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Tove Phillips

Engelska 6

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Pick & Mix 2

PICK & MIX är ett unikt och nytänkande basläromedel för Engelska steg 6 på gymnasiet och komvux. Materialet erbjuder ett flexibelt arbetssätt som ger läraren möjlighet att skräddarsy undervisningen enligt sina behov.

Tove Phillips

Simon Phillips

Simon Phillips

Pick & Mix 2

ISBN 9789151105659

9 789151 105659

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Contents (by theme) 1. Shop till you drop...........................................................................7 WARM-UP Pretty pennies? 8 READING Just looking, thanks 10 Well worn 14 LISTENING You’re worth it 20 SPEAKING Money talks 22 WRITING Work buy consume die 24 GRAMMAR Names and nouns 26 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 30

2. Forever Young.................................................................................31 WARM-UP The fallen youth 32 READING Wilde youth 34 Oscar Wilde 40 LISTENING Mind the gap 44 SPEAKING Under age 46 WRITING See ya later 48 GRAMMAR Numbers and quantifiers 50 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 54

3. Labour of Love..............................................................................55 WARM-UP Dissed and dumped 56 READING My cup of tea 58 Love is a battlefield 62 LISTENING A perfect match 72 SPEAKING Love talk 74 WRITING More than words 76 GRAMMAR The passive form 78 Reported speech 80 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 82

4. In the Name of Science...............................................................83 WARM-UP Cold feet 84 READING Changing the future 86 LISTENING Fabulous future 92 SPEAKING Cutting edge 94 WRITING Hows and whys 96 GRAMMAR Infinitive and gerund 98 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 102

Inversion 100

5. A Common Wealth?...................................................................103 WARM-UP God Save the Queen 104 READING The sun always shone 106 From “A Passsage to India” 110 LISTENING After the empire 116 SPEAKING Plain English 118 WRITING Off the map 120 GRAMMAR Adjectives and adverbs 122 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 126

6. The Thrill of Horror.............................................................................127 WARM-UP Your worst nightmare 128 READING Jack the Ripper 130 LISTENING Addicted to blood 136 SPEAKING Face your fears 138 WRITING Glorious goosebumps 140 GRAMMAR Conjunctions 142 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 146

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7. Pure Psychology..........................................................................147 WARM-UP Nature vs. nurture 148 READING In the soup 150 The pursuit of happiness LISTENING Help yourself 160 SPEAKING All in the mind 162 WRITING Deep inside 164 GRAMMAR Relative clauses 166 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 170

156

8. Philosophize this..........................................................................171 WARM-UP The point of it all 172 READING The big questions 174 LISTENING Dropping out 180 SPEAKING Deep thought 182 WRITING Words of wisdom 184 GRAMMAR Phrasal constructions 186 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 190

9. English Literature........................................................................191 WARM-UP Busy bookworm 192 READING A brief history 194 From ”The Namesake” 206 LISTENING A declaration of love 214 SPEAKING Telling tales 216 WRITING Power of the pen 218 GRAMMAR The future and the conditional 220 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 224

10. Flying the Nest............................................................................225 WARM-UP Picking down under 226 READING Slipping through my fingers 228 LISTENING Time will tell 234 SPEAKING A fresh start? 236 WRITING Fulfilling the dream 238 GRAMMAR British English vs. American English 240 BONUS Idioms and proverbs 244

More grammar..............................................................................245 Verb tenses ― the present 246 Verb tenses ― the past 248 Subject-verb agreement 250 Prefixes 252 Suffixes 254 Apostrophes 256 Irregular verbs 258 Phonetics 262

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Contents (by skill) WARM-UP

Pretty pennies? 8 Your worst nightmare 128 The fallen youth 32 Nature vs. nurture 148 Dissed and dumped 56 The point of It all 172 Cold feet 84 Busy bookworm 192 God save the Queen 104 Picking down under 218

READING

Just looking, thanks 10 The sun always shone 106 Well worn 14 From “A Passage to India” 110 Wilde youth 34 Jack the Ripper 130 Oscar Wilde 40 People are strange 150 My cup of tea 58 The pursuit of happiness 156 Love is a battlefield 62 The big questions 174 Changing the future 86 A brief history 194 Slipping through my fingers 220

LISTENING

You’re worth it 20 Addicted to blood 136 Mind the gap 44 Help yourself 160 A perfect match 72 Dropping out 180 Double dutch 92 A declaration of love 206 After the empire 116 Time will tell 226

SPEAKING

Money talks 22 Face your fears 138 Under age 46 All in the mind 162 Love talk 74 Deep thought 182 Cutting edge 94 Telling tales 208 Plain English 118 A fresh start? 228

WRITING

Work buy consume die 24 Glorious goosebumps 140 See ya later 48 Deep inside 164 More than words 76 Words of wisdom 184 Hows and whys 96 Power of the pen 210 Off the map 120 Fulfilling the dream 230

GRAMMAR

Names and nouns 26 Apostrophes 212 Numbers and quantifiers 50 British English vs. American English 232 The passive form 78 Verb teses ― the present 238 Reported speech 80 Verb tenses – the past 240 Infinitive and gerund 98 Subject-verb agreement 242 Inversion 100 Prefixes 244 Adjectives and adverbs 122 Suffixes 246 Conjunctions 142 Apostrophes 248 Relative clauses 166 Irregular verbs 250 Phrasal constructions 186 Phonetics 254

EXPRESS YOURSELF

Idioms and proverbs related to: Money and consumption 30 Power 146 Youth and ageing 54 Psychology 170 Love and relationships 82 Philosophy 190 Science 102 Books and reading 216 Travelling and exploring 126 Leaving home and growing up 236

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Are you concerned about the mass consumerism of today’s society? Or do you just love shopping?

shop till you drop 7

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SHOP TILL YOU DROP:

Pretty pennies Time to tick that box?

Whether you need a new car, a new kitchen or a holiday in the sun, a personal loan could help you fulfill your dreams. By using our online loan calculator, you can work out how much you can borrow and your altern atives for repayment. Just fill in our simple online application form and we will give you an answer within an hour. You can borrow up to £100,000 and work to a payment sche dule that suits you. The interest rate varies, depending on how and when you choose to pay and whether you are already a customer of ours. If your application is approved, the money will be in your account within 24 hours. All loans are subject to your financial circumstances and borrowing history at the time you apply. Representative example: The Representative APR is 5,387.8%

so if you borrow £200 over 6 months at a rate of

427.9% p.a. you will repay £472.

warm-up speaking reading

Speedy online payday loans

? We approve 9 out of 10 loan Short of cash? Bad credit? Can’t get a loan rs on their background, income applications and we don’t judge our custome happens to all of us every now or previous financial history. We know that it e at once, sickness reduces and then – the car breaks down, the bills all com t bargain but haven’t got the the income. Or maybe you’ve just found that grea a short-term problem. With us cash right now. Taking a short-term loan can fix y and pay it back next month. you can borrow up to £2,000, get the cash toda or download our app and click All you need to do is register on our website have a regular income, such as ”Apply now”. You need to be aged 18+ and employment, student loan or social benefit. Representative example: The Representative

APR is 821%, so if you borrow £400 for 30

days at a rate of 213% p.a. you will repay £480.

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APR

årsränta

account

konto

approve

godkänna

application

ansökan

bargain

fynd

borrow

låna

be short of interest loan

lån

payday

previous rate

ränta

lönedag

nivå

reduce

sakna

tidigare

minska

short-term

kortsiktigt

social benefit suit

text

vary

passa

socialbidrag

sms

variera

Discuss Discuss in pairs or small groups. 1. What target groups do you think the two loan adverts are aimed at? 2. Why can adverts like these seem tempting? 3. Should there be a limit for how high interest rates for loans can be? Why/why not? 4. Why do some people get into debt more easily than others? 5. How has the growing cashless society changed our relationship with money? 6. Is it ever OK to take a “quick loan”? If so, when?

Write Imagine that you are in serious financial trouble and your only way out is to ask your millionaire uncle for a loan. Write him an e-mail explaining why you need to borrow money, how much you need to borrow and when you will pay it back.

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SHOP TILL YOU DROP:

Just looking, thanks As the three teenage boys enter the store, one of the shop assistants nudges the security guard lightly in the back and whispers: “Hey, Joe! Keep an eye on those and you’ll see what I mean.” “Sure, will do,” replies Joe and moves closer to the boys without being too obvious. Another shop assistant approaches the potential customers with a smile on his face. “Can I help you, boys?” he asks. “Nah, thanks, we’re just looking at the moment. Thanks anyway,” says one of the boys and starts browsing through a rack of jeans. “They’ve got some great jeans in here,” he mumbles and then turns his attention to a snazzy display of trainers as the shop assistant withdraws. “These are just so cool. I love the colour of the laces and the way the sole goes up around the back,” says Charlie, the youngest of the boys. “Try them on, man – no harm in seeing how they fit,” says his friend Moses. Charlie pulls off his dirty old sneakers and squeezes into the brand new trainers. He takes a few running jumps around his friends. “They’re amazing! I really, really want these.” “Shame they’re totally out of your price range,” says the third boy, Sam. “You’ll have to work at your burger joint every school night for a month to be able to afford those.” “Don’t be so stupid! I wouldn’t buy them here, would I?”

reading

“Where then?” asked Moses. “China?” “China, the US, anywhere... you just have to know the right sites,” explained Charlie and put the trainers back on the shelf. “It’s a bit of a pain if you have to send stuff back, but it’s still worth it. And it’s great to be able to try stuff out in a physical store first. Like now.” “But if everyone thought that way, the physical stores would all go bust in the end and then you would have to buy everything online. Without being able to try it on.”

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“You’re right, Mo,” sighs Charlie. “As usual”. “It’s not very environmentally friendly either,” Sam adds. “All that sending stuff back and forth across the globe.” “Oh, don’t be such a saint, Sam! You love buying new things just as much as I do.” Sam laughs and gives Charlie a friendly push. “Of course I do, mate. Only kidding. Come on, let’s go check out the new gaming store on Church Street.” “And if you do find something there, surely you will buy it there in order to support local business and save the environment, right, Sam?

approach

närma sig

attention

uppmärksamhet

back and forth tillbaka browse

bläddra

display

här skyltning

go bust

slang gå i konkurs

environmentally friendly miljövänlig joint

här matställe, hak

mumble nudge

obvious

mumla

knuffa lätt

uppenbar, tydlig

“Absolutely!”

physical

The three boys leave the store and the shop assistant walks up to the security guard, who has been keeping an eye on them.

price range

“See that? It’s always the same. They never buy anything. They come in, try things on and then get on their phones to buy it online.” “Well. don’t we all?” asks the security guard with a smile.

fram och

fysisk, ej online

potential rack

saint

potentiell, möjlig prisnivå

ställning, klädställning helgon

security guard säkerhetsvakt snazzy sole

stilfull, trendig

sula

squeeze trainers

withdraw

klämma

träningsskor

dra sig tillbaka

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General understanding Answer these starter questions about the text. 1. In one sentence, what would you say that the text is about? 2. Why does Charlie not buy the trainers in the store? 3. What is mentioned as possible negative consequences of online shopping?

True or false Decide whether the statements are true or false according to the text. Note: For each statement that you think is false, say why. 1. The shop assistant thinks the boys are going to steal something. 2. The security guard asks if the boys want help. 3. Charlie first looks through some jeans. 4. Moses encourages Charlie to try on some trainers. 5. Charlie is going to work hard to be able to buy the trainers. 6. Charlie will try to find the trainers cheaper online. 7. Mo thinks it is a great idea to try things on in the store first. 8. Sam thinks online shopping is bad for the environment. 9. The boys are going to a shop that sells gaming equipment.

reading

10. The security guard thinks that it is wrong to try things in physical stores and then buy them online at a lower price.

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Vocabulary check Fill the gap with the English translation of the word in brackets, in the correct form. Note: The translation should be the one given in the text! 1. Could you please move these ___ (klädställning) out of the way? 2. The new café is much ___ (stilfull, trendig) than the old one. 3. Stop ___ (knuffa lätt) me – I’ve got the point! 4. Lucy never ___ (närma sig) people she doesn’t know. 5. The book shop on King’s Road ___ (gå i konkurs) last month. 6. Did you really ___ (klämma) the last bit of toothpaste out? 7. The ___ (sula) on these sneakers are much too big! 8. Bob is always ___ (mumla) about how unfair life is. 9. The actress clapped her hands and ___ (dra sig tillbaka) from the stage. 10. The teacher is ___ (uppenbar) very pleased with the students’ results.

Between the lines Discuss with a partner. Give reasons for your answers. 1. Why does the shop assistant approach the boys? 2. Do you think the boys feel bad about shopping online at a low price and using the physical stores to see the product? Why/Why not? 3. What can a physical store do to make customers buy things? 4. How is the “shopping experience” different in a physical shop compared to shopping online? 5. What are your thoughts on “showrooming”, i.e. when people first look at a product in a physical shop and then buy it online at a lower price? 6. What are your thoughts on “webrooming”, i.e. when people first find information and reviews about a product in online shops and then buy it in a physical store, where they can also see it for real?

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SHOP YILL YOU DROP:

Well worn

Not new

reading

Second-hand shopping has become very popular in recent years. That said, the use of second-hand items such as clothes is not a new phenomenon. Servants were selling their employers’ unwanted attire to poor people hundreds of years ago. There has, however, until more recently always been a social stigma associated with buying and using second-hand items in general, and clothing in particular. Those involved in the second-hand market, with the exception of the antiques trade, were often seen as poor or belonging to a low social class. There were a couple of periods when this was not the case. During World War Two, when most people struggled to make ends meet, governments encouraged citizens to “make do and mend”. Youth subcultures also made second-hand clothing acceptable and even desirable. Beatniks, hippies and punks wore second-hand clothing to make a statement against elitist fashion and consumer society.

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“Let us not be too particular; it is better to have old second-hand diamonds than none at all.” Mark Twain (1835 –1910), poet

Pros of buying second-hand Wearing and using second-hand items has now become respectable thanks to a number of factors. Increased concern about the environment and the need for sustainable consumption means the thought of recycling and reusing items is now attractive. Since second-hand goods tend to be considerably cheaper than new ones, shopping this way means money can be spent on other things or saved in difficult economic times. Vintage styles, from the Victorian era to 1980s disco, are distinctive and present a strong image to the world.

antiques attire

Sophie Ellis-Bextor, singer and songwriter

Treasure hunting online... You can visit the biggest second-hand shop in the world without leaving your home. eBay, the online auction site, has hundreds of millions of active registered users worldwide. A major part of the transactions carried out on eBay consists of second-hand items sold by private individuals. These types of transactions are known as consumer-to-consumer electronic commerce. It is the modern-day equivalence of using the classifieds section of your local newspaper or going to an auction, one difference being that you run a higher risk of getting cheated at online auctions.

förknippa

kläder

beatnik kulturell rörelse i 1950-talets USA citizen

medborgare

classifieds

radannonser

competitive

tävlingsinriktad

concern

intresse, oro

desirable

önskvärd

considerable märkvärd dictate

mycket,

befalla

distinctive

utmärkande

employer

arbetsgivare

encourage

uppmuntra

equivalent

motsvarighet

exception

in particular increase item

“I’m really interested in fashion but at the same time I find it quite competitive. Second-hand stuff leaves you more open to whatever your own personal style is rather than feeling dictated to by shops.”

antikviteter

associate

sak

undantag

öka

i synnerhet

make a statement ett budskap make do

förmedla

nöja sig med

make ends meet få ekonomin att gå ihop mend

laga

particular

här petig, speciell

phenomenon företeelse pro

fenomen,

här fördel

recent

senare, det senaste

recycle

återvinna

servant

tjänare

stigma stigma, negativ stämpel struggle

kämpa

sustainable tend to trade

hållbar

tendera att, bruka

handel, bransch

transaction transaktion, pengaöverföring vintage

gammaldags, antikt

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...and in real life

reading

Despite the success of eBay and similar online shopping outlets, physical shops continue to do good business on the high street. Many customers prefer to see what they are buying in person. They want to try on the clothes or examine more closely the coffee table that would fit nicely by the sofa in the living room. The enthusiastic shopper can choose to hunt around antique shops, charity shops, jumble sales, car boot sales or second-hand markets.

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attract

Camden Market

attrahera

bargain

“Clothes are my drug. I love Camden Market – I have so many vintage pieces from there it’s unbelievable. Clothes are really important to me, they give me that feeling of happiness. I love being a bit free with it all and not giving myself rules.” Kaya Scodelario, actress

If you like to shop around for bargains and items that cannot be found in a chain store, there are few better places to go than London. England’s capital city is home to a number of stylish second-hand shops and a variety of markets. The markets in the Camden Town district attract hundreds of thousands of visitors, both Londoners and tourists, making them the fourth most visited tourist attraction in London. The determined shopper can uncover a treasure trove of alternative clothing fashion, stylish jewellery, vintage furniture, rare books and films. Though there is money to be saved, you might find yourself coming away with more than you bargained on!

pruta, förhandla

car boot sale bakluckeloppis chain store charity

kedjebutik

välgörenhet

despite

trots, oaktat

determined district

examine

besluten

distrikt, område

jewellery

undersöka smycken

jumble sale basar, loppmarknad outlet piece

prefer rare

butik, marknad

här sak, klädesplagg föredra

sällsynt

treasure trove guldgruva unbelievable uncover

skatt, otrolig

avslöja, upptäcka

General understanding Complete the sentences below in your own words, making sure the meaning matches the information given in the text. 1. During the Second World War, people... 2. Some youth cultures... 3. One good reason for buying second-hand is... 4. Another reason is... 5. On the Internet, there are... 6. One advantage of shopping in real shops is... 7. Camden Market is...

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Multiple choice Choose the correct answer: a, b, c or d. 1. What did servants sell hundreds of years ago? a) Their attire b) Their second-hand clothes c) Clothes that had belonged to the people they worked for d) Poor people’s clothes 2. What did the government tell people to do during World War Two? a) Make ends meet b) Sell their attire c) Keep and repair what they had d) Send their clothes to the soldiers 3. Why did some youth subcultures wear second-hand clothing? a) To protest against consumerism b) To save the environment c) To make ends meet d) To get a unique image 4. Which of the following is NOT a reason for the popularity of the secondhand market today? a) Saving the environment b) Making money on online auction sites c) Saving money d) Creating a distinctive image

reading

5. Where are you least likely to find second-hand items? a) In the classifieds section of local newspapers b) In jumble sales c) In car boot sales d) In the supermarket 6. What is true about Camden? a) It is a popular second hand shop. b) It is one of the two most popular tourist attraction in London. c) It is a neighbourhood in London. d) It is a popular market area in New York.

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Vocabulary check Match the words from the text with the correct synonym. 1. considerable

a. interest, worry

2. dedicated

b. old-fashioned

3. distinctive

c. lasting

4. vintage

d. devoted

5. rare

e. wanted

6. outlet

f. original

7. item

g. unusual

8. concern

h. clothes

9. determined

i. thing

10. desirable

j. big

11. attire

k. strong-minded

12. sustainable

l. market, store

Between the lines Discuss with a partner. Give reasons for your answers. 1. Why do you think buying second-hand can be seen as a social stigma? 2. Why do you think some rich and famous people choose to buy secondhand clothes? 3. What can be the effect of famous people buying second-hand clothing? 4. Are there any disadvantages – personal or environmental – of buying second hand items online? 5. Do you buy/Would you consider buying second hand clothes for yourself? 6. Is it fair that younger siblings often get hand-me-downs from their older siblings?

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SHOP YILL YOU DROP:

You’re worth it Advertising plays an important part in how we spend our money and a lot of thought goes into the creation of commercials.

Listen to the five radio commercials.

General understanding Read through the questions 1–6. Then listen to the first part of the sound clip. Answer the questions below either by writing one or more words or by marking the best alternative: a, b, c or d. 1. What is the metaphore used to describe Jamaica? It is a ... 2. What does the Jamaica commercial suggest you should do at night?

listening reading

3. What can you eat a lot of in Jamaica, according to the commercial? a) Burgers b) Fish c) Bananas d) Coconut 4. What does the man in the schampoo advert do? a) He is a professional runner. b) He is a model. c) He competes in many events. d) He is a pole dancer. 5. Why does Guy Brush like the pole vault?

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6. What does Guy suggest the young fan should do? a) Go to the hair dresser b) Buy a particular hair product c) Not to work so hard d) Start training

addictive beroendeframkallande

advertising annonsering beat takt, rytm boast

skryta

cash

pengar, kontanter

ceiling

Answer questions 1–6. Then read through questions 7–13 and listen to the last part of the sound clip. 7. What is haggis? a) A small animal found in the Highlands b) A traditional English dish c) A dish traditionally made from sheep d) A Scottish sausage 8. In what way is eating haggis claimed to be good for the environment? it is ... 9. Where is Primo Burger located?

cliff

tak, innertak

klippa, stup

commercial

11. What does the commercial say about Primo Burger? a) It has the cheapest burgers on the West Coast. b) It has windows with a great view. c) Eating there can be a disappointment. d) It has tables outdoors. 12. Why did the woman in the advert have laser eye surgery? She was ... 13. In which advert is an actual price given? a) Hair shampoo b) Haggis c) Primo burger bar d) Laser eye surgery

vara olik, skilja sig från

event

(tävlings)gren

dine äta middag

excel utmärka sig gain få

go the extra mile sig lite extra hike

anstränga

fotvandra

interest-free

räntefri

national dish

nationalrätt

lobster

hummer

erbjuda; erbjudande

pepper shrimp pole vault prepare

reassure setting

förbereda

uppmuntran ansvar

inramning, miljö

slice

bit, skiva

sole

här enda

snapper

spacious stroll

pepparräka

stavhopp

responsibility

snapper, fisksort rymlig

promenera, strosa

stunning vacker, fantastisk, bedårande

subject to med förbehåll för, grundad på surgery track

kirurgi

här löparbana

unspoiled

Answer questions 7–13.

jämförelse

differ

offer

10. What is said to be the only purpose of the staff at Primo Burger?

reklamfilm

comparison

oförstörd

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SHOP YILL YOU DROP:

Money talks Discuss Discuss in groups. 1. Are you a saver or a spender? Give examples. 2. What do you most, and least, like shopping for? Why? 3. What do you spend most of your money on? 4. Do you prefer to shop online or in “real” shops? Why? 5. What are the pros and cons of shopping online? 6. What will our shopping habits be like in the future? 7. If you owned a shop, what sort of shop would it be? Why? 8. Do you often buy second-hand items? Why/why not?

Priorities

speaking reading

Spending money is all about making priorities. Work in small groups. First, rank the items below according to what you personally find most important. Then share your list with the rest of the group and discuss and compare your choices.

Holidays abroad

A pleasant home, interiors and furniture

Clothes and make-up

Going out, clubbing, entertainment

Computers and technology

Cars, motorcycles, boats etc.

Good food

Other: ...

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Catchy commercials Work in goups of two to four people. On a piece of paper, write down a common product, for example a pair of trainers, a soft drink or a toothpaste. Swap your piece of paper with another group. Your task is to make a commercial for the product you have been given. The commercial should be between 15 and 30 seconds long and it should be filmed using a video camera or mobile phone. Finish off by watching all the commercials on a big screen in class (connect to classroom media or upload it to YouTube).

Tips: How to make a commercial Some general tips about advertising

• •

First of all, identify your customer/target group and how to appeal to them.

Use language and/or images to get attention. Questions like “Want to know how to become a millionaire?” or statements such as “The best way to stop smoking” will get people interested in your message.

Hold the interest of potential customers and stimulate them to buy your product by appealing to their emotional or practical side. Show briefly and clearly how your product will benefit them by saving them money, making them feel better about themselves, giving them a positive experience etc.

Use images that reflect your brand values: e.g. a picture of a healthy-looking, happy person might be used in an advert for a book about how to stop smoking.

Treat your target group with respect! People are often wary of advertising, so DO NOT patronize, use clichés, make false claims or be too aggressive.

Making video commercials Using people in your commercial is a safe bet – we all find it easier to relate to people than to products. In order to grab the viewer’s attention, make sure to keep the lines short and effective. Also, choose a setting and props that relate to what the commercial is trying to sell. For example, a commercial for sun cream should probably not be set in a rainy parking lot. Last but not least, finish off with a strong punchline that leaves the viewer with a positive feeling.

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SHOP YILL YOU DROP:

Work buy consume die If I won the lottery... Imagine that you have won the lottery – what would you do with the money? Write three separate lists describing how you would spend the money if you won: a) 100,000 Swedish crowns, b)1 million Swedish crowns, c)10 million Swedish crowns Your lists should be in bullet points and each point should be followed by a motivation, explaining why you would spend money on that certain item.

Finish the sentences Finish the sentences in a suitable way with your own ideas. 1. Rich people should spend... 2. Shopping has always been... 3. Being poor cannot... 4. Internet shopping does not... 5. A good reason to save money is...

writing reading

Write a discussion essay Write a discussion essay about consumerism. The essay should be between 300 and 500 words long. Choose your own topic or use one of the following:

• • •

Will consumerism be the death of mankind? Why do we need to consume? Is online shopping the future?

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Tips: How to write a discussion essay A discussion essay is a balanced, objective examination of a certain question. The writer must remain neutral at all times, whatever their own personal feelings on the subject! Know your subject: Research the subject before writing and before you decide on a title. Write an outline: Go through your research and plan how the essay is going to look. Make an outline of the points you want to make and in what order they will come. Writing the essay: 1. Introduction: Grab the reader’s attention with the first sentence. Explain what the essay is about and which questions you intend to explore. 2. Main body: Present your findings and refer to the sources you have used, e.g. literature, surveys or interviews. Divide your text under logical headlines and structure the text into paragraphs, starting a new paragraph for each new point. 3. Conclusion: Keep it short. Restate your intention from the introduction. Summarize the main answer your essay has found. Give your own opinion and try to end with something thought-provoking.

Creating fluency

• • •

Variety: Start and finish your sentences in different ways. Try to create variety by mixing sentence structure and length, vocabulary and active/passive forms. Expressive language: An expressive text – with a good rhythm, an appealing choice of words and a variety of sentences – is usually more interesting to read. Find out if your text is expressive by reading it aloud to yourself. Linking devices: A linking device is a word or a phrase that links clauses or sentences into longer segments, giving your text added fluency. Linking devices can have different functions, such as explaining a sequence or making a comparison. Some common linking devices and functions include: ◉ Sequence: first, next, also, finally, in conclusion, to summarize ◉ Addition: and, in addition, also, furthermore, as well as ◉ Contrast: but, yet, however, still, although, in contrast, nonetheless, whereas ◉ Result: so, thus, therefore, as a result, hence, consequently ◉ Reason: for, as, since, because, due to, owing to, thanks to ◉ Comparison: also, similarly, likewise, just as, compared to ◉ Emphasis: obviously, indeed, undoubtedly, certainly, in fact ◉ Example: for example, for instance, such as, namely, including

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SHOP YILL YOU DROP:

Names and nouns Names Names of people, places, organizations, etc. always begin with a capital letter. In English, capital letters are also used for days, months and festive holidays: I’m going away on Tuesday, but I will be back in March. We are going abroad for Christmas. Names are usually used in the indefinite form (John, Lucy, Sweden, Asia, London, Buckingham Palace) but there are some exceptions: Families: the Smiths, the Andersons (note the plural ending) Seas and rivers: the Atlantic, the Thames Mountain ranges and island groups: the Himalayas, the Canary Islands Hotels, restaurants, museums: the Hilton, the Red Lion, the National Gallery Certain parts of the world: the Middle East, the West, the Antarctic Certain organizations and companies: the BBC, the UN, the EU, the CIA

grammar reading

Titles Just as in Swedish, personal titles begin with capital letters: Doctor, Professor, General. The most common personal titles are: Mr (herr), Mrs (fru) and Miss (fröken), which is being replaced more and more by Ms (which does not specify marital status). Titles of books, films, songs and essays use capital letters for each word except articles, prepositions and coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, for, etc.) Gone with the Wind Love Is in the Air Something Wicked This Way Comes

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Collective nouns Collective nouns are words that describe a collection of things that are counted as a whole, such as team and group. Many collective nouns are used in the singular, but can also be used in the plural, depending on whether the collection is mostly seen as a whole (verb in the singular) or mostly as a set of individuals (verb in the plural) in the specific context. The crowd were throwing stones. The crowd was upset. The audience were clapping. The audience was large. Arsenal has financial problems. Arsenal have scored three goals. More examples of collective nouns are: band, class, company, crew, family, government, majority, number, public

Practise names, titles, collective nouns A. Translate the sentences, using capital letters where appropriate and remembering to include all necessary punctuation: 1. Förra påsken hälsade fröken Jones på familjen Carter i Alperna. 2. Fru Svensson bor på Ritz i London varje september. 3. Representanter från EU besökte Vita huset i fredags. 4. Herr Edwards går till King’s Head vid Nilen varje torsdag. B. Add capital letters to the film titles where appropriate: 1. the best years of our lives

5. death of a salesman

9. meet me in st. louis

2. born on the fourth of july

6. a face in the crowd

10. my life as a dog

3. cat on a hot tin roof

7. fists in the pocket

11. the quiet man

4. the color of money

8. hannah and her sisters

12. a room with a view

C. Write two sentences for five of the following collective nouns – one where the noun is used in the singular and one where the noun is used in the plural: audience, band, class, company, crew, crowd, family, government, group, majority, number, public, team

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Compound nouns Compound nouns are nouns that are made up of two or more words. The words can come from different word classes, for example: Noun + noun: football, bus stop, girlfriend, hairstyle, bookcase, shoe shop Adjective + noun: whiteboard, full moon, leather trousers Verb + noun: swimming pool, washing machine, breakfast, driving licence Noun + verb: haircut, sunset, rainfall, trainspotting Verb + preposition: check-in, take-off, lookout Noun + prepositional phrase: mother-in-law, Member of Parliament Compound nouns can be formed in three different ways: Spaced: with space between the words: horse race, mobile phone, shopping basket Closed: with no space between the words: bedroom, housewife, basketball Hyphenated: with a hyphen between the words: x-ray Spaced compound nouns are generally more common in English than in Swedish, especially for longer words. There are no exact rules about spacing, which means that certain compound nouns can be formed in different ways: paper clip, paperclip, paper-clip. If you are unsure, it is generally safer to use spacing.

Abstract nouns Abstract nouns are words that refer to something that does not exist in the physical world, e.g. an idea, a quality, a concept or a feeling, such as love or hatred.

grammar reading

Many abstract nouns can be recognized by their suffix (ending). Common suffixes for abstract nouns are: -tion: description, satisfaction, administration, application -ism: tourism, buddhism, alcoholism -ment: enjoyment, punishment, astonishment -ness: happiness, rudeness, thickness, fairness -ity: quality, sanity, reality, authority Other common suffixes for abstract nouns are: -ance, -ence, -ship, -dom, -cy, -th, -age, -ability, -ing, -hood

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Practise compound nouns Make 20 compound nouns using the words in the box. Example: orange juice orange dog foot day match cleaner hand shoe house shop juice film door face ball pet gift tree machine washing cream tennis window camera Christmas box powder food

Practise abstract nouns A. Fill the gap by translating the word in brackets: 1. This cheap stove will give you a lot of ___ (värme) in the winter. 2. Anne showed a lot of ___ (generositet) at the restaurant. 3. The ___ (mognad) of this cheese is superb! 4. The shopkeepers had a good ___ (partnerskap). 5. My ___ (barndom) was a time of ___ (fattigdom). 6. After the shopping, she felt a sense of ___ (tomhet). 7. The boss gave me a pay rise and lots of ___ (uppmuntran). 8. There is no ___ (jämlikhet) in the world. B. Create abstract nouns from the following verbs: produce, qualify, die, manage, vary, amuse, explain, oppose, embarrass, act, grow, permit, treat, behave C. Create abstract nouns from the following adjectives: weak, strong, honest, kind, red, brave, beautiful, different, difficult, wise, unique, equal, loyal, authentic D. Write ten sentences containing abstract nouns ending with: -ance, -ence, -ship, -dom, -cy, -th, -age, -ability, -ing, -hood

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Idioms Below are some idioms that are related to money and consumption. Match the idiom with the correct explanation. Then write five sentences using five of the idioms. A. pour money down the drain B. shop talk C. put all your eggs in one basket D. put your money where your mouth is E. on me F. pay through the nose G. shop around H. retail therapy I. beyond one’s means J. break even K. bring home the bacon L. chip in M. peanuts N. get one’s money’s worth O. make ends meet P. money talks Q. on a shoestring R. pennies from heaven

1. very little money 2. I am paying 3. get what you pay for 4. compare prices before buying 5. money is power 6. on a tight budget 7. conversation about business/job 8. invest all your money in one thing 9. have just enough money 10. make a contribution 11. pay too much for something 12. earn the family living 13. shopping in order to cheer up 14. unexpected money 15. more expensive than one can afford 16. make neither a profit nor a loss 17. waste money 18. do something instead of talking about it

Proverbs

bonus reading

Work in pairs or small groups. Discuss the proverbs below and try to figure out what they mean. 1. A fool and his money are soon parted. 2. There is no such thing as a free lunch. 3. A penny saved is a penny earned. 4. Beggars can’t be choosers. 5. One man’s loss is another man’s gain. 6. Half a loaf is better than no bread.

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Tove Phillips

Engelska 6

Läromedlet består av både tryckta och digitala komponenter: Elevbok med texter, övningar och tipsrutor

511-0565-9

Digitalt läromedel, elevlicens, med ljud, interaktiva övningar, filmer och länkar

40-68910-8

Digitalt läromedel, lärarlicens, med facit, hörförståelsemanus och andra lärarresurser

40-68911-5

Pick & Mix 2

PICK & MIX är ett unikt och nytänkande basläromedel för Engelska steg 6 på gymnasiet och komvux. Materialet erbjuder ett flexibelt arbetssätt som ger läraren möjlighet att skräddarsy undervisningen enligt sina behov.

Tove Phillips

Simon Phillips

Simon Phillips

Pick & Mix 2

ISBN 9789151105659

9 789151 105659

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9789151105659  

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