Samuel Bertain firstname.lastname@example.org 707.799.3936
I see design as a means of telling stories that create experiences which have the power to solve problems, improve lives and enhance the connections between ourselves and the world around us.
Sewing machine Re-design
Pushing the boundaries of what a sewing machine could do by re-thinking what a sewing machine is.
“You’ve got to break it to make it” To understand how to design a sewing machine we had to take one apart. Knowing how it works and what each part does was critical to being able to know how to change the machine itself.
Anatomy of sewing machine
What it is A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread.
What it does The sewing machine has greatly improved the efficiency and productivity of the clothing industry. Sewing machines are used to make, mend, or alter anything from fabric to leather goods.
Who uses them Sewing machines are used both domestically by the average person for crafting, making and mending as well as by skilled labor for industrial use for the mass production of soft goods. Increasingly these machines are becoming automated without the need for human control.
What it could be We brainstormed the possibilities of what a sewing machine could do, where it could live and what it could be. Some interesting far - out ideas got me excited about some interesting far - out possibilities.
Areas of interest
Sewing is about materials. How theyâ€™re connected, applied and used to create a product that is typically worn on the body.
What new or future technologies could be incorporated into a machine that could update, improve or create something new?
Could the medical field benefit from the application, connection and creation of fabric materials to improve healthcare or medical device design?
Spray on fabric
Fabrican developed by fashion designer Manel Torres is an aerosol propelled fabric that dries instantly on the body to create custom garments.
Fibers are suspended in a solvent solution then sprayed onto the body. One solvent dries the fibers combined to form a fully connected covering.
The right combinations of fibers and adhesive can be combined and built up to create instant casts for broken bones and wound dressings.
Automation and Imaging
Advances in precision robotics and automated healthcare provide new and more accurate forms of treatment for patients that decrease mistakes and increase productivity.
3D scanning technologies allow for complex, highly detailed models of objects that can be directly imported, shared and viewed across networks.
Highly detailed 3D modeling of human anatomy allows doctors to see things they couldnâ€™t before, making diagnoses and treatment more personal and accurate.
â€œWHat if the quality and efficiency of treating common injuries could be improved through automated technology? â€?
â€œWrist fractures are one of the most common reasons for visiting the ERâ€? Each year in the United States, approximately 300,000 people sustain a wrist fracture, usually as the result of falling The average ER visit takes up to 1.5 hours A majority of wrist fractures do not require surgical intervention
Insights & pain points
“Treatment depends on the types and severity of fracture that has happened” “Not all sprains require ER care. Most can be deferred to urgent care, where doctors are equally equipped to treat patients”
If fracture is non-displaced then ER care can be bypassed Treatment is specific to injury
“We had to wait for what seemed like forever to get my arm fixed. It really hurt.” - Annie, Tough Cookie
Freeing up doctor time speeds up treatment of patients
Form direction Sketching focused on making a medical device that retained a modern, clean aesthetic that still stayed true to the function of the machine itself.
Prototypes and model making Prototypes involved finding the most appropriate way to house the necessary components as well as consider the ergonomics of the human body and how they would comfortably interact with the device. The final model presented many challenges in figuring out how to make not only a large model but how to achieve the desired final look. I learned a lot about how materials came together and the challenges that would potentially be involved in making this thing real.
Final design and function
JetCast is an automated 3D dimensional diagnosis and casting machine that utilizes sprayâ€‰-â€‰on fabric technology to create customized casts for arm fractures. Automation and precision not only creates a more personalized treatment but also frees up doctors to treat more patients with more serious injuries and speed up visits to the ER for non-serious injuries.
Insert broken arm into nacel
3D scan identifies injured areas
Thread jets spray aerosol casting material on arm
Cast is custom tailored to injury and arm size
Remove arm and let cast set to appropriate hardness
outer housing Made of high impact polystyrene that encases major components and is easy to clean
Support halo Gives added structure as well as a more aesthetically pleasing form
Inner engine housing Aircraft grade aluminum houses the tread engine and captures excess casting materials. Easier to sanitize after use
Actuated ball & socket nozzles Spray specifically formulated casting materials in multiple directions to achieve full coverage of arm
Thread engine Rotates in 360째 to fully cover patients arm when being casted
High resolution 3D scanner Scans patients arm for diagnosis to create a custom cast for specific fracture and arm shape
Vented arm rest Arm rest made of high durometer silicone for a comfort and breathability during casting process
Air Kinetic Knee Brace
Designing the future of wearable technologies and how they will improve our lives and our bodies
â€œThe knee is one of the most complicated joints on the human bodyâ€? Knee injuries are extremely common, in the US, and account for 19 million doctor visits per year.* One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprain or tear, especially common amongst athletes. To regain full function of knee, surgery is often required. Initial treatment in combination with long-term maintenance is critical for full knee recovery & movement.
*American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
Treating the injury
70 percent of ACL injuries occur through non-contact movements. 30 percent result from direct contact with another player or object
Surgery is often required for patients who wish to remain highly athletic, have torn cartilage, or are not willing to change their active lifestyle
A large brace is worn to completely restrict movement. Rest, Ice, and elevation are required
Functional brace Rehabilitation focuses on restoring range of motion, protecting surgery, and minimizing muscle atrophy. A custom brace and crutches are utilized for several weeks or longer during activity
Physical therapy Physical therapy is a crucial part of successful ACL surgery.
Insights & Pain points
“Going to physical therapy is the most important part, because they know how to move my knee in the right way” “If I want to walk again, I have to go to physical therapy, and I have to wear my brace. ”
Correct movement is critical The combination of physical therapy and wearing a brace is important for recovery
“There’s a good chance I’m going to have to wear this brace for the rest of my life.”
Knee injuries require long-term maintenance
“You really need it to fit well to work.”
Personal fit is key to a good brace
soft robotics Harvard Research Group developed a bio inspired soft robotic system that inflates a network of embedded chambers in a silicone elastomer shell to actuate movement.
3D printed molds Using our desktop 3D printer we took the initial mould designs and began customizing them to create new designs that could be altered to actuate movement and customize fit.
Pneumatic inflation Using a bike pump we inflated various experimental shapes to find geometries that would shift and conform to different objects and eventually the body.
Advances in soft robotic technologies, micro computing and sensors allow for a new wave of products that can be worn on the body to track, respond and assist in bio - mechanical movement.
Rehabilitative equipment Rehabilitative equipment
Functional knee braces need to be custom made for each person and worn for long periods of time. The wrong fit could increase or prolong damage to the knee.
Physical Rehabilitation Physical therapy re - trains the injured to perform movements correctly and tracks progress of recovery.
â€œWhat if a knee brace could make dynamic adjustments throughout each step?â€?
Form direction Concept development focused on integrating both function and form into an active lifestyle functional brace.
Prototyping and testing We made a lot of stuff. From cardboard mock-ups to heat bent acrylic, to 3D printed models. We searched to find the right fit and shape. Link to process video: http://vimeo.com/89474655
Air kinetic knee brace
Exo frame 3D printed SLS material can be printed with nylons or carbon fibers, allowing high individual parts
Soft Robotic Web Injury specific soft robotic web, embedded with swarm technology
Multi-material Elastomer Padding Multi-material 3D printed bladders integrated into the frame, provide personalized fit and comfort
Pneumatic Flex Sensor Sensors detect muscle movement, which adjust pressure of bladders to provide assisted movement, fit and support
Battery Rechargeable lithium-ion power source
Adjustable strap EVA foam padded nylon strap
Pneumatic Pressure Control
Multi-material 3D Print
Pneumatic air chambers offer personalized pressure, and fit
Flex sensors integrated into a community of cells whose collective behavior selectively promotes flexion
Injury-specific webs provide support spanning the damaged area and aid in stabilization and actuate movement
SLS multi-material 3D printing allows for seamless and integrated transitions between hard and soft materials
Soft Robotic air system
Lateral pneumatic air chambers offer personalized pressure, and fit
Swarm robotic chambers and integrated flex sensors detect movement and adjust to correct movement
Upper and lower padding inflates to give custom fit and comfort
Awards Bill Moggridge award for Interdisciplinary Design sponsored by Techmer PM
RSA US Leadership Award for Product Design
Techmer PM Award for Design Innovation
Skyfarm monitoring drone
San Francisco 2060
Designing tools for the future of urban agriculture in San Francisco in the year 2060
Urban shift GLobal food demand
â€œThe future of global food production will mandate a paradigm shift from traditional practice to resource leveraged and environmentally optimized urban food growing solutions.â€? -The MIT CityFARM project
local food movement
Population rise By 2060 the population will rise from 7 million people to 11.6 million in the Bay Area alone and will rise worldâ€‰-â€‰wide from 7.3 billion to 9.9 billion.
Urban shift By 2060 according to the World Health Organization 70% of the worlds population will live in urban mega cities.
There is a need to shift the way we grow and consume the food we eat
global food demand With the increase in population there will a 70% increase in global food demand.
Local food movement The current trend in locally grown higher quality foods will only increase due to increased affluence from the population shift to urban living.
Climate change Climate change will continue and only get worse. The increase in unpredictable extreme weather conditions will make traditional farming practices evermore difficult.
Current food production Current food production is large scale, resource intensive and environmentally damaging.
Food miles 70,000 tons of CO2 is released into the atmosphere each year from the amount of produce that is imported each year. This is equal to the amount of CO2 that 12,000 cars produce each year.
Case study If all of the avocados that are grown and shipped to SF were grown with in 40 miles of the city it would reduce the shipping carbon foot print by 96%. Currently avocados travel 447 mi, which expels 13.5 kg of CO2 in one day. It could be reduced to 0.4 kg.
â€œFood miles matter, because so much of our food transport is unnecessaryâ€?
San Francisco 2060
San Francisco 2060
future agriculture Future food production Indoor vertical hydroponic agriculture provides a solution to the future of food production. Hydroponics is less resource intensive and can be done in completely controlled environments.
Less is more Hydroponic gardens reduce water consumption by nearly 85% and use 80% less fertilizer than traditional methods of farming. Because itâ€™s done in doors hydroponics can grow any variety of produce despite the growing season.
Local production Vertical hydroponic gardens can be set up in urban population centers on much smaller foot prints of land while still producing comparable per acre yields, requiring less transport and lower production cost.
â€œEnabling cities to be productive centers for locally grown vegetables, herbs, and fruits, might be all that is needed to turn the corner to a more sustainable future.â€?
Insights & pain points
“OFten times growers will be surprised by events that take place in their room because they can’t be there 24/7” “I Have to have the right tools. I’ve tried to automate most of the garden, it makes it easier for me to handle the work” -Niles, local indoor gardener
Consistent monitoring of the garden improves quality and out put Automation eases work load and improves productivity Control is crucial Have the right tools for the job
“The advantage of course is you can control everything inside...as a result you can grow anything you WANT” -Dr. Dickson Despommier, Microbiologist
â€œHow might we design better tools for the future of urban agriculture?â€?
Advances in sensor technology that detect specific plant parameters create opportunities for precise control over the quality and quantity of what is being grown
Drones provide the new ability to monitor and control 24/7, constantly sending data about conditions back to the farmer autonomously
The tools necessary for the future of farming have just now begun to be imagined. This area is ripe for innovation
Food is nothing without people. Provide a way to connect local farms directly with the people they feed
Form direction Inspiration for this design came from maple seed pods and trying to capture the feeling of something futuristic yet approachable. Directional movement, biology and simplicity were guiding characteristics. The design needed to fit comfortably in an indoor hydroponic garden
MOD skyfarm drone
G Final design The final design took inspiration from maple leaf seed pods. The balloon was chosen because of its ability to decrease the power consumption of the propulsion units as well as move around the garden in a more friendly manner. It also reduced noise. The main components are a series of environmental sensors and a high resolution imaging system used for measuring and monitoring garden parameters and environmental conditions that can be used to keep each plant at pristine health as well as alert when each and every piece of vegetation is at max ripeness and ready for picking. Materials and technologies were projected based off of current research and development possibilities.
E F G
A B C D E F G
Nanocomposite polymer balloon Coaxial propeller Outer housing Sensors, CPU, fuel cell Lens housing Compound eye camera lens Transparent ceramics lens cover
Drones continuously patrol vertical garden by zones
Drone tracks along rows of plants in pre-determined patterns
Drone uses advanced optics to survey conditions of growth and ripeness
Farm analyst gets real - time garden conditions and parameters which allows for maximum control over yield and quality
Hi-def analysis of specific plant parameter are measured
Drone transmits real - time data to automated system and online farmers market
Environmental monitoring sensors detect garden and produce parameters and perfect ripeness
Dynamically tunable hemispherical electronic eye camera system with adjustable zoom
Hermetically sealed polymer nanocomposite film
Bulk metallic glass micro fuel cell composed of zirconium and platinum compounds
Light weight carbon composites
Transparent ceramic lens housing
digital app for analyst
Digital interface allows Farm Analyst to connect and view real - time information on every aspect of the garden and drones.
Skyfarm digital farmers market The secondary aspect to this project was to utilize ubiquitous connectivity and the instantaneous data being collected by the drone to provide a platform for each farm to connect and sell its produce directly to the consumer. Each drone is connected to the Skyfarm online farmers market where they can get realâ€‰-â€‰time updates of what the freshest local produce thatâ€™s available for immediate purchase and delivery.
The color silver
the form of Color Design a watch with the qualities and characteristics of a specific color.
Favorite foods A day in the life Tell the story of a day in the life of someone you never met. Design an object around their favorite food or drink...Whiskey.
Experience Motorola 2013 – 2014
Industrial Design Intern, Sunnyvale, California • Product design intern in the Consumer Experience Design group • Worked along side senior industrial designers to develop various consumer electronics and accessories • Trend forecasting, concept development, CAD and internal product presentations
Perfect Fitness 2013 – 2014
Industrial Designer, Sausalito, California • Fitness product design • Fully Involved in the design process of multiple products • Participated in all areas of responsibility from research to ideation, production to marketing and client presentation
KIDmob 2013 – 2014
Facilitator and Ambassador, San Francisco, California • Facilitation of design education • Teaching of children and adults to transform learning through the intersection of design, community needs and making • Workshops include Stanford d-School and The Exploratorium
Haas @ Work, UC Berkeley 2013 Towne Park 2009 – 2013
Visual Lead & Graphic Design, Berkeley, California • Designed and coordinated with MBA students to create a cohesive visual presentation and layout for a market innovation pitch to a multi-billion dollar company Assistant Account Manager San Francisco, CA • Manager of valet department of a 1500 room hotel in downtown San Francisco • Responsibilities included: quality control, hiring and interviews, associate discipline, strategic development, financial forecasting and metrics, problem resolution, customer complaints, and clientele relations
Skills Rhino Solidworks 3D Printing Design Research Storyboarding InDesign Photoshop Illustrator
Leadership Quick to learn Big picture thinking Empathy Sense of humor
Awards RSA award winner, 2014 Bill Moggridge Award for Multidisciplinary Design RSA-US Leadership Award for Product Design Techmer PM Award for Design Innovation
2012 – Present
B.A. Industrial Design, The California College of the Arts
CCA All College Honors, 2014
2005 – 2008
English Literature, Santa Rosa Junior College
Student Leadership Award, 2013 and 2014