SAN DIEGO COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT
LEEDing THE WAY April 7, 2009
David Umstot, PE Vice Chancellor Facilities Management яБо1
Three Colleges (City, Mesa and Miramar), Six Continuing Education Campuses
Students – 150,522 in Academic Year 2007-08
Employees – 4,900
Districtwide square footage – 2,218,031
Green Building Policy ď Ž The
Board of Trustees is committed to environmental stewardship as a fundamental operational objective and integral to the strategy of fulfilling our educational mission.
ď Ž The Th
Board B d off Trustees T t further f th recognizes i its it fiscal fi l responsibility to use taxpayers' dollars wisely for the long-term, eschewing the short-term economy where there is a better long-range long range investment investment.
ď Ž The
goal of this policy is to provide District students, faculty and staff with working and learning environments i t that th t are healthy, h lth thermally, th ll visually i ll and d acoustically comfortable; energy efficient; material efficient; water efficient; easy to maintain and operate; safe and secure and sited in an environmentally responsible manner. 3
Green Building Policy Implementation Performance Goals Exceed
Title 24 of California Code of Regulations energy efficiency ffi i standards t d d b by att lleastt 10% 10%.
percent of the energy utilized by the project must be renewable with at least 5 percent generated on site site.
at least 75% of construction and demolition debris from landfills.
formal LEEDTM certification with a minimum of 33 points resulting in a LEEDTM Silver rating, with a goal pp p projects. j of LEEDTM Gold on applicable
Green Building Policy Implementation Methodology ď ŽIncorporate
life-cycle costing that includes initial construction costs, costs operating costs, costs maintenance repair and replacement costs to evaluate the longterm investment value of design alternatives
design so that buildings systems are designed to perform as a whole rather than as component parts with an emphasis on efficiency and performance
commissioning g and facility y performance p evaluations to assure that the building systems meet the occupant requirements and design intent
Total Cost of Ownership Example
50 year design life
100,000 square foot classroom building
Design and construction cost - $30 million
Capital Renewal: 2 percent of current replacement value (APPA benchmark)
O&M Budget $5.69/square foot
Inflation: 3 percent
Savings in O&M and Capital Renewal Total Cost of Ow nership
Save 5% in Cap. Renewal
D&C: Cap.R: O&M: Total:
$30M $101M $149M $ $280M
Savings S i Total NPV $5M $1.1M $15M $ $ $3.4M $20M $4.4M
Save 10% in O&M
Environmental Sustainability Policy ď ŽEnvironmental
sustainability is an essential goal of the Di t i t Global District. Gl b l warming, i di diminishing i i hi resources and d escalating costs of energy and rubbish disposal require that management g at all levels focus on the efficient and effective use of energy and resources. This policy expresses the Boardâ€™s intent to implement a Districtwide Environmental Sustainability program within the constraints of current staff authorization.
WHEREAS, the San Diego Community College District is a regional leader of sustainability and green applications; WHEREAS greenhouse WHEREAS, h gas emissions i i endanger d th the S San Di Diego environment, health, and economy; WHEREAS, clean air and water are critical issues for all San Diegans, and transportation-related (e.g., automobile, truck, train, and ship) air pollution has a negative impact on public health and the environment; WHEREAS, sustainability, by definition, is a fundamental issue of importance in the 21st century; and WHEREAS there is tremendous mutual benefit for the institutions of the WHEREAS, San Diego Community College District and the region to develop and implement policies supporting environmental sustainability outreach ad integration; NOW THEREFORE NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, RESOLVED th thatt the th San S Diego Di C Community it College District proclaims that as an institution of higher education, it will exercise leadership, both on campus and throughout the community ; by modeling sustainability practices in daily activities,; by influencing future campus plans l th thatt promote t sustainable t i bl applications; li ti and db by sharing h i knowledge of and expertise in environmental sustainability issues. 10
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEEDTM) provides standards for environmentally sustainable construction.
New Construction: LEED-NC is designed to guide and distinguish hi h high-performance f commercial i l and d iinstitutional tit ti l projects, j t iincluding l di office buildings, high-rise residential buildings, government buildings, recreational facilities, manufacturing plants and laboratories. Existing Buildings: LEED-EB LEED EB addresses whole-building whole building cleaning and maintenance issues (including chemical use), recycling programs, exterior maintenance programs, and systems upgrades. Commercial Interiors: LEED-CI applies to commercial interiors for the tenant improvement market. Core and Shell: LEED-CS applies to base building elements such as structure, envelope and the HVAC system and is meant to be compatible with CI. CI 11
LEEDTM Scoring There
are 69 points available for LEED new construction projects in these categories: Sustainable Site (14 possible points) Water Efficiency (5 possible points) Energy E and d At Atmosphere h (17 possible ibl points) i t ) Materials and Resources (13 possible points) Indoor Environmental Quality (15 possible points) Innovation I ti in i Design D i (5 possible ibl points) i t )
LEEDTM Prerequisites Construction
activity pollution prevention
commissioning of the building energy systems; minimum energy performance; fundamental refrigerant management
and collection of recyclables
indoor air quality performance, environmental tobacco smoke control
LEEDTM Levels Certification: Silver: Gold:
26 - 32 points
33 - 38 points 39 - 51 points
52 - 69 points
West City Campus
West City Campus The
brand new, nearly 39,000 square foot two-story West City Campus building is the newest Continuing Education learning facility in the San Diego Community College District.
50 percent of project material was obtained locally
LEEDTM Gold Certification.
Diego Excellence in Energy Award Nominee
Society of Civil Engineers Award Nominee
LEED Scorecard/Sustainable Sites
Water Efficiency/Energy and Atmosphere
Materials & Resources
Indoor Environmental Quality/ Innovation & Design Process
Detention Basin ď ŽWater
efficient landscaping and detention basin.
Waterless Plumbing ď Ž
Low-flow and waterless plumbing fixtures reduce water consumption by over 40 percent, saving an estimated ti t d 386 386,000 000 gallons of water per year.
Economizer Units ď ŽRoof-top economizer units will ill circulate i l t ffresh h air i iinto t the building.
ď Ž Window
Overhangs reduce solar heat gain and cooling loads.
Project Recycling ď Ž Sorting
and Recycling diverted approximately 90 percent of project construction waste-approximately 200 tons from local tons--from landfills.
Sustainable Features ď ŽA high percentage of new construction materials are made from f recycled materials, including countertops made from recycled newsprint, fences made from recycled plastics and play surfaces made from recycled tires.
Solatube Operable Skylight
Low E L E-rated t d windows i d and d solar tubes to maximize natural daylight.
Green Furniture Policy The
San Diego Community College District works with furniture vendors who are: Practicing
responsible manufacturing Demonstrating a corporate-wide commitment to reduce waste, air emissions and effluent discharges Developing strategies to reduce water and energy use and minimize the impact of manufacturing on the environment Designing and producing products and materials with a high percentage of recycled content Using g cradle-to-cradle design g concepts p
District’s Green Building Policy calls for us to support and work with firms and professionals that are LEED credentialed or follow LEED principles.
GREENGUARD C Certification tifi ti provides id a standard t d d ffor furniture and interior products and can earn points toward LEED certification.
To receive certification, the GREENGUARD Environmental Institute (GEI) tests products for low chemical emission levels.
Green Furniture ď Ž
Manufacturing processes call for the recycling, reusing, refurbishing, reconfiguring wherever possible. ibl
Career Technology Center att Cit City C College ll
Career Technology Center
Brown Field Redevelopment ď Ž
Removal of contaminated soil at City College Career Technology Center 10 former USTs and burn ash contributed to the contamination
Career Technology Center LEEDTM Silver Certification 10.5 level parking structure minimizes urban footprint Photovoltaic system installed on roof and parking structure south façade will provide more than th 7 percentt off the th building’s b ildi ’ ttotal t l energy needs Building B ilding enclos enclosure re and electrical ssystems stems are integrated to achieve significant daylighting of public areas Seeking
Sustainable Features Drought
tolerant landscaping and plumbing fixture approach reduces water consumption and sewage by more than 50 percent over a standard building Extensive use of recycled materials, such as terrazzo flooring g that contains 100 p percent post-consumer glass and scrap material Indoor air q quality y maximized by y the use of materials with low chemical content, increased ventilation, and outside air delivery monitoring i i 36
Low Hanging Fruit
Green-focused graphic signage will guide visitors i it th through h th the b building’s ildi ’ sustainable t i bl features. Di t i t is District i purchasing h i renewable bl power.
Miramar College Partial Master Plan
Storm Water Design
ď Ž Miramar Mi
C College ll storm t water containment system.
Miramar College ď Ž Water-efficient
llandscaping d i uses reclaimed water.
District-wide we are looking to install 2 MW of photovoltaic h t lt i capacity it th through hP Power Purchase Agreements.
Once on-line this power will meet approximately 10 percent of the District’s electrical l ti ld demand. d
Building g Information Modeling g High Performance Designâ€”Sun studies can be done for the building or for individual spaces. Daylight, Energy Performance and Acoustic Performance all can be tested in the model.
Miramar College Classroom Buildings Sustainable Design--Classroom building with PV panels on sloped roofs. BIM was used to ensure that at key times of year the panels would not be in shade to optimize their efficiency.
PV on Parking Structure ď ŽModel of Miramar College parking structure and police substation showing PV panels.
Mesa College ď ŽPhotovoltaic
trellises lli on parking structure.
Mesa College ď Ž Selected
Glass Panels on Parking Structure Allow g for Natural Ventilation and Aesthetic Building.
Geothermal Heat Exchange ď Ž Currently
evaluating feasibility of using this system in lieu of expanding central plant for 400-ton load of future Learning Resource Center.
Geothermal Heat Exchange g Process Flow Diagram
Geothermal Heat Exchange
Electrical Usage (KWH)
06 12 .
12 00 12.00
KWH per Square Foot
8.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00 2000 01 2001-02 2000-01 2001 02 2002-03 2002 03 2003-04 2003 04 2004-05 2004 05 2005-06 2005 06 2006-07 2006 07 2007-08 2007 08
Electric Usage Despite
adding more than 450,000 square feet of building space space, the District’s District s use of electricity has remained constant or decreased.
significant decline in 2005-2006 was due to adding a micro-turbine at Mesa College and a cogeneration plant at Miramar College College.
Gas Usage (THERMS) Therms per square foot
0. 3 0. 2 0. 2
0 0. 4
0 25 0.25 0.20 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.00 2000-01
Natural Gas Usage Natural gas usage decreased steadily until 20042005 when an increase occurred as a result of the installation of a gas-fired cogeneration plant at Miramar College. ď Ž The increase in gas usage is offset by the decrease in electrical consumption, saving the District $200 000 annually $200,000 annually. ď Ž
Water Usage (HCF)
Water Usage Water
usage has declined every year despite adding more than 450,000 450 000 square feet of building space and 137,153 square feet of landscape space.
has installed waterless urinals and low-flow fixtures.
District Di t i t
iis pursuing i a 50 percentt reduction d ti iin water used for irrigation by installing Cal Sense Irrigation g Systems y as a result of grants from the San Diego County Water Authority. 56
Calsense Water Management
Waste Diversion The
San Diego Community College District continues to divert a significantly higher percentage of its waste stream than required by California legislation (50%).
Office/District Service Center
Questions “An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea id whose h titime h has come.”” – Victor Hugo Contact Information: David Umstot, PE Vice Chancellor Chancellor, Facilities Management San Diego Community College District 3375 Camino del Rio South S Diego, San Di CA 92108 619.388.6546 firstname.lastname@example.org www.sdccd.edu 59