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Reflections From the Holy Land

Original Sin: Are We Good or Evil?

Standing Up to the Bullies

Salvationist The Voice of the Army 

Embracing Soul Care Army chaplains

and the art of spiritual accompaniment I January 2012


In War and Peace

At the Battlefront Thank you for a very fine article on The Salvation Army and its work with the military and the Canadian Forces over the years (“At the Battlefront,” November 2011). The Salvation Army has a rich 100year history of providing officers to the T military, starting with the New Zealand Territory in 1907. It is a unique and rewarding ministry, which few have had a chance to experience. Since the closing of the last Red Shield Services in the Canada and Bermuda Territory in 1993, fewer people than ever know how much our Movement impacted soldiers, sailors and air personnel. Our story needs to continue to be told. I remember as a young soldier serving in Lahr, Germany, in the late 1970s participating on military manoeuvres in Bavaria, the Canadian Red Shield Club was always present, embedded in military convoys and training areas to provide encouragement and spiritual help to soldiers. Captain/Major Patrick Lublink Whether in times of peace or war, The Salvation Army offers spiritual, physical and emotional support to military personnel

Photos: Territorial Archives, Canada and Bermuda


Salvationists were embedded with the troops, offering services such as mobile canteens

he history of civilization is an account of wars that have been won and lost. Since its inception, The Salvation Army has supported military personnel while at the same time eschewing war. We are “the worldwide Army without guns.” The written record of Salvationist service to the armed forces is varied, though it barely captures the extent of Christian service to victors and victims alike, guided by leaders such as General Bramwell Booth who said, “Every land is my fatherland, for all lands are my Father’s,” and who removed the word “foreign” from the Salvation Army’s official vocabulary. During the Boer War in South Africa, around the turn of the last century, the Army provided assistance and support to military and civilian personnel. Several years earlier, in 1894, William Booth

founded the Naval and Military Union, later known as The Naval, Military and Air Force League of The Salvation Army. Officers serving in the league provided chaplaincy and “homelike” meeting places, the forerunner of Red Shield Centres. Within a few days of the commencement of the First World War, the Army offered help to the troops. Salvation Army officers served as official and unofficial chaplains and gave general assistance to the soldiers. Eight Canadian officers served in the Canadian forces as fully commissioned military chaplains. International Headquarters donated 30 ambulances, and the Salvationist drivers formed a brass band that provided impromptu concerts. American Salvationists became known during the First World War for their doughnuts. Evangeline Booth wrote of

their hugely appreciated ministry in The War Romance of The Salvation Army. She said, “One of our women officers on being told by the colonel of the regiment she would be killed if she persisted in serving her doughnuts and cocoa to the men while under heavy fire replied, ‘Colonel, we can die with the men but we cannot leave them.’ ” Australian Brigadier William McKenzie volunteered for service with the Australian troops during the First World War and was appointed chaplain. He became legendary. Moving across the shell-shocked slopes he heard a fatally wounded soldier faintly calling, “Padre, do you know a Catholic prayer?” “Say after me, my boy,” said McKenzie. “God be merciful to me a sinner. I lay my sins on Jesus.” This was McKenzie’s message to soldiers in life and in death.

20 I November 2011 I Salvationist

Support our Troops Corporal Chris Tidd has shown us a view of loss from an angle that we cannot see (Salvationist. ca/2011/11/lest-we-forget). Thank you for following your passion in service to God and all the countries of his creation. As you suggest, may we all have the courage to stand with power and influence where we can and with the tools and gifts God has given us. May you know that your faith and presence at home and on the front lines will continue to grow in strength as you journey with the Holy Spirit’s counsel. We are still praying for you! The peace of the Lord be with you. Majors Lauren and Grant Effer

The Booths understood what it means to live for Christ, to take up one’s cross and follow him. We live in a confused world today where many claim the title of Christian but live the life of the lost. Prayer is a fundamental step toward reformation. If God’s people would quit trying to feel emotions, figure out doctrines and just apply three simple words to their lives (pray without ceasing), then their lives and the world around them would be transformed. I worry that The Salvation Army is drifting into social justice and away from the calling of the Lord. One’s dignity is of no value in Hell. Lee Westman Make your voice heard by sending your feedback to Salvationist magazine. E-mail us at or comment online at We reserve the right to edit submissions for grammatical accuracy and space restraints.

The Salvation Army Victoria Citadel 125th Anniversary October 26-28, 2012 Special Guest: Commissioner M. Christine MacMillan Help us celebrate this special event! Greetings from former officers and friends can be sent to 4030 Douglas Street, Victoria BC V8X 5J6 Phone: 250-727-3770; e-mail:

Some good food for thought. As we continue to play a role on the international front, it will be necessary for us to consider this through a different lens than our forefathers. It is definitely a new day with a new battle. Be safe! Major Morris Vincent

Pray Through the Vision May General Linda Bond’s wishes be fulfilled at all levels (Salvationist. ca/2011/10/pray-through-thevision). Our Army will definitely grow and will be strengthened because we firmly stand for a divine task for his eternal Kingdom. We belong to God’s Army. This Army is by God, of God and for God. Our beloved General has motivated us to be firm with a powerful weapon—constant prayer which is a telescope to see clearly the things that are far. Captain V.B. Silas 2 I January 2012 I Salvationist

For more information, contact Joanne Tilley, THQ social services:


than is required.

Inside This Issue Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX

January 2012 No. 69 E-mail:




2 Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX

3 Departments 4 Editorial

25 Territorial Prayer Guide



26 Celebrate Community

Standing in the Gap by Major Jim Champ Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX

5 Around the Territory 8 Mission Matters

Enrolments and recognition, tributes, calendar, gazette Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX

29 Pursuing Holiness

There’s an App for That! FOREST STEWARDSHIP Focusing the VisionPRODUCT LABELINGbyGUIDE Major Clarence Bradbury COUNCIL by Commissioner Brian Peddle

30 Cross Culture

9 Social Issues

Welcoming the World by Estee Lau

10 World

Trust Your Doctor by Michael Boyce


Features 12 Standing Up to the Bullies


Meeting of the Minds by Major Jim Champ

What is the role of The Salvation Army in advocating for the poor and marginalized? What influence can we have over those who treat others unjustly? by Major Julie Slous

11 Gospel

14 Comfort My People


In the midst of life’s turmoil, Salvation Army chaplains provide glimpses of God’s grace by Ken Ramstead

Portrait of Praise by Julia Hosking

17 God Speaks in the Silence

22 Battle Cry

Officer delegates explore personal holiness and mission at Brengle Institute by Major Mona Moore

Life: Our Most Valuable Asset by Major Danielle Strickland

18 Reflections From the Holy Land

Thoughts on Bethlehem, the Sea of Galilee, the Garden of Gethsemane, the Via Dolorosa and the Qumran caves

24 Media

23 Original Sin


Cover photo: Carson Samson

Are people inherently good or evil? How can we be free from the bondage of sin? by James Pedlar

Inside Faith & Friends

need is some scissors

Into the Wild

Roma Downey

Pass It On

Extreme adventurer Bear Grylls talks about family, fatherhood, fear and faith

Confessions of a Foodie

Salvation Army officer and chef Captain Alison Lublink’s culinary sensibilities find inspiration in the Bible

A Brisk Clip

Ever wonder what you can do to help those without? All you

Still being Touched by an Angel

When you finish reading Faith & Friends in the centre of this issue, pull it Faith & out and give it to someone who needs to hear about Christ’s lifeInto the changing Wild power +


January 2012

Inspiration for Living

Roma DoWney

Extreme adventurer Bear Grylls talks about family, fatherhood, fear and faith

 ConfessIons of a foodIe F&F_January2012.indd 1

Still Being Touched by an Angel Littlest Angels DVD Debut

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century? Contribute to the discussion as officers and soldiers share their thoughts

World Watch

Visit worldwatch to read more about the Army’s work in over 120 countries

Leadership & Critical Thought

What does it mean to be a Salvationist in the 21st Salvationist I January 2012 I 3


Standing in the Gap


young couple’s dreams are shattered. They’d chosen names, prepared a nursery in their apartment and selected godparents for their new arrival. Everyone they know has shared in their excitement as they anticipated the birth of their first child. But then something started going horribly wrong in the past few hours leading to a hurried trip to the emergency ward. And now this devastating news. It is 11 p.m. on a Saturday evening and our telephone at home is ringing. It is the operator at Toronto’s Scarborough Hospital asking to speak with my wife, Major Barbara Champ, about a patient who has experienced complications during childbirth. In a few hours, the young mother will deliver a stillborn baby. The operator is simply letting Barbara know that another call will likely be coming in the early hours of the morning. It is my wife’s on-call weekend and her services as hospital chaplain will be required. The chaplain will play an important role in providing critical support for the patient and her family. The infant will be

bathed and dressed before being placed in her mother’s arms. Counsel will be given regarding funeral arrangements. Much of the time will be spent listening. Anguished cries of “Why did this happen?” and “Where is God?” tumble out from the distraught parents. These are difficult questions that must be handled with care and sensitivity. Added to the challenge will be the young staff nurse who, during the performance of her duties, fights back tears as she struggles with her own private thoughts. She also is a mother and wonders aloud how she would cope with such a loss. Prayers spoken and unspoken are offered in the midst of the angst and anxiety. Chaplaincy is part of The Salvation Army’s DNA. In the article “Comfort My People,” Ken Ramstead highlights the ministry of several chaplains, including Gloria Woodland, one of our territorial social services consultants. Woodland points out, “Salvation Army chaplains can be found ministering to inmates in correctional facilities, counselling patients and their families in long-term care homes, hospices and acute care hospitals. They provide support to college and university students.” Regardless of the place or the situation, a common theme is evident. The chaplain stands in the gap between hope and despair, representing the presence of Jesus and ministering his grace to those in need. Back at our home, the telephone rings again at 2:57 a.m. and within a few minutes Barbara is dressed and making her way to the hospital.

The chaplain represents the presence of Jesus and ministers his grace to those in need

MAJOR JIM CHAMP Editor-in-Chief

4 I January 2012 I Salvationist


is a monthly publication of The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory Linda Bond General Commissioner Brian Peddle Territorial Commander Major Jim Champ Editor-in-Chief Geoff Moulton Assistant Editor-in-Chief John McAlister Features Editor (416-467-3185) Pamela Richardson News Editor, Production Co-ordinator, Copy Editor (416-422-6112) Major Max Sturge Associate Editor (416-422-6116) Timothy Cheng Art Director Ada Leung Circulation Co-ordinator Ken Ramstead, Debbie Sinclair Contributors Agreement No. 40064794, ISSN 1718-5769. Member, The Canadian Church Press. All Scripture references from the Holy Bible, Today’s New International Version (TNIV) © 2001, 2005 International Bible Society. Used by permission of International Bible Society. All rights reserved worldwide. All articles are copyright The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory and can be reprinted only with written permission.


Annual: Canada $30 (includes GST/HST); U.S. $36; foreign $41. Available from: The Salvation Army, 2 Overlea Blvd, Toronto ON M4H 1P4. Phone: 416-425-2111 ext 2257; fax: 416-422-6120; e-mail: circulation@can.


Inquire by e-mail for rates at circulation@

News, Events and Submissions

Editorial lead time is seven weeks prior to an issue’s publication date. No responsibility is assumed to publish, preserve or return unsolicited material. Write to salvationist@ or Salvationist, 2 Overlea Blvd, Toronto ON M4H 1P4.


The Salvation Army exists to share the love of Jesus Christ, meet human needs and be a transforming influence in the communities of our world. Salvationist informs readers about the mission and ministry of The Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda.


Fun Without Fear at Brampton Shelter THE SALVATION ARMY has opened a new multi-purpose room at the Honeychurch Family Life Resource Centre in Brampton, Ont. The shelter provides a broad range of services to women and their children who have endured family violence. The Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, the Region of Peel, the City of Brampton and numerous local businesses, service clubs and individuals contributed to the financing of the building and its equipment. “This new space will allow us to provide moms and their children with family time together—to play games or watch movies in a safe environment,” says Marilyn Field, the facility’s director. “Fun without fear has been absent from their lives for too long. We have desperately needed a space in which children and teenagers can participate in sporting, family activities,” adds Field. The multi-purpose room has equipment and floor markings for basketball and volleyball, as well as play aids for younger children. “Many of the teenagers who come to us have been

traumatized by what has happened to their moms and, in some cases, themselves, and being cooped up in a small apartment does nothing to help them get back to normal living,” Field continues. “This room will also be used for staff training and educational opportunities for the clients to enhance their computer skills and prepare them for work after leaving the shelter. Thanks to the generosity of so many people, this is a dream come true.” An exciting moment during the event was the presentation of a van from the Kiwanis Club of Brampton, represented by David Chondon, Mark Brewer, Gary Cresswell and Tom Allain. The vehicle will be used for children’s programs at the centre. An ensemble from the North York Temple Band provided pre-ceremony music. Lt-Colonel Susan van Duinen, divisional commander, Ontario Central-East Division, and Mayor Susan Fennell of Brampton officiated at the ribbon-cutting ceremony. Representatives of the Government of Ontario and the Region of Peel were also present.

Opening of new multi-purpose room in Brampton. From left, Vince Tedesco, Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services; Janet Menard, Region of Peel; Lt-Col Susan van Duinen; Mayor Susan Fennell; Marilyn Field; Lt-Col Ray Moulton, AC, Ont. CE Div

Marilyn Field accepts a new van from the Kiwanis Club of Brampton for use at the Honeychurch Family Life and Resource Centre

Sky-High Adventure Supports Women and Youth SALVATIONIST ALFREDA NOSEWORTHY has always considered herself to be a bit of a daredevil, so when the 65-year-old heard about EdgeWalk, the latest attraction at Toronto’s CN Tower, she thought she’d give it a try. Stepping outside the world-famous landmark, Noseworthy walked along the ledge of the tower’s highest pod while secured by a harness and pulley attached to an overhead rail. “I thought it would be a great fundraiser,” she says. As the acting home league secretary at Toronto’s Lakeside Community Church, she collected $2,100 in sponsorships to help offset the cost of women’s camp and youth councils to allow more people to attend. “When I walked out onto the ledge, it hit me that I was 116 storeys above the ground,” she shares. “I felt a little bit scared, but when I looked out over the city, I appreciated the beauty of the experience and how awesome God is. And next year, I’m doing it again—celebrating with a friend on her 65th birthday!”

Alfreda Noseworthy takes a walk above the streets of Toronto Salvationist I January 2012 I 5


Standing Firm in Twillingate USING THE THEME Standing Firm, the 125th corps anniversary celebrations in Twillingate, N.L., began with a band reunion dinner, which included recognizing Betty Stuckless for 43 years of banding ministry. Public worship services featuring invited preachers were held from Tuesday to Thursday. On Tuesday evening, Major Lindsay Oxford challenged the people to stand firm in the faith. On Wednesday evening, Major Lorne Hiscock’s topic was Standing Firm: Soaring Like the Eagle. Many responded in recommitment at the mercy seat. In his sermon on Thursday night, Lt-Colonel Wayne Pritchett, divisional commander, Newfoundland and Labrador Division, stressed the need for a deep relationship with Jesus Christ, and again people responded to the Holy Spirit. Friday evening featured a gospel concert arranged by Arthur Rideout and Irene Bridger, who also performed vocally. Glen Tetford led an inspiring time of singing and worship. Lt-Colonels Lindsay and Lynette Rowe, native Newfoundlanders currently serving as chief secretary and territorial secretary Did you know … … Employees and volunteers of Canada Post went door-to-door in Estevan, Sask., for the 16th consecutive year collecting non-perishable items for the local Salvation Army food bank? Close to three tonnes of food were collected … at the Army’s Toronto Harbour Light Ministries, members of the Toronto Argonauts football team served hot turkey dinners to 600 people at Thanksgiving? Among the players who volunteered was cornerback Byron Parker, who brought his mother and brother to help serve the meals. “I think it’s a privilege to give back time and lend a helping hand,” Parker says … The Floods of 2011: When the Water Wouldn’t Stop, a commemorative 64-page book created by Estevan Lifestyles Publications and the Weyburn Review, is available for $8? The book has dozens of pictures showing how floods impacted southeast Saskatchewan last year. Half the proceeds from the sale of the books will be directed to the Army … in downtown Summerside, P.E.I., 16 teams in the inaugural decorated shopping cart race dashed through city streets in support of the Army’s food bank 6 I January 2012 I Salvationist

Corps anniversary celebrations in Twillingate included a band reunion dinner

for women’s ministries in the Caribbean Territory, were guests for the weekend. During Saturday’s anniversary dinner, they shared a devotional message based on their overseas ministry. Lt-Colonel Lynette Rowe sang and introduced the theme song, Standing Firm, which she wrote for the occasion. “Sunday’s services were well attended and everyone was especially thrilled when an 85-year-old woman committed her life to Jesus for the first time,” says Major Collin Abbott, corps officer.

Joyce Rideout and Timothy Roberts assist Lt-Cols Lindsay and Lynette Rowe in cutting the anniversary cake

and the local Boys and Girls Club? A total of $3,350 in cash and food items was collected … the Vancouver Harbour Light served Thanksgiving dinner to nearly 1,200 people? The meal included 1,200 ears of corn, 140 turkeys and 260 pumpkin pies. The Home Depot Canada Foundation donated funds in support of the meal and 40 Home Depot volunteers from the Terminal Avestore #7042 served guests … The Salvation Army North Toronto Community Church hosted Amek Adler who testified about his survival of the Holocaust?  The event was part of Toronto’s Holocaust Education Week 2011 in partnership with the Sarah and Chaim Neuberger Holocaust Education Centre … British Columbia’s Lt.-Gov. Steven Point, in collaboration with musicians from Victoria, has released a CD entitled A Dedication to the People of British Columbia? Point has given the CD to the Army with proceeds to go toward the establishment of a recovery house for young women … Toronto’s Etobicoke Temple plans to replace its building with a new $4.3 million, 22,000 square foot facility to

better serve the community? “We want to start a community feeding program, have more space for our food bank, help meet the needs of the marginalized and bring people closer to God,” says Cpt Rick Honcharsky, CO … a team of 20 employees and volunteers from the Army’s National Recycling Operations, the Gateway men’s shelter and Hockey Helps the Homeless partnered to prepare 144 transitional housing kits for clients of the shelter? Each kit contains a variety of new items, such as dishes, utensils, a sheet set, toiletries and towels, to help the recipients as they move into their own apartments. The kits were made possible by a $10,000 donation from Hockey Helps the Homeless … New Brunswick’s Lt.-Gov. Graydon Nicholas visited Lakeview Manor in Riverview, N.B.? He spent time with staff, residents and their families, making special note of Marie Bedford, age 106, and Margaret Fawcett, who is 102. Mjr Wayne Williams, executive director, said the visit was part of Lakeview’s mission to open its doors for the community to interact with its residents, helping contribute to a strong quality of life


125 Years and Going Strong in Yarmouth MAJORS BRUCE AND Judy Power, who were stationed in Yarmouth, N.S., 35 years ago, led the 125th anniversary celebrations of Yarmouth Community Church with the assistance of the Canadian Staff Band, Majors Morris and Wanda Vincent, area commander and divisional youth secretary, Maritime Division, and Majors Peter and Janice Rowe, corps officers. On Thursday, the corps hosted the movie Soul Surfer, and Major Bruce Power introduced a study of the Book of Genesis, which the corps continued in the weeks following the event. During the anniversary dinner on Friday evening, various dignitaries brought greetings, including MLA Zach Churchill, Mayor Phil Mooney and several local ministerial representatives. Major Bruce Power spoke on the text, “Thus far the Lord has helped us” (1 Samuel 7:12), emphasizing that a corps’ anniversary is an opportunity “to celebrate how God has worked faithfully in the past over multiple generations

and that whatever we work towards will never exceed what God intends for us in the future.” The Canadian Staff Band performed a concert for a large audience on Saturday evening and provided selections and musical support for the service on Sunday morning. Major Bruce Power preached on

Psalm 93, stressing that God is king over the universe, sovereignly working in our lives and the world. In the concluding service on Sunday night, Major Power spoke from Psalm 121, noting that “God is concerned about every aspect of our lives and works for our good in ways we are not even aware of.”

Mjrs Bruce and Judy Power and the Canadian Staff Band help celebrate Yarmouth CC’s 125th anniversary

Stampeders’ Coat Drive Helps the Needy

CALGARY STAMPEDERS’ FANS and supporters brought new or gently used winter coats to the entry gates of the McMahon Stadium in support of the team’s annual coat drive for The Salvation Army. For a third year, the Calgary Stampeder Outrider cheerleaders helped the players collect the items and the Calgary Academy Grade 12 humanities class also assisted at the gates. In addition to the coat collection, money was donated and Glenmore Temple Band played the national anthem on the field. “It allowed the Army to create awareness for those less fortunate in the community during the cold weather of winter,” says Captain Pamela Goodyear,������������������������������������������������������� divisional secretary for public relations and development, Alberta and Northern Territories Division.

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Focusing the Vision

Join me as we seek to be one Army with one mission sharing one message BY COMMISSIONER BRIAN PEDDLE


appy New Year! My wife, Rosalie, joins me in greeting you and we assure you of our prayers. We believe that God will bless and use The Salvation Army, and each of you, throughout 2012. As we enter this new year, I am reflecting on the many expressions of hope found in our territory. From my vantage point, General Linda Bond’s vision plan of One Army, One Mission, One Message (see outlines the aspirations that I covet for our Army. As General Bond writes, “I see a Spirit-filled Army of the 21st century, convinced of its calling, moving forward together, into the world of the hurting, broken, lonely, disposed and lost, reaching them by all means, with the transforming message of Jesus bringing freedom, hope and life.” In November 2011, the executive leaders in our territory (Cabinet secretaries and divisional leaders) met at Jackson’s Point, Ont., and used the General’s vision plan to strategize for the future. Though I write with deep personal conviction, my colleagues join me in sharing these thoughts. One Army We wish to affirm: • a clear calling to a sacramental life for every Salvationist marked by sacrificial and selfless service and lived out in the framework of holiness. We remain committed to the non-practice of the sacraments of communion and baptism as a denomination and as a part of the international Salvation Army. This is not meant to put us at odds with other Christian traditions, but we testify freely to a full salvation expressed in a supreme love for God and sacrificial love for others • a leadership conviction with regard to our witness through uniform wearing and our desire to increase our public 8 I January 2012 I Salvationist

visibility with our officer contingent leading the way • the significant value of active officers, retired officers and local officers in meeting the leadership needs throughout The Salvation Army • our desire that The Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda would be a covenanted Army and that each of us would have the opportunity to explore covenant as we share faith and service together

• our partnership with the international Salvation Army as we give and support financially and facilitate the availability of human resources to help lead the Army around the world. One Mission We want to: • emphasize the importance and significance of discipleship and evangelism. We need soldiers who will carry out God’s mission and win the world for him as a result of

training and equipping • ensure that in these days of spiritual drift in our culture, every Salvation Army ministry unit would have our spiritual footprint and would bring about Kingdom outcomes • give thanks for excellent financial management that enables us to invest in new mission opportunities focused on outcome-based ministry • reclaim and strengthen our ministry to the whole family, making children and youth a priority • declare our desire for growth in every expression of our ministry and mission • explore the principle that above all else “mission matters most,” praying that God will enable us to give evidence that this is so. One Message Introducing people to Jesus, securing their place in eternity and discipling them for service remains central to all we are and do. Our key message is that Jesus Christ is the hope for the world (see John 3:16; Luke 19:10). We are committed to sharing this message by: • reaching children and youth • advocating on behalf of those we serve • serving from a position of strength and declaring, “God is doing a new thing” • keeping our mission central to everything we do and managing the distractions • calling people to salvation and covenant through the experience of soldiership • asking every Salvationist to consider their part in being a transforming influence in their community. As the territorial commander, I want to lead an Army that celebrates its relationship with God and others. As we do this, we will remain fit for purpose in the world in which we live and serve. We have the potential to be a mighty expression of God’s love and faithfulness. Please join me in this time of focusing the vision as we become one Army with one mission sharing one message. Commissioner Brian Peddle is the territorial commander of the Canada and Bermuda Territory.


Welcoming the World

How can we better support newcomers to Canada? What role does the Church have in ensuring that immigrants are valued and respected?


hen I first moved to Canada in 1992, I was warmly welcomed by the members of Agincourt Community Church in Toronto. The support of the congregation not only helped me cope with the difficulties and challenges of this transition, but also provided me with the spiritual encouragement to draw closer to God. I don’t believe that anyone likes to leave their home country unless there are very significant reasons, such as being reunited with family or escaping a volatile economic or political situation. But whether we were born in Canada or another country, we are all children of our heavenly Father. As Christians, we know that our eternal home is not on earth but in Heaven. We are all foreigners on earth, which is our temporary home. According to Statistics Canada, as of April 1, 2011, Canada’s population was estimated at 34,349,200, an increase of 70,800 from January 1, 2011. Of this increase, 49,500 are immigrants. While this is a decrease of 15 percent from the same quarter in 2010, this still represents a significant number of people migrating to Canada to reside permanently in this country. There are four categories of immigrants in Canada: family class for closely related persons of Canadian residents living in Canada; economic class for skilled workers and business people; a class for people who are accepted for humanitarian or compassionate reasons; and refugee class for those escaping persecution or suffering from cruel punishment. It is fascinating to note that Canada’s population has more than 200 different ethnic origins. Of

these, there are 34 ethnic groups with at least 100,000 members each. Ten ethnic groups have over 1 million people. It is worth noting that 16.2 percent of the population belongs to visible minorities (i.e. South Asian, Chinese, African descent, Filipino) in addition to the invisible minorities, the largest of which are German (10.18 percent), Italian (4.63 percent) and Ukrainian (3.87 percent). The immigrant population growth is concentrated in or near large cities such as Montreal, Vancouver and Toronto, where newcomers to Canada can find jobs and supports. These cities obviously require reasonable social and physical infrastructures in order to handle the influx. As the largest non-governmental direct provider of social services in Canada, The Salvation Army plays a significant role in helping immigrants adapt to their new environments, especially in these large cities. Statistics Canada published an analytical research paper entitled “New Immigrants—Assessments of Their Life in Canada” in February 2010. This research asked immigrants whether they are personally satisfied with their lives in Canada

and whether they would make the same decision to come to Canada again. The responses were examined across a wide range of demographic, social and economic characteristics. It was noted that immigrants who say they sometimes, or often, experience discrimination or unfair treatment, were least likely to express positive assessments of their lives in Canada. In this respect, The Salvation Army states clearly in its Position Statement on Human Diversity, “We oppose oppression or unjust discrimination based on such difference as race, gender, age, beliefs, lifestyle, economic status, or physical or mental ability.” The Statistics Canada research shows that positive assessments arise from meaningful connections with friends and neighbours, such as through the participation in religious services. This is reinforced in our position statement: “The Salvation Army believes that diversity strengthens and shapes community and ministry. Therefore, in our community services, employment practices and church life, we will seek to actively promote sensitivity, understanding and communication in both intent and practice.” How can we, as individuals and the larger Salvation Army, better support those people who have recently moved to Canada? The social issues committee welcomes your comments on this important topic. E-mail us at Social_ Issues@can.salva Estee Lau is executive assistant to the secretary for business administration at territorial headquarters in Toronto. She was appointed as a member of the Social Issues Committee in February 2009. Salvationist I January 2012 I 9

Photo: Futcher



Meeting of the Minds

Salvation Army participates in Global Christian Forum BY MAJOR JIM CHAMP, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF


anado, Indonesia, was the location for what has been described as “the most diverse Christian gathering in recent history.” Held in October 2011, the second Global Christian Forum (GCF) brought together church leaders from 12 world Christian communions and nine global ecumenical organizations to sit side by side for four days of faith-sharing, discussion and trust-building between groups that rarely meet together. Anglican, Charismatic, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Orthodox, Evangelical, Protestant, African Instituted, mega church and contemplative community representatives were delegates of the forum. The first GCF gathering was held in Kenya in 2007. With the specific intention to create an open space where churches from various traditions can come together, overcome prejudices and foster new relationships, the GCF is distinct from other ecumenical gatherings for including a significant number of Pentecostal and Charismatic representatives. Befitting its active ecumenical contribution around the world, The Salvation Army has been part of the GCF since its inception over a decade ago. The forum met around the theme “Together in Jesus Christ, Empowered by the Spirit” and focused on the question “What is the Spirit saying to the churches?” Many scholars believe that the biggest change in the history of Christianity is underway as reflected in the religion’s growth in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Sixty percent of the world’s Christians now live in the southern hemisphere, marking a dramatic shift from 100 years ago. Perhaps most telling was the comment from Dr. Sang-Bok David Kim of the World Evangelical Alliance when he stated, “Christianity is no longer a ‘white man’s’ religion. Christians are now everywhere.” Dr. Dana Robert of Boston University School of Theology declared, “The story of Christianity as a worldwide faith is being written before our eyes. Contemporary Christians are focusing on mission for multiple purposes—both to recover tradition and to recover from tradition.” Lt-Colonel Richard Munn, secretary for international ecumenical relations, International Headquarters, participated in the planning of the second global conference and served as moderator

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Lt-Col Richard Munn shares a moment with Orthodox and Roman Catholic delegates at the Global Christian Forum

for a main session. He notes, “It does seem that the Holy Spirit is asking The Salvation Army to intentionally contribute toward global ecumenical dialogue. Our theology, orthodox in thought and social in action, attracts conservative and liberal; our constituency, empowered leaders and the marginalized powerless, covers the breadth of community; our ecclesiology, one Movement, around the world, positions us for action and efficiency and our quasi-military motif readily identifies us as a peace-making presence. The fact that ‘ecumenism’ is derived from the Greek word oikoumené—‘the whole world’—may have special application to a Movement that regularly sings ‘The world for God.’ ” As the conference concluded, participants in this unique gathering expressed their appreciation for the opportunity to take concrete steps toward a greater experience of Christian unity without abandoning theological distinctiveness and traditional identities. All were united in the desire for the conversation to continue at regional, national and international levels.

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Portrait of Praise

Amateur artist Brenda Leitch worships through her God-given talent BY JULIA HOSKING, STAFF WRITER


renda Leitch did not expect a church quarterly report to give her a new perspective on her long-term hobby. But when she was asked to illustrate the report’s cover, her eyes were opened. “I’d heard that God gives us special gifts, and when I came up with a picture for the cover all those years ago, I realized that drawing was one of mine,” says Leitch. In the many years since then, this amateur artist has been creating works of art, experimenting with pastel, pen and ink, watercolours and graphite pencil to draw portraits and still life. Throughout that time, Leitch, a member of The Salvation Army Cornerstone Community Church, Mississauga, Ont., has acknowledged the creative ability God gave her and used it for his purposes. “Sometimes in my private time, I draw sketches in my prayer journal to God, exalting his love for me,” shares Leitch. “Whenever I draw, the whole world around me disappears. That time is a special bond between me and God—the Master Creator.

“I draw sketches in my prayer journal to God, exalting his love for me” I firmly believe God works through my hands. I pray before each drawing and when I have created a picture of which I am particularly proud, I remember to give him all the thanks.” Sharing Her Gift Leitch has visions of outreach through art both inside and outside her corps. Once a year, this is put into practice at Lake Kasshabog in southern Ontario. “I am the ‘live artist’ at the lake’s arts and crafts display for passing viewers to see a work in progress,” she continues.

“People often stop to chat and sometimes I am able to share my faith. I’m open to God providing those times and I take every opportunity to tell someone how good he is in my life, or to encourage people to discover the gifts that he has given them.” Leitch is exploring the idea of using her artistic talents in a corporate worship setting at Cornerstone Community Church. “Captain Terence Hale, my corps officer, has talked to me about artists drawing as the pastor preaches and then sharing the outcome with the congregation at the end of the service,” she says. “With God, all things are possible, so we’ll see!” Currently, Leitch’s primary contribution is through The Art Connection, a monthly art class held at Cornerstone. There, she worships God with her drawing in the presence of others who are discovering their skills and doing likewise. “Many meaningful conversations about God take place at The Art Connection,” shares Leitch, program co-ordinator. “This meeting of creative people is a unique and informal way of sharing God’s love among others.” The class has established an atmosphere of affirmation and encouragement as participants display their creations to the others in attendance. Paulynn Wu enjoys painting and the positive atmosphere The Art Connection creates for her daughters who also attend. “I’ve often wrestled with the idea of art glorifying God, as at times it can seem selfish because you become totally involved in creating a work,” shares Wu. “But I have come to understand there are many ways to glorify and worship God with it. I try to use my calling and gifting to further the goals of the church, for example, helping paint the set for the Christmas play.” Seeing people use their artistic talent for God’s purposes is the passion that fuels Leitch’s co-ordination of the program, now and into the future. “The group has ideas for projects, such as creating a gift for the families the Army helps at Christmas, and selling arts and crafts to raise money for various corps projects,” she says. “There are also a couple of teens in the class who love beading and crafts. I have used them in a leadership capacity to teach others that skill. “I believe God can use all of our creative abilities and connections with each other— in The Art Connection and beyond—to do his will and reach people in a special way. Everyone has a unique gift from God to be used for his glory. Sometimes, it’s simply awaiting discovery.” Salvationist I January 2012 I 11

Standing Up to the


What is the role of The Salvation Army in advocating for the poor and marginalized? What influence can we have over those who treat others unjustly?

ost of us have vivid memories from our childhood, some for their charmed and warmed aspects, others for the struggle and learning they represent. It is the latter that shadows my perspective when I think of Grade 4 recesses. While most of my classmates watched the clock, anticipating the bell, I remember dreading the moment. Why couldn’t time just stand still? Once recess began, I would have to face the bullies in the playground—a group of Grade 8 girls who liked to torment me. They were mean and relentless, and double my size and strength. I was not from their side of the tracks and they made sure that everyone knew what separated us in the larger playground of humanity. Their only agenda was to impose their power and rules on poor, unassuming, Grade 4 students. Life wasn’t fair. While my days of playground rivalry are long past, I’ve discovered that schoolyard bullies often grow up to be adult bullies. During a recent interaction with some imposing individuals in our church neighbourhood, the clanging of the recess bell came to mind. The occasion was a community meeting for local residents who had come to The Salvation Army seeking information and support in the midst of some very difficult circumstances. I watched as the bully entered the room, an imposing giant whose professional mandate had little sensitivity toward the plight of the poor. The impact of the bully’s presence was instantly felt. Conversation closed down. People shrank in their seats. A heavy awkwardness filled the room. This Goliath had arrived, flexing an intimidating presence. No one seemed ready to respond with any sizable slingshot. I wondered in the moment what Jesus would have done. How would he have 12 I January 2012 I Salvationist



Fourth of a four-part series on dignity BY MAJOR JULIE SLOUS

responded to a presence so intent on squashing the poor without any regard for their suffering? I questioned more specifically what The Salvation Army should be doing to advocate and support these people. What was my personal opportunity in this heart-wrenching situation? Visions of the persistent widow came rushing to mind (see Luke 18:1-8). She was a feisty soul who dared to face the bullies in her neighbourhood. She comes boldly to the New Testament stage plead-

ing for justice. We don’t know exactly what the widow’s issue was, only that it was significant enough to bring before the judge of the day. Most likely, she is being denied the inheritance she deserves. Whatever the scenario, she is determined to fight the giant in her neighbourhood (or perhaps even within her own family) and receive justice. It was a voice and presence like hers that I needed for my situation. The widow’s story is relevant to us as we continue to think theologically about

the work of The Salvation Army in bringing hope and dignity to the marginalized. Cultural factors provide a helpful backdrop for our understanding, as the widow has obvious strikes against her. First of all, she is female, living in a male-dominated society, without voice or influence. Second, she is a widow. In the ancient Near East and throughout Scripture, the widow was not only a symbol of powerlessness but was immediately identified as a victim of injustice and exploitation. As she stepped into the judge’s courtroom, she did not enter heavy-handedly or with any sense of advantage. Third, the woman had refused to resort to bribery, which would have been the conventional means of the day for settling disputes. She comes earnestly to represent her situation. Her fighting spirit is motivated by an urgent need for survival. In replaying this story, we might well ask why Jesus didn’t insert the presence of someone like a Salvation Army dignity worker somewhere in this scene. At the very least, why isn’t there a Good Samaritan showing up to offer support and advocacy? Surely Jesus could have added a couple of credible witnesses to bring weight and authenticity to the widow’s request. But the widow stands alone. Although Luke has told us how Jesus is completely invested in the poor (see Luke 4:18), this is not emphasized in the story. Rather, the widow is without advocate or advisor. We look on and are impressed by her persistent spirit that refuses to surrender to the bully before her. By the time we get to the end of the story, we are primed and ready for Jesus to preach about the importance of advocacy for the poor. It’s been the perfect setup to rebuke those who have not stood up to the bully threatening the woman. But yet again, we will not find this emphasis. In fact, we’ve been alerted from the beginning to understand this story is told to show the disciples that “they should always pray and not give up” (see Luke 18:1). Respectfully, we note Jesus’ overall point. The widow teaches us the importance of persisting in prayer. If we labour long enough on

our knees, we, too, can wear the judge down and see our petitions answered. The prayers of the righteous will prevail. Let us persist so that when the Son of Man returns, this kind of faith will be found on the earth (see Luke 18:8). While we might be tempted to move on at this point, we risk missing Jesus’ deeper insights. Let’s replay the parable again. A corrupt judge gives in reluctantly to a widow’s request, not because he buys into her cause, but because she is becoming a major annoyance to him. “Because this widow keeps bothering me,” says the judge, “I will see that she gets justice, so that she won’t eventually come and attack me” (Luke 18:5). More vividly translated, the widow’s assault is so intense that it’s as if she is giving the judge a black eye. The widow achieves a relentless presence that publically calls the judge’s reputation and power into question. Finally, we arrive at the parable’s main point. If a corrupt judge

How would Jesus have responded to a presence so intent on squashing the poor without any regard for their suffering?

can respond to the persistent pleas of the poor, how much more will a loving God respond to the prayers of our hearts? The widow’s success is held out as an inspiration to all who follow in the courtroom of the unjust judge. Misdirected powers of authority and regimes of injustice can be brought to account. If a persistent widow with no advocate can have success before a corrupt judge, how much more will a loving God heed the prayers of his people? The widow becomes a model dignity worker. She reminds us that injustices must be challenged. If one who has been so unjustly victimized herself is able to give this testimony, how much more should we be empowered to “speak up for

those who cannot speak for themselves … defend the rights of the poor and needy” (Proverbs 31:8-9)? If we doubt we can make a difference, the widow of Luke’s Gospel is standing in the wings to remind us that success can come with our courageous persistence. Just in case you think the widow’s story cancels out our responsibility to advocate for the poor, look again. Jesus tells us “to pray and not give up.” In so doing, Jesus may know something we have yet to discover: it is through the experience of prayer that our own hearts become connected to the heartbeat of God. When this happens, it’s impossible for us to walk away from those who struggle for justice. The real issue is not about how we bother God with our requests, but more importantly how God will bother us back. It is a bold picture of the Kingdom where God’s dignity workers act on what burdens the heart of God, because our prayers have led us to this place. And so we pray not to wear God down with our individual requests. We pray to chase after God’s own heart and to know his way of tackling the bullies in the neighbourhoods of the poor. Theologian Frederick Buechner said, “Persistence is our key, not because you have to beat a path to God’s door before [God will] open it, but because until you beat the path, maybe there’s no way of getting to the door.” While prayer will never change God, it can change us. Prayer becomes the means through which our priorities become aligned with God’s mercy and compassion. It is the divine forum in which courage is cultivated to never give up, never back down and never compromise faith. As we enter this new year, let us find our way forward on our knees, because we know this is how bullies are defeated in the neighbourhoods of the poor. This is what faith looks like on earth. Major Julie Slous, D.Min., is a corps officer, with her husband Brian, at Winnipeg’s Heritage Park Temple. She also serves as adjunct faculty at the College for Officer Training. Salvationist I January 2012 I 13

Comfort My People In the midst of life’s turmoil, Salvation Army chaplains provide glimpses of God’s grace

Photo: Carson Samson


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drug addict, with nowhere to turn, is given new hope and a second chance to turn his life around. A convict behind bars, alone and friendless, is provided information on a long-lost relative. A hospice patient with a terminal disease is given hope and friendship during her final days. What do these people all have in common? The care of Salvation Army chaplains. No Second Chance What is the difference between a corps officer and a chaplain? For the most part, a corps officer ministers within the circle of a congregation—a known group of people with whom he builds a continuous relationship. Chaplains, on the other hand, deal with those outside of the walls of a church, with people who may have little or no experience of God and religion. They accept the people they encounter as they are, with no conditions, judgments or requirements. “Chaplaincy, more often than not, is a one-off,” says Gloria Woodland, a territorial social services consultant. “While a congregation is with you for the long haul, a chaplain may get one shot at making a difference, be it in an ER, a prison or a women’s shelter. And they may never get a second chance.”

A Heart for Ministry In an unofficial capacity, chaplaincy services have been a part of The Salvation Army since its foundation. “It was an outcome of ministry and mission,” says Woodland. In a more official fashion, the establishment of a trained group of Salvation Army chaplains dates back to the Second World War and the attempt to meet the needs of Canada’s land, sea and air forces. “As chaplaincy developed as a professional discipline in the public sector, so it has also grown and developed within The Salvation Army,” she says. There are as many different types of chaplaincy as there are life situations or human needs. Salvation Army chaplains can be found ministering to inmates in correctional facilities, and counselling patients and their families in long-term-care institutions, hospices and acute-care hospitals from coast to coast. They care for single mothers and their children in shelters and safe houses, and provide support to college and university students. Chaplains are a beacon of hope to new immigrants and a source of solace to Canadian soldiers, sailors and airmen. Currently, there are between 140 and 150 chaplains in the Canada and Bermuda Territory. Two thirds of those are officers while the remaining third are lay employees. Chaplains go through a six-month training/mentoring program while on the job and are required to have formal education as well. For instance, Booth University College offers a certificate in chaplaincy and a number of universities across the country

The Listener

“I thought I was a pastor with a pastor’s heart,” says Major Sharon McDonough, the chaplain responsible for spiritual care at the Dinsdale Personal Care Home in Brandon, Man. But then she was asked to fill a chaplaincy vacancy. “It was only supposed to be for six months,” she smiles. “But the first day that I walked in, I looked around and I thought, I’m home. This is where I belong.” Every morning, Major McDonough visits the dining room, going from table to table and talking to as many of the 60 clients as she can. “That’s the highlight of my day,” she says. “Some people are not as talkative as others, but the residents tell me they love when I come around. “You need to have a non-judgmental attitude, recognizing that people come from different backgrounds and different faiths. You have to be able to work with people, love them and not judge them. “I realized that being a chaplain was what I had always been. Here, I have to build relationships; that’s what a chaplain does: meeting needs, being the presence of Christ and accepting people for who they are.” Recently, one of the residents told her, “I’m really glad you are here. You listen.” “That meant so much,” Major McDonough says. “For so long, I felt I wasn’t doing what I should be doing, that something was lacking. Now, I know God’s using me, and that’s what I’ve always wanted.”

The Sounding Board

“By hearing their stories, I’m able to bring out the strength in each person’s life,” says Catherine Hoy, the spiritual care practitioner at Kate Booth House, a woman’s shelter in British Columbia. A former human-resources facilitator who has a masters in chaplaincy from Trinity Western University, Hoy uses her skills to provide support in the face of anguish. “I’m there as a sounding board,” she says. One day, a woman from West Africa came in who spoke no English. “What do I do, Lord?” Hoy prayed as the woman entered. “I’m a Christian, she’s a Muslim, and neither of us can understand the other.” The two looked at each other. “As it happened, a prayer rug was available. I spread it on the floor and, even though I knew she couldn’t possibly understand, I pointed to the rug and said, ‘We can pray together.’ ” The woman eagerly nodded, went upstairs, and reappeared wearing her prayer shawl. “My office became holy ground,” Hoy says. “We knelt, her on her prayer rug, me to one side. I had a scarf that I placed over my head. We prayed for 15 minutes in silence, she to her God, and I to mine.” “I was able to use the woman’s own religion to touch the deepest part of her heart,” says Hoy. “Sometimes, that is all one can do, but it’s often enough.” Salvationist I January 2012 I 15

offer seminary-level chaplaincy programs. For those serving in hospitals, Army chaplains, whether officers or lay, are expected to have studied in programs recognized by the Canadian Association for Pastoral Practice and Education (CAPPE). “Chaplaincy is a professional discipline, recognized in the public sector with a corresponding job description, so there’s a basic criteria that any prospective candidate has to meet,” says Woodland. “But, just as importantly, we look at people’s spiritual giftings, their heart for ministry and where their passion lies.” Where the Rubber Meets the Road All chaplains are trained to assist individuals to identify, affirm and use their own spiritual and religious beliefs to support and sustain them when they are going through times of crisis, need or recovery. “That’s what Salvation Army chaplains are about,” says Woodland, “meeting that practical need. I really believe that chaplaincy in The Salvation Army is an incarnational ministry. Salvation Army chaplains represent the presentation and the practice of our mission statement. They’re sharing the love of Jesus Christ, meeting practical, human needs and are a transforming influence in our communities.” Major Wavey Birt, a newly appointed chaplain at Toronto’s Maxwell Meighen Centre, had been a corps officer for a number of years. In a corps, she says, there are people of like mind who have a good sense that God is among them. They’ve come into that building for a reason. “When someone is in an institution or a shelter or they’ve been brought by the police in the middle of the night because their husband’s abused them, it’s a whole different field of ministry,” she explains. “It’s the same gospel, but what we’re doing is trying

The Intermediary

As a hospital chaplain, Captain Stephen Daley is responsible for 109 beds spread out over three floors of the Hôtel-Dieu Grace Hospital in Windsor, Ont., as well as the staff that work there. “They range from acute care to psychiatric cases, long-term care and post-op,” he says. As a result, he does a little bit of everything, from lending orderlies a hand to troubleshooting computer crashes. “You try to do every task that God puts before you to the best of your ability,” says Captain Daley. Captain Daley has found that he is not only there for the patients. He also acts as an intermediary between the patients and their families or hospital staff. “Each has a different dynamic,” he goes on to say. “Sometimes it is to liaise, sometimes to interpret and advise and sometimes to referee. Faith can be fragile when you are in a hospital, so I try to be a support for all. I think God enables me to be what is needed when it is needed.” 16 I January 2012 I Salvationist

“There are as many types of chaplaincy as there are life situations or human needs. Salvation Army chaplains minister to inmates in correctional facilities, and counsel patients and their families in longterm-care institutions, hospices and acute-care hospitals” to show that God is present and active in that situation. If, in the process, we can demonstrate Jesus Christ and what we believe, then this becomes an evangelical outreach. It then becomes our mission to share the love of Jesus. And when that happens, it is simply awesome. “This is where the rubber meets the road,” says Major Birt, “and I wouldn’t want to be anywhere else.” For more articles about Salvation Army chaplains, visit tag/chaplaincy.

The Interpreter

“There’s not a lot of churches with waiting lists,” jokes Doug Stringer, chaplain at The Salvation Army’s Anchorage Addictions Services at the Ottawa Booth Centre. “As a chaplain, I don’t have the stress of trying to get people in the door. On the other hand, I’ve had to try and present God to people who’ve had little or no experience of him from any perspective, and in a language that they can understand. It’s been a challenge, but I’ve really enjoyed it.” While Stringer conducts chapel services and teaches Bible study twice a week, a lot of his time is spent interacting with clients. “We deal with spiritual issues but I also help them try to get some understanding of who God is and how he might relate to their recovery. “This is a very different context from church work,” he continues. “It’s been stretching for me to present God to people who really don’t know him or have preconceived notions of the Christian God. They don’t get the language. So it’s even more invaluable when I can help them figure out who he is, and that’s one of the reasons I continue to come back to this facility.”

God Speaks in the Silence Officer delegates explore personal holiness and mission at Brengle Institute

We believe that it is the privilege of all believers to be wholly sanctified, and that their whole spirit and soul and body may be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. Each year, a group of officer delegates are appointed to attend the Brengle Institute, a week-long event held at Jackson’s Point Conference Centre (JPCC), Ont. Named in honour of Samuel Logan Brengle, the institute provides them with an opportunity to examine their personal holiness and mission as they re-explore the holiness doctrine. In October, officers gathered from across the territory to refocus their attention from the busyness of their appointments to reflect on what it means to live a wholly sanctified life. “There will be time for you to find places of personal encounter as you seek once again to listen to the voice of the Holy One who speaks in the silence of your innermost being,”

said Commissioner Brian Peddle, territorial commander, in his welcome to the delegates. The first full day of the institute was set aside for spiritual life development under the direction of Major David Ivany, spiritual director and THQ pastoral services officer. Following a morning of corporate worship, the practice of prayerfully reflecting on Scripture (lectio divina) and instruction on solitude and other practices, the delegates were invited to spend four hours in silence simply being attentive to God’s voice. While challenging for some, testimonies later in the day revealed how God had spoken to them. For some, it was a word from Scripture or an author’s insight. Others heard God’s voice in nature. “I have a greater desire to be more like Jesus,” says an officer delegate. “Through personal reflection God has revealed areas of my life that are unlike him, and has given me strength to surrender and give him control.” Delegates benefited from the teaching of a faculty that included General Bramwell Tillsley (Rtd), who presented on the person and work of the Holy Spirit, Major Kevin Metcalf (the doctrine of holiness), Major Jamie Braund (holiness in corporate worship—preaching and music) and Major Curtis Butler (practical holiness). Major Lynn Armstrong, director, pastoral services, was available throughout the

week to lend support. “I greatly appreciated the spirit and attitude of the leaders and teachers,” says one officer delegate, showing the impact of the faculty’s efforts. “Respect, a warm welcome, sound teaching and sensitivity to others would describe the week for me. It gave me new information and confirmed old commitments.” Traditionally, Brengle has included testimonies of God’s work in one’s life. In the safety of small groups, delegates shared how God’s grace had been experienced personally. “Moments of grace were awesome,” reports one officer delegate, “real, truly human. Excellent experience, practical and safe.” The THQ leadership development team recognizes the privilege of sharing with delegates as they open themselves up to God’s Holy Spirit at Brengle. Our prayer is that God’s timing was right for each delegate so that they left with the personal assurance of the following four statements: I am the beloved child of God the Father, I am the beloved friend of God the Son, I am the beloved temple of God the Holy Spirit, I am enfolded in the Three-in-One. Major Mona Moore is the leadership development secretary for the Canada and Bermuda Territory. Brengle delegates at JPCC

Photo: Lt-Colonel John Wilder


ince its earliest days, The Salvation Army has been known as a holiness Movement. Blessed with such great holiness teachers as Catherine Booth, Commissioner Samuel Logan Brengle and Commissioner Edward Read, Salvationists throughout the years have striven to understand and live out the tenets of the Army’s 10th doctrine:


Salvationist I January 2012 I 17

Photos: Majors Mona Moore, Don Grad and Gail Winsor

Reflections From the Holy Land

Above: Salvation Army officers in Jerash, Jordan. Below: A star in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem marks the possible birthplace of Jesus


or Christians, visiting the Holy Land provides the opportunity to experience the biblical narratives through a new perspective. We walk where Jesus walked. We visit where he was born, the places where he preached and the traditional sites of his Crucifixion and Resurrection. In October 2011, 42 Salvation Army officers visited the Holy Land. This was the second year that The Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda sent a delegation. “These pilgrimages promote the spiritual enrichment of our officers,” says Major Mona Moore, leadership development secretary. “They also foster the increase of biblical knowledge and awareness of Scripture, which heightens teaching and preaching ministries.” Here are reflections from five of the officers who visited the Holy Land.

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Bethlehem: Where God Came Down BY CAPTAIN DONNA SIMMS

AS WE ENTERED Bethlehem, I was reminded of the Christmas carol, “O little town of Bethlehem how still we see thee lie.” Today’s Bethlehem, however, isn’t little or still, but rather a bustling city. As we navigated the streets, I tried frantically to push aside the distractions and concentrate on the significance of this special place. Then we arrived at the Church of the Nativity, a site that has survived many hostile invasions as it seeks to preserve this sacred spot where Jesus was born. As I stood in line and waited for my turn to enter, I was at first disappointed by the crowd and the formality of the experience. But then I remembered that God does so many amazing things, many of them difficult for me to understand. In that moment, the fact that “The Word became flesh and blood, and moved into

the neighbourhood” confounded me (see John 1:14 The Message). God as a baby. A helpless baby. Yet this is how and where he chose to enter the world. He could have chosen the miraculous and regal, but instead chose a stable and a peasant family. This was all part of God’s plan: “We saw the glory with our own eyes, the one-of-a-kind glory, like Father, like Son, generous inside and out, true from start to finish” (John 1:14 The Message). The stable didn’t look like a stable, but

Galilee: Walking Among the People BY MAJOR DON GRAD

Lt-Col Junior Hynes stoops down to enter the Door of Humility at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem

in that brief moment I knelt to honour this place where God and humanity met. The truth of his divine and sacrificial love overwhelmed me. What a blessed location this truly was, not because we came to visit, but because this was where God came down. “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times” (Micah 5:2).

AS WE EXPLORED the Sea of Galilee, it was amazing to witness the contrasts found in such a small geographic area. There are modern cities, such as Tiberias, complete with luxury cars and four-star hotels, and yet nearby there are Bedouin camps made from tin, plastic and canvas with goats and camels outside. The Bedouin choose to live simply, so as to be unencumbered by the material things of life. The land is a mixture of valley rifts and mountain ridges. The mountains are very dry, and the valleys are fertile and green. North of the Sea of Galilee, where the headwaters of the Jordan River are located, the land is lush. Mount Hermon is covered with snow most of the year and provides much of the water for the Jordan River, which then flows into the Sea of Galilee and on to the Dead Sea. This land that God gave to his people is truly beautiful and bountiful. It was interesting to contemplate how Jesus would have traversed the land multiple times using foot power instead of an airconditioned bus, as our group did. The landscape can be very rocky, and it was a kind gesture for Joseph to have had a donkey for his pregnant wife, Mary, to ride on as they journeyed to Bethlehem. The many mountain heights provide amazing views of the land, and it was easy to imagine Jesus standing on any num-

ber of hills, waiting as the crowds gathered to hear him. Geopolitics is never far from mind in this area, and rockets were launched into Israel from the Gaza Strip during our visit. My prayers would often focus on asking God for peace for Israel and Jerusalem, and that people would see the true Prince of Peace. As we visited locations such as the Mount of Beatitudes, Nazareth, Mount Arbel or travelled on a boat in the Sea of Galilee, I gained a fresh perspective on the stories we read in the pages of the Old and New Testaments. Our tour guide provided many fascinating history lessons of the land and its people. Seeing the topography of the land brought the Bible stories to life. For example, we learned how winds can come suddenly out of the Jordan valley from the north, which then turn the Sea of Galilee into a churning rage with very high waves. Throughout our journey, I reflected on the image of Jesus walking the land, telling the story of God’s love and his plan for those who will follow him. Just as the land is full of contrasts, Jesus spoke to a great contrast of people with his wonderful gospel message that is for the whosoever.

The Garden of Gethsemane: Experiencing Anguish BY MAJOR DONNA ANSTEY

DURING MY PILGRIMAGE to the Holy Land, I had a number of moments that stopped me in my tracks. One of these

Above: The sun sets over the Sea of Galilee. Right: The Church of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes located on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee Salvationist I January 2012 I 19

was in the Garden of Gethsemane. As we entered this holy place, time seemed to stop. We were the only group there, which afforded us some private moments not experienced by most pilgrims. Surrounded by olive trees—just as when Jesus and his disciples were there—we walked in quietness, each of us with our own thoughts and a sense of our own unworthiness. Feeling humbled and weeping with emotion, I prayed and meditated on what had happened here around 2,000 years ago. We gathered in a small, secluded spot and shared in group devotions. We listened as God’s Word was read, hearing once more the heartrending story of Jesus facing this experience alone, surrounded by his sleeping disciples. The question came to my heart, How often am I so taken up in my own need that I am not available when Jesus needs me? And so I prayed, Loving Father, keep me awake to your voice. During our meditation, we reflected on how an angel came to strengthen Jesus, how Judas betrayed Jesus with a kiss and how Jesus restored the ear of one who

Above: Cpt Donna Simms reads Scripture during devotions held in the Garden of Gethsemane. Below: An olive tree in the Garden of Gethsemane

Approaching the Ecce Homo Arch (Behold the Man) along the Via Dolorosa

came to harm him. And then, in a moment that will never be far from my thoughts, Major Beverly Ivany sang the beautiful song, I Walked Today Where Jesus Walked. As she came to the final verse and sang about the Garden and climbing the hill of Calvary where our Saviour died, her voice broke, and my heart was strangely warmed, as we truly met Jesus in those moments and felt him close to us.

Via Dolorosa: The Path That Jesus Trod BY MAJOR KAREN FELTHAM

I FEEL AS IF JESUS is beside me as I step away from what may have been his prison cave while he awaited his Crucifixion. The smell of the musty prison lingers in my nostrils as my eyes adjust to the brightness of the morning sun. I am awestruck and 20 I January 2012 I Salvationist

full of wonder as my feet make contact with the Via Dolorosa, Christianity’s most holy route. This is the path that Jesus trod as he made his way to Golgotha. The street ahead is busy and crowded as people carry on the business of the day. People are pushing and shoving for position. I make my way through the crowd that is oblivious to my presence, except for the shop owners who want me to buy their wares. In this moment, it is no longer 2011. I picture the crowd as Jesus would have seen them on his divine walk down the Via Dolorosa. What must he have thought of these masses? It is nothing to me that no one notices the significance of this walk of mine, yet I am grieved in my heart to realize that as Jesus carried his cross down this very road, many paid no attention to him. They

hear the whispered, “Father, forgive them.” Then before me is Golgotha, the hill of Calvary. I pause as the Via Dolorosa comes to an end. The whispered words of forgiveness will soon become an echo not only through the corridors of these streets but through all eternity. But then I return to the present. I am challenged within my own heart to pray as Jesus did, “Father, forgive them.” I am called to enable others to see the significance of Jesus’ journey along this path. I am commissioned to go and tell others that forgiveness still comes from our loving Saviour, who walked the Via Dolorosa before me.

Qumran: The Dead Sea Scrolls BY MAJOR GLENN PATEY

A mural depicting Jesus carrying his cross located along the Via Dolorosa

did not realize that the Saviour was walking before them as they continued with the business of their day, unaware of the sacrificial love being spilled out. And I am grieved with the knowledge that many who did notice Jesus chose to mock him. As I walk along the path and try to see through Jesus’ eyes, I hear an echo in my heart. I sense that as Jesus viewed the clamouring crowds around him, there was a prayer in his heart. I believe that before Jesus voiced the prayer “Father forgive them” on the cross, the words had resonated over and over again in his heart as he passed his accusers, mockers and even the apathetic along the way. As I pass the place where he fell beneath the weight of the cross, the scoffers’ noise becomes all the louder, yet in his heart I

WHILE TRAVELLING along the northeast shore of the Dead Sea, our tour guide pointed out some caves in the distance. “That’s Qumran,” she said, “where they found the scrolls.” To be honest, it didn’t look like much. All I could see were three or four caves set in the side of a desolate barren hill. If it hadn’t been for the very limited knowledge I already had, I would not have thought too much about this site. Besides, we had already toured the Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem, which housed hundreds of shards, fragments and writings from Qumran. What else was there to see, except the caves themselves? Once we arrived, however, I was

immediately captivated by a stone inscription that told how Bedouin shepherds had found the Dead Sea Scrolls stored in jars inside these caves. It was as if I had suddenly become a time traveller. The walls of these caves had held the collective work of perhaps hundreds of committed God-believers who laboriously penned and re-penned much of the Hebrew Bible more than 2,000 years ago. To make their labour all the more arduous, the scrolls were etched in bad lighting conditions. Inkwells and writing utensils discovered through the years were crude at best. The only complete Book of the Old Testament that was found is known as the “The Great Isaiah Scroll.” This scroll was located intact in the initial Bedouin discovery in 1948. When I got a glimpse of the Great Isaiah Scroll on the wall before me, I was thankful to the ancient scribes for being so meticulously dedicated not just to their craft but to their calling. With my limited Hebrew, I scanned the scroll, mostly pretending that I could read such verses as, “A shoot shall come up from the stump of Jesse,” “Comfort, comfort my people,” and “He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth.” As my time travel ended that day, I prayed that I would become as concerned and tender about God’s Word in reading it, preaching it, teaching it and living it as those God-followers of 2,000 years ago who etched the Scriptures in leather with sharpened reeds.

Above: Examples of biblical scrolls stored in jars in the Qumran caves. Right: The caves in Qumran where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found Salvationist I January 2012 I 21


Life: Our Most Valuable Asset When we view others in the image of God, we foster a world in which everyone has value and dignity BY MAJOR DANIELLE STRICKLAND

22 I January 2012 I Salvationist

Photo: @ Hirao


ecently I listened to a CBC interview with Marni Kotak, a performance artist who “performed” the live birth of her son in a Brooklyn, N.Y., art gallery. Kotak said that creating life was the highest art form there is. There was no topping the birth of a human being. I think God agrees with her—perhaps not about performance art—but about the glory of human life. Deep within our Judeo-Christian faith is rooted the idea that all of life is precious. In the very beginning of the creation story, God imprinted his value on every human being. In Latin this is called Imago Dei. The Early Church fathers used the phrase to explain the value of life to many societies who didn’t seem to cherish the beauty of it at all. Every social evil can be traced back to a devaluing of human life. This is a simple but profound truth. If we valued people over profits, we wouldn’t have exploitation. If we valued people over power, we wouldn’t have corporate greed. If we valued people over production, we wouldn’t have slavery. A conversation I had with a John (a person who pays women for sex) underscores this reality. I asked him if he could see his own daughter as a prostitute. He was enraged and stated emphatically that his daughter (same age and race as the woman he was caught with) was different than “those girls.” It’s this dualistic thinking that catches us in a bind. The Army’s Dignity Project has helped to uncover some of our Canadian prejudices toward the “poor,” in which only some people have value in our society. Essentially, we value the people we know or love. For example, homeless men aren’t the same as our brothers or fathers, prostituted women aren’t the same as our sisters or our daughters, hungry children aren’t the same as our precious little ones. And we allow the abortion of unborn children whose smiles we’ve yet to witness. This is where the unfolding of our current societal prejudice against life comes to the fore. I recently watched a documentary called 180 (—please note that there is an advisory for graphic content). It fol-

lows the story of Adolf Hitler’s theories around life. In order to match his economic and political aspirations with reality, Hitler began to use science (particularly eugenics) as a tool in redefining life. His idea was that Germans had superior genes, and he sought to purify the gene pool. He set up mandatory sterilization for anyone not of the superior Aryan race and passed a law that declared Jews and other races not fully human. He rounded up the mentally ill, homosexuals, the developmentally disabled and those from multiracial backgrounds and had them “terminated,” which was viewed as different from murder because they weren’t fully human. Now, all of this sounds unrealistic and crazy. It’s difficult to believe that one of the most advanced societies, ethically, theologically and academically, went along with this thinking, but it’s important to realize that nothing Hitler did was illegal. He made it legal— even popular—to devalue human life. As he approached his own death, Pope John Paul II was asked what the greatest issues were for the next generation. He answered prophetically, “The greatest threat to the next generation is excessive capitalism and the death of children not

yet born.” He understood that if life is devalued, then production, power and profits become dominant values in any society. And when that happens, darkness sets in. The Apostle Paul suggests that there is no deeper darkness than when the light we think we have is actually dark. While visiting North America, Mother Teresa remarked that she knew of no deeper darkness than parents killing their unborn children for the sake of convenience. For her, abortion was a deeper poverty than the starving and discarded people she witnessed in India. In a deeply Christian way, Salvationists must cry out for our most valuable asset: life. Every unborn child, every discarded human being, every poor, lost soul is stamped with God’s great value—Imago Dei. Is it any wonder that the Psalmist tells us that the voice of an infant puts the enemy to flight (see Psalm 8:2)? Let’s live for life—our greatest asset. Together with her husband, Major Stephen Court, Major Danielle Strickland is the corps officer of Edmonton’s Crossroads Community Church. She has a personal blog at

Original Sin

Are people inherently good or evil? How can we be free from the bondage of sin?

Photo: © A. Sanchez

Sixth of a six-part series on heresy BY JAMES PEDLAR


everal times in Augustine’s Confessions we find the following prayer: “Give me the grace to do as you command, and command me to do what you will.” In this prayer, Augustine admits that he needs God’s grace in a radical way—not only to know what God commands, but also to do what God commands. Augustine was saying that he could not obey God without divine assistance. This well-known prayer of Augustine bothered his contemporary and fellow teacher of the faith, Pelagius. Though he was originally from Britain, Pelagius taught in Rome, North Africa and Jerusalem, and was respected for his exemplary life marked by austerity and self-denial. Pelagius disagreed with Augustine’s assertion that human beings were incapable of obeying God in their own strength. He thought this idea might lead people to avoid personal moral responsibility. So Pelagius denied the doctrine of original sin and taught that human beings have complete freedom of the will.

Therefore, he said, we do not need divine grace to overcome sin. For Pelagius, we are all inherently capable of pleasing God. The mainstream orthodox Christian tradition rejected Pelagianism and sided with Augustine on this issue. While Pelagius was right in stressing that we are each responsible for our moral actions and choices, he made the mistake of underestimating the severity of sin’s grip on the human race. As a result of the Fall, all human beings are in bondage to sin and have become totally depraved. This does not mean that we are completely evil, but rather that every aspect of our lives has been affected by sin, including our will, our understanding and our desires. In terms of the human will, the Fall means that we do freely choose what we want, but because of our depravity, what we want is idolatry and rebellion from God. We need God’s grace to intervene in a radical way, rescuing us from our bondage, changing our hearts and freeing us to love and serve God and our neighbour. It might seem overly harsh or nega-

tive to talk about our bondage to sin, but if we short-change sin, like Pelagius did, we limit God’s grace. The wondrous truth of the gospel is that we have been “made alive” in Christ, “even when we were dead in transgressions” (Ephesians 2:5). God’s grace is not merely a “boost” for good people, but new life for people who were dead in sin. Some Calvinists accuse Wesleyans of Pelagianism or semi-Pelagianism, but this is a misrepresentation of our doctrines. Wesleyans (and Salvationists) believe that God, through the atonement of Christ and by the power of the Spirit, is at work in all people, attempting to draw them to himself through his “prevenient” or “preceeding” grace—the grace that preceeds any act of faith on our part. God’s preceeding grace restores a measure of freedom to human beings, enabling us to respond to him in faith. Faith, therefore, is not a human work that we can produce in ourselves, but a gift of grace, without which we would be completely helpless. So, Wesley writes (clearly distinguishing himself from any form of Pelagianism), “That ye believe, is one instance of his grace; that believing ye are saved, another.” Even though all the major Christian traditions have officially rejected Pelagianism, there are still traces of it running through popular Christian culture today. A common example is found in the phrase, “God helps those who help themselves.” This clearly does not reflect the biblical perspective. The reason we need a Saviour is because we can’t help ourselves! If God only helps those who help themselves, we’re all lost. We also veer towards Pelagianism when we call people to salvation by saying, “God has done his part, now you have to do yours.” Statements like this are designed with the good intention of trying to get a response out of the hearer. But, in the push for a “decision,” we can end up giving the impression that, in the end, it is we who save ourselves by “doing our part.” In the struggle with Pelagius, the Early Church reaffirmed that salvation is fully and completely the gift of God. True life and freedom are not qualities we possess from birth, but gifts we receive by grace through faith in Christ Jesus. James Pedlar is a doctoral student at Wycliffe College, in the Toronto School of Theology. All six articles can be found at heresy. Salvationist I January 2012 I 23


Love – Right at the Heart

Robert Street Commissioner Robert Street’s Love – Right at the Heart is written in harmony with General Linda Bond’s international vision— One Army, One Mission, One Message. The book examines how Salvationists have a responsibility to one another while at the same time taking their caring ministry to the world. Commissioner Street reminds readers of Jesus’ command to love one another with the same depth of commitment that he shows to us, an essential aspect of discipleship. “Contributing to each other’s spiritual well-being is not only the prerogative of leaders,” says General Linda Bond, the Army’s international leader. “It is something in which we can all play a part.” Each chapter is structured to facilitate small-group interaction, a unique feature being an After the Meeting session in which imaginary Salvationists Sam and Joe briefly discuss each aspect of love in the context of daily service. Chapters conclude with Heart to Heart—discussion questions supported by biblical verses.


The essential role it plays in resolving conflict Donna Hicks The desire for dignity is a motivating force behind all human interaction notes Donna Hicks, an associate at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. Whether in marriages, families, working environments, communities or international relationships, when dignity is violated, the response is likely to involve aggression, hatred and vengeance. Although Dignity is not a Christian book per se, the author relates powerful examples and draws on her extensive experience in international conflict resolution and on insights from biology, psychology and neuroscience to explain the elements of dignity in simple terms. She helps readers recognize dignity violations, how to respond when we are not treated with dignity, how dignity can restore a broken relationship and why leaders must understand the concept of dignity. “This book is a must-read for those who want to experience peace in their everyday lives and peace in the world around them,” says Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu. “If you want peace, be sure everyone’s dignity is intact.”

Have a New Teenager by Friday

From mouthy and moody to respectful and responsible in 5 days Dr. Kevin Leman Does your son eat cereal from a mixing bowl? Does your daughter’s room look like a garbage dump? With wit and commonsense psychology, Dr. Kevin Leman offers practical solutions to successfully raising a teenager. Have a New Teenager by Friday aims to help parents gain respect from their teenagers, establish healthy boundaries and workable guidelines, and become the major influencer in their teenagers’ lives. An internationally known psychologist, speaker, and radio and television personality, Dr. Leman has taught and entertained audiences worldwide. 24 I January 2012 I Salvationist

A Heart for Freedom

Chai Ling In the spring of 1989, Chai Ling—a young, idealistic college student in Beijing—found herself leading one of the world’s greatest uprisings. When the student protest in Tianamen Square turned into one of history’s most horrifying massacres, she faced imprisonment and possible death at the hands of Chinese authorities. Chai Ling went deep underground and eventually escaped to safety in the United States. She completed her education, found love, became a successful entrepreneur and was twice nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, but was still haunted by her past. Years after the events of Tianamen Square, she was still searching to find meaning in the violence and tragedy she had experienced. A Heart for Freedom is the true story of Chai Ling, a tale of passion, political furor and freedom in Christ.

Essentials of Christian Experience

Frederick Coutts This pocket-sized book is a further addition to the series of classic Salvationist texts. The aim is to familiarize a new generation of readers with great writings previously published by the Army. Originally released in 1969, Essentials of Christian Experience gives readers rare insights into General Frederick Coutts’ thoughts and ministry. Personal holiness is a prominent theme of the book. “This is what holy living means: the dedication of as much as I possess to as much as I know of the will of God for me,” writes General Coutts. “And far from this total response cramping any [person’s] style, it ennobles him who makes it and glorifies the God whose service is always perfect freedom.” General Linda Bond says of these writings: “Readers need to hear from our godly Salvationists from the past who lived out their faith and wrote about it with conviction and humility.”

Getting Closer to God

Lessons from the life of Moses Erwin W. Lutzer God invites us to experience intimacy with him. “We are invited to pray, not just to get our needs met, but to understand that our greatest need is for God himself,” says Erwin Lutzer. Whether we struggle to find time for God or experience seasons of spiritual drought, God is reaching out to us. In Getting Closer to God, Lutzer shows us how to identify and overcome the obstacles preventing us from becoming better acquainted with the Lord. Using lessons from the life of Moses, he shows readers how to overcome doubt, obey God’s voice and learn to trust him.

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Territorial Prayer Guide

William Booth and Catherine Booth

WEEK 1 – JANUARY 1-7 Partners in Mission – South America East • Territorial institutes: youth, January 30-Febuary 3; music, February 3-11 • God’s provision of resources for corps, divisions, districts, recycling operations and training college • Effectiveness of public relations and development department at all levels • Successful implementation of integrated mission initiatives

Colonel Derek Elvin


WEEK 2 – JANUARY 8-14 Canada and Bermuda Program Services • Revival of the Army’s call to evangelism and discipleship • Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle to inspire territorial unity and missional effectiveness • Called and creative leaders for children’s and youth ministries


to fight for others. When her husband was sidelined for lengthy periods from exhaustion or illness, Catherine ably led the mission. She inspired thousands with her books and eloquent proclamation of the gospel. The booklet relates how Catherine Booth’s radical convictions significantly shaped the Army’s DNA. She courageously asserted and biblically defended the right for women to be equal to men in preaching the gospel, convinced her husband to make total abstinence from alcohol one of the requirements for becoming a Salvationist and publicly lobbied for legislation against the evil of recruiting children for prostitution. Also available is The Story of William Booth, a comic-format retelling of William Booth’s life story. Filled with illustrations and dialogue, it is especially appealing to young people. These incisive biographies are excellent historical resources for those new to the Army. Salvationists will benefit from these concise stories of two Army giants whose lasting legacy is a unique Movement that today has more than one million members serving in over 120 countries. Above products available from Salvation Army Christian Book and Supply Centres or online at

his year marks the centenary of the death of William Booth, Founder of The Salvation Army. In honour of this milestone in the Army’s history, Colonel Derek Elvin has written biographical booklets on both William and his wife and co-Founder, Catherine Booth. The first booklet, entitled William Booth, takes readers from Booth’s birth in Nottingham, England, to his funeral service in London attended by 40,000 people. The story highlights key events in Booth’s colourful career: his conversion, transitioning from travelling evangelist to Methodist minister to itinerant preacher and then becoming founder of the Christian Mission in East London, which became The Salvation Army. The subsequent rapid global expansion of the Movement and the development of social ministries are also included. The booklet has 40 historically significant photos and drawings, including one of the Booth family kneeling around Catherine’s bed in the final moments before her death in 1890. The second booklet, Catherine Booth, highlights the co-Founder’s incisive mind, deep compassion for the poor and indomitable faith. In spite of chronic ill health, she birthed eight precocious children, seven of whom became Army officers, and conquered personal weaknesses

WEEK 3 – JANUARY 15-21 Proclaimers of the Resurrection – 2011-2013 • Justin and Colleen Gleadall, David and Laura Hickman, Peter and Ruth Hickman, Vilma Ramos • Randy and Anne Holden, Joshua and Tina Howard, Dusty and Laurie Sauder, Ricaurte Velasquez • Cadets in field-based, tailored training: Darryl and Kimberley Burry, Courtenay, B.C.; Leonard Heng and Peck Ee Wong, Toronto WEEK 4 – JANUARY 22-28 British Columbia Division • Divisional leaders and their team to encourage front-line workers • The area commander to develop an effective leadership model for northern British Columbia • Strength, wisdom and grace for the front-line workers to First Nations peoples who grapple with such issues as suicide • The development of divisional youth work and the training of future leaders WEEK 5 – JANUARY 29-31 International Personnel • Lt-Col Joan Canning, executive director, Salvation Army World Services Organization, U.S.A. National Headquarters •L  t-Cols David and Marsha-Jean Bowles, territorial children’s and youth secretary/sports ministry director, and chief secretary, Germany and Lithuania Tty Salvationist I January 2012 I 25


ENROLMENTS AND RECOGNITION MISSISSAUGA, ONT.—Hilry Neale, Angelena Osagie, Sanford Drysdale, Yvonne Adams and Phyllis Williams are welcomed as soldiers at Erin Mills. With them are CSM Stephen Toynton and Bernadette White, holding the flag, and Cpts Ron and Judi Wickens, COs.

WOODSTOCK, N.B.—Donna Kimball becomes a soldier at Woodstock CC. With her are Cpt Laverne Fudge, CO, and CSM Diane Schriver.

WINDSOR, ONT.—Representing the Pearce family, Garry Pearce presents a new cornet to BM Ronn Marriot of South Windsor in memory of Ed and Darry Pearce, Garry’s brothers. Bruce Dalrymple is holding the flag. STRATHROY, ONT.—Mjr Roxzena Hayden, assistant executive director, Strathroy Community and Family Services, presents an appreciation certificate to Mark St. Jacques, owner and chef of the Little Beaver Restaurant in Komoka, Ont. For 10 years, the restaurant has provided a Christmas dinner for its customers and given that day’s sales to the Army’s community and family services in Strathroy. On that day, the staff has also donated their tips, taking the total to $20,000 raised over the past decade.

HALIFAX—Lorraine and Bill Black receive a plaque from Mjr Doug Hefford, DC, Maritime Div, honouring the Black Family Foundation’s $100,000 donation to the Building Hope Capital Campaign. In recognition of their support, the Black family received the naming rights for the dining room at the Halifax Centre of Hope. With them is Rhonda Harrington, DSPRD, Maritime Div.

PENTICTON, B.C.—Mjrs Larry and Lynda Farley were special guests for the 90th corps anniversary celebrations in Penticton. With them is Penticton Mayor Dan Ashton who spoke at the Saturday evening banquet. “The Farleys conducted an inspiring Sunday morning service, which was followed by a corps luncheon and a community hymn sing that attracted considerable interest,” says CCMS Barbara Pettifer. 26 I January 2012 I Salvationist

OSHAWA , O N T.— Pat Chown receives a retirement certificate in recognition of 15 years’ ministry as beginner band leader at Oshawa Temple. With him is Mjr Robert Reid, CO.

FREDERICTON—Jessie Crawford, age 96, receives a certificate of appreciation for 40 years of faithful service to women’s ministries. Jessie resides at a nursing home in Fredericton. With her are son, Donald; CCMS Doreen Fleet; Mjrs Judy and Larry Goudie, COs, Fredericton CC.


Brothers Give 20 Years of Volunteer Service

Officer Retirements

STRATHROY, ONT.— Mjrs Edward and Roxzena Hayden, executive director and assistant executive director, Strathroy Community and Family Services, honour brothers Murray and Larry Johnson for 20 years of volunteer service. The Johnson brothers began volunteering with the Army in 1992, initially sorting and packing food and toy hampers for Christmas. They also picked up donations from schools and businesses in November and December. They eventually increased their volunteer time to three days ever y week throughout the year, gathering donations for the thrift store and family services food bank. They now serve full time in Mjrs Edward and Roxzena Hayden with volunteers November and Larry and Murray Johnson December.

Major Cyril Janes was commissioned in St. John’s, N.L., in 1969. In 1970, he married Captain Mary Rogers, who retired in 2008. Cyril and Mary shared 84 years of combined service in corps ministry, at territorial headquarters, at then Metro Toronto Divisional Headquarters, in social services and long-term care in health services. As an officer-soldier, Cyril enjoyed serving in corps programs, especially youth work. “Although most of my officership was spent in administration, each appointment was a ministry and I am still amazed how my efforts reverberated in blessings to me,” says Cyril. “God’s Word for me today is, ‘Do not be terrified; do not be afraid…. The Lord your God, who is going before you, will fight for you” (Deuteronomy 1: 29-30). Cyril’s last appointment was corps officer at Stratford Community Church, Ont. Cyril and Mary are retired in Cambridge, Ont.

The Salvation Army Honours Cecile Toutant QUEBEC—At a Canadian Criminal Justice Congress in Quebec City, Mjr Kester Trim, DC, Quebec Div, presents The Salvation Army’s Good Samaritan Award to Cecile Toutant, a clinical criminologist practitioner in youth corrections and mental health for more than 40 years. She co-ordinates the adolescents’ assessment Cecile Toutant and Mjr Kester Trim program in Institut PhillipePinel, a maximum security psychiatric hospital, and has taught clinical criminology at the University of Montreal since 1972. Her approach to working with troubled youth is based on compassion, understanding, rehabilitation and a non-punitive approach to youth justice.

Correctional and Justice Services in Winnipeg Honoured WINNIPEG—Hugh Osler, president of the Canadian Criminal Justice Association, presented a public safety award to the Army’s correctional and justice services (CJS) in Winnipeg. The award recognizes individuals or organizations in Canada that have made a significant contribution to reducing criminal behaviour and pro- Mjr Curtis Butler accepts public safety tecting the public. “Since 1980, award from Hugh Osler the Salvation Army CJS in Winnipeg has provided quality community-based programming to individuals coming into conflict with the law,” said Osler in his remarks. Recognizing the potential for change in each individual, CJS has developed, implemented and evaluated several alternative programs to traditional sentencing practices. These include a positive lifestyle program that seeks to enhance self-esteem, conflict management and assertiveness, and an anger management course. Mjr Curtis Butler, CO, Weston Community Church, Winnipeg, accepted the honour on behalf of the Army.

Salvationist Fraser Lear Honoured LEAMINGTON, ONT.— Corps Sergeant-Major Fraser Lear was this year’s winner of the Alf Bennie Award at the Leamington and District Chamber of Commerce annual business excellence awards for his volunteer efforts in the community. In addition to his regular duties as corps sergeant-major, Dharmesh Patel, president of the Leamington Lear has volunteered at and District Chamber of Commerce, presents the thrift store and taken award to CSM Fraser Lear calls at night for those requiring temporary accommodations, giving the community and family services employee a break. “This is an honour—and very unexpected,” said Lear, who personally knew the now deceased Alf Bennie, a wellrespected lumberyard businessman in Leamington.

Bandmaster Calvin Way’s Lasting Legacy GANDER, N.L.—Gander Citadel honours retiring Bandmaster Calvin Way for 34 years of faithful leadership in the corps. Weekend celebrations included an alumni band concert, a dinner with entertainment and special presentations made during the Sunday morning service. Among those who travelled to Gander to be a part of the occasion were Bill and Brian Way, Calvin’s sons, who shared their gifts of music. “We give God glory and thanks for all that Calvin Way has given to music and to lives, young and old alike,” says Cpt Pamela Pinksen, CO. “It has been fulfilling to have young people practise the latest Army music that prepared them to play in other corps bands and, in some cases, the Canadian Staff Band after moving away from home,” testifies Way. “I stressed the importance of their commitment to the Lord and am encouraged to see some have become officers and youth pastors. Several have taken leadership roles in other corps.” Calvin Way with Cpts Cory and Pamela Pinksen Salvationist I January 2012 I 27


Territorial Leaders Welcomed Home


CARBONEAR, N.L.—Throughout the fall, Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle, territorial leaders, travelled across Canada and to Bermuda to get acquainted with Salvationists in the territory. A special treat for the Peddles was their welcome to Carbonear, where Commissioner Rosalie Peddle was born and grew up. Nearly 400 Salvationists gathered for the celebration and to pledge their support to their leaders. Responding to Commissioner Brian Peddle’s preaching of the Word, dozens of seekers knelt at the mercy seat for rededication.

FREDERICTON—Ruby Hazel Dunlap (nee Sellick) was born in 1925 in Greenhill, N.B. Ruby moved to Fredericton when she was 18 and married Walter Dunlap, her husband of 40 years. A housewife who loved and cared for her family, she was a kind and gentle woman who drew strength from her relationship with Jesus. She sensed God speaking to her at a young age, but it wasn’t until 1958 that she accepted Jesus as Saviour and began attending the Army at the Edgewood Outpost in Fredericton. Ruby served as cradle roll sergeant and Sunday school teacher, and was involved in home league and community care ministries. She loved attending worship and was a prayer warrior of the church. Ruby is survived by four children, one daughter-in-law, 11 grandchildren, 23 great-grandchildren and four great-great-grandchildren.   SPRINGDALE, N.L.—Greta Alberta (Locke) Oxford, Springdale Corps’ oldest soldier, was born in Woodford’s Cove, N.L., in 1919. She married Lodge Oxford of Springdale in 1941 and they raised 11 children. Passionate in ministry, Greta was the corps’ first corps cadet counsellor and first community care ministries secretary. She was a home league member, served as a songster and was a Sunday school teacher for many years. Greta loved ministering in the community, wanted everyone to know about Jesus and enjoyed hosting people in her home. Missing her are children Wilson (Lucy), Gerald, Eldon, Lindsay (Josephine), Joan (Bill), Lawrence (Glenys), Clarence (Barb), Lottie (Roland), Harry (Betty), Otto (Greta), Kevin (Donna); 35 grandchildren; 45 great-grandchildren; three great-greatgrandchildren; sisters Beryl Clarke, Marjorie Callahan; brother, Lester; many relatives and friends.

Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle with Wesley Rowe, Commissioner Rosalie Peddle’s brother

Calgary’s Centre of Hope Assists 30,000 People

Cutting the anniversary cake at Calgary’s Centre of Hope are Karen Livick; Mjr Donna Millar, DDWM, Alta. and Northern Ttys Div; Mjr Margaret Newbury; Mjr Sandra Stokes, AC, Alta. and Northern Ttys Div

CALGARY—The Salvation Army Centre of Hope in downtown Calgary celebrated 10 years of serving an estimated 30,000 of Canada’s less fortunate. With over 350 beds, the eight-story complex houses the men’s shelter, men’s residential services and the addictions program. Over the years, programs have been adapted to better meet the needs of the community. Present and former staff, divisional headquarters’ representatives, government officials, and donors and friends of the Army celebrated the occasion. Mjr Ron Millar, DC, Alta. and Northern Ttys Div, brought greetings as did Karen Livick, executive director, Mjr Reg Newbury, the first executive director, and MLA Teresa Woo-Paw. Participants viewed a pictorial history of the centre accompanied by the song For the Least of These, which was written for the opening of the building.


TERRITORIAL Appointments Mjr Carson Durdle, director, Toronto Hope Shelter, Ont. CE Div; Mjr David Oldford, chaplain, Toronto Liberty Housing Support Services, Ont. CE Div; Cpt Elizabeth Nelson, international emergency program officer, pro tem, program resources department, IHQ* *Additional responsibility Long service—25 Years Mjr Daniel Dearing Retirements Mjr Jolie Boyarski, last appointment: chaplain, 28 I January 2012 I Salvationist

CHATHAM , ONT.— Lillian Burleigh was born in 1919 and became an Army soldier in 1950. Lillian served the Lord through community care ministries and home league, where she was known as the tea lady. She married Ivan in 1941 and they had 53 years together. Lillian is sadly missed by children Beverley (Jim), Leonard (Sharon), Sharon (Dan); seven grandchildren; nine greatgrandchildren; sister, Edna Webster. OWEN SOUND, ONT.—Audrey Smith (nee Sloane) was born into a Salvationist family in 1916 in Owen Sound. Audrey got involved with Brownies and Guards during childhood, and was enrolled as a senior soldier in 1939. A songster and community care ministries member for many years, she served as a Sunday school teacher for 32 years and directory leader for 11. Audrey became a home league member in 1940 and a life member in 1992. She was one of the original board members of the Owen Sound Golden Agers seniors’ program formed in 1987 and enjoyed the fellowship, Bible study and choir. Audrey is missed by husband, John Smith; son, Leonard Burke; stepdaughter, Barbara Rowland (Phillip); one grandson; one stepgranddaughter and many friends.

New Westminster Buchanan Lodge, B.C. Div; Mjr Alfred Wilson, last appointment: special assignment, DHQ program department, Ont. GL Div Births Lts Darren/Danette Woods, daughter, Darragh Edith, Oct 18 Promoted to Glory Mjr Lawrence Spragg, from Cambridge, Ont., Nov 2; Lt-Col Ellen Ratcliffe from Vernon, B.C., Nov 6; Mjr Shirley Pond, from Toronto, Nov 7


Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle Jan 15 Meadowlands, Hamilton, Ont. GL Div;

Jan 18-19 Canadian Council of Churches— Church Leaders’ Retreat; Jan 24-25 Cabinet and Department Heads’ Conference, JPCC; Jan 26-27 National Advisory Board, Toronto; Jan 31-Feb 3, officers’ councils, Winnipeg, Prairie Div Colonels Floyd and Tracey Tidd Jan 22-23 CFOT, Winnipeg; Jan 24-25 Cabinet and Department Heads’ Conference, JPCC; Jan 26-27 National Advisory Board, Toronto* *Jan 27 Colonel Floyd Tidd only General and Mrs Bramwell Tillsley (Rtd) Jan 27-29 holiness retreat, Fort Lauderdale, Fla.


There’s an App for That! How can lost integrity be rebuilt? BY MAJOR CLARENCE BRADBURY


hat do you see when you look at 2011 in your rearview mirror? Were there many celebrations? Or do you see only carnage and chaos? On a global scale, many, including a company called Global Financial Integrity (see, regard 2011 as the beginning of “a lost decade” for world markets. This gloomy prediction was triggered by the collapse of integrity among those who hold the purse strings of the world. But in the midst of a declining global market and apparent loss of integrity, one company thrived and expanded its influence into the lives of millions of consumers. Apple’s success was based on Steve Jobs’ personal integrity and commitment to ensure that every product was the best that it could be before it went to market. Included in that was the vision that every question or problem that arose could be addressed by millions of “apps” that could be integrated into Apple’s products to give users a “total product experience.” If the Apostle Peter were commenting on the crisis of integrity inside and outside the Church today, he might say, “There’s an app for that!” Integrity is applied holiness that shows and grows within a well-ordered system. Lost integrity can be rebuilt, but only through a radical shift and reset in human behaviour. In this study we explore the application of holy habits to daily living. READ—Commencing at verse 5, read Peter’s list of virtues, then settle for a few moments on verses 8-9. Compare translations as you try to form a clear image of the different kinds of believers Peter has in mind. Now read Matthew 13:1-23 and note the striking contrasts outlined in both passages. REFLECT—A careful reading of 2 Peter 1:8 reveals the impact a simple preposition can hold. Peter anticipates the question “Why add all these virtues?” by saying,

“For (because) if you possess these qualities in increasing measure, they will keep you from being ineffective and unproductive in your knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.” Think of the deeper implications of Peter’s words by pondering these questions: 1. What is the significance of the word “if” in verse 8? 2. How does the phrase “increasing measure” compare with other Bible verses on growth in grace? 3. How do these virtues prevent us from being “ineffective and unproductive”?

while practising depravity? Misguided souls misguide others and rob the Church of its witness. A further dysfunction in verse 9 is spiritual amnesia. How is it possible for a Christian to live as if the experience of salvation has been forgotten? Reviewing all previous verses, what is Peter’s prescription for nearsightedness and forgetfulness? RESHAPE—According to Peter, we are blind if we don’t think we need to keep growing in Christian attitudes and virtues. Move beyond reading this text and allow it to speak to you by asking these questions: 1. How do these verses read me and my world? 2. How do they seek to transform me in character and conduct? 3. How do they equip and send me as a witness to Christ and his Kingdom? Apply these same questions to your corps and allow the truth of Scripture to rekindle your passion for Christian integrity. RECEIVE—Our grasp of Scripture and our life experience teach us that God is eager to embrace every person who wants to know him more. He works in us to stimulate and empower us to do his will (see Philippians 2:12-13). As you pray over this study, be receptive to God’s voice. Receive from him the insight, conviction and encouragement you need for a total Christian experience.

4. What results can we expect when we practise these virtues? 5. Why is knowledge of Jesus the Christian’s ultimate prize? (Revisit the theme of knowledge in verses 2-3.) Now look at verse 9 and see the contrasting experience of those who fail to pursue holiness. Peter’s use of the phrase “nearsighted and blind” suggests a spiritual myopia that is the opposite of “increasing measure” in verse 8. In what ways do we sometimes fail to see the big picture that more mature believers see clearly? Could Peter be referring to the false teachers in 2 Peter 2:19-22 who preached freedom


• Emotionally Healthy Spirituality by Peter Scazzero (Thomas Nelson, 2006) •D  efinition of Integrity by Chris “Czach” Hidalgo ( integrity.htm) Major Clarence Bradbury, D.Min., is co-ordinator of mentoring and web facilitation at The Salvation Army Jack McDowell School for Leadership Development, Atlanta.

Previous articles in the Bible study series can be viewed at Salvationist I January 2012 I 29

Photo: ©

Bible Study: 2 Peter 1


Trust Your Doctor

Science fiction show Doctor Who reminds us that our faith works through storytelling

Photo: BBC


Matt Smith stars in the BBC’s latest version of Doctor Who

I think religion is a very primal instinct within humans, a very good one, part of our imagination. —Russell T. Davies, former head writer and executive producer of Doctor Who


ast month I began a series of three articles that focus on faith and science fiction and indicated that science fiction is a flexible genre that allows, even encourages, the overt exploration of religious themes. I briefly outlined how such explorations can be found in BBC’s long-running and iconic sci-fi series, Doctor Who. I want to pick up that thread and suggest that Christians can engage with a show like Doctor Who on a theological level, not merely as an evangelical tool but as a means of exploring ideas about faith. At a 2008 Church of England conference on cultural relevance, clergy watched clips from Doctor Who, discussed parallels between the time-travelling alien, the Doctor, and Jesus, and participated 30 I January 2012 I Salvationist

in panels on moral evil and the Daleks, the Doctor’s robot-like enemies who see other life forms as imperfections that must be eliminated. In an interview with The Telegraph, conference organizer Andrew Wooding defended this approach of cultural evangelism: “Clergy shouldn’t be afraid to engage with popular culture as for many young people television plays a large role in their thinking.” I agree with Wooding’s sentiment about Christians’ need to understand popular culture and relate the gospel to that culture. Such approaches, however, tend to be superficially allegorical and can miss the point—not unlike a person who quotes biblical passages out of context. A clip of the Doctor ascending with angels, for example, might seem like a great sermon illustration. A closer look would reveal that the “angels” are actually killer robots. Where’s the spiritual connection there? Instead of working “hip” cultural references into sermons, the concentration should be on how popular culture reads and interprets issues of religion and faith.

Before overseeing the re-launch of Doctor Who in 2005, Russell T. Davies engaged with Christianity’s themes and stories in the mini-series The Second Coming (2003), in which the Son of God returns to earth in the form of a Manchester video clerk, Steve Baxter (Christopher Eccleston). Although Davies claims to be an atheist, The Second Coming is surprisingly respectful of the Christian tradition. It portrays humanity’s need for a saviour figure seriously and lays the groundwork for Davies’ exploration of religious themes of redemption and sacrifice in Doctor Who. This exploration has produced some remarkable insights not only about the role of faith but the nature of Christianity itself. In the two-part conclusion to the third series, “The Sound of the Drums” and “Last of the Time Lords,” Davies re-imagines the redemption of humanity echoing both the passion of Christ and John’s apocalypse. The Doctor’s arch-nemesis, the Master, enslaves the population of earth and forces the Doctor to watch helplessly as his beloved earthlings suffer. While familiarity with the generic and narrative conventions might lead the viewer to predict where the story is heading—a showdown between good and evil with the Doctor triumphing over the Master—the route Davies takes and what he chooses to emphasize within that story shows a deep understanding of the power of faith and its ability to shape our lives. Analogous to the role of the disciples who spread the gospel of Christ, Davies includes the story of Martha Jones, one of the Doctor’s human companions. Martha spends a year travelling the world, telling people about the Doctor and all he’s done to save them. In drawing a connection between the defeat of evil and the evangelistic disciple, Davies makes a profound observation—faith works through story and by telling that story to all the people of the world. Although I don’t think we should consider Davies’ version as anything but a creative re-working of a familiar story, by emphasizing the importance of telling and retelling the story, Davies highlights something that Christians often forget: we play an active and vital role in the message of Christ. Michael Boyce, PhD, is assistant professor and chair of English and film studies at Booth University College in Winnipeg. He is a founding fellow of the Canadian Institute for the Study of Pop Culture and Religion ( His book, The Lasting Influence of the War on Postwar British Film, will be available March 2012.

Social Work

Greg Reid , BSW

Alumnus 2006, Bachelor of Social Work

when greg reid choSe to StUdy at Booth it was for two reasons – the institution was faith-based and it was small. having the opportunity to pursue social work within the context of his christian faith was important to greg. “during his time on earth, Jesus demonstrated the values that Booth teaches and i always felt that the college integrated the principles of hope, social justice and mercy into their programs, helping students to become his hands and feet in their communities.” for greg, who hails from Bishop’s falls, newfoundland, Booth’s smaller classes provided an environment that not only encouraged participation, but made it possible for professors to challenge their students’ preconceived notions of the world. “Studying at Booth taught me to think critically and to question how my social work practice might be impacted by my faith, while not compromising the profession’s code of ethics,” greg remarks. “it also taught me to reconsider some of my previous belief systems and to approach life and other people in a non-judgmental fashion.”

Education for a better world.

Photo: © ODonnell

Volunteers are the army behind The Salvation Army, especially during the busy Christmas season. Thousands of people were touched with the love of Jesus because you: • collected money at a Christmas kettle • sorted food at a community and family services • packed toys or hampers in a warehouse • serenaded with your corps band • ran in the Santa Shuffle fundraiser • gave a pig or mosquito net to the developing world through Gifts of Hope • distributed Faith & Friends to hospital patients • organized a special Christmas outreach event Thanks for keeping the Army’s mission alive. We couldn’t do it without you!

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