Connector 2017 fall edition

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16 Prevent Over Exposure in Rental Agreements 22 Decking Dilemmas in the Wind 34 Best Safety Practices



system, which utilizes the PunchLok® II tool to achieve higher shear values at less cost through high-quality side lap attachments.

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FALL EDITION November 2017

FEATURES Management


Equipment Rental Agreements Review indemnification clauses to prevent over exposure By Stephen Safran

In the Field


Decking Dilemma

28 Cover Story One-of-a-Kind Government Jobs

Keeping your deck installation crew safe when it's too windy to work By Lucy Perry


Towering steel structures required precision and extreme quality tolerances By TIna Cauller

Special Focus

Two winning projects of the year at opposite ends of the spectrum in terms of size and scope shared common challenges. On the cover: S&R Enterpirises ironworker Allen List uses a nearly-four-foot-long wrench during installation of the large work platforms in Vehicle Assembly Building High Bay 3 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Best Practices for Safe Construction Sites A look back at SEAA Safety Flash Topics from 2017

Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky. ONLINE HIGHLIGHTS QQOSHA to delay Crane Operator Certification QQGolfers Raise Money for Training Grants QQSEAA Confirms President Elect, Board Members for 2017-2019 QQTopping Out by December 31? Submit Project of the Year

Check out our latest social media feeds. See more photos of



DEPARTMENTS 8 10 12 36

Perspective Association News Product Focus: Fall Protection Business Operations 38 Topping Out SEAA Mission Statement The Steel Erectors Association of America (SEAA) is dedicated to advancing the common interests and needs of all engaged in building with steel. The Association’s objectives in achieving this goal include the promotion of safety, education and training programs for steel erector trades, development and promotion of standards and cooperation with others in activities which impact the commercial construction business.

Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 5


Membership in Steel Erectors Association of America provides Safety, Education, and Productivity benefits for its members. As a trade association representing Steel Erectors, Fabricators, General Contractors, and Vendors, businesses with complementary interests gain invaluable opportunities to learn from each other.

SEAA is the only national trade association representing the interests of steel erectors, fabricators, and related service providers. Connector reaches both small and large contractors working in union and open labor markets.

Your Industry No other national association represents the unique interests of all steel erectors and fabricators. Members are experts in construction of commercial buildings, arenas, bridges, and highway structures. Network with other industry professionals at the Anuual Covention, golf tournaments, member events and training classes.

Improve Safety and Productivity Members have access to custom Ironworker Craft Training Curriculum. Studies show 24% of businesses experience lower productivity due to the lack of skilled ironworkers and welders. A better trained workforce delivers lower accidents rates, higher productivity, and increased profits.

Accredited Credentials at Reduced Cost SEAA’s NCCER sponsorship means your company can provide industry-recognized credentials to your employees with the benefit of SEAA adminstrative support and at a lower cost to members than going direct through NCCER.

Competitive Advantage SEAA’s U.S. Department of Labor-approved Ironworker Apprenticeship Program allows members to create formal training that meets standards recognized by Federal and State governments. Pariticipation allows merit shop contractors to utilize government approved apprenticeship rates on Davis Bacon Wage Projects.

Influence Industry Standards SEAA strategic partnerships with industry groups provides your company with industry represnetation with American Institute of Steel Construction, Steel Joist Institute, Steel Deck Institute, National Institute of Steel Detailing, and others.

Join by calling the SEAA office 336-294-8880 or visit Discover why a SEAA Membership is a good investment for your business.


Steel Erectors Association of America Piedmont Leaf Lofts 401 E. 4th Street, #204 Winston-Salem, NC 27101-4171 336-294-8880 OFFICERS & EXECUTIVE STAFF Josh Cilley, President David Schulz, VP, Industry Representative Carrie Sopuch-Gulajan, VP, Associate Representative Geoffrey Kress, Treasurer Chris Legnon, Secretary and Media Committee Chairman Tom Underhill, Executive Director PUBLISHING PARTNER Chris Harrison, Publisher Phone 660-287-7660 Tracy Bennett, Managing Editor Phone 816-536-7903 Eileen Kwiatkowski, Art Director MEDIA ADVISORY COMMITTEE Chris Legnon, Fabricators, Cooper Steel Jim Simonson, Fabricators, Steel Service Josh Cilley, Erectors, American Steel & Precast Erectors and Buckner Steel Erection Glen Pisani, Erectors, MAS Building & Bridge Bryan McClure, Safety, MSC Safety Solutions Connector™ is published quarterly by the Steel Erectors Association of America, 401 E. 4th Street, #204, Winston-Salem, NC 27101-4171. Copyright 2017 by the Steel Erectors Association of America. No material may be reprinted without permission from the Executive Director. While the information and recommendations contained in this publication have been compiled from sources believed to be reliable, the Steel Erectors Association of America, its affiliates, employees, contributors, writers, editors, designers, photographers, and media advisory committee, makes no guarantee as to, and assumes no responsibility for, the correctness, sufficiency or completeness of such information or recommendations and cannot be held responsible for the outcome of any action or decision based on the information contained in this publication or claims made by advertisers. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without prior written permission of the Publisher. Permission is only deemed valid if approval is in writing.

Project of the Year 2017 NATIONAL AWARDS PROGRAM Sponsored by

Steel Erectors Association of America

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS The Steel Erectors Association of America (SEAA) is soliciting nominations for the 2017 Project of the Year (POY) Award. The Project of the Year Award is presented to a project that highlights a major accomplishment members have made over the past year. There are (4) Class categories.

• Class I: Erection Contract of up to $500K • Class II: Erection Contract of $500K to $1 Mil

• Class III: Erection Contract of $1 Mil to $2.5 Mil • Class IV: Erection Contract of $2.5 Mil and above

SEAA will announce the 2017 winners at their 46th Annual Convention & Trade Show, set for April 25-27, 2018 in Greensboro, NC. Visit to download the program and nomination forms. The competition is open from January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Nominations must be postmarked by 3/1/18 to be eligible.

MAIL NOMINATIONS TO: SEAA POY Awards Program Piedmont Leaf Lofts 401 E. 4th St., Suite 204 Winston-Salem, NC 27101 Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 7


By Josh Cilley

Working for the Interests of all Erectors


oncerns over skilled labor shortages are never far from mind for owners and managers of steel erection companies. During last year’s Presidential Election Race, these critical workforce issues were finally given the attention they deserve by people outside the construction community. A strong economy, proposed federal infrastructure investments, and now recovery from a series of serious natural disasters, only compounds the problem and spotlights how volatile our labor market really is. I reiterate these points as a reminder for a few reasons. First, steel erectors will need to continue to do more with less, forcing contractors to get creative and more efficient in overcoming labor-schedule challenges. We need to constantly be feeding the skilled worker pipeline, which includes developing the next generation of leaders within our companies. Several articles in this issue provide insight into these common challenges we are all facing. A generation of Millennials and those coming behind them must be tapped and plugged into the construction workforce. Understanding how to motivate and communicate with Millennials is key to making them a productive part of the team. To do more with less, you first need to know your goals and communicate them so that everyone in your company is on board. Given the proper guidance and support, people like to perform well and feel accomplished. The next generation is no exception. But, management styles from the past may no longer be effective. It’s possible the old dogs might have to learn new tricks to remain successful in business. Meanwhile, productivity and profitability should never come at the cost of safety. An article from Geoff Kress, one of our long-time board members, demonstrates the value in taking the lead on safety issues. Where no standard existed for safe working conditions, Gardner-Watson

Decking established decking installation procedures and criteria for working in adverse conditions. This is a fine example of a company stepping up, thinking outside of the box, and putting a plan into action. In the true spirit of cooperation with fellow members, they have shared their expertise so that others might benefit. I think that if you take the time to read their valuable feedback, you’ll learn something. I certainly did, even after almost 30 years in the business. Hand-in-hand with establishing best practices is keeping an eye on your liability exposure. An article on indemnification clauses in equipment rental contracts is a good reminder that equal focus should be placed on reviewing smaller, miscellaneous contracts as on the primary contracts with GCs. Similarly, I have one last piece of information I’d like to share as it relates to possible exposure for the steel erection community. Recently the SEAA Board of Directors was made aware of indemnification and insurance language contained within the AISC Certification program requirements. Representing the interests of all its members, SEAA reached out to AISC to express our concerns. SEAA’s Executive Director, several board members, and our legal counsel met with AISC’s President and his team to explain our concerns and work through a solution. SEAA values its partnerships with other industry organizations. It was through this collaborative effort that we were able to modify the requirements to satisfy our membership’s concerns, as well as provide satisfactory coverage for AISC. I’d like to thank Charlie Carter and his team for working diligently to make this happen in a short period of time. Efforts like this and articles like the ones in this issue demonstrate the real value of membership in SEAA. If you receive this publication and your company is not a member of SEAA, I encourage you to consider joining. Find more information on the Member tab at Many of the benefits are intangible—shared ideas that improve productivity and safety, reduce risk, expand your business network, and make you better managers and leaders.

“Discover the real value of SEAA membership: Networking, Advocacy, and Shared Best Practices”

Josh Cilley is the 2016-2018 president of the Steel Erectors Association of America. He also leads American Steel & Precast Erectors in New Hampshire and Buckner Steel Erectors in North Carolina, serving as president to both steel erection companies. 8 | THE STEEL ERECTORS ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA

Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 9


■■SEAA & AISC Work to Improve

■■New Board Member Approved

SEAA and the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) have worked together to draft a reciprocal indemnity agreement and revise the additional insured language as part of AISC’s Certified Steel Erector program requirements. The reciprocal indemnity and revised additional insured language is mutually beneficial to both AISC and steel erectors participating in the Certified Steel Erector program. “Before, the indemnification clause only protected AISC; now it goes both ways, with each party indemnifying each other,” explained Mark Trimble, AISC’s Vice President of Certification. Steel erectors will still be required to name AISC as an additional insured. However, the revised additional insured requirement is narrowly tailored to situations involving third party liability (i.e., personal injury lawsuit). The reciprocal indemnity language assures both steel erectors and AISC that they will not be liable for the other party’s acts or omissions as part of the Certified Steel Erector program. Overall, this collaborative effort improves the AISC Certified Steel Erector program and strengthens the relationship between AISC and the steel erection industry. AISC’s certification program for erectors is designed to make sure quality is built-in from the start of a project. “AISC Certification goes far beyond product inspection requirements—it examines a company’s quality management systems as a whole,” Trimble explained. “The program results in a quality management system embedded within an organization to increase productivity, which helps to reduce unnecessary costs and ensure the quality of processes,” he said. “SEAA values its partnerships with other industry organizations. It was through this collaborative effort that we were able to modify the requirements to satisfy our membership’s concerns, as well as provide satisfactory coverage for AISC. I’d like to thank Charlie Carter, president of AISC, and his team for working diligently to make this happen in a short period of time,” said Josh Cilley, president of SEAA.

The SEAA Board of Directors announces that it has elected Nicholas Morgan, President of Adaptive Construction Solutions, Houston, Texas, to fill an open position on the board. Morgan replaces long-time board member Ed Valencia, who has left the industry to pursue a career with an industrial general contractor. Morgan’s term is 2017-2019. Morgan, who is a U.S. Army Veteran and also owner and president of a property and casualty insurance agency, has assembled a team of military professionals who are leveraging their experience to help transitioning military service members into civilian careers. ACS partners with employers to developed skilled ironworkers. “The Board of Directors thanks Ed for his many years of service, especially guiding our safety and health initiatives,” said Josh Cilley, President. “Nick brings a unique skill set to the association. We look forward to tapping his recruiting, training, and retention expertise as we look to develop skilled ironworkers for the industry,” he said. In a letter to the SEAA Board of Directors, Valencia expressed his appreciation to the association and former employer. He wrote: “It comes with great regret that I must step down from the SEAA Board of Directors and the association. My wife and I had an opportunity to move back to Colorado to be with our family. Most of you know, when it comes to my priorities, nothing surpasses my family. I have taken a position as the Safety Director for Casey Industrial, an industrial general contractor in Westminster, Colo. It has been an honor serving on the SEAA Board of Directors and on the Safety Committee.”

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A steel erection crew member uses the MSA Latchways Leading Edge SRL, designed to protect workers where, in the event of a fall, there is potential for the lifeline to come in contact with the edge. The integral energy-absorber prevents the lifeline from separating when contacting the edge and remains intact while arresting the fall. Photo provided by MSA Safety.


Latchways Personal Rescue Device (PRD) with EVOTECH® Full-Body Harness

Safety Latchways Products

MSA Safety, Pittsburgh, Pa., has launched several products in its Latchways line. The 6.5-foot Arc Flash personal fall limiter (PFL) eliminates an external energy-absorber, making it the smallest self-retracting lanyard in its class. It has a clear casing for easy visual inspection, and provides a fully rotating attachment point, both 360° and 180°. The Leading-Edge SRL includes an energy-absorber which ensures the lifeline remains intact in a fall over a sharp edge. It is designed with Constant Force technology and the Full Contact locking mechanism which safeguards against freeze, hang-up, or corrosion. The Latchways Personal Rescue Device (PRD) with Evotech full-body harness allows for self-rescue in a fall. Lightweight and contained in a small backpack attached to the full-body harness, the PRD is used with a fall-protection system or anchor point. MSA V-TEC 20-ft. cable SRL incorporates spring radial technology, the newest method of energy-absorption in self-retracting devices. The pre-engineered energy-absorber does not require calibration or adjustment. With new retraction-dampening technology, the device prevents excessive lifeline retraction speed that causes premature and accidental load indicator deployment.



FallProtection Devices

DBI-SALA 5 lb. lanyard, SRL, and harness

3M and Capital Safety, Bloomington, Minn., introduce the 5-lb. retractable tool lanyard from DBI-Sala, which keeps tools weighing up to 5 lbs. securely tethered. A swivel-top housing connection point rotates with worker’s motion to reduce line twisting, and dual-action self-locking carabiners help prevent accidental disconnections or carabiner rollout. The EZ-Link Quick SRL adapter quickens and simplifies the action of connecting and disconnecting the user to a personal SLR. Trilock Revolver connectors lock down loose ends, and the device stores additional excess webbing as it provides an extra layer of security around the legs. The Nano-lok SRL with leading-edge capability (SRL-LE) is specifically designed for foot level tie-off and sharp edge applications. Available in single and twin-leg units, the SRL features an easy-to-install connector that provides 360 degrees of rotation, and seamless energyabsorber integration.

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Beamer 2000+ trailing beam anchor


Halo cable self-retracting lifeline (SRL), the Beamer 2000+ trailing beam anchor, and the Halo construction harness are among the newest products from Guardian Fall Protection, Kent, Wash. The Halo cable SRL-LE is designed for leading-edge applications, and approved for foot-level attachment points. The integrated shock-absorbing component reduces impact forces on the cable where it contacts an edge, ensuring the cable maintains integrity in a fall. Available in lengths ranging from 20 to 65 feet, the SRL includes a swivel top, carabiner, and impact-indicating steel snap hook to determine if it has been in a previous fall. The Beamer 2000+, compatible with both overhead and foot-level applications, features a top-mounted latch adjustment and a positive engagement locking system. A galvanized D-ring slides, pivots, and swivels to eliminate snags and maintain connector orientation. The trailing beam anchor works with beams from 3.5 to 14 inches in width and flanges up to 1.25 inches thick.



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Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 13


Dynamics swivel anchors and harnesses Malta Dynamics, Malta, Ohio, had added a swivel anchor; arm strap; and full-body harness to its fall-protection product line. The 10K Swivel Anchor (A7400) can be used on steel flanges while the A7400c is designed for use in concrete. This anchor rotates 360° and flips 180°. It has a safe working load of 2,000 lbs., and an ultimate breaking strength of 10,000 lbs. The devices’ worker capacity range is 130 to 420 lbs. The anchorage point on Malta’s new cross arm strap can be looped over any suitable structure. A heavy-duty wear pad protects the structural webbing against abrasion. It has standard and large D-rings for easy pass-thru. Worker capacity range for the device is 130 to 310 lbs. The new Warthog MAXX comfort construction harness with belt and D-rings features additional padding on the shoulders, back, waist, and legs, and meets all applicable ANSI and OSHA standards. The Pygmy Hog SRL is manufactured with a Dyneema fiber lifeline. The lightweight SRL is portable and can be used either in mobile or stationary applications. Available with a variety of connector configurations, it is built to work as a single unit, or dual unit system when used with an authorized connector. It has a carabiner and steel snap hook or peri form hook, and fits in the palm of a hand.

Pygmy Hog self-retracting lanyard (SRL)



Overhead Anchors from Mazzella

Mazzella Companies, Cleveland, Ohio, offers the X1240 Grabber® Mobile Fall Protection System, which provides two overhead anchor points – anytime, anywhere. The Grabber® meets OSHA fall protection codes and ANSI Z359.6 design requirements for fall arrest systems, and has been validated by an independent 3rd party ISO 17025 testing laboratory. The Grabber® is designed to be used in either fall arrest or fall restraint and features a one-of-a-kind adjustable mast that can be positioned anywhere between 2 ft. and the unprecedented maximum height of 30 ft.

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Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 15


Stephen Safran

Equipment Rental Agreements Review indemnification clauses to prevent over exposure

"State laws limiting indemnity clauses in construction contracts that indemnify another party for its own negligence do not apply to equipment rental agreements."


he need for equipment is a constant if you work in the construction industry, no matter the size of your business. Companies have several options when it comes to acquiring equipment including purchasing, leasing, or renting. There are business and financial considerations that can determine whether leasing or renting is the right choice for your business. If your business requires equipment to be upgraded every few years for technological or other reasons, leasing is a good option to maximize equipment turnover while minimizing expenses. If your business has limited capital, leasing may help better manage cashflow by providing a consistent line-item for long-term budgeting and potentially being tax-deductible.

Stephen Safran is an associate with Safran Law Offices, a full-service law firm located in Raleigh, N.C., serving the local, regional, and national construction industry for more than 30 years. More at

However, when your business only requires equipment on a short-term basis, you may find that the benefits of renting outweigh those of leasing. Knowing the differences between each type of agreement, as well as the terms and conditions contained therein, can help companies manage current and future projects, and promote future growth of the company.

such clauses to avoid assuming too much risk. To boil it down, indemnification is where one party agrees to hold another party harmless for certain claims, losses, or damages. In the construction industry, the owner is going to require indemnification by the contractor, and the contractor will, in turn, require indemnification from the subcontractor. In the context of rental agreements, the lessor (owner of the equipment) will require indemnification by the renter (person or company renting the equipment) to avoid damages resulting from renter’s use or possession of the equipment.

Don’t assume too much risk

Carefully read “hold harmless” statements

Whether leasing or renting equipment, contractors must avoid signing agreements without understanding the terms and conditions of the contract. While sorting through the legal jargon may make heads spin, unfamiliarity with the terms of an agreement can create risks in excess of the rental cost or even the value of the equipment. One area of concern found in most equipment agreements is indemnification or “hold harmless” clauses. Contractors need to understand the types of indemnity language and how to negotiate

Indemnification clauses vary in every contract, and while they may contain similar language, it’s uncommon to see two exactly alike. However, there are common points to look for in every indemnification clause, regardless of whether you’re leasing or renting. First, indemnification clauses should be mutual. If you’re indemnifying another party for your negligence, they should indemnify you for theirs. Strike any language that states or implies that you will indemnify another party for their own negligence. In other words,


Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 17

the renter should only indemnify the lessor from claims, losses, or damages caused by the renter’s sole negligence. To illustrate the importance of a few words in an indemnification clause, here are two examples of such clauses in rental agreements. One of these clauses favors the lessor while the other works better for the lessee. Can you tell the difference? 1. To the fullest extent permitted by law, lessee shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless lessor from and against any and all claims, losses, or damages caused by lessee's possession, use, or operation of the equipment; provided, however, that lessee shall not be required to indemnify the lessor to the extent a claim arises out of any negligent act or omission of the lessor. 
 2. Lessee shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless lessor from and against any and all claims, losses, or damages caused, in whole or in part, by lessee's possession, use, or operation of the equipment.

Consider these scenarios A rental company was sued by a worker who was injured when a truss fell from a negligently operated crane on a construction project. The project’s contractor leased both the crane and the operator from the rental company. The rental agreement contained an indemnity clause wherein the contractor agreed to indemnify the rental company for damages whether or not the claim resulted in whole or in part from the contractor’s negligence. Due to the language of the indemnity clause, the contractor faced substantial liability even if its negligence was a small contributing factor to the worker’s injury. The negligence of the rental company and its operator was apparent, and therefore an indemnity clause similar to clause #1 above would have foreclosed the contractor’s duty to indemnify the rental company unless the sole negligence of the contractor were the cause of the injury. In another case, a worker was injured when a “come-along,” a lifting device used to lift, hold and then lower an elevator car under repair, failed and caused the elevator to fall down the shaft. The contractor had requested a 3-ton come-along, but the rental company had only provided a half-ton capacity come-along. The rental company asserted that the indemnification clause in the rental agreement required that the contractor indemnify the rental company despite its own negligence. Because the indemnification clause did not clearly undertake to indemnify the rental company from its own negligence, the court dismissed the rental company’s claim against the contractor. If the rental agreement had contained language similar to clause #2 above, the court likely would have upheld the rental company’s indemnity claim against the contractor. One final reminder. Although the majority of states have adopted laws limiting indemnity clauses that purport to require you to indemnify someone else for their own negligence in construction contracts, these laws do not apply to equipment rental agreements. Because one cannot rely on state laws to protect them from broad indemnity clauses in rental agreements, it is important to understand the type of indemnity clause and what can or cannot be negotiated in or out of the agreement.


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By Lucy Perry

Decking Dilemma Keeping your deck installation crew safe when it’s too windy to work


ecause of the nature of their work, decking installers often have strict jobsite safety standards that can fly in the face of a general contractor’s demands. Decking design and installation standards won’t tell you how to negotiate in these situations, and industry rules and regulations address the general hazards associated with decking installation. So, how do you solve the dilemma when high wind challenges the safety of your decking installation crew, but the superintendent wants a job finished on time? Safety procedures, set by the decking installation contractor on the jobsite, are based on factors, including the weight and length of Safety procedures for projects, such as the Sunlife Stadium, home of the NFL Miami Dolphins in Miami, Fla., are put in place by the the decking sheets, and the way decking installation contractor, based on factors such as weight and length of the decking sheets and the way the wind is coming the wind is coming through the through the structure under construction. Photo provided by Gardner-Watson Decking Inc., Oldsmar, Fla. building under construction, says Geoff Kress, vice president of Gardner-Watson Decking Inc. (G-W), Oldsmar, Fla. the general contractor wants the project com- For the record “And, if it’s coming in directly under the deck pleted quickly. “When he’s on the ground the G-W Deck’s guidelines include 100% tieand hitting the wall, the wind has no place wind speeds might only be 5 to 10 mph. But off while actively installing deck. Following to go, so it will push the deck upward. On an 40 to 50 feet in the air, they increase dramat- those guidelines, with 20- or 22-gauge deckopen-air building, you can typically lay deck ically. He might look at a flag on a trailer and ing material, a crew can work in calm winds during stronger winds,” he explains. say, ‘It’s not windy at all.’ But it is windy”—at up to 10 mph as long as they don’t put out What inherently happens, says Kress, is height. “We have guidelines we follow, based more than 10,000 sq. ft. of unattached deckon extensive experience, that help keep our ing at a time. If the wind is blowing at 10 to Lucy Perry operates WordSkills Editorial Services employees safe. If our foremen feel it’s unsafe 14 mph, 5,000 sq. ft. of decking or more in Kansas City, Mo. With 35 years of writing and beyond these guidelines, they can shut a job may be shaken out. At 14 to 20 mph, that’s editing experience, she has spent 20 years following down. Ultimately it remains the responsibility where the foreman must determine if gusty the North American construction industry. She can of the job foreman to determine if winds are conditions exist that make decking dangerbe reached at too dangerous for safe decking operations.” ous, explains Kress.


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Though decking contractors have access to guidelines for working in hazardous conditions, wind hazards are not specifically addressed on an industry-wide basis. Ultimately, the onsite competent foreman must make the decision to proceed or stop due to windy conditions. Photo provided by Gardner-Watson Decking Inc., Oldsmar, Fla.

“If winds are over 20 mph, no decking operations take place at all,” explains Kress. “For Type B and Type N roof decks, with 18-gauge or heavier decking you can install 10,000 sq. ft. up to 14 mph, but at over 20 mph, again, no deck operations take place,” says Kress.

Where to find guidance Decking installers do have access to guidance for working in hazardous situations on many fronts, though most of it focuses on fall avoidance as a preventative measure. For instance, OSHA sets guidelines for steel erection in its 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R, and fall-protection guidelines in 29 CFR Part 1926 Subpart M. Where metal decking is concerned, 29 CFR addresses specific requirements to protect employees during installation, including hazards which can cause decking accidents. Some hazards associated with hoisting, landing, and placing deck bundles are addressed in the Steel Deck Institute’s Manual

of Construction with Steel Deck. The Center for Construction Research and Training (CPWR) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) conducted an Evaluation of a Decking Fall Protection System, noting that decking installation is “one of the most hazardous duties performed during structural

steel erection,” according to CIPR and ASSE. That’s because the tasks involved present risks of falling off the leading edge, which is constantly moving forward as installation progresses; through holes in the decking; and due to sudden movement or buckling of decking before it is secured.

Because of the risks involved, decking installation is considered one of the most hazardous duties performed during structural steel erection. Falls, off forward-moving leading edges, through holes in the decking, and due to sudden movement or buckling of yet-unsecured decking, present critical risks on jobsites. Photo provided by Gardner-Watson Decking Inc., Oldsmar, Fla.


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Gardner-Watson's Deck Installation in Wind Guidelines Finally, the Ironworker Management Progressive Action Cooperative Trust (IMPACT) penned a safety bulletin titled, On the Safe Side: Installation of Metal Decking and Fall Hazards. The bulletin highlights the common decking installation hazards that have produced the highest percentage of fatalities and disabling injuries. It emphasizes how important training and fall prevention are to safe installation practices.

The direct approach Although guidance for these hazards exists, rules, regulations, even suggestions for dealing with wind hazards is not specifically addressed on an industry-wide basis. So, what’s the solution in a situation where the general contractor’s representative and the decking crew foreman butt heads specifically over wind hazards? “Safety must always be the driving factor,” says Kress, “and ultimately it is the onsite competent foreman who must make the decision to proceed or stop due to windy conditions.” G-W created their own Decking Installation Guideline that includes a fall-protection plan. Within it are specific procedures for working under weather hazards. Assuming an average 25-ft. deck length, the company stresses that the final decision to call the crew off the building or proceed with the project lies with the company’s competent person onsite. “It is also G-W Deck policy to make every effort (in normal conditions) to have all deck 100% attached to the structure each day.” Kress says the solution lies in educating site superintendents, and believes that with their guideline his company has done a good job in that area. But, he adds, sometimes newer decking contractors need educating as well. Working with a new general contractor client, and wanting to build a good business relationship, if the decking installer has a superintendent yelling at him to get the job done, he might just proceed with the work and risk his crew’s safety in high winds. But the final say remains with the installer, he stresses. “To be blunt, I’ll tell the superintendent to go jump in a lake; I’m not getting somebody hurt. They absolutely back down when it comes to safety issues. A couple might say, ‘I don’t care,’ so I’ll call their head office and that nips it in the bud in 10 seconds.”

The document outlines guidelines to not only determine how much deck can be safely “shaken out,” positioned, and tacked down, but when not to work. When winds exceed 20 mph, G-W Deck will wait until winds subside before resuming active deck operations.While waiting for the wind to subside, any deck that has been laid will at a minimum be wind tacked in seven locations per deck sheet or fully connected. Any broken bundles will be secured with ratchet straps or self-drilling screws attached to the steel structure at each end. Because weather/wind conditions can change during each day, deckers must not lay out and position deck unless it can be fastened down before wind speeds increase into an “unsafe” situation. If temperatures are less than or equal to 20° F, G-W Deck may discontinue operations due to wind chill.

Resource List OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R, Steel Erection 29 CFR Part 1926 Subpart M, Fall Protection

The Center for Construction Research and Training (CPWR) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) Evaluation of a Decking Fall Protection System

Steel Deck Institute Manual of Construction with Steel Deck


Ironworker Management Progressive Action Cooperative Trust (IMPACT) Safety Bulletin, On the Safe Side: Installation of Metal Decking and Fall Hazards.

Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 27


By Tina Cauller


Government Jobs Towering steel structures required precision and extreme quality tolerances Variable Height Tower, Eglin Air Force Base, Okaloosa County, Fla. Class I (up to $500,000) Erector: Ed Emmons Steel Erectors Inc. Structural Engineer: Joe DeReuil Associates Fabricator: Bell Steel Company Detailer: Bell Steel Company GC: Lord & Son Construction Architect: Heffernan Holland Morgan Architecture Contract Value: $116,225 Tons of Steel Erected: 112


he scope of two award-winning steel erection projects—one for the U.S. Air Force and the other for NASA—were at opposite ends of the spectrum but shared many common challenges. A top secret project at Eglin Air Force Base had a steel erection contract value of just $116,225 and 112 tons of steel, while a high-profile refurbishment of the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center came in at more than $25 million and 5,500 tons of steel. Despite the disparity in the overall scope, the two jobs both faced designs with extremely tight tolerances. Jacking columns on the Air Force’s variable height tower had to be perfectly plumb, while NASA expected a zero-defect installation where ironworkers used a micrometer to gap each connection to +/-0.01 inches and 300% welding inspections. The teams working for Ed Emmons Steel Erectors and S&R Enterprises are understandably proud of the work they completed on these two jobs, which were recognized as winning Projects of the Year by SEAA. Both companies received awards at the 45th Annual SEAA Convention in Myrtle Beach in April 2017.

■■Ed Emmons Steel Erectors Undertakes Top Secret Construction

NASA’s Vehicle Assembly Building High Bay No. 3, Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Fla. Class IV (over $2.5 million) Erector: S&R Enterprises LLC Structural Engineer: RS&H Fabricator: Steel LLC

Ed Emmons Steel Erectors Inc., Pensacola, Fla., was handpicked for a steel erection project at Eglin Air Force Base by the general contractor, Lord & Son Construction. A long relationship between the principals of the two companies and high level of trust established over many years of working together were critical to top secret construction of a research lab consisting of a Variable Height Tower. Eglin Air Force Base is situated just east of Pensacola in Okaloosa County, Florida. At roughly the size of the state of Rhode Island, Eglin is the country’s largest military installation and the largest air force base in the free world. The Variable Height Tower is a military testing facility constructed on a firing range for development and testing of next-generation

Detailer: IDS GC: Hensel Phelps Architect: RS&H Contract Value: $25 million Tons of Steel Erected: 5,500

Tina Cauller is a graphic designer and freelance writer with 30 years of experience reporting for trade and technical publications in building construction and real estate markets. She can be reached at


weapons. The tower’s specific function was top secret. The new facility enables researchers to take improved sensor data because it reduces signal interferences caused by the warmer air and objects near the ground. “We were not allowed to know any details about its purpose, other than it involved firing lasers down range at various heights,” said David Emmons, President. Constructing the Variable Height Tower was demanding due to the extremely tight tolerances that were required between the moveable platform, jacking columns and gears, and guide rails. The distances between the two towers had to be precisely controlled for the moveable platform, which tops out at 90 feet, to raise and lower smoothly in 10-foot increments. Too close together or too far apart, even by a fraction of an inch, and the drive train mechanism wouldn’t work. Emmons explained, “We are used to working within AISC tolerances, and we’ve had experience with assemblies that required more precision, but no one wanted to specify exactly how true we had to keep the towers. We knew that any error would come back to haunt us because in these tall vertical towers

with no lateral support between them, any mistake at the bottom would be multiplied at the top. Extreme precision was critical to functionality.” The company discovered early in the planning stages that this was an out-of-the-ordinary assignment. During a preliminary meeting with the engineering team for the conveyance system, someone posed a question about the plan to restrain lateral movement. A member of the team asked how this issue had been addressed in the past. The answer: nothing like this had ever been done before. When asked about the issue of lateral movement, Emmons recalled, “I got a call from Joe DeReuil and he asked me to meet with him to go over some ideas. He had devised a captive spring and roller assembly that would attach to the lab framing and help maintain its position between the guide rails. The only problem was how to attach it to the lab without restraining the spring mechanism. He and I came

A spring-loaded roller assembly provided a solution for allowing rollers to mate with guide rails.

“Extreme precision was critical to functionality.” up with a method of compressing the spring, attaching the assembly, and releasing the spring to allow the rollers to mate up with the guide rails. That was fun because I don’t usually get to contribute to the design process.” The tower design relied on four 14-inch jacking columns which had to be fabricated with tremendous accuracy. The columns included casings that housed the conveyance mechanisms central to the tower’s function. When they were delivered to the site, the Emmons team checked them out and found them to be perfectly true and straight. Once on anchor bolts, the columns were cross-checked and plumbed, and then connected to the tops of the towers with shop-fabricated steel cap plates and horizontal braces. The columns were only connected at two locations: the anchor bolts and the cap plates. The casings prevented any intermediate connections between the columns and the towers. “These were the most plumb columns we have ever put in,” noted Emmons. “We’re used to getting within 1-in-500 or better vertical. These were more like zero-in-500. We were amazed at how well this steel was fabricated and how precisely the foundation was put in place. Paul Webb, Mr. Lord’s superintendent, really did a tremendous job with the layout and helped us so much with vertical and horizontal control. I doubt we could have kept the towers plumb without him.” Once the columns were erected, the testing laboratory was built between the towers and connected to the casings. Although the top secret nature of this project means that Emmons will never get to see the project in action or even know much about its purpose, the team is rightfully proud of their award-winning performance. “This project depended on zero fabrication errors and flawless teamwork on the part of everyone involved. There was no room for re-work. Pulling it off without a hitch was a real feather in the cap for the whole team — Joe DeReuil & Associates, Bell Steel Company, Lord & Son Construction, and Ed Emmons Steel Erectors. The tower was completed on time, the customer is happy, and we’re pleased to have played a contributing role in this important military project,” said Emmons.

The Variable Height Tower is a military test­ing facility constructed on a firing range for development and testing of next-generation weapons. The tower’s specific function was top secret.

Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 29

High up in the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, an overhead crane lowers the final work platform, A north, into place for installation in High Bay 3. The platform is being installed and secured on its rail beam high up on the north wall of the high bay. The installation of the final topmost level completes the 10 levels of work platforms, 20 platform halves altogether, that will surround NASA's Space Launch System rocket and the Orion spacecraft and allow access during processing for missions, including the first uncrewed flight test of Orion atop the SLS rocket. Photo credit: NASA/Frank Michaux

Inside the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the 325-ton crane lifts the first half of the K-level work platforms up for installation in High Bay 3. The platform will be secured into position on tower E, about 86 feet above the floor. The K work platforms will provide access to NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) core stage and solid rocket boosters during processing and stacking operations on the mobile launcher. Photo credit: NASA/Glen Benson


This diagram shows the 10 levels of work platforms that will surround NASA's Space Launch System rocket and Orion spacecraft during processing and stacking on the mobile launcher in the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center. Image credit: NASA

■■S&R Enterprises Explores New Frontiers with NASA NASA’s Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida was built by American Bridge Company back in 1965 as part of the Apollo mission to put astronauts on the moon, and later served the space shuttle program. The enormous structure has an eight-acre footprint, stands 526 feet tall, and took 105,000 tons of structural steel to build. The VAB is the tallest single-story building in the world. Its 129,428,000 cubic foot volume – large enough to comfortably fit the entire Pentagon inside – creates an interior environment with its own weather. In Florida’s humid climate, clouds can form near the ceiling of the massive building. To combat moisture literally raining down from above, NASA installed a 10,000-ton HVAC system capable of replacing the building’s total volume of air in under an hour. With Apollo and the shuttle program now in the history books, NASA is readying the VAB for the next generation of space exploration, the Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System (SLS). This new era of launch vehicles will ferry astronauts to the International Space Station and support human exploration of deep space beyond earth’s orbit. To do so, NASA needed to modernize the VAB’s aging and outdated infrastructure, a $30 million inititiative. As part of this aggressive refurbishment, NASA called on S&R Enterprises, LLC, Harrisburg, Pa., to help modify VAB High Bay 3 to accommodate the SLS heavy-lift rocket and Orion spacecraft. In 2014, S&R Enterprises launched a three-year project to replace the seven existing fixed work platforms originally built for the Saturn V program with 20 new extensible platforms to allow NASA technicians and engineers to access the vehicle’s different systems at 10 strategic levels. The new platforms were designed to be repositionable for maximum flexibility in case of any future changes. For S&R, the mission was to reinforce the existing structure, then swap out existing vertical braces according to new design. This project was impressive due to the sheer magnitude of the lifts (each pick weighed more than 150 tons), and the extremely tight tolerances required for the new platforms.

Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 31

For the project’s 350,000 pounds of assemblies, S&R and a third-party engineering firm invested $500,000 in designing and making custom spreader bars and rigging weighing over 20,000 pounds, which were utilized for each pick. The work platforms were installed at various heights ranging from 77 to 350 feet, and were hoisted into position using the VAB’s overhead crane. However, all ironworking was done vertically in the 500-ft. open atrium using 35 two-person swing stages and one-person bosun chairs. According to Josh Collins, Senior Project Manager, “This project was out of the ordinary for ironworkers who are accustomed to working from boom lifts or climbing iron. It required a highly skilled workforce.” Each platform weighs more than 300,000 pounds and measures roughly 38 feet long and 62 feet wide. The platforms were mated using two 60,000-pound rail beam assemblies outfitted with Hilman roller systems so they could be rolled together into precise position and connected. The process to lift and install each of the platforms took about four hours. “Building for NASA is a different culture. Normally, construction is a go-go-go environment, but NASA is a zero-defect environment. This job required thorough, extensive pre-planning to create activity-specific erection and safety plans,” said Collins. As the project progressed, there were numerous hurdles to overcome. At least 60 subcontractors were working in the same space, making close coordination and clear communication between the trades critical. During construction, NASA opened up two of the four high bay doors and put bird nets across the openings to prevent avian intruders from entering the work area. Consequently, the HVAC was not in operation and in the August heat, temperatures at the upper levels climbed to 120-140 degrees. Workers fought off heat exhaustion and battled eye-stinging dust and debris that would blow around inside the building. Tolerances were tight – ironworkers used a micrometer to gap each connection point to +/-0.01 inches. However, welding the splice caused the gap to shrink, so calculations had to be adjusted to compensate for the shrinkage. Collins noted, “This was the most intense welding inspection program I’ve

For the first time, one of the new work platforms in High Bay 3 inside the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida was powered on. Lights illuminate one half of the J-level platforms for NASA’s Space Launch System as the platform is extended. A preliminary test of both J platforms was completed to verify each platform’s motor, roller system and electrical connections. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

seen anywhere. It required 300% third-party weld inspection, meaning that every weld was inspected a minimum of three times, every half-inch length.” In December, engineering issues around eight 4-inch pins that were intended to be placed by hand caused consternation. S&R President Stephen Burkholder recalled, “We had been instructed to handle the pins very carefully, but after a long struggle to place the pins, the NASA team told us to cut the T-handles off the pins and beat on them. We pounded on those pins for three days. Then we were instructed to apply grease. When we finally got the pins in place, we were given orders to take them out, where they sat while the NASA team reassessed the plan. “It took a year and a half to take the first platform out and then put it back, but after input from a new member on the engineering team, we had an entirely new system we could use to level, square, and jack, and it all worked. The first pin was placed in two hours, the last took about 30 seconds, and it took just 10 months to replace the remaining platforms. With the highly innovative environment at NASA, the work process is sometimes trial and error. It’s do, wait, fix. Then do again,


sometimes going back to what you did the first time,” said Burkholder. On this project, Josh Collins was responsible for budgeting scheduling, maintaining compliance, submittals and documentation. He noted that there were 440 change orders in the welding inspection procedure, 1,400 archives, and 800 S&R archives of documentation. Collins was also responsible for developing the functional testing procedures of the platforms for NASA. “This was our first job with NASA. They are a great customer because they share their knowledge and resources,” he noted. In January 2017, S&R completed all 10 levels with the installation of the last of the 20 platform halves on the topmost level. Thanks to thorough pre-planning and solid safety plans, 440,000 man-hours of labor were logged without a single lost-time injury. According to NASA, the first launch of an un-crewed Orion spacecraft atop the SLS, the most powerful rocket in the world, is targeted for late 2018. On this trailblazing trip, Orion will fly farther than ever before and will stay in space longer than any spacecraft designed to carry astronauts has before without docking to a space station.

Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 33

SPECIAL FOCUS: Safety Review

Best Practices for Safe Construction Sites Sign up for Safety Flash


very other month, the SEAA Safety Committee publishes short articles reminding steel erection contractors about ongoing safety issues and offers suggestions for reducing risk. Topics relate to day-to-day activities that take place on job sites. The following safety reminders are excerpted from 2017 Safety Flash newsletters produced by SEAA. Read full articles and get links to additional resources in the News section at

Preventing Tipovers in Boom Lifts According to CPWR, The Center for Construction Research and Training, about 26 construction workers die using aerial lifts each year. Tipovers in boom lifts account for one-third of the fatalities. Best Practices identified for this Safety Flash included identifying hazards in the

work area, such as openings in the floor, using covers that can support at least twice the expected load, and using proper fall protection to prevent ejection from the boom lift's platform. Get details on site hazard analysis and boom lift operational tips.

Protecting Workers from Heat Illness Working in the heat is one of the most dangerous hazards in construction. Heat stress results from four environmental factors: temperature, humidity, radiant heat, and air movement. Heat-induced illnesses occur when stress created by heat exceeds the body’s capacity to maintain normal body functions. •  Be aware of factors that affect risk, including age, weight, physical fitness, metabolism, alcohol and drug use, general medical condition and the type of clothing worn. •  Practice water, rest, and shade. •  Allow new or returning workers to acclimate to conditions. •  Balance water intake with drinking something

that returns electrolytes to our body such as Overtime™ or Sqwincher. •  Develop a heat kit and provide plenty of accessible water. •  Provide areas or methods for cooling down. Get tips for building a heat kit, making a homemade water cooler, and good products to consider.

Understanding How Fall Distance Impacts Fall Protection Fall protection methods should include making sure ironworkers are tied off in a manner that will not allow them to come in contact with a lower area. Develop a fall protection plan that reflects the uniqueness of the project. In the summer of 2016, nine SEAA member companies pooled their resources to drop test the most common methods for fall protection. They found that self-retracting lanyard always resulted in a shorter fall distance for the worker. Some questions to ask when accounting for fall distance and developing a plan are: •  What are the distances between walking/ working surfaces on the project? •  What types of fall protection are available to use? •  Can you install elevated Horizontal Life Lines? •  Will fabricator drill holes in columns at 6 ft. for horizontal life lines? •  Can work be performed more safely by using aerial lifts?

•  Can sections be pre-built on the ground to minimize work at heights? •  Will there be leading edge work (decking) using retractables for fall protection? If yes, Class B leading edge retractables should be used. •  Will the fabricator be drilling holes at 21” & 42” above the finished floor for perimeter guardrail installation?


•  Will the contractor want you to leave fall protection systems in place after your work is complete? •  Develop and implement a fall protection training program for your employees.

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Millennials, Metrics, and Management


he impact 76 million people born between 1980 and 2002 is having on today’s workforce is well-documented. Stereotypes aside, their numbers, creativity, passion and knack for technology make them a critical asset to any organization. However, they do think differently than Baby-Boomer owners and many Gen-X leaders and managers. Millennials are a connected group. With smart phones in hand, millennials expect 24/7 connectivity to their friends, community, and information. They communicate non-stop. These expectations don’t change when they get to work. Business managers and leaders can develop more productive teams by understanding and applying these key principles.

Expectation #1: Clear Direction Imagine if bowling was a job task. A new employee is responsible for rolling the bowling ball down the lane with the goal of knocking over as many pins as possible. If the boss hangs a curtain in front of the pins and tells the employee to get to work, it’s probable the results will be disappointing. Instructing the employee to reposition the ball to the left or right without revealing the pins only leads the employee to become confused and frustrated. The employee questions the company’s competence, while the boss wonders why he hired this guy. This exaggerated example has real-world implications. The solution is not a clearer job description, hiring a better person, or creating a corrective action plan. The simple solution is to pull away the curtain so the employee can see the goal. The employee will selfalign to clear objectives and continuous feedback. Metrics provide the tool that millennials need to effectively work, get the instant information they are used to, and to connect to the organization in a purposeful way. Jeremy Macliver is COO of EDefi Solutions, a business consulting company, applies Entrepreneurial Operating System (EOS) techniques to help organizations measure performance, develop process documentation, and establish bench-marks. One client, a steel erection contractor, grew 76% under his tenure. Learn more at 36 | THE STEEL ERECTORS ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA

Think about an employee that’s frustrating you now. You know higher performance should be achieved, yet coaching, discipline, or motivation isn't working. Ask yourself if there is a curtain blocking their view. Are there metrics that you see that they don’t have access to?

Expectation #2: Open Communication Millennials want to be a part of the solution. Long gone are the days of, “Do it because I said so and because I’m the boss.” Allow communication to go both ways. Let employees set the goal. If you do, they will surpass what you think is possible. Remember “curtains” kill trust. Creating a scoreboard is a practical way to accomplish both expectations. Give clear direction through open communication, but don’t bog your team down with too many numbers. Each employee should be responsible for at least one number: managers will monitor 4-5, while front line workers will handle 1-3. The Project Management Team, the Fabrication Team, and the Erection Team could be three teams in your organization. Each team should have its own scoreboard. It’s often best to set the goal several months after starting the scoreboard. Most numbers will improve for a while, just from a weekly focus. When you’re ready, include the team in goal setting.

Safety Scoreboard Example Safety numbers can be some of the hardest to manage. You may need to work backwards from your incident reports to find what the actionable data is that needs to be gathered.

Production Scoreboard Example Other numbers are far simpler. Production numbers can be the number of pieces set per crew, the number of man hours worked divided by produced hours, the daily percent complete on project divided by man hours worked, etc. In addition, Project Management will see numbers like, gross profit, job costs, and scheduling, while business owners may watch a different set like, revenue, net profit, and cash balance. The list could go on. The point is that you know what is most important to your company’s success. Figure out how to measure the action that drives it and put it on the scoreboard.


Lowering a 25,000 lb. Granite Table

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Connector | FALL EDITION November 2017 | 37


STEEL DAY SNAPSHOT Employees from Buckner Companies visited local area high school and community college campuses near their headquarters in Graham, N.C., for Steel Day 2017, which took place on Sept. 15. The company brought the World of Steel to the classroom with interactive presentations from some of the most influential employees in the steel erection industry. Steel Day is organized annually by AISC. Participation is open to any organization involved in steel design, fabrication or erection. Learn more at

Safety Salutations Events & Activities 2017 Project of the Year Submissions For jobs that top out by Dec. 31, 2017 Due March 1, 2018 projects_of_the_year See page 7 for more info.

SEAA 1st Quarter Board Meeting

120+ Golfers Join Annual Golf Tournament The largest turnout ever for SEAA’s annual education fundraiser was a great success. A strong economy and beautiful weather contributed to robust participation in the Captain’s Choice style tournament at Lonnie Poole Golf Course in Raleigh, N.C.

January 25, 2018 Houston, Texas

AISC/NASCC: The Steel Conference

Congratulations to the winning team consisting of Mike Salanger, Hanes Supply, Inc., Stan Leonard, CP Buckner Erectors, Ronnie Ranson, CSE, Inc., and John LaForce, Hanes Supply, Inc.

April 11-13, 2018 Baltimore Convention Center, Baltimore, Md.

46th National Convention & Trade Show April 25-27, 2018 Grandover Resort, Greensboro, N.C.

“It has been an honor serving on the SEAA Board of Directors and on the Safety Committee. I have enjoyed sharing knowledge that will prevent all of our employees from being injured or killed. Because at the end of the day, the most important thing is going home to our families healthy and safe.”

New this year was a pre-tournament reception and road show, which introduced SEAA and its programs to many non-member companies. Topics included the benefits of the SEAA/ NCCER Ironworker Craft Training and Apprenticeship programs, the Project of the Year winners, and networking opportunities. Plus, the annual Boom Lift Ball Drop was once again a highlight of the event. Tickets were purchased for $10 each. Dave and Cindy Schulz split the pot with the Education Committee.

– Ed Valencia, upon stepping down from long-time service on the SEAA Board of Directors and as chairman of the Safety Committee

Keynote Speaker Selected for 46th Convention Brent Darnell, a leading authority on Emotional Intelligence in the construction industry will open the Steel Erectors Association of America’s 2018 convention, to be held April 25-27, 2018 at the Grandover Resort in Greensboro, N.C. Because of these first-hand experiences, Darnell speaks with a deep understanding of his audience and the problems they commonly face. He has been teaching emotional intelligence and people skills to the construction industry since 2000, using proven methods to cultivate high performing teams on projects that use IPD, ILPD, Lean, BIM, Design Build and Design Assist.

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