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it n U
8 That’s history! c b
Vocabulary: household items
a Match the pictures with the household items. How old do you think they are? d
1. a clock 2. a radio
3. a black and white TV 4. a vacuum cleaner 5. an iron 6. a dial phone 7. a camera
8. a record player g
b Work in pairs. Compare household items of the past and the present. Now TVs are color. In the past they were black and white.
2 Listening a 2.29 Listen to the conversation. Why is Rosie interviewing her grandfather? b 2.29 Listen to the interview again and complete Rosie’s notes.
, (1) My grandpa was born in 1940 in brothers and Texas. He had (2) was two sisters. His first (3) family Rosewood Elementary School. His , but he had a didn’t have much (4) ! pet dog and a pet (5)
3 Pronunciation: word stress a 2.30 Listen and circle the word with a different stress pattern. 1. telephone stereo chair 2. laptop TV iron 3. computer sofa toilet 4. stove clock camera 5. armchair phone shower 90
How much do you know about the 1990s? Not a lot? Well, the 1990s were an electronic decade. The World Wide Web was born in 1992. By 1998 100 million people were online! In fashion, hip-hop style was popular: jeans were baggy—the bigger the better! Some popular American TV shows were Friends, Beverly Hills 90210 and ER. Hit movies included Titanic, Terminator 2 and The Silence of the Lambs. Mariah Carey, the Backstreet Boys and the Spice Girls were all big in the 1990s.
World Wide Web users Fashion Popular American TV shows
a Read the article. Then cover the text and see how much you can remember with your partner.
Popular pop stars and bands
b Read the article again and complete the fact file.
5 Listening a 2.31 Listen to the conversation. What’s the problem? b 2.31 Listen again and complete the conversation. really was lots rule go were Mom: Fred, do you know what time it is? Fred: Uh oh! It’s late! Sorry, Mom! Mom: Yes, it’s late! It’s ten o’clock! Where (1)
you? Why are you so late?
Fred: Um, I (2)
with some friends at Gaby’s
house. There were (3)
of cool people!
Mom: I don’t care! You know the (4)
“home by nine o’clock.” Fred: I know, I’m (5) Mom: Well, (6)
sorry, Mom. to bed. You’re grounded for
two weeks. Fred: Ah, Mom! Come on!
6 Everyday English: making excuses a Work in pairs. Act out the dialogue. Student A: turn to page 119. Student B: turn to page 126.
All about the stars! Talk about events in the past (regular verbs) Say years
a Read the article. Who was Steve Irwin?
The Crocodile Hunter Steve Irwin was a conservationist and TV personality. He was born in Australia in 1962. His parents opened Australia Zoo in 1971, and for his sixth birthday he received a very special present from them—a python! Steve studied at home and also learned how to catch crocodiles. Steve’s parents retired in 1991, and he started to manage the zoo. A year later he produced his first TV documentary, The Crocodile Hunter. Steve’s TV series was popular all over the world. Steve died in September 2006. He was killed by a stingray at the Great Barrier Reef in eastern Australia. One last fact! Steve Irwin was a very brave man, but he was afraid of parrots! As he said, “Parrots are a lot of smarter than crocodiles!”
b Read the article again and complete the profile.
Biography of Steve Irwin Born: Sixth birthday present: Australia Zoo opened: TV series: Died: c Circle any animals you are afraid of and tell your partner. crocodile gorilla shark snake spider tiger I’m afraid of snakes. Me too. / I’m not. 92
2 Grammar: He studied at home. a Underline the past verb forms in the text. b How do we form the past simple of regular verbs? c Complete the sentences about Steve’s life. marry appear film visit 1. Steve over 70 episodes of The Crocodile Hunter. 2. In 1992 Steve Oregon.
Terri Raines from
3. They met when Terri 4. In 2001 Steve Dolittle 2.
the zoo. in the movie Doctor
d Say a verb. Your partner will make a true sentence about Steve’s life. Open. The zoo opened in 1971.
Spelling of regular past tense verbs: open—opened study—studied
8 3 Listening a 2.32 Listen to Sonia’s presentation and write why Oprah Winfrey is famous. 1. 2. 3. b 2.32 Listen again and match to make sentences about Oprah’s life. 1. In 1954
she started to live with her dad.
2. When she was six,
The Oprah Winfrey Show started.
3. In 1968
Oprah was born in Mississippi.
4. When she was 32,
she moved to Milwaukee.
c Discuss in pairs. Do you watch Oprah’s show or any other talk shows? Do you like them?
4 Grammar: She didn’t study journalism. a How do we form the past simple negative? Look at the examples and complete the rule. She didn’t want to live in Milwaukee. Her parents didn’t live in the same city. 1. Subject + did +
+ main verb
b Match the questions with the answers. 1. Did she live in Nashville?
Yes, she did.
2. Did she study art at college?
No, she didn’t.
1987—nineteen eighty-seven 2004—two thousand and four
5 Vocabulary: years a Complete the sentences about the famous people. 1968 1983 1996 2001 1. The Spice Girls recorded “Wannabe” in 2. Will Smith was born in
4. The Red Hot Chili Peppers formed in
1. Yes/No questions: + subject + main verb?
3. Mariah Carey and Luis Miguel separated in
c Now complete the rules.
We say years in English like this:
Now listen and check your answers.
2. Answers: Yes, + No, + subject +
+ did. + not.
d How much do you remember about Oprah’s life? Ask your partner. Did she live with her grandmother? Yes, she did.
6 Speaking: A star profile a Work in pairs. Ask about Daniel Craig’s life to find and correct six mistakes. Student A: turn to page 120. Student B: turn to page 127.
She had a dream.
2 Vocabulary: space travel
Talk about events in the past (irregular verbs)
a Match the travel words with the definitions.
Talk about trips and traveling
a Look at the picture. What do you think the article is about? Read and find out.
1. astronaut (n)
when a plane or spacecraft returns to the ground
2. flight (n)
a vehicle that can travel in space
3. take off (v)
a journey in a plane or spacecraft
4. spacecraft (n)
a person who travels in space
5. land (v)
when a plane or spacecraft leaves the ground
b Can you guess the meaning of these words? Check your answers in a dictionary. weightless, sleeping bag, straw, sunrise, sunset
3 Grammar: Why did she go to space?
ist First female space tournted
dream. She wa Anousheh Ansari had a ace tourist. She paid to be the first female sp to participate in a about 20 million dollars Space Station in flight to the International Russia to train for 2006. Anousheh went to t took off from the the flight. The spacecraf on September 18, Baikonur Cosmodrome ightless atmosphere, 2006. Because of the we ing bag on the wall. Anousheh slept in a sleep drank liquids through She ate dried food and eriments. Every day a straw. She also did exp d sunsets! Finally, she saw 16 sunrises an Anousheh’s spacecraft after 10 days in space, mber 29. landed on Earth on Septe
a Find the irregular past form of the verbs in the text. 1. have 2. go
3. take 4. sleep
5. eat 6. drink
b Read the questions and complete the rule. Why did Anousheh go to space? What did she eat on the spacecraft? 1. Wh- word +
+ subject +
c Match the questions with the answers. 1. How much did Anousheh pay to go to space? 2. Why did she sleep on the wall?
b Read the article again and circle true (T) or false (F).
3. How did she drink liquids?
1. Anousheh’s dream was to go to the moon. T / F
4. What did she do on the space station?
2. She went to space in 2006.
5. How long did she stay in space?
3. The spacecraft took off on September 29. T / F
For 10 days.
4. She was in space for more than a week.
She used a straw.
c Anousheh’s dream was to go to space. What’s your dream? Tell your partner. My dream is to visit Japan. 94
Because of the weightless atmosphere. She did experiments. About 20 million dollars.
4 Listening a 2.34 Listen to the conversation and label the places on the map. Yekaterinburg Vladivostok Moscow Irkutsk b 2.34
Listen again and complete the fact file.
c Complete the questions with the correct verbs.
Trans-Siberian Railway Fact File Cost of ticket: Duration of trip: Distance in kilometers:
cost take stop go 1
on the Trans-Siberian Railway? 2
How long the trip
About $200 each, I think.
the tickets 3
Because my dad is a big train fan.
Where the train
In Yekaterinburg, Irkutsk and Vladivostok.
5 Speaking: Our trips a Work in pairs. Turn to page 130. Complete the first column of the table about a trip you took. Then ask your partner the questions and complete the other column.
First, then, finally! Sequence events Say dates
Match the events and dates and win a computer!
1. Columbus reached the
2. Tim Berners-Lee put
3. Karl Benz received a
4. Apollo 11 landed on
the first website online.
patent for an automobile .
the moon. 5. Alexander Graham Be ll made the first telepho ne call. 6. The Wright Brothers made the first powered flight. December 17, 1903 October 12, 1492 July 20, 1969 January 29, 1886 March 10, 1876 August 6, 1991
3 Pronunciation: saying dates a 2.36
Listen and circle the dates you hear.
January 2 March 15 October 22 April 1 September 3 July 13
a Look at the famous historical events and match them with the dates. b 2.35 Listen to Lori and Tim and check your answers. c 2.35 Listen again. What mistake does Tim make?
2 Vocabulary: dates a Work in pairs. Order the dates 1–6.
b 2.37 Work in pairs. Practice saying all the dates. Then listen and check your pronunciation. c When are they? Write the dates. Then practice saying them. 1. Christmas Day 2. Independence Day in my country 3. Valentine’s Day 4. New Year’s Eve
April tenth November ninth February twentieth June twenty-first May seventh September eighth b Work in pairs. Which months are missing? 96
Regular ordinal numbers: four—fourth six—sixth Irregular ordinal numbers: one—first two—second
We abbreviate most ordinal numbers: 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
8 Thomas Edison—the man who changed modern life 1
Thomas Edison was born on February 11, 1847. He started school but had problems. Three months later he left school.
After that he studied at home. He never went to college, but he studied and experimented all his life.
In 1871 Edison moved to New Jersey and got his first lab. Five years later he built a new research lab.
Three of his inventions changed modern life. First he built a phonograph in 1877. Then he invented the electric light bulb. Finally he created the first motion picture system.
5 Grammar: First he built a phonograph.
a Read the quotation. Do you think it’s true? “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninetynine percent perspiration.” Thomas Edison b Read the comic strip. What were Thomas Edison’s most famous inventions? c Complete the questions and the answers. 1. When was Edison born?
2. Where At home.
b Complete the biography of Henry Ford. Henry Ford was born in Detroit in 1863. When he was a boy, he loved fixing clocks. (1) F
, at the age of 16, he got a job
with the Edison Company. Two years (2) l
a Look at the words in orange. They are called sequence words. Why do we call them this?
, in 1881, he developed the first
gasoline engine. (3) A
he developed his first car. At first he produced racing cars, but (4) f
3. What did he do in 1871?
he changed to regular cars.
He 4. What The phonograph.
build in 1877?
His first regular car was the Model T.
d Which of his inventions was the most important?
6 Speaking: The history game! leave—left
a Work in groups. Turn to page 131 and play The History Game.
It’s all in the past!
The Almost Awesomes
Hold on, folks!
Laugh at that, Coco!
I always hated clowns!
2 My vacation was a disaster!
3 Famous people quiz 1. This person crossed the Atlantic in the first solo flight. 2. This person painted Guernica in 1937. 3. This person created The Simpsons. 4. This person was the first woman in space. 5. This person starred in Frida.
2 My vacation was a disaster!
The Almost Awesomes
Listen and complete.
saved received worked rescued 1. The Awesomes 2. They millionaire. 3. They
medals. Will Bates, the as a team and Newville.
a 2.39 Listen and number the pictures 1–3. b 2.39
Listen again and match.
3 Famous people quiz a Who were they? Match the achievements with the people. Matt Groening
1. Steve went
and broke her arm.
2. The car broke
a stomach infection.
3. His sister fell
4. He had
Charles A. Lindbergh
Unit 8 4 Marco Polo’s famous trip
Lebanon Pamir Mountains Mediterranean Sea
5 This month’s puzzle
T C J L S T A T C T I C K E L Q R J R W N G P A S S E N A M I V B H W O K N T U J S R P A S S P O J W I Q L D F
6 My school trip, by Sandra
I O N S X O R U P Q F
E R L T
Last summer I went on a great school trip to Germany. First we took a train from London to Cologne: it took five and a half hours. After that we went down the Rhine Valley. Then we stayed in Freiberg, near the Black Forest. The Black Forest was really cold! Finally we took the train back home. We were tired but really happy!
K Q I C I
K G A
T X H S V M T E
4 Marco Polo’s famous trip a 2.40
Listen and mark the route.
b 2.40 Listen again and match the dates with the events. 1. 1271
He arrived back in Venice.
He wrote about his travels.
He left Venice with his uncle.
The first flight attendants all weighed less than 50 kilograms and were single female nurses!
5 This month’s puzzle a Find eight travel words in the suitcase. Find games and learn more about history. Go to… www.bbc.co.uk/history/walk
6 My school trip, by Sandra a Read about Sandra’s trip and list the places she visited. b Now write about a trip you took. Want to find out more about traveling? Go to... www.travelforteens.com
Learning English in the 21st Century 1
Scanning for information on the Internet
a Read the homework task. Then read about the Inca Trail and underline the information you need.
You want to go to Machu Picc hu and need to find out this information:
1. How far is the trip from Cusco to Machu Picchu? 2. How long does the trek take? 3. How do you return to Cusco at the end of the trip? 4. How much does the trip cos t?
The Inca Trail The Inca Trail is a jungle hike in Peru from the ancient city of Cusco to the sacred Inca city of Machu Picchu. It is usually possible to do the 45-kilometer trek in four days and then you return to Cusco by train. You need to be a healthy person to hike this trail, as it is difficult in some places, and it climbs to altitudes of 4200 meters in some parts. To prepare for the trip, it is important to spend at least two full days in Cusco. Prices for the classic four-day trek start at about $240 USD per person (including entrance fees and return by train).
2 Making timelines a Read the article and complete the timeline. Dave Kunst was the first person to walk around the world. Dave walked 14,450 miles (23,250 kilometers) across four continents and thirteen countries. He used twenty-one pairs of shoes. He started in Waseka, Minnesota with his brother John on June 20, 1970, and finished in October 1974. They reached New York in January 1971 and flew to Portugal. They got to Turkey in June 1971 and arrived in Afghanistan in October 1972. Tragically John was killed by bandits in Afghanistan in the same month. Dave continued and walked across Pakistan and India. Finally he crossed Australia in 1974. 1970 Dave and John started walking around the .
1974 They went to New York, Portugal and Turkey.
John was killed in Afghanistan.
Dave crossed and finished the walk.
b Write about some important events in your life and draw a timeline to illustrate them. 100
Project My family history a Read about Constanza’s grandmother and answer the questions about her.
My grandmother 1. What is her name? 2. When and where was she born? 3. Where did she live when she was a child? 4. What was her profession? 5. When did she get married? 6. How many children did she have? 7. Other interesting facts about her:
b Find out about one of your grandparents and write notes in your notebook. c Write a text about your grandmother or grandfather. Then ask a classmate to check your work. Write the final version on a clean sheet of paper. d Illustrate your work with photos or pictures of your grandmother’s or grandfather’s life. e Present your work to your classmates. f Vote for the most interesting grandmother or grandfather.
by Constanza Aburto Villegas
My grandmother’s na me is Maria del Carmen Ro driguez
de Villegas. She was born in Malaga, Spain in 1934. She had two brothers. Sh e was just a baby du ring the Spanish Civil War. After the war, her fa mily emigrated to Mexico. They lived in Puebla an d she went to school th ere. In 1954 she traine d as a nurse and then met my grandfather. He was a doctor. They go t married in 1959. Th ey had three children, inc luding my mother. No w she and my grandfat her are retired and my grandmother looks af ter my grandfather an d reads a lot. She’s als o a very good cook. I love her food.
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