Army Takes Action on World Poverty
PLUS Program Boosts Self-Esteem
Virtual Mess: When Bullying Goes Cyber
Salvationist The Voice of the Army
Army projects build up corps, break down barriers 1 I April 2012 I Salvationist
13TH ANNUAL SALVATION ARMY
GOLF CLASSIC SAVE THE DATE
Friday September 13, 2013 Angus Glen Golf Club, North Course For more information call Karen Knight at (416) 321-2654 x210
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Looking for more is what this book is all about—a massive jump into a boundless ocean of love. Take the plunge! Boundless: Living life in overflow, by Salvation Army officers Stephen Court and Danielle Strickland, is based on a song by Salvation Army Founder William Booth: “O boundless salvation.” In seven verses, Booth develops a story of a person who grows from a limited, stunted existence to a boundless life. Boundless is also designed to spark an evangelistic campaign that will reach thousands. The idea is simple. If you don’t experience this boundless salvation, then read and pray through the book. If you do, then think of some friends who don’t.
Pray for them daily for a month. Present them with a copy of the book. And then follow up with them two weeks later. Simple. Easy. But the effects could be boundless.
NOW AVAILABLE ON
2 I July 2013 I Salvationist
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July 2013 No. 86 www.salvationist.ca E-mail: email@example.com
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Departments 3 4 Editorial A World of Good by Geoff Moulton
24 Celebrate Community
4 Enrolments and recognition, tributes, gazette, calendar
28 The Storyteller
5 Around the Territory 20 Mission Matters
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A Sheep’s Worth by Major Fred Ash Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX
29 Spiritual Disciplines
Features 8 The Final Stretch Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX
With less than three years to go, the Millennium Development Goals are within reach. But why should we care if we achieve them? by Melissa Yue Wallace
12 Sizing Up the Cyberbully
Today’s bullies are heartless, online and virtually untraceable Surprised by God Savour the Saviour by Robert Jeffery PRODUCT FOREST STEWARDSHIP COUNCIL by Commissioner Brian PeddleLABELINGbyGUIDE Major David Ivany
22 Cross Culture
30 Ties That Bind
Caution: Tough Times Ahead by Major Kathie Chiu
14 Mission Accomplished
A five-year Canadian effort leaves behind a beacon of hope for Cuba by Christin Davis
An Army program helps people with mental illnesses develop job skills and self-confidence by Kristin Fryer
18 Isolated No More
Bleak statistics and a reputation for violence aren’t enough to keep the Army away from Thompson, Manitoba by Melissa Yue Wallace
21 Second Chance
Trapped in a burning car, Tom Ellwood’s life was literally hanging in the balance by Ken Ramstead
Photo and cover photo: Neil Leduke
Who Was That Masked Man? The Lone Ranger reminds us that doing good is its own reward
Salvation Army summer camp gives kids a break from the city
Grounds for Hope
By keeping a pot of coffee brewing, a Salvation Army thrift store in Toronto is changing lives
Norman Collins realized that, where God is concerned, we can come as we are
Share Your Faith When you finish reading Faith & Friends, FAITH & pull it out and give it to someone who needs to hear about Christ’s THE LONE RANGER life-changing power +
Inspiration for Living
Who was that masked man?
SALVATION ARMY SUMMER CAMP GIVES KIDS A WELCOME BREAK
Thrift store changes lives one cup at a time
Edge for Kids
• See pictures of young people as they are enrolled as junior soldiers • Enjoy puzzles, games, jokes, colouring and more!
Edge for Kids is an exciting weekly activity page published by The Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda for Summer S B V A UB children five to 12. UTAN Fun N E C C G B NA F S In this month’s issues, ATT I H SWI ME E HO AU B CN E C readers will: AA J R E L E L C B L B K E R • Read the story of Joshua P MA C A X E K I B and the battle of Jericho Congratulations! • Learn the importance of always telling the truth • Review safety rules for summer fun
Find the summer words hidden in the puzzle.
BUGS SUN SWIM BIKE ICE CREAM VACATION CAMP BASEBALL TENT BARBECUE BEACH
It’s summer! Time for holidays. I spend a lot of time outside—p hope you erhaps in the woods or near a lake. Wherever you spend your vacation, be careful. I’ve prepared some activities on these pages to remind you to be safe.
God loves you and we love you so stay safe and enjoy the summer. Your pal, Pacey
FREDERICTON—Six new junior soldiers are enrolled at Fredericton Community Church. In the front row, from left, are Taylor Swartz, Joshua Schriver, Tye Swartz, Jennifer Earle, MacKenzie Earle and Andrea Earle. Supporting them in the back row are Captain Herbert Goodridge, holding the flag; Majors Judy and Larry Goudie, corps officers; and Joan Rowsell, junior soldier teacher.
Be safe this summer
Fill in the missing word from these pool rules. Be sure to remember them!
1. Always have an _______________ present. 2. Never _______________ others into the pool. Jones: I always feel ill the day before a journey! you Brown: Why don’t go a day earlier?
Where do shar go on holid ks ay? Fin-land!
3. Don’t _______________ on the pool deck. 4. Never swim _______________. 5. Always go down the water slide _______________ first.
6. Be sure to wear _______________________. Answers: 1. adult; 2. push; 3. run; 4. alone; 5. feet; 6. sunscreen
Inside Faith & Friends
Salvationist I July 2013 I 3
A World of Good
he boy peers through the ramshackle fence. As he spies us coming around the corner, his eyes light up and he waves his arms. His bare feet pad down the dirt road and, in a mix of broken English and Creole, he shouts his greetings. “I help you with bottles today?” With his shock of black hair and mischievous grin, Omar is my fondest memory of Belize. Every day after school, the six-year-old perched on the fence and watched as our mission team swung hammers, hauled concrete blocks and repainted chipped walls. As the sun set, our team, exhausted and sore, hobbled up to the corner store for a cold soda. With great joy, Omar retrieved the empty glass bottles for a refund. The spare change provided him with a small treat his family could not otherwise afford. It was nearly 20 years ago, but I vividly recall my mission trip to the Central American nation. Led by Salvationists Robert and Shirley McArthur, the team’s objective was threefold. The group I was in added a second storey to the officer’s quarters to serve as a lunch room for the children at the adjacent Salvation Army school. A second group undertook repairs to the retirement residence up the street. And a third group of young people led a Bible camp for the students. In two short weeks, we completed the construction projects, but, more importantly, we formed a bond with Salvationists in Belize—worshipping together, sharing meals and learning about their unique culture. Anyone who has been on a mission trip knows that the experience changes you. For the last five years, the Ontario Central-East Division has sent a mission team to Cuba to complete a variety of projects (see page 14). The Mission: Cuba teams sacrificed their time and gifts to further the Army’s ministry in that beautiful, but impoverished, land. Most of them would tell you that they came back richer than when they left. That’s the thing about mission trips: the blessing goes both ways. On a broader scale, the Millennium Development Goals are an opportunity to make a difference for the 4 I July 2013 I Salvationist
world’s poor. With less than three years to go, the promises of the world’s most powerful nations are still a long way from reality. Raising awareness of this important cause is Sara Hildebrand and a group of young people who are calling on the Canadian government to keep its promises (see page 8). In this issue of Salvationist, we show how Army projects in the developing world align with these goals and what you can do to help. In any given year, there are a dozen or more mission trips organized out of our territory. Every time I hear about them, I think of Omar, a Belize sunset and the happy clink of soda bottles. Much time has passed and Omar would be a man by now. I pray that the presence of The Salvation Army in his neighbourhood made a difference in his life. Let’s not forget our partnership with Salvationist brothers and sisters in other lands. Together, we can do a world of good.
My thanks to former Editor-in-Chief Major Jim Champ for his leadership and to the editorial team for their support. I welcome readers’ comments and story ideas at firstname.lastname@example.org army.org.
is a monthly publication of The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory Linda Bond General Commissioner Brian Peddle Territorial Commander Major Jim Champ Secretary for Communications Geoff Moulton Editor-in-Chief Melissa Yue Wallace Features Editor (416-467-3185) Pamela Richardson News Editor, Production Co-ordinator, Copy Editor (416-422-6112) Kristin Fryer Associate Editor and Staff Writer Timothy Cheng Art Director Ada Leung Circulation Co-ordinator Ken Ramstead Contributor Agreement No. 40064794, ISSN 1718-5769. Member, The Canadian Church Press. All Scripture references from the Holy Bible, Today’s New International Version (TNIV) © 2001, 2005 International Bible Society. Used by permission of International Bible Society. All rights reserved worldwide. All articles are copyright The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory and can be reprinted only with written permission.
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Inquire by e-mail for rates at salvationist@ can.salvationarmy.org.
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The Salvation Army exists to share the love of Jesus Christ, meet human needs and be a transforming influence in the communities of our world. Salvationist informs readers about the mission and ministry of The Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda. salvationist.ca firstname.lastname@example.org facebook.com/salvationistmagazine twitter.com/salvationist
AROUND THE TERRITORY
Governor General Volunteers at Army Soup Kitchen
Midland Street Ministry Gains Support
GOVERNOR GENERAL DAVID Johnston helped volunteers serve lunch at Pembroke Community Church, Ont., in April as part of a tour to mark National Volunteer Week. His Excellency spoke to Salvation Army staff about the soup kitchen program and conversed with guests and volunteers during the meal. “National Volunteer Week gives Canadians the opportunity to think about how we can make a difference in our communities by getting involved,” Johnston says. “Those who give of their time, talent and resources create a better country because they believe that it can and should be done. Their actions inspire us to do more and to be more caring, since each of us has something to give. They deserve not just our thanks, but also our recognition.” The Pembroke soup kitchen is open four days a week and serves over 6,000 people a year.
THE SALVATION ARMY’S street outreach program in Midland, Ont., received a boost this spring from the Midland Business Improvement Area (BIA). The BIA donated $2,500 to the program, after recognizing that it has played a major role in reducing crime in the downtown area. “I am very happy that we are able to help the street outreach program,” says Steve Barber, chair of the BIA. “They do incredible work.” “The success of the ministry has come through the outreach team building relationships with people who live in the downtown area,” says Captain Geoff Groves, corps officer, Midland Community Church. “They spend time talking with people, driving them to hospital appointments, connecting them with local services, advocating on their behalf and many other things.” Program workers Denis Laurin and Tom Huntley also collaborate with the downtown business community, outreach workers from other agencies, service organizations and local police to ensure the safety and well-being of all involved. “The team is open about their faith and has many opportunities to share the love of Jesus Christ and pray with people on the street,” says Captain Groves. “It is a true ‘rubber-hitsthe-road’ ministry that goes where people are, rather than waiting for them to come to us.”
New Website Helps Salvationists “Go Green” WANT TO “GO green” but not sure how? The Salvation Army’s Ethics Centre in Winnipeg has launched wegogreen.ca, a new website which offers Salvationists practical tips and tools to help them care for the environment. Users can also find the Army’s position statement on the environment and resources such as suggested music, reading and prayers. One of the most exciting aspects of this website is the capacity for users to contribute their own stories and resources. By visiting wegogreen.ca/share, users can share resources they’ve discovered or developed, or a personal or ministry unit story about a green initiative or activity. The site also encourages users to share adversities and failures so that others can learn from those experiences. In conjunction with the launch of the website, a Green Toolkit was sent to every ministry unit in the territory to further assist Salvationists with their environmental initiatives.
Photo: Midland Free Press
From left, Lt-Col Susan van Duinen, DC, Ont. CE Div, and Governor General David Johnston with volunteers at the Pembroke CC soup kitchen
From left, Steve Barber, chair of the Midland Business Improvement Area, presents a cheque for $2,500 to Denis Laurin of the Army’s street outreach program
DID YOU KNOW … … Joy Brown, a member of Bay Roberts Corps, N.L., was chosen as one of Canada’s 51 outstanding principals for 2013? … participants in Vancouver’s annual Sun Run collectively donated 1,824 kg of clothing to The Salvation Army? … Nancy LaRose, manager of The Salvation Army’s thrift store in Acton, Ont., was named employee of the year by the Halton Hills Chamber of Commerce? … The Salvation Army provides 6,340 shelter beds each night for vulnerable men, women and families, making up one-quarter of all shelter beds in Canada? … Halifax Citadel Community Church’s Feed the Need program has been running for more than 10 years now? Every Monday night, the program offers clients an opportunity to sit in a warm, safe environment while they are served a full meal, complete with tea, coffee and dessert … Salvationist has more than 10,600 fans on Facebook? Find us online at facebook.com/salvationistmagazine Salvationist I July 2013 I 5
AROUND THE TERRITORY
Booth University College Graduates Encouraged at Convocation
Front, from left, Dr. Donald Burke, president, Booth University College; Dr. R. David Rightmire; Commissioner Brian Peddle; Col Glen Shepherd, chair of the board of trustees; Mjr Ian Swan, then vice-president academic and dean, with Booth University College’s 2013 graduating class
WINNIPEG’S BOOTH UNIVERSITY College celebrated 39 new graduates at its 31st annual convocation ceremony in April. At the baccalaureate service, Commissioner Brian Peddle, territorial commander and chancellor of Booth University College, reminded graduates of The Salvation Army’s beginnings and of William Booth’s tireless commitment to helping those in need. “Booth noted how many people were living on the streets and sleeping under the bridges of east London. He simply said to his son, ‘Go and do something. We must do something.’ Today we have an opportunity to affirm again that we wish to join the ranks of the ‘do something’ champions,” said Commissioner Peddle. He encouraged graduates to embrace their future, but to do so knowing that “it comes with a measure of life’s uncertainties, a dash of trial and a sprinkling of the consequence of wrong decision and failure, for that is life. The counterbalance is the promise of the Almighty to make 6 I July 2013 I Salvationist
the sufficiency of his grace and strength available every day.” During the convocation ceremony, Commissioner Peddle conferred bachelor of arts degrees upon 14 students— including the first graduate of Booth’s behavioural sciences program—and bachelor of social work degrees upon 21 students. He also awarded four certificates to students who had completed programs in chaplaincy and spiritual care. Bachelor of social work graduate Rebecca Peters received the Chancellor’s Medal for achieving a high academic standing and contributing significantly to the life of the university college and the wider community. Convocation speaker, Dr. R. David Rightmire, professor of Bible and theology at Asbury University, noted that while the graduates’ time at Booth was a time of growth—both spiritually and intellectually—it was just one significant step in the process of lifelong learning. Graduate Major Robert Reid echoed this theme, saying, “One thing is true of
life: we never stop learning and, if we do, we do a disservice to ourselves, to others and especially to God. “Thank you to Booth for providing a place where learning is encouraged and hopes are inspired,” he continued. “Today I am a better equipped Salvation Army officer and a better equipped Christian servant because I have had this learning experience.”
Commissioner Brian Peddle presents the Chancellor’s Medal to Rebecca Peters
AROUND THE TERRITORY
Food Box Program Assists Event Declares Dignity for All the Hungry “WITHOUT OUR CO-OP food program, a lot of people in our community would go hungry,” says Jewel Purdon, volunteer at the Army’s Perth Care and Share Centre, Ont. The co-op food program helps clients have enough food supplies to last them through an entire month. Clients pay $20 to participate in the program, which makes use of bulk buying and sales to give them the greatest return for their money. The program has also received food from the Army’s Booth Centre in Ottawa. Purdon and her husband, Dave, started the program four years ago after discovering that many clients who came to get food at the beginning of the month were soon running out. With the co-op food program, they can come back and get more food two weeks after their initial pick-up. “The program really works well,” says Purdon. “People are just so happy to get the boxes.” The boxes contain a mix of fresh fruit, vegetables and meat, non-perishables and other essentials such as laundry soap. At present, between 15 and 40 people participate in the program.
MORE THAN 100 people came to celebrate human dignity at a Dignity for All event held at Toronto Harbour Light Ministries to commemorate Refugee Rights Day. “Rights are essential, but we wanted to go one step further and celebrate dignity for all people,” explains Florence Gruer, director of immigrant and refugee services. The event featured three guest speakers. Huda Bukhari, of the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture, spoke about clients overcoming barriers and showing great strength, while Aux-Captain Alain Luasu, corps officer at Toronto’s Yorkwoods Community Church, described Salvation Army programs that promote dignity for broken families and newcomers. Dion Oxford, director of the Gateway men’s shelter in Toronto, talked about treating others as friends and walking through life together rather than giving or receiving hand-outs. Students presented a skit looking at some of the challenges refugees face in Canada and Harbour Light staff members read monologues showing how all people have challenges, fears, hopes and joys. People were encouraged to explore what dignity means to them. “We are all unique and different, but we are all human beings,” says Rochelle McAlister, transitional housing program co-ordinator. “When I recognize your dignity, it means that my dignity is alive and well.”
Volunteers prepare food boxes at the Perth Care and Share Centre
Event attendees explore what dignity means to them by participating in a word project
St. John’s Citadel Celebrates 125 Years WITH THE SLOGAN “Onward,” St. John’s Citadel, N.L., marked its 125th anniversary with events spanning several months. Celebrations began in January with a weekend of youth events led by Majors Keith and Shona Pike, territorial youth secretary and secretary for candidates, and continued in February with a weekend devoted to the corps’ musical heritage. A celebration of music took place, featuring the debut performance of All Through the Years, composed especially for the anniversary by Craig Woodland, former bandsman and songster leader at St. John’s Citadel and now deputy bandmaster of London Citadel Band, Ont. The celebrations culminated in March with a weekend led by Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle, territorial lead-
ers. On Friday evening the corps held a only if the presence of God is evident in banquet which included the presentation the lives of corps members. The day conof a dinner theatre, The Crowd He Died cluded with the singing of the Founder’s For, and the following day, the commissong, O Boundless Salvation, and the cutsioners led a leadership forum, attended ting of the anniversary cake. by 40 corps leaders. Sunday services were conducted by the territorial leaders, who attended Sunday school and participated in an “Ask the Commissioners” session with the children. At the morning service, Commissioner Brian Peddle called on those in attendance to go forward with greater commitment to God and the Army. Commissioner Rosalie Peddle continued this theme at the evening service, challenging Commissioner Brian Peddle interacts with corps leaders the congregation to go onward but at St. John’s Citadel Salvationist I July 2013 I 7
Photo: Robynn Munnings
Students’ message to Prime Minister Stephen Harper: We have a math assignment due in three days. You have a social justice assignment due in 1,000
The Final Stretch
With less than three years to go, the Millennium Development Goals are within reach. But why should we care if we achieve them?
BY MELISSA YUE WALLACE, FEATURES EDITOR
hile visiting communities in Cebu City and on the island of Masbate in the Philippines, 12-year-old Jon from Pickering, Ont., witnessed scenes of daily life that filled him with sadness. “I saw some kids without clothes or shoes,” he remembers of the mission trip in August 2011. “Another kid was scooping water out of an open sewage tank. “This should never have to be seen. Poverty shouldn’t exist.” On April 5, 2013, Jon, along with 250 other youth, gathered at the CBC Glenn Gould Studio in Toronto to remind the government that there are 1,000 days to go until the Millennium Development Goals’ (MDGs) deadline of December 31, 2015. Students read passionate letters written to Prime Minister Stephen Harper, sung, tweeted and texted the urgency of keeping our MDG promise. “The presence of youth makes us talk about things differently and it makes us more concerned about whether what we’re doing and saying lines up,” says Sara Hildebrand, founder and director of Millennium Kids, who organized the event. 8 I July 2013 I Salvationist
“There’s something in all of us that knows it’s not right that we can have whatever we want when there are almost a billion people who live on less than $1.25 a day.” In 2000, 189 nations, including Canada, signed an agreement called the Millennium Declaration to “spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty.” Significant progress has been made. For example, the target of reducing extreme poverty rates by half was met in 2010, five years ahead of deadline. But Canada is falling short in other ways, such as failing to give 0.7 percent of our gross domestic product to international development. Hildebrand’s love and concern for the poor is primarily motivated by her faith in God. Along with visiting schools to connect the dots between the growing social justice-mindedness of today’s youth and their government’s MDG promise, Hildebrand serves on a worship team at her church while her husband, Jason, an actor, performs at various churches and Salvation Army corps.
Photo: Robynn Munnings
“We make an interesting team,” she laughs. “In our own family, we have tried to create a culture of gratefulness, expose our four children to the needs of others and discourage a sense of entitlement. Not getting everything you want can have a positive impact.” The eldest of their children, 12-year-old Mercy Justine, is a “millennium kid,” actively involved in reducing poverty. Hildebrand is passionate about helping students use their voices for justice and the common good in the public sphere. “In a democracy, the government responds to the expressed priorities of its people so we need to tell our federal government what is important to us,” she says. “Keeping our MDG
Sara Hildebrand (centre) asks students to tweet for change at the CBC Glenn Gould Studio in Toronto
A Better World OUT OF OUR love for God and others, The Salvation Army in the Canada and Bermuda Territory serves the marginalized and stands up for the rights of the disadvantaged. Over the next few pages, find out how we are putting our words into action around the world while simultaneously achieving the eight MDGs.
MDG: Achieve universal primary education
Project: Joyland Home and Sion Girls’ Home Issue: Children in the India Western Territory needed a safe place in which to live and grow up. They didn’t have the basic necessities of life and, as a result, couldn’t consider the possibility of getting a good education. Activity: With support from the Army’s sponsorship program, these two orphanages provide safe shelter, nutritious meals, education and regular medical check-ups, in addition to teaching the children life skills. Twenty boys, aged seven to 20, live at the Joyland Home and 69 girls, aged seven to 18, live at the Sion Girls’ Home. The children have renewed hope for the future as they receive a high standard of education from these facilities. Girls study at the Sion Girls’ Home
promise is very important to Canadians.” Stefan, 18, from Toronto offers this advice to Canadians who want to make a difference in their world: “Any small effort goes a long way—you can volunteer at your local food bank or donate money to an organization. “With everyone’s co-operation, we’ll be able to meet these goals and help the most vulnerable people in the world.”
Get Involved with the MDGs
1) Read and pray widely about global issues. Set up alerts on your phone or computer to find out what is happening around the world. Then pray for those in need, that God would provide the right people at the right time to help and that our hands and hearts would be open to give. 2) Tweet for a good cause. Raise awareness by reminding family, friends and social media communities that the MDG deadline is approaching and spread the word about injustices happening in developing countries. 3) Fight poverty with Gifts of Hope. Buy an insecticidetreated mosquito net to protect children in developing countries from malaria, donate to the disaster relief fund to help the vulnerable during emergencies or purchase livestock to provide a source of income and nutrition to struggling families. Visit salvationarmy.ca/giftsofhope.
MDG: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Project: Zimbabwe drought relief Issue: A drought in the southern area of Zimbabwe, a country heavily reliant on agriculture, has added extra stress on communities already suffering from food shortages. As their crops withered and their livestock perished, farmers lost their income and families went hungry. Children dropped out of school because they didn’t have the nutrition to learn, grow and avoid illness. Activity: Our territory worked with local communities in six of the worst-affected areas to identify families that needed the most help. Thanks to funds from the disaster relief reserve, the Army provided food aid and drought-resistant seeds to 650 vulnerable families, averaging two adults and six children each. Families received food for six months as they waited for the crops to grow from the new seeds.
A man receives 10 kilograms of millie meal (flour made from maize) Salvationist I July 2013 I 9
MDG: Promote gender equality and empower women
Project: Bangladesh literacy program Issue: Women in several villages of Bangladesh did not have the opportunity to attend school. As a result, they couldn’t read to their children, learn about health and social issues and were taken advantage of in the local markets since they couldn’t do simple math calculations. They also lacked the confidence that comes with being able to read and write. Activity: Since 2011, our territory has partnered with community support groups in 18 villages in Bangladesh to provide adult literacy programs. Natural disasters and violence in the country can make studying a challenge, but the 180 students—made up mainly of uneducated women—are continuing with the program. The goal is to reach 1,000 people, build 10 libraries and train teachers.
MDG: Improve maternal health
Project: Health clubs in Pakistan Issue: In certain communities in Pakistan, grandmothers are the primary source for health advice and medical remedies. Knowledgeable as they are, their skills and expertise are limited and can sometimes cause further damage to an individual’s health. Activity: The Army’s women’s ministry teams and health-care workers at community corps organized health clubs to educate families on topics such as HIV-AIDS prevention, sanitation practices and nutrition. Currently, approximately 1,170 mothers and 1,387 children attend health clubs in 64 communities. As relationships are established, many health club participants are not only solving their health-care needs, but their spiritual needs as they witness Jesus’ love displayed through Christians in their communities.
A woman receives a health check-up in Pakistan
Women and children build confidence through the literacy program
MDG: Reduce child mortality
Project: Mosquito nets in Malawi Issue: Malaria is a serious, and sometimes fatal, disease that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. There were approximately 219 million malaria cases and an estimated 655,000 deaths in 2010. In Malawi, a country in southeast Africa, malaria accounts for 40 percent of all hospitalizations of children under five years old and 40 Mosquito nets protect families from malaria percent of all hospital deaths, according to the World Health Organization. Activity: Our territory distributed 1,400 insecticide-treated mosquito nets to three communities in the lower Shire Valley, Malawi. The nets, provided through Gifts of Hope donations, offer a layer of protection for children and adults so they can sleep safely through the night. 10 I July 2013 I Salvationist
MDG: Ensure environmental sustainability
Project: Solar cookers in Bolivia Issue: The urban poor in Bolivia have limited access to resources such as running water, health care and proper sanitation. Many find it difficult to work out of their poverty as they spend a lot of time and money on firewood and other forms of fuel. Activity: The Army distributed 86 solar cookers last year, thanks to Gifts of Hope donations. These cookers are an environmentally friendly way to harness energy from the sun and convert it into heat. Each recipient received training on how to use the cooker and is enjoying the time saved from not having to spend hours looking for firewood. The cookers also eliminate the dangers of traditional cooking methods and provide an economic boost to the community.
A family proudly displays their new solar cooker
MDG: Combat HIV-AIDS, malaria and other diseases
MDG: Develop a global partnership for development
A community participates in an HIV-AIDS awareness campaign
The Salvation Army worked with other organizations during 2010’s earthquake in Haiti to provide the most efficient and effective response
Project: HIV-AIDS prevention and livelihood development in Tanzania Issue: Over the past three decades, the World Health Organization estimates HIV-AIDS has claimed more than 25 million lives. Sixty-nine percent of all adults living with HIV worldwide are located in Sub-Saharan Africa (including Tanzania). Those who contract the infection are often stigmatized by the rest of society and find it difficult to find employment and provide for their families. Activity: Through this three-year integrated project in specific communities, our territory, in partnership with the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), organized HIVAIDS counselling and awareness campaigns, attended by 5,000 people. This helped to educate the community about the disease and reduce the stigma felt by victims. In addition, 240 community volunteers received training on HIV-AIDS counselling, 350 HIV-AIDS orphans and vulnerable children received support for their education and more than 200 people living with HIV-AIDS received small business support.
Project: Partnerships Issue: The Army is a member of various associations that work together to meet global issues. Some of these include the CCRDA (Canadian Christian Relief Development Agency), the SCIC (Saskatchewan Council for International Cooperation) and Nazarene Compassionate Ministries. During emergencies, the Army sometimes co-ordinates a response with the UN and other relief agencies such as Oxfam and Red Cross. Activity: As an example of how partnerships work, the Army and the Nazarene Compassionate Ministries through the Canadian Foodgrains Bank are currently implementing a three-year, $2-million project that has received CIDA matching funds. The Integrated Food for Work and Climate Change Adaptation will take place in Bangladesh and aims to address immediate and longer-term food security needs. Food for work activities include digging canals, raising and repairing roads, digging fishponds and planting trees. Self-help groups will be formed to start income-generating activities to diversify livelihoods and reduce dependency on seasonal agricultural work. Effects of climate change will be taken into consideration and farmers will participate in climate change adaptation strategies.
Restoring Hope in Tanzania Army helps women start their own business CHRISTINA WAMBURA WAS devastated when her husband abandoned her and their five children. “I worked in the fields, but the income was little,” says Wambura, who lives in Tanzania. “Often, days passed before we had food on the table. And because I couldn’t afford my children’s education, their academic progress was affected. We were all miserable.” The Salvation Army had been establishing an income-generating program in Wambura’s community, offering workshops to women to help them earn an income by starting their own small business. The women learned business planning and money management in the process. “I applied for a loan and established a small kiosk,” she says. “My life is so different now. I can support my family on my own, my children are back in school and I’m sharing my business skills with others.”
Women gain valuable skills through training workshops Salvationist I July 2013 I 11
Photo: © iStockphoto.com/MachineHeadz
Sizing Up the
Today’s bullies are heartless, online and virtually untraceable
imme your lunch money!” The phrase may conjure up the stereotypical image of the child bully—usually a boy—with more brawn than brains who terrorized other children for a variety of assumed reasons. He may have come from “the wrong side of the tracks” and this was his way of getting back at the world. Among school-aged children, bullying took place near the lockers 12 I July 2013 I Salvationist
BY ROBERT JEFFERY outside the classroom or perhaps on the walk home from school. Victims experienced taunts, name-calling and physical abuse. Whether it happened five or 50 years ago, few things can harm a child more than bullying; the effects can last a lifetime. Unfortunately, while this kind of child-to-child bullying was terrible for those who experienced it, the bullying experienced by children today is worse.
The same elements of traditional bullying still exist. You’ll still find namecalling, verbal harassment and physical violence, only now it is coupled with technology. The popularity of smart phones has seen bullying transition from the real world to the virtual one. Bullying has gone cyber with devastating effects. On April 7, 2013, 17-year old Rehtaeh Parsons from Dartmouth, N.S., died as a result of suicide. The victim of an alleged
sexual assault by a group of boys from her school back in 2011, Parsons’ horrific ordeal was further compounded when one of the assailants took a picture of the assault and sent it to other youths in the community. Just days after the event, classmates began harassing her online and through social media. Called derogatory names and then propositioned by other boys at her school, Parsons sank into a deep depression which ended in the taking of her own life. In 2012, the eyes of the world came to rest on Port Coquitlam, B.C., with the tragic case of Amanda Todd. The 16-year-old also committed suicide due to cyberbullying, but before doing so, uploaded a YouTube video with the remarkable title, “My Story: Struggling, bullying, suicide and self-harm.” In the video, which has been viewed 7.6 million times, Todd used flashcards to describe her experience of being bullied, blackmailed and physically assaulted by her peers. Over the course of many months, Todd was constantly harassed by someone online to expose herself on camera. When she did, the cyberbully used the photo to blackmail her. The anxiety and isolation she experienced ultimately led to her death. Though extreme, the Todd and Parsons examples have galvanized the nation to begin dealing with cyberbullying, pressuring legislators in provincial and federal governments, as well as school board and municipal officials, to enact laws that will hopefully eliminate these scenarios. Dr. Shaheen Shariff of Define the Line, an advocacy group that promotes responsible digital citizenship, defines cyberbullying as “ … the use of a range of digital media and/or communication devices to post or distribute offensive and demeaning forms of expression. Cyberbullying contains all of the elements of traditional bullying, but extends them into a highly public, online environment. Cyberbullying can include using cellular and smart phones, e-mail, or social media to post or distribute insults, threats, gossip, modified and/or intimate photographs, and videotapes of beatings or unauthorized films of intimate sexual acts. The purpose of these acts is to embarrass or threaten targeted peers or authority figures.” Cyberbullying is not only more malicious than regular bullying; it’s also more prevalent. Images of little Johnny running away from the neighbourhood
toughs to the safety of home is no longer the only bullying scenario. With the access that smart phones, e-mails and social media affords bullies, a child can be tormented while their parents sit in the same room, totally oblivious as to what is going on. Bullies no longer conform to any one social demographic or stereotype. The anonymity that technology provides has given rise to the social phenomena of “trolling”—where someone posts negative, sarcastic or abusive comments online for no real purpose other than maliciousness. It’s akin to a group of bystanders who may encourage a bully to carry out his threat of violence against a victim. In these situations, the negative bystanders, or online trollers, also exhibit bullying behaviour.
With the access that smart phones, e-mails and social media affords bullies, a child can be tormented while their parents sit in the same room So what can be done? The Salvation Army is uniquely poised to be an agent of change. Our mandate, to be a transforming influence in our communities, should cause us to take the rise of cyberbullying seriously. In one of the strongest statements ever made by Jesus, “If anyone causes one of these little ones— those who believe in me—to stumble, it would be better for them if a large millstone were hung around their neck and they were drowned in the depths of the sea” (Matthew 18:6). Inaction in the face of bullying can be as damaging to a child as the physical, emotional and mental abuse caused by the bullying behaviour. We would be wise to heed the words of Jesus and protect the children God has entrusted to us. Salvation Army programs such as Red Cap (an anger management course for children) are great ways to encourage
young people to talk about their feelings and express themselves in healthy ways. Red Cap is being run by the Army in various public school programs throughout the country. Clearly our schools need as much community support as possible and their willingness to partner with religious organizations to run these quality programs affords us a unique opportunity to not only reach out to victims of bullying, but to the children that exhibit bullying behaviours. There are many opportunities within the day-to-day life of a corps where children can be encouraged to resist cyberbullying. Youth group leaders and corps officers may want to take a novel approach in communicative technologies—not by banning them outright from corps events or services, but by promoting their use in a way that fosters understanding of the Christian message. Some corps officers are doing this by encouraging young people to text them questions related to a Bible study or even to engage with them during the Sunday sermon. Talking with children about cyberbullying and acknowledging that it is a problem will go a long way in reducing its harmful effects. Corps and social service ministries can be a resource to parents to help establish safe use of these technologies. For example, the family computer should be centrally located so parents can easily monitor its use. Facilitating the discussion between parents and their children on the appropriate use of smart phones and social media is one way that the church can fulfil its historic calling to serve the present age. Parry Aftab, executive director of WiredSafety, notes how “Christianity is very good at making it ‘real.’ The New Testament is written in parables to teach people through example. Faith-based organizations need to take real stories of real lives affected by bullying. We need to encourage the kids within the church to tell their own stories, so their peers can support them.” Look for ways that you can support youth in your community who may be experiencing cyberbullying. It may be unrealistic to think that we can block out all the negative influences in our children’s lives, but let’s work hard at being their biggest positive influence. Robert Jeffery is a Salvationist at Halifax Citadel Community Church and an employee of the Halifax Centre of Hope, Maritime Division. Salvationist I July 2013 I 13
Photos: Christin Davis
Mission Accomplished A five-year Canadian effort leaves behind a beacon of hope for Cuba BY CHRISTIN DAVIS
n the outskirts of Havana, Cuba, a lushly lined dirt road that doubles as an impromptu soccer field for neighbourhood kids now features a blue structure with a bright red roof and a stark white cross. The new Salvation Army Diezmero Corps and a similar one in Paraga are the joint work of the Army in Cuba and Canada—the result of Mission: Cuba. Following five years and 13 capital building projects, Mission: Cuba ended on May 2, 2013, in Havana with the dedication of the two new corps buildings. “The profile of The Salvation Army has increased dramatically here, and the government has a better understanding of the role and function of The Salvation Army and what it can do to assist in disaster and humanitarian projects,” says Major John Murray, former 14 I July 2013 I Salvationist
A white cross adorns the front of Paraga Corps
divisional secretary for public relations and development, Ontario Central-East Division, noting the Cuban government’s request of assistance from The Salvation Army following hurricanes in recent years. “This is about more than building projects; it’s about building community, mission and God’s church.” Establishing Trust For the past five years, the Ontario Central-East Division has organized self-funded projects, in partnership with the Cuba Division, to improve facilities for the Army in Cuba. Under the direction of Majors John and Brenda Murray, and with initial support from former territorial leaders Commissioners William and Marilyn Francis, Mission: Cuba has included more than 150 Canadian volunteer team members, ranging in age from 14 to 81, including students, a farmer,
a retired policeman and contractors. Commissioner William Francis recognized that Canada is uniquely poised to partner with Cuba and supported missions there. The Francises attended dedication services in the first four years of Mission: Cuba. “I was amazed at the strength of the Army there. Many have known nothing else but Fidel Castro and communist rule, but through all of that the people have kept the joy of the Lord,” says Commissioner William Francis. “That’s a wonderful verse, but when you see it embodied in people it takes on new meaning.” Accor d i n g to t he C a n ad i a n Ambassador to Cuba, Matthew Levin, Canadians represent 40 percent of all tourists to Cuba. “There is a perception here of external threat—you have to work with the government until they become comfortable with you,” he says. “With relationships comes an openness to engaging in works.” It’s those connections that define Mission: Cuba in the largest Caribbean island with a population of 11 million people. Steps Toward Change One of few remaining socialist states espousing communism, Cuba’s turbulent history—from the 1898 SpanishAmerican War to the establishment of the Communist Party of Cuba in 1965 and continued tension with the United States—has sidled the island’s lush beauty with decay. Though Cubans still receive monthly food rations from the government, free education and health care, the struggle to survive is real. For those who can get a job, average monthly earnings total roughly $20. The Wall Street Journal and Heritage Foundation’s 2012 Index of Economic Freedom ranked Cuba 177 out of 179 countries. Teresa Matos, a soldier of the Havana Central Corps, was born in Cuba and taken to the United States as a toddler. Living in New York for 19 years, she returned to Cuba in 1980 and, due to various circumstances, has not been able to leave since. “The problem here is economics—the ‘taxes,’ the lack of jobs, the lack of supplies and the overpricing of supplies. It is difficult to live in Cuba,” she says. Matos teaches under-the-table English lessons and has no computer or television.
The Mission: Cuba 5 team
“When you look around, it seems like everybody is living normally. But it’s very hard. Practically everyone you deal with wants to leave the country.” When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1992, its subsidies to Cuba ended and the island country entered a rapid depression known as the Special Period. Ever since, supplies have become more difficult to find, and more expensive. Raul Castro, president since 2006, has repeatedly lamented that Cuba imported approximately 80 percent of the food it consumed between 2007 and 2009, at a cost of more than $1.7 billion a year. Things are slowly improving under the second Castro president, who lifted bans on Cubans owning mobile phones and computers, and in 2011 allowed citizens to buy and sell houses and cars. Yet like the 1950s cars Cubans manage to keep running, the people must scheme and dream in order to survive. “If people don’t want to turn to the Communist Party, then they turn to church looking for betterment in life,” Matos says. Under Fidel Castro, who claimed control of Cuba following the 26th of July Movement in 1959, religion was actively suppressed—including nationalizing church property, distributing antireligious propaganda and preventing believers from professions for decades to avoid any ideological threat to the regime. The Salvation Army began work in Cuba in 1912 with missionary officers and operated until 1958 when the last
overseas officer left the island upon signs of revolution, according to Captain Julio Moreno, divisional commander in Cuba and a former inspector for the government. For 10 years, Captain Moreno says, Cuban people continued the Army’s work without the knowledge of International Headquarters. “Cuba was without any link to The Salvation Army outside the country,” Captain Moreno says, until a Cuban officer went to an event in Jamaica. It soon after joined the Caribbean Territory until the formation of the Latin America North Territory in 1999. The Cuban Communist Party removed atheism as a prerequisite for membership in 1991 and permitted religious believers to join for the first time. A year later it amended the constitution to become a secular, rather than atheist, state—“opening” religion, many believe, as a result of the end of Soviet Union supplies. Allowing religious groups to provide social services increased religious liberty while reducing the cost of the government’s ruling. To each faith community, the Office of Religious Affairs (ORA) assigns representatives to sporadically attend events and bring any concerns to the government. The Army’s Extended Family Today, The Salvation Army in Cuba operates 22 corps and two social service projects—a seniors’ home and an addictions recovery program—with 24 officers as members of the Cuban Council of Churches.
Pamela Loveless paints the beams under the Paraga Corps’ roof
Paul Robertson works to complete the roof at Diezmero Corps
“According to the constitution, we guarantee the freedom of religious expression as in any other part of the world,” says Maria Delos Angelas Perec, Salvationist I July 2013 I 15
Doug Morton speaks with a corps member at the Diezmero Corps dedication service
a senior ORA official representing the Christian churches, though not an attendee of any church. “Essentially, we work together—the church and the government—to better help people. We work with legality and love to build good for people, to love people as we love ourselves.” Perec says the ORA approved 9,000 religious visas for foreigners coming to Cuba in 2012. “As the government, we appreciate the church but we know the community appreciates it more,” she says. “The Salvation Army is a church for service to the people, the community. The best thing Cuba has is the people.” For The Salvation Army, too, the people are key. “These people have become almost family,” says Major Brenda Murray. “They said they had been praying for God to send someone, and I’d been praying that God would use me. What’s so
Mission: Cuba is the result of a partnership between the Ont. CE and Cuba divisions
strong about this is that it isn’t about Canadians showing Cubans how to do things, but partnering together so that everyone benefits from it.” Mission: Cuba began each August when a pre-team visited Cuba to meet with Salvation Army staff and survey areas of priority need with a contractor. An itemized, 12-page list of materials was sent to the Cuban government for approval, upon which every item was shipped in a 12-metre container. Members of this pre-team had to be onsite when the container was approved for release, generally in January. The materials were stored with the Army in Cuba until the spring projects began. This year, Mission: Cuba 5 ran from April 19 to May 3. Each of the 25 team members paid his or her own way to volunteer in Cuba. “We always leave behind a big, bright building and people come to look,” says
Paul Robertson, one of the team’s contractors and a member of Mission: Cuba since the beginning. “We attract attention while we’re building, and people stop to ask what’s going on. You never know who’s being affected, but we know these places are beacons for the community.” One project—at Paraga Corps—completed work that began during the initial Mission: Cuba. Squatters living in rooms attached to the corps would not allow the team to roof above their living area in 2009, so the roof only extended over the corps. It now stretches the complete 10 metres, and the team added two rooms to the officers’ quarters, which previously only had one room for the family—built by Mission: Cuba 3. The second project—at Diezmero Corps—turned an unusable property with only two walls and no roof into a complete building covered by a 15-metre roof. The officers had been holding services inside their home, but now have a church. Both project sites were painted inside and out, and Mission: Cuba 5 also paid for a fence to be put in at The Salvation Army’s training college for officers in Cuba. Before leaving the job site this year, Doug Morton, a retired policeman from London, Ont., gave a woman a new pair of shoes. She cried, saying she had been praying for new shoes—the equivalent of a month’s salary for most Cubans. But first, Morton washed her feet in a bucket of water. “I wanted to thank her for teaching me what it’s like to serve,” he says.
Lt-Col Josue Cerezo, CS, Latin America North Tty, speaks at a Celebration of Christ service at Havana Central Corps
Christin Davis is the managing editor of New Frontier Publications in the USA Western Territory.
16 I July 2013 I Salvationist
An Army program helps people with mental illnesses develop job skills and self-confidence
Photos: Kristin Fryer
BY KRISTIN FRYER, STAFF WRITER
PLUS participants Keith Ko and Duncan McLean assemble auto repair kits
hether he’s assembling boxes, labelling products or putting together auto repair kits, John Triadafilopoulos feels perfectly at home on the factory floor of The Salvation Army’s Railside warehouse in Toronto. “I’m a very happy person here,” he says with a smile. “People are friendly and it makes me feel more confident about myself. At other jobs, I felt too nervous, but here I don’t.” For the past year, he has been a part of the PLUS Program, which gives persons with mental illnesses the opportunity to develop vocational and socialization skills through factory work. “Before I came here, I went from one job to another, and nothing worked out for me,” Triadafilopoulos says. “But since I started, I have learned a lot. They showed me how to be faster in my ability
to work, and that has really helped me out.” Currently, the program has 90 participants who work between 15 and 32.5 hours per week. The majority are suffering from schizophrenia, but some also have developmental disorders or struggle with addictions. When they come to PLUS, each client is assigned to a counsellor who meets with them weekly, helps them set and achieve goals, and provides support if they are having difficulty. There is no time limit on how long a client can participate in the program and most stay for an average of three to four years. In addition to teaching people useful skills, PLUS gives clients stability and a much-needed opportunity for activity. “We do a survey every year asking clients why they want to be a part of the program and they say, ‘I want to be
busy, I want to do something productive,’ ” explains Karen Thorogood, PLUS Program director, “and ‘If I sit around at home, I’ll get sick again, but I know I’m not ready to go out and get a job.’ PLUS provides these clients with something to do during the day.” “It keeps your mind active,” says Judi Douglas, who has been in the PLUS Program for three years. “You know when you come in to work that you’ve got to listen to instructions and pay attention to what you’re doing, so it keeps your brain moving.” Thorogood notes that very few PLUS clients with a record of hospitalization return to the hospital while they are a part of the program. “We have had people come here after being in the hospital for more than 10 years, and because they have the support they need and they’re busy doing something, they stay well,” she says. Taking a holistic approach, PLUS provides opportunities for spiritual and social growth, as well as job training. Most clients attend devotions, led by an Army chaplain every week, and many participate in the social recreation program, which offers group activities involving movies, sports, arts and crafts, cooking, music appreciation and games. PLUS clients may also take training in food preparation, lift-truck operations, shipping and receiving, computers and reception, and they can go on to the Army’s Transitional Employment Program if they feel ready to return to the workforce. Whatever the activity, PLUS aims to draw out the potential in each client and build their self-confidence. “Coming here makes them feel that they belong somewhere and they can accomplish something,” says Thorogood.
“People are friendly and it makes me feel more confident about myself,” says PLUS client John Triadafilopoulos Salvationist I July 2013 I 17
Isolated No More
Bleak statistics and a reputation for violence aren’t enough to keep the Army away from Thompson, Manitoba
Photo: Mjr Betty-Lou Topping
BY MELISSA YUE WALLACE, FEATURES EDITOR
“When we arrive downtown, everyone comes running to the truck,” says Mjr Betty-Lou Topping
omeless and vulnerable people living downtown in the city of Thompson, Man., were pleasantly surprised the first time Major Betty-Lou Topping popped open the back of her van and handed out hot soup and sandwiches from the parking lot located next to a local shelter. They were caught off guard when, months later, she showed her sense of humour and humility by appearing in a Christmas parade wearing a clown costume. “I wanted people to see that I can be a clown and a pastor,” she laughs. 18 I July 2013 I Salvationist
But what has really captivated the hearts of this mining community of about 15,000 located an eight-and-ahalf-hour drive from Winnipeg, is Major Topping’s compassion and persistence toward those in need. Last July, the same month that Major Topping, her husband and son arrived at Thompson Corps, the city was named Canada’s most violent city for the second year in a row, according to Statistics Canada. Disparity exists between the employees of mining companies who earn large paycheques and the unemployed who face life on the
streets, isolation, frigid temperatures, the temptation of substance abuse and a lack of affordable housing. As Thompson is surrounded by First Nations reserves, racism and gang violence also run rampant. “You can go downtown almost any hour of the day and you will see people— especially in the summertime—sitting around under the influence of alcohol,” says Major Topping. “There are a lot of needs and once you start asking people, ‘Why are you on the street?’ it’s heartbreaking.” Many Aboriginals choose to live on
at the corps on the following Sunday— some have given their lives to the Lord.” She is also part of a team that visits the hospital and nursing home where she conducts chapel service and prays with those who have specific needs. Major Topping’s motivation to support others stems from the examples set before her. “I’m one of nine children and helping others was born and bred in us,” she
Welcome Back, Soldiers!
Before moving to Thompson, Man., 11 years ago, Baxter Critch, a mechanic who works in the mine, lived in La Scie, N.L., where he smoked three packs of cigarettes a day and had to drink six beers in order to fall asleep at night. Sick and hung over on a Sunday morning, he always noticed a man in an Army uniform walk past his parents’ house to go to church and thought, “I wish I was like him.” Critch wanted to quit his addictions, but found it too difficult. One Tuesday evening in 1985, his friend invited him to a prayer meeting and he found himself talking to God for the first time. “I never knew much about being a Christian, but my friend said that when you talk to God, it’s the same as talking to a friend,” says Critch. After kneeling at the altar and telling God he couldn’t give up his addictions on his own, he felt God touch him. “I haven’t had a craving for a smoke or drink since.”
says, mentioning that her parents would assist anyone who needed it in their small community in Newfoundland and Labrador . She was also positively influenced by the Army’s Founder. “When you join The Salvation Army and learn about William Booth, how could you not want to reach out to others? “God has called me to serve and I am thrilled to be his hands extended to those in need.” In 2002, Critch moved to Thompson and began attending the corps in 2005. He enrolled as a soldier under Captain Hannu Lindholm, but went through a period where he went to church “off and on” and began drifting away. “One thing you should never do is take your eyes off of God and put them on man, because man is sure to fail you,” says Critch. But last year, Critch began attending services regularly and got involved in ministry, delivering meals through the food truck. “When I went out on the truck for the first time, it hit me pretty hard because at one point in my life, I had been on the street,” he says. “I didn’t have money and had to steal my food. People are living on the street, not because they want to, but because alcohol has such a grip on them and they just can’t break it on their own.” Critch discovered a passion for serving others and, on Easter Sunday, he and three others renewed their commitment as soldiers at the corps.
Photo: Cheryl Harnum
Photo: Rosalyn Fudge
the streets of Thompson rather than stay on their reserve due to abusive environments at home. Others refuse to stay in the local shelter because they have been traumatized by their experience growing up in residential schools. “Once the doors lock at night, they’re confined and they can’t handle that,” says Major Topping. “They’ve told me stories of how they were held down and physically and sexually abused at those schools.” The Thompson Homeless Shelter (also known as Nanatowiho Wikamik Homeless Shelter) has an overnight capacity for 24 people. For those registered, all meals are provided. But the shelter isn’t able to accommodate much more than that and often has to turn people away. “In the summer, there are between 75 to 100 people every day who go to the shelter hungry,” says Major Topping. “In the winter, there are around 40 to 60 because many return to their reserves.” Winter months can be especially difficult for those who remain on the streets as temperatures can dip below -40 degrees. To alleviate the problem, Major Topping began to put her plans into action. With a team of volunteers at her corps, a 15-minute drive from downtown, they prepared chili, sandwiches and soup and distributed the meals from the back of Major Topping’s van to 30 to 50 hungry people once a week. Eventually, the corps received an Army emergency response truck in support of their efforts. “When we arrive downtown, everyone comes running to the truck,” says Major Topping. “I walk around and chat with people and some have shown up
Mjr Betty-Lou Topping prays with people waiting in line at the food truck
From left, Baxter Critch, Muriel Saunders, Cavelle Smith, Dorenda Colbourne and Mjr Betty-Lou Topping
Salvationist I July 2013 I 19
Surprised by God Is this what revival looks like?
Photo: © iStockphoto.com/hjalmeida
BY COMMISSIONER BRIAN PEDDLE
ver the past few months, I’ve been surprised by God. Perhaps I should know better, but the Holy Spirit’s power never ceases to amaze me. Allow me to relate three experiences from across the territory. At a Sunday retreat at Oshawa Temple, Ont., I began morning worship by engaging the congregation with a carefully worded covenant card. I opted for a “soft sell,” inviting people to reflect on the words and write their own covenant if desired. To my surprise, the response at the mercy seat 20 I July 2013 I Salvationist
was overwhelming. I waited 25 minutes for those standing in the aisles to have a turn, kneeling, praying and writing. It made me wonder: Could this happen at every corps? Are leaders willing to make “the big ask”? Are Salvationists willing to respond? I was recently in Kentville, N.S., to open new facilities that were prompted by the growth of the corps. In rural Nova Scotia, growth of any kind is often stunted by aging demographics, scarce resources and out-migration. I was unprepared for the significance of the building project,
the vibrancy of the corps, the quality of the music, the number of children who sang and played their instruments and the parents who—along with veteran Salvationists— were beaming with pride and hope for the future. Then there was Aaron. I was touring a multi-faceted men’s shelter where some of the space had been transformed into supportive housing. Aaron was sitting on his bed when a small group of visitors walked into his private space. With Aaron’s prior consent, the executive director had prepared us for a brief look into his world. As I extended my hand, he asked, “Are you the top man in the Army?” Unsure of what he might say next, I took a deep breath and responded, “Yes, I am.” “You saved my life—I would not be alive today if The Salvation Army didn’t find me.” Wow! I did not see that coming. The story didn’t begin that day. It covered decades of one man’s journey. It was a life of destitution, addiction, terrible choices and the loss of personal dignity. Most of the tour fades in my memory, but Aaron’s words, “You saved my life,” remain. As I move about the territory and experience these stories, I often find my spirit is overjoyed. Yet the excitement is overshadowed by questions: Can this not happen everywhere? Is this what revival looks like? Is it possible that each corps and centre could facilitate a move of the Holy Spirit? I celebrate the General’s vision plan as I see it played out in our territory. “We see a God-raised, Spirit-filled Army for the 21st century— convinced of our calling, moving forward together, into the world of the hurting, broken, lonely, dispossessed and lost, reaching them in love by all means with the
transforming message of Jesus, bringing freedom, hope and life.” Ah, I see it, but I long for more for every corps and centre. One way we are able to do more is through the new Mission Focus Fund, a territorial surplus that is the result of good stewardship. This year, the fund made $1.2 million available to ministry units across the territory for more than 130 projects. In harmony with the General’s vision and our territorial priorities, these new projects will engage youth, develop leaders, spread the gospel and help transform our communities. These projects will also take us out of our comfort zones, for there is little room for comfort in the battle for souls. I am personally challenged and encouraged when God’s current blessings clearly overshadow the “good old days” (surprise!) because he is doing a new thing (see Isaiah 43:19). I feel as though I should be carrying a scroll with all the greetings and messages from where I have been. I want to share glimpses of the Army that will encourage and remind us of God’s surprising blessings. I know there are places where mission is hard and we are losing ground to the enemy, but there are settings where, despite the challenge, obedient faith and personal conviction are enabling bursts of growth, renewal of mission and fresh engagement in building God’s kingdom. Have you been surprised by God lately? Is God doing a new thing where you are? Commissioner Brian Peddle is the territorial commander of the Canada and Bermuda Territory.
Trapped in a burning car, Tom Ellwood’s life was literally hanging in the balance
BY KEN RAMSTEAD, EDITOR, FAITH & FRIENDS AND FOI & VIE
ou’re on fire! Get out! Get out!” “Where am I?” Tom Ellwood thought to himself as he came to. His car was high off the ground, wedged between two trees in a valley. The front end of his car was pointing downward with the driver’s side facing the sky. What was left of the airbag hung limply across his steering wheel. He could smell smoke and hear the warning voice but he couldn’t free himself from his seat belt. “God, am I going to die here?”
The Accident That morning was just another day at the office for the lifelong member of The Salvation Army. As an inspector of independent schools for the British Columbia Ministry of Education, the retired teacher flew to remote areas or travelled by car to out-of-the-way schools to monitor compliance among more than 450 independent, religious and First Nations schools. Ellwood’s “office” was usually a fold-down airplane tray or a car dashboard. On this May day in 2012, Ellwood flew to Terrace, B.C., got up early and drove the six hours to the little town of Iskut to conduct an inspection of the First Nations school there. He was on his way back to Terrace that afternoon to catch a plane home. Traffic was light and Ellwood occasionally stopped by the side of the road to take photos of the black and grizzly bears ambling along the highway. Ellwood had learned to take frequent breaks on long drives and was looking for a place to pull over when something—a bear or large animal—dashed in front of the car. Ellwood instinctively swerved and the car shot off the road. Close Call “According to the RCMP, I went over a 25-metre cliff,” says Ellwood. “Despite my lack of pilot training,” he laughs, “my car executed a perfect half-roll and lodged between two trees 10 metres off the ground.”
“God must have some other plans for me,” says Tom Ellwood
A groggy Ellwood awoke to frantic shouts: “You’re on fire, you’re on fire! Get out! Get out!” “That woke me up, fast,” he says. “I looked around. The airbag had deployed, the steering wheel was broken, the car was an absolute mess, and that voice was right: There were flames at my feet!” Trapped by his seat belt, Ellwood had the presence of mind to hit the seat lever, the seat went flat and he was free. In pain, he tried to shimmy down the
The mangled, burnt-out wreck of Ellwood’s car
tree but lost his grip and fell. “My fall was broken by the Good Samaritan whose voice I’d heard,” continues Ellwood. “The man had been bicycling to a baseball game when he saw the smoke. Dialing 911 on his cellphone, he’d scrambled down into the dense bush, yelling at me up in the car all the while.” Grabbing the exhausted Ellwood, he pulled him to safety, saying, “We’ve got to get out of here, it’s going to come down and blow up.” “I was battered and couldn’t move another step,” Ellwood says. “I told him to leave me but he refused and started to drag me away. This stranger was risking his own life to save me.” And a good thing, too. Burning out of control, Ellwood’s car crashed to the ground, right where he had been minutes before. “I Owe My Life to Him” Alerted by the 911 call, the local fire chief from the nearby village of Kitwanga and some volunteer first responders swiftly descended on the scene. By the time the RCMP arrived, there were more Salvationist I July 2013 I 21
“The airbag had deployed, the steering wheel was broken, the car was an absolute mess, and there were flames at my feet” After two days in Prince Rupert, Ellwood was flown to Victoria General Hospital, blocks from his home. He had a broken sternum, punctured ribs and a collapsed lung. Months of recuperation have followed. “But I’m on the road to recovery,” smiles Ellwood. He is fully aware of the second chance he’s been given. “I should have died twice, once in the crash and the other when the car blew up. I’m 77, so God must have some other plans for me,” he says. “An accident such as this changes you,” he continues. “You realize that life is precious and can be taken away in the twinkling of an eye. I intend to use the time I have been given well. “I found out that the name of the man who saved me is Vincent Daniels, but despite my repeated calls, I have never been able to speak to him in person and thank him for saving my life,” Ellwood goes on to say. “I’ve written to the Governor General asking that he be recognized for what he did but if Vincent reads this, I hope he knows I owe my life to him.” 22 I July 2013 I Salvationist
IN REVIEW The Impossible
Directed by Juan Antonio Bayona The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami was one of the worst natural disasters in recorded history, killing more than 230,000 people and overwhelming coastal communities with waves as high as 30 metres. Based on the true accounts of people who survived the tsunami, The Impossible (now on DVD and Blu-ray) follows Maria and Henry Bennet (Naomi Watts and Ewan McGregor) and their three sons who are on holiday in Thailand when the tsunami hits. When Maria and her son, Lucas, are swept away, she is seriously injured and the two are separated from the rest of the family. Determined to reunite with them, Henry begins the difficult search for Maria and Lucas, while Maria fights for her life in a local hospital. The Impossible is a tense drama, but it’s also a story of great love and kindness, as the survivors pull together and help one another in the aftermath of the disaster. With strong direction and solid acting—Watts was nominated for both an Oscar and a Golden Globe for her performance—The Impossible is a powerful and affecting film.
Weakness Is the Way: Life with Christ Our Strength
by J.I. Packer “For when I am weak, then I am strong” (2 Corinthians 12:10). The Apostle Paul’s words are counterintuitive and countercultural in a world that prizes individual strength and self-sufficiency. Many of us see weakness as being purely negative, but the Bible shows that it is central to our Christian life. In Weakness Is the Way, a collection of meditations on 2 Corinthians, renowned Canadian Bible scholar and theologian J.I. Packer reflects on his experience of weakness, having been hit by a bread truck as a child and now, in his mid-80s, facing the realities of aging. Packer encourages readers to look to Christ for strength, affirmation and contentment in the midst of their own sin and frailty. With pastoral care, he emphasizes that weakness is not a defect and ultimately directs readers to the ever-present and allsufficient God whose power is made perfect in weakness.
Directed by Kevin Miller What is hell? For many people, it’s a place where the wicked are tormented for eternity. But not all Christians take this view. Some argue that we can have a loving God or we can have eternal hell, but we can’t have both. Hellbound? (now on DVD and Blu-ray) is a featurelength documentary by Canadian Kevin Miller that goes right to the centre of this debate. The film includes interviews with a wide range of people—from pastors to theologians, musicians and authors—such as Mark Driscoll, pastor of Seattle’s Mars Hill Church; author and speaker Brian McLaren; Ron Dart, professor of religion; William Paul Young, author of The Shack; and leaders of the notorious Westboro Baptist Church. With views from across the theological spectrum, Hellbound? raises many important questions about the nature of God, justice and grace that should get Christians and non-Christians alike thinking.
Photo: Apaches Entertainment/ Telecino Cinema
than 30 cars by the side of the road. Hoisted out of the ravine on a stretcher, Ellwood was rushed to the hospital in New Hazelton, where along with the medical staff, two Salvation Army captains were there to meet him. From there, he was sent to the larger hospital in Prince Rupert. “In Prince Rupert, I received excellent treatment,” says Ellwood. “The Salvation Army network had already kicked in and the local corps sergeantmajor arrived to pray with me. I found out later that word of my misfortune spread like wildfire within the Army and prayer chains had sprang into action on my behalf. God answers prayer!”
REVIEW BY KRISTIN FRYER, STAFF WRITER
hat does popular culture have to do with the Christian faith? At times, it might seem that they stand in opposition. Violent films, explicit lyrics and celebrity gossip can drive some Christians away. But others spend hours every week listening to top-40 radio, browsing the Internet and playing the latest video games. What’s the right approach? With Popcultured, Steve Turner offers answers to both questions, arguing that Christians should not reject popular culture in its entirety but also should not just embrace it wholesale. A Christian approach to pop culture requires spiritual and critical engagement. Turner begins the book by outlining several reasons why culture matters, pointing out that we can learn from culture (“Truth is truth whoever may say it, and because people are made by God they can’t help discovering and passing on truth”), and that pop culture is an important forum for ideas and debate. The cultural revolution of the 1960s, for example, was largely aided by musicians and filmmakers who saw the opportunity for change and seized it. If Christians want to play a meaningful part in the ongoing cultural debate, we have to understand the language and arguments being used before we jump in and try to contribute—as the Apostle Paul did when he approached the Athenians at the Areopagus (see Acts 17:16-34). After arguing in favour of engagement with popular culture, Turner discusses various kinds of media and suggests a Christian approach to each. Popcultured covers everything from movies and television, to journalism, fashion, photography and advertising. Regardless of the medium, his guiding principle is Paul’s instruction that we test everything and hold fast to what is good (see 1 Thessalonians 5:21). At the same time, he cautions readers to use their time wisely, arguing that being constantly “plugged in” can hinder the meditative life. Popcultured is practical throughout—each chapter ends with questions for reflection or discussion, a list of resources for further reading and five suggestions for action. Turner tries to cover a lot of ground in just 250 pages— and because of that, Popcultured feels more like a collection of articles than a typical book. But Turner’s book is united by the theme that culture is not inherently bad and, with the right kind of engagement, can yield enormous benefits.
Online campaign encourages people to donate clothes A CEO’s controversial comments have sparked a new campaign to clothe people who are homeless. Los Angeles-based writer Greg Karber started the campaign after learning that Mike Jeffries, CEO of Abercrombie & Fitch, once told Salon that his company marketed to “cool, goodlooking people. We don’t market to anyone other than that.” He also said that a lot of people “don’t belong” in their clothes. Karber created a YouTube video, now viewed over seven million times, where he relates these comments and then heads down to skid row in Los Angeles and hands out Abercrombie & Fitch clothes to the homeless people living there. The video encourages others to “Fitch the homeless.” As well as support, the campaign has attracted criticism. Some critics have argued that the campaign degrades homeless people by implying that they are lowly and ugly, the opposite of the “good-looking people” Jeffries wants to attract.
New book shows how Christians can engage with popular culture
Clothier Gets a Brand Re-adjustment
Greg Karber hands out Abercrombie & Fitch clothes to homeless people
The Bible Heading to Theatres Film will focus on the Resurrection
Following the success of The Bible mini-series, which broke viewing records when it aired on the History Channel earlier this year, producers are now working on a three-hour movie version. Executive producer Mark Burnett told The Hollywood Reporter that the film, which he hopes will be ready for release in the fall, will focus on the Resurrection of Jesus. Burnett also said that it’s possible that more stories will be told for The Bible mini-series. “I do have scripts in my bag that I just received today for what’s next,” he told the Reporter. If the series continues, the stories would be set “in the same world.” Salvationist I July 2013 I 23
Photo: The History Channel
IN THE NEWS
ENROLMENTS AND RECOGNITION
LEAMINGTON, ONT.—Cpts Corvin and Charlene Vincent, COs, enrol and warmly welcome two senior soldiers and 14 adherents to the corps family in Leamington.
SARNIA, ONT.—Corps members who took part in a two-day training seminar for emergency disaster services, including the handling and delivery of food, receive certificates and badges to mark the completion of the course. Participants become part of the local team but can also choose to be available for divisional, national or North American deployments. Front, from left, Mjr Drucella Pollard, CO; June Jeacock; Margaret Willis; Rita Price; Dianne Davidson; Wendy Foster; Susan Platt; Mjr Rick Pollard, CO. Back, from left, Earl McMillan, Cynthia Thibert, Tony Jeacock, John Codling, Mike Street, John Platt.
ST. JOHN’S, N.L.—Four senior soldiers are enrolled by Commissioner Brian Peddle, territorial commander, during 125th anniversary celebrations at St. John’s Citadel. From left, Mjrs Brian and Valerie Wheeler, COs; Katie Gillingham; Zachary Wheeler; Jonathan Pike; ACSM Matthew Osmond, holding the flag; Ann Lane; Commissioner Rosalie Peddle, territorial president of women’s ministries; Commissioner Brian Peddle. ENGLEE, N.L.—The corps family in Englee is pleased to welcome two new junior soldiers. From left, CSM Mae Randell; Norman Randell, colour sergeant; Bessie Compton, acting YPSM; Mar tina Fillier, junior soldier; Mjr Beatrice Bingle, CO; Jada Ellsworth, junior soldier; Mjr Henry Bingle, CO; Shirley Randell, acting JSS. 24 I July 2013 I Salvationist
CARBONEAR, N.L.—The 50+ Fellowship at the corps in Carbonear is a vibrant ministry that brings together approximately 50 people each month. One of the activities enjoyed by the fellowship is a knitters’ group under the leadership of Eileen Snow. The knitters have been busy making warm toques for children in need overseas, with more than 2,000 toques distributed in war-torn countries through the I Cross Canada organization. Gideon Mansfield, a Salvationist from nearby Lower Trinity Corps, attends the group in Carbonear and was honoured with a certificate of appreciation for knitting 116 toques while hospitalized for chemotherapy treatments.
CORNER BROOK, N.L.—Five new junior soldiers proudly display their certificates at Corner Brook Temple. From left, Mjrs Calvin and Loretta Fudge, then COs; Isis Lavigne; Andrew Leonard; Heather Flight; Kate White; Rachel Reid; Colleen Strickland, junior soldier leader; YPSM Jason Reid. CAMBRIDGE, ONT.— Boston Barry is enrolled as Cambridge Citadel’s newest junior soldier. Welcoming him are Mjrs Scott and Michelle Rideout, then COs; Steve Baker, junior soldier teacher; YPSM Gloria Freake.
BAY ROBERTS, N.L.—Jordan Hillier, Isabella Pottle and Shawna Dawe are all smiles as they are enrolled as junior soldiers. With them are, from left, Cpts Morgan and Lisa Hillier, then COs; Laura Saunders and Mjr Albert Pennell, junior action leaders.
FREDERICTON—Ten young people are actively involved in the Kids of the King puppet group at Fredericton CC. Active since 2005, the enthusiastic puppeteers and their puppet friends participate in Sunday worship services, most recently giving a presentation under the theme See You in Church.
WOODSTOCK, N.B.—Grace Veldmeijer is enrolled as a senior soldier at Woodstock CC by Cpt Laverne Fudge, CO.
ENGLEE, N.L.—Shirley Randell is commissioned as community care ministries secretary at Englee Corps. From left, CSM Mae Randell; Norman Randell, colour sergeant; Mjr Beatrice Bingle, CO; Shirley Randell; Mjr Henry Bingle, CO.
FREDERICTON—Taylor Swartz, Joshua Schriver, Tye Swartz, Jennifer Earle, MacKenzie Earle and Andrea Earle proudly display their enrolment certificates as they become junior soldiers at Fredericton CC. Supporting them are Cpt Herbert Goodridge, holding the flag; Mjrs Judy and Larry Goudie, COs; Joan Rowsell, who taught the preparation class. STONEY CREEK, ONT.—Makayla Colbourne and Jonah Burleigh are enrolled as junior soldiers at Winterberr y Heights Church by their grandparents, Mjrs Archibald and Marie Simmonds. Joining in the celebration are Mjrs Paul and Kelly Rideout, COs; CSM Len Burleigh, holding the flag.
YARMOUTH, N.S.—Following more than 60 years of combined service, three local officers retire at Yarmouth CC: Prudence Muise, corps cadet counsellor for 25 years; Norma Fenton, junior soldier sergeant for 21 years; Hugh Nickerson, quartermaster for 17 years. With them are Mjrs Peter and Janice Rowe, COs.
FREDERICTON—Justin Russell receives a certificate and pin recognizing his acceptance into the Candidates’ Fellowship from his corps officers, Mjrs Larry and Judy Goudie, at Fredericton CC.
GUELPH, ONT.— Caitlin Briggs is the newest senior soldier at Guelph Citadel. Imm e diate ly following her enrolment, she joined her mother, Carolyn Briggs, and her grandmother, Susanne Jones, in the songsters to become the third generation of her family to sing together in the group.
SPRINGDALE, N.L.—Anna Brooks and Alex Burton are excited to be the newest junior soldiers at Springdale Corps. Welcoming them to the ranks are Mjrs Robert and Cassie Kean, COs; Dena Brooks, junior soldier leader. Salvationist I July 2013 I 25
SASKATOON—Saskatoon Temple’s newest adherents and senior soldiers display their certificates following their enrolment. From left, Sylvia Stevenson, Rod Lazenby, Nadine Lazenby, adherents; Ivor Thokle, holding the flag; Mjr Dorothy Munday; Juliana Oludeyi, Rebecca Oludeyi, Abigael Oludeyi, senior soldiers; Mjr Don Law, CO.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.—As part of New Westminster Citadel’s 125th anniversary celebrations, Colonel Floyd Tidd, then chief secretary, enrols three senior soldiers. From left, Colonel Tracey Tidd, then territorial secretary for women’s ministries; Cdt Sharon Tidd, corps leader; Andrea Webster, senior soldier; Cpt David MacPherson, DYS, B.C. Div, holding the flag; Bob Becker, senior soldier; Kelly Harrington, senior soldier; Colonel Floyd Tidd.
WINNIPEG—Heritage Park Temple Band had the privilege of playing the Canadian and American national anthems at a Winnipeg Jets game in April, accompanying local singer Stacey Nattrass. This is the second time the band has been invited to play the anthems at a game. The Salvation Army is currently in discussions with the hockey club to make this an annual event.
WINNIPEG—Leaders at Weston CC found a unique way to make the children in their congregation aware of how The Salvation Army helps people in places around the world. Each Sunday during children’s time, using the money collected the previous week for Partners in Mission, the children “purchased” items for Weston Village, a fictitious community in Malawi that is home to a young boy named Moyenda. The young people “spent” money on such things as clean water, shoes and farm animals. From left, then Cdt Tina Howard, who was brigading at Weston CC from Winnipeg’s CFOT; Julian Howard; Samuel Chirinos; Benjamin Tim; William Hoeft; Xandre Nelson; Raymond Nelson; Abigail Howard; Allison Chirinos; Bethany Tim; then Cdt Laura Hickman, who was brigading at Weston CC from Winnipeg’s CFOT.
Officers Receive Jubilee Medal HAMILTON, ONT.—Caleb Hopkins and Matthew Sobierajski are enrolled as soldiers at Mountain Citadel during a recent visit of Lt-Cols Lee and Deborah Graves, then divisional leaders in the Ont. GL Div. From left, Mjrs Darryl and Cathy Simms, COs; Caleb Hopkins; CSM Dan Wallace, holding the flag, who led the preparation classes; Matthew Sobierajski; Lt-Cols Deborah and Lee Graves.
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BARRIE, ONT.—Mjrs R oy an d Char l e n e Randell, chaplains at Toronto Don Jail and Scarborough Hospital resp e c tive l y, have received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal. The medal commemorates Queen Elizabeth II’s accession to the throne and recognizes Canadians whose services and achievements have improved Canadian society. The Randells were nominated by the City of Barrie for their significant contributions to the community while they served as the executive director and assistant executive director of the Army’s Barrie Bayside Mission Centre. From left, Barrie Mayor Jeff Lehman, who presented the medals; Mjrs Roy and Charlene Randell.
TRIBUTES CHILLIWACK, B.C.—Born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1933, Major John Denis Moore was born into the family of God in 1969 at Vancouver Harbour Light. In 1972, he married Captain Diane Harris and entered training college in the Soldiers of the Cross Session in 1973. Following his commissioning in 1975, they ministered in corps and Harbour Light appointments before serving in the New Zealand and Fiji Territory for four years. Prior to retirement, they served at the then Ontario Metro Toronto and British Columbia North and Yukon Territory divisional headquarters. The majority of John’s working life was spent as an Army officer, where, as he put it, he “helped people who couldn’t help themselves.” John loved the Lord, all creatures, fairness, encouraging others, golf, soccer and any kindness done for him. Even though very ill, his sense of humour was evident and he never complained, but bravely endured. John is survived by his much-loved wife, Diane; brother, Bill (Liz); brothers- and sisters-inlaw Dave (Janice), Margaret, Donna (Bob); numerous nieces, nephews, great-nieces, great-nephews and cousins. FORT ERIE, ONT.—Flora Baer Nelson was born in Munson, Alta., in 1915. In 1932, she journeyed to Kingston, Ont., to enter nurses’ training. Flora returned to Munson and married John Baer, later moving to Hamilton, Ont., where she came to know the Lord as her Saviour at the then Hamilton Temple. The Baer family moved to Fort Erie where Flora owned and operated Maple Brae nursing home. After her husband passed away, she married Lt-Colonel John Nelson. Flora was an active soldier at Fort Erie Corps where she served as corps cadet guardian, home league secretary and league of mercy secretary. Known as “Mrs. Salvation Army,” she brought cheer to many in nursing homes and hospital by her visits and involvement in services. Flora was committed to God for service to others and many were blessed. Her influence will continue to be felt in the lives she touched. Flora is survived by children Emerson “Butch” (Eileen), Jane, Donna (Dale); other relatives; eight grandchildren; seven great-grandchildren. NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.—Major Sarah Evelyn Powell was born in 1923 in Charleroi, Pennsylvania. In 1928, her family moved to Nelson, B.C., where they were active in the local Salvation Army corps. Following in her brother Tom’s footsteps, Evelyn entered training college in the Warriors Session in 1946. Upon completion of her training, she ministered throughout Saskatchewan and at Alberta Divisional Headquarters and territorial headquarters. In 1959, Evelyn was appointed to Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) where she served at Chikankata Hospital, Howard Institute and Usher Institute. Returning to Canada in 1976, Evelyn was the administrator of Maywood Girls Home until retiring in 1983. In retirement, Evelyn worked at Vancouver Family Services, as treasurer for the Vancouver league of mercy and bookkeeper for Southview Lodge. She remained active in Southmount Corps and hosted Bible studies in her home into her 80s. Beloved by her family and friends, Evelyn was a humble, gracious and faithful witness and servant of Christ who genuinely loved and cared about people. She is survived by her sister, Ruth Powell; many nieces and nephews. BRAMPTON, ONT.—Helen Watkinson (nee Fowler) was a lifelong member of The Salvation Army. Born in Kitchener, Ont., she moved to Montreal at a young age and attended Park Extension Corps, where she was enrolled as a junior soldier and then senior soldier and was actively involved in all aspects of corps life. In 1964, she moved to Toronto where she began her career. During her time in Toronto she was a soldier at Earlscourt Citadel, Dovercourt Citadel and Etobicoke Temple. Helen was always ready to help wherever she was needed and will be remembered for her kindness and compassion. Helen was a successful human resources professional and founder of Courtney Personnel. She will be sadly missed by her loving husband, Brian; children; grandchildren; great-grandchild; sisters Ruth Harris (Eric), Joan Huchuk (Ken) and their families.
CRANBROOK, B.C.—Mrs. Captain Winnifred “Winnie” Phelps was commissioned in 1978 as a member of the Disciples of Jesus Session. True to her sessional name and life verse of “In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths” (Proverbs 3:6 KJV), Winnie and her husband, Frank, were true disciples who brought the love of God and a servant’s heart to all their appointments. A willing participant in all corps activities, she was a huge support wherever and whenever she ministered. After retiring from active service in 1990, Winnie remained an active member of the home league and seniors group, and was truly saddened when ill health kept her from attending. Winnie will be sadly missed by family and friends. TORONTO—Brigadier Constance “Connie” Maria Lancaster was born in Winchelsea, Sussex, England, in 1908. In 1914, she arrived in Canada with two brothers and a sister under the auspices of The Salvation Army. For the next 13 years, Connie lived on an Ontario farm but did not know where her siblings were until she received a letter on her 16th birthday from her sister. At 18, she joined her sister in Toronto and began attending the Army. She accepted Christ and entered the training college in 1928 in the Centenary Crusaders Session. Her first appointment to the Ottawa Grace Hospital began 39 years of service in hospitals and girls’ homes where Connie used her nurses’ training. Her final appointments were to Bermuda Divisional Headquarters and the training college. Connie was a resident at Isobel and Arthur Meighen Manor and a soldier at East Toronto Citadel. She enjoyed painting, ceramics, knitting, crocheting and tatting, and blessed many with her gracious spirit. Connie is missed by her family in Canada and England. DEER LAKE, N.L.—Cherry Irene Madonna Sparkes (nee Anstey) was born and raised in Deer Lake. She married the love of her life, Milton Sparkes, and together they built a wonderful legacy of family, friends and laughter. Cherry, also known as Chig to those who knew and loved her, was a long-time supporter of the Deer Lake Corps. She was enrolled as a senior soldier in 1991 and was involved in the home league. Serving as cradle roll sergeant, Cherry supported the local Christmas toy drive and performed many generous acts of kindness. Left to mourn with fond and loving memories are her husband of 47 years, Milton; sons Brad and Brent (Jennifer); sisters Vera Croucher, Dorothy McMillian (Dave); brothers Milton (Roberta), Albert (Sharon), Sean (Ruth); sisters-in-law Betty Guy (David), Doris Park (Harry), June Sparkes; brothers-in-law Bud (Lorraine), Leslie (Nancy); special nephew, Clarence Anstey, and family; a large circle of nieces, nephews, cousins and friends.
TERRITORIAL Appointments Cpts Orest/Tracy Goyak, The Caring Place—A Salvation Army Ministry—The Church in Action, Maple Ridge, B.C. Div; Mjr Sharon Hayward, professional practice leader, spiritual and religious care, Toronto Grace Health Centre, social services department, THQ; Mjr Brenda Murray, assistant under secretary, administration department, IHQ Births Lts Jeffery/Graciela Arkell, son, Josiah Christopher William, May 7 Promoted to glory Mjr William Reader, from Gander, N.L., Apr 14; Mjr John Moore, from Chilliwack, B.C., Apr 15; Lt-Col William Kerr, from Toronto, May 9; Brg William Carey, from Leamington, Ont., May 12; Cpt Duncan Currie, from Dunnville, Ont., May 21; Mjr Amelia Loveless, from Winnipeg, May 21; Mjr John Phelan, from Halifax, May 22
Colonels Mark and Sharon Tillsley Jul 13-14 opening of Barbara Mitchell Family Resource Centre, Calgary Salvationist I July 2013 I 27
A Sheep’s Worth
Never underestimate the value of sheep to a shepherd
Photo: © iStockphoto.com/rtyree1
BY MAJOR FRED ASH
Suppose you own a number of pets— several dogs, a cat, a couple of hamsters and a bird—and one of them wanders away. Will you not leave all your pets at home and scour the neighbourhood for the missing one? And when you find it, will you not joyfully bring it back and inform your children and friends (even those on Facebook) that you found your lost pet? I tell you that in the same way, your Father in heaven is not willing for anyone to perish.
hat’s not exactly how Jesus told this parable. But it could be the way he would have told it if he were addressing a Canadian audience today. When Jesus told the original Parable of the Lost Sheep (see Matthew 18:12-14; Luke 15:3-7), he was speaking to a nation whose culture and religion centred on sheep. Everyone owned at least one sheep, even if only for the brief time when purchased for sacrifice. Flocks numbering tens of thousands roamed the hills and valleys. The air 28 I July 2013 I Salvationist
was filled with the sound and smell of sheep. The blood of sheep ran down the altar at the temple in a steady stream as the daily sacrifices were carried out. The history of the nation was built upon sheep. King David, the greatest of Israel’s rulers, had been a shepherd. People were counted wealthy or poor according to the number of sheep they owned. Sheepshearing was a time of celebration and festivity. Sheep were valuable. A lot of clothes were made from sheep’s wool and many meals were prepared using lamb meat. Sheep was a topic that the average Israelite could readily identify with. So Jesus tuned in to the culture of his day and used it to communicate eternal truth associated with the kingdom of God. By comparison, not many Canadian households own sheep. We do, however, own a lot of pets. According to one poll, 53 percent of Canadians own a cat or a dog. Add to this the households who own rabbits, parakeets, hamsters, turtles and whatever, and we must be getting
close to 70 percent of our population who are pet owners. And we don’t mind shelling out our hard-earned money for these beloved ones. Recent statistics show that the pet industry is worth more than $8.9 billion a year. About 83 percent of us consider our pet to be a family member. Some of us allow our pets to sleep on our beds. Some of us have our pet’s picture on display. Most of us talk to our pets and share stories about them with our friends. As Israel was a nation of sheep owners, we are a nation of pet owners. Most of us know the angst, worry and terror of losing a pet. And most of us know how desperate we are to find that lost pet. A relative of mine recently spent an entire night looking for a runaway dog. She recruited family, friends and neighbours, posted a message on Facebook, asked for prayer and was in the process of putting up posters when a stranger found the wanderer. The rejoicing over the return of that doggie was akin to that of the shepherd who found his lost sheep. But the parable—because it is a parable and not an historical event—is not about lost sheep or lost pets. It is about you and me. It is about all the lost people in the world. It is about our God who is the Good Shepherd. The human race is like a sheep that has wandered from the fold. It is like a pet that has run away from home. Neither the sheep nor the pet realizes that it is lost until it is too late for it to return. It wanders aimlessly on the hills or the back roads of town hoping to find a way back, desperately trying to stay alive. In a similar way, we have all chosen our own way at various times in our lives. We’ve wandered aimlessly, missing the comfort and safety of God’s presence. But God does not sit and wait for us to find our own way home. He leaves the shelter of the fold, goes out into the night and scours the world, looking for the lost ones. The message of the parable is simple: God cares for you. The Israelites who heard about the lost sheep got the message and rejoiced. Whether we cast the parable in images of sheep or pets the message is the same—God is looking for you because he cares for you. Major Fred Ash is a retired Salvation Army officer, freelance writer and editor living in Barrie, Ont.
Savour the Saviour
Meditation is about taking time to chew before swallowing
Photo: © iStockphoto.com/yorkfoto
BY MAJOR DAVID IVANY
May the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be pleasing in your sight, O Lord, my Rock and my Redeemer (Psalm 19:14 NIV).
ecently I had the privilege of sharing one-on-one meditation exercises with seminarians in India. A couple of them were spiritually energized by the exercise. They had been kept from the practice, which critics viewed as New Age, non-Christian and psychologically manipulative. One student told of a Christian friend who was converting to Hinduism so he could relish the meditative aspect of that tradition. Celebration of Discipline, Richard Foster’s groundbreaking book, has been a prophetic voice to the church—countering misconceptions and mistruths about spiritual disciplines and unearthing long-forgotten established practices such as meditation that were once part of daily Christian living. Meditation is a potent antidote to our world of noise, hurry and crowds. While misunderstood, and prone to legalism and “works” salvation, meditation is a valid soul-training exercise that helps to form us into the image of Jesus Christ. To envision what it’s like, picture a
cow chewing on its cud in an open field. Meditating is taking your time, listening and being present. I would not order an expensive steak and swallow it in two mouthfuls. The expense alone warrants taking the time to savour each bite, chewing slowly to release the flavour and goodness and allowing time for my system to digest it. This is also a depiction of meditation. We sometimes treat our devotional time like junk food, fries and a burger— grabbed and swallowed on the run. Meditation is countercultural, counter-utilitarian and counter-church. It flies in the face of our increasingly “urgent lives” driven by our “time-saving” communication devices. As the season of Lent teaches us, there is a benefit in denying ourselves and making time for soul exercises. To perform these exercises, we need to let go of certain things so that we can receive what God wants to give us. If our hands are full and our schedules jampacked, it will be impossible to receive anything else. Richard Foster shares two simple exercises for someone beginning the practice of meditation: 1. Palms down, palms up. Begin by placing palms down, symbolic of your desire to turn over your concerns to God.
Then pray, “I release my anxiety over the exam I will write this afternoon” or another concern you want to give to God. After moments of surrender, turn your palms up, saying to the Lord, “I receive your peace about the exam.” Then sit in silence without any agenda. Just enjoy being with God. This practice may feel strange at first, but over time you will see the effects of quiet soul-time with God. 2. Focused breathing. Sit up comfortably in a chair and pay attention to your breathing. Slowly inhale, hold and exhale. You will become aware of tension in your body. Exhale your concerns. Inhale the light and love of God who indwells you. If your attention wanders—and it will—take those thoughts and park them, don’t fight them, and return to your breathing. Psalm 1:3 compares someone who is blessed to a fruitful, prosperous tree. This person’s secret? “His delight is in the law of the Lord, and on his law he meditates day and night” (Psalm 1:2 ESV). As you make time to be with God, you create the “good soil,” which God can use to grow his fruit through the Spirit. Major David Ivany is a certified spiritual director who serves with the pastoral services team at Canada and Bermuda’s territorial headquarters. He and his wife are the corps officers at Regent Park’s Corps 614 in Toronto.
1) Choose a time and place where you can be still and meditate (e.g. a favourite chair or familiar walking path). 2) Begin with one of the two exercises: palms down, palms up or focused breathing. 3) Read a psalm, passage of Scripture or an extract such as “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me.” Repeat it and let it flow through you. Take time to “chew on the words,” savouring the thoughts. 4) Jot down in a journal what took place, even if your thoughts seem insignificant. Review this daily or weekly. 5) If possible, share your insights with a friend or mentor. 6) Thank God for his goodness and presence. Salvationist I July 2013 I 29
TIES THAT BIND
Caution: Tough Times Ahead Are Christians guilty of sheltering their kids? BY MAJOR KATHIE CHIU
30 I July 2013 I Salvationist
Photo: © iStockphoto/MariaPavlova
ife is difficult.” That’s the way the book started. I thought, “Oh no, this is going to be a tough read!” However, I soon found myself absorbed in one of the most influential books of the 20th century. Written 35 years ago by M. Scott Peck, The Road Less Travelled is filled with wisdom and nuggets of truth that take you on a journey to becoming a whole and fulfilled human being. If things are difficult for you, welcome to life; things were never meant to be easy. In this age where one in 10 Canadian children live in poverty and an embarrassing mistake can make you a victim of cyberbullying, how do we teach children to accept and cope with the reality that life is difficult? How do we help and show them the hope we have? I know Jesus is the answer, but knowing him won’t make the difficulties in their lives suddenly disappear. What it will do is give them a powerful ally to walk through life with. As parents, we need to trust God, take a step back and let children grow through their trials. When our son won’t get out of bed for class because he stayed up too late, he suffers the consequences—he misses his ride and has to walk or take the bus. When our children break something valuable, they pay for it out of their allowance or part-time jobs. When our children don’t do the chores assigned to them, they don’t get their iPod or video game time. If they’re going to live at home they have to contribute. It’s called discipline. And we repeat it over and over until it becomes a way of life for them. Peck said, “When we teach ourselves and our children discipline, we are teaching them and ourselves how to suffer and also how to grow.” Christine Gross-Loh recently wrote in the Huffington Post that parents in North America have it all backward. She looked at the different methods of raising children around the world and concluded that we protect our children too much from the difficulties of life. We spoil them, give them everything we think they need to be successful, help
“Parents in North America have it all backward … we protect our children too much from the difficulties in life” them too much and are overprotective. We don’t let them climb trees or get dirty or use knives and we certainly never let them go hungry. We do our best to keep them happy and satisfied. We also work hard to keep them safe from dangers in the world. It wasn’t too long ago that Lenore Skenazy, author of Free-Range Kids, was vilified for letting her nineyear-old son take the subway in New York. Yet she believes it’s the way to help children become safe and self-reliant. When my two youngest children were growing up, they were exposed to people
who led difficult lives. My husband and I worked with people who were homeless and addicted. They attended our church, sat nearby during services, came to my office to talk while the boys played with their blocks on the floor, held my babies for me when I was busy, fixed bicycle wheels for them and scoured the building and neighbourhood for them when they decided to hide in a cupboard one day. Aside from giving my boys a sense of compassion for people, these experiences also had a side benefit—they knew there were pitfalls for people and that life was difficult. In the Bible, James tells us that suffering is part of the Christian experience. It builds the character and discipline we need to get through life and face tough times. My prayer is not that my children’s lives won’t be difficult, but that, as a parent, I’ll be able to give them the practical and spiritual tools they will need to handle the difficult times they’re going to have. Major Kathie Chiu is the executive director of Victoria’s Addictions and Rehabilitation Centre.
National 2013 Canada and Bermudaâ€™s Territorial Music Camp, August 24-31 For ages 16 to 30 Jacksonâ€™s Point Conference Centre
For more information contact the Music and Gospel Arts Department at 416-422-6154 or Kevin_Metcalf@can.salvationarmy.org Registration fee: $250 Applications available online at salvationist.ca/nationalmusiccamp For address changes or subscription information contact (416) 422-6119 or email@example.com. Allow 4-6 weeks for changes. PM 40064794