and Photoshop Light Room, collectively called “the Adobe Photoshop Family”. In 2008, Adobe released Adobe Photoshop Express, a free web-based image editing tool to edit photos directly on blogs and social networking sites; in 2011 a version was released for the Android operating system and the I. O. S. operating system.
Adobe Photoshop is a graphics editing program developed and published by Adobe Systems Incorporated. Adobe’s 2003 “Creative Suite” rebranding led to Adobe Photoshop 8 being renamed to Adobe Photoshop C.S.. Thus, Adobe Photoshop Creative Suite5 is the 12th
major release of Adobe Photoshop. The Creative Suiterebranding also resulted in Adobe offering numerous software packages containing multiple Adobe programs for a reduced price. Adobe Photoshop is released in two editions: Adobe Photoshop, and Adobe Photoshop Extended, with the Extended having extra Three-Dimensional image creation,
motion graphics editing, and advanced image analysis features. Adobe Photoshop Extended is included in all of Adobe’s Creative Suite offerings except Design Standard, which includes the Adobe Photoshop edition. Alongside Photoshop and Photoshop Extended, Adobe also publishes Photoshop Elements
Adobe only supports Windows and Macintosh versions of Photoshop, but using Wine, Photoshop Creative Suite5 can run well on L. I. N. U. X..
Early history In 1987, Thomas Knoll, a PhD student at the University of Michigan began writing a program on his Macintosh Plus to display gray scale images on a monochrome display. This program, called Display, caught
the attention of his brother John Knoll, an Industrial Light & Magic employee, who recommended that Thomas turn it into a fully-fledged image editing program. Thomas took a sixmonth break from his studies in 1988 to collaborate with his brother on the program. Thomas renamed the program Image PRO, but the name was already taken. Later that year, Thomas renamed his program Photoshop and worked out a short-term deal with scanner manufacturer Barney scan to distribute copies of the program with a slide scanner; a “total of about 200 copies of Photoshop were shipped” this way. During this time, John traveled to Silicon Valley and gave a demonstration of the program to engineers at Apple and Russell Brown, art director at Adobe. Both showings were successful, and Adobe decided to purchase the
license to distribute in September 1988. While John worked on plugins in California, Thomas remained in Ann Arbor writing code. Photoshop 1.0 was released in 1990 for Macintosh exclusively.
File format Photoshop files sometimes have the file extension .P. S. D., Which stands for “Photoshop Document.” A “P. S. D.” File stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop. These include layers with masks, color spaces, C. M. Y. K. Mode (used for commercial printing), transparency, text, alpha channels and spot colors, clipping paths, and duotone settings. This is in contrast to many other file formats that restrict content to provide streamlined, predictable functionality. A PSD file has a maximum height and width of
‘s and provide non-linear editing Photoshop files and special effects sometimes have the services, such as file extension .P. S. backgrounds, textures, B., which stands for and so on, for “Photoshop Big” television, film, and (also known as “large the web. Photoshop’s document format”). A primary strength “P. S. B.” file extends is as a pixel-based the P. S. D. File image editor, unlike format, increasing vector-based image the maximum height editors. However, and width to 300,000 Photoshop also pixels. That limit was enables the creation, apparently chosen incorporation, and somewhat arbitrarily manipulation of by Adobe, not vector graphics based on computer through its Paths, arithmetic constraints Pen tools, Shape (it is not close to a tools, Shape Layers, power of two, as is Type tools, Import 30,000) but for ease command, and Smart of software testing object functions. “.P. S. D.” And P. These tools and S. B. formats are commands are documented. convenient when you want to combine Because of pixel-based and Photoshop’s vector-based images popularity, “P. S. in one Photoshop D.” Files are widely document, because used and supported you may not have to to some extent by use more than one most competing program. However, software. The “.P. S. if you want to D.” File format can be create very complex exported to and from vector graphics with Adobe Illustrator, numerous shapes Adobe Premiere Pro, and colors, you may and After Effects, to find it easier to use make professional software that was standard D. V. D. created primarily for 30,000 pixels.
that purpose, such as Adobe Illustrator. If you want to import the complex vector object into Photoshop, you can import it as a Smart Object. Double-click on Photoshop’s layers palette to open the object in its original software, such as Adobe Illustrator. You can make changes. When you save, Photoshop will update the Smart Object.
Smart Objects display
Suiteintroduces new tools. One of the most significant is the streamline interface which allows increased performance, speed, and efficiency. There is also improved support for Camera RAW files which allow users to process images with higher speed and conversion quality. Creative Suite3 supports over 150 RAW formats as well as JPEG, and PDF. Enhancements were made to the Black and White Conversion, Brightness and Contrast Adjustment
filters without altering the original image (here on Mac OS X) Creative Suite3 improves on features from previous versions of Photoshop Creative
and Vanishing Point Module tools. The Black and White adjustment option improves control over manual gray scale conversions with a dialog box similar to that of Channel
Mixer. There is more control over print options and better management with Adobe Bridge. The Clone Source palette is introduced, adding more options to the clone stamp tool. Other features include the nondestructive Smart Filters, optimizing graphics for mobile devices , Fill Light and Dust Busting tools . Composing is assisted with Photoshop’s new Quick Selection and Refine Edge tools and improved image stitching technology. Creative Suite3 Extended includes everything in Creative Suite3 and additional features. There are tools for Three-dimensional graphic file formats, video enhancement and animation, and comprehensive image measurement and analysis tools with DICOM file support. the Threedimensional graphic formats allow Threedimensional content to be incorporated into Two-dimensional
compositions . As for video editing, Creative Suite3 supports layers and video formatting so users can edit video files per frame. Creative Suite3 and Creative Suite3 Extended were released in April of 2007 to the United States and Canada. they were also made available through Adobe’s online store and Adobe Authorized Re sellers. Both Creative Suite3 and Creative Suite3 Extended are offered as either a standalone application or feature of Adobe Creative Suite 3. the price for Creative Suite3 is U. S. $649 and the extended version is U. S. $999. Both products are compatible with Intelbased Macintosh and Power P. C. S, supporting Windows X. P. and Windows Vista.
Creative Suite4 Creative Suite4
features smoother panning and zooming, allowing faster image editing at a high magnification.
The interface is more simplified with its tab-based interface making it cleaner to work with. Photoshop Creative Suite4 features a new Three-dimensional engine allowing the conversion of gradient maps to Three-dimensional objects, adding depth to layers and text, and getting print-quality output with the new
ray-tracing rendering engine. It supports common Threedimensional formats; the new Adjustment
Suite4 Extended, which has the features of Adobe Photoshop Creative Suite4, plus capabilities for scientific imaging, Three-dimensional, motion graphics, accurate image analysis and highend film and video users. The faster Three-dimensional engine allows users to paint directly on Three-dimensional models, wrap Twodimensional images around Threedimensional shapes and animate Threedimensional objects. As the successor to Photoshop Creative Suite3, Photoshop Creative Suite4 is the first X 64 edition and Mask Panels; of Photoshop on Content-aware scaling consumer computers (seam carving); Fluid for Windows. the Canvas Rotation and color correction File display options. tool has also the Content-aware been improved scaling allows users significantly. to intelligently size and scale images, and Creative Suite4 and Creative Suite4 the Canvas Rotation tool makes it easier to Extended were rotate and edit images released on October 15, 2008. they were from any angle. also made available Adobe released through Adobeâ€™s Photoshop Creative online store and
Adobe Authorized Re sellers. Both Creative Suite4 and Creative Suite4 Extended are offered as either a stand-alone application or feature of Adobe Creative Suite 4. The price for Creative Suite4 is US $699 and the extended version is U. S. $999. Both products are compatible with Intel-
based Macintosh O. S. X. And Power P. C. S., supporting Windows X. P. and Windows VISTA.
Creative Suite5 In May 2011, Adobe Creative Suite 5.5 (Creative Suite5.5) was released, with new versions of some of the applications. Its version of Photoshop, 12.1, is identical to the concurrently released update for
Photoshop Creative Suite5, version 12.0.4, except for support for the new subscription pricing that was introduced with Creative Suite5.5. Creative Suite5 introduces new tools such as the Content-Aware Fill, Refine Edge, Mixer Brush, Bristle Tips and Puppet Warp. the community also had a hand in the additions made to Creative Suite5 as 30 new features and improvements were included by request. these include automatic image straightening, the Rule-of-Thirds cropping tool, color pickup and saving an 16 bit image as a J. P. E. G. Another feature includes the Adobe Mini Bridge which allows for efficient file browsing and management.
was added, providing more options such as Chrome, Glass, and Cork. the new Shadow Catcher tool can be used to further enhance Threedimensional objects. For motion graphics, the tools can be applied to over more than one frame in a video sequence.
Creative Suite5 and Creative Suite5 Extended were made available through Adobe’s online store, Adobe Authorized Re sellers and Adobe direct sales. Both Creative Suite5 and Creative Suite5 Extended are offered as either a standalone application or feature of Adobe Creative Suite 5. the price for Creative Suite5 is U. S. $699 and the extended version is U. S. $999. Both products are compatible with Intelbased Macintosh OS Creative Suite5 and Windows XP, Extended includes Windows VISTA, and everything in Creative Windows 7. Suite5 plus features in Three-dimensional Creative Suite6 and video editing. A new materials library On March 21, 2012,
Adobe released a beta version of Photoshop Creative Suite6. It adds new creative design tools and a redesigned interface with a focus on enhanced performance . Creative Suite6 Beta is available for free downloading in English and Japanese for Mac OS and Windows. New features have been added to the ContentAware tool such as the Content-Aware Patch and Content-Aware Move . Adobe Photoshop Creative Suite6 will also bring a suite of tools for video editing. Color and
exposure adjustments, as well as layers are among a few things that will be featured in this new editor. Upon completion of editing, the user will be presented with a handful of options of exporting into a few popular formats. Creative Suite6 brings the “straighten” tool to Photoshop, where a user simply draws a line anywhere on an image, and the canvas will reorient itself so that the line drawn becomes horizontal, and adjusts the media accordingly. This was created with the intention that users will draw a line parallel to a plane
in the image, and reorient the image to that plane to easier achieve certain perspectives. Creative Suite6 will allow background saving, which means that while another document is compiling and archiving itself, it will be possible to simultaneously edit an image. Also, Creative Suite6 will also feature a custom auto-save feature, preventing any work from being lost. All the tools and filters will be improved and optimized in Creative Suite6. Now, when a filter is applied, it will be applied to the current layer, as opposed all layers in older version of Adobe Photoshop. Adobe has responded to feedback from the graphic design community, and has modified the User Interface accordingly. Now, it boasts a more unified, static look, and is easier to keep track of
all the palettes and documents.
Tools Upon loading Photoshop, a sidebar with a variety of tools with multiple imageediting functions appears to the left of the screen. These tools typically fall under the categories of cropping and slicing; drawing; painting; measuring and navigation; selection; typing; and retouching. Some tools contain a small triangle in the bottom right of the toolbox icon. These can be expanded to reveal similar tools. While newer versions of Photoshop are updated to include new tools and features, several recurring tools that exist in most versions are discussed below.
chosen section. This tool assists in creating a focus point on an image and excluding unnecessary or excess space. The â€œsliceâ€? and slice select tools, like the crop tool, are used in isolating parts of images. The slice tool can be used to divide an image into different sections, and these separate parts can be used as pieces of a web page design once HTML is applied. the slice
Drawing Photoshop includes a few versions of the pen tool. The pen tool creates precise paths that can be manipulated using anchor points. the free form pen tool allows the user to draw paths freehand, and with the magnetic pen tool, the drawn path attaches closely to outlines of objects in an image, which is useful for isolating them from a background.
Cropping and Slicing The crop tool can be used to select a particular area of an image and discard the portions outside of the
select tool allows sliced sections of an image to be adjusted and shifted.
Painting A few of the painting tools in Photoshop are the brush, pencil,
piece to anywhere on the canvas. the lasso tool is similar to the marquee tool, however, the user can make a custom selection by drawing it freehand. In addition, the lasso tool can make magnetic and polygonal selections.
gradient and paint bucket tools. These can be used to retouch images by altering and adding colored pixels. Original paintings can be created using the brush tool, since it has many different default brush-tips, and brush strokes be easily adjusted in size, shape and texture. there is an option to create custom brushes to suit the userâ€™s needs, and original brushes and brush packages can be found on the web.
The pencil tool allows the user to paint rough strokes on the canvas, creating a similar effect to a real pencil on paper. the gradient, fill and paint bucket tools are similar to each other, as they each fill areas of the canvas with color.
Measuring and Navigation The eyedropper tool selects a color from an area of the image that is clicked, and samples it for future use. the hand tool
navigates an image by moving it in any direction, and the zoom tool enlarges the part of an image that is clicked on, allowing for a closer view.
Selection The marquee tool can make selections that are single row, single column, rectangular and elliptical. Once an area of an image is highlighted, the move tool can be used to manually relocate the selected
Photoshop also provides tools for adding and editing text. The type tools create an area where text can be entered, and the type mask tools create a selection area that has the shape of text. the type tool creates vector-based text, so symbols, letters and numbers in various fonts and colors can be re-sized while maintaining the same resolution.
Content-Aware Content-awareness is a useful aspect of Photoshop where image editing is done automatically and intelligently. It comes in two forms
which are contentaware scaling and content-aware filling, in which elements in a background automatically recompose according to the areas a user of the program decides to fill or scale. More specifically, contentaware scaling works by rescaling an image and causing its content to adapt to the new dimensions and preserving important areas of it. Contentaware filling functions by matching tone, color, and noise of an area of the image that contained an object or detail in which the user decides to remove.
an imperfection or unwanted detail in a specific area of an image.
There are several tools that are used
image, and duplicates it over another area using a brush that can be adjusted in size, flow and opacity. the smudge tool, when dragged across part of an image, stretches and smudges pixels
and the magic eraser tool selects areas of solid color and erases them. the burn and dodge tools, which are derived from traditional methods of adjusting the exposure on printed photos,
for retouching, manipulating and adjusting photos, such as the clone stamp, eraser, burn, dodge, smudge and blur tools. the clone stamp tool samples a selected portion of an
as if they are real paint, and the blur tool softens portions of an image by lowering the amount of detail within the adjusted area. the eraser tool removes pixels from an image,
have opposite effects; the burn tool darkens selected areas, and the dodge tool lightens them.
Healing Tools With improvement retouching tools like the Clone Stamp tool and Healing Brush tool, imperfections of an image can easily be removed. These tools essentially function by locating a source point (or multiple source points) that can be scaled or rotated in order to cover
Puppet Wrap Similar to the
content-aware tool, the puppet wrap tool reveals Photoshopâ€™s intelligence by allowing a user to
the structure of an object and easily repositioning in the wanted orientation.
with other features such as adding text and the creation of animations using single images.
Threedimensional With the Extended version of Photoshop Creative Suite5, Twodimensional elements of an artwork can easily become threedimensional with the click of a button. Extrusions of texts, an available library of materials for three-dimensional, and even wrapping two-dimensional
reposition an object in an image such as a flower or arm. This is done by using points that outline
dimensional geometry are all possible with this version of Photoshop. Realism can also be added to an image using the Three-dimensional features of Photoshop such as animating image-based lights and depth of field.
Mobile Integration Third-party plug ins have also been added to the most recent version of Photoshop where technologies such as the Apple IPAD have integrated the software with
Video Editing In Adobe Creative Suite5 Extended edition, video editing is comprehensive and efficient with a broad compatibility of video file formats such as MOV, AVI, FLC, MPEG-4, and FLV formats and easy workflow. Using simple combination of keys video layers can easily be modified,
images around Three-
different types of
applications. Painting applications allow users to easily create paintings with their fingertips and use
over-sharpening, add grain, and even perform post-crop vignetting.
maintain validity and protect the trademark from becoming generic, trademarks must be used as proper adjectives.
Graphic Design Photoshop has been an useful tool for graphic designers to create artwork conveniently and aesthetically. For example, a studio based in Barcelona use Photoshop in order to visualize their vision on an initial concept and then move onto different media to complete the an array of different paint from dry to wet in order to create rich color blending.
art and pushes the limits on the medium in order to create artwork for print and web. Some of the many other graphic design studios that use Photoshop are Z. Design and American Greetings.
Magazines Before any type of print media is published, whether it is a magazine, newspaper, or even novel it is most likely the case Photoshop has been used to enhance and clean up the imagery and text
Photoshop and derivatives such as Photoshopped (or Camera Raw just Shopped) have become verbs that are With the Camera Raw sometimes used to plug-in, RAW images refer to images edited can be processed by Photoshop, or any without the use of image manipulating Adobe Light Room, program. â€œPhotoshopâ€? along with other is also used as a noun image file formats to refer to image such as JPEGs, or editing programs PNGs. The plugin general. Such in allows users to derivatives are remove noise without discouraged by Adobe concept. The studio the side-effect of takes traditional because, in order to
on many if not all of the pages. Magazines
like Fitness Magazine and Clear Magazine both use Photoshop and many of its tools in order to conveniently enhance the imagery in their magazines. Fitness Magazine employs many in-house designers in order to retouch the photos of models to enhance their beauty and add finishing touches to the imagery by using
tools that balance color and add drop shadows among other edits.
Photoshop Disasters Among the mass communication in printed and digital media, a popular website by the name of â€œPhotoshop Disastersâ€? was created in order to
expose the mishaps (and even the best) of Photoshop designers and artists in these mediums. This is done by readers of the website who send emails to the administrator of the site who find these disasters. Many of the disasters range from missing limbs to incorrect composition to overdone photo retouching on fashion
models among the many others presented on the website.
Illustrator is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Adobe Systems. Illustrator is similar in scope, intended market, and functionality to its competitors, Designer Pro and Macromedia FreeHand. The latest version, Illustrator C.S. 5, is the fifteenth generation in the product line.
History Adobe Illustrator was first developed for the Apple Macintosh in December 1986 (shipping in January 1987) as a commercialization of Adobeâ€™s in-house font development software and PostScript file format. Adobe Illustrator is the companion
it sporadically supported other platforms. In the early nineties, Adobe released versions of Illustrator for Next, Silicon Graphics, and Sun platforms, but they were discontinued due to poor market accceptance. The first version of Illustrator for Windows, version 2.0, was releeased in early 1989 and flopped. The next Windows version, 4.0, was widely criticized as being too similar to Illustrator 1.1 instead of the Macintosh 3.0 version, and certainly not the equal as “the Illustrator product of Adobe of Windows’ most Photoshop. Photoshop Adobe”. Illustrator 88, the product name popular illustration is primarily geared package. (Note for version 1.7, was toward digital photo that there were no released in 1988 and manipulation and photorealistic styles of introduced many new versions 2.0 or 4.0 for the Macintosh computer illustration, tools and features. although the second while Illustrator As of 2011, the Adobe Illustrator ‘88 release for the Mac provides results was titled Illustrator file format is used in the typesetting 88 - the year of its in the M. A. T. L. and logo graphic release.) Version 4 A. B. Programming areas of design. Language as an option was, however, the first Early magazine version of Illustrator to save figures. advertisements to support editing in (featured in graphic preview mode, which Although during design trade did not appear in a its first decade magazines such as Macintosh version Communication Arts) Adobe developed until 5.0 in 1993. referred to the product Illustrator primarily for Macintosh,
Adobe Illustrator 10, The last version before the C.S. Re brand With the introduction of Illustrator 6 in 1996, Adobe made critical changes in the user interface with regards to path editing (and also to converge on the same user interface as Adobe Photoshop), and many users opted not to upgrade. Illustrator also begaan to support True Type, effectively ending the “font wars” between PostScript Type 1 and True Type. Like Photoshop, Illustrator also began supporting plug-ins, greatly and quickly extending its abilities. Adobe bought A. L. D. U. S., in 1994, for PageMaker. As part of the transaction, the Federal Trade Commission issued a complaint of Adobe Systems on October 18, 1994 ordering a divestiture of FreeHand to “remedy the lessening of competition resulting from thee
browsers until Internet Explorer 9 in 2011.
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Version 9 included a tracing feature, similar to that within Adobe’s discontinued product Streamline. Illustrator C.S. was the first version to include 3D capabilities allowing users to extrude or revolve shapes to create simple 3D objects.
Illustrator C.S. 2 (version 12) was available for both www.awesometattoos.com the Macintosh and Windows Web publishing, PDF, operating systems. It acquisition” because of Adobe’s Illustrator and SVG (Scalable was the last version Vector Graphics.) software. As a for the Mac which Adobe was an early result, Macromedia did not run natively developer of SVG for on Intel processors. acquired FreeHand in 1995 from its the web and Illustrator Among the new exported SVG files original developer, features included via the SVG File and continued its in Illustrator C.S. development through Format plug in. Using 2 were Live Trace, the Adobe SVG 2004. Live Paint, a control Viewer (A. S. V.), palette and custom The difference in introduced in 2000, work spaces. Live strengths between allowed users to view Trace allows for the Photoshop and SVG images in most conversion of bit map Illustrator became major browsers until imagery into vector clear with the rise it was discontinued in art and improved of the Internet; 2009. Native support upon thee previous Illustrator was for SVG was not tracing abilities. Live enhanced to support complete in all major
Paint allows users more flexibility in applying color to objects, specifically those that overlap. In the same year as the C.S. 2 release, Adobe Systems announced an agreement to acquire Macromedia in a stock swap valued at about $3.4 billion and it integrated the companies’ operations, networks, and customer-care organizations shortly thereafter. Adobe now owned FreeHand along with the entire Macromedia product line and in 2007, Adobe announced that it would discontinue development and updates to the FreeHand program. Instead, Adobe would provide tools and support to ease the transition to Illustrator. C.S. 3 included interface updates to the Control Bar, the ability to align individual points, multiple Crop Areas, the Color Guide panel and the Live Color feature among others.
C.S. 4 was released in October 2008. It features a variety of improvements to old tools along with the introduction of a few brand new tools acquired from FreeHand. Thee ability to create multiple art boards is one of it’s main additions from FreeHand. Thee art boards allow you to create multiple versions of a piece of work within a single document. Other tools include the Blob Brush, which allows multiple overlapping vector brush strokes to easily merge or join, and a revamped gradient tool allowing for more in-depth color manipulation as well as transparency in gradients.
still accessible via Easter Eggg) in Illustrator C.S. (11.0) and C.S. 2 (12.0) by a stylized flower Branding to conform to the Creative Suite’s Starting with version nature imagery. 1.0, Adobe chose to In C.S. 3, Adobe license an image of changed the suite “The Birth Of Venus” branding once again, from the archives to simple colored and use the portion blocks with twocontaining Venus’ letter abbreviations, face as Illustrator’s resembling a periodic branding image. They table of elements. desired a Renaissance Illustrator was image to evoke his represented by two vision of Postscript as letters in white against a new Renaissance in an orange background publishing, and Adobe (oranges and yellows employee Luanne were prominent color Seymour, who was schemes in Illustrator responsible for the branding going back early marketing as faar as version material, found 4.0). The C.S. 4 icon Venus’ flowing tresses is almost identical, a perfect vehicle except for a slight for demonstrating alteration to the foont Illustrator’s strength and the color which is in tracing smooth dark gray. The C.S. 5 curves over bit map icon is also virtually source images. Over the same, except that the years the rendition this time the logo is of this image on like a box, along with Illustrator’s splash all the other C.S. 5 screen and packaging product logos. became more stylized to reflect features added in each version.
comprehensive update to strokes, referred to by Adobe as “Beautiful Strokes”.
C.S. 5 was released in April 2010. Along with a number of enhancements to existing functionality, It’s new features include a Perspective Grid tool taken from FreeHand, a Bristle Brush (for more The image of Venus natural and painterly looking strokes) and a was replaced (albeit
is a software application produced by Adobe Systems. It can be used to create works such as posters, flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers and books. InDesign can also publish content suitable for tablet devices in conjunction with Adobe Digital Publishing Suite. Graphic designers and production artists are the principal users, creating and laying out periodical publications, posters, and print media. Thee Adobe InCopy word processor uses the same formatting engine as InDesign.
History InDesign is the successor to Adobe’s own PageMaker, which was acquired with the purchase of it in late 1994. By 1998 PageMaker had lost almost thee entire professional market to the comparatively feature-rich Quark 3.3, released in 1992, and 4.0, released in 1996. Quark
stated its intention to buyy out Adobe and to divest the combined company of PageMaker to avoid anti-trust issues. In 2002, InDesign was the first Mac OS X-native desktop publishing software. In version 3 (InDesign C.S.) it received a boost in distribution by being bundled with Photoshop, Illustrator, and Acrobat in the Creative Suite. InDesign exports documents in Adobe’s Portable Document Format (PDF) and has multilingual support. It was the first desk top publishing application to support Unicode for text processing, advanced typography with Open Type fonts, advanced transparency features, layout styles, optical margin alignment, and cross-platform scripting using Java Script. Adobe developed InDesign C.S.3 (and Creative Suite 3) as universal binary software compatible with native Intel and
Power PC Mac machines in 2007, two years after the annnounced 2005 schedule, inconveniencing Intel-Mac earlyadopters. The Adobe CEO had announced that “Adobe will be first wiith a complete line of universal applications.” The C.S.2 Mac version had code tightly integrated to thee architecture, and not natively compatible with the Intel processors in Apple’s new machines, so porting the products to another platform was more difficult than had been anticipated. Adobe developed the C.S.3 application integrating Macromedia products (2005), rather than recompiling C.S.2 and simultaneously developing C.S.3.
InDesign and Leopard
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InDesign C.S.3 initially had a serious compatibility issue with Leopard (Mac OS X version 10.5), as Adobe stated: “InDesign C.S.3 may unexpectedly quit when using the Place, Save, or Export commands using either the OS or Adobe dialog boxes. Unfortunately, there
are no ways to work around these known issues.” Apple fixed this with their OS X 10.5.4 update.
Language availability Adobe InDesign C.S. 5 is available in the followiing languages: Arabic (Middle Eastern version),
Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English (International & United States), Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew (Middle Eastern version), Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Russsian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian.
Historical Language availability Adobe InDesign C.S.4 offered a Romanian version, though this is no longer available for C.S. 5. French (Canadian) and Spanish (Latin American) versions use the saame files as are used in French and Spanish versions, respectively.
Directional text flow In InDesign Middle Eastern versions, the notion of right-to-left behavior applies to
several objects: Story, Paragraph, Character and Table. You can easily mix Right-toLeft and Left-to-Right Words, Paragraphs and Stories in a document.
Table of contents You can create a table of contents for any document or book in InDesign Middle Eastern versions. InDesign Middle Eastern versions comme with a set of Table of contents titles, one for each supported language. The is also sorted according to the chosen language. InDesign C.S.4 Middle Eastern versions allow you to choose the language of your index title and cross-references by right clicking in the title field in the Generate Index window.
detailed index of the information in your book using embedded indexing codes whiich are instantiated as an index using a command in the Indexing palette. Unlike more sophisticated programs, InDesign is incapable of inserting character style information as part of an index entry (e.g., when indexing book, journal or movie titles). Indices are limited to four levels (top level and three sub-levels). InDesign Midddle Eastern versions let you set various Sort Options for your indices according to the language with which you are dealing.
Complex script rendering
InDesign supports Unicode character encoding and there is a special Middle East version supporting Indices complex text layout for Arabic and InDesign allows Hebrew types of for the creation of a complex script. The simple keyword index underlying Arabic or a somewhat more and Hebrew support
is present in the Western-language editions of InDesign C.S. 4 and C.S. 5, but the user interface is not exposed, so it is difficult to access.
User groups InDesign has spawned 69 user groups in 29 countries with a total membership of over 42,000.