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THE SYSTEM GARDEN THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE

MEASURED DRAWING & DIGITAL HERITAGE ASSIGNMENT 1 | RIZAL AMBOTANG 641233


(Right) Octogonal timber ceiling pattern in the System Garden tower

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CONTENT

(This page) Circular vents designed as part of the original conservatory’s air circulation system

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PAGE HISTORY OF SYSTEM GARDEN Notes

6 10

PHOTOGRAPHY STUDIES VEGETATION

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MATERIALITY & TEXTURES

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APPENDICES FIELD NOTES - 1

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HAND DRAWING - 2

25

WATERCOLOUR DRAWING - 3

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AUTOCAD DRAWINGS - 4

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360O PHOTO - 5

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ELEVATION PHOTO - 6

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

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HISTORY THE SYSTEM GARDEN

Hidden away like a secret garden among the surrounding old and new buildings, the System Garden today is far from its former glory of its original plan (see right). Conceived as a botanical garden in 1856 by Frederick McCoy

1

, the Professor

of Natural Science, the System Garden was used by botany students in its initial inception. It was joint effort of Edward La Trobe Bateman, Frederick McCoy and William Hyndman 2 to create a systematic botanical garden on the grounds of the University of Melbourne.

Figure 1 George Tibbits, The Planning & Development of the University of Melbourne, 2000 Partial plan of the University of Melbourne 1896 with the original

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System Garden indicated in green.


Bateman’s circular design of the garden is believed to be influenced by an early Renaissance

treatise,

The

Dream

of

Poliphilus, which mentioned of a circular garden on the mythical Island of Kythera 3. McCoy’s intention to establish a scientific botanic garden was inspired by the botanical garden at Cambridge University 4

. Not only that the System Garden reflects

the nineteenth century effort in scientific plant classification but it also highlights the University of Melbourne attempt to establish itself as a peer to the established British universities.

Figure 2 System Garden with its partially completed conservatory c 1875, University of Melbourne Archives

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After years of disrepair, the System Garden

the iron finial which supports the original

was resurrected in the early part of the 20th

octogonal conservatory.

century. It’s however smaller from its original size as additional buildings have been built

Additionally, a number of the original

over the last 100 years.

plantings still flourishing. They include a

Cabbage

Tree

(Cordyline

australis),

In 1916, the domed roof of the original

the Palms (Phoenix canariensis, Phoenix

conservatory was demolished leaving the

dactylifera and Jubaea chilensis), and an

slender octogonal tower . The tower used to

Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera) tree

be a potting shed of the larger conservatory

which they form part of McCoy’s plant

structure. The circular timber vents below the

classification system 6.

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eaves were once part of the conservatory’s air circulation system.

The Osage Orange, now an established tree of 120 years old, is a strong reminder of

Today, the remnants of the original System

McCoy’s vision and is listed in the National

Garden include the garden centrepiece, the

Trust’s register of significant trees of

surviving brick tower with a slate roof and

Victoria.

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(Right) Osage Orange - Significant trees of Victoria, in National Trust Register


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NOTES 1. Richard J. W. Selleck, The shop : the University of Melbourne 1850-1939 (Melbourne : Melbourne University Press, 2003), 81. 2. Richard, The shop, 82. 3. Richard, The shop, 82. 4. Richard, The shop, 82. 5. Smith, Bridie. 2016. "Fears Melbourne's 'sacred botanical site' could shrink, taking a slice of history with it." The Sydney Morning Herald, November 24, 2016 — 3.46pm EDT, https://www.smh.com.au/ technology/fears-melbournes-sacred-botanical-site-could-shrink-taking-aslice-of-history-with-it-20161124-gswrc0.html 6. “The System garden – The Garden – History, ” The University of Melbourne Sustainability, accessed April 2019, https://sustainablecampus.unimelb.edu.au/key-areas/campus-grounds/system-garden/the-garden/history

Table of Figures Figure 1. Tibbits, George. “Plan of the University of Melbourne 1896” In The Planning & Development of the University of Melbourne , p. 15, Melbourne : The University of Melbourne, 2000 Figure 2. University of Melbourne Archives “System Garden with its partially completed conservatory c. 1875” Melbourne : The University of Melbourne, c 1875

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PHOTO GRAPHY

VEGETATION Established as the Botanical garden, it’s currently laid out according to the groups of related plants Within the System garden plants are group together in families and subclasses. The plantings are contained within the circular hedges. N

plant hedges

plant hedges

bog beds SITE PLAN Site Plan : circular plant hedgings

0

1

2

bog beds 3

4m

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Variety of plant species arranged in circular hedging

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PHOTO GRAPHY

MATERIALITY & TEXTURES

Painted brick wall

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Painted timber sash window

Finial replica as system garden ornament

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PHOTO GRAPHY

MATERIALITY & TEXTURES

Brick -edged grass footpath

Natural stone footpath

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Octogonal pattern timber ceiling


PHOTO GRAPHY

MATERIALITY & TEXTURES

Natural stone footpath

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Slate roof with decorative iron finial with roof cap

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FIELD NOTES

APPENDIX 01

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21


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HAND DRAWING

APPENDIX 02

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N

A

A

SITE PLAN

GROUND FLOOR PLAN 0

1

2

3

4m 0

SECTION A-A

ELEVATION - NORTH EAST THE SYSTEM GARDEN POLYGONAL TOWER

MEASURED DRAWING & DIGITAL HERITAGE

RIZAL AMBOTANG

641233

THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE

0.5

1

2m

ELEVATION NORTH WEST SCALE 1 : 50 @ A3 1 : 200 @ A3


WATERCOLOUR DRAWING

APPENDIX 03

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CAD DRAWINGS

APPENDIX 04

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01 A1

SITE PLAN 1:100 @A3

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02 A1

SYSTEM GARDEN - TOWER THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE

02 A1

REFLECTED CEILING PLAN 1:50 @A3

RIZAL AMBOTANG, 641233 ASSIGNMENT 01 ABPL 90020, MEASURED DRAWING & DIGITAL HERITAGE

ROOF PLAN 1:50 @A3

SITE PLAN , REFLECTED CEILING PLAN & ROOF PLAN DATE :

SCALES 15/04/2019

1:100 , 1:50 @A3

A1


B

A

A

01 A2

GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1:50 @A3 B

02 A2

SECTION A-A 1:50 @A3

SYSTEM GARDEN - TOWER THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE

03 A2

RIZAL AMBOTANG, 641233 ASSIGNMENT 01 ABPL 90020, MEASURED DRAWING & DIGITAL HERITAGE

SECTION B-B 1:50 @A3

GROUND FLOOR PLAN & SECTIONS DATE :

SCALES 15/04/2019

1:50 @A3

A2


01 A3

SOUTH WEST FACING ELEVATION 1:50 @A3

SYSTEM GARDEN - TOWER THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE

02 A3

NORTH EAST FACING ELEVATION 1:50 @A3

RIZAL AMBOTANG, 641233

ELEVATIONS

ASSIGNMENT 01 ABPL 90020, MEASURED DRAWING & DIGITAL HERITAGE

DATE :

SCALES 15/04/2019

1:50 @A3

A3


32 01 A4

SOUTH EAST FACING ELEVATION 1:50 @A3

SYSTEM GARDEN - TOWER THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE

RIZAL AMBOTANG, 641233 ASSIGNMENT 01 ABPL 90020, MEASURED DRAWING & DIGITAL HERITAGE

02 A4

NORTH FACING ELEVATION 1:50 @A3

ELEVATIONS DATE :

SCALES 15/04/2019

1:50 @A3

A4


01 A5

TYPICAL SASH WINDOW - INTERIOR 1:10 @A3

02 A5

TYPICAL SASH WINDOW - EXTERIOR 1:10 @A3

INTERIOR

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EXTERIOR

03 A5

RIZAL AMBOTANG, 641233 SYSTEM GARDEN - TOWER THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE

ASSIGNMENT 01 ABPL 90020, MEASURED DRAWING & DIGITAL HERITAGE

WINDOW FRAME DETAIL 1:5 @A3

DETAILS DATE : 15/04/2019

SCALES 1:10 , 1:5 @A3

A5


360 PHOTOGRAPHY O

APPENDIX 05 Copy the link below to a web browser to view the 360o panorama http://m.360.io/srNcUa

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360 PHOTOGRAPHY O

Copy the link below to a web browser to view the 360o panorama http://m.360.io/mcyhSp

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ELEVATION PHOTO

APPENDIX 06

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Selleck, Richard J. W. The shop : the University of Melbourne 1850-1939. Melbourne : Melbourne University Press, 2003 Smith, Bridie. "Fears Melbourne's 'sacred botanical site' could shrink, taking a slice of history with it." The Sydney Morning Herald, November 24, 2016 — 3.46pm EDT, https://www.smh.com.au/ technology/fears-melbournes-sacred-botanical-site-could-shrink-taking-aslice-of-history-with-it-20161124-gswrc0.html The University of Melbourne. “The System garden – The Garden – History, ” The University of Melbourne Sustainability, accessed April 2019, https://sustainablecampus.unimelb.edu.au/key-areas/campus-grounds/system-garden/the-garden/history

(Left) Decorative iron finial

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measured drawing & digital heritage sem 1 2019 assignment one rizal ambotang 641233

Profile for Rizal Ambotang

Measured Drawing & Digital Heritage - System Garden Tower  

Measured Drawing & Digital Heritage , Assignment 1

Measured Drawing & Digital Heritage - System Garden Tower  

Measured Drawing & Digital Heritage , Assignment 1

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