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SMART & CREATIVE CITIES

INNOVATION & SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH URBAN REGENERATION PROJECTS


SCE Project Asia and VAA (Venice Architecture Association) are pleased to announce the public release of a paper-manifesto called “Smart & Creative Cities – Innovation & Sustainability Through Urban Regeneration Projects”, our contribution to the ongoing debates among thinkers and professionals on this topic. Our research is not meant to respond to the COVID-19 emergency as we believe the present situation is only one of the nefarious consequences of the current economic, social and in particular urban development models and, therefore, not the root of the issue. We don’t expect to provide miraculous solutions, as the problematics are extremely complex and articulated but, as architects, we strongly believe that only a wiser and worldwide shared planning policy can provide significant benefits to our society, with these imperatives: stopping the destruction of our Natural and Architectural heritage, halting land waste, starting to better use and transform the current building environment and implementing new technologies combined with the respect of local cultures. We invite colleagues and thinkers from all over the world to join this Manifesto and give strength to it. Please share this document as much as possible and feel free to give us your comments and suggestions. Dr. Arch. Luigi Campanale Prof. Arch Luigi Croce


INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX

01.

INTRODUCTION The challenges of a fast changing world The smart city, next step towards the future Solutions for a smart city The benefits of a smart city

5 7 8 9

02.

SMART & CREATIVE CITIES Sustainable development goals Unesco’s creative cities network Sustainable planning Micro & macro aggregation economy Heritage preservation & adaptive reuse benefits

03.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES Four strategies to implement a smart city Renovate the built environment Create resilient & self sufficient cities Implement capacity buildings & smart hubs Combine tradition & innovation

20 21 23 25 28

04.

RELEVANT CASE STUDIES Nice - Cote d’Azur smart city Amsterdam - Borneo Sporenburg Hanoi - FeliCity smart district HCMC - Saigon Golden square

32 35 38 43

05.

CONCLUSION Towards a sustainable future About us

51 52

12 13 14 15 17


01.

INTRODUCTION

SMART & CREATIVE CITIES - 4


THE CHALLENGES OF A FAST CHANGING WORLD RAPID URBANIZATION

WILDLIFE ENDANGERMENT

GLOBAL PANDEMIC As of April 2020, more than 2.6 million confirmed cases of coronavirus in 185 countries and 184,000 reported deaths

In 2019, more than 14,000 species were listed as threatened, almost double the amount of 2007

By 2050, up to 7 billion people are projected to live in urban areas

Half of the world wealth is owned by the top 1%

CULTURAL HERITAGE LOSS ECONOMIC INEQUALITY

Every year about 8 million tons of plastic waste are discarded into the oceans

The global temperature has increased by 1.1°C in 2019

APAC region lost nearly 30% of its own cultural heritage in the last 20 years

CLIMATE CHANGE SEVERE POLLUTION

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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“DO WE HAVE ANY SOLUTIONS TO REVERSE THIS SITUATION?”


THE SMART CITY, NEXT STEP TOWARDS THE FUTURE Revenue generation

Life quality

Economic development

More efficient transportation

Increased security

Enhanced citizen

Efficient public utilities

Improved infrastructures

Traffic control

Water efficiency Data-driven decisions

Illustration Credit: SIEMENS + WP BRAND STUDIO

Reduced environmental footprint

Increased digital equality

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SOLUTIONS FOR A SMART CITY

TRANSPORTATION & MOBILITY

SMART INFRASTRUCTURE

SMART ENERGY

• Autonomous private vehicles

• Smart water supply

• Renewable energy integration

• Smart traffic control

• Smart waste management

• Decentralized distribution

• Smart parking system

• Smart planning

• Energy efficient technologies

• Smart road design

• Cloud based services

• Microgrids

• Integrated public transportation

• Smart security & surveillance system

• Systems interconnection

• Privileged pedestrian areas

• Integrated urban agriculture

• Bicycles & electric scooter

Illustration Credit: SIEMENS + WP BRAND STUDIO

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THE BENEFITS OF A SMART CITY Reduced environmental footprint

Improved efficiency of infrastructures

Effective data-driven decision making

Improved efficiency of public utilities

Increased digital equality

Better quality of life for all citizens

Increased opportunities for economic development

Illustration Credit: SIEMENS + WP BRAND STUDIO

Increased revenue generation

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02.

SMART & CREATIVE CITIES


“THE GENERAL FRAMEWORK OF SMART & CREATIVE CITIES”


SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

Credit: United Nations

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UNESCO’S CREATIVE CITIES NETWORK

DESIGN FILM

MEDIA ARTS

CRAFTS & FOLK ARTS GASTRONOMY MUSIC LITERATURE

PR OGRA M ME FOR SUSTAI NABLE DEVELO PMENT Promoting local collaboration for global impact

Source: Unesco

Connecting cities’ efforts to needs on-the-ground

Engaging local agents for international development

Creating new tourism opportunities

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SUSTAINABLE PLANNING REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT

GENERATE INCREASED INCOME GREEN PRODUCTS

CLEANER PRODUCTION

CIRCULAR ECONOMY RECYCLE WASTE, REUSE RESOURCES

BETTER SERVICES COLLECT AT END-OF-LIFE & REMANUFACTURE

MINIMIZE WASTE Source: Bee Smart City

REDUCE RESOURCES DEPENDENCY SMART & CREATIVE CITIES - 14


MACRO & MICRO AGGREGATION ECONOMY EXISTING SEPARATED URBAN CLUSTERS

MACRO URBAN AGGREGATION

LACK OF ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

A

+

MACRO & MICRO URBAN AGGREGATION OF SOCIAL/ECONOMICS CLUSTERS

ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

B

SOCIAL INTEGRATION

SMART PLANNING

MACRO & MICRO AGGREGATION SMART HUB

INTEGRATED INFRASTRUCTURE

A

B

LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE Credit: SCE Project Asia

INTEGRATION OF SHARED INFRASTRUCTURE

VIRTUAL INFRASTRUCTURE

PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SMART & CREATIVE CITIES - 15


“HERITAGE PRESERVATION & ADAPTIVE REUSE ARE INSTRUMENTAL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A SMART & CREATIVE CITY”


HERITAGE PRESERVATION & ADAPTIVE REUSE BENEFITS

SOCIAL • Create a “sense of place” • Strengthen community identity • Historical & cultural preservation • Develop social capital • Provide educational opportunities

ECONOMIC • Sustainable tourism development • Improve housing quality & diversity

MANAGEMENT • Smart planning & infrastructure zoning

• Security & safety • Disaster resilience

• Services efficiency

• Jobs creation

• Transportation management

• Keep land & property values stable

• Develop specific know-how

• Reap benefits from agglomeration

SAFETY

• Preservation of historic assets

• Community well-being • Community participation • Inclusive spaces • Safety throught social cohesion

• Generate productivity gains

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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03.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES

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“HOW TO IMPLEMENT A SMART & CREATIVE CITY CONCEPT IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT?”


FOUR STRATEGIES TO IMPLEMENT A SMART CITY

1

RENOVATE THE BUILT ENVIROMENT

CREATE RESILIENT & SELF SUFFICIENT CITIES

2

COMBINE TRADITION & INNOVATION

4

SMART & IMPLEMENTATION CREATIVE STRATEGIES CITY

3 Credit: SCE Project Asia

IMPLEMENT CAPACITY BUILDINGS & SMART HUBS

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01

ew fn s o ces ow r Fl sou re

DIFFUSE RETURN ON INVESTMENT

RESOURCES RECYCLING

En Soci Com ha al pl nc Va ex em lue en t

RENOVATE THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT

SMART & CREATIVE CITY

Impacts Assessment

ADAPTIVE REUSE

n tio ra ew sto & n es Re rks valu wo use

B Coene st fits s

NET IMPACTS

Photo credit: European Heritage Days

HISTORICAL & CULTURAL ASSETS

Heritage resources Assessment

SENSITIVE DESIGN

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01

RENOVATE THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT

DEGRADED URBAN AREA

RECONNECTION OF THE URBAN FABRIC

MACRO & MICRO URBAN AGGREGATION OF SOCIAL/ECONOMICS CLUSTERS

ADAPTIVE REUSE ANCIENT CONVENT

NEW CULTURAL COMPLEX

ACCURATE SURVEY & ANALYSIS

SMART INTEGRATED PLANNING & DESIGN

IMPLEMENTATION OF A NEW SHARED VISION AND MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT FOR THE CITY

M9 MUSEUM COMPLEX IN VENICE MESTRE BY SAUERBRUCH HUTTON & SCE PROJECT Photo credit: Sauerbruch Hutton - SCE Project

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02

CREATE RESILIENT & SELF SUFFICIENT CITIES

SELF SUFFICIENT FOOD

SELF SUFFICIENT SOURCE OF WATER

SELF SUFFICIENT POWER

SMART & CREATIVE CITY

ZERO WASTE

DATA COLLECTION

Photo credit: Gรกbor Molnรกr - Vertical Forest Stefano Boeri Architects

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02

CREATE RESILIENT & SELF SUFFICIENT CITIES RAIN WATER

SELF SUFFICIENT FOOD PRODUCTION Tropical plants Native plants WEATHER DATA COLLECTION

Botanicals Herbs

ZERO WASTE REUSE & RECYCLE

SELF SUFFICIENT POWER SUPPLY

Tropical fruits Exotic vegetables Native fruits Native vegetables SELF SUFFICIENT SOURCE OF WATER Neighborhood grapwater Pump system

Parks Wildlife Butterfly garden

Desalination Storage tank Fish hatchery

WATER STORAGE

THAMES WATER EXCHANGE

LONDON FARM TOWER DESIGNED BY BRANDON MARTELLA Credit: Brandon Martella Architects

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03

IMPLEMENT CAPACITY BUILDINGS & SMART HUBS DEVELOP BUSINESSES

SUPPORT COMMUNITIES

IMPROVE SKILLS

SMART & CREATIVE CITY

EXCHANGE LEARNING

COACHING CITIZENS

SHARE KNOWLEDGE

TEACHING TECHNOLOGY

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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03

IMPLEMENT CAPACITY BUILDINGS & SMART HUBS

GREEN & SOCIAL SPACES INTEGRATION

HYBRID BULDINGS

MULTI-LEVEL &MULTI-USER ACCESSIBILITY

REDUCE OPERATION COSTS

BETTER FUNCTIONALITY & VERSATILITY IMPROVE SUSTAINABILITY

Photo credit: a+t architecture publishers

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03

IMPLEMENT CAPACITY BUILDINGS & SMART HUBS

GREEN ROOF RAIN WATER RECYCLE

SKYLIGHT FOR NATURAL ILLUMINATION

MULTI LEVEL &MULTI USER ACCESSIBILITY

CULTURAL & BUSINESS SPACES INTEGRATION

IMPROVE WORKPLACE EFFICIENCY

REDUCE OPERATION COSTS

Event Space

Sky garden

Conference

Incubator

Meeting

Sharing office

Sharing office

Lobby

Event space Subway station & Retails

Exhibition space & Retails

Subway station & Retails

DIAMOND PAVILION - SMART HUB DESIGNED BY SCE PROJECT ASIA Credit: SCE Project Asia

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04

COMBINE TRADITION & INNOVATION

Energy efficiency

Ventilation with heat recovery

Building’s airtightness

Absence of thermal bridges

PASSIVE BUILDING BENEFITS

Enhanced comfort

Thermal insulation

Environment friendly

Affordable

Credit: SCE Project Asia

Healthy living standards

Versatile

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04

COMBINE TRADITION & INNOVATION “TRADITIONAL” BUILDING

Ventilation through flues and open fire Roof covering sheds water but permeable to water vapour

“MODERN” BUILDING

Heat loss through open flue

Air leakage through permeable roof

Moisture and air extraction with ventilation heat loss (mechanical or passive stack ventilation from moisture producing areas) Fabric heat loss limited by high levels of insulation

Fabric heat loss Limited solar gain through small openings and massive walls

Moisture transfer to & from permeable walls

Rainwater repelled by rain-screen external finish

Porous walls absorb water Moisture evaporation from permeable walls

Roof ventilation above insulation layer

Wall acts as heat sink Ventilation Heating

Solar gain within well insulated fabric

sealed envelope reduces air infiltration Trickle ventilation Vapour barries repel water vapour

Heating system Internal heat gains Ventilation below floor Moisture from ground repelled by damp proof membrane under floor and DPCs in walls

Moisture transfer from ground dissipated by ventilation

PASS IV E B UILDIN G DE SIGN CO MBI NES TRADI TI O N & I NNOVATI O N High quality energy-efficient buildings with low ecological footprint

Illustration Credit: Paul Arnold Architects

Less mechanical ventilation to reduce dangers of viruses and bacteria diffusion

Good return on investment due to energy savings

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04.

RELEVANT CASE STUDIES


“GOOD PRACTICE: FEW SELECTED CASE STUDIES AROUND THE WORLD & SOME PROJECTS DEVELOPED BY US”


NICE - COTE D’AZUR SMART CITY Photo credit: Iris Smart Cities

Nice Côte d’Azur Metropolitan area has taken on the challenge of new technologies and new sectors, and is currently pursuing a resolutely ambitious policy aimed at improving the lives of its inhabitants, optimizing the management of the city and the creation of jobs. Nice Côte d’Azur, winner of the Idex Label 2016 and Smart Innovation 2016 and Silver Decibel 2016.

Credit: Meet In Nice

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NICE - COTE D’AZUR SMART CITY • City-owned low energy • RF network for IoT devices • LoRa • 5G IoT technology • Shared Bikes monitoring • Free floating scheme • Geolocalization platform • EV public fleets charging • Management of pollution peaks • Renewable supply from the geothermal, sewage and PV • Retrofit & LT district heating • High-rise positive energy building

REPLICATION

• City-owned low energy RF network for IoT devices • LoRa • 5G IoT technology

• LEM • 2nd life EV battery • Standard Li-ion • Medium temperature DHN • Geothermal energy for heating and cooling • PV panels for electricity • LT heating and cooling network

• 2nd life EV batteries • Waste heat from sewage • Car sharing services • Smart management of pollution peaks • Predictive maintenance of CS

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Credit: Iris Smart Cities

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• Multi-purpose sensors connected via the city optic fiber network

• Crowdsourcing • CUSA solutions • CITY OPT applicaiton/solutions • Individual coaching • Dedicated applications for tenants/landlords • Civocracy online platform

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P L AT F O R

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NICE - COTE D’AZUR SMART CITY

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Smart Grids are the keystone for energy transition, facilitate management, development and decentralised supply.

Urban environmental monitoring system use data (pollution, water, energy, waste, etc.) to increase efficiency and save costs.

Smart mobility and renewable energy generation are integrated into an interconnected system that is feed constantly.

Tourism increased significantly making Nice Metropolitan the 2nd most visited destination in France after Paris region.

The IoT platform build a shared interface with enviromental data, and GIS, stored in a localized and safe data center.

Photo credit: Iris Smart Cities

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AMSTERDAM - BORNEO SPORENBURG

Borneo Sporenburg is predominately a residential development with 2500 housing units. Its linear parcels lie along the docks and provide a waterscape as well as a streetscape. Urban designers and landscape architect West 8 designed the master plan of Borneo Sporenburg, which encompasses two large docks. It is also the first high-density development in Amsterdam with a density of 100 residential units per hectare as requirement. Credit: West 8 Urban Design & Landscape Architecture

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AMSTERDAM - BORNEO SPORENBURG

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Borneo developed an urban environment on the dockland which incorporates urban design principles.

Housing grants access to water transportation and footpaths giving continuity with the traditional urban pattern.

The continuity of pedestrian pathways forms a continuous circulation and ease walkability for the residents.

Absence of internal gardens but the homes are back to back. Small courtyards are giving light and air to houses.

The subtracted void in the middle of the building creates an emphatic open space for public activities.

Credit: West 8 Urban Design & Landscape Architecture

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HANOI - FELICITY SMART DISTRICT

Felicity concept is based on four-element : Friendly - Eco - Local Intelligent, designed by Luigi Campanale with SCE Project Asia. By creating several integrated public spaces and greenery, the technology is plugged into the district and connecting it with the surrounding, defining a paradigm of smart city that aims to create a friendly, ecological, localized and efficient living environment.

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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HANOI - FELICITY SMART DISTRICT

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Green roofs, rainwater harvest and water recycling systems are applied on all low rise buildings to save energy.

Pedestrian areas are integrated with local flavor shops, greenery and water surface to create harmonious public spaces.

Public lightings are feed by integrated solar panels, that also supply energy for smart parking system.

Smart parking is implemented for both residents and visitors allowing the possibility to increase green areas.

Use of natural materials and passive design principles are visible all over the district to reduce carbon footprint.

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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HANOI - FELICITY SMART DISTRICT

GRIDIRON

MIXTURE OF LOW & HIGH RISES

• Improve overall accessibility

• Increase total GFA

• Consistency

• High density

• Chance to create more pedestrian areas and less driving streets

• Allow diverse land value

FELICITY URBAN FABRIC • Balanced buildings volume and open spaces for resident • Oriented High-rise buildings do not block the views for low-rise units • Differentiated products • Controlled accessibility and circulation

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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Kindergarten (3F)

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Urban farming

Flea market Basement line Boundary line

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Eco-cars charging station

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HANOI - FELICITY SMART DISTRICT

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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HCMC - SAIGON GOLDEN SQUARE

“Saigon Golden Square, a Smart & Cultural District” is a urban planning design by Luigi Campanale with SCE Project Asia, following a student design workshop organized with VAA in HCMC. The project’s goal is to reconnect traditional & modern sensibility, heritage & smart city concept. Restored Ben Thanh market is the core of the project that aims to attract tourists through the implementation of pedestrian and green public spaces and a diversified range of commercial activities.

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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HCMC - SAIGON GOLDEN SQUARE

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Adaptive reuse of Ben Thanh Market through the implementation of diversified and integrated functions.

Public transportation combined with smart parking and traffic management system reduces overall congestion.

Commercial areas above and under Le Loi Boulevard connected to the restored Ben Thanh Market and Metro station.

The creation of large pedestrian & green areas allows residents and visitors a better experience of local culture.

Smart lighting, rainwater harvest and water recycling systems are implemented in order to improve efficiency.

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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HCMC - SAIGON GOLDEN SQUARE

Creative industries

Museum & exhibition New technologies

Conservation & adaptive reuse

SMART HUB + HERITAGE BUILDINGS

Business incubators Integrated public spaces

Integration of cultural activities Facilities for tourists

Connectivity

CREATE A GLOBAL TOURISM DESTINATION

Credit: SCE Project Asia

Local Identity

CREATE A REGIONAL SHOPPING HUB

IMPLEMENT SMART CITY CONCEPT

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HCMC - SAIGON GOLDEN SQUARE

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Pedestrian Le Loi Boulevard

Credit: SCE Project Asia

Subway entrance Railroad building

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HCMC - SAIGON GOLDEN SQUARE

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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HCMC - SAIGON GOLDEN SQUARE

Credit: SCE Project Asia

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05. CONCLUSION


“THIS PAPER WANTS TO BE A KICK-OFF TO OFFER AN INITIAL FRAMEWORK FOR FURTHER MULTI-DISCIPLINARY STUDIES OF MORE SUSTAINABLE MODELS OF DEVELOPMENT. THE WORLD’S PRESENT CONDITIONS WOULD NOT TOLERATE FURTHER DELAYS.”


TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE

NATURE

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L& BU ILT E N VI RO N M E N T

ECONOMY

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Photo credit: PopTika

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ABOUT US

Dr. Arch. Luigi Campanale

Prof. Arch. Luigi Croce

SCE Project Asia, CEO & Design Director

VAA, Chairman

After 15 years of experience leading design in Europe and Asia, he established in 2017 the Asian branches of SCE Project, with the mission of spreading the company’s knowhow in design and engineering and the “Italian way” of preservation and adaptive reuse of Heritage buildings.

Conservation architect, principal at Studio Architetti Croce and founder of Venice Architectural Association. Past Professor of Architectural Composition at the University of Udine and Coordinator of the Master in Conservation and Cultural Sustainability at IUAV University of Venice.

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GRAZIE

© 2020 SCE Project Asia Cover photo Credit: Lerone Pieters