The Institute for Gender and the Economy 2019 Annual Report

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The Mission The Institute for Gender and the Economy (GATE) is using rigorous research to change the conversation on gender equality.

Our Work At GATE, we are changing the conversation on gender equality by: Instigating academic research Mythbusting tired ideas Inspiring disruptive change

"Nobody is outside of this problem. We all experience it, and we all participate in it." Lee Airton, assistant professor at Queen's University and author of Gender: Your Guide: A Gender-Friendly Primer on What to Know, What to Say, and What to Do in the New Gender Culture.

Our Four Pillars Creating New Insights Shaping Practice Training Leaders Building Community

Rotman student clubs, WIMA and WiMen, cohosted a design sprint with Deloitte and GATE to rethink the “everyday man.”

2019 In Review

Creating New Insights convened leading research scholars

7 grants for a total of $52,500

Strength in numbers: How gender group composition influences knowledge contribution Cultural beliefs about gender affect how individuals behave within organizations. Using a behavioural approach, Daphné Baldassari will consider how gender group composition may help increase women's willingness to contribute ideas and thus improve team performance.

2019 Grant Recipients Effects of media outlet on gender and social biases in artificial intelligence (Spike Lee & Yang Xu) Gender differences in response to competition in the workplace: Evidence from a natural experiment (Shannon Liu & Hugh Wu) Does marriage matter?: Understanding the impact of same-sex marriage on the gender pay gap (Julie Moreau & Avni Shah) She said “me, too,” he said “not me:” Situational ambiguity and sexual harassment (Rachel Ruttan & Katrina Fincher) Developing helpful habits: Designing dynamic interventions to promote financial inclusion among women and people of colour (Avni Shah, Joseph Williams, Cendri Hutcherson & Matthew Osborne) A closer look or a cursory glance? Systematic search bias in statistical discrimination (András Tilcsik)

Research has shown that heterosexual married men earn nearly 11% more per hour than unmarried men. This “marriage premium” does not appear for women. But what about samesex marriage? Using data collected from the 2016 and 2020 Collaborative Multi-Racial PostElection Survey (CMPS), Julie Moreau & Avni Shah will apply an intersectional lens to uncover if the marriage premium operates for LGBTQ people.

Creating New Insights

Strength in numbers: How gender group composition influences knowledge contribution (Daphné Baldassari)

Does marriage matter?: Understanding the impact of samesex marriage on the gender pay gap

Creating New Insights convened leading research scholars

roundtable 1 research with 38 participants

Miguel M. Unzueta, senior associate dean of MBA Programs and professor of management and organizations at the UCLA Anderson School of Management, delivers his keynote on: “Defining Diversity: How Contemporary Diversity Rhetoric Might Be Undermining Equity” at our 4th Annual Research Roundtable.

Featured Debate: Anti-sexual Harassment Training: Does it Work?

Read about the pros and cons here:

Creating New Insights

A 2017 Canadian study revealed that 64% of women and 53% of men believe that sexual harassment happens at their workplace. Organizations face a legal, moral, and business imperative to prevent sexual harassment of their employees. Considering the popularity of training, it remains important to question its impacts. Are anti-sexual harassment training programs useful and effective tools for reducing sexual harassment at work?

Shaping Practice changed the conversation New in 2019:

17 Research Briefs 4 Policy Briefs 1 Article for Practitioners 3 Explainers 24 Videos 14 Event Recaps Stay tuned for our major report on trans inclusion practices in corporate Canada (joint with Pride at Work)!

Our popular "Explainer" series tackles hotly debated topics using our curated selection of research briefs, videos, and articles. Visit our explainers at:

Shaping Practice

Sarah Kaplan, director of GATE (left), and Dr. Jen Gunter (right), at a fireside chat on Vagina Profiteers: The Economics of the Wellness Industrial Complex, on October 29, 2019.

Shaping Practice informed government policy We hosted the Symposium on Women and the Workplace in May 2019. The two-day event invited 240 Canadian leaders and champions of workplace gender equality and diversity to share best practices to inspire and to advance women’s participation in the workplace.

(Left) Minister Patty Hajdu kicks off the Symposium on Women and the Workplace with her opening statement. (Right) Sarah Kaplan delivers her keynote on: "Evidence on workplace gender equality." Watch Sarah's full keynote at:

Policy Briefs

How gender identity and expression protections support employees

Towards a more equitable gig economy

Diversity and inclusion in small and medium enterprises (SME’s)

Considering women are at greater risk of facing financial insecurity in old age, what are some solutions to reduce the gender investing gap?

How do gender identity and expression protections support transgender and gender-nonconforming people in the workplace?

How should companies, governments, worker cooperatives, and researchers work to ensure the safety and rights of gig workers?

What is known about diversity and inclusion in SME's in the Canadian context and what could be done going forward?

Read our latest policy briefs at:

Shaping Practice

Women, investing and retirement

ACHIEVING IMPACT: Shaping Practice

CHANGEDthe THEconversation CONVERSATION changed

55 tv, radio, and print media interviews in 39 outlets

Reducing Gender Bias in Performance Reviews

The upside is that we are not powerless when it comes to gender inequality. It’s difficult to overcome our individual biases, but once we recognize that biases are also built into our evaluation systems, we can change those systems." András Tilcsik, GATE faculty research fellow in the Harvard Business Review, April 2019.

Shaping Practice

“Numeric performance ratings are everywhere, and in an era obsessed with data and metrics, we often act as if our tools for measurement and evaluation were neutral instruments. They are not. Even factors as seemingly small as the number of categories on a rating scale can have a significant effect on inequality.

Shaping Practice changed the conversation

14 panels, lectures, and events with over 2,000 attendees

Avni Shah, assistant professor of marketing, Rotman School of Management, speaking at the "Women and investing: Cuttingedge research insights from 3 Rotman professors" event.

Selected 2019 Events Vagina Profiteers: The Economics of the Wellness Industrial Complex

Soraya Chemaly, director of the Women’s Media Center Speech Project and award-winning writer

Cribsheet: A Data-Driven Guide to Better, More Relaxed Parenting Emily Oster, professor of economics at Brown University and author

What Could a Feminist City Look Like? Kofi Hope (Wellesley Institute), Olivia Nuamah (Pride Toronto), Rosemarie Powell (Toronto Community Benefits Network) and Brigitte Shim (University of Toronto)

See upcoming events and recaps at:

Gender: Your Guide Lee Airton, assistant professor at Queen's University and author

Shaping Practice

Dr. Jen Gunter, New York Times columnist, author, and gynecologist

Rage Becomes Her: The Power of Women’s Anger

Training Leaders

inspired inspirednew newways ways of of thinking thinking

5 MBA students appointed as GATE Student Fellows

Pablo Nazé

Examining how white privilege arises in corporate law practices.

Studying best practices to reduce gender bias in artificial intelligence/ machine learning.

Chinedum Nwaogwugwu Evaluating the portrayal of successful, powerful, or ambitious women in Nigerian film.

Kristina Roderos

Asli Zayim

Shining a spotlight on what drives LGBTQ+ professionals to succeed in business, law or community service.

Analyzing women's representation in mid and senior management levels in the technology industry.

Training Leaders

Robert Nanni

Training Leaders inspired new ways of thinking

Taught the Designing for Equality course 24 MBA students 21 Commerce students

Commerce students and course participants, Anastasia Zakharova, Yasmin Marjaee, and Advika Shukla, present their group's work.

Investigated solutions in the field

Are quotas a hiring tool that organizations should use to increase gender parity?

Using cutting-edge business design methods, students developed a factbased understanding of issues that are often oversimplified and misunderstood.

What will it really take to close the gender wage gap? What role do organizations play in challenging gender inequalities? How might we improve access to mental health care services for immigrant women?

Students worked with each other, Executive-in-Residence Vanessa Serra Iarocci, Alumna-in-Residence Nika Stelman, and industry leaders to complete a series of assignments to ‘reframe problems’ and design solutions.

Prototyped and tested new ideas Students used Rotman's business design methods to tackle real-world problems related to helping women at different life stages save and invest for their future.

Our new Gender Analytics mini-course launches in 2020! Learn more at:

Training Leaders

Asked controversial questions

Training Leaders inspired new ways of thinking

Hosted 1 diversity and inclusion design sprint with over 45 students

The design of everyday men: A design sprint co-hosted by WIMA and WiMen Based on the Deloitte report, "The Design of Everyday Men," 14 teams proposed solutions for the following problem statement: How might organizations enable and reinforce men to bring their whole selves to work?

Team 8 (Yi Shi, Asli Zayim, Tanya Adityan, and Kyle Christian) proposed a digital, integrative platform that would encourage men to bring their full selves to work by giving them a place to share personal photos and stories, as well as participate in team reward initiatives (e.g., a fundraising challenge on Mother’s Day). See more from this design sprint at:

Training Leaders

Winning idea: #ShowMEn platform

Building Community gained partnerships Industry Partners to co-create insights

Industry partners are a select group of organizations that are front-runners in creating, leading, and managing change.

Power Circle to disrupt norms

Molline Green (MBA '98) Jonathan A. Lister (B.A. '94, MBA '00) Kevin A. Lobo (MBA '95) Kerrie MacPherson (B.Comm '86, MBA '91) Anita McGahan (George E. Connell Chair in Organizations & Society) Barry McInerney (B.Comm '85, MBA '87) Rose McInerney (B.A. '86, B.Ed 88) Hilary Partner (MBA ’18)

Building Community

Power Circle members pledge $25,000 or more to support GATE in making disruptive change to promote gender equality.

Building Community gained partnerships Individual Sponsors to embrace change

Individual supporters are passionate about creating, leading, and managing change.

Sarah Albo (MBA ’18) Hugh Arnold Heather Campbell (MBA ’19) Anna Y. Chau (MBA ’17) Jillian Chown (MBA ’06, PhD ’16) Lawrence D. Franklin Delee Fromm Verónica Hernandez Herrera (MBA ’19) Farah Huq Vanessa Serra Iarocci Celeste Jalbert (MBA ’17)

Sarah Kaplan Dolores Keating-Mallen Bonnie Lam Jennifer Lancaster Ruth Mandel - WHO GIVES Fund Mary E. McCutcheon Pablo L. Nazé (MBA '20) Mihee Park (MBA ’12) Narjis Premjee (MBA ’19) Sydney B. Raeburn-Power Adil Sethi (MBA ’19)

Camille Simardone (BCOMM ’14) Marilyn Spink Myha Truong-Regan Helen Vavougios (MBA ’16) Chelsea Wagner Stephanie Watsa (MBA ’12) Rosemary Williamson (MBA ’20) Stacy Zosky Anonymous

What Your Support Means to Us: We can’t do anything without you

Our startup funds are tapering off. In 2020 we will be working to develop a sustainable funding strategy for GATE's future

Every contribution matters

You can sponsor our student fellowships, policy briefs, digital storytelling, faculty fellowships, research grants and more!

If you (or your organization!) are interested in making a large or small gift, please contact See more at:

Building Community

Building Community grew our networks Academic Partners to advance research

With our Academic Partnerships, we will continue to advance rigourous research.

Digital Engagement

LinkedIn followers

+326% Twitter followers +152% YouTube subscribers +209% Website visits +72%

Newsletter subscriptions

Building Community

In 2019, our digital community skyrocketed! (Stay tuned for our Instagram feed in 2020.)


Who We Are "We really need to think about something much bolder: quotas or major transformational changes within organizations, because that’s the only way we are going to be able to get movement." Sarah Kaplan on Fresh Air, CBC radio one, discussing whether we will see gender equality in our lifetimes.

Sarah Kaplan

Alyson Colón

Carmina Ravanera

Omid Razavi


Associate Director

Research Associate

Digital Communications Officer

Nouman Ashraf

Kim de Laat

Maja Djikic

Bretton Fosbrook

Rachael Goodman

Chanel Grenaway

Joyce He

Fauzia Husain

Vanessa Serra Iarocci

Sonia K. Kang

Bonnie Lam

Lechin Lu

Executive-in-Residence; Instructor

Faculty Research Fellow

Interim Associate Director

Project Lead Gender Analytics

Dionne Pohler

Heather Sarsons

Nika Stelman

Faculty Teaching Fellow

Postdoctoral Fellow (2017-2020)

PhD Research Fellow

Postdoctoral Fellow (2019-2021)

Kira Lussier

Amanda Menking

Postdoctoral Fellow (2019-2020)

Postdoctoral Fellow (2019-2020)

Faculty Teaching Fellow

Faculty Research Fellow

Postdoctoral Fellow (2018-2019)

Postdoctoral Fellow (2018-2019)

Postdoctoral Fellow (2017-2019)

Alumna-in-Residence; Instructor

Advisor; Instructor

András Tilcsik

Faculty Research Fellow

Join the conversation Follow us on Twitter @GenderEconomy

Report designed by Omid Razavi

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Photo Credits Jeffrey Beardall, Eugene Grichko, Victoria Heath, Yana Kaz, Omid Razavi, and Hannah Rosen

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