CSF International - Christmas Recipe Edition '22

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CSF I S S U E N O . 3 C h e f s s a n s F r o n t i e r e s Christmas Recipe Edition international CSF-int Registered association number W241006753

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Dear All

Whilst I appreciate that Christmas is celebrated by around 31% of the world, I also respect that the majority of people do not participate in this festival. As “CSF int” is a global organisation I try to keep it nonreligious and non-political and happy to include and incorporate all and any celebrations from around the world ( as long as food is involved) naturally!

CSF int is about sharing on a global platform, learning from one another, nurturing new friendships around the world and working together to make a real difference on the ground

The aim of this Christmas magazine is not only to share some joy between chefs around the world with a diversity of recipes and exposing a little more cultural culinary diversity, it is also to help bring sponsors and advertisers to CSF int, and where the advertisers contributions are helping to raise funds for those that need it most

I would like to take this opportunity to send a big thanks to all the chefs and nonchefs that have contributed articles and shared recipes

To the chefs that have joined forces to ll n t his

Last but not least, to Jacqui for all her hard work in bringing this magazine to life for us all to enjoy, giving her time, skill and knowledge in support

Thank you all.

And a final note, I would like to wish you all the very best wherever you may be around the world and look forward to new, exciting, creative opportunities, continued growth and working together for the benefit of artisan food producers, cultural gastronomy, culinary heritage and traditional skills around the world.

CMerryhristmas C H E F A L A N C O X O N www.alancoxon.com www.csfint.com
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Pomegranate has a long journey as a symbol of fertility, abundance and love It appeared in Jewish manuscripts and Greek mythology, Medieval painting and Indian ornaments, Shakespeare’s poetry and Picasso’s still life Tracing its history back to the ancient Mediterranean and Persian civilizations, pomegranate did hardly influence any culture as deeply as Armenian, becoming an essential element of wedding rituals and decorative art.

It was the genius Armenian film director Sergei Parajanov who re-introduced the old symbol to contemporary art with his “The Color of Pomegranates” film launched in 1969 Since then the pomegranate became Parajanov’s creative mascot and a sign of deepest devotion to his motherland The impressive red ceramic pomegranate, made by Ruben Stepanyan in mid 1990s for Sergei Parajanov’s Museum, marked the beginning of a new era for the local ceramists – plenty of artists started following Stepanyan’s steps. Now the next generation of Stepanyan-Gishyan family evolves the initial approach, bringing the Armenian ceramic pomegranates far beyond the national border – yet never forgetting the meaning and great idea behind it

“In Western Armenia there is an old wedding ritual: a bride would throw a pomegranate and break it into pieces. Its appearing seeds ensured that she will bear a child This lovely tradition inspired me a lot!” – says Alina Gishyan, whose

namesake ceramics brand recently got huge success at Art Zagreb Known for the strong combination of decorative and functional aspects of her art projects, Alina is trying to breathe new life into an ancient practice: the ceramic wedding pomegranates reveal their shining seeds without cracking, and will keep the dearest memories for years

Pomegranate is not just an attractive wild form or a way of tracing cultural Armenian evolution for Gishyan Ceramics It was pomegranate –and love – that helped Alina start her global career on

new grounds. Being married to a Croatian, Alina made the country her second home, and soon the signature glazed pomegranates transformed into fresh and bright Adriatic coastline colours –turquoise, blue and white – which seemed more appropriate for the artist in her new surroundings.

The expanding of colour palette – from intensive ruby red or lava red to calm and deep colours –came together with a growing interest in abstract and minimalist ceramics, being the new directions Alina is leading her brand to. Thus appeared a collection of white pomegranates with a splash of scarlet or gold – pure and strong, just as a bride’s dress.


The process of creation takes from 5 to 8 stages and lasts up to 10 days The prototype form is made on a pottery wheel, then it takes some time for the earthenware clay to get harder Thereafter Alina starts working with her hands, giving each fruit its unique shape, making the sides and the crown, carving the seeds and the cracks The work may last for hours, yet it’s the only process that doesn’t make the artist feel tired “I can start making pomegranates in the morning and let them dry the very next morning It’s such a great energy! I can do tons of it” –Alina says

The pomegranates can be as tiny as the smallest fruit – about 10 cm – or reach the height of 40 cm Since all the colors are obtained with powder glaze through the extremely precise chemical and creative process, the introduction of a new color upon request will take more time – the artist will have to do lots of glaze testing However the result is worth the effort, since the glaze deepens the color and adds a particular 3D effect to it The painted pomegranates will get 1 or 2 firings Some parts of the fruit can be done in 10% gold, which adds one extra firing and makes the gift even more precious Each pomegranate is unique, yet there is also a personalization option Bride and groom can get their initials, or date, or a small wish carved on the bottom side of the fruit Moreover, the wedding gift can become the first piece of art in a beautiful future

Alina Gishyan

Alina Gishyan is an Armenian visual artist who has been living and working in Croatia for five years. She uses both of her cultural influences to create pieces that are certainly Croatian and also undeniably Armenian Her avant-garde style of ceramics has attracted buyers from all over the world, including local buyers who have commissioned her work to be displayed as part of corporate collections

Alina Gishyan comes from a distinguished Armenian family of ceramic artists; over the past sixteen years she has built up an enormous amount of experience and developed her own style of unique ceramic functional pottery Her artistic mission is to create sustainable art through food safe materials that are functional and stylish

Alina is constantly gaining exposure through exhibitions and art symposiums across the world Her artwork has been collected all over the globe, from USA to Japan and from UAE to Russia Alina frequently participates in art exhibitions and expositions around the world

She has many collectors who enjoy owning pieces of her art works, including those living in USA, Japan, UAE, Russia and in Europe Besides participating in exhibitions she is organising art exhibitions in Croatia which are becoming increasingly popular year in year out

In 2019 Alina Gishyan has earned the title of Folk Master of Republic of Armenia and represents modern Armenian art on a global stage




ith the Christmas season upon us, approximately 2 billion people are preparing for one of the most popular and celebrated holidays in the world - a holiday that originated in a region now devastatingly affected by war. Palestine is located in the West Bank within the country of Israel, and referred to as the ‘Cradle of Christianity’. It contains one of the most famously known aspects of the story of Christmas, the city of Bethlehem, known to many as the birthplace of Jesus. We recognise this story and Bethlehem when we see nativity sets displayed at Christmastime. The oldest recorded language to use the word ‘Bethlehem’ is the Hebrew/Aramaic language.

The word ‘Bethlehem’ in Hebrew/Aramaic means “House of Bread”, and is thought to be due to the region’s suitable and fertile soil for growing wheat. Bread is also a symbol for Jesus in Christianity. The main crops of ancient Israel were wheat, barley, olive, grape, pomegranate, date palm, and fig. These crops still thrive in the region today and represent the earliest known domesticated crops in the Middle East, also known as the ‘7 Plant Species’.

Every year thousands of people travel to Palestine to celebrate one thing together: Christmas, bound by a common piece of mistletoe which is the joy of Christmas. Festivities include a massive parade, Christmas tree lighting, Christmas markets, and what everyone, everywhere really loves about Christmas

Words: Taylor Widrig - Entrepreneur and award winning cookbook and folklore author Top Right: Christmas in the state of Palestine Left: Ma'amoul Fadi

which is the food we grow to remember during the Christmas season. It is this binding thread of joy, finding comfort in familiar festive foods and the people around us regardless of where they come from which represents the enduring spirit and power of Christmas.

According to the United Nations Official for the Middle East Peace Process, “...2022 is on course to be the deadliest year for Palestinians in the West Bank since the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs began systematically tracking Palestinian fatalities in 2005…” To date not war, or a global pandemic can stop the celebration of Christmas in Bethlehem, with a reported 10,000 people celebrating Christmas Eve in the city in 2021 while Israeli covid-19 restrictions were in effect. The majority control of the movement of goods and people in and out of Palestine has alternated over the years. So how can it be that the most popular holiday in the world, which celebrates joy and togetherness originated and remains in a region so affected by war? Maybe this is again, an example of the spirit of Christmas - that one of the most binding and powerful things as humans is finding joy in the food and people around us. Here are a few traditional Christmas foods of Bethlehem compared to their Western versions which have evolved over centuries and thousands of Christmas Eves travelling from Bethlehem slowly to the Western Hemisphere.

Roasted lamb neck with stuffing made of rice, chickpea, and pine nuts.

Mamoul; Christmas butter cookies made with semolina flour and often with a date paste filling.

Whole grain wheat or barley bread

Western Hemisphere

Roasted turkey, chicken, or duck with stuffing made of bread, egg, vegetables and sausage.

Christmas butter cookies using cookie cutter shapes, decorated with icing and sprinkles.

Processed white flour dinner rolls

Above Photo: Christmas dinner in Bethlehem: Stuffing and puddings with Palestinian flavours | Middle East Eye

A BITE ofthebigapple

We explore New York in winter and discover what this epic city has to offer over the festive season.



And so it should With the likes of Broadway running multiple shows daily and being the world leader in independent film production, you can almost smell the hopes and dreams of the millions of people that cross its borders annually Within these borders lies New York City, home to more than 8 million people and 40% of the population of New York State, with roots tracing back to 1624 it is now referred to as the cultural, financial and dance capital of the world There’s something electric that draws you to the sights, sounds and energy of all the city has to offer

Christmas and New Years’ is a magical season, especially in one of the greatest cities in the world Department stores get into the festive spirit with over-the-top decorated window displays, the ice rink comes to life with young and old alike, whilst holiday markets open their doors to share with you their wares Songs are sung and spirits are high. At Rockefeller Plaza the famous Rockefeller Centre Christmas Tree lights up on December 3rd and will be on display until January 7th , definitely worth a visit Many restaurants will be open on Christmas Day, don’t be surprised if their idea of a Christmas meal doesn’t match your own Americans prefer to enjoy the more traditional meal on Thanksgiving

Whatever you do, make sure you pack for an adventure, because New York City will deliver nothing less Consisting of five boroughs, each of which is a county of the New York State, they include the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island All names that need no introduction, it’s no wonder that this is the most photographed city in the world Follow the hustle and bustle of the crowds leading you to sites such as Times Square, THE place to be for New Years’ celebrations, where more than 750 000 people gather to watch the ball drop and herald in new beginnings

For a more relaxed feel, in the heart of Manhattan lies an oasis of calm and tranquility; that is Central Park Strolling through the gardens, you are fully aware of the irony of being encircled by skyscrapers and deadline-driven people, and yet enveloped by the complete calm of nature surrounding you In the winter months there are ice-skating, sledding, winter festivals and even horsedrawn carriages Should you find yourself there in the summer months, you can enjoy the free concerts held at the park’s public theatre, whilst the ice rink from winter has transformed into swimming pools, with city dwellers basking in the sun and making the most of the weather

From grass roots to what was the tallest building in the world between 1931 to 1972, more than 110 million people have visited The Empire State Building since it’s completion The 86th floor, as long as you do not have vertigo, gives you a sense of being on top of the world It’s not just the 360° degree view that gives you a sense of euphoria, but the opportunity to stand so high up and gain a

new perspective of things, literally Life seems to take on a new meaning when seen from that high up, as though anything in life can be made possible.

On a more somber note, taking a trip a few blocks south will find you coming across the 911 World Trade Centre Memorial in lower Manhattan, a touching tribute to the more than 2600 people that lost their lives

Leaving the city behind you, you can find yourself getting ready to sail across the sea to Staten Island, it’s free and a mere 25 minute boat ride They even allow you to take a bicycle along if you wish to explore further on your 2-wheeled transportation With a renewed sense of freedom as you sail over the ocean, take a moment to capture the beauty of the infamous Manhattan skyline, or behold the Statue of Liberty in all her glory, standing tall and proud, and a symbol of freedom from the people of France that somehow holds more hope for the people looking up to her once shackled feet

Should you wish to appreciate historic and modern artifacts, the must-see museums include the Metropolitan Museum of Art, one of the biggest and most impressive museums in the world, and the Museum of Modern Art, considered to be the most important museum of modern art in the world Both offer something for everyone to enjoy

Thanks to the diversity of the cultures found in and around the city, the cuisine is influenced by the city’s immigrant history From street vendors to fine dining, New York City is also home to many of the finest and most diverse haute cuisine restaurants in the United States So whether you are in the mood for a slice (of pizza), would like to try a pretzel from a hotdog stand, or indulge in freshly baked bagels or New York cheesecake, there is something to suit everyone ’ s tastes

Once the sun goes down on another day of the beautiful city, you are aware of the sights and sounds continuing, the pulse of the city beats on in the city that never sleeps If you want to party there is an endless supply of bars, least of which can be frequented during a visit to the Greenwich Village From live music to themed bars, your nights out will most definitely give you something to write home about. Should you be fortunate enough to be in the Big Apple at the stroke of midnight on New Years’ Eve, there are oodles of events and celebrations taking place, and for the more energetic type, there is even a midnight run after the traditional costume parade and firework display

One thing is for sure There is no place like New York
Once the sun goes down on another day of the beautiful city, you are aware of the sights & sounds continuing. The pulse of the city beats on the city that never sleeps.

During the height of festivities It was not uncommon for nobility to eat and eat until at a point they would have to vomit in order to allow space for continuous eating!

Sheep and Oxen were roasted whole and served upon enormous wooden boards, roasted swans and peacocks were favourite delicacies as were geese, ducks and chickens , all of them well-seasoned with pepper (an expensive and important commodity back then) as well as ginger, that was also widely used

Pigs ears stewed in ale, herons, cranes were roasted in mustard, whilst carps tongues and even seagulls had pride of place

Pieces of whale , a fat porpoise and tartlets of plump snails added to the gastronomic delights!.

Nobility back then ate very few vegetables as these were left for the workers and farmhands who couldn't afford or have access to meats.

Potatoes were unknown until the Elizabethan period, and items such as carrots, turnips or cabbage did not come into general use until the Stuart times ( 1603 to 1714).

Other imported luxuries back then included oranges, that were returned with the Crusaders from the East and were naturally very expensive - only the very wealthy could afford to buy an orange , whilst Quince, mulberries, and meddler fruits were relatively common

A prominent feature to the festive tables of Old England was the much-celebrated Great Pie!. The Great Pie was mentioned by Shakespeare and for centuries would have a place of honour at the centre of the table. The pie would consist of four geese, four wild ducks, four snipe, six pigeons and eight blackbirds.

Other pies included the Mince pie or as they were known back then “Shredded Mutton Pies”, made up of a variety of meats, raisins, sugar and spices. Originally they were oval shaped or coffin shaped as it was referred to, alternately could also be described as cradle shape to represent a baby’s cradle, in which the holy child was laid.

Pie of such shapes were later banned by Oliver Cromwell declaring them to be “Popish”. Anyone harbouring mince pie ingredients within their larder was evidence enough to condemn the person of “Papisme” and were punished accordingly.

Needless to say to wash down all these festive foods there were plenty of liquid refreshments that included “possets” that were freely handed out during the meal and concluded with the famous “Wassail bowl” in which hot spiced ale, sugar and roasted cob apples would be served.

Over the centuries several of the food items have seen some culinary development such as the mince pie and today the UK consumes around 781,177,935 with the national average adult consuming 15 mince pies over the festive period , (with the exception of Liverpool where the average adult will consume 20 mince pies each over Christmas)


together Christmas


& merry myths!


Marzipan originally arrived into Europe from the Middle East via the Crusades, however it was the Italians and in particular the peoples of Milan that refined the techniques of producing a very high quality product that was also excellent for turning into extravagant sculptures, once again bringing the artist out of the cook or the cook into the artist

One such artist was Leonardo da Vinci were it was noted that he became quite despondent after making some amazing and intricate marzipan sculptures for the Milanese court as a gift, observing in pain “that they gobble up all the sculptures I give them, right down to the last morsel”.

Legend has it that the Panettone cake appeared in Northern Italy around the 15th century and probably originated in Milan Although, the origins of the cake appear to be ancient dating back to the Roman Empire.

The word itself derives from the Italian word Panetto meaning small loaf bread The augmentative Italian suffix one, pronounced o-neh changes the meaning to large bread

Another story is that the word derives from the Italian court where legend suggests that during a Christmas celebration, the kitchens forgot to do a dessert In panic, the guests were given sweet bread baked by the kitchen boy called Toni

The guests loved the bread so much they named it after him “Pan di toni” I will leave it for you to decide.!

United Kingdom

“Fondant icing” is often used to decorate large production of Christmas cakes these days, however historically a “Royal icing” was the classic icing of choice for a traditional Christmas cake! It obtained its name ‘royal’ owing to it being used for the British Royal Family in their wedding cakes, and naturally if the Royals did it, then the rest of the population followed suite

Icing has been around since the eighteenth century and mentioned in a book dating back to 1769 . The first icing was similar to royal icing, and was spread over the top of the cake before returning the cake to the oven to set hard The final result was a nice flat, shiny surface like that of a frozen lake shimmering and glistening in the winters sun

Figures possibly similar to that once carved out of marzipan were placed onto this sugared lake, creating scenes of a festive and harmonious wonderland


St Nicholas is a much-loved character in Germany although he doesn't visit alone To the children's dismay, St Nicholas is assisted by a black mysterious figure wrapped up in old cloths, sacking and furs This figure has different names all over Germany, and is known as Krampus, Pelznickel, Hans Muff or Ruprecht

This man carries a sack containing gifts; he also carried a rod for the holy man, St Nicholas Disobedient children are punished with the rod at the same time as Ruprecht growls, rattles his chains or shows his teeth

Needless to say children are frightened of Ruprecht and he is used as a threat in many German families to steer youngsters in the right direction of being good and not evil.

The German Christmas fruit bread, Stollen, which is dusted with icing sugar, is said to represent the infant Christ wrapped in swaddling clothes The nuts and fruit inside represent the gifts from the three Kings


Silent Night was first sung in 1878 in the village of Oberndorf in Austria


Many countries, the Christmas table was always set for an even number of guests, for odd numbers were said to bring bad luck


Story Travel Pigs in Blanket


Pigs in Blankets is possibly responsible for the UK consuming more than 1,000 miles of chipolata sausages between Christmas day and Boxing day alone!.

As for the word “Chipolata”, whilst most know it as a small sausage, its name derived from the French, with culinary origins that date back to an ancient Italian dish known as “cipollata”. Cipollata incidentally is predominantly an onion based dish and refers to the name of the actual onion.

It was however Auguste Escoffier that put it on the British culinary map ( or should I say menu) when it appeared in his edition of “Le Guide Culinaire” back in 1903.

Pigs in blankets are basically little chipolata sausages wrapped in bacon and were further popularised by “Betty Crockers” cook book in 1957, however “Pigs in blankets” were mentioned in the Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex chronicle back in January 8th 1887 , although the recipe was a little different, as oysters were used instead of sausages ( strangely a much cheaper option back then !).

This combination of ingredients historically had a name of their own and were called “Angels on horseback”

These Angels were apparently created by Urbain Dubois, the head chef of the German Emperor, Kaiser Wilhelm II.

The oysters were removed from the shell, drained of sea water before being wrapped in thin slices of bacon fat, secured by a wooden skewer, fried in a hot pan until the bacon fat was crisp and placed immediately onto small pieces of toasted bread. A form of canapé !.

Even in the world of food when you have Angles then you must also have a devil for even representation, and by contrast there exists “ Devils on horseback “ , where sausage or oyster are replaced with dried fruit, as dark as the devil himself, the fruit in question, is a prune! Historically and classically a dried toasted almond was inserted into the centre of the destoned prune to represent and replace the stone, adding a wonderful crunchy texture and mouth feel

In terms of the flavour combination, the prune and bacon actually make a great marriage, bringing out many of the desired and stimulating elements of sweet, sour and salty. A combination that also helps offset any fatty richness with the prunes acid undernotes, as well as aiding digestion, in my view making for a far more enjoyable accompaniment to the festive goose, capon or turkey

words Alan Coxon




with adji cress citra leaves

To make 4 portions Based on 3 Oysters per person.


2 punnets Adji cress

4 leaves Citra leaves

12 pieces Native oysters

1tbsp Finely chopped shallots

2 tbsp Red wine vinegar


Mix the finely chopped shallots with the red wine vinegar

Open each oyster, divide the vinegar shallots mix among them and serve with Adji Cress and one leave of Citra leaves per portion

The idea is to eat the oysters with the cress and one petal of Citra leaves per oyster.

The sourness of the Citra leaves is ideal to eat with oysters


Octopusandroasted potatotwist

Moai Caviar Paztizz top Blinq Blossom Zallotti Blossom Atsina Cress Adji Cress

To make 4 portions


4 Stems Moai caviar

4 Tops Paztizz top

Pieces Blinq blossom

Stems Zallotti Blossom

Punnet Atsina Cress

1 Punnet Adji Cress

300gr Purred red cabbage

4 Medium King Edwards potatoes

4 Pieces Small Cornish Octopus

1lit Fish stock

30g Melted butter

4 tbsp Olive oil

Juice of ½ lemon

4 Pieces Soaked sultanas in water

Fine sea salt and white ground pepper to taste


Cook the cabbage in a vegetable stock

Drain the cooked red cabbage into a fine sieve and keep 50ml of cooking juice for the dressing

Purred the cabbage and season to taste, pour in a small squeeze bottle ·Peel the potato, trim them to a rectangular shape and cut out some fine slices using a mandolin

Brush each slice with the melted butter and put them back together on a spiral way

Lift gently the potato stack, brush more butter over the top and cook in an oven at 220C. Meanwhile, plunge the Octopus in the cold fish stock, cover with a lid and bring to boil

Boil for 5 minutes, take off the heat and leave in the stock for another 10 minutes Bear in mind that is a very small Octopus, so do not overcook it!

To make the dressing, emulsion together the 50ml of red cabbage cooking juice with the lemon juice and the olive oil

Place the Octopus at the centre of the plate, add the potato stack on top

Squeeze some cabbage mousseline dot around and add the one soaked sultana cut into two and the microgreens, cress and speciality plant

Finish with the dressing and serve


Using the seasoned cold sushi rice, fill up to level and flatten.

Slice the scallops into thin rounds, about ½ cm (¼ in) thick if possible

Lay slices, in one layer on top of the rice Make some zest out of the lime and keep aside

Using a mixing bowl, whisk together the juice of the lime with the ginger juice, the olive oil, and sesame oil Let set for 5 minutes and brush the top of the scallops

Add some finely sliced red chillies and the zest of the lime

Add the Adji Cress, Bean Blossom and Blinq blossom. Serve with the Gangnam tops.

Ingredients 240gr Cooked
rice 4 Pieces
8 Pieces
1 Small
1 Lime 1 tblsp
·1 tsp Fresh
juice 4 Blossoms
4 Blossoms
1 Punnet
1 Punnet
seasoned sushi
Scallop Shell
Mild red chilli
Olive oil
Sesame oil
Bean Blossom
Blinq Blossom
Adji cress
Gangnam tops
make 4 portions Adji
cress, blinq blossom, Gangnam top, bean blossom Method


Shaheda Yesmin Culinary Curator and CSFint Ambassador for Bangladesh




1 ½ cups oil

2 cups onion, thinly sliced

2-inch cinnamon sticks, broken into small pieces

10 cardamom pods

1 nutmeg

3 dry bay leaves

2 teaspoons allspice powder

2 teaspoons mace blade powder


Reserved oil from the paste preparation

1 whole turkey (about 3 kg)

1 cup ghee (clarified butter)

3 tablespoons ginger paste

3 tablespoons garlic paste

2 tablespoons red chilli powder

1 tablespoon paprika powder

2 tablespoons coriander powder

1 tablespoon cumin powder

¼ cup poppy seed paste

2 cups sour yoghurt

1 tablespoon + 2 teaspoons salt

¼ cup Worcestershire sauce

Kababi paste

15 alubokhara/dry plums

12 green chillies



Heat the oil, fry the onion to caramelised, and strain from the oil. In the same oil, fry all the whole spices. Remove from the oil. Make a paste with all the fried ingredients, and add the mace powder. Keep the fried oil for cooking the turkey. In a big pot, heat the reserved oil. Carefully fry the whole turkey on all sides until golden brown. Remove from the oil and set aside.


Ghee to the oil. Once hot, add ginger and garlic pastes and fry until aroma develops. Add a little water to prevent it from burning. Add all the ingredients from red chilli powder to Worcestershire sauce. Mix well and add water. Once the water starts boiling, slowly slide the fried turkey into the pot. Cover and cook in medium low heat until the turkey is tender and very little liquid is left.


Kababi paste, and stir well to incorporate with the turkey. Add the alubokhara and green chillies. Cover and cook on low heat for 10 minutes. Taste and adjust the seasoning if needed.


When it comes to baked goods, minimalist design and baby names, the Swedes just do things right. So, of course we were curious about how our northern friends celebrate the holidays. Here, nine Swedish Christmas traditions you can incorporate into your own festivities. God Jul, guys. (That’s Merry Christmas, by the way.)

1. They Build Up the Anticipation

Although the main event is celebrated on Christmas Eve, Swedes know that waiting and preparing is half the fun. On Advent Sunday (four Sundays before Christmas), the first of four candles is lit to start the holiday countdown, usually while enjoying a mug of glögg (mulled wine) and gingerbread cookies. Then, every Sunday an additional candle is lit until finally, it’s Christmas.

2. Decorations Are Subtle

No surprises, here. In classic Scandi style, Swedes keep their holiday decorations natural and rustic—nothing flashy or loud. Think wreaths on doors, hyacinths on tables, candles in every room and straw ornaments.

3. Presents Are Handed Out After Dark

Forget jumping out of bed to tear open your gifts as soon as you wake up. In Sweden, kids and grown-ups wait until the sun sets on Christmas Eve before seeing what Santa left them underneath the tree (never in stockings hung above the fireplace with care). Of course, it helps that darkness falls around 2pm in most parts of the country, so impatient people don’t have to wait too long.

4. And They’re Wrapped with a Rhyme

No store-bought tags for those crafty Swedes. Instead, wrapping is kept simple and the giver will often attach a funny poem or limerick to the package that hints at what’s inside. Hmmm… what rhymes with chunky cardigan, we wonder?

5. Everyone Watches the Same TV Show Every Year

Every Christmas Eve at 3 p.m., Swedes gather around the TV to watch a series of old Donald Duck (“Kalle Anka”) Disney cartoons from the 1950s. It’s pretty much the exact same cartoons every year and even grown-ups join in. Bizarre? Sure. Kitschy and sweet? You bet.

words: AlexiaDellner

6. The Main Meal Is Served Buffet-style

You may be familiar with the Swedish concept of smorgasbord, and on Christmas Eve Swedes celebrate with a julbord. Fish features heavily (smoked salmon, pickled herring and lye-fish), plus ham, sausages, ribs, cabbage, potatoes and of course, meatballs. Meaning that there’s basically something for everyone (even picky Aunt Sally).

7. They Dip in the Pot

While most of the holiday menu is served buffet-style, there is one communal element of the julbord—dopp i grytan, aka dip in the pot. After cooking up the Christmas ham, the broth in which it boiled is strained and reduced then placed on the table for everyone to reach over and dunk in hunks of bread. It's basically a very salty—and very delicious—fondue.

8. Followed by Rice Pudding in the Evening

Because you can never have enough food during the holidays, right? After indulging in a julbord for lunch, an evening meal of rice pudding made with milk and cinnamon is served. Traditionally, the chef puts a single almond into the pudding and whoever finds it will get married in the next year. But Swedes know to save some pudding in the pot—leftovers are served for tomorrow’s breakfast after being fried in butter and topped with sugar. Back in the day, farmers would also leave out some pudding for the farm tomte, a gnome who would take care of the barn and animals if you stayed on his good side. But if you annoyed the tomte (say, by not sharing some of your delicious rice pudding) then your animals could get sick.

9. The Holiday Season Ends on January 13

Just as there’s a clear beginning to the festivities (the first advent), there’s also a defined end. On January 13th (St. Knut's Day), families take down the decorations and dance around the Christmas tree, before tossing it out the window. They also finish eating any remaining Christmas treats. (Maybe just check with your co-op before throwing your tree out.)

"God Jul och Gott Nytt År Merry Christmas & Happy New Year from Sweden!"

Gubbröra on potato with ikura


Gubbröra on potato with ikura

Grilled langoustine on crisp bread with citrus gel and herb cream

Grilled langoustine on crisp bread with citrus gel & herb cream

cold Nordic waters


6 potatoes turned into cylinders

50 g ansjovis (the best you can find)

50 g onion fine chopped

10 gr chives chopped

50 g creme fraiche

10 g dill chopped

1 pcs hard boiled egg chopped 30 g Ikura or other caviar


peel and cut the potato. scoop carefully out most of the middle and bake in oven or deep fry, set aside too cool

combine all the ingredients to fine mixture, taste with salt if needed (depends on the anchovies)

put in piping bag and fill the potato inside, top up with the Ikura or Caviar


6 large langoustine tails shelled and deveined

3 tbs yuzu juice

6 tbsp orange juice 3 tbsp lime juice

3 tbs tangerine juice

1 pcs gelatin leaf soaked in cold water

1 tbsp sugar 50 g mixed herbs 50 g creme fraiche salt to taste



For crisp bread this is a pain in the ass to make so buy any good unsweetened crackers you can get.

combine the juices, sugar and gelatin and melt on medium heat, let cool down ( make one day before and keep in fridge bliz the herbs, salt and creme until nice green color and transfer in piping bag ( make one day before)

Grill or pan fry the langoustines in a nonstick pan for 1 minute on each side, season with salt. put on cracker as you like.

A very old and must have for christmas traditional dish that goes well with Swedish schnapps
Seafood from the
are the
Scottish is fine I love to use the langoustines for its natural sweetness
Photo: Grilled langoustine on crisp bread with citrus gel and herb cream


Cheese & Black Pudding Tartlet To combine black pudding with cheese is my way to have the best in one bite


Place the grated cheese in milk and simmer until melted, season and strain, let cool down completely.

Pour the milk base in a siphon and charge with 2 CO2 chargers, shake well and keep cold

Saute the diced black pudding in a nonstick pan for a few minutes until it starts to release fat, strain and keep warm. Spoon the pudding in tartlets and cover with cheese foam, serve

6 psc
case 100 g
diced 100 g
small tartelette
black pudding
Wästerbotten or aged Gruyere cheese grated
dl full fat milk salt to taste
Photo: Cream Cheese & Black Pudding Tartlet

Crabcookieswithroasted langoustine,vealtrotterand trufflechocolatesauce

CHEF PINO LAVAR ingredients

8 oz Jumbo Langoustine

Fresh crab salad

500g King crab meat

1 avocado 50 gr Mirepoix celery 20 gr Basil

200g low fat mayonnaise

2 Cooked veal shanks 25g capers

1 hard boiled egg

3 salted anchovies 35 ml Sherry vinegar 25 ml Shallot oil

10g Finely shredded Chives

Green Beans Puree

600g Raw French Green Beans M 250g Brunnoise button mushroom

75g Butter

100g Brunnoise of Carrot

100g Brunnoise of Celeriac

200g Double Cream

Truffle Sauce

2 Litres White Chicken Stock Reduced to 400ml

400g Chiffonade of White leek

125g Butter

1 tin Truffle Juice 390ml

250g 10year old Madeira

350g Red Port

Cocoa powder and xanthan to taste

Crab tuile mix:

200g Beurre noisette

200g Flour

200g Egg Whites

100g of Crab reduction to taste

Michelin starred chef- Pino Lavar CSF Int. Qatar Ambassador

Crab salad

Poach a leg of king crab, remove the pulp and season with basil and diced celery, diced avocado and a spoon of mayo Make a disk the same diameter of the cookies and fill one cookie with the mix.

Green Beans Puree

Cook the Green Beans until cooked through Refresh in ice-cold water Drain the beans and blend in thermomixer Pass through a fine Tamis sieve Re weigh 400gms

Cook the brunnoise mushroom in the butter (duxelles), until cooked down with no colour. Mix the two vegetables in a pan with the cream and cook until soft, always stirring with a whisk Allow to cool and mix in the mushroom Then mix brunnoise mix and bean puree together Then season with langoustine oil, white pepper and salt Finally add a few drops of lemon juice to give it balance

Truffle Sauce

Chiffonade the leek and sweat in the butter until translucent, about 5 minutes, then add the hot reduced stock Simmer for 2 minutes, then add the truffle juice and simmer for a further 2 minutes Blend in the thermomixer on high for a few minutes and pass through the fine chinois Flame and reduce the alcohols, once both reduced to heavy syrup pour into the sauce and blend Cool down over ice, whisking to emulsify Adjust with cocoa powder and xanthan to obtain a velvety mayo texture

Salad of veal trotter:

Cook the legs of veal in a broth Once cooked, clean and dress the meat with olive oil, salt, pepper and lemon juice and put in a mold for bowl Once coagulated, cut into small cubes and add it to a brunoised of boiled eggs and a light chopped capers and anchovies Season with sherry vinegar, chives and shallot oil and stew

Crab Tuile

Pre heat oven to 120°C (no 1)

1 With a hand blender mix the butter and egg whites Add the flour, a little at a time until smooth Add the crab reduction to taste Take 100grams of the above mixture and add 150 grams of maple syrup and mix well Spread thinly onto a nonstick mat Half of the biscuits need to be sprinkled with coral powder baking Bake in the preheated oven until slightly holy in appearance

method with love from Qatar





8 quails off the bones for stuffing

1 green apple, tiny chopped

1 small celery heart, tiny chopped

1 small leak, tiny sliced 150 gr. chicken breast, in cubes

1 spoon olive oil

Salt, pepper, rosemary


20 dried prunes 20 small onions 50 gr. butter

4 s. spoons balsamic vinegar 150 ml sweet red wine

Star anis, salt, pepper for the sauce

100 ml. red wine mixed with 1tsp spoon corn flour 1 small cube of butter


Cook stuffing for 10 minutes

Stuff the quails and cook into marinate for 10 minutes at 200 deg. And 20 min at 160 deg. covered

When cooked reduce juice and prepare the sauce by adding the corn flour and butter Serve the quails dressed with onions prunes and wine sauce

ChefEviChioti Cyprus



Hungarians from Eastern Transylvania who settled down in Hungary at the beginning of 1940 s have always kept a special version of their nativity play during their 150 years of isolation

Its words have hardly changed and it is very different to the 18th century style nativity play we see today It is believed to have been written by a monk from the Franciscan monastery in Csiksomlyo and is performed not by children but by men

King Herod makes an appearance with the holy family whilst fur cloths and masks add to this unique historic drama

Shepherds and an angel bring gifts consisting of cheese, lamb and little belts that are offered to the newborn Jesus The tradition also dictates that the men re-enacting this antique nativity play are rewarded with a small barrel of wine

Prior to Christianity Hungarians celebrated the winter solstice and through the long dark winter days magic rituals used to take place

Some of these old rituals are still practiced at Christmas time when honey and fruits are served at the festive table whilst straw is placed beneath it

The belief being that the family will benefit from a fruitful harvest during the forthcoming year as well as good health and continuity of life

For any member of the family that may have died during the year they will still receive a place at the Christmas table where the leftovers from the meal will be left out for them throughout the night


R O L L E D & S T U F F E D


1kg (2lb 4 oz) turkey breast, skin removed

10 cloves of garlic thinly sliced

6 slices of smoked bacon

100ml (3 ½ fl oz) dry white wine

1 onion, sliced

1 tsp smoked paprika

1 tsp dried rosemary

3 large carrots peeled and sliced

2 leeks, washed and trimmed and sliced

Salt and pepper

Ingredients Method

Pre heat the oven to 180C

1/ Make a deep incision along the length and centre of the turkey breast but do not cut through

2/ Season all over with salt pepper and paprika

3/ Place the thinly sliced garlic in the centre of the turkey, roll up and

4/ Wrap the turkey breast all over with the bacon and place in a lightly buttered baking dish

5/ Add the white wine onion leek carrot and rosemary and cover

6/ Cook in the oven for approx 50 minutes then remove the lid,

7/ continuing to cook for an additional 30 minutes basting occasionally with the wine and juices

8/ When ready, leave to cool for 10 minutes before carving

Serve the dish with the vegetables and its juice

Alan Coxon President CSF Int

Locatedat424HarrisStreetUltimo 2007NSWAustralia

Café 424 Christmas Lunch

the onions are very soft Stir in the tablespoon of brown sugar. Cook for a further 5 minutes. Set aside to cool. When assembling the tarts, add a tablespoon of the onion mixture in every tart shell. Mix together the cream and one egg. Spoon two tablespoons of the cream mixture into every tart shell Place in the oven at 150°C for 16 minutes Allow cooling for a few minutes before serving.

Stuffed pork loin roast with roast potatoes, zucchini 1.6kg roast pork loin ½ cup plum jam 1kg potatoes ½ pumpkin 1 zucchini 500g frozen peas Method

Preheat the oven to a hot 200°C Melt a tablespoon of butter Cut the filo pastry into 10cm squares Grabbing one sheet of filo pastry at a time, butter one side and place butter side down in a 12-hole muffin tin Every muffin hole should have three pieces of filo. Place in the oven and bake for 15 minutes or until golden.

For the caramelised onions, slice the onions into skinny rings. Heat a frypan on medium heat and add the onions. Stir well every few minutes. Cook for 20 minutes or until

Preheat the oven to a hot 200°C Place the pork loin roast into a baking tray. Place peeled and sliced potatoes and pumpkin around the roast Bake at 200°C for 20 minutes or until the crackling on top starts to bubble. Turn down the heat to 140°C Cook for one hour Let the roast rest before serving

For the zucchini and frozen peas, microwave for 3-4 minutes in a microwave-safe dish covered with plastic wrap, and allow to stand before serving

Entree: Caramelised onion tartlets ½ packet filo pastry 3x brown
Serves 6
onions 1 tablespoon brown sugar 300ml fresh cream Method



Preheat your slow cooker to LOW (just turn it on before you start). Line it well with baking paper. Separate the eggs, place the egg whites into a clean bowl and beat on HIGH until soft peaks are reached. While still whisking vigorously, slowly add the caster sugar. Sift the corn flour and add it to the mix, Add in the vanilla and vinegar The mixture should be glossy and full Pour into the slow cooker

Place a tea towel over the top, then place the lid on top Cook for 90 minutes Turn off the slow cooker Allow the pavlova to cool forgetting that

Merry Christmas!

cooker pavlova 6x egg whites 1¼ cups caster sugar 1 tablespoon corn flour 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1 teaspoon white vinegar


December in Malta mainly means one thing: Christmas! As a traditionally Roman Catholic country, Christmas is a big event on the Maltese calendar, with several people eagerly decorating their homes for the celebrations as early as an entire month before.

However, December is when it all comes together – with shops opening till late and offering special deals, families, friends, and even coworkers getting together for food and drinks, and decorations lighting up the front of houses, streets, and shops.

Students will also be getting off school thanks to the seasonal holidays, along with

several workers also get a few days off around Christmas Day and New Year’s Day. This means that the island is busy with locals shopping, drinking, dining, and entertaining themselves, alongside many visitors who come to make the best of the warm Christmas

In fact, by Northern European standards, December weather in Malta is rather warm, with sunny days and clear blue skies being common Of course, there’s no guarantee for this, and some past December months have been the opposite


Turkey (approx 4kg)

Bacon sliced (500gr)

Onions (2kg)

Wine dry (1l)

Chicken Stock (2l) Carrots (1kg)

Sausages (2kg) Oil


Minced Beef (500gr) Minced Pork (1kg)

Boiled Eggs (4)

Garlic (50gr)

Salt Pepper Herbs (rosemary, thyme, sage)

Method for the stuffing

In a mixing bowl, add all the mince Chop the eggs and place in the same bowl. Season with salt, pepper and chopped herbs. Add minced garlic and mix all together.

Method for the turkey

Slice the onions and carrots and place them at the bottom of your baking tray Place the turkey on top of the vegetables and season

Place the sausages in the turkey together with an onion

Stuff the turkey with the stuffing you just made. Spread some oil on the turkey and cover in bacon.

Pour in the chicken stock and wine in the tray. Cover turkey legs in foil to keep moisture in and cover the whole tray in foil before placing in the oven

"Traditionally, in Malta, we eat Turkey for Christmas as the main meal after soup and lasagna. Turkey is served with condiments and sauces such as cranberry sauce, roast potatoes and an assortment of vegetables."

LebaneseChristmasRoastedLambShank withOrientalRice

4 servings 2 hours, 45 minutes

ingredients directions

1500 g lamb Shank or 4 pcs

500 ml water

15 g vegetable oil 15 g olive oil

125 g onion, chopped 250 g minced lamb

8 whole cardamom pods

5 g ground cinnamon

2 g ground black pepper

1125 ml Flavored Mutton or Veal Stock, Plus additional quantity

500 g basmati rice, soaked in water for 1 hour and drained

Put lamb shank in oven tray (season with salt, pepper and little of vegetable oil) and place in a 200°C preheated oven for 30 minutes or until it becomes golden brown in color. Add the stock then cover with foil and return into the oven Keep in oven for another 2¼ hours or until the meat is tender Meanwhile, heat oil in a large saucepan, add and cook onions with occasional stirring for 4 minutes or until almost golden Add minced lamb and cook until its brown in color then add cardamom, spices and stir for few seconds. Add rice and stir for 2 minutes then add the additional stock Stir occasionally until it boils then cover and simmer over a low heat for 20-25 minutes or until rice is cooked Spoon the rice in serving platter Remove the lamb meat from bones and arrange them over the rice and garnish with fried nuts and serve plain yogurt aside or an oriental spiced gravy sauce


While roasting the lamb shank, add pieces of onion, carrot, celery and cinnamon sticks and bay leaves to enhance the flavor.

Recipe by Ambassador from Jean Nassar CSF Ambassador for Qatar

serves: 4


2 Lamb shanks (400-450 g each)

2 no Black cardamoms

3 no Bay leaf

4 no green cardamom

1 no Cinnamon stick (2 inch)

100 g Caramelized Onion (golden fried)

3 tsp Reshampatti/ Kashmiri chili (dried whole red chili slit)

½ tsp Turmeric powder

1 bunch mint herb fresh

½ bunch coriander herb fresh

20 g Vetiver roots (optional/available in local regional stores)

2 lt lamb/goat trotters stock (gelatinous stock)

50 ml Ghee

150 g Curd

1 g Saffron

35 ml fresh cream (single cooking)

2 tsp garlic paste

1 tsp ginger paste

Salt as to taste


Put a heavy bottom stock pot (*Handi) over a medium heat and temper whole spices (cardamon bay cinnamon chilies) using ghee

Add to it the ginger garlic lamb shanks caramelized onion turmeric herbs both mint and coriander salt and pot roast until the shanks are seared evenly on all side

Add yogurt and reduce it till it almost dries up later add to it the stock vetiver roots and seal cook/braise it Ensure you check it at regular intervals to ensure it has enough moisture and doesn t burn from the bottom of the pan (Add a little hot water if need be) It may take about 75 minutes on a gentle heat to get tender Continue more of /as needed ensuring there is enough moisture/ stock

Once the lamb shanks have cooked through well/ become tender as it falls off the bone, then remove them from the sauce and strain all the spices off using a cheese cloth Retain the strained stock/

In a clean pan add the strained stock and add single cream cook on slim flan and check for seasoning Add saffron and lime/lemon juice to season it well Put the lamb shanks back in it and simmer it with the sauce napped around it evenly

Its best served with soft kulcha naan or even an oven baked crusty ciabatta as I love it

Garnish with a bit of caramelized onion mint leaf and *saffron cream (optional)

BraisedLambShanks,aromatic“potli spices”,vetiverroots,rosepetals
recipe by Chef Jolly CSF Int India

Christmas in MALAYSIA

With its humid climate and high temperatures, Malaysia is not the typical scene for a white Christmas celebration. Malaysia is also a mostly Islamic nation, meaning many tourists are unsure what to expect when visiting during Christmas

The good news is that Malaysia sure knows how to get into the festive spirit During the lead up to Christmas, and on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, there are no shortage of things to do and ways to join the festivities if you are in Malaysia. Christmas Day is a national public holiday in Malaysia.


Devil’s Curry is a Malaysian dish of chicken curry with vinegar It is a special-occasion dish made popular by the Portuguese Eurasian in Malaysia. The recipe was brought in by the Portuguese in 1511 during the colonization era in Malacca Many Portuguese settled down and married local women and formed the Cristang/Eurasian community in Malacca. Devil’s curry is a special occasion dish for them and of cause is served in Christmas


30 minutes 1 Hour 15 minutes 1 hour 45 minutes

20-30 dried red chilies, seeded and soaked in water for 20-30 minutes

8 small shallots, coarsely chopped

5 cloves garlic, coarsely chopped

3 stalks lemongrass, white part only, thinly sliced

1 tablespoon minced ginger

1 tablespoon minced galangal

1/4 teaspoon ground turmeric

1/4 cup cooking oil

1-2 tablespoons water

Other Ingredients: 1/4 cup cooking oil

1 tablespoon mustard seeds

3 lbs. (1.3 kg) chicken, cut into pieces

1 lb (0 4 kg) potatoes, peeled and cut into pieces

1 cup water

Salt and sugar to taste

2 tablespoons distilled white vinegar

Cilantro, for garnishing



In a blender, transfer all the ingredients for the Spice Paste and puree until smooth Set aside

In a heavy pot, heat up the oil on medium heat When the oil is heated, add the mustard seed and cook until you can hear the popping sound from the mustard seeds

Add the Spice Paste into the oil and fry until aromatic, about 10 minutes or until the oil separates and floats to the top.

Add the chicken, stir to coat with the spice paste Let cook for about 8-10 minutes, add in the potatoes. Stir to combine well.

Mexican Christmas Salad


6 large romaine lettuce leaves, washed

1 medium sized beet, cooked and sliced ½ cup of the beet cooking water

1 ripe plantain, but still firm, cubed

1 cup of jicama peeled and sliced

1 apple in cubes

1 large orange, peeled and cut into segments ⅓ cup of roasted peanuts

¼ cup orange juice

Sugar to taste


If you use fresh beets do not remove the skin before cooking Cook in a small amount of water until tender about 15-18 minutes Cooking time will depend on the size and freshness of the beets After cooking, reserve ½ cup of cooking water

When the beets are slightly cool, remove the skins/hulls gently with a paper towel You will see that the skin comes off very easily

For the first layer of the salad, place 3 large romaine lettuce leaves on a large plate Finely slice the other 3 sheets and set aside

Arrange beet slices (or cubes), plantain, jicama, and apples

Top with orange wedges, finely chopped lettuce, and toasted peanuts

For the dressing, mix the reserved ½ cup of the beet cooking water, the orange juice with sugar to taste, sprinkle over the salad Serve immediately

You can use canned beets if you can't find fresh ones

Traditionally, the salad used to be presented with sliced fruit, but today there are many preparations You can cut them fruits or cut them into squares Or like I did, make a mixture of diced ingredients.

This is just a sample of the traditional salad with the basic ingredients, but the possibilities are endless using some of the other ingredients listed above Use your creativity to improve this salad

Mexican Christmas Turkey


1 turkey of 7-8 kilos

½ k of minced meat between beef and pork

100 gr of chopped York ham

100 gr of chopped bacon

100 grams of butter

1 cup finely chopped celery

1 cup of chopped onion

1 cup fried or baked croutons or croutons

2 cups of chopped nuts (almonds, raisins, peanuts, walnuts, peaches, pears and dried bananas)

2 liters of fruit juice

1 cup of white wine

Salt, chili and pepper to taste

2 tablespoons of flour

1 oven bag to put the turkey


Clean and wash the turkey very well inside In a deep tray pour the fruit juice and marinate the turkey overnight

In a frying pan, fry the bacon and the ham with 2 tablespoons of butter Reserve With the same fat fry the minced meat, add the onion

Add the celery, dried fruit, croutons and white wine Cook over high heat for 5 minutes. Let cool.

Brush the turkey inside and out with butter, salt, chili and pepper

Fill with the preparation and close the turkey with kitchen string, and tie the legs

In the bag empty the flour and shake That way the turkey won't stick

Put the turkey in the bag and close it well, making some incisions in it

Bake at 180 ° C It will be ½ hour for each kilo Serve this dish with mashed potatoes and cooked vegetables

This delicious Mexican-style turkey preparation, although laborious, will leave your guests delighted, it is special for a Christmas dinner or for large celebrations. If you dare, this recipe could become everyone ' s favorite



For the holidays, I enjoy fresh oysters every year, which are in abundance on the market

Every year, together with simple fresh oysters with lemon juice and ground pepper, I create a different recipe like American or BBQ or Thai oysters

This year I plan to do oysters in jelly

I am also delighted to share a recipe from my Christmas menu

This recipe is also my submission to the competition of "The best Fish Chef in Belgium 2023"

Happy holidays to everyone

Chef Bruno Elsier CSF International member from Belgium
The best Fish Chef in Belgium 2023


Mousse and flan of shrimp with sole, cherry beer and speculoos


250g unpeeled shrimp (makes 100 peeled)

500 peeled shrimp

500 sole (2x 250g gives 4 complete fillets)


Peel all prawns, use 400g for the mousse and 200g for garnish

Fry 75g of the skin, pat dry and let it cool (once cooled blend in the TM to dust) and use the rest for the fish fumet

Fillet the sole and cut 2 circles (diam 7cm) from each fillet and keep fresh, the remaining sole is for the mousse and the bones for the fish fumet


50 unsalted butter

1 bottle of cherry beer

1 onion

1 branch celery


Fry the bones of the sole and peel of the shrimps with the butter and add the finely chopped vegetables, let it simmer for a few minutes

Deglaze with cherry beer, add a bunch of herbs and let it boil gently for 15 minutes, strain and season, reserve


120g sole pieces

300g shrimp

80g protein

160g fish fumet from cherry beer

ShopOnline Enjoy our ever growing online store with premium products direct from suppliers. To add your products to the store please email: info@csfintcom www.csfint.com/shop CSF-int Registered association number W241006753

LEG OF LAMB with oriental rice


3kg lamb leg

150g grape seed oil

15g oriental 7 spices

10g oriental sweet pepper

7g cinamon powder

5g ginger powder

10g knoor maggie beef cube

10g maggie tomatoes

10g maggie saffron

10g knoor maggie vegetables

5g cardomon seeds

5g cinamon sticks

7g black pepper seeds

5g coriander seeds

2 pieces of dry lemon

5 pieces of bayleaves

5g cloves seeds


set the oven at 150 degrees clean the lamb leg properly mix the dry spices with grape seed oil until it becomes homogen paste massage the paste onto the lamb add the seeds and leaves cook for about 2 hours, then cover lamb with butter paper and aluminium foil, then continue to cook for 4 hours.


150g celery roots

100g leek roots

250g red onions

50g garlic

200g carrots

350g tomatoes


cleanall the veggies cut all the veggies into macedoine cut add the veggies to the lamb before 2 hours cooking



1kg American rice

500g ground beef

100g grape seed oil

20g knoor maggie cube beef

10g knoor maggie cube veggies

10g knoor maggie saffron

5g oriental 7 spices

5g sweet pepper

5 black pepper flakes

2 bay leaves

1 stick of cinnamon

2g cardamon seeds

2 slices dry lemon

2g black pepper seeds


be sure to rinse the rice several times until the water is clean and transparent set the rice aside for 1 hour to absorb the water

in a heated rice pot, add grape seed oil then add all the spice ingredients and mix well after 3 minutes add the balance of the ingredients and mix well lastly, add the rice and mix well adding water from the rice and cook for 15 minutes


30g unsalted butter

30g white flour

1litre lamb leg stock

10g oriental 7 spices

5g sweet pepper

5g cinamon powder

3g cardamon powder

5g black pepper

20g knorr maggie beef cube


in a sauce pot, add the unsalted butter and then flour to make a roux cook well add seasoning to the roux and mix well add the lamb stock gently into the sauce and mix well cook well for about 5 minutes

10g knorr cube veggie salt for taste strain and serve with the lamb and oriental rice


Day 1

Stage 1 – Marzipan Filling

Ingredients Bakers % Grams

Ground Almonds 100 132 Caster Sugar 25 33 Icing Sugar 25 33 Glucose Syrup 14 18 Orange Extract 1.5 2 Amaretto 9 12 (174 50) (230)


1. Gently combine all ingredients together on a mixer with a beater attachment

2 Wrap airtight in clingfilm and allow to rest for at least 24 hours

Note: Do not overmix, as the oil will release from the almonds and cause the mass to separate.

Stage 2 – Stollen Spice Mix

Ingredients Bakers % Grams

Ground Cardamon 100 0.5

Ground Ginger 100 0 5

Ground Nutmeg 100 0 5

Ground Cinnamon 100 0.5 Ground Clove 100 0.5 Ground Coriander 100 0 5 (600) (3)


1. Mix all spices together.

uit Soa kin Nuts p the
5 –
Ingredients Bakers % Grams Spelt Flour 33 5 97 Fresh Yeast 5 14 Water 25.75 75 (64.25) (186) Method
Calculate dough
(DT) to
and mix
2. Rest
mpkin Puree
t e down stir in t cool re
together for 1 minute.
for 30 minutes.

Stage 6

Butter Mixture

Method 1 Mix all the ingredients together to form a smooth paste. Note: Use a mixer with a beater or creamer attachment.

Stage 7 – Final Dough Ingredients Bakers % Grams Ferment (from above) 64.25 1 86 Butter Mixture (from above) 71 8 208 Pumpkin Mash (from above) 70 202 Spelt Flour 33 95 Fruit Mixture (from above) 106.7 309 (345 75) (1000) Marzipan (optional from above) Method 1. Mix the Ferment, Butter Mixture, Pumpkin Mash and Spelt Flour together with a dough hook for 4 minutes on slow speed, followed by 2 minutes on medium speed

Allow the dough to rest for 5 minutes before gently folding in the Fruit Mixture.

Mould into a Stollen shape with an optional Marzipan rope centre

Prove in Stollen forms/tins for approx 20 – 30 minutes

Bake at 210oc falling to 190oc for 45 – 50 minutes

Check that a minimum core temp of 94oc is reached to avoid collapse!

Cool slightly and brush with Rum and Melted Butter, and roll in Caster Sugar

When fully cool, roll in Sweet Snow or Icing Sugar and wrap airtight.

Ingredients Bakers % Grams Unsalted Butter (14oc) 44 127 Honey 12 35 Milk Powder 3.4 10 Stollen Spice 1.2 3 Salt 1.8 5 Raw Marzipan 7 20 Vanilla Extract 1 5 4 Almond Flavour 0.9 3 (71.80) (208)




1 Whole egg (420g)

2 Pâte de marrons (360g)

3 Crème de marrons 360g)

4 White chocolate (310g)

5 Unsalted butter 82% (230g)

6 Flour T55 (110g)

7 Dark rum (20ml)

Add the crème de marrons the pâte de marrons and the dark rum in a mixer and mix with the pedal

Add the melted white chocolate and then the melted butter

Whisk softly the whole eggs and add them in the mixture At the end add the flour

Place in a tray with parchment paper and bake in a preheated oven at 170°C for about 12 minutes



1 Crème de marrons (1100g)

2 Pâte de marrons (480g)

3 Dark rum (112g)

Mix everything together in a mixer with the pedal



1 Whole milk (750g)

2 Vanilla pods (3 Pieces)

3 Caster sugar (186g)

4 Egg yolks (225g)

5 Silver gelatine leaves (9 Leaves)

6 Whipped cream (1200g)

In a saucepan, infuse the vanilla and the milk

In a bowl, whisk the sugar and the eggs

Soften the gelatines in cold water and whip the cream

Cook the infused milk with the eggs and sugar mixture like a crème anglaise at 83°C Pass through a chinois, and add the gelatines

When the cream has cooled down mix in the whipped cream with a Maryse Mould in silicon moulds immediately and freeze



1 White chocolate (200g)

2 Cocoa butter (200g)

3 Silver powder (10g)

Melt the white chocolate and the cocoa butter and spray the cakes

Place the crème de marrons in a piping bag with a vermicelli tip and decorate the inner part of your silicone moulds Freeze them

Then pour the crème bavaroise in the moulds and freeze again

Cut the biscuit, same diameter as your moulds

Unmould the crème bavaroise and place it on top of the biscuit

Spray with the white chocolate spray

Decorate with a marron confit and a piece of chocolate decor


Konstantinou Kanari 40, Paphos, Cyprus, 8010 Mobile +357 26 422220 Email info@georgesalain.com Website http://www.georgesalain.com/


It’s no secret that Colombians love to eat an unholy amount of food year-round, but it’s extra true at Christmas and New Year’s Traditional dishes, like torta negra, buñuelos, and natilla (read The 5 Colombian Christmas foods you have to try in December), have been around for years, passed from generation to generation in an effort to keep traditions alive And if there’s something that unites people in this country, it’s the amazing food we have the pleasure to enjoy

Torta negra is essentially a cake made with candied fruits and a mixture of rum and wine It’s dense and filled with prunes, raisins, and figs, and flavored with spices Sometimes it even has nuts like almonds or

hazelnuts, chocolate, etc It’s said that the recipe comes from the Welsh when they first immigrated to Argentina and Venezuela by boat Women on board made a cake with candied fruit, honey, and rum in an effort to prepare something that could be made fast and would keep its consistency so that it could be transported later In some Latin American countries, it’s still called torta negra Galesa (Welsh black cake), but when it arrived in Colombia, its name was changed to torta negra Colombiana (Colombian black cake)

It is an icon of Colombian gastronomy longed for wherever you want, it is delicious alone or accompanied a rich detail to share or give as a gift and excellent as a dessert


The black cake is one of the most popular icons of Colombian pastry that is traditionally enjoyed with family and friends in Christmas


450g Aquafava 115g Muscovado sugar 90g Rum (liquor or essence ) 450g Vegetable shortening 450g Coconut sugar 300g Raisins 150g Almonds 150g Pistachios 300g Prunes 150g Raspberries 150g Blueberries

powder 1 lemon

Before you start with the preparation of the dessert, you must leave the raisins and prunes (separately) soaked in red wine or grape concentrated juice/sydra (if no alcohol is consumed) for 15 days

Columbian Black Cake Method

Heat the muscovado sugar in a saucepan over high heat until it turns dark in color, lower the heat and add the rum, mix well and set aside

Beat vegetable shortening and coconut sugar until creamy Add the raisins, almonds, pistachios, plums, raspberries, and blueberries Mix carefully, with spatula (NB: reserve the juice from the raisins and prunes for later)

Add the flour, baking powder and melao (muscabo sugar mixture) alternately to the butter mixture

Beat the aquafaba until stiff and add the lemon juice Add the aquafaba to the flour mixture with encircling movements

Finally, grease a mould and pour the prepared mixture

Pour the prepared mixture and bake in a preheated oven at 180C, for approximately 50 minutes or until a knife inserted comes out clean

Once out of the oven and still warm, pour on the rest of the juice reserve from the raisins and prunes Cover for 20 minutes and cool down to serve

To decorate, add some dark chocolate ganache, some pistachios and nuts on tope with a plant based custard cream (Optional)

4g Pepper 4g Cloves 10g Baking
Christmas LE MERIDIAN WAY...
Photo: Pandoro Bread

hristmas the festival of joy is in many ways, the pandora box of happiness with part of this happiness stems from the culture and cuisine associated with the festival

For us in India the practice of cake mixing begins quite early, mostly in the first week of November itself It is an age-old tradition where kilograms of dry fruits nuts and spices are combined together to form a mixture This mixture is then soaked in alcoholic blends for some days to let them soak all the flavors and aroma Since alcohol is a preservative, the mixture is preserved for a long time period It is said that preserving the cake mix for a year can attract good luck and harmony

The ceremony marks the advent of the festive season and through this we look forward to spreading the warmth of this season of merry making this ceremony which encourages ” In the end it is food that is the thread that binds cultures societies and festivities together

No Christmas celebration is complete without a typical Christmas pudding and Plum cake using typical British alcohol, carefully intertwined with traditional ingredients to provide a modern twist to a festive recipe

For cake mixing, almonds, cashews, raisins, cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, dried ginger, candied fruits, prunes, walnuts, are mixed together The alcohols used are Cognac VSOP and VS brandy and dark rum to name a few In the spirit of Christmas here are 2 traditional recipes with a twist

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Pandoro Bread


60ml Warm Water

30g Yeast

5g Sugar

20g Egg Yolk

28g Flour

For Dough

680g Flour

140g Egg Yolk

30g Butter

50 ml Water

2 Eggs

1 Lemon Zest

1 Vanilla Pod


Make the Starter with water,yeast, sugar, flour & egg yolk and Refrigerate for 2 hours

Mix egg yolk, egg,yellow co-lour and water together

Mix softened butter lemon zest & vanilla bean in the above mix

Finally fold in flour and knead for a few minutes

Add starter in the above mix

Knead the mix to make a dough

Prove the dough to attain required volume

Knock back and put the dough in the Pandoro mould

Prove it till it comes to 3⁄4 of the mould

Bake it at 170 C for 20 min

Serve it with Pomegranate salad and Crème Fraiche

Christmas Pudding


Dry fruits

6 Kg Currants

12 Kg Sultanas

12 Kg Raisins

5 Kg Mixed Peel

2 25 Kg Prunes

750g Stem Ginger

2 6 Kg Muscavado Sugar

Mixed Spice


4 Kg Apple(1⁄2 Cooking + 1⁄2 Braeburn)

2 250 Kg Orange Segments

Orange Zest of 5 oranges

Lemon Zest of 5 lemons

To be added in the end

1 8 Kg Whole Egg

2 7 Kg Flour

1 5 Kg Bread Crumb

1 5 Kg Vegetarian Suet



7 5 pints Guiness

570ml Grand Marnier

1 2l Brandy

1 2l Madeira

1 2l Sherry

1 2l Dark Rum

7 5 pints London Pride/ Perroni

Mix all dry ingredients in a container Pour liquor over mixed dry ingredients and leave to soak for 2 months in the fridge

Churn the mix everyday so that fruit absorbs liqueur equally Grate apples, chop oranges and mix Mix flour bread crumb whole egg vegetarian suet Finally mix with fruit mix

Keep the mix in desired moulds and steam it at 90c for 4 1/2 hours



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