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S O O H O PA R K Who loves people, design, and architecture

March 2016

Master of Architecture Master of Science in Civil Engineering

University of Illinois Urbana Champaign

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Copyright 2016 Published by Sooho Park All right reserved Printed and bound in USA No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner without written permission from the publisher, except for the purpose of reviews.

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Sooho Park akiholic01@gmail.com 217-418-9171 421 Paddock Dr. W Savoy, IL in

https://www.linkedin.com/pub/ sooho-park-leed-ap/75/226/531

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RESUME

Sooho Park EDUCATION

LEED AP BD+C

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Master of Architecture Master of Science in Civil Engineering (Construction Management) GPA : 3.92 / 4.0 Technische Universität München Exchange program via UIUC Kyungnam University Bachelor of Architecture GPA : 4.08 / 4.5 Excellent Academy fellowships recipient in 2004 - 2006

SCHOLARSHIP

DESIGN AWARD

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Champaign, IL USA Aug. 2013 – Dec. 2015

München, Germany Apr. 2015 - Aug. 2015 Changwon, South Korea Mar. 2001 – Aug. 2008

Robert F. Hastings Fellowship recipient in 2013 - 2014 University of Illinois Urbana Champaign Raymond A. Pigozzi Memorial Award in 2015-2016 University of Illinois Urbana Champaign 2015 Central Illinois Chapter IFMA Student Scholarship Central Illinois Chapter of International Facility Management Association

Aug. 2013

Graduate Studio Design Excellence Award – 1st prize University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign / US Chicago Award in Architecture Nomination American Institute of Architects / US Gyeongnam Architectural Design Competition – 2nd prize Gyeongnam Institute of Registered Architects / South Korea Korea National Housing Competition – 3rd prize Korea National Housing Corporation / South Korea

Jun. 2014

Mar. 2015 Apr. 2015

Jun. 2014 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2007


PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

SUNJIN Engineering & Architecture Technical Architect • Participated in the project of US DoD middle school at USAG Humphreys in Korea • Prepared construction documents in careful coordination with structural, mechanical and electrical engineers

Seoul, South Korea May 2012 – Jun. 2013

EVERWILL Design & Development Assistant Manager • Participated in development project of high-rise, 22-story, residential building • Supported a detailed cash flow spreadsheet work of the whole project • Collaborated with architects and engineers to reduce total construction cost (Value Engineering) • Negotiate with public officials to minimize the administrative procedure periods

Seoul, South Korea Mar. 2011 – Dec. 2011

SUNJIN Engineering & Architecture Assistant Architect • Support the project design process for projects • Prepare architectural plans and renderings • Assists PM / PA with project assignments • Compile data and perform design computations

Seoul, South Korea Dec. 2007 – Jan. 2011

LANGUAGE

English professional working proficiency Korean native proficiency

SKILL

AutoCAD Sketchup Photoshop Indesign Revit Illustrator Lumion 3D MS publisher Excel Powerpoint V-ray

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CONTENTS GRADUATE WORKS

PROFESSIONAL WORKS

Hybrid Skyscraper, Chicago USA 10

Al ghadeer Residential Project, Abu Dahbi 76

Japanese Architecture Center, Tokyo Japan 30

Gangnam District Design, South Korea 84

Travelers Inn, Australia 40

Holong Bay Residential Tower, Vietnam 90

Graduate studio project in Fall 2013

Graduate studio project in Spring 2014

Graduate studio project in Fall 2014

Graduate studio project in Fall 2013

International housing architecture competition

Concept design of mixed-use high-rise building

Convertible Tensegrity Dome, Munich Germany 50 Graduate studio project in Spring 2015 Technische Universit채t M체nchen, Germany

UNDERGRADUATE WORKS Re-birth of Gangu harbor, South Korea 60 Undergraduate studio project in Fall 2007

Coexistence of Physical and Virtual, South Korea 66 Undergraduate studio project in Fall 2006

Diagonal Parket, South Korea 70

EXTRA WORKS Hong Kong Design Institute, Hong Kong 96 Structural Analysis Arch502 Structural Planning Course

Blue Cross Tower, Chicago USA 100 Construction Document Analysis Arch544 Integrative Building Design

Student design competition project in Fall 2007

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GRADUATE WORKS Hybrid Skyscraper, Chicago USA 10 Graduate studio project in Fall 2013

Japanese Architecture Center, Tokyo Japan 30 Graduate studio project in Spring 2014

Travelers Inn, Australia 40

Graduate studio project in Fall 2014

Convertible Tensegrity Dome, Munich Germany 50 Graduate studio project in Spring 2015 Technische Universit채t M체nchen, Germany

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HYBRID SKYSCRAPER in CHICAGO IL, USA Graduate studio project in Fall 2013, Professor Paul Armstrong Team project : Sooho Park, Chang Gu Location : Chicago Dowtown, IL USA Program : office, residential, hybrid program (office+residence), book cafe, food court

Chicago’s skyline is among the world’s tallest and most dense. Tall buildings are often important landmarks of the city and, when designed appropriately, contribute to urban quality and livability. “Hybrid Skyscraper” is a mixed-use super-tall building intended to make itself a new landmark of the area as well as make positive contribution to Chicago’s Loop. The site is located in Chicago’s Streeterville District, Chicago, bounded by E. North Water Street, N Columbus Drive and the Chicago River. This area has some of the tallest building of Chicago, many upscale

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stores, hotels and restaurant, and one of the most popular tourist attraction, Navy Pier. “Hybrid Skyscraper” is a sculptural presence in the skyline. Unlike traditional buildings using vertical supports, the structure of this one consists of a central core with columns at lower levels, mega bracing members connected in triangular shape, and secondary diagonal bracing structure to bear both lateral and gravity load. The mega structure will allow the building being sculpted with many faces responding to the city, nature and the people. As a result, the building will be a unique existence reflecting the area.


CONCEPT DIAGRAM

PEOPLE AND BUILDING

RESIDENTIAL

The major function inside the structure are residential, office and hybrid live-work space. With mass adoption of smart phones and advanced network technologies, people are able to work at home and connect to their office like never before. Between 2005 and 2011, the number of workers telecommuting in the U.S. grew by 73 percent. Providing option of work from home increases employee satisfaction, and reduces absenteeism and time for commute but there are also concerns about work at home, such as productivity and creativity. Thus, how to live and work together and how to get the balance between live and work is very important. “Hybrid Skyscraper” is a “flexible work and live model” helping Chicago-area business to adapt to the new lifestyle. The two new hybrid program this building has are SOHO and LOFT. SOHO unit is more close to one bedroom apartment besides it has clearly defined work area. It is more appropriate for people who has start-up companies and who work full-time at home. LOFT is more close to 20-people-sized office but having living space inside. For normal residential units, the building will facilitate with a daycare center for the family; for normal office, the building will facilitate with telecommuting technology and removable floor plate to allow work space expandable.

Hybrid Type SOHO____ Similar to studio type, allowing less than 5 people to work inside., suitable for start-up company

Site context

Program stacking diagram

LOFT ____ Similar to mid-sized office type, allowing less than 20 people to work inside, live and work space at different levels.

Concept diagram CONCEPT DIAGRAM

PROGRAM STACKING DIAGRAM

61F-76F RESIDENTIAL 60F DAYCARE 59F SKYLOBBY

57-58F MECHANICAL

Hybrid Type SOHO____ Similar to studio type, allowing less than 5 people to work inside., suitable for start-up company

OFFICE & LOFT

LOFT ____ Similar to mid-sized office type, allowing less than 20 people to work inside, live and work space at different levels.

LOFT

PROGRAM STACKING DIAGRAM

47F-56F OFFICE & LOFT Hybrid Work—live Space

Public Space for Social Need

SKYLOBBY

Typical Stacking Diagram

FORM DESIGN DIAGRAM 44F-46F SKYLOBBY

LOFT

43F MECHANICAL

Mega Bracing

Vertical Structure

Critical Point

More Faces

Tapering

Hybrid Work—live Space

Typical Stacking Diagram

Public Space for Social Need

OFFICE

SOHO and Studio

FORM DESIGN DIAGRAM Form adjustment according to views, the relation to adjacent building and daylighting access in plan view.

Large Office

Loft and Mid-Office

Luxury Residential

27F CONFERENCE HALL

25-26F MECHANICAL

Vertical Structure

Mega Bracing

Critical Point

More Faces

Tapering

SOHO and Studio

SOHO

STUDIO

KEY MAP

Form adjustment according to views, the relation to adjacent building and daylighting access in plan view.

Large Office

PARKING

Loft and7-24F Mid-Office SOHO & STUDIO

COMMERCIAL

4-6F PARKING

Luxury Residential

GROUND LEVEL

SECTION SCALE : 1/20 10

20

40

60 (ft)

KEY MAP

SOHO

0

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77-78 th Level | Mechanical

GN DIAGRAM

Diagram

STACKING DIAGRAM

Hybrid Work—live Space

Office Elevator Open Mid-Office Express Elevator Open

44 th Level | Sky Lobby

Office Service Elevator Open Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close

Loft Express Elevator Close Loft Service Elevator Close

Public Space for Social Need Mid-Office Express Elevator Open

Office Elevator Open Mid-Office Elevator Open

45 th Level | Sky Lobby

Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close

Loft Service Elevator Open Office Service Elevator Close

Loft Elevator Open Mid-Office Elevator Close Loft Express Elevator Open

46 th Level | Sky Lobby

Office Service Elevator Open Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close

Loft Service Elevator Open

Mid-Office Elevator Open Loft Elevator Open

47-56 th Level | Loft & Mid-Office

Office Service Elevator Open Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close

Loft Service Elevator Open

57, 58 th Level | Mechanical

Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close

Residential Elevator Open Residential Express Elevator Open Residential Service Elevator Open

59 th Level | Sky Lobby

Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close

Residential Elevator Open Residential Service Elevator Open

ilar to mid-sized office type, allowing less than 20 people to work inside, live and work space at different levels. 60 th Level | Day Care

Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close

Residential Elevator Open Residential Service Elevator Open

61-76 th Level | Residential

Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close

Residential Service Elevator Open

ilar to studio type, allowing less than 5 people to work inside., suitable for start-up company

IAGRAM

Club Service Elevator Open Club Elevator Open

79-80 th Level | Club

inside the structure are residential, office and hybrid live-work space. With mass adoption of smart phones and advanced ies, people are able to work at home and connect to their office like never before. Between 2005 and 2011, the number of uting in the U.S. grew by 73 percent. Providing option of work from home increases employee satisfaction, and reduces abe for commute but there are also concerns about work at home, such as productivity and creativity. Thus, how to live and how to get the balance between live and work is very important. “Hybrid Skyscraper” is a “flexible work and live model” rea business to adapt to the new lifestyle. The two new hybrid program this building has are SOHO and LOFT. SOHO unit is bedroom apartment besides it has clearly defined work area. It is more appropriate for people who has start-up companies time at home. LOFT is more close to 20-people-sized office but having living space inside. For normal residential units, the ate with a daycare center for the family; for normal office, the building will facilitate with telecommuting technology and ree to allow work space expandable.

BUILDING

SKYSCRAPER

77-78F MECHANICAL

79-80F CLUB

CLUB 57-58F MECHANICAL

59F SKYLOBBY

60F DAYCARE

61F-76F RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL 47F-56F OFFICE & LOFT

OFFICE & LOFT 44F-46F SKYLOBBY

SKYLOBBY

12 LOFT


60 (ft)

MAP

, the cent hting .

Critical PointCritical Point

More Faces More Faces

43 rd Level | Mechanical

Tapering

Loft Express Elevator Open

Mid-Office Express Elevator Open

Large Office Open

B4 Level | Office Parking

SOHO Service Elevator Open Studio Service Elevator Open

Large Office Elevator Close Mid-Office Express Elevator Close Loft Express Elevator Close Loft Service Elevator Open Office Service Elevator Open Club Service Elevator Open Residential Service Elevator Open

B1 Level | Commercial & Loading

SOHO Service Elevator Close Studio Service Elevator Close SOHO Elevator Open Studio Elevator Open Residential Express Elevator Open

Large Office Elevator Close Mid-Office Express Elevator Close Loft Express Elevator Close Loft Service Elevator Close Office Service Elevator Close Club Service Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close

1st Level | Residential Lobby

SOHO Service Elevator Close Studio Service Elevator Close SOHO Elevator Close Studio Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close Club Elevator Open

Large Office Elevator Open Mid-Office Express Elevator Open Loft Express Elevator Open Loft Service Elevator Close Office Service Elevator Close Club Service Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close

2nd Level | Office Lobby

Large Office Elevator Close Mid-Office Express Elevator Close Loft Express Elevator Close Loft Service Elevator Close Office Service Elevator Close Club Service Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close SOHO Service Elevator Open Studio Service Elevator Open SOHO Elevator Open Studio Elevator Open Residential Express Elevator Close Club Elevator Close

7-24 th Level | SOHO & Studio

Large Office Elevator Close Mid-Office Express Elevator Close Loft Express Elevator Close Loft Service Elevator Close Office Service Elevator Close Club Service Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close SOHO Service Elevator Open Studio Service Elevator Open Residential Express Elevator Close Club Elevator Close

25,26 th Level | Mechanical

Luxury Residential Luxury Residential

Loft and Mid-Office Loft and Mid-Office

Large OfficeLarge Office

Large Office Elevator Open Mid-Office Express Elevator Close Loft Express Elevator Close Loft Service Elevator Close Office Service Elevator Open Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close

27-42 th Level | Large Office

SOHO and Studio SOHO and Studio

Tapering

Office Elevator Close Mid-Office Express Elevator Close Loft Express Elevator Close Loft Service Elevator Close Office Service Elevator Open Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close

SOHO

43F MECHANICAL 43F MECHANICAL

25-26F MECHANICAL 25-26F MECHANICAL

27F CONFERENCE 27F CONFERENCE HALL HALL

OFFICE

7-24F SOHO & 7-24F STUDIO SOHO & STUDIO

STUDIO 4-6F PARKING4-6F PARKING

PARKING

GROUND LEVEL GROUND LEVEL

COMMERCIAL

Loft Express Elevator Open Loft Service Elevator Open Office Service Elevator Open Club Service Elevator Close Club Elevator Close Residential Service Elevator Close Residential Express Elevator Close

SOHO

OFFICE STUDIO PARKING COMMERCIAL

Mega Bracing Mega Bracing

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GROUND LEVEL

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- RESIDENTS ENTRANCE Entrance is on North Water St. and lobby is at 1st floor - OFFICE ENTRANCE Entrance with escalators on North Water St. and lobby is at 2nd floor 3 escalators operate flexibly (Morning :2 for up,1 for down / Evening: 1 for up, 2 for down) - COMMERCIAL ENTRANCE Entrance at most busy and active space (Intersection Columbus Dr. + North Water St.)

RESIDENTIAL ENTRANCE

OFFICE ENTRANCE COMMERCIAL ENTRANCE

CAR RAMP

Cashier Residential Lobby

SUB ENTRANCE LOBBY

COMMERCIAL LOBBY

Cashier

Book cafe

RIVERWALK

BOOK CAFÉ / RESIDENTIAL LOBBY / COMMERCIAL LOBBY

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GROUND LEVEL


B1M FLOOR PLAN

GROCERY STORE/ ORGANIC FOOD/ INDIVISUAL READING BOOTH/CLASSROOM/ OFFICE

SCALE : 1/20

B1M FLOOR PLAN

GROCERY STORE/ ORGANIC FOOD/ INDIVISUAL READING BOOTH/CLASSROOM/ OFFICE

SCALE : 1/20

RIVERSIDE LEVEL - FOOD COURT Hugh inside hall, and various kinds of food 4 dedicated elevators and 2 escalators - CAR ENTRANCE Separate circulation from residents and office + public people (Independent parking for residents: for Security & Privacy) - LOADING DOCK directly connected to CORE that easy to lift stuff

TRUCK IN/OUT

CAR IN/OUT

TRUCK IN/OUT

CAR IN/OUT

Storage

Office

StorageCommercial Parking Commercial Parking Organic food

Residential Parking

Residential Parking

Loading Deck kitchen

Loading Deck

Imported food

Office

Storage Computers

kitchen Organic food

Storage

Imported food

Book cafe for kids Computers

Open hall

Book cafe for kids Open hall

Seats for food

Seats for food

Feast

Feast

INNER HALL / ACTIVITY STAIRS / FOOD COURT / CAR ENT/LOADING AREA / KIDS BOOK CAFE

B1 FLOOR PLAN

UNDERGROUND PARKING - B2 to B7 floor - Separated car circulation Office : B2~B4 (465 parking) Commercial & public : B5~B7 (465 parking) UNDERGROUND PARKING - Straightforward circulation - 5 dedicated elevators for commercial users. - B2 to B7 floor (separate by 2 E/V zone for convenience after parking) - Separated car circulation Office : B2~B4 (465 parking) Commercial & public : B5~B7 (465 parking) - Straightforward circulation - 5 dedicated elevators for commercial users. (separate by 2 E/V zone for convenience after parking)

UNDERGROUND PARKING

- B2 to B7 floor - Separated car circulation Office : B2~B4 (465 parking) Commercial & public : B5~B7 (465 parking) - Straightforward circulation - 5 dedicated elevators for commercial users. (separate by 2 E/V zone for convenience after parking)

155 PARKING

155 PARKING

PARKING FOR OFFICE & COMMERCIAL / ELEVATOR HALL 0

10

20

0

10

20

40

B2—B7 FLOOR PLAN SCALE : 1/20

60 (ft)

PARKING FOR OFFICE & COMMERCIAL / ELEVATOR HALL 40

60 (ft)

PARKING FOR OFFICE & COMMERCIAL / ELEVATOR HALL

B2—B7 FLOOR PLAN SCALE : 1/20

B2-B7 FLOOR PLAN

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27 FLOOR PLAN

BANQUET / 140 SEATS HALL/ 90 SEATS HALL

SCALE : 1/20

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HYBRID SKYSCRAPER SOHO

STUDIO

SOHO

STUDIO

SOHO

SOHO & STUDIO (SMALL) HYBRID SOHO SKYSCRAPER & STUDIO (SMALL) HYBRID SPACE

SOHO

STUDIO

- SOHO UNITS (234 units)

Less than 5 employees company HYBRID SPACE More closed to living space but flexible

SOHO

SOHO

SOHO

HYBRID HybridSPACE space for working + living program

-OFFICE SOHO UNITS (234 units) (LARGE) SOHO & STUDIO (SMALL) forSTAFF) working + living program SOHO &space STUDIO (SMALL) -Hybrid LARGE SIZED OFFICE (150 - STUDIO UNITS (216 units) Lower floor: - SOHO UNITS (234 units) Only living for 1 or 2 residents Less than 5 units) employees company - SOHO UNITS (234 Whole working space, reception, break Hybrid space for opened working + living program Hybrid space for working + living program - NATURAL VENTILATION & SUNLIGHT Upper floor: Less thanMore 5 employees company closed towindow living space but flexible Passively ventilated through atrium and Less than 5 employees company OFFICE (LARGE) Teletocommunication room, meeting rooms More closed but flexible Moreliving closedspace to living space but flexible - ENHANCED SECURITY - STUDIO UNITS (216 units) - LARGE SIZED OFFICE (150 STAFF) Atrium and separated vertical circulation strengthen the security Lower floor: UNITS (216UNITS units) - STUDIO (216 units) - STUDIO living for 1 break or 2 residents WholeOnly opened working - PERSONAL STORAGE Only forspace, 1 or 2reception, residents Only living for 1 living or 2 residents Upper floor: 3’X4’ storage per units NATURAL VENTILATION & SUNLIGHT Tele-communication room, meeting rooms - NATURAL VENTILATION & SUNLIGHT - NATURAL VENTILATION & SUNLIGHT Passively ventilated through atrium and window ventilated through atrium PassivelyPassively ventilated through atrium and window - ENHANCED SECURITY - ENHANCED SECURITY - ENHANCED SECURITY Atrium and separated vertical circulation strengthen the security Atrium and separatedand vertical circulation strengthen the security Atrium separated vertical circulation - PERSONAL STORAGE 3’X4’ storage per units - PERSONAL STORAGE strengthen the security 3’X4’ storage per units - PERSONAL STORAGE 3’X4’ storage per units

N

Atrium

Opened office

Opened office

Meeting rooms

SOHO

SOHO

STUDIO

Meeting rooms STUDIO

Atrium

STUDIO

Conference Conference

Atrium

STUDIOSCALE : 1/20

Atrium

break

STUDIO

13 SOHO UNITS / 12 STUDIO UNITS

STUDIO LOWER FLOOR

7-24 FLOOR PLAN UPPER FLOOR

28-42 FLOOR FLOOR PLANP

7-24 13 SOHO UNITS / 12 STUDIO UNITS UPPER FLOOR 28-42 FLOOR PLAN OPENED OFFICE/ CONFERENCE/ MEETING ROOMS/ BREAK

LOWER FLOOR

SCALE : 1/20

OPENED OFFICE/ CONFERENCE/ MEETING ROOMS/ BREAK

PARKING - 4F to 6F ONLY for residents (Security & Privacy) - Total 216 parking provided - Straightforward car circulation

CONFERENCE (FOR OFFICE) CONFERENCE (FOR OFFICE)

- 1 large banquet for flexible use (rather than traditional hall) - 2 medium conference hall for (140flexible and 90 use seats)(rather than traditional - 1 large banquet - 5 small rooms - 2meeting medium conference hall (140 and 90 seats)

Stage

Stage Hall Hall

hall)

- 1PARKING large banquet for flexible use - 5 small meeting rooms (rather than traditional hall) - 4F to 6F ONLY for residents (Security & Privacy) 216 parking provided - 2-- Total medium conference hall Straightforward car circulation PARKING (140 and 90 seats) - 4F to 6F- ONLY for residents (Security rooms & Privacy) 5 small meeting

Hall Hall large conference conference 140 seats

140 seats

Banquet Banquet

Meeting rooms

54 parking (4 for disabled people)

Meeting SCALE rooms: 1/20

27 FLOOR PLAN

BANQUET / 140 SEATS HALL/ 90 SEATS HALL

SCALE : 1/20

N BANQUET / 140 SEATS HALL / 90 SEATS HALL

Spa

SOHO

Spa

STUDIO

Changing room (M)

OFFICE (LARGE)

SOHO Squash

Opened office

- LARGE SIZED - LARGE OFFICESIZED (150 OFFICE STAFF) (150 STAFF) Upper floor: Lower floor: - SOHO UNITSLower (234 units) Telefloor: communication room, meeting rooms Hybrid space for working + living program Whole opened Whole working opened space, working reception, space, break reception, break Less than 5 employees company Upper floor: Upper floor: More closed to living space but flexible Tele communication Tele communication room, meeting room, rooms meeting rooms

Lower floor: Whole opened working space, reception UNITS (216 units) - STUDIO Upper floor: GREEN & FITNESS Only living for 1 or 2 residents HYBRID SPACE Tele communication room, - Whole floor is designed as fitness & indoor sports meeting rooms - NATURAL VENTILATION & SUNLIGHT Passively ventilated atrium andCarbon window SOHO &through STUDIO (SMALL) - Inner landscape absorbs dioxide and provides fresh air

Stretching

Aerobic

Yoga

Conference

break

Conference Conference LOWER FLOOR

break

16

break

UPPER FLOOR

28-42 FLOOR PLAN

LOWER FLOOR

LOWER FLOOR LOWER FLOOR Inner landscape

Changing room (W)

SCALE : 1/20

13 SOHO UNITS / 12 STUDIO UNITS

7-24 FLOOR PLAN

UPPER FLOOR

Front desk

STUDIO

SCALE : 1/20

UPPER FLOOR UPPER FLOOR

FitnessSpaBREAK OPENED OFFICE/ CONFERENCE/ MEETING ROOMS/ STUDIO

28-42 FLOOR 28-42 PLA FLO 28-42 FLOOR PLAN

Changing room (M) BREAK OPENED CONFERENCE/ OFFICE/ CONFERENCE/ MEETING ROOMS/ MEETING BREAK ROOMS/ AtriumOPENED OFFICE/

Stage

Stretching

Aerobic Office lobby

Banquet Cloak Banquet room

SCALE : 1

Yoga Office Cafe

Hall Hall

Squash

- 4F to 6F ONLY for residents (Security & Privacy)

Changing room (M)

Spa

OPENED OFFICE/ CONFERENCE/ MEETING ROOMS/ BREAK Squash

- 1 large banquet for flexible use (rather than traditional hall) - 2 medium conference hall (140 and 90 seats) - 5 small meeting rooms

PARKING

SCALE : 1/20

Spa

STUDIO

Atrium

- Large sized restaurant opened to public storage per units and office3’X4’ workers

CONFERENCE (FOR OFFICE)

Atrium

3 FLOOR PLAN

INNER LANDSCAPE/ INDOOR SQUASH/ STRECHING ROOM/ YOGA/ FITNESS/SOHO SPA/ CHANGING ROOM

- NATURAL VENTILATION & SUNLIGHT - Whole floor is designed as fitness & indoor sports Passively ventilated through atriumand andprovides window fresh air - Inner landscape absorbs Carbon dioxide

- PERSONAL STORAGE

SOHO

Spa

Changing room (W)

Hybrid space for working + living program

- ENHANCED SECURITY Atrium and separated vertical circulation strengthen the security

PARKING FOR RESIDENTS

Fitness

STUDIO

LessSTORAGE than 5 employees company - PERSONAL 3’X4’ storage per unitsto living space but flexible More closed

GREEN & FITNESS

SCALE : 1/20

Atrium

Meeting Meeting rooms rooms

SOHO

SCAL

4-6 FLOOR PLAN

Front desk

Meeting rooms

Opened office Opened office SOHOInner STUDIO landscape

PARKING FOR RESIDENTS

N

27 FLOOR P

BANQUET / 140 SEATS HALL/ 90 SEATS HALL

OFFICE (LARGE)

- STUDIO UNITS (216 units) Only living for 1 or 2 residents

25-27 FLOOR PLAN

Changing room (W)

- Whole floor is designed as fitness & indoor sports - Inner landscape absorbs Carbon dioxide and provides fresh air

- ENHANCED SECURITY - SOHO UNITS (234 units) Atrium and separated vertical circulation strengthen the security

conference 90 seats

Meeting rooms 4-6 FLOOR PLAN

PARKING FOR RESIDENTS

STAFF)

140 seats

conference 90 seats

Meeting rooms

HYBRID HYBRID SKYSCRAPER SKYSCRAPER GREEN & FITNESS HYBRID SKYSCRAPER

large conference conference 140 seats

54 parking (4 for disabled people)

Banquet Banquet

- Total 216 parking provided - Straightforward car circulation

OFFICE LOBBY & RESTAURANT

SCALE : SCAL 1/20

13 SOHO UNITS / 12 STUDIO UNITS

54 parking (4 for disabled people)

CONFERENCE (FOR OFFICE)

Whole opened working space, reception, break SOHO & STUDIO (SMALL) - LARGE SIZED OFFICE (150

STUDIO

7-24 FLOOR PLAN

13 SOHO UNITS / 12 STUDIO UNITS

break

SOHO

- LARGE SIZED OFFICE (150 (LARGE) STAFF) OFFICE OFFICE (LARGE) HYBRID SPACE Lower floor:

Atrium

Atrium

Front desk

large conference conference 140 seats

140 seats

13 SOHO UNITS / 12 STUDIO UNITS

INNER LANDSCAPE/ INDOOR SQUASH/ STRECHING ROOM/ YOGA/ FITNESS/ SPA/ CHANGING ROOM

7-24 FLOOR P SCAL 3 FLOOR PLAN


Loft

THEME AREA

SCALE : 1/20

Office

- LOFT UNITS (36 units) Hybrid space for living + work program For about 20 employees company UpperSECURITY floor: living + working space for owner - ENHANCED OFFICE (24 units) OFFICE (24 units) - MEDIUM MEDIUM Atrium and separated vertical circulation strengthenspace the security More closed to office but flexible OFFICE (24 units) MEDIUM Only office- for Only about office 50for staffs about 50 staffs Only office for about 50 staffs Lower floor: working space for staff - ENHANCED- SECURITY ENHANCED SECURITY - ENHANCED SECURITY Upper floor: living +the working space for owner Atrium and separated Atrium andvertical separated circulation vertical strengthen circulation strengthen security the security Atrium and separated vertical circulation strengthen the security

HYBRID SKYSCRAPER CLUB

Loft

- SWIMMING POOL

Loft

Office

Loft

Office

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

MEDIUM OFFICE/ LOFT

Loft Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

N

47-56 FLOOR PL

SCALE :

LOWER FLOOR

Exchange

47-56 FLO

MEDIUM OFFICE/ LOFT

MEDIUM OFFICE/ LOFT

WITH SAMLL STAGE - DANCING FLOORSKYSCRAPER HYBRID - ENHANCED SECURITY

Bar

47-56 FLOOR PLAN

MEDIUM OFFICE/ LOFT

UPPER FLOOR

Atrium and separated vertical circulation strengthen the security

CLUB

Office

Loft

Loft Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft

Loft Loft

Office

Office Office

Loft

Loft

Loft

Office

Loft

Office

LoftOffice

Office Office

Loft

LoftOffice

Loft

Office

Loft

Office

Office

Office Office

Loft

- MEDIUM OFFICE (24 units) Only office for about 50 staffs

- DRINK BAR

Office

Office

Loft

LOFT & OFFICE (MEDIUM)

Stage

SCALE : 1/20

47-56 FLOOR MEDIUM OFFICE/ LOFT MEDIUM OFFICE / LOFT 47-56 PLAN FLOOR PLAN 47-56 FLOOR 47-56 FLOOR PLAN SCALE : 1/20 LOFT MEDIUM OFFICE/ MEDIUM LOFT OFFICE/

SCALE : 1/20 SCAL

- SWIMMING POOL

Pool

HYBRID SKYSCRAPER HYBRID SKYSCRAPER HYBRID SKYSCRAPER

- DANCING FLOOR WITH SAMLL STAGE

CLUB

Exchange

LOWER FLOOR

Bar

- DRINK BAR

VS

Pool

- DANCING FLOOR WITH SAMLL STAGE

Exchange

WITH SAMLL STAGE - DANCING FLOOR FLOOR WITH SAMLL STAGE - DANCING

Exchange

LOWER FLOOR

RESIDENTIAL

A unit

Many toilet booths for function such as urinal type, - AVARIOUS THEME AREA unit PEOPLE -water LOFT MOVEMENT PEOPLE closet type,MOVEMENT powder type, breast feeding type, etc. UNITS) - STANDARD TYPE (36- LOFT 3 bedroom + 1 office 3BLURRED bedroom +-floor 1 office water closet type, powder TOILET UNITS)breast feeding type, etc. STANDARD BOX Transfer atSLEEPING 46 Transfer at 46TYPE floor(36 type,

68F-76F (9 stories) 3 BOX bedroom +as1(1,2 office B unit 68F-76F stories)short unitSLEEPING BMany toilet booths for(9function suchtime urinal type,sleeping For efficient productivity, hours) 3 bed rooms 3 bed rooms 3 bedroom, fitness, maid room, small aquarium, pool 3water bedroom, fitness, maid room, pool boxes areaquarium, provided. For efficient productivity, time (1,2small hours) sleeping closet type, powder type,short breast feeding type, etc. VARIOUS - VARIOUS THEME AREA 4 units each 4AREA units each floor Only 2floor units -each floor2THEME Only unitsare each floor boxes SLEEPING BOX provided. BLURRED BLURRED TOILET TOILET Dedicated elevator and entrance B unit Dedicated elevator and entrance Fortoilet efficient productivity, short time (1,2such hours) Many booths Many toilet for function booths such for function as urinal type, as sleeping urinal type,

boxes are provided. boxes are provided.

- STANDARD TYPE (36 UNITS) 68F-76F (9 stories) 3 bed rooms 4 units each floor

Room

Room

: ONLY WORKING LOWER FLOOR : ONLY WORKING MEDIUM OFFICE OFFICE TYPE foyer MEDIUM TYPE MEDIUM OFFICE TYPE : ONLY WORKING : ONLY WORKING : ONLY WORKING LOWER FLOOR LOWER FLOOR

LOWER FLOOR LOWER FLOOR

Atrium

Office

Kitchen

Atrium

Office

Living

RoomOffice

Atrium Office

Room

UPPER FLOOR UPPER FLOOR

Room

Room

Room

Fitness

Room

foyer

RoomMaster room Bath

Room

Kitchen

Master room

Master room Bath

Master room

UPPER FLOOR

UPPER LOFTFLOOR TYPE : WORKING + LIVING

LOWER FLOOR LOWER FLOOR

Living

ENLARGED FLOOR PLAN (LUXURIOUS TYPE 61-67 FLOOR)

ENLARGED FLOOR PLAN (LUXURIOUS TYPE 61-67 FLOOR)

t

Room t

t

Master room

Room

1F SKY LOBBY (44F)

BLURRED TOILET/ SLEEPING BOX/ CAFÉ/RESTAURANT

1F SKY LOBBY (44F)

Living

identical 4 units each floor Master

room

t

Room

STANDARD

Living

Room

Room

Room

Kitchen

identical

Kitchen

foyer STANDARD UNIT foyerTYPE STANDARD / LUXUR identical 4 units each floor Master Living Living

room Room

Room

61-76 STANDARDENLARGED / LUXURIOUSFLOOR UNITS PLAN

FLOOR PLAN

STANDARD / LUXURIOUS UNITS (STANDARD TYPE 68-76 FLOOR) SCALE : 1/20

61-76 FLOOR

STANDARD UNIT TYPE SC STANDARD UNIT TYPE UNIT TYPE STANDARD 2F SKY LOBBY (45F) ENLARGED FLOOR PLAN identical 4identical units (STANDARD TYPE 68-76 FLOOR) identical 4 units each floor 4 units each floor ENLARGED FLOOR PLANTRANSFER TO MIDEUM OFFICE ELEVATORS 2F SKY LOBBY (45F) (STANDARD TYPE 68-76 FLOOR) 61-76 FLOOR PLAN TRANSFER TO MIDEUM OFFICE ELEVATORS 61-76 PLAN 61-76 FL STANDARD / LUXURIOUS 2F SKY/UNITS LOBBY 44-46 FLOOR PLAN(45F) STANDARD LUXURIOUS UNITSFLOOR

SCALE : 1/2

SCALE : 1/20

BLURRED TOILET/ SLEEPING BOX/ CAFÉ/RESTAURANT

1F SKY LOBBY 1F SKY (44F) LOBBY (44F)

foyer

Master room

STANDARD UNIT TYPE

foyer

Master room

Kitchen

Kitchen

Kitchen

LUXURIOUS UNIT TYPE UNIT TYPE UNIT TYPE LUXURIOUS 1FLUXURIOUS SKY LOBBY (44F) different 2 floor units different 2 units each floor 2 units each different

LOWER FLOOR : WORKING t UPPER FLOOR : LIVING

Room

Room

foyer

different 2 units each floor

BLURRED TOILET/ SLEEPING BOX/ CAFÉ/RESTAURANT

ENLARGED FLOOR PLAN ENLARGED FLOOR PLAN (LUXURIOUS TYPE 61-67 FLOOR) (LUXURIOUS TYPE 61-67 FLOOR)

LOWER FLOOR : WORKING

LOWER FLOORLOWER : WORKING FLOOR : WORKING UPPER FLOORUPPER : LIVINGFLOOR : LIVING

Master different 22Living units each floor Living Master Master LivingMaster different units each floor room Bath room room Bath room

ENLARGED FLOOR PLAN (LUXURIOUS TYPE 61-67 FLOOR)

FLOOR UPPER UPPERFLOOR FLOOR : LIVING

UPPER FLOOR : LIVING LOFT TYPELOFT TYPE : WORKING : WORKING + LIVING + LIVING

Living

LUXURIOUS TYPE LUXURIOUS UNIT UNIT TYPE

UPPER FLOOR

LOFT TYPEPLAN LOFT TYPE FLOOR : WORKING + LIVING SCALE : 1/20 : WORKING +TYPE LIVING LOFT TYPE PLAN 79-80 FL LOFT LOWER FLOOR : WORKING 79-80 FLOOR UPPER FLOOR : LIVING : WORKING + LIVING LOWER FLOOR : WORKING SCALE : 1/2 : WORKING + LIVING UPPER FLOOR UPPER FLOOR

79-80 UPPER FLOOR

LOWER FLOOR : WORKING UPPER UPPER FLOOR : LIVING

foyer Kitchen LivingLUXURIOUS UNIT TYPE

Kitchen

Kitchen

UPPER FLOOR

LOWER FLOOR LOWER FLOOR

SC

UPPER FLOOR UPPER FLOOR

LOWER FLOOR

LOWER FLOOR

Kitchen

Living

Room

LOWER FLOOR

UPPER FLOOR

Stage

Kitchen

Room

Room room Room Atrium Bathfoyerroom Fitness Room Fitness

Kitchen

Room Living

LOWER FLOOR

Room

Master

Master

79-80 FLOOR

Stage

MEDIUM OFFICE MEDIUMTYPE OFFICE TYPE : ONLY WORKING : ONLY WORKING

Fitness foyer

Kitchen Room

Living

Fitness

UPPER FLOOR

Pool

VS

Stage

UPPER FLOOR LOWER FLOOR UPPER FLOOR MEDIUM OFFICE TYPE MEDIUM PoolOFFICE TYPE UPPER Pool FLOOR UPPER FLOOR

LOWER FLOOR LOWER FLOOR

Room

A unit Transfer atat45 floor - TRANSFER AREA TO OFFICE AND LOFT Transfer 45MEDIUM floor (14 UNITS) TYPE - LUXURY 3 bedroom + 1 office 61F-67F (7 stories) - LOFT PEOPLE MOVEMENT - LOFT PEOPLE MOVEMENT

Bar

LOWER FLOOR

Atrium

LOWER FLOOR

RESIDENTIAL - LUXURY TYPE (14 UNITS) 61F-67F (7 stories) A unit 3 bedroom + 1 office RESIDENTIAL unit B SKYLOBBY SKYLOBBY 3 bedroom, fitness, maid room, aquarium, small pool - LUXURY TYPE (14 UNITS) - TRANSFER AREA TO MEDIUM OFFICE AND LOFT Only 2 units each floorSKYLOBBY - TRANSFER AREA TO MEDIUM OFFICE AND LOFT RESIDENTIAL 61F-67F (7 stories) - OFFICE Dedicated elevator and entrance - OFFICEPEOPLE PEOPLE MOVEMENT MOVEMENT

Bar

VS VS

Bar

Exchange

UPPER OfficeFLOOR LOWER FLOOR

BOX ours) sleeping nt productivity, short time (1,2 hours) sleeping

Stage

VS

SWIMMING POOL - SWIMMING POOL - SWIMMING -POOL

- DRINK BAR

UPPER FLO

VS

CLUB CLUB

- DRINK BAR

N

N

VS

- DRINK BAR

3closet bedroom, aquarium, boxes arewater provided. TOILET water closet type, powder type,powder breastfitness, type, feeding breast type,feeding etc. type, etc. small pool (36 UNITS) - STANDARD TYPE TYPE (36 type, UNITS) - STANDARD nal type, stories) SLEEPING SLEEPING BOX BOX2 units each floor 68F-76F (9 stories) t booths for function such as68F-76F urinal(9type, Only ding type, etc. 3 bed rooms For3efficient bed rooms For productivity, efficient productivity, short time (1,2 short hours) timesleeping (1,2 hours) sleeping et type, powder type, breast feeding type, etc. Dedicated elevator and entrance 4 units each floor4 units each floor

provided.

SCALE : 1/20

Loft

For about 20 employees company - LOFT UNITS (36 units) HYBRID SPACE HYBRID SPACE More closed to office space but flexible Hybrid space for living + work program Lower floor: working space for staff For about 20 employees company HYBRID SPACE Upper floor: living + working space for owner More closed to office space but flexible - LOFT - LOFT UNITS (36 working units) UNITS (36 units) LOFT & OFFICE (MEDIUM) Lower floor: space for staff OFFICE (24living units)+ work program - MEDIUM Hybrid space Hybrid forliving living space work for program Upper floor: ++working space for owner UNITS units) - LOFT office for(36 about 50 staffs For aboutOnly 20 For employees about 20 company employees company Hybrid space for living + work program More closedMore to office closed space to office but flexible space but flexible OFFICE (24 units) - MEDIUM For about 20 employees company - ENHANCED SECURITY Lower floor: working Lower floor: space working for staff space for staff Only office forclosed about staffs More to 50 office space but flexible Atrium and separated circulation the security Upper floor: Upper living +floor: working living space +vertical working for owner space for strengthen owner Lower floor: working space for staff

- OFFICE PEOPLE MOVEMENT TYPE (36 UNITS) - STANDARD SKYLOBBY SKYLOBBY B unit A unit TYPE (14 UNITS) LOFT Transfer at 46 46 floor floor Transfer at Transfer at-45LUXURY floor RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL 3 bedroom + 1 office 68F-76F (9 stories) maid 3 bedroom, room, aquarium, small pool R AREA TO MEDIUM OFFICE ANDfitness, LOFT - TRANSFER - LOFT PEOPLE MOVEMENT unit B 61F-67F (7 stories) -AREA TRANSFER TO MEDIUM AREA TO OFFICE MEDIUM AND OFFICE LOFT AND LOFT units each floor 3 Only bed 2rooms - VARIOUS THEME AREA - VARIOUS THEME AREA 3 (14 bedroom, fitness, maid room, aquarium, small pool Transfer at 46 floor (14LUXURY UNITS) - LUXURY TYPE- OFFICE TYPE UNITS) OPLE MOVEMENT Dedicated PEOPLE -BLURRED OFFICE MOVEMENT PEOPLE MOVEMENT elevator and- entrance TOILET 4 units each floor Only 2 units each floor BLURRED TOILET 61F-67F (7 stories) 61F-67F (7 stories) Transfer atMany 45 Transfer at 45elevator floor floor toilet booths for function such as urinal type, Dedicated and entrance at 45 floor A unit

at 46 floor

60 FLOOR PLAN

CHILD CARE

HYBRID SPACE

LOFT &LOFT OFFICE & OFFICE (MEDIUM) (MEDIUM)

PLE MOVEMENT

SCALE : 1/20 SCAL

59 FLOOR PLAN

CHILD CARE/ RESIDENTIAL SKYLOBBY

LOFT & OFFICE (MEDIUM)

HYBRID SPACE D SECURITY - LOFT UNITS (36 units) LOFT & OFFICE (MEDIUM) d separated vertical circulation strengthen theHybrid security space for living + work program

BBY

Loft

SCALE : 1/20 SCALE : 1/20

r: living + working space for owner

OFFICE (24 units) e for about 50 staffs rengthen the security

TRANSFER TO MIDEUM OFFICE ELEVATORS

PLAN ENLARGED FLOOR FLOOR PLAN ENLARGED (STANDARD TYPE(STANDARD 68-76 FLOOR) TYPE 68-76 FLOOR)

BLURRED TOILET/ BLURRED SLEEPING TOILET/ BOX/ SLEEPING CAFÉ/RESTAURANT BOX/ CAFÉ/RESTAURANT

44-46 FLOOR PL

2F SKY LOBBY 2F SKY (45F) LOBBY (45F)

SCALE :

44-46 FLOOR PLAN

TRANSFER TO TRANSFER MIDEUM OFFICE TO MIDEUM ELEVATORS OFFICE ELEVATORS

SCALE : 1/20

44-46 44-46 FLOORFLOOR PLAN

1F SKY LOBBY (44F) 1F SKY LOBBY (44F)

2F SKY LOBBY (45F) 2F SKY SCALELOBBY : 1/20 SCAL

BLURRED TOILET/ SLEEPING BOX/ CAFÉ/RESTAURANT BLURRED TOILET/ SLEEPING BOX/ CAFÉ/RESTAURANT

TRANSFER TO MIDEUM OFFICE ELEVATORS TRANSFER TO MIDEUM OFFICE EL

44-46 FLO RESIDENTIAL SKYLOBBY CHILD CARE - TRANSFER AREA TO MEDIUM OFFICE AND LOFR - OFFICE PEOPLE MOVE Transfer at 47 floor

RESIDENTIAL SKYLOBBY RESIDENTIAL SKYLOBBY Transfer at 48 floor CHILD CARE CARE CHILD - LOFT PEOPLE MOVE

STANDARD UNIT PLAN

LUXURIOUS UNIT PLAN Nursery bay 1

Nursery bay 2

Playground

Nursery bay 3

cafeteria kitchen

17

Office Play theater


WELDED CATWALK ASSEMBLY

PROJECTOR

SHADING

OFFICE 40F-41F

TELECOMMUNICATION ROOM

OPERABLE WINDOW (DOUBLE FAÇADE SYSTEM)

MAIN STRUCTURE (MEGA BRACING)

HVAC AIR DUCT

CHILLED/ HOT WATER PIPING

SPRINKLER

AIR SUPPLY

OPERABLE WINDOW (DOUBLE FAÇADE SYSTEM)

DOUBLE LAYER OF LOW-E GLASS WITH TRANSLUCENT INSULATION

SECONDARY STRUCTURE

Access FLOOR

WELDED CATWALK ASSEMBLY

OFFICE SECTION_40F-41F 18


STUDIO UINTS

ATRIUM 23F-26F

INDIRECT LIGHTING

SILICON STR CURTAINWAL SPRINKLER

AIR SUPPLY

DOUBLE L WITH TRA INDOOR LADSCAPE MAIN STRUCTURE

INDIRECT LIGHTING

ATRIUM SECTION_23F-26F 19


20


21


22


FOOD COURT 23


24


BOOK BAR 25


BIRD’S EYE VIEW 26


BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Computer-based system controls & monitors Building’s mechanical & electrical equipment -ventilation -lighting -power system -security system -fire system

Low-flow Sanitary Fitting - Primary means to reduce indoor water usage - Can reduce water usage by 30% - 40%

Water Reusage - Reuse of treated wastewater for beneficial purpose, such as irrigation, toilet flushing

GREEN ATRIUM Emit Oxygen Consume Carbon-dioxide

Natural Day Lighting in Basement - Floor openings allow natural lighting access - Increase the comfort level in basement

High Performance Exterior Wall - Double-pane window with Low-e glass - Double skin system - Operable Window

Email Enabled Office Mailbox - Ease mail delivery and management - time saving

Low Irrigation Plant - Less water usage - Less maintenance cost

SUSTAINABILITY 27


28


MODEL PHOTO by Sooho Park

View from William P. Fahey Bridge 29


CENTER OF JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM in TOKYO, JAPAN Graduate studio project in Spring 2014, professor Botond Bognar Team project : Sooho Park, Adam Garret Location : Omotesando st. Tokyo, Japan Program : hotel, book cafe, lecture hall, banquet, permanent & temporary exhibition, horizontal tube, Japanese spa

The Center of Architecture is to provide a transparent space for the public to visit, explore, and learn about current and historic architecture precedents. The building provides space for exhibitions as well as studios for students to work. The center also houses a small hotel, pool, spa, retail and coffee shops on the first and second stories. The lobby of the building opens to a book store and fast food restaurant below that accommodate the Omotesando station subway. The fourth floor is a place for the public to gather for lectures, seminars, and

Site plan

the sharing of knowledge and culture. An initial idea of weaving light sight and program relating to the fashion district has led us to route earthquake resistant structural columns through the floors. The columns also serve as main program space and vertical circulation. Our intention is to make a delicate free owing plan that communicates with an active street corner. The buildings transparency reveals itself to the public and welcomes them to participate.

Urban context N

Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of  yarns are interlaced at certain angles to form a fabric or cloth. Tokyo is one of the significantly busy and dense city among the world. Tokyo has been tightly interlaced with huge number of factors such as history, culture, topography and human relationship. They are interacting each other and forming Tokyo as Tokyo seems like. Omotesando is famous for fashion which uses fabric as its main resource.

N

Urban context

Main components

Structure 30

Site

Horizontal tube

Facade


Site

Design Process Threading The 2m wide and 2.4m height tube flies around the building creating interesting waved indoor space. The tube is for temporary exhibition of Japanese architecture.

Straight diagrid structure Designing straight and relatively small size of diagrid columns are for vertical circulation and path of natural light, and the columns also causes free floor plan which makes our design extraordinary.

Tilted structure containing program Tilted and large size of diagrid columns may provide some resistance to the dominant horizontal earthquake force and the columns contain the program inside such as lecture hall and banquet.

Front elevation

Rear elevation 31


Perspective from Aoyamadory St.

32


Lobby

N

33


FLOOR PLAN

SCALE : 1/ 200

N

Retail Book store Retail Retail

Book cafe

Retail Coffee Hall Lounge

Hotel check in

Reading

FLOOR PLAN

coffee

B1st FLOOR PLAN

1st FLOOR PLAN

ENTRANCE HALL / HOTEL LOUNGE / BOOK CAFE

RETAILS / COFFEE SHOP

SCALE : 1/ 200

RETAI L 0M

BREAKFAST TABLES

COFFEE

7. 4M

RETAI L

RETAI L

BREAKFAST

OFFICE

3. 0M

SEOUL

STO.... / EXHIBITION

KI TCHEN

7. 0M

CONFERENCE

1. 8M

KI TCHEN

CHI LDREN LEGO LAND ( ARCHI TECTURE)

STAFF ROOM

CHI LLED STORAGE

STAFF ROOM

2. 8M

2. 1M

6. 8M

TOKYO

3. 8M

OPEN BELOW OPEN BELOW

SHANGHAI

RESTAURANT HALL

CHI CAGO

BANQUET 1. 2M

LECTURE HALL 0M

2. 0M

4. 6M

2nd

FLOOR PLAN

FLOOR LEVEL +5M LEGO LAND ( ARCHI TECTURE AND URBAN) / RETAI LS

34

1. 0M

PERMANENT EXHIBITION

OPEN BELOW

I NDI VI DUAL ROOM

TEMP. EXHIBITION 2. 3M

2. 6M

3r d FLOOR PLAN

FLOOR LEVEL +9M RESTAURANT / KI TCHEN / HOTEL BREAKFAST

4th FLOOR PLAN

5th FLOOR PLAN

BANQUET HALL / LECTURE HALL / STORAGE / HORIZONTAL TUBE

PERMANENT EXHIBITION / TEMPORARY EXHIBITION / OFFICE


Exhibition circulation tube

Exhibition tube partial plan & section

Partial plan (Exhibition circulation tube)

Partial section (Exhibition circulation tube) 35


Structural diagram Gravity load Column

Column Column 5 5 5 Column 5

Column Column Column 11 1

Column Column Column 4

4

Column 1

Column 4

4

Column 2

Column 2 2 Column

Column 2 Column 2

Column 3

2

3 Column 3

Column Column 2 Column 2

Column Column 3

All gravity load act to the building spread to each diagrid column by its tributary area. Calculation of gravity load for 5 columns - Dead load : 70 p sf - Live load : office 70 p sf, library 150 p sf, retails 100 p sf, lecture hall 100 p sf, class room 50 p sf Column 2 gravity load : (Tributary area) x (1.2 dead load + 1.6 Live load+0.5 Roof live load)

The 5 diagrid columns consist various programs that contain its own loads, which are transferred through the sandwich floor system to the diagrid structure. The illustration above shows thin and light steel members (working as beam) supporting loads form floor and transferring to the column, and finally released to the ground.

Lateral load

5 diagrid tower handle all lateral loads. Diagrid structural system can carry gravity loads as well as lateral forces owing to their triangulated The diagonal members in diagrid structural systems can carry gravity loads as well as lateral forces owing to their triangulated configuration, whereas the diagonals in conventional braced frame carry only lateral loads. 36

Bamboo is well known for stiffness against wind load. The reason why bamboo may rises high without breaking is that it has joint every certain distance, and our structure has similar structure with bamboo. According to paper titled “Diagrid structural systems for tall buildings� , column angle between 53 degree and 76 degree is optimum angles for both gravity and lateral loads. Our building has various angles due to the irregular shape, but mostly designed from 60 degree to 75 degree , which means quite reasonable choice.


Rain

wa- ter

Energy saving strategy Reusing heating system

Passive cooling system Eco louver section

Rain

wa- ter

Evaporate -> taking heat -> cooling effect

Bio skin Porous ceramic pipes are made with soil. The rainwater collected from the surface of the rooftop and stored in the underground storage tank is pumped up and circulated throughout the pipes. The rainwater penetrates the porous ceramic and the evaporates from pipe surface, thereby cooling the surrounding air. This system actually work as decreasing temperature by 5 degree Rain F in the summer.

COMMON MECHANICAL SYSTEM

wa- ter Rain

wa- ter

CURTAIN WALL SECTION

PROPOSED MECHANICAL SYSTEM

Generally most of buildings have refrigerant machine called chiller which generates significant amount of heat everyday and through away that heat to the air through cooling tower. We propose to reuse the wasted heat for radiant floor heating system, which will save a lot of energy. Chiller generates chilled water as well as hot water, and the hot water are going to every floor for radiant floor heating, not going to cooling tower. to Even though, in winter, there might be less wasted heat, because people may not use air-conditioner, there should be certain amount heat generated from refrigerator in kitchen at third floor. 37


MODEL PHOTO by Sooho Park

38


View form Aoyamadory St.

Diagrid Column

Enlarged Diagrid Column

Enlarged Diagrid Column 39


TRAVELER’S INN, AUSTRALIA Graduate studio project in Fall 2014, Professor James P. Warfield Solo project Location : UNESCO world heritage in Australia Objective of studio : Designing small sized traveler’s inn at UNESCO world heritage in Australia

“One thing in your bucket list, traveling to Australia”

40


At the most westerly point of the Australian continent, Shark Bay, with its islands and the land surrounding it, has three exceptional natural features: its vast sea-grass beds, which are the largest (4,800 km) and richest in the world; its duong (sea cow) population; and its stromatolites. Shark Bay is also home to five species of endangered mammals.

This park, formerly called Uluru (Ayers Rock—Mount Olga) National Park, features spectacular geological formations that dominate the vast red sandy plain of central Australia. Uluru, an immense monolith, and Kata Tjuta, the rock domes located west of Uluru, form part of the traditional belief system of the oldest human societies in the world.

The 239,723 ha Purnululu National Park is located in the State of Western Australia. These outstanding examples of cone karst owe their existence and uniqueness to several interacting geological, biological, erosional and climatic phenomena.

Fauna

Fauna

Fauna

Vegetation

Vegetation

Vegetation

Physical feature

Physical feature

Physical feature

The basement rock in the area is Late Cretaceous limestone and chalk. The most extensive younger rocks are Peron sandstones and limestones. Gypsim has been formed as a result of evaporation of saline groundwaters within the sediments of broad tidal flats adjacent to areas such as Hamelin Pool. Tides wary with a spring range of 1.7m and a neap range of 0.6m.

Uluru major Amadeus sedimentary basin, the park comprises extensive sand plains, dunes and alluvial desert, punctuated by the Uluru monolith Kata Tjuta, some 32 km to the west. Altitude Uluru : 340 meters above the desert 862m above sea level Summit of Mount Olga at Kata Tjuta 546m above the desert 1,069m above sea level.

Purnululu National Park comprises four major ecosystems: the Bungle Bungle Mountain Range, wide sand plains surrounding the Bungle Bungles; the Ord River valley to the east and south of the Park; and limestone ridges.

Materials

Materials

Materials

Sustainability

Sustainability

Sustainability

41


SHARK BAY

COMMUNICATION WITH SEA ANIMALS

Australia is well known for extremely various kind of animals and plants. The site, Shark bay, also has many rear and valuable sea animals such as dugongs called sea cow, whale sharks, and sea lions. Travelers will have a great chance to commune with these sea animals via snorkeling or swimming. The inn of this site offers guests 3 different views to the sea. First, since living room and dining room is lower than sea level, people can view marine animals and plants right at the living room or dining room having meal with family. Second, each unit has its own infinite pool which has same level with sea. Lastly, above water view is provided at the bedroom on the second floor so that travelers can enjoy beautiful sunrise and sunset above the ocean. Tidal energy is considered for sustainability.

42


Unit plan

B1F FLOOR PLAN

1FL FLOOR PLAN

2ND FLOOR PLAN

43


ULURU NATIONAL PARK

UNDERSTANDING ABORIGINAL CULTURE

B

A

Uluru monolith has significant meaning to aborigines in Australia. Religious rituals are still often held today in the cave around the base of monolith. There are 2 reasons to place building underground. Firstly, aboriginal ancestors lived in the cave at Uluru monolith, so that guest can experience similar environment of their living. Secondly, the site is located in the desert area, which has large temperature differences between day and night. More consistent temperature at the underground will offer guest comfort temperature zone without excessive heating or cooling. Although it is underground house, natural ventilation and light is available thanks to the depressed path between A’ buildings. Becoming aborigine will be interesting experience through wearing their cloth, eating their food, and using their tool.

B

B

B A

B’

A’

A

A

A’

B’

44 B’


Unit plan

45


PURNULULU NATIONAL PARK WALKING IN THE SKY

The inn of this site is located in Bungle Bungle range which is the landform of Purnululu national park. The building is placed right between the steep rocks, connecting them physically. Since it requires long span like bridge, steel structure is selected with Vierendeel truss that has no diagonal members to maximize spatial efficiency and unobstructed great view. As floor material of bedroom is structural glass, guests might feel as they are walking in the sky. For those who may feel uncomfortable with glass floor, room size carpet will be provided. Wind energy is considered for the sustainability, so three wind turbines are suspended at the bottom of lower slab.

46


Unit plan

B1F FLOOR PLAN

1FL FLOOR PLAN

Construction Process

1. Prefabricated Vierendeel truss installation

2. Steel I beam installation

3. Poring concrete onto the steel deck plate

4. Unitized curtain wall installation

5. HAVG & exterior finish work

6. Interior finish work 47


0

48

2

5

10

20 (FT)


49


CONVERTIBLE TENSEGRITY DOME STRUCTURE Graduate studio project in Spring 2015 in Technische Universität München, Germany Location : Applicable anywhere Objective of studio : Designing 2m x 2m size convertible structure

Concept The ability to flex the fingers consists of a flexor muscles in the forearm and their tendons are inserted into the bones of the fingers. The bones on human’s fingers works as compression members such as steel or concrete, and tendons will be tension members like cables. When brain commends arm muscle to pull tendon (cable) to move forefinger, the muscle pulls tendon (cable) and then forefinger bone (steel) move toward the direction the tendon pulls. The structure has the same concept. It is called folding tensegrity. Biotensegrity Srine, experiment of project Polymelia

Plan

Rectangular tensegrity

Rectangular tensegrity by Rene Motro 4 struts are suspended in tension members. Discontinuous compression members in the sea of continuous tension members.

Hexagonal & triangular tensegrity caption

120 degree

Parameters The structure has axis generating triangular and hexagonal shape of patterns. The reason to design in triangular shape is that triangle is more stiff than rectangular shape in terms of structural stability. The 6 points in hexagonal pattern has 2 different height level: 3 high and 3 low points. This level differences help the structure build beautiful membrane which will work as tension member.

50


Section

Diagram

Flat phase

Flat phase 43

4M

43 4M

M

M

9M

M

18

18 9M

366

452

366

MM

MM

MM

M

Actuated phase

Actuated phase

4 43 43

4M

M

MM

9M

18 M 189

366 MM

452 MM

366

MM

MM

51


Structure and Joints Exploded structural element

Tensegrity members

1

Joints details 1

Edge connections

2

Hexagonal frame 2

3

Support

3

String

52

Members photos


1. CNC cutting

2. Sanding after CNC

3. Material components

4. Sanding joints

5. Assembling hexagonal ring

6. Glued hexagonal ring

7. All edge joints installed

8. Members connected

9. Without rubber bands yet

10. Rubber bands connected

11. Before actuated

12. After actuated

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55


Photograph by Matthias Kestel

56


Posters

C-DOME

C-DOME

CONVERTIBLE TENSEGRITY DOME

CONVERTIBLE TENSEGRITY DOME

SOOHO PARK BO ZHAO EXPERIMENTAL STRUCTURES LT Lehrstuhl f端r Tragwerksplanung

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rainer Barthel

SOOHO PARK BO ZHAO

T R A N S F O R M AT I O N

Dipl.-Ing. Architekt Eike Schling

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UNDERGRADUATE WORKS Re-birth of Gangu harbor, South Korea 60 Undergraduate studio project in Fall 2007

Coexistence of Physical and Virtual, South Korea 66 Undergraduate studio project in Fall 2006

Diagonal Parket, South Korea 70

Student design competition project in Fall 2007

59


REBIRTH OF GANG GU HARBOR in TONGYOUNG, SOUTH KOREA Undergraduate studio project in Fall 2007 Solo project Location : Ganggu harbor in Tongyoung, South Korea Program : historical museum, water sports plaza, art performing outdoor hall, statue park, sports park

1910

2015

The site is well known for the Battle of Hansando between Korean navy and Japanese navy in the Joseon Dynasty. Sun Sin Lee was a Korean naval commander, famed for his victories against the Japanese navy during the Imjin war, and is well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well. The Korean navy controlled by commander Sun sin Lee was settled at this site as military camp. However, Gangu harbor, the site of this project, has recently lost an old Tongyoung’s historical reputation as a hub for military and, is pushed out from rapid urbanization. Therefore it is getting people to turn away. I propose historical museum that may help citizen remind the importance of their own history and culture, and also precipitate tourists to have more interests to the site, Gangu harbor in Tongyoung.

60


SOOHO WORKS 20012 SOOHO WORKS 20012012

SITE ANALYSIS

SITEanalysis ANALYSIS Site

healing urban healing urban Urban healing

These days, there is a serious inconsistency in historic These days, there is serious inconsistency in problem historic These days, there is a problem that most approach ata the site of project. These hasofbeen are not aware of thehas importance of approach at sitepeaple of project. These problem been in the hiding behind people’s everyday life, and citizen do historicaleveryday site, and the problem is hidden behind in hiding behind people’s life, and citizen do not recognize the seriousness of the problem. Even people’s everyday life. Moreover citizen do not not recognize thethe seriousness of the problem. Even of own though site has important recognize the very seriousness of the meaning problem. Even though thehistory site has verywith important meaning of own though the site has very important meaning on war Japan, Gangu harbor is onlyofused history onaswar with Japan, Gangu is only usedof own history warharbor withre-generation Japan. Gangu harbor a yacht basin. I ofpropose Gangu isI only used re-generation as a yacht basin. I propose reas a yachtharbor basin.through propose of Gangu healing program. generation of Gangu harbor through healing harbor through healing program.

Housing & Traffic network Green network Infrastructure commercial GreenGreen network Housing &Housing & Infrastructure network Infrastructure commercial Commercial

TrafficTraffic networknetwork

SITE VIEW

SITEview VIEW Site

program.

READING OF URBAN CONTEXT Urban context READING OF URBAN CONTEXT Urban layer Urban layer RELIC MUSEUM

Green layer

WEAPON RITUAL BLDG. RELIC MUSEUM

MEMORIAL Green layer PARK

WEAPON RITUAL BLDG.

MEMORIAL WARSHIP PARK AREA

FOLK HISTORY

FOLK HISTORY

WARSHIP AREA

LEE SUN CHIN LEE SUN CHIN FESTIVAL MAY FESTIVAL MAY FISHING FESTIVAL OCTOBER

Step 1. LAYER

Step 1. LAYERStep 1. LAYER

Step 2. MEMORY

Step 2. MEMORY Step 2. MEMORY

FISHING FESTIVAL OCTOBER

Step 3. CULTURE

Step 3. CULTURE Step 3. CULTURE

RE-BIRTH OF GANGU HARBOR RE-BIRTH OF GANGU HARBOR 02 61


Reinterpretation of site history REINTERPRETATION OF SITE HISTORY Phase PHASE1 1

BC BC1500 1500 Entrancetoto Entrance thethe Gangu Ganguwas harbor harbor closedclosed in to take in order to order to defend against defend against foreign attack.

foreign attack.

PERFORMANCE HALL OPENED-AIR THEATER

03 62

ACADEMIC WORKS

Phase 22 PHASE

BC1590 1590 BC Burning and and destruction Burning destruction the Gangu Gangu harbor due ofofthe harbor by Japanese invasion to Japanese invasionof tongjeyoung.

WATERFRONT PARK

Phase 33 PHASE

BC 1920 1920 BC Corner of has Corner of the theharbor harbor been reclaimed by Japan. has been reclaimed by Japan.

Phase 44 PHASE

BC1980 1980 BC After the the liberation, thethe After liberation, harbor become harbor becomeactive active due anincrease increase due to to an in in fisheries andmaritime maritime fisheries and traffic. traffic.

Phase 55 PHASE

BC BC2010 2010 Sprawl thethe coastal Sprawlofof coastal buildings form a giant form a vicinity of buildings wall,and and with wall, with thethe decline of fisheries fishing boats are decline of fisheries moored. fishing boats are moored.

WATERSIDE DECK


Sub ent

MEMORIAL ZONE - Memorial statue park (various sculptors of great man) - 153 parking

Sub ent

MAIN STRUCTURE - Gangu convention & exhibition center Main ent (museum, auditorium, multi purpose room, cafĂŠ, exhibition )

Car In/Out Sub ent

Sub ent PERFORMANCE ZONE - Opened air theatre (600 seats, performing traditional playing) - Cultural plaza - Reproducing traditional entertainment

MAIN WATERFRONT ZONE - Tour complex facility - Traditional artifact commercial shop - Sunken plaza - Water side deck

MARINE SPORTS ZONE - Yacht race -Water skis -Snorkeling - Water festivals

SPORTS ZONE - 1 Regular sized basketball court -2 badminton court -Service 12 parking -Toilet

0

10

30

60

100M

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64


Basement plan (level -3.8)

1. Exhibition 2. Book cafe 3. Store 4. Coffee shop 5. Information desk 6. Regional products shop 7. Mechanic room

ENTRANCE

1st floor plan (level 0)

2nd floor plan (level 7.8)

1. Theater 2. Hall 3. Office 4. Information

1. Lecture hall 2. Hall 3. Weapon exhibition 4. History exhibition

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COEXISTENCE OF PHYSICAL AND VIRTUAL Undergraduate studio project in Fall 2006 Solo project, Professor Gwangtae Lee Location : Odong-gong Changwon, South Korea Program : Game center, 3D game animation hall, e-sport, avatar cafe, social rooms, class room

Analogue

Digital

Human is a social animal who pursues a common purpose, and a sense of community from group they are engaged. Contemporaries commonly prefer individualism than communalism, and digital 3D games at on-line individually than traditional games at physical meeting with friends. In other words, humanity which is the original nature of Korean has degraded gradually. It is undeniable that the on-line game is one of the main cause of generation gap between young and old people, therefore I suggest to reform the negative characteristics of on-line game to positive one via architectural approach.

66


Difference of opinion about on-line game between aged and young generation Analog

Digital

vs

Hey, Online games are just self-devouring and means of escapism, therefore unproductive at all!

Nope, Internet games are not just simple game but they are kinds of entertainment culture and place where we communicate!

The site location, odongdong, had been recognized to central downtown of city in perspective of culture and economy. Dividing stream by two area physically separates new and old town just like opinion of people who live there. This project was an effort to remove or narrow this kind of existing gap between analog and digital.

67


Virtual Urban

Program process

1. Sensation

2. Mediation

3. Interaction

Stage of perception & recognition [Attractive plaza] Public relation office, miniature plaza, symbolic artifacts

Stage of connection & attachment

Stage of communication & sharing

[Multi-game plaza] E-sports room, character shop, event plaza

[Meeting plaza] Game society room, avatar cafĂŠ, sky-roof road

Design process

USB plays a role to connect computer, which is main tool for the entrance of virtual space, and other devices.

68

Plug USB in Physical urban

Eventually, physical urban meets virtual urban with collision, and huge cracks are formed while this process.


1

3

3

2

1

3

3

2

3rd floor plan

1. AVATAR CAFÉ 2. GAME SOCIETY ROOM 3.GROUPING ROOM

3

2 1 4

3

2 1

4

2rd floor plan 1.E-SPORTS ROOM 2. MULTI-PURPOSE HALL 3.SIMULATION ROOM 4.CLASS ROOM

3

4

2

1 5

5

5

3

4 6

6 5

2

1 5

5 6

1st floor plan

6 1.MAIN HALL 2. 3D GAME ANIMATION HALL 3.PROJECTION ROOM 4.INFORMATION 5.CLASS ROOM 6.CHARACTER SHOP

Physical Urban69


DIAGONAL PARKET FROM OCT. 2007 TO DEC. 2007 / TEAM PROJECT (SOOHO PARK, AHN BUSAN) MY ROLE MAKING DESIGN CONCEPT, VISUAL PRESENTATION, PHYSICAL MODEL LOCATION WANWULDONG, MASAN, GYUNGSANGNAMDO, KOREA

DIAGONAL PARKET

Student design competition project in Fall 2007 Team project : Sooho Park, Busan Ahn Location : wanwuldong Changwon, South Korea Program : traditional market, park (green space), convention hall, kids book store, bike rack

Vertical ascending of declining traditional Vertical ascending plan ofplan declining traditional market market About 10 years ago, traditional market of

About 10 years ago,was traditional market of Korea was Korea the place that not only meets the place that only meets requirements of thenot requirements of the people’s consumption desire but desire provides physical people’s consumption but channel provide of channel of communication.However, However, the recent marketis is physical communication. market slowly declining in prosperity and superseded slowly declining in prosperity and superseded by 24 by 24 hour supermarkets that depend on hour supermarkets dependequipment on artificial artificialthat lighting andlighting massive equipment in concrete. spite of at the daytime.

[ Parket ] : park + market

MIC WORKS

70


Concept Phase 1

Former markets have spread out horizontally, therefore dynamic events may occur between each retails.

Phase 3

Diagonal face overcomes the interlayer gap and dynamic events that used to be in traditional market may regenerate through tilted ramp.

Methodology Phase 2

Context

Codification

Amplification

Connection

Historical context

Statics dynamics

Fragment analysis

Connection

Historical context

Analysis frequency

Codification

Connection

Rivulet context

Analysis scene

Rivulet uncover

Connection Parket

Due to the densification, all retails expanded vertically and unified to the similar shape.

Phase 4

Continued activities may happen frequently and naturally, proposing new paradigm of market.

71


1. BOOK CAFE 2. E/V HALL 3. DEPOSITORY 4. ENTRANCE HALL 5. INFORMATION CENTER 6. COFFEE SHOP 7. MARINE MARKET

3

3

2

4

1. MARKET 2. E/V HALL 3. KIDS CAFE 4. KIDS BOOK STORE 5.REST ROOM6. SHOP 7. MARINE RESTAURANT

1

1

2

3

3

4

1 6

6 5

5

7

7

1st floor plan

1. MARKET 2.REST ROOM 3. EDUCATION CLASSROOM

1

1

ACADEMIC WORKS 72

2

3

3

3

3

3rd floor plan

21

1. MARKET 2.REST ROOM 3. COMMUNITY CROUP

1

2 3

2nd floor plan

4th floor plan


Site plan Linked to Banwool market

Expansion of meeting

Extension of education

Revival of commerce

3 1

4 5

2

1.KIDS CAFÉ 2.DEPOSITtORY 3.DEPOSITORY 4.RETAIL 5.COFFEE SHOP

1

2 3

3

4 5

6

6 7

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

9

1.ENTRANCE HALL 2.KIDS CAFÉ 3.DEPOSITORY 4.KIDS BOOKSTORE 5.BICYLE RENTAL 6.CONVENTION HALL 7.COFEE SHOP 8.MARKET 9.THEATER

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PROFESSIONAL WORKS Al ghadeer Residential Project, Abu Dahbi 76 Graduate studio project in Fall 2013

Gangnam District Design, South Korea 84 International housing architecture competition

Holong Bay Residential Tower, Vietnam 90 Concept design of mixed-use high-rise building

75


Al GHADEER RESIDENTIAL PROJECT, ABU DAHBI UAE Location : Seih Sdeirah, Abu Dahbi Site area : 3,123,065㎥, 8,984 units (1 Phase: 2,131 Units) Architect : Sunjin Engineering & Architecture, Developer : Sorouh Real Estate Huge scaled residence town including villa(154units), town house(518units), terraced house(798units), apartment(661units) and local amenities

4 2

12

8

3

11

10

1 9

2 5 6

12

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1 7

Legend 1. Mosque 2. Clubhouse 3. School 4. Entry Gateway 5. Natural Waterfall Park 6. Rainbow Park 7. Oasis Park 8. Promenade & Chess Park 9. Cloud Park 10. Forest Children Park 11. Arabic Breeze Park 12. Sports Parks


PRO • Si • Hu h MY • Dr • In • Ca • Co C

AL GHADEER RESIDENCE, ABU DAHBI

VILL

Legend VILLA - Type A VILLA - Type C TOWNHOUSE – TOWNHOUSE – TOWNHOUSE – TOWNHOUSE – MOSQUE

Type Type Type Type

A B B2 B2

TERRACED APARTMENT APARTMENT SCHOOL UTILITY PLANT CLUB HOUSE MOSQUE

SATELLITE PHOTOS BY GOOGLE EARTH

77


Al Ghadeer _ Design

Concept

3.1 General Principles

General Principles

Sustainability Sustainability Sustainability in modern and historical built

As opposed to heavy dependency on

Historic Context Context Historic Solid massing, courtyard spaces, archways

Quality Residential Residential Community Quality Community Residential units mixed with other uses

3.2 Urban Design Concept

vehicular transportation in the Middle East As opposed to heavy dependency on vehicular transportation in the Places of interaction, safe areas, squares and children’s Middle East play areas, essential for creating a cohesive community structure Places of interaction, safe areas, squares, and essential for creating a cohesive community structure

and corridors provide both passive design Solid massing, courtyard spaces, strategies and material opportunities archways and corridors provide both passive design strategies and material opportunities

Al Ghadeer _ Designto C oncept throughout the development ensure that Residential units mixed with other all community areas provide a lively uses throughout the development environment. to ensure that all community areas provide a lively environment.

Place Place

Continuity Continuity

Unity Unity

Interaction Interaction

environment Sustainability in modern and historical built environment

Interpretations of traditional Arabic

elements lay the foundation for creating Interpretations of traditional both community based on traditional Arabic elements the culture and customs, lay whilst allowing for the integrationfor of modern infrastructure foundation creating both and lifestyles. community based on traditional culture and customs, whilst - Unique building façade treatment and allowing for public space design the integration of modern - Trellis shading infrastructure and lifestyles. - Unique building façade treatment and public space design

78

Open Space Open Space&& Pedestrian Friendly Planning Pedestrian Friendly Planning

Various communities in the development

are linkedcommunities with streets and in promenades Various the which are designed for both pedestrian and development are linked with bicycle. streets and promenades which - Road and street structure are designed for both pedestrian - Bicycle paths and bicycle. - -Road and promenade street structure Pedestrian - -Bicycle paths Community open spaces with unique - Pedestrian promenade features as nodes

Individual residential building is designed to

respond typical and non-typical plot Individual residential building condition while its coordinated style and isdesign designed to make respond typical language a sense of community with the plot cohesive experience and non-typical condition of it. while its coordinated style and design language - Architecture design make a sense of- Coordinated community with the cohesive street furniture and open experience of it. space design

The blend of commercial spaces and public

open spacesofwithin the residential fabric The blend commercial spaces generates a balanced, commercially and and public open development. spaces within socially sustainable the residential fabric generates Street side retail area a -balanced, commercially and - Club houses socially sustainable development. - Street retail area - Public side open spaces - Club - Semihouses private courtyard and terrace - Public open spaces - Semi private courtyard and terrace


Node

Landmark

Node

Landmark

Legend

Legend Legend Landmark Landmark

Majorentrance Entrance Major Node Node Centralstreet Street Central Centralarea Area Central

Major Street Axis

Green Space Axis

Major street axis

Green space axis

Legend Legend

Legend Legend Streetscapeaxis Axis Streetscape

According to the hierarchy of open space, two main community park axes (neighborhood parks) shall become destination parks providing main visual corridors of master plan. 4 sub-community parks shall be defined

Greenspace Spaceaxis Axis Green

Green Greenspace Space

by demographics around in terms of program and character. In the lower hierarchy there are private courtyard and greens which will provide intimate and semi-private open space for amenity to the residents.

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80


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GANGNAM DISTRICT DESIGN MASTERPIECE HOUSING

06

International Housing architecture competition – Win for A5 district

GANGNAM DISTRICT DESIGN International housing architecture competition - won for A5 district MASTERPIECE HOUSING From Jul. 2010 to Oct. 2010 / Sunjin Engineering & Architecture collaborated with Architekten Cie (Netherland architecture firm where created concept drawing) Location : Segokdong gangnam, Seoul, South Korea

FROM JUL. 2010 TO OCT. 2010 / SUNJIN E&A COLLABORATED WITH ARCHITEKTEN CIE (NETHERLAND ARCHITECTURE FIRM) SiteROLE areaSITE : 70,100㎡ , building : 26,450㎡, gross floor area : 165,813㎡, MY ANALYSIS, MODELarea MAKING, UNIT DESIGN, CALCULATING FLOOR2,384 AREA,units CHECKING DOMESTIC LEGAL ISSUE SND CLIENT NEEDS LOCATION SEGOKDONG GANGNAM, SEOUL, KOREA SITE AREA : 70,100㎡ , BUILDING AREA : 26,450㎡ , GROSS FLOOR AREA : 165,813㎡ , 2,384 units

What do you think of current Korean housing?

Korean housing?!

84


I NS I DE

private Inside I NS I DE intimate private private intimate informal intimate informal securesecure informal secure

Outside

public OUT S IOUT DES I DE formal

public public uncertain less safe formal formal uncertain uncertainLess safe Less safe

Proposed green link connecting plots A3,A5 & A4

Proposed green link connecting plots A3,A5 & A4

posed green link connecting plots A3,A5 & A4

What is the Seoul Gangnam District Design Masterpiece ?

What is the Seoul Gangnam District

Design Masterpiece ? What is the Seoul Gangnam District Design Masterpiece ?

Perhaps given its peripheral location of the site, both geographica

Perhaps given its peripheral location of the site, both geographically and psychologically the edge of Seoul, the question can better be posed: what ca Perhaps givenyitson peripheral location of the site, both geographically and psychologicall on the edge of Seoul, the question can better be posed: what can the Seoul Gangnam y on the edge of Seoul, the question can better be posed: what can the Seoul Gangnam District Design Is it a subdivision? satellite city? District Design Master-piece be? Is it Master-piece a satellite city? Is itbe? a suburban Is it Is it a suburb Design Master-piece be? Is it a satellite city? Is itleisure a suburban subdivision? Is it j justDistrict a ‘Sleeping City’ a place where residents work and spend time in the city andand ust a ‘Sleeping City’ a place where residents work spend leisu ustcome a ‘Sleeping City’ where residents work and spend leisure time in the city an only to sleep? Canaitplace be more? d only come to sleep? Can it be more? d only come to sleep? Can it be more?   Creating community requires that residents are interconnected with one another and community requires that residents interconnected with one another and are areCreating empowered with a sense of ownership andare pride of place. Only by fostering these Creating community requires that residents are interconnected wit qualities can one hope to create a truly vibrant and self-sufficient empowered with a sense of ownership and pride of place. Onlyneighborhood. by fostering these qualit

empowered with a sense of ownership and pride ies can one hope to create a truly vibrant and self-sufficient neighborhood.

of place. Only by ies can one hope to create a truly vibrant and self-sufficient neighb

A landscape based design strategy – connect to the context

A landscape based design strategy – connect to the context Construction Cons t r uc t plan i on topography pl a n t opogr a phy

A landscape based design strategy – connect to the cont Cons t r uc t i on pl a n t opogr a phy existingtopography topography existing

proposed topography proposed topography

Exist and and proposed topography Exist proposed

topography

New Ne w proposed pr opos etopography d t opogr a phy

existing topography

existingtopography topography existing

proposed topography

topography Ne w pr opos eproposed d t opogr a phy

proposed topography

Ex

Exist and proposed topography Exist and proposed

topography

85

existing topography

proposed topography

Ex


SITE PLAN SITE PLAN

Why irregular blocks ?

Why irregular blocks ? Why irregular blocks ? Why irregular blocks ?

As a site and value specific prototype, the As a site blocks and value diamond are specific However, prototype, this the useful. diamond blocks are model requires further useful. However, this Asreconfiguration a site and when value requires further amodel detailed appreciation specific prototype, the reconfiguration when of the site blocks topography, diamond are a detailed appreciation required building useful. However, this of the site topography, volume, desired open required model requires further space areas, building given volume, desired open roadways and energy reconfiguration when spacesustainability areas, given and are a detailed appreciation roadways and energy considered. The of diamond the sustainability site block topography, and asarea required building considered. does The prototype not diamond block a exist on the site. asopen volume, desired prototype doesspecific not Instead it is adapted, deformed, clipped, etc. to match space areas, given exist on the site. local conditions, to create larger open spaces between blocks. roadways and specific energy Instead it is adapted, deformed, clipped, to match Every block has a unique form and thus aetc. district identity and and sustainability are local conditions, to create larger open spaces between blocks. character. The Every block has a unique form andconsidered. thus a district identity and character. diamond block as a

As a specific diamon useful. model reconfig a detail of the s required volume space roadwa and su conside prototype does not exist on the site. diamon Instead is adapted, deformed, etc. tothe match specific As aitsite and value specificclipped, prototype, diamond prototy Why the diamond ? requires local conditions, to create largerblocks open spaces between blocks. blocks are useful. However, this model further exist on Every block has a unique form and thusappreciation a district identity and reconfiguration a detailed of the Why thewhen diamond blocks ? character. FLAT it isrequired adapted, deformed, site Instead topography, building volume, clipped, desired etc. t openlocal spaceFLAT areas, given roadways energy and spaces conditions, to createand larger open sustainability are considered. The diamond block as a Every block hasonathe unique prototype does not exist site. form and thus a dis character.

Why irregular blocks ?

SLOPED

SLOPED Why diamond blocks Whythe the diamond blocks ? ?

FLAT There were some predetermined values from the brief which should be incorporated to the development of the building form. There were some predetermined values from the brief which should be incorporated to the development of the building 1. form. Maximum amount of South oriented units, minimum number of East-West units – This stipulated by the client to maximize value units, for theminimum overall 1. Maximum amount of property South oriented SLOPED development accordingunits to Korean values in number of East-West – This cultural stipulated by the relation ownership. client toto home maximize property value for the overall FLAT 2. 17 degrees off the East West axis (north by northeast) development according to Korean cultural values in is preferred – Toownership. control views from the development relation to home to the adjoining site West whereaxisthe(north Korean Security 2. 17 degrees off the East by northeast) Services building located. is preferred – To is control views from the development to the adjoining site where the Korean Security Services building is located.

Why the diamond blocks ?

86

There were some predetermined values from the brief which should be incorporated to the development of the building form.

SLOPED


Hierarchy of outdoor spaces HIERARCHY OF OUTDOOR SPACES

PUBLIC PublicSPACE space

HIERARCHY OF OUTDOOR SPACES

COMMUNAL SPACE Communal space PRIVATE PrivateSPACE space PUBLIC SPACE COMMUNAL SPACE PRIVATE SPACE

1.PUBLIC SPACE – unmonitor ed, unsecured, freely accessible to all residents and visitors. By combining public space with ve hicular infrastructure, site circul 1.PUBLIC SPACE – unmonitor ation, retail functions, and some ed, unsecured, freely accessible residential facades, is possible to all residents and itvisitors. By to provide an environment. combining public space with ve 2. COMMUNAL SPACE – thes hicular infrastructure, site circul eation, spaces arefunctions, focused within the retail and some courtyard the blocks shar residentialoffacades, it is and possible ed provide among residents within an in to an environment. dividual block SPACE – thes 2. COMMUNAL PRIVATE SPACE within – thesethe sp e3. spaces are focused aces are specific to ground courtyard of the blocks andboun shar dedunits within each block. among residents within Since an in there areblock certain ground bound dividual units which can be at the base 3. PRIVATE SPACE – these spo f fairly towers, these boun units aces arelarge specific to ground thewithin privilege owning as dhave units eachofblock. Since mall outer space. ground bound there are certain units which can be at the base o f fairly large towers, these units have the privilege of owning a s mall outer space.

SATELLITE PHOTOS BY GOOGLE EARTH

Satellite Google earth SATELLITEphotos PHOTOSby BY GOOGLE EARTH

4/ 8/ 2010

12/ 16/ 2012

4/ 8/ 2010

12/ 16/ 2012

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Progress 12%

Progress 16%

Progress 19%

Progress 20%

Progress 27%

Progress 34%

Progress 36%

Progress 44%

Progress 48%

Progress 58%

Progress 62%

Progress 70% 89


1.5 km SITE M eans islets in H along bay

HOLONG BAY RESIDENTIAL TOWER, VIETNAM HANOI 130km

H ALON G BAY

Concept design of Mixed-use high-rise building, residential and commercial, project in Vietnam From Apr. 2009 to Jun. 2009 / Sinjin E&A Location : Halong bay, Quangninh, Vietnam Site area : 15,000㎡, Building area : 4,353㎡, Gross floor area: 31,772㎡

VIEW FROM 2KM HEIGHT GR EEN N ETW OR K LOW - R ESIDEN CE

View from 15km height

VIEW FROM 15KM HEIGHT

OCATION & DESCRIPTION H AN OI

g Bay is a UNESCO World Heritage SITE Site, and a 133km travel destination, located in Quang Ninh province am. k was to preserve the great natural environments mbrace them. 1,126km

H IGH R ISE BUILDIN5Gkm

SITE

W ATER FR ON T DISTR ICT

Bai chay bridge

3 km 1.5 km

LOW - R ESIDEN CE

H CM C

GR EEN N ETW OR K

SITE M eans islets SITE LOCATION & DESCRIPTION in H along bay

VIEW FROM 15KM HEIGHT

Ha Long Bay is a UNESCO World Heritage

SITE LOCATION & DESCRIPTION Site, and a popular travel destination,

HANOI 130km

H ALON G BAY

located in Quang Ninh province, Vietnam. Ha Long Bay is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and a My task was to preserve the great nature popular travel destination, located in Quang Ninh provinceView from 2km height and embrace them with the project. , Vietnam. My task was to preserve the great natural environments and embrace them.

5 km

VIEW FROM 2KM HEIGHT GR EEN N ETW OR K Bai chay bridge

3 km

LOW - R ESIDEN CE 1.5 km H AN OI SITE 133km

SITE

Islands in islets M eans in H along Halong bay bay

W ATER FR ON T DISTR ICT

1,126km

H IGH R ISE BUILDIN G

SITE HANOI 130km

H ALON G BAY VIEW FROM 2KM HEIGHT GR EEN N ETW OR K

LOW - R ESIDEN CE

H CM C

GR EEN N ETW OR K LOW - R ESIDEN CE H AN OI SITE 133km

90 1,126km

W ATER FR ON T DISTR ICT

SITE

H IGH R ISE BUILDIN G


PROPOSAL ALTERNATIVE ALT-1 normal Proposal alternative PROPOSAL ALTERNATIVE ALT-1 normal

ELEVATION DESIGN PHASE ALT-2 Appropriate

ALT-3 normal

1. Given mass

2. Separation

Elevation design phase ELEVATION DESIGN PHASE

PLAN

PLAN

ALT-2 Appropriate

ALT-3 normal

90º 1. Given mass

2. Separation90º PLAN

PLAN

90º

Low privacy

Make large solid mass

3. Podium 3. Podium 90º

community

Disadvantage Closed view between 2 Disadvantage massClosed view between 2 mass

Advantage High privacy

4. Connection

PLAN PLAN

4. Connection 90º

90º

Advantage High privacy

Disadvantage Closing inner court Disadvantage Weak commercial at Closingininner court backside shop Weak in commercial at backside shop

PODIUM

PODIUM

Divided to podium & tower

DividedStable to podium & tower in visual balance Stable in visual balance

PLAN PLAN

90º

TOW ER

INNER COURT

Cross

community Advantage Emphasis facade HighAdvantage privacy Emphasis facade Extensive Inner court High Connect privacy by cross Extensive Inner court community Connect by cross

Separate mass to secure view and wind way

TOW ER

Wide shop volume forward to main road

Disadvantage IncreaseDisadvantage west side view unit Increase west side view Low privacy unit

Cross community

INNER COURT

Separate mass to secure view and wind way

TOW ER

Advantage Increase ocean view unit Advantage Wide shop volume forwardIncrease to mainocean road view unit

INNER COURT

TOW ER

INNER COURT

Make large solid mass

INNER COURT

INNER COURT

SOLID M ASS

SOLID M ASS

SOLID M ASS

SOLID M ASS

90º

PODIUM

PODIUM

Cross mass for community

CrossDifferent mass for community material in cross part Different material in cross part

WIDEWIDE PANORAMA FROM OCEAN TOTO SITE PANORAMA FROM OCEAN SITE

Site Site

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Podium tower design phases PODIUM & &TOWER DESIGN PHASES Plan Plan design design phase 1. Given mass

PODIUM & TOWER DESIGN PHASES

2. Separation

Plan design phase 2. SeparationW ind

1. Given mass

way

W ind way

Make L-shape mass

Separate mass to secure view and wind way

Make3. L-shape mass Segment

Separate mass to secure 4. Connection view and wind way

3. Segment

4. Connection

W ide view W ide view

Connect mass for organic community

Segment for wide view

Connect mass for organic community

Segment for wide view

Typicalfloor floorplan plan Typical

Typical floor plan

C_TYPE

C_TYPE

A_TYPE

A_TYPE

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39

PROFESSIONAL WORKS

92

PROFESSIONAL WORKS

B_TYPE

B_TYPE

B_TYPE

B_TYPE

C_TYPE

C_TYPE

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D_TYPE


Landscape plan LANDSCAPE PLAN LANDSCAPE PLAN

A.PLAYGROUND ENTRANCE E.PLAYGROUND E.PLAYGROUND F.POND F.PONDG.SWIMMINGPOOL G.SWIMMINGPOOLH.BENCH H.BENCH I.ROOF GARDEN J.GREENAREA K.GREENAREA L.DECK A.PLAYGROUNDB.CAFETERIA B.CAFETERIA C.CAFETERIA C.CAFETERIA D.CAR D.CAR ENTRANCE I.ROOF GARDEN J.GREENAREA K.GREENAREA L.DECK

A.A.

B.

C.C.

D.D.

L. L.

E.E. AA E E

DD

J

F. F.

G. G.

J

I

B C B C

G G F F

H. H.

L

I D

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K. K H

I. I.

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K

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HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUTE

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EXTRA RESERCH WORKS Hong Kong Design Institute, Hong Kong 96 Structural Analysis Arch502 Structural Planning Course

Blue Cross Tower, Chicago USA 100 Construction Document Analysis Arch544 Integrative Building Design

95


HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUTE, HONG KONG _ STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS Arch502 Structural planning course in Spring 2014, professor Sudarshan Krishnan Team paper : Sooho Park, Youngwook Park, Elnaz Rad Location : 3 King Ling Road, Tseung Kwan, Hong Kong Objective of the course : Select one of the renown building and analyze its structural system

2.

GRAVITY LOADS 2-4) Structural concept

Architects : CAAU Location : 3 King Ling Road, Tseung Kwan O, Hong Kong Project Leaders : Thomas Coldefy, Isabel van Haute HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUE Associate Architects, P & T Group ARCH 502 TEAM 13_SOOHO PARK, YOUNGWOOK PARK, ELNAZ RAD Area : 42000.0 sq m Year : 2010 Structural Engineering : ARUP Hong Kong MEP Engineering : PBA Hong Kong Landscape Architects : ACLA Hong Kong Acoustics : SHEN, MILSOM & WILKE Hong Kong Budget : 78,212,112 â‚Ź Client : Vocational Training Council Hong Kong * CAAU won the project at a competition held in

The structural system can be explained by fundamental concepts with diagrams. This will 2006

explain how the towers are supporting the platform. load diagram

Structure configuration

25m

Shear diagram

Bending moment diagram

96

Figure 11. Structure configuration

(-)

The composite reinforced concrete/steel trellis – with diagonal beams in steel and lower frameworks in reinforced concrete are 50mthe major structural 25m components which handle the gravity loads, especially the enormous platform which spans an area of 100m X 100m (328 ft X 328 ft). To correct the deformation produced by its own weight, the entire platform was given a counter-balance. The overhangs and back spans are appropriately proportioned to prevent uplift of the towers. Shear diagram and bending moment diagram shows (-) sign of bending moment diagram, which means the platform would be sagged at the end of platform. However, post-tension concrete slabs help the platform to manage its stability. The following diagrams illustrate different scenarios of deflection of the platform depending on the spacing of the supports. (-)


HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUE HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUE

Structural concept

ARCH 502502 TEAM 13_SOOHO PARK, YOUNGWOOK PARK, ELNAZ RAD ARCH TEAM 13_SOOHO PARK, YOUNGWOOK PARK, ELNAZ RAD

2.2. GRAVITY LOADS GRAVITY LOADS 2-4) Structural concept 2-4) Structural concept ForForgaining gainingstructural structuralinsights, insights,assume assumethat thatthe thespan spanbetween betweentwo twosupports supportsis is80m 80m(263 (263ft).ft).AsAs illustrated in in Figure 6, 6, the maximum bending moment at at mid span increases substantially and soso will illustrated Figure the maximum bending moment mid span increases substantially and will the deflection. When the span is is reduced toto 20m (66(66 ft)ft) (Figure 14), the bending moment at at midpoint the deflection. When the span reduced 20m (Figure 14), the bending moment midpoint decreases toto the point which the span outside ofof the supports deflect. Since the loads from the platform decreases the point which the span outside the supports deflect. Since the loads from the platform is is enormous, the connection toto the towers was a crucial matter. AA series ofof connectors were carefully enormous, the connection the towers was a crucial matter. series connectors were carefully researched and placed soso that the towers’ diagrid structure can transfer the gravity loads toto the ground. researched and placed that the towers’ diagrid structure can transfer the gravity loads the ground. These elements must bebe capable ofof supporting significant loads. These elements must capable supporting significant loads.

The main structural system is a diagrid, so that the four piers ensure global stability and lateral stiffness, which is derived from the image below. The four fingers (towers) support the book (platform) with sufficient stability and balance. There are four main spaces in the building: 1) the podium for recreational activities; 2) the open plaza for open space galleries; 3) the towers for teaching facilities; and 4) the ‘floating platform’ for collaborative works. For the four towers, they employed a composite structure: vertical steel trellis structure called “diagrid” with reinforced concrete beam-slab floor systems that ensure overall stability and lateral stiffness. It also supports both the floating platform, which spans an area of 100 m x 100 m (328 ft X 328 ft), and a 60m (197 ft) long escalator. The upper frameworks are pre-stressed and post-stressed, which adds to the rigidity of the reinforced concrete slabs thus reducing sagging that might result in applied loads over time. This is the pioneering first project in Hong Kong to adopt a steel diagrid structural system.

HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUTE

10m10m

80m80m

10m10m

Shear diagram Shear diagram

Bending moment Bending moment diagram diagram

40m40m

20m20m

40m40m

Shear diagram Shear diagram

Bending moment Bending moment diagram diagram (+)(+)

Deflection Deflection

Figure 13.13. shear and bending moment diagram Figure shear and bending moment diagram (Long span) (Long span) *This profile assumes no no selfself weight, therefore, under selfself *This profile assumes weight, therefore, under weight, thethe slope may look as as weight, slope may look

(-)(-)

For gaining structural insights, assume that the span between two supports is 80m (263 ft). As illustrated in left diagram, the maximum bending moment at mid span increases substantially and so will the deflection. When the span is reduced to 20m (66 ft), the bending moment at midpoint decreases to the point which the span outside of the supports deflect. Since the loads from the platform is enormous, the connection to the towers was a crucial matter. A series of connectors were carefully researched and placed so that the towers’ diagrid structure can transfer the gravity loads to the ground. These elements must be capable of supporting significant loads.

Deflection Deflection

Figure 14.14. shear and bending moment diagram Figure shear and bending moment diagram (Short span) (Short span)

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HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUE

The platform’s dead loads and live loads are transferred through the co

ARCH 502 TEAM 13_SOOHO PARK, YOUNGWOOK PARK, ELNAZ RAD

beam-slab system to the steel diagonals, and to the diagrid towers thro

towers consists various programs that contain its own loads, which are slab, and to the diagrid structure as well.

2. GRAVITY LOADS Gravity loads 2-1) Dead and Live load Dead and Live load

Gravity load path diagram

Uniform Live + Dead load

Key

A-A SECTIO HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUE

ARCH 502 TEAM 13_SOOHO PARK, YOUNGWOOK PARK, ELNAZ RAD

2.

GRAVITY LOADS 2-2) Gravity load resisting system

* Enlarged load path of this part diagram at appendix

The gravity load resisting system is a composite system: slab-beam system and vertical trellis system, also known as a “diagrid”. The diagrid system is the primary gravity load resisting system. Since the

Figure.10

Figure 9. gravity load

platform has the most load acting on the whole structure, the load transfer from the platform to the path diagram

Figure 7. Overall gravity load towers is crucial. Connectors are placed at every corner and sides of the tower, which resisting system

have designed

the connectors to be strong enough to accomplish a feasible load transfer to the diagrid towers.

Overall gravity resisting system Despite its extensive cantilever, uplift is load not a problem because of Its heavy self-weight. A7

A9

A13

A15

A17

AE

AC

AA

A5

consideration for loads is the frequent heavy rain in the region, especially during the summer months.

ARCH 502 STRUCTURAL PLAANING _PROFESSOR SUDARSHAN

10

AO

AM

(Appendix Figure 14)

AK

AI

Connection of the two systems creates a structure that acts as one integral system. Another

A3

AG

The primary load it should resist is the load from the 100m X 100m (328 ft X 328 ft) floating platform, which contains with loads including: library, studios.platform, Within the The primary load itmajor shouldprograms resist is the loadheavy from the 100m X 100m (328 ft Xoffices, 328 ft) floating platform, the beam-slab system and steel diagonal trusses are help support the platform, and connects to the towers. The four containing various unique disciplines, also have a beamwhich contains major programs withtowers, heavy loads including: library, offices, studios. Within the platform, slab system. Connection of the two systems creates a structure that acts as one integral system. Another consideration loads is the frequent heavy rain in region,and especially the beam-slab system and for steel diagonal trusses are help support thethe platform, connectsduring to the the summer months. towers. The four towers, containing various unique disciplines, also have a beam-slab system.

Figure 8. Overall gravity load resisting system

11

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3. LATERAL LOADS Lateral loads Dead and Lateral Live loadload path diagram

Steel truss

RC slab and beam

The diagonal members in diagrid structural systems can carry gravity loads as well as lateral forces owing to their triangulated configuration, whereas the diagonals in conventional braced frame carry only lateral loads. The lateral stiffness of diagrid structures is desirable not only for static loads but also for dynamic loads which generate responses in both the windward and acrosswind directions. In most cases, the lateral motion in the across-wind direction due to vortex shedding is much greater than the motion in the windward direction. wind Stiffer structures have a lower probability of the vortex frequency locking on a modal frequency because, as a structure’s fundamental frequency increases, the wind velocity required to cause a lock-in condition also increases. Thus, owing to their greater lateral stiffness, diagrid structures are less prone to a lock-in condition. Horizontal load path by truss Basically, four diagrid towers resist all lateral loads the Horizontal load path by beam building acts. According to diagram, red colored diagrid Vertical load path by diagrid columns resist all direction wind forces transferred through reinforced concrete beams and steel truss. And then the loads transfer to ground. HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUTE

3. LATERAL LOADS

3. LATERAL LOADS Between 53° and 76° are optimum angles

floor framing plan Lateral load8th resisting system

Diagrid structure elevation

14 m (46 ft) A5

direction 29 m (95 ft) A7

25 m (82 ft) A9

25 m (82 ft) A13

A15

7m A17

AA

A3

N-S wind

21 m (69 ft)

AG

63 m (213 ft)

AE

AC

14 m (46 ft)

33 m (108 ft) AI

100 m (330 ft)

AK

65 AM

18 m (60 ft)

AO

14 m (46 ft)

8th FLOOR FRAMING PLAN

HONG KON

HONG KONG DESIGN INSTITUTE

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PHASE 1_Organization BLUE CROSS TOWER BLUE CROSS TOWER in CHICAGO IL, USA _ CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT ANALYSIS Arch544 Integrative Design of Buildings course in Spring 2014, Professor Michael Kyong-il Kim, Ph.D., AIA Building overview Team paper : Sooho Park, Youngwook Park, Dustin Piercy, Hu Peng Location : 300 E. Randolph St. Chicago, Illinois, US Objective of the course : Select one of the high rise building and thoroughly scrutinize its construction documents

● ● ●

Building overview Type : Office Location : 300 E. Randolph St. Chicago, Illinois, US • Type : Office started : 1995(phase 1), 2007(phase • Construction Location : 300 E. Randolph St. Chicago, Illinois, US 2) • Construction started : 1995(phase 1), 2007(phase 2) Completed :1997(phase 1), 2010(phase 2)

Completed :1997(phase 1), 2010(phase 2) • Height : 243m (797 ft) ● • Height : 243m Floor : 57 (797 ft) • Architect ● Floor : 57 : Lohan Associates(phase 1) Goettsch Partners(phase 2) ● • Architect : Lohan Associates(phase 1) Structural engineer : Magusson Klemencic Associates

Goettsch Partners(phase 2) ● Structural engineer : Magusson Klemencic Associates

PHASE 1_Organization

PHASE 1_Organization

Site plan

Site plan

N

Figure 1. Construction photo of Blue cross building Left photo shows the 2nd phase construction and right one shows the construction has completed.

Main entrance of the building faces Randolph st. on ground floor level and vehicle entrance is designed on B2 floor. Receiving & Shipping area is located on B3 floor which is the lowest floor. The north part of site is designed as plaza, which need to resist future construction load. For phase 2 construction, because most of construction materials was transferred via this plaza, the structure of the plaza had to be stiff enough.

Plaza Access to Plaza

Access to Plaza

Sub ENT

Sub ENT

N. Columbus Dr.

The building is located the corner of Randolph st. and N Columbus st. The health care service corporation, client, chose this site because the site has nice open view to the Grand park and lake. Also at that time, there was not as many skyscrapers as present so that the property was relatively cheap, and no health insurance company, which is competitor of Blue cross, around the site.

N. Columbus Dr.

Site plan

Main entrance o st. on ground flo designed on B2 area is located o floor. Pl The north part which need to re Sub ENT For phase 2 co construction ma plaza, the structu enough.

ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 01 Lobby

Lo Sub ENT Sub ENT

Sub ENT

Access to Plaza

Main ENT

100

Figure 3. Site plan

M E

E. Ranadolph st.

Figure 4. Site plan This plan shows the access and transportation

This

AR


PHASE 1_Organization

BLUE CROSS TOWER

Elevator & Escalator Quantity Take-off

Elevator Elevator & Escalator Quantity Take-off In Blue Cross Tower, 23 elevators and 10 escalators are found. Two major elevator banks work for passengers, each of which has 8 elevators. 3 service elevators and 2 elevators to parking/conference level are placed in the east core, while the west core has 1 elevator for pedestrian way and 1 elevator for mailing delivery.

Elevator Quantity: Elevator Quantity: Passenger: 16 Passenger: 16 Low rise: 8 Low Highrise: rise: 88 Service: 3 High rise: 8 Service: Parking: 2 3 Pedway: 1 2 Parking: Mail/Messenger: Pedway: 1 1 In total: 23 Mail/Messenger: 1 In total: 23 Escalator Quantity: Shipping - Parking: 2

Escalator ParkingQuantity: - Conference: 2 Shipping- Lobby: - Parking: 2 Conference 4 Parking - Conference: 2 Lobby - Dining: 2 In total: 10 Conference - Lobby: 4 Lobby - Dining: 2 In total: 10 Figure 13. Lobby Level Plan This drawing is showing the elevator ‘s and escalator’s locations & quantity on the lobby level.

Elevator Riser Diagram In Blue Cross Tower, 23 elevators and 10 escalators are found. Two major elevator banks work for passengers, each of which has 8 elevators. 3 service elevators and 2 elevators to parking/conference level are placed in the east core, while the west core has 1 elevator for pedestrian way and elevator forfloor mailing delivery. floor would be the 1crossover where people

Elevator Riser Diagram

15th have access to both banks of passenger elevators. This 15th floor would be the crossover floor people is done because thewhere building is the have headquarter for one access to both banks company. of passenger is done By elevators. having a This crossover level, it is more because the building is the headquarter one company. convenient for the for transportation between different By having a crossoverdepartments level, it is more the of theconvenient company. for Employees would not transportation between departments of to the have different to go to the lobby to change another elevator company. Employees bank. would not have to go to the lobby to

ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 14

change to another elevator bank.

The Pedway and Mail elevators are sharing the same

The Pedway and Mail elevators are sharing the same mechanic room. mechanic room.

Figure 14. Elevator Riser Diagram This drawing is showing how the elevators are operated in the building.

101


Underground (separated structure)

Structure

Structural Systems

The building has two different structure, RC structure at plaza basement and steel structure at high rise The building has The two reason different structure, RCseparated structure is that the tower. why they has at plaza basement and has steel structure at high two buildings different gravity loads,rise lateral loads, tower. Theand reason why they has building separated is that the as single movement. If the was designed two buildings has different gravity loads, loads, is highly structure, huge damage at thelateral connection and movement. If the building was designed as single expected. structure, huge damage at the connection is highly expected. Why ?

There are two separate structures: steel and concrete. The tower, including the basement levels, is a steel structure with a concrete core. The basement level underneath the plaza is a reinforced concrete structure. The two are Wind different because of the lateral load difference. The tower will behave differently because of greater lateral forces, such as wind. The plaza also was a construction platform for the extension, so it needed to take more gravity loads in the future, which makes sense to have a rigid concrete structure. The building has two different structure, RC structure at plaza basement and steel structure at high rise tower. The reason why they has separated is that the two buildings has different gravity loads, lateral loads, and movement. If the building was designed as single structure, huge damage at the connection is highly expected.

Why ? Wind

Tower = Steel structure key

Tower = Steel structure key

Gravity load

Gravity load

If not ? If not ?

Figure 44. separated structure diagram The diagram shows why the building should bestructure separated into two building. Figure 44. separated diagram The diagram shows why the building should be separated into two building. Structural Behavior

Basement (below plaza) = Reinforced concrete Basement (below plaza) structure = Reinforced concrete structure

Figure 45. Structural section This section shows different structure system. Orange marked is RC,Figure and blue part is steel structure. This drawing is showing the twopart separate structures of the building 45.marked Structural section

This section shows different structure system. Orange marked part is RC, and blue marked part steel structure. ARCH 544isINTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 5

Structural behavior with concrete core

ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 51

The left is showing the core without the shear which is not sufficient compared to its height. It will easily fail due to high wind loads. The right illustrates the core and shear walls working as one system, which adds to the lateral stiffness. When wind blows from south the core’s south wall will take tension and the shear wall will take compression

Core & Shear wall (Lobby)

VS

VS

Figure 25. This drawing is showing the layout of the core and shear walls on the lobby level

Core & shear wall

The architect wanted an open and uniform aesthetic, so adding a huge concrete wall was not ideal, and for the floor plate allowed, the core couldn’t get any larger. The total building height is 464 ft. According to the slenderness ratio, h/13, the core (38 ft deep) alone is too shallow to handle the lateral load. Adding the shear walls gain lateral support, which can satisfy the feasible lateral stiffness. The following diagram illustrates how this makes a big difference.

102

This drawing showing the difference in in deflections oftwo two systems Figure 26. This is drawing is showing the difference deflections of systems


ASE 3_Enclosure

BLUE CROSS TOWER

Enclosure

Typical Curtain Wall Detail Unitized Curtain Wall System

Blue Cross Blue toShield usescurtain a unitized curtain Compared “Stick-Built” wall system, unitized wall curtain wall system has many advantages. system rather than stick-built. Due to the building First of all, unitized curtain wall system is pre-fabricated to minimize the on-site installation, so asrepetition to speed up the construction. Also, it is safer for workersisto hang up each unit of the height and in geometry, a unitized system curtain wall. Since it is pre-fabricated in factory, it has better quality control. the moreSome feasible ofunitized the two. cons of curtain wall system include that it is more expensive than “StickBuilt” curtain wall system and less tolerable on construction errors.

3_Enclosure The unitized made up wall of system, a spandrel In eachsystem unit of theis unitized curtain itPHASE has twowhich major panels. One is the spandrel panel and the other one is vision panel. The spandrel panel consists of the parts. One is consists stainless of a stainless steel panel and frittedpanel glass steel and the other is fritted glass. The vision uses glass. Unit The overall size also of each unit isclear 5’x13’2”, while the stainless steel takes over 5’x1’, fritted glass panel. The system uses vision glass located 5’x3’8”, and clear glass 5’x7’. In each unit of the unitized curtain wall system, it 0’-36” from the top of the floor slab to the ceiling. has two major panels. One is the spandrel panel Blue Cross Blue Shield uses a unitized curtain wall and system rather stick-built. Due to the other onethan is vision panel. the building height and repetition in geometry, a unitized system is the more feasible of curtain wall attachment is to the face of The thespandrel floorpanel consists of the parts. One is the two.

The stainless steel and the other is fritted glass. The vision panel uses glass. slab. TheThe attachment is bolted into the floor slab. The unitized system is made up of a spandrel which consists of a stainless steel panel and fritted glass The system also uses clear 0’-36” the while top of Theglass overalllocated size of each unit from is 5’x13’2”, the system allows forpanel. flexibility in curtain wallvision placement stainless steel takes over 5’x1’, fritted glass 5’x3’8”, the floor slab to the ceiling. and clear glass 5’x7’. in the x, y, and z directions to account for construction The curtain wall attachment is to the face of the floor slab. The attachment is bolted into tolerances. BLUE CROSS TOWER

BLUE CROSS TOWER

One Unit

Stainless Steel 5’x1’ Fritted Glass 5’x3’8”

Clear Glass 5’x7’

the floor slab. The system allows for flexibility in curtain wall placement in the x, y, and z directions to account for construction tolerances.

One Unit

One Unit

Stainless Steel 5’x1’ Fritted Glass 5’x3’8”

Clear Glass 5’x7’

Figure 63. Typical curtain wall detail This detail shows how and which materials are constructed and how they are attached to the floor slab.

Figure 62. Curtain wall unit This drawing is showing the unit of unitized curtain wall system. ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 61

ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDING 103


Mechanical Water system

Water and refrigeration flow diagram The refrigerant machine (called chiller) has two main part, evaporator and condenser. The refrigerant such as CFCs or HCFCs takes heat when they change the phrase from liquid to the gas at low pressure in evaporator so that they can provide chilled water to AHUs. And the refrigerant releases heat when they change from gas to liquid at high pressure in condenser. The released heat is transferred to the condenser water and thrown away via cooling tower. The circulation of this water flow continues and keeps providing chilled water to AHU to make comfort indoor environment. The building does not have Refrigerant machine (chiller) on their own. But the ice company called “Unicom� has huge RM and provide chilled water to the Blue cross tower, and that is the reason why the building provide chilled water even to the tenants. (Usually condenser water is served for the tenants)

Water and refrigeration diagram This rise diagram shows how chilled water and condenser water flows and works. 104


174,000 cfm

17th floor- Mechanical floor 17th floor is main mechanical floor where the major AHUs are located. The fresh air supply and exhaust air surface 145,400 cfm are facing to different orientations to maintain the air quality. The overall amount of fresh air is a little more than the exhaust on this floor because the building has some other small punches and is not entirely air tight.

PHASE 4_Mechanical

BLUE CROSS TOWER

17th Floor – Mechanical Level

145,400 cfm

Figure 84. 17th Floor – mechanical level This drawing is showing the air system on this floor.

174,000 cfm

Air system

174,000 cfm

174,000 cfm

Mechanical

17th floor is main mechanical floor where the major AHUs are located. The fresh air supply and exhaust air surface are facing to different orientations to maintain the air quality. The overall amount of fresh air is a little more than the exhaust on this floor because the building has some other small punches and is not entirely air tight.

PHASE 4_Mechanical

145,400 cfm

145,400 cfm

BLUE CROSS TOWER 84. 17 Floorlevel – mechanical level 17th Floor –Figure mechanical This drawing is showing the air system on this floor. This drawing is showing the air system on this floor th

Typical Floor

ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 85

17th floor is main mechanical floor where the major AHUs are located. The fresh air supply and exhaust air surface are facing to different orientations to maintain the air quality. The overall amount of fresh air is a little more than the exhaust on this floor because theSupply building has some other small punches and is not entirely air tight. Return

Exhaust BLUE CROSS TOWER

PHASE 4_Mechanical Typical Floor

ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 85

Typical floor Airflow provided for the building is approximately .84 CF M/ Sq. Ft. As mentioned previously, the perimeter utilizes perimeter diffusers to help regulate the air temperature in the interior spaces. Two return ducts are centralized within the building. There are two supply ducts for the building to support mutual reliance.

Figure 85. Typical Floor This drawing is showing the air system of a typical level.

Airflow provided for the building is approximately .84 CFM/ Sq. Ft. As mentioned previously, the perimeter utilizes perimeter diffusers to help regulate the air temperature in the interior spaces. Two return ducts are centralized within the building. There are two supply ducts for the building to support mutual reliance.

Figure 85. Typical Floor This drawing is showing the air systemTypical of a typicalFloor level.

This drawing is showing the air system of a typical level

ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 86

Airflow provided for the building is approximately .84 CFM/ Sq. Ft. As mentioned previously, the perimeter utilizes perimeter diffusers to help regulate the air temperature in the interior spaces. Two return ducts are centralized within the building. There are two supply ducts for the building to support mutual reliance.

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ARCH 544 INTEGRATIVE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS 86


PHOTOS

Photograph by Sungho Park Half Moon bay in California

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Photograph by Sooho Park University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Temple Buell Hall

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Photograph by Sooho Park Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany

108


Photograph by Sooho Park EXPO Milano 2015

109


Photograph by Matthias Kestel Technische Universit채t M체nchen, Germany

110


Photograph by Sooho Park Misericordia church, Italy

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Convertible Tensegrity Dome Technische Universit채t M체nchen, Germany

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Photograph by Sooho Park Hanoi, Vietnam

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AKIHOLIC akiholic01@gmail.com

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Sooho park portfolio