October 2011 • Volume 45 • Number 9
An Aloha Experience—2011 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting
APS-IPPC Joint Meeting Recordings Available The scientific research presented at the APS-IPPC Joint Meeting was top notch. This year, conference recordings were made of all presentations (with author approval) given at the meeting and are now available online. This is an excellent way to view presentations from the meeting and increase your scientific knowledge whether or not you attended the meeting. Watch for future promotions and visit APSnet to view the list of presentations available from the 2011 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting. n
With more than 1,600 attendees, 35 special sessions, 1,200 abstracts, five beautiful sun- and ocean-breezefilled days, and one fire dancer, this year’s meeting was one of the best! Attendees from 55 countries were treated to the highest level of science, a maze of more than 1,000 posters spanning the Exhibit Hall, wonderful local cuisine, and the chance to connect with top-notch researchers, some who braved 20 hours or more on a plane to reach Honolulu, HI, to be a part of the 2011 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting August 6–10. The meeting was held jointly with the International Association for Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS), which proved to make it a truly international event. The joint meeting began early for some with spectacular field trips. The unique agricultural conditions and tropical flora of Hawaii created a true paradise for 2011 President John Sherwood welcomed plant pathologists, with some meeting attendees even venturing to the various islands in the chain. Field trips members and attendees to the 103rd meeting of APS. continued Tuesday afternoon, with hundreds of plant pathologists getting the chance to view the botanical gardens, museums, and local farms or hike the rain forest. Many photos have been shared with the APS Facebook Group—get your fill of the local fungi and more at www.facebook.com. A sense of “aloha” prevailed as President John Sherwood welcomed members and meeting attendees to the 103rd meeting of APS during the Opening General Session and Awards and Honors Ceremony on Sunday. A recording of the full session is available online at www. scientificsocieties.org/aps/opensess. The Hawaiian location influenced the special and technical sessions, which often focused on the tropical connection or on international perspectives to reflect the centrality of the islands. Sunday concluded with 18 lively alumni socials featuring many old friends and a packed Welcome Reception with Exhibition and Posters. More than 1,600 attendees ventured to Hawaii for the 2011 Joint Meeting.
The Plenary Session was well attended Monday, as Sherwood introduced Plenary Speakers Roger Beachy, An Aloha Experience continued on page 147
New Reports Added to Plant Disease Management Reports, Volume 5 More than 100 new trials were recently added to Plant Disease Management Reports (PDMR) Vol. 5. Now there are 537 searchable efficacy trials in this volume and a total of more than 6,000 reports across all online volumes. PDMR covers fungicides, nematicides, resistant varieties, and other biological controls that protect agricultural and horticultural crops from disease. Each one- to two-page report consists of a summary outlining trial conditions and results. Test plot trial data, also in the report, includes treatment rates, application timings, and other pertinent efficacy data for each product tested. APS members can have continuous access to all volumes of PDMR, F&N Tests, and B&C Tests online for $38 yearly. This subscription also includes access to other Plant Management Network resources, such as Arthropod Management Tests, applied crop science journals, webcasts, targeted extension searches, image collections, proceedings, and more. To subscribe or learn more, visit www. plantmanagementnetwork.org/subscriptions. n
In this Issue Editor’s Corner ........................................ 146 Meetings ................................................. 148 Policy Update .......................................... 150 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting Highlights ....... 152
APS Foundation ...................................... 154 Division News ......................................... 155 OIP News & Views ................................. 156 People ..................................................... 157
Classifieds ................................................ 158 APS Journal Articles ................................ 159 Calendar of Events .................................. 160
October 2011 • Volume 45 • Number 9
Editor-in-Chief: Doug Jardine Managing Editor: Michelle Bjerkness Editor: Amanda Aranowski Design: Agnes Walker Advertising Sales: Karen Deuschle Phytopathology News (ISSN 0278-0267) is published eleven times per year by The American Phytopathological Society (APS) at 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121 U.S.A. Phone: +1.651.454.7250, Fax: +1.651.454.0766, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Web: www.apsnet.org. Phytopathology News is distributed to all APS members. Subscription price to nonmembers is $69 U.S./$81 Elsewhere. Periodicals paid at St. Paul, MN. CPC Intl Pub Mail #0969249. Postmaster: Send address changes to Phytopathology News, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121 U.S.A. Submission Guidelines Address all editorial correspondence to: Doug Jardine, Department of Plant Pathology, 4024 Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506-5502 U.S.A. Phone: +1.785.532.1386; Fax: +1.785.532.5692; E-mail: PhytoNewsEditor@scisoc.org. In order to ensure timely publication of your news items and announcements, please send in material six weeks prior to the date of publication. Material should be no more than six months old when submitted. Submission of materials as electronic files, via e-mail, will speed processing. For information on submitting electronic images contact Agnes Walker at email@example.com. Deadline for submitting items for the November 2011 issue is September 15, 2011.
APS Leadership Council President: Carol A. Ishimaru President-Elect: Michael J. Boehm Vice President: George S. Abawi Immediate Past President: John L. Sherwood Internal Communications Officer: David M. Gadoury Treasurer: Randall C. Rowe Treasurer-Elect: Steven A. Slack Senior Councilor-at-Large: Anne E. Dorrance Intermediate Councilor-at-Large: Walter F. Mahaffee Junior Councilor-at-Large: Jeff B. Jones Divisional Councilor: David G. Schmale III Publications Councilor: Anthony P. Keinath Executive Vice President: Steven C. Nelson Editors-in-Chief APS PRESS: Margery L. Daughtrey MPMI: Gary Stacey Phytopathology: Niklaus J. GrÜnwald Phytopathology News: Doug J. Jardine Plant Disease: R. Mike Davis Plant Disease Management Reports: Frank P. Wong Plant Health Progress: Ned A. Tisserat The Plant Health Instructor: Anton B. Baudoin Board and Office Chairs and Directors APS Foundation Chair: Ray D. Martyn Divisional Forum Chair: Jim E. Adaskaveg PPB Chair: Jan E. Leach Publications Board Chair: Anthony P. Keinath OEC Director: Seogchan Kang OIP Director: Sally A. Miller OIR Director: Brian D. Olson OPRO Director: Monica L. Elliott AMB Director: Scott T. Adkins AXMB Director: Rick Bennett Division Officers Caribbean Divisional Forum Rep.: Lawrence Datnoff President: Ronald D. French-Monar Vice President: Judith K. Brown Secretary-Treasurer: Aaron Palmateer North Central Divisional Forum Rep.: Tamra Jackson President: Anne Dorrance Vice President: James Stack Secretary-Treasurer: Carl Bradley Northeastern Divisional Forum Rep.: Wade H. Elmer President: Russell J. Tweddell Vice President: Beth K. Gugino Secretary-Treasurer: Christian A. Wyenandt Pacific Divisional Forum Rep.: Jim E. Adaskaveg President: Debra A. Inglis President-Elect: Themis Michailides Secretary-Treasurer: Akif Eskalen Potomac Divisional Forum Rep.: Daniel Roberts President: Boris A. Vinatzer Vice President: Yilmaz Balci Secretary-Treasurer: Bingyu Zhao Southern Divisional Forum Rep.: Timothy B. Brenneman President: David Langston President-Elect: Raymond W. Schneider Vice President: Jason Woodward Secretary-Treasurer: Donald M. Ferrin
146 Phytopathology News
Editor’s Corner Enjoying the Sights and Recognizing Colleagues Doug Jardine, Kansas State University, PhytoNewsEditor@scisoc.org In this issue, you will find highlights of the recently completed meeting in Honolulu, HI. Attendance exceeded all expectations and many attendees took the opportunity to arrive early, stay late, or do both in order to enjoy the tropical paradise that is our 50th state. I, along with my wife, was one of those who did both. Some of my personal highlights included snorkeling in Kealakekua Bay where British Captain James Cook’s world tour came to a rather abrupt end; visiting the Pu’uhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park (formerly known as the City of Refuge); hiking through the lava fields of Kilauea Volcano; enjoying the vistas of Waimea Canyon State Park, the Grand Canyon of Hawaii; and a sobering day spent at Pearl Harbor visiting the Arizona Memorial and Museum, Doug Jardine the USS Missouri where World War II came to an end, and the Pacific Aviation Museum on Ford Island where bullet holes from the December 7, 1942, attack can still be seen in the windows of hangers. I would be interested to hear what other attendees’ highlights were. It is interesting to note that in the October 1981 issue of Phytopathology News, an annual meeting survey was conducted to see if the society should meet in Hawaii or Puerto Rico. It took only 30 years for us to actually meet in Hawaii. Will we ever make it to Puerto Rico? The only time we have met jointly with the Caribbean Division outside of the United States was in 1972 when the meeting was held in Mexico City. On another note, as I looked through back issues of Phytopathology News from 10, 20, and 30 years ago, October is traditionally the month when the call for APS award nominations is made. See the August-September issue for this year’s call. The recognition of members for their achievements is an important role of any professional society such as APS. Most of us are thrilled to be recognized for our accomplishments, but significantly fewer of us are similarly thrilled with the task of putting together nomination packages, yet it is important that we take the time to do this. Take some time to review the awards available and the criteria for selection and look around you to see which colleagues may be deserving of an APS award and then, perhaps with the help of one or more other colleagues, take the time to prepare a nomination packet. If they should be selected, I would bet that you will have a sense of satisfaction not too dissimilar from theirs. n
2010 Art in Phytopathology Submission: Strawberry infected with Botrytis spp. Venkatesan Parkunan, Citrus Research and Education Center, Florida
Creating faces of my friends and family members on fruits and vegetables has been notoriously humorous and became my hobby. When I took this strawberry picture for my “Dirtiest Job” [contest] video in 2008 I did not know that I would be using it to create a funny face of me, but I finally did it after overcoming all my fear. Hopefully, members of APS will remember me. n
An Aloha Experience continued from page 145
Elske van de Fliert, Richard Tapia, and Robert Ziegler, who spoke on global issues facing agriculture and feeding a growing population. After each presentation, meeting attendees were invited to ask questions and make comments, taking advantage of the knowledge provided by the esteemed speakers and relating the messages to plant health. View the full Plenary Session presentations online at www.scientificsocieties.org/aps/plensess2011. As the meeting closed Wednesday, the view from the landscaped Convention Center rooftop provided a beautiful sunset for the Final Night Luau and Polynesian Spectacular. Meeting attendees enjoyed the luau delights, including four roast suckling pigs and an array of foods reflecting the native cuisine. Presentations of dances from around the Pacific wowed the crowd, including an amazing finale featuring a Polynesian fire dancer, followed by a few of the meeting’s own very talented dancers.
Polynesian fire dancer at the Final Night Luau and Polynesian Spectacular.
“Mahalo” to the attendees, speakers, volunteers, exhibitors, and presenters who made this such an amazing and unforgettable event! See pages 152–153 for photo highlights, and visit the updated meeting website at www.apsnet.org/ meet for more photos and videos of the big event. Be sure to join the APS Facebook group for additional photos, videos, and updates throughout the year. n
APS Appoints Scott Gold Director of the New Office of Education Scott Gold, professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, has been appointed director of the new Office of Education for a three-year term. The Office of Education was formed to coordinate and provide leadership to the efforts of the society in promoting the importance of plant pathology in curricula and the need to support the educational development of plant pathologists. As director, Gold will lead a substantially expanded effort of national scope with the following immediate goals: identify and implement the most effective means to communicate and promote the content of the Education Center to primary and secondary educators and for professional development; Scott Gold develop and pursue opportunities for development of new high-impact content to increase public and professional awareness of the value of plant pathology; and create, identify, and pursue high-impact opportunities to reach elite undergraduate scholars for recruitment as professional plant pathologists. n
AC Diagnostics, Inc. We Believe In Diagnostics ELISA tests for 300 plant pathogens New Products: Immunocapture PCR Kits, Food Safety Tests, and Lab Equipments with 100% customer satisfaction. Please contact us for more detailed information www.acdiainc.com; (479) 595-0320; firstname.lastname@example.org
Genetics Erica M. Goss, Genetics Committee Chair, email@example.com The Genetics Committee broadly aims to promote and support the use of genetics in plant pathology. Genetic analysis has been fundamental to the science of plant pathology since Flor’s gene-for-gene concept. The application of functional genomics approaches to long-standing problems, such as the breakdown of host resistance and fungicide resistance in pathogens, ensures that genetics will continue be central to plant pathology. Interests of committee members include molecular genetics, genomics, breeding, and population genetics. Increasing interest among members in genomics and its application to plant pathology has led to a proposed name change to Genetics and Functional Genomics. The Genetics Committee can be distinguished from the Host Resistance Committee and the Molecular and Cellular Phytopathology Committee in the tendency of its membership toward interest in the genetics of the pathogen and in the breadth of its mission. In this rapidly advancing field, the Genetics Committee strives to present the latest developments in the variety of subdisciplines of plant pathology that involve genetics and to educate the APS membership on modern tools and techniques. At the 2011 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting the committee sponsored a special session on Fungal Comparative Genomics and the Impact of Next Generation Sequencing and a workshop on Contemporary Methods in Population Genetics for Plant Pathology. For more information or to get involved in the planning of future special sessions and workshops, please contact Committee Chair Erica Goss, emgoss@ ufl.edu, or Committee Vice Chair Steven J. Klosterman, steve.klosterman@ars. usda.gov. n
IMPORTANT APS DATES TO REMEMBER November 2011 1 Nominations due for 2012 APS Awards December 2011 1 Proposals due for 2012 OIP Global Experience Program 15 John and Ann Niederhauser Endowment (JANE) proposals due Phytopathology News 147
Creativity Flowed with the 2011 Art in Phytopathology Contest Put on by the APS Graduate Student Committee, the Art in Phytopathology Contest accepts submissions of plant disease photography and/or manipulations of disease snapshots. This year they had a great number of entries, and creativity flowed. The winner of this year’s Best in Show Award and first place in the Arts and Crafts Category was “Which Came First: The Sporangium or the Zoospore?” by Amara Dunn, a graduate student from Cornell University. Other winners included “Digitally Altered Citrus Greening First-Place Winner in the Arts and Leaf Symptoms Crafts Category, “Which Came First: The in a Floral Sporangium or the Zoospore?” by Amara Pattern” in the Dunn. Digitally Altered Category and “Citrus Pathologist Shirt” in the Wacky/ Humor Category by Venkatesan Parkunan, a research associate at the Citrus Research and Education Center. Francisco Flores, Oklahoma State University, won first in the Microscopic Category for his submission, “Turtle Neck.” In the Nature/Whole Plant Category, “Pacific Coast Cedar Rust” by Roger Wise, a research geneticist for the USDA Venkatesan Parkunan’s “Digitally Altered ARS, took first. All entries can be viewed at www.apsnet.org/members/ apsleadership/comm/Pages/ArtinPhytopathology.aspx. n
Citrus Greening Leaf Symptoms in a Floral Pattern” won first place in the Digitally Altered Category.
Summer Research Scholars Program at Cornell Twenty-four scholars participated in a summer research experience for undergraduates based at Cornell University’s Agricultural Experiment Station at Geneva. The Summer Research Scholars Program recruits nationally. Students are offered support for travel and a stipend and are housed at nearby Hobart and William Smith College. Students accepted into the program can choose from a variety of research projects. The students are mentored by faculty, post-doctoral and visiting scientists, and graduate students. They are also encouraged to participate in a field-oriented course in agricultural diseases and pests, where they visit small fruit, tree fruit, and vegetable production fields; golf courses; forest, shade tree, and ornamental plantings; grains and forage crops; and vineyard and winery operations. The summer session culminates in a conference where the scholars present posters on their research. Applications for 2012 and further information can be found at www.scholars.pppmb.cals.cornell.edu. n
This year’s Cornell Summer Research Scholars Program participants. 148 Phytopathology News
Meetings Twenty-Sixth Annual Tomato Disease Workshop The 26th Annual Tomato Disease Workshop (TDW) will take place October 11–13, 2011, in Ithaca, NY. The meeting’s goal is to provide a forum for presentations of new products and recent research results targeting tomato diseases. The meeting’s scope includes tomato disease etiology, pathogen epidemiology, breeding for disease resistance, and use of chemical, cultural, and biological disease management strategies. The TDW remains the only workshop that is devoted entirely to the presentation of up-todate information on currently critical tomato disease problems in the United States. Register and learn more about this important meeting at http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/ TDW/index.html. n
Nucleic-Acid-Based Pathogen Detection Workshop A hands-on workshop for applied plant pathologists on nucleic-acid-based pathogen detection will be held at the University of Kentucky in Lexington. The workshop will begin on Tuesday, February 7, 2012, with introductory lectures and lab activities suited for those with little PCR experience. All participants—beginners and experienced alike— will attend from Wednesday morning, February 8, 2012, through mid-day Friday, February 10, during which time participants will design, execute, and interpret three real-time PCR experiments (SYBR Green and Taqman assays). Presentations and discussions will include basic theory of real-time PCR, experimental controls, PCR inhibition, use of PCR kits, verifying amplicon identity, arrays, minimizing contamination, troubleshooting, sequencing (direct vs. cloning), and selecting fluorophores. Activities and discussions will be included on interpreting BLAST searches and the use of curated genomics databases. Topics covered briefly but not in-depth include quantification and primer design. Registration will be $250 and $300 for Wednesday to Friday and Tuesday to Friday, respectively. For more information, contact Paul Vincelli (firstname.lastname@example.org). n
Yes, weâ€™ve got you covered... There are many types of plant stress that defy easy, reliable, and fast field measurements. Opti-Sciences provides solutions for almost every type. The New OS1p- Capable of detecting most types of plant stress.
Early Water Stress in C3 and C4 plants
Heat Stress at 35 C and above in C3 and C4 plants
Cold, Pesticide, Chemical and Biological Stresses
In a class by itself, the OS1p includes direct readout of F/Fmâ€™, ETR, Fv/Fm, Rapid light Curves, Quenching Measurements and more on its built-in color graphics screen. Compared to any other PAM chlorophyll fluorometer, you will not find a more cost effective solution with as much capability as the OS1p!
A Truly field portable CO2 - H2O Gas exchange photosynthesis
measurement system. Ideal for the most exacting plant stress measurements: Heat Stress can be detected at 30 C and above
Combining Gas Exchange and Fluorescence offers unique insight into cold stress Lighter weight systems reduces fatigue making extended field work easier
The LCpro+ is a proven system from the oldest name in photosynthetic gas exchange, ADC BioScientific. In addition to standard carbon assimilation and transpiration measurements, environmental controls allow graphing of all parameters including light curves and A/Ci curves in the field.
8 Winn Ave. Hudson, NH 03051
www.optisci.com Tel: 603 883-4400 Fax: 603 883-4410
Public Policy Update APS Is Engaged! Attendees at the 2011 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting had a special opportunity to become engaged. A visit to the APS Public Policy Board (PPB) booth enabled attendees to contact members of Congress on the spot about issues important to agricultural research, extension, and education. Most Americans are reluctant to contact Congress for two reasons. First, they do not know how to contact members of Congress or are intimidated by the process. Second, they do not believe that their efforts will make a difference. To address these concerns and encourage civic engagement by APS members, PPB hosted a booth with a variety of helpful tools to get people started on letters (e-mails) to members of Congress. Visitors to the booth were provided with a “Tips for Writing to Congress” sheet and walked through the process of utilizing the contact pages on Congress members’ websites. APS has made these congressional contact pages easy to find by providing buttons on the PPB page of the APS website (links below). Lori Leach of Eversole Associates, Washington representation for APS, worked at the booth each day of the meeting, noting that “Most visitors to the booth were surprised by how easy it is to contact Congress and were motivated to make further contacts in the future.” PPB is currently addressing several funding and regulatory priorities, including food safety, education, culture collections, and plant-associated microbial genomics. White papers describing these priority areas were provided to PPB booth visitors and are available on PPB’s website. In addition to the identified priorities, PPB maintains the flexibility to assist with critical policy issues as they arise. This year, one such issue, saving the National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN), has been prioritized by the board. Funding for the NPDN, a vital resource impacting U.S. agricultural and economic security, was zeroed out in the House version of the FY 2012 appropriations bill. A poster highlighting the benefits of the NPDN and outlining the NPDN budget situation was presented at the PPB booth. Many visitors to the booth chose to write their senators regarding maintaining funding for the NPDN. Learn more about the NPDN by visiting PPB’s website. “We were so pleased with the success of the PPB booth this year, and we are already planning an even better booth for the 2012 APS Annual Meeting in Rhode Island,” said Jan Leach, APS PPB chair. PPB is also exploring the possibility of including the “I’m Engaged” campaign at APS divisional meetings. More than 100 people visited the PPB booth, with approximately 60 of those writing letters to Congress. PPB will follow up with the individuals who wrote letters or expressed an interest in becoming engaged to monitor the success of the engagement campaign. If you would like to become engaged or learn more about PPB, please visit www.apsnet.org/ members/outreach/ppb. The website features tips for communicating with Congress, white papers outlining PPB priorities, contact information for all agriculture and appropriations Senate staffers, and more. Be sure to visit the PPB booth in Rhode Island to get your “I’m Engaged!” sticker. Special thanks to PPB members Jim Mueller, Jeri Barak, Mehdi Kabbage, and Melanie Ivey; APS member Erika Saalau Rojas; and Eversole Associates staff Angela Records, Kellye Eversole, and Lori Leach for their service in the booth. Thank you for being engaged! n
The APS Public Policy Board booth connected attendees to their member of Congress for an on-the-spot e-mail campaign. 150 Phytopathology News
An OSTP PPB Fellow’s First-Hand Experience Mary E. Palm, Public Policy Board Fellow, Mary.Palm@aphis.usda.gov I had the distinct honor this past year of being the APS Public Policy Board (PPB) fellow at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) located in the New Executive Office Building in Washington, DC. Mary Palm OSTP is part of the Executive Office of the President (EOP) that also includes the U.S. Trade Representative, Office of Management and Budget, Council of Economic Advisors, National Security Staff, Office of the Vice President, and other executive staffs. The unique role of OSTP in the EOP is to provide the White House the counsel upon which scientific and technological policy decisions are made. OSTP also is responsible for making sure that the science and technology portions of the president’s priorities are carried out in a coordinated manner by the responsible federal agencies. OSTP is critical to ensuring that the most relevant science is used to formulate the policies that determine funding priorities and issue-based initiatives. The effectiveness of those policies and decisions are a direct function of the information upon which they are based. The work of OSTP is not an academic exercise; it is a serious and deliberate process to ensure science-informed policy. Structure: Close to 100 people work at OSTP, including permanent staff, interns, detailees, and political appointees. Nearly 75% of the personnel at OSTP are temporary, including student interns; scientists on detail from a federal agency, university, foundation, or other organization; or staff with terms of less than five years. The breadth of skills and expertise represented at OSTP is impressive, ranging from nanotechnology to radiological threats to ocean chemistry. As a senior policy analyst representing agriculture, it was important to think in broad terms about the role of agriculture as it relates to obesity, climate change, economic stability, jobs, and other administration priorities. Agriculture in general and plant pathology in particular are just one of many priorities in a highly competitive landscape, which makes it especially important that agriculture is continuously represented at OSTP. I was the second APS fellow at OSTP, a position sponsored by PPB. PPB proactively recognized the importance of this
representation and has recently established a fund that will support future PPB fellows at OSTP. Responsibilities: Subject area responsibilities at OSTP are determined in part by a person’s interest and expertise but also can expand as needed to anything in a broader range of topics, such as life sciences. One of my responsibilities as a senior policy analyst was food safety. The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico occurred shortly after I started my detail so I was thrown into the food safety aspects related to that incident. I provided scientific and technical input during the twice-weekly phone calls coordinated by EOP personnel with the federal agencies that were establishing standards, guidelines for reopening waters closed to fishing because of the spill, criteria to determine seafood safety, and the myriad other activities needed to ensure the safety of the seafood from the Gulf. A second set of twice-weekly calls were held with the federal and state agencies so that the decisions were coordinated and seamless. I served on the president’s Food Safety Working Group composed of administrators from USDA Food Safety Inspection Service, Health and Human Services’ Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control, personnel from several EOP offices, including OSTP, and other agencies involved in ensuring the safety of food. In order to address research needed to inform the policies and regulations that were being written by FDA and others, I established an ad hoc team of federal technical experts to identify pressing questions. One of the tools advocated by the administration and Congress was using challenges to solve difficult scientific and technological problems, especially when the solution and solver community were unclear. As an example, NASA used this strategy to solve the long-intractable problem of forecasting solar proton events in space in order to protect America’s astronauts from radiation exposures. The challenge generated nearly 600 proposed solutions and one, submitted by a retired radio-frequency engineer, exceeded NASA’s requirements for a solution. NASA and other government agencies continue to use this tool as a way to solve many difficult technical and scientific questions. (See, www.innocentive.com/ pavilion/NASA; http://challenge.gov.) I launched an initiative to use this approach in the food safety research arena. A group of federal technical experts identified several key questions that were good candidates for using challenges and prizes to obtain solutions. While several agencies were ready to work together to launch challenges, the federal budget crisis delayed implementation. We hope that the agencies will have the ability to offer some modest prizes for successful solutions once we are in the next fiscal year. In addition to food safety, I represented OSTP in ongoing National Science and Technology Council (www.whitehouse.gov/administration/
eop/ostp/nstc) interagency working groups, including the Interagency Working Group on Scientific Collections (IWGSC). In 2010, John Holdren, head of OSTP and science advisor to President Obama, issued a memo to federal agencies regarding scientific collections with deadlines for providing management plans, budgeting criteria, and a plan to make data associated with the collection widely available. In December 2010, Congress passed the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act that legislatively made OSTP responsible for similar activities regarding scientific collections. The IWGSC continues to work with OSTP to complete the work specified in Holdren’s memo and in the COMPETES legislation. Perks: One of the pleasures of being at OSTP was the ability to take small groups on tours of the West Wing of the White House, including a number of plant pathologists and some of their families. I learned a lot about the history of the White House and presidency as a result and was as excited as my guests each time I led a group through the West Wing. The most remarkable tour was with fellow plant pathologists Rick Bennett, Mike Boehm, Jacque Fletcher, and Phyllis Himmel on the night of March 15, 2010. Standing outside of the Oval Office, we looked down the hall and there was Vice President Biden walking toward us and his office. When he asked what we were doing in Washington, Fletcher was the first to say “Advocating for support for agriculture.” A lively discussion ensued and thanks to my Aunt Ruth’s admiration for Vice President Biden, we were invited into his office where we spent the next 20 minutes talking with him. He finally had to leave for a meeting in the Situation Room where the President was waiting, but not before he had his photographer take a picture of our group. It was quite a memorable evening. Opportunities: If you are a self-described policy wonk, you should consider applying to be the next PPB fellow. For me, it has been an inspiring, educational, exhilarating, and humbling experience that I highly recommend! PPB proactively worked with OSTP to establish this opportunity, and I followed John Sherwood as the second individual to be the OSTP fellow. At the 2011 APS-IPPC Joint Meeting in Honolulu, a new fund was established that will financially support the fellow once the fund reaches a sufficient level. Visit www.apsnet. org/members/foundation/giving/funds/Pages/ publicpolicy.aspx for more information. If you are an undergraduate or graduate student who is interested in working in a fast-paced, energetic, exciting environment, please apply to be an OSTP student volunteer at www. whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/about/ student. Additionally, students and professionals can apply for an AAAS fellowship, some of whom are placed at OSTP. n
Central Asia IPM Collaborative Research Support Program Scientists and students from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan participated in a plant disease and insect diagnostic workshop as part of the Central Asia IPM Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) at the Tajik National University in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, June 7–9, 2011. The workshop included lectures, discussion, hands-on laboratory work, and field visits. One of the overall goals of this IPM CRSP is to build food security by enhancing diagnostic capacity and promoting collaboration among the Central Asian countries. Organizers and instructors included Karim Maredia (Michigan State University [MSU]), Megan Kennelly (Kansas State University), Naidu Rayapati (Washington State University), George Bird (MSU), Walter Pett (MSU), Frank Zalom (University of California-Davis), Mustapha El-Bouhssini (ICARDA), and Nurali Saidov (ICARDA). The Central Asia IPM CRSP is sponsored by USAID (www.ipm.msu.edu/central-asia.htm). n
“The ‘R’ Gene Interactions” Brings Home the Grand Prize! Thank you to all of the APS members who entered a video for the 2011 Office of Public Relations and Outreach (OPRO) Video Contest! The contest brings recognition to APS through views on our YouTube channel, and it is a great way to highlight our science Kishore Chittem in a fun, creative way for the general public! In 2011, the first-place winner was “The ‘R’ Gene Interactions” by Kishore Chittem from North Dakota State University. First place in the It’s A Microbial World After All Category, winning an APS Flip video camera, was “A Soybean Aphid Legend” by Xiao Yang from Virginia Tech. The Judges’ Award for 2011 went to Sara Thomas from the University of Georgia for her video entitled “The Gene-for-Gene Hypothesis, Demystified.” A special thanks to all APS members who took the time to vote for their favorite videos! If you haven’t checked out this year’s entries, it’s not too late. Grab some popcorn and let the world of plant pathology entertain you at www.youtube.com/plantdisease. n
Phytopathology News 151
APS-IPPC Joint Meeting Highlights
APS-IPPC Joint Meeting attendees enjoyed the beautiful natural surroundings and open air of the Hawaii Convention Center as they chatted during breaks between sessions.
APS President (2010–2011) John Sherwood thanks Past President Barb Christ for her hard work and dedication while honoring her with the Past President’s Scroll.
Joint Meeting Program Chair and APS President (2011– 2012) Carol Ishimaru shared the highlights of the meeting and thanked the Program Committee during the Opening General Session with Awards & Honors Ceremony.
A record-breaking sea of posters—more than 1,000—spanned the Exhibit Hall as attendees eagerly flooded the room during the Welcome Reception.
Organizer Chang-Lin Xiao (third from left in front) and participants of the Pre- and Post-Harvest Diseases of Tropical Fruits Field Trip, one of 18 field trips held during the meeting to explore the Hawaiian Islands. 152 Phytopathology News
Pictured here with APS President John Sherwood (center top) and Past President Barb Christ were just some of the 2011 Student Travel Awardees. The APS Foundation Student Travel Awards were provided to 39 students to support their travel to Hawaii this year.
More than one-third of meeting attendees downloaded the meetingâ€™s new mobile app, using the mobile program guide, abstracts, exhibit information, and more.
Exhibitors were kept busy with visits from meeting attendees wanting to learn about their latest products and services.
Taking advantage of the breadth of the international participation in this meeting, leaders from the Japanese, Chinese, Italian, Canadian, and British plant pathology societies joined the APS presidents in an open dialogue on collaborative opportunities.
The APS PRESS Bookstore was popular, as buyers took advantage of many of the great deals during the meeting, browsed the book titles, and snatched up the new T-shirts.
The APS-IPPC Joint Meeting ended with a Final Night Luau & Polynesian Spectacular on the Convention Center rooftop, complete with a beautiful Hawaiian sunset. Phytopathology News 153
APS Foundation APS Foundation—Strategy in Action Ray D. Martyn, APS Foundation Chair, email@example.com Now that the Hawaii meeting is a pleasant memory, I would like to thank all of the members who made an investment in the APS Foundation during the meeting, as well as throughout the year. The APS Foundation raised an impressive total of Ray D. Marttyn more than $18,000 in donations! Your contributions help advance the ideals and goals of APS and assist numerous students and early career professionals with travel support to attend and participate in the annual meeting. The foundation has completed one full year of operation under its new strategic business plan and numerous activities have been completed or are ongoing. Many of you may have recognized a new look at the foundation booth this year and a few modifications are planned for next year. In addition, a new expanded brochure has been published that emphasizes the foundation’s goals and the many endowments that support its A new brochure outlining activities. I am the breadth of the APS particularly pleased to Foundation was recently report that significant contributions from Milt published. and Nancy Schroth, Artie and Arra Browning, Jim Cook, Jesse Dubin, and others, totaling more than $77,000, were received during this past year. This money, along with that of many other members, helped the foundation complete a very successful year, in spite of the not-so-bright overall financial climate. With assistance from APS Council, the foundation was able to provide a total of $36,100 in travel awards to 53 individuals to attend the Hawaii meeting. In addition, a new graduate student travel fund is being established in memory of Harold “Sande” McNabb, Jr. At its board meeting in Hawaii, the foundation
154 Phytopathology News
approved another $35,000 for travel awards to the 2012 Annual Meeting in Providence, RI. Please visit the foundation’s website at www. apsnet.org/members/Foundation for details on the various travel funds, donation options, and application details. I also wish to thank all of the members who participated in the second foundation raffle. This year, two prizes were given away—an iPad 2 and a Kindle e-reader. Congratulations to the winners. All of the proceeds will go directly to support graduate student travel to the 2012 Annual Meeting. In partnership with the APS Public Policy Board (PPB), and in recognition of the 20th anniversary of the board, the foundation launched the PPB Founder’s Campaign with a reception in honor of the first members of the then National Plant Pathology Board: Jim Cook, Cliff Gabriel, Arthur Kelman, Luis Sequeira, Sue Tolin, and Anne Vidaver. This campaign is designated to raise funds for the APS Public Policy Endowment, which ultimately will support a senior APS fellow in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). (Read a first-hand account from the current PPB OSTP fellow, Mary Palm, on page 150 of this issue.) In addition, the campaign will assist with the activities of the PPB early career intern. I am very pleased to report that the initial launch of this campaign garnered $48,000 in commitments over the next three years from a number of APS past presidents and other members. The goal for this campaign is $100,000, and we hope it can be attained within the next year. If you are interested in helping the
The APS Foundation booth at the joint meeting incorporated its new “Be. Grow. Give.” message with a fresh new look.
foundation reach its goal, please contact Jan Leach, PPB chair, or me for more details. This year also marks the 25th anniversary of the founding of the APS Foundation by APS Council. It has come a long ways since its beginnings, but it still has a long ways to go to fully attain its goals. The foundation will soon be launching an anniversary campaign called “Building a Strong Foundation” in which members may help build the foundation wall by purchasing “named bricks.” More details to come later.
Founding National Plant Pathology Board members (left to right) Sue Tolin, Jim Cook, and Anne Vidaver were honored for their vision and 20 years of ongoing commitment to plant pathology public policy initiatives during a reception and kick-off of the Public Policy Board Founders Campaign.
Last, I want to express my appreciation and that of the entire APS Foundation Board to several outgoing board members who have given many years of service to the foundation. A special thanks to Jose Amador, Sharon Douglas, and Kestrel Lannon for their outstanding service and dedication. I also welcome new board members, William “Bill” Dolezal, Barry Jacobsen, and Jonathan Jacobs. I look forward to working with each of them over the next year. In closing, on behalf of the entire Foundation Board, I want to say thank you again to all of you who have supported the APS Foundation and believe in its goals. Together, we can make a difference and keep plant pathology and APS strong. BE an advocate. GROW plant pathology. GIVE today. n
2011 APS Pacific Division Meeting The APS Pacific Division met with both APS and IAPPS in Honolulu, HI, August 6–10, 2011. A business/awards meeting and student paper competition were the primary activities during this busy session. The slate of new officers include Past President Jay W. Pscheidt, President Debra Inglis, President-Elect Themis Michailides, Secretary-Treasurer Akif Eskalen, and Forum Representative Jim Adaskaveg. Constitutional changes were read and approved by the attending membership, making the Office of Councilor into the Office of Forum Representative. Future APS Pacific Division meetings were discussed. The 2012 meeting will be held June 27–29 in Sacramento, CA. Local Arrangements Chair Doug Gubler will be securing the location at the Embassy Suites in Sacramento for 2012. After that, we will be meeting with the APS Caribbean Division in Tucson, AZ, on June 16–19, 2013. Arrangements Chair Judy Brown will be working on this location at the Westward Look Resort (http://westwardlooktucson.com) in Tucson, AZ, for 2013. There were eight Student Travel Awards made ($800 each) for attending this meeting. Awardees included Renuka Attanayake (Washington State University [WSU]), Deana Baucom (New Mexico State University), Kaityn Bissonnette (University of Idaho), Stephanie Heckert (Ohio State University), Dipak Sharma-Poudual (WSU), Stephanie Slinski (University of California [UC]-Davis), Cassandra Swett (UC-Davis), and Lydia Tymon (WSU). The student paper competition was spread throughout the meeting and students will be awarded at their individual institutions. Awardees included Jeremiah Dung (WSU, $500)—first place; Swett ($300)—second place; and Heckert ($200)—third place. Discussion of future competitions at national APS meetings favored oral presentations if at all possible over poster competitions. The Pacific Division has several award categories and it is never too early to be thinking of possible nominations for these awards. Although we have an Early Career Award, there were no nominations this year. This year’s Lifetime Achievement Award recipient was Dennis Johnson of WSU. He is most deserving of this award for his sustained record of working in a unique and demanding crop production system, research productivity, mentorship of many graduate students, and successful integration of research finding into effective and practical plant disease management outreach programs. The first recipient of the new Distinguished Service Award was Melodie Putnam. As she was on sabbatical this year, the award will be presented at the next APS Pacific Division meeting. A special thank you to outgoing Secretary-Treasurer Juliet Marshall for all her superior help to the division for the last three years. n
APS Pacific Division Student Travel Awardees. Back row left to right: Cassandra Swett (UC-Davis), President Debra Inglis, Stephanie Slinski (UC-Davis), Kaityn Bissonnette (UI), Stephanie Heckert (OSU), Dipak SharmaPoudual (WSU), and Past President Jay Pscheidt. Front row: Lydia Tymon (WSU), Deana Baucom (NMSU), and Renuka Attanayake (WSU).
Largest-Ever APS PRESS Book to be Published in November Smut Fungi of the World, authored by the authoritative expert on the topic, Kálmán Vánky, and due for release in November, will be the largest-ever published by APS PRESS. “If it were any larger, we would have to call it smut fungi of the universe,” said APS PRESS Editor-in-Chief Margery Daughtrey of the book’s nearly 1,500 pages. “It is an important APS contribution to scientific literature and a tremendous compilation of more than 3,500 micrographs and line drawings. Most departments and university libraries will want the book in their collections and certainly all mycologists will want access to it. The book includes keys to the genera and species, in addition to a host plant–smut fungus list, to help users identify all of the smut fungi of the world that we know of today,” Daughtrey said. APS PRESS is now offering a significant prepublication discount in addition to the 10% APS membership discount. n
1.800.328.7560 U.S.A. and Canada (+1.651.454.7250 elsewhere)
Phytopathology News 155
OIP News & Views Developing Country Members: Apply Now for 2012 APS Annual Meeting Travel Award The APS Office of International Programs (OIP), in cooperation with the APS Foundation, is pleased to announce the availability of a travel award to support travel costs for early- to mid-career APS members native to and working in developing countries who otherwise would not be able to participate in the 2012 APS Annual Meeting. This award is intended to support scientists holding post-graduate positions in their respective country; graduate students and post-doctoral fellows will not be funded. One $1,500 award will be made for the 2012 APS Annual Meeting. Applications must be submitted by January 6, 2012, per instructions provided at www.apsnet.org/ members/foundation/apply/Pages/InternationalTravelFund.aspx. n
Record Funds Raised During Seventh Annual Silent Auction Our sincerest thanks to everyone who participated—from the donors, bidders, and sponsors to the volunteers on hand in Honolulu—in the Office of International Programs’ (OIP) Seventh Annual Silent Auction! In 2011, we raised more than $2,000 from the auction items to support the Global Experience Program, with more than 90 cultural gems up for bid. The auction featured many unique cultural items, including a clay teapot from Nepal, handcrafted and hand-painted dolls, an African mask, larimar and silver earrings from the Dominican Republic, and floral tea from Singapore. Another big thank you to this year’s silent auction sponsors: • AgraQuest Inc. • BIOREBA AG • Dow AgroSciences LLC • DuPont Ag & Nutrition • Eversole Associates • Syngenta Crop Protection Their continuing support of this activity has been greatly appreciated. Watch for information on the 2012 auction coming soon! n
JANE Call for Proposals The John and Ann Niederhauser Endowment (JANE) was created to facilitate international cooperation related to research on and management of plant diseases, with particular emphasis on those caused by Phytophthora spp. To increase the award’s impact, the scope of projects to be considered has been expanded to include any international program in plant pathology that involves cooperation between a person or institution in the United States and a person or institution outside the United States. Principal investigators must hold postgraduate positions in their respective country; graduate students and post-doctoral fellows will not be funded. Project proposals should have a clear implication for developing countries and practical applications. This year, the endowment will provide one award of up to $5,000 for a project to take place during the 2012 calendar year. Proposals (maximum of three pages for items 1–5, not including the budget, CV, and letter of support) must be postmarked on or before December 15, 2011. Proposals should include: 1. Introduction 2. Objectives 3. Detailed experimental protocol 4. Expected impact 5. Literature cited 6. Budget and budget justification 7. One-page CV of proposal submitter 8. Letter of support from the in-country coordinator
This year’s donations included unique handpainted dolls.
Funding should be requested for one year, taking place during the 2012 calendar year. Multiyear projects will be considered but are rarely supported because of the limited funds available and the desire to distribute the support to a larger number of investigators. An electronic version of the proposal (as one Word or PDF file) should be sent to Talo Pastor-Corrales (talo.pastor-corrales@ars. usda.gov) and identified as “JANE Proposal” in the subject heading. The winner of the JANE Award must submit a final report to the APS Office of International Programs within three months following the conclusion of the 2012 calendar year. If you have further questions, contact Talo Pastor-Corrales, USDA ARS, SBGI Lab, Bldg 006, Rm. 118, BARC West, 10300 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, MD 20705; phone: +1.301.504.6600; fax: +1.301.504.5728; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. n
Meeting attendees enjoyed perusing the bid tables to find a global souvenir.
156 Phytopathology News
Proposals Requested for 2012 OIP Global Experience Program The APS Office of International Programs (OIP) is requesting proposals for the “OIP Global Experience,” a program aimed at helping APS plant pathologists work with scientists and extension personnel in developing countries in training and outreach efforts. As agriculture worldwide is affected by globalization, it becomes increasingly important to foster and sustain plant-pathological research and extension on a global scale. The program is open to all APS members to conduct short courses, workshops, or training programs in collaboration with a cooperating institution in a developing country. Teams of a senior and junior plant pathologist are encouraged. Development of training/extension materials for the workshop will also be supported by this program. Up to $3,000 will be available to successful applicants to support travel and training material costs. Host institutions are expected to provide in-kind contributions or matching funds. Proposals are requested for programs to be administered in 2012. Proposals should be received on or before December 1, 2011. Questions should be directed to Talo Pastor-Corrales, USDA ARS, SBGI Lab, Bldg 006, Room 118, BARC West, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705; phone: +1.301.504.6600; fax: +1.301.504.5728; e-mail: email@example.com.
People Collaboration From July 24 to July 27, Paul Vincelli, University of Kentucky, visited the International Center for the Improvement of Maize and Wheat (CIMMYT) in Texcoco, Mexico, to offer a workshop entitled “Plant pathogen detection using real-time PCR.” The course was directed to an audience of 12 technicians working in Mexican official and private diagnostic laboratories. The focus of the course was updating and enhancing knowledge of the use of the real-time PCR techniques to detect quarantine pathogens. The course was very well received and successful and it will be repeated in January 2012.
Read more about the Global Experience Program, download an application, and read about past awardees’ experiences on APSnet at www.apsnet.org/members/outreach/oip/Pages/ GlobalExperience.aspx.
An Update on the OIP Library Assistance Program From August 2010 to July 2011, the Office of International Programs (OIP) Library Assistance Program provided 385 books, compendia, and bulletins; 90 volumes (1,072 issues) of Plant Disease; and 31 volumes (372 issues) of Phytopathology to 11 institutes in Azerbaijan, Georgia, India, Kenya, Mexico, Nigeria, Philippines, Turkey, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. The publications were donated by APS, James Percich (Minnesota), Chris Becker (New York), Randy Rowe (Ohio), Chester Mirocha (Minnesota), and Mohammad Babadoost (Illinois). The total fee for shipping the publications was $7,816.09, which was provided by APS ($2,962.49), West Bengal State University of India ($3,137), Courtney Gallup from Iowa ($250), Nick Vandervort from Wisconsin ($260.40), David Thomas from Illinois ($256.20), Christopher Becker from New York ($500), Alem Peter from Georgia ($250), and Myrna Sevilla from Florida ($200). Since 2003, the Library Assistance Program has provided more than 1,200 books, compendia, and bulletins; 2,016 volumes of journals; and other educational materials to 98 universities and research/extension centers in 61 developing countries. Currently, the following publications are available for shipping to the libraries of educational, research, and extension institutes in developing countries: a full set of Phytopathology; Air Pollution, People, and Plants; Apple Scab: Biology, Epidemiology, and Management; Barley Yellow Dwarf: 40 Years of Progress; Compendium of Onion and Garlic Diseases; Compendium of Peanut Diseases; Compendium of Rose Diseases; Crown Gall: Advances in Understanding Interkingdom Gene Transfer; Essential Plant Pathology; Host Wall Interactions by Parasitic Fungi; Insect Pests of Small Grains; Leptographium Species: Tree Pathogens, Insect Associates, …; Managing Diseases in Greenhouse Crops; Molecular Aspects of Pathogenicity and Resistance: Requirement for Signal Transduction; Multilingual Compendium of Plant Diseases; Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants; Peanut Health Management; Plant Diseases: Their Biology and Social Impact; Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 5; Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 6; Potato Health Management; Soybean Diseases: A Reference Source for Seed Technologists; Taxonomy and Pathology of Cylindrocladium (Calonectria) and Allied Genera; The Nature of Wilt Diseases of Plants; Tropical Plant Diseases, Second Edition; Turfgrass Patch Diseases Caused by Ectotrophic Root-Infecting Fungi; Ultrastructure of the Root-Soil Interface; and Wheat Health Management. For more information, contact Babadoost (Babadoost@illinois.edu) at the University of Illinois. n
Paul Vincelli (center) with colleagues during his trip to CIMMYT.
Student Degree Chan Maketon completed the requirements for an M.S. degree in plant pathology from Washington State University under the supervision of Pat Okubara. His supervisory committee included Scot Hulbert, Chan Maketon Brenda Schroeder, and Linda Thomashow. Maketon’s dissertation research was on the early induction of wheat root defense gene homologues in two wheat cultivars by wild type and mutant biocontrol strains of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Maketon hails from Thailand, graduated from John W. North High School in Riverside, CA, and earned a B.S. degree in plant science at the University of Arizona, Tucson, in 2008, where he discovered an interest in research as an undergraduate in the laboratories of Elizabeth Arnold and Patricia Stock. People continued on page 158
Phytopathology News 157
People continued from page 157
New Position Mohamed F. R. Khan, extension sugarbeet specialist and associate professor in the Plant Pathology Department, North Dakota State University and University of Minnesota, was promoted to Mohamed F. R. Khan professor effective July 1, 2011. He is responsible for developing, conducting, and evaluating educational programs that will improve sugarbeet production practices in North Dakota and Minnesota. Khan’s research is aimed at improving management of diseases, including Cercospora leaf spot, Rhizoctonia root rot, Rhizomania and Fusarium yellows, and agronomic practices that will result in higher recoverable sucrose. Khan is the secretary of the Sugarbeet Research and Education Board of Minnesota and North Dakota that is responsible for funding and promoting research and educational programs in sugarbeet production, and the chair of the International Sugarbeet Institute, the world’s largest sugarbeet trade exposition. Khan is actively involved in APS as a section editor for PDMR, associate editor for Plant Disease, and a member of the Chemical Control and Extension Committees. Khan received his B.S. degree from the University of Guyana, South America; an M.Sc. degree from the University of Bath, United Kingdom; and his Ph.D. degree from Clemson University, United States. He is also experienced in managing tropical crops, including coconut, oil palm, and sugar cane. n
2011 Field Crops Rust Symposium December 14-16, 2011 San Antonio, Texas
Registration & Housing Are Open Go to
www.apsnet.org/fcrs to register now! 158 Phytopathology News
Classifieds Research Associate—Monsanto Monsanto is seeking a highly motivated individual with the ability to work as a member of a multidisciplinary research team located in Waterman, IL. The research associate will primarily be responsible for supporting the activities of the Corn pathology organization in the field, lab, and controlled environments. The associate will have the opportunity to support scientists in coordinating experiments, identifying corn diseases, implementing and administering standard operating procedures, QA, QC, and safety procedures. Responsibilities: characterizing the disease response of key breeding lines and hybrids in the field and greenhouse; assisting in inoculum production and disease diagnostics; developing and assisting in lab, field, and greenhouse experiments; preparation for/and planting, field plot maintenance, and data collection; interact with scientists and breeders on and off-site for project-related needs; participate in task-related document creation and process review for jobrelated activities; ensure that company assets are well-cared for and properly maintained. Required skills/experience: M.S. degree in plant pathology/plant breeding and at least two years of appropriate field and greenhouse experience related to plant pathology; knowledge of conducting experiments in controlled environments; experience conducting ELISA tests; working knowledge of statistics; leadership skills; effective verbal/written communication skills; computer skills; ability to work as part of a multidisciplinary/multicultural research team; and experience evaluating the disease response of crop plants. Desired skills/experience: write/speak fluent English and work in interdisciplinary teams and familiarity with culturing pathogens and disease diagnostics. For details and to apply, visit www.monsanto.com/careers/pages/jobsearch. aspx and enter “004SI” in the “Requisition Number (if known)” section. Click on he job description title below (“Research Associate— Waterman, IL”). Extension Crops Pathologist—Purdue University The Department of Botany and Plant Pathology at Purdue University is seeking applicants for the position of extension crops pathologist. The primary responsibility of this administrative/professional position will be to support extension plant pathology faculty in communicating research-based information to the public. Program development will focus primarily on diseases of agronomic crops. The successful candidate is expected to support established extension programs by creating web-based, print, and presentation resources that will be disseminated through Purdue extension channels. This includes developing
and presenting information on current disease issues at county-based extension programs. Additionally, the successful candidate will be expected to aid in disease diagnosis, field surveys, and research projects as appropriate. This person must collaborate effectively with faculty and other staff in an interdisciplinary team addressing issues in crop production and disease management. Candidates must have an M.S. degree in plant pathology or related field. Experience in agronomic crop disease diagnosis and disease management is preferred. Experience with web development, Adobe programs, and other computer or technological platforms is preferred. Candidates must also possess excellent written and oral communication skills. Interested applicants must apply online at www.purdue. edu/hr/Employment. Applications must include a description of extension interests, a complete CV that includes a summary of academic and other professional experiences, and the names and contact information for three references. USDA Post-Doc—Pathology and Population Genetics of Phytophthora rubi A post-doctoral position is available in Nik Grunwald’s lab in the USDA ARS Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, Corvallis, OR. The successful candidate will conduct original research on Phytophthora rubi, an important pathogen of raspberry. The project will explore the evolutionary history and population structure of this pathogen. The successful candidate will sample P. rubi and characterize populations using a range of molecular, bioinformatic, and evolutionary tools and approaches. Recent related publications from the lab include: Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2011, Vol 49; PLoS Pathog. 5(9): e1000583; and Mol. Ecol. 18:11611174. The project is in collaboration with Inga Zasada, USDA ARS, Corvallis, OR. Grunwald’s lab is associated with the Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing (CGRB) (www.cgrb. oregonstate.edu) and the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology at Oregon State University. The CGRB provides excellent sequencing and bioinformatic resources. Experience in sampling plant pathogens and a background in plant pathology and/or microbiology is required. Experience in molecular biology, including DNA extraction, PCR, and sequencing is preferred. Strong interest and some training in evolutionary biology and population genetics is preferred. Ph.D. degree (required before starting the position) and demonstrated publication record. To apply, send an e-mail including a statement of interest, CV, and three letters of reference to firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information, visit www.science.oregonstate.edu/ bpp/labs/grunwald/Grunwald_Lab/Home. html. n
APS Journal Articles Phytopathology October 2011, Volume 101, Number 10 Advances in Plant Virus Evolution: Translating Evolu tionary Insights into Better Disease Management. Colonization of Citrus Seed Coats by ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’: Implications for Seed Trans mission of the Bacterium. Antibiosis Activity of Pantoea agglomerans Biocontrol Strain E325 Against Erwinia amylovora on Apple Flower Stigmas. Delaying Selection for Fungicide Insensitivity by Mixing Fungicides at a Low and High Risk of Resistance Development: A Modeling Analysis. A Stochastic Optimization Method to Estimate the Spatial Distribution of a Pathogen from a Sample. Quantitative Trait Loci for Adult-Plant Resistance to Mycosphaerella graminicola in Two Winter Wheat Populations. Molecular Mapping of Hypersensitive Resistance from Tomato ‘Hawaii 7981’ to Xanthomonas perforans Race T3. Genetic Structure of Xiphinema pachtaicum and X. index Populations Based on Mitochondrial DNA Variation. Two Promoter Rearrangements in a Drug Efflux Transporter Gene Are Responsible for the Appearance and Spread of Multidrug Resistance Phenotype MDR2 in Botrytis cinerea Isolates in French and German Vineyards. Genetic Differentiation at Microsatellite Loci Among Populations of Mycosphaerella graminicola from Cali fornia, Indiana, Kansas, and North Dakota. Acquisition and Transmission of Peanut clump virus by Polymyxa graminis on Cereal Species. Widespread Occurrence and Diversity of Cassava brown streak virus (Potyviridae: Ipomovirus) in Tanzania. Whitefly Resistance Traits Derived from the Wild Tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium Affect the Preference and Feeding Behavior of Bemisia tabaci and Reduce the Spread of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus. Control of Tobacco mosaic virus by PopW as a Result of Induced Resistance in Tobacco Under Greenhouse and Field Conditions.
Plant Disease October 2011, Volume 95, Number 10 International Agricultural Research Tackling the Effects of Global and Climate Changes on Plant Diseases in the Developing World. Distribution and Survival of Ascochyta Blight Pathogens in Field-Pea-Cropping Soils of Australia. Analysis of Verticillium dahliae Suggests a Lack of Correlation Between Genotypic Diversity and Virulence Phenotypes. Sublethal Doses of Mefenoxam Enhance Pythium Damping-off of Geranium. Reproduction of Soybean Cyst Nematode on Dry Bean Cultivars Over Multiple Generations. Molecular and Phenotypic Characterization of Colletotrichum Species Associated with Anthracnose Disease of Papaya in Trinidad. Effects of Hydrolyzable Tannins on In Vitro Growth of Armillaria calvescens and A. gallica. Resistance of Botrytis cinerea to Multiple Fungicides in Northern German Small-Fruit Production. A Multiplex PCR for the Detection of Phytophthora nicotianae and P. cactorum, and a Survey of Their Occurrence in Strawberry Production Areas of Japan.
Transmission Efficiency of Potato virus Y strains PVYO and PVYN-Wi by Five Aphid Species. Population Structure of Brown Rot Fungi on Stone Fruits in China. Genetic Diversity and Aggressiveness of Ralstonia solanacearum Strains Causing Bacterial Wilt of Potato in Uruguay. Detection and Molecular Characterization of BoscalidResistant Botrytis cinerea Isolates from Strawberry. Comparison of Water Displacement and WinRHIZO Software for Plant Root Parameter Assessment. Bacterial Leaf Spot of Onion Caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. porri, a New Disease in Korea. First Report of Xanthomonas citri pv. citri Pathotype A Causing Asiatic Citrus Canker on Grapefruit and Mexican Lime in Senegal. First Report of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the Causal Agent of Bacterial Canker of Kiwifruit in France. First Report of Spiroplasma citri (-Induced) Associated with Periwinkle Lethal Yellows in Southeast Asia. First Report in Burkina Faso of Xanthomonas citri pv. mangiferaeindicae Causing Bacterial Canker on Mangifera indica. First Report of a Lasmenia sp. Causing Rachis Necrosis, Flower Abortion, Fruit Rot, and Leaf Spots on Rambutan in Puerto Rico. First Report of Fusarium proliferatum Infecting Pimento Chili Peppers in Trinidad. First Report of Anthracnose Caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides on Pistachio (Pistacia vera) in China. First Report of Powdery Mildew on Euphorbia pekinensis Caused by Podosphaera euphorbiae-helioscopiae in China. First Report of Rust Caused by Puccinia psidii on Paperbark, Melaleuca quinquenervia, in California. First Report of Leaf Spot of Rocket (Eruca sativa) Caused by Fusarium equiseti in Italy. First Report of Cankers and Dieback Caused by Neofusicoccum mediterraneum and Diplodia corticola on Grapevine in Spain. First Report of Leaf Spot of Wild (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) and Cultivated (Eruca vesicaria) Rocket Caused by Alternaria japonica in Italy. First Report of Stem Canker on Cherry Caused by Phomopsis perniciosa in Shandong Peninsula, Eastern China. First Report of Fusarium proliferatum Causing Root Rot on Soybean (Glycine max) in the United States. First Report of Black Rot Caused by Phomopsis cucurbitae on Cantaloupe (Cucumis melo) in the Piedmont Region of Northern Italy. First Report of Powdery Mildew Caused by Golovinomyces cichoracearum on Zinnia elegans in Turkey. First Report of Charcoal Rot Caused by Macrophomina phaseolina on Sunflower in Illinois. First Report of Anthracnose on Boehmeria nivea Caused by Colletotrichum higginsianum in China. A Tomato Fruit Rot Caused by Trichothecium roseum in Brazil. First Report of Canker on Pecan (Carya cathayensis) Caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea in China. Susceptibility of Onion Relatives (Allium spp.) to Iris yellow spot virus. First Report of Cherry green ring mottle virus on Cherry and Peach Grown in China. First Report of Chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle viroid in Chrysanthemum in China.
First Report of Yam mild mosaic virus in Yam in Guangxi Province, China. First Report of the Plum pox virus Recombinant Strain on Peach in Bulgaria. First Report of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus Infecting Muskmelon and Cucumber in Sudan. First Report of Squash mosaic virus in Ornamental Pumpkin in the Czech Republic. First Report of Chickpea chlorotic stunt virus Infecting Legume Crops in Tunisia. First Report of Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) on Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus), Wild Mustard (Sinapis arvensis), and Wild Vetch (Vicia spp.) in Northern Greece.
MPMI October 2011, Volume 24, Number 10 Agroinoculation of Citrus tristeza virus Causes Systemic Infection and Symptoms in the Presumed Nonhost Nicotiana benthamiana. Cloning and Characterization of R3b; Members of the R3 Superfamily of Late Blight Resistance Genes Show Sequence and Functional Divergence. Nonhost Resistance of Rice to Rust Pathogens. A Novel Multidomain Polyketide Synthase Is Essential for Zeamine Production and the Virulence of Dickeya zeae. Microbial Volatile-Induced Accumulation of Exceptionally High Levels of Starch in Arabidopsis Leaves Is a Process Involving NTRC and Starch Synthase Classes III and IV. The Fusarium virguliforme Toxin FvTox1 Causes Foliar Sudden Death Syndrome-Like Symptoms in Soybean. Enhanced Viral Intergenic Region–Specific Short Interfering RNA Accumulation and DNA Methylation Correlates with Resistance Against a Geminivirus. Identification of an Operon, Pil-Chp, That Controls Twitching Motility and Virulence in Xylella fastidiosa. Induction of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 MexAB-OprM Multidrug Efflux Pump by Flavonoids Is Mediated by the Repressor PmeR. A High Level of Transgenic Viral Small RNA Is Associated with Broad Potyvirus Resistance in Cucurbits. Protein Elicitor PemG1 from Magnaporthe grisea Induces Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR) in Plants. Expression and Localization of a Rhizobium-Derived Cambialistic Superoxide Dismutase in Pea (Pisum sativum) Nodules Subjected to Oxidative Stress. HflB Gene-Based Phytopathogenic Classification of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’ Strains and Evidence that Strain Composition Determines Virulence in Multiply Infected Apple Trees.
Plant Management Network www.plantmanagementnetwork.org Plant Health Progress Evaluation of Soybean Genotypes for Resistance to Charcoal Rot. Soybean Aphids Start to Appear in Northern Indiana. Physoderma Brown Spot Shows Up in Illinois Corn Fields. n
Phytopathology News 159
News The American Phytopathological Society 3340 Pilot Knob Road St. Paul, MN 55121 United States of America
Calendar of Events
Other Upcoming Events
October 2011 11-13 — Twenty-Sixth Annual Tomato Disease Workshop. Ithaca, NY. http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/ TDW/index.html
APS Sponsored Events 12-14 — APS Northeastern Division Meeting. New Brunswick, NJ. www.apsnet.org/members/divisions/ne December 2011 14-16 — 2011 Field Crops Rust Symposium. San Antonio, TX. www.apsnet.org/meetings/ topicalmeetings/fcrs2011/Pages/default.aspx February 2012 5-6 — APS Southern Division Meeting. Birmingham, AL. www.apsnet.org/members/ divisions/south/meetings March 2012 14-16 — APS Potomac Division Meeting. Winchester, VA. www.apsnet.org/members/divisions/pot June 2012 13-15 — APS North Central Division Meeting. Wooster, OH. www.apsnet.org/members/divisions/nc 27-29 — APS Pacific Division Meeting. Sacramento, CA. www.apsnet.org/members/divisions/pac August 2012 4-8 — APS Annual Meeting. Providence, RI. www.apsnet.org/meetings/annual Upcoming APS Annual Meetings August 10-14, 2013 — Austin, TX. August 9-13, 2014 — Minneapolis, MN.
11-13 — 1st International Workshop on Crown Rot of Wheat. Sunshine Coast, Australia. www.appsnet.org/interest_groups/crown-rot 16-19 — The American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America 2011 Annual Meeting: Fundamental for Life: Soil, Crop, & Environmental Sciences. San Antonio, TX. www.soils.org/meetings 18-21 — 4th International Biofumigation and Biopesticides Symposium. Saskatoon, SK, Canada. http://agwest.sk.ca/events/ biofumigation2011/BiofumigationBiopesticides2011.htm 31-Nov 2 — 2011 Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions. San Diego, CA. www.mbao.org November 2011 8-11 — 2011 IUFRO Forest EntomologyForest Pathology Joint Meeting. Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay. www.iufrouruguay2011.org 17-18 — Workshop on Xanthomonas citri/ Citrus Canker. Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. www.fcfar.unesp.br/wxc 29-Dec 1 — Third International Phytophthora capsici Conference. Duck Key, FL. http://conferences.dce.ufl.edu/pcap
December 2011 4-6 — 2011 National Fusarium Head Blight Forum. St. Louis, MO. http://scabusa.org/forum11.html March 2012 1-3 — Second International Symposium of Bio-Pesticides and Eco-Toxicological Network. Bangkok, Thailand. www.isbiopen.sci.ku.ac.th/ contact_us.html April 2012 22-26 — Ascochyta 2012: The 3rd International Ascochyta Workshop. Córdoba, Spain. www.ascochyta.org May 2012 20-24 — Bouyoucos Conference on the Advances in Research on Soil Biological, Chemical, and Physical Properties for Sustainable Constructed Rootzones. Philadelphia, PA. www.constructedrootzones.org 21-25 — 4th International Workshop for Phytophthora, Pythium, and Phytopythium. University of Maryland, College Park, MD. www.psla.umd.edu/faculty/Balci/workshop2011/ index.cfm July 2012 1-5 — Plant and Canopy Architecture Impact on Disease Epidemiology and Pest Development. Rennes, France. https://colloque.inra.fr/ epidemiology_canopy_architecture 29-August 2 — XV Intl. Congress on MPMI. Kyoto, Japan. www.ismpminet.org August 2013 25-30 — 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology. Beijing, China. www.icppbj2013.org n
For the most current listing go to www.apsnet.org/meetings/meetingcalendar.