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CT CityTimes

Covering the San Diego City College community since 1945

Summer classes return

Vol. 68, No. 11

March 25, 2014

Weekly at

ABUSE OF AUTHORITY? City College student says he was roughed up by officers

By Chris Handloser City Times

Summer classes are returning to the San Diego Community College District for 2014. More than 400 classes will be available for City College students and the schedule will be available April 15. There will be four summer sessions scheduled: two five-week sessions running from May 27 to June 28 and June 30 to Aug. 2, and two eight-week sessions from June 9 to Aug. 2 and June 16 to Aug. 9. The administration cautions that these classes will fill quickly so students should enroll as soon as possible. Priority registration will begin May 12 and open registration will start May 27. Students protested cuts in classes in the last few years as the state endured severe economic woes. “Nobody here, or in the district, wanted to stop the classes, so we all couldn’t be more happy to have the classes back,” stated Public Information Officer Heidi Bunkowske. It is estimated that the district will recoup about 80 percent of the classes lost in the 2011 cuts. “Pretty good for the first time back,” added Bunkowske. The schedule will be available online April 15 at, and students can apply and register at www.

The City College trolley station at Park Boulevard is the second busiest in the transit system. Joe Kendall, City Times

Student says guards beat him By Diego Lynch City Times A City College student plans to file a complaint against the trolley system, accusing its security officers of slamming him to the ground and deliberately injuring him last month. His story is one of two recent accounts shared by students who question the tactics used by security officers. The trolleys are operated by the Metropolitan Transit Service, a publicly funded organization. MTS subcontracts security to Universal Protection Services, a private firm. According to Rob Schupp, director of Marketing and Communications for the MTS,

the San Diego trolley system hosts 35 million riders a year, and averages 56 complaints per year, 24 of which are about excessive force from security. Although the total number of City College students riding the trolley is not known, the City College station is the second busiest on the system, with an average 6,662 people boarding or exiting there. MTS has sold 2,365 semester passes to the San Diego Community College District, which includes City College, he added. Emanuel Wimer, 24, a student at City College, is a trolley rider. He said he plans to file a complaint against MTS after an encounter with its security officers last month. Around 6 a.m. Feb. 24 after crossing into

the U.S. from Tijuana after some weekend shopping, Wimer had a casual conversation with a female Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agent. In this conversation, she said that illegal immigrants do not pay taxes and Wimer attempted to dissuade her of that view. After the conversation, he stopped to have a cigarette outside of the San Ysidro Transit Center, where he intended to board a trolley going north. Wimer said an MTS security officer then stopped him, asked him if he was comfortable and requested he put out his cigarette. Wimer said he turned to look for a trash can See Trolley, page 2

Film club founder wins best director By Edwin Rendon City Times

City College film student Paul Michael Giret’s roots in music and activism in San Diego have taken him, his camera and the fruits of his labors beyond campus. He recently won Best Director for his documentary for “Recycled Samples,” at the first annual San

Diego Film Awards organized by the San Diego Film Symposium. Giret’s three-minute documentary follows a recycling yard’s cashier, Fred Mullin, through his typical day. Mullin finds and records sounds with his cell phone in every aspect of his job, from banging on the wall of his metal shack to the glass shattering as its dumped. “He goes out and captures all

kinds of sounds during his daily adventure and takes them home, chops them up and turns them into beats,” explained Giret. “I got a chance to highlight one of my friends who does this special thing every day.” Mullin is a San Diego DJ named Synthetic Phred. He works with Giret at Aware, a subsidiary of the non-profit organization Chance for

Hope. It’s the only charitable recycling center downtown and provides the homeless with food and other support. On the eve of the documentary’s release and the night of the awards ceremony, Giret and another musician friend, David Caballero, artistic name Guggenheim, See Giret, page 2

Paul Giret wins best director for his documentar y. Courtesy Photo


Female photos

J-pop discovers its dark side on the group’s debut album. PAGE 4

Women photographers launch exhibit PAGE 5


News....................... 3 Arts........................ 4 Life......................... 5 Opinion................... 6 | March 25, 2014



and the officer then abruptly gripped his head, Continued from Page 1 handcuffed him, sat him on a bench, then put him an MTS vehicle. Sobeida Diego, 27, who studies nursing at City, said she saw what happened next. After being removed from the MTS vehicle, she said, Wimer started yelling for someone to call the police. She said five officers threw him to the ground and yelled at him, “stop resisting!” She said the officers “were beating on him.” “The person being detained was laughing,” she said, “he was not resisting.” She said that the officers, which included an ICE agent, appeared enraged by the laughter. One of the officers was deliberately putting all his weight directly on Wimer’s wrists, she said. Diego was part of a small crowd of passersby who were attempting to convince the officers to let Wimer go. She said one of the officers told the crowd to move along, saying, “You don’t want to get involved, you don’t want to go to jail.” When San Diego police officers arrived, the security officers told them that Wimer had tried to punch an officer. The police officers took him to a station, where he waited for 16 hours before being released to go to a hospital, he said. There, he received treatment for a strained wrist and chest contusion. He said that his wrists were strained from the officer deliberately putting his weight onto them. And that the chest contusion occurred when he was slammed against an MTS vehicle. Wimer was cited for smoking within 25 feet of a trolley station, which is banned, non-compliance and jaywalking. He is also facing an assault charge for allegedly attempting to punch a security guard. A hearing on that

An armed Metropolitan Transit Ser vice security guard on duty outside the City College station. Joe Kendall, City Times

Continued from Page 1 accompanied him to the reception. Confident that his buddy would win, Guggenheim recorded sounds throughout the event and mixed an acceptance speech on a mobile app. He put beats to it and with the announcement that “Recycled Samples” won, he played the final piece into the microphone on stage with Giret. Giret’s film was shown first to a binational crowd in Mexico on March 7. The Binational Association of Schools of Communication of the California’s (BINACOM), with which City College is member, held their biennial meeting at Iberoamerican University in Tijuana. “It was cool to watch the Mexican audience enjoy it,” stated Giret. “I shoot a lot down there (Tijuana) but I’ve never been able to show anything. It was really great to share my work with international students. They were interested in the music aspect as well. That was really cool.” The filmmaker is keen on sharing his latest work with anyone wanting to use it, as long as he’s given proper credit. He explained to City Times about a new type of copyright called Creative Commons. Giret explains that Creative Commons encourages sharing as opposed to profiting from one’s work. “I allow them to use and manipulate it however they want. All I ask is they give me credit in return. Don’t use it for profit and they do the same thing in turn; it’s a new way of sharing. It’s the recycling of copyrights.” Giret’s passion for film drove him to start the City Film Club four years ago. It took a year to get things going, gathering funding

Parking fees may increase

It’s a new way of sharing. It’s


charge is on the April 10. Diego, the eyewitness, said no one she spoke with at the scene saw Wimer attempt to punch a security guard. Zane Hunker, 24, a graphic design student at City College and a student senator with the Associated Student Government, also plans a complaint against MTS. Hunker said he was riding the Blue Line trolley, near Park and Market, on the afternoon of March 6 on his way to school. An MTS security asked to see his pass, which he produced, then requested to see his ID, presumably to demonstrate that the pass was not stolen. Ordinarily, security is not allowed to ask the passengers for ID but Zane has a pass that indicates that he has a disability, Asperger’s Syndrome. Zane said he feels that this practice invades his privacy and pushes the burden of enforcement onto the consumer. He plans to file a complaint against the MTS. These two stories come on the heels of another incident that occurred in September. As reported by 10News, a man with a registered therapy dog was being questioned by MTS security at the City College station. He pulled out a note pad to take down the officers’ badge numbers and was tackled by the them to the ground. The incident was filmed on a cell phone by a City College student, who said the man was responding sarcastically to the officers’ questions just before the he was taken down. The man was eventually ccused him of smoking on the station, which was not visible on the video. As reported by KPBS, San Diego has one of the only transit systems in the U.S. that hires private security officers instead of using local police. MTS pays $9 million a year to Universal Protection Services, which provides the officers. All guards are required to have a California Guard Card. That certification, guaranties 40 hours of training over a six-month period and a background check. Few are CPRcertified or have received fire arms training, as reported by KPBS.

the recycling of copyrights. Paul Giret

from the club’s efforts and from the Associated Students Government. They’re now able to produce a film a year and some films have earned the clubs’ members awards. “Being from the professional world, it’s fun to bring professional elements of filmmaking to students, because they don’t get that in class,” stated Giret. “It’s important to learn the fundamentals but if you really want to go beyond, and how it really works, then you come to our club and take your time.” Adding to his reel of roles in the local film scene, Giret started the San Diego Student Film Festival. In its third year, it’s the only free student film fest in San Diego that awards cash prizes to participants. It’s on April 23 at Southwestern College, and he’s taking it off campus to other schools to learn from each other and create a citywide dialogue. Paul Giret’s filmmaking has brought him full circle to the documentary world. About eight years ago, when he first started shooting film, he worked with an activist group called New Media Rights, and started to capture activists’ movements in San Diego. “I didn’t have any money or my own equipment so I went there. Back then, they offered free camera equipment to anyone wanting to go out and film activists so I took advantage,” Giret said about New Media Rights. “...It really helped me so I utilized the institution for what it was for, and gained a ton of experience and connections through it. It’s helped me invaluably and I still give back. I won’t stop ever.”

By Antonio Marquez City Times

City College Film Club founder Paul Giret won Best Director in a Documentar y at the first San Diego Film Festival. Courtesy Photo

Parking fees may increase for students beginning in the fall semester. According to ASG President Carolina Moreno, a proposition was brought up at the end of the last semester, but ASG rejected the idea because there was not enough time to notify students about the increase “The reason why I am bringing this up now, is because I wouldn’t doubt the possibility of them trying to bring that increase back. So I want to think ahead and prepare this time around,” said Moreno. The Board of Trustees will have another meeting at the end of April. If this proposal is voted on and passed, there will be a $5 increase, in effect next fall. Purchasing a parking pass includes benefits such as a locksmith service, flat tire assistance, and an escort to your car if you need it. Some students aren’t even aware of these benefits. “No I just got one because I wanted parking for school… (students) should ask about any benefits besides parking,” said Margarita Arechiga Cervantez. Despite the increase, student Jose Gonzales would still pay for the pass, just because of all the benefits. “I was locked out of my car one time, and they actually help me out. So I totally don’t mind what-so-ever,” said Gonzales.

March 25, 2014 |



Who would steal a beehive?

Seeds@City is vandalized for a second time. SDCITYTIMES.COM

Beat boxer wins $400 By Essence McConnell City Times

Students, staff and faculty during the 2K Fun Run on March 13 in the Gorton Quad. Joe Kendall, City Times

City runs for health

By Chris Handloser City Times

The “Step Up to Live Well” campaign committee took another step forward this month, hosting their second campus 2K Fun Run on March 13 as a part of nutrition month. In the first year as a part of the San Diego County “Live Well” initiative, there are a wide-range of activities scheduled involving fitness, nutrition and behavioral health, and the committee wants to grow the program. “We have a lot of things we want to do....but one thing we need are volunteers to help us do all these great things,” expressed psychology professor Veronica Ortega. Ortega and cross-country coach and health professor Paul Greer spearhead the committee, and they have

a theme for every month of the Centennial year. February’s theme was “healthy heart,” March’s is nutrition, and April will be “healthy relationship” month. On April 15, they will join with Student Mental Health and Student Health Services to host a Health and Wellness Expo. There will be a variety of agencies on campus with research and information tables. They will also partner with the San Diego Hunger Coalition in April to come to campus and help students who are interested enrolling in CalFresh, California’s revamped food stamp program. “Greater awareness is being taken care of,” said Coach Greer. For more information please visit StepUpToLiveWell.

ASG budget tops $111,000

By Diego Lynch City Times

As Associated Student Government prepares for elections, it’s instructive to review its current budget, totaling $111,095. Where does this money come from? A surplus of $67,833 carried over from the previous year. An additional $34,304 will be transferred from the campus general fund. Together, this totals $102,237. The remaining $8,958 will come from internal fundraising, including sales of ASG membership cards. And where is it going? Even though the ASG budgeted for $111,095, only $31,843 of that has been approved by the ASG for expenditure thus far. Expect a surplus. There is $6,800 for operating expenses such as supplies,

printing and postage. This will cover the purchase of computers for new facilities for the ASG, which will open next year. The ASG also buys items that it gives in exchange for card purchases. It’s budgeted at $3,576 to buy day planners, possibly for the last time due to increasing use of electronics for scheduling. Some $3,000 for travel and conference will go toward ASG retreats, a speaker and a leadership summit. The ASG also budgeted a total of $8,000 for its participation in the Martin Luther King parade. It has only spent $3,154.25 of that, with $2,600 for a trailer, which can be reused in future events. Although $10,000 is allocated for club activities, only $885 was spent on donations to the Photo Club and the Film Society.

Luis Iturbide won over the judges at this year’s talent show,”Ain’t No Stopping Us Now,” with his original beatbox set where he performed vocal percussion of musical beats, rhythm, and sound. At 7 p.m. the theatre was pitch black as the audience waited for the show to begin with a hip-hop dance perfo rmance by Robby Lindez, who showcased his energetic popping dance style. “Ain’t No Stopping Us Now” showcased students, faculty, and even non students on the Saville Theatre stage to prove this city is filled with a diverse group of unique individuals. All was made possible through talent show coordinator Tandy Ward, who has been organizing the event for the past six years. This year the show included singing, dancing, instrumental performances, spoken words, poetry and even beat boxing. After each act, the curtain would come down and the spotlight would draw the audience’s attention to Ward, who would welcome the next act. “I loved the blend this year, I like mixing it up,” Ward explained. Several singers performed and included in their acts guitar, piano, prerecorded audio, or even went a cappella, which is what second place winner Tara James had to do after her audio shut off no more than 30 seconds into singing “I Believe.” “At practice yesterday, everything was fine. I didn’t know the music was going to go off,” James explained in an interview after performing. “I just thought, the show must go on.” Adding to the mix were two solo pianists, spoken word and poetry, a monologue. Iturbide wasn’t the only one who performed an an original piece. Inside Nianda Speaks spoke words of enlightenment in his original “My Psalm” along with other original pieces from Vincent Rather, JC Valdez and Joshua Gibot. The contestants were being judged in five categories: originality of performance, stage presence, appearance and attire, audience appeal, and quality of performance. Each of the five judges was to score the performances one to five in each category. Dr. Marilyn Harvey, one of the judges briefly explained, “There was the one we all agreed on, and that was it, it was unanimous. Then it was the other two spots we needed more discussion over and had to compare our differences to come to an agreement.”


$ 67,883

Spent to date



April 7 - 15

Total budget 0






Iturbide in first place won $400, James in second won $300, and singer Arian Reyes in third won $100, and all three received trophies. Despite only three winning spots, all contestants left as friends and plan to continue to strive for greater things. Pianist Rocky and singer Harrieth Sucaldito finished the show with a song “All of Me,” and were proud to have performed with the 16 talented acts. “We put on a show we’re happy about,” said Sucaldito. “Rocky and I will make it to the top.”

Associated Students Government Election 2014-2015

$ 111,095


First place winner Luis Iturbide performing his original beat boxing piece. Celia Jimenez, City Times


No campaigning permitted prior to this date.


Thursday, April 10 11:30 a.m. and 5 p.m.


In Cafeteria (Student Side) $ 31,843



Monday, April 14 and Tuesday, April 15 Spent to date Surplus

Online voting available 24/7

Total budget 0








Friday, April 18 at 3 p.m. Source: City College ASG, updated March 7, 2014

Follow SDCITYTIMES.COM for candidate coverage and results | March 25, 2014


Tony-winning musical hip-hops to City By Steven Dunetz and Peter Delgado City Times Hip-hop, salsa numbers and the streets of New York will soon be making their way to the Saville Theatre as the Tony award-winning musical “In the Heights” is set to debut April 11. Auditions were held Feb. 8 and a cast of around 30 people were selected for the production. “Our production cast features students with outstanding abilities in a myriad of genres,” said June Richards, director of the theater program. “Everyone in the production will be performing a variety of hip-hop as well as dance styles reflecting our diverse Latino culture.” The sets for the musical will be designed by award-winning television designer and City College professor Duane Gardella with cos-

On March 11, Joe Garrison and Night People performed in the Saville Theatre. Joe Kendall, City Times

‘Jazz Live’ rings true City College radio station hosts a 15-piece band By Essence McConnell City Times Local radio station KSDS Jazz 88.3 FM aired live music from Joe Garrison and Night People in front of an audience on Tuesday, March 11 at the Saville Theatre for the “Jazz Live” concert series. The 15-piece band, Night People, led by producer and composer Joe Garrison, packed the theater but played for an even larger audience via the City College radio station Jazz 88.3 FM and also for the listeners that stream live on the radio show’s website Above the band shined a large “On Air” sign as recording began and Vince Outlaw, the Jazz Live and Jazz 88.3 FM host, would signal when it was time to applaud, but it was evident when that time came. Before the concert went live on air, Garrison and Night People played a five-minute improvisational piece to accompany the energetic atmosphere felt throughout the theater. Outlaw then gave a brief introduction and passed the microphone to Garrison, who began, “Music to me is like energy...” a phrase he couldn’t finish. Instead, he threw his hands in the air and decided to show the audience. The band opened with a piece called “Le Nouveau” followed by several 10-15 minute pieces, which included solos from almost each musician in the group. Every month the Saville Theatre, with help from Jazz 88.3 FM, holds a concert and radio show for their listeners with performances by some of the world’s greatest jazz musicians, such as Garrison. Tickets are typically $10 and $5 with valid student I.D. If you are a member or choose to become one, you have the option to reserve two free tickets if called and scheduled in advance. Jazz 88.3 has concert events happening almost every day of the week at other locations as well. The next Jazz 88.3 event will be April 15, with pianist Lisa Hilton at 8 p.m. in the Saville Theatre. For more information on how to become a member, or to see an events calendar, visit

tumes designed by professor Andrea Singer. The production will also feature a live band and different styles of hip-hop dance. The Tony award winning musical is based in the multi-cultural neighborhood of Washington Heights, N.Y. and tells the story of an ensemble cast of characters over a three-day period. The book for “In the Heights” was written by playwright and composer Quiara Alegría Hudes, with the music and lyrics being written by Lin-Manuel Miranda who also starred in the original Broadway production. “In the Heights” premieres April 11 and will run Friday and Saturday evenings with Sunday matinees until April 27. Tickets are $15 for the general public and $10 for students, seniors, military and faculty. For more information contact June Richards or visit the Saville Theatre website at

‘Kawaii’ metal goes viral When most people think of typical Japanese pop music they think of cute outfits and SOUNDBREAK sugary sweet Angelica Wallingford pop songs. At first glance, BABYMETAL fits that description perfectly. Then you put on their debut, self-titled album and boy, are you in for a surprise. The group’s sound is unlike anything you’ve ever heard, in the best possible way. Not only has BABYMETAL been gaining worldwide recognition through their music videos on YouTube but they have even been featured on the Internet clip show “RightThis Minute” on CNN’s sister network HLN. They are also the youngest group to grace the stage at the world famous Nippon Budokan arena in Tokyo. BABYMETAL is made up of vocalists Su-metal, Moaetal, Yuimetal – real names Suzuka Nakamoto, Moa Kikuchi and Yui Mizuno respectively -- and their supporting band Full Metal Band. The group started off a sub unit of the popular idol group Sakura

BABYMETAL. Official Facebook photo. Gakuin but quickly rose up as one of Japan’s best new artists. The album is a mixture of varying genres including pop, rock, heavy metal, electronic dance music, industrial and symphonic death metal. On paper there is no way that these genres can work together and have it sound good. BABYMETAL mixes these genres to create a unique genre of their own, called “kawaii metal” or cute metal.

“Megitsune” (translation: female fox or vixen) is undoubtedly the best song on the album. It perfectly captures the aesthetic that is BABYMETAL, a killer mix of highenergy idol pop music and melodic power metal. Lyrically, it’s an analogy between the Japanese folklore that surround women in society today. “The song relates women See Metal, page 7

True North: Just stick to drinks True North Tavern in North Park is a bar known for its great drinks and fun atmosphere. It gets very packed on the weekends, so expect to pay a cover. But if you are curious to grab a bite here during the week, the food is not memorable. Not only did it all taste bland, but the prices were not worth it. Most of the sandwiches and burgers come with a side of tater tots, and who doesn’t love tater tots? That was the only thing that didn’t taste bad, you can always count on those JUST EAT IT anywhere you go. Michelle Moran The “City Kitchen” burger is just a fancy name for a cheeseburger, which is usually a hit, but in this case, it wasn’t. The meat was too bland and it was a little drippy. The veggie burger had a funky taste to it and it had too much cheese on it, to the point where it was falling on the plate. So, it quickly went to my list of worst veggie burgers of all time. The food also felt like eternity to arrive to your table, a good 30 to 40 minutes. The food was disappointing, to say the least, because the menu suggested it was going to be a place with good food to pair well with their exceptional beverages. Besides the uninteresting cuisine, the waitress was not fast paced. It is understandable that the daytime is going to be dead because all

the business happens at night, but she was beyond slow and a bit rude. True North is a great spot to go with friends on the weekend to get drinks and listen to some good music. They have great local beers on tap like Ballast Point, Stone and Saint Archer. But it is not a place to have a meal. Sorry kids, but this is a 21+ establishment. True North Tavern is located on 3815 30th St. in North Park.

The “City Kitchen Burger” with tater tots from True North Tavern in North Park. Michelle Moran, City Times

March 25, 2014 |



Knights Athletics donate

Dean Kathy McGinnis incentivizes her athletes and coaches to stock the City food pantry SDCITYTIMES.COM

Photo exhibition celebrates women By Michelle Moran City Times Female photography students, faculty and staff at City College organized a photo exhibition that showcased different aspects of being a woman. Some are portraits of women and other photos tell a story of their lives. The exhibit, “Women in Light,” can be viewed through April 18 at the Luxe Galley, located in the fifth floor of the V-building. The opening reception March 17 started with a few of the photographers who were involved in making this exhibition happen. The women who spoke at this reception were Paula Miranda, Nicole Espina, Cariely Benitez and Charcee Starks. Each of them spoke briefly, all thanking the professors and the staff who had helped them in their accom- “Women in Light” exhibition, keyed to Women’s Histor y Month, runs through April 18 in the Luxe Galler y. Michelle Moran, City Times plishments. Many of the photos were displayed on the walls, but one wanted to have them and why not have them and have fun. and white,” said Holden. print in particular stood out. It was in the middle of the room You can’t replicate things, you just have to alter them and repThe opening reception had a great turnout, over 100 attendand was one of the larger pictures and more colorful. It was by resent them,” Benitez replied on what inspired her to create ees and free food and beverages for everyone. As time went Benitez and it was called “Our Frida and Diego,” which was a the photo. on, more and more people started to show up to support. photo of two people, one dressed up as the well known MexiAnother great artist whose work was shown was photogra“I think it is beautiful because there is a diverse group of can painter Frida Kahlo and her husband Diego Rivera. Kahlo phy professor Melinda Holden. Her images show areas in dif- images and it isn’t specific to one single category. It shows was being portrayed by Benitez and Rivera was being depicted ferent parts of the world, calling her work “Vedute Series.” Her everyone’s interest in what they like,” said Alma Palacios, a by Benitez’s husband. pictures are captured in black and white photography, making student at City College. “We grew up learning about them; we grew up in a bilingual the images look mysterious. This exhibition runs until April 18 and it is located on the home. It was just in my brain and I wanted to represent us. I “I wanted to make things look timeless and keep it in black 5th floor in the V-building.

Moving minds beyond stars By Celia Jimenez City Times Lisa Will identifies herself as a geek. Her favorites books are those related to science and astronomy. Her first encounters with these subjects on TV and film were through watching “Star Trek” and “Star Wars” with her older brother. Will, has a Ph.D and is a professor of physics and astronomy at City College. She’s been teaching here since 2007 and is the resident astronomer at the Reuben H. Fleet Science Center in Balboa Park. Her interesting teaching style pushes students limits and forces them think outside the box. “I was a nerd since a very young age. So I have to admit that my earlier influences were science fiction,” said Will about her childhood. Professor Lisa Will’s provocative teaching style gets her students thinking outside A California native, she grew up in the subthe box. Celia Jimenez, City Times urbs of Sacramento in a low-income family.

Her dad was a firefighter and her mom a housewife. She was the first in her immediate family to earn a college degree and the only one to have a Ph.D. During her first quarter at UCLA she struggled with her Calculus class and recieved her first bad grade. She later learned that it was because her high school did not offer advanced mathematics courses. “So being the best student there didn’t really prepare me for being an undergrad. Let’s just say I wasn’t worried about keeping a straight A average,” Will said of her college experience. A counselor also advised her to look for another major but she knew what she wanted and refused to quit her goals. She later obtained a bachelor’s degree in astrophysics and a Ph.D in physics. While attending UCLA, Will met her See Lisa Will, page 7

Do you know your food’s ORAC value? College brings responsibility, challenges and opportunity for growth. Oh and not to mention, late nights and partying that cannot be left out of the “college experience.” Many students find Health Nuts themselves tired, stressed or sick more often than not, Kaily Sanders and it all relates back to the immunity health. In general, regular exercise, healthy sleeping patterns and a balanced diet are best ways to keep your immune system in optimal health. “Exercise and sleep are probably the two things that students do not do enough of,” said Mitch Charlens, basketball coach and health instructor at City College. Even if we do not have time to work out every day, or find

it impossible to turn down a night of partying, there are plenty of foods we can add to our diet to boost our immune system. Foods that are high in antioxidants, like certain fruits, vegetables and beans, can help fight free radicals, prevent illnesses and fight off cell damage that can lead to cancer. The measure of antioxidants in foods is referred to as the Oxygen Radical Absorbant Capacity (ORAC) value. The ORAC value refers to fresh, raw, and unprocessed foods. Meaning that foods lose a large percentage of their ORAC value when cooked or modified, so try to consume them in raw form if possible. For instance, herbs and spices have the highest levels of antioxidants, however when we cook with them or make tea, their ORAC value may decrease. Even if we cook them, adding herbs and spices like cloves, sumac, cinnamon, oregano and tumeric to our diet will greatly increase the health of our immune system. Some foods with high ORAC values are acai berries, red

kidney beans, blueberries, garlic, strawberries and raspberries, just to name a few. Try to stick to raw, colorful fruits and vegetables in order to get the most nutrients and antioxidants. If you do have to cook them, steam them. This will remove the least amount of nutrients and antioxidants. Another way to greatly improve the immune system health is to avoid smoking, drinking and using drugs. Excessive consumption of alcohol can lead to immune deficiency, which in turn can lead to many life-threatening illnesses. Smoking also increases our susceptibility to infections, as well as lowers the levels of antioxidants in the bloodstream. It’s all fun and games now, but these actions will negatively affect you later in life. “Realize that all that stuff will catch up to you,” said Charlens. “You don’t want to spend the last 20 years of your life in pain because you haven’t taken care of you body, you haven’t taken care of your immune system, you haven’t eaten the right foods.” | March 25, 2014


Understand your rights By Joe Kendall City Times

Illustration by Michele Suthers, City Times

No hiding behind the shield Joe Public used to be equal with the law in the U.S. Everyone funded their aptly named peace officers INVIGILATOR and in return Chris Handloser trusted them to serve by protecting. This symbiosis was legally outlined and happily adhered to by most citizens, and most peace officers. But a stormy sea change took place. Recently, technology made videographers and documentary short producers out of everyone. Televised for all with an Internet connection: police brutality. It’s rampant. It’s spreading. And it’s 100 percent prohibited in a free society. Blacks and Latinos frequently report to me that police brutality is nothing new, and I believe that because racism armed with a baton is a fatal scenario. What’s new are the 50,000-volt, standard-issue Tasers that painfully disrupt a body’s ability to communicate

with its muscles. Considering the heart is a muscle, it’s no surprise there have been more than 500 Taser deaths at the hands of law enforcement in the U.S. since 2001. Did you catch that? Somewhere along the way, we trailed away from referring to our protectorate as “officers of the peace,” and the era of “law enforcement” ensued. The beginning of the end was a twofold Nixonian debacle: the Vietnam War era protests and the inception of the drug war. The 1970 Kent State shootings saw four student protesters killed by the National Guard. This watershed event drew international outrage that was boldly enshrined in news, music and art. The first injustices always receive the most ardent responses. Deaths resulting from confrontations between police and citizens nationally were 258 in 2009 and 247 in 2010 in the latest figures available. Then there’s the drug war that created a deadly arms race between

criminals and police officers. As gangs stockpiled, cities and counties trumped them with SWAT teams full of assault and sniper rifles, stun grenades and submachine guns. Sound militaristic at all? It is, and that’s the root of this problem we have today – law enforcement treating the general public as enemy combatants. Our recent downward spiral began with the merciless beating of schizophrenic Fullerton man Kelly Thomas in July 2011. Even after killing Thomas by tasering him five times while he screamed for his daddy, then bashing his thorax in and breaking every bone in his face, all three officers were found not guilty of all charges. Lowlighting the next few years: On Memorial Day 2013, 14-yearold Tremaine McMillan was feeding his puppy and playing on the beach in Miami when the police – full-grown, heavily armed men – aggressively threw McMillan to the ground. They violently choked him while yelling, “Stop resisting!” See Abuses, page 7

As a City College student interacting with campus police, San Diego police and Metropolitan Transit Service security personnel, it’s important to know your rights. When dealing with law enforcement there are three basic levels of contact. First, “consensual contact,” begins when an officer approaches and begins a conversation. During this contact you are not required to answer, are free to leave at any point, and the officer is not allowed to project any authority. The next level of contact is called “reasonable suspicion.” During this level, you may be stopped based on specific and articulated facts. At this point you are subject to detainment for a short time and can be frisked but not searched. Based on reasonable suspicion, you are not required to give identification, but the officer has a reasonable but short amount of time to establish probable cause, the last level of contact. Probable cause is a reasonable basis for believing that a crime has been committed or the evidence of a crime is present. You would be required to identify yourself at this stage. You are subject to a lawful search under the Fourth Amendment and can be placed under arrest. During any point of contact you can request a supervisor come to the scene. After an interaction occurs, all agencies offer the means to file a formal complaint. Dealing with MTS, there are two types of employees in charge of maintaining order, code compliance inspectors (CCI), and transit officers. CCIs are public officers that verify MTS is compliant with California penal, health and safety, and public utilities codes. They’re able to issue infraction citations including fare violations and violations of MTS ordinances. With bus and train operators, CCIs can request identification of riders with discounted fares. Transit officers are armed, privately contracted security guards hired to ensure the safety of all riders. They have the power to arrest, but rely on CCIs to issue citations and police for action involving criminal violations. In order to protect your rights, you must know them. It is important to be aware of the procedures for reporting violations and not be afraid to do so. If you don’t stand up for yourself, who will?

Question by Essence McConnell Photos by Joe Kendall

How do you feel about the conduct of the MTS security?

Volume 68 Number 11 March 25 , 2014

Chris Handloser Editor-in-Chief Sports Editor Elizabeth Carson Online Editor Kaily Sanders News Editor

CT CityTimes

Carlos Barrios, 19, Fine Art

Trevon Rogers,21, Photography

Karen Patterson, 19, Undecided

Oscar Robles, 23, Kinesiology

“Well, I don’t really feel like there’s enough security. Sometimes the security is a little aggressive when people don’t have their Compass Card or ID.”

“I was skating one time and security comes and tries grabbing us and being vulgar. They should be doing what it says on the side of their car, ‘protect and serve.’”

“They take it way too seriously. They act like they’re actual police, when they’re really not. It’s gone as far as to give the security guns and real weapons to actually hurt people.”

“They really do abuse their power. They handcuff people sometimes just because they don’t have a trolley pass, or they’ll write them a ticket.”

Published as: The Jay Sees | 1945-1949 Fortknightly | 1949-1978 City Times | 1978Incorporating the newspapers Tecolote, Knight Owl and Flicks

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How to reach us: City Times San Diego City College 1313 Park Blvd. San Diego, CA 92101 Newsroom: T-316

Phone: (619) 388-3880 Fax: (619) 388-3814 E-mail:

City Times Staff Celia Jimenez, Joe Kendall, Essence Mcconnell, Jennifer Ovalle, Edwin Rendon, Louis Christian Alvarez, Pedro Delgado, Steven Dunetz.

City Times is published twice monthly during the semester. Signed opinions are those of the individual writers and do not necessarily represent those of the entire newspaper staff, City College administration, faculty and staff or the San Diego Community College District Board of Trustees. District policy statement | This publication is produced as a learning experience under San Diego City College’s Digital Journalism program. All materials, including opinions expressed herein, are the sole responsibility of the students and should not be interpreted to be those of the college district, its officers or employees. Letters to the editor | Letters to the Editor are welcome, 350 words or less. The staff reserves the right to edit for grammar, spelling, punctuation and length. Memberships | Journalism Association of Community Colleges, California College Media Association, Associated Collegiate Press California Newspaper Publishers Association Digital Journalism Program | Roman S. Koenig, associate professor, journalism and mass communication

March 25, 2014 |

Abuses Continued from Page 6 The boy was badly bruised and his puppy was injured. In response, the MiamiDade Police Department stated, “Of course we had to neutralize the threat in front of us.” McMillan was supposedly seen roughhousing with another teen on the beach. On Jan. 3 of this year, a 64-year-old deaf man named Pearl Pearson was beaten for seven minutes by two Oklahoma State troopers when pulled over for not showing his hands – when issued a vocal command to do so from behind. His car door correctly read “driver is deaf,” and a statement released later revealed that, “not during the booking, hospital, or time at the jail was an interpreter provided.” Yet, the elderly man is still facing charges for resisting arrest. And closer to home, we report in this issue about a City College student who had

Lisa Will Continued from Page 5 husband Greg van Eekhout, a science fiction and fantasy writer, in a club on campus. Will’s initially shy personality immediately changes when she starts talking about the stars, gravity and planets. Will has a particular way of teaching. Her classes resemble a narrative where she engages her students into science using data and visual imagery. Her teaching style was influenced by a Viking civilization and literature class she took at UCLA and by a biology teacher who always made time for


a unlawful cigarette turn into a hospital visit for strained writs and a chest contusion after being slammed into a MTS vehicle by trolley security. Have we lost our grip on what excessive force means? Can the public only protest so much, or are people simply becoming callous to police brutality? Are some police officers imbalanced by the rigors of crime fighting? Are epidemics such as steroid usage among officers and depleting budgets limiting proper training to blame? Guess what? It doesn’t matter because whether behind the shield or not, no one should beat up a schizophrenic man. No fullgrown man should choke a teen-age boy for any reason. No able-bodied group of adults should attack an elderly deaf man. And no security guards should body-slam a college student. Ever. There needs to be an immediate return to using far less lethal ways – as an officer – to bring peace to their citizens.

his students. “She always try to keep her students interested and involved in the class,” said one of her students on Will’s teaching style. “It just all amazes you when you see all the planets on the screen it just makes you wonder, oh this is what everything looks like.” In her physics classes, she tries to makes connections between physics and her biology and pre-med students, so they understand why they are taking those classes. “In the sciences, especially in teaching Astro 101, that’s not geared toward science majors... I think it’s important for them that science is exciting and fun and

human,” said Will. With the planetarium, which was opened this spring, Will has even more resources under her belt to show her astronomy students. She can show how sun sets and rises in different part of the world in real time and how stars, planets and asteroids look and behave. Her interactive and visual classes help students to have a better understanding of the topics being covered. She is also in charge of the planetarium at the Reuben H. Fleet Science Center and every month she presents “The Sky Tonight,” which shows the night sky and stars from different parts of the world.

City College student and ESPN Dream Job finalist, Astrid Mendez, right, with the cast and on the set of the Jorge Ramos Y Su Banda show. Courtesy Photo

City student is finalist in ESPN competition By Antonio Marquez City Times City College student Astrid Mendez is competing for her future as a finalist in the ESPN Dream Job contest. The prize is the chance to cover the 2014 World Cup in Brazil for ESPN. Her dream to be a journalist started at the age of nine when she had the opportunity to work for her school newspaper. This allowed her to interview just about everyone, including athletes. “Don’t give up on what you want…It may not be easy and it might take you forever but somehow it is going to happen,” said Mendez. Despite having a bachelor’s degree from Universidad IberoAmericana in Tijuana, she didn’t have any hands

on experience in journalism before coming to the US. Mendez also faced many obstacles coming to City College. She not only learned a new language, but also created a demo reel – a video for TV stations to showcase her talent. “All my preparation was in Spanish...and actually, I learned English through Sesame Street,” Mendez said playfully. “But it’s different able to write in English for TV.” It didn’t hold her back though. She landed internships at Telemundo San Diego, Punto Fronterizo and Fox 5, which gave Mendez the opportunity to write in English. “She is completely bilingual, which is rare to get somebody who can speak,

write and read in both languages, Spanish and English,” explained Radio and Television professor Laura Casteñeda. Casteñeda motivated Mendez to attend the audition for the experience even though she had no official experience reporting. “We get so many students here that have a dream… students can talk about what they want to do, or they can do it,” expressed Casteñeda. The ESPN Dream Job competition started with a casting call where many inspiring reporters showed up to audition – though few made the finals. “All the support from everybody at City college is so cool, but I am also getting support on both sides of the border,” explained Mendez.

SPORTS LINEUP Submit events to or call 619-388-3880

n March 25, Tuesday Baseball at Palomar 2 PM M. Tennis vs Mesa 2 PM W. Tennis at Mesa 2 PM

n March 28, Friday Badminton at Fullerton 2 PM Softball at Southwestern 3 PM M.Volleyball vs Orange Coast 6 PM

n March 26, Wednesday M.Volleyball at Golden West 1 PM

n March 29, Saturday Softball vs Compton 12P Softball vs Compton 2 PM

n March 27, Thursday Baseball vs Palomar 2 PM M. Tennis at IVC 2 PM W. Tennis vs IVC 2 PM


n March 31, Monday M.Volleyball vs Palomar 1 PM

and foxes. People think that foxes Continued from Page 4 deceive or disguise. People also think that women wear makeup to disguise themselves and people think ill of foxes as they disguise themselves,” said lead singer Su Metal in an interview on the Japanese TV show “Hot Wave.” The vocals are another major focal point. It’s not everyday that you find a young vocalist like Su-metal with a strong vocal range. Her vocals combined with Moametal and Yuimetal’s idol vocal style and the growls and screams from the backing band make for an interesting listening experience.

n April 2, Wednesday Softball vs Palomar 2 PM n April 3, Thursday Baseball at Southwestern 2 PM M. Tennis at Desert 2 PM n April 4, Friday Softball at Grossmont 3 PM n April 5, Saturday Baseball vs Southwestern 12PM

The flow from track to track is seamless. Each song has its own unique sound, changing from genre to genre in an instant giving the listener a whole new experience with each passing song. Highlights on the album include the cute hip-hop influenced “Ii ne!!,” the dark and heavy intro to the album “BABYMETAL DEATH,” the upbeat synth pop driven “Doki Doki Morning,” the high energy power pop influenced “Headbanger” and the melodic album closer “Ijime, Dame, Zettai.” BABYMETAL’s self-titled debut is a testament of just how far you take music and experiment with it. Metal is versatile; it isn’t just brutal, hard in-your-face rhythms and melodic guitar riffs. It can be cute, fun and youthful too. | March 25, 2014



No se rindan en obtener la ciudadanía Pintan la ciudadanía como una oportunidad que te cambia la vida, pero para muchos de MEDIO SOCIAL inmigrantes la clase trabaSandra Galindo jadora es una meta inalcanzable. Eso es lo que he percibido caminando las calles por tres años como encuestadora. Al visitar sus casas y preguntarles si hay alguien que pueda votar en ese hogar, las razones que me han dado para no hacerse ciudadanos varían. Algunos responden que no aspiran a hacerlo porque consideran que no hay diferencia entre ser ciudadanos estadounidenses y ser residentes permanentes legales, mientras puedan trabajar legalmente y pagar sus impuestos. Otros con más seguridad económica sólo esperan el tiempo de espera obligatorio de cinco años para solicitar este cambio de estatus. Ellos aseguran que siendo ciudadanos es la única forma en que sus derechos cívicos van a ser respetados; también es importante para ellos poder votar y que sus voces se escuchen. Muchos otros residentes temporales ven como impedimento tener un examen de 10 preguntas sobre la historia y el gobierno de los Estados Unidos de una lista de 100 en un lenguaje que no es el de ellos. Están resignados a esperar a cumplir cierta edad y no tener que tomar la prueba de inglés. (No tienen que tomar la prueba de inglés si tienen por lo menos 50 años de edad y han vivido como un inmigrante legal permanente por 20 años, o tienen por lo menos 55 años de edad y tienen 15 años como residente permanente legal.) Pero la mayoría de ellos me contesta con impotencia que no se hacen ciudadanos aun

por falta de acceso, al no contar con los medios económicos necesarios para hacerlo. Independientemente de que son los candidatos ideales para lograrlo, pues algunos llevan ya décadas teniendo el mismo estatus migratorio, el costo de $680, reduce la posibilidad de hacerlo. Muchos aseguran que se encuentran constantemente en la disyuntiva de elegir entre pagar la renta o pagar la cuota para la ciudadanía; una elección difícil, especialmente si sobreviven en trabajos mal pagados o peor aún, si están desempleados. Algunos saben de la importancia de convertirse en ciudadanos debido a los constantes cambios en las políticas migratorias que pueden afectarlos al ser solo residentes legales -- por ejemplo, ser deportados tras ser arrestado por manejar bajo la influencia de

gramas del Employee Rights Center (Centro de los Derechos de los Trabajadores), Alor Calderón, quien me habló de un taller de inmigración que se daría en nuestra escuela, San Diego City College. También me informó de algo sumamente importante para mi: Podía solicitar no tener que pagar la cuota para hacerme ciudadana. Inmediatamente me contacté con la abogada de inmigración del centro, Fabiola Navarro, quien empezó a trabajar en ese centro en junio del 2012. Navarro me confirmó que al recibir estampillas de comida, ayuda económica o ser como en mi caso, jefe de hogar con bajos recursos, no tendría que pagar la cuota de $680. Mi primera cita con la licenciada fue en agosto del 2012, cuando preparamos mi solicitud para la ciudadanía y para la exención de cuota (llamado “fee waiver” in inglés). Pagué $200 en total al centro por ayudarme a solicitar la ciudadanía. Para finales de septiembre ya había recibido mi cita para sacar mis huellas digitales. Hice mi examen de solamente cuatro preguntas en octubre, después del cual lloré de emoción al escuchar que lo había pasado. A principios de diciembre del mismo año, ya era yo ciudadana de Estados Unidos, junto con más de 100 personas de diferentes nacionalidades, sobresaliendo por un gran margen los mexicanos. Ahora, tengo muchas más opciones cuando busco trabajo. Y cuando haya elecciones en mi comunidad podré emitir mi voto, algo que recomiendo en cada casa que visito en mis recorridos por las calles. Información bilingüe de cómo hacerse ciudadano se encuentra en el sitio, además de una lista de talleres y foros locales donde organizaciones comunitarias ayudan a inmigrantes a naturalizarse de forma gratuita.

alcohol -- reconocen que cambiar su estatus migratorio por ahora tiene que esperar. En una encuesta dada a conocer en junio 27 del 2013 por el Pew Research Center se indicó que la mayoría de los migrantes hispanos que son elegibles para ser ciudadanos aún no lo han hecho. Sólo un 46 por ciento de migrantes hispanos elegibles para naturalizarse lo hace. El estudio también indicó que la tasa de naturalización es particularmente baja entre el grupo más grande de migrantes hispanos, los mexicanos, de entre los cuales sólo el 36 por ciento se ha naturalizado. Hubo un tiempo que yo también fui parte de estas estadísticas. Con más de 26 años de residente permanente legal en este país, el factor económico siempre fue un impedimento para hacerme ciudadana. Un día conocí al director de pro- See for column in English.

Centro ofrece ayuda para trabajadores By Sandra Galindo City Times Portada del nuevo album de Ilya “In Blood.” Courtesy Photo

Goza de una semana musical

Con mucha anticipación se aproximan las esperadas vacaciones de primavera. Algunos de nosotros iremos fuera de la ciudad, otros usarán el tiempo para…tratar de actualizarse con sus estudios y otros aprovecharán relajarse y dar un paseo por San Diego. Cualquiera que sea tu destino, ocuparás buena música donde mores. La tienda de música M-Theory a la orilla de MisEdwin Rendón sion Hills sobre la calle West Washington con Goldfinch, tiene desde 2001 surtiendo lo mejor de música indie rock. Tiene CD’s a LP’s, más otros géneros, desde electrónica a hip-hop y jazz a blues. Entre esta mezcla puedes contar con una articulada selección de álbumes usados a buen descuento; hay gemas esperando ser descubiertas. M-Theory también tiene músicos invitados locales, nacionales e internacionales tocando en su íntima tienda. Hace unos días, el joven rockero inglés Jake Bugg tocó un set acústico y sus fans sobrellenaron la tienda hasta la banqueta. ¡Esta teoría de música lleva buena fórmula! Si atrasado en tus estudios estás, no hay como encontrar


un buen café tranquilo con pulso de música ecléctica, un buen latté o té y un sándwich o postre. Subterranean Coffee Boutique en la 3764 de la Calle 30 en North Park tiene amplias opciones en bebidas (frías y calientes), pareadas con un bocadillo para el desayuno, merienda o cena y una galleta vegana o rebanada de pastel sin gluten. Hay degustación para cualquier tema escolar. Con rolas buenas para escuchar y un surtido de bonita joyería de artesanos locales, libros y otras cositas originales puedes empezar temprano y quedarte tarde. Hablando de lo auténtico, la banda sandieguina, Ilya está por debutar su tercer trabajo discográfico el primer de abril, “En Sangre” (In Blood). Su música sale mezclada como escenas de sueños conmovedores llenando tus oídos de arte musical serpenteando entre temas con influencias de rock y trip-hop, ritmos infecciosos, letra brillante imbuida en melancolía y amor. El grupo resplandecerá de nuevo en vivo el 5 abril en The Irenic, en el corazón de North Park. El boleto para este concierto divino es $10 a $12 y será dado en un espacio de espectáculos que antes era una iglesia. Se derramará tu alma si no te aprovechas de estas propuestas. Confeso que no hay nada como la música pero no te pases de ritmo; ¡regresamos a City el 7 de abril! Comparte con nosotros tus lugares favoritos que son buenos, bonitos y baratos: See for column in English.

¿Tu empleador no te pagó? ¿Necesitas seguro de desempleo? ¿Tienes un problema con Inmigración? El Employee Rights Center (Centro para los Derechos de Empleados), ubicado en la comunidad de City Heights y con una pequeña presencia en City College, ayuda a los empleados de bajos recursos a resolver este tipo de problemas, entre muchos más. A través de sus varios programas, defensores y voluntarios bilingües del centro representan a trabajadores ante los foros administrativos y en la tribunas. Proveen estos servicios a bajo costo o de forma gratuita. El centro (ERC, por sus siglas en inglés) fue establecido en 1999 y comenzó como un programa muy pequeño del Fondo de Educación Laboral de San Diego, una organización sin fines de lucro estrechamente afiliado con el Consejo Laboral. Se desarrolló un centro cuya filosofía es educar a los trabajadores, ayudarlos a resolver sus problemas de trabajo, y desarrollar su liderazgo. Desde el 2003, Alor F. Calderón funge como el director de programas en el centro. Calderón explicó cómo el organismo puede ayudar a los estudiantes de City College: “Muchos de los estudiantes de City College son también trabajadores, y como tal necesitan conocer sus derechos.” Employee Rights Center está ubicado en 4265 Fairmount Ave., Oficina 210, San Diego, CA 92105. Informes generales al (619) 521-1372 y Fax (619) 283-7998 y la pagina web es: El centro también tiene una oficina pequeña en City College, en donde se da asesoría a trabajadores y estudiantes de lunes a jueves de 11 a.m. a 2 p.m. en el edificio de Ayuda Financiera A-113 E. See for column in English.


City Times is the student newspaper of San Diego City College.