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Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Maajid Nawaz & Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf November 16, 2013


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letter from the e xecutive director

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Executive Director Welcome to the 28th season of The Richmond Forum! We’re excited to have you with us for what promises to be another very engaging season. Last April, just two days after we announced tonight’s program topic, two bombs exploded at the Boston Marathon. When the perpetrators were revealed to be two Muslim brothers, the very nature of Islam once again became the focus of an ongoing debate in America. The question we ask tonight reflects the core of this debate: Is Islam a religion of violence or peace? For most Americans, our knowledge of Islam is far more likely to come from global headlines than from direct interaction with practicing Muslims in our own community. (Muslims make up about 24% of the world’s population, but comprise only about 1% of the U.S. population.) Additionally, while most of us understand that fanaticism can be found at the extremes of any faith system, we continue to ask if something inherent in Islam makes it more susceptible to these extremes and to the headline-grabbing acts of violence and terror committed in the name of the world’s secondlargest religion. Some minds are already made up. A few of our subscribers donated their tickets back tonight because they “already know the answer” to our question. But overwhelmingly, genuine interest in tonight’s topic has been extremely high, and you have expressed your appreciation for the opportunity to learn more about Islam. Many of you read our panelists’ books over the summer. Some of you got together in groups to discuss them. Some of you even dropped by our office to discuss them with us. All of this is really wonderful.

In addition, we recently reviewed a large number of essays written by high school juniors from around the region. These students were asked to write about the 2013-2014 Richmond Forum program that most interested them; easily two-thirds of those essays were written about tonight’s program. As is our practice, tonight’s discussion is global in nature. Our panelists’ experiences span the globe, from Somalia to Saudi Arabia to Ethiopia to Great Britain to Pakistan to Egypt to the United States. But how does what we will hear tonight relate to the Muslim communities right here in Richmond? On Thursday night, WCVE TV will broadcast tonight’s program at 9:00 PM, followed by a locally-focused discussion (at about 10:40 PM) with Imam Ammar Ammonette of the Islamic Center of Virginia. He will be joined by two other leaders of Richmond’s interfaith community, Rabbi Ben Romer of Congregation Or Ami, and the Reverend Dr. Bill Sachs of St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church and the Center for Interfaith Reconciliation. We look forward to that dialogue and hope that you will tune in or set your DVR. Thanks, as always, for your support of The Richmond Forum. Bill Chapman bill@richmondforum.org

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Islam: A Religion of Violence or Peace? November 16, 2013

Opening program

The Saltanah Ensemble

National Anthem

Susan Greenbaum

Opening remarks

Bill Chapman Executive Director The Richmond Forum

Welcome and introduction of tonight’s panel

Panel Discussion

Thomas J. McInerney President & Chief Executive Officer Genworth Financial Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, and Maajid Nawaz, with John Donvan Fifteen-minute intermission for collection of audience questions

Remarks Audience Questions

Closing Remarks

Mr. Chapman Ms. Ali, Imam Rauf, and Mr. Nawaz, with Mr. Donvan Mr. Chapman

Tonight’s presentation may not be recorded or photographed by any means for any purpose. Please turn off all electronic devices during the program.

tonight ’s pr ogra m

Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, and Maajid Nawaz


Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a former Muslim, has gained an international following speaking and writing about what she believes to be the inherently violent nature of Islam and its subjugation and abuse of women. Ali was born in Mogadishu, Somalia in 1969. The daughter of a political opponent of the Somali dictatorship, she grew up in exile, moving from Saudi Arabia to Ethiopia to Kenya. She embraced Islam and strove to live as a devout Muslim, but over time she began to question aspects of her faith. One day, while listening to a sermon on the many ways women should be obedient to their husbands, she couldn’t resist asking, “Must our husbands obey us too?” In 1992, Ayaan was married off by her father to a distant cousin who lived in Canada. In order to escape this marriage, she fled to the Netherlands, where she was given asylum and, in time, citizenship. She learned Dutch and studied at the University of Leiden. Working as a translator for Somali immigrants, she saw firsthand the inconsistencies between liberal Western society and tribal Muslim cultures. After earning her M.A. in political science, Ayaan worked as a researcher for a Dutch Labor Party think tank and in 2003, she was elected to the Dutch parliament. While serving, she focused on furthering the integration of nonWestern immigrants into Dutch society and defending the rights of Muslim women. She campaigned to raise awareness of violence against women, including honor killings and female genital mutilation (FGM), practices that had followed the immigrants into Holland. (Ali herself was subjected to FGM as a child.) In her three years in government, she found her voice as an advocate for an “enlightened Islam.”

In 2004, she gained international attention following the murder of Theo van Gogh, director of Submission, Ali’s film about the oppression of women under Islam. The assassin, a radical Muslim, left a death threat for her pinned to van Gogh’s chest. In 2006, allegations that she had falsified her asylum application led to her resignation from Parliament and ultimately to her taking refuge in the United States, where she recently became a citizen. In 2007, she established the AHA Foundation to help protect and defend the rights of women in the West against fundamentalist Islam. Today, Ali also serves as a fellow with the Future of Diplomacy Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School and is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, researching the relationship between the West and Islam. Ayaan Hirsi Ali was named one of TIME Magazine’s “100 most influential people” of 2005 and is the author of The Caged Virgin and two bestselling memoirs, Infidel and Nomad.

Aya a n H irsi A l i

Ayaan Hirsi Ali


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Maajid Nawaz’s current work is informed by years spent in his youth as a leadership member of the global Islamist group Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT) and his gradual transformation towards liberal democratic values. Believing he was working for the cause of Islam, Nawaz dedicated thirteen years of his life to spreading an ideology that rejected democracy as apostasy and called for military coups in Muslim-majority countries in order to create a single expansionist caliphate, or Islamic state. Eventually, he was arrested in Egypt and sentenced to four years in jail for belonging to HT, which is banned in several countries. It was this time in jail—spent in reflection, study, and debate—which marked the beginning of his fundamental change. After gaining fluency in Arabic and actually studying Islam from its original sources, Nawaz came to realize how wrong his message had been. He also had the benefit of spending hours in prison debating his ideas with a variety of Muslim minds, including some of the world’s firstknown “jihadis” (people such as the assassins of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat) who had since renounced their extremist ideology and urged Nawaz to do the same. The more time that passed, the more convinced he became that extremism has no place in Islam and that the totalitarian ideology he had helped spread had hijacked the Islamic faith. Nawaz is now a leading critic of his former Islamist ideological dogma, while remaining a Muslim. He told the story of his radicalization and return in Radical, which Tony Blair called a book that “should be read by anyone who wants to understand how the extremism that stalks our world is created and how it can be overcome.”

Nawaz is the co-founder and chairman of Quilliam, a globally active think tank focusing on matters of integration, citizenship and identity, religious freedom, extremism, and immigration. He is also the founder of Khudi, a Pakistan-based social movement campaigning to entrench democratic culture among the nation’s youth. He has been profiled on 60 Minutes, spoken at the TED conference, and is a frequent panelist on AC360 on CNN. His essays have appeared in The London Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Guardian, and many other publications. As a British-Pakistani, Nawaz speaks English, Arabic, and Urdu, and holds a B.A. in Arabic and Law from SOAS, University of London, and a Masters in Political Theory from the London School of Economics. Nawaz lives in London and is a proud father to his young son. He is engaged to marry an American he met during a previous visit to the United States. He is currently running as a Liberal Democratic party candidate for a seat in Parliament.

m a a j id n awa z

Maajid Nawaz


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Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf is an American Muslim spiritual leader, acclaimed author, influential Muslim voice of moderation, and a proponent of the belief that Islam is a bedrock of tolerance. Rauf is the founder and chairman of the Cordoba Initiative, a multi-national, multi-faith organization dedicated to improving MuslimWest relations; countering Islamaphobia; elevating the discourse in America on Muslims while showing that Islam is pluralist, tolerant, and compassionate; and creating a space for the voices of moderation to flourish and be heard. In 1997, he also co-founded the American Society for Muslim Advancement. Imam Rauf is a regular speaker at the Council of Foreign Relations and the World Economic Forum (Davos) and is often consulted by heads of state for his expertise and innovative solutions in areas where conflict between Islamic and Western communities undermines local and global security. He is the author of five books, including What’s Right with Islam Is What’s Right with America and Moving the Mountain: A New Vision of Islam in America, as well as many scholarly articles, such as “Justification & Theory of Sharia Law: How the American Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights and Constitution Are Consistent with Islamic Jurisprudence.” Imam Rauf was listed as one of the Top 100 Global Thinkers of 2010 by Foreign Policy Magazine, and TIME Magazine included him on its list of the “100 most influential people in the world” in 2011. He is the recipient of numerous awards, including Arianna Huffington’s 2010 Game Changer Award and the 2012 Common Ground Award. Along with his wife, Daisy Khan, Rauf received the Eleanor Roosevelt

Human Rights Award presented by the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee in 2011. As the longtime imam of Masjid al-Farah, a mosque located in Lower Manhattan, Rauf preached a message of understanding between people of all faith traditions and, in 2009, first came to widespread national attention as the proponent of a controversial Islamic cultural center to be located two blocks from Ground Zero in New York City. Imam Rauf sits on the Board of Trustees of the Islamic Center of New York, serves as an advisor to the Interfaith Center of New York, and is a member of the World Economic Forum Council of 100 Leaders. He has appeared regularly on BBC, CNN, ABC, CBS, Fox News, Frontline, and in The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Huffington Post, The Daily Beast, and Foreign Policy. Born in Kuwait to Egyptian parents, Rauf was educated in England, Egypt, and Malaysia, and holds a Bachelor of Science in Physics from Columbia University in New York and a Master of Science in Plasma Physics from Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey.

im a m feisal abdul rauf

Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf


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John Donvan is a correspondent for ABC News, and host and moderator of the Intelligence Squared US debate series heard on NPR. He has served as ABC White House Correspondent, and has had postings in Moscow, London, Jerusalem, and Amman. Donvan can also be heard on NPR as a contributor and was a frequent substitute host of Talk of the Nation. He is a contributor for The Atlantic and the author of a book in progress on the history of autism. Donvan has won three Emmy Awards, several Overseas Press Club Awards, and two Cine Golden Eagles. He is a National Magazine

Award finalist and has also been honored by the National Association of Black Journalists, the Committee of 100, and the Media Action Network for Asian-Americans. Always looking for new challenges, Donvan completed a run of his first one-man show, Lose the Kid, at the Mead Theater in Washington, D.C. this fall. A magna cum laude g r a du a t e of Da r t mout h C ol le g e and the Columbia School of Journalism, Donvan and his wife, Dr. Ranit Mishori, live in Washington, D.C. and have a son, Ben, and a daughter, Noa.

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The Saltanah Ensemble, a group of musicians based in the Washington, D.C. area, has as its goal the preservation and presentation of traditional and popular Middle Eastern music. Instruments being played tonight include (clockwise from top left): Qanun - a type of zither with 76 strings in courses of three, plucked with two rectangular picks attached to the index f ingers with metal rings. Riqq - An Arabic tambourine. Ney - A bamboo flute. Dumbek a goblet-shaped hand drum, also know as the Egyptian tabla or darbuka. The Saltanah Ensemble performs at concerts, workshops, and festivals throughout the mid-Atlantic region. For more information, visit www.saltanah.com

tonight ’s musicians

The Saltanah Ensemble


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How apropos that tonight’s conversation about Islam takes place in the grand theater formerly known as the Mosque. (Known today as the Landmark Theater, and soon to be re-named the Altria Theater.) Built in 1926 as a home for gatherings of ACCA Temple members, commonly known as Shriners, the building was modeled after a lavish mosque. It remains the largest and most elaborate theater ever built in Richmond and one of the largest theaters on the East Coast. The Laurel Street entrance is topped by a tall arch and bracketed by twin minarets, and dome-topped towers mark the north and south corners. For the inside decor, tile was imported from Spain, Italy, and Tunis, along with lush carpets and silken curtains. Reportedly, 75,000 square feet of gold leaf and 35,000 square feet of aluminum leaf were used to clad the theater’s massive dome. Above the stage proscenium and throughout the building, murals depict Saracenic scenes. Since we last met here in April, much work has taken place to restore this theater, the longtime home of The Richmond Forum, to its former glory and upgrade it to the needs of the 21st century. Major improvements completed this summer include: • New restrooms on the Ballroom, 2nd floor, and 3rd floor levels • Refinished and reupholstered seating on the Orchestra level • New lounges on the 3rd floor • ADA enhancements on the Orchestra level • New stage floor • All new HVAC, plumbing, and electrical • New water main to correct water pressure issues • New fire alarm system Ongoing work during this season: • Remodeling of Lounges A and C on the 2nd floor level • Work on two new passenger elevators • New Laurel Street marquee • New and expanded box office with self-service kiosks and concierge Work to be completed next summer (2014): • Refinish and reupholster seats in Grand Tier and Upper Balcony • New Main Street marquee • New stage lighting and sound system • New Ballroom level full-service kitchen The City of Richmond, Altria, Dominion, and a host of private donors are investing a total of $60 million in funding and tax credits in the theater’s renovation.

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Source: Moving the Mountain by Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf (Free Press, publisher) caliph - From Arabic, khalifatu rasul Allah, literally “successor of the Messenger of God.” The term used by Muslims to designate their early political leaders. din - Religion, law. Islam is a din that is made up of three dimensions: submission, faith and virtue. fatwa - A legal opinion given by a mufti (The Muslim adaptation of the Roman prudent) in accordance with Islamic law. A mufti or muftiyyah issues legal opinions, and teaches what is Islamically right or wrong to his or her constituency. Hadith - Literally, “happening” or “news.” A hadith is a report of something the Prophet said or did. hajj - “Pilgrimage.” One of the five pillars of Islam. Muslims who are physically and financially able are obliged to make pilgrimage to the Kaaba, a cube-shaped temple devoted to God, located in the city of Mecca in what is today Saudi Arabia. Muslims believe that this temple was built by Abraham. halal - “Permissible,” the opposite of haraam, “forbidden,” and referring to actions permitted or forbidden by God. All actions that are not haraam are de facto halal. hijab - Literally, “veil.” Commonly used to describe the head coverings or headscarves that many Muslim women wear. imam - The person who leads the Muslim congregational prayer. Among Sunnis, the term Imam has been used historically to refer to notable religious scholars or founders of the Sunni schools of jurisprudence. Among Shias, the term is additionally used to refer to their twelve most important political leaders starting with Imam Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet. Quran - Literally, “the recitation,” the scripture of Muslims. Muslims accept the Quran as the word of God, authored by God and revealed to the Prophet Mohammad over a period of twentythree years. the Quran is distinquished from the Hadith, which are the prophets own words. Shariah - From the word shar’, which means “ordinance,” referring to God’s ordinances, defined as the approximately 500 Quranic commandments and 1,200 prophetic commandments. The term is also loosely used by Muslims to refer generally to the entire corpus of Islamic law. The four sources of the law are the Quran, the Hadith, Consensus, and Reasoning by Analogy.

glossary of terms

Glossary of Terms


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Source: Moving the Mountain by Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf (Free Press, publisher) Shia - From Arabic, shi’atu ‘Ali, the partisans or disciples of Ali, who believe that the Prophet directly appointed his son-in-law Ali to be his successor, and that legitimate leadership of the community comes only through the direct blood-line of Ali. They are the non-Sunni Muslims who comprise 15 percent of the Muslim world, and live predominantly in the countries ringing the Persian Gulf such as Iran, Iraq, and Bahrain, but constitute important minorities in other countries such as the eastern region of Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Lebanon. Sunni - From Arabic, ahl al-sunnah wa-l jama’a, “the people of tradition and the majority.”

The major non-Shia group of Muslims today, making up 85 percent of the Muslim world. They believe that the Prophet did not appoint a successor and that leadership of the community is to be decided by the community. Sufism - The esoteric or inner tradition of Islam, shared by Sunnis and Shias, which focuses on spirituality, the refinement and awakening of the heart. People who enter a Sufi order (tariqa) are guided by a shaykh along this path of inner development through the prescription of litanies of divine remembrance (dhikr) handed down from the Prophet and Sufi masters and guides. The goal of the Sufi path is the “unveiling of God,” the experiential vision of His face.

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shia, sunni, sufism

Shia, Sunni, Sufism


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Pew Research: Religion & Public Life Project, 2011 The world’s Muslim population is expected to increase by about 35% in the next 20 years, rising from 1.6 billion in 2010 to 2.2 billion by 2030, according to population projections by the Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life. Globally, the Muslim population is forecast to grow at about twice the rate of the non-Muslim population over the next two decades—an average annual growth rate of 1.5% for Muslims, compared with 0.7% for non-Muslims. If current trends continue, Muslims will make up 26.4% of the world’s total projected population of 8.3 billion in 2030, up from 23.4% of the estimated 2010 world population of 6.9 billion. While the global Muslim population is expected to grow at a faster rate than the nonMuslim population, the Muslim population nevertheless is expected to grow at a slower pace in the next two decades than it did in the previous two decades. From 1990 to 2010, the global Muslim population increased at an average annual rate of 2.2%, compared with the projected rate of 1.5% for the period from 2010 to 2030. If current trends continue, however, 79 countries will have a million or more Muslim inhabitants in 2030, up from 72 countries today. A majority of the world’s Muslims (about 60%) will continue to live in the AsiaPacific region, while about 20% will live in the Middle East and North Africa, as is the case today. But Pakistan is expected to surpass Indonesia as the country with the single largest Muslim population. The portion of the

world’s Muslims living in sub-Saharan Africa is projected to rise; in 20 years, for example, more Muslims are likely to live in Nigeria than in Egypt. Muslims will remain relatively small minorities in Europe and the Americas, but they are expected to constitute a growing share of the total population in these regions. In the United States, the population projections show the number of Muslims more than doubling over the next two decades, rising from 2.6 million in 2010 to 6.2 million in 2030, in large part because of immigration and higher-than-average fertility among Muslims. The Muslim share of the U.S. population (adults and children) is projected to grow from 0.8% in 2010 to 1.7% in 2030, making Muslims roughly as numerous as Jews or Episcopalians are in the United States today. Although several European countries will have substantially higher percentages of Muslims, the United States is projected to have a larger number of Muslims by 2030 than any European countries other than Russia and France. In Europe as a whole, the Muslim share of the population is expected to grow by nearly one-third over the next 20 years, rising from 6% of the region’s inhabitants in 2010 to 8% in 2030. The greatest increases—driven primarily by continued migration—are likely to occur in Western and Northern Europe, where Muslims will be approaching doubledigit percentages of the population in several countries. In the United Kingdom, for example, Muslims are expected to comprise 8.2% of the population in 2030, up from an estimated 4.6% today.

t h e f u t u r e o f t h e g l o b a l m u s l i m p o p u l at i o n

The Future of the Global Muslim Population


t h e f u t u r e o f t h e g l o b a l m u s l i m p o p u l at i o n ( c o n t ’ d )

Muslims in the Americas The number of Muslims in Canada is expected to nearly triple in the next 20 years, from about 940,000 in 2010 to nearly 2.7 million in 2030. Muslims are expected to make up 6.6% of Canada’s total population in 2030, up from 2.8% today. Argentina is expected to have the third-largest Muslim population in the Americas, after the U.S. and Canada. Argentina, with about 1 million

Muslims in 2010, is now in second place, behind the U.S. Children under age 15 make up a relatively small portion of the U.S. Muslim population today. Only 13.1% of Muslims are in the 0-14 age group. This reflects the fact that a large proportion of Muslims in the U.S. are newer immigrants who arrived as adults. But by 2030, many of these immigrants are expected to start families. If current trends

Projected Distribution of Muslim Population by Country and Territory in 2030 Only the 79 countries projected to have more than 1 million Muslims in 2030 are shown.


more than a third (35.5%) were born in the U.S. By 2030, however, more than four-inten of the Muslims in the U.S. (44.9%) are expected to be native-born. The top countries of origin for Muslim immigrants to the U.S. in 2009 were Pakistan and Bangladesh. They are expected to remain the top countries of origin for Muslim immigrants to the U.S. in 2030. Source: www.pewforum.org

10 Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims in 2010

10 Countries with the Largest Projected Number of Muslims in 2030

t h e f u t u r e o f t h e g l o b a l m u s l i m p o p u l at i o n ( c o n t ’ d )

continue, the number of U.S. Muslims under age 15 will more than triple, from fewer than 500,000 in 2010 to 1.8 million in 2030. The number of Muslim children ages 0-4 living in the U.S. is expected to increase from fewer than 200,000 in 2010 to more than 650,000 in 2030. About two-thirds of the Muslims in the U.S. today (64.5%) are first-generation immigrants (foreign-born), while slightly


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From major museum exhibitions to educational outreach to preserving our heritage, Altria takes pride in our long-standing support for local arts and cultural institutions. Art gives us new ways of looking at the world - and by bringing people together in a shared experience, it enriches our lives and strengthens our communities. Altria salutes The Richmond Forum.

Take a closer look at ALTRIA.com © Altria Group, Inc. 2013


Executive Committee

Bruce Kelley Chair The Martin Agency Linda Warren Vice Chair Governance Committee Chair Community Volunteer J. Theodore Linhart Treasurer Dominion Auto Group H. Michael Ligon Secretary Universal Leaf Tobacco Co. Gaye Montgomery Education Committee Chair Altria Douglas A. Nunn Investment Committee Chair The Trust Company of Virginia Anne Lynam Goddard Program Committee Chair ChildFund International

James W. Dunn Member at Large Bon Secours Virginia Health System Directors

Amanda Aghdami Capital One Bank Shawn Boyer SnagAJob Tim Butturini Wells Fargo James A. Buzzard MWV James R. Conschafter Media General Clifford J. Culley U.S. Trust, Bank of America Private Wealth Management Erika T. Davis Owens & Minor

Kenneth M. Dye Comcast Metro Richmond

Chris Little Dominion Digital

Whitney K. Forstner Momentum Resources

Amy Nisenson Mary Morton Parsons Foundation

Philip H. Goodpasture Williams Mullen Ed Grier VCU School of Business Kathleen Maccio Holman Davenport & Company LLC Otis S. Jones IBM

Daphne Maxwell Reid New Millennium Studios Mark Webb Dominion Resources John S. West Troutman Sanders LLP

Martin P. Klein Genworth Financial, Inc. Nancy F. Langston, Ph.D. Community Volunteer Ray Lepper Panamint Group Robert R. Lindgren Randolph-Macon College

Production Team & Staff Production

John Carter Hailey Stage Manager

Henry Gonzalez VIP Ground Transportation First Class Service

Susan Senita Bradshaw Assistant Stage Manager

Josée Covington Air Travel Covington Travel

Boitnott Visual Communications Audio, Video & Sound

P. Kevin Morley Photographer

Dan Hitchcock Production Manager Boitnott Visual Communications

Susan Greenbaum Proofreader

James W. Bynum Student Room Manager

Landmark Theater

Debbie Mangolas William Willersdorf Box Office

Audrey M. Booth Theater Manager Steve Sweet Technical Director

circle S studio Branding

Pete Olson Operations Manager

Dave Swain Motion Graphics

Glenn Major Director of Operations

Carlos Chafin Composer In Your Ear

Richmond Forum Scholars

Owen Ayers Trinity Episcopal School Elise Fuller St. Catherine’s School Syeda Haider Thomas Jefferson H.S. Nikhith Kalkunte Midlothian H.S. Benjamin Moore St. Christopher’s School

Staff

Bill Chapman Executive Director / Producer bill@richmondforum.org Debbie Mangolas Office & Ticket Sales Manager debbie@richmondforum.org Dee A. Raubenstine Director of Development & Special Events dee@richmondforum.org (804) 330-3993 www.richmondforum.org

Question Sorters

Tim Barnett Kenneth M. Dye Paula I. Otto Dan Timberlake

Mr. Chapman’s suits provided by Franco’s Fine Clothier.

board of directors, pr oduction tea m and staff

2013-2014 Board of Directors


PAT R O N S

2013-2014 Patrons Lead Patron Altria Group, Inc. Davenport & Company LLC Dominion Resources Genworth Financial, Inc. Wells Fargo

Sponsor Bon Secours Virginia Health System Buckingham Greenery, Inc. City & Guilds Craigie & Craigie Heritage Wealth Advisors Hospital Hospitality House Hunton & Williams LLP IBM Corporation Kanawha Capital Management, LLC McGuireWoods MWV Tissa & Bart Nasta PadillaCRT Plow & Hearth Rainbow Station Randolph-Macon College Dave Swain LLC TCSC Touch Points Public Relations Towers Watson Dianne & Ken Wright Foundation

Host Patron Hourigan Construction Owens & Minor Troutman Sanders LLP Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Inc. University of Mary Washington Producer Patron Boitnott Visual Communications Capital One Bank Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Comcast Metro Richmond Covington Travel Dominion Digital J.P. Morgan Longwood University PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP The Trust Company of Virginia U.S. Trust, Bank of America Private Wealth Management VCU Medical Center VCU School of Business Foundation Virginia Cancer Institute Virginia State University Williams Mullen

Transportation Patron WINN Transportation

Contributor 2nd Order Solutions Actuarial Benefits & Design Company Actuarial Consulting Group Patsy & Bruce Arnett BB&T CapTech Ventures, Inc. CEBCO INC. DSC Logistics EY Franco’s Fine Clothier Hoover & Strong, Inc. In Your Ear Christine & David Klein Markel Corporation Media General, Inc. Momentum Resources Judy & Dave Pahren Richmond Aquarium Dee Slaughter, Tim Nunn SMART Resources, Inc. SnagAJob Tred Spratley & Janine Collins SunTrust Bank Westham Partners

Municipalities City of Richmond County of Chesterfield County of Henrico

Friend Judy & Ralph Anderson B&B Printing Anne & Roger Boevé

HD Simulcast Room Patron Virginia Lottery Educational Patron Dr. & Mrs. W. Baxter Perkinson, Jr. Trinity Episcopal School Wells Fargo Foundation Media Patron Community Idea Stations Music Patron Moore Cadillac Company

The Brink’s Company Marge Connelly & Julie Christopher Endodontic Partners Steven F. Glessner, MD and Virginia Schuster Paige & Philip Goodpasture Mr. & Mrs. William H. Goodwin, Jr. Dr. Susan Hardwicke & Tom Grant Patricia & Allan Kahane Mr. & Mrs. Todd LePage Mary & Ted Linhart Mr. & Mrs. Robert A. Mann Dr. Charles Martin, DDS The Martin Agency Mr. & Mrs. David L. Monday Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia Perspectives, Inc. Lisa & Leon Roday Mary Beth & Jim Shannon Timothy D. Smith & Mary Ellen Pauli Mr. & Mrs. James E. Ukrop VAMAC, Inc. Vanessa & James Wigand Supporter Marcia & Jim Alberston Dottie Amore & Andrea Amore-Clark Frazier & Brad Armstrong Betty & Tommy Baer Kenneth C. Blaisdell & Sherryn Stauffer Dr. & Mrs. Douglas Bloomfield Karen & Joe Brower Jim Buzzard Linda & Dale Cannady Jeff Chapman Sheila & Kevin Clasbey Candace & Robert Cody Angela & Ted Cox Harold M. Cruse, D.D.S. Mrs. Creed S. Davis Carol & Frank DePew Nita & Jack Enoch Susan E. & C. Edwin Estes William R. Fields Mr. & Mrs. Robert B. Giles Marsha & Bill Ginther Maya & Stuart Glaser Nancy & Bruce Gottwald Dr. Ed Griggs Susan & Bill Hamill Trish & Jon Hill Mr. Jay Holloway


Bobbi Piguet Susan Prizzia Dr. & Mrs. Edward J. Ramsey, Jr. Andi & Brian Redmond Daphne & Tim Reid Karen & Paul Reilly M.H. “Bud” Reinhart & Shirley Baker Martha & Robert Rhodes Riggers, Inc. Linda & Michael Rigsby Eric Samuelson Donna & Kim Scheeler Rick Schofield Dr. & Mrs. Maurice Schwarz Joe Schwerer Lisa Sims Inez Smallwood & Tom Tatum

Leila & Kirk Spitzer Leslie Stack & Frank Rizzo Mr. & Mrs. Charles E. Stallings Stevenson Select Software Services Carolyn & Geoffrey Stiff Dr. & Mrs. Kenneth E. Stoner Joseph P. Sullivan Joe Teefey & Judy Collins Claiborne Terry Johnnie Lou & Charlie Terry Marilyn & Robert L. Thalhimer Linda & Art Warren Carol & Douglas Wayne Abbie Welsh Vicki & Eric White Tommy Williamson Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Wilson III

Thank you for your generous support of The Richmond Forum!

Owens & Minor is proud to support The Richmond Forum and their 2013-2014 season.

PAT R O N S

Kathleen Maccio Holman Bonnie Hunt Ms. Louise Jackson Nancy F. Langston Drs. Bernice & Wiley Latham Pam & Ray Lepper Rhoda & John Mahoney Mr. & Mrs. Paul Manno Candace & Patrick Martin McKinney and Company Drs. Benita & Mike Miller H. Victor Millner, Jr. Kathryn J. & William D. Monday, Jr. Amy & David Nisenson Nyfeler Associates, LLC Paula & W. Jefferson O’Flaherty Laurie Petronis


YOUR KNOWLEDGE

I S P O W E R F U L.

MOTION GRAPHICS | EDITING | COMPOSITING

Proud to have edited & animated the opening video for The Richmond Forum.

So IS HAVING THE BEST TooLS To SHARE IT.

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CLOUD SOLUTIONS APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SHAREPOINT SOLUTIONS 804 218 5795 // www.daveswain.tv // daveswain@gmail.com

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Trinity Episcopal School advocates service to one’s community as an important aspect of individual character development and the creation of a strong community. These Trinity students, selected from the School’s Honor Roll, serve as pages for The Richmond Forum this season. Through their service, the students facilitate an exchange of ideas that broadens our understanding of the trends and issues shaping our lives and our community. Andrew Barron Emmy Bowe Molly Breidenbaugh Mackenzie Brown Katherine Cantone Abigail Carls Caroline Chester Hunter Clark Carolyn Corbet Michelle D’Ambra Katherine Daniel Emily Dodson Michael Donnelly Madison Ferris James Flowers Garrett Fojtik

Emily Gould Anastasia Graves Andrew Greenburg Courtney Hay Thomas Hupp Daniel Jenkins Cullen Joyce Samuel Kettlewell-Sites Buchanan Kirtland Seth Layton Maeve Losen Anne Lowe Phebe Martin Ellie McLean Kelsey McQueen Grace Methven

Brenna Monk Caroline Moreno Robert Morris Spencer Morris Anthony Oates Julia Oates Catherine Palmore Dana Pelkey Caroline Powell Grace Redding Erin Reedy John Reedy Sarah Anne Rohre Fletcher Rowe Vincent Salandro Conor Salter

Collin Sandler Chase Shugart Sophia Skrobiszewski Jordan Smith Forrest Sprouse Kenneth Stevens Ainsley Walker Rachael Walko Rebecca Walko Abigail Wingo Anna Wingo Katherine Young Elizabeth Kelley, Advisor Sarah McDermott, Advisor

The Richmond FoRum Welcomes The sTudenTs and FaculTy oF TRiniTy episcopal school in a special pRogRam designed To connecT The classRoom, The communiTy and cuRRenT evenTs. In AcAdemIcs We discover what motivates students and use that knowledge to challenge them In The InTernATIonAl BAccAlAureATe ProgrAm Academics with a world view provide a competitive curriculum in a dynamic environment In The communITy We celebrate the differences that make us individuals and the common ground that makes us a community WITh The FAculTy Building relationships based on mutual respect helps students realize their full potential dIscover your PATh AT TrInITy ePIscoPAl school 3850 Pittaway Drive, Richmond, VA 23235 • (804) 272-5864 www.trinityes.org

We are grateful to Dr. & Mrs. W. Baxter Perkinson, Jr. for their financial support for this educational program.

student pages

Trinity Episcopal School Student Pages


WE’RE PROUD TO BE SUPPORTERS OF THE RICHMOND FORUM

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Tonightâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s program is dedicated to the memory of our friend

Angelo Minor

For 18 seasons, Angelo photographed every Richmond Forum program, working discreetly in the dark and professionally capturing hundreds of images of our speakers and our guests. At the very end of each evening, Angelo would hand his camera to one of us, remind us where to look, what button to press, and the last photo of the evening would be takenâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the one of our speaker and smiling Angelo. We will miss that last photo, and our good friend.


We are proud to sponsor The Richmond Forum in bringing the world’s most influential thinkers onto this stage. Thank you for broadening our horizons and enriching our community.

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Insightful. Educational. Inspirational. We are proud to sponsor The Richmond Forum.

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pa st speakers

Past Speakers 1987 January February March April

Ted Koppel “Iran: Yesterday and Today” Hodding Carter, Paul Duke and Larry Speakes Diane Sawyer with General Brent Scowcroft Charles Kuralt

1 993-1994 November January February March April

“America in the Year 2000” Lamar Alexander, Marvin Cetron, Senator Warren Rudman and Chris Wallace Louis Rukeyser with Frank Cappiello and Michael Holland President George H. W. Bush Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross Bob Newhart

1 987-1988 January February March April

Oprah Winfrey George Will “The Cold War – Will it Thaw?” Marvin Kalb, Jeane Kirkpatrick and Vladimir Pozner Art Buchwald

1 994-1995 November January February March April

General Colin Powell Walter Cronkite with Judy Woodruff Dave Barry Tom Clancy Jack Kemp and Senator George Mitchell

1 988-1989 January February March April

Sam Donaldson John Chancellor and Henry Kissinger “Should Drugs be Legalized?” William Buckley and Charles Rangel Dr. Carl Sagan

1 995-1996 November January February March April

Ambassador Carla Hills and Prime Minister Brian Mulroney “Space and Flight: The First & Last Men on the Moon” Neil Armstrong, Capt. Eugene Cernan, David Hartman and Dick Rutan Calvin Trillin Charles Kuralt “The Presidency, The Press and The People” Ed Bradley, David Gergen, Pierre Salinger, Sheila Tate and Bob Woodward

1 989-1990 January February March April

Paul Duke, Howard Fineman and Charles McDowell “Perspectives – From Right to Left” Frank Carlucci, Bettina Gregory, George McGovern, William Proxmire and William Rusher Mike Wallace Alistair Cooke

1 996-1997 November January February March April

Dick Cavett and Carl Reiner Ray Brady with Paul A. Volcker “To Preserve and Protect: The Story of the American Presidency” Doris Kearns Goodwin and David McCullough Sir David Frost interviews Andrew Lloyd Webber “The Legal System in America” Marcia Clark, Philip K. Howard, Prof. Arthur Miller, Dr. Rodney Smolla and The Hon. Kym Worthy

1 990-1991 October January February March April

Chancellor Helmut Schmidt “Crisis in the Persian Gulf” Admiral William Crowe, General Alexander Haig, Robert McFarlane and Edwin Newman H. Ross Perot Art Buchwald and Andy Rooney “Space and Beyond” James Burke, Dr. Frank Drake and James Lovell Barbara Walters Margaret Thatcher Larry King with General Norman Schwarzkopf “DNA: From Catching Criminals to Constructing Dinosaurs” Patricia Cornwell, Dr. Victor McKusick and Dr. Marc Micozzi Mark Russell

1 997-1998 November January February March April

Bill Moyers Wynton Marsalis Prime Minister Shimon Peres and Dan Raviv Mary Tyler Moore Peter Lynch

1 991-1992 October January February March April

1 998-1999 November January February March April

Rt. Hon. John Major Robert S. Bennett and Dr. William J. Bennett with Tim Russert Harry S. Dent, Jr. and Lou Dobbs Lily Tomlin Dr. Robert Ballard and Jean-Michel Cousteau

1 992-1993 October January February March April

Terry Anderson “Japanese/American Trade Debate” with Hiroki Kato and T. Boone Pickens Dr. Joyce Brothers Bill Cosby Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev with Cokie Roberts

1 999-2000 November January February March April

Julie Andrews with Catherine Crier “The Century” Todd Brewster and Peter Jennings “Technology and the New Marketplace” Ray Brady, Michael Connors and John Krubski Archbishop Desmond Tutu James Carville and Newt Gingrich with Tim Russert


Senator John Glenn Tom Brokaw Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu with Daniel Schorr Frank McCourt Dr. William Kelso

2 001-2002 November January February March April

Hal Holbrook in “Mark Twain Tonight!” Rabbi Marc Gellman and Msgr. Thomas Hartman Dick Clark Doris Kearns Goodwin and David McCullough The Hon. Madeleine K. Albright and The Hon. James A. Baker III with Gwen Ifill

2 002-2003 November January February March April

Ken Burns The Hon. Rudolph W. Giuliani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and Her Majesty Queen Noor with Gwen Ifill FBI Director Louis Freeh Senator Fred Thompson

2 003-2004 November January February March April

Cal Ripken, Jr. Robert Shiller and Jeremy Siegel with Geoff Colvin Candice Bergen Rt. Hon. Mary Robinson Thomas L. Friedman

2 004-2005 November January February March April

General Tommy Franks Michael Beschloss and Walter Isaacson Tim Russert Fareed Zakaria Frank Gehry

2005-2006 November January February March April

Robert Redford Sherry Lansing General Colin Powell Tom Wolfe Rick Wagoner with Geoff Colvin

2 006-2007 November January February March April

Burt Rutan Malcolm Gladwell and Alvin Toffler B.B. King Jim Lehrer Dr. Jared Diamond

2 007-2008 November January February March April

President Vicente Fox Carly Fiorina Michael Douglas with Jeffrey Brown Dr. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. David Brooks

2 008-2009 November January February March April

Rt. Hon. Tony Blair Reza Aslan and Jon Meacham Smokey Robinson with Daphne Maxwell Reid Terry Bradshaw and Howie Long Marion Nestle and Michael Pollan

2 009-2010 November January March April May

Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson Greg Mortenson Steve Forbes Condoleezza Rice David Plouffe

2010-2011 November January February March April

President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Laura Bush Anderson Cooper Dr. George M. Church David Blaine

2011-2012 November January February March April

Dr. Robert Ballard Robert Gates Quincy Jones Charles Krauthammer and Robert Reich Sir Ken Robinson and Rafe Esquith

2012-2013 November Platon January Steven Spielberg, Tony Kushner and Doris Kearns Goodwin February President Bill Clinton March Captain Mark Kelly with Gabrielle Giffords April Dr. Jane Goodall This Season November Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf and Maajid Nawaz January Dan Buettner February President George W. Bush March Rt. Hon. Gordon Brown April Steve Martin

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2 000-2001 November January February March April


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Islam: A Religion of Violence or Peace?

Ayaan Hirsi Ali

Maajid Nawaz

Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf

Tonightâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s program is being recorded for broadcast on WCVE PBS. The televised version will include local community leaders discussing this topic from a regional perspective.

Thursday, November 21 at 9 pm

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Next at The Richmond Forum

Dan Buettner The Science of Happiness January 25, 2014 Science shows that where we live—not education, marital status, or wealth—is the biggest, controllable factor that determines our happiness. Working with Gallup, The World Values Survey, and the World Database of Happiness, Dan Buettner has researched happiness hot spots around the globe—places where people report having the highest level of well-being or happiness—and identified the common denominators. In January, Buettner, an internationally recognized researcher, explorer, New York Times best-selling author, and National Geographic Fellow, will share what governments, communities, and individuals can do to stack the deck to maximize happiness.

President George W. Bush

The Rt. Hon. Gordon Brown

Steve Martin

Inside the Oval Office

2025: Shaping a New Future

Stand Up: My Rise & Collapse

February 22, 2014

March 15, 2014

April 19, 2014


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Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf & Maajid Nawaz at The Richmond Forum