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swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr irport dsMbr 2011

swkw drbwr swihjb Xwdgwr kmytI mYNbr: gurqyj isMG, Ajmyr isMG, pRo. jgmohn isMG, ey. Awr. drSI jwrI krqw: Kwlsw AYkSn kmytI, dl Kwlsw, SoRmxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI), pMQk syvw lihr


qqkrw mu`KbMd

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jUn 1984 qoN jUn 2011 q`k

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bwbw dIp isMG qoN sMq jrnYl isMG q`k dw ieiqhwsk s&r

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&OjI hmly dw kihr Aqy ShwdqW dI AlOikk JwkI!

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jWbwz sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwly

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swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr ik`Qy auswrI jwvy?

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ShIdI Xwdgwr: kdoN kI hoieAw?

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AMiqkw 1: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr auswrn leI sMq bwbw hrnwm isMG jI DuMmw ƒ p`qr

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AMiqkw 2: Letter to Dr. Jaspal Singh-Dr. Prithpal Singh Kapur

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AMiqkw 3: lok rwie iek`TI krn leI ieSiqhwr

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AMiqkw 4: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI mYNbrW dI sMKyp jwx-pihcwx

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AMiqkw 5: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI dIAW mYNbr jQybMdIAW dI sMKyp jwx-pihcwx

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AMiqkw 6: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr dI auswrI leI cox kIqy sQwnW dIAW qsvIrW

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mu`K-bMd swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr dw ipCokV drbwr swihb, AMimRqsr au~qy jUn 1984 iv`c ihMdusqwn dI srkwr dIAW v&wdwr &OjW v`loN hmlw kIqw igAw[ ipClI sdI dI Aw^rI cOQweI dOrwn hmly leI izMmyvwr qkrIbn hryk v`loN srv-ivAwpk rUp 'c iekbwl kIqw igAw hY ik ieh hmlw byloVw, ivArQ Aqy qbwhkuMn sI[ Akwl q^q swihb, SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI, hor is`K isAwsI jQybMdIAW Aqy sMsQwvW ny is`KW kOm iv`c ies swky dI Xwdgwr bxwaux sbMDI ivAwpk sQweI SkqISwlI jzbwq ƒ smyN-smyN jnqk vwAidAW rwhIN pRvwngI id`qI sI[ ipCokV iv`c v`K-v`K jQybMdIAW ny Awpxy-Awpxy invykly FMgW nwl (Xwdp`qr dy ky, ibAwnW rwhIN, Bu`K hVqwlW kr ky) Xwdgwr dI loV ƒ kOmI soc Aqy sMklp iv`c ijaUNdw r`iKAw[ ijvyN ik ies irport iv`c ivsQwr nwl d`isAw igAw hY, SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI ny Akwl q^q swihb, dmdmI tkswl Aqy kOm-pRsq j`QybMdIAW dy dbwA hyTW ShIdW dI Xwdgwr sQwpq krn dy mMqv leI 8 jUn 2011 ƒ ie`k kmytI bxweI[ cwr pMQk jQybMdIAW - dL ^wlsw, ^wlsw AYkSn kmytI, SRomxI AkwlI dL (pMc pRDwnI) Aqy pMQk syvw lihr (dwdUvwl) ny iek`iTAW ho ky SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI v`loN bxweI kmytI nwl rwbqw kwiem krn Aqy AijhI Xwdgwr leI Kwkw iqAwr krn leI swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI dw gTn kIqw[ Akwl q^q swihb dy swbkw jQydwr igAwnI joigMdr isMG vydWqI, mOjUdw jQydwr igAwnI gurbcn isMG -dohW ny duhrwieAw hY ik swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr bxnI cwhIdI hY[ aunHW dy bcnW ƒ AwdyS smJ ky kuJ hlcl hoeI sI ijs sdkw swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI ny Awpxyy v`loN ie`k irport bxw ky Akwl q^q swihb dy jQydwr, SRomxI kmytI v`loN nwmzd kmytI Aqy SRomxI kmytI pRDwn ƒ dyx dw &Yslw kIqw sI[ swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI ny drbwr swihb smUh dw dOrw kIqw, keI QWvW dI pihcwx kIqI, SRomxI kmytI-Akwl q^q swihb v`loN bxweI kmytI dy mYNbrW nwl qwlmyl kIqw[ ies kmytI dy mYNbrW ny Xwdgwr dI jgHw Aqy ies nwl sbMDq hor mu`idAW dy ivSy 'qy jQybMdIAW Aqy ivAkqIAW ƒ s`idAw Aqy auhnW dI rwie iek`qr kIqI[ nwl hI A^bwr iv`c ieSiqhwr id`qw igAw, eI. myl rwhIN svwlnwmw/pRSn-sUcI Byj ky ivcwr iek`Ty kIqy gey[ keI guris`KW ny tYlI&on kr ky AwpxI rwie id`qI[ ies qoN ielwvw 3


Pysbu`k rwhIN vI ivcwr pRwpq hoey[ “swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI” dy s`dy 'qy jUn 1984 dy G`lUGwry mOky ShId hoey isMG-isMGxIAW dy pirvwrk mYNbr 31 julweI 2011 ƒ gurduAwrw ShId gMj, bI blwk, AMimRqsr ivKy iek`qr hoey Aqy Awpxy ivcwr id`qy[ swƒ KuSI hY ik pMjwb, ihMdusqwn dy hornW sUibAW Aqy ivdySW qoN jQybMdIAW Aqy ivAkqIAW ny vI ivcwr pyS kIqy[ keI ShIdW dy irSqydwrW nwl vI mulwkwq kIqI geI Aqy auhnW dI rwie Aqy ivcwr jwxy gey[ hQlI irport iv`c kmytI v`loN pUry ivsQwr nwl d`isAw igAw hY ik SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI dw rol kI sI, juJwrU jQybMdIAW dw rol kI sI, is`K kOmIAq ƒ smripq is`K kOmI jQybMdIAW Aqy Awm is`KW v`loN swkw drbwr swihb dy ShIdW ƒ Xwd krn leI kI auprwly v`K-v`K smyN kIqy gey[ SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI, SRomxI AkwlI dl (bwdl) Aqy Bwrq srkwr ny ies ƒ nw bxn dyx leI kI mwhOl bxwieAw Aqy kI kwrguzwrI kIqI[ eys sB dw sMkyqk vyrvw vI id`qw igAw hY[ pMjwb Aqy pMjwb qoN bwhr is`KW ƒ r`qI Br vI ivSvws nhIN hY ik SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI jW SRomxI AkwlI dl (bwdl) ShIdI Xwdgwr bxwaux leI qqpr hn[ swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI dw ieh mMnxw hY ik ieh Xwdgwr XkInI qW hI bxweI jw skdI hY jy is`K jQybMdIAW Aqy S^sIAqW Awpxw dbwA jwrI r`Kx[ swfw ieh idRV ivSvwS hY ik is`K kOmIAq dw JMfw bulMd r`Kx leI, Bwrqis`K jMg jUn 1984 (swkw drbwr swihb 1984) iv`c jwnW inCwvr krn vwilAW dI kdr Aqy siqkwr ijaUNdw r`Kx leI, ieh Xwdgwr ie`k Anmol pRyrnw-sRoq hovygI[

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jUn 1984 qoN jUn 2011 q`k jUn 1984 dI Bwrq-is`K jMg, ijs ƒ ies dsqwvyz iv`c “swkw drbwr swihb 1984” ikhw igAw hY, ny Bwrq qy is`KW dy irSiqAW iv`c ie`k nvW dOr SurU kIqw sI[ 1849 iv`c AwpxI AwzwdI gvwaux qoN bwAd, ipClI sdI dy A`sIivAW iv`c pihlI vwrI, is`K ie`k Aijhw mwhOl isrjx iv`c kwmXwb hoey ijs qihq auh AwpxI Awzwd hsqI ƒ dubwrw surjIq vI kr sky Aqy aus ƒ Aml iv`c ilAwaux leI in`gr auprwly vI kIqy gey[ ies dOrwn is`K kOm dI isDWqk ivl`Kxqw dI soc dw vI pswr hoieAw[ ieh ienklwbI dOr, Bwrq v`loN is`KW nwl kIqy vwAidAW dI inrwdrI Aqy vDIkIAW dI lMbI dwsqwn dw is`tw sI[ ijs qrHW aumId sI, BwrqI inzwm, jo ik ipClI sdI dy s`TivAW Aqy s`qrivAW iv`c is`KW dI muk`ml iKlw&q leI jwixAw jw cu`kw sI, ny koeI nvIN g`l nhIN kIqI[ idRVHqw nwl g`lbwq rwhIN msly h`l krn dy rwh nhIN ipAw igAw nw hI pYNqVybwzI Aqy Asrdwr qrIky vrqy gey[ ieMdrw gWDI dI AgvweI hyT Bwrq srkwr ny AMimRqsr iv`c drbwr swihb iv`c Aqy smu`cy pMjwb dy 37 hor gurduAwirAW iv`c v`fy &OjI Amly nwl hmlw kr ky jUn 1984 dI jMg SurU kr id`qI[ ies hmly dw idKwvy-mwqr mMqv “mu`TI Br hiQAwrbMd lokW ƒ drbwr swihb qoN htwaux” dw d`isAw igAw pr hmly dw AslI mMqv ieh sI ik is`KW ƒ dbwieAw-DmkwieAw jwvy, dmdmI tkswl v`loN smu`cy pMjwb iv`c AwrMBI Aqy zorW 'qy c`l rhI Aqy pRPu`lq ho rhI DrmpRcwr Aqy AMimRq-pRcwr lihr ƒ roikAw jwvy Aqy ijhVy is`K idRVHqw nwl is`K kOm dI Awzwd hsqI leI lVn dIAW g`lW krdy sI, Awvwz bulMd kr rhy sI, aunHW ƒ hr hIly kucilAw jwvy[ swkw drbwr swihb 1984 dOrwn drbwr swihb iv`c sYNkVy is`K ShId hoey, Akwl q^q swihb ƒ BwrI bMbwrI nwl FwihAw igAw Aqy is`K kOm ƒ sdIvI z^m id`qy gey[ ies qoN bwAd SurU hoieAw qS`dd Aqy &rzI mukwbilAW, gYr-kwƒnI guMmSudgIAW Aqy kqlogwrq dw dOr; is`K lIfriSp dI nwlwiekI, ZlqIAW Aqy g`dwrIAW dw dOr[ 1982 dIAW eySIAn KyfW vyly is`KW ƒ v`fy p`Dr 'qy zlIl kr ky byZwngI dw Aihsws krvwieAw igAw Aqy bdslUkI kIqI geI[ c`py-c`py 'qy qwienwq BwrqI &Oj, pMjwb puils, nIm-&OjI dsqy Aqy ZYr-kwƒnI srkwrI hiQAwrbMd toilAW v`loN pMjwb ƒ ie`k &OjI kYNp iv`c qbdIl kr id`qw igAw[ byqhwSw mnu`KI AiDkwrW dIAW aulMGxwvW, ijnHW iv`c &rzI puls mukwbilAW iv`c byrihmI nwl kql; AxpCwqIAW lwSW kih ky sYNkVy nOjvwnW ƒ swVnw; 5


ienklwbI Aqy rvwieqI, dovyN iksmW dy isAwsI AwgUAW dI igR&qwrIAW, qS`dd; Awpxy jW pMjwb dy h`kW leI jUJx vwly hr ie`k ƒ lMby smyN leI nzrbMd r`Kxw; guMmSudgIAW, zlIl krnw, qMg-prySwn krnw; sur`iKAW dsiqAW Aqy pMjwb puls dI ihrwsq iv`c mwr-mukwauxw -ieh sB kuJ, is`KW leI pMjwb Aqy Bwrq iv`c in`q dI hoxI bx igAw sI[ nvMbr 1984 dy pihly iqMn idn qy cwr kwlIAW rwqW auh smW sI jd 'dunIAW dy sB qoN v`fy jmhUrI mulk' dy 117 SihrW Aqy ksibAW iv`c is`KW ƒ izMdw jlwieAw igAw, z^mI kIqw igAw, AOrqW nwl bdslUkI kIqI geI, Grbwr lu`t ky rwK kr id`qy gey[ ieh sB kuJ srkwrI inzwm dI pUrI Sih 'qy, v`fy lIfrW dy hukmW nwl, srkwrI AdwirAW dy imlvrqx nwl Aqy Bwrq dy lokW dI KwmoS rzwmMdI nwl hoieAw[ auprMq coxW iv`c Bwrq dy lokW ny kwqlW dI pwrtI ƒ v`fI bhuigxqI nwl ijqw ky is`KW dy z^mW 'qy lUx iCVikAw jo ik is`K kdy vI Bulw nhIN skdy[ iksy ie`k vI ivAkqI ƒ aus vihSIAwnw zulm leI ksUrvwr Tihrw ky szw nhI id`qI geI BwvyN ik srkwrI AMkiVAW muqwbk 3325 jIA mwry gey, hwlWik mwry gey lokW dI ZYr-srkwrI igxqI 5000 qoN v`D d`sI jWdI hY[ drbwr swihb dy ShIdW dI Xwdgwr dI g`l kridAW ie`Qy ieh kihxw zrUrI hY ik id`lI ivKy byksUr mwry gey is`KW dI Aqy auhnW 'qy Fwhy gey Axmnu`KI zulm dI qsvIr drswauNdI FukvIN Xwdgwr vI id`lI ivc lwzmI auswrI jwxI cwhIdI hY[ BwrqI inzwm Aqy BwrqI lokW ny AwswnI nwl nzr AwauNdy is`KW ƒ cux-cux ky zlIl kIqw[ is`KW Aqy Bwrq iv`c hI nhI blik is`KW Aqy BwrqIAW iv`c ie`k v`fw pwVw pYdw kIqw[ 1985 dy pMjwb smJOqy -rwjIv lONgovwl smJOqw jo ik Bwrq Aqy is`KW dy do v`fy lIfrW ivcwly sI, ƒ vI nhIN siqkwirAw igAw[ jmhUrIAq psMd dsqwvyz AnMdpur swihb dy mqy ƒ Zlq rMgq id`qI geI Aqy aus dy AwDwr 'qy Bwrq Br iv`c is`KW ƒ bdnwm kIqw igAw[ sMswr Br iv`c Dwrmk rucI r`Kx vwly hr qrHW dy is`KW ny cwhy auh Dwrmk qOr 'qy prp`k sn jW nhIN - swkw drbwr swihb dy hmly dy juAwb iv`c is`K ifplomsI dw ie`k Aijhw dOr SurU kIqw ijs qihq aunHW ny Awpxy-Awpxy mulkW dy pwrlImwnI mYNbrW ƒ, coxvy AdwirAW nwl rwbqw kwiem kr ky, pMjwb iv`c qy ihMdusqwn iv`c is`KW dI ho rhI nslkuSI dy FMg-qrIikAW dI jwxkwrI id`qI Aqy kOmWqrI BweIcwry qoN d^lAMdwzI dI mMg kIqI[ jUn 1984 qoN bwAd, AswnI nwl hwr nw mMnx vwly is`K nOjvwn XoiDAW ny srkwrI A`qvwd qoN AwpxI hoNd Aqy hsqI mih&Uz r`Kx leI, svY-r`iKAw ^wqr, puils, nIm &OjI dsiqAW Aqy &Oj dw is`KI AsUlW Anuswr twkrw kIqw qy Bwrq dI eIn mMnx qoN ienkwr kr id`qw[ is`K nOjvwn XoiDAW ny mwxm`qy ieiqhws ƒ duhrwauNdy hoey, swkw drbwr swihb dOrwn ShId hoey isMG-isMGxIAW vWg Shwdq pw ky is`K ieiqhws ƒ muV jIvq kr id`qw sI[ 6


drbwr swihb dy hmly qoN bwAd hzwrW dI igxqI iv`c ShIdIAW hoeIAW[ swkw drbwr swihb 1984 dy jvwb iv`c BwrqI &Oj ivcly is`K &OjIAW dy ie`k AxKIly ih`sy ny bZwvq kr ky is`K ieiqhws iv`c ie`k mwx-m`qw kWf joiVAw ijs dw hwly vI ieiqhwskwrW Aqy ilKwrIAW ny pUrI qrHW mulWkx nhIN kIqw hY pr is`K kOm ny aunHW dI ihMmq Aqy dlyrI dw mwx krdy hoey aunHW ƒ “DrmI &OjI” dy lkb nwl invwijAw[ ies jMg dy fyF dhwky qoN bwAd vI, kuJ ienklwbI pwrtIAW Aqy S^sIAqW ny jmhUrIAq psMd qrIky nwl is`KI jzby ƒ kwiem r`iKAw; Bwrq srkwr Aqy pMjwb dI isAwsq 'qy kwbz is`K AwgUAW dy rol dw prdw&wS kIqw Aqy auh is`KW dy Dwrmk, AwrQk, siBAwcwrk Aqy smwjI h`kW leI jUJdIAW Aw rhIAW hn[ BwrqI &Oj, nIm &OjI dsqy Aqy pMjwb puils dy zwlmwnw Aqy jwn-lyvw rv`eIey kwrx pMjwb iv`c ShIdW dI Xwdgwr muq`lk koeI lgwqwr muihMm clwauxI kwPI AOKw ijhw kMm sI ikauNik ies iK`qy iv`c kwly kwƒnW dw rwj sI[ twfw, BwrqI sMivDwn dI aunwhTvIN qrmIm, qihq 'jIaUx dw h`k' vI Koh ilAw igAw sI Aqy pMjwb ƒ gVbV vwlw ielwkw krwr dy ky sur`iKAw dsiqAW ƒ AMnHy kwƒnW qihq AsIm A^iqAwr id`qy gey sn ijs kwrx v`fI igxqI iv`c hzwrW dI qwdwd iv`c pMjwb vwsIAW ƒ pMjwb C`f ky jwxw ipAw[ 1984 qoN bwAd BwrI igxqI iv`c lok pMjwb C`fx ƒ mjbUr ho gey sn ikauNik is`K Awzwd mwhOl iv`c ijaUxw psMd krdy hn, auh dubyl bx ky nhIN rih skdy[ ieiqhws ies g`l dw gvwh hY ik ijnHW kOmW dw dmn kIqw jWdw hY aus kOm dy lok sur`iKAq QWvW v`l ihjrq krdy hn[ ies dy bwvjUd, pMjwb Aqy pMjwb qoN bwhr v`sdy is`KW ny Bwrq-is`K jMg iv`c drbwr swihb smUh iv`c ShId hoey is`KW dI Xwd ƒ Awpxy idlW iv`c ijaUNdw r`iKAw Aqy Xwdgwr dI auswrI ihq Xqn vI jwrI r`Ky[ ihMdusqwn qoN bwhr vsdy is`KW ny keI invykly kwrj krdy hoey gurU GrW iv`c ShIdW dIAW qsvIrW lgweIAW, ros mwrc k`Fy, ros Drny id`qy Aqy AwpxIAW srkwrW Aqy numwieMidAW q`k phuMc krky Bwrq srkwr dy JUT Aqy pRwpygMfy dw prdwPwS kIqw[ keI isMGW, pirvwrW Aqy jQybMdIAW ny juJwrU XoiDAW dw ft ky swQ id`qw[ sur`iKAw dsiqAW dI dihSq dy bwvjUd, bMbwrI nwl qbwh hoey Akwl q^q swihb dIAW qsvIrW pMjwb iv`c Awm ho geIAW[ gurduAwirAW qoN lY ky lokW dy GrW iv`c, rswilAW qoN ikqwbW q`k, is`KW ny aus qsvIr ƒ dyKxw qy idRVHqw nwl pRx krnw ik “1984 nhIN B`ulWgy”[ jUn 1984 qoN bwAd ie`k vylw Aijhw vI sI jdoN swfI in`jI Aqy sMgqI Ardws iv`c “vrqmwn Aqy ieiqhwsk ShIdW” ƒ iDAwieAw jWdw irhw[ keI ihridAW iv`c ieh A`j 7


vI hMudw hY[ jUn 1984 dy ShIdW dI Xwdgwr dI loV Aqy bxqr dw mslw ies leI vI DuMdlw hoieAw irhw ikauNik aus vyly dy dmdmI tkswl dy muKI Aqy ies jMg dy nwiek sMq jrnYl isMG ^wlsw iBMfrWvwilAW ƒ kOmI qOr 'qy ShId nhIN sI AYlwinAw igAw[ sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAW dw rol, dyx Aqy bhwdrI, BwrqI inzwm Aqy ^ud is`KW ƒ hYrwn krdw irhw[ kOm dy ie`k ih`sy ny srkwr dy dmn dy dOr dy bwvjUd, aunHW dI Aqy swkw drbwr swihb 1984 dI Xwd ƒ sMkyqk qrIikAW ijvyN ik aunHW dw jnm idn mnwaux, motrW-g`fIAW 'qy aunHW dIAW qsvIrW lwaux, bMbwrI nwl qbwh kIqy Akwl q^q swihb Aqy sMq jrnYl isMG dIAW qsvIrW kYlMfrW Aqy tI. SrtW 'qy Cpvwaux, aunHW dIAW drbwr swihb 'qy hmly qoN pihlW dIAW AwfIE kYistW Aqy sI. fIAW iqAwr krn qy vMfx, drbwr swihb iv`c ShId hoey ShIdW dI sUcI Cwpx Aqy rswilAW iv`c lyK Cpvwaux Aqy pMjwbI zubwn iv`c ikqwbW ilKx rwhIN lgwqwr jwrI r`iKAw[

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bwbw dIp isMG qoN sMq jrnYl isMG q`k dw ieiqhwsk s&r swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI ny gurU-drbwr dI r`iKAw kridAW ShId hox vwilAW dI Xwd iv`c XwdgwrW dI auswrI dy ivSy 'qy is`K pRMprw ƒ smJx dw Xqn kIqw hY[ ies sbMDI iqMn au~GIAW imswlW hn -bwbw dIp isMG, BweI gurb^S isMG inhMg Aqy BweI su`Kw isMG-BweI mihqwb isMG dIAW[ iehnW iv`coN do vwikAW ny BweI mihqwb isMG dy poqy Aqy pRwcIn pMQ pRkwS dy rcYqw rqn isMG BMgU dw coKw iDAwn iK`icAw hY[ BweI gurb^S isMG dI Aihmd Swh AbdwlI nwl jMg dw A`KIN if`Tw vyrvw pRis`D ieiqhwskwr kwzI nUr muhMmd v`loN sMBwilAw hoieAw hY[ bwbw dIp isMG dI bwkmwl Gwlxw dw izkr purwqn XUrpIAn XwqrUAW dIAW ilKqW smyq AnykW dsqwvyzW iv`c imldw hY pr izAwdw mh`qvpUrn g`l ieh hY ik ieh Xwd A`j q`k sjIv hY[ dyhurw bwbw dIp isMG pirkrmw dI is`K rY&rYNs lwiebRyrI vwlI bwhI v`l au~GVvyN rUp 'c siQq hY[ BweI gurb^S isMG inhMg nwl mu`TI Br swQI sn[ eynIN ku SkqI nwl aunHW ny DwVvI Aihmd Swh AbdwlI dI swrI &Oj nwl t`kr leI Aqy auh swry jUJdy hoey AYn drSnI ifEFI mUhryy ShId hoey[ hwlwq mukMml qOr 'qy auhnW dy ivru`D sn Aqy mOq XkInI sI[ iehnW AswDwrn qIh XoiDAW ny i&r vI bdnIq DwVvI leI mYdwn Ku`lHw C`fx dI bjwey sMkyqk t`kr dyx ƒ qrjIh id`qI[ drAsl gurb^S isMG ny qW iblkul ifEFI dI dihlIz au~qy srIr iqAwigAw sI[ auhnW dyy nW 'qy bxI auhnW dI Xwdgwr ƒ dyhurw bwbw gurb^S isMG ikhw jWdw hY Aqy ieh Akwl q^q dy ipCvwVy siQq hY[ ieh vI Xwd r`Kxw cwhIdw hY ik pMjwb, jMmU-kSmIr smyq ieh ielwkw ies XwdgwrI jMg qoN pihlW do dhwky A&gwnI slqnq dw ih`sw irhw sI[ AbdwlI ies DrqI au~qy Awpxw h`k jqwauxw cwhuMdw sI, ijs dw ik auh kwƒnI qOr 'qy mwlk sI[ BweI gurb^S isMG vDyry cMgyry ivcwrW qoN pRyirq sI[ gurU dw drbwr ie`k rUhwnI ikRq hY Aqy Akwl purK dI mrzI Anuswr gurU v`loN AwrMBI nvIN ivSv-ivAwpI s`iBAqw dw Durw hY[ ijhVw sWJw ivSv s`iBAwcwr ieh aupjwauxw locdI hY auh moty rUp 'c hr Es s`iBAwcwr dy ibhqrIn p`KW dw imSrx hovygw ijhVw ik koeI Xogdwn pwaux dy kwbl hovy[ ies dw mMqv sB mnu`KI smUhW dw kilAwx krnw hY Aqy ies ƒ sB dI SmUlIAq vwly nvyN SWqmeI s`iBAwcwrk ienklwb, jo sMswr dy v`fy ih`sy ƒ pRvwn ho sky, dw hrkwrw AYlwinAw igAw hY[ gurU v`loN vroswieAw s`iBAwcwr ie`k ivhwrk bdl ƒ pyS Aqy pRPu`lq kr skdw hY[ ieh mnu`KI msilAW leI mwrg-drSk ho skdw hY Aqy mnu`Kqw dy Et-Awsry vjoN prgt ho skdw hY bSrqy ik ies ƒ Awpxy s`iBAwcwrk AwDwr ƒ byrok 9


vDx-Pu`lx id`qw jwvy[ ies leI zrUrI hY ik is`KW ƒ Aqy gurU-aupdySW iv`c XkIn r`Kx vwly swirAW ƒ ies ivl`Kx s`iBAwcwrk kyNdr ivKy ibnw roktok iek`qr hox id`qw jwvy[ Ajoky smyN iv`c iek`qr hox, gurU-js gwien krn Aqy ivcwrW ƒ pRcwrn dw AiDkwr hr smwj iv`c buinAwdI AiDkwr hY[ ies dI poRVHqw v`K-v`K &ls&weI KojW, sMXukq rwStr Aqy sB rwStrW ƒ pRvwn aus dIAW AnykW sMsQwvW v`loN Apxwey kwƒnW Aqy AnykW AihdnwimAW duAwrw kIqI geI hY[ mnu`KI AiDkwrW dI lihr, ijs ny kuJ sdIAW mgroN pUry sMswr au~qy Cwauxw sI, dy AgrdUqW vjoN is`KW dw ivSvws sI ik auhnW dI buinAwdI v&wdwrI kyvl Akwl purK Aqy AMqr-Awqmw (zmIr) pRqI hY[ ies leI auhnW ny inrol lok-rwjI Bwvnw qihq kdy vI smu`cI rcnw dy mwlk Akwl purK qoN ielwvw iksy hor ƒ kdy srvau~c-suAwmI pRvwn nhIN kIqw[ auh nhIN sn mMndy ik muZl Aihmd Swh, ijs kol pMjwb dI spurddwrI sI, dw ies 'qy koeI ivSyS AiDkwr sI[ ievyN hI A&gwnI lwB-pwqr Aihmd Swh ƒ ies iK`qy dy mUl vsnIk pMjwb dy ^udmu^iqAwr lokW au~qy koeI ivSyS AiDkwr nhIN sI[ kwbz hoey bsqIvwdI AMgRyzW dy rwj dOrwn vI siQqI dI AMqrIv Dwrnw ieho hI rhI[ ieh A`j dy igAwn dy Xu`g iv`c hor vI jwiez hY ijs iv`c mnu`KI gOrv dI pRwQmkqw, kwƒn dy rwj Aqy s`iBAwcwr, smwj, jwq-pwq jW nsl AwDwrq ivqkry qoN rihq mnu`KI h`kW ƒ mwnqw pRwpq hY[ ihMdusqwn iv`c lokW au~qy “AsIN lokW” v`loN ApxwieAw igAw sMivDwn rwj krdw hY Aqy kuJ Ain`KV h`kW ƒ XkInI bxwauNdw hY[ iehnW h`kW dw ieMdrw gWDI dI zwlm srkwr v`loN aulMGx kIqw igAw ijs ny sMivDwn ƒ iC`ky tMg id`qw Aqy dyS iv`c AYmrjYNsI lwgU kr id`qI Aqy ieauN lokW dI mrzI nwl sQwpq lok-rwjI ivvsQw iv`c jwbr Aqy AsMgq bx ky rih geI[ is`KW ny SRomxI AkwlI dL (ijs ƒ A`j eys dy jQybMdk FWcy dI SkqI hV`px vwilAW ny 'pMjwbI pwrtI' iv`c qbdIl kr ky qbwh kr id`qw hY) Aqy sMq krqwr isMG dI AgvweI iv`c ieMdrw gWDI dI ies kwƒn-ivhUxI kwrvweI dw ivroD kIqw[ auhnW eys zwlm ƒ Es v`loN auswry gey iBAwnk mihl ƒ Fwhux leI mjbUr ho jwx q`k AYmrjYNsI dy c`lidAW hr roz ivroD jwrI r`iKAw[ eys kwrx auh byh`d BVk au~TI[ ies qoN ielwvw auh is`K s`iBAwcwr ƒ qbwh krn dy eyjMfy 'qy Awpxw mn bxw cu`kI sI[ ieh iBAwnk mwniskqw aus ny Awpxy bwp Aqy dwdy qoN ivrsy iv`c pRwpq kIqI sI[ ieh ihMdusqwn dI sQweI s`iBAwcwrk bhuigxqI dw vI keI sdIAW qoN sWJw eyjMfw sI[ jdoN auh PrvrI 1980 iv`c muV s`qw iv`c prqI qW aus ny pMjwb Aqy is`KW, dohW ƒ brbwd krn dI Twx leI[ dyS dy sMivDwn dI aulMGxw kridAW aus ny dirAweI pwxI, ijs au~qy kyvl pMjwb dw AiDkwr 10


sI, ZYr-is`K bhuigxqI vwly sUibAW hirAwxw Aqy rwjsQwn ƒ vMfxw SurU kr id`qw[ ieh auhnW AnykW idRStIgocr Aqy Aid`K GwVqW qoN ielwvw sI ijnHW dw is`K s`iBAwcwr Aqy gurU v`loN sQwpq kIqy ivSv-ivAwpI s`iBAwcwr dy byjoV SkqISwlI kyNdr ƒ qbwh krn leI mu`F bMinHAw jw cu`kw sI[ aus ny AwpxIAW qbwhkuMn nIqIAW ies h`d q`k jwrI r`KIAW ik CyqI hI auh pMjwb Aqy is`KW nwl ie`k bhuq hI s^q lVweI iv`c aulJ geI[ pMjwb Aqy is`KW 'qy TosIAW geIAW ZYr-kwƒnI lwcwrgIAW ^qm krvwaux leI SurU hoey SWqmeI AMdoln dw smrQn kridAW sMq bwbw jrnYl isMG ^wlsw iBMfrWvwly, ieMdrw gWDI nwl is`Dy tkrwau iv`c Aw gey[ c`l rhy SWqmeI AMdoln dw smrQn krn kwrx sMq bwbw jrnYl isMG drbwr swihb nwl juVvIAW irhwieSI srWvW iv`coN ie`k iv`c rih rhy sn[ ieMdrw gWDI ny is`KI ƒ qbwh krn Aqy sMq ƒ kql krn dy dUhry mMqv qihq auhnW ƒ gurU-drbwr dy Ahwqy AMdr hI Akwl q^q dy nwl juVvIN iemwrq iv`c irhwieS krn leI hor mjbUr kr id`qw[ auh AijhI zor-AzmweI dI iqAwrI kr rhI sI jo aus ƒ, ihMdusqwn jW Bwrq mwqw dI Avqwr, durgw dyvI vjoN auBrn dy Xog bxw sky[ ies dy blbUqy auh AwpxI vMS dw rwj XkInI bxw lYx dI aumId iv`c sI[ EVk ies dw is`tw nw twLy jw skx vwly tkrwau iv`c inkilAw[ sB pRMprwvW Aqy kwƒn ƒ iC`ky tMgidAW auh ie`k AwDuink rwj kol mOjUd hr pRkwr dy POjI swzo-swmwn Aqy swDnW nwl mYdwny-jMg iv`c dwKl hoeI[ sMq v`loN smrQn pRwpq kwƒnI h`kW dI pRwpqI leI c`l rhy SWqmeI jmhUrI AMdoln dw aus kol ieho &OjI h`l sI[ ies auprMq sMq kol bicAw ie`ko-ie`k snmwnXog rsqw ieho sI ik auh mukwblqn ikqy Coty hiQAwrW, pMqwlI ku dy krIb swQIAW Aqy Awm jnqw iv`coN eynyN ku hI mddgwrW nwl drbwr dI r`iKAw kry[ kuJ smyN bwAd ihMdusqwn dy kwƒn mMqrI ny rwie prgt kIqI ik &OjW aus ƒ mwrn dI p`kI Twx ky AweIAW sn, ies leI sMq ƒ vI kwƒnI qOr 'qy svY-r`iKAw dw h`k hwsl sI[ ieh siQqI ieMn-ibMn bwbw gurb^S isMG dy smyN dy smwnWqr ho in`bVI[ sMq bwbw jrnYl isMG Aqy auhnW dy swQI b^UbI Aqy zrw ku ibhqr sur^rU hoey[ rwjIv gWDI Anuswr auhnW ny G`to-G`t 700 hmlwvr &OjI jvwn Aqy A&sr rxKyq r`Ky Aqy z^mIAW dI qwdwd jy izAwdw nhIN qW ies qoN d`ugxI sI[ sMqW ny AwDuink jMg dy nvIn swzo-swmwn nwl lYs swrI &Oj ƒ 72 GMty qoN izAwdw smW nyVy nw PVkx id`qw BwvyN ik auh ie`k sQweI mukwm qoN lV rhy sn[ auhnW 6 jUn 1984 ƒ svyry 9 vjy dy krIb Aw^rI h`ly dI AgvweI kIqI[ auhnW ihMdusqwnI &Oj dy goLy-bwrUd dI ie`k BrpUr buCwV dw swhmxw kIqw Aqy drSnI ifEFI v`l vDidAW dohW inSwn swihbW qoN 15 ku gz dI dUrI 'qy 11


ShId ho gey[ mulk dI &Oj dy ivru`D ie`k j`Qy dI AgvweI krn dw krm sMq ƒ pRBUs`qw-sMpMn is`K kOm, ijs dI ^wqr lVidAW auhnW ƒ ShId kIqw igAw, dI numwieMdgI krdw ie`k pRBUs`qw-sMpMn S^s swbq krdw hY[ drSnI ifEFI dy s`jy pwsy ie`k byrI Aqy Cotw ijhw Dwrmk-sQwn swfy sdrihxy nwiekW, BweI su`Kw isMG Aqy BweI mihqwb isMG, dy swhsI kwrnwmy dI Xwd idvwauNdy hn[ byS`k auhnW hornW ShIdW vWg ie`k gOrvmeI kwrj inBwieAw sI pr auhnW Shwdq ie`QoN bwhr pRwpq kIqI sI Aqy drbwr dy Ahwqy AMdr auhnW dI koeI in`KVvIN Xwdgwr nhIN bxweI geI[ sMq pihlIAW do imswlW qoN ivSyS rUp 'c pRyirq sI Aqy, jy hwlwq AijhI mMg krn, Akwl q^q Aqy drSnI ifEFI dy sWJy Ku`lHy ivhVy iv`c iksy QW Awpxw jIvn kurbwn krn leI iqAwr sI[ auhnW dI hor ie`Cw sI ik ieh QW drSnI ifEFI dI dihlIz dy v`D qoN v`D nyVy hovy jW G`to-G`t iehnW sQlW Aqy dohW inSwn swihbW qoN brwbr ijhI dUrI 'qy hovy[ cSmdId gvwhW dy swry vyrivAW Anuswr auh drSnI ifEFI v`l vDidAW iehnW iqMnW sQwnW qoN QoVHI ijhI G`t brwbr dUrI 'qy inSwn swihbW dy nyVy ShId hoey[

12


&OjI hmly dw kihr Aqy ShwdqW dI AlOikk JwkI ! meI 1984 dy Aw^rI spqwh dOrwn Bwrq srkwr dy nIm-&OjI hiQAwrbMd blW -bI. AY~s. AY~P, sI. Awr. pI. qy AweI. tI. bI. pI.- ny sRI drbwr swihb dy Awly-duAwly dIAW iemwrqW au~qy Awpxy p`ky morcy bxwaux dw Aml AwrMB id`qw sI[ pihlI jUn ƒ auhnW ny Awpxy iehnW moricAW 'coN drbwr swihb smUh au~qy A`T GMty lgwqwr AMDwDuMd goLwbwrI kIqI ijs nwl drbwr swihb smUh AMdr A`DI drjn dy krIb SrDwlUAW dI mOq ho geI Aqy sRI drbwr swihb au~qy 32 QwvW 'qy goLIAW dy fUMGy inSwn pY gey sn[ 3 jUn ƒ pMcm pwqSwh gurU Arjn dw ShIdI purb sI ijs kwrx is`K sMgqW aucycI SrDw Bwvnw nwl hzwrW dI qdwd iv`c drSn-ieSnwn krn leI sRI drbwr swihb ivKy phuMcIAW hoeIAW sn[ 500 qoN vDyry AkwlI vrkr Drm-Xu`D morcy iv`c igR&qwrIAW dyx leI pu`jy hoey sn[ aus idn Swm Flx qoN pihlW hI BwrqI &Oj dy lSkrW ny drbwr swihb dy cwry pwsy s^q Gyrw G`q ilAw[ rwq pYNidAW hI drbwr swihb dy Awly-duAwly dIAW iemwrqW au~qy nIm-&OjI dsiqAW duAwrw sQwpq kIqy gey swry moricAW AMdr ibhwr rjmYNt dI bwrHvIN btwlIAn dy jvwnW ny pozISnW m`l leIAW[ 4 jUn ƒ AMimRq vyly jdoN drbwr swihb AMdr Awsw dI vwr dw kIrqn c`l irhw sI qW cwr vjy dy krIb &OjI qopW Aqy mSIngMnW ny Acwnk sRI drbwr swihb smUh au~qy AMDwDuMd golwbwrI AwrMB kr id`qI[rwq dy hnyry iv`c A`gyA`gy rOSnI dI lIk pwauNdy 'cwnxI goly' (trysr builts) qy ip`Cy-ip`Cy Awr. sI. AYl. (recoilless gun gunqopnumw bMdUk) dy goiLAW ny Asmwn AMdr lWbU lw id`qy[ 36 GMitAW qoN v`D smyN q`k ieh AMDwDuMD goLwbwrI ibnw ruky lgwqwr c`ldI rhI[ aus vyly q`k &Oj dw mu`K zor juJwrU isMGW dy C`qW au~prly moricAW ƒ nSt krn au~qy l`gw irhw[ 5 jUn dI Swm q`k &Oj ny tYNpl ivaU hotl, bRhm bUtw AKwVw qy pirkrmw dI GMtw Gr vwlI bwhI au~pr C`qW au~qy bxwey lgBg swry morcy nSt kr id`qy sn[ ATHHwrvIN sdI dOrwn auswry gey ieiqhwsk buMigAW dIAW mmtIAW qopW dy goiLAW nwl TIkrI-TIkrI ho geIAW sn[ juJwrU isMGW dy nMgy moricAW ƒ qbwh kr dyx qoN bwAd &Oj ny 5 jUn dI rwq ƒ drbwr swihb AMdr dwKl ho ky Akwl q^q swihb au~qy kbzw jmwaux dI AwpxI pUrb-aulIkI Xojnw au~qy kwrvweI SurU kr id`qI[ BwrqI &Oj dy au~ckotI dy jrnYlW qy mwhrW duAwrw fUMGI soc-ivcwr qoN bwAd iqAwr kIqI geI ies rxnIqI Anuswr &Oj ny Awpxy Awhlw drjy dy kmWfoAW, ijnHW ƒ ies mksd leI ckrwqw qy srswvw ivKy mhIinAW b`DI aucycI tryinMg id`qI geI sI, dI mdd nwl drbwr swihb dI pirkrmw AMdr ie`ko smyN do pwisAW qoN 13


dwKl hoxw sI[ dsvIN btwlIAn (10 gwrfz) dy kmWfoAW ny GMtw Gr vwly mu`K duAwr rwhIN pirkrmw AMdr dwKl ho ky Akwl q^q q`k phuMcx leI &Oj dw rwh p`Drw krnw sI[ ausy hI smyN mdrws rjmYNt dI 26vIN btwlIAn dy dsiqAW ny mMjI swihb vwly pwsy qoN pirkrmw AMdr dwKl ho ky Akwl q^q swihb q`k &Oj dy A`gy vDx leI rwh dIAW swrIAW rukwvtW dUr krnIAW sn[ gVHvwl rjmYNt dI nOvIN btwlIAn ƒ d`Kx vwly pwisEN ShIdW vwly gyt rwhIN pirkrmw AMdr dwKl hox leI qYnwq kIqw igAw sI[ kmwauN rjmYNt dI nOvIN btwlIAn ny srW vwly smu`cy Kyqr ƒ kbzy iv`c lYxw sI[ 16 nMbr rswly dy drjn qoN v`D ivjMqw tYNk, 7.62 imlImItr mSIn gMnW dy goly dwgx leI Xu`DnIqk itkwixAW au~qy qYnwq kIqy gey sn[ &OjI jvwnW dI shI inSwinAW au~qy cot krn iv`c mdd krn leI do cyqk hYlIkwptr iqAwr-br-iqAwr r`Ky gey sn[ g`l kI, &OjI iqAwrI iv`c iksy p`KoN vI koeI iF`l nhIN C`fI geI sI[ &Oj dIAW ku`l imlw ky s`q fvIznW lVweI leI lwmbMd kIqIAW geIAW sn[ iek`lI drbwr swihb au~qy hmly dI kwrvweI iv`c hI G`to-G`t 15 hzwr &OjI jvwn is`Dw ih`sw lY rhy sn[ ipAwdw &Oj dI mdd leI smuMdrI qy hvweI sYnw dy vI kuJ AMg hrkq iv`c ilAWdy gey sn[ dUjy bMny sRI drbwr swihb dI Azmq dI r`iKAw krn leI isr-DV dI bwzI lwaux leI qqpr juJwrU isMGW dI AslI igxqI cwr jW h`d pMj drjnW qoN izAwdw nhIN sI Aqy auhnW kol auNglW au~qy igxn jogIAW hlkIAW mSIngMnW sn[ drimAwnI jW BwrI mSIngMn ie`k vI nhIN sI, izAwdwqr sDwrn svYcwlq rweI&lW hI sn[ kwgzW 'qy iqAwr kIqI Xojnw muqwbk BwrqI &Oj dy kmWfoAW ny tolIAW bxw ky, A`gV-ip`CV, ibjlI dI PurqI nwl prvyS-duAwr dIAW pOVIAW au~qr ky pirkrmw AMdr dwKl hoxw sI Aqy iPr goLIAW qy grnyfW dw mINh vrHwauNidAW, qU&wnI qyzI nwl Akwl q^q swihb v`l vDxw sI[myjr jnrl kuldIp isMG brwV, ijs ƒ drbwr swihb kMplYks au~qy kbzw krn dI &OjI kwrvweI dw sMcwlk QwipAw igAw sI, ny rwq ds vjy dy krIb '10 gwrfz' dy kmWfoAW dI pihlI tolI ƒ QwpVw dy ky mu`K prvyS duAwr dIAW pOVIAW au~qrn leI rvwnw kIqw[ juJwrU isMGW ny, jnrl subyg isMG dI dyK-ryK hyTW, prvyS-duAwr dIAW pOVIAW dy donoN pwsIN motIAW kMDW iv`c r`Ky gey rOSndwnW iv`c hlkIAW mSIngMnW ies FMg nwl bIV r`KIAW sn ik auhnW dI rzw qoN ibnW pOVIAW iv`coN bMdw qW kI, hvw vI nhIN lMG skdI sI! kmWfoAW v`loN pOVIAW AMdr CwLW mwrn qoN pihlW juJwrU isMGW ƒ dihlwaux Aqy auhnW dw iDAwn lWBy htwaux dy ierwdy nwl &Oj ny Awpxy swry moricAW qoN ie`ko vyly kihr BrI goLwbwrI SurU kr id`qI ijs nwl Asmwn AMdr lWbU l`g gey Aqy drbwr 14


swihb smUh dIAW swrIAW iemwrqW QrQrw au~TIAW[ kmWfoAW dy pOVIAW AMdr kdm r`KidAW hI, rOSndwnW iv`c bIVIAW isMGW dIAW mSIngMnW iksy ZYbI roh nwl grj au~TIAW[ auhnW ny pOVIAW dy AMdr ikAwmq ilAw id`qI! A`K dy plkwry iv`c kmWfoAW dI swrI tolI pOVIAW iv`c hI FyrI ho geI[ i&r dUjI tolI, i&r qIjI, i&r cOQI Aqy i&r … b`s ies qrHW pOVIAW AMdr kmWfoAW dIAW loQW dy Fyr l`gdy gey[ ie`Qy ieh d`sxw lwzmI hY ik bwAd iv`c jw ky SRomxI gurdvwrw pRbMDk kmytI dy pRbMDkW ny id`lI dy hukmrwnW dy AxilKqI AwdySW dw pwlx krdy hoey ieh rOSndwn p`ky qOr 'qy bMd kr id`qy Aqy ies qrHW juJwrU isMGW dI bhwdrI qy juJwrU zzby dy ies pRyrnwmeI Xwd-icMnHW dw nwmo-inSwn imtw id`qw[ ies Zunwh dw lyKw ies lok iv`c nhIN qW prlok iv`c zrUr dyxw pvygw! &OjI jrnYl ijs lVweI ƒ do jW h`d iqMn GMitAW dy AMdr-AMdr smyt dyx dI KuS&ihmI pwLI bYTy sn, auh auhnW dIAW aumIdW qy klpnw nwloN ikqy v`D zoKm BrI swbq hox l`gI[ do GMitAW dy AMdr-AMdr sRI Akwl q^q swihb au~qy kbzw kr lYx dw tIcw qW dUr irhw, do GMitAW q`k '10 gwrfz' dy kmWfo pirkrmw dy AMdr kdm Drn iv`c vI s&l nw ho sky[ mu`K prvyS-duAwr dIAW pOVIAW hI auhnW leI 'mOq dI KweI' bx ky rih geIAW sn[ kmWfoAW dIAW ckrwqw qy srswvw ivKy mhIinAW b`DI kIqIAW mSkW iksy kMm nw AweIAW[ jnrl kuldIp isMG brwV ny keI bdlvIAW jMgI-cwlW Azmw ky vyK leIAW pr &OjI dsiqAW dI Akwl q^q swihb v`l vDx dI koeI vI koiSS s&l nw ho skI[ klpnw nwloN ikqy v`D jwnI nukswn krw bYTx qoN bwAd Aqy Cy GMitAW dIAW jwn-qoV koiSSW dy bwvjUd vI BwrqI &Oj dw sRI Akwl q^q swihb v`l vDxw muhwl hoieAw irhw[ A^Ir iv`c jd &OjI jrnYlW ƒ phu Put jwx dw Aqy idn dy cwnx iv`c AwpxI nwkwmI dy j`g-zwhr ho jwx dw frwauxw iKAwl sqwaux l`gw qW auhnW 6 jUn dI loA pwtx qoN pihlW, svyr dy cwr vjy mMjI swihb vwly pwisEN ie`k b^qrbMd g`fI (SKOT OT64) pirkrmw AMdr auqwrI[ auhnW ƒ p`kw XkIn sI ik isMG ies g`fI ƒ vyKidAW hI BYA-BIq ho jwxgy Aqy ies b^qrbMd g`fI dw auh vwl vI ivMgw nhIN kr skxgy pr BwrqI &Oj dy jrnYlW ny is`K ieiqhws dw auh cmqkwrI ik`sw nhIN sI suixAw hoieAw jdoN 1701 eI: iv`c phwVI rwijAW ny kihlUr dy rwjy Ajmyr cMd, ijhVw Awpxy gurU-doKI ipqw BIm cMd dI mOq ip`CoN rwj-g`dI 'qy bYTw sI, dI AgvweI hyT iek`Ty ho ky AwnMdpur swihb au~qy bhuq hI v`fw qy kihrvwn h`lw bol id`qw sI Aqy 'jY bjrMg blI' dy nwAry mwrdy jwq-AiBmwnIAW dy lSkr ny iqMn h&iqAW q`k AwnMdpur swihb dI eynIN mzbUq nwkwbMdI kr C`fI sI ik isMGW dw bwhroN rsd-pwxI Awauxw pUrI qrHW bMd kr id`qw igAw sI[ aus 15


vyly dsmyS ipqw Awpxy fyF ku hzwr isMGW nwl lohgVH dy iklHy iv`c sn[ jd phwVI rwijAW dI iklHy AMdr dwKl hox dI koeI vI koiSS s&l nw hoeI qW kysrI ishuM jsvwlIey dy idmwZ ƒ, Awpxy ie`k zorwvr qy gu`sy-Kor jMgI hwQI koloN iklHy dw drvwzw quVvwaux dI jMgI cwl su`JI[ hwQI ƒ loh-b^qr nwl lYs kIqw igAw; aus dy pwisAW au~qy iq`Ky Ssqr bMnHy gey, ijnHW dI Dwr ƒ mwrU zihr dI pwn id`qI geI sI, Aqy A^Ir iv`c hwQI ƒ Srwb nwl pUrw nSeI kIqw igAw[ md-mwqw hwQI cMGwVdw hoieAw iklHy dy drvwzy v`l dOiVAw[ dsmyS ipqw ny BweI bic`qr isMG nW dy Awpxy ie`k hlky ijhy ijsm dy isMG ƒ QwpVw dy ky msq hwQI dw mukwblw krn leI A`gy kIqw[ GoVy 'qy svwr ho ky bic`qr isMG msq hwQI v`l ies qrHW viDAw ijvyN cIqw Awpxy iSkwr v`l Dwh ky pYNdw hY[ bic`qr isMG dy h`Q iv`c PVI nwgxI Aw&q bx ky ilSkI Aqy is`DI hwQI dy m`Qy iv`c jw v`jI[ vwr huMidAW hI hwQI kihr dy drd nwl cIikAw Aqy kurlw ky ip`Cy ƒ B`j auiTAw[ hwQI nwl bMnHIAW zihrIlIAW qygW ny DwVvI &OjW dy Awpxy hI ispwhIAW ƒ sYNkiVAW dI igxqI iv`c lhU-luhwx kr ky DrqI au~qy kurlwauNdy su`t id`qw[ AYn ausy mOky bic`qr isMG dy Coty vIr audY isMG ny qyZ dy ie`ko vwr nwl kysrI ishuM jsvwlIey dw isr DV qoN lwh ky DrqI au~qy ptkw mwirAw sI[ 283 swlW dy vk&y mgroN sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAW dI AgvweI hyT, ielwhI joS nwl X`uD lV rhy juJwrU isMGW ny drbwr swihb dI pirkrmw AMdr AwnMdpur dI aus jMg dI Xwd muV qwzw kr id`qI sI[ b^qrbMd g`fI Ajy pirkrmw dy A`D iv`c ShIdW vwly gyt dy lwgy hI phuMcI sI ik isMGW v`loN inSwnw syD ky rwkt lWcr duAwrw dwgy gey ie`ko goLy ny ies ƒ QWeyN nkwrw kr id`qw[ AijhI pCwV qW &OjI jrnYlW ny supny iv`c vI nhIN klpI sI[ ies nwl auhnW AMdr ie`kdm BwrI Gbrwht &Yl geI[ ies kwhlI qy Gbrwht iv`c auhnW, auqly p`Dr 'qy PurqI nwl slwh-mSvry kr ky, Akwl q^q swihb au~qy is`Dw tYNkW nwl mwrU h`lw bolx dw inrxw kr ilAw[ imMtW iv`c hI Cy ivjMqw tYNk srwvW qy drbwr swihb dy ivckwrlI sVk au~qy Aw prgt hoey[ pihlW ie`k tYNk ƒ pirkrmw AMdr auqwirAw igAw pr AijhI klw vrqI ik ieh tYNk bwbw dIp isMG jI dy sIs-Byt AsQwn kol jw ky zmIn AMdr Ds igAw[ i&r ie`k hor tYNk ilAWdw igAw[ juJwrU isMGW dIAW A`KW ƒ iq`KI ilSkor nwl nkwrw kr dyx dy ierwdy nwl sRI Akwl q^q swihb au~qy tYNkW dIAW qyz rOSnIAW (src lweItW) mwrIAW geIAW[ jd ies jMgI cwl nwl vI Akwl q^q v`loN AwauNdI goLIAW dI buCwV nw QMmI qW Akwl q^q au~qy A`QrU gYs dy goiLAW dI bwrS kIqI geI pr jdoN A`QrU gYs vI Awpxw koeI ^ws Asr nw 16


ivKw skI qW iC`Qy pey qy buKlwey hoey jnrl brwV ny Akwl q^q swihb dy AMdr sI. AYs. nW dI zihrIlI gYs dy kinsqr su`tx dw AnYiqk kwrw kIqw, hwlWik srb-prvwnq kOmWqrI kwƒnW Anuswr sI. AYs. gYs dI jMg AMdr vrqoN pUrI qrHW vrijq hY, pr juJwrU isMGW ny duSmx dI hr jMgI cwl ƒ pCwVidAW hoieAW &Oj dI sRI Akwl q^q swihb v`l pySkdmI ƒ lgwqwr f`kI r`iKAw[ A^Ir iv`c tYNkW ny hor nyVy jw ky sRI Akwl q^q swihb Aqy drSnI ifauFI au~qy goiLAW dw J`KV Julw id`qw[ mSIngMnW dy goiLAW qoN ielwvw tYNk AMdr bIVI v`fI qop (105 imlImItr) 'coN 'hYS' (HESH) dy nW nwl jwxy jWdy AqI SkqISwlI goiLAW dI BwrI vrKw kIqI geI[ ienHW goiLAW dI mwr sdkw sRI Akwl q^q swihb Aqy drSnI ifauFI dIAW iemwrqW burI qrHW nukswnIAW geIAW pr ies swry kihr dy bwvjUd sRI Akwl q^q swihb AMdr fty igxqI dy isMG BwrqI &Oj dw pUrI sUrmgqI nwl mukwblw krdy rhy[ kmWfoAW ny pirkrmw dIAW au~qrI qy d`KxI, donoN bwhIAW qoN Akwl q^q v`l vDx dIAW keI koiSSW kIqIAW pr hr vwr sRI Akwl q^q swihb Aqy drSnI ifauFI dy ivckwrlw ivhVw auhnW leI 'mOq dw ivhVw' (killing ground) is`D huMdw irhw[ bMbeI qoN smuMdrI sYnw dy aucycy qOr 'qy ilAWdy goqwKorW ny srovr dI Et lY ky Akwl q^q swihb q`k phuMcx dy keI Xqn kIqy pr auhnW iv`coN ie`k jxw vI pirkrmw pwr nw kr sikAw[ eynIN kihr BrI goLwbwrI dy snmu`K BwrqI &Oj dy jrnYlW ƒ hYlIkOptrW rwhIN kmWfo auqwrn dw qW hIAw hI nw ipAw[ jdoN BwrI goLwbwrI dI vjHw kwrx Akwl q^q swihb dy FWcy iv`c jgHw-jgHw v`fy mGory K`ulH gey sn Aqy BwrqI &Oj iSStwcwr dy au~cy inXmW ƒ iC`ky tMg ky iehnW rwhIN mxW-mUMhIN bwrUd AMdr su`t rhI sI Aqy pwvn Akwl q^q dIAW au~prlIAW swrIAW mMizlW A`g qy DUMeyN dI lpyt iv`c AweIAW hoeIAW sn, audoN vI Akwl qKq swihb dI hyTlI mMizl iv`c fty juJwrU isMGW ny lgwqwr jcvIN t`kr dyxI jwrI r`KI[ auh nw qopW qy tYNkW dI gVgVwht qoN BY-BIq hoey sn, nw grmI qy Bu`K-qyh dI koeI prvwh mMnI sI, nw zihrIlIAW gYsW dw Asr kbUilAw sI[ iqMn idnW q`k auh ibnW ruky, ibnW hMBy lgwqwr lVdy qy ShId huMdy rhy[ auhnW dI Afolqw hwr-ij`q dIAW igxqIAW-imxqIAW ƒ pwr kr cu`kI sI[ auh ieM\ lVy ijvyN ieiqhws dw swrw zor auhnW dIAW rUhW qy ijsmW AMdr smw igAw hovy[ &OjIAW ƒ l`igAw koeI AwdmI nhIN, koeI inrBY suriq jMg lV rhI sI[ auhnW ƒ goLIAW iksy AxdyKy mMfl iv`coN AwauNdIAW pRqIq hoeIAW[ duSmx ƒ isMGW dI igxqI dw suAwl iblkul Bu`l igAw sI[ isMG iksy inrBY Awsn au~qy bYT ky Xu`D lV rhy sn[ auhnW dI au~cI suriq mOq dy kMFy q`k 17


phuMc ky lV rhI sI, ie`k qrHW nwl mOq nwl Kyf rhI sI[ igxqI dw suAwl hI mu`k igAw sI; jMg dy mwAny hI bdl gey sn[ ieh swry hI isMG bhuq hI cVHdI klw vwly sn, sMq jrnYl isMG ny cux-cux ky qYnwq kIqy sn[ &OjI rxnIqI jnrl subyg isMG ny iqAwr kIqI sI pr ikhVy isMG ƒ iks morcy au~qy qYnwq krnw hY, ieh &Yslw aus ny sMqW au~qy C`f idqw sI ikauNik sMq jI hI hr ie`k isMG dy Brosy qy isdk dy rwzdwn sn[ ies leI auhnW ny Akwl q^q swihb dI rwKI dw izMmw auhnW isMGW ƒ sONipAw sI ijnHW dI gurU iv`c SrDw eynIN pUrn qy Afol sI ik hr isMG morcy au~qy fitAw ieh mihsUs kr irhw sI ik auh nhIN, aus dI QWvyN gurU Awp lV irhw sI[ aus GVI auhnW dy mn vwihgurU dy hukm qy b^iSS nwl AByd sn[ sMq jrnYl isMG mOq dy Juldy J`KVW iv`c vI Akwl q^q swihb dy AMdr hr morcy au~qy gyVw mwrdy rhy, isMGW ƒ pUry jwho-jlwl iv`c lVidAW vyK ky inhwl huMdy rhy, auhnW ƒ lwf-BrIAW nzrW nwl vyKdy rhy Aqy ies qrHW auhnW AMdr ielwhI zoS pYdw krdy rhy[ isMGW ny BwrI igxqI qy au~qm hiQAwrW dy Zumwn nwl Aw&ry hoey hwkmW ƒ prq`K kr ky idKw id`qw sI ik jMg igxqIAW ivckwr nhIN lVI jWdI, inrI hiQAwrW dy bL nwl vI nhIN lVI jWdI; jMg rUhW dy zor nwl lVI jWdI hY! jnrl subyg isMG AwpxI jwn dI prvwh nw krdy hoey, mu`K prvyS-duAwr iv`coN &Oj dw dwKlw rokx leI jUJwrU isMGW ƒ mOky 'qy Awp is`DI AgvweI qy h`lwSyrI dyx leI hwzr rhy[ dyr rwq gey auh aus jgHw hI duSmx dIAW goLIAW dI z`d iv`c Aw gey Aqy byh`d gMBIr rUp iv`c z^mI ho gey[ rwq dy hnyry iv`c isMG auhnW ƒ cu`k ky sRI Akwl q^q swihb dy qihKwny iv`c lY gey[ AMimRq vyly dy lgBg auhnW au~Qy hI, sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAW dI hwzrI iv`c, Awpxy suAws iqAwg id`qy[ aus vyly qk, sRI drbwr swihb qy sRI Akwl q^q swihb dI Awn qy Swn dI rwKI krdy hoey hor vI bhuq swry juJwrU isMG ShId ho cu`ky sn[ 6 jUn dI svyr ƒ, 9 vjy dy krIb, sMq jrnYl isMG jI ny Awpxy igxqI dy bcy hoey isMGW ƒ Akwl q^q swihb dy Bory AMdr iek`iTAW kr ky swry hwlwq, jo swirAW ƒ hI spSt ho cu`ky sn, qoN jwxUM krvwieAw Aqy drbwr swihb au~qy &OjI hmly dI sUrq iv`c BwrqI &Oj ƒ lohy dy cny cbwaux dy Awpxy pRx au~qy sMquStI zwhr kridAW hoieAW, gurU dy pwvn crnW iv`c Shwdq dw jwm pIx dI sul`KxI GVI dy Aw phuMcx dw AYlwn kIqw[ kuJ isMGW ny sMq jI ƒ, is`K kOm dI AwzwdI dy sMGrS ƒ suXog AgvweI dyx leI, duSmx dy Gyry 'coN bc ky inkl jwx dI bynqI kIqI[ Gyry 'coN bc ky inkl jwx dy rsqy BwvyN Ajy vI Ku`lHy sn (kuJ isMG sWJI rzw nwl Gyry 'coN inkl vI gey sn) pRMqU sMq jrnYl isMG jI ny gurU dy ipAwry isMGW dI ieh bynqI inmrqw qy idRVHqw nwl Tukrw id`qI Aqy gurU dy piv`qr crnW iv`c sIs vwrn dy Awpxy Afol ierwdy ƒ 18


Awpxy AMqm &Ysly vjoN spSt d`s id`qw[ ies auprMq isMGW ny ieho bynqI BweI AmrIk isMG A`gy duhrweI[ BweI swihb hurW s`cKMf q`k sMq jI dw swQ inBwaux dI AwpxI qIbr ie`Cw qy pRx qoN iksy vI sUrq ip`Cy nw htx dw Afol &Yslw suxwauNidAW hoieAW ShIdI krmk`sy krny SurU kr id`qy[ sMq jrnYl isMG jI smyq sRI Akwl q^q swihb dy Bory AMdr mOjUd fyF drjn dy krIb DrmI sUrbIrW dy h`Q ie`kw-ie`k Ardws leI juVy[ Ardws hoeI Aqy bulMd Awvwz iv`c jYkwrw C`fx qoN bwAd auhI h`Q muV qoN Awpo-Awpxy hiQAwrW dy mu`iTAW ƒ jw juVy[ swirAW ny ie`k vwr i&r Aw^rI vwrI bwbw dIp isMG, bwbw gurbKS isMG Aqy hornW hzwrW isMG-sUrimAW, ijnHW ny AwpxIAW jwnW nwloN v`D ipAwry sRI drbwr swihb dI Azmq dI r`iKAw krdy hoey AwpxIAW izMdgIAW inCwvr kr id`qIAW sn, dI piv`qr Xwd ƒ Awpxy ihridAW AMdr iDAwieAw[ swrw mwhOl Shwdq dy zoS qy cwau nwl Clk au~iTAw[ aus vkq auhnW iv`coN hr isMG isdk qy jlwl dI swkwr mUrq bx igAw[ A`gy-A`gy sMq qy ip`Cy-ip`Cy auhnW dy isdkI isMG jYkwry gujwauNdy swhmxy vwly ivhVy iv`c ies qrHW inkl Awey ijvyN koeI vjd dw dirAw cVH AwieAw hovy[ sMq jrnYl isMG jI ny Awpxw m`uK is`Dw sRI drbwr swihb v`l kr ilAw Aqy ilv Akwl-purK dy hukm nwl joV leI[ auh dYvI AwvyS nwl kuJ kdm A`gy vDy [cu&yirEN goLIAW qy grnyfW dI qyz buCwV hoeI Aqy AjoV sUrmy sMq bwbw jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwly is`KI dy ivrsy dI lwj pwLdy qy Awpxw bcn inBwauNdy hoey Akwl q^q swihb dy QVHy qoN drSnI ifauFI dI qr& kuJ ku gzW dI dUrI au~qy ShId ho gey[BweI AmrIk isMG qy ku`J hor isMGW ny is`Dw inSwn swihbwn v`l ruK kIqw Aqy auh swry gurU Gr dI r`iKAw krdy hoey auQy hI gurU ƒ ipAwry ho gey[ ies qrHW swry isMGW dy ShId ho jwx qoN bwAd BwrqI &Oj ny jdoN frdy-frdy sRI Akwl q^q swihb AMdr prvyS kIqw qW AMdr dI JwkI vyK ky auhnW dy swh sUqy gey sn[ pihlI mMizl dw PrS lhU nwl l`Q-p`Q hoieAw ipAw sI Aqy auNglW au~qy igxn jogy isMGW dIAW imrqk dyhW dy ierd-igrd mSIngMnW dy c`ly hoey kwrqUsW dy KoiKAW dy AMbwr l`gy pey sn[ jnrl brwV dy mUMhoN sihmI hoeI Awvwz iv`c Awp-muhwry ieh Sbd inkl gey ik 'mYN Awpxy swry &OjI jIvn AMdr AYnI kihr BrI goLwbwrI nhIN vyKI -1965 dI jMg dOrwn vI nhIN!' cwr-pMj ku drjn isMGW ny hzwrW dI igxqI iv`c duSmx dy lSkrW ƒ 70 qoN v`D GMitAW q`k Akwl q^q swihb v`l vDx qoN rokI r`iKAw sI[ 5-6 jUn dI kihr dI rwq auhnW dIAW mSIngMnW ny ibnW swh ilAW eynIN qwbVqoV goLIbwrI kIqI sI ik auhnW dIAW nwlIAW grm ho ky ipGl jwx dy kMFy phuMc geIAW sn[BwrqI &Oj dy jrnYl ies g`loN hYrwn ho rhy sn ik QoVHy 19


ijhy vrg gz QW iv`c iGry eynyN QoVHy isMGW iv`c mr-imtx dw eynW qIbr zoS qy jzbw ik`QoN Aw tpikAw sI ik auhnW iv`coN hr ie`k ny Aw^rI swh lYx q`k pUry jwho-jlwl nwl goLI clwauxI jwrI r`KI sI[ jo Zzb auhnW dIAW mSIngMnW ny FwihAw, aus nwl DwVvI POjW dy idl dihl gey[ auhnW ƒ ies g`l dI smJ nhIN sI pY rhI ik iehnW byjwn vsqUAW AMdr vI eynW AwvyS ik`QoN jwg ipAw sI ik iehnW ny jMg dy swry inXmW ƒ mwq dy id`qI sI! auh ipGl jwx dy nyVy phuMc ky vI Zzb pYdw krdIAW rhIAW sn[ Asl iv`c swrI jMg dI 'kYimstrI' qy 'AljYbrw' BwrqI &Oj dy jrnYlW dI smJ qoN bwhr dI g`l sI[ jMg do igxqIAW ivckwr nhIN lVI jw rhI sI[ ie`k pwsy p`KpwqI dySBgqI dw JUTw p`K qy sOVw jzbw sI Aqy dUjy bMny Awqimk cyqnw dw mwhOl qy rUhwnIAq dw jlvw psirAw hoieAw sI[ iksy vI p`K qoN vyiKAW ieh jMg is`K ieiqhws dw gOrvSwlI qy XwdgwrI kWf ho in`bVI hY[ ies jMg iv`c ShId hoey isMG-sUrmy BweI mnI isMG, bwbw dIp isMG qy bwbw gurb^S isMG vWg hI kOm dy imswlI ShId hn[ies leI iehnW ShIdW vWg hI auhnW dI Xwdgwr vI AijhI imswlI hoxI cwhIdI hY, ijhVI auhnW dI sUrmgqI qy isdk-jlwl ƒ pUrnqw sihq rUpmwn krdI hovy[Xwdgwr dw sQwn (location) qy nmUnw/FWcw (design) ies g`l ƒ swhmxy r`K ky hI inrDwrq kIqw jwxw cwhIdw hY[ kI ieh g`l zrUrI nhIN hY ik iehnW Amr ShIdW dI Xwdgwr AijhI QW au~qy Aqy Aijhy nmUny dI bxweI jwvy ik aus iv`coN ies sUrmgqI-BrI jMg dy ip`Cy kMm krdI sipirt Aqy Shwdq dw jzbw rUpmwn huMdw hovy Aqy nwl hI ieh vyKx vwilAW dy mnW au~qy iehnW Shwdqw dy hwx dw bIr-rsI pRBwv C`fdI hovy!

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jWbwz sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwly jo kOm Awpxy ShIdW ƒ Bu`l jWdI hY auh rul jWdI hY[ ies leI kOm leI lwzmI hY ik aunHW ShIdW, ijnHW ny Drm Aqy s`iBAwcwrk ivrsy dI r`iKAw krdy hoey AwpxIAW jwnW inCwvr kr id`qIAW hn, leI FukvIN Xwdgwr kwiem kry[ Aijhy hI ie`k mhwn ShId hn sMq-ispwhI sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwly ijnHW ny ^wlsw pMQ dI r`iKAw kridAW AwpxI jwn vwr id`qI[ jd sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAW ƒ dmdmI tkswl dw muKI QwipAw igAw qW auh kyvl 30 virHAW dy sn[ dmdmI tkswl dy ie`k SrDwlU bwbw joigMdr isMG ƒ Akwl purK ny s`q pu`qrW dI b^iSS kIqI sI ijnHW iv`c sB qoN Coty jrnYl isMG sn[ aunHW ny srkwrI pRwiemrI skUl, rofy ivKy mu`FlI pVweI kIqI[ dmdmI tkswl dy qqkwlI jQydwr sMq gurbcn isMG Aksr rofy jwieAw krdy sn[ ie`k idn aunHW dI nzr jrnYl isMG qy peI Aqy aunHW ny priKAw ik jrnYl isMG iv`c Adu`qI rUhwnI nUr sI Aqy Ssqr iv`idAw v`l vI JukwA sI[ auh jrnYl isMG dI rUh-iK`cvIN S^sIAq qoN eynyN pRBwvq hoey ik aunHW ny bwbw joigMdr isMG qoN jrnYl isMG ƒ dmdmI tkswl dI syvw leI mMg ilAw[ bwbw joigMdr isMG ie`k SrDwvwn isMG sn Aqy aunHW ny ibnW iJjk rzwmMdI dy id`qI[ sMq gurbcn isMG, jrnYl isMG ƒ iProzpur izlHy iv`c ipMf iBMfr klW lY gey ij`Qy dmdmI tkswl dw mu`K kyNdr sI[ au~Qy jrnYl isMG ƒ KMfy dI pwhul CkweI geI[ jrnYl isMG AMimRqDwrI qy SsqrDwrI ho in`biVAw Aqy gurU goibMd isMG ipqw dw ie`k lwswnI sMq-ispwhI bx igAw[ AMimRqpwn krn qoN pihlW vI jrnYl isMG in`qnym kirAw krdy sn[ AwpxI KyqI kridAW vI auh jpujI swihb piVHAw krdy sn[ jrnYl isMG isr& 19 swlW dy sn jd aunHW dw ivAwh bIbI pRIqm kOr nwl hoieAw jo ik su`cw isMG dI bytI sI Aqy pirvwr ipMf iblwspur dw rihx vwlw sI[ sMq jrnYl isMG is`K kOmI s&W 'qy aus vyly swhmxy Awey jd ^wlsw pMQ ie`k bVy nwzuk dOr iv`coN guzr irhw sI[ aus vkq bhuq swrIAW qwkqW is`KW dy Dwrmk Aqy s`iBAwcwrk ivrsy 'qy hmlw kr rhIAW sn qy is`K gurU swihbwn dI dyx Aqy piv`qrqw ƒ SryHAwm ibnW rok dy vMgwirAw jw irhw sI[ ienHW hmilAW iv`c isrmOr sI AKOqI-inrMkwrIAW dw DVw[ ienHW ny Aqy ienHW dy AwikAW ny is`KI dy mUl isDWqW ƒ durkwirAw Aqy gurU swihbwn dy ruqby ƒ nw kyvl CuitAwieAw blik aus dw mzwk vI aufwieAw[ aunHW ny guru swihbwn dI hoNd 'qy vI pRSn icMnH lgwey[

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hYrwnI dI g`l ieh sI ik jd ieh sB kuJ ho irhw sI qW SRomxI AkwlI dl Aqy SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI ny ienHW n&rqI muihMmW Aqy vMgwrW ƒ A`KoN Ehly kr id`qw Aqy iblkul noits nhIN ilAw[ A^OqI-inrMkwrIAW ƒ kWgrs pwrtI Aqy BwrqI inzwm dI pUrI rihnumweI Aqy gupq mdd hwsl sI[ pMjwb iv`c SRomxI AkwlI dl dI srkwr aunHW dy mnsUibAW Aqy kwrvweIAW ƒ mUk drSk bx ky dyK rhI sI[ is`K ivroDI lihr, jo pMjwb ivc pRPu`lq ho rhI sI, ƒ rokx dw qhhIAw dmdmI tkswl ny kIqw[ sMq krqwr isMG dI nOjvwn AgvweI dy qihq A^OqI-inrMkwrI lihr dIAW is`K-ivroDI kwrvweIAW dw ft ky mukwblw kIqw igAw[ 16 Agsq 1977 ƒ ie`k hwdsy iv`c gMBIr z^mI hox auprMq sMq krqwr isMG Akwl clwxw kr gey[ A^OqI-inrMkwrI lgwqwr is`KI dw inrwdr kr rhy sn[ sMq krqwr isMG qoN bwAd A^OqI-inrMkwrIAW iKLw& iv`FI lVweI sMq jrnYl isMG dI izMmyvwrI bx geI[ aunHW dy sMGrS dw inSwnw Bwrq srkwr v`l vI kyNdrq ho igAw ikauNik is`KW iKlw& ivqkry jwrI sn[ is`KW nwl dUjy drjy dy SihrI vWg ivhwr kIqw jw irhw sI Aqy Bwrq srkwr ienHW is`K-ivroDI qwkqW dI puSq-pnwhI kr rhI sI[ ie`k hor JUTw Dwrmk DVw sI rwDwsvwmIAW dw[ aunHW ny vI ^wlsy dI ivl`Kxqw Aqy ^wlseI soc ƒ r`d kIqw sI[ ieh dovyN DVy, A^OqI inrMkwrI Aqy rwDwsvwmI, SryHAwm AwpxI is`K-ivroDI n&rq-BrpUr muihMm clw rhy sn[ bhwdr jrnYl sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAw ny ieh inScw kIqw ik auh ies hmly dw twkrw krngy[ aunHW dI S^sIAq dy pRBwv ny Avysly hoey ^wlsy ƒ kuMBkrnI nINdr coN jgw id`qw ijs sdkw ^wlsy dy jIvn iv`c dsm pwqSwh dy mu`Fly isDWq Aqy ^wlseI joS muV surjIq ho gey[ ^wlsw pMQ dw ies qrHW punr-surjIq hoxw kyNdr srkwr ƒ hrigz brdwSq nhIN sI Aqy aunHW ny is`KW dy ies ienklwbI bdlwA ƒ nysqonwbUq krn leI mnsUby GVny SurU kr id`qy[ drbwr swihb Aqy Akwl q^q swihb 'qy Bwrq srkwr dw AwpxIAW &OjW Byj ky zordwr hmlw krnw aus mnsUby dw hI pihlw v`fw kdm sI[ Akwl q^q swihb ƒ Fwh-FyrI krnw ^wlsw pMQ dy jzby Aqy ie`Cw SkqI ƒ dbwaux dw Xqn sI[ Akwl q^q swihb Aqy drbwr swihb 'qy mwrI hr ie`k goLI ny hr ie`k is`K dw ihrdw ivMnH id`qw[ inrsMdyh, is`K kOm fUMGI z^mI ho geI[ ies Gol dy iv`c hoeI gihg`c lVweI iv`c sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwly lwswnI 22


bhwdrI nwl, bySumwr SsqrW nwl lYs BwrqI &Oj dw mukwblw krdy hoey AwpxI jwn inCwvr kr gey[ ies qrHW auh vIhvIN sdI dy mhwn is`K ShId ho in`bVy[ aunHW nwl sYNkVy hor isMG-isMGxIAW vI ShId hoey[ ies leI loV hY ik SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI aunHW dI Shwdq ƒ smrpq ie`k FukvIN Xwdgwr auswry[ ieh Xwdgwr Akwl q^q swihb dy nyVy hoxI cwhIdI hY ij`Qy auh ShId hoey[ smu`cI kOm ƒ sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAW ƒ siqkwr dyxw bxdw hY[ ieh Xwdgwr sMq jrnYl isMG Aqy nwl ShId hoey isMG-isMGxIAW dI kurbwnI dw pRqIk hovygI, aunHW ƒ Amr kr dyvygI Aqy is`KW leI ies g`l dw pRyrnw-sroq hovygI ik ijaUxw AxK nwl hY Aqy mrnw Swn nwl[

23


swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr ik`Qy auswrI jwvy? swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI ƒ Xwdgwr ik`Qy auswrI jwvy ies bwbq v`K-v`K qrIikAW rwhIN ivcwr pRwpq hoey[ swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI ny sMswr Br dI sMgq dy ijMny v`fy ih`sy qweIN phuMc kr skdI sI aus dI rwie lY ky, ShIdW dI Xwdgwr leI ie`h qjvIz iqAwr kIqI hY[ kmytI ƒ zordwr FMg nwl jvwb pRwpq hoieAw ik FukvIN Xwdgwr kyvl pirkrmw iv`c hI bxy Aqy rxBUmI, jo ik Akwl q^q Aqy drSnI ifEFI ivclw ivhVw hY, dy nyVy hI ho skdI hY[ Xwdgwr dI iksm, id`K Aqy aus iv`c idKweIAW jwx vwlIAW vsqW sbMDI vI ivcwr pRwpq hoey[ lgBg swry ies iv`c, A`j-k`lH pRwpq v`K-v`K swDnW rwhIN, jUn 1984 dI jMg dy idRS ivKwey jwx dy h`k iv`c sn[ kmytI Xwdgwr dI auswrI iv`c mdd krn leI ie`k ivsiqRq srb-p`KI ivcwr-vtWdrw krn dy h`k ivc hY[ kmytI ieCu`k hY ik kOmI s&W iv`c ies Xwdgwr dI rUp-ryKw, aus iv`c pRdrSq krn vwlIAW vsqW Aqy auswrI leI vrqI jwx vwlI swmgrI (A`j-k`lH vrqI jWdI ZYr-rvwieqI iemwrqI swmgrI) vI sMjIdgI nwl ivcwr-vtWdrw hovy[ kmytI Xwdgwr dI auswrI iv`c mdd krn leI ie`k ivsiqRq srb-p`KI Xojnw 'qy kMm krn dI qjvIz krdI r`KygI[ hux q`k SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI Aqy Akwl q^q duAwrw nwmzd kmytI ny jnqk qor qy koeI irport jwrI nhIN kIqI hY[ swkw drbwr swihb dOrwn ShId isMGW dI Xwdgwr pirkrmw iv`c Akwl q^q, drSnI ifEFI Aqy mIrI-pIrI inSwn swihb dy ivckwr jo ivhVw hY aus dy nyVy hI ho skdI hY[ sMq jrnYl isMG Aqy auhnW dy Amr swQIAW dI FukvIN Xwdgwr kyvl iehnW iqMnW sQwnW duAwrw iGry ivhVy dy nyVy hI auswrI jw skdI hY[ hor inSicq rUp iv`c iehdy leI koTw swihb vwly pwisauN pOVIAW au~qrIey qW Akwl q^q dy s`jy pwsy siQq drvwzy, ijs ƒ buMgw Syr isMG (AMiqkw 6 iv`c r`KIAW qsvIrW dyKo jI) vjoN jwixAw jWdw hY, ƒ ivckwr r`KidAW ies iv`c pirkrmw dw auh ih`sw ij`Qy drSnI ifEFI dy purwxy drvwzy suSoiBq hn, dI au~prlI iemwrq Aqy buMgw Syr isMG dy dUsry pwsy dI eynIN hI jgHw ƒ Swml kIqw jwxw cwhIdw hY[ ies dw ie`k ih`sw ie`k drimAwny Awkwr dI bsMqI (gurU goibMd isMG jI dy jMgI JMifAW dw rMg) isL vI ho skdI hY ijhVI ik pirkrmw iv`c iblkul aus QW jVI jw skdI hY ij`Qy sMq bwbw jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwly sdw leI gurU 24


dI suKd god iv`c jw smwey[ kmytI ie`Cuk hY Aqy Aws r`KdI hY ik AMqm &Yslw ley jwx qoN pihlW kmytI nwl slwh-mSvrw kIqw jwvy[ ijhVI vI Xwdgwr bxweI jwvy auh lwzmI Awpxy audyS dI ie^lwkI SwnoSOkq, lok-jrnYlW Aqy XoiDAW dy &OlwdI ierwdy Aqy gurU-drbwr, ijs ƒ gurU v`loN AwrMBI nv-jIvn pRdwn krn vwlI s`iBAqw dw sdIvI ^udmu^iqAwr kyNdr-ibMdU sQwpq kIqw igAw hY, au~qy hmly dw mukwblw krn dI AswDwrn idRVHqw ƒ swkwr krdI hovy[ swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI Xwdgwr dw Aijhw sMklp dy rhI hY jo mukMml qOr 'qy ibnw d^lAMdwzI pirkrmw dI rvwieqI iemwrqI suMdrqw ƒ kwiem r`KygI, cOigrdy nwl ie`k-im`k hovygI Aqy koeI AijhI QW nhIN GyrygI ijs nwl ieh in`KVvIN jwpy[ ieh jMgI idRSW ƒ ieMn-ibMn drsweygI Aqy gurU dy XoiDAW dy Afol jzby nwl myl KWdw AlOikk pRBwv isrjygI[ ieh koeI QW nw m`ldI pRqIq hovygI ikauNik swfy ShId vI koeI QW nhIN sn m`lxw cwhuMdy[

25


ShIdI Xwdgwr: kdoN kI hoieAw? 1. &rvrI 20, 2002 ƒ SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI dI AMqirMg kmytI

iv`c jUn 1984 dy ShIdW dI Xwdgwr bxwayux dw mqw pws hoieAw[

2. jUn 6, 2003 ƒ sMq jrnYl isMG jI ^wlsw iBMfrWvwilAW Aqy G`lUGwry dy

smUh ShIdW dw ShIdI idhwVw dl ^wlsw ny hornW pMQk jQybMdIAW dy sihXog nwl mMjI swihb dIvwn ivKy mnwieAw[Akwl q^q swihb dy jQydwr dI hwzrI iv`c smUh jQybMdIAW ny ShIdI Xwdgwr auswrn leI mqw pws kIqw[

3. jnvrI 2004 ƒ dl ^wlsw dy ie`k v&d ny AnMdpur swihb ivKy SRomxI

kmytI dy aus vyly dy pRDwn jQydwr gurcrn isMG tOhVw nwl mulwkwq kr ky ShIdI Xwdgwr auswrn dI mMg kIqI[

4. SRomxI AkwlI dl (AMimRqsr) ny vI ShIdI Xwdgwr dw mu`dw v`K-v`K

mOikAW au~qy Asrdwr FMg nwl auTwieAw hY[SRomxI kmytI dy pRDwn, mu`K kimSnr gurduAwrw coxW Aqy v`K-v`K mulkW iv`c is`K sMgqW ƒ ies mu`dy qoN jwxMU krvwauNdy rhy hn[ hr swl sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAW dy jnm idhwVy dy pRogrwmW dOrwn ies bwbq mqw pws kIqw jWdw irhw hY[

5. meI 27, 2005 ƒ AnMdpur swihb ivKy hoeI bIbI jgIr kor dI pRDwngI

hyT mIitMg dOrwn SRomxI kmytI ny ShIdI Xwdgwr dw nINh p`Qr r`Kx leI 6 jUn dw idn imiQAw pr Aw^rI pLW au~qy ieh pRogrwm Axd`sy kwrxW krky AximQy smyN leI mulqvI kr id`qw igAw[

6. jUn 5, 2005 ƒ dl ^wlsw ny G`lUGwrw XwdgwrI mwrc kIqw Aqy ShIdI

Xwdgwr bxwaux dI mMg duhrweI[

7. jUn 3, 2009 ƒ dmdmI tkswl, AKMf kIrqnI jQw, ^wlsw AYkSn

kmytI, dl ^wlsw, Akwl &YfrySn, SRomxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI), ^wlsw imSn kmytI, is`K XUQ AOv pMjwb, gur Awsrw tr`st, bwbw bljIq isMG dwdUvwl, BweI jsbIr isMG rofy ny SRomxI kmytI ƒ ShIdI Xwdgwr sbMDI sWJy qOr 'qy Xwd-p`qr id`qw[

8. meI 24, 2010 ƒ dl ^wlsw ny Akwl qKq swihb Aqy SRomxI kmytI ƒ

ShIdI Xwdgwr bwry Xwd-p`qr id`qw[

9. jUn 3, 2010 qoN 6 jUn 2010 q`k dl ^wlsw ny drbwr swihb kMplYks qoN

bwhr 72 GMty Drnw id`qw Aqy ShIdI Xwdgwr bxvwaux leI SRomxI kmytI au~qy dbwA pwieAw[dl ^wlsw AwgU sqnwm isMG pwauNtw swihb ny 72 GMty Bu`K hVqwl vI r`KI[

10. meI 6, 2011 ƒ SRomxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI) ny Akwl q^q swihb

Aqy SRomxI kmytI ƒ ShIdI gYlrI KolHx Aqy ShIdI Xwdgwr bxwaux bwry Xwd-p`qr id`qw[

11. meI 12, 2011 ƒ pMQk syvw lihr dy muKI bwbw bljIq isMG dwdUvwl Aqy

26


SRomxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI) dy AwgU hrpwl isMG cImw ny is`K juJwrU BweI blvMq isMG rwjoAwxw dI ic`TI jQydwr Akwl q^q swihb ƒ sONpI ijs iv`c BweI rwjoAwxw ny ShIdI Xwdgwr bxwaux dI mMg kIqI hoeI hY[ 12. meI 27, 2011 ƒ dl ^wlsw, SRomxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI), ^wlsw

AYkSn kmytI Aqy pMQk syvw lihr dy s`dy au~qy is`K jQybMdIAW dI iek`qrqw jlMDr ivKy hoeI[ iek`T iv`c jQybMdIAW v`loN SRomxI kmytI ƒ 6 jUn 2011 q`k ShIdI Xwdgwr auswrn dw &Yslw lYx dw AltImytm id`qw[

13. meI 30, 2011 ƒ jQydwr, Akwl q^q swihb ny SRomxI kmytI ƒ ShIdW

dI Xwdgwr bxwaux leI 6 jUn qoN pihlW &Yslw lYx leI AwdyS jwrI kIqy[

14. jUn 6, 2011 ƒ SRomxI kmytI pRDwn jQydwr Avqwr isMG ny Akwl q^q

swihb qoN ShIdI Xwdgwr bxwaux leI 5 mYNbrI kmytI dy gTn dw AYLwn kIqw jo ies Xwdgwr sbMDI rUp-ryKw GV ky 2 mhIinAW AMdr AwpxI irport dyvygI[

julweI 8, 2011 ƒ cwr is`K j`QybMdIAW ny SRomxI kmytI v`loN bxweI sb-kmytI dy swQ, sihXog leI 4 mYNbrI kmytI dw gTn kIqw ijs dy mYNbr pRo. jgmohn isMG, pRo. gurqyj isMG, Ajmyr isMG Aqy ey. Awr. drSI inXukq kIqy gey[

27


AMiqkw 1: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr auswrn leI sMq bwbw hrnwm isMG jI DuMmw nUM p`qr Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial Committee Freedom House, Near Railway Station, Amritsar E: june1984memorial@gmail.com T: 9814907055, 9815360051 prm siqkwr Xog sMq bwbw hrnwm isMG jIau, muKI dmdmI tkswl, cONk mihqw, AMimRqsr mYNbr, Xwdgwr kmytI (SRomxI kmytI v`loN sQwpq) siqkwr Xog bwbw hrnwm isMG jIau, vwihgurU jI kw ^wlsw, vwihgurU jI kI &qih[ ijvyN ik Awp jI jwxdy hI ho ik pMQk jQybMdIAW v`loN bxweI geI “swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI” ny jUn 1984 ƒ sMq jrnYl isMG ^wlsw iBMfrWvwilAW smyq ShId hoey isMG-isMGxIAW dI Xwdgwr dy sQwn Aqy rUp-ryKw sbMDI KrVw iqAwr krn leI 12 julweI qoN kMm SurU kIqw hoieAw hY qW jo ie`k AijhI Xwdgwr auswrI jw sky, jo ik aunHW ShIdW v`loN drbwr swihb dI piv`qrqw, Akwl q^q swihb dI Awzwd hsqI Aqy is`K kOm dI AxK ƒ bcwaux Kwqr id`qIAW ShwdqW ƒ drswauNdI hovy[ Xwdgwr kmytI ny drbwr swihb dw dOrw kIqw hY qW jo pirkrmw iv`c Xwdgwr leI FukvIN QW dI cox kIqI jw sky[ kmytI mYNbrW ny bu`DIjIvIAW qy hor srgrm S^sIAqW nwl mulwkwqW dw islislw vI AwrMiBAw hoieAw hY[ is`K smwj dy A`f-A`f vrgW dI rwie qy suJwA hwsl krn leI kmytI ny dyS-ivdyS iv`c AKbwrW iv`c ieSiqhwr vI id`qy hn qy ieMtrnYt 'qy srvy suAwlnwmw vI pwieAw hY[ ie`k Aihm kdm auTwauNidAW, 31 julweI ƒ kmytI v`loN ie`k iek`qrqw aunHW pirvwrW nwl vI kIqI jw rhI hY ijnHW dy pirvwrW dy jIA jUn 1984 dy swkw drbwr swihb iv`c ShId hoey hn[ ienHW dy ivcwrW ƒ sMpUrn rUp iv`c kmytI dI irport iv`c drj kIqw jwvygw[ AsIN mu`F qoN hI ieh q`Q spSt kr id`qw sI ik “swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI” ƒ bxwaux dw mMqv SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI v`loN bxweI kmytI, ijs dy Awp jI vI mYNbr ho, ƒ sihXog dyxw hY[ AsIN ieh g`l vI kih cu`ky hW ik ieh kmytI AwpxI AMqirm irport 8 Agsq qoN pihlW jQydwr Akwl q^q swihb ƒ Aqy SRomxI kmytI v`loN sQwpq kmytI ƒ vI sONp dyvygI[ AKbwrI irportW muqwbk 29 julweI ƒ SRomxI kmytI v`loN bxweI kmytI dI dUjI iek`qrqw hox jw rhI hY, ijs iv`c AwpjI vI SmUlIAq krogy[ is`K sMgqW Aqy pMQk ipAwr r`Kx vwly s`jxW nwl ivcwr-crcw mgroN swfy kol jo suJwA Awey hn, auh AsIN Awp jI nwl sWJy kr rhy hW[AsIN aumId krdy hW ik qusIN ienHW suJwvW dw iDAwn r`Kogy[hyT ilKy ivcwr Awp jI dw Kws iDAwn mMgdy hn: 28


1. swkw drbwr swihb dI Xwdgwr drbwr swihb dI pirkrmw dy iv`c hI bxweI jwvy ijvyN ik bwbw dIp isMG, bwbw gurb^S isMG qy BweI su`Kw isMG-BweI mihqwb isMG dIAW XwdgwrW bxIAW hoeIAW hn[ 2. swkw drbwr swihb dI Xwdgwr isMGW dI sUrmgqI ƒ drswauNdI hovy jo aunHW ny BwrqI &Oj v`loN AwpxI &nwhkwrI qwkq nwl is`KW 'qy kIqy hmly i^lw& jUJidAW idKweI[ 3. swkw drbwr swihb dI Xwdgwr Akwl q^q swihb dy nyVy hI bxy jo ik jMg dw kyNdrI sQwn irhw hY Aqy ijs 'qy byqhwSw bMbwrI kIqI geI[ieh vI sQwpq ho cu`kw q`Q hY ik sRI drbwr swihb au~qy &OjI hmly dOrwn drSnI ifEFI Aqy Akwl q^q swihb dy ivckwrlw ivhVw jMg dw pRmu`K mYdwn bx igAw sI[ 4. “swkw drbwr swihb XwdgwrI kmytI” dw m`q hY ik jUn 1984 dI jMg dy bcy inSwnW ƒ Awaux vwlIAW puSqW leI sMBwl ilAw jwvy[ is`K sMgqW v`loN inq ivcwr Aw rhy hn[kOm dIAW suihrd iDrW ies kwrj leI idRVHqw nwl ivcwr iek`Ty kr rhIAW hn qy Byj rhIAW hn[kmytI dy mYNbr pUrw KrVw iqAwr krn vwsqy sMjIdgI nwl l`gy hoey hn[ AsIN bynqI krdy hW ik is`K sMgq dIAW BwvnwvW dw zrUr iKAwl r`iKAw jwvy jo ik aupr id`qy q`QW iv`coN spSt JlkdIAW hn Aqy jo ies jMg dI Dwrmk, isAwsI Aqy ieiqhwsk mh`qqw drswauNdIAw hn, ijhVI is`K XoiDAW ny AwpxI rvwieqI sUrmgqI nwl lVI Aqy gOrvSwlI ShwdqW pRwpq kIqIAW[ siqkwr sihq,

gurqyj isMG 27 julweI 2011

29

Ajmyr isMG

ey. Awr. drSI

pRo. jgmohn isMG


AMiqkw 2: Letter to Dr. Jaspal Singh-Dr. Prithpal Singh Kapur Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial Committee Freedom House, Near Railway Station, Amritsar E: june1984memorial@gmail.com T: 9814907055, 9815360051 Dr. Jaspal Singh –Dr. Prithpal Singh Kapur Members, SGPC-nominated Committee for Saka Dabar Sahib Memorial in Darbar Sahib Complex Dear Sardar Sahib Ji Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh! As you are aware, the Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial Committee set up by Panthic bodies on 12 July has started work for preparation of a Panthic proposal which will include identification of the appropriate site, the design and concept of a befitting memorial for those martyrs who laid down their lives to protect the sanctity of Darbar Sahib, the sui generis status of Akal Takht Sahib and the honour of the Sikh people during Saka Darbar Sahib in June 1984. The committee comprising the undersigned has visited Darbar Sahib and carried out an extensive survey of the Parkarma for the purpose of choosing an appropriate place/building. The members have had meetings with scholars and activists since then and will continue to do so till the submission of the report. The Committee has placed advertisements in newspapers in Punjab and overseas seeking opinion from members of the public, scholars and experts. The Committee has also put the survey questionnaire online to seek as many replies as possible. Significantly, we will be holding a meeting of the families of martyrs of June 1984 in Amritsar on 31 July, to rediscover their sentiments and emotions, which will be duly reflected in entirety in our report. At the very outset, we have expressly mentioned that the Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial Committee has been formed to supplement the efforts being done by the Committee appointed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, of which you are a member. We have also said that our interim report would be submitted to the Jathedar of Akal Takht Sahib, no later than 8 August 2011. As you are scheduled to be a participant in the second meeting convened by the SGPC on 30


29 July 2011, we request you to kindly consider the following points arising out of the discussions and feedback that we have received so far from the Sikh Sangat and those who are deeply attached and involved with this mission. The salient points are: 1. The Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial should be within the Parkarma of Darbar Sahib, in the same way and in the spirit of the memorials of Baba Deep Singh, Baba Gurbaksh Singh and Sukha Singh-Mehtab Singh. 2. The Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial should reflect the valour and fighting spirit of those who laid down their lives facing the full might of the Indian armed forces. 3. The Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial should be as near as possible to Akal Takht Sahib which was the main theatre of the battle and was heavily bombarded by the Indian army -and whose courtyard between the Deori of Darbar Sahib and Akal Takht Sahib was converted into a battlefield. 4. The Saka Darbar Sahib Memorial Committee is of the view that all remaining telltale marks of the Battle of June 1984 should be preserved for posterity. A detailed proposal is under preparation. We urgently request you to give due and full consideration to the above which reflects the sentiments of the Sikh Sangat and is in consonance with the religio-political and historic importance of the battle so ably fought by our valiant martyrs. With profound regards

Gurtej Singh 27 July 2011

31

Ajmer Singh

A R Darshi

Jagmohan Singh


AMiqkw 3: lok rwie iek`TI krn leI ieSiqhwr

swkw drbwr swihb

Xwdgwr ik`Qy? ikho ijhI?

jUn 1984 iv`c swkw drbwr swihb dOrwn kOm dI Awn drbwr swihb dI Azmq Aqy Akwl qKq swihb dI Swn nMU smripq huMdy hoey kOmI juJwrU Aqy Axigxq byksUr mrd, bIbIAW Aqy b`cy BwrqI POj nwl jUJdy hoey AwpxIAW jwnW inSwvr kr gey[ A`j 27 swlW bwAd mOkw bixAw hY ik aunHW leI ie`k FukvIN Xwdgwr bxweI jwvy[ ies bwry Awpxy vfmu`ly ivcwr idE jI[

m hW

kI swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr, bwbw dIp isMG dI Xwdgwr Aqy bwbw gurbKS isMG dI Xwdgwr vWg prkrmw ivc hI hoxI cwhIdI hY? m nw

m bwhr

m ikqy hor

Xwdgwr ikho ijhI hoxI cwhIdI hY?

m pihlW qoN mOjUd ieiqhwsk iemwrq iv`c m gurduAwrw rUp iv`c m jMgI Xwdgwr m auprokq iqMnW dw sumyl

drbwr swihb dI prkrmw ivc Xwdgwr ik`Qy bxnI cwhIdI hY?

m buMgw rwmgVHIAw dy nyVy m gurU qyg bhwdur swihb dy QVw swihb nyVy m Akwl qKq swihb dy s`jy pwsy (mhwrwjw Syr isMG idauVI dy nyVy-qyVy) m lMgr hwl dy swhmxy pwrk iv`c m ikDry hor?

kI qusIN Xwdgwr bxwaux dy auprwilAW iv`c Xogdwn pwauxw cwhogy? not: Awpxw nwm, pqw, Pon, eImyl Aqy ik`qw ilK ky jvwb eImyl rwhIN jW fwk rwhIN Byjo jI[

swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI

gurqyj isMG

Ajmyr isMG

ey. Awr. drSI

Email: june1984memorial@gmail.com

pRo. jgmohn isMG

jwrI krqw: dl Kwlsw, SRomxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI), Kwlsw AYkSn kmytI, pMQk syvw lihr pqw: Azwd Bvn, nyVy rylvy stySn, AMimRqsr (9814907055, 9815360051)

ieh ieSiqhwr AjIq AKbwr iv`c Cpvw ky lokW koloN rwie mMgI geI

32


AMiqkw 4: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI mYNbrW dI sMKyp jwx-pihcwx

swkw drbwr swihb ShIdI Xwdgwr kmytI dy mYNbr drbwr swihb dI pRkrmw iv`c FukvIN QW l`Bx leI srvyA krdy hoey[

gurqyj isMG cMfIgVH dy rihx vwly gurqyj isMG iek AiDAwpk rih cuky hn[ izMdgI dw lMbw smw aunHw ny pRSwsink syvwvW kIqIAW hn[ auh lMmy smyN qoN is`K ieiqhws dI roNA nwl cl rhy hn[ qkrIbn do dhwky “pRoPYsr AwP is`Kieizm” dw pMQk Awhudw hMFw cu`ky hn[ aunHW ny bqOr is`K hmdrd Aqy icMqk vjoN dyS-ivdyS iv`c aunHW dI pCwx hY[ pMjwbI Aqy AMgRyjI iv`c ie`k drjn dy krIb ikqwbW is`K Drm, ieiqhws Awid bwry ilK cu`ky hn[ is`K kOm dy v`fy smkwlI bjurgW nwl ienHW dy suKwvyN sbMD rhy hn[ sMq bwbw jrnYl isMG jI Kwlsw nwl ienHw dy nyVly sbMD sn[ ies irSqy sdkw auh sMq jI dy AkIidAW, BwvnwvW, socxI Aqy GwlnwvW pRqI fUMGI jwxkwrI r`Kdy hn[ pwiksqwn srkwr v`loN AnMd mYirj AYkt kwnMUn bxwey jwx iv`c BrpUr Xogdwn pwieAw hY[ ipCly qIh swlW qoN mnu`KI AiDkwrW dI lihr nwl juVy hn[ Ajmyr isMG gUVH rwjsI ivSlySk ijnHw ny Ajoky smyN dy ieiqhws nMU klmbMd ienHW pusqkW ivc kIqw hY “vIhvIN sdI dI is`K rwjnIqI-iek gulwmI qoN dUjI gulwmI q`k (2003)”, “iks ibD rulI pwqSwhI (2007)” Aqy “1984AxicqivAw kihr (2009)” jgmohn isMG 52 swlw jgmohn isMG ipCly iqMn dhwikAW qoN mnu`KI AiDkwr, is`KW dy h`kW leI jMgjU hn[ auh moq dI szw dy iKlwP muihMm ivc juty hoey hn[ auh pMQk mu`idAW Aqy is`K kOmI pihcwx vwly lyK ilKx Aqy Ajoky msilAW qy is`K kOmI p`K nMU aujwgr krn dy auprwly krdy rihMdy hn[ A`j-kl auh is`K kOm nMU sO PIsdI isiKAq krn, Kws krky kOm dy pCVy vrg bwry Koj, iv`idAw Aqy pRPulq vwly auprwly kr rhy hn[ ey. Awr. drSI pMjwb srkwr dy jwieMt s`kqr, vDIk ifptI kimSnr dy Ahudy qoN syvw-mukq hoey pI. sI. AYs APsr, jo ik sb ifiviznl myijstRyt dy Ahudy qy vI rhy hn[ aunHW ny pMjwb dy Dwrimk-isAwsI msilAW bwry bhuq bwrIkI nwl nzrSwnI krdy Aw rhy hn[ sMq jrnYl isMG iBMfrWvwilAW dI dyx bwry pihlI ikqwb ilK ky byimswl kMm kIqw hY[ 33


AMiqkw 5: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr kmytI dIAW mYNbr jQybMdIAW dI sMKyp jwx-pihcwx Kwlsw AYkSn kmytI

is`K pMQ dIAW v`K-v`K jQybMdIAW vloN sWJy rUp iv`c ‘Kwlsw AYkSn kmytI’ dw gTn 4 julweI 2007 ƒ srsy swD dI Kwlsw pMQ ƒ idqI cuxOqI nwL nij`Tx dy mMqv nwl kIqw igAw sI[ ies dw mOjUdw srUp Kwlsw AYkSn kmytI, iek Dwrimk jQybMdI dy rUp iv`c bdl cu`kw hY[ mOjUdw smy iv`c ies dI AgvweI BweI mohkm isMG kr rhy hn[ pMQk m`uidAW qy msilAW leI jQybMdI dw hW-p`KI nzrIAw hY[

dl Kwlsw

dl ^wlsw dw Ajokw srUp 6 Agsq 1978 ƒ hoNd ivc AwieAw jo ieiqhwsk qOr qy pRvwinq is`K pMQ dI hoNd-hsqI, muFlI Swn qy pRBUs`qw ƒ muV surjIq krn leI XqnSIl hn[ srdwr gijMdr isMG dI rihnumweI Aqy srdwr hrcrnjIq isMG DwmI dI AgvweI hyT jQybMdI is`KW leI iek vKry rwj dI pRwpqI leI Aqy is`K h`kW-ihqW dI rwKI leI vcnb`D hY[

SRomxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI)

BweI dljIq isMG dy audm Aqy XqnW sdkw SRomxI AkwlI dl (pMc pRDwnI) dI sQwpnw 30 nvMbr 2007 ƒ luiDAwxw ivKy hoeI[ ‘pMc pRDwnI’ prMprw ‘qy ADwirq pMj isMGW ƒ jQybMdI dI AgvweI sONpI geI[ ^wilsqwn dI pRwpqI leI srgrm ies jQybMdI dI lIfriSp ny juJwrU sMGrS ivc Xogdwn pwieAw hY[ jQybMdI hr pMQk sMkt mOky mohrI BUimkw inBWaudI Aw rhI hY[

pMQk syvw lihr

‘pMQk syvw lihr’ is`K pRcwrk bwbw bljIq isMG dwdU swihb vwly dI AgvweI hyT srgrm hY[ dmdmI tkswl dy ividAwrQI rhy bwbw bljIq isMG AwDuink smy dy hwxI hn qy gurmq dy prcwrk hn[ mYgjIn, ieMtrnYt qy sI.fIj rWhI auhnW dyS-ivdyS ivc ijQy Drm pRcwr dI lihr qor r`KI hY, auQy nwL hI dyhDwrI gurUfMm iKlwP JMfw-brdwr vI hn[

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AMiqkw 6: swkw drbwr swihb Xwdgwr dI auswrI leI cox kIqy sQwnW dIAW qsvIrW

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Report on June 1984 Darbar Sahib Memorial