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Inside: UGA offers degree program in Tifton n 2013 Harvest Guidebook n Peanut industry helps Oklahoma families after tornado n

A communication service of the Southern Peanut Farmers Federation.


Contents July/August 2013

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Joy Carter Crosby Editor joycarter@gapeanuts.com 229-386-3690

Tifton, Ga., is known for its leading agricultural research but now the town can add University of Georgia college degree programs to its list of accomplishments. UGA has graduated 150 plus students on the Tifton Campus since 2004.

Teresa Mays Contributing Writer Teresa2@alpeanuts.com 334-792-6482 John Leidner Contributing Writer johnleidner@bellsouth.net Southeastern Peanut Farmer P.O. Box 706, Tifton, Ga. 31793 445 Fulwood Blvd., Tifton, Ga. 31794 ISSN: 0038-3694 Southeastern Peanut Farmer ispublishedsixtimesayear (Jan./Feb.,March,April,May/June,July/Aug.,and Oct./Nov.)bytheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederation. Thepublisherisnotresponsibleforcopyomission,typographicalerrors,oranyunintentionalerrorsthatmay occur,otherthantocorrectitinthefollowingissue.Any erroneousreflectionwhichmayoccurinthecolumnsof Southeastern Peanut Farmer willbecorrectedupon broughttotheattentionoftheeditor.(Phone229-3863690.) Postmaster:Sendaddresschanges(Form3579)to Southeastern Peanut Farmer,P.O.Box706,Tifton, Georgia,31793. Circulationisfreetoqualifiedpeanutgrowersandothers alliedtotheindustry.PeriodicalpostagepaidatTifton, Georgiaandadditionalmailingoffice. Editorial Content:Editorialcopyfromsourcesoutside oftheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederationissometimes presentedfortheinformationandinterestofourmembers.Suchmaterialmay,ormaynot,coincidewithofficialSouthernPeanutFarmersFederationpolicies. Publicationofmaterialdoesnotnecessarilyimplyits endorsementbytheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederation. Foreditorialconcernscall229-386-3690.Noportionof thisorpastissuesoftheSoutheastern Peanut Farmer maybereproducedinanyformwhatsoeverwithoutthe writtenconsentoftheeditor.By-linedarticlesappearing inthispublicationrepresentviewsoftheauthorsandnot necessarilythoseofthepublisher. Advertising:ThePublisherreservestherighttorefuse anyadvertisement.Correctionstoadvertisementsmustbe madeafterthefirstrun.Allbillingofferssubjecttocredit review.Advertisementscontainedinthispublicationdo notrepresentanendorsementbytheSoutheastern Peanut Farmer ortheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederation.Use oftradenamesinthispublicationisforthepurposeof providingspecificinformationandisnotaguaranteenor warrantyofproductsnamed.Foradvertisingconcerns call229-386-3690.

University of Georgia offers degree programs in Tifton

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2013 Harvest Guidebook Determining when to harvest is one of the most important decisions farmers make each year. To assist farmers with knowing when to harvest, the Southeastern Peanut Farmer has published the 2013 Harvest Guidebook which includes information on the hull-scrape method, cultivar maturity, growing degree days model and safety at harvest time.

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Peanut Butter to Oklahoma Victims of the recent Oklahoma tornadoes received more than 60,000 jars of peanut butter from the U.S. peanut industry through the humanitarian relief organization Peanut Proud.

Departments: CheckoffReport.................................................................................. 8 AlabamaPeanutProducersAssociation,FloridaPeanutProducersAssociation, GeorgiaPeanutCommissionandMississippiPeanutGrowersAssociation

WashingtonOutlook............................................................................20 SouthernPeanutGrowersUpdate........................................................22 Cover Photo: The University of Georgia Tifton Campus allows Randall Ellis, Blakely, Ga., the opportunity to continue farming while receiving a degree from the university. Photo by Joy Crosby.

July/August 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Editorial

Calendar of Events

Harvest is just around the corner

S

ummerisinfullswingandbeforeyouknowit,thosepeanutsyou plantedinthespringwillbereadytoharvestthisfall.Thisissue featurestheSoutheasternPeanutFarmer’sHarvestGuidebook.So, takealookandrefreshyourselfonpre-harvestequipmentmaintenanceanddeterminingwhentodigtoobtainhighqualitypeanuts. Also,duringtheyearmanyofyouaremovingequipmentonthehighways fromfieldtofield,sobesuretocleanoffyourslow-movingvehiclesigns andfollowthetipsonpage12tobesureyouaresafeduringharvesttime. LatesummerandearlyfallbringadditionaleducationalareasforfarmersthroughfielddayeventsacrosstheSoutheast.ResearchersprovideproductionupdatesatmanyoftheresearchcentersacrosstheSoutheastontopicsrelatingtovarietytrials,disease,weedandinsectmanagement,irrigation managementandmore.Besuretocheckoutthedatesfortheupcomingfield dayeventsinAugustandSeptemberonthecalendartotheright. Thegrower-fundedcheckofforganizationshavebeenbusyrepresenting peanutfarmersthroughthefarmbillthepastfewmonths.TheSenate approvedthefarmbillJune10byavoteof66-27.Unfortunately,theHouse versionofthefarmbillwasdefeatedbyavoteof195-234.Asummaryof bothbills,providedbytheUniversityofGeorgiaNationalCenterforPeanut Competitiveness,isavailableonpage21inthisissue. TheU.S.peanutindustryhasalsobeenbusyhelpingthosefamilieswho weredevastatedbytornadoesinOklahoma.PeanutProudorganizedthe reliefeffortsoftheU.S.peanutindustrythroughdonatingpeanutbutterand suppliestofamiliesinOklahoma.Thepeanutindustryshippedmorethan 60,000jarsofpeanutbutterforProjectOklahomaRelief.Ifyouwouldlike todonatetoPeanutProudforfuturereliefefforts,visit www.peanutproud.comorreadmoreaboutitonpage14inthisissue. Hatsofftothefollowingpeanutindustryrepresentativeswhoreceived recognitionduringtheUSA PeanutCongress.DuringtheUSAPeanut Congress,specialawardswerepresentedfromtheAmericanPeanutShellers Association,PeanutFoundationandtheAmericanPeanutCouncil.The awardrecipientswere: •APSALifeAchievementAward-(forexceptionalsupportoftheentire peanutindustry)-U.S.SenatorSaxbyChambliss,R-Ga. •APCLifetimeAchievementAward(exceptionallifetimecontributorto theadvancementoftheU.S.peanutindustry)-JackChastain,generalmanager,DosterWarehouse,Inc. •APCHallofFameAward(significantlifetimecontributionstothe peanutindustryandtotheAmericanPeanutCouncil)-TyronSpearman,editorofthePeanutFarmMarketNewsandexecutivedirectoroftheNational PeanutBuyingPointsAssociation •APC/PF-PeanutResearchandEducation Award(SponsoredbyBayerCropScience)-John Beasley,UGApeanutagronomist •APC/PF-SpecialAppreciationAward(For coordinating$6millionfund-raisingprojectfor PeanutGenomics)-GeorgeBirdsong,CEOof BirdsongPeanuts Alloftheseindividualsareverydeservingfor theseawards.Congratulationstothemall!t

Joy Carter Crosby Editor

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013

u Stripling Irrigation Research Park Field Day, Aug. 1, 2013, Camilla, Ga. For more information call 229-522-3623 or visit http://nespal.org/sirp/. u American Peanut Shellers Association Pre-Harvest Meeting, Aug. 6-7, 2013, Lake Blackshear, Ga. For more information call 229-888-2508. u Southeast Research and Education Center Field Day, Aug. 14, 2013, Midville, Ga. For more information call Anthony Black at 478-589-7472 or rablack@uga.edu. u Florida Peanut Field Day, Aug. 15, 2013, North Florida Research and Education Center, Marianna, Fla. For more information call 850-394-9124. u Brooklet Peanut Festival, August 17, 2013, Brooklet, Ga. For more information call 912-842-2325 or visit the festival’s web site at www.brookletpeanutfestival.com. u UGA Cotton & Peanut Research Field Day, Sept. 11, 2013, Tifton, Ga. For more information call 229-386-3006. u Georgia Peanut Tour, Sept. 17-19, 2013, Valdosta, Ga. and surrounding area. For more information call 229-386-3470 or visit www.gapeanuts.com. u Tri-state Peanut Disease Tour, Sept. 2426, 2013. Tour stops include research plots in Alabama, Florida and Georgia. For more information contact Albert Culbreath at spotwilt@uga.edu or call 229-386-3156. u Plains Peanut Festival, Sept. 28, 2013, Plains, Ga. For more information call 229-824-5373 or visit www.plainsgeorgia.com. u Sunbelt Ag Expo, Oct. 15-17, 2013, Moultrie, Ga. For more information call 229-985-1968 or visit www.sunbeltexpo.com. u National Peanut Festival, Nov. 1-10, 2013, Dothan, Ala. For more information call 334-793-4323. u Georgia Farm Bureau, Dec. 8-10, 2013, Jekyll Island, Ga. For more information call 478-474-8411. (Let us know about your event. Please send details to the editor, using the following e-mail address: joycrosby@gapeanuts.com)


2013 Southern Peanut Growers Conference

Thanks to the 2013 Conference Sponsors

Conference Blog Reports Daily The 15th annual Southern Peanut Growers Conference was highlighted again this year through a blog. Be sure to check it out for photos, stories and interviews on the Southern Peanut Farmers Federation website at www.southernpeanutfarmers.org or http://spgc.wordpress.com. The blog is sponsored by Ag Technologies.

Brought to you by the: Southern Peanut Farmers Federation Alabama Peanut Producers Association Florida Peanut Producers Association Georgia Peanut Commission Mississippi Peanut Growers Association Southern Peanut Growers

Syngenta Bayer CropScience John Deere Ag-Pro Company Albany Tractor Company Blanchard Equipment Lasseter Equipment Company Smith Tractor Company Sparrow & Kennedy SunSouth LLC BASF National Peanut Board DuPont Crop Protection Ag Leader Technology Ag Technologies Aimtrac Birdsong Peanuts Colombo North America Farm Press Kelley Manufacturing Co. Valent U.S.A. Corporation Amadas Industries First South Farm Credit National Peanut Buying Points Assn. Olam Edible Nuts Peanut Grower Southeastern Peanut Farmer AMVAC Chemical Dow AgroSciences Alabama Farmers Federation Georgia Farm Bureau Golden Peanut Company INTX Microbials McCleskey Mills Nichino America, Inc. Novozymes BioAg Quantum BioTek AMG Farm Credit Florida Georgia Organic Solutions LLC Jim Cary Consultant Newton Crouch Sessions Co. Inc. Snyder’s-Lance The KBH Corporation As of 6/28/13

July/August 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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T

ifton,Ga.,isknownforits leadingagriculturalresearch attheUniversityof Georgia’sCoastalPlain ExperimentStation.Nowthecitycanadd UGAcollegedegreeprogramstoitslistof accomplishments.InfactUGAhasgraduated150plusstudentsontheTifton Campussince2004. TheUniversityofGeorgiabeganlayingthegroundworkforateachingprogram in2001andthefirstclassesbeganinthe fallof2003.However,stilltodaymany folksdonotrealizeclassesareofferedin Tiftonandindividualscanreceiveadegree ontheTiftonCampusoftheUniversityof Georgia. Thenumberofstudentsmaybesmall, buttheprogramcontinuestoaddeducationalopportunitiesandhands-onexperiencetoassistthe33undergraduateswho willbeginthisfallinoneofthefour majorsoffered. Currently,theUGATiftonCampus offersfourundergraduatedegreeprograms includingAgriscienceandEnvironmental Systems,AgriculturalEducation, AgribusinessandBiologicalScience. Graduateprogramsofferedinclude AgriculturalLeadershipandPlant ProtectionandPestManagement. TheUGA TiftonCampusalsohas

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The University of Georgia Tifton Campus allows Randall Ellis, Blakely, Ga., the opportunity to continue farming while receiving a degree from the university.

articulationagreementswithAbraham BaldwinAgriculturalCollege,Waycross College(nowSouthGeorgiaState College)andBainbridgeCollege.These agreementsgivestudentstheopportunity toknowexactlywhatcoreclassesare neededbeforetransferringtotheUGA TiftonCampus,andthestudentswill receiveanautomatictransferifalladmissionrequirementsaremet.Accordingto JoeWest,assistantdeanoftheUGATifton Campus,thecollegeisreachingoutto theirsistercollegesinthearea.Thiswill enablestudentstoknowtheyhaveahome inTiftonwaitingforthem. BystudyingontheUGATifton Campus,thestudentshaveauniqueopportunitytolearnfromworldrenownedprofessorswithoutdoorlaboratoriesand hands-oninstruction. “IfsomeonewantstostudyproductionagwithsomeofthebestresearchscientistsandextensionspecialistsintheU.S. thenitistheperfectplacetostudy,”West says. RisingseniorinAgribusinessRandall Ellis,Blakely,Ga.,agrees.Hereally enjoysthesmallclasssizeandtheability totakeclassesundertheresearchscientists andspecialistshehasreadarticlesfromin

Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013

variousagmagazinesbeforecomingto UGATifton. EllischoseTiftonsinceitisrelatively closetoBlakely,Ga.,andallowshimthe abilitytocontinuefarmingwhiletaking classes.Ellisisathird-generationfarmer whostartedplantinghisfirstcropof30 acresofpeanutswhileafreshmanat ABACinTifton.Sincethen,hehascontinuedtogrowhisfarmingenterpriseto include85acresofpeanuts,cottonand soybeans.HeisthesonofSteveandStarla EllisofBlakely,Ga. “BecauseTiftonisonlyacouple hoursawayfrommyhometownof Blakely,Iamabletotravelbackhome nearlyeveryweekendtoworkonthefarm. Duringpinchtimes,suchasharvest,I sometimesmakethecommuteseveral timesaweek,”Ellissays.“Ihavebeen knowntogotoclassinthemorning,eat lunchonthewayhome,pickpeanutsall afternoonanddrivebacktoTiftonat night.” AccordingtoEllis,iftheUGATifton Campusprogramhadnotbeenoffered,he wouldnothavebeenabletocontinuehis preferrededucationthatwillalsohelphim withfarminginthefuture.OnceEllis graduatesinMay2014withadegreein


Agribusiness,heplanstoreturntothe familyfarm.Oneofhisfavoriteclasses, FuturesandOptionsclass,taughtby NathanSmith,UGAExtensioneconomist,hashelpedhimtounderstandhow tomarkethiscropandunderstandthe fundamentalsofmarketing. Likemanystudentswhochoosethe UniversityofGeorgia,Elliswanteda degreefromUGAandAthenswasn’tan optionforhim. “We’vehadstudentsleaveTiftonand transfertoAthensonlywantingtoreturn toTiftonthenextyeartofinishtheir degree,”saysAmberDowdTurner,coordinatorofacademicprogramsattheUGA TiftonCampus. Thedegreerequirementsarethe sameforeachmajorwhetherthestudent ispursuingthedegreeinAthensorTifton. However,theTiftonprogramdoesoffer studentsmorehands-oninstruction, Turnersays. Throughtheyears,theUGATifton Campushashadtraditionalandnon-traditionalstudentsfromGeorgiaandacross theU.S.Thesmallclasssizeandcampus helpsomestudentsfeelrightathome, saysMeredithRutland,UGATifton Campusacademicrecruiter. “TheprogramsofferedinTiftonare uniquebecausetheyincludeprofessors whoarethecentralhubforthecuttingedgeresearch,andthoseresearchersare willingtosharetheirknowledgewiththe students,”Rutlandadds. Inadditiontoclassroominstruction, studentsareabletoparticipateinavariety ofclubsandactivitiesoncampusincludingCollegiateFFA,AgribusinessClubor servethecampusasAmbassadors. AccordingtoWest,theUGATifton Campusisputtingoutwell-trainedstudentswhochoosetostayinSouth Georgiatowork.“Wefeellikeweare addingtotheworkforceinSouth Georgia,”hesays.“Thatisonegoalwe canbeproudof.” However,thereareothergoalsonthe horizonincludingtheneedforfacultyand dedicatedteachingspace.Hehasaplanin placebutfundsareneededtomakethis goalareality.“UGATiftonisheretostay andweareworkinghardtorecruitmore students,”Westsays. Inadditiontotheundergraduatestudies,theUGATiftonCampusprovidesa uniqueopportunityforthosealreadyin theworkforcetoreturntocampuswhile workingtopursueamaster’sdegreein AgriculturalLeadershiporPlant

ProtectionandPestManagement. Thesedegreeprogramsprovidea solutionforextensionagents,agricultural teachersandothersintheagindustrywho wouldliketofurthertheireducation whilecontinuingtoworkfull-time. AccordingtoBillStarr,UGA ExtensionagentinSumterCounty,the master’sprograminPlantProtectionand PestManagementwasperfectforhis careersincemostoftheclassesrelated directlytowhathedoeseveryday. “Thisprogramisperfectforcounty agentsbecausetheknowledgegainedwas practicaltorealworldsituations,”Starr says. Starr,likeEllis,admitsthatifthe degreewouldnothavebeenofferedin Tiftonthenhemostlikelywouldnothave beenabletopursueadegreeofthat nature.Hesaysthedegreeprogramin Tiftonwasablessingforhim. “Ilikethesmallclasssizeandthe availabilityoftheprofessors.Ialready knewsomeofmyprofessorsattheUGA TiftonCampusbecausetheyare Extensionspecialistsandhaveteaching appointmentsaswell,”Starrsays.“Iam sogladtheMPPPMprogramwasavailableinTifton.” Inadditiontothestudentswhoenjoy theopportunitiestheUGATiftonCampus hasprovidedthem,thereareExtension specialistsandresearcherswhoareproud toteachclassesalongwiththeircurrent dutiesofresearchorextensionprograms. OneofthoseExtensionspecialistsJohn Beasley,UGAExtensionpeanutagronomist,alwaysthoughthewouldenjoy teachingandnowhehashischance. Beasleyteachesacropproduction andmanagementclasseveryotherfall semesterandaseedtechnologyclassin thealternatingfallsemesterforundergraduateandgraduatestudents.Even thoughBeasley’sprimaryresponsibilities includeextensionprogramsandresearch, hedecidedtogiveitatrywiththeattitudeandpromisethatiftheteachingdistractsfromhisextensionappointment,he wouldgiveitup.Nowtenyearslater, Beasleyisstillmanagingthebusyscheduleofextension,researchandteaching. ThroughhiscareerasExtension peanutagronomist,hetravelsthe SouthernpartofGeorgiamanytimesand hisgreatestrewardisseeingthegraduates oftheUGATiftonCampusoutworking intheagriculturalindustry. t

By JOy CrOSBy

UGA Tifton Campus attracts North Georgia students Productionagricultureisdifferent fromstatetostate,oreveninsomecases, oppositeendsofthestate.Manystudents attendingtheUniversityofGeorgiaTifton Campushavetheopportunitytolearn moreaboutSouthGeorgiaagriculture whiletakingclassesinTifton,Ga. “ProductionagricultureisawholedifferentballgameinSouthGeorgiathanin theNorthGeorgiaMountains.Themain agriculturalemphasisconsistsofapple orchards,broilerproductionandsmallbeef cattleoperationsratherthancotton, peanuts,andcorn,”saysJamisonCruce,a recentgraduateoftheUGATiftonCampus fromBlueRidge,Ga.“Ourlargestfields mightbe200acresofpastureland,comparedtoover1,000acrefieldsproducing rowcropsandvegetables.”

John Beasley, University of Georgia Extension peanut agronomist and professor at the UGA Tifton Campus, discusses peanut production with Jamison Cruce, a recent graduate of the UGA Tifton Campus.

CrucecompletedhisBachelorof Sciencedegreeinagriculturewithamajor inagriculturaleducationfromtheUGA TiftonCampus.Heiscurrentlyemployed full-timeattheGeorgiaPeanut Commissionasthedirectorofresearchand education. “TheUGATiftonCampusisinthe premierlocationforanagriculturalinstitutioninthestateforalotofreasons.Tifton istheheartofagricultureinSouth Georgia,soitprovidesforawell-rounded learningexperience.Theprofessorsare someofthemostworld-renownedscientistsintheirrespectivefields,”Crucesays. “Astudenthastheopportunitytonotjust sitinaclassroomoratalabbench,butthe abilitytogostraighttotheresearchfield plotsandstudythesubjectfirst-hand.”t By WHiTney yArBrOUGH GeOrGiA PeAnUT COmmiSSiOn COmmUniCATiOnS inTern

July/August 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Checkoff Report Investments Made by Growers for the Future of the Peanut Industry.

Mississippi growers team up with The Peanut Institute TheMississippiPeanutGrowersAssociationhasteamedupwithThePeanut InstitutetobethefirsttogaintheAmericanHeartAssociation’s(AHA)approval fortheiroil-roasted,saltedpeanutstousetheHeart-CheckMarklogoontheir packages.Oil-roasted,saltedpeanutsarewellbelowtheAHArequirementof 140mgperoneounceserving,andalsomeetthecriteriaforfiberandsaturated fat,makingthemagreathealthysnackchoice.TheMPGAhasalsoteamedup withThePeanutInstituteandAHAtodevelopatwopageinformationbrochure titled,“Heart-HealthyPeanuts.”ThiswillbegivenoutbyMPGAatthe MississippiDiabetesAssociation“Walks”aroundtheState,MississippiSchool NutritionAssociationAnnualConferenceandotherevents,suchastheMississippi HighSchoolChampionshipPlay-offs. Thebrochurehassixtalkingpointswithfactualeducationalstatementsabout eachone.Forexample,“Surprise!Evensaltedpeanutscanbelowinsodium;Fact: oneounceofsaltedpeanutstypicallycontainslesssodiumthanasliceofbread (oneounce).Referencesaregiventoverifythesixtalkingpoints.Itissurprising tofindmostpeopledon’tknowpeanutsareheart-healthy.

Florida Ag Literacy Day a success The2013AgLiteracyDayinFlorida reachedapproximately65,000elementarystudentsacrossthestate.Morethan1,600volunteersreadto3,200classrooms.Theyread fromabookthatispartofaseriesdeveloped specificallyfortheannualevent,whichisin Sherry Saunders, Florida Peanut itstenthyear.Thenewbook,“Florida’sFarm Producers, reads the Florida Ag History!,”commemoratesthe500thyear Literacy Day book to students at anniversaryofPoncedeLeon’sdiscoveryof North Bay Haven elementary school Floridaandtheagriculturaleventsthatplayeda in Panama City, Fla. partinthestate’shistory. “FloridaAgLiteracyDayisapopularprogramthatputsagriculturalindustry volunteersfromaroundthestateintouchwithstudentsintheclassroomtoteach studentsaboutagriculture,”saysKenBarton,chairmanoftheFloridaAgriculture intheClassroomboardofdirectors.

Volunteers make March of Dimes event fun for kids Membersofthe2013PeanutTeamforMobile-BaldwinCountyjoinedhundreds whoparticipatedintheMarchofDimesannualWalkforBabies.Theeventthisyear washeldatSpanishFortandmarkedthefourthconsecutiveyeartheAlabamaPeanut ProducersAssociation(APPA)hassponsoredtheKidsActivitiestent.Childrenofall agesandtheirparentsvisitedthetenttomakepeanutartsandcrafts,andreceive peanutsandinformationonthehealthbenefitsofpeanuts.Suchwalksareheldacross theU.S.tohelpraisemoneysotheMarchofDimescanfundresearchandhelppreventprematurityandbirthdefects.RepresentativesfromtheAlabamaPeanut ProducersAssociationandAlfaWomensCommitteesmadeuppeanutteamvolunteersforthisyear’sevents.

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013

Florida’s peanut farmers represented at Epcot TheFloridaPeanutProducers Associationparticipatedinthe“Freshfrom FloridaWeekend”attheEpcotInternational Flower&GardenFestivalinMay. ThiswasthefifthyearthatFPPAas “FreshFromFlorida”members,havebeen invitedtohelpspotlightFloridaAgriculture. “Thisvenueallowsustheopportunityto shareinformationaboutpeanutproductionin Florida,aswellasdistributehealthandnutritionalinformation,recipecardsand brochuresandprovideseedkitsforthose whowanttoplantandgrowapeanutplantin theirgarden,”saysScottRobinson,vice presidentofFPPAandpeanutfarmerin Williston,Fla.“Wearethankfultothe FloridaDepartmentofAgricultureforinvitingusbacktoparticipateinthisyear’sFresh FromFloridaWeekend.”

Scott and Nancy Robinson visit with attendees at the “Fresh From Florida Weekend” at Epcot during the International Flower and Garden Festival.


Reports from the: Alabama Peanut Producers Association Florida Peanut Producers Association Georgia Peanut Commission Mississippi Peanut Growers Association

Alabama offers Peanuts E-news service Tokeeppeanut growersandothersin theindustryup-to-date onhappeningswithin theindustry,theAlabamaPeanutProducersAssociationhas createda“PeanutE-News”service.Emailswillbesentwhen thereareissuesthatmayaffectyouoryouneedtobeaware ofwithintheindustryandagricultureingeneral. Tosignup,goto:www.alpeanuts.comandcompletethe registrationinformationlocatedatthetopleft-handcornerof thehomepage.

Georgia Peanut Commission swears in board members and elects officers DuringtheJuneGeorgiaPeanutCommissionboardmeeting,re-electedboardmembersweresworninandofficers wereelected.SuperiorCourtJudgeMelanieCrossofTifton, Ga.,sworninthethreere-electedboardmembers. InDecember2012,nominationmeetingswereheldfor theboardseatsinDistrict2,4and5.Morrisistheincumbent forDistrict2andhedefeatedWesShannonofTiftCounty,by 65.24percent ofthevote.The GeorgiaFarm Bureauconductedthe nomination meetingsand voteswere countedbythe certifiedpublic Judge Melanie Cross of Tifton swears in recently accountantsat re-elected Georgia Peanut Commission board members Armond Morris, Ocilla, Ga., Rodney AllenPritchett Dawson, Hawkinsville, Ga., and Donald Chase, &Bassettin Oglethorpe, Ga. Tifton,Ga. AdditionalboardmembersrenominatedwithoutoppositionincludedRodneyDawsonofHawkinsville,Ga.,representingDistrict4,andDonaldChaseofOglethorpe,Ga.,representingDistrict5. TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionboardmemberselected officersduringthemeetingandMorriswaselectedchairman, JoeBoddiford,Sylvania,Ga.,asvicechairmanandDawsonas treasurer. AdditionalinformationontheprogramsoftheGeorgia PeanutCommissionisavailableonlineat www.gapeanuts.com.

Georgia Peanut Commission showcases crop demonstration plot at new headquarters TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionisnowshowingoffhow cropsgrowatit’snewheadquartersin Tifton,Ga.Acrop demonstrationplotonthesouthendofthepropertyshowcasespeanuts,cottonandcorn.Theplotwasmadepossibleby theUniversityofGeorgiaPeanutTeam. Thecropswere plantedinMayandphotosandvideoofthe demonstrationplothave beenpostedonlineat www.gapeanuts.comfor thosewantingtofollow theprogressthroughout theseason. TheGeorgiaPeanut Representatives with the University of Georgia Peanut Team plants peanuts, Commissioncontinues cotton and corn in the Crop toeducatetravelers Demonstration Plot at the Georgia passingbytheheadPeanut Commission headquarters. quartersonInterstate 75.ThemostrecenttouristshavebeenfromKansas,Ohio, Missouri,Tennessee,Illinoisandotherstates.Thetourists havestoppedintolearnmoreaboutGeorgiapeanutsand obtainafreesampleofpeanuts.

Lasseter Equipment Group donates riding mower to Georgia Peanut Commission LasseterEquipment Grouprecentlymadea donationofaJohn Deere42”ridingmower totheGeorgiaPeanut Commission.Thelawnmowerallowsthecommissiontomaintainthe groundson-siteatthe newheadquartersoffof Stewart Keith, salesman with Lasseter Equipment Group, presents Don Interstate75inTifton, Koehler, Georgia Peanut Commission Ga. executive director, with the John Deere “Wearefortunateto riding mower for the GPC headquarters. haveapartnerinthe agriculturalindustrywillingtodonateamowertousforuse atthenewheadquarters,”saysDonKoehler,GeorgiaPeanut Commissionexecutivedirector.“Weareveryappreciativeof LasseterEquipmentGroupandtheireffortstosupport Georgia’speanutfarmers.” July/August 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Harvesting quality peanuts at the right time

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ptimizingmaturityatharvesttimeisonegoal farmersshouldsetfor thisproductionyear. Farmersshouldbecautiousandnotharvestpeanutsbeforetheyarefullymature. Farmershavetoolsavailabletoassist themwithdeterminingtherighttimeto harvestpeanuts. “Determiningwhentoharvestisone ofthemostimportantdecisionsgrowers makeeachyear,”saysJohnBeasley, UniversityofGeorgiapeanutagronomist. “Thematurityofapeanutaffectsyield, flavor,grade,andshelflife.” Researchhasbeenconductedby BeasleyandJayWilliams,retiredUGA peanutengineer,onharvestingpeanuts early,ontimeandlate.Researchhas shownthatpeanutsharvestedtooearly hadanoffflavor.Peanutsharvestedtoo

earlyortoolatehadreducedyieldby500 to700poundsperacre.

Determining maturity Oneofthebestwaystodetermine cropmaturityforanumberofyearshas beentousethe“hull-scrapemethod”to composeapod-maturityprofile.Thehull scrapemethodisbasedoncolorchanges inthemiddlelayerofthepeanuthullas thenutmatures.However,iftheworkof ascientificteamcontinuestoshowpromise,thewords“adjustedgrowingdegree days”maysoonreplace“hull-scrape”and “profileboards”intheannualchoresof predictingcropmaturityanddeciding whentobeginharvesting. Thisdoesn’tmeantheoldhull-scrape willfinditswaytothescrapheap.Itdoes meanthatthehull-scrapemethodwillget apowerfulnewpartner,acomplementary

Maturity Range of Peanut Cultivars Variety

Type

Maturity* (140-145 DAP)

Georgia-06G

Runner

0

Georgia-07W

Runner

0

Georgia-09B

Runner

0-7 (-)

Georgia Greener

Runner

0-7 (-)

Florida-07

Runner

0

Runner

0-7 (-)

Runner

0-7 (-)

FloRun

TM

‘107’

Tifguard

* Maturity range is related to Georgia-06G (typically 140 - 145 days after planting). A plus sign (+) following the range of days means the cultivar is that number of days later than Georgia-06G. A negative sign (-) following the range of days means the cultivar is that number of days earlier than Georgia Green. A “0” indicates the maturity is the same as Georgia-06G. The range of days to maturity is relative and can be greatly influenced by environmental conditions all during the season. Always monitor maturity using the Hull-Scrape Maturity Profile.

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013

toolforfarmerstouseinestimatingthe idealdiggingdate. Thehull-scrapeanditsprofileboard aremostvulnerabletohumanerrorin judgingthecolorsofthescrapedhulls. Theadjustedgrowingdegreedaymodel addsadegreeofprecisiontothedeterminationofpeanutmaturity. Thenewadjustedgrowingdegree daysmodelwasoriginallydevelopedat theUSDA’sNationalPeanutResearch LaboratoryinDawson,Ga.,byWilson FairclothandDianeRowland. DianeRowlandhascontinuedto workonthemodelinhernewroleatthe UniversityofFloridaagronomydepartment.Shehasmadethemodelavailable forpeanutfarmersacrosstheSoutheast ontheUniversityofFloridawebsite.This websiteforusebypeanutfarmersis: http://agronomy.ifas.ufl.edu/peanutfarm/o verview.Youwillalsobedirectedtothe websiteifyouuseasearchengineand typeinthewords“peanutfieldagronomic resourcemanager.” Tocalculateadjustedgrowingdegree days,Rowlandandhercolleaguesusea mathematicalformulathataccountsfor dailymaximumandminimumtemperaturesalongwiththeamountofwater receivedbythecropfromrainfalland irrigation.Forrunnerpeanutsgrownin theSoutheast,peanutmaturitypeaksand harvestingshouldbeginwhenthemodel reachesatotalof2,500adjustedgrowing degreedays. Therearenumerousfactorsthat affectwhentoharvestindividualfields. AccordingtoBeasley,farmerscanplant thesamevarietyonthesamedayindifferentfieldsandthepeanutsmaystill


Harvest Equipment Checklist Peanut Digger Pre-harvest Checklist u Check the entire machine for loose or worn parts. u Make sure the plow shanks are not bent and the digger blades run level. u Straighten any bent rattler bars. u Check all bearings and the gear box oil level. u Check coulters and vine cutters for proper location and condition. u Align the inversion rods before digging (see operator manual for proper spacing). u Check for binding or unusual noises by operating the machine briefly. u Have plenty of extra digger blades on hand.

Harvest Season Checklist u Check digger blades for proper sharpness and depth. u Coulters should cut vines leaving no clumps. u Check the flow of material through the digger. Make sure ground speed is synchronized to produce a smooth flow of vines and soil into the digger. u Make sure drive belts are tight. u Check for proper vine inversion and inversion rod spacing.

Combine maintenance checklist Pre-harvest Checklist u Clean inside and out, removing all dirt and residue from the previous crop. u Check for loose, bent, broken, or missing parts such as pickup springs, cylinder springs and stripper springs. u Check air lift ducts for holes, lodged objects and dirt buildup. u Make sure all shields are functional and in good shape. u Replace the “Slow Moving Vehicle” sign if it is not in good condition.

Harvest Season Checklist u Adjust settings according to windrow conditions. Remember, no combination of settings will remain optimal throughout a given day. u Check combined peanuts periodically for LSK’s and foreign material. u Check chaff passing through the combine for excessive pod loss. If problems occur, adjust stripper spring settings.

Peanut Hull Color Groups and Distinctive Characteristics Major color

Pod maturity profile board is used to determine if peanuts are ready for harvest. This is based on color changes in the middle layer of the peanut hull as the nut matures. matureatadifferentrateduetosoiltype differences,climateandweatherdifferencesandpestproblemdifferences. Checkingeachfieldindividuallyisalso importantsincethepeanutsmaynot matureintheorderinwhichtheywere planted. Farmersalsohavetoweighouttheir optionsonwhentoharvestduetoseveral factorsincludingthenumberofacresto beharvested,equipmentavailabilityand

Characteristics

Development period (days)

White

Soft, watery, poorly defined kernel, between the size of a match head and a full size pod

14-16

Yellow

Spongy texture, pod is full size, kernel is somewhat defined

10-14

Dark Yellow

Coarser pod texture then yellow, well-defined kernel

10-14

Orange

Pink seed coat developing

12-14

Brown Rough pod texture, dark pink 10-12 capacity,labor seed coat availabilityand Black Completely developed kernel, 19-21 impendingweathextremely rough pod texture erconditions. Lastly,farmplexdecisionwithmanyfacets,yetmost ersneedtoknowthematurityrangeof ofthequalityandprofitsdependonthat thecultivartheyplanted.Maturityrange decisionbeingmadeaccurately.Beasley isrelatedtothecultivarGeorgia-06Gand encouragesgrowerstocontacttheirlocal somenewercultivarsmatureearlieror extensionserviceforassistance.t later. DeterminingwhentodigisacomBy JOy CrOSBy July/August 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Stay alert this harvest

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tayingalertisamustfor anyonedrivingonroadways, especiallyduringharvest time.Therearemanydistractionsthataresimplyuncalledforwhile operatingamotorvehicle.Wikipedia definestextingwhiledrivingas:“theact ofcomposing,sending,readingtextmessages,emailormakingothersimilaruse ofthewebonamobilephonewhileoperatingamotorvehicle.”Thispracticehas beenviewedbymanypeopleandauthoritiesasdangerous.Ithasalsobeenruledas thecauseofsomemotorvehicleaccidents. Buttherearenumerousotherdistractions,aswell.Notsurprising,otherdiversionsinclude:eatingwhiledriving, adjustingthestereo,usingaGPS,talking onthephone,grooming,singingandloud music–thelistgoesonandon. Thoseindividualsworkingwithinthe agriculturalindustryknowthatextraprecautionsareneededduringthespringand fallmonths.Motoristsneedtoheedtoall

trafficlawsandrealizetheremaybefarm equipmentusingthehighways,aswellas themselves. TrooperKevinCook,publicinformation/educationofficerwiththeAlabama StateTrooper’sofficeinDothan,Ala., urgesmotoriststopayattentionandlook forslow-movingvehiclesigns. “It’saneasyprecautiontotakeand justpayattention,”Cooksays. “Everybodyseemstobeinahurryinthis fast-pacedsocietyandnotasalertas

someoneneedstobewhoisoperatinga motorvehicle.” Farmersknowalltoowellhow importantitistobealertwhendrivingon anyroad–dirtorpaved. “Operatorsofvehiclesneedtokeep inmindthattheyaremovingfastand driversonfarmequipmentaremoving slow,”saysCarlSanders,presidentofthe AlabamaPeanutProducersAssociation.“I urgedriverstopleasebepatientandrealizewewanttogetofftheroadassoonas possiblesowecangetbusyinourfields.” Sandersalsosuggestedtofarmersto makesureyourslow-movingvehicle emblemsarecleanandvisible. Driversoftheroadways,makesure youknowwhereyouaregoingatall times,watchforandavoidobstaclessuch asditchesandembankmentsandwatch yourspeed.Takeallprecautionswhen drivingandplease,please“stayalert!”t By TereSA mAyS

Stay Safe this Harvest Season Follow these simple reminders to have a safe harvest season. 1. Turn off power before adjusting, servicing or unclogging power-driven machinery. 2. Make sure loads being towed are properly hitched to the drawbar and that pins and chains are in place. 3. Display slow-moving vehicle signs on machinery towed or driven on the highways. 4. Have shields and guards in place and maintained at all times. 5. Inspect and maintain all hydraulic hoses and couplings. 6. Make sure tires are properly inflated. 7. Inspect and maintain all machinery, equipment and tools to keep them in proper working condition. 8. Have first-aid kits available and develop an

emergency plan.

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013


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ictimsoftherecent Oklahomatornadoes receivedmorethan60,000 jarsofnutritious,shelfstablepeanutbutterfromGeorgia-based humanitarianorganizationPeanutProud. Severaltruckloadsofdonatedpeanutbutterandpeanutproductsweredeliveredto emergencymanagementstationsandfood banksinShawnee/Tecumseh,and Moore/OklahomaCitybetweenMay27 andMay31,2013. “Theheartsandprayersofeveryone inthepeanutindustryarewiththepeople ofOklahomaduringthisdifficulttime,” saysGreggGrimsley,PeanutProudpresident.“OneofthemainreasonsweestablishedPeanutProudwastoquickly respondtodisastersandprovidevictims withpeanutbutter,anutrient-dense,nonperishablefoodthatprovidessustaining energy.It’sthesebenefitsthatmake peanutbutteroneofthemostrequested itemsbyfoodbanksacrossthecountry. Theoutpouringofsupportfrompeanut andagriculturalorganizationsandindivid-

Monetary donations may be sent to: Project Oklahoma Relief c/o Peanut Proud P.O. Box 446 Blakely, Ga. 39823 www.peanutproud.com

ualswillmakeitpossibletodelivertens ofthousandsofjarsofpeanutbutterand peanutproductstoOklahomafamiliesin thesehardhitareas.” TheOklahomaPeanutCommissionis coordinatingdistributionoftheproducts sogenerouslydonatedbytheAlabama PeanutProducersAssociation,American Blanching,AmericanPeanutCouncil, AmericanPeanutShellersAssociation, B&GSeedProcessors,DamascusPeanut Company,FloridaPeanutProducers Association,GeorgiaFederalState InspectionService,GeorgiaPeanut Commission,Kroger,MississippiPeanut GrowersAssociation,Sanfillipo&Son, SouthernAgCarriers,TexasPeanut ProducersBoard,Virginia-Carolina PeanutPromotions,ClintWilliams CompanyofMadill,Okla.,andother organizations. IndividualscancontributetoPeanut Proud’sOklahomaReliefcampaignat www.peanutproud.com.PeanutProud, Inc.isa501c3humanitarianorganization representingallsegmentsofthepeanut industry. PeanutProudproducesandprovides nutrient-dense,shelf-stablepeanutbutter toaddressbothchronichunger(through regulardeliveriestofoodbanksandsimilarorganizationsinthe11majorpeanutproducingstates)andcrises(through quickresponsetodisasters)withhighvolumedonationsofpeanutbutter.t

Photo by Whitney Yarbrough, Georgia Peanut Commission.

Peanut industry donates peanut butter to Oklahoma relief

Peanut industry representatives joined together to ship 22 cases (31,680 jars) of peanut butter to families in Oklahoma for the first shipment, May 24, 2013. Pictured left to right are: Robert Mock, Tara Foods (Kroger); Miriam Crosby, American Peanut Shellers Association; Van Griffin, Lineage/ Flint River Services; Gregg Grimsley, president of Peanut Proud; Rodney Williams, Southern Ag Trucking and Joy Crosby, Georgia Peanut Commission.

The U.S. peanut industry delivered peanut butter and supplies to Moore, Okla., on May 28, 2013. Pictured left to right: Mike Kubicek, Oklahoma Peanut Commission; Rodney Williams, Southern Ag Carriers; Oklahoma Secretary of Agriculture Jim Reese and Blayne Arthur, Oklahoma Department of Agriculture associate commissioner.

Peanut Proud donates peanut butter to local community PeanutProuddonated6,700jarsof peanutbutterinMaytoHarvestofHope FoodPantryinAmericus,Ga.Peanut ProudusesGeorgia,Florida,andAlabama grownpeanutstoproduceapeanutbutter tofeedpeopleinneed. PeanutProudprovidespeanutproducerswithanopportunitytogivebackto theirlocalcommunities.Theirpeanutbuttercaneasilybespottedbytheirlabel specificallydesignedforfoodbanks.

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HarvestofHope FoodPantry,locatedin Americus,Ga.,isanup andcomingfoodbank thatisverythankfulfor thisgenerousdonation fromPeanutProud. “Wearegreatly appreciativeofthesizeabledonationfromPeanutProud.This willhelpneedyfamiliesintheAmericus,

Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013

SumterCountyandthesurroundingarea,”saysSonny Pinckard,HarvestofHope executivedirector. HarvestofHopehada successfulOpenHouseMay 30,2013,andhasbeendistributingthisproducttomany localrecipients.Donationsto thePeanutProudcanbemadeonlineat www.peanutproud.com.t


2013 Georgia Peanut Tour set for September

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hetwenty-seventhannual GeorgiaPeanutTourwillbe heldSeptember17-19, 2013,andlocatedoutof Valdosta,Ga.,attheFairfieldInn& Suites.Thetourbringsthelatestinformationonpeanutswhilegivingafirst-hand viewofindustryinfrastructurefromproductionandhandlingtoprocessingand utilization.Tourstopswillbemadein severalpeanutproducingcountiesincludingLowndes,Tift,Brooks,Colquitt,Cook andstopsinNorthFlorida. Attendeescanexpecttoseefirst-hand nearlyeveryaspectofpeanutproduction inthestate.Thisyear’stourhostsmany excitingstopsincludingon-farmharvest demonstrationsandclinics,peanutprocessingfacilities,andseveralspecial highlightswhichincluderesearchatthe UniversityofGeorgiaTiftonCampus, KelleyManufacturingCo.inTifton,Ga., GeorgiaDepartmentofAgriculture LaboratoryinTifton,Ga.,ColomboNorth AmericainAdel,Ga.,DuPontCrop ProtectioninValdosta, Ga.,R.L. CunninghamandSonsseedandcustom shellingfacilityinQuitman,Ga.,and BirdsongPeanutsbuyingpointinLee, Fla. Onespecialinterestofthetourhas

Many attendees on the Georgia Peanut Tour are able to learn more about the University of Georgia and National Peanut Research Lab peanut research and visit a peanut farm for their very first time.

alwaysbeentheEarlyBird“HotTopics” SeminarsetforTuesday,Sept.17,at3 p.m.Thisyear’s“HotTopics”Seminar, heldatFairfieldInnandSuites,willfocus oneconomicsustainabilityofpeanut farms.Theseminarspeakerswillinclude UniversityofGeorgiafacultyinthe AgriculturalandAppliedEconomics Department,NathanSmith,Stanley FletcherandAllenMcCorvey. TheGeorgiaPeanutCommission,

UniversityofGeorgia-TiftonCampusand GriffinCampus,SouthwestResearch& EducationCenter,AttapulgusResearch& EducationCenter,andtheUSDA AgriculturalResearchServiceNational PeanutResearchLabcoordinatethetour. Visitwww.gapeanuts.comtoregister andviewtourschedule.FormoreinformationcontactSonyaHancockat sonya@gapeanuts.comorcallSonyaat 229-386-3470. t

USAID grant to fund global UGA peanut research

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$15milliongrantfrom theU.S.Agencyon InternationalDevelopment isgivingaboostinfunds tointernationalpeanutresearchatthe UniversityofGeorgia. TheUSAIDgrantawardedtothe UGACollegeofAgriculturaland EnvironmentalScienceswillgotoward managementofthePeanutandMycotoxin InnovationLab,formerlyknownasthe PeanutCollaborativeResearchSupport Programs,orPeanutCRSP.Oneoften innovationlabsinexistence,thelabis designedtohelpprovideessential researchforimpoverishedcountries wherepeoplesufferfrommalnutrition. “Ithinkthepeanutindustryhas alwayshadaninterestinhelpinghumanitariansituations,”saysthegrant’sprincipalinvestigatorSteveBrown,whoisthe

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college’sassistantdeanforextension. “TheUniversityofGeorgiaandthe peanutindustryareproudtohavethis programcenteredoutofthestateof Georgia.Itmeansalottous.” Brownalsowillserveasinterim directorofthePeanutandMycotoxin InnovationLab. Thenewlyfundedprogramwillbe anchoredatUGAandoverthenextfour yearswillfocushelpingfivecountries: Haiti,Ghana,Mozambique,Malawiand Zambia. Oneprojectalreadyintheworkswill lookatmycotoxins,whicharepotenttoxinsproducedbyfungiandfoundinseveralstaplefoodproducts.Theirgoalwillbe tolookforwaystoeliminatethetoxic problem,whichcanbeamajorhealth issueinsomedevelopingcountries. “Thecountrieswearegoingtobe

Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013

workinginarenotandwillneverbecompetitorsoftheU.S.peanutindustry,” Brownsays.“We’retryingtohelpthem crawltheirwayoutofpoverty,andif peanutscanhelpthemdothat,thenwe’re thelogicalonestoleadtheeffort.” ScottAngle,deananddirectorofthe CollegeofAgriculturaland EnvironmentalSciences,saidthePeanut andMycotoxinInnovationLab’sresearch willalsobeappliedinGeorgia. “Itisnotoftenthatwecanhavea trulywin-winprojectsuchasthis,”he says. FormoreaboutthePeanutand MycotoxinInnovationLab,see peanutcrsp.org.Formoreinformationon peanutresearchatUGA,seecaes.uga. edu/commodities/fieldcrops/peanuts.t By ClinT THOmPSOn UniVerSiTy OF GeOrGiA


Peanut politics can sometimes create unpredictable humor Editor’s note: Frank McGill, retired University of Georgia peanut agronomist, shares a lighthearted story regarding the farm bill from the early 1970s.

F

rom1960through1982, historicallysince1941 everyfourorfiveyearsnew farmbills,including peanuts,weredebatedandcraftedatthe Congressionallevel.Ifhistoryisany teacher,wecanexpectsomehot-button peanutpoliticslateronthisyear. Hopefully,therewillbealittlehumorand comedyalongtheway. Takethepeanutbillintheearly‘70s forexample:Mr.Richard(Dick)Nixon waspresident.Mr.EarlButzwasthenew RepublicanSecretaryofAgriculture.Mr. Butzhadrepeatedlymadeitpublicthathe wouldusethepowerofhisofficetophase outthepeanutprogram.(Thisdidnot happenuntil1996.) Earlier,theCivilRightsActhadbeen passed.TheGeorgiaFarmBureauhad receivedasuggestion“thatitwouldbe niceiftheGeorgiafarmdelegationwould includeatleastoneAfricanAmericanto testifyataproposedCongressionalhearing.”Consequently,theGeorgiaFarm

BureauinvitedasmallAfricanAmerican peanutgrowerfromSumterCounty,Ga., tojointheGeorgiadelegationforthe upcomingtestimonyinWashington;his namewas“Willie.” Lateron,Williejoinedourgroupat theAtlantaairportenroutetoWashington totestify.Hewasimpeccablydressed, wearingabluesergesuitwitharazor sharpcreasethatreflectedafluorescent greencolor.ThepresidentoftheGeorgia FarmBureauhadpreviouslytoldWillie, aswellasallothersdesignatedtotestify, “Remember,everywordyouspeakwill berecordedintheCongressionalRecord.” TheotherGeorgiadelegateswerealittle nervoussinceWilliedidn’thavehistestimonywrittendown. Thenextday,allthedelegatesassembledat10a.m.intheCongressionalhearingroom.Testimonies,bothproandcon, wouldbeheardrepresentingeverysegmentoftheU.S.peanutindustry.The atmospherewasfilledwithtension. SecretaryButzwasonethefirsttocongratulatethepresenceofWillieandshook hishand.ThenhesaidtoWillie,“You maybeoneofthosethathasbeencalling mean____.”Williesaid,“No,sir;no,sir

U.S. Representative Bonner to resign from Congress U.S.RepresentativeJo Bonnerhasannouncedhisplans toresignfromCongressthis comingAugust.Hewillbetaking anewly-createdpositionofVice ChancellorforGovernment RelationsandEconomic DevelopmentatTheUniversity ofAlabamaSystem.“Iwasnotlooking foranotherjob;infact,theopportunityto workforTheUniversityofAlabama Systemwasbothunexpectedandcertainlyunsolicited,”Bonnersays.“Moreover,I alsofirmlybelievetherearemanyways youcanserveyourstateandnationwithouthavingyournameonaballot.” BonnersaidservingasU.S. Congressmanforthe1stDistrictof Alabamaforthepastdecadehasbeenone ofthehighesthonorsinhislife.Healso notedthatevenafterheleavesoffice,his

18

officestaffwillremaintoassist withanyissuesuntilsuchtime thatanewrepresentativehasbeen electedbythepeopleofAlabama’s FirstCongressionalDistrict.Itwill beuptoGovernorRobertBentley toannouncethedateforaspecial election. “EventhoughIwasgratefulto,once again,runforreelectionunopposedlast November,bothJanée,mywife,andI haveknownthatthistimewouldoneday come,”Bonnersays,“Butquitefrankly,it hascomesoonerthaneitherofuscould haveanticipated.” Bonnerwillbeworkingintwoareas –GovernmentRelationsandEconomic Development–wherehesaidhisexperiencecanhopefullyhaveanimmediate impact.t

Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013

-notyet!”Weknewthen,weweregoing tobeokaywithWillie’sforthcomingtestimony.Wealsoknewthattheremightbe alittlehumorinanotherwisetensesituation. CongressmanCharlieRosefrom NorthCarolinacalledthehearingtoorder andannouncedthetimelimitsforeach testimony.Ironically,ChairmanRose calledWillieasthefirstonetotestify. Willie,withoutasinglenote,cametothe podiumandsaid, “Mr.Chairman,Iamapeanutfarmer fromSumterCounty,Ga.Ihavetoput everythinginmyownwordsandallIgot tosaythatis,ifMr.Presidentdowhathe saysheisgonnadowithourpeanutprogram,hewilltrulybelivinguptohis nicknameof‘TrickyDick’!” Thewholeroomimmediatelybroke outwithheartylaughterandsomeclappingofhandsfromthosewhowerethere todefendthepeanutprogram. YoucanbeassuredthatWillie’s unpredictableresponsewithhumordid moretoreducethetensioninthatroom thatdaythandidanyothertestimony,pro orcon.t By FrAnk mCGill

Farm Service Agency County Committee nomination period open until August 1 AgricultureSecretaryTomVilsack recentlyannouncedthatthenomination periodforlocalFarmServiceAgency (FSA)countycommitteesareopenuntil August1,2013. TobeeligibletoserveonanFSA countycommittee,apersonmustparticipateorcooperateinaprogramadministeredbyFSA,beeligibletovoteina countycommitteeelectionandresidein thelocaladministrativeareainwhichthe personisacandidate. Officialformsanddetailsregarding countycommitteeelectionsareavailable online,http://www.fsa.usda.gov/elections. Nominationformsforthe2013election mustbepostmarkedorreceivedinthe localUSDAServiceCenterbycloseof businessonAug.1,2013.Electionswill takeplacethisfall.t


Washington Outlook by Robert L. Redding Jr.

Senate approves farm bill

Farm bill defeated on House floor

TheU.S.SenatevotedJune10,2013,toapprove theAgricultureReform,FoodandJobsActof2013,a bipartisanFarmBillauthoredbySenatorDebbie Stabenow,chairwomanoftheU.S.SenateCommittee onAgriculture,NutritionandForestry,andRanking MemberSenatorThadCochran.Thebillwasapproved withbroadbipartisansupportbyavoteof66-27.The bill,whichsavestaxpayersmorethan$24billion,representsthemostsignificantreformofAmericanagriculturepolicyindecades. Thebillreformsfoodandagriculturalpolicyby eliminatingdirectpaymentsandtransitioningto responsibleriskmanagementtoolsforfarmers,saving billionsofdollars.Thefarmbillalsoconsolidatesprogramstoendduplicationandaddressesfraudandmisuseinnutritionprograms.Thesereformsallowforthe strengtheningofkeyinitiativesthathelpfarmersand smallbusinessesreachnewmarketsandcreate Americanjobs. “TheSenatetodayvotedtosupport16million Americanjobs,tosavetaxpayersbillionsandtoimplementthemostsignificantreformstoagricultureprogramsindecades,”ChairwomanStabenowsays.“By eliminatingduplicationandstreamliningprograms,we wereabletosave$24billionwhilestrengtheninginitiativesthathelpfarmersandsmallbusinessesreach newmarkets.Thisbillprovesthatbyworkingacross partylines,wecansavetaxpayermoneyandcreate smartpoliciesthatlaythefoundationforastronger economy.” Stabenowcontinues,“IwanttothankmyRanking MemberSenatorThadCochranforhisleadershipand commitmenttobipartisanpartnership,andallmycolleaguesintheSenateforvotingonbehalfofthe16 millionAmericanjobsthatrelyonarobust,innovative agriculturesector.Ilookforwardtocontinuingtowork inacollaborativeandbipartisanwaytoseethatthis reformbillissignedintolaw.Therecanbenomore kickingthecandowntheroad—it’stimeforCongress tofinishitsworkontheFarmBill.” ToviewacopyoftheAgricultureReform,Food andJobsActof2013,visittheSenateAgriculture Committeewebsiteatwww.ag.senate.gov/issues/farmbill.Asection-by-sectionsummaryofthebillisalso available.TheSenateAgricultureCommitteebillbeing consideredincludesthefollowingpeanutprovisionsin thetabletotheright.

TheU.S.HouseAgricultureCommitteepassed2013FarmBillwas defeatedontheflooroftheHouseofRepresentatives195to234. HouseleadershadhighlightedkeyFederalAgriculturalReformand RiskManagementActorFARRMActprovisionsyetthebillfailedto obtainamajorityvote.TheSouthernPeanutFarmerFederationleaders, includingtheGeorgiaPeanutCommission,conferredwithkeypeanut staterepresentativesonoptionstomovethebillforward. KeyFARRMprovisionsoftheHousefarmbillinclude: • FARRMsavestaxpayers$40billion,including$6billionin sequestration. • FARRMrepealsorconsolidatesmorethan100programs administeredbyUSDA,includingDirectPaymentstofarmers. • FARRMistheproductofthreeyearsofdebateandover40 hearings,includingatwo-yearauditofeveryfarmbillprogram. • WithoutpassageofFARRM,nobudgetsavingswillbe achievedbeyondsequestration.FoodStampsareexemptfromsequestration.FailuretopassFARRMmeansthestatusquoforFoodStamps. HouseAgricultureCommitteeleadersareevaluatingnextstepsfor thelegislationthatexpiresonSeptember30,2013.TheUniversityof Georgia’sNationalCenterforPeanutCompetitivenesshasoutlinedprovisionsspecifictopeanutproducersintheU.S.HouseAgriculture Committeepassed2013FarmBill.

USDA announces loan rates for 2013 peanut crop USDA’sCommodityCreditCorporation(CCC)recently announced2013-croploanratesforfourtypesofpeanuts.CCCcalculatedthepricesupportlevelsforeachpeanuttypeusingthesame methodaslastyear. CCCusesthenationalaverageloanrateof$355pertonandfiveyearaveragequalityfactors,alongwithathree-yearsimpleaverage weightedproduction.TheratestakeeffectAug.1,2013,thebeginning ofthepeanutcropyear.Foranaveragegradetonof2013-croppeanuts, loanlevelsbytypeare: Runner-typepeanuts $354.74perton Spanish-typepeanuts $334.93perton Valencia-typepeanuts $358.38perton Virginia-typepeanuts $358.38perton CCCappliespremiumsanddiscountsforqualityfactorstocomputetheloanvalueforanindividualtonofpeanuts.Theactualloan leveldependsonthepercentofvarioussizesofkernelsineachton. CCCusesthepercentageofsoundmaturekernels(SMK)andsound splits(SS)tocomputethebasicloanvalueoftheload. ForeachpercentofSMKinatonofpeanuts,pluseachpercentof SS,theloanlevelsare:Runner-typepeanuts -$4.845perpercent, Spanish-typepeanuts-$4.821perpercent,Valencia-typepeanuts$5.322perpercentandVirginia-typepeanuts-$4.942perpercent.

Legislative Updates available online at www.americanpeanuts.com

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer July/August 2013


U.S. Senate Agriculture Committee and U.S. House of Representatives Agriculture Committee Farm Bill Peanut Provisions Peanut Provisions

2013 U.S. Senate Ag Committee

2013 U.S. House Ag Committee

Direct Payments

Eliminated

Eliminated

Target Price (TP)/Reference Price

$523.77

$535

Counter-Cyclical

Eliminated

Eliminated

Adverse Market Payments

Paid if the 12 month marketing year price is below reference price on 85% of base

Not included in House Bill

Base

Same as in 2008 Farm Bill. Current peanut base holders have an option to adjust but total farm base cannot be increased. 2009-2012 crop years to be used for adjustment.

Sum of the base acreage for all covered commodities and cotton on a farm

Payment Yield

Same as in 2008 Farm Bill. If peanut base holder adjusts their peanut base, Secretary will automatically adjust payment yield based on 2009-2012 crop years.

Same as in 2008 Farm Bill. New peanut producers without a peanut payment yield will have one established. Payment yield can be adjusted to 90% of the 2008-2012 crop years average yield for PLC payments.

Payment Acres

85% of planted acres plus 30% of prevented planted acres for given year by crop. Sum of payment acres by covered commodity cannot exceed the farm base acres.

Average Crop Revenue Election Program

Eliminated

Eliminated

Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC)

Must make a 1 time decision whether to take the individual farm level coverage or county level coverage

Not included in House Bill

ARC payment

Paid if actual crop revenue is less than agricultural risk coverage guarantee on planted eligible acres

Not included in House Bill

Farm Risk Management Election

Not included in Senate Bill

Producer must decide whether to take Price Loss Coverae or REvenue Loss Coverage (Producer Choice).

Price Loss Coverage (PLC)

Payments if effective price is less than reference price and paid on payment acres.

Revenue Loss Coverage (RLC)

Payment if actual county revenue is less than the county revenue loss coverage trigger and paid on payment acres.

Marketing Assistance Loan

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Loan Deficiency Payments/Marketing Loan Gains

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Storage, Handling and Associated Costs

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Peanut Revenue Crop Insurance Program

Mandating RMA to implement the program for the 2014 crop

Mandating RMA to implement the program for the 2014 crop

Payment Limits

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Same as 2008 Farm Bill

Payment Limit on AMP and ARC

$50,000

Payment Limit on PLC & RLC

$125,000

Payment Limit on CCP

Eliminated

Eliminated

Payment Limit on DP

Eliminated

Eliminated

Payment Limit on MLG/LDP

$75,000

Same as 2008 Bill

Adjusted Gross Income Limitation

3 year average AGI exceeds $750,000

3 year average of total AGI exceeds $950,000

Chart provided by the University of Georgia National Center for Peanut Competitiveness. July/August 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Southern Peanut Growers Create memories in the kitchen this summer with these five family-friendly peanut butter recipes Southern Peanut Growers shares winning recipe from “PB My Kid’s Way” contest TheSouthernPeanutGrowersoffersfivefunrecipesforfamiliestomaketogether.Thepeanutbuttercreationsweresubmitted byfamiliesacrossthecountryinthePBMyKidsWayrecipecontest–frommarshmallowcowstoapeanutbutteryparfaitandreinvented“hotdogs,”thesewinningrecipesaresuretosparktheinterestofchildrenandadultsalike.Allfiverecipesareavailableat www.peanutbutterlovers.com. No-Bake PB Energy Squares Submitted by Carlene from Illinois Onebatchoftheseenergysquareswill feedthewholefamily,andwithadeliciouslychewytextureandpeanutbuttery flavor,theyaresuretoprovideaboostfor theafternoonlull.

Grand Prize Winner

Finalists

Jammin’ Peanut Butter Sundae Parfait Submitted by Laurie from Massachusetts Becausethisparfaithasmultipleelements –apeanutbutterbrownie,saltedpeanut buttercaramelsauceand “jammin’grapesauce”– youcanchoosetomakethe brownieasastand-alone snackorgoallthewaywith thesundaeparfait.“My familygoesabsolutelynuts –Imeanpeanutsforthis recipe!Thisrecipeisfancy enoughforcompany,but canalsobeservedinpaper cupsinthebackyardfor somecomfortfood,”Laurie says.

Cows Out to Pasture Submitted by James from Illinois Thisrecipenotonlytastesdelicious,but isaperfectafternooncraftprojectforthe family.Justputtheingredientsintobowls ordishes,andeveryonecan createtheirowncowsin thepasture.

Marketing arm of

Peanut Butter Cookie Oatmeal Submitted by Jen from Pennsylvania Don’tbefooledbythename–thisoatmealmaytastelikeacookie,butpacksa healthypunch.Familymemberscancustomizetheoatmealwithingredientssuch asbananas,maplesyrupormilk.

PBB&B Dogs Submitted by Rick from Washington Thisbanana“hotdog”providesallthefun,butwitha healthypeanuttytwist, whetheryou’reinyour backyardoronthego.

Southern Peanut Growers 1025 Sugar Pike Way · Canton, Georgia 30115 (770) 751-6615 · FAX (770) 751-6417 email: lpwagner@comcast.net Visit our Web site at http://www.peanutbutterlovers.com


Georgia Peanut Commission pledges $50,000 towards University of Georgia research endowment

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heGeorgiaPeanut Commissionrecently pledged$50,000towards thenewlycreated UniversityofGeorgiaPeanutTeam ResearchEndowment.Thisisthefirst everpeanutendowmentforresearchcreatedatUGA. Theendowmentwasinitiallymade possiblethroughadonationbythe GeorgiaFederal-StateInspectionService.

How to give to the UGA Peanut Team Research Endowment? Contact: Niki Coody Major Gift Officer UGA Tifton Campus Phone: 229-386-3207 Email: nikinew@uga.edu

OtherdonorstodateincludeDamascus PeanutCompany. TheGeorgiaPeanutCommission planstodonate$5,000peryearovera ten-yearperiodtotheendowment. “TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionis proudtosupportthefutureofpeanut researchatUGAthroughthislong-term commitmenttotheendowment,” says DonaldChase,GeorgiaPeanut Commissionresearchcommitteechairman.“Asfundscontinuetoshrinkfrom statesupport,itiscriticalforthepeanut industrytofocusonwaystocontinue supportingresearch.Theendowmentis onewaytosupportresearchandissues thatmayariseinthefuture.” “Farmersarecommittedtomaking investmentsforthefutureofpeanut research,” Chaseadds.“Thisinvestment andpartnershipwithadditionaldonors willdefinitelypayrewardstofarmers longintothefuture.” Theendowmentprovidesanew

opportunityfortheUGAPeanutTeam withasourceoffundsthatiscontinuouslyavailablewithoutaterminationpoint. Thisisdifferentfromresearchgrants peanutteammemberscurrentlyreceive. Theresearchgrantsusuallyhavespecific requirementsandastartingandending pointfortheresearch. “ThedonationfromtheGeorgia PeanutCommissionisatremendouscommitmenttotheUGA peanutteamintheir researchandextensionprogramfromthe growersinthestate,”saysJohnBeasley, UGAExtensionpeanutagronomist.“The donationshowshowtheyvaluetheresults andfinancialimpactofpeanutresearchin Georgia.Wegreatlyappreciatethecommitmentofthesefundsinthesupportof theendowment.” Earlierthisyear,theGeorgiaPeanut Commissionboardofdirectorsapproved $292,500innewresearchprojectfunding forthe2013-14researchbudgetyear.t By JOy CrOSBy

Introducing the peanut novelty items including . . . belts, money clips, wallets, key chains, photo frames, and more.

To place an order, contact: Georgia Peanut Commission Phone: 229-386-3470 Email: info@gapeanuts.com Website: www.gapeanuts.com Click on Photo Gallery to view photos of Georgia Peanut Commission Gift Shop items. July/August 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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September 17 - 19, 2013 Valdosta, Ga. & Surrounding Area

For more information contact: Georgia Peanut Commission P.O. Box 967, Tifton GA 31793 Phone: 229-386-3470 Fax: 229-386-3501 Email: sonya@gapeanuts.com http://www.gapeanuts.com

Tour Coordinated By: GEORGIA PEANUT COMMISSION UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA Tifton Campus and Griffin Campus Southwest Research and Education Center Attapulgus Research and Education Center USDA/ARS, NATIONAL PEANUT RESEARCH LAB

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer - July/Aug 2013  

Southeastern Peanut Farmer - July/Aug 2013