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NOUNS

Nouns ( naming words) A noun helps to identify people, places, groups and objects.

Common and Proper nouns are discussed in this booklet!

There are four different kinds of nouns. 1. Common nouns 2. Proper nouns 3. Collective nouns 4. Abstract nouns

LEARN TO REMEMBER!

1.

Common nouns

Common nouns are the names of general objects car

I have a car.

dog

The dog barks.

ball

Peter kicks the ball.

hill

We climb the hill.

milk

They drink their milk.

girl / school

The girl goes to school.

apples / trees

Apples grow on trees.

man / flowers / garden

The man plants flowers in his garden.

granny / cake / kitchen

Granny bakes a cake in the kitchen.

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NOUNS

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

Exercise 1.1 Underline the common nouns 1. Dad has a new car. 2. The pony runs on the farm. 3. Baby drinks her bottle. 4. Granny bakes a cake. 5. We run in the park. 6. The girls play netball. 7. The boy kicks a ball. 8. Games are fun. 9. Mom writes a letter. 10. The spider spins its web in the garden.

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NOUNS

Exercise 1.2 Make a list of three objects belonging to each group 1. Fruit

__________

__________

__________

2. Vegetables

__________

__________

__________

3. furniture

__________

__________

__________

4. Clothes

__________

__________

__________

5. Sports

__________

__________

__________

6. Pets

__________

__________

__________

7. Wild animals

__________

__________

__________

8. Birds

__________

__________

__________

9. Vehicles

__________

__________

__________

10. Toys

__________

__________

__________

YOUR MARK:

The words you have written are all Common nouns!

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NOUNS .

Exercise 1.3 Underline the common nouns 1. My uncle lives in a castle on an estate. 2. An owl eats chicks and mice. 3. There are many interesting animals and birds in the forest. 4. I want six apples and a loaf of bread please. 5. Sam and Sue bought a present for mother on her birthday. 6. The pilot is used to flying helicopters and aeroplanes. 7. Our friends are going to the mountains for their holiday. 8. My neighbour has several large trees in his garden. 9. The wicket witch turned the handsome prince in a frog. 10. The police are hot on the track of the criminals.

YOUR MARK:

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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE LEARN TO REMEMBER!

Continuous tense Remember the subject and the object change places!

Active voice:

The girl is eating an apple.

Passive voice:

An apple is being eaten by the girl.

Look at the following examples:

Active

Passive Present continuous tense:

Mom is buying books.

Books are being bought by Mom.

Dad is driving his car.

His car is being driven by Dad.

We are kicking the ball.

The ball is being kicked by us.

Past continuous tense: Sally was writing letters.

Letters were being written by Sally.

The men were drinking coffee.

Coffee was being drunk by the men.

Some girls were doing ballet.

Ballet was being done by some girls.

Future continuous tense I shall be riding my bike.

My bike will be ridden by me.

They will be fixing the car.

The car will be fixed by them.

Tom will be helping us.

We shall be helped by Tom.

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being is replaced by will be and shall be!


ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

Exercise 1 The following sentences are written in the passive form Underline the verb in each sentence e.g.

The laundry is being done by Matilda.

1.

Ripe peaches are being plucked by the gardener.

2.

The picture was being coloured by the grade one class.

3.

A pair of skates will be bought by Simon.

4.

An impala is being stalked by a pride of lions.

5.

My new silver dishes were being polished by the cleaner.

6.

All the painting will be done by the handyman.

7.

The weekly grocery shopping was being handled by Mom.

8.

Our annual swimming gala is being organized by the teachers.

9.

Exercises are being done by the Keep Fit Group.

10. The patients will be washed by the nurses.

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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE Exercise 2 Change the sentences to the passive voice 1.

The wind is blowing the sail of the boat. ______________________________________________________________

2.

An elephant is scaring the tourists. ______________________________________________________________

3.

Betsy was planning a surprise party. ______________________________________________________________

4.

The pupils were drawing maps of Africa. ______________________________________________________________

5.

We shall be buckling our seatbelts in the car. ______________________________________________________________

6.

He will be packing his backpack on time. ______________________________________________________________

7.

Our puppies were chewing rubber toys. ______________________________________________________________

8.

The hungry boys are eating pizzas during break. ______________________________________________________________

9.

All the art students were painting pictures. ______________________________________________________________

10. Grade five learners will be writing a test. ______________________________________________________________

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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE Exercise 3 Change the sentences to the passive voice 1.

Thieves are robbing a bank in the city.

______________________________________________________________ 2.

They were threatening one of the bank clerks.

______________________________________________________________ 3.

The injured lady is receiving medical attention.

______________________________________________________________ 4.

The police were following the robbers by car.

______________________________________________________________ 5.

They will be firing several shots in the air.

______________________________________________________________ 6.

An officer was arresting the men the same night.

______________________________________________________________ 7.

Spectators will be watching the arrest with interest.

______________________________________________________________ 8.

The crowd was cheering the brave men.

______________________________________________________________ 9.

The captain was congratulating the five officers

______________________________________________________________ 10.

The journalist is writing a long article about the robbery.

______________________________________________________________

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PERFECT TENSE LEARN TO REMEMBER!

Perfect tense Perfect tense shows that the action has been completed Perfect tense can be divided into: 1. Present perfect tense 2. Past perfect tense 3. Future perfect tense

has / have + correct form of verb!

1. Present perfect tense Singular

Plural

1st person

I have slept

We have slept

2nd person

You have slept

You have slept

3rd person

He, she, it has slept

They have slept

Look at the following examples: I have bought books at the mall. You have cooked breakfast. He has written a letter. They have run a road race. We have washed dishes. She has lost her key.

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He, she and it has All the rest have!


PERFECT TENSE

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

Exercise 1.1 Change the verbs to the present perfect tense 1.

We (jump) _____________ up and down.

2.

Mary (eats) _____________ her lunch at school.

3.

My uncle (builds) _____________ his own house.

4.

I (swim) _____________ in the pool after supper.

5.

Mother (sweeps) _____________ the floor regularly.

6.

The sun (rises) _____________ in the east.

7.

The children (ride) _____________ their horses every day.

8.

We (leave) _____________ our books in class during break.

9.

I (make) _____________ my bed before school.

10. You (grow) _____________ roses in your beautiful garden.

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PERFECT TENSE Exercise 1.2 1.

Rewrite the sentences in the present perfect tense We watch the new movie on karate. _____________________________________________________________

2.

She works at Spur during the December holidays. _____________________________________________________________

3.

The family spends Christmas and New Year with us. _____________________________________________________________

4.

I ask permission to ride my quad bike on the farm. _____________________________________________________________

5.

Glenda pays for her purchases at the till. _____________________________________________________________

6.

They walk on the beach early in the morning. _____________________________________________________________

7.

I receive R100.00 pocket money every month. _____________________________________________________________

8.

The children spend their money on snacks at the mall. _____________________________________________________________

9.

He arrives on time at the concert. _____________________________________________________________

10.

The neighbour’s dogs bark the whole day. _____________________________________________________________

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Gecko Learn Series - Example Booklet  

Beginner: Nouns Intermediate: Active and Passive Challenging: Verbs