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Architecture portfolio Romane Negre 2017 - Master 2 - South Metropolis National architecture school of montpellier


Table of contents

Curriculum Vitae

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Large scale

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>> Urban plans >> Landscape

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Medium scale

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>> Collective housing >> Hybrid program

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Small scale

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>> Individual housing >> Ephemeral architectures

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Master’s thesis

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Road book

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Curriculum vitae Romane Negre Nationality : French Birthday : 1993/12/20 Mobile phone : +336 38 70 27 02 E.mail : romane.negre@orange.fr

Education 2016/2017 - ENSAM (National Architecture School of Montpellier, France), Second year of Master’s degree 2015/2016 - Researcher in Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan) 2011/2015 - ENSAM (National Architecture School of Montpellier, France), bachelor’s degree 2011 - High school diploma in sciences with a speciality in physics and chemistry (Distincion)

Architectural experiences February 2015 - Internship with architect François Fontes in Montpellier, France Responsabilities : - Work on a contest participation with a team of architects and graphic designers - Conception and design of furnishings for AMETIS showroom September 2012 to January 2013 - Internship with architect Alain Finet in Espalion, France Responsabilities : - Contributed ideas for the conception of many projects - Editing photos and pictures in order to show projects to clients - Realisation of a building permit - Supervision of a construction site with technical inspections 4


Additional experiences 2013/2015 summer seasons - Train controller (French National Railway Company), Toulouse, France Responsabilities : - Safety and security tasks - Verrifications of train equipments before the departure - Ticket sale for passenger 2012 summer season - Bank employee in «Crédit Agricole» in Lioujas, France Responsabilities : - Sorting the mail - Processed clients folders 2010 and 2011 summer seasons - Farm work and cleaning work Responsabilities : - Work on corn cultivations - Cleaning medical offices

Skills Languages: French English Japanese German IT skills : Vectorworks Sketchup Photoshop Indesign Allplan Artlantis Premiere Pro Autocad

Referees oooooo ooooo o o

Mr Alain Finet Architect +336 88 88 05 44 finet-alain@wanadoo.fr

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Fontès Architecture Architect +334 99 13 33 70 direction@f-fontes.fr Mr Ludovic Turcan Manager of the French National Railway Company ludovic.turcan@sncf.fr 5


Urban plan Urban walks This project is the first practical experiment which supplements my Master’s thesis. The exercice was to create a smart campus in the south part of Montpellier, France. Here, the aim is to focus on the urban walks in order to design a quarter that suits to people. The purpose is to contrast with the wide avenues that are designed in metropolis nowadays. According to it, the walkable an winding streets are aiming to provide a human scale to this project. Location : Montpellier, France ENSAM - Fall 2016 - Design studio S9 Under the leadership of Elodie NOURRIGAT and Jacques BRION

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About project Located in Port Marianne, one of the newest quarter of Montpellier, the project has to consider the current issues of a mediterranean city. The idea is to promote the relationships overseas by creating a smart campus for environmental research. Last but not least, this project is aiming to generate ties and cooperation on the scale of the city. The program has 3 main points which are the education (university of foreign relations), the research (research laboratories and startups working on environmental issues) and the culture (museums and libraries about Latin culture). The basis of the urban strategy is to design dynamic pathways that generate the built-up space. Therefore, citizens’ walks are the core of this framework. Then, architecture serves the outdoor spaces because of a huge consideration for ground floors which provide squares or shops for a lively environment.

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Research laboratories, workshops, residency for researchers and artists Incubator for startups Museum, workshops, conference space University of foreign relations

Offices, accomodations

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Plan

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BB’ section

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Urban plan Rurban plan The main purpose of this project is to experiment an alternate lifestyle by linking urban and rural. The project is located in Sendai, on an empty area at a walkable distance from the new Arai station, near from the coastal area. This urban plan is the practical application of researches about the functions that human beings need for a sustainable lifestyle. These functions are hosted in 4 main zones linked by an urban line crossing the agricultural fields. Location : Sendai, Japan Tohoku University - 2015/2016 - Research Under the leadership of Toshikazu ISHIDA

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Master plan 16


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About project Nowadays, most people are far from what they eat. If we want to provide a reflection an awarness in environmental issues, we should bring together urban areas and rural areas. The concept of this project is to increase relationships between producers and consummers and to bridge economical circuits. Before the great earthquake, the building typology of Wakabayashi was individual houses. It means that people didn’t live together and each house had a kind of identity. In this project, common housing is use to increase neighborhood ties. Although, in order to keep the identity of each household, the steel structure allows people to chose the size and the materiality of their houses. In order to promote clean energies using, solar panels are placed on the South/East, South and South/West roofs offering a self-sufficiency for electricity. Because of the educational farm and the shared garden, people work together to meet their own needs. Therefore, we create ties, cooperation and awareness in environmental issues.

Ground floor plan 18


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Section

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Landscape Sendai’s Coastal area After the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku, architects have to deal with the risk of another disaster. Creating a project on Sendai’s coastal area means providing a protective layout along the seaside. The aim of this research project was to combine both the safety and the social issues. According to this idea, the concept is to design a safe, attractive and enjoyable area by using landscapes design. Here, the safety is provided by a ground modification and a forest belt covering the entire area and creating more friction forces in case of a tsunami. Eventually, people can enjoy all the activities providing by this new landscape. Location : Sendai, Japan Tohoku University - 2015/2016 - Research Under the leadership of Toshikazu ISHIDA

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About project Since the terrible earthquake which hit Japan in 2011, Sendai coastal area became a no-building zone. However, in order to recreate links between the sea and inhabitants of the area, architects can still work on landscape projects. This project is a 1km long promenade throw the forest belt. Shuttle bus could bring people until the car park then everything is a pedestrian an bike walkway. The first idea was to design a safe long line toward the sea which can be used as an emergency road in case of another disaster. Then, the concept was to find a way to increase attractiveness of this simple pathway. It is the reason why many functions have been added all along the promenade. Thus, people can enjoy stages for concert, playgrounds for children or sport facilities. Each of these equipments is reachable from smaller routes which are all connected to the main walkway.

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Master plan

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Plan of the stages

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Collective housing Final year undergraduate project The purpose is to design twenty accommodations and a public equipment not necessary reserved for inhabitants. The main issues to be tackled were how to live together, how to share spaces for the benefits of community and how to respect a preserved green area in order to imagine a building as integrated in its environment as possible. Location : Route de Mende near Montpellier, France ENSAM - Spring 2015 - Design studio S6 Under the leadership of Pascal PERRIS and Orianne CHAMPAVIER

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South elevation


About project What is a real challenge in this exercice is to reconcile dialectically opposed notions. The site is an unspoilt green bower and it is designed to receive an urban project. Public and private spaces have to be linked in order to create a public equipment and private accommodations. Therefore, the general thrust of the project is to generate a subtle graduation of spaces.

A

Natural slope of the site is reshaped to create two main levels with a diference in elevation of 3m. This is a first separation between private space as accomodations on the first level and public space as the library on the highest level. The building takes place along the preserved park and hides it from view. A hole in the facade frames the landscape and inhabitants only discover the wide green area when they enter the project. In this way, the building becomes a link between urban space in the south and unspoilt green oasis in the north. Inside each apartment, the graduation of privacy is still present. Entrance areas are treated as in-between spaces in order to maintain a distance from outdoor. However, because of throughopenings, a link is preserved with the landscape, especially with the park. 34


A’

Ground floor plan 35


Building area

No-building zone 36


Sketchies of site before project 37


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T4 T3

T3

T5

T2

T2

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A’

Common floor plan 39


AA’ section


Materiality The supporting structure is made of parallel concrete shells which also constitue the separation between all adjacent appartments. The facade is coated with slate cladding which ofers a completely smooth monolithic look to the building. About the roof and the guardrails, they are coated with zinc.

41 Detailed structure


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Hybrid Program Public building in Bilbao The aim of the project is to design an attractive public building in Bilbao, Spain. The public outdoor space and the hybrid program are the main reasons why this architecture can be used by every citizen. The concept was to generate a lively space that is able, somehow, to become a landmark in the city. Bilbao recovered its attractivity beacause of ramarkable architectures. This project’s goal is to take part in this unusual urban context. Location : Bilbao, Spain ENSAM - Fall 2015 - Design studio S5 Under the leadership of Jacques BRION

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South/East elevation

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Master plan

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Upper ground floor plan

Lower ground floor plan

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About project The program of this project is a hybrid one. The building should host an information office, a restaurant, an exhibition gallery, an ERASMUS center, a youth hostel and an artists residency. The project takes place along the Nervion river. The site has two main levels whith a diference in elevation of 6m that is taken in consideration in the design process. There is a promenade on the lower level which leads pedestrians towards the exhibition galery. The upper part of the building is devided in two elements separated by a hole providing a view on the old railway station’s facade behind. The steel and glass triangular panels that create the facade are aiming to provide interesting reflections with the water.

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BB’ section

CC’ section

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Individual housing Enclosure The project is designed for a sculptor living alone who needs a work space. The site is an enclosure which requires to play with zenithal light. The purpose of this project is to envisage the act of living as a promenade. As the visitor progresses in the enclosure, the winded walls, creating a tactile continuity, lead him further into the inhabitant privacy. Openings punctuate the roof and provide various atmospheres. White coatings on the floor and the ceiling increase light reverberation. The promenade is performed by the movement through the defined spaces and the stimulation of senses. Location : Montpellier, France ENSAM - Spring 2014 - Design studio S4 Under the leadership of Dominique Delord

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About location The site is an enclosure. It means that the limits are made of four walls that we can’t destroy. It is why the issue of the light is a very important one. The only solution is to use zenithal light which is unusual but also a good way to generate interesting atmospheres inside the house.

Master plan 54


Living room Privacy = •• Master bedroom Privacy = •••

Working area Privacy = •

Concept The project is a reflection on privacy. Only one wall is winding to form a protective nest, hosting the most private rooms of the house. The winded wall create various open areas and their fonctions are defined by their size and their location on the promenade. The roof openings also give their fonctions to the spaces. They are more and wider for no-private areas while they are less and thiner for private spaces. 55


Materiality The materiality has been chosen in order to emphasize the feeling of a promenade towards inhabitant privacy. The walls are coated with a vertically wooden cladding which provide a tactile continuity all along the pathway. Regarding the ceilling and the floor, a white coating is used to increase the atmosphere caused by zenithal light.

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Ephemeral architecture Exhibition hall As designed to host an exhibition in honor of compositor Frederic Chopin, the hall has been conceived to contain a grand piano. A serie of steel porticos coated with zinc gives a rythm to the facade. The height of the structure gradually increase in order to form a widening by the stage and a contrast with respect of the symmetry of the site. Location : Jardin des plantes, Montpellier, France ENSAM - Spring 2013 - Design studio S2 Under the leadership of Romain JAMOT and JĂŠrĂ´me LAFOND

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Plan 60


About location Jardin des plantes of Montpellier is a botanical garden created in 1593. It is a part of Montpellier Medical University’s heritage and it is the oldest botanical garden in France. Nowadays, the garden is frequented by botanists, doctors, pharmacists, students and other visitors interested in nature.

The project takes place in the southeast corner of this 4,6 hectare garden, on the highest point of the park providing a pleasant view on the landsape. The site is designed symmetrically around a quite large fountain and one of the main aims of the project is to contrast with this symmetry.

South/East elevation 61


About Project The exercice is to chose an intersting location in «Jardin des plantes» and imagine a 25 square meters exhibition hall in honor of a desired artist (Frederic Chopin in this case). The main concern is to create a progression inside the hall. To this end, fine structural porticos, which brings to mind piano keys, grow up offering different roof heights. This progression clarify the visitor’s tour and it is also a way to contrast with the site’s symmetry while respecting it. As Paris is the city in which Frederic Chopin composed most of his best works, zinc coated is used in order to bring the image of Paris roofs. The hall, verry opening, should be consider as a promenade inside the Frederic Chopin’s workshop.

Floor detail

Section AA’ 62


Roof detail

Section BB’ 63


Ephemeral architecture Topography, limit, passage The purpose of the project is to presume a distortion of the ground in order to generate situations. A topography made of triangular modules and providing seats is developed in order to create a limitation along the existing traffic. The modules made of a lightweight wooden structure gradually grow up to create a sheltered passage for pedestrians. Location : Tour des Pins, Montpellier, France ENSAM - Spring 2013 - Design studio S2 Under the leadership of Romain JAMOT and JĂŠrĂ´me LAFOND

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About project The exercice is to imagine a lightweight and ephemeral installation which is able to provide multiple purposes for users. It is a three-stages reflection. The first stape is to generate a movement growing directly from the ground. By using a simple triangular module and repeating it, a topography is created. People can play on these ground deformations, walk on it or just have a seat, leaning against a module and stay there to enjoy the park.

About location The park of «la Tour des pins» takes place along «Boulevard Henri IV», in front of the famous botanical garden of Montpellier (France). Its name stems from the old tower located in the park which is a part of ancient ramparts of the city. It is classified Histocic Monument.

The second stape is an evolution of the creating shape in order to create a limit. Modules grow up gradually along pedestrian traffic, separating it from the grass area. As the using structure is triangular, the limit is not absolutly nontransparent and people can look at the other side of it.

Ground of the park gradually slopes downwards. From «Boulevard Henri IV» to «Rue du Cardinal de Cabrières» it drops 5 metres. It’s a green area with a promenade inside reserved for pedestrians.

In the final stape, a perforation of the bigger modules allowed users to cross them as a sheltered passage. The wooden structure is striated in order to allow in daylight and fresh air.

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Master plan 67


Plan 68


South/East elevation

Section 1

Section 2 69


Master Thesis January, 25, 2017 Urban walks in Nouvelle Vague movies : How to highlight the relationship between itineraries/fragments/symbols in the city ? The aim of this research is to question the symbols of any urban environment for any city dweller. These symbols are very subjective and the movie makers of la Nouvelle Vague seem like they really understood this important point. It is the reason why their works has been the starting point of this research. ENSAM - Spring 2016 / Fall 2017 - Under the leadership of Elodie NOURRIGAT Available in French on ISSUU : https://issuu.com/romane-negre/ docs/17.02.15_negre_romane_memoire Short movie available on YouTube : https://youtu.be/au53ZX33toQ

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Theoretical reasearch Writing this Master’s thesis was a good opportunity to research about the subjective symbolic of the city for each one of its citizens. Architecture takes place in an environment that certainly includes human beings. This is the reason why architects and urbanists need to understand the emotional attachment of people to their built environment. Considering this attachment could be the key for designing more livable cities. I happened to find a lot of great references while writing on the subject. The similarities between the French New Wave’s movies and the Situationists’ psychogeographic drifts were the starting point of my research. Then several works of Kevin Lynch, William H. Whyte, Jan Gehl or Ila Beka and Louise Lemoine, enabled me to show how important it is to consider people for designing an urban plan. Eventually, this very personal exercice enabled me to realize what kind of architecte I wish to be. It increased my architectural culture and taught me basics sociological concepts. https://issuu.com/romane-negre/ docs/17.02.15_negre_romane_memoire 72


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Experimental reasearch In addition to the theoretical aspect of my Master’s thesis, I decided to experiment by making a short movie. I followed and filmed some citizens while they were walking down the streets. Then, I interviewed them and requested them to draw a mind map of their itinerary in order to create a subjective overview of Montpellier. The filming part was a very spontaneous work. I didn’t decide in advance what elements to film. In this manner, the film editing became an analysing process. Thus, the framework of the movie is a transcription of my understanding regarding the participants drifts. Eventually, the cinema appears to be a remarkable tool in an analysing and representative process. Using it clarified my theoretical reflection. I believe that a theorical and an experimental approaches must supplement one another in any creative process, especially in an urban design process. https://youtu.be/au53ZX33toQ

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Road book “Not all those who wander are lost� Canada Montreal, Toronto France Paris, Montpellier, Marseille, Lyon, Rodez Germany Munich, Friebourg, Berlin Italy Pisa, Roma, Florence Japan Tokyo, Sendai, Nikko, Kyoto, Nara, Fukuoka, Kumamoto, Kagoshima, Sapporo, Hakodate Spain Barcelona, Madrid, San Sebastian, Bilbao United States New York, Boston 76


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romane.negre@orange.fr


Architecture Portfolio Romane Negre 2017