Alumni Connections Fall 2020

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School of Dentistry | University of Alberta | Alumni Publication | Volume 5 • Issue 2



What’s inside? Feature stories

Additional stories

Alumni Connections | Fall 2020 Edition Editor: Cheryl Deslaurier Writer: Jessalyn King and Cheryl Deslaurier Designer: Jessalyn King

Return to in-person

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A five-part series highlighting the return to our changed environments

Breathing through apnea diagnosis Treating obstructive sleep apnea with dental appliances

Remote dental hygiene


The many facets of providing hygiene to remote communities

The stars of the show


How do we tell if pediatric patients are anxious?

4 . . . . A safe return: Message from the School of Dentistry 6 . . . . Messages from your Alumni Associations 10 . . . . Update from Alumni Relations and the Faculty 14 . . . . Curiosity leads to career journey: From dental hygiene to nephrology research 16 . . . . Dental alumnus giving back: Defining what matters 18 . . . . Alumnus selected as Top Pediatric Dentist of the Decade 20 . . . . Update from CDE 22 . . . . The stars of the show: How do we tell if pediatric patients are anxious? 24 . . . . Recently published research

This year will go down in history, that is for certain. Our entire world has changed as a result of recent events. I am amazed that we have been able to (safely) continue running our programs, and this can be attributed to the many hours of work put in by our faculty and staff. It has not been an easy process as we had to provide evidence of enhanced safety protocols and procedures, which not only had to be developed but communicated and reinforced with all students, staff and faculty. These protocols and procedures are non-negotiable, and our students are very much appreciative of their ability to continue their hands-on, in-person learning in a safe space. The five-part series in this publication highlights this nicely. Despite the challenges this year has brought, we managed to wrap up a successful fundraising project, raising over $8 million for underserved populations, student bursaries and research. We graduated the first Dental Hygiene degree graduates and completed the implementation of the new DDS curriculum for the first years. Another big announcement the school has recently made is the recruitment of two ADA&C endowed chairs. The Oral Health Research and Dentistry Research Endowed Chairs have been established with a generous five-year pledge from the ADA&C and will be held by Dr. Daniel Graf, Associate Professor in the Division of Foundational Sciences and Dr. Maryam Amin, Professor in the Division of Pediatric Dentistry. Dr. Amin is also the successful candidate for the Associate Chair, Research position as Dr. Pat Flood has retired. So you can see that the School of Dentistry has been very busy during these unprecedented times as I am certain you all are as well.

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A SAFE RETURN Message from the School of Dentistry

In this five-part series, we captured individuals’ experiences in returning to their changed environments.

THE SCHOOL RETURNS Return to in-person, part 1 The University of Alberta and Alberta Health exemption processes to allow our students to learn on-campus were extensive, but ultimately worth it. DDS classes returned in July for Intercession, and both DDS and Dental Hygiene started at the end of August. Any programs applying for exemptions had to prove their safe managing of gathering size limits, physical distancing, and PPE usage. Among other factors, we were required to demonstrate: • How to provide access to closed buildings for the students. • How to develop appropriate group sizes. • How to screen incoming staff and students. • How to deal with anyone who demonstrated symptoms. • What PPE/IPC protocols we would follow. On getting our DDS classes back for the spring and summer semester, Dr. Steven Patterson, Associate Chair (Academic), says, “It was a valuable time for our students. Every day as they met

all the expectations of our new protocols, we heard comments like... ‘It’s so good to be back here.’ ‘Thanks for all the work in preparing this for us.’ ‘I’ve missed being here.’ ‘We know this took a lot of work to plan, and it seems to have gone smoothly.’ “It brought back a semblance of normality in terms of doing what we do — learn hands-on and in-person.” For the Dental Hygiene class starting the last week of August, there were many new factors the faculty had to understand and plan for in order to bring the students back. Dr. Sharon Compton, Associate Chair (Dental

Hygiene), says, “We were able to learn from Dentistry’s successful return to campus in July, and now we all begin implementing our plan with the larger group of learners, faculty and staff.” Compton and Patterson are grateful for everyone’s compliance and hard work in returning students back to the clinic and labs. Compton says, “Further delays would have caused hardship for the students needing to spend the extra time to complete their education before starting their careers.” We look forward to seeing you at the clinic!

Return to in-person continues on page 8.

Fall 2020 | 5

MESSAGE FROM THE DENTAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION It has been six months since we were presented with the worldwide challenge of COVID-19. We can look back now and remember how, as science-based healthcare providers, we scrambled to understand how this virus would affect our ability to provide oral healthcare to our patients. Relatively few studies were specific to dentistry and our unique work environment. Our colleagues, many of them University of Alberta School of Dentistry alumni, were there on the front lines helping to understand the precautions we needed to take to safeguard our patients, our teams and ourselves. Dental colleagues worked together with medical research colleagues to build our knowledge base. I am so proud of our profession for providing the essential oral healthcare our patients needed. Fear of the virus was slowly replaced by a respect for and an understanding of how it operated and what we needed to do to manage risk. The pandemic is far from over. However, in the past six months, we have replaced fear with vigilance, knowledge and cautious optimism. As society begins to return to a new normal, we are adapting to our changing world. The School of Dentistry will still provide students with one of the finest educations in the world. They will adapt and change some of their processes — but the commitment to high-quality education has not changed. The calibre of the teaching and clinical staff will remain amazing, even behind all that PPE! Your Dental Alumni Association (DAA) must also determine how it can continue to provide all the opportunities it has in the past for you, the Alumni and soon-to-be Alumni: creating events where we can reconnect with each other, opportunities for alumni to support the amazing learners in the School of Dentistry and methods to recognize outstanding contributions by alumni. How does the DAA fit into your professional lives and add value for you? How does the DAA create avenues for you to re-engage with the School of Dentistry and give back of your skills, passion and enthusiasm? All these questions and more form the fantastic challenge and opportunity that face the DAA in our new world. 6 | Alumni Connections

I’ve had the distinct privilege of being President of the DAA for the past two years. Thank you to the Board for the opportunity! A special thank you to Dr. Bill Sharun (who was President before me) for giving me the nudge to take a turn at the helm. I’m so excited to see where new leadership will take our beloved association over the next two years and beyond! I encourage any of you who want to be involved in all the great new stuff to come to get in touch. Reach out and take a turn helping your DAA get bigger and better. Finally, a heartfelt thank you to my fellow University of Alberta School of Dentistry alumni for allowing me the privilege to serve you. I enjoyed getting to know so many of you over the past two years. I look forward to reconnecting with you at future events. I wish you and your families health and happiness. Dr. Mintoo Basahti Class of 1988 President, DAA

MESSAGE FROM THE DENTAL HYGIENE ALUMNI CHAPTER This summer was like no other. Sometimes I wondered if I would completely melt underneath my PPE in the heat! But somehow, we survived. During the uncertainty of the pandemic, I have witnessed so many friends and coworkers stepping up to the plate and taking the new challenges head-on. We work in a high-risk environment with tight timelines, while putting our bodies through painful repetitive strain; but there is a reward! We understand the importance of oral health and its relationship to systemic health. We know that the education, knowledge and care we give to our patients will not only provide them with good oral health but also an improvement in their overall health. The mouth is a window into the human body, and dental hygienists are the primary caregivers. And every year, our profession grows — with more dental hygienists pursuing advancements in education and pushing boundaries. We work in new settings, learn new techniques and advocate for greater access to care. The Dental Hygiene Alumni Chapter (DHAC) is proud of our profession. As president, I look forward to meeting our new members over the coming year, even if it isn’t face to face. Rebecca Lee Class of 2012 President, DHAC

Virtual Coffee with Alumni Event Over the summer, the DHAC hosted a virtual event for the Dental Hygiene class of 2020, featuring speakers Alysha Bailey (CRDHA Practice Advisor), Breanne Moran (RDH, BScDH) and Alexandra Sheppard (BA, DipDH, MEd). Topics covered during the event included the CRDHA Return to Work Guidelines, the Occupational Health and Safety COVID-19 Protecting Yourself and Preparing Your Workplace Resource, a day-in-the-life of a new DH graduate, the CDHA 2019 Job Market and Employment Standards, and valuable tips for interviewing. New graduates came away from the presentation feeling better-prepared for their transition from post-secondary studies to clinical practice amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Top 10 things Dental Hygiene graduates learned from the Virtual Coffee with Alumni event: 1. Critical components of an OHS manual. 2. New PPE requirements in private practice. 3. How to apply a point-of-care risk assessment to clinical practice. 4. When, where and how to safely implement AGP’s in clinical practice. 5. Wage expectations and employment standards for Alberta Dental Hygienists. 6. What to ask during a job interview. 7. How to achieve a healthy, happy and balanced career as a dental hygienist. 8. How to find a dream office. 9. How to build a strong hygiene department. 10. Learning new technology and clinical skills in a busy practice setting. Keep an eye out for future DHAC events. We look forward to seeing you! Breanne Moran Class of 2017 Vice-Chair, DHAC Fall 2020 | 7

Our DDS students were back in the clinic and simulation labs for Spring and Summer semester, and they couldn’t be happier to be here for their patients. Nicole Robins and Reid Boulet, DDS class of 2021, speak of their experience. Nicole says, “Not being able to provide for my patients during the COVID closure was a horrible, helpless feeling. The pandemic has made me realize just how much I am obsessed with dentistry and keeping my patients’ chompers chomping.” Reid says he was a little worried about being back at the clinic because such a large portion of our patient base is over 65. However, after looking through our new infection prevention protocols, he says, “Ronna and the rest of the team in charge of PPE at the University of Alberta have always done a great job of having proper PPE to help protect us, and their work was very reassuring.” They had several reasons to be glad to be back, including: • We are all in this career to help the patients, and it was hard for us to not be involved in their care during the pandemic. • Three months away from the clinic is an intimidating amount of time not working on your hand skills. • Studying in solidarity can be effective at times, but nothing beats being inspired by intelligent and supportive leaders and peers. The new “four-handed dentistry” approach for the students is also both good and bad. Reid says, “It’s difficult since we can feel we are missing out on first-hand practice when you’re the co-learner, but you’re still getting the clinical experience and learning from your partner’s practice. We just need to be open-minded and try to help each other to continually learn.”

Student: Nicole Robins

They both say they’ve heard nothing but gratitude from their patients. Nicole says, “Patients previously skeptical


of preventative dentistry are now very appreciative of its role in their overall health.”

Return to in-person, part 2

Return to in-person continues on page 11.

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BREATHING THROUGH APNEA DIAGNOSIS Treating obstructive sleep apnea with dental appliances

Shari Prommer thanks her lucky stars that she went on vacation with her family eight years ago. Shari’s daughter, who shared a room with her, said, “Mom, do you know that you sit up and gasp for air many times during the night?” Shari says, “And I did not! I had no idea! It had never woken me up.” Shari realized she had been exhausted all day, every day, for a couple of years. The build was so gradual that she hadn’t noticed. She says, “I hadn’t made it through a full episode of a television show in years!”

She says, “You’d think I’d sleep from pure exhaustion! But the noise was in my head…” Grumpy and sleep-deprived, she returned the CPAP to her specialist. She was told she would “get used to it,” but knowing herself, she objected and was referred to Dr. Hernández. She thought, “Why didn’t they tell me this first?!” Shari says that within a few days of getting the appliance, “The difference was remarkable.” Even with the improvement to her energy from her thyroid treatment. “I went to sleep and felt like I’d had rest for the first time in years!”

Hernández says that CPAP machines unarguably treat obstructive apnea, but the problem can be that patients don’t use them for various reasons, including noise and comfort. She says, “The appliances also work, not as fast, but as effectively, because patients are more compliant wearing them.” Shari’s device has kept her stable for more than six years. The lethargy and exhaustion haven’t returned. Hernández says, “Every patient is different, and not every treatment option is right for everyone. In this case, an appliance worked best for the patient”.

Shari’s doctor diagnosed her with low thyroid function and moderate to severe sleep apnea. Dr. Ivonne Hernández, Clinical Assistant Professor at the School of Dentistry and a specialist in oral and facial pain at the TMD/Orofacial Pain and Sleep Disorders Clinic in Edmonton, says that with available treatment options today, apnea is much less scary than when she started treating people with apnea over ten years ago. Once she was diagnosed, Shari was given a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine to try, the standard treatment for sleep apnea. She put it on the first night and couldn’t sleep. The noise the machine makes kept her from falling asleep.

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Patient: Shari Prommer

UPDATE FROM ALUMNI RELATIONS Alumni Weekend: Campus to Couch Edition Though COVID-19 prevents us from celebrating our grads in person this year, we’re keeping our September tradition alive by bringing Alumni Weekend to you — wherever you are! For the week of Sept. 21-27, 2020, we’ll be bringing you exclusive digital content straight to your device’s screen. You’ll find an exciting lineup of live virtual lectures, tours, family-friendly content and more! Get your full fix of campus, all from the comfort of your couch. This exclusive content will only be available during Alumni Week(end) until Sept. 30, 2020. alumni-weekend

Some events this year: Canada in the Post COVID-19 World (Sep. 22 | Noon - 1:15 pm MDT): How will the pandemic change Canada and, ultimately, us? 3 Minutes on the Future of Energy (Sep. 22 | 7 - 8:30 pm MDT): Explore oil, gas, and renewable energy with UAlberta grad students and postdocs. Pandemic Perspectives: What we’ve learned from COVID-19 (Sep. 23 | 7 - 8:30 pm MDT): Join a multi-disciplinary panel of experts as they discuss the lessons we’ve learned from the virus. The Future of Public Health (Sep. 25 | 6 - 7 pm MDT): Events of the last six months have highlighted how important public health is. Check out the full content listing.

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Organizing Class Reunions The Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry (FoMD) Alumni Office provides much support for our alumni planning class reunions. Since there are no in-person reunions this year, all 2020 and 2021 reunions will be planned for Alumni Weekend 2021. If you want to organize a reunion for 2021, contact Elise or see their webpage below. Elise Hetu, Assistant Director, Alumni Relations

Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry Tel: 780-248-1445 Cell: 780-288-2555 reunions

HARD AT WORK Return to in-person, part 3 Our staff has been hard at work adjusting to new realities. Susan Helwig, Orthodontic Grad Program supervisor, says it was weird working at the clinic without the students. “It was eerily quiet. Everything had changed, from how we entered the building to how we prepared to see patients.” Although they saw patients on a reduced basis per the AHS recommendations, she says, “Our environment is to educate our students and facilitate their learning objectives, so not having them here was odd.” Meghan Rannells, Dental Hygiene Program administrator, says the work over the summer was different. “Graduation celebrations, most of Orientation Week, and our upcoming celebrations of achievement will be virtual, so the logistics behind preparing for these was new to all of us. Thankfully, we had a bit of practice from March.” She says, “Everyone here, as always, works in such a united way. The presence of a team environment is particularly prevalent this year, as we work together to configure the best and safest way to deliver the general learning environments students will face during the school year.

Rannells is happy the students have started. She says, “Although things will certainly be different this year, seeing the students back in their classes is always a great feeling. It makes all the work we’ve been chipping away at over the past several months purposeful.” In the research labs, the regulations and pandemic protocols set back some of the time-sensitive projects’ progress. Dr. Maria Febbraio says, “We couldn’t fully shut down because we had a couple of ongoing studies in which mice were enrolled, so a few students and I came in to continue that work. For me lately, it’s been nice to see more people around, even if only for a quick nod or a short conversation.” Pranidhi Baddam, MSc student and SRG president, says her projects were slowed as well, but upon returning, she went into a flurry of organization to get all the pressing tasks done on time. “The first thing that I did when I started coming back daily was to write down all the tasks that I had to do so that I could prioritize appropriately.”

Return to in-person continues on page 15.

Staff: Kari Rarick Fall 2020 | 11

The many facets of providing hygiene to remote communities Jessica Mochulski (DH 2016) has been working as a private contractor for Northern Lights Travelling Dental for four years. She works at three Health Centres on reserves around Alberta. Starting at one reserve while working at a private clinic in Edmonton parttime, Mochulski says she had no idea what she was getting into. She drove up to her first position on unpaved roads, with her tiny car loaded with supplies. She says it’s interesting work doing oral hygiene on a reserve. “There’s so much need for oral care. You see

the extremes of everything. Extreme buildup, severe periodontitis, countless cavities, flappy pockets, banded calculus... But since everything is covered by insurance, you can get everything done at once.” “Sometimes, you are the only health-related worker in the community that day,” Mochulski says. “People will come to ask you questions unrelated to teeth. People will come to have their blood pressure taken or ask advice about their kids’ nutrition. People confide in you things you’d never hear about in the city. To these

communities, you aren’t just a dental professional, you’re a healthcare professional.” Nowadays, she totes in all her supplies and sets up, books her patients, and works 12-14-hour days. “It would be easier living in the city, but the whole point of taking this job was to NOT live in a city!” she laughs. Mochulski recruited Harley Larocque (DH 2016) in 2019, and she accepted the position to make a difference. Larocque works at four reserves, in either their Health Centre or at their schools. She says when people come


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Alumna: Jessica Molchulski

in, they really appreciate her service. Her being there means her patients don’t need to drive hours to Peace River for the nearest dental office. “That’s why I keep working.” She says it’s a lot more work than working for a clinic in the city. “You write all your own reports, do your own billing, build your own schedule, sterilize your own equipment, haul your supplies, do your own advertising...” A significant cultural difference for both is that time runs differently. Mochulski says, “Time isn’t as important, and a schedule is more of a suggestion.” She says patients will often book an appointment one day and show up two days later, so they both tend to overbook. Mochulski says, “On the other hand, you don’t have to be done in an hour.” In the schools, Larocque works with Children’s Oral Health Initiative (COHI), which screens for caries and provides referrals to dentists. She says there are some schools where she hasn’t yet seen all the students. “It can be tricky because there’s a very low attendance rate, and I’m only there one day out of the month.” Larocque looks forward to being as established as Mochulski, “I go to all four of my reserves in my two weeks, visiting both the schools and the Health Centres while I’m there! It’s a lot of travelling around!” It’s a tough gig, and not many people do it. Mochulski and Larocque agree that it can get lonely, and it’s hard being the outsider on the reserves. The days working are very long, and so much of the day is spent driving. And if the community doesn’t like you, or your skills aren’t good enough, you won’t be busy enough to make it worth your time. Mochulski says burnout looks different in this job than at a practice in the city. “We burn out because of all the long-distance driving. From not eating proper meals because there isn’t a kitchen in the hotel you’re staying at or insomnia trying to sleep on hotel beds. From loneliness and being away from home. Or from patients not keeping appointments and getting frustrated with you for pushing them to come in.”

Alumna: Harley Larocque

Despite all this, she says, “Even though it’s a tough job, where else do you get more than half the year to recharge?” Mochulski says, “It helps in this job to be ambitious, organized, and confident, as well as approachable, accepting and easy-going. You also need a reason outside of work to do the work. For me, it was a deep longing to have a life I could shape — to be on a mountain on a Tuesday without a watch. To wake up with the sun rather than an alarm and stay home in my cozy socks while it snowed.” For Larocque, the work itself is her reason. “I know I’m making a difference, and that’s enough for me, right now.” Mochulski says, “While I’m more cynical than Harley, my office is often the first stop when community members make a decision that they want to change their health, and that is a satisfying feeling.” Fall 2020 | 13


CURIOSITY LEADS TO CAREER JOURNEY From dental hygiene to nephrology research Alix Clarke (BScPsych 2001, DHDip 2001, MScDH 2001) My education actually began with a psychology degree, after which I was drawn to the healthcare field and dental hygiene. Whenever a professor told us “what” we needed to do during my dental hygiene diploma, I was the type of student who always asked, “why?” This curiosity led me to research as a profession. I returned to the U of A to complete my master’s in Medical Science with a Dental Hygiene specialization and an interest in biostatistics. I worked on oral health projects in long-term care, oral cancer screenings, dental anesthesia, dental education, and even medical-school entrance examinations. This variety shows how research methodologies and statistics transcend a single area of study. When I graduated, I was able to apply for several jobs in different disciplines. I was excited to receive a position as a Statistical Associate with a group of nephrologists (kidney doctors) at the University of Calgary, allowing me not only to do data analyses for the doctors’ ongoing projects but also to design a few studies of my own. 14 | Alumni Connections

Alumna: Alix Clarke

While my current path has veered away from dental hygiene, I am grateful for the foundations I received during my education. I not only learned how to conduct a research project but also general medical knowledge — like physiology and anatomy — giving me an edge in any health field. I can’t say where my career will go from here, but I do know each experience adds up to create a unique skillset. Since oral health is a key component of overall health, with known links to heart disease and diabetes, perhaps one day my health research will come full circle.


Return to in-person, part 4

Dr. Jonathan Skuba (BSc 1999, DDS 2001), a managing partner of Skuba Dental Associates, says it’s great to be back to work, but it’s been a very strange time. Skuba wrote about his experience at

doing what they love to do while ex-

He says, “I’m an old school germa-

the beginning of the pandemic, and we were happy to catch up with him.

periencing the stresses of keeping everyone safe. “Ultimately, they’ve been calm and professional.”

phobe. I’d rather suffer through discomfort and be as safe as possible. We are all probably developing freakishly strong muscles in strange parts of our

“There are days that don’t really feel any different than the days before COVID, and there are days that revolve around dealing with frustrating COVID-derived issues.” He speaks of his team with pride, saying they’re happy to be back to

Skuba says his practice decided to invest in high-quality reusable PPE, despite the “nightmarish” initial costs. He says, “I didn’t want to ever end up facing a shutdown due to running out of essential PPE.”

bodies, so it’s getting easier.” Skuba is thankful for his family’s support throughout (some of whom are with him at the office), saying, “They were supportive when I was anxious and afraid, and supportive when it was time to jump back into service.” Skuba has been involved in leadership in the field since before graduating from university. In March, he put his free time to good use and organized a network of fellow Albertan dentists to work together to ease this transition back. He said, “I was moved by how hard my profession was taking the toll of the pandemic and wanted to put something together that could be strategic, supportive and therapeutic.” He adds, “I think it’s essential for healthcare providers to be advocates for science and compassion at the same time.”

Return to in-person continues on page 19.

Fall 2020 | 15

Alumnus: Jonathan Skuba

Dr. Amreesh Khanna (DDS 2007) holds his core values close to his heart. “Helping my community is really important to me. My parents were always involved in community and volunteering, and they shaped my personal and professional values.” During his time at the School of Dentistry, he founded SHINE Dentistry. In this student-led voluntary clinic, low-income youth get free dental services on Saturdays at the Boyle McCauley Health Clinic. It was a huge endeavour to start but knew it was for an excellent cause. He was grateful for community support to raise the funds for start-up supplies. He says, “I was in my second year, and I had no idea how to set up a clinic! I was lucky to be mentored by Dr. Randall Croutze (CEO of ADA&C and past president of the CDA), who helped and encouraged me to continue.” Khanna takes great pride in seeing SHINE in its 14th year, performing over $100,000 of treatment for those in need every year. After his DDS, Khanna completed a General Practice Residency in the Bronx, New York, then bought a practice in downtown Calgary with his brother (DDS 2010) and wife (DMD 2009 University of Saskatchewan) in 2012. Khanna says, “I’m an entrepreneur at heart. I love the business side of my practice and building something patients and team members can feel proud to be part of.” Khanna’s practice was destroyed in the 2013 Calgary floods. They rebuilt at double their capacity, honouring their vision. This was a tough time for them, but Khanna says, “Being faced with this adversity forced us to learn quickly about grit and resilience.” They worked hard and have since opened a second practice and a clinic for treating patients under IV-conscious sedation. 16 | Alumni Connections

When COVID ground practices to a halt, Khanna realized he needed to re-focus on his purpose: to inspire, influence and educate. “Finding your purpose and aligning your skillset is what keeps you focused on the light at the end of the tunnel during times of difficulty and adversity.” He and his practices had survived a flood, losing his father and his daughters’ births — they would survive a pandemic! Khanna and his wife wanted to exemplify community giving for their children. Throughout this year, he has been busy! He continued DENtalks (an educational series bringing together a community of like-minded dentists to grow as clinicians and business owners) with his brother. He facilitated an online mentoring group (with more than 20 other dentists) to pass on his lessons from the 2013 floods and work together to optimize and prepare for their businesses’ post-pandemic growth. Khanna has set up two scholarships to recognize SHINE Dentistry students and honour his father’s memory. He says, “I want to help those students who go above and beyond their schooling through volunteering and community contribution — exactly what my father stood for. As an immigrant in the 70s, my father worked hard to build his career and create a life for us. He impacted our community greatly — he was the guy people went to for help.” He also founded Cause to Smile, a new charitable organization. They aim



Defining what to bring the dental professions together to contribute to the community through initiatives that will give others a cause to smile. In June and July, Cause to Smile partnered with Canadian Blood Services to raise awareness and increase blood donations in Alberta, which had dipped since the pandemic. SHINE is always looking for volunteer preceptors for the Saturday clinics. Khanna also hopes to bring together SHINE board alumni. If you were involved in the past, he would love to be in touch. And stay tuned for Cause to Smile’s next initiative!


ES CK matters

Alumnus: Amreesh Khanna

Fall 2020 | 17

ALUMNUS SELECTED AS TOP PEDIATRIC DENTIST OF THE DECADE Dr. Leonard Barry Smith (DDS 1968), a pediatric dentist and former owner of his Calgary practice Dental Care for Children, was recently selected as Top Pediatric Dentist of the Decade by the International Association of Top Professionals (IAOTP). Smith is being recognized for this honour for dedicating over 49 years of his life’s work as a pediatric dentist. Smith will receive this esteemed recognition along with the prestigious Lifetime Achievement Award at IAOTP’s 2020 Annual Awards Gala being held in New York City this December.

Photo from our archives

Stephanie Cirami, President of IAOTP stated, “Choosing Dr. Smith for this honour was a simple decision for our panel to make. Dr. Smith is respectful and engaging for every patient.

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He is an inspiration amongst his colleagues and within his profession. Top Pediatric Dentist of the Decade is a well-deserved title, and we are happy to bestow this honour on him.” Among other leadership roles, he has been Chief of the Dental Department at the Alberta Children’s Hospital and a consultant to their hemophilia and cleft palate teams. Smith is a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Calgary and an associate member of the Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute for Child and Maternal Health. He served as Chairman of the Non-Hospital Dental Facility Accreditation Committee of the ADA&C. Smith’s passion lies in research surrounding early childhood caries (ECC). He recognized a need to provide the public with compelling evidence that ECC was a disease that was about more than just baby teeth. As a result, Smith held awareness campaigns to teach why it is so critical to have preventive dental care from a baby’s first feeding in order to stop the occurrence of ECC. Looking back, Smith attributes his success to his wife and children, his education, mentors he has had the honour of working alongside, and his passion for research. For the future, he hopes to continue educating people about ECC. He feels

Alumnus: Leonard Smith that unless we teach the children of today and the parents of tomorrow why and how their oral health impacts their overall health and development, ECC will never be controlled or eliminated. After completing his DDS at the School of Dentistry, Smith earned a Master’s of Science Degree and Pedodontic Dentistry Certification from Ohio State University in 1972. In 1970, he completed a hospital residency at the Winnipeg Children’s Hospital. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada, Life Fellow in the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and a Life Diplomate of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. — Story republished and edited with permission from Stephanie Cirami, IAOTP.

Since the clinic reopened in July, Dr. Suzanne Depledge, Comprehensive Care Director for team 2, says patients have been as amazing as always. “They just kind of roll with it. Our patients are compliant — they wear their masks, and they follow the clinic’s directional lines. They have total trust in us to keep them safe. And everyone’s just happy to be back and to see their students!” Trevor Zahara, a patient in the orthodontic program, says the experience is as good or better than pre-COVID, and that staff and students make him feel safe. He jokes, “I just see less of them now… they are covered up more!”

Nargiza Chorieva became a patient during the pandemic because of a root canal emergency. She went to a private clinic, but she couldn’t afford treatment. She bought tickets home for treatment, but her flights were cancelled. She was recommended to the clinic by a friend and was treated the next day. Chorieva says, “I am so grateful for Melanie and the whole team working there. They not only saved my teeth but helped to do so without putting my family and me into danger by flying home.” Farida Janmohammed and her husband have been coming to the clinic regularly since 2004. When they immigrated to Canada, they had no dental plan; her husband had dental troubles and was recommended to the clinic. After retirement, they started coming

again. She feels the coaching she received over the years about home care will keep her oral health up until she feels safe leaving the house again. Aakankshya Kharel came in for an urgent orthodontic visit. She says, “If the clinic hadn’t been open, my progress with my braces would likely have been jeopardized as a result of the broken bracket. Besides, the poking wire would have made me uncomfortable all summer!” Trevor says he enjoys his treatment visits. “The staff and students are personable, and I enjoy overhearing the instruction and training that goes on, especially the ‘chair-side manner’ types of advice given. It feels sort of like a family around here!”

Marvin Busenius, a patient for over a decade, came in for two urgent care treatments since reopening — an extraction and four fillings. He says the only difference is a more intense focus on procedure.




Return to inperson, part 5

Faculty: Dr. Suzanne Depledge Fall 2020 | 19

UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA CDE ONLINE LEARNING The Continuing Education you trust now just a click away This fall, we are excited to roll out our hybrid approach to our programming of online learning and handson clinical and simulation experience. We now offer lecture-based programs through an online platform called E-Class. E-Class allows us to remotely offer the program that participants can do on their own time, while maintaining the same quality of education people have come to expect. The real value is that not only does the online platform allow us to deliver our programs, but it also allows participants to attend without giving up valuable clinic time.

This fall CBCT, Nitrous and Oral Sedation, Sedation Assistant Certification, Neuromodulators, and more, will be offered on our new platform. As 2020 has become a time to adapt how we all do business, it has also become a time to learn. At the University of Alberta, CDE will continue to facilitate the delivery of knowledge. We look forward to seeing you at our programs in the fall and into the future.


Cone Beam CT Certification


Aesthetics & Neuromodulators IV Two-Drug Sedation Nitrous & Oral Sedation ... and more!

20 | Alumni Connections

DID YOU GRADUATE BETWEEN 2010-2019? We’re looking to complete our collection of graduation photos online. Did you organize the yearbook for your graduating year? Or were you the photographer’s contact? If you have any information, please contact

Browse the graduating classes, like the classes of 1980 below, in our database here.

GET IN TOUCH WITH US! Have a new address or email? Email to or use the form to update your information at Want to submit a story for consideration? Email Want to find a Continuing Dental Education course? Email or view the calendar at Want to get in touch with your alumni association? Email DDS: DH: Want support in planning your upcoming class reunion? Want to see what we’re up to? Visit the School’s alumni page at Stay connected through Facebook and Twitter: Facebook: Twitter:

Fall 2020 | 21

THE STARS OF THE SHOW How do we tell if pediatric patients are anxious?

Do you remember your childhood drawings? It turns out there’s a lot more going on in your drawings than we might think! Master’s student Silvia Ortiz has completed a study in the pediatric clinic at the School of Dentistry. She was studying how young patients felt about their treatment. She asked the children to draw everything about their experience at the dentist and then interviewed them about their drawings. To analyze the pictures, she used an instrument called “Child Drawing: Hospital.” This tool has been used in many pediatric healthcare studies to analyze child experiences. The goal of the study was to help our students incorporate holistic treatment. Ortiz says, “It’s not just how good they are at completing the procedure. It’s also about making that relationship with the child so that the child learns that dentistry is not scary.” The study found that the patients had overall more positive experiences than negative ones. Dr. Minn Yoon, one of Ortiz’s supervisors, says, “That’s great to know, but both positive and negative experiences can be used to better our students’ learning. This study gives us data to open discussions.” One recurring feature in the drawings was the room’s lights. Children with mostly positive experiences drew lights that were sized proportionately,

22 | Alumni Connections

whereas those with more negative experiences drew larger lights. Ortiz says, “If the children focus on the lights, it is often a sign of anxiety.” “The light is an analogy for a child’s overall experience,” Yoon says. “It can ‘illuminate’ — pun intended! — whether a student was able to connect with a child enough so that the child understood their environment.” Anxiety in young patients is most often resolved through connection with the dentist. “The child is the star of the show in pediatric dentistry. So if you can explain everything to them ­— yourself, your partners, the setting, the instruments — it goes a long way to create that connection and reduce their anxiety.” Ortiz has a bachelor’s of mathematics. She says, “I didn’t know what I wanted to do when I graduated, but I knew I didn’t want to be a pure mathematician! I liked many things — healthcare, patient experience, working with children — and happily, I came up with this study and here we are.” Yoon says, “This study is about understanding what the needs and perceptions are in the community, so we can ensure we’re meeting our motto of being vital to the community.”

Student: Silvia Ortiz

This child had an overall positive experience. In the analysis, things that are important to note are that everything is detailed, the child is proportionate size to everything else, the details of the people were exact. This shows she made a deep connection with her dentist, even though she had a traumatic procedure done (she had a tooth removed). Notice that the light is proportionate to the child.

This child had an overall negative experience. She drew a monster underneath it all, and herself very small on the chair, to the point where she had to label herself. And the light is a prominent feature. Then she drew the ceiling lights as well (the five blue spots).

Both drawings are by 6 year old girls.

Fall 2020 | 23


Check out the research section on our website for a monthly listing of publications. Access to Healthcare for Immigrant Children in Canada

Salami B, Mason A, Salma J, Yohani S, Amin M, Okeke-Ihejirika P, Ladha T. Published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020, 17(9), 3320; doi: 10.3390/ ijerph17093320

Accuracy of interproximal enamel reduction during clear aligner treatment De Felice ME, Nucci L, Fiori A, Flores-Mir C, Perillo L, Grassia V. Published in Progress in Orthodontics. 2020 Jul 28;21(1):28. doi: 10.1186/s40510-02000329-1.

Advancing public health communication in the era of empowered health consumerism: insights from dental hygienist-client interactions around community water fluoridation Weijs C, Thawer S, Fundytus K, McLaren L. Published in Critical Public Health. 2020, Pages 1-13

Alveolar Bone Segmentation in Intraoral Ultrasonographs with Machine Learning

Nguyen KCT, Duong DQ, Almeida FT, Major PW, Kaipatur NR, Pham TT, Lou EHM, Noga M, Punithakumar K, Le LH. Published in Journal of Dental Research. 2020 May 11:22034520920593. doi: 10.1177/0022034520920593.

Antibiotic prophylaxis for implant placement: a systematic review of effects on reduction of implant failure Kim AS, Abdelhay N, Levin L, Walters JD, Gibson MP. Published in British Dental Journal. 2020 Jun;228(12):943-951. doi: 10.1038/s41415-0201649-9.

Mir C, Benfatti CAM, Porporatti AL, Zimmermann GS. Published in Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. Volume 24, Issue 3, May-June 2020, Pages 191-215

Bone dehiscence formation during orthodontic tooth movement through atrophic alveolar ridges.

Ramos AL, Dos Santos MC, de Almeida MR, Mir CF. Published in Angle Orthodontist. 2020 90 (3), pp. 321-329. DOI: 10.2319/063019-443.1

The Canadian Core Cariology Curriculum: Outcomes of a national symposium.

Tikhonova S, Jessani A, Girard F, Macdonald ME, De Souza G, Tam L, Eggert FM, Nguyen-Ngoc C, Morin N, Aggarwal N, Schroth RJ. Published in Journal of Dental Education. 2020 Jul 22. doi: 10.1002/ jdd.12313. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32700382

Combined Surgical and Orthodontic Treatments in Children with OSA: A Systematic Review

Templier L, Rossi C, Miguez M, Pérez JC, Curto A, Albaladejo A, Vich ML. Published in Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020 Jul 26;9(8):E2387. doi: 10.3390/jcm9082387. PMID: 32722638

Comparison Between Removable and Fixed Devices for Nonskeletal Anterior Crossbite Correction in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Jorge JO, Corradi-Dias L, Flores-Mir C, Pordeus IA, Paiva SM, Abreu LG. Published in Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice. 2020, Article number 101423.

Association between Psychological Stress and Periodontitis: A Systematic Review

Comparison of treatment outcomes with crowned and banded mandibular anterior repositioning appliance (MARA) in Class II pubertal subjects: A retrospective cohort study

Association between Tooth Loss and Stroke: A Systematic Review

Dental faculty and student views of didactic and clinical assessment. A qualitative description study

Castro MML, Ferreira RDO, Fagundes NCF, Almeida APCPSC, Maia LC, Lima RR. Published in European Journal of Dentistry. Volume 14, Issue 1, 1 February 2020, Pages 171-179 Fagundes NCF, Couto RSD, Brandão APT, Lima LAO, Bittencourt LO, Souza-Rodrigues RD, Freire MAM, Maia LC, Lima RR. Published in Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases. 2020 Aug;29(8):104873. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.104873. Epub 2020 Jun 8. PMID: 32689647

Association of cerebral malaria and TNF-α levels: a systematic review

Leão L, Puty B, Dolabela MF, Povoa MM, Né YGS, Eiró LG, Fagundes NCF, Maia LC, Lima RR. Published in BMC Infectious Diseases. 2020 Jun 23;20(1):442. doi: 10.1186/s12879-020-05107-2.

Augmented Reality Application to Develop a Learning Tool for Students: Transforming Cellphones into Flashcards

Sharmin N, Chow AK. Published in Healthcare Informatics Research. 2020 Jul;26(3):238-242. doi: 10.4258/hir.2020.26.3.238. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Automated integration of facial and intra-oral images of anterior teeth

Li M, Xu X, Punithakumar K, Le LH, Kaipatur N, Shi B. Published in Computers in Biology and Medicine. Volume 122, July 2020, Article number 103794

Biomarkers in biological fluids in adults with periodontitis and/or obesity: A meta-Analysis Brum RS, Duarte PM, De Luca Canto G, Flores

Al-Jewair T, Ghorbaniparvar M, Franchi L, FloresMir C. Published in American Journal of Pathology. Volume 190, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 206-221

Perez A, Green JL, Starchuk C, Senior A, Compton SM, Gaudet-Amigo G, Lai H, Linke B, Patterson S. Published in European Journal of Dental Education. 2020 May 13. doi: 10.1111/eje.12541.

Dental Hierarchy of Needs’ in the COVID-19 Era – or Why Treat When It Doesn’t Hurt?.

Berlin-Broner Y, Levin L. Published in Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry. 18(2): 95

lambda 3 in human immune cells

Santer DM, Minty GES, Golec DP, Lu J, May J, Namdar A, Shah J, Elahi S, Proud D, Joyce M, Tyrrell DL, Houghton M. Published in PLoS Pathogens. 2020 Apr 30;16(4):e1008515. doi: 10.1371/journal. ppat.1008515. eCollection 2020 Apr.

Effect of Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS) on Tooth Movement and Root Resorption: A Prospective Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial

El-Bialy T, Farouk K, Carlyle TD, Wiltshire W, Drummond R, Dumore T, Knowlton K, Tompson B. Published in Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020 Mar 16;9(3)

Effects of Intraligamentary Injection of Osteogenic-Induced Gingival Fibroblasts on Cementum Thickness in the Dog Model of Tooth Root Resorption El-Bialy T, Hazan Molina H, Aizenbud Y, Qayyum W, Ali S, Aizenbud D. Published in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 2020 Jul 14. doi: 10.1007/5584_2020_551. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32661841

Erythroid precursors and progenitors suppress adaptive immunity and get invaded by SARS-CoV-2

Shahbaz S, Xu L, Osman M, Sligl W, Shields J, Joyce M, Tyrrell L, Oyegbami O, Elahi S. Preprinted in bioRxiv 2020.08.18.255927; doi: https://doi. org/10.1101/2020.08.18.255927

Evaluation of mandibular changes after rapid maxillary expansion: a CBCT study in youngsters with unilateral posterior crossbite using a surface-to-surface matching technique Leonardi RM, Aboulazm K, Giudice AL, Ronsivalle V, D’Antò V, Lagravère M, Isola G. Published in Clinical Oral Investigations. 2020 Aug 2. doi: 10.1007/ s00784-020-03480-5.

Extraction force and its determinants for minimally invasive vertical tooth extraction

Dietrich T, Schmid I, Locher M, Addison O. Published in Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. Volume 105, May 2020, Article number 103711

Failure rates among metal brackets cured with two high-intensity LED lightcuring lamps: an in vivo study. Albertin SA, Pinzan-Vercelino CRM, Flores-Mir C, Gurgel JA. Published in European Journal of Orthodontics. 2020 Apr 7. pii: cjaa025

Detection of mast cells in ameloblastomas and odontogenic keratocysts

Galectin-9 and VISTA Expression Define Terminally Exhausted T Cells in HIV-1 Infection

Development, validation and application of a 3D printed model depicting adenoid hypertrophy in comparison to a Nasoendoscopy

The glucocorticoids prednisone and dexamethasone differentially modulate T cell function in response to anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 immune checkpoint blockade.

Differential expression of interferonlambda receptor 1 splice variants determines the magnitude of the antiviral response induced by interferon-

If we cannot measure it, we cannot improve it: Understanding measurement problems in routine oral/dental assessments in Canadian nursing homes—Part I

dos Santos ES, de Andrade RRA, Sampaio GC, Catunda RQ, Andrade ESDS. Published in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. Volume 12, Issue 8, 1 August 2020, Pages e755-e761

Shahbaz S, Dunsmore G, Koleva P, Xu L, Houston S, Elahi S. Published in The Journal of Immunology. Vol. 204, Issue 7 1 Apr 2020

Thereza-Bussolaro C, Lagravère M, PachêcoPereira C, Flores-Mir C. Published in Head & Face Medicine. Volume 16, Issue 1, 9 March 2020, Page 5

Okoye IS, Xu L, Walker J, Elahi S. Published in Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy. 2020 Apr 3

Hoben M, Yoon MN, Lu L, Estabrooks CA. Published in Gerodontology. Volume 37, Issue 2, 1 June 2020, Pages 153-163

If we cannot measure it, we cannot improve it: Understanding measurement problems in routine oral/dental assessments in Canadian nursing homes—Part II Yoon MN, Lu L, Ickert C, Estabrooks CA, Hoben M. Published in Gerodontology. 2020

Immunological consequences of extramedullary erythropoiesis: immunoregulatory functions of CD71+ erythroid cells

Elahi S, Mashhouri S. Published in Haematologica. 2020 Apr 30. pii: haematol.2019.243063. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2019.243063.

Inhibition of neutrophil inflammatory mediator expression by azithromycin

Gibson MP, Walters JD. Published in Clinical Oral Investigations. 2020 May 21. doi: 10.1007/s00784020-03314-4.

Insights into Fibroblast Plasticity: Cellular Communication Network 2 Is Required for Activation of CancerAssociated Fibroblasts in a Murine Model of Melanoma

Tsang M, Quesnel K, Vincent K, Hutchenreuther J, Postovit L-M, Leask A. Published in American Journal of Pathology. Volume 190, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 206-221

International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: General introduction

Levin L, Day PF, Hicks L, O’Connell A, Fouad AF, Bourguignon C, Abbott PV. Published in Dental Traumatology. 2020 May 30. doi: 10.1111/edt.12574.

International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 1. Fractures and luxations

Bourguignon C, Cohenca N, Lauridsen E, Therese Flores M, O’Connell A, Day P, Tsilingaridis G, Abbott PV, Fouad AF, Hicks L, Ove Andreasen J, Cehreli ZC, Harlamb S, Kahler B, Oginni A, Semper M, Levin L. Published in Dental Traumatology. 2020 May 31. doi: 10.1111/edt.12578.

International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 2. Avulsion of permanent teeth

Fouad AF, Abbott PV, Tsilingaridis G, Cohenca N, Lauridsen E, Bourguignon C, O’Connell A, Flores MT, Day P, Hicks L, Andreasen JO, Cehreli ZC, Harlamb S, Kahler B, Oginni A, Semper M, Levin L. Published in Dental Traumatology. 2020 May 27. doi: 10.1111/edt.12573.

International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 3. Injuries in the Primary Dentition

Day P, Flores MT, O’Connell A, Abbott PV, Tsilingaridis G, Fouad AF, Cohenca N, Lauridsen E, Bourguignon C, Hicks L, Andreasen JO, Cehreli ZC, Harlamb S, Kahler B, Oginni A, Semper M, Levin L. Published in Dental Traumatology. 2020 May 27. doi: 10.1111/edt.12576.

In vitro assessment of an idealized nose for nasal spray testing: Comparison with regional deposition in realistic nasal replicas. Chen J, Kiaee M, Martin AR, Finlay WH. Published in International Journal of Pharmaceutics. 2020 Apr 17;582:119341

Long term skeletal and dental changes between tooth-anchored versus

Dresden bone-anchored rapid maxillary expansion using CBCT images in adolescents: Randomized clinical trial. Davami K, Talma E, Harzer W, Lagravère MO. Published in International Orthodontics. 2020 Mar 31. pii: S1761-7227(20)30031-0

Mesenchymal Bmp7 Controls Onset of Tooth Mineralization: A Novel Way to Regulate Molar Cusp Shape

Malik Z, Roth DM, Eaton F, Theodor JM, Graf D. Published in Frontiers of Physiology. 2020 Jul 3;11:698. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.00698. eCollection 2020. PMID: 32719613 Free PMC article.

miRNAs as biomarkers of orofacial clefts: A systematic review

Mendes SMDA, Espinosa DDSG, Moreira PEDO, Marques D, Fagundes NCF, Ribeiro-dos-Santos Â. Published in Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine. Volume 49, Issue 3, 1 March 2020, Pages 201-209

Neonatal and Children’s Immune System and COVID-19: Biased Immune Tolerance versus Resistance Strategy Elahi S. Published in The Journal of Immunology. 2020 Aug 21:ji2000710. doi: 10.4049/ jimmunol.2000710.

nkx3.2 mutant zebrafish accommodate jaw joint loss through a phenocopy of the head shapes of Paleozoic jawless fish Miyashita T, Baddam P, Smeeton J, Oel AP, Natarajan N, Gordon B, Palmer AR, Crump JG, Graf D, Allison WT. Published in Journal of Experimental Biology. 2020 Jun 11. pii: jeb.216945. doi: 10.1242/ jeb.216945.

One Step before 3D Printing-Evaluation of Imaging Software Accuracy for 3-Dimensional Analysis of the Mandible: A Comparative Study Using a Surfaceto-Surface Matching Technique Lo Giudice A, Ronsivalle V, Grippaudo C, Lucchese A, Muraglie S, Lagravère MO, Isola G. Published in Materials. 2020 Jun 21;13(12). pii: E2798. doi: 10.3390/ma13122798.

Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing in the orthodontic population: Prevalence of positive risk and associations.

Abtahi S, Witmans M, Alsufyani NA, Major MP, Major PW. Published in American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2020 Apr;157(4):466473.e1

Polyacrylamide/Alginate doublenetwork tough hydrogels for intraoral ultrasound imaging

Yi J, Nguyen KT, Wang W, Yang W, Pan M, Lou E, Major PW, Le LH, Zeng H. Published in Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2020 Jun 6;578:598607. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2020.06.015.

Prevalence of dentofacial injuries among combat sports practitioners: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Polmann H, Melo G, Conti Réus J, Domingos FL, de Souza BDM, Padilha AC, Duque TM, Porporatti AL, Flores-Mir C, De Luca Canto G. Published in Dental Traumatology. Volume 36, Issue 2, 1 April 2020, Pages 124-140

Prevalence of mental disorders among elderly men: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ribeiro GCA, Vieira WA, Herval ÁM, Rodrigues RPCB, Agostini BA, Flores-Mir C, Repeke CEP, Paranhos LR. Published in Sao Paulo Medical Journal. 2020 Jun 1. pii: S1516-31802020005009201. doi: 10.1590/1516-3180.2019.0454.r1.16012020.

Recommendations for approaching the introduction section of manuscripts and grant applications Perez AJ, Compton SM, Green JL, Amin M. Published in Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene. Volume 54, Issue 1, Feb 2020, Pages 42-44

Reliability and accuracy of segmentation of mandibular condyles from different three-dimensional imaging modalities: a systematic review Kim JJ, Nam H, Kaipatur NR, Major PW, Flores-Mir C, Lagravere MO, Romanyk DL. Published in Dento maxillo facial radiology. Volume 49, Issue 5, 1 July 2020, Page 20190150

Saliva as an alternative to blood in the determination of uremic state in adult patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Rodrigues RPCB, de Andrade Vieira W, Siqueira WL, Blumenberg C, de Macedo Bernardino Í, Cardoso SV, Flores-Mir C, Paranhos LR. Published in Clinical Oral Investigations. 2020 May 23. doi: 10.1007/ s00784-020-03340-2.

Selective Upregulation of CTLA-4 on CD8+ T Cells Restricted by HLAB*35Px Renders them to an Exhausted Phenotype in HIV-1 infection

Elahi S, Shahbaz S, Houston S. Published in PLoS Pathogens. 2020 Aug 6;16(8):e1008696. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1008696. eCollection 2020 Aug.

Shortening of Overall Orthodontic Treatment Duration with Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS)

Kaur H, El-Bialy T. Published in Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020 May 1;9(5). pii: E1303. doi: 10.3390/ jcm9051303.

Stability of Class II corrections with removable and fixed functional appliances: A literature review

Moro A, Mattos CFP, Borges SW, Flores-Mir C, Topolski F. Published in Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists. 2020 Jun;9(2):56-67. doi: 10.1016/j.ejwf.2020.04.003. Epub 2020 May 27. PMID: 32672656

Surgically accelerated orthodontic techniques and periodontal response: a systematic review Rekhi U, Catunda RQ, Gibson MP. Published in European Journal of Orthodontics. 2020 Jan 15

A systematic review of the clinical and radiographic features of hybrid central giant cell granuloma lesions of the jaws

Alsufyani NA, Aldosary RM, Alrasheed RS, Alsaif RF. Published in Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 2020 Jul 30:1-8. doi: 10.1080/00016357.2020.1797160. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32730731

Thinking Ecologically about Clinical Education in Dentistry

Perez A, Senior A, Green JL, Compton SM, Patterson S. Published in European Journal of Dental Education. 2020 Jan 24

The three-dimensional stable mandibular landmarks in patients between the ages of 12.5 and 17.1 years Chen G, Al Awadi M, Chambers DW, LagravèreVich MO, Xu T, Oh H. Published in BMC Oral Health. Volume 20, Issue 1, 27 May 2020, Article number 153

Tridimensional upper airway assessment in male patients with OSA using oral advancement devices modifying their vertical dimension Barbero M, Flores-Mir C, Blanco JC, Nuño VC, Casellas JB, Calvo Girado JL, Amezaga JA, De Carlos F. Published in Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2020 Jul 6. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.8666

The Use of High Frequency Vibration and Clear Aligners in Management of an Adult Patient with Class III Skeletal Malocclusion with Open Bite and Severe Bimaxillary Protrusion: Case Report

El-Bialy T. Published in Dentistry Journal (Basel). 2020 Jul 14;8(3):E75. doi: 10.3390/dj8030075. PMID: 32674423

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