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by Margaret Silf

Growing your faith as you sit at the feet of the Saviour

by Lieut-Colonel Ian Southwell Described as a ‘self-guided spiritual retreat’, this book is a clear, gentle yet challenging handbook for anyone wanting to journey with God and develop in spiritual reflection. Margaret is an engaging writer who includes many personal illustrations. This book can be a devotional guide for personal use and a valuable resource for small groups.

Wayne Cordeiro

Lieut-Colonel Southwell’s book is for those who want to deepen their relationship with God and also with people. He uses the development of human relationships and the image of a spiral staircase to explain a method of developing our relationship with God. Questions and activities for each chapter provide starting points for reflection and action.

Life can be wearing. What we need is protection deep within; that part of us that connects us with God. This book will help you hear God speak to you through the Bible. Embark on an adventure as you learn of God’s handpicked mentors who will help you on your faith journey. Be challenged to develop a lifelong habit that will preserve your soul and hide God’s living Word inside.




by William Booth

by Captain Tracey Davies and Major Ros Elms

by Wm Paul Young

Mack, struggling through the pain and anger caused by a personal tragedy, comes face to face with God – Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This book challenges our ideas of who God is and what he wants of us. It makes the reader think outside the traditional ideas of God. or your nearest Salvation Army supplies or trade The first of a series of pocket-sized books intended to help a new generation of readers become familiar with works that have come to be regarded as ‘classics’ in Salvationist circles and beyond. Featuring letters from General William Booth to Salvationists this stresses the importance of a clean heart in Christian ministry.

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The Communication of Love

Most of us have recited this traditional prayer as children or in teaching it to children. Its singsong rhythm makes it easy for a child to remember and its simple words fit a child’s understanding. The illustrations appeal to their imagination. The last page presents a conversation starter for further thought on God’s love and provision for each of us.

18 FEATURES 05 A day and night cry for justice MAIN FEATURE

20 Freedom to read SOCIAL ISSUE


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15 Heart2Heart

JA N UA RY- M A RC H 2 0 1 1




12 African prayer BIBLE STUDY

14 A life of purpose TEEN MINISTRY

COLUMNS 09 The mark of a leader LEADERSHIP

17 Crying out to God SPIRITUAL LIFE

22 Pressure rising

IN EvERy ISSUE 04 The editor’s page 10 News 18 The prayer house 23 Coming event s / iQuote

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Front cover: Photo of Colonel Eva Kleman Back cover: World Day of Prayer, Mark 6:38 in Spanish and English

A RESOURCE MAGAZINE FOR WOMEN IN MINISTRY AND MISSION Publisher: Commissioner Helen Clifton, World President of Women’s Ministries Communications Secretary, Editor-in-Chief, Literary Secretary, IHQ: Lieut-Colonel Laurie Robertson, Editor: Lieut-Colonel Carolynne Chung Designer: Berni Georges © Shaw Clifton, General of The Salvation Army, 2009 Founders of The Salvation Army: William and Catherine Booth Printed in the UK by Lamport Gilbert Printers Ltd

THE SALvATION ARMy International Headquarters 101 Queen Victoria Street London EC4V 4EH United Kingdom

Articles on any subject of interest to women in ministry are welcomed by the editor. To send an article, write to Subscription details at


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the bells of St Paul’s Lieut-Colonel Carolynne Chung



t happens every morning without fail. The quiet toll of the bell me to allow God to surprise me in the little moments of each day, enters my thinking with a soft, calming clang. The sound lasts to nudge me to pray for those I meet. just a few seconds but it causes me to stop and take a breath. My moment of prayer may be for a weary-looking ticket I work in the city, surrounded by trains, buses, and thousands collector, or for a co-worker who shares a burden. It may be for the of people hurrying on their daily errands. Quiet it is not! Yet into hundreds of tourists on the bridge across the River Thames just this busyness around me and in the office comes a moment of ‘stop outside our office building, that God will bless their time in the and listen’ when the bell rings. city. It may be a prayer of thanksgiving at the sight of the dome of From my office window in London I can see the bell tower of St Paul’s reflected against a cloudless blue sky (a not-so-common St Paul’s Cathedral. The bells have rung for hundreds of years, occurrence!). And I may have missed God’s moment if the bells marking the passing of the hours and calling had not rung. people to prayer. I must admit I don’t always hear the bells. ‘THE BELLS MAKE I find myself wondering ‘Who heard those Some days the toot of car horns, an emergency bells a 100, 200 years ago? Was their life then as ME LOOK UP FROM siren, the chatter and laughter of a group of hectic as mine? Did they long sometimes for THE COMPUTER’ children on their way to school – many things peace and quiet amid their daily life? Did the may block out the church bells from my bells remind them, like they do me, to stop and pray? Did the bells attention. Some days I am so engrossed in my own thoughts as to remind them that we can be so busy with what seems important that be oblivious to the soft clang of the bells. Something is lost when I special moments are missed?’ don’t hear them. Gone is the chance to stop and refocus, to pause Often I find myself hurrying from one thing to another, from and pray. project to project, from the office to the shops to the train to the I hope this issue of Revive will be like the bells of St Paul’s, a house to prepare dinner, only to start all over again the next day. gentle reminder to pause and pray. As 2011 is to be a year of prayer I need to stop and hear the bells. In life’s busy times I need to many articles will help us in our prayer walk. Other articles will, stop and pray. like my bells, bring specific issues to our prayer attention. As you The bells make me look up from the computer and notice read articles about adult literacy, teen girls, and the World Day of my co-workers – to pause and chat around the coffee table for Prayer, pause, thank God, or pray for those you know who face a few minutes. They remind me to walk a little slower to the similar situations. May this issue bring new adventures in your train station and to be available to show the way to the life of prayer. many tourists looking for directions in the city. They tell As I write the bells are ringing. They are like God’s quiet voice in my heart, always there, ever speaking. If I would only anticipate his voice, only take the time to pause and take a moment to pray, what surprises await!

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a day and night cry for justice A GLOBAL CALL TO PRAYER Lieut-Colonel Janet Munn INTERNATIONAL HEADQUARTERS

‘And will not God bring about justice for his chosen ones, who cry out to him day and night? I tell you, he will see that they get justice, and quickly’ Luke 18: 7-8


report compiled by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in 2000 states that more than one in five women in the USA (22 per cent) is the victim of physical violence from an intimate partner; in Turkey, that figure is 58 per cent; in Kenya, 42 per cent; in Canada, 29 per cent and in Mexico, 27 per cent. Worldwide, domestic violence is the leading cause of death among girls and women age 14 to 44 ( The United Nations Statistics Division has indicated that, abortion based on gender – specifically because the fetus was female – has led to as many as 50,000,000 missing girls from India and China, two cultures where males are preferred due to social and economic structures that devalue females. Globally the number one reason for abortion is gender – that the baby is a girl ( Revive 5


Abuse and violence against females in the 21st century is just one of the countless issues we face in the world today. It is certainly one of the powerful reasons to pray, to cry out night and day, to the God-of-Justice, on behalf of the oppressed. The parable told by Jesus of the persistent widow, as recorded in Luke 18:1-8, is a passage about the struggle of the powerless for justice (vv 2-3). Jesus’ selection of a widow, a vulnerable woman, as the protagonist in the parable flies in the face of oppression of females in our world and fuels our imagination of what can be. This vision requires nothing less than relentless perseverance until justice is meted out (v 3:7).

The Struggle of the Powerless for Justice In a certain town there was a judge who neither feared God nor cared what people thought. And there was a widow in that town who kept coming to him with the plea, ‘Grant me justice against my adversary’ (Luke 18:2-3). Jesus’ parable tells of a widow in need of justice but the judge arbitrating her case was unjust. In Jesus’ day legal cases were always a matter of a judge deciding to vindicate one party or the other. Such judges were usually appointed by King Herod or the Romans and were notorious in their corrupt practices, particularly the expectation of bribes. The widow is without resources of any kind and has no India Eastern Territorial youth Songsters in prayer and praise at the world youth Convention in Sweden

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hope of ever extracting justice from such a judge. This woman is a symbol of all who are poor and defenceless in the face of injustice. In her book Choosing the Better Part? Women in the Gospel of Luke, Barbara E. Reid says that this widow is virtually powerless in that she has no status compared to the judge or relative to others who would plead with him. Widows such as Ruth, Tamar and Anna and the woman in Luke are biblical women of action and persistence who are vital in challenging assumptions of widows as poor and helpless as they demonstrate assertiveness in their willingness to take critical action for justice and salvation. This paradox of strength and weakness is intrinsic to the Kingdom of God and manifest in the essential nature of Jesus Christ. The Kingdom of Heaven, like a woman with yeast (Luke 13:20-21) comes not in power and glory but in ‘hiddenness’ and insistence.

The Image of God – As Judge or Vulnerable Widow? Finally [the judge] said to himself, 'Even though I don't fear God or care about men, yet because this widow keeps bothering me, I will see that she gets justice, so that she won't eventually wear me out with her coming’ (Luke 18:4-5). Here is an unexpected twist in the parable. That God would be relentlessly pursuing justice is not a new image of the divine. But

reveal Clockwise from top left; international volunteer workers at Centre for Spiritual Life Development (CSLD) pray for the world; Salvation Army officers meet at CSLD for the first International Prayer Leaders Gathering; Captain Young Kim (USA Eastern Territory) teaching Korean-style prayer at ‘Time to Be Holy 458’, an international youth holiness retreat prior to the World Youth Convention.

that God is more akin to a victimised widow than a powerful judge is startling. She embodies godly power in the midst of apparent powerlessness. Followers of Jesus are invited to take up the same stance: to draw on the power of weakness to overcome death-dealing powers through intercession, says Barbara Reid. We identify with the widow persistently challenging injustice, injustice meaning anything out of line with the perfect will of God. In their book Just Imagine, Major Campbell Roberts and Captain Danielle Strickland define injustice. ‘Injustice is sin, systems, powers and authorities that damage the world. Injustice is greed, desire and harmful practices and beliefs that diminish people and society . . . Social justice is about putting our whole lives behind the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross, and partnering with him in redeeming the whole world.’ And so we thank God for his call to The Salvation Army. A call for nothing less than Salvationists to be on their knees before the one who alone can bring about a restoration of justice in the earth, even a holiness revival – A Global Call to 24/7 Prayer: A Day and Night Cry for Justice. This call is issued from the office of the General. General Shaw Clifton calls the Army around the world to non-stop prayer commencing on 1 January 2011. This is an open-ended call, inviting believers to focus their prayers globally on justice. You are invited to join in the day and night cry for justice, with the same spirit of persevering prayer honoured by Jesus in Luke

18:1-7. Sign up at where monthly prayer topics and information will also be available. There is a spiritual readiness among us for this call. Additionally, the great need of the time in which we live and serve urges us toward day and night prayer. In Luke 18:8 Jesus concludes his teaching with the question, ‘However, when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on the earth?’ Jesus is looking for evidence of faith on the earth upon his return, in his chosen ones crying out to him day and night. May The Salvation Army be part of the faith that he finds. As we look to the future with vision infused by faith let’s dream God’s dreams, inspired by the Holy Spirit, who alone can do more than we can ask or imagine.

Looking ahead by faith Where could this Global Call to 24/7 Prayer lead? How might the world be different as a result? Just imagine the possibilities = Tens of thousands of believers will be praying – intentionally and intensively! = Prayer rooms will be actively utilised by every age group, by friends, soldiers, strangers, visitors, those coming to us in need, and by leaders. = Prayer rooms will be established as a permanent part of life in thousands of Salvation Army centres around the world. = Countless stories of people coming to know the love of Revive 7



BEYONDBORDERS dear friends,

Christ, testimonies of salvation, stories of healings physical, emotional, spiritual, and of reconciliation, and deliverance, will be on our lips. = Flowing out of the prayer rooms will be fresh and creative ministries to the poor, the lost, the broken-hearted, children and youth at risk, oppressed and exploited women and men without hope. = There will be a significant increase in people reached for

Jesus Christ. The many individuals and families who come through our doors will encounter refreshed and revitalised Salvationists, hearts enflamed with the love of God through communion with him in prayer and hearts tenderised to the needs of those around them. = Every Salvationist will be involved in intentionally

growing in Christ through eager participation in Bible studies, prayer groups, small group accountability, and spiritual formation partnerships – to establish in discipleship what has been ignited, strengthened and refreshed in the prayer room. = The Salvation Army will be united as an Army on its knees, crying out to God, night and day, for justice on behalf of the vulnerable, the oppressed and the exploited.

Greetings in the name of the Lord Jesus. This new Year message for 2011 is the last I shall write before retirement! I hope the theme inspires you, whether you use it personally or as your women’s ministries theme for the year. The theme is Beyond Borders. As always, our hearts go out to you in prayer as we look ahead. my own prayers will continue even when I am no longer in my appointment. We need to reach out in our prayers to those who are across borders from us in the political world or the cultural world. We need to be praying for them, that they will somehow hear the Word of the Lord and be saved. Please make this your prayer and your desire in the coming year with an intensity you have not felt before. ‘The earth and everything on it belong to the Lord. The world and its people belong to him’ (Psalm 24:1). The General and I send our love in Christ to you and our prayers for the whole world. With warmest greetings. Yours in Christ,

Helen Clifton, Commissioner Lieut – Colonel Janet Munn SECRETARY FOR SPIRITUAL LIFE DEVELOPMENT IHQ

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WorLd PreSIdenT of Women’S mInISTrIeS

redefine leadership

the mark of a

Christian leader Leadership is influence. Take Moses for example, who led God’s people out of Egypt. His job was not just to lead them across the Red Sea, but also to lead them to God. His mission was not complete hoosing, finding or becoming a leader is a risky until he had led them to God. They had to know God as he did. It is business, because the future of all the people within the one thing to lead people out of trouble and quite another to lead them leader’s responsibility is at stake. Leading means to God. Christ says, ‘Feed my sheep’ (John 21:15). making sure that your followers’ future is secure. Giving an account of his work on earth, Jesus said, ‘While I was John MacArthur in Wanted: A Few Good Shepherds (Must Know with them, I kept them safe by the power of your name, the name How to Wash Feet) states that ‘church leadership is ministry not you gave me. I protected them, and only one of them, the one worthy management. Those whom God designates as leaders are called not of destruction was lost …’ (John 17:12). to be governing monarchs but humble slaves. Not slick celebrities He gave an account of what God had given him to work with. He but labouring servants. A leader must exemplify sacrifice, devotion, gave a report of what he had done – and the one who was lost. A submission and lowliness’. leader must be accountable – this is true stewardship. Who then is a good leader? While She gives an account of what she has been given. A ‘CHURCH modernisation may present church leadership as steward must be faithful with what they have. LEADERSHIP IS glamorous, the apostle Paul describes the After identifying the leader, we want to know difficulties of leadership as sacrifice, labour, what her agenda is. We have to know what she wants MINISTRY NOT service and hardship. These words do not in any to achieve. Christ says, ‘… these things I do are not MANAGEMENT’ by my own authority but that I say only what the way express glamour. They eloquently speak of the complexity and varied responsibilities of a Father has taught me’ (John 8:28). These are the Christian leader, in this case referring to all facets of church words of Christ, the leader of Christians, which sets the agenda for leadership. Remember, all may have a vision, skill and the will to Christian leadership. Before his crucifixion Christ said, ‘I pray that what you want will be done’ (Matthew 26:42). He had a choice not lead. While we look on the outside, God looks on the inside. So what to endure death’s pain, but he surrendered to the will of the Father. does God look for in a leader? Anyone who claims to be a Christian A leader has to seek God’s will and fulfil it. ‘The master answered, “You did well. You are a good and loyal must know Christ. How can you tell they know Christ? First, one will confess with her mouth and believe in her heart that Christ is Lord. She servant. Because you were loyal with small things, I will let you will be in communion with Christ. Secondly, and most critical, God care for much greater things. Come and share my joy with me”. must know her (the leader). Of Christ, God said, ‘This is my Son, whom (Matthew 25:23) …Are you a good steward? Are you faithful to your task? I love, and I am very pleased with him’ (Matthew 3:17). Christ said, ‘But if I do what my Father does, even though you don’t believe in me, All Scripture references are from believe what I do’ (John 10:38). James says, ‘Someone might say, “You The New Century Version have faith, but I have deeds”. Show me your faith without doing anything, and I will show you my faith by what I do’ (James 2:18). The words of Christ and James witness to their knowledge of God. Therefore, a leader will give of self fully. She will not just sit and wield Columnist for 2011 power, barking commands. Church leadership is not for dictators. ‘No flock can survive and prosper if its shepherds try to Marion Ndeta KENYA EAST TERRITORY trade their staffs for thrones,’ states MacArthur.


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AUSTRALIA Townsville Riverway Corps Memory Makers is a ministry to women at the Townsville Riverway Corps in Australia Eastern Territory. It commenced in 2008 with eight members, it has grown now to 32. The recipe is easy. Take a group of women with a supply of photos. Mix liberally with good food, a relaxed atmosphere and helpful instruction. Sprinkle with encouragement and stir with love. The result is a wonderful day making new friends while preserving old memories.

Clockwise from top left: young Memory Makers!; sharing memories; Memory Makers at work

The corps and the Recovery Services share the ministry. Officers from both centres share in leadership. The opportunities for building relationships and pastoral care are endless. One woman new to Memory Makers has since invited four others who are inviting more women! And the inviting woman has since started coming to church with her daughter. Memory Makers Ministry!

‘THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR BUILDING RELATIONSHIPS AND PASTORAL CARE ARE ENDLESS’ INTERNATIONAL HEADQUARTERS To mark the General’s Calls to Prayer for Peace and for Victims of Sex Trade Trafficking in September 2010, officers and lay staff participated in 40 hours of prayer at International Headquarters. The prayer sessions took place in the International Headquarters chapel on the first floor that had been suitably decorated by the zonal offices, highlighting projects relevant to prayer topics from their zones. Participants spent 30 minutes at a time in prayer. Some 57 officers and 13 lay staff took part in these moments of faith.

Clockwise from top left: praying light into the darkness; chapel at IHQ; praying for Papua New Guinea; praying for world’s needs; praying for Africa

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Faith in Christ Jesus is what makes each of you equal with each other, whether you are a Jew or a Greek, a slave or a free person, a man or a woman. so if you belong to Christ, you are now part of abraham's family, and you will be given what God has promised. Galatians 3:28,29 Contemporary English Version.


free and loved Colonel Eva Kleman SWEDEN AND LATVIA TERRITORY

in Christ's family there can be no division into Jew and non-Jew, slave and free, male and female. among us you are all equal. that is, we are all in a common relationship with Jesus Christ. also, since you are Christ's family, then you are abraham's famous descendant, heirs according to the covenant promises. Galatians 3:28,29 The Message We are told that, in Christ, all people are equal – but how do we show this in action towards young girls and boys in our ministry? What changes may be called for? Do we tend to have separate behavioural expectations for girls and boys? When i grew up i knew nothing about ‘equality’. i had two brothers and one sister and we all learned how to ride bikes and how to hammer, as well as doing our own laundry and learning to cook. i remember my mother painting the walls in our summerhouse, as well as knitting sweaters, and my father was a skilled cook even if he was an engineer by profession. all that was natural to me. i didn’t know it could be seen as ‘equality’. My brothers cried when they fell from the bike, as did my sister and i. My sister was brave and often protected her twin brother. i didn’t know that was about equality. i just thought it was about being fair. i remember our father talking to us about what we wanted to become when we grew up. My sister was skilled in mathematics and my brothers were interested in psychology and economics. there were no boundaries, just choices to make about our education and future, no matter the gender. Yet often men and women are treated differently. From birth boys and girls are

linked to different expectations. Consider the way we talk to babies. Girls can be addressed in soft tones compared to the more powerful way we talk to boys. remember hearing the expression ‘boys don’t cry’? What message does that send to boys who are naturally more sensitive in nature? Because of different treatment from their earliest years boys and girls may be given different opportunities to develop skills, characteristics and interests. to some extent these are generalisations, but we know that some people are treated differently because of their gender and, as a result of this, unjust situations can arise. the views of gender have changed over time, but despite these changes it is still hard to alter patterns. the challenge today is not really about equality. it is not about forcing people to do things they don’t like or have no talent for, nor even to become perfectly equal. Our challenge is to give children the opportunities to choose. Men and women, boys and girls will always be different. and that is good! God created it so. But he also gave us all opportunities to develop and learn. Jesus treated men and women, children, the sick, the poor and the rich

with love and compassion. that is our calling, to see the person behind age, social status or gender, and to give small boys and girls the same opportunities to explore the future – free and loved.

ks s a T

Read about girls and women in the Bible – Eve, Sarah, Ruth, Esther, Mary, Mary Magdalene or Martha for example. Put yourself in a biblical woman’s shoes and imagine the opportunities she may have been denied because of her position or gender. Pray for the children in our families, youth groups, and schools – that each is treated with respect.



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AfricAn imAges of prAyer Lieut-Colonel Margaret Wickings INTERNATIONAL HEADQUARTERS

Some go even further, taking brooms and ‘sweeping out the devil’. These exuberant expressions can tempt us to ask ourselves, ‘Should we also pray like this? Are our prayers weak when we do not use these methods? Is this really how God wants his children to talk with him?’ In Africa when we visit a local chief, do we enter with noise and arm-waving to catch the chief’s attention and force him to listen to us? No. That would be very disrespectful. Rather, when we visit the chief we enter calmly, respectfully. We may remove our shoes or frican Salvationists are greatly challenged these days we may kneel. We wait for him to prompt us. We listen intently concerning prayer. They see many different ways of when he speaks. Often in Africa we speak to the chief through a prayer that cause them to consider their own prayer ‘linguist’, a representative who goes between the chief and us. The expression. Observing how others pray can help us linguist knows how to present our words to the chief and enables all to grow in our understanding of prayer. It can sometimes also us to understand clearly what the chief is saying to us. cause confusion. Some Christians use loud God is the Chief of all Chiefs (see Revelation hand-clapping in prayer as if to catch God’s 17:14). When we talk with him in prayer we do so attention or sometimes to keep themselves respectfully, as to a chief. We do not need to shout, awake! Others shout loudly, punch the air or ‘OBSERVING HOW clap, or jump up and down. Indeed, to do so may jump up and down – actions which may OTHERS PRAY CAN imply that we do not respect him. We pray in the suggest that God needs to be strongly name of Jesus, like speaking through a linguist, persuaded to listen and answer. Still others HELP US ALL TO knowing that God will hear and answer (see John repeat words or phrases, each time louder than 14:13-14). We do this not by shouting Jesus’ name GROW IN OUR the time before – to drive out the devil or to with great emphasis but by speaking it confidently, convince God that they mean what they say. UNDERSTANDING’ with respect, like speaking through a linguist. Lieut-Colonel margaret Wickings is a British officer who served in Ghana, Zambia and east Africa and is now under-secretary for Central and West Africa at IHQ. Prayer is a vital part of her life. Her memory is full of her African ‘family’ at prayer, in all its fervency and spiritual depth. Her thoughts on what she has seen in Africa, especially practices brought into the church from other religions and traditions, may cause all who pray to examine their prayer expression in the light of the nature of God.

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‘Opposite page: when a believing person prays, great things happen’ James 5:16 New Century Version; this page, top to bottom; ‘If two or three people come together in my name, I am there with them’ Matthew 18:20. New Century Version; ‘And pray in the Spirit on all occasions ... always keep on praying for all the Lord’s people’ Ephesians 6:18. New International Version


Consider a child speaking to his father. Some children rush into their father’s presence noisily, trying to force him to agree with their ideas. Some feel they must compete with their siblings in this way to catch his attention. Does a father encourage that method? Not usually. A loving father whose child speaks to him like that may say, ‘Slow down, calm down. I am here. I am not far away. You do not have to catch my attention. I am listening already. Do not try to force me. I will do what I see best for you.’ God says the same to us. He wants us to come close to him, to share our thoughts and ideas with him. At times we may speak in excitement. He loves to see our passion, our enthusiasm and our love of life. He also wants to hear our anger and to share our pain. But he does so as one who is close to us, not far away – as one who understands and cares, not as one whose interest we need to stir first. We do not have to impress him by noise or physical actions. We do not have to ‘twist his arm’ to get him to do what we ask. Do you remember Elijah and the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel (1 Kings 18:25-38)? The Baal prophets shouted and jumped. They became more and more out of control as they frantically tried to catch Baal’s attention – and nothing happened. In contrast, Elijah took time and care to rebuild God’s altar. He acted calmly and purposefully. He confidently spoke to God in rational terms. And God answered. As for driving out the devil – that is not really our work at all. Jesus has already done it (John 16:11b, 33)! God has won the victory over evil through Jesus’ death. We do not need to fight that battle again. The victory is won! He has dealt with the devil already. The devil cannot harm us when we stand with God. Use the name of Jesus, not by excited shouting but in confident faith. The devil likes to draw attention to himself and not to Jesus. The devil loves to hear us ‘sweeping him away’ by words and actions,

because that credits him with a higher place than he deserves. When we stand firm in Jesus, with a calm and strong faith, there is no place for the devil to interfere. We stand with our Almighty Father, with our ‘Chief of all Chiefs’. The devil is already beneath God’s feet, where he belongs (see Ephesians 1:20-22). God is in control. Shouting, arm-waving, clapping or jumping – and all the other things we might be tempted to do in prayer – become meaningless when we realise this. Like a child who keeps calling ‘Father! Father!’ even though his father is holding him in his arms, our forceful words and actions in prayer may make God sad. He wants us to trust him, to speak to him as to one who loves us deeply and then he wants us to live confidently, knowing that he holds everything in his hands. Afua Kuma, a Ghanaian Christian woman, prayed using familiar images of life in her village. She approached God with words natural to her experience – even speaking about the mamba snake – confidently assured that God hears and answers. We too, can pray out of our daily lives, as we approach our Heavenly Father.

Jesus: you are as solid as a rock! the green mamba dies at the sight of Jesus. iron rod that cannot be coiled into a head-pad; the cobra turns on his back, prostrate before you! Jesus, you are the elephant hunter, Fearless One! You have killed the evil spirit, and cut off its head! the drums of the king have announced it in the morning. all your attendants lead the way, dancing with joy. [Kuma, Afua 1981 Jesus of the Deep Forest. Accra: Asempa Publishers. page 7}

Lieut-Colonel Margaret Wickings INTERNATIONAL HEADQUARTERS

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a life of



he first camp for teenage girls in Spain, planned by LieutColonel Aida Castillo, took place on 4-10 July 2010 where 40 girls enjoyed four days with activities especially prepared for them. Guest leaders were Captains Marcelo and Ximena Delmastro, South America West Territory, who were in charge of the programme. Every day the girls learned something new. Each day began with a devotional led by one of the Spanish officers on staff and then Captain Marcelo Delmastro brought us a dynamic and fresh Bible study where the girls could share experiences and opinions in groups. Later Captain Ximena Delmastro taught the various purposes of the Junior Home League programme.

FELLOWSHIP – All the girls had to use their creativity and imagination to create a friendship card, which they later exchanged with each other. SERVICE – After putting on a headscarf everyone participated in the practical work of service to the camp by cleaning an area. EDUCATION – We learned the importance of taking care of the outside and inside of our life. After a mid-morning recharge with a small snack, there was a time for workshops. These included choral singing, dancing, crafts and theatre. The girls had opportunity to continue learning new things they could implement in their corps. They also discovered and developed their talents. After a full morning of activities they had free time in the afternoon, enjoying the swimming pool and also preparing for the evening programme. During the first evening programme, 14 Revive

Top left: Teen girls learning new skills; centre: enjoying ‘Sketch night’; bottom: studying God’s word

the campers enjoyed different versions of stories presented by the girls. Awards went to the girls from Palomeras Corps group with their presentation of Cinderella, the girls from Valdemoro Corps with another version of Cinderella, and the girls form Barcelona Corps with their presentation called A Different Story. The second night was an extremely happy time because it was Sketch Night. The Delmastro family performed two very funny sketches and the girls from Valdemoro, Palomers and Alicante Corps combined for a presentation of Waka Waka, the official anthem of the 2010 World Cup. The Barcelona girls also presented an entertaining version of the story of Jonah. During the final programme the girls presented all that they had learned during the week’s workshops. The programme for that night was called My Offering to God and included dance, drama and chorus. The best thing that happened in the camp was that all the girls took part in the different activities. In the final programme the camp staff recognised outstanding representatives of the four Junior Home League purposes. = Service: Camilla from Alicante Corps = Education: Daniela from Barcelona Corps = Worship: Magalis from Madrid Central Corps = Fellowship: Nuria from Valdemoro Corps. A recognition, called ‘Revelation’ was

given to the girls who made advances and developed skills and qualities in their life during the camp. Friday was set apart for the fourth Junior Home League purpose – worship. Several girls shared about their experiences of the camp. Captain Ximnena Delmastro brought the word of God in a clear manner. During the time of prayer many girls came to the Lord looking for a heart that pleases God. It was a very moving moment with so many girls renewing their commitment to God. As a result of the teenage girls camp it is planned to commence the Junior Home League programmed in six corps in Spain. There will be another camp for teen girls in 2011. We praise the Lord for these wonderful experiences

‘don’t let anyone put you down because you’re young; teach believers with your life; by word, by love, by demeanour, by faith, by integrity,’ 1 Timothy 4:12 The Message


my story



o doubt, many of us have often asked someone to ‘let’s get together for coffee and a chat’. And if we think about it there are probably many more women with whom we would love to share coffee and conversation. Maybe there are women we have admired from a distance because their love for the Lord radiates and they have rich experiences to share. We would love to hear what motivates them. Well, there is a way this can happen. We can schedule a time for our own enrichment. Heart2Heart on Ministry Matters is a podcast from IHQ offering just these kind of meaningful ‘chats’ to help grow us in faith. Please join us by going to the IHQ website ( Once there just scroll down the right side to Heart2Heart and click. The 2011 Heart2Heart season commences with a discussion with Major Anne Read (Anti-Trafficking Response Coordinator, UK Territory with Republic of Ireland). She graciously helps us understand issues surrounding anti-trafficking by giving practical helps for our personal, obedient involvement. Major Read is the daughter of officers who have served in the social services. From when she was a child Anne learned to have a heart for people who were often marginalised. Her training as a teacher taught her communication skills and her early years as a Salvation Army officer in large industrial cities in the north of England further shaped her life for her present appointment. A portion of the full transcript of the podcast follows:

Commissioner Sue: It’s amazing how God brings our appointments and uses everything not just for the present, but also for the future. How has he gifted you? Major Anne: I get involved with causes and with people. I love talking about things that mean a lot to me. even some of my experiences in teacher training have helped me in communication. Sue: Tell us how you came to this appointment Anne: When we knew we would be leaving our previous appointment I was considering whether I should speak to leadership – I wanted to have some role in the area of social justice. I thought and prayed but never had that conversation. When leadership talked to me about working in this area [anti-trafficking] I could have fallen off my chair! Sue: Well you did have this conversation with leadership – with the Lord! Anne: now I feel it incumbent on me to honour his trust in me in this appointment. Sue: Speak to us to me about anti-trafficking. What are the issues? Anne: All over the world today there are men, women and Revive 15

my story

children who are held in slavery, who have been trafficked – bought and sold into sometimes domestic servitude, sometimes labour exploitation but more often than not into the sex trade. Women are the largest number of victims. It’s a very lucrative trade. It’s happening in our cities, but also in our towns and even villages and it’s got to be stopped. Sue: What has contributed to this being such a dire issue? Anne: There are a number of factors why this is: the ease of crossing borders, people’s greed for easy money. You need no skill to traffic women into the sex trade. You need no qualifications – all you need to have is that greedy, evil spirit. And too, the prevalence of pornography opens people’s minds to possibilities that perhaps weren’t in their minds at one time. Sue: What about the Christian community – is there part of us in the Christian community that has our eyes closed? We don’t want to believe?


Anne: That could well be the case – even talking about the sex trade makes us feel uncomfortable. Talking about pornography is not the kind of conversation we have over coffee. Sue: What do you see as God’s priority for you now– how do you take this massive topic and say, ‘Lord what is the next thing you want me to do?’ Anne: I have opportunities to speak on home office committees. I meet with police, border agencies – I have a lot of opportunities to be an advocate. In my first year I have had a great deal to learn in areas I had no knowledge and understanding of immigration or the rights of the victims of trafficking. my challenge is to mobilise The Salvation Army to stop the trafficking. Sue: How? What are some ways we can do that? Anne: As individuals there are lots of things we can do. Sometimes we feel ‘this is too big for me’ – but there are lots of small things we can do. If you can afford to buy two coffees a week then you can afford to sponsor a little girl who could be the victim of trafficking if she doesn’t receive education and alleviation from the poverty she is living in. If we buy chocolate that doesn’t have a fair trade mark on it – there is a high chance that the cocoa bean has been harvested by a child who should be in education but is

instead working long hours with a machete in their hands harvesting the cocoa bean. We must think about how our children view women – ensuring that they grow up respecting women, even in their conversations. We need to be on our knees, really bringing before the Lord the victims of trafficking and asking for wisdom, how we as individuals, as corps, as communities can engage and actually do something that will make a difference. This is an evil trade – I think it goes to the heart of God’s pain for his people. If this is modern day slavery God wants his people to be set free. He calls us to respond to his heart for those who are held in slavery. I network with people from other countries. It is fantastic when I am sitting in groups at the Home office I can say, ‘I know somebody. If you need someone I can make a call to my counterpart in ... , it’s an extraordinary thing we can offer people.


refresh spiritual life


Columnist for2011


crying out

’m comforted by the fact that I am not alone in the habit of crying out to God, pleading with him – yes even begging more than once. It’s a familiar theme throughout the Scriptures, people like you and me coming before the Almighty and laying out their case. There is Moses, Job, Elijah and Habakkuk to name a few. In 2 Corinthians 12:8 we find Paul begging God for something he couldn’t work out for himself. We know that in Paul’s case the issue is what he described as a ‘thorn in the flesh’. There have been many debates about what exactly this represented for Paul but perhaps because Scripture does not specify the problem we are able to relate more to his begging. Yet his begging didn’t result in removal of the thorn, although that is not to say he didn’t get an answer. He did. But not the answer that a mindset focused on self live with them but he also takes pleasure in them. wants to hear. ‘WHY He says: ‘I am well content ... for when I am weak, Are you frustrated when you anticipate an answer DOESN’T then I am strong’ (2 Corinthians 12:10, New and it comes – just not the one you want? Standard). In the case of Paul God chose not to take away ‘the GOD COME American This is the paradox that leads from begging to thorn’ which Paul saw as his weakness. Of all people, THROUGH boasting. surely Paul could have got God’s attention and gained The world says that without human strength we what he wanted. But he didn’t. THE WAY WE are destined to fail and without personal courage And despite the negative answer Paul received he THINK HE we are bound to falter. However wonderful these stayed following God, moved on in his thinking and the qualities are they have the ability to push us to selfencounter is recorded for our edification. SHOULD sufficiency and away from God-dependency. On the journey between begging (v 8) and boasting WHEN WE God knows enough about our character to (v 9) Paul must have changed greatly in his mindset. A realise that if he always gives us what we beg for full stop at the end of verse eight and a new sentence BEG?’ our spiritual life and influence can become insipid doesn’t explain the great change in his heart. God did not want Paul’s life to be defined by the problem or the and have no power. We need to learn to lean more on his abundant process. A question to ask is: ‘What are we letting ourselves be provision of grace and less on our own strength. Let Paul have the last word then, as he boasts of the ‘surpassing defined by?’ Is it: = our hardships and difficulties – our areas of weakness? grace God has given .... thanks be to God for his indescribable gift’ = what the world says about us – the labels it gives us? (2 Corinthians 9:14,15). = or the grace God offers? Unless stated otherwise Scriptures are from New International Version. In 2 Corinthians 12:9 Paul says ‘I will boast more gladly about my weaknesses’. Did he do this so that: = people would feel sorry for him? = others would do for him what he really could do for himself? = he would operate in learned behaviours and remain the victim? No. Paul said he was glad ‘so that the power of Christ may work through me’ (New Living Translation). Paul then has not only accepted his weaknesses and learned to

to God

Revive 17


prayerhouse ‘ T H E Y A L L J O I N E D T O G E T H E R C O N S TA N T LY I N P R AY E R ’ ( A C T S 1 : 1 4 N I v )

2011 HigH CounCil

Left: Sunbury Court conference building Right: High Council chambers

The High Council meets to elect a new international leader of The Salvation Army in January 2011. Salvation Army leaders from across the world will meet to elect the next General. The High Council will meet at Sunbury Court near London, United Kingdom. much time will be spent praying for spiritual discernment, wisdom and understanding prior to the election process. Prayer is requested for the 109 members of the High Council as they seek God’s guidance in these important days. for the first time in its history the High Council will have more women members than men.

wORLD DAY OF PRAYER ‘How Many Loaves Have You? The 2011 World day of Prayer (WdP) theme is ‘How many loaves have you?’ Programme and worship resources were prepared by the women of Chile. It is based on two Bible narratives that speak of God’s provision of daily food. Both stories tell how God multiplies the resources we offer him. The artist for the embroidery illustrating the theme was norma Ulloa of Concepción. norma learned embroidery using flour bags and wool. She was encouraged to use her imagination rather than copying a pattern. Before starting her embroidery work on the WdP theme she took into account what life would have been like in Jesus’ time. The embroidery focuses on Christ’s praying and healing as well as God’s provision of bread.


18 Revive


Women from Chile prepared the World Day of Prayer resources used by WDP worship around the world. Pray for the women of Chile as they give of their strength and talents in family and community building.


The World Day of Prayer will touch millions around the world. Pray for women to respond to the Bible stories and offer their talents to God.


Pray for members of the High Council – that they will perceive the will of God, that there will be unity among them as they meet and that God’s grace will be evident in all proceedings.


Pray for the person who will be elected international leader of The Salvation Army, that he or she will granted wisdom, grace and health to lead the Army in the future.

Lieut-Colonel Lorraine Bamford SOUTH AMERICA WEST TERRITORY


he year 2010 has been a year that will forever be indelibly inscribed in the hearts and minds of every Chilean. It was a year that brought incredible lows and highs from the large earthquake and tsunami to the country’s bicentennial celebration and the miners’ rescue. Through these events the fortitude and perseverance of the people of Chile were strengthened. There was a new unity as citizens joined to celebrate victory and to support each other in loss. Nowhere was this unity more evident than in the actions of the women of The Salvation Army’s South America West Territory. At 3:34 am on 27 February their world was shaken by the 8.8 magnitude earthquake. Within hours a team of women from Valparaiso Corps travelled to Concepción, the city nearest to the epicentre. These dedicated women sprang into action, wielding shovels and wheelbarrows to assist. They served food and beverages to the victims and, most importantly, ministered in prayerful support to the families who had lost so much. A tsunami caused by the earthquake brought even more devastation to the already hard-hit area of Concepción. Little remains of the oncequaint fishing village of Dichato. The fierce waves of the tsunami swept away the small businesses and shops. Most of the residents who remained now live in government provided mediaguas or cabins.

spotlight on service

open arms Home League members from Concepción and Hualpencillo Corps have been actively ministering in small coastal towns. The women – in spite of losing their own homes – reached out to others, visiting with food, clothing, towels and blankets, even sometimes sleeping in the camps with the residents. As the relationship between the women and the families in Dichato grew closer, the Home League members saw how lonely and hurting the families were. The solution? Yarn! Each week, a group of women from the local corps travels to Dichato for the Club de Tejir (Knitting Club). The purpose is three-fold: diversion from an otherwise dreary day; acquisition of new skills for possible family income; muchneeded outlet for sharing and support. Meeting in the local plaza with a few women, no needles and little yarn, they taught each other how to knit using their fingers. The group has grown to 30-40 members. They now meet in a community centre and have purchased the needed knitting supplies. Many of the women in this group are wives of local fishermen,

From top: praying for comfort; practical service amid devastation; women learning to knit

whose income was swept away when the tsunami destroyed boats and nets. Some lost homes, some lost their livelihood, some lost both. One member owned six small rental properties in Dichato prior to the disaster. She was a business-woman of means who lost everything. She told me, ‘I left my house in my pajamas, with nothing else’. She was very depressed for weeks but has found a sense of peace through the Club de Tejir. She said, ‘I didn’t believe in God before this all happened. Now I believe’. The corps continues to offer support. There is a Bible Study and a weekly Sunday School for the children of the area. The Territorial Women’s Ministries Department sponsored a school supply campaign in which home leagues throughout Chile, Perú, Bolivia and Ecuador raised funds to provide notebooks, pens, paper, etc. to more than 300 children. Even in difficulty we see the hand of God. We salute these women of God who live Christ in their community. ‘She opens her arms to the poor and extends her hands to the needy. (Proverbs 31:20 NIV)


Revive 19


now people know



magine going to an important business meeting where paperwork is distributed as you enter the room. The chairperson asks everyone present to read the papers and indicates he will be asking for comments. You reach into your bag to get your glasses (you can’t read without them) only to discover they are not there. The room is silent as everyone reads the information they have just received. Feeling selfconscious you pretend that you are also reading. When the chairperson opens the meeting for discussion and asks people to indicate whether they are for or against the proposal you feel totally excluded and hope you won’t be asked for your opinion as you have not been able to come to any informed decision. Any conclusions you come to on the topic can only be based on what you have gleaned from the discussion. You leave the meeting feeling totally excluded from the decisions reached because you have not been able to take an active, informed part in the discussion.

20 Revive

Literacy, the ability to read, is something most people in the developed world take for granted. It wasn’t until October last year – when I met women who were attending literacy classes, run by The Salvation Army in rural villages in Tanzania and Malawi – that I realised how excluded and disempowered people who had never been able to access even a basic education felt. As I listened to what a difference being able to read was making in their lives, I


realised how vital it is that women can attend literacy classes so they can be actively included in village life and able to change the future for generations to come. Here are some examples women shared with me of the difference being able to read makes to their lives: = I can read street signs now and I can go to town by myself. = I can read my Bible. = I don’t have to ask what bus to catch as I can read where it is going. = I know how much change to give when I sell my produce; people used to trick me when they knew I didn’t know the value of money. = Now people know I can read they don’t make fun of me anymore. = People now treat me like an equal. = I can read and sign my name.


? w o n k u o Did y = one in four adults in the

developing world – 872 million people – is illiterate (oxfam UK – education now campaign) = more than 100 million children remain out of school (UnfPA) = 46 per cent of girls in the world’s poorest countries have no access to primary education (ActionAid) = more than one in four adults cannot read or write: two thirds of these are women (ActionAid) = Universal primary education would cost US $10 billion a year (ActionAid) = Young people who have = I am going to make sure my girl children

go to school so they can read. An elderly woman of 68 in Malawi attended our literacy classes last year, but unfortunately failed the government examination for certificate qualification. Life expectancy for women in Malawi is 52 years so she has outlived her peers by 16 years. The people in her community laughed at her, telling her she was too old. During a community conversation meeting she testified: ‘Although I am too old, God has done great things in my life. I am now able to read the Bible, something which I never dreamed could happen in my life. I can even read HIV/Aids messages, and for that I thank Almighty God.’ Literacy classes have empowered this elderly woman to be fully engaged in the life of her community. She can read facts

about HIV/Aids and can informatively guide younger people in her village. Although elderly, she can now be totally included in village life. Regardless of our gender and whether we live in a developed or developing country, as human beings we all have a basic need to feel we belong – to feel valued and included in the life of our family and community. The fact that literacy/education is a universal human need/right was recognised by the United Nations in 2000, resulting in the second Millennium Development Goal being to ‘achieve universal primary education’.

From an editorial in In Touch with the World the salvation army nZF, July 2010

completed primary education are less than half as likely to contract HIV as those missing their education. Universal primary education would prevent 700,000 cases of HIV each year – about 30 per cent of all new infections are in this age group (oxfam).


Revive 21



? g n i s i r e r u s s e r p wAT CH




hat is blood pressure and why is it less reliable. This means blood pressure not only important? increases but also becomes more variable. Treating Blood pressure is the pressure high blood pressure aims to keep the blood pressure produced in the blood vessels by the below 150/90, below 135/85 for those with extra risk heart pumping blood around the body. The measurement factors such as diabetes or heart disease. of blood pressure comprises two numbers – the higher Several lifestyle factors can affect blood pressure. number is the pressure when the heart is contracting to pump the Smoking, high alcohol intake, obesity and lack of exercise can all blood and the lower number is the pressure when the heart is contribute to high blood pressure. For this reason health authorities relaxing between contractions. A normal blood pressure is always advise people to address these issues. 120/80mm Hg. Many people need to take medication to control their blood If the blood pressure is too low then the blood is not pressure. There is a large variety of medications and people pumping to all areas, especially to the head, respond differently to the various types. There which is the highest point on standing and so ‘LIFESTYLE FACTORS are some clues as to which would be best for an requires the highest pressure. When this individual but sometimes it is a case of trial and CAN AFFECT happens it can be the cause of lighterror until the correct medicine is found for a headedness and fainting. It may be normal for BLOOD PRESSURE’ person. The dosage may need to be increased as some to have blood pressures lower than our bodies age. 120/80 as long as it doesn’t cause a problem. Low blood Once blood pressure medication has been started it usually pressure does not cause damage, unlike high blood pressure. needs to be continued as a lifelong treatment. If it is stopped the If the blood pressure remains high for a long time it causes blood pressure can return to its previous high level. If medication damage to the blood vessels, which are then not able to carry the is stopped suddenly the resulting increase can occur rapidly and blood effectively. This can happen to all blood vessels but some cause serious damage, so it organs in the body are more sensitive to the lack of adequate is important never to stop It is important to have blood supply, especially the brain, eyes, kidneys, heart and feet. medication suddenly. your blood pressure Because of this, untreated high blood pressure results in a much checked regularly higher risk of heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, blindness and peripheral vascular disease. We become aware of our blood pressure when it is either too low or extremely high. If it is moderately raised we usually remain unaware of this. This moderate elevation of blood pressure is often known as a ‘silent killer’ as we do not recognise the problem until we experience the complications of a heart attack or stroke. Because of this it is recommended that people be screened for high blood pressure from the age of 40 years old. Blood pressure tends to rise with age as deposits of cholesterol make the blood vessels less flexible. In addition, the control system for blood pressure, located in the brain, becomes 22 Revive

Address any lifestyle iss ues mentioned above with the help of your medical personnel. develop good practice in caring for your health as you age

Major (Dr) Eirwen Pallant is International Health Services Coordinator at IHQ. Her IHQ appointment sees her working three days a week at IHQ and two days practicing in the community as a GP (family doctor).

Major Eirwen Pallant

MARCH 2011


4 MARCH 2011

the 55th un COMMissiOn On

How many Loaves Have you?

The status of Women

11th International Wesleyan/Holiness Women Clergy Conference





How many Loaves Have you? CHILE


Prayer is both journey and destination, yearning and fulfilment. Its mysteries are deep enough to keep us seeking for a lifetime the closer company of God. MARLENE CHASE

Prayer is the burden of a sigh, The falling of a tear, The upward glancing of an eye When none but God is near.

Drop thy still dews of quietness Till all our strivings cease; Take from our souls the strain and stress, And let our ordered lives confess The beauty of thy peace.



SATURDAY 22 JANUARY 2011 | 4pm


AdMISSIon by TICkeT onLy: Tickets are available free of charge (foC) from: SpeCIAL evenTS, 101 newington Causeway, London Se1 6bn. Please apply with a SAe. for further information please contact SpeCIAL evenTS on 020 7367 4860. International callers: +44 20 7367 4860


Revive 23

Revive (January 2011)  

The Salvation Army's international women's magazine, equipping women in ministry and mission

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