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1° Istituto d’Istruzione Secondaria Superiore “Michelangelo Bartolo” Elettronica e Telecomunicazioni, Meccanica, Liceo Tecnologico (ITIS), P.N.I., Socio-Psico-Pedagogico (Liceo) Viale A. Moro - tel. 0931592725 fax 093146320 96018 - Pachino (SR) www.istitutobartolo.it e-mail sris01400g@istruzione.it

THE LANDING


The present project, thought in the light of the present international situation and created considering the cultural and anthropological historical reality of our school, has been inserted in the didactic-disciplinary programming investing both the technical and humanistic disciplines. With it, we wanted our students to direct their attention on the historical events, which had as a focal point our territory, and we placed it in a perspective that does not simply contemplate our local history but opens it to a perspective of national and international analysis. The centrality of our territory and the events happened in it, induced some teachers to elaborate the present project trying to reconstruct the history and historiographic-anthropological knowledge beginning from an event, near, not only in space, but also in time, if not that of our fathers, surely that of our grandfathers and of the many others that carry scars and memories of their

experiences

of

those

days.

The

project

aims

to

create/consolidate/strengthen in the young generations the historical Memories, to save the still alive collective Memories of the old generation and the people who have made and make the history of this part of Sicily. The objective was that of making the new generations understand that without Memory there is no future, that History is always contemporary because it teaches us the present and that only remembering it will be possible not to repeat the same errors.

Coordinators of the project and editors of the issue: Eng S. Giannitto email: s_giannitto@hotmail.it Eng S. Minardi email: sebami@tin.it Teachers of electronics at the I° Istituto Superiore “M.Bartolo” of Pachino Prof.ssa Rosalba Savarino Teacher of Arts at the Ist. Compr. “La Ciura” of Portopalo Prof. ssa Enza Scifo and Prof.ssa Rosalba Scifo


The days to remember Nine months after the German invasion of Poland, on 1st september 1939, Italy came into the war alongside Germany on 10th June 1940. Convinced that the war wouldn’t last long and that the Hitlerian Germany would have won the war, the Duce thought that Italy could make the thousands of dead soldiers weigh heavily during the peace conference. Until the first half of 1942, the axis Rome-Berlin recorded numerous military successes. Between the end of 1942 and the beginning of 1943, the course of the second world war changed. The Italian-German troops were defeated: • • • • • • •

23 20 23 2 15 11 12

October 1942 November 1942 January 1943 February 1943 May 1943 June 1943 June 1943

in El-Alamein in Bengasi in Tripoli in Stalingrad in Tunisia the island of Pantelleria surrendered Lampedusa was occupied


The landing of the allies in Sicily was by now imminent! On 24th June 1943 Mussolini asserted in the presence of the Directorate of the National Fascist Party: Italian people must be convinced that it is a question of life and death . As soon as these people try to land, they must be stopped on that which sailors call shoreline. And if by chance they should penetrate, the reservoir forces, which there are – must attach these individuals, destroying them from the first to the last man. So that it can be said that they have occupied a piece of our native land, but they have occupied it remaining for ever in horizontal position, not in vertical position. From the monthly report by the Service Attendance of the Commando of 16th Army Corps - District - of Piazza Armerina commanded by Gen. Carlo Rossi, in defence of all of the East of Sicily: In various areas of the sector of the Army Corps, the enemy launched intimidatory and anti-fascist leaflets, of which I enclose copy. Dispositions have been given for an effective action against propaganda. The 140th coastal regiment points out newly presumed auscultations on behalf of civilians, of the clandestine radio transmissions. 29th June 1943


The invasion of Sicily was decided on 18th January 1943, five days before the victorious entry of the British troops in Tripoli, during the conference of Casablanca between Roosevelt and Churchill. The coded name of the landing in Sicily was the Husky Operation. D-day was established for 10th July 1943 at H hour (at 02:45), confiding in a favourable moon. The moon, in fact, would set a little after midnight, the sun would rise at 04:45 AM. 7 divisions were used during the invasion (after a year 5 in Normandy), 3 English, 3 Americans and 1 Canadian. The plan foresaw that: • The 7th American Army of Gen. George S. Patton would land in the gulf of Gela, it would direct towards north and west, and would conquer Palermo and then turn towards east along the northern coast towards Messina. • The British Army of Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery, would land in the extreme South-eastern part and from there would go back towards north, it would occupy Syracuse and Catania, in order to finally reunite itself with the Americans in Messina. Gen. Eisenhower, who in 1953 would become president of the United States, was nominated Commander in head of the allied forces for the entire operation.


The Army Corps of Gen. B.L. Montgomery The13rdArmy Corps (5th and 50th Infantry Division) Targets : − landing in Cassibile and Avola. The 30th Army Corps (Gen. Sir Oliver Leese) Targets : − possession of the air-port of Pachino; − substitution of the 13rd Army Corps in the control zone of Avola; − maintenance of the Iblei Mounts on the Ragusa-Palazzolo Acreide road; − contact with the 7th American Army in the Comiso area. 1) The 231st Brg Malta (Brg.R.E.Urquhart): − The 1st Btl Dorset − The 1st Btl Hampshire − The 2nd Btl Devon Targets: landing in Marzamemi 2) The 2nd Army Brg (Brig.R.Richards): Targets: in support to the landing in Marzamemi 3) The 51st Div Highland (Magg. Gen. D.N. Wimberley): Targets: to land on the isle of Capo Passero at Punta delle Formiche in formation with the 154th, 152nd and 153rd brg 4) The 1st Canadian Div (Magg.Gen.G.G.Simonds: Targets : to land on the Costa dell’Ambra with 1°, 2° 3° brg of infantry 5) The 1st Brg Special service (Brig. R.L. Laycock): 40th/41st Commandos of English navy; targets: before the other units, to land in the west further than Punta Castellazzo.


The Italian defence The Italian defence of the coast from Capo Ognina near Siracusa, to Punta Braccetto, near S. Croce Camerina (132 Km), was entrusted to the 206th Coastal Div under the command of Gen Achille d’Havet, badly equipped and insufficiently trained.

Gen. Achille d’Havet

Italian soldiers in piazza V. Emanuele


THE INVASION Of the 22 convoys (with 1600 British ships and 945 American ones), that left from several ports of North Africa and of the Middle East, only 3 were intercepted by 5 German submarines with a loss of 6 ships. The before night of the landing, the weather got worse: a strong wind rouse and the sea became rough until there was a moment that they thought to postpone the landing. In spite of the adversities it was decided to continue the operations and at the first lights of dawn of July 10, the storm stopped. The 9th July 1943 - AngloAmerican gliders pilots and parachutists were launched: Before the hour X, a substantial launch of parachutists and special troops were sent to conquer airports, bridges and points in the Gela area and in the south of Syracuse. −

From Tunisia 226 cargo planes took off with 3405 American parachutists from the 82nd Airborne American Division on board.

−

128 cargo planes took off from North Africa with as many gliders and 1600 men a board from the 1st English Airborne Brigade;


Due to the strong winds and the errors of the routes of the 354 airplane, 233 returned to the bases without having completed their mission. In order not to remain victims of the enemy antiaircraft the American parachutists were forced to quickly jump down from the planes. Of the 226 airplanes employed by the Americans only 26 launched men on the target, the others were dispersed on a large zone up to Vittoria, Comiso and S. Pietro di Caltagirone. Due to some errors made by the antiaircraft about 23 American aircrafts were mistaken for the enemy so determining the loss of 500 men. Also for the English this undertaking had tragic developments. Thrown about by the strong winds, and having panicked by the heavy antiaircraft, the pilots uncoupled the gliders and about half of them fell into the sea. Of the 128 gliders with 1200 English parachutists launched: only 12 gliders and 160 men landed near the bridge on the river Anapo and were able to seize it, the others landed disastrously far from the target. The reaction of the Italian antiaircraft caused the pilots to prematurely uncouple 69 gliders in the sea and so causing hundreds of men to drown in front of the Sicilian beaches. Some gliders sank in the port of Siracusa, four landed in the district area of Cavarra of Portopalo, many gliders hit in the dark against cliffs, buildings, trees and other obstacles. In spite of the huge losses the allied parachutists, dispersed behind the Italian lines, however succeeded, acting in small groups, to sabotage the communication lines and to create sufficient disorder, confusing the commandos on the real intentions of the Anglo-Americans.


At 21.45: the state of alarm came into effect and the launch of parachutists was signalled between the area called Cozzo Cugni and Marzamemi, soon after in the Burgio area. At 23,30 followed by the naval artillery fire, teams of volunteers on canoes tested the consistency of the defences and signalled the beaches chosen for the landing. At 01,00 on the 10th of July: lieutenant Finocchiaro from the Grotticelli district sent this message to the headquarters: " the enemy carries out launching of parachutists. It is impossible to patrol the area because of lack of men ". He received the order to offer resistance; he lose his life. At 03.15: the Third Company in the territory of Portopalo signalled cannonades coming from the Pizzuta district, the gunshots stopped about 3-4 Km from the coast. In the meantime some ships, coming as by magic from the sea, in the silence of the night, began to move towards the Lighthouse of Portopalo. Between 02,00 and 04,30 the British allies landed on the Sicilian beaches of Costa dell’Ambra, Isola delle Correnti, Portopalo and Marzamemi.

Costa dell’Ambra


Marzamemi Bark East, Green beach At 11,35 p.m. on the 9th of July: 3 British battalions landed: the 1st Dorset, the 1st Hampshire, the 2nd Devon of the 231st Malta Brigade. These, at about 04,00 launched themselves against the 52nd Btr, which saw the fall, after a courageous battle, of Lieutenant Vincenzo Barone, gold medal; at 7,30 some 3,7in. cannons of the 165th Field artillery Regiment went into action. The landing vehicles of the 23rd Armoured Brigade arrived with a delay of 6 hours.

Portopalo Bark South, Red beach The 154th Brigade of the 51st Highland Division landed on the beaches near the roadsides of Portopalo. The ships, which arrived with a delay of 15 minutes, succeeded in lowering into the water the landing vehicles crammed with soldiers in only 6 minutes. The Scottish troops of the first wave completed the landing between 2.45 and 4.30 a.m. . In Portopalo, the 7th Argylls landed at 02.45 a.m.


An artillery grenade hit a landing vehicle causing the wounding of 15 men of D. At dawn a round of about 800 missiles weighing 200 pounds was directed, with precision, against the remaining costal defences which silenced a Btr. All went well for C of the 7th Black Watch (Lieutenant Colonnel Oliver), while the landing vehicles that carried the other companies, did not manage to find the beaches which were assigned to them and only at 6.15 a.m. the entire Battalion could move from the coast to the advanced positions without meeting much resistance. An officer perished and ten men were injured due to anti-personnel mines. The 1st Gordon (Lieutenant Col. Fausset-Farquhar) of the 153rd Brigade landed without problems even though with an hour delay with the following targets: − Portopalo − The “Tonnara” − The Lighthouse − The Island of Capo Passero − The small hill which controlled the way to Pachino. At 07,00 a.m. B was the first to land, putting out of use the defenders of the “Tonnara” and making contact on the right with the 231st Malta Brigade. Company A conquered the Island of Capo Passero while D advanced towards Portopalo.


At 09,00 a.m. C had occupied the small hill, near the Island of Capo Passero, which overlooks the road to Pachino. The 152nd Scottish Brigade landed in a second rank at the two sides of the promontory of “Isola delle Correnti” amongst which is Punta delle Formiche. The 3 battalions: − The 2nd Seaforth (Lieutenant Col. Horne); − The 5th Seaforth (Lieutenant Col.Walford); − The 5th Camerons (lieutenant Col. Sorel Cameron) landed without any incidents, except for the injury to Cameron's legs, due to a bomb.


Costa dell’ambra Bark west. Sugar and Roger beaches

The 1st Canadian Brigade, which landed on Costa dell'Ambra, had the important task of:  seizing the airport in Pachino  neutralizing the Btr. of the Maucini At 00,40 a.m. from the Ship Hillary an aerial bombardment against the coastal defences and the airport in Pachino lasted until 02.10 a.m.. From 01:35 a.m. the two assault battalions of the 2nd Canadian Brigade, were directed towards the beach at Costa dell'Ambra, while the gunboat Roberts with its 15 in. guns, along with the other ships heavily bombarded the airport in Pachino and its defences. The landing of the 2nd Brigade was completed at 3.00 a.m.. During the stage of approach, the Italian Btr of Maucini opened fire on the boats but it was sighted for the flares of the gunshots; it was reduced to silence from the naval artillery. The Canadian forces of the1st Brigade lost only 5 men, 2 died and 3 were injured, reached by machine-gun fire. At 06,45 a.m. the 1st Canadian Division had reached all its targets.


Punta Castellazzo Bark-West

The Royal Marines of the 40th and of the 41st Commandos landed at 02,45 a.m. on the10th July a bit farther on the left of Punta Castellazzo, in order to avoid the sandbanks. The resistance of the 4th Company of 375th the Costal Btg (Major. Pettinato), which occupied the beach of Ciriga, was useless.


The Allied Air Operations At the same time of the landing operations, the allies carried out in the Oriental Sicilian skies hundreds of devastating aerial incursions. Already from the 9th of July, the bomber fighters Mosquito and Beaufighter, taken off from Malta, had attacked the Sicilian and the southern Italian airports and had patrolled the landing areas. Some nocturnal bombers Liberator and 5 squadrons of Spitfire (60 airplanes) patrolled and machine-gunned the zones of Avola, Pachino and Scoglitti, while other 5 squadrons escorted the bombers assuring, therefore, to the allies the aerial supremacy on all the war operation areas. The Italian and German air forces, notwithstanding the heavy bombarding, were able, during the night between the 9th and the 10th of July, to make fly 370 German and 141 Italian airplanes; some attacked the British zones of the landing but, in great numerical inferiority, they did not succeed in opposing the landing and the aerial enemy.


Episodes of resistance and heroism

The Italians who fought in Sicily were fully aware of the prevailing military strength of the Allied forces. This brought about an unsatisfactory involvment in the defence of the island, moreover determined by the inadequacy of the defensive equipment. In spite of this, in the same conditions of inferiority, not a few Italians fought desperately to the finish.

Marzamemi − −

Ten. Vincenzo Barone, gold metal, died after a brave fight The 52nd Btr opposed the landing of the 231st Brg Malta, until it was shot probably by the Dutch gunboats Soemba and Flores Corrado Rubbera, a soldier of the 243rd coast Btg, was killed between Marzamemi and Portopalo The 230th Btg led by Major. Elena, detached from Noto, took part in the fight using machine guns 47/32. Some of its men distinguished themselves − Cap. Palissoni, − Ten. Pittigliani, − S.Ten. Benedetti, − Serg. Colella


Portopalo − −

− −

There were some Italian counterattacks but all of them were repressed by the enemy. The 53rd Btr managed to sink an enemy landing-craft, wounding 15 men belonging to the Unit D of the 7th Scottish Argylls. It was destroyed by rockets. An allied officer was shot and 10 men were wounded by mines. The German platoon assigned to radio-transmissions, after having destroyed the installations, retired from Portopalo and moved towards Rosolini. However, 5 German soldiers stayed at their place.

Near Torre Xibini −

Twelve men were killed

Maucini−

The 54th Btr resisted the enemy but it was 'silenced' by the Allied fleet, probably by the gunboat Roberts. The ones who survived joined the 321st Btr in Pachino to support the defence of the airport-

Baroni −

On the Pachino-Rosolini road,some bodies of Italian and German soldiers were lying between some motor vehicles burned by the grenades.


Punta Castellazzo −

Some machine-gun postings contrasted the advance of a group of English marines

Portulisse −

Brig. Lorenzo Greco and Pietro Nuvoletta, Emanuele Giunta, Raffaele Bianco, three 'finanzieri', fought to the last. Only the intervention from the land of some paratroopers could defeat their heroic resistance. They died in a man-to-man fighting; it was July 10

Brig. Lorenzo Greco

Pietro Nuvoletta

Emanuele Giunta

Raffaele Bianca

The 52nd, the 53rd and the 54th Btr shot 2500 times before being definitely overwhelmed by the enemy at about 9 a. m. of July 10. The 3rd Btr. of the 224th Group from Bonivini-Modica and the 227th Btr from Pozzallo gave their contribute to the defence.


THE OCCUPATION OF PACHINO At 6.30 a.m. the 153rd Brg landed at Portopalo. The landing force C of the 7 Canadian Division managed to take 70 Italian prisoners and at 7.00 a.m. the unit was joined by the 7th Black Watch which had already captured the 5 German soldiers who were at the radio-station. During the landing Lieut. Col. Hay died in an accident. After, the two battaillons made contact with the 1st Canadian Division on the left. At 7.00 a.m. the 1st Gordon (153rd Brg Argylls) completely occupied the 'tonnara' and made contact with the 231st Brg Malta of Marzamemi on the right. At 9.00 a.m. the landing force C occupied the high ground facing Capo Passero th

A platoon of the 7th Black Watch and some tanks moved towards Pachino. On the south-west suburbs of Pachino they met the 'podestĂ ' who surrendered. The 5th and the 7th Gordons advanced towards Pachino on the left, along the carriage road, in the north, near the cross-roads for Rosolini and Noto


The 5th Black Watch (Lieut. Col. Thomson) mopped up the whole area of the beach; then, they moved towards the same way as the 5th and the 7th Gordons but on the right side.

The most important strategic objective was the conquest of the airport in c.da Chiaramida. The task was assigned to the 1st Brg of the 1st Canadian Division. The conquest of the airport meant immediate supplies of bombs and a rapid refuelling for a couple of air squadrons stationed in Malta and North Africa. The action was supported by a cover on the sides of Pachino and Burgio. On the right the 154th Infantry Brg coming from Portopalo pushed towards Pachino, followed by the 5th Black Watch and the 231st Malta. The command of the 122nd Regg led by Col. Apollonio, which was 2 Km north of Pachino managed to drive back the first attack with the help of a group of 'bersaglieri'. However, at about 10.00 the command was surrounded by the Allied troops which by that time


had already reached the roads to Noto and Ispica; so, D'Apollonio decided to retire and went towards the stronghold Bonivini-Modica, on the carriage road to Rosolini. He sent an officer with a detailed report of the events to the headquarters of the 206th Division. In the meantime, telephone connections had been cut. On the left side, the 40th and the 41st Commandos had driven the left force of the 375th coast Btg (Magg. Pettinato) away from the area called Ciriga towards the stronghold of Case Gradante. At 6.40 a.m. the Commands made contact with the Canadians of the Seaforth Highlander near the southern end of the quagmire Longarini. While carrying on the consolidation of the bridge-head, the Royal Canadian Regiment reached and occupied the farmhouses of Maucini taking a dozen of prisoners. Afterwards, the unit advanced towards the 54th Btr and forced 38 artillerymen to surrender while others of them, after the distruction of their guns, had left to give their support to the fellowsoldiers of the 321st Btr at Km 17 of the road from Noto to Pachino. At about 9.00 a.m. the Royal Canadian arrived at the airport. The Italians had ploughed the runways in order to make them unusable; apparently, the airport was desert. Actually, the men of the Fixed Defence led by Major. Motta had barricaded themselves in


the northern end of the airport, while the 321st Btr, still intact, was about 1 Km further. Company C of the Royal Canadian crossed the north- eastern corner of the airport and joined the armour of the 51st Scottish Division, which, turning to the left, reached the suburbs of Pachino. Company A of the Royal Canadian, supported by the Hasting Btg, turned up from the left, managed to occupy the barricades and moved towards the 321st Btr which had opened fire against the Royal Canadian. Once its coordinates were communicated, the Btr was silenced by naval fire but 130 men led by S. Ten. Domenichelli went on fighting using their machine-guns and individual arms before surrendering to the 5th Black Watch of the 153rd Scottish Brg. In the meantime, Company C had conquered the north -eastern high ground dominating the battlefield, defeating the extreme resistance of the Italian defence. As soon as the airport was conquered the Sappers of the 5th British Group of the Airport Building section came into action. They made an emergency landing strip by using bulldozers and roadrollers. Shortly after 12.00 a.m. the 15th Infantry Btr had moved towards Pachino and the patrols of the 1st Gordon had already entered the town, occupying it definitely. They were followed by the 5th Black Watch and the 231st Brg Malta.


Some groups of disbanded soldiers wandered through the fields before surrendering to the British patrols. Hundreds of them were gathered on the beaches and then shipped on the cargo boats to Africa.

Gen. d´Havet, who was in Modica and could not communicate with his units, deduced the coastal defence had been broken and the Allied forces were penetrating into the mainland towards Noto, Ispica, Rosolini and Modica.


At midday of July 10th, 1943 only 9 hours after their landing, the AngloCanadian forces had already conquered Marzamemi, Portopalo, Maucini, Pachino and the airport; they controlled all the peninsula from S. Lorenzo in the east to the Marza in the west, along a line passing through the north side of Pachino, c.da Burgio and Case Gradante.

English soldiers in V.Emanuele square in Pachino

English officiers in Lincoln street


Pachino in the summer of 1943

Cassar Scalia street

Italian prisoners in Cavour street

People welcome Scottish soldiers


Beach road in Marzamemi

Italian prisoners in Marzamemi

On Pachino Noto road


The numbers During the Sicilian Military Operations, considering the reinforced joints after the landing of the Allies, you could count amongst the dead, the prisoners and the missing in action, approximately: − 14,485 Germans, on 60,000, o 4,369 dead, o 5,523 prisoners, o 4,593 missing; − 157,628 Italians on 260,000 o 4,875 dead , o 116,681 prisoners, o 36,072 missing); − 31,000 Anglo-Americans on 478,000 o 3,205 British Fallen, o 490 Canadian Fallen o 2,899 Americans Fallen for a total of 15,838 dead. Almost all the Germans lay at “Motta S.Anastasia”, outside Catania. In the Commonwealth cemetary authorized on the plain of Catania 2,142 English rest, while other 1,063 tombs are in Siracusa. Agira guards the rests of 490 Canadian soldiers. The dead Americans, after been buried in temporary fields, were brought home or moved to Neptune (a Roman cemetry). The fallen Italians rest in their areas of origin, or in the cemetry of “Christo Re” in Messina. 1,140 airplanes of the Axis were lost in the battle: o 740 of Luftwaffe o 400 of Regia Airforce against the 375 aircrafts and 18 airplanes of the Allies.


During the landing, in the territory of Pachino these people lost their lives GIURDANELLA Raimondo, peasant MESSINA Sebastiano, military MAZZOLA Giuseppe, soldier TELA Salvatore, civilian, ORLANDO Carmela, civilian, DISTEFANO Antonino, civilian ROSE Domenica, civilian, GIRMENIA Saint, civil, IOZIA Giulia Carmela, civilian SCHEMBARI Salvatore, civilian, BARONE Vincenzo, ten. of fant. of 243° the Coastal Btg, IV Company, VASILE Paolo, civilian, SANTACROCE Corrado, civilian, FORTE Francesco, civilian, DIPIETRO Gaetano, civilian, MAZZARA Corrado, civilian, RICUPERO Francesco, civilian, RICUPERO Giovanni, civilian, MONACO Giacomo, civilian, PAPA Benito, civilian, GAMBUZZA Sebastiana, civilian RUBBERA Corrado, military We dedicate this 60th anniversary to these men and women, children, old people who lost their lives in this cruel war; we consign to the future generations the memory of their existence and their stories. These people’s stories have been buried not only by bombs a long time ago. The collective memories have lost all traces of their passage. “History” will never talk about. These people no one will ever celebrate anniversaries or dedicate memorials to them. They belong to the rank of those who do not count, who leave no mark, and will never be part of history.


Although it was obscured by the popularity and the historical consequences of the landing in Normandia, the Husky operation was the greatest amphibious operation of World War II in relation to the number of divisions disembarked within the first day of the invasion. For 38 days half a million soldiers, marines and airmen fought against their German and Italian adversaries in order to conquer the southern outpost of the forces of the Axis. From a strategic point of view, the operation obtained the aims established in the conference of Casablanca: • the Mediterranean routes were now sure for the Allies; • Hitler suffered his first defeat owing to the invasion of the Anglo-Americans in the Italian peninsula; • Mussolini was kicked out of the government, arrested and replaced by Marshal Badoglio, opening a way to the surrender of the country. It was the 10th of July of 1943 ! It was a hot and starry night. Suddenly the silence was broken, the sea was flamed. It was the war that was returning on our coasts after almost 1000 years of peace from the expulsion of the Arabians from Noto

To the project have collaborated : The students of the I.T.I.S. Section Telecommunication The “centro Diurno Anziani” Dr. Ottaviano Perricone IWM of London Istituto Luce of Rome


231a Brigata di Fanteria Malta

3a batteria

Battaglioni:

- 1°Dorset - 1°Hammps - 2°Devon

23a Brigata Corazzata: 9 luglio ore 23.35 40°/41°Commandos Royal Marines

52a 321a 153a Brigata Battaglioni: - 5°Black Watch - 5°Gordon - 7°Gordon 1a Brigata

10 luglio ore 06.30 54a

Ciriga

53a

10 luglio ore 02.30 1a Brigata Canadese: - Hastings and Prince Edward - Royal Canadian - 48°Highlanders of Canada

154a Brigata:

2a Brigata Canadese: - Seaforth Highlander of Canada - Princess Patricia’s canadian 10 luglio Light Infantry - Loyal Edmonton ore 07.00 3a Brigata Canadese:

- Royal 22° - Crleton and York - West Nova Scotia

10 luglio ore 11.00

152a Brigata:

Battaglioni: - 7°Black Watch - 1°Black Watch

Battaglioni: - 5°Camerons - 2°Seaforth

- 7°Argylls

- 5°Seaforth

Ore 07.00 - 1°Gordon

10 luglio ore 08.35

51a Divisione Highlander

10 luglio ore 02.45

Husky Operation  

The landing of 1943 in Sicily, Husky Operation

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