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Trade Start Helps At-Risk Youth Build a Future

7 Ways to Minister to Autistic Children

Should We Let Other Faiths Worship in Our Buildings?

Salvationist The Voice of the Army 

April 2015

The Power of the Resurrection

The Unlikely Disciples Embracing the Darkness of Maundy Thursday


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Features 8 The Power of the Resurrection Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX

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An empty cross and a vacant tomb make eternal life possible by General André Cox Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX

11 The Unlikely Disciples


In the midst of fear, weakness and doubt came the news that led to great faith by Rob Jeffery, Major Wil Brown-Ratcliffe, Major Isobel Wagner, Jonathan Raymond and Colonel Eleanor Shepherd PRODUCT LABELING GUIDE


16 Embracing the Darkness

The shadows of Maundy Thursday give way to the light of Easter by Major Cathie Harris

17 God’s Green Earth Departments 4 Editorial

The Shadow of the Cross by Geoff Moulton

5 Around the Territory 10 Onward Go and Tell by Commissioner Susan McMillan

14 Point Counterpoint House of Prayer by Colonel Bob Ward and Major Amy Reardon

23 Cross Culture

24 Celebrate Community

Enrolments and Recognition, Tributes, Gazette, Calendar

27 Convictions Matter Holy Ground by Major Ray Harris

28 Talking Points With a Vengeance by Major Juan Burry

Salvation Army warehouse in Prince George, B.C., takes recycling to the next level by Kristin Ostensen

18 The Autism Puzzle

Seven ways to effectively minister to children and families living with this disorder by Lieutenant Kristen Gray

20 Building a Future

Trade Start helps at-risk youth find a better path by Kristin Ostensen


29 Ties That Bind

Losing My Religion by Major Kathie Chiu

30 Salvation Stories In the Neighbourhood by Nicole Brindle

Cover photo: ©

Inside Faith & Friends Jacob’s Journey

A young boy battles a killer heart condition

No Longer Isolated

A Salvation Army program improves the lives of the medically fragile

Stooping to Greatness

With one dramatic act, Jesus taught us what it means to have humility

Out of This World

The Salvation Army flag has been to the moon—and back!

Share Your Faith When you finish reading Faith & Friends, FAITH & frıends pull it out and give it to someone who needs to hear about JACOB’S JOURNEY Christ’s lifeCould the baby’s heart be mended? changing  power April 2015


Inspiration for Living

A Cousin’s Transplanted Love Easter Movie Looks at Jesus’ Desert Ordeal

Surviving the Dragon’s Den

Get More Salvationist Online There’s more to Salvationist than the printed page! /salvationistmagazine Like us on Facebook and get the latest updates and photos from our territory and beyond. Interact with our community of 20,000 fans

world. Share your own updates and photos using the hashtag #SalvationArmy Visit, our award-winning website, where you can add your comments and read web-exclusive articles

@Salvationist Follow us on Twitter for breaking news, photos and updates from around the Army Salvationist • April 2015 • 3


The Shadow of the Cross


ur editorial office stores copies of Salvation Army magazines from years gone by. Often, I flip through the pages of The War Cry, the precursor to Salvationist, and marvel at our rich heritage. Of course, there is also plenty that causes me to smile: funny hairstyles, high-collar uniforms and bonnets, and familiar (though much younger!) faces. Imagine my sur pr ise when I unearthed a poem by my father, David Moulton, then a young lieutenant. When I was growing up, Dad had never shown the least bit of interest in poetry or writing. As a Salvation Army officer, his ministry had been mainly in correctional and justice services. And yet, here was this poem—intimate and profound. Riffing on the lyrics of a Simon and Garfunkel tune, it reflects the truth of Easter: I’d Rather Be … I’d rather be a hammer than a nail, But Father, I am willing to be a nail— To be pounded, pulled, bent, even broken For the sake of thy glory. I’d rather be a door than a doormat, But Son, I am willing to be a doormat— To be stepped on, wiped upon, even down-trodden For the sake of thy name.

He once told me, “God isn’t curing me, but he is healing me.” The way of the cross is one of humility and submission. As Christians, we are called to imitate Christ, who “made himself nothing … by becoming obedient to death—even death on a cross” (Philippians 2:7-8).

Death is not the end of the story This was a tough lesson for the early disciples, who struggled to make sense of Christ’s sacrifice. Read about them in our Easter reflections (see page 11). Contemplate the darkness of the Crucifixion with Major Cathie Harris in her article on Maundy Thursday (see page 16). The good news is that death is not the end of the story. Jesus conquered the grave. As General André Cox reflects on Christ’s victory over death, he urges us to “reflect the joy and the power of the Resurrection in our daily living” (see page 8). It is the ultimate “triumph over darkness and despair.” May you find your own healing this Easter in the shadow of the cross.  GEOFF MOULTON Editor-in-Chief

I’d rather be a wheel than a hub, But Holy Spirit, I am willing to be a hub— To be pressured, strained, even hidden For the sake of thy power. I’d rather be a hammer than a nail, But you call me to be a nail. Oh Lord, I have but one prayer: that I would not be the nail That would pierce thy precious hands, The gift-of-love hands. Hands on Calvary. The poem was a window on my father’s life and service. When he wrote it, he couldn’t have known that he would become that nail, suffering through years of cancer treatment and dying far too young. But through it all he never lost hope in his Saviour. 4 • April 2015 • Salvationist


is a monthly publication of The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory André Cox General Commissioner Susan McMillan Territorial Commander Lt-Colonel Jim Champ Secretary for Communications Geoff Moulton Editor-in-Chief Giselle Randall Features Editor (416-467-3185) Pamela Richardson News Editor, Production Co-ordinator, Copy Editor (416-422-6112) Kristin Ostensen Associate Editor and Staff Writer Timothy Cheng Senior Graphic Designer Brandon Laird Design and Media Specialist Ada Leung Circulation Co-ordinator Ken Ramstead Contributor Agreement No. 40064794, ISSN 1718-5769. Member, The Canadian Church Press. All Scripture references from the Holy Bible, Today’s New International Version (TNIV) © 2001, 2005 International Bible Society. Used by permission of International Bible Society. All rights reserved worldwide. All articles are copyright The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory and can be reprinted only with written permission.


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The Salvation Army exists to share the love of Jesus Christ, meet human needs and be a transforming influence in the communities of our world. Salvationist informs readers about the mission and ministry of The Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda.


Territorial Commander Makes First Visit to Alberta WITH STOPS AT various ministry units in Calgary and Edmonton, Commissioner Susan McMillan, territorial commander, made her first official visit to the Alberta and Northern Territories Division in January. In Calgary, Commissioner McMillan visited the Centre of Hope and the Agape Hospice, where she received a butterfly pin from Major Faye Shail, spiritual care co-ordinator. She also went to the Barbara Mitchell Family Resource Centre, where a Messy Church event for children and families was held. Commissioner McMillan then attended a reception for retired officers and Mission Board members, followed by a time of worship. To complete her trip, Commissioner McMillan travelled to Edmonton, and led

a special Sunday meeting at Edmonton Temple. The meeting was live-streamed so that ministry units across the division, and beyond, could participate online. A video of the service is available at http://

Commissioner Susan McMillan receives a pin from Mjr Faye Shail at Calgary’s Agape Hospice

Commissioner McMillan shares a story with children at the Barbara Mitchell Family Resource Centre

DivorceCare Gives Support in Sussex

Grey Cup Comes to Centre of Hope

SUSSEX COMMUNITY CHURCH, N.B., is addressing a topic rarely spoken about in churches by hosting DivorceCare. The 13-week program is designed to help participants deal with challenges and move toward rebuilding their lives after divorce. Running from January to April, the program covers topics such as dealing with anger and how to help children deal with the effects of a family breakdown. One of the program’s primary focuses is forgiveness and reconciliation. DivorceCare is not only for people who have been divorced, but also for anyone who has been separated or experienced the end of a long-term union with a partner. Major Judy Folkins, corps officer, explains why the corps is hosting the program. “When looking at the needs around Sussex, I saw that there are a number of people in our community who have gone through the pain of divorce,” she says. “When I proposed the program idea to our leader board, they were supportive, and recognized the need for it in our community.” Mary Law, one of the DivorceCare program leaders, is going through the program for the first time. “When I watched the first video, I realized that others felt like I had,” she says. “The numbness, sadness, anger and craziness were not just mine, but others had these feelings as well. I wish I had had a place to share them then. Recovery takes time, but DivorceCare has steps that make moving forward a reality, and not just a wish.”

Salvation Army public relations staff share a moment with the Grey Cup. From left, Anne Garnett, Randy Tronsgard, Shannon McGovern, Sally Ann, Tessa Pinlac, Cpt Pamela Goodyear and Heather Berezowski

Mjr Judy Folkins and Lisa Gervais, DivorceCare participant

RESIDENTS AT THE Salvation Army’s Centre of Hope in Calgary had an exciting opportunity when the Grey Cup came to visit the centre in February. Calgary Stampeders Corey Mace, Rob Cote and Rene Paredes signed autographs and joined many clients in photos with the cup. The event was also open to the public who, for a $20 donation, could get their photo taken with the cup and enjoy lunch at the centre. Clients responded enthusiastically to the cup, lifting it in the air and some even dared to kiss it. “It was an amazing day, and we are blessed to have such a great relationship with the Calgary Stampeders,” says Captain Pamela Goodyear, divisional director of public relations and development, Alberta and Northern Territories Division. “Our residents were thrilled, and everyone who came left with huge smiles on their faces.” Salvationist • April 2015 • 5


Army Supplies Fresh Water in Winnipeg

Barry Doran, support services manager, Golden West Centennial Lodge, receives a bottled-water delivery from Debbie Clarke, area emergency disaster services director, Prairie Div

WHEN A BOIL-WATER advisory for all of Winnipeg’s 700,000 residents put the city on alert in January, The Salvation Army responded to the need for clean water. By the time the advisory was expanded to the entire city, the Winnipeg Booth Centre shelter kitchen was already closed, but evening staff were quick to alert residents about the possible threat. Water was boiled and stored for the clients’ overnight use. A boiled-water supply was made available at the front desk for residents, staff and visitors, and continued to be available until the advisory was lifted. This was augmented by stocks of bottled water. Four-litre jugs of distilled water were given out to people in the community making use of the weekly Hallway Ministry at the Army’s Weetamah Corps in the inner city, ensuring those in the area had safe drinking water for their families. Cases of water were delivered to the Army’s Golden West Centennial Lodge as well. The long-term care home on the west side of the city received cases of water, helping staff there in their ongoing commitment to deliver quality care to their residents.

Free Library Promotes Literacy in London THE SALVATION ARMY Centre of Hope in London, Ont., is promoting reading in the community with its new Little Free Library. As the winter months linger, for those living at the shelter, the weather can be a serious hindrance. For those with mobility, health or mental-health issues, trying to get to the local library poses a serious challenge and the days become very long without something to occupy their time. A lending library in the Centre of Hope was the best alternative. And following the Little Free Library movement seemed to be the most efficient and user-friendly way to do that. The Little Free Library was created from a donated refrigerator found on Kijiji. Cheri McLeod, a local artist, donated her talents and materials to paint the outside of the refrigerator in vibrant colours, using multi-media to add encouraging messages and verses. The launch of the library was held in January, with clients and staff of the Centre of Hope, as well as representatives from Literacy London and Goodwill Industries, in attendance. A donation was made by Goodwill for future book purchases. Donated books from the community, including cookbooks, puzzle and quiz books, filled the shelves and were quickly snatched up by clients to enjoy. The Little Free Library is housed in a refrigerator, painted by a local artist

Donor Welcome Centres Launched at Ontario Thrift Stores

Dora Osorio opens the door at the donor welcome centre in Ajax, Ont. 6 • April 2015 • Salvationist

THE SALVATION ARMY’S National Recycling Operations (NRO) has created donor welcome centres at all NRO thrift store locations across Ontario in an effort to show their appreciation to the public for their continued support and generosity. These donor welcome centres are safe, easy and reliable spaces for the public to donate at the stores. The centres are also equipped with donation attendants who are available to offer assistance for

heavier or larger donations. “We appreciate the continued support from members of the community,” says David Court, national director of operations. “We anticipate donor welcome centres will encourage new donations and aid people in showing their support for The Salvation Army.” Last year, The Salvation Army’s NRO thrift stores, with help from the public, diverted 30.5 million kilograms of household waste away from landfills.


An Army of Snowmen for the Army THE SALVATION ARMY Ottawa Booth Centre men’s shelter received a generous donation of warm clothing from the Ottawa community in February, thanks to an army of snowmen. More than 15 large, industrial-size garbage bags filled with hats, mitts, gloves, scarves, coats and boots were donated through the Cracking Up the Capital World Record Snowman event. The comedy festival kick-off event, which saw more than 1,100 people gather to build 1,299 snowmen in an hour, setting a new world record, brought funds and awareness to mentalhealth charities and community groups in Ottawa. Pablo Coffey, Cracking Up the Capital committee member,

Alex Bertrand, driver from the Ottawa Booth Centre, picks up drycleaned winter clothing from Mike Leeworthy, warehouse manager for Brown’s Cleaners

came up with the idea to invite the public to donate the warm clothing used to decorate snowmen to The Salvation Army. “What I like about The Salvation Army is that it’s family-oriented and supports both children and adults through their various programs,” he says. “There are families in Ottawa struggling after the loss of income and I’m glad A snowman wears a Salvation Army hat that we had an opportunity at a fundraising event in Ottawa to help.” Brown’s Cleaners City Centre location offered up their services to help clean and dry all the donated clothing. “I believe in the work of The Salvation Army and I especially like their outreach services program that supports the homeless,” says owner Brian McGregor. “We are so grateful to this city for their generous donations that will help those in need through the cold winter months,” says Sean Maddox, director of public relations and development in Ottawa. The Salvation Army was among many community organizations who registered a team to help build snowmen and break the world record. “It was a historic day with regard to building snowmen,” says Maddox, “but I’ll remember it most as a day when this community came together in support of local initiatives.”

A THREE-COURSE MEAL. White tablecloths with a pop of red cotton napkins. A piano player softly plinking away. It was a scene straight out of a five-star restaurant. But this was The Salvation Army. In January, Regina’s Haven of Hope upped the game of its weekly lunch to offer a surprise elegant meal for its regular clients. “For many of our clients, to eat a fancy meal like this is only a dream or only something they’ve heard about. So we’re hoping that today, they’ll experience it and it will make them feel special,” said Major Doug Binner, corps officer and community ministries officer, Haven of Hope Ministries. The Army was inspired by a video from an American shelter where staff surprised clients in a similar way.

In Regina, The Salvation Army got a boost from a SaskEnergy grant. Nicky’s Cafe prepped the food, Gale’s Florist offered fresh roses as centrepieces, and Moores Clothing dressed up volunteers in bow ties and cummerbunds to act as servers. “It was a shock and joy,” said Rod Hunter, who lives in a shelter. “It’s a beautiful day, makes the weather beautiful, makes the good meal beautiful. Can’t ask for more, especially when you’re homeless—oh, there’s my meal!” A server sauntered up to Hunter carrying a plate covered in gravy-drenched roast beef and Yorkshire pudding. Lunch also consisted of bread, Caesar salad and Turtles cheesecake. Waiters circled offering coffee. “It’s probably something that a lot of the homeless and hungry of Regina

have not experienced,” said Salvation Army client Thomas Crosby. “I was so lucky when growing up to have the luxuries like that, but you fall on hard times and people deserve better. We’re all human beings here and I can’t emphasize enough: Homeless people are the same as you and me.” Crosby was living in an apartment, but was moving to Souls Harbour Rescue Mission at the end of January. “They say in Canada that the streets are paved with gold. They’re not paved with gold, I assure you,” he said. “There are a lot of homeless in Regina that need the services like this and it’s good to see that The Salvation Army has done something really inventive with a fine-class dinner like that.” The Army served about 40 guests with the help of 18 volunteers. Salvationist • April 2015 • 7

Story: Natascia Lypny, Regina Leader-Post

Haven of Hope Turns Into Five-Star Restaurant

Photo: ©

8 • April 2015 • Salvationist

The Power of the

Resurrection An empty cross and a vacant tomb make eternal life possible BY GENERAL ANDRÉ COX


hat a glorious celebrat ion Easter Sunday represents for each one of us! God, in raising Christ, has defeated death. God, in raising Christ, has freed us from sin. God, in raising Christ, has established a sure eternal future for all who know Jesus as Lord and Saviour. Life can be so full of uncertainty, danger and fears. Easter, however, serves to remind us that the life Jesus brought and bought cannot be undermined or extinguished. As we celebrate the glory of the risen Christ, our hearts are filled with praise. We rejoice in worship as we gain new insight and understanding of God’s eternal purposes and his plan of salvation for the world! As Jesus was raised from the dead, so will we be if we place our hope, trust and faith in God who sent his only Son into this world—not to condemn but to save! It is not difficult to understand the consternation, disappointment, fear and discouragement of the disciples following the terrible events of Good Friday. They were devastated, shocked and completely thrown off course. Jesus had told his disciples on numerous occasions that he would die and rise again on the third day. Why, then, does it appear that not one of the disciples understood or realized what happened on that Resurrection morning? Had the forces of darkness and injustice won the day? There are those today who seem to think so. Amidst scenes of despair, suffering, injustice, greed, violence and the consequences of continued economic instability across the globe, I wonder whether there are Christians who, this day, feel despondent. Perhaps there might even be

a sense of disillusionment for one reason or another. The disciples on the road to Emmaus expressed such feelings well: “We had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel.” When Jesus appeared to the disciples following his Resurrection, they did not recognize him. Possibly their preoccupation with personal sorrow and despair obscured what should have been clear. How many times do we fail to sense Jesus’ presence within our life and in the world today? Do we, as Christians, always reflect the joy and the power

We can know the victory of Christ’s Resurrection in our life. Hallelujah! of the Resurrection in our daily living? If we are honest, we would have to admit that we don’t always. However, it shouldn’t—indeed it needn’t—be like that! It is as our spiritual eyes are opened and we gain ever more understanding of God’s eternal purposes that through faith we begin to experience triumph over darkness and despair. Moment by moment, day by day, we can know the power and the victory of Christ’s Resurrection in our life. Hallelujah! It is my prayer that these familiar words will resonate in your heart as we celebrate once again the reality of our risen Lord Jesus:

Thine is the glory, Risen, conquering Son; Endless is the victory Thou o’er death hast won. Angels in bright raiment Rolled the stone away, Kept the folded grave clothes Where thy body lay. Chorus Thine is the glory, Risen, conquering Son; Endless is the victory Thou o’er death hast won. Lo! Jesus meets thee, Risen from the tomb; Lovingly he greets thee, Scatters fear and gloom; Let his church with gladness Hymns of triumph sing, For her Lord now liveth; Death has lost its sting. No more we doubt thee, Glorious Prince of Life! Life is naught without thee; Aid us in thy strife; Make us more than conquerors Through thy deathless love; Bring us safe through Jordan To thy home above. Edmond Louis Budry (1854-1932), trs Richard Birch Hoyle (1875-1939) (SASB 152)

General André Cox is the international leader of The Salvation Army.

Salvationist • April 2015 • 9


Go and Tell

Will you take up the challenge?

Illustration: ©



hen Commissioner Silvia Cox, World President of Women’s Ministries, announced the theme for women’s ministries on an international scale, I was intrigued with the phrase: “Go and Tell.” Of course, this challenge appears several times in Scripture. In Exodus, God told Moses to go to Pharoah and tell him to let the Israelites go. When Moses made excuses about his speech-making ability, God replied: “Who made your mouth? Who gave you speech?” (see Exodus 4:11). There were no reasonable excuses for not going and telling. Then God spoke through his prophets. Each was given an important message (some more than one message over time) for God’s people. They, too, were told to go and tell. Isaiah was humbled in the presence of God and exclaimed: “Woe to me! I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the Lord Almighty” (Isaiah 6:5). An angel took a live coal from the altar, touched it to Isaiah’s lips and said: “See, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away and your 10 • April 2015 • Salvationist

Easter is the perfect time to share with others the story of what Jesus has done for you sin atoned for” (Isaiah 6:7). Isaiah was then able to say to God, “Here am I. Send me!” (Isaiah 6:8). Jesus healed a man who was demonpossessed and then said to him, “Go home to your own people and tell them how much the Lord has done for you” (Mark 5:19). When the apostles were arrested for preaching, an angel came and released them from prison, telling them to “Go, stand in the temple courts and tell the people all about this new life” (Acts 5:20). And of course, in the Gospels, after Jesus rose from the dead, he appeared to a group of women who had gone to the tomb to prepare the body for burial. He entrusted to them the most important news of all time: they were to go and

tell the disciples that Jesus had risen from the grave. Today, God invites you and me to take up this same challenge: to go and tell everyone we can that Jesus is alive and wants to be their Saviour. He paid the price for their sins and ours on the cross, and because he now lives, we can know life at its best through him. The women of our territory have taken up the challenge. We are going to go and tell the good news. How about you? Will you also go and tell of Jesus’ love and grace? Easter is the perfect time to share with others the story of what he has done for you. It’s the perfect time to come to God and say, “I am in need of your holiness, make me worthy to share your message.” It is the perfect time to say, “Here am I. Send me!” Commissioner Susan McMillan is the territorial commander of the Canada and Bermuda Territory. Follow Commissioner McMillan at facebook. com/susanmcmillantc and salvationarmytc.

The Unlikely Disciples The Centurion



urely he was the Son of God!” (Matthew 27:54). The centurion who oversaw the Crucifixion of Jesus was a man well versed in the art of violence. He was trained to kill and in all acts of warfare. His skills helped enforce the Pax Romana (Roman Peace), in which nearly all the known world was brought under the subjugation of Caesar. His talents included torture and using public executions as a way to inspire fear among the oppressed population. The scourging and humiliation of Jesus may seem like a chaotic and out-ofcontrol affair, but it was, in fact, a carefully conceived ritual of violence. Making the “King of the Jews” suffer, as much as possible for as long as possible, would cause other would-be rebels to think twice before raising their hand against Rome. Did the centurion know that this “rebel,” whom he ordered nailed to a cross, was one whose kingdom was built on love, grace and servanthood? Did he know it was the same Jesus of Nazareth who heeded another centurion’s request to heal a much-loved servant, transgressing the boundaries of his own culture? Who even praised this Gentile, saying, “I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith” (Matthew 8:10)? No, the centurion did not know this. But as events unfolded that day, he understood that the natural world rose in revolt against the death of Jesus. An unnatural darkness blotted out the sun and an earthquake shook the temple, tearing the

Photo: ©

In the midst of fear, weakness and doubt came the news that led to great faith

curtain from the top to the bottom. The tombs of holy men and women broke open and the dead became alive again. In response to these signs and wonders, the Roman centurion exclaimed, “Surely he was the Son of God!” Amazingly, these words were first spoken by the divine voice in Matthew 3:17: “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” And now they were being affirmed by the centurion. Humbling words, from a man who knew only violence and strife. Our world today is full of such people. People brutalized by violence who only know how to perpetuate its vicious cycle. Stopping the cycle requires repentance, forgiveness and pardon. When Jesus said to his disciples, “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you” (Matthew 5:44), he no doubt had in mind people such as the centurion. May we live in hope that today’s enactors of violence will make the centurion’s declaration of faith.

The Aristocr at



udea was a precarious place to live in the first century. The occupying Romans asserted brutal justice under the banner of the Pax Romana. The Jewish leaders and aristocrats walked the tightrope of balancing their pretended subservience to the Romans, with safeguarding the cultural and religious life of their own people. Salvationist • April 2015 • 11

Photo: ©

Joseph of Arimathea was one of the men negotiating this delicate dance. He was wealthy and respected by his peers and the common folk, and held a prominent seat as a member of the Sanhedrin, the religious Jewish council (see Mark 15:43). Joseph had his life neatly arranged; he was successful, respected, had a position of influence ... but the problem was Jesus! This young man of no means or standing in society had appeared on the landscape. His teaching and popularity threatened to destabilize the balance of life in Judea. Joseph was a spiritual searcher, one “waiting for the kingdom of God” (Luke 23:51). He was fascinated by Jesus’ teaching, which revealed both depth and simplicity. He was astounded by the reports of all Jesus’ miracles and charmed by his charismatic personality. Joseph’s spirit resonated in agreement with what Jesus revealed about God and his own mission in the world— but the risk was too great to publicly align himself with this man. He would be ousted from the Sanhedrin, forbidden to worship at the synagogue, become the laughing stock of his friends and disgrace his family. It was safer to be a secret disciple—to admire from a distance. But in a cataclysmic 12-hour period, the events of Good Friday created a crisis of allegiance. Joseph must have been present at Golgotha, the place of crucifixion, because Jesus had barely breathed his last when Joseph sprang from the shadows of fear and pride to declare his connection with Jesus. At that point he crossed the Rubicon of discipleship by putting his reputation on the line and boldly went to Pilate (the governor) to request the body of Jesus for a decent burial (see Mark 15:43). Joseph owned gardens close to Golgotha in which a tomb had recently been carved from the rocky hillside. Joseph kindly provided a resting place for the broken body of Jesus, a gift neither his family nor disciples could have afforded or acquired. We notice wistfully that it took Jesus’ death for Joseph to step forward, and we’re reminded of Jesus’ prophetic words, “And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself” (John 12:32).

12 • April 2015 • Salvationist

I wonder how many people are disciples “secretly, for fear...”? What will push us from remaining on the safe, guarded periphery and the complacency of secret discipleship to being bold enough to stake our claim for Christ? Joseph’s defining act provided the birthplace of resurrection. What identifying act of discipleship will be the place of new life for you?

The Witnesses



tunned. Numb. Distraught. Their minds could not process the recent events. Could it be that only a few days before, Jesus had addressed crowds of people in the temple and powerfully spoken words of life and healing? The women struggled to grasp their present reality. Jesus, the lifegiver, was dead—crucified because of their religious leaders’ demands. They had witnessed his death. And now his lifeless body lay wrapped and buried in Joseph’s tomb. As a final act of their love and dedication, they walked the distance to the grave site, prepared to anoint his body with spices. Who will roll the stone away? This question plagued their thoughts and they spoke about the task that lay ahead of them. Surprised. Filled with wonder. Fearful. The stone was rolled away from the entrance to the tomb! God had answered their prayers. They entered the tomb but there was no body to be found. How was it possible that Jesus was not there? They had witnessed his burial. Suddenly the space they were standing in was filled with a bright light. The women saw angels and bowed down in trepidation. “Why do you look for the living among the dead?” the angels said. “He is not here; he has risen! Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee: ‘The Son of Man must be delivered over to the hands of sinners, be crucified and on the third day be raised again’ ” (Luke 24:5-7). Yes, they remembered! How could they have forgotten? How could they have doubted God’s plan? Joy f u l. En l ightene d. Hop ef u l. Commissioned to share the good news, they ran to tell the other disciples what they had seen and heard (see Matthew 28:78). Jesus was alive! They had witnessed his resurrected body. He had spoken to them and they had worshipped him (see Matthew 28:9). Soon the other disciples would share in their joy and see Jesus in person. Today our hearts share in the joy and hope that these women experienced that first Easter. Jesus is alive! Our minds are enlightened and enlivened by the Holy Spirit so that we not only remember God’s Word but are empowered to live it. We are witnesses of the saving grace and power of God who raised Jesus from the dead and offers forgiveness of sin and a new relationship with him through faith in Christ.

The Doubter



Photo: © Greenwood

or millennia, the Apostle Thomas has taken the rap for being the quintessential doubter in human history. The story of Thomas doubting Christ’s Resurrection is recorded in the Gospel of John (see John 20:24-29). Thomas was absent at the time of Christ’s post-Resurrection visit to his disciples. Later, when he heard the news, he wanted physical proof of Christ’s Resurrection in order to believe the good news. It is curious that Thomas is stuck with the label “Doubting Thomas” when actually Mary and Peter first raised questions. At the empty tomb, Mary thought others had moved or stolen Christ’s body. Mary’s personal testimony was “He is risen!” Peter did not believe it. He immediately sought proof, running to the empty tomb to see if it really was empty (see Luke 24:12). There is more to Thomas than the embarrassment of that moment of doubt. While he was an impetuous doubter, he was also an emphatic believer in expressing his faith. When

finally seeing the risen Christ, he boldly proclaimed, “My Lord and my God!” This reunion occasioned a word from Jesus to all Christians who would follow late. He replied to Thomas, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have come to believe” (John 20:29 NRSV). All of the disciples were human, flawed and understood relatively little. Peter, too, was impetuous. James and John were called “Sons of Thunder.” God works with flawed people to his glory. Together, the Holy Spirit-filled disciples give us hope. In his remarkable, personal gift—infusing his holy essence of pure love into them—he was able to do immeasurably more through them than they could have asked for or imagined. So it is with us. He powerfully equips us for ministry and mission above and beyond anything we could do on our own. This was the case with “Doubting Thomas.” Thomas became an admirable example of Spirit-filled courage, obedience,

service and sacrifice. He went on to lead a life of remarkable witness, ministry and mission. Tradition teaches that St. Thomas journeyed on to preach the gospel in Iraq and Persia and sailed to the west coast of India. When the Portuguese arrived in India in 1600, they found the Mara Thoma Church established through Thomas’ ministry 1,500 years earlier. Praise be to God and the faithfulness of Doubting Thomas.

The Follower



eter had always wondered why Jesus visited his home and healed his mother-in-law. When Peter saw his kindness to the sick townspeople gathered around their door that evening, he knew he wanted to follow Jesus the rest of his life. He hadn’t hesitated at Jesus’ invitation to follow him when he stopped by his fishing boat. Yet Peter wondered. Could Jesus see the intense desire in the heart of this young man, who had grown up learning to fish, to do something with his life that would really make a difference? Did he know how Peter would have to struggle to overcome his battle with fear? Did Jesus realize that he could make more of him than he could ever be in his own strength? Was that why he was willing to risk inviting Peter into his intimate group of friends, so he could mentor him? The turning point was the horrible day Jesus died. By then, they had been with him for three years. Peter had seen a quality of life in him that he never imagined possible. Jesus consistently treated people with respect and it was obvious that he loved every one of them. His disappointment with those who claimed to be religious leaders was evident, yet Peter knew that the moment they were willing to look at things from his perspective, Jesus would have infinite patience with them. He saw how Jesus responded to the openness of Nicodemus, leading him into an understanding of his kingdom. Peter was convinced he was one of his key supporters. He understood Jesus was instigating permanent changes in human relationships when he taught how the one who would be the greatest must be the servant of all. Ironically, that lesson was in the midst of an internal squabble about which of them was greatest. The night of Jesus’ trial, overcome by fears once again, Peter denied he knew him and cursed those who said he did. Then, he realized the truth of how weak he really was. Devastated, Peter knew Jesus could never really count on him. Then, miraculously, after Jesus’ Resurrection, he met Peter on the beach. He knew how weak he was. Yet instead of allowing that to define him, Jesus affirmed his love and repeated his first words to him, “Follow me.” Peter dared to believe that in doing so, Jesus would empower him to be all he ever wanted to be. In following Jesus, his life would make a difference. Salvationist • April 2015 • 13


House of Prayer Illustration: © and

Should churches make room for other religions?

In this series, Colonel Bob Ward, who retired in 2013 as the territorial commander in Pakistan, and Major Amy Reardon, corps officer at Seattle Temple in Washington, U.S.A., discuss issues of the day. DEAR AMY,


was encouraged recently to learn that Muslim leaders had been invited to conduct their Friday prayers in the Washington Cathedral, the site of many national events and funeral services for former presidents. I understand this initiative was an outcome of a discussion related to a memorial service for Nelson Mandela. The South African ambassador, Dr. Ebrahim Rasool, is a Muslim. I know him from our days in Cape Town. As minister of health, he understood and supported the role of faith-based hospitals, including The Salvation Army’s, in the health-care system. He called the invitation “a powerful symbolic gesture.” The occasion brought to mind a similar event organized by one of our divisional commanders in Pakistan during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. When the call to prayer sounded from a nearby mosque, the Shia and Sunni leaders rose to find a suitable place to pray. The divisional commander invited them into the nearby corps building, saying, “We have prepared a place inside for you.” They accepted this unique offer and went in to pray. I was taken aback, but on reflection realized this was right. Jesus reminded the buyers and sellers in the temple that “It is written, ‘My house will be called a house of prayer’ ” (Matthew 21:13). He was quoting Isaiah: “These I will bring to my holy mountain and give them joy in my house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house will be called a house of prayer for all nations” (Isaiah 56:7; emphasis mine). I applaud the Washington Cathedral effort to encourage people from other faith communities, particularly from the monotheistic tradition. It spoke to me of the intended use of places of worship, as well as the Christian virtue of hospitality. Imagine my disappointment with the criticism and protest this occasion generated. Dr. Franklin Graham complained on Facebook: “It’s sad to see a church open its doors to the worship of anything other than the one true God of the Bible.” A protester had to be removed from the service, shouting, “Jesus Christ died on that cross over there,” concluding that only Jesus should be prayed to. She was oversimplifying the complex theological issues. I wonder what the Muslims who had come to pray thought of her actions and words. I do understand people’s sensitivity to anything Islamic since the 9/11 tragedy. However, the emphasis of Jesus’ ministry was building bridges, not walls. To my way of thinking, the Washington Cathedral initiative is in the best spirit of building positive relationships and promoting healthy dialogue and good will among people of faith. I hope you agree. BOB 14 I April 2015 I Salvationist



remember the days when we arrogantly believed that Christians possessed all truth and those of all other faiths were just pagans of varying stripes. Most of us now acknowledge that other religions do possess some truth and we can understand how people are drawn to those faiths. Still, Jesus claimed to be the truth and I don’t see a lot of wiggle room in that enormous claim. I have been to the National Cathedral many times, having lived in the Washington, D.C., area for six years. Though it is an Episcopalian church, it represents the worship practices of the American people. A national commander of The Salvation Army was installed there. My husband’s recent graduation from a Methodist seminary was conducted there. I visited the cathedral for a morning of private prayer and celebration on my 30th anniversary of becoming a soldier, and viewed a stained-glass picture of William Booth at an open-air meeting. The atmosphere of the National Cathedral isn’t particularly Episcopalian. Even if it were, the Episcopalians are a liberal

POINT COUNTERPOINT group, not a dogmatic one. I wasn’t at all surprised, then, that a Muslim prayer service was conducted there—in fact, I was more surprised to learn that it had never happened before! I am, however, caught off guard at the idea of a Salvation Army building being used for Muslim prayer. Part of me appreciates the courtesy and respect the divisional commander showed in the story you told. But what is more significant, to me, than such a genteel spirit is the phrase “Holiness unto the Lord,” which is draped across most holiness tables in Army buildings. I hope we agree that the word “Lord,” in our context, refers to the triune God, whom you and I both worship and whom The Salvation Army upholds doctrinally as the “only proper object of religious worship.” I have always thought the physical space of our buildings is sacred, as much as a building can be sacred. You mentioned Isaiah 56:7, noting in particular that God’s house is to be a house of prayer for all nations. The idea of “all nations” begins in verse six, with the mention of “foreigners.” Let’s look at verses six and seven: “And foreigners who bind themselves to the Lord to minister to him, to love the name of the Lord, and to be his servants, all who keep the Sabbath without desecrating it and who hold fast to my covenant— these I will bring to my holy mountain and give them joy in my house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house will be called a house of prayer for all nations.” As I read it, these verses speak of those who have come from foreign lands, but have decided to worship the God of the Israelites. In fact, they are submitting themselves to the religious practices of the Hebrews: keeping the Sabbath and observing the covenant. These are not people who come to the holy mountain and the house of God in order to worship foreign gods. They are worshipping the God of Israel in the way he has prescribed. I’m not sure, then, how this text supports the idea of the Christian faith—which we understand to be the completion of the Hebrew faith—making space in its “house of prayer” for the practice of another faith. I also can’t think of any instance of Jesus building bridges by making room for other religions. He was in the business of lovingly guiding people to the truth. I respect people of other faiths and support freedom of belief (though I wish all of humankind could enjoy the loving fellowship of Christ). I also am convinced that there is some truth to be found in other religions. However, allowing worship of something other than the triune God sends the message that we think all faiths bring equal knowledge of the one true God. Since we believe that this God was ultimately revealed to us through Jesus Christ, we do not believe that other faiths equally present the God of the universe. Scripture teaches that one day every knee will bow at the name of Jesus Christ. I think that should be the practice within our sacred spaces now. AMY DEAR AMY,


K, so I have to think more deeply about the Isaiah reference! One issue is whether Islam is a completely different faith, with a different god. It could be argued that Muslims are spiritual cousins to Christians, along with the Jews. The Qur’an acknowledges Jewish and Christian traditions as “people of the book”—each traces its origins back to

the God of Abraham. For the last four centuries, Christians in Malaysia and Indonesia have translated “God” as “Allah.” The strained relationship between Islam and Christianity today could be considered similar to the one between the Jews and Samaritans of Jesus’ day. Despite being a Jew, Jesus went out of his way to minister to Samaritans (the woman at the well) and make another the hero of his most famous parable (the Good Samaritan). So when Muslims enter our building and see the motto “Holiness unto the Lord,” do we need to add the caveat “triune God” or can we not leave it as a plain, clear and practical invitation? Paul reminds us that Jesus is the mediator between us and God (see 1 Timothy 2:5). Are we in a position to tell Jesus where he must draw the line? We are known for providing practical service without discrimination and have a history of reaching out to the lost and marginalized. I would suggest in this time of fear and suspicion, a Salvation Army that serves both in the West and in Islamic countries could be a remarkable bridge. We shouldn’t be eclipsed by the provocative initiative of the Washington Cathedral. BOB

Are we worshipping the same God as those who practise the Islamic faith? DEAR BOB,


t is interesting to think of the Muslim-Christian difference as being similar to the Samaritan-Jew difference. I haven’t considered that before. In the tension between Samaritans and Jews, the discussion was not whom to worship, but where. As far as I know, there was never any question as to whether or not they were worshipping the same God—at least not by the time Jesus was on earth. (The earlier history of the Samaritans was far more convoluted.) I think you hit on the key question: Are we worshipping the same God as those who practise the Islamic faith? Christians define God by his triune nature. I am tempted to say that anyone who doesn’t worship the Trinity could not be worshipping the true God. But I stop short of that assertion because I do not believe that faithful Jews are worshipping a false God; they simply do not recognize him in the fullness we acknowledge. Still, I think it is obvious that the relationship between the Jewish faith and the Christian faith is far more intimate than any possible relationship between Christianity and Islam. The Gospels, Acts, Galatians and other parts of the New Testament testify to that. Love must win the day. It is a joy to befriend people of any faith, to live beside them, work together, serve them and meet their needs. But I think that sometimes compromise can be mistaken for love. We show the greatest love when we stand by what we understand to be true—such as the trinitarian definition of God—even if it is difficult to do so and makes us seem unyielding. In my opinion, reserving our buildings for worship of the God we know is one humble way of demonstrating our deference to his glory. I don’t think it is tantamount to telling Jesus where to draw the line. AMY Salvationist I April 2015 I 15

Embracing the Darkness The shadows of Maundy Thursday give way to the light of Easter

16 • April 2015 • Salvationist

Photo: ©


nything that becomes overly familiar and repetitive can lose its significance. This can even happen with our celebration of Easter, the central event of the Christian faith. We need to find ways to slow down and contemplate, in deep and fresh ways, the significance of Jesus’ journey to the cross. One way to do this is by planning a Tenebrae service, which has been practised by the church since the Middle Ages. Tenebrae is a Latin word that means “shadows.” The shadows are created by eight to 10 lighted candles that are extinguished one by one as Scripture is read. The service ends in complete darkness and silence. The experience enables participants to walk with Jesus, as it were, through the growing tensions with his opponents that lead to misunderstanding, betrayal, agony and eventually death. Have you ever noticed that we have a tendency to rush ahead to the alleluias of Easter morning, taking a quick detour around the arrest, the beatings, the crown of thorns and the cross? Like much of our present society, we prefer to avoid death, grief and pain. Yet the more deeply we feel the pain, the greater the celebration on Easter morning when we realize: Christ is risen. He is risen indeed. This service can be held any time during Holy Week but is most effective on the day before Good Friday, often called Holy or Maundy Thursday. The preparation is relatively simple. Scripture readings are best chosen from one particular Gospel, beginning just after the Palm Sunday account. The number of candles lit at the beginning of the service match the number of chosen readings. The readings from Scripture are the focus of the service. A few carefully chosen pieces of music may accentuate the Bible readings. The service should move slowly and quietly. Previously chosen participants each read one Scripture passage and then extinguish one candle. Words are best projected by


PowerPoint on a screen so that light is not needed for reading a bulletin. The Tenebrae service has become one of the most significant services of the year for me. Let me invite you to join me in reliving one of those experiences. We enter the dimly lit sanctuary, walking over crunchy palm branches. A mere five days ago, these same branches were waved in acclamation of Jesus. But quickly they were thrown aside and the same crowd shouted, “Crucify him!” We take our seats and notice 10 taper candles burning at the front. A cross stands in the background, in the shadows. There is silence. We begin by singing: Lest I forget Gethsemane, Lest I forget thine agony; Lest I forget thy love for me, Lead me to Calvary. We pray a corporate prayer of confession, acknowledging that we have not been as faithful and disciplined as we had hoped during the Lenten season. We listen to the Scripture readings from Luke’s Gospel. These readings are named: The Shadow of Misunderstanding, followed by the Shadows of Rejection, Greed, Betrayal, Desertion, Agony, Arrest, Disowning, Mockery and Condemnation. After each reading a candle is extinguished and

there is silence. I feel the growing darkness. We sing a few simple songs: Stay with me, abide here with me, watch and pray. Draw me nearer, nearer, nearer blessed Lord, to the cross where thou hast died. O how he loves you and me. He gave his life. What more could he give? The final Scripture passage is read. The last candle is extinguished. There is no final blessing or dismissal. We depart in silence. We know the story isn’t over. But we wait in hope, pondering these things in our hearts. The experience is profound. We experience more than the facts of the Easter events. We feel deeply the tensions, the growing dread and the increasing darkness of death. As a result, Sunday dawns more glorious and celebratory, with an empty tomb and light and incredible surprise. Up from the grave he arose. Alleluia. He is risen indeed! Major Cathie Harris is a retired Salvation Army officer. She spent most of her years involved in education at three Colleges for Officer Training, as well as Booth University College. Beyond work and reading, she enjoys activities with her husband, three adult children and two grandchildren.

God’s Green Earth Salvation Army warehouse in Prince George, B.C., takes recycling to the next level

Photo: Sharon Harder



Gregory Law volunteers at Prince George CC’s recycling warehouse

ast year, The Salvation Army’s recycling warehouse in Prince George, B.C., processed 680,000 kilograms of textiles, equivalent to more than 1,800 kilograms a day. With a staff of just seven people at the warehouse, it’s an amazing feat— one which garnered Prince George Community Church a local environmental leadership award in the year following the warehouse’s construction. For Captain Neil Wilkinson, corps officer, this kind of leadership should come naturally to The Salvation Army. “The Army has the opportunity to be a forerunner in recycling,” he says. “We’ve always been a forerunner—when we started our thrift stores 100 years ago, it was something that nobody else was doing. Ramping up our recycling ministry is just a way for us to naturally augment what we already do really well.” The corps’ recycling operations generate $250,000 annually, which helps support its social services. But more than a fundraising tool, the warehouse is part of the corps’ commitment to stewardship.

“The earth is the Lord’s and everything in it,” Captain Wilkinson says, “so we need to be the ones who are setting the pace for the rest of the world.” The Recycling Process Opened in 2012, the recycling warehouse is 668 square metres—112 square metres devoted to receiving and rough sorting, 278 to processing donations for the thrift store and 278 to recycling. The Army recycles textiles (e.g. clothing, bedding, curtains), electronics and metals. When they are received, the textiles are sorted by type and grade and then baled in 27,216-kilogram bundles. Those bundles are tendered to various textile recyclers across North America, who bid on the product; the highest bid gets the load. These textile recyclers further sort and refine these bundles into 45-kilogram bales, which are sent overseas and then can be purchased by locals who remarket the material in their own communities. The electronics are palletized and sent to Encorp, the province’s recycling program, and the metals are recycled locally in Prince George.

The warehouse tries to ensure that no product goes to waste. “When we have donors who are giving us all kinds of stuff from their houses, donor intent is that we’re going to make the most of the donation,” Captain Wilkinson says. “Even if it’s something that may not be intrinsically of value for one of our thrift stores, I think that we still have an obligation to honour donor intent and make the most of that donation, not just dispose of it because we can’t use it.” Managing the Earth While the corps in Prince George has been recycling for many years, the warehouse allows them to recycle much more than they were able to previously. When the corps opened its recycling warehouse three years ago, it was in response to an overwhelming amount of donations. “We have excellent support from the community, and we’re always trying to build more awareness within the community,” he says. “The more people who know about the recycling efforts of the Army, the more people can support us and the more product can be processed. This means more protection for the environment and more revenue for us for the community work that we do.” As Prince George continues its commitment to protecting the environment, Captain Wilkinson hopes that green initiatives will continue to be embraced by the wider Salvation Army. “When it comes to managing the earth, I think stewardship is particularly important because, how long before the next generation starts digging up our landfills?” he says. “The garbage that we bury—where does it go? It can be recycled. We can only keep burying stuff in the ground for so long before it becomes a very big problem.” Recycling by the Numbers • Across Canada, The Salvation Army operates 255 thrift stores • 1 45 are operated by corps • 1 10 are run by National Recycling Operations (NRO) Last year, NRO thrift stores: • Made over $88.3 million in sales • Diverted 30.5 million kilograms of household waste from local landfills • Raised $73,068.52 and sent 332 kids to camp Salvationist • April 2015 • 17

The Autism Puzzle Seven ways to effectively minister to children and families living with this disorder

Photo: ©



pril 2, 2015, is the eighth a n nu a l Worl d Aut i s m Awareness Day. According to the Autism Society of Canada, autism is the most common developmental disability affecting children in our country today. If your corps has any type of children’s ministry, it is likely that at some point you will interact with a family living with the realities of autism, making awareness an important tool for effective ministry. Autism is a general term commonly used to refer to what is actually a group of complex disorders of brain development known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD. It is identified as a spectrum disorder because ASD affects the behaviour, social interactions and communication skills of each individual differently. And because each child with autism is unique, it can be difficult for youth and ministry leaders to figure out how to support these children and their families. So what are the pieces of the puzzle to minister effectively? While I certainly don’t claim to be 18 • April 2015 • Salvationist

an expert on the subject, as both a corps officer and a parent of a child on the spectrum, I can offer some suggestions for involving children with ASD in your corps’ ministry programs and providing an environment of inclusion for the whole family. Here is what my experiences have taught me. 1. Start with the parents. Typically, the parents are the best source of information to help you understand the child’s needs. They can tell you what their child’s strengths and interests are and what kinds of supports the child (and the family) may need to allow them to become an active part of your church family. Ask specifically about likes and dislikes and what may cause anxiety or challenges for the child. Make sure that anyone who will be working with the child is aware of these things. 2. Identify one or two specific leaders or volunteers to work with the child. This doesn’t necessarily have to be someone with a lot of knowledge or experience

with ASD, just someone who is willing to get to know the child and work one-on-one with them—ideally for the long haul. Many children with ASD struggle to form social bonds so it may take some time, but if the adult is patient and allows the child to set the pace, it is often possible to make a meaningful connection. Alternatively, the family may already have a worker who could attend programs with the child. 3. Be aware that changes can significantly impact a child with ASD. Many children with ASD are creatures of habit—even more so than the rest of us. This means that if the child is accustomed to a program taking place with a specific schedule, in a certain location or with the same leaders each week, and something unexpectedly changes, it can be extremely difficult for the child to navigate and adjust to new circumstances. Of course, change is sometimes unavoidable, but being aware that this could create anxiety for the child with ASD will allow leaders to be intentional

in looking for ways to minimize the impact. Often, simply making the child aware of an upcoming change is enough to ease the anxiety. 4. Focus on the abilities rather than the disabilities. One of the world’s leading autism advocacy organizations, Autism Speaks, points out that many of those on the autism spectrum have exceptional or distinctive abilities. These can include strong memory skills, exceptional intelligence, or special giftings in musical or artistic ability. Many children with ASD also have special interests, so find out where their strengths lie and look for ways to encourage these abilities. 5. Foster a culture of inclusion with other children and families. Most of us will remember the days when kids who didn’t fit the “norm” were segregated in our schools, but these days many children with ASD are integrated into regular classrooms with their peers. Generally speaking, there is greater awareness and acceptance now. There are also lots of great books available for helping our “neuro-typical” kids gain a greater understanding of those with intellectual and developmental disabilities. I recommend discussing it with parents first, but don’t be afraid to talk with the other children about how they can include the child with ASD in their activities. My own experiences have taught me that kids are often better than adults at looking beyond the disability. Another piece of the puzzle to consider is how we can support these families beyond the walls of our church buildings. Part of belonging to a body of believers is caring for each other in our day-to-day lives. When someone in our church is ill or experiences loss, we visit them, cook meals or offer other practical support. Having a child with ASD affects the entire family and while the degree of the challenges will vary greatly from family to family, there are some excellent ways we can offer support. 6. Ask “how can I help?” Parents of children with ASD have busy lives with doctors’ appointments, meetings with school support teams and therapy schedules filling up the calendar. Advocating for and meeting the needs of a child with a developmental disability can be both physically and emotionally draining, and many parents of children with ASD find it difficult to relax or take time for

Lt Kristen Gray and her son, Josh

As Christians, we must be intentional in breaking down barriers to ensure that every child knows about and experiences the love of Jesus, regardless of their abilities or disabilities themselves. So perhaps you can prepare a meal for the family on a day that is filled with appointments, or invite the mom or dad out for a cup of coffee and be intentional about asking how they are doing. And don’t forget about the other children in the family, who need to know they are cared for and important, too. 7. Be careful not to pass judgment. Not only do these children have a number of unique needs that must be attended to, but they also often struggle with expressing emotions appropriately, particularly

when social and sensory stimuli become overwhelming. And for a child with ASD, this can lead to emotional outbursts, inappropriate behaviours and social withdrawal. Nevertheless, every child deserves to be loved and accepted, so it is important that their church family is mindful of these challenges and works to be supportive of the child and the family, even when our ASD children don’t behave the way you think they should. Jesus said, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these” (Matthew 19:14). Our children are our future and every one of them is precious in the sight of Jesus. Therefore, as Christian believers, we must be intentional in breaking down barriers to ensure that every child knows about and experiences the love of Jesus, regardless of their abilities or disabilities. And educating ourselves about the unique needs of all the children we serve will only give us greater opportunities to live out our Salvationist mission to share the love of Jesus Christ, meet human needs and be a transforming influence in the communities of our world. Lieutenant Kristen Gray is the corps officer at Essex Community Church, Ont. Salvationist • April 2015 • 19

Trade Start helps at-risk youth find a better path

Photos: Kristin Ostensen



hey’re the kids you’ve probably written off. Most are highschool dropouts. Some have had problems with drugs and alcohol. None are employed. They are who come to mind when you hear the phrase “at-risk youth.” But at Trade Start, none of those labels apply. When I visited the program, which is operated by The Salvation Army in Wiarton, Ont., most of them had only been in the woodshop for a week, but they were naturals—measuring the wood with concentration and then cutting with precision, hammering the pieces together to build doghouses and garbage bins. 20 • April 2015 • Salvationist

Working together, Trade Start participants Richard Millette and Kristian Stanish add a roof to a doghouse

Trade Start provides a path forward for youth who are struggling to find the right one. “I wake up in the mornings and say, ‘Yeah, I get to go to work,’ ” says Kristian Stanish, 16, who is taking part in Trade Start. “I don’t have to sit down in a classroom with a pen and paper, and have to write everything the teacher’s saying. You get told what you have to do, what cuts you have to make, and then you do it. It’s pretty cool.” Youth of Promise Trade Start, a 20-week carpenter’s assistant program, is in the middle of its first official run, after a successful eight-week

pilot project ran from September to November 2014. When I arrive at the corps, I’m greeted warmly by Captain Mary Millar, corps officer at Wiarton Community Church, who takes me on a tour of the corps as she explains the origins of the program. “In those preliminary days, we thought this program probably wouldn’t be accepted because … high-risk kids with power tools,” she laughs, before taking a more serious tone. “We started this pilot project, we chose eight kids and we thought it would be really great if two or three of them made it.” She pauses. “All of them made

it. But they didn’t just make it—they had 95 percent attendance. It’s surpassed our expectations.” Located three-hours drive northwest of Toronto, Wiarton is a community of about 2,300 people, near the large Cape Croker First Nations reserve. The lakeside town is picturesque, but Captain Millar sees a different reality. “Fifty-seven percent of the children in this area live in poverty—the Ontario average is 17 percent,” she explains. “At The Salvation Army, every day we are seeing the circumstances of people who are stuck. And we can offer emergency assistance, but what they really need is a training program, a vehicle to lift them out of the place where they are at.” Trade Start can be that vehicle. “The vice-principal of the local school recently said, ‘We’re not going to call them youth at risk anymore— they’re youth of promise.’ And I love that line,” says Captain Millar. “But due to the situations that poverty often brings with it—the oppression, disappointment, negativity and darkness—it is not as easy for them to keep up. And so they need a different kind of support, which Trade Start offers.” “The goal of Trade Start is to take students who have fallen through the cracks in one way or another and teach them skills and make them employable,” says Scott Concordia, program co-ordinator. “It’s a kick-start in the right direction.” Hands-On Help Captain Millar brings me into the lunch room where six young men are eating. The menu today is meatballs, mashed potatoes and veggies, prepared by the corps’ hospitality training program. Both programs benefit from this synergy— one group gets much-needed experience with cooking and serving, while the other gets a nutritious meal. “During the pilot project, we noticed that a lot of the students were coming with no food, or very little food,” says Concordia. “As much as I tell them to pack a lunch every day, they can’t if the food is not there for them at home. So this time around, we decided to take on a bit of the First Nations culture and sit together and feast at lunch time, all at one table.” The program runs from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday to Thursday, and most of that time is spent in the furniture workshop where they learn carpentry skills hands-on. But they have

Eric Bertrand, Wolf Squires and Scott Concordia, program co-ordinator, cut wood to build doghouses

some in-class time as well, learning WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System) and occupational health and safety, as well as basic math and how to read drawings for measurements. Going beyond si mply t r a i n i ng them for carpent r y, Trade St art also includes a life Jake Stott improves his carpentry skills at Trade Start skills component, teaching students basic budgeting and that I was natural at it,” he smiles. “I financial literacy. “We want them to was pretty much sitting at home, doing be well-rounded, so when the oppornothing, until I found this course.” tunity comes, they succeed,” explains After completing the eight-week proConcordia. gram, Stott feels sure that carpentry is what he wants to do for a career. The Guys “Scott said that, once we finish, Of the group who participated in the they’re going to find us work with conpilot project, three have returned to tractors who are willing to take us on,” Trade Start to further develop their he says. “So I’m the first one who’s going skills. One of them is Jake Stott, 16, who to be getting a job.” stopped attending school about a year Finding steady work is also the key and a half ago. motivating factor for Wolf Squires, 19. “A truancy officer took me up to He was looking for a job when his cousin the school—they were talking about told him about the program. me going back to school, because I was “I met with Scott at Tim Hortons and going to get charged with truancy,” he he told me all about it,” he says. “He shares. “Scott called during a meeting, seemed like a really easy-going guy. It and asked if there were students at the seems like he’s really in it to help people school who’d be interested in the course. get what they need from the program.” They asked me if I wanted to try that, “I come at them with complete honand I said yeah.” esty,” says Concordia. “I meet them on Stott had a little experience in contheir level and I share my passion with struction from doing some roofing with them, but I don’t come at them like a his uncle, so it was a good fit. “They said typical schoolteacher. I come at them Salvationist • April 2015 • 21

as a partner and a friend.” As with Stott, Squires did not complete high school. “It’s kind of hard to go to school now because my girlfriend’s pregnant and I have to help her out at the house,” he explains. On the day I meet with him, his girlfriend is 19 weeks along. He joined Trade Start with the hope that it would enable him to become a better provider. “I want to be able to help out a lot more,” he says. Squires tells me that getting out of the house and being productive at Trade Start has helped him feel better about himself. “At the end of the day, you definitely feel a sense of accomplishment, because you look back at what you did today, seeing that you built doghouses and garbage bins,” he says. “It feels pretty good.” When we go to the furniture workshop after lunch, the group is working on three doghouses, which are at various stages of completion. At Trade Start, building is a team effort—some of them hammer nails, while others cut wood, measure or add shingles. The doghouses are preparation for the group’s major project—to build 8’ x 10’ sheds. These sheds, along with everything else the group makes, will be sold in the community. “After we sell the products, the money goes back to The Salvation Army, to help fund the program,” explains Concordia. On the day I visit, Trade Start has already pre-sold six sheds, and they have a partnership with the local Home Hardware to help them sell even more.

belongs to John Foris, who volunteers with The Salvation Army. The wood the group uses to make doghouses and benches comes from local factories, who donate their skids. And the program receives support from the Cape Croker First Nations, who sponsor the cost of supplies—such as boots and tools—for First Nations students. In this group, six of the nine students are from Cape Croker. “We have the whole community behind us—that’s what’s so amazing,” says Captain Millar. “We couldn’t do it without that.”

A New Hope More than a skills-training program, Trade Start is about helping participants see themselves—and their potential— differently. “They don’t have anyone believing in them,” says Concordia. “People are

“People are always pointing out how bad they are. We’re on the other side, pointing out all the good things they do and what they have to offer”

Trade Start also operates in conjunction with the local school, which treats it as a co-op program. Four of the participants in this session will receive high school credit for completing Trade Start. Stanish, who is currently in Grade 11, was encouraged to join Trade Start by his school guidance counsellor. “She saw how well I was doing with woodworking class, and she knows how much I like to be more active, instead It Takes a Village of sitting down,” he says. “She told me Community partnerships are crucial to Trade Start was all day, that you didn’t the success of Trade Start. The furniture get to sit down—all you did was work. shop where the students learn the trade And I thought that was great. There isn’t even a chair to sit down on—you don’t need to.” Though Stanish has had success with various shop classes, overall he’s had difficulty with school. “It’s trouble focusing, mainly,” he says. “I have ADHD so it’s hard for me to just sit there.” Fo r S t a n i s h , Trade Start gives The group shows off their progress on several doghouses at the furniture him a chance to put workshop his abilities—and 22 • April 2015 • Salvationist

his creativity—to work. “When I go to Trade Start, it’s like, I just built this doghouse in a day,” he says. “If I was at home, there’s no way I’d do that in my spare time. But then I look at it and think, I want to do this more often.”

always pointing out how bad they are. We’re on the other side, pointing out all the good things they do and what they have to offer.” Captain Millar tells me that one 17-year-old who participated in the pilot project was suicidal when he came to Trade Start. “He had been through so much—addictions, abandonment, you name it,” she says. “He was the highest-risk boy, but he became the prize student.” That student, she adds, is no longer suicidal and is interested in coming back to Trade Start to further develop his skills. “These are young people who’ve lost their hope—and now they are filled with hope,” Captain Millar notes. “We feel very confident that there are going to be great victories ahead.” With the exception of one participant from the pilot project, none of the Trade Start students have had any prior experience with The Salvation Army. “It’s such a privilege to speak into their lives,” concludes Captain Millar. “After the pilot project, the school principal said to me, ‘What happened with the kids in that program was magic.’ But it’s not magic—it’s Jesus. He wants to help people to be fruitful, to be using their gifts and talents. These young people are creating things and it’s healing them.”


Spiritual Leadership

Commissioner William Francis shares ministry lessons in new book REVIEW BY MAJOR GLENYS PILGRIM


ommissioner William Francis’ Building Blocks of Spiritual Leadership is an essential tool for aspiring and seasoned Christian leaders. Its concise writings on numerous aspects of leadership are inviting and invasive, practical and personal, and call for both action and reflection. The book is divided into several “to the point” segments covering a broad spectrum of topics, from self-disciplined leadership to visionary, from servant leadership to radical. There is also a section at the end that provides valuable advice from a leader who has testdriven the product. Commissioner Francis has extracted the elements of this book from leadership principles that have been refined in his own ministry. Just as these principles have shaped his ministry practices, so he is hopeful of relaying the basics of spiritual leadership to the reader. Commissioner Francis has ensured that each principle rests on the solid foundation of the Bible, providing Scripture as a resource for defining and shaping Christian leadership. He also includes verses from hymns, which enhance the book with a devotional component, along with a splash of carefully chosen quotations from “spiritual giants” such as Henri Nouwen, J. Oswald Sanders, Samuel Logan Brengle, Dietrich Bonhoeffer and others. The quality and content of Building Blocks of Spiritual Leadership make it a valuable tool for ministry teams, mission boards, officers, pastors and any who desire to hone their leadership skills and develop into excellent leaders. After serving as an officer for more than 25 years, I found this book to be thought-provoking, heart-warming and soul-stirring. Don’t be fooled by the size of the book—it’s a small book that carries a big punch. The condensed chapters will appeal to busy, on-the-go leaders. Commissioner Francis has extended his leadership reach with the impact and influence of Building Blocks of Spiritual Leadership. Though there are numerous books on spiritual leadership, this new book can take its rightful place among the greats. Major Glenys Pilgrim is director of personnel at the College for Officer Training in Winnipeg.

IN REVIEW Conversations with the Catholic Church

In December 2014, General André Cox was privileged to meet His Holiness Pope Francis at the Vatican for the first private meeting between a Salvation Army General and a Pope. In the years prior to this meeting, there were a number of informal conversations between Salvation Army and Catholic Church leaders, which are captured in a new book, Conversations with the Catholic Church. This book provides a record of the papers presented during several meetings that took place between 2007 and 2012. These papers cover such topics as social justice, the nature of salvation, the theology of sanctification and the theology of mission. Along with forewords from Bishop Brian Farrell and Commissioner William Francis, the book provides a final report with a summary of the conversations and recommendations.

A.D.: Beyond the Bible

A.D.: Beyond the Bible, a sequel to the popular The Bible miniseries, will premiere on NBC this Easter Sunday. As the title suggests, the series will pick up where The Bible left off—with the Crucifixion of Christ. The new series follows the lives of King Herod’s family, Roman politicians, temple priests and Jesus’ disciples, and shows how deeply the death of Jesus affected those in Jerusalem and beyond. The politicians of the era must grapple with civil unrest and rumours of Christ’s Resurrection, while the apostles begin their ministry of spreading the gospel, despite concerns that they will be hunted and killed if they continue to preach in Jesus’ name.

Noah’s Ark

A VeggieTales film The classic story of Noah and the ark is explored in a new VeggieTales film, now available on DVD. Noah’s Ark stars Pa Grape as Noah, while Let’s Make a Deal host Wayne Brady provides the voice of Noah’s son, Shem, and Christian pop singer Jaci Velasquez voices Shem’s wife, Sadie. A musical, Noah’s Ark features seven original songs, as well as a new “Silly Song” with Larry the Cucumber. In the film, Noah has obeyed God’s instructions to build an ark and is gathering animals into his boat when Shem and Sadie return from their honeymoon. At first, Shem questions his father’s actions and his faith when the waters don’t come, but eventually learns to put his trust in God. Salvationist • April 2015 • 23



TORONTO—As an extension of their faith in Christ, nine people have been enrolled as senior soldiers at Etobicoke Temple. Front, from left, Gloria Fulford, Robert Fulford, Sue Dickson, Manisha Nadiawala, Reginold Nadiawala, George Brown and Samson Otoo, senior soldiers. Supporting

them are, back, from left, Mjr Kester Trim, CO; Mjr Eric Bond, then interim DC, Ont. CE Div; Mjr Kathryn Trim, CO; Randy Peddle, colour sergeant; and Col David Gruer and Pamela Westover, preparation class instructors. ABOVE RIGHT: From left, Raquel Alvarez and Paola Alvarez, senior soldiers.

SUSSEX, N.B.—Sussex CC recognizes its newest community care ministries members following a training course led by Mjr Winnie Perrin, CCMS. Back, from left, Wendy Virtue, holding the flag; Wayne Murphy; Lee Nelson; Ray Mallory; Stephen Parlee; Patsy Parlee; Warren Shufelt; Ernie Nelson and Nathan Nagle. Middle, from left, Peggy Yetman, Pam Nelson, Karenann Murphy, Anne Mallory, Alison Luckett, Mary Boyd, Jan Shufelt and Carolyn Nagle. Front, from left, Mjr Wilson Perrin, DSBA, Maritime Div; Mjr Winnie Perrin; and Mjrs Judy and Stan Folkins, COs.

TORONTO—Jim Michie is commissioned as the corps sergeant-major at Etobicoke Temple. With him are Mjrs Kester and Kathryn Trim, COs, and Randy Peddle, colour sergeant.

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TORONTO—Tyler Fulford and Victoria Court, Etobicoke Temple’s newest junior soldiers, are eager to carry the Army flag into the future.

HALIFAX—Shawn Oulton is the newest junior soldier at Fairview Citadel. With him are, from left, Cpt Jamie Rands, CO; CSM Jerry Porter, holding the flag; Mikaela Oulton, Shawn’s sister; Ronalda and Murray Oulton, Shawn’s parents; Mjr Joyce Stuckless, Shawn’s grandmother, who enrolled him as a junior soldier; YPSM Carrie Haggett and Cpt Shelly Rands, CO.

SASKATOON—Saskatoon Temple congratulates the men and women who completed training sessions in emergency and disaster services. From left, Natalie Austin; Craig Botham; Peter Prosofsky; Nadine Lazenby; Mjr Gerald Reilly, CO, Saskatoon Temple; Rod Lazenby; Glenna Cryderman; Nathan Regamey; Debra Prosofsky; and Mjr Laurie Reilly, CO, Saskatoon Temple.

WINDSOR, ONT.—Two soldiers and three adherents are enrolled and welcomed to the corps fellowship at South Windsor. From left, Mjr Scott Rideout, CO; Devin Feltham, Joshua Rideout, senior soldiers; Steve Wilders, adherent; Bruce Dalrymple, colour sergeant; Hua Zhang, Anna Kanavins, adherents; and Mjr Michelle Rideout, CO.


TERRITORIAL Promoted to major Cpt Mary Avendeño Long Service—25 years Mjr Catherine Burrows, Mjr Leslie Burrows Long service—30 years Mjr Lorne Pritchett Promoted to glory Mjr James Thompson, from Toronto, Jan 21; Mjr Harold Kennedy, from Windsor, Ont., Jan 24; Lt-Col John Ham, from Mississauga, Ont., Jan 26; Brg Mrs Bubsie Hopkinson, from Vancouver, Feb 3; Mjr Margaret MacMillan, from Leamington, Ont., Feb 4

BURLINGTON, ONT.—Proudly displaying certificates marking their enrolment as junior soldiers at Burlington CC are, from left, Harrison Williams, Jack Lewis, Jonathan Hudgins and Joshua Thomas. Supporting them are Cpts Ron and Judi Wickens, COs.


Commissioner Susan McMillan Apr 5 Easter Sunday, Meadowlands, Ancaster, Ont.; Apr 7-8 EFC denominational leaders’ retreat, JPCC; Apr 18 divisional leadership development event, London, Ont. GL Div; Apr 20-21 National Prayer Breakfast and Dinner, Ottawa; Apr 25-26 spring convocation, Booth University College, Winnipeg Colonels Mark and Sharon Tillsley Apr 3-5 Easter weekend, Halifax; Apr 25-27 spring convocation and board of trustees, Booth University College, Winnipeg; Apr 28-29 CFOT review, Winnipeg General Bramwell Tillsley (Rtd) Apr 6 Georgina CC, Jackson’s Point, Ont.

HORWOOD, N.L.—Members of what is believed to be the first CCM group in the history of Horwood Corps display gift baskets distributed to shut-ins and nursing-home residents in George’s Point, Gander Bay, N.L., during this past Christmas season. From left, Metabelle Edwards; Ruby Froude; Olive Budden; Mjr Ella Hiscock, CO; Sonia Nippard; Gladys Hart; Kimberly Barnes; and Sybil Noble. Salvationist • April 2015 • 25


TRIBUTES TORONTO—Brigadier Frances Mildred (Tackaberry) Butler was born in 1916 to a Salvationist family from Montreal Citadel and was promoted to glory at the age of 98. Called to serve as a Salvation Army officer, Mildred entered the training college in 1938 following her graduation from the nurses’ training program at Montreal’s Catherine Booth Hospital. She served in the then Nova Scotia Division in corps and at divisional headquarters, and in centres in the then Quebec and Ontario East Division. Mildred’s training as a nurse was used as she ministered at Bethesda Hospital in London, Ont., Catherine Booth Hospital in Montreal and Grace Haven in Regina. She served as the director of nursing at Evangeline Home and Hospital in Saint John, N.B., before her appointment to the Girls’ Home in Winnipeg. Mildred’s career in health care continued as she served as the superintendent of four Salvation Army centres, namely Florence Booth Home in Fort William, Ont., Grace Haven in Montreal, Bethany Home in Toronto, and Sunset Lodge in Orillia, Ont., from where she retired in 1976. Mildred married Brigadier Reg Butler in 1986. She is fondly remembered by her sister-in-law, Ellen; stepsons Dale and Lorne; stepdaughter, Marion; nieces and nephews and all of their families. VANCOUVER—Major Bradley Smith was born in Chatham, Ont., in 1954, and grew up attending London South Corps where he was involved in youth work and banding. In 1975, he married Mary Hillman and together they entered the training college in Toronto. Commissioned in 1978, they served in corps appointments at The Pas, Man., Harbour Light, Hamilton, Bermuda, North Bay and Gananoque, Ont., Portage La Prairie, Man., Medicine Hat, Alta., and Richmond, B.C. In five of these locations, the corps engaged in building projects, including major additions in the last three appointments. Brad was a band member, a successful administrator, especially handling kettle campaigns, a wonderful pastor and preacher, and a Rotarian for 36 years. Some said Brad had a telephone attached to his ear, as he was constantly in touch with people to let them know he cared and was keeping them in prayer. He had a powerful sense of humour and was a great master of ceremonies. Unexpectedly promoted to glory while serving as an active officer, Brad is missed by Mary, his cherished wife of 39 years; children Andrew, Sarah and Michael; grandchildren Madison, Noah and Owen; and sisters Eileen, Barb and Janelle. VANCOUVER—Major Ruth Phelan (nee Murray) was born in Prince Albert, Sask., and moved with her family to Flin Flon, Man., where she was a leader in the Band of Love and corps welcome sergeant at the age of 14. Following high school, Ruth worked at the Bank of Commerce and then as corps assistant in a First Nations village in northern British Columbia. Commissioned in the Heralds Session in 1953, she served in corps in Toronto, Melville, Sask., and Norwood, Man., and as divisional cashier and bookkeeper in Saint John, N.B. Ruth married Lieutenant John Phelan in 1960, and they served together in 11 corps from British Columbia to Quebec, at territorial headquarters in Toronto where Ruth assisted at the Army’s Heritage Centre, as assistant administrators at the Toronto Men’s Hostel and Eventide Homes in Kitchener, Ont., and Montreal, and as directors of family services in Victoria and Regina. In retirement, Ruth and John were “pastors at sea” on cruise ships, directed the Christmas effort in locations in Canada and the United States, and ministered as corps officers in Palm Springs, California. Ruth is survived by sisters Eva (Peter) Ferguson, Marlene (Walter) Nordholm and Joyce Watanabe; nieces, nephews and cousins.

Guidelines for Tributes

Tributes should be received within two months of the promotion to glory and include: community where the person resided; conversion to Christ; corps involvement; Christian ministry; survivors. We reserve the right to edit all submissions. High-resolution digital photos or clear, original photos are acceptable (original photos will be returned). 26 • April 2015 • Salvationist

NAPANEE, ONT.—Major Frederick Howard Mills passed into the presence of God during his 86th year. Born in Yarmouth, N.S., Fred was a loving husband, father, grandfather, uncle, teacher and friend. Following his commissioning as a Salvation Army officer in Toronto, he married Doreen Stanway, his wife of 62 years. Their ministry took them to northern British Columbia, Newfoundland and Kingston, Jamaica. Fred was equipped for ministries in the correctional, educational and social branches of The Salvation Army by his love for God and completion of three degree programs, namely a bachelor of arts, a bachelor of theology and a master of education. Fred was a dignified man who taught creatively and by example. After retirement, he and Doreen moved to Amherstview, Ont., where Fred enjoyed hunting, fishing and spending time with his grandchildren. His family and friends remember and miss him as a compassionate and caring gentleman. SYDNEY MINES, N.S.— Promoted to glory at the age of 93, Evelyn Frances (Crowell) Lamond first attended The Salvation Army in Truro, N.S., at the age of 12. Her life became a consistent witness for the Lord as she served him through the Army, first as an officer commissioned in 1942 in the Steadfast Session and then as a soldier of Sydney Mines Corps, where she was the young people’s sergeant-major, corps sergeant-major, recruiting sergeant and league of mercy sergeant. For almost 50 years, Evelyn was a brownie leader and organized the divisional brownie camp at Scotian Glen Camp in the Maritime Division. She regularly visited local hospitals to pray with patients and their families, and to distribute The War Cry (later Faith & Friends). Evelyn used her organizational skills for the annual Red Shield Appeal, during which her ability to recruit volunteers spoke of the many connections she had with the community. A gifted preacher, she was often a guest speaker at various denominations. In recognition of her faithful service, Evelyn received the Army’s Exceptional Service Award in 2005. Evelyn’s memory is cherished by her daughters, Nancy Masters and Diane van der Horden, and all who loved her. TORONTO—Major James Thompson was born in Halifax in 1925, at his home which was located across the street from the Salvation Army citadel. Following high school, James moved to Fredericton where he joined the Canadian Army. Released from military service for health reasons, he was employed in shoe manufacturing in Fredericton, where he met and married Clara. James continued his education studying business administration and accounting. In 1957, James and Clara became the corps leaders in Midland, Ont., and then entered the training college. Commissioned in 1959 in the Pioneer Session, they held appointments throughout Canada. James continued his educational pursuits, completing a bachelor of theology. An appointment to the House of Concord in Ontario preceded James’ final five years of service as the territorial auditor at territorial headquarters in Toronto. Throughout his ministry, he touched many lives with his unwavering love of the Lord. Left to mourn are his son, Murray (Barb); daughter, Linda (Ken); grandchildren Greg (Angela), Elizabeth (John), Shelly (Bob), Tracy (Mike) and Bobbi (Ram); great-grandchildren Maddie, Hannah, Andrew, Connor, Carleigh, Dylan, Christian and Adam; and sister, Eva Crocker (Richard).


in Salvationist and online at For rates contact or visit today!


Holy Ground

encountered God in the burning bush, he was instructed to remove his sandals because the place on which he was standing was “holy ground” (Exodus 3:5 NRSV). The ground was different—holy—because of its association in this moment with God. And here is a clue to the meaning of holiness. It means to be different, distinct, unique. When God is called holy, we ask, “In what sense is the God of the Bible unique?” Each biblical book offers its own response. The cumulative effect, however, portrays this holy God, incarnate in Christ Jesus, as One whose character is wholly distinct: The Holy One. And this holds great significance for how we interpret and live out our common life. For instance, one psalmist praises God for being “mindful” of human beings (Psalm 8:4). God is not distracted by his iPad when we pray. In her book, Distracted, Maggie Jackson explores the nature of distraction in our own age: “The way we live is eroding our capacity for deep, sustained, perceptive attention—the building block of intimacy, wisdom and cultural progress…. Put most simply, attention defines us and is the bedrock of society…. Yet, increasingly we are shaped by distraction.” God’s character is marked by attentiveness. And the character of a holy people will be marked by attentiveness to God and others. We will bring our focused attention to worship and not check our digital devices between songs. We will engage in conversation with friends and set aside our cellphones. The degree to which we listen deeply will reflect our understanding of the holy God who is mindful of us. A holy people will be attentive, not distracted. Holiness is a matter of the heart. It’s also a matter of justice. The former director of the International Social Justice Commission, Colonel Geanette Seymour, argues that “social justice is actually the practice of Salvationist holiness, living a life that is socially just and encouraging others to do likewise” (Salvationist, January 2015). Holiness asks how our practice of justice is grounded in God’s charater. A few months ago, the lead article in Maclean’s magazine portrayed Winnipeg as “Canada’s Most Racist City.” I live in this city. I feel its accusation. The practice of holiness means that Salvationists in this city will live in ways that are “socially just,” both personally and corporately. For my congregation, it means mounting a backpack program so children in our neighbourhood can begin school on a level playing field. For our correctional and justice services, it means running a SNOW night—Safe Night Off Winnipeg streets—for the women of this city. For me, it means that I respect my Jewish, Sikh and Muslim colleagues on the board of the Manitoba Multifaith Council. Holiness means we will live in socially just ways. “You shall be holy, for I am holy.” Here is the charter doctrine of The Salvation Army. Here is the core conviction by which we become “a transformative influence in the communities of our world.”

How our 10th doctrine defines us

Illustration: ©



The Salvation Army has been shaped by its core convictions,

called doctrines. But what difference do they make to the life of

Salvationists in the 21st century? This book explores the relevance and contribution of these historic doctrines for the present age. It argues that each doctrine has something vital to contribute to the Army’s

understanding and practice of holiness. These convictions matter!

“In articulating and reflecting on the core convictions that guide the work of The Salvation Army and hold its communal life together,

Ray Harris has achieved that elusive but essential balance between accessibility and depth. He has put the doctrines of the Army in

conversation with the Salvationist understanding of holiness for the purpose of engaging the future.”

—The Rev. Dr. Karen Hamilton, General Secretary, The Canadian Council of Churches

“Doctrines are not monuments to the past, but living testimonies to

Major Ray Harris is a retired Salvation Army officer. He lives in Winnipeg where he is preparing to welcome the geese back to Assiniboine Park.


hile all Salvation Army core convictions are important, the 10th doctrine could be considered our defining doctrine. Indeed, biblical scholar Dr. Roger Green argues that this is “the doctrine by which we interpret and live out our common life.” It is called the doctrine of holiness: We believe that it is the privilege of all believers to be wholly sanctified, and that their whole spirit and soul and body may be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. Since little is mentioned in the ancient creeds of the church about sanctification, it’s instructive to ask why it was included in the Army’s core convictions. It has much to do with the insistence of our Methodist roots upon real change in Christian believers. The Reformation emphasized the new relationship established with God by virtue of the life, death and Resurrection of Christ. Justification became its signature concept. Without denying this important aspect of salvation, John Wesley insisted that justification must bring about a change in the way believers lived. The biblical term is sanctification. This doctrine expresses the conviction that our character should reflect God’s character, both personally and communally. Wholly sanctified! “You shall be holy, for I am holy” (Leviticus 11:45 NRSV). Since the word holy is easily misunderstood, it’s helpful to consider its biblical background. For instance, when Moses

the present and hopeful signs of the future. Ray Harris adeptly looks at the formation of our doctrines [and] speaks about those doctrines with clarity and purpose [using] a wide range of sources, which

will enrich the doctrinal conversation of the Army with the broader theological world.”

—Dr. Roger J. Green, Professor and Chair of Biblical Studies and Christian Ministries, Terrelle B. Crum Chair of Humanities, Gordon College, Wenham, Massachusetts

Canada and Bermuda Territory

9 780888 575081

RELIGION / The Salvation Army / Church & Doctrine

cover_final_newblue.indd 1

The Function of Salvation Army Doctrines RAY HARRIS

ISBN: 978-0-88857-508-1

Ray Harris is a Salvation Army officer in the Canada and Bermuda Territory. He and his wife, Cathie, have served across Canada in various congregational, college and administrative appointments. In the course of his officership, Ray received the Doctor of Ministry degree from Regis College, Toronto School of Theology, with an emphasis on curriculum design in theological education. He lives in Winnipeg where he enjoys family, baking muffins, singing Charles Wesley hymns and running in a prairie winter.


2014-04-08 8:54 AM

Convictions Matter, Major Ray Harris’ book, is available at store.salvationarmy. ca, 416-422-6100, orderdesk@can. For the e-book, visit Salvationist • April 2015 • 27


With a Vengeance

Should some crimes have no possibility of parole?

Photo: ©



n late January, the federal government announced it is crafting legislation that would mean some criminals will have no hope of freedom from prison. The new law would apply to a few classifications of those imprisoned for firstdegree murder, such as killers of police and prison guards, anyone who murders during a sexual assault, kidnapping or act of terrorism, and for particularly vicious homicides. The punishment today for first-degree murder in Canada is a mandatory life sentence, but with the possibility for a parole board review after 25 years. A person with such a sentence who is granted parole must be supervised for life. While I agree with the notion that some people may never be safely reintegrated into society and we should protect our citizens from them, this announcement bothers me for several reasons. First, the law seems unnecessarily broad. Does the prime minister think that everyone who commits a crime like this is beyond hope of rehabilitation? Perhaps some are. As a society, are we unwilling to acknowledge that people change, that after 25 years an offender may be a different and 28 • April 2015 • Salvationist

better person? Certainly as Christians we believe in the possibility of transformation and a life turned around by repentance. But what I find most troubling is that I cannot see any solid rationale for introducing this law. It will not make our communities safer. After overseeing a federal halfway house program for four years, I can attest to the fact that parole boards turn down the worst cases. Offenders who are released have been identified by the board as having a strong potential to reintegrate into the community. Most offenders, such as those pinpointed by this new legislation, would have an extremely low rate of recidivism. Neither are there economic benefits to this proposal. While working in the halfway house program, I often heard that the cost of keeping offenders in prison was about four or five times more than the cost of housing them in a community residential facility. I cannot help but feel there is a degree of vengeance underpinning this new bill. Our crime rates have been steadily declining over the years, yet we are to believe that Canada must get tougher

on crime. If it is not necessary for financial reasons or because of concerns over decreasing safety, we must conclude that it is retaliatory. Perhaps what we have here is the re-emergence of the old “eye for an eye” mentality. I understand how violent crimes incite our passions. When someone acts inhumanely toward another person, often our reaction is to want them to experience something similar. I see this idea repeated in social media posts and pictures. Surprisingly, I notice that sometimes Christians are the ones affirming retribution. But retributive methods do not work. Nor are they promoted by Christ. I like how Eugene Peterson paraphrases Jesus’ words: “Here’s another old saying that deserves a second look: ‘Eye for eye, tooth for tooth.’ Is that going to get us anywhere? Here’s what I propose: ‘Don’t hit back at all.’ … No more tit-for-tat stuff. Live generously” (Matthew 5:38-42 The Message). That helps put this into our contemporary context. What does it mean to live generously? It is difficult to think of being generous to a person who has committed a violent act. But if we are only generous to our friends or those we like, what kingdom value is in that (see Matthew 5:46-47)? In Canada we have a criminal justice system, not a criminal vengeance system. The way we deal with people should be fair and appropriate for the crime. But we should never lose sight of the fact that all people are made in the image of God and have worth and dignity. Most Christian people in this country have no appetite for bringing back the death penalty. However, ensuring that a segment of society is condemned to a life devoid of hope, no matter what potential they may have, is only different from the death penalty in that it is a slower demise. Shouldn’t the church speak out and tell the government that vengeance is not ours? Don’t we want something better? Major Juan Burry is the executive director of Rotary Hospice House in Richmond, B.C.


Losing My Religion What to do if your child walks away from the church BY MAJOR KATHIE CHIU

Photo: ©


y daughter doesn’t want to come to church with us anymore. What can I do? As parents, we try to live in a way that communicates the love of God. Admittedly, we often fall short— especially at home, in our comfort zone. When we do, no one is more disappointed than we are. I mourn my mistakes, particularly when my children have front-row seats. But no matter how hard we try, no one is perfect. It’s normal to think we’re responsible for the paths our children choose, that it all depends on us. So when children walk away, not only from the church, but also from God, don’t we all wonder how the parents failed? It’s tempting to judge others and think there must be some dysfunction in the family. Of course, family dysfunction is the case for many Christians—just because we come to Christ doesn’t mean our emotional baggage gets unpacked in one fell swoop. When our children don’t follow the path we hoped for, there are as many reasons as there are kids. We have to consider their individual personalities, temperaments and intellect. Their experiences with the church will often have a profound effect on their spiritual development, as will their educational experiences. This leads me to the conclusion that, as a parent, I should go a little easier on myself. No two sets of circumstances are ever exactly the same, but there are some common denominators to consider. They get angry with God: “How could God let all the evil in the world happen?” “Why didn’t God heal my friend who died from cancer?” “My friend is gay, but the church says he’s a sinner. How can I believe in a God like that?” These are hard questions, even for pastors, who often deal with them. There is so much pain and frustration behind these questions. They don’t develop in a vacuum—something happens that triggers them. They get disillusioned: “My parents are ‘so-called’ Christians and they got divorced. Why should I follow their faith?” “The Christians I know are all hypocrites.” “My parents never have time for me. They put their church before me all the time.” Here’s the thing—we all know this to be true at times. Yes, Christians can be hypocritical. After all, we’re just human and make mistakes. Yes, sometimes Christians get divorced and for all kinds of reasons. It hurts the family and it hurts the witness of the church when we fail to live Spirit-filled lives and walk in holiness. Life can be like a train wreck when families get caught in the middle. Is there anything we can say or do when our teenager or young adult son or daughter tells us they’ve rejected our faith? In a Facebook group, a mom asked for advice and encouragement because her 18-year-old son had stopped attending church and was getting into some risky behaviour. She asked if they should pull the “house rules” and force him to attend church. The comments were interesting. It was almost 50/50, but a

few more leaned toward not forcing the issue. However, every commenter felt her pain. As parents, we all know what it’s like. Here are a few things we can do to help our children see Jesus for who he is. Demonstrate the love of Jesus. Let your children know you’ll be there for them no matter what. Our unconditional love is the kind of love the Father has for us. Respect them. Teenagers are developing their sense of self in relationship to the rest of the world. By 18, they are ready to head out on their own. We have to trust that we’ve given them the tools they need to make their own decisions—and not going to church might be one of them. Remember, our children are not an extension of us. They are their own unique selves, made in God’s image, with their own special gifts and talents. Don’t force the church on them. Their issue is likely with the church and other Christians. Forcing them to attend could have the opposite effect and we don’t want them to cut themselves off from us as well as God. I think it goes without saying, but I’ll say it anyway. Praying for them is the best thing we can do. And not just as parents— ask a group of trusted friends to pray with you and for you and your child as you journey together. I believe in what the Psalmist says:“The Lord is merciful and compassionate, very patient, and full of faithful love” (Psalm 145:8 CEB). Major Kathie Chiu grew up in The Salvation Army and has been an officer for 22 years. She has five children, including two teenaged boys still living at home, and eight grandchildren. She is the corps officer at Richmond Community Church, B.C. Salvationist • April 2015 • 29


In the Neighbourhood

Learning to see Jesus in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside BY NICOLE BRINDLE

30 • April 2015 • Salvationist

Photo: Chris Loh


few weeks before my 14th birthday, I threw a party when my mother was out. It didn’t create the friendships I was hoping for, but I did get a lot of people to come. I lost count at 50. It was like a scene right out of a movie—loud music, people all over the house, high-school seniors doing drugs I hadn’t even heard about. To top it off, someone knocked my mom’s ceramic golden retriever figurine off the shelf and it shattered. I managed to clean the house before my mom got back and thought I had gotten away with everything, until a concerned neighbour called. My mom, who was raising me on her own, had already noticed I was in trouble. My punishment was to attend the new youth group at the corps we sometimes attended. At the time, I thought it was the worst punishment ever! But Friday nights turned into Sunday mornings and Sunday mornings turned into several days a week. I went to music camp and youth councils. I had many opportunities to give my life to Christ and I wanted to be a Christian, but even though I was learning about God, I still didn’t believe in him. I kept searching and waiting. In January 2000, my youth pastor was invited to be the worship leader at a conference. I tagged along, wanting a fun weekend away, but I got so much more. The first thing we did was called “pray the Bible.” I felt a little out of place, so I found a spot at the back of the room to observe. I noticed the enthusiasm and conviction in the room and I was overcome by the presence of the Holy Spirit. Then came the moment. As people were praying, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honour and glory and blessing!” (Revelation 5:12 ESV), it hit me. I realized the Lamb is worthy and he is worthy of my life. In that moment, I experienced salvation through the regeneration of the Holy Spirit. That was 15 years ago. Since then, I

Nicole Brindle (right), director of discipleship at The War College, and Olivia Sharpe, a recent graduate of the program

Not only is God here … he has plans, hope and a future for my neighbours and for this neighbourhood have been on a journey of faith and living it out in Christian community. After high school, I moved to Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside to attend The War College for discipleship and evangelism training. When I arrived, I was insecure, wearing many masks to hide deeply rooted pain. The War College provided a place for me to experience healing and deliverance. And in the midst of my own healing, I got to play a part in ushering others toward freedom. The War College is located in a neighbourhood notorious for poverty, home-

lessness, drugs and prostitution, but I quickly began to see beauty here. As I met people who were addicted, lonely or prostituted, I began to see Jesus. One constant theme in my journey of faith has been the kingdom value of commitment. I have no plans to ever leave the Downtown Eastside. Is it all butterflies and rainbows? No. In fact, most days are hard and sometimes I wonder if God will ever breathe life into this place. But when I pray and I’m in the presence of the Lord, I’m convinced that not only is he here, but that he has plans, hope and a future for my neighbours and for this neighbourhood. My life is full of mission and adventure and I get to live out this adventure in Christian community, with an eclectic group of kingdom-minded people. Our life together is organic, messy and incarnational. I absolutely love what I do and the people I get to do it with. Nicole Brindle is the director of discipleship at The War College in Vancouver. You can connect with her at or on Twitter, Instagram or Vine @nicolebrindle.

BOUNDLESS the whole world redeeming

150th Anniversary | 1-5 July 2015 | London, UK 8th International Congress

COMMEMORATING THE PAST CELEBRATING THE PRESENT INNOVATING FOR THE FUTURE Featuring Music, Worship and Arts Groups from around the world, and a new Salvation Army musical, COVENANT FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT Preach to the nations the boundless riches of Christ Ephesians 3:8

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Salvationist - April 2015  
Salvationist - April 2015