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Sally Jamal Al-Badry 2019

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EDUCATIO EDUCATION Sept., 2015 – Feb., 2017 Architectural Association School of Architecture - AA London, United Kingdom Master of Architecture (M.Arch.) - Emergent Technologies and Design Sept. 2009 – July, 2014 German Jordanian University - GJU Amman, Jordan Bachelor of Architecture (B.Sc.) - School of Architecture and Built Environment GPA: 81,90 % Sept., 2012 – Mar., 2013 University of Applied Sciences Düsseldorf - FHD Düsseldorf, Germany International Student Exchange Program - School of Architecture EXPERIE

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EXPERIENCE

Jan., 2019 – April., 2019 Kengo Kuma & Associates Tokyo, Japan Architecture Graduate Internship July, 2017 – Dec., 2018 Lindner Architekten KG Düsseldorf, Germany Architect July, 2014 – July, 2015 Power Engineering World - PEW Amman, Jordan Architect

Sally Jamal Al-Badry E-mail: albadry.sally@gmail.com Tel. : 0049 1577 9188 888

Mar., 2013 – Aug., 2013 Lindner Architekten KG Düsseldorf, Germany Architecture Internship Aug., 2013 - Sept., 2015 Danube Group Baghdad, Iraq Manager

>>> COMPETITIONS Nov., 2018 School in The Marshes Marshes, Iraq Dewan Award- Top 20 Sep., 2017 Rebuilding Iraq’s Liberated Areas: Mosul’s Housing Competition Mousl, Iraq Tammayouz Excellence Award - Honourable mention - Triplicity Architects Nov., 2017 Maysan Housing Units (National competition) Maysan, Iraq Third Prize - Triplicity Architects Aug. , 2015 Civil Defence Officers Club. Aqaba, Jordan First Prize - Seyam Architects 2


CRTIFICA CONFERENCE T

Nov, 2016 The eighth International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer London, United Kingdom Aided Architectural Design ASCAAD Re-inhabiting the Mesopotamian Marshlands.

CERTIFICATES & WORKSHOPS 2013 - 2014 Certificate of Excellence Amman, Jordan By HRH Princess Muna Al-Hussein For the excellent performance during the internship in Germany Jan., 2015 Autodesk Revit Architecture (Advance course certificate) Amman, Jordan Revit advance course Apr., 2015 AIA workshop Amman, Jordan Design, Environment & Material. July, 2015 AA Visiting School Jordan Workshop Amman, Jordan Dead Sea, Crystaline Formations.

DIGITAL SKILLS

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Rhinoceros 3D Grasshopper - Octopus - Ladybug - Karamba Archicad Autodesk AutoCAD Autodesk Revit Architecture Adobe Photoshop Adobe InDesign Adobe Illustrator Sketchup Lumion Rendering Engine

LANGUAGES Arabic English German

Native Language Full professional proficiency Professional working proficiency

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S.AL-BADRY, REINHABITING THE MARSHLANDS OF MESOPOTAMIA

REINHABITING THE MARSHLANDS OF MESOPOTAMIA A Model for Integrating Natural Resources and Human Settlements in Wetland Environments 4


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.0

M.ARCH DISSERTATION PROJECT

1.1 Re-Inhabiting the Mesopotamian Marshland..................................................................................................10 1.2 Design Strategies...........................................................................................................................................................11 1.3 Spatial Performance.....................................................................................................................................................12 1.4 Design Explorations......................................................................................................................................................14

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MATERIAL SYSTEMS

2.1 The Lobster Shell...........................................................................................................................................................20 2.2 Design and Build - Membrane +.............................................................................................................................22 2.3 Design and Build - Deployable Structure .........................................................................................................24

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BUILDINGS

3.1 War and Architecture..................................................................................................................................................28 3.2 Tower of Baghdad ........................................................................................................................................................30 3.3 Civil Defense club ........................................................................................................................................................36 3.4 Friedrichstor . ...............................................................................................................................................................40

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CITY SYSTEMS

4.1 East Manchester.............................................................................................................................................................44 4.3 Salt Crystallisation.......................................................................................................................................................48 4.4 Rebuilding Iraq’s Liberated Areas: Mosul’s Housing Competition....................................................... 52 5


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.0

M.ARCH DISSERTATION PROJECT

1.1 Re-Inhabiting the Mesopotamian Marshland..................................................................................................10 1.2 Design Strategies...........................................................................................................................................................11 1.3 Spatial Performance.....................................................................................................................................................12 1.4 Design Explorations......................................................................................................................................................14

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Material testing and digital simulations were conducted to understand the material properties of reed as a construction material. A series of strategies were proposed for building structure, envelope and spatial configuration. The combination of these strategies suggests the possibility of generating large and small buildings that address specific programmatic requirements and are responsive to the climate of the marshes.

Euphrates River

Hammar Marsh Al Chibayish Al Mdaina

1. Regional Scale

1- Regional Scale: Marshland

2- Local Scale: Islands clusters

2. Local Scale

7.2 Mudhif

the used building material. The Mudhif or the guest house is a sample of elastically formed arch and shell structures. The empiric development of construction methods based on the elasticity of their building materials predominately resulted in similar structures. The Mudhif cane huts in Ma’dan (South Iraq) are permanent structures using reed bundles that are first vertically fixed into bucket foundations and later connected at the top to form elastically bent arches.

3- Building Scale: Material System

149 7.2.2 Mudhif Building Process

Mandilawi, Asma Sulaiman Hasan. Effect of Daylight Application on the Thermal Performa Iraqi Traditional Vernacula Residential Buildings.,2012

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As a structural principle, active bending is not a new concept. Already existed in primal nomadic cultures, elastic bending was used to create small living environments out of lightweight and elastic materials. Bending-active structures are often designed by following either a behaviour-based, geometrybased, or integrated approach. The Mesopotamian Mudhiffs are referred to the first category which is traditional, intuitive use of bending during the construction process and relies only on hands-on experience regarding the deformation behaviour of

3. Architectural Scale

the used building material. The Mudhif or the guest house is a sample of elastically formed arch and shell structures. The empiric development of construction methods based on the elasticity of their building materials predominately resulted in similar structures. The Mudhif cane huts in Ma’dan (South Iraq) are permanent structures using reed bundles that are first vertically fixed into bucket foundations and later connected at the top to form elastically bent arches.

149

Al Qurna

MArch. Phase Book2

often designed by ased, geometryThe Mesopotamian st category which ending during the only on hands-on mation behaviour of

Central Marsh

MSC. Phase Book1

This work examines the potential for re-inhabiting the marshlands of Mesopotamia with the aim of integrating productive economic activity with social functions and ecological processes. The project looks at the present social, economic and ecological challenges of the region and suggests a set of strategies to be implemented at multiple scales in order to address these challenges.

ss

e bending is not a n primal nomadic sed to create small htweight and elastic

Al Khas

1.1 Re-Inhabiting the Mesopotamian Marshland - Academic - The Architectural Association - EmTech Location: Southern Iraq. The Mesopotamian Marshlands form one of the first landscapes where humans started to transform native ecosystems in the service of long term human settlement. Moreover, the Mesopotamian Marshlands located in one of the hottest and most arid places of the world, forming a unique wetland ecosystem which apart from millions of people, sustained a very large number of wildlife and endemic species. Today, this region continues to operate as a productive landscape that can be used to serve different aspects of human life.

ver Tigris Ri

1.0 M.ARCH DISSERTATION PROJECT


1.2 Design Strategies The main aim is to propose a form-active system using reed bundle which integrates different functions and provides larger spans. In order to develop the structural system and enhance the current building technique, three main design principles were developed. The first principle of the system builds upon the current bundling and bending technique which allows creating an 9.3 Architectural Strategies arch element.

9.3 Architectural Strategies 9.3 Architectural Strategies

Arch System

3 Architectural Strategies

summer winter

Arch System

Front Exposure

The second design principle is branching. Because the 9.3.2 System Expansion bundles are made out of multiple reeds, it can be branched Arch System Surface Active 1 Architectural Strategies System base unit which constructed at some point and the arch can spanThe and start toiscreate a from 9.3.2 connecting twoExpansion main arches provides a side and can be designed to create different degrees of System wing the three main design principles surface. frontofexposure can be blocked and open to porosity and determine the desired amount tioned in the previous page, the system 9.3.2 System which Expansion

be developed to create other non-structural tectural devices.

s climate is defined by extreme high peratures and shortage of rain; this makes Surface Active h of Iraq’s territory a desert. During summer System perature can rise above 40 degrees Celsius. ating in this climate demands a set of tectural strategies to shade the interior the sun. In this weather the envelop of the Surface ing shouldWoven be design to be porous rather than d, dark rather than light and thin rather than . As the building must allow hot air to escape nterior and keep it cool.

Surface Active

Systemthe two structural spandrel area between elements can also be covered using the same material. This area performs as a ventilation ce to allow the wind in and out of the Woven Surface ing. Different weaving patterns and densities

wind that can pass through the building. allow for light and wind to come into the building.

The base unit which is constructed from

two main arches provides a side and The main function of the spandrel areasconnecting is to The base whichisistypically constructed front unit exposure usedfrom for the main allow the wind in and out and providesfront cross exposure which can be blocked and open to connecting two arches sidebe and entrances to themain building, thisprovides openingacan ventilations. Buildings that are: Narrow,allow placedfor in light and wind to come into the building. front exposure which can be blocked openThe to covered by a mesh surface made out and of reeds. exposed sites, perpendicular to the prevailing wind, allow for light can andbe wind tofor come into theentrances building. side exposure used secondary free from internal barriers to air flow and provided Thetake front exposure is typically used for the main with a regular distribution of openings can or windows. entrances to the building, this opening can be advantage of cross ventilation. The front exposure is typically used for the main covered by a mesh surface made out of reeds. The entrances thisby opening can be Two units to canthe bebuilding, aggregated connecting the

Similarly, a shading device can be developed using side exposure can be used for secondary entrances covered by a mesh surface madethe outsystem of reeds.toThe main arches allowing the same material and the same bundling andstructural or windows. exposure can be used for secondary entrances bending technique to cover the interior side during windows. hot summers and allow some light andor solar heat Two units can be aggregated by connecting the gaining during winter.

main structural arches allowing the system to Two units can be aggregated by connecting the

Building orientation and dimensions for shading

main structural arches allowing the system to devices candesign be extracted principle from digital models The third considered is weaving. By taking which can be used to inform the design of the buildings. two arch elements and connecting them, the structure transitions from an arch system to surface-active system forming a type of grid-shell.

Front Exposure Front Exposure

grow in an axial direction. As the system grows the number of side arches increases providing the opportunity for using them as entrances or windows. These openings are protected from the grow in an axial direction. As the system grows sun by the shading devices. the number of side arches increases providing grow in an axial direction. As the system grows the opportunity for using them as entrances or the number of side arches increases providing However as the system grows, the height of the windows. These openings are protected from the the opportunity for using as entrances or to arches can be changed at them the connection point sun by the shading devices. windows. These openings are skylight protectedcan from generate skylight device. The be the used sun by the shading devices. to allow indirect light to come from the top of However as the system grows, the height of the the building. The skylight can also be used as an arches can be changed at the connection point to However the in system the height of need the outlet for as wind areas grows, of the building that generate skylight device. The skylight can be used arches can bedown. changed at the connection point to to be cooled to allow indirect light to come from the top of generate skylight device. The skylight can be used the building. The skylight can also be used as an to allow indirect light to come from the top of outlet for wind in areas of the building that need the building. The skylight can also be used as an to be cooled down. outlet for wind in areas of the building that need to be cooled down.

Side Exposure

Side Exposure Side Exposure

weaving pattern

+ + + SKYLIGHT

- -- SKYLIGHT

++ +

SKYLIGHT

Woven Surface

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- -- Cross-Ventialation

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2. Space 2.Variation Space Variation 2. Space Variation 2. Space Variation Space Variations:

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9.5 Design Experiments

1.0 M.ARCH DISSERTATION PROJECT

Experiments

Open St

1.4 Design Explorations

Courtyard

Meshed Surface

The combination of multiple units allows for more complex geometries to be generated. The design illustrated in the 9.5.2 Initial Design Exploration following pages shows an example of a building generated from eight plan curves. Four of these curves are kept straight ploration while The combination of multiple units allows forto branchroom the other four change direction theconnects space the smaller private spaces and more complex geometries be generated. shaded by a dense meshed surface. To the into four smaller spacestoand create anTheinterior iscourtyard. design in the following pages shows south, two common rooms are connected through tiple units allows for illustrated room connects the smaller privatefour spaces and semiThe result ofofthis combination produces small an example aisbuilding generated from eight the circulation space around the courtyard. Transitional es to be generated. The shaded by a dense meshed surface. To the detached spaces, common areas with longer spans courtyard and Space plan curves. Four ofthree these curves are kept straight The interior reduces the width of following pages shows south, two common rooms are connected through while the other fourcirculation change direction to branch the building and provides the opportunity to interior courtyard space. g generated an from eight the space around the courtyard.

Open Structure

Courtyard

Meshed Surface

Shading Device

North North

Transitional Space

thestraight space into four spaces and createthe anwidth of introduce vents so that wind flows through these se curves are kept The smaller interior courtyard reduces nge direction tointerior branchcourtyard. the The building and the opportunitylarger to result of provides this combination spaces cooling the building down. The two ler spaces and produces create an four small introduce vents so that wind flows these rooms at the ends are left with a semi semi-detached spaces, three through common esult of this combination spacesspans coolingand thean building two common areas larger with longer interiordown. The open structure allowing some indirect light to mi-detached spaces, three space.common roomsisatoriented the endsN-S are left with acome semi into these public areas of the building while courtyard The building ger spans and an interior open located structure allowing indirect light with private spaces towards thesome north thetoside windows on the south side are covered lding is oriented N-S into theseofpublic areasand of the while side minimizingcome the number windows thebuilding with shading devices. ted towards theamount north of exposed the side windows the A south side are covered surface to theonsun. common mber of windows and the with shading devices. ace to the sun. A common

1

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Transitional spaces can be created by connecting side arches.

A

Transitional spaces can be created by connecting side arches. that need to be Areas

covered from the sun can be blocked by covering them with a dense Areas that need to be covered meshed surface from the sun can be blocked

110 SQM

110 SQM

by covering them with a dense meshed surface

ments

e

South

Lines that defines the plan Lines defines apart the planto create can bethatpulled can be pulled apart to create interior courtyard interior courtyard space.space. The structure can be left open The structure cantobeallow left openlight and intentionally intentionally to allow light and wind tocome come intobuilding the building wind to into the

14 Courtyard Meshed Surface

Courtyard Open Structure

Meshed Surface

Open Structure

Courtyard Meshed Surface

Courtyard Open Structure

215


Design 1.4 Experiments 9.5 Design Experiments Design Explorations - Sections A

2

1

3

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2 40 SQM

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Section 1-1: A series of rooms can be created by dividing a space into multiple independent arches.

1

Section 1-1 A series of created by d multiple ind

Section 1-1: A series of rooms can be created by dividing a space into multiple independent arches.

C

B

A

1

Section 1-1

Section 1-1

Double Height Space

Double Height SpaceInterior Courtyard

Section 1-1

Interior Courtyard

Section 2-2: In other areas the envelop merges creating spaces with larger spans or is pulled apart to create an interior courtyard.

Section 2-2 In other are merges cre larger span to create an

Section 3-3: Within one building a series of large and small spaces and transitional areas are created Section 3-3:which act as private and rooms. Within one common building a series

Section 3-3 Within one of large and transitional which act a common ro

Section 2-2: In other areas the envelop merges creating spaces with larger spans or is pulled apart to create an interior courtyard.

C

B

A

2

3

B

B

B B Divided Spaces for IndividualDivided Use 110 Spaces for Individual Use C.0 110 SQM SQM

C.0 2

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1 100 SQM

A

B

Section 2-2

Section 2-2

Individual Space

Individual Large Connected Space Space

Section 2-2

Large Connected Space

of large and small spaces and transitional areas are created which act as private and common rooms.

C

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A

Section 3-3

Section 3-3

Section 3-3

15 217


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2

.0

MATERIAL SYSTEMS

2.1 The Lobster Shell...........................................................................................................................................................18 2.2 Design and Build - Membrane +.............................................................................................................................20 2.3 Design and Build - Deployable Structure .........................................................................................................22

18


19


LIQUID LATEX + PIANO WIRE

LIQUID LATEX + PIANO WIRE 2.0 MATERIAL EXPERIMENTATION 2.0 MATERIAL EXPERIMENTATION

LIQUID LATEX + PLASTIC MESHMESH LATEX LIQUID SHEET LATEX + PIANO ++PIANO WIRES WIRE LATEX LIQUID SHEET LATEX + PO LIQUID LATEX + PLASTIC LATEX LIQUID SHEET LATEX PIANO + PIANO WIRES WIRE LATEX LIQUID SHEET LA 1. LIQUID LATEX + PLASTIC MESHMESH 1. LIQUID LATEX + PLASTIC

2. LIQUID LATEX + PIANO WIRES 2. LIQUID LATEX + PIANO WIRES

2.1 2.1 INITIAL MATERIAL INITIAL MATERIAL EXPLORATION EXPLORATION

2.0 MATERIAL SYSTEMS

PRINCIPLES FROM BIOLOGICAL MODEL LOBSTER SHELL | FIBER PLANES

2.1 The Lobster Shell

Academic - The Architectural Association - EmTech

Several material experiments were were Several material experiments purpose of the purpose of understanding the relationship between understanding the relationship between 1 2 material behaviour and geometry. As As material behaviour and geometry. a base membrane rubber-latex was was a base membrane rubber-latex selected for itsfor capacity to store elasticelastic selected its capacity to store energyenergy when when streched. This This base base streched. membrane wouldwould be pre-streched or or membrane be pre-streched post-streched to induce deformation post-streched to induce deformation according to theto design of theof patterns. according the design the patterns.

1.0 BIOLOGICAL MODEL conducted with with the conducted

This work focuses on the study of the exoskeleton of the American Lobster which is a continuous yet differentiated 4.0 MATERIAL SYSTEM surface that serves multiple functions. In 4.1 the lobster Local Parameters exoskeleton different regions of the shell have different The results attained in previous degrees of stiffness responding to specific experiments mechanical on material testing provided us with a basic understanding and functional requirements. on the interplay between material

3

LOCAL PARAMETERS

diagram [Fig 1] the two sets are 1 2 3 represented letters setfabrication [A,B,C,...] For the fabrication of the For physical thewithphysical of the UNI-DIRECTIONAL ROTATION and [0,1,2,3,...]. The horizontal setMULTIDIRECTIONAL patterns several materials were explored patterns several materials were explored of fibers locally change direction and A to evaluate the posibilities offered by evaluate B are to arranged in thethe formposibilities of a periodic offered by behavior and geometry. Material their properties. The materials used for their The materials used for C curve withproperties. parametric control over properties such as thickness (crossD experiment were: metalmetal piano wires,wires, 4.0 MATERIAL SYSTEM sectional area) and elasticity (amount thiscurve this experiment were: frequency and amplitude. Thepiano plastic polyproperlene and plastic vertical set of fibers aresheets kept parallel of stretching) were evaluated against plastic polyproperlene sheets and plastic geometric operations in the design to mesh. each and uni-directional 4.1 Local Parameters mesh. Latexother was used both liquid and and Latex was used in both in liquid LOCAL PARAMETERS LOCAL PARAMETERS while changing density and of patterns. Based on these results solid form which allowed usinterval to us testtothe solid forminwhich allowed test the distribution. This fiber arrangement we began to establish relations 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 diagram [Fig 1] the two setspossibility are The results attained in previous of embedding the into possibility of embedding the fibers into 1 fibers 2 3 4 5 1 2 between represented material thickness provides the opportunity to establish with lettersand set [A,B,C,...] experiments on material testing theanlatex applyng them togrow thetoin latex the or latex or applyng the as latex as additive system that canthem pattern orientation whichThe allowed and [0,1,2,3,...]. horizontal set provided us with a basic understanding A a secondary layer.and A secondary layer. twoa directions create gradual us to develop a strategy to control on the interplay between material of fibers locally change direction and B A B A B transitions CURVATURE from single the design in form a more B directional are parameters arranged in the of a periodic behavior and geometry. Material C FORCE ISOTROPY C C to multidirectional material intentionalcurve way. with parametricDIRECTION control over properties such as thickness (crossBENDING D DISTRIBUTED LOADS D C 4.0 MATERIAL SYSTEM D D configurations. curve frequency and amplitude. The sectional area) and elasticity (amount Based on vertical the organization principles of stretching) were evaluated against set of fibers are kept parallel 4.1 Local Parameters abstractedto each from other the and lobster uni-directional geometric operations in the design LOCAL PARAMETERS LOCAL PARAMETERS LOCAL PARAMETERS exoskeleton, thechanging design in is density organized while and interval of patterns. Based on these results diagram 1] therelations twoin sets aredistribution. The results attained in previouswe began 10 This a hierarchical order starting fiberfrom to [Fig establish 11 2 22 3 33 4 44 5 55 11 322 433 445 56 5 1arrangement 1 11 2 22 3 33 4 44 5 55 1 2 letters set [A,B,C,...] experiments on material testingbetweenrepresented setting local relations between the provides the opportunity to establish material with thickness and [0,1,2,3,...]. The horizontal set provided us with a basic understandingpattern and Sally Al-Badry, Yorgos Berdos, Katya Bryskina, Cesar Cheng smallest sub-units in the system. an additive system that can grow in orientation which allowed on the interplay between materialus to develop of fibersalocally change direction andtwo directions andA Acreate A AA A AA A 14 gradual strategy to control 14 B BB B BB B BB are arranged in theinform ofAt a periodic behavior and geometry. Materialthe design a localtransitions scale, thefrom smallest sub-directional single parameters a more C CC C CC C CC curve with parametric control over properties such as thickness (cross-intentional units in the consist of D two way. to system multidirectional DDsets material D DD D DD curve frequency and amplitude. Theconfigurations. sectional area) and elasticity (amount of fibers (curves) initially oriented of stretching) were evaluated againstBased on vertical set of fibersprinciples are kept parallel perpendicular to each other. In the the organization DEFORMATIONS to each otherthe andLOCAL uni-directional geometric operations in the designabstracted 4.2REGIONAL REGIONAL MODEL PARAMETERS from lobster LOCAL while the changing and PARAMETERS interval of patterns. Based on these resultsexoskeleton, designin isdensity organized distribution. This fiber arrangement we began to establish relationsin a hierarchical 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 order starting from DEFORMATIONS 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 MODEL 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 4.2REGIONAL REGIONAL the opportunity between material thickness andsetting provides 28 establish local relations between to the additiveinsystem that can grow in pattern orientation which allowedsmallestan sub-units the system. Element 1: Strength, Frame, Connector A A two directions and AAcreate gradual us to develop a strategy to control AB AB B B B transitions from single directional the design parameters in a moreAt a local B scale, the smallest C C C subCD CD CD intentional way. multidirectional Element 1: Strength, Frame, Connector units into the system consist of D two setsmaterial D D configurations. of fibers (curves) initially oriented Based on the organization principlesperpendicular to each other. In the abstracted from the LOCAL lobster PARAMETERS exoskeleton, the design is organized in a hierarchical order starting from 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2Element 3 4 52: Stiffening, 6 7 8 9Surface 10 11 articulation setting local relations between the 28 smallest sub-units in the system.

This project aims at understanding and translating design principles from the biological model of the lobster shell into a design approach that supports the integration of material, form and performace. This project also seeks to use this approach to produce a variable-stiffness system with the possibility of architectural applications.

A

B At a local scale, the smallest subC units in the system consist of D two sets of fibers (curves) initially oriented perpendicular to each other. In the

Emergent Technologies & Design Biomimetics Documentation Lobster Shell | 2016

A B C D

A B C D

Element 2: Stiffening, Surface articulation

Element 3: Flexibility, Folding

Element 3: Flexibility, Folding

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STRENGHT

667

1

5

2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4

6 5

6

7

8 9 10 11 7 8 9 10 11

A B A B C D C D

778 98810 99 11 10 1011 11

As part of the material research exploration, rubber-latex was selected for its elastic properties and its capacity to store force when streched. The idea was to use latex as a base membrane onto which 2D patterns would be applied in order to produce deformation due to pattern deisgn and material orientation.


GLOBAL AGGREGATION

3 1 2

CONNECTION BETWEEN PANELS

3 3 4

5 5 6

1

7

FLEXIBLE AREA

5 8 9

3 10 11

3 12 13

DENSITY

STIFFNESS UNDULATION

DENSITY

21


2.0 MATERIAL SYSTEMS PHYSICAL EXPERIMENTS

2.2 Design and Build - Membrane + Academic - The Architectural Association - EmTech XPERIMENTS

240mm

PHYSICAL First Experiments

EXPERIMENTS 40mm Latex: 0.8mm Plywood: 3mm

240mm 40mm

Analyse the achieved curvature of Stretch: 300mm = 75% This project is a continuation of the development of a diverse stretch m 240mm 240mm 240mm 240mm material system which was started during a biomimetic 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm XPERIMENTS 40mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm 0mm Latex: 0.8mm it explores the role of40mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm project; “active fabrication”, where a Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm Stretch: 300mm = 75% latex and plywood composite material system’s performance Stretch: 300mm = 75% Stretch: 500mm = 125% Stretch: 500mm = 175% arises during the process of making. This morphogenetic PHYSICAL EXPERIMENTS m 240mm 240mm 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm act is conceived as a 400mm responsive influence between material, 400mm 400mm 400mm 0mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm geometry and assembly process. Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm 240mm 240mm 240mm Stretch: 300mm = 75% Stretch: 500mm = 125% Stretch: 500mm = 175% PHYSICAL EXPERIMENTS 40mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm First Experiments 58mm 88mm Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm This work also seeks to ofestablish a Stretch: reciprocal approach Analyse the achieved curvature 300mm = 75% Stretch: 500mm = 125% Stretch: 500mm = 175% 385mm 370mm stretch 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm todiverse design where fabrication, material arrangement, and 240mm 240mm 240mm behavior are an400mm integral part of the design process. Under 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm 40mm Latex: 0.8mm 58mm 88mm Plywood: 3mm are thought of Plywood: 3mm Plywood: 3mm this approach, material, structure, and form Stretch: 300mm = 75% Stretch: 500mm = 125% Stretch: 500mm = 175% 385mm 370mm in parallel and the resulting88mm geometries follow the intrinsic m 98mm behavioral logics of the material. Thus, the design is the 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm 400mm 370mm 340mm result of the collusion between the creation of the designer and the self-autonomous agency of the material. This work m 88mm 98mm 98mm presents some first steps in58mm the development of a material 88mm system that combines stretchable membranes with 2D 370mm 340mm 385mm 370mm 340mm patterns on sheet materials, which when combined result in Digital Experiments We could control the relation stretch/ 88mm 98mm the description of complex58mm 3-Dimensional geometries. 385mm

370mm

curvature with Strand Software and movement simulations

340mm

240mm Latex: 0.8mm

40mm

Plywood: 3mm Stretch: 500mm = 125%

Latex: 0.8mm Plywood: 3mm Stretch: 500mm = 175%

240mm Latex: 0.8mm

400mm

400mm

40mm

Plywood: 3mm Stretch: 500mm = 125%

Latex: 0.8mm Plywood: 3mm Stretch: 500mm = 175%

400mm

400mm

98mm 340mm

98mm 340mm

Checking Deformation Hooke Park Fabrication

AA

Do

Checking Deformation

Hooke Park Fabri

Digital Experiments We could control the relation stretch/ curvature with Strand Software and movement simulations

2216

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23


2.0 MATERIAL SYSTEMS 2.3 Design and Build - Deployable Structure Academic - The Architectural Association - EmTech Building on the knowledge acquired during the biomimetic seminar and research of the composite material system, the 2014/2015 EmTech students were required to propose a design to be built as a composite structure, integrating a membrane with a linear or sheet material. This material system research aims to design a deployable structure that can significantly change size, shape and provide a single curvature system.

force from febric force from spring gravity

FORCE REATION This scissor-like deployable material system is an articulated structure wherein rigid members contain sliding contact joints to deploy then locked in the desired position. However, this structure is taking the advantage of the contraction force caused by both the spring in the system and the stretch fabric. However, this system can be aggregated and further developed to design a canopy or shading system.

Cluster MODULE EXPLORATION | Curved component

Cluster aggregation MODULE EXPLORATION | Curved component MODULE EXPLORATION | Curved component

Cluster aggregation MODULE EXPLORATION | Curved component

24

Cluster aggregation

AGGREGATION


A

B

C

D

25


3

.0

BUILDINGS

3.1 War and Architecture..................................................................................................................................................26 3.2 Tower of Baghdad ........................................................................................................................................................28 3.3 Civil Defense club ........................................................................................................................................................34 3.4 Friedrichstor . ...............................................................................................................................................................38

26


27


SECTION SCENARIOS OF EMERGENT PATTERN Roof Terrace Scenario

3.0 BUILDINGS

Shop Display Scenario extroverted buidling

3.1 War and Architecture Professional - Triplicity Architects

Location: Iraq, Baghdad The attack on buildings and cities has always been an inevitable part of conducting hostilities. This damage starts from the scale of the person as a target himself and then its effect soon ripple to the scale of the building, the city, the community,Hadi the country and the continent. Mall

Introverted Frames in building scenario Introverted Frames in

Hadi Mall

Terrace Scena

building scenario

The main purpose of a terrorist attack against architecture is the destruction of the cultural identity of a community or a nation as means of dominating, terrorizing, dividing or eradicating it all together. Following the deadly attack, the community of Karada gradually began lifting condolence banners announcing the death of their beloved ones. The result was an emerging layer of black banners covering the remnant of the old destroyed building reinforcing the presence of the spirit of those brave mortars. Our proposed emergent pattern is inspired by the same condolence banners. Like the black banners, the emergent pattern shall stand strong as an envelope for the existing remnant of the buildings. On the other hand, it will also appear like a light structure reflecting the spirit of the mortars. The result will generate an agile and floating space between the Emergent and Remnant layers. The space aims to take the user to a different dimension and tell a story of what LAITH CENTER happened inLaith the past.Center

SECTION SCENARIOS OF EMERGENT P Terrace Scenario Introverted Frames in building scenario

Human Interaction with Users’ Interaction with the frames Roof Terrace of Scenario the memory place

SECTION SCENARIOS OF EMERGENT PATTERN Roof Terrace Scenario Shop Display Scenario

Roof Terrace Scenarios extroverted buidling

Laith Center

28

Shop Display Scenario - extroverted buidling 14

Mayoralty of Baghdad

Karada Master Plan and Architecture Proposal

tripliCITY Architects

Terrace Scenar Introverted Frames in


O LAITH CENTER

HADI MALL

29


3.0 BUILDINGS 3.2 Tower of Baghdad

Academic - German Jordanian University Location: Baghdad, Iraq The site is located in a distinctive island in Tigris River in Baghdad, Iraq. This project aims for a contemporary approach to the used material and technology to make a change in the skyline of Baghdad. It also become a symbol and a sign of a new architectural age of the city which has been passing through critical and hard times since 2003. The design allows the surrounding of the tower area to be transformed into a public realm area where people are gathered from both sides of Baghdad. The building is wrapped in canvas with a defined pattern that is influenced by the cuneiform ancient Mesopotamian letters.

Platforms

Site Plan Masses

On the other hand, the design utilizes a dual access strategy, enhanced by its strategic position on the island which can be accessed by boats from the Tigris River. This provides a memorable processional experience when approaching the tower from both sides.

Entrances

Accessibility

Plans 30

Structure


31


32


33


34


35


3.0 BUILDINGS 3.3 Civil Defense club

Professional - Seyam Architects Location: Aqaba, Jordan This project won the first prize of a national competition launched in Jordan in 2015 to design a social club for the civil defense members’ families in Aqaba in south Jordan. The architectural characteristics of Aqaba are derived from traditional and contemporary motifs. However, the design is inspired by the local architecture of Aqaba with the best use of space and providing sea view for the chalets. The project initiated by analyzing the potentials of the site. Mainly the most important aspects of the site are the slope and the sea view. The design process starts by grading the site along the natural topography, then finding the best distance between the buildings’ rows to provide sea view, finally shifting the platforms to create a clear spine with ramps for the pedestrians. The activities’ zones were based on the privacy hierarchy of the main program. The restaurants, swimming pools, and the gym were considered, public zones, therefore, they were placed closer to the main street. While the chalets with gardens and pools were considered as semi-public zones ,therefore, they were places towards the upper zones of the site.

36


37


Gym Building

Chalets plans and Elevations

38

Site Plan


39


Friedrichstor

3.0 BUILDINGS

Zentrumsbebauung Monheim

3.4 Friedrichstor

Professional - Lindner Architekten A59

The project is located in the Berlin district in Monheim, Neubau Zentrumsbebauung Monheim Germany, that area is predominantly dominated by buildings Bauherr Lindner Architekten was from the 60s and 70s. However, Sany Properties 1 GmbH commissioned to design a new development study on the site of an old post office building. Architekten The design concept aimed Architekten to suggest a contemporaryLindner design idea KG, to Düsseldorf upgrade the area and rejuvenate the architectural image in that part of the Stadtplaner city. H+B Stadtplanung (Beele und Haase PartG mbB)

Düsseldorf

1

Fachingenieure

Total area of the project: 3,487 m2 Artenschutz

Froelich & Sporbeck GmbH & Co. KG

Langenfeld Rhein-Kreis Neuss

Schallschutz Accon Köln GmbH

5.O ab ck bli ein Rh

Verkehr BSV Büro für Stadt- und Verkehrsplanung

ein Rh

g Rin er rlin Be

hstraße Friedric

Marienburg Park

Vermessung Pilhatsch Ingenieure

Stadtkern

G

Brandschutz Hamacher & Schmidt Ingenieurpartnerschaft für Brandschutz

2

Monheim am Rhein

Monheimer Baggersee

Rheinufer Monheim

9 A5

Lage Monheim am Rhein, Kreis Mettmann

3

Leverkusen

Grundstücksgröße 3.487 m² Köln

Bauaufgabe Neubau eines Wohn-und Geschäftshauses mit kleinen Grünanlagen

Lageplan

Lindner

Architekten Variante D

40

Konzeptdiagramm

F


41


4

.0

CITY SYSTEMS

4.1 East Manchester.............................................................................................................................................................44 4.2 Salt Crystallisation.......................................................................................................................................................48 4.3 Rebuilding Iraq’s Liberated Areas: Mosul’s Housing Competition....................................................... 52

42


SEQUENCE 04

43


4.0 CITY SYSTEMS 4.1 East Manchester

Academic - The Architectural Association - EmTech Location: Manchester, UK This project is the product of experimentation and research based on the tools and techniques acquired from the evolutionary design strategies. The primary aim of the design approach is to investigate and analyze an urban patch in East Manchester and propose a high-density urban system that is integrated with the rest of the city and can produce a differentiated result within the same system for different environmental scenarios. The logics of the system proposed as an urban model are in coherence with the current pressures sustained by the tissue. The entire study aims to accommodate the growing need for densification and is based on a set of associative rules specific to the morphology and density gradients, relative to the system.

URBAN URBAN MOPHOLOGY MOPHOLOGY TARGET POPULATION : 50,000 PERSONS TARGET POPULATION : 50,000 PERSONS GEN 20.05 GEN 20.05

TARGET POPULATION : 100,000 PERSONS TARGET POPULATION : 100,000 PERSONS GEN 20.01 GEN 20.01

Fig 1. Location of Manchester showing Beswick

Core Studio II | City Systems 13 Kaushik Sardesai | Sally Al-Badry | Sharon Ann Philip | Zaqi Fathis

URBAN MOPHOLOGY

URBAN MOPHOLOGY

G.E : 722632M2 S.E : 405019M G.E 722632M2 S.E : 405019M2

TARGET POPULATION : 50,000 PERSONS TARGET POPULATION : 100,000 PERSONS GEN 20.05 GEN 20.01

TARGET POPULATION : 50,000 PERSONS GEN 20.05

G.E : 722632M2 S.E : 405019M2

44 Octopus

FITTEST INDIVIDUAL FITTEST INDIVIDUAL

Octopus analysis are carried out for three population densities. The Octopus analysis are carried out for three population densities. The fitness criteria aim for maximum volume,maximum ground and surface fitness criteria aim for maximum volume,maximum ground and surface exposure. exposure. Each generation composes a specific domain ,gene pool and gene Each generation composes a specific domain ,gene pool and gene count.The fittest of each generation are identified by reparamatrizing the count.The fittest of each generation are identified by reparamatrizing the values obtained from each fitness criterion. The resulting urban patches values obtained from each fitness criterion. The resulting urban patches are further analyzed for network connectivity, density distribution and are further analyzed for network connectivity, density distribution and flooding scenarios. flooding scenarios. G.EG.E : 722632M : 722632M 2

FITTEST INDIVIDUAL

2

S.ES.E : 405019M : 452802M2 2

FITTEST INDIVIDUAL FITTEST INDIVIDUAL

Architectural School of Architecture TARGET POPULATION :Association 150,000 PERSONS Architectural Associationand School of Architecture Emergent Technologies Design 2015-16 GEN 20.03

analysis are carried out for three population densities. The

2015-16 OctopusEmergent analysisTechnologies are carriedand outDesign for three population densities. The

fitness criteria aim for maximum volume,maximum ground and surface

fitness criteria aim for maximum volume,maximum ground and surface

G.E : 722632M2 S.E : 452802M G.E 722632M2 S.E : 452802M2

FITTEST INDIVIDUAL FITTEST INDIVIDUAL

TARGET POPULATION : 100,000 PERSONS TARGET POPULATION : 150,000 PERSONS POPULATION : 150,000 PERSONS GENTARGET 20.01 GEN 20.03 GEN 20.03

G.E : 743833M2 2 2 S.E : 442169M G.E :G.E 722632M 743833M 2 2 S.E :S.E 452802M : 442169M

TARGET POPULATION : 150,000 PERSONS GEN 20.03

FITTEST INDIVIDUAL FITTEST INDIVIDUAL FITTEST INDIVIDUAL


45


4.0 CITY SYSTEMS 4.1.1 Flooding Scenarios

FLOODING SCENARIOS

VOlUME OF WATER : 36,355.00m3

VOlUME OF WATER : 52,657.83m3

VOlUME OF WATER : 97,560.00m3

JANUARY 2016

NOVEMBER 2016

FUTURE

PLAN

PLAN

PLAN

VIEW

VIEW

VIEW

Using the predetermined fitness criteria of having maximum solar exposure,

Various flooding scenarios are also simulated for different time periods. The effect

of the for branches can be clearly identified with the vertical fluctuation of water levels maximum ground exposure maximum volume, generative algorithms Using the predetermined fitness criteriaand of having Various flooding scenariosare areused also simulated maximum solar exposure, maximum ground exposure different time periods. The effect of the branches can during different months of the year, accommodating high volumes of water when in the computation process ( Octopus). Generations are run for varying densities; and maximum volume, generative algorithms are used be clearly identified with the vertical fluctuation of in the computation process ( Octopus). Generations levelssolutions. during different months of the year, required. 50,000, 100,000 and 150,000 persons,arearrivingwater at optimal run for varying densities; 50,000, 100,000 and 150,000 accommodating high volumes of water when required. persons, arriving at optimal solutions. Core Studio II | City Systems 55 46 Kaushik Sardesai | Sally Al-Badry | Sharon Ann Philip | Zaqi Fathis


SITE SECTIONS 4.1.2 Sections x’ x

SECTION xx’ Y’

Y

SECTION YY’

Core Studio II | City Systems 59 Kaushik Sardesai | Sally Al-Badry | Sharon Ann Philip | Zaqi Fathis

47


4.0 CITY SYSTEMS 4.2 Salt Crystallisation

Academic - AA Visiting School jordan Location: Deadsea, Jordan The Dead Sea is a hyper-saline lake, which exists at 427 meters below sea level and features a one-of-a-kind extreme ecological condition. It is the lowest point on earth and exhibits a diverse platform for research into the Eco morphology of crystalline formations. In 2015, the AA in Jordan continues in its thirdcycle to build up on research into naturally occurring phenomena in the region, and how these phenomena can inform design methodologies which re-think existing practices. The program will focus on crystalline formations and their potential development at a variety of architectural and urban scales through the use of cutting-edge computational design technology. The program will bring together a network of distinguished faculty and guests to offer design-research units, specialist tooling seminars and a guest-lecture series; which are based in Amman with exclusive visits to the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea. The project “Faded Agents” is aimed to create a multiple interacting spaces integrated with a specific landscape mainly to create sport and adventure activities by creating landscape interventions that blend the sea with the shore, pursuing a contemporary interpretation and different experience in the dead sea area. The Project’s inspiration is the different formation of crystals of the Dead Sea. The formations inspired us to explore the different forces which con-tributes in forming these fascinating crystalline. The forces that we explored are related to the location forces depending on the heights and the interaction with the Dead Sea water. This integration led us to create a contemporary interpretation for a new exploration and enjoying new spatial experience in the Dead Sea are. 48

Selected Site -Dead Sea

Original Topography

Generated Topography


49


4.0 CITY SYSTEMS 4.2.1 Design Experiments

1

2

3

4

5 50


51


4.0 CITY SYSTEMS 4.3 Rebuilding Iraq’s Liberated Areas:

TIE

Mosul’s Housing Competition (Honourable mention) Professional - Triplicity Architects Location: Mousil, Iraq Issues:

3 After the liberation of Mosul, the Iraqi army

Expand Mostly aggregated above ground, the E

discovered a network of tunnels built underground with a series of entrances from the main city streets. Some ancient historical tunnels were also discovered under the city.

morphology is designed to provide efficient, affordable, and easy housing for Mosul citizens to Expand.

2 Most of the city’s physical and social infrastructure

Interact I morphology is concentrated on the ground level as light frames structure that holds the existing destructed buildings, as well as the units on the higher level. In addition, the framed morphology will create mixed spaces for people to Interact socially.

1 Many of Mosul migrated citizens shall return to the

Transport Taking advantage of the network of tunnels created by ISIS and converting them into a smart system of Transport and of sustainable infrastructure. T stations are strategically located on places where the main activities are happening.

is destroyed. Infrastructure and social network are two main factors for a successful housing project, however they are expensive to reconstruct. How can we develop a smart strategy to improve the social and physical infrastructure in the damaged areas? city with the hope of resuming their former life. How can we create a densified environment that is more resilient and efficient?

3 2 1

52

2


Built Morphology

Plan

Site Intervention 3 -5 m 3 -5 m 3 -5 m 3 -5 m 3 -5 m 3 -5 m

Old City

Infrastructure System

River Banks

Housing

Mosul city

Activity

Existing Infrastructure $$ Reinforced concrete

Smart Grid

~1400$ / 16 m2

$ Local thermostone bricks~58 $/m3

$$Precast concrete

Transport $ Steel/ wood door

~75 $ /m3

~ 40-70 $ /1m2

Ů?Aluminum/steel window ~ 55 $/ 1m2

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54


55


Design Experiments

Contact: albadry.sally@gmail.com Meshed Surface

Transitional Space

56

Courtyard

Open Structure

Profile for Sally Jamal Albadry

Sally Al-Badry Architecture Portfolio '19  

Selected Work

Sally Al-Badry Architecture Portfolio '19  

Selected Work

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