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Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson November 14, 2009

The Richmond Forum brings leaders from the world stage to our stage in Richmond—to expand horizons, stimulate conversation, and inspire our community.

The 2009-2010 Season Patrons Circle The Richmond Forum is grateful to these and all of our contributors for their generous financial support and participation this year.

The Richmond Forum is a non-profit 501(c)(3) educational organization. Thank you for your support.

letter from the e xecutive director

letter from the

Executive Director Thank you for joining us for the first night of the 24th season of The Richmond Forum. Anticipation has been high for this season as evidenced by the speed with which we sold out our season subscriptions, and by the number of phone calls that we continued to receive throughout this summer and fall in pursuit of tickets for individual programs. In this economic climate, we are truly grateful for your passionate support of The Richmond Forum. There are other great speakers series around the country, but none of them has the loyal support and following that we enjoy from our Richmond community, both its residents and our corporate citizens. Thank you. Tonight we can expect to get the season started with a lively exploration of all things space. If you are familiar with Neil deGrasse Tyson, you already know that his personality is as large as his area of study. If you’re not familiar with him, then you’re in for a real treat. This program comes right as the news has been filled with almost weekly headlines from space. There was the dud-for-spectators “attack” of the moon by NASA (hopefully the data will prove to be more exciting than the event), the discovery of a new “super-sized” ring around Saturn, and the discovery of a mysterious “ribbon” of hydrogen around our solar system that defies all current expectations about what the edge of the solar system might look like. To paraphrase one NASA official, the more we think we know, the more we find out what we didn’t know we didn’t know. Perhaps Dr. Tyson can leave us with a better understanding of what we do know tonight. After our holiday break, we’ll be back here on January 9th for our program with Greg

Mortenson, author of Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Mission to Promote Peace, One School at a Time and his follow-up book that will be released on December 1st, Stones into Schools: Promoting Peace with Books, Not Bombs, in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Greg Mortenson’s humanitarian work is extraordinary, his story is amazing, and his from-the-ground perspective on the situation in that troubled region will be invaluable as the United States continues (at this writing) to evaluate its game plan there. This will be a must-see program and an inspirational evening to kick off the new year. If you know that you will not be able to attend our January program, or any others, please take a moment to donate your tickets back to The Forum for a tax credit. It’s easy to do, just call our office or visit our website (www. We’ll make sure that your seats don’t go unused in your absence. Also, we hope that you will join our subscribers who are staying in touch with The R ich mond For u m v ia our blog (w w w. by joining our rapidly growing group on Facebook. Doing so will allow you to stay on top of the latest news about our speakers, past and present, as well as to gain a behind-the-scenes look into the workings of The Richmond Forum. Both are great ways to further enrich your Richmond Forum experience and to connect with other subscribers. But for now, sit back, strap in, and get ready to enjoy an “out of this world evening.” Bill Chapman

An Out of This World Evening November 14, 2009

Lead Patron

Dominion Resources

Host Patron

Community Idea Stations

Producer Patron

Capital One

Producer Patron

circle S studio

Opening program

American Youth Harp Ensemble

National Anthem

Anne O’Byrne

Opening remarks

Bill Chapman Executive Director The Richmond Forum

Welcome and introduction of tonight’s speaker

Presentation Remarks

Robert M. Blue Senior Vice President Public Policy & Corporate Communications Dominion Resources Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson Mr. Chapman Fifteen Minute Intermission

Remarks and introduction

Mr. Chapman

of tonight’s moderator Audience Questions Closing Remarks

Dr. Tyson and Jim Lehman Mr. Chapman

Tonight’s presentation may not be recorded or photographed by any means for any purpose. The Forum’s publications are printed by B&B Printing.

tonight ’s pr ogra m

Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson

t o n i g h t ’s l e a d pat r o n

Tonight’s Lead Patron Dominion [NYSE:D] is a homegrown Richmond company with roots extending back to the Colonial era. By the early 1900s, the company began operating as an electric and gas utility under the name Virginia Electric & Power Co. That utility is now known as Dominion Virginia Power and is celebrating its 100th anniversary as a provider of service to Virginia. With about 5,000 employees in the Richmond area and more than 10,000 throughout the Commonwealth, today’s Dominion plays a vital role in supporting the state’s economy. Along with helping to meet Virginia’s energy needs, Dominion is a leading provider of energy and related services in the Midwest, MidAtlantic and Northeast regions of the U.S.—a market of 50 million homes and businesses where 40 percent of the nation’s energy is consumed. Dominion now serves more than 5 million retail electric and natural gas customers in 12 states. Good corporate citizenship and responsible environmental stewardship are integral to Dominion’s business mission. The company’s philanthropic arm, the Dominion Foundation,

donates millions of dollars annually to qualified non-profit organizations in communities where the company does business. In addition, employees contribute more than 100,000 hours of volunteer time to their communities each year. Among Dominion’s signature community programs are EnergyShare, which provides financial assistance to customers who need help paying their energy bills; Project Plant It!, which distributes tree seedlings to more than 35,000 school students while helping them learn about the environment; and Strong Men/Strong Women, a program that provides youth with positive role models by honoring the accomplishments of African-American men and women.

ONLY SOME OF OUR PLANTS GENERATE ELECTRICITY. Our commitment to the environment is helping create cleaner and greener communities.

At Dominion, our dedication to a healthy ecosystem goes well beyond our financial investment in science and technology. It also takes on a personal touch. Like our employee volunteers who donate thousands of hours each year to conservation efforts. They pitch in to refurbish nature trails, build outdoor classrooms, clean up streams and parks, and assist established conservation groups. Environmental stewardship is something that runs throughout our company. And you can see it at work every day. To find out more about how we’re putting our energy to work for the environment, visit, keyword: foundation.

Not every prominent astrophysicist has received “hate mail” from school children. Neil deGrasse Tyson has. It began a decade ago when Tyson— then and still the Frederick P. Rose director of New York’s famed Hayden Planetarium—became a vocal advocate for demoting Pluto from planetary status. The outrage generated by his position on the nature of Pluto is described in his 2009 book, The Pluto Files: The Rise and Fall of America’s Favorite Planet. Despite his role in the demotion of Pluto, it is his role as the most visible and enthusiastic promoter of learning about the universe that has made him famous. Tyson has been compared to the late Carl Sagan both for his ability to explain the cosmos to non-scientists and for his frequent presence on television and in print. Tyson is the on-camera host of the NOVA scienceNOW program on PBS. He has appeared multiple times on The Colbert Report, The Daily Show and BBC Horizon. In addition to The Pluto Files, he is the author of eight other books, including Death By Black Hole and Other Cosmic Quandaries, a New York Times bestseller, and The Sky is Not the Limit: Adventures of an Urban Astrophysicist, a personal memoir. He co-authored Origins: Fourteen Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution, a companion book to Origins, a PBS NOVA miniseries in which Tyson was on-camera host. He is also monthly essayist for Natural History magazine. Tyson was born in New York City in 1958 and graduated from Bronx High School of Science. Passionate about astronomy from an early age, he was actively encouraged by Carl Sagan to enroll in the undergraduate program at Cornell, where Sagan taught. Opting instead for Harvard,Tyson earned a B.A. degree in physics in 1980. He went on to earn an M.A. in astronomy

at the University of Texas in 1983 and a Ph.D. in astrophysics from Columbia in 1991. He is also the holder of many honorary doctorate degrees—including one from the University of Richmond. He joined the staff of the Hayden Planetarium at the American Museum of Natural History in 1996. A leading researcher in his field, Tyson’s special interests include star formation, exploding stars, dwarf galaxies, and the structure of our Milky Way. He obtains his research data from the Hubble telescope and from Earth-based

telescopes in North and South America. He is past chairman and now president of the Planetary Society. In 2001, he was appointed by President Bush to the 12-member federal commission on the future of the U.S. aerospace industry. In 2004, he received a presidential appointment to a 9-member commission on the implementation of the United States space exploration policy. He is also on the prestigious Advisory Council of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Tyson’s contributions to public understanding and appreciation of the cosmos have been recognized by the International Astronomical Union in their naming of an asteroid, 13123 Tyson.Tyson lives in NewYork City with his wife and two children.

tonight ’s speaker

Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson

WE DO A LOT OF IMPORTANT THINGS. NOT ALL OF THEM IN OFFICES. We do them in communities. Schools. Small businesses. And a lot of other areas. You see, at Capital One, we believe that the more our people volunteer their time, expertise and financial resources – the more everyone benefits. After all, while a lot of important work goes on inside our offices, just as much goes on outside them. Capital One is proud to support the Richmond Forum.


Tonight’s moderator has been looking to the stars ever since his father, a Physics professor, became the first American to spot and report Sputnik 1 during its first orbital pass over the United States in 1957. By the seventh grade, Jim Lehman was himself an accomplished astronomer and was operating the Spitz projector in the planetarium at Eastern Mennonite College in Harrisonburg, Virginia for school groups. As an eighth grader he assembled a color television, completing it just in time for the Apollo 11 moon landing. Jim has since made a career of bringing his passion for space, science and math to the region’s school children. Jim began his teaching career in Hanover County, before moving to Mills

Godwin High School in Henrico where he taught physics and astronomy and advised an awardwinning student astronomy club. Since 2008 Jim has been an instructor at the MathScience Innovation Center (see below), teaching physics, environmental science, and nanotechnology to students from eight area school systems. Jim has received numerous awards for excellence in teaching, including a GTE Gift Grant, and has been a Virginia finalist for the Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching, and a two-time recipient of the R.E.B. award for teaching.These awards have allowed Jim to hike to Base Camp at Mount Everest, ride his bicycle across the U.S., and travel to the Greek Isles to view a solar eclipse, each time bringing the experience back to his students. Jim lives with his wife and two children in Richmond.

The MathScience Innovation Center is the leader of K-12 math and science education for eight Central Virginia school divisions: Chesterfield, Colonial Heights, Hanover, Henrico, KingWilliam, Petersburg, Powhatan and Richmond Public Schools. For 43 years, the MSIC has served as the capacity building workforce program for K-12 educators and students and provided expanded opportunities to learn about emerging fields (fractal geometry, engineering, nanotechnology, environmental modeling) and effective ways to integrate these studies within the curriculum. Annually, the MSIC serves approximately 150,000 people through its face-to-face programs and over 1,000,000 people through its virtual resources.

The MSIC is governed by a 19-member board consisting of division superintendents, school board members, and members-at-large. Goals of the MSIC include: promoting systemic and long-term change using regional infrastructure that develops curriculum strands, trains teachers, and maximizes resources; linking futuristic topics to Virginia’s Standards of Learning for the 141 elementary, 46 middle and 37 high schools within their central Virginia membership; deepening educators’ content knowledge and developing pedagogical knowledge needed to impact student achievement; and, providing readyto-use models and materials for educators to immediately use in their classrooms and share with others at their school.

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Jim Lehman


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We are grateful to Dr. & Mrs. W. Baxter Perkinson, Jr. for their financial support for this educational program.

Based in Richmond, The American Youth Harp Ensemble (AYHE) continues to dazzle audiences around the world as America’s premier youth harp ensemble, well known for their musical sophistication, rich sound, emotional power, and imaginative programming of repertoire. The AYHE has brought world-class music to enthusiastic audiences in the U.S. and abroad through hundreds of performances,recordings,and television and radio features.With 14 national and international tours to their credit since 1999, the AYHE made its international debut performing in the Maastricht Music Festival (Netherlands). It has had other notable performances at the Edinburgh Festival (Scotland), the Paris Music Festival and Salle Gaveau (France), Salla Puccini (Milan), the United Nations (NY), the Kennedy Center, the 34th and 38th American Harp Society National Conferences, the Association for Music Personnel in Public Radio National Conference, and Carnegie Hall (2001 and 2007). Earlier this year, the Ensemble performed in the London Festival of Music (England). The AYHE has upcoming

invitations to Japan (2010) and Carnegie Hall (2012). The AYHE has been featured in two PBS specials including a holiday special and, most recently, The American Youth Harp Ensemble: Defying the Limits. Unique in the nation, the American Youth Harp Ensemble programs, comprised of four performance ensembles and seven outreach programs, serve approximately 200 elementary and secondary students with conservatory level instruction, therapeutic music instruction, community service and performance opportunities. Founded and directed by Lynnelle Ediger-Kordzaia, the AYHE has received national recognition for outstanding educational and artistic achievement. ( Tonight’s musical performance is made possible by the generous support of Moore Cadillac Company.

Student Viewing Room There are nearly 100 more students than usual with us tonight thanks to your generous support of the Ralph F. Krueger, Jr. Memorial Fund. Created in honor of the founder of The Richmond Forum, the Krueger Fund makes it possible for area middle and high school students to see world-class speakers. Tonight, we are testing a satellite Student Viewing Room here in the theater. Our guests are members of the Godwin High School Astronomy Club, as well as members of a

number of area Boy Scout troops that have recently been focused on astronomy. The student viewing room is equipped with its own large video screen and sound system and Dr. Tyson will be paying a visit to the students there this evening. If this pilot program proves successful, we hope to expand it to accommodate additional students for future programs. Thank you for making this student opportunity possible with your donation!

tonight ’s musicians

American Youth Harp Ensemble

Since our last program in April, The Richmond Forum lost two dear friends, both much too young. Each generously gave his time, talents, and expertise to this organization.

Henry S. Fine “Henry Fine told his last joke on August 25, 2009.” Henry was a beloved member of The Richmond Forum Board of Directors, most recently serving as our Treasurer. Henry brought his smile, sense of humor, and clarity to every board meeting and his passion for The Richmond Forum was evident to all. He could always be counted on for a well-timed laugh and for razor sharp good sense. One of his favorite quotes was “In the land of the blind, a one-eyed man is king.” Henry was born with one eye, one good ear, and a truly good heart. In addition to his work with The Forum, Henry served on the board of The Autism Society of Central Virginia. Henry is survived by his wife and fellow Forum fan, Karin Epstein Fine; two children, Kevin and Allison Fine; and his parents, Jack and Bea Fine, who are also longtime Forum subscribers. We miss having Henry here tonight.

Todd I. Pankoff Few have contributed as much to the success of The Richmond Forum as Todd Pankoff. From 1989 to 2005, Todd produced over 75 Richmond Forum programs. He did it all as a volunteer, even though he made his living as a professional producer. Todd called all the shots back stage, making sure the speakers were in the wings ready to go, calling lighting and audio cues, making sure every program rolled like clockwork. He was also integrally involved in the look of the programs, from the stage design to the production of The Forum’s first opening video. Todd passed away on May 12th, after a long illness. Before his death, the Board of Directors of The Forum passed a resolution honoring his years of service and “invaluable and lasting contributions to The Richmond Forum.” Todd is survived by his son, Alexander Pankoff; his mother, Gretchen Pankoff of California; three brothers; and by his best friend and fellow Forum volunteer, Mary Millet.

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Š Altria Group, Inc. 2009

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Coming to Our Senses By Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson

Our eyes are special detectors. They allow us to register information not only from across the room but from across the universe. Without vision, the science of astronomy would never have been born and our capacity to measure our place in the universe would have been hopelessly stunted. Think of bats. Whatever bat secrets gets passed from one generation to the next, you can bet that none of them are based on the appearance of the night sky. When thought of as an ensemble of experimental tools, our collective senses enjoy an astonishing acuity and range of sensitivity. Our ears can register the thunderous launch of the space shuttle, yet they can also hear a mosquito buzzing a foot away from our head. Our sense of touch allows us to feel the magnitude of a bowling ball dropped on our big toe, just as we can tell when a one-milligram bug crawls along our arm. Some people enjoy munching

on habanero peppers while sensitive tongues can identify the presence of food flavors on the level of parts per million. And our eyes can register the bright sandy terrain on a sunny beach, yet these same eyes have no trouble spotting a lone match, freshly lit, hundreds of feet across a darkened auditorium. Before we get carried away in praise of ourselves, note that what we gain in breadth, we lose in precision because we register the world’s stimuli in logarithmic rather than linear increments. For example, if you increase the energy of a sound’s volume by a factor of ten, your ears will judge this change to be rather small. Increase it by a factor of two and you will barely take notice. The same holds for our capacity to measure light. If you have ever viewed a total solar eclipse you may have noticed that the Sun’s disk must be at least ninety percent covered by the Moon before

book e xcerpt

Equipped with his five senses, man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure “science.” — Edwin P. Hubble, 1948

book e xcerpt (continued)

anybody comments that the sky has darkened. The stellar magnitude scale of brightness, the well-known acoustic decibel scale, and the seismic scale for earthquake severity are each logarithmic in part because of our biological propensity to see, hear, and feel the world that way. What, if anything, lies beyond our senses? Does there exist a way of knowing that transcends our biological interfaces with the environment? Consider that the human machine, while good at decoding the basics of our immediate environment—like when it’s day or night or when a creature is about to eat you—has very little talent for decoding how the rest of nature works without the tools of science. If we want to know what’s out there then we require detectors other than the one’s we are born with. In nearly every case, the job of a scientific apparatus is to transcend the breadth and depth of our senses. Some people boast of having a sixth sense, where they profess to know or see things that others cannot. Fortune-tellers, mind readers, and mystics are at the top of this list of those who lay claim to mysterious powers. In so doing, they instill widespread fascination in others, especially book publishers and television producers. The questionable field of parapsychology is founded on the expectation that at least some people actually harbor this talent. To me, the biggest mystery of them all is why so many fortune-telling psychics chose to work the phones on TV hotlines instead of becoming insanely wealthy trading futures contracts on Wall Street. Quite independent of this profound mystery, the persistent failures of controlled, double-blind experiments to support the claims of parapsychology suggest that what’s going on

is non-sense rather than sixth-sense. On the other hand, modern science wields dozens of senses. And scientists do not claim these to be the expression of special powers, just special hardware. In the end, of course, the hardware converts the information gleaned from these extra senses into simple tables, charts, diagrams, or images that our inborn senses can interpret. In the original Star Trek sci-fi series, the crew that beamed down from their starship to the uncharted planet always brought with them a tricorder, which was a hand-held device that could analyze anything they encountered, living or inanimate, for its basic properties. As you waved the tricorder over the object-inquestion it made an audible spacey sound that was interpreted by the user. Suppose a glowing blob of some unknown substance were parked right in front of you. Without some diagnostic tool like a tricorder to help, humans would be clueless of the blob’s chemical or nuclear composition. Nor could we know whether it has an electromagnetic field, or whether it emits strongly in gamma rays, x-rays, ultraviolet, microwaves or radio waves. Nor could we determine the blob’s cellular or crystalline structure. If the blob were far out in space, appearing as an unresolved point of light in the sky, our five senses would offer us no insight to its distance, velocity though space, or its rate of rotation. We further would have no capacity to see the spectrum of colors that compose its emitted light, nor could we know whether the light is polarized. Without hardware to help our analysis, and without a particular urge to lick the stuff, all you can report back to the starship is, “Captain, it’s a blob.” Apologies to Edwin P. Hubble, but his opening remark, while poignant and poetic, should have instead been:

And if we were born with big eyes and built-in Doppler motion detectors, we would have seen immediately, even as grunting troglodytes, that the entire universe is expanding—all distant galaxies are receding from us. If our eyes had the resolution of highperformance microscopes, nobody would have ever blamed the plague and other sicknesses on divine wrath. The bacteria and viruses that made you sick would be in plain view as they crawled on your food or as they slid through open wounds in your skin. With simple experiments, you could easily tell which of these bugs were bad and which were good. And of course post-operative infection problems would have been identified and solved hundreds of years earlier. If we could detect high-energy particles, we would spot radioactive substances from great distances. No Geiger counters necessary. You could even watch radon gas seep through the basement floor of your home and not have to pay somebody to tell you about it. The honing of our senses from birth through childhood allows us as adults to pass judgment on events and phenomena in our lives, declaring whether or not they “make sense.” Problem is, hardly any scientific discoveries of the past century flowed from the direct application of our five senses. They flowed instead from the direct application of sensetranscendent mathematics and hardware. This simple fact is entirely responsible for why, to the average person, relativity, particle physics, and ten-dimensional string theory make no sense. Include in the list black holes, wormholes, and the big bang. Actually, these ideas don’t make much sense to scientists either, until we have explored the universe for a long time with all senses that are technologically available. What

book e xcerpt (continued)

Equipped with our five senses, along with telescopes and microscopes and mass spectrometers and seismographs and magnetometers and particle accelerators and detectors across the electromagnetic spectrum, we explore the universe around us and call the adventure science. Think of how much richer the world would appear to us and how much earlier the nature of the universe would have been discovered if we were born with high-precision, tunable eyeballs. Dial up the radio wave part of the spectrum and the daytime sky falls as dark as night, except for some choice locations. Our galaxy’s center is one of the brightest spots on the sky and is located behind some of the principal stars of the constellation Sagittarius. Tune into microwaves and the entire universe is aglow with a remnant from the early universe, a wall of light set forth 300,000 years after the big bang. Tune into x-rays and the locations of black holes, with matter spiraling into them, are spotted immediately.Tune into gamma rays and see titanic explosions scattered throughout the universe at a rate of about one per day. Watch the effect of the explosion on the surrounding material is it heats up and glows in other bands of light. If we were born with magnetic detectors, the compass would never have been invented because we wouldn’t ever need one. Just tune into Earth’s magnetic field lines and the direction of magnetic North looms like Oz beyond the horizon. If we had spectrum analyzers within our retinas, we would not have to wonder what was in the air we were breathing. We could just look at it and know whether or not it contained sufficient oxygen to sustain human life. And we would have learned thousands of years ago that the stars and nebulae in the galaxy contain the same chemical elements found here on Earth.

book e xcerpt (continued)

emerges, eventually, is a newer and higher level of “common sense” that enables a scientist to think creatively and to pass judgment in the unfamiliar underworld of the atom or in the mind-bending domain of higher dimensional space.The twentieth-century German physicist Max Planck made a similar observation about the discovery of quantum mechanics: Modern Physics impresses us particularly with the truth of the old doctrine which teaches that there are realities existing apart from our sense-perceptions, and that there are problems and conflicts where these realities are of greater value for us than the richest treasures of the world of experience. Our five senses even interfere with sensible answers to stupid metaphysical questions like,“If a tree falls in the forest and nobody is around to hear it, did it make a sound?” My best answer is, “How do you know it fell?” But that just gets people angry. So I offer a senseless analogy, “Q: If you can’t smell the carbon monoxide, then how do you know it’s there? A:You drop dead.” (Natural gas is also odorless to the human nose. For our protection, a pungent smell is added so that gas leaks can be safely identified and located.) In modern times, if the sole measure of what’s out there flows from your senses then a precarious life awaits you. Discovering new ways of knowing has always heralded new windows on the universe— new detectors we can add to our growing list of non-biological senses. Whenever this happens, a new level of majesty and complexity in the universe reveals itself to us, as though we were technologically evolving into super-sentient beings, always coming to our senses. Reprinted with the permission of Neil deGrasse Tyson. Excerpted from “Death by Black Hole and Other Cosmic Quandaries,” (W.W. Norton & Company, 2007), pp. 25-30.

Four Great Ways to Stargaze Science Museum of Virginia Planetarium LiveSky programs occur the third Friday of every month and take participants on a guided tour of the current night sky. There is an opportunity to ask questions and make requests of the astronomer host. Contact the Science Museum of Virginia for exact times and costs (804) 864-1400 or Keeble Observatory The Keeble Observatory is a teaching laboratory of the Physics Department at Randolph-Macon College in Ashland. Weekly public viewing sessions are held (weather permitting) during the academic year. For information on viewing conditions and times, contact the Keeble Observatory: (804) 752-3210, ext. 5578, or Professor George Spagna, (804) 752-7344. Richmond Astronomical Society Founded in 1949, the Richmond Astronomical Society (RAS) owns an observatory—the Ragland Observatory—with a seven-inch refractor telescope for the use of qualified members. RAS also works closely with the Science Museum of Virginia in sponsoring special sky watches and Astronomy Day programs. For more information, visit www. Galaxy Zoo Help astronomers explore the Universe from the comfort of your own home. Amateurs around the world are helping to classify millions of galaxies according to their shapes — a task at which your brain is better than even the fastest computer.

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previous program

Marion Nestle and Michael Pollan at The Richmond Forum April 18, 2009 Tim Butturini (l), Regional President for Greater Virginia, Wachovia, a Wells Fargo Corporation, our Host Patron for the evening, welcomed Marion Nestle and Michael Pollan to Richmond.

William P. Kotti, Ph.D. (l to r), President, Medical College of Virginia Foundation, a Producer Patron for the evening with VCU Medical Center, Michelle Kotti, Laura and Dabney Carr, enjoyed dinner at the Omni Richmond Hotel.

Todd P. Haymore, Commissioner, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS), greeted Forum patrons at the Farmersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Market in the ballroom at the Landmark Theater.

Lucy Kilpatrick (piano) and Richmond singer/songwriter Susan Greenbaum serenaded the audience with a tasty selection of songs about food.

Nicole and Matt White (left), with Chris and Laura Webb, were guests of PricewaterhouseCoopers, a Producer Patron for the evening.

previous program

Marion Nestle (l to r), Marjorie Grier, Director, Corporate Philanthropy, Dominion, Lead Patron for the evening, with Robert M. Blue, Senior Vice President, Public Policy & Corporate Communications, Dominion, and Liz Blue. Michael Pollan and Marion Nestle were deep in conversation at the Farmersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Market before the program.

Marion Nestle and Michael Pollan shared their expertise and research about food production and consumption in the U.S. with the audience.

Marion Nestle shared a moment with Fay G. Lohr, President, Feed More, Inc., at the reception.

Carolyn Peterson (l to r), Charles Green, VDACS Director of Marketing, Fay G. Lohr, Pamela Miles, VDACS Office of Dairy and Foods, at the reception.

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Executive Committee

Judith W. Pahren Chair Capital One Bruce Kelley Vice Chair Program Committee Chair The Martin Agency Jacques J. Moore, Jr., Immediate Past Chair Moore Cadillac Company W. Jefferson O’Flaherty Treasurer Xenith Bank Henry S. Fine* Treasurer Northwestern Mutual Financial Network H. Michael Ligon Secretary Universal Leaf Tobacco Co.

Douglas M. Nabhan Vice Chair, Legal Affairs Williams Mullen Gail W. Johnson, RN, MS Governance Committee Chair Rainbow Station Douglas A. Nunn Investment Committee Chair The Trust Company of Virginia Gregory Hillman Member at Large IBM Corporation

James A. Buzzard MWV

Lyn McDermid Dominion

Richard J. Farrell Cushing Manufacturing Company

Linda Powell Pruitt Leadership Metro Richmond

Thomas E. duB. (“Ted”) Fauls Troutman Sanders LLP Susan Greenbaum Recording Artist and Songwriter Susan Hardwicke, Ph.D. VABION LLC

Samuel D. Barham III Richmond Public Schools, retired

Todd P. Haymore Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

Tim Barnett Barnett’s Hallmark Shops

Kathleen Maccio Holman Davenport & Company LLP

Michael G. Bland B&B Printing

Michael S. Laming Genworth Financial, Inc.


*Deceased, August 25, 2009

Timothy D. Smith LCOR, Incorporated Linda M. Warren Altria Group, Inc. Richard T. Wilson III RBC Dain Rauscher, retired Advisory Board

Carolyn B. Bush County of Henrico Felicia Cosby City of Richmond Kathy Graziano Richmond City Council Carolyn P. Henly County of Chesterfield Scot L. Morris RBC Wealth Management John Sherman, Jr.

Production Team & Staff Production

John Carter Hailey Stage Manager Susan Senita Bradshaw Assistant Stage Manager Thomas J. O’Donnell, Jr. House Manager William Willersdorf Assistant House Manager David Crank Set Designer Robert Clayton Danny Houser Jonathan D. Sachs Sound Engineers Leo Cecil Master Technician Chuck Jones John McGee Chris Muir Nathan Murray Ken Swann Visual Aids Electronics

Bob Thagard fuel creative, inc. circle S studio Carlos Chafin Composer In Your Ear Matthew Costello Voiceover Talent Audrey M. Booth Theater Manager Joe Yarbrough Theater Operations Manager


Michael G. Bland Greg Frazee Allison Herbert Print Directors Ed Jones Copywriter Angelo Minor Action Photo Bill Chapman Dee Raubenstine Editors

Steve Sweet Technical Director

circle S studio

Tim Posey Assistant Technical Director

Jan Benesh Zel Boley Donna Raubenstine

Lt. Robert C. Marland Transportation and Security Coordinator


Question Sorters

Samuel D. Barham, III Tim Barnett Paula I. Otto Dan Timberlake


Bill Chapman Executive Director Deborah S. Mangolas Office and Ticket Sales Manager Dee A. Raubenstine Director of Development and Public Affairs Heidi Powell Thompson Community Outreach and Marketing Manager (804) 330-3993

bo ad r d& osft adfifr e c t o r s , p r o d u c t i o n a n d s t a f f bo ar

2009-2010 Board of Directors

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Reputations are built.

The blueprint for success can be found in this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Forum speakers. Commitment. Professionalism. And the determination to go beyond the expected.

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Lead Patron Altria Group, Inc. Davenport & Company LLC Dominion Resources Dominion Digital Genworth Financial, Inc. Host Patron B&B Printing Comcast Metro Richmond Owens & Minor Troutman Sanders LLP Producer Patron Capital One circle S studio Covington International Travel Hourigan Construction IBM Corporation Longwood University PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP Radford University The Trust Company of Virginia Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Inc. VCU Medical Center Wachovia, a Wells Fargo Corporation Educational Patron Dr. & Mrs. W. Baxter Perkinson, Jr. Trinity Episcopal School Media Patron Community Idea Stations WCVE-WHTJ-WCVW-88.9FM Music Patron Moore Cadillac Company Transportation Patron WINN Transportation Municipalities City of Richmond County of Chesterfield County of Henrico Sponsor Alfa Laval Inc. BB&T Bon Secours Richmond Health System Buckingham Greenery, Inc. CapTech Ventures, Inc. City & Guilds Craigie & Craigie Hirschler Fleischer Hospital Hospitality House McKinney and Company

Media General, Inc. Morgan Stanley Smith Barney Bart Nasta Judy & Dave Pahren PartnerMD Rainbow Station RBC Wealth Management Right Management SunTrust Bank U.S. Trust, Bank of America Private Wealth Management Verizon Communications Watson Wyatt Williams Mullen Dianne & Ken Wright Foundation Contributor Actuarial Benefits & Design Amanda & Farhad Aghdami Anonymous Biegler & Associates, PC Chubb Insurance Cushing Manufacturing Company DSC Logistics Endeavor Capital, LLC H & H Grandis Properties Hunton & Williams, LLP In Your Ear Invincia Insurance Solutions Markel Corporation Mercer, Inc. MWV Osage Bio Energy Party Plus Randolph-Macon College Swedish Match Friend Ralph & Judy Anderson Mr. & Mrs. Roger Boevé The Brink’s Company Mrs. Wilson M. Brown, Jr. fuel creative, inc. Mary Beth Hamlin & James Shannon Torry & Jil Hoover Trisha Krause, DMD, MS and Sanjay Bhagchandani, DMD Endodontics Mr. & Mrs. Robert Mann The Martin Agency Lyn McDermid Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia Perspectives, Inc. Dr. Dianne Reynolds-Cane Sigma National, Inc.

Timothy Smith & Mary Ellen Pauli Claiborne & Ann Terry Craig & Annhorner Truitt James & Vanessa Wigand

Supporter Mr. José Alfaro Mr. & Mrs. Tommy Baer Mr. William Black Kenneth C. Blaisdell & Sherryn Stauffer Mr. & Mrs. Joseph H. Brower Linda & Dale Cannady Mr. Jeff Chapman Kevin & Sheila Clasbey Mr. Howard Cobb Mr. Bob Cody Dr. Harold M. Cruse, DDS Mrs. Creed S. Davis Richard & Mary Beth Deutsch Jack & Nita Enoch Mr. Joseph Farrell Mr. William R. Fields Mr. & Mrs. Robert B. Giles Mr. A. William Hamill The Honorable & Mrs. Todd P. Haymore Pam & Joe Hazel Mr. Jay Holloway Mr. & Mrs. Gary C. Hudson Ms. Bonnie Hunt Ms. Louise Jackson Dr. Bernice Latham Mr. & Mrs. Richard B. Lewis Porter Realty Company Mr. Myron H. Reinhart Riggers, Inc. Michael & Linda Rigsby Mr. Eric Samuelson Mr. Rick Schofield Leslie Stack & Frank Rizzo Mr. Geoff Stiff Dr. & Mrs. Ken Stoner Gary & Pat Sullivan VABION LLC VAMAC, Inc. Dr. & Mrs. Douglas A. Wayne Mr. Eric White Dick & Marty Wilson Season Lineup Contributor Randolph-Macon College The Ralph F. Krueger Jr. Memorial Fund

Thank you for your support!


2009-2010 Patrons

Proud to Support The Richmond Forum


Leadership* A business leader of today supporting the ones of tomorrow. PricewaterhouseCoopers is a proud supporter of The Richmond Forum.

My mom’s smarter than your mom. She knows to call Covington International Travel when planning our vacation, saving time and money...for me!

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And—my mom loves and supports “The Richmond Forum.” *connectedthinking © 2009 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. All rights reserved. “PricewaterhouseCoopers” refers to PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP or, as the context requires, the PricewaterhouseCoopers global network or other member firms of the network, each of which is a separate and independent legal entity. *connectedthinking is a trademark of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (US). DC 10-0045. Rr.

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Trinity Episcopal School advocates service to one’s community as an important aspect of individual character development and as an essential element in the creation of a strong community. These Trinity students, selected from the School’s Honor Roll, serve as ushers for The Richmond Forum this season. Through their service, the students facilitate an exchange of ideas that broadens our understanding of the trends and issues shaping our lives and our community. Molly Banta Caroline G. Barnes George Blackwell Bridgforth D. Patrick Brown Lauren O. Camden Christopher W. E. Cantone Meagan J. Carter Timothy M. Chester Ann Eckmann Matt Elgin V. Bailey Enochs Michael S. Gibbons

Laura A. Godwin Elisabeth S. S. Greenwood Benjamin J. Gross Olivia D. Hairfield James M. Harkins Hayden E. Hodges J. Anderson Johnson Iqra Kapadia Elizabeth B. Kinton Coleman T. Larrabee Gabriela M. Larus Amy Linderman

is pleased to support

The Richmond Forum

Mary Virginia Long Nicholas J. Markunas Ann S. Mauck Taylor S. McClain Cassie A. Pegram Deanna C. Pelkey Eva Ravenal Thomas Lee Rice Marysia Kolbe Rieder David A. Robertson M. Alexandra Schreck Guy S. Shelby

Tate B. Shelby Sarah L. Spencer Jordan A. Stokes Madeline Y. Stokes Alexandra J. Valentine George Lee Wilkinson Jeffrey C. Willis Sarah McDermott, Advisor Robert Patterson, Advisor Lee Sprague, Advisor

We are proud to sponsor The Richmond Forum.

for more information on Williams Mullen, please contact

Douglas M. Nabhan


A Professional Corporation


U.S. Trust, Bank of America Private Wealth Management operates through Bank of America, N.A. and other subsidiaries of Bank of America Corporation. Bank of America, N.A., Member FDIC. © 2009 Bank of America Corporation. All rights reserved. UST-158

student ushers

Trinity Episcopal School Student Ushers


730-( &%2/

730-( City & Guilds offers integrated development, design and general contracting services in the fields of adaptive re-use and urban redevelopment. 804 249 4644 CityAndGuildsBuilders.Com

Helping you get and stay on solid ground.

SunTrust Bank, Member FDIC. Š2008 SunTrust Banks, Inc. SunTrust is a federally registered service mark of SunTrust Banks, Inc. Live Solid. Bank Solid.SM is a service mark of SunTrust Banks, Inc.

The Dianne and Ken Wright Foundation is proud to support one of the top cancer treatment centers in America. The Mission of The Massey Cancer Center is to serve the Commonwealth of Virginia as an internationally recognized institute of clinical, educational and research excellence dedicated to improving the quality of human life through the prevention, control and cure of cancer.

(804) 828-6284





Discover one

of the nation’s best hospitals right here in Richmond. U.S. News recognized us for excellence in four categories of care, marking a true Red Letter Day not only for VCU Medical Center, but for all of Virginia. It’s another affirmation that we’re making a difference in the lives and health of everyone we serve, every day.

Dr. Todd Gehr, Chair Nephrology

Dr. David Cifu, Chair Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Dr. Robert Adelaar, Chair Orthopaedic Surgery

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CapTech is a proud sponsor of The Richmond Forum 804.355.0511

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Light-Years Ahead of the Rest...

Rainbow Station

proudly celebrates 20 years of

“Building The Future, One Child At A Time”


HANOVER 804/730-1010

CHESTERFIELD 804/272-0641

We are proud to support community discussion of issues and events



1:14:34 PM

Did you know? There is a financial services firm in your backyard with a world of resources at its fingertips. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

Investment Analysis Retirement Planning Tax-Exempt Investment Strategies Charitable Giving Strategies Estate Analysis and Strategies

Scot L. Morris, Sr. Vice President – Financial Consultant Richmond Office %AST-AIN3TREET 3UITEs2ICHMOND 6!   s  

RBC Wealth Management does not provide tax or legal advice. All decisions regarding the tax or legal implications of your investments should be made in connection with your independent tax or legal advisor. © 2009 RBC Wealth Management, a division of RBC Capital Markets Corporation, Member NYSE/FINRA/SIPC.

Look around, start counting. In less than a month, Hospital Hospitality House provides lodging and non-medical services for more guests than are attending The Richmond Forum this evening. In fact, HHH provides a home away from home for about 160 patients and family members each night, 4,800 each month, that are visiting Richmond for medical care at area hospitals. They count on HHH. Can we count on you to help?

804 . 828 .6901

pa st speakers

Past Speakers 1987 January February March April

Ted Koppel “Iran: Yesterday and Today” Hodding Carter, Paul Duke and Larry Speakes Diane Sawyer with General Brent Scowcroft Charles Kuralt

1994 November January February March April

“America in the Year 2000” Lamar Alexander, Marvin Cetron, Senator Warren Rudman and Chris Wallace Louis Rukeyser with Frank Cappiello and Michael Holland President George H. W. Bush Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross Bob Newhart

1988 January February March April

Oprah Winfrey George Will “The Cold War – Will it Thaw?” Marvin Kalb, Jeane Kirkpatrick and Vladimir Pozner Art Buchwald

1995 November January February March April

General Colin Powell Walter Cronkite with Judy Woodruff Dave Barry Tom Clancy Jack Kemp and Senator George Mitchell

1989 January February March April

Sam Donaldson John Chancellor and Henry Kissinger “Should Drugs be Legalized?” William Buckley and Charles Rangel Dr. Carl Sagan

1996 November January February March April

Ambassador Carla Hills and Prime Minister Brian Mulroney “Space and Flight: The First & Last Men on the Moon” Neil Armstrong, Capt. Eugene Cernan, David Hartman and Dick Rutan Calvin Trillin Charles Kuralt “The Presidency, The Press and The People” Ed Bradley, David Gergen, Pierre Salinger, Sheila Tate and Bob Woodward

1990 January February March April

Paul Duke, Howard Fineman and Charles McDowell “Perspectives – From Right to Left” Frank Carlucci, Bettina Gregory, George McGovern, William Proxmire and William Rusher Mike Wallace Alistair Cooke

1997 November January February March April

Dick Cavett and Carl Reiner Ray Brady with Paul A. Volcker “To Preserve and Protect: The Story of the American Presidency” Doris Kearns Goodwin and David McCullough Sir David Frost interviews Andrew Lloyd Webber “The Legal System in America” Marcia Clark, Philip K. Howard, Prof. Arthur Miller, Dr. Rodney Smolla and The Hon. Kym Worthy

1991 October January February March April

Chancellor Helmut Schmidt “Crisis in the Persian Gulf” Admiral William Crowe, General Alexander Haig, Robert McFarlane and Edwin Newman H. Ross Perot Art Buchwald and Andy Rooney “Space and Beyond” James Burke, Dr. Frank Drake and James Lovell Barbara Walters Margaret Thatcher Larry King with General Norman Schwarzkopf “DNA: From Catching Criminals to Constructing Dinosaurs” Patricia Cornwell, Dr. Victor McKusick and Dr. Marc Micozzi Mark Russell

1998 November January February March April

Bill Moyers Wynton Marsalis Prime Minister Shimon Peres and Dan Raviv Mary Tyler Moore Peter Lynch

1992 October January February March April

1999 November January February March April

Rt. Hon. John Major Robert S. Bennett and Dr. William J. Bennett with Tim Russert Harry S. Dent, Jr. and Lou Dobbs Lily Tomlin Dr. Robert Ballard and Jean-Michel Cousteau

1993 October January February March April

Terry Anderson “Japanese/American Trade Debate” with Hiroki Kato and T. Boone Pickens Dr. Joyce Brothers Bill Cosby Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev with Cokie Roberts

2000 November January February March April

Julie Andrews with Catherine Crier “The Century” Todd Brewster and Peter Jennings “Technology and the New Marketplace” Ray Brady, Michael Connors and John Krubski Archbishop Desmond Tutu James Carville and Newt Gingrich with Tim Russert

Senator John Glenn Tom Brokaw Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu with Daniel Schorr Frank McCourt Dr. William Kelso

2002 November January February March April

Hal Holbrook in “Mark Twain Tonight!” Rabbi Marc Gellman and Msgr. Thomas Hartman Dick Clark Doris Kearns Goodwin and David McCullough The Hon. Madeleine K. Albright and The Hon. James A. Baker III with Gwen Ifill

2003 November January February March April

Ken Burns The Hon. Rudolph W. Giuliani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and Her Majesty Queen Noor with Gwen Ifill FBI Director Louis Freeh Senator Fred Thompson

2004 November January February March April

Cal Ripken, Jr. Robert Shiller and Jeremy Siegel with Geoff Colvin Candice Bergen Rt. Hon. Mary Robinson Thomas L. Friedman

2005 November January February March April

General Tommy Franks Michael Beschloss and Walter Isaacson Tim Russert Fareed Zakaria Frank Gehry

2006 ovember N January February March April

Robert Redford Sherry Lansing General Colin Powell Tom Wolfe Rick Wagoner with Geoff Colvin

2007 November January February March April

Burt Rutan Malcolm Gladwell and Alvin Toffler B.B. King Jim Lehrer Dr. Jared Diamond

2008 November January February March April

President Vicente Fox Carly Fiorina Michael Douglas with Jeffrey Brown Dr. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. David Brooks

2009 November January February March April

Rt. Hon. Tony Blair Reza Aslan and Jon Meacham Smokey Robinson with Daphne Maxwell Reid Terry Bradshaw and Howie Long Marion Nestle and Michael Pollan

2010 ovember N January February March April

Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson Greg Mortenson David Plouffe Steve Forbes Condoleezza Rice

Learn More. Chime In! The Richmond Forum blog is the place to stay in touch with what’s happening at The Forum and with Forum speakers, past and present. You’ll find links of interest and recommended reading to help you prepare for our programs, plus photos, links, and videos posted after each program. Or you can become a fan of The Richmond Forum on Facebook and connect with other subscribers and chime in with your thoughts about tonight’s program. Become a part of the growing online Richmond Forum community to further enhance your Forum experience.

pa st speakers

2001 November January February March April

Following a failed attempt to climb the highest peak in Pakistan in 1993, an exhausted Mortenson was taken in by the residents of a small village. To repay their kindness, he promised to return to build a school for their children, even though he would be sleeping in his car upon his return to the States. Today, he has built over 100 schools in the most remote and volatile areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan, at great risk to his own personal safety. Greg will share his inspirational story, made famous in Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Mission to Promote Peace…One School at a Time, which has become both a best seller and a State Department must-read. Mortenson’s much anticipated follow-up book, Stones into Schools: Promoting Peace with Books, Not Bombs, in Afghanistan and Pakistan is scheduled for release on December 1st.

Coming to The Richmond Forum January 9, 2010 Greg Mortenson One Person Can Change the World.

February 6, 2010 David Plouffe

March 6, 2010 Steve Forbes

April 10, 2010 Condoleezza Rice

For Single Ticket Availability, Call 330-3993.

Connecting Richmond to the World.

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Neil deGrasse Tyson at The Richmond Forum  

Program book from the November 14, 2009 appearance of Neil deGrasse Tyson at The Richmond Forum