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In this issue: SMACNA-BC 33rd Annual Golf Classic Coated Duct Liners Hamilton Transit Centre Long Lasting Benefits of Doing Good

Publications Mail Agreement # 40719512

Official Journal of Record for SMACNA-BC



Formed in 1969, the British Columbia Sheet Metal Association (SMACNA-BC) was the first international chapter of the Sheet Metal & Air-conditioning Contractors National Association (SMACNA). Founded in 1934, SMACNA traces its history to the National Association of Sheet Metal Contractors established in 1910, and has 2,300 members worldwide. SMACNA-BC is a member-driven association representing unionized sheet metal contractors in the Mainland of BC, and suppliers to our industry. It promotes the growth and stability of the members and industry. OUR MANDATE • To improve the financial stability and business conditions of the sheet metal industry, and to develop and promote methods to improve managerial proficiency • To improve quality, efficiency and productivity of this industry, and to implement high standards of work • To establish and maintain high ethical standards of conduct between members of the Association, and between members and owners, architects, engineers, other contractors, and the public • To study and help in the development and enforcement of governmental codes and regulations, and such legislation as may be necessary for the best interest of the public and the sheet metal industry • To promote harmony in labour relations • To exchange technical, professional, and educational information with other contractor associations in the sheet metal industry and its allied trades in Canada and other countries • To affiliate as a Chapter with the Sheet Metal & Air-conditioning Contractors National Association, Inc.

BC Sheet Metal Association (SMACNA-BC) Executive Director: Bruce Sychuk 315-15225 104th Ave. Surrey, BC. V3R 6Y8 Phone: (604) 585-4641 • Fax: (604) 584-9304 E-mail: •


Lara Perraton


Jessica Kirby

CONTRIBUTORS Kevin Burns Garry Caudill Andrew Delmonico Norm Grusnick Matthew Potomak Aaron Smith

COVER PHOTO Courtesy of Aaron Smith


Christina Tranberg 877.755.2762


Lara Perraton 877.755.2762

PUBLISHED QUARTERLY BY Point One Media Inc. Sheet Metal Journal P.O. Box 11, Station A Nanaimo, BC V9R 5K4 Toll-free: 877.755.2762 While information contained in this publication has been compiled from sources deemed to be reliable, the publisher may not be held liable for omissions or errors. Contents ©2016 by Point One Media Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or duplicated without prior written permission from the publisher. Printed in Canada. Postage paid at Simcoe, ON.

Photo courtesy of BC LeaderBoard Corp.

Contents 12 SMACNA-BC 33rd Annual Golf Classic

Excellent company and a beautiful day made this annual event a resounding success once again.

14 Coated Duct Liners

 Top five reasons coated duct liners are critical to a welldesigned HVAC system.

16 Hamilton Transit Centre

 Smith Sheet Metal Works Ltd. met the challenge of an exciting project with a robust and diverse scope.

20 Long Lasting Benefits of Doing Good

 Apprentices learn more than their trade volunteering in their communities at Habitat for Humanity and other organizations.

Return postage guaranteed. Canada Post Canadian Publications Mail Sales Product Agreement #40719512. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Department Sheet Metal Journal P.O. Box 11, Station A Nanaimo, BC V9R 5K4 email:

Official Journal of Record for SMACNA - BC

Find Sheet Metal Journal on Twitter and Facebook



Editorial Comment


Technical Update


Industry News


Safety on the Job




It's the Law


Feature Focus


Advertiser Index


Engineer's Desk

Next issue: Construction Outlook • Tools & Technology • Architectural Sheet Metal • Fall 2016


EDITORIAL GET SOCIAL: IT'S GOOD FOR YOUR HEALTH Bruce made an excellent point in the SMACNA-BC update this issue about the importance of golf. I know you know how Bruce loves golf and how this might just sound like an excuse to hit the green, but he's actually quite right for many reasons. As a general principle, golf, like any sport, brings people together. Rifts, uncomfortable encounters, and social anxiety are swept away when people come together under the pretence of enjoying a common interest together. The focus is on the activity, the rules, and the physical challenge and not on individuals. When you extrapolate these concepts to an industry event – a business, networking, or company social event – you combine the common interest with a captive audience and a general sense of collective effort. You all know why you are there and that playing a round with a few post-golfing beverages makes it easier to connect later in the business sphere. In general, people attend industry events like conferences, dinner meetings and, yes, golf for a number of reasons. They are more likely to connect with people they wouldn't otherwise see. These events are an open forum to discuss industry issues and challenges on neutral territory—most even find it easier to run problems past their competitors for opinions or solutions, especially at conferences where people come from all over and competitors may have geographic separation. Guest speakers, keynote addresses, and educational programs all lend oneself to a state of higher learning and leave attendees with a sense of feeling refreshed. Even a comedic

by / Jessica Kirby, Editor

presenter can pull out some painfully funny truths about our working lives and leave us feel understood and like the small stuff maybe isn't that important. Most of all, industry events are a chance to unwind. Hardworking business owners almost never take time to relax and have some fun—they are managers, bosses, and employees all at once and their families get relatively minor glimpses of their loved ones when it is all work and no play. There is science behind the physical, emotional, and intellectual benefits of downtime and having fun, social time with friends, family, and colleagues. I believe the technical phrase is: you'll live longer, happier, more productive lives. So the moral of the story is, you work hard and everyone knows it. Be sure to take full advantage of the many opportunities SMACNA-BC offers by way of convention, dinner meetings, education, guest speakers, Christmas parties, and, yes, golf. In other words, whenever the invitation comes out, the answer should always be, “sign me up.” 

Submit your news or story idea CONTRACTORS AND SUPPLIERS SMJ is on the lookout for interesting HVAC, architectural sheet metal, testing & balancing, or industrial / specialty projects to feature in its 2016 issues. If you have a cool project and 15 minutes of time to spare, you are a sure fire fit for the most meaningful, free-of-charge business investment you'll make all year. We also need great historical pictures of people working in all aspects of the sheet metal industry. If you have some kicking around, take a picture of the photo with your cellphone and email it to our editor, Jessica Kirby, with a caption about what is going on in the photo. Questions about how else to get involved in a future issue of Sheet Metal Journal? Reach out to or 250.816.3671 and get the scoop. 4

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INDUSTRY NEWS CONTINUING EDUCATION AT THE SHEET METAL WORKERS' TRAINING CENTRE SOCIETY SMWTC is offering a full line-up of continuing education courses now until the beginning of spring. Lagging, AutoCAD, and Hoisting & Rigging started in October—the following will be available from November onwards. Be sure to contact SMWTC as soon as possible to secure your seat—space is limited: Stainless Steel Mondays & Wednesdays Nov. 21–Dec. 14 (8 sessions 5:00 a.m.-8:00 p.m.) Instructor: Jake LeBlanc Basic grinding & polishing of stainless steel. Basic forming techniques for stainless steel. Projects will include: layout, forming, welding, and finishing of an outside corner. This course is a requirement for Stainless Steel 2. Foreman Supervisory Tuesdays & Thursdays, Jan. – Feb., 2017 (5 sessions 5:00 p.m.–8:00 p.m.) Instructor: TBA This course will teach the required skills to manage resources, time, material, and workers.

committees and task forces doing whatever it takes to get the job done. “Just as SMACNA is dedicated to bringing young people into the association, Angie has established an exceptional mentoring program at her company where the interns are involved in a project from start to finish,” Gast emphasized. “Helping women develop into leadership roles is one of SMACNA’s initiatives and Angie stepped up to co-chair SMACNA’s Women in Construction Leadership Council, getting the fledgling group off to a solid start,” President Gast explained. Actively involved in SMACNA leadership for years, Simon’s credentials include participation in numerous SMACNA committees, task forces, and SMACNA events. She has been inducted into the prestigious College of Fellows, is a Summit Circle level contributor to the New Horizons Foundation, and is an ongoing contributor to SMACNA’s political action committee “In fact, she is the first woman to be honored as SMACNA’s Contractor of the Year,” Gast noted. “We are recognizing her today, not because she’s a woman, but because she is the right and most deserving person for this award.”

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Angela Simon, president of Western Allied Mechanical, Menlo Park, Calif., received the SMACNA Contractor of the Year award at the Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors’ National Association’s (SMACNA) 73rd Annual Convention. “This year’s contractor is a construction firm president and a mechanical contractor who is not satisfied sitting on the sidelines,” said 2016 SMACNA President Guy Gast. “She has taken a leadership role for years and willingly serves on

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INDUSTRY NEWS She was also the first woman to serve as president of the Bay Area SMACNA Chapter. She held all the officer roles and was a member of the chapter’s Board of Directors. She was a trustee of the Bay Area SMACNA Industry Promotion Fund and on the former San Mateo SMACNA chapter’s Board of Directors. She has been a member of ASHRAE since 1984.

One of the biggest gains comes in the ratio of BC high school graduates entering construction trades training programs within one year of graduation. When the BCCA first began calculating this number in 2013 it estimated that 1/93 students went from Grade 12 into trades training. In 2016 that number has improved by 35% to 1/69.

Simon joined Western Allied mechanical as a project manager in 1987. She graduated from California Polytechnic State University in 1986 with a degree in mechanical engineering and is a registered professional engineer in California. She and her husband Michael have two college-age sons, Alex and Ben.

“Our youth are getting the message that the trades can be a very rewarding and lucrative career path,” observes Manley McLachlan, BCCA President. “Even so, we would need 1/10 high school graduates to enter the trades in order to have enough skilled journey people for the jobs that are coming.”

SMACNA, an international trade association representing 3,500 contributing contractor firms, is a leader in promoting quality and excellence in the sheet metal and air conditioning industry. SMACNA has national offices in Chantilly, Va., outside of Washington, D.C., and on Capitol Hill. Visit www. 

SKILLED TRADES GAP SHRINKS AS MORE BC YOUTH ENTER TRADES The BC Construction Association (BCCA) is reporting better than expected results for BCs skilled workforce, in key figures released today for the province’s industrial, commercial, and institutional construction sector.

Earlier this year Buildforce Canada revised its estimate for BC’s skilled worker shortage to 15,000 by 2025, which is 51% lower than their 2013 estimate of 30,500. “It’s very important to understand that the main reason for the predicted skilled worker shortage is retirements,” cautions McLachlan. “If liquefied natural gas projects go ahead, the gap gets even bigger. Do not make the mistake of disregarding the worker shortage because of lack of progress on the LNG side. The workforce pressure is on regardless.” Two thirds of BCs construction workforce is over the age of 45. Construction is the largest employer in BCs Goods Sector, with a total workforce of 210,000 in 2016.

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At 8.2% of BC’s GDP and with an estimated $329 billion in proposed projects, trends in the construction workforce have a big impact on the provincial economy.  For more information on these and other important statistics visit www.bccassn. com/stats/

CAGBC’S HEALTHIER BUILDINGS IN CANADA REPORT SHOWS BUSINESS BENEFITS ARE DRIVING INVESTMENTS IN HEALTHIER BUILDINGS A Canada Green Building Council® (CaGBC) and Dodge Data & Analytics report titled "Healthier Buildings in Canada 2016: Transforming Building Design and Construction" is revealing new information about the factors influencing Canada’s building owners, architects, designers, contractors, and public health professionals in their decisions for adopting healthier building practices and features. Among its key findings, the report shows business benefits are driving investments in healthier buildings. Nearly half of the Canadian commercial building owners surveyed (46 per

cent) say they are able to lease space more quickly in buildings with healthy features, and of the owners that report they see a positive impact on the value of their buildings with healthier practices, over one third (38 per cent) see an increase of seven per cent or more. When asked to rank the top goals for having healthier buildings, owners surveyed ranked improved tenant/employee satisfaction with the building (79 per cent) and happier and healthier building occupants (66 per cent) as their top two choices, showing that occupant comfort is also growing in consideration for owners and operators in Canada. To measure uptake in the Canadian market, the study asked participants to list their most commonly-used sustainable products, materials, and design approaches. The top healthy building feature was improved indoor lighting conditions and daylighting, with 80 per cent of all respondents incorporating this feature. Rounding out the top three most popular features are products that enhance thermal comfort with 77 per cent, and enhanced indoor air quality with 75 per cent. Learn more at 

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SMACNA-BC UPDATE This morning I was finally convinced our wonderful summer season in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia is now behind us. The convincing factor was having to scrape the frost off my windshield. Then again there is the Captain Obvious factor: it’s late October in Canada. In this edition of the Sheet Metal Journal I would like to bring the readers up to speed on a few past and future SMACNA-BC programs and events. I will also touch on a couple new and exciting updates from our SMACNA mothership in Chantilly, Virginia.

ASHRAE-BC GOLF TOURNAMENT Okay this one isn’t a SMACNA-BC event; however, because of the organizational skills, hard work, and determination, you would be led to believe it was. I’m referring to the ASHRAEBC Golf Tournament at Swan-e-set. SMACNA-BC is very proud to be one of the many that participate, support, and sponsor this event and the ASHRAE-BC tournament committee deserves major accolades for putting together this fantastic industry event. Special kudos to Norm Grusnick (ECCO Supply) who unselfishly takes ownership of this event and he doesn’t quit until the job is done. Thanks for the great day, ASHRAE-BC and Norm!

by / Bruce Sychuk, Executive Director, SMACNA-BC

SMACNA WESTERN WASHINGTON GOLF TOURNAMENT Just want to take this opportunity to thank the SMACNA Western Washington Chapter for the invitation to participate in its annual golf outing. Kudos to the entire Western WA Golf Committee and especially Executive Vice-President Julie Muller-Neff, Esq., Heidi Coleman, and Carrie Heinrich for making the extra effort to ensure the Canadians were well looked after.

SMACNA COUNCIL OF CHAPTER REPRESENTATIVES MEETING – VANCOUVER, BC In early June, the SMACNA Council of Chapter Representatives meeting was held at the Pan Pacific Hotel downtown Vancouver. SMACNA Council of Chapter Representative meetings are attended by one Chapter Executive and one Chapter Contractor from all of the SMACNA Chapters. The meetings are held twice a year (June & December) in locations that span North America, so to be able to attend one of these meetings in your home town is truly an honour. On a personal note, it’s also one less plane one has to get on.

SMACNA-BC 33RD ANNUAL GOLF CLASSIC The Council meetings themselves are a wonderful tool for – NORTHVIEW GC, SURREY, BC SMACNA Chapters and members because they are able to discuss relevant issues that generate an exchange of valuable information from all parts of the US and Canada.

The Chapter Councillors and Executives also heard updates from SMACNA National staff and speakers on technical, legislative, labour, and safety issues. The information and experiences are invaluable when brought back and shared with the SMACNA members in the local Chapters. Fact: There are 102 SMACNA Chapters worldwide www.


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I know, it sounds like all we did was golf since the last issue; actually, that couldn’t be further from the truth. Participating in the various events with industry partners is invaluable. Where else are you able to have a five-hour experience with captive audience of clients, engineers, other contractors, and, of course, Associate Members / Suppliers—without their support it really couldn’t happen. There is an abundance of networking and knowledge gained along with something we don’t do as often as we should, which is just have some fun. This year's SMACNA-BC tournament was an absolutely fantastic experience. One hundred and forty-four players ventured out hitting that little white ball on manicured fairways and greens, (and lakes, fescue, parking lot, and 168th


Avenue) of Northview Golf Course, and with rain threatening, completed the round in a record five hours. After the round there was terrific food, beverages, and then the prizes. There were two real prizes: one was just having the opportunity to be there with all of the SMACNA-BC friends and Associates; the other was being able to come up with some cash for the selected charity. As in the past we asked upon the current SMACNA-BC President to select the recipient and this year, and President Al Benning of Ames Metal Fabricators 82 Ltd. selected Zajac Ranch for Children. Zajac Ranch for Children provides camps for children and young adults with chronic, life-threatening, and/or debilitating conditions. Through all of the efforts from our volunteers, we were able to write a cheque to Zajac for the sum of $3, 400. I would like to add that Jim Paquette, Business Manager / Secretary-Treasurer of Sheet Metal Workers Local Union No. 280, unselfishly donated an extra $500 out of his 50/50 draw winnings. Thanks to Jim and everyone else involved to help make this event a great experience.

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TENDER, CONTRACT, AND BUILDERS LIEN LAW PROGRAM September 21, SMACNA-BC hosted a Business Management Program titled “Tender, Contract, and Builders Lien Law,” presented by Tyler Galbraith of Jenkins Marzban Logan LLP. The legal rights and obligations of those involved in a construction project crystallize in the tendering phase and end well after the project is completed. During the construction process, those legal rights and obligations change and expand based on, for example, the contracts in place, the Builders Lien Act, and the bonds that have been issued. In order to ensure the project is built properly, on time, and on budget, it is important that all involved know and understand their legal rights and obligations. This course was designed to provide those involved in the construction industry with the legal foundation to navigate through the tender and construction phases of a project.

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Over 40 SMACNA-BC Contractors and / or staff, attended this program and not one of the attendees was disappointed in the down to earth, detailed information Mr. Galbraith shared. It is unfortunate we do have to host such a program, but apparently in business sometimes there are onerous contracts and being payed for work performed seems to lack timely efforts. SMACNA-BC Contractors are not accustomed to be used as a banking facility and require to be payed their draws in a timely fashion. It was suggested that if a Contractor does not pay in a timely fashion, maybe it’s time to not do work with said contractor(s). I can guarantee that if some SMACNA-BC Contractors didn’t understand the finer details of tendering and contract documents or when and how to file a lien before taking part in this program, they do now.

ATTENTION SMACNA-BC CONTRACTOR MEMBERS & SMACNA-BC INDUSTRY FUND CONTRIBUTORS. - UPCOMING SUPERVISORY TRAINING PROGRAM A Foreman’s Field Guide to Developing Your Workforce – Nic Bittle Wednesday, November 9, 2016, 8:00 am – 4:00 pm / Sheraton Vancouver Guildford Hotel What smart leaders are doing to develop their workforce When we can develop a group of individuals to perform like a team great things can happen. In A Foreman’s Field Guide to Developing Your Workforce, Nic will walk your foremen and supervisors through how to develop their team for longterm success. As natural mentors on the jobsite it is up to the foremen and supervisors to develop their crew to be the next leaders of the industry. The program covers proven conflict resolution techniques, communication skills, productivity enhancement, motivational tactics, time management ideas, and many more skills that a foreman needs to thrive today. The program is designed to help anyone who manages people; from the new foreman to the experienced veteran, all attendees will come away with tools that will make an immediate impact on job performance. About our presenter Nic Bittle is the founder of Work Force Pro and works with contractors that want to prepare and develop their workforce to lead with impact, act like a pro, and perform at their best on a daily basis. He does this in a variety of different ways. Through presentations and workshops, through tools that he has developed which are designed to support the learning process, and through a unique information delivery system called D.R.I.P. Information™. He is the architect of two performance improvement process curriculums that use the D.R.I.P. Information™ process specifically designed to


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prepare and develop our current and next generation work force for the roles and responsibilities that lie ahead. Nic is author of three books, Small Business, BIG Mistakes; Perform Like the Boss!, and Good Foreman, Bad Foreman. “When we can work together to develop our leaders to not only be more effective on the job but off the job as well… great things can happen!” - Nic Bittle, Work Force Pro

GRIPPLE INC. CONSTRUCTION DIVISION AND GRANT THORNTON LLP, NEW SMACNA-BC ASSOCIATE MEMBERS The SMACNA-BC Board is pleased to announce that Gripple Inc. Construction Division and Grant Thornton LLP, were recently approved for SMACNA-BC Associate Membership.

GRIPPLE INC. CONSTRUCTION DIVISION Contact: Marco Mazzalupi / Industrial Sales Manager | British Columbia, / 778-994-3615 / www. The Gripple product range is designed with simplicity in mind. By delivering out of the box solutions, the company vastly reduces labour and installation times. All of its products are delivered with the customer's choice of end fixing and cable length, in compact cardboard boxes. Gripple removes the need for on-site cutting, filing, or hot works, delivering enormous health and safety benefits to each project and simplifying the installation process.

GRANT THORNTON LLP Contact: Peter Veerman / 604.443.2196 / About Grant Thornton—the book is open. Accessible, independent, knowledgeable, and experienced, Grant Thornton is committed to being proactive in bringing clients timely information and advice, and partners are accessible to to clients. The company provides a team-based approach and dedication to partner or senior professional involvement and regular client contact—for every client, for every engagement. Grant Thornton—a leading Canadian accounting and business advisory firm, providing audit, tax and advisory services to private and public organizations. Gripple Inc. Construction Division and Grant Thornton LLP along with all SMACNA-BC Associate Members recognize the SMACNA-BC Associate Member Program is an important element for connecting company products, services, and people with the industry’s major specifiers, buyers, and decision-makers.

SMACNA-BC UPDATE NEW FROM SMACNA SMACNA’s technical library is now available as a subscription cloud-based service. As a SMACNA member or SMACNA chapter, your organization has received one free subscription to the full 37-title SMACNA technical library and all the CADD files in Architectural Sheet Metal Manual, 7th edition. Discount prices for SMACNA Members and Industry Contractors, Architects, Engineers, Educators, and Code Officials. For More info, go to the SMACNA home page at In Conclusion Hope you enjoyed my rant in this edition. Should any of the readers out there have any comments (good or bad), questions, or concerns please do not hesitate to contact me in the SMACNA-BC office a If you would like to make a submission to the Sheet Metal Journal, please contact Jessica Kirby, editor, at jkirby@pointonemedia. com. 

UPCOMING SMACNA-BC EVENTS Tuesday, November 8, 2016, Surrey, BC SMACNA-BC Board of Directors Meeting Wednesday, November 9, 2016, Surrey, BC Supervisory Training Program – Nic Bittle Sheraton Vancouver Guildford Hotel Friday, November 25, 2016, Vancouver, BC SMACNA-BC Annual Christmas Party, Pan Pacific Hotel Tuesday, November 29, 2016, Surrey, BC Sheet Metal Workers Local Union No. 280 / SMACNA-BC Joint Conference Board Meeting December 4-6, 2016, Amelia Island, FL Council of Chapter Representatives Meeting Tuesday, December 13, 2016, Surrey, BC SMACNA-BC Board of Directors Meeting Merry Christmas, Boxing Day and New Year Tuesday, January 10, 2017, Surrey, BC SMACNA-BC Board of Directors Meeting

British Columbia Sheet Metal Association (SMACNA-BC) Providing products and information related to the Sheet Metal Industry, including technical manuals and guidelines. The unmatched technical and managerial expertise of SMACNA-BC Contractors is enhanced by the talent and skills of the workforce they employ. SMACNA-BC Contractors employ only Red Seal Certified Sheet Metal Journeymen and Registered Apprentices. CONTRACTOR MEMBERS 101 Industries Ltd. Admiral Roofing Ltd. Agvale Industries Ltd. Airtek Pneumatics Ltd. All Valley Metals Ltd. Alliance Metal Fabricators Ltd. Allied Blower & Sheet Metal Ltd. Ames Metal Fabricators 82 Ltd. Apollo Sheet Metal Ltd. Austin Metal Fabricators L.P. Boston Sheet Metal Ltd. Bry-Mac Mechanical Ltd. CC Industries Ltd. Cascade Metal Design Ltd. Century Plumbing & Heating Ltd. City Sheet Metal Ltd. Crosstown Metal Industries Ltd. Downtown Custom Metal Works Ltd. Duncan’s Ltd. ECCO Supply Equity Plumbing & Heating Ltd.

Haakon Industries Canada Ltd. Harbourview Sheet Metal Ltd. Horizon Cladding Ltd. Horizon Metal Systems Inc. KD Engineering Co. Keith Plumbing & Heating Co. Ltd. M&T Air Conditioning Ltd. Northwest Sheet Metal Ltd. Pacific Rim Industrial Insulation Ltd. Paramount Sheet Metal Ltd. Piedmont Sheet Metal (1997) Ltd. Quest Metal Works Ltd. R.H. Jones & Son Mechanical Ltd. Ridge Sheet Metal C.P. Smith Sheet Metal Works Ltd. Spectrum Sheet Metal Ltd. Summit Sheet Metal Ltd. Tri-Metal Fabricators Viaduct Sheet Metal Ltd. Western Mechanical Services (1977) Ltd. York Sheet Metal Ltd.

ASSOCIATE MEMBERS Access Metal Products Ltd. Air System Supplies All Therm Services Inc. Bailey West Processing Inc. Brock White Construction Materials Control Solutions Ltd. Crossroads C&I Distributors DDK Ventilation Products Ltd. E.H. Price Sales Ltd. EMCO (HVAC Division) Engineered Air Envirotech Air Inc. ETP Energy Technology Products Ltd. (a div. of IPC, Inc.) Frost Insulation Supplies Inc.

Grant Thornton LLP Gripple, Inc. Hilti Canada Intercon Insurance Services Ltd. Manson Insulation Maxam Metal Products Modern Tool (BC) Ltd. Nu-West Construction Products Pacaire HVAC Supplies Ltd. Progressive Air Products Ltd. Raven Hydronic Supply Ltd. Samuel, Son & Co., Ltd. Winroc-SPI Wm. P. Somerville 1996 Ltd.

BC Sheet Metal Association (SMACNA-BC) Executive Director: Bruce Sychuk 315-15225 104th Ave. Surrey, BC V3R 6Y8 Phone: (604) 585-4641 Fax: (604) 584-9304 E-mail: • Fall 2016


SMACNA-BC’s 33rd ANNUAL GOLF CLASSIC Photos courtesy of BC LeaderBoard Corp.


fabulous day for the industry to get together; the weather was dry, and all had a great time! Thank you to all the Sponsors who helped make this a memorable event and raise funds for a worthy cause: Zajac Ranch for Children. Check out photos from the event on the following pages and here

Thank you to: ACME (Fans) ACME (Gas Sensors) Air System Supplies All Therm Services Inc Allied Blower & Sheet Metal Ltd Ames Metal Fabricators 82 Ltd Apollo Sheet Metal Ltd Austin Metal Fabricators LP Bycar Engineering Ltd. Camfil APC – Farr Gold Series Channel Fabricators Ltd Crossroads C & I Crosstown Metal Industries Ltd Davidson Brothers Mechanical Contractors Ltd DDK Ventilation Products Ltd Division 15 Mechanical ECCO Heating Products Ltd ECCO Supply EMCO (HVAC) Engineered Air Envirotech Air Inc Frost Insulation Supplies Inc Intercon Insurance / Intact Investor’s Group KD Engineering Co Keith Panel Systems Co Ltd


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Keith Plumbing & Heating Co Ltd King’s Links by the Sea Manson Insulation Maxam Metal Products Ltd MCABC Metropolitan Air Technology National Hydronics Ltd Northview Golf & Country Club Northwest Sheet Metal Ltd Pacaire HVAC Supplies Ltd Paradigm Engineering Inc Paramount Sheet Metal Ltd Progressive Air Products Ltd Ridge Sheet Metal Co RUPP Air SMACNA-BC SMACNA W. Washington Inc Smith Sheet Metal Works Ltd SMWIA Local 276 SMWIA Local 280 Spectrum Sheet Metal Ltd Summit Sheet Metal Ltd Tri-Metal Fabricators Viaduct Sheet Metal Ltd Vibra-Sonic Control Wm. P. Somerville 1996 Ltd

Through many efforts over $3,400 was raised for Zajac Ranch for Children. Thank you to all who generously supported this worthy cause. Skill & Raffle Prize Winners • Texas Scramble: Al Benning, Ron Jassman, Ernest Fink, Peter Keller Ames Metal Fabricators 82 Ltd. • Men's Low Gross: Ken Hagen, guest of Tri-Metal Fabricators • Ladies' Low Gross: Debbie Halvorsen, Viaduct Sheet Metal Ltd. • Men's Low Net: Kris Ball, Viaduct Sheet Metal Ltd. • Ladies Low Net: Sandra Arnold, guest of Viaduct Sheet Metal Ltd.

50 / 50: Jim Paquette, SMWIA Local 280

KP / Honey Pot Winners: • Sean Dascho, Envirotech Air Inc. • Len Mueller, guest of Viaduct Sheet Metal Ltd. • Bob Lowe, Summit Sheet Metal Ltd. • George Daschko, Envirotech Air Inc.

Thanks to everyone for a great day and for supporting such an important cause.

Ridge Sheet Metal - Beat the Pro Raffle: Alan Rhodes, Ridge Sheet Metal Co. SMACNA W. Washington, Inc. - Air Cannon Long Drive: Don Springford, Crosstown Metal Industries Ltd. • Fall 2016


Coated Duct Liners

Top Five Reasons Coated Duct Liners are Critical to a Welldesigned HVAC System

By / Garry Caudill, Product Management, Johns Manville Image courtesy of Johns Manville


oated fiber glass duct liners aren’t a new concept in the HVAC industry; however, we have seen a recent trend toward replacing specified coated duct liners with uncoated fiber glass mat-faced duct liners. This trend operates on the assumption that a matfaced duct liner and a coated duct liner are equivalent and interchangeable.

Johns Manville produces fiber glass duct liner with a durable, factory-applied coating on a glass-mat-faced airstream surface, as well as a duct liner with an uncoated glass-mat surface airstream, and is therefore uniquely positioned to compare the two products side-by-side. Coated and uncoated duct liners each have features that make them uniquely appropriate for differing applications. While uncoated duct liners are a more economical solution that is appropriate for many applications, they do not offer the same, robust benefits that a coated duct liner does. For example, our coated duct liners are all coated with a proprietary, acrylic coating with an EPA- registered antimicrobial agent that helps protect the coating from damage due to mold or fungi. Despite the differences between the two products, many mistakenly believe that they can be used interchangeably. This is a risky misunderstanding that can leave an insulation system vulnerable to a number of hazards. Coated duct liners offer a host of features that can


Sheet Metal Journal

preemptively address these hazards, making them better suited to more demanding applications. 1. Durability: Most duct liners (coated and uncoated) have a glass-mat airstream surface to help provide a tougher, more resilient product. While the durable mat-facing on the airstream surface does offer some level of protection against damage, the addition of a tough, acrylic coating over the mat- facing provides superior protection during duct fabrication, storage, transportation to the job site, installation, and throughout the operating lifetime of the HVAC duct system. Additionally, because the coating makes the duct liner more resilient, it can be cleaned more easily and effectively using industryrecognized cleaning methods (See North American Insulation Manufacturers Association's (NAIMA) “Cleaning Fibrous Glass Insulated Air Duct Systems” for industry standard cleaning methods). 2. Moisture Resistance: Acrylic coating creates a water-resistant airstream surface that is an important element

to an insulated duct system. While a properly installed and filtered system will reduce the risk of moisture ingress, there is still a likelihood that it could occur. When water enters the system, it can cause significant damage to a duct system, ranging from mold-growth to insulation damage. The coating helps keep the moisture on the surface of the insulation so that it can evaporate before it infiltrates into the core of the fiber glass. 3. Antimicrobial Product Protection: While fiber glass itself is inorganic and as such will not support moldgrowth, when dust or dirt enters the system it can introduce foreign microbes into the ducts. If these foreign contaminants are coupled with moisture, mold or fungi growth may occur on any surface, even inorganic surfaces like fiber glass or bare sheet metal. The first step in reducing the risk of microbial growth is to ensure that the system has been properly designed and installed, with effective filtration, maintenance, and operation; however, coupling this with a smooth surface and protective coating helps reduce the likelihood that dirt, pollen, and other foreign microbes and particles will become trapped on the air-stream surface of the duct. The EPA registered anti-microbial agent in JM's acrylic coating also helps prevent mold spores and dirt from penetrating into the fiber glass mat and core, helping to ensure that the fiber glass isn’t compromised in places that are difficult and sometimes impossible to clean. 4. Improved Airflow: When a glass-mat surface is coated, it creates a smooth airstream surface that optimizes airflow and reduces friction. This, in turn, ensures that the system is operating as efficiently as possible, and it reduces noise caused by friction between the surface of the liner and the air passing

Fiber glass duct liners remain the most economical way to control noise and temperature in a duct system. through the duct. Additionally, the coating provides extra protection to keep any loose fibers from entering the airstream. 5. Specification Compliance: When the specification contains language that expressly indicates the application should use a coated duct liner, an uncoated duct liner should not be considered as an equal to or alternative option. The engineer who designed the system may have specified coated duct liners in order to meet code standards or to ensure safety or system optimization. Fiber glass duct liners remain the most economical way to control noise and temperature in a duct system; however,

the surface coating is an important feature in a lined duct system. Coatings can help prevent costly repair or replacement that could be required if the duct system becomes damaged by microbial growth. While cost, quality, and performance are critical to selecting and specifying HVAC duct liner insulation, it is crucial to consider whether the savings from using an uncoated duct liner outweigh the benefits that a coated duct liner provides.  This article was originally published in Johns Mansville's blog: JM produces Linacoustic® RC, Linacoustic RC-HP, and Spiracoustic Plus® coated duct liners, which are coated with JM's proprietary Permacote® acrylic coating. For more information, please visit

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CONTACT CROSSROADS C&I - 800 663 6595 GREENGUARD® certification is not intended for residential environments. Instead, the certification is intended only for buildings meeting ASHRAE 62.1-2007 commercial building ventilation rates. This certification is proof that the product meets the GREENGUARD Environmental Institute’s indoor air quality standards and product emission standards for VOCs. • Fall 2016


Hamilton Transit Centre

23991 River Rd, New Westminster Word and photos by Aaron Smith Smith Sheet Metal Works Ltd.


Sheet Metal Journal


amilton Transit Centre's new facility will perform three functions: bus dispatch, bus service (fuel and wash), and bus maintenance. Buses and bus operators servicing the Richmond, New Westminster, Burnaby, and Vancouver areas will begin and complete service from this location.

This 7.3 hectare site will support the operations and maintenance of a fleet of 300 40-foot equivalent buses, including up to 80 Community Shuttle buses and 150 compressed natural gas fuelled buses. Sixty-foot buses will also be accommodated at the centre. HTC features a maintenance building, service delivery building, waste water treatment building, bus washing building, and fuelling building. This project stepped Smith Sheet Metal Works Ltd. up into a new level of project size and scope. We were happily partnered up with Dual Mechanical, Aarc West Insulation, and Stasis Balancing. It was supposed to be built one building at a time, but that quickly changed to a fast track of all buildings at the same

It was supposed to be built one building at a time, but that quickly changed to a fast track of all buildings at the same time. time. Fortunately, we were able to put multiple crews on each building and with the skill of our site foreman Mike Stark we were able to accommodate the new compressed schedule. These buildings focused heavily on exhaust systems. We had a wide range of exhaust types along with the matching make up air systems. The extensive list includes stainless steel exhaust canopy over massive parts washing bay, stainless steel bus • Fall 2016



Hamilton Transit Centre

exhaust canopies that the buses would drive under for general exhaust, and multiple 50-foot-long fuel bay stainless exhaust canopies. The company was also responsible for bus wash exhaust systems, a huge bus spray booth exhaust and make up air system, and dust collection systems. Nedermen retractable welding exhaust arms connect to a vacuum and filter system, removing the contaminants from the extracted air so that it can be returned to the atmosphere without negative effects. The sytem also includes a Nedermen hose reels c/w automatic fan operation. A lot of these systems were connected to very large exhaust ducts, which are normally not a big deal, but due to the size of the buses that happen to be lifted into the air, all of the ducting had to be fitted into the exposed roof trusses. This caused a need for an extensive amount of site co-ordination between trades that normally like to run their own pipes in that space as well. Many of these systems required exposed stainless steel ducting; fortunately, we have a lot of experience in this area, and after several months of non-stop tig welding we were able to deliver a very nice product for the customer.


Sheet Metal Journal

One of the large components of the ducting systems were the spiral pipes. We had miles of it to install, and due to the exposed locations and customer profile we decided to partner up with ECCO Supply and install a large amount of matching spiral elbows which really made the systems look terrific. In addition to this we took care of all of the office air conditioning ducts, lunch facility, gym systems, general exhaust, and stainless steel boiler venting. Overall this was a project that Smith Sheet Metal tackled with confidence and successfully delivered on time. Visit www. for more information. 

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By Karri Neves


today’s job market, workers need every advantage they can get to stay ahead of the competition. In Albuquerque N.M., they’ve found a way for sheet metal apprentices to gain that advantage, while simultaneously giving back to the community.

How? The JATC for SMART Local 49 has partnered with the Greater Albuquerque Habitat for Humanity. “Working with Habitat provides our apprentices phenomenal experience,” explains John Pennebaker, full-time instructor with Local 49. “Approximately 86 apprentices worked on the first three houses combined,” says Jerry Arms, co-ordinator at the New Mexico and West Texas training center. “The experience in real-world problem solving has allowed them to gain experience not otherwise found at the training center.” Industry contributions in the project included $700 in materials. Learning to plan ahead benefits extend beyond experience, however. Building in the real world also saves materials that would otherwise have been discarded. “Our students traditionally build small-scale in the classroom,” says Pennebaker. Often, once graded, the smallscale projects were dismantled, with materials discarded. The Habitat partnership enables apprentices to build – full size – and install the finished project in a home. No significant discards.


Sheet Metal Journal

"A person should not just have a job; he or she should be a person of value to the community."

“It teaches them value. It forces them to plan ahead and think through the entire job,” Arms says. “It also gets them into the residential market, which is important because few of the guys have previously been exposed to it. Most are more aware of the commercial market.” Aside from enhancing his students’ education, Pennebaker believes it is important to make contributions to the community. “A person should not just have a job; he or she should be a person of value to the community. Part of achieving that is volunteer work,” he says. Apprenticeship is a serious undertaking, but this slice of the curriculum in Albuquerque brought smiles to the students, Arms notes. “It’s been a really good experience. All the apprentices seemed like they really enjoyed it. A few have volunteered with Habitat for Humanity on their own time as a result.” Pennebaker contends that the effort benefits more than just Habitat for Humanity and the students—it does good things for the industry in general: “Contributing to the community through our partnership with Habitat for Humanity gives union a better light in which to shine.”

MEETING THE LABOUR NEEDS OF OUR INDUSTRY BY DELIVERING QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL SHEET METAL WORKERS TRAINING C E N T R E S O C I E T Y The Sheet Metal Workers Training Centre Society’s mission is to provide the highest quality of training and upgrading to sheet metal apprentices and journeypersons in the Province of British Coumbia by delivering the highest standards of instruction and utilizing the most up-to-date teaching methods. For more information Tel 604.882.7680 Fax 778.298.0656 or Email Check us out on the web at 19077 - 95A Ave. Surrey, BC CANADA V4N 4P3

SMWIA Local Union No. 280 / SMACNA-BC Partnership

On the Habitat end, there are smiles, too, according to Judy Lucero, executive director for the Greater Albuquerque Habitat for Humanity. “The bulk of our volunteers are not skilled,” she says. “To have a group like this, it’s definitely a win-win for all of us. We would really be handicapped without it.” “What’s more,” she adds, “with apprentices at work the job goes so much faster. Typically, it takes 12 weeks to build a 1,100-square-foot home from start to finish. When we have groups like this involved, it cuts our build time by a couple weeks, saving money and keeping our program going forward.” “As an added bonus,” Lucero remarks, “it really is a training, on-site classroom for apprentices.” 

Left: Jud Martell Local Union No 280 President. Right: Mark McLaren, Ridge Sheet Metal Co., SMACNA-BC Immediate Past-President. Photo by Bob Pascuzzi (SMWTC).

Reprinted with permission from Partners in Progress magazine.

Labour & Management “Embracing the Challenge” - B. Flaherty, Cornell University, Syracuse, N.Y. • Fall 2016


FEATURE FOCUS HYDE-STONE MECHANICAL STREAMLINES BIDDING PROCESS WITH FASTEST ESTIMATING SOFTWARE As we move forward into the 21st century, technology is helping to improve all facets of the mechanical construction process from start to finish. This includes the estimating method, which can be the most critical step for a mechanical contractor, as the basis for procuring work. Mechanical estimating software is becoming more and more prevalent as a more efficient and accurate means of estimating all types and sizes of projects. For over 15 years, Hyde-Stone Mechanical Contractors in upstate New York has used FastPIPE® and FastDUCT® for their estimating needs. And as Chris Stone, vice-president at Hyde-Stone, will attest, it’s become an integral part of the company’s operations. “We use the systems for nearly every project,” he says. “The programs help us estimate more projects with less effort.” The benefits of using the FastEST family of estimating programs are numerous. FastEST customers are frequently proclaiming how easy-to-use the programs are, and Stone wholeheartedly agrees. “The systems are a great fit for us, because frankly, not all of our project managers and estimators were computer-savvy,” he says. “The systems are very user-friendly.”

Sheet metal workers installing some 76” stainless steel supply duct, at the Kraft-Heinz Plant Expansion in Lowville, NY, one of Hyde-Stone’s currently ongoing projects. Photo by Chris Stone.

Not only is the software easy to learn and easy to use, but FastEST is renowned for its reliable and friendly customer support—online training is included with purchase or lease of the estimating software. Takeoffs within FastPIPE® and FastDUCT® have their benefits both within and even outside the company’s doors. “The net effect of using this software was more organized and detailed takeoffs,” Stone continued. “And the supply houses love the material takeoff reports, as it makes their jobs easier.” When an estimate is complete, a full, quantified material report can be calculated in seconds, which can then be exported and sent along to local vendors for pricing. As mentioned before, Hyde-Stone estimates basically all of its projects with FastPIPE® and FastDUCT®. Hyde-Stone Mechanical is a full mechanical service and sheet metal contractor. It has been in business since 1893, and currently employs over 94 people across three different office locations. The company estimates and installs all types of scopes, including commercial, industrial, institutional, and designbuild projects. 

Are you reading a borrowed copy of Sheet Metal Journal? Get your own or read current and archived issues online at:


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ENGINEER'S DESK LOUVER SELECTION AND PROPER APPLICATION With the wide selection available today, choosing the proper louver for your application may appear to be a difficult task. By considering the requirements of the application and understanding what models are available, louver selection can be relatively straightforward. In this article we will examine the factors that affect louver selection and some of the more common louver styles available. Selection generally starts with a desired airflow. Practically any louver style will handle any amount of airflow if it is large enough. However, system designers usually have to deal with size constraints. The task then becomes finding a louver that will handle the desired volume while providing adequate rain resistance and airflow characteristics. Here are some considerations: Rain Resistance: Rain penetration through louvers is undesirable. When louvers are close to water-sensitive surfaces, rain can be extremely harmful. If rain penetration can be managed or it is not harmful, a standard louver may be suitable. If the application cannot accept rain penetration, wind-driven rain resistant louvers should be selected. Pressure Drop: How much pressure drop is acceptable? This may be the deciding factor in louver selection. Most standard louvers are designed to give good air performance within their intended airflow ranges. It is good to remember that published Air Movement and Control Association (AMCA)certified pressure drop performance figures do not include the effects of a bird or insect screen. This can add from 10 to 15 per cent additional pressure drop depending on the screen type. Airflow Shutoff: For applications that require airflow only at certain times, operable or combination louvers that completely close the opening are available. These are good choices for emergency-generator or warehouse applications. Appearance: Is a particular louver design or appearance desired? Does the louver need to blend in with or match other building elements? For architectural louver applications, appearance sometimes is the most important feature. The appearance of louvers can be changed to suite almost any application. Other considerations in selection are security, sound, and structural integrity. Now that we outlined some of the considerations for louver selection, let us review some common louver styles. Standard Louvers are the standard horizontal blade models that have been available for many years. Typically they are 4 to 6 inches deep and are tested to AMCA Still Air standard. These basic louvers provide good free area; however, in our

by / Norm Grusnick, P. Eng. commercial products manager, ECCO Supply

climate they are less effective at rain protection. The blades do not collect water; therefore, rainwater cascades from blade to blade. In our climate louver blades of drainable-blade louvers feature small gutter in their profiles that collect water and drain them to downspouts in the jamb frames (Figure 1). They have better rain resistance than non-drainable but are not effective in storm conditions. Sight-proof louvers most often utilize a chevron or inverted “Y” shaped blade to prevent see through. This prevents passage of objects through the louver wall. Free area is smaller and pressure drop is usually worse requiring larger louver area for the same airflow. Thinline louvers are 1 to 2.5 inches deep. They generally air used for curtain wall applications and are a very good choice for small openings.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Wind-driven rain resistant louvers have been developed over the past decade and utilize new technology to minimize rain penetration. The louver depths range from 4 to 8 inches. The blades may be horizontal or vertical and generally feature complex profiles. Blade spacing is closer and unlike standard louvres these are tested in AMCA’s Wind-Driven Rain Penetration test, which simulates severe storm conditions. Many models can provide water penetration efficiency of 99 per cent. These louvers can be as much as two or three times the cost of standard louvers, but in many cases can be half the size. (Figure 2) Continued on page 27 • Fall 2016


TECHNICAL UPDATE HVAC BID SPECIFICATION MANUAL Designed to help contractors interested in preparing accurate and competitive bids while guiding owners and designers in the preparation of a complete bid package, the 2016 HVAC Bid Specifications Reference Manual is organized around the 2016 revisions to the Construction Specification Institute's MasterFormattm. The book consists of 19 sections and is divided into two parts. Part One covers administrative requirements associated with bidding and contracting for the installation of HVAC systems for commercial and institutional facilities. Part Two covers the technical requirements associated with specifying materials and equipment for HVAC systems—the basis for HVAC system procurement and installation. Publication specifics: 1787 pages, 2nd edition, 2016. Visit for details. SMACNA’s HVAC Systems: Understanding the Basics— Updated 2016 SMACNA’s new manual HVAC Systems: Understanding the Basics, 2nd edition, 2016, is a non technical overview of HVAC systems used in residential, commercial, and institutional buildings. It covers system operation and components and presents helpful diagrams and figures illustrating the systems. Topics in the new manual include:

• HVAC system basics • Central heating and central cooling equipment • Hydronic and air distribution systems • Central HVAC systems • HVAC system controls and the components that comprise these systems The 2016 update covers: • Humidifiers • Mini-split systems • Geothermal systems • Hydronic radiant cooling • Other new technology and equipment This unique resource is perfect for self-study, group training, or reference. Review questions at the end of each chapter make the guide more helpful as a learning tool and test the user’s understanding of the concepts discussed in each chapter. Members may download SMACNA’s HVAC Systems: Understanding the Basics free of charge. The discounted price of $95 is available to architectural and engineering firms and their employees (provided they are not in the contracting business, as well); educational institutions, government agencies, government departments, and code officials. NonSMACNA members and non-discounted purchasers pay list price: $145. Visit for details. New Residential / Light Commercial Management Program Available The Residential Retrofit and Service Operations Management Program contains the latest information and methodologies to start up and run a profitable and successful residential and light commercial HVAC service and replacement department.

Business Manager & F.S.T.

James Paquette

Assistant Business Manager

Dan Burroughs

Business Representative

Richard Mangelsdorf

Business Representative

Ken Elworthy

6188 Kingsway, Burnaby, BC V5J 1H5 Phone 604-430-3388 or 1-800-242-8645 Fax: 604-431-1864 Email: 24

Sheet Metal Journal

Prepared under the direction of the Residential Contractors Council Steering Committee, this manual begins with an indepth look at the financial considerations involved in this special type of work and moves into areas such as sales and operations, marketing methods, and personnel requirements. The appendices include a wealth of sample job descriptions for typical residential/light commercial personnel and very interesting “blog style” case studies offering valuable firsthand contractor advice. This document is available free to members through the SMACNA online Store. For further information on this document, contact SMACNA's director of market sectors and safety, Mike McCullion at 703.995.4027 or mmccullion@ 



There are requirements to cover in safety meetings. They require a balanced approach. Engagement and safety have to work together.

No one has ever complained that the safety meeting was too short. In fact, cheers go up when the safety meeting somehow magically ends early. Safety meetings are the only legally required meetings of an organization besides the shareholders’ Annual General Meetings. But nowhere in the OH&S Act does it require safety meetings to be dull, dry, boring, or long. This article addresses longer format meetings like safety days, stand-downs, or any other multi-hour safety event. Safety meetings can either be effective or confusing. Yes, there are requirements to cover in the safety meeting but it has to be a balanced approach. Engagement and safety have to work together. Here are three ways that you can shorten the length of the safety meeting and still be more effective at engaging your people: Think quality over quantity. Stop thinking in blocks of time and start thinking in blocks of workable information. Safety meetings utilizing several presenters can potentially address a multitude of topics. Senior managers may want to discuss new projects. Outside experts might be brought in to address working in heat. Whomever is presenting will want to know how much time they have to present and, “what time do I start?” This presents the first problem. A presenter scheduled to start at 10 a.m. may only show up at 9:50 a.m. That means the earlier presenters will have to fill the two previous hours until the presenter arrives. The second problem occurs when you force presenters to fill their time slot. Do you really need to set aside 45 minutes to address ladder safety? Give a presenter a block of time and they will fill it. Even if they only have 15 minutes of solid information, the rest will be padding and filler. Every off-topic thought in a presentation competes against the important subject matter. Attendees are left to discern what was important from what was padding and filler. Oh, and if your presenter doesn’t want to attend the whole safety meeting awaiting their turn, do you really want them at your meeting? Identify the one thing you want to happen. If you are going to have a meeting, it needs to be focused on accomplishing one or two things only. Every speaker, presentation, and PowerPoint slide should support the purpose of the meeting. Attendees should come away with a clear understanding of what you want them to do with the information you gave them in this meeting. It should address the issue or issues that they

by / Kevin Burns

are either facing or about to face in their day-to-day work. That means you as the safety meeting organizer, have to work backwards. Determine what one or two things you want to have happen as a result of this meeting. What do you want your employees to do better or differently? Identify the one or two takeaways from the meeting and then ensure that every presentation speaks to those one or two issues only. The more ideas you introduce, the more you confuse the attendees. If the safety meeting isn’t clear on its intentions, how can you expect your people to be clear about what they’re supposed to do? Answer four questions. Every safety meeting attendee wants to know the answers to four questions. Answer these questions during your meeting planning. Help your meetings to become Continued on page 27


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In many cases, Owners are better placed than their contractors to understand the specific site conditions present at a job site. However, this is not always the case. In the recent decision of Lottis v. Stansal, the BC Provincial Court clarified the extent of a contractor’s duty to inform a homeowner or general contractor of unsuitable site conditions.

By Andrew Delmonico and Matthew Potomak

The Facts

In this case, the homeowners (the “Owners”) hired a contractor (the “Contractor”) to supply and install hardwood flooring in their new house (the “Work”), which was still under construction. After the Contractor began the Work, he became concerned that the house was not controlled for temperature or ambient moisture, which could negatively affect the installation of the hardwood flooring. The Contractor was also concerned because other tradespeople were still working in the house when the installation was to take place, creating the potential for dust, debris, and additional foot traffic that could damage the floor’s finish. Notwithstanding his concerns, the Contractor never suggested to the Owners that the Work be deferred until adequate climate controls were in place, or that other tradespersons be excluded from the project until the flooring was finished. Ultimately, the installation of the hardwood floors turned out to be deficient. Chattering, a wave-like deformation, was evident in large areas of the flooring. There was also debris and hairs found embedded in the hardwood’s finishing. The Owners were required to hire another contractor to remedy these flooring defects. When the Contractor refused to reimburse the Owners for their additional expenses, they sued him for $25,000, the maximum amount allowed in Provincial court.


Don't stay in the dark. Get noticed by advertising in Sheet Metal Journal. Call Christina at 877.755.2762 or email 26

Sheet Metal Journal

The Contractor defended the Owner’s claim on the basis that improper site conditions caused (or contributed to) the deficiencies, rather than his poor workmanship.

The Decision

The court ruled in favour of the Owners, awarding their damages in the full amount of $25,000. In its decision, the court recognized that certain terms are implied into construction contracts that make a homeowner responsible for providing adequate site conditions to a contractor; for instance, the general requirement that homeowners provide exclusive and uninterrupted site access necessary for contractors to carry out their work unimpeded. However, the court also clarified that the responsibility for unsatisfactory site conditions does not lie entirely with a homeowner. Where, as in this case, a contractor elects to proceed with work under unsatisfactory site conditions and fails to bring these circumstances to the attention of the owner or general contractor, the cost of correcting deficiencies relating to those circumstances should be borne by the contractor.

Lessons Learned

Be diligent in assessing site conditions before starting your work. If you discover that the site conditions are unsatisfactory, immediately inform the homeowner or general contractor of this fact in writing. Consider adding a clause in your construction contract placing responsibility on the homeowner for additional costs arising due to unsatisfactory site conditions.  This article was written by Andrew Delmonico a lawyer, and Matthew Potomak, a summer student, who practice in construction law with the law firm of Kuhn LLP. This article is only intended as a guide and cannot cover every situation. It is important to get legal advice for specific situations. If you have any questions or comments about this case or other construction law matters, please contact us at 604-864-8877.


Continued from page 23 Acoustical louvers feature blades filled with sounddeadening material, typically mineral wool or fibreglass. They are usually fairly deep, as much as 12 inches. The free area is usually less than standard louvers; these models can provide as much as 10-12db noise reduction in free field conditions. The louver styles described in this article make up the majority of louvers available, but there are other specialized louver products available. Even though there are many louver products to choose from, selection can be easier with a clear understanding of the design needs. You local louver representative can be of great assistance. 


They will engage better if they know the answers to these four questions. And, your presenters need these four questions answered before they prepare for their presentations. There’s no law against reducing the amount of time presenters get at safety meetings. There are no minimums that you are required to fill. Shorten up the presentations to 10-15 minutes each. Identify the one or two things you want to have happen. And tell your people why they’re there, what they will learn and what you want them to do with the information. Your safety meetings will be laser-like and far more effective.  Kevin Burns gives engaging, entertaining and inspiring speeches to front-line employees at safety meetings. He also works with supervisors and safety managers on-site or in keynote presentations at conferences. Kevin helps organizations integrate caring for and valuing employees through their safety programs. Kevin Burns is a management consultant, safety speaker and author of 9 books.He is based in Calgary, Canada.

Continued from page 25

much more effective and laser-focused. Here are the four questions you need to answer:

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1. What is the purpose of this meeting? What is the theme, the point of having this meeting? 2. What is it that we are about to learn? Give attendees some sense of the subject matter that is about to come at them. 3.  Why is it important? Inform meeting attendees why you have chosen this theme at this time and why it is important information at this time. 4. What do you want us to do with the information? This is the takeaway point. Explain what you expect your people to be able to take away from the meeting and explain how you want them to apply it.


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