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ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO SHOON LEI KHIN

selected works/ 2016-2019


hello I am a final year architecture student from Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). Throughout my academic career, I have discovered a philosophy that entails design as a collaborative, and interdisciplinary work that responds well to modern day and future issues. I believe that great designs are born out of hard work, perseverance and passion. I am passionate, self-driven, hardworking and willing to go above and beyond to design spaces that best suit our lifestyle.


content 00 curriculum vitae studio projects

other projects

01

the founder’s memorial

05

raffles crescent

02

the house of stairs

06

spatial joints

03

down under

07

the multi fold

04

the hope school

08

Dino


awards

work experience

Humanitarian Award

May 2017- May 2018

Archifest 2016

Sept - Oct 16

Docent Best Rotaract Project for the District

May 2017- May 2018

leadership experience Radiate 360

May 2017- May 2018

Leader

1) Together with 3 other leaders, lead a team of 25 fresh mores to Tra Vinh Province, Vietnam 2) Coordinated with Vietnam host organisation and SUTD 3) Applied the grant from National Youth Council (NYC) on behalf of the team 4) Built Water collection system and solar system to the community library 5)Fund raised and gathered sponsorship over $3000

co-curricular Radiate 360

Jan 2017

Planning Committee 1) Was part of a team of 3 who designed educational toolkits which would expose the children to science and technology in an easily understandable way 2) Built Mobile Library together with a team of 26 people to cultivate a reading habit in the local children 3) Built an Eco-Garden that includes interactive activities (role-play kitchen, tepee) for the kids in the village

Digital Rhinoceros Revit Autocad Adobe Illustrator Adobe Photoshop Adobe Indesign V-ray Grasshopper Microsoft Office

skills

Fabrication Laser cutting 3D printing

Analog Model Making Architectural Sketching

1) Assisted in the tour group of 40 people by attending to the needs of the people 2) Made sure that the tour members did not get left behind by taking attendance after every location 3) Was also a photographer to record the activities, for next year Archifest Building Construction And Authority (BCA) 1) Studied the Basic Code of Accessibility 2007 and 2017 by BCA 2) Regulate and update the portal under the UDD 3) Went for site visits and audits in the Jurong Area 4) Researched on the Learning enhancement systems in the buildings and Detectable Warning Surfaces and present 5) Assisted in the revamp of the portal by coding and collating data SURBANA JURONG PRIVATE LIMITED

May- Sept 18

Intern 1) Draw conceptual drawings and develop them in 3d using rhino and sketchup softwares, followed by supervisions from the architects and structural engineers 2) Draw detailed elevations, plans and sections. 3) Edit renders and 3d diagrams for client presentations, design alterations and construction documents. Build It Green (BIG) EXCO Club by Building Construction Authority (BCA) Executive Member

Sept 18 - July 19

1) Organised a Green Mark Challenge for the polytechnic and university students to promote green built environment 2) Together with the 5 students from various universities in Singapore, coordinated and came up with the concept and the programmes for the challenge 3) Liaised with the industry partners and various organisations to gather support and fundings for the challenge


about me contact leikhin_shoon@mymail.sutd.edu.sg +65 81119477 Blk 120 #09-357 Bukit Batok Central S650120

education present

Bachelor of Science (Architecture) Singapore University of Technology and Design

2014

GCE ‘A’ Levels Jurong Junior College

2012

GCE ‘O’ Levels Shuqun Secondary School


01 the founder’s memorial Our Founders’ Memorial is a living memory of Singapore that grows as time passes. It aims to be an educational site that commemorates the efforts of our Founding Fathers and evokes a sense of pride towards Singapore’s achievements thus far. At the same time, the Memorial blends seamlessly into daily functionalities of the site. We would like to encourage people to make the most use out of the existing grass plain, which aims to be a recreational space and rest area for anyone and everyone. The Memorial is an intentional space where we have full control over the activities within. In contrast, the outdoor field is a free and open space, its purpose dictated by its occupants.

Course: Core Studio 1 / term 4 Group Members: Shoon Lei Khin, Tan Zhi Wei, Hendriko Teguh Sangkanparan, Yu Jia Xin Instructor: Ong Ker-Shing Site : Marina Bay East, Singapore


SITE FLYER

PADANG

GARDENS BY THE BAY SOUTH

MARINA BAY SANDS

site plan pond elevation

X

Y

entrance elevation

roof plan


1

2

3

1. Old Singapore 2. Developing Singapore 3. Modern Singapore meditation space plan

Section X-X

Section Y-Y section


02 the house of stairs The House of Stairs is a small members’ club with varieties of sport facilities, situated in an urban context, paying attention to the traditional architectural composition of the shop house. The House of Stairs is designed to respond sensitively to the surrounding shop houses while at the same time maintaining the minimalist outlook to stand out from the surroundings. The house aims to bring out the curiousity in the visitors with the flight of stairs that connects from the 1st floor all the way to the 4th floor. The visitors are prompted with the view of the interior volume of the shop house with floating sport halls and staggered courts.

Course: Core Studio 1 / term 4 Instructor: Ong Ker-Shing Site : Amoy Street, Singapore


long section d

long section c

short section a

short section b


basement plan

first floor plan

second floor plan

third floor plan


Boon Tat Street

Amoy Street

site plan

front elevation

back elevation


03 down under Down Under is an underground meditation space with the tree top walk above it. The project location is at the one north, surrounding by commercial buildings, filled with constant buzz of life and energy. At the centre of the site is the dense tree envelope which provides the good opportunity to be used as an element for the meditation space. The concept of the meditation space is being peaceful and has lots of green space. The green envelope is kept intact with the meditation space built around it to take advantage of the greenery to foster peaceful and tranquil environment. The meditation space is located at the steepest area of the site to take advantage of the contours.

Course: Core Studio 2/ term 5 Instructor: Christine Yogiaman Site : One North, Singapore


geometric exploration

The tree envelopes in the site are mapped out to identify of the different densities of the trees in different parts of the site. 4 nodes which are occupied with at least 70% of the trees coverage are then chosen to be the focal points. Making these 4 notes as centre points, tangential lines that are perpendicular to the tree envelope are then drawn to derive the form of the meditation space.

Concrete Roof

Glass Door Concrete walls Hardwood Flooring

Tangential lines that are perpendicular to the The area is then highlighted and demarcated tree envelopes that are at the outermost are based on the tangential lines, which will then be used for t he development of the meditadrawn. tion space.

The area is then subdivided into different zones, with each zone offering different view points. The area is the extended to the ends of the site area to form a continuous space at the tree top walk which is located on top of the meditation space.


roofplan scale: 1:250

first floor plan scale: 1:250


section 1 scale: 1:200

section 2 scale: 1:200

section 3 scale: 1:200


04 the hope school The hope school is a pre-school for the children from 3 months old to 6 years old of age in Tan Tay Village, Vietnam. The project is in collaboration with CapitaLand Vietnam whereby we got the rare opportunity to have our design come to fruition and make a difference to the community residing in Tan Tay, Long An province. The primary concept of the pre-school is connection whereby connecting spaces are created within the kindergarten with a central courtyard as the converging point. A continuous flow of spaces is established while linking learning and playing with nature, centred around an open space. Horizontal connection via corridors and vertical connection via stairs are used to foster interactive envrionment that visually blend in with the existing kindergarten.

Course: Option Studio 1/ term 7 Group Members: Shoon Lei Khin, Chan Li Yu, Rebekah Low, Low Si Hong, Ong Jie Min Instructor: Yeo Keng Hua Site : Tan Tay Village,Long An province, Vietnam


concept diagram

Continuous flow of horizontal circulation to maximise spatial usage and visual connectivity, looking into the courtyard.

Internal stair to provide direct circulation between classroom & canteen. External stair centered around courtyard to connect spaces vertically.

Classrooms are pushed to the corner to free up the space for outdoor activities, making courtyard an inviting entrance.

The existing trees in the site area are then be used to form a extended learning area , with a treetop walk.

The treetop walk is added to provide visual connection to the nature, encouraging the children to interact with nature. It can acts as a pavillion within the kindergarten, where parents and rest and children can play.

The classroom roofs follow the typological forms of the Vietnamese houses so that it blends with the surrounding. The roof will allow the hot air to rise up and cool air to sink in, cooling the classroom.


SITE PLAN 1:400

1-2 Y/O CLASSRM 20 PAX 70.35M²

STORE

NURSERY 15 PAX 82.4M²

INDOOR FARM

JANITOR’S

STORE

EXTENDED LUNCH HOUSE

2-3 Y/O CLASSRM 25 PAX 70.35M²

PLAY AREA PARENTS’ WAITING AREA

GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1:400

ASSEMBLY AREA


3-4 Y/O CLASSRM 25 PAX 70.35M²

STORE

5-6 Y/O CLASSRM 35 PAX 82.4M²

JANITOR’S

STORE

TREETOP RECREATION AREA

4-5 Y/O CLASSRM 30 PAX 70.35M²

TREETOP PLAY AREA

TREETOP PLAY AREA

2nd floor plan 1:400

section 1 1:400

section 2 1:400


05 raffles crescent A mixed use office centre that brideges connection, business, and nature, now and for the years to come. It aims to form a platform of access, networking and social space destination for businesses and professionals with a consciousness in nature, timeless, and forward looking business centre that is built for the sustainable future. Course: Building Information Modelling (BIM) Group Members: Shoon Lei Khin, Rebecca Tan, Ng Suwen , Hendriko Teguh Sangkanparan Instructor: Bige Tunce, William Saputra Site : Finlayson Green, Singapore


site analysis

The site is situated within the Central Business District. Within this urban area, there are both man-made and natural green spaces for office workers to gather and get away from their hectic work.

Nestled within the midst of many tall skyscrapers, it is important to take into consideration the orientation of openings of the buildings to face these views. The series of drawings show the views available at different levels of height on the site.

The site is situated within the Central Business District, Singapore’s vibrant and highly walkable economic center. Hence, it becomes crucial to factor in the large volume of people passing through the site, especially to and fro main traffic nodes such as MRTs and bus stops. In addition, the site is situated in between two major arterial roads and beside an important cross-junction. Its desirable position in a central location can provide for interesting design strategies

The site is situated within the Central Business District, with buildings with various heights surrounding it. The windflow analysis assuming wind direction is blowing from the sea, suggest that there is a relatively low wind area at the site. This is an opportunity to create a microclimate effect to modify and create a more comfortable office or living space.

25m

50m

75m

100m

125m

150m

175m

200m

225m

250m

275m


concept diagram iterative process

Continuation of green space

Density gradient green spaces

in

Vertical movement to provide plaza

Carving out openings for views

Central atrium for maximising wind flow

Final concept drawing


east wing

west wing

core washrooms

meeting rooms

passenger lift

pantry

cargo lift

printing rooms/ locker rooms

staircase

green pockets

HVAC

director’s room

express lift retail space

level 1 floor plan scale : 1:300

level 12 floor plan scale : 1:300

green space outdoor sitting spaces

level 3 floor plan scale : 1:300

level 32 floor plan scale : 1:300


vertical transport strategy sky lobbies and public private division Level 50

level 31-50 level 11-30 level 4-10 public 1-3, 11,31 express

Level 31 Sky Lobby types of offices:

Level 11 Sky Lobby Level 1

fun offices cloud bar

open offices rooftop restaurant

glutton alley team offices


sustainable strategies cooling and ventilation strategy

air in air out sunlight

cooling vines and green pockets

pot plant planter boxes

direct green ventilation

Wires run throughout the building and let vines to grow upon it to act as shades from sun and reduction of wind speed acting as a natural filtering mesh. This reduces the need of the airconditioning as natural shading devices are used and available.

Pot plants are not big trees yet it is sufficient to reduce the high wind speed of the higher open floors, creating a comfortable space rather than a too windy space. the plants are also the first line of defence from the harsh rain of Singapore.

The availability of greens around the development enables circulation of air from areas that usually requires ventilation. ie. maintenance shaft and toilets. The availability of trees will act as natural purifier and thus enabling a much lower energy used to make these amenities comfortable.


06 spatial joints This project aims to explore the different types of joints and locking system, using the aluminium sheet and the wooden boards to form an artefact that combines the aesthetic and the technical. The design of the artefact is simple, lightweight and makes use of the modular joints within the boundaries. The primary concept of the artefact is to design a simple joint that could serve its function of connecting 4 fins angled differently from the middle, with the minimal use of the screws.

Course: Digital Design Fabrication Group Members: Shoon Lei Khin, Nicole Tay, Fang Zixin, Zhou Chu Chu Instructor: Stylianos Dritsas


concept We sought to design a simple joint that could serve its function of connecting 4 fins angled differently from the middle. Before we came up with the design, we first looked at the design requirements in terms of lengths and the angles. From there, we went on to design the aluminium parts and the interlocking systems. We wanted to have minimal use of the screws, thus we went for the design that require no screws in the aluminium parts in the middle.

two pieces of metal pieces are interlocked toegether simply by slotting them into each other

with the shape of an ‘E”, the two pieces are interlocked together just by the gravity. The ’E’ shape prevents the pieces from sliding out

design explorations

We then came up with the locking system that combined the two of our concepts.

design assembly The three middle pieces are first inserted into the one of the metal pieces in the four wings.

The metal tabs are then added to each four sides to lock the centre middle pieces in place.

The wooden blocks are then added to each 4 metal pieces to form wings.

Different types of joints were considered to properly lock the joints without much assistance of the screws. The design of the fins that are attached to the screws are also modified to break out from the symmetry.

prototype 1

4 M8 screws are then added to each wing to secure the wooden pieces and the metal pieces together.


77.6 2

3.10 10.00

30 .00

10.00 0

10 .40 22.33 5.00

15.00 3.10

3.10

3.10

22.33

10.00

77.6 2 100.0 0

90.06 14.95

6.20

10.40

9.16

4.00

5.00

100.0

3.10

10.40

39.77

13.45

13.45

30.00

unit: mm

5.00

5.00 10.00

4.10 4.10


fabrication process 1

5

9

2d cutting file on rhino, we had to convert the curves to polycurves as well as save the file as a .dxf file so as to prepare for the actual cutting

actual cutting

filing individual metal pieces

the use of the waterjet cutting machine was a first for all of us and we were all very fascinated by the fact that water could actually cut through metal

due to the rough edges caused by the waterjet cutting, there was a need for us to file the edge of the individual pieces such that they

6

10

metal sheet with individual pieces the tabs kept the metal pieces in place such that they do not go missing. due to the simplicity of our joinery design, we did not face much trouble taking it out from the metal sheet

getting ready to assemble them as we were afraid of getting the middle joinery pieces mixed up due to the minute differences in dimensions of each, we decided to lay out accordingly before assembling them

3

7

11

preparing aluminium sheet

laser cut plywood

assembled final product

this step consists of the fablab staff helping us clamp the aluminium sheet down to the waterjet machine

due to the mild curvature at the bottom of each plywood pieces, we decided to use laser cut instead of handcutting them despite knowing there will be burnt marks.

the assembling of the final product was rather straightforward

4

8

making necessary adjustments for cut

sanding plywood pieces

2 cutting file imported upon reaching the fab lab, we passed the .dxf file to the staff who helped us to import and convert the file to the format readable by the waterjet cutting machine

the fablab staff helped us to make the necessary adjustments such as zeroing the machine to ensure that the cutting area is within the 600 x 400 mm dimensions of the aluminium sheet

we used sandpaper to individually sand the burnt edges to give them a clean and white finish. however, sanding it clean was more challenging than we expected to be


07 the multifold The aim of our design is to create a porous structure that is tall and stable with easy assembling methods to ease transportation efforts. We intend to create a hybrid structure that incorporates the structural benefits of both metal and wood into our creation. We are mainly interested in exploring with joints for our design as we would like to harness the flexibility of joints to construct a structure that is capable of being compressed for transportation ease and expanded for display purposes. In the case of joints, we explored both metal and wooden joints, with the inclination towards metal joints. We explored on joints with the aim in mind to keep our structure as light as possible while not compromising on structural stability.We also intend to engage a locking mechanism in our design to stabilise the joints and ensure the integrity of the structure. All in all, we envision our structure to be a sophisticated fusion of metal and wood that harness the benefit of both materials to maximise stability with minmal weight and maximum height. For the wooden skeletal structure, we intend to give it a simple and straightforward configuration.

Course: Digital Design Fabrication Group Members: Shoon Lei Khin, Charlotte Phang, Low Si Hong, Wang Yukun Instructor: Stylianos Dritsas, Sam Conrod Joyce


design concepts

Prototype 3* utilises a hinge mechanism.

Our final design uses bolts and nuts for our joint connections.

Every two plates is linked by 4 columns, each made up of two identical wooden pieces, connected by a hingein the middle. The wooden pieces are then connected to the planks above and below using two other hinges respectively.

Every plate is made up four wooden pieces joined by through joints, which are further reinforced by nails to ensure structural integrity.

The locking mechanism is situated at two sides of the overall structure. It involves a wooden piece connected to the wooden plank on the upper end by a hinge and a shape complementary to the groove created on the lower plank. During rest, the hinges allow the compression of the structure to form stacks and during display, the hinges allows the expansion of structure and supports are placed in locked position. Problems encountered: The design was structurally unsound and can be simplified further for easier assembly. However, we wanted to stick to our concept of designing joints for our structure. We explored further to see what joints would be more appropriate for our structure.

initial design

Every 2 plates are linked by 4 columns, with each column made up of 2 identical wooden pieces with a 10 cm stack overlap where the bolts and nuts are placed to connect the pieces. Bolts and nuts are also used to connect the columns to the plates. There are 2 bolts and nuts at each connection, arranged in a vertical position. When the top bolt is removed for every connection, it allows the one-dimensional rotation of the joint such that the entire structure can be compressed to form stacks of plates with the columns resting at the sides. When in expanded form, both bolts will be in place at each connection to lock the joints and ensure structural intergrity.


karamba gravity load factor: 1 wind load factor: 0.500 deformation: 5 cross sections type: trapezoid type of load(s): lateral forces (wind load), self-weight

Wind Load

Fixity points

Utilisation

There are 8 points of the structure that are fixed to the ground.

M i n i m a l displacement due to force

Utilisation for new design is much lower than the old design. According to this analyis, the skeletal structure of the new design has achieved high structural stability.


fabrication process preparation stage Before beginning our fabrication and assembly of the structure, we had to plane and cut the wooden planks given to us ( 6in x 4in x 1in) according to the sizes that we required.

We cut the wooden planks into two categories: 1) 1510 mm x 50.8 mm for base plate, 2) 850 mm x 25.4 mm for columns

We planed the wooden pieces individually according their thickness.

cutting & drilling We then marked out, cut and drill the wooden planks according to our structure.

We mark out the 1510 mm x 50.8 mm plank to make a through joint for the base plane.

We mark out the 850 mm x 25.4 mm plank to make holes to form rotating and locking joints for the columns.


fabrication process assembly

Before beginning our fabrication and assembly of the structure, we had to plane and cut the wooden planks given to us ( 6in x 4in x 1in) according to the sizes that we required.

Hammering in the nails into the joints to reinforce them.

The columns are erected up for another base plane to attach on top.

Two nails are hammered diagonally

The structure is built in modules.

The planks are drilled into holes for the bolts and nuts.

Bolts and the nuts are inserted and then tightened to ensure the structure is stable.

The joints are rotated and the module is compressed downwards,


08 dino The project aims to create a pop up structure that makes use of the particle spring system, with the real world support situation. Making use of the design computation with the physic concepts of spring system, the structure is fabricated with steel wires and numerous modellinig techniques. The concept of our project is the abstractness in our structure that can be used as an artefact in the studio. As such, from different points of views, the structure can be evolved into different forms with different interpretations. Course: Digital Design Computation Group Members: Shoon Lei Khin, Samuel Halim, Peng Mao Yu, Lim Kian Chong, Elvin Kee Instructor: Jason Lim


code explorations

With the template codes given to us, we explored and modified the codes to find the general shape of the structure we want to create. We also explored different kinds of curvatures (inward and outward indentations, cantilevers) with different grid systems ( rectangular, triangle, hexagon) and different numbers of anchor points that we would like to have in our structures.


grasshopper program (a) Part A creates the grid which is then used as input edge lines.

Part B determines the length of the individual segments in the structure and lays out all of them in a single plane based on their row numbers. These lines are later then exported and printed out to be used in the fabrication processes.

(b)


prototype physical explorations We experimented with the way we were to construct our sculpture and our initial impulse was to have a seamless joint so as to form an almost continuous line to not detract away from the sculptural quality of the piece.

Joints were heat shrinked to connect the wires at the common bent length. Small plastic tubings were also used to secure the joints, but it was found out that those tubings were not strong enough to hold the wires tightly.

Joints were also soldered and sanded to keep the joints fixed in place, but the same problem persisted.

Superglue was then tested for the joints. However, the joints weakened considerably when three wires were required to come together at a point as the point of connection between them lessened.

Hot glue gun was the last option we attempted which achieved a similar result as soldering as the wires are connected through a small ball of glue. The amount of inaccuracy could also be reduced as the hot glue granted us a greater amount of time to align the joints, allowing us to achieve higher consistency in joining the wires and to make adjustments before attaching the wires. The difference in materiality is a little jarring but it was a compromise we chose to make.


assembly


thank you

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Architecture Portfolio| 2017-2019  

Architecture Portfolio| 2017-2019  

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