Page 1

May 2016, Volume 18 – Number 5 • cotsjournalonline.com

The Journal of Military Electronics & Computing JOURNAL

Box-Level Solutions Enable Vehicle Networking

JEFF'S PICKS! TOP RUGGED DISPLAYS TACTICAL RADIOS LEVERAGE SYNTHETIC INSTRUMENTATION DATA SHEET: SMALL FORM FACTOR BOARDS An RTC Group Publication


Innovation

That’s Trusted.

IS

YOUR CRITICAL SERVER TECHNOLOGY COMING FROM UNTRUSTED,

OVERSEAS MANUFACTURERS?

YOU HAVE AN AMERICAN-MADE ALTERNATIVE. MERCURY SYSTEMS’ ATCA BLADES OFFER SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE, SYSTEM INTEGRITY AND A TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN. ELIMINATE THE RISK. GO WITH A TRUSTED SOURCE FOR YOUR BLADE SERVER NEEDS.

Data Center Blade

Features

ATCA Blade

Open Systems

Intel® Xeon® Processors

High Processing Density

Fast Switch Fabrics

System Management

?

Trusted and Secure

Visit mrcy.com/ATCA to download our technical whitepaper: Next-Generation Secure AdvancedTCA Ecosystem Supports Critical Defense Applications Copyright © 2016 Mercury Systems and Innovation That Matters are trademarks of Mercury Systems, Inc. 3150


The Journal of Military Electronics & Computing JOURNAL

CONTENTS

COTS (kots), n. 1. Commercial off-the-shelf. Terminology popularized in 1994 within U.S. DoD by SECDEF Wm. Perry’s “Perry Memo” that changed military industry purchasing and design guidelines, making Mil-Specs acceptable only by waiver. COTS is generally defined for technology, goods and services as: a) using commercial business practices and specifications, b) not developed under government funding, c) offered for sale to the general market, d) still must meet the program ORD. 2. Commercial business practices include the accepted practice of customer-paid minor modification to standard COTS products to meet the customer’s unique requirements. —Ant. When applied to the procurement of electronics for he U.S. Military, COTS is a procurement philosophy and does not imply commercial, office environment or any other durability grade. E.g., rad-hard components designed and offered for sale to the general market are COTS if they were developed by the company and not under government funding.

May 2016 Volume 18 Number 5

FEATURED p.10 Rugged Box Systems Enable Vehicle Mobile Networking SPECIAL FEATURE Military Vehicles Embrace Mobile Networking

DEPARTMENTS

10  Rugged Box Systems Enable Vehicle Mobile Networking

6 Editorial

16

8

The Inside Track

33

COTS Products

50

Marching to the Numbers

Ship Shaping the Future

Jeff Child

Technology Shifts Drive Vehicle Mounted Computing Choices John McKown, Octagon Systems

JEFF’S PICKS Jeff Child’s Top Rugged Display Solutions 20

Display System Blends Zero Client Virtualization and Power-over-Ethernet Jeff Child

SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Test and Instrumentation for Defense 24

Synthetic Instrumentation Aids Tactical Radio Testing – Part I Ian Williams, Michael S. Caulfield, Steve Fairbanks, Astronics Test Systems

Coming in June See Page 48 On The Cover: VICTORY is a set of standards which will enable several of the vehicle C4ISR/EW components to be interoperable. The Army and the Marines are both pursuing VICTORY capability for the M-ATV MRAP variant. Shown here is an M-ATV after being offloaded from a C-17 Globemaster III. (USAF photo/Senior Airman Susan Tracy).

DATA SHEET Small Form Factor Boards Roundup 28 29

Mini-ITX and Others Lead Small-Sized Board Advances Jeff Child

Small Form Factor Boards Roundup

Digital subscriptions available: cotsjournalonline.com

COTS Journal | May 2016

3


WHY CHOOSE NOVASOM?

JOURNAL

NOVAsom Industries provides the added value of design creativity, offering tailormade solutions to both industrial and multimedia markets. We specialize in proposing innovative options to improve productivity, time to market, and reach a truly competitive advantage.

The Journal of Military Electronics & Computing

Editorial EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Jeff Child, jeffc@rtcgroup.com EXECUTIVE EDITOR Johnny Keggler, johnnyk@rtcgroup.com SENIOR EDITOR Clarence Peckham, clarencep@rtcgroup.com

In addition to the embedded computing industry, NOVAsom is involved in the newest high level video technologies, including 4K displays. The 2 key differences that make us stand out are our 32/64 bit full architecture and the ability to provide interface to ANY display/sensor combination.

MANAGING EDITOR James Pirie, jamesp@rtcgroup.com

Art/Production ART DIRECTOR Jim Bell, jimb@rtcgroup.com GRAPHIC DESIGNER Hugo Ricardo, hugor@rtcgroup.com

Advertising

5

WESTERN REGIONAL SALES MANAGER Mark Dunaway, markd@rtcgroup.com (949) 226-2023

8

single board computer

single board computer

6

EASTERN REGIONAL SALES MANAGER Ruby Brower, rubyb@rtcgroup.com (949) 226-2004

Z

single board computer

Finance

single board computer

CONTROLLER Trudi Walde, trudiw@rtcgroup.com (949) 226-2000

7

Publisher

single board computer

PRESIDENT John Reardon, johnr@rtcgroup.com

7b

VICE PRESIDENT Aaron Foellmi, aaronf@rtcgroup.com

smart delivery

5

8

full development kit

full development kit

NOVAsom8© is a module card designed with a System On Module (SOM) architecture full development kit full development kit based on quad core ARM Cortex-A9 from 512MB to 4GB of 64 bit DDR3 Memory.

6

Z

• Processor CortexA9 Freescale • IMX6 Quad Core full development kit • 4GB RAM Memory • 32GB FLASH Memory (eMMC) • USD memory slot • SATA II • Ethernet 10/100/1000 • USB host/device and OTG • HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface)

7

COTS Journal HOME OFFICE The RTC Group 905 Calle Amanecer, Suite 150 San Clemente, CA 92673 Phone: (949) 226-2000 Fax: (949) 226-2050 www.rtcgroup.com EDITORIAL OFFICE Jeff Child, Editor-in-Chief Phone: (603) 429-8301 PUBLISHED BY THE RTC GROUP Copyright 2016, The RTC Group. Printed in the United States. All rights reserved. All related graphics are trademarks of The RTC Group. All other brand and product names are the property of their holders.

www.novasomindustries.com

5

single board computer

4

8

single board computer

COTS Journal | May 2016

6

single board computer

Z


LAND

SEA

AIR

Ruggedized Products That You Can Count On. No Matter Where You Are. All of Cemtrol’s products are designed and developed with the intention of delivering high performance, high reliability, low weight, and cost. Thus ensuring that in even the most harsh environments our products will be there to deliver as promised. RADAR DISPLAY CONSOLE* (RDC): The RDC can be used in several areas such as C4I, commercial applications, civil air, maritime traffic control applications, and other field installations. The RDC comes fitted with a high-performance Radar Data Acquisition and processing platform that can capture and process one or two radar videos. Also included are 24” LCD Monitor displays with an optional touch screen and a 10.4” Monitor with a multi-touch screen. MINI-TIGER SYSTEM: The Mini-Tiger System is a ruggedized portable PC. Enclosure design features EMI/RFI shielding that complies with current MIL standards. Most of the components of the Mini-Tiger system are COTS using the latest technology available. The unit comes with built-in AIS and GPS and a 10.4” detachable sunlight readable LCD monitor with integrated multi-touch feature, and custom keypads. For more information on these and other products, please contact us at:

3035 E La Jolla St., Anaheim, CA. 92806 (714) 666-6606 • cemtrol@cemtrol.com www.cemtrol.com *Cemtrol consoles can be customized to support other applications per customer requirements in a very quick turnaround time.


EDITORIAL Jeff Child, Editor-in-Chief

Ship Shaping the Future

I

’ve spoken a lot in this column over the past couple years in praise of Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter. That’s probably not a big surprise given the technology bent of COTS Journal. Dr. Carter has a background as a theoretical physicist and is a former Harvard professor, just to cite some of his impressive background. The three SecDefs previous to Carter for their part have all expressed how critical technology is to the U.S. military. But his science and technology background quite frankly makes his perspective on the subject a cut above that of his predecessors when it comes to technology. Continuing that trend, Secretary Carter in his speech at the Navy League Sea-Air-Space-Convention this month spelled out what’s happening in the Navy side of things in terms of technology and procurement to meet the challenges we face today and tomorrow. While he hit numerous topics in this speech, I’ll focus here on the technologyrelated items. Regarding the DoD’s 2017 budget submission, he talked about the plans increase the number of ships to meet the department’s 308ship posture requirement by 2021. It also invest in ways to make the Navy’s weapons more lethal, as well as making our ships harder to find and harder to attack. With that in mind, the investments reflect an emphasis on payloads over just platforms alone, according to Carter. It includes for example $29.4 billion to buy nine Virginia-class attack submarines over the next five years. Four of those submarines will be equipped with a versatile Virginia Payload Module, which can more than triple each submarine’s strike capacity. The budget also invests a total of $18.3 billion to buy two Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers each year over the next five years—a total of 10—as well as nearly $3 billion for modernizing destroyers, 12 of which will also receive upgrades to their combat systems. It continues to support 11 carrier strike groups, investing a total of more than $13 billion for new construction of Ford-class carriers, and it supports modernizing guided missile cruisers. The DoD is also investing a total of $8 billion in a wide range of versatile munitions, including buying more of the Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile. Meanwhile, the Navy also plans increases of the Navy and the Marine Corps F-35 procurements while also completing procurement in the advanced P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol and surveillance aircraft. And it’s buying an additional 16 F/A-18E/F Super Hornet fighter jets between now and FY 2018. One the subject of technology specifically, Carter remarked “One of my top priorities as Secretary of Defense is to build, and in some cases to rebuild, the bridges between the Pentagon and the innovative

6

COTS Journal | May 2016

business community that for decades has buttressed one of America’s greatest strengths, namely superior technology. When I began my career, most technology of consequence originated in America, and much of that was sponsored by the government, particularly by the Department of Defense,” he said. “Now, today, we’re still major sponsors, but much more technology is commercial and the technology base is global.” As result, the technologies once possessed by only the most formidable militaries have now come into the hands of previously lesscapable militaries and even non-state actors. Meanwhile, nations like Russia and China are modernizing their militaries to try to close the technology gap, according to Carter. “So to stay ahead of those challenges, to stay the best, and to keep our edge, we’re investing aggressively in high-end innovation.” he said. With that in mind, the DoD’s budget invests nearly $72 billion in R&D. “To give you a little context, that’s more than double what Apple, Intel and Google spent on R&D last year combined”, said Carter, “That includes $12.5 billion specifically invested in science and technology to support groundbreaking work happening in the military services in our dozens of DoD labs and engineering centers across the country and at DARPA.” The SecDef also discussed some recent enhancements to the Defense Innovation Unit Experimental, or DIUx. The DIUx is essentially an outpost of the Pentagon on the West Coast (Silicon Valley)–to help broaden the range of great companies that the DoD works with. The effort has launched and funded Manufacturing Innovation Institutes across the country to advance emerging technologies like flexible hybrid electronics. According Carter, these will make it possible to seamlessly print lightweight, flexible, structural integrity sensors right onto the surface of ships and aircraft; revolutionary textiles which combine fibers and yarns with all manner of embedded circuitry and power cells. There’s seems little doubt that our country’s technology edge continues to be a high priority for the DoD. It’s great to have a Secretary of Defense who makes the case for technology with such a depth of detail. As the premier magazine covering technology applied to defense applications, that’s a welcome sign for us on COTS Journal. The embedded computing and electronics technologies developed by our embedded computing industry will continue to play a key role as the Navy strives to keep its technology investments in ship shape.


Military Power System Solutions Mil-STD Compliant High Efficiency Field Proven

MPS — MINV Military Power System  Input phase matching meets MIL-STD-1339 Requirement < 3%  Frequency conversion: 60Hz to 400Hz or 400Hz to 60Hz  Voltage conversion; 115V 3-Phase input to 230V Single Phase or 3-Phase output  Power conditioning; “dirty” input power reformed to clean sine-wave output power  System monitoring via RS-232 or Ethernet  Total system output power 3600W

Military Power Supply  AC Input: 200VacL-L  PFC at AC input  DC Output: 28V, 30V, 48V, &

programmable options  1U rack mount (17" x 19.6")  Low weight — 25 lbs. www.SynQor.com

1-978-849-0600

Military Power Inverter  DC Input: -28 model:

22V - 33V -180 model: 135V - 234V  AC Output: 115Vac or 230Vac, Single Phase or 3-Phase  1U rack mount (17" x 22.4")  Low weight — 30 lbs. Made in the United States of America


The

INSIDE TRACK US Navy Accepts Delivery of Future USS Zumwalt The Navy this month accepted delivery of future USS Zumwalt (DDG 1000), the lead ship of the Navy’s next-generation of multimission surface combatants. Ship delivery follows extensive tests, trials and demonstrations of the ship’s hull, mechanical, and electrical systems including the ship’s boat handling, anchor and mooring systems as well as major demonstrations of key systems. The 610foot, wave-piercing tumblehome ship design provides a wide array of advancements. The shape of the superstructure and the arrangement of its antennas significantly reduce radar cross section, making the ship less visible to enemy radar

at sea (Figure 1). Zumwalt is the first U.S. Navy surface combatant to employ an innovative and highly survivable Integrated Power System (IPS) distributing 1000 volts of direct current across the ship. The IPS’ unique architectural capabilities include the ability to allocate all 78 megawatts of installed power to propulsion, ship’s service, and combat system loads from the same gas turbine prime movers based on operational requirements. Following delivery and a crew certification period at General DynamicsBath Iron Works, the ship will be commissioned in Baltimore Oct. 15. Zumwalt will then transit to

Harris Awarded $96 Million Contract for its Precision Approach Radars

pioneering the development of air traffic control and 3-D air defense radars for tactical applications. Harris PAR systems are used extensively today by the U.S. military and more than 20 international allies.

Harris has received an eightyear, $96 million ceiling, singleaward IDIQ contract from the U.S. Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) to supply precision approach radars (PAR) to the U.S. Navy, Air Force and Army. The contract was awarded during the fourth quarter of Harris’ fiscal 2016. Under the contract, Harris will supply highperformance PAR systems to help the three services upgrade their precision approach and military air traffic management capabilities (Figure 2). According to Harris, its military precision approach radars combine considerable technical capability with high levels of reliability and affordability. Harris has produced sophisticated radar technology for more than 70 years, 8

COTS Journal | May 2016

Figure 1 The shape of the Zumwalt’s superstructure and the arrangement of its antennas significantly reduce radar cross section, making the ship less visible to enemy radar at sea.

her homeport in San Diego where Mission Systems Activation will continue in parallel with a Post Delivery Availability.

General Dynamics Bath Iron Works Bath, ME (207)443-3311 www.gdbiw.com

Harris Melbourne, FL (321) 727-9100 www.harris.com

Mercury Systems Chosen as Intel FPGA Group Platinum Partner Mercury Systems has announced that it has been selected to join Intel’s FPGA technologybased Design Solutions Network (DSN) as a platinum-tier provider, giving Mercury customers enhanced access to a rich portfolio of FPGA and IP solutions that Intel acquired with Altera. Altera is now the Intel Programmable Solutions

Figure 2 Harris will supply high-performance supply precision approach radars (PAR) systems to help the three services upgrade their precision approach and air traffic management capabilities. Group (PSG). The DSN program unifies the former Altera Design Services Network, AMPP and board/COTS members into a single program with common membership criteria and benefits. The collaboration facilitates

the close support required for early access to FPGA devices. example, Mercury has recently successfully pre-integrated server-class Intel Xeon E5 processors with the latest Intel PSG FPGAs into SWaPefficient, rugged, scalable modules.


The

INSIDE TRACK Mercury Systems Chelmsford, MA (866) 627-6951. www.mrcy.com.

Textron Systems Expands Unmanned Systems Service & Support Center

Figure 3 The new Textron facilities include an engine test cell, air vehicle test cell, along with space for air vehicle assembly, composite and engine maintenance, repair and operations. Mercury technology enables the most capable commercial processors to be densely packaged into secure, embedded, open system processing blades for reliable, full-speed deterministic processing subsystems. These processing

solutions are well suited to streaming low-latency signal processing applications and distributed networks including next-generation radar, complex image intelligence (IMINT), and multi-functional sensor chain applications.

Textron Systems Unmanned Systems , a Textron business, has announced the construction completion and grand opening of the company’s new unmanned aircraft system (UAS) training and maintenance facility, the Unmanned Systems Service & Support Center, in Blackstone, Va. To celebrate the opening of the expanded Unmanned Systems Service & Support Center, Textron Systems hosted tours and held a ribbon-cutting ceremony at the facility. Attendees also watched as the company demonstrated the Aerosonde Small Unmanned

Aircraft System , as well as the Shadow M2—which both operate under Federal Aviation Administration Certificates of Authorization (COA) at the facility. Located on the Allen C. Perkinson Airport/Blackstone Army Airfield taxiway, the new 14,700 square-foot facility will span across two buildings and expand Textron Systems’ space by approximately 1,700 square feet. The new facility includes three classrooms with capacity for 12 students in each, as well as two simulator rooms that can operate up to 12 total flight simulators. The facilities also include an engine test cell, air vehicle test cell, along with space for air vehicle assembly, composite and engine maintenance, repair and operations (Figure 3). Textron Systems Hunt Valley, MD (410) 666-1400 www.textronsystems.com

MILITARY MARKET WATCH

Armored Vehicles Market Worth $31.26 Billion by 2021 According to a new report, now available from ASDReports, armored vehicles market is estimated to reach $31.26 billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 5.6 percent from 2016 to 2021 (Figure 4). This growth can be attributed to the increasing incidences of armed conflicts, violence, and terrorism, which are driving the demand for armored vehicles, among defense and commercial end users, globally. The global armored vehicles market is dominated by the commercial application segment, as of 2016, and is expected to continue its dominance till 2021. This dominance can be attributed to the rising incidences of civil unrest, political disputes, and terrorism that have driven governments, embassies, VIPs, and banks to procure more advanced and reliable armored vehicles for protection. In the report the armored vehicles market has been segmented and analyzed in terms of

product, namely, SUV, Sedan, Limousine, Bus/ Van, among others. The global market is dominated by the SUV segment and this segment is also projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period, primarily driven by the increasing use of armored SUVs by government and embassy officials, VIPs, and in cash-in-transit applications, globally. The Middle East and Asia-Pacific are expected to drive the growth of the global armored vehicles market in the coming years, with the Asia-Pacific market projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period, 2016 to 2021. This rapid growth of the Asia-Pacific market can be attributed to the increasing research and development activities undertaken in the region for the development of advanced and hybrid designs of armored vehicles for enhanced border and maritime patrolling or ISR functions, increasing military expenditures and military mod-

Figure 4 According to ASDReports, the armored vehicles market is estimated to reach $31.26 Billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 5.6 percent from 2016 to 2021.

ernization programs of major economies of the region, and rising demand for light or mediumsized armored vehicles for patrolling operations, primarily owing to rising threats of cross-border terrorism. ASD Media Amsterdam, The Netherlands +31 (0)20 486 1286 www.asdreports.com

COTS Journal | May 2016

9


SPECIAL FEATURE Military Vehicles Embrace Mobile Networking

10

COTS Journal | May 2016


SPECIAL FEATURE

Rugged Box Systems Enable Vehicle Mobile Networking Standards like VICTORY and programs like WIN-T are influencing the kinds of technology and products needed for upgrading todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s military vehicle platforms. Advanced rugged box-level solutions are spinning up to feed those needs. Jeff Child, Editor-in-Chief

F

or military vehicles the trend continues to be in the direction of cramming more and more electronics, networking and embedded computing in the platform. While traditional slot-card technologies still rule for many tech refresh programs, more and more box-level systems are becoming the solution of choice. Meanwhile, open-standards like VICTORY are making it easier to de-couple C4ISR networks, communications and other mission types of functions from the basic control and power electronics of military vehicles. And in turn technology vendors are making specific VICTORY-compliant systems and boards to feed those needs. In summary DoD Budget plans for the upcoming fiscal year focus on modernizing ground platforms. The Army continues to modernize and upgrade select programs in FY 2017, including Stryker vehicles, Abrams Tanks, Bradley Fighting Vehicles, and Paladin 155mm Howitzers. For the Marineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s, the ground force focus in FY 2017 is on the Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV). The ACV will deliver shore and sea-based infantry to the battlefield in vehicles designed for future operational environments. Both services are together procur-

COTS Journal | May 2016

11


SPECIAL FEATURE

Figure 1 The SB1102-HDVR Eagle is a deployable, rugged four-channel video recorder that can capture, process and distribute to LAN multiple channels of HD video in real time with only one frame of latency.

ing the final year of Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP) of the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV).

Box-Level Vehicle Systems As vehicle upgrade programs move forward, a major decision for military system developer is whether to stick with standardsbased slot card architectures or to instead on integrated off-the-shelf box-level com-

12

COTS Journal | May 2016

puters. Over the past several years, traditional embedded board vendors are adding stand-alone rugged box-level systems to their military market offerings. Rugged- box level systems is perhaps one of the most active design activities in the embedded computing industry. These solutions are edging out traditional backplane-centric slot card system architectures in many military platforms. This box-level system trend is dominating wherever size, weight and power (SWaP) is a priority concerns—especially in military vehicle electronic systems. Some of this box systems general computing mission computers, others are more function-specific. An example on the function-specific side is the SB1102-HDVR “Eagle” from General Micro Systems (Figure 1). A follow-on to its predecessor SB1002-HDVR, the Core i7-based SB1102 is a small form-factor rugged video recorder/workstation processor capable of simultaneously and in real time capturing four independent HD-SDI 1080p video channels at 60 fps, performing H.264 compression on-the-fly, storing the video to onboard removable SSD nDrives at up to 1 Terabyte each, and distributing the video streams to seven Gbit Ethernet ports. There’s virtually no latency (only one frame) between the original video sources and when they appear on the SB1102-HDVR’s Ethernet switch LAN outputs. This means

head-down operators using only cameras can operate their vehicle in real time and respond to bumps or obstacles even while four channels of HD video are being encoded, recorded, or encrypted. Typical applications include mobile situational awareness in armored or tactical vehicles with four cameras providing a 360-degree view around the vehicle. Uncompressed, HD-SDI (SMPTE 292) real-time video from four cameras can be fused and presented to drivers and passengers via Gbit Ethernet, enhanced, manipulated or overlaid with moving maps and other battlefield information. All the while, the four HD 1080p video streams can be recorded (up to 3 Terabytes, total) and even encrypted onthe-fly.

VICTORY Rolls Forward An on-going problem inherent to military vehicle electronics in recent years has been the incompatible system architectures and redundant functionality of interconnects aboard vehicles. To solve that problem is what drove the creation a couple years ago to the VICTORY standard. The Vehicle Integration for C4ISR/EW Interoperability (VICTORY) defines an approach for commonality through Gigabit Ethernet networking, standard connectors and welldefined electrical interfaces.


SPECIAL FEATURE

Figure 2 The XChange3100 is an OpenVPX 10 Gbit Ethernet switch module that is capable of supporting various configurations of up to twentytwo 10 Gbit Ethernet ports, 12 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet ports, and 88 1000BASE-X Ethernet ports. It features VICTORY Infrastructure Switch support

While the specification continues to evolve VICTORY is now a requirement on a number of acquisition programs. The framework includes an architecture, a standard specification and reference designs. The architecture includes definitions of common terminology, systems, components and interfaces. Meanwhile, the specification provides technical specifications for the systems, components and interfaces identified in the architecture. Supporting the VICTORY initiative, a number of vendors have made compliance to the standard a part of recent boardand box-level product offerings. An example on the board level side is Extreme Engineering Solutions’ XChange3100 released late last fall. The board a conduction- or air-cooled, 6U OpenVPX 10 Gigabit Ethernet switch module that is capable of supporting various configurations of up to twenty-two 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports, twelve 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet ports, and eighty-eight 1000BASE-X Ethernet ports. It features three Broadcom BCM56450 Ethernet switches, each including 102.5 Gbits/s of non-blocking switching, an on-chip ARM A9-based CPU, an integrated hierarchical traffic manager to reduce overall board complexity and power, and a feature-rich packet processing engine, all within a single 40 nm device. The board offers extensive IEEE protocol and IETF RFC

support, VICTORY Infrastructure Switch support, advanced cable open/short detection, IPv4 and IPv6 support, and a Ruggedized Enhanced Design Implementation (REDI) per VITA 48. For its part Curtiss-Wright’s Defense Solutions division last fall added support for Military Code (M-Code) Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) architecture on its recently introduced second generation DuraDBH-672 Digital Beachhead Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) switch and vetronics computer subsystem. Now supporting an integrated M-Code Ground-Based GPS Receiver Applications Module (GB-GRAM-M), the Digital Beachhead addresses the U.S. Army’s GPS modernization programs and requirements for an assured PNT hub capable of delivering PNT to multiple devices on a VICTORY network backbone. The original DBH-670 Digital Beachhead product, introduced in 2012, was the industry’s first integrated VICTORY solution for implementing VICTORY standard. The new DuraDBH-672 model continues that legacy in a form factor further optimized for low size, weight, power, and cost. Both Digital Beachhead variants combine a VICTORY infrastructure switch and a VICTORY shared services processor and feature GigE switching and VICTORY data bus, management, and shared service support. With a more recent VICTORY box-level offering, Abaco Systems last month announced the RES3000 family of rugged, fullymanaged Ethernet switch appliances. The VICTORY switch-compliant Three versions are initially available, offering solutions with 12 or 24 1000BaseT ports and up to four 10GBase-SR fiber ports. All three share the same minuscule size. All meet a wide range of MIL-STD specifications. Customerspecific versions can also be provided. Support for a broad range of network protocols is delivered by Abaco’s switch management environment. It supports a comprehensive set of Layer 2 and Layer 3 protocols, providing customers with significant capability to configure their network.

WIN-T Developments and Deployments

A34_COTS_2_25x9_875_A34.qxd 4/6/16 4:18 PM

ON I S S I M CAL I T I R C ES C I V E D DC-DC Converters AC-DC Power Supplies • Expanded Operating

Temperatures -55 to +85C

• Vibration, Method 204, Cond. D • Shock, Method 213, Cond. I • Altitude, Method 105, Cond. D • Environmental Screening • Specification Review • Custom Models Available • 400 Hz and Now 800 Hz AC-DC Models

ard s of Stand Thousand DC 0 to 10,00 V Watts Models 2V 0 ,0 5 to 2 0 .7 0 ts u Outp

PICO

Electronics,Inc.

143 Sparks Ave, Pelham, NY 10803-1837

E-Mail: info@picoelectronics.com

www.picoelectronics.com See full Catalog immediately

www.picoelectronics.com

For the Warfighter Information Network- Tactical (WIN-T)—the Army’s high speed, high capability backbone C4ISR network, linking Warfighters in the battlefield COTS Journal | May 2016

13


SPECIAL FEATURE

Figure 3 The WIN-T Increment 2 SNE is installed on select vehicles down to the company level. Increment 2 SNE provides company level soldiers with advanced collaboration and on-the-move situational awareness tools once only available at higher echelons.

Satellite. Increment 2 (Inc 2) provides networking on-the-move to the company level. Increment 3 (Inc 3) provides Integrated Network Operations development. General Micro Systems supplies the multi-domain boxes in several of all six of the WIN-T program’s ground vehicles. Funds for the tech refresh of obsolete commercial off the shelf components for 34 WIN-T Inc 1 units comprise the FY 2017 program. It also adds X-Band terminals to Regional Hub Nodes. The WIN-T Inc 2 funding supports procurement of 12 communications nodes (6 Tactical Communications Nodes and 6 Points of Presence), and continues fielding and support for previously procured Low Rate Initial Production equipment. Also called for is procurement and fielding 283 Battlefield VideoTeleconferencing Center III systems. The request also provides program management support 4.4 x 6.6 x 0.8 inches for Single Shelter Switch, >65 Teraops/sec High Capability Line of scalable 1-4 FPGAs Sight, and Troposcatter installs in any PC or server Communications systems as they are transitioned to made in the U.S.A. sustainment by the end of FY 2017.

with the Global Information Grid—developments and deployments are moving ahead. WIN-T program development consists of four increments. Increment 1 (Inc 1) provides “networking at the halt” by upgrading the Joint Network Node (JNN) satellite capability to access the Wideband Global

Star Communications, Inc.

signal processing receivers computing accelerators x 6.6” >65 Teraop/s 4.4 Small. Powerful. Affordable. Easy-to-use.

www.starcommva.com 14

COTS Journal | May 2016

Abaco Systems Huntsville, AL (866) 652-2226 www.abaco.com Aitech Defense Systems Chatsworth, CA. (888) 248-3248 www.rugged.com Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions Ashburn, VA. (703) 779-7800. www.cwcdefense.com Extreme Engineering Solutions Middleton, WI. (608) 833-1155. www.xes-inc.com General Dynamics Mission Systems Fairfax, VA (877) 449-0600 www.gdmissionsystems.com General Micro Systems Rancho Cucamonga, CA. (909) 980-4863. www.gms4sbc.com Themis Computer Fremont, CA. (510) 252-0870. www.themis.com


Reduce Card Count

Multi-function I/O Single Board Computers Rugged Power Supplies Rugged Systems Benchtop & VXI Instruments

Lower Power Requirements

No NRE

Deploy Faster

Employing a Custom-On-Standard Architecture™ (COSA™), NAI’s 3U and 6U COTS multi-function I/O boards eliminate the need for expensive, specialized board designs by providing a variety of selectable I/O and communications functions on one card. These highly configurable I/O boards deliver off-the-shelf solutions that accelerate deployment of SWaP-optimized systems on air, land and sea applications. More Functionality Mix-and-match from a choice of 40+ intelligent I/O, communications, or Ethernet switch functions. Pre-existing, fully-tested functions can be combined in an unlimited number of ways — quickly and easily. Programmable I/O modules

Remotely access & manage all I/O data

Distributed processing

Continuous Background BIT

Supported platforms: cPCI, VME, OpenVPX Communications interfaces: VME, PCI, Gig-E, PCIe

Made in USA A certified small business

North Atlantic I n d u s t r i e s

www.na i i . c om


SPECIAL FEATURE Military Vehicles Embrace Mobile Networking

Technology Shifts Drive Vehicle Mounted Computing Choices There’s more than one way to implement computing systems on military vehicles. Choices used in other harsh environment markets offer scalable, reliable solutions. John McKown, President and CEO, Octagon Systems

R

apid changes in mobile computer technologies make it difficult to choose an implementation strategy that serves long term needs. The strategy must address the conflicting goals of cost, capability, expandability, reliability and maintainability. In the end there may well be a tradeoff of these factors. With defense budgets under much more constraints than in the past, military vehicle system developers need to get the most for their money. As a result it makes sense to consider some of the vehicle technologies target for other harsh environment markets such as mining and construction for example. The current mining market for example is fraught with low metal and coal prices, productivity is king. Increasing capital spending for higher reliability may yield runtime efficiencies that quickly pay for the increased costs. Typically, current computing systems run software for vehicle fleet management, vehicle monitoring, fatigue detection, collision avoidance and many other critical purposes necessary for communications, processing log sensor input, warning drivers of potential hazards and more. The same basic strategy is used in the vast majority of heavy duty implementations; a dash-mounted display and a CPU with integrated I/O. However, changes in technology and price structuring have inspired other possibilities.

16

COTS Journal | May 2016

RUGGEDIZED “TABLET” APPROACH: TRADEOFFS PROS

CONS

All electronics are in one box, minimizing cab clutter

The dash can be cluttered with cables. The routing paths may hinder operator movement

Normally, no troubleshooting is required – just replace one piece of equipment

The amount and type of I/O is limited by the connector space on the tablet

Products are available from several vendors

Generally, the tablets do not have robust connectors. It can be difficult to secure cables against vibration without putting undue stresses on the cable/connector interfaces

Some have internal battery options for shutdown during power loss

The CPU section of the circuitry generates considerable heat, which is aggravated by the heat from the display backlight and sunlight impinging upon the unit. Semiconductor failure is exponentially proportional to the temperature. The excess heat will cause modern processors to automatically slow execution speed, which should be anticipated in the software design

Lowest upfront cost

Limited performance Tend to be heavy, stressing mounting  ablet has its own software running - If this fails, so does the T application software and FMS data can be lost.

Figure 1 The pros and cons of the ruggedized tablet approach.


SPECIAL FEATURE

Rugged Tablet Approach The first alternative, often called the ruggedized â&#x20AC;&#x153;tabletâ&#x20AC;? approach, perhaps has the lowest initial equipment cost. It involves a display with an integral CPU and set of I/O connectors. It is typically mounted on the dash with all the I/O and power cables somehow channeled to mate with the tablet. Some implementations include highdensity connectors and require custom cables to split the I/O out to different parts of the vehicle. Others have smaller connectors with more custom cables. Other than ruggedization, the tablets are similar to consumer products in that they have a display with a backlight and a separate CPU board with the specific I/O. Considerable heat is generated by the display backlight and the CPU. Since the units are fanless, heavy heat sinks must be provided to prevent overheating. Even so, the displays are mounted on the dashes and can be used in sustained direct sunlight. This solar loading can cause the CPU chip to suddenly reduce speed to protect itself. The software on the system must be immune or aware of the changes in clock speed. The heat constraint also limits the processing power and often the amount of DRAM memory.

Another consequence of the heavy case is the strain on the VESA mounting assembly under constant vibration. Most of the systems weigh about five pounds and require very robust mounting. A modest 10G shock applies 50 pounds to the lever arm of the mounting system, which exceeds the specification of most models and causes the display to move under shock, straining the cables. Each manufacturer chooses the type and number of I/O based on their market input, but requirements nearly always expand. Adding I/O can be awkward and create complications. Table 1 compares the pros and cons of the ruggedized tablet approach.

The Two Box Approach The second alternative is a modification of the first approach in an attempt to overcome some of the drawbacks. One way to modestly reduce the heat in the tablet is to buy a version without all the I/O except for an Ethernet port. This is connected to an I/O breakout box somewhere else in the cab. Now, only slim Ethernet and power cables go to the tablet. The I/O breakout box must have its own power supply and a CPU of some sort to funnel the I/O through the Ethernet cable. The breakout box will contain

TWO BOX APPROACH: TRADEOFFS PROS

CONS

This would solve the need for future expandability

The requirement to have one box would be cast aside

Assuming the display is the least reliable component during system failure, replacing the display would solve most problems

The assumption has been that the electronics in the I/O box would be minimal. Most likely, this would not be the case. The I/O box would need its own power supply, CPU, I/O and protective circuitry

Display products are available from multiple vendors at a relatively low cost

The I/O box requires custom design

This would slightly reduce the CPU heat problem

The I/O box would need its own software/firmware. This would make software development more complex since two systems may need simultaneous troubleshooting

More robust I/O connectors could be used

Figure 2 The pros and cons of the two box approach.

Multi-function I/O and Communications Board

COSATM Architecture 3 Function Modules Select from 40+ Functions

Configure to Customize The 68G5 is a low-power/high performance multi-function I/O and communications board that accelerates deployment of SWaP-optimized systems in air, land and sea applications. Choose from more than 40 intelligent I/O, communications, or Ethernet switch functions for the highest packaging density and greatest flexibility of any multi-function I/O board in the industry. Off-the-shelf solution Air-cooled or conduction-cooled I/O & communications libraries included

Accelerate Your Time-to-Mission

North Atlantic I n d u s t r i e s

www.na i i . c om

A certified small business

NA1112 Third_Page_I/O_Ad.indd 1 COTS Journal

17 | May 2016 5/27/15

1:40 PM


SPECIAL FEATURE

PROCESSOR / I/O BOX APPROACH PROS

CONS

The dash is left uncluttered with plenty of room for fatigue monitoring equipment, etc.

The upfront cost is generally the highest, but this is coupled with less downtime.

Software development is simplified since the CPU and I/O are integrated.

Two boxes

Assuming the display would be the least reliable component, during system failure, replacing the display would solve most problems as in the second method.

Display products are available from multiple vendors at a relatively low cost

The CPU and display heat generation systems would be completely separate More robust I/O connectors could be used

18

COTS Journal | May 2016

Figure 3 Ruggedized â&#x20AC;&#x153;Tabletâ&#x20AC;? Approach: Tradeoffs


SPECIAL FEATURE

software or firmware, so the software on the tablet and breakout box must be developed in parallel. This two-box approach will be more complicated and costly than in the first approach even though the tablet could be lower in cost. Table 2 compares the pros and cons of the two box approach.

Processor / I/O Box Approach The final approach is one that is most widely used in the mining and construction markets todayâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and is definitely worth considering by military technology decision makers. It is a two-piece solution with a simple touchscreen display and CPU box with built in I/O. Due to the much lower power dissipation, heat is no longer an issue in the display. All the I/O circuitry and processor are in a box elsewhere in the cab, with a video cable connected to the display. This approach allows considerable flexibility in the display size and features.

Because the processor/I/O box has much more connector space, sealed and special connectors are easily implemented. At least one manufacturer offers customization of I/O. One can install new generations of computers using the same connector pattern as the previous generation. The first two alternatives may meet short-term goals, but will need to be replaced to meet future needs, which will require cabling of the vehicles, resulting in a significant amount of downtime and cost. Finally, some products are scalable with respect to CPU performance, memory, I/O and wireless devices. Figure 3 shows the pros and cons of the processor/I/O box alternative.

wise, this will continue to be the trend in mining and construction. The heat-limited nature of tablets makes them incompatible with advanced processors needed to run Virtual Machine (VM) software with operating systems like Windows 10. A thought that is trending is to integrate the functions of several vehicular systems in one enclosure with a large number of I/O ports, and run all the applications under VM. This is simply an expansion of the final approach, keeping the architecture and much of the connectorization the same. While there will always be some applications for simpler systems, the last approach is expected to prevail well into the future.

Future Needs

Octagon Systems Westminster, CO (303) 430-1500 www.octagonsystems.com

As in the whole history of industrial computing, the future has always required faster processors, more memory and more programs running simultaneously. Like-

Rough & Ready Data Storage AS9100 Rev C/ISO 9001: 2008 Certified Phoenix-developed state-of-the-art enabling technology provides users with products that ensure the highest performance storage and data network systems. These systems range in size and application from multi-terabyte Fibre Channel RAID, NAS and Storage Area Network (SAN) configurations to conduction cooled plug-in Open VPX solid state disk storage modules.

Rugged, Deployable Data Storage Solutions

Lock and load performance

INTERNATIONAL

We are the Choice

SSD to 4TB in 3U Module

www.phenxint.com 714-283-4800 COTS Journal | May 2016

19


Jeff Child, Editor-in-Chief

JEFF’S PICKS Display System Blends Zero Client Virtualization and Power-over-Ethernet

W

ith tightening military budgets over the past couple years, one area that continues to be strong is the move toward more advanced display technologies. While there are many factors driving that one perhaps is that a reduced-sized military will need to increase its situational awareness capabilities and that sharing and displaying of information that will imply. feeds into that trend. Often in the form of large displays and panel PCs, this is where the warfighter gets the complex situational awareness data—maps, video, images and text—interfaced directly to military weapons platforms on networks. These system leverage cutting-edge graphics chips developed for the demanding gaming market. For this month’s Editor’s Pick section COTS Journal evaluated several rugged display systems based on three aspects: technology leadership, design innovation and market relevance. The winning product is the CPZ156T Zero Client from Chassis Plans (Figure 1). The CPZ-156T is a rugged military-grade remote display utilizing PCoIP to connect to a centralized VDI server running a virtualization suite such as VMware. One distinction is that it’s the only zero client display offering rugged construction, a built-in LCD and powered by Power over Ethernet (PoE). PoE minimizes power distribution and cable issues allowing both power and display signals over a single cable. 20

COTS Journal | May 2016

Figure 1 Jeff’s Pick this month is the CPZ-156T Zero Client from Chassis Plans. The CPZ-156T is a rugged military-grade remote display utilizing PCoIP to connect to a centralized VDI server running a virtualization suite such as VMware.

Meeting the Power Budget Virtualization is key because it enables displays to be security first, with no operating system or user accessible non-volatile memory. The Army has mandated migration to zero- and thin- clients and this product perfectly fits that requirement. The included zero client is provided with a Teradici chip set for high performance connection to VMware and similar software. Chassis Plans worked in conjunction with Dell to develop the product. In terms of design innovation, the CPZ-156T boasts several innovations.

To operate over PoE requires a power budget less than 25.5 Watts. This zero client display provides a 15.6-inch display with multi-touch touch screen and zero client in that power budget and is the only product in the market that meets that spec. The rugged milled aluminum housing provides IP65 protection for operation in harsh environments. The Ethernet and USB connectors are sealed and provide rugged positive retention. According to Chassis Plans, the product is the only zero client on the market offering a built-in LCD and which operates over PoE. The writing is on the wall that cloud computing and virtualization is the future of desktop computing. Zero clients are inherently secure with no local storage or memory. Remove power and all displayed information is erased—a single connection on the CPZ-156T removes power and Ethernet. There are no worries about losing confidential data as with laptops. There are zero surfaces for malware attack in the CPZ-156T. The CPZ-156T fits the Army requirements perfectly by offering a rugged Teradici compatible zero client with built-in 15.6-inch display, touch screen, and USB ports for connection to a keyboard and mouse. Chassis Plans San Diego, CA (858) 571-4330 www.chassis-plans.com


...and the Runners Up Rugged System Blends Standard Definition Display, Embedded Processing The RuggedView SD19-1002 from General Micro Systems integrates the most rugged, crisp 19 inch diagonal display with a fourth-generation Core i7 processor (Figure 2). The SD19-1002 is offered with several screen options in 5:4 format, with or without touchscreen and bezel keys. The display for the SD19-1002 screen is protected with rugged glass which can withstand a direct “boot kick” without damaging the display or the touch screen. It supports Standard Definition (SD) of 1280x1024 resolution in standard format and is viewable with up to 700 nits of brightness and supports anti-reflective (AR) and anti-glare (AG) coating for crisp graphics even in direct sunlight. The display also supports NVIS for applications where night vision glasses are used to reduce stress on the viewer. A major design innovation in the SD19 RuggedView display is its conduction-cooled computer-on module “engine” based upon an Intel processor that boasts a less-than-10-degrees-C heat rise from processor to the cold wall interface. Onto this engine is stacked a topside cooling frame, then a high-density I/O board is added. The multi-layer “sandwich” uses GMS’s patent-pending RuggedCool technology to get the heat off of the hot components without requiring any clock “throttling” of the processor. This means that SD19—in addition to its display features—boasts Intel’s fastest-available 4th Generation Haswell Quad Core i7 processor.

Figure 2 RuggedView SD19-1002 integrates a rugged, crisp 19 inch diagonal display with a fourth-generation Core i7 processor. It’s offered with several screen options in 5:4 format, with or without touchscreen and bezel keys.

General Micro Systems Rancho Cucamonga, CA (909) 980-4863 www.gms4sbc.com

Low-Profile Rugged Display Boasts 1920 x 1200 LED Backlit Panel The IDS-24 from Z Microsystems IDS 24 is the largest viewing solution in its IDS rugged display line. The IDS 24 rugged display boasts a brilliant 1920 x 1200 (WUXGA) LED backlit panel (Figure 3). The body is both durable and lightweight, constructed from aircraft-grade machined aluminum, making it suited as a high-definition display choice for military applications in harsh environments. IDS rugged displays offer options including: resistive touchscreen support, anti-reflective shielding, and embedded video enhancement. With flexible mounting for VESA, 19 inch RETMA rack, or quick-release mounting for ground control stations, the IDS 24 is well-suited for quick deployment and panel replacement in military and defense applications. Leveraging a powerful video controller with an onboard FPGA, the IDS 24 hosts Real Time Enhanced Video (RTEV) technology, allowing the display to apply advanced algorithm enhancements without time delays. User adjustable front panel controls offer on-the-fly algorithm tuning. RTEV-embedded displays deliver significant viewing advantages in: fog, haze, sandstorms, underwater, infrared imaging, lowlight, over-saturated video, other inclement weather conditions, and more.

Figure 3 The IDS-24 rugged display boasts a 1920 x 1200 (WUXGA) LED backlit panel. Its body is both durable and lightweight, constructed from aircraft-grade machined aluminum, making it suited as a high-definition display choice for military applications in harsh environments.

Z Microsystems San Diego, CA (858) 831-7000 www.zmicro.com COTS Journal | May 2016

21


Check Out These Video Capture Products Too… The RD2217 Rugged Rackmount Dual

In partnership with Secure Communications,

features a 2U EIA form factor, SXGA resolution, 1000 nit, low reflectance, high ambient contrast and full color TFT LCD. The display is high brightness backlight and low reflectance cover glass yield sunlight readability.

resolution imagery in 31.5-inch and 28-inch models. Providing 4 times more pixels than regular HD displays, its resolution is 3840 x 2160 with 1000:1 contrast ratio.

17-inch Display from Crystal Group

CLEAN UP YOUR ACT PELICAN™+ TREKPAK™

PELICAN + TREKPAK: THE ULTIMATE DIVIDER SYSTEM FOR THE ULTIMATE CASE.

Our new premium divider system uses tough and durable pre-installed wall sections and divider panels that are only 7/16” thick, so you can pack more gear than conventional dividers. The fool-proof cutting tool and locking pins let you customize TREKPAK™ dividers over and over.

Learn more: pelican.com/air

Pelican Products, Inc. 23215 Early Avenue, Torrance, CA 90505 (866) 823.0127 (TOLL FREE) • Tel 310.326.4700 • Fax 310.326.3311

All trademarks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks of Pelican Products, Inc., its affiliates and/or subsidiaries.TREKPAK is a registered trademark of TREKPAK, Inc.

22

COTS Journal | May 2016

Crystal Group, Hiawatha, IA (319) 378-1636. www.crystalrugged.com

RGB Spectrum offers Ruggedized 8 Megapixel Multiviewer Displays for high-

RGB Spectrum, Alameda, CA (510) 814-7000. www.rgb.com

The SRMHX-12 Series Sunlight Readable

Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions 10.4” PVDU2600 touchscreen display combines

TFT LCD monitors from TRU-Vu Monitors

high brightness and robust construction with a range of optional embedded Intel Atom or Core processor options. It is a compact 9.6- x 7.9- x 3.2-inches and only 8.8 lbs.

feature 1024 x 768 XGA resolution and a 4:3 aspect ratio. The high-efficiency, long-life LED backlights produce over 1,500 nits (cd/m²) of brightness; enables viewing even in intense, bright sunlight.

Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions, Ashburn, VA (703) 779-7800. www.cwcdefense.com

TRU-Vu Monitors, Arlington Heights, IL (847) 259-2344. www.tru-vumonitors.com

Daisy Data Displays has added nightvision display technology to several of its products—including its—Fleetmate 7171DA Series—to provide users with full-color readability in daylight and with night-vision goggles without the need for an add-on filter. Daisy Data Displays, York Haven, PA (717) 516-8802. www.makeitdaisy.com

The DC15 from MEN Micro is a panel PC featuring a large 10.4-inch LCD display that comes with either 32 illuminated front keys or a projective, capacitive touchscreen. The unit has an IP65-rated housing that protects the electronics across the extended temperature range of -40 to +70 degrees C. MEN Micro, Ambler, PA (215) 542-9575. www.menmicro.com


COTS Journal | March 2016

23


SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Test and Instrumentation for Defense

Synthetic Instrumentation Aids Tactical Radio Testing – Part I The requirements for today’s military tactical radios are more sophisticated than ever. Testing such system requires integrated test solutions and use of synthetic instrumentation. Ian Williams, Director of Software Engineering Michael S. Caulfield, Sr. Manager of Software Engineering Steve Fairbanks, Senior Director of Products Astronics Test Systems

T

actical radio test set customers need the ability to support go/no-go Testing and all levels of performance verification, as well as to isolate and repair radios from the Organization Level (1st line) through Intermediate Level (2nd line) and into the Depots (3rd line) in order to achieve and maintain system readiness using manual and automatic Test. Each level of maintenance has unique objectives which dictate the packaging, hardware, instruments, and Test executive software performance requirements of the automatic Test equipment (ATE) to be acquired. Often conflicting requirements—cost and survivability versus accuracy—leads to the need for an integrated solution. A software-driven synthetic radio Test solution capable of testing multiple radios eases these integration requirements. However, this is a difficult task if the problem isn’t fully understood and the needed resources and tools are not available. This paper endeavors to provide a resource for selecting and integrating various equipment and software to solve this challenge. This paper will present generic requirements for the different levels of maintenance, identify the implications for radio Testing, describe a nominal Radio Frequency (RF) radio Tester, and show how synthetic instrumentation (SI) can provide a solution. The paper 24

COTS Journal | May 2016

Figure 1 Soldier shown using a PRC-154A Rifleman Radio.


SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT further discusses the concepts of Test Executives, Test Programs, and Test Management Software as they play a significant role in developing an integrated radio Test solution.

Long Term View Radio communications equipment is critical for saving lives whether used by military, law enforcement, security details, rescue operators, or others. They require testing upon manufacture as well as testing and maintenance once deployed to the field. It is vital to understand how the hardware and software are interrelated at each level of deployment. Understanding the usage will also help radio Test set buyers think about future testing needs and plan for upgrading Test program sets across devices wherever they areâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;factory, depot, or field. Each level of maintenance imposes unique requirements on radio Test equipment. Synthetic Instrumentation (SI) addresses these requirements by allowing the implementation of many different Test and measurement instruments on a single platform. Test management software rounds out the integration through automation of Test Executives and Test Programs. Many papers have been written on the subject of ATE in the past 30 years and the most re-

cent stem from the same goals: support of multiple programming languages, reconfigurable hardware, and software. Part 1 of this article discusses the levels of maintenance as known in the military applications and how they specifically apply to radio Test, the example focus of this paper. It also explores a nominal radio Tester and the concept of SI. Part II, to be published in a later issue of COTS Journal gets into Test management software in detail.

Levels of Maintenance Operational Level (O-Level) is the first line of repair and occurs as close to the deployment as possible. For aircraft, it is often called flight line repair. The objective at O-Level is to address issues with Line Replaceable Units (LRU). These are items which may readily be removed and replaced. O-Level Test equipment is often used outdoors and away from external power. Thus, the need for battery operation and battery life is an important consideration. The equipment is characterized by its ruggedized design, which may be packaged as a handheld, stored in a suitcase, or possibly housed in a roll-around cabinet. Often heat dissipation becomes a concern due to the small size. O-Level Test equipment may have small displays and

touch screens. The Test equipment may support multiple units under Test (UUT), and therefore may benefit from Test Executive software and digital storage for the Test Programs. O-Level equipment can have just a single purpose and may not be programmable or reconfigurable. Equipment may be operated by personnel with minimal technical training and should be designed with few decision points. Technical manuals may be less accessible and certainly more difficult to follow, given the environment. Online manuals may not be available given the small form factor of the equipment. In these instances a guided assist or simplified version of a Test Executive is useful. Intermediate Level (I-Level) is the second line of repair and occurs behind lines in shops or vans. The objective at I-Level is to address issues within LRU to the level of Shop Replaceable Units (SRU). These are items which may be removed and replaced, but may take some additional effort to access. The equipment is often sheltered. It may be ruggedized, but not necessarily designed for a one person lift though the equipment is still considered portable. ILevel equipment often has standard sized displays and keyboards. It is often multipurpose and therefore uses Interface Test

SUMMARY OF MAINTENANCE LEVELS O-Level

I-Level

D-Level

Level

1

2

3

Packaging

Hardened

Mixed

Ambient

Size

Small

Medium

Large

Cost

Low

Medium

High

Technical Training

Low

Medium

High

Objectives

Remove / Replace LRUs

Remove / Replace SRUs, Light Repair

Remove/ Replace assemblies, low-level repairs

Figure 2 The key aspects of the different maintenance levels are summarized here.

COTS Journal | May 2016

25


SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Adapters (ITA) and cabling to connect the UUT to the equipment. The Test equipment usually supports more than one UUT and so the software must include a Test Executive and be able to support many different Test Programs. Operator intervention during testing is discouraged. Technical training may be higher at I-Level shops. Online technical manuals may be available.

Depot Level: Final Line Depot Level (D-Level) is the final line of repair and occurs at designated military bases. The object at D-Level is to repair components within SRU, or otherwise address issues that were not repairable at the other levels. The Test equipment operates indoors, may consist of large multi-bay systems, and is not necessarily portable. D-Level Test equipment often has standard sized displays and keyboards. Like I-Level, D-Level Test equipment may use ITA and UUT cabling. The equipment likely supports many UUTs so again, a Test Executive

Figure 3 The CTS 6000 Series radio test set incorporates nine test capabilities into a single tester with an easy-to-use, modern touchscreen interface for testing radio communications systems.

is needed and storage for many Test Programs. Technical training availability may be highest at D-Level shops. Online technical manuals and detailed UUT specifications are likely available. It isn’t uncommon for I-Level to include O-Level Test equipment, and for D-Level to include them both. The lower levels often seek to duplicate the failures detected at the higher ones using the same equipment for ease of repeatability of faults found. Figure 1 summarizes the information covered here so far. Given the requirements of the different levels of maintenance, the salient features for a radio Test set is identifiable for each maintenance level. An O-Level radio Tester needs to be low power, battery operated, rugged and portable. It should support multiple radios and many Test program sets (TPSs) and LRU level diagnostics, requiring the least level of training for the user. I-Level Testers are packaged for vans or shelters, must be portable. Support for

MIL-STD-1553 RIGHT ON TARGET

STANAG3910/EFEX

Avionics Databus Solutions

ARINC429 AFDX®/ARINC664P7 Fibre Channel ARINC825 ARINC818

Modules – Software – Systems

Solving all your Avionics Databus Needs – Right on Target. www.aim-online.com 26

COTS Journal | May 2016

AIM Office Contacts: AIM USA LLC - Trevose, PA salesusa@aim-online.com AIM GmbH - Freiburg sales@aim-online.com AIM GmbH - Munich Sales Office salesgermany@aim-online.com


SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT multiple radios and many TPSs are also desirable at the SRU level of diagnostics. The Tester should be able to reproduce O-Level results easily. D-Level can be packaged for factory environments, support many radios and TPSs, and be able to reproduce OLevel and I-Level results.

Solutions through SI The purpose of SI is to reduce the amount of specialized analog circuitry in favor of digital logic to increase the amount of measurements possible on the given hardware platform. One approach is to utilize a generic FPGA-based reconfigurable RF measuring receiver placing the modulation and demodulation and other instruments mentioned above in the operating system environment. Generally the idea surrounding SI is that it should be very good at all things but this is not necessarily true. Each level of maintenance can benefit from a level of SI, regardless of the accuracy of the hardware, allowing for the same in-

struments in different packages. If it is cost effective enough to use the same hardware at each level, simply changing the packaging would suffice providing the potential for reproducible results at every level. At any level, SI reduces the size of the Test set so that all instruments can fit in smaller packages, allowing for power management so that batteries can be used if necessary. This smaller equipment size enables larger displays, and for computers giving more support for the use of Test Executives, even at O-Level. These Test Executives can then support multiple TPSs. Test Executives also provide potential for simpler operation at every level of maintenance, and less technical training because much of the testing is automated. The larger displays and computers provide the potential for online technical orders, even at O-Level. An example has introduced a radio test solution from Astronics Test Systems is the new CTS 6000 Series radio test set (Fig-

ure 3). It incorporates nine test capabilities into a single tester with an easy-to-use, modern touchscreen interface for testing radio communications systems. Users can test tactical handsets, amplifiers, antennae and any other component of a radio system. The synthetic test instrumentation includes all these functions: RF signal generator; RF receiver; RF power meter; RF analyzers; AF signal generator; Audio meters; Oscilloscope; Reference oscillator and Tracking generator. Part II of this article will look at Test Executives and Test Programs exploring the costs and architecture decisions radio system developers most consider. Part II will appear in a later issue of COTS Journal. Astronics Test Systems Irvine, CA (949) 859-8999 www.astronicstestsystems.com

Game Changing Performance for Data-Intensive/ Latency-Sensitive Enterprise Applications Accelerate Application Response Times with Industry’s Fastest PCIe MX6300 SSDs from Middle Canyon and Mangstor. Key Performance Attributes: Innovative software-based host offload design utilizes a highly efficient 100-core processor located on the SSD: • Delivers leading performance / low host CPU utilization • Offloads flash management and application acceleration operations to the SSD locally reducing system power while freeing the host resources for application processing • Includes high-performance algorithms and software that runs on the flash controller • Handles all data management at very high speed to and from the host CPU and SSDs

Performance: delivers industry-leading NVMe SSD IOPS and latency via software configurable flash controller Manageability: provides a suite of management features specific to PCIe flash memory and the NVMe specification

your fast, flexible and responsive partner.

13469 Middle Canyon Rd., Carmel Valley, CA 93924 (408) 718-7854 • sales@middlecanyon.com • middlecanyon.com

Reliability: supports end-to-end data protection optimizing the entire data path from network to flash in the event of data corruption and power loss Interoperability: provides seamless integration with server operating systems using standard in-box drivers

COTS Journal | May 2016

27


DATA SHEET Small Form Factor Boards Roundup

Mini-ITX and Others Lead Small-Sized Board Advances For the smallest of single board computing products, a mix of standard and non-standard boards offer a robust range of choices. All address the military’s desire for lowering SWaP. Jeff Child, Editor-in-Chief

D

riven by the” magic” of semiconductor integration more and more functionality can be offered in very small board footprints. As a result, embedded board vendors continue to roll out products and product lines of non-standard products. This trend isn’t restricted to the military embedded market segment— industrial, automotive and communications segments are likewise expressing keen interest in this phenomenon. Military uses include portable military gear, unmanned ground vehicles, smart munitions and small UAVs (Figure 1). The products in the small form factor board category include a mix of standard and non-standard solutions. These small-sized offerings tend seem to be targeting very different applications areas—areas where slotcard backplane or PC/104 stacks wouldn’t be practical. Some small embedded solutions are in form factors the size of credit cards or DIMM-sized modules or the like. Still others take some twist on existing standards—such as ATX or PC/104. Those designs create a “one off ” implementation that takes some of the benefits a standard form factor—diverging slightly from it to enable added functionality or to reduce overall board size. Often the size and space of the board takes precedence over the need for standards. Instead the priority is on squeezing as much 28

COTS Journal | May 2016

Figure 1 Members of the RQ-21A Small Tactical Unmanned Air System (STUAS) test team transport the RQ-21A Blackjack across the flight deck of the San Antonio-class.

functionality and compute density onto a single board solution. All that said, the majority of products in this year’s Small Form Factor Roundup” are in factor standard form factors including Thin Mini-ITX, SMARC and others. Among those, there are many vendors this year coming out with their first Thin Mini-ITX board offerings. Thin Mini-ITX is version of Mini-ITX that is only 22 mm in height, a thinner port cluster and horizontally stacked SO-DIMM memory slots. Meanwhile the 3.5 inch style of board continues to be a popular size even though it’s not any official established standard. Note the product in the roundup section on the next couple pages includes only boards released in the past 12 months, and it includes small standard form factor categories that we don’t

cover as separate Roundup categories. PC/104 and COM Express for example we will cover as their own topics in later months this year. One of the rapidly proliferating standard form factors including here is the SMARC (“Smart Mobility ARChitecture”) form factor. Managed by the Standardization Group for Embedded Technologies (SGET) group, SMARC is a versatile small form factor computer module definition targeting applications that require low power, low costs, and high performance. The module power envelope is typically under 6W. Two module sizes are defined: 82mm x 50mm and 82mm x 80mm. The module PCBs have 314 edge fingers that mate with a low profile 314 pin 0.5mm pitch right angle connector.


DATA SHEET

Small Form Factor Boards Roundup

Mini-ITX Board Features 4th Gen Haswell Core i7, 10 USB Ports

3.5-Inch PCI Express SBC Uses SoC E3800 Atom

Mini-ITX Embedded Board is Less Than 25 mm Thick

The AMB-HW46T1 from Acrosser Technology is an industrial Mini-ITX motherboard powered by a Intel 4th Generation Haswell Core i7-4650U, 1.70 GHz processor. Built with 10 USB ports/ headers and several serial ports/headers, the card is equipped with a PCI-E x16 slot. The cost-effective Mini-ITX platform AMBHW46T1 makes mini-computing more usable.

The ADLE3800HDC from ADL Embedded Solutions is based on Intel’s first System-onChip (SoC) E3800-series Atom processors. The board is a lower I/O, lower cost version of the ADLE3800HD offering M.2 (Type B) 2242 SATA storage and M.2 (Type B) 2280 PCIex1 expansion. Its high-performance graphics engine is capable of decoding 10 or more streams of 1080p video, has integrated hardware acceleration for video decode of H.264, MVC, VPG8, VC1/WMV9 and others standards.

ADLINK Technology’s AmITX-BW-I is a thin Mini-ITX embedded board. It offers enhanced display features with Intel Gen 8 LP HD Graphics in a low profile and scalable design. Measuring 170 mm square and less than 25 mm thick, board also follows the Form, Fit, Function design principle to offer standardized pinout locations and is compatible with the MicroATX and regular ATX chassis.

• Mini-ITX Motherboard. • Intel 4th Generation Haswell Core i74650U, 1.70 GHz. • 2 x DDR3L-1333/1600MHz, SO-DIMM, up to 16 Gbytes. • Supports 1 x HDMI, 1 x DP, 1 x LVDS or VGA. •2 x GbE LAN, 4 x COM. •4 x USB 3.0, 6 x USB 2.0. •2 x mini PCIe, 1 x PCIe x1. • 3 x SATA 3.0. Acrosser USA Cypress, CA. (714) 903-1760. www.acrosser.com

• Intel Atom E3800-3845 Quad, Intel Atom E3800-3827 dual. • Up to 8 Gbytes of DDR3L 1333MHz DRAM; 2x 204 SODIMM Sockets. • 3x Gbit LAN; Intel i210, 4x USB2.0, 1x USB 3.0 via I-PEX conn. • I-PEX shared connector for 1x USB3.0, 1x DVI, 1x HDMI or 1x DP. • 1x SATA (3 Gbit/s); 1x M.2 Key-B 2242 SATA; Up 64 Gbytes.. • 1x M.2 Key-B 2280 with 1x PCIex1. • -20 to +70 degrees C Standard, Optional 40 to +85 degrees C. ADL Embedded Solutions San Diego, CA. (858) 490-0597 www.adl-usa.com

• Intel Atom X5 E8000, Pentium N3710 and Celeron N3160/N3060/N3710 Processors (codename: Braswell). • 1x HDMI, 2x DP, LVDS and eDP (optional). • Up to 8 Gbytes non-ECC dual channel DDRL3 DRAM at 1600/1333 MHz. • 3 independent high resolution graphic displays. • 2x Gbit Ethernet links, 4x USB 3.0 (Rear IO), 2x USB 2.0 (Header), 2x USB 2.0 (Front panel). • 1x PCIe x16, 1x Mini PCIe, 1x mSATA, 1x SPI header for external BIOS. ADLINK Technology San Jose, CA (408) 360-0200 www.adlinktech.com

FIND the products featured in this section and more at

intelligentsystemssource.com

COTS Journal | May 2016

29


DATA SHEET

Small Form Factor Boards Roundup

2.5-Inch Pico-ITX Board Marries Atom E3825 and Rich I/O Extension

Mini-ITX SBC Serves up 6th Gene Core Processors, SATA III Support

Wide-voltage Range, Fanless 3.5-inch SBC Features Expandability

Advantech’s 2.5 inch Pico-ITX (MI/OUltra) SBCs including the MIO-3260 measure 100 x 72 mm and feature basic I/O, fanless operation, compact and slim design, extended temperature range, and increased longevity. Supporting up to quad-core processors, these SBCs offers low power consumption (under 10 W), reliable 24/7 operation, as well as industrial-grade ruggedization. The multiple I/O (MI/O) extension SBCs are equipped with a highspeed MIOe connector for extending/ adding functions and flexible I/O interfaces for reducing the total cost of ownership.

The WADE-8017 from American Portwell is based on 6th generation Intel Core desktop processors ( formerly Skylake) and Intel C236, Q170 or H110 chipset. The Portwell WADE-8017 Mini-ITX board supports DDR4 SDRAM, PCIe x16 (Gen3), and SATA III, and is an ideal building block for high performance and reliable system solutions.

The CAPA880 from Axiomtek is designed to support LGA1150 socket for 4th generation Intel Core i7/i5/i3 and Celeron processors (35W) with the Intel H81 chipset. The CAPA880 supports up to 8 Gbytes of DDR3 RAM, and offers SATA 3 interface, as well as an mSATA slot available on PCI Express Mini Card slot. The compact-size embedded board employs Intel integrated Gfx graphic engine and provides three display interfaces: HDMI, LVDS (18/24-bit single/dual channels) and VGA.

• Embedded Intel Atom E3825 and Celeron N2930 up to Quad-Core processor design, DDR3L 1333MHz DRAM support up to 8 Gbytes. • Intel Gen 7 DirectX 11.1 support, Dual Independent display: 18/24bit LVDS, VGA, DP/HDMI. • Intel GbE support, Rich I/O interface with 2 COM, 1 SATA, 4 USB 2.0, GPIO, SMBus, I2C, and MIOe expansion interface. • Supports SUSIAccess and Embedded Software APIs. Advantech Irvine, CA. (949) 789-7178. www.advantech.com

FIND the products featured in this section and more at

intelligentsystemssource.com

30

COTS Journal | May 2016

• 6th generation Intel Core processor family ( formerly Skylake). • Intel C236/Q170/H110 chipset. • Two SODIMMs support DDR4 ECC/ Non-ECC SDRAM up to 32 Gbytes. • Rear I/O, USB2.0/3.0, dual Gigabit Ethernet, COM ports and SATA III ports. Connectors to allow RAID 0/1/5 and 10 modes. • One PCIe x16 (Gen3), one M.2 type E socket, one Mini PCIe. • Triple Display: ports supporting up to three independent displays, including VGA, HDMI and DisplayPort. American Portwell Technology Fremont, CA (510) 403-3399 www.portwell.com

• LGA1150 socket 4th generation Intel Core i7/i5/i3 and Celeron processor. • Intel H81 chipset. • 1 DDR3-1600 SO-DIMM max. up to 8 Gbytes. • 2 USB 3.0 and 4 USB 2.0 ports. • 1 COM and 2 Gigabit LAN ports. • Expansion: 1 x Full-size PCI Express Mini Card with mSATA; 1 x USB 3.0, 1 x PCIe x1, 1 x LPC, 1 x SMBus through a ZIO. Axiomtek City of Industry, CA (626) 581-3232 www.axiomtek.com/us


DATA SHEET

SMALL FORM FACTOR BOARDS ROUNDUP Links to the full data sheets for each of these products are posted on the online version of this section.

Thin Mini-ITX Boards Boast 6th Gen 3.4 GHz Core i7 Processors

Mini-ITX Motherboard with Atom N3xxx SoC Has 7 Year Availability

SMARC 2.0 Board Provides 1.2 GHz Freescale i.MX6 Processor

The Conga-IC170 Thin Mini-ITX boards from Congatec provide high scalability, ranging from 2.0 GHz Intel Celeron processors up to 3.4 GHz Intel Core i7 processors. The industrial-grade boards further offer a fully configurable thermal design power (TDP) from 7.5 to 15 watts and up to 32 Gbytes of DDR4 RAM as well as 4K multiscreen support. The boards feature a long-term availability of 7+ years and a rugged design to withstand harsh environments.

Kontron’s Mini-ITX (mITX)-BW motherboard with Intel Atom N3xxx System on Chip (SOC) provides up to seven years long-term availability. The board supports not only 2x Display Ports but also 24bit LVDS on the most performance Industrial Automation version. Its mPCIe slot supports mSATA or mPCIe extensions. The operating system and application code can be stored on the mITX-N3xxx on the optional on-board 16 Gbyte-sized bootable NAND Flash memory (eMMC).

The MSC SM2S-IMX6 module from MSC Technologies is based on NXP’s i.MX 6 processors offering quad-, dual- and singlecore ARM Cortex-A9 compute performance at very low power consumption and excellent graphics performance combined with a high degree of functional integration. It incorporates the i.MX 6 (Solo, DualLite, Dual or Quad) or the i.MX 6DualPlus or 6QuadPlus processor with up to 1.2 GHz.. The module is compliant with the new SMARC 2.0 standard, allowing easy integration with SMARC baseboards.

• 6th Generation Intel Core Mobile SOC U-processors.

• Intel Atom N3xxx SoC (2 or 4 cores), TDP: 4-12 W.

• PCIe x4 slot (Gen 3), 1x mPCIe, M.2 connector that can be used for expansion or an SSD.

• SO-DIMM Socket DDR3L-1600 Memory (up to 8 Gbytes).

• NXP i.MX 6 ARM Cortex-A9 Solo, DualLite, Dual, Quad, DualPlus and QuadPlus processor.

• Intel Gen7 Graphics, OpenGL 4.2, OpenCL 1.2, DX12, H.265/264, MPEG2, MCV, VC-1, VP8.

• MPEG-4 Video Encoding/Decoding 1080p; HDMI graphics 1920 x 1080 x 30fps. • Dual-channel LVDS 1920 x 1080 x 30fps.

• LVDS 24-Bit dual channel and Display Port 1.1a; 10/100/1000MBit RJ45 Ethernet LAN, GPIO.

• Up to 4 Gbytes of DDR3L SDRAM; Up to 64 Gbytes of eMMC flash.

• 4x USB 3.0 and 6x USB 2.0. • 2x Gigabit Ethernet and a SIM card socket. • Improved graphics performance with hd500 series. • Congatec embedded board controller featuring Multi Stage Watchdog, nonvolatile User Data Storage, BIOS Setup and Data Backup. Congatec San Diego, CA (858) 457-2600 www.congatec.com

• 2 SATA 3.0 (up to 6 Gbytes/s), 1 SATA multiplex with mSATA/mPCIe in mPCIe connector. Kontron Poway, CA. (888) 294-4558. www.kontron.com

• Gbit Ethernet Interface; 1x PCI Express x1; 1x SATA-II; 1x USB Device/Host + up to 5x USB 2.0; 1x MMC/SD/SDIO Interface. MSC Technologies San Bruno, CA. (650) 616-4068. www.mscembedded.com

FIND the products featured in this section and more at

intelligentsystemssource.com

COTS Journal | May 2016

31


DATA SHEET

SMALL FORM FACTOR BOARDS ROUNDUP

Compact Module Sports Quad-Core 1,400 MHz QorIQ Processor

1.9 GHz Atom Bay Trail SBC is Credit Card Sized

Mini-ITX SBC Uses Intel Skylake-S 6th Core Processor with LGA Socket

TQ Systems’ TQMT1042 minimodule embodies the next generation of the wellknown TQMP1020/2020 QorIQ product family. With four e5500 (64-bit) cores and a clock rate of up to 4x 1,400 MHz, the TQ modules using QorIQ processors provide the best ratio between processing speed and power loss. The 28 nm technology significantly reduces the power consumption compared to a QorIQ module of the former generation. This feature, together with the expanded temperature range and intelligent power management, enables the use in fan-free systems.

Versalogic’s Hawk is an extremely small, rugged, embedded computer. Embedded Processing Unit (EPU) format combines processor, memory, video, and system I/O into an extremely compact full function embedded computer. The computer has a footprint the size of a credit card. Form factor designed to withstand extreme temperature, impact, and vibration.

The MB-64050 from WIN Enterprises is a Mini-ITX motherboard featuring the Intel processor formerly code named Intel Skylake-S. Skylake is a 6th generation Core processor. The "S" model is a socketed processor that uses a socket called the LGA 1151 (Land Grid Array). The LGA socket provides the OEM with the flexibility to choose between Intel Core i7/i5/i3 processors, depending on the processing power required.

• Quad core up to 1,400 MHz in 28 nm SOI for the best Performance/Watt ratio.

• Integrated Intel Gen 7 graphics core supports DirectX 11, OpenGL 4, and H.264, MPEG-2 encoding/decoding. LVDS video output.

• 5x Gbit Ethernet, 4x PCle and two USB 2.0 High Speed interfaces. • Dual SATA interfaces for data storage. • Easy function extensions via PCle, eSPI, I²C and IFC (Local Bus). • IEEE 1588 time synchronization in hardware. • Display Interface Unit. TQ-Systems Seefeld, Germany +49 8153 9308-0 www.tq-group.com

FIND the products featured in this section and more at

intelligentsystemssource.com

32

COTS Journal | May 2016

• Intel Atom “Bay Trail” Processor with up to 1.9 GHz clock rate. Quad, dual or single core options. • Fanless operation:

• Gbit Ethernet (GbE) with remote boot support. • Up to 4 Gbytes of soldered-down DDR3L RAM; Up to 8 Gbytes of on-board eMMC flash storage. • -40° to +85°C operation for harsh environments. Versalogic Tualatin, OR (503) 747-2261 www.versalogic.com

• LGA socketed 6th Generation Intel Core Skylake-S embedded processor. • Intel Q170/H110 Express chipset. • DDR4 / 2133MHz up to 16 Gbytes. • HDMI 1.4b, DP++ and 24-bit LVDS. • 2 x Intel GbE LAN, 1 x Mini-PCIe. • 6 x COM, 8 x USB, LPC, SMBus. • 4 x SATA w/ RAID, HD Audio. • PCIe X16 and optional X1 PCIe slot. • DC 12V input. WIN Enterprises North Andover, MA. (978) 688-2000. www.win-ent.com


COTS

FIND the products featured in this section and more at

PRODUCTS

intelligentsystemssource.com

Power Supplies Feature Wide Input Range and DC Outputs up to 4,000 W Behlman Electronics has introduced its DCR2U Critical Mission COTS Power Supply Series for those who must have reliable DC power whenever and wherever it is needed for airborne, shipboard, ground and mobile applications. Behlman has created the DCR2U Series of COTS Power Supplies to accept inputs of either 80-265 VAC at 47 to 440 HZ, power factor corrected; 240 to 400 VDC; or 115/200 VAC, 3-phase at 360 to 440 Hz (IAW MIL-STD-704 and DO-160). To make this a truly versatile power supply, custom inputs are also available upon request. Output power of 2,000/3,000/4,000 Watts are available, with voltages from 3.3 VDC to 48 VDC, along with protective circuits, controls, and indicators, and wide-ranging operating and storage temperatures. The DCR2U is designed to meet MIL-STD-810F for Shock and Vibration, and MIL-STD-461E for EMI/EMC (RE102 inside external enclosure). Behlman DCR2U Critical Mission COTS Power Supplies are designed to be mounted in 19 inch racks, and need only 2U (3.50 inches) off space. Weight is approximately 30 pounds. Behlman Electronics Hauppauge, NY (631) 435-0410 www.behlman.com

Radio Test Set Combines Nine Test Capabilities in One Device

Non-isolated DC-DC Converter Series Extended with 20A Models

Astronics Test Systems has introduced a radio test solution for use in commercial aerospace, military, and civil security applications. The new CTS 6000 Series radio test set incorporates nine test capabilities into a single tester with an easy-to-use, modern touchscreen interface for testing radio communications systems. Users can test tactical handsets, amplifiers, antennae and any other component of a radio system. The unit has a 10.1 inch sunlight-readable display and weighs less than 10.6 pounds (4.8 kg). The synthetic test instrumentation includes all these functions: RF signal generator; RF receiver; RF power meter; RF analyzers; AF signal generator; Audio meters; Oscilloscope; Reference oscillator and Tracking generator.

TDK has introduced 20A versions of the TDK-Lambda i6A product family of non-isolated DC-DC converters. Capable of operating from an even wider input voltage of 9V to 53V, the i6A4W step-down converters deliver an output voltage that can be adjustable from 3.3V to 15V. These additional products allow operation from 48V inputs, and can be used as drop-in replacements for expensive isolated 1/6th converters driving 12V POL devices. In the 1/16 th brick form factor, measuring 33 x 22.9 x 12.7mm, the converters can also be used in conjunction with single output 12V, 24V, 36V and 48V output AC-DC power supplies to generate additional regulated high current outputs, with or without battery back-up.

Astronics Test Systems Irvine, CA (949) 859-8999 www.astronicstestsystems.com

TDK-Lambda Americas San Diego, CA (619) 628 2885 www.us.tdk-lambda.com/lp

COTS Journal | May 2016

33


COTS PRODUCTS

PCIe-Based Modules Offer Solution for Many I/O Types Acromag has released its PCIe-based AcroPack Series of general purpose I/O modules for embedded computing applications are an extended version of the mPCIe specification and feature a 100-pin connector to handle the I/O. AcroPack Series of I/O mezzanine modules and carriers provide a cost-effective solution for a modular approach to system assembly enabling application specific customization. The modules plug into connectors on AcroPack carriers to add analog or digital input and output or communication in any combination for embedded applications running on MIL-STD-810G Linux, Windows, or VxWorks operating MIL-STD-901D systems. Acromag’s AcroPack PCIe MIL-STD-167 carrier holds up to two mini-PCIe or MIL-STD-461 AcroPack mezzanine modules. Four DO-160 AcroPack mezzanine models will offer IP66 32 isolated digital input model AP440, 32 isolated digital output model AP445, 32 I/O channels with 0 to 60V model AP408, and four or eight UART ports RS232 model AP50x. For easy integration of the AP modules with real time software application programs, Acromag offers • Military-Grade Custom and COTS C libraries for VxWorks and other Rugged Systems Designed to Excel operating systems. The libraries provide in the Harshest Environments Rack Mount Servers and Workstations generic routines (source code included) • 25 Year Track Record of Excellence to handle reads, writes, interrupts, • SWaP Optimized and other functions. Demonstration programs enable the developer to quickly exercise the I/O modules before attaching the routines to the application program. This diagnostic tool can save hours of troubleshooting and debugging. Embedded Systems The COTS product line of AcroPacks are ROHS compliant and ideal for scientific development labs, military Flat Panel Displays and Computers and aerospace applications, the defense industry, and automation applications. All Systel products are designed, Modules start at less than $650 and manufactured, High Performance Computing and tested in carriers $750. the USA

Rugged Solutions for Mission Critical Applications

Acromag Wixom, MI (248) 295-0310 www.acromag.com

34

COTS Journal | May 2016

Contact Us Today to Discuss Your Rugged Needs! www.systelusa.com/cots 1-877-979-7835 sales@systelusa.com


COTS PRODUCTS

Hybrid DC-DC Converters Handle Environments up to 185 Degrees C VPT has released the HTD Series of DC-DC converters specifically designed for harsh and extreme temperature environments including aircraft engine electronics and other industrial applications requiring reliable operation in high temperatures. The HTD isolated 1.5 W DC-DC converter operates from -55 to 155 degrees C and the HTD nonisolated DC-DC converters operate from -55 to 185 degrees C. Each model has dual outputs and is designed using thick film hybrid microcircuit technology, bare semiconductor die integrated with passive components and thick film conductors on a ceramic substrate. Within the HTD design, component-attach and die bonding are optimized for high temperature life, and hermetic metal packaging protects internal components for long-term reliability. Each HTD Series product has a low profile of 0.27 inches and measures less than an inch wide at 0.975 x 0.800 inches. The HTD Series of DC-DC converters are available for immediate sale. Unit pricing begins at $700-800 for volume quantities, depending on product model. Custom versions are also available. VPT Blacksburg, VA (425) 353-3010 www.vptpower.com

FLOATS LIKE A BUTTERFLY. PROTECTS LIKE A PELICAN. 9490 RALS

9480 RALS

UP TO 40% LIGHTER. With new airline-friendly form factors, Pelican™ Air will lighten the load of those talented and dedicated pros who set out to change the game and set the standards for others to follow. Now more than ever, when serious pros need to protect the tools of their trade, they will reach for Pelican Air. NOTHING PROTECTS LIKE A PELICAN CASE CAN. GUARANTEED FOR LIFE. See the new line of cases at www.pelican.com/air

Pelican Products, Inc. 23215 Early Avenue, Torrance, CA 90505

FIND the products featured in this section and more at

intelligentsystemssource.com

866.823.0127 (TOLL FREE) • Tel 310.326.4700 • Fax 310.326.3311 All trademarks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks of Pelican Products, Inc., its affiliates and/or subsidiaries.

COTS Journal | May 2016

35


COTS PRODUCTS

Socket Supports 153 pin BGA ICs on any PCB with No Soldering Ironwood Electronics has introduced a high performance BGA socket for 0.5mm pitch BGA 153 pin IC's. The SG-BGA-7292 socket is designed for an eMMC memory package and operates at bandwidths up to 30 GHz with less than 1dB of insertion loss. The sockets are designed to dissipate up to several watts without extra heat sinking and can handle up to 100 watts with custom heat sink. The contact resistance is typically 20 milliohms per pin. The socket connects all pins with 30 GHz bandwidth on all connections. The socket is mounted with a patented technology that allows for mounting with no holes in the target PCB, no soldering, and minimal footprint. It can be mounted on any existing PCB with Ironwoodâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s exclusive placement/epoxy system. The SGBGA-7292 sockets are constructed with high performance and low inductance elastomer contactor. The temperature range is -35 to +100 degrees C. The pin self inductance is 0.15 nH and mutual inductance of 0.025 nH. Capacitance to ground is 0.01 pF. Current capacity is 2 amps per pin. Works with IC's such as Kingston eMMC BGA153, 13x11.5mm with 0.5mm pitch and 14x14 ball array. Pricing for the SG-BGA-7292 is $550 at qty 1; with reduced pricing available depending on quantity required. Ironwood Electronics Eagan, MN (952) 229-8200 www.ironwoodelectronics.com

COTS Technology with a Custom Twist. Many companies choose to focus on what they offer to the customer by way of solutions and skills. System providers and niche market OEMs often sub-contract their computer hardware design. If your application has unusual requirements, Sundance has the skills and resources to specify, design, manufacture and test a custom solution for you. Our design engineers will help you to develop a specification that meets your requirements, whilst making every effort to ensure that your product conforms to appropriate industry standards. By doing so, your product will be re-useable in future system-building applications. As a result, you will enjoy the benefits of both compatibility and an optimised solution, along with a fast, cost-effective route to market. For more information on any of these products, or assistance please contact us and we will help you the best we can.

Sundance Multiprocessor Technology Ltd. cots@sundance.com â&#x20AC;˘ www.sundance.com Photo: U.S. Air Force / Sr. Airman Nathanael Callon

36

COTS Journal | May 2016


COTS PRODUCTS

Secure Networked Data Storage System Suits Unmanned Platforms Curtiss-Wright’s Defense Solutions division has announced a small form factor SWaP-optimized solution for storing large amounts of data on UAVs, Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV), and ISR aircraft. The new Data Transport System 1-Slot (DTS1) is a single-slot Network Attached Storage High-Performance, High-Speed (NAS) device and weighs only 4.0 pounds and measures only 1.5- x 5.0- x 6.5-inches (38.1 x 127 x 165.1 mm). This small form factor data transport system delivers up to 2 Terabytes of storage and supports advanced encryption to protect critical data-at-rest. The DTS1 is ideal for rugged applications that require the storage, removal, and transport of critical data such as cockpit data (mission, map, maintenance), ISR (camera, I&Q, sensors), Acromag.com/FPGAs mobile applications (ground radar, ground mobile, airborne ISR pods), heavy industrial (steel, refinery), and video/audio data collection ( flight test instrumentation). The DTS1 houses one Removable Memory Cartridge (RMC) that Acromag’s high-performance XMC & PMC ▪ 32M x 16-bit parallel flash memory for provides quick off load of data. The RMC FPGA modules feature a user-customizable MicroBlaze® FPGA program code storage can be easily removed from one DTS1 and Xilinx® FPGA. These modules allow you ▪ High-speed serial interface on rear P15 installed into any other DTS1 providing to develop and store your own instruction connector for PCIe Gen 1/2 (standard), seamless full data transfer between one or sets in the FPGA for a variety of adaptive Serial RapidI/O, 10Gb Ethernet, more networks in separate locations. With computing applications. Xilinx® Aurora its optional DTS crypto module, the DTS1 supports demanding military applications Select from several models with up to ▪ High-speed interfaces on rear P16 that require secure data-at-rest. To ensure 410K logic cells optimized for logic, DSP, connector for customer-installed soft cores the security of critical data, all data is or PowerPC. The high-speed memory passed through the FIPS 140-2 certified in▪ 34 SelectI/O or 17 LVDS pairs plus 2 global and fast bus interfaces rapidly move data. line media encryptors prior to being read clock pairs direct to FPGA via rear P16 port from or written to the RMC. An FPGA engineering design kit and ▪ DMA support provides data transfer Curtiss-Wright data transport systems software utilities with examples between system memory and the (DTSx) use off-the-shelf 2.5 inch SATA simplify your programming and on-board memory solid state drives with storage capacities get you started quickly. ranging from 128 Gbytes to 2 Terabytes. ▪ Support for Xilinx® ChipScope™ With a wide variety of SSDs, the DTS Pro interface memory can be scaled to meet the application needs. Each disk consumes Embedded Computing & I/O Solutions only 2 W of power and weighs only 0.7 pounds (317 g). An RMC is small enough to fit in a shirt or flight-suit pocket and yet rugged enough for transport. Error correction, wear-leveling, and bad block I/O Modules VME SBCs SFF Embedded Computers VPX Carriers management are performed to ensure Acromag.com/VPXcarriers Acromag.com/EmbeddedIO Acromag.com/Boards Acromag.com/ARCX data integrity.

FPGA Computing

Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions, Ashburn, VA (703) 779-7800. www.cwcdefense.com

www.acromag.com | solutions@acromag.com | 877-295-7084

COTS Journal | May 2016

37


COTS PRODUCTS

Secure Laptop Features Finger Print Scanner and TPM Module

Conduction Cooled ATRs and Enclosures Support OpenVPX, MircoTCA

Eurocom has launched the Commander, an enterprise class laptop that is designed for secure computing.. The laptop standard with a variety of features including a Smart Card reader, finger print scanner, TPM module and a Kensington lock port keep hardware and data secure. The docking station, express card slot and optical drive provide expandability and efficiency. It is pre-wired for LTE or UMTS/ HSPA WAN computing. Processing power is provided through an upgradeable LGA 1151 socket and Intel Q170 chipset supporting 12 nm, 32 watt Intel Core i7-6700T, 6600T, and 6500T processors managing up to two 16 GB DDR3 SODIMM for a total of 32 Gbytes of memory.

Pixus Technologies has announced new conduction cooled chassis in the ATR format or in specialty Small Form Factor (SFF) designs. Enclosures formats are available for both OpenVPX and MicroTCA architectures. The Pixus conduction-cooled ATRs come in standard 1/2 and 3/4 sizes for 3U or 6U boards. There are also options for the MicroTCA.3 Hardened form factor as well as heat exchanged versions. The enclosures are designed to meet MIL-STD-704, MIL-STD-810G, and MIL-STD-461. Off-the-shelf power interface boards are available to easily incorporate VITA 62 or PICMG 2.9 power supplies. Pixus also offers application-specific conduction cooled solutions.

Eurocom, Nepean, Ontario, Canada (613) 224-6122. www.eurocom.com

Pixus Technologies, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada (519) 885-5775. www.pixustechnologies.com

Rugged Servers, Computers and LCD Displays for Military Applications

Integrated Deployable Enterprise Network Solutions • 5-Year Warranty on Servers • Designed and Built in the USA • Complete Revision Control • Designed and Built to Meet MIL-STDs www.chassis-plans.com 10123 Carroll Canyon Road - San Diego - CA - 92131 - 858.571.4330

38

COTS Journal | May 2016


COTS PRODUCTS

OpenVPX Core i7 SBC Provides Built-In Video Capture

Radar Display Software Meets Unmanned Surface Vehicle Needs

Creative Electronic Systems (CES) has announced the CIOV-2231: a 3U OpenVPX SBC featuring an Intel Core i7 processor delivering the computing power of Intel’s latest Quad-Core dual-threaded (8-threads) Broadwell microarchitecture. Designed for the extreme of temperatures, shocks and vibrations, the CIOV2231 is made for processing-, data- or graphics-intensive applications deployed in harsh environment requiring conduction-cooled equipment. The CIOV-2231 embeds all the necessary hardware to capture video and I/O directly onboard. The high integration of the CIOV-2231 provides system architects and integrators with a very powerful and unique Intel based single board solution.

Cambridge Pixel has launched USVx, a new radar display application to control radar sensors and tracking functions on unmanned or autonomous surface vehicles (USV/ASVs). The USVx radar display software provides an integrated display picture of radar, tracks, AIS (automatic identification system) data, context maps and NMEA-0183 navigation data from the USV. USVx provides a powerful and intuitive graphical user interface designed for use with touchscreens that allows the operator to change range scale, control the operation of the radar and tracker remotely, and monitor alarms and track reports. Fusion software enables AIS reports to be combined with radar tracks.

CES (Creative Electronic Systems), Geneva, Switzerland +41 (0)22 884 51 00. www.ces-swap.com

Cambridge Pixel, Cambridge, UK +44 (0) 1763 852749. www.cambridgepixel.com

Industry’s First NVMe over Fabric Flash Array Dramatically Increases Application Performance Middle Canyon and Mangstor delivers the industry’s first flash storage array supporting NVMe over Ethernet or Infiniband fabrics and packaged via an RDMA cluster scale-out architecture that delivers lower latency and higher IOPS performance than traditional SAN solutions. The NX Series provides the highest performance storage tier for business analytics and HPC applications as well as a caching storage layer for Big Data applications. It also provides high concurrent Read/ Write bandwidth for video storage and delivery. The NX Series flash arrays are based on Mangstor’s MX6300 SSDs and its TITAN software stack. TITAN provides industry-leading performance and latency by tightly integrating NVMe SSDs with a high-performance, low latency network and efficient use of x86

your fast, flexible and responsive partner.

server capabilities. The array appears as local Direct Attached Storage (DAS) to any attached servers for seamless integration with existing applications and storage infrastructures, and has all of the management and serviceability benefits of centralized storage.

• Delivers up to 10x higher bandwidth and 10x lower latency versus ISCSI/FC flash arrays • Accesses data at nearly identical latencies as accessing local PCIe-based SSDs

13469 Middle Canyon Rd., Carmel Valley, CA 93924 (408) 718-7854 • sales@middlecanyon.com • middlecanyon.com

• User configurable into separate storage volumes and shareable across multiple hosts • 2015 Best of Show winner at Flash Memory Summit

COTS Journal | May 2016

39


COTS PRODUCTS

ARINC 600 Network Server Targets Enhanced In-Flight Comms MEN Micro offers a robust ARINC 600 compliant high speed network server for in-flight communications. Pre-integrated and pre-qualified to DO-160G up to the operating system, the versatile MP70S enables aircrafts to achieve new levels of in-flight connectivity for wireless data transmission, entertainment, and system maintenance applications. Based on CompactPCI Serial, it uses the latest Intel Core i7, quad-core 64-bit processor. A carrier-grade, managed 16-port Ethernet switch ensures high availability, providing six ports internally and 10 via the ARINC 600 connector. The new airborne server can simultaneously act as a passengeraccessible wireless access point, while providing a cellular 3G/4G connection for data loading. An ARINC 600, 4 MCU housing features a multipurpose OLED display that enables easy viewing of system status, operating instructions, and user-defined data points. Servicing and maintenance are easily handled through a convenient front panel, which also provides access to two USB 3.0 interfaces for fast, efficient data uploads and internal disk updates. Two hot-pluggable 2.5-inch SATA HDD/SSD shuttles, supporting a total storage capacity of 1.8 Terabyte, and two SIM card slots are also accessible via the front panel. The robust system provides interfaces for ARINC 429 and ARINC 717 as well as discrete I/O for connectivity to legacy aircraft equipment. MEN Micro, Ambler, PA (215) 542-9575. www.menmicro.com

You Know Embedded Computing. We Know Packaging. Partnering with Pixus Technologies for your enclosure, backplane, integrated system, subrack, components, plug-in units, or instrumentation and electronics cases, allows you to focus on your core competencies. With expertise in industry standard form factors including ATCA, CompactPCI, MicroTCA, VME, and VPX, Pixus has the industry experience you need in a packaging partner. To learn how we can help with your next project, contact us today.

Chassis

Integrated Systems

USA (631) 360-1257

40

COTS Journal | May 2016

Canada (519) 885-5775

Backplanes

Subracks

Email: sales@pixustechnologies.com

Components

Cases

www.pixustechnologies.com


COTS PRODUCTS

OpenVPX Backplanes Boast Signal Integrity at up to 10.3 Gbaud Dawn VME Products has announced its newly released VPX-598x Series Gen3 3U OpenVPX Backplanes. Dawn’s Gen3 3U OpenVPX backplanes are designed for true signal integrity at up to 10.3 Gbaud performance (per VITA 68 backplane simulation models). Supporting PCIe Gen 3 and 10 GbE (XAUI) and the most advanced Gen3 bandwidth module configurations, Dawn Gen3 backplanes offer multiple connector choices, including a high vibration option. Dawn uses VITA 68 S-parameter simulation models of signal paths across the backplane to insure compliance with signal integrity standards. In the simulation models a signal integrity budget is established for the backplane portion of a system. These models permit simulation of the backplane with available OpenVPX modules and connectors, so full system signal integrity can be achieved. Using these simulations to guide the backplane designs, Dawn engineers use back drilling to remove stubs and then layout paths to eliminate impedance discontinuities. The goal is to optimize the path between any pair of transmitting and receiving chips in the systems, so communication proceeds without cross talk or other forms of interference. Dawn’s 598x Series VPX backplanes are designed to be compliant with the following released standards and December 2015 state of draft specifications: VITA 46.0, VITA 46.1, VITA 46.3, VITA 46.4, VITA 46.6, VITA 46.7, VITA 46.9, VITA 46.10, VITA 46.11, VITA 48.0(REDI), VITA 48.1(REDI Air Cooling), Vita 48.2(REDI Conduction Cooling), VITA65.0 (OpenVPX) ready. VITA 68 backplane models are available on request for system simulation. Pricing is $2,625.00 for quantity 1. Dawn VME Products San Jose, CA (510) 657-4444 www.dawnvme.com.

Suite of Rugged, Application-Ready Systems Require no NRE NAI has announced the availability of multiple application-ready rugged systems tailored for DoD Modular Open Systems Architecture Acquisition Strategy. NAI’s highly-adaptive, scalable Custom on Standard Architecture (COSA), approach optimizes reliability, size, weight and power, as these systems seamlessly integrate with NAI’s processing, intelligent multifunction I/O, and communications boards. Communications and I/O functions can be easily interchanged based on customer requirements without affecting the design of the overall system. NAI's applicationready systems support Intel, NXP or ARM –A9 processors and a full suite of I/O and communications functions. They are designed to meet MIL-STD-461F and MIL-STD-810G with support for MIL-STD-1275D & MIL-STD-704A with 50ms holdup. North Atlantic Industries Bohemia, NY (631) 567-1100 www.naii.com

Synchro/Resolver Input PCIe Board Delivers High Accuracy Measurement Data Device Corporation (DDC) has introduced a high accuracy Synchro/Resolver input PCIe board offering an easy and flexible solution for angular measurement testing in production screening and prototype evaluation. The new SB-3625XKX board features a user-friendly Windows Graphical User Interface (GUI) and a comprehensive Synchro/Resolver LabVIEW support package, to support a wide range of applications and test requirements. The board delivers high accuracy resolution, up to 1 Arc minute based on DDC’s RD-19230 high-precision analog-to-digital converter technology, along with a high independent channel density. Data Device Corp. Bohemia, NY (631) 567-5600 www.ddc-web.com

FIND the products featured in this section and more at

intelligentsystemssource.com

COTS Journal | May 2016

41


COTS PRODUCTS

PC/104 SBC Sports DMP Vortex86DX3 and Data Acq Functions Diamond Systems has unveiled its compact, rugged HELIX PC/104 SBC based on the DMP Vortex86DX3 system-on-chip (SoC) processor. Helios is a low cost SBC offering high feature density in a compact size and providing optional integrated high-quality data acquisition circuitry, PCIe MiniCard I/O expansion, and rugged construction. Two standard Helix models are available off-the-shelf; one aimed low-cost basic applications and the other targeting data acquisition applications. The data acquisition model expands on the features of the basic model by adding a complete data acquisition circuit as well as other I/O. A variety of customization options are also available allowing customers to match the specific needs of their application with on-board features of the Helix SBC. The board uses an expanded PC/104 form factor measuring 102 x 102 mm (4.0 x 4.0 in). Helix PC/104 SBCs combine the 1 GHz DMP Vortex86DX3 dual core SoC with a wealth of PC I/O and on-board data acquisition circuitry at a competitive price. VGA and LVDS displays are supported and the available PC I/O includes up to 6 USB 2.0 ports, 2 RS-232/422/485 and 2 RS-232 ports, 1 10/100Mbps Ethernet port, 1 Gbit Ethernet port, and 1 SATA port that supports both on-board SATA DOM and offboard SATA devices. The optional integrated data acquisition circuitry includes 16 16-bit A/D channels with 100 kHz sample rate, 4 16-bit D/A channels with voltage outputs, and 11 additional programmable digital I/O lines for a total of 27 lines. With an operating temperature of -40 to +85 degrees C and memory soldered on board, Helix is an excellent choice for rugged applications. Aries is also available in Diamond’s off-the-shelf and highly configurable Octavio systems. Two standard models of the Helix PC/104 single board computer are available one with the full data acquisition circuitry and one only digital I/O. Single unit pricing starts at $425 without on-board data acquisition. Diamond Systems, Mountain View, CA (650) 810-2500. www.diamondsystems.com

RUGGED TO THE CORE On the outside, today’s aerospace designs are sleek and elegant machines. But on the inside, extreme temperatures and vibration demand the most rugged equipment. TE Connectivity’s (TE) Fortis Zd, Mezalok and MULTIGIG RT 2-R rugged modular connector systems for backplane applications were specifically constructed for high-speed aerospace projects that require design fl exibility, incorporate power and signal and provide rugged reliability. Connect with TE to learn more about our rugged, high speed backplane connectors for aerospace and military applications at te.com/highspeed © 2016 TE Connectivity Ltd. family of companies. All Rights Reserved. MULTIGIG RT, Fortis Zd, Mezalok, EVERY CONNECTION COUNTS, TE, TE Connectivity and the TE connectivity (logo) are trademarks of the TE Connectivity Ltd. family of companies.

EVERY CONNECTION COUNTS

TE-ADM_BoardLevel_Core_HP_COTS.indd 42 COTS Journal | May 2016

1

1/6/16 2:06 PM


COTS PRODUCTS

3U OpenVPX SBC Feeds Power Architecture Upgrade Needs Abaco Systems provides the SBC314 rugged 3U OpenVPX SBC. The SBC314 is available with Freescaleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Power Architecture QorIQ AMP (advanced multiprocessing) CPUs. The version featuring the T1042 4-core e5500-based processor is designed for environments requiring minimal power consumption, while the board using the T2081 8-virtual core e6500 processor is designed to deliver maximum performance. The board is designed as a straightforward, cost-effective upgrade/technology insertion opportunity from earlier Power Architecture 3U OpenVPX SBCs from GE for programs requiring either additional processing capability or lower SWaP characteristics. The T1042 processor is designed to function at less than 7.5W, allowing this version of the SBC314 to operate with a typical total board power consumption of less than 20Wâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;half that of a comparable SBC312. Designed specifically for harsh environments, the SBC314 is available in five air- and conduction-cooled ruggedization levels, and also offers VITA 48 formats for 2-level maintenance (2LM) requirements. Fully compatible with OpenVPX (VITA 65), the SBC314 offers multiple connectivity options via its highly configurable PCI Express fabric ports enabling a range of scalable solutions from single host and peripherals to larger multiprocessor systems. In addition the SBC314 supports a diverse I/O set that includes Gigabit Ethernet, COM ports, USB 2.0, SATA and GPIO. Further incremental system resource expansion is provided via an XMC/PMC capable mezzanine site which offers the option of having either XMC I/O or PMC I/O routed to the VPX backplane connectors. Abaco Systems Huntsville, AL (866) 652-2226 www.abaco.com

Embeddable DVR Features Incremental Encoder Interface Sensoray has introduced its new Model 4012, a compact digital video recorder (DVR) optimized for embedding in OEM systems. It records audio and video (A/V) to USB storage media in MP4 format and captures JPEG images on-the-fly without interrupting recording. Two incremental encoder interfaces allow position information to be overlaid directly onto the video. The A/V outputs allow live video, recorded A/V or JPEG snapshots to be displayed on an external monitor. Date and time are maintained by a realtime clock with battery backup. To implement a complete embedded DVR simply connect power, your own custom keypad and a USB storage device. Sensoray Tigard, OR (503) 684-8005 www.sensoray.com

COM Express Modules Serve up 2.4 GHz Skylake Celerons Congatec has announced two new entry-level models based on the latest Intel 14nm microarchitecture ( formerly codename Skylake). The Celeron processor-based COM Express Basic and Compact modules combine cost efficient dual-core CPU performance with state of the art features such as 4k multiscreen support, high-speed DDR4 RAM with increased bandwidth and four USB 3.0 ports. The new COM Express Compact module conga-TC170 features the 2 GHz dual-core Intel Celeron Processor 3955U with a configurable Thermal Design Power (cTDP) of 10-15W. The slightly larger new conga-TS170 COM Express Basic modules are available with the Intel Celeron Processor G3900E with 2.4 GHz and 35W TDP or with the G3902E featuring 1.6 GHz and 25 W TDP. Congatec San Diego, CA (858) 457-2600 www.congatec.com FIND the products featured in this section and more at

intelligentsystemssource.com

COTS Journal | May 2016

43


COTS PRODUCTS

Processor Boards Provide Up to 8 QorIQ ARM Cortex-A53 Cores Extreme Engineering Solutions has announced availability of its first NXP QorIQ ARM-based boards, the XPedite6401 XMC/PrPMC mezzanine module and the forthcoming XPedite6370 3U VPX SBC. Supporting up to 16 Gbytes of DDR4-2100 ECC SDRAM from its NXP LS1088A ARM processor with eight 64-bit ARM A53 cores, the XPedite6401 is an excellent choice for a wide variety of applications that demand low-power consumption coupled with high- performance processing. Built on the Layerscape architecture, the LS10xx and LS20xx processor families on X-ES ARM- based SBCs and processor mezzanines are available in two, four, and eight-core configurations for scalable processing power and minimal power consumption. Layerscape's available I/O, such as multiple Gbit Ethernet ports, multiple PCI Express ports, USB, and SATA, as well as ARM's ultra-low power advantages, allow for an embedded processing solution without compromises. The XPedite6401 XMC/PrPMC is the first ARM-based processor module from X-ES. It features the latest NXP QorIQ 64-bit multicore ARM processor, targeting the LS1043A quad-core ARM A53 processor. It is designed with a focus on long life cycle support and future compatibility with the recently announced NXP LS1088A octal-core A53 and LS1046A quad-core A72 processors. The XPedite6401 will provide a scalable processing solution to meet a range of project needs and thermal requirements. The XPedite6401 will soon be followed by the XPedite6370, a 3U VPX ARM-based single board computer. Leveraging the high performance-per-watt of the ARM core processors makes the XPedite6401 and XPedite6370 ideally-suited for lower power applications, where performance-per-watt is at a premium. Extreme Engineering Solutions, Middleton, WI (608) 833-1155. www.xes-inc.com

E3800 Atom-based VPX Board Gets Conduction-Cooled Variant Concurrent Technologies is now shipping deployment quantities of the previously announced TR D2x/msd board in rugged conduction cooled variants. This 3U form factor board scores well in SWaP comparisons with previous generation products due to its low power consumption combined with up to four-core processing capability. The rugged conduction cooled variants of the product will operate at temperatures between -40 to +85 degrees C at the card edge with no degradation in processor or graphics performance and have completed a range of environmental tests defined by VITA 47. Concurrent Technologies offers a number of software packages to enhance the product for critical embedded applications, particularly within the defense and security markets. The standard BIOS can be optionally replaced with a customer configurable FastBoot package to provide a much improved boot time. A comprehensive Built-in Test (BIT) package and board level security package are also optionally available, the latter providing features designed to prevent access to sensitive data. In addition, TR D2x/msd-RC is the first product from Concurrent Technologies to be available with system management capabilities compatible with the draft VITA 46.11 standard which is intended to provide uniform management functions for VPX based equipment. Concurrent Technologies, Woburn, MA (781) 933 5900. www.gocct.com

44

COTS Journal | May 2016

CompactPCI Serial Carrier Card Supports Dual PCIe Mini Cards EKF Elektronik has announced the SF1STUDIO, a CompactPCI Serial carrier board accommodates up to two mezzanine I/O adapter modules based on the PCI Express Mini Card form factor, suitable for industrial Ethernet and fieldbus applications. Up to four front panel I/O connectors are available for direct attachment of a variety of machines and systems. The SF1-STUDIO is optimized for Hilscher real- time Ethernet and fieldbus modules. Many popular protocols are supported. With respect to Ethernet, mezzanine modules are available for EtherCAT, EtherNet/IP, OpenModbus/TCP, POWERLINK, PROFINET IO, Sercos, and VARAN. There are also I/O modules disposable for the classic interfaces Profibus DP, CANopen, DeviceNet and CC-Link. EKF Elektronik, Hamm, Germany +49 (0)2381/6890-0. www.ekf.de


A19_COTS_2_25x9_875_A19.qxd 2/29/16 12:04 PM P

COTS PRODUCTS

3U cPCI Serial Blade Sports 4th/5th Gen Intel Core Processors ADLINK Technology has introduced the cPCI-A3515, the company’s first product in a new series of CompactPCI Serial processor blades. This new 3U module features an Intel Core processor and supports the CompactPCI Serial industry standard for applications requiring reliable high-speed and high-bandwidth data communications. ADLINK’s new CompactPCI Serial processor blade features a quad-core 4th/5th generation Intel Core i7 processor with up to 16 Gbytes of dual-channel DDR3L soldered ECC-type SDRAM. Customers may test the new serial interface on their systems by using ADLINK’s starter kit, which includes the CPU board, I/O cards, fanless chassis, backplane, and power supply. The Serial standard extends parallel PCI with serial PCI Express, SATA, Ethernet, and USB, and supports transfer speeds up to 600 Gbits/s. ADLINK’s cPCI-A3515 offers extensive data throughput options with PCIe interfaces that include one PCIe x8, two PCIe x4, and three PCIe x1. Four 6 Gbits/s SATA interfaces and up to ten USB 2.0/3.0 ports are also available. Rear I/O features up to eight 1000Base-T Gbit Ethernet connections to compatible backplanes, which may be either hybrid or CPCI 2.0/S.0 commercial-off-the-shelf. Front I/O includes two display ports, two USB 3.0, and two Gbit Ethernet ports, as well as an option for two USB 2.0, one RS-232/422/485, and one VGA port. ADLINK Technology San Jose, CA (408) 360-0200 www.adlinktech.com

T MOUN E C A S U R Fd t h r u - h o l e ) (an mers r o f s Tr a n d u c t o r s & In

Size does matter! from lowprofile

.18"ht. • Audio Transformers • Pulse Transformers • DC-DC Converter Transformers • MultiPlex Data Bus Transformers • Power & EMI Inductors

Voltage Controlled Oscillator Operates from 900 MHz to 940 MHz Crystek's CVCO33CL-0900-0940 VCO (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) operates from 900 MHz to 940 MHz with a control voltage range of 0.2V~2.0V. This VCO features a typical phase noise of -104 dBc/Hz at 10KHz offset and has excellent linearity. Output power is typically + 3dBm. Engineered and manufactured in the USA, the model CVCO33CL-0900-0940 is packaged in the industry-standard 0.3- x 0.3-inch SMD package. Input voltage is 3V, with a maximum current consumption of 20 mA. Pulling and Pushing are minimized to 8.0 MHz and 1.0 MHz/V, respectively. Second harmonic suppression is -10 dBc max. Crystek Ft. Myers, FL (239) 561-3311 www.crystek.com.

See

ly e d ia te g im m m o C a ta lo c ll . s fu P ic o ’s tronic

w w w.

picoe

lec

800 431-1064 Fax 914-738-8225 E Mail: info@picoelectronics.com

PICO

Electronics, Inc.

143 Sparks Ave. Pelham, N.Y. 10803-1837

Delivery - Stock to one week

COTS Journal | May 2016

45


COTS

PRODUCT GALLERY New 6U VME Single Board Computer Features an Intel® Celeron® CPU Add 7 to 10 years of life to your system with this high-performance SBC that features a FPGA-based VME to PCIe-bridge. Acromag is focused on developing embedded computing solutions that provide the best long term value in the industry.

Product link: www.acromag.com/catalog/1096/embedded-processors/vme-products/ vme-sbc/intel-celeron-cpu/xvme-6700?utm_source=cots-journal&utm_medium=prod uctgallery&campaign=xvme6700

Acromag, Inc. Phone: (877) 295-7084 Email: solutions@acromag.com Web: www.acromag.com

3U OpenVPX ARM Cortex A9 SBC - 68ARM1 The 3U VPX ARM Cortex A9-based, Single Board Computer (SBC) can be configured with up to three intelligent function modules. Ideally suited for rugged defense, industrial, and commercial applications, the 68ARM1 delivers off-the-shelf solutions that accelerate deployment of SWaP-optimized systems.

• OpenVPX Profile: SLT3-PAY-4U2T-14.2.x • Data plane: 4 x1 PCIe • Control plane: 2x 10/100/1000Base-T, or 2x 1000Base–KX • ARM Cortex™-A9 Dual Core 800MHz Processor • 40+ modules to choose from • Wind River® VxWorks® and Xilinx® PetaLinux OS support • Continuous Background Built-in-Test (BIT) • COSATM Architecture Product link: www.naii.com/3U-OpenVPX-ARM-Cortex-A9-SBC/P307

North Atlantic Industries, Inc. Phone: (631) 567-1100 Web: www.naii.com

Hit a Bullseye Every Time with Just a Couple Clicks. 5th Gen. Intel Core i7 SBC’s Aitech has integrated the latest Intel 5th Generation technology into 3U VPX and 6U VME single board computers. The new C164 features quad-core processing up to 2.6 GHz and 6 MB of last level cache. The rugged C875 delivers speeds of up to 2.6 GHz, while withstanding extreme temperatures, shock and vibration. The HD 5600 Graphics integrated into the Core i7 CPU combines with a Lynx Point QM87 I/O Platform Controller Hub (PCH) chipset to maximize data throughput.

C164 Technical Features

• Trusted Platform Module (TPM) data encryption option • Dual BIOS Flash devices support primary and alternate BIOS backup • Up to 128 GB on-board Flash; 8 GB DDR3L with ECC, • Versatile I/O • WWDT, ERTR, temperature sensors for on-board monitoring (TPM optional) C874 Technical Features

• Rugged 3U VPX SBC meets OpenVPX specifications (VITA 65) • Robust I/O profiles for flexible configuration and expansion • Large memory arrays: 16 GB DDR3L SDRAM; 544 GB SATA Flash on-board Aitech Defense Systems, Inc. Phone: (888) 248-3248 Email: sales@rugged.com Web: www.rugged.com

46

COTS Journal | May 2016

Intelligent Systems Source (ISS) provides a user friendly and accurate means for Intelligent Technology products to be searched, compared, and purchased.

• See Instructional Videos • Shop Boards Online • Read Articles & More • Request a Quote ISS brings confidence to decision making by indexing a compendium of solutions through an advanced search tool with the most nuanced features of importance. Once the desired product is selected the user has the ability to purchase on-line with our “buy-it-now” capability.

intelligentsystemssource.com


COTS PRODUCTS

Ruggedized Smart Power Control Provides 28V, 200A, and 8-Channels Data Device Corp. (DDC) offers its 8-Channel, Solid-State Power Controller (SSPC) in a ruggedized military-grade form factor, offering advanced programmability and high-power density in a compact, highly reliable package. In addition to improved reliability and smart power control, the 8-Channel SSPC Power Distribution Unit (RP-20S19XXX) provides significant Size, Weight, Power and Cost (SWaP-C) savings. These compact, high density 8-channel PDUs enable a 7X power-to-volume and 5X power-to-weight savings, compared with larger enclosed mechanical alternatives, enabling reduced space consumption and fuel costs, while extending mission range. Additional SWaP-C savings are realized through a 70 percent reduction in power dissipation, along with energy savings through intelligent load shedding and prioritization. Inventory costs can be saved, as these PDUs can be programmed to support multiple platforms and varying mission requirements. DDC’s SSPCs enable network control, programmability, and autonomous operation—simplifying vehicle control and freeing crew members’ time, so they can concentrate on mission critical tasks. They also provide channel paralleling, controlled rise/fall times, and I2t trip protection, to deliver high precision load protection and flexible power distribution. DDC’s SSPCs also offer flexible control options, including CANbus interface, and a range of discrete control interfaces. These high power PDUs allow each channel to be individually programmed within a 10:1 current range, from 2.5 to 25 Amps. Data Device Corp., Bohemia, NY (631) 567-5600. www.ddc-web.com

LCR Embedded System’s complete line of integrated rugged industrial and military systems, from off-the-shelf to fully customized, are ideal for all aspects of mission-critical computing. To learn more about what we can do for you and your application, contact us today. Our integrated systems feature VME, VPX, ATCA and CompactPCI architectures For chassis, backplanes and integrated systems, LCR Electronics is now LCR Embedded Systems.

(800) 747-5972 e-mail sales@lcrembedded.com www.lcrembeddedsystems.com

COTS Journal | May 2016

47


COTS

ADVERTISERS INDEX GET CONNECTED WITH INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS SOURCE AND PURCHASABLE SOLUTIONS NOW Intelligent Systems Source is a new resource that gives you the power to compare, review and even purchase embedded computing products intelligently. To help you research SBCs, SOMs, COMs, Systems, or I/O boards, the Intelligent Systems Source website provides products, articles, and whitepapers from industry leading manufacturers---and it's even connected to the top 5 distributors. Go to Intelligent Systems Source now so you can start to locate, compare, and purchase the correct product for your needs.

Index

intelligentsystemssource.com

Company Page# Website

Company Page# Website

Acromag..............................................37........................... www.acromag.com

Pelican.............................................22, 35...........................www.pelican.com

AIM......................................................26........................ www.aim-online.com

Pentek.................................................52.............................. www.pentek.com

ASEG...................................................12................................. www.aseg.com

Phoenix International..........................19........................... www.phenxint.com

Cemtrol................................................5.............................. www.cemtrol.com

Pico Electronics, Inc.........................13, 45.............. www.picoelectronics.com

Chassis Plans......................................38................... www.chassis-plans.com

Pixus Technologies..............................40.............www.pixustechnologies.com

Intelligent Systems Source...............23, 46....www.intelligentsystemssource.com

Star Communications Inc....................14......................www.starcommva.com

LCR Embedded Systems, INC..............47........ www.lcrembeddedsystems.com

Sundance............................................36.................................. sundance.com

Mercury Systems, Inc. .........................2.................................. www.mrcy.com

SynQor..................................................7................................www.synqor.com

Middle Canyon..................................27, 39................. www.middlecanyon.com

Systel Rugged Computers...................34.......................... www.systelusa.com

North Atlantic Industries..................15, 17................................ www.naii.com

TE Connectivity...................................42......................................www.te.com

Novasom Industries..............................4............ www.novasomindustries.com

TQ-Systems.........................................49...............www.embeddedmodule.net

One Stop Systems, Inc. ....................18, 51..................... onestopsystems.com

COTS Product Gallery..........................46.........................................................

COTS Journal (ISSN#1526-4653) is published monthly at 905 Calle Amanecer, Suite 150, San Clemente, CA 92673. Periodicals Class postage paid at San Clemente and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to COTS Journal, 905 Calle Amanecer, Ste. 150, San Clemente, CA 92673.

COMING NEXT MONTH Special Feature: Connecting the Dots with 1553, Ethernet & More

System Development: Open Standards for Airborne Systems

Tech Recon Jeff’s Picks: Jeff Child’s Top Power Conversion Solutions

Data Sheet: PC/104 and PC/104 Family Boards

Tried and true I/O schemes such as MIL-STD-1553 and ARINC 429 remain popular for pure control applications, but they’re bandwidth-limited by today’s standards. A slew of multipurpose communications protocols provide options to suit emerging needs, and Ethernet is a top contender among them. Articles in this section compare today’s crop of I/O schemes relevant to avionics and other military users.

In 2016 our Tech Recon feature will directly leverage Jeff’s decades of experience covering the embedded computing and defense market. He will choose the top products in a different category each month and share his insights on why they’re significant in terms of design innovation, market relevance and technology leadership. June’s section looks at the technology and products in the power conversion and power supply categories.

48

COTS Journal | May 2016

Open architecture approaches have really taken off in the past year in the military and airborne platforms are no exception. System standards like FACE and computing architectures like OpenVPX are finding acceptance among airborne programs. The reduction of costs and complexity of the open approach are just too attractive to ignore. This section updates readers on the standards and solutions that serve today’s open architecture airborne platforms. PC/104 has become entrenched as a popular military form factor thanks to its compact size and inherent ruggedness. Sweetening the deal, a number of special enclosure techniques are used to outfit PC/104 for extremely harsh environments. This Data Sheet section updates readers on these trends, along with a look at the new PC/104 follow-ons: EPIC, PCI-104, PCI/104-Express and PCIe/104. Also provided is a product album of representative boards.


When the going gets tough... TQ embedded modules are built for the most demanding tasks and conditions. ■ Low power consumption ■ Access to all CPU pins ■ Rugged Tyco connectors ■ Long-term availability–we’re

there when you need us. ■ Extended temperature -40C to +85C. ■ Full Linux environment ■ Optional conformal coating ■ Compact size ■ Embedded Modules available for: NXP (Freescale) & TI ARM® NXP (Freescale) QorIQ™ Intel® x86

To order a Starter Kit or for more information, call (508) 209-0294, or visit:


COTS Journal’s

MARCHING TO THE NUMBERS 20MM

109.7 MILLION

$

Size of gun that’s part of Raytheon’s SeaRAM anti-ship missile defense system. The Navy completed a series of test shots using SeaRAM antiship missile defense system, taking out several targets in a variety of scenarios that mimic today’s most advanced threats to naval ships. The series of two shots included one in which two supersonic missiles were inbound simultaneously, flying in complex, evasive maneuvers. In both flights, SeaRAM detected, tracked and engaged the threats, and fired Rolling Airframe Missile Block 2 guided missiles which successfully intercepted the targets.

780

The number of GATR terminals that the U.S. Army’s Transportable Tactical Command Communications (T2C2) program will field if the government exercises all full rate production purchase orders. GATR Technologies (GATR), a subsidiary of Cubic, was awarded an engineering services order valued in excess of $5 million to support the T2C2 program. In addition to the services award, GATR delivered the initial ten inflatable satellite antenna terminals to the Project Manager Warfighter Information Network–Tactical (PM WIN-T) in support of the T2C2 program for more than $3.2 million.

3,500 gallons

Capacity of Coulson Aviation’s retardant aerial delivery systems (RADS). The company has been awarded a contract by the United States Air Force to design, manufacture, and install up to seven 3500 US Gallon in HC-130 H model aircraft. Coulson first developed and installed the RADS in 2012 to equip their own C-130H/Q for aerial fire suppression. It currently holds a contract with the United States Forest Service. The system is the first in the industry to employ technology to not only aid and reduce the workload of the pilots, but to produce a superior drop pattern on the ground. 50

COTS Journal | May 2016

Value of contract modification the U.S. Army has awarded BAE Systems to convert 36 M88A1 recovery vehicles to the M88A2 Heavy Equipment Recovery Combat Utility Lift Evacuation Systems (HERCULES) configuration. The conversions allow the M88A2s to recover the Army’s heaviest vehicles, such as tanks, without the assistance of another vehicle. The HERCULES, which provides recovery support to soldiers in the field, is the only vehicle able to recover the M1 Abrams tank and all of the vehicles required to maneuver with the Armored Brigade Combat Team in a combat environment.

$

5 Million

Value of contract the Air Force awarded Lockheed Martin this month for Phase 1 of the procurement of future GPS III satellites. Lockheed Martin will demonstrate the value of its flexible GPS III design over the next 26 months, as part of the Air Force’s GPS III Space Vehicles 11+ Production Readiness Feasibility Assessment. Designed with evolution in mind, Lockheed Martin’s GPS III satellites for the Air Force’s next acquisition will be able to offer on-orbit re-programmability so they can be upgraded in space to add new signals or missions, a first for the GPS constellation.


Capture. Record. Real-Time. Every Time. Intelligently record wideband signals continuously...for hours Capturing critical SIGINT, radar and communications signals requires hardware highly-optimized for precision and performance. Our COTS Talon® recording systems deliver the industry’s highest levels of performance, even in the harshest environments. You’ll get extended operation, high dynamic range and exceptional recording speed every time! •

High-speed, real-time recording: Sustained data capture rates to 8 GB/sec

Extended capture periods: Record real-time for hours or days with storage up to 100+ TB

Exceptional signal quality: Maintain highest dynamic range for critical signals

Flexible I/O: Capture both analog and digital signals

Operational in any environment: Lab, rugged, flight-certified, portable and SFF systems designed for SWaP

Out-of-the-box operation: SystemFlow® GUI, signal analyzer and API provide simple instrument interfaces

Intelligent recording: Sentinel Intelligent Scan and Capture software automatically detects and records signals of interest ™

Eight SSD QuickPac™ canister, removable in seconds!

Download the FREE High-Speed Recording Systems Handbook at: www.pentek.com/go/cotstalon or call 201-818-5900 for additional information.

Pentek, Inc., One Park Way, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458 Phone: 201-818-5900 • Fax: 201-818-5904 • email: info@pentek.com • www.pentek.com Worldwide Distribution & Support, Copyright © 2016 Pentek, Inc. Pentek, Talon, SystemFlow, Sentinel and QuickPac are trademarks of Pentek, Inc. Other trademarks are properties of their respective owners.

COTS Journal  

May 2016

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you