Page 1


Ă&#x2021;IN GI/ Ă&#x2021;irĂťsk D+"%""O ;D-D< .7#:75

XXI

KÄ°TAP DÄ°ZÄ°SÄ° RĂ&#x160;ZA PIRTĂ&#x203A;KAN

= KF IP:PJOMOFP:PN?N1LAOF "OM?P:P>MNIP:PCN 8NMNKP@OAHMP@!MNFGNML -NI>CMNICP8LEF3P@CPNEOMC ("2*.79).+47 @OBHP7;I;K;PP7<G3FOP0L53JOM ("2*.79).+479#97-.94&/8 80,89)%7/%6%,9#91 8298!61328691682

MJ!BNP,KOEO1LKN(N$LMLBPD?INJKNI 0O5M3EOMCMP8L>LEFLMOP*MJ<BC ;Z`igWad Pps{ux}x~D}vj~Irt|x{~V}z~~44*MM~Z}sB~+~~S|xB =AMA~A6G~66~65 ;Pbfej M550j~WujFoBM4~<}zu}q}~ >]}s^~U|yp}z|p{~Z}yQ^p^? \gciei ]}q^zv^y~Wouj~V{s{s~[bsj~FoBAA*M6~Z^k^x}q \]igi <^z}yx^~T}dj~[s}smyu~D}vj~+M=MA~Wuj~ N|vmu~[bsj~Z}sB~M~Foj~A~*~W|qd}z S|xB~=5AA~6.G~0=~+A \g`hJ [x}qn|q~Tdj~Vmyy{q|s~Dvj~/jWcqx|t|k~Wuj V}x{s~W}y^~/Q~Tyuj~ZB5~FoBG~>Zmhmu~W{ioys} R}z^?~}d{zn|q*[zs|b \g`ic^i 7|zi{zx|y~T}dj~ZrysrxrQ~D}vj~~FoB~M4~A=*[ [zs}uq}~>Z}sox{u~Z{x{p|p{~Wou}H^?~ '''j|u{zp}z}sjoyi ozpokv|yi{p{it}{xjaot {ps}znrx}q{p{i{it}{xjaot MiZcA6jFiPfeigj*0??j-j9iJ6j2"Jhej*0?? Ops|s~[J}zp~T}sn}}a^x^u~ S|xB~AMA~.+.~M0~06 T|yu|k|\|zv{~T}dj~C}k^xb}Q}~D}vj~6j~7|y~W}zj~W{sj FoB~M+*A+~Sobu}b^~*~/ps}znrx

T|yd}n}f Zmy|p|x~ ^p^zt}~ pozrarzv}~ q}Q}z}z~ v|H{Q{tx|y i|h{Q~ t|gp{tx|y{z{~ |x{t{kv|z~ }xv^9~ }t}~ {zp}zx^u vmzq}q^~ v|H{Qs{yt|~ |qx|t{zv|~ i|h{Q~ t|gp{t` x|y{zv|z~ g}ki|ht{qoyj~ ]}d}y^z~ aoQurprzr~ imkmz dmkzmz|~s|yu|st|v|z~qoxrz}~v|g}t~|v{qoyj~]{k~v| AMj~p}q^t^kx}~smt~ouryx}y^t^k}~t|yd}n}~v{qoyrkj ]{y~ n}d}y^~ v}~ n{k{t~ q}Q}t}t^k~ i|y|us{H{z{ vmQmz|y|u~ @zpck8m~ p{k~ ouryx}y^t^k^z~ n|ux|zs{~ g| cz|y{x|y{~ voHyrxsrprzv}~ q|z{v|z~ n{h{tx|zv{y|x{t {ps{qoyrkj~ R|z{q{~ q}y}st}~ |qx|t{z|~ p{k{~ v|~ v}g|s |v{qoyrkj~F}p^x~n{y~@zpck~n|ux|v{H{z{k{f~n{h{tp|x~g| {h|y{up|x~ ox}y}uf~ vmQmza|~ g|~ cz|y{x|y{z{k{~ n{k| rx}Qs^y^yp}z^k~p|g{z{y{kj A=MA8q|f~n{yx{us|f~q|z{~n{y~qmkx|~t|yd}n}~v|t|u {h{z~p}n^yp^kx}z^qoyrkj T|yd|n} N{Qs"~ i|yt}d{q}~ uy|'"~ ird|ys{z(z~ d}s{z|~ J{q"z v|tp}x(z~v|yn}p|~J{~v|ps(~t|~i{ys{z9~x(~t{yog}d"~v{ h}x}u{q}~ %'|~ q}~ ird|ys{z}~ v{zq}q(~ v|~ J{~ v|tp}x(z v|yn}p|~z}|y|j~DoQ}~n{d}y(~n|q"~ur~%'|~x{~n|y~n}q( %|ti"z{q}~ b}q"k(~ n|yv|f~ y('"s{q}~ %'|~ n|v|'}t v{u|j~Ot~J"~n{~d|Jt}y}~%'|~q}~AMj~J{~d|t~%'|zv|` g}z(z~%'|~y|~v{n(J{z~t|yd|n}j~ ]{~ \{u{y}~ ur~ v{g(~ |t~ J"~ n{d}y|u(~ n{J"z9~ |t v{%'}k{z~ ur~ Kzpok(~ n{~ n|zv|'}y"~ ~ b(Qz{q}y(z %'|zv|g}z(~%'|~J{~z~g|~s(%{z~Q('|q|u"j~Ot~'|~J" v}'|s"~ h}x}u{q}~ J{~ z~ g|~ }\{y}zv{z~ v{u{zj~ Ot v{%'}k{z~ ur~ dz~ \{u{y~ ~ b(Qz"q}y(z~ %'|~ J{~ no z}g|you~~Q('|q}~Kzpok(~n{i{d"z{z~t|f~|t~(~v{xQ}v n{n{zj Ot~J{~nof~n{~d|g~y|f~n{~yq|u"~z~J{~A=MA8}z~n(J{z t|yd|n}~n(p|n{y{zj


61;+DOO6BE@L Nazım Akarsu 4

HXecjQ]hWf^i`A %+h^ijHfecj

[zs{u~<}ewz~Pxu~]mqmu~U{q}x|us{u L|yh|uh{p{~[{pudrxop

Orhan İyiler 5-13 ;MIMCMO6MNJO-BCKMJ [zz}~Z}y|z{z}`Soxpsoq

D. Dağlı 14-16 +M MI02KMFM@MO:MJ2O =L@NIO7(8LJEN8KLJN V}q}x~Zryt}~Oqx|t{ Temade Çınar 17-20

4OIL>JNKP4<&K;GJOKP8NKLEGN 5NP+OMOFFO=LP@OMJHGOJHP9'9 3}yoxrQhrxru Özgür Güven 21-29

R[Z2N~Z[UIP~1WS1FO Cengiz Gündoğdu

Zwywawx}y}~N}brh~]wy}ut}q}z~ D}z~Rma|x Mehmet Esatoğlu 30-31

Z}k}zwtx}ywzw~V}xu}~Wrz}z~]{y~Iot}zawB~ Wr}s~U|yg{Q Güngör Gençay

1<~PWS[F]2;~ T{sd}s~D|t}x~Zrzs}q Ahmet Aydın

[F[UK;2~Z1;S1IO;~UOIPF;PZ;OIPFUO~ F\>;R\K=\SjM\>3R93S3 \`fdij41$ Fidf]hjQ]fWj\]_Lie SAdijQeTf^hZ

][;ZKF Ruhan Mavruk 32

33-60


)L8NO-BCKMJ2 Trzkry>;?[~[ut}u 61-63

YhLefbTfjRi]AgjHa`Zicdie]igjChc`aJ

YS}Q~}s}z~hoarux}yX~} Elifcan

Fh]f^hj\cZ[^]igjChc`aJ 64

65-66

Hige_Zidd_cdij<eXdXjRa`ZidjYfdjHiWaZa RĂ˝dvan Balku 9_Bd_c YaĂžar KĂ˝rmĂ˝zĂ˝ RiJf`idfPb:jHhcg[d[+f:j;gZig:jI_c_bj LhjYhLefbTfjSigi`@jijYifej\c_djIXeX`bhdhe Vedat DßÞkĂźner Ch`fg@fgjFfci^hZfj-j?jCi^_Zj?.// Ă&#x2013;zgĂźr GĂźven

67-68

95

R{s{u~]{y~7}t}zwz~Lcxi|p{zv| ]ryru~]{y~R}l}t .7/0

*7,6)D6-D0PPPPPPPPPPPP97-100

R}etryx}~L|x|z~]{x|ux{u Ciran

[vwBZ}vwz~ Woq}vwB:{vv|sf@xmt Ekinsu

R|Q{x~]y}zv}x^~~!}zv}yt}~!||b{ HĂźseyin Ĺ&#x17E;enel 71-73 Z}z}~R}kwx}z~ Z}zx}~R}kwx}z~V}q}sx}y

&\KR3=Y\>3R T|x{u|~@kn}qy}t \!>\I\C\C\Rj Z1]I[~D&;&7 <]XdjYXPdhbfg]hjffejQecfgfj I_cbig_gj\gi`[bfZfj W|yu}z~Ozi{z =)> &QK TOVTOS~OID[F

D.26)26PPPPPPPPPPP/#/9/#

Seval Demir 74

FHMIE28K2H D{zp

Ă&#x2013;zgĂźn Denizci 75-77

Bahar Derin 78

%JLGJLBP.LNMOKNPD?P7<AGOP2AKNGL DIOPP:P%=LPK=NPDIOJHM?O $9(863*85987-9 4 05!8759*464-74'05657/5$ NIJLMPDAHEH$HPD"HK?H &12+171-9505,52/49)86803+3968,89 07&49 873',8786398'78/3 14!.DO.D;D44D# !$6.6;C&B= ;" 108-112


Devrim

Nazım Akarsu

umutlu şarkısıdır yüreğimizin ve beynimizin duru pırıltısı güneşin Nemrut Dağı’nda doğuşu Haliç'te kıpkızıl batışıdır Devrim bulutları kucağında taşıyan küçük bir çocuğun hızlı kalp atışıdır ve gülümsemesidir umutlu dünyanın soluk alışıdır sokakların yeni bir güne uyanışı Devrim işçilerin çatlamış ellerinde dalgalanan gelincik kızılı bayraklardır ve silahların tiranların kapısına dayanışı Devrim tüm hesapların görüleceği arenadır kan ve barutun arasından açelyaların gövereceği zamandır Devrim uğruna her şeyini verenlerin onurla güleceği o an'dır doğumların en güzeli gül destesi olanıdır Devrim insanlığa duyulan aşkın ilanıdır ve tarihin koynunda isyandır usanmadan yasak meyveye uzanan insandır insan olmakta ve insan kalmakta ısrardır Devrim sıra sıra bulvarlara kanla yazılma mısralardır. 17 Ağustos '11

4

Güz ‘11


Orhan Ă?yiler

H ? @ ? = O H K 5 O DICNHOM/GI EN N 9 H L 9 J L ) O 6N@MKLHCNH DNEHAKBE

L

|yh|us|z~v|~u|zv{~pwzw\wzwz~p|hu{z~n{y~q}k}yw~ox}z~Tozp|{iz|ry~[j~L{v|~YIrpq} UczmlmX~}vxw~u{s}nwzv}~YSmt~p}z}sx}y~v|gy{ta{v{yj~[za}u~n}n}x}ywtwk~Ly|ux|y x{y{u~n{y~l}yuwv}z~n}lu}~n{y~l|q~v|e{xv{X~v|yj~]r~u}zwqw~lcqx|~q}~v}~ncqx|~b}q` x}l}z~ }qvwzx}ywz~ p}qwpw~ i|y|u~ ]}sw_v}~ i|y|u~ mxu|t{kv|~ }kwtp}zt}q}a}u~ u}v}y~ houj Z}xvw~ u{~ {xuh}e~ vmlmz~ g|~ p}z}swzw~ x{y{u~ n{y~ l}yuw~ ox}y}u~ icyt|x|y{z{ pmyvmy|zx|y{z~ q}zw~ pwy}f~ hou~ u|k~ {xuh}ewz~ |uozot{u~ q}bwpwzw {za|x|q|zx|yv|~v|~YLy|ux|y{z~|uozot{u~q}l}tx}ywzw~|uozot{u~n{y ox}q~ ox}y}u~ vmlmzt|v{ux|y{X~ u}zwpw~ q}qiwz~ >Tj~ C{zx|qB ;_|aozot{~ [zs{r|~ N}y{p~ MG0.?j~ L|yh|us|z~ {xu~ n}uwls} YNy{t{s{\~q}~v}~}yu}{u~v|z{x|z~sobxrtx}yx}~v}d}~pozy}u{~}zs{u sobxrtx}yv}~ t}xx}ywz~ my|s{t{~ g|~ |xv|e{l{t{~ i{n{~ i|y|u |uozot{u~ q}l}t~ }x}zwqx}f~ i|y|u~ box{s{u~ {x{lu{x|yx|f~ i|y|u drurup}x~h|yh|g|qx|f~uwp}a}pw~{v|oxoJ{u~q}bwqx}~voeyrv}z {x{lu{z~icymzt|q|z~n}kw~uryrtx}y~n{y|q{z~soby}u~g|~my|` s{t~ }y}hx}yw~ mpsmzv|u{~ d}ux}ywzw~ sobxrtp}x~ my|s{tv|u{ v|z|s{t{f~ cs|u{~ n}kw~ koyrzxrxrux}yx}~ n{yx{us|~ h}xwlt} }x}zwzw~ v}~ vmk|zx|q|n{x{qoyx}yvwjX~ >Fj~ Dj~ ;|g(r|~ Cj C}goyq~;}~N|zp~FB~MGA?j~Pxu~h}e~my|s{t~n{h{t{z{~poqrsx}q}z nr~ icymzsmqm~ d{h~ urlurprk~ {xuh}e~ vmlmzmyx|y{z{z~ cyz|e{z [z|up}ioy}pf~ Nyov{uopf~ Nyos}ioy}pf~ U|touy{sopf~ Ob{umyopf Wouy}s|pf~ [y{psos|x|p~ i{n{~ vmlmzmyx|y{z~ i|x{ls{yv{ux|y{~ {zp}zw l}lwyswaw~ n{h{tv|~ q}u}x}q}z~ vmlmza|~ p{ps|tx|y{qx|f~ Vot|yopf [{pudrxopf~ Wo\oux|pf~ Ory{b{v(p~ i{n{~ l}{y~ g|~ q}k}yx}ywz~ x{y{u q}bwx}ywzv}u{~ ick~ u}t}lswywaw~ b}ywxsw~ {xuh}e~ rqi}yxwewzwz~ }xs q}bwpwzwz~q|s|y{~}hwuxwux}~{za|x|zt|p{z|~z|v|z~v|~oxtrl~ox}n{x{yj F|~ u{~ poz~ k}t}zx}yv}~ ck|xx{ux|~ P;Z<[~ Z@;O;PP~ 1WS1FO 2;2W;[I[I[W&~ [I[:S&IT[~ LI2]2_zrz~ }y}lswyt}x}yw~ g| i|s{yv{e{~ pozrhx}yw~ imzv|z~ imz|~ nr~ }xsq}bw~ poyrzrzr~ v}d}~ n{y~ }hwuxwe} u}grlsryt}us}vwyj~ ]r~ rxrpx}y}y}pw~ iyrnrz~ t|yu|k{z{~ ]|p|zhoz~ T|yu|k~ [y}lswyt} Lyrnr~oxrlsryt}us}vwyj~]r~g|~nrz}~n|zk|y~}y}lswyt}x}ywz~imz~i|hs{uh|~}yst}pw~pozrar {xuh}e~ sobxrtx}ywzwz~ }yswu~ Yu|zv{z|~ ckim~ g|~ v}d}~ hou~ |uozot{u~ oxt}q}z~ q}p}x}ywz qcz|ss{e{X~n{y~sobxrt~n{h{t{~ox}y}u~icyt|~|e{x{t{~q}g}l~q}g}l~q|y{z{~T}yup{ps~nrxir` x}y}~nwy}ut}us}vwyj~K~k}t}z~{xuh}e~sobxrtrzrz~|uozot{u~q}l}tw~q|z{~n|xi|x|yx|~imz i|hs{uh|~}qvwzxwe}~u}grlsrerzv}~n{k~Yn}n}x}ywtwk~Ly|ux|y{zX~p}z}swzwz~d{h~v|~rkrz~x{y{u n{y~l}yuw~oxt}vwew~i|yh|e{z|~qcz|xt|us|f~nr~{xuh}e~q}k}yx}ywzwz~z|qx|9~u|zv{~sobxrt` x}ywzw~n|x{yx|q|z~my|s{t~n{h{tx|y{qx|~z}pwx~n{y~{x{lu{~{h{zv|~oxvrux}ywzw~v}d}~}b}hwuf~v}d} p|g{zh~g|y{a{~n{y~cey|s{~n{h{t{zv|~u}gy}t}us}qwkj

5KH9M/O<B,KAFAIAIOJLCNFO=N9NFN :&KL0NO=NJOJLCNFO=N9NFN>NJ

Zcx|a{~sobxrtx}~p}z}shw~}y}pwzv}u{~{x{lu{q{~n{k{~q}zwxiwv}z~urys}y}a}u~n{y~n{h{tv| {q{a|~u}gy}q}n{xt|t{k~{h{z~ucx|a{~sobxrtrz~q}bwpwz}~d{h~oxt}kp}~}z}f~n|x{yi{z~h{ki{` x|y{qx|~uwp}a}~n}ut}u~koyrzxrxrer~g}yj

GĂźz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11

5

Sigi`jQbhBf: YheEfZf@gfgjD Zi^AZAg]i HhbbaPj?./@]h ^i^AgdigbA"`AeD


]|p|zhoz~ T|yu|k{_z{z~ n{k|~ i|s{y{b~ nwy}uswux}yw lcqx|p{z|~ck|sx|z|n{x{yB~Ny{t{s{\~g|~}yu}{u~my|s{t~n{h{` t{zv|z~ pozy}~ i|x|z~ my|s{t~ n{h{t{~ ucx|a{~ my|s{t n{h{t{v{yj~ F|v{y~ u{~ ucx|a{~ my|s{t~ n{h{t{z|~ i|ht|v|z cza|~{zp}zxwu~s}y{d{~rkrz~n{y~ucx|~cza|p{~i|h{l~vcz|t{ q}l}twlswyj~ ]r~ i|h{l~ vcz|t{~ v{q|n{x|a|e{t~ vcz|t W{s|`v|gx|sx|y~ uryrxrlrqx}~ u}b}ztwl~ g|~ ucx|~ my|s{t n{h{t{z{z~ |i|t|z~ my|s{t~ n{h{t{~ oxvrer~ vcz|t| i|h{xt{ls{yj~ [zs{u~ W{s|`v|gx|ss|~ ucx|x|yf~ }k}xvw~ ucx|x|yf q|yx{x|yf~ qryss}lx}yv}z~ oxrl}z~ n{y~ sobxrtrz~ z}pwx~ n{y p{q}p}x~ qczs|tx|~ v}d}~ {q{~ qcz|s{x|n{x|a|e{~ uozrprzv} i|z{l~ n{xi{x|y{~ <{h|yoz_rz~ pcqx|gx|y{zv|zf~ u|zv{zv|z cza|u{~ W{s|`v|gx|sx|y|~ q}bswew~ }sw\x}yv}z~ }zx}q}n{x{` qoyrkj~Pxuh}e~ucx|a{x{e{z{z~s|t|x{z{~}pu|y{~{ps{x}x}y~oxrl` sryt}us}vwyj~T}x~}xwlg|y{l{z{z~pmy|ux{x{e{f~q|z{~b}k}yx}y |v{z{xt|p{f~|x~|t|e{z{z~v|e|yx|zv{y{xt|p{f~q|z{~uoxoz{` x|y~ |v{z{xt|p{~ ucx|a{~ sobxrtrz~ s|t|x~ q}bwpwzw~ oxrlsr` yrqoyvrj~ @yz|e{z~ cz|tx{~ n{y~ T}yup{ps~ n{xi{z~ ox}z Twpwyxw~ [dt|s~ W}vwu~ W|v}s~ s|t|x{zv|~ {ps{x}aw~ g| ucx|x|ls{y{a{~n{y~|e{x{t~q}y}s}z~{xuh}e~|tb|yq}x{kt{z{z Twpwy_v}u{~ rqirx}t}x}ywzw~ n{k|~ lcqx|~ q}zpwswy~ >;} N|zp|~ FB~ M4G?B~ Ppu|zv|y{q|_z{z~ uryrxrlr~ N|ypx|y{z tmss|\{u{~C|z{u|x{x|y{z~s{a}y{~x{t}zw~ox}z~Sqy_{z~qwuwtw oxryj~ ;}iopxrx}y~ voerzrz~ s{a}y|s~ g|~ }pu|y{~ v|z|s{t{z{ |xx|y{z|~i|h{y|n{xt|u~{h{z~F{x~g}v{p{z{z~imz|q{z|f~[y}b p}d{xx|y{z|f~ V{zv_|~ v|u~ rk}z}z~ s{a}y|s~ qoxx}ywzw~ |x| i|h{y|n{xt|u~ {h{z~ n{y~ hou~ }pu|y{~ hwu}yst}x}yx}f~ u|l{\x| poyrtxr~ s{a}y|s~ iyrbx}yw~ iczv|y{qoyx}yvwj~ `.j~ qmkqwx oys}x}ywzv}~ N|ypx|y{z~ Twpwy_v}z~ A5~ n{z~ }yv|b~ >M~ }yv|b M4.~ x{sy|?~ nrev}qw~ g|yi{~ ox}y}u~ }xvwux}ywzw~ n{x{qoyrkj ;}iopxrx}y~ nrzr~ 5==~ n{z~ }yv|b_|~ qmup|xs{qoyx}yvwj Otb|yq}x{ps~ qcz|s{a{~ pwzw\wz~ ickmzv|~ Twpwyxwx}y~ U|s{a{ >czuolrxprk~s|px{t~oxtrl~u{l{x|y?f~;}oiy}bdort|zor{ >[y}k{~ g|yi{p{~ }hwpwzv}z~ p}qwtw~ q}bwxtwl~ u{l{?f V|x|zx|lt{lf~ trsxr~ n{y~ }kwzxwu~ ox}z~ Ob{uuy{tzo{ pwzw\x}ywzv}z~ oxrlrqoyvrj~ L|y|u~ U|s{a{x|y{zf~ i|y|up| ;}oiy}bdort|zor{x|y{z~>u{~h}xwl}z~pwzw\wz~|k{a{~hoerz` xrerzr~ oxrlsryrqoyx}yvw?~ u|zv{x|y{z|~ ck~ tmxu{q|sx|y{ qousrj 5KH9M/GIO5HNO=?@?HO;&F?J(L0NO6LKLCN3 )JLHKLJOLO*LJEKLJ Zcx|a{~my|s{t{z~n|x{yx|v{e{~{u{~nmqmu~v|gx|s~q}bwpwf N|ypx|y~ g|~ V|x|zx|y~ {xuh}e~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ p}g}lx}ywzwz s|t|x{z{~oxrlsryryx}yj~S}y{ds|~T|v~p}g}lx}yw~v{q|~n{x{z|z nr~p}g}lx}ywz~u|p{z~n|x{yx|zt{l~}t}aw~umhmu~[pq}~u|zs` x|y{qx|f~ Twpwy~ ~ [uv|z{k~ s{a}y|s{z{z~ smtmzm~ |x|~ i|h{y` t|q|~v}q}zwyj~R{z|~n{k|~[dt|s~W}vwu_wz~}us}yvwux}ywz} n}uwxwyp}~ N|ypx|yv|z~ pozy}~ V|x|z~ |tb|yq}x{kt{z{z noqrzvryrer~}xswz}~i{y|z~Twpwy_v}~|tb|yq}x{ps~imhx|y ox}z~ V|x|zx|y~ g|~ ozx}ywz~ v|gx|s~ }qiwsw~ ox}z~ ;}iopx}y qcz|s{t{~ Twpwyv}~ s}t~ n{y~ s|uzoxoJ{u~ v|gy{t~ q}y}s` twlx}yvwj~@k|xx{ux|~s}ywtv}~q|z{~qczs|tx|y{z~{h|y{xv{e{f

q|z{~ soby}ux}ywz~ }xt}lwu~ |u{t|~ }hwxvwewf~ poz~ v|y|a| n}l}ywxw~ n{y~ prx}t}~ p{ps|t{z{z~ i|x{ls{y{xv{e{~ icymxmqoyj V{h~ urlurprk~ v}d}~ {q{~ pctmy|n{xt|u~ {h{z~ pctmymam imhx|y~ h}xwl}zx}ywz~ n|xx{~ n{y~ s|uz{u~ vmk|q|~ i|xt|x|y{z{ p}ex}t}q}~ ck|z~ icps|y{qoyx}yvwj~ T}u|vozq}_v} i|x{ls{y{xt{l~ ck|x~ }y}h~ g|~ i|y|hx|yx|~ Twpwy~ k}z}}su}y` x}ywzwz~ sobxrtp}x~ my|s{t{~ n{y~ h|l{s~ t}z{\}usmy~ my|s{t| vczmlsmyvmux|y{z{~ n{x{qoyrkj~ Ly|ux|y~ n{yhou~ }scxq|q{ u|zv{~d|p}bx}ywz}~h}xwlswywqoyx}yvwj~]ry}v}~my|s{x|z~t}x` x}ywz~smu|s{a{~W{s|~U|gx|sx|y~ox}z~cs|u{~V|x|z~p{s|x|y{z| s{a}y{~ n{y~ l|n|u|~ }ewqx}~ v}ewswtw~ q}bwxvwewf~ nr~ i|x{l` t|z{z~<{z~g|~V{zv~mxu|x|y{z|~v|u~rk}zvwew~n{x{zt|us|` v{yj~ Nsox|t|x|y~ vcz|t{zv|~ nmqmu~ soby}ux}yw~ |u|z u{l{x|y|~ b}y}p}x~ v|ps|us|~ nrxrz}n{x|a|uf~ dmumt|s{z uy|v{~g|y|n{x|a|u~n{y~p{ps|t~i|x{ls{yv{e{z{~icyt|u~hou u{l{~ {h{z~ nrimz~ n{x|~ l}lwyswaw~ oxt}us}~ v|g}t~ |v{qoyj ;}iopxrx}y~ umhmu~ umhmu~ }scxq|x|y{~ n{yx|ls{y|y|u~ v}d} pctmymamf~v}d}~|uozot{u~ox}z~{xuh}e~tozoboxx|y{z{z s|t|xx|y{z{~ }swqoyx}yvwj~ ]r~ tozoboxam~ p{ps|t~ v}d} pozy}~Iot}xwx}ya}~v}d}~i|z{l~n{y~q}qwxt}~box{s{u}pwzwz s|t|x{z{~ oxrlsrytrlsryj~ Nsox|t{u~ vcz|tv|~ Twpwy_v} vourt}f~ n|px|zt|f~ b}b{ymp~ |zvmpsy{p{z{z~ poz~ v|y|a| dwkxw~i|x{ls{e{z{~icymqoyrkj ]}kw~ qcz|s{t~ ncxi|x|y{zv|~ v|gx|sf~ d}k{z|z{z icy|g{z{~mpsx|zt{l~n}zu}~lrn|x|y{~>Sy}bkp?~}hwqoyvrj L|y|u~ Twpwyf~ i|y|u~ cs|u{~ uoxoz{~ v|gx|sx|y{zv|~ nr~ smy rqirx}t}x}ywz~ i|yh|ux|lt|p{z{z~ s|u~ z|v|z{~ d|y~ {u{ |tb|yq}x{ps~ v|gx|s{z~ u|zv{~ ucx|a{~ p{ps|tx|y{z{~ }q}us} srs}n{xt|uf~ p{x}d~ koyr~ g|~ qcz|s{t~ n|a|y{p{qx|~ nr pctmym~vmk|z{z{z~pmyi{sx{e{z{~p}ex}q}n{xt|us{j~@yz|e{z Nsox|t|x|y~ Twpwy_v}~ b}y}~ g|yi{x|y{z{z~ sos}x~ sobx}twzw n}kw~ u|zv{x|y{z|~ q}uwz~ V|x|zx|zt{l~ k|zi{zx|y|~ q}~ v} mps~ vmk|qv|u{~ icy|gx{x|y|~ u{y}x}q}z~ n{y~ p{ps|t{z~ {xu {xu|x|y{z{f~ {lx|g{z{z~ n|x{yi{z~ q}bwpwzw~ oxrlsryrb~ q|y` x|ls{yv{x|yj~ ]cqx|a|~ nr~ p{ps|t~ v}d}~ pozy}~ [y}bx}ywz Z{n}x}~ p{ps|t{qx|f~ Kpt}zxwx}ywz~ Pxs{k}t~ p{ps|t{z{z s|t|x{z{~oxrlsrytrlsryj~]r~p{ps|tv|~d{h~u{tp|~d{kt|sx{ ucx|x|y{z~ vwlwzv}~ n{y|q~ ox}y}u~ s|u~ s|u~ ucx|~ v|e{xv{yj Nsox|t|x|y~ncqx|~n{y~p{ps|tv|z~q}z}~oxt}twlx}yf~}za}u i|y|u~N|ypx|yf~i|y|u~Ly|ux|y~}pu|y{~imhx|y{qx|~\|sd|ss{u` x|y{~ncxi|v|u{~{zp}zx}yw~ncqx|~n{y~p{ps|t~{h{zv|~smtv|z ucx|x|ls{yt{lx|yv{yj~ Pps{x}aw~ imhx|y~ u|zv{x|y{z|~ q}uwz {ln{yx{uh{~ imhx|yx|~ {ln{yx{e{z{~ i|x{ls{yt|q{f~ ozx}y }y}awxwewqx}~ my|s{t{z~ uozsyoxmzm~ |xx|y{zv|~ nrxrzvry` t}qw~ q|ex|t{lx|yv{yj~ ]r~ ozx}ywz~ q|y|x~ n}kw~ icy|gx|y mpsx|zt|x|y{z|~ |zi|x~ v|e{xv{j~ @yz|e{z~ ucqxmx|y{zf dmumt|s~q|su{x{x|y{z{z~v|z|s{t~g|~ick|s{t{zv|~d|y~qwx M=~imz~n|zs~g|~u}z}x~q}bwtx}ywzv}~h}xwlt}~koyrzxrxrer g}yvwj~R{z|~nr~ucqxmx|y~d|y~qwx~ncxi|~ncxi|f~q|su{x{x|y{z czmzv|~soby}ew~|u{b~n{h|a|ux|y{z|~v}{y~q|t{z~|v|yx|yf d|y~ qwx~ nr~ q|t{zx|y{z{~ q{z|x|yx|yv{j~ Twpwy~ Zcqxmpm >x}g}_x}y?~ }za}u~ ncxi|~ q|su{x{p{zv|z~ q}kwxwf~ y|pt{~ n{y {k{z~}x}y}u~n}lu}~n{y~rey}lw~v}xwz}~i|h|n{x{yx|yv{j

6

Güz ‘11


Ppu|zv|y{q|~ u|zs{z{z~ }pu|y{~ g|~ s{a}y{~ n{y~ pctmyi| mppm~ox}y}u~uryrxt}pwqx}~}x}n{xv{e{z|~i|x{ls{y{x|z~ucx|` a{~ my|s{t~ n{h{t{~ Iot}xwx}y~ k}t}zwzv}~ cyz|e{z Twpwy_v}z~ 4==~ n{z~ }yv|b~ nrev}q~ }xwzt}pwz}~ v|u~ hwu` twlswyj~ Wctmymx|z~ Twpwy~ x}g}x}ywzwz~ noyhx}zvwywxt}x}yw q}xzwka}~ nrzrzx}~ v}~ u}xtwqoyf~ uozru~ n}ywzvwyt}~ g|y` i{p{zv|zf~}v}t~n}lwz}~p}xt}~q}bwx}z~d}ya}~v|u~rk}zw` qoyvrj Zmhmu~ [pq}~ p{s|~ v|gx|sx|y{~ mk|y{zv|~ rqirx}z}z qczs|tx|y{z~ pctmymamf~ sobs}z~ ucx|~ |v{a{~ z{s|x{us| oxvrux}ywf~[y{psoz{uop~}vxw~n{y~u{l{z{z~qcz|s{t{zv|~smt umhmu~ }pq}~ ucx|x|y{z{z~ p{x}dxw~ }q}ux}zt}x}yw~ ox}qw~ {x| u|zv{z{~n|x{yx|yjjj~

YVot|yopXf~v|y~Nxms}yuf~YLy|ux|y{~|e{s|z~n{y~|yv|tv{Xj L|yh|us|z~ nr~ vryrt~ ncqx|~ oxtrlsryj~ ]r~ ucx|a{~ p{p` s|t{z~mps~q}bwpwzw~n|x{yx|q|z~{v|oxoJ{u~q}bwqw~oxrlsry}z q}p}x}y~ v|t|s{~ hou~ u|k~ Vot|yop_rz~ v|ps}zx}ywzv}zf |ki{~g|~v{k|x|y{zv|z~u}qz}ux}ztwlf~t{soxoJ{u~t|a}kx}y nr~ q}p}x}y}~ i|y|uh|~ ox}y}u~ icps|y{xt{ls{yj~ Vot|yop v{k|x|y{z{z~ oxrlsryvrer~ cey|s{~ n{y~ h|l{s~ {xuh}e~ u{s}n`w tru}vv|p_{qv{j~ ]{yhou~ {xuh}e~ vmlmzmymzmz~ k}t}z k}t}z~ i{kx{f~ k}t}z~ k}t}z~ v}~ }hwus}z~ }hwe} Vot|yop_rz~ nr~ ucx|a{~ }dx}uwz}~ u}ylw~ hwuswux}ywzw~ n{x{` qoyrkj~Vot|yop_v}~v{zf~}luf~imk|xx{uf~}v}x|sf~icy|gf~d|y h|l{s~{zp}zawx~srsur~s}t~n{y~v{p{bx{zx|~nmqmux|y|f~}{x|q|f uy}xx}y}~ g|~ s}zywx}y}~ n}exwxwu~ cey|s{p{qx|~ pozrh` x}zvwywxtwlswyj~ ]r~ z|v|zx|~ |i|t|z~ pwzw\x}ywz~ mps~ q}bw uryrtx}ywzv}z~ |z~ n}lxwa}pw~ ox}z~ |e{s{t~ g|~ cey|s{t {lx|g{zv|~ Vot|yop~ smt~ Ly|u`p{s|~ v|gx|sx|y{z{z~ v|yp u{s}nw~ ox}y}u~ koyrzxr~ oursrxt}us}qvwj~ @k|xx{ux| p}g}lu}zxwux}ywqx}~ v}d}~ v}~ mzxm~ p}zwx}z~ &pb}ys}`p{s|f v|gx|s{zv|~Vot|yop~}pu|y{~|e{s{tx|y{z~v|~s|t|x~v{y|e{ oxtrlsrj~W|ys~s}x{tx|y{zf~u}sw~vmlmza|x|y{zf~{zp}z~cxvmy` t|z{z~ cey|s{xv{e{~ uwlx}x}ywzf~ imk|xx{u~ qwu}zf~ qouprx} }awt}q}zf~ ckimyxme|~ pwys~ h|g{y|z~ vmlmza|p{~ oxvr Vot|yopj~]}n}q}f~|z~nmqmu~|yu|u~u}yv|l|f~}z}q}f~mxu| qcz|s{a{x|y{z|~g|~s}zywx}y}~u}swupwk~n{y~p}qiw~g|~noqrz |et|q{~cemsx|q|z~Vot|yop~k|zi{z~lcx|zx|y{z{z~n}l~s}aw oxt}us}z~cs|~ucx|a{~p{ps|t{z~}yswu~|tb|yq}x{ps~}l}t}q} voeyr~ i|x{ls{e{~ vcz|tv|~ smt~ Ly|u_v|~ V|x|z{ps umxsmymz~n}lxwa}~{dy}h~t|s}w~vryrtrz}~i|x{qoyvrj

:&KL0NO<B,KAF>MO <N@MCJBO;MIMCGIGIO*BKNCNHO=MHMK>GJGEG3 S}y{ds|~{xu~u|k~a|k}x}zvwywx}z~p}z}shwzwz~n{y~s{q}s` yoar~ oxvrerzr~ n{x{qoyrkj~ R}~ v}~ n}lu}~ n{y~ v{xx|f~ |x{t` {kv|u{~ {xu~ n|xi|x|y~ qcz|s{t{z~ n{y~ p}z}shwq}~ g|yv{e{~ {xu a|k}zwz~n{y~s{q}syo~p}z}shwpwz}~g|yv{e{~i|yh|e{z{~oys}q} uoqrqoyj~Cyrz{udop_rz~N|ypx|y~}vxw~oqrzr~pck~uozrpr a|k}xw~oqrzj~Ox{t{kv|~q}kwxw~t|sz{~qou~nr~oqrzrzj~]}kw v{s{y}tbx}yw~~g}y~n{x{z|zj~Kqrz~`6G6~qwxwzv}~oqz}zwqoyj [y{psoioy}p_wz~ qcz|s{t{zv|~ }q}ux}z}z~ Pozq}xwx}y~ {xu T|v~ p}g}lx}ywzwz~ n}lx}ziwawzw~ oxrlsrytrlsryj [s{z}xwx}ywz~ uwluwyst}x}ywz}~ g|~ q}yvwt~ |v|a|ux|y{z| v}{y~g|yv{ux|y{~pck|~y}et|z~N|yp~|tb|yq}x{kt{z|~u}ylw Pozq}~ n}lu}xvwywlw~ N|ypx|y~ s}y}\wzv}z~ poz~ v|y|a|~ u}zxw n{y~ n{h{tv|~ n}pswywxwyj~ Pls|~ Cyrz{udop~ T{x|s~ u|zs{z{z N|ypx|y~ s}y}\wzv}z~ vmlmymxt|p{z{~ oqrzrzrz~ }z}~ ury` irpr~ ox}y}u~ oxrlsrytrlsryj~ Kqrz~ oqz}zwqoyj V|yovos_rz~ }zx}sswux}ywz}~ n}uwxwyp}~ oqrzr~ {kx|q|zx|y oza}~mkimz~g|~n{s{u~vmltmlx|y~u{~}ex}t}us}zf~[s{z}xw qcz|s{a{x|y~sy}i|vq}~q}k}ywzw~n{z~vy}dt{~b}y}~a|k}pwz} h}ybswytwlx}yj~C{xoxoi~Uryrq~Y[u}z~ickq}lx}yw~}pxwzv} [s{z}xwx}ywz~q}zwxiwx}ywzw~gryirxrqoyvrX~v|yj~[pq}~Poz` x}ywzw~ u|zv{~ n}lx}ywz}~ uopuoa}~ N|yp~ oyvrpr~ u}ylwpwzv} q}xzwk~ nwy}ut}ux}~ prhxrqvrx}y~ hmzumjjj~ ]cqx|a|~ n{kf p}z}sx}~box{s{u}zwz~v}d}~{xuh}ev}z~nr~q}z}~z}pwx~{h~{h| n{y~oxrlrt~{kx|v{ux|y{z{~icyt|~ox}z}ewzw~nrxryrkj S}y{d{z~ |x{t{k|~ rx}l}z~ {xu~ q}kwxw~ s{q}syo t|s{zx|y{z{z~ q}k}ywf~ }zs{u~ h}ewz~ {xu~ v{q}x|us{u i|yh|uh{p{~ [{pudrxop_rz~ N|yp_x|y~ oqrzrz}~ i|ht|v|z cza|~ u|zv{p{~ i{n{~ n{y~ p}z}shw~ ox}z~ l}{y~ g|~ v|ps}zx}y q}k}yw~cxmtpmk~Vot|yop_rz~ucx|a{~sobxrt~u}ylwpwzv}` u{~ v}gy}zwlwzw~ n|x{yx|t|us|~ u}hwzwxt}k~ n{y~ koyrzxrxru g}yvwyj

DCNIMO7F,LJ@MKN8FNILO:MJGO=NJO1@AI3 *LJEKLJ Smt~ nrzx}yv}z~ hwu}z~ pozrh~ {xuh}e~ sobxrtrzrz v{u|zp{k~imx~n}dh|p{~oxt}vwew~i|yh|e{v{yj~[{pudrxop~q} v}~ sobxrtrqx}~ rqrlt}kxwe}~ vmltml~ cs|u{~ {xuh}e vmlmzmy~ g|~ p}z}shwx}ywzwz~ mxu|x|y{zv|z~ pmymxvmux|y{z{f i{v|y|u~ cxvmymxvmux|y{z{~ n{x|~ n{x{qoyrkj~ [qvwzx}ywz cxvmymxvmemf~ pmymxvmemf~ a|k}x}zvwywxvwew~ n{y~ sobxrt q}bwpwzw~Vmt}z{ps~|e{x{tx|y{t{k~qmkmzv|z~icyt|kx{u` s|z~i|x|t|q{kj~Woyrzprk~n{y~sobxrtv}~[ioy}_v}~q}xzwk` a}~ \|xp|\|z{z~ q}bwxvwew~ n{y~ sobxrtv}~ q}l}twqoyvr {xuh}e~p}z}shw~g|~vmlmzmyx|y{j~Woyrzx}ywz~p|k|n{xv{ux|y{ hckmtx|y{z|~ p}z}sx}ywzwz~ smt~ cxmtpmk~ q}y}swawxwewqx} uoyurprk~qmymt|q{~v|z{qoy~g|~n{k|~{xuh}ev}z~nr~q}z} cxmtpmk~ imk|xx{us|u{~ {xu~ cyz|ux|t|x|y{~ g|y{qoyx}yvwj U}d}~}hwu~n{y~v{xx|~pcqx|yp|uB~p}z}sx}ywzwz~cxmtpmkxmem q}l}vwux}yw~ sobxrtrz~ box{s{u~ q}bwpwzv}z~ u}qz}ux}zw` qoyvrj~Pls|~l{tv{~pwuwxt}v}z~N|ypx|y{z~}up{qoz~q}bwpwz} uwp}a}~n{y~ick~}s}xwtB U{bs|~nmqmu~n{y~p}y}q~u}bwpwj~]{y~q}t}awz~mk|y{zv| q}~v}~p}dz|z{z~czmzv|~d}\{\~n{y~qmup|xs{f~{xuh}ewz~mzxm {tb}y}soyrf~ Pozq}_v}z~ Twpwy}f~ Twpwy_v}z~ ]}n{x_|~ v|u i|z{l~n{y~q|yqmkm~}x}zwzv}~q}l}q}z~{zp}zx}ywz~mzxm~g| s|u~ urqyruhrpr~ U}y{rp_rz~ t|k}ywj~ N|yp~ uy}xw

5KH9M/O7(LFLIO;GIG'KMJGIGIO$K?FE?8 %MNJNOBFBJBE3 Pxuh}e~rqi}yxwewzv}~mps~q}bw~uryrtx}ywzw~oxrlsry}z {v|oxoJ{u~q}bwqw~{q{a|~u}gy}q}n{xt|t{k~{h{z~Nxms}yu_wz lr~ pckx|y{zv|u{~ cz|t{~ {q{a|~ qoyrtx}q}n{xt|x{q{kB

Güz ‘11

7


Zp|yup|p_{z~ q}lxw~ v}zwlt}~ mq|x|y{~ p}y}q~ u}bwpwzwz h|gy|p{zv|~ sobx}ztwlx}yj~ ]{y~ pmy|~ vryrtx}ywzw~ nok` t}v}z~cqx|a|~vryry~nr~q}lxwf~uoa}twl~v}zwlt}~t|ax{p{ mq|x|y{j~Phx|y{zv|~U}y{rp_}~v}zwlt}zxwu~q}btwl~ox}zx}y n{x|~ g}yj~ W}y}q~ u}bwpwzwz~ czmzv|~ mpsx|y{~ n}lx}yw~ qwyswu hoarux}yf~}z}x}yf~v{x|za{x|y~q}qwxtwlswyj~Zoyon}lwzwzB `YRrz}z~ soby}ux}ywzw~ |xv|~ |st|q|~ i{st{l~ N|ypx|y }y}pwzv}~ n{kf~ {ls|~ q}lxw~ v}zwlt}~ mq|x|y{f~ U}y{rp_s}z i|xt|~ Zp|yup|p_{z~ nrqyrerza}~ ozrz~ soby}ux}ywz}~ g| }xswz~ voxr~ p}y}qwz}~ ick~ urx}u~ oxt}u~ {h{z~ nry}v} u}xvwufX~ pckx|y{qx|~ p}dz|z{z~ czmz|~ voeyr~ uoyo q}qwxwyu|zf~ Zoyon}lw~ n{k|~ {xuh}e~ |tb|yq}x{kt{z{z {zp}zw~poz~v|y|a|~l}lwyswaw~n{y~voeyrxrux}~uoyurzh~s}nxo` przr~q}bq}xwz~g|~n{y~i|yh|ux{ux|~h{k|yj~N|ypx|y{z~qmkn{z` x|y{~}l}z~n{y~oyvrqx}~>]r~p}qwzwz~s}y{dh{x|y~6==~n{zv|z }l}ew~ oxt}vwewzw~ p}bs}twlx}yvwy?~ Ly|u_x|y{~ g|~ ozx}y} n}exw~ rxrpx}yw~ ucx|x|ls{yt|u~ {h{z~ d}y|u|s~ |ss{ux|y{z{f d}y|u|s~|v|z~n{yx{ux|y{z~n}lwzv}~u{tx|y{z~nrxrzvrerzrf }pu|y{~l|\x|y{z~}vx}ywzw~n{y~n{y~}hwux}q}y}u~g|y{yj~Pxuh}ewz |z~cz|tx{~p}g}lx}ywzv}z~n{y{~ox}z~W[;[TPF~p}g}lwz} q}xzwka}~ N|ypx|y~ u}swxt}ux}~ u}xt}twlf~ ozx}y}~ n}ewtxw cs|u{~rxrpx}yf~cyz|e{zf~lr~d|y~qwx~A5~n{z~}yv|b~nrev}q g|yt|u~koyrzv}~ox}z~Twpwyxwx}yf~;{vq}xwx}yf~]}n{xx{x|y~g| cs|u{~ rxrpx}y~ Wrp~ g|~ Oun}u}z~ u|zsx|y{zv|z~ n}lx}ywzv} N|yp~ {tb}y}soyr~ Zp|yup|p~ oxt}u~ mk|y|~ i|t{x|yx|~ g| b{q}v|~ |yx|y{qx|~ d}y|u|s~ |st{lx|yv{j~ YSmt~ [pq} nol}xtwlX~ i{n{v{yj~ ]rimz|~ v|u~ oyvrv}z~ |z~ umhmu~ n{y d}n|y~ }xwz}t}t}pw~ Y}z}x}ywzf~ u}ywx}ywz~ g|~ hoarux}yx} q}lxw~n}n}x}ywz~qmy|ux|y{z{~uoyurqx}X~s{sy|st|us|v{yj W}y}q~u}bwpwzv}~uy}x{h|~[sopp}~n|x{y{yj~Zy}x{h|z{z p}y}q~u}bwpwzv}~n|x{yt|p{qx|~n{yx{us|~hoarux}yf~u}vwzx}y oz}~voeyr~qcz|x{yx|y~}t}~}pu|yx|y~rk}ux}lswywy~ozx}ywj Zy}x{h|~ [sopp}~ U}y{rp_rz~ u}ywpwf~ Zp|yup|p_{z }z}pwvwyj~ [sopp}~ v}~ icyvmem~ vmlx|yx|~ v|y{z~ u}qiwx}y {h{zv|v{yj~Y]|z~v|~qmy|e{t{~qwys}z~urlurx}yx}~uwgy}zwq` oyrtfX~v|yf~YW}v|a|~p{k|~vopsx}yf~p}v|a|~p{k|~d|y~l|q{ n{y~n{y~pcqx|t|u~{ps{qoyrtjX~Zoyo~vmlmzv|~q|y` x|y|~qrg}yx}zwb~i{qp{x|y{~b}y}tb}yh}~ox}z~oexr {tb}y}soy~ {h{z~ myumzsmpmzm~ p}qiwqx}~ i{kx|q` |y|u~ vr}~ |st|p{z{~ p}xwu~ g|y{y~ uy}x{h|q|j W}y}qwz}~ v|y{z~ n{y~ u}qiwzwz~ |k{ux{e{qx|~ vcz` |yu|z~ uy}x{h|~ [sopp}~ n{yv|z~ i|y{ vcz|y|u~Y[t}~cza|~n{xt|u~{ps|y` {tfX~ v|yf~ YR|yqmkmzmz~ d}zi{ rarz}~q|yx|lt{ls{y~lr~[s{z}xwx}yjjjEX C{xoxoi~]yrt}q_wzf~vmlmza|x|y{z{z qczmzm~ v|e{ls{yt|p{~ n}uwtwzv}z [sopp}_zwz~ nr~ v}gy}zwlwzwz~ z|~ v|zx{ voe}xf~ {zp}zawx~ n{y~ q}bw~ icps|yv{e{z{ pcqx|t|p{z|~ u}ylwz~ }pwx~ cz|tx{~ ox}z Zoyoqx}~ Zy}x{h|~ }y}pwzv}u{~ Zoyo }y}pwzv}u{~uozrlt}x}y~Ly|u~{kx|q{a{p{` z{~ aolsryryj~ Zy}x{h|f~ cyz|e{zf~ YR|s|y

p}qwv}~tw~oyvrx}ywEX~q}~v}~YOgx|y{zv|~u|zv{x|y{z|~q|s|` a|u~ u}v}y~ k|zi{zx{ux|y{~ g}y~ twX~ i{n{~ poyrx}y~ poy}yj ]}lx}ywzv}~ d}zi{~ toz}yu_wz~ oxvrerzrf~ }vwzw~ n{x{b n{xt|v{ux|y{z{~cey|zt|u~{ps|yj~Zoyon}lw~YV{h~u{tp|z{z ucx|p{~ v|e{xv{y~ ozx}yX~ v{q|~ q}zwsx}y~ g|y{yj~ [z} Zy}x{h|z{z~smt~poyrx}ywzw~Zoyon}lwzwz~Rrz}zxwx}yw~cg|z pckx|yx|~ q}zwsx}t}pw~ nr~ {kx|q{a{q{~ aolsryryf~ }q}e}~ \wy` x}swyf~[sopp}_q}~qrd~h|u|yj~Zoyon}lwzw~}xuwlx}yj~]rzrzx} v}~q|s{zt|k~hou~u|k~Zoyon}lwzwz~q|y{z|~u|zv{p{~q}zws` x}y~q|s{ls{y{yj~]rzv}z~}t}h~v}d}~pozy}u{~Rrz}z~{kx|q{` a{p{z{z~u}ylwx}l}a}ew~p}dz|q|~[{pudrxop_rz~d}kwyx}vwew uryz}ka}~n{y~srk}uswyj Pls|~s}t~nr~pwy}v}~qoyirzf~q}y}xwf~n{s{u~n{y~d}n|ya{ hwu}i|x{yj~ Z}qiwxw~ p}y}q~ v}zwlt}zx}yw~ oys}pwzv}~ N|yp oyvrprzrz~uoyurzh~q|z{xi{p{z{~}zx}swyj~Z}y}~oyvrpr~g| v|z{k~ \{xoprzrz~ Ly|ux|ya|~ z}pwx~ {td}~ |v{xv{e{z{~ poz v|y|a|~s}y{dp|x~n{y~n|xi|~q}xwzxwewzv}f~cz|tx{~}qywzswx}yw k}t}z~ k}t}z~ gryirx}q}y}u~ {kx|q{a{x|y|~ }us}ywyj~ Zoyo v|dl|sx|~{yu{x{yj~Zoyoqx}~d}n|ya{~}y}pwzv}~hou~a}zxwf~v{}` xoi~ q}bwpwzwz~ [{pudrxop~ |x{zv|~ {q{a|~ n|x{yi{zx|lt|q| n}lx}twl~ ox}z~ cxmtpmk~ imk|xx{us|u{~ uozrlt}x}yw~ q|y }xwyj~ ]msmz~ nr~ qwuwtawx~ uozrlt}x}y~ oys}pwzv}~ [z} Zy}x{h|~[sopp}~oxrtprk~n{y~p|pp{kx{us|~voztrlf~brs~i{n{ n|ux|t|us|v{yj~[y{psobd}z|p~nrzr~YZy}x{h|~}ekwzw~}h}` a}u~v{q|~{kx|q|zx|y{~n|ux|st|u~l}yx}s}zxwus}z~n}lu}~n{y l|q~ v|e{xv{yX~ v{q|~ |x|ls{y{yp|~ v|~ d}upwkxwew~ }b}hwu oys}v}vwyj~ Kys}u~ g|~ v}d}~ hou~ uoyo~ }ekwzv}z~ n|x{yi{z` x|l|z~ box{s{u~ |zv{l|~ u}ylwpwzv}~ [sopp}_zwz~ n{yv|zn{y| oexrzr~ poyt}pw~ u|zv{p{z{z~ z|~ p{q}p}x~ poyrtxrxrerzrf z|~ v|~ icps|yt|u~ koyrzv}~ oxvrer~ }ewyn}lxwxwewqx}~ n}e` v}lwyvwj~ F|~ v|~ u|zv{~ }z}~ }awpwzw~ q|s|y{za|~ n}l}ywqx} h{kt|q|~q}y}yvwj~ZoyoB `Y[yswu~[pq}~soby}ux}ywzwz~d}xux}yw~N|yp~q}p}x}ywz} noqrz~|et|q|a|ux|yjjj~u|zv{~p}d{bx|y{z{z~n{k|~cv|t|q| koyrzxr~ oxvrux}yw~ g|yi{x|y{~ v|~ cv|t|q|a|ux|y~ d{h urlurprkjjjj~ czmtmkv|~ q|yx|y|~ v|u~ |e{xt|q|a|ux|yf nrqryt}twk~ox}z}upwkx}lsw~ozx}y}jjjX~~W}dz|z{z~czmzv| n{y~ hwexwu~ i{n{~ d}quwywy~ z|v|z{z{B~ YZy}xwz~ imam~ qou }yswujjjX Zoyo~ q{s{y{x|z~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ p}g}lwz~ s|t|x g|~ t}vv|p|x~ u}qiwx}yw~ {h{zv|~ vcgmzmb vryryu|zf~ Zy}x{h|~ [sopp}~ nrk~ i{n{~ vozruf d{hn{y~ l|q~ n|x{yx|t|t|q|~ h}n}~ icps|y` v{e{~ p|k{x|z~ p|p~ sozrqx}~ V}n|ya{_q| YR}l}q}z~ g|~ cx|z~ l|\x|y~ u{tEX~ v{q| poy}yj~ [sopp}_zwz~ pckx|y{z{z~ z|~ }zx}t} vmlsmemzm~ }zx}q}z~ }v}t~ n{y}k~ v} umhmtp|`q|y|uB~ YZp|yup|p~ t{X~ v{q|~ q}zwsx}y u|zv{p{z{f~ Yq}lwqoy~ g|~ imzwlwewzw~ icymqoy~ ick` x|y{jjjX~ {ls|~ Zy}x{h|~ [sopp}~ n{yv|zn{y| d|y~ l|q{~ rzrs}y}u~ z|~ uopuoa}~ qwuwx}z {tb}y}soyxrerf~z|~i|x|a|e{f~}t}~oexrzr p|g|zf~ ozrz~ nr~ qwuwtv}z~ a}zwzw~ ury`

8

Güz ‘11


s}yvwewz}~ p|g{z|z~ n{y~ }z}~ ckx|t{qx|~ d}quwywy~ Yu}qiw voxr~n{y~i|a|v|z~pozy}~z|~v|zx{~}qvwzxwu~n{y~imz~n|z{t {h{zjjjX Kqp}~ q}lxw~ v}zwlt}~ mq|x|y{~ }ewy~ v}zpx}yw~ {h{zv| vcgmz|~vcgmz|~box{s{u~n{y~}aw~{h{zv|~U}y{rp_rz~t|k}yw n}lwz}~ qcz|x{yx|yj~ T|k}ywz~ h|gy|p{zv|~ Y@xmtxm~ n{y hckmxmls|~oyvrx}ywzw~uwyvwys}z~o~v|e{xv{f~N|ypx|y~s}zywzwz |p{zs{p{~v|yx|yv{~oz}X~YSmt~voz}zt}twkw~cxmtmz~p{p{ u}bx}vwX~i{n{~pckx|yx|~YL|x~{q{x{ux|y~n}n}pw~U}y{rp~i|xX v{q|~q}xg}ywyx}yj L|yh|us|z~v|~nr~p}dz|~V|zy{~|{x_{z~v|v{e{~i{n{ Yi|yh|u~n{y~s{q}syo~}v}tw~ox}y}u~[{pudrxop_rz~z|y|x|y| v|u~rk}zvwewzw~icps|y{yX~n{k|j~U}y{rp~t|k}ywzwz~{h{zv|z i{ss{uh|~ qmup|x|y|u~ n{y~ icxi|~ i{n{~ }ewy~ }ewy~ nmqmy~ g| q}qwxwyj~ Rrz}z~ {kx|q{a{p{z{zf~ hou~ uoyusrer~ U}y{rp_rz t|k}ywzv}z~ hwut}pw~ u}ylwpwzv}~ v|dl|sx{~ n{y~ b}z{e|~ g| uoyurq}~ u}bwxvwewzw~ n{x{qoyrkj~ F|~ u{~ i|y{v|~ u}xtwl trsxr~ imzx|y{z~ q}xzwka}~ n{y~ icxi|p{v{y~ nrj~ U}y{rp~ Zy}x{h|~ ~Zoyo~}y}pwzv}u{~uozrlt}x}yv}z~nr~{xuh}ewz {u{za{~ nmqmu~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ p}g}lwzwz~ cs|u{~ }qywzswx}ywzw v}d}~ n{y~ q}uwzv}z~ cey|z{y{kj~ U}y{rp~ p}hw~ {x|~ rey}l}z Zy}x{h|q|~ g|~ q}lxw~ v}zwlt}~ mq|x|y{z|~ n}u}y}u~ doyok p|p{z{z~ vrqrxt}pwqx}~ n{yx{us|~ q|z{v|z~ q}g}l~ q}g}l t|k}ywzwz~v|y{zx{ux|y{z|~pmkmxmyf~ozx}y}~n{xi{hh|~lrzx}yw cemsx|q|y|uB~ YZcsmxmux|y~ oys}pwzv}~ z|~ v|zx{~ trsprk oxryp}zwk~ oxrzrkf~ q{z|~ v|~ d|y~ imzmz~ p{k|~ i|s{yv{e{ bwywxswxw~uwg}za}~u}b}zt}qwzwk~yrdx}ywzwkwj~2zrst}qwzwk vopsx}yB~ @xmx|y~ u}swzv}~ k|zi{zx{u~ d{hn{y~ {l|~ q}y}twqoy Y[awzwz~g|~q|z{xi{z{z~|z~ozrxt}k~zous}pwvwy~nrjX~Zoyof Y:{tv{z{z~g|~i|x|a|e{z~n{k|~z|x|y~d}kwyx}vwewzw~cey|z` t|ux|~ }aw~ h|u{qoyrtX~ v{q|~ twywxv}zwyj~ ]r~ }y}v} {hx|y{zv|~ s|u~ uwg}zaw~ u}xtwl~ ox}z~ [sopp}~ cza|x{ux| u|zv{z|~ i|x{yf~ z|~ n{y~ uy}x{h|j~ R}xzwka}~ oexrzrz q}l}vwewzw~cey|z|z~n{y~}z}vwy~oj~S|u~mkmzsmpm~v|~lr~}z oexrzrz~i{qp{x|y{z{~vmlmzvmuh|~vrqvrer~s|v{yi{zx{us{yj Umlmzm~q}lwqoy~i{n{v{y~[sopp}j~R}lxw~v}zwlt}~mq|x|y{z{ U}y{rp_rz~t|k}yw~n}lwzv}~q}xzwk~nwy}uwb~p}y}q}f~oexrz} d}kwyxwux}y~q}bt}u~{h{z~h|u{x{yj R|z{xi{v|z~ vcz|z~ Zp|yup|p_{z~ p}dz|q|~ i{y{l{qx| n{yx{us|~Zoyo~oxrtprk~}hwpwzv}z~c\u|qx|~pwqywx}y}u~u|z` v{p{z|~ qcz|x{yj~ V|yd}zi{~ n{y~ p}xvwywv}~ nrxrzt}kp}~ v} |x{zv|~ uoyurzh~ n{y~ p{x}d~ g}yvwyf~ ozr~ qcz|xs{y~ i|zh nrqyruhrq}j~ Kqz}q}~ kwbx}q}~ p}g}l}~ i{ss{e{~ vopsx}ywzwf n{yx{us|~ nmqmvmem~ }yu}v}lx}ywzwf~ p|gi{x{~ urt}zv}z` x}ywzw~ poy}y~ u|zv{p{zv|zj~ V|t~ v|~ }vx}ywzw~ n{y~ n{y p}q}y}uj~ F|y|v|~ u}xvwux}ywzwf~ z{h{z~ q}xzwk~ vczvmemzm t|y}u~|v|yt{lh|p{z|j~L|zh~uy}x~}awqx}~d}quwywyj~Zoyo n{y~|zi|y|u~qwx}zwzwz~k|d{y{zv|z~v}d}~}awf~v}d}~u}dy|v{` a{~ prhx}t}pwzw~ n{y~ sou}s~ i{n{~ h}yb}y~ pry}swz}B~ YKzx}y cxvmf~p|z_p|~q}lwqoyprzjX [pxwzv}~ Zp|yup|p_wz~ uoyozrz~ x}z|sx|t|x|y{ |lx{e{zv|~ p}y}q}~ i{y{l{~ U}y{rp_rz~ t|k}ywz}~ pmkmxmlmz` v|z~b|u~\}yuxw~v|e{xv{yj

Güz ‘11

:{tv{~ poyrx}a}u~ poyr~ lrvryB~ W}x}t{z~ p}g}lwzv}z pozy}~[{pudrxop_rz~q|z{xi{z~N|yp~p}y}qwzw~p|ht|us|u{ }t}aw~ z|v{yE~ ]r~ poyrqr~ q}zwsx}t}v}z~ cza|~ uwp}a} [{pudrxop~{h{z~n{x{z|z~g|~vmlmza|p{z{z~p}z}swzv}~cxmt` pmkx|lt|p{z{~p}ex}q}z~n}kw~n{xi{x|y|~ick~}st}us}~q}y}y g}yB [{pudrxop~ d}uuwzv}~ n{xv{e{t{k~ |z~ }b}hwu~ i|yh|u u|zv{p{z{z~{xuh}ewz~|z~uoyurzh~p}g}lx}ywzv}z~n{y{~ox}z T}y}sdoz~p}g}lwz}~u}swxtwl~oxvrervryj~[{pudrxop_r~nr p}g}lwz~z}pwx~|su{x|t{l~oxvrer~smt~q}bwsx}ywzv}~v|y{z` x|t|p{z|~n{y~}hwuxwux}~icymxmyj~]r~n}uwtv}z~u|zv{p{z` v|z~A6==~qwx~pozy}~i|x|a|u~n{y~s{q}syoarzrz~Mj~Umzq} W}g}lw~u}ylwpwzv}~rey}vwew~ucuxm~v|e{l{tv|z~n{y~}qyw` a}xwew~qou~i{n{v{yj~D|bd|v|~b}sx}q}z~n{y~onmps|z~uoyurb N{pu}soy_r~h}grlr~koyx}~vryvryvrerzv}~p{g{x~q}l}tv}` u{~ rey}lwpwzwz~ z|~ oxvrerzr~ poy}y~ u|zv{p{zv|zj D|d|zz|t~}s|lx|y{~{h{zv|~YS{q}syoarqrtf~s{q}syoarjjjX v{q|~ q}zwsx}y~ u|zv{p{z{~ N{pu}soyj~ <}grl~ u}du}d}x}yx} imxt|q|~ n}lx}yj~ 3|~ v|~ N{pu}soy~ {xu~ u|k~ s{q}syoar oxt}zwz~ q}l}twz~ vwlwz}~ vml|z~ q}xzwkxwewzw~ v|dl|sx| vrq}y~u|zv{p{zv|j~]rzv}z~ncqx|~p}z}swzwz~s|t|x~}t}aw p}g}lx}ywz~ z|v|z{z{f~ q}l}twf~ {zp}zx}ywz~ pwzw\p}x~ u}g` i}pwzw~ }hwux}q}n{x|a|uf~ smt~ nrzx}yw~ ura}ux}q}n{x|a|u rey}lx}y~g|yt|us{yj F}pwx~N{pu}soy_r~Mj~Umzq}~W}g}lw~ucus|z~|su{x|t{l g|~v|e{ls{yt{lp|~A6==~qwx~cza|u{~n{y~i|zh~s{q}syoarqr v}~ T}y}sdoz~ p}g}lwzv}~ icyvmux|y{~ }qzw~ v|dl|sx|~ |su` {x|t{ls{y~v|z|n{x{yj~Z|p{z~ox}y}u~n{x{qoyrk~u{~[{pudrxop q|yqmkm~{zp}zx}ywzwz~nr~{xu~icyvmem~|tb|yq}x{ps~p}g}l u}ylwpwzv}~ {zp}zx}ywz~ i|x|a|e{~ g|~ q}kiwpw~ uozrprzv} v|y{z~ v|y{z~ vmlmzt|q|~ n}lx}twlswyj~ 7}\|y~ l}yuwx}ywzwz n}lvczvmymam~ aolurprz}~ u}ylwz~ icyvmux|y{f~ s}zwu oxvrux}yw~d{h~v|~imk|x~g|~oxrtxr~oxirx}y~v|e{xv{y~{zp}z q}l}twzv}j~F|v|z~p}g}lt}us}vwyx}y~{zp}zx}yE~F|v|zE ]{yn{y{zv|z~ imk|x~ {u{~ uwk~ u}yv|l|~ n|zk|ss{e{ Rrz}zxwx}yx}~ ~N|ypx|y~}y}pwzv}~pmyvmymxmb~icsmymx|z~nr p}g}lwz~ ucymux|q{a{x|y{~ u{tx|yv{yf~ s|t|xv|u{~ z|v|zx|y z|v{yE~1xu|p{zv|~poqxr~ox}z~n{y~u{l{~q|z{xv{e{zv|f~poqxr oxt}q}z~n{y{z{z~n{x|~ucx|p{~ox}n{xt|us|v{yE [{pudrxop_rz~q}l}vwew~sobxrt~ucx|a{~my|s{t~n{h{` t{z{z~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ }l}t}q}~ i|xt{l~ v}q}ztwl~ vcz|` t{v{y~ }yswuj~ R}z{~ Twpwy_v}zf~ C|z{u|x{x|yv|zf ;{vq}xwx}yv}z~ }xwz}a}u~ g|yi{x|yx|~ Pozq}`W{s|~ v|gx|sx|y{ mk|y{z|~uryrx}a}u~d}u{t{q|s~s}yswlt}x}ywzwz~imzv|tv| oxvrer~vcz|tv{y~nr~vcz|tj~L|x{lt{l~ox}z~my|s{t~imh` x|y{z{z~ }hwu~ }hwu~ n|x{yi{zx|lt|q|~ n}lx}vwewf~ uoxoz{q}x p{ps|t{z~ i|x{ls{y{xv{e{~ }yu}{u~ g|~ by{t{s{\~ vcz|tx|yv|z pozy}~ i|x|z~ ucx|~ cza|p{~ vcz|t{z~ }l}t}pwzw~ s}t}t` x}qwb~my|s{t~n{h{t{z{~s}t~ucx|a{~my|s{t~n{h{t{~ox}y}u n|x{yx|v{e{~vcz|tv{yj ]cqx|~ n{y~ sobxrt~ q}bwpwz}~ n}uswewzv}~ i|zh [{pudrxop~qczs|t{z{~n|x{yx|y~cza|B~smt~poyrz~icyvmu` x|y{t{k{f~ s}zwu~ oxvrux}ywtwkwf~ q}~ v}~ cyz|e{z~ [y{oz_rz

9


q}bswew~ i{n{~ [vy|ps|p~ }vxw~ u}dy}t}zwz~ }awxw~ t{soxoJ{u q}l}twzw~|x{t{kv|~x{y_x|~n}lu}x}ywz}~}us}yt}ux}~q|s{z` t|t|us{yj~ Pls|~ cza|~ nr~ qczmqx|~ [{pudrxop~ h}ev}lw Wobdoux|p_s|z~nmqmu~n{y~\}yux}~}qywxwyj~Wobdoux|p~u|z` v{p{z|~cyz|e{z~Vot|yop~q}~v}~ncxi|p|x~ox}z~t{soxoJ{u ce|x|y{~s|t|x{z{~}y}lswyt}v}zf~n|xx{~n{y~|x|ls{y{~g|~u|zv{ sobxrtrzrz~ i|yh|ux|y{qx|~ qoyrtx}t}~ u}qiwpwzw~ vrq` t}v}z~}x}n{xv{e{z|~y}d}sh}~{lx|q{b~}us}ytwlf~n}kw~q}b` swew~ t{soxoJ{u~ v|e{ls{yt|x|yp|~ [s{z}`W{s|~ v|gx|s{z{z y|pt{~ icymlmz|~ v}d}~ v}~ rqirz~ vmlpmz~ v{q|~ i|yh|u` x|ls{y{xt{ls{yj~ K~ z|v|zx|~ v|~ [s{z}~ W{s|_p{z{z~ y|pt{ p}z}shwpw~z{s|x{e{z{~u}k}ztwlf~n}lwzv}z~k}\|y~h|x|zux|y{ d|t|z~ d|t|z~ d{h~ {zt|t{lf~ n{y~ }y}xwu~ &pb}ys}xwx}yx} q}bwx}z~ ncxi|p|x~ p}g}lx}yv}~ [s{z}~ oyvrx}ywzwz~ n}lur` t}zv}zxwewzw~ n{x|~ mpsx|zt{ls{yj~ 1h~ nmqmu~ sy}i|v{} rps}pwzv}z~[{pudrxopf~Ory{b{v|p~mxu|x|y{zv|z~pmymxtml voevrux}yw~ u|zsx|yv|zf~ vopsx}yv}z~ rk}u~ cxmyx|yu|z Wobdoux|p~ [s{z}_v}~ p}xs}z}swzw~ pmyvmymqoyvr~ y}d}s y}d}sj~[t}~q{z|~v|~Ory{b{v|p_{z~cxmtm~p}ytwlswy~u|z` v{p{z{~ uoa}twl~ q}lwzv}~ T|uov}zq}~ toz}yuwzwz ucb|ux|y{z|~ b}yh}x}z}y}u~ cxvmem~ d}n|y{z{~ }xvwewzv} Wobdoux|p~YKv{brp~Zoxoz_v}Xpw~{h{z~poz~nrqyrux}ywzw g|y{qoyvr~ uoyoprz}~ g|~ oqrzarx}ywz}j~ Kqrzarx}y~ g| uoyo~ p}dz|q|~ hwuswewzv}~ h|x|zup{k~ g|~ q}xwz~ }q}uswx}yj Z|zv{p{~v|~ozx}yx}~n{yx{us|~t}s|t~i{qp{x|y{qx|~g|~q}xw` z}q}u~hwusw~p}dz|q|j~W}dz|v|~G=~q}lwzwz~imamqx|~rxr` q}y}u~}ex}vwj~W}n}dwz~}x}a}u}y}zxwewzv}~q|yx|y{z{~}xtwl A.==~ qwx~ cza|p{z{z~ s{q}syo~ {kx|q{a{x|y{~ v|dl|sx|~ q|y` x|y{zv|z~\wyx}vwx}yj~V{h~oxt}kp}~Ory{b{v|p~{h{z~nr~s}t n{y~q}p~imzm~oxvr~v|z|n{x{yj Kqp}~ {xuh}ewz~ {xu~ q}kwxw~ s{q}syo~ t|s{zx|y{z{z v{q}x|us{u~ i|yh|uh{p{~ [{pudrxop~ {h{z~ ncqx|~ n{y~ ozry` x}zvwyt}~ n{x|~ pck~ uozrpr~ oxt}twlswy~ [s{z}~ p{s|p{zv|j <mzum~[{pudrxop~h}ewzwz~y|pt{~icymlmqx|~}x}n{xv{e{z| s}n}z~s}n}z}~kws~n{y~q}k}yvwj Sobxrtp}x~ox}qx}ywz~z|v|z{z{~u|zv{~q}l}vwew~ucx|` a{~ sobxrtv}~ v|y{zx|t|p{z|~ {yv|x|t|u~ {ps|q|z~ i|zh [{pudrxop~ pozrzv}~ lrzr~ icymyB~ /zp}zx}ywz~ smt v}gy}zwlx}yw~pozrzv}f~u}hwzwxt}k~n{y~n{h{tv|~oys}q}~n{y YV}uX~ poyrzrzr~ i|s{y{b~ nwy}uwqoyj~ [{pudrxop_}~ icy| q}l}twz~ck~u|zv{p{~n{x|~hou~u}yt}lwu~n{y~n{h{tv|~n{y hou~ v|e{l{u~ YV}uXx}yw~ u}ylw~ u}ylwq}~ i|s{y{b~ nwy}uwqoyj [{pudrxop~n{yn{y{z{z~u}ylwpwz}~vmltml~YV}uXx}ywz~}qz^ urgg|ss|f~}qz^~p}qiwqw~rq}zvwy}n{xv{e{z{~v|~icymqoyj~]r u}ylw~ u}ylwq}~ vmltmlf~ k}t}z~ k}t}z~ }qzw~ |lv|e|yv| imhxm~ YV}uXx}ywz~ u}yt}lwu~ vryrtrzv}~ Y[U[;OSX z}pwx~q}yiwx}zwb~v}~oys}q}~hwu}ywx}n{x|a|us{yE Smt~ czq}yiwx}ywzwf~ mps~ q}bw~ uryrtx}ywzwz~ u|zv{` p{z|~nrimz|~v|e{z~n|xx|ss{ux|y{z{~qwuwb~q|z{v|z~uryt}u {ps|q|z~ {xuh}ewz~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ }l}t}v}u{~ nr~ p}z}shw` vmlmzmym~ YV}uXx}y~ poyrzrzr~ lcqx|p{z|~ v{q}x|us{u~ n{y i|yh|uh{x{ux|~ |x|~ }xwb~ pozrhx}zvwyt}q}~ h}n}~ icps|y{yB Z}ylw~ u}ylwq}~ vmltml~ q}~ v}~ v}d}~ }hwu~ n{y~ v|q{lx|

10

n{y{n{y{qx|~ h}swl}z~ {u{~ YV}uXs}z~ n{y{~ g}yvwy~ }pxwzv}j [{pudrxop~nrzr~lcqx|~}hwux}yB~h}uwl}z~{u{~YV}uXs}z~n{y{ YLOI<OZ~ V[ZX~ cs|u{qp|~ YL@I1FS1~ V[ZXswyj <mzum~ }pxwzv}~ YV[ZX~ n{y~ g|~ s|us{yj~ YLcymzsm~ V}uXf YL|yh|u~ V}uXs}z~ }xwy~ wlwewzwj~ Kzv}z~ u}qz}ux}zwyj ]}k|z~ cqx|~ vryrtx}y~ ox}n{x{y~ u{~ YLcymzsm~ V}uX YL|yh|u~V}uXuw~icxi|x|q|n{x|a|u~n{y~wlwu~g|~b}ywxswqx} {xu~ n}uwls}~ smt~ n}uwlx}yw~ g|~ v{uu}sx|y{~ u|zv{~ mk|y{zv| sobx}q}n{x{yj~YL|yh|u~V}uXs}z~u}qz}ux}zvwewzw~ickx|y` v|z~ i{kx{q|n{x{yj~ YPls|X~ v|y~ Y[{pudrxop~ smt~ vy}twtwk nry}v}z~ u}qz}ux}zt}us}vwyjX~ Woyrz~ n{y~ g|~ s|u~ ox}z YV}uXwz~ s}t~ u}ylwpwz}~ vml|z~ YLcymzsm~ V}uXwz~ ick u}t}lswywaw~ b}yx}uxwewzv}zf~ {xxmkqozrzv}z~ >q}zwxp}t}? q}u}zwkw~urys}ywb~o~s|u~g|~n{y{a{u~ox}z~YV}uXuwz~q}bwpw` z}~icy|~q}yiwx}t}twkw~i|yh|ux|ls{yt|t{kv{yj~<mzum~nr s|u~ g|~ n{y{a{u~ YV}uXuwz~ p}bs}zt}pwqx}~ v}~ q|s{zt|u ox}z}upwkvwyj~ Pzp}z~ trsxrxrerzr~ g|~ {zp}z~ q}yiwpwzw {q{a|~}hwuxwe}~u}grlsry}n{xt|t{k~{h{z~nr~s|u~g|~n{y{a{u ox}z~YV}uXuwz~p}bs}zt}pwqx}~v}~q|s{zt|u~ox}z}upwkvwyj Pzp}z~ trsxrxrerzr~ g|~ {zp}z~ q}yiwpwzw~ {q{a|~ }hwuxwe} u}grlsry}n{xt|t{k~ {h{z~ nr~ s|u~ g|~ n{y{a{u~ ox}z~ YV}uX trsx}u~n{y~n{h{tv|~n{y~q}z}~}{s~oxt}pwz}~y}et|z~oz} pwtpwuw~ n}exwf~ pozprk}~ v|u~ u|zv{p{z{z~ v|e{xf~ i|h{a{~ g| u}qiwzvwyj~ Pzp}z~ }pxwzv}~ Yd}uXuwzw~ u|zv{p{zv|~ pwtpwuw srst}qw~n|a|y|t|k~b|uj~YV}uXuwzw~}l}y~hoer~u|kj~Pls| nr~}lt}~pmy|p{za|~s|u~g|~trsx}u~ox}z~V}u~nr~u|k~p}d{b v|e{ls{y|a|u~ n}lu}pwzv}~ sobx}zt}q}~ i{v|y|u~ s}t u}ylwpwzv}u{zv|~ n{x|~ i{ss{uh|~ qoerzx}lt}q}~ n}lx}q}` n{x{yj U{q}x|us{u~ rqirx}t}zwz~ z}pwx~ cxmtpmk~ n{y~ cxhms ox}y}u~smt~n{y~p}z}s~q}bwpwz}~q}zpwvwewzwf~{zp}zx}ywz~g| sobxrtx}ywz~ q}l}tx}ywz}~ nr~ v{q}x|us{u~ cxhmsmz~ z}pwx rqirx}zvwewzw~ icyt|t{k~ {h{z~ l{tv{~ q|z{v|z~ N|ypx|y_| vczt|t{k~i|y|ut|us|v{yj WKI2T272~q{z|x|q|y|u~u|p{z~q}zwswzw~nrx}n{x{` y{kB~ W}x}t{z~ k}\|y{zv|z~ pozy}~ [{pudrxop_rz~ q|z{xi{z N|yp~ p}y}qwzw~ p|ht|us|u{~ }t}aw~ z|v{yE~ <ou~ u{l{z{z p}zvwewza}~Ly|ux|y{z~k}\|yx|y{z{~cxmtpmk~q}bwswqx}~s}h` x}zvwyt}u~ twE~ Uoeyr~ nrzrz~ s}t~ u}ylwpwzv}vwyj [{pudrxop~W}x}t{z~k}\|y{z{~umhmtp|t|k~d{h~urlurprkj F{a|~q{e{sf~qrysp|g|y~u{l{z{z~nr~p}g}lx}yv}~q{ss{e{z{~n{x{yj 1xu|x|y{~ {h{z~ cxtmlx|yv{y~ ozx}yj~ @xmtpmkx|l|a|us{y }vx}ywj~W}xvwyi}z}~u}ylw~g|y{x|z~p}g}l~|z~YV}uXuw~u|z` v{p{zv|~qoerzx}lswy}zf~n{y~i{qp{~i{n{~|z~u|zv{p{z{z~ox}z YV}uXswyj~ ]cqx|~ oxt}pwz}~ ncqx|v{y~ }t}f~ {ls|~ nrzrzx} q|s{z{xt|p{~i|y|ut|us|v{yj~T|v~p}g}lx}ywzwz~n|xv{y|e{` z{~oxrlsry}z~N|ypx|y{z~p}xvwywx}ywzw~{h|y|z~T}y}sdoz~g| W}x}t{z~ p}g}lx}ywzv}z~ pozy}~ [{pudrxop~ v|dl|sx|~ }yswu [s{z}~|tb|yq}x{kt{z{z~sotryarux}ywzw~b}sx}sswewzwf~\{x{` kx|zt|x|y{z~noq~}sswewzw~icyt|us|v{yj~]rzrz~{h{z~[s{z} |tb|yq}x{ps~ imhx|y{z|~ u}ylw~ hwu}yj~ @k|xx{ux|~ U}y{rp_rz t|k}ywzv}z~ u}xut}~ p}dz|p{qx|~ Rrz}z~ {kx|q{a{p{z{z uoyurqx}~ {yu{xv{e{z{~ n{x{qoyrkj~ [t}~ nr~ p}dz|qx|~ }pwx

Güz ‘11


[s{z}~ |tb|yq}x{kt{z{z~ pckamx|y{~ vryrtrz}~ i|xt|q| n}lx}twl~ox}z~i|z|y}xx|y{~rq}yt}u~{ps|yj~]r~|tb|yq}x` {ps~ |e{x{tx{~ i|z|y}xx|y{z~ n}lwzv}~ v}~ d{h~ urlurprk W}x}t{z~k}\|y{z{~u}k}ztwl~ox}z~Sd|t{psoux|p~i|xt|u` s|v{yj~ 1ps|x{u~ i|z|y}x~ }y{psouy}s~ b}ys{z{z~ v|~ i|z|x n}lu}zwvwyj~ N}ys{~ smtmqx|~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ }uwtx}ywz~ u|z` v{p{zv|~ sobx}zvwew~ n{y~ b}ys{v{y~ g|~ i|z|y}x~ n}lwzv}u{ k}\|y~ h|x|zi{qx|~ voeyrpr~ i{ss{uh|~ [s{z}~ g|~ Ly|u |tb|yq}x{kt{z~ pckampm~ vryrtrz}~ i|xt|us|v{yj~ ]{y pmy|~cza|~p|h{xv{e{~}ydozsxrer~q|z{v|z~u}k}zt}pw~{ls|z n{x|~ v|e{xv{y~ n|xu{~ v|j~ [t}~ rzrst}t}twk~ i|y|u{y~ u{ [{pudrxop~ d|zmk~ nr~ vcz|tv|~ q}xzwk~ v|e{xv{yj~ ]}ywlhw vopsx}yw~v}~g}yvwyj~Z|zv{p{z{z~p}z}swz}~g|~vmlmza|p{z| poz~ v|y|a|v|~ p}qiwxwjjj~ @yz|e{zf~ cxmtpmk~ oqrzr N|ypx|y{z~ Yt|p|zX{~ A=~ q}lwzv}u{f~ pozy}v}z~ hou mzx|z|a|u~ox}z~N|y{ux|p_s{yj Zy}x{h|~ [sopp}_zwz~ oza}~ vmlt}z~ n{y p}y}qwz~ }z}~ uy}x{h|p{~ oxt}us}z~ cs|~ nrza} {zp}zawxf~nrza}~}awxw~n{y~}z}~ox}y}u~h{k{xt|p{z{z }t}aw~n}lu}~z|~ox}n{x{yE~[{pudrxop~uy}x{h|qx| }b}hwu~ rq}yt}us}vwy~ p}xvwyw~ smyumx|y{ q}u}zx}ywB~W{k{z~v|~}z}x}ywzwk~{ls|~n{y~imz ncqx|~ vcgmz|n{x{yjjj~ R}~ b|u{~ v}zwlt} t|ax{p{z{z~ o~ q}lxw~ n}lxw~ u{l{x|y{f~ p{k{z n}n}x}ywtwkv}z~ z|~ }qywtw~ g}y~ ozx}ywzjj Zy}x~ Zp|yup|p_{z~ vczml~ p}dz|p{zv|~ {p| {h{z|~ vmlsmem~ hwuwlw~ oxt}q}z~ q}xzwkxwuf }yswu~q}l}p}~n{x|~u|zv{p{~{h{z~q}l}twz~n{y s}vw~ u}xt}vwewzwf~ smt~ }yu}v}lx}ywzwzf p|gv{e{~ vopsx}ywzwz~ cxvmux|y{z{~ gryir` x}q}y}u~p{ti|x|yj Smt~ nrzx}yv}z~ pozy}~ u|p{z~ n{x` i{t{k~lrvryB~7}\|y~aolurprqx}~p}n}dwz }x}a}u}y}zxwewzv}~ s{q}syoqr~ voxvry}z Ly|u~ {kx|q{a{x|y{~ oqrzrz~ n{s{t{zv| aolurxr~oxt}us}z~cs|~u}qiwxw~g|~vmlmza|` x{v{yx|yj~ Sd|t{psoux|p_{z~ [{pudrxop_rz pmymxt|p{~uozrprzv}~d}xu~oqx}t}pwz}~n}lgry` t}~{ps|t{zv|~nrxrz}a}ew~}ioy}v}~uwp}~k}t}z` v}~urx}us}z~urx}e}~q}qwxt}q}~n}lx}yjjj

t}s|yq}x{psx|y{~ q}zwzv}~ {xuh}e~ v{q}x|us{u~ i|yh|uh{ oxrlrvryj~U{q}x|us{u~i|yh|uh{x{e{z{z~n{ka|~nrxirx}yw~d{h urlurprk~ qczs|tp|x~ ox}y}u~ u}n}a}~ lrzx}yvwy~ v{q| pwy}x}q}n{x{y{k~v|B iV Lcymz|z~ i|yh|ux|~ q|s{z{xt|q|a|e{z{z~ qczs|t ox}y}u~u}gy}zt}pw WV Kx}qx}ywz~n{yn{y{z{~{x|s{l{t~g|~|su{x|l{tx|~pmy|u` x{~n{y~n{h{tv|~oxrlsryvrux}ywzwz~u|p{z~gryirx}zt}pwj TV Ury}e}zxwewz~ q}vpwzt}pwqx}~ v|e{l|n{x{yx{e{z {kx|zt|p{j V{h~ urlurprkf~ qczs|tp|x~ q}ux}lwtwz~ {h|y{e{zv| h}ewzwz~ |x|ls{y{p{~ q}st}us}f~ h}ewzw~ v{q}x|us{u~ n{y n{h{tv|~ qoyrtx}t}~ {ps|t{~ s|t|x~ ci|~ ox}y}u~ g}yxwewzw uoyrt}us}vwyj [{pudrxop~ q}l}vwew~ sobxrtrz~ ucx|a{`|tb|yq}x{ps q}bwpwzw~g|~ozrz~mps~uryrtx}ywzw~|x|ls{yt|v|~Y7{za{y| 3ryrxr~ Nyot|sd|rpX~ }vxw~ oqrzrqx}~ voyru~ zous}pwz} rx}lwyj~YN|ypx|yX~oqrzr~ucx|a{~sobxrtrz~t}x~g|~s{a}y|s s|t|x{z|~osry}z~{xuh}e~|tb|yq}x{kt{z{z~z}pwx~u|p{z~g| q}xwz~v{q}x|us{u~n{y~|x|ls{y{p{~{x|~Y7{za{y|~3ryrxr Nyot|sd|rpX~v}~|tb|yq}x{ps~p}g}lx}ywz~u}q` z}ux}zvwew~u|zv{~ck~q}bwpwzwzf~u|zv{~my|s{t n{h{t{z{z~q}xwz~v{q}x|us{u~n{y~|x|ls{y{p{v{yj [{pudrxop~ q}l}vwew~ h}ewz~ ucx|a{ sobxrtrz}~ n}uswewzv}B~ YUcys~ n{y h|gy|tv|~ozrxt}k~}aw~h|u|zx|y~icymqo` yrt~ d|bX~ v|yj~ ]r~ ickx|t~ i|yh|uh{~ n{y ickx|tv{y~ v|z|n{x{y~ n|xu{j~ [t}~ v{q}x|us{u i|yh|uh{~ox}n{xt|p{~{h{z~v|e{l|n{x{yx{e{f~box{` s{u~i{yv{x|y{f~}{s~g|~mps~q}bw~{x{lu{x|y{z{~u|z` v{p{zv|~ov}ux}lswyt}pwzw~n{x|n{xt|x{v{yj~3| v|~ Y7{za{y|~ 3ryrxr~ Nyot|sd|rpX~ {ls| nrzrz~|z~p|hu{zf~|z~|lp{k~cyz|ux|y{zv|z n{y{v{yj~ ]r~ v|e{l|n{x{yx{e{z~ ozryxrf qrtrl}t}q}z~n}lu}xvwywlwvwyj S}zywx}y~ u}swzv}z~ }swxwy~ Nyot|sd|rp q|yqmkmz|f~ cxmtxm~ {zp}zx}y~ }y}pwz}j~ K v}~n{y~s}zywvwy~}pxwzv}j~[t}~u|zv{~pwzw\w` z}~{d}z|s~|st{l~n{y~s}zywvwy~Nyot|sd|rpj~Rouprxxru~g| n{xi{p{kx{u~{h{zv|~|x~qoyv}twqx}~q}l}q}zx}ywz~q}yvwtwz} uoltrlsryj~ Pus{v}ywz~ g|~ koyn}xwewz~ |lx{e{zv|~ sob}x v|t{ya{~V|bd}{psop~s}y}\wzv}z~n{y~u}q}q}~k{za{yx|~gryr` x}z~Nyot|sd|rp_}~v}~|z~hou~{ls|~nr~sob}x~v|t{ya{~l}l` t}us}vwyj Kqrzr~{u{~ncxmt|~}qwyt}u~ox}pwvwyj~]r~ncxmtx|y [{pudrxop_rz~ v{q}x|us{u~ |x|ls{y{p{z{z~ }t}awz}~ g| q}bwpwz}~rqirz~ox}y}u~Po_zrz~p}dz|p{z{z~n{s{t{z|~v|u ox}z~ ncxmtx|~ ozv}z~ pozy}u{~ Nyot|sd|rp~ ~ Zoyo~ V|yt|p~mhxm~p}dz|p{zv|z~n{s{t|~v|u~rk}z}z~ncxmtvmyj Po~ p}dz|p{z{z~ n{s{t{z|~ v|u~ }zx}swx}zx}y~ |i|t|z pwzw\x}ywz~s}zywx}ltwl~srsurx}ywf~u|zv{~}y}x}ywzv}u{~rqrl` t}kxwux}ywf~ cxmtx|y|~ q}bwx}z~ }awt}pwka}~ {lx|tx|yx| Nyot|sd|rp_rz~nrzx}y~u}ylwpwzv}u{~q}xzwkxwewf~n}ywlswy`

:LI>NO;GIG'GI>MIO-L'JLCO7>LIO=NJ <MIJG3O*JBFLCLAE T[IZW~poz~v|y|a|~cz|tx{~q}bwsw~Zrsp}x~[{x|_v| >Ovj~Woa{}x|p~Wj~M.5?~Ly|u~\|xp|\|p{~uozrprzv}~q}bswew cz~ }y}lswyt}x}yv}~ u|p{z~ ox}y}u~ YPzi{x{k~ g|~ Cy}zpwk t}s|yq}x{kt{z{z~U|touy{sop~g|~Ob{umyop_rz~t}s|yq}x` {ps~ \|xp|\|p{qx|~ pwuw~ pwuw~ n{y~ n}ex}zswpw~ nrxrzvrerzrX p}bs}vwewzw~pcqx|yj ]{k~\|xp|\|v|~urxx}zwx}z~t}s|yq}x{ps~vmlmza|~qcz` s|t{~u}ylwxwewzw~n}kw~p}z}sp}x~poyrzx}ywtwkw~}hwux}t}pw n}uwtwzv}z~v{q}x|us{u~i|yh|uh{~n{h{t{zv|~}zx}y~g|~urx` x}zwyp}u~ o~ k}t}z~ v{q|a|e{t{k~ [{pudrxop_rz~ {xuh}e

Güz ‘11

11


t}~{ps|ux|y{z|~u}ylw~hwuwlwvwyj~]r~ncxmtv|~n{yn{y{zv|z smtmqx|~ \}yuxw~ {u{~ pwzw\wz~ g}yxwew~ poz~ v|y|a|~ n}l}ywxwf cxmtpmk~imk|xx{us|u{~n|s{tx|t|x|yx|~h{k{x{yj~@xmtxmx|y{ lcqx|p{z|~ }zx}swy~ n{k|~ YPzp}zx}y~ n}lx}ziwhs}~ icyt|v|z n}uwqoyx}yf~ }zx}t}v}z~ v{zx{qoyx}yf~ vmlx|y~ i{n{~ l|u{xp{k p}xx}zwb~ vryrqoyx}yvwj~ Soby}us}z~ q}bwxtwl~ |gx|y{~ n{x| qousrj~ Zwp}a}pw~ soby}u~ }xswzv}~ q}l}q}z~ u}z}sxw~ u}ywz` a}x}y~i{n{qv{x|yj~Kzx}y~{h{z~z|~uwlwzf~z|~h{h|ux{~n}d}ywzf z|~n|y|u|sx{~q}kwz~img|za|~g|y|z~n{y~q}zw~g}yvwj~[t} l{tv{~ nrzx}y~ smtv|z~ v|e{lt{ls{yj~ Nyot|sd|rp~ ozx}y} p}v|a|~ }s|l{~ g|yt|ux|~ u}xt}twl~ smt~ nr~ p}z}sx}ywz uwp}a}pwf~ |t|e{z~ q}y}st}~ n{x{za{z{z~ uwgwxawtwzwz~ v} h}ut}pwz}~ z|v|z~ oxtrlsryj~ Pzp}zx}y~ YV}uXpwka}~ u|z` v{p{z{~ q|yqmkmzv|z~ u}kwt}u~ {ps|q|z~ s}zywx}ltwl~ n{y n|za{xx{e{~ vryvry}z~ {y}v|z{z~ i|s{yv{e{~ \wyp}sw~ v|e|y` x|zv{y|y|u~ Yimz~ wlwewzwz~ u}bwpwzv}~ }zx}tpwk~ d}xu}x}y h{kv{e{~ }zx}tpwkxwu~ t}e}y}pwzv}z~ hwu}y}uX~ p}g}l} u}swx}a}uf~ d|t~ u|zv{p{z{~ s}zywx}y}~ |l~ n{y~ qma|xst|q| qcz|xs|a|uf~ d|t~ v|~ Nyot|sd|rp_r~ k{za{yx|y{zv|z~ ury` s}y}a}uswyj~ Zoyo~ nr~ v|e{l{ux{e{z~ i|yh|ux|lt|q|a|e{z{f q|yqmkmzmz~ |\|zv{p{~ 7|rp_rz~ nrqryt}us}z~ n}lu}~ n{y q}yiwpw~ oxt}q}a}ewzw~ rtrsprk~ n{y~ v}zpx}~ pcqx|yu|z {h|y{q|~Pz|un}lxw~i|zh~n{y~uwk~i{y|yj U|z{kuwkx}ywzv}z~oxrl}z~uoyo~nr~i}y{b~q}y}swus}z uoyurb~hwexwu~hwexwe}~p}e}~pox}~u}hwlwyu|z~Nyot|sd|rp u|zv{z|~q}ux}l}z~k}g}xxw~uwka}ewkw~}xs~vrv}ux}ywzw~c\u|` v|z~ wpwy}y}u~ s}zwy~ Po_vry~ nrj~ Po~ n{y~ k}t}zx}y~ u|zv{ d}x{zv|f~ i|yi|\~ {lx|q|z~ pwuwxvwew~ k}t}z~ |x{zv|~ x{y_{qx| l}yuwx}y~pcqx|q|z~h|gy|z{z~|z~imk|x~n}u{y|~uwkwvwy~}t} 7|rp~u|zv{p{z{~icymza|~gryrxrb~ozrzx}~q}st}qw~u}\}pw` z}~ uoyj~ ]r~ }t}awzw~ v}~ n}kw~ s}zywx}y}~ }hwux}y~ {hu{ t}p}pwzv}j~ [hwux}t}pwzwz~ z|v|z{~ uwpu}zh~ u}ywpw V|y}_v}z~ cvm~ b}sx}t}us}vwy~ v}~ ozv}zj~ ]ry}v}u{~ p|g` v}x}zt}zwz~ z}pwx~ {hu{~ t}p}x}ywzv}~ }kwb~ urvry}z~ u}n} n{y~a{zp|xx{us|z~n}lu}~d{h~n{y~ce|~s}lwt}vwewzw~gryirx}` t}u~{ps|y{tj Trsxr~n{y~|gx{x{e|~d}kwyx}z}z~Po_qr~}a}{b~vmlx|yx| p}yp}y}u~cza|~q}yw~hwxiwz~n{y~d}x|~i|s{y{yf~pozy}~v}~ozr n{y~{z|e|~vczmlsmymyj~Z|zv{p{~v|~n{y~noe}q}~vczml|y|u ozrzx}~n{yx|l{yj~L|zh~n{y~uwkw~z|~vryrt}~i|s{yv{e{z{~|z umhmu~ n{y~ n{h{tv|~ vmlmzt|q|z~ u}n}~ k}tb}y}~ pozy} ozr~p{xu{b~}swg|y{y~g|~s}zywp}x~u}swzwz~cxmtpmk~k|zi{z` x{ux|y{z|~ vcz|y|u~ nwy}uswew~ q|yv|z~ q}l}twzw~ pmyvmymyj Kqp}~{z|un}lxw~k}g}xxw~i|zh~uwk~u}yzwzv}u{~n|n|qx|~n{y` x{us|~ p|yp|t~ p|yp|t~ oyv}~ nryv}~ vox}lt}us}f~ trsprk l}yuwx}y~pcqx|q{b~vryt}us}vwyj Po~ p}dz|p{~ |i|t|z~ pwzw\x}ywz~ i}vv}yxwewzwzf~ {x{lu` {p{qx|~n{y~{zp}zw~z}pwx~u|zv{p{z|~n{x|~q}n}zawx}lswyvwewzwz cxmtpmk~ imk|xx{us|u{~ }zx}swtwvwyj~ Po_zrz~ }qywxt}pwqx} n{yx{us|~ {h|y{q|~ 7|rp_rz~ d}n|ya{p{~ i|zh~ V|yt|p~ i{y|yj Z|zv{p{z{~ 7|rp~ iczv|yt|us|v{y~ 7{za{y|~ gryvryssrer Nyot|sd|rp_rz~}q}ewz}j~F|v|z{~v|~lrvryB~Nyot|sd|rp 7|rp_rz~ n{x|~ n{xt|v{e{~ n{y~ l|q{~ n{xt|us|v{yj~ ]r

12

nrqyruhrxrer~pozrz}~v|u~pmymb~i{st|q|a|uf~qwuwx}a}u` swyj~V|t~v|~k}t}zwz~b|u~rk}u~ox}t}vwewzw~pcqx|t|us|` v{y~ Nyot|sd|rp~ n}ziwy~ n}ziwyj~ 7|rp~ u{t{zf~ z|~ k}t}z u|zv{p{z|~{pq}z~|v|a|e{z{~cey|zt|u~{ps|y~k{za{y|~gry` vryssrer~ s}zywv}zj~ ]rzr~ cey|z|n{x{yp|~ s}zywx}y~ s}zywpwf Nyot|sd|rp_r~ n}ewlx}q}a}uf~ cxmtxm~ {zp}zx}y}~ nrimz| v|e{z~ q}bswux}ywzw~ i|y{~ }xt}q}a}u~ i{v|y|u~ u|zv{p{z{ s}zywp}x~ vmk|z{z~ |z~ k|zi{zf~ |z~ y}d}s~ uozrtx}ywzv}z n{y{z|~ q|yx|ls{y|a|us{yj~ R|s|y~ u{~ Nyot|sd|rp~ n{xv{e{z{ pcqx|p{zj~ Z{t~ {pq}z~ |v|a|u~ u|zv{p{z|E~ ]r n}lu}xvwywawzwz~}vwzw~g|yt|kp|~n}lwz}~z|x|y{z~i|x|a|e{` z{~v|~q{z|~|z~{q{~n{x|z~u|zv{p{v{yj~7|rp_rz~vmlt}zx}yw` z}~z}pwx~}awt}pwk~v}gy}zvwewzw~s}zywx}y~}y}pwzv}u{~p}g}l v}~ icyt|t{l~ t{v{y~ Nyot|sd|rpE~ Lcepmzv|~ |x|usy{u qmuxm~qwxvwywtx}y~b}sx}q}y}u~k}t}zwtwk}~v|u~i|x|a|u` s{yB `~ YS}zywx}ywz~ {hoex}zwzwz~ lr~ qmup|us|z~ }s}z~ p|p sozrz}f~d|x|~d|x|~lr~uoa}~uoa}~x}\x}ywz}~n}uwzj <ou~i|zhp{z{k~p{k~v}d}f~mps|x{u~hou~v}~oxt}vw~|i|` t|zx{e{~ |x{z{k|~ i|h{y{l{z{kj~ Kzrxt}k~ }^wx}y}~ u}bwx}ywzw u}b}twl~ n{y~ l}sov}~ q{q{b~ {h|a|e{z{k{~ p}zwqoyprzrk pmy|ux{j~ [t}~ n|zf~ hou~ v}~ oxt}vw~ v}d}f~ {u{~ s}z| nrqyruhrzrz~ o~ l}sov}z~ z}pwx~ uogrxvrerzr~ icyt|v{t t{E~ :{tv{~ mhmzampmzmzf~ q|yqmkmzmz~ nrimzum~ |\|z` v{p{z{z~v|~hou~v}d}~{ey|zh~g|~u}n}~n{y~n{h{tv|~uogrx` vrerzr~nr~ickx|y~icy|a|u~q{z|j~V|x|~d|x|~qoup}~p}z} uoyu}uf~i|zh~s}zywx}ywz~u}ylwpwzv}~u}h}a}u~v|x{u~}y}q}z n{y{~ i{n{~ t{~ icymzmqoyrtE~ ]rzrz~ {h{z~ i|za{qx|f q}lxwpwqx}f~ smt~ s}zywx}ywz~ sobx}zt}pw~ i|y|u~ u}ylwtv}j V}v{~i{s~l{tv{f~d}v{~h}nru~p|z{~nry}q}~i|s{y|z~qoxr~srs q{z|j~]|zv|z~n|ux|v{e{z~d{h~n{y~l|q{~nrx}twq}a}upwzjX 7{za{yx|y{z{~i|y|~i|y|~s}zywx}y~d}n|ya{p{z{z~qmkmz| d}quwywyB Y]msmz~ s}zywx}yv}z~ z|\y|s~ |v{qoyrtj~ [awtw v|e{lt|q|a|e{tf~ }awtw~ 7|rp_rz~ d}n|ya{~ oex}zwz}f u|zv{t{~|xb|zh|~icyt|us|z~hou~nr~u}q}q}~k{za{yx|yx| gryrxtrl~icyt|q{~q|ex|q|a|u~u}v}y~\}kx}~p|g{qoyrtjjj Smt~nr~koyx}t}x}ywz~d{h~n{y{~{us{v}yv}z~u|zv{p{z{~q|yx| n{y~|v|a|u~ox}zwz~}vwzw~g|yv{ys|t|q|a|us{y~n}z}jjjX V|yt|p~ Y]|zv|z~ imz}d~ i{ss{jX~ v|yf~ pcqx|t|v{ oxt}q}qwt~ n}lwz}~ i|x|a|ux|yv|zj~ U|z{kuwkx}ywzwz nry}v}z~rk}ux}lt}x}ywzwf~qoup}~}k~pozy}~ox}a}ux}yv}z uoyurb~ b|y{l}z~ ox}n{x|a|ux|y{z{~ pcqx|yj~ 7{za{y|~ gryrxr nr~ {pq}zawqw~ q}xzwk~ nwy}ut}x}ywzw~ {ps|y~ Zoyo_v}zj~ Pls| nry}v}~ n|ux|zt|q|z~ n{y~ vryrtx}~ u}ylwx}lwywkj U|z{kuwkx}ywzv}z~ oxrl}z~ uoyo~ o~ }z}~ u}v}y~ V|yt|p_x| Nyot|sd|rp_rz~ }y}pwzw~ nrxt}q}~ h}xwlwyu|z Nyot|sd|rp_rz~u}y}yxwxwew~u}ylwpwzv}~n{yv|z~rkx}lt}aw srsrtrzr~ nwy}u}y}u~ a|p}y|sx|~ {pq}zaw~ s}zywzwz~ q}zwzv} q|y~}xwyB `Y2qirx}q}n{x|a|e{t~ cemsx|y~ g|y~ n}z}fX~ v|y V|yt|p_|~cqx|~n{y~l|q~cemsxmqoyprz~u{~n}z}f~vrqt}q} s}d}ttmxmt~qouj~[aw~h|ut|q|~koyrzxr~ox}zx}~n{yx{us|

Güz ‘11


b}qx}l}a}ewtf~ozrz~q}zwzv}f~n|z~v|~o~}awqwjjjX V|yt|p_|~ q}ux}l}y}u~ u|p{z~ n{y~ v{xx|~ pcqx|v{e{z{ rzrst}u~ ox}z}upwkvwy~ }yswu~ {zp}zoexrzrz~ A6==~ qwxv}z n|y{~pmymb~i|x|z~q}kiwpwzv}B~ `YOx|~g|y{a{x|y|~v{l~n{x|t|q{~o~cey|ss{~n}z}jX V{h~ urlurprk~ n}lu}xvwywaw~ s}zyw~ t|yd}t|s{z{z~ g| }awpwzwz~ u}n}~ koyn}xwu~ u}ylwpwzv}~ z}pwx~ i{ss{uh| hoe}xvwewzw~ icy|y|u~ n}lwzw~ h|g{y{b~ n}utwlswy Kuq}zrprz~ uwkx}ywz}j~ V|yt|p_{z~ h|u{xt|p{qx|~ n{yx{us| smt~ {lu|za|p{qx|~ 7|rp~ }awt}pwk~ n{y~ n{h{tv|~ {pq}zaw s}zywq}~qmux|z|a|us{yj~YPls|Xf~v|y~Nyot|sd|rpf~Ypckx|y{z q|y{z{~ |qx|t~ }xt}q}~ n}lx}vw~ }yswuj~ Lcu~ imyx|t|p{z{z ncemysmx|y{~ v|y{zv|z~ v|y{z|~ urx}ewt}~ i|x{yu|z }q}ewtwz~ }xswzv}u{~ soby}u~ v}~ p}xx}zt}q}~ n}lx}vwj Zrvrytrlf~k{uk}uxw~}x|gx|y{z{~\wyx}swqoy~l{tl|ujjj~Ucz| vcz|~{x|yx|q|z~u}pwyi}~sokr~soby}ew~czmz|~u}stwlf~n}z} voeyr~i|x{qoyj~Ucys~n{y~qcy|z{z~smt~ymki}yx}yw~hwxiwza} n{yn{y{z{z~ mk|y{z|~ p}xvwywqoy~ g|~ icux|~ v|z{k~ n{yn{y{z| u}ywlwqoyj~[d~ursp}x~}z}awewtf~g|~p|z~Osd|yf~p|z~u{~imz wlwewzw~d|yu|p|~oys}uh}~qrg}yx}ypwz~q|yqmkm~h|gy|p{zv|f {u{z{k~ v|~ icymz~ {ls|f~ z}pwx~ k}x{ta|~ n{y~ v}gy}zwl~ rqir` x}zwqoy~n}z}jjjX 7|rp_rz~ uoyurzh~ qwxvwywtw~ urvrytrl~ v|z{k~ g| u}pwyi}~oys}pwzv}zf~q|yx|~icemz~n{yn{y{z|~u}ywlswew~q|y` v|z~ \wyx}qwb~ 7{za{y|~ 3ryrxr~ Nyot|sd|rp_rz~ t|yd}t|s voxr~icepmzv|~b}sx}yj~]}exw~oxvrer~u}q}xwux}y~g|~soby}u q|y|~qwewxwb~u}x}z~s}zywzwz~mpsmzm~cys|y~n{y~umtn|s~i{n{j Kqrz~ncqx|~n{s|yj~[t}~rzrsrxt}t}pw~i|y|u|z~n{y q}z~g}yvwyB~Nyot|sd|rp~cxmtpmkvmyj~7|rp_rz~n{x|~ozr cxvmyt|q|~ imam~ qousry~ q}z{j~ Rwewxwb~ u}xvwew~ q|yv|z v}d}~ n{y~ chx|f~ v}d}~ n{y~ {z}zhx}~ p{xu{z{b~ u}xu}a}u~ g| q|yqmkmzmz~|\|zv{p{z{z~u}ylwpwz}~v{u{x|a|us{yj F|v{y~Nyot|sd|rp_rz~n{x{b~v|~s}zywx}y~s}zywpwzwz~g| {zp}zx}y~ nrqyruhrprzrz~ n{xt|v{e{jjjE~ Z|zv{p{z{~ qwu}` a}uf~p}xs}z}swz}~poz~g|y|a|u~ox}z~imh~z|v{yE [{pudrxop~nrzr~lcqx|p{z|~v{q}x|us{u~n{y~|x|ls{y{qx| p|k{zx|t|v|z~ cs|~ u|p{z~ n{y~ }hwuxwe}~ u}grlsryt}q} h}xwlwyB~Umzq}zwz~{xu~|\|zv{p{~2y}zrp_vrj~Wozy}~Zyozop i|xv{~g|~ozr~s}dswzv}z~uogvrj~Wozy}~7|rp~{pq}z~|v|y|u Zyozop_r~ uogvrj~ Pu{~ nrqyruhrzrz~ v}~ o~ trsxrxrux}yf cxmtpmkx|y~ l}soprzv}z~ z}pwx~ uogrxvrerzr~ icyvm Nyot|sd|rpj~ 7|rp_rz~ v|~ uogrxt}t}pw~ {h{z~ n{y~ z|v|z qouj~]rzr~v}~p|k{zx{qoy~g|~uoyurpr~nrzv}z~i|x{qoyj Zoyo~ {x|~ 7{za{y|~ 3ryrxr~ Nyot|sd|rp~ uozrqr }y}x}ywzv}~ s}yswlwyx}yj~ Zoyo~ 7|rp_rz~ nrqryt}u~ vwlwzv} d{h~n{y~q}kiwpw~ox}t}q}a}ewzw~rtrsprk~n{y~n{h{tv|~gry` irx}yu|z~Ppq}zaw~S}zyw~Yv|e{l|a|uX~v|yf~YV{h~urlurzrk oxt}pwz~u{~o~v}~i{v|a|us{yj~Kzr~v|e{ls{y|a|u~imamz~z| oxvrerzr~poy}y~Zoyoj~Uoeyrpr~hou~t|y}u~|st{ls{y~s}z` ywx}yv}z~ n{x|~ imhxm~ ox}zwz~ z|~ oxvrerzrj~ Nyot|sd|rp YL|y|up{zt|X~ v{q|~ q}zwsx}y~ u|zv{p{z{j~ L|y|up{zt|z{z s}zywx}yv}z~v}~imhxmxmemzm~q|z{a{~g|~v|e{ls{y{a{~q}bwpwzw n|x{yx|yu|z~Nyot|sd|rp~nrzr~czx|q|a|u~d{h~n{y~imamz

Güz ‘11

pck~ uozrpr~ oxt}vwewzw~ n{y~ imk|x~ gryirx}yj~ Zoyo YZryz}kxwu~ v}~ twEX~ v{q|~ poyvrerzv}~ YZryz}kxwu i|y|up{zt|v|z~ d{h~ n{y~ k}t}z~ v}d}~ imhxm~ v|e{xv{yfX q}zwswzw~g|y{yj Pls|~ [{pudrxop~ vmk|zx|y{z~ v|e{l{t{z{~ ncqx|p{z| v{q}x|us{u~ n{y~ q}bwq}~ osrysryj~ ]rzr~ v}~ h}ewzw~ {q{a| ickx|t|p{z|f~ czq}yiwx}yv}z~ pwqywxt}pwz}f~ ucx|a{ sobxrtrz~ s|t|x{zv|u{~ vy}tw~ u}gy}t}pw~ uozrprzv} g|yv{e{~ rey}lwq}~ noyhxrvry~ d{h~ urlurprkj~ U}d}~ pozy} i|x|a|u~ ox}z~ n{x{tp|x~ cey|s{z{z~ voeyrxsrprzv}~ u|z` v{p{z{z~z}pwx~{xu~v{q}x|us{uh{x|yv|z~oxvrerf~p}z}swz~nrzr z|~ imhxm~ g|~ oxrtxr~ n{y~ n{h{tv|~ |su{x|v{e{~ hou~ v}d} }b}hwu~u}gy}zt}pwz}~q}yvwt~|v|a|us{yj W|hu{z~ nryJrg}~ |e{s{ta{~ g|~ |x|ls{yt|z{~ [x}{z YOe{s{t~ 1psmz|X~ }vxw~ q}bwswzwz~ n{y~ q|y{zv|~ Y@za| Ly|uX~v|yf~Yd|y~l|qv|z~cza|~Ly|uj~V}zi{~}x}zv}~oxryp} oxprz~ |e|y~ pck~ uozrpr~ }qvwz~ q|s{ls{yt|up|~ z|q{~ p}xwu g|y|n{x|a|e{t~ poyrprz}~ n|z~ v}{t}B~ @za|~ Ly|uf~ v{q| q}zws~ g|yt{l{tv{yjjj~ W{k|~ vmlmza|z{z~ trsxrxrer~ }vwz} Ly|u~v|y{t~v|~n}lu}~n{y~l|q~v|t|tjX YUmlmza|z{z~ trsxrxrer~ }vwz}~ Ly|ujjjX~ V{h urlurprk~ n{k~ nr~ smta|q{~ [x}{z_{z~ u|zv{p{z{z~ n{x| pcqx|v{e{zv|z~ hou~ v}d}~ v|y{zf~ hou~ v}d}~ sobxrtp}x z{s|x{e{qx|~u}gywqoyrkj~Umlmza|z{z~trsxrxrerzr~poqrs n{y|qa{~ n{y~ u}gy}t~ oxt}us}z~ hwu}yswqoyrk~ hmzumj Zmxsmym~q|z{v|z~|z~voeyr~n{y~n{h{tv|~qoyrtxrqoyrkj Ly|u~p}z}s~g|~vmlmzmzm~nryJrg}~z{s|x{ux{~dmt}z` {psx|y{z~ q}zwxiwpwz}~ nwy}u}t}qwkj~ Ly|u_|~ p}d{b~ hwut}u ozx}yv}z~ hou~ n{k{t~ d}uuwtwkvwyj~ <mzum~ n{k~ p}z}sw sobxrtp}x~ q}bwzwz~ {h{zv|~ {za|x|yu|z~ p}z}shwzwz~ u|zv{` p{z|~ |z~ rqirz~ g|~ i|yh|uh{~ qoyrtr~ i|s{y{qoyrkj Y]}n}x}ywtwk~Rrz}zxwx}y~x{y{u~n{y~l}yuwv}z~n}lu}~n{y~l|q v|e{xx|yv{jX~ q}yiwpwz}~ u|p{zu|p~ u}ylw~ hwuwqoyrk~ u}zws` x}ywtwkx}j~ ]olxrus}f~ poqrsf~ Ysmt~ {zp}zx}yw~ |l{s~ icymb p|gt|uX~ {xu|p{zv|z~ u}qz}ux}z}z~ nryJrg}~ qoyrtar` x}ywzwz~ ucx|a{`|tb|yq}x{ps~ }l}t}xw~ n{y~ {xuh}e~ p}z}s~ g| vmlmzmzm~ nmsmzmqx|~ g|~ |z~ voeyr~ n{h{t{qx|~ u}gy}qwbf ozr~ q{z|x|q|t|q|a|ux|y{z{~ nrimz|~ v|e{z~ i|s{yv{u` x|y{qx|~u}zwsx}twlx}yvwyj Kqp}~ n{kf~ pwzw\p}x~ n{y~ sobxrtv}~ ucx|a{~ my|s{t~ g| |tb|yq}x{ps~ p}g}lx}ywz~ q}l}vwew~ n{y~ sobxrtv}f~ p}z}swz cxmtpmkxmemzmf~ h}ewzwz~ vy}twzw~ swbuw~ [{pudrxop_v} oxvrer~ i{n{~ v{q}x|us{u~ n{y~ i|yh|uh{x{ux|~ u}gy}t}uf p}z}sx}ywzw~ nrzrzx}~ cxmtpmkx|ls{yt|us|u{~ n}l}ywx}ywzw u}gy}t}us}~imhxmu~h|ut{qoyrkj~Zy}x{h|~[sopp}~q|z{x` i{z~N|yp~p}y}qwzwz~q}xzwkx}ltwl~ov}pwzv}~oexrzr~pwtpw` a}u~p}ywb~cb|yu|zf~k{za{y|~gryrxtrl~n{y~s}zyw~Yjjjvcys~n{y q}zwtv}~}aw~h|u|zx|y~icymqoyrt~q}xzwka}~jjjg|~smt~s}z` ywx}yv}z~ z|\y|s~ |v{qoyrtX~ v{q|~ n}ewywyu|z~ n{k| {zp}zoexrzrz~ pwzw\p}x~ p}g}lwtwzwz~ p}z}sx}~ ox}zf~ n{y n}uwt}~ K;T[U[F~ K;T[R[F~ cey|s{a{x{e{z{~ q}xwz n{y~voeyrxrux}~u}zwsxwqoyx}yvwj

13


D.Dağlı DIIMO:MJLINIM<BKECB@ oxpsoq_rz~ yot}zx}yw~ k|zi{z~ n{y~ {h|y{e|~ p}d{bs{yj~ Lmzmtmkv|~ u{~ b|u~ hou yot}zaw~ i{n{~ pwef~ uox}q~ qoxv}z~ q}kwxtwl~ n{y~ q}bws~ g|yt|kj~ Kzrz~ yot}zx}yw k|zi{z~ {h|y{e{z{z~ q}zwzv}f~ v|y{zx{ux{~ n{y~ vmlmza|z{z~ mymzmvmyj~ Ucys~ a{xsx{u Opu{~sobxrtp}x W}g}l~g|~]}ywl~g|~[zz}~Z}y|z{z}~nrz}~{q{~n{y|y~cyz|us{yj {x{lu{x|yf~[zz} Soxpsoq_rz~ mzxm~ yot}zw~ [zz}~ Z}y|z{z}_qw~ ncqx|p{z|~ s}zwzwy~ q}b}z~ z|v{yE Z}y|z{z}~{ti|p{qx| R}k}ywz~imhxm~mpxrnrzrf~q}k}yxwu~q|s|z|e{z{~n{y~u|z}y}~nwy}uwyp}uf~}pwx~ox}y}uf~[zz} }zx}swx}z~u}vwzwz~q|y {ti|p{qx|~ }zx}swx}z~ u}vwzwzf~ sobxrtrz~ u}vwzx}y~ {h{z~ uoqvrer~ ury}xx}yw~ h{ez|t|p{f }xvwew~g|~s|tp{x~|ss{e{ }lu~ reyrz}~ popq}x~ vryrtrzr~ d{h|~ p}qt}pwvwyj~ [zz}~ Z}y|z{z}_zwz~ uryrxr~ popq}x q|z{~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{` {x{lu{x|y{~d{h|~p}q}z~n{y~s}gwy~{h{z|~i{yt|p{v{y~yot}zw~nr~v|zx{~|su{x{~q}b}z~g|~q}qiwz x|y|~v}y~i|x{qoyj~[zz} n{y~ourqrar~u{sx|p{z{~nrxt}pwzw~p}ex}q}zj Z}y|z{z}_zwz~}luw Z}vwzwzf~sobxrtrz~u|zv{p{~{h{z~uoqvrer~ury}xx}ywz~vwlwz}~hwut}f~uoz}z~pwzwy` z|v|z{qx|~sobxrta} x}ywf~ h{sx|y{~ }lt}~ |e{x{t{~ mk|y{z|~ ox}z~ ickx|tx|y{t{k{~ v}d}~ cza|f~ h|l{sx{~ q}kwx}yv} i{yv{e{~h}swlt}f~|pu{ n|x{yss{uj~[qzw~|e{x{t~Soxpsoq_rz~[zz}~Z}y|z{z}_pwzv}~n{y~u|k~v}d}~u}ylwtwk}~hwuw` sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|y{z qoyj z}pwx~hckmxt|q|~ [qzw~vryrtr~Lj~Cx}rn|ys_{z~YT}v}t~]og}yqXp{zv|~v|~icyvmuj n}lx}vwewzw~oys}q} V|y~{u{~yot}zv}~v}~`u{~{u{p{~v|~}qzw~qmkqwxv}f~MG~qmkqwxv}~q}kwxtwlswy`~u}vwzwz uoqrqoyj ucx|x{e{~q}~v}~u}vwzw~ucx|x|ls{y|z~popq}x~{x{lu{x|yf~popq}x~vmk|z~}zx}swxwyu|z~u}vwzwz nrz}~u}ylw~hwuwlw~v}~}zx}swxwqoyj ]{y~u}vwzwz~nol}zt}pw~n}lwz}~i|x|n{x|a|u~|z~nmqmu~\|x}u|ss{yj~Lcy|a|e{~n}puwf vwlx}zt}f~}l}ewx}zt}~n{y~q}z}f~nol}ztwl~n{y~u}vwz~n{y~v}d}~|gx|z|t|kj~]r~qmkv|z |gx{~n{y~u}vwz~d|y~n}puwqwf~d}u}y|s{f~d|y~h|l{s~url}st}qw~u}nrxx|z|n{x{y~}t}f~nol}z` t}qw~ u}nrxx|zt|kj~ Pls|~ [zz}~ Z}y|z{z}~ sobxrtrz~ smt~ tmv}d}x|p{z|~ y}et|zf p|gv{e{qx|~n{yx{us|~q}l}t}u~{h{z~ickmb|u~n{y~}vwt~}swqoyj~Sobxrtrz~u|zv{~d}q}swz} tmv}d}x|~|st|p{z|~t|qv}z~ourqoyj [zz}~ }luw~ {h{zf~ q|y~ }xvwew~ popq|s|q| u}ylw~ hwu}a}u~ v|zx{~ }quwyw~ n{y~ s}gwy~ uoqr` qoyj~ ]r~ sobxrt}f~ ozrz~ ury}xx}ywz}f~ {x{lu{` x|y{z|~ t|qv}z~ ourt}v}z~ |gx{~ n{y~ u}vwzwz d|yu|p{z~ ickm~ czmzv|f~ n}lu}pwqx}~ }lu q}l}t}pw~ ox}z}uxw~ v|e{xj~ [zz}~ p|gv{e{ {zp}zx}~ }lu~ n}ex}ywzw~ pmyvmymyu|zf popq|s|qx|~ smt~ {x{lu{p{z{~ uob}yt}qw~ ick| }xwqoyj Sobxrtf~ u}vwzx}~ |yu|e{z~ ck|x~ {x{lu{` p{z|~ tmv}d}x|~ |v{qoyj~ ]r~ tmv}d}x|q{ h|l{sx{~ qoxx}yx}~ q}bwqoyj~ Smt~ nr~ qox~ g| qczs|tx|y~ u}vwzw~ url}s}z~ n{y~ icy|g~ icym` qoyj~Z}vwz~uryrxr~sobxrt}~n}lu}xvwyvwuh}f u}vwzw~ url}s}z~ ury}xx}yf~ n}puwx}yf~ |yu|e{zf sobxrtrz~ u}vwz~ mk|y{zv|u{~ |i|t|zx{e{z{ {\}v|~|v|z~d|y~l|qf~{q{a|~u}swx}lwqoyf~}ewy` x}lwqoy~g|~{ey|zhx|l{qoyj

S

14

Güz ‘11


Sobxrtrzf~u}vwz}~qcz|x{u~n{y~n}puw~qoxrf~s|ld{yv{yj~S|ld{yf~u}vwzw~q}xzwkx}lswy` t}f~ hcu|yst|f~ noqrz~ |ev{yt|~ g|~ s|px{t~ }xt}q}~ qcz|x{us{yj~ [zz}~ Z}y|z{z}_zwz h|gy|p{~v|~[zz}_q}~u}ylw~ncqx|~n{y~qczs|t|~n}lgryrqoyj Opu{~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|yf~[zz}~Z}y|z{z}~{ti|p{qx|~}zx}swx}z~u}vwzwz~q|y~}xvwew g|~s|tp{x~|ss{e{~q|z{~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|y|~v}y~i|x{qoyj~[zz}~Z}y|z{z}_zwz~}luw z|v|z{qx|~sobxrta}~i{yv{e{~h}swlt}f~|pu{~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|y{z~z}pwx~hckmxt|q| n}lx}vwewzw~oys}q}~uoqrqoyj Sobxrt~ u}vwzx}~ |yu|u~ }y}pwzv}u{~ {x{lu{q|~ tmv}d}x|v|~ nrxrzt}u~ {h{z~ d|y~ qox} n}lgryrqoyj~]r~tmv}d|x|~q}p}x}yx}f~ury}xx}yx}f~umxsmyx|f~|e{s{tx|f~pckx|f~v}gy}zwlx} g|~v}d}~n}lu}~n{h{tv|~q}bwxwqoyj~]ry}v}~}pwx~tmv}d}x|~|v{x|zf~n}puw~g|~url}st}~}xsw` z}~}xwz}z~|xn|ss|~u}vwzvwyj Z}vwz~nr~l}ysx}yv}~iczxmza|~p|g|t|kf~}lu~q}l}q}t}k~g|~trsxr~ox}t}kj~Z}vwz }za}u~sobxrtrz~u}ywlt}pwz}~g|~n}puwpwz}~u}ylw~hwuswew~oy}zv}f~n{y}k~oxprz~{ps|e{za| p|gt{l~g|~trsxr~oxtrlsryj [luw~ {h{z~ trsxr~ oxt}u~ {h{z~ sobxrt}~ g|~ sobxrtrz~ n}puw~ ury}xx}ywz}~ u}ylw n}lu}xvwytwl~u}vwzx}yf~v{e|y~u}vwzx}y~{h{z~v}{t}~n{y|y~qmy|ux{x{u~cyz|e{~oxtrlx}yvwyj Z}vwz~mk|y{zv|~sobxrtrz~n}puwpwzwz~|z~hou~icymxvmemf~d{pp|v{xv{e{~}x}zx}yv}z {u{p{~}{x|~g|~popq}x~h|gy|v{yj~Z}vwz~nr~h|gy|x|yv|z~rk}ux}lswewzv}~n{y}k~oxprz~y}d}s v}gy}z}n{xt|us|v{yj~]r~qmkv|z~nr~oys}tv}z~pwu~pwu~rk}ux}lt}uf~n}lu}~q|yx|y|~i{s` t|u~{ps|yx|yj~Z}vwzx}y~|z~p}zawxwf~|z~p|ys~g|~|z~koyxr~tma}v|x|x|y{zv|z~n{y{z{~nr~pwy}` v}~g|yt|u~vryrtrzv}~u}xwyx}yj [{x|z{zf~ h|gy|z{zf~ sobxrtrz~ uoqvrer~ ury}xx}yw~ h{ez|t|uf~ n|x{yx|z|z~ pwzwyx}yw qwut}uf~ h{sx|y{~ }lt}u~ uryrxr~ vmk|z{z~ oxrlsryvrer~ {x{lu{x|y{z~ s|dx{u|q|~ vmlt|p{ v|t|us{yj~ Sobxrtrz~ uoqvrer~ h{sx|y{~ }lt}u~ {ps|q|zx|yf~ nr~ qmkv|zf~ |z~ nmqmu p}xvwywx}y}~rey}twlx}yvwyj Z}vwzx}yf~smt~n}puwx}y}f~}awxw~pozrhx}ywz}f~g|~v}d}~v}~}ewyx}l}a}u~ox}z~uolrxx}yw` z}~ u}ylwzf~ q{z|~ v|~ smt~ ox}a}u~ ox}zx}yw~ ick|~ }x}y}uf~ sobxrtrz~ u|zv{x|y{~ {h{z n|x{yx|v{e{~h|yh|g|q{~~h{ez|t{lf~ozr~}ltwlx}yvwyj~R}z{~h{k{x|z~pwzwyx}ywf~}lt}u~n|x{y` x|z|z~ ury}xx}ywz~ vwlwz}~ hwut}u~ q}xzwka}~ n{y~ |e{x{t~ ox}y}u~ u}xt}twlswyj~ Z}vwzx}y nrzrz~cs|p{z|~i{ss{x|yj~<|l{sx{~|qx|tx|yx|~|e{x{t{~by}s{e|~rqirx}vwx}yj Z}vwzx}~ |yu|u~ }y}pwzv}u{~ {x{lu{v|f~ |yu|e{z~ d|y~ d}uuw~ g}yf~ u}vwzwz~ {p| d{hn{y~d}uuw~qouj~Oyu|u~{ps|v{e{~d|y~l|q{~q}b}n{x{y~u}vwz~nr~d}uu}~p}d{b~v|e{x g|~o~sobxrtrz~n|x{yx|v{e{~h|yh|g|v|~d}y|u|s~|v|n{x{qoyf~q}z{~d}y|u|s~ckimy` xmemz|~p}d{b~v|e{xj [zz}~Z}y|z{z}_zwz~uoa}pwqx}~{x{lu{p{~z|~{p|~p|gi{x{p{qx|~{x{lu{p{~v|~ovryB nr~{x{lu{v|~d}u~|l{sp{kx{e{~|i|t|zj Oyu|e{z~ u}vwzwz~ }lwu~ oxvrer~ n{y{~ oxt}pwf~ u}vwzx}~ |yu|u }y}pwzv}u{~{x{lu{q{~ckp|x~ox}y}u~v|e{ls{yt{qoyj [{x|f~h|gy|f~sobxrtf~q}p}f~druru~gnj~u}vwz}~u}ylwqu|zf~smt nrzx}y}~ }xvwyt}v}z~ u|zv{~ qoxrzv}~ i{st|u~ a|pry~ n{y v}gy}zwlswyj~ [zz}~ Z}y|z{z}~ nr~ a|p}y|s{~ icps|y|n{x|z~ n{y u}vwzvwyj~]r~qczmqx|~}qzw~h|gy|v|u{~v{e|y~u}vwzx}yv}z~\}yu` xwvwyj [zz}~ p|gv{e{~ }v}t~ {h{zf~ d|yu|p{~ u}ylwpwz}~ }xtwlf vmzq}q}~ t|qv}z~ ouryu|zf~ nr~ uozrv}~ p|gv{e{~ |yu|e| img|z|t{qoyj~[v}t~|i|t|zx{e{z{~popq}x~p}smpmzm~uoyrt}u {ps{qoyj~]r~vryrtv}~n{y~h}swlt}~u}hwzwxt}kvwyj Oyu|u~ ps}smuoqr~ s|tp{x~ |v{qoy~ g|~ p}grzrqoyf~ hmzum ps}smuov}z~ q}y}yx}zwqoyf~ n|px|z{qoy~ g|~ |i|t|zx{e{z{~ nr uolrxx}yv}~ pmyvmy|n{x{qoyj~ Z}vwz~ {p|~ ps}smuoqx}~ h}swlt}~ {h{zv|f ps}smuoq}~u}ylw~g|~q|z{~ox}zv}z~q}z}j~Ws}smuo~u}vwzw~ucx|x|ls{y|zf }l}ewx}q}z~g|~qwby}s}z~z|~g}yp}f~smt~|pu{~{x{lu{x|y{~{h{zv|~s}lwqoyj [zz}_zwz~uoa}pwqx}~ox}z~{x{lu{p{~n{y~ucx|x{u~{x{lu{p{v{yj~Z}vwzwz

Güz ‘11

Z}vwz~mk|y{zv| sobxrtrz~n}puwpwzwz |z~hou~icymxvmemf d{pp|v{xv{e{ }x}zx}yv}z~{u{p{~}{x| g|~popq}x~h|gy|v{yj Z}vwz~nr~ h|gy|x|yv|z~ rk}ux}lswewzv}~n{y}k oxprz~y}d}s~ v}gy}z}n{xt|us|v{yj ]r~qmkv|z~nr oys}tv}z~pwu~pwu rk}ux}lt}uf~n}lu} q|yx|y|~i{st|u~ {ps|yx|yj~Z}vwzx}y~|z p}zawxwf~|z~p|ys~g|~|z koyxr tma}v|x|x|y{zv|z n{y{z{~nr~pwy}v}~ g|yt|u~vryrtrzv} u}xwyx}yj

15


|yu|ux|~y|pt{~|gx{x{u~pckx|lt|p{~>Vrurur?~n{y~ucx|x{u~pckx|lt|p{v{yj [za}u~|yu|u~{k{z~g|yv{e{~cxhmv|~poz}~|y|z~n{y~pckx|lt|j~Z}vwz~|gx{ oxvrer~|yu|us|z~\{{x|z~}qywxp}~v}f~y|pt|z~nol}zt}vwew~pmy|a|f~|gx{x{u pckx|lt|p{z|~>drururz}?~q}z{~ucx|x{u~drururz}~icy|f~q}p}x}y}~icy| YckimyX~p}qwxtwqoyj~Z}vwz~d}x|z~}qywxvwew~|pu{~uoa}pwz}~Y}{ss{yX~Z}vwz uoa}pwzv}z~ Yy|pt|zX~ }qywxt}vwew~ {h{zf~ nr~ vryrtf~ imzxmu~ q}l}twz} i|s{yv{e{~ poyrzx}yf~ |zi|xx|y~ g|~ qwby}swaw~ |su{x|y{~ z|v|z{qx|~ u}vwz~ {h{z s}t~n{y~{lu|za|q|~vczmlmqoyj W|gv{e{~}v}t~{p|f~[zz}~|pu{~uoa}pwzv}z~y|pt{~ox}y}u~}qywxt}vwew {h{z~ voetrl~ ox}z~ g|~ voe}a}u~ ox}z~ hoarux}ywzw~ u|zv{~ mk|y{z|~ q}k}` t}vwew~ {h{z~ [zz}_q}~ n}puw~ q}bwqoy~ g|~ ozr~ oys}v}~ nwy}ut}q}~ d}kwy` x}zwqoyj~ [zz}~ d|t~ |pu{~ uoa}pwzwz~ n}puwpw~ }xswzv}f~ d|t~ v|~ p|gv{e{ }v}twz~n}puwpw~}xswzv}j Z|zv{p{z|~ h|gy{x{~ smt~ nr~ p{x}dx}y}f~ n}puwx}y}~ y}et|z~ [zz} Z}y|z{z}f~nr~vryrt}~noqrz~|et{qoyj [zz}~u|zv{p{z|~g|~n{yx{us|~oxvrer~}v}t}~qcz|x{u~q}bwx}z~|x|ls{` y{x|y|f~}l}ewx}t}x}y}f~n}puwx}y}~u}ylw~p}ex}t~n{y~s}gwy~}xwyu|z~g|~{x{lu{` x|y{z{~}luwzw~p}grzryu|zf~}v}t~{p|~h|gy|z{z~n}puwx}ywz}~noqrz~|e{qoyf popq}x~ vryrtrzr~ p}grzrqoy~ g|~ h|gy|p{qx|~ {x{lu{x|y{z{z~ ucsm i{st|p{zv|~ [zz}_qw~ poyrtxr~ srsrqoyj~ [v}t~ u{l{x{up{k~ n{y{j~ 7}s|z Soxpsoq_rz~nr~|p|y{f h|gy|p{~v|~}v}tw~v|e{x~[zz}_qw~|x|ls{y{qoyf~ucsmxmqoyf~vwlx}qwbf~q}xzwk` ozvourkrzar~qmkqwxwzf~poz x}lswywqoyj h|qy|e{zv|u{~Irpq}_zwz~cz| Oyu|e{z~nry}v}~vmlmzvmem~h|gy|p{qx|~ox}z~{x{lu{p{v{yf~sobxrtp}x hwu}zf~s}yswlwx}z~h|l{sx{ uozrtrvry9~ nr~ {x{lu{x|y{z~ g|~ popq}x~ uozrtrzrz~ u|zv{p{z|~ i|s{yv{e{ poyrzx}ywz}~nmsmzxmuxm }g}zs}Jx}yvwy~g|~p}ex}vwew~}qywa}xwux}yvwyj ox}y}u~q|y~g|y{qoyj [zz}~ {x|~ n{yx{us|~ oxvrer~ |yu|u~ }y}pwzv}~ popq}x~ ps}sm~ \}yuwf~ n{y Ouozot{u~sobxrtp}x~ pwzw\p}x~ h}swlt}~ qouj~ [zz}_v}~ }qzw~ poqxrx}y~ h|gy|p{z{z~ n{y~ {zp}zwj {x{lu{x|yf~}{x|f~p}z}sf~|v|n{q` L|y|u~sobxrtp}x~vryrtrf~umxsmymqx|~nr~h|gy|q|~}{s~n{y{j~:r~\}yux}~u{f }sf~n{x{tf~u|zsx|~uwywz~ [zz}~ }quwyw~ n{y{j~ [luw~ {h{zf~ nrxrzvrer~ h|gy|q|~ {pq}z~ |v{qoy~ ozx}yx} {x{lu{p{f~uwp}a}pw~q}k}y~[zz} smt~ {x{lu{x|y{z{~ uob}ywqoyj~ ]rzrz~ i|s{yv{e{~ nmsmz~ pozrhx}yw~ ick|~ }xw` Z}y|z{z}_zwz~}lu~{x{lu{x|y{ qoyj |sy}\wzv}~sobxrtrz~v|yx{ Opu{~ uoa}pwf~ n{yx{us|~ oxvrer~ |yu|uf~ h|gy|p{f~ sobxrt~ d|b~ n{yx{us| sobxr~n{y~y|pt{z{~h{k{qoyj [zz}~Z}y|z{z}_zwz~pozrzr~d}kwyxwqoyx}yj Oyu|e{zf~ h|gy|z{zf~ sobxrtrz~ u}vwz}~ u}ylw~ s}gywf~ p}xvwywx}ywf~ q}b` swux}ywf~ ck|x~ tmxu{q|s|~ v}q}xw~ sobxrtx}ywz~ hou~ {q{~ n{x{z|z~ h{ki{p{v{yj ]ry}v}~ cz|tx{~ ox}z~ u}vwzwz~ nrz}~ u}ylw~ hwut}pw~ {pq}z~ |st|p{~ g| n}lu}xvwyt}pwvwyj [zz}~Z}y|z{z}_qw~imzmtmkv|~d}x|z~{xi{qx|~ourzry~q}b}zf~p{z|` t}q}~rq}yx}t}pwzw~p}ex}q}zf~ozrz~nr~qczmvmyj Soxpsoq_rz~ nr~ |p|y{f~ ozvourkrzar~ qmkqwxwzf~ poz~ h|qy|e{zv|u{ Irpq}_zwz~ cz|~ hwu}zf~ s}yswlwx}z~ h|l{sx{~ poyrzx}ywz}~ nmsmzxmuxm~ ox}y}u q|y~g|y{qoyj~Ouozot{u~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|yf~}{x|f~p}z}sf~|v|n{q}sf~n{x{tf u|zsx|~ uwywz~ {x{lu{p{f~ uwp}a}pw~ q}k}y~ [zz}~ Z}y|z{z}_zwz~ }lu~ {x{lu{x|y{ |sy}\wzv}~sobxrtrz~v|yx{~sobxr~n{y~y|pt{z{~h{k{qoyj ]r~y|p{tv|~}{x|qx|~n{yx{us|f~|pu{~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|y{z~hcumlm~}ewy` xwuxw~n{y~q|y~srsrqoyj~Z{s}bs}~cz|~hwu}ywx}z~cz|tx{~uozrx}yv}z~n{y{~v| ucqxmx|y{z~{h{zv|~nrxrzvrer~vryrtvryj~R}k}y~ucqxmx|y{z~popq}x~vryr` trzr~g|y{yu|zf~ucqxmx|y{z~{hz{zv|~nrxrzvrux}yw~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|yx| h}swlt}pwzw~v}~}zx}stwl~oxrqoyj U}d}~pozy}u{~vcz|tv|~Irpq}_v}~t|qv}z}~i|x|z~ucqxm~}q}ux}z` t}x}ywzwz~uolrxx}ywzwz~nr~pwy}v}~z}pwx~oxrlsrerzrz~g|~{xu~n|x{ys{x|y{z{ nry}v}~icy|n{x{qoyrkj Soxpsoq~nmqmu~n{y~q}k}y~ox}y}u~nrzrz~{xu~{brhx}ywzw~n{k|~g|y{qoyj~

16

Güz ‘11


Hayal kurma eylemi Temade Çınar

@O1OM(HKOEGOAOP7OIEHP.NALMP2BNIJLBKNIL

N

}zu}ysx}ywzwkf~\x}t}x}ywzwkf~czxmux|y{z{k~d}kwyp}~p{k{~d}q}x~uryt}~|qx|t{z| h}ewywqoyrkj~Oqx|t|f~d}q}xx|y{z{k{~}zx}s}z~n{y~n{xv{y{qx|~i|x{zj~V}ss}~d}q}x{` z{~ uryvrerzrk~ |qx|t{~ n{yx{us|~ q}b}xwtj~ V}q}xx|y{z{k{z~ b|l{zv|z~ i{st|u u}v}y~s|dx{u|x{~n{y~|qx|t~nrj~Ph{zv|~d}q}xx|y{z~b|l{zv|z~i{st| bos}zp{q|x{z{~ s}lwy~ hmzumj~ ]r~ |qx|t|~ n}lx}t}v}z~ rq}y}xwtf bp{uoxoJ{u~ q}~ v}~ \{k{up|x~ p}xvwywx}yx}~ u}ylwx}l}n{x{yp{z{kj Oqx|tv|z~g}ki|h|yp|z{k~u|zv{~{h{z{kv|u{~p}g}lw~n{y~pmy|~pozy} pczvmy|n{x{yp{z{k~}t}~nr~vryrtv}~u|zv{z{k~oxt}kpwzwkj~Oqx|t| u}swxwb~ u}swxt}q}a}ewzwk}~ u}y}y~ g|yv{qp|z{kf~ vmzq}qw~ v|e{ls{yt| a|p}y|s{~ g|~ u}y}yxwxwew~ ox}z~ d|yu|px|~ qox}~ hwut}zwz~ g}us{v{yj U{e|yx|y{~{h{z~pcqx|z|n{x|a|u~n{y~l|q~qouj~Z|zv{~n|qz{zv|~d}b` poxt}u~g|~}z}ds}y~|x{zv|~oxvrer~d}xv|~vwl}yw~hwut}us}z~uoyu` t}u~k}s|z~q|s|y{za|~}ewy~n{y~srsp}uxwuj~Oxn|ss|~ozx}yw~vwl}ywq} h}ewyt}us}z~g}ki|ht|q|a|e{kj~]r~v}~n{k{t~d}q}x{t{kj :{tv{~}uxwzwkv}z~Y{l{~imam~nwy}uwb~d}q}x~t{~ury}xwtX i{n{~vmlmza|x|y{z~i|hs{e{z{~icyt|u~tmtumzj~Oxn|ss|~n}d` p|ss{e{t{k~ {l{z{k{~ imamzmkm~ n}lu}x}ywzwz~ pwyswz}~ qmux|q{z g|~ nwy}uwz~ hoarerzrk~ icn|e{z{~ qwys}ya}pwz}~ }ex}pwzf~ p{k d}q}x~ uryt}q}~ n}uwz~ i{n{~ n{y~ cz|yt|~ v|e{xj~ R}l}twz v|g}twzwz~ i|y|us{yv{e{~ koyrzxrxrux}y~ vml~ ury}t}q}a}ewtwk~ d}x| i|s{yv{qp|~n{k{f~koyrzxrxru~ox}y}u~}xiwx}vwewtwk~n}kw~l|qx|y{~|x|t|z{z g}us{~i|xt{ls{yj~ V}q}x~uryt}u~d|y~{zp}zwz~d}uuwj~V|t~v|~{zp}z~oxt}zwz~koyrz` xrxrux}ywzv}z~n{y{p{j~V}q}x~ury}zx}y~oxt}p}qvw~g|~nrzx}ywz~n|v|x` x|y{~ ick|~ }xwzt}p}qvw~ nrimz~ {zp}zxwu~ nr~ vmk|qv|~ oxt}kvwj W}z}sf~ n{x{t~ g|~ d}ss}~ pboy~ n{x|~ vml~ imamqx|~ i|x{lt|us|j R}y}swaw~ k|u}~ v|z{x|z~ l|q~ n|qz{z~ rx}l}n{xv{e{~ u}b}p{s|z{z u}zwswj~ Ozi|xp_{z~ Yk|u}~ h}xwlt}uswyX~ pckmzm~ nryv}~ d}swyx}s}xwtj [za}u~q}l}twz~imzxmu~uolsryt}a}pw~g}p}s~n{y~d}q}s~pmyvmyt|us|z n}lu}~ n{y~ l|q~ przt}k~ n{k|j~ Pl{t{k~ i|y|e{~ q}b}i|xv{ux|y{t{k~ n{k{ n{k~ q}bt}kj~ Pzp}zxwew~ i|x{ls{yt|kj~ ]|z~ v|v{e{t{k~ l|q~ imzxmu koyrzxr~ q}l}zswzwz~ mk|y{z|~ |ux|v{ux|y{t{kv|z~ oxrlryj~ ]|z_{ pwy}v}z~ q}~ v}~ \}yuxw~ uwx}z~ v}~ vml~ uryt}~ imam~ v|e{x~ t{E Pzp}zx}yw~ }zx}q}a}u~ {hicymqm~ g|~ |tb}s{q{~ i|x{ls{yt|u v|~d}q}x~imamzmz~mymzm~v|e{x~t{E Kqp}~ {zp}zxwewz~ z|~ hou~ {ds{q}aw~ g}y~ d}q}x~ ury}z {zp}zx}y}j~Okn|yx|zt{lf~n{y~cza|u{z{z~q}bswewzw~s}ux{s~|st|us|z~cs|q|~i{s` t|q|z~{lx|y~hcbxmemz|~vcztml~nrx}n{x{y{k~q}l}zswtwkwj~Og~|t|uh{p{~u}vwzx}yf n}zs~n}lwzv}u{~{lh{x|yf~|gv|z~{l|~pmymb~i{v|z~q}l}tx}y~nrzr~{q{~n{x{yx|yj~V}ss}~|z q}y}swaw~ {lx|yv|~ n{x|~ nr~ n{st|k~ smu|zt|k~ s|uy}yx}yw~ icy|n{x{yp{z{kj~ W}z}ss}f~ n{x{t {zp}zx}ywzv}f~p|z}yqox}yv}f~y|ux}t~s}n|x}x}ywzv}f~v|uoy}pqozx}yv}f~v|p|zx|yv|~d|b n{yn{y{z{~s|uy}yx}y~k}s|z~n}l}ywxtwl~ox}zj~<mzum~s|uy}yx}y~y{pu~{h|yt|kj~Z{tp|~{h{z s|dv{s~oxrlsryt}kj~2\}awu~v|e{l{ux{ux|y{z~}q}us}~}xuwlx}zt}pw~nrzv}z~v|e{x~t{v{yE

Güz ‘11

17


Fi^idjcaebicjaba` ^iei`bic`_eDj;,diGj[dbiP aba`Oadie]_ejGi^idTfdheD \bij[gdie_gjGi^id caebijGicdie_g_jcaddig7 bidie_g_gjieciZ_g]i ^iUib_gj]hLib_g_ ZiBdi^igjbfd^[gdieTi hbhcOfjLieDjIij5bXedhef7 gfj^iUib_j]hLib h``febhcjfOfgjGhWijh]hg Wajbfd^[gdieTi hbhcOfgfgj]hjGi^idjcae7 bicjfOfgjPibig_j[dZi^]_D

V}q}x~uryt}u~nr~z|v|zx|~poz~v|y|a|~a{vv{~n{y~{ls{yj~S}t~}zx}twqx}~n{y t|qv}z~ourqrlj~]{x{tp|x~n{y~d}q}x~t{~uryrqoyprzrkf~mps|x{u~nr~d}q}x{z{k{ |t|uh{x|yx|~b}qx}lt}u~tw~{ps{qoyprzrkf~p|yt}q|z{z~s}t~uozsyoxmzm~u}nrx |st{qoy~ trprzrkf~ p{k~ s|dx{u|x{p{z{kj~ W{kv|z~ cza|~ qmup|x{b~ >E?~ uoxsrux}yw u}btwl~ox}zx}y~{h{z~a{vv{~n{y~s|dv{sj~F}zo~n}us|y{x|y{z~g}yxwewzw~{pb}sx}q}z n{x{t~ u}vwzwzwz~ q}l}vwux}ywz}~ lcqx|~ n{y~ ick~ }st}zwk~ q|s|yx{j~ N{oza}y| g}yp}qwtwzw~ hck|z~ t}s|t}s{uh{~ N|y|xt}z_wz~ rey}vwew~ p}xvwywx}y~ nolrz} v|e{xj~ O{zps|{z_}~ q}bwx}z~ v|x{x{u`v}d{x{u~ q}uwlswyt}x}ywzw~ d|b{t{k~ n{x{y{kj Oe|y~p{k~p|yt}q|z{zf~d}ss}~|tb|yq}x{kt{z~v|z|s{t{~vwlwzv}~d}q}x~uryt}q} u}xuwlwyp}zwk~nrzrz~n|v|x{z{~cv|t|z{k~i|y|u{yj~V}q}xx|y{z{k~v|e|yx{qp|f~p|y` t}q|q|~ hou~ b}y}~ u}k}zvwyt}~ bos}zp{q|x{~ s}lwqoyp}~ d}q}xx|y{z{k{~ p}swz~ }xwyj V|t~v|~s}t~v|z|s{tx|~g|~{z}zwxt}k~\{q}sx}yx}~|p{y~|v{xt{l~qmkx|ya|~n{x{t {zp}zwzv}z~n{y{~ox}n{x{yp{z{kj~L|z~d}y{s}pwzw~nrx}z~qmkx|ya|~n{x{t~{zp}zwzwz mxu|x|y{zv|z~z}pwx~sobx}zvwux}ywzwf~}{x|x|y{qx|~n{x|~n}ex}ywzwz~u|p{xv{e{z{f~hou xmup~ n{y~ os|xv|~ }qx}ya}~ z}pwx~ srsrxvrux}ywzw~ cgmzhx|~ }zx}st}us}z~ v}~ h|u{z` t|v{ux|y{~i{n{j~ Og|sf~d}q}x~uryt}u~a{vv{~n{y~{lj~]rzrz~{h{z~b|u~hou~t}xk|t|q|~{ds{` q}awtwk~ g}yj~ ]{xi{~ qoup}~ d}q}x~ v|f~ q}y}swawxwu~ v}~ u|zv{zv|z~ cza|u{x|y{ s|uy}yx}t}us}z~cs|q|~i|h|t|kj~I|zux|y{~q|s|y{za|~n{xt{qoyp}zwk~g|~s|uz{u n{xi{z{k~q|s|yx{~v|e{xp|~nrimz|~u}v}y~q}bwxtwl~ox}z~y|p{tx|yv|z~v}d}~{x|y{p{` z{~d}q}x~|st|z{k~hou~koyj~Wwzw\x}y~tma}v|x|p{z{z~s}y{d{z{~n{xt{qoyp}zwk~z| u}v}y~q}y}swaw~n{y~h}xwlt}~q}b}yp}zwk~q}bwz~tma}v|x|z{kv|~q}zwxt}~b}qwzwk hou~ qmup|uj~ T}s|t}s{e|~ q}~ v}~ s|t|x~ n{x{tx|y|~ d}u{t~ v|e{xp|z{k~ q|z{~ n{y nrxrl~ i|yh|ux|ls{yt|z{kf~ a|g}nw~ d|zmk~ n{x{zt|q|z~ Ylr~ lcqx|~ ox}n{x{y~ t{X v{q|~poyt}zwk~tmtumz~v|e{xj~Lmk|x~n{y~q}l}t~uryt}u~{h{z~imk|x~q}l}tx}y d}uuwzv}~p|h|z|ux|y{z{k{~n{xt|z{k~i|y|u{yj~Umzq}zwz~|z~imk|x~|g{z{~uryir` xrqoyp}zwkf~ vmzq}v}u{~ nrimz|~ u}v}y~ q}y}swxtwl~ |gx|y{z~ d|y~ n{y{zv|z~ n{y b}yh}~ nrx}a}upwzwkj~ <{t|zx|y|~ rk}zwb~ icuqmkmz|~ v}xwb~ ckx|v{e{z{k p|gv{e{z{kx|~ i|x|a|u~ imk|x~ imzx|y{z{k{~ d}q}x~ |st|u~ n{x|~ {zp}z~ {x{lu{x|y{ d}uuwzv}~ q}y}swaw~ \{u{yx|y|~ {ds{q}h~ vrq}yj~ Opu{~ Smyu~ \{xtx|y{zv|~ }e}hx}ywz }y}pwzv}~ n{yn{y{z{~ q}u}x}t}u~ {h{z~ uolrl}z~ p|gi{x{x|y~ q}~ v}~ q|z{~ \{xtx|yv| dwkx}~i{v|z~mpsm~}hwu~n{y~}y}n}v}~u|zv{x|y{z{~ymki}y}~nwy}u}zx}y~p{k{z~trsxr` xru~u}gy}twzwk}~d{s}b~|st|q|n{x{yj~V}q}x~uwywuxwew~v|z{x|z~v|~nr~oxp}~i|y|uj~ V}q}x~uryt}u~rtrs~q}y}st}uswyj~P\x}d~oxt}k~rtrshrx}yvwy~d}q}xa{x|yj [t}~ ozx}ywz~ d}q}x~ uryt}~ d}ux}ywzw~ urxx}zt}x}ywzwz~ }yu}pwzv}~ q}l}twz v|g}twzw~ p}ex}q}z~ t{xqozx}ya}~ |t|uh{~ g}yj~ R}~ ctmyx|y{z{~ q}l}tw~ v|g}t |ss{yt|u~ {h{z~ d|n}~ |v|z~ nr~ t{xqozx}ya}~ |t|uh{z{z~ v|~ d}q}x~ uryt}u~ {h{z k}t}zw~ oxp}qvwj~ ]{x{t|f~ p}z}s}f~ pboy}~ }qwy}n{x|a|ux|y{~ k}t}zx}yw~ g| ox}z}ux}yw~oxp}qvwj~Pzp}zxwewz~g|~voe}zwz~z|~nmqmu~n{y~dwkx}~i|x{l|n{x|a|e{` z{~d}q}x~|v|n{x{qoy~trprzrkE~]rzrz~ox}z}ux}yw~g}yj~Plp{kx{e{z~g|~s|uzoxoJ{u i|x{lt|z{z~i|xv{e{~zous}qw~vmlmzmyp|u~q}l}twz~v|g}tw~{h{z~vcys~n|l~p}}s` x{u~ n{y~ h}xwlt}~ q|s|yx{j~ [za}u~ nr~ |qx|tf~ poz~ v|y|a|~ v|z|s{tp{k~ n{y~ |qx|t oxryvr~p|yt}q|~{h{zj~7}s|z~p|yt}q|z{z~hwu}yx}ywz}~v}~rqirz~v|e{x~ncqx|~n{y vmk|zx|t|j~ [k~ u{l{qx|~ hou~ {l~ q}bt}u~ g|~ ozx}yw~ {lp{kx{u~ n}puwpwqx}~ ucx|a| h}xwlswyt}u~ g}yu|zj~ R}l}tx}ywzwz~ v|g}tw~ {h{z~ d}ya}vwux}yw~ k}t}zwz~ }ys} u}x}zwzv}~n{x|~ckimyxmu~g|~i|x|a|u~{h{z~d}q}x~ury}z~u{sx|x|y{z~z|~nmqmu~n{y ima|~ rx}lswux}ywz}~ d|b{t{k~ s}zwu~ oxvruj~ Z{sx|p|x~ ox}y}u~ v}d}~ imk|x~ n{y vmzq}zwz~ tmtumz~ oxvrerf~ osot}s{ux|lt{l~ d}q}sw~ u}nrx~ |st|u~ koyrzv} oxt}vwux}ywf~ d|y~ l|q{~ v|e{ls{y|n{x|a|ux|y{~ rtrvrz}~ rx}ltwl~ nmqmu~ n{y s|dx{u|j~ @qx|qp|~nrzrz~czmz|~i|ht|z{z~qoxx}yw~nrxrzt}xwj~2krz~h}xwlt}~p}}s` x|y{f~n{xi{p}q}y~oqrzx}ywf~n{yn{y{z{~s|uy}y~|v|z~p|z}yqox}yf~rqrlsryrarx}yf~v{z` p|x~ p|y|toz{x|yf~ k|zi{zx{e|~ rx}lt}zwz~ smyxm~ qoxx}ywf~ k}t}zwtwkw~ q{q{b

18

Güz ‘11


n{s{y|zf~d}q}x~uryt}~k}t}zwtwkw~i}pb|v|z~d|y~l|q~}t}~d|y~l|q~vmlmzt|z{zf cey|zt|z{z~g|~d}q}x~uryt}zwz~b}zk|d{yx|y{j~W|yt}q|~d}q}x~imamtmkmz~d|b` p{z{~ }t}~ d|bp{z{~ u|zv{p{~ {h{z~ urxx}zt}u~ g|~ ozv}z~ q|z{v|z~ p|yt}q|f~ q}z{ k|zi{zx{uf~vox}qwpwqx}~n{k{t~{h{z~qouprxxru~my|st|u~{ps|yj~W}v|a|~uox~|t|e{z{ pctmyt|u~q|st|k~{lh{z{z~v|z|q{tx|y{z{~v|f~q}y}swawxwewzw~v}~{ps|yj~ Y]rimz~nol~trprzEX~v{q|~poy}z~n{y~}yu}v}lwzwk}~Yd}qwy~nrimz~d}q}x~ury}` a}ewtX~v|t|q{~n{y~v|z|q{zj~L|x|a|u~d}uuwzv}~d}q}x~ury}a}ewtj~]r~q}l}twtw poyirx}q}a}ewt~g|~n}lu}~smyxm~q}l}z}n{x{y~t{~ozr~}y}lswy}a}ewtj~F}pwx~n{y~d}` q}ss}~q}l}t}u~{ps|v{e{t{z~d}q}x{z{~ury}a}ewtj~Oex|zt|u~{h{z~n{y}y}q}~i|x|z }yu}v}lx}ywzwk}~YV}v{~i|x{z~nr~l|dy{~z}pwx~q|z{~n}ls}z~q}y}s}a}ewtwkwz~d}q}x{` z{~ury}xwtX~v|t|q{~v|z|q{zj~Oe{s{t~p{ps|t{z{f~p}exwu~p{ps|t{z{f~}v}x|s{~q}~v} smtmqx|~ q}l}tw~ q|z{v|z~ q}y}st}zwz~ d}q}x{j~ ]{yn{y{z|~ d}q}x~ uryt}u~ {h{z k}t}z~ q}y}st}uf~ vopsxrerz~ cz|tx{~ n{y~ icps|yi|p{~ oxprzj~ Plq|y{z{kv|~ vryrtr vmk|xst|u~{h{z~n{y{x|y{~h}xwlt}q}~n}lx}vwqp}~ozrz~{l{z{~p{k~mpsx|z{zj~W{k~t}d}x` x|z{kv|~n{y~l|qx|y{~q|z{v|z~vmk|zx|t|z{z~tmtumz~oxvrerzr~vmlmzmqoyp}zwkf d}q}xx|y{z{k~ n}l}ywqw~ p{k|~ icps|y{qoyp}f~ nrzrz~ {h{z~ n{y~ l|qx|y~q}bt}u~ {ps{qoy` p}zwkf~ hoarerzrk}~ n}ut}pw~ {h{z~ uotlrzrkv}z~ v|ps|u~ {ps|q{zj~ L|x{l{t{z~ g| v|e{l{t{z~d|b{t{k{z~d}q}x~imamz|~{ds{q}aw~g}yj~ ]msmz~i|x|a|u~\{xtx|y{~n{k{t~rkrz~qwxx}y~pozy}~n{x|~nr~p{ps|tv|f~u}b{s}` x{ktv|~ q}l}q}a}ewtwkw~ }zx}s}y}u~ q}y}swaw~ d}q}xx|y{t{kx|~ v}xi}~ i|h{qoyj~ Plh{` x|y{zf~|t|uh{x|y{z~d}q}xx|y{~{h{z~|qx|t|~i|hs{ux|y{zv|~z|~u}v}y~q}y}swaw~ox}n{x|` a|ux|y{z{f~ }q}ux}zt}~ vcz|tx|y{zv|~ q}y}swx}z~ d}qy}zxwu~ rq}zvwy}z~ |p|yx|yv|z icyt|u~ tmtumzj~ V|y~ v|gy{t~ vcz|t{z{z~ ckimyxmu~ d}q}xx|y{~ q|z{v|z~ uryr` xrlrz~nmqmu~|p|yx|y{z{~q}y}stwlswyj~W}v|a|~|i|t|z~p{ps|t{z~smt~czx|tx|y{z| y}et|z~ cyimsx|zt|u~ n{x|~ d}q}x~ imamzmz~ q}zpwt}pw~ v|e{x~ t{E~ Zmys~ d}xuwzwz tma}v|x|p{z{z~rx}lswew~vmk|qf~n{zx|ya|~q}y}swaw~v|z|q{t{z~ckimyxmu~d}q}x{zv| oys}ux}lt}pwzwz~pozrar~v|e{x~t{E~ @qx|qp|~ lr~ uozrv}~ d|t\{u{y~ oxt}twk~ i|y|uj~ Uml~ uryt}u~ p}qiwqw~ d}u` |v|zf~ d}ss}~ v|ps|u~ g|y{xt|p{~ i|y|u|z~ n{y~ |qx|tj~ Kqp}~ n{k|~ Yd}q}xx|y{z{z b|l{zv|~ uol}zx}yX~ d}q}xb|y|psx|y~ ox}y}u~ q}zpwswxwyj~ Z{tv{y~ u}ps|ss{ux|y{~ d}q` }xb|y|psx|yE~ ]{kx|y~ q}l}tw~ q}y}st}~ b|l{zv|~ u}z~ s|y~ {h{zv|~ h}xwlwyu|z~ ozx}y n}lwnol~ vox}lwyf~ Y}p}x}uX~ q}l}yf~ q}z~ i|x{b~ q}s}y~ g|~ d}q}x~ ury}yx}yj~ [erpsop nca|e{qx|~ u}ywza}~ t}p}xwzv}~ oxvrer~ i{n{j~ [erpsop~ nca|e{~ s|oy{p{~ swbuw~ }bs}x u}yi}f~ d}{z~ urys~ s|oy{x|y{~ i{n{~ ;}\ozs|z_{~ hmymssmj~ Smt~ h}n}~ d}q}x~ uryt} |qx|t{z|~u}ylw~s|bu{~vrqt}twkw~p}ex}t}uj~Kqp}~{zp}zxwewz~d}q}xx|y{z{~uryt}u {h{z~qox}~hwu}zx}y~nmsmz~ctmyx|y{z{~d}ss}~d}q}sx}ywzw~{zp}zxwu~{h{z~\|v}~|v|yx|yj Pzp}zxwewz~ozryr~g|~g{av}zwvwy~ozx}yj~I{pup{k~q}l}tx}ywz~y{pux|y{z{~mk|yx|y{z| }xwyx}yj~]}k|z~zops}xJ{u~\{xtx|y{z~u}dy}t}zx}yw~q}b}yx}y~ozx}ywj~YF|~imk|x~d}` q}xx|yv{E~F|~v|~imk|x~b|l{zv|z~uolsrx}y~}t}~n{ss{~g|~q}kwu~oxvr~o~hoarux}y}X {t}x}yw~ {x|~ d}q}sx}ywzw~ Ysmu|st|x|y{z{zX~ g|~ rtrsprkxrerz~ }yu}pwzv}z~ ickq}lw vcut|t{k{~g|~d}q}xx|y{t{kv|z~g}ki|ht|t{k{~n|ux|yx|yj~Kqp}~d}\wk}x}ywtwkv} cxmt~oyrar~p}g}lhwx}yw~i{n{~qmkx|ya|~imzf~swnnwz~nmsmz~n{xi{x|y{z{~}xsmps~|v|y|u }q}us}~ u}xt}~ |qx|t{z{~ i|yh|ux|ls{yt{l~ qmkx|ya|~ d}q}xa{~ g}yj~ [y}b~ v|gy{t` x|y{z{zf~ [gyrb}_v}u{~ }q}ux}zt}x}ywzf~ nrimz|~ u}v}y~ i|yh|ux|lt{l~ smt i|x{lt|x|y{z~}yu}pwzv}~n{zx|ya|f~t{xqozx}ya}~d}q}x~|qx|ta{p{~g}yj~ N|u{f~ n{y~ d}q}xa{~ z}pwx~ i|x{l{yj~ V}q}s}~ v}{y~ u}\}~ qoy}zf~ t|y}u~ |v|zf~ poyr poy}zf~n}lu}~z}pwx~ox}n{x{y~mk|y{z|~d|b~\}yuxw~qoxx}y~}y}q}z~n{y{p{~z}pwx~q|s{l{yE Umlmza|z{z~ q}p}ux}zvwewf~ q}qwzx}zt}twl~ u{s}bx}ywz~ sobx}swxvwewf~ |kn|ya{f uobq}aw~g|~|x|t|q|~v}q}xw~|e{s{t~p{ps|t{z{z~q|yx|ls{e{f~hoarux}ywz~|e{s{t{z{z }{x|x|y{z~ {zp}\wz}~ nwy}uwxvwewf~ qcz|s|z~ qcz|s{x|z~ {x{lu{p{z{z~ trsx}u~ h{ki{x|yx| }qywxvwew~n{y~p{ps|tv|~q}y}swawf~d}q}xa{~{zp}zwz~q|s{lt|p{~hou~koyj~[t}~{tu}z` pwk~ v|e{xj~ Sobxrtp}x~ d}y|u|sx|y{z~ n}pswywx}z~ vrqirx}yw~ d}y|u|s|~ i|h{yv{e{z{ icyt|t|u~ tmtumz~ v|e{xj~ ]{x{zh~ pwhy}t}pw~ sobxrtp}x~ pwhy}t}zwz~ voe}x~ n{y

Güz ‘11

19

YXUjcaebicjZi^E_^_ Gich]hg:jGi``ij]hZ`hc LhefdbhZfjEhehchgjWfe h^dhbDj4^ZijWfPhj#Gi^id7 dhefgfgjJhUfg]hjc[Uigdie' Gi^idJhehZ`dhej[dieic ^igZ_`_d_eDjRfb]fejciZ`h`7 `fcdhefjGi^idJhehZ`dhe( MfPdhej^iUib_j^iei`bi JhUfg]hjcigj`hejfOfg]h Oid_U_echgj[gdiejWiU_W[U ][diU_e:j#iZidic'j^iUie: ^igjEhdfJj^i`iejLhjGi^id caeiedieDj\BaZ`[Z W5ThBf^dhjcie_gTi biZid_g]ij[d]aBajEfWfDj


pozrarj~ 2trs~ d}q}xx|y{z~ qox}~ hwuswew~ q|yv|~ q|z{v|z q|z{v|z~voe}yj~ W}ht}~ d}q}x~ oxry~ trE~ 7{dz{~ p{z{y~ byoJ|x|y{z{ n{x{yp{z{kj~ Z}y{u}smyx|yx|~ }zx}swx}z~ nr~ byoJ|x|y~ hoer` trkr~ imxvmymyj~ Kqp}~ nr~ byoJ|x|y{z~ n{yhoer~ d}q}ss} q|y{z{~}xvw~n{x|j~V|y~d}q}x~i|yh|ux|lt|k~}t}~i|yh|u` x|l|z~ d|y~ {x|yx|t|z{z~ }yu}pwzv}~ n{y~ d}q}x~ g}yvwyj~ Oz p}ht}~icymz|z~d}q}x~n{x|~n|q{z~|ik|yp{kx|y{z{z~pozr` ar~ v|e{x~ t{E~ V}q}x~ uryt}~ |zi|xx|zv{e{zv|~ n|xu{~ v| rx}lwx}a}u~ n{y~ {zp}zxwu~ d}q}x{~ |zi|xx|zt{l~ ox}n{x{yj <oarux}ywz~ uryvrux}yw~ oqrzx}yf~ vmlmzt|~ n{h{tx|y{ n{k{~ n}k|z~ l}luwzxwe}~ rey}swyj~ Ozi|xx|zt|t{l~ d}q}x imam~ z|~ hou~ l|q~ cey|s{y~ n{k|j~ Ov{poz_rz~ }tbrx v|z|qx|y{z{z~ qmkx|ya|p{~ pozrhx}zwb~ n}l}yvwewzv} nmsmz~ o~ v|z|qx|y{z~ nol}~ i{ss{e{z{~ pcqx|q|zx|y|~ Yn|z }tbrxmz~ qmkx|ya|~ u|k~ z}pwx~ q}bwx}t}q}a}ewzw~ {pb}s` x}vwtX~ v|yj~ ]rimz~ rey}vwewtwk~ n{y~ n}l}ywpwkxwu q}ywzwz~ n{y~ n}l}ywpwzwz~ v|z|q{t{~ ox}n{x{yj~ U|z|t|uf d{hn{y~ l|q~ q}bt}t}us}z~ v}d}~ {q{v{yj~ Oxn|ss|~ d{h u{tp|~ v|z|qx|y{z|~ n}l}ywpwk~ oxt}u~ mk|y|~ n}lx}t}kj Uoz}zwt~|up{u~ox}n{x{yf~potrs~vryrtrz~potrs~s}dx{x{ {q{~q}bwx}t}twl~ox}n{x{yf~vrqirx}y~vmlmza|x|y{~oxrt` prk~|su{x|t{l~ox}n{x{yj~]}l}ywpwkxwewz~z|v|zx|y{~oys}q} uozrxrb~s}yswlwxt}xw~g|~v|z|q{t~hwu}ywxt}xw~}t}~y{pu }xt}u~ q|y{z|~ d{hn{y~ l|q~ q}bt}t}u~ vryrtrz} vmlmymxt|t|x{j~Woyrtxr~|x|ls{y{~d}q}xx|y{~uoyrt}ux} v}~poyrtxr~oxt}xwj~ F|x|y~q}bt}xwqwk~mk|y{z|~n{y}k~|ik|yp{k~q}bt}u` s}~ \}qv}~ g}yj~ ]r~ uozrv}~ d}q}xx|y~ uryrxt}xwj~ ]r~ |i` k|yp{k~q}kwpw~d}q}xx|y{~pwzwyx}zvwyt}t}xwj~]{k|~tmk{u` x|~ d}q}x~ uryt}zwz~ imk|x~ oxvrer~ pcqx|z{yj~ Tmk{u~ v| n{y~ s|t}~ v|e{x~ t{E~ Dolurxr~ q}~ v}~ dmkmzxm~ oxt}pw vmlmza|x|y{t{k{~ d}q}xx|y{t{k{~ qczx|zv{yt|k~ t{E Tmk{e{z~s|t}pw~d}q}x{z~ckimyxmemzm~g|~n{y{a{ux{e{z{ nokt}k~twE~]|sdog|zf~Yq|t|u~q|yu|z~d}q}x~uryt}u d|t~ }lhwq}~ d|t~ v|~ tmk{pq|z|~ d}u}y|ss{yX~ v|yj @qx|qp|~ n{k|~ z}pwx~ d}q}x~ uryt}twk~ i|y|us{e{z{ pcqx|q|zx|y{~v{zx|q|x{t~}t}~u|zv{t{k{~ozx}yx}~pwzwy` x}zvwyt}q}xwtj V}q}x~ uryt}u~ n}lxw~ n}lwz}~ n{y~ |qx|t~ oxt}xwj ]|qz{t{k{z~nmsmz~uwpwsx}ztwlf~urxx}zt}vwewtwk~}x}z` x}ywzw~ koyx}q}zf~ a|p}y|s~ g|~ u}y}yxwxwu~ {ps|q|z~ n{y |qx|tj~ ]|qz{t{k{z~ dwkwzw~ s}u{b~ |st|q|~ q|s{l|n{x{y t{q{kE~ ]rzrz~ n{y~ imz~ i|yh|ux|l|a|e{z{~ vmlmzt|u nmqmu~ g|~ imk|x~ n{y~ d}q}xj~ ]|qz{t{k~ |sy}\wtwkv}z i|x|z~t{xqozx}ya}~rq}y}zw~n{k~\}yuwz}~n{x|~g}yt}v}z u}qv|v{bf~ n{xi{x|y~ }y}pwzv}~ n}e~ uryrb~ q|z{~ u}zwx}y} rx}lwyj~ C}yuwz}~ n{x|~ g}yt}v}z~ n|e|z{x|y{t{k~ oxrlryj V}z{~ lr~ n|qz{t{k{z~ u}hs}~ u}hwzw~ urxx}zvwewtwk qczmzv|u{~s}yswlt}x}ywz~a|g}nwf~d|bp{z{~urxx}zwqoyrk }t}~d|bp{z|~d}u{t~v|e{x{k~oxt}xwj~V}q}x~uryt}~|qx|` t{~g|y{x{~pwzwyx}y~{h{zv|~q}l}qwb~i{v|yu|z~Yn{x{zh}xswX v|z{x|z~ }t}~ n{x{za{z~ }pxwzv}~ s}~ u|zv{p{~ ox}z~ }x}z}

20

rx}lt}~ h}n}pwvwyj~ V}zi{~ uozrv}~ |qx|t|~ i|h|yp|z{k i|h{z~ |up{ux|y{z{k{~ icy|a|up{z{kj~ Z{s}b~ ourq}zv}z lmbd|~ vrqrx}z~ n{y~ p{ps|tv|~ ourvrux}yw~ d}uuwzv} s}yswl}zf~ qoyrtx}y~ q}b}zwz~ v}~ s|dx{u|x{~ icymxvmem }l{u}yj~ V|y~{zp}z~voe}zwz~oz}~g|yv{e{~k|u}qw~z}pwx~urx` x}zvwewzv}z~poyrtxrvryj~Pzp}zxwu~g|~voe}zwz~qwuwtw {x|~ {xi{x{~ u}\}~ qoy}zx}y~ g|~ ozx}y}~ p}ex}z}z~ ox}z}ux}y }ysswywxt}q}~ h}xwlwxvwuh}~ u}ylws~ |qx|tx|y~ v|~ qmu` p|xs{xt|x{j~ Pzp}zxwewz~ hoerzxrerzrz~ k|u}pwf~ }uxw~ g| vrq}yxwxwew~ voe}zwz~ g|~ {zp}zwz~ i|x|a|e{z{~ urys}yt}u {h{z~ h}xwlt}u~ koyrzv}j~ R}z{~ {zp}z~ oxt}zwz~ koyrzxr` xrer~d}q}x~uryt}uj~YF|~vmlmzmqoyprzX~poyrprz}~d|y n{y{t{k{z~n{y~a|g}nw~oxt}xwj~Y]{xt|tX~a|g}nw~q|y{z| Yn|za|X~ {x|~ n}lx}q}z~ a|g}bx}y~ uozrxt}xwj Tmu|tt|xx{q|sh{x{u~ d}q}xa{x{e{z~ vmlt}zwj~ ]mqmu d}q}xx|yf~ s}p}ywx}yf~ q}y}swawxwux}y~ umhmu~ q}zwxiwx}ywz |p|y{v{yj~ Pzp}zxwewz~ n{y{u{tx|y{~ n{k|~ s|uzoxoJ{u~ ox}z}ux}yw przrqoyj~ ]rzx}yw~ n{xt|u~ g|~ \}qv}x}zt}u~ {h{z~ h}n} i|y|uj~]{x{t|~g|~p}z}s}~rx}lt}u~d|y~z|~u}v}y~n{kv|z rk}ux}lswywxp}~ v}~ b|l{zv|z~ g}y~ imhx|~ uolt}u~ i|y|uj ]{kv|z~ h}xwz}z~ k}t}zx}~ p}g}lt}u~ i|y|uj~ 7oyrzxr h}xwlt}~ k}t}zx}ywzv}z~ u}x}z~ d|y~ v}u{u}qw q}n}zawx}lt}q}~ u}ylw~ |ik|yp{k~ q}bt}u~ {h{z~ v|e|y` x|zv{yt|x{q{kj~ ]mqmu~ d}q}xx|y{t{k~ oxt}xwf~ nmqmu rtrsx}ywtwkj~Lmzm~urys}yt}uf~}q}us}~u}xt}uf~q}l}` t}q}~h}xwlt}u~{zp}zwz~k|u}pwzw~g|~vrq}yxwxwewzw~nol} d}ya}t}pwzv}z~n}lu}~n{y~l|q~v|e{xj~V|y~{zp}zf~{zp}z` xwewz~oys}u~d}q}xx|y{~{h{z~u}\}~qoyt}xwf~d}q}x~uryt}xwj Uoe}zwz~ qwuwtwzwz~ g|~ {zp}zxwewz~ hmymt|p{z{z~ czmz` v|u{~|zi|xx|y{~oys}v}z~u}xvwyt}u~i|y|uj~ :cqx|~ n{y~ n}uswewtwkv}~ v|y|x|y{~ urys}yt}u~ {h{z qox}~hwu}zx}yv}zf~k{zv}zx}ywz~qwuwxt}pw~{h{z~qmymqml| i|h|zx|y|~i|z{l~g|~h|l{sx{~n{y~d}y|u|s~icymymkj~]msmz nr~|qx|tx|y{z~}yu}pwzv}~n}l}ywqw~icy|z~d}q}x~uryrar` x}y~ g}yj~ 2trvrf~ i|x|a|e{~ icy|zj~ YR}b}a}u~ n{y~ l|q qouX~ v{q{b~ osry}z~ rtrsprkxrerz~ q|y{z|~ Yv}d} q}b}a}u~ hou~ l|q~ g}yf~ d|zmk~ d|bp{z{~ v|z|t|v{uX v{q|z~ {zp}zx}y~ q|s{lt|x{f~ q|s{ls{y{xt|x{j~ <oarux}yv}z q}~ v}~ nmqmtml~ v|~ d}q}xx|y{z{~ rzrst}twlx}yv}z {zp}zxwewz~ cey|z|a|e{~ hou~ l|q~ g}yj~ ]{yn{y{t{k{ p{xu|x|t|x{q{kj~ ]{yn{y{t{k{~ v{zx|t|x{~ g|~ d}q}xx|y| u}suw~ {h{z~ u}\}~ qoyt}xwqwkj~ ]ryJrg}~ vmzq}zwz~ q}y}s` t}q}~h}xwlswew~t}u{z|x|lt{lf~rtrsprkf~d}q}sw~oxvrer i{n{~ u}nrx~ |v|z~ yonosx}ltwl~ {zp}zxwewz~ q|y{z|~ d}q}x uryt}~|qx|t{qx|~p}g}lt}xwqwkj~ N}zu}ysx}ywzwkwf~ \x}t}x}ywzwkwf~ czxmux|y{z{k{f n{xv{y{x|y{z{k{~ g|~ d}q}x~ imamzmkmz~ q}y}sswew~ d|y~ l|q{ }xwb~ i|x{zj~ V}q}x~ uryt}~ |qx|t{z{z~ vrg}yx}yw~ }lswew q|yv|~ nrxrl}xwtj~ U}d}~ q}b}a}u~ hou~ l|q~ g}yf~ d|zmk d|bp{z{~ v|z|t|v{uj~ [uxwzwkv}u{~ \{u{y~ {zp}zxwewz czmzm~}h}a}u~ox}z~\{u{y~ox}n{x{yj

Güz ‘11


4OIL>JNKP4<&K;GJOKP8NKLEGN 5NP+OMOFFO=LP@OMJHGOJHP9'9 Özgür Güven

H[JdabTaj8heOhcOfdfc

A=

j~qmkqwx}~i{y|yu|z~u}b{s}x{kt{z~|tb|yq}x{kt~}l}t}pwz}~i|hs{e{~n{x{z{qoyj Otb|yq}x{ktf~ u}b{s}x{kt{z~ p|yn|ps~ y|u}n|sh{~ |gy|p{zv|~ g}y~ ox}z~ v|gy|g{ nrz}xwtwzw~u}xwawx}lswywb~pmy|ux{~d}x|~i|s{yv{j~Umzq}~b}k}ywz}~|i|t|z~ox}z |tb|yq}x{ktf~nrzr~q}b}yu|zf~n{y~}grh~|i|t|z~rxrp~g|~i|y{~u}x}zw~v}~|k{x|zf~|i|t|z` x{u~ }xswzv}u{~ rxrpx}y~ ox}y}u~ vmzq}qw~ {u{q|~ ncxvmj~ ]rz}xwtwz~ u}xwawx}lt}pwf pmy|ux{x|lt|p{f~ nrz}xwtwz~ u|zv{p{z{z~ v|~ vmzq}q}~ q}qwxt}pwzw~ i|s{yv{j~ ]rf~ ck|x tmxu{q|s~ s|t|x{zv|u{~ pozrzar~ sobxrt~ ox}z~ u}b{s}x{kt{zf~ |tb|yq}x{ps`u}b{s}x{ps~ p{p` s|t{z~u|zv{~pwzwyx}ywz}~v}q}zt}pw~g|~hcuml~pmy|a{z{z~n}lx}ziwaw~v|t|us{yj A=j~ qmkqwxwz~ n}lwzv}~ vmzq}~ |tb|yq}x{ps`u}b{s}x{ps~ p{ps|t{z~ q}bwp}x~ nrz}xwtw {h{zv|~ p}ypwxtwlf~ nrz}xwtf~ sobxrtp}x~ q}bwv}~ g}yox}z~ h|x{lu{~ g|~ h}swlt}x}yw~ {q{a| oxirzx}lswywb~ }hwe}~ hwu}ytwlswj~ [yswu~ {zp}zxwu~ q|z{~ n{y~ s}y{dp|x~ pwhy}t}zwzf~ byox|s|y v|gy{tx|y~h}ewzwz~|l{e{z|~i|xt{ls{j~Umzq}zwz~v|gy{ta{~qoxv}z~vczmlsmymxt|p{~potrs n{y~ oxir~ ox}y}u~ byox|s}yq}~ g|~ |t|uh{~ qwewzx}ywz~ imzv|t{zv|qv{j~ Z}xvw~ u{f~ b|u~ hou nryJrg}~ u|p{t~ {h{z~ n{x|~ n{y~ v|e{l{t~ i|y|ux{x{e{~ u}nrx~ |v{xt|q|~ n}lx}twlswj~ ]r v|e{l{t{z~u}hwzwxt}kxwewzw~icy|z~nryJrg}~u|p{tx|yf~u|zv{~}q}ux}yw~}xswzv}u{~soby}ewz u}qwb~i{st|p{z{~czx|t|uf~ck|x~tmxu{q|s~vmzq}pwzwz~v}ewxt}pwzw~|zi|xx|t|uf~|z~}kwz` v}z~ i|a{us{yt|u~ {h{z~ vmzq}qw~ p}g}l}~ pmymux|t|u~ v}d{x~ d|y~ qox}~ n}lgryvrj~ Umz oxvrer~ i{n{f~ AMj~ qmkqwxwz~ n}lwzv}~ v}~ }qzw~ }t}hx}~ }qzw~ l|q{~ q}bt}us}z~ h|u{zt|v{f h|u{zt{qoyj~Otb|yq}x{kt{z~nr~{xu~nmqmu~uy{k~v}xi}pw~MGM6_s|~n}lx}q}z~g|~t{xqozx}y` a}~ {zp}zw~ \|x}u|s|~ pmymux|q|z~ n{y{za{~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ b}qx}lwt~ p}g}lwz}~ qox}hswj~ W}g}lf Irpq}_v}~k}s|z~rkrz~pmy|v|z~n|y{~g}yox}z~v|gy{t{z~uolrxx}ywzw~poz~u|ys|p{z|~u}v}y i|x{ls{yv{j~ MGM0~ Ou{t~ Wopq}x{ps~ U|gy{t{~ nr~ s}y{dp|x`sobxrtp}x~ uolrxx}ywz~ n{y~ mymzm ox}y}u~i|yh|ux|ls{j~Otb|yq}x{ps`u}b{s}x{ps~p{ps|t~rkrz~pmy|~a}z~h|u{l|a|u~oxp}~v}~{xu cxmtamx~v}yn|q{~}xvwj M40M~ N}y{p~ Zotmzm~ {x|~ q|z{~ n{y~ vmzq}~ uryt}q}~ i{y{l|z~ byox|s}yq}zwz~ nr~ {xu v|z|q{t{~0M~imz~pmytmlsmj~MGM0~Ou{t~U|gy{t{~{x|~n}lx}q}z~d|q|a}z~g|y{a{~nr~q|z{ v|z|q{t~v|~0M~qwx~pmy|a|us{j @k|x~ tmxu{q|s~ s|t|x{zv|u{~ u}b{s}x{ps~ sobxrtrf~ nr~ pozrzar~ ck|x~ tmxu{q|s sobxrtrzr~ qwu}y}u~ q|y{z|~ v}d}~ {x|y{~ n{y~ sobxrtp}x~ p{ps|t~ uryt}q}~ i{y{l|z~ byox|` s}yq}zwz~nr~tmsd{l~}swxwtw~sobxrtp}x~q}l}twz~d|y~}x}zwzv}~oxvrer~i{n{f~p}z}s~|v|n{` q}s~}x}zwzv}~v}~u|zv{p{z{~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{x{u~>popq}x{ps~i|yh|uh{x{u?~ox}y}u~oys}q} uoqvrj Z}b{s}x{ktv|z~uotmz{kt|~i|h{l~pmy|a{~A=j~qmkqwxwz pozrzv}~u|p{zs{q|~rey}p}~n{x|~n{y~u|k~u}bw~}hwxtwl~qox icymztmlsmj~ ]{x{tp|x~ popq}x{kt~ }yswu~ potrs~ n{y oxir~ ox}y}u~ {zp}zxwu~ s}y{d{zv|~ g|~ d}\wk}pwzv} q|y{z{~ }xvw9~ popq}x{kt~ p}v|a|~ n{y~ s}p}ywt oxt}us}z~ hwusw9~ A=j~ qmkqwx}~ noqv}z~ noq} u|zv{~v}ti}pwzw~gryvrj~]r~potrs~i|yh|uf A=j~qmkqwxwz~u}qv}~v|e|y~nmsmz~vmlmzmy` x|y{f~ p}z}shwx}yw~ s}y}\wzv}z~ u}nrx~ |v{xv{9

Güz ‘11

21

YUmzq}~v|gy{t{~ q|yx|l{u~n{y~oxir d}x{z|~i|xt{l~ nrxrzt}us}vwyj~ V}~nrzr~q}vpwt}uf d}~nrzrz~u}ylwpwzv} srsrarxrux}~v{y|st|uf d}~srsrb~q}l}twz~g| i|x{lt|z{z~vwlwz} }st}uf~{u{p{~v|~}qzw l|qv{yjX~

<B , )LJ9


ozx}yw~ |su{x|v{f~ s}gwy~ }xt}q}~ koyx}vwj~ YW}z}shw~ lrzr~ u}gy}t}xwvwy~ u{~ n{y~ k}t}zu{ Irpq}~}yswu~i|y{~i|xt|t|u~mk|y|~i{st{ls{yj~]{y~k}t}zu{~[gyrb}~i{st{ls{y~g|~n{y~v}d} d{h~oxt}q}a}uswyj~Umzq}~q|z{~n{y~hwewy}~i{yt{ls{yj~]{y~k}t}zu{~rqi}yxwuf~v|gx|s~g| v{zf~ cxtmlsmy~ nrzx}ywz~ d|bp{j~ R|z{v|z~ i|x|n{x{yx|y~ n|xu{f~ }t}~ g}yxwux}ywzw~ q{s{y` t{lx|yv{y~}yswujX~>[x|up}zvy~]xou9~Sobxr~Op|yx|y`MG+A9~a{xs~+9~pj.G?~v{q|z~[j~]xouf q}~v}~YV|b{t{k~vrqrqoyrk~u{~Umzq}~U|gy{t{~ox}y}u~n{x{z|z~uoyurzh~n{y~v|e{l{t v}xi}pwf~ q}l}t~ s}ykwzv}u{~ ucus|z~ n{y~ v|e{l{tf~ nmsmz~ [gyrb}qw~ p{x{b~ pmbmyt|us|f nrzrz~i|yh|ux|lt|p{~{h{z~v|~}dx}up}xf~n{x{tp|xf~|uozot{uf~p{q}p}xf~s|uz{u~g|~p}z}s` p}x~ d|y~ smyxm~ qox}~ n}lgryrxt}us}vwy9~ nr~ v|e{l{t~ cqx|~ n{y~ dwkx}~ {x|yx|t|us|v{y~ u{f p}g}ls}z~cza|~q}~v}~pozy}~oxprzf~voe}z~hoarux}ywtwkf~n{k{t~|pu{~vmzq}twkw~b|u~}k }zx}q}n{x|a|uf~smtmqx|~v|e{l{u~n{y~vmzq}v}~q}l}q}a}ux}yvwyj Dimitar Dimov YUmzq}~v|gy{t{~q|yx|l{u~n{y~oxir~d}x{z|~i|xt{l~nrxrzt}us}vwyj~V}~nrzr~q}vpw` t}uf~ d}~ nrzrz~ u}ylwpwzv}~ srsrarxrux}~ v{y|st|uf~ d}~ srsrb~ q}l}twz~ g|~ i|x{lt|z{z vwlwz}~ }st}uf~ {u{p{~ v|~ }qzw~ l|qv{yjX~ >Sdot}p~ T}zz_v}z~ }us}y}z~ ]oy{p~ Wrhuog9 L|yh|uh{x{e{z~S}y{d{9~pj~MG0?~v{q|z~Sj~T}zz_x}~nr~uozrv}~p}v|a|~{u{~cyz|us{yj A=j~ qmkqwxv}~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ u}b{s}x{ps~ p{ps|t{z~ {h{z|~ qrg}yx}zvwew~ u|zv{~ q}bwp}x uy{k{~n{y~q}zwqx}~q|z{~g|~v}d}~{x|y{~n{y~sobxrtp}x~p{ps|t|~i|h{x|n{xt|p{~{h{z~i|y|u|z t}vv{~ cz~ uolrxx}yw~ oxirzx}lswywb~ n{y{us{y{yu|zf~ n{y~ q}zwqx}~ v}~ {zp}zwz~ vmlmzp|x q}l}twzw~ucuxm~n{h{tv|~v|e{ls{yv{j~]r~v|e{l{t~k}s|z~i|yh|uh{~p}z}ss}~g}yox}z~s}y{d` p|xa{x{u~}zx}qwlwzwz~v}d}~v}~imhx|zt|p{f~i|x{lt|p{~qczmzv|~oxvrj~Z|zv{x{e{zv|z~s}` y{dp|xa{x{uf~ q|y{z{~ n{x{zhx{~ n{y~ s}y{dp|x~ \}yuwzv}~ oxrl}~ nwy}uswj~ ]r~ n{x{zhx{~ s}y{dp|x \}yuwzv}xwuf~v}d}~n}ls}z~n|y{~i|yh|uh{~p}z}ss}~g|~ck|xx{ux|~|v|n{q}ss}~n{yx{us|~voerb i|x{lt|q|~ n}lx}q}zf~ sobxrtrz~ g|~ sobxrtp}x~ {x{lu{x|y{z~ hckmtx|zt|p{zv|~ v|~ n{y pwhy}t}f~n{y~z{s|x{u~v|e{l{t{~q}y}sswj L|yh|uh{~ n{y~ |v|n{q}s~ |p|y{z|~ i|yh|u~ {h|y{e{z{~ g|y|zf~ o~ |p|y{z~ q}y}swawpw~ ox}z U}d}~cza|u{ p}z}shwzwzf~ sobxrtrf~ sobxrtp}x~ {x{lu{x|y{~ i|yh|uh{~ n{y~ n}uwl~ }hwpwqx}~ {kx|t|p{f i|yh|uh{~p}z}shwx}yf sobxrtp}x~ oxirx}yw~ g|~ {x{lu{x|y{~ i|yh|uh{~ n{y~ qczs|tx|~ hckmtx|t|p{~ g|~ |xv|~ |ss{e{ u|zv{~u{l{p|x~vmzq} i|yh|u~pozrhx}yw~v}~i|yh|uh{~n{y~qczs|tx|~}zx}st}pwvwyj~R}z{~i|yh|e{z~}xiwx}zt}pw icymlx|y{~\}yuxw~oxp}~v} g|~i|yh|uh{~n{y~qczs|tx|~}zx}swxt}pwvwyj~]r~hou~qczxm~sobxrtp}x~{za|x|t|f~|v|n{` u}b{s}x{kt{f~u}b{s}x{ps q}s~ p}z}swzv}~ d|y~ k}t}z~ cz|tx{~ n{y~ q|y|~ p}d{b~ oxvrj~ Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}s sobxrtp}x~p{ps|t{z }hwpwzv}z~nr~v}d}~v}~nmqmu~n{y~cz|t|~p}d{bs{yj~Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}s~}za}u u|zv{p{z{~hou~qczxm nr~qoxx}f~s}y{d~noqrza}~i|x{l|z~g|~i{v|y|u~v}d}~v}~v|y{zx|l|z~{zp}zwz~q}n}zawx}l` n{y~}z}x{kx|~h{k|y|uf t}pwz}~>d|t~u|zv{p{z|~d|t~v|~sobxrt}~q}n}zawx}lt}pwz}?~poz~g|yt|q|~qcz|x|z9 ozrz~h|x{lu{x|y{z{f n{y|q`sobxrt~ u}ylwsxwewzwz~ q|y{z|f~ nr~ u}ylwsxwewz~ s|t|x{zv|u{~ hwu}y~ h}swlt}pwzw h}swlt}x}ywzw~icps|y` oys}v}z~ u}xvwy}y}u~ n{y|qx|~ sobxrtrz~ oys}ux}lswywx}z~ hwu}yx}yw~ s|t|x{zv|~ n{y~ rqrt v{x|yj~]r~|x|ls{y|x~q}u` i|s{yt|q|9~ {zp}zwz~ nmsmz~ q|s|z|ux|y{z{~ urxx}zt}pwzwz~ g|~ hou~ qczxm~ i|x{l{t{z{z x}lwt~pmy|a{zv| czmzm~}h}y}u~{zp}zwz~ckimy~q}l}twzwz~ox}z}ux}ywzw~q}y}st}q}~i{y{l|z~q|z{~sobxrtr p}z}shwf~|t|uh{ nmsmz~y|zux|y{qx|~h{kt|q{~n}l}y}n{x{yj pwzw\x}yv}z~q}z}f~d}xu ]ry}v}~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}s}~vmlmzp|x~s|t|xx|y{z{~g|y|z~n{x{tp|x~popq}x{ps s}n}u}x}ywzwz~n}uwl vmzq}~ icymlmzmz~ u|zv{p{v{yj~ <mzum~ n{x{tp|x~ popq}x{kt~ imzmtmkmz~ tov|yz }hwpwzv}z~n}u}y}u q}l}twzw~}zx}t}zwzf~nr~q}l}twz~z{s|x{e{z{~nmsmz~ckimz~icymzmt~n{h{tx|y{~{h{zv| |x|ls{yv{e{~{h{z icymb~}hwe}~hwu}yt}zwz~s}y{dp|x`sobxrtp}x~i|x{lt|z{z~g|~v|e{l{t{z~qczmzm~voeyr v|touy}s{kt~ n{h{tv|~ u}gy}t}zwz9~ u}gy}t}ux}~ v}~ q|s{zt|q{bf~ nr~ pmy|a{z~ n{y~ ckz|p{~ ox}y}u p}\x}ywzv}~ i|x{l{t~g|~v|e{l{t~pmy|a{z|~tmv}d{x~oxt}zwz~n{y{a{u~qoxrvryj~:{tv{~}xswzw~h{k|y|u q|y~}xwqoyvrj n|x{yst|u~ i|y|u{qoyB~ ]{y~ p}z}shwzwz~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{x{u~ {h{zv|~ q|y~ }xt}pwzwz~ |z n}ls}~i|x|z~uolrxrf~v}d}~cza|u{~nmsmz~i|yh|uh{~p}z}shwx}yv}z~\}yuxw~ox}y}u~n{x{tp|x popq}x{ps~vmzq}~icymlmz|~p}d{b~oxt}pwvwyj U}d}~ cza|u{~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}shwx}yf~ u|zv{~ u{l{p|x~ vmzq}~ icymlx|y{~ \}yuxw~ oxp}~ v} u}b{s}x{kt{f~u}b{s}x{ps~sobxrtp}x~p{ps|t{z~u|zv{p{z{~hou~qczxm~n{y~}z}x{kx|~h{k|y|uf ozrz~h|x{lu{x|y{z{f~h}swlt}x}ywzw~icps|yv{x|yj~]r~|x|ls{y|x~q}ux}lwt~pmy|a{zv|~p}z}shwf |t|uh{~pwzw\x}yv}z~q}z}f~d}xu~s}n}u}x}ywzwz~n}uwl~}hwpwzv}z~n}u}y}u~|x|ls{yv{e{~{h{z v|touy}s{kt~p}\x}ywzv}~q|y~}xwqoyvrj~]ry}v}~p}z}shwzwz~ckz|x~z{q|s{zv|z~n}ewtpwk ox}y}u~n{y~v|touy}s{kt~g}yj~]r~v|touy}s{ktf~|x|ls{y{z{z~n{x|y|u~q}~v}~n{xt|q|y|u

22

Güz ‘11


d}xu~ p}\x}ywzv}z~ qcz|xs{xt|p{zv|z~ {x|y{~ i|x{qoyj~ @yz|e{z~ ]}xk}af~ n{y~ uy}xawf~ n{y toz}yl{ps~oxvrer~d}xv|~u}b{s}x{ps~sobxrtp}x~q}bwv}u{~i|x{l{t~pmy|a{z{~g|~nr~i|x{l` t|z{z~|t|uh{f~qouprx~s}n}u}x}yv}z~{zp}zx}y~mk|y{zv|~z|~smy~pozrhx}y~q}y}sswewzw |z~ {q{~ h{k|zx|yv|z~ n{y{~ oxvrj~ ]{y|q{z~ sobxrt}~ q}n}zawx}lt}pwf~ n{y|q{z~ n{y|qv| vmlt}zxwu~noqrsx}ywz}~rx}l}z~y|u}n|s{~]}xk}a_s}~hou~imk|x~h{k{xt{ls{yj~[qzw~l|q Soxpsoq~{h{z~v|~i|h|yx{v{yj~Soxpsoq~{v|oxoJ{u`vmlmzp|x~qczmqx|~|x|~}xwzvwewzv}~s}y` {dp|x~ox}y}u~i|y{~ox}zw9~v{zp|xf~}s}|yu{x~}zx}qwlw~p}grzvrerf~sobxrtp}x~oxprz~n{y|q` p|x~ oxprz~ u}b{s}x{ps~ i|x{lt|z{z~ q}y}sswew~ h|x{lu{x|y{z~ g|~ h}swlt}x}ywz~ hckmtmzm nry}v}~icytmlsmyj~[t}~of~nrz}~y}et|z~u|zv{~vcz|t{z{z~Irpq}_pwzv}u{~u}b{s}` x{ps~ i|x{lt|q{~ g|~ s}y{dp|x`sobxrtp}x~ h|x{lu{x|y{~ |z~ {q{~ n{h{tv|~ q}zpwsswewf~ nr sobxrtp}x~ p{ps|t{z~ trJ{ux|y{~ g|~ v{e|y~ |t|uh{~ qwewzx}ywz~ q}l}tx}ywzw~ z}pwx~ h|u` {xt|k~d}x|~i|s{yv{e{z{~icps|y|z~|x|ls{y|x~vryrlr~z|v|z{qx|~v|touy}s{kt~p}\x}ywz` v}~q|y}xwyj [za}u~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}s~}hwpwzv}z~vryrt~v}d}~\}yuxwvwyj~W}z}shwzwz u|zv{p{~ n{x{tp|x~ popq}x{ps~ n}uwl~ }hwpwz}~ p}d{b~ oxt}v}z~ nrzr~ n}l}y}t}kj~ <mzum p}z}shw~ }hwpwzv}z~ n{y|q~ ox}y}u~ {zp}zwz~ hwu}ywqx}~ sobxrtrz~ hwu}yx}yw~ }y}pwzv}u{ uobt}k~n}ex}yw~{zp}zwz~ckx|tx|y{z{f~vrqirx}ywzwf~{ps|tx|y{z{~nmsmz~u}yt}lwuxwew {h{zv|~{h~vmzq}pwzw~}zx}t}pwf~u}gy}t}pwf~}za}u~n{x{tp|x~popq}x{ps~cey|s{~wlwewzv} ox}z}uxwvwyj~ R}z{~ p}z}shwf~ q}l}twz~ u|zv{p{z{~ byox|s}yq}zwz~ n}uwl~ }hwpwzv}zf popq}x{ps~n{y~u}gy}qwlx}~u}gy}t}v}zf~ozr~h{kt|p{~v|~tmtumz~v|e{xv{yj~Wopq}x{ps n{y~ u}gy}qwl~ {h{z~ v|~ popq}x{ps~ oxt}u~ n{y~ koyrzxrxrusryj~ R}xzwka}~ popq}x{ps~ n{y p}z}shw~ u}b{s}x{ps~ sobxrtp}x~ q}bwqw~ u|zv{~ i|yh|u~ h|x{lu{~ g|~ h}swlt}x}yw~ {h{zv| u}gy}vwew~i{n{f~i|x{l{t~qczmzm~v|~voeyr~ox}y}u~g|y|n{x{yj~Pls|~nr~{v|oxoJ{u`\|xp|` \{~voz}zwt}~p}d{b~oxvrerzv}f~}za}u~nr~p}q|v|~p}z}shw~i|z|x~ox}zwz~{h{zv|u{~n{y p|\|yx{u~ox}zw~h{k|yu|zf~i|z|x~ox}zw~v}~nmsmz~qczx|y{qx|~h{k|n{x{yj Pls|~nry}v}~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}sw~v}d}~cza|u{~i|yh|uh{~p}z}swz~s}t}twz` v}z~}qwy}z~n{y~ck|xx{e{~v}d}~}hwuh}~icymx|n{x{yB~]{x{zhx{~s}y{dp|xa{x{uj~U}d}~cza|u{ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}ss}~ ox}z~ l|qf~ s}y{dp|x`sobxrtp}x~ ox}zwz~ \}yuwz}~ g}yt}uswf~ s}y{dp|x \}yuwzv}xwuswj~ Kqp}~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}ss}~ ox}z9~ {zp}zwz~ |gy{t{~ noqrza}~ s}` y{dp|x~ox}y}u~n{yn{y{z{~s}u{b~|v|z~sobxrtp}x~p{ps|tx|y{z~u}hwzwxt}k~ox}y}u~i|yh|u` x|l|z~}yvwlwu~i|x{l{t{z{z~p}z}s~qoxrqx}~|x|~}xwzwb~ckmtx|zt|p{zv|z~pozy}~|ps|s{u ox}y}u~qoyrtx}zwb~q|z{v|z~h{k{t{v{yj W}z}shwzwz~ u|zv{p{zv|~ n{x{tp|x~ popq}x{ps~ u}gy}qwl~ ox}y}u~ g}yox}z~ vmzq}q}f sobxrt}~g|~{zp}z}~qcz|x{t{zv|u{~n{x{zhx{~s}gwyf~s}y{dp|x~u}gy}qwlwz~u|zv{p{zv|~v| n{x{zhx{~ n{y~ s}gwy~ ox}y}u~ oys}q}~ hwu}yj~ ]r~ srsrtf~ u}hwzwxt}k~ ox}y}u~ |ps|s{u~ qcz` s|t{z~u|zv{p{zv|~v|~g}yvwyj~Yjjj~n{y~qczs|tf~q}l}twz~{v|oxoJ{u~g|~|ps|s{up|x~ox}y}u n{x{z{l{~{x|~{ti|x|y~d}x{zv|~v{x|~i|s{y{x{l{~{xu|x|y{z{z~s}y{dp|x~ox}y}u~uolrxx}ztwl~g| q}y}swaw~ by}s{ux|~ k|zi{zx|ls{y{xt{l~ {xu|x|y{z~ n{y~ sobx}twvwyjX~ >]j~ Wrhuogf L|yh|uh{x{e{z~S}y{d{9~pj~MG0f~}xsw~oyJ{z}xv|~h{k{x{?~]r~z|v|zx|~imzmtmkv|~tov|yz u}b{s}x{ps~sobxrtrz~s|t|x{zv|~q|y~}x}z~sobxrtp}x~h|x{lu{~g|~h}swlt}x}ywzf~sobxrt` ar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}shwx}y~s}y}\wzv}z~smt~qczx|y{qx|~h{k{x{b~icps|y{xt|p{f~nr~qczs|t{z u|zv{~ck~q}bwpw~i|y|e{~oxt}kp}~oxt}k~n{y~uolrxvryj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}shwzwz~u|zv{p{~n{x{tp|x~popq}x{kt{z~n{y~p}grzrarpr oxt}u~ vryrtrzv}vwy~ v|v{uj~ R}z{~ p}z}shwzwz~ u|zv{p{~ v|~ n}ls}~ byox|s}yq}~ oxt}u mk|y|~t{xqozx}ya}~|t|uh{z{z~u}v|y{z{~|su{x|q|z~vmzq}zwz~v|e{ls{y{xt|p{~{l{z{z~n{y ckz|p{v{yj~]cqx|x{ux|~q}l}twz~u|zv{p{~p}z}shw~}hwpwzv}z~v}~i|yh|u~h|x{lu{~g|~h}swl` t}x}ywqx}~ n{yx{us|~ n{y~ i|x{l{t~ g|~ v|e{l{t~ pmy|a{~ d}x{z{~ }xwyj~ ]{y~ q}zv}z~ p}z}shwf vmzq}zwz~ v|e{ls{y{xt|p{~ |qx|t{z{z~ ckz|p{~ ox}y}u~ pmy|ux{~ q|z{~ q|z{~ l|qx|y cey|z{yu|zf~ n{y~ q}zv}z~ v}~ nr~ v|e{l{t{z~ u|zv{p{z{~ p}z}sp}x~ q}y}swpwzv}~ q|z{v|z qoyrtx}q}y}u~h{k|yj~]r~z|v|zx|~{zp}zwz~u|zv{p{z{z~g|~sobxrtrz~t}vv{~t}z|g{ i|x{l{t{f~nrzrz~z}pwx~oxt}pw~i|y|us{e{~p}z}shwzwz~p}xs~s}p}ywt~qoxrqx}~rx}lswew~n{y pozrh~oxt}qwbf~i|yh|u~q}l}twz~u|zv{p{~s}y}\wzv}z~cymxmb~i|yh|ux|ls{y{xt|us|v{yj

Güz ‘11

23

Nikolai Ostrovski

W}z}shwzwz~u|zv{p{zv|~n{x` {tp|x~popq}x{ps~u}gy}qwl ox}y}u~g}yox}z~vmzq}q}f sobxrt}~g|~{zp}z}~qcz|x{` t{zv|u{~n{x{zhx{~s}gwyf~ s}y{dp|x~u}gy}qwlwz~ u|zv{p{zv|~v|~n{x{zhx{~n{y s}gwy~ox}y}u~oys}q}~hwu}yj ]r~srsrtf~u}hwzwxt}k ox}y}u~|ps|s{u~qczs|t{z u|zv{p{zv|~v|~g}yvwyj~Yjjj n{y~qczs|tf~q}l}twz~{v|` oxoJ{u~g|~|ps|s{up|x~ox}y}u n{x{z{l{~{x|~{ti|x|y d}x{zv|~v{x|~i|s{y{x{l{ {xu|x|y{z{z~s}y{dp|x~ox}y}u uolrxx}ztwl~g|~q}y}swaw by}s{ux|~k|zi{zx|ls{y{xt{l {xu|x|y{z~n{y~sobx}twvwyjX


Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{x{uf~p}z}s~g| |v|n{q}s~}x}zwzv} i|yh|ux|lt{l~n{y v|gy{tv{yj~]r~v|gy{tf p}v|a|~|ps|s{u~qczs|t }x}zwzv}~u}xt}twlf {zp}zwz~t}z|g{~}x}zv}u{ nmsmz~\}}x{q|sx|y{z{ oxvrer~i{n{f~p}z}swz s|t|xf~n|x{yx|q{a{~ q}zx}ywzw~v}~ |su{x|t{lf~ v|e{ls{yt{ls{yj

Şolohov

R}l}tv}~oxvrer~i{n{~p}z}ss}~v}~i|x{lt|~vmk~n{y~h{ki{~d}x{zv|~v|e{xv{yj~Pz{lx{ hwuwlxw~n{y~pmy|h~{kx|yf~pwhy}t}x}yx}f~b}sx}t}x}yx}~i|yh|ux|l{yj~S}y{dp|x~sobxrtp}x i|x{lt|v|~q|z{~n{y~vryrt~oys}q}~hwuswewzv}f~nr~p}z}s~}x}zwzv}~v}~u|zv{p{z{~icp` s|y{yj~Umzq}qw~}xs~mps~|v|zf~|pu{~vmzq}qw~g|~q}l}t~n{h{t{z{~qwuwb~q|z{~n{y~q}l}t uryt}q}~qcz|x|z~byox|s}yq}~g|~|t|uh{~qwewzx}ywz~i|yh|ux|ls{yv{e{~nmqmu~s}y{dp|x pwhy}t}zwzf~ nr~ nmqmu~ v|gy{t{z~ n{y~ pozrar~ ox}y}u~ voevr~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{ p}z}sj~ Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{x{uf~ p}z}s~ g|~ |v|n{q}s~ }x}zwzv}~ i|yh|ux|lt{l~ n{y v|gy{tv{yj~]r~v|gy{tf~p}v|a|~|ps|s{u~qczs|t~}x}zwzv}~u}xt}twlf~{zp}zwz~t}z|g{ }x}zv}u{~nmsmz~\}}x{q|sx|y{z{~oxvrer~i{n{f~p}z}swz~s|t|xf~n|x{yx|q{a{~q}zx}ywzw~v} |su{x|t{lf~v|e{ls{yt{ls{yj~W}z}s~}x}zwzv}~v}d}~cza|~b|u~hou~u|k~|x|~}xwzvwew~d}xv| hckmx|t|q|zf~ hckmx|t|k~ ox}y}u~ u}nrx~ icy|z~ h|x{lu{~ g|~ h}swlt}x}y~ sobxrtar i|yh|uh{~qczs|tx|~q|z{v|z~|x|~}xwztwlf~n{y|qx|~sobxrt~}y}pwzv}~|pu{~sobxrtv} g}yox}z~ u}ylwsxwu~ g|~ y|u}n|s{z~ q|z{~ sobxrtv}~ q|y{z{~ rqrt}~ nwy}ut}pwz}~ n}exw ox}y}u~ hckmtx|z|n{xv{e{f~ hckmxvmem~ icps|y{xt{ls{yj~ ]r~ ck|xx{e{qx|~ sobxrtar i|yh|uh{~ q}y}swt~ qczs|t{f~ |ps|s{up|x~ g|~ {v|oxoJ{u~ {xu|x|y{z~ n{yx{e{zv|z~ voe}z p}z}sp}x~ n{y~ vmlmzt|~ qczs|t{v{yj~ ]rf~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}shwx}ywz~ u|zv{` x|y{zv|~ g}y~ ox}z~ n{x{zhx{~ s}y{dp|xa{x{us|z~ g|~ }qzw~ k}t}zv}~ u|zv{x|y{z{~ s}y{d{z ckz|p{~ ox}z~ byox|s}yq}zwz~ p}\wzv}~ g}y|st|x|y{zv|zf~ {v|oxoJ{uf~ box{s{uf~ by}s{u ox}y}u~pwzw\p}x~srsrt~}xwlx}ywzv}z~u}qz}ux}zwyj Ox|ls{y|x~ i|yh|uh{x{u~ u|zv{~ vmlmzp|x~ qcz|x{t{z{z~ t}vv{~ s|t|xx|y{z{f~ ck|x tmxu{q|s~sobxrtr~ox}z~u}b{s}x{ps~sobxrtp}x~p{ps|t|~u|zv{x{e{zv|z~n{h{tv|~u}ylw hwu}z~u{sx|x|y{z~d}y|u|s{zv|~nrxryB~ozx}ywz~vrqirx}ywzwzf~}awx}ywzwzf~p|g{zhx|y{z{z g|~ icymlx|y{z{z~ p}z}s~ }x}zwzv}~ {\}v|p{v{yj~ Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{x{up|~ A=j~ qmkqwxwz n}lwzv}~ q|z{v|z~ Yicuqmkmzm~ \|sd|~ hwu}zX~ g|~ {xu~ v|\}~ u|zv{~ s}y{dx|y{z{~ n{x{zhx{ ox}y}u~ uryt}u~ mk|y|~ d}y|u|s|~ i|h|z~ byox|s}yq}~ g|~ |t|uh{~ qwewzx}ywzf~ vmzq}qw vczmlsmyt|q|~ i{y{l|z~ i|z{l~ u{sx|x|y{z~ hwu}yx}ywzwzf~ vrqir~ g|~ vmlmza|x|y{z{z vox}qpwkf~voeyrv}z~{\}v|p{zv|~nrxry~u|zv{~s|t|xx|y{z{j R{z|~v}d}~cza|u{~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}ss}~icps|y{x|z~ox}qx}ywz~v|g{zv{y{a{p{~uo` zrtrzv}u{~ yot}z~ u}dy}t}zx}ywzwz~ cz|~ hwu}z~ n|x{yi{z~ ck|xx{ux|y{~ ckz|x~ q}z` x}ywvwyj~Z}dy}t}zf~u|zv{~ozryrf~u|zv{~}t}hx}ywf~u|zv{~{ps|ux|y{~{h{zf~u|zv{~g}y` xwewzw~pmyvmyt|u~{h{z~ox}qx}ywz~{h{zv|~q|y~}xwyj~Kqp}~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}s` s}~nr~v|e{lt{ls{yj~Ov|n{q}s~s}y{d{zv|~{xu~u|k~ox}qx}yw~q}y}s}z~u{sx|x|y{z~u|zv{p{v{yf u}dy}t}z~ox}z~n{y|q~v|e{xj~]ry}v}~u}dy}t}zxwus}~}yswu~s|u~s|u~u{l{x|yv|z~v}d} hou~ u{sx|~ u}dy}t}zxwew~ ox}y}u~ g}yvwyj~ MGM0~ pozy}pwzv}~ Wogq|s~ |v|n{q}swzv}~ g| p}z}swzv}~}pwx~s|t}f~s}y{d{~{x|yx|s|z~u{sx|x|y{z~u}dy}t}zxwu~voxr~|qx|tx|y{~oxtrl` sryj~ ]rzr~ Loyu{_v|f~ Kpsyogpu{_v|f~ :oxodog_v}f~ C}v|q|g_v|f~ Nobog_v}~ g|~ v}d} b|u~ hou~ Wogq|s~ p}z}shwpwzwz~ |p|yx|y{zv|~ icyt|u~ tmtumzj~ [qzw~ }z}~ s|t}f T|q|ydoxv~s{q}syoprzv}f~O{p|zps|{z~p{z|t}pwzv}~g|~s}u{bh{x|y{zv|~v|~icymxmyj ]r~p}z}shwx}ywz~|p|yx|y{zv|~q|y~}x}z~u{sx|x|y~u}b{s}x{kt|~poz~g|y|y|u~q|z{~g| v}d}~{x|y{~n{y~q}l}t~uryt}q}~i{y{lt{lx|yv{yj~Z{sx|x|y{z~{xu~v|\}~u|zv{~u}v|yx|y{z{ |xx|y{z|~ }xwb~ u|zv{~ s}y{dx|y{z{~ n{x{zhx{a|~ uryt}q}~ n}lx}vwew~ nr~ pmy|hs|f~ }za}u popq}x{ps~n{y~p}z}shwf~vwls}z~n{y~ickx|ta{~v|e{xf~ox}qx}ywz~{h{zv|~q|y~}x}z~n{y{p{f s}y{d{z~ }uwlwzw~ dwkx}zvwy}z~ u{sx|x|y{z~ q}l}twzw~ g|~ p}g}lwtwzw~ nmsmz~ qczx|y{~ g| a}zxwxwew~ {h{zv|~ }xiwx}q}n{x{y~ g|~ q}zpws}n{x{yv{j~ ]r~ z|v|zx|~ nr~ vcz|t p}z}shwx}ywzwz~q}y}sswew~s{bx|y~|s{qx|f~u|t{e{qx|f~vrqirx}yw~g|~vmlmza|x|y{qx|~a}b` a}zxwf~potrs~n{y|y~{zp}zvwyx}yj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}s~|p|yx|y{zv|~u{sx|x|y{z~q}l}tw~nryJrg}~sobxrt` v}z~z{s|x{u~ox}y}u~v}d}~\}yuxw~q}zpwswxwb~icps|y{x{yj~]r~\}yuf~n{y|q{z~{h{zv|~d}y|u|s |ss{e{~ z|pz|x~ uolrxx}ywzf~ n{y|qx|~ sobxrtr~ n{yn{y{z|~ n}ex}q}z~ {x{lu{~ n{h{tx|y{z{zf vwl~ vmzq}zwz~ n{y|q~ mk|y{zv|u{~ |su{x|y{z{z~ hou~ qczxm~ g|~ u}bp}txw~ }y}lswywxwb h{k{xt|p{zv|~ u|zv{p{z{~ icps|y{yj~ ]ry}v}~ Ys}y{d{z~ v|g{zv{y{a{~ imam~ u{sx|x|yv{yX }zx}qwlwf~ u{sx|x|y{z~ {h{zv|u{~ pwzw\p}x~ \}yuxwxwux}y~ d{hn{y~ k}t}z~ ick}yvw~ |v{xt|u` p{k{z~d|y~pwzw\~g|~u}st}zv}z~s{bx|y{z~h{k{t{zv|~o~pwzw\}~ckim~u}y}us|y{ps{u~ck|x`

24

Güz ‘11


x{ux|y~ g|~ v}gy}zwl~ n{h{tx|y{qx|~ n{yx{us|~ h{k{xt|p{zv|~ }hwuh}~ u|zv{p{z{~ icps|y{yj Kx}qx}ywz~ cyimpm~ g|~ sobxrtrz~ q}l}tw~ i|yh|ux{e|~ rqirz~ ox}y}u~ h{k{x{yj~ Pls|~ nr ck|xx{uf~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~q}k}yx}ywz~d}y|u|s|~i|h|z~u{sx|x|y{z~t}z|g{~i|x{l{t{` z{~h{kt|v|~z|v|z~ncqx|~n}l}ywxw~oxvrux}yw~poyrprzrz~a|g}nwzw~v}~g|y{qoyj @yz|e{z~Fj~Kpsyogpu{_z{z~|b{u~yot}zw~Y3|~<|x{e|~Wr~3|y{xv{X~i|yh|ux|~cqx|` p{z|~ rqrtxrvry~ u{f~ ouryv}f~ q}k}yf~ p}zu{~ u|zv{~ d}q}swzw~ }zx}swqoytrl~ d{pp{ rq}zvwywyj~ ]r~ qmkv|z~ v|~ u}b{s}x{kt{~ qwuwb~ v}d}~ {x|y{~ n{y~ sobxrtp}x~ p{ps|t~ ox}z popq}x{kt{~ uryt}q}~ i{y{l|z~ {lh{`|t|uh{~ qwewzx}ywzf~ nr~ p}g}lwt~ {h{zv|~ t}z|g{` toy}x~imh~ox}y}u~z|~u}v}y~imhxm~g|~i|x{lu{z~oxvrux}yw~v}~nmqmu~n{y~rps}xwux}~icp` s|y{xt{ls{yj~[qzw~l|q{~v{e|y~Wogq|s~p}z}shwx}ywzv}~icyt|u~tmtumz~oxvrer~i{n{f Uoer~ [gyrb}~ U|gy{ta{x|y{z{~ }zx}s}z~ U{t{sy~ U{togf~ T{su}~ Ly{nh|g}f~ [zz} Wd|id|yp~i{n{~Uoer~[gyrb}xw~p}z}shwx}ywz~|p|yx|y{zv|~v|~icy|n{x{y{kj 1sob{u~popq}x{psx|y{zf~popq}x{kt{zf~}za}u~q|z{~s{bs|~{zp}zx}y~s}y}\wzv}z~uryr` x}n{x|a|e{z|~v}{y~nmsmz~pckx|y{z|~z}pwx~imxmb~i|hs{ux|y{z{~}zx}s}z~;|z{zf~T}y%_wz v}~v{uu}s~h|us{e{f~s}y{d{z~q|s{ls{y{b~czx|y{z|~uoqvrerB~u}b{s}x{ps~p{ps|t{z~b|u~hou qczv|z~ oxrtprk~ |su{x|v{e{~ {zp}zx}yx}~ nr~ {l{~ n}l}yvwux}ywzwf~ k}s|z~ n}lu}~ smy` xmpmzmz~v|~tmtumz~oxt}vwewzw~pcqxmqoyvrj~Pls|f~nmsmz~nr~q}k}yx}ywz~|p|yx|y{zv| q}y}sswux}yw~u}y}us|yx|y{z~oys}u~q}zw~v}~nrvryj~Z}b{s}x{kt{~qwuwb~q|z{~n{y~sobxrt uryt}q}~i{y{l|z~u{sx|x|yf~{h{zv|z~hwuwb~i|xv{ux|y{~|pu{~sobxrtrz~n{y~hou~b{px{e{z{f oxrtprkxrerzr~ v}~ n|y}n|yx|y{zv|~ i|s{yt{lx|yv{yj~ Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ q}k}yx}ywz |p|yx|y{zv|~q|y~}x}z~nr~u{sx|x|yf~q|z{~sobxrtr~uryt}u~{h{z~i{y{ls{ux|y{~tma}v|x| pmy|a{zv|~u|zv{~u|zv{x|y{z{~v|~q|z{x|yf~v|gy{t~}s|l{zv|f~u}b{s}x{kt{z~u|zv{x|y{z| nrx}lswyvwew~b|u~hou~oxrtprk~l|qv|z~v|~}ywzwyx}yj Umzq}zwz~b|u~hou~mxu|p{zv|~q}l}z}z~v|gy{tx|yv|z~pozy}~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{ p}z}shwx}y~ |p|yx|y{zv|~ {zp}zwz~ voe}pwzv}~ g}yox}z~ {q{a{xf~ poqxrf~ {zp}z{~ q}zx}ywf q}y}swaw~ h}n}qw~ h{k{b~ icps|y{yu|z9~ }qzw~ k}t}zv}~ n{zx|ya|~ qwxxwu~ ck|x~ tmxu{q|s vmzq}pwzwzf~pwzw\xw~sobxrtrz~{zp}z}~nrx}lswyvwew~n|za{xf~u}n}f~ucsmamx~g|~d}qg}z{ ox}z~ g|~ {zp}zwz~ {zp}zx}lt}pwz}~ q}n}zaw~ z|~ g}yp}~ d|bp{z{~ {zp}z~ n|zx{e{zv|z vmlmza|~g|~v}gy}zwlwzv}z~z}pwx~vwlx}vwewzw~v}~icps|y{yx|yj~ ]msmz~ pwzw\xw~ sobxrtx}yv}~ g}y~ ox}z~ ck|x~ tmxu{q|s~ z|v|z{qx|~ {zp}z v}gy}zwlx}ywz}~ |su{~ |v|z~ s|t|x~ imvmpmf~ n|za{xf~ n{y|qp|x~ hwu}yw~ oxtrlsryj~ @k|x tmxu{q|s{~ oys}v}z~ u}xvwy}y}u~ {zp}zwz~ {zp}zw~ pctmympmz|~ poz~ g|y|a|u~ q|z{~ n{y sobxrt~ uryt}q}~ i{y{l|z~ u{sx|x|y{z~ |su{zx{ux|y{z{~ n|x{yx|q|z~ s|t|x~ imvmf~ }yswu n{y|q{z~ n|za{x~ hwu}yw~ v|e{xf~ u{sx|x|y{z~ hwu}ywvwyj~ ]{y|q{z~ hwu}yw~ {x|~ sobxrtrz hwu}ywzw~u}qz}lswy}z~nr~pmy|hf~{zp}zwz~t}z|g{~vmzq}pwzw~v}~k|zi{zx|ls{y{bf~d|t {v|oxoJ{u~ d|t~ }dx}u{~ }hwv}z~ {x|yx|s{yj~ ]r~ pmy|a{~ v}d}~ {xu~ }vwtx}ywzv}qu|zf n}lx}ziwawzv}qu|z~ }xiwx}qwb~ u}gy}q}z~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}shwx}y~ |p|yx|y{zv| nrzr~n}l}ywqx}~}us}ytwlx}yvwyj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}ss}~}zx}swtwz~s|t|x~ck|xx{ux|y{zv|z~n{y{~v|~ox}q` x}yw~i|yh|ux|ls{y|z~u}dy}t}zx}~ox}qx}ywz~{h{zv|~a|y|q}z~|ss{e{~vwl~vmzq}~}y}pwzv} g}yox}z~ hou~ qczxm~ u}ylwxwuxw~ {x{lu{z{z~ icps|y{xt|p{v{yj~ ]cqx|x{ux|~ n{y|q~ g|~ vwl vmzq}~ hou~ qczxm~ ox}y}u~ {yv|x|z{b~ h{k{xv{e{~ i{n{f~ n{y|q{z~ q}l}tw~ mk|y{zv|~ |su{x{ ox}z~z|pz|x~uolrxx}ywz~v|e{l{t{~g|~d}y|u|s{~v|~icps|y{x{yj~Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~|v|` n{q}ss}~vwl~vmzq}~d{hn{y~k}t}z~n{y|q{z~oz}~s|px{t~oxvrer~vry}e}z~n{y~z|pz|xx{u ox}y}u~q|y~}xt}kj~U}d}~cza|u{~|v|n{q}ss}~n{y|qx|y~vwl~vmzq}zwz~n{y~mymzm~ox}y}u h{k{x{yv{j~ ]r~ h{k{tv|~ n{y~ u}v|ya{x{uf~ vwl~ vmzq}q}~ s|px{t{q|s~ g}yvwyj~ Sobxrtar i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}ss}~ {p|~ vwl~ vmzq}f~ i|yh|ux{ux|~ rqrt~ {h{zv|f~ v|e{l{t~ i|h{y|zf d}y|u|s~d}x{zv|~q|y}xwyj~]ry}v}~vwl~vmzq}f~n{y|qx|y{z~q}l}twzwf~v{e|y~{zp}zx}yx} {x{lu{x|y{z{~|su{x|y9~s}y{dp|x~i|x{lt|z{z~{zp}zwz~czmz|~hwu}yvwew~poyrzx}yx}~g|~nr uolrxx}y~}xswzv}~q|y{z|~i|s{yt|p{~i|y|u|z~icy|gx|yx|~n{yx{us|f~a}zxwf~v{z}t{u~n{y imh~ ox}y}u~ g}yvwyj~ Uwl~ vmzq}f~ z|pz|x~ uolrxx}yf~ s|u~ s|u~ {zp}zx}y~ mk|y{zv|~ z}pwx |su{zp|f~ {zp}z~ v}~ {h{zv|~ d}y|u|s~ |ss{e{~ vwl~ vmzq}~ mk|y{zv|f~ z|pz|x~ uolrxx}y mk|y{zv|~cqx|~|su{zv{yB~F|pz|x~uolrxx}y~{zp}zw~z}pwx~v|e{ls{y{qoyp}f~{zp}z~v}~z|p`

Güz ‘11

25

Anna Seghers

1sob{u~popq}x{psx|y{zf popq}x{kt{zf~}za}u~q|z{ s{bs|~{zp}zx}y~s}y}\wzv}z uryrx}n{x|a|e{z|~v}{y nmsmz~pckx|y{z|~z}pwx imxmb~i|hs{ux|y{z{~}zx}s}z ;|z{zf~T}y%_wz~v}~v{uu}s h|us{e{f~s}y{d{z~q|s{ls{y{b czx|y{z|~uoqvrerB~ u}b{s}x{ps~p{ps|t{z~b|u hou~qczv|z~oxrtprk~ |su{x|v{e{~{zp}zx}yx}~nr {l{~n}l}yvwux}ywzwf~k}s|z n}lu}~smyxmpmzmz~v| tmtumz~oxt}vwewzw pcqxmqoyvrj~Pls|f~nmsmz nr~q}k}yx}ywz~|p|yx|y{zv| q}y}sswux}yw~u}y}us|yx|y{z oys}u~q}zw~v}~nrvryj~


z|x~uolrxx}yw~v|e{ls{y{yj~S}y{dp|x~sobxrtp}x~i|x{lt|z{z~i|yh|ux{ux|~rqrtxr~ox}z~nr h{k{t{f~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}s~ |p|yx|y{zv|~ icps|y{x|z~ sobxrtp}x~ d}y|u|s{z s|t|x{zv|u{~ h|x{lu{~ g|~ h}swlt}x}yw~ p}xs~ sobxrtp}x~ imhx|y{z~ oys}u~ d}y|u|s{~ {h{zv| icps|yt|ux|~ q|s{zt|kB~ R{z|~ i|yh|u~ q}l}tv}~ oxvrer~ i{n{~ s|u~ s|u~ {zp}zx}ywz~ \}yuxw q}l}tx}ywzwzf~u{l{p|x~icyml~}qywxwux}ywzwz~v}~icps|y{t{z{~q}b}y~g|~}qzw~k}t}zv}~nr u{l{x|y~}y}pwzv}u{~{x{lu{x|y{z~v|~h|l{sx{~qczx|y{qx|~h{k{t{z{~i|yh|ux|ls{y{yj~]msmz~nrz` x}yw~i|yh|uh{~n{y~}zx}swtx}~h{k|yu|zf~q}k}yf~nr~{zp}zx}ywz~icy|g~g|~poyrtxrxrux}ywzw v}~icps|y{yj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{x{e{z~u|zv{p{zv|u{~}qywxt}k~n{y~ck|xx{u~ox}z~n{x{zhx{~s}y{dp|x` a{x{uf~ q}k}y}f~ vmzq}qw~ v|e{ls{yt|~ tma}v|x|p{z|~ }swx}z~ pwy}v}z~ {zp}zx}yv}~ q|z{~ n{y vmzq}~ \{uy{z{z~ voerlrzr~ g|~ i|x{l{t{z{~ h{kt|~ ox}z}ew~ g|y{yj~ ]cqx|x{ux|~ sobxrtar i|yh|uh{~p}z}sf~d|t~u{sx|x|y{z~{h{zv|~nrxrzvrer~nr~pmy|a{~nmsmz~a}zxwxwewqx}~}zx}s` t}us}~ q|su{zx|l{b~ n}l}ywq}~ rx}lwyf~ d|t~ v|~ u{sx|x|yv|u{~ vmlmzp|x~ i|x{l{tx|~ rqrt d}x{zv|~ sobxrtp}x~ icps|y{t{~ q}bswew~ {h{zf~ |su{z~ g|~ imhxm~ n{y~ v|touy}s{kt{ Ermnest Hemingvay nmzq|p{zv|~ nrxrzvryryj~ Px|y{a{f~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}s}~ q}uwl}z~ n{h{tv|~ u{sx|x|y{z~ g|~ nr u{sx|x|y{~ oxrlsry}z~ |t|uh{~ pwzw\x}yv}z~ n{y|qx|y{z~ uozrtx}ywzv}f~ sobxrtp}x~ g}yoxrl n{h{tx|y{zv|~ i|x{l{b~ imhx|z|z~ {x|y{a{~ h{ki{x|y{z~ nr~ imhxm~ u}gy}zwlw9~ v|touy}s{uf popq}x{ps~ n{x{zh~ mk|y{zv|~ qmup|x|z~ n{x{zhx{~ s}y{dp|xa{x{ux|~ n{yx{us|f~ q}k}y}~ ourq}zw u|zv{p{z|~d}qy}z~nwy}u}zf~d|y~v|gy{ta{z{z~u|zv{p{zv|z~n{y~l|q~nrxvrer~sobxrtar i|yh|uh{~Yu}dy}t}zX~s{b{z{f~q}z{~q|z{~{zp}zw~h{kt|z{z~g|~icps|yt|z{z~ox}z}ux}ywzw g|yt{ls{yj Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{x{uf~ u|zv{p{zv|z~ cza|u{~ i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}ss}~ g}yox}z~ n{y|q Sobxrtar i|yh|uh{x{u~d|y~z| {zp}zw~ v}d}~ v}~ i|x{ls{y{yj~ ]ry}v}~ n{y|qf~ d|y~ l|qv|z~ cza|~ {h{zv|~ q}l}vwew~ z|pz|x u}v}y~n{y|q{~u|zv{p{z` uolrxx}ywzf~ sobxrtrz~ hou~ h|l{sx{~ n{h{tx|yv|~ n}puwpw~ }xswzv}vwyj~ F|pz|x~ uolrxx}y v|z~cza|u{~i|yh|uh{ n{y|q{z~l|u{xx|zt|p{zv|~cz|tx{~n{y~b}q}~p}d{b~oxvrer~i{n{f~n{y|q~v|~ozrz~n{y~b}yh}pw |v|n{q}ss}z~t{y}p ox}y}u~ nr~ nmsmzmz~ {h{zv|~ q|y~ }xwyj~ Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{x{u~ d|y~ z|~ u}v}y~ n{y|q{~ u|z` }xtwl~oxp}~v}~ozx}yv}z v{p{zv|z~cza|u{~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}ss}z~t{y}p~~}xtwl~oxp}~v}~ozx}yv}z~\}yuxw~ox}y}u~nr \}yuxw~ox}y}u~nr n{y|q{z~p}d{b~oxvrer~u|zv{~}t}awzw~v}~h{k{b~icps|y{yj~]r~}t}hf~n|x{yx|t|p{z{z~}xswz` n{y|q{z~p}d{b~oxvrer v}f~ {zp}z~ n|zx{e{zv|u{~ srsurx}ywf~ hwu}yx}yw~ g|~ qcz|x{tx|y{~ cza|v|z~ n|x{yx|q|z~ vwl u|zv{~}t}awzw~v}~h{k{b uolrxx}y~g}yvwy9~{zp}zwz~u|zv{~q}l}vwew~h}ewz~n}ywzvwyvwew~sobxrtp}x~h|x{lu{~g|~h}swl` icps|y{yj~]r~}t}hf t}x}yx}~{x{lu{p{f~n}ew~g}yvwyj~Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{x{e{z~u|zv{p{zv|u{~n{x{zhx{~s}y{dp|xa{` n|x{yx|t|p{z{z~}xswzv}f x{uf~ sobxrtp}x~ i|x{lt|z{z~ u{l{z{z~ t}z|g{~ i|x{l{t{~ mk|y{zv|u{~ |su{p{z{~ icps|y{yu|zf {zp}z~n|zx{e{zv|u{ v}d}~cza|u{~|v|n{q}swz~n{y|q`sobxrt~{x{lu{x|y{z{~{yv|x|yu|z~q}b}n{xv{ux|y{zv|z~hou srsurx}ywf~hwu}yx}yw~g| v}d}~ {x|y{~ i{v|y|uf~ nr~ {x{lu{q{~ t}vv{~ g|~ vmlmzp|x~ }x}zx}yv}u{~ hou~ qczxm~ i{y{\sx{e{ qcz|x{tx|y{~cza|v|z {h{zv|~}y}lswywb~icps|y{yj U}d}~ cza|u{~ i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}ss}~ n{y|q`sobxrt~ h}swlt}pw~ |p}p~ ox}y}u~ {u{~ }z} n|x{yx|q|z~vwl~uolrxx}y g}yvwy9~{zp}zwz~u|zv{ n{h{t~}xswzv}~icps|y{x{yj~]r~{u{~}z}~n{h{tv|z~n{y{zv|f~{zp}zf~u|zv{p{z{~p}y}zf~noe}z q}l}vwew~h}ewz vwl~vmzq}~{x|~tma}v|x|p{zv|~q|z{x{y9~nmsmz~d}q}xx|y{f~i|x|a|e|~v}{y~vmlx|y{~qwuwxwyf n}ywzvwyvwew~sobxrtp}x rtrsx}ywzw~ q{s{y{y~ g|~ d{u}q|z{z~ ~ pozrzv}~ u}dy}t}zwz~ cxmtm~ {x|~ sy}J|v{~ k{yg|q| h|x{lu{~g|~h}swlt}x}yx} hwu}yu|z~}zx}swt~n{s|yj~Pu{za{~|x|~}xwl~n{h{t{zv|~q{z|~}qzw~l|q~g}yvwy9~n{y|q~nmsmz {x{lu{p{f~n}ew~g}yvwyj~ h}n}x}ywz}f~p}g}lwtwz}~y}et|z~sobxrt~u}ylwpwzv}~u|zv{~{ps|v{e{~pozrhx}yw~|xv|~|v|` t|k9~ u|zv{~ d}q}xx|y{zv|zf~ i|x|a|e|~ v}{y~ vmlx|y{zv|zf~ s}p}ywtx}ywzv}z~ g}ki|h|yj Sobxrtrz~ n}puwpw~ }xswzv}~ q|z{x{yf~ oz}~ noqrz~ |e|yj~ V|y~ {u{~ n{h{tv|~ v|~ vy}t}f sobxrt`n{y|q~u}ylwsxwew~mk|y{z|~uryrxryj~]r~u}ylwsxwuf~q}k}y}f~d|t~vy}t}s{u~uryirqr imhx|zv{yt|~ox}z}ux}yw~g|y{yf~d|t~v|~n{y|q{z~u}ylwpwz}~v{u{x|zf~}awt}pwkf~vmlt}z~n{y imh~ox}y}u~u}dy}t}zw~|k|z~sobxrtp}x~q}bwzwzf~sobxrtrz~uwq}pwq}~|x|ls{y{xt|p{z{z ox}z}ux}ywzw~g|y{yj Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ qczs|t{z~ voerlrzv}z~ pozy}f~ ck|xx{ux|~ imhxm~ n{y~ n{y|q` sobxrt~ h{k{t{z{z~ i|x{l{t{f~ A=j~ qmkqwxwz~ b|u~ hou~ |x|ls{y|x~ i|yh|uh{~ q}k}ywzw~ v}~ |s` u{x|t{lf~ozx}ywz~}zx}swtx}ywz}~k|zi{zx{uf~v|y{zx{u~u}stwlswyj~MGM0~Ou{t~U|gy{t{~g| v}d}~ pozy}u{~ v|gy{tx|y{z~ i|yh|ux|lt|p{f~ popq}x{kt{z~ potrs~ n{y~ oxir~ ox}y}u vmzq}zwz~ cz|tx{~ n{y~ ncxmtmzv|~ |i|t|z~ oxrlr~ z}pwx~ u{~ nryJrg}~ v|gx|s{~ |su{x|q{bf Ypopq}x~ v|gx|sX~ v|z|z~ nryJrg}~ v|gx|s{~ q}y}sswqp}9~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}s~ v}

26

Güz ‘11


|x|ls{y|x~i|yh|uh{~p}z}s~mk|y{zv|~|su{v|~nrxrztrlf~ozx}ywz~}zx}swtx}ywzw~imhx|zv{y{b q}y}sw~qczs|tx|y{zv|~u{t{~v|e{l{tx|y|~qox}htwlswyj S}y{dp|x~i|x{lt|f~n|x{yx{~n{y~|gy|v|~p}z}shwqw~n{y|q`sobxrt~h}swlt}pwzw~{yv|x|t` |q|~koyx}vwj~W}z}shw~nr~h}swlt}qw~|x|~}xwb~h{kt|v|z~sobxrtr~v}~n{y|q{~v|~q}l}twz u|zv{p{z{~v|~i|yh|ux{e{~{h{zv|~icps|y|t|kv{j~L|yh|uh{~p}z}sf~nmsmz~sobxrtr~z|pz|x ox}y}u~ |x|~ }xt}q}~ n}lx}vwewzv}f~ i|yh|uh{~ q}y}swt~ qczs|t{z{z~ u|zv{p{~ n{y~ v|e{l{t i|h{yv{j~ :{tv{~ }yswu~ i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}s~ |p|yx|y{zv|~ h{k{x|z~ u}dy}t}zx}yf~ s}y{dp|x i|x{l{t~pmy|a{z|f~nr~i|x{l{t{z~qczmz|~v}{y~v|~s}gwy~}xt}u~vryrtrzv}~u}xvwx}yj~[qzw k}t}zv}~nr~u}dy}t}zf~sobxrtrz~u|zv{p{z|~n{hs{e{~i|x|z|up|x~v}gy}zwl~n{h{tx|y{z| u}ylw~ hwuswew~ i{n{f~ sobxrtv}u{~ i|x|z|up|x~ v|e|y~ q}yiwx}yw~ g|~ }dx}u{~ {xu|x|yx|~ v| u}hwzwxt}k~ox}y}u~h}swlt}q}~i{y|yj~]{y|q`sobxrt~}y}pwzv}u{~h|x{lu{~g|~h}swlt}zwz~|x| }xwzwlwzv}u{~nr~vryrtf~A=j~qmkqwxwz~n{y~hou~|x|ls{y|x~i|yh|uh{~q}k}ywzwz~q}bwsx}ywzv} v}~icymxmyj~@yz|e{z~Oyz|ps~V|t{i'}q_wz~Y<}zx}y~Z{t{z~Ph{z~<}xwqoyXrzv}u{~Ion|ys !oyv}z~ ncqx|v{yj~ W}v|a|~ \}l{psx|y{z~ urxx}z}a}ew~ n{y~ ucbymqm~ d}g}q}~ rhryt}u~ {h{z i|xv{e{~n{y~ncxi|v|~n{y~q}zv}z~Ppb}zq}~{h~p}g}lwzwz~n{y~icymzmtmzm~h{k|z~q}k}y9~nr \oz~mk|y{z|~osryssrer~Ion|ys~!oyv}z~u}y}us|y{zv|~q}k}y~|x|ls{y|x~i|yh|uh{x|yv|~v}d} cza|~ oxt}q}z~ n{h{tv|f~ u}dy}t}zwf~ v{e|y~ u}y}us|yx|y{z~ }yu}v}lx}ywzwz~ g|~ i{v|y|u ncxi|v|~q}l}q}z~nmsmz~{zp}zx}ywz~i|x|a|ux|y{~g|~u}v|yx|y{qx|~{xi{x|zv{e{z{~icps|y|y|u h{k|yj~[qzw~l|q{~YW{x}dx}y}~3|v}X~v}~q}~v}~I|t}yu_wz~Y]}sw~D|bd|p{zv|~R|z{~]{y~:|q RouXrzv}~v}~icy|n{x{y{kj~R}k}ywz~q}y}sswew~u}dy}t}zf~ckimyxmu~reyrz}~tma}v|x|q| u}swxwyj~ []U_v|z~ u}xuwb~ Ppb}zq}_q}~ i|x|z~ Ij~ !oyv}zf~ iczmxxm~ ox}y}u~ u}swxvwew~ nr p}g}ls}~u|zv{~u|zv{p{qx|~n{y~d|p}bx}lt}q}~i{y|yf~nr~{h~d|p}bx}lt}zwz~q}zwzv}~pmy|h ozrf~ q}b}a}ew~ |qx|tv|z~ pozy}~ ncxi|v|~ u}x}a}u~ ox}z~ v{e|y~ nmsmz~ {zp}zx}ywz~ u}v|y{ mk|y{z|~ vmlmzt|q|~ {s|yj~ U}d}~ cza|u{~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}ss}~ oxt}q}z~ l|qf~ u}dy}t}zwz t}z|g{~vmzq}pwzv}u{~nr~i|z{lx|t|v{yj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{x{u~vwlwzv}u{~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}swz~s}t}tw~n{y|q`sobxrt~{x{lu` {x|y{z{~ {yv|x|q{b~ }us}ywyu|zf~ u}hwzwxt}k~ ox}y}u~ n{y|q`sobxrt~ u}ylwsxwewzw~ g|~ i{v|y|u v}d}~v}~v|y{zx|l{b~p|ysx|l|z~h}swlt}qw~h{kt|u~vryrtrzv}qvwj~<mzum~i|yh|uh{~p}z}sf n{y|q{~g|~n{y|q{z~n{y~b}yh}pw~ox}y}u~{h{zv|~q}l}vwew~sobxrtr~u}ylwxwuxw~|su{x|l{t{qx| n{yx{us|~z|pz|x~ox}y}u~q}zpwst}u~vryrtrzv}vwyj~Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}sf~v}d} cza|u{~ i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}ss}z~ t{y}p~ }xwb~ i|x{ls{yv{e{~ nr~ ck|xx{e{~ z|v|z{qx|f~ n{y|q` sobxrt~ {x{lu{x|y{z{~ n{y~ n}lu}~ popqo`|uozot{u~ \oyt}pqoz~ {h{zv|~ {yv|x|t{ls{yj~ R}z{ sobxrtar`i|yh|uh{x{uf~ n{y|q`sobxrt~ {x{lu{x|y{z{~ u}b{s}x{kt~ uolrxx}ywzv}u{~ {x{lu{x|y ox}y}u~ |x|~ }xt}twlf~ u}b{s}x{kt{~ qwuwb~ v}d}~ {x|y{~ n{y~ sobxrtr~ uryt}q}~ qcz|x|z~ n{y pmy|hs|~nr~{x{lu{x|y{~|x|~}xwb~{yv|x|t{l~g|~q}zpwstwlswyj~]ry}v}f~{zp}zwz~s}y{dp|x~|gy{` t{zv|~{xu~v|\}~n{y|q`sobxrt~{x{lu{x|y{zv|~u}ylwsxwu~g|~i{v|y|u~v|y{zx|l{b~p|ysx|l|z~n{y h}swlt}~ pck~ uozrpr~ v|e{xv{yj~ [up{z|f~ i{v|y|u~ n{yn{y{z|~ q}uwzx}lt}f~ nmsmzx|lt| rqrtvry~pckuozrpr~ox}zj~]r~z|v|zx|~p}z}shwzwz~h{kv{e{~u}y}us|yx|y~d|t~vmlmzp|x~g| t}z|g{~qczv|z~n{y~v|e{l{t~g|~i|x{l{t~{h{zv|v{yf~d|t~v|~b|u~hou~qczv|z~z{s|x{u~n{y v|e{l{t~q}l}q}z~sobxrtp}x~q}bwv}u{~i|x{lt|z{z~\}yuwzv}vwyj~W}z}shwf~nry}v}f~v}d} qmup|u~ n{y~ sobxrtp}x~ \}yuwzv}xwu~ n{x{za{z|~ p}d{b~ n{y|q{~ h{k|yu|zf~ }qzw~ k}t}zv} sobxrt~u}ylwpwzv}u{~icy|g~g|~poyrtxrxrux}ywzw~v}~icps|y{yj A=j~qmkqwxwz~n}lwzv}~v|gy{t{z~{xu~qwxx}ywzw~nmsmz~a}zxwxwew~g|~u}yt}l}pw~{h{zv| g|yt|q{~ n}l}y}z~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}shwx}yf~ u}dy}t}zx}ywzw~ i|z|x~ ox}y}u~ v|gy{` t{z~ oys}pwzv}~ q|y~ }x}z~ u{l{x|yv|z~ p|hs{x|yj~ Pg}z~ Nobog_rz~ YZ}gi}zwz~ :}\}ewXzv} h{kv{e{~ N}g|xf~ T}up{t~ Loyu{_z{z~ cxmtpmk~ |p|y{~ Y[z}Xzwz~ u}dy}t}zw~ N}g|xf :oxodog_rz~Y2q}zvwywxtwl~Soby}ux}yXwzv}~q}y}sswew~U}g{vogf~Fj~Kpsyogopu{_z{z~Y3| <|x{e|~ Wr~ 3|y{xv{Xp{zv|~ N}g|x~ Zoyh}i{zf~ nmsmz~ nr~ u}dy}t}zx}ywz~ q}l}tx}ywzwz }zx}swxvwew~ u{s}bx}yv}u{~ ox}qx}yf~ b|u~ hou~ {zp}zwz~ byox|s}yq}zwz~ p}\x}ywzv}~ v|gy{ta{ tma}v|x|q|~u}swxt}pwzv}~|su{x{~oxtrlsryj~]r~yot}zx}ywz~d|bp{zv|~}zx}swx}z~s}y{dp|x u|p{s~v|gy{t~qwxx}ywvwyj~Nyox|s}yq}zwz~{us{v}yw~|x|~i|h{y{l{~g|~d|t|z~pozy}u{~qwxx}yv} q|z{~ n{y~ vmzq}~ uryt}f~ q|z{~ n{y~ q}l}t~ q}y}st}~ h}n}x}yw~ {h{zv|~ l|u{xx|z|z~ q|z{~ n{y sobxrtf~ q}bswux}yw~ {lx|yx|f~ q}y}sswux}yw~ |p|yx|y~ g|~ n{kk}s~ q}l}tx}ywqx}~ u|zv{x|y{zv|z

Güz ‘11

27

Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{ |v|n{q}sf~v}d}~cza|u{ i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}ss}z t{y}p~}xwb~i|x{ls{yv{e{ nr~ck|xx{e{~z|v|z{qx|f n{y|q`sobxrt~ {x{lu{x|y{z{~n{y~n}lu} popqo`|uozot{u~ \oyt}pqoz~{h{zv|~ {yv|x|t{ls{yj~R}z{ sobxrtar`i|yh|uh{x{uf n{y|q`sobxrt~ {x{lu{x|y{z{~u}b{s}x{kt uolrxx}ywzv}u{ {x{lu{x|y~ox}y}u~|x| }xt}twlf~u}b{s}x{kt{ qwuwb~v}d}~{x|y{~n{y sobxrtr~uryt}q} qcz|x|z~n{y~pmy|hs| nr~{x{lu{x|y{~|x|~}xwb {yv|x|t{l~g|~q}zpws` twlswyj~


pozy}u{~ url}ux}y~ {h{z~ n{y|y~ cyz|u~ ox}y}u~ h{k{xt{l~ v|gy{t~ u}dy}t}zx}ywvwyf~ v|gy{t url}ewzwz~byosos{b{v{y~q}k}yx}ywz~q}y}sswew~nr~u}y}us|yx|yj R}y}swx}z~nr~u}dy}t}zx}ywz~d{u}q|x|y{~n}p{s~g|~p}v|~i{n{~icymzp|~v|~}pxwzv}~d|y~n{y{f q|z{~{zp}zwz~n{y|y~cyz|e{v{yx|yj~Pz}zhx}yw~g|~{v|}xx|y{~reyrz}~|z~koyf~|z~}ewy~icy|gx|y{~imz` L|z|x~ox}y}u xmuf~pwy}v}z~n{y~{l{~q}b}y~i{n{~otrkx}t}x}ywqx}f~q}bswux}yw~d|y~{l{~nmqmu~n{y~a{vv{q|sx|~g| v|gy{t~pmy|a{z{z qmy|ux|y{z{~ oys}q}~ uoq}y}u~ q}bt}x}ywqx}f~ h|gy|x|y{zv|~ nrxrz}z~ v{e|y~ {zp}zx}yx}~ {x{lu{` u|zv{p{~g|~d|t|z x|y{zv|~d|b~}hwuf~vmympsf~p}t{t{~oxrlx}ywqx}~g|~d|b~u|zv{x|y{zv|z~g|y{lx|y{qx|f~\|v}u}yxwu` pozy}pwzwz~icps|y{t{ x}ywqx}~ourqrarzrz~d|t|z~d}qy}zxwewzw~u}k}zwyx}yj g}yvwyj~]r~pmy|hs| Y3|~<|x{e|~Wr~3|y{xv{X~oxprzf~YZ}gi}zwz~:}\}ewX~oxprz~U{t{sy~U{tog_rz~YSmsmzXmf byox|s|yf~b}ys{k}z T{su}~ Ly{nh}g}_zwz~ YW|z{~ V}xu~ [vwz}~ @xmt|~ T}durt~ Ov{qoyrtXrf~ [z~ Uru_rz yot}z~ox}y}u~d|t Y:}\}us}~Z}k}zvwu~7}\|y{X~oxprzf~v}d}~p}q}t}vwewtwk~b|u~hou~cyz|e{~ox}z~nr~|p|yx|y{z byox|s}yq}zwz~ d|bp{~ v|~ b}ys{k}z~ yot}zx}ywvwyj~ ]r~ }zx}twqx}~ v}~ byox|s|y~ yot}zvwyx}yj~ L|z|x~ ox}y}u vryrtrzr~d|t v|gy{t~pmy|a{z{z~u|zv{p{~g|~d|t|z~pozy}pwzwz~icps|y{t{~g}yvwyj~]r~pmy|hs|~byox|s|yf~b}y` v|~sobxrtv}u{~v{e|y s{k}z~yot}z~ox}y}u~d|t~byox|s}yq}zwz~vryrtrzr~d|t~v|~sobxrtv}u{~v{e|y~pwzw\~g|~u}s` pwzw\~g|~u}st}zx}ywz t}zx}ywz~ vryrtrzrf~ ox}qx}y~ u}ylwpwzv}u{~ srsrt~ g|~ v}gy}zwlx}ywzw~ p|yi{x|yx|yj~ ]ry}v} vryrtrzrf~ox}qx}y icymx|zf~ u{s}bx}ywz~ pozrz}~ voeyrf~ q}z{~ v|gy{t{z~ k}\|y{~ q}ux}lwyu|zf~ v|gy{t{z~ u}v|y{z{ u}ylwpwzv}u{~srsrt~g| n|x{yx|q|a|u~i|x{lt|x|y{~}us}ywyu|z~q}k}yf~q}~n{y~}zx}swaw~ox}y}u~q}~v}~u}dy}t}zwz~}ekwz` v}gy}zwlx}ywzw v}z~swbuw~u{sx|~u}ylwpwzv}~uozrl}z~n{y~}J{s}scy~i{n{~p|px|z{y~oury}j~R}k}y~nr~srsrtrqx}~nry` p|yi{x|yx|yj~]ry}v} Jrg}~sobxrtrz~qwuwxwlwzw~{x}z~|v|yu|zf~nr~qwuwzswx}yv}z~q|z{~n{y~vmzq}zwz~voerlrzr~v} icymx|zf~u{s}bx}ywz {x}z~|v|yj pozrz}~voeyrf~q}z{ ]r~u{s}bx}yv}z~n{y{~ox}z~Y3|~<|x{e|~Wr~3|y{xv{X~n{kk}s~v|gy{t{z~oys}~q|y{zv|~q}l}q}z v|gy{t{z~k}\|y{~ i|yh|u~{zp}zx}ywz~i|z|xx|ls{y{xt{l~n{y~h{k{t{z{~q}b}yj~]r~|p|y{zv|~q}k}yf~N}g|x~Zoyh}i{z q}ux}lwyu|zf u}y}us|y{z{~ q}y}swyu|zf~ d{u}q|q{~ }pwx~ ox}y}u~ N}g|x_{z~ h|gy|p{zv|~ ury}yj~ ]rzrzx}~ n{yx{us| v|gy{t{z~u}v|y{z{ q}l}tx}ywqx}~ oxprzf~ box{s{u~ n{y{u{t~ g|~ v|z|q{tx|y{qx|~ oxprz~ N}g|x_v|z~ v}d}~ {x|y{~ ox}z n|x{yx|q|a|u {u{za{x~ u}y}us|yx|y~ v|~ icps|y{x{yj~ ]cqx|x{ux|~ v|gy{t|~ }us{\~ ox}y}u~ u}swxtwl~ nr~ v|gy{t i|x{lt|x|y{ p}g}lhwx}ywzw~ nmsmz~ i|yh|ux{ux|y{qx|~ g|~ uox|us{\~ d}y|u|s{~ {h{zv|~ h{k|yj~ V|y~ n{y{z{z~ {zp}z }us}ywyu|z~q}k}yf~q} ox}y}u~ n{yn{yx|y{zv|z~ \}yuxw~ ck|xx{ux|y{~ oxvrer~ i{n{f~ d|bp{z{~ n{yn{y{z|~ pwtpwuw~ n}ex}q}z n{y~}zx}swaw~ox}y}u~q} uox|us{\~ {y}v|x|y{f~ tma}v|x|v|~ }s|lx|~ pwz}ztwl~ oys}u~ ck|xx{ux|y{~ v|~ g}yvwyj~ ]r~ v|gy{t v}~u}dy}t}zwz p}g}lhwx}yw~n{x{zhx{f~ckg|y{x{f~q}y}swawf~poyrzx}y~u}ylwpwzv}~{z{p{q}s{\~}x}y}u~hckmt~my|s|zf }ekwzv}z~swbuw~u{sx| p{q}p}x~g|~sobxrtp}x~ox}qx}y~u}ylwpwzv}~d|y~n{y{z{z~u|zv{~qczmzm~n|x{yx|q|n{xt|p{~i{n{f u}ylwpwzv}~uozrl}z nrimzmz~q|z{~{zp}zwzv}~v}~oxt}pw~i|y|u|z~ck|xx{ux|y|~p}d{bs{yx|yj~[t}~nmsmz~nrzx}ywz n{y~}J{s}scy~i{n{ q}zwzv}~pwy}v}z~n}p{s~d}s}x}y~v}~q}b}z~{lh{x|yf~|t|uh{x|yv{y~d|bp{~v|j p|px|z{y~oury}j~ Kpsyogpu{_z{z~ nr~ |b{u~ |p{y{zv|u{~ nmsmz~ oxrtxr~ u}y}us|yx|yf~ u|zv{~ n{y|qp|x~ u{l{x{u` x|y{z{z~u|zv{x|y{z|~ckim~q}zx}ywqx}~n{yn{yx|y{zv|z~hou~\}yuxw~oxt}x}ywz}~y}et|zf~d|bp{~v| }pwx~d|v|\|~qmymq|zf~\}yuxw~\}yuxw~q|yx|yv|~\}yuxw~\}yuxw~{lx|y~q}bp}x}y~v}~}qzw~oys}u~d|v|\{ icy|z~u}dy}t}zx}y~url}ewzwz~n{y|y~\|yv{~ox}y}u~g}yvwyj~R}z{~ozx}yw~u}dy}t}zx}lswy}z~ck|x` x{ux|y{~ g|~ v}gy}zwl~ n{h{tx|y{f~ u{l{q|~ ckimf~ n{y|qp|x~ oxt}us}z~ v}d}~ hou~ v|gy{t~ h}ewzwz q}y}sswew~ v|gy{t~ url}ewzwzf~ q|z{~ {zp}zwz~ oys}ux}l}~ ck|xx{ux|y{~ g|~ v}gy}zwl~ n{h{tx|y{zv| g|y{x{v{yj~]r~z|v|zx|~u}dy}t}zxwuf~u{l{x|yv|z~hou~uox|us{\~n{y~u}dy}t}zxwuswyj~R}k}yf~nr u}dy}t}zpw~ ck|xx{ux|y{f~ nr~ v|gy{t~ url}ewzwz~ q|z{~ {zp}zx}ywz}~ ckim~ ck|xx{ux|y~ ox}y}uf ozx}ywz~u{l{x{ux|y{z{z~n{y~b}yh}pw~ox}y}u~h{k|yj~]cqx|x{ux|~q}k}yf~u}dy}t}zpw~ox}zwf~ox}q` x}ywz~{h{zv|~a|y|q}z~|ss{e{~z|pz|x~uolrxx}yx}f~s}y{dp|x`sobxrtp}x~pmy|hx|~n{yx{us|~icps|yt| ox}z}ew~ nrxryj~ ]rf~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ |v|n{q}swz~ n{y~ ck|xx{e{z{~ v}d}~ icy|n{xt|t{k| ox}z}u~g|y{yj~]r~ck|xx{uf~q}k}ywz~u|zv{p{z{z~Y|ps|s{u~vmlmza|p{zv|u{~|su{zx{e{X~v|~oury} icps|yt|p{v{yj~Iot}zv}f~ouryrz~}hwuh}~icy|n{xv{e{~i{n{f~}pwx~u}y}us|y~N}g|x~Zoyh}i{z_v| oxprzf~U|z{ka{~<ruy}q_v}~oxprz~q}~v}~pwy}v}z~n{y~{lh{~ox}z~[ys|t~Zoyh}i{z_v|~oxprzf~z|p` z|x~i|x{lt|x|yx|~n}ex}zswxw~ox}y}u~i|y|ux{~oxvrer~q|yv|~g|~k}t}zv}~}hwe}~hwu}z~u}dy}` t}zxwu~g}yvwyj~[t}~nr~d{hn{y~k}t}z~ucymucymz|f~}uwxpwka}f~t}zswe}~}quwyw~n{y~a|p}y|ss|zf }swxi}zxwus}z~v|e{xv{y9~oy}v}~g|~o~}zv}~q}bwxt}pw~i|y|u|z~|z~voeyrf~|z~n}p{s~n{y~{l~i{n{ icymxmyj~ Pls|~ nrf~ u|zv{~ pwzw\wz}f~ v|gy{t~ v}g}pwz}f~ byox|s}yq}zwz~ urysrxrlr~ v}g}pwz} n}exwxwus}z~n|px|z|z~n{y~u}dy}t}zxwuswyj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~q}y}swt~qczs|t{~{zp}z~voe}pwzv}~z|~u}v}y~{q{f~poqxr~q}z~g}yp} ozx}yw~ oxrtx}qwb~ cz|~ hwu}ywyj~ ]rzrzx}~ n{yx{us|f~ ck|x~ tmxu{q|s~ s|t|xx{zv|u{~ u}b{s}x{ps

28

Güz ‘11


sobxrtrz~ {zp}z}~ u}sswewf~ {zp}zw~ {zp}zxwewzv}z~ hwu}y}z n}q}ewf~ n|za{xf~ d}qg}z{~ imvmx|y{z{~ g|~ }xwlu}zxwux}ywzw oxrtprkx}qwb~ t}durt~ |v|z~ n{y~ srsrt~ }xwyj~ ]r~ q}z srs}yxwxwuf~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}swz~u|zv{~pwzw\p}x~{v|` oxoJ{u~uozrtrqx}~rqrtxr~oxvrer~i{n{f~s}y{d{z~q}bwawpw ox}z~ |t|uh{~ pwzw\s}z~ t{xqozx}ywz~ v|ps}zpw~ u}dy}t}z` xwewzw~v}~}hwuh}~icymzmy~uwx}yj~Sobxrtv}~k}s|z~g}yox}z nr~i|yh|u~{zp}zx}ywzf~sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~q}y}swt~qcz` s|t{qx|~q|z{v|z~h{k{t{z{~q}b}z~q}k}yf~q}y}sswew~nr~s{b` x|y{z~u|zv{~{h~d|p}bx}lt}x}ywzw~v}~icps|y{yj~]cqx|x{ux|f d|y~{zp}zv}~q}l}z}z~g|~pmy|ux{~ox}zf~u|zv{~{h{zv|u{~{q{ ox}zx}~ucsm~ox}zwz~tma}v|x|p{~v|~g|y{x{yj Kpsyogopu{_z{z~ |p|yx|y{zv|~ oxprzf~ v{e|y~ sobxrtar i|yh|uh{~q}k}yx}yv}~oxprzf~{zp}z~q}l}twzwzf~sobxrtp}x q}l}twz~}y}lswywxwb~{yv|x|zt|p{~d|t~i|z{lx|t|p{z|~d|t v|~v|y{zx|t|p{z|~pmyvmymx|y|uf~nryJrg}~sobxrtr~qwuwb q|z{~ n{y~ vmzq}~ uryt}q}~ i{y{l|z~ nr~ u}dy}t}zx}ywz t}z|g{~vmzq}x}ywz}~v}~urgg|sx{~n{y~wlwu~srsrxryj~R}k}yf u|zv{~q}y}sswew~nr~s{bx|y{zf~u{l{x|y{z~{h~vmzq}x}ywzw~t|y` a|u~ }xswz}~ }xwb~ {za|x|yu|zf~ }pxwzv}f~ {zp}zwz~ {zp}zw pctmyt|p{z{zf~|kt|p{z{zf~n}puw~}xswz}~}xt}pwzwz~poz} |y|a|e{~ nr~ q|z{~ g|~ v}d}~ {x|y{~ sobxrtrz~ uryrxrlr pmy|a{zv|u{~ |su{z~ u}dy}t}zx}ywzwz~ icuqmkmz|~ qmu` p|xt|p{z{~|zi|xx|y9~ozx}yw~q|y|~n}pswywy~g|~d|y~{zp}z~i{n{ ozx}ywzv}~ }ex}q}zf~ imx|zf~ }aw~ h|u|zf~ p|g{z|zf~ aolur vrq}zf~ dmkmzx|z|zf~ p|g|zf~ p|g{x|z~ {zp}zx}y~ oxvrerzr icps|y{yj~]r~u}dy}t}zx}y~v}f~q}l}tv}~oxvrer~i{n{~}lwu oxryf~ vrqirx}zwyf~ uwk}yf~ dmkmzx|z{yf~ }ex}yx}y~ gnj~ [t} nmsmz~ nrzx}ywz~ q}zwzv}~ sobxrtp}x~ icy|gx|y{z{~ q|y{z| i|s{y{yf~ cyimsx|y{z|~ g|~ v|gy{t|~ u}ylw~ icy|gx|y{z{~ }px} {dt}x~ |st|kx|yj~ ]r~ u}dy}t}zx}yw~ q|z{~ {zp}z~ q}b}zf pwy}v}z~{zp}zx}yv}z~}qwy}z~q}z~nrvryj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}swz~u}dy}t}zx}ywf~q|z{ {zp}zwz~ u|zv{p{v{yj~ R|z{~ {zp}zf~ d|y~ sobxrtp}x~ ~ s}y{dp|x vcz|t{z~ i|y|ux|y{z{~ u}ylwx}q}a}u~ n{h{tv|~ voz}ztwlf u{sx|~d}y|u|s{z|~czv|yx{u~|v|y|u~ozx}yw~{x|y{q|~i{st|q| s|lg{u~|v|z~g|~ozx}ywz~{h{zv|z~n{y{~ox}y}u~u{sx|x|y|~qcz g|y|z~ {zp}zvwyj~ N}g|x~ Zoyh}i{z~ v|~ nr~ {zp}zx}yv}z n{y{v{yj~ Z}ylwpwz}~ hwu}z~ u{l{p|x~ q}~ v}~ sobxrtp}x~ d{hn{y |zi|x~ u}ylwpwzv}~ noqrz~ |et|kf~ koyxrux}yv}z~ qwxt}kf d|t~ u|zv{p{~ d}y|u|s|~ i|h|y~ d|t~ v|~ h|gy|p{zv|u{x|y{ d}y|u|s|~ h|u|y|u~ poyrzx}ywz~ hckmtmf~ |zi|xx|y{z~ }lwx` t}pwzv}~ ozx}y}~ czv|yx{u~ |v|yj~ ]rzx}yw~ q}b}yu|z q}l}twzwz~czmz|~hwu}yvwew~nmsmz~oxrtprkxrux}y}f~s}x{d` p{kx{ux|y|~y}et|zf~icyt|~q|s{p{z{~q{s{y{b~ucy~u}xt}pwz}f v}d}~ {xu~ i|zhx{e{zv|~ J}zv}yt}zwz~ n|x{z|~ gryvrer~ n{y v}yn|~ z|v|z{qx|~ oys}~ q}lx}y}~ v}d{~ i|xt|v|z~ \|xh oxt}pwz}f~v}d}~b|u~hou~u{l{p|x~s}x{dp{kx{ux|y{z|~y}et|z Zoyh}i{z_{z~ u|zv{~ u|zv{p{qx|~ d|p}bx}lwyu|z~ poyvrer poyr~cz|tx{v{yj~]r~poyrzrz~cz|t{f~yot}zwz~u}dy}t}zw N}g|x~ {h{z~ oxvrer~ u}v}y~ nrimzmz~ v|gy{ta{~ url}ewzw oxrlsry}z~ q|z{~ {zp}zx}y~ {h{z~ v|~ poyrxt}pw~ i|y|u|z~ n{y poyr~oxvrer~{h{zv{yj~Woyrf~{h{zv|~d{h~v|~oz}qx}zt}q}` a}u~a{zp{q|sh{~n{y~pckamu~{h|yp|~v|~}qz|z~}us}y}a}ewkj

Güz ‘11

YV}q}s~v|z|z~nr~oyopbrqr~q|zt|u~{h{z~z|~q}bswzE~F| q}bswz~uwyt}u~{h{z~nr~v|t{yv|z~h|tn|y{EX Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}shw~ q|z{~ {zp}zw~ g|~ q|z{ q}l}twz~u|zv{p{z{~ncqx|p{z|~}qywzswxw~n{y~hckmtx|t|q| s}n{~ srs}yu|zf~ ozrz~ |ps|s{u~ n{y~ qoyrt~ u}sswew~ q}l}tw ncqx|~ imhxm~ n{h{tv|~ }xiwx}qwb~ }zx}st}pwz}~ ox}z}u g|y|zf~ p}z}shwzwz~ ckimy~ vmlmzt|p{~ g|~ ckimy q}y}swtwvwyj~ Sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ qczs|tf~ p}z}shwzwz czmz|~ n|x{yx{~ ury}xx}yf~ u}xwbx}y~ uoqrbf~ ozr~ pwzwyx}t}kj ]{x{y~ u{f~ q}l}tw~ l}nxozx}yx}f~ u}xwbx}yx}~ }hwux}t}q} u}xuwlt}uf~ncqx|p{z|~hou~qczxmf~y|zi}y|zu~n{y~q}l}tw byouyrps|p~ q}s}ewt~ >M? q}swyt}q}~ n|zk|yj~ ]r~ z|v|zx| q}l}tw~ }zx}t}u~ g|~ }xiwx}vwew~ i|yh|ux{e{~ u|zv{~ |ps|s{u qoyrtrqx}~ q|z{v|z~ q}y}st}u~ vryrtrzv}~ ox}z~ q}k}yf s}y{dp|x`sobxrtp}x~i|x{lt|q{f~vmzq}zwz~vczmlsmymxt|p{ |qx|t{z{z~ u|zv{p{z{~ v|y{zx|t|p{z|~ }zx}q}n{xt|u~ {h{z nr~|qx|t{z~|z~{x|y{~i{ss{e{f~|z~hou~oxirzx}lswew~q|yx|y{f q}z{~n{kk}s~v|gy{t~pmy|a{z{z~u|zv{p{z{~n{y~n{x{t~}v}tw s{s{kx{e{qx|~}z}x{k~|v{b~u}gy}t}xw9~nrzrzx}~q|s{zt|q{bf u|zv{p{z{~ d|yd}zi{~ n{y~ n{h{tx|~ g|q}~ u}xwbx}~ pwzwyx}` t}v}z~ckimya|~qoyrtx}t}xwvwyj N|u~hou~h|x{lt|f~h}swlt}~g|~p}qwpwk~koyxrux}~voxr nr~u}yt}lwu~pmy|hf~A=j~qmkqwxwz~n}lwzv}z~n|y{~sobxrt` ar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}swz~ }pwx~ uozrprf~ s|t}pw~ d}x{z|~ i|xt{l nrxrzt}us}vwyj~Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}sf~nr~vczmlmt pmy|a{z{z~ nmsmz~ potrs~ icymzmt~ n{h{tx|y{z{~ g|~ nr n{h{tx|y{z~ {h{zv|~ n}ywzvwyvwew~ potrs~ oxirx}yw~ |x|~ }xwb icps|yt|x{v{yj Sobxrtv}~oxprz~n{y|qv|~oxprzf~q}l}z}z~ncqx|p{z| ucuxm~ n{y~ v|e{l{t~ t}vv{`|uozot{u~ s|t|xx|y{qx|~ |x| }xwzwb~ {yv|x|zt|v|z~ }zx}swxwb~ icps|y{x|t|kj~ Sobxrt bp{uoxoJ{p{z{z~oxvrer~u}v}y~{zp}z~v}gy}zwlx}yw~g|~{zp}z bp{uoxoJ{p{z{z~ }xswzv}~ q}s}z~ imvmx|y{f~ {zp}zwz~ {h vmzq}pwzv}~uob}z~\wyswz}x}ywf~vrqirx}ywzv}u{~i|xi{sx|y{ u}gy}qwbf~nrzx}yw~t}vv{`|uozot{u~z|v|zx|y{z|~g}y}z} v|u~ hckmtx|t|uf~ vwls}z~ n{y~ ickx|tx|~ q}bwx}t}kj~ ]r z|v|zx|f~ sobxrtar~ i|yh|uh{~ p}z}shwf~ v}d}~ cza|~ v| n|x{yss{e{t{k~ i{n{f~ v|gy{t~ p}\x}ywzv}f~ byox|s}yq}zwz p}\x}ywzv}~ q|y~ }x}y}uf~ byox|s}yq}zwz~ v|gy{ta{~ pwzw\ n}uwlwqx}~nr~pmy|a{~{h|yv|z~ickx|tx|t|x{v{yj Sobxrtar~i|yh|uh{~p}z}s~q}l}twz~v|gy{ta{~qoxv}z vczmlsmymxt|p{~|qx|t{z{z~p}z}s~qoxrqx}~h{k{t{z{~q}b}yj ]rf~d|t~u}b{s}x{kt{z~d|zmk~qwuwx}t}vwew~mxu|x|yv|~g| ncxi|x|yv|~ncqx|v{y~d|t~v|~u}b{s}x{kt{~qwuwb~popq}x{k` t{~ury}z~mxu|x|yv|j (1) Prokrustes yataðý: Efsaneye göre gelen geçen yolcularý bir yataða yatýran prokrustes, uzun olanlarý baþlarýndan ve ayaklarýndan keserek, kýsa olanlarý baðladýðý çarklarla gererek yataðýn boyuna uydururmuþ. Bu yataða, sýnýrlama, standartlaþtýrma nedeniyle böyle deniyor. Bu yazý dizisi boyunca temel baþvuru kaynaðý olarak Boris Suçkov’un Aziz Çalýþlar çevirisiyle 1982’de Adam Yayýnlarýnca yayýnlanan “Gerçekçiliðin Tarihi” isimli eserinden yararlanýlmýþtýr.

29


$<?<+<=B?BC B%7.C&<?B;5B9B>C  B>C6+A= Mehmet Esatoðlu

[

erpsop~ }qwj~ Lmzx|y~ D}z~ Rma|x_{~ q{s{yv{e{t{k imzx|y{z~mk|y{zv|z~i|h{qoyj~]{y~iyrb~d}xu~vml` t}zw~ozrz~t|k}ywzw~b}yh}xwqoyj~]mqmu~d|qu|x` sy}l~T|dt|s~[upoq_rz~t|k}ywz~mpsmz|~q}b` swew~ d|qu|x~ uwywxwqoyf~ |sy}\}~ p}hwxwqoyj~ D}z Rma|x_{z~n{y~ctmy~noqr~Yi|h{yv{e{X~i|y{` a{x|y~imq}~ozv}z~{zs{u}t~}xwqoyj~ U}sh}_v}~ t|k}yxwewz~ s}t u}ylwpwzv}u{~ Zoa}v}e~ n}lwzw~ |e{qoyj 2s}zh~ vrqrqoy~ nr~ {zp}zxwu~ vwlw p}xvwywv}zj~ R|yqmkmzv|~ q}l}twlf~ poxru }xtwl~n}kw~{zp}zx}y~g}yvwyj~@xvmux|y{ imz~ pctmymamx|yf~ d}xu~ vmlt}zx}ywf {lu|za|a{x|yf~ y}d}sx}yx}yj~ YKd~ urysrx` vruX~v|yx|yj~ Otb|yq}x{psx|yf~ p{x}d~ smaa}yx}ywf d}xux}ywz~ {x{e{z{~ u|t{e{z{~ pctmy|zx|y ;|z{z~ q}~ v}~ F}kwt~ V{ut|s~ cxvmem imz~ u{t~ n{x{y~ z}pwx~ n{y~ y}d}sx}t}~ vrq` trlx}yvwyj F|v{y~nr~}v}tx}ywz~y}d}spwk~|v{a{~q}zwE~ ]{zx|ya|f~oz~n{zx|ya|~{zp}zw~u|zv{~hwu}ywzwk~reyrz} h}xwlswy}n{x{yf~d}uuwzw~g|yt|k~d}u~}y}t}q}~u}xuswewzv} {p|~ ozx}yw~ rqrs}n{x{yp{z{kj~ W{k{z~ a|n{z{k~ voxvruh} ozx}ywz~a|bd|p{zv|~p|\}x|s~v{k~noqr~qmup|x{y~i{v|yj~]r vryrt}~ {pq}z~ b}sx}q}a}u~ v{q|~ n|ux|z{yu|z~ oys}v}~ n{y }qt}kxwuswy~pmy|y~i{v|yj~Swbuw~u{t{~uws~}uwxxwx}ywz~nrimz Wot}x{_v|z~u{t{~\osoey}\x}yw~\}a|noou~p}q\}x}ywz}~qmu` x|q{b~}xswz}~Y}xx}d~u{tp|q{~}hxwux}~s|yn{q|~|st|p{zX~v{q| q}kvwux}yw~i{n{~ Pls|~ ncqx|p{~ n{y~ vryrtv}~ ;|z{z~ q}~ v}~ F}kwt V{ut|s~n{yv|z~oys}q}~hwuwb~|k{x|zx|y{z~urx}ewz}~p{k{~}h nwy}u}z~v}~Wot}x{_v|~}hxwus}z~cx|zx|y{z~u}s{x{~v|~[]U |tb|yq}x{kt{v{y~ v{q|n{x{yj~ Pls|~ o~ }zv}~ nmsmz~ q}x}zx}y n{yv|z~ v}yt}vrt}z~ oxryj~ V|x|~ nr~ vmlmza|~ reyrz} p}g}l}a}u~n{y{x|y{~v|~hwu}yp}~icymz~o~k}t}z~|k|zx|y{z g|~q}yv}uhwx}ywzwz~d}x{z{j D}z~Rma|x~v|~q}l}tw~noqrza}~nr~}quwyw~p|px|yv|z n{y{~ oxvrj~ YSrkr~ uryrX~ n{y~ }{x|v|z~ i|xt|p{z|~ u}ylwz |k{x|zx|y{z~}awx}ywzw~{h{zv|~vrqvrj~Z}x|t{qx|f~vryrlrq` x}~q}x}zx}y}~hot}u~pourb~vryvrj ]r~Yhot}u~pout}uX~{l{z{~u}d~q}k}y}u~q}bswf~u}d |qx|tx|y|~i{y{l|y|uj~:{{yx|y{z{~YD}zXa}~q}kvwf~|qx|tx|y{ v|~YD}zX}~ckimqvmj~

30

D}z~ Rma|x~ q}kwb~ h{k{b~ my|s{yu|z~ }xwl}i|xt{lf~ d|y imz~ n|xu{~ qmk~ u|y|~ vrqvrertrk~ n{y~ pckm~ }xwb~ |g{y{b h|g{y{yv{j~]{y~pmy|~pozy}~p{k{~rqrst}u~mk|y|~pcqx|z|z o~ pck~ ozrz~ q}bswew~ tmv}d}x|~ pozrar u}\}zwkv}~ q|z{~ n{y~ k{d{zp|x~ \}}x{q|s| vczmlmyvmj D}z~Rma|x~v{x{z~|i|t|z~pwzw\x}ywz pctmymx|y{z{~pmyvmyt|u~{h{z~urxx}zvwew |z~ |su{x{~ p{x}dx}yv}z~ n{y{~ oxvrerzr icy|z~}qvwzx}yv}zvwj Oi|t|z~ pwzw\x}y~ n{kx|y| vmlmza|x|y{z{~vmzq}~icymlx|y{z{~v}q` }swyu|z~ nrzr~ {za|~ s}us{ux|yx|~ q}bwq` oyx}yj~]{k{t~v}e}yawewtwk}~pout}qw n}l}yvwux}yw~s|u~n{y~pckamu~n{x|~n{k{ n{y}k~v}d}~ucx|x|ls{yt|u~{h{z~ozx}y} ox}z}ux}y~przrqoyj Rma|x~ nr~ v{x{~ y|vv|st|v|z~ rkrz g}v|x{~ n{y~ p}g}lwz~ tmtumz~ ox}t}q}a}ewzw pcqx|yv{j Wckamux|yx|~ oqz}q}z~ n{y~ l}{yv{j~ ]r~ n{y~ q}zwqx} ozrz~ Y|kn|y~ nokt}uX~ {h{z~ q}bswew~ n{y~ i{y{l{tv{j~ U{z uryrtrzv}zf~druru}f~nryJrg}~}dx}uwz}~v|u~d|y~uryr` trz~ v}e}yawewtwk}~ pousrer~ pckamux|yx|~ rey}lwyvwj @yz|e{z~a|k}|g{~pckamemzm~u}nrxx|zt|u~|i|t|zx|y{z |k{x|zx|y|~g|yv{e{~d|y~smyxm~a|k}qw~v}~b|l{z|z~u}nrxx|z` t|us{j~ Ky}v}u{~ YaX~ d}y\{z{~ }s}y}u~ p}g}l}~ i{y{l{yv{~ o pckamux|j~Ky}v}~{l{z~Y|k}X~>}awst}f~a|\}f~|k{q|s?~q}zwzw ickmtmkmz~ czmz|~ i|s{y{yv{j~ K~ nr~ i|yh|e{~ czmtmk| uoqvrus}z~ pozy}~ }yswu~ a|k}|g{~ mk|y{z|~ pcqx|z|z~ smt pckx|y~o~vrg}y}~h}yb}y~vryryvrj Rma|x~n}k|z~nrzr~|qx|t{qx|~v|~q}b}yvwj~Cy}zp}_v} n{y~|v|n{q}s~|su{zx{e{~pwy}pwzv}~u|zs{z~oys}pwz}~v{u{xt{l i|z|y}x~d|qu|x{z{z~}xswz}~{l|t|q|~u}xut}pwf~o~i|z|y}x` x|y{z~|xx|y{zv|~u}h~n{z~i|za{z~u}zwzwz~oxvrerzr~}zx}swlw o~ u|zss|~ q}l}q}z~ {lh{x|y{z~ u}\}pwzw~ u}ywlswytwlswj Trxdop|_xr~ n{y~ {lh{~ lcqx|~ uozrlsrB~ YV|y~ imz~ n{y~ u}s{x d|qu|x{z{z~ czmzv|z~ i|h{b~ i{ss{e{t{z~ \}uwzv}~ n{x| v|e{xv{tj~ [yswu~ \}ny{u}q}~ i{v|yu|z~ qoxrtr v|e{ls{yt|t~ x}kwtj~ ]r~ d|qu|x{z~ v|~ {bx{e{z{~ b}k}y} hwu}yt}u~noqzrtrkrz~noyar~oxprzjX Rma|x_{z~ v{x|~ n{y~ n}lu}~ q}ux}lwtw~ v}~ um\myx|y }y}awxwewqx}vwyj~ YZm\my~ nryJrg}k{z{z~ }ekwzv}~ n{y~ x}ewt hruryrf~ d}xux}ywz~ }ekwzv}~ }htwl~ |z~ imty}d~ h{h|us{yX

Güz ‘11


v|yv{j~]ry}v}~v}~ozrz~n{y~|kn|y~nokt}~s}gywzw~icyt|u tmtumzj~ V|yu|p{z~ s|x|g{kqoz~ u}z}xx}ywzw~ d}qy}zxwux} {kx|v{e{~ imzx|yv|~ o~ nry}x}ywz~ n{y|y~ u}z}x{k}pqoz oxvrerzr~d}quwywqoyvrj~T}x~g}yxwewzw~poy}zx}y}~Y{b{tx| url}ewtX~ s|u|yx|t|p{~ {x|~ g|yv{e{~ q}zws~ ozrz~ b}y}q} brx}~ tmxu|~ uwqt|s~ g|yt|q{l{z{z~ n{y~ b}yh}pwqvwj T}du|t|v|~ u|zv{p{z{~ tmps|da|z~ q}kt}ux}~ prhx}q}z druru~ {zp}zx}ywz}~ Yics|~ YicsX~ v|zt|p{~ i|y|us{e{z{ pcqx|q|y|u~ p}grzt}~ q}bwlw~ v}~ q{z|~ nr~ vryrlrzrz~ n{y q}zpwt}pwj :}{y~ D|t}x~ Wmy|q}~ Y[yio~ g|~ um\my~ n{y~ }ywzt} {lx|t{v{y~ D}z~ Rma|x_v|j~ Zcsmxme|f~ ucsm~ vmk|z|~ u}ylw }lwx}zt}u~{h{z~ursp}xw~v|x{u~v|l{u~|v|yX~v|yu|z~ozrz~nr srsrtrzrz~t}vv{~s|t|x{z{~oys}q}~uoq}yj Zm\mym~ q}bwsx}ywzv}~ urxx}zwyu|z~ u{t{~ k}t}z cxhmqm~u}hwyvwew~v}~oxryvrj~]|ysoxs~]y|ads_{z~YZ}\u}p S|n|l{y~U}{y|p{X~oqrzrzr~v{x{t{k|~u}k}zvwywyu|z~oqrz` v}~ u|zv{p{z|~ hou~ n|zk|q|z~ q}yiwh~ [kv}u~ \{imym~ {x| u}ylw~ u}ylwq}~ i|xv{j~ [kv}u~ n{y~ pou}u~ p|yp|y{p{qv{j Z}yi}l}~vcz|t{zv|~u|zs{z~q}yiwaw~{v}t~|v{x{za|~y}ps` x}zswp}x~n{y~n{h{tv|~q}yiwh~uoxsrerz}~osrysrxryj~[kv}u vryrlt}x}yv}~u}zrz~u{s}nwzw~n{y~q}pswu~i{n{~urxx}z}y}u mpsmz|~ osryryj~ Z}zrzx}yw~ h{ez|v{uh|~ g|yv{e{~ u}y}yx}y d}xuwz~ q}y}ywz}~ oxryj~ Rma|x~ oqrzv}~ [kv}u_w~ pmy|ux{ um\y|ss{y{yj~ Kqrz~ T|dt|s~ 2xrpoq~ s}y}\wzv}z~ Uopsx}y S{q}syopr_zv}~ p}dz|x|v{e{zv|~ n{y~ |x|ls{yt|z~ [kv}u_wz hou~ um\y|ss{e{z{~ n|x{ys|z~ n{y~ q}kw~ u}x|t|~ }xvwj~ D}z Rma|x~c\u|x|zv{~nr~|x|ls{y{q|j~Ox|ls{yt|z|~YZm\my~d}xu` x}ywz~}ekwzv}~}h}z~|z~imty}d~h{h|us{yX~v{q|~q}zws~g|yv{j Ox|ls{yt|z~ v}q}z}t}vwj~ ]r~ u}v}y~ imny|x|t|v|z~ v| ]y|ads~ oqrzr~ h{h|u~ }h}n{x{y~ v{q|~ q}zws~ g|y{za|~ D}z n}n}~u|zv{~u|zv{z|~i}x{n}~um\mym~n{y}k~\}kx}~u}hwyvwu v{q|~twywxv}zvwj :}{y~ W|zzry~ W|k|y~ {p|~ n{y~ q}kwpwzv}~ l}{y~ T|s{z Oxoexr~g|~D}z~Rma|x_{z~um\mym~urxx}zwlx}ywz}~v}{y~lrz` x}yw~pcqxmqoyB~YW|zv|z~cza|~g}y~ox}z~g|~p|zv|z~pozy} v}~ sr\}zx}~ urysrx}t}vwewtwk~ u}y}zxwu~ q}x}zx}yv}z nrz}xvwuh}~ urx}ux}ywzw~ hwzx}swqoyrtj~ W|z{z~ n{yf~ T|s{z Oxoexr_zrz~ {u{j~ Pu{z{k~ v|~ |\|zv{~ }v}tx}yvwzwk~ v}f~ nr vmk|z~p{k{z~}ekwzwkwz~}q}ywzw~nokrqoyvrjX <|g{yt|z~ D}z~ Rma|x~ smt~ h|g{y{x|y{z{z~ czmz| YSmyuh|~ pcqx|q|zX~ v{q|~ q}kvwj~ K~ n{y~ t|sz{~ h|g{yt|u mk|y|~ uoxx}yw~ pwg}vwewzv}~ u|x{t|x|y{~ }us}yt}u~ q|y{z| t|sz{~ n{k{t~ v{x{t{kv|~ q|z{v|z~ }zx}st}q}~ i{y{l{yv{j

Güz ‘11

Rcz|st|z~[x{~S}qirz~ozrz~h|g{y{x|y{z|~d|t~d}qy}zxwu vrq}y~d|t~v|~uwk}yvwj~S}qirz~ozrz~h|g{y{~q|y{z|~q}bwsw q|z{~n{y~v{xv|~q|z{v|z~my|ss{e{z{~pcqx|yv{j~ Rma|x~ Yh|g{y{X~ q}bwxt}q}~ u}xuwxvwewzv}~ q}bwswz q|z{~ v{xv|~ n}lu}~ n{y~ n{h{t|~ i{yv{e{z{~ ckimz~ v{xv|u{ vryrtrqx}~ n{y~ {xi{p{~ u}xt}vwewzw~ pcqx|yv{j~ @yz|e{z n{k{t~v{x{t{kv|~n{k{~poz~v|y|a|~vrqirx}zvwy}zf~aolsr` y}z~v{k|x|y{z~h|gy{xv{e{zv|~n{y~n}lu}~v{xv|~smt~}stop` \|y{z{~q{s{yv{e{z{~}zx}swyvwj~]r~qmkv|z~h|g{yt|u~q|y{z| Smyuh|~pcqx|t|q{~q|ex|yv{j~]{y~q}zv}z~nr~}x}zv}~v|z` |t|x|y~q}b}y~cs|~q}zv}z~v}~Yh|g{y{v|~ncqx|~n{y~v|z|t` |q|~u}xuwlswuf~amy|s{t{k~}\ox}$X~v{q|~q}k}yvwj~ Pls|~ ncqx|p{~ umxsmy`p}z}s~ }x}zwtwkv}~ |t|ux|y~ d}y` a}twl~n{y~l}{y{z~t|k}yw~b}yh}x}zvwj~Kzrz~t|k}y~s}lwzw n{y~ p}z}s~ |p|y{z|~ vczmlsmy|z~ poz~ qwxx}ywz~ q}bwsx}yw~ |z hou~ p}xvwywq}~ rey}twl~ d|qu|xswy}lw~ T|dt|s~ [upoq p}xvwywqw~uwz}t}~sobx}zswpwzv}~lrzx}yw~}zx}swqoyvrB YKf~ D}z~ Rma|x_{z~ a}z~ s}lwqvwj~ [yu}pwzv}z~ imz|l gryvrerzv}~wlwus}z~n{y~a|z{z~n|x{y{yv{~a}z~|g{z{z~h|t` n|y{z{z~oys}pwzv}j~D}z~n}n}zwz~{h{zv|u{~wlwus}z~hoarerf q}y}swaw~ a|gd|y{z{~ icymzmy~ d}x|~ i|s{y{yv{~ imz|lj~ <|t` n|yv|z~ cz|~ voeyr~ qwx}zu}g{~ d}y|u|sx|yx|~ }uwb~ q|y| vml|zf~ oy}v}z~ s|uy}y~ voevrer~ q|y|~ u}qz}ewz}~ voeyr i|y{~ }u}z~ lr~ pozprk~ q}l}twz~ vczimpmz|~ iczv|yt| q}bwqoyvrjX Rma|x_{z~t|k}ywz}~p}xvwy}zx}y~n{y~q}zv}~}qt}kxwu` x}ywqx}~vryryu|z~cs|~q}zv}~n{y~n}lu}~}qt}kx}y~v}~ozr }zvwewtwk~d|y~qwx~Yg}p{q|s{~g}yX~v{q|y|u~t|k}ywz}~l}y}b vcumqoyx}yj~~ @za|x{ux|~D}z~Rma|x_{z~ncqx|~n{y~g}p{q|s{~qousryj ]rzr~ }{x|p{~ }hwuh}~ {\}v|~ |ss{e{~ i{n{~ vopsx}yw~ v}~ ozrz ncqx|~ v}gy}zwlx}y}~ u}ylw~ hwuswewzw~ n{x{yv{j~ V|x|~ d|x| mxu|v|~v{l|~v{l~n{y~ckimyxmu~tma}v|x|p{~pmy|yu|z~nrzr tmt{z`}qq}l~ h}swlt}pwz}~ h|g{yt|q|~ |z~ n}ls}~ D}z Rma|x~u}ylw~hwu}yvwj~ R}l}yu|z~ncqx|p{~s}gwyx}yw~icyvmemzv|~Y;ms\|z~n{k{ i|z{l~qwewzx}yv}z~}qyw~vmlmy|a|u~|qx|tx|y|~i{y{lt|q{zX v|yv{j~4=_x{~qwxx}yv}~M~T}qwp~Plh{~n}qy}twzwz~ursx}zvwew n{y~ u}b}xw~ p}xoz~ sobx}zswpwzv}~ Y{us{v}y}~ i|x{yp|u~ a}t{ dob}yxcyx|y{z{~pcu|a|e{kX~v{q|z~R}xhwz~Zmhmu_|~v|~nr b|ypb|us{\x|~u}ylw~hwutwlswj~K~i|a|~a}zw~pwuwx}z~{lh{x|y{z YZrpry}~ n}ut}qwz~ R}xhwz~ Zmhmu_smy~ }t}~ t{v| nrx}zvwywyX~pckx|y{qx|~iczxmzm~}xt}q}~h}xwltwlswj D}z~Rma|x_{z~smt~q}l}tw~noqrza}~u}ylw~vryvrer g|~ q}zwzv}~ oxvrux}yw~ g}yvwj~ Plh{~ pwzw\wzv}z~ q}z}qvwj Otb|yq}x{kt|~rkx}lt}pwk~n{y~n{h{tv|~u}ylwqvwj~Kzrz nr~{u{~h{ki{p{~hou~z|ss{j~Kzr~Y}qq}lXf~Yum\myn}kX~v{q| s}zwswb~ ozr~ u|zv{~ xmtb|zx{ux|y{z|~ }x|s~ |st|q|~ u}xu}` a}ux}y}~ q|t~ oxt}q}a}u~ u}v}y~ nmqmu~ g|~ srs}yxw~ n{y vryrlr~g}yvwj~

31


Ruhan Mavruk

Balkon ben nehir bir şiir istiyorum diye yazmıştım seneler önce yaşanmamış aşklar gibi hiç durulmayan senin ateş geçitlerinden kırmızı kumaşların altında gizli derinliklerinden süzülüp gelen şiirin bir hayalet gibi geçip seven ve incinen bedenimi sokağa akıyor benim yılların yağmurunu ve kuraklığını içmiş kurban edilen kuzuların bakışlarındaki incinmişlikten damıttığım şiirim bırakıyor kendini ömrümüzün yüksek balkonundan bir an karşı karşıya geliyorlar karanlıkta ışıldayan kılıçlar gibi sonra başka sesler karışıyor o ezgiye sokak satıcılarının, çocukların mayıs meydanlarına akanların sesi direnerek çemberi yaranların sesi karışıyor şiirin şiirime sonra her şeye günler sonra gözgöze geldiğimizde giderek büyüyen bir sarmaşık olduğunu görüyoruz aşkın Yer altı suları gibi sessizce birbirine akan yüreğimizde

32

Güz ‘11


Y[Z^ijHXecjQ]hWf^i`Ajj-j%+h^ijHfecj


YAKUP KADRÝ ÜSTÜNE Cengiz GÜNDOÐDU Sigi`j=h]fe }urb~Z}vy{f~q}kwz~p|ymg|z{z|~n}lx}qwlwzw~lcqx|~}zx}swyf~YR{yt{ q}lwzv}~soq~n{y~v|x{u}zxw~{v{tj~Zoxsrertrz~}xswzv}~5j.=~\y}zuxwuf p}yw~u}bxw~Cy}zpwka}~u{s}bx}yx}f~]}nw)x{~D}vv|p{zv|~p|yp|t~p|b|s vox}lwqoyvrtj~[yu}v}lx}ywtv}z~n{y{f~u}ylw~u}xvwywtv}f~{h{zv|~qmymvmem~n{y umt|v|z~}qywxwb~n}z}~voeyr~{x|yx|v{j~, V}qv{~n{k{tx|~i|xj~]{y~|v|n{ a|t{q|s~uryt}e}~i{v{qoyrk_~v|v{jX R}urb~Z}vy{_z{z~qmy|e{f~}ekwz}~i|x{yf~aoltrlsryj~C|ay{`s{~}vxw~a|t{q|s uryrxryj~C|ay{`s{_z{z~{xu|p{~lrvryj~YW}z}s~l}dp{~g|~trds|y|tv{yjX ]}xu}z~ W}g}lw~ n}lx}yj~ Z}ylw~ imhx|y~ <}s}xa}~ czmz|~ i|xt{ls{yj~ R}urb Z}vy{~{h{z~{xu|~v|e{lt|t{ls{yj~Wozrzr~lcqx|~}zx}swy~R}urb~Z}vy{f~YF{d}q|s MGM6f~MGM4~i|xv{j~L}yb~{tb|y{kx{pt}pwzwz~u}zv}z~g|~q}et}v}z~ickm~vcz` tml~ urys~ pmymx|y{f~ nmsmz~ g}dl|s{x|~ n{k{t~ k}g}xxw~ }ewxx}ywtwkwz~ mpsmz|~ v| p}xvwyvw~g|~oys}v}~z|~|v|n{~a|t{q|sx|yv|zf~z|~v|~tru}vv|p~p}z}s~v}g}x}ywz` v}z~ |p|y~ u}xvwj~ o~ k}t}zf~ }yswu~ nmsmz~ }aw~ p}y}d}s{qx|~ }zx}vwt~ u{f~ {ps{ux}x{ reyrzv}~ o~ v|y|a|~ s|y~ vcusmemt~ p}z}sf~ |gg|x}~ n{y~ a|t{q|s{zf~ n{y~ t{xx|s{z t}xwvwyj~Wozy}~v}~z{d}q|s~n{y~v|gy{z~{\}v|p{v{yjX R}urb~Z}vy{f~Yp}z}s~n{y~v|gy{z~{\}v|p{v{yX~v{q|y|uf~q}xwz~n{y~n{h{tv| i|yh|uh{~ p}z}swz~ s|t|x~ {xu|p{z{~ pcqxmqoyj~ ~ ~ L|yh|us|z~ v|~ nr~ {xu|q{~ n|z` {tp|v{us|z~pozy}u{~q}bwsx}ywz}~n}uwxvwus}~R}urb~Z}vy{_z{z~i|yh|uh{~q}bwsx}y g|yv{e{z{~icymqoyrkj ]ry}v}~n{y~poyrz~g}yj~R}urb~Z}vy{~Z|t}x{pss{yj~N|u{~}t}~z}pwx~oxvr~v} Z|t}x{ps~q}k}yf~Z|t}x{ps~Smyu{q|_q{~icux|y|~hwu}y}z~u}ylw~i|yh|uh{~q}bwsx}y g|yt|v{j~V|t|z~lrzr~pcqx|t|t~i|y|u{qoyj~R}xzwk~Z|t}x{kt~v|e{xf~nmsmz {ktx|y~p}z}ss}~i|yh|uh{x{e{~k|v|x|q|n{x{yj [pxwzv}~ nr~ poyrz~ q}k}ywz~ {v|oxoJ{p{qx|~ i|yh|uh{x{u~ }y}pwzv}u{~ {x{lu{ n}lxw~n}lwz}~|x|~}xwzt}pw~i|y|u|z~n{y~poyrzvryj~~Wcki|x{t{~z|yv|qp|~q|z{~n{y v{z{z~uryrarpr~vryrtrz}~i|x|z~Soxpsoqf~z}pwx~oxvr~v}~MG=.~Irp~v|gy{t{z{z }qz}pw~ox}n{x|a|u~i|yh|uh{~q}bwsx}y~g|yv{j ]r~uozrv}~n{y~n}lu}~cyz|u~]}xk}a_swyj~F|~{ps{qoyvr~]}xk}aj~Kf~soby}u p}d{n{~ }y{psouy}sx}yx}~ nryJrg}x}ywz~ oys}ux}l}~ i|yh|ux|ls{y|a|ux|y{~ n{y v|gy{tv{yf~ swbuw~ M+44_v|~ ]y{s}zq}_v}~ oxvrer~ i{n{j~ Pv|oxoJ{p{~ nr~ oxt}pwz} u}ylwz~]}xk}af~i|yh|uh{~q}bwsx}y~g|yv{j~;ru}apf~nrzr~lcqx|~}hwux}yf~Y]}xk}a_w nmqmu~n{y~{zp}z~q}b}z~l|qf~i|yh|ux{u~u|zv{~u{l{p|x~vmlmza|x|y{z|f~rtrsx}yw` z}~ g|~ {ps|ux|y{z|~ u}ylw~ i{sp|~ v|~ ozr~ n|s{tx|t|v|u{~ p}ypwxt}k vmympsxmemvmyjX~ ;ru}ap_wz~nr~}hwux}t}pwzwz~|ps|s{u~n{y~}hwux}t}~oxt}vwewzw~n{x{qoyrtj ]rzr~ pcqxmqoyrt~ q}f~ n|z~ v|~ |ps|s{u~ n{y~ }hwux}t}~ q}b}n{x|a|u~ vryrtv} v|e{xv{tj ]ry}v}z~ R}urb~ Z}vy{_q|~ vcz|yp|t~ {xu~ |xv|~ lrzr~ pcqx|t|x{q{tj~ Kf YW|z~ u}xuf~ n|z~ q}s}tX~ v{q|z~ n{y~ Z|t}x{ps~ v|e{xv{j~ Kf~ Z}vyo~ v|yi{p{qx| Z|t}x{kt|~{v|oxoJ{~ox}n{x|a|u~n{y~vmlmzp|x~v{ki|~g|yt|u~{ps|v{j~[t}~nrz} {k{z~g|y{xt|v{j

R

Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu ahire'de doğdu (27 Mart 1889). Altı yaşlarındayken ailesiyle birlikte Manisa'ya geldi. İlk öğrenimini bu kentteki Feyziye Mektebi'nde tamamladı. Rüstiyenin (ortaokul) ikinci yılında İzmir İdadisi'ne geçti. Çocukluğunda eğitim görmüş bir kişi olan annesinin kitap sevgisinden yararlanarak Ekmekçi Kadın, Monte Kristo gibi romanları okuma olanağı bulmuştu. Yıllar sonra özellikle Monte Kristo'nun kişiliği üzerinde yarattığı etkiyi anlatacak, “Belki bugünkü mevcudiyetimde M. Kristo kahramanlarının bazıları hala yaşamaktadır. İhtimal on bir, on iki yaşımda iken bu kitap elime geçmemiş olsaydı, ben şimdi büsbütün başka bir adam olacaktım.” diye yazacaktır.

K

34


\gciei R}urb~Z}vy{f~Zrysrxrl~W}g}lw_zv}z~pozy}~nr~p}g}l}~u}swx}zx}yw~icyvmj L|yh|e{~p}ux}t}q}a}u~vmymps~n{y~q}k}yvwj~[zu}y}_v}~V}uuw~]|q{~}zx}swyj ]{zn}lw~V}uuwf~p}g}ls}z~pozy}~T{y}x}q~V}uuw~oxryj~W|xt}_qx}~|gx|z{yj [zu}y}_v}~osryryx}yj~V}uuw~}pu|yx{us|z~}qywxtwl~{l~q}l}twz}~}swxtwlswyj V}uuwf~ Pkt{y_v|z~ vczvmem~ imz~ h|dy|p{~ srzh~ y|zi{~ i{n{v{yj~ ]msmz n|v|z{~ h|x{u~ i{n{v{yj~ R}~ l{tv{f~ p}n}dx}y}~ u}v}y~ q}n}zaw~ u}vwzx}yx}~ v}zp |v|zf~o~n}xov}z~nr~n}xoq}~uol}z~n{y~V}uuw~g}yvwyj V}uuwf~ [zu}y}_zwz~ pr~ {l{z{~ mpsx|zt|u~ {ps|q|z~ [xt}zx}yx}~ {ln{yx{e{ {h{zv|v{yj~Opu{z{z~v|gy{ta{x|y{f~d}xuw~pctmyt|u~{h{z~|tb|yq}x{ktx|~{ln{y` x{e{~{h{zv|v{yj [zu}y}~N}x}p_s}u{~n}xoq}~i{v|z~F|l|s~W}n{s~lcqx|~v|yf~YU|t{z~os|x{z t|yv{g|zx|y{zv|z~ hwu}yu|z~ srd}\~ n{y~ n}l~ vczt|p{~ d{pp|ss{tj~ ]}z}~ cqx| i|xv{~u{~}q}ewtw~n}pswewt~d|y~n}p}t}uf~d}xux}~n|z{t~}y}tv}u{~rhryrtr n{y~b}yh}~v}d}~v|y{zx|ls{y{qoyjX R}urb~ Z}vy{~ |x|ls{y{p{z{~ q}xzwka}~ q}l}t}~ n{h{t{~ }hwpwzv}z~ v|e{xf n|v|zx|~v|~q}b}yj~Wcki|x{t{~D|t{x|~S}luwzf~p}exwuxw~n{y~uwku|zf~l{tv{~d}z` s}x~n{y~qwewz}~vczmltmlsmyj~Wcki|x{t{~:|qd~Ot{zf~Y\y}uwf~nox~q}u}xwewf~u}sw bx}psyozr~{h{zv|~u}n}~p}n}~s}ds}v}z~q}bwxtwl~n{y~|xn{p|~}puwpwzwX~}zvwyt}u` s}vwyj W|xt}~ [zu}y}_qw~ nwy}uwb~ Z}qp|y{_q|~ u}h}z~ F}k{\_s|z~ nol}ztwl V}uuw_qx}~|gx|zt{ls{yj~Zrysrxrls}z~pozy}~V}uuw~v}~nokrxryj~]rzrz~mpsmz|f nokrzsrq}~u}ylw~hwu}z~F|l|s~W}n{s_x|~|gx|z{yj~ [zu}y}_zwz~mhmzam~ncxmtm~R}urb~Z}vy{_z{z~t|s}\{k{e{v{yj~Rrys~n}l` s}z~n}l}~v|e{lt{ls{yj~<}xwl}z~d|yu|p~|t|e{z{z~d}uuwzw~}xt}us}vwyj~V|yu|p trsxrvryj~V|yu|p~p}exwuxwvwyj ]r~t|s}\{k{u~i|yh|ux|lt|q|a|us{yj 2ig[eibi N}zoy}t}~ |b{u~ n{y~ yot}zvwyj~ Smyu{q|_z{z~ y|psoy}pqoz}~ i{y|a|e{z{ |lp{k~n{y~ickx|tx|~p}bs}twlswy~R}urb~Z}vy{j V}x{x~I}t{kf~YPzuwx}b~v}g}pwzv}u{~v{u~u}\}xwxwewf~vousy{za{x{e{f~s{s{kx{e{ g|~ n}kw~ tmz}u}l}x}yv}u{~ soupckxmxmem~ qmkmzv|zX~ <}zu}q}_v}z T|ax{p_s|z~vwlx}ztwlswyj~ T{xx|sg|u{x{~V}x{x~I}t{k_|~icy|~Z|t}x{ktf~Y-~s|b|p{~q|yv|f~s|t|x` x|y{~d}g}v}~g|~d|y~}z~v|gy{xt|u~s|dx{u|p{~{h{z~n{y~Ody}t_}X~n|zk|yj Z|zsx|yv|~ W|yg|sx|y~ qryvr~ hwu}yw~ {h{z~ urxx}zt}us}vwyj~ YDrtdry{q|s dmumt|s{z{z~ v|gy}xvwewX~ n{y~ t|tryvry~ W|yg|sj~ N}zoy}t}_v}~ W|yg|s_{ lcqx|~ }zx}swy~ R}urb~ Z}vy{j~ Rmux|z{a{x|y{~ v|gx|s~ |x{qx|~ g}ypwxx}lswywyj Z}ylwxwewzw~ }xwyj~ Pu{~ Z}sxw~ Zclux|y~ Zoob|y}s{\{_z{~ uryvryryj~ ~ V{x|x{~ {\x}px} d}xuwz~b}y}pwz}~|x~uoyj~Ucg{k~u}h}uhwxwew~q}b}yj 1ps~v|y|a|x{~t|tryx}y~Drtdry{q|s_{~n{y~q}zv}z~url}stwlswyj~@s|~q}z` v}z~S}d{za{k}v|~V}aw~Ot{zf~l}bu}~q}p}pw~qmkmzv|z~|g{zv|z~hwut}kj~[t} oexr~S}d{y~DVN_z{z~{xu~n}lu}zwvwyj 3}x{~Pdp}z~{xv|~YZ|zv{p{zv|z~cza|u{~g}x{z{z~n{xt|t~d}zi{~t}up}sx} q}bswyvwew~n{y~n|soz~n{z}qwf~n}ls}z~n}l}~v|e{ls{yt{lf~xou}zs}pwf~nm\|p{f~oqrz ov}x}ywf~v}zp~g|~uoz\|y}zp~p}xozx}ywqx}~}uxwza}~tov|yz~g|~[gyrb}g}y{~n{y uxmb~d}x{z|~poutrlf~d}ss}~n{y~v|~umhmu~p}dz|~{x}g|~|st|q{~rzrst}twlswjX ;ou}zs}zwz~ {lx|t|v{e{z{f~ u{tp|z{z~ rey}t}vwewzw~ pcqx|t|q|~ i|y|u qouj~ W|x{t~W}yb|yf~nr~poqirz~vmk|z{z{z~pmyt|p{~{h{z~u}ylwsx}yw~uotmz{ps` x{ux|~prhx}yj

35

İzmir'de İdadi yıllarında Edebiyat-ı Cedide şair ve romancılarını okuyarak, gençliğinin ilk evresinde edebiyatçı kimliği duymaya başlayan Yakup Kadri, Ömer Seyfettin, Baha Tevfik, Şehabettin Süleyman gibi genç yazarlarla tanıştı; onların küçük edebiyat çevrelerine katılma fırsatı buldu. 1905 sonlarında annesiyle birlikte Mısır'a gittiler. Üç yıl kadar, İskenderiye'de bir Frerler Okulunda Fransızca öğrenim gördü. Meşrutiyetin ilanından birkaç ay önce İstanbul'a yerleşti. Hukuk Fakültesinin son sınıfına kadar okudu.


Bu yıllarda Fecr-i Ati topluluğuna katılarak Muhit, Şiir ve Tefekkür dergilerinde görünmeye başladı. Servet-i Fünun Rübap, İkdam dergi ve gazetelerinde, Bir Serencam adlı kitabında topladığı hikayelerle, mensur şiirlerini yayımladı. Kısa bir süre Üsküdar İdadisinde edebiyat ve felsefe öğretmenliği etti. Türk Yurdu, Yeni Mecmua, İkdam, Dergah, Akşam dergi ve gazetelerinde çıkan hikaye, yazı ve romanlarıyla dönemin ünlü yazarları arasına katıldı. Kurtuluş Savaşı’nda Anadolu'ya geçti. Mardin ve Manisa'dan milletvekili seçilerek parlamentoya girdi. Tiran, Prag, Lahey, Tahran, Bern'de elçilik, Kurucu Mecliste üyelik yaptı. Manisa'dan milletvekili seçildi. Cumhuriyet döneminde Kadro, Varlık, Hayat, Meydan dergileriyle, Cumhuriyet, Hakimiyeti Milliyet, Ulus, Milliyet, Yeni İstanbul, Tercüman gazetelerinde roman, makale ve anıları yayımlandı. (Ölümü, 13 Aralık 1974)

R}urb~ Z}vy{f~ U{q}yn}uwy~ x{p|p{~ |v|n{q}s~ g|~ \|xp|\|~ doa}pw~ [dt|s F}kt{_z{z~t|usrnrqx}~|x|ls{y{p{z{~pmyvmymyj~YRwxx}y~qwxwvwyf~i|a|x{~imzvmkxm d}quwywb~ vryvrertrk~ >{zu{x}b?~ u|x{t|p{z{z~ v}d}~ >{?~ d}y\{~ n{x|~ nry}q} }up|v|t|t{lj~Z}n}d}s~u{tv|E~]r~d}xus}~twE~V}qwyf~n{z~u|y|~d}qwy9~u}n}` d}s~n{y~{zuwx}nwz~bx}zpwkf~s|lu{x}spwk~g|~s|uz{up{k~q}bwx}n{x|a|e{~d}q}xx|y{z| u}bwx}zx}yv}vwyj~ Pu{~ mh~ t}vv|x{u~ u}zrzf~ g}x{q|f~ box{p|f~ J}zv}yt}q}~ n{y|y |t{y-~~V|y~l|q{~oxtrl~n{st{l~\}yk~|v{qoyrkf~nr~u}zrzx}ywzf~nr~|t{yx|y{z u}\}x}ywz~ {h{~ lcqx|~ vryprz`~ d}ss}~ vwlwzw~ n{x|~ v|e{ls{yt|v{e{z{~ icyt|u {ps|t{qoyrkj~2trt{~tm\|ss{l~n|q~ d}xuw~[gyrb}{~q}l}qwl}~}xwlswyt}u~{h{z` t{p}\{yx|y{z{~}ul}t~q|t|e{z|~ptou{zx|~u}nrx~|v{qoyf~n{k{t~x{p|z{z~tmvmym {p|9~nmsmz~imz~t|us|n{z~{h{zv|~cuh|p{k~s|yx{ux|yx|~vox}lwqoyjX Zcupmk~ }qvwzx}y~ u|zv{~ }y}x}ywzv}~ s}yswlwyu|z~ 3}zq}xw~ C}kxw~ ncxi|v| n{yhou~soby}ux}y}~|x~uoqtrlsryj~ 1ps~ vmk|qv|~ t|tryx}yf~ Z|t}x{ps~ u}ylwsx}ywf~ smaa}yx}yf~ soby}u~ }e}x}ywf mxu|q{~ |uozot{uf~ qcz|sp|x~ }hwv}z~ |x|~ i|h{yt|~ p}g}lwtw~ g|y{yu|zf~ R}urb Z}vy{~ [s{ux|y~ ucqmzv|z~ Ot{z|~ F{z|_z{z~ q}xzwkxwewzw~ lcqx|~ icps|y{yj~ YOl{f qoxv}lwf~ }z}pwf~ n}n}pw~ ox}z~ nr~ soby}u~ i{n{~ u|zv{~ {h{z|~ h|gy{xt{lf~ nmsmz vrqirx}ywzwf~vmlmza|x|y{z{f~}zwx}ywzwf~s}p}x}ywzw~ g|~|e|y~g}yp}`~p|g{zhx|y{z{ nr~ soby}ewz~ prx}yw~ i{n{~ u|zv{~ {h{z|~ h|ut{lf~ nr~ soby}ewz~ k|zi{zx{ux|y{~ i{n{ u|zv{~{h{z|~icttmlsmjX Ot{z|~ F{z|~ nr~ {h~ g}ypwxxwewzw~ {h{z|~ ictmu~ q}l}yu|zf~ Pps}znrx_v} Zotp|y~V}tv{f~u}ywx}ywzw~iwvwux}q}y}u~u}sx|v|yj IiWig [dt|s~ D|t{x~ u{l{x{e{zv|~ }qvwz`d}xu~ {x{lu{p{z{~ poyirx}y~ nr~ q}bwswzv} R}urb~Z}vy{j [dt|s~ D|t{xf~ p}g}ls}~ p}e~ uoxrzr~ q{s{yt{lj~ S}zwvwew~ n{y~ |yf~ ~ [dt|s D|t{x_{~ucqmz|~icsmymyj~]r~pwy}v}~Zrysrxrl~W}g}lw~nmsmz~dwkwqx}~pmyt|us|` v{yj~Rrz}z~oyvrpr~[zu}y}~q}uwzx}ywz}~u}v}y~i|xt{ls{yj~Zcqxmx|y~nr~p}g}l} q}n}zawvwyj~Zcqxmx|y~[dt|s~D|t{x_{f~[dt|s~D|t{x~ucqxmx|y{~}zx}t}kj~ Zcqxmx|y|~icy|~[dt|s~D|t{x~n{y~q}n}zawvwyj N|u{~ nr~ q}n}zawx}lt}zwz~ poyrtxrpr~ u{tv{yj~ :cqx|~ vmlmzmy~ [dt|s D|t{xf~Y]rzrz~z|v|z{~Smyu~}qvwzwf~i|z|~p|zp{zj~*~]r~g{y}z~mxu|~g|~nr~qou` prx~{zp}z~u{sx|p{~{h{z~z|~q}bswzE~Rwxx}ya}f~qmkqwxx}ya}~ozrz~u}zwzw~|tv{us|z g|~ ozr~ n{y~ bop}~ d}x{zv|~ u}sw~ soby}u~ mpsmz|~ }sswus}z~ pozy}~ l{tv{~ v|~ i|x{b ozv}z~s{up{zt|u~d}uuwzw~u|zv{zv|~nrxrqoyprzjX R}n}z~ MG5A_v|~ q}qwtx}zwyj~ Z}vyo~ v|yi{p{zv|~ :|gu|s~ Wmy|qq}~ R}n}z {h{z~lcqx|~v|yf~YR}urb~Z}vy{_z{z~>R}n}z?w~MGA5_v|~q}kwxp}qvwf~n|xu{~q}uwx}` n{x{yv{j~ C}u}s~ nrimz~ >R}n}z?~ Smyu~ tmz|gg|y{z{z~ n|ux|v{e{~ g|~ ckx|v{e{ yot}zvwyj~ *~ <mzum~ nr~ yot}zv}~ u}x}n}xwux}ywz~ |zps|zusx|y{~ v|e{xf~ Smyu ps|b{z{z~{zp}z~t}xk|t|p{~s|su{u~oxrzrqoyj~]r~ps|b{z~uryrxrlrf~l|zx|zt|p{ {h{z~ t}xk|t|z{z~ oxvrer~ i{n{~ n{x{zt|p{~ x}kwtvwyj~ *~ Pls|~ R}n}z_v}~ }up|v|z {hs{t}{~ cyimf~ nr~ hoy}u~ ps|bx|y~ oys}pwzv}~ l{tv{q|~ u}v}y~ s|yuoxrz}z~ {zp}z t}xk|t|p{z{z~u}y}us|y{v{yjX R}n}zf~}qvwzwz~icepmz|~n{y~nwh}u~i{n{~p}bx}zvwj~[za}u~}qvwz~nr~nwh}ew hwu}ywb~q}n}zawx}lt}qw~uwy}t}vwj~1kmxvmj~<ou~mkmxvmj R}n}zf~q}k}yx}y~}y}pw~s}yswlt}v}z~cs|q|~i{v|t|v{j MG.=~ qwxwzv}~ ]{k{t~ Zcq~ q}qwtx}zwza}~ oys}xwu~ q{z|~ u}ywlswj~ [t} q}n}zawx}lt}qw~uwyt}~p}g}lwtw~g|y|t|v{~}qvwzwtwk-~Wozrzv}~v|gy{ta{` x|y~ucqx|y|~i{v{za|~Yg}s}z~b}yh}x}zwqoyX~i|y|uh|p{qx|~uwqwtx}y~n}lx}vwj Zozrqr~ v}ewst}u~ {ps|t{qoyrtj~ ]r~ pcqx|v{ux|y{t~ q}kwz`sobxrtp}x d}y|u|sx|y{~{xi{x|zv{y{yj

36


U|t{ys}l~D|qdrzf~R}n}z~{h{z~lcqx|~v|yf~Y-~[z}voxr~{zp}zw~{xu~u|k v|e{l{u~n{y~}hwv}z~|x|~}x}z~g|~}qvwzwtwkx}~mxump|xx|ls{yv{e{~d}xuw~}y}pwzv} sy}J{u~ h|x{lu{q{~ q}u}x}qwbf~ oxirz~ n{y~ |ps|s{u~ {h{zv|~ }zx}st}pwzw~ n{xt{lf i|yh|uh{~n{y~yot}zv}~v|e{xv{y~q}xzwka}j~V{h~urlur~qou~u{f~nr~{zp}zx}ywz sobxrtp}x~g|~|uozot{u~q}bwx}ywqx}~{xi{x{~n{yhou~cz|tx{~voeyrqr~v}~{xu~u|k p}bs}q}zf~ckimz~n{y~n{x{tp|x~h}xwlt}vwy~}qzw~k}t}zv}jX Rfeid_cjR[gic Z{y}xwu~ Zoz}u~ MGAA_v|~ q}qwtx}zwyj~ R}urb~ Z}vy{~ nr~ yot}zwzv}~ mh url}ewz~p|ymg|z{z{~}zx}swyj~Iot}z~lcqx|~n}lx}yf~YF}{t~O\|zv{x|y~n{y~q}k Z}zxwa}_q}~ s}lwzt}vwx}yj~ ~ 7}t}zx}y~ }yswu~ |pu{~ k}t}zx}y~ v|e{xf~ {u{~ p|z| {h{zv|~ b|u~ hou~ }v|sx|y~ v|e{ls{j~ Zwlwz~ uoz}ux}yv}f~ q}kwz~ q}xwx}yv}~ osry}z }{x|x|y~i{ss{uh|~}k}xt}us}vwyjX 7}t}z~ }ewy~ n{y~ p{x{zv{y~ i{n{~ {x|yx|y~ Z{y}xwu~ Zoz}u_s}j~ 7}t}z}~ }q}u rqvryt}q}zx}y~ p{x{z{b~ i{v|a|us{yj~ ]rz}~ u}ylwz~ ]}swxw~ i{n{~ q}l}t}q} h}xwl}zx}yf~sobxrtp}x~n}uwtv}z~ucupmkvmyj ]msmz~ nr~ u}yt}l}zwz~ {h{zv|~ V}uuw~ D|x{p~ q}xzwk~ u}xwyj~ V}uuw~ D|x{p lcqx|~vmlmzmyf~YV}qwy$~V}qwy$~T{xx|s~v|z{x|z~l|q~F}{t~O\|zv{~i{n{~tmps|` d}p|x|yx|f~>Cop{x~DjLj?~W|z{d}x}y~g|~C}{u~]|qx|y~i{n{~p|\{x~g|~{ls}dxw~{zp}z` x}yv}z~tmy|uu|b~n{y~g}yxwu~v|e{xv{jX V}uuw~D|x{p_|~icy|f~YT{xx|s~>-?~n}k|z~u{xot|sy|x|ya|~soby}u~mk|y{z| qwewxtwl~n{y~a|p|s~i{n{~icymzmyvmj~]r~a|p|v|~d}l}y}sx}y~p}xvwywqoyvrj~V|y a|p|s~i{n{~nrzrz~v}~n{st|p{~x}kwt~i|x{yv{jX V}uuw~ D|x{p~ nrz}xwtv}z~ urysrxt}u~ {h{z~ <}z}uu}x|~ W}g}lx}ywz} u}swxwyj~Pxu~pmzim~p}g}lwzv}~<}z}uu}x|_v|~cxmy~V}uuw~D|x{pj 1h~url}ewz~sy}J|v{p{v{y~Z{y}xwu~Zoz}uj FXcXbj8hThZf Vmumt~ L|a|p{~ }vxw~ yot}zwz~ T|yu|k`2trt{_v|~ ]{y~ Zozrlt} ncxmtm~lcqx|~n}lx}yj~Y]{y~imzf~U}d{x{q|~F}kwyw~S}x}s~]|qf~Pss{d}s~g|~S|y}uu{ T|yu|k{~ 2trt{~ n{z}pwzv}~ ]}d}ss{z~ :}u{y_{z~ ov}pwzv}~ Pps}znrx~ T|yu|k Zrt}zv}zw~ D|t}x~ ]|q_x|~ nrxrlsr~ g|~ nmqmu~ n{y~ p|g{zhx|~ D|t}x~ ]|q_{z |xx|y{z{~uoa}t}z~}grhx}yw~{h{z|~}xwbf~ ,3}yoxf~s|t{kx|v{zf~s|ys|t{k~|ss{z~lr~Pps}znrx_r_~v|v{j Kzx}ywz~s}n{y{qx|~}yswu~,<mymtml~]{k}zp_s}~,d}l}y}ss}z~{k~u}xt}twlf u{t{~cxvmymxt|uf~u{t{~v|~qwewz~qwewz~pmbmymxmb~vwl}ywq}~}swxt}u~pry|s{qx| nrzx}ywz~p{px{f~\}u}s~v|g}txw~k}y}yx}ywz}~poz~g|y{xt{ls{jX Vmumt~L|a|p{f~Pss{d}u~S|y}uu{_qx|~Vmyy{q|s~g|~Ps{x}\~}y}pwzv}u{~|yu p}g}lwtwzw~}zx}swyj [dt|s~ W}t{t_{zf~ T}dtrs~ :|gu|s~ N}l}_zwz~ gryrxt}pwf~ ick}xswx}yf srsrux}t}x}yf~ pmyimzx|y-~ ]r~ u}yi}l}~ {h{z~ i|zh~ n{y~ {zp}z~ [dt|s~ Z|y{t YS}spwkf~uourprk~g|~uwpwy~n{y~i|zhx{ujX Wozy}~ lcqx|~ vmlmzmyf~ Y;}u{zf~ q}xzwk~ n|z~ t{~ ncqx|q{tj~ ]r~ urpryx}y MG=4_v|~q{yt{~q}lwz}~n}ptwl~ox}zx}ywz~d|bp{zv|~q}qiwz~v|e{x~t{qv{E~]rf [nvmxd}t{v~v|gy{~v|z{x|z~o~rkrzf~o~osrk~mh~qwx~pmy|z~i|a|v|z~}ys}~u}xtwlf t}q}pw~ u}y}zxwus}~ qoeyrxrb~ u}zxw~ q}lxw~ }z}x}ywz~ ickq}lwqx}~ srkx}ztwl nmsmz~ n{y~ z|px|~ t}dprp~ |up{ux{ux|yf~ ucsmxmux|y~ v|e{x~ t{qv{E~ K~ z|px{z~ |z n|x{yx{~cyz|ux|y{zv|z~n{y{~ox}z~[dt|s~Z|y{tjX Oz~{xu|x~umxsmyv|zf~|z~n}p{s~{v|}xv|z~qouprz~nwy}uwx}z~n{y~i|zhx{uj Vmumt~L|a|p{_zv|u{~[dt|s~Z|y{tf~MA~Oqxmx~\}l{ps~vcz|t{z{~}zwt` p}swqoy~ {zp}z}j~ Z{s}nwz~ prh~ }qiwsw~ v{q|~ icps|y{xv{e{f~ |g~ n}puwzx}ywzv} sobx}zwb~icsmymx|z~u{s}bx}yj~Oz~n}p{s~n{y~{v|}xv|z~qouprz~nwy}uwx}z~i|zh` x{u-

37

Si]efjQe`hb }vy{~ Oys|t~ >M4G4`MG65?j Drtdry{q|s~ pozy}p^~ d{u}q| g|~yot}z~q}k}y^~W}vy{~Oys|t M4G4~ q^x^zv}~ /ps}znrx_v}~ voHvrj ]}n}p^~/ny}d{t~Ovd|t_v{yj~<oaru` xrHr~ [z}voxr~ g|~ Irt|x{ Q|d{yx|y{zv|~ i|hs{us|z~ pozy} /ps}znrx_}~ i|xv{`x|y~ >MG=4?j~ 1pum` v}y~ [pu|y{~ ImQs{q|f~ 1pumv}y Wrxs}z{p{~ cHy|z{t{~ pozr~ /ps}znrx 1z{g|yp{s|p{f~ C|xp|\|~ ]cxmtm_zm n{s{yv{~ >MGA=?j~ ]{y{za{~ Umzq} W}g}Q^_z}~ q|v|u~ prn}q~ ox}y}u u}s^xv^j~ ZrysrxrQ~ W}g}Q^_zv} [zu}y}~ YV}u{t{q|s`{~ T{xx{q|X YR|z{~ LmzX~ i}k|`s|x|y{z{z~ q}k^ {Qx|y{~ tmvmyxmux|y{zv|~ nrxrzvrj W}vy{~Oys|t9~d|zmk~cz~vcys~q}Q^zv} {u|z~ {xu~ q}k^p^~ X~ S|yamt}z`^ V}u{u}sX~ i}k|s|p{zv|~ h^us^j~ W}vy{ Oys|t~ MA~ Z}p^t~ MG65~ q^x^zv} [zu}y}_v}~ g|\}s |st{Qs{yjZozrx}y^z^~ sobxrtp}x poyrzx}yv}z~ }x}z9~ {Qh{x|y{z~ q}Q}t` x}y^z^f~ pctmymxt|x|y{z{f~ u}b{s}x` {kt{z~ y|u}n|sh{~ vcz|t{z{z~ my|s{t {x{Q`u{x|y{z{f~ nrzrz~ pozrarzv} umhmu~ my|s{a{z{z~ koy~ vryrt} vmQt|p{z{~ }zx}ss^H^~ ]}a}q^~ /zv{y ]}a}q^~ Z}xv^y~ }vx^~ u{s}n^~ q}k}y^z |v|n{q}s}~ n}u^Q^z^z~ v}~ q}zp^` t}p^v^y~ }qz^~ k}t}zv}j~ Ox|Qs{y|x i|yh|uh{x{u~ }u^t^z^z~ czv|~ i|x|z q}k}yx}y^~}y}p^zv}~q|y{z{~}x}z~W}vy{ Oys|tf~ q}k^x}y^zv}~ |v|n{q}s^z h|Q{sx{~ poyrzx}y^z^~ t}vv|a{~ \|xp|` \|z{z~|su{p{zv|~g|~|x|Qs{y|x~i|yh|uh{ n{y~ p}z}s~ }zx}q^Q^~ voHyrxsrprzv} ury}tp}xx}Qs^yt}q}~qcz|xv{j~

W


Kh,fcjFidf]jRiei^j

/

ps}znrx8v}~ voHvr~ >M.~ T}ys M444?j~ /xu~ cHy|z{t{z{ s}t}tx}v^us}z~pozy}~}xs^~q^x L}x}s}p}y}q~ Wrxs}z{p{8zv| >MG==`MG=+?f~ n{y~ q^x~ v}~ Vruru C}umxs|p{zv|~ ourvr~ >MG=0?j Z^p}~ pmy|f~ T}x{q|~ F|k}y|s{ U|g}{y{~ I|pt{qq|~ Z}x|t{zv| h}x^Qs^j~ YS|yamt}z`^~ V}u{u}sX i}k|s|p{zv|~q}k}yx^uf~h|g{yt|z` x{u~|ss{j T}dtrs~|gu|s~N}Q}8z^z cxvmymxt|p{~mk|y{z|~>MA~V}k{y}z MGM5?~ /ss{d}s~ g|~ S|y}uu{ C^yu}p^8z}~ u}yQ^~ ox}y}u~ s}z^z}z u{Q{x|yx|~ n{yx{us|~ /ps}znrx~ v^Q^z} pmymxvmj~ W{zobf~ <oyrtf~ [zu}y} g|~ ]{x|a{u8s|~ q}Q}t}u~ koyrzv} u}xv^j~

S[][bjLhj8[b[eh Wovot~g|~Lotoy|~Tj@j~M6j~qmkqwxv}~;rs~icxmzmz~imz|q{zv|~{u{~u|zsj S|gy}s_}~icy|~poqprkx}l}z~nr~{u{~u|zs~S}zyw_zwz~c\u|p{qx|~q|yx|~n{y~|v{xt{lj R}urb~ Z}vy{~ |tb|yq}x{psx|y{z~ |x|~ i|h{yv{e{~ Pps}znrx_r~ Wovot~ g| Lotoy|_qx|~ckv|lx|ls{y{yj Pln{yx{uh{x|yf~ a}prpx}yf~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ prn}qx}ywz~ uoqzrz}~ i{y|z~ nryJrg} h|gy|x|y{j~ L|zh~ uwkx}y~ |tb|yq}x{ps~ prn}qx}yw~ |xv|~ |st|u~ {h{z~ n{yn{y{qx| q}ywlwyx}yj~;|qx}~nr~i|zh~uwkx}yv}z~n{y{v{yj~F|av|s_{z~z{l}zxwpwvwy~;|qx}j ;|qx}~ n{y~ Pzi{x{kx|~ \xcysm~ ozry~ i{n{~ icymyj~ F|av|s_|~ i|xv{us|f~ F|av|s uoqr~n{y~Pzi{x{k~vmlt}zwvwyj~]{y~Pzi{x{k|~p|x}t~n{x|~g|yt|u~ozryprkxrusryj ]rzv}z~csmym~F|av|s~|gx|zt|q{~|ys|x|yj~]rf~;|qx}_zwz~{l{z|~i|x{yj~F|av|s_| icy|~Pzi{x{kx|yf~n{k{~{x{ux|y{t{k|~u}v}y~hmymstmlsmyj~ [yu}v}lw~D|t{x~nrz}~u}ylw~Y[s|l{z~s|t{kx|t|v{e{~b{px{u~qousryjX [s|l~[zu}y}_vwyj Uousoy~ D|t{x~ [zu}y}_v}z~ i|xt{ls{yj~ D|t{x_{z~ g|yv{e{~ n{xi{q|~ icy| q}uwz~n{y~k}t}zv}~nr~{l~n{s|a|us{yj~Opu{l|d{y`[\qoz~h{ki{p{~q}ywxvw~twf~ury` srxrl~u|p{zv{yj Uousoy~D|t{xf~n{yu}h~imz|~u}v}y~[zu}y}_q}~vcz|a|us{y~F|av|sf~Y]|z{ v|~}xX~v|yj Uousoyrz~q}zwsw~lcqx|v{yj YF|~xmkrtr~g}yj~[yswu~n{k{t~i|xt|t{k~q}ux}lswjX Zrysrxrls}z~ pozy}~ ;|qx}f~ F|av|s_x|~ n{y~ scy|zv|~ u}ylwx}lwyj~ 7oyx}q}y}u |g|~icsmymyj~;|qx}f~q|z{v|z~|pu{~imzx|y|~vczt|u~{ps|t|us|v{yj~[t}~F|av|s oxrb~ n{s|zx|y{~ rzrst}twlswj~ ;|qx}_zwz~ cbmlx|y{z|~ q}zws~ g|yt|kj~ ;|qx}_zwz cbmlmzv|zf~ Yvrv}ux}ywzwz~ mpsmzv|~ u}x}z~ l|q~ u{tq|g{~ n{y~ t}vv|z{z q}g}zXs}v^vwyj Uousoy~D|t{xf~Y[s|l{z~s|t{kx|t|v{e{~b{px{u~qousryX~v|t{ls{yj [zu}y}_qx}~N}zoy}t}_v}~lrzr~icymymkj~ [s|l~q}zwb~pcztmlsmyj~N{px{ux|y{~ucumzv|z~s|t{kx|t|t{ls{yj N{px{ux|y{~s|t{kx|q|a|u~}s|l~q|y{zv|~n|ux|t|us|v{yj MfejSXeEXg R|z{~q|st|~vcz|tx|y{zv|~]}swqx}~{xi{x{~lrzx}yw~vrqvrertr~}zwtp}ywtj Ppg{hy|_z{z~d|yd}zi{~n{y~u|zs{zv|~b}y}zw~vmlmyf~b}y}zw~vmlmyvmemz~q|y|~n{y d}\s}~pozy}~i{sf~b}y}z~vryrqoyvryj N}y{p_s|~u{tp|~u}bwqw~u{x{sx|t|kj ]rzx}yw~ u{t~ rqvryrqoyvryf~ n{x|t|tf~ }t}~ ncqx|~ n{y~ vmlmza|~ g}yvw [gyrb}qx}~{xi{x{j Uousoy~V{ut|s_{z~u}\}pw~nr~u}v}y~v|e{xp|~v|~u{s}bx}yv}z~|v{zv{e{~n{x` i{x|yx|f~N}y{p_{~Yzry~l|dy{X~ox}y}u~vmlmzmyj~ Z{tv{y~ Uousoy~ V{ut|sj~ A0~ q}lwzv}vwyj~ R}l}tv}~ }a|t{~ u}xtwlswyj~ Kf p|g|a|z~}zz|qx|~n}n}zwz~|x{zv|~z}kxw~nmqmsmxtmlsmyj~[{x|p{~Pps}znrx_v}vwyj Z|zv{p{~Pkt{y_v|j~Ucz|t~[nvmxd}t{s~vcz|t{v{yj~Uousoy~V{ut|s_{z~p{q}p}x n{y~|su{zx{e{~qousryj~R{z|~v|~Pkt{y_v|~pwuwxt}us}vwyj~N}y{p_|~i{st|q|~u}y}y g|y{yj~Z}h}u~n{zv{e{~g}bryx}~T}yp{xq}_q}f~oyv}z~N}y{p_|~i{v|yj Uousoy~V{ut|sf~N}y{p_s|~vml~uwywuxwewz}~rey}yj~]}sw~{zp}zw~b}y}q}~s}b}y vryrt}~i|xt{ls{yj N}y}f~ Y{zp}zx}ywz~ qmkmz|~ n{y~ v|t{y~ t}pu|~ p|ysx{e{z{~ g|y|z~ g|~ t|x|u qmkxm~n{y~i|zh~}ys{ps{~n{y~}ypwk~v{x|za{f~n{y~qox~u|p{a{~d}x{z|~pou}z~g|~n{y~{ds{` q}y~l}{y{~n{y~trds|u{y~n}uu}xv}z~\}yupwk~uwx}zX~n{y~vryrt}~poutrlsryj ]}sw~ rqi}yxwew~ qokx}ltwlswyj~ ]rf~ u}b{s}x{kt{z~ |x|ls{y{p{~ v|e{xv{yj~ ]}sw rqi}yxwew~{zp}z{~{x{lu{x|y{~noktrlsryj !cz~ Smyux|y|~ i|xv{us|-~ !cz~ Smyux|y~ v|~ Pps}znrx_v}z~ i|x|z~ d}n|yx|y{ uozrlryx}yj~Oz~hou~mpsmzv|~vryvrux}yw~[nvmxd}t{s_{z~p}qyw~oxrlrvryj~]|xu{ q}uwzv}~cx|a|us{yj

38


Z}b{s}x{kt{z~ |x|ls{y{p{z{~ Irp~ {ds{x}xa{p{~ Toxoso\_rz~ }ekwzv}z~ q}b}y R}urb~Z}vy{j~:cqx|~uozrlry~Toxoso\f~YOt{z~oxrz~u{~]}yn}yx}ywz~Iot}_qw {ps{x}pw~nrzv}z~v}d}~qwuwaw~oxt}twlswy~g|~[gyrb}~|tb|yq}x{psx|y{f~nr~z|s{` a|q{~n{y~umt|~n|k{yi}zx}f~n|l~oz~try}n}d}aw~p}q|p{zv|~|xv|~|st{ls{yjX Toxoso\~v}d}~pozy}~Kpt}zxw~Ptb}y}soyxrerzr~}zx}swyj~]r~{tb}y}soy` xrux}~ {xi{x{~ n{xi{p{~ Uousoy~ V{ut|s_{~ l}lwyswyj~ @k|xx{ux|~ |tb|yq}x{ps [gyrb}_zwz~Kpt}zxw_qw~hcu|yss{e{~icymlm~Uousoy~V{ut|s_{~hou~l}lwyswyj ]rzv}z~ lrzr~ }zx}ywkj~ Uousoy~ V{ut|sf~ q}l}vwew~ mxu|q{~ n{xt|q|zf n{y{u{tp{k~n{y{v{yj Uousoy~V{ut|sf~n{y{u{tv|z~qouprzf~|v{xi{z~n{y~u{l{v{yj~Wozr~qousryj R}urb~ Z}vy{~ ]{y~ Wmyimz_v|~ [yx|ss|~ {x|~ ]}sw~ {zp}zwzwz~ {h~ vmzq}pwzw icps|y{yj~[yx|ss|f~Uousoy~V{ut|s_{z~s}zwvwew~n{y~}{x|z{z~uwkwvwyj~N}y{p_s|~q}x` zwkxwuf~ u{tp|p{kx{u~ Uousoy~ V{ut|s_{~ nr~ i|zh~ uwk}~ n}ex}yj~ [yx|ss|~ vy}` dot}pwk~ oxvrer~ {h{z~ |gx|zt|p{~ koyvryj~ Zwkwz~ }zz|p{~ Uousoy~ V{ut|s_{ g}ypwx~p}zwyj~YC|x|e{z~h|tn|y{zv|z~i|ht{l~nr~uryz}k~u}vwz~nr~soq~g|~i|zh q}n}zawqw~uwkw~{x|~n{y~}y}v}~{xu~icyvmem~v}u{u}v}z~{s{n}y|zf~ozrz~qmy|e{z` v|u{~k}}\w~d|t|zX~}zx}yj~ [zz|p{z{z~ |su{p{qx|~ uwk~ v}~ Uousoy~ V{ut|s_{~ p|g|y~ icymzmyj~ Uousoy V{ut|s~nr~p|gi{z{z~vmkt|a|~oxvrerzr~}zx}yj Uousoy~ V{ut|s~ d|b~ n}l}ywpwkvwyj~ 1ps|x{u~ p}qywvwyj~ Wozrzv}~ cxmyj N}y}pwk~oxvrer~{h{z~i|z|x~ictmsxme|~}swxwyj Iot}zv}~u}b{s}x{kt{~|x|ls{y|z~Toxoso\~u{tv{yj Irp~ oury~ N|syo~ Pj~ Zrkz|spo\f~ nr~ u{l{~ ;|z{z~ oxt}pwz~ v{q|~ t|usrb q}k}yj~R}urb~Z}vy{f~;|z{z_{~}vwzw~n{xt|v|z~D|z|gy|_v|~s}zwvwewzw~pcqx|yj :cqx|~ q}k}y~ R}urb~ Z}vy{f~ Y-~ n|zf~ ;|z{z_{z~ D|z|gy|_v|~ nrxrzvrer pwy}x}yv}~Ppg{hy|_v|~{v{t~g|~Smyu~s}x|n|~}yu}v}lx}ywtx}~nrxrlt}u~mk|y|~pwu pwu~D|z|gy|_q|~i{v|y~g|~oy}v}~,Dyoaov{x|_~}vxw~u}dg|v|~nrxrlryvruj~Pls| ;|z{z_{~~`u{t~oxvrerzr~n{xt|up{k{z`~hou~u|y|~oy}v}~icytmlmtvmyj~>-? ]{y~ Wmyimz_v|u{~ Irp~ {ds{x}xa{p{z{z~ {p|~ ozrzx}~ d{hn{y~ tmz}p|n|s{~ qousryj 7{y}~o~n|z{t~d}q}x{tv|z~voet}~n{y~yot}z~u{l{p{v{yjX~ N|syo~ Zrkz|spo\~ q}zwswzv}f~ nrz}~ hou~ mkmxvmemzm~ pcqx|yj~ [za}u yot}zv}u{~u{l{x|y~o~u}v}y~s{b{uf~o~u}v}y~a}zxwvwy~u{f~Yp}v|a|~n{y|y~yot}z u{l{p{~ox}n{x|a|ux|y{z|~{z}zt}us}~koyxru~h|u{qoyrkjX~v|yj =aejMiWi R}urb~Z}vy{f~i|zhx{e{zv|~<}txwa}~vox}qwzv}u{~]|us}l{~s|uu|p{z|~pwu pwu~i{v|yj~]ry}v}z~Fry~]}n}~yot}zw~hwu}yj~Ox|ls{y{x|y~mpsmz|~R}urb~Z}vy{ lcqx|~v|yf~YFry~]}n}_zwz~u|zv{p{~v|~v}d{x~oxt}u~mk|y|~yot}zwtwz~nmsmz s{bx|y{~d}u{u{~v|e{xf~s}n{{v{yx|yf~d{hn{y~s}y{ds|~d{hn{y~q|yv|~q}l}t}vwx}yjX L|yh|us|z~ v|~ R}urb~ Z}vy{~ q|su{z~ n{y~ s{b`u}y}us|y~ q}y}swawpwvwyj~ ]r qmkv|z~ u{t{x|y{~ s{bx|y{z~ a}zxw~ cyz|ux|y{z{~ }y}twlswy~ ozrz~ yot}zx}ywzv}j Wcki|x{t{~ [nvmx}k{k~ vcz|t{z{~ }zx}sswew~ V|b~ K~ :}yuw~ }vxw~ yot}zwzv} q}l}tv}z~hwuwb~i|xt{lx|yv{yf~u{l{x|yj V|b~K~:}yuwf~n{y~u}vwz^z~}ekwzv}z~}luwzw~}zx}sswew~n{y~yot}zvwyj~[t} u}vwzf~p|gv{e{qx|~n{y~smyxm~|gx|z|t|kj~@za|~n}n}~pozy}~b}v{l}d~nr~|gx{x{e{ czx|yKpt}zxw~ sobxrtrzv}~ n{y~ u}vwz~ rt}ypwkxwewf~ q}l}twz~ uwpwsxwxwew~ a}zxw n|s{tx|t|x|yx|~icps|y{x{yj IicaJjRi]efjjS[L^h`jQ]hWf^i`_ R}urb~ Z}vy{f~ MG56~ qwxwzv}~ Wogq|s~ Ov|n{q}s~ Zoziy|p{_z|~ u}swxwyj Wogq|s~ Ov|n{q}sw~ }vxw~ q}kwpwzv}~ lcqx|~ v|yf~ YTopuog}~ Ov|n{q}s Zoziy|p{zv|z~ n|y{~ nr~ bx}zwz~ n{y{za{~ t}vv|p{z{~ Ws}x{z_{z~ n{y~ pckm~ s|lu{x |v{qoyj

39

7

{q}~ Lcu}xb8{z~ }y}a^x^H^~ {x| }\\|v{x{b~ /ps}znrx8} vczmQmzv|~ Ion|ys Zox|J8v|~ Smyuh|~ cHy|st|zx{H{ q}bs^9~ i|z|x~ t|yu|k{zv|~ icy|gx{ oxvrHr~ Vmyy{q|s~ g|~ /s{x}\~ C^yu}p^ {us{v}y}~ i|x{za|~ Nops}~ S|xiy}\ L|z|x~TmvmyxmHm_z|~i|s{y{xv{j~]r vcz|tv|~ h^u}yv^H^~ [qv|v|~ v|y` i{p{zv|f~ q}q^tx}v^H^~ ZrysrxrQ W}g}Q^8z}~ u}yQ^~ q}k^x}y^zv}z vox}q^~ p^z^y~ v^Q^~ |v{xv{j [\\|v{x{za|q|~ v|H{z~ ]|qyrs~ g| V}x|b8s|~ q}Q}v^j~ V}x|b8s|~ h^u}z UoHyr~ Rox~ g|~ 3}dv|s i}k|s|x|y{zv|~ h}x^Qs^j~ 1xu|q| vczmQmzv|z~ cxmtmz|~ >M4 S|ttrk~ MG+.?~ v|H{z~ q}Q}t^z^ u{s}bx}y^z^z~i|x{y{qx|~pmyvmyvmj


<ou~ qczxm~ n{y~ p}z}sh^~ ox}z I|\{u~V}x{v~{xu~i|zhx{u~|gy|p{zv| Z}x|t~v|yi{p{zv|~Z{yb{~{tk}p^q` x}~ q}q^tx}v^H^~ t{k}d~ q}k^x}y^qx} s}z^zt^Qs^yj~ Ov|n{q}s h|gy|x|y{zv|~ {xi{qx|~ u}yQ^x}z}z cz|tx{~q}b^s^f~{xu~pmyimz~q}Q}v^H^ q^xx}yv}~ q}kv^H^~ cqumx|yv|z oxrQ}z~ T|tx|u|s~ V{u}q|x|y{~ g| /ps}znrx8rz~ ]{y~ Rmkm~ yot}z^v^yj ]r~ {u{~ |p|y{qx|~ qrys~ v^Q^z} pmymxt|v|z~ cza|~ u|zv{p{z{~ imh n|H|z{y~ u{Q{x|y|~ u}nrx~ |ss{yt| n}Q}y^p^~ icps|yt{Qf~ R}dq} Z|t}x8{z~ v|q{Q{qx| YT|Qyrs{q|ss|z~ pozy}~ oys}q} }s^x}z~ |v|n{~ z|p{x~ {h{zv|Xf YSmyuh|q|~ q|z{~ n{y~ h|Qz{~ g|y` |y|uX~ n|xx{~ n{y~ |v|n{q}s }zx}q^Q^z^z~s|tp{xa{p{~oxtrQsryj Y]{k{t~n{y~v{x{t{k~g}y~u{f~nr q}y^z^z~ v{x{~ ox}a}us^yX~ v{q|z I|\{u~ V}x{vf~ YL|zh~ Z}x|tx|yX d}y|u|s{z|~ u}s^xt}t}p^z}~ u}yQ^z Smyuh|z{z~ p}v|x|Qs{y{xt|p{zv|z q}z}v^yj~ Ov|n{q}s^z~ d}xu}~ u}yQ^ qmumtx|y{~ oxvrHrzr vmQmzmQmzv|v{yj~ YU{x{~ nrxvruj {tv{~ d}xu^~ cHy|z|a|H{k~ g| }v{x|Qt|v|z~ u|zv{t{k{~ d}xux} t|Qirx~ |v|a|H{kj~ ]{k|~ n{y~ Irp |v|n{q}s^~ x}k^tj~ R}z{~ d}xu^z }a^x}y^z}~ {Qs{y}u~ |v|zf {ds{q}hx}y^z^~ vrq}zf~ |t|xx|y{z| Q|u{x~ g|y|z~ n{y~ |v|n{q}sjjjX~ v{q| uozrQryj T|tx|u|s~ V{u}q|x|y{f~ nr u}qi^x}y^~vrq}z~n{y~u}\}z^z~mymz` x|y{v{yj~

`Trd}yy{yf~{zp}z~yrdrzrz~tmd|zv{p{v{yj U|t|u~u{f~q|z{~uryrx}z~a|t{q|s~{h{zv|~Irp~trd}yy{z{z~d{pp|p{z|~vml|z g}k{\|~d}xu~yrdrzrz~{zl}pwz}~g|~nr~yrdrzf~Wogq|s~mxu|p{zv|~d|y~s}y}\wzv} iczmxx|y|~voeyr~rk}zvwew~icymx|z~p}qwpwk~\}ny{u}~n}a}x}yw~i{n{~v}{t}~i|z{l d}pp}p{q|s~zous}x}ywz}~voeyr~qmup|xt|p{z|~h}xwlt}uswyjX ]r~q}kw~lcqx|~n{s|yf~YWwdd}sx{f~tmpn|s~g|~q}bwaw~n{y~|v|n{q}s~voetrlsry g|~nrzv}z~popq}x{ps~Irpq}zwz~{us{p}v{~g|~p{q}p{~n}z{x|y{~t}z|g{~n{y~|z|yJ{ u}qz}ew~i{n{~{ps{\}v|~|st|p{z{~n{x{qoyx}yjX~ T}%{t~Loyu{~{x|~Tmx}u}s~}vxw~q}kwpwzv}~lrzx}yw~pcqx|y~R}urb~Z}vy{f Y]mqmu~Irp~tm|xx{\{f~q}ywzu{~Irp~|v|n{q}swzwzf~byox|s}yq}~pwzw\w~}y}pwzv}z hwu}a}ewzw~g|~d}ss}~hwut}us}~oxvrerzr~pcqxmqoy~>-?~Loyu{f~n{k|~q|z{~n{y l|q{z~ s|u|ggmzmzv|z~ >oxrlrtrzv}z~ DjLj?~ d}n|y~ g|yt{l~ ~ oxt}xwj~ R}xzwkf i|x|a|us|u{~ p}z}su)y~ g|q}~ trd}yy{y{z~ }yswu~ tms|y|vv{~ >poqprkx}ltwl? }p{xk}v|z{z~k|gu{z|~d{kt|s~|st|e|9~u}yzw~l{lt{l~icyimpmk~n}zu|y{z~s}uv{y{` z{~ u}k}zt}e}f~ qr\u}~ qmy|ux{~ nryJrg}~ u}ywpwzwz~ ickx|y{z{~ q}l}yst}e} t}durt~urysrx}a}ewzw~pcqx|t|u~{ps|v{jX~ 8heOhcOfj9fPEf R}urb~Z}vy{~i|yh|uh{f~q|su{z~n{y~q}k}yvwyj~]r~y}psx}zsw~v|e{xv{yj~/xu~|xv| lrzr~pcqx|t|u~koyrzxrj~R}urb~Z}vy{~i|yh|uh{~n{y~q}bwswz~{xu|x|y{z|~rqirz q}bwsx}y~g|yt{ls{yj~R}bwsx}ywzv}~sobxrtp}x~hckmtx|t|~g}yvwyj~Kx}qx}y~s{b{u` s{yj~Z{l{x|y~v|~s{b{u`u}y}us|yx{u~p}ex}twlswyj~Kx}q~cyimx|y{~z|v|zp|xx{u~{xu|` p{z|~ rqirzvryj~ F|pz|x|y{z~ v{k{t{f~ z|pz|x|y{z~ n{yx{e{f~ ckz|x~ k}t}zf~ ckz|x rk}tf~z|pz|x~k}t}zf~z|pz|x~rk}t~{x{lu{p{~v{q}x|us{u~n{yx{u~{h{zv|~uryrxtrl` sryj L|yh|uh{~ h{ki{~ h|l{sx{~ q}k}yx}ya}~ MG0=_x|y|~ u}v}y~ pmy|n{xt{ls{y Smyu{q|_v|j MG0=_x|yv|~nr~h{ki{~uwywxtwlswyj~]rzrz~z|v|z{~lrvryj~]|z{t~url}ewtv} n{yhou~ {zp}z~ i|yh|uh{~ yot}zx}f~ i|yh|uh{~ h{ki{qx|~ n{x{zhx|zt{lf~ popq}x{ps oxtrlsryj ]ryJrg}~ pwzw\w~ MA~ T}ys_x}~ n{yx{us|~ vryrtr~ }zx}vwj~ Zmhmu~ nryJrg} q}k}yx}yx}~|v|n{q}s~vmzq}pwz}~|x~}sswj~Zmhmu~nryJrg}~q}k}yx}yf~u{l{p|x~poyrz` x}ywzwf~ `nrz}xwtf~ q}xzwkxwuf~ rtrsprkxruf~ trsprkxru`~ |gy|zp|xf~ {zp}z{~ n{y poyrztrl~ i{n{~ {lx|q|z~ yot}zx}yx}~ i|yh|uh{~ h{ki{v|z~ rk}ux}lswx}yj~ ]r q}k}yx}y~ h|l{sx{~ qczs|tx|yx|~ ps}yx}lswywxvwj~ Iot}zwtwkv}~ z|pz|x|y{z~ n{yx{e{f z|pz|x|y{z~v{k{t{f~ox}q~cyimpmzv|~z|v|zp|xx{uf~sobxrt~hckmtx|t|~Yu}n}X p}qwxvwj Woyrz~pcqx|zv{e{~i{n{~|v|n{~v|e{xv{yj~W{q}p}xvwyf~sobxrtp}xvwyj L|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}s}~i|y|u|z~{xi{~icps|y{xt|t{ls{yj~L|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}s} i|y|u|z~{xi{q{~~icps|yt|u~koyrzxrvryj~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ U{bzosx}y R}urb~Z}vy{f~]{y~Zwpp}~g|~]{y~V{pp|f~Z}vyo~Swbuw~]}pwt~MG55`D{xs~A~pjM6f~R}qwt} V}kwyx}q}z~Uohj~UyjD|t~[xb}yf~[zu}y}~{us{p}v{~g|~S{aj~Px{tx|y~}u}v|t{p{~R}qwzwf~[zu}y} MG0Gj Lj~;ru}apf~[gyrb}~L|yh|uh{x{e{f~<|gj~T|dt|s~Vj~Uoe}zf~N}q|x~R}qwz|g{f~Pps}znrxf MG46j :|gu|s~Wmy|qq}f~R}n}zf~Z}vyo~}jij|j~D{xs~Af~pjMGj U|t{ys}l~D|qdrzf~Smyu~Ov|n{q}swzv}u{~[z}voxrf~p{p~<}zw~R}qwzx}ywf~Pps}znrxf~MGG+j R}urb~Z}vy{~Z}y}opt}zoexrf~]{y~Wmyimzf~Px|s{l{t~R}qwzx}ywf~Pps}znrxf~A==0j R}urb~Z}vy{f~Z}vyof~}jij|j~D{xs~Mf~pj.j~~

40


ÜÇ ÝSTANBUL Mithat Cemal Kuntay Ahmet Aydın K[big_gjMiUjRieic`hefj\]gigD R}k}y~M4G5~qwxwzv}u{~p}g}lx}~n}lx}y~g|~p}g}lw~i}k|s|a{~[vz}z_wz~u}x|` t{zv|z~YRwuwx}z~3}s}zX~}vxw~yot}zwz~p}swyx}ywqx}~}us}ywyB~YG5~d}yn{zv|~mh l|q{z~drvrvr~qousrj~V}ps}xwewzf~}hxwewzf~g}s}z~soby}ewzwzX~v|yj Iot}zv}u{~ mh~ cz|tx{~ u}y}us|yf~ [vz}zf~ T}{k~ g|~ S|g\{u~ Voa}f~ mh }yu}v}l~ Vruru~ C}umxs|p{_zv|z~ t|krz~ oxrqoyx}yj~ [vz}z~ drurus}z~ pozy} i}k|s|a{~oxt}qw~g|~ck|x~v|yp~g|yt|q{~{ps{qoyj~R}k}y~Ypozy}~[vz}z_wz~u}x|` t{zv|~rarzv}z~v}tx}t}q}~d}kwyx}ztwl~n{y~{pq}z~|v|n{q}sw~g}yvwX~v{q|y|u [vz}z~u}y}us|y{z|~o~}zv}~qmux|v{e{~t{pqozr~}hwuxwqoyB~Kpt}zxw_q}~u}ylw v|gy{t~d}kwyxwewzv}~ox}z~nryJrg}k{j Iot}zv}u{~ u}y}us|yx|yv|z~ V{v}q|s~ {p|~ q}k}ywz~ {\}v|p{qx|~ YLmzvmk p}y}qv}z~ b}y}~ }xwyf~ i|a|~ p}y}q}~ pcg|yjX~ ]{y~ q}zv}z~ |g{zv|~ trd}x{\x|y{ sobx}qwb~s}yswlt}x}y~vmk|zx|yu|z~v{e|y~q}zv}z~n{y~}q}ew~d|b~p}y}qv}vwyj Wmx|qt}z_wz~ u}y}us|y{~ {p|~ hwu}yawf~ q}x}u}~ n{y~ u{l{x{uj~ V|y~ vcz|t hwu}ywzwz~oxvrer~q|y~z|y|p{qp|~oy}qw~nrxryf~oy}v}~oxryj T}{k~ n{y~ R}drv{j~ <ou~ dwkx}~ nmqmu~ p|yt}q|~ p}d{n{~ oxryj~ R}k}ywz R}drv{x|y|~ u}ylw~ vmlmza|x|y{~ T}{k~ mk|y{zv|z~ q}zpwy~ yot}z}j~ W}g}ls} k|zi{zx|l|z~n{y{j ]|xuwp~ u}y}us|y{~ |i|t|z~ pwzw\s}z~ n{y~ u}vwzwz~ vryrtrzr~ }zx}swqoyj 7|zi{zx{u~{h{zv|~icps|y{lx{~n{y~q}l}tj Wmd|qx}_v}~ k|zi{z~ g|~ |i|t|z~ pwzw\s}z~ oxt}pwz}~ y}et|z~ iryryxr~ g| }lwu~ox}z~n{y~u}vwzvwyj Iot}z~u}y}us|yx|y{~nrzx}yx}~pwzwyxw~v|e{xj~]{y~hou~u}y}us|y~g}yj~v|e{l{u vcz|tx|y{z~}zx}swxt}pwz}~rqirz~ox}y}u~\}yuxw~u}y}us|yx|y~q}l}z}z~vcz|t{ }zx}swqoyj~Ucz|tx|y~v|e{l{za|~nr~vryrt~u}y}us|yx|y{z~q}l}twzv}~v}~u|zv{` z{~icps|y{qoyj Y1h~Pps}znrxX~nr~soby}ux}yv}~q}l}z}z~g|~pozy}pwzw~v}~|su{x|q|z~s}y{dp|x n{y~pmy|a{~}zx}swqoyj~Umzq}~s}y{d{zv|u{~cz|tx{~i|x{lt|x|y{z~d}zi{~uolrxx}y` v}~i|yh|ux|ls{e{~o~vcz|t{~}zx}s}z~n}kw~yot}zx}yv}~icymxmyj~Y1h~Pps}znrxX~mh }qyw~vcz|t{f~[nvmxd}t{s~vcz|t{f~T|lyrs{q|s{~{kx|q|z~vcz|t~g|~p}g}l~qwx` x}ywzw~}zx}swyj~Drtdry{q|s~vcz|t{zv|~pozx}zwyj [vz}z_wz~Rwuwx}z~3}s}z~}vxw~n{y~yot}z~q}kwqoy~oxt}pwqx}~}pxwzv}~Y1h Pps}znrxXv}~ Kpt}zxw_zwz~ qwuwxwlw~ }zx}swxvwew~ {h{z~ q}k}yf~ u|zv{~ yot}zwzwz {h|y{e{z{~n|x{ys{qoyj~R}k}y~Kpt}zxw_qw~h}ybwaw~{\}v|x|yx|~}zx}swqoyj~YPps}znrx_` v}~mh~l}bu}~g}yvwyj~<}txwa}~s|b|p{zv|z~|gg|x~nr~mh~l}bu}~icymxmy~I|J{_v|u{ I}tn|ys_{zf~ Urqrz`{~ 2trt{q|_a{~ ]|yJ|_z{z~ :{t|zv{\|ya{~ Vmiz|z_{z u}\}pwzv}~vryirz~mh~p|ybrl$~]r~mh~l}bu}f~nr~mh~u}\}v}z~n}k|z~u}xvwywt} {z|yf~ n}k|z~ nrxrsx}y}~ \wyx}yB~ :{tv{~ {u{~ |xv|~ n{y~ sob}h~ oxry~ vryryj~ Kpt}zxw Ptb}y}soyxrer~v|z|z~rl}u~ov}pwzw~nr~mh~l}bu}~{v}y|~|v|yjX~Kpt}zxw_zwz~poz qwxx}ywzv}~}lwyw~noyh~z|v|z{qx|~|tb|yq}x{psx|y{z~nr~noyhx}yw~s}dp{x~{h{z~i|x{y` x|y|~|x~uoqt}pwf~Kpt}zxw_zwz~oqrza}u~d}x{z|~i|xt|p{~ickx|y~czmz|~p|y{x{` qoyj~C}yuxw~q|yx|yv|f~\}yuxw~n{h{tx|y~mk|y{zv|z~|tb|yq}x{kt{z~|su{p{~gryir`

41

Mithat Cemal Kuntay stanbul'da doğdu (1885). Orta öğrenimini Vefa İdadisi’nde yüksek öğrenimini Hukuk Mektebi’nde tamamladı. Adalet örgütünde önemli görevlerde bulundu. İstanbul 4. Noteriyken öldü(30 Mart 1956). İlk gençliğinde, Mehmet Akif'in çevresinde yetişen Mithat Cemal, II. Meşrutiyet’ten sonra yayımladığı ilk şiirleriyle dikkati çekmiştir. Aruz ölçüsüyle yazdığı bu evre ürünlerinde yeni ses ve anlatım olanakları aradığı söylenemez. Onun da, ustası Akif gibi, aruzun belli kalıplarının tek düze uyumu içinde kendi sesini yaratma kaygısı duymadan şiiri sözcüklerin, özellikle uyakların etkisine bağladığı görülür. Cumhuriyet’ten sonra Güneş”, özellikle “Çınaraltı” dergilerinde sık sık şiirleri çıkan Kuntay'ın bu evre ürünlerinde, ırkçı eğilimlerin ağır basması nedeniyle, II. Dünya Savaşı'na Hitler'e yandaş olarak katılmak isteyenlerle aynı çizgide görünmüştür.

İ


II. Abdülhamid'in Meşrutiyet ve Mütareke dönemlerini yansıttığı “Üç İstanbul” (1938) romanı, şiirlerinden daha geniş ilgiyle karşılanmıştır. Kırkı aşkın kişinin sergilendiği romanda, olaylar, Adnan, Süleyman, Belkıs çevresinde oluşur. Askerin oğlu olan Adnan'ın yetiştiği yıllar, erişkin yaşları, İttihat ve Terakki'ye girişiyle başlayan siyasal yaşamı çerçevesi içinde imparatorluğun yıkılış dönemi belli çevre ve kurumlarda kümelenen insanlarla verilmek istenir. “Romanda olaylar, genellikle konaklarda ve yalılarda geçer. Sokak yoktur. Sokağın bulunmadığı yerde, elbette halk da yoktur. Bu nedenle de çürüyen toplum içinde serpilip gelişmekte olanı göremez.” Günün adamı olmak isteyen Adnan, aşklarında bile çıkarlarına bağlı bir kararsızdır. Ama her döneme uygun adam olmanın ustası olarak görünür. “Üç İstanbul”un en önemli yanının, yazarın, roman kişilerini yaratmadaki başarısı olduğu genellikle kabul edilmiştir.

x}zwqoyj~ YT|tx|u|s{z~ z|y|p{~ n|z{tE~ Oy|ex{_v|~ uctmy~ Cy}zpwk$ V}qv}yb}l}_v}~v|t{y~[xt}z$X Iot}zwzwz~ i|hs{e{~ vcz|tv|~ q}l}ztwl~ cz|tx{~ ox}qx}y}~ uwp}~ ox}y}u v|e{z{x{qoyj~ @z|tx{~ n{y~ s}y{dp|x~ pmy|a{z~ ox}qx}ywzwz~ yot}zv}~ g|y{xt|p{ ourt}~k|gu{z{~}yswywqoyj~M4G5~V}yn{~{x|~n}lx}q}z~yot}zv}~v{uu}s~h|u|z~n{y hou~ s}y{dp|x~ ox}q~ g}yj~ [nvmxd}t{s~ vcz|t{zv|~ u{s}b~ q}uwxt}pwf~ vcz|t{z n}puwawf~i|y{a{~qczmzm~p|yi{x{qoyj~M4GG~qwxwzv}~n{y~iyrb~Oyt|z{~s}y}\wzv}z Kpt}zxw~]}zu}pw_zwz~{li}x{~YOyt|z{~{ds{x}x{X~ox}y}u~g|y{x{qoyj~5M~T}ys~ox}qw ox}y}u~ n{x{z|z~ i|y{a{~ }q}ux}zt}~ {Ps{d}s~ S|yy}uu{_q|~ n}exw~ oyvrzrz~ nrzr n}pswyt}pw~q|y}xwqoyj~Lmzmtmkv|~toxx}x}ywz~mpsx|zv{e{~C}s{d_s|~o~pmy|hs|~v| toxx}x}ywz~mpsx|zt{l~oxvrerzr~icymqoyrkj~<}z}uu}x|~p}g}lwf~W}ywu}twl_s} Kpt}zxw~oyvrprzrz~g|yv{e{~nmqmu~u}qwbx}y~g|~p}g}lwz~qwuwtx}ywzw~yot}zv} icy|n{x{qoyrkj~Out|u~nrx}t}vwew~{h{z~{pq}z~|v|zx|yf~p}g}lw~\wyp}s~n{x{b~gry` irz~ q}b}zx}y~ yot}zv}~ v}~ byox|s}yq}zwz~ tma}v|x|p{zv|~ MG+=_xw~ qwxx}yv}z n}lx}qwb~.=~qwx~noqrza}~cz|tx{~n{y~q|y{~ox}z~N}l}n}dh|~a}t~\}ny{u}pwzwz Kpt}zxw~ k}t}zwzv}~ n{y~ pmy}d{~ \}ny{u}pw~ ox}y}u~ uryrxvrerzr~ cey|z{qoyrkj Lmzmtmkv|~d}x}~nryJrg}~p|ts~ox}z~F{l}zs}lw_zwz~o~k}t}zx}yv}~v}~k|zi{z` x|y{z~p|ts{~ox}y}u~uryrxvrerz}~s}zwu~oxrqoyrkj~Zmyv{ps}z~{pt{z{z~urxx}zwx` t}pw~ v}~ v{uu}s~ h|u{qoyj~ R{z|~ o~ qwxx}yv}~ q}l}z}z~ ichx|y~ g|~ trd}a{yx|y{z vryrtr~}zx}swxwqoyj [zx}swx}z~pmy|h~nryJrg}k{z{z~imhx|zt|q|~n}lx}vwewf~|su{zx{u~uryt}q} n}lx}vwew~ n{y~ pmy|hs{yj~ [vz}z~ }s}{ps~ n{y~ u{l{j~ U{z|~ u}ylwf~ n}ez}kxwe}~ u}ylw pckx|y~g|~vmlmza|x|y|~~hou~q|yv|~y}psxwqoyrkj~Iot}zv}~n}ez}kxwu~|x|ls{y{p{ q}qiwz~ox}y}u~icymxmqoyj~Y]}zu}~}h}t}kpwzwkB~<mzum~\}{k~d}y}t$~V}xnru{ n}zu}~\}{k~v|t|us{y~|\|zv{tXj~]r~pckx|y~p|yt}q|~n{y{u{t{~pmy|a{zv|~nryJr` g}k{z{z~ czmzv|u{~ |zi|xx|y{~ }lt}~ h}n}pwzw~ n|x{ys{qoyj~ Kpt}zxw~ \|ov}x~ |i|` t|zx{e{zv|~v{z{~uryrtx}y~v}~{us{v}y~oys}ew~oxvrer~{h{z~nryJrg}k{z{z~d|v|` \{v{yj~U{e|y~q}zv}z~v}~u}b{s}x{ps~i|x{lt|v|~n{x{t{z~my|s{tv|~q|y}xt}pwqx} v{z~nmqmu~n{y~poyrz~oxrlsryryj~]ryJrg}k{z{z~v{z|~qcz|x{u~|x|ls{y{x|y{qx|~v{z{ u|zv{~hwu}yx}ywqx}~rqrtxr~d}x|~i|s{yt|q|~n}lx}yj~C|ov}x{kt{z~s}p\{q|p{~{h{z v{z~g|~i|y{a{x{e|~qcz|x{u~|x|ls{y{~my|s{t~pmy|a{zv|u{~|zi|xx|y{z~}lwxt}pw~v{z{ u|p{t{z~{us{v}y~oys}ew~oxt}us}z~hwu}ywxt}pwzw~}t}hx}yj ]ryJrg}k{~u|zv{~i|x{l{t{~pmy|a{zv|~[gyrb}_qw~cyz|u~}xwyj~]{y~hou~q|yv| [gyrb}xw~ q}k}yx}yv}zf~ n{x{t~ {zp}zx}ywzv}z~ }xwzswx}yf~ ozx}y}~ iczv|yt|x|y q}bwxwyj~ Cy}zpwk~ v|gy{t{zv|z~ pck|v{x{qoyj~ ]ryJrg}k{z~ [gyrb}_v}u{ i|x{lt|x|y{~cyz|u~}xt}pw~u|zv{p{z|~v}q}z}u~oxrlsryt}~h}n}pwvwyj~[gyrb}_v} |i|t|z~ox}z~nryJrg}~pwzw\wz~n{y~hou~qczmqx|~cyz|u~}xwzt}pwf~ozx}y~i{n{~{us{` v}y~{ps|t{z|~{l}y|s~|v{qoyj [zx}swx}zx}yv}z~ q}k}ywz~ vcz|t{z{z~ nryJrg}~ q}k}yx}ywzwz~ n{y{u{t{z| {x|y{~vmk|qv|~p}d{b~oxvrer~}zx}lwxwqoyj [uwl~ {h|y{p{zv|~ vcz|t{z~ pwzw\x}y~ {x{lu{p{~ g|~ pwzw\~ }qywtwzwf~ pwzw\~ }qyw` a}xwux}ywzw~ }zx}stwlj~ [vz}z_wz~ V{v}q|s~ {x|~ s}zwlswew~ g|~ |g{z|~ i{v|zx|yv|z oxvrerzr~cey|z|z~h}xwlswew~i}k|s|z{z~p}d{n{~d}\s}xwewz}~k}t~q}bwqoyj~T|vq} p}d{bx|y{z{z~v|gx|s~}v}tx}yw~g|~q}uwzx}yw~u}ylwpwzv}u{~hwu}yx}yw~i|y|e{~z}pwx v}gy}zvwux}ywzw~o~imzv|z~nrimz|~pmy|z~v}gy}zwlx}yw~ickx|y~czmz|~p|y{x{qoyj Kpt}zxw_zwz~ poz~ vcz|tx|y{zv|u{~ hmymt|~ g|~ qokx}lt}~ }zx}swxwyu|z hcu|z~n{y~p{ps|t{z~pozrvry~}zx}swx}zj~C|ov}x{kt{z~qwuwxwlw~v|e{l{u~qczx|y{qx| }us}ywxwqoyj~C|ov}x{ktv|~pwzw\~}qywtw~n{y~v|~[vz}z~{x|~Wmd|qx}_zwz~|gx|zt| h}n}x}ywzv}~ }zx}swxwyj~ [vz}z_wz~ poqrzv}~ b}l}~ qoup}~ Wmd|qx}~ {x|~ |gx|z` t|p{z{z~tmtumz~oxt}q}a}ew~uozrlrxryj~[vz}z_wz~v|v|p{z{z~v|v|p{~N}l} oxvrer~ cey|z{x{za|~ Wmd|qx}~ {x|~ }qzw~ pwzw\s}z~ oxvrer~ g|~ |gx|z|n{x|a|ux|y{ uozrlrxryj

42


F}py|ss{z~Voa}~\wuy}x}ywzv}~YR|~umyumt~q|X~v{q|y|u~}zx}swx}z~|x|ls{y{ yot}zv}~ }zx}swx}z~ vcz|tv|~ v|~ q}l}zwqoyj~ Z}gruf~ umyuxm~ b}xso~ g|~ n}kw i{qp{x|y{z~ nrxrzrx}z~ t}u}t~ g|~ k|zi{zx{ux|~ n}ew~ voeyr~ n{y~ l|u{xv| }us}ywxwqoyj~ Wwzw\xw~ sobxrtx}yv}~ {zp}zwz~ q}n}zawx}lt}pwzwz~ }zx}swtwj Z}gruf~umyuxm~b}xso~g|~b}d}xw~i{qp{x|y{~i{q|z~{zp}zx}y~v|e{lp|~v|~nrzx}yw d|y~ i{q|z~ Yp}qiw~ icy|zXf~ Ycz|tx{X~ n{y~ u{l{~ oxrqoyj~ ]r~ i{qp{x|y|~ {h{zv|u{ u{l{v|z~v}d}~cz|t~g|y{xv{e{~icymzsmpm~h|x{lu{q{~oys}q}~uoqrqoyj~Wctmymam pwzw\wz~n{y|qx|y{z{zf~t}u}t~p}d{bx|y{z{z~u|zv{x|y{zv|z~v}d}~hou~t}u}t~g| k|zi{zx{ux|y{z|~cz|t~g|y{xv{e{~icps|y{x{qoyj Y[z}v}z~voet}~hwbx}u~gmarvrzv}~hrg}xv}z~n{y~vozx}~i|k|zf~q}kwz imz|l~icn|e{zv|~voe}zf~uwlwz~u}y~icepmzmz~uwxx}ywz}~q}e}z~hwbx}u~[dt|sf }y}n}~b|za|y|x|y{zv|z~pou}e}~s}l}z~{b|uf~|xt}p~noxxrer~}y}pwzv}~nmpnmsmz hwbx}uswX~>pj~.G?j~]ry}v}~pwzw\~}qywtwzwz~n{y~}zx}swtw~g}yj~Oz~mpss|u{x|y~{x| |z~}xss}u{x|y~}y}pwzv}u{~rhryrtr~icy|n{x{qoyrkj~[qzw~}zx}swtv}~v{x~ox}y}u z|~u}v}y~imhxm~oxvrer~v}~icymxmqoyj~Yimz|l~icn|e{zv|~voe}zf~uwlwz~u}y icepmzmz~ uwxx}ywz}~ q}e}zX~ pckx|y{zv|~ ox}qx}ywzf~ oxirx}ywzf~ u{l{x|y{z~ z| u}v}y~|su{x|q{a{~}zx}sswewzw~icymqoyrkj Iot}zv}u{~s}y{dp|x~pmy|a{z~|z~cz|tx{~ox}qw~ox}z~MG=4~nryJrg}~>!cz Smyu?~ v|gy{t{z{z~ z}pwx~ q}ywv}~ u}xvwew~ icymxmqoyj~ U|gy{t{~ n}lx}swb~ poz` y}v}z~ uoyu}y}u~ pozrz}~ u}v}y~ i{v|t|q|zf~ uoyu}u~ nryJrg}k{q|~ vczml|z Smyu~nryJrg}k{p{z{z~nr~vryrtr~}zx}swtx}yv}z~hwu}yswx}n{x{yj~]rimz|~u}v}y pmy|z~uoyu}uxwew~v}d}~n}ls}z~oxrlsrer~imzx|yv|z~g|y{x{qoyj~]ryJrg}k{~MG=4 v|gy{t{zv|~Kpt}zxw~{x|~rkx}lwqoyj ]{y~vcz|t~yot}zwzwz~vcz|t{~|z~{q{~l|u{xv|~g|yt|p{~{h{z~smt~pwzw\x}yw g|~cz|tx{~pwzw\p}x~s}n}u}x}yw~}zx}st}pw~i|y|u{yj~Iot}z~nr~qczmqx|~|up{u` s{yj~ Ucz|t{z~ pctmymx|z~ pwzw\x}ywzwz~ |z~ cz|tx{x|y{~ ox}z~ ucqxmxmu~ g|~ {lh{ pwzw\w~v}~}zx}swxt}xwqvwj R}kwxvwew~qwxx}y~Smyu{q|_z{z~R}drv{x|y|~qcz|x{u~n}puwx}ywzwzf~Zmysx|y| qcz|x{u~ u}sx{}tx}ywzwz~ oxvrer~ qwxx}yj~ ]r~ ck|xx{e{~ yot}zv}~ R}drv{~ g| Oyt|z{x|y|~ qcz|x{u~ log|z{ps~ q}ux}lwtx}yv}~ icymxmqoyj~ N}yh}x}ztwl Kpt}zxw~pozy}pwzwz~Smyu~|i|t|z~}zx}qwlwvwy~nrj R|z{~oxrl}z~artdry{q|s~}zx}swxtwqoyj~]r~vcz|tv|~|pu{v|z~u}x}zx}yw |pu{z{z~ u}xwzswx}yw~ ox}y}u~ }zx}swxwqoyj~ [vz}z_wz~ [zu}y}_v}z~ i|x|z~ u{l{ u}ylwpwzv}u{~ q|z{xi{p{~ Drtdry{q|s_|~ cgim~ z{s|x{e{zv|v{yj~ Drtdry{q|s vcz|t{qx|~cza|u{~vcz|t~}y}pwzv}u{~{x{lu{~qou~p}qwxwqoyj Np{uoxoJ{u~ s}dx{xx|y~ yot}zv}~ pmy|ux{~ q}bwxwqoyj~ Np{uoxoJ{q{~ }zx}st}pw vcz|t~}hwlwzv}z~Smyu~|v|n{q}swzv}~|su{x{f~{x|y{~n{y~qcz|~p}d{b~oxvrerzr icps|y{qoyj~ [vz}z_wz~ d|y~ vcz|t~ d}zi{~ yrd~ d}x{zv|~ oxvrer~ vrqirx}ywzwz qoerzx}lt}pwf~ vrqirp}x~ h|x{lu{x|y~ q}l}t}pwf~ bp{uoxoJ{u~ s}dx{xx|y~ q}bt}pw yot}zw~imhx|zv{y|z~n{y~qczj YT}x{q|~ F}kwyw_zwz~ p|pp{k~ uoz}ewz}~ uwywu~ u}\|p{z~ v|x{e{zv|z~ x}u}qs icu~b}yh}pw~n{y~}grh~z|\|p~i{n{~i{y{qoyvrjX~]ry}v}~l{{yp|x~n{y~v{xx|~}zx}swt g}yj~]{y~l{{y~u{s}nw~v}~q}qwzx}ztwl~ox}z~q}k}ywz~yot}zv}~pckamux|y{~rps}xwu` x}~urxx}zt}pwf~u{t{~q|yx|yv|~l{{yp|x~n{y~}zx}swtx}~g|yt|u~{ps|v{e{z{~g|yt|` p{~d|t~ourt}~k|gu{f~d|t~v|~n{y~}uwawxwu~p}exwqoyj R}k}y~yot}zv}~u}y}us|yx|y{~uryir~ox}y}u~g|y{yu|z~cz|tx{~u{t{~ox}q g|~ {p{tx|y~ i|yh|u~ }vwqx}~ g|y{x{qoyj~ ]r~ qczmqx|~ s}y{d{~ n{xi{x|y~ g|y|z~ n{y yot}zj Iot}zx}yv}~|pu{~pckamux|y~v|g}txw~ourt}qw~koyx}lswywy~nr~yot}zv} v}~ |pu{~ pckamux|y~ g}yj~ Opu{~ pckamux|y{z~ d|t~ }k~ oxt}pw~ d|t~ v|~ q}k}ywz l{{yp|x~g|~}uwaw~v{x{~z|v|z{qx|~y}d}spwk~|st{qoyj Y1h~ Pps}znrxX~ cz|tx{~ n{y~ s}y{d{~ }zx}st}pwqx}f~ u{t{~ cz|tx{~ ox}qx}yw }yu}~bx}zv}~g|yt|p{qx|~}uwaw~v{x{qx|~k|gux|~ourzrqoyj

43

Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar stanbul'da doğdu (23 Haziran 1901). Ortaöğrenimini Vefa, Kerkük, Antalya Sultanilerinde, yükseköğrenimini Edebiyat Fakültesi’nde tamamladı. Erzurum, Konya, Ankara Liselerinde, Gazi Eğitim Enstitüsü'nde edebiyat öğretmenliği yaptı. İstanbul Kadıköy Lisesi’nde Edebiyat, Güzel Sanatlar Akademisinde Estetik, Sanat Tarihi öğretmenliğinden sonra, Edebiyat Fakültesi Türk dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümüne Yeni Türk Edebiyatı Profesörü oldu. Maraş'tan milletvekili seçildi. (1942-1946) Bir süre Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı müfettişliği ve akademideki eski görevinde çalıştıktan sonra Edebiyat Fakültesindeki kürsüne atandı. Son görevindeyken öldü (24 Ocak 1962) “Dergah”, “Milli Mecmua”, “Hayat”, “Görüş” dergilerinde çıkan ilk şiirleriyle tanındı. Ahmet Hamdi'nin romanlarında yaşamı eski ve değişmenin doğal sürecine girmiş olan İstanbul; insanları İstanbullular temsil eder. “Mahur Beste”de büyük kent köşk, yalı ve konak demektir. Eski yapılarda çökmekte olan İmparatorluğun soyluları ve yönetici katların bireyleriyle karşılaşırız. (...) Ahmet Hamdi'nin romanlarında ülkenin yüzyıla varan zaman dilimi içinde, halktan kişilere, emekçilere ya da sınıf savaşımına ilişkin sorunların yarattığı durumlara raslamak olası değildir.

İ


Kazanýmlarýný Halka Sunan Bir Romancý:

Suat DerviĹ&#x17E; GĂźngĂśr Gençay

Suat DerviĹ&#x;

sĂ˝l adĂ˝ Saadet olan Suat DerviĂž, gazetecilikle edebiyatĂ˝ birlikte çaĂ°rýÞtĂ˝rĂ˝r. Ă&#x2021;ĂźnkĂź edebiyatĂ˝n Ăśzellikle roman ve hikâye tĂźrlerinde verdiĂ°i eserlerin yanĂ˝ sĂ˝ra, onun çok baĂžarĂ˝lĂ˝ bir gazetecilik hayatĂ˝ da vardĂ˝r. Yaptýðý rĂśportajlarĂ˝n ve yazdýðý yazĂ˝larĂ˝n birçoĂ°u gazete kÜÞelerinde unutulmaya bĂ˝rakĂ˝lmýÞ olsa da, yazĂ˝ldýðý dĂśnemlerde oldukça ses getirmiĂž ve ilgi gĂśrmßÞtĂźr.

A

9[TacdaBagagj1ba`dajMiGOhZfg]h Wr}s~ U|yg{lf~ g}yxwuxw~ n{y~ }{x|z{z~ hoarer~ ox}y}u~ MG=.~ qwxwzwz~ M= [erpsop_r~MM~[erpsop_}~n}ex}q}z~\wyswz}xwf~icu~imymxsmxm~i|a|p{zv|f~Pps}z` nrxf~Zmhmuh}txwa}_v}u{~uclux|y{zv|f~}zz|p{z|~d{h~}aw~h|us{yt|v|z~vmzq}q} i|xt{ls{yj~ ]{y~ ]{k}zp~ T}z}pswyw~ mk|y{z|~ q}bwx}z~ nr~ |g{z~ vcys~ b|za|y|p{f ]oe}k_v}z~[v}x}y_}~u}v}y~rk}z}z~o~imk|x{t~t}zk}y}qw~ura}ux}t}us}vwyj ]|l{za{~b|za|y|~{p|~V}y|t~n}dh|p{zv|u{f~h|gy|p{~s}\x}zx}yx}~n|k|x{f~{h{~v| uwytwkw~ n}xwux}yx}~ voxrf~ \wpu{q|p{~ i|a|~ imzvmk~ lwywxv}q}z~ d}grk}~ n}ut}u` s}vwyj~ Zclus|~<|yu|k~ucu|zx{~{u{~v}vw~g}yvwyj~F{d}xf~Wr}s~U|yg{l_{zf~C|x|us|y {p|~}nx}pw~V}t{q|s_{z~v}vwpwvwyj~T}st}k|x~F|y~v|~d|y~{u{p{z{z~tmy|nn{q|` p{v{yj~ Uoe}qx}~ {h~ {h|~ g|~ y}d}s~ n{y~ oys}twz~ hoarer~ ox}z~ Wr}s~ U|yg{lf~ d|t b|yl|tn|q{~ art}q}~ n}ex}q}z~ i|a|~ voevrerf~ d|t~ v|~ ~ [t}pq}_v}~ mzmzm d)x)~ uoyrq}z~ Ogx{q}~ Sob}x~ V}s{b~ poqrzv}z~ i|xv{e{~ {h{zf~ rery~ i|s{y|z~ n{y hoaru~ox}y}u~n|z{tp|zv{j~ ]}n}pwf~mq|p{~oxvrer~i{kx{~!cz~Smyux|y~S|lu{x}sw~s}y}\wzv}zf~v}ewswxt}u mk|y|~qrysvwlwzv}z~iczv|y{x|z~q}qwzx}yw~Wr}s~U|yg{l_{z~q}s}ew~}xswz}~p}ux}` t}u~koyrzv}~u}xwyj~<mzum~qcz|s{t~s}y}\wzv}z~s|gu{\}s~n}lx}swxtwlswyj~Wr}s U|yg{l~ v|f~ p}ux}t}~ {lx|t{z{z~ q}bwxvwew~ imzf~ p}ux}z}z~ i{kx{~ q}qwzx}ywz mk|y{zv|~voe}yj [zz|p{f~ Wrxs}z~ [nvmx}k{k_{z~ t}n|q{za{x|y{zv|z~ Z)t{x~ ]|q~ {x|~ i|z| [nvmx}k{k_{z~p}y}qx}ywzv}z~ox}z~N|y|zp}k~V}zwt_wz~uwkw~V|pz}_vwyj~V|pz} V}zwtf~oz~}xsw~q}lwzv}~yot}z~q}kt}q}~n}lx}twlf~[dt|s~V}l{t_{z~doa}pw ox}z~ :|u{b~ ]|q_v|z~ Smyuh|~ g|~ Ov|n{q}s~ v|ypx|y{~ }xtwlswyj~ Wboy~ q}bt}qw p|g|zf~b{q}zo~h}x}z~g|~|x{zv|z~u{s}nw~vmlmyt|q|z~n{y~d}zwtvwyj ]}n}pw~Ppt}{x~U|yg{lf~Z{tq}i|y~Tml{y~U|yg{l~N}l}~{x|~Ny|zp|p~7|qz|b V}zwt_wz~a}y{q|x|y{zv|zf~n}l~n}x|y{z~:|gu{v{~V}zwt_wz~oexrvryj~Z|zv{p{z{ voeryryu|z~ u}z~ u}qnwzv}z~ }zz|p{z{~ q{s{y|z~ Ppt}{x~ U|yg{lf~ n|l~ qwx~ pozy} n}n}pwzw~ v}~ u}qn|v{za|f~ [nvmxd}u~ V}t{v_{z~ }e}n|q{~ [nvmxd}u~ F}prd{ ]|q_{z~|l{~ox}z~nmqmu~}nx}pw~C|y{v|~V}zwt~s}y}\wzv}z~nmqmsmxtmlsmyj~ !cz~ Smyux|y~ S|lu{x}sw_zv}z~ pozy}~ Pss{d}s~ g|~ S|y}uu{~ Cwyu}pw_zwz~ mq|p{ ox}z~ Ppt}{x~ U|yg{l_{zf~ n{y{~ |yu|u~ mhm~ uwkf~ vcys~ hoarer~ oxtrlsryj~ Kexr C|y{vrzf~umhmu~q}ls}~cxtmlf~F|py{zf~oz~q|v{~q}lwzv}qu|zf~p|gv{e{~b{xosrz |gx{~ oxvrerzr~ cey|z{za|~ {zs{d}y~ |st{ls{yj~ [nx}pw~ V}t{q|s~ {p|f~ ~ cxmza|q| u}v}y~Wr}s~U|yg{l_|~v|ps|u~oxtrlsry~~ ;dcjffefjLhj=P_bjFfcbh` Wr}s~ U|yg{l_{z~ {xu~ mymzm~ f~ M5`M6~ q}lx}ywzv}~ {u|z~ q}kvwew~ YV|k|q}zX }vxw~ t|zpry~ >vmk~ q}kw~ l{{yv{y?jZ|zv{p{f~ nr~ {xu~ mymzmzmz~ q}qwzx}zt} cqumpmzmB~Y]|z~q}kwx}ywtw~u{tp|q|~icps|yt|kf~i{kx|yv{tj~]{y~imz~z}pwxp} t}p}zwz~mpsmzv|~rzrstrlrtj~F)kwt~V{ut|sf~uotlrtrk~g|~}yu}v}lwtwkvwj ]}n}tx}~n}n}pw~hou~vops~oxvrux}yw~g|~d|y~imz~}{x|a|~n|y}n|y~nrxrzvrertrk

44


{h{zf~d|y~k}t}z~n{k{t~|g|~i|x{yv{j~]|z{t~t|us|bs|~oxvrert~n{y~p}}ss|~n{k| i|xt{lf~ t}p}zwz~ mpsmzv|~ nrxvrer~ q}kwtw~ ourtrlf~ hou~ n|e|zt{lf }zz|a{e{tv|z~{k{z~}x}y}uf~ozr~n|zv|z~i{kx{~n}pswyt}u~{h{z~q}zwz}~}xtwlj F)kwt~o~k}t}z~s}zwztwl~g|~p|g{x|z~n{y~l}{yv{j~YV|k|q}zX~n}lxwuxw~nr~l{{y{f pozy}v}z~hou~p|gv{e{t~n{y~vopsrt~ox}z~Rrpr\~7{q}~Kys}h_}~g|yt{lj~K~v} nrzr~n|e|z|y|uf~Y[x|tv}y~L}k|s|p{Xz{z~u|zv{~{v}y|~|ss{e{~|v|n{~zmpd}pw` z}~uoqtrl~g|~n|z{~v|~YSmyu~|v|n{q}swzwz~icux|y{z|~voe}z~q|z{~n{y~qwxvwkX v{q|~s}zwstwljX~v{q|y|u~}zx}swyj~Kqp}~F)kwt~V{ut|sf~nr~i|zh~uwk}f~l{{y{z{ q}qwzx}st}v}z~hou~cza|~}lwu~oxtrl~g|~MGM0~qwxwzv}~Wr}s~U|yg{l_|~{sd}\ |ss{e{~ YLcxi|p{X~ }vxw~ l{{y{z{~ q}ktwlswyj~ U}d}~ pozy}~ +~ V}k{y}z~ MGMG~ imzm mzxm~ Wrxs}z}dt|s~ T{s{zi{_z|~ n{yx{us|~ i{st{lx|yf~ V}x{v|~ Ov{b_{z~ uozrl` t}pwzw~v{zx|t{lx|yv{yj~]ry}v}~F)kwt~V{ut|s_{z~p|gi{~vrqirx}yw~v}d}~v} b|u{lt{lf~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l~ {p|~ V}x{v|~ Ov{b_{~ Yickx|y{z{~ }h}z~ u}vwzX~ ox}y}u s}zwtx}twlswyj~ @k|x~ cey|z{tx|y{~ pozy}pwzv}~ pwz}g}~ i{y|y|u~ n|xi|~ }x}z~ {u{~ u}yv|l{zf nrzv}z~ pozy}~ {kx|v{ux|y{~ qoxr~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l~ lcqx|~ }us}ywqoyB~ YK~ k}t}z} u}v}y~ck|x~cey|st|zx|yv|z~[gyrb}~tmk{e{~cey|zv{uj~1z{g|yp{s|~q|y{z|~v| ]|yx{z_|~Ws|yz{pad|p~Zozp|yg}soy{rt_}~i{ss{uj~W|p~]cxmtm_z|~i{yv{uj~]rz} p|n|bf~}{x|t{k{z~Z}t{x~]|q_v|z~i|x|z~n{y~trp{u{~{ps{v}vw~oxt}pw~g|~n{xd}p` p}~ uwk~ u}yv|l{t{z~ p|p{z{z~ z}v{y~ nrxrz}z~ n{y~ p|p~ oxt}pw~ {v{j ]mqmux|y{t{kv|z~ i{kx{f~ mz{g|yp{s|q|~ i|hs{tj~ Ov|n{q}s~ \}umxs|p{z| n}lx}vwt~}t}~q}kwx}ywtwz~hou~i|zh~q}lwtv}~icyvmem~y}en|sf~n|z{~lwt}ys` sw~i}x{n}f~v|ypx|y|~v|g}t~|st|v{tjX ]cqx|a|f~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l~ u}x|t{z{z~ |v|n{q}s~ }x}zwzv}u{~ qoxarxrer~ dwk u}k}zt}q}~n}lx}yj Sai`jYheLfU@fgjQ]hWf^i`jI[dTadaBa MGA=~ qwxwzv}f~ d|zmk~ oz~ n|l~ q}lwzv}~ {u|z~ YZ}y}~ Z{s}bX~ }vxw~ yot}zw q}qwzx}ztwlf~ MGA5~ qwxwzv}~ {p|f~ YF|~ ]{y~ W|p~ F|~ ]{y~ F|\|pXf~ YV{hn{y{Xf Y[dt|s~ C|yv{Xf~ Y]|d{a|_z{z~ S}x{bx|y{X~ }vx}ywzv}~ vcys~ yot}zw~ v}d} n}pwxtwlswyj~M4~q}lwzv}~n{y~i|za{zf~mh~qwxv}~vcys~u{s}b~my|st|p{f~ick~}yvw |v{x|a|u~n{y~ox}q~v|e{xv{yj~F{s|u{t~vcz|t{z~czv|~i|x|z~q}k}yx}ywzv}z~n{y ncxmtm~u}qwspwk~u}xt}twlf~Wr}s~U|yg{l_s|z~g|~yot}zx}ywzv}z~cgimqx|~pck |st{lx|yv{yj~ [za}uf~ ozv}z~ pozy}~ d{h~ u{tp|f~ }vwzw~ }zt}kf~ {k{z{~ vmyt|k oxtrlsry~F|~u{f~Wr}s~U|yg{lf~{z}zwxt}pw~imh~n{y~dwkx}~yot}z~h}xwlt}x}ywzw pmyvmytmlsmyj~U}d}~pozy}f~YC}st}_zwz~Lmz}dwX~>MGA6?f~Y]|z~t{X~>MGA6?f YLczmx~ L{n{X~ >MGA4?f~ YOt{z|X~ >MG5M`MG6M?f~ YV{hX~ >MG5G?f~ YF{h{z Wogq|sx|y~]{yx{e{_z{z~UopsrqrtX~>MG66?f~Y<wxiwz~L{n{X~>MG6.?f~YCop\oyxr D|gy{q|X~>MG+4?f~Y[zu}y}~T}dbrprX~>MG+4?~}vxw~u{s}bx}yw~hwutwlswyj @xmtmzv|z~ pozy}~ v}~ Y[up}y}q_v}z~ ]{y~ N|y{d}zX~ >MGG0?~ {x|~ 7|dy} Soup}~ s}y}\wzv}z~ v|yx|z|z~ d{u}q|x|y{z{~ {h|y|z~ Y]{y~ R}k~ L|a|p{f ]{yn{y{t{k{z~@yz|e{q{kX~>MGG4?~~q}qwzx}ztwlswyj~ L}k|s|x|yv|~ s|\y{u}~ |v{xv{e{~ d}xv|~ u{s}bx}lt}twl~ yot}zx}yw~ {p|~ lrz` x}yvwyB YWrxs}zwz~Z}ywx}ywX~S|tbo~L}k|s|p{`~]|yx{z~>MG5M`~MG5A?f~Woz~Nops} >MG5.`MG5+?f~ Vmyp|p~ >MG.A?~ *~ YKzr~ ]|ux{qoyrtX~ Drtdry{q|s~ >MG56` MG5.?~*~YKzx}yw~]|z~@xvmyvmtX`Woz~Nops}~>MG56`MG5+?~*~Y]}n}~KerxX` Woz~ Nops}~ >MG56`MG5+?~ *~ Y]r~ Iot}z~ Kx}z~ :|qx|y{z~ Iot}zwvwyX`S}z >MG50?~ *~ YPps}znrx_rz~ ]{y~ L|a|p{X`~ V}n|y~ >MG54`MG5G?~ *~ Y]{k~ 1h~ Zwk Z}yv|l{kX~ `~ Woz~ S|xiy}\~ >MG66`MG6.?~ *~ YZ|zv{z|~ S}b}z~ Z}vwzX`Woz S|xiy}\~ >MG66`MG6.?~ *~ Y]mqmu~ [s|lX`~ Woz~ Nops}~ >MG60`MG64?~ *~ YR}by}u Zwbwyv}t}pwzX`~Vmyp|p~>MG.=?~*~YR|z{v|z~R}l}q}n{xp|qv{uX~ >MG.=`MG.M? *~Y:o\cy~Trps}\}X~g|~YWwzwy~I|tk{q|X

45

Ankara Hükümeti’ni temsilen Ýstanbul Hükümeti’yle 19 Ekim 1922 tarihinde görüþmeye gelen Refet Bele Paþa ile ilk konuþmayý yapan gazeteci Suat Derviþ’tir. Ýlk kez kendisinin baþlattýðý uygulamayla 1926 yýlýnda “Ýkdam Gazetesi”nde “Kadýn Sayfasý” düzenlenmiþtir. Daha sonra bu yöntem birçok gazete tarafýndan da benimsenerek gelenekselleþtirilmiþtir. Avrupa’ya giden ilk kadýn muhabir olan Derviþ, Alman gazetelerinde, her yazýsý için telif ücreti alarak fýkra, makale, ve öyküler yayýnlamýþtýr. 1953 yýlýna kadar hemen hemen tüm Ýstanbul gazetelerinde imzasýna rastlanan Suat Derviþ, yazmaya baþladýðý anýlarýný, ne yazýk ki tamamlayamadan aramýzdan ayrýlmýþtýr. Ama ölmeden önce, o da “ben kimim” sorusunu kendine sormuþ ve bunu yanýtlamaya çalýþmýþtýr.


S|\y{u}~ |v{x|z~ yot}zx}ywz~ n}kwx}yw~ v|e{l{u~ q}qwz|gx|y{~ s}y}\wzv}z~ p}swz }xwztwlp}~v}~u{s}b~ox}y}u~q}qwzx}zt}twlswyj~Wr}s~U|yg{lf~s}ut}~}vx}yx}~q}kvwew q}kwx}ywz~vwlwzv}~V|zy{~]}ynrpp|f~T}yad|x~Ny|gopsf~Ovi}y~3}xx}a|f~V|yt}zz Wrv|yt}zzf~ T{d}{x~ :oxodo\f~ D|a{x~ W}{zs~ ;}ry|zsf~ N{s{iy{xx{f~ g|~ [i}sd} Ddy{ps{|_v|z~q}bswew~h|g{y{x|yx|~|v|n{q}swtwk}~u}suw~prztrlsryj

Hüseyin Rahmi Gürpınar smanlı İmparatorluğunun çöküş döneminde, yıkılışın birey, aile ve toplum üzerindeki etkilerini yansıtan romanlarıyla, çağdaş edebiyatımızın büyük dönemeçlerinden biri sayılan Hüseyin Rahmi, İstanbul'da doğdu (17 Ağustos 1864). Düzgün bir eğitim yapamadı. Dönemin ortaokul düzeyindeki rüştiyelerinden birinde okurken falakaya yatırıldığı için bir süre okula gitmedi. Özel ders alarak Fransızcaya başladı. Daha sonra sınavla Mahreci Ahkam okulunun ikinci sınıfına alındı. Oradan Mülkiye Mektebi'nin lise bölümüne geçti. İkinci yılında ciğerlerinden hastalanması nedeniyle bu okuldan da ayrılmak zorunda kaldı. İlk gençliğinde bir süre Ticaret Mahkemesinde mülazimlik, Nafia Nezareti Kaleminde çevirmenlik yapan Hüseyin Rahmi, ilk romanı Şık Ahmet Mithat efendinin Tercüman-ı Hakikat gazetesinde tefrika edilmeye başlandıktan sonra (23 Şubat 1888) yazarlık mesleğine geçti. Ahmet Rasim ile birlikte çıkardıkları “Boşboğaz” adlı mizah gazetesinin mahkemece kapatılması üzerine kendisini roman yazmaya verdi. Cumhuriyet döneminde Kütahya'dan milletvekili seçilerek parlamentoya girdi. İstanbul'da öldü (8 Mart 1944).

O

Sai`jYheLfUj)Ofg 1xu|t{kv|~Wr}s~U|yg{l_x|~{xi{x{~{xu~u}bp}txw~q}kwf~q}bswew~pcqx|l{v|z~pozy} 7{dz{~ [z}vox~ s}y}\wzv}z~ u}x|t|~ }xwztwl~ g|~ [xb}q~ Z}n}a}xw_zwz~ hwu}yt}us} oxvrer~YL|yh|ux|y~Nops}pwXzwz~Oqxmx~MG+0~s}y{dx{~MM`MAj~p}qwpwzv}~YWr}s~U|yg{l {x|~Zozrlt}x}yX~}vwqx}~q}qwzx}ztwlswyj~]r~q}kw~uwpt|z~v|~oxp}~|su{p{z{~icps|y` t{lf~|z~}kwzv}z~|v|n{q}s~s}y{dh{x|y{f~pckxmu~g|~}zsoxoJ{~vmk|zx|q{a{x|y{f~v|y{z~n{y {za|x|t|~q}bt}p}x}y~v}f~}vwz}~n{y~t}vv|~}ht}u~koyrzv}~u}xtwlf~icyt|kv|z i|x|t|t{lx|yv{yj~MG66~g|~MG6.~qwxx}ywzv}~i}k|s|x|yv|~s|\y{u}~|v{x|z~Y7|qz|b Ph{z`[zu}y}~T}dbrprX~g|~YCop\oyxr~D|gy{q|X~yot}zx}ywzwz~MG+4~qwxwzv}~T}q R}qwzx}yw~s}y}\wzv}z~q}qwzx}zt}pwf~}yvwzv}z~YCop\oyxr~D|gy{q|Xq{~n|q}kb|yv` |q|~ g|~ p}dz|q|~ }us}yt}~ i{y{l{t{f~ }vwzwz~ imza|xx|lt|p{z{~ p}ex}vwqp}~ v}f~ nr p}d{bx|zt|~rkrz~k}t}z~pmyt|t{ls{yj~ @yz|e{z~D|gv|s~Zrvy|s_{z~Aj~]}pwtw~Z}pwt~MG0=~s}y{d{zv|~q}bwx}z~YSmyu Ov|n{q}swzv}~ V{u)q|~ g|~ Iot}z~ >M4.G`MG.G?~ T|lyrs{q|s_s|z~ Drtdry{q|s_| Z}v}yX~}vxw~{za|x|t|p{zv|~[u}~Lmzvmk~g|~Wr}s~U|yg{l_{z~|p|yx|y{z{9~Y1k|y` x|y{zv|~ vryt}qw~ i|y|ux{~ icyt|v{e{t{k~ q}bwsx}yX~ ox}y}u~ v|e|yx|zv{yt|us|v{yj U{e|y~|v|n{q}s~s}y{dh{~g|~}y}lswyt}awx}ywzwz~s}gyw~v}~D|gv|s~Zrvy|s_{zu{zv|z \}yuxw~v|e{xv{yj~]{yu}h~u{l{q{~nr~q}yiwzwz~vwlwzv}~srs}yp}uf~v{e|yx|y{z{z~v|f~Wr}s U|yg{l_{z~ i|y|u~ u{l{x{e{f~ i|y|u~ |p|yx|y{f~ i|y|up|~ |qx|tx|y{~ uozrprzv}~ v|y{z` x|lt|t{lf~ i|y|ux{~ }y}lswyt}~ g|~ {za|x|t|q{~ q}bt}twl~ oxvrerzr~ icymymkj U}d}pwf~q}kwz~}x}zwzv}~icymx|z~nr~{z}shw~{xi{p{kx{u~g|~icyt|kv|z~i|xt|f~}ewy n{y~d}g}~s}n}u}pw~i{n{~imzmtmkv|~v|~g}yxwewzw~vrqrtp}st}us}vwyj~Wr}s~U|yg{l }vwzwf~n{y~u}\|p|~u{x{sx|t|z{z~q}~v}~nr~qoxv}~rey}l~g|yt|z{z~|xn|ss|~n{y~}zx}tw g|~ z|v|z{~ oxt}xwj~ ]rzrz~ z|v|zx|y{z{~ hckmtx|q|n{xt|u~ {h{z~ wlwxv}ewtwkwf q}l}vwew~uolrxx}yx}~nmsmzx|ls{`y|y|u~U|yg{l_{z~mk|y{z|~h|g{y|x{tj Sai`jYheLfU@fgj)cfjY5ghbfj Wr}s~U|yg{l_{z~d|t~ck|xf~d|t~v|~p}z}sp}x~q}l}twzv}~{u{~cz|tx{~vcz|t g}yvwyj~ Trps}\}~ Z|t}x_{z~ s|qk|p{z{z~ oexr~ ox}z~ I|l}s~ Cr}s~ ]}y}z|y_x|~ |gx{` x{e{z{z~cza|p{~g|~pozy}pwj~U}d}~cza|~W|x}t{~Pkk|s~W|v|p~g|~F{k}t|ss{z~F}k{\ S|b|v|x|zx{oexr~{x|~|gx{x{u~q}b}z~Wr}s~U|yg{lf~MG6=~qwxwzv}~I|l}s~Cr}s~]}y}z|y {x|~|gx|z{yj~I|l}s~Cr}s9~Pps}znrx~1z{g|yp{s|p{_zv|~ourtrlf~Smyu~S}x|n|~]{yx{e{ ]}lu}zxwew~q}btwlf~[qvwzxwu~L}k|s|p{_zv|~q}kwx}y~q}ktwlswyj~U}d}~pozy}~u{tq} cey|z{t{~ {h{z~ [xt}zq}_q}~ i{v|z~ ]}y}z|yf~ oy}v}~ Wb}ys}u{ps~ d}y|u|s{z| u}swxtwlswyj~Topuog}~;|z{z~[u}v|t{p{_zv|~T}yup{ps~ury}t~g|~|uozot{`box{` s{u~ cey|z{t{~ q}bswus}z~ pozy}~ Smyu{q|_q|~ vcz|y|uf~ SZN~ {h{zv|~ q|y~ }xtwlswyj ]}y}z|y_x|y{z~{xu~oys}u~|qx|t{f~YR|z{~Ov|n{q}sX~v|yi{p{z{~hwu}yt}u~oxtrlsryj L|yh{~v|yi{z{z~umzq|p{zv|f~p}d{n{B~F|y{t}z~V{ut|s~g|~hwu}y}z~Wr}s~U|yg{l ox}y}u~n|x{ys{xt{lp|~v|f~i|yh|us|~v|yi{f~SZN_z{z~x|i}x~ox}y}u~hwu}ysswew~n{y~q}qwz oyi}zwvwyj~I}p{d~Fry{~Px|y{f~nr~oxirqr~YR|z{~Ov|n{q}s`Wopq}x{ps~L|yh|uh{x{uX }vxw~u{s}n}~q}kvwewczpckv|B~~~~~ YWr}s~o~vcz|tv|~I|l}s~Cr}s~[e}n|q_{z~|l{~{v{~g|~poyirv}~s|u~hoarerzr vmlmyvmj~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l_{z~ v|yi{v|u{~ q}kwx}ywzwz~ n{y~ uwptw~ yot}z~ |x|ls{y{x|y{z{ u}bp}t}us}vwyf~ ozx}y~ mk|y{zv|~ vryt}q}a}ewtj~ U{e|y~ uwptw~ {p|~ uwp}~ ucl| q}kwx}ywvwyj~]rzx}ywz~>u{s}bs}?~}qyw~n{y~ncxmtm~g}yvwyj~<mzum~nrzx}y~I|l}s~Cr}s ]}y}z|y_{z~ qcz|s{t{zv|~ g|~ ozrz~ u}suwpw~ {x|~ q}kwx}zf~ b}ys{~ t{xs}zx}ywzwz |e{s{t{z|~qcz|x{u~v{v}us{u~q}kwx}yvwyj~]rzx}y~u{l{p|x~v|e{xf~b}ys{~q}kwx}ywvwyf~b}ys{

46


|t{y~g|~uozsyoxmzv|~u}x|t|~}xwztwlswy~g|~box{s{u~poyrtxrxrux}yw~N}ys{~L|z|x W|uy|s|y{~I|l}s~Cr}s~]}y}z|y_|~}{ss{yX~v|t|us|v{yj~ [qywa}~SZN~cza|~MG54~Z}pwt_wzv}~YW}z}s~Ov|n{q}s~WopqoxoJ{X~>WjOjW?f MG5G~V}k{y}z_wzv}~YR|z{~W}z}s~Ov|n{q}s~WopqoxoJ{X~>R|z{~WjOjWj?~v|yi{x|y{z{ hwu}ytwlswyj~YR|z{~Ov|n{q}sX~{p|~nr~pmy|a{z~n{y~v|g}twvwyj~ R{z|f~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l_{z~ YF{h{z~ Wogq|sx|y~ ]{yx{e{z{z~ UopsrqrtX~ }vwzw s}lwq}z~ u{s}bhwew~ {x|~ C}y{p~ Oyut}z~ {tk}xw~ YOz~ ]mqmu~ S|dx{u|`T{xx{~ Smyu U}g}pwz}~[quwyw~]{y~D|y|q}zwz~PhqmkmX~}vxw~u{s}bhwu~v}~SZN_z{z~i|y|up{zt| vrqt}pw~mk|y{z|f~x|i}x~n}pwz~uot{s|p{~s}y}\wzv}z~d}kwyx}ztwlf~y|v}up{qoz~g| q|z{v|z~u}x|t|~}xt}~{lx|t{z{~v|~I|l}s~Cr}s~]}y}z|y~i|yh|ux|ls{yt{ls{yj~F|~u{f b}ys{z{z~q}qwz~oyi}zw~oxt}pwz}~u}ylwz~YR|z{~Ov|n{q}sX~Smyu{q|_z{z~{xu~popq}x` {ps`i|yh|uh{~|v|n{q}s~v|yi{p{~ox}y}u~{lx|g{z{~q|y{z|~i|s{yt{lf~{x|y{a{~u}x|tx|y{z nmqmu~n{y~hoerzxrerz}~p}q\}x}ywzv}~q|y~~g|y|`y|u~vcz|t{z|~v}ti}pwzw~gry` trlsryj~ [za}u~ A+~ p}qw~ hwu}z~ v|yi{f~ M.~ Z}pwt~ MG6M_v|~ qcz|s{ta|~ u}b` }swxtwlswyj~ Vmumt|s{z~ F}k{~ [xt}zq}pw_zv}z~ q}z}~ n{y~ box{s{u}~ {kx|v{e{f~ S}z i}k|s|p{z{z~ ~ vwlwzv}u{~ v{e|y~ smt~ i}k|s|x|y{z~ dmumt|s{z~ q}zwzv}~ q|y~ }xvwew p}g}l~qwxx}ywzv}9~qouxru`qouprxxrux}~n{yx{us|~}qvwz~}gw~v}~pmyt|us|v{yj~ Z{l{x|y{z~s|u~s|u~}xwzwb~icsmymxt|x|y{z{z~q}zw~pwy}f~q|v|u~prn}q~ourxrz` v}~ cey|za{~ ox}z~ 7{q}~ Fry~ Oymz_mz~ MA~ :rn}s~ MG66~ imzm~ b}ys{~ n{xv{y{p{qx| q}s}ud}z|v|~q}u}x}zt}pw~pozrar~YMG66~S|gu{\}swX~n}lx}twlswyj~ MG6M~ qwxwzv}~ }pu|y|~ }xwz}zf~ MG6A~ qwxwzv}~ v}~ \{y}y~ |v|zf~ vcz|t{z~ b}ys{ i|z|x~ p|uy|s|y{~ I|l}s~ Cr}s~ {p|~ }pu|y~ u}h}ew~ oxvrer~ {h{z~ p}ux}zt}us}vwyj Srsrux}t}x}y~n}lx}vwus}z~pozy}~C}y{p~Oyut}z_wz~|g{z|~i{v|z~]}y}z|yf~|g{z ick|sx|zv{e{zv|z~lmbd|x|z{b~u|zv{~|g{z|~vczmza|f~|l{~Wr}s~U|yg{l_x|~n{yx{us| q}u}x}zwyj~Uryrlt}v}~p}gawf~I|l}s~Cr}s_w~[zu}y}~qcz|s{a{p{~ox}y}u~prhx}qwz` a}f~nr~icy|g{~V{ut|s~Ox{z~mpsx|z{yj~I|l}s~Cr}s_x}~7|u{~]}lswt}y~}y}pwzv}u{ {x{lu{q{~p}ex}q}z~Ird{~U|yg{l_{z~prhrzr~v}~Wr}s~U|yg{l~mpsmz|~}xwza}9~I|l}s Cr}s~G~qwx}f~Wr}s~U|yg{l~v|~4~}q}~dmumt~i{q|yx|yj~ HiUdiejIhefg]hgj4^ga^[ej MG.M~s|gu{\}swzwz~vryrlt}x}yw~MG.5~qwxwzv}~n}lx}yj~Wr}s~U|yg{l~v|~}qzw qwx~[gyrb}_q}~i{v|yj~MG+5~qwxwzv}~Smyu{q|_q|~vczmlmz|~v|u~i|h|z~pmy|~{h{zf z|~q}kwu~u{~|xv|~q|s|y{za|~n{xi{~g|~n|xi|~qousryj~R}xzwkf~Smyu{q|_v|~Y7|qz|b Ph{zX~ }vwqx}~ hwu}zf~ MG66`MG6.~ qwxx}ywzv}~ V}n|y~ i}k|s|p{zv|~ s|\y{u}~ |v{x|z Y[zu}y}~T}dbrprXzrf~{xu~t|sz{~v{uu}s|~}xt}v}z~q|z{v|z~q}kvwewf~u{s}nwzf u}yv|l{z{z~ h|g{y{p{qx|~ MG.0_v|~ N}y{p_s|f~ v}d}~ pozy}~ v}~ h|l{sx{~ [gyrb} mxu|x|y{zv|~ n}pwxvwew~ g|~ u|zv{p{z{z~ v|~ nr~ mxu|x|y{z~ v|yi{~ g|~ i}k|s|x|y{zv| q}kwx}y~q}kvwew~n{x{z{yj~ 0~ qwxf~ G~ }q~ a|k}~ }x}z~ I|l}s~ Cr}sf~ a|k}|g{zv|z~ hwuswus}z~ pozy}f~ cza| Z}y}ucq~ T{t}y~ V}zv}f~ v}d}~ pozy}~ Smz|x_v|~ }hswew~ Ys|yamt|~ nmyoprXzv}f [xt}za}f~ Irph}~ g|~ Cy}zpwka}_v}z~ h|g{y{x|y~ q}b}yj~ ]myopr~ pwu~ pwu~ box{p n}puwzwz}~rey}yj~Z}xb~uy{k{~i|h{yv{us|z~pozy}~i{v|y|u~p}exwew~nokrx}z~I|l}s Cr}sf~MG+4~qwxwzwz~[erpsop~}qwzv}~q}l}twzw~q{s{y{yj~Z}yv|l{~Wr}s~U|yg{l_{z }awpwzw~ b}qx}lt}u~ {h{z~ vmk|z{z{~ nok}y}u~ Smyu{q|_q|~ i|x|z~ }nx}pw~ V}t{q|s V}zwt~v}~ozrz~~|g{zv|f~qouprxxru~{h{zv|~d}q}s}~g|v}~|v|yj~ MG0=~qwxwz}~d|y~{u{~ickm~v|~n{yv|zn{y|~icyt|kx|l|z~Wr}s~U|yg{l_|f~}qzw qwx~ Topuog}_v}~ }t|x{q}s~ q}bwx}y}u~ ickmzmz~ n{y{~ p}exwe}~ u}grlsryrxryj [t|x{q}s~pozy}pw~Smyu{q|_q|~vcz|yu|z~]rxi}y{ps}z_}~rey}q}z~Wr}s~U|yg{lf oy}v}~C}dy{~Oyv{zh~g|~Pny}d{t~S}s}yxw~{x|~v|~icymlmb~}zwx}ywzw~}zx}swyj~V|y~{u{ q}k}ywzf~nr~}zwx}yw~v}~{h|y|z~n{y~n{h{tv|~n{yx{us|~d}kwyx}vwux}yw~YLckx|y{~W}yiwxw Z}vwzX~}vxw~q}kwf~MG45~qwxwzv}~Wo\q}_v}~q}qwzx}z}z~Y[s|l~<{ki{p{zv|~Z}vwz Pp{tx|y{X~}vxw~u{s}bs}~q|y~}xtwlswyj~

47

Hüseyin'in Rahmi'nin romanlarında en belirgin özellik, toplumsal hayatın değişme evrelerini genel çizgileriyle yansıtma gücüdür. Abdülhamid döneminde beyi, hanımı, züppe genç çocuğu, uşaklarıyla konak, alafranga özlemleriyle batıya öykünen mutlu azınlık... Meşrutiyet döneminde hayata çıkmaya başlayan küçük burjuva aratabakanın toplumsal ilişkilerdeki değişme karşısında geçirdiği sarsıntılar... I. Dünya Savaşı yıllarında açlıkla, sefaletle mücadele eden halk Mütareke yıllarında İstanbul'a “frenkistan” görünümü veren işbirlikçi burjuvazinin çıkarcı, düzenbaz, satılmış kişileri... Hüseyin Rahmi'nin romanlarında sergilenir. Hüseyin Rahmi'yi çağdaşlarından ayıran başlıca özellik, hayal ve icad ürünü olan soyut bir alem yaratmamasıdır. Sanatı toplum ve insan gerçeklerinden ayrı düşünmez. Doğayı ve hayatı inceler, dolaşır, görür. Önemli bulduğu olayları değiştirmeden yazar. Konusunu işleme aşamasına gelinceye kadar kişilerini gözlemeye çalışır.


HXecf^hjYhLefbTfjRi]_gdiejYheghBf Wr}s~ U|yg{l~ MG0=~ qwxwzv}~ t|tx|u|s|~ vczvm~ g|~ YSmyu{q|~ U|gy{ta{ Z}vwzx}y~U|yz|e{Xz{~uryvrj~Zryrar~mq|x|yB~W}}v|s~]}y}z|y~>Wr}s~U|yg{l?f F|ax}~@kimyf~O\x}z~[qs}hf~T|v{d}~@uh|x{uf~[p{q|~Ox{h{zf~F|y{t}z~V{ut|s @ks|u{zf~C{uy|s~Oxb|f~V}x|~@kimyf~Lmxs}k|~Oyv|tf~7j~]}qs}hf~W|g{t~Lmz}qf 7mx|qd}~ [qsmkf~ 7|dy}~ Oyl}zf~ 7mn|qv|~ <|s{z|yf~ :|zox~ Wcxbmu|yf~ Smx}q Zryz}kf~]{yp|z~]}xawu}yv|lx|y~}vxw~oz~q|v{~u{l{v|z~oxrltrlsrj~ Wr}s~ U|yg{lf~ 0~ T}ys~ MG0M~ imzm~ Umzq}~ U|touy}s{u~ Z}vwzx}y L|a|p{_zv|~}hwl~uozrlt}pwzw~v}~q}b}yj~[za}uf~v{e|y~ickmzmz~}t|x{q}sw~{h{z vousoyx}ywz~i|y|ux{~icyvmem~k}t}zw~n|ux|q|t|q|y|u~A5~S|ttrk~MG0A_v| Smz|x_v|u{~Wry{q|~V}zw_zv}~q}l}twzw~q{s{y{y

Memduh Şevket Esendal

<

oyxr8v}~ voHvr~ >M445?j Umkimz~ |H{s{t~ q}bt} ox}z}H^z^~ nrx}t}v^j L|zh~ q}Qs}f~ o~ i{kx{~ h}x^Qs^H^ vcz|tv|~ /ss{d}s~ g|~ s|y}uu{ D|t{q|s{8z|~ i{yv{~ >MG=+?j ]}n}p^z^z~ cxmtm~ mk|y{z| }{x|p{z{z~ i|h{t{z{~ p}Hx}t}u {h{z~ <oyxr8v}~ h{\sh{x{u~ q}bs^j /ss{d}s~ S|y}uu{~ C^yu}p^8z^z tm\|ss{Q{~ ox}y}u~ Irt|x{~ g| [z}voxr8v}~ i|kv{j~ ]}xu}z W}g}Q^~h^u^za}~}{x|p{qx|~n{yx{us| /ps}znrx8}~ ichsmx|yj~ Mj~ Umzq} W}g}Q^z}~u}s^xv^j~

S[gZ5PD Wr}s~U|yg{lf~nryJrg}~umxsmymqx|~q|s{lt{lf~]}swv}~|e{s{t~icytmlf~I|l}s Cr}s_x}~|gx|zv{us|z~pozy}~v}~q|y{z{~nrxtrl~n{y~p}z}shwvwyj~Pxu~yot}zx}ywzv} icymx|z~nryJrg}~nrz}xwtx}ywf~i{v|y|u~q|y{z{~|t|e|~g|~pwzw\~n{x{za{z|~nwy}u` twlswyj~]r~v|e{l{t~g|~vczmlmt~pozrarzv}u{~u}k}zwtx}yw~v}~d|t~q}l}twz}f d|t~v|~|p|yx|y{z|~q}zpwtwlswyj~ Wcqx|zt|us|z~ u}hwzwxp}~ v}~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l~ SZN_x{~ n{y~ p}z}shwvwyj~ L|y|u {v|oxoJ{p{~d|yu|p~s}y}\wzv}z~n{x{z|z~I|l}s~Cr}s_w~|l~ox}y}u~p|ht|p{qx|~q}b` swew~ s|ya{df~ i|y|up|~ b}ys{~ {h{zv|~ g|~ oyi}zx}ywzv}~ mpsx|zv{e{~ icy|gx|y~ nrzr }hwuh}~ oys}q}~ uoqt}us}vwyj~ [za}u~ Wr}s~ U|yg{lf~ z|~ b}ys{x{~ u{tx{e{z{~ ck|x q}l}zswpwzv}~ urxx}ztwlf~ z|~ v|~ u}n}~ n{y~ n{h{tv|~ ckimz~ mymzx|y{z|~ q}zpws` twlswyj~ [t}~ z|~ g}y~ u{~ mpsmzv|~ {tk}pw~ ox}z~ YF{h{z~ Wogq|sx|y~ ]{yx{e{z{z UopsrqrtX~}vxw~u{s}nwf~b}ys{z{z~oxvrer~u}v}y~u|zv{~vmlmza|x|y{z{~v|~{h|y` t|us|v{yj~MG6=~pozy}pw~q}bwsx}ywz}~n}uwxvwew~k}t}z~hoerzv}~yot}z~cyimpm {h{zv|~pwzw\~h|x{lu{x|y{z{~icyt|u~ox}pwvwyj~ Oi|t|z~pwzw\f~i|z|xx{ux|~u|zv{~{h{zv|z~hwu}z~v|e|yx|y{~q}f~u|zv{~d{kt|` s{z|~pou}y~q}~v}~|y{s|y|u~qou~|v|yj~F)kwt~V{ut|sf~I|l}s~Cr}s~]}y}z|y~i{n{ Wr}s~U|yg{l~v|~ncqx|p{~n{y~oxrtprkxrerz~vwlwzv}~u}x}z~p}z}shwx}yv}z~n{y{v{yj~ F)kwt~ V{ut|s~ i{n{~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l_{z~ v|~ p}z}swqx}~ {v|oxoJ{p{z{~ }qwyt}u {ps|q|z~ nryJrg}k{f~ nrzr~ n|a|y|t|t{ls{yj~ ]r~ z|v|zx|~ v|~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l_{ icyt|kv|z~i|xt|us|~g|~q}kwz~vmzq}pwzv}z~p{xt|u~{ps|t|us|v{yx|yj~ F|~g}y~u{f~}yswu~y|pt{~{v|oxoJ{z{z~nrqyrux}yw~}lwxtwlswyj~Kzrz~{h{z~nrimz Wr}s~U|yg{l~g|~|p|yx|y{f~\}umxs|x|yv|~qmup|u~x{p}zp~s|kx|y{z{z~uozrpr~oxt}u` s}vwyj~ ]r~ ox}z}ew~ nmqms|y|u~ i|y|u~ Wr}s~ U|yg{l_|f~ i|y|up|~ smt~ {x|y{a{ p}z}shwx}y}~p}d{b~hwut}uf~|t|us|z~q}z}~n{y~vmzq}~uryt}u~{ps|q|zx|y{z~icy|` g{~oxt}xwvwyj~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Z}qz}ux}yB #~Zwyuxw~Rwxx}yfI}p{d~Fry{~Px|y{fSmps}g`Pps}znrxf~A==A #~Z}y}~Z{s}b~>7|dy}~Soup}_z^z~@zpckmqx|?f~Kex}u~R}qwzjf~PpsjfMGG+ #~Wr}s~U|yg{l`~;{k~~]|dto}y}pf~I|tk{~Z{s}n|g{`~Pps}znrxf~A==4 #~R}ywpw~Iot}zf~Ppt|s~Zmyf~Og|y|ps~R}q^zjf~PpsjfA==+ #~ Smyu~ Ov|n{q}swzv}~ V{u)q|~ g|~ Iot}z~ >T|lyrs{q|ss|z~ Drtdry{q|s| Z}v}y?f~D|gv|s~Zrvy|sfPpsjf~MG0= #~Ov|n{q}swtwkv}~Pp{tx|y~Wckxmemf~]|dh|s~F|a}s{i{xf3}yxwu~R}qwzjf~Ppsjf MG4G #~L|yh|ux|y~Nops}pwf~Oqxmx~MG+0fW}qwB~MM`MA

48


GÖLGESÝ Suat Derviþ’e Aðlasa da gizliyor gözlerinin yaþýný; Bir kere eðemedim bu kadýnýn baþýný. Kaç kere sürükledi gururumu ölüme Fýrtýnalar yaratan benim coþkun gönlüme. Cevaplarý o kadar heyecansýz ki onun, Kaç kere iman ettim hiçliðine ruhunun. Kaç kere hissettim ki, yine bu gece gibi, Güzelliðin önünde, dolup, çarpmadý kalbi. Ne mehtabýn aksine yelken açan bir sandal, Ne de ayaklarýnda kýrýlan ince bir dal Onun taþtan kalbini sevdaya koþturmuyor, Bir çiçeðin önünde bir dakika durmuyor.. . Dönüyoruz yine biz bir uzun gezintiden Gönlümün elemini döküyorken ona ben, O bana kedisini, gülerek, naklediyor: “Bilseniz mavi boncuk nasýl yaraþtý”- diyor. Ya bu kadýn delidir, yahut ben çýldýrmýþým, Ben ki, birçok kereler kýrýlmýþým, kýrmýþým, Ömrümde duymamýþtým böyle derin bir acý; Birden onun yüzüne haykýrmak ihtiyacý Ýçimde alev alev tutuþu yangýn gibi, Bir dakika kendimin olamadým sahibi; Hiç olmazsa hýncýmý böyle alýrým, dedim, Yola maðrur uzanan gölgesini çiðnedim. Nâzým Hikmet

49

T

ms}y|u|v|~ [z}voxr_q} i|hs{j~ ]jTjTj~ Vmum` t|s{za|~ |xh{~ ox}y}u [k|yn|qa}z8}~ iczv|y{xv{j~ Zrysr` xrQ~ W}g}Q^8z^z~ n{s{t{zv|~ mxu|q| vczvmj~Z{t{~q}u^z~}yu}v}Qx}y^z^z /kt{y~ pr{u}ps^~ {x|~ {xi{x{~ icymz` t|x|y{~ mk|y{z|~ q|z{v|z~ |xh{x{ux| qrys~v^Q^z}~iczv|y{xv{j~]{x|a{u8s|z t{xx|sg|u{x{~ p|h{x|y|u~ b}yx|t|z` soq}~ i{yv{j~ ]r~ icy|g{~ p^y}p^zv} DVN8z{z~ i|z|x~ p|uy|s|yx{H{z{~ v| q}bs^j~ [zu}y}8v}~ cxvm~ >M+~ T}q^p MG.A?j


ANADOLU KÜLTÜREL DERÝNLÝKLERÝNDE HALÝKARNAS BALIKÇISI Atila OÐUZ

[

Halikarnas Balıkçısı stanbul'da doğdu (1886). Asıl adı Cevat Şakir Kabaağaç'tır. Orta öğrenimini Robert Kolej'de, yüksek öğrenimini Oxford Üniversitesi Yeni Çağlar Tarihi Bölümü’nde tamamladı. Ülkeye dönünce yazarlık, çevirmenlik, ressamlık yaptı. Asker kaçaklarıyla ilgili bir yazısı nedeniyle üç yıl Bodrum'da kalebentliğe hüküm giydi. Cezasının bitiminden sonra da uzun süre sürgün yerinde yaşadı. Kentin antik çağdan kalma değerlerinin ortaya çıkarılmasında büyük katkısı oldu. İzmir'e yerleşti. Fuarı çiçeklendirme işlerinde çalıştı. Turist rehberliği ve yazarlık yaparak yaşamını sürdürdü. Halikarnas Balıkçısı'nın ilk öykülerinin yayımlandığı dönemde, Sabahattin Ali ve Sait Faik, kent, kasaba, köy ilişkileri içindeki yeni insanı getirdiler. İkisi de ayrı yollardan değişik işleyiş yöntemlerine bağlı öykülerin oluşum koşullarını araştırıyorlardı. Bu yıllar sürekli olarak öykü yazan ünlü romancı Halit Ziya ile toplumcu gerçekçi sanatın kuramlarını koymaya çalışan Sadri Ertem'in edebiyatımızın bu yeni kan dolaşımı karşısında durağan, eski ve etkisiz kaldığını söyleyebiliriz.

İ

z}voxr~|v|n{q}swzwz~ucl|~s}lx}ywzv}z~n{y{~ox}z~s}y{dh{~q}k}y~D|g}s :}u{y~Z}n}}e}h~M4G=~v}~L{y{s_s|~vmzq}q}~i|xv{j~]|l~q}lwz}~u}v}y n}n}pwzwz~ icy|g{~ i|y|e{~ [s{z}_v}~ q}l}vwf~ v}d}~ pozy}~ Pps}znrx ]mqmu}v}_q}~i|hs{j~Rmup|u~cey|z{t{z{~Pzi{xs|y|_v|~K%\oyv~1z{g|yp{s|p{zv| R}uwz~<}ex}y~S}y{d{~ncxmtmzv|~s}t}tx}vwj Rryv}~ vczvmus|z~ pozy}~ h|l{sx{~ v|yi{~ g|~ i}k|s|x|yv|~ q}kwx}y~ q}kt}q} n}lx}vwj~YI|p{tx{~V}\s}~U|yi{p{Xz{z~M5~F{p}z~MGA.~s}y{dx{~p}qwpwzv}~q}qwt` x}z}z~ YV}b{pd}z|v|~ Pv}t}~ T}dut~ Kx}zx}y~ ]{x|~ ]{x|~ [pwxt}e}~ F}pwx L{v|yx|yEX~ n}lxwuxw~ cqumpmzv|z~ vox}qw~ mh~ qwx~ Z}x|n|zsx{e|~ ]ovyrt_} pmymxvmj~D|k}pwzwz~n{y~ncxmtmzm~v|~Pps}znrx_v}~s}t}tx}vwus}z~pozy}~s|uy}y ]ovyrt_}~ vczvm~ g|~ q}ux}lwu~ ox}y}u~ q{yt{~ n|l~ qwx~ oy}v}~ q}l}vwj~ MG05_s| Pkt{y_v|~cxvm~g|~{ps|e{~mk|y{z|~hou~p|gv{e{~]ovyrt_v}~ictmxvmj~ D|g}s~:}u{y~Z}n}}e}h_wz~A=~|p|y{~nrxrzt}us}vwyj \Eig`ijMaefgijMaefgi`ijNK[bigV HaeEa`jKhfZjNK[bigV CheGiWij\gi][dajNYhghbhV 1daOjKhfZjNK[bigV YXUXgjIiP_die_jNYhghbhV <`hdhefgj9[Tacdie_jNK[bigV \gi][da@gagjShZfjNYhghbhV \d`_gT_jR_`ij\c]hgfPjNYhghbhV YhgfPj8aeWh`OfdhefjNK[bigV QEh@]hgjYhgfPhjM_eic_db_UjMfej9fOhcjN<^cXV 8hgOdfcjYhgfPdhefg]hjN<^cXV S[gZaPdacjShZZfPjMX^XejNYhghbhV \gi][dajQ,ZighdhefjNYhghbhV \gi][dajHige_die_jNYhghbhV Fh^jR[TijIae`jNYhghbhV 2iebicjYibEiZ_jN<^cXV 9fOhcdhefgjYXBXgXjN<^cXV YidE_OdiejN<^cXV \eUfJhdjNYhghbhV D|g}s~ :}u{y~ Z}n}}e}h_wz~ ourvrert~ {xu~ u{s}nw~ ox}z~ Y[z}voxr S}zywx}ywX~[z}voxr_zrz~|u{zp|x~k|zi{zx{e{z{~imz~qmkmz|~hwu}ywqoyj~Umzq} rqi}yxwu~s}y{d{z|~v|~n}uswewtwkv}~k}s|z~}yw~n{y~rqi}yxwu~q}~v}~umxsmyv|z~pck |st|u~{tu)zpwkvwyj~[za}u~d|y~rqi}yxwewz~v}q}zvwew~s}y{dp|x~ucux|y{~g}yvwyj Rrz}z~rqi}yxwewzwz~g|~vox}qwpwqx}~Iot}~rqi}yxwux}ywzwz~s}y{d{~ucux|y{~n}ls} L{y{sf~[z}voxr~g|~vox}qxw~ox}y}u~T|kobos}tq}~g|~Twpwy_vwyj~U}d}~v|y{zx|y| {z|yp|u~Wmt|yx|y_|~u}v}y~v}q}zvwewzw~icymymkj D|g}s~:}u{y_{z~q}~v}~V}x{u}yz}p~]}xwuhwpw_zwz~p{s|tu)y~n{y~vrq}yxwxwew d|t|z~ick|~h}ybt}us}vwyj~[z}voxr~rqi}yxwux}ywzwz~hoerzr~Rrz}z~rqi}yxwew ox}y}u~ourt}us}qwkj~]r~vryrt~V}x{u}yz}p~]}xwuhwpw_zw~y}d}spwk~|v|y~}t} z|v|z{z|~n{y~smyxm~{z|t|k~q}~v}~{zt|u~{ps|t|kj Og|sf~ t}}x|p|\~ nr~ i|yh|u~ }za}u~ nr~ i|yh|ux|y{z~ }xswzv}~ q}s}z~ p{q}p{ i|yh|e{z~{zu)yw~mk|y{z|~uryrx}z~p{q}p{~p{ps|t{z~u|zv{p{v{yj~

50


Kpt}zxw_zwz~ p{q}p{~ g|~ {v}y{~ q}bwpwzw~ {za|x|v{e{t{kv|~ nr~ i|yh|ux| u}ylwx}lwywkj~[qzw~i|yh|e{~Smyu{q|~Drtdry{q|s{_z{z~uryrxrlrzv}~v}~icyt|u tmtumzf~qwxx}ya}~Zmys~i|yh|e{~g|~poyrzr~qou~p}qwxvwf~,u}ys~urys_~v|z{xv{ }t}~i|x{z|z~zous}q}~n}uswewtwkv}~}yswu~nr~i|yh|e{~v}d}~\}kx}~cysn}p~|v|` t|q|a|ux|y{~n{y~zous}q}~i|xv{~g|~hou~i|h~u}xwztwl~oxt}pwz}~y}et|z~n}kw i|yh|ux|y~u}nrx~|v{xt|u~koyrzv}~u}xwzvw~q}~v}~i|y|ux{x{e{~}zx}lwxvwj [z}voxr~ rqi}yxwu~ s}y{d{zv|~ vmzq}q}~ }hwx}z~ |z~ cz|tx{~ q}s}ux}yv}z n{y{v{yj F{a|~ t|v|z{q|sx|y~ noq~ g|yv{~ g|~ z{a|x|y{~ h|l{sx{~ nwy}uwsx}y~ nwy}u}y}u h|u{b~i{st{lx|yv{f~nr~rqi}yxwux}y}~uwp}a}~v|e{z|a|u~oxryp}u9~T|kobos}tq} Wmt|yx|yf~ [u}vx}yf~ ]}n{xozq}f~ [pryf~ T{s}zz{f~ 2y}ysrf~ V}ss{f~ i{n{~ cz|tx{ umxsmy~t{y}pw~nwy}u}y}u~s}y{d~p}dz|p{zv|z~}qywxvwx}yj~Wmt|yx|y{z~|z~cz|tx{ u|zsx|y{~ F{bbry~ g|~ 2yru_trlf~ [u}vx}ywzp}~ Z{l~ l|dy{qv{j~ [pryxrx}y~ Tj@j ]{y{za{~ n{z~ qwxwz~ n}lwzv}z~ {s{n}y|zf~ T|kobos}tq}_v}~ trsx}u~ imh~ d}x{z| i|xt{lx|y~g|~nmsmz~y}u{bx|y{z|~v{k~hcusmy|y|u~nmqmu~n{y~{tb}y}soyxru~ury` trlx}yvwj~ ]r~ {tb}y}soyxru~ Tj@j~ M=j~ qmkqwx~ {x|~ 0j~ qmkqwxwz~ pozrz}~ u}v}y nmqmu~ n{y~ d|q|a}zx}~ pmytmlsmj~ ]r~ vcz|tf~ q|z{~ [pry_rz~ }vwqx}~ }zwxwy oxtrlsrj~[pry_rz~cz|tx{~u|zs~t|yu|kx|y{zv|z~ox}zf~Z}xdrf~F{z{g|f~Ury` p}yyru{z_v|~ nrxrz}z~ hou~ p}qwv}u{~ u{x~ s}nx|sx|y~ g|~ umsmbd}z|x|y{f~ uy}xxwu vcz|t{z{~g|~z|y|v|qp|~nmsmz~T|kobos}tq}_qx}~{xi{x{~u}qwsx}ywz~srsrxtrl oxvrerzr~ g|~ imzmtmk|~ u}v}y~ i|x|n{xv{ux|y{~ }zx}lwxt}us}vwyj T|kobos}tq}_zwz~pwyx}y~{h{zv|u{~s}y{d{z|~v|~wlwu~srst}us}~g|~nr~wlwu~imz i|hs{uh|~ p|gv}xw~ qmy|ux|yx|~ n{yx{us|~ nmqmt|us|v{yj~ Lmzmtmkv|z~ q}ux}lwu ox}y}u~ mh~ n{z~ {u{~ qmk~ qwx~ cza|f~ T|kobos}tq}_zwz~ [pry~ l|d{yx|y{zv|z~ i|` x|y|uf~ Soyopx}ywz~ imz|q{z|~ {z|z~ n}kw~ V{s{s~ iyrbx}yw~ oxtrlsrj~ Lmz|qvoer [z}voxr_v}f~ urk|q~ Wry{q|_v|~ n{y~ v{k{~ v|gx|sx|y~ urytrlx}yvwj~ L|h~ V{s{s v|gx|sx|y{~ox}y}u~n{x{z|z~nr~umhmu~uy}xxwux}y}~}{s~t|yu|kx|y~v|~uwp}a}~lrz` x}yvwj~ T}x}sq}_v}~ [ypx}zs|b|f~ Z}y}s|b|f~ 7{za{yx{f~ Z}yi}twlf~ W}hu}ickmf T}y}lf~[t|v{f~S{x~]}yp{b~g|~S|xx~V}x}\~i{n{~q|yx|yv|~q}l}t}~tma}v|x|p{ {h{zv|~oxtrlx}yvwj~Rru}ywv}~}vw~i|h|z~t|yu|kx|yv|f~q}bwx}z~u}kw~h}xwlt}x}yw icps|y{qoy~u{f~V{s{sx|y{z~q}l}t~n{h{tx|y{qx|~g|~q}y}stwl~oxvrux}yw~umxsmy|x v|e|yx|y{qx|~{xi{x{~{brhx}yw~g|yt|us|~g|~i|ht{l|~v}{y~q|z{~n{xi{x|y{z~qoxrzr }hwqoyj~Pls|~nrzx}yv}z~uwp}a}~p{k|~}zx}s}qwtj~]r~u}kwx}yx}~oys}q}~hwu}z~uy}x` xwux}yx}~ g|~ v{zx|~ {xi{x{~ q}bwx}yf~ nr~ q}bwx}yw~ pmpx|q|z~ h|l{sx{~ u}n}yst}x}yf d|qu|xx|y~oys}q}~hwu}yswxtwlswyj~]r~d|qu|xx|yv|z~n{y{v|~Z}yi}twl_v}~nrxrz` trl~ox}z~s}zywh}~Zrb}n}_q}~}{s~n{y~u}n}yst}~Tj@j~p|u{k{za{~qmkqwxwz~poz` x}ywz}~ s}y{dx|zt|us|v{yj~ ]r~ l}d|p|y~ [zu}y}_v}~ [z}voxr~ T|v|z{q|sx|y Tmk|p{zv|~p|yi{x|zt|us|v{yj~R{z|~nr~vcz|tx|yv|~q}bwx}z~u}n}yst}x}yv}f h|l{sx{~ q}y}swux}yw~ {lx|t{lx|yv{j~ W}g}l~ }y}n}x}ywzw~ v}~ u}n}yst}x}ywqx} imzmtmk|~ s}lwvwx}yj~ <}xiwawx}ywzw~ v}~ rzrst}vwx}yf~ a|z}k|~ scy|zx|y{z{~ g| k{q}\|s~p}dz|x|y{z{~v|~z}uwl~z}uwl~{lx|t{lx|yv{j~F|y|v|qp|~smt~rqi}yxwux}y` v}~ {lx|zt{l~ ox}z~ }px}z~ \{imymzmf~ V{s{sx{x|y~ v|~ \}kx}pwqx}~ {lx|t{lx|yv{j~ L|h V{s{sx|yv|zf~ 2y}ysr~ Zy}xxwew~ qoxarxrerz}~ voeyr~ {x|yx|q|x{tj~ Tj@j~ A~ n{z qwxwzwz~ oys}x}ywzv}z~ {s{n}y|z~ 2y}ysrx}yx}~ 3}z~ qoxarxrertrk~ n}lxwqoyj ]rzx}y}~Uoer~[z}voxr_zrz~uy}xx}yw~v}~v{q|n{x{y{kj~2y}ysrx}yf~[z}voxr~ncx` i|p{zv|~q}yw~ich|n|~d}q}sw~q}l}t}us}~ox}z~Vryy{~ucu|zx{~n{y~d}xuswx}yj~Tj@j Gj~qmkqwxv}~3}z~icxm~g|~h|gy|p{zv|~uy}xxwux}ywzw~uryvrx}yf~3}z~n}ll|d{yx|y{q` v{j~]r~uy}xxwu~q}ux}lwu~ox}y}u~s}y{d~p}dz|p{zv|~{u{~qmk~|xx{~qwx~u}v}y~u}xvwj ]r~ pmy|~ {h{zv|~ 2y}ysr~ uy}xxwew~ pwzwyx}ywf~ urk|qv|~ Sy}zpu}\u}pq}_q}~ u}v}yf imz|qv|~Soyopx}y}~u}v}y~g|~n}swv}~Cwy}s~wyt}ewz}f~voerv}~urk|qn}sw~Py}z {hx|y{z|~u}v}y~i|z{lx|ss{x|yj~ 2y}ysrx}y~h{g{~q}kwpwzwz~q}zwzv}f~y|p{t~q}kwpwzw~v}~urxx}zt}us}qvwx}yf nr~ vryrt~ q}bwx}z~ u}kw~ h}xwlt}x}ywzv}z~ }zx}lwxt}us}vwyj~ R{z|~ }y}lswy`

51

Cevdet Kudret Solok urdun değişik illerindeki liselerde edebiyat öğretmenliği yapan Cevdet Kudret kısa bir süre İstanbul ve Ankara’da avukatlık yapar. Türk Dil Kurumu’nda redaktör, Bilgi Yayınevi’nde danışman olarak çalşır. Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi, Basın Yayın Yüksek Okulu’nda öğretim görevlisi olarak ders verdi. Yazın yaşamına “Servet-i Fünun Dergisi”nde şiirle başladı (1927). Aynı dergide çalışan yedi genç yazar bir araya gelerek o güne dek yazdıklarını “Yedi Meşale” adında bir kitapta topladılar (1928). Grup, bundan sonra ‘Yedi Meşaleciler' olarak anıldı. Daha sonra çıkardıkları “Meşale” dergisini sekiz sayı sürdürebildiler. Dergi, yeni alfabeye geçiş dönemindeki zorluklar nedeniyle kapandı. Cevdet Kudret, bu dergide yayınlanan şiirlerini “Birinci Perde” adlı kitabında topladı (1929). Daha sonraki şiirlerini “İkinci Perde“ (1936-1937)’, “Üçüncü Perde” (1937) adları altında derlediyse de hiçbir zaman kitap halinde bastırmadı. !Süleyman’ın Dünyası” adı altında toplanan üç romanında, “Sınıf Arkadaşlar”ı (1943), ”Havada Bulut Yok”(1958),Karınca’yıTanırsınız” (1976) Türk toplumunun iki Dünya Savaşı arasındaki 30 yıllık toplumsal kesitini yansıttı. 1940’lı yıllarda yazdığı öykülerini “Sokak” (1974) adlı kitapta bir araya getirdi. 1950 sonrası , edebiyat tarihimizin ünlü isimleri ve eserleri üzerine tanıtım kitapları ve lise edebiyat kitapları yazdı. 1974 –1986 yılları arasında Bodrum’da yaşayan yazar daha sonra yaşamını İstanbul’da sürdürdü. 10 Temmuz 1992’de bu kentte öldü.

Y


Sait Faik Abas覺yan覺k

[

v}b}k}y^8zv}~ voHvr >MG=4?j~ /xucHy|z{t{z{ voHvrHr~u|zss|f~I|dn|y`{ S|y}uu{~ }vx^~ ck|x~ ourxv}f~ oys} cHy|z{t{z{~ ]ryp}~ Oyu|u ;{p|p{_zv|~ s}t}tx}v^j~ ]{y~ pmy| /ps}znrx~ 1z{g|yp{s|p{~ Ov|n{q}s C}umxs|p{~ Smyu~ U{x{~ g|~ Ov|n{q}s^ ]cxxmtm8zv|~ ourvrj~ ]{s{yt|v|z }qy^xv^j~ 1h~ q^x~ u}v}y~ v} Ly|zon{8v|~ >Cy}zp}?~ |v|n{q}s cHy|z{t{~ icyvmj~ Rryv}~ vczmza| n}n}p^z^z~ R}H~ /pu|x|p{_zv|~ ury` vrHr~ s{a}y|sd}z|v|~ h}x^Qs^j~ /Q{z i|y|us{yv{H{~ uoQrxx}y}~ rq}t}v^j ]{yu}h~ v|yp~ vcz|t{~ V}x^a^oHxr Oyt|z{~ R|s{t~ Kurxrzv}~ Smyuh| iyrb~v|ypx|y{~ourssrj~Z^p}~n{y~pmy| v|~ YV}n|y~ L}k|s|p{_zv|~ }vx{q|

t}x}ywz~ pozrarzv}~ oys}q}~ hwu}z~ nyozk~ }px}z~ n}lw~ g|~ n|zk|yx|y{~ v|~ n{k| 2y}ysrx}ywz~mk|y{zv|~q}l}vwux}yw~k|zi{z~v|t{y~g|~n}uwy~q}s}ux}ywzw~urxx}zwb {lx|v{ux|y{z{~g|~nr~qoxx}f~q|z{~t}vv{~umxsmy|x~v|e|yx|y~q}y}sswux}ywzw~icps|y` t|us|v{yj~R{z|~u}xwzswx}yv}z~}yv}~u}x}z~h|l{sx{~pmp~|lq}x}ywf~t|s}x~u}b~u}h}u` x}yf~u}k}zx}yf~d|qu|xa{ux|yf~p}g}lx}yv}~urxx}zwxt}u~mk|y|~q}bwx}z~g|~vmlt}z v}yn|x|y{zv|z~ uoyrq}a}u~ ox}z~ u}xu}zx}y~ g|~ t{e\|yx|y~ q}btwlx}yvwj~ ]r nrxrzsrx}y~}y}pwzv}~h|l{sx{~u|t|y~g|~}v}u~x|gd}x}yw~nrxrztrlsrj~2y}ysr~v{z{ d}uuwzv}f~T|d|yu}bw~q}kwsw~g|~h|l{sx{~u}xu}z~g|~x|gd}x}y~mk|y{zv|~u{~s}zyw u}n}yst}x}ywf~n{k|~2y}ysr~v{z{z{z~hou~s}zywxw~n{y~v{z~oxvrerzr~icps|y{yj~]r s}zywx}yv}z~ n}kwx}yw~ lrzx}yvwyB~ W}g}l~ S}zywpw~ V}xv{f~ Cwyswz}~ g|~ Lcu~ S}zywpw S|{l|n}~g|~Lmz|l~S}zywpw~:{g{z{jjj 2y}ysrx}y~ s}ywtv}~ nmqmu~ i|x{lt|x|y~ icps|yt{lx|yv{j~ 2y}ysrx}y~ prx}` t}zwz~cz|t{z{~u}gy}twl~g|~q}btwl~oxvrux}yw~icx|s~g|~prx}t}~u}z}xx}ywqx}f 3}z~og}pwzwz~n|y|u|sx{~soby}ux}ywzv}~v}d}~hou~t}dprx~}xt}qw~cey|zt{lx|y` v{j~]r~prx}t}~u}z}xx}ywqx}f~nrimzum~pcqx|tx|~pcqx|yp|u~{xu~n}y}Jx}yw~{zl} |st{lx|yv{~ g|~ 2y}ysrx}ywz~ {zl}~ |ss{ux|y{~ n}y}Jx}y~ q}z{~ icx|sx|y~ v|~ lrzx}yvwyB T|zrp}~ Z}z}xwf~ v}d}~ |pu{~ }vwqx}~ pcqx|yp|u~ :}ty}z~ Z}z}xwf~ Lmybwz}y og}pwzv}~ nrxrz}z~ prqrf~ 3}z~ og}pwz}~ s}lwt}u~ {h{z~ uy}x~ T|zg}~ s}y}\wzv}z {zl}~|ss{y{xt{ls{j~Soby}uu}x|~|pu{~}vwqx}~Irp}d{z{x{~qcy|p{zv|~mzxm~Z|l{licx n}y}Jw~{u{za{~Irp}~k}t}zwzv}~{zl}~|ss{y{xt{ls{j~3|~s}y{d~d{h~u|p{zs{q|~rey}` t}v}zf~u|zv{~v{zi{zx{e{~{h{zv|~}uwb~i{v{qoyvrj~Pls|~nrimz~oxvrer~i{n{qv{j 2y}ysr~uy}xxwew~Tj@j~q|v{za{~qmk~qwxwz~oys}x}ywzv}z~{s{n}y|z~q}g}l~q}g}l~i|` y{x|t|~g|~hcuml~vcz|t{z|~i{yt{ls{j~Lmhs|z~vml|z~2y}ysr~uy}xxwewf~Ppu{sx|y~g| T|vx|y~s}y}\wzv}z~s}y{d~p}dz|p{zv|zf~}awt}pwka}~p{x{z{b~}swxtwlx}yvwj~U}d} cza|u{~ rqi}yxwux}yv}~ oxvrer~ i{n{v{yj~ Lmzmtmkv|qp|~ 2y}ysrx}yv}zf~ h|l{sx{ q}kwsx}ywf~ \{imyx|y{~ g|~ u}q}xwux}y}~ oqt}~ p}z}swqx}~ {lx|v{ux|y{~ uy}x~ {p{tx|y{ u}xtwlj~ ]r~ uy}xx}yv}z~ n}kwx}ywzwz~ {p{tx|y{~ lrzx}yvwyB~ W}yvry{f~ Plbr{z{f T|zrp}f~ ]{y{za{~ [yi{ls{j~ Nozsrp~ ncxi|p{z|~ Irtx}ywz~ i|x{l{f~ T{x|sop l|dy{zv|z~ i|x|z~ uoxoz{a{x|y~ s}y}\wzv}z~ q}ux}lwu~ ox}y}u~ Pj@j~ p|u{k{za{ qmkqwxwz~ oys}x}ywzv}~ i|xv{ux|y{~ pcqx|z{yj~ T{x|sop~ l|dy{zv|z~ Nozsrp_}~ i|x|z T{x|sx{x|y{z~n{y~ncxmtmf~}qzw~vcz|tx|yv|~Nyobozs{p_|~q}z{~T}yt}y}~ncxi|` p{z|~|pu{~}vw~[ys}u|~ox}z~Oyv|u_|~v|~i{ss{ux|y{~n{x{zt|us|v{yj~T{x|sopxrx}y Nozsrp_rz~uwqw~l|y{v{~mk|y{zv|f~pwy}pwqx}~|pu{~}vw~[tz{pop~ox}z~W}tprz~g| q{z|~ }zs{u~ }vw~ W{zob|~ ox}z~ W{zob~ g|~ pwzwyx}yw~ {h{zv|~ nrxrz}z~ }zs{u~ }vw Z|y}pop~ ox}z~ L{y|prz~ g|~ Kyvr~ oxt}u~ mk|y|~ Sy}nkoz~ qcy|x|y{zv|~ q|y` x|lt{lx|yv{j~ Pj@j~A4=_x{~qwxx}yv}~T{dy{v}s|p~s}y}\wzv}z~uryrxtrl~oxvrj~T{dy{v}s|pf Nozsrp~uy}xw~ox}y}u~s}zwzvwus}z~pozy}f~{xu~{l~ox}y}u~Nozsrp~uwqwx}ywz}~q}qwx` t}u~ oxvrj~ W{zob|f~ [tz{pop~ g|~ Sy}b|krzs}~ n}l~ l|d{y~ ox}y}u~ s}t~ AA5~ qwx n}ewtpwk~ox}y}u~dmumt~pmytmlsmj~Nozsrp~|z~b}yx}u~vcz|t{z{f~|\p}z|g{~uy}x n|l{za{~T{dy{v}s|p~vcz|t{zv|~q}l}twlswj~]|l{za{~T{dy{v}s|p~s}t~q{yt{~n|l qwx~ p}g}lswew~ Iot}xwx}yw~ Oi|~ uwqwx}ywz}~ u}v}y~ pmytml~ g|~ uy}xxwewzwz~ pwzwy` x}ywzw~n{y~v}d}~}qzw~nmqmuxme|~i|x|t|q|a|e{~n{y~zous}q}~u}v}y~rx}lswytwlswj K~ p}g}ls}~ q}ux}lwu~ ox}y}u~ p|up|z~ n{z~ Iot}xwqw~ uwxwhs}z~ i|h{yt{ls{j Iot}xwx}y~s}y{dx|y{~noqr~ncqx|~n{y~q|z{xi{~qmkm~icyt|t{lx|yv{j~]|xu{~|pu{ h}ex}ywzv}~ Wb}ys}ump~ g|~ ucx|x|y{~ s}y}\wzv}z~ nrz}~ q}uwz~ n{y~ q|z{xi{ }xtwlx}yvwj~[t}~uwp}~pmy|v|~sob}yx}zvwx}y~g|~s}t~}xsw~n{z~ucx|q{~h}ytwdx}y} i|yt{lx|yv{j~ 3|~ qmk~ qwxx}y~ pozy}~ [z}voxr_v}~ T{dy{v}s|p_{z~ uwxwawqx} Wb}ys}ump_mz~g|~ucx|x|y{z~{zs{u}tw~}xwztwlsw~g|~n|xu{~v|~T{dy{v}s|p_{z~nrz` v}z~d{h~d}n|y{~n{x|~qousr~}t}~Iot}xwx}y~n{x{qoyx}yvwf~s}y{d{z~u}y}zxwu~p}q` \}x}yw~ }y}pwzv}~ p{zt{l~ ox}z~ u}zxw~ s}y{dx|y{z{j~ R{z|~ |\p}z|~ uy}x~ T{dy{v}s|p s}y}\wzv}z~vmk|zx|zt{l~ox}z~p|\|yx|yx|f~}awt}pwk~n{y~n{h{tv|~T}u|vozq}_qw q}et}x}twlswj~]r~|\p}z|~uy}x~{h{z~Tok}ys_s}~n{y~p|z\oz{~n|ps|x|t{ls{j~S}y{d

52


p}q\}x}ywzw~q}kwb~voxvryryu|z~g|~s}ug{tx|y~Pj@j~+5_m~icps|yv{e{zv|~}yswu Nozsrp~n{y~Iot}~|q}x|s{~oxtrl~g|~Iot}~g}x{x|y{~s}y}\wzv}z~qcz|s{xt|us|q` v{j~Iot}~|p}y|s{zv|z~pozy}~]{k}zp~|i|t|zx{e{~}xswz}~i{yv{~g|~|z~pozrzv} d|yu|p{zv|~ n{xv{e{~ i{n{~ Kpt}zxw~ |i|t|zx{e{~ }xswz}~ i{yv{j~ Nozsrp~ vcz|` t{zv|z~ g|~ Kpt}zxw~ vcz|tx|y{zv|z~ imzmtmk|~ u}v}y~ i|x|z~ h|l{sx{~ v{z{ q}bwx}y~{h{zv|~|z~cz|tx{p{~g|~imzmtmkv|~v|~Kysovoup~Vwy{ps{q}zx}y~{h{z d}a~ k{q}y|s~ q|y{~ ox}z~ Wmt|x}~ T}z}pswyw~ q}l}ztwl~ ox}z~ nmsmz~ vcz|tx|y| {z}s~d}x}~v{tv{u~v{y|z{qoy~iy{~icuqmkmzmz~}xswzv}j 7}t}z~ [z}voxr_zrz~ {hx|y{z|~ }uwb~ i{st|q|~ n}lx}vwewzv}~ Opu{l|d{yf Zms}dq}f~[\qoz~g|~[zu}y}~vox}qx}ywzv}~dmumt~pmytmlx|yv{j~Ndyqif~q}z{ Cy{u~ uy}xxwewz}~ u}v}y~ rk}zwqoyj~ Cy{ix|y~ |pu{~ h}ex}yv}~ oys}~ [z}voxr~ v} q}l}t~u}gi}pw~{h{zv|~oxtrlx}yvwj~V{s{s~v|gx|s{z{z~oys}v}z~u}xut}pwqx}~n{y` x{us|f~ q}ux}lwu~ ox}y}u~ Tj@j~ MA==_|yv|f~ trds|t|x|z~ Lmz|qvoer [gyrb}_v}z~i|xt{lx|yv{j~Cy{u~uy}xxwewzwz~uryrarpr~g|~{xu~uy}xw~ox}z~Loyv{op {v{j~ ]}ll|d{yx|y{~ v|~ |pu{~ }vw~ Loyv{oz~ q|z{~ }vw~ R}ppwdcqmu_smyj~ Zy}x Loyv{op,s}z~pozy}~mzxm~|l|uurx}uxw~oexr~T{v}p~i|ht{ls{~s}ds}j~Cy{u~uy}xw T{v}p~l}y}b~g|~n|y|u|s~s}zywpw~U{ozqpop_s}z~n{y~v{x|us|~nrxrztrlf~v{x|e{ vourzvrer~d|y~l|q{z~}xswz~oxt}pwqtwlj~U{ozqpop_v}~v{x|e{z{~u}nrx~|st{l g|~srssrer~d|y~l|q{z~}xswz~oxt}pwzw~p}ex}twlswj~[za}u~q{q|a|u~n{y~l|qx|y| vourzvrerzv}~ z|~ u}v}y~ }bs}xa}~ n{y~ {ps|us|~ nrxrzvrerzr~ }zx}twl~ g| T{v}pf~ U{ozqpop_}~ nr~ reryprkxrus}z~ urys}yt}pw~ {h{z~ q}xg}ytwl~ g|~ s}zyw U{ozqpopf~T{v}p_}~z}pwx~urysrx}a}ewzw~}zx}stwl~g|~T{v}p_v}~s}zyw~pckmz| rq}y}u~ N}usoxop~ wyt}ewzv}~ qwu}ztwl~ g|~ o~ imzv|z~ n|y{~ wyt}ewz~ h}uwxx}yw }y}pwzv}~}xswz~k|yy|a{ux|y{z{z~oxvrer~v{xv|z~v{x|~vox}lwy~oxtrlsrj~:{tv{~}pwx uozrq}f~ |l|uurx}ux}ywz}~ i|x|x{tj~ R{z|~ imzx|yv|z~ n{y~ imz~ T{v}pf~ imz|l s}zywpw~[boxxoz~g|~V|yt|p_{z~n{y~Fqtbd}_v|z~oxt}~u|h{noqzrkxr~g|~u|h{ }q}uxw~oexr~N}z_wz~}y}pwzv}u{~tmk{u~q}ywlt}pwz}~u}ywlwyj~3|~q}lxw~v}e~s}z` ywpw~ Stoxop_rz~ g|yv{e{~ u}y}yw~ |x|ls{yt{l~ g|~ nrz}~ u}ylwxwus}~ [boxxozf T{v}p_wz~urx}ux}ywzw~|l|uurx}ew~q}btwl~g|~tmk{e{~nr~u}v}y~ucsm~}xiwx}q}z urx}ux}y~ }za}u~ |l|uurx}ew~ oxry~ v{q|~ a|k}x}zvwytwlswj~ Zy}x~ T{v}p_v} |l|uurx}ux}ywzw~ p}ywewqx}~ g|q}~ p}ywe}~ n|zk|y~ n{y~ n}lxwu~ n|k{qx|~ u}b}swb i|k|yj~<mzum~nr~vryrtr~u{tp|z{z~n{xt|p{z{~{ps|t{qoyvrj~]r~ox}qw~n{y~s|u n|yn|y{~n{x{qoytrl~g|~nr~pwyyw~u{tp|qx|~b}qx}lt}t}pw~{h{z~n|yn|y{z{~pwuw pwuw~s|tn{dx|t{ls{j~]|yn|y{~v|~nr~vryrtr~d{h~u{tp|qx|~b}qx}l}t}vwew~{h{z n{y~urqr~}htwl~g|~{h{z|~pwyywzw~p|px{~n{y~l|u{xv|~pcqx|q{bf~s|uy}y~}hswew~urqr` v}z~hwu}yvwew~soby}ux}yx}~urqrqr~u}b}stwl~g|~y}d}sx}twl~n{y~l|u{xv|~oy}v}z }qywxtwlj~Zwp}~n{y~pmy|~pozy}~hruryrz~nrxrzvrer~q|yv|~p}kxwux}y~noq~g|y` t{l~g|~d|y~ymki)ywz~|pt|p{qx|~p}kxwux}yv}z~n{y~p|p~qmup|xt|q|~n}lx}twlswj ]r~ p|p{~ vrq}zx}y~ d}qy|s|~ vmlmqoyx}yvwj~ T{v}p_wz~ |l|uurx}ux}yw~ g}y~ v{q| pcqx|z{yv{~ ymki)yj~ Cy{i~ uy}xxwew~ voerv}z~ i|x|z~ Z{tt|y~ p}xvwywx}ywz} v}q}z}t}qwbf~ Tj@j~ 0j~ qmkqwxwz~ {xu~ h|qy|e{zv|~ s}y{d~ p}dz|p{zv|z~ uy}xxwu ox}y}u~ p{x{z{b~ i{st{lx|yv{j~ [za}u~ i|x|z|uf~ icy|z|ux|y{qx|~ g|~ p}z}sp}x q}y}swx}ywqx}~n{yu}h~qmk~qwx~v}d}~g}yxwux}ywzw~uoyrq}n{xt{lx|yv{j ;qv{}~uy}xxwew~nrimzum~n{x{z|z~T}z{p}~l|dy{z{z~nmqmu~n{y~ncxmtmzv| {zl}~|v{xt{ls{j~]r~uy}xxwu~ncxi|p{zv|~|i|t|z~ox}z~[sq}vx}yf~V|y}ux{vx|y~g| T|yt}vx}y~ d}z|v}zxwux}yw~ dmumt~ pmytmlx|yv{j~ ;qv{}_zwz~ n}ll|dy{~ |pu{ }vwqx}~W}v|{p~g|~q|z{~}vwqp}~W}x{dx{_qv{j~;qv{}~uy}xxwewzwz~|z~imhxm~g|~b}y` x}u~ vcz|tx|y{z{f~ T|yt}vx}y~ d}z|v}zw~ vcz|t{zv|~ q}l}twlx}yvwj~ N|ypx|y ;qv{}~ uy}xw~ Zyo{pop_r~ q|z{xi{q|~ rey}sswux}ywzv}f~ ;qv{}_zwz~ mk|y{z|~ h}x}z imz|l{zv|~ y|zi{~ v|e{lt{ls{j~ Op}y|s~ hcy|ux|zt{ls{f~ u}y}~ n{y~ nrxrs~ i{n{ ;qv{}_zwz~ n}dspwk~ p{xr|s{z|j~ 3|~ s}y{d{z~ u}y}~ p}q\}pwz}~ vml|z~ zoss}~ imzf Tj@j~.60~{x|~.6+_qw~{l}y|s~|v{qoyvrj~]r~s}y{d~;qv{}_zwz~s}y{d~p}dz|p{z|~g| {zp}zxwe}~ }yt}e}z~ |ss{e{~ ;qv{}~ p{uu|x|y{z{~ nwy}u}y}uf~ v{e|y~ sobxrtx}yv}

53

trd}n{yx{H{~q}bs^f~n^y}us^j~[zz|p{ T}unrx|~ V}z^t8^z~ ox}z}ux}y^ {h{zv|~q}Q}t}q~y}k^~ox}y}u~u|zv{` z{~ |v|n{q}s}~ g|yv{j~ R}Q}t^z^z u}x}z~ q^xx}y^z^~ ]ryi}k~ [v}p^_zv} i|h{yv{j~ W{yok~ d}ps}x^H^zv}z~ ury` srx}t}q}y}u~ /ps}znrx8v}~ cxvm~ >MM T}q^p~MG.6? W}{s~ C}{u8{z~ {xu~ cqumpmf YT{xx{q|s~L}k|s|p{Xz{z~p}z}s~p}q` \}p^zv}~ h^ut^Qs^j~ Wozy}u{~ mymz` x|y{z{~ Y3}yx^uX~ g|~ Y[H}hX~ v|yi{` x|y{zv|~ q}q^tx}v^j~ R|z{~ |v|n{q}s d}y|u|s{z{z~tma}v|x|~|gy|x|y{zv| cz|tx{~ q|yx|y{~ ox}z~ YW|yg|s`{ CmzrzB~ W|p`R|z{~ W|pXf~ YWou}uXf Y/Qs|Xf~ YRmymqmQXf~ YLmzXf YR}by}uXf~ YR|z{x{uX~ v|yi{x|y{zv| v|~ q}kv^j~ MG6=8s}~ Y}dt|yv}zX u{s}n^zv}~ q|y~ }x}z~ Y<|xt|X~ }vx^ cqumpmzv|z~ vox}q^~ W^u^qcz|s{t T}du|t|p{_zv|~ q}yi^x}zv^j ]|y}}s~ |ss{j~ MG668v|f~ q^xx}y~ pozy} Y]{y~ S}u^t~ /zp}zx}yX~ }v^qx} q|z{v|z~ h^u}zf~ YT|v}y`^~ T}{Q|s TosoyrX~}vx^~yot}z^~sobx}s^xv^j


Reşat Nuri Güntekin ps}znrx8v}~ voHvr~ >A.~ Z}p^t M44G?j~<}z}uu}x|~/v}v{p{8zv|f /kt{y~ Cy|y|8x|y~ Kurxr_zv} ourvrf~ p^z}gx}~ U}ymx\mzrz Ov|n{q}s~ C}umxs|p{8z|~ i{yv{j Rmup|u~ cHy|z{t{z{~ s}t}tx}v^u` s}z~ pozy}~ >MGMA?~ ]ryp}~ g| /ps}znrx~ x{p|x|y{zv|~ tmvmyxmuf Ov|n{q}sf~C|xp|\|f~N|v}ioJ{~cHy|s` t|zx{H{~ g|~ T{xx{~ OH{s{t Tm\|ss{Qx{H{~ q}bs^j~ <}z}uu}x|8v|z t{xx|sg|u{x{~ p|h{x|y|u~ b}yx}t|z` soq}~i{yv{j~T{xx{~OH{s{t~]}u}zx^H^ n}Qtm\|ss{Q{qu|z~ N}y{p8s|~ umxsmy }s|Q|p{~ox}y}u~v}~h}x^Qs^j~Ot|ux{q| }qy^xv^us}z~ pozy}~ /ps}znrx~ |d{y S{q}syox}y^_zv}~ Ov|n{~ Zryrx mq|x{H{~ q}b^qoyvrj~ [ua{H|y u}zp|y{~z|v|z{qx|~;ozvy}8v}~cxvmj >0~[y}x^u~MG.+?

/

oxvrer~i{n{~h|u{b~i{st|u~koyrzv}~nwy}uwxvwx}yj~;qv{}_xwx}y~k|zi{z~n{y~rqi}y` xwu~ ox}y}u~ q}l}twlx}yvwj~ ]r~ k|zi{zx{ux|y{z{f~ 2l}u~ qcy|p{zv|~ nrxrz}z t|k}yx}yv}~g|~q}et}x}z}z~smtmxmp~t|k}yx}yw~v}~voeyrx}y~z{s|x{us|qt{lj~]r k|zi{zx{ux|yv|~ Z}yrz~ d}k{z|p{~ v{q|~ }vx}zvwywxt}us}vwyj~ ]r~ d}k{z|~ nrimz 2l}u~tmk|p{zv|~p|yi{x|zt|us|v{yj~;qv{}_zwz~n{x{z|z~uy}xx}yw~pwy}pwqx}~lrz` x}yvwyj~Lqi|pf~[yvqpf~W}vq}ss|pf~[xq}ss|pf~Zyo{pop_srx}yj~[z}sox{}~soby}ux}yw mk|y{zv|f~ ;qv{}_zwz~ pozprkxre}~ reryx}zt}pwqx}~ imz|l~ &oz{}~ q}~ v} Pqozq}_zwz~ mk|y{zv|~ voet}q}~ n}lx}twlswj~ [ud}~ uy}xxwewzwz~ hcumlmzv|z pozy}~ Rrz}z{ps}z_v}z~ ]}sw~ [z}voxr~ uwqwx}ywz}~ i|xt|q|~ n}lx}t}x}ywqx}f Pkt{y~ g|~ [qvwz~ u|zsx|y{z{z~ uwqw~ l|y{sx|y{z|~ voeyr~ {pu)z~ oxvrx}yj~ ]r~ ncxi| &oz{}~ox}y}u~}zwxt}q}~n}lx}ztwlswj~S}y{d{z~n}n}pw~ox}y}u~v}~n{x{z|z~Pkt{yx{ V|yovosop_rz~ pckmzm~ |ss{e{~ oz~ {u{~ &oz~ u|zs~ v|gx|s{~ v|~ lrzx}yvwyj~ ]}ls} T{x|sopf~ l{tv{x|yv|~ ]}x}s~ ox}y}u~ n{x{z|z~ q|yv{j~ Tqrpf~ [gl}y~ Zcqm~ ox}y}u n{x{z|z~q|yv|qv{j~Ny{|z|f~l{tv{u{~Lmxxmn}dh|f~Obd|pop~q|z{~}vwqx}~W|xhruf Zoxobdozf~ q|z{~ }vwqx}~ U|e{yt|zv|y|f~ ;|n|vopf~ q|z{~ }vwqx}~ Lmtmxvmyf S|opf~l{tv{u{~}vw~Wwe}awuf~Zx}kot|z}{f~l{tv{u{~}vwqx}~2yx}f~Ndou}{}f~q|z{ }vw~ Opu{~ Coh}~ Oyqsdy}{f~ q{z|~ |pu{~ }vw~ &xvwywf~ Zd{of~ l{tv{u{~ W}uwk~ [v}pwf W}topf~ q{z|~ l{tv{u{~ Wwp}z~ [v}pwj~ ]r~ u|zs~ v|gx|sx|y{z|~ v}d}~ pozy}~ oz mhmzampm~ox}y}u~v}~Wtqyz}f~|pu{~Pkt{y~u}swxtwlswj~&oz{}~ncxi|p{zv|~nrxrz}z nr~oz~mh~u|zs~v|gx|s{~d{hn{y~k}t}z~n{y~}y}q}~i|x{b~imhxm~n{y~v|gx|sf~q}~v} imhxm~ n{y~ {tb}y}soyxru~ ury}t}twlx}yvwj~ V|b~ n{y|y~ umhmu~ u|zs~ v|gx|sx|y{ ox}y}u~q}l}t~tma}v|x|p{~{h{zv|~g}yxwux}ywzw~pmyvmyt|q|~h}n}x}vwx}y~g|~n{y|y umhmu~v|gx|sx|y~ox}y}u~u}xtwlx}yvwj~]r~oz~mh~u|zs~v|gx|s{z{~n{y~}y}v}~srs}z l|qp|~ v{xf~ v{z~ g|~ umxsmy|x~ n{yx{us|x{ux|y{zv|z~ {x|y{~ i|x|z~ n{y~ u}qz}lt}qx} p}ex}zwqoyvrj~ Pozq}xwx}yf~ toz}yl{~ g|~ s{y}zx}yv}z~ pozy}~ v|touy}p{qx| qcz|s{xt{lx|yv{j~Pozq}xwx}yf~n{x{t~g|~rqi}yxwewzv}~czamx|y{zv|zv{x|yj~@k|x` x{ux|~ T{x|sop~ v}~ oys}q}~ hwu}z~ {xu~ voe}~ \{xoko\x}ywf~ |gy|z{z~ oxrlrzrf~ voe} ox}qx}ywf~g}yxwewz~g|~z|pz|z{z~ucu|z{~i{n{~poyrx}y}~voe}qw~{za|x|q|y|u~q}zws nrxt}q}~ h}xwltwlx}yvwj~ &oz{}~ ourxrz}~ t|zprb~ {xu~ voe}~ \{xoko\x}yw~ ox}y}u n{x{z|zx|y{z~ n}lwzv}~ Sd}x|p~ i|x{yf~ v{e|yx|y{qp|~ pwy}pwqx}~ lrzx}yvwyj [z}up{t}vyopf~ [z}up{t|z|pf~ U{oi|z|p~ g|~ V|y}ux|{sop_srx}yj~ ]r~ \{xo` ko\x}ywz~ hoer~ T{x|sopxrqvrj~ R{z|~ T{x|sopxr~ ox}z~ Sd}x|pf~ |gy|zv|u{~ d|y l|q{z~ucu|z{~pr~oxvrerzr~{x|y{~pmytmlsmj~V|yovosop_rz~pckmzm~|ss{e{~imz|l srsrxt}pwzwz~d|p}bx}q}z~Sd}x|p~{v{j~[z}up{t}zvyop_v}~T{x|sopxrqvrf~ozrz s|k{z|~icy|~v|~d|y~l|q{z~ckmzv|~pozprkxru~g}yvwj~]}lu}~n{y~T{x|sopxr~\{xo` ko\p}~[z}up{t|z|p~g|~[boxxoz{}_xw~U{oi|z|p_x|~n{yx{us|~d|y~l|q{z~u}qz}ewz` v}~d}g}~oxvrerzr~u}nrx~|v{b~p}grztrlx}yvwj~Obd|pop_xr~V|y}ux{sop_v}~d|y l|q{z~n}lx}ziwaw~ox}y}u~}s|l{~u}nrx~|v{qoy~g|~p}grzrqoyvr Lmz|l~ Pkt{y_{z~ urk|q~ n}sw~ s}y}\wz}~ voet}q}~ n}lx}vwewzv}~ s}y{d~ p}d` z|p{zv|~ N|yi}toz~ uy}xxwew~ Tj@j~ 5j~ g|~ Aj~ qmkqwxx}yv}~ [ss}xop~ d}z|v}zwz} t|zprb~ uy}xx}y~ s}y}\wzv}~ qcz|s{xt{ls{j~ Rmk~ |xx{~ qwxxwu~ N|yi}toz~ uy}xxwew V|x|z{ps{u~ vcz|t{z~ |z~ b}yx}u~ umxsmy~ t|yu|kx|y{zv|z~ n{y{qv{j~ Woz~ uy}x mhmzam~ [ss}xop_rz~ g}p{q|s{qx|~ uy}xxwewz~ soby}ux}yw~ Iot}_q}~ u}swxtwlswj N|yi}toz~ uy}xxwewzv}z~ d{h~ }y}~ g|yt|v|z~ Z}y{}_q}~ i|h|x{tj~ Z}y{}f [z}voxr_zrz~ imz|q~ n}sw~ ucl|p{~ g|q}~ nrimzum~ Trex}~ l|dy{z{z~ nmqmu~ n{y ncxmtm~|pu{~h}ewz~Z}y{}_pwvwyj~Oi|~ichx|y{qx|~ncxi|q|~i|x|z~Uoyx}yf~nry}v} }xsw~u|zss|z~oxrl}z~n{y~n{yx{u~urytrlx}yvwj~Z}y{}_zwz~s}y{d~p}dz|p{z|~hwuswew vcz|tv|f~ N|yp~ |i|t|zx{e{~ }xswzv}u{~ ncxi|v|~ dmumt~ pmy|z~ V|u}sotzop d}z|v}zxwu~ vcz|t{z|~ y}psx}yj~ ]r~ d}z|v}zwz~ |z~ cz|tx{~ u{l{p{~ d{h~lmbd|p{k T}rpp}xxop_sryj~ V|x|z~ umxsmymzmz~ qoerz~ n{y~ n{h{tv|~ q}l}zvwew~ Z}y{}_v} ozrz~ k}t}zwzw~ {l}y|s~ |st|us|qv{j~ Pls|~ nr~ cz|tx{~ uy}xf~ Z}y{}_zwz~ t|yu|k{ d}x{z|~i|s{yt{l~oxvrer~V}x{u}yz}pop_s}f~cxmtmzv|z~n{yu}h~qwx~cza|f~u}ywpw [ys|t{p|}~s}y}\wzv}z~{zl}~|ss{y{x|z~g|~pozy}v}z~v}~vmzq}zwz~q|v{~d}y{u}pwz`

54


v}z~n{y{~ox}y}u~u}nrx~|v{x|z~T}rppoxx|{o~}zwsp}x~t|k}ywqx}~cxmtpmkx|ls{y` t{l~g|~s}y{d~p}dz|p{zv|~d}x|z~pwa}u~n{y~{ti|~ox}y}u~q}l}t}us}vwyj~;qu{} ncxi|p{~ox}y}u~n{x{z|z~C|sd{q|~g|~[zs}xq}~Zcy\|k{~}y}pwzv}f~v|z{k|~i|z{l n{y~u}y}~b}yh}pw~ox}y}u~rk}z}z~S|u|~q}ywt}v}pwvwyj~N|yp~|i|t|zx{e{~}xswz` v}~;qu{}~u|zsx|y{~q|y|x~dmumtv}yx}y~s}y}\wzv}z~qcz|s{xt{lx|yv{j~V|x|z{ps{u vcz|tv|qp|~ ncxi|v|~ n{y~ ;qu{}~ n{yx{e{~ uryrxtrl~ g|~ ;qu{}xwx}ywz~ }dl}b t{t}y{p{z{~ q}zpws}z~ g|~ s}bwz}u~ a|bd|p{z{~ s}ux{s~ |v|z~ u}q}x}y}~ oqrxtrl t|k}yx}yw~ [z}voxr~ p}z}swzw~ v}~ cz|tx{~ v|y|a|v|~ u}suwx}y~ prztrlsryj Z}q}x}y}~ oqrxtrl~ g|~ |v|n{~ n{y~ oq}~ i{n{~ {lx|zt{l~ ox}z~ u}q}~ t|k}yx}ywf U|ty|~g|~Z}x|_v|~d}x|z~k{q}y|sh{x|y{z{~n|ux|t|us|v{yx|yj~ Zott}i|z|~uy}xxwew~nrimzum~[vwq}t}zf~T}y}l~g|~L}k{}zs|b~u|zs` x|y{z{z~nrxrzvrer~soby}ux}y~mk|y{zv|~uryrxtrlsrj~@za|x|y{~W|x|ruop~uy}x` xwewzwz~|i|t|zx{e{~}xswzv}~ox}z~nr~soby}ux}y~v}~qcy|z{z~{v}y|p{~Nsox|t}opf W|x|ruop~uy}xxwewz}~u}ylw~}q}ux}z}y}u~n}ewtpwkxwux}ywzw~u}k}ztwlx}yvwj~]r n}ewtpwkxwu~k}\|y{qx|~n{yx{us|~Zott}i|z|~uy}xxwewzw~urytrl~oxvrx}yj~Tj@j +A_v|~[zs{oudop~g|~q{z|~Tj@j~+Gg|~56~s}y{dx|y{~}y}pwzv}~|z~b}yx}u~vcz|t` x|y{z{~ q}l}twlx}yvwj~ TjWj~ 0A_v|~ Iot}xwx}y~ s}y}\wzv}z~ s}y{d~ p}dz|p{zv|z p{x{z{b~}swxtwlx}yvwj~[za}u~nrimz~d}x}~[vwq}t}z_v}~F|tyrs~v}ew~mk|y{zv| [zs{oudop_rz~u|zv{p{~{h{z~q}bswyvwew~ursp}x~}x}z~g|~t|k}y~}zwswzwz~mk|y{~s}l g|~soby}ux}~u}b}swx}y}uf~q}ux}lwu~|xx{~t|sy|~qmup|ux{e{zv|~q}b}q~n{y~smt` p|ux|~ cyssmymxtmlsmj~ Wrz{~ s|b|z{z~ voer~ g|~ n}swpwzv}~ u|zv{p{z{z~ g|~ s}z` ywx}ywz~{zp}z~noqrzv}z~nmqmu~d|qu|x~g|~u}n}yst}x}yw~q|y~}xt}us}vwyj~]r d|qu|xx|yv|z~n{y{v|~[boxxoz~q|y|x~}vwqx}~T{sdy}p_wz~n}lwvwyj [z}voxr_zrz~nmsmz~rqi}yxwux}ywzw~n{y~q}kwv}~{lx|t|u~tmtumz~v|e{x }t}~ uwp}a}~ p}qvwux}ywtv}z~ v}~ }zx}lwx}a}ew~ mk|y|~ nr~ mxu|z{z~ v}d}~ hou V}x{u}yz}p~]}xwuhwpw_z}~{ds{q}aw~oxvrer~imz~i{n{~oys}v}j~ V}x{u}yz}p~]}xwuhwpw~[z}voxr~O\p}z|x|y{~}vxw~u{s}nwzv}~[z}voxr_zrz k|zi{z~pcqx|za|x|y{z{~}uwaw~g|~x{y{u~n{y~v{xx|~}zx}stwlf~{zp}zwz~s|uy}y~s|uy}y ourq}pw~i|x{qoyj [z}voxr_zrz~W|p{~}vxw~|p|y{zv|~YS}y{d~g|~V|x|z{ktX~}vxw~q}kwpwzv} v|e{l|z~sobxrtx}yf~{x|y{~sobxrtx}ywz~{x|yx|t|p{zv|~u{~|su|z{~hou~voeyr~n{y l|u{xv|~oys}q}~uoqvrj ]}sw~rqi}yxwew~q}~v}~v|touy}p{p{~}pxwzv}~ozx}ywz~vwlwzv}~u}x}z~nmsmz vmzq}zwz~ucx|~oxt}pw~v|t|us{f~nr~p}bs}t}~hou~q|y{zv|~g|~i|yh|us{yj R{z|~nr~|p|yv|~,Woqx}ywz~T{soxoJ{p{_~q}kwpwzv}z~sobxrtx}ywz~s}bwzvwu` x}yw~S}zywx}yv}z~s}y{d~cza|p{~poqx}ywzwz~ucu|z{z|~v}{y~h|l{sx{~n{xi{x|y|~rx}l` t}x}ywf~\{u{y~|v{zt|x|y{z{~p}ex}yf~t{soxoJ{~v|q{b~i|ht|t|u~x}kwtj~ V|q~Zoa}~Rrys~}vxw~|p|y{zv|~q{z|~[z}voxr~|\p}z|x|y{~g|~s}y{d{z|~wlwu srst}us}vwyj~]r~|p|yv|~Sy}nkoz_rz~}zs{u~s}y{d{z|~wlwu~srst}us}vwyj W{zob|_x{~ \{xoko\~ U{qoJ|z_{~ v|~ |sy}\xwa}~ }zx}st}us}vwyf~ nmsmz~ nrzx}y d|b{t{k~s}y}\wzv}z~n{x{zt|p{~i|y|u|z~i|yh|ux|y~g|~s|uy}y~s|uy}y~}y}lswywxwb {za|x|zt|p{~i|y|u{yf~uwp}a}pw~i|ht{l{t{kx|~qmkx|lt|u~g|~n}ywlt}u~vryr` trzv}qwkj~ V}x{u}yz}p~ ]}xwuhwpw_zwz~ |p|yx|y{z{z~ nmqmu~ n{y~ hoerzxrerzv} Rrz}zxwx}y}~u}ylw~}xss}z~}xs}~qou~p}qt}~g|~d|y~l|q{~[z}voxr_q}~t}x~|st| i{n{~n{y~h}n}~p|k{zx|z{qoyf~q}kwzwzv}~n}lwzv}~n|x{yss{e{t~i{n{~d{hn{y~umxsmy p}\~v|e{xv{yj [za}u~umxsmyx|y{z~g|~rqi}yxwewz~vmzq}~mk|y{zv|~n{y~n|l{e{~g}yp}~ov} [z}voxr_vryj V}x{u}yz}p~]}xwuhwpw~nrzr~}xswz~d}y\x|yx|~s}y{d{z~sokxr~y}\x}ywz}~q}ktwl |zv|y~q}k}yx}yv}z~n{y{v{yj

55

I|Q}s~Fry{8z{z~yot}zx}y^f j~Rmkq^x^z~{xu~q}y^p^zv} v|H{Q|z~sobxrt~uoQrxx}y^z^z oys}q}~h^u}yv^H^~q|z{~{zp}z^~i|s{y` t{Qs{yj~/xu~vcz|t{zv|~<}x^urQrf Urv}us}z~Z}xn|f~[uQ}t~Lmz|Q{ i{n{~p|ymg|z~qczm~}H^y~n}p}z yot}zx}y^zv}~n{x|~u{Q{x|y{z~vrq` irp}x~q}Q}tx}y^~mxu|~i|yh|u` x|y{zv|z~poqrsx}zt}v}z~g|y{x{yj V}xu}~rx}Q}z~{xu~cz|tx{~q}b^s^ <}x^urQr8zv}f~u{Q{x{H{z{z~n{x` {za{z|~g}yt}~}Q}t}p^zv}u{ u}v^z^~ucqf~u}p}n}f~umhmu~u|zs q}Q}t^~{h{zv|~icymymkj I|Q}s~Fry{8z{z~q{yt{q|~q}u^z yot}z^zv}~cHy|st|zf~t|tryf prn}qf~{Qh{f~ucqxmf~u|zsx{f~}pu|yf |pz}\~q}Qx^~i|zh~u}v^z~|yu|u mxu|t{k{z~{zp}zx}y^~nrxrzvrux}y^ h|gy|~g|~s}y{d~uoQrxx}y^~{h{zv| q}Q}yx}yj


Halide Edib Ad羸vaR S覺la Erciyes

Fidf]hjQ]fWj\]_Lie M4468s|~ /ps}znrx8v}~ voHvrj 1pumv}y~ [t|y{u}z~ Zox|J{zv| ourvrj~ Ucz|t{z~ s}z^zt^Q~ u{Q{` x|y{zv|z~ sobxrtn{x{tf~ \|xp|\|f t}s|t}s{u~ v|ypx|y{~ }x}y}u~ q|s{Qs{j /xu~ |gx{x{H{z{~ t}s|t}s{uh{~ W}x{d 7|u{~ {x|~ q}bs^j~ /ps}znrx~ Z^k ;{p|p{_zv|f~ @Hy|st|z~ Kurxr_zv} s}y{df~ N|v}ioJ{~ cHy|st|zx{H{ q}bs^j~ Z}v^z~ d}ux}y^~ {x|~ {xi{x{ q}kv^H^~ q}k^x}yv}z~ vox}q^~ i|y{a{` x|y{z~ vmQt}zx^H^z^~ u}k}zv^j~ ]{y pmy|~ T^p^y8v}~ u}xv^j~ [yv^zv}z vczvm~ g|~ |H{st|zx{u~ q}bs^j Uousoy~[vz}z~>[v^g}y?x}~|gx|zv{j 7{q}~ Lcu}xbf~ Cr}v~ Zcbymxmf V}tvrxx}d~ Wrbd{f~ Tj~ Ot{z Rryv}urx8x}~ n{yx{us|~ YSmyu Ka}H^Xz^z~V}yp~g|~/x{t~uryrxrz} p|h{xv{9~ U}ymx\mzrz~ ]}s^ Ov|n{q}s^~ doa}x^H^z}~ }s}zv^j T|s|y}u|~q^xx}y^zv}~{xpoz~by|z` p{bx|y{~g|~[t|y{u}z~t}zv}p^~{h{z sobx}zs^x}y~vmk|zx|v{j~

V

}x{v|~ Ov{nf~ |v|n{q}s~ vmzq}pwz}~ V}x{v|~ W}x{d~ {tk}pwqx}~ S}z{z i}k|s|p{zv|~ q}qwzx}z}z~ cqumx|y{qx|~ i{yv{j~ Wozy}~ Y:|dn}xXf Y]mqmu~T|atr}Xf~YTrp}gg|y~Trd{sXf~YI|p{tx{~Z{s}bX~v|yi{` x|y{zv|~ q}kvwj~ Z|zv{~ h}ev}lx}yw~ i{n{~ Ov|n{q}s`w~ D|v{v|~ n|e|z{p{z| rqirz~ t|zpry~ l{{y~ smymzv|~ cyz|ux|y~ g|yv{j~ Pxu~ yot}zw~ YW|g{q|~ S}x{bX >MGM=?~nmqmu~{xi{qx|~u}ylwx}zvwj~@qumx|y{zv|~i|zh~u}vwz~bp{uoxoJ{p{z| v}q}z}z~ uozrx}yw~ {lx|t|q|~ ck|z~ icps|yv{j~ Pxu~ cqumx|y{z{~ MGMM_v| YV}y}b~T}n|sx|yX~}vwqx}~n{y}y}q}~i|s{yv{j :muy}z~ Zryv}urx~ Y<}ev}l~ Smyu~ Ov|n{q}swX~ }vxw~ h}xwlt}pwzv} V}x{v|~ Ov{b_{z~ cqumx|y{~ {x|~ {xi{x{~ lr~ v|e|yx|zv{yt|x|yv|~ nrxrzrqoyj YV}x{v|~Ov{n_{z~{xu~u{s}nw~V}y}b~T}n|sx|y_v|~sobx}vwew~cqumx|yf~u|zv{` z{~}y}t}~|gy|p{zv|u{~n{y~q}k}ywz~mymzx|y{v{yj~]rzx}ywz~n|xx{~n{y~s|uz{u |y{lu|zx{e|~rx}lswux}yw~pcqx|z|t|kj~Zoa}x}ywqx}~yrdp}x~g|~a{zp|x~rqrl` t}kxwu~{h{zv|~oxvrux}yw~d}xv|~q}l}tx}ywzw~pmyvmy|z~|lx|y~>{ps|y{u?f~mg|q }z}x}y~>[z}xwu~Urqirx}yw?f~v|e{l{u~q}l~|gy|x|y{zv|u{~}lux}ywz~|su{p{zv| u}x}z~ drkryprk~ u}vwzx}yjjj~ cqumx|y{z~ n}lxwa}~ u{l{x|y{~ ox}y}u~ icymzmyj R}k}yf~yot}zx}ywzv}u{~i{n{f~i|z|xx{ux|~u}vwz~u{l{x|y{z~h{k{t{z|f~ozx}ywz {h~vmzq}x}ywzw~q}zpwst}q}~ck|z~icps|y{yj~Oyu|u~u{l{x|y~`hou~i|z|x~h{ki{` x|y{qx|~g|y{xv{e{zv|z`~a}zpwkvwyx}yj~>jjj?~R}k}yf~u}vwza}~vrq}yxwewz~|i|` t|z~ oxvrer~ smta|x|y~ {h{zv|~ `u{t{~ h}ev}lx}yw~ i{n{`~ Ov|n{q}s`w~ D|v{v| s}tx}t}x}ywz}~ vmlumzvmyj~ U{}xoH}~ qou~ v|z|a|u~ u}v}y~ }k~ q|y~ g|` y{xv{e{zv|z~ u{l{x|yf~ yrdp}x~ hckmtx|t|x|yx|~ q}zpwswxt}q}~ h}xwlwxwyj ]rzx}ywz~hoer~k}qw\swyjX @qumx|y{z{~ sobx}vwew~ v{e|y~ n{y~ |p|y{~ {p|~ YU}e}~ <wu}z~ ZrysXsryf MGAA_v|~q}qwzx}zwyj~:muy}z~Zryv}urx~}qzw~|p|yv|~nr~u{s}bs}u{~cqumx|y{` z{~lcqx|~v|e|yx|zv{y{yB~Y]{y{za{~Umzq}~W}g}lw~pozy}pw~mymzm~ox}z~U}e} <wu}z~ Zrys_s}~ V}x{v|~ Ov{n_{z~ sobxrt}~ }hwxvwewf~ vcz|t{z~ poyrzx}ywz} n}exw~ uozrx}y~ {h{zv|~ v|e{l{u~ u{l{x|y{~ {lx|v{e{~ icymxmyj~ S|uz{e{~ q|su{z` x|lt{lf~ pckamu~ vmzq}pw~ k|zi{zx|lt{ls{yj~ @qumpmz|~ i|s{yv{e{~ u{l{x|y{z }qyw~}qyw~n|x{yt|p{z|~ck|z~icps|yv{e{~pcqx|z|n{x{yj~<|gy|~n|x{yst|x|y{z{f }y}hf~ sobxrt~ g|~ voe}~ {x{lu{x|y{z{~ q}zpwst}v}f~ q|y~ g|~ voe}~ n|s{t` x|t|x|y{zv|f~v{}xoix}ywzv}~n|a|y{x|y~u}k}ztwlswyjX Fidf]hjQ]fW@fgjK[bigdie_ V}x{v|~Ov{nf~YW|g{q|~S}x{bXf~YV}zv}zXf~YT|g_rs~VmumtX~yot}z` x}ywzv}~u{l{x{e{z{~u}nrx~|ss{yt|u~{ps|q|z~u}vwzwz~poyrzx}ywzw~|x|~}xwyj~]r u}vwz~ i|zh~ uwkxwewzv}~ }{x|p{~ s}y}\wzv}z~ {q{~ |e{s{t~ g|y{xt{lf~ v{x~ n{x|zf tmk{us|z~ }zx}q}zf~ nryJrg}~ u}vwz~ s{b{v{yj~ V}x{v|~ Ov{n_{z~ [z}voxr_q}

56


i|h{l{qx|~n{yx{us|~q|z{~n{y~vcz|t~n}lx}y~yot}zwzv}j~[z}voxr~{zp}zwzw s}zwt}pw~ ozrz~ yot}zx}ywz}~ q|z{~ u}y}us|yx|y~ ox}y}u~ q}zpwyj~ Y[s|ls|z Lctx|uXf~Y3ryrz~Z}db|q|X~yot}zx}ywzv}~Zrysrxrl~W}g}lw_z}~u}swx}z {zp}zx}y~cz~bx}zv}vwy~}yswuj S|y}uu{b|yg|y~ Drtdry{q|s~ Cwyu}pw_zwz~ Pps{ux}x~ T}du|t|p{ s}y}\wzv}z~ u}b}swxt}pw~ mk|y{z|~ mxu|~ vwlwz}~ hwuswew~ vcz|tv|~ q}kvwew YW{z|ux{~ ]}uu}xXfX~ S}s}yawuXf~ YWozprk~ N}z}qwyX~ }vxw~ yot}zx}ywzv} hoaruxrer~ g|~ {xu~ i|zhx{e{zv|~ q}l}vwew~ vcz|t{z~ ck|xx{ux|y{~ {h{zv|u{ {zp}zw~q}zpwst}q}~h}xwlwyj~V}x{v|~Ov{n~Uoer`]}sw~poyrzr~{x|~rey}ltwl n{y~q}k}yvwyj~ SfghcdfjMiccid W{z|ux{~]}uu}xf~[up}y}q_v}~W{z|ux{n}uu}x~T}d}xx|p{_zv|~q}l}q}z {zp}zx}ywz~}zx}swxvwew~n{y~yot}zvwyj~&&j~[nvmxd}t{s~vcz|t{~i|ht{l~n{y }yu}~bx}z~ox}y}u~g|y{x{yj~Opu{~g|~q|z{~h}swlt}pwzw~{kx|y~g|~z|x|y{z~}xwzwb z|x|y{z~ y|s~ |v{x|a|e{~ mk|y{z|~ vryryj~ T}d}xx|~ {t}twzwz~ uwkw~ Ot{z| n}n}pwzwz~ u}ylw~ hwut}pwz}~ y}et|z~ oys}oqrzar~ g|~ n}uu}x~ S|g\{u_x| |gx|z{yj~Ogx{x{u~uwp}~pmy|yj~Ot{z|~uwkw~I}n{}~{x|~n{yx{us|~n}n}~|g{z|~i|y{ vcz|yj~W|p{~hou~imk|x~ox}z~I}n{}_qw~{t}t~d}\wk~g|~t|gxrsd}z~ox}y}u q|s{ls{y{yj~W{z|ux{~]}uu}x_wz~I}n{}_pw~trd}\}k}u}y~scy|x|yx|~n}ywlwuswyj R}k}y~n{k|~ozr~lr~pckx|yx|~s}zwswyB~YF|\p{z{~uoyrt}u~{h{z~|sy}\x}ywzwz y|zi{z{~ }x}z~ urlx}y~ g|~ nca|ux|y~ i{n{~ o~ v}~ qmkmzmf~ s}gywzw~ g|~ p|p{z{f trd{s{z{z~ imxt|q|zf~ |ex|zt|q|z~ pwuwzswxw~ {\}v|p{z|~ rqvrytrlsrjX >W{z|ux{~ ]}uu}xf~ @kimy~ R}qwzx}ywf~ pjA+?~ I}n{}_zwz~ s|u~ {pq}zwf~ n|n|u v{ut|q{~n{h{t~q}y}st}q}~|l~n{y~imz}d~p}q}z~nmqmu~n}n}pwzwz~|t{y` x|y{z|~ y}et|z~ u|zv{z|~ twpwy~ bmpumxmzv|z~ q}bwxtwl~ rkrz~ p}hxwf~ t}g{ nozaru~ickxm~n{y~s|u~uwytwkw~nozarus}z~}ewk~uozrxtrl~n{y~n|k~n|n|u v{ut|p{v{yj~>pjA.? W{z|ux{n}uu}x~T}d}xx|p{_z{z~n{y~n}lu}~p}u{z{~{p|~[nvmxd}t{v_{z 7}bs{q|~ F}kwyw~ W|x{t~ N}l}f~ u}ywpw~ g|~ oerxx}yw~ V{xt{_v{yj~ W|x{t~ N}l} s}t}t|z~ |pu{~ k}t}z~ }v}twvwyj~ W}xs}z}sw~ {x}d{~ n{y~ d}u~ v{q|~ s}zwy~ g| b}v{l}d}~trd}x{\~ox}zw~`u{t~oxryp}~oxprz`~}uy|b~i{n{~|kt|q{f~7}bs{q| F}kwyw_zwz~ g}k{\|p{~ ox}y}u~ icymyj~ Kzrf~ |z~ hou~ h{x|v|z~ hwu}y}z~ l|q9 YL|zh~ SmyuxmuX~ x}uwyvwpwvwyj~ Oz~ u|q{\x{~ oxvrer~ }ul}tf~ trsx}u~ n{y L|zh~ Smyu_|~ pob}~ }sswyvwewf~ {lu|za|~ |ss{e{f~ g}bry}~ uoqrb~ pmyvmem imzmz~ }ul}twvwyj~ Kqp}~ oexr~ V{xt{_v|~ L|zh~ Smyux|y_v|z~ n{y{v{yj I}n{}_zwz~ n}n}pw~ S|g\{u~ V{xt{_q|~ q}yvwt~ |ss{e{~ {h{z~ W|x{t~ N}l} s}y}\wzv}z~{lu|za|~|v{x{y~g|~:}t_}~pmymxmyj~Kexr~v}~pmyimzv|z~urysr` x}t}kj~ ]rzrz~ mk|y{z|~ W|x{t~ N}l}~ icy|g{z{~ nwy}uwb~ uclu|~ h|u{x{yj T|lyrs{q|s_{z~{x}zw~{x|~S|g\{u~pmyimzv|z~n{y~u}dy}t}z~ox}y}u~vcz|yj W|x{t~N}l}_zwz~u}ywpw~W}n{d}~V}zwt~I}n{}_zwz~p|p{z|~d}qy}zvwyj W|p{z{~v}d}~v}~i|x{ls{yt|p{~{h{z~t|gx|g{~:|qd{~3|dn{~O\|zv{_v|z~v|yp }xt}pwzw~ p}ex}yj~ I}n{}~ mzxm~ n{y~ t|gxmsd}z~ oxryj~ Ps}xq}z~ tmk{pq|z N|y|iy{z{~ oz}~ }lwu~ oxryj~ N|y|iy{z{~ Tmpxmt}z~ v|e{xv{yj~ Kz~ n|l~ qwxvwy Pps}znrx_v}~ q}l}q}z~ n{y~ b}b}kvwyj~ [t}~ i|h{yv{e{~ M.~ qwxwz~ }yvwzv}z u|zv{z{~ Tmpxmt}zx}y}~ v}~ q}uwz~ d{pp|v|yj~ YU{xf~ v{zf~ t{xx|s~ nrzx}y {zp}zx}ywz~yrd~{ux{t{zv|z~n}lu}~n{y~l|q~v|e{xj~L}ynwz~yrd~{ux{t{~n}z} hou~ poeru~ i|xv{j~ :}yu~ {ux{t{zv|~ pmurz~ g|~ l{\}~ }ywqoyrtjXv|yj~ I}n{} Tmpxmt}z~oxt}pw~uolrxrqx}~|gx|z{yj~]{y~hoarux}yw~oxryj

57

/kt{y8{z~ {Qi}x{~ {x|~ n{yx{us| [vz}z~ [v^g}y~ {x|~ n{yx{us| [z}voxr8q}~ i|hs{j~ Drtdry{q|s8{z {x}z^zv}z~ pozy}~ Uyj~ [vz}z [v^g}y8^z~ I}r\~ Kyn}qf~ Z}k^t Z}y}n|u{yf~ [x{~ Cr}v~ D|n|poq8x} n{yx{us|~ uryrarx}y^~ }y}p^zv} nrxrzvrHr~ S|y}uu{b|yg|y Drtdry{q|s~ C^yu}p^8z^z~ u}b}s^x` t}p^~ mk|y{z|~ MGA.8s|~ qrys~ v^Q^z} h^us^j~ UczmQmqx|~ MG6=8}~ /ps}znrx 1z{g|yp{s|p{8zv|~ /zi{x{k~ C{xoxoJ{p{ Zmypmpm~ ]}Qu}z^~ oxvrj~ MG.= q^x^zv}~ /kt{y8v|z~ t{xx|sg|u{x{ p|h{xv{j~ ]{y~ vcz|t~ pmy|z~ t{x` x|sg|u{xx{H{zv|z~h|u{xv{~g|~mz{g|y` p{s|v|u{~ icy|g{z{~ v|g}t~ |ss{yv{j MG+68v|~cxvmj


Iot}zv}~ sobxrtrz~ n{y~ hou~ u|p{t{z{~ nrxryrkj~ Zoz}u~ g|~ q}xw h|gy|p{zv|~ umt|x|z|z~ poqxrx}yf~ p}y}qv}~ icy|gx{~ u{l{x|yf W{z|ux{n}uu}x_wz~ qouprx~ {zp}zx}ywjjj~ Sobxrtp}x~ ox}qx}yv}z~ poqrsx}z` t}v}z~ }zx}swy~ n{k|~ I}n{}_zwz~ hoaruxrerf~ {xu~ i|zhx{u~ vcz|tx|y{z{jjj Pps}znrx_rz~v|e{l{u~qmkx|y{z{~icymymkj~R{z|~:muy}z~Zryv}urx_rz~v|e|y` x|zv{yt|p{z|~n}lgry}a}u~oxryp}uf~YW{z|ux{n}uu}x_wz~u{l{x|y{z{z~n|xx{~n{y pmy|h~ {h{zv|~ sobxrtx}~ n{yx{us|~ v|e{lt|x|y{~ yot}zwz~ i|x{lt|p{~ {h{zv| ox}e}z~n{h{tv|~g|y{x{yj~R}k}y~u{l{x|y{z{z~n{x{zt|v{u~qczx|y{z{z~u}xt}` t}pwz}~ck|z~icps|y{yj~R}z~ox}qx}yx}~u{l{x|y~}y}pwzv}~y}psx}zswx}ywz~noxa} oxt}pwz}~u}ylwz~ox}qx}y~i|yh|u~vwlw~{kx|z{t{~nwy}ut}kx}yj~Z{t{~g|p{x|x` |yx|~scy|p|x~ck|xx{ux|y{z~q}zpwswxt}u~{ps|zv{e{~u|p{tx|yv|qp|~}qzw~voe}x` xwux}~u}ylwx}lt}~ox}z}ew~qousryjX>}jij|f~pj5AG?

Peyami Safa stanbul'da doğdu (1899). İki yaşındayken babası şair İsmail Safa'nın ölümü üzerine annesi tarafından yetiştirildi. İlkokuldan sonra öğrenimini sürdürme olanağı bulamadı. Yetiştiği yıllar kendi kendine Fransızca öğrenmiş, küçük yaşlarında Karanlıklar Kralı (1913) adlı tek öykülük bir kitapçık çıkarmıştı. I. Dünya Savaşı'nın bitiminde ağabeyi ile birlikte kurduğu “Yirminci Asır” gazetesinde yayımladığı öykülerle edebiyat çevrelerinin dikkatini çekti. Gazetesini kapatmak zorunda kalınca “Vakit”te çalışmaya başladı. Ölümüne değin “Akşam”, “Cumhuriyet”, “Tan”, “Tasvir”, “Ulus”, “Milliyet”, “Tercüman”, “Son Havadis” gazetelerinde fıkra yazarlığı, başyazarlık yaptı. “Kültür Haftası”, “Türk Düşüncesi” dergilerini çıkardı. Nazım Hikmet'le birlikte “Resimli Ay” dergisinin sürekli yazan kalemleri arasında sosyalizme yandaş olarak tanınmışken, İkinci Dünya Savaşı yıllarında faşizmin savunuculuğunu yapan başlıca yazarlardan biri kimliğinde göründü.

İ

\`hU`hgj85bdhc Pps}znrx_xr~n{y~}qvwz~ox}z~N|q}t{_z{z~}zw~v|\s|y{~l|ux{zv|~q}kwxtwl n{y~ |p|yv{yj~ Pkt{y_{z~ {li}x{~ {x|~ |l{z{~ g|~ hoarer~ u}qn|v|z~ Pkt{yx{ [ql|_z{z~Pps}znrx_}~}uy}n}pw~N|q}t{x|y{z~|g{z|~i|x{l{~{x|~n}lx}y~ox}qx}yj N|q}t{f~ ]{zn}lw~ Pdp}z~ g|~ [ql|~ urysrxrl~ p}g}lwz}~ u}swxt}u~ {h{z [z}voxr_q}~ i|h|yx|yj~ [ql|~ d|tl{y|x{u~ q}b}yj~ ~ ]{zn}lw~ Pdp}z~ [ql|_q| }lwuswy~ [ql|~ v|~ oz}f~ }t}~ k}\|yv|z~ cza|~ ncqx|~ n{y~ {x{lu{q{~ voeyr icyt|q|z~ [ql|~ s|ux{\{~ u}nrx~ |st|kj~ N|q}t{~ v|~ [ql|_q|~ }lwuswy~ }t} ozx}ywz~ vrqirx}ywzw~ v}~ d{pp|v|yj~ N|q}t{~ smt~ q}l}z}zx}yw~ d}ps}z| ov}pwzv}~cxmtm~n|ux|yu|z~srssrer~}zw~v|\s|y{z|~q}k}y}u~n{k|~}zx}swyj [s|ls|z~ Lctx|u_{z~ {xu~ ncxmtx|y{~ Pps}znrx_v}~ i|h|yj~ Pps}znrx_rz Pzi{x{kx|y~ s}y}\wzv}z~ {li}x~ |v{xt|p{~ imzv|tv|v{yj~ :{lx{~ i{n{~ p|tsx|y{z u}xnrympsm~{zp}zx}ywzwz~s|b|x|y{zv|~vox}z}z~Pzi{x{k~rh}ux}ywzv}z~y}d}s` pwkxwu~vrqt}x}ywz}~l}l}y}u~n}u}y~q}k}yj~YPps}znrx_rz~n{y~q}zw~u}ziy|z oxtrl~ n{y~ t{xx|s{z~ u}xn{~ i{n{~ a|y}d}s~ p}h}y}u~ }uwqoyf~ n{y~ q}zw~ i|zhf oxt}q}a}u~ d}q}xx|y|~ {t}z~ |st{lf~ q|bq|z{~ hoarux}y~ i{n{~ uozrlrqoyf nmsmz~a}zwqx}~nr~q|z{~g|~i|x|a|u~vmzq}~g|~ymq}pwqx}~q}lwqoyjX N|q}t{~ g|~ [ql|_z{z~ [z}voxr_q}~ i|h{lx|y{qx|~ n{yx{us|~ yot}z~ n{k| p}g}l~ a|bd|x|y{z{~ }zx}st}q}~ n}lx}yj~ W}g}l}~ u}swx}z~ {zp}zx}yw~ }n}ys` t}v}z~u|zv{~voe}xxwux}yw~{h{zv|~g|y|n{xt{ls{yj~N|q}t{~V}y{a{q|~t|tr` yrvryj~Y[dy|s|~g|~}dy|ss|~yrdx}y~oxvrerz}~{z}z}z~n}p{s~n{y~}v}twtX~v|y u|zv{~ {h{zj~ Rwxx}y~ cza|~ }zz|p{~ ozr~ [ql|~ {x|~ |gx|zv{yt|u~ {ps|y~ }t}~ o u}nrx~ |st|k~ g|~ [xt}zq}_q}~ u}v}y~ u}h}y~ i{v|yj~ [ql|~ Trun{x~ ]|q_x| |gx|z{y~ g|~ n{y~ hoarux}yw~ oxryj~ [y}v}z~ qwxx}y~ i|h|yj~ N|q}t{~ 5+~ q}lwz} i|xt{l~n{y~}v}tvwyj~[ql|_z{z~t}g{~ickx|y{~{h{z~qox}~hwu}y~[z}voxr_q} voeyrj Y]|z~ [s|ls|z~ Lctx|u~ {pt{zv|~ n{y~ [z}voxr~ yot}zw~ q}k}a}ewtX v{q|z~ R}urb~ Z}vy{_q|~ n|z~ v|~ n{y~ [s|ls|z~ Lctx|u~ q}k}a}ewt~ v|y V}x{v|~ Ov{nj~ R}urb~ Z}vy{~ {p|f~ YR}bt}qwzwk~ n}lu}~ yot}z~ {pt{~ qou trEX~ v|yj~ [t}~ V}x{v|~ Ov{n~ nr~ {pt{z~ |su{p{zv|z~ urysrx}t}kj Y[z}voxr_q}~ n}u}yu|zf~ [z}voxr_qr~ d{pp|v|yu|z~ p}v|a|~ [s|ls|z Lctx|u~ v{qoyrtj~ W{k{z~ nr~ u}v}y~ n}l}ywqx}~ nrxvrerzrk~ {pt{~ }xt}qw vmlmz|t|q|a|u~ u}v}y~ vmymps~ n{y~ t|px|us}lswtjX~ Wckmzv|~ vry}t}k V}x{v|~Ov{nj~Y[zu}y}_q}~rkrz~n{y~{k{zx|~vczvmemt~imzx|yv|~n{yv|zn{y| |pu{~k}t}zx}ywz~yot}z~q}kt}u~drtt}pwz}~srsrxvrtj~Z}ylwt}~n{yv|z` n{y|~hwu}z~N|q}t{x|yf~Pdp}zx}yf~[ql|x|y~n{y~hoaru~wpy}ywqx}~d{u}q|x|y{z|

58


[s|ls|z~ Lctx|u~ v{qoyx}yvwj~ ]r~ {z}shw~ hoarux}y}~ nr~ {pt{~ urxx}zt}u voeyr~ox}t}q}a}ewzw~o~u}v}y~pcqx|v{t9~o~u}v}y~n}lu}~{p{tx|y~nrxvrt9 n|z{~v{zx|t|v{x|yj~>jjj?~<oaru~i{n{~osryvrtf~{u{~}q~|lp{k~n{y~d|q|a}z {h{zv|~|p}px}yw~srzhs}z~ox}z~{zp}zx}yw~h}tryv}z~qoeryvrtjX Y[s|ls|z~Lctx|uX~n{y~yot}z~{pt{z{z~cs|p{zv|~}zx}tx}y~u}k}zwz` a}~ V}x{v|~ Ov{n~ R}urb~ Z}vy{_v|z~ ckmy~ v{x|yj~ YW{k|~ v|~ nr~ u}v}y [z}voxr_q}~ q}uwl}z~ g|~ u|zv{~ n}lwz}~ n{y~ l}d|p|y~ ox}z~ {p{t~ {h{z s|l|uumy~|st|u~g|~p{kv|z~}\~v{x|t|u~{ps|y{tj~Ppt{z~urvy|s{z{z~|p|yv|z imhxm~oxt}pw~n|z{t~u}n}d}s{t~v|e{xv{yjX Fig]ig MGMA~ q^x^zv}~ YS}z{zX~ i}k|s|p{zv|~ ncxmt~ ncxmt~ q}q}zx}z}z YV}zv}zX~ }qz^~ q^x~ u{s}bx}Qs^y^x^yj~ Iot}z~ t|usrbx}yx}~ uryrxtrQsryj Kx}qx}y^z~ i|hs{H{~ vcz|t~ MG==8mz~ n}Qx}y^v^yj~ R}x^~ {zp}zx}y^z^~ uozr |v{z{yj~D|t}x~]|q~g|~u^kx}y^z^z~|sy}\^zv}~vcz|z~n{y~ox}qx}y~nmsmzmvmyj I|\{u~ D|t}x8{z~ }yu}v}Q^~ W|yg|y8|~ |gx{x{u~ t}a|y}p^z^~ }zx}ss^H^~ t|u` srbx}yx}~ s}z^y^k~ V}zv}z8^j~ I|\{u~ D|t}x~ V}zv}z8^z~ q{H|z{~ F|y{t}z8^z uoa}p^v^yj~ V}zv}z~ smt~ |g~ d}xu^z^z~ ickv|p{v{yj~ @k|xx{ux|~ v| F|y{t}z8^zj~ Kz}~ srsurqx}~ n}Hx^v^yj~ @xmtmz|~ u}v}y~ v}~ q}z^zv}~ o~ q|y }x^yj~ V}zv}z~u|zv{z|~}Q^u~ox}z~F}k^t8^~u}nrx~|st|k~g|~ozrz~{zs{d}y} pmymux|zt|p{z|~ z|v|z~ oxryj~ Z}nrx~ |st|t|~ z|v|z{~ F}k^t8^z~ u|zv{z| n{y~|Q~v|H{x~Yt}up}v^z~u^k^X~}y}v^H^~vmQmza|p{v{yj~F}k^t~|gx|zt|~s|u` x{\{zv|~nrxrzryu|z~Yn|z~n{y~popq}x{psf~n{y~{ds{x}xa{f~n|z~d}q}s^~tr}qq|z oxt}q}z~n{y~Q|q{tX~v|y~g|~|ux|y~Yp{k~v|~nr~}s|Qf~u}zf~vrt}z~g|~cxmt q}b}zx}yv}z~ oxry~ trprzrkEX~ V}zv}z~ ncqx|~ n{y~ |gx|zt|~ s|ux{\{zv|z hou~y}d}sp^k~oxry~g|~n{y}kv}~{z}sx}~y|vv|v|yj~Y]}z}~s|ux{\~|ss{H{~nr~{kv{` g}hs}~ |up{u~ n{y~ Q|q~ g}yv^B~ ]|z{~ t}up}v^qx}~ |gx|zv{y{qoyvrf~ u|zv{qx| v|H{xjX~Kqp}~F}k^t~u|zv{~{x|~n{yx{us|~tma}v|x|~|v|a|u~imhxm~n{y~u}v^z }y}t}us}v^yj~ Kzr~ |g|~ n}Hx}t}q}a}uj~ ]r~ vmQmza|p{zv|~ v|~ hou p}t{t{v{yj~V|y~z|~u}v}y~|p|y~nrzr~{z}zv^y^a^~n{y~Q|u{xv|~g|y|t|p|~v|j V}zv}z~ u|zv{zv|z~ |b|q~ nmqmu~ Vmpzm~ N}Q}~ {x|~ |gx|z{yj~ ]{yx{us| [gyrb}8q}~i{v|yx|yj~[t}~Vmpzm~N}Q}~p}v^u~n{y~|Q~v|H{xv{yj~Ogx{x{u~v^Q^ {x{Qu{x|y~ozrz~q}Q}t~s}yk^v^yj~V}zv}z8v}z~{p|~s}t~n{y~p}v}u}s~{ps|t|u` s|v{yj~ ]{y~ vcz|t~ u|zv{z{~ [gyrb}~ n}Qu|zsx|y{z{z~ p}z}s~ vmzq}p^~ {x| t|Qirx~|v|z~V}zv}zf~trsprkxrHrz~{h{zv|~cxmt|~u}v}y~pmymux|z{yj muy}z~ Zryv}urx~ V}zv}z~ d}uu^zv}f~ YV}zv}zf~ ozryr~ {x|~ u|zv{p{ }y}p^zv}~v|zi|~b|Q{zv|~uoQ}z~n{y~nryJrg}~u^k^~t^v^yE~Roup}f~u|zv{p{` z{~ p}z}s~ g|~ vmQmz~ vmzq}p^z}~ }v}t^Q~ q|su{z~ n{y~ u{Q{x{u~ t{v{yE~ ]|xx{ oxt}kj~R}Q}t^z^z~|z~cz|tx{~ox}q^f~|gx|zt|~uozrprzv}u{~vmQmza|x|y{ p^y}v}zf~ u{Q{x{up{k~ i|zh~ u^kx}yv}~ icymx|n{x|a|u~ smyv|zv{yjX~ Iot}z u}dy}t}zx}y^z^z~d{hn{y{p{~{z}zv^y^a^~v|H{xv{yj~Rmk|qp|x~n{y~|x|~}x^Q~pck uozrprvry~|p|yv|j~T|usrbx}y^~\}yux^~u}x|tx|yv|z~h^ut}p^z}~y}Ht|z~o u{Q{x|y{z~u|zv{p{z{~nrx}t}q^k~t|usrbs}j~[qz^~u}x|tv|z~h^u}z~t|usr` bx}yv^yj Smt~|up{ux|y{z|~y}Ht|z~u|zv{z{~g}y|st|q|~h}x^Q}z~u}v^z^~nrxr` yrk~ V}x{v|~ Ov{n8{z~ yot}zx}y^zv}j~ ]r~ }h^v}z~ ickv|z~ i|h{y{xt|p{~ g| {za|x|zt|p{~ i|y|u|z~ |p|yx|y~ n^y}ut^Qs^yj~ Smyu~ Ov|n{q}s^zv}~ u}v^z u}dy}t}zx}y^z~p|ymg|z{z{~{kx|t|u~{q{~n{y~h}x^Qt}~ox}a}us^yj

59

40 yılı aşkın bir süre içinde fıkra, makale, araştırma öykü ve roman türlerindeki verimli çalışmalarıyla düşün ve sanat dünyamızın etkili kişiliklerinden biri olarak görünen Peyami Safa, Server Bedii takma adını kullanmadığı- 11 roman, 7 öykü kitabı yayımlamıştır. Romanları arasında, Sözde Kızlar, 9. Hariciye Koğuşu, Fatih-Harbiye sosyalizme eğilim duyduğu yılların; Bir Tereddüdün Romanı, Matmazel Noralya'nın Koltuğu, Yalnızız'ı idealist felsefeyi benimsediği yılların ürünleri arasında sayabiliriz. Genellikle üzerinde durulan yapıtları da bunlar olmuştur.


Munzur(L)A Akmak Gezi Notları

&

yt}u~wyt}u~ox}xw~z|~v|g{z{tx|yf~z|~qmy|ux|y~icytmlsmyf z|~p|px|y~vrqtrlsryjjj~}t}~d}zi{p{~Trzkry~i{n{~qcy|` p{z|~pck~oxryf~p}k~oxry9~d}zi{p{~v}ex}ywz~uoqzrzv}u{x|y| a}z~ oxryf~ d}zi{p{~ {zp}zwz}~ s}y{d~ oxryE~ Pls|~ nrzv}zvwy~ u{ cqx|p{z|~ aolurz~ }u}y~ Trzkryjjj~ Lcy|zx|y{z{k~ n{x{yf~ |x pmy|zx|y{z{kjjj~ U|yp{t_|~ a}z~ u}s}y~ aolurzxrerf~ y|zi{f vourprjjj~ U|yp{t_~ v|~ nr~ qwx~ A4`5M~ S|ttrk~ s}y{dx|y{~ }y}pwzv} i|yh|ux|l|z~ Trzkry~ Uoe}~ g|~ Zmxsmy~ C|ps{g}x{_z{zMMj_p{ vmk|zx|zv{j~Rwx~noqrza}~n|ux|z|z~\|ps{g}xf~l|dy{z~{xh|x|y{` z{~ v|~ u}bp}q}z~ h|l{sx{~ \|ps{g}xx|yx|~ n}lx}vwj~ ]{kx|y~ v| [qwlwew~W}z}s~T|yu|k{~ox}y}u~0j~u|k~i{v|a|e{t{k~\|ps{g}x {h{z~ cz~ d}kwyxwux}y}~ n}lx}twlswuj~ Z{s}bx}yf~ v|yi{x|yf~ u}ys` bops}xx}yf~ }\{lx|yjjj~ R}b}a}ewtwk~ h}xwlt}zwz~ |up{up{k i|ht|p{~ {h{z~ nmqmu~ n{y~ ck|zx|~ ursrx}y}~ q|yx|ls{y{qoyvru d|y~ l|q{j~ UOUOC~ >U|yp{t~ U|yz|ux|y{~ C|v|y}pqozr?_{z oyi}z{k}pqozr~ {x|~ i{v|a|us{u~ d|y~ qwx~ oxvrer~ i{n{j C|ps{g}xx|y~ t|yu|kv|~ g|~ {xh|x|yv|~ oxt}u~ mk|y|~ {u{~ h|l{sj T|yu|kv|~ vcys~ imz~ pmymqoyj~ Pxh|x|yv|~ {p|~ n{y~ g|~ {u{~ imz }y}pwzv}~v|e{l{qoyj~A+~S|ttrk~imzm~qox}~hwuwqoyrkj~Ob|q u}x}n}xwu~ i{v{qoyrk~ nr~ qwxf~ d{h~ oxt}vwew~ u}v}y~ houj [y}twkv}~ U|yp{tx{~ ox}zx}y~ v}~ g}yj~ 2krz~ k}t}zvwy~ i{s` t|q|zx|y{z~d|q|a}zw~ickx|y{z{z~{h{z|~n}uwza}~}zx}lwxwqoyj Z{t{p{zv|~ }uy}n}x}ywzw~ ~ icy|a|u~ oxt}zwz~ d|q|a}zwf u{t{p{zv|~qwxx}y~pozy}~t|tx|u|s{z{z~d}g}pwzw~uoux}q}a}u oxt}zwz~d|q|a}zw~g}yj~]{yu}h~r\}u~}up}uxwu~vwlwzv}~qoxar` xru~ i}q|s~ {q{j~ Pzp}zx}yw~ ickx|tx{qoyrt~ n{y~ }y}j~ V|yu|p trsxrf~d|q|a}zxwjjj~}y}twkv}~}z}x}y~v}~g}yj~V|y~qwx~trsx}u} i{v{qoyx}ytwlf~\|ps{g}x~{p|~ozx}y~{h{z~n{y~n}lu}~p|n|b~oxr` qoyj~ [{x|a|~ i{v|zx|y~ n{x|~ g}yj~ ]r~ smy~ qoxarxru~ v|z|q{t{ ox}zx}y~n{x{yf~osonmps|~nrxrz}z~d|yu|p~rkrz~qwxx}yvwy~n{yn{y{` z{~s}zwqoy~i{n{v{yj~Smyumx|y~n{yx{us|~pcqx|z{yf~q{q|a|ux|y~n{y` x{us|~ q|z{yf~ podn|sx|y~ n{yx{us|~ q}bwxwyjjj~ Smt~ nrzx}yx} n|y}n|y~ A=~ p}}s~ pmy|z~ n{y~ qoxarxrerz~ }yvwzv}z~ U|yp{t_| i|xv{e{t{k{z~ {l}y|s{z{~ g|y{qoy~ Trzkryj~ T|yu|k|~ n{yu}h u{xot|sy|~u}x}~tox}~g|y{qoyrkj~Rox~u|z}ywzv}~|y{u~}e}hx}yw g}yf~ n{y}k~ cs|v|~ umhmu~ n{y~ l|x}x|~ g|~ n{k{~ uoxx}ywqx}~ p}y}z q|tq|l{x~ v}ex}y~ g}y~ |sy}\wtwkv}j~ Ky}v}f~ o~ }z~ v}ex}y} n}uwqoy~oxt}u~hou~l|q~}zx}swyj~Os|ux|y{~u}y}uoxx}yx}~h|gy{x{ v}ex}y}~ hwut}u~ q}p}uswyj~ [t}~ urx}e}~ hou~ l|q~ \wpwxv}y v}ex}y~oy}v}j~R}l}q}zx}ywzf~q}l}z}zx}ywz~s}zwewvwyj~U}ex}yf p{k|~oy}v}u{~}q}u~p|px|y{z{~vrqryryf~z}txrq}~rk}z}z~|x{z

Güz ‘11

61


p|p{z{f~n{y~u{s}nwz~h|gy{x|z~q}by}ewzwz~p|p{z{~vrq}ypwzwkj~ ]r~ umhmu~ tox}zwz~ }yvwzv}~ n{y~ uwpwt F}k{t{q|_v|u{~Umkimz~]}n}~C|ps{g}x{_z|~n{y~uwpwt~v} t|yu|k|~i{st|u~mk|y|~{u{q|~}qywxwqoyrkj~<mzum~oy}q} g}yvwewtwk~ A0~ S|ttrkf~ F}k{t{q|_v|~ Umkimz~ ]}n} C|ps{g}x{_z{z~ q}bwxvwew~ imzj~ ]|z~ U|yp{t~ t|yu|k|~ i{s` t|u~mk|y|~qox}~uoqrxrqoyrtj~L{v{b~ps}zvwtwkw~n{y~imz cza|p{zv|z~d}kwyx}t}t~i|y|u{qoyj~Roxv}~q}zwtv}~osr` y}z~g|~pozy}pwzv}~ps}zvwtwk}~pwu~pwu~rey}q}a}u~ox}z~n{y n}q}zx}~podn|s|~n}lxwqoyrkj~Z|zv{p{~Sy}nkozxrj~Ol{~g| uwkw~ IoJv}~ {x|~ n{yx{us|~ {xu~ v|\}~ \|ps{g}x~ {h{z~ U|yp{t_| i|x{qoyj~Uoe}x~q}l}t}~nmqmu~n{y~d}qy}zxwew~oxvrerzr icymqoyrtj~ ]ry}v}u{~ voe}q}~ v}~ d}qy}z~ u}xwqoyj U|yp{t_{z~ckimx~q}zwz}~v|e{z{qoyrkj~]ry}v}u{~voe}zwz imk|xx{e{~ ickmz|~ v}d}~ n{y~ n}lu}~ icymzmqoyj~ YU}ex}y} n}u}yu|z~hou~\}yuxw~l|qx|y~icymqoyrtf~p}v|a|~}e}hf~s}lf soby}u~v|e{xjjj~Z}y}v|z{k_{z~v}ex}yw~i{n{~v|e{x~nry}x}yjX v{qoyj~ Wozrzv}~t|yu|k|~i{y{qoyrkj~:|d{y~d}y|u|sx{f~q}yw` z}f~ q}z{~ \|ps{g}x{z~ n{y{za{~ imzmz|~ d}kwyxwux}y~ pmymqoyj ]|z~v|~{z|y~{zt|k~|x{tv|u{~|lq}x}yx}~ps}zsx}ywz~oxvrer W}z}s~ pou}e}~ voeyr~ i{v{qoyrtj~ ]{yhou~ p{q}p{~ q}bwzwz ps}zsx}yw~ g}yj~ Z|zv{~ ps}zvwtwkw~ nrxrza}~ i|s{yv{e{t~ u{` s}bx}ywf~ v|yi{x|y{f~ s}uwx}yw~ q|yx|ls{y{qoyrtj~ ]rzx}y~ v}d} n{y~ uwptwf~ |lq}x}ywz~ n{yhoer~ F}k{t{q|_v|j~ Ws}zvw~ q|y` x|ls{yv{us|z~ pozy}~ {xu~ {l~ ox}y}u~ n{k{~ rkrz~ k}t}zvwy s}zwq}z~ g|~ \|ps{g}xv|z~ \|ps{g}x|~ icyml|n{xv{e{t{k~ s}uw p}s}z~C|y{s~}n{q{~nrxt}u~oxrqoyj~K~}z~\}yu~|v{qoyrt~u{ ps}zvx}y~{u{q|~}qywxtwlj~]{y~ncxmt~s}uwf~i{q|a|uf~q{q|` a|u~gpj~v{e|y{~{p|~p{q}p{~q}bwx}ywz~ps}zsx}ywzwz~nrxrzvrer ncxmtj~]rzrz~n|x|v{q|~{x|~\|ps{g}x{~oyi}z{k|~|v|z~iyr` bx}ywz~ }zx}lt}kxwew~ pozrar~ oxrlsrerzr~ cey|z{qoyrt

pozy}pwzv}j~ [ul}t}~ voeyr~ C|y{s~ }n{q{~ icyt|~ \wyp}swt oxrqoyj~L|h|z~qwxx}yv}~ps}zs~}x}t}twlswf~nr~p|n|bx|~|z poz~q}bwx}z~\|ps{g}xv|~q}zxwlxwux}~smt~|lq}x}yw~hcb|~i{s` s{e{zv|~hou~mkmxtmlsmuj~[za}u~nr~qwx~C|y{s~}n{~u|zv{` p{z|~n{y~ps}zv~}xtwlf~|lq}x}ywzwz~h|l{v{z{~v|~|b|q~}ysswy` twlj~Z|zv{p{qx|~v}d}~pozy}~pwu~pwu~podn|s~|st|~\wyp}sw nrxvrertrk~o~imzf~uwp}~n{y~icymlt|z{z~}yvwzv}z~ps}z` v}~i|y{~vczmqoyrtj~C|ps{g}x~}x}zw~d|zmk~b|u~u}x}n}xwu v|e{x~}t}~ps}zvwtwk}~rey}q}zx}y~oxrqoy~q{z|~v|j~ T|yu|kv|u{~ \|ps{g}x{z~ {xu~ imzm~ Tma}v|x|~ ]{yx{e{ v|yi{p{~g|~@zpck~v}ewswtwqx}~n}lxwqoyj~V}g}~hou~pwa}uj Z|zs{z~p}u{zx|y{~v|~nr~pwa}ux}yv}z~|b|q~l{u}q|sh{f~}xwlwu oxt}vwux}yw~ n{y~ pwa}u~ pck~ uozrpr~ lr~ poz~ {u{~ qwxv}j ]rzrz~ p|n|n{z{~ poyvrertrkv}~ {p|~ Trzkry~ mk|y{z| q}bwx}z~ n}y}Jv}z~ u}qz}ux}zvwewzw~ pcqxmqoyx}yj~ ]}y}J U|yp{t_{z~ voe}x~ vourprzr~ v|e{ls{yt{l~ icymzmqoy~ nr }zx}tv}j~Smyu{q|~g|~Zmyv{ps}z_wz~h|l{sx{~q|yx|y{zv|~v| q}bwx}a}u~ox}z~nr~n}y}Jx}y~u}b{s}x{psx|y{z~box{s{u}x}ywzwz n{y~mymzmj~R}bwx}z~VOW_x|y~>V{vyo|x|usy{u~W}zsy}x{?~ncx` i|z{z~ {ux{t{z{~ v|e{ls{y|y|u~ voe}qw~ qou~ |v{qoyj~ ~ ]r vryrt~{p|~ncxi|v|u{~{zp}zx}yw~ich|~koyxrqoyj R}zwtwk}~n{y|y~pr~}xwb~qox}~uoqrxrqoyrk~`{u{~}vwt pozy}~prprqoyprzrk~hmzumj~@zpck~{x|~{xu~u|k~s}zwl}zx}y oxrqoyj~ ]{x{qoyprzrk~ cza|u{~ p}qwtwkwz~ u}b}ewzv} v|touy}p{~ \{v}zwzwz~ v{u{xv{e{~ S}dy{y~ t|qv}zw_zw p{ti|x|q|z~ n{y~ y|p{t~ g}yvwj~ U{uu}sx|y{~ {xu~ h|u|z~ nr oxrqoyj~ Ox{z|~ }xvwux}ywzv}~ u}b}us}u{~ y|pt{z~ z| oxvrerzrf~ z|q{~ }zx}sswewzw~ hwu}yt}q}~ >hoertrk~ A=j p}qwqw~|x{t{k|~}xvwewtwkv}~}qzw~l|q{~q}btwlswu?~h}xwlwq` oyx}yj~S}up{t_|~n|zk|s|zx|y~v|~oxrqoyj~[hwux}t}qw~q}b` swus}z~ pozy}~ {p|~ [y}b~ v|gy{tx|y{~ {x|~ n}lx}q}z~ podn|` s{t{kf~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}swz~ cz|t{z|~ v}{y~ h|l{sx{~ uozrx}yx}

62

Güz ‘11


pmymqoy~hoer~k}t}zj~R|t|e{z{~n{k{tx|~b}qx}lt}u~{ps|q|z` x|y~ oxrqoyf~ }za}u~ g}us{t{k~ o~ u}v}y~ rkrz~ v|e{xj~ @zpck ouryx}yw~{x|~v|~u}ylwx}lwqoyrkj~V}ss}~i|h|z~qwx~q{z|~\|ps{g}x vcz|t{zv|~ }xvwewzw~ pcqx|q|zx|y~ v|~ oxrqoyj~ R}zwzv}u{x|y| cz|y|zx|yf~}yu}v}lwz}~d|v{q|~ox}y}u~}x}zx}y~g}yj~ V|y~ qwx~ oxvrer~ i{n{~ \|ps{g}x~ ox}z~ {xh|x|yv|~ }ul}tx}yw h|l{sx{~p}z}shwx}ywz~oxvrer~uozp|yx|y~i|h|ux|l{qoyj~]r~uoz` p|yx|y|~k}t}z~k}t}z~u}swxt}~\wyp}sw~nrxrqoyrkj~C|ps{g}x{z v{e|y~imzx|y{zv|~Kg}awuf~Vok}sf~N|ys|u_|~v|~i{v{qoyrkj~]r {xh|x|yv|z~n}kwx}ywz}~{xu~u|k~i{st|~\wyp}sw~nrxrqoyrkj~V|y~n{y {xh|~ n{yn{y{zv|z~ imk|x~ {zp}zx}yw~ g|~ podn|sx|y{~ n}ywzvwywqoyj T|yu|kv|~ d|y~ }ul}t~ h|l{sx{~ uozrx}yv}~ b}z|xx|y~ q}bwxwqoyj N}z|xx|yf~ Zmys~ poyrzrf~ u}vwz~ poyrzrf~ VOW_x|yf~ voe}zwz s}dy{n}swf~ v|touy}p{f~ ~ a|k}|gx|y{~ i{n{~ uozrx}yw~ {h|y{qoyj YZ}vwz~ WoyrzrX~ g|~ YZmys~ WoyrzrX~ uozrxr~ b}z|xx|y|~ v| u}swxwqoyrkj~ Kxvruh}~ i|z{l~ u}swxwt}~ p}d{b~ b}z|xx|y~ h|l{sx{ p|ys~ s}yswlt}x}yw~ v}~ n|y}n|y{zv|~ i|s{y{qoyj~ U|yp{t_{z umxsmymzm~ nok}zf~ qokx}lswy}z~ p|n|bx|y~ s}yswlt}~ uozrpr oxrqoy~ n}k|zj~ [ul}twz~ {x|yx|q|z~ p}}sx|y{zv|~ \|ps{g}x{z oxvrer~q|yx|yv|~h|l{sx{~iyrbx}ywz~g|~p}z}shwx}ywz~uozp|yx|y{ v|~ oxvruh}~ u}x}n}xwu~ oxrqoyj~ W}v|a|~ b}z|x~ g|~ uozp|yx|y v|e{xf~imz~{h{zv|~ ]}kw~}ul}tx}y~Trzkry_rz~u|z}ywz}~{z{b~}s|l~q}ut}qw {dt}x~ |st{qoyrkj~ ]rzrz~ {h{z~ }l}ewq}~ ~ T}g{~ Zcbym_q| voeyr~ {x|yx{qoyrkj~ T}g{~ Zcbym_qm~ i|hs{us|z~ pozy}~ n{yhou h}vwyx}~u}ylwx}lwqoyrkj~C|ps{g}x~vcz|t{z|~ckim~nr~icymzsm d|y~ qwx~ oxrlrqoyj~ [za}u~ n}y}Jv}z~ u}qz}uxw~ qmup|x|z~ pr h}vwy~ }x}zx}ywzw~ |b|q~ v}y}xstwlj~ Wrqrz~ u|z}ywz}~ {zt|us| |b|q~ koyx}zwqoyrkf~ }q}ewtwk~ u}qvwew~ }zv}~ u|zv{t{k{ Trzkry_rz~poeru~prqrzv}~nrx}a}ewkj~[t}~qouf~p}e~p}x{t g}ywqoyrk~i{v|a|e{t{k~q|y|j~@za|~}s|l{~q}uwqoyrkj~V|yu|p }s|l{z~|sy}\wz}~sobx}zvwus}z~pozy}~imzmz~v|e|yx|zv{y{xt|p{` z{~q}bwqoy~g|~}yvwzv}z~smyumx|y~g|~l{{yx|y~Trzkry_rz~p|p{z| |lx{u~ |st|q|~ n}lxwqoyj~ L|a|z{z~ {x|yx|q|z~ p}}sx|y{~ |b|q poeru~ oxrqoy~ g|~ pozy}pwzv}~ }pt}~ ucbymv|z~ i|h{b~ imzm pozx}zvwywqoyrkj~ 3|~ poz~ imz~ i|x{b~ h}sswewzv}~ d|y~ qwx~ oxvrer~ i{n{ YTrzkry~ @kimy~ [u}a}uX~ qmymqmlm~ q}bwxwqoyj~ Zwlx} T|qv}zw_zv}z~ n}lx}q}y}u~ n}y}J~ q}bwx}z~ q|y|~ u}v}y qmymqml|~ i|h{qoyrkj~ ]{zx|ya|~ u{l{~ YTrzkry~ @kimy [u}a}uX~YTrzkryrt}~Uourzt}X~pxoi}zx}yw~}s}y}u~qmym` qoyj~Uczmls|~{p|~t}ylx}yx}~g|~smyumx|yx|~ps}zvwtwkwz~oxvrer q|y|~ i|x{qoyrkj~ Lmzmz~ }ul}twzv}~ {p|~ cza|~ ps}vqrtv}u{ uozp|y|~i{v{qoyrkj~]{zx|ya|~u{l{z{z~u}swxvwew~ps}vqrt}~i{y{l oxvruh}~ koyj~ C|ps{g}x|~ i|x|z~ d|yu|p~ poz~ imz~ oxt}pw vox}qwpwqx}~ o~ imz~ oy}v}j~ Smyumx|y|~ nr~ u|k~ d}x}qx}y~ |lx{u |v{qoyj~ Oys|p{~imz~|yu|zv|z~u}xuwb~|lq}x}ywtwkw~sob}yxwqoyrkj C}kx}~|lq}twk~qou~}yswuj~]{y~\|ps{g}x~vcz|t{z{~v}d}~i|y{v| nwy}uwb~s}zwlswewtwk~vopsx}yx}~n{y|y~n{y|y~g|v}x}lwb~osoi}y} voeyr~i{v{qoyrkj~R{z|~UOUOC~{x|~vczmqoyrkj~Trzkry~{x| n{y~ v}d}~ Yt|yd}n}X~ x}lt}u~ v{x|e{qx|~ Pps}znrx_rz~ qoxrzr srsrqoyrkj

Güz ‘11

63


“Taş atan çocuklar” a Elifcan

çocuklar çocuklarımız...

Gözlerinizde “bir taş daha attım devirdim tuğlasını” edasında mutluluk var gözleriniz; “hey siz de katılın görün sapanımızın kuvvetini düşlerimizin gücünü” diyen güven taşıyor. Gözleriniz “haydi gelin birlikte hazırlayalım geleceğimizi...” sorumluluğuyla bakıyor.

yüzlerinize geleceğe bakışınıza gözlerinize bakıyorum çıkmışsınız sokaklara doldurmuşsunuz meydanları karşınızda panzer, silah jop, bomba karşınızda insanımsı kara kapkara robotlar gözlerinizde korku var öfke var kin var karşınızda duvar panzerden robottan kapkara duvar

Yüzlerinize geleceğe bakışınıza gözlerinize bakıyorum. Gözlerinizden sesler yükseliyor seslere kulak verelim diye sesler haykırışa dönüyor. Kabusa açılmış savaşın ilerleyen neferleri çocuklar çocuklarımız...

yüzlerinize geleceğe bakışınıza gözlerinize bakıyorum.

Ağustos, 2009

64

Güz ‘11


Yaðmurla Gelen Bileklik

:

Ciran

*Elif Can’a ve bir þehrin son yaðmurunu paylaþtýðým küçük mavi kýza…

|dy{z~poz~q}etryr~vmlmqoyvr~mk|y{z|j~Uryvrf~d|t|z~|g|~i{st|u~voeyr~oxt}kvw u{j~Woz~q}etryrz~s}vwzw~hwu}yt}xwqwt~v{q|~vmlmzvmj~W|qd}z~F|dy{z{~{kx|t|q| i{ss{j~:|d{y~q}g}ls}z~wpx}zt}q}~n}lx}twlsw~n{x|~g|~d|yu|p~n{y~q|yx|y|~u}hwqoyvrj V|yu|p~n{y~l|tp{q|~}xswzv}~q}xzwkxwewz}~u}hwqoyvrj~YR}etryv}z~u}ht}uX~v|v{j~Umlmzvm z|~ u}v}y~ }zx}tpwkj~ Rmymvm~ osryvr~ n{y~ n}zuwz~ mk|y{z|j~ [uxwzv}z~ rk}u~ t}g{~ p|gv}x}y i|hs{j~ Srsp}u~ p|gv}x}y-~ <}vwyv}~ s}zwvwew~ t{z{u~ uwkw~ vmlmzvmj~ 1lmqoy~ trvry~ }a}n} l{tv{E~[uxwzv}z~q{z|~t}g{~p|gv}x}y~i|hs{j~R}etry~n{y}k~v}d}~dwkx}zvwj R}etry~q}xzwkxwewzwz~uozruxrer~oxvr~i|xv{~vmlx|y{z|~uozvrj~]rxrsx}y~i{v|t|v{e{ rk}ux}yv}z~ oz}~ d}n|yx|y~ i|s{yv{j~ Lcyvmu~ ozr~ v|v{f~ icyvmuj~ T}g{~ p|gv}x}ywzw~ icyvmuj Pq{qv{j~Lcyvmu~ozr~v|v{f~rk}ux}yv}z~i|x|z~nrxrsx}yj~3|~nrxrsrz~icxi|p{z|~pwewzvwf~wpx}z` t}q}~v|g}t~|ss{j Lckx|y{~ icuqmkmz|~ s}uwxvw~ g|~ n{y nrxrs~ p|hs{j~ Swbuw~ hoaruxrerzv}u{~ i{n{jjj Lcuqmkmzv|~ hoaruxrerzr~ }y}vwf~ hmzum q{s|z~d|y~hoaruxru~n{k{~icuqmkmzv|~n|u` x|yf~ nrz}~ {z}zwyvwj~ Lcuqmkmzv|~ hoaru` xrerzr~ }y}vw~ nrx}t}vwj~ Uryvr~ s}t~ d|y l|qv|z~g}ki|h|a|us{~u{~n{y~p|p~vrqvrB Y~[n{~}xwy~twpwz~EX &px}ztwl~umhmu~t}g{~n{y~uwkf~imx|y|u oz}~n}uswj~Ox{zv|~y|zux{~{bx|yv|z~q}bwxtwl n{x|ux{ux|y~ g}yvw~ g|~ mpsmzv|~ {lf~ }luf~ b}y}f ckimyxmu~q}kwqoyvrj Y~]rzx}y~z|EX~v|v{j Y[n{f~nrzx}y~l}zp~n{x|ux{ux|y{~nrzx}yw }xwyp}z~ mk|y{zv|~ q}k}z~ l|qx|yv|~ l}zpwz }hwxwqoyX~ L|yh|us|z~ {z}zwqoy~ trqvr~ nrz} umhmu~t}g{~uwkj~L|yh|us|z~n{y~l|dy{z~poz q}etryrzrz~}xswzv}~o~{bs|z~n{x|ux{ux|y{z~{zp}zx}y}~l}zp~i|s{y|a|e{z|~{z}zwqoy~trqvrE~ Y]rzx}y-~:{tv{~nrzx}yw~}xwyp}u~l}zpwtwk~}hwx}a}u~twE~R}z{~}luf~ckimyxmu~nrzx}yx} i|x|a|u~t{~EX Lmxvm~umhmu~t}g{~uwkj~YOg|sf~}n{X~v|v{j~ Lckx|y{z|~n}usw~umhmu~t}g{~uwkwzj~K~u}v}y~imk|x~ickx|y{~g}yvw~u{j~S}uwxw~u}xvw~ick` x|y{z|j~ 1k|y{zv|~ {za|~ |xn{p|x|yf~ |xx|y{~ uwz}xwf~ }q}ewzv}~ qwyswu~ }q}uu}nwx}ywf~ poxirzf~ |pu{ |xn{p|p{z{z~{h{zv|~umhmu~t}g{~uwkf~u}ylwpwzv}~ox}za}~imk|xx{e{qx|~vryrqoyvrj~YW|z{z~i{n{ n{y~uwkwt~oxry~tr~n|z{tEX~v|v{~g|~imxmlsmx|yj YF|~ {l~ {h{z~ d|x|~ v|~ z|~ b}y}~ {h{z-~ W}v|a|~ ickx|y{z~ {h{z~ hoaruf~ p}v|a|~ ickx|y{z {h{z-~W}v|a|~ickx|y{z~{h{z~}xp}t~u}nrx~oxry~tr~EX~ T{z{u~uwk~imxvmj Y]{xt|t~u{~}n{X Pbs|z~n{x|ux{ux|yv|z~}xvw~n{y|y~s}z|j~Y~[t}~n|z~nrzx}yw~s}ut}qw~n{xt|t~u{~hoaruX

Güz ‘11

65

“Küçük kýz aðlama, elinden tuttuðun bulut yaðmurda yine sevgilin olur / Haydar Ergülen”


Y]|z~s}u}ywt~}n{X~v|v{~g|~t{z{u~n{y~t}u}p~hwu}yvwj Y[lu~ox}zw~s}u}xwtf~ckimyxmu~q}k}zw~{p|~rk}us}~p}uxw~ox}z n{y{z|~iczv|y|a|e{t~t|usrbx}j~Kxry~trEX YKxryf~ }n{~ X~ v|v{~ g|~ s}usw~ {bs|z~ n{x|ux{ux|y{~ umhmu t}g{~uwkj @kimyxmu~q}k}z~{bs|z~n{x|ux{e{~p}ux}vwj~Y&px}ztwlpwzf mlmtmqoy~ trprz~ nr~ q}etryrz~ }xswzv}j~ V}ps}~ oxryprz n}uX~ imxvm~ t{z{u~ uwkf~ p}v|a|~ imxvmj~ 3|~ }zx}vwf~ t{z{u uwkwz~ ickx|y{zv|~ icyvmj~ Kzrz~ t{z{ux{e{z{~ }l}z~ nmqmu v|ysx|y{~g}yvwf~nmqmu~q}y}x}ywj~;}z|s~|ss{f~umhmu~t}g{~n{y uwkwz~ wpx}z}y}uf~ mlmq|y|u~ n{y~ l|dy{z~ poz~ q}etryrzrz }xswzv}~ b}y}~ u}k}zt}q}~ h}xwlt}pwz}~ x}z|s~ |ss{j~ Kqp} hoarux}y~p}v|a|~oqz}t}u~{h{z~hwut}xw~q}etry}f~p}v|a| |ex|zt|u~ {h{z~ wpx}zt}xwj~ R}etry~ |z~ imk|x~ oqrzx}yw oxt}xw~ g|~ n{y~ nrxrsrz~ icxi|p{zv|~ nmqmt|x{~ hoarux}yj~ [zz|x|y{~ d|y~ q}etryv}z~ pozy}~ ozx}yw~ n|u` x|t|x{j~V|y~q}etryv}z~pozy}~p}yt}xw~ozx}ywj~Wozy}~b|za|y|x|y{zv|~q}etry}~g|v}~|st|x{~hoarux}y~g| i|x|a|u~q}etryx}yw~n|ux|t|x{j~ [a}n}~umhmu~t}g{~uwkw~n|ux|q|z~n{y~}zz|p{~g}y~twqvwE~Kzr~p}ywb~uryrs}a}uf~z|y|v|qv{z~uwkwt v{q|a|uE~Uryvr~n}usw~ickx|y{z|~o~}z~{h{zv|z~oz}~p}ywxt}u~i|xv{~cqx|~pwuwf~cqx|~rkrz-~W}ywx}t}vw n}usw~ p}v|a|-~ Zmhmu~ t}g{~ uwkv}~ oz}~ n}uswf~ n|xu{~ o~ v}~ Yo~ {q{~ }n{p{z{zX~ oz}~ p}ywxt}pwzw~ n|ux|v{j W}ywx>}?t}vwx}yj~ ]|z~ i{v{qoyrt~ }n{~ v|v{j~ Ph{zv|z~ i{st|~ v|v{~ }t}~ vrqt}vw~ umhmu~ t}g{~ uwkj YZ|zv{z|~hou~{q{~n}u~z|~oxryj~C}kx}~wpx}zt}f~d}ps}~oxryprz~n}uj~Z|zv{z|~hou~{q{~n}u~z|~oxryX YS}t}tf~}n{X~v|v{~imxvm~g|~}yu}pwzw~vczvm~s}t~i{v{qoyvr Y<oaru~p|z{z~}vw~z|EX Zmhmu~t}g{~uwk~vczvmf~imxvmB YR}etryX~v|v{j 3|~q}etry~smt~l|dy|~g|v}~|ss{Y~K~n{x|ux{u~l{tv{~Ox{\~D}z_wz~uoxrzv}-~Wozy}x}yw~n{yhou~u|kf~s|uy}y~i{ss{t~o~b}yu}-~[t} umhmu~ t}g{~ uwkwf~ R}etry_r~ n{y~ v}d}~ d{h~ icyt|v{tj~ :|dy|~ q}e}a}u~ {xu~ q}etryr~ n|ux{qoyrt~ g| {z}zwqoyrt~q}etryxr~n{y~imzv|~ozrzx}~s|uy}y~u}ylwx}l}a}ewtX~ Gökyüzü eksilir her yaðmurdan sonra Ve yaðmur sonrasý herkes payýna düþeni arar Penceremden görebildiðim kadardýr gökyüzüm Bulutlar gidemediðim uzaklarýn konuðu Yaðmur sana uzak þehirleri anlatýr Her yalnýzlýk penceresinde gidemediði uzaklarý düþler Yaðmur konukluðudur yalnýzlýðýnýn Ve gözyaþý yaðmurudur insanýn Her gözyaþý yalnýz gövdeni ýslatýr Yaðmurlu bir günde herkes yalnýzdýr! Çocuklarýn ve kuþlarýn evidir gökyüzü Ve her çocuk merak eder Yaðmurlu bir günde nereye sýðýnýr kuþlar Gökyüzünde evi olan herkes çocuktur!

66

Güz ‘11




 Ekinsu

  

:

{vv|sf~ a{z}q|sf~ cxmtjjj~ ]rimz~ nr~ u|x{t|x|y{~ z|~ u}v}y~ pwu~ vrqrqoyrk~ v|e{x~ t{E Pzp}zxwewz~ i|xv{e{~ AMj~ qqj~ q}l}twtwkv}z~ cqx|~ hou~ l|q~ }xwb~ icsmymqoy~ u{~ }yswu z|y|v|qp|~smt~vmzq}v}~imzxmu~q}l}tv}~urxx}zwx}z~v{xf~p}g}lwz~g|~l{vv|s{z~v{x{ d}x{z|~i|xv{j~0_v|z~00_q|~d|yu|p~voe}x~q}l}twz~}uwlw~{h{zv|~nr~u|x{t|x|y{~pwy}v}z~g| ox}e}z~u}ylwxwqoyj~]r~q}kwqw~q}k}yu|zf~p{kx|y~ouryu|z~v}d{~u{t~n{x{y~u}h~{zp}z~cxmqoyf cxvmymxmqoyE~ 3|~ u}h~ u}vwz~ v}d}~ q}uwzx}ywzv}zf~ p|gv{ux|y{zv|z~ l{vv|s~ icymqoyE~ ]r poyrz~p}v|a|~nrimzmz~v|e{xf~.~n{z~qwxwzf~Y}z}xwu~drururXtrkrz~|x{t{kv|z~}xwzt}pwqx} n}lx}q}z~ n{y~ poyrzj~ Aj~ a{zp~ ox}y}u~ icymx|z{~ }awzwzf~ qouprxxrerzf~ }hxwewz~ u}s~ n|~ u}s \}kx}pwzw~q}l}q}z~u}vwzx}yjjj~@k|x~tmxu{q|sx|~oys}q}~hwu}z~pwzw\xw~sobxrtx}ywz~smtmzv|f n{h{tx|y{~\}yuxw~oxp}~v}~u}vwzx}y~prpsryrxtrlf~u}zvwywxtwlf~n{y~t|s}~i{n{~}xwzwb~p}swxtwlf cxvmymxtmlsmyj~ 3|~ nrimzf~ u|zv{~ q}l}twtwkw~ ick~ czmz|~ i|s{y|x{t~ g|~ z|~ q}kwu~ u{~ nr vryrtv}~q}lwqoy~ox}n{xv{e{t{k~{h{z~l}zpxw~oxvrertrkr~pcqx|yp|t~d}upwk~tw~oxryrtE [t}~q}lwqoy~oxp}u~v}~pou}us}~qmymyu|zf~{l~q|y{t{kv|f~}{x|~q}l}twtwkwz~{h{zv|~n{y~u}vwz ox}y}u~u}ylwx}lswewtwk~g|~p}v|a|~u}vwz~oxvrertrk~{h{z~n{kx|y{z~z|x|yv|z~rk}u~u}xt}u koyrzv}~nwy}uwxvwewtwkw~vmlmzmzj~V}uxw~oxvrertrk~d}xv|~d|b~q}l}vwewtwk~d}upwkxwux}yw g|~d|b~}y}z}z~YprhxrX~zrz~n{k~oxvrertrkrj~N|u{~z|v|zf~z|v|z~prhxrqrkB Y<mzum~ s}a{kx|y|f~ s|a}gmkx|y|f~ l{vv|s|~ g|~ n}puwq}~ y}et|z~ p{ps|t{z~ v}q}sswewf ucx|x|ls{yv{e{~{zp}zx}yv}z~n{y{~oxt}vwewtwk~{h{z~prhxrqrkjjj <mzum~|gx}sx}ywzw~\}l{kt|~u}bswytwl~}z}x}ywz~p|px|y{z{~u|zv{~hwexwewtwk}~u}sswewtwk {h{z~prhxrqrkf <mzumf~ vrqirp}xf~ vmlmzp|x~ g|~ n{x{zhp|x~ n{y~ }hxwu~ h|us{e{t{kf~ cey|zt|~ {ps|e{t{k{ vryvry}t}vwewtwk~{h{z~prhxrqrkj <mzum~|g{t{k{z~u}vwzw~v|e{xf~{v|oxoJ{t{k{z~{zp}zw~oxvrertrk~{h{z~prhxrqrkf <mzumf~ u{yx|zt{lf~ hmymtml~ n{y~ vmk|z|~ u{yx|zt|v|zf~ hmymt|v|z~ u}ylw~ uoq}` n{xv{e{t{k~ {h{z~ prhxrqrkf~ vmlmz|n{xv{e{t{kf~ my|s|n{xv{e{t{k~ {h{z~ prhxrqrkf~ d|y l|q|~ y}et|z~ imhxm~ ox}n{xv{e{t{k~ {h{zjjjX~ @kmzv|~ u}vwz~ oxvrertrk~ {h{z prhxrqrkjjj Y]rimz~ n{y~ u}vwz~ v}d}~ |l{~ q}~ v}~ u}yv|l{~ q}~ v}~ q}uwzx}yw~ s}y}\wzv}z cxvmymxvmjjjX~Ynrimz~n{y~u}vwz~a|p|v{~v}d}~nrxrzvrX~g|~Yv}d}f~v}d}X~v{q|y|u v|g}t~|v|z~oza}~d}n|yjjj~]r~d}n|yx|y{~~b|yg}pwka}~p}gry}z~nryJrg}~n}pwz~g| t|vq}v}~u}ylwx}lswewtwk~d|y~cxmt~g|~l{vv|s~d}n|yx|y{z{z~v{x{f~~qouprx~g|~|t|uh{ d}xux}ywz~poyrzx}ywzwz~smtmz|f~ck|xx{ux|~v|~poz~imzx|yv|~u}vwzwz~smt~nr~q}l}vwu` x}ywz}~qcz|x{u~vrq}ypwkx}l}z~n{y~sobxrt~q}y}stwl~vryrtv}j~]ryJrg}k{f~pou}u` x}ywz~p|p{z{~n}pswyt}u~{h{z~nr~box{s{u}qw~n{x{zhx{~ox}y}u~ck|xx{ux|~{lh{~g| |t|uh{x|y~ mk|y{zv|~ rqirx}t}us}vwyj~ Kqp}~ q}l}twz}~ poz~ g|y{x|z{z vrq}zf~ d{pp|v|zf~ vmlmz|zf~ i|x|a|e|~ v}{y~ bx}zx}yw~ ox}z~ n{y~ g}yxwu oxvrerzr~imzv|t{z|~i|s{yt|kj~K~p}v|a|~{ps}s{ps{ux|yx|~uozrlryf~n{y imzv|~5~u}vwz9~n{y~d}\s}v}~6~u}vwzjjj~}vw~vrqrx}t}twl~pwy}v}z~u}vwz` x}ywz~YcxmtXm~ozrz~{h{z~p}v|a|~n{y~d}n|y~z{s|x{e{zv|v{yf~ck|x|~{zt|us|zf poyrzrz~ckmzm~s|ld{y~|st|us|z~k{q}v|f~uozrqr~p}v|a|~Ya{zp{q|sX|~{zv{yi|q` |y|u~u}b}swyj~3|~nr~pwy}v}z~v{xf~ozr~{kx|q|z~g|~v{zx|q|zx|y~{h{z~v|~pwy}v}zx}lwyf u}zwup}zwy~ g|~ Yl{vv|sf~ cxmtX~ cz|t{z{f~ v|e|y{z{~ q{s{y{bf~ ox}e}z~n{y~ vryrt~ d}x{z| i|x{yj~

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11

67


]{y~poyrz}~v}{y~hckmt~}y}zwqoyp}~cza|x{ux|~poyr` zrz~ ckm~ s|pb{s~ |v{xt|x{v{yj~ [up{~ d}xv|~ qox~ }xwzp}~ v} hckmt~v}{t}~|up{u~g|~q|s|yp{k~u}xt}q}~v|g}t~|v|a|u` s{yj~]rimz~cz|~hwu}z~u}vwz~a{z}q|sx|y{~g|~u}vwz}~l{vv|sf i|z|x~ }zx}tv}~ {p|~ u}vwz~ poyrzrzrz~ hckmtmzm~ v|~ nr h|yh|g|v|~|x|~}xt}xwqwkj~Sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|y{~n|x{yx|q|zf my|s{t~ {x{lu{x|y{z{z~ u|zv{p{v{yj~ R}l}vwewtwk~ sobxrtp}x poyrzx}y~ nr~ {x{lu{x|yv|z~ voe}yj~ Ph{zv|~ nrxrzvrertrk p{ps|tf~ u}b{s}x{ktf~ |k|z~ g|~ |k{x|z~ {u{~ pwzw\w~ oys}q} hwu}ywyf~u{~{zp}z~{x{lu{x|y{~v|~nrz}~v}q}z}y}u~l|u{xx|z{yj Ok{x|z~pwzw\~sobxrtp}x~poyrzx}ywz |z~}awt}pwkwz}~t}yrk~u}xwyj~Plp{` kx{uf~ qouprxxruf~ }hxwuf~ p|\}x|sf d}ps}xwuf~cxmt~|k{x|z~|t|uh{~g| {lh{x|y{z~q}zwzv}z~}qywxt}kj~ Z}b{s}x{kt~ nrimzf~ |z hmymtmlf~ |z~ qokx}ltwl~ q}l}t n{h{t{z|~ t}durt~ |ss{e{ |t|uh{x|y{~q}l}twz~vwlwz}~}stwl nrxrzt}us}vwyj~ Z}vwzx}y~ g| hoarux}y~{p|~nr~vryrtr~|z~ucsm d}x{qx|~ q}l}q}zx}yvwyj~ <mzum u}b{s}x{kt~|yu|u~|i|t|z~q}bw~mk|y` {z|~ {zl}~ |v{xt{ls{yj~ .~ n{z~ qwxwz |yu|ux|y|~ g|yt{l~ oxvrer~ Y|i|` t|z~ imhX~ oxt}~ umxsmymf ozx}ywz~ q}l}twz}~ cqx|p{z| zm\rp~ |st{ls{y~ u{f~ u}b{s}x{kt nrzr~ |z~ i|y{~ }yimt}zx}ywqx} urxx}z}y}u~ |yu|e{~ u}vwz} u}ylw~ }awt}pwka}~ p}xvwyst}us}vwyj~ <mzum~ nr~ p{ps|t \}yuwzv}vwy~ u{~ |t|uh{~ u}vwzx}y~ sobxrtp}x~ q}l}twz {h{zv|~q|y~|v{zv{uh|~q}l}vwew~poyrzx}yw~oys}v}z~u}xvwy` t}u~{h{z~tma}v|x|~|v|a|u~g|~nr~v}~u}b{s}x{kt{z~k}s|z i|xt|us|~ox}z~pozrzr~hou~v}d}~dwkx}zvwy}a}uswyj ]{y~ oqrzv}z~ n}dp|st|u~ {ps{qoyrtB~ Lmx_|~ [ewsj Urq}zwzwk~ {kx|q|z{z{k~ g}yvwy~ trsx}u}f~ {kx|t|v{qp|z{k v}d{~s|uy}y~oqz}zwyp}~|e|y~{kx|t|z{k{~s}gp{q|~|v{qoyrtj Lmx_|~[ewsf~n{y~q}uwzw~s}y}\wzv}z~s|a}gmk~|v{x{b~hoarer voevrus}z~ pozy}~ hou~ p|gv{e{~ u}yv|l{~ s}y}\wzv}z ,z}trpf~ scy|_~ }vwz}~ cxvmymx|z~ Lmxvmzq}~ Scy|z_{z q}l}twzw~|x|~}xwqoyj~Kzr~d}swyxwqoyprzrkvryj~]r~oqrzv} v{uu}s{t{~h|u|z~|z~cz|tx{~l|q~z|~{v{~n{x{qoy~trprzrkf i|y{~ v|e|yx|y|~ p}d{b~ |i|t|z~ umxsmymzf~ Lmxvmzq}_zwz }n{p{f~n}n}pw~g|~|yu|u~u}yv|l{~n{z~qwxx}yvwy~u|zv{x|y{z| qmux|z|z~ s}y{dp|x~ icy|gx|y{z{~ v{x|~ i|s{y{yu|z~ g|~ nrzr rqirx}t}u~koyrzv}~u}xwyu|zf~{h{zv|~nrxrzvrux}yw~}a{k` x{ux|y{~ g|~ k}g}xxwxwux}ywqvwj~ ]rimz~ 6M~ q}lwzv}~ 0~ hoaru }zz|p{~[v{x|~Oykryrtxr_zrzf~icyvmem~l{vv|s~p|n|n{qx| uoa}pwzv}z~ }qyw~ q}l}t}qw~ s|ya{d~ |ss{e{~ {h{z~ n}n}pw s}y}\wzv}z~u}sx|v{xt|p{zv|9~+=~q}lwzv}~5~hoaru~}zz|p{ W}x{d}~Oyv|t_{z~.~qwxvwy~}qyw~q}l}vwew~|pu{~|l{~s}y}\wz` v}z~Yz}trpX~i|y|uh|p{qx|~cxvmymxt|p{zv|f~M6~q}lwzv}

68

|gx|zv{y{x{b~n{y~pmy|~pozy}~|l{zv|z~}qywx}zf~}za}u~rkrz k}t}zvwy~icymlsmymxt|v{e{~hoarerzr~icyt|u~{h{z~i{s` s{e{zv|~ qmkmz|~ u|kk}b~ }swx}z~ AM~ q}lwzv}u{~ IoJv} Z}y}ick_mz~ d}x}~ s|dx{u|v|~ ox}z~ a}z~ img|zx{e{zv|f imamzm~pwzw\xw~sobxrt~q}bwpwzv}u{~|k|z~g|~pctmy|zv|z }x}z~nr~}zx}qwl~poyrtxrvryj ]r~ vryrtv}~ lrzr~ cz|tx|~ n|x{yst|u~ {ps{qoyrtf poyrzr~ p}v|a|~ n{y~ a{zp~ poyrzr~ oxt}us}z~ hwu}ywb~ i|z|x d}sx}ywqx}~|x|~}xt}u~i|y|u{yj~Pls|~o~k}t}z~,|yu|u~|i|` t|z~ }zx}qwl_~ wz~ ckm~ v}d}~ {q{~ }zx}lwxwyj~ Og|s~ poyrzf p}v|a|~ n{y~ a{zp~ ox}y}u~ |yu|ux|y{z~ g}yxwewzv}~ v|e{xv{y }t}~ nr~ ozx}ywz~ t}prt~ oxvrer~ }zx}twz}~ v} i|xt|t|x{v{y~u|p{zx{ux|j~Kzx}ywz~|z~nmqmu~d}s}pw u|zv{x|y{z|~ g|y{x|z~ u}vwz}~ qcz|x{u~ }awt}pwk rqirx}t}x}yw~poyirx}t}t}x}ywf~|x|ls{yt|t|x|y{~g| nrzr~u}nrxx|zt|x|y{~oxtrlsryj~ N|u{~ n{k~ u}vwzx}yw~ {u{za{~ bx}z}~ }s}z~ k{dz{q|sf }zx}qwl~ g|~ nrzrz~ pozrarzv}~ q}l}vwewtwk~ smt~ nr poyrzx}ywz~hckmtm~z|v{yE <ckmt~ u|zv{x{e{zv|z~ i|xt|q|a|us{y~ |xn|ss|f n{kx|y~nr~{l{~u|zv{x{e{z|~nwy}utwl~v|e{x{k~u{~nry}` v}~nrzrz~{h{z~tma}v|x|~n{h{tx|y{z{~oys}q}~uoq` }a}ewkj~ Rmkqwxx}yvwy~ poyrzx}ywtwk~ {h{z~ h|l{sx{ n{h{tx|yv|~ tma}v|x|~ l|u{xx|y{z{~ icyvmuj Z}k}zwtx}ywtwk~ oxvrj~ [za}u~ nrimz~ d|y l|q|~y}et|z~q}l}twtwk~d|y~imz~v}d}~v} ucsmq|~i{v{qoyj~Woz~imzx|yv|~u}vwzx}y} u}ylw~ }ys}z~ l{vv|s~ g|~ pozrarzv} i|s{yv{e{~ smt~ oxrtprkxrux}y~ v|e{x t{v{y~n{k{~nry}q}~i|s{y|zE~Kqp}~n{kx|y {h{z~ q}p}x}y~ hwu}ywxvwf~ uoyrzt}f~ pwewzt} |gx|y{~ }hwxvwf~ nr~ v}~ q|st|v{~ l{tv{~ |yu|ux|y{~ d}vwt |st|us|z~srsrzf~p{zq}x~g|y|z~u|x|bh|~qczs|t{z|~u}v}y v}d}~ cqx|~ hou~ hckmt~ nrxrzt}q}~ h}xwlwxvw~ u{jjj~ b|u{ nrimz~ z|~ u}v}y~ {x|yx|v{u~ nr~ poyrzx}ywz~ hckmtmzv|E V}x}~ s|a}gmk~ |v{x{b~ cxvmymxmqoyrkf~ d}x}~ s}a{k~ |v{x{` qoyrkf~t|s}~i{n{~}xwzwb~p}swxwqoyrkf~d}x}~|g~|uozot{p{f hoarux}ywz~n}uwtw~n{k|~}{sf~d}x}~n|v|zx|y{t{k{~p}st}u koyrzv}~u}xwqoyrkj~3|~d}x}~|k{x|zx|y{z~|z~|k{x|z{~nrimz v|~n{k~v|e{x~t{q{kE Tma}v|x|t{k~ sobxrtp}x~ n{y~ vczmlmtm~ koyrzxr uwxwqoyj~3|~nrzrz~qoxr~v}~n{k~u}vwzx}ywz~cyimsxm~n{yx{u` s|x{e{zv|z~ i|h|yj~ ]r~ p{ps|t{z~ n{k|~ v}q}sswew~ smt~ i|y{ v|e|yx|y{~ qwut}u~ {h{z~ n{y{x|y{z{z~ pctmy|z~ n{y{x|y{z{z pctmymx|z~oxvrer~nr~p{ps|t|~poz~g|yt|u~koyrzv}qwkj ]rzrz~n}lu}~n{y~hwu}y~qoxr~}yswu~u}xt}twlswyj~V|y~q|z{ imz~ q|z{~ u}vwz~ cxmtx|y{~ u}ylwtwk}~ hwuwqoyj~ R}l}t n{kx|y~ {h{z~ v}d}~ v}q}zwxt}k~ }yswuj~ ~ V|v|\{t{k~ nmqmu oxt}xwf~ vmzq}qw~ {ps{qoyrk~ n{kf~ nr~ uourltrl~ ucdz| vmk|z|~ d}bp|v{xt{l~ vmzq}qw~ |xx|y{t{kx|f~ d}ss}~ nrzr p|gv{ux|y{t{kx|~n|y}n|y~q}l}z}n{x{y~d}x|~i|s{yt|u~{h{z |z~czv|~uol}zx}y~oxt}xwqwkjj~~~]wh}ew~|z~v|y{z|~p}bx}` t}xwqwk~u{~n{y~v}d}~}q}e}~u}xu}t}pwzj~

Güz ‘11


Yitik Bir ZamanĂ˝n GĂślgesinde Buruk Bir YaĂžam GĂźneĂžin bittiĂ°i, gecenin çÜktßðß AcĂ˝nĂ˝n yettiĂ°i zamandayĂ˝m. Alevler içindeki cam kĂ˝rĂ˝klarĂ˝nĂ˝n AyaklarĂ˝mĂ˝ yok ettiĂ°i yoldayĂ˝m. GĂźlĂźyorum çektiĂ°i acĂ˝ya. Doyuyorum, hissetmiyorumâ&#x20AC;Ś Birazdan o karanlĂ˝k adamlar gelecek Yine alacaklar beni kuytuya O iĂ°renç tahta sandalyeye Ă&#x153;rpertecek çýplak bedenimiâ&#x20AC;Ś Ve bir kova soĂ°uk su dĂśkecekler Ăśnce Sonra birer birer vuracaklar bana BugĂźn sĂ˝ra serçe parmaĂ°Ă˝mda. SĂ˝rayla kĂ˝rĂ˝yorlar parmaklarĂ˝mĂ˝ ve SĂ˝rayla sĂśkĂźyorlar tĂ˝rnaklarĂ˝mĂ˝â&#x20AC;Ś EĂ°er iyi gĂźnlerindeyseler; Elektrik vermezlerâ&#x20AC;Ś Ama yine de, AyaklarĂ˝mdan sallandĂ˝racaklardĂ˝râ&#x20AC;Ś AlýÞtĂ˝m bu acĂ˝lara, alýÞtĂ˝m ama Soruyorum sesimi geri veren duvara, Soruyorum boĂž odaya, Soruyorum varsa eĂ°er TanrĂ˝â&#x20AC;&#x2122;ya 2QR;:jM1j\Y\C>\Kj =Qj$\C\=j<>Y KQQR>QKjMQ=;( EB0C6C.CBF C3DAC;CB=DF 7E*+F 7CAF 9EBEF D"C@6C* 35)<?F95?F?C }q}us}z~ toy}ytwl~ qmkmtmkmf~ p|gt|us|z qouprz~ z}pwyxw~ qmy|e{t{k{f~ k}t}zwz~ |z u}y}zxwu~ ucl|x|y{z|~ {ss{e{t{kf~ cs|x|v{e{t{k vmlx|y{t{k{f~ hoaru~ q}zwtwkwf~ z|q|~ n|zk|v{e{z{ n{xt|v{e{t{k~ p|p{t{k{f~ y|zi{z{~ n{xt|v{e{t{k~ s|z{` t{k{f~ rtrsx}ywtwkwf~ {zp}z~ q}zwtwkw~ p{x{uf~ p{px{~ i|a|` x|yv|~rzrsrlrtrkrz~mk|y{zv|z~|b|q~n{y~qwx~i|hs{j~V|y vczmlmz~n{y~rhryrt}~vczmlsmem~q}l}twtwkv}~z|q{f z}pwx~ q}bt}xwqvwuE~ F}pwx~ i|y{~ }x}n{x{y{k~ q}l}qwb~ v} s}t}tx}t}vwux}ywtwkwE~ ]{y~ q|yx|yv|~ rtrsx}yw

U

GĂźz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11

smu|z{qoyp}~ q}l}q}zx}ywz~ g|~ n{kx|y~ icytmqoyp}u ox}zx}ywf~u|zv{t{k{~z|y|q|~pwevwyt}xwqwkE~ ]r~ poyrx}yw~ poyt}twz~ n{y~ }xwlu}zxwu~ oxvrer~ lr imzx|y{tv|~ cey|zv{t~ nr~ cqumqmj~ @za|~ }ex}t}uxw oxvrt~v}d}~pozy}~q|z{~q|z{~poyrx}y~n|x{yv{~u}\}tv}j Og|sf~z|~q}bt}xwE~ 2q}zvw~pwa}u~n{y~t}qwp~p}n}dw~i|zhj~]rimz~ox}` a}ux}yw~n{xp|qv{~u}xu}y~twqvw~q}s}ewzv}zE~;}g}noq} i{ss{f~ |x{z{~ qmkmzm~ qwu}vwj~ :{l~ qmkmzm~ {za|x|q{b~ n{y u|k~ v}d}~ qwu}vw~ qmkmzmj~ W}zu{~ }qz}~ \wpwxvwqoyvr i|za|f~cqx|~v}xwb~i{st{ls{~}qz}q}~n}u}y}uj~[zxwu~n{y v}xt}v}z~ pozy}~ i|h|z~ v}u{u}x}yw~ d}swyx}qwb~ }b}y sob}y~d}kwyx}zwb~hwusw~|gv|zj~L|zh~d|zmk~M+~q}lwzv} g|~ d{h~ {ps|t|v{e{~ d}xv|~ h}xwlwqoyvrj~ <}xwlt}xwqvw hmzum~|uozot{u~vryrtx}yw~{q{~v|e{xv{j~<}xwlt}xwqvw hmzum~ |ut|u~ }px}zwz~ }ekwzv}~ v|e{x~ t{v|p{zv|qv{ }yswu~g|~n}n}pwzwz~u}k}zvwew~b}y}~q|st{qoyvr~i|h{t` x|y{z|j~ Zwys}p{q|v|~h}xwl}z~i|za{z~}vw~UO3IPT_v{j~[vw i{n{~aolurzf~}vw~i{n{~qmuxm~ox}z~i|zhf~nrimz~v|~d|y k}t}z~ oxvrer~ i{n{~ |yu|zv|z~ vmuu)z}~ i{v{b~ b}syoz` x}yw~ i|x|z|~ u}v}y~ |sy}\w~ sob}yx}t}q}~ uoqrxvrj~ ]{y q}zv}z~ v}~ i|xv{e{~ i|a|uozvr~ p|ts{qx|~ {lq|y{z{z nrxrzvrer~ nr~ xmup~ p|ts{z~ uwq}px}t}pwzw~ q}bwqoyvr k{dz{zv|j~ Umlmza|x|y|~ v}xwb~ u}\}pwzv}~ hckmt` x|t|x|y{z{~q}b}yu|z~cza|~b}syozr~v}d}~pozy}~rps}pw i|xv{x|y~{lq|y{z|j~]rimzmz~b|u~v|~\}yuw~qousr~v{e|y imzx|yv|zj~ ]}d}ywz~ pwa}u~ g|~ z|t{zv|z~ vox}qw~ d}g} n{y~}hwxwb~n{y~u}b}zwqoyvrj~]r~v}~U|gy{t_|~drkryprk` xru~ g|y{qoyvrj~ W}zu{~ nrimz~ cxmx|y~ v{y{xt{l~ v|~ l|dy{ |p{y~ }xtwlx}yvwj~ :|dy{z~ imymxsmpm~ vmlmza|x|y{z{z vwlwzv}f~ozv}z~n}ewtpwk~}uwqoyvrj~ Pl{z|~{q{a|~ov}ux}zwb~|sy}\w~qoyrxt}upwkwz~sob}y` x}t}ux}~t|lirxvmj~]r~}y}v}~b}syozr~v}~{lx|y{z{~d}x` x|st|u~ mk|y|~ hwusw~ vwl}ywq}j~ Pls|~ d|y~ l|q~ o~ k}t}z n}lx}twlswj~K~k}t}z~vryp}qvw~q}~q}l}tf~p}}sx|yf~}uwb i{v|z~ }y}n}x}yf~ {zp}z~ p|px|y{-~ vryp}qvw~ o~ g}u{sj 7}t}z~i|y{~p}yp}qvwj~[zz|p{z{z~g|~n}n}pwzwz~lwt}ys` swew~o~d}qx}k~hoaru~ox}n{xp|qv{~q}-~Zotlrzrz~|y{u` x|y{z{~h}xwb~u}yzwzw~l{l{y|~l{l{y|~u}du}d}~}s}zf~uotlr uwkwzwz~ sou}x}ywzw~ h}xwb~ }nx}pwz}~ i|s{y|z~ r\}uxwu oxp}qvw~ q}-~ 7}t}z~ }uwqoy~ vryt}upwkwz~ g|~ i|h|z d|y~ p}z{q|~ q}l}twzw~ v|y{zv|z~ |su{x|q|a|u~ o v}u{u}x}y}~q}ux}lswywqoyvr~ozrj~

69


U|gy{t~vmuu)zwz~{h~s}y}\wz}~i|h{b~|pu{~u{s}bx}yw mps~ y}\x}y}~ v{kt|q|~ n}lx}vwj~ K~ pwy}v}~ p}zv}xq|z{z d|t|z~ v{n{zv|~ nrxrz}z~ rps}pw~ i|za|~ {q{a|~ pourxrb u}xh}x}ywzw~ oul}t}q}~ n}lx}vwj~ L|zh~ nrz}~ u}ylw uoqrza}~ rps}~ p}xvwyt}q}~ n}lx}twlswj~ L|zh~ z| q}b}a}ewzw~ n{xt|up{k{z~ v|n|x|z{yu|z~ rps}zwz~ uox` x}ywzv}~ {q{a|~ imhpmkx|lt{ls{j~ Z}ylw~ uoq}a}u~ imam nrx}twqoyvr~ u|zv{zv|~ g|~ h}y|p{k~ nwy}usw~ u|zv{z{ rps}pwzwz~ uoxx}ywz}j~ Lmhpmkxmem~ rtrsx}ywzwz~ uwywx` t}pwzv}zvwj~:{tv{~z|~q}b}a}uswE~R|z{~|yi{zx|l|z~nr i|zh~ z}pwx~ srs}a}usw~ uwk~ }yu}v}lwzwz~ |x{zv|zf~ z}pwx }zx}s}n{x|a|us{~p|gv}pwzwf~z}pwx~s}lwq}a}usw~d}q}xx|y{` z{~i|x|a|e|-~ ]r~ n{x{zt|kx{u~ {h|y{p{zv|~ i{v{b~ i|x{yu|z~ i|zhf k|gus|z~ p}ydol~ oxtrl~ rps}~ Ydolrz}~ i{st{qoy~ trE Lmk|x~v|e{x~t{EX~v{q|~n}ewywqoyvrj~L|zh~d{hn{y~l|q v|t{qoy~ nr~ vryrtv}z~ z}pwx~ urysrx}a}ewzw~ vmlmzmq` oyvrj~ U}d}~ pozy}~ q}z~ s}y}\s}u{~ t}u|s~ nwh}ewzw~ \}yu |v{b~p}bxwqoy~rps}pwzwz~n}a}ewz}j~R}bswew~{ls|z~t|t` zrz~ u}xtwl~ {zp}z~ uwxwuxw~ rps}pw9~ Y{l{t{~ icyvmt~ nrz` v}z~ pozy}~ z|~ q}b}yp}z~ q}bX~ v{q|~ pwywswqoyvrj~ ]r u}v}y~n}p{s~t{qv{~d|y~l|qE~]{y~|yu|u~hoarerzrz~d}` q}swzwz~u}y}yswxt}pwf~mt{sx|y{z{zf~vmlx|y{z{z~n{y~hwybw` v}~ h}xwzt}pw~ nr~ u}v}y~ uox}q~ twqvwf~ n}p{s~ t{qv{E Zrysrxtrlsr~rps}zwz~|x{zv|zf~p{xu{zv{f~u|zv{z|~i|xv{ g|~uol}y}u~x}g}noq}~i{v{b~urpt}q}~n}lx}vwj~Ph{zv|u{ u{z{~hwu}ywya}pwz}~urprqoyvrj~[awpw~n{y~smyxm~v{zt{q` oyvrf~ dwhuwy}y}u~ }exwqoyf~ n}ewywqoyvrj~ W|p{z{~ vrq}z g}y~ twqvw~ }a}n}E~ <wexwu~ }swqoyvrj~ <wexwew~ {h{zv|z t{qv{~qoup}~vwl}yw~v}~hwuwqoy~trqvr~p|p{E~:{tl|ux|y h}uwqoy~ n|qz{zv|f~ p}ypwxwqoyvr~ }awqx}~ n|v|z{j~ Kzrz d{pp|ss{ux|y{z{~d{pp|v|z~g}y~twqvwE~:{tv{~u{z~voxrq` vrf~c\u|v|z~uwk}ytwl~s|u~n{y~vmlmza|~i|h{qoyvr~k{d` z{zv|zj~ ]r~ {ey|zh~ vmzq}q}~ {p|~ ~ u{z~ vrqrqoyvr~ g| g|v}~|st|u~{ps{qoyvr~d}q}s}-~V)xnru{~z|~hou~our` trlsr~ nr~ ox}qx}yw~ u{s}bx}yv}zf~ i}k|s|x|yv|z-~ V|y imz~ ozx}ya}pwzwz~ s|a}gmk|~ rey}vwewf~ u}sx|v{xv{e{f {zp}zx}ywz~qouprxxrus}z~cxvmemf~qouprzxrus}z~vox}qw h}xvwew~ nr~ d}q}sw~ v|e{ls{yt|u~ v|e{x~ t{qv{~ smt p}g}lwtwE~]r~o~u}v}y~uox}q~v|e{xt{l~v|t|uj~:{tv{ smt~n{xv{ux|y{~p{x{zt{ls{~k{dz{zv|zj~S|u~q}bt}u~{ps|` v{e{~}ex}t}uswj~ Umuu)zw~ d|t|z~ u}b}swb~ |g|~ voeyr~ hwut}q} n}lx}vwj~ <}x}z~ s|x|\ozx}ywz~ d{hn{y{z|~ n}utwqoyvrj Og|~ g}yvw~ g|~ d|t|z~ |lq}x}ywzw~ sobx}qwb~ nrxrzvrer q|yv|z~ rk}ux}lt}u~ {ps|v{j~ [{x|p{~ nrz}~ d|y~ z|~ u}v}y {k{z~ g|yt|p|~ v|~ smt~ d}q}xx|y{z{f~ smt~ rtrsx}ywzw nwy}u}y}u~ u}hswj~ ]wy}usw~ n{y~ l|dy{~ }yvw~ pwy}j~ ]rzrz poyrtxrpr~ u{tv{E~ V|y~ p}n}d~ {ps|t|q|~ {ps|t|q| u}xuwb~ {l|~ i{v|z~ i|zh~ t{~ qoup}~ }zxwu~ k|gu{~ {h{z~ n{y {zp}zwz~q}l}twz}f~rtrsx}ywz}~q}ziwz~|u|z~nr~}v}t twE~

70

]}lx}vw~ qoxarxrerj~ L{v{qoyvrj~ R}zwz}~ }xvwew n}grxrz}~ uoqtrlsr~ nryru~ d}q}xx|y{z{j~ T|sy|x|ya| i|y{v|~nwy}uswew~nr~l|d{y~}yswu~q}zpwstwqoyvr~p|gi{q{f p|gv}xwewj~ W}zu{~ hoaruxrerzrz~ smt~ {kx|y{~ rps}zwz }sswew~k|gu~hwexwux}ywzv}~noerxtrlsrj~W}v|a|~rqrt}u {ps{qoyvrj~Roxx}y~i|za{z~qmy|e{z|~}uwqoyvrj~ T|yd}n}~q|z{~l|d{yj~S}lwt}q}~d}kwy~twpwz~q}y}xw n{y~ yrdrE~ Z}xvwy}n{x|a|u~ t{p{z~ nr~ oerxa}zwE~ Pls| i|xt{ls{~q|z{~n{y~l|dy|~g|~i|x|x{~n{y~d}\s}qw~i|ht{ls{j R}l}twzv}~z|~v|e{lt{ls{~u{E~Wou}ux}ywzw~cey|zt|q| n}lx}vwew~ nr~ l|dy{z~ u}xvwywtx}ywz}~ nwy}uwqoyvr q}y}x}ywzwj~ [vwtx}vwew~ d|y~ pou}e}~ }zx}swqoyvr q}l}vwewzwj~ ]{y}k~ oxprz~ d}\{\x|st|u~ {ps{qoyvr~ ucyb| qmy|e{z{j~ ]}uswew~ d|y~ q|yv|~ {k~ nwy}uwqoyvr~ u|zv{z` v|zj~ [xwb~ icsmypmz~ {ps{qoyvr~ ozr~ nr~ l|d{yj~ [t} cey|z{qoyvr~ d}q}swf~ cey|z{qoyvr~ koyxrerj~ 3|~ l{tv{ cey|z{x|a|u~n{y~l|q{~v}d}~g}yvwf~v|e{ls{yp|z~v|~q}l}t q|y{z{f~ u}hp}z~ v}~ q}l}vwux}ywzv}z~ v|e{lt|q|a|u vmlmza|x|y{zj~ Z}xwb~ qmkx|lt|x{f~ u}xwb~ }lt}xw~ ox}z` x}ywj~U}d}~p}ex}t~hwu}n{xt|x{~i|x|a|e|-~ :{tv{~ q|z{~ n{y~ vcz|t{z~ n}lwzv}~ {ls|j~ Uczt|x{ t{qv{E~Uczmb~qmkx|lt|x{~t{qv{E~F|~v|e{lt{ls{~u{E Pls|~q|z{~n{y~qoxarxru-~Uoerb~nmqmvmem~l|dy|~t{ i|x{qoyvr~qoup}~rtrsx}ywzw~|py{u~pou}ux}y}~ictvmem l|dy|~t{E~Pls|~q{z|~i|xt{ls{j~Z}xwb~v|g}t~|st|x{qv{ ourx}j~V|y~l|q~oz}~i|ht{l{~}zwtp}swqoyvrj~Z}vwzx}yf |yu|ux|yf~ {zp}zx}y-~ V|yu|p~ }qzw~ l|q{~ d}quwywqoyvr p}zu{~ n}uwlx}ywzv}f~ cbt|x|y{zv|f~ p}ywxt}x}ywzv}f uozrlt}x}ywzv}-~ S|u~ q}b}n{xv{e{~ rk}u~ u}xt}usw smt~ {zp}zx}yv}zj~ R}l}twzwz~ |z~ i|zh~ |z~ v|x{u}zxw h}ewzv}~ q}l}vwew~ nr~ ox}q~ oz}~ q}l}tw~ n{y~ u|k~ v}d} poyirx}stwlswj~ N|u{f~ l{tv{~ z|~ ox}a}uE~ V|y~ imz~ d|y p}}s~ d|y~ ox}qv}~ n{y~ u|k~ v}d}~ ictvmemtmk~ {zp}z q}zwtwkw~z}pwx~urys}yt}xwqvwuE~ Pls|~TOIV[][~v{qoyrk~smt~{zp}zxwe}T|yd}n}~q|z{~imzT|yd}n}~imz|lx{~p}n}d T|yd}n}~wlwxswpwzw~qmy|e{t|~vmlmy|z~imz|l T|yd}n}~imx|z~ickx|y{t T|yd}n}~l}{y~qmy|e{t T|yd}n}~q}l}t~p|z\oz{tf~nmqmu~u}gi}t T|yd}n}~{zp}zxwu T|yd}n}~n|qz{t{z~g|~qmy|e{t{z~}s|l{ T|yd}n}~|gy|z{z~|z~imk|x~}s|l{~u}y}~p|gv}t T|yd}n}~UO3IPTT|yd}n}~q|z{v|z~n}z} Uczvmt~ p}z}~ |q~ uoa}~ l|d{y~ qwu~ n}u}xwt~ qwu}` n{x{yp|z~n|z{$~:{tv{~v}d}~imhxm~oxvr~uoxx}ywtj~Wwuwa} p}ywxwqoyrt~ p}z}~ d}q}sf~ hmzum~ n|z{~ q}l}t}z}~ {k{z g|yt{qoyrtj~ Wwuwa}~ p}ywxwqoyrt~ p}z}~ d}q}sf~ hmzum p|z{~ q}l}t}u~ {ps{qoyrt-~ Y]{y~ imz~ n{x|~ q}l}t}uX v|e{ls{y{y~n|xu{~d}q}sw-~

Güz ‘11


Yeşil Brandalı Jandarma Jeepi Hüseyin Şenel V}xu~d}y|u|sx|y{z{z~|zi|xx|z|t|k~n{y~d}x~}xvwewf~U|gy{t|~uol}z qmkn{zx|y{z~ W{zobf~ C}sp}f~ [ysg{z~ i{n{~ u|zsx|y{~ urys}ywxtwl~ ncxi|x|y ox}y}u~ l|u{xx|zv{yv{e{~ n{y~ aoey}\q}zwz~ s}t~ oys}pwzv}~ W}tprz_v} vmzq}q}~i|xt{l{tj ]}n}t~ voevrert~ qwxw~ ncqx|~ }zx}stwlswj~ Zozrlt}pwzwz~ n{y q|y{zv|~,_~W|z~voevrerzv}~T}d{y~g|~}yu}v}lx}ywzw~Zwkwxv|y|_v|~u}sx|s` s{x|yf~ U|z{k~ g|~ }yu}v}lx}ywzw~ }pswx}yj~ ,_~ v|t{ls{j~ ]rzx}yw~ pcqx|yu|z qmkmzmz~}xvwew~l|ux{f~vrv}ux}ywzwz~s{sy|t|p{z{~d}q}swt~noqrza}~rzrs}` t}q}a}uswt~ g|~ d}q}swt~ noqrza}~ U|touy}s~ N}ys{~ i|x|z|e{z{~ n|z{t` p|t{l~n{y~}v}twz~q}l}vwew~nr~h|x{lu{q|~n{y~}zx}t~g|y|t|q|a|us{tj Wogq|s~q}yvwtx}ywzw~rzrst}twl~ox}z~nr~url}e}f~Wogq|s~vmlt}z` xwewzw~v}q}s}z~p{ps|t~d|zmk~n}l}ywxw~ox}t}twlswj~]r~h|x{lu{q{~q}xzwka} nrzrzx}~}hwux}q}n{x{qoyvrt~u|zv{t|j [{x|t~ smsmz~ my|s{a{p{qv{j~ ]rzrz~ q}zwzv}~ umhmu~ cxh|ux{~ d}qg}z n|p{a{x{e{~v|~q}l}twtwkwz~n{y~b}yh}pwqvwj Rwxv}~ n{y~ u|k~ }xwz}z~ smsmz~ b}y}pw~ {x|~ n{y~ qwx~ noqrza}~ i|h{zt|u koyrzv}qvwuj~ V}qg}zx}yv}z~ |xv|~ |v{x|z~ pmsf~ qoerysf~ q}ef~ b|qz{yf qrtrys}~i{n{~iwv}x}y~d|t~}{x|z{z~imzxmu~{ds{q}hx}ywzw~u}ylwxwqoyf~d|t v|~ nrzx}ywz~ n{y~ uwptw~ b}k}yv}~ p}swx}y}u~ |g{z~ i|h{t{z|~ g|~ hoarux}ywz oursrxt}pwz}~u}suw~p}ex}zwqoyvrj R}l}twtwz~{xu~qwxx}yw~d}qg}z~n}uwtw~g|~smsmz~my|s{t{zv|~}{x|t{z~g|yv{e{~icy|gx|y{ q|y{z|~i|s{yt|ux|~i|h{qoyvrj [t}koz~ u|zs{qv{~ W}tprzjjj~ [t}kozx}yv}z~ imzmtmk|~ qmkqwxx}y~ i|ht{l~ oxp}~ v} u}vwz~ |i|t|zx{e{z{z~ {kx|y{z{~ d}x}~ s}lwqoyvr~ nr~ soby}ux}yj~ [zz|t{z~ |g{z~ y|{p{~ oxt} a}n}pwzw~g|~nr~qmkv|z~n}n}tx}~v{v{lt|x|y{z{~nrz}~n}ex}yvwtf~d}x|z~v|g}t~|ss{yv{e{t n{y~{z}zwlx}j ]|l~ q}lwt}~ i|xv{e{tv|~ n{y~ imz~ {l~ qoerzxrerzv}z~ vox}qw~ urk{z|~ pon}v}~ |ut|u b{l{y{x|t|t{ls{j~ K~ imz~ nrz}~ hou~ p|g{zt{ls{tj~ Zmhmu~ n{y~ p|g{za{z~ nmqmu~ n{y~ }awq} vczml|a|e{z{~ n{x|t|v|zj~ W|g{zhx{qv{t~ hmzum~ ,_:|d{y~ Out|e{__~ q{q|a|us{uj Lmzmtmkv|~\}kx}pwqx}~hcbx|y|~voxvryvrertrk~g|~}vwz}~,_~:|d{y~Out|e{__~v|v{e{t{k potrz~|ut|e{z{~u}swupwk~q|yv{u~o~qwxx}yv}jjj V}p}z~}n{t~p|g{zhx|~qox}~hwuswj~W}nwypwkxwux}~n|ux|t|q|~n}lx}vwtj~S}dt{z|z~q}ywt p}}s~u}v}y~pozy}~}n{t~|x{zv|u{~n|k~h}zs}~{x|~i|x|a|us{j~Kzr~rk}us}z~icyvmemtv|~s}y` x}zwz~ v{n{zv|u{~ oyt}z}~ voeyr~ uol}a}u~ g|~ potrz~ |ut|e{z{~ ncx|y|u~ g|y|a|e{~ b}yh}qw nmqmu~n{y~{ls}dx}~q{q|y|u~n{yx{us|~|g|~voeyr~qmymq|a|us{uj~Irs{z~q}l}z}z~n{y~p|g{zh~l|u` x{qv{~nrjjj V}p}z~}n{t~d{h~i|xt|v{jjj~[n{tv|z~i|y{q|~}p\}xswz~oys}pwzv}~b}yh}x}ztwl~a|p|v{f h}uwx~qmuxm~u}tqozf~J}zv}yt}~J||b{~g|~qox}~p}gyrxtrl~,_:|d{y~Out|ux|y{__~u}x}a}usw d}\wk}tv}jjj ]r~ox}q~pozy}pwzv}~}{x|t~W}tprz`W{zob~u}y}qoxrz}~{zt|t{~q}p}ux}vwj R}p}ux}y}~g|~v}q}st}x}y}~u}ylw~s}gwy~i|x{ls{yt|t~s}}~o~qwxx}yv}~oys}q}~hwuswj~S|u n}lwt}~d{h~i{st|v{e{tf~nr~q}p}u~oxt}p}qvw~n|xu{~v|~d{h~i{st|q|a|e{t~W}tprz`W{zob u}y}qoxrz}~d|y~imz~{z|y~oxtrlsrt~}yswuj Z}y}qoxrz}~ {zv{e{t{~ }{x|t{z~ }zx}t}t}pw~ {h{z~ |gv|z~ hwuswewtv}~ cza|~ s|yp {ps{u}t|ss|~{x|yx|yf~n{y~pmy|~pozy}~qczmtm~v|e{ls{y{y~twpwy~s}yx}x}ywz}~i{y|y|u~u}y}qoxrz} {z|yv{tj

Güz ‘11

71


On|g|qzx|y|~ icy|~ hoarux}y~ {h{z~ u}y}qoxrzv}~ s|u s|dx{u|~}y}v}~n{y~i|h|z~h}uwx~u}tqozx}yw~v|e{xv{j~Lmzmz p{q}p{~ uolrxx}yw~ g|~ ox}qx}yw~ v}~ }{x|x|y{z~ hoarux}ywzw u}y}qoxrzv}z~ rk}u~ srst}x}ywzw~ i|y|us{y|z~ i|h|yx{~ n{y p|n|bs{j W{q}p{~ iyrbx}y~ i|x{y~ u}y}qoxrz}~ h|l{sx{~ q}kwx}y q}k}yf~l|u{xx|y~h{k|y~g|~}a|x|~{x|~i{v|yx|yv{j ]{y~ pmy|~ pozy}~ q|l{x~ ny}zv}xw~ umhmu~ n{y~ J}zv}yt} J||b{~ i|x{yf~ J||bs|z~ {z|z~ J}zv}yt}x}y~ q}kwx}ywf~ l|u{xx|y{ uozsyox~ |v|yx|yv{j~ L|z|xv|~ n{y~ iyrnrz~ q}kwx}t}x}ywzwz mk|yx|y{z{~ ourz}t}q}a}u~ d}x|~ i|x|z|~ u}v}y~ u{y|hx| noq}qwb~ i{v|yx|yv{j~ U{e|y~ iyrnrz~ q}kvwux}ywz}~ d{h vourzt}vwux}yw~v{uu}s{tv|z~u}ht}kvwj <ou~ }uwxxw~ n{y~ hoaru~ oxvrert~ pcqx|z{yv{jjj [zz|tv|z~ n|l~ q}lwtv}~ ourt}`q}kt}~ cey|zt{ls{tj Kurt}`q}kt}~ cey|zt|~ {ps|e{t~ g|~ h}n}t~ v}d}~ hou u}y}qoxrzv}u{~ o~ q}kwx}yw~ ourt}~ t|y}uwtv}z~ u}q` z}ux}zwqoyvrj Kurt}`q}kt}qw~}zz|tv|z~cey|zt|t{z~s|u~v|k}` g}zs}Jwzw~D~{x|~<~x|y{~f~U~{x|~S~x|y{~u}ywlswyt}u~ox}y}u q}l}q}a}uswt~pozy}u{~qwxx}yv}jjj ]{y~ imz~ u}y}qoxrz}~ {zv{e{tv|~ i|x|z~ iyrnrz q}kvwux}ywzw~d|a|x|q|y|u~ourvrt9 C}n~y{~u}~x}y~S}y~x}~x}y~W{~q}~p{~Pu~s{~v}y~V|y~l|q~O t|~ e{z~ K~ x}~ a}uj~ Wozy}~ d|a|x|y{~ n{yx|ls{yv{tj ,_C}ny{u}x}y~ S}yx}x}y~ W{q}p{~ Pus{v}y~ V|y~ l|q~ Ot|e{z Kx}a}uj__~pxoi}zwzw~d}s}pwk~ourvrtj 3}q~n|~$~v|v{tj~U|t|u~cqx|j~V|y~l|q~Ot|e{z~ox}` a}u~ d}~ $~ U|t|u~ nrzx}y~ Ot|e{z{z~ }v}tx}ywj~ T}lru }e}zwz~}v}tx}yw~i{n{~q}z{j~L|x|a|u~n{k{t~s}yx}x}ywtwkwf v}qwtwz~u}y}~x}ps{u~}q}uu}nw~\}ny{u}pwzw~}x}a}ux}yj~Smt nr~q}kwx}yw~v}~n{k~uoyurb~i{v|x{t~v{q|~q}kwqoyx}yvwj~K

72

Ot|e{z~qou~trqvrf~o~|t|e{z~z|~l|y|\p{k~n{y~}v}tvw~oj ]r~s|bu{x{~\{u{y~n{y~pmy|~v}d}~q}l}q}a}usw~n|qz{tv| Z}y}qoxr~ sryx}ywtwz~ n{y{zv|~ v{e|y~ iyrbx} u}ylwx}lswtj~R{z|~q}kvwux}ywzw~d|a|x|q|y|u~ourvrtj~R| l{x~ucq~K~g}~pw~]ok~urys~x}y~ywz~Rr~g}~pw Wozy}~ d|a|x|y{~ n{yx|ls{y|y|u~ ourvrtj~ ,_R|l{xucq Kg}pw~]okurysx}ywz~Rrg}pw__ ]r~ q}kw~ n{y~ d}qx{~ uoyurstrlsr~ n|z{jjj~ R|l{xucq n{k{t~ucqmtmkvmj~U|t|u~u{~n{k{t~ucqmtmkv|~urys` x}ywz~qrg}pw~g}yvwj~Zol}y}u~|g|~i{st{l~g|~}zz|t|~,_n{k` {t~ ucqv|~ urysx}ywz~ qrg}pw~ tw~ g}yE__~ v{q|~ poytrlsrtj [zz|t~,_~Og|s~nov~{p|q{zx|y{z~s}yx}pwzwz~v{n{zv|~d|z` v|e{z~ oyv}~ urysx}ywz~ qrg}pw~ g}y__~ v|t{ls{j~ ]r~ }zz|t {h{z~ nrxrzt}k~ n{y~ \wyp}ssw~ g|~ }zz|t~ nr~ \wyp}sw~ hou~ {q{ v|e|yx|zv{yt{ls{j~ <mzum~ n}dp|ss{e{~ q|y~ q|y|x~ s}n{yx| u}\rx~ v|v{e{t{k~ {u{~ {zp}z~ noqrz}~ g}y}z~ v{u|zx{u~ n{y }x}zvwj~ ]ry}pw~ d|t~ u}y}qoxrz}~ {z{x|z|z~ h}uwx~ qoxrz d|tv|~ u|ps{yt|v|z~ {z{x|z~ b}s{u}~ qoxrz~ u|p{ls{e{~ zou` s}qvwj~Z}y}qoxrz}~{zt|u~{h{z~d|y~{u{~qoxr~v}~uoyurt` v}z~urxx}z}t}q}a}uswtj ]r~ uoyur~ n|zv|~ n{y`{u{~ d}\s}~ u}v}y~ v}d}~ v|g}t |v|a|u~g|~n|z{~u}y}qoxrzv}z~rk}u~srs}a}uswj ]{y`{u{~ d}\s}~ pozy}~ q|z{v|z~ u}y}qoxrz}~ {zt|q| n}lx}vwtj~ V|tv|~ }zz|t{z~ ,_urysx}ywz~ qrg}pw__~ v|v{e{ u}\rx~}x}zwz~q}zwzv}z~i|h|y|ujjj~@za|x|y{~o~u}\rx~}x}z} n}u}y}u~ d|y~ }z~ n{y~ urys~ hwu}a}ewzw~ vmlmzmb~ uoyu}y}u i|hs{t~oy}v}zj~Wozy}x}yw~uoyurt~d}\{\x|v{~}t}~oy}zwz uoyurprzr~q}l}twt~noqrza}~mk|y{tv|z~d{h~}s}t}vwtj V}x|z~ n{x|~ W}tprz_}~ i{ss{e{tv|~ oy}v}z~ i|h|yu|z~ n{y s|v{yi{zx{u~vrq}ywtj R{z|~ n{y~ v|\}pwzv}~ {u{za{~ iyrbx}~ u}ylwx}lswtj Z}y}qoxr~{x|~s}yx}x}ywz~}y}pwzv}u{~h{t|zx{u~nol~}x}zv}

Güz ‘11


twpwy~ s}yx}pwz}~ q}uwz~ osrytrl~ ozx}yw~ p|qy|v{qoyvrtj V|y~k}t}zu{~i{n{~[dt|s~doa}zwz~|g{z|~q}uwz~n{y~q|yv| ucbymzmz~mpsmzv|~qox}~q}kwx}y~q}kwqoyx}yvwj ]|z{~ \}yu|ss{ux|y{zv|~ {hx|y{zv|z~ n{y{~ ,_~ Kyyopbr hoarer~z|~n}uwqoyprzf~}z}zw~tw~pjjjjj~yrkj__~v{q|~n}ewyvwj Zcsm~ n{y~ l|q~ pcqx|v{ux|y{z{z~ \}yuwzv}qvwtf~ \}u}s~ urx` x}zvwux}yw~ um\myxm~ pckamux|y{z~ }zx}tx}ywzw~ n{xt{qoy` vrtj V{h~ s|bu{~ icps|yt|v|z~ oy}v}~ cqx|a|~ osryt}q} v|g}t~ |ss{tj~ Zm\my~ |v|z~ u{l{~ q}zwt}~ i|x|y|u~ ,_W}z} v|t{qoy~ trqrtf~ p{us{yox~ i{s~ |g{z|__~ v{q|y|u~ n}lwt} p|ys~n{y~sou}s~b}sx}sswj ]r~ um\ym~ g|~ sou}vw~ q}l}twt~ noqrza}~ d{h~ rzrs` t}q}a}uf{h{tv|~n{y~{zs{u}t~vrqirpr~ox}y}u~s}lwq}a}u` swtj~ >]{y}k~ v}d}~ nmqmvmemtv|~ o~ box{s{u~ icymls|z n|z{t~ }uy}zwt~ ox}z~ hoarux}yw~ vcgt|us|z~ u|zv{t{ }xwuoq}t}q}a}uswtj? ]{y~pmy|~v}d}~u}y}qoxrz}~{zt|v{tj~V|y~{u{~iyrbs} ucsmqvmj~]{y{za{~iyrb~s}yx}x}ywtwkw~}xt}u~{ps{qoyf~{u{za{ iyrb~{p|~um\y|v{b~vcgmqoyvrj [y}v}z~n{y~pmy|~i|hs{j~]{y~imz~t}d}xx|z{z~hoaru` x}yw~ {x|~ u}y}qoxrz}~ ,_u}y}~ x}ps{u~ oqrzr__~ oqz}t}q} {zv{uj~ <ou~ p|gv{e{t{k~ n{y~ oqrzvr~ nrj~ V|b{t{k~ }q}u` x}ywtwkv}u{~ u}y}~ x}ps{u~ }q}uu}nwx}yw~ hwu}yswb~ u}ylwv}z u}ylwq}~ qox}~ v{k|y~ u}y}qoxrzv}z~ }y}h~ i|ht|p{z{~ n|u` x|yv{uj~ Roxv}z~ n{y~ }y}h~ i|hs{e{zv|~ u}y}~ x}ps{u }q}uu}nwx}y~ cqx|~ n{y~ p|p~ hwu}yswyvw~ u{f~ lo\cyx|y }y}hx}ywzwz~ x}ps{ux|y{z{z~ b}sx}vwewzw~ vmlmz|y|u~ n{y}k {x|yv|~vryryx}yvwj~]r~n{k|~{z}zwxt}k~n{y~u|q{\~g|y{yv{j R{z|~ u}y}~ x}ps{u~ }q}uu}nwx}ywtwkw~ hwu}ywb~ qox} v{kv{uf~twpwy~s}yx}x}ywzwz~u|z}ywz}~i{v{bf~osryrb~n|ux|t` |q|~n}lx}vwuj~K~qwxx}yv}~osoton{x~hou~k|zi{zx|yv|~oxry` vr~g|~n{k{t~{xh|v|u{~osoton{x~p}qwpw~{u{~|x{z~b}yt}ux}yw u}v}y~ n{x|~ v|e{xv{j~ [y}v}~ n{y~ v|~ h}uwx~ u}tqozx}ywzwz i|hs{e{~ oxryvrj~ ]r~ qmkv|z~ n}k|z~ q}ywt~ p}}ss|z~ \}kx} osoton{x~ i|ht|p{z{~ n|ux|v{e{t{k~ oxryvrj~ ]{y~ pmy| pozy}~ i|x|z~ Dd|gyox|s~ t}yu}~ osoton{x~ u}y}~ x}ps{u }q}uu}nwx}ywtwkwz~ mk|y{zv|z~ dwkx}~ i|hs{j~ ,_N}s~ b}s~ b}s b}s__~p|px|y{~}y}pwzv}~u}du}d}x}y}~noerxvruj~Ksoton{x n{y}k~{x|yv|~vryrb~{h{zv|z~{z|z~lo\cy~x}ps{ux|y{z{~uozsyox |ss{j~;}ps{ux|y{z{z~p}ex}t~oxvrerzr~icymb~}y}awz}~n{zv{j ]{k~i{v|a|e{z{~vmlmzmyu|z~osoton{x~dwkx}~i|y{`i|y{~i|x` |y|u~ u}y}~ x}ps{u~ }q}uu}nwx}ywtwkwz~ q}zwzv}~ vryvrj }y}awz~{h{zv|z~{z|z~{y{~q}yw~n{y~}v}t~osoton{x{z~n}i}` Jwzw~ }hswf~ }q}uu}nwx}ywtwkw~ n}i}J}~ voxvryrb~ i{ss{j~ ]r cqx|~dwkxw~i|x{ls{~u{f~n{y~pmy|~l}luwzxwewtwkw~mk|y{t{kv|z }s}t}vwuj~ Wozy}~ smt~ hoarux}y~ }ex}t}q}~ n}lx}vwj Phx|y{zv|~ |z~ umhmux|y{qv{tf~ v{e|yx|y{~ n|zv|z~ n{y|y {u{l|y~q}l~nmqmusmj~F|v|zp|~n|z~}ex}twqoyvrtj [q}uu}nwpwk~u}xtwlswuj~]|z~|gv|~}zz|t|~n}n}t} z|~ v{q|a|e{t{~ vmlmzmqoyvrtj~ Z}y}qoxrzv}~ Yu}y} x}ps{u~ oqrzrX~ nmqmux|y{t{k{zv|~ n{xv{e{~ n{y~ oqrzvrj R}z{~}{x|t~u}y}qoxrz}~{zv{e{t{~}zx}q}a}uswj

Güz ‘11

K~pwy}v}~qox}~q}kw~q}k}z~n{y{za{~iyrb~i|xv{j~]{y{za{ iyrnrz~ {h{zv|~ n}k|z~ }nx}x}y~ v}~ oxryvrj~ p}hx}ywtwkw oul}yf~n{k{tx|~podn|s~|v|yx|yv{j~Phx|y{zv|~}vw~C{x{k~ox}z hou~imk|x~n{y~}nx}~g}yvwj~]{k|~z|v|z~}ex}vwewtwkw~poyvrj Uryrtr~ }zx}sswuj~ [y}awz~ y|zi{z{~ poyvrx}yj~ ,_uwytwkw__ v|v{u~ Phx|y{zv|z~ n{y{~ ,_Z}tn|y_{z~ }y}n}pwzw~ pcqxmqoy` x}y__~v|v{j~U{e|y{~,_W}tprz_}~n|zk{z|~i{st{ls{yf~n{y}k` v}z~vcz|y__~v|v{j~]|ux|t|q|~n}lx}vwuj Ksoton{x~ rk}us}z~ icymzvmemzv|~ cza|v|z~ d}kwy` x}vwux}yw~{u{~s}z|~}e}aw~qox}~v{kv{x|yj~]rxrzvrertrk~q|y d}\{\~g{y}J~oxvrer~{h{z~i|x|z~osoton{x~z|qx|~u}ylwx}l}` a}ewzw~n{xt{qoyvrj~[y}h~g{y}Jw~vczvmf~qoxv}u{~}e}hx}yw icyvm~g|~n{yv|z~\y|z|~n}pswj~L|y{~vczt|u~{ps|v{~}t}f~o imzum~qoxx}y~n{y~osoton{x{z~y}d}sh}~t}z|gy}~q}b}n{x|` a|e{~ i|z{lx{us|~ v|e{xv{j~ 7}s|z~ nr~ uwp}~ pmy|~ k}y\wzv} qoxrz~u|z}ywz}~p}ux}z}z~iyrbs}z~{u{~u{l{~}y}a}~q|s{ls{j [y}awz~lo\cy~u}bwpwzw~}hswx}yj ]{k~v|~}y}a}~voeyr~i{ss{uj~]r~iyrbs}z~pozy}u{~qwx` x}yv}~ s}zwvwewt~ s|u~ u{l{~ ox}z~ Try}s~ }n{~ ,_~ Z}tn|y [e}}}~ f~ hoarux}ywz~ }q}uu}nwx}ywzw~ }xtwlpwz__~ ,_~ W|z hoaruxru~q}l}t}vwz~twE__~,_[qwb~p}z}f~nrzx}y~hoaru__ v|v{j~R|s|yx{~n{y~s|dv{s~}xiwx}t}pw~g}yvw~nr~uozrlt}v}j Z}tn|y~ }e}~ p|pp{ka|~ }y}hs}z~ {zv{j~ [y}n}zwz~ n}i}Jwzw }hsw~g|~}q}uu}nwx}ywtwkw~}p\}xswz~mk|y{z|~nwy}u}y}u~d{h uozrlt}v}z~ }y}awz}~ n{z{b~ rk}ux}lswj~ Smt~ hoarux}y }q}uu}nwx}ywzw~p|h{b~}x}y}u~|gx|y{z|~i{ss{x|yj K~iyrn}~u}ylw~{h{tv|~n{y~t{zz|s~vrqirpr~oxrlsrj R{z|~v|~ozx}ywz~Ot|e{z_{z~}v}tx}yw~oxvrux}ywzw9~n{k{t s}yx}x}ywtwkwf~ v}qwtwz~ u}y}~ x}ps{u~ }q}uu}nw~ \}ny{u}pwzw }xt}u~{ps|v{ux|y{z{~rzrstrqoyvrtj ]{y~ pozy}u{~ u}ylwx}lt}twkv}~ nrzr~ v}d}~ \}kx} {h{tv|~ s}lwq}t}vwt~ ,_[t}~ p{k~ Ot|e{z_{z }v}tx}ywpwzwkf~ n{k{t~ s}yx}x}ywtwkwf~ v}qwtwz~ u}y}~ x}ps{u }q}uu}nw~\}ny{u}pwzw~}x}a}upwzwkj__~v|v{t~g|~,_~]|z{t n}n}twz~ {u{~ s}z|~ s}n}za}pw~ g}yf~ d}v{~ i|x{zv|~ }xwz n}u}xwt__~v|t|q{~v|~{dt}x~|st|v{tj `~]{k~u{t{z~}v}tx}ywqwk~E~v{q|~poyvr~{hx|y{zv|z~n{y }n{ `~Ot|e{z_{z~v|v{t `~Ot|e{z~u{t~v|v{ `~]{k{t~s}yx}x}ywtwkw~}x}a}u~ox}z~}v}t~v|v{tj Phx|y{zv|z~n{y{~vryrtr~v{e|yx|y{z|~}zx}sswj~[p\}xs} q}kvwux}yw~ pxoi}zwz~ n|zv|~ nwy}uswew~ }xiwqw~ }zx}sswj~ V|b n{yx{us|~ imxt|q|~ n}lx}vwx}yj~ <ou~ uwkvwtj~ Vwkx}~ |g| voeyr~ qmymt|q|~ n}lx}vwtj~ [y}v}~ n{y~ }yu}t}~ vczmb iyrn}~p|ys~n}uwlx}yx}~n}uwqoyvrtj C{x{k~}nx}~uolsr~n}z}~q|s{ls{j~Ox{tv|z~srssrf~twpwy s}yx}pwzwz~ u|z}ywz}~ osryvruj~ Ot|e{z_{z~ n{y~ }v}t oxt}vwewzwf~ z|~ oxvrerzr~ nwuwb~ rp}zt}v}z~ {u{~ p}}s u}v}y~n{y~pmy|~}zx}sswj Pxu~ u|k~ }xsw~ q}lwtv}~ oy}v}~ Ot|e{z~ z|~ oxvrerzr cey|zv{tj

73


Kana Yazýlan Kanla Yazýlan Hayatlar Seval Demir ]{y~v}tx}~u}zvw~n{k{~d}q}s}~n}ex}q}zj~]{y~v}tx} u}zvw~voertrtrkv}z~cxmtmtmk|~nmqmu~p}g}lx}yv} noerx}zj~Z}vwz~oxt}~u}zwf~y|ix~u}zwf~voert~u}zw~g| v}d}~ p}q}t}q}a}u~ u}v}y~ uwytwkwqvw~ icuqmkmj Ucumx|z~u}zx}y~{h{z~g|~d}ss}~vcumxt|q|z~u}zx}y~{h{z` v{~nrza}~}aw~u|v|y~g|~ickq}lx}ywj~V|y~p}q\}v}~n{z~qwx` xwu~ u|v|yx|y{qx|~ qoeyrxtrl~ n{zx|ya|~ u}vwz~ qmkmj Lmk|x~qmkxm~g|~*~g|q}~imx|y~qmkxm~oxt}u~smt~prhx}ywj Og|s~ sobxrtp}x~ n}puwx}y~ qmkmzv|z~ uwqwxtwl~ n{zx|ya| d}q}s~ g}y~ l{tv{~ ickmtmz~ czmzv|j~ L}k|s|x|y{z~ 5j p}q\}~u}dy}t}zx}yw~n{kx|yf~z|~hou~}awx}yv}z~i|h{b~v| qwuwxtwqoyrkj~ ]{k~ qwuwxt}vwuh}~ u}st|yx|z|z~ u|v|y` x|y|~ noerxrqoyrkj~ F|~ hou~ }awq}~ icemp~ i|y{b~ z|~ qwx` t}k~ n{y~ u}v|y{~ b}qx}lwqoyrkj~ R}bwx}z~ }y}lswyt}x}y} d|y~i|h|z~imz~q|z{x|y{~|ux|z{yu|z~q}bwxt}pw~i|y|u|z` x|y{~n{y~hwybwv}~pcqx|q{g|y|z~z|~hou~{zp}z~g}y~h|gy|t` {kv|j~ Z}vwz}~ |x~ u}xvwy}z~ v{q|~ n}lx}q}z~ amtx|x|yv|z d|y~z|~u}v}y~{ey|zt{l~oxp}u~v}~d|y~}z~q|z{~amtx|x|y smy|t|us|~ |sy}\wtwkv}j~ Z}vwz}~ |x~ u}xvwy}z~ |yu|u }a{kv{y~ v{q|zx|y~ }pxwzv}~ p{k~ l{vv|s{z~ d}zi{~ u}y}zxwu qmkmzv|~u}xwqoyprzrk~n{x{qoy~trprzrkE ]rimz~ n{y~ hou~ p{g{x~ sobxrt~ cyimsmzmz~ v| u}swxvwew~*~v|ps|ux|v{e{~Yu}vwz}~l{vv|s|~d}qwyX~t{s{zi` x|y{~vmk|zx|zt|us|j~F|~u}v}y~q|s|yx{~oxrqoy~s}yswlwxwy }za}u~n{kx|y~d|b~|up{u~|s|uf~p}hw~rkrz~}uxw~uwp}~u}vwz` x}y~ ox}y}u~ vmzq}zwz~ d}zi{~ {ux{t{zv|~ d}zi{~ u}y} b}yh}pwzv}~oxryp}u~ox}xwt~|k{x{qoyrk~g|~t}}x|p|\~vry v{q|t|t|z{z~ }awpwqx}~ d|y~ imz~ n{y}k~ v}d}~ cxvmymxm` qoyrkj~@xvmuh|~}awx}ywtwkw~t{y}p~nwy}uwqoyrk~n|xu{~v| voet}q}a}u~hoarux}ywtwk}j N|u{~z|v|z~oxrqoy~smt~nrzx}yE~Rwxx}y~cza|p{zv| t{z{a{u~ t}prt~ hoarux}ywtwk~ ox}z~ nr~ {zp}zx}y~ z}pwx oxrqoy~v}~scy|~}vwz}f~z}trp~}vwz}~g|q}~{pt{z{~p}q}` t}q}a}ewt~n{zx|ya|~z|v|zv|z~vox}qw~u}s{x~oxrqoyx}yE [uxwtwz~ x}n{y|zsx|y{zv|~ n{zx|ya|~ poyr~ g}y~ u}qnox}zj F|v|z|~ n{y~ a|g}b~ nrx}t}t}us}z~ qoyirz~ vmlsm~ n|q` z{t{z~ smt~ uwgywtx}ywj~ ]{k{~ q}y~ v{q|~ p|g|yu|z~ g|q} }z}~ v{q|~ |x{t{k{~ cb|yu|z~ g|~ d|y~ l|q~ n}tn}lu}qu|z z|v|z~yoxx|y~n{y}k~v|e{l{za|~g|q}~q}l}t~l}ysx}yw~}ewy` x}lwza}~ vmlt}zwtwk~ *~ u}s{x{t{k~ oxt}~ h}n}pwzv}x}yE R}z{~ |z~ poz~ k}y}y~ g|yt|p{~ i|y|u|z~ u{l{q|~ z|v|z~ {xu k}y}y~g|yt|q{~p|h{qoyx}yE~]r~g|~nrzrz~i{n{~n{zx|ya| poyr~ g}y~ n|qz{t{z~ {h{zv|j~ Umlmzmqoyrt~ a|g}bpwk poyrx}ywtwj

74

@xmt~ v|q{za|f~ ourvrert~ smt~ u}s{x~ }hwux}` t}x}ywzv}~cxmtm~d}u~|st|u~v{q|~n{y~s|y{t~urxx}zwxw` qoyj~N|u{~voet}qw~d}u~|v|n{x|z~n{kx|y~{u|zf~cxmtm~v| d}u~ |v{qoy~ trqrk~ i|yh|us|zE~ 3|q}~ nr~ vmzq}v} d}u{t~u{tE~[v}x|s~p}v|a|~n{k{~|x{z{z~u{y{f~|up{u~|s|u ox}y}u~ icy|z~ |yu|ux|yv|~ t{E~ Kzx}ywz~ }v}x|s{qx| q}l}yu|z~ g|q}~ cxmyu|z~ z|~ u}v}y~ prhxrqrk~ n{k~ v|E [zxwqoyrt~ u{~ n{k~ voevrus}z~ |gx|z|z|~ u}v}y n}n}x}ywtwkwz~ t}xwf~ |gx|zv{us|z~ pozy}~ v} uoa}x}ywtwkwz~ t}xw~ g|q}~ u{n}yx}lswywyp}u~ z}trp ox}y}u~d|b~n{y{x|y{z{z~noqrzvryrer~}xswzv}~q}lwqoyrkj Z|zv{~ \{u{yx|y{t{k~ oxt}q}z~ n{zx|ya|~ vmlmza|q{~ n|z` {tp|q{b~ sobxrtp}x~ l{vv|s|~ t}yrk~ u}x}y}uf~ n{yhoer` trk~v}~nrzr~poyirprka}~u}nrx~|v|y|u~g|~d}q}swtwk noqrza}~ p|pp{k~ hwexwux}y~ nmqms|y|u~ u|zv{~ u}y}zxwu` x}ywtwkv}~q{s{qoyrkj Smt~ nrzx}y}~ y}et|z~ }yswu~ po\y}v}u{~ q|y{t{k cumkx|y{t{kv|z~ pozy}~ i|xt{qoyj~ ]rz}~ p|g{zt|x{~ t{ n{xt{qoyrt~ }t}~ Y|l{sx{uX~ rx}lwxt}pw~ koy~ n{y~ msobq}j Zozrlsrer~ {h{z~ vcgmx|z~ pozy}~ prpsrer~ {h{z~ vcgmx|z n{zx|ya|~u}vwz~qmy|e{~s}zwtwlxwewt~g}yj~Oz~q}uwzwtwk` v}~d|t~v|~nryzrtrkrz~v{n{zv|~d|y~imz~cxt|us|z~n{z n|s|y~q}l}tx}yv}~v{tv{u~vry}n{x|z~u}vwzx}y~s}zwvwtj W}g}l~u}dy}t}zx}yw~i{n{~v{tv{u~{u{~|x{~u}zv}~n|xu{~v| }t}~d|b~t}eyry~|k{xp|~v|~qwxt}q}z~u}vwzx}y~s}zwvwtj Zoyurqr~ s}zwvwt~ l{vv|s~ icytml~ n{y~ u}vwzwz~ }qz}q} n}u}z~qmkmzv|j~T|yd}t|s{~s}zwvwt~}z}x}ywtwkwz~s|yx{ g|~z}pwyxw~|xx|y{zv|j~]|xu{~v|~vmlx|y{~|ys|x|zt{l~d}q}s` x}y}~d}bp|v{xt{l~u}vwzx}yvwuf~|z~v|y{z~l{vv|sx|y{z~icx` i|p{zv|j Pxi{zhs{y~u{f~d|y~l|q~oxrb~n{s|yu|z~q{z|~*~q|z{v|z rtrsx}y~ q|l|yst|q|~ v|g}t~ |v{qoyrkj~ Lcuqmkm~ d|y k}t}zu{~ i{n{~ t}g{~ g|~ imz|l~ d{h~ b}yx}t}vwew~ u}v}y b}yxwqoy~n{kx|y|j~Trsxr~ox}n{xt|u~}vwz}~imxmtp|t|q{ v|~n}l}ywqoyrk~{x}d{~n{y~imhx|j~3|~dmz|yx{~|xx|y{t{kx| n{kx|y9~i|ht{ls|~}yu}pwzv}z~qmymvmemtmk~|yu|ux|y{z q}zwzv}~ qmymt|q|f~ d}upwkxwu~ u}ylwpwzv}~ vry~ v{q|` n{xt|q|~ g|~ u}x}z~ pozprk~ p}nywtwkx}~ smt~ hoaru` x}ywtwk}~ l|u{x~ g|yt|q|~ qmymqoyrkj~ ]}d}yv}~ soby}ew {lx|y~ i{n{j~ L{ss{e{t{k~ ozx}ya}~ qoxv}z~ v{tv{u~ i|h{` qoyrk~ n{zx|ya|~ u|y|j~ 2q}zt}q}~ g|~ v{y{xt|q|~ vml|z rtrsx}yw~q|yv|z~}xwb~i|x|a|e|~uolt}q}~i|x{qoyrkj

Güz ‘11


Cins Özgün Denizci

İmkansızlık

[

hwu~d}g}v}f~soby}u~k|t{z~mk|y{zv|~uwp}~n{y~qmymqml~Z}s{~{h{z~imz| imk|x~ n{y~ n}lx}ziwh~ }zx}twz}~ i|x{qoyvrj~ S|p{y~ {x|~ nrxrlt}~ q|y{ ox}y}u~Wr~Z}\|_q{~p|ht{lx|yv{j~2krz~n{y~pcqx|l{~ox}a}usw~g|~nry}pw podn|s{z~v}d}~k|gux{~n{y~d}x|~i|xt|p{~{h{z~rqirz~n{y~q|yv{j~Lcxmz~{h|y{p{zv|f q}ux}lwu~.=~t|sy|~v|y{zx{e|~uryrxtrlf~+~s}y}\w~a}tx}yx}~{zl}~|v{xt{lf~umb n{h{t{zv|~ n{y~ q}bwqvw~ Wr~ Z}\|j~ Ph|y{v|f~ i|x|zx|y{z~ y}d}sh}~ podn|s~ |v|` n{xt|x|y{~{h{z~\}yuxw~l|u{xx|yv|~v{k}qz~|v{xt{l~osryt}~}x}zx}yw~g}yvwj Pps|q|zx|y~ uoxsrux}y}~ uryrx}y}uf~ |g{z~ p}xozrzv}~ osryrqoytrl d}g}pw~ {x|~ {ps|q|zx|yp|~ t}p}~ g|~ p}zv}xq|x|yx|~ oxrlsryrx}z osryt}~}x}zx}ywzw~urxx}z}y}u~pcqx|l{qoyx}yvwj S|p{yf~|yu|z~i|x{b~n{y~t}p}q}~osrytrlsrf~Z}s{~v|~q}zwz}~i|x{b K_z}~ u}swxvwj~ S|p{yf~ h|l{sx{~ a}zxw~ smyx|y{z{z~ n{yx{us|~ q}l}t~ l|u{xx|y{z{ {za|x|q|z~g|~nr~uozrv}~}y}lswyt}x}y~q}b}z~n{y~popqoxoJ{~rkt}zwqvwj Z}s{f~S|p{y_{z~h}xwlt}x}ywzwz~vrqryrprzr~q}bt}u~mk|y|~n{y t}u}x|~ d}kwyx}t}u~ {ps{qoyf~ nrzrz~ {h{z~ ozrz~ h}xwlt}x}ywqx} {xi{x{~ v|s}qx}yw~ cey|zt|q|~ h}xwlwqoyvrj~ Zwp}~ n{y~ imzxmu trd}nn|s{z~ }yvwzv}z~ uozr~ S|p{y_{z~ poz~ vcz|tv|u{~ h}xwl` t}x}ywz}~i|xv{j S|p{y~ p}v|a|~ u|zv{~ i|k|i|z{zv|~ v|e{x~ i}x}up{v|u{~ n{yhou qwxvwk~p{ps|t{zv|~ickx|tx|y~q}b}n{xt|~ox}z}ewz}~p}d{b~oxtrl` srj~ Z}s{f~ zosx}ywzw~ u}qv|v|a|e{~ n{xi{p}q}ywzw~ d}kwy~ |v{za|~ S|p{y }zx}st}q}~n}lx}vwj YUmzq}xwx}ywz~,pozv}~pcqx|q|a|e{z{~n}ls}~pcqx|t|u_~v{q|~n{y v|q{tx|y{~ g}yvwyj~ W}zwywt~ n|z~ v|~ l{tv{~ cqx|~ q}b}a}ewtB~ V}zi{ z{s|x{us|~oxryp}~oxprz~n{y~popq}x~sobxrxrerz~{h{zv|~q}l}q}z~d|y~n{y|q o~ sobxrtrz~ ury}xx}ywz}~ g|~ n{h{t{z|~ u|zv{z{~ rqvryt}u~ koyrzv}vwyj [za}u~nr~pcqx|v{e{tv|z~,sobxrt~ury}xx}yw~p}n{ss{y~g|~}px}~v|e{lt|k_~l|u` x{zv|~n{y~pozrh~v}~hwu}ywxt}t}xwjX Y]rzr~n{y}k~}hwux}q}n{x{y~t{p{zEX~v|v{~Z}s{j~ YS}n{{jX~ v|v{~ S|p{yj~ YV|yd}zi{~ n{y~ popq}x~ sobxrxrus}z~ u}pws~ n{y~ l|d{y voxrpr~{zp}z~v}~ox}n{x{yf~n{yu}h~u{l{v|z~oxrl}z~}yu}v}l~sobxrxrer~v}9~d}ss} {u{~u{l{x{u~n{y~iyrb~n{x|~nr~s}zwt}~v}d{xv{yjX S|p{y~nrzx}yw~}zx}swyu|z~}y}v}~n{y~ickm~a}t~vrg}yx}ywz~i|y{p{zv|u{~t}z` k}y}q}~s}uwxwqoyvrj~Lcxv|~q}l}q}z~pr~a}zxwx}yw~h|gy|x|y{zv|~|lp{k~n{y~t}z` k}y}~q}y}stwlswj YZozrq}~ popqoxoJ{u~ n}kw~ u}gy}tx}yw~ }zx}s}y}u~ n}lx}twl~ oxvrtf rt}ywt~p|z{z~{h{z~pwuwaw~oxt}kjX~v{q|y|u~v|g}t~|ss{j YV}qwyf~pwuwxtwqoyrtj~]{x}u{p~n|z{t~{h{z~hou~k|gux{~uozrx}y~nrzx}yjX YPq{~cqx|qp|f~l{tv{~v}d}~y}d}swtj~U|g}t~|v|q{tB~Sobxrtp}x~n{y~n{yx{u

Güz ‘11

75


oxrltrl~ {p|~ nr~ n{yx{us|~ oxt}zwz~ koyrzxrxrux}yw z|v|z{qx|~ n}kw~ ury}xx}y~ oys}q}~ hwu}y~ g|~ n{y|qx|y u{l{p|x~s|ya{dx|y{z{~qou~p}qt}u~b}d}pwz}~n{x|~oxp} nr~ ury}xx}y}~ rqt}u~ koyrzv}vwyx}yj~ Vruru v|v{e{t{k~ u}gy}t~ v}~ }pxwzv}~ s}t~ ox}y}u~ nrvry9 q}z{~sobxrtp}x~{x{lu{x|y{~vmk|zx|t|~n{x{t{v{yjX Y]{y~v}u{u}$~,Z{l{p|x~s|ya{dx|y{z{~qou~p}qt}u b}d}pwz}_~v|yu|z~z|q{~u}ps|v{qoyprzEX Y]{y|q~oxt}u~v|t|u~n{x{zhx{~n{y~g}yxwu~oxt}u v|t|us{y~ g|~ q}l}t~ {h|y{p{zv|~ d|y~ n{y|q{z~ n{x{za{ v{e|yx|y{zv|z~\}yuxw~n{y~i|x{l{t~icps|y{yj~S|ya{dx|y {p|~nr~\}yuxwxwux}ywz~n{y~pozrarvryj~Uox}qwpwqx}~n{x` {zhx|y{~\}yuxw~l|u{xv|~i|x{lt{l~ox}z~n{y|qx|y{z~s|y` a{dx|y{~v|~n{yn{yx|y{zv|z~\}yuxwvwyjX [yu}pwz}~ q}px}zwb~ n{y~ q}zv}z~ v}~ Z}s{_q| n}uswj~Wwuwx}n{x|a|e{zv|z~|zv{l|~|ss{e{~{h{z~v{uu}` s{z{z~v}ewxwb~v}ewxt}vwewzw~uozsyox~|st|u~{ps{qoy` vrj~ Z}s{_z{z~ v{uu}sx|~ v{zx|v{e{z|~ |t{z~ oxrza} }zx}st}qw~pmyvmyvmj Y[qzw~sobxrxre}~t|zprb~n{y|qx|y~n{yn{yx|y{z{z nr~ \}yuxwxwux}ywz}~ sox|y}zp~ icps|yt|x{v{yx|yj~ ]r i|yh|ux|ls{y{x|t|v{e{~ s}us{yv|~ o~ sobxrxrus}z~ uob` t}x}y~oxry~g|~d}ss}~sobxrxru~s}t}t|z~v}ewx}n{x{yjX Z}s{f~}zx}swx}zw~s}t}tx}t}u~{ps|q|z~n{xi{h~n{y s}gwyx}~pck|~i{yv{B Y[t}~n{y|qx|y~v|~pmy|ux{~i|x{l{t~{h{zv|v{yx|y g|~sobxrt~q}bwpw~{h|y{p{zv|~u|zv{x|y{z{~v|e{ls{y{y` x|y~cqx|~v|e{x~t{EX YZ|p{zx{ux|-~]{y|qx|y~g|~sobxrxrux}y~n{yx{us| v|e{l{y~g|~i|x{l{yx|yj~Uox}qwpwqx}~sobxrtrz~ury}x` x}yw~v}~v|e{lt|u~vryrtrzv}~u}xwyj~]rzrzx}~{xi{x{ a}zxw~n{y~cyz|e{~p}z}~}zx}st}u~{ps{qoyrtjX Y2t}ywt~ i|k{b~ icyvmemz~ q|yx|yx|~ {xi{x{v{yj <mzum~}pwx~t|y}u~|ss{e{t~q|yx|y~oy}x}y~}pxwzv}jX S|p{y~d}\{\h|~imxmtp|v{j YOg|sf~i{ss{e{t~rk}u~n{y~q|yv|z~cyz|u~g|yt|u {ps{qoyrtj~Lmz|l~qwxvwk~p{ps|t{zv|~Umzq}~v{q|~n{y i|k|i|z~g}yj~V}z{~podn|s{z~n}lwzv}~v}~v|e{zt{l` s{tjX Y]{x{qoyrtj~ Umzq}~ i|k|i|z{z{~ x{p|v|u{~ t{xx{ aoey}\q}~v|yp{zv|z~d}swyxwqoyrtjX YT{xx{~aoey}\q}~twE~K~v}~z|~v|t|uEX Z}s{~imx|y|u~a|g}b~g|yv{B Y:}u}~ q}bwqoyrtj~ Kurvrert~ n{y~ yot}zv} vmzq}xwx}yx}~ {xi{x{~ n{y~ ncxmt~ g}yvwj~ <ou~ {xu|x vcz|tx|y{zv|f~q|z{~q|s{l|z~i|zh~n{y|qx|y{z{z~n{x` {zhx|y{z{~ qczx|zv{yt|u~ {h{z~ qcz|s{tv|u{~ pwzw\x}y n{x{tx|y{z~{p{tx|y{z{~n{x|~ncqx|~h}ybwswqoyx}ytwljX

76

S|p{y~v|~imxt|q|~n}lx}vwB YF|qp|f~t|gkrqr~u}qz}st}jX~v|q{b~q|z{v|z uozrq}~ i{yv{B~ YUmzq}_v}u{~ sobxrtx}y~ s}y{d{~ n}d` p|ss{e{t{k~ uozr~ {h{z~ hou~ imk|x~ n{y~ cyz|u~ oxrlsr` yrqoyjX Y]r~ uozrqr~ q}qwz}~ d}kwyx}t}u~ {h{z vmzq}xwx}ywz~s}y{d{z|~v|~i{yt|t{k~i|y|u|a|u~t{EX YV}qwyf~p}v|a|~uwp}~n{y~n{xi{~g|yt|t~q|s|yx{j :cqx|~ u{f~ oy}v}u{~ sobxrt~ n{h{tx|y{z{z~ i|x{l{t{ n{k{tu{~ {x|~ n|zk|y~ l|u{xv|~ oxtrl~ v{q|n{x{y{tj Umzq}~L|k|i|z{_zv|~q}l}q}z~a}zxwx}y~}y}pwzv}~|z {x|y{~ vmk|qv|~ |gy{tx|lt{l~ ox}zw~ {zp}z~ smymj ]|q{zx|y{z{~q|su{z~n{y~n{h{tv|~urxx}z}n{xt{lx|yjX ]{y}k~vry}ux}qwb~v|g}t~|ss{B Y[za}u~ nr~ uozrv}~ d}x}~ |gy{tx|lt|q| {ds{q}hx}yw~ oxvrerzr~ pcqx|t|x{q{tj~ ]r~ }pxwzv} u|zv{x|y{z{z~ v|~ q}btwl~ oxvrer~ n{y~ s|pb{sj ]|q{zx|y{z{z~ s}t}twzw~ urxx}z}t}vwux}ywzw pcqxmqoyx}yj~ Zozrtrk}~ vcz|yp|u9~ {zp}z~ smym~ |z {xu|x~ vcz|tx|y{zv|z~ {s{n}y|z~ v|e{l{u~ sobxrt n{h{tx|y{~ oys}q}~ hwu}ytwlj~ ]}lx}yv}~ nr~ n{h{tx|y v{e|y~a}zxwx}ywz~pmym~v|z{x|z~q}bwx}ywz}~n|zk{qoy` trlf~ k}t}z~ {x|yx|v{uh|~ v}d}~ uotbx|up~ sobxrt vmk|zx|y{~oxrltrljX Zozrlt}qw~u|p{b~Z}s{_q|~vczvm~g|~Y]|z~|g|y prqr~ {ht|u~ {ps{qoyrtf~ p|z~ v|~ {ps|y~ t{p{zEX~ v{q| poyvrj~Z}s{~Y]|z~n{y}k~srylr~q|p|t~{q{~oxryjX~v|v{j S|p{y~ t}p}v}u{~ b}z|xv|~ |g|y~ g|~ srylr~ q}k}z vmet|x|y|~n}pswj~W{|tb~i|k|i|z{zv|~q|s{l|z~|g|yf S|p{y_{z~|z~p|gv{e{~t|qg|qv{j Z}s{~uozrqr~pmyvmyvmB YTrds|t|x|z~ nr~ q|z{~ q}bwx}y~ v}~ |uozot{u l|u{xx|zt|x|yx|~oys}q}~hwutwlswy~v|e{x~t{EX YOg|sf~ sobxrtn{x{t{z{z~ cz|tx{~ n|x{y` x|t|x|y{zv|z~n{y{~nr~}pxwzv}j~]r~smy~vmk|zx|t|x` |yv|~}pwx~n|x{yx|q{a{~ox}z~|uozot{u~{x{lu{x|y~oxrq` oyj~ C}u}s~ Umzq}_v}u{~ sobxrtx}yv}~ }qyw~ n{y~ byon` x|t~ v}d}~ q}l}zwqoy~ u{f~ vmzq}xwx}ywz~ nr~ poyrzr nrimz~ v|~ s}t~ ox}y}u~ hcktml~ oxvrux}ywzw~ vmlmz` tmqoyrtj~ Tmxu{q|s{z~ s}t}t|z~ sobxrtp}xx}lswew n{y~|uozot{u~p{ps|tx|y{~g}yf~vox}qwpwqx}~popqoxo` J{u~ox}y}u~v}~poz~v|y|a|~{x|y{~n{y~zous}v}x}yj~]rz} y}et|z~ n{y|qx|y~ {h|y{p{zv|~ n{y~ \}yuxwxwu~ vryrtr q}lwqoyx}yjX Z}s{f~ ,}a}n}~ z|v{y~ o~ byonx|t_~ v|ya|p{z| S|p{y_{z~ ickx|y{z|~ n}uwqoyvrj~ S|p{y~ s|uy}y~ }zx}s` t}q}~uoqrxvrB YUmzq}_v}u{~ n{yhou~ a}zxw~ smym~ |l|qx{~ my|t|

Güz ‘11


qczs|t{~{x|~z|px{z{~v|g}t~|ss{y{qoyjX Y[zx}vwtjX~ v{q|~ }y}q}~ i{yv{~ Z}s{j~ YR}z{ Umzq}_v}~q}l}z}z~byonx|t~a{zp{q|s~}qywtwqx}~tw {xi{x{jX YOg|sj~ W|z~ W{|tb_s|~ voerb~ nmqmvmemz~ {h{z a{zp~ }qywtw~ p}z}~ srd}\~ i|x|n{x{yj~ [za}u~ ozx}y~ v} n{k{t~nr~qczmtmkm~pwy}~vwlw~nrxrqoyx}yjX Y]{xv{e{t~u}v}ywqx}~W{|tb_s|u{~|gy{t~pmy|a{ {h|y{p{zv|~a{zp{q|s~}qywtw~d{h~oxt}vwjX YUoeyrf~}t}~Umzq}_v}u{~voe}~uolrxx}yw~v}d} \}yuxw~oxvrer~{h{z~oy}v}u{~|gy{t~a}zxwx}yv}~\}yuxw my|t|~ qczs|tx|y{z{z~ i|x{lt|p{z|~ p|n|b~ oxtrlj Umzq}_v}~oys}q}~hwu}z~{xu~s|u~dmay|x{~a}zxwx}y~v} n{k{t~i|k|i|z{t{kv|u{~{xu~a}zxwx}y~i{n{~ncxmz|y|u hoe}xtwlx}yj~ [za}u~ |gy{tx|l{b~ i|x{ls{uh|f W{|tb_s|u{zv|z~\}yuxw~ox}y}uf~smyx|y~{h|y{p{zv|~{u{ }qyw~ a{zp~ oxrltrlj~ F|px{z~ v|g}tw~ {h{z~ {p|~ nr~ {u{ a{zp{z~n{y~}y}v}~oxt}pw~g|~my|t|~dmay|x|y{z{z~n{y` x|lt|p{~ qoxrqx}~ q|z{~ n{y|qx|y{z~ oys}q}~ hwut}pw i|y|u{qoyjX Y]r~i|yh|us|z~hou~\}yuxw~n{y~my|t|~s}ykwj~]{k W{|tbx{x|y~n|x{yx{~n{y~q}l}~i|xv{e{t{kv|~voeryi}z oxrqoyrk~g|~q|z{~n{y~a}zxwqw~d}q}s}~i|s{y{qoyrkjX Y[qz|z~ cqx|j~ S}n{{~ u{~ nr~ vryrtrz~ n{qoxoJ{u }hwxwtx}yw~g}yj~[pxwzv}~d|y~W{|tbx{~d}t{x|~ox}y}u voerqoy~ g|~ nr~ pmy|h~ |yi|zx{u~ vcz|t{~ s}t}t` x}zwza}q}~ u}v}y~ v|g}t~ |v{qoyj~ Z{l{~ n|x{yx{~ n{y \{k{up|x~i|x{l{t{~s}t}tx}qwza}~v}~d}t{x|x{u~pmy|` a{~v}d}~}us{\~g|~dwkxw~n{y~tov}~i|h{qoyjX ]r~ pwy}v}~ icy|gx{~ yonos~ t|qg|~ prqr~ g| srylrqr~ i|s{y{b~ t}p}q}~ nwy}uswj~ Z}s{~ dwkx}~ g| nmqmu~ n{y~ {ls}dx}~ srylrqr~ q|t|q|~ n}lx}vwj~ S|p{y v|g}t~|ss{B Y[t}~n|z{t~}pwx~}zx}st}u~{ps|v{e{t~lrB~]{k W{|tbx{x|y~ncqx|~n{y~}qywtw~d{h~q}l}t}vwu~hmzum n{qoxoJ{u~ox}y}u~q}z{~voe}x~ox}y}u~ncqx|~n{y~}qywt n{k{t~{h{z~pck~uozrpr~v|e{xv{j~[za}u~Umzq}_v}u{ a}zxw~smyx|y{z{z~z|y|v|qp|~s}t}tw~|yu|u~ ~v{l{~l|u` x{zv|~{u{q|~}qywxtwl~vryrtv}j~Oxn|ss|~u{~nr~}qywt {zp}zx}ywz~ popq}x~ q}l}twzv}~ v}~ q}zpwt}~ oxrlsry` trlf~d|t~v|~s}y{dx|y{z{z~d|y~}l}t}pwzv}jX Z}s{~ {h{z~ nrzx}y~ q|bq|z{~ n{xi{x|yv{~ g|~ uozr hou~{xi{p{z{~h|ut{ls{j~S|p{y~vryt}upwkwz~}zx}swqoy` vrB YSobxrtp}x~ p{ps|t{z~ v}d}~ i|y{~ oxvrer vcz|tx|yv|~nr~}qywxwu~a{vv{~pozrhx}y~voeryrqoyvr g|~d}ss}~n{y~a{zp{z~v{e|y{~mk|y{zv|~mpsmzxmem~vryr` tr~ oxrltrlsrj~ ]rimz~ smt~ i|k|i|z~ mk|y{zv|

Güz ‘11

uox|us{\~ n{y~ q}l}t~ s}ykw~ i|x{ls{yt{l~ vryrtv}x}yf vox}qwpwqx}~ n{y~ a{zp{z~ v{e|y{~ mk|y{zv|~ mpsmzxmem g|q}~n}puwpw~pck~uozrpr~v|e{xj~[t}~pozrh~ox}y}u d}x}~ncqx|~n{y~}qywxwu~g}y~s}n{{jX Y[qywxwu~v|yu|z~z|q{~u}ps|v{qoyprzEX YD{zp{q|s~ }qywxwewzwz~ u|zv{p{zv|z~ n}dp|v{qo` yrtj~ Sobxrtrz~ |uozot{u~ g|~ popq}x~ q}bwpw~ ox}` n{x|a|u~ |z~ qmup|u~ }l}t}q}~ i|xt{l~ oxp}~ v}~ nr }qywtf~ {zp}z~ smym~ \}yuxw~ n{y~ |gy{t~ i|h{yt|v{e{ pmy|a|~g}y~ox}a}uswyjX YN|u{~ncqx|~n{y~}qywtwz~g}y~oxt}pw~,d|b~poyrz ox}a}u_~}zx}twz}~i|x{y~t{EX Y]rzr~n{x|t{qoyrtj~W}zwywt~nr~}za}u~q}l}` z}y}u~ icymx|n{x|a|u~ n{y~ pozrhj~ [t}~ popq}x~ q}bw nmsmz~ voe}x~ \}yuxwxwux}yw~ sox|y|~ |v|n{x|a|u~ u}v}y i|x{lu{z~ ox}n{x{yp|~ oys}q}~ poyrz~ hwut}k~ v{q| vmlmzmqoyrtjX Z}s{~n{yv|z~y}d}spwkx}zvwewzw~d{pp|ss{j Y]{y}k~ }y}~ g|yp|u~ oxry~ trE~ T{v|t~ nrx}z` t}q}~n}lx}vw~v}jX

77


YENİ'den Küçük dünyalar... Küçük, kanaatkar... DNA'ların yanlış dizilimi gibi her birinde bir kırılma, bir sorun... Sadece mısır taneleri değil gerektiğinde oynanan Dünyanın çekirdeğine çok uzak insanlar Doğallığını, güzelliğini yitirmiş anormal organizmalar...

Bahar Derin

Etkileşimler... Karmakarışık elektrik devreleri gibi ilişkiler Akımların bazıları sade iletken bazılarında kısa devre... Yine de tarih yazmaya yetiyor, ışıl ışıl geceler Ve ne çoğu geçiyor üzerinden Ve ne çoğuna bir şeyler katıyorum kendimden “Bir insanın en büyük üretimi başka bir insandır” Benim de artık arkama bakabileceğim bir birikimim var. herkes evim var, arabam var diyor ben de ne çok insana akmışız diyebilirim ama hiçbir şey mutlu etmiyor gördüklerimden sonra çocuklar sokaktalar, tinerci olmuşlar her köşe başında insanlar dileniyor işsizlik, parasızlık, çıkışsızlık her yanda... evlilikler, ilişkiler de yürümüyor şeytanlar dolaşıyor ortalıkta, cinnet geçiriyor insanlık ben doğurmuşum gibi üzülüyorum bu topluma kaçında emeğim var, uykusuz gecelerim... nereye gitsem bir ağır sorumluluk duygusu içimde suya karışan her zehirde, onu içen her kuşta yüreğimin kanatları ağırlaşıyor uçamıyor uçamıyorum uçamıyoruz. “Doğ güneşim doğ bir daha doğ, yeniden doğ YENİ'den doğ... Haziran '11

78

Güz ‘11


Devrimci Kadın Tutsaklardan Mektup YV}b{p}z|x|yv|~ ck|xx{ux|~ C~ s{b{z|~ i|h{xv{us|z~ pozy} q}Q}z}z~poyrzx}y~noqrsx}z}y}u~pmyt|us|v{yj~]rzrz~poz d}xu}p^z^~ ]}u^yucq~ u}v^z~ d}b{pd}z|p{zv|~ q}Q}v^uj V|v{q|~[upoq~icyt|~|zi|xx{~g|~}qz^~k}t}zv}~t|t| u}zp|y{~ s|v}g{p{~ icy|z~ n{y~ }yu}v}Q^t^kv^yj~ T|t| u}zp|y{~s|v}g{p{~n{y~hou~|zi|xx|~k}y`koy~pmyvmymxmyu|zf |z~poz~{h~u}y^z~noQxrHrzv}f~n}H^yp}H}~q}b^Qt^Q~u}zp|y oxt}~ ox}p^x^H^~ qmup|u~ n{y~ u{sx|~ s|pb{s~ |v{xt{Qs{yj~ ]r s|pb{s~ Af.~ }q~ cza|~ q}b^xv^H^~ d}xv|f~ d}x|z~ s|v}g{p{z| n}Qx}zt^Q~v|H{xv{yj~1ps|x{u~}yu}v}Q^t^k~d}ps}z|q|~i{v{Q i|x{Qx|y{zv|f~n}p^z}~v}~q}zp^q}z~cz|tx{~poyrzx}y~q}Q}` t}us}v^yj~ T}du|t|q|~ icsmymxmyu|z~ srsruxrx}yx}f~ u|z` v{p{~{h{z~nmqmu~y{pu~s}Q^q}z~[&UW~g|q}~\}yux^~s{bx|yv|u{ nrx}Q^a^~ d}ps}x^u~ s}Q^q}zx}yx}~ icsmymxt|us|v{yj~ ]{yx{us| icsmymxvmHm~u{Q{x|y{z~d|bp{z{z~tr}q|z|~oxt}p^z^~n|u` x|t|u~koyrzv}~n^y}u^xt}us}v^yj~Smt~nrzx}y~V|v{q|_z{z v|q{t{qx|~ }ys^u~ {Qu|za|q|~ vczmQtmQ~ vryrtv}v^yj~ Oz poz~ MAj=4jA=MM~ s}y{d{zv|~ d}ps}z|q|~ icsmymxtmQsmyj @za|~ hou~ p}q^v}~ }vx{q|z{z~ czmzv|~ n|ux|s{xt{Qf~ pozy} d}ps}z|v|~v{H|y~d}ps}x}y^z~tr}q|z|p{z{~n|ux|t{Qs{yj~]r n|ux|t|~pmy|a{zv|~}yu}v}Q^t^k~v}d}~cza|~q}Q}v^H^~i{n{ }vx{x|y{z~um\my~g|~d}u}y|sx|y{z|~t}yrk~u}xv^j~!}zv}yt} g|~i}yv{q}zx}y}~czx|t~}xt}x}y^~{h{z~p|px|zv{us|z~pozy} J}zv}yt}~ }vx{~ u}v^zx}y^~ s|Qg{u~ |v|y~ s}ykv}f~ q}p}u oxt}p^z}~y}Ht|z~ozx}y}~p{i}y}~^pt}yx}t^Qs^yj~]r~ox}q` x}y^z~ s|p}vm\~ oxt}v^H^~ }h^us^yj~ [yu}v}Q^t^k~ nr~ poyrzr v}d}~cza|~v|~q}Q}t^Qs^yj~]{kx|y~V|v{q|_z{z~}tnrx}zpx}

Güz ‘11

icsmymxmb~ i|s{y{xt|p{z{~ g|q}~ n}Qu}~ srsruxrx}y^~ n|ux|` t|q|a|u~Q|u{xv|~s|u~n}Q^z}~y{zix|~icsmymxt|p{z{~{ps{q` oyrkj~MAj=4jA=MM_v|~}yu}v}Q^t^k^z~q}Q}v^ux}y^~mk|y{z| nr~s}x|n{t{k{~icymQt|u~{h{z~tmvmy~{x|~icymQt|u~{ps|` v{uj~K~imz~icymQt|~s}x|n{t{k~y|vv|v{xv{j~M.~[Hrpsop_s} smt~ imz~ icymQt|~ s}x|n{t{k{~ s|uy}yx}v^uf~ v{x|uh| q}kv^uj~ [t}~ s}x|n{t{k~ Y]{k~ ozx}y^~ {ps|v{H{t{k~ k}t}z h}H^y^y^kX~v|z{x|y|u~y|vv|v{xv{j~[qz^~imz~}yu}v}Q^t^k^z }t|x{q}s~ oxt}p^~ i|y|us{H{z{~ cHy|zv{uj~ ]r~ uoQrxx}yv} }t|x{q}s~oxt}p^z^~u}nrx~|st|t{k~tmtumz~v|H{xv{j~M+ [Hrpsop~ W}x^~ imzm~ icymQt|~ s}x|bx|y{t{k{~ q|z{x|v{uj R{z|~ y|v~ a|g}n^~ }x^za}~ |z~ t|Qyr~ d}uu^t^k~ ox}z~ u}b^ vcgt|~ |qx|t{z{~ i|yh|ux|Qs{yv{uj~ ]rzrz~ pozrarzv} tmvmy~ icymQt|q{~ u}nrx~ |ss{j~ 5~ [yu}v}Q^t^k^~ icz` v|yv{uj~ [yu}v}Qx}y^t^kf~ u}b^v}z~ q|z{~ h^ut^Qx}yv^~ u{f i}yv{q}zx}y^z~ sobxr~ p}xv^y^p^z}~ rHy}v^x}yj~ Z}b^~ d|zmk u}b}zt}v^H^zv}z~n{k~v|~}yu}v}Qx}y^t^k^~uoyrt}u~{h{z ozx}y^z~ q}z^z}~ i{st|u~ {ps|v{uj~ L}yv{q}zx}y~ nr~ p^y}v} n{k|~ v|~ p}xv^yv^x}yj~ 0~ }yu}v}Q^t^k~ \}yux^~ q|yx|y{zv|z q}y}x}zv^j ]}Qs}~ v}~ n|x{yss{H{t{k~ i{n{~ p}xv^y^x}y~ i{si{v|~ noqrsx}z` t}us}v^yj~ C}u}s~ ck|xx{ux|~ d}ps}~ srsp}ux}y^z~ vryrtr }a{x{q|s~s}Q^t}us}v^yj~S|v}g{x|y{~q}b^xt}t}us}f~{Qu|za` |q|~ h|gy{xt|us|v{yj~ Oz~ n}Qs}~ d}ps}~ srsp}ux}y^z~ n{k{t ckimxmtmkv|~ V|v{q|~ [upoq_rz~ g|~ smt~ v|gy{ta{~ srs` p}ux}y^z~ q}Q}v^H^~ poyrzx}y}~ vrq}yx^~ oxrzt}p^~ {h{z u}troqrz}~h}Hy^v}~nrxrzrqoyrkj

79


Hediye Aksoy'dan Mektup

“Yaz güçlüyüm, yaşama sevdalıyım, iyi olmak ve sağlığıma kavuşmak için elimden geleni yapıyorum.”

80

]|z~ t}dbrpxru~ {h{zv|~ t}dbrpxru h|u{qoyrtj~ Z}y}zx^u~ }q}ux}y^t}~ k{za{yf uoxx}y^t}~ u|x|bh|~ grytrQ~ i{n{~ n|z{ d}y|u|sp{k~n^y}ut^Qj~]|z~n{y~ov}q}~v|H{x n{y~y}zk}q}~d}b{p{tf~d|y~}v^tv}~n{y~q|y| h}ybt}t}u~ {h{z~ |xx|y{t{~ p{b|y~ q}b}y}u q}Q^qoyrtj~ v{q|z~ V|v{q|~ t|usrnrz} Qcqx|~v|g}t~|v{qoyB Yr~ }z~ p{k|~ nr~ p}s^yx}y^~ q}k}t}t}u hou~ mkmam~ }t}~ t}xrt~ vryrtr~ p{k~ v| n{x{qoyprzrkjM4~ q}Q^zv}~ ickx|y{t{~ u}q` n|ss{tf~ a|k}|g{zv|~ n{y{x|y{z{z~ q}yv^t^ oxt}v}z~ qmymq|t{qoyrt~ n{x|f~ nr~ t|u` srnr~ n{x|~ n{y~ vopsrtrz~ u}x|t|~ }xt}p^ p}q|p{zv|~p{kx|y|~rx}Qs^y}n{x{qoyrtj~Smt nrzx}y^z~ q}z^~ p^y}~ n{y~ v|~ t|t|~ u}zp|y{ d}ps}x^H^z}~ q}u}x}zv^tf~ icHpmtv|z b}yh}~ }xv^x}yf~ s|v}g{~ pmy|a{~ 5M~ imz~ ox}z u|tos|y}b{f~ a{d}kx}y^z~ nokru~ oxt}p^ p|n|n{qx|~ A~ }q}~ h^us^j~ I{zi~ }y}a^zv} }Hy^x}y^tx}~d}ps}z|q|~i{v{b~i|xt|u~n}z} z|~ u}v}y~ }a^~ g|yv{~ n{x|t|kp{z{kj~ {tv{ smtcyf~ u}y^z~ noQxrHrt}~ v}~ p^hy}t^Q~ g| vousoyx}y~ }t|x{q}s^z~ y{pux{~ ox}a}H^z^~ g| n|zv|z~ n{y~ p|h{t~ q}bt}t~ i|y|us{H{z{ pcqxmqoyx}yf~ nr~ p|h{t{~ q}bt}u~ z|~ u}v}y uox}q~ p{ka|E~ Smt~ nr~ q}Q}v^H^t~ koyxru` x}y}~y}Ht|z~d}x}~n|z{~a|k}~|g{zv|~srsrq` oyx}yf~n{y~}z~cza|~ckimyxmHmt|~u}grQt}u g|~s|v}g{~oxt}u~{ps{qoyrtj88 YV|v{q|_q{~ cz|tp|q|z~ v|H|y~ g|y|z {zp}zx}y~ g}yf~ n{x{qoyrtj~ Z}v^zx}y~ g}yj S|v}g{p{z{~q}bt}p^~{h{z~h}n}x}q}z~{zp}z` x}y~g}yj~]rzx}y~oxvruh}~v|H|yx{~g|~}zx}t` x^j~2trvr~cxvmyt|q|~h}x^Q}zx}y~u}yQ^p^z` v}~rtrvr~v{y{xs|zx|y~g}y$~V|v{q|_z{z~poz vryrtrzr~ g|~ q}Q}v^ux}y^z^~ ozx}yx}~ b}q` x}Qt}u~{ps|v{tjX YV|v{q|~ {x|st|t{~ {ps|v{j~ U^Q}y^v}zf {h|y{v|zf~ b|u~ hou~ vopsf~ }yu}v}Q~ vrq}yx^ {zp}z~q}k^qoyj~]r~ozr~hou~trsxr~|v{qoyj D|g}b~g|y|t|v{H{~{h{z~mkmxmqoyj~V|yu|p| s|Q|uumy~ |v{qoyj~ W|gi{~ g|~ p|x}tx}y^z^ {x|s{qoyj~ R}k}t}v^H^~ {h{z~ n}H^Qx}zt}p^z^ {ps{qoyX~v{q|y|uf~YR}k~imhxmqmtf~q}Q}t} p|gv}x^q^tf~ {q{~ oxt}u~ g|~ p}Hx^H^t} u}grQt}u~ {h{z~ |x{tv|z~ i|x|z{~ q}b^qo` yrtjX

Güz ‘11


<MIJGEMKKGHKMO$J?K?O:ACEMKO6NKO<M AEA Rýdvan Balku /1 Nolu F Tipi Cezaevi/ Kocaeli U{xf~umxsmy|x~ox}y}u~u}nrx~|v{xt{l~ps}zv}ys~}zx}t` x}y}~p}d{b~ox}z~p|p~u}xwbx}yw~}y}awxwewqx}~p|tnox{u~{x|s{l{` t{~p}ex}q}z~Ogy|zp|x~{zp}z~\oytrvryj U{x~ popqoxoJ{p{~ {p|f~ U{x~ {x|~ Sobxrt~ g|~ U{x~ {x| Sobxrtp}x~ U}gy}zwlx}y~ }y}pwzv}u{~ {x{lu{q{~ {za|x|yj~ V|y sobxrtp}x~q}bwv}f~aoey}\{u~uolrxx}yf~t|px|u{`k}z}}s~g| s{a}y{~ uolrxx}yf~ sobxrtp}x~ pwzw\f~ kmty|~ g|~ u}s|ioy{x|yf s}ywtf~d}qg}zawxwuf~s}ywtv}z~u}qz}uxw~s|uz{u~|uozot{f p}z}q{~ i{n{~ }x}zx}y9~ t{soxoJ{f~ v{zf~ {z}zh~ i{n{~ umxsmy|x ck|xx{ux|y{z~ q}zwzv}f~ \|xp|\|~ g|~ n{x{t{z~ v{x~ mk|y{zv|u{ |su{p{~ |z~ cz|tx{~ \}uscyx|y{z~ n}lwzv}~ i|x{yj~ ]r~ }x}zx}y v{xp|x~q}bwx}y}~oxrtxr~g|q}~oxrtprk~|su{v|~nrxrzt}u` s}vwyj ]rzx}ywz~{h{zv|~h|gy|p|x~uolrxx}y~g|~aoey}\q}~v{x{z l|u{xx|zt|p{zv|~g|~h}s}xx}lt}pwzv}~n|x{yx|q{a{~n{y~|su` |zv{yj~T|u}zp}x~rk}uxwuf~rx}lwt~poyrzr~g|~|zi|n|x{~v}e uolrxx}yw~ u|zv{z|~ ckim~ n{y~ v{xf~ x|dh|~ g|~ }ewk~ oys}q} hwu}yt}us}vwyj~ Pux{t{z~ pwa}u~ g|~ ury}u~ oxrlr~ g|q}~ s|y` p{z|~poeru~g|~nrkrx~ck|xx{ux|y~icps|yt|p{f~}qzw~l|u{xv| wxwt}z~oys}~url}u~{ux{t{~v{x~mk|y{zv|~}k~g|q}~hou~|su{v| nrxrz}z~ {ux{tp|x~ ck|xx{ux|yv{yj~ Wwa}u~ g|~ poeru~ {ux{t` x|y{z~ v{x{z~ i|x{lt|p{zv|~ |su{p{~ }k~ oxt}ux}~ n{yx{us|f~ wxw` t}z~ oys}~ url}u~ {ux{t{~ v{x|~ n|l{ux{u~ |st{l~ }x}zx}yf aoey}\q}x}y~ox}y}u~s}zwtx}z}n{x{yj U{x~}qzw~k}t}zv}~q}l}t~s}ykwzwf~i|x|z|u`icy|z|u` x|y{f~ }v|sx|y{~ nrimz|~ s}lwq}z~ {x|s{l{t~ }y}awvwyj Pzp}zoexrzrz~ n|px|zt|f~ n}ywzt}f~ i{q{zt|f~ |ex|za| }zx}qwlx}yw~q{z|~v{x{z~z{s|x{e{~g|~ck|xx{ux|y{qx|~{xi{x{v{yj U{xf~ {zp}zoexrzrz~ umxsmy|x~ t{y}pwzwz~ cz|tx{~ n{y ncxmtmzm~u}bp}yj~[qzw~k}t}zv}~umxsmym~v|~n|x{ys|z~n{y ck|xx{e{~ g}yvwyj~ U{xv|~ p|px|yf~ J|ps~ g|~ t{t{u~ d}y|u|s` x|y{z{z~ }zx}txw~ n{y~ d}y\|f~ d|a|q|f~ u|x{t|q|~ vczmlt|` p{qx|~ vrqirx}zwtx}y}f~ vmlmza|x|y|~ g|~ v}gy}zwl~ n{h{t` x|y{z|~ vczmlsmj~ Pzp}zoexr~ v|z|q{tx|y{z{~ }us}y}n{xt|u {h{z~umxsmy|x~p|tnoxx|y{~i|x{ls{yv{j~Uoe}v}~nrxrz}z~d|y a}zxw~ g|~ z|pz|q{~ nr~ p|tnoxx|yx|~ v{x|~ i|s{yv{~ q}~ v} }vx}zvwyvwj~ ]r~ p|tnoxx|yx|f~ J|psx|yx|~ sobxrtp}x~ n{y~ v{x q}y}swxvwj~ Zmxsmy~ h|gy|p{zv|~ d|y~ n{y|q~ v{x{z{~ rkrz~ n{y sobxrtp}xx}lt}~ pmy|a{zv|~ i|x{ls{yv{j~ ]r~ sobxrtp}xx}l` t}~ pmy|a{zv|~ sobxrtrz~ v{e|y~ mq|x|y{qx|~ pwuw~ n{y {x|s{l{t`|su{x|l{t~ pozrzv}~ cey|z{y`cey|s{yj~ U{xf {zp}zoexrzrz~ u|zv{z{~ }xiwx}t}pwf~ vmlmzt|p{f~ u|zv{z{ g|~q}l}vwew~sobxrtr~s}zwt}pwf~{x{lu{v|~nrxrzt}pw~{h{z i|y|ux{v{yj~Sobxrtrz~g}yxwew~{h{z~koyrzxrvryj Sobxrtx}y~s}y{d{zv|~v{x{z~i|x{l{t~p|qy{z|~{x{lu{z~|z h}ybwaw~g|~i|x{ls{y{a{~k}t}z~g|~t|u}zf~z|ox{s{u~vcz|t{z s}ywt~g|~d}qg}zawxwewzwz~oxvrer~g|y{tx{~d{x}xv|~|z~{q{ l|u{xv|~{kx|z|n{x{yj~S}ywt~g|~s}ywtv}z~u}qz}uxw~|uozo` t{`s|uz{uf~{xu|x~p}z}q{~i{n{~}x}zx}y~v{x{z~imhxm~n{y~\oyt u}k}zt}pwz}f~ l|u{xx|zt|p{z|~ z|v|z~ s|lu{x~ |st{lx|yv{yj

Güz ‘11

@yz|e{z~V{zs`[gyrb}~v{x~q}bwpwzwz~g|~imamzmz~nr~s}y` {dp|x~ s|t|xv|z~ i|xv{e{~ icymxt|us|v{yj~ [yq|z`[yq|z{u s}n{y~popqoxoJ{u~n{y~u}gy}t~g|~}vx}zvwyt}vwyj~Z|zv{z{ {\}v|~ |st|~ n{h{t{v{yj~ S}ywtx}~ }x}u}xw~ n{y~ u}gy}tvwyj F|ox{s{u~ vcz|t{z~ s}ywtp}x~ v|gy{t{zv|~ v{xv|~ n{y v|gy{ta{~pmy|h~q}l}ztwlswyj~S}ywt~g|~nrz}~n}exw~d}q` g}zp}x~ my|s{t~ |su{zx{e{f~ nmqmu~ n{y~ s}ywt~ sobxrtrzrf h{\sh{p{z{~q}y}stwlf~nr~s}ywt~sobxrtr~v}~s}dwxp}x`iwv}p}x ursp}xxwux}yw~v{xv|~n{y~}y}q}~i|s{yt{lx|yv{yj~U{x~iyrbx}ywf nr~ ursp}xxwux}ywz~ q}y}swtwzwz~ n{y~ pozrarvryj~ [t} q}y}swx}z~ursp}x~voe}q}~ckim~g|~voe}~{x|~n{yx{us|~ox}z t}prt~n{y~v{x~oxt}us}vwyj~Soby}us}z~u}qz}uxw~s}ywtp}x v|gy{t~ g|~ nrz}~ v}q}xw~ s|uz{u~ |uozot{~ v{x~ v|gy{t{z| qox~}htwlswyj~ U{x~ v|gy{t{~ n}p{s~ n{y~ sobxrtp}x~ {x{lu{x|zt|z{z cs|p{zv|~s}ywtp}x~v|gy{tx|~n}ex}zswxwvwyj~]|xu{~b}x|ox{` s{u~vcz|t{z~ux}z~sobxrtrzv}~n}p{s~p|px|yf~J|ps~g|~t{t{u d}y|u|sx|y{qx|~ v{x|~ i|s{y{x|t{qoyvrj~ ]cqx|~ }zx}l}n{x{q` oyx}yvwf~ }t}~ ux}z~ sobxrtrzv}~ ~ v{x~ p{ps|tx{~ n{y~ q}bwq} u}grltrl~ v|e{xv{j~ U{x{z~ i|x{lu{z~ oxt}t}pw~ d}\wk}~ g| vmlmza|q{~v|~}qzw~l|u{xv|~|su{x|t|us|qv{j~Oz~}kwzv}z lr~ }z}~ u}v}y~ hwu}z~ }zsyoboxoJ{u`}yu|oxoJ{u~ nrxirx}y ux}z~ sobxrtrzv}~ p{ps|tx{~ n{y~ v{x~ q}bwpwzwz~ oxvrerz} v}{y~n{y~s|pb{ss|~nrxrzt}t}us}vwyj F|ox{s{u~h}ef~s}ywt~v|gy{t{~p}q|p{zv|~v{x~v|gy{t{` z{~ i|yh|ux|ls{yt{lf~ i|x{lu{z~ n{y~ sobxrp}xx}lt}~ vcz|` t{v{yj Sobxrtp}xx}lt}f~ sobxrtp}x~ v|gy{t|~ v|~ u}bw }y}x}twlswyj~]{su{p|x~s}dwxx}yf~>nrev}qf~}yb}~gnj?~ursp}x` x}lswywxvwew~u}v}y~oz}~n}exw~s|uz{u~>p}n}zf~h}b}f~u}kt}f |x~v|e{yt|z{?~o~v|y|a|v|~v{x{z~ursp}xx}lswy}a}ew~z|pz|` x|y~ox}a}uswj~S}n{{~nrzx}yw~u|l\|v|z~u}vwzwz~s}zywh}x}l` t}pwf~ursp}xx}lswywxt}zwz~v{e|y~cz|tx{~n{y~q}zwvwyj~Smt v{xx|y{z~ v{l{x~ oxt}~ ck|xx{ux|y{~ nr~ imhxm~ u}vwz~ v{x umxsmymzmz~ n{y~ pozrarvryj~ Soby}u~ ursp}xp}f~ s}dwx~ v} s|uz{e{~ {a}s~ |v|z~ v|~ s|uz{u~ v|~ ursp}x~ ox}a}uswj~ U{x~ nr t}prt~ursp}xxwux}ywz~mymzmvmyj S|t|x{zv|~ s}ywtp}x~ mymzx|y~ q|y~ }xwyu|z~ nrzr n|px|q|z~ prf~ q}etryf~ z|d{yx|y~ o~ v|y|a|~ ursp}xxwu~ t|y` s|n|p{z|~ qmup|xs{x|a|us{yj~ [qzw~ k}t}zv}~ soby}ew~ pmy|z d}qg}zx}y~>cumkf~}sf~|l|u?~}qzw~l|u{xv|~nr~ursp}xxwux}y }y}pwz}~ u}swx}a}uswj~ ]r~ v{x~ vmzq}pwzv}~ q|y{z{~ }x}a}uswj U{e|y~n{yhou~ursp}xxwu~k}t}zx}~nrzx}y}~|ux|z|a|us{j S}ywtp}x~noxxrus}z~u}qz}uxw~v{x~q}bwpwzwz~k|zi{z` x|lt|p{f~ }zs{u~ h}ewz~ k}z}}s`s{a}y|s~ i{n{~ t|px|u{~ u|zs` x|y{zv|~ v}d}~ v}~ i|x{ls{y{x|a|u~ g|~ q}kwq}~ vcumx|a|us{j Zcq~g|~s}ywt~u}qz}uxw~}vx}zvwyt}x}y~cz|t{z{~g|~ck|x` x{e{z{~uoyryu|z~s{a}y|s~g|~k}z}}s~|y{x~u}qz}uxw~u|x{t|` x|y`u}gy}tx}y~ v{x{~ v}d}~ v}~ k|zi{zx|ls{y|a|u~ |v|n{` q}l}tp}x~n{y~v{x~d}x{z|~i|s{y|a|us{j~Pxu~v|\}~u{x~s}nx|sx|y`

81


{z|f~ vmlmza|v|~ i|h|zx|y~ q}kwq}~ }us}ywx}a}uswj~ F|ox{s{u v{x~v|gy{t{z{z~n}p{s~g|~p}v|~v{x~q}bwpwzv}z~}zs{u~h}ewz v}d}~u}yt}lwu~v{x~q}bwpwz}~voeyr~n{y~|gy{xt|~icps|y|` a|us{j~]}p{s~u|x{t|x|yf~amtx|x|y~v}d}~u}yt}lwu~q}y}swxwl t{soprz}f~ v|ps}zx}y}~ g|~ cqumx|y|~ q|y{z{~ nwy}u}a}uswj [zs{u~h}ewz~v{x{z|~b}y}f~b}k}yf~k}z}}sf~s{a}y|s~v}d}~\}kx} zm\rk~|v|a|us{yj~S}ywtp}x~|uozot{~ck|xx{e{z{~uoyryu|zf Wmt|y~ u|zsx|y{zv|~ p{tp}yxwuf~ \}{kf~ s|\|a{x{u~ v{x{z~ x{s|y` }smymz|~Wmt|yx|y~p}q|p{zv|~i{y|a|us{yj~U{xv|~}yswu~d|y l|q~ }xwzwb~ p}swx}zf~ b}k}yx}z}zf~ ck|x~ tmxu{q|s~ v{x{z| vczml|a|us{yj~ U{x~ b}k}yawzwz`b}k}yx}t}zwz~ v{x{~ d}x{z| i|x|a|us{yj S}ywtp}x~ v|gy{t{z~ t}prt~ g|~ s|t{k~ voe}x~ v{x q}bwpwf~ u|zs~ v|gy{t{z{z~ s{a}y|s~ v{x{z|~ vczmlsmymxt|p{f p{tp}yxwuf~s|\|a{x{uf~\}{kf~b}k}y`y}zs~i{n{~}x}zx}y}~u}qwz` a}~v{x~v}d}~v}~u{yx|s{xt{lf~u{yx{~y}zs~{x{lu{x|y{z{z~{x|s{l{t }y}aw~d}x{z|~i|s{y{xt{ls{j~Uoe}x~v{x{z~q|y{~u{yx{~vmzq}zwz h}yuwzv}~ vczmb~ vry}z~ n{y~ }zx}lt}~ }y}awz} vczmlsmymxtmlsmj~ Uoe}x~ v{xf~ v{l{x~ v{x9~ |yu|u~ v{x{z{z q}x}z~ vmzq}pwzv}~ vczmb~ vox}l}z~ p|px|y~ nmsmzm~ d}x{z| i|x|a|us{j Sobxrtp}x~ s}n}u}x}lt}x}y~ v}~ v{x{z~ q}bwpwzw~ |s` u{x|q|z`v|e{ls{y|z~ oxirx}ywz~ n}lwzv}~ i|x{yj~ 1ps~ pwzw\ sobxrtp}x~ q}bwpwqx}~ }xs~ pwzw\`kmty|z{z~ v{x{~ d|y~ k}t}z \}yuxwxwu~}yk~|st{ls{yj~1ps~pwzw\wz~v{x{~s}zywp}x~v{x~oxryu|z v{e|y~}xs~pwzw\~g|~kmty|x|y{z~v{x{~{p|~x}z|sx{x|y~a|d|zz|` t{z|~ s|yu~ |v{xt{ls{yj~ ]{y{~ s}zywzwz~ n{kk}s~ }ekwzv}z uozrlsrer~ ursp}xxwewz~ v{x{f~ R|dog}_zwzf~ I}n{n{_z{zf [xx}d_wz~ v{x{~ oxryu|z~ v{e|yx|y{~ a{zx|y{zf~ a}vwx}ywzf~ l|q` s}zwz~ v{x{~ oxrb~ hwuwg|yv{j~ [v|toexrzrz~ doy~ icymx|zf vwlx}z}z~ v{x{~ }xs~ pwzw\`kmty|~ v{xx|y{~ oxvrj~ F|~ v|~ oxp} t{soxoJ{v|f~v{zv|~s}zywx}y~}v|toexrzr~q}y}swyu|z~u|z` v{p{z|~ d{kt|s~ |sp{z~ v{q|~ q}y}stwlswj~ ]{y~ v|~ h}tryv}z q}y}swxtwlx}yvwj~<}try~{x|~d{kt|sh{f~ursp}xxwu~{x|~|\|zv{ |l~ srsrx}t}kvwj~ [v|toexrzrz~ czmz|~ s}zywp}x~ s}nrx}yf ursp}xxwux}y~n{y~ury}x~ox}y}u~uozrxtrlsryj [y}t{z{zf~Pny}z{z{z~g|~[y}nwz~v{x{~z|~v|~oxp}~s}z` ywzwz~}ekwzv}z~hwuwg|yt{ls{j~Zmyvmz~v{x{~a{z{z~v{x{zv|z9 Smyumz~v{x{~|ama`t|amas|z~smy|t{l~}xiwpw~q}y}swxtwlswj [y}bh}~ s}zyw~ v{x{~ oxryu|z~ C}ypwz~ v{x{~ l|qs}z{`kwzvwuwz v{x{~ oxrg|yt{ls{j~ S}zywzwz~ }ekwzv}z~ Zmysh|f~ Smyuh|f C}yph}~ u|x{t|x|yf~ pckamux|y~ vcumxt|t{ls{j~ S}zyw Zmysh|_q{~ rzrstrl~ g|q}~ n{xt{qoyf~ n{x{qoyp}~ v}~ dot}f %rt|v}~v|t|q|~ml|z{qoyvrj~S}zywzwz~v{x{~v|g|q|~vou` p}z~ vourk~ pw\}s`}zx}t~ qmux|yu|z9~ voe}q}f~ prq} k|tk|t~ ursp}xxwew~ q}\s}pwzw~ q}bwlswywyu|zf~ ~ ursp}x S}zywh}~ v{x{z|~ n{y~ pw\}s~ v}d{~ q}uwlswyt}qw~ rqirz icyt|t{ls{yj~S}zywx}y~qouprxx}ywf~\}u{yx|y{~rzrssrer~i{n{ v{xx|y{z{~ v|~ d{h~ uozrlt}k~ oxtrlf~ rzrstrlsrj~ Zrsp}x u{s}nw~ ox}zwz~ v{x{~ v|~ s}zywp}x~ n{y~ ursp}xxwu~ u}k}ztwlswj Zry}zf~ S|gy}s~ g|~ Pza{x~ s}zywzwz~ q}kwxw~ pckx|y{z{`v{x{z{ }us}y}z~ursp}x~u{s}bx}y~oxtrlsryj [qzw~s}zywp}x~ursp}xxwu~d}ps}xwew~Ly|ux|y|~7|rp_rz s}zywpwz}~ nrx}ltwlswj~ S}zyw~ v}~ ursp}xxwu~ v}~ \|xp|\|~ v| oxp}~ oxp}~ Ly|uh|~ oxt}xwqvwj~ ;{vq}xwf~ Cy{iq}xwf~ ;{sg{x{f V{s{sx{f~Vryy{x{~n{y~v{xv|~z|~ursp}xxwu~z|~v|~\|xp|\|~oxry`

82

vrf~ q}bwxwyvwj~ 7|rp~ nrzx}y}~ x}z|sx{x{e{z~ n}yn}yx}yw v|t{ls{j~ ]}yn}yxwewz~ v{x{zv|~ ursp}xxwu~ }y}t}u~ }uwzswq} u}ylw~ nolr~ nolrz}~ umy|u~ p}xx}t}q}~ n|zk|yj~ S}zywx}ywz v{x{~ Ly|uh|f~ Ly|uh|z{z~ s|t|x{~ v|~ 7|rp~ ursp}xxwewzv}z i|x{qoyvrj~ [y}t{a|f~ [y}bh}f~ Pny}z{a|~ i{n{~ z|~ v|~ oxp} Ly|uh|f~s}zywx}y~s}y}\wzv}z~ursp}ztwlswf~s}zywx}ywz`~s}z` ywx}y~b}zs|ozrzrz~uozrlsrer~y|pt{~v{x{qv{j~]}yn}yx}ywz v{x{zv|~ s}zywx}ywz~ uozrlt}pw~ vmlmzmx|t|kv{j S}zywp}xxwewz~ v{x{~ h}xt}vwu~ u}bwqwf~ i{yt|v{u~ t|u}zwf nwy}ut}vwf~ q|yqmkm~ g|~ icuqmkmzm~ s}zywp}x~ {p{tx|yx| }vx}zvwyvwj~ [yswu~ }ewkv}z~ vcumx|z~ q}kwx}z`h{k{x|z~ s}z` ywzwz~ v{y|u~ }ekwzv}z~ |v|n{q}sf~ v|ps}zf~ sy}i|vq}~ oxr` g|y{qoyvrj~ [n}ysw~ g|~ uoyur~ s}zywzwz~ |v|n{~ v{x{qv{j Z}vwz}~l|qs}zf~a{zf~a}vw9~sobxrtx}y}~g}dl{f~n}yn}yf~i|y{ v{q|z~q{z|~nr~|yu|u~s}zywqvwj~Oyu|u~s}zyw~u|zv{p{zv|z n}lu}~ u{tp|q{~ z|~ icymqoy~ z|~ v|~ v{uu}s|~ }xwqoyvrj Y]|zX~d}ps}xwewz}~srsrxtrlsrj~Z|zv{~Yn|zX~{zv|z~n}lu} Yn|zX{~icytmqoyvrj~ [qzw~ n|z~ >|io?~ d}ps}xwew~ rxrpf~ v|gx|s~ v|z|z~ {xx|s| nrx}lswytwlswj~[gyrb}~rqi}yxwewzwz~p{q}p}x~p{ps|t{z|~v| p{y}q|s~ |st{ls{j~ S|u~ d|a|f~ s|u~ u|x{t|f~ s|u~ v{x~ d}ps}xwew rxrp`v|gx|s~ s}zywpwzwz~ q|z{~ ursp}xxwux}ywqvwj~ V|y~ l|q{z [Z~g|~Z[I[_v}z~oxrlsrer~}xiwpwf~rxrp`v|gx|s{z~s|t|x }xiwpwqvwj~ Uoe}zwz~ i|yh|e{zv|~ n{x|~ ]OR[7_^z~ q|v{ v|e{l{u~y|zi{z~n{y~}y}q}~i|xt|p{qx|~oxrlsrer~i|yh|e{z{z \}yuwzv}~v|e{xv{j~S}zywp}x~v{x{z~ursp}xxwew~nr~p|\|y~h}e` v}l~ vmzq}zwz~ pckv|~ rxrp`v|gx|s{zv|~ uwxwawzw~ p}xx}qwb vryrqoyvrf~ czmz|~ i|x|z{~ n{h{qoyvrj~ 2xrp`v|gx|s{z t|zos{s{u~ k{dz{q|s{f~ h{h|u~ n}dh|p{~ vmzq}~ v{xx|y{z{ nrv}t}ux}f~uob}yt}ux}~t|lirxvmyj 2xrp`v|gx|sx|~ qou~ |v{x|z~ p}v|a|~ n{y~ v{x~ v|e{x9 {zp}zxwewz~ g{av}zwf~ sobxrtp}xxwewz~ d}\wk}pwqvwj Sobxrtp}x~d}\wk}~rxrp`v|gx|s~swyb}zwz}~s}uwxwb~vryrqoy` vrj~ ]r~ swyb}z}~ s}uwxt}q}z~ v{x~ u}xt}twlswj~ Swyb}zv}z i|h{y{x|z~p}v|a|~u|x{t|x|yf~pckamux|y~v|e{x9~}v|toexr` zrz~trsxrxrerf~p|g{za{f~aolurprf~rtrvrf~d|q|a}zw~g| |z~cz|tx{p{~v|~}zwx}ywqvwj~[zwx}y}~\msryprka}~p}xvwywzwz }xswzv}~ Y]|z{t~ v{x{t~ s}zywzwz~ v{x{v{yjX~ YS|u~ n|z{t v{x{t~ ursp}xvwyjX~ v|z|z~ s}zywp}x~ u{tx{e{z~ g|~ n{x{za{z q}l}tv}~q|y~nrxt}pw~g}yvwj [zwx}ywz~ v{x{zv|~ z|v|z~ ncqx|~ uoyurx}yf~ d|b p}xvwywx}y}~ t}yrk~ u}xwy~ g|q}~ nwy}uwxwyf~ s}zywp}x~ v{x~ b|u i|yh|ux{e{~ v{xx|zv{yt|p|~ v}d{j~ S|ux{u~ }zx}qwlwf~ n|z d}ps}xwew~g|~q}ux}lwtwf~z|v|z{qx|~u|zv{~v{x{zv|z~n}lu} n{y~ v{x|~ z|~ uozrlt}q}~ z|~ v|~ vmlmzt|q|~ s}d}ttmxm oxt}q}z~ n{y~ q}ux}lwtx}~ u}ylw~ u}ylwq}~ u}xwzvwj~ ]wy}u vmlmzt|q{f~ ymq}~ icyt|q{f~ vrqirx}zt}q}~ n{x|~ u}ylw hwu}z~ s}zywp}x~ v{x~ i|yh|ux{e{~ cz|~ hwut}us}qvwj~ !|psf t{t{u~d}y|u|sx|y{f~wpxwu~h}xt}f~twywxv}zt}~n{x|~s}zywp}x rxrp`v|gx|s{z~ dolrz}~ i{st|kf~ v}q}zwxt}k~ nrxvrer a}d{x{q|~vcz|tx|y{z{~h}eywlswywyvwj Z|zv{~ v{x{zv|~ tmk{u~ q}bt}uf~ l}yuw~ pcqx|t|uf n|ps|~ q}bt}uf~ l{{yf~ yot}zf~ t}u}x|~ q}kt}uf~ i}k|s|` v|yi{~ ourt}uf~ \{xt~ {kx|t|u~ q}p}uswj~ Oz~ cz|tx{p{~ g| s|dx{u|x{p{~ v|~ u|zv{~ v{x{zv|~ p{q}p|s~ q}bt}uswj~ ]rf~ |z nmqmu~prhx}y~}y}pwz}~pourxtrlsrj~U{z{~v{xv|~{n}v|s~q}b`

Güz ‘11


t}t}uf~s}zywp}x~v{x|~d}u}y|ss{f~cqx|~}xiwx}zwqoyvrj~U{xx|~p{q}p|s~q}bt}u~imz}dx}ywz~|z~nmqmem~{v{~g|~v|~p}uwza}xwq` vwj 2xrp`v|gx|s{z~s}zywp}x~v{x~s}nrpr~smt~umxsmyx|y{f~v{xx|y{~g|~h|l{sx{x{ux|y{~d|y~imz~gryrqoy~g|~gryt}q}~v|g}t |v{qoyj~]r~sos|t`s}nr~u|zv{zv|z~n}lu}~z|~u{tp|q{~icymqoy~z|~v|~icyt|u~{ps{qoyj~]r~s}nr~d|t~u|zv{z{~q}uwqoyf d|t~v|~q}ux}l}zw9~s}zywp}xxwewz~sos|t{~n{x|~oz~t{xqozx}y}~g}y}z~}v|toerxx}ywzwz~qou~oxrlrz}~l}d{s~oxt}twlswj ]r~sos|t~g|~s}nr~|z~n}ez}k~sos|t~g|~s}nrvryj~Pti|x|y{`p{ti|x|y{~s}zywp}x~}zx}tx}zvwyt}zwz~cs|p{zv|f~}zx}t` pwkxwewz~a|d}x|s~v|z{k{zv|~v|n|x|z{b~vryt}us}vwyj~]r~sos|t{z~d}x|s{~yrd{q|p{~b}y}zoq}zwz~cs|p{zv|~l{ko\y|z{u~d}x| rx}l}z~ n{y~ vryrtx}~ }za}u~ }hwux}z}n{x{z{yj~ U{x|~ g|~ sobxrtx}y}~ nr~ u}v}y~ p}xvwy}zf~ p}xvwyi}zx}l}z~ srsrt~ g| v}gy}zwlx}ywz~bp{uoxoJ{v|~u}ylwxwew~l{ko\y|zv{yj~R}z{~d}ps}xwu~d}ps}pwj~2xrp`v|gx|s~v|z|z~}xiwf~d|yu|p{z`d|y~sobxrtrz u|zv{p{~i{n{~d}ps}xwu~d}ps}pw~oxvrerzr~k}zz|st|p{v{yj~V|b~u|zv{z|~img|zp{kf~urlurxrf~pmy|ux{~vmlt}z~q}y}s}zf gryvrxr`uwyvwxw~d}t}p|sx{~n{y~l{ko\y|z{u~yrd}`q}ux}lwt}~p}d{bs{yj Umzq}zwz~ n}lwz}~ trp}xx}s~ oxtrl~ nr~ l{ko\y|z{u~ d}ps}xwuxw~ {xx|sx|y{z~ i|y{v|~ nwy}uswew~ |zu}kw~ vmlmzt|u~ n{x| {zp}zv}~nmqmu~n{y~}aw~g|~drkryprkxru~q}y}swqoyj~;|g{}sd}zwz~l{ko\y|z{u~d}x{~d|y~q|yv|f~k}t}zv}~d|yu|p{~gryrqoy g|~gryt}q}~v|g}t~|v{qoyj~]r~d}ps}zwz~n{y~}z~cza|~ux{z{e|~q}swywxt}~koyrzxrxrer~oys}v}vwyj~[up{~d}xv|~v}d}~\}kx} }aw~g|~ickq}lw~{zp}zxwewz~n}lwz}~trp}xx}s~ox}a}uswyj~]{kv|z~pcqx|t|p{jjj Rýdvan Balku 1 Nolu F tipi Cezaevi Kocaeli T|yd}n}~v|e|yx{~@zpck~v|yi{p{~h}xwl}zx}ywj~@za|x{ux|~p|x}t~g|~p|gi{x|y{t{k{~{x|s{qoyrkj U|yi{~ h}xwlt}zwkv}~ n}lx}stwl~ oxvrerzrk~ Pu{~ U{xx{~ h}xwlt}zwk`h}n}zwkv}z~ vox}qw~ p{k{~ ursxr` qoyrkj~V|y~umhmu~}vwtwz~n{kx|y~{h{z~nmqmu~n{y~}zx}tw~g}yvwyj~[zx}twf~u|zv{t{k|~}{s~umxsmymz~n{y b}yh}pw~ox}z~v{x{t{k{~h|l{sx{~q}qwzx}yv}~icyt|t{kv{yj~]|xu{~{xu~}vwt~}k~ox}n{x{yf~}t}~k}t}zx}~nrz} u}ylw~ox}z~v{x~s}nrprzrz~}lwx}a}ewz}~{z}zwqoyrkj~S}nr~}lwxvwewzv}f~v{x~czmzv|~q}p}ux}y`cz~q}yiwx}y v}~u}xutwl~oxry~p}zwywtj~R}l}vwewtwk~pmy|hs|~nr~s}nrx}y}f~cz~q}yiwx}y}~g|~q}p}ux}y}~u}ylw~vryt} poyrtxrxrer~ d|yu|p|~ vmlmqoyj~ ]{x{zhp{kx{e{z~ vmzq}pwzv}~ }zx}t~ u}qt}pwzwz~ d}u{t~ oxvrer~ n{y bp{uoxoJ{u~yrd~d}x{z|~}k~hou~p{k~v|~l}d{s~oxrqoyprzrkvryj~V}x|s{q|~yrd{q|s{z~a{zz|s~d}x{~v{q|n{x|` a|e{t~q}ux}lwtx}ywz~q}l}zt}pwf~u}yv|lx{u~|v|n{q}swzwz~p{q}p}x~k|t{zv|~z|~u}v}y~voeyr~oxt}vwewzw ickx|y~ czmz|~ p|yt|us|v{yj~ Uoeyr~ oxt}q}zf~ v{x|~ hou~ vox}z}zf~ v{xx|zv{y{x|z~ }t}~ |z~ {zp}z{~ s}x|b u}ylwpwzv}~a{zz|s~d}xx|y{z{z~q}l}zt}pwf~n{x{zh}xswzv}u{~u{yx{~k{dz{q|s{~v|~vwl}~gryt}us}vwyj~]r~u{yx{ k{dz{q|s~d|yu|p|~g|~d|y~u|p{t|~k}y}y~g|yt|us|v{yj~Zmxsmy|x~n{y~}qywlt}zwz~oxvrer~n{y~aoey}\q}v} yrdp}x~n{y~}qywlt}zwz~}xs~q}bwpwf~nr~u{yx{~k{dz{q|sx|y~s}y}\wzv}z~cymxt|us|v{yj~Z{yx{~k{dz{q|s{z~|z~hou d}xux}ywtwk}~k}y}y~g|yv{e{~oys}v}vwyj~]rzrz~{h{z~d|b~{u{x{~u}yv|l{x{us|z~n}dp|v{qoyp}uf~{u{~v{xv|zf~{u{ popq}x{s|v|zf~{u{~umxsmyv|zf~{u{~}qyw~q}l}tv}z~n}dp|st|t{k~i|y|u{yj~]rf~n{k{t~\}yuxwxwewtwkj~]{k{ umxsmymtmkx|f~popq}x{s|t{kx|f~q}l}twtwkx}~u}nrx~|st|u~u}yv|lx{u~drururzrz~n{y~i|y|e{v{yj~]}lu} smyxmpm~ d}xux}ywtwk}f~ oz~ qwxx}yw~ }x}a}u~ ox}z~ ucyvmemtmz`a|zv|y|z{z~ {h{zv|~ |z|yJ{p{z{~ smu|s|z~ n{y sobxrtp}x~i|yh|ux{ux|~u}ylw~u}ylwq}~u}xwywkj~]r~v}~uoa}~n{y~k}t}zwzf~uoa}~n{y~q}l}twz`q}l}z}zx}ywz u}qnoxt}pw~v|t|us{yj~D}z~v|v{e{t{k~{zp}zoexrf~n}lu}~a}zx}y}~s}d}ttmx~|st|uf~s}d}ttmx~icps|y` t|u~koyrzv}vwyj~Oe|y~n{y~q|yv|~s}d}ttmxpmkxmu~g}yp}f~oy}v}~u}yv|lx{u~drurur~qousry~v|t|us{yj Z}yv|lx{us|z~v|~n}dp|st|u~p}\p}s}v}z~cs|~n{y~}zx}t~{\}v|~|st|kj~]{k{t~s|t|x~}zx}qwlwtwk~g|~q}u` x}lwtwtwkf~ u}yv|lx{u~ drururz}~ icy|v{yj~ Woyrzx}ywtwk~ vops}z{~ {x{lu{x|yx|f~ {zp}z{~ q}ux}lwtx}yx}~ g| }dx}u{~poyrtxrxrux}yx}~}za}u~d}xx|v{x|n{x{yj~]{k{t~u}yv|lx{u~drururtrk~q}kwxw~n{y~t|s{z~v|e{x~u{ t|sz{~hwu}ywb~icps|y|x{tj~T}z|g{~n{yx{uf~t}z|g{~n{y~pckf~i|ht{l~k}t}zx}yv}~vopsxru~g|~u}yv|lx{u {h{z~q|s|yx{v{yj F|~q}b}xwt~v|g{y~v|e{ls{f~k}t}z~v|e{ls{j~Uoe}xxwewzv}~{zp}zoexrzrz~voe}pw~v|e{ls{j~]rf~n{kx| }x}u}xw~n{y~vryrt~v|e{xj~U|e{l|z~{zp}z~q}bwpw~{ps|y~{ps|t|k~u}yv|lx{u~drururzrz~v}~nokrxt}pwz} z|v|z~ox}n{x{qoyj~]okrx}z~voe}x~u}yv|lx{u~drururzrz~}yswu~voe}xxwux}~n{yx{e{z~{zl}~|v{x|t|q|a|e{ oys}v}vwyj~Lmg|z~k|v|x|t|p{f~czq}yiwx}y~g|~a{zz|s~d}x{~i|yh|ux{e{~ickx|y~czmz|~p|yt|us|v{yj~]{yx{u g|~ n|y}n|yx{e{zf~ u}yv|lx{e{z~ s|t|x{~ q}kwxw~ drurus}f~ }px{~ {u{~ d}xuxw~ drurus}~ u}nrx~ |v{x{yp|f~ d}q}s} i|h|yp|~]{yx{u~Vrurur~i|yh|ux|lt{l~oxryj~]okrx}z~{zp}z~voe}pwzw~s|uy}y~ckmz|~vczvmyt|u~i|yh|u drurus}z~`[px{~d}xux}y`~i|yh|e{zv|z~i|h|yj~]r~qczxm~vrqir~g|~vmlmza|x|y{t{k{~ncqx|~}us}y}n{x{y{kj jjj S|uy}yv}z~h}xwlt}x}ywzwkv}~n}l}ywx}y~v{x{qoyf~p|x}t~g|~p}qiwx}ywtwkw~{x|s{qoyrkj

Güz ‘11

83


G/KGH Yaþar Kýrmýzý

&

lwx~wlwx~b}yx}q}z~ickx|y{z{z~\|y{~pcztmlf~d|y~s}y}\}~z|l|~p}h}z~qmkmzv|~imxmtp|` t|z{z~ |p}t|p{~ u}xt}twlsw~ }yswuj~ Lmz~ i|hs{uh|~ |y{qoyvrj~ ]{y~ v|y{~ n{y~ u|t{u u}xtwlsw~N|yg{zj~V|y~i|h|z~imz~|pu{~imk|xx{e{z{~u}qn|v{qoyf~n|v|z{~q|yv|z~u}xu` twqoyvrj~Lck~hruryx}yw~v|y{zx|l{qoyf~s|z{~poxrqoy~g|~uwywlwu~n{y~d}x~}xwqoyvrj~Z}xwz urty}x~p}hx}yw~i{ss{uh|~{za|x{qoyf~qrg}yx}u~sob~nryzr~v}~r\}xwqoyvrj Smt~ucqxmx|y{~q}p}~noetrlsrj~:|d{yv|z~ucq|~vcz|z~I}dt}zf~N|yg{z_{~icymza| hou~l}lwyvwj Y]r~z|~d}x~d|g}x~N|yg{zE~F|~oxvrf~z|q{z~g}yEX YWoyt}~d|g}x~I}dt}zjX YV}ps}~twpwz~qoup}EX YZ|lu|~d}ps}~oxp}qvwtjX Y@qx|qp|~z|~oxvr~p}z}E~Pu{~d}\s}~cza|~ncqx|~v|e{xv{zjX YD}d{xx{u~ q}bswt~ d|g}xj~ Pez|qx|~ v{lx|y{t{~ s|t{kx|q|q{t~ v|yu|z~ {ez|~ uwywxvwj ]oe}kwt}~ u}hswj~ T{v|t|~ t{~ osryvr~ n{x|t{qoyrtj~ V|yu|p~ {ez|z{z~ }ua{e|y|~ u}v}y i{v|a|e{z{~pcqxmqoyj~<ou~\}kx}~}eyw~d{pp|ss{e{t{~pcqx|q|t|tj~[za}u~n|v|z{t~|y{` qoyj~]{y~l|q~q{q|t{qoyrtj~Lckx|y{t~u}y}ywqoyj I}dt}z~ }aw~ voxr~ n{y~ {h~ h|u|y|u~ mkmzsmpmzm~ {\}v|~ |v|z~ n{y v{xx|B YF|~l}zppwkxwujX~v|v{j N|yg{zf~I}dt}z_wz~q}zwz}~q}ux}lsw~g|~p|pp{k~n{y~l|u` {xv|9 Y@xmt~qoxr~icymzmqoy~n}z}~d|g}x~I}dt}zjX Y@qx|~uozrlt}~d|g}x~N|yg{zj~[ekwzv}z~q|xx|y~}xpwzj F|~oxry~ncqx|~ucsm~l|qx|y~vmlmzt|j Y]|z~d}ps}xwewt}~q}ztwqoyrt~d|g}x~I}dt}zj~@xmtv|z v|~ rk}u~ q}l}twqoyrtj~ @xmtf~ uoqzrtrkv}f~ d|y~ }z~ n}lrar` trkv}~vryrqoyj~]|z~{ez|~i{n{~n}p{s~n{y~l|qx|~cx|a|e{t|~q}zwq` oyrtjX Y@xt|q|a|up{z~d|g}x~N|yg{zf~cxt|q|a|up{z$~W|z{ n{y~vousoy}~icsmyt|x{q{kjX [x{~u}\}pwzw~d}\{\s|z~p}e}~pox}~voeyr~p}xx}q}y}u rtrs~g|yt|q|z~n{y~p|p~sozrqx}~pck|~u}ywlswB YV|y~s}y}\s}~ob|y}pqoz~g}yj~:|dy|~rx}lt}u~koy d|g}x~I}dt}zjX Y]{y~ qoxrzr~ nrxt}xwqwk~ [x{j~ V|g}x~ N|yg{z_{z~ uox` x}ywtwk~ }y}pwzv}~ a}z~ h|u{l|y|u~ cxt|p{z|~ ick~ qrt}` t}qwkjX YN|u{~z}pwx~q}b}xwtE~[uxwz}~n{y~\{u{y~i|x{qoy~trEX YOg|s~ |g|sf~ 7}%o_q}j~ Ky}v}u{~ vops~ n{y~ vousoy} icsmymyp|u~s}t}tvwyj~]r~i|a|~D{ky|_q|~oy}v}z~v}~W{xob{_q| i{ss{u~t{f~d|y~l|q~s}t}tvwyjX~v|v{~I}dt}zj L|a|~oxrza}~qox}~uoqrxvrx}yj~N|yg{z~uwq}\|sx|y{` z{~v|e{ls{yt{ls{j~1k|y{zv|~D{ky|~zm\rprz}~u}qwsxw~n{y u{tx{u~ g}yvwj~ Z{tx{e{zv|z~ vox}qw~ y}d}s~ v|e{xv{f }za}u~ n}lu}~ h}y|p{~ v|~ qousrj~ [y}n}~ qox~ }xvwuh}

84

Güz ‘11


u}qiw~voxr~d|q|a}z~i{v|y|u~}yswqoyvrj~:|dy{z~i{y{l{zv| uozsyox~ox}n{x{y~v{q|~}y}n}qx}~d|t|z~l|dy|~i{yt|v{x|yj R}uwzx}ywzv}u{~ v{zx|zt|~ s|p{px|y{~ p}n}dx}t}x}yw~ {h{z rqirz~ n{y~ q|yv{j~ [y}n}qw~ b}yu~ |v|y|uf~ p}n}d}~ u}v}y nry}v}~ u}xvwx}yj~ I}dt}z_wz~ q}uwz~ vopsr~ ox}z~ s|p{p p}d{n{~xou}zs}v}z~q|t|u~iczv|yv{~ozx}y}j [yswu~l}\}u~}st}u~mk|y|qv{j~[k~pozy}~imz|l~voe}` a}uswj~I}dt}zf~poz~v|\}~s|p{p~p}d{n{~]|u{yo~{x|~icymlsmf t{zz|ss}yxwewzw~ n|x{ys{bf~ g|v}x}lswus}z~ pozy}~ s}up{qx| u|zs|~voeyr~qox}~uoqrxvrx}yj ]{y}k~i{ss{us|z~pozy}~u|zs|~g}yt}v}z~I}dt}z~g| N|yg{z~s}up{v|z~{zv{x|yj~Z|zs|~n}lu}~qoxv}z~i{y|a|ux|y` v{j~D{ky|_z{z~i{y{l~g|~hwuwlw~uozsyox~}xswzv}qvw~pmy|ux{j [x{~ {x|~ nrxrl}a}ux}yw~ zous}qw~ n|x{yx|v{us|z~ pozy}f~ [x{f s}up{q{~ h}xwlswy}y}u~ poz~ dwkx}~ q}zx}ywzv}z~ rk}ux}lswj N|l{zv|z~u}qiwxw~n}uwlx}y~nwy}utwlsw~[x{W}t|s~doa}zwz~|g{z|~g}yvwux}ywzv}f~oy}q}~hous}z g}y}z~[x{_q{~u|zv{x|y{z{~vcys~ickx|~n|ux|y~nrxvrx}yj YF|y|v|~ u}xvwzwk~ qmy|e{t{k~ }ekwtwkv}qvwjX~ v|v{ g|~}yvwzv}z~p|g{zhx|~p}ywxvwf~ura}ux}vw~}yu}v}lx}ywzwj YU}q}z~ d|g}x~ N|yg{zj~ ]{y}k~ v}d}~ v}q}zj ]}v{y|x|y{~s|u~s|u~}lwqoyrkj~Pq{~u{~q}q}~i|xv{z{kj~Roxv} hou~pwuw~}y}t}~g}yvwjX N|yg{z~ imx|t{qoyvrj~ [xzwzv}~ n{yhou~ h{ki{~ oxrl` trlsrj~ ]}p{s~ n{y~ {ez|~ b}yh}pwzwz~ ozrz~ n|v|z{z{ v|g{yt|p{z{~ d}kt|v|t{qoyf~ u}pg|sx{~ yrd~ d}x{qx| vmzq}qw~u}y}zxwu~icymqoyvrj ]{y~}z~cza|~vousoy}~icymzmb~nr~bp{uoxoJ{v|z~ury` srxt}u~{ps{qoyvrj~Z|zv{~u|zv{z|B~Y]r~cxmt~l|ux{~p}z} q}uwlt}k~N|yg{z$X~v|v{j~ [e}h~g|~h{h|ux|y~sotryarux}ywzw~q|z{~q|z{~}hwqoy` vrj~ Wozn}d}yx}yw~ soby}u~ uourpr~ p}y}yvw~ d|y~ q}zwj Zrlx}y~ v}xv}z~ v}x}~ uoz}yu|zf~ q|yx|y{zv|~ vry}twqoy awgwx~awgwx~csmqoyx}yvwj~V}g}x}y~p|y{zv{j~R}etryxr~imz` x|y~q|y{z{~nox~imz|lx{~q|yx|y|~nwy}utwlswj~@xm~n{y~p|pp{k` x{u~g}yvw~p}zu{~D{ky|~u|zs{z{z~mk|y{zv|j~N|yv|p{k~|gx|yf u{x{s~gryrxr~u}bwx}y-~[e}hx}yf~h{h|ux|yj~Zrlx}yf~v}ex}y n}d}y}~ t|yd}n}~ v|yu|zf~ D{ky|~ g|~ N|yg{z~ u|zv{~ {h{z| nmkmxtmlsmj N|yg{z~p}nwypwkvwj~V|t|z~qox}~uoqrxt}u~{ps{qoy` vrj~@ex|z~q|t|e{zv|z~pozy}~I}dt}z~{x|~v{e|y~ov}q} i|hs{x|yj~W{xob{_q|~z}pwx~i{v|a|ux|y{~mk|y{zv|~s}yswlswx}yj [za}u~ d|y~ l|qv|z~ cza|f~ D{ky|_z{z~ v{e|y~ s}y}\wz} i|ht|x|y{~ i|y|u{qoyvrj~ ]rzrz~ {h{zf~ rkrz~ ucbymqm qmymq|y|u~ i|h|a|ux|yv{j~ Zcbymzmz~ d|y~ {u{~ q}u}pwzv} vry}z~}pu|yx|y~i|x{b`i|h|z~smt~}y}hx}yw~vryvryrb~uozs` yox~|v{qoyvrj~R}q}x}y~{p|~}y}ztwqoyvrj @za|~ s}up{~ ucbymv|z~ i|hs{j~ Zcbymzmz~ v{e|y s}y}\wzv}~ n{y~ vmuu}zwz~ czmzv|~ vryvrj~ [yvwzv}z~ [x{f N|yg{z~{x|~I}dt}z_wz~i|ht|p{z{~n|ux|v{j~V|q|a}zv}z {h{~{h{z{~q{qoyvr~[x{_z{zj~C}yuwzv}~oxt}v}z~swyz}ux}ywzw u|t{yt|q|~n}lx}twlswj

Güz ‘11

Zcbym~ rkrzvrj~ ]{yhou~ q}q}~ i|x{b~ i{v{qoyvrj [y}t}~ }vwz}~ n{y~ l|q~ qousrj~ Pu{p{~ v|~ p|g{zv{~ nrz}j I}dt}zf~q{yt{`osrk~t|sy|~N|yg{z_{z~czmzv|~qmymqoy` vrj~Z{tx{ux|y{~vwlwzv}~d{hn{y~l|q~}xt}twlx}yvw~q}zx}yw` z}j~ I}dt}zf~ }pu|yx|y{z~ q}zwz}~ q}ux}lswewzv}~ noe}kw uryrvrf~ n{yu}h~ u|k~ mps~ mps|~ qrsurzvrj~ Rmy|e{~ h}yb` t}q}~ n}lx}twlswj~ Rmkm~ poxirz~ n{y~ d}x~ }xtwlswj~ Zoyur g|~d|q|a}z~u}bx}vw~n|v|z{z{j~Ph{z{~n{y~drkryprkxru~p}y` twlswj~YR}~u{tx{u~uozsyoxm~q}b}yx}yp}f~q}~}y}yx}yp}-X 3marvrzr~n{y~s{sy|t|~p}yvwj~[vwt~}s}twqoyf~b|l{zv|z pmymqoyvr~ }q}ux}ywzwj~ [ewyxwu~ hcutmlsm~ }q}ux}ywz}j [pu|yx|y~{x|~}qzw~d{k}q}~i|xv{f~s}t~nryrz~nryrz}qvwx}yj Woxru~}xwl`g|y{l{~dwkx}zvwj~Kzx}yw~n{y~{u{~}vwt~i|hs{us|z pozy}f~poxrerzr~nwy}uswj~S}t~y}d}sx}q}a}usw~u{f~urylrz i{n{~ }ewy~ n{y~ p|pf~ ozr~ q|y{z|~ h{g{x|v{~ }v|s}j~ YUry$ Zwbwyv}t}$jjjX <|gy|v|~ qmymq|z~ {zp}zx}y~ {yu{x|y|uf~ vczmb~ p|p{z i|xv{e{~ q|y|~ n}uswx}yj~ I}dt}z~ n{y~ smyxm~ vczmb n}u}twqoyvr~ i|y{q|j~ [pu|yx|y~ I}dt}z_}~ q}ux}lwb u{tx{e{z{~ poyvrx}yj~ Ox{z{~ ictx|e{z{z~ a|n{z|~ icsmyvmf u{tx{e{z{~hwu}yswb~}pu|y|~rk}sswj~[pu|y~n{y~I}dt}z_wz qmkmz|~n}uswf~n{y~v|~u{tx{e{z|j~:mbd|~voxr~n}uwlx}yx} pmkvmus|z~pozy}~uoxrzv}z~srsrbf~YL|h~nr~q}z}jX~v|v{ g|~}yvwzv}z~I}dt}z_w~d|yu|p{z~l}luwz~n}uwlx}yw~}y}pwz` v}~urxmn|z{z~{h{z|~}xvwx}yj N|yg{zf~ ox}zx}yw~ rk}us}z~ {kx{qoyvrj~ I}dt}z_wz urxmn|q|~uozrxvrerzr~icymza|~l}lwyvwf~n{y~}z~}\}xx}vwf z|x|y~oxvrerzr~}zx}q}t}vwj~@za|~vryvrf~i|y{q|~vczmb n}uswj~ Pu{~ rar~ p{gy{~ ou~ i{n{qv{~ ucbymj~ L|y{q|~ vczmb qmymt|u~ {ps|v{f~ q}b}t}vwj~ Z{tp|x|y~ lmbd|x|zt|p{z v{q|f~nokrzsrq}~g|yt|v|z~q}g}l~q}g}l~qmymvmj~W}zu{ t|zi|z|q|~ pwuwlswywxtwlswj~ Y:{tv{~ z|~ q}b}a}ewt~ n|zf czmt~}pu|yf~}yu}t~}pu|yjX~v|v{~u|zv{~u|zv{z|j~]{y~}z u|zv{z{~ ucbymv|z~ }st}qw~ vmlmzvmf~ pozy}~ g}ki|hs{j [vwt~ }vwt~ q}ux}lsw~ }pu|yx|y|j~ [sswew~ d|y~ }vwtx} n|y}n|y~qmy|e{zv|u{~h}ybwzswx}y~v}~}yswqoyf~}xzwzv}~noz` aru~nozaru~s|yx|y~n{y{u{qoyvrj~ I}dt}zf~ urxmn|z{z~ {h{zv|~ h}y|p{ka|~ n|ux{qoyvr t|y}u~{h{zv|j~YV{h~oxt}kp}~N|yg{z~d|g}x~urysrxp}qvwf [x{_q|~rx}lp}qvwjX~v{q|~i|h{y{qoyvr~{h{zv|zj [pu|yx|y~ N|yg{z_{~ v|~ vryvryvrx}y~ ucbym~ n}lwzv}j W|ys~n{y~p|p~sozrqx}~u{tx{e{z{~{ps|v{x|yj~Z{tx{e{~|x{zv|z }x}z~}pu|yf~n{y~pmy|~|g{y{b~h|g{yv{us|z~pozy}B YF|~ }ywqoyprz~ nry}x}yv}EX~ v{q|~ poyvrj~ W|p{zv| d{vv|s~g}yvwj~N|yg{z~pozy}v}z~cey|zv{e{~Smyuh|p{qx|B Y[uy}n}x}ywtwz~q}zwz}~i|xt{l{tjX~v|v{j~N|yg{z_{z g|yv{e{~ a|g}n}~ {z}zt}q}z~ n{y~ n}uwl~ \wyx}ssw~ }pu|yj [yvwzv}z~u|zv{zv|z~|t{z~n{y~|v}qx}B Y]r~ Wry{q|x{v{yf~ u}y}uoxv}z~ d|t|z~ n{y~ |u{b {ps|q{zjX~v|v{j~ N|yg{z_{z~ smt~ wpy}yx}ywz}~ y}et|zf~ d}xuwz~ l}luwz n}uwlx}yw~ }y}pwzv}~ }pu|yx|y~ ozr~ v}~ q}u}~ b}h} q}u}x}vwx}yj~ Zcbymv|z~ i|h|z~ {zp}zx}yf~ t|y}u~ voxr

85


n}uwlx}yx}~ {kx{qoyvr~ d|y~ l|q{j~ Lckx|yv|~ n{y~ v|~ dmkmz ourzrqoyvrj ]rk~i{n{~n{y~uog}~prqrf~N|yg{z_{z~hwywxhwbx}u~n|v|` z{z|~ vcusmx|yj~ N|yg}z|f~ n{y~ zrt}y}v}~ h}xwlwqoyvrj 3marvr~ s{y~ s{y~ s{sy{qoyvrj~ U{lx|y{~ dwkx}~ n{yn{y{z|~ v|e{` qoyf~ s}uwyvwqoyf~ {za|v|z~ {za|q|~ n{y~ p|p~ hwu}ywqoyvrj Lckx|y{~ u}b}xwqvwj~ W|p{z{~ d{h~ hwu}yt}vwj~ [awpwzw n}pswywqoyvrj~ ]cqx|~ n{y~ g}dl|s{~ {xu~ v|\}~ q}lwqoyvrj Z{s}bx}yv}~ hou~ ourtrlsrf~ }t}~ l{tv{~ i|yh|ux|~ u}ylw u}ylwq}qvwj Wozy}f~ u}nxozrz~ n{y~ rarzr~ pox~ }q}ewzwz~ n}lb}y` t}ewz}~ n}ex}vwx}yj~ Z}nxozrz~ v{e|y~ rarzr~ v}~ a{zp|x oyi}zwz}-~N|yg{z~myusmj~W}zu{~n}lwzv}z~}l}ewq}~u}q` z}y~ prx}y~ vcumxtmlsmj~ Nox{px|y{z~ }ek}~ }xwzt}q}a}u um\myx|y{~ u}ylwpwzv}~ {ey|z{qoyvr~ N|yg{zj~ [yvwzv}z d}g}v}~}pwxw~n|v|z{qx|~n{y~{u{~v|\}~hwybwzvwf~}t}~z}\{` x|qv{~ d|y~ l|qj~ ]{y~ }zv}~ uob}z~ a}zdwy}l~ hwexwuf~ urx}u` x}ywz~ k}ywzw~ qwys}a}usw~ p}zu{j~ N|yg{z_{z~ hwexwux}ywzw vrq}z~I}dt}zf~ozrz~}awpwzw~qmy|e{zv|~d{pp|ss{j~Wozy} }ys~ }yv}~ hwexwux}y~ b}sx}vwj~ Plu|za|z{z~ vokr~ i{v|y|u }yswqoyvr9~ hwexwux}y~ v}~ qmup|x{qoyvrj~ ]rz}~ y}et|z d{hn{y~l|q{~u}nrx~|st{qoyvr~N|yg{zj YWcqx|~ n}u}xwtf~ p|z{z~ icy|g{z~ z|E~ Px{lu{x|y{z{k u{tx|yv{yEX YV{h~ u{tp|q{~ s}zwtwqoyrtjX~ v|v{~ u}y}yxw~ n{y~ p|p sozrqx}~N|yg{zj~ Y]}u~uwkwtf~q}kwuswy~p}z}f~i|zhp{zj~L|yh|e{~pcqx| urysrxryprz~nr~}k}bs}zjX~v|v{j~ N|yg{z~smt~n{xv{ux|y{z{~qrstrlsr~p}zu{j~Nox{pf~{s{` y}\hw~W}x{d_{~N|yg{z_{z~u}ylwpwz}~v{us{f~qmkx|ls{yv{j Y@s~n}u}xwt~W}x{dj~]rzr~s}zwqoy~trprzEX~W}x{df N|yg{z_{~v{uu}sx|~pmkvmf~p|g{zh~voxr~n{y~p|px|B Y]r~ N|yg{z_v{yj~ Pq{~ s}zwqoyrtf~ Lmz|qx{~ N|yg{zj :|d{y~ a|bd|~ poyrtxrprj~ Kzr~ s}zwywtj~ Pu{~ vcz|t }u}v|t{v|~u}xvwjX~v|v{j~[yvwzv}z~box{pB Y:{tv{~ z|~ v{q|a|up{z~ N|yg{zE~ Pzu}y~ tw~ |v|` a|up{zEX YR}x}z~ pcqxmqoyf~ ozr~ s}zwtwqoyrtjX~ Wckx|y{z{ n{s{yt|v|z~ vcys~ n{y~ q}zv}z~ s|ut|`sou}s~ gryt}q} n}lx}vwx}yj [xvwew~qrtyru~v}yn|x|y{qx|~qmk~l|ux{~v|e{lt{ls{j S|ut|`sou}sx}~n|v|z{z{~h{ez|ya|p{z|~y}psi|x|~gryvrx}yj ]|v|z{~ n{su{z~ vmlmza|~ u|zv{zv|z~ i|hs{~ N|yg{zj~ @za| ozr~ cxvm~ p}zvwx}yj~ Phx|y{zv|z~ n{y{~ N|yg{z_{z~ z}nkwzw uozsyox~|ss{j YU}d}~cxt|t{l~o-X~v|v{j~ YLcsmymb~dmay|q|~}swzjX~v|v{~n{y~n}lu}pwj Nox{pf~N|yg{z_{z~{u{~|x{z{~q}z~q}z}~i|s{y{b~n{yx|ls{y` v{j~ <wywxhwbx}u~ n|v|z{~ n{y~ v|y{~ n{y~ u|t{u~ u}xtwlswj Wmymux|q|y|u~dmay|~u}bwpwzwz~czmz|~u}v}y~icsmyvmx|yj I}dt}z~u}ylw~dmay|v|qv{j~Zoyur~voxr~n}uwlx}yx}f~|xx|y{ s{sy|q|y|uf~ t}ki}x~ v|x{e{z{~ koyx}q}y}u~ uoy{voy}~ n}uswj N|yg{z_{~dmay|~u}bwpwzwz~czmzv|~qwewxtwl~icymza|f~smq` x|y{~v{u|z~v{u|z~oxvrj~Rmy|e{~nryurxvrj~Lckx|y{~\}xs}lw

86

i{n{~}hwxvwj~Wozy}~n}lw~czmz|~vmlsm~g|B Y]|z{t~ qmkmtv|z~ oxvr~ smt~ nrzx}yf~ u|lu|~ wpy}y |st|p|qv{tj~Z|lu|~cxp|qv{t~v|-X~v{q|~i|h{y{qoyvr {h{zv|zj [y}q}~ n{y~ imz~ i{yv{j~ N|yg{z~ u|zv{z|~ i|xv{e{zv| hwbx}u~gmarvr~n|sozrz~mk|y{zv|qv{j~]rk}~u|p|z~n|soz {x{ux|y{z|~ u}v}y~ {lx{qoyf~ pwkw~ q}bwqoyvrj~ Osy}\wz} n}uwzvwf~u{tp|a{ux|y~qousrj~3marvrzrz~hwbx}uxwew~ozr v}d}~ v}~ |k{qoyvrj~ [q}ux}ywzw~ u}ywz~ nolxrerz}~ h|us{f n|x{z{~ vrg}y}~ v}q}vwf~ n}lwzw~ n}a}ux}ywzwz~ }y}pwz}~ }xvw g|~ cqx|a|~ nmkmxvmf~ u}xvwj~ 2s}zawzv}z~ q|y{z~ v{n{z| i{y{qoyvr~ }v|s}j~ ]cqx|~ n{y~ l|q{~ }uxwzwz~ rarzv}z~ n{x| i|h{yt|t{ls{j ]{y~}z~I}dt}z~vmlsm~}uxwz}f~YF|~q}bswx}y~oz}EX v{q|~ vmlmzvmj~ ]{y~ }y}~ u}\}pwzw~ u}xvwyvwj~ [uxwz}~ n{y l|qx|y~|pt{ls{j~Osy}\wz}~n}uwzvwj~Z}dg|y|zi{~ickx|y{~n{y l|qx|y~ }ywqoyvrj~ U}d}~ \}kx}~ }aw~ h|ut|u~ {ps|t{qoyvrj [t}~dmay|~vrg}yx}yw~v}~N|yg{z_{z~n|v|z{~i{n{~hwywxhw` bx}uswj~Wozy}~rtrsprka}f~|x{z{~d}g}q}~u}xvwyvwf~n{yu}h u|k~mps~mps|~n|soz}~gryvrf~Y;}z|s~oxprzjX~v|v{j Rmkmzm~ uwkwx}~ noq}q}z~ u}z~ uryrtrlsrj~ ]|v|z{ mk|y{z|~ v}tx}q}z~ u}zx}y~ d}x}~ mk|y{zv|qv{j~ Zrx}ux}yw hwzx}s}z~tmk{u~p|p{z{z~vwlwzv}~d{h~p|pf~p|v}~qousrj ]{y}k~ pozy}~ N|yg{zf~ u}x}n}xwu~ }q}u~ p|px|y{~ {x| q|y{zv|z~{yu{xv{j~[q}u~p|px|y{~i{v|y|u~q}ux}lwqoyvrj~]{y |x~ dmay|~ u}bwpwzwz~ u{x{v{z|~ v|e{za|f~ hwu}yvwew~ p|p N|yg{z_{z~ qmy|e{z{~ dobx}st}q}~ q|st{ls{~ n{x|j~ V|t|z sob}yx}vw~u|zv{z{j~Z}xn{~dwkx}~h}ybt}q}~n}lx}vwj~Rmkm p}y}yvwf~ ickx|y{~ \}xs}lw~ i{n{~ }hwxvwj~ [aw~ voxr~ ickx|yx| n}uwlx}ywzw~u}bwq}~v{us{j~T}ki}xv}z~n}u}z~box{pB Y[q}e}~u}xu~g|~}yu}zw~vczjX~v|v{~|ty|v|ya|p{z|j N|yg{z~ vrg}y}~ v}q}z}y}uf~ imhxmux|~ }q}e}~ u}xu}` n{xv{j~[q}us}~koy~vry}n{x{qoyvrj~Zrty}x~uwp}~p}hx}yw~{h {h|~i{yt{ls{j~Nox{p~|x{zv|u{~p{q}d~n|kx|f~N|yg{z_{z~ick` x|y{z{~{q{a|~n}ex}vwf~}yvwzv}z~vczt|p{z{~{ps|v{j Y]|z{~icymqoy~trprzEX~v|v{j YV}qwyjX~v|v{~N|yg{zj R{z|~ poyr~ q}etryr~ n}lx}twlswj~ N|l~ b|l|~ poyrx}y poyvrx}yj~<ws~hwut}vw~N|yg{z_v|zj~[s|l~umbx|y{z|~vcz` tmlsm~box{px|yj~[sswux}yw~s|ut|x|yx|~p}zv}xq|~mk|y{zv| osry}z~N|yg{z_{~v|g{yv{x|y~q|y|j~U}yn|z{z~z|y|v|z~i|x|` a|e{z{~ n{x|t|t|z{z~ l}luwzxwu~ g|~ uoyurpr~ g}yvwf~ }aw voxr~qmy|e{zv|j Y]|z~ozr~uozrlsryt}pwzw~n{x{y{tjX~v|v{f~{y{~q}ywf sou~p|px{~box{p{z~n{y{j N|yg{z_{~ uoxx}ywzv}z~ srsrb~ q|yv|z~ u}xvwyvwx}y~ g| {lu|za|~t}p}pwzwz~mk|y{z|~q}swy}y}uf~|xx|y{z{~g|~}q}u` x}ywzw~t}p}~rhx}ywzv}u{~u|x|bh|x|y|~n}ex}vwx}yj~Py{~q}ywf u}xwzf~imy~p|px{~box{p~ickm~vcztmla|p{z|B Y:{tv{~ p}z}~ imzmzm~ icps|y{y{tj~ Wrpt}u~ z|v{y~ o k}t}z~}zx}ypwzj~]{k~nry}v}~z{a|~,n|z~|yu|e{t_~v{q|z` x|y{~ nmxnmx~ i{n{~ cssmyvmuj~ W|z~ nr~ u}vwz~ d}x{zx|~ t{ v{y|z|a|up{z~o-X~v|v{~um\my~g|~s|dv{s~voxr~n{y~p|px|j

Güz ‘11


Ox{zv|u{~ u|pu{z~ nwh}ew~ N|yg{z_{z~ hwbx}u~ n|v|z{ mk|y{zv|~n{y~pmy|~i|kv{yv{j~K~}z~gmarvrzv}~n{y~poeru` xru~d{pp|ss{~N|yg{zj~U}t}yx}ywzv}u{~u}z~n{y~}zv}~dwk` x}zvwj~ [z{~ y|\x|upx|~ u}yzwzw~ {h{z|~ voeyr~ h|us{j~ Nox{p |x{z{~N|yg{z_{z~t|t|x|y{z|~}sswf~{q{a|~pwuswj~:|qs}z{~n{y imxml~osrystrlsr~vrv}ux}ywzwz~u|z}ywz}j~N|yg{z~}awv}z uwgy}zwqoyvrj~Urqvrer~}awzwz~|su{p{qx|~qmkm~i|y{xv{j U{lx|y{z{~ {q{a|~ pwuswf~ n}ewyt}vwj~ Nox{pf~ o~ sou~ p|p{qx| uoyur~p}xwqoyvrB YW|z{~ |yu|e|~ n|zk|s|a|e{tf~ t|t|x|y{z{~ u|p|` a|e{tjX N|yg{z~n{y~}z~cza|~nr~}aw~voxr~p}}sx|y{z~n{st|p{z{ {ps{qoyvrj~[yvwzv}z~{q{x{u~t|x|e{~t}pu|x{~box{pB Y]}u~uwkwt~N|yg{zf~p}z}~q}yvwtaw~oxt}u~{ps{qo` yrtj~]rzrz~{h{z~poz~u|k~pcqxmqoyrtj~Oe|y~uozrlry` p}zf~}q}u~g|~|x~n{x|ux|y{z{~hck|y{tj~Oxn{p|x|y{z{~i{q|y urysrxryprzj~ [{x|z|f~ pwa}u~ qrg}z}~ u}grlryprzj~ W}z} pck~g|y{qoyrt~d|y~l|q{~n|z~d}xx|v|y{tj~1xu|z|~vcz|y q|z{~ n{y~ q}l}t~ n}lx}swypwz~ u|zv{z|j~ W}z}~ }awqoyrtf }{x|z|~q}kwuf~ozx}yw~vmlmzjX~v|v{j N|yg{zB Y]|z~n{y~l|q~n{xt{qoyrtjX~v|v{~}aw~h|u|z~ickx|y` x|j Lckm~ vcztmlf~ {y{~ q}yw~ box{pf~ |x{zv|u{~ u|pu{z nwh}ew~c\u|qx|~N|yg{z_{z~t|t|p{z~v{n{z|~dwzhx}~{zv{y` v{j~ K~ }z~ t|t|~ ucux|y{z{z~ v{n{zv|z~ \wluwy}z~ u}zx}y box{p{z~ qmkmz|~ \wyx}vwj~ Rmkmf~ mps`n}lw~ u}zx}y~ {h{zv| u}xvw~box{p{zj~Z}zxw~pry}s~nrqvr~{ls|j~V{h~p|p{~poxrer hwut}q}z~N|yg{z_{z~n{y~}z~urx}ux}yw~p}ewy~|v|z~hwexwew uobsrj~Kxru~oxru~u}z~}uwqoyvr~N|yg{z_{z~icepmzv|zj [ex}t}uxw~ n{y~ v{xx|f~ p|px{a|~ {zx{qoyvrj~ Lcepmzmz~ n{y b}yh}pw~ sob}h~ i{n{~ u}zxw~ pry}swz~ |x{zv|~ vryrqoyvrj Ox{qx|~ d}g}q}~ u}xvwyvwew~ b}yh}qw~ ickx|y{~ u}b}xw N|yg{z_|~{l}y|s~|v|y|uB YZozrlt}kp}zf~ n}u~ v{e|y{z{~ v|~ u|p|a|e{tj Lckmzmz~ q}lwz}~ n}ut}tf~ i|n|ys{y{t~ p|z{jX~ v|v{j V}l{z~n{y~l|u{xv|j N|yg{z_{z~icepmzv|z~}u}z~u}zx}yw~vryvryt}u~{h{z {x}h~urxx}zvw~box{px|yj~]{y~pmy|~pozy}~u}z~vryvrj~[t} }aw~v{zt{qoyvrj~N|yg{z~n{y~pmy|~cqx|a|~uwgy}zwb~vryvrj 3marvrzv}z~ uob}ywx}zf~ u}zx}y~ {h{zv|u{~ b}yh}qw N|yg{z_{z~q}zw~n}lwz}~nwy}uswx}yj~ Y]r~ z|~ n{h{t~ {zp}z~ n|-X~ v|v{~ box{px|y~ d}qy|s {h{zv|j~N|yg{z_|~l}lwywb~u}xtwlx}yvwj~Wozy}~v}~ov}v}z hwuwb~i{ss{x|yj ]{y~p}}s~pozy}~{lu|za|~q|z{v|z~n}lx}vwj Y]r~u|k~p|z{~hckt|kp|tf~n}z}~v}~Zok}zxw~@uu|l v|t|p{zx|yj~ Ox{tv|z~ nr~ u|k~ urysrx}t}q}a}upwz N|yg{zj~Woz~vr}zw~q}bjX~v|v{j N|yg{z~ p|px|y{~ koy~ {l{s|n{x{qoyvr~ }yswuj~ Py{~ q}yw box{pB YW}z}~g|yv{e{t~pckm~srs}a}ewt~N|yg{zj~U{e|y{z{ v|~u|p|a|e{tj~R}~cx|a|up{z~q}~v}~uozrl}a}upwzjX~v|v{ u}z~uou}z~}ekwqx}j

Güz ‘11

Ox{z{~N|yg{z_{z~p}ex}t~u}x}z~t|t|p{z|~icsmyvmj ]{y}k~qru}ywq}~u}xvwyvwj~Z|pu{z~nwh}ew~v}q}vw~t|t| v{n{z|j~ N|yg{z_{z~ qmy|e{~ }ekwz}~ i|xv{j~ YR}bt}qwzX v|t|u~ i|hs{~ {h{zv|zj~ U{lx|y{z{~ pwuswf~ vrqirx}ywzw n}pswyvwf~ {zx|t|q|~ n}lx}vwj~ D}zwzv}z~ n{y~ b}yh}~ v}d} uob}ywx}a}uswj~ D}zvw~ nrj~ [aw~ vrqt}t}u~ {h{z~ s}l oxt}u~i|y|u{yv{j YV}v{~ n}u}xwt~ N|yg{zf~ |xg|v}~ v|X~ v|v{~ u}du}d} }s}y}uj ]wh}u~u|pu{z~g|~poerusrj~W}bw~{lx|t|x{qv{f~nyozk` v}z~q}bwxt}qvwf~rkrza}qvwj~]r~v|\}~n{y~u|y|~v|~u|p{b }st}u~ {ps|t{qoyvr~ box{pj~ YU}d}~ v}~ }aw~ h|ut|x{v{yjX v{qoyvrj~]wh}ew~N|yg{z_{z~s|z{z|~v}q}vwj~Wozy}~n{y~cz| n{y~ }yu}q}~ icsmymb~ i|s{yv{~ q}g}lh}j~ S|ps|y|~ {x|~ }e}h v}xw~ u|p|y~ i{n{qv{~ p}zu{j~ ]{y~ }zv}~ uwkwx~ uwq}t|s{ uob}y}z~ hwexwew~ n}psw~ N|yg{zj~ Z|zv{z{~ p}e}~ pox} vczvmyt|q|~h}xwlsw~}t}~}q}u~n{x|ux|y{~g|~|xx|y{~{q{a| n}ex}ztwlswj~ R|y{zv|z~ uwbwyv}q}t}vwj~ Py{`q}yw~ box{pf icepmzm~ q}ywb~ u|p{xt{l~ d}xv|~ nwy}usw~ cqx|a|j Lcepmzv|z~ }u}z~ u}zx}yf~ q}zx}yv}z~ t}p}zwz~ mk|y{z|f oy}v}z~ v}~ q|y|~ voeyr~ v}txwqoyvrj~ N|yg{z~ }aw~ {h{zv| uwgy}zwyu|zf~t|t|~q}z}~p}yuswj~]r~v}~q|st|v{j Y]{y}k~srkf~n{y}k~srk~i|s{y{zjX~v|v{~{y{`q}yw~box{pj ]|tn|q}k~ srkrf~ q}yw~ u|p{xt{lf~ u}zx}y~ {h{zv|u{ n|v|z|~ n}pswx}yj~ Srkf~ u}z~ uwytwkw~ oxvrj~ ]{y~ }zv} N|yg{z_{z~ gmarvrzr~ }s|lx|y~ p}ytwlswj~ V{pp|ss{e{~ smt }awx}y~ n|q{z~ t|yu|k{z|~ dmart~ |ss{j~ ]|qz{~ g|~ qmy|e{ b}sx}q}a}u~ i{n{~ oxvrj~ YR|s|yf~ q|s|yjX~ v{q|~ {pq}z~ |ss{ N|yg{zj~ Py{`q}yw~ box{p~ {ps{\{z{~ d{h~ nokt}vwj~ Kzr~ v} u|p{b~ }sswj~ Z|p{x|z~ icepmf~ N|yg{z_{z~ }q}ux}yw~ }y}pwz} vmlsmj~[yswu~a}z~h|u{l{qoyvr~N|yg{zj~I}dt}z~v}~}qzw vryrtv}qvwj~Woyirv}~cxt|x|y{~box{p{z~{l{z|~i|xt{qoy` vrj D}zpwk~ n{y~ n|v|z~ i{n{~ }y}n}zwz~ {h{z|~ qwewxwb u}xtwlsw~N|yg{zj Nwywx~ bwywx~ n{y~ n}d}y~ p}n}dwqvwj~ L|x{q(~ Z|py{u_{z q}t}hx}ywzv}u{~t}e}y}x}y~cxm~p|pp{kx{e{zv|qv{~l{tv{j N|yg{z~ {x|~ I}dt}z_w~ pmymux|q|y|u~ t}e}y}zwz {h{z|~}sswx}yj~N|yg{z~u|zv{zv|z~i|ht{ls{f~}qwu~v|e{xv{j I}dt}z_w~ uoyur~ p}xtwlswj~ V|y~ {u{p{z{z~ v|~ |xx|y{qx| ickx|y{z{~}hswx}yj~Rmkmpsm~q|y|~q}swyvwx}yj~ YR|y{z{kv|z~ uwbwyv}yp}zwkf~ cxvmymymt~ p{k{jX~ v|v{ box{px|yj~[yvwzv}z~t}e}y}zwz~vwlwz}~hwusw~box{px|yj Wozy}~ }ys~ }yv}~ n{yu}h~ |x~ notn}pw~ }sswx}y~ {h|y{q|j ]{y~pmy|~u|x|lx|yx|~t}e}y}zwz~p}ewzw~poxrzr~s}y}vwx}yj Zrylrz~ p|px|y{~ a{g}y~ ucqx|yv|z~ n{x|~ vrqrxrqoyvrj L|x{q(~Z|py{u_{z~t}e}y}x}ywzv}f~{pq}z~voxr~n{y~q}zuw q}bwqoyvr~p{x}d~p|px|y{-

87


Kapitalizm, Teknoloji, Ýnsan, Yýkým ve Devrimci Sanat’ a Dair Akýl Yürütmeler Vedat Düþküner

Tekirdað 2 No’lu F Tipi Cezaevi

Z

Gazetelerin üçüncü sayfalarýndaki trajediler, dramatik insan öyküleri aslýnda kapitalist düzenin resmidir. Bugün çeþitli hastalýklardan dolayý onlarca insan yaþamýný kaybediyor. Ayný þekilde milyonlarca çocuk sokaklarda yaþýyor, milyonlarcasý temel eðitim alamýyorlar. Uyuþturucu madde kullaným yaþý hýzla düþüyor. Onlarca kadýn ve erkek çeþitli komplikasyonlar sonucunda yaþamlarýný kaybediyorlar. Fuhuþ ve çeteleþme daha yaygýn bir hal aldý.

}b{s}x{ps~p{ps|tv|f~i|y{v|~nwy}uswewtwk~qmkqwxwz~oys}x}ywz}~voeyrf~o~k}t}z} u}v}y~icymxt|t{l~noqrss}~s|uzoxoJ{v|~i|x{lt|x|y~oxvrj~]r~i|x{lt|q{~u}b` {s}x{ps~ p{ps|t~ cqx|p{z|~ nmqmu~ n{y~ icps|y{qx|~ u{sx|x|y|~ przvr~ u{f~ icps|y{ s|uzoxoJ{u~ i|x{lt|z{z~ czmz|~ i|hs{j~ L|x{lt|~ u}b{s}x{kt{z~ z{d}{~ n}l}ywpwzwz~ cz n|x{ys{p{~ ox}y}u~ u}nrx~ |v{xv{j~ Z}b{s}x{kt~ nmsmz~ h|x{lu{x|y{~ nr~ i|x{lt|~ p}q|p{zv| hck|a|us{$~[t}~pozrh~d{h~v|~cqx|~oxt}vwj~Smt~o~l}s}\}sxw~icps|y{p{z|~y}et|z~u}b` {s}x{kt~u|zv{~u}ylwswzw~my|st|q{~|zi|xx|q|t|v{j~]rimz~|l{~n|zk|y{~icymxt|t{l~n{y {lp{kx|y~oyvrpr~g|~{lp{kx{u~poyrzr~g}yj~Umzq}zwz~vcys~n{y~q}zwzv}~{lp{kx{u~czm~}xw` z}t}q}z~ n{y~ hwe~ i{n{~ nmqmqoyj~ Wozrhs}~ oys}q}~ hwu}z~ s}nxo~ icps|y{qoy~ u{~ t|gars vryrtv}u{~{lp{kx{u~vryrtr~d{h~v|~i|ht{l~vcz|tv|u{~i{n{~v|e{xj~Z}b{s}x{kt{z~}yswu zrysobr~i{n{~n{y~{lp{kx{u~poyrzr~g}y~g|~nr~poyrz~nmqmt|q|~v|g}t~|v{qoyj~ Z}zp|yoJ|z~ t}vv|x|y{z~ }yst}pw~ pozrar~ u}zp|y|~ q}u}x}zt}~ u}qiwpw~ q}~ v} lcqx|~ pcqx|q|x{t~ }yswu~ d|yu|p~ bos}zp{q|x~ u}zp|y~ oxt}~ y{pu{~ }xswzv}~ q}l}twzw pmyvmyt|u~ vryrtrzv}j~ [qz|z~ nr~ y{pu~ i{n{~ {lp{kx{u~ v|~ d|y~ u|p{tv|~ }qzw~ u}qiwqw q}y}swqoyj~[yswu~d|yu|p~bos}zp{q|x~{lp{k~u}xt}~}v}qwj~L|ht{ls|~{l{~imam~ox}zx}y~{lp{` kx{u~u}qiwpw~vrqt}q}zx}y~n{x|~nrimz~nr~u}qiwzwz~i{yv}nwz}~i{yt{l~vryrtv}x}yj [pxwzv}~ s|uzoxoJ{v|~ t|qv}z}~ i|x|z~ i|x{lt|x|y~ g|~ nrzx}ywz~ s|uz{u~ }x}zv} rqirx}zt}pw~{zp}zx}ywz~i|x|a|e|~v}{y~vrqvrux}yw~|zv{l|x|y{~i{v|yt|u~g|~i|x|a|u` s|z~ v}d}~ rtrsxr~ oxt}x}ywzw~ p}ex}q}n{x{yv{j~ C}u}s~ s}t~ s|yp{~ pozrhx}y~ oys}q}~ hwuswj Pzp}zx}y~i|x|a|ux|y{z{~s}p}ggry~|v{b~bx}zx}y~q}bt}qw~nwy}uwb~q}ywz~z|~ox}a}u~n|x{y` p{kx{e{~{h{zv|~q}lwqoyx}yj~Pzp}zx}ywz~i|x|a|ux|y{zv|z~vrqvrux}yw~|zv{l|~v{e|y~n{yhou l|q{z~ q}zwzv}~ {xu~ |xv|z~ |i|t|z~ pwzw\x}yw~ |zv{l|q|~ p|gu~ |v{qoyj~ <mzum~ |i|t|z |k|z~pwzw\x}y~lrzr~n{x{qoyx}yf~{zp}zx}y~n|x{yp{kx{e{z~u|zv{p{zv|z~nwuswux}yw~{h{z~{pq}z |v|n{x{yx|yf~ nr~ v}~ |i|t|zx|y{z~ p{ps|t{zv|~ nmqmu~ swu}zt}~ q}y}s}a}uswyj~ Oi|t|z |k|z~ pwzw\x}y~ bos}zp{q|x~ s|dx{u|z{z~ \}yuwzv}x}y~ g|~ nr~ n{x{zhx|~ d}y|u|s~ |v{qoyx}yj Oi|t|zx{ux|y{z{~q|z{~vcz|tv|~v|~pmyvmyt|u~{h{z~b}y}v{it}x}ywzv}~v|e{l{ux{ux|y q}bwqoyx}yj~ Oi|t|zx{u~ {x{lu{x|y{z{~ q|z{~ vcz|tv|~ v|g}t~ |ss{yt|u~ {h{z~ q}bswux}yw v|e{l{ux{ux|y~ n}ex}twzv}~ n}kw~ y|psoy}pqozx}y~ imzv|t|~ i|x{qoyj~ R|z{~ vcz|tv|f |pu{~vcz|t|~}{s~vmlmza|~q}bwpwqx}~d}y|u|s~|v{x|t|q|a|e{z{z~\}yuwzv}x}yj ]r~vryrtf~nrimz~\}yuxw~qczx|y{qx|f~sobxrtrz~\}yuxw~u|p{tx|y{za|~s}yswlwxwqoyj Z{t{x|y{za|~n{y~vcz|t|~ckim~ox}z~rqi}yxwuf~tov|yzx|lt|~byoJ|p{f~sobxrtp}x~i|x{l` t|z{z~czmzv|~}yswu~n{y~|zi|x~s|lu{x~|v{qoy~g|~q|z{~vcz|t{z~v{z}t{ux|y{~voeyrx` srprzv}~q|z{v|z~uryt}u~i|y|us{e{~{\}v|~|v{x{qoyj~S}t~u}ylws~uozrtv}~q|y~}x}zx}y }y}pwzv}~v}~n{y~s}yswlt}~qmymsmxmqoyj~]}lu}~n{y~vmzq}~tmtumz~v{q|zx|yf~tmtumz ox}y}u~ icyvmux|y{~ vmzq}zwz~ }vwzw~ uoq}twqoyx}yj~ [vwzw~ uoqt}p}x}y~ v}~ s}yswlt} v|g}t~|v{qoyj Z}b{s}x{kt~ i|ht{l~ vcz|tx|yv|~ v|~ uy{kx|y~ q}l}vwf~ nr~ h|x{lu{x|y{z~ mps|p{zv|z i|xt|~ox}z}ew~s{a}y|s{z~i|x{lt|~pmy|a{z{z~v|g}t~|st|p{qv{j~Umzq}zwz~{u{~ursrbxr d}x{z{z~ q}y}sswew~ n{y~ s}uwt~ koyrzxr~ v|e{l{ux{ux|y~ oxvrj~ ]}swxw~ u}b{s}x{ps~ mxu|x|y{z q}bswew~ nr~ v|e{l{ux{ux|y{z~ n}lwzv}f~ s{a}y|s{z~ p|yn|ps~ d}x|~ i|s{y{xt|p{~ i|x{qoyvrj W|yn|ps~ s{a}y|s~ g|~ vox}lwtwz~ czmzv|u{~ |zi|xx|y{z~ u}xvwywxt}pw~ g|~ imtymu~ g|yi{` x|y{z{z~ {zv{y{xt|p{z{~ p}ex}vwj~ Kys}q}~ hwu}z~ pozrh~ rxrp}x~ pwzwyx}yw~ }l}z~ n{yx|l{u vmzq}~b}k}yw~oxvrj~]cqx|a|~vmzq}zwz~u}b{s}x{ps~mxu|x|y{~}y}pwzv}~|uozot{u~|zs|`

88

Güz ‘11


iy}pqoz~ p}ex}ztwl~ oxvrj~ Ouozot{u~ }x}zv}~ q}l}z}z nr~ nmqmu~ pwhy}t}zwz~ voe}x~ pozrhx}ywzv}z~ n{y{~ v| ]}swxw~ u}b{s}x{ps~ mxu|x|y{z~ {lh{~ pwzw\wzwz~ q}l}t uolrxx}ywzv}~ {q{x|lt|z{z~ oxt}pwqvwj~ [gyrb}~ {lh{ pwzw\w~ nrimz~ nr~ nmqmt|z{z~ i|s{yv{e{~ }g}zs}Jx}yw u}qn|v{qoyj~Oxv|~|ss{e{~q}l}t~ps}zv}ysx}ywzw~uoyrt}u n{y~q}z}~v}d}~ucsm~uolrxx}yv}~q}l}t}q}~t|anry~d}x| i|x{qoyj~Pps{dv}tw~}ysswyt}f~popq}x~}v}x|s~i{n{~pckx|y i|ht{l~ vcz|t{z~ yrdrzr~ i|y{~ h}ewyt}u~ {h{z~ pcqx|z` t{l~a}\a}\xw~pckx|y~oxt}zwz~cs|p{zv|~n{y~}zx}t~{\}v| |st{qoyj W|yt}q|~ p}d{bx|y{z{z~ my|s{a{~ p}z}q{v|z~ d{kt|s }x}zwz}~ i|h|z~ q}swywtx}yw~ u|zv{~ voe}x~ pozrhx}ywz} rx}ltwl~vryrtv}j~V{kt|s~p|uscymz|~q}bwx}z~q}swywtx}y u|zv{~ {h~ vczmlmtmzm~ i|yh|ux|ls{y|t{qoyf~ swu}zt}qx} u}ylw~u}ylwq}j R|z{~ {ps{dv}t~ }x}zx}yw~ q}y}st}u~ g|~ sobxrtp}x k|zi{zx{e{~ }ysswyt}u~ q|y{z|f~ p|yt}q|~ p}d{bx|y{~ v|g}p} noqrsx}yv}u{~ b}y}~ u}qz}ux}ywzwf~ b}y}~ b{q}p}x}ywzv} pb|umx}pqozx}y}~ q}et}q}~ g|~ s}x}z}~ }qwywqoyx}yj~ Zwp} qoxv}z~ u}y~ p}ex}t}zwz~ g|~ y|u}n|ss|~ }q}us}~ u}x}y}u y}u{bx|y{z{~n{s{yt|z{z~b|l{zv|x|yj T}yup{kt{z~ uryrar~ l}dp{q|sx|y{z{z~ u}b{s}x{kt{z i|x{l{t~ pmy|a{z|~ v}{y~ pcqx|v{ux|y{~ i|y{v|~ u}x}z vcz|tv|~ voeyrx}zvwj~ Z|k}~ }qzw~ l|u{xv|~ u}b{s}x{kt{z vmzq}~p{ps|t{~ox}y}u~i|x{l|a|e{z|~g|~ozrz~b|y{qov{u~{h uy{kx|y{z|~ v}{y~ n|x{yx|t|x|y{~ g|~ z{d}q|s{zv|~ u}ylwswz} vczml|a|e{~ cz|yt|x|y{z{z~ voeyrxrer~ u|zv{p{z{~ d|y oxirv}~icps|y{qoyj~]rzv}z~vox}qw~v}~d|y~t}x{~uy{k~poz` y}pwzv}~ YT}y%~ d}uxwqvwX~ pckx|y{z{~ vrqrqoyrkj Z}b{s}x{ps~p{ps|t~smt~h}n}x}ywz}~y}et|z~u}b{s}x{kt{z~{h h|x{lu{x|y{z{z~ u|pu{zx|lt|p{z{~ |zi|xx|q|t|v{e{~ i{n{ }ys}z~nr~h|x{lu{x|y~nryJrg}~n{x{ta{x|y~s}y}\wzv}z~nmsmz` xmuxm~n{y~l|u{xv|~{\}v|q|~v|~u}grlsryrx}t}vwj~S}t~v} nr~ zous}v}~ T}y%_wz~ u|l\|v{xt|p{~ u}hwzwxt}k~ d}x| i|x{qoyj~<mzum~T}yup{kt~u}b{s}x{kt{z~nmsmzxmuxm~n{y }z}x{k{z{~przrqoyj~C}u}s~{ls|~s}t~v}~nr~zous}v}~nryJrg} {v|oxoix}y~ T}yup{kt{~ p}u}sxwqoyx}yf~ ozrz~ nmsmzxmuxm {\}v|p{z{~p}v|a|~|uozot{u~}x}zx}~pwzwyx}qwbf~|uozot{u }x}zv}~ i|yh|ux|l|z~ pctmym~ g|~ |k{xt|q{~ {za|x|q|z~ n{y v{p{bx{z~ ox}y}u~ nrvrqoyx}yj~ Kqp}~ T}yup{kt~ popq}xf p{q}p}xf~umxsmy|x~gnj~}x}zx}yv}~~i|yh|ux|l|z~pctmym~g| |k{xt|q{~v|~nmsmzxmuxm~n{y~l|u{xv|~{za|x|y~g|~{\}v|~|v|yj L}k|s|x|y{z~mhmzam~p}q\}x}ywzv}u{~sy}J|v{x|yf~vy}` t}s{u~ {zp}z~ cqumx|y{~ }pxwzv}~ u}b{s}x{ps~ vmk|z{z y|pt{v{yj~ ]rimz~ h|l{sx{~ d}ps}xwux}yv}z~ vox}qw~ ozx}ya} {zp}z~ q}l}twzw~ u}qn|v{qoyj~ [qzw~ l|u{xv|~ t{xqozx}ya} hoaru~pou}ux}yv}~q}lwqoyf~t{xqozx}ya}pw~s|t|x~|e{s{t }x}twqoyx}yj~ 2qrlsryrar~ t}vv|~ urxx}zwt~ q}lw~ dwkx} vmlmqoyj~Kzx}ya}~u}vwz~g|~|yu|u~h|l{sx{~uotbx{u}pqoz` x}y~ pozrarzv}~ q}l}tx}ywzw~ ~ u}qn|v{qoyx}yj~ Crdrl~ g| h|s|x|lt|~v}d}~q}qiwz~n{y~d}x~}xvwj~Kyi}z~s{a}y|s{~rxrp` x}y}y}pw~vmk|qv|j

Güz ‘11

Otb|yq}x{ps~ {li}xx|y~ pozrarzv}~ {li}x~ |v{x|z mxu|x|yv|~ n{zx|ya|~ hoaru~ u}sx|v{xv{f~ n{y~ o~ u}v}yw~ v} p}u}sf~ swnn{~ q}yvwt}~ trds}h~ vryrtv}x}yj~ [{x|p{z{ u}qn|st{l~cupmk~ox}y}u~q}l}t}q}~h}xwl}z~hoarux}ywz q}zwzv}~ u}vwz~ g|~ |yu|ux|y{~ v|~ p}qt}u~ i|y|u{qoyj ]msmz~nrzx}y~i}k|s|~p}q\}x}ywzv}~g|~sg~d}n|yx|y{zv| vy}t}s{u~n{y~uryirqx}~q|y~}xwqoyj Z}b{s}x{ps~p{ps|tv|u{~s|uzoxoJ{u~i|x{lt|x|y{z~mps p|g{q|q|~ g}yt}pwzwz~ q}zwzv}~ Wogq|sx|y~ ]{yx{e{z{z }xs|yz}s{\~ g}yxwewf~ nryJrg}~ vmlmzmyx|y{f~ nr i|x{lt|x|y{z~ {zp}zwz~ nmsmz~ poyrzx}ywzw~ hck|a|e{~ g| {zp}zx}ywz~}yswu~~pwzw\~tma}v|x|p{~i{n{~l|qx|yx|~v|e{xf h}xwlt}~p}}sx|y{zv|z~}ys}~u}x}z~nol~k}t}zx}ywzw~z}pwx i|h{y|a|ux|y{~ poyrzrqx}~ {xi{x|z|a|ux|y{~ {vv{}pwz} qczx|zv{yv{j~ C}u}s~ d{h~ v|~ ncqx|~ oxt}vwj~ ]msmz~ nr i|x{lt|x|y~ {l~ imzmzm~ uwp}xst}u~ q|y{z|~ v}d}~ \}kx} rk}st}q}~voeyr~n{y~p|q{y~{kx|v{j~Umlmu~may|s~g|~rkrz h}xwlt}~ pmy|x|y{~ i|x{lt|z{z~ u}hwzwxt}k~ pozrhx}yw oxvrx}yj Pl~q}l}twzv}u{~{lp{k~u}xt}~u}qiwpwf~may|sx|yv|z t|tzrz{q|sp{kx{uf~ uozrtp}x~ n|ux|zs{x|y~ i{n{~ nmsmz poyrzx}y~{zp}zwz~p{z{y~p{ps|t{~mk|y{zv|~u}xwaw~|su{x|y nwy}uwqoyj~ Pl~ q}l}twzv}u{~ psy|pf~ v|by|pqozf~ on|k` x|lt|f~ s}d}ttmxpmkxmuf~ nol}zt}~ g|~ {zs{d}yx}y~ {xu |xv|z~p}q}a}ewtwk~l|qx|yj Oxn|ss|~ nrzx}ywz~ \}yuxw~ z|v|zx|y{~ g|~ qczx|y{~ v| nrxrzrqoyj~Ox|~}xvwewtwk~q}zwqx}~nmsmz~nr~poyrzx}ywz noqrsx}ywzwz~ cxhmtmf~ nr~ poyrzx}ywz~ i{v|y{xt|p{~ {h{z my|s{x|z~ mymzx|yv{yj~ Wboy~ g|~ |g~ }x|sx|y{z|f~ trs\}u mymzx|y{zv|zf~ k}qw\x}t}~ {x}hx}ywz}f~ |ps|s{u~ mymzx|y` v|z~ u{xo~ g|yt|~ }x|sx|y{z|~ u}v}y~ o~ u}v}y~ hou~ mymz my|s{x{qoy~ u{f~ {zp}z~ nr~ mymzx|y{z~ n}p{s~ n{y~ b}yh}pw d}x{z|~ i|x{qoyj~ L|x{z|z~ zous}qw~ p{ti|x|t|p{~ g| bp{uoxoJ{u~ u}y}us|y{z{~ q}zpwst}u~ }hwpwzv}z~ cz|tx{ ox}z~ l|q~ v|~ my|s{x|z~ yonosx}ywz~ uwp}~ n{y~ pmy|~ pozy} {zp}zwz~ q|y{z{~ }x}a}ew~ pcqx|t{qx|~ n{yx{us|~ my|s{x|z yonosx}ywz~y|ux}twvwyj~W{z|t}~\{xtx|y{zv|~{zp}zx}ywz yonosx}y}f~ t}u{z|x|y|~ u}ylw~ p}g}lw~ {lx|z{qoyj~ ;}y} Dyo\s~ g|~ T}sy{%_s|~ icps|y{x|z~ l|q~ {zp}zwz t}u{z|x|y{z~ n}p{s~ n{y~ b}yh}pw~ oxvrerzv}z~ n}lu}~ n{y l|q~v|e{xv{yj W{ps|t{z~ {h{zv|~ url}swxtwl~ {zp}zx}y~ {h{z~ nmsmz nr~pmy|hx|yv|z~i|y{q|~u}x}z~s|u~~l|q~v}q}zwxt}k~nr krxt|~u}ylw~s}d}ttmx~|v|n{x|a|ux|y{~n{y~}zx}t~nrx` t}uswyj~[za}u~nrxvrux}yw~nr~}zx}t~p}q|p{zv|~{zp}z` x}y~ u}b{s}x{ps~ p{ps|t{z~ v}q}zwxt}k~ krxtmz|~ v}q}zwb q}l}tw~ h|u{x|n{x{y~ uwxwqoyx}yj~ [hxwu~ g|~ qouprxxru pwzwywzwz~}xswzv}~q}l}t}zwz~v}q}zwxt}kxwewzwz~q}zwz` v}~ p{ps|t~ {zp}zx}y}~ u|zv{x|y{z{~ g}y~ |v|n{x|a|ux|y{ d|yd}zi{~ n{y~ nolxru~ s}zwtwqoyj~ T}vv{~ g|~ k{d{zp|x \}}x{q|sx|y{z{~ s}t}t|z~ uozsyox~ |v{qoyj~ [pxwzv}~ nr hcuml~ p}v|a|~ |k{x|zf~ pctmymx|z~ u|p{tx|y|~ }{s~ v| v|e{xj~ [qzw~ hcumlf~ |k|z~ |i|t|zx|y~ }y}pwzv}~ v}

89


icymxmqoyj~ V|y~ l|q~ hou~ imk|x~ ox}a}uf~ s|t|zz{x|y{z| u|zv{x|y{~n{x|~{z}ztwqoyx}yB~YL|a|uozvrx}yv}z~i|x|` a|ux|y~ noe}kwtwkw~ u|p|a|ux|yX~ u}qiwpw~ |i|t|zx|yv| v|~a{vv{~n{y~hcuml~q}y}swqoyj~Umk|zx|y{z{z~v}ewx}a}ew u}qiwpw~ozx}yw~v}d}~\}kx}~img|zx{u~}xt}q}~g|~}pu|y{ d}ya}t}x}y}~qczx|zv{y{qoyj Z}b{s}x{ps~ vmk|z{z~ my|ss{e{~ umxsmymz~ uovx}yw~ u}y dwypwvwyj~]r~umxsmyv|u{~qokx}lt}~g|~v|J|z|y}pqoz~s}y` {ds|~ |l{~ n|zk|y{~ icymxt|q|a|u~ vmk|qv|j~ Imlg|sf vox}zvwywawxwuf~dwypwkxwu~i{n{~l|qx|y~{l~}v}tx}ywf~box{` s{u}awx}yf~qcz|s{a{x|y~g|~v{e|yx|y{~s}y}\wzv}z~q}bwxwqoyj 7|zi{zx|lt|u~ {h{z~ Yt|tryrt~ {l{z{~ n{x{qoyX~ ucl|q{ vczt|u~ s|u~ i|h|yx{~ {xu|v{yj~ Uox}qwpwqx}~ v}~ d|y~ l|q trn}d~d}x{z|~i|x{qoyj~[x}g|y|~v}x}g|y|a{x{u~t}d}y|s ox}y}u~ cgim~ icymqoyj~ Uotrkv}z~ z|~ uob}ywyp}z u}yvwyj~Y:|qs}z~t}yu}~i{q|yjX~T}yu}~i{qt|u~{ps|q|z l|qs}z~ oxt}xwvwyj~ Z}b{s}x{ps~ umxsmymz~ my|ss{e{~ nrvryj ]msmz~nr~qokx}ltwl~q}l}t~g|~{x{lu{x|y{z{z~{zp}zx}yv} q}y}sswew~ }l}ewx}zt}~ vrqirprzrz~ {pq}z} vczmlt|t|p{~ {h{z~ v|~ |xx|y{zv|u{~ v|gx|s~ imamqx| sobxrtrz~ q}l}t~ uolrxx}ywzw~ v|e{ls{yt|~ i}qy|sx|y{z{ }kiwza}~n}pswywqoyx}yj Z}b{s}x{ps~ vmzq}~ vmk|z{z{z~ i|xv{e{~ }l}t}zwz pozrhx}ywzv}z~n{y{~v|~{zp}zwz~{zp}z~ox}y}u~u|zv{p{z| q}n}zawx}lt}pwvwyj~ Z}b{s}x{kt~ n{y~ q}zwqx}~ {zp}zw voe}v}z~ rk}ux}lswywyu|z~ cs|~ q}zwqx}~ v}~ voe}qw~ v} s|dv{s~|v|y~d}x|~i|xv{j~<|gy|~u{yx{x{e{f~voe}x~}x}zx}ywz s}x}z~ |v{xt|p{~ i{n{~ poyrzx}ywz~ rx}lswew~ noqrs~ oys}v}j Z}b{s}x{kt~ {zp}zx}yw~ voe}v}z~ rk}ux}lswywb~ u|zs q}l}twz}~v}d{x~|ss{~}t}~u|zs~q}l}tw~u}y}n}p}z~t{p` }x{~{zp}zx}ywz~mk|y{z|~hcusmj~Z|zsx|y~i|x{ls{uh|~zm\rp p}qwpw~v}~}ysswj~]r~vryrt~v}d}~\}kx}~}x}z~i|y|us{y{q` oyf~nr~v}~v}d}~\}kx}~s}x}z~v|t|us{yj~T|i}~v{q|~s}zwt` x}z}z~ u|zsx|y~ }hwu~ d}b{pd}z|x|y|~ vczmltml~ vryrt` v}x}yj~ ]msmz~ nr~ oxrtprkxrux}y~ {zp}zx}yv}~ i|ht{l| vczt|~q}~v}~i|ht{l~imzx|y|f~o~vcz|tx|yv|u{~{x{lu{` x|y{~}y}qwl}~z|v|z~oxrqoyx}yj~Pzp}zx}y~i|ht{l{z~d}q}` x{z|~ pwewz}y}u~ poyrzx}yw~ icyt|kv|z~ i|x{qoyx}y~ }t} i|ht{l|~ i{st|u~ tmtumz~ v|e{xj~ L|ht{l|~ vrqrx}z ckx|tf~ nrimzmz~ sobxrtp}x~ vmk|z{z|~ s}d}ttmx v|e{xf~ i|x|a|e{z~ popq}x{ps~ sobxrtp}x~ vmk|z{z{~ ury` t}q}~ qcz|xt|x{v{yj~ ]rzrz~ i|yh|u~ n{y~ g}yxwu~ d}x{z| i|xt|t|p{~{h{z~q}bwx}z~{v|oxoJ{u`umxsmy|x~p}xvwywx}y} {x}g|s|z~ q}uwz~ vcz|t~ s}y{d{zv|z~ cyz|ux|y~ prz}y}u {zp}zx}ywz~popq}x{kt|~q}ux}lwtx}ywzv}~lmbd|~q}y}s}` n{x{yx|yj~ Wopq}x{ps~ p}z}s~ nr~ }x}zv}~ cz|tx{~ n{y~ {lx|g mpsx|z|n{x{yj~ T|gars~ vryrtr~ i|yh|uh{~ n{y~ l|u{xv| q}zpwst}us}z~ k{q}v|~ i|x|a|e{z~ {zp}zx}ywz~ vrqir~ g| ckx|tx|y{zv|~ u}ylwxwu~ nrx}a}ewzw~ icps|y|n{x{yj~ Pzp}z` x}y~i|ht{l|~vrqvrux}yw~ckx|tx|~|pu{~uolrxx}yw~s|uy}y g}y~|v|t|kx|y~p}v|a|~u|zv{~potrs~i|yh|ux{ux|y{zv|z rk}ux}lt}x}ywzw~g|~d}q}x{~n{y~vmzq}v}~q}l}t}x}ywzw

90

i|s{y{yf~ }t}~ i|x|a|ux|y{z{~ q}y}s}n{x{yx|yj~ R}y}s}a}ew i|x|a|e|~vrqirx}ywzw~v}~u}s}n{x{yx|yj~L|x|a|uf~{zp}z` x}y}~ ncqx|~ n{y~ ox}z}ew~ u|zv{p{~ g|yt|us|v{yj~ ]rzrz q}zpwt}x}ywzw~ i|ht{l~ vcz|t{z~ p}z}s~ mymzx|y{zv| icyt|us|q{kj~ L|ht{l~ vcz|t{z~ p}z}s~ mymzx|y{z{z nrimzmz~ {zp}zwzw~ a|kn|st|p{z{z~ z|v|zx|y{zv|z~ n{y{ v|~ i|ht{l~ vcz|t{z~ {zp}zx}ywzwzf~ vrqirx}ywzwz~ g| i|x|a|e|~ vrqvrux}yw~ img|z{z~ p}z}s~ |p|yx|y{zv| potrsx}zt}pwvwyj~ Z}b{s}x{ps~ vmk|z~ nr~ }zx}tv}~ v}~ {zp}zx}ywz vrqirx}ywzv}~ s}t~ n{y~ qwuwt~ i|yh|ux|ls{y{qoyj ]rimzum~sobxrtp}x~vmk|zv|~{zp}zx}ywz~p}z}sx}~{x{lu` {p{~poz~v|y|a|~k}qw\swyj~Pzp}zx}ywz~n{y|y~tmls|y{~d}x{z| i|s{y{xt|p{f~ p}z}s~ by}s{e{z{z~ }kwzxwu~ n{y~ kmty|z{z s|u|x{zv|~sobx}zt}pwf~p}z}swz~s{a}y{x|ls{y{xt|p{~{zp}z` x}ywz~p}z}sx}~{x{lu{x|zt|p{z{~{tu}zpwk~d}x|~i|s{y{qoyj Pzp}zx}ywz~p}z}sx}~{x{lu{x|y{~d}\s}~pozr~p{z|t}~p}xoz` x}ywz}~ i{st|ux|~ pwzwyx}zvwywxtwlj~ R|s{lu{zx|y{z~ nr }x}z}~v}d}~}k~y}en|s~|st|p{qx|~hoarux}ywz~p{z|t}v} tmls|y{~d}x{z|~i|s{y{xv{e{z{~icymqoyrkj~Woz~vcz|tv| q}bwx}z~ }z{t}pqoz~ g|~ h{ki{~ \{xtx|y~ p{z|t}v}~ d|v|\ u{sx|z{z~hoarux}y~oxvrerzr~icps|y{qoyj Pzs|yz|ss|z~tmk{ux|y{z~{zv{y{xt|p{f~uoyp}z~u}p|s p}swlwzwz~ tmk{u~ vmzq}pwzw~ koy~ vryrtv}~ nwy}uswew qczxm~{s{y}kx}y~i|x{ls{y{xp|~v|~i|yh|us|~ox}zf~s|uzoxo` J{z{z~ i|x{lt|p{qx|~ nr~ }x}zv}u{~ s|u|xx|lt|z{z~ uwywx` t}pwvwyj~ ]{y~ n}lu}~ qczm~ {p|f~ p}z}swzf~ {zs|yz|s oys}twzv}~ sobxrtp}xx}lt}pwvwyj~ :{yu|sx|y~ nr~ vryr` trz~ czmz|~ i|ht|u~ {h{z~ h}y|x|y~ }y}t}us}x}yf~ u}qws }xswz}~ }xwb~ g|yi{x|zv{yt|u~ {xu~ }ux}~ i|x|zv{yj~ ]rzrz d|t|z~tmtumz~oxt}t}pw~l{yu|sx|y{~\}yuxw~}y}qwlx}y} qcz|xst|us|v{yj~ C|ps{g}xx|yf~ sryz|x|yf~ uozp|yx|y >p}z}shwx}y~ vmzq}~ sryz|x|y{z|~ hwut}us}x}y? p}z}shwx}ywz~ ,p|g|zx|y{_qx|~ nrxrlt}pwzv}z~ cs|f p}z}swz~ my|s{t~ }y}hx}ywzw~ |x{zv|~ nrxrzvry}z~ l{yu|s` x|y{z~ b}k}yx}ywzw~ u}qn|st|t|u~ {h{z~ n}lgryvrer~ n{y \}}x{q|ss{yj~ ]ryJrg}~ p}z}shwx}ywzwzf~ {zs|yz|ss|~ tmk{u {zv{y{t{~ g|~ uoyp}z~ p}swlx}yv}z~ ,|t|e{t{k~ h}xwzwqoy_ v{q|~ q}uwzt}x}ywf~ q}l}t~ ps}zv}ysx}ywzw~ g|~ t|gars vryrtv}u{~uozrtx}ywzw~uoyrt}us}z~n}lu}~n{y~}zx}` t}~i|xt|kj Z}b{s}x{ps~ smu|s{tf~ umxsmym~ g|~ p}z}swf~ q}l}twz a}zxw~y|zux|y{zv|z~uob}ywb~}lu~g|~a{zp|xx{ux|~}tn}x` }Jx}qwb~ b}k}yxwqoyj~ W}z}shwx}y~ rx}lwxt}k~ n{y|y~ {uoz` vryj~ W}z}shwx}y~ i|yh|ux{us|z~ rk}uf~ }qyw~ n{y~ }x|tv| q}l}q}z~ a}zxw~ smyx|y{~ d}x{z|~ i|s{y{x{qoyj~ W}z}s~ n{y q}zwqx}~sobxrtp}x~i|yh|ux{us|z~rk}ux}lwb~l{yu|sx|y{z u}y~q}bt}~\}}x{q|s{~d}x{z|~i|x{yu|z~cs|~q}zv}z~s}t}` t|z~ {v|oxoJ{u~ n{y~ \}}x{q|s~ d}x{z{~ }xwqoyj~ V|y~ k}t}z p}z}s~ g|~ {v|oxoJ{~ }y}pwzv}~ n{y~ {x{lu{~ g}yvwf~ nrimz oys}q}~ hwutwl~ q|z{~ oxirx}y~ g|~ icymzmyxmu~ u}k}ztwl u{tx{ux|y~nryJrg}k{~s}y}\wzv}z~|v{z{xt|q|~h}xwlt}u` s}vwyf~nryJrg}~p}z}s~nr~}zx}tv}~cz|tx{~n{y~yox~mpsx|z`

Güz ‘11


t|us|v{yj~Kxrl}z~sobxrtp}x~{ds{q}aw~u}ylwx}t}u~{h{z n{yhou~l|q{~q|z{v|z~|x|~}xwb~v|e|yx|zv{yt|v|~nrxrz` t}qw~ koyrzxr~ d}x|~ i|s{y{qoyj~ ]ryJrg}~ p}z}s~ v}~ nrzr \}yuxw~ {v|oxoJ{u~ g|yp{qozx}ywqx}~ p}z}s~ }x}zwzv}~ q}b` t}us}vwyj Wogq|s~ g|~ <{z~ U|gy{tx|y{~ p}z}swz~ nmsmz~ v}x` x}ywzv}~ o~ vcz|t|~ u}v}y~ n|zk|y{~ icymxt|t{l~ n{y i|x{lt|q{~v|~n|y}n|y{zv|~i|s{yv{j~:{{yf~yot}zf~tmk{uf y|p{tf~d|qu|x~g|~|v|n{q}swz~{xd}t~u}qz}ew~tma}v|` x|qv{j~Pxd}tx}ywzw~tma}v|x|v|z~}xwqoyx}yvw~g|~{zp}z` x}yw~ v|y{zv|z~ |su{x|q|n{x{qoyx}yvwj~ ]ryJrg}~ vmzq} icymlmzv|zf~vmlmzp|x~g|~t}vv{~by}s{u~ox}y}u~i|yh|u` x|l|z~ uobrlf~ {zp}zx}ywz~ k{d{zp|x~ my|s{t~ }x}zwzv} v|g}t~ |v{b~ d}q}s~ nrxryu|z~ {h{zv|~ nrxrzvrux}yw sobxrtp}x~ {x{lu{x|y{~ v|e{ls{yt|q|~ p|gu~ |v{qoyvrj U|e{l|z~ s}y{dp|x~ uolrxx}yx}~ n{yx{us|f~ {zp}z~ {x{lu{` x|y{zv|~v|~v|e{l{t~oxvrj ]r~}zx}tv}~n{y~s}y{dp|x~vcz|t~i|y{v|~u}xtwlswyj R|z{~ n{y~ vcz|tv|q{kj~ V|y~ q|z{~ vcz|t~ u|zv{ ox}z}ux}ywzw~ v}~ n|y}n|y{zv|~ i|s{y{yj~ R|z{~ vcz|t{z ck|xx{ux|y{zv|z~ n{y{~ v|~ p|tn{qos{ux{us{yj~ T}vv{ ox}y}u~q|z{~vcz|t{z~{h{zv|~oxrzp}~v}f~q|z{~vcz|t{z {h{zv|~ ox}z~ ckz|z{z~ u|zv{p{zv|~ i|ht{l~ vcz|t{z vmlmza|p{z{~q}l}st}pwvwyj~]r~oys}u~q}l}tf~i|y{x{tx{ n{y~ {x{lu{~ oys}q}~ hwu}ywy~ u{f~ nr~ vryrt~ ickx|t` x|z|n{x{qoyj~ Og|sf~ q|z{~ n{y~ vcz|tv|q{kf~ Wogq|sx|y{z~ v}ewx` t}pwzv}z~ pozy}~ n}grxx}ywzw~ sobx}qwb~ i|z|x~ }zx}tv} popq}x{ps~p}z}sw~v}y~}zx}twqx}~v|gy{ta{~p}z}s~}x}zwzw s|yu~ |v{b~ p}zv}xx}ywzw~ x{n|y}x{kt{z~ v|y{z~ prx}ywz} {zv{y{b~ umy|u~ h|u|zx|yf~ n{y|q{~ u|l\|v{b~ i|ht{l| dmkmzxm~ n{y~ n}uwl~ \wyx}s}zx}y~ {x|~ i|ht{l{z~ t{y}pwzw v|gy}xwb~ pmyvmy|zx|y~ l|ux{zv|~ n{y~ }qywlwt~ oxvrj T{y}pw~ v|gy}x}zx}y~ }y}pwzv}~ u{t{~ \}yuxwxwux}y icymxmqoyj ]|xu{~v|~nr~}zx}tv}~n}kw~h|gy|x|y{z~urxx}zvwew Yk{d{zp|x~ v|gy{tX~ s}zwtwzw~ urxx}zt}u~ n|xx{~ n{y {lx|gp|x~ yox~ mpsx|z|n{x{yj~ <mzum~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}s h|gy|x|y{z{z~ i|z|x~ ox}y}u~ k{d{zp|x~ vmzq}pwzw~ i|y{v| u}xtwl~ n{y~ vcz|t{z~ }zx}t~ g|~ t}z}x}yw~ voxvryrqoyj ]r~}zx}t~g|~t}z}x}yx}~vmlmzmxmb~p}z}s~|x|~}xwzwqoyj  A8+?F 9DBCF 85,@<6;E@F C@C*?C@DAF 3DA3D1D;CB=DF -D, E9+B+F ;5A<B@EAF 1DF ?5B<@EAF 9DBC@DBDAD?F C*@DBD6D.: >Uj~U}exwf~W}z}s}~U}{y~Fosx}yf~@zpckf~Zwl~p}qwpw~,M=? Uox}qwpwqx}~ v}~ q|z{~ vcz|t{z~ ox}z}ux}ywf~ q|z~ vcz|` t{z~}zx}t~g|~t}z}pwqx}~|x|~}xwz}twqoyj~R|z{~vcz|` t{z~ {h{zv|~ q}l}q}z~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}s~ |pu{v|f~ i|y{v| u}xtwl~ vcz|t{z~ }zx}tx}ywqx}~ ox}z}ux}yw~ v|e|y` x|zv{y{xt|us|~ g|~ Yd|b~ }qzw~ poyrzx}y~ g|~ uozrx}y q|z{x|z|y|u~{lx|zt|us|X ]rimz~s|uzoxoJ{z{z~oys}q}~hwu}yvwew~ox}z}ux}ywz q}zwzv}~ u{t{~ bobmx|y~ }uwtx}ywz~ oxrlt}pw~ g|~ u}nrx icyt|p{~ u}ylwpwzv}~ icps|y{x|z~ y|}up{qozf~ v|gy{ta{

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11

p}z}sw~ v}y~ n{y~ }x}z}~ d}bp|st|z{z~ s{b{u~ n{y~ d}x{v{yj ]ryJrg}~p}z}swz~nr~ox}z}ux}yw~urxx}zwyu|z~qmux|v{e{ }zx}tx}yx}~ nr~ ox}z}ux}yw~ y|vv|st|u~ q|y{z|f~ nryJrg} p}z}swz~ qmux|v{e{~ g|~ g|yv{e{~ }zx}tv}z~ s}t}t|z \}yuxw~ n{y~ }zx}t~ g|y|y|u~ ox}z}ux}yw~ v|e|yx|zv{yt|u i|y|u{yj~ [za}u~ o~ k}t}z~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}s~ |x|ls{y|x {lx|g{z{~s}t~ox}y}u~q|y{z|~i|s{y|n{x{yj U|gy{ta{~p}z}s~}x}zwzv}~q}l}z}z~v}yx}lt}~u|z` v{p{z{~ d|y~ qczmqx|~ icps|y{qoyj~ ]rzrz~ {h|y{q|~ q}zpw` t}pw~ u|zsx{~ tov|yz{ps~ n{y~ }zx}qwl~ l|ux{zv|~ oxt}u` s}vwyj~]r~}zx}qwlwz~v|gy{ta{~p}z}ss}~}xvwew~{h|y{u~g| n{h{t{z~ ck|s{f~ u}zvwywxtwl~ g|q}~ vryrtr~ }zx}t}q}z {zp}zx}yw~ rq}zvwywb~ tma}v|x|q|~ p|gu~ |st|u~ {h{z {zp}zx}ywz~ mk|y{z|~ p}z}s~ }y}awxwewqx}~ noxa}~ n{x{zh noa}~ |st|us{yj~ ]ryJrg}k{z{z~ u}zvwyvwew~ u{sx|x|y~ n{ x{zhs|z~ z}p{n{z{~ }xwza}f~ }yswu~ oqrz}~ i|xt|q|a|u` x|yv{y$~ [qvwzx}zt}aw~ nr~ }zx}qwlwz~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}ss}f v}d}~i|z|xv|~popq}x{ps~p}z}ss}~my|ss{e{~l|qf~|z~n}q}ew d}x{qx|~ {v|}x{ktv{yj~ Pzp}z~ n{x{za{z{z~ {zp}zwz~ q}l}t uolrxx}ywzw~ n|x{yx|v{e{z|~ v}{y~ {v|}x{ps~ }zx}qwlf~ p}z}s }x}zwzv}~u|zv{p{z{~q|z{v|z~my|s{qoyj U|gy{ta{~ p}z}sf~ q|z{~ }x}zx}y}~ }hwxt}u~ g| icymzmy~d}x|~i|xt{l~sobxrtp}x~u{tx{ux|yx|~{x{lu{x|z` t|u~ vryrtrzv}vwyj~ ]rimz~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}s~ my|s|z uryrtx}ywz~ n|xx{~ h|gy|~ }x}zx}yx}~ pwzwyxw~ oxt}pwf \}}x{q|s~}x}zx}ywz}~n}uwxvwewzv}~n{x|~v|gy{ta{~p}z}swz Y}hwxwtX~ q}bt}pwzwz~ i|y|ux{x{e{z{~ oys}q}~ uoqt}u` s}vwyj R|z{~ vcz|t{z~ uolrxx}ywf~ q|z{~ ox}qx}y~ g| ox}z}ux}y~ oys}q}~ hwu}ywyj~ Pzp}zx}ywz~ v}d}~ cza|~ p}d{b ox}t}vwux}yw~nr~{tu}zx}yf~{zp}zx}ywz~d}q}xx|y{z{z~v| cs|p{zv|~z{s|x{ux|y~voeryryj~Kys}q}~hwu}z~nr~vryrtf {zp}zx}ywz~nmsmz~}xwlu}zxwux}ywzw~v|e{ls{y{yj~U|gy{ta{ p}z}s~l}q|s~nr~v|e{l{t{~q}u}x}q}t}kp}~i|ht{l~vcz|` t{z~ l{tv{u{~ k}t}z~ {h{zv|~ g}y~ ox}n{xt|~ {tu}zw~ z| u}v}yp}f~o~u}v}y~g}y~ox}n{x{yj Wopq}x{ps~ vmk|z~ u}b{s}x{ktv|z~ v}d}~ {x|y{~ n{y |gy|q{~ {\}v|~ |v{qoyp}~ g|~ popq}x{ps~ vmk|z~ {zp}zx}ywz q}l}t~ uolrxx}ywzv}~ oxvrer~ i{n{~ n}uwl~ }hwx}ywzv}~ v} v|e{l{t~ g|~ vczmlmtm~ p}ex}q}a}up}~ o~ k}t}z v|e{l{t|~ v|gy{ta{~ p}z}s~ u|zv{p{zv|z~ n}lx}t}u vryrtrzv}vwyj T}yup~g|~Ozi|xp_{z~Zrsp}x~[{x|~h}xwlt}x}ywzv} s}y{d~ {h{z~ {\}v|~ |ss{ux|y{~ p}z}s}~ s|yamt|~ |v|n{x{y{kB 'EBE8F 8EAC-F 8+,?+F 0D36C*8DF 5@=<"<F 0C7CF 7<0/BF =D CB;EB+F ?DB=CF E6E3@EA+BEF <@E*6E?F C3CBF 7CAF EAE3 5@EAE?F ?<@@EBEBF CB;EB+BF =+*+B=EF 7CAF *D9F =D"C@=CA: 'EBE8F8EAC-F?DB=CFE6E3@EA+F,D*CB=DF?5*EBFCB;EB+B EE@C9D8@DACB=DBF 7E*?EF 7CAF *D9F =D"C@=CAF U|gy{ta{ p}z}swz~u|zv{~}t}awz}~rx}lt}pw~{h{z~qwuwaw~oxt}pw~cz l}ysx}yv}z~ n{y{v{yj~ [za}u~ o~ k}t}z~ d|y~ }x}z}~ rk}z` }n{x{y~g|~o~}x}zx}yv}u{~v{z}t{ux|y{~|v{z|n{x{yj

91


Metin’in Hikayesi 1 Mayýs 1977 Özgür Güven 500 bin emekçi vardý Taksim Meydanýna girdi bir Ýstanbul yürüyordu sorarlar bir gün sorarlar

I

}vqoqr~}hswewzv}~Ird{~Wr~h}xwqoyvrj~Kzrz o~ tmsd{l~ p|p{zv|z~ z|~ k}t}z~ nr~ smyumqm v{zx|p|~d|b~o~imz|f~M~T}qwp~MG00_q|~i{v|y` v{j~R{z|~cqx|~oxvrj Z}d~aol}y}uf~u}d~qmymq|y|uf~u}d~pxoi}zx}y~}s}y}uf }t}~{hx|y{~d|b~aolurqx}~voxrf~qmy|ux|y{~d|q|a}zv}z~bwy bwy~ |v|z~ qmkn{zx|yf~ s|u~ n{y~ gmars~ i{n{~ }uwqoyx}yvw S}up{t_|9~}vwzw~M~T}qwp~[x}zw~q}bt}q}j~:|dy{z~uwxa}x v}t}yx}ywzv}z~ }z}~ }ys|yx|y|f~ }ys|yx|yv|z~ v|~ voeyr q}l}twz~ t|yu|k{z|~ S}up{t_|~ i{v|z~ qmkn{zx|yv|z d{hn{y{~ o~ imz~ ox}a}ux}yw~ n{x|t|kv{j~ [ul}t~ oxvrerzv} urylrzx}z}y}uf~ b}zk|yx|y~ }xswzv}~ |k{x|y|u~ q}~ v}~ b}z{u d}x{zv|u{~{zp}zx}ywz~}q}ux}yw~}xswzv}~|k{x|y|uf~50~{zp}z cxtmlf~qmkx|ya|p{~v|~q}y}x}ztwlswj~3|~o~imz|~v}{y~d|y n{y{z{z~ }qyw~ n{y~ d{u}q|p{~ g}yvwy~ }zx}s}a}uj~ Pls|~ nr~ v} ozx}yv}z~n{y{~T|s{z_{z~d{u}q|p{j ### Kyd}z_x}~T|s{z~p}n}d}~u}ylw~i|xv{x|y~|g|j~Pu{p{~v| n{su{z~ n{y~ g}k{q|ss|~ }sswx}y~ u|zv{x|y{z{~ q}s}e}j~ Z}h i|a|v{y~d|b~ncqx|qv{j~W}n}d}~u}ylw~i|x{qoyf~A~`5~p}}sx{u n{y~rqurv}z~pozy}~u}xuwb~q|z{v|z~i{v{qoyx}yvwj~Kyd}z q{z|~ imz~ {h{zv|~ q}s}n{x{qoyvrf~ }t}~ T|s{z~ {q{a| k}qw\x}twlf~}grysx}yw~n{yn{y{z|~i|ht{lf~ickx|y{z{z~}xswz} p{q}d~ d}xu}x}y~ osryt}q}~ n}lx}twlswj~ [ul}t}~ u}v}y D}e}xoexr_zv}~ n{y~ t}sn}}v}~ h}xwlwqoyf~ }ul}tx}yw~ v} qoxv}lx}ywqx}~n|y}n|y~n{xv{y{~v}ewswqoyf~}\{l~q}bwlswywqoy` x}yvwj~ M~ T}qwp_}~ n{y~ u}h~ imz~ u}xtwlswj~ ]mqmu~ n{y aolurqx}f~d|q|a}zx}~d}kwyx}zwqoyx}yvwj Kyd}z~ M4~ q}lwzv}~ n{y~ i|zhs{j~ [px|z~ Sou}s_xwqvwj [{x|p{qx|~n{yx{us|~osryrqoyx}yvwj~;{p|~poz~pwzw\s}~oxp}~v} n{s{yt{l~p}qwxwyvwj~1z{g|yp{s|~pwz}gx}ywz}~d}kwyx}zwqoyvrj [{x|z{z~ |z~ umhmem~ Kyd}z_vwj~ ]}n}pw~ V}p}z~ |t|ux{ cey|st|zv{j~Ot|ux{~oxvrus}z~pozy}~Pps}znrx_}~i|xt{lf Z}vwyi}_q}~ q|yx|lt{lx|yv{j~ Zmhmu~ n{y~ uryrq|t{lh{ vmuu}zw~ }xtwlf~ }{x|z{z~ i|h{t{z{~ oyv}z~ p}ex}t}q} n}lx}twlswj~Pps}znrx_}~}pwx~i|x{l~z|v|z{z{~poyvrux}ywzv}f d|b~ Yhoarux}yX~ v|yv{f~ Yozx}y~ v}d}~ {q{~ |e{s{t~ }xpwzx}y v{q|~i|xv{tjX~Kyd}z_wz~nmqmem~uwkvw9~T|yq|tj~W}exwu t|px|u~ ourxrzr~ n{s{yt{lf~ {u{~ qwx~ u}v}y~ v}~ d|tl{y|x{u q}btwlswj~Oz~nmqmux|y{~W|x{tf~n}n}pw~i{n{~cey|st|zv{j T|yq|t_x|~ W|x{t~ n{y~ qwxv}z~ \}kx}~ n{y~ pmy|v{y~ t|px|e{

92

nwy}utwlx}yf~u|zv{x|y{z{~d|y~l|q{qx|~v|gy{t|f~v|gy{ta{ tma}v|x|q|~}v}twlx}yvwj V}s{a|~ }z}~ p}n}d~ |yu|zv|z~ u}xutwlswj~ Kyd}z_wz u}bwpwzw~}hwb~n}uswj~Kyd}z_x}~T|s{z~v{g}zx}y}~rk}ztwl twlwx~twlwx~rqrqoyx}yvwj~N}zsoxozx}ywzw~n{x|~hwu}yt}vwu` x}ywzv}z~ n|xx{qv{~ q|z{~ i|xv{ux|y{j~ 2prxa}~ q}ux}lswf p|gi{qx|~ mk|yx|y{z{~ cyssmf~ n{y~ pmy|~ p|qy|ss{f~ {u{p{z{z~ v| v|y{z~rqurv}~poxru~}xwl~g|y{lx|y{z{~v{zx|v{j~]{y~qwx~u}v}y oxtrlsr~T|s{z_{~s}zwq}xwj~Z|zv{~oerxx}ywzv}z~d{h~\}yuw qousr~ozrz~{h{zj~]{y~i|a|~W|x{t_x|~n{yx{us|~i|xt{lx|yv{ |g|j~ Oxx|y{~ qmkx|y{~ b{pf~ mpsx|y{~ n}lx}yw~ h}try~ {h{zv|j T|s{z~ voeyr~ n}zqoq}~ i{st{l~ |x{zv|z~ i|xv{e{~ u}v}y mpsmzm~ n}lwzw~ s|t{kx|t|q|~ h}xwltwlswj~ V}s{a|~ }z}~ v} oz}~W|x{t_{z~n{y~b}zsoxozrqx}~ictx|e{z{~g|y{bf~mpsmz` v|u{x|y{~ hwu}yt}pwzw~ pcqx|t{ls{j~ S|t{kx|z{b~ q}zx}ywz} i|xv{e{zv|~ rs}zi}h~ n{y~ imxmtp|t|~ g}yvw~ ickx|y{zv|j Wrhxr~n{y~hoarerz~}zz|p{z|~n}uwlw~i{n{j~W|x{t_x|~q}lws p}qwxwyvwj~A6`A.~q}lx}ywzv}~imhxm~urgg|sx{f~rkrz~p}qwx}` a}u~oys}~noqxr~u}y}~q}ewk~n{y~i|zhs{j~Pxu~i|x{l{zv|~n{y}k d}qx}k~ hoarux}y~ i{n{~ i{st{l~ oxp}~ v}f~ v}d}~ pozy}~ i|x{b i{st|q|~n}lx}vw~g|~V}s{a|~}z}qx}~oxprz~V}p}z~}ta}qx} oxprz~ trsx}u}~ osryry~ podn|s~ |v|yf~ ozx}y}~ v|e|y~ g|y{yf icymlx|y{z{~ a{vv{q|~ }xwyvwj~ V}s{a|~ [z}q}~ v}d}~ q}uwz v}gy}zwyf~ }z}pw~ i{n{~ p|g|yv{j~ ]{y~ v|~ u|zv{~ oerxx}ywzwz q}bt}vwewzw~ q}b}yf~ trs\}e}~ v}xwb~ nrx}lwu~ qwu}yf~ h}q v|tx|yf~h}qx}ywzw~voxvryryvrj R{z|~ n{y~ }ul}t~ T|s{z~ W|x{tx|yv|qv{j~ V|yu|p t}p}v}~q|t|us|qv{j~V}s{a|~}z}~T|s{z_|~vczvmf~d|bp{` z{~l}luwz}~h|g{y|z~n{y~poyr~poyvrB YV|x|~v|~n}u}qwt~n}z}~oexrtj~]r~v|gy{t{z{k~z| k}t}z~ox}a}uEX

Güz ‘11


YF|~n{x|q{t~n|z~}z}j~F{q|~poyvrzEX YF{q|p{~ g}y~ tw~ oexrtf~ {ls|~ V}p}z~ |tt{z~ }yswu uoa}vw~p}qwxwyj~Pu{~imz~{q{qp|~n{y~imz~d}ps}j~Pu{~oex}z~n{y uwkj~V|bp{~v|~p{kv|j~Oe|y~nr~v|gy{t~n{y~{u{~p|z|q|~ox}` a}up}~s}t}tj~Rou~v}d}~rkrz~pmy|a|up|~R}~T|yq|t~q} W|x{tf~ n{y{z{~ n{k|~ g|y{zj~ Pl|~ vczpmzx|yf~ qoup}~ b|y{l}z ox}a}ewkjX ### T|s{z~T|yp{zx{~n{y~t}sn}}~rps}pwqvwj~S|uz{u~x{p|q{ n{s{yt{lf~n{y~pmy|~T|yp{z_v|~[v}z}_v}~h}xwlswus}z~pozy} n{yu}h~qwx~cza|~Pps}znrx_}~i|xt{ls{j~:{tv{~{u{~qoxv}lwq` x}~ n|y}n|y~ R|v{urx|_v|~ n{y~ uoz}us}~ u}xwqoyvrj~ Zoz}u v|v{qp|uf~ nr~ u|zv{~ g|yv{ux|y{~ {p{tv{j~ Z}xvwux}yw~ q|y oxvruh}~ |pu{f~ {u{~ u}sxw~ }dl}b~ n{y~ |gv{j~ Oz~ imk|x~ q}zw p}d{x|~q}uwzxwew~g|~v|z{k{~icyt|p{qv{j~S}y{d{~n{z}~v{q| qwuwtwz}f~ n}uwtwz}~ {tu}z~ nrx}t}q}z~ |g~ p}d{n{ i|zhx|y|~u{y}x}t}q}~y}kw~oxtrlsrj~]{y~v|~sy|z~qoxrzrz d|t|z~q}zwzv}~oxvrerzv}z~d|y~sy|z~i|h{l{zv|~s|t|xx|` y{z|~ v|u~ p}ypwxwyvwj~ Pxu~ k}t}zx}y~ n{y}k~ koyx}zp}x}y~ v} l{tv{~}xwltwlx}yvwj~T|s{z_{z~vwlwzv}~n{y~Py\}z~g}yvw~n{y v|~Z}t{xj~Py\}z~<oyrtxr~n{y~}q}uu}nw~rps}pwqvwj~5~qwx oxtrlsrf~n{y~}ul}t~{ls|z~hwuswus}z~pozy}~]|q}kws~t|q` v}zwzv}~u}\}pwz}~hrg}x~i|h{y{b~u}hwytwlsw~T/Sj~Lmzx|y pmy|z~{lu|za|x|yv|z~pozy}~nol~n{y~hrg}x~i{n{~i|a|~q}ywpw pou}e}~ }sswux}ywzv}~ }yswu~ }ewy~ {l{s{qoyvrj~ Pu{~ urx}ewzwz k}yw~v}~b}sx}twlswj~]}lu}~n{y~}ywk}~u}xt}p}~v}~o~k}t}z imzx|ya|~q}stwlswj~1hmzam~qoxv}lx}yw~[ysg{zx{~n{y~;}kvwB Z}t{xj~ Pps}znrx_}~ mz{g|yp{s|~ cey|z{t{~ {h{z~ i|xt{ls{j Pzl}}s~tmd|zv{px{e{~cey|za{p{qv{j~[t}~l{tv{~ozrz~v} d}q}swzv}u{~|z~cz|tx{~{l~v|gy{tv{f~v|gy{ta{~tma}v|` x|qv{j K~M~T}qwp~p}n}dw~T|s{z~|yu|zv|z~u}xuswf~swy}lwzw oxvrus}z~ pozy}~ qoxv}lx}ywzw~ rq}yvwj~ <}qwz~ }xswzw~ q}uwb vwl}yw~ hwuswj~ [k~ pozy}~ |x{zv|~ pwa}awu~ boe}h}x}yx} i|xv{e{zv|~h}qw~v|tx|t{lx|yv{j~Z}dg}xswx}ywzw~q}bswx}yf d}kwyx}zwb~hwuswx}yj~1hm~v|~nrimz~z}pwx~nr~u}v}y~p}u{z v}gy}zvwux}ywzw~n{x|t{qoyvrj~M.~imzv|z~n|y{~z|~q|v{u` x|y{z{f~z|~{hs{ux|y{z{f~z|~k}t}z~z|y|v|~q}swb~u}xuswux}ywzw n{x|~ rzrstrlx}yvwj~ Py\}z~ v}~ T|s{z~ v|~ {ls|z~ pozy} n{xv{y{q|f~}\{l|~uolrqoyx}yvw~v{e|y~qoxv}lx}ywqx}j~Z}t{x k}s|z~u|zv{~v|yi{x|y{zv|~h}xwlwqoyvrf~Ot|e{z~]{yx{e{_z{ hwu}ywqoyx}yvwj~ [ul}t~ oxrza}~ mhm~ v|~ uolsryrqoyx}yvw9 Ot{zczmf~ [up}y}qf~ Sobu}bwf~ U}grsb}l}f~ T}xs|b|f Op|zx|yf~ Zoa}trps}\}b}l}f~ R|v{urx|f~ 7|qs{znryzrf ]}uwyucqf~ T|ys|y~ s}}~ W|\}ucq_|~ u}v}y~ d|y~ s}y}\}~ }\{l q}btwlx}yvwj F{d}q|s~ o~ imz~ i|xt{ls{j~ Uwls}z~ z|~ u}v}y~ p}u{z icymzp|x|y~ v|f~ mhmzmz~ v|~ {h{~ {h{z|~ pwetwqoyvrj U}t}yx}ywzv}u{~u}z~srsrltrlf~v|x{aol~n{y~uolr~srssry` trlf~qmy|ux|y{z|~u}z}s~s}utwlswj~Uoxtrl}~z}pwx~n{zv{x` |yf~ [up}y}q_}~ z}pwx~ i|xv{x|y~ mhm~ v|~ n{xt{qoyvrj N|ys|gz{q}x_{z~}yu}~pou}ewzv}z~i|h{b~}y}v}z~hwuswx}yj Y]}uwz~ n}uwzf~ u}ylwv}~ b}ps}z|z{z~ }y}v}x}y~ n{k{t` u{x|yX~v{q|~v{e|y~qoxv}lx}yw~icps|yv{j~V|t|z~q|s{ls{x|yj

Güz ‘11

W}y}hd}z|_q|~hwuswux}ywzv}~u}x}n}xwu~l{tv{v|z~voxvry` trlsr~n{x|~uoa}~t|qv}zwj~V|y~q|yv|z~n{st|k~smu|zt|k n{y~{zp}z~}uwlw~g}yvwj~Smyu`Pl_|~n}exw~n}kw~p|zv{u}x}yv}z u}swxwt~oxp}~v}~u{sx|z{z~}pwx~nmqmu~uwptw~UPWZ_|~n}exw p|zv{u}x}yv}z~ oxrlrqoyvrj~ U|t{yvcumtf~ [yh|x{uf Ksot}yp}zf~:{l|a}tf~2k|xf~]|y|hf~N}za}y~Tosoyf~1xu|y gnj~v}d}~b|u~hou~\}ny{u}v}z~{lh{x|y~|xx|y{zv|~b}zu}ys` x}ywqx}f~ n}qy}ux}ywqx}f~ u{t{p{~ n}qy}txwux}ywzw~ i{qt{lf u{t{p{~{lh{~srxrtrqx}~i|xt{ls{j ### W}}s~=Gj==_v}~qmymqml~uoys|J{~S}up{t_|~voeyr~hwusw qox}j~ Oz~ czv|~ U/WZ_{z~ u|zv{~ uoys|Jx|y{f~ pozy}~ v{e|y p|zv{u}x}yv}z~ u}swx}zx}yj~ Kzx}yw~ S@]`UOIf~ STTK] g|~v{e|y~t|px|u~cyimsx|y{z{z~uoys|Jx|y{~s}u{b~|ss{j~U}d} pozy}~v}~p{q}p{~cyims~g|~h|gy|x|yjjj T|s{z~ Ot|e{z~ ]{yx{uh{p{qv{j~ M~ T}qwp_}~ 5~ p{q}p{ q}bw9~ Ot|e{z~ ]{yx{e{f~ Nyox|s|y~ g|~ Zrysrxrl~ oys}u b}zu}ysx}f~ n{yx{us|~ u}swxt}q}~ u}y}y~ g|yt{lx|yv{j N}zu}yss}u{~pxoi}z~YC}ny{u}x}yf~S}yx}x}yf~W{q}p{~Pus{v}y V|y~:|q~Ot|e{z~Kx}a}u$jjjX~K~imz|~u}v}y~nr~pxoi}zw }st}q}z~ Zrysrxrl~ h|gy|p{f~ M~ T}qwp~ MG00_v|z~ {s{n}y|z nr~ pxoi}zw~ n|z{tp|v{j~ Nyox|s|y~ h|gy|p{~ {p|~ n{y~ qwx} u}xt}v}z~u|zv{~u|zv{x|y{z{~\|pd|v{b~Ot|e{z~]{yx{e{z| u}swxvwj S}up{t_|~ voeyr~ {u{~ uoxv}zf~ {u{~ v|g~ z|d{yv{~ }u}zj ]{y{p{~ ]|l{us}l_s}zf~ n{y{p{~ W}y}hd}z|_v|zj~ ]}qy}ux}yf b}zu}ysx}yf~ pxoi}zx}yx}9~ qmymq|y|uf~ uol}y}uf~ vry}y}uf aol}y}u~}uwqoyx}yvwj~]{zx|yf~ozn{zx|yf~v|y|a{ux|y~n{y{u{` qoyf~ sobx}zwqoy~ g|~ }uwqoyx}yvw~ vryprk~ vry}upwkj S}yx}n}lw~ qourlrzr~ swyt}zwb~ i{yv{~ T|s{zx|y~ v|~ t|q` v}z}j~ 7}s|z~ poz~ i{y|z~ uoys|J~ v|~ ozx}ywzu{qv{j [yu}x}ywzv}~v|e{l{u~T}oar~iyrbx}y~i|x{qoyx}yvwj~UPWZ cza|v|z~}hwux}twlsw~T}oarx}y~i|xt|p{zf~}x}z}~}xt}q}` a}ewk~ v{q|j~ T|s{zx|yv|z~ d|t|z~ pozy}~ UPWZ~ uoxxrer s}utwl~ icy|gx{x|y~ u}b}sswx}y~ i{y{l{j~ T|s{z~ n{y~ n}uswf~ n{y imk|x~i|x{za{u~s}yx}pwqvw~t|qv}zf~n{zx|ya|~uwkwxn}qy}u ymki}yv}~ p}xwz}z~ i|x{za{ux|y~ i{n{~ rk}stwl~ noqrzx}ywzw p}xwzwqoyx}yvw~z}kxw~z}kxwj~]{y~imk|xf~n{y~u}x}n}xwusw~t|q` v}zf~n{y~qmy|u~i{n{qv{f~n{y~z}nwk~i{n{jjj U}d}~S}up{t~}zwswzwz~q}zwz}~i|xt|t{lx|yv{~u{~n{y` v|z~b}sx}vw~p{x}dx}yj~T|qv}zv}u{~v|g{z~qmy|u~}swlx}ywzw n}pswyvw~ p{x}d~ s}yy}u}x}ywj~ K~ n|q}k~ I|z}rxsx}yv}z~ n{y{ hwusw~ oys}q}j~ V}z{~ MG0=_x|y{z~ oys}x}ywzv}z~ n|y{~ box{p{z q}qiwz~ ox}y}u~ urxx}zvwew9~ }vw~ G=_xw~ qwxx}yv}~ u}hwywxwb u}sx|v{x|zx|yx|~}zwx}z~o~t|lrt~n|q}k~y|z}rxsx}yv}z~n{y{ Wwy}p|xg{x|y_v|z~ hwuswf~ t|qv}zw~ s}y}q}y}u~ n{y~ sry~ }swb :{lx{~qczmz|~voeyr~ickv|z~wy}vw~i{ss{j~U}d}~p{x}d~p|px|y{ vrqrxry~vrqrxt}k~q|y|~}sswx}y~u|zv{x|y{z{~Yq}swzX~v{q| n}ewy}y}uj~Kzx}yw~icy|z~v{e|yx|y{~v|~q}z{~d|qu|x{z~oy}v} gryrx}z~oxt}vwqp}~o~imzf~d|yu|p~u|zv{z{~q|y|~}sswewz` v}zvwyj ]{y~q}zwzv}~Py\}z_x}~Z}t{x~g}yvw~T|s{z_{z~S}up{t T|qv}zwz}~i{y|yu|zf~v{e|y~q}zwzv}z~I|tk{_qx|~;|qx}j I|tk{_qx|~Py\}z~}qzw~{lq|y{zv|~h}xwlwqoyx}yvwf~q}z{~o~v}

93


}q}uu}nwawqvwj~L}k{okt}zb}l}_v}qvw~|gx|y{j~T|s{z~n{y q}~v}~{u{~q}l~nmqmusmj~;|qx}f~I|tk{_z{z~z{l}zxwpwqvwj~K v}~ [x{n|qucq_v|z~ i|xt{ls{f~ n{y~ uoz\|up{qoz~ }scx` q|p{zv|~ h}xwlwqoyvrj~ W{x}dx}y~ b}sx}qwza}~ Yq}swzX~ v{q| n}ewywb~q|y|~}s}yu|z~u|zv{x|y{z{f~;|qx}~b}z{ux|q{b~u}h` t}q}~h}xwltwlswj~T|s{z~d|t|z~q}u}x}qwb~q}swytwlsw~ozr v}~q|y|j~Z}xut}pwz~v{q|~v|~|zp|p{zv|z~n}pswywqoyvr~n{y |x{qx|j~[ekwzw~;|qx}_zwz~urx}ewz}~v}q}qwb~p|ys~n{y~p|px| n}ewyvwB

YW}uwz~u}xut}j~R}s~q|y|j~Roup}~gryrxryprzjX U|v{u~q}f~;|qx}~I|tk{_qx|~z{l}zxwqvw~o~k}t}z~g| p}zwywt~ p|g{qoyx}yvw~ v}~ n{yn{yx|y{z{j~ [t}~ oxt}vwf qmyms|t|v{x|yj~R}l}t~d|y~n{y{z{~n}lu}~n{y~q}z}~p}gry` vrj~T|s{z_{z~qoxr~I|tk{_qx|~v}d}~pozy}~b|u~hou~v|\} u|p{ls{f~ }t}~ ;|qx}_qwf~ n{y~ v}d}~ icy|t|v{j~ 7}s|z~ d|b ncqx|v{yj~[qzw~qoxx}yv}~}qzw~}t}hx}yw~{h{z~qmymq|zx|y{z qoxx}yw~n{y~imz~trsx}u}~u|p{l{yf~d}ss}~n{yx|l{yj~I|tk{_qx| T|s{z_{zu{~v|~ncqx|~oxvrj T|s{z_{z~ urx}ewz}~ n}ewyt}pwzv}z~ pozy}~ ;|qx} n{y}k~ p}u{zx|lp|~ v|f~ d|zmk~ img|z|t{qoyf~ |zp|p{zv|u{ |x{qx|~n}pswyt}q}~v|g}t~|v{qoyvrj~]{y~q}zv}z~v}~ick` x|y{qx|~ vcys~ n{y~ q}zw~ s}ywqoyf~ z}pwx~ urysrx}n{x{yf~ z|x|y q}b}ywk~ v{q|~ n{y~ hwuwl~ qoxr~ }ywqoyvrj~ I|tk{_q|f Ypmymz|y|u~{x|yx|q|x{tX~v|v{f~Wwy}p|xg{x|y~i{y{l{z{~{l}y|s |v|y|uj~F}pwx~oxvrqp}~oxtrlf~Z}t{x_x|~Py\}z_v}z~uob` trlsrf~ozx}yw~icy|t{qoyvrj~Pxu~lour~}sx}swb~v}d}~t}z` swuxw~v}gy}zt}q}~n}lx}q}z~;|qx}_qw~v}~}y}x}ywz}~}x}y}u pmymzt|q|~n}lx}vwx}yj~]r~pwy}v}~poxv}f~n{y}k~{x|yv|~n{y p{x}d~ icy|z~ T|s{zf~ I|tk{_q|~ Yp{k~ {x|yx|q{zX~ v|q{b~ o q}z}~vczvmj~M=`M.~t|sy|~pmymz|y|u~p{x}d}~rx}lsw9~uozs` yox~|ss{j~Uoxrqvrj~Ox{zv|~M6_xm~]yo'x{zi_x|~pmymz|y|u Wwy}p|xg{x|y_{z~ i{y{l{zv|~ u|zv{p{z{~ n|ux|q|z~ I|tk{~ {x| ;|qx}_zwz~q}zwz}~i|xv{e{zv|~I|tk{_z{z~|x{zv|u{~p{x}dw icyvmj~ F|y|v|z~ }xtwlsw~ n{xt{qoyvrj~ R}~ i|x{yu|z mk|y{zv|qv{~|x{z|~}xtwlsw~q}~v}~u|zv{p{~i{n{~n{y{x|y{z{z s}lwt}q}~ uoyurb~ }sswew~ p{x}dx}yv}z~ n{y{z|~ v|~ o~ y}ps` i|xt{ls{j S}up{t~T|qv}zwz}~hwu}xw~oz~v}u{u}~q}~oxtrlf~q} oxt}twlswf~ }t}~ q}l}z}zx}y}~ n}uwxwyp}~ qwxx}y~ i|ht{l i{n{qv{j~ [k~ cza|u{~ S}up{t~ i{st{lf~ q|y{z|~ n}lu}~ n{y

94

t|qv}z~ i|xt{ls{~ p}zu{j~ Kzx}y~ t|qv}z}~ i{y|yu|z~ s}t u}ylwv}~ [ZT_z{z~ cz~ a|bd|p{z{~ u}bx}q}zf~ n{x|e{zv|u{ k{za{yx|y{~ uob}ytwl~ n{y~ {lh{f~ t|qv}zv}u{~ qmkn{zx|y{ ura}ux}ya}pwz}~ uoxx}ywzw~ {u{~ q}z}~ }htwl~ d}quwywqoyvr b}zu}yss}zB~ Y]msmz~ 1xu|x|y{z~ Plh{x|y{~ ]{yx|l{z$jjjX T|qv}zw~voxvry}z~qmkn{zx|y~v|~nr~h}eywq}~a|g}b~g|y{` qoyvr~ }v|s}B~ Oxx|y{zv|~ b}zu}ysx}ywf~ n}qy}ux}ywf~ pxoi}z` x}ywqx}~d}quwywqoyx}yvw~s}x|bx|y{z{j~]{y~t|qv}z~v|e{xf~n{y n}qy}t~q|y{jjj~@qx|~imk|xf~cqx|~aolurzf~cqx|~icyu|tx{jjj ]{yu}h~v}u{u}~{h{zv|~d|y~l|q~}xs~mps~oxtrlf~d|y~l|q n{yn{y{z|~ u}ywltwlswj~ T|qv}zv}~ n{y~ u}pwyi}~ |pt{lf~ n{y doysrt~ n}qy}ux}ywf~ b}zu}ysx}yw~ b}yh}x}qwb~ n{yn{y{z| u}ywlswyvwus}z~ pozy}~ q|yx|y|~ p}grytrl~ i{n{qv{j~ Ky}q} nry}q}~ p}gyrxtrl~ n}qy}ux}ywzf~ b}zu}ysx}ywz~ mk|y{zv| l{tv{~ b}zk|yx|y~ vox}lwqoy9~ p}ev}~ poxv}~ {zx|q|z q}y}xwx}ywz~ q}yvwt~ {ps|q|z~ hwexwux}yw~ {l{s{x{qoyvrj~ Pzs|y` aozs{z|zs}x_{z~d|t|z~q}zwzv}~s}t~Z}k}zaw~qourlrzrz o~ v}y}awu~ i{y{l{zv|qp|~ {zp}zx}y~ mpsmps|~ qwewxtwl9~ p}zu{ nmsmz~ t|qv}zv}~ |p{b~ p}gry}z~ doysrtf~ sobx}vwew~ z| g}yp}~d|bp{z{~i|s{y{b~nr~v}y}awu~i{y{l|~nol}xstwlj~V}z{ n{y~y|p{t~g}yvwy~U|x}ayo{%_rz~YckimyxmuX~s}nxoprj~M464 n}y{u}sx}ywf~{lh{x|y~gryrxtrl~mps~mps|~q}s}yx}yf~n{y~u}vwzf n}lwzv}~uwytwkw~\y{iq}~n|y|p{~|x{zv|~uwkwx~n}qy}u~g|~{u{ q}zwzv}~i|zh~{lh{`p}g}lhwx}yj~Pls|~nr~s}nxov}u{~u}vwzx} i|zh~p}g}lhwx}yw~hwu}ywzf~i|y{q|~u}x}z~o~gryrxtrl~{lh{` x|yv|z~ oxrl}z~ o~ n}y{u}sf~ l{tv{~ nry}q}f~ Z}k}zaw Rourlrzrz~n}lwz}~uryrxtrlsrj V|bp{z{z~mpsmzv|qp|f~t|qv}zv}u{~b}z{e{~v}d}~v} }ysswyt}u~ {ps|ya|p{z|~ n}ewy}z~ box{p~ p{y|zx|y{jjj~ W{x}dx}y prpp}~v}~p{y|zx|y~v|g}t~|v{qoyjjj T|s{zf~|x{zv|~}k~cza|~q|yv|z~}xvwew~p{x}dx}~}q}e} u}xutwlf~ickx|y{qx|~nmsmz~t|qv}zw~s}ywqoyf~}v|s}~vrg}y` x}ywz~cs|p{z{~icyt|q|~h}xwlwqoyvrj~Roxv}lx}ywzwf~Py\}zx}yw }ywqoyvrj~ Z{tp|q{~ icy|t|q{za|~ Pps{ux}x~ D}vv|p{z| qcz|xv{j~]{y~}vwt~}sswj~I|tk{~uoxrzv}z~q}u}x}vwj YUryj~F|y|q|EX T|s{z~{xu~v|\}~icymqoytrl~i{n{~n}usw~I|tk{_q|j YPy\}zx}ywf~qoxv}lx}yw~nrxt}t~i|y|uX YKzx}y~ S}yx}n}lw_zwz~ }y}q}~ i{yv{x|yv{~ poz icyvmemtv|~ n{k{tu{x|yx|~ n|y}n|yj~ V|bp{~ v|~ {q{qv{j V}v{f~n{k~v|~i{v|x{t~nry}v}zjX 1hm~ n|y}n|y~ Wwy}p|xg{x|y_v|z~ }l}ewq}~ voeyr~ dwkx} {zv{x|yj~:}z~p{z|t}pwzwz~i{y{l{zv|~u}x}n}xwu~qwewxtwlswj S}t~u}bwv}~Py\}z_x}~u}ylwx}lswx}yj YPh|y{~ i{yt|q{z~ {ps|yp|z{kj~ R}y}xwx}yw~ s}lwtwlx}yj S}zwvwu~ u{tp|~ g}y~ tw~ v{q|~ n}uswtj~ Z{tp|q{~ s}zwq}` t}vwtjX ]{yx{us|~ vczt|q|~ u}y}y~ g|yv{x|yj~ Vwkx} C{yrk}e}_v}z~ Sobd}z|_q|~ voeyr~ i{v|yu|z~ n{yv|z~ vry` vrx}yj~ Kzx}y~ {x|yx|v{uh|~ czx|y{zv|u{~ u}x}n}xwu~ {u{q| q}ywxwqoyf~p}zu{~ozx}y}~qox~g|y{qoyvrj~Py\}z~{u{p{z|~n{y` v|z~p|px|zv{j YWourz~ lr~ p{x}dx}yw~ n|x{z{k|j~ Ox{z{kv|~ p{x}df~ s}n{ ncqx|~oxryjX

Güz ‘11


I|tk{_qx|~ T|s{z~ n{yn{yx|y{z|~ n}uswx}yj~ V{hn{y~ l|q v|t|v|z~ p{x}dx}yw~ u|t|yx|y{z|~ pwuwlswyvw~ {u{p{~ v|j F|y|v|qp|~ M~ p}}ss|z~ n|y{~ |xx|y{zv|~ p{x}d~ oy}v}z~ oy}q} uolsryrb~vrytrlx}yvwj~V}v{~u|zv{x|y{~z|qp|~v|~z|~;|qx} n{y~l|q~v|t{ls{~nr~uozrv}~z|~v|~Py\}zj~W{x}d~p}zu{~n{yv` |z~ ox}e}zx}ltwlswj~ Sobd}z|_v|z~ Z}y}ucq_|f Ot{zczm_z|~ u}v}y~ d{h~ vryt}v}z~ uol}y~ }vwt~ i{ss{x|yj ;|qx}~{x|~I|tk{~[x{n|qucq~}y}n}pwz}~n{z{b~i{v|a|ux|y` v{j~Py\}z_w~v}~h}ewyvw~I|tk{j YV}v{~ n{k|~ i{v|x{tj~ [zz|t~ z|~ k}t}zvwy~ poyrb vryrqoy~p|z{jX YKxryf~i{v|x{tX~v|v{j~T|s{z_|~vczvmf~Y]{y~l|q~g}y tw~qoxv}lEX YZ}t{x~ z|y|v|E~ U{e|y~ qoxv}lx}yv}z~ d}n|y{z~ g}y twEX~ YPq{x|y~{q{x|yj~T|y}u~|st|f~S}yx}n}lw_zv}~}qywxvwuj Kzx}y~ R|z{l|d{y_|~ {zv{x|yf~ Z}t{x~ |g|~ i{v|a|us{j~ U{e|y qoxv}lx}y~k}s|z~Kut|qv}zw_z}~i{v{qoyx}yvwjX YW|x{tx|yv|z~d}n|y{z~g}y~twEX YOz~ poz~ icyvmemtv|~ {q{x|yv{f~ }t}~ z|~ q}bswx}y n{xt{qoyrtjX [qywxvwx}yj~Py\}zf~I|tk{~g|~;|qx}~osonmp~vry}ux}yw` z}~qcz|x{yu|z~T|s{z~S}ds}u}x|_q|~v}xvwj ### T|s{z~ q{z|~ v|~ t|y}u~ |v{qoyvrj~ R}~ pozy}~ n{y~ l|q oxtrlp}E~ ]|x{zv|u{~ p{x}dx}~ oy}v}z~ oy}q}~ uolt}qw~ v} d{h~ {ps|t{qoyvrj~ Vwkxw~ n{y~ qmymqmlx|~ S}ds}u}x|_v|z ]|q}kws_}f~ oy}v}z~ v}~ Z}vwyi}_q}~ i|hs{j~ Kyd}z~ nrimz vmuu}zv}~ ox}a}uswj~ V|y~ {ds{t}x|~ u}ylw~ Kyd}z_w~ i|y{v| zcn|ss|~ nwy}utwlx}yvwj~ ]}lw~ pwuwl}z~ oz}~ vcz|a|us{j~ M T}qwp_}~nr~u}v}y~d|q|a}zx}f~p}nwypwkxwux}~d}kwyx}zvwew d}xv|~ ozr~ i|y{v|~ n|ux|t|q|~ {uz}~ |st|x|y{~ tmtumz oxt}twlf~ pozrzv}~ T|s{z~ poyrzr~ s}x{t}sx}~ hckt|u koyrzv}~ u}xtwlswj~ Umz~ }ul}t~ Kyd}z~ V}p}z~ }ta}q} Y]}n}f~q}ywz~n|z~}h}ywt~vmuu}zwf~{ps|yp|z~p|z~i|xt|X v|v{e{zv|~ V}p}z~ }ta}~ cza|~ nr~ {l{z~ {h{zv|~ n{y~ {l~ g}y v{q|~{lu{xx|zp|~v|f~nrimz~n{y~q|y|~i{st|q|a|u~oxt}pwz} p|g{zt{lf~d{h~{s{y}k~|st|v|z~}z}ds}yx}yw~rk}stwlswj T|s{z~ vmuu}zwz~ oy}q}~ i|x{za|~ |sy}\w~ n{y~ uox}h}z |ss{us|z~ pozy}~ {h|y{q|~ i{yv{j~ Kyd}z~ s|ki}dwz~ }yu}pwzv} osrytrlf~u{s}nwz}~v}xtwlswj~Z}\}pwzw~u}xvwywb~v}~t|s{z{ icymza|f~s}}~ickn|n|ux|y{z|~u}v}y~q}qwx}z~uoa}t}z~n{y imxmtp|t|~i|xv{~osryvr~pry}swz}j Y<ou~t|y}u~|ss{u~qoxv}l$~F|y|v|~u}xvwzEX Y]|z~{q{q{t~qoxv}lj~W|z~qoxv}lx}yv}z~d}n|y~g|yjX YW|zf~ Py\}z~ g|~ Z}t{x~ vwlwzv}~ d|yu|p~ {q{j~ W|z pcqx|jX YPy\}z~ v}~ {q{j~ [k~ cza|~ }qywxvwuj~ Z}t{x_{ S}up{t_v|z~}qywxvwus}z~pozy}~icytmlf~{q{qt{lj~U|t|u nry}q}~i|xt|v{jX Y]{k{tu{x|y~p|z{~|gv|~n|ux{qoyx}yj~Ury~u}b}s}qwt v}~n|y}n|y~hwu}xwtjX Umuu}zw~u}b}swb~d|t|z~|g|~hwuswx}yj~Z}bwqw~}h}z T|yq|t~ T|s{z_{z~ noqzrz}~ p}ywxvwj~ Ph|y{~ i{yv{x|yj

Güz ‘11

V|yu|p~y}d}s~n{y~z|\|p~}xvwj~]r~p}}s|~u}v}y~d{h~t|y}u |st|t{lx|yv{f~t|y}u~{h{zv|qv{x|yj~Ksryrb~uwp}a}~uozrl` srx}yf~n{xi{~}xwl~g|y{l{~q}bwxvwj Y[h~twpwz~oexrtE~R|t|u~q|v{z~t{EX V}s{a|~ }z}zwz~ poyrpr~ T|s{z_|~ }hxwewzw~ d}swyx}sswj W}n}ds}z~n|y{~d{hn{y~l|q~q|t|t{ls{j YV|t~ v|~ z}pwxj~ W}n}ds}z~ n|y{~ d{hn{y~ l|q~ q|t|` v{tjX Y[d}~nrzx}y~v}~cqx|j~W|z~i|x|z|~u}v}y~potrysrb osryvrx}yj~ L|xv{z~ v|~ qmkx|y{~ }hwxvwj~ V}kwyx}q}qwt po\y}qw~v}~d|b~n|y}n|y~q{q|x{tjX T|s{z~ q|t|us|z~ pozy}~ \}kx}~ osryt}vwj~ ]|x{zv|u{ p{x}dw~ u{tp|q|~ \}yu~ |ss{yt|v|z~ W|x{t_|~ }us}yvwus}z pozy}~u}xuswj YOg|~i{st|t~x}kwtj~]{k{t~;}k_w~t|y}u~|v{qoyrtj V|t~ o~ v}~ n{k{~ t|y}u~ |v{qoyvryjX~ Zrtu}bw_v}z~ sy|z| }sx}vwj~ Sy|zv|z~ {zv{e{zv|~ d}g}~ {q{a|~ u}y}ytwlf~ }ul}t hcutmlsmj~ [za}u~ d}g}~ hou~ imk|xv{j~ &xwu~ n{y~ n}d}y }ul}tw~ oxt}pwz}~ y}et|z~ nrimz~ ox}zx}ywz~ qmkmzv|z d|yu|p~|yu|zv|z~|gx|y{z|~h|u{xt{l~pou}ux}y~z|y|v|qp| nol}xtwlswj~ Zoz}ewz~ pou}ewz}~ i{y|yu|zf~ ucl|v|~ }k u}xpwz~Z}t{x_x|~h}ybwlwqoyx}yvwj~Z}t{x~pwyswz}~n{y~u}brs i{qt{lf~ dwkxw~ }vwtx}yx}~ qmymqoyvrj~ Z}brs~ v|v{qp|uf u}xwz~tw~u}xwzf~rkrz~n{y~u}brs~Aj~Umzq}~W}g}lwzw~}zx}` s}z~\{xtx|yv|~Wogq|sx|y~]{yx{e{_z|~p}xvwy}z~\}l{ps~[xt}z }pu|yx|y{z{z~ i{qv{ux|y{z|~ n|zk|y~ n{y~ l|qv{j~ Zwl~ imzm rqur~ srxrtr~ z{q|s{z|~ i{y~ {h{z|~ q}sj~ Pls|~ Z}t{x_{z~ nr d}g}v}~i{qv{e{~Z}brs~nrqvrj Y]r~z|~d}x~qoxv}lE~V}ps}~twpwzE~]r~d}g}v}~ncqx| i{q{x{y~t{E~F|y|q|EX~ [yu}~ }yu}q}~ pwy}x}z}z~ poyrx}ywz~ d{h~ n{y{z|~ a|g}b g|yt|v{~Z}t{xj YRou~ n{y~ l|q~ qoxv}lj~ V}v{~ |g|~ i{v|x{tj~ Ky}v} uozrlryrkjX Z}t{x~S}up{t_v|~p{x}dx}y~b}sx}vwus}z~pozy}~b}z{u hwuwb~ oys}xwu~ u}ywlwza}~ Py\}zx}yx}~ n{yx{us|~ S}yx}n}lw_zwz }y}~ pou}ux}ywzv}z~ }l}ewq}f~ R|z{l|d{y_|~ u}v}y~ {zt{ls{j Py\}z~v{e|yx|y{z{~nrxt}u~{h{z~q|z{v|z~S}up{t_|~hwuwza}f u|zv{p{~ v|~ :{lx{~ s}y}\wzv}z~ i|x|zx|yx|~ Kut|qv}zw_z} hwutwlf~ oy}v}z~ v}~ Sobu}bw~ mk|y{zv|z~ |g|~ vcztmlsmj W}}sx|ya|~ n|ux|v{us|z~ pozy}~ v}d}~ \}kx}~ v}q}z}t}twlf |gv|~z|~u}v}y~p{x}d~g}yp}~url}ztwlf~mpsmz|~v|~u}brsr i{q{b~ hwutwlswj~ U}d}~ pou}ewz~ ucl|p{z{~ vcz|yu|z T|s{z_x|~ u}ylwx}ltwlx}yvwj~ Og|~ g}ywb~ {h|y{~ i{yv{us|z pozy}~ u}brsr~ hwu}yvwj~ T|s{z~ l}luwzxwus}z~ uoa}t}z }hwxtwl~ickx|y{qx|~poyvrB Y]r~z|~qoxv}lE~F|y|q|~ncqx|EX YF|y|q|~ox}a}u~qoxv}l~p}g}l}jX

95


0/.25*3%/3

#&),"02-.&.5/#+),))-)&)50+0'.54,4-4+33+-45+4,5+( (2/45$3,5+0,0'..+/.111525#* '#,0&05$42 4'3-/31115*35#2)25/3-32/425*#2)%0+.5&,4242/35#11153245/#&/)&)5 0%02. %)'-)5*.-02/.1115!'(2-(&(5+0,0'.%.2.25 42"32-3&32/4+/31115%4&350,/.532!02.25(!'(2/4 45!4"3+35*44/425$4-*35/453-*532!02/.5#111545#5$('(2502-.-0,50,0!.2/053-*5*-4 #-02/.1115454"4%42-3*54-5/4&3'3,/3&32/45'0,35+0 .%.5+42350&.25%)3/32454,3-/3111 4%35+423/425+0 .-/.111545"4-44*5!.2.-0,05$-(2/(11150%05$3,54*%4&325$-(2(( "3$35/4&3-1115 0/.25*3%/3

5*0+$4/42-4,3250/.5#-/)11154,/425+4,45),)-/)1115 024'-35!0+.-/.1115.-0205$42 4'3-/3111 44'32542',3*02.25%4-4&35/423-/31115 0/.-.*5!.0'.5)+")25",(-/(11154/4235"3$35,)) /0500&.-02/.11154,+( (2/45$3,5'02,.0+*425*0,02-.*-0,-05,'(-(5*0+.5$3,5+( /(50,'.*1 453 354,54+/425!3-32/311154,3+45$3,5'4*54%4&3545/#&),"02-.&.5*0-/.1115 Sena Demir


FARKINDALIK â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;â&#x20AC;&#x2122;Hey, sen...â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Sesi kadar gerçekti algÄąâ&#x20AC;Ś Kimi zaman deÄ&#x;iĹ&#x;kendi; ama hissettirirdi. Ä°sabet noktasÄą Ĺ&#x;aĹ&#x;mazdÄą. Sokak kapÄąsÄą açĹlÄąr, baÄ&#x;ÄąrÄąĹ&#x;lar dolardÄą tahta eve, Delik delik sevgi sÄązardÄą çßrĂźmĂźĹ&#x; tahtalardan Dilenirdik sevgiyeâ&#x20AC;Ś Zaman acÄąmasÄązdÄą, koĹ&#x;arak ilerlerdi çßnkĂź YankÄąlarÄąyla çaÄ&#x;rÄąĹ&#x;Äąm yapardÄą bĂźyĂźmek Ă&#x2021;ocuklar hep kimsesizdiâ&#x20AC;Ś ErgenliÄ&#x;e geçiĹ&#x; gibiydi zaman. TekrarlarÄą oynardÄą. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;â&#x20AC;&#x2122;Erkek olsaydÄąmâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;&#x2122; cĂźmlesiyle baĹ&#x;lardÄą gĂźn burada. Tatmin olmayan tan, aÄ&#x;armazdÄą yoksaâ&#x20AC;Ś Birey olmak sebeplere baÄ&#x;lanÄąrdÄą. AcÄąydÄąâ&#x20AC;Ś EksiÄ&#x;i vardÄą elbet dĂźĹ&#x;Ăźncelerin, Tek-tĂźk insanlar vardÄą. Her bir dertten aÄ&#x;lamayÄą terk edilmeye sayarlardÄą. Gelenek-gĂśrenek, saygÄą vardÄą. Sevilmeyeni sevmek, BĂźyĂźklĂźÄ&#x;e el-pençe olmaktandÄąâ&#x20AC;Ś â&#x20AC;&#x153;Ă&#x2021;ĂźnkĂźâ&#x20AC;?sĂź vardÄą cĂźmlelerin, BaÄ&#x;laçlarÄą tanÄądÄąktÄąâ&#x20AC;Ś Hora geçerdi uzun cĂźmleler hep, Ama; VirgĂźller olmazsa burada yaĹ&#x;am zayi olurduâ&#x20AC;Ś

Melike Ă&#x2013;zbayram

1HAJKMJ>MI B0CBF7CAF=DBC.=DF=D@CF7CAF=E@0EB>B ?>9>9EF-C3F1<AE6E6E;>=>AFE4@E9E6E6E?::: !3CB=DBF?/3/?F7CAF=E6@E;>B>FE@>A 6CBC?F7CAF;EB=E@EF?5B<?FD=DA;CBF(B)D:: '5BAEF9E1E2F9E1E2FE4>AFE4>A 5F=E@0E9>FD@DF0D3CACAF1DF-E,;D=DA;CB:: &(9@D)DF;E?@EA;>BF-DA?D;8DB 1DF-E88EF?DB=CB=DB:: /B?/F7C@CA;CB::

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

(KĂ&#x153;BRA CILIZ)

GĂźz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11

\!>\I\C\C\R

%C6F7C@CAF7D@?CF=D CBC?F7CAF?D@D7D4CB &CAF-E8E@>?F9E2E6>BEF<6<8@EF7E?>, <=E?@EA>BEF?5B=<A=<4< 0/@/6;D6D=DF0C.@C=CAFE4@E9E6E6E?:::

97


$>?KO6?8KLFNI>LO %NNJO7JHNINO+GHFMIGIODIMCBFNEN Serkan Engin

@

vmx~ s}x|b~ |v|z` x|y{z~ g}yxwewqx}f cvmx~ g|y|zx|y{z l{{y~|yu{~oxrlryf~oqp}~l{{y trd}x{\~ vry}z*vryt}pw i|y|u|z~ g|~ l{{y~ |yu{ n}ls}~ oxt}u~ mk|y|~ d|y smyxm~|yu|~trd}x{\~s}gwy p|yi{x|t|p{~ i|y|u|z~ n{y oxirvryj~[za}u~nr~l|u` {xv|~ p}z}swz~ |x|ls{yt|f poyirx}t}~g|~sobxrtp}x v|g{zi|zx{e|~u}suw~{lx|` g{~ i|yh|ux|ls{y{x|n{x{yj :{{y~ |yu{z|~ s}n{~ oxt}uf b|u)x)~ box{s{u~ |yu|~ s}n{ oxt}qw~v}~i|s{y{y~u{~l}{y ckz|f~box{s{u~|yu{~|x{zv| nrxrzvry}zx}yf~ u|zv{ {v|oxoJ{u~ }xiwpwzv}~ oxp} v}d{~ sobxrtrz~ trd}x{\ p|p{~ oxt}u~ }vwz}f p}z}swz~ g|~ vox}qwpwqx} l{{y{z~|x|ls{yt|*poyirx}` t}*sobxrtp}x~ v|g{z` i|zx{e|~ u}suw~ {lx|g{ }hwpwzv}z~box{s{u~|yus|z rk}u~ vryt}xwvwyj Uox}qwpwqx}~ l{{y~ cvmxm prz}z~ q}~ v}~ s}x|b~ |v|z l}{yx|yf~ |z~ n}ls}z p}z}swz~ g|~ l{{y{z~ s|t|x q}bwpwz}f~ }px{~ {lx|g{z|f n{y{za{x~z{s|x{e{z|~}quwyw d}y|u|s~|v|yx|yj

@

vmxx|zv{yt|uf~mps~uozrtrzv}u{~n{y{~q}~v}~n{y{x|y{z{zf~}ps~uozrtrzv}u{~n{y{ q}~v}~n{y{x|y{z|~cgim~xmsr\~|st|p{v{yj~R}z{~d|y~l|qv|z~cza|~{u{~n{y|q~}y}pwz` v}~d{q|y}yl{~ury}y~u{f~d{q|y}yl{~{zp}z{~v|e{xv{yf~vox}qwpwqx}~cvmxx|zv{yt|u~g| cvmx~n|ux|t|u~v|~{zp}z{~n{y~|qx|t~v|e{xv{yj~ W}d{n{zv|z~ v}d}~ voeyrpr~ u|zv{p{z{~ p}d{n{~ ox}y}u~ icy|z~ {zp}zv}z~ oz}~ rqirz |qx|t~p|yi{x|v{e{~{h{z~n{y~ucb|e{z~YcvmxX~n|ux|t|p{f~u|zv{~q}bwpw~}hwpwzv}z~}zx}lwx}` n{x{y~n{y~vryrtvryf~oqp}~{zp}z{~|qx|t{z~s|t|x~cxhmsmf~d|yu|p|~ick~d{k}pwzv}~n}uwb u}xb~d{k}pwzv}~p|g|n{xt|uf~q}z{~u{tp|q{~mps~q}~v}~}ps~p}qt}t}uf~d|yu|p{~u|zv{qx| |l{s~ vmkx|tv|~ icymb~ nrz}~ icy|~ d}y|u|s~ |st|us{yj~ Kqp}~ cvmx~ n|ux|v{e{z{k~ k}t}zf osot}s{ut}z~cvmx~g|y|z~ckz|x|y{~mpsf~u|zv{z{k{~}ps~uozrtrz}~i|s{y{yp{z{kf~u|zv{z{k{ |l{sx{u~h{ki{p{z{z~}xswz}f~cvmx~g|y|z~ckz|x|y{~v|~h{ki{z{z~mpsmz|~h|u|yp{z{kf~q}z{~\wy` x}swx}z~ sobr~ p}d{n{z|~ i|s{yv{e{~ {h{z~ cvmx~ ox}y}u~ uryr~ t}t}~ n|ux|q|z~ ucb|us|z \}yuwzwk~u}xt}kj~ ]r~}hwv}z~|x|~}xwzvwewzv}f~s|u~s|u~l{{yx|y|~q}~v}~l{{y~vopq}x}yw~g|q}~l{{y~u{s}bx}yw` z}~g|y{x|z~cvmxx|y{z~d|t~cvmx~s}x|b~|v|zf~d|t~v|~cvmx~g|y|zx|y~}hwpwzv}zf~{zp}zwz {zp}z}~ mpsmzxmemzmz~ ox}t}q}a}ewf~ }y}x}ywzv}~ d{q|y}yl{~ uryrxt}t}pw~ i|y|us{e{ s|t|x{zv|u{~{zp}z{~ck|~}quwywxwew~oys}q}~hwu}yj~ @vmx~g|y|z~ckz|x|yf~Yprz}zX~s}y}\~oxvrerf~cvmx~s}x|b~|v|zx|yx|~}y}x}ywzv}~uryr` x}z~d{q|y}yl{u~q}bwv}~YmpsX~uozrtrzv}~oxvrux}yw~{h{z~n{y~|yu~imam~|xv|~|v|yx|yj~Swbuw {ps|v{e{~|qx|t{~q}b}z~ucb|e|~uryr~t}t}~Yprz}zX~g|~cvmx~s}x|b~|v|z~ucb|e|~u}ylw YmpsX~ ~ uozrtrzv}~ nrxrz}z~ Yp}d{bX~ {zp}zwz~ vryrtrzv}u{~ i{n{j~ Uox}qwpwqx}~ n{y~ l{{y cvmxm~}xt}qw~s}x|b~|v|zx|yf~cvmx~g|y|zx|y|f~nr~s}x|bx|y{qx|~n{y~|yu~}x}zw~p}ex}y~g|~nr }x}z}~s}n{~oxryx}yj~Nox{s{u~n}ex}tv}~v}~|yu{~q}y}s}zf~i|z|~u|zv{~n}lx}ywzv}~n{y~box{s{u |yu~ nrxrzt}pwzw~ s}x|b~ |v|zx|yv{y~ k}s|zj~ [za}u~ sobxrtv}u{~ n{y|qx|y~ |yub|y|psx{e{ }lt}q}~n}lx}vwuh}f~pwzw\pwk~n{y~vmzq}~uryrxt}pw~qczmzv|~}vwtx}y~}swx}n{x{yj~ @vmx~s}x|b~|v|zx|y{z~g}yxwewqx}f~cvmx~g|y|zx|y{z~l{{y~|yu{~oxrlry9~oqp}~l{{y~trd}x{\ vry}z*vryt}pw~ i|y|u|z~ g|~ l{{y~ |yu{~ n}ls}~ oxt}u~ mk|y|~ d|y~ smyxm~ |yu|~ trd}x{\~ s}gwy p|yi{x|t|p{~i|y|u|z~n{y~oxirvryj~[za}u~nr~l|u{xv|~p}z}swz~|x|ls{yt|f~poyirx}t}~g| sobxrtp}x~v|g{zi|zx{e|~u}suw~{lx|g{~i|yh|ux|ls{y{x|n{x{yj~:{{y~|yu{z|~s}n{~oxt}uf~b|u)x) box{s{u~ |yu|~ s}n{~ oxt}qw~ v}~ i|s{y{y~ u{~ l}{y~ ckz|f~ box{s{u~ |yu{~ |x{zv|~ nrxrzvry}zx}yf u|zv{~{v|oxoJ{u~}xiwpwzv}~oxp}~v}d{~sobxrtrz~trd}x{\~p|p{~oxt}u~}vwz}f~p}z}swz~g| vox}qwpwqx}~l{{y{z~|x|ls{yt|*poyirx}t}*sobxrtp}x~v|g{zi|zx{e|~u}suw~{lx|g{~}hwpwzv}z box{s{u~|yus|z~rk}u~vryt}xwvwyj~Uox}qwpwqx}~l{{y~cvmxm~prz}z~q}~v}~s}x|b~|v|z~l}{yx|yf |z~ n}ls}z~ p}z}swz~ g|~ l{{y{z~ s|t|x~ q}bwpwz}f~ }px{~ {lx|g{z|f~ n{y{za{x~ z{s|x{e{z|~ }quwyw d}y|u|s~|v|yx|yj R}z{~l{{y~cvmxm~g|yt|u~q}~v}~}xt}uf~d|y~{u{~s}y}\~{h{z~v|~d|t~{zp}z{~ck|~d|t~v| p}z}swz~g|~l{{y{z~s|t|x~z{s|x{e{z|~}quwyw~n{y~|qx|tv{yj ]ry}q}~u}v}yu{~l{{y~cvmxm~{yv|x|t|p{f~{v|}x{k|~|v{xt{lf~q}z{~u|zv{~{h{zv|~srs}yxw g|~ u|zv{~ uoqvrer~ h{ki{x|y~ v}d{x{zv|~ cvmx~ g|y|z~ cvmx~ t|u}z{kt}x}yw~ n}k~ }xwz}y}u q}bwxtwlswyj~R}z{f~l{{y~cvmxm~prz}z~s}y}\wzf~u|zv{~{xu|x|y{z{~oys}q}~uoqrb~nr~{xu|x|y| rqirz~ ox}y}u~ cvmx~ s}x|b~ |v|y|u~ l{{yx|y{z{~ iczv|y|zx|y{z~ |p|yx|y{z{f~ l{{y~ p}z}swzwz imzmtmkv|u{~z|pz|x~cxhmsx|y{f~l{{y~cvmxm~l}ysz}t|p{z{z~{h|y{e{~g|~|e|y~g}yp}~}vwz} cvmx~g|y{x|z~l}{y{z~bo|s{u~}xiwpwz}~b}y}x|xx{u~s|t|x{zv|~v|e|yx|zv{yv{e{~g}yp}qwxt}u` s}vwyj~Kqp}~u{~by}s{us|~vryrtrz~ncqx|~oxt}vwewf~l{{yx|~}k~hou~{x{zs{p{~nrxrz}z~d|yu|p s}y}\wzv}z~ n{x{zt|us|v{yj~ L|ht{ls|z~ nrimz|f~ l{{y~ cvmxx|y{z{z~ g|y{xt|p{zv|~ q}l}z}z b|u~ hou~ oxrtprkxrerz~ g}yxwew~ pmy|ux{~ imzv|t|~ i|xt{ls{yj~ @vmxx|y{z~ g|y{xt|p{zv| l|qd`tmy{sf~ n}n}`oerxf~ }dn}b~ h}grl~ d}ss}~ p|gi{x{`t|sy|p~ {x{lu{x|y{z{z~ n|x{yx|q{a{ oxvrer~q}~v}~b}y}~cvmxm~ox}z~u{t{~cvmxx|y{z~|uozot{u~v|ps|u~}t}hxw~ox}y}u~vryrtr

98

Güz ‘11


ucsm~ox}z~g|~|xn|ss|~Ys}zwvwuf~|l`vopsX~l}{y|~g|y{xv{e{ q}~v}~popq}x{ps~n{y~l}{y~}vwz}~uoztrl~n{y~cvmxmz~bops` tov|yz{ps~ n{y~ l}{y|~ g|y{xt|p{~ i{n{~ cvmxmz~ u|zv{p{z{ d{hx|q|z~ |qx|tx|yf~ pwuh}~ g|~ pmy|ux{~ q}l}zt}us}vwyj R}z{~ l{{y~ cvmxm~ s}x|b~ |v|zx|y{z~ l{{y~ cvmxm~ g|y|zx|y| p}ex}vwew~l{{y~|yu{f~cvmx~g|y|z~ckz|x|y~s}y}\wzv}z~u|zv{ hwu}y~g|~u|q\{q|sx|y{z|~icy|~ucsmq|~urxx}zwxt}us}~g| {v|}x{k|~|v{xt{l~cvmx~t|u}z{kt}pwzv}z~v}d}~ucsm~n{y s}nxo~oys}q}~hwut}us}vwyj~]cqx|a|~{zp}z{~ckv|z~{q{a| rk}ux}lwx}zf~l{{y{z~umhmu~u{yx{~hwu}yx}y}~}x|s~|v{xv{e{~g| l{{y~ |yu{z{z~ imamqx|f~ l{{y{z~ g|~ l}{yx|y{z~ qczx|zv{y{xt` |q|~ h}xwlwxvwew~ n{y~ vryrt~ g}y~ oxt}us}vwyj~ @k|xx{ux| cvmx~ g|y|z~ ckz|x|y{z~ >Jmy{~ mq|x|y{z{z?~ hoerzrz~ d|y p|z|~}qzw~cvmxmz~Jmy{~mq|p{~oxt}x}ywf~d}ss}~n}kw~l}{y` x|y{z~b|u~hou~\}yuxw~cvmxmz~Jmy{~|u{n{zv|~q|y~}xt}x}ywf |v{zv{ux|y{~ l{{y~ |yu{qx|f~ u|zv{~ |iox}ywzw~ n|px|t|u }t}awqx}~tmy{s~|v{z|n{xt|x|y{z{~p}ex}t}us}~g|~ck|x` x{ux|~i|zh~l}{yx|y{zf~Jmy{z{z~bo|s{u~}xiwpwz}~rqirz~l{{y` x|y~ q}kt}x}yw~ qczmzv|~ qczx|zv{y{xt|p{~ pozrarzr~ v} voeryt}us}vwyj~]cqx|a|~Jmy{v|u{x|yf~u|zv{~l{{y~}xiwx}yw` z}~{gt|~u}k}zvwyt}~q|s{p{~|xv|~|st|us|v{yx|yf~|xn|ss| l{{y~ |yu{z{~ g}y~ |v|z~ g|~ n|px|q|z~ cvmx~ s}x|b~ |v{a{x|y p}q|p{zv|j W}z}s~|p|y{z{z~n{y~n}lu}~|p|yx|~Yq}ywlswywxt}pwX~{p| fn{y~n}lu}~g|~hou~qczxmf~v|y{zx{ux{~n{y~s}yswlt}~uozrprj KzsoxoJ{u~n}ex}tv}~d|y~p}z}s~|p|y{z~n{y{a{ux{e{~g|~n{y n}lu}~|p|y~{x|~z{s|x{up|x~}hwv}z~uwq}px}zt}pwzwz~p}u}s n{y~s}gwy~oxt}pwz}~gryir~q}b}z~D|zi{k~Lmzvoevr_zrz l{{y~ q}ywlt}x}yw*cvmxx|y{~ {x|~ {xi{x{~ q}kwx}yw~ g|~ Pozz} Zrhry}v{_z{z~Yv|e|yX~u}gy}tw~g|~Yn{y~p}z}s~|p|y{z{z v|e|yx|zv{y{xt|p{X~{x|~{xi{x{~q}kwx}ywf~nr~uozrv}~}hwt` x}qwaw~g|~s}yswlt}~}x}zwzw~i|z{lx|s{a{~ox}a}uswyj Pv|}x{k|~ |v{xt{l~ n{y~ l{{y~ Yq}ywlt}pwzv}Xf~ q}z{ u|zv{~ b}y}v{it}pw~ {h{zv|~ y|\|y}zp~ }xvwew~ box{s{u~ g| bo|s{u~ vmkx|tv|f~ Jmy{~ mq|x|y{z{zf~ l{{y{z~ z|pz|x~ cxhms` x|y{z|~ icy|~ q}ywlt}q}~ u}swx}z~ q}~ v}~ }v}q~ icps|y{x|z l{{yx|y{~ v|e|yx|zv{yt|p{~ {p|f~ |xn|ss|~ v|e|yx|zv{y|z ckz|x|y{z~ckz|x~}xiwx}ywzv}z~n}ewtpwk~ox}t}k9~hmzum d{hn{y~ z|pz|x~ }t}hxw~ v|e|yx|zv{yt|f~ ckz|x~ }xiwv}z n}ewtpwk~v|e{xv{yj~]ry}v}~Yz|pz|x~cxhmsx|yX~v|yu|zf~o p}z}s~ v{p{bx{z{z~ v{q}x|us{u~ i|y|e{~ s}y{dp|x v|e{l{t*vczmlmt~pmy|a{zv|~i|h{yv{e{~}l}t}x}y~pozr` ar~ nrimz~ i|xv{e{~ uozrtr~ {x|~ oys}q}~ hwu}z~ z{s|x{up|x ck|xx{ux|y{z|~ gryir~ q}bwxt}ux}~ n{yx{us|f~ nr~ cxhmsx|y bok{s{\~n{x{tx|yv|u{~i{n{~p}qwp}x~g|y{x|y~g|~cxhmtx|yx| potrsx}z}n{x{y~ oxt}vwewzv}zf~ Jmy{~ mq|x|y{z{z~ ckz|x }xiwx}ywz}~v}q}xw~qoyrtx}ywzwz~|p|y{z~v|e|yx|zv{y{xt|` p{z|~|su{p{~q}vpwz}t}kj ]{y~l{{y~{x|~n{y~n}lu}~l{{y{~z{s|x{up|x~ox}y}u~uwq}px}` t}uf~s|t|xv|~n{y~}sw~v{e|y{~{x|~dwk~mk|y{zv|z~uwq}px}` t}u~ {x|~ }qzw~ vmkx|tv|f~ u}b{s}x{ps~ |uozot{z{z~ y|u}` n|sh{~ }xiwpwz}~ uolrssryj~ Z}xvw~ u{~ }s~ q}ywlwzv}f~ dwk mk|y{zv|z~{u{~}swz~uwq}px}zt}pwzwz~q}ywlwf~{kx|q|zx|y{z

Güz ‘11

ckz|x~ }xiwpwzv}z~ n}ewtpwk~ z|pz|x~ n{y~ pozrar~ g}yvwyf q}z{~}sx}yv}z~n{y{~cs|u{z{~i|h|y~g|~{kx|q{a{~ckz|x|yv|z n}ewtpwk~ ox}y}u~ uwq}px}t}~ u|zv{~ pozrarzr~ voeryryj W}z}s~|p|y{z{z~Yq}ywlswywxt}pwzv}X~{p|f~{v|}x{k|~|v{xt{l n{y~ q}ywlt}v}~ v}d{f~ |p|yx|y{~ v|e|yx|zv{y|zx|y{z~ ckz|x }xiwpw~ uwq}p~ t|u}z{kt}pwz}~ v)d{x~ ox}a}ewf~ d}ss}~ }ewy n}p}a}ew~ {h{z~ uwq}px}t}zwz~ u|zv{~ z|pz|x~ pozrarzr voeryt}pwzv}z~pck~|v{x|t|kj~D|zi{k~Lmzvoevr_zrz YW}z}ss}~ Ws}y~ W{ps|t{X~ q}kwpwzv}~ >3}yxwu~ U|yi{p{f S|ttrk~ MG46?~ n|x{yss{e{~ i{n{f~ u|zv{~ q}bwpw~ i|y|e{ pmy|ux{~u)y~t}yJwzw~}ysswyt}qw~d|v|\x|q|z~u}b{s}x{kt{zf t}x~ox}y}u~icyvmem~p}z}s~|p|yx|y{z{~Yb{q}p}v}X~b}x}k` x}zvwyt}u~ {h{z~ cvmx~ u}gy}twzw~ v}~ }y}h~ ox}y}u~ urx` x}zvwewf~ n{x{z|z~ n{y~ vryrtvry~ u{~ nrzrz~ Yhou~ p}s}zX yot}z~smym~vmkx|t{zv|u{~|su{x|y{~qwxx}yvwy~icymxt|u` s|v{yj~ :{{y~ nrimz~ Yp}s}zX~ n{y~ q}kwzp}x~ smy~ v|e{x9 vox}qwpwqx}~ u}b{s}x{kt~ {h{z~ u)y~ rzpryr~ ox}y}u~ yot}z u}v}y~ {ls}d~ }hwaw~ v|e{xj~ ]rimz~ p}v|a|~ q}qwz|gx|y{z{z >z|~ }awvwy~ u{~ YpoxarX~ i|h{z|z~ u{t{~ q}qwz|gx|y{~ v| v}d{x?~ l}{y~ mk|y{zv|z~ u)y~ |xv|~ |ss{e{f~ u{s}nwz t}x{q|s{z{z~mpsmz|~qmkv|~qmk~u)y~|ux|z{b~l}{yv|z~}xw` z}y}u~ l{{y~ u{s}bx}ywzwz~ n}pwxvwew~ n{y~ Yl{{y~ u{s}nw b{q}p}pwX~g}y~u{~nr~v}~n{y~n}lu}~v|y{zx{ux{~n{y~s}yswlt} uozrpr~ |xn|ss|j~ ]rimz~ Yp}st}q}zX~ d}ss}~ Yd{h~ p}s` t}q}zX~ q}kwzp}x~ smy~ ox}z~ l{{yf~ {x|yv|~ yot}z~ i{n{ Yp}s}zX~n{y~smy~d}x{z|~i|x{yp|f~d{h~lmbd|p{k~u}b{s}x{ktf yot}zv}~ oxvrer~ i{n{~ l{{yv|~ v|~ cvmx~ t|u}z{kt}pwzwf p}swlx}yw~}ysswyt}u~g|~ncqx|a|~qmup|u~u)y~|xv|~|st|u {h{z~urxx}z}a}uf~Yb{q}p}v}~hou~p}st}pw~trds|t|xX~l{{y u{s}bx}ywz}~ cvmx~ g|y{xt|p{~ n|x{yx|q{a{~ rzpry~ oxt}q} n}lx}q}a}u~g|~q}kwx}z~l{{yx|y{z~z{s|x{e{~v|~nr~cvmxx|y| s}n{~ l{{y~ q}k}zx}y~ s}y}\wzv}z~ Yb{q}p}q}X~ icy|~ n|x{y` x|z|a|us{yj~ ]rimz~ Yy|u}n|sh{X~ t}zs}x{s|qx|~ uryrx}z cvmx~ t|u}z{kt}pwzw~ y|vv|st|q|z~ l}{yx|y~ v|~ o uolrxx}yv}f~l{{y{~Yb{q}p}~{h{z~my|s{x|z~t|s}X~uozrtrz} i|s{y|z~s}gy}~uolrs~v}gy}z}a}ux}yvwyj T|gars~vryrtrz~v|e{lt|p{z{z~{xu~}vwtw~ox}y}uf smt~l}{yx|y{z~cza|~{zp}z~ox}y}u~u|zv{~ck~n|zx{ux|y{z| g|~l{{y|~p}qiw~i|y|e{~l{{y~cvmxm~u}gy}twzw~sobs}z~y|v` v|st|p{f~ncqx|a|~u|zv{x|y{z{z~cvmx~s}x|b~|v|z~ox}y}u Y}psXf~cvmx~g|y|zx|y{z~v|~YmpsX~uozrtrz}~i|xt|p{z|f ncqx|x{ux|~ }y}x}ywzv}~ {zp}z~ ozryrz}~ }quwyw~ ox}y}u~ n{y d{q|y}yl{u~ q}bw~ uryrxt}pwz}f~ nr~ p}q|v|~ n{y~ l{{y~ |yu{ t|u}z{kt}pwzwz~ uryrxt}pwz}~ g|~ nrzrzf~ |yu{~ |x{zv| nrxrzvry}zx}y~ s}y}\wzv}z~ u{l{p|x~ hwu}y~ g|~ }t}hx}ywz} qcz|x{u~ox}y}u~urxx}zwxt}pwz}f~l{{y{z~bo|s{u~g|~box{s{u vmkx|tv|~ trd}x{\~ s}gywz}~ }quwyw~ l|u{xv|~ qcz` x|zv{y{xt|p{z|f~ p}z}s~ |p|y{z{z~ u}b{s}x{ps~ |uozot{ }zx}qwlwz}~uolrs~Yy|u}n|sh{X~}xiwqx}~Yq}ywlswywxt}pwz}X {s{y}k~|st|x|y{~i|y|ut|us|v{yj @ka|p{f~ cvmx~ vmkx|t{zv|~ l{{y~ |yu{z{z~ qwuwxt}pwf l{{y|~g|~{zp}z~ozryrz}~p}qiw~i|y|e{v{yj 4Ticj*0??

99


MEHMET ERCAN

NİLÜFER ayaklarında sulardan prangaları papatyaların. gözlerin hırçın denizlere benziyor nilüfer. delişmen taylara ellerin. yüzünde güneş tutuşmasıdır dudakların. yaşamak oluyor öpünce. tenin, şelalelerin köpük deryası. şairlerin dudaklarıyla şiir yazdığı sessizce yüreğimde uç verirken ırmaklar. kendini bana bırak nilüfer. tutamakları yok bu kentin. düşüyor gözlerinin uçurumuna. göç etmiş bu kentin yıldızları. yıldızlar nerede nilüfer? simit satan çocuklar mı yıldızlar? bu kent neden sessiz? insanların yüzündeki bu matem ne? kim öldü nilüfer? sokaklar niçin boş? fukara cebi gibi. kuşlar neden cıvıldamıyor? uyandır bu kentin şairlerini nilüfer uyandır! ülkelerinden uzun yaşar şairler. kurtul kafelerin loşluğundan nilüfer! hurafelerin boşluğundan varoşların. mayasıdır balçık karanlığın. neden bakışlarından kan damlıyor şu esnafın? arkası yazılmış olmalı çeklerinin? şu taksicinin derdi ne? kulaklarından savuruyor sigara dumanını. şu manava ne demeli nilüfer şu manava? birilerini bıçaklar gibi, karpuzu neden bıçaklıyor, intikam alırcasına birilerinden? nedir bu öfke tutulması nilüfer, nedir bu öfke tutulması? pus, düğün ediyorken sokaklarda. kurtların değil miydi bu havalar? neden çatılarda sevişmiyor güvercinler? güvercinler nerede nilüfer güvercinler? boşanmış akıl zembereği bu kentin. it gibi sokaklara düşmüş karanlık. kuzular kan içinde nilüfer. mahkemelerde yargılanıyor aydınlık. şaşırma gölgen tutuklanırsa. dört yanın tele kulak. bir de sevdalıysan güneşe. onurluysa duruşun bir de. işten değil mahpusluk olmak. bir yanım fırat kanar bulanık. sakarya’yı sevmekten sanık bir yanım. deniz’im mazlum, sinan’ım mahzun bakar dağlardan nilüfer. bu sesler de ne? kimdir yakan bu ağıtları? suçu ne bu körpe yıldızların? neden yitip gidiyorlar karanlıkta! kırıl, dilimdeki mühür! geber, omzumdaki münkir! kurtul, suskunluktan fakir! ağıtların dili birdir bilirim. gözyaşları aynıdır acıların. barışın dili nerede nilüfer? kim vurdu kelepçeyi ceylanlarıma? bu esirler görüntüsü de ne? yoksa naziler mi geri geldiler? yine postallar mı konuşacak? dâra boyunlar mı verilecek yine? asfalt bile utanırken onlardan. ölüm mü yağdıracak demir kartallar? mecnun diliyle konuşmak varken. barış uzak mı nilüfer, barış uzak mı? mutluluk tut ellerimi. kollarınla sar. ört üstüme sevgi yorganını. duy sesimi dağların dili. üşüyor, üşüyorum. al kalbimi, ver parkanı.

100

Güz ‘11


       Biz kadınız. Lütfen bize böyle aptalca sorular sormayınız!

O

qx|t|~ i|ht{Qf~ |qx|tx|~ n{yx{us|~ u|zv{~ u{Q{x{H{z{ nrxtrQ~n{y~{Qh{~u}v^z^z~i}k|s|a{x|y{z~poyrzr~t}i` }k{zx|Qs{yt|p{z|~u}yQ^~g|yv{H{~s|bu{v{yj~Zozr~u}v^z oxvrHrzv}~ z|v|zv{y~ n{x{zt|k~ ox}qx}y~ t}i}k{z{z~ n{y b}yh}p^~d}x{z|~i|s{y{x{yj~Lmk|xx{H{t{k~q}~v}~h{yu{zx{H{t{kf p}h^t^kf~u}Q^t^kf~ickmtmk~uozrQrxry~oxryj~S^bu^~nrimz {x{~cHy|za{~d}y|u|s{z{z~x{v|y{~uozrtrz}~i|xt{Q~D}t{xx} i{n{jjj Z}v^z^z~C|zv{jjj~[v^~u|zv{z{~}zx}st}q}z~\{xtx|yv|z n{y{~v}d}jjj~/xu~}ux}~i|x|z~Yu}v^z^z~\|zv{~|yu|H{~q|zv{Xjjj q}z{~u}v^z}~n{zx|ya|~q^x^z~qmux|v{H{~Yuryz}kx^uX^~d}s^yx}` s}z~ n{y~ {p{tjjj~ L|yh|us|~ cqx|~ t{E~ S}z^s^tx}y^z}~ n}u` s^H^t^kv}~v}~\{xt~d}uu^zv}~voHyr~n{y~n{xi{~|v{z|t{qoyrkj C{xtx|~{xi{x{~a{vv{~n{y~qoyrt~nrxt}u~z|y|v|qp|~{tu}zp^kj R}z{~ {kx|q|z~ n{y{~ }zx}st}v^H^~ pmy|a|~ n|xu{~ v|~ {kx|t| i|y|up{z{t{~vrqt}q}a}H^t^k~n{y~\{xtj~]{y~}yu}v}Q^z~v}g` |s{~ {x|~ i{ss{H{t{k~ nr~ \{xt{~ o~ imzv|z~ n|y{v{y~ d|yu|p| }zx}s^qoyrkj~ [zx}st}ux}~ u}xt^qoy~ {kx|zt|p{z{~ p}Hx^q` oyrkj~ <mzum~ p{z|t}x}yv}~ hou~ u^p}~ n{y~ pmy|~ icps|y{tv| u}xv^j~;ms\|z~p{kx|y~v|~\{xt{~nrxrz~g|~{kx|q{zj~~ Kx}qx}y~ MG+4~ q^x^~ /zi{xs|y|8p{zv|~ i|h{qoyj~ Coyv8rz U}i|zd}t~ \}ny{u}p^zv}~ M40~ u}v^z~ ~ |yu|ux|yx|~ }qz^~ {Q{ q}bt}x}y^z}~ y}Ht|z~ v}d}~ vmQmu~ may|s~ }xt}x}y^z}~ u}yQ^ iy|g|~ h^u^qoyj~ K~ imz|~ u}v}y~ q}xz^ka}~ \}ny{u}v}~ i|yh|u` x|Q|z~ iy|gx|yv|~ |yu|u~ {Qh{x|y|~ v|ps|u~ oxtrQ~ u}v^zx}y~ nr u|k~u|zv{x|y{~{h{z~d}y|u|s|~i|h{qoyj~Oqx|t~u|zv{~{zp}z^z^ Q|u{xx|zv{y{qoy~g|~x{v|y{z{~v|~h^u}y^qoyj~I{s}~o~imz|~u}v}y ncqx|~n{y~d}y|u|s{z~{h{zv|~q|y}xt}t^Qs^y~}t}~n{yv|z~n{y| u|zv{z{~d}y|u|s{z~x{v|y{~nrxryj~3|~i|yh|us|z~p}v|f~u}y}yx^f ck|zx{~n{y~Q|u{xv|~nr~icy|g{~q|y{z|~i|s{y{yj~Smt~u}v^zx}y^z qmy|H{z|~ p|px|z|y|u~ ozx}y^~ n{y}y}v}~ srst}z^z~ qoxrzr nrxryj~]r~}y}v}~|g~q}Q}t^zv}~uryrxtrQ~ox}z~v|zi|~nokr` xryj~ OQ{~ {x|~ }qz^~ \}ny{u}v}~ h}x^Qt}us}v^y~ }t}~ |g|~ i{s` s{H{zv|~ n{y~ v|~ I{s}8q^~ n|ux|q|z~ {Qx|y~ g}yv^yj~ I{s}~ nrzx}y^ Q{u}q|sp{k~ q}b}yj~ [t}~ iy|g{z~ qoHrzxrHrzv}z~ q}b}t}k d}x|~ i|x{y~ g|~ |Q{zv|z~ v|ps|u~ n|ux|yj~ OQ~ v|ps|u~ oxt}q} h}x^Q^y~ }t}~ n{y~ xmsr\~ i{n{~ prz}y~ nrzr~ g|~ xmsr\~ n{y~ q|y| u}v}yv^yj~ Kqp}~ I{s}8z^z~ d}uu^v^y~ nrj~ Z|zv{z{~ i|yh|u` x|Qs{yt|u~g|~d}ux}y^~{h{z~pou}H}~h^ut}ujjj I{s}~ u|zv{z{~ s}z^yj~ Oqx|t|~ h^u}z~ }yu}v}Qx}y^z^z v|H{Q{t{z|~ s}z^ux^u~ |v|yj~ W|zv{u}z^z~ z|~ oxvrHrzr cHy|z{yj~ Z}b{s}x{psx|y{z~ p}xv^y^x}y^z}~ u}yQ^~ d|y~ i|h|z~ imz v}d}~v}~imhx|z{yj~Z|zv{x|y{~{h{z~n}Qx}q}z~tma}v|x|x|y{z{ nmsmz~u}v^zx}y^z~d}u~s}x|n{~vmk|q{z|~h^u}y^y~g|~pozrzv} u}k}z^yx}yj

Güz ‘11

101

I5gh`bhg6j F{i|x~Dox| Shgie^[6j {xx{}t~&goyq T{y}zv}~I{ad}yvpoz IiJAb6j A=M=f~/zi{xs|y|f~

4^agTadie6j W}xxq~V}'u{zpf~ [zvy|}~I{p|noyoridf~ ]on~Vopu{zpf Iop}trzv~N{u|f~ U}z{|x~T}qpf~ SXeh6j MM5~vuj


Islýklar Ýçinden Bir Güneþ Doðuyor “Araf / Ýki Ülke Arasýnda” Tiyatro Avesta Yaþam KAYA / Tiyatro Eleþtirmeni ?..*j^_d_g]ij,ifdf bhOGadjWfejcaeUagdi Gi^i`ijLh]ijh]hg ^iPie_gj^iUibj5^cX7 ZX:jQ,cigjhUhg@fg _Zd_cdie_^dijZiGgh]h ^hejid_^[eDj\gdi`_dig 5^cXdhefgjTigjid_T_ g[c`idie_g]ijfgZig_g ]a^Eadie_gijfUdh^hg _Zd_cdie:j`iefGZhdj iT_die_gjLiejh``fBf ^iPie_jJZfc[d[+fcj [dieicj]i O5PXbdhbhbfPfj ZiBd_^[eDj

S

{q}syo~[g|ps}f~s|}sy}x~qoxarxre}~hwuswew~imzv|z~nr~q}z}~mxu|~s{q}syo` prz}~ cz|tx{~ }hwxwtx}y~ prztrlsryj~ Loiox_rz~ Y]{y~ U|x{z{z~ V}swy} U|\s|y{X~}vxw~t|ldry~oqrzrzr~p|yi{x|v{us|z~pozy}~[k{k~F|p{z_{z~YW|z L}y}~ U|e{xp{zX~ cqumpmzm~ p}dz|x|y{t{k|~ s}lwtwlswyj~ Zmysh|~ s{q}syozrz~ byo` \|pqoz|x~ }zx}tv}~ {x|yx|t|p{z{~ p}ex}q}z~ iyrnrz~ v{z}t{ux|y{~ hou~ p}ex}t h}xwlwqoyj~V|y~i|h|z~p|z|~mxu|~s{q}syoprzr~u}bp}q}z~n{y~y|b|ysr}y~}zx}qwlwq` x}~ qoxrz}~ v|g}t~ |v|z~ S{q}syo~ [g|ps}f~ l{tv{~ v|~ Pps}znrx_v}z~ n}lx}q}y}u Smyu{q|_z{z~cz|tx{~n{y~}qvwzw~Trp}~[zs|y_{z~d}q}swzw~p}dz|x|y{t{k|~s}lwq` oyj~ Zozrzrz~ ckmz|~ v|e{zt|v|z~ cza|f~ pwe~ b|ypb|us{\s|~ box{s{u~ imzv|t{z {yv|x|zv{e{~mxu|~imzv|t{z|~n}ut}u~x}kwtj~S{q}syo~[g|ps}_zwz~q}yw~Smyuh| q}yw~Zmysh|~oqz}vwew~,[y}\_~oqrzrzrz~Pkt{y_v|~q}p}ux}zt}pwf~mxu|z{z~d}x|z log|z~t{xx{q|sh{~srsrtx}~qczx|zv{y{x|z~icymlx|y|~p}d{b~oxvrerzr~n{kx|y|~z|s n{h{tv|~icps|y{qoyj~]r~zous}v}z~d}y|u|sx|~|xx|y{zv|~p{x}dx}~,u|zv{~}v}x|s{z{z a|k}pwzw~ g|yt|u_~ }vwz}~ qox}~ hwu}z~ n{y~ s}uwt~ u{l{x|y{z~ |qx|tx|y{f~ d}xux}y {h{zv|~nmqmu~n{y~{z\{}x~q}y}stwlswyj~Pls|~ncqx|~n{y~vcz|tv|~Pps}znrx_v}~p|q{y` a{p{qx|~nrxrl}z~,[y}\*Pu{~1xu|~[y}pwzv}_~oqrzrf~nr~smy {z\{}xx|y{z~oxrlt}t}pw~{h{z~nmqmu~n{y~poyrtxrxrer~qmu` x|zt{l~vryrtv}j~Lyrnrz~Smyuh|_q{~g|~Zmysh|_q{~}qzw b}qv}v}~ n{yx|ls{yt|p{f~ box{s{u~ }qywtawxwew~ s|s{ux|t|u {ps|q|zx|y|~v|~nmqmu~n{y~v|yp~g|y{qoyj~ D{d}z~ :}z_wz~ q}kwb~ [qvwz~ Ky}u_wz qcz|ss{e{*oqz}vwew~ Y[y}\*Pu{~ 1xu|~ [y}pwzv}X~ n|xi|p|x s{q}syozrz~{q{~n{y~cyz|e{z{~s|tp{x~|v{qoyj~[zs|y_{z~d}q}s cqumpmzv|z~ qox}~ hwu}y}u~ n}lx}q}z~ icps|y{9~ [zs|y_x| q}bwx}z~pcqx|l{x|y|f~vopsx}ywzwz~o_zrz~d}uuwzv}~pcqx|v{u` x|y{z|f~ box{s{u~ imzv|t{z~ v|s}qx}ywz}~ u}v}y~ rk}zwqoyj ]}lwzv}~ \csy~ l}bu}pwf~ |x{zv|~ s}ds}~ n}grxrqx}~ p}dz|q| q}zpwswx}z~Trp}~[zs|yf~[qvwz~Ky}u_wz~icymzsmqx|~{h~{h| i|ht|p{qx|~ s|}sy}x~ n{y~ nmsmzxmu~ u}k}zwqoyj~ R}l}q}z~ n{y s}y{d~ ox}z~ q}k}ywz~ d}q}s~ cqumpm~ Trps}\}~ Z|t}x_x|~ v| nmsmzx|l{qoyj~ U|yp{t~ Ppq}zw~ pwy}pwzv}~ q}yiwx}zwlwz}f [zs|y~poqrzrz~urysrxrl~p}g}lwzv}~cz|tx{~n{y~yox~oqz}` t}pwzv}z~ u}qz}uxw~ Trps}\}~ Z|t}x~ s}y}\wzv}z~ }\\|v{x` {l{z|f~ MG+=~ qwxwzv}z~ MG4=~ }pu|y{~ v}yn|p{z|~ v|u~ pmy|z popq}x{ps~ tma}v|x|p{z|~ v|u~ d|y~ l|q{~ p}dz|v| icymqoyrk*d{pp|v{qoyrk*q}lwqoyrkj~

102

Güz ‘11


3Zd_cdiedijY[BigjMfejIiPie MGGA~qwxwzv}~\}{x{~t|hdrx~n{y~urylrzx}~d}q}s}~g|v}~|v|z q}k}ywz~q}l}t~cqumpmf~O\u}z~:|l|z_{z~wpxwux}ywqx}~p}dz|v| q|y~ }xwqoyj~ [zx}swx}z~ cqumx|y{z~ a}z~ }xwaw~ zous}x}ywzv} {zp}zwz~ vrqirx}ywz}~ {lx|q|z~ wpxwux}yf~ s}y{dp|x~ }awx}ywz~ g}y |ss{e{~q}k}yw~bp{uoxoJ{u~ox}y}u~v}~hckmtx|t|t{k{~p}exwqoyj D{d}z~:}zf~n{x|y|u~cxmt|~i{v|z~g|~vopsx}ywqx}~tmu|tt|x n{y~ {x{lu{p{~ ox}z~ {zp}z~ icymzsmpmqx|~ uozrq}~ n}lx}twlj ]cqx|x{ux|~ Trp}~ [zs|y_{z~ d|y~ l|qv|z~ cza|~ {zp}z{~ ck|xx{u` x|y{z{~ cz~ bx}z}~ hwu}yt}qw~ d|v|\x|t{lj~ R}l}tw~ noqrza} qmymssmem~ tma}v|x|z{z~ Smyu*Zmys~ }qvwzx}y}~ v}~ wlwu oxvrerzr~ icyt|t{k{~ p}ex}twlj~ Zmys~ oxvrer~ {h{z~ v|g}txw pry|sx|~ncxmamxmux|~prhx}z}z~q}k}ywz~sy}J|v{x|y{~p}dz|v|~q|y }xwyu|zf~n}kw~}zx}yv}~imzmtmk~box{s{u}pwqx}~i|ht{l{z~}qzw zous}x}yv}~ n{yx|ls{e{z{~ icymqoyrkj~ W{ps|t{z~ }qzw~ l|u{xv| n}puwx}y}~v|g}t~|ss{e{z|~s{q}syo~p}dz|p{zv|z~s}zwuxwu~|v{q` oyrkj~ CaZij\g`he@dhj\^g_j2ieidhd]hjMfej4^agTa [qvwz~ Ky}uf~ Trp}~ [zs|y_{~ oqz}yu|z~ p}dz|~ {x|~ nmsmz` x|l{qoyj~Lcxi|p{~{x|~[zs|y_{z~q}zwzv}~n|x{y|z~Ky}uf~d|y~n{y ncxmtv|~ icymzsmx|yx|~ b}y}x|x~ vryt}qw~ s|ya{d~ |v{qoyj Kqrzv}~[zs|y_{z~q}l}t~u}gi}pwzw~}zx}swyu|zf~k}t}z~k}t}z n|xi|p|x~ s{q}syozrz~ vwlwz}~ hwuwxwqoyj~ ]r~ oqrzr~ p}xs~ n{xi{ qmumzv|z~urys}ywbf~oqrzarzrz~p}dz|v|~g}y~oxvrer~n{y~icp` s|y{~ d}x{z|~ vczmlsmymqoyj~ [qvwz~ Ky}u~ nr~ vryrt~ p}q|p{zv| oqrzarxru~ q|s|z|e{z{~ nmsmzmqx|~ p}dz|q|~ }us}y}n{x{qoyj Umlmza|~ imamqx|~ b}y}x|xx{u~ uryvrer~ q}k}ywz~ icymzsmpmqx| v|~{h~{h|~i|h{za|f~p|qy{z|~voqrxt}k~n{y~b|y\oyt}zpx}~oqr` zrzr~n{s{y{qoyj~C}u}s~ncqx|p{z|~imk|x~n{y~b|y\oyt}zpw~s|uz{u |u{n{z~v|ps|ux|t|p{~x}kwtj~ Zmys~[qvwzw~Trp}~[zs|y_{z~d}q}s~cqumpmf~mxu|~soby}u` x}ywzv}~p{ps|t{z~q}zxwlx}ywz}~u}ylw~i|x|z~d|yu|p{~}qzw~b}qv}` v}~nrxrlsryrqoyj~@za|x{ux|~n{y~{zp}zf~pozy}~qmymssmem~p}z}s` p}x~ tma}v|x|qx|~ d|yu|p{z~ p}qiw~ vrqvrer~ cz|tx{~ n{y~ q}k}y ox}z~ Trp}~ [zs|y_{z~ d}q}s~ cqumpmz|~ Y[y}\*Pu{~ 1xu| [y}pwzv}X~oqrzrqx}~oys}u~oxrzj~O\u}z~:|l|z_{z~trds|l|t tmk{ux|y{z|f~ [qvwz~ Ky}u_wz~ ox}e}zmpsm~ b|y\oyt}zpwz} s}zwuxwu~|v{zj~Z|zv{~voeyrx}yw~{h{z~cxmtv|z~n{x|~uoyut}q}z [zs|y_v|z~d|b{t{k{z~}x}a}ew~n{y~v|yp~g}yj~Pq{~p|q{yx|y-

Güz ‘11

103


ENFEN8O =NLIMKLOD>O:B@FMO7@KLFN

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

   

Y2xrpx}y}y}p^~ /ps}znrx~ ]{|z}x{~ A==0~ q^x^zv}z~ n|y{~ Zoh Voxv{zi_{z~ pbozpoyxrHrzv}~ i|yh|ux|Qs{y{x{qoyj~ ]r~ vryrt czmtmkv|u{~ oz~ n|Q~ q^x~ noqrza}~ v}~ ncqx|~ v|g}t~ |v|a|uj V}s^yx}q}a}H^z^k~i{n{~i|h|z~p|z|u{~MMj~/ps}znrx~]{|z}x{~]|ysoxs ]y|ads_{z~Y1h~ZryrQxru~Kb|y}X~}vx^~|p|y{zv|z~qox}~h^ut^Q~g| Zoh~d}z|v}zx^H^f~Smyu{q|_v|~q}Q}q}z~p}z}sh^x}y}f~Y/zp}z~F|qx| R}Q}yEX~poyrprzr~poy}y}u~n{y~h}Hy^v}~nrxrztrQsrj~W|yt}q|z{z ]y|ads_{~ Q|\u}sx|~ n}Hy^z}~ n}pt}p^~ s}ys^Qt}x}y}~ z|v|z~ oxtrQ d}ss}~ Y/ps}znrx~ ]|H|z}xf~ U{y|z}x~ g|~ [xs|yz}s{\~ Nx}s\oytX q}y}s^a^~|qx|tx|yx|~v|~byos|pso~|st{Qx|yv{j {tv{~n{y~u|k~v}d}f~umy|p|x~umxsmy~n}Qu|zs{~/ps}znrx_v}~MA Oqxmx_mz~ d|t|z~ |ys|p{zv|~ }qz^~ p}dz|~ q|z{v|z~ uryrx}a}uj V|yu|p~q|yx|y{z{~}xp^z$~W|yt}q|~q}xv^kx^~p}z}s~t}pu|p{z{~s}u}` a}uj~W{x}d~p}z}q{~g|~umxsmy~|zvmpsy{p{z{zf~\{z}zp~u|zs{~g|~umxsmy n}Qu|zs{z{z~s|u~g|~}qz^~p{ps|t{z~{u{~\}yux^~qmkm~oxvrHrzr~{pb}s |v|ya|p{z|~Zoh~Voxv{zi~iryryx}~prz}a}uB~Y/p{tp{kjX [h^uh}p^~nr~u|k~v|~n}Qx^u~n{k|~n{y}k~uoyu}uh}~i|xv{9~rs}z`

104

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11


t^Q~v}~p}ux}zt^Q~i{n{f~trdn{y~i{n{f~{s{y}\h^~i{n{j~]{|z}x{z~n}Qx^H^~\}{x{~t|hdrx~{p{tp{k~t|usr` bx}y^~vmQmzvmyvmj~]{k~v|~{tk}p^~n|xx{f~{pt{~mk|y{zv|~p}d{a{~n{y~t|usrb~nrx}x^t~v|v{uj~[v^~uoz` prz~nr~{Q{z~}ys^uj~Kurzprz~g|~d}s^yx}zp^zj~Zmxsmy~p}z}s~d}t{p{~n}n}a}z~p|yt}q|~Smyu{q|_z{z |uozot{u~vmk|z{z{~ury}yu|z~|xx|y{~s{sy|t|v|z~{tk}x}v^~nr~t|usrnrj Zoh~Voxv{zi_{z~uryrarpr~g|~p}d{n{~3|dn{~Zoh_rz~5~Ou{t~MG4=_v|~Z|z}z~Ogy|z_|~qox` x}v^H^~t|usrbsryB YR}u}x}z}z~}z}yQ{psx|y{z~g|~prhxrx}y^z~t}du|t|x|y{~rk}s^xt}t}x^~g|~a|k}x}y^~pmy}sx|~g|y` {xt|x{v{yj~Nox{p~s|Qu{x}s^~s|hd{k~|v|a|u~g|~ozr~urgg|sx|zv{y|a|u~{tu)zx}y~i|z{Qx|s{xt|x{f~i|y|u` x{~ u}zrzx}y~ n{y~ }z~ cza|~ h^u}y^xt}x^v^yj~ /Qh{`{Qg|y|z~ {x{Qu{x|y{z{~ vmk|zx|q|a|u~ ox}z~ u}zrzx}y }pi}y{~d}s}~{x|~h^u}y^xt}x^v^yj~]}k^~p|zv{u}x}y^z~Smyu~U|gx|s{_z{~g|~|uozot{p{z{~q^ut}u~{h{z nrimz|~u}v}y~q}bs^ux}y^~}Q^y^~d}y|u|sx|yf~ick~czmzv|~nrxrzvryrxt}x^v^yj~U/WZ_{z~u}b}s^xt^Q oxt}p^zv}z~ vox}q^~ n{y~ u^p^t~ {Qh{x|y~ p|zv{u}x~ tmz}p|n|sx|y~ qczmzv|z~ n|ux|q{Q~ {h{zv|v{yx|yj T{x{s}z~ p|zv{u}a^x}y~ nr~ {Qh{x|y{~ s}dy{u~ |st|u~ g|~ \}}x{q|s{~ v|g}t~ |v|z~ p|zv{u}x}y^z~ qcz|s{t u}vyox}y^z}~ p^k}y}u~ v}g}x}y^z^~ v|g}t~ |ss{yt|u~ z{q|s{zv|v{yx|yj~ ]r~ vryrt~ n{x{z|y|u~ d}k^y` x}z}a}u~ u}zrzx}yv}~ i|y|ux{~ s|vn{yx|y~ }x^zt}x^v^yj~ Zotmz{ps~ N}ys{_z{zf~ poxar~ cyimsx|y{zf Zmysx|y{zf~Oyt|z{x|y{zf~n{ys}u^t~box{s{u}a^x}y^z~ucsm~z{q|sx{~s|Q|nnmpx|y{z{~v|g}t~|ss{y|a|ux|y{ trd}uu}us^yf~ nrzx}y}~ u}yQ^~ rq}z^u~ oxrzt}x^~ g|~ s|Q|nnmpx|y{~ trsx}u}~ |zi|xx|zt|x{v{yj 7}s^}x{x|y{z|~g|~}yu}v}Qx}y^z^k}~trg}\\}u{q|sx|y~s|t|zz{~|v{qoyrtj~Oty{z{k|~}t}v|q{tjY ]r~ t|usrb~ pctmym~ vmk|z{z{z~ uryrxrQ~ pckx|Qt|p{f~ \}Q{ps~ {us{v}y^z~ byosouoxmf~ {Qh{x|yf cHy|za{x|yf~p}z}sh^x}y~g|~mxu|z{z~smt~{x|y{a{~imhx|y{~{h{z~{v}t~\|yt}z^v^yj Kz~q^x~noqrza}~n{y~v{k|~Q{{y{f~n{y~b}y}iy}\~yot}z^f~n{y~trd}x{\~y|pt{~{Qu|za|x|yv|f~a|k}|g` x|y{zv|~p}z}sh^x}y^z~nryrzx}y^zv}z~\{s{x~\{s{x~i|s{y|z~n{y~imh~d}zi{~p}z}s}~v|ps|u~h^u}yE~Wopq}x v|gx|s~}zx}q^Q^~i|y|H{~p}z}s}f~|H{s{t|f~p}Hx^H}~d}ya}zt}p^~i|y|u|z~b}y}x}yf~Q{Q{yt|~ob|y}pqoz` x}yx}~ v}Hx}y^~ s}Qx}y^~ notn}x}q}y}u~ d}ya}z^yu|z~ v|gx|s{z~ p}grzt}~ {d}x|x|y{z{~ }x}z~ n{y~ \{yt} z|v|z~n{k~p}z}sh^x}y}~pbozpoy~oxryE~G=_x^~q^xx}yv}~q}b^x}z~n{y~}y}Qs^yt}q}~icy|~v|gx|sx|~{Qn{y` x{H{~{h{zv|~ox}z~nmqmu~p|yt}q|~iyrbx}y^z}~noyar~oxt}q}z~{zp}z~qouu|zf~d}ss}~nr~doxv{zix|y| noyhxr~ hoarux}y~ voHtrQu|zf~ Zoh~ d}z|v}zx^H^~ nr~ v{u|zp{k~ imx~ n}dh|p{zv|~ z|v|z~ p}z}s~ g| p}z}sh^q}~pbozpoy~oxryE 2zrssryt}u~{us{v}y^z~|z~nmqmu~p{x}d^v^yj~[t}~n{k~o~{p{tx|y{~d{h~rzrst}v^uj~F|~{zp}za} q}Q}t}u~ {h{z~ n|v|x~ cv|q|zx|y{~ z|~ v|~ q}Q}t^~ b}k}yx}t}u~ {h{z~ a}z~ }x}zx}y^j~ L|yh|ux|y{~ imz qmkmz|~h^u}yt}u~{h{zf~mk|y{zv|u{~q}xv^k^~h|u{zt|v|z~Z[7&R&F&7j~Lcy|a|H{z{k~nr~mxu|z{z i|ht{Q{f~nrimzm~g|~i|x|a|H{v{yjX

Güz ‘11

105


7. Sarıgazi Halk festivali 16 - 18 Eylül tarihlerinde gerçekleştirildi.

Birçok Sanatçının katılımı ile gerçekleştirilen festivalin 2. gününde Devinim Tiyatro Atölyesi "Yaşamın Mimarları" isimli oyunu ile sahne alırken yerel gruplar ve Nurettin Güleç de müzik dinletileri festivale katıldılar. 3. Günde ise Grup Emeğe Ezgi, Cevdet Bağca ve Rojda performansları ile Sarıgazi Halkını coşkulandırdılar.

(Foto: Zeynep Kuray)

Gerçekçi Ol İmkansızı İste Yürüyüşü Y]{y~d}xu~ucx|~{u|zf~n}Qu}~n{y~d}xu~ckimy~oxt}k_~v{q|z~Dd|f~nrimz~smt~vmzq}q}~ckimyxmu {ps|v{H{z{z~ q|z{xt|kx{H{z{~ g|~ imhxmxmHmzm~ {pb}s~ |st{Q~ Zmys~ d}xu^~ u}y}yx^~ g|~ ^py}yx^~ }v^tx}yx} {x|yx|v{H{~nrimzx|yv|f~Dd|~p}\\^z^~hous}z~n|x{yx|t{Q~oxryvrj~V}q}s}~oxp}qv^~g|~nry}v}~oxrb~n{kx|y` x|~ uozrQp}qv^~ n{k|~ Qcqx|~ p|px|z{yv{f~ ,]|z~ Zmn}_v}~ nrzrz~ {h{z~ p}g}Qs^tf~ ]ox{gq}_v}~ Zozio_v} nrzrz~ {h{z~ p}g}Qs^tj]|z~ d}xux}y^z~ popq}x{ktx|~ ckimy~ ox}n{x|a|H{z{~ icyvmt~ g|~ ckimy~ oxt}q} {ps|q|z~d|y~d}xu^z~q}z^zv}~oxvrtjZmys~d}xu^z^z~v}~q}z^zv}q^t~ozrzx}~p}g}Q}a}H^tj_~Og|s~n{y~}z n{y~s|y|vvms~|st|v|z~Zmys~d}xu^z^z~ckimyxmHm~{h{z~p}g}Q^yv^j~Zmys~d}xu^z^z~u|zv{~u}v|y{z{~s}q{z |st|~d}uu^z^~u{tp|~|zi|xx|t|q|a|H{z{~d|y~q|yv|~d}qu^y^yv^jX

106

Güz ‘11


Mersin Ayışığı Açıldı

Güz ‘11

107


14!.DO.D;D44D#

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

108

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11


;B*)BC A:@94?=B?:<C 4>?BC 8696; 8B=<;=B?C ;6.6;C 8B=<;=B?<C :(*694?# =B?2B,C ;6.6;C 8B=<;=B?BC 9B?:<5 A35A;C )A?A;5A/C 5@9:@C $6.6; 8B=<-<>C 5@>@;C 8A9>@C 1@5:@C 87 24?7=B?=BC84-71794?:70C!9@2@C5@ 8B8B5 =BC ;4>71B9<5 ,C 8A=;@C 4 24?7=B?<5<C 9B><3=B?"C :A:@C ;A>:@ ;A>:@>A0 ;1B5 C A*AC :(>:6-6>:A 8B8B2<><C B>>A2@9=AC ;4>717?;A> 87=:70C B>=B?<>BC 9B;=B13<-<>:B @;@2@C;4>715B9<C;A23@0C!AC4=79# 4?C 87>=B?BC 8(9=A,C A2;@:A>C '@. 8(9=AC 9B%5 B/=B?:<"C :@9A :616>:60C &@?C B>=B5C *A?A5A:@0 @>AC :AC B;=<>BC 3B;<=B>C 8636> 24?7=B?<C8B8B2<>BC24?5B9BC;B?B?C*A?:@0 !&B8B,C 87?B><>C :<1<>:BC :A>@/=A?@>C *AC 4;9B>72=B?<>C 4=:7-7C 8B1;B 9A?=A?C*B?5<1,C4?:BC:BC.4;C.A1@3=@C8B=<;=B?C9B1B?=B?5<1,C:4-?7C57"C&B8B, ;<2BC 8@?C 3A?A::633A>C 24>?BC 8B1<><C 2B==B9B?B;C !A*A3C 9B*?75C 8(9=AC 9A?=A? *B?"C:A:@0C! 5B,C:@9AC:A*B5CA33@,C4?B=B?<C(9=AC5A?B;CA:@=A+A;C9A?=A?C:A-@=0 C9A?=A?C8@/AC)(?AC:A-@="C$6.6;C8B=<-<>C24?7=B?<C8@3A+A;C)@8@C:A-@=:@0 ! A;@C 8B8BC 4?:BC 8696;C 8B=<;=B?C ;6.6;C 8B=<;=B?<C >A:A>C :(*A?,C 9@9A# +A;=A?@>@C A==A?@>:A>C B=<?,C ;4*B?,C 'B33BC 9B1B5B=B?<>BC 8@=AC @/@>C *A?5A/=A?# 5@1"C&B8BC>AC:@9A+A-@>@C1B1<?:<0C A*B%C*A?5A;C@23A5@94?:70 !B:@C8B;B=<5,C1@5:@C87C24?7=B?<>C2<?B2<C:A-@=,C9A5A-@>@C9AC*AC:4-?7 9B35B9B"C :A:@0C $6.6;C 8B=<;C 8B8B2<><>C :A:@-@>@C 9B%3<0C A5A-@>@C 9A:@C *A 7975B;C 6/A?AC 8@?C ;(1A9AC .A;@=:@0C B;B3C 1@5:@C 5A?B;<C :B'BC :BC B?35<13<0 ?;B:B1<><>C8B'2A33@-@C9A?=A?@C)@:@%C)(?5A;3AC;B?B?=<9:<CB?3<;0CB8B'<>C@=; <1<;=B?<9=BC8@?=@;3AC79B><?C79B>5B/C)(/6C8B8B2<><CB?B:<0C&B8B2<>B,C4C9A?# =A?AC )@35A;C @23A:@-@>@C 2(9=A9A+A;3@0C /C 24>?BC 8B8B2<C )A3@?:@-@C 8@?C ;B. %B?.BC9@9A+A;=AC.<;B)A=:@0C$6.6;C8B=<;C:B'BCB/=BC2B8?A:A5A:@ !&B8B,C:A:@C8A>C4C9A?=A?@C)@:@%C)(?5A;C@23@94?75"C !A>C:B'BC;6.6;26>,C4?B=B?<C.4;C3A'=@;A=@,C)@:A5A/2@>"C:@9AC@3@?B/CA33@ 8B8B2<0 !B9<?C 8B8B,C B?3<;C 4C ;B:B?C :BC ;6.6;C :A-@=@50C &A>C 8696:650C &7>7 2A>C:AC8@=@94?27>0C?B=B?BC573=B;BC)@:A+A-@5"C:@9AC623A=A:@C$6.6;C8B=<;0 B?3<15B9<C8B1<>:B>C8A?@C2A22@/+AC:@>=A9A>CB>>A2@C24>7>:BC2(/AC;B?<13< *AC)@:A5A9A+A-@>@C2(9=A:@0C ?B=B?<>:BC1@::A3=@C8@?C3B?3<15BC8B1=B:<0C 5B $6.6;C8B=<;C7'C:@94?C A9)B58A?C:A5@94?:70C &B8B2<C 4>7>C '79=B?<><C @9@C 8@=@94?:70C &@?C 1A9@C !9B%B+B-<5"C :A:@-@ /B5B>C4>7C573=B;BC9B%B?:<0C@?A35A>@>,C;B?1<C;495B><>CB>=B5<C94;370 ! A;@,C :A:@C 8B8B2<,C B5BC :@;;B3=@C 4=5B><C @23@94?750C ?B=B?<C .4; 3A'=@;A=@0C&696;C8B=<;=B?:B>C7/B;C:7?C*AC;A>:@>AC@9@CB?;B:B1=B?CA:@>" ! B5B5C8B8B,C2(/=A?@>@C'A%CB;=<5:BC373B+B-<5,C5A?B;CA35A0C 9?<+B 8B>BC)6*A>:@-@>@/C@.@>C2B>BC*ACB>>A5AC3A1A;;6?CA:A?@50"C:A:@0 $6.6;C 8B=<;,C B>>AC *AC 8B8B2<9=BC *A:B=B13<;3B>C 24>?BC /B5B>C ;B9#

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11

109


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

110

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11


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

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11

111


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

112

Güz â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11


Önsöz 21  
Önsöz 21  
Advertisement