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     sflnsf



dflnsf dlg 6«fG;km/ ;Demg';xf];\ Û

ca tkfO{sf] k};f ljZjsf] h'g;'s} 7fpFaf6 ;lhn};uF k7fPsf] kfpg / k7fpg ;Sg] Ps dfq :yfg sflnsf dflnsf dlg6«fG;km/ lahf}/Ldf v'Nof] lg Û

gf]6M h'g;'s} ljbfdf klg oxfF k};f kfpg / k7fpg ;lsG5 .

sflnsf dflnsf dlg 6«fG;km/

Sakshi Khabar Patrika, Weekly jif{ &,

c+s %@, @)&%

c;f/ @& ut] a'waf/ (Wednesday, 11 Jul.

2018)

g]kfn ;/sf/åf/f …vÚ ju{df ;"rLs[t

d"No ?=!), k[i7– ^

lahf}/L,bfª, kmf]g )*@–$!!!)(, df]=(*%&*@!)&@

   …Ú t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf] Ps jif{sf] ;dLIff

 ;fIfL va/÷lahf}/L

bfªdf tLg j6f ;+ k { b + z pkrf/ s]Gb|x? 5g\ . t/ tLg j6} ;k{b+z pkrf/ s]Gb|x? gfddfq}sf 5g\ . t'n;Lk'/sf] /fKtL c~rn c:ktfn, 3f]/fxLsf] /fKtL pkIf]qLo c:ktfn / ndxLsf] ndxL c:ktfndf ;k{b+zsf] pkrf/ s]Gb| :yfkgf ul/Psf] 5 . t/ tL pkrf/ s]Gb|af6 k|efjsf/L ;]jf k|bfg x'g ;ls/x]sf] cj:yf 5}g\ . /fKtL pkIf]qLo c:ktfndf e]lG6n]6/ klg 5 . t/ ljleGg lajfbsf sf/0f k| e fjsf/L ?kdf ;~rfngdf cfpg ;s]sf] cj:yf 5}g\, eg] /fKtL c~rn c:ktfn / ndxL c:ktfndf e]lG6n]6/ 5}g\, cf}ifwL dfq} k|bfg ul/G5 . clxn] bfªsf ;+k{b+z pkrf/ s]Gb| gfddfq}sf ePsf 5g\, pkrf/ ub} { g g\ , la/fdL l/km/ u5{ g \   . la/fdLnfO{ l/km/ u/]/ afFs] tyf a' 6 jn n} h fb} ubf{ af6f] d } sltkosf] d[To' ;d]t x'g] u/]sf] 5 . ToxL sf/0fn] bfªdf tLg hgfsf] d[To' eO{;s]sf] 5 . s]xL ;do cl3 t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/ !( lgjf;L ( jifL{o ;'lgn lassf] ;k{ b+zaf6 lgwg eof]  . /fKtL c~rn c:ktfndf PPkmeL e]gd cf}ifwL lbO{of] t/ e]lG6n]6/ gx'Fbf g]kfnu+h l/km/ ul/of] . g]kfnu+h n}hfb} ubf{ af6f]d} d[To' eof] . To:t} t'n;Lk'/—! sL Ps !*

dlxg] lzz'nfO{ 3/ cfFugd} v]Ng] qmddf ;k{n] 6f]Sof] . To;sf] s]xL ;dodf c:ktfn k'¥ofpFb} ubf{ af6f] d } d[ T o' eof]   . To;} u l/ t'n;Lk''/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/ !! lk| u fpF lgjf;L #% jifL{of b'uf{ nfld5fg]nfO{ ;k{n] 6f] s ] s f] s] x L ;dodf /fKtL pkIf]qLo c:ktfn 3f]/fxLdf nluP nuQ} lrlsT;sn] d[t 3f]if0ff u/] . of] jif{sf] clxn] ;Dddfq} tLg hgfsf] d[To' eO{;s]sf] 5 . sf/0f :yfgLo :t/df ;k{bz + sf] k|efjsf/L pkrf/ gx'g' . oL t pbfx/0f dfq} x'g \, ;k{sf] 6f]sfO{ jif]{0fL w]/}sf] d[To' x'g] u5{\, t/ To;sf] k|efjsf/L pkrf/ x'g] 7fpF bfªsf] s'g} klg 7fpF 5}g \ . /fKtL pkIf]qLo c:ktfn e]lG6n]6/ eP klg ljleGg sf/0fn] ;~rfngdf cfpg g;s] s f]

c:ktfn >f] t n] atfPsf] 5 . …e] l G6n] 6 / t 5Ú t/ ljleGg sf/0fn] ;~rfngdf cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g\ .Ú >f]tsfcg';f/ la/fdLx?nfO{ cfjZos ePkl5 e] l G6n] 6/sf] sfd xftn] g} u/fP/ pkrf/ ug{] u/] s f] egfO{ 5 . e] l G6n] 6 / ;~rfng x'g g;Sbf ;]jf k|jfxdf ;d:of x'g] u/]sf] >f]tsf] egfO{ 5 . /fKtL c~rn c:ktfnn] eg] cf}ifwL dfq} ePsf] t/ e]lG6n]6/ gePsf] /fKtL c~rn c:ktfn t' n ;Lk' / sf lgldQ d] l 8sn ;' kl/6] G8] G6 8f= lagf]b l;+x n] atfP . …xfdLsxfF cf}ifwL dfq} x'G5Ú pgn] eg]… t/ e]lG6n]6/ 5}g .Ú h;n] ubf{ la/fdLx?nfO{ l/km/ ug'{sf] ljsNk gePsf] pgn] atfP . pgn] ;k{sf] la/fdLnfO{ k|efjsf/L ?kdf pkrf/ ug{sf

nflu e]lG6n]6/ clgjfo{ /x]sf] atfP . …clxn] c:ktfndf cfPsf ;k{b+zsf la/fdLnfO{ l/km/ ug'{sf] ljsNk 5}g\Ú pgn] eg] …c~rn c:ktfnd} k|efjsf/L ;]jf k|bfg ug{sf nflu e]lG6n]6/sf] Aoa:yf clgjfo{ 5 .Ú ndxL c:ktfndf klg cf}ifwL dfq} 5 . Tof] klg :6f]/ /x]sf] 5 . c:ktfnsf lgldQ k|dv ' 8f= ljdn]z s'df/ u'Ktfsfcg';f/ cf} i fwL eP/ dfq ;k{ b + z sf la/fdLsf] pkrf/ ;Dej gePsf] eGb} pgn] ;k{b+zsf la/fdLsf] ;kmn pkrf/sf nflu e]lG6n]6/sf] Joj:yf clgjfo{ /x]sf] atfP . b]pv'/L If]qdf ToxfF Jo;foLx?sf] kxndf ;k{b+zsf] pkrf/ s]Gb| :yfkgf Nofpg] tof/L ul/x]sf] 5 . b] p v' / L pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+ 3 n]

 afFsL clGtd k]hdf=========

    ;fIfL va/÷lahf}/L

lahf}/L:yLt If]qLo cfo'j]{b c:ktfnnfO{ k||b]z:t/Lo c:ktfn agfpg ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] ;'emfj lbPsf 5g\ . c:ktfnsf] ;du|| ljsf;sf ;Gbe{ d f k| | b ] z g+ a / % sf] ;fdflhs ljsf; dGqfnosf] :jf:Yo ;] j f dxfzfvfn] cfof] h gfdf ePsf] cGt/lqmof

ca uf8L l/h{a rflxPdf===Û …k"/} P;L ePsf] jn]/f] uf8L l/ha{ rflxPdf xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\.Ú



 lahf}/L,df]= g+= (*$$()^^!&,(*)(&%%#(!

Û ÛÛ 3f]/fxLsf] ;'Gb/ gu/Ldf gofF Joj:yfkgsf] ;fydf l;/s, 8;gf, sk8f w'g] nufot ;a} k|sf/sf] uf8L w'g] Joj:yf /x]sf] / uf8L l/he{ ug{' k/]df xfdLnfO{ ;D‰fg'xf];\ . tkfO{x+ ?sf] ;]jf Ps k6s ug]{ df}sf lbg'xf];\ .

k|f=] sdn k5fO{

k5fO{ jfl;ª ;]G6/ df]=(*)!#$*#%@

3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf–!%, -/fKtL lzIff sn]h rf}s_ e/tk'/,bfª

bfFt ;DaGwL ;Dk'0f{ pkrf/ kGyL 8]G6ndf bfª 3f]/fxL xl:k6n /f]8l:yt kGyL 8]G 6n lSnlgsdf b}lgs?kdf bfFt, luhf, d'v;DaGwL ljz]if1 ;]jf k|bfg ul//x]sf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f}+ . xKtfsf] ;ft} lbg v'Nnf /xg] tyf ;b}j lk|m bGt k/LIf0f ul/G5 .

         

bfFt tyf luhf;DaGwL ;fdfGo tyf hl6n k|sf/sf gofF k|ljlwaf6 ck|]zg ;]jf, nfO6, So"cf]/ lkmlnª\u ug{], cN6«f;f]lgs d]lzgåf/f bfFtsf] ;kmfO{ ug{], Dental X-ray ul/g], v/fa bfFtnfO{ yfxf gkfpg] u/L lgsfNg] tyf bfFt gePsf] 7fpFdf lemSg gkg{] u/L lkmS; bfFt Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy nufpg], bfFtdf l;;f eg{], rfFbL eg{], l;d]G6 eg{], b'v]sf] bfFtnfO{ RCT u/L gb'Vg] eg{], k'/f bfFt gePsfnfO{ km'n ;]6 nufpg' k/]df gofF k|ljlwaf6 k'/f Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy nufpg], afª\uf– l6ª\uf bfFtx? ldnfpg'sf ;fy} lalu|Psf bfFtsf] s:d]l6s pkrf/ ul/G5 . nfOg gePsf] a]nfdf klg h]g]/]6sf] ;'ljwf 5 .

kGyL 8]G6n lSnlgs xl:k6n /f]8 3f]/fxL bfª,

kmf] g g+ + = M )*@–%^@#^&,df] = (*$&*%&%^(

sfo{ qmddf ;xefuLx?n] o:tf] ;'emfj lbPsf x'g\ . …k||b]z:t/L If]qLo c:ktfnsf nflu k| z :t} ;Defjgf 5g\ , hl8j'6L v]tLb]lv k||zf]wg d]l;g ;Dd oxfF ;Grfng x'g ;S5Ú– s]Gb|Lo ljBfkL7 a]nem'08Lsf k"j{ k||frfo{ Zofddl0f clwsf/Ln] eg] . ;fy} pgn] oxfF cfo'j]{b lzIff a'em\g] JolQmx?s} ;d:of ePsf] eGb} oxfF hl8a' 6L e08f/0fsf] ;d]t ;d:of /x]sf] klg atfP . ;fy} pgn] o; c:ktfnsf] ef}lts ;'wf/ nufot hgzlQm ;d]t yk ug{ k|b]z dGqfnonfO{ ;'emfj lbPsf lyP . cGt/lqmof sfo{ q mddf s] G b| L o cfo' j ] { b ljBfkL7sf 8fS6/ ;'lgn s'df/n] cfo'j]{bsf] k||r'/ ;Defjgf x'Fbfx'Fb} klg /fHon] o;nfO{ a'em\g g;s]sf] atfP . cfkm\g} cWoIftfdf ePsf] cGt/lqmof sfo{qmddf cfo' j]{b If]qLo c:ktfnsf lgldQ lgb]{zs 8f= /fd sfd]Zj/ 7fs'/n] ljifo k||j]z u/fPsf lyP . ;f] cj;/df c:ktfn ljsf; ;ldltsf cWoIf e} / j dHu} o f, ;fdflhs ljsf; dGqfnosf slj/fh u0f]z e§/fO{, lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf hutaxfb' / a:g] t , t' n ;Lk' / pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf :jf:Yo OsfO{sf k|d| v ' 8fS6/ uf]s0f{ bfxfn, ljsf; ;ldlt ;b:o a+zLs'df/ zdf{ , lahf} / L pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf d's]z jnL, 8fS6/ d'/nL dgf]x/ /f}lgof/, kqsf/ ;' ' l gns' d f/ kf] v /] n nufotn] dGtJo JoQm u/]sf lyP . hl8a'6L v]tLsf nflu cfPsf] slDtdf %) nfv ?k}of hUufsf] cefjdf lk|mh

ePsf] lyof] . sfo{ q mdsf] ;xhLs/0f cf]dk||sfz Gof}kfg]n] u/]sf lyP .

;fIfL va/÷t'n;Lk'/

t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] ! jif{ leq eP u/]sf]] jflif{s sfdsf] ;ldIff u/] s f] 5 . pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] hgk|ltlglw cfO{;s]kl5 eP u/]sf] sfdsf] jflif{s ;ldIff u/]sf] xf] . ;f] d af/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf] ePsf] An8 a} + s ;~rfngdf ;xof] u jflif{ s ;ldIff sfo{ q mdnfO{ u/]sf], c~rn c:ktfndf d[uf}nf ;Daf]wg ub{} pkdxfg/kflnsfsf kLl8tsf] 8fOnfl;; ;]jfsf nflu k|d'v 3gZofd kf08]n] Ps jif{df #) nfv ;xof]u u/]sf] atfP . k| d ' v kf08] n ] ljsf; / ;d[l4sf gd'gf of]Uo sfd ePsf] jtfP . pgn] v/sf] pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] ! jif{df !@ 5fgf] lj:yflkt u/]/ l6gsf] 5fgf] ;o of]hgfx? ;~rfng u/]sf] / nufpg], ;'Ts]/L eQf a9fP/ % ! ca{ a/fa/sf sfo{ q mdx? xhf/ k|bfg ug]{ h:tf sfo{x?n] ;DkGg u/]sf] atfP . To:t} pgn] /fi6«sf] Wofg s]lG›t u/]sf] rrf{ Ps jif{ leq s'g} em}emu8f / u/] s f lyP . To:t} pgn] ljjfb ljgf ;kmntf k"j{s sfo{ gu/leqsf $) ;fd' b flos ;Dkfbg u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . t/ ljBfno ;'wf/sf] sfo{qmd, /fKtL pgn] sfg'g lgdf{0fdf ljnDa x'Fbf aaO{ SofDk;nfO{ @) nfv ;xof]u s] xL sfd ug{ sl7gfO{ ePsf] u/]sf], t'n;Lk'/ !@ xl/kf}/Ldf d]6f« ] atfP . cfkm'x?n] lsg]sf ^ j6f sn]h :yfkgfsf] k|of; clGtd PDa'n]G; eG;f/d} ylGsPsf] pgn] r/0fdf k'u]sf], c+rn c:ktfndf  afFsL clGtd k]hdf=========

hgtf ;+:s[t df=lj=(TECS) lahf}/Lsf] ljBfyL{ egf{ ;DaGwL ;"rgf Û z}lIfs ;q @(&$ sf] P;O{O{ k/LIffdf ;lDdlnt eO{ ;kmn x'g] ;Dk"0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ pHHjn eljiosf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}F . ;fy} z}lIfs ;q @)&% sf nflu tkl;n adf]lhd ;+sfo÷sfo{qmdx?df cWoog ug{sf] nflu gofF egf{ v'Nnf ul/Psf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpb5f}F . lzIff ;+sfo sIff !! -lbjf ;q_ !* dlxg] s[lif h]l6P -ljxfgL ;q _ egf{ sfo{qmd egf{ sfo{qmd != kmf/fd ljt/0f M @)&%÷)#÷@$ ut]b]lv != kmf/fd ljt/0fM @)&%÷)#÷@$ ut]b]lv @ sIff ;~rfngM @)&% >fj0f )^ ut]b]lv @ k|j]z k/LIff M @)&% >fj0f @! ut] lbpF;f] @ ah] #= cfjZos sfuhftMz}lIfs of]Uotfsf k|df0fkqx? #= sIff ;~rfng M @)&% efb| )# ut]b]lv $= cfjZos sfuhftM z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] k|df0fkqx? $= kmf]6f] M # k|lt %= kmf]6f] M # k|lt   yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu ljBfnodf ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf .

k|wfgfWofks

hgtf ;+:s[t df=lj (TECS) lahf}/L, bfª ;Dks{ M )*@–$!!)#$, (*$&*$((&^, (*$$(!)%&&, (*%&*@!&%^

cfGtl/s /fhZj sfof{no t'n;Lk'/sf] ;Dk"0f{ Joj;foLx?df cg'/f]w Û

^

cfos/sf] clGtd ls:tf /sd bflvnf ug{

lbg dfq afFsL

cfos/ P]g @)%* sf] bkmf ($-!_ adf]lhd cfkm\gf] jflif{s sf/f]jf/df bflvnf ug'k{ g]{ ls:tfaGbL s/ cGt/ut nfUg] cg'dflgt s/sf] ztk|ltzt /sd dWo] ltg{ afFsL /sd @)&% c;f/ dlxgfsf] d;fGt;Dd clgjfo{ ?kdf a}s + bflvnf u/L nfUg] Jofh tyf hl/jfgfaf6 aRg' x'g hfgsf/L u/fOG5 .

;w} ;Demg'xf]; Û uf}/L z+s/ cf]e/l;h k|f=ln=nfO{ o; zfvfn] klxn} b]lv ;fpbL, stf/, dn]l;of, s'j]t nufot uNkm b]zx?df ;kmntfk"j{s k7fO/xsf] hfgsf/L u/fpb5f}+ . st} o:t} d]gkfj/sf] t vf]hL ul//xg'

ePsf] 5}g <

uf}/L z+s/ cf]e/l;h k|f=ln= zfvf sfof{no, sf7]sf]xn 3f]/fxL bfª

l;wf ;Dks{ M kmf] g g+ = )*@–%^#$)), %^!%*), %^!^&! df] = (*%&*#@)#),  ( *) !# #) *! ),  (* )! ## )* !%  ( *) !# #) *! $,  (* )! ## )* !# , (*)!##)*!*,(*)!##)*@) , Od] n M gsbranehdang@gmail.com

s] tkfO{ j}bl] zs /f]huf/df hfFb} x'gx' G' 5< olb hfFb} x'g'x'G5 eg] j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu d]l8sn l/kf]6{ gSsnL knf{gL < xf]l;of/ /xg'xf]nf . /fKtL c~rnd} e/kbf]{ g]kfn ;/sf/ :jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof dGqfnoaf6 dfGotf k|fKt o; l/;r{ ;]G6/df j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu ;fpbL, stf/, dn]l;of, s'j]t, ax/fOg, cf]dg, n]agfg, nufot uNkm b]zx?sf] nflu xf]nf]u|fd;lxtsf] d]l8sn l/kf]6{ tof/ ul/G5 . ;fy} ljdfsf nflu klg :jf:Yo r]s hfFr ul/G5 .

ljGbjfl;gL d]l8sn P08 l/;r{ ;]G6/ k|f=ln= 3f]/ fxL–!! bfª -s[ l if ljsf; a}+ s ln= cufl8_ ; D ks { M )* @– %^# && &, (* %&* #$ #^ * ,( * $ $(^ !& #!, ( * % &* # @! #%

/ L–%, dfgk'/ /f] 8 , bfª k| f ] = zDe' /] U dL(*$&*@#^&! (*$&*#^!!!)*@–$!!!!! …z'4 tf]/Lsf] t]n k|of]u u/f}+, :j:y /xf}+FÚ >L b'uf{ cfon ldn xfd|flahf} ;]jfx?M– xfdL sxfF lkmN6/ u/]sf] z'4 tf]/Lsf] t]n kfOg'sf ;fy} k]nfgL Pjd\ lk;fgLsf ;Dk"0f{ sfdx? ul/G5 . ;]jf ug]{ df}sf lbg'xf]nf .


;ftf va/

;fKtflxs

;fIfL va/ klqsf

@)&% c;f/ @& ut] a'waf/

#

    

;fu/ yfkf÷3f]/fxL

% gDa/ k|bz ] k|x/L sfof{no cGtu{t !@ j6f lhNnfx?df ;jf/L b'3{6gf /f]Sgsf nflu k|To]s uf8Lx?df ljz]if ul/ 6]S6/df /ftf] l/km\nl] s6\e l:6s/ 6f:g] cleofg k'gM ;'? ePsf] 5 . /ftLsf] ;dodf df]6/;fOsn tyf :s'6Lx? 6]S6/;Fu 7f]lSsP/ b'3{6gf x'g] u/]sf] eGb} % gDa/ k|bz ] k|x/Ln] uf8Lx?df /ftf] l:6s/ 6f:g cleofg ;'? u/]sf] xf] . % gDa/ k|b]z k|x/L k|d'v l8cfOhL z]/axfb'/ a:g]tsf] lgb]{zgdf % gDa/ k|b]zsf] lhNnfx?df g} cleofg ;' ? ePsf] 5 . uf8Lx?sf] rlDsnf] k|sfz k/fjt{g

u/fpg l:6s/ 6f:g yflnPsf] xf] . clwsf+z ;jf/L b'36{ gf /fqL ;dodf x'g] ePsf] sf/0f / 6]S6/x?sf] k5f8L nfO6 gx'bf :s'6/ tyf df]6/;fOsn 7f]lsg] u/]sf 5g\ . pgn]] eg] o;nfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{sf nflu xfdLn] k|bz ] e/Lsf] lhNnfx?df o; cleofg rnfPsf] xf} k5fl8sf] efudf 6f9faf6 rlDsnf] k|sfz gb]lvg] x'bF f /ftf] l:6s/ 6f:g ;'? ul/Psf] xf] . lxpFbsf] ;dodf s'lx/f]n] ubf{ ;8s g} gb]lvg] ePsf] sf/0f klg uf8Lx¿df of] l:6s/ cfjZos ePsf] atfP . 6f9faf6 g} :ki6 b]lvg] ePsf] sf/0f :s'6L / df]6/;fOsnnufot cGo uf8Lx? b'3{6gf sd x'g]

k|bz ] k|x/L k|dv ' a:g]tn] laZjf; u/] . clwsf+z uf8Lx¿nfO{ l:6s/ 6fF; ug{ nufPsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . ;8sdf u'8\g] uf8Lx?nfO{ /f]s]/ l:6s/ 6f:g nufOPsf] 5 eg] ;jf/L wgL cfkm}n] l:6s/ vl/b ug{k' g]{ k|x/Ln] atfPsf] 5 . % g+= k|bz ] k|dv ' a:g]tn] hyfefjL ¿kdf ;8sdf b'3{6gf ePsf] 5 pgn]] eg] lalu|Psf] ;jf/L af6f]df /fVg]nfO{ sfjf{xL ug{ lgb]{zg lbPsf] 5' o;n] klg b'3{6gf Go" gLs/0fsf nflu dxTjk" 0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]5 {  . a9\bf] ;jf/L b'36{ gf lgoGq0fsf nflu % gDa/ k|b]z k|x/L sfof{non] ljz]if cleofg ;'? u/]sf] 5 .

…Ú ;fIfL va/÷t'n;Lk'/

dfgj clwsf/sdL{x? ca cfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts ?kdfGt/0fdf nfUg' k g] { Ps sfo{qmdsf jQmfx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . dfgj clwsf/sf If]qdf sfd ug]{ ;+3;+:yfx? clxn];Dd gful/s clwsf/ / /fhgLlts clwsf/sf nflu dfq} nl8/x]sf] eGb} jQmfx?n] ca cfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;+f:s[lts ?kfGt/0fdf nfUg'kg]{ atfPsf x'g\ . zlgaf/ ePsf] PDg]i6L O{G6/g]Zgn g]kfn ;d"x ^^ t'n;Lk'/ bfªsf] @@ cf}+ ;fwf/0f;efdf jQmfx?n] ca dfgj clwsf/jfbL ;+:yfx?n] o; ljifodf ulDe/ aGg'kg]{ cj:yf cfPsf] jQmfx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . ;d"x ^^ sf cWoIf o'j/fh 8fFuLsf] c W o I ft f t yf t ' n ; L k / pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf k| d ' v 3gZofd kf08]sf] k|d'v cfltYo Pj+ PDg]i6Lsf s]Gb|Lo pkdxf;lrj ozf]bf pkfWofo, k"j{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o k|df]bs'df/ Gof}kfg]sf] ljlzi6 cfltYodf sfo{qmd ePsf] xf] . To; cj;/df k|dv ' cltly kf08]n]

dfgj clwsf/sf If]qdf PDg]i6Ln] v]ns ] f] e"ldsf dxTjk"0f{ ePsf] eGb} ca clwsf/sf nflu P]h]08f kl/jt{g ug'{kg]{ atfP . d'n'sdf ca /fhgLlts n8fO{ ;lsPsf] eGb} clwsf/sdL{x?n] ;fdflhs, cfly{ s / ;fF: s[ l ts If] q df lqmofzLn x'g'kg]{ atfP . To; c j ; / df l j l z i 6 c l t l y pkdxf;lrj pkfWofon] PDg]i6Ln] dfgj clwsf/sf nflu hgr]tgf d'ns tyf ;/sf/nfO{ bjfj lbg] sfo{ ul//x]sf] atfO{g \ . PDg]i6Ln] /fli6«o dfq} xf]O{g\, cGt/f{li6«o :t/af6 dfgjclwsf/ pNn+3gsf 36gfx? cWoog ug]{ / ;dfwfg tkm{ pGd'v u/fpg] sfo{ u/]sf] atfO{g\ . To; cj;/df ljlzi6 cltly k"j{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o k|df]b Gof}kfgn] dfgj clwsf/ pNn+3gsf ljZjJofkL ;d:ofnfO{ ;dfwfg ug{ PDg]i6Ln] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf] atfP . sf]iffWoIf ;'lgns'df/ kf]v|]nn] :jfut dGtJoaf6 ;'? u/]sf] sfo{qmddf jl/i7 clwjQmf l8NnL/fh lwtfn, dfgj clwsf/ ; ~h fn bf ªs f ; + of ] h s

s]zjs'df/ zdf{, O{nfsf k|x/L sfof{no t'n;Lk'/sf k|x/L lg/LIfs ljj]ss'df/ zfx, t'n;Lk'/ gu/ h ] l ; hs f c W o I f l b k ] z e08f/Lnufotn] dGtJo JoQm u/]sf lyP . ;fwf/0f;efdf k| u lt k|l tj] b g k| : t' t ub} { ;lrj sflnaxfb'/ rf}w/Ln] PDg]i6L h:tf] ;'s} k|lts'n cj:yfdf klg dfgj clwsf/sf] ;+/If0f / ;+a4{gsf nflu lqmofzLn /x]sf] atfP . To;cj;/df sf] i ffWoIf ;'lgns'df/ kf]v|]nn] cfly{s k|l tj] b g k] z u/] s f lyP . sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f ;lrj s]lj rf}w/Ln] u/]sf lyP . PDg]i6Ldf gofF g]t[Tj Pdg]i6L OG6/g]zgn g]kfn ;d"x ^^ bfËsf] @@ cf} ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 df]xg :j0f{sf/ ;+of]hsdf, s]jL rf}w/L pk;+of]hsdf, ;'gLn kf]vn ]| ;lrjdf, k'0f{ 8f+uL ;x–;lrjdf, /] z d v8\ s f sf] i ffWoIf / ;b:ox?df afdb]j ;fksf]6f dflnsf kf08] lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ .

 

;fIfL va/÷t'n;Lk'/ t ' n ; L k ' / pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf gu/k|d'v 3gZofd kf08]n] s[ifssf 3/3/df s[lif lj1sf] Joj:yf ug]{ atfPsf 5g\ . pgn] ls;fgnfO{ sfd ug{sf nflu cg'bfg /sd lbg] atfpFb} cg'bfg /sd b'?kof]u ug] { n fO{ sfnf] ;" l rdf /fVg] atfPsf 5g\   . s[ l if If] q sf] ljsf;s f nflu t ' n ;Lk' / pkdxfgu/n] cfufdL cfly{ s jif{df !) s/f]8 5'6\ofPsf] atfpFb} kf08]n] cg'bfg /sd ;xL 7fpF k'u] gk'u]sf] af/]df cg'udg ug]{ ;d]t atfP . pgn] OdfGbfl/tfsf ;fydf sfd ug]{ s[ifsnfO{ k};fsf] sdL x'g glbg] eGb} s[lif k]zfnfO{ ;Ddflgt k]zfsf ?kdf ljsf; ug{ pkdxfgu/n] s[ifs kl/ro kq / kf]zfs sfo{qmd NofPsf] klg atfP . …xfdLsxfF ;a} If]qdf s]xL klg ug{ ;s]g eg] s[lif k]zfdf nfUg' kb{5 eGg] dfGotf /x]sf] 5 t/ ljsl;t b]zdf /fd|f];Fu k9]/ s[lif If]qsf af/]df a'em]/ dfq of] k]zfdf nfu]sf x'G5g\Ú pgn] eg] . l s ;f g x ?s f ; d : o f ;dfwfg ug{sf nflu ls;fg;Fu s[lif lj1 sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ nfu]sf] atfpFb} gu/k|d'v kf08]n] of] jif{nfO{ pkdxfgu/n] s[lif / kz'kfng jif{sf ?kdf ljz]if sfd ug]{ klg atfP . Joj;flos kz'kfng / s[lifdf nfu]sfx?nfO{ l8 k lk| m h l jt /0f ul/g] sfo{ q mdnfO{ ;Daf] w g ub{ } gu/k|dv ' kf08]n] s[ifsnfO{ nlIft

u/]/ t'n;Lk'/df s[lif tyf kmnkm'n ahf/ lgdf{0f ug{ nfu]sf] ;d]t atfP . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} s[ifs gf/fo0f e08f/Ln] Joj;flos s[lif k] z fd f nfu] s f s[ i fsnfO { pkdxfgu/n] cg'b fg pknAw u/fPsf]df v';L JoQm u/] . …sl[ ifnfO{ g} Joj;fo agfPsfx?nfO{ cg'bfg klg ;'? u/]sf]df dnfO{ lgs} v';L nfu]sf] 5Ú e08f/Ln] eg] . pgn] cfw' l gs kz' k fng / v]ltkftLsf af/]df ls;fgx?nfO{ tflnd lbg'kg]{ s'/fdf klg hf]8 lbP . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/ ^ uf]nf}/fsf ls;fg rGb|axfb'/ 8fFuLn] lk|mh kfPkl5 ljqmL gePsf] b'w ;+sng u/]/ /fVg ;lhnf] x'g] atfP . …d}n] !@ j6f ufO{ kfn]sf] 5'F, slxn]sfxL b'w ljqmL gx'Fbf To;} v]/ hfGYof] ca ;+sng u/]/ /fVg ;lhnf] x'g] eof]Ú pgn] atfP .

t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf !( sL sNkgf yfkf du/n] lk|mh kfPkl5 k|m]; xfp; ;~rfng ug{ ;lhnf] x'g] atfOg\ . …lk|mh lsGg] k};f lyPg, lk|mh gx'Fbf klg ljqmL gePsf] df;' To;} v]/ hfGYof], ca Jofkf/ /fd|f] x'g] eof]Ú pgn] elgg\ . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf leq ljleGg kz'kfng;Fu ;DalGwt Joj;fodf nfu]sf ls;fgx?nfO{ cf7 j6f l8k / b'O{ j6f nË u/]/ !) j6f lk|mh ljt/0f ul/Psf] kz' ;]jf zfvfsf k|d'v ;'bfd e6\6n] atfP . pgn] kz'kfns ls;fgx?sf] 3/d} uP/ kz' pkrf/sf] ;'ljwf k|bfg ug{ cfufdL jif{af6 sfo{qmd ;'? ug]{ ;d]t atfP . kz';]jf zfvfsf ^) k|ltzt / ls;fgsf] $) k|ltzt nufgLdf lk|m h ljt/0f ul/Psf] ;' jf; cfrfo{n] atfP .

    <

bfªsf] lahf}/Ldf ho dfF nIdL lkmS; lrDgL O§f pBf]uaf6 pTkflbt O§fx? wdfwd pTkflbt e}/x]sf] hfgsf/L u/fpb} ;'ky d"Nodf lalqm klg eO/x]sf] 5 . Psk6s k|of]u ug{] xf]Og t < gf]6M– xfdLnfO{ Ps sn ug{'xf];\ tkfO{s} 7fpFdf xf]d8]nLe]/L

ub{5f}{+ .

k|f ]= ;'/ ]G b| a'9 f df] = (*%&*@#&#( k| f ] = ledl;ª /fjn df] = (*)(&)^#)%

k|f ]= hut kxf8L df] = (*)^@*$#%$ df] = (*^*^*!!(*

ho dfF nIdL lkmS; lrDgL O§f pBf]u lahf}/L–%, -gofFa:tL_ Ujf/vf]nf, bfª

ca ho afu]Zj/LnfO{ ;w}+ ;Demg'x ' f]; Û bfªsf] cldlnof ho jfu]Zj/L qm;/ pBf]udf 3/lgdf{0fsf nflu ljleGg ;fO{hsf s'6]sf] lu§L, wf]Psf] jfn'jf, ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 .

xfdL sxfF lu§L klg kfOG5 .

ho jfu]Zj/L qm;/ pBf]u k|f=ln= cldlnof, bfª, ;Dks{M df]=(*)^@()@&*

@$ s/f]8 !* nfv !^ xhf/, rfn' ah]6 tkm{ $ s/f]8 ^) nfv, :jf:Yo tkm{ ^) nfv, lzIff tkm{ ^) nfv, kz' tkm{ @% nfv, s[lif tkm{ ^) nfv, To:t} dlxnf tyf jf njl nsf t km { & nf v, ufFpklnsfsf] uf}/asf cfof]hgf tkm{ @ s/f]8 %) nfv / j8f tkm{ ^) nfv b]lv &% nfv /sd l j lg o f ] h g e Ps f ] 5 . ufFpkflnsfsf] rf}yf] ufFp;efdf cfly{s ljw]s @)&%, gLlt tyf sfo{ q md @)&% / ljlgof] h g

;fIfL va/÷lr/f3f6 zflGtgu/ ufF p kflnsfsf] rf} yf] ufFp ;ef ufFp kflnsfsf] sfof{nodf b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dtsf ;fy lr/f3f6af6 h'Dn]sn ' fdf ;fg]{ lg0f{o ub}{ laxLaf/ ;dfkg ePsf] 5 . ufFpkflnsf k|d'v sdfgl;+x 8fF u Lsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg ufFp;efdf cfly{s aif{ )&%÷)&^ sf] @* s/f]8 !* nfv !^ xhf/ a/fa/sf] s'n ah]6 k|:t't ePsf] lyof] . h; cGt{ut kF'hLut tkm{

ljw]os @)&% ;d]t kfl/t ePsf] ufF p kflnsfsf k| j SQf /lj a'9fyf]sLn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . ;f] cj;/df ufpFkflnsfdf cf– cfkm\gf] If]qdf pTs[i6 sfo{ ug]{ sd{rf/L tyf lzIfsnfO{ gub ;lxt ;–;Ddfg k|z+;f kq k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . ufpFkflnsf cWoIf sdfgl;+x 8fFuLn] gub /flz / k|df0f–kq k|bfg u/]sf lyP eg] ufpFkflnsf pkfWoIf ldlynf zfxn] l6sf nufP/ bf] ; Nnf j9fO{ ;Ddfg u/]sL lyOg\ .



;fIfL va/÷a+unfr'nL

3tL{ du/, k|=k|=c= rG›sfGt kf}8n ] , ;a} j8fsf cWoIfx?, sd{rf/Lx?, ljifout zfvfsf sd{ r f/Lx?, ;Da4 s[ifsx?, Joj;foLx?sf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . ;dfkg sfo{qmddf af]Nb} cWoIf jnLn] xfdL kz'hGo kbfy{sf] pkef]u s;/L ubf{ pko'Qm x'G5, s;/L ;'/lIft x'g ;S5f} OToflb s'/fdf cglj1 5f} . xfdLn] s;/L ;'/lIft

a+unfr'nL ufpFkflnsf / kz' ljsf; zfvfsf] cfof] h gfdf …;/f] s f/jfnfx?;F u :j:Yo / :jR5 kz'hGo kbfy{sf] pkef]u ;DaGwL ! lbg] tflnd sfo{qmdÚ a+unfr'nLsf] sld/]rf}/df ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ufpFkflnsf cWoIf eQmaxfb'/ jnLsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf pkfWoIf od'gf

tl/sfn] pkef]u ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] s'/f /fd|f];Fu a'em]/ cjnDag ug{ lgtfGt h?/L /x]sf] To;sf] ;'?jft ug{' kg]{ atfP . sfo{qmddf lhNnf kz' ;]jf sfof{no bfªsf sfof{no k|d'v tyf a=k=lj=c= 8f= rG› axfb'/ /fgfn] k|lzIf0f lbPsf lyP eg] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng a+unfr'nL j8f g+= # / $ sf j8f ;lrj xf]dnfn e';fnn] u/]sf lyP .

 ;fIfL va/÷lahf}/L ;xf/f ljxLg ag] s f hgo'4sf of] 4f t' n ;Lk' / !% lgjf;L sdfgaxfb'/ a:g]tsf] nflu 3/ lgdf{0f eO{/x]sf] 5 . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/ !& dfgk' / df pgsf] 3/ lgdf{ 0 f eO{/x]sf] 5 . k"j{ dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf] kxndf pgsf] 3/ lgdf{0f x'g nfu]sf] xf] . k"j{ dfcf]jfbL s]Gb| t'n;Lk'/sf] kxndf hUuf lsGg]

b]lv 3/ lgdf{0f sfo{ z'? ePsf] xf] . h;sf nflu cfly{s ;+sng ;ldlt / lgdf{0f ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] 5 . sl/a kfFr nfvsf] nufgLdf b'O{ sf]7] 3/, zf}rfno lgdf{ 0f ug{ nfluPsf] cfly{s ;ldltsf ;+of]hs led rf}w/Ln] atfP . pgsf cg' ; f/ 3/ lgdf{0fsf nflu clxn];Dd b'O{ nfv *) xhf/, a/fa/sf ;fdu|L hDdf eO{;s]sf] 5 . pgL hgo'4df Tofu u/]sf of]4f x'g\ . pgsf

>ldtL, b'O{ 5f]/f / b'O{ 5f]/L lyO{g \ . t/ clxn] pgsf] ;fydf 3/, >dtL, 5f]/f5f]/L sf]xL klg 5}gg\ . ^& jifL{o a:g]t clxn] ;xf/f ljxLg ag]sf 5g\ . 3/ lgdf{0fsf nflu k"j{ dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf g]tf /fdaxfb'/ blxt, t'nf/fd e08f/L af?b, o1axfb'/ s];L, cd[t v8\ sf, t'n ;Lk' / pkdxfgu/ sfo{ k flnsf ;b:o cd/ g]kfnL…dfO{snÚnufot g]tf tyf sfo{stf{sf] ;lqmotf /x]sf] 5 .

egf{ v'Nof] Û egf{ v'Nof] ÛÛ egf{ v'Nof] ÛÛÛ g]kfn g]qHof]lt ;+3 /fKtL cfFvf c:ktfn, t'n;Lk'/–$ bfª / /fKtL k|fljlws lzIffno, nfndl6of bfªsf] ;fem]bf/Ldf CTEVT af6 dfGotf k|fKt # jif{] PCL LEVEL cKyflNds ;fOG; -OA_ k7gkf7g ljut @ jif{b]lv ;~rfng eO{/x]sf] Joxf]/f ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f}+ . ;fy} z}lIfs ;q @)&%÷)&^ sf] nflu oxL ldlt @)&% ;fn cfiff9 !# ut]b]lv @)&% ;fn >fj0f @ ut];Dd egf{ v'n]sfn] OR5's ;Dk"0f{ SEE / SLC k/LIff pQL0f{ u/]sf ljBfyL{ efO / jlxgLx?nfO{ hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . tkl;n != z}lIfs of]Uotf M dfGotf k|fKt lzIf0f ;+:yfaf6 clgjfo{ ul0ft, c+u|]hL / lj1fg ljifo lnO{ SLC jf ;f] ;/xsf] k/LIff pQL0f{ u/]sf] / SEE k/LIffdf ul0ft, c+u|]hL, lj1fg ljifodf C u|]8 k|fKt u/L ;du| GPA Go"gtd @ k|fKt u/]sf] x'g'kg{] 5 . @= kmf/fd ljt/0f ldlt M @)&% cfiff9 !$ ut]b]lv #= kmf/fd a'emfpg] clGtd ldlt M @)&% >fj0f @ ut];Dd $= k|j]z k/LIff x'g] ldlt M @)&% >fj0f !( ut] zlgaf/ ljxfg & ah]b]lv %= k/LIff x'g] :yfg M /fKtL k|fljlws lzIffno nfndl6of, bfª ^= ;L6 ;+Vof M $) hgf dfq /fKtL k|fljlws lzIffnodf ;~rflnt cGo sfo{qmdx? s_ l8Knf]df Og l;len OlGhlgol/ª -;+Vof $* hgf_ v_ l8Knf]df Og PlgdN; ;fOG; -;+Vof $) hgf_ u_ l8Knf]df Og KnfG6 ;fOG; -;+Vof $) hgf_ yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu ;Dks{

/fKtL k|fljlws lzIffno nfndl6of, g]kfn g]qHof]lt ;+3, /fKtL cFFvf c:ktfn t'n;Lk'/–$, bfª, kmf]g g+= )*@–%@)#@@, %@)!^% bfª, kmf]g g+= )*@–$!#))@

o; klqsfsf k|wfg ;Dkfbs ;'lgns'df/ kf]vn |] xfn} ;DkGg PDg]i 6L OG6/g]Z gn g]kfn ;d"x ^^ bfªsf] @@ cf} ;fwf/0f;efaf6 ;lrj kbdf / klqsfsf z'elrGtsx? df]xg :j0f{sf/ ;+of]hsdf, s]jL rf}w/L pk;+of]hsdf, k'0f{ 8f+uL ;x–;lrjdf, /]zd v8\sf sf]iffWoIf / ;b:ox?df afdb]j ;fksf]6f, dfof kf08] lgo'Qm x'g'ePsf]df ;kmn sfo{sfnsf] z'esfdgf ;lxt xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{} pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}+ .

;fIfL va/ klqsf kl/jf/, lahf}/L,bfª Ps k6s k|of]u ug'x{ f]; ;w}n + fO{ 9'Ss x'gx' f]; Û ljut nfdf] ;do b]lv 5'§} klxrfg agfPsf] hgljZjf; s+lqm6 pBf]u k|f=nL=df 3/lgdf{0fsf nflu ljleGg ;fO{hsf s'6]sf] lu§L, wf]Psf] jfn'jf cfjZos kg]{ j]; / lrK; cflb ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 .

Ps sn kmf]g ug'x{ f]; xfdL tkfO{sf] :yfgd} ;fdfu|L k'¥ofO lbG5f}+. d]g]h/ ljsf; 8fF u L -df]= (*$$(!%&*$_

;j{z'ne plrt bfd u'0f:t/df xfd|f] zfg

:6f]/ ls k/ ljgf l8=;L= df]= (*^^*&)!^(

hgljZjf; s+lqm6 pBf]u k|f= ln= lahf}/L–^, u'xf/vf]nf, bfª

kmf]g g+= )*@–^(!!@&


;fKtflxs

;fIfL va/ klqsf

@)&% c;f/ @& ut] a'waf/

%

u|fld0fdf a}l+ sª ;]jf lbPsf 5f}+ M /fjt @)&$ ;fn a}zfv @@ ut] b]lv uf]vf{h kmfO{gfG; ln=sf] zfvf :yfkgf ePsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do a}s + tyf ljQLo ;+:yfx? ahf/ s]lGb|t eP, eGg] u'gf;f] Jofks cfpg yfn]sf] 5 . t/ uf]vf{hn] u|fld0f If]qsf gful/snfO{ ;]jf lbg] p2]Zon] lahf}/Ldf zfvf ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . lahf}/Ldf zfvf :yfkgf ePsf] Ps jif{ k'/f eO{;s]sf] 5 . Ps jif{;Dd ePsf ultljlwsf af/]df zfvf k|dv ' /fd axfb'/ /fjt;+u xfdLn] s'/fsfgL u/]sf 5f} + . –;Dkfbs uf]vf{ kmfO{gfG;sf sfdx? s]s] x'g < – k|b]z gDa/ % sf tLg j6f zfvf dWo lahf}/Lsf] Pp6f zfvf xf] . o;af6 xfdLn] a}+sn] ug]{ ;a} sfdx? u5f} { . nufgL ug],{ lwtf], shf{ lng], l8kf]lh6 /fVg] sfd oxfFaf6 x'G5g\ . kmfO{gfG;sf] d'Vo p2]Zo s] xf] < – a}s + tyf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] Pp6f dfq} p2]Zo s] xf] eg] /fli6«o pTkfbg ug]{ . xfdL g]kfn /fi6« a}+ssf] gLltcg';f/ rNg] ePsfn] /fi6« a}+ssf] p2]Zo cg'?k rNg' kg]{ x'G5 . csf]{ tkm{ xfd|f] a}+ssf] p2]Zo u|fld0f tyf a}+ssf] kx'Fr eGbf aflx/ /x]sf gful/snfO{ ;]jf lbg] klg p2]Zo xf] . hf] a}+s s:tf] x'G5 eGg] yfxf ;d]t kfPsf 5}gg\, pgLx?nfO{ ;]jf lbg] xfd|f] a}+ssf] p2]Zo xf] . clxn] w]/} a}+sx? ;'uddf dfq} cjl:yt 5g\ . cfd hgtfsf] kx'Frdf 5}gg\ . sfo{If]q s'g s'g 7fpF k5{ < – d]/f] oxLaf6 && j6} lhNnf xf] . d}n] oxLaf6 klg && j6} lhNnfsf] lwtf] lng kfp5' . kmfO{gfG; eg]kl5 cfddflg;df ufl8x?df dfq} nufgL 5 eGg] a'emfO{ 5 < – vf;u/L xfd|f] a'emfO{ km/flsnf] x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . kmfO{gfG;x?nfO{ dfO{qmf] kmfO{gfG;;Fu bfFh]/ o:tf] a'emfO{ x'g uPsf] 5 . af:tfjdf Tof] xf]O{g,\ xfdL uf]vf{ 8]enkd]G6 / sf7df8f} kmfO{gfG; dh{ eP/ xfdLn] uf]vf{h a}+s agfPsf xf}+ . t/ xfdL rflxF l;w} /fi6« a}+ssf] lgu/fgLdf /xG5f}+, lsgsL xfdL /fi6« a}+saf6 dfGotf k|fKt xf}+ . lahf}/Laf6 ;]jf lbg yfn]sf] Ps jif{ eof], of] aLrdf slt nufgL ePsf] 5 < – xfdLn] vf;u/L 3/ shf{, Joj;fo shf{, JolQmut shf{df nufgL x'g] u/]sf] 5 . klxnf rflxF s]Gb|Lo sfof{noaf6 @$ s/f]8 lyof] nufgL ePsf] lyof] . clxn] oxfF ePkl5 ! jif{df @ s/f]8 #) nfv;Dd nufgL ug{ ;kmn ePsf 5f}+ . of] cjlwdf sl/a rf/ s/f]8 hlt lgIf]k ;+sng ePsf] 5 . s'gdf a9L nufgL ug'{ePsf] 5 < – xfdLn] ;a}eGbf a9L 3/ shf{df nufgL u/]sf 5f} + . xfdLn] kfFr nfv b]lv !) nfv;Ddsf] C0f lbg] u/]sf 5f} + . ;a}eGbf a9L xfdLn] u|ld0f If]qsf gful/sf] cfly{s cj:yf psf:gsf nflu ToxLcg';f/ nufgL ug]{ u/]sf 5f}+ . C0f lng a}+ssf] k|lqmof emGeml6nf] 5, eGg] ul/G5 gL < – Pp6f pvfg 5 …l9nf] xf];\ t/ yf]/} xf];\Ú . xfdLn] hf]lvd df]n]/ l56f] l56f] vf]H5f}+ . t/ To;f] ug{' xfd|f nflu g} hf]lvd 5 . To;}n] xfdLn] ;'/lIft / e/kbf]{ tl/sf/n] a}s + af6 sf/f]af/f] ug]{ afgL a;fNg' k5{ . a}s + n] sfuhL k|lqmof k'¥ofP/ dfq} C0f lbG5 . To;df emGem6

dfGg' kg]{ cj:yf 5}g\ . xfdLn] l56f] lng] gfddf hf]lvd df]lnof}+ eg] xfdL cfkm}nfO{ ufx|f] x'G5 . xfdLn] hgtfs} k};fnfO{ rnfPsf] xf] . To;sf] ;xL ;b'kof]u xf];,\ l7s 7fpdf hfcf]; / hgtfsf] k};f b'?kof]u gxf]; eg]/ sfuhL k|lqmof k'¥ofpg'nfO{ emGem6 dfGg' x'bF }g \ . sfuhL k|lqmof k'ud] f hf]lvd klg x'Fb}g\, eg] /fli6«o cy{tGqdf klg ;3fp x'G5 . a}+ssf] zfvf lahf}/Ldf :yfkgf ePsf] Ps aif{ eof], o;sf] k|efj s:tf] 5 < – l5NnLsf]6df of]eGbf cufl8 s;}n] klg nufgL u/]sf] lyPg\, xfdLn] zfvf vf]nk] l5 ToxfF xfdLn] nufgL u/]sf 5f}+ . ToxfFsf] ko{6gsf] ljsf;sf nflu xfdLn] nufgL u/]sf 5f} + . of]eGbf cufl8 l5NnLsf]6sf] ljsf;sf nflu s;}n] klg nufgL u/]sf] lyPgg\ . k|To]s 7fpFsf] cfkm\gf] klxrfg x'G5 . sf7d8f}+sf] gu/sf]6nfO{ ko{6sLo uGtJosf] s]Gb| agfpg ;S5f}+ eg] l5NnLsf]6nfO{ lsg agfpg g;Sg] < o;df xfdLn] nufgL u/]sf 5f}+ . ToxfFsf] ljsf; ePdf dfq} ToxfFsf gful/ssf] hLjg:t/ dfly p7\g] xf], To;}n] hgtfsf] hLjg:t/ psf:gsf nflu v'n]sf a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfn] To;tf] If]qdf nufgL u'gk{ 5{ . w]/} oxfFsf gful/snfO{ a}lsª ;]jf lbg ;kmn ePsf 5f} + . a}l+ sª If]q wgf9\osf] nflu dfq} xf], eGg] xf]Og{ ,\ a}s + ;a} g]kfnL hgtfsf nflu xf] . afv|f kfng, ufO{kfngnufot ljleGg Joj;flos If]qdf nufgL ub}{ cfPsf 5f}+ . a}+s tyf ljQLo If]qsf r'gf}tL s] 5g\ < – a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfx?aLrsf] c:j:y k|lt:kwf{ g} xfd|f] d'Vo r'gf}tL xf] . gfkmf ;a}nfO{ rflxG5 t/ ;]jf lbP/ gfkmf lng'k5{ . /fd|f] ;]jf lbP/ gfkmf lng'k5{ . ;]jfnfO{ ;+VofTds ?kdf ljsf; ug'{k5{ . !) hgfnfO{ lbg] ;]jfnfO{ la:tf/ u/]/ Ps;o k'¥ofpg' k5{ . To;f] ug{ ;lsof] eg] !) ?k}+of cfpg] 7fpFaf6 Ps;o ?k}ofF cfp5 . t/ ;]jfu|fxL !) hgfeGbf a9fpg g;Sg] / ToxL ;]jfu|fxLaf6 Ps ;o ?k}Fof p7fpg vf]Hg] k|j[lQ of] d'Vo r'gf}tL xf] . lgIf]k tfGg c:j:y k|lt:kwf{ eO{/x]sf] 5 . s'g} a}+sn] !@ k|ltzt, s'g} a}+sn] !% k|ltzt Jofhdf sf/f]af/ ug{] k|rng 5, o;nfO{ Ps?ktf Nofpg' k5{ . a}+sdf slt k|sf/sf vftf 5g\ < – a}+sdf v;u/L tLg k|sf/sf dfq} vftf x'G5g\ . lt x'g\, M art, rNtL / d'4tL . t/ a}+scg';f/ km/s km/s x'G5g\ . h:t} xfdLn] clxn] afn art, gf/L art, h]i7 gful/s art / ufvf{ k]G;gsf] ;]jf lbPsf 5f}+ . ca JolQmut s'/f u/f}+, xh'/n] a}ls8 If]qdf k|j]z u/]sf] slt

x]Ny sg{/===

o:tf 5g\ laxfg % ldg]6 nfdf] Zjf; lng'sf kmfObf

Zjf;k|Zjf; Pp6f clgolGqt k|lqmof xf] . Zjf; km]g{ xfdLnfO{ s'g} yk phf{ vr{ ug{'kb}{g . t/, /fd|f];Fu Zjf;k|Zjf; lnPdf o;n] :j:y dfq agfpFb}g dflg;nfO{ bL3{hLlj klg agfpF5 . laxfg % ldg]6 hlt nfdf] Zjf; lng] 5f8\g] ug{'k5{ . o;/L ul/g] Zjf;k|Zjf; Jofofodsf s]xL kmfObf o; k|sf/ 5g\ M tgfjd'Qm agfpF5 M ulx/f] Zjf;n] zl//df clS;hgsf] k|afx a9fp5 / tgfa, lrGtf / qf; 36fpF5 . zl//sf] ljif kmflnlbG5 M Zjf;k|Zjf;af6 dflg;sf] zl//af6 &) k|ltzt eGbf a9L v/fa tTj lgisfzg ul/lbG5 . lbdfunfO{ zfGt agfOlbG5M cTolws tgfa / lrGtfn] ljleGg …uÚ nfO{g t'N;Lk'/–%, bfª :jf:Yo ;d:of pTkGg x'G5 . ulx/f] Zjf; lnFbf lbdfudf clS;hgsf] kmf]g g+=+ )*@–%@@$*), (*%&*@#^*%, cfk"tL{ a9fpF5 / lrGtfsf] dfqf (*%&*@#*(&, (*$(!$@*(* 36\g'sf ;fy} zl//nfO{ cfgGb / k|f=] Zofd axfb'/ s]=;L= k|km'Nn agfpF5 . cGo c+ u nfO{ klg ;xof] u M xfdL sxfF l;d]G6, 58, h:tfkftf, /ª/f]uª, afy?d ulx/f] Zjf; k|Zjf;sf] Jofofdn] d'6', k]6, lne/, ;fgf cfGbfnfO{ d;fh lkml6ªsf ;fy} 3/ lgdf{0f ;DalGw ;Dk"0f{ ;fdfg yf]s tyf km'6s/ d"Nodf ljlqm ul/G5 . ul/lbG5 / tL c+udf /Qmk|afx ul/lbG5 .

 

eof] < – d a}l+ sª If]qdf k|j]z u/]sf] !@ jif{ eof] . d}n] z'?df tNnf] txaf6 sfd z'? u/]sf] x' F . clxn] zfvf k|d'vsf ?kdf sfd ul//x]sf] 5' . k|d'vsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{sf nflu tNnf] txaf6 sfd klg l;s]sf] x'g'k5{ . cgL Joj:yfkgdf ;xh x'G5 . !@ jif{sf] cg'ejg ;'gfpg' kbf{ < – !@ jif{ /dfO{n} tl/sfn] laTof] . aLraLrdf s]xL pQf/r9fk eP klg ;du|df /dfO{nf] / /fd|f] eof] . k]zf k|lt lgs} ;Gt'i6 5' . a}lsª If]qdf sfd ug]{x?sf] JolQmTj g} Pp6f ;Gt'li6sf] kIf xf] . gofF dfG5];+u lrghfg x'G5, s;}sf] ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ kfpbf d cfkm} ;Gt'i6 x'G5' . d}n] sd;{ k9\g'sf] sf/0f klg a}+s/ aGgnfO{ g} xf] . ;dfGo ?kdf kl/lrt x'gnfO{ o;n] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x u5{ . a}lsª\ If]qdf o'jfx?sf] cfs{if0f a9\g'sf] sf/0f < – ca sfd ug]{ eg]sf] gofF k':tfn] xf] . x/]s If]q :df6{ aGb} uO{ /x]sf] 5 . a}+lsª If]qdf klg :df6{ eO{/x]sf] 5 . k|ljlwd}qL aGb} uO{/x]sf] 5 . O{dfGbf/Lk"j{s sfd ug]{ xf] eg] eljio /fd|f] 5 . To;sf nflu cfkm'df cfTdljZjf;, O{R5f zlQm x'g'k5{ . cGtdf s]xL eGg' 5 < – xfdLn] Ps jif{;Dd hlt ;]jf k|bfg ug{ ;kmn ePsf 5f}+ . cfpFbf lbgdf cem} kl/:s[t u/]/ Nf}hfg] 5f} + . w]/} hgtfsf] dfof kfO{Psf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ ;]jf k|bfg ug{ emg} xf};nf ldn]sf] 5 . s]xL sdhf]/L ePdf cfpFbf lbgdf o;nfO{ cem} ;RrfP/ cufl8 a9\g] 5f}+ . xfdLn] w]/} 7"nf] ;f]Fr agfP/ oxfF cfPsf 5f}+ . o;sf nflu o; bfªaf;Lsf] ;fy clgjfo{ 5 . xfd|f] p2]Zo ;]jf lbg] g} xf] . Ps jif{ ;'vb /Xof] . cfpFbf lbgdf ;]jf k|efjsf/L agfpg] ljifodf kxn yfNg] 5f}+ .

ca :ju{åf/LnfO{ ;w}+ ;Demg'x ' f];\ Û bfªsf] klxnf] o; l:qmg KnfG6df 3/lgdf{0fsf nflu ljleGg ;fO{hsf s'6]sf] lu§L, wf]Psf] jfn'jf, Ans O§f tyf ljleGg ;fOhsf Xofd kfOk, ljB'tsf kf]n, jfplG8ª kf]nx? ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 .

bfªsf] klxnf] qm;/ pBf]u

oxfF lu§L km'6fP/ wf]Psf] klg kfOG5 . lszf]/ Gof}kfg] /lj la=;L= -d]gh] /_ df]=(*%&*@@#@( df]=(*$&*()@@% df]=(*%&*@!@%! kmf]g g+= )*@–$)))!@

wgk|;fb ;fksf]6f lab'/ sfsL{ df]=(*%&*@!)#(

:ju{åf/L l:qmg KnfG6 k|f=ln= lahf}/L–$, x]dGtk'/ -;+u|fdvf]nf_, bfª

:ju{åf/L Xofd\ kfOk k|f=ln= dfgk'/–&, jgs§L, bfª

    

608g 6]8 « ;{

g]kfn ;/sf/

;~rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|ljlw dGqfno ;"rgf tyf k|zf/0f ljefu


n]v÷ ljrf/

;fKtflxs

;fIfL va/ klqsf

@)&% c;f/ @& ut] a'waf/

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snf – lgdf{tf 5lj/fh cf]emf / gflosf lzNkf kf]v/]nljr k|d] /x]sf] s'/f t gf}nf] ePg . t/, ljut s]xL ;dob]lv g]kfnL ldl8ofdf oL b'Osf] lax] ePsf] va/ ;d]t ;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf] 5 . t/, oL b'On] cfkm"x? lax]sf] tof/Ldf /x]sf] t/ lax] gePsf] atfpFb} klg cfPsf 5g\ . t/, gflosf /]vf yfkfn] eg] oL b'Osf] ;DaGwsf] af/]df gofF v'nf;f ul/lbPsL l5g\ . Ps :dfl/sdf n]v n]Vb} /]vfn] eg]sL l5g\–…s'g} ;do d}n] nufpg] ;6{, :s6{, 5lj cf]emf;Fusf] k|]d / a} a flxs ;DaGw, To;kl5sf] l8ef];n { ] ldl8ofdf v'a :yfg kfof] . klAns lkmu/ ePsfn] d]/f] hLjgsf ultljlwdf kf7s / bz{ssf] rfv x'G5 . t/, Ol/6]6 ToxfFg/] nfU5, ha dnfO{ 5lj cf]emf;Fu clxn]

!3/fo;Ls:tf]kz'kfngsf] 5 cj:yf < s]

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Jofkf/ Joj;fo g} /f]Hg'sf] d'Vo sf/0f rflxF :j/f] h uf/ clg cfTdlge{/tfsf] e/kbf]{ k]zf 7fg]/ xf] c? k]zf eGbf s]xL ;/n / :jtGq ePsf]n] xf] . cfkm\gf] OR5f / km';{bn] ug{ kfpg] / cfkm\g} ufpF 7fFpdf kgL a;]/ ug{ ldNg] ePsf]n] of] k]zfnfO{ c+ufn]sf] x'F clxn];Dd ;Gt'li6 g} 5' .

k l g hf] l 8G5 . hasL, l8ef];{ eP/ pxfFn] lzNkf kf] v /] n ;Fu lax] u/]sf] b'O{ aif{ eO;Sof] .Ú /]vfn] of] s' / fdf ldl8ofn] cfkm" d fly lje]b u/]sf] atfOg\ . pgn], h;n] l j j f x ul/;Sof] p;nfO{ p;sf] j}jflxs hLjgsf] af/]df ;f]Wbf x'G5 gL eGb} k6s–k6s ddfly g} lsg k|xf/ eg]/ k|Zg u/]sL l5g\ . /]vfn]

s] kfNg' e Psf] 5 3/df <

#s] ug{Joj;fonfO{ l6sfO{/xg 'knf{ <

Jofkf/ Joj;fonfO{ l6sfO /fVg nfO{ cfkm\gf] d]xgt / nuglzntf sf] ;fydf ;/sf/L lgsfosf] klg vfFrf] / dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf x'G5, x/]s b]zsf] cy{tGqdf Jofkf/ Joj;fo / pBf]u sf/vfgfsf] ljz]if e"ldsf x'G5 To;}n] ;/sf/L kIfaf6 pBf]uL Joj;foLx?nfO{ ;/n C0f k| j fx / Go" g s/ k| 0 ffnLsf] cfjZostf x'G5 cfly{s ;'ljwf / jfl0fHo ;'ljwf ;Fu};Fu} ;'ne Jofhdf cfly{s C0fsf] cfjZostf x'g hfG5, u/]sf] Jofkf/ clg rfn" k"h + Lsf] cfwf/df lagf emGem6 shf{ pknAw u/fpg'k5{ .

3/fo;L kz'kfngsf] cj:yf clxn] hl6n aGb} uO/x]sf] 5 . r/0fsf] cefjn] ubf{ j:t'efp kfNg sl7g x'Fb}5 . 3/fo;L s[l ifkfngdf clxn] b ] l vP sf ;d :of n] c em } s[ i fsx?nfO{ lg?T;flxt agfpFb}5 . 3/df clxn] !@÷!# j6f afv|f clg Pp6f e}+;L kfln/x]sL 5' .

w]/} 5g\ . s;/L x'sf{pg] s;/L a9fpg] oL ofjt r'gf}tLx? 3/fo;L kz'kfngdf 5g\ .

@s:tf3/fo;L kz' k fngdf ;d:ofx? 5g\ < # 3/fo;L kz' k fngsf clg s:tf] r'g f}t Lx? 5g\< nflu ;/sf/n] s] ul/lbP clxn] ;a}eGbf w]/} ;d:of eg]s} 3/fo;L kz' k fngdf 5g\ . lsgeg] 3/fo;L kz'kfng ;a} ufp:t/Lo x'g] ePsfn]] ufO{, e};L, afv|fx?df s]xL /f]u nfu] t'?Gt} pkrf/ lbg ;lsb}g, To;}u/L v]taf/LeGbf cGo s'g} ljsNk gePsfn] jiff{sf] ;dodf r / 0 f s f ; d : of x ? k l g b]vfkb{5g\ . ca r'gf}tLx? klg

x'G Yof] h:tf] nfU5 <

3/fo;L kz' k fngsf nflu ;/sf/n] w]/} ug{'kg]{ b]lvG5 clxn] x/]s ufpF ufpFdf 3/fo;L kz'kfngsf tflndx? ;~rfng u/]/, ufO{, e}+;L / afv|fx?df /f]u nfUg glbg #÷# dlxgfdf lhNnf l:yt kz' ljefun] ufpF ufpF d f uO{ r]shfFr u/]df /fd|f] x'g] lyof] .

Hof}ltifM d]3/fh cfrfo{ Od]nM jotishmegharaj@yahoo.com df]=g+=M (*$&*&#!$&, (*!@*%##@!, $!!))# e]6\g] ;doM laxfg &–(M#) ah] ;fFem $M#)–)^M#) ah];Dd, lahf}/L, bfª ;"of]{boM )%M @( ;"of{:t M )&M )@

@)&% cfiff9s[i0fkIf qof]bzLltly

cfiff9 @& ut] b]lv >fj0f )! ut];Dd

lzNkf / 5ljn] @ aif{ cufl8 g} lax] u/]sf] v'nf;f ul/lbPkl5 ca 5lj / lzNkf lax] ePsf] 5}g eg]/ eGg] cfwf/ aGb ePsf] 5 .

– cfd?kdf dlGb/df w'kalQ ug]{ tyf km"nk|;fb, blIf0f cflb r9fOG5 . t/ ef/tsf] lxdfrndf Pp6f o:tf] dlGb/ 5, hxfF km"nk|;fb xf]Og, uf8Lsf lalu|Psf kf6k'hf{, gDa/ Kn]6 tyf 3/df /x]sf yf]qf cf}hf/x? nu]/ r9fpg] ul/G5 . of] dlGb/ h+unsf] aLrdf /x]sf] 5 . agzL/f b]jtfnfO{ h+unsf b]jtf elgG5 . of] dlGb/df g t s'g} 5fgf] 5, g t s'g} k'hf/L g} . t/ o;sf] lslt{ lgs} b"/;Dd 5 . yf]qfdf]qf lrh r9fpgsf nflu 6f9f 6f9faf6 dflg;x? of] dlGb/df wfpF5g\ . k'hf/Lx?sf cg';f/ dflg;x?n] ;lbof}F b]lv of] dlGb/df 3/sf k"/fgf cf}hf/x? r9fpg] u/]sf 5g\ . ;do laTb} hfFbf dflg;x?n] uf8Lsf kf6k'hf{ / gDa/ Kn]6;Dd dlGb/df

a]ns'df/L k'g, laut nfdf] ;dob]lv 3/fo;L kz'kfng ub}{ hLljsf rnfpb} cfpg' ePsL t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf !* lgjf;L k'g;+u ul/Psf] s'/fsfgL ;fIfL ax;df .

r9fpg yfn] . o;/L uf8Lsf kf6k'hf{ tyf 3/sf cf}hf/x? dlGb/df r9fpgfn] eujfgsf] s[kfb[li6 /xg] / s'g} ;+s6 gcfpg] cfd ljZjf; /x]sf] 5 . uf8Lsf] s'g} kf6k'hf{ af/Daf/ lau|]/ b'v lbO/x]df Psk6s lau|s ] f] kf6k'hf{ nu]/ dlGb/df r9fpg] / To;kl5 uf8L dd{t u/]df uf8L nfdf] ;do;Dd glau|g] ljZjf; ul/G5 . Ph]G;L

@& ut] M lxDdt ug{ g;Sbf of]hgf sfof{Gjog gx'g ;S5 . @& ut] M c¿sf sfddf ;do laTg ;S5. @* ut] M sfdsf] ;Gbe{df zlQmzfnL JolQmx¿;Fu k|lt:kwf{ x'g]. @* ut] M pkrf/df vr{ x'g] of]u 5. @( ut] M ljj]sn] sfd lng] k|oTg ug{'xf]nf . @( ut] M ;xof]uLx¿n] ;fy lbg]5g\ / cf+lzs ;kmntf ldNg]5. #) ut] M jfbljjfbdf kl/g] of]u ePsfn] ljrf/nfO{ tf}n]/ af]Ng' . #) ut] M cf; df/]sf] sfd aGgfn] pT;fx hfUg]5. t' n f d]if #! ut] M a'l4sf] pkof]un] w]/}nfO{ cfˆgf] kIfdf lng ;lsg]5 . #! ut] M c:j:ytfsf afah'b lhDd]jf/L eg] ylkg]5g\. -r'= r]= rf]= #@ ut] M c¿sf] e/kbf{ sfd /f]lsg ;S5 . -/f= /L= ?= nf= nL= n'= /]= /f]= tf= #@ ut] M cfF6]sf] sfd ;dodf ug{ g;lsPnf. n]= nf]= c=_ )! ut] M w}o{;fy lg/Gt/sf] k|oTgn] sfddf kmfObf x'g]5 . tL= t"= t]==_ )! ut] M Jofj;fodf vr{ a9\g]5. @& ut] M cfDbfgL k|z:t} a9\g]5. cfltYok"0f{ ;Ddfg kfOPnf. @& ut] M :jflbi6 ef]hgsf] cfgGb ;d]t kfOPnf. @* ut] M k|]dsf] aGwg sl;g] a]nf 5. @* ut] M d]xgt ubf{ hLjg z}nLdf kl/jt{g Nofpg ;lsg]5. @( ut] M bfDkTo hLjg ;'vb tyf ;d[4 aGg] b]lvG5. @( ut] M cfsif{s pkxf/ xftnfuL x'g ;S5. pkof]u ubf{ cln ;fjwfgL ckgfpg'xf]nf. j[if #) ut] M ljlzi6 JolQmTj;Fusf] e]63f6n] cfTdljZjf; a9fpg]5. j[lZrs #)#! ut]ut] M M cln;jf/L;fwg afWotfsf sfddf h'6\g'knf{. -tf]= gf= gL= -O= p= P= #! ut] M /f]lsPsf sfd ;Dkfbg x'g]5g\. g"= g]= gf]= #@ ut] M lbg dgf]/~hgk"0f{ /xg]5. cf]= jf= jL= #@ ut] M kfl/jfl/s hd36df dg /dfpg]5. of= oL= o'=_ )! ut] M s]xL ljjfbdf ;d]t kl/g] of]u 5. j'= j]= jf]=_ )! ut] M lbuf] cfDbfgL x'g] sfd km]nf kfg{ ;lsg]5. @& ut] M cy{cefj vl6\sgfn] alg;s]sf] sfd lau|g ;S5 @& ut] M clwsf/ ;'/Iff ug{ h'6\g'kg]{5. @* ut] M 6f9fsf] ofqf ug]{ k|lqmof cl3 a9\g ;S5. @* ut] M Jofkf/–Joj;fodf /fd|f] kmfObf p7fpg g;lsPnf. @( ut] M sfddf nufgL ug]{ cj;/ h'6\g ;S5. @( ut] M cfF6]sf sfddf afwf k'of{pg]x¿ k|z:t} x'g]5g\. #) ut] M r' g f} t Lx¿ kG5fpF b } /f] l sPsf sfd klg agfpg ;lsg] 5 . a9\g]5. ldy'g #! ut] M 5/–l5d]sdf c;dembf/L a9g ;s5 .\ wg' #)#! ut]ut] MM zq'kmh'xn¿ a9\vr{gfn]klg;d:of ylkg ;S5g\. -sf= sL= s'= -o]= of]= ef= #@ ut] M s] x L r' g f} t Lx¿ klg b] v f kg{ ;S5g\. 3= ª= 5= #@ ut] M kmfObfsf kl5 nfUbf ;fyLefO 6fl9g ;S5g\. eL= e"= e= s]=sf]= xf=_ )! ut] M xf]l;of/L;fy sfd lng'xf]nf. kmf= 9f= e]=_ )! ut] M ;xof]usf gfddf 7uLdf kl/g] of]u 5. @& ut] M :jf:Yo klg sdhf]/ aGg ;S5. @& ut] M 7"n} k|oTg ubf{ ;fdfGo kmfObf x'g]5. @* ut] M cfˆgf] d]xgtaf6 c¿n] kmfObf p7fpg] sf]l;; ug]{5g\. @* ut] M cfhsf] nfef+z ;~ro gx'g ;S5. @( ut] M sdhf]/ dfgl;stfn] kl5 kl/g]5. @( ut] M ;/;fk6df wg vr{ x'g] ;do 5. ultnfO{ k5\ofpg] k|oTg ug{'xf]nf. #) ut] M cfDbfgL laufg] { x ¿ ;lqmo /xnfg\ . ss{6 #! ut] M >dsf] plrt d"No gldNg ;S5. ds/ #)#! ut]ut] M M a';dosf] l4sf] pkof]un] nIo klxNofpg ;lsg]5. -xL= x'= x]= -ef]= hf= hL= #@ ut] M dg ePsfx¿n] ;tfpg ;S5g\. xf]= 8f= l8= #@ ut] M cj;/ cfP klg df}sfdf nfe p7fpg g;lsPnf. vL= v"=, v]= 8'= 8]= 8f]=_ )! ut] M vr{sf] dfqf a9\g]5. kl/l:yltn] lgliqmo agfpg ;S5. vf]= uf= uL=_ )! ut] M nugzLntfn] /fd|} pknlAw lbnfpg]5. @& ut] M k'/fgf] ultn] klg sfd lau|g ;S5. @& ut] M c¿sf] ljZjf;df kbf{ cGTodf wf]sf x'g ;S5. @* ut] M klxn]sf ;Demf}tf tf]8\g'kg]{ cfjZostf kg{ ;S5. @* ut] M k|oTg ubf{ k|ltli7t sfd ug]{ df}sf 5. @( ut] M c¿sf] e/kbf{ sfd /f]lsg ;S5. @( ut] M c¿nfO{ k|efljt kf/]/ sfd agfpg] ;do 5. lbuf] of]hgfsf ;fy cl3 a9\bf nfe ldNg]5. #) ut] M ;fdflhs sfdsf] bfloTj a9\g]5. s'De #)#! ut]ut] MM c¿sf] l;+x ;'emfj lz/f]wfo{ ubf{ kmfObf x'g]5. -df= dL= d"= #! ut] M sfddf dfGohgsf] ;xof]u k|fKt x'g]5. -u"= u]= uf]= #@ ut] M a] ; / ' df sfd ug]{ afgLn] d]xgt v]/ hfg]5. d]= df]= 6f= #@ ut] M pT;fxdf cln sdL cfpnf. ;f= ;L= ;"= 6L= 6"= 6]=_ )! ut] M cgfjZos vr{ eg] a9\g ;S5. ;]= ;f]= b=_ )! ut] M crn ;DklQsf] pkof]uaf6 nfe p7fpg ;lsg]5. @& ut] M s[lif tyf kz'kfngdf vr{ a9\g]5. @& ut] M :jf:Yodf eg] sdhf]/L cg'ej x'g]5. @* ut] M kl/l:yltcg';f/ rNg g;Qmf b'Mv kfOg]5. @* ut] M ;fgfltgf sfddf cNemg'kbf{ d'Vo sfddf cj/f]w x'g]. @( ut] M ;xof]uLx¿n] klg ljkIfLnfO{ ;fy lbg ;S5g\. @( ut] M cfzf b]vfpg]x¿sf] e/kbf{ wf]sf x'g ;S5. #) ut] M cflh{t wg vr{ x'g ;S5. #) ut] M r' g f} t Lk" 0 f{ sfdsf] bfloTj lngfn] w] / } kl/>d ug' k { g] { . dLg sGof #! ut] M ;xof]uL h'6fpg g;lsPnf. -bL, b", y, #! ut] M sfddf r'gf}tL b]lvPnfg\. -6f]= k= kL= em, `, b], #@ ut] M bfDkTodf z+sf / c;dembf/L a9\g ;S5. k"= if= 0f= #@ ut] M wd{df >4f / k/f]ksf/df dg hfg]5. bL, r, rL_ )! ut] M cfˆg} k|of;n] sfddf nfe ldNg]5. 7= k]= kf]=_ )! ut] M cfF6]sf sfd k"/f geP klg cf+lzs kmfObf x'g].

t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !*sf] cg'/f]w Û ca tkfO{sf] /f]hfO{sf] kfgL cf/f]Uo===Û cfhsf jfnjflnsf b]zsf s0ff{wf/ x'g, To;}n] jfnjflnsfx?nfO{ plrt lzIff lbcf}+ . cg'/f]wsM

t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !*, x]dGtk'/, bfª

…;j{;'ne plrt bfd, u'0f:t/df xfd|f] zfgÚ

k|zf]lwt lkpg] kfgL



t'n;Lk'/–!&, bfª,

df]= (*$&*#@%!),kmf]g g+= )*@–$)))^%_


;fKtflxs

clGtd kftf]

;fIfL va/ klqsf t'n;Lk'/=====

;d]t atfP . ;f] cj;/df af]Nb} t'n;Lk'/ pBf]u jfl0fHo ;3+sf lgj{tdfg cWoIf ladn l/hfnn] 6l/ufpF Po/kf]6{sf] :t/pGglt / ahf/df /x]sf 5f8f rf}kfPsf] klg pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] ljif]z Wofg h?/L /x]sf] atfP . sfo{ q mddf ;3L+o OsfO{ sfof{nosf P;P;kL lblnks'df/ rf}w/L, g]kfnL sfu|+; ] sf g]tf ;'/]G› v8\sf, g]skfsf jl/i7 g]t f ;f] ef/fd a:g]t , l6sf/fd v8\sf, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;3+ bfªsL ;x;lrj ;ld{nf l8;L, /fKtL aaO{ SofDk;sf k|d'v nId0f /]UdL, s[ifs t'n;f a'9f nufotn] dGtJo JoQm u/] s f lyP . t' n ;Lk' / pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf k| zf;sLo clws[ t cfgGb ;f?sf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 ;'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f a;Gt cfrfo{n] u/]sf lyP .

gfd dfq}sf===== ;k{b+z s]G› :yfkgf ug]{ ul/ k|lqmof cufl8 a9fPsf] 5 . b]pv'/L If]qdf ;k{b+zsf la/fdL w]/} x'g] ePsfn] csf]{ ;k{b+zsf] pkrf/ s]Gb| :yfkgf ug]{ tof/L yflnPsf] b]pv'/L pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf /Tgk|;fb >]i7n] atfP . ndxL c:ktfnsf] dftxtdf /xg] u/L s] G › ;~rfngsf] tof/L u/]sf] To;sf 5 . pQm s] G b| s f] nflu sl/a @)÷@% nfv /sd nfUg] cWoIf >]i7n] atfP . t/ bfªdf ;k{sf] 6f]sfO{af6 slt la/fdL k|efljt x'G5g\, o; af/]df s'g} klg lgsfo hfgsf/ 5}gg\ . lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{ n o bfªdf klg To;sf] tYofª\s 5}g\ . lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{ n o bfªsf lgldQ k| d v k|sfzs'df/ of]uLsfcg';f/ clxn] ;Dd s'g } klg lgsfon] o;sf] tYofª\s g/fv]sf] atfP . lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{non] la/fdLsf]

bz pTs[i6 ls;fg ;Ddflgt t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] bz hgf pTs[i6 ls;fgnfO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . ;f]daf/ sfo{sfn Ps jif{ k' / f ePsf] cj;/kf/L pkdxfgu/n] gu/sf bzhgf pTs[i6 ls;fgnfO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf] xf] . kz'kfng tkm{ / s[lif pkh tkm{ ;Ddflgt ;a} s[ ifsnfO{ k|df0f kq ;lxt hgxL ;ft xhf/ gub k| b fg ul/Psf] lyof]   . kz'kfng tkm{ e}+;L kfn]/ b}lgs %) ln6/ b"w pTkfbg ub}{ cfPsf t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !( ;+qmfddf z'enIdL kz'kI+ fL kmd{sf ;~rfns xl/axfb'/ /f]sf, ufO{sf] b"w a]r]/ dfl;s Psnfv ;Dd art ub}{ cfPsf t'n;Lk'/ ^ uf] nf} /fdf ;fxf/f kz'kfng ;+3sf ;~rfns rG›axfb'/ 8fFuL, (% j6f afv|f kfNb} cfPsf / aflif{s % nfv a9Lsf] cfDbfgL ;+ V of g/x] s f] hgfPsf] 5 . c:ktfnx?n] klg slt la/fdLx?sf] pkrf/ u5{g\ eGg] klg tYof+s 5}g . ;k{af6 s;/L aRg] – t/fO{df udL{ofddf /ftL 6r{ jf aQL afn]/ dfq lxF8\g'k5{, – nfdfnfdf em/kft, 3fF; ePsf] af6f] lxF8\g' x'Gg, – e'OFdf ;'Tg' x'Gg, em'n 6fFu]/ ;'Tg'k5{, – /ftL ;'Tg] a]nfdf cf]5\ofg /fd|/L 6s6Sofpg'k5{, – Ogf/, s'jf jf s'g} Kjfndf xft xfNg' x'Gg, – v'§f 5f]Kg] u/L nfdf] n'uf, h'Qf jf a'6 nufpg'k5{, – h'Qf nufpg' klxn] leq s]xL 5 ls 5}g x]g{'k5{, h'Qfdf ;k{ n's]sf w]/} 36gf kfOPsf 5g\, – 3/jl/kl/ jf v]nd}bfg ;kmf /fVg'k5{,

@)&% c;f/ @& ut] a'waf/

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lhNnf k|zf;g=bfª btf{=g+=%&÷)^*÷)^( lhNnf x'nfs sfof{no=bfª btf{=g+=@)÷)^*÷)^(

ug]{ t'n;Lk'/ # lgjf;L wgaxfb'/ vqL, t'n;Lk''/ * s6s'FO{ofdf %) a9L dfp a+u'/ kfn]/ jfifL{s ?kdf /fd|f] cfDbfgL ub}{ cfPsL wgdftf k' g nfO{ k| d fgkq ;lxt gub /sdn] ;Ddfg ul/Psf] xf] . To;}u/L t/sf/L tyf kmnkm"n v]lt t'n;Lk'/ @ df #) s¶f hldgdf t/sf/L v]tL ub}{ cfPsf h+uaxfb'/ rf}w/L, t'n;Lk'/ ^ df u+ufdfnf Rofpv]t L ;d"x dfkm{t jif] {g L nfvf} + s f] cfDbfgL ub} { cfPsL t'n;Ls'df/L a'9f, t'n;Lk'/ @ df !@% 3f/ dfx'/L kfNb} jif]{gL nfvf}+ cfDbfgL ug{ ;kmn tf/faxfb'/ 8fF uL, t'n;Lk' / # df ;d" xdf t/sf/L v]tL ub}{ jflif{s nfvf}+ cfDbfgL ug{ ;kmn k|]daxfb'/ a'9f / t'n;Lk'/ % df # xhf/ s]/fsf] af]6 nufP/ s]/fv]tL ub}{ cfPsf uf]ljGbk|;fb a:ofnnfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] xf] . – 9'+uf y'k|f] jf sf7–bfp/fsf] rfª rnfpg' cl3 xf]; k'¥ofpg'k5{, – cfkm" a;]sf] If]qdf kfOg] ljiffn' ;k{af/] hfgsf/L /fVg'k5{, ;k{b+zkl5 s] ug]{ cfTdljZjf; sfod /fVg' ; \ , gcflQg';\ . w]/}h;f] ;k{ ljiffn' x'Fb}gg\ . ljiffn' ;k{sf] 8;fO;d]t ;' V vf x' g ] u/] s f] 5 . cyf{ t \ , ljiffn' ;k{ n ] klg ;w} + e l/ dflg;sf] z/L/df ljif 5f]8]sf x'bF g} g\ . sl/a #) b]lv $) k|ltzt ;k{b+z ;'Vvf kfOg] u/]sf] 5 . k|efljt c+unfO{ a9L grnfpg'; \ . gbf}8g' ;\ . hl8a'6L, emf/km's, wfdLemfFqmLdf e/ k/]/ ;do v]/ gkmfNg';\ . t'?Gt PlG6:g]s e]gd pknAw ePsf] :jf:Yo lgsfodf k'Ug';\ . df]6/;fOsndf la/fdLnfO{ a;fP/ :jf:Yo lgsfo nUbf w]/} l56f] k'luG5 . ;k{b+z ePsf] c+udf cfuf]n] 8fDg], r':g] jf sf6\g] sfd gug{';\ .

a]nem'08L vfg]kfgLsf] cToGt h?/L ;"rgf Û a]nem'08L vfg]kfgL cfof]hgfdf /x]sf] t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !( sf] ;'u+ '/ vf]nf l:yt aunf] klg / l/Kn] d"n ;|f]t g} a]nem'08L vfg]kfgLsf] d'Vo ;|f]t xf] . ?lG6u9L ufpFkflnsfsf] l/r], uf]9] If]qdf ;f]gfk'/ l;d]G6 k|f=ln=n] r'g 9'+uf pTvgg\df :sfe]6/ h:tf d]l;gx? k|of]u ul//x]sf] x'Fbf To;af6 cfpg] df6f]sf] n]bf] d'ndf cfpg] qmd eO{/x]sf]n] kfgL k|zf]lwtsf nflu k|of]udf /x]sf] kfgL k|zf]wg s]Gb| ;d]t cj?4 x'Fbf s]xL lbgb]lv wldnf] kfgL cfO{/x]sf]df To; tkm{ ;ldltsf] ulDe/ Wofg cfsif{0f ePsf] 5 . kfgL b"lift gxf];\ eGgsf nflu Snf]l/g kfp8/ ljxfg, ;fFemdf l/hj{jfo/ 6+sLdf /fVg] sfd eO{/x]sf] 5 . tfklg ;a} pkef]Qmf Ho"x? klg o; kl/l:yltdf ;hu /xg 3/df /x]sf] kfgL lkmN6/ k|of]u ub{} kfgL pdfn]/ vfg ;a} pkef]Qmf Ho"x?df xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5' .

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ljZjljBfno cg'bfg cfof]uaf6 z}lIfs u'0f:t/ ;'lglZrttf k|dfl0fs/0f (QAA)sf] k|lqmofdf ;dfj]z ePsf] tyf lahg]; :s'n /]l6ª ¥ofª\lsª cjf8{ @)!* åf/f / k|fb]lzs:t/df ;Ddflgt /fKtL aaO{ SofDk;, t'n;Lk'/–!@, bfªdf z}lIFs ;q @)&%÷)&^ sf nflu sIff !! df egf{ dfgljsL -laxfgL ;q_ Jofj:yfkg, lzIffzf:q / lj1fg lzIff -lbjf ;q_ tkm{ egf{ v'ns ] f] Joxf]/f ;Dk"0f{ cleefjs tyf ljBfyL{x?df ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . ldlt @)&% ;fpg ! ut]bl] v sIff ;~rfng x'g] ePsfn] ;dodf g} egf{ u/L cfkm\gf] l;6 ;'/lIft ug{ cg'/f]w 5, . k9fO x'g] P]lR5s ljifox? M  Joj:yfkg ;d"xtkm{ M cy{zf:q, PsfpG6, kmfOgfG;÷ljhg]; :6l8h  dfgljsLsf] ;d"xtkm{ M c+uh ]| L, g]kfnL, ;dfhzf:q, ;+:s[lt, cy{zf:q, ul0ft, :jf:Yo, hg;+Vof  lzIff ;d"xtkm{M c+uh ]| L, g]kfnL, cy{zf:q, ul0ft, :jf:Yo tyf zfl//Ls lzIff, hg;+Vof tyf lj1fg / lzIFf xfd|f] ljz]iftfx? M  Go"gtd z'Ns / u'0f:t/Lo lzIffsf] Uof/]G6L, zfGt Pj+ k|fl1s jftfj/0f ePsf],  cfsif{s kf]zfs ePsf], cg'ejL tyf of]Uo k|fWofksx?af6 cWofkg u/fOg],  ;'ljwfo'Qm lzIf0f ejg, d}bfg, lzIf0f ;fdu|L, k':tfsno tyf k|of]uzfnfsf] Joj:yf  oy]i6 5fqfj[lQ Kofs]h ePsf], ;a} txdf jif{ @ k6s clgjfo{ cfGtl/s k/LIff ul/g],  c+u]|hL / g]kfnL b'a} dfWodaf6 sIff ;~rFng ul/g],  ljifout, :ynut cWoog tyf k|of]ufTds sIff ;~rfng x'g],  vfg]kfgL, z}rfno tyf k|fylds pkrf/;DaGwL ;a} Joj:yf ePsf],  z}lIfs Sofn]08/ cg';f/ k7gkf7g tyf cltl/Qm lqofsnfk ul/g] .

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