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ISSN 0146-9312

No. 15 FALL 1979 OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE WORLD SHIP TRUST PROJECT

CONTENTS 4 LETTERS 9 THE ELISSA: THE LONG SEA CAREER, Peter Stanford 12

THE PURCHASE OF A SHIP, Peter Throckmorton

13

THE SHIP SAVERS

15

THE DREAM, Michael Creamer

16

THE RESTORATION, Walter P. Rybka

22

GALVESTON WHEN ELISSA FIRST ARRIVED, Pamela Buckley

25 SIR FRANCIS DRAKE REVIVED 26 OPERATION DRAKE SAILS ON, Michael Wright 30 THE MEN WHO STOLE THE STARS, George F. Bass 36 AT SEA IN THE PRIDE OF BALTIMORE, Wm. Gilkerson 40 A MEMOIR OF CAPTAIN ARCHIE HORKA, Oswald L. Brett 44 THE NIANTIC: PARTICIPANT IN CREATING A NEW CALIFORNIA, James P. Delgado 46

THE NIANTIC OBSERVED, William A. Baker

47 SHIP NOTES: TRADE WINDS, Michael Gillen 49

THE EDNA E. LOCKWOOD RELAUNCHED. R.J. Holt

52

MOSHULU'S CAPT. McDONALD ON HIS 99th BIRTHDAY, Karen Love

54 MARINE ART: A RESEARCH PROJECT, Raymond D. White 58 BOOKS: THE BOOK LOCKER, Alfred T. Hill 66 CHRISTMAS IN THE FO'C'SLE, Fred K. Klebingat SEA HISTORY is the journal of the National Maritime Historical Society, an educational, tax-exempt membership organization devoted to furthering the understanding of our maritime heritage. Copyright © 1979 by the National Maritime -Historical Society. OFFICE: 2 Fulton St., Brooklyn, NY 11201. MEMBERSHIP is invited and should be sent to rhe Brooklyn office: Sponsor, $1,000; Patron, $100; Fami ly, $15; Regular, $10; Student or Retired, $5. CONTRIBUTIONS may be made for any recognized project. Make out checks "NMHSShip Trust," indicating on the check the project to which you wish support to be directed. OFFICERS & TRUSTEES are Chairman: Admiral John M. Will, USN (ret.); President: Peter Stanford; Vice Presidents: Karl Kortum, John Thurman; Secretary: Alan G. Choate; Treasurer: F. Briggs Dalzell; Trustees: Frank 0. Braynard, Norman J. Brouwer, Robert Carl, Alan G. Choate, F. Briggs Dalzell, Harold D. Huycke, Barbara Johnson, James F. Kirk, Karl Kortum, Edward J. Pierson, Kenneth D. Reynard, Walter F. Schlech, Jr., Howard Slotnick,

Peter Stanford, John N. Thurman, Shannon Wall, Barclay H. Warburton lll, John M. Will, Charles Wittholz; President Emeritus: Alan D. Hutchinson .

EDITOR'S LOG Of Elissa's return to Galveston one may simply note: what loyalties she commanded-and commands! The story is one of everyone doing their part, and it has a happy ending (really a beginning) in the funding award made from the Maritime Heritage Fund adopted at the in. itiative of this Society and reported in these pages just over a ye\ir ago. Other ships we campaigned for to secure this fund did not receive any support-the Alvin Clark, in need of immediate emergency aid in Michigan; the Ernestina/Morrissey in the Cape Verde Islands; the Vicar of Bray, last surviving Gold Rush ship in the Falkland Islands. And not one of the three historic square riggers afloat under sail in the United States today-Regina Maris, Unicorn, Gaze/a Primeiro-received support, though their sailing keeps alive an utterly vital experience. There is a tendency for government funding to flow to those who make a project of procuring funding, rather than to those doing the real work in the field. Some projects that received support from the Maritime Heritage Fund smell more of grantsmanship than of salt or fresh water. Others, however desirable, do not have the element of emergency need for which this fund was conceived by this Society and adopted by the US Congress. Clearly the fault is in implementation. Let us work to correct that fault. The people of this Society must develop their views on these matters and gain support to press home those views. PS

ADVISORS: Chairman: Frank 0. Braynard; Oswald L. Brett, George Campbell, Frank G. G. Carr, Harry Dring, Joseph L. Farr, Timothy G. Foote, Richard Goold-Adams, Robert G. Herbert, Melvin H. Jackson, R. C. Jefferson, Irving M . John son , John Kemble, Clifford Lord , Conrad Milster, John Noble, Capt. David E . Perkins, USCG (ret.), Ralph L. Snow , John Stobart, Albert Swanson , Peter Throckmorton , Alan Villiers, Robert A. Weinstein , Alen York. SHIP TRUST COMMITTEE: International Chairman, Frank Carr; Chairman, Peter Stanford; George Bass; Karl Kortum; Richard Rath; Barclay H . Warburton, III; Senior Advisor, Irving M. Johnson. SEA HISTORY STAFF Editor, Peter Stanford; Managing Editor, Norma Stanford; Associate Editors, Norman J. Brouwer, Francis J. Duffy, Beth Haskell, Ray Heitzmann, Albert Swanson; Advertising Sales, Cynthia Goulder; Circulation, Jo Mei sner; Membership, Marie Lore.

COVER: The bark Elissa sets forth from Galveston, Texas in September 1886 in this powerful harbor scene by the renowned artist John Stobart. The painting is shown here through the generosity of the artist and the courtesy of Kennedy Galleries, New York.

Sea History 015 - Autumn 1979  

9 THE ELISSA: THE LONG SEA CAREER, Peter Stanford • 12 THE PURCHASE OF A SHIP, Peter Throckmorton • 15 THE DREAM, Michael Creamer • 16 THE R...

Sea History 015 - Autumn 1979  

9 THE ELISSA: THE LONG SEA CAREER, Peter Stanford • 12 THE PURCHASE OF A SHIP, Peter Throckmorton • 15 THE DREAM, Michael Creamer • 16 THE R...