PORTFOLIO LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE Ruyi Han | 韩如意 email@example.com
Ruyi Han Born in 1996/07/02, Changde City, Hunan Province, China. email: firstname.lastname@example.org
No.11 Middle School of Changde City, Hunan Province 2008/9-2011/7
Changde Zhilan Experimental School 2011/9-2014/7 Beijing University Of Technology 2014/9-2018/7
(2015-2016) Tancheng Planning & Design CO.LTD
Sketch up Autocad
(2017)Participate in the â€œ CompetitionMy Idea of Livable West City: Creative Design of Street and Public Space in Xicheng District of Beijing.â€? Competition.
(2018)engage in an eco-design exchange program of Hengshui Lake organized by my university together with a designer, Pascal Gysin from Switzerland and the Kukuk corporation from Germany.
For more than a hundred times in my dream, I picture a time traveling back to the suburb areas of China, where I would rather turn myself into a small drop of ink on the scroll of mountains and creeks, living in an environment, enjoying the fascinating surroundings which is exactly constructed conforming to the nature and harmoniously blended into the landscape. As I always believe, everything on the planet has its own uniqueness, only when we act based on its characteristic can we perfectly display and arrange it. Waking up from sweet dreams, I secretly determined that I would be destined to be an extraordinary artist in Environmental Design. Hence, Environmental Design was selected as my major without any hesitation before I entered the university and undoubtedly was expected to accompany me along my academic study for master degree. My study and practicum performance paid me off and I currently got satisfactory rank in my university. The undergraduate study has provided me the aesthetic and reasonable thinking mode assisting me to understand how to properly handle the relationship between nature and architecture. Meanwhile, my professional experience tremendously broaden my horizon and sharpen my skills. Here is some of my recent work which was undertaken during my landscape architecture course at university.
CONTENTS 01 AGRICULTURAL WETLAND LANDSCAPE LOCATION: Changde City, Hunan Province, China. JUNE. - AUG. 2018
The site of the project is located in the Yangtze River Basin. Some parts of China are affected by monsoons and divided into rainy and dry seasons. In the rainy season, rivers often flood farmlandsDuring the rainy season, the farmlands next to the river basin is inundated due to flood discharge from the upstream reservoir. By reusing topography, plants and functions, the revetments of the basin is re-designed and a wetland ecosystem dominated by agricultural crops is formed to achieve flood control, water purification and restoration of the basin ecological environment.
02 SAFE AND FUN CHILDREN'S PASSAGE LOCATION: Changde City, Hunan Province, China. PROJECT AREA: about 1.2 hectares. SEPT. - NOV. 2017
Nowadays, there are an increasing number of high-rise buildings and insecure factors in the outdoor environment which lead to the lack of space for children to have outdoor activities and even cause their physical and mental problems. Based on the existing environment, the project creates a safe and fun outdoor activity space for children. The space is an overhead passage that connects the noisy neighborhoods and schools, providing children with venues for activities and ensuring the safety of school at the same time.
03 A NATURAL PARADISE IN THE CITY LOCATION: Beijing, China. PROJECT AREA: about 8 hectares. SEPT. 2017- JAN. 2018
Nowadays, people who are struggling to survive in cities need to find some ways to release pressure and pursue happiness. It is often a good choice to get close to nature. The project site is located in a Beijing fruit farm that lacks management. The vegetation coverage rate is as high as 85%. The existing forest lands, ponds, fruit trees and various cultured animals are all with vibrant scenes. By re-planning the terrains, functions and activities on the existing natural resources, the entire site is systematically designed to form three organic system models, which optimize a wholesome ecosystem on the site and meanwhile become a place where city people can experience nature, relax and have fun.
04 "FUSION" — AN INTEGRATED COMMUNITY IN THE CBD LOCATION: Beijing, China. PROJECT AREA: about 6.45 hectares. MAR. - JUNE. 2018
The project is located in a CBD. The place currently is a shanty town. According to the new urban plan, it will be demolished and rebuilt. The concept of “Fusion” is adopted in the design to integrate the functions of the site into the surrounding environment and activate the site. The integrated community is divided into four areas. The site uses the terrains to plan a drainage system. The site center forms a rain garden, which solves the existing water accumulation problem, improves the ecological environment, and provides many activities venues for people.
AGRICULTURAL WETLAND LANDSCAPE
LOCATION: Changde City, Hunan Province, China. PROJECT OVERVIEW: The site of the project is located in the Yangtze River Basin. Some parts of China are affected by monsoons and divided into rainy and dry seasons. In the rainy season, rivers often flood farmlandsDuring the rainy season, the farmlands next to the river basin is inundated due to flood discharge from the upstream reservoir. By reusing topography, plants and functions, the revetments of the basin is re-designed and a wetland ecosystem dominated by agricultural crops is formed to achieve flood control, water purification and restoration of the basin ecological environment.
PROBLEMS: The source of the river is a reservoir. More rainfall in the rainy season, opening reservoir and releasing water. The water level in the lower reaches of the reservoir rises, flooding the fields in the lower terrains.
The impacts on the agricultural landscape.
INFLUENCE Dry seasons: the water volume of the river is reduced, the wetland is shrinking， and sewage and silt is deposited in the river.
SECTIONS: the river bank formation and the flooded area.
Rainy seasons: large amount of w a t e r, f l o o d i n g , low-lying fields and wasteland are inundated, affecting the growth of crops and plants.
NATURAL RESERVE SITE
SITE Regional climate characteristics: subtropical monsoon climate. The four seasons are distinct with the biggest hidden danger—flooding. The flood happens about once every two years; the big flood happens about once every four years. Site characteristics: · The site is located in the northeast of the city and is sited at the entrance and exit of the city-suburb highway. The traffic is convenient. · The site is adjacent to the Liuye Lake Tourist Resort and Sun Mountain Nature Reserve, rich in natural flora and fauna · The geology around the site is low hills. The mountain water in the Nature Reserve in the northwest part of the site merges into the Hongqi Reservoir at the upper reaches of the site, runs through the river channel, and finally flows into the ‘first city lake in China’—Liuye Lake.
EXISTING LANDSCAPE TYPES Hongqi reservoir
Artificial landscape reservoirs
Agricultural landscape rice fields
Keys buildings riverside buildings
DESIGN CONCEPTS Through the rational allocation and combination of agricultural landscape, natural landscape and artificial landscape, the purpose of flood control, purification of water quality and restoration of habitats will be achieved. restoration of habitats
purification of water quality
RESEARCH ON THE DESIGN METHODS FOR THE FULL BASIN
fast water flow speed on slopes, soil erosion
step drainage, mitigation of water flow speed, interception of water to solidify soil
less vegetation, rapid evaporation of water
increase vegetation, conserve water sources, solidify water and soil
alter the crop types in the low-lying area
—— Manage flooding and flooding in rainy seasons. —— Retain water in dry seasons. —— Solve problems of pollution and silt. —— Restore ecology and enrich species diversity. —— Create hydrophilic space and bring people closer to nature.
FOR THE FLOODED AREA
the wastelands are flooded
widen the river channels, create wetlands
the farmlands are flooded
ANTICIPATION Providing beautiful river views and special event experiences. waterfront trails
water plank roads
change the terrain’s vertical directions, design buffer zones
RIVER POLLUTION PROBLEM
POLLUTION CONTROL Health crisis
Human The flow of pollution sources sourcessources
Accumulation of toxic substances
Agricultural production reduction Crop death
Single plant species
Destruction of animal habitats
Reduction in animal species and quantity Reduction in microbial population Destruction of soil health Ecosystem destruction
domestic pollution garbage deposition, foul odor, water hypoxia, eutrophication
agricultural pollution pesticides, N/P/K chemical substances,water hypoxia, eutrophication
industrial pollution chemical substances, ecosystem destruction
pollutants wetland purification areas river
WATERFRONT SPACE TYPES Through the rational allocation and combination of agricultural landscape, natural landscape and artificial landscape, the landscape pattern of agricultural wetlands is formed to achieve the purpose of flood control, purification of water quality and restoration of habitats. FA R M L A N D S — R I V E R CHANNELS—LOTUS PONDS - Widen the middle river area, expand the water storage area, and create wetlands - Add buffer zones between the rivers and the farmlands to change the topography of the farmlands and form terraces
H I G H WAY S — FA R M LANDS—RIVER CHANNELS—VILLAGES - Connect the farmlands and the river channels, and widen the river channels - Plant aquatic crops in lower-lying farmland areas - Set up hydrophilic planks road near the village area and plant ornamental plants
VILLAGES—RIVER CHANNELS—VILLAGES - Design waterfront trails to create event space - Design landscape bridges between villages to increase communication between villages, and between people and river basins
- The river designed with step drainage to slow down the water flow and present the scene of static and dynamic water flow.
PLANT DESIGNďźš Choose native plants to enhance the visual experience of the landscape. Before design: The plant species in the river are single; the intermediate area lacks submerged water plants.
After design: Enrich the plant species in the intermediate area of the rivers; increase the aquatic plants with water purification function; plant fruit trees in the fields or village areas, enrich the agricultural landscape.
15 years later:
deciduous trees pine china fir WOODLAND AREA
hydrophyte WATERFRONT AREA
SAFE AND FUN CHILDREN'S PASSAGE
LOCATION: Changde City, Hunan Province, China. PROJECT AREA: about 1.2 hectares.
PROJECT OVERVIEW: Nowadays, there are an increasing number of high-rise buildings and insecure factors in the outdoor environment which lead to the lack of space for children to have outdoor activities and even cause their physical and mental problems. Based on the existing environment, the project creates a safe and fun outdoor activity space for children. The space is an overhead passage that connects the noisy neighborhoods and schools, providing children with venues for activities and ensuring the safety of school at the same time. DISCOVER THE PROBLEMS IN SOCIETY: · China's urbanization is accelerating. More and more children in cities have left natural playgrounds; instead, they now are living in a closed, narrow living space surrounded by reinforced concrete. · The way of living in unitary buildings in cities and the temptation of electronic products both reduce the opportunities for children to have face-to-face communications. · The children’s daily life is idled and monotonous. They mainly remain at home or in school.
RESEARCH ON THE DESIGN METHODS PRESENT: stay at home Nowadays, children's activities are mainly based on electronic products; mostly they play alone.
WISH: go outside Create outdoor activities to attract children to go out of the door, approach nature, and make new friends.
Children's troubles: Where to play? Whom to play with?
Parents' concerns: Heavy traffic! Bad guys!
PRESENT: dangerous space Most of the outdoor venues today are open and vehicles are moving through the crowd.
CHILDREN'S PHYSICAL PROBLEMS:
frail and sick
CHILDREN'S MENTAL PROBLEMS: WISH: safe space Define the scope of activity space, improve the safety of sites, set up event facilities, and increase the site activities anxiety, nervousness
lack of sociability
DESIGN CONCEPTS Inorder to make children's after-school life no longer be a repeated and monotonous two-point line between the school and their home, create safe activity space for children outdoor, stimulate their vitality to ease some of their physical and mental health problems.
existing venues schools (open only during school sessions) parks (open, no management)
severe illegal parking around the site— occupation of sidewalks and public spaces
human flow distribution student adult product and food market
Road safety is very important. On the way to school, an overhead passage is built for children as a ‘green channel’.
the function distribution of peripheral buildings （Within 500 meters of the site） residential buildings school
buildings and traffic distribution （Within 500 meters of the site）
in the urban area The site is located in the three central development zones of Changde City.
three central development zones of city
THE MORPHOLOGICAL REASONING PROCESS N
Children's routes to school
rotating tree houses
step entrances water trails
high and low passages multi-functional interactive areas
Routes gather to create opportunities for communications
aerial grid resting areas
glass tree house libraries glass viewing rooms
"Cake" lawns planting experience areas "point" jumping tiny terrains aerial amusement parks climbing slides
Route the existing plants
Overhead passages and additional space nodes
INTRODUCTION OF ACTIVITY FORMS
recorded planting experience
high and low passages
glass tree house libraries
rotating tree houses
color and light interactions
AERIAL AMUSEMENT PARKS - This is a major node area of the site. - This area is located in the middle of the residential area and the school. - There are abundant elevation variations in this area, which bring different visual sensations to children. - There are some small-scale recreational facilities to attract children to come here and create communication opportunities.
WATER TRAILS AND "CAKE" LAWNS - Itâ€™s located below the aerial amusement parks and connected by a slide. - Ornamental plants are planted in shallow pools to attract animals such as butterflies and birds. - The glass viewing room is also a lounge and reading room where parents can rest and wait for their children.
A NATURAL PARADISE IN THE CITY
LOCATION: Beijing, China. PROJECT AREA: about 8 hectares.
PROJECT OVERVIEW: Nowadays, people who are struggling to survive in cities need to find some ways to release pressure and pursue happiness. It is often a good choice to get close to nature. The project site is located in a Beijing fruit farm that lacks management. The vegetation coverage rate is as high as 85%. The existing forest lands, ponds, fruit trees and various cultured animals are all with vibrant scenes. By re-planning the terrains, functions and activities on the existing natural resources, the entire site is systematically designed to form three organic system models, which optimize a wholesome ecosystem on the site and meanwhile become a place where city people can experience nature, relax and have fun.
SITUATION ANALYSIS SITE LOCATION
SITE ANALYSIS The site vegetation is preserved intact.
The site is located about 12km from the center of Beijing and belongs to the city area.
The roads around the site are smooth and the transportation is convenient, accessible by both subways and public transport. TRAFFIC CONDITION ANALYSIS
highway trail internal roads building trees fruit trees
building bus routes subway routes second-class roads first-class roads bus station subway station 2km 1km 0.5km
ponds Internal animals
OPPORTUNITIES AND ADVANTAGES BACKGROUND:
PERIPHERAL FUNCTIONS ANALYSIS 62%
12% fields green space residential areas commercial areas cultural office areas logistics areas site 30 minute walk 15 minute walk 8 minute walk
The proportion of smog in Beijing per year is about 62%, which accounted for 12% of heavy haze.
The vegetation coverage rate in Beijing is about 46.2%.
The existing vegetation coverage in the venues is about 85%, of which fruit trees account for about 18%.
The resident population near the site is about 65%, and the working population account for about 20%.
DESIGN FRAMWORK reshape the terrains
high terrain low terrain elevation site boundary roads buildings
Water basins flower field orchards grassland forests service areas club buildings entrance areas site boundary roads buildings
route planning waterfront mountain area outdoor dining
NATURAL ELEMENTS IN THE FIELDS
waterfront activity center
animal interactive lawn
wetland purification pool
wood coffee house
floral art workshop
mountain aerial corridor
cafe in the woods
pedestrian route aerial corridors vehicle route
TIME DISTRIBUTION OF ACTIVITIES The site offers a variety of activities, and there are many interesting activities every month of the year.
COLOR CHANGE OF FRUIT TREES The orchard will show different colors and scenery in four seasons.
cherry peach plum hawthorn apple grape bark
ESTABLISHING A HARMONIOUS ECOSYSTEM The center of the park is the area for event experience. · The activities in this area mainly include: camping, fruit-picking in the orchard, waterfront play, waterfront plank roads, woodland coffee house, etc. · There are more population distributed here.
The transition from the center to the north, south and east. · Artificial facilities are gradually reduced in the transitional area for some free-range animals. · People can get close touch with animals here.
Peripheral natural woodland and mountainous area · This area is completely natural, where animals and plants form an independent ecosystem.
NODE DESIGN SOILLESS GREENHOUSE
The Peripheral of greenhouse restaurants The wooden platform can be over-hanged on the water surface to enrich people’s visual experience, allowing them to enjoy the lake view while eating.
soil culture Easy to grow weeds and insect pests.
soilless culture（water culture method） Easy to cause root hypoxia
water pipe nutritive medium
soilless culture（stereo aeroponics） Increase site utilization and ornamental value
soilless culture（aeroponics） Produce pollution-free green products
2m greenhouse restaurant walkway
12m outdoor dining platform
outdoor dining area
6m wooden bridge
1.5m waterfront trail
FISH-AND-VEGETATION SYMBIOSIS SYSTEM Fish-and-vegetation symbiosis system between soilless greenhouses and lakes. Here fish, plants and microorganisms form an ecosystem. This system uses the powerful decomposition ability of microorganisms as a medium to maintain the material circulation and eco-balance between organisms.
GARBAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM As time goes by, the degradable waste is degraded, the terrain subside, and the biodiversity is more abundant.
vegetation soil geomembrane permeable sandstone degradable waste non-degradable waste
① Fish made from fruits andvegetables in the greenhouse.
③ Underground pipeline into the sewage.
⑤ Water is used for watering.
② Animal excrememt sinks into the bottom, ammonia concentration increases, which is harmful to fish.
④ The use of nitrifying bacteria in the sewage ammonia, nitrite into nitrate.
⑥ Soilless aquatic planted fruits and vegetables.
⑦ The purified water flows into the pond.
WETLAND PURIFICATION SYSTEM In the summer, the rainwater in the urban drainage channel is poured into the site and the plants are severely soaked, causing plants’ death. It is planned to introduce rainwater from the drainage channel into the park through the culvert, and then filter and reuse the rainwater.
Terrace purification tank underground culvert and urban drain
pollution of waters (organic pollutant\N\P)
THIRD LEVEL PURIFICATION
organic matter settlement
developed root system (uptaked N\P by roots)
developed root system (uptaked N\P by roots)
high ornamental value (uptaked P by roots)
"FUSION"— AN INTEGRATED COMMUNITY IN THE CBD LOCATION: Beijing, China. PROJECT AREA: about 6.45 hectares.
PROJECT OVERVIEW: The project is located in a CBD. The place currently is a shanty town. According to the new urban plan, it will be demolished and rebuilt. The concept of “Fusion” is adopted in the design to integrate the functions of the site into the surrounding environment and activate the site. The integrated community is divided into four areas. The site uses the terrains to plan a drainage system. The site center forms a rain garden, which solves the existing water accumulation problem, improves the ecological environment, and provides many activities venues for people.
Beijing Central Business District CHAOYANG North Rd
the scope of CBD East Bridge Road
East Fourth Ring Road
Village in the city
However... The Huashiying Community in the CBD is close to Guomao and Chaoywai Soho. It belongs to the shanty towns in the city. There are a large number of privately-built bungalows. The sanitary environment is poor, the crowds are chaotic, and there is a great contrast with the surrounding modern urban construction.
PRESENT TRAFFIC ANALYSIS
The center of the site is low in terrain, difficult to dissipate heat and easy to accumulate water.
Change the ground materials, increase the green space, rain gardens, and wetlands.
apartment plaza commercial business office
business zone contour
tube Line 6
tube Line 10
The north side is a large residential area, and the south side is a CBD.
Functions integrated into the surrounding environment.
FORM OF TRAFFIC
There is a median strip on the south side of the road, with low traffic; there is high traffic access on the north and east sides.
The main roads are diagonally distributed, and the north and west sides have fully-open entrances and exits.
A large passenger flow between the east and the north side.
Create event space and attract people to enter the site.
WATER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
Each area designs different facilities according to its functional requirements.
Establish a sustainable drainage system to clean and collect rainwater. The method aims at creating a sustainable drainage system,in which clean rain-water is collected and reused for various purpouse. Meanwhile,the central rainwater gardenâ€™s water collection create habitat for wider biodiversity.
conmmercial office area
residence retail store
resting areas striped green space
retail store market business office
striped green space tree pool seats tree-array squares
courts runways childrenâ€™s activity venues squares
rain gardens rainwater-retaining planting areas viewing areas resting areas Key green space water collection street runoff water runoff slow underground drainage contour line
CENTRAL RAINWATER GARDEN
car park entrance
residential green space
central rainwater garden
stepped green space
business district rest area
NODE DESIGN CENTRAL RAINWATER GARDEN
FLEXIBLE DESIGN-anticipation of rain flooding range
spring and autumn
· An entrance plaza in the entertainment area. · The vision is broad and the bushes and trees are arranged in a certain order so as to guide people into the venue. · The fountain adopts a sunken design, which is fading in and out by interval to increase the playfulness.
RUNWAY AND TREE-ARRAY SQUARE
· The junction between the business district and the entertainment area. · As the boundary between the two regions, the tree-array square mainly provides a function of rest. · The runways go through the entire entertainment area, which connect the tops of buildings, allowing people to experience different views and space.
RESIDENTIAL GREEN SPACE
· The transition zone between the residential buildings and the convenience shops. · Mainly provides the function of temporary rest. · Fusion space for better communications.
THANKS FOR READING! Ruyi Han | 韩如意 email@example.com