Gumbo Cajun Good
Making Good A Soldier's Story
Sky's the Limit Learning to Fly
120 W. MAIN STREET â&#x20AC;¢ ABERDEEN 910.944.1071
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Everything Pines Partners
A Locally Owned Real Estate Company
We â&#x20AC;&#x2122;re yo u r n e x t d o o r n e i g h b o r . . . b e h i n d yo u i n th e c a r p o o l l i n e at s c h o o l . . . s i tt i n g i n t h e c h u rc h p e w i n f ro nt o f yo u . . . vo lu nte e r i n g w i th yo u i n o u r c o m m u n i ty
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A Culture of Service Boys & Girls Club of the Sandhills
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SOPI Womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Rugby
Carolyn Hallett 910.986.2319
The Carolina Philharmonic Family Promise Mav Hankey
Sandhills Community College
Vanessa Huizar 530.720.7050
Caring Hearts for Canines Trinity Community Outreach Center Michael Long
Natasha Whiteside 910.634.0116
2 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Andrea Williams 910.495.6973
Peighton Woodard 727.647.8406
Betsy Robinson 910.639.0695
Everything Pines Partners
A Locally Owned Real Estate Company
164 sharpe lane, carthage chris young 910.315.6960
145 Argyll avenue, Aberdeen Kristi Snyder 910.624.5411 $185,000
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1055 ft. bragg road, Southern Pines kellie adams 910.639.5050
is very proud to be the Listing Agency for the new subdivision
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Located in the heart of Vass, NC, just a short distance from Ft. Bragg, Southern Pines and Sanford. Seven 4 to 5 Bedroom homes AVAILABLE NOW starting at $255,000
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12 A Creative Calling
SAND & PINE
Amy Smith is an abstract expressionist with a clear mission. She may create art that is open to interpretation but her faith is on solid ground.
Did you know gifting daffodils ensures happiness to the recipient? But don’t give just one daffodil—that will just bring bad luck.
Pub People Greg Girard, Amanda Jakl
Somalia, Oct. 3,1993. A day that started like any other for Brad Halling, Gary Gordon and Randy Shughart. Yet when the day ended, nothing would be the same again.
Storysmith Greg Girard email@example.com Creative Conjuror Amanda Jakl firstname.lastname@example.org
On the Cover Image: Cajun Good!
Word Geek Rachel Dorrell Ad Peddler Marissa Cruz email@example.com
Contributing Scribblers Karen Caulfield, Darcy Connor, Ellen Cooper, Jason Dickinson, Brittany Hampton, Jessica Harrelson, Dolores Muller, Patti Ranck Our Girl Friday Iris Voelker firstname.lastname@example.org Visual Alchemists Steven Jordan, Tim Myers Free Labor (intern) Louis Watson
4 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Gumbo Cajun Good
Making Good A Soldier's Story
Sky's the Limit Learning to Fly
P.O. Box 892 Southern Pines, NC 28388 Tel. 910.315.0467 email@example.com www.sandandpinemag.com facebook: SandandPineMag
© Copyright 2019. Sand & Pine Magazine is published six times annually by Sand & Pine, LLC. Reproduction in whole or in part without written consent is prohibited.
Quicksand 6 Good Reads 10 Beer Matters 36 Humans of Moore 38 Music 40
26 Sky's the Limit
“Once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward, for there you have been, and there you will always long to return.” - Leonardo da Vinci
At the Table
Last Word 48
To truly experience gumbo like the locals, have the hot sauce, chopped parsley and green onions on the table for your guests.
editor note by Greg Girard
I've had one experience flying a plane. In another
life, I was in Guatemala, flying back to Guatemala City from the northeast coast after conducting a security inspection at the port. We were in a plane called a push pull, which meant nothing to me at the time nor does it have much impact on me today, but, apparently, it is somewhat unique in that it has both forward- and backward-mounted propellers and a pretty cool tail. Anyway, it was the end of a long day and I had settled into the co-pilot chair in a state of relaxation only achieved after a good day’s work. (I also remember dreaming longingly for the freshly made corn tortillas we had at lunch. They were truly spectacular and I have yet to find one up here that compares.) We took off right away—no waiting in lines like a commercial flight—and were swiftly heading west when the pilot came over the mic and asked if I wanted to fly. Now, I had just ended a day of inspecting security at a port and pointing out all the things that were in violation of international laws and rules, so you would think I’d at least ask if it was allowed. Didn’t happen. I said, “Heck yeah,” and took the controls. The
pilot, without any prodding, decided he would put his life in the hands of a tired-looking gringo with a goofy smile on his face. He didn’t ask the passengers in the back if it was OK either. Neither did I. With a shaky command of English, he gave me a brief course on the controls. I remember he pointed to a lot of things and I nodded my head. Then he said, “Follow the river,” and immediately closed his eyes in mock sleep. It was a thrill and a sense of freedom I’ve yet to duplicate. It’s perspective-altering when you’re in control of something so high above the Earth. Your thoughts become limitless. The culture of flying is a whole other world, as I learned while talking with Phil Greene and Al Mattress, owners of Total Flight Solutions, which is located at the Moore County Airport. Phil told me it’s not unusual for him on a weekend day to jump in his helicopter—which is parked in his backyard, by the way—fly around awhile, land, have lunch and go back up in the afternoon. Not your average Saturday for most of us. But, truth be told, it could be. Total Flight Solutions offers helicopter and plane lessons for anyone interested. Ready to check this one off your bucket list? www.SandandPineMag.com | 5
Quicksand Groundhogs 1/3 — The fraction of their own weight that groundhogs consume in vegetation each day. Groundhogs eat a mostly herbivore diet consisting of apples, bark and other vegetation, but they are known to munch on the occasional insects.
80 — The percentage of times Staten Island Chuck
correctly predicted the coming of spring. Since 2010, he has only missed once, beating out rival Punxsutawney Phil, who clocks in at a meager 40 percent accuracy.
5 — The beats per minute of a groundhog's heart during hibernation, down from 80 when awake. A groundhog's body temperature during hibernation will drop from about 99 degrees Fahrenheit to as low as 37 F. (Compared to a human who will lose consciousness with a body temperature of 82 F and will usually die at 70 F or below.)
150 — The
maximum distance in feet that groundhogs venture from their den in the daytime. Homebodies, we’d say.
6 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
12 — The amount of entrances that can be found
leading to a groundhog’s burrow. Burrows must be spacious to fit so many front doors, with some burrows stretching up to 20 feet wide.
34 — The number of years Bill Murray’s character is thought to have replayed the same day in the 1993 film "Groundhog Day." While initial studio estimates pinned it at just two weeks, and some critics proposing a timeline of 10,000 years, recent analysis by WhatCulture has estimated 12,395 days—just under 34 years.
3 — The number of months the average groundhog
stays in its mother's den before leaving to go off on their own. Groundhogs don’t leave their den for the first four weeks after they’re born, meaning all the experience they need to be an independent groundhog is crammed into just two months.
LOOK, LEARN & LISTEN
Sleep Cycle If you’re as obsessed as we are with sleep, Sleep Cycle makes keeping track of it easy. You can track your sleep quality and set intuitive alarms that wake you up at the optimal time based on your sleeping patterns. Checking out your sleep data is pretty cool too, with the app offering graphs which display short and long term trends.
Gnoosic Trying to find new music, but don’t know where to start? Name your three favorite artists, plug them into Gnoosic’s selfadapting system and voilà—a new world of music for you to enjoy. Don’t fret if the first result isn’t quite your style. The engine gives you the ability to like or dislike results until you find the artist that suits you perfectly. gnoosic.com
and other tech marvels
Road trip! Beyond the boundaries of our little sandbox, there is much to see. Here are a few events worth checking out. For events with a more local flavor, check out moorechoices.net.
Bluegrass First Class Asheville bluegrassfirstclass.com WHY: Three days to see the most talented names in bluegrass. If you’re new to the genre, this is the perfect time to get a taste at an amazing price.
243rd Anniversary of Moores Creek Bridge Currie facebook.com/moorescreeknps WHY: Site of an early Revolutionary War battle, the patriot victory led North Carolina to be the first state to vote for independence. EVERY DAY
Caliphate The Caliphate podcast examines one of the most poignant foreign crisis faced in U.S. history. Delving deep into the growth and battle against ISIS in the Middle East, Caliphate is hosted by New York Times terrorism correspondent, Rukmini Callimachi, and Radiolab’s Andy Mills. Each episode offers an insightful discussion of the latest events on the war on terror.
Cryptozoology & Paranormal Museum Littleton crypto-para.org WHY: Have you seen Bigfoot? Do the spirits speak to you? Want to go on a ghost hunt? Start your investigations at this museum and share your experiences with experts on hand.
Listen, smile, agree, and then do whatever the f*** you were going to do anyway. - Robert Downey, Jr.
Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes. - Carl Jung
I don’t believe in astrology; I’m Saggittarius and we’re skeptical. - Arthur C. Clarke
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Quicksand , Ros es are re d, vi ol et s are bl ue do. l il w l il m d ea tr a s, er ow fl e st op wit h t h By Brittany Hampton, owner of Stroller Strong Moms
f you have a loved one in your life who loves to lift, run, jump or just stay active and healthy, this guide is even better than one of Cupid’s arrows.
A hike. Nothing says love like spending time together and what better way to get some QT than experiencing the outdoors. Weymouth Woods has multiple hiking trails to choose from or you could take a short road trip to Raven Rock State Park and take in some more scenic views. Workout gear. If your special one loves to sweat, chances are he or she could always use more new shorts or a Dri-Fit top. ZYIA Active has cute and functional clothes for women and if your guy needing some new threads, River Jack has him covered. Water bottle. This may seem like a simple gift, but a YETI water bottle is a prized possession for any fitness buff. ACE Hardware carries all different sizes and colors to make your hydration-loving lover happy. A massage. Foam rollers are a runner’s best friend, but having someone to do the rolling for you is even better. If you don’t feel skilled enough, book your sweetheart a massage at Karma Spa Lounge & Beauty Bar. Some new shades. In the land of the Pines, the sun is usually shining, but keeping sunglasses on while staying fit is nearly impossible. Good sunglasses are affordable, stay on through running or doing burpees, and come in an array of colors for the lady or lad in your life. Find them at RIOT Southern Pines. A delicious meal. If cooking isn’t your strong suit, Supper Meals Sandhills delivers healthy, ready-to-eat meals. Choose from their menu options and surprise your loved one with something tasty and nutritious. You can light the candles and bring dessert.
FEB. 3 MARDI GRAS MILES
Saint John Paul II School, Southern Pines 5K, 1M fun run
mardigrasmiles.com 8 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Cupcakes. Speaking of dessert, if chocolate says “I love you,” a cupcake says “I really love you.” C Cups Cupcakery’s red velvet with a heart sprinkle is the perfect gift and with paleo and gluten-free cupcake options, your health buff can’t complain. Just make sure you get yourself one, too—this is one thing no one wants to share. A fitness experience. Our little town may be small, but the fitness options are grand. From CrossFit to Pure Barre to stroller fitness to Dance Fit, there are so many choices. Give your loved one a membership or gift card to see what gets his or her heart pumping (literally and figuratively). A race. Your special one may love running but no one likes paying for races. Be a dear and surprise him or her with a paid signup for one of the upcoming 5k races. Mardi Gras Miles, the ShamRock ‘n’ Roll Road Race and the Friend to Friend Rock ‘n’ Run are just a few of some local favorites. Protein. Whether that’s powder or a bar, protein is all the rage right now. The Nutrishop has a whole store full of options and a helpful staff who can help your loved one meet his or her fitness goals. Cooking class. Not all health nuts are experts in the kitchen, and even if your companion is a whiz with a whisk, taking a cooking class together offers an unforgettable experience. The Flavor Exchange offers classes locally and can bring the fun right to your home. A snack. Sometimes the most thoughtful gifts are the simplest. Showing up with a post-workout snack as a surprise can put the biggest smile on someone’s face. The smoothies and bowls at Clean Juice are filled with protein and healthy fats that will fuel your babe ’til his or her next workout.
SP FEB. 23 PINEHURST HALF MARATHON
MARCH 16 SHAMROCK 'N ROLL ROAD RACE
Pinehurst Resort, Pinehurst 13.1M, 10K, 5K
Whispering Pines 10K, 5K, 1M
We are the Home Team
We Know MOORE
Just a few of the homes recently sold with The Home Team We Know Moore County Food Too!!
Find our food blog at mooreeats.com and our “At the Table” column in Sand & Pine Magazine
Mark & Karen Caulfield Phone: 910.684.3339 TheHomeTeamNC@homescba.com WeKnowMooreNC.com
www.SandandPineMag.com | 9
Good Reads by Darcy Connor
Preschool/Toddler Hello Hello Written & Illustrated by Brendan Wenzel
Celebrating the diversity and similarities that are all around us, Brendan Wenzel begins Hello Hello with the simplicity of two cats, one white and one black, and links them through common traits to a menagerie of animals around the world. This book was named a Best Book of the Year by The Washington Post and Amazon. Wenzel’s abstract use of colors and shapes will have your child flipping through the pages again and again. Picture Book The Elephant Written & Illustrated by Jenni Desmond
The Elephant is Jenni Desmond’s third touching, nonfiction story about large, endangered animals. Through the eyes of a young boy, we venture to the elephant's natural habitats across Africa and Asia, learning all about this gracious animal, from its exceptional hearing to how much it needs to eat in a day. Desmond’s illustrations are beautiful and full of detail, using collage, paint and colored pencil to tell the story. If you enjoy this book, as I think you will, it is well worth finding Desmond’s previous works in this series, The Polar Bear (a 2016 New York Times Best Illustrated Book award winner) and The Blue Whale.
10 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Early Elementary School Andy Shane, Hero at Last Written by Jennifer Jacobson Illustrated by Abby Carter
There’s a parade coming and Andy Shane wants to be ready. The best-decorated bike award is up for grabs and Andy has the perfect winning idea. At the parade, however, Andy spots a problem that could ruin everything. There’s only one thing to do—time to be a hero! A great story for any young reader looking to go on a little adventure. Adult The Great Alone
Middle School Greenglass House
By Kristin Hannah
By Kate Milford
Sometimes a book comes along that has you squirming in agony and wanting desperately to leave it forever but each day you inexplicably keep coming back for more. The Great Alone fell firmly into that category for me. Unpredictable, distressing, mesmerizing, the list of adjectives to describe this book could fill the page. Ernt Allbright, a former POW during the Vietnam War, came home a changed man. Unable to hold down a steady job, on impulse he decides to pack up his family and move to Alaska, living off the grid. What follows is the family’s struggle for survival in Alaska’s daunting environs.
Wintertime is supposed to be quiet at the old, creaky Greenglass House Inn, and Milo, the innkeeper’s 12-yearold adopted son, is ready for some relaxation. But as the ice storm outside makes the walls creak, one strange guest after another begins to arrive, each with a story connecting them somehow to the old inn. As the guests start to clash and objects go missing, it’s up to Milo and Meddy, the cook’s daughter, to find out the truth in a web of interconnecting mysteries. Greenglass House won the Edgar Award for Best Juvenile Mystery.
Celebrating 26 years in the Sandhills Area • Voted ‘Best Dance Studio’ in Town
N ew C lasses B egiNNiNg ! 176 NW Broad Street Southern Pines 910.695.1116
terpsichoredance.net firstname.lastname@example.org www.SandandPineMag.com | 11
A Creative Calling By ELLEN COOPER
Photography by AMANDA JAKL
ocal artist Amy Smith has been blessed with many gifts. Creating and teaching art are the obvious ones, but hearing and feeling art are two of her greatest. Smith grew up in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Crozet, Virginia. Her mother founded the Crozet Arts and Crafts Festival in her hometown and also owned an art gallery in downtown Charlottesville, Virginia, while Smith was growing up. Surrounded by this creative environment, it’s no surprise that Smith was showing her own artwork by the time she was in high school. She went on to attend James Madison University. “At the time I was in high school, there wasn’t much encouragement from my teachers or parents to pursue an art degree,” she says. “So, I chose the everexciting political science field to major in.” A negative experience with an art professor while in college caused Smith to drop her one and only college art class and stop creating for many years. It wasn’t until her late 20s that her creative instincts re-emerged and she started making simple beaded earrings. Smith and her husband, Matt, relocated to Moore County in 1998 for Matt’s job. Around the same time, Smith took up making glass beads with a torch at the encouragement of her husband, and a budding career as an artist started gaining momentum.
She made lamp work glass beads for a number of years with great success, traveling across the Southeast for bead shows. She also had her work published and taught bead making classes. But in 2006, as Smith and her husband were raising their son Adam, and in the process of adopting their daughter, Messa, she began experiencing health issues. “I had no clue what was wrong,” she says. “I was out of it at the time, I couldn’t function. I had a 3-year-old and was trying to adopt a new child, and it was just a whirlwind.” After a series of misdiagnoses and wrong medications, Smith was eventually correctly diagnosed with sleep apnea and began treatment with a CPAP machine. The diagnosis, she says, literally saved her life, but her health struggles had put her glass bead making on hold. “I was just not well enough to continue to work with the heat and the glass. I needed to find something gentler to work on,” she says. And with her health improved, she “was ready to make something beautiful.” Smith decided to delve into mixed media art, creating art on a smaller scale with collage materials and acrylic paints. Smith began to sell her art online and had success. She also began to create larger work and started showing her work in the former Artist Alley in downtown Southern Pines. As her confidence and skill in the medium grew, Smith connected with her mentor, Asheville sculptural basketry artist Matt Tommey. She started working with Tommey in 2009 and he has helped her to make the connection between her art and her faith. “Matt helped me to understand that my art is not just a sideline or a hobby, but a God-given gift designed to release the light and life of God in the Earth,” she says. “I had always felt guilty that the time I felt most alive and purposeful was when I was creating. It was a revelation to understand that is because the passion to create is placed in me by God for his pleasure and purpose. It is not something to feel guilty about, but the thing I am designed to pursue. Every one of my paintings is a story, a whispered prayer or even a dialogue between myself and God.”
14 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
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She is inspired by emotions, relationships, events and her surroundings, and she describes her work as abstract expressionist, where the art captures emotion and energy rather than depicting the real world. Smith says it’s all about colors, gesture, patterns and movement. The process is pretty straightforward. She starts with a charcoal pencil, sketching out a design with no plan. Then, she says, she intuitively listens for God to tell her where to move, what to draw, how to paint and what colors to use. “For me, it is simply the act of listening and responding. I want to reveal the beauty of the Lord and connect people to Him through my art.” And it’s those feelings, those subconscious reactions, that gets to the heart of abstract expressionism. “A woman used to come into my studio to visit a particular painting,” Smith relates. “She told me, ‘I never used to understand what abstract art was about, but now I get it. When I look at this painting, I feel something. I don’t have to understand it, I just feel it.’” That is what gives Smith the most joy, and it has led her to discover another passion. Smith teaches adult art classes at her studio inside ARTWorks Vass. There, she encourages her students to listen, to let go of their expectations, to let go of their anxieties and to learn to relax. “I teach art,” Smith says, “but I really teach freedom. In order to create beautiful, abstract work, you must be free. One can’t have any expectations. [When you] learn to express yourself, the skill will follow.” She sees teaching as the perfect vehicle to pull out the creativity that is innate in all of us. “I believe everyone is creative. Maybe art isn’t your thing—it could be cooking, decorating, music or storytelling. I just like to help people feel free enough to figure out what they are passionate about creatively and make time for that.” Smith teaches a variety of different classes, from painting and mixed media to collage and jewelry making. And no matter what her students’ passions may be, Smith encourages them to listen to it, and share it. To view Smith’s work, visit amysmithart.com. You can also find her work at Swank Coffee and ARTWorks Vass. For art class information, visit artworksvass.com.
Be Part of the Solution. DONATE TODAY! The Companion Animal Clinic Foundation makes affordable spay and neuter for individuals without a private veterinarian and animal welfare groups at the Spay Neuter Veterinary Clinic.
Celebrating 10 Years! Surpassing 70,000 surgeries since opening in 2008.
Spay Neuter Veterinary Clinic 5071 US Hwy. #1, Vass, NC (910) 692-3499 (FIXX)
Donate at www.companionanimalclinic.org
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MORGANTON PARK SOUTH 1756 South Morganton Rd. Southern Pines, NC
COMING SOON! 5155 Ramsey Street Fayetteville, NC
Companion Animal Clinic Foundation
PO Box 148, Southern Pines, NC 28388 www.companionanimalclinic.org • email@example.com 1-855-439-3498 (FIXT) 501c3#20-2886984
We Keep the Sandhills on Its Feet!
Dr. A. Anthony Haro, III FACFAS
200 Westgate Drive, Suite A 2 miles from Moore Regional Hospital, on 211 West
Specializing in: Ankle and foot disorders • Diabetic foot care Bunions and Hammertoes • Joint replacement Ankle arthroscopy Sports injuries / fractures • Heel pain Raeford Clinic
Four Locations to Serve You:
313 Teal Drive Raeford, NC
522 Allen Street Medical Arts Building Troy, NC
Dr. Amie L. Haracz FACFAS
1139 Carthage Street Sanford, NC
910.295.7400 / 877.295.0079 (fax) www.SandandPineMag.com | 17
Daffodils BY D OLO R E S MULLE R N.C. COOP E RAT I VE E XT E NSI ON SE RV ICE MASTER GAR D E NE R VO LUNT E ER
Garden Variety 18 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
"Gardening is a way of showing that you believe in tomorrow."
n the Northern hemisphere, Spring Equinox arrives at 5:58 a.m. on March 20. Starting in February, sunny daffodils, botanically referred to as the Narcissus, help us greet this change of season. The yellow, white and pinkish petals pop their heads up, some even appearing through a late winter snowfall. Their sunny, bright colors make even the coldest day feel warmer.
Narcissus is named after the character from Greek mythology who was said to have been so in love with his own reflection that he was turned into a flower. The flowers face downward because Narcissus refused to look up from his image reflected in the stream. Daffodils are the national flower of Wales and they have been memorialized in poem by Wordsworth’s The Daffodils. They grow well in our area and are wonderful in the landscape because they quickly naturalize, making drifts of bright color. Daffodils deter animal pests from more scrumptious flower beds or garden delicacies. The leaves produce toxic crystals that rodents and deer don’t like. Plant bulbs in a sunny location during the fall for spring bloom. Water and feed with a 5-10-10 fertilizer or composted manure. After blooming, do not cut or tie the foliage. Allow it to yellow before cutting back, as this provides the bulb with fuel for the next bloom season. There are hundreds of different daffodils. Weymouth Center in Southern Pines recently planted 670 King Alfred, Carlton and Ice Follies varieties. A visit there this spring will be an awesome sight.
Tips • Good drainage is important. • The bigger the bulb the larger the flower. • Plant bulbs pointy end up to a depth of about 10 cm (4 in) or to about three times the height of the bulb.
/NCMGMooreCnty www.SandandPineMag.com | 19
“AT THE END OF THE DAY IT WAS JUST BY CIRCUMSTANCE,” HE SAYS. “It could have been Randy who got that gun and no one would have expected him to get out of it because we knew that we needed the gun. So it’s just one of those deals.” He pauses now, the image of the stoic warrior, as memories of a battle more than 25 years in the past evoke emotions long suppressed, long confronted. Emotion, not for himself, nor for the physical and psychological struggles overcome in the past two and a half decades, but for those left behind. Some things just never leave you. For Brad Halling, and his three-man sniper team of Gary Gordon and Randy Shughart, the morning of Oct. 3, 1993, started out like any other: Wake up to a hot, dry landscape, remember what you’re fighting for and be ready to deploy at any moment. In fact, the elite special-operations team, a part of Task Force Ranger, were preparing for a daytime snatch-and-grab that was to last an hour at the most. The mission was simple enough: capture two top lieutenants of Mohammed Aidid, the self-proclaimed president of Somalia—but more accurately the despotic warlord dominating large portions of the lawless capital city of Mogadishu. U.S. troops were in Somalia as part of Operation Restore Hope, a humanitarian campaign to protect the distribution of supplies helping to relieve desperate famine to the region. In fact, from the late 1980s leading up to 1992, more than 500,000 20Courtesy | SAND& PINE February/March Photo of the U.S. Army MAGAZINE Airborne and Special Operations Museum2019
Making Good a soldier's story By Greg Girard Somalis had starved to death, with millions more at risk. And swirling around this human catastrophe were a handful of warlords fighting for supremacy while stirring up resentment within the populace toward U.S. interference. As unrest rippled across the capital, the focus of the U.S. operation quickly changed from hunger relief to destabilizing the power of the warlords and their factions, with a particular focus on Aidid. By the summer of 1993, a bounty was on Aidid’s head and U.S. missions began targeting his inner circle. The operation started smoothly enough, with the special-ops team finding and securing the targets. But as the team was moving toward the exfiltration site, an RPG streaked into the sky and hit one of the Black Hawk helicopters operating as aerial support. Just 10 minutes later, another support Black Hawk was hit. For the next 18 hours, U.S. forces would have to fend off a frenzied, armed crowd of thousands. “It was just a day of chaos,” says Halling. It was also the beginning of the Battle of Mogadishu, later immortalized in book and film as Black Hawk Down.
The Realities of War “When the RPG came up through the floor, I will forever remember the sequence of events. They talk about how time slows down and it really did for me, to the point where I remember three phases of the explosion: a bright light, followed by this huge overpressure (phoof, phoof), followed by heat. “After the explosion, I was staring at the opening in the helo, then I looked up and I saw my leg lying up on the pilot’s seat. It was still attached, with just some tissue holding it on, but it was leaning up against that seat and I looked at it and I remember thinking, strange, then I followed it down and realized ‘That’s my leg.’ That’s what brought everything together.” The leg, amazingly, was the least of Halling’s concerns, as the pilot struggled to keep control of the violently spinning Black Hawk helicopter. Instead, a continuous stream of thoughts ran through his mind. “Can we land without hitting a building?” “Will we survive the crash?” “I better try to lie down so I don’t break my back when we hit.” “How long before we get overrun after we land?” “How do we defend our position?” “Now who’s going to support my teammates on the ground?” www.SandandPineMag.com | 21
Top: Slums of Mogadishu/ Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Army Airborne and Special Operations Museum Bottom: Brad Halling receiving a medal from President Bill Clinton/Photo courtesy of Brad Halling
Halling wasn’t even supposed to be on the helicopter. As the Black Hawk began to take fire, the helicopter’s machine gunner was hit in both hands and couldn’t operate the gun. Halling was closest to the gunner, so he took over the machine gun. After they saw the first helicopter go down, Halling, Gordon and Shughart repeatedly radioed back requesting permission to go support the downed crew, as they could see masses of armed Somalis moving toward the crash site. After several requests, permission was granted, and Gordon and Shughart were dropped off while Halling remained at the machine gun providing aerial support. Moments later, Halling’s helicopter was hit. By skill and luck, the pilot managed to find a strip of road away from buildings, and dove the helicopter toward the open space. “By then I had worked my way out of the gunner’s seat and got down on the floor for fear of potentially breaking my back,” Halling says. “And I was watching those struts on the helicopter 22 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
break and actually go up, which is what they’re meant to do by design, then the helo going down the road, screeching and scraping and dust flying before coming to a halt.” Halling’s first thought was: “OK, we survived. The helicopter isn’t on fire and we survived. But they’re coming. It’s only a matter of time before they come.” He had seen the angry, armed mobs from the air and knew they were out for blood, which he was losing at an alarming rate from his severed leg. So as the helicopter’s crew scrambled to find the medical kit and something to use as a tourniquet, he was calling out for someone to get him his rifle. Fortunately, for Halling and the crew, the helicopter had crashed near the United Nations base and away from the epicenter of the battle, and so U.N. forces were able to secure the area and call in the medevac helicopter. Halling was brought to a M.A.S.H. unit, where his left leg was amputated above the knee. He had made it out. He had survived. When he awoke from surgery, the fight was still going on. He would learn later that 18 soldiers died in the battle, including both Gordon and Shughart. “So, I did, I made it out. There was a hard piece in that initially—something that I probably don’t talk about very much—the survivor’s guilt,” Halling says, pausing again, emotion thick in his voice. “Even though I couldn’t control that situation and it was only by luck or bad luck that I ended up on that mini gun, I lived and my two teammates didn’t. So I told myself I’ve got to make a choice. Make good of it or not.” There’s the twist, the dichotomy of the survivor’s mind as thoughts slip between relief and guilt. Recovery becomes not only for yourself, but for the friends who will never have the chance to recover. And through it all, the battle continues within, always represented by one nagging, pain-in-theass question: Why me? The simple question that’s simply impossible to answer.
A State of Mind It was Buddy who gave Halling his one moment of self-pity, the one moment of thinking he would be defined by his injury. “It’s the craziest thing and to this day I still don’t know why it affected me so much,” Halling says with a wry smile. “I had a dog and when I came back from the hospital, the dog, which was a wonderful springer spaniel named Buddy, nicest dog, best dog, that dog would not accept me. He would growl and was mean and mad and it was a weird deal and it really affected me because before that I was motivated. I was like, OK, I’m going to go get my prosthetic leg, and make good, but then I come home and that dog kind of just spooked me. Just took me from this climb to this drop. It was weird how a relationship with a pet could do that.” Buddy eventually accepted Halling, but it was somewhat of a precursor to the challenges that lay ahead, and fortified his determination “to make good,” to find meaning in his survival.
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At Walter Reed Medical Center, the prosthetist helping to fit him with his first prosthetic leg was the first obstacle to overcome. “I was there two weeks and I was really struggling,” says Halling. “Everything he said was negative. ‘Son, you’re not going to swim. You don’t need to swim. Son, you don’t need that foot because you’re not going to want to run. You need to think about getting out, taking what the Army gives you and finding something that you can do, because running and swimming are not part of the formula.’ All of which probably made me fight a little bit harder.” Part of the challenge was the technology of prosthetics at the time. Carbon fiber, with its increased range of mobility, was still a new, expensive technology for prosthetics in the early ’90s, and the Army was still fitting amputees with the old “rubber and plastic” prosthetics that severely limited mobility. Halling’s vision of life as an amputee had nothing to do with limitations, and that meant getting the best leg he could. Enter Ross Perot, the millionaire businessman and presidential candidate in 1992 and 1996, who is a strong supporter of wounded veterans, particularly amputees and the military’s prosthetic program. Prior to going to Walter Reed, Perot had offered Halling the latest carbon fiber prosthetic but Halling declined, wanting to go through proper Army channels. But after fighting with Walter Reed and realizing he wouldn’t be receiving the prosthetics he wanted, Halling was ready to take Perot up on his offer. But even the possibility of Halling going to Perot caused a complete turnaround at Walter Reed. Suddenly, Halling could get whatever leg he wanted, and soon after he was fitted for a leg, he was back at Fort Bragg ready to push the limits. “I started running on the thing, training, working out,” he says. “I had guys wanting me to go to the climbing wall, just trying to do all this stuff. And for me, it was actually an exciting time because everything I was doing was a new challenge, figuring out how to do it. And I was starting to get pretty good, but I was bleeding every day. I bled in my socket for a year.” Indeed, at the end of each day, Halling would remove his leg, empty out the blood, clean the socket and put it back on. It became a painful daily ritual, but just another day at the office in special-ops. He didn’t know any better and accepted 24 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
it as a consequence of his injury. It wasn’t until a year later, when he was attending a sports clinic, that he ran into Mike Joyce, a prosthetist from Advanced Prosthetics in Long Island, New York, who saw him walking and asked what was wrong. When Halling told him he was bleeding, Joyce couldn’t mask his shock. “‘You’re bleeding!’ he said. He couldn’t believe it. But I didn’t know any different; I thought every amputee bled. So he took a heat gun, reformed the plastic and two days later I couldn’t believe the difference.” It was like having run a marathon in shoes two sizes too small every day and then suddenly being offered a pair custommolded for your feet: Cloud nine, and Halling came away with a crucial lesson learned. “At the end of the day, for all amputees, regardless of what level, what makes you successful is a good fit. You can have a $10,000 foot, but if the fit is bad you can’t wear it.” Halling would eventually get his second leg from Advanced Prosthetics, and it ended up inspiring him to become a prosthetist himself, and interning at the same company, helping other amputees find the perfect fit for their new artificial limb. But before that, he had to face another major obstacle.
Once a soldier, always a soldier After being fitted for his leg at Walter Reed, they started talking to him about going before the medical board and receiving his medical discharge from the military, a process that usually took place within six months after rehabilitation. Prior to Halling’s injury, “it was just a hard, fast rule” that above-knee amputees were automatically given a medical discharge. “I said, ‘I’m not getting out.’ They said, ‘No, you have to get out. You’re an above-knee amputee.’ And I said, ‘Who says? I don’t know who’s deciding for me but I’m telling you I’m not getting out.’” Halling would dodge the medical board for three years. He simply avoided the physicians at Fort Bragg and went back to work. Finally, his commander told him he had to go through the process, but Halling still wanted to fight the discharge. He believed he could function in the Army with an above-knee amputation, and proved it by passing the physical fitness test. The medical board met, however, and deemed him “unfit,” a label that didn’t sit well. “I just told them, there has to be
Skiing photo courtesy of Brad Halling / Halling potraits by Amanda Jakl
another means. And they said you have 10 days to appeal the decision, but there might be a way under a program called ‘Continuation on Active Duty.’” It was a stretch because Continuation on Active Duty was really created for people who can benefit the Army but don’t need to meet the physical requirements, such as nuclear physicists working in a laboratory. But they figured it out. They justified it by citing the time and money put toward his extensive training as a special-operations soldier and sent the approval papers up the chain of command to be signed, but then the bureaucratic cog stopped it in its tracks. Apparently, another above-knee amputee was allowed to re-enlist without proper authorization and so someone in “high command” put a stop to Halling’s request. Halling, of course, wasn’t going to take this decision lying down, so he asked who he needed to talk to get this pushed through and was told, rather facetiously, the Secretary of Defense. “So I said, ‘What if I get an endorsement from the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs?’ They said, ‘Well, good luck with that.’” Halling wasn’t grasping at straws—well, maybe just a little. When Halling was recovering from his injury in Germany, Gen. John Shalikashvili, the U.S. Commander in Europe, visited Halling and told him if he ever needed anything, to let him know—a comment probably made to every soldier he met in the hospital that day. Halling took him at his word. Fast forward several years, and Shalikashvili was now the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the highest ranking military officer in the U.S. Armed Forces. Halling made a call. “It was a real struggle,” Halling remembers with a laugh. “Shalikashvili’s staff didn’t want some E-8 calling up the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs and start making requests. This one lieutenant colonel was like, ‘Who is this? Where are you calling from? I don’t think you understand how this works.’”
Persistence paid off, and finally, with some help from his commanding officer at Fort Bragg, Halling persuaded Shalikashvili’s staff to put the call through. And Shalikashvili, good to his word, gave his endorsement to Halling. Halling’s efforts ended up changing the Army’s policy and, today, all above-knee amputees are allowed to apply for Continuation on Active Duty and remain in the service if they want. “I was very happy to see the Army change their policy,” says Halling. “It angered me when I was told, after 13 years of service and a loss due to combat, that the Army does not keep above-knee amputees. It seemed to me that someone who loses a limb while serving in the Armed Forces (especially when lost in combat) should at least have a choice.” It’s safe to say Halling has lived up to his promise of “making good.” After 20 years of service, he went on to become a prosthetist, returned to serve with Special Operations as a contract trainer after 9/ 11 and still mentors wounded vet amputees returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. From riding a motorcycle to sky-diving to running marathons to earning his pilot’s license, he’s never once let his injury limit his drive. Halling says he feels blessed and thankful to those that have impacted his life and, as a way to pay it forward, he is working to establish a charitable organization called Eagle Down Memorial Fund. The charity will support veterans’ causes, like hosting commemorations and establishing a small scholarship program for veterans and their families, providing emergency assistance to veterans and advocating on behalf of veterans’ interests. Anyone interested in this initiative, contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Toward the end of the interview, as he shows the different legs he’s had over the years, from his first hydraulic leg, to the popular microprocessor versions most often used today, to the bionic leg of the future, he’s asked if there’s anything he hasn’t been able to do. After a long period of silence, he answers, “No. There’s a way to do anything you want. It probably won’t be as efficient, but there’s a way to do it.”
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“There’s a freedom waiting for you on the breezes of the sky, and you ask, ‘What if I fall?’ Oh, but what if you fly?”
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TOTAL FLIGHT SOLUTIONS
Story by GREG GIRARD / Photos by AMANDA JAKL
Ah, the daily commute. Each day is an unknown adventure into the quagmire of traffic. Maybe there’s an accident somewhere up ahead or maybe a cop pulled over a speeder, causing your fellow drivers to overreact, or maybe it’s just one of those habitual brakers you find yourself stuck behind for miles. Whatever the cause, your half-hour commute becomes an hour or more. It’s enough to make you look up to the heavens in frustration. When you do, however, you may just see Phil Greene or Al Mattress making that same commute, but with an entirely different result. “I keep quotes in my phone, and this one is from Leonardo da Vinci: ‘When once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward, for there you will always long to return.’ It’s just an escape from the confines and boundaries of Earth, and when you’re up there, you have the freedom of the whole world,” says Greene. Greene and Mattress are owners of Total Flight Solutions, with locations in Louisburg and Pinehurst. They to get the private license to take the opened the location in Pinehurst in 2017, offering private family on trips, we’ll then develop and commercial flying lessons on airplanes and helicopters. a training path. It’s not a strictly Both have decades of experience in flying and have a mission structured thing. It can be at your to share that joy with as many people as they can. Oh, and leisure. We have an online booking their commute from Louisburg, more than 100 miles north of system, where you can schedule a Pinehurst, averages around 45 minutes. lesson time, plane and instructor. And What flying license you receive depends on your goals. You I’d say the average private pilot license can get a sport or recreational license that allows you to fly course takes about six months.” but with restrictions, like only flying during the day in good The Federal Aviation Administration weather, only flying certain planes, flying with a limited number (FAA) has strict criteria to earn a of passengers or restricting the distance you can fly. “Those are license, from a certain number of the weekend warriors, as we call them,” says Mattress. “They flight hours and landings—with just want to get up there and fly for a couple of hours.” an instructor and without—to If you want to fly your family to the mountains for the instructions on procedures and specific day or make a quick business trip to Savannah with comaneuvers while in the air. workers, then you’ll want to add additional training hours in “And then,” adds Mattress with a order to earn your private pilot license. Then there are more smile, “you can come back here, lease instructional hours to fly in different types of weather or cloud an aircraft from us, fly from here to cover, using only the plane’s instruments to guide you. Myrtle Beach in 40 minutes, have “To start, you’ll come in and we’ll talk to you about what lunch and fly back.” your goals are,” says Greene. “And if it’s just to fly for fun or
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TOTAL FLIGHT SOLUTIONS REQUIREMENTS FOR A PRIVATE AIRPLANE & HELICOPTER PILOT LICENSES • Obtain an FAA 3rd class Medical Certificate • Obtain an FAA Student Pilot Certificate • Pass the FAA Written Knowledge Test • Pass the FAA Practical Test • Minimum 40 hours of flight time including a minimum 10 hours solo
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Beyond that, you can continue lessons to become a certified trainer or a commercial pilot. In fact, the U.S. airline industry is facing a serious shortage of pilots. According to the FAA, there were 827,000 pilots in the U.S. in 1987, and that number has decreased by 30 percent since, while during that same period, the demand for air travel has increased. There have been several causing for the shortage—airline bankruptcies after 9/11, airlines lowering pay for pilots and schedules that don’t offer much quality of life—but the industry has begun a gradual shift to fix those problems. A commercial license can take up to a year to earn but can often be earned sooner, depending on the time you commit. Past students of Greene and Mattress fly commercial planes, network news helicopters and blimps (they received a text just this past December from a former student who was flying a blimp over the Orange Bowl). Between the two locations, Total Flight Solutions has 18 instructors and 18 aircrafts (10 planes and 8 helicopters). They also do commercial work, from drying athletic fields with helicopters to charity golf ball drops (the helicopter hovers over the hole and drops marked golf balls. Whoever has their ball land in the hole wins a prize) to gender reveal parties, where they fly over the party and release blue or pink smoke. The company also partners with Sandhills Community College’s Aviation program for students working toward an associate’s degree in aviation. “It’s a very rewarding hobby because you get up there and go to places you wouldn’t normally go to,” says Greene. “You see sights that you wouldn’t normally see, like full-circle rainbows
30 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
or seeing a blood moon rising on one side and the setting sun on the other at the same time. And you get a great sense of accomplishment when you come in and make a really nice landing.” “There’s nothing like watching the sun come up or the vastness when you reach the ocean. Where you can actually see the curvature of the Earth at certain heights. To watch the sun come up over such an area is truly memorable. I don’t think I’ve ever had a bad flight, even in bad weather,” Mattress adds. Students’ ages range from the late teens to the 70s, so if you’ve ever wondered what it’s like to fly, give it a shot. Total Flight Solutions has introductory flights for either airplane or helicopter for under $200. The sky’s the limit.
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Gumbo By KAREN CAULFIELD, MooreEats.com
As we approach Mardi Gras, thoughts turn to all things Louisianan. The official cuisine of the state of Louisiana is gumbo. On Mardi Gras in Southern Louisiana, men go from house to house begging for gumbo ingredients. The community gathers while the men cook the gumbo, and once it is ready they eat and dance until midnight. That’s what gumbo is all about— feeding a crowd and laissez le bon temps rouler. There are as many types of gumbos as there are chefs, but they fall into two main categories: those with okra and those with filé, which is dried and ground leaves from the sassafras tree. Otherwise, gumbo can contain any number of ingredients ranging from shrimp, oysters and crab to ham, duck, chicken and turkey. All gumbos are served over rice. The central ingredient of gumbo is roux. Roux is a cooked mixture of flour and fat. For gumbo, the fat is oil or bacon fat. This is more than just a thickener; it adds a distinctive flavor. Gumbo roux differs from classic French roux in the darkness of the roux and the type of fat used. For gumbo, the color should range from peanut butter for seafood to mahogany for other meats. Roux can be purchased from specialty online groceries or made from scratch. I have also seen (but not tried) recipes using ovenbrowned flour mixed with hot water or broth in replacement of the roux. Other must haves for gumbo are filé powder or okra. Some recipes call for both. Filé powder can be sprinkled on the gumbo at the end or served at the table. It is used as a thickener and also adds a distinctive earthy flavor. Okra is an edible seed pod from a plant related to hibiscus. The characteristic slime, which deters some people, is packed with fiber. This aids in thickening the gumbo. The history of gumbo is unclear. It is a blend of French, Spanish, German, African and Choctaw cuisines—a literal culinary melting pot. The name is thought to either derive from the West African word for okra, ki ngombo, or the Choctaw word for filé, kombo. There is a lot of debate about whether the kombo connection is an attempt to downplay
Chicken & Shrimp Gumbo africanbites.com, Serves 10 INGREDIENTS
1/4 cup canola oil 8 ounces smoked sausage 2 pounds chicken skinless chicken thigh 1/2 cup flour 1/4 cup unsalted butter 1 medium green bell pepper diced 1 medium onion diced 1 cup chopped celery (about 3 sticks) 2 teaspoons minced garlic 1 14 ounces can tomatoes, chopped 1/2 pound crab legs
1 tablespoon Creole seasoning. 1/2 tablespoon smoked paprika 1 tablespoon chicken bouillon powder or 1 cube 1 tablespoon thyme fresh or dried 2 bay leaves 6 cups chicken stock or can substitute with water 1 pound shrimp, peeled and deveined 1/4 cup chopped parsley 2 green onions chopped 1 tablespoon gumbo filé 10 cups cooked rice
1. Lightly season the chicken with salt and pepper. Heat the oil over medium heat in a heavy-bottomed Dutch oven the chicken until browned on both sides and remove. Add the sausage and cook until browned, and then remove. Set aside. 2. In a large Dutch oven or heavy bottomed saucepan combine melted butter, oil and flour, stirring until smooth. 3. Cook on medium heat, stirring continuously, for about 20-30 minutes or until it turns a rich dark brown color—just like chocolate. Don’t walk away from the stove during this process; it might burn. 4. When you have achieved your desired color, remove from stove and let cool. 5. Put the Dutch oven back on the stove. Add the onion, garlic, green pepper and celery and cook for 8-10 minutes, stirring frequently. 6. Then add chicken, sausage, crab legs, creole seasoning, chicken bouillon or cubes, paprika, thyme, bay leaves and let cook for 5 minutes. Follow with canned tomatoes and about 6 cups of chicken stock, and bring to a boil. Let simmer for about 45-50 minutes. Add the shrimp, simmer for 5 more minutes. 7. Stir in filé powder, green onions and chopped parsley. 8. Adjust thickness of soup and flavor with broth or water and salt.
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the contribution African-Americans made to what is now viewed as Southern cuisine. However, we are talking about Creoles, which by definition are people of mixed European and African descent, and Cajuns, who are descendants of French Canadians, and my view is that it is definitely a collaboration of cultures. The first documented mention of gumbo is it being served at a New Orleans gubernatorial reception in 1803.
Alma Glapion's Gumbo Z'Herbes nola.com, Serves 8-10 According to tradition, Creole families serve this dish on Holy Thursday in New Orleans. The Nine Greens represent the nine churches visited on Good Friday in remembrance of Jesus' walk to be crucified. INGREDIENTS
1 pound pickle meat (pickled pork) 1 pound pork tails (or pork rib tips if you prefer) Black pepper
1 bunch kale 1/2 head cabbage 1 bunch beet tops 1 bunch green onions
Nine Greens: 1 bunch spinach 1 bunch mustard 1 bunch turnip greens (not bottoms) 1 bunch collards 1 bunch Swiss chard
Small amount of oil for sauté 1 large or 2 small onions, chopped 6 to 8 cloves garlic, minced 1 beef or chicken bouillon cube (add cube to the "soup" once it's all together and cooking)
Boil pickle meat and tails/tips in enough water to cover, sprinkled with black pepper. Do not add salt; the meat will be salty enough. Boil meat till tender. Reserve the water to salt the greens.
Chicken-Andouille Gumbo Southern Living (1998), Makes 4 1/2 quarts INGREDIENTS
1 1/2 gallons water 1 (4-pound) chicken, cut up 5 bay leaves 5 parsley sprigs 3 whole garlic cloves 1 pound andouille or smoked sausage, diced 2 med. onions, chopped 1 large green bell pepper, chopped 1 large celery rib, chopped 3 tablespoons minced garlic
4 chicken bouillon cubes 1 1/4 cup vegetable oil 1 1/2 cup all-purpose flour 1 tablespoon salt 1 teaspoon ground red pepper 1 teaspoon ground black pepper 1 bunch of green onions, chopped 1/2 cup chopped fresh parsley 1/2 teaspoon filé powder Hot cooked rice
Bring the first 5 ingredients to a boil in a large stockpot; cover, reduce heat, and simmer 1 hour. Remove chicken, reserving broth. Skin, bone and coarsely chop chicken; set aside. Pour broth through a wire mesh strainer into a large bowl, discarding solids. Measure 1 gallon of broth, and return to stockpot. Add sausage and next 5 ingredients; simmer, stirring occasionally for 1 hour. Heat oil in a heavy skillet over medium heat; gradually whisk in flour and cook, whisking constantly, until flour is a dark caramel color (about 20 minutes). Stir into sausage mixture, and simmer, stirring occasionally for 1 hour. Stir in chicken, salt, red and black pepper; simmer, stirring occasionally for 45 minutes. Skim off fat. Stir in green onions and parsley; simmer, stirring occasionally, for 10 minutes. Remove from heat, and stir in filé powder. Serve over hot cooked rice and serve with hot sauce, if desired. 34 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Wash all the greens well and then chop them into fine pieces. Place in a large Dutch oven with a cup of water (not from the meat) to start greens to cook on medium fire. Cover pot. Add more water as needed; the desired consistence of the greens is "soupy" but not enough water for it to be soup. Sauté onions and garlic to a glaze; add to greens and continue to cook while meat is boiling (lower burner or add water as needed). When meat is tender, add to greens and cook on low for 45 minutes to 1 hour. Pepper to taste. One cooking spoon at a time, add the salty reserved water from the meat to the greens. If more salt is needed, add more reserved water or salt to taste. Serve over rice with pork chops or fried chicken.
Boudreaux is on his deathbed and his daughter comes to visit him for the last time. "Daddy, what can I do for you?" "May, what you Mama doing?" The daughter said, “She in the kitchen making a big pot of gumbo!” Boudreaux managed to say, “Go get me a bowl of gumbo, Hun.” The daughter leaves and comes back and says, “Mama says the gumbo is for after the funeral.”
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So What Is a Saison? BY JASON DICKINSON, CERTIFIED CICERONE®
use customer interactions to drive the topic for each article I write. The saison always generates an inordinate amount of consumer intrigue. Common questions include: “What is a saison?” “Are saisons and farmhouse ales the same thing?” and “Do you have a typical saison that I can try?” In addition to the common questions, there is also an underlying consumer sentiment from a growing population of people who have tried a saison. A common refrain is often, “I’ve had a saison before and I didn’t like it.” It is clear to me that we in the beer industry need to explain more this often-misunderstood style. When people ask me what my favorite style of beer is, I get quizzical looks when I emphatically say, “Saison!” Saison is the French word for season. This style of beer originated in the French-speaking area of Belgium known as Wallonia. The beer was named season because it was consumed by migrant farm hands during the harvest season. The beer was typically brewed during the winter months to take advantage of the cooler temperatures and the lack of work needed on the farm. An additional benefit was the spent grain, which provided a good source of food for livestock. Because saisons were seasonally brewed, it meant there was little consistency of the final product year to year. There were no traditional breweries during this period, so saisons were brewed at farmhouses. Therefore, the term “farmhouse ales” is often synonymous with the saison style. Let’s perform an exercise in frustration and try to define the saison style. The Beer Judge Certification Program 2015 style guidelines is the best place to start. The style has one of the widest ranges for color and alcohol by volume (ABV). The color ranges from pale gold to dark brown. The ABV can range from 3.5 percent (lighter than Bud Light) to 9.5 percent (a full percentage higher than Southern Pines Brewing Company’s Texas Rig Double IPA). A saison can be balanced by either bittering hops or sourness, although the acidity should be refreshing and not puckering. Lower alcohol versions will be extremely dry and have a noticeable bitterness like a pale ale. Higher alcohol and darker versions will showcase more malt flavor
36 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
than hoppy bitterness. Many saisons are bottle-conditioned, meaning they are packaged with live yeast, which continue to create carbon dioxide as the bottle ages. If you see a saison that has a cork similar to a bottle of Champagne, expect a high volume of CO2 in the beer. Now that you know this style has a wide lane to be in, it is important to understand there is one unifying characteristic of all saisons: the yeast. All saisons should impart a noticeable aroma characteristic that is derived from saison yeast. Because saisons ferment at a higher temperature than typical ales, the yeast will create a noticeably spicy character. This is most often in the form of a fresh, cracked black pepper aroma. All saisons should be yeast-forward, meaning the primary flavor and aroma characteristics are derived from byproducts created by the yeast during active fermentation. Since a saison can be low to high in alcohol, light to dark in color and bitter or sour in balance, you can now see the error in having the opinion, “I’ve had a saison before and I didn’t like it.” If the first saison you ever tried was sour, you would logically think that all saisons are sour. This is the difficulty in having a wide definition for a beer style. It puts a large burden on the brewers and servers to explain what their specific saison tastes like. At Triangle Wine, I dedicated two draught spots on the menu to saisons for a minimum of one year. The idea is to have one saison from a Belgian producer and one from an American brewery side by side, so that we can better showcase the style and field questions. So now that we’ve established that saison can mean many different things and to not expect commonality from beer to beer, there is one commercial example that most beer professionals will agree is the quintessential saison: Saison Dupont. This beer is almost exactly in the middle of all the style ranges and perfectly showcases the Belgian saison yeast characteristics that somewhat define the style. When people ask me what a saison is, I tell them, “It’s many things to many people, but if you are ready to go down this road, start here with a Saison Dupont.”
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HUmans of Moore County
For a long time I was sort of chasing the gig. I wanted the best gig or the biggest stage or the biggest audience. Now, I'm chasing a different end game. I'm chasing the best song I can possibly write or the best fit for an artist that I can pitch to. I'm not approaching as many venues and trying to get booked for live gigs. I'm now chasing co-writers and finding people who wanna sit down and write and collaborate, and artists who might be interested in recording my songs. I am nervous about sitting in a co-writing session with a bunch of seasoned writers, and being the newbie, and making mistakes. I can be pretty shy and nervous and introverted. It's easy when I'm in a room by myself to write everything and edit it until I'm really ready to present it to the world. It's hard to be vulnerable in front of a room full of strangers and be critical of what you say and be able to edit it in front of other people. So, I'm intimidated by that, but at the same time, it's like anything new. It's exciting and intimidating and scary and thrilling, all at once.
My biggest advice is if you have a good idea and you feel like you can do it, go for it. Don't be afraid. Now that I've gotten a taste of being my own boss I could never give up the flexibility. I guess I've gotten spoiled, but I just love what I do. I've just always been a very self-motivated person, ever since I was a little girl. I wake up in the morning and think about what I have to do for the day and I write it down, and I do it. I love to make lists. And I'm very obsessed with crossing the things off my list. I get a lot of satisfaction out of that. It's like a little list of accomplishments.
38 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve worked for myself for 17 years. It gave me flexibility in my scheduling, which I thought allowed me some personal freedom. Some aspects were more challenging. I had to do it all. I had to market myself as well as be good at my craft, and the bookkeeping and the business plan and remaining visible even though I was in the studio working. What I find very beneficial is not only having a mentor of your own, but mentoring others. I think it's really important to always seek out others that you can pass this information along to because then you're not doing this alone and you can delegate and you can do teamwork. You know, fresh ideas. Share and find more balance in your life. Then be prepared to pass the torch when that day comes if you're still evolving, perhaps even in another direction.
May 18, 2019 10 am - 4 pm
Not Your Average Vendor Festival in the Streets of Downtown Aberdeen
Calling All Vendors! Accepting Vendor Applications Through April 15th Visit https://www.downtownaberdeen.net/events for more info.
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Live Music Events Aberdeen
The Roosterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Wife 114 N Knight St.
Friday, Feb. 1, 6:46 p.m., member/$10; nonmember/$15 Freddy and Francine Sunday, Feb. 10, 6:46 p.m., member/$15; nonmember/$20 The Contenders Wednesday, Feb. 13, 6:46 p.m., member/free; nonmember/$5 Open Mic with The Parsons Thursday, Feb. 14, 6:46 p.m., member/$15; nonmember/$20 Seth Walker Sunday, Feb. 17, 6:46 p.m., member/$15; nonmember/$20 The Kennedys Thursday, Feb. 21, 7:46 p.m., member/$69; nonmember/$74 Asleep at the Wheel String Band Saturday, Feb. 23, 6:46 p.m., member/$30; nonmember/$35 John Cowan with Darin and Brooke Aldridge Sunday, Feb. 24, 6:46 p.m., member/$10; nonmember/$15 Aaron Burdett Sunday, March 3, 6:46 p.m., member/$10; nonmember/$15 Kaia Kater Friday, March 8, 6:46 p.m., tickets TBD Mark Stuart and David Jacobs-Strain Sunday, March 10, 6:46 p.m., member/$10; nonmember/$15 Bruce Molsky's Mountain Drifters Sunday, March 17, 6:46 p.m., tickets TBD James Maddock Friday, March 22, 6:46 p.m., member/$10; nonmember/$15 Fireside Collective Sunday, March 31, 6:46 p.m., tickets TBD New Reveille
40 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Pinehurst Duganâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Pub
2 Market Square
Friday, Feb. 1, 9:00 p.m., Free Juke Box Weekend Friday, Feb. 8, 9:00 p.m., Free THEM Saturday, Feb. 9, 9:00 p.m., Free THEM Saturday, Feb. 16, 9:00 p.m., Free Acoustic on the Rocks Friday, Feb. 22, 9:00 p.m., Free August Burning
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Saturday, Feb. 16, 10:00 p.m., Free Siren
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Friday, March 1, 9:00 p.m., Free Dark Horse
Live music every Friday and Saturday, 9:00 p.m. - 12:00 a.m.
Saturday, March 2, 9:00 p.m., Free Dark Horse Friday, March 22, 9:00 p.m., Free Acoustic on the Rocks
Live music every Wednesday and Thursday, 8:00 p.m. - 11:00 p.m.
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Every Tuesday, 6:00 p.m., Free Live bluegrass, country and gospel music Dates and times subject to change. Check directly with event organizers before making plans.
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Story and photographs by PATTI RANCK, Indigo Earth Events
42 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Corner of the
Hygge: (HU-guh), a feeling of relaxation, comfort and contentment; enjoying life’s simple pleasures.
will bet that in our hectic lives, you’d like a little piece of hygge for yourself. A place to exhale, relax and recharge. My suggestion: Find a corner you’d like to claim as your own, pull up a comfy chair, and let’s build a little piece of cozy just for you. The only coordinating piece of furniture required to finish off this vignette is a little something in which you can put all your Zen mood-enhancing accoutrements. Something budget-friendly, repurposed and simple is in order. Of course, we have just the thing in the form of an upcycled side table.
THE STUFF: • Something for the table base. An old wire laundry basket or, in my case, an extra-large vintage lampshade frame. Be sure to measure for desired height. I researched average end table heights and the consensus was 20 to 30 inches. I guess it could also depend on the size of your chair. My chair sits kind of low and my wire frame plus the wooden top will come to about 16 inches. I’m OK with that. But be sure to take all your measurements before you begin the project so you don’t end up with an awkward, unusable table. • A wooden round (or square) for the top. Try to get one at least 3 to 4 inches wider than your base. You can purchase these pre-made rounds at most home/hardware stores. I got mine from my “Mary Poppins” storage closet. I always keep a few on hand to use as cake bases. Depending on the size, they range between $11.99-$16.99. Or if you like a more rustic look, you could use a log slice if you can get one wide enough. These are available at many craft stores. A large cutting board could also work but you should just give the surface a light sanding first. How about a pre-loved wooden serving tray? You could even cut your own top if you have spare wood and are handy with a saw.
• At least three (3) metal straps. I used the 1/2inch size, but you may need larger depending on the thickness of the wire in your base. I found them in the aisle with the electric cables and whatnot. Only $1.18 for the pack of 5. FYI, these dang little buggers do NOT come with screws, so, yeah … add screws to the supply list. • Screws. The length of these will depend on the thickness of your wood, of course. • Drill. Be sure to have the proper size drill bit for the screws you are using. • Ruler and pencil • Paint and/ or stain (low VOC, please!), rags and paint brushes • Something to protect your work space. Doesn’t have to be fancy or a real drop cloth. I used an old shower curtain liner.
www.SandandPineMag.com | 43
DIY The Doing: 1. I started by ripping the old lampshade fabric remnants off the metal frame. It came off pretty cleanly, so thankfully, there was no need to sand off any old dried glue. But you can simply wipe yours clean if needed. The paint will adhere better to a clean surface.
6. Measure and mark with your ruler and pencil in several spots around the base to be sure you have it centered evenly. Also mark 3 quasi-equal distances around the wood circle where you will screw in the fastener straps over the wire to hold the top in place. You don’t have to get all geometry here, just eyeball it … no one is going to check for perfection and it will be sturdy. 7. Then, lining up the frame with your pencil marks to be sure the base is positioned correctly, go ahead and place the straps over the wire frame and attach to the underside of the wood circle using the drill and screws. Return to its upright position.
2. Paint the frame. I used copper because I’m #copperobsessed. But feel free to choose your favorite color. Any craft paint will do. Note: For this type of job, many people use aerosol spray paint, but I have a strong aversion to spray painting as it is evil to the atmosphere. Call me quirky, but I appreciate the ozone layer! 3. I stained the wooden top, using a water-based stain that is supposed to be lower in VOCs (we can only hope). Brush the stain on and quickly use a rag to wipe it off to allow the wood grain to show through. Obviously, if you don’t prefer this look, you can paint the tabletop instead. White is always pretty and a classic look. Or you can do a faux marble effect, use a stencil design or even decoupage. You can keep it super minimal and simply clear coat it (which is probably more in keeping with the whole hygge thing anyway. Do what you feel is right to really make it have a bit of your own personality). 4. A second coat of paint is most likely needed. Be sure the first application is completely dry or instead of putting on a second layer, it will stick to the brush and begin to lift off the first coat of paint and then you’ll have kind of a lumpy mess. No one wants that. 5. When all is dry, you can begin the next step. Flip the wooden top over and then flip the wire base over on top of that so that the whole table is upside down.
44 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Guess who’s done with the project! Woooo! Even the DIY was so easy it was kind of hygge just making it! Set your new table in the corner, grab your favorite book, a soft throw, a hot cuppa and light a candle or some Palo Santo—whatever gives you that warm fuzzy feeling—and get your hygge on!
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www.SandandPineMag.com | 45
Place numbers into the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains each of the digits 1 to 9. No guessing is needed. EASY
Across 1. Raincoat 4. Inspires dread 8. Swab 11. The self 12. King mackerel 13. Sulk 14. Donkeys 15. Grandmothers 17. Sum 18. Male professional escort 19. Pants 22. Tilt again 23. Gaiter 24. Indian queen 25. Limb 28. The sun 29. Cleft in two 30. Land measure 31. An explosive 32. Italian wine province 33. Indigo 34. Relaxes 36. Lose blood 37. Stress
39. Apex 40. Dens 41. North American Indian 45. Sea eagle 46. Breakwater 47. Biblical high priest 48. Flu (colloq) 49. Looked over 50. Information Down 1. Soldiers 2. Mature 3. Food fish 4. Etching fluids 5. Unwanted plant 6. Bitter vetch 7. Therefore 8. Airplane with one set of wings 9. Iridescent gem 10. Mexican currency 13. The three wise men 15. Foolish 16. Lustrous
18. Arab sprites 19. Surreptitious, attention getting sound 20. On top of 21. Halting 22. Floating platforms 24. Ascended 26. A Great Lake 27. Desex a horse 29. Principle 33. Peaks 35. River in central Switzerland 36. Portended 37. Swing to the side 38. Polynesian root food 39. Prefix, distant 41. -Rene. Mo 42. Beer barrel 43. Island (France) 44. A fool 46. Objective case of I
SPRING ABILITIES Ladderword puzzles are like crosswords but with a twist. The words in the middle column are anagrams of the words of the first column. The words in the last column are anagrams of the middle column plus one additional letter. The anchor words (the down clues) are related by a common theme. Across 1. Italian currency 3. Aviator 5. Steal 6. Urn 7. Valleys 8. Quantities of bread 9. Allows 10. Fur wrap 11. Drying cloths
12. Bargain event Down 13. Part of Great 2. A bloom Britain 4. Forces 14. Stoat 15. Halt 16. Mine excavation 17. Placard 18. Decades 19. Sea birds 20. Rears of ships
46 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
Puzzle answers found on SandandPineMag.com
F o r t h e lo ve o f co f f e e . . . Purchase a pound of coffee and receive a free coffee*!
*Up to 16 ounces. Offer expires Feb. 28 , 2019. Coupon must accompany order. One per customer.
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Last Word Quiz noun; verb / |kwiz| MEANING: noun—a test of knowledge, especially a brief, informal test given to students; verb—ask someone questions.
Legend has it the word “quiz” came about from a bet. In 1791, Richard Daly,
manager of the Theatre Royal in Dublin, bet some friends that he could make up a nonsense word and have it spoken throughout Dublin within 48 hours. As it was noted in the book Gleanings and Reminiscences by Frank Thorpe Porter in 1875, Daly said, “…I shall bet you twenty guineas … that within forty-eight hours there shall be a word in the mouths of the Dublin public, of all classes and sexes, young and old; and also that within a week, the same public shall attach a definite and generally adopted meaning to that word, without any suggestion or explanation from me. I also undertake that my word shall be altogether new and unconnected with any derivation from another language, ancient or modern.” That night, Daly instructed his theater staff (or “street urchins,” depending on the source) to spread out across the city and write the word in chalk on walls, doors and windows. The next morning, the people of Dublin woke up to this “quiz” graffiti and it was all they could talk about. Daly won the bet and the word quickly came into use, as The New York Mirror newspaper in 1835 explained, “The circumstance of so strange a word being on every door and window, caused much surprise; and ever since should a strange story be attempted to be passed current, it draws forth the expression ‘You are quizzing me.’” Unfortunately, the uniqueness of this origin story doesn’t hold up to history. The story of Daly and his audacious bet could never be clearly attributed and it is suspected it was made up by a newspaper editor to fill the page and was subsequently picked up by other publications, perpetuating the myth. In fact, proof of the word “quiz” being used prior to 1791 has been found, although its meaning has evolved over the centuries. In a 1783 London Magazine article, quiz was defined as signifying “one who thinks, speaks, or acts differently from the rest of the world in general. But, as manners and opinions are as various as mankind, it will be difficult to say who shall be termed a Quiz, and who shall not.” Just 11 years later, in 1794, an article in Sporting Magazine had an altogether different definition, defining quiz as someone who is pedantic, too formal or a nitpicker. The article notes: “To avoid the stigma of being a Quiz, young men who have but moderate allowances plunge into expenses, which make them for many years after miserable. In short, not to be extremely dissipated and extravagant is to be a Quiz.” Quiz was also used for the name of a popular toy in the 18th century that was similar to a yo-yo. It wasn’t until the 19th century that the modern definition of the word came into common use. The Oxford English Dictionary suggests quiz is rooted from the word “inquisitive,” which is derived from the Latin inquirire, meaning to inquire. Putting aside the ethical issues of that unknown newspaper editor, we like the story of Richard Daly best.
48 | SAND& PINE MAGAZINE February/March 2019
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THIS ARTWORK CANNOT BE ALTERED, REVISED, RESIZED OR REBUILT BEYOND CHANGING THE AGENT PHOTO OR CONTACT INFO. CONTACT MADGENIUS WITH ANY QUESTIONS AT COOP@MADGENIUSINC.COM