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November 2011


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Volume 65, Number 11, November 2011

“The Rural Voice of Nebraska”

Staff Editor Wayne Price Editorial Assistant Kathy Barkmeier

Contents Features

Silent Sentinels

6

Published by the

Visit us at www.nrea.org General Manager Jay Holmquist President Barry DeKay, Niobrara Valley EMC Vice President/Secretary Gary Dill, Roosevelt Public Power District Treasurer Randy Papenhausen, Cedar-Knox Public Power District Published monthly by the Nebraska Rural Electric Association, 1244 K Street, Box 82048, Lincoln, Nebraska 68501, (402) 475-4988.

Advertising in the Rural Electric Nebraskan does not imply endorsement for products by the Nebraska Rural Electric Association. Correspondence should be sent to Wayne Price, Editor, Rural Electric Nebraskan, Box 82048, Lincoln, NE 68501. The Rural Electric Nebraskan is printed by Jacob North Companies, Box 82046, Lincoln, NE 68501. Form 3579 should be sent to the Rural Electric Nebraskan, Box 82048, Lincoln, NE 68501. Periodicals postage paid at Lincoln, Neb. POSTMASTER: send address changes to the Rural Electric Nebraskan, 1244 K Street, Box 82048, Lincoln, NE 68501. Publication numbers are USPS 071-630 and ISSN 0193-4937. Rates: $10 for one year; $15 for two years; $20 for three years, plus local and state tax.

November 2011

Nationwide, rural electric utilities own and maintain 2.5 million miles of line. Since there are generally 18 wood poles for every mile of distribution line, electric systems rely on more than 37 million poles to safely and reliably deliver affordable power to your home.

Nebraska’s Grand Army of the Republic

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Only four of Nebraska’s Grand Army of the Republic halls still exist, including the William Baumer Post 24 in Nebraska City. Built in 1894, the hall is the only one of the halls in the state that has undergone restoration and development as a Civil War and GAR museum.

Departments EDITOR’S PAGE

4

SAFETY BRIEFS — Murphy

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CUT YOUR UTILITY BILLS by James Dulley

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RECIPES

20

ADULT PEN PALS

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MARKETPLACE/CLASSIFIEDS

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On the cover Many Nebraska communities were settled by veterans of the Civil War, such as the one depicted in Wayne Stroot's illustration "Grand Army of the Republic". See related article on Page 12.

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EDITOR’S PAGE

Placing a sign on a utility pole could endanger a life hat do yard sale signs, basketball hoops, deer stands, satellite dishes, and birdhouses have in common? Believe it or not, they’re often found illegally attached to utility poles. Last month I noticed someone had put a Halloween decoration on a pole near their driveway. It looked like a witch had crashed her broomstick into the pole. Whoever put it up there probably thought nothing about it. Unfortunately, safety issues caused by unapproved pole attachments place the lives of lineworkers and the public in danger. It may seem innocent, but a small nail partially driven into a pole can have deadly results around highvoltage electricity. Power poles are the backbone of the electric distribution system. Your local electric utility line crews climb these poles at all hours of the day and night, in the worst of conditions. Anything attached to utility poles can create serious hazards for our line personnel. Sharp objects like nails, tacks, staples, or barbed wire can puncture rubber gloves and other safety equipment, making linemen vulnerable to electrocution. Linemen wear rubber gloves for protection while working on power lines. A rip or tear, even a small one, in the glove can result in a serious risk of electrocution. Also boots or climbing spikes may get caught or slip, causing a fall. Lineworkers with Nebraska’s public power districts and electric co-ops have reported poles used as community bulletin boards, satellite mounts, and even support legs for deer stands, lights, and carports. Not only do these attachments put line crews at risk,

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by Wayne Price

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anyone illegally placing these items on poles comes dangerously close to energized power lines with thousands of volts of energy pulsing overhead. It’s always wise to keep any structure at least 10 feet away from utility poles. Unauthorized pole attachments violate the National Electrical Safety Code, the accepted manual containing guidelines for safe electrical engineering standards. Utilities strictly follow this code that includes a section that reads, “Signs, posters, notices, and other attachments shall not be placed on supporting structures without concurrence of the owner (the utility is the owner of the pole). Supporting structures should be kept free from other climbing hazards such as tacks, nails, vines, and through bolts not properly trimmed.” Everyone should also refrain from landscaping around the bottom of poles with flower boxes, paving stones or any other lawn ornaments. If a line worker should happen to fall on these, he could be injured more seriously. Please help us keep our linemen and our communities safe. Don’t attach any of these unauthorized and dangerous items to utility poles. Fixtures not belonging to the public power district or electric cooperative or another utility will be removed by utility line personnel; the utility is not responsible for any losses if an item is damaged or destroyed during removal. Your utility's line workers assure you reliable, efficient, dependable electric service. Please show them you care and want them to stay safe. Don't use power poles for signs and posters.

Rural Electric Nebraskan


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Topics Include: Effective Fundraising Message Development Campaign Budgeting Campaign Law Media Relations

Nebraska Rural Electric Association Candidate Training School Two Locations: November 17th -- LINCOLN November 18th -- NORTH PLATTE

Registration Info: 402-475-4988 NEBRASKA RURAL ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION


Sile nt S enti nels 6

Electric poles remain the key to safe, reliable, affordable power

by Megan McKoy-Noe he path of power to your home is guarded by silent sentinels — utility poles that are under constant attack by Mother Nature and, sometimes, by people. “More than 94,000 miles of line, supported by utility poles, keeps power flowing across Nebraska,” explains Jay Holmquist, general manager of the Nebraska Rural Electric Association. Nationwide, rural electric utilities own and maintain 2.5 million miles of line stretching across three-quarters of the U.S. landmass. Some lines are buried, but more than 2 million miles of lines are above ground. Since there are generally 18 wood poles for every mile of distribution line, electric systems rely on more than 37 million poles to safely and reliably deliver affordable power to your home.

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Pole Patterns Utility poles take several forms: concrete, steel, ductile iron, composite fiberglass, and — overwhelmingly — wood. Why do utilities prefer treated timber? Tried-and-true wood poles are more affordable — steel and composite fiberglass poles often cost at least twice as much, although these alternatives claim a longer lifespan (most have not been in service long enough to verify the claims).

Rural Electric Nebraskan


Combined with a last much longer. To proven service life lengthen a pole’s life, than can span sevwood is pressureeral decades, treated with presertreated wood poles vatives. But no matprovide the most ter how strong a pole affordable choice may be, both nature for most cooperaand people threaten tives. a pole’s ability to “Generally, utiliserve. ties turn to alterWood poles battle a native poles when wide array of advernothing else will saries: acidic soil in work,” explains the Midwest, heavy Holmquist. “If moisture in the you’ve got a woodSouth, and woodpecker problem, peckers in the Midwood simply won’t Atlantic. Utilities cut it. Utilities in generally inspect storm-saturated poles on a 10- to 12Public power districts and electric cooperatives own and maintain more parts of the counyear cycle to identify than 41 million utility poles across two-thirds of the U.S. landmass. try may turn to potential problems. Photographs by Wayne Price underground Poles age differently lines, but more often than not these depending on region, so RUS dividwith both manufacturers and utiliutilities opt to ‘harden’ their lines by ed the nation into five decay zones. ties to monitor pole construction installing larger wood poles and Poles in Zone 1 — Idaho, Montana, conditions and make sure utilities shortening the span between poles Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Colorado, invest in high-quality poles that to help the system weather storms Arizona, New Mexico, and portions meet strict federal Rural Utilities more successfully.” of Alaska, Nebraska, South Dakota, Service (RUS) standards. For utilities battling copper crime, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas face ductile iron poles offer an interestthe lowest risk of decay, while Zone Double Duty ing option — they eliminate the 5 poles in Louisiana, Florida, Not only do poles support the need for copper grounding wires Hawaii, and the coastal regions of nation’s power system; telecommurunning up the side of a pole. But Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, nication companies often rent space these poles aren’t as easy to climb in South Carolina, and Virginia suson poles to attach telephone and a pinch, and could pose a problem if tain the highest risk. Utilities gencable wires. not easily accessible by bucket erally replace 2 to 3 percent of aging Each pole, averaging a height of truck. and decaying poles every year. 40 feet, breaks down into three “Electric utilities expect poles are Natural decay, storm damage, and zones. The supply space, which shutgoing to last at least 40 years in the bird and bug attacks aren’t the only tles electricity from generation field, barring unpreventable storm concerns. People shorten a pole’s plants and substations to homes damage and other accidents,” stresslifespan, too. and businesses, can be found at the es Jim Carter, executive vice presiThe National American Wood top of every pole. In most cases, a dent for Wood Quality Control, Inc. Council estimates 5 percent of poles crossarm — a beam fixed horizon(WQC), a subsidiary of the National replaced annually were broken by tally across the top of the pole — Rural Electric Cooperative car accidents. Attaching signs, basdivides the supply space from the Association. WQC estimates cooperketball hoops, clothes lines, birdmiddle neutral space, called a safe atives are responsible for between a houses, satellite dishes, or other zone. The safe zone forms a barrier quarter to a third of the nation’s items to wood poles with staples or between lines carrying high-voltage annual wood pole production. nails can also shorten a pole’s lifeselectricity and the area rented to Each year, public power districts pan. Not only do these items create other utilities, known as the comand electric co-ops spend roughly safety hazards when lineworkers munications space. $300 million to purchase close to 1 need to climb a pole; the small incurmillion wood poles and 2 million sions speed a pole’s decay. Hazardous Mission crossarms — amounting to a whopSources: NRECA, Wood Quality Affordable wood poles stand the test ping 20 percent to 33 percent of a Control, Inc., American Wood of time — each pole’s lifespan utility’s annual materials budget. Protection Association, Western ranges from 30 to 50 years, and in WQC, created in 1982, works closely Wood Preservers Institute the right conditions, a wood pole can

November 2011

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Giving Efficiency

by Kelly Trapnell

ith the holiday rush starting earlier and earlier every year, get a jumpstart on your shopping wish list with some great green gifts. Using the tips below, you can have everything wrapped up before the ho, ho, ho turns into go, go, go!

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Why give efficiency? Green giving is thoughtful on many levels. The person receiving the gift has a new gadget to use that keep long-term electric costs low yearround. “Choosing a green gift can be easy,” says Brian Sloboda, senior program manager for the Cooperative Research Network (CRN). “Be aware of energy use. Look for any mention of energy ratings on large appliances

and televisions, or select unplugged gifts. Think solar, reusable, and recyclable. Even something as small as the packaging and wrapping can make a difference.” Look for items with lightweight packaging. And think about wrapping your gift in something like a fabric bag that can be reused or even an accessory like a scarf to tie things up. Green Gift Ideas • For Decorators: LED Christmas lights ($15-$35) – These energy-efficient lights are becoming easier to find. They save on high holiday electric bills and stay cool to the touch. For a festive complete package, wrap in a decorative stocking. Although LEDs might be more expensive than incandescent lights at the time of purchase, energy savings over their life make them a big money saver. And prices continue to fall down as the technology becomes less expensive. At HomeDepot.com, you can get a 50-count strand of white lights or multicolored lights for around $12. Check at your local hardware store for possible gift ideas. • For Gardeners: Solar garden lights ($15-$50) - Available in endless colors, styles, and sizes, solar garden lights can be a lovely addition to your favorite green thumb’s garden. To up the green quotient, wrap in a burlap bag. • For Cooks: Toaster oven ($60 – $140) – Especially great for the empty nester or those only cooking for one or two, toaster ovens are a good choice to save energy as an alternative to heating a large standard oven. • For Movie Buffs or Sports Fans: Energy Star-rated TV (price based on size) – Televisions are getting bigger and better. But before you give something that uses as much electricity as a refrigerator, look for the Energy Star label. It will offer the smallest impact possible on your electric bills. • For Techies: Smart strip ($20 $40) – This new cutting-edge technology is great for plugging in electronic gadgets. Not your average

Rural Electric Nebraskan


Give useful, energy-smart gifts like a toaster oven. It requires less energy to heat than a standard oven. Photograph by Kelly Trapnell

power strip, smart strips sport designated outlets that make it easy to power down certain devices to save energy while not affecting others plugged into the same strip. Solar cell phone charger ($55 $100+) – Help unplug energy-sucking chargers from the wall; solar chargers can be placed in a window to charge a cell phone or other devices like a GPS unit or even MP3 players anywhere the sun shines, even in a car on-the-go! There are many options when you start looking for green gifts. Get creative, and remember that what you give impacts future electric bills. So give the green light for energysmart gifts this year! Kelly Trapnell writes on safety and energy efficiency issues for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, the Arlington, Va.-based service arm of the nation’s 900-plus consumer-owned, not-for-profit public power districts and electric cooperatives.

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November 2011

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Rural Poll: Majority believe they're better off than five years ago robust agricultural economy has shielded many rural Nebraskans from the worst of the recession, and the Nebraska Rural Poll shows a majority believe they’re better off today than five years ago and many are confident conditions in their lives will continue to improve. The 16th annual University of Nebraska-Lincoln poll, taken in March and April, details responses from 2,490 households in the state’s nonmetropolitan counties. Fifty-two percent of poll respondents said they believe they are better off than they were five years ago, up from 50 percent last year and the second highest proportion in the poll's history. There also was a slight decrease -- from 21 percent to 18 percent -- in the percentage of people who believe they are worse off than they were five years ago. A slight increase also was seen this year in the percentage of people who think they will be better off 10 years from now -- from 42 percent in 2010 to 45 percent this year. About 20 percent said they expect to be worse off, down from 23 percent in 2010. Sixty-nine percent of respondents involved in agriculture said they were better off or much better off than they were five years ago, leading the eight professional demographic groups. Just 43 percent of those involved in construction, installation or maintenance felt that way. As to the question about how they expected to be doing 10 years from now, though, 45 percent of those involved in agriculture said they expected to be better off or much better off. That compares to 58 percent of those involved in health care support, public safety and sales and office support. The 2011 poll also showed rural Nebraskans consider themselves entrepreneurial. Fifty-seven percent rated themselves somewhat or very entrepreneurial. Thirty per-

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cent said they were somewhat or very non-entrepreneurial. Respondents in communities with fewer than 500 people were more likely than those in communities with populations of 1,000 to 4,999 to consider themselves entrepreneurial -- 64 and 54 percent, respectively.

Connie Reimers-Hild, UNL Extension educator in entrepreneurship and innovation, noted entrepreneurship is defined more broadly than starting and running one’s own business. “I think we tend to believe entrepreneurs are more common in metro areas,” she said. “But there are other things happening out there, and there's a lot of potential out there.” “It goes beyond starting a business to finding some creative solutions to doing some things new or different in their communities,” she said. Following past years’ trends, rural Nebraskans are most satisfied with their marriages, families, friends, religions/spirituality and the outdoors. They remain less sat-

isfied with job opportunities, current income levels and financial security during retirement. In the past year, though, there was an increase in satisfaction with income level, from 50 to 55 percent, the second highest percentage in the poll’s 16-year history. And satisfaction with financial security during retirement increased from 32 to 38 percent from 2010 to this year. However, satisfaction with job opportunities decreased from 42 to 38 percent. In another finding, 53 percent of respondents said they are leaders in their work/career. Twenty-five percent described themselves as leaders in social organizations and activities, and 14 percent consider themselves leaders in their local community. Brad Lubben, UNL Extension public policy specialist, noted a theme that ran through much of the 2011 Rural Poll’s findings on a variety of topics. Education is central to satisfaction, economic development, and technology access. The Rural Poll team likes to describe this as the project’s “stay in school” message. “Education affects everything in your life,” said Randy Cantrell, rural sociologist with the Nebraska Rural Initiative. The Rural Poll is the largest annual poll of rural Nebraskans’ perceptions on quality of life and policy issues. This year’s response rate was about 39 percent. The margin of error is plus or minus 2 percent. Complete results are available online at ruralpoll.unl.edu. The university’s Center for Applied Rural Innovation conducts the poll in cooperation with the Nebraska Rural Initiative with funding from UNL Extension and the Agricultural Research Division in the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Source: University of Nebraska Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources

Rural Electric Nebraskan


Don’t invite Old Man Winter into your home!

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he weather outside might be frightful, but inside, you can still keep things delightful. This winter, save money and stay warm. Considering that nearly half the energy you use in the home goes towards keeping things comfortable, often there are huge energy-saving opportunities you may not have considered. Keep your energy bills low this winter by taking a whole-house approach to heating. Seal it up! • Weatherstrip and caulk windows. Check window frames for cracks and fill them with caulk that contains silicon. Putty-like "rope caulk" can help seal large cracks. • Replace any broken window panes and repair any large holes in attics, crawlspaces or basements. • Close the fireplace damper and seal the opening shut when not in use. • Keep doors and windows closed as much as possible. That includes overhead doors on attached garages. Install foam insulation gaskets behind electric outlets and switch plate covers. • Seal exposed ductwork. Sealing helps your heating system run more efficiently and also ensures that heated air gets to where it should go.

the air. Moister air feels warmer, so a humidifier can help you feel comfortable even though your thermostat is set at a lower temperature. Check it! • Check all exterior doors for air leaks. A one-eighth-inch gap around a door is equivalent to a 6-inch-square hole in the side of your house and causes a lot of energy loss. Have someone stand on the other side of the door and shine a flashlight around the door's perimeter. If you can see light through the cracks, your door needs sealing. • If you have a forced air furnace, inspect filters at the beginning of the heating season and monthly during the season. Clean or replace them if there is significant dust build up. • Measure attic insulation. If it is less than 7 inches deep or if it is less than R-38, consider upgrading with spray-foam or batt insulation.

Open it! • During the heating season, keep the draperies and shades on south facing windows open during the day to allow sunlight to enter the home and closed at night to reduce the chill from cold windows. Tune it up! • Get your furnace inspected and tuned up by a heating professional. • Install a programmable thermostat and set it to lower the temperature at night and whenever the house is unoccupied. Lowering your thermostat by 10 degrees at night and unoccupied times can reduce heating bills by 10 to 20 percent. Remember, a programmable thermostat only saves energy when it is programmed! • Get a humidifier to add moisture to

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he Grand Army of Republic the formed in 1866 out of the aftermath of the “War of the Rebellion” as Union veterans searched for camaraderie and political power. It was founded in Decatur, Illinois on April 6, 1866. Membership was limited to honorably discharged veterans of the Union Army, Navy, Marine Corps or the Revenue Cutter Service Confederate money is on who had served between display at the museum. April 12, 1861 and April 9, 1865. In Nebraska, 365 towns organized GAR posts, the first in 1867 in Omaha.This was helped by the large number of Civil War veterans that settled in Nebraska in the 1860s and 1870s. Many were taking advantage of special provisions of the Homestead Act of 1862. The community level organization was called a “Post” and each was numbered consecutively within each Department. Most Posts also had a name and the rules for naming Posts included the requirement that the honored person be deceased and that no two Posts within the same Department could have the same name. Of the 365 individual Posts started in Nebraska, only 100 of those built a permanent structure for gatherings and activities. Many met in churches or member’s homes. Only four of Nebraska’s GAR halls still exist, including the William Baumer Post 24 in Nebraska City. Built in 1894, the hall is the only one of the halls in the state that has undergone restoration and development as a Civil War and GAR museum. It is the largest Civil War Museum in the Midwest. Tim Engel serves as President on the Board of Directors of the Civil War Veterans Museum. “The Hall is a reminder to us and to our children of the presence of Civil War veterans in Nebraska City and the role they played in the growth of the community, state and nation after the war,” Engel said. William Baumer Post Above: A portrait of William 24, Nebraska City, was Baumer hangs in the Hall. mustered on August 2, Left: The Post flag is on 1879. The Post was named display at the museum. for one of Nebraska’s native Civil War veterans. Colonel Baumer commanded the 1st Nebraska Infantry in which over 200 Nebraska

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A look at Nebraska’s

Grand Army of the

Republic by Wayne Price

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Rural Electric Nebraskan


City volunteers served. ing the sacrifices of fallen Construction of the comrades, beginning the Nebraska City GAR hall celebration of Memorial began in 1894 and it was Day. dedicated in March, 1895. Membership would never The Post served as a meetbe expanded or opened to ing place for the GAR and any others, not even wives, Baumer the William mothers or sons. If you Woman's Relief Corps No. wore the badge of the 107 (WRC) as well as a GAR, it meant the wearer community gathering had served his country place. Many groups, both during the war, had political and social, were defended the Union. But, allowed to use the buildthis also meant that when ing. Youth groups, temperthe last Union Civil War ance meetings, and variveteran died, the organizaous woman's groups met tion would die with him. in the hall, Engel said. Post 24 closed in 1935, “The GAR was a fraterwhen the last local Post nal organization but they member, William Balfour, were also a civic organizadied. The Department tion,” said Engel. “They would not close until 1948, gave assistance to veterwhen Nebraska's last Civil an’s wives, widows and War veteran, Michael orphans. The post would Bondell, died in Beatrice. pay for the burial of some Even after the Post and of its members.” Departments closed, the In the political arena, hall continued to serve the the GAR was a mighty community as a communiforce. It founded soldiers' ty meeting site. homes, was active in relief The final Encampment of work and in pension legisthe Grand Army of the lation. Five members were Republic was held in elected President of the Indianapolis, Indiana in Above: Tim Engel holds a rifle from the Civil War. United States and, for a 1949 and the last member, Below: A photograph from a celebration in the GAR Hall in time, it was impossible to Albert Woolson died in 1898. be nominated on the 1956 at the age of 109 Republican ticket without the endorsement of the GAR years. voting block. In 1991, the GAR Hall, Inc., a non-profit Nebraska corIn 1868, Commander-in-Chief John A. Logan issued poration, was formed to preserve and restore the building General Order No. 11 calling for all Departments and to its original condition. Nebraska City resident Brian Posts to set aside the 30th of May as a day for rememberVolkmer was instrumental in organizing the Nebraska City Museum Association. The main room of the building contains memorabilia and artifacts of the GAR and Civil War history. Many of the artifacts were donated by families of Civil War veterans, including a surgeon’s kit and many rifles. The Ralph Kruger Research Library, named for a Nebraska City native instrumental in the preservation of the Hall, contains books, magazines, and videos to assist visitors wanting to learn more about the history of the Civil War and the GAR, or to explore genealogical ties to veterans. The museum is located at 910 First Corso and is open from Noon to 4 p.m. every Friday, Saturday and Sunday from April through October. Engel encourages schools and student groups to visit and learn about Nebraska’s role in the Civil War.

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Seal your home (and wallet) taying comfortable at home often means turning up the heat or air conditioning. But comfort can be costly if your home is not properly sealed from the elements. Roughly half of the energy used by a home powers heating and cooling. In a poorly insulated home, conditioned air slips outside. Sometimes air leaks are obvious. If you pass by a window or door and feel a change in temperature, something is wrong. Some folks think it means they need new windows, and that could be the case. But for most, spending a few minutes and a few dollars to seal a home adds up to big savings. Cold air enters a home through small openings. To find problem areas, use a lit incense stick or a recently extinguished match and move it around the edge of closed windows and doors. Here are a few remedies to fix the problem: • Add weather stripping to the edges of windows and doors. Stripping typically uses sticky tape to adhere to the side of the window and fill gaps. • If your home uses single pane windows, consider adding storm windows as added insulation. • Replace old cracked caulking. Make sure you use caulking designed for the application. There are different types of caulk for exterior, interior, and bathroom applications; don’t use bathroom caulk on the outside of your home. Also, make sure the caulk can be painted if you want it to blend in with the rest of your home. • Use insulated curtains to prevent further heat loss. • Remove window air conditioning units when summer ends. A quick walk around the outside of your home reveals other prime candidates for quick and easy repairs. Anytime a hole is drilled into a home, it creates potential for energy loss. Check pipe and wire penetrations — they should be sealed on both exterior and interior walls. This not only

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helps prevent energy loss, but also keeps critters from taking up residence. The ductwork of a forced air furnace, central AC unit, or heat pump is another source of energy loss. According to Energy Star, sealing and insulting ducts improves system efficiency by as much as 20 percent. Of course, this requires effort and time. First, focus on ducts running through unconditioned crawl spaces, garages, and attics. Seal ducts using a special duct sealant or metal tape

ed varies depending on your home’s location. R-values reflect the ability of insulation to resist the transfer of heat. Higher R-values indicate more effective insulation. The typical home will need anywhere from R-38 to R-49 in an attic and R-25 in floors. You can get advice on how much insulation you need at your local hardware store. In an ideal world, wall insulation should also be increased, but this generally is not practical. Remember, no amount of insulation will help if doors or windows are left open. A rush of cold outside air can cause your heating unit to fire up,

Since there are several different types of caulk, make sure you pick the one that’s right for the job. Photograph provided by Touchstone Energy Cooperatives that can be found at most home improvement stores. Despite the name, don’t use duct tape — it doesn’t last as long as sealant or metal tape. Once ducts are sealed, check connections at bends and air registers to make sure everything is tight. Once finished, wrap ducts with insulation. Since this may be a dirty and timeconsuming job, many homeowners ask a HVAC company to perform this work. Another dirty job involves adding insulation to the attic and floors exposed to crawl spaces or unheated areas. The amount of insulation need-

especially if the door isn’t closed right away. Create a jar and charge repeat offenders $1 each time a door is left open when someone leaves or enters the home. Use that money to buy caulking and weather stripping to seal up windows and other cracks. Sealing your home can even into a fun activity. Have each member of the family explore the house and identify problem areas. Whoever finds the most areas to fix gets to be the foreman while the rest of the family fixes the problems. It’s a fun and simple way to get the entire family engaged as you work together to seal your home and your wallet!

Rural Electric Nebraskan


Could fuel cells be the future? by Brian Sloboda

ost homes, vehicles, and businesses are powered using electricity or a fossil fuel such as natural gas, gasoline, diesel, propane, or fuel oil. Now, a new option is beginning to emerge: fuel cells. Public power districts and electric cooperatives have a long history of exploring the potential of fuel cell technology. Through the Arlington, Va.-based Cooperative Research Network (CRN), rural electric utilities have been investigating different types of fuel cells for more than a decade. While the technology is evolving, the cost is still hefty. Studies recently conducted by CRN around the country found that while fuel cells (using PEM technology) designed for residential use do work, they carry a huge price tag— producing electricity for a whopping 85 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh). Comparatively, the average price of electricity in the U.S. is 11.5 cents per kWh. A fuel cell works like a battery that is constantly charged by putting a fuel into its negative terminal. It creates a chemical reaction, most often involving hydrogen forming with oxygen, but another common fuel is natural gas. One of the main byproducts of the chemical reaction is water, making the process generally pollution free. Normally, fuel cells generate only a small amount of electricity and must be combined into larger stacks to produce enough power for homes, cars, and workplaces. Currently, five main types of fuel cells exist: polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM), alkaline, phosphoric acid, molten carbonate, and solid oxide. Each uses a different electrolyte and comes with advantages and disadvantages. One solid oxide-based fuel cell,

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November 2011

The Bloom Box is a high-profile fuel cell type that received much media attention in 2010. Photograph provided by Bloom Energy called the Bloom Box, has received a significant amount of media attention early in 2010. The device burst onto the scene with endorsements by luminaries like as Gen. Colin Powell, then- California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. The product was even featured on 60 Minutes and has been installed at major Internet-based firms such as Google and eBay. Analysis of the Bloom Box shows that those costs can be lowered—the unit can generate electricity for 8

cents to 10 cents per kWh, but only with hefty federal and state renewable energy subsidies tossed in. And the Bloom Box can’t maintain consistent output day-in, day-out for years like a typical baseload power plant. In fact, a 100-kilowatt solid oxide fuel cell like the Bloom Box, running on natural gas at a 48 percent efficiency rate, carries a unit price of about $7,000 to $8,000 per kilowatt—about the same as a nuclear power plant. To be successful over the long term, fuel cell efficiency will need to increase from the 40 percent to 60 percent typically found. And given pressures on federal and state budgets, fuel cells will need to operate economically without relying on government incentives to stay competitive with more traditional generation sources. Public power district and electric cooperatives will be at the forefront of educating members on the advantages and disadvantages of the technology. 1SF"TTFNCMFE *OTUBMMTJO.JOVUFT

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SAFETY BRIEFS

Look up and look out for overhead power lines arvest season is one of the busiest times of year for farmers – and among the most dangerous. Before taking to the fields, Nebraska Public Power District and its wholesale public power partners urge farm workers to be aware of overhead power lines and to keep equipment and extensions far away from them. “Electrical equipment around the fields, such as power lines in the end row areas, may get overlooked during this busy time of year,” says John Humphrey, NPPD’s transmission and distribution manager. “However, failure to notice overhead power lines can be a deadly oversight. As a rule of thumb, we ask that farm workers look up and look out for overhead power lines.” NPPD urges farm workers to heed these safety measures: • Each day, review all farm activities and work practices that will take place around power lines and remind all workers to take precautions. • Know the location of power lines

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and when setting up the farm equipment, be at least 20 feet away from them. Contact your local power provider if you feel this distance cannot be achieved.

• Use care when raising augers or the bed of a grain truck. It can be difficult to estimate distance, and sometimes a power line is closer than it looks. When moving large equipment or high loads near a power line, always use a spotter to make certain that contact is not made with a line. • Always lower portable augers or elevators to their lowest possible level - under 14 feet - before moving

or transporting them. Variables like wind, uneven ground, shifting weight, or other conditions can combine to create an unexpected result. • Be aware of increased height when loading and transporting larger modern tractors with higher antennas. • Never attempt to raise or move a power line to clear a path! • As in any outdoor work, be careful not to raise any equipment such as ladders, poles, or rods into power lines. Remember, non-metallic materials such as lumber, tree limbs, tires, ropes, and hay will conduct electricity depending on dampness and dust and dirt contamination. Humphrey added that everyone involved in harvesting work should understand that any contact with power lines carries the potential for a serious or even a fatal accident, and should understand that electricity can arc to the equipment if it comes close to the line. “With good planning, looking up and looking out, we can all have a safe harvest season,” he added.

Rural Electric Nebraskan


Hunters need to be aware of deer diseases brings the total number of deer sampled since testing began to 45,887 with 257 confirmed positive for CWD.

ebraska hunters should be aware of the possibility of encountering the following deer diseases when afield this fall: chronic wasting disease (CWD), brain worm and deer lice. None of these diseases is known to be harmful to humans, according to the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

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Brain worm This is caused by a parasitic worm that lives in the brain of whitetailed deer without harming them. When this worm is eaten by mule deer, it may make them sick and may lead to death. Mule deer with brain worm may be found walking in tight circles, unafraid of humans when approached, throwing their heads or displaying other neurological symptoms. In areas where mule deer and white-tailed deer populations overlap, eight deer have been confirmed with brain worm in 2011.

Chronic Wasting Disease This disease, discovered in western Nebraska in 2000, is always fatal to deer when contracted. Deer with CWD can range in appearance from healthy looking to thin and rough looking. CWD occurs primarily in the Panhandle, but it now extends across the western half of the state. Biologists last year sampled 3,645 deer from check stations during the November firearm season, with 51 new CWD positives confirmed. This

Deer lice These exotic chewing lice have begun to infest mule deer in western

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Nebraska. Chewing lice infest mule deer, creating an allergic reaction that leads to the deer scratching and rubbing to relieve itching. Deer with lice may rub hair off, creating a rough look to entire patches of hair missing. Deer eventually may become sick and die from hypothermia because of the loss of their hair coat. Deer sick with lice may appear lethargic, unafraid of humans and in poor condition. Deer lice may be found in large numbers under the legs of infested animals. There have been six confirmed cases of deer mortality caused by these lice in 2011. Hunters discovering deer with symptoms for brain worm or deer lice should report them to their local district Game and Parks office. Source: Nebraska Game & Parks Commission

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CUT YOUR UTILITY BILLS

Maintain a clean fireplace for winter safety by James Dulley

I used my masonry fireplace Q :often during winter to cut my utility bills. The draft seemed to be getting weaker. What chimney problems should I look for when I inspect it and how can I reduce creosote? : Tens of thousands of chimney

A fires occur every year due to creosote buildup and other problems with chimneys. In many cases, the entire house ends up burning down and many lives are lost. These thousands of chimney fires result in as much as $200 million in property losses each year. Since you have noticed reduced draft up the chimney, schedule an appointment with a professional chimney cleaner. If you are lucky as I was when my fireplace demonstrated the same draft problems, the screening in the chimney cap was just clogged with soot. This blocked the air flow up the chimney. Just tapping the screening with a rubber mallet was enough to knock the soot loose. I later replaced the chimney cap with one with a more open mesh. If you are not as lucky, there may have already been a creosote fire inside your chimney. The heat from the fire can cause the tile liner to crack and fall from the masonry wall. When this happens, the broken tile may restrict the air flow up the chimney reducing the draft. You should be able to see a broken loose tile when looking down the chimney with a bright light. A chimney fire can also cause the creosote to puff up. It expands and feels somewhat like plastic cooler foam. If you can run a brush down the chimney, some of this puffed creosote may fall down into the firebox. If you find either a broken tile or puffed creosote, your chimney will definitely

18

need a professional cleaning and inspection with a camera. If repairs are needed, get estimates from several chimney maintenance companies. In my own case, one chimney company found puffed creosote and claimed the tiles were also loose. They gave me a quote of $7,000 to repair my chimney. Another company cleaned and inspected the chimney

This patch system repairs and seals the flashing around the base of the chimney. A piece of mesh is covered with tough a polymer material that adheres well. Photograph provided by SaverSystems with a camera, but found no broken tiles. For $200 total, they also sealed the chimney crown and my fireplace has worked fine for years now. There are some things you can do to reduce creosote buildup. First, use well-seasoned wood and do not try to choke off the combustion air too much to extend the burn time. Special fireplace logs are available which contain chemicals to reduce creosote formation in the chimney. Using these periodically can help keep the chimney clean. SaverSystems, (800) 860-6327, www.saversystems.com, offers a spray to use on regular wood logs and other cleaners to minimize creosote. I now use this spray.

You can clean the chimney yourself on occasion if you do not mind getting a little dirty. This does not eliminate the need for a professional inspection. A local chimney supply store should carry a brush to fit your chimney. Always wear a high-quality breathing mask so you do not inhale the fine dust particles. Seal the fireplace opening into the room with plastic film and duct tape. Also, put a large drop cloth on the floor in front of the hearth. No matter how well you try to seal it, some black dust seems to always get through. Go up on the roof and run the chimney brush up and down many times. Wear a safety harness and tie yourself to the chimney when on the roof and always have someone nearby to call for help if needed. It might be overkill, but I always wear my bicycle helmet and a mountain climbing harness so I can lower myself down slowly if I lose my footing. Much of the hazardous damage to chimneys is caused by moisture entering from outside. This moisture can migrate through the brick and the mortar joints into the chimney. This is bad everywhere, but particularly so in cold climates with a repeated freeze/thaw cycles during winter. Use a water- or solvent-based sealer on the chimney bricks and mortar. The crown of the chimney is another location for moisture to enter. Tap on it lightly with a hammer to locate any loose areas and brush them away. If the crown is still in good condition, coat it with a special elastomer crown repair compound. If you have a problem during winter, SaverSystems offers a special crown sealer that cures below freezing temperatures. Check the condition of the mortar joints. Where you find loose mortar, fill in the gaps with an elastomer concrete-colored sealer.

Send inquiries to James Dulley, Rural Electric Nebraskan, 6906 Royalgreen Dr., Cincinnati, OH 45244 or visit www.dulley.com.

Rural Electric Nebraskan


Nissan, GE partner on electric cars issan makes electric cars. General Electric makes chargers. So it’s easy to see why they’re partnering to get more Americans to drive an electric car off the lot. The companies signed a two-year agreement to work together, with a focus on developing charging infrastructure. The research will zero in on two areas: integrating the cars with homes and other buildings, and the impact that millions of such cars will eventually have on the grid. Nissan has sold more than 7,000 of its all-electric Leafs in the U.S. this year. All have been imported, but the automaker plans to build them in Tennessee beginning next year. Even before the agreement was announced Sept. 30, the companies were already looking into ways the Leaf can be incorporated into GE’s Smart Home concept. That involves a home energy monitoring system which communicates with appliances, so that they run when electricity is cheapest and the impact on the grid is lessened. Mark Little, senior vice president and director of GE Global Research, noted that electric cars are prompting automakers to form new alliances. “One of the biggest connections being made,� Little said, “is with companies that generate and provide electricity.� Source: Electric Co-op Today

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DOWN HOME

RECIPES

Turkey Casserole 2 cups turkey, cooked and diced 2 tablespoons margarine 1 cup chopped celery 1/2 cup chopped green pepper 1/3 cup slice green onions 1 (20 oz.) can pineapple tidbits, drain

1/2 cup shredded Monterey Jack cheese 1 (4.5 oz) can chopped green chilies 4 cups cooked white rice 1/2 cup sour cream 1/2 teaspoon salt

Sauté celery, green pepper & onion in margarine until tender. In large bowl, combine sautéed vegetables and all remaining ingredients & mix well. Pour into buttered 2-quart baking dish, top with desired amount of additional Monterey Jack cheese. Bake uncovered for 30 minutes at 375 degree oven.

Debra Gaedke, North Platte, Nebraska

Cranberry Sauce Salad

Turkey Breast Diane Non-stick cooking spray 1 Pound Turkey Breast Cutlets, pounded to an even thickness 2 Teaspoons lemon pepper seasonings 2 Tablespoons freshly squeezed lemon juice 1 Tablespoon Worcestershire sauce 1 Teaspoon Dijon mustard 1 Teaspoon fresh parsley, chopped Lemon wedges for garnish Coat a large skillet with cooking spray and heat pan over medium heat for 30 seconds. Sprinkle both sides of turkey cutlets with lemon pepper. Place turkey in hot skillet and saute for 3 to 5 minutes on each side until browned and no longer pink in the center. Combine remaining ingredients in a small mixing bowl, mixing well. Add to pan and cook until heated through. Garnish with lemon wedges and parsley.

Recipe provided by the National Turkey Federation

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1/2 can jellied cranberry sauce 1 cup hot water 1 pkg (3 oz) red cherry gelatin 1 cup finely chopped raw apple 1/2 cup finely chopped celery Dissolve gelatin in hot water. Add the cranberry sauce to the hot mixture to dissolve it. Use a fine potato masher to help dissolve the cranberry sauce. When cool add the celery and apple. Refrigerate until ready to serve.

Eva Hartman, Hayes Center, Nebraska

Harvest Sweet Potato Pie 2 unbaked pie crust 1/2 cup milk 8 sweet potatoes (3 cups) Topping: 3/4 cup sugar 1/2 stick margarine 2 eggs 1 cup chopped pecans 1 teaspoon vanilla 1 cup flour 1/2 stick margarine 1 cup brown sugar 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon Boil sweet potatoes or yams in jackets and peel. Mash potatoes and mix all ingredients together. Pour into 2 unbaked pie crusts. Mix topping ingredients and sprinkle over potatoes. Bake at 350 degrees for 25 minutes. Recipe can easily be cut into half for one pie.

Margaret Trojan, Beaver Crossing, Nebraska

Rural Electric Nebraskan


NOV - 1: Christian widow in northeast central Nebraska town. Where are you? Would like NS/ND with no pets, 75-85. Please send church, phone, & photo. Will answer for pen pal & friendship. NOV - 2: DWM, 51, 5’8”, 160 lbs., honest, hardworking person with a stable career from the Panhandle looking for companionship. I enjoy the outdoors, cooking, gardening, going out to dinner, and movies.

To appear in print The Rural Electric Nebraskan Adult Pen Pal Service is exclusively for member-readers ages 18 and over. To be considered for use, submissions must: (1) Identify rural electric system providing magazine; (2) Include $6 to cover mail forwarding costs; (3) Be 25 words or fewer; (4) Include full name and mailing address (will not be used in magazine); and (5) Be first person, submitted directly by person to receive responses. Acceptance, editing and issue scheduling is at editor’s discretion. Address all submissions to Rural Electric Nebraskan Adult Pen Pal Service, P.O. Box 82048, Lincoln, NE 68501. All responses received by the Adult Pen Pal Service are routed directly, postage paid, to the response number assigned to each submission. To write To respond to one of the adult pen pal requests, write letter, place in envelope, seal and affix first class postage. Address to full, correct response #, c/o Rural Electric Nebraskan Adult Pen Pal Service, P.O. Box 82048, Lincoln, NE 68501. Your letter will be forwarded unopened. Do not send money or additional postage; forwarding is prepaid. Enclose your full mailing address for return correspondence. Once again . . . it is very important that all responses carry the full response number—both month and number—to be properly forwarded. Abbreviation Code C — Christian; C/W — Country-western; D — Divorced; F — Female; M — Male; NS — Non-Smoker; ND — Non-Drinker; R&R — Rock and roll; S — Single; W — White; Wid — Widowed

November 2011

Enjoys camping, horses, trail riding, rodeos, country fair, C/W music, and dancing. Looking for a 50s-60s, NS, fit & fun man to share good times. Photo & phone number appreciated. NOV - 7: DWF, NS/ND, 62, 5’6” young at heart lady from central Nebraska looking for male companionship. Just someone to talk to, go to a movie with, out to eat, or a country drive.

NOV - 3: 54, CDM, 54, NS, live on farm in eastern Nebraska. Enjoy rural way of life, value family and friends, like traveling, C/W concerts, rodeos, and fairs. Looking for a young at heart lady, 45-55, who is fun-loving, easy to talk to, enjoys rural life, to share time & activities. Be best friends and work to serious relationship. Send phone number and let’s talk. NOV - 4: SWCF, NS/ND, from eastern Nebraska. Enjoys cooking, board games, movies, eating out, travel, church and country movies. Looking for compatible Christian male 65-75 who shares similar interests. NOV - 5: DWF, 61, would like to meet caring, honest man to enjoy life with. I have a variety of interests. I am family oriented. Write and tell me about yourself and your interests. Photo would be appreciated. Will answer all. NOV - 6: DWF, 50-ish, NS, dark hair & eyes, 5’8”, 155 lbs, farmers daughter from central Nebraska. ll Ca ree F l Tol

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How does Harbor Freight Tools sell high quality tools at such ridiculously low prices? We buy direct from the factories who also supply the major brands and sell direct to you. It's just that simple! See for yourself at one of our 370 Stores Nationwide and use this 20% Off Coupon on one of our 7,000 products*, plus pick up a Free 9 LED Aluminum Flashlight, a $6.99 value. We stock Shop Equipment, Hand Tools, Tarps, Compressors, Air & Power Tools, Woodworking Tools, Welders, Tool Boxes, Generators, and much more. • • • •

Over 20 Million Satisfied Customers! 1 Year Competitor's Low Price Guarantee No Hassle Return Policy! 100% Satisfaction Guaranteed!

Nobody Beats Our Quality, Service and Price! R ! PE ON SU UP CO

FREE! 3-1/2" SUPER BRIGHT NINE LED ALUMINUM FLASHLIGHT REG. PRICE $6.99

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 1 Free item only available with qualifying minimum purchase (excluding price of free gift item). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases. Offer good while supplies last. Shipping & Handling charges may apply if free item not picked up in-store. Coupon cannot be bought, sold or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the offer. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

7 FT. 4" x 9 FT. 6" ALL PURPOSE WEATHER RESISTANT TARP

SAVE 50%

LOT NO. 46807

1

$ 99

REG. PRICE $8.99

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

MOVER'S DOLLY

1000 LB. CAPACITY

SAVE 46%

3

4-1/2" ANGLE GRINDER LOT NO. 95578

SAVE 50%

9

$ 99

REG. PRICE $19.99

ANY SINGLE ITEM!

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 1 Use this coupon to save 20% on any one single item purchased when you shop at a Harbor Freight Tools store. *Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on any of the following: gift cards, Inside Track Club membership, extended service plans, Compressors, Generators, Tool Cabinets, Welders, Floor Jacks, Campbell Hausfeld products, open box items, Parking Lot Sale items, Blowout Sale items, Day After Thanksgiving Sale items, Tent Sale items, 800 number orders or online orders. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with original receipt. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store in order to receive the offer. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

$ 49

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 7 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

Grinding wheel sold separately.

20%

LOT NO. 877

REG. PRICE $6.99

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

ON ALL HAND TOOLS!

OFF

ITEM 65020

12" RATCHET BAR CLAMP/SPREADER

SAVE 77%

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

LIFETIME WARRANTY

LOT NO. 93888

7

REG. PRICE $ 99 $14.99

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 8 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

SAVE 66%

OSCILLATING MULTIFUNCTION POWER TOOL LOT NO. 68303/67256/68861 8 Functions: Sanding, Cut Flooring, Cut Metal, Scrape Concrete, Item Remove Grout, Cut Plastic, 68303 Scrape Flooring, Plunge Cut shown

19

$

REG. 99 $59PRICE .99

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 6 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented instore, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 8 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 5 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon

discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

3 GALLON, 100 PSI OILLESS PANCAKE AIR COMPRESSOR

SAVE 50%

10/2/55 AMP, 6/12 VOLT BATTERY CHARGER/ ENGINE STARTER

ELECTRIC CHAIN SAW SHARPENER LOT NO. 68221/ 93213

LOT NO. 95275

SAVE 46%

LOT NO. 66783

3999

$

REG. PRICE $74.99

2999

$

REG. PRICE $59.99

SAVE 40%

Item 68221 shown

4-1/4" GRINDING WHEEL INCLUDED

2999

$

REG. PRICE $49.99

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 5 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 4 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 4 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon

discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

LOT NO. 66619

800 RATED WATTS/ 900 MAX. WATTS PORTABLE GENERATOR

SAVE $60

8999

$

REG. PRICE $149.99

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 3 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon Limit one discount. Valid through 3/5/12. coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

370 Stores Nationwide

R ! PE ON SU UP CO

SAVE 53%

WIRELESS DRIVEWAY ALERT SYSTEM

R ! PE ON SU UP CO 11 DRAWER

ROLLER CABINET

LOT NO. 93068

Requires one 9 volt and three C batteries (sold separately).

$29.99

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 6 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon Limit one discount. Valid through 3/5/12. coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

LOT NO. 67421

149

REG. $ 99 PRICE

13

$

INCLUDES: • 6 Drawer Top Chest • 2 Drawer Middle Section • 3 Drawer Roller Cabinet

SAVE $150

REG. 99 $299PRICE .99

HARBOR FREIGHT TOOLS - LIMIT 4 This valuable coupon is good anywhere you shop Harbor Freight Tools (retail stores, online, or 800 number). Cannot be used with any other discount or coupon. Coupon not valid on prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase date with receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Coupon cannot be bought, sold, or transferred. Original coupon must be presented in-store, or with your order form, or entered online in order to receive the coupon

discount. Valid through 3/5/12. Limit one coupon per customer and one coupon per day.

Order Online at HarborFreight.com and We'll Ship Your Order


HIGH-SPEED

$

19

INTERNET NOW AVAILABLE

99

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for 12

g. price $24.99 | mo.)

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GU GUARANTEE ARANTEE THROUGH THROUGH JAN. JAN. 2013 20 013 13 (Valid on qualifying packages only)

with qualifying packages you can get:

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get access to over over

100,000 100 ,000 titles

20 Mo Movie ovie Channels Cha

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HD

2 Room Ro oom HD DVR U Upgr (1 HD DVR +

including new release movies

($6/mo DVR servic rvi

for 3 months

Only with

DISH Neettwork

See below for details.

CALL C ALL T TODAY ODAY AND A ASK SK ABOUT NEXT D DAY AY INS IN INSTALLATION TALLATION (in most areas)

1Ä&#x2018;888Ä&#x2018;695Ä&#x2018;7966 WWW WWW.INFINITYDISH.COM .INFINITYDISH.COM

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First 100 callers receive Respond By: 12/20/11

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Scan this QR Barcode with your phone and learn more about our promos!

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Everyday Everyday price price guarantee guarantee valid valid only on the following following packages: packages: DishFAMILY, DishFAMILY, Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Top Top 120, Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Top Top 120 Plus, Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Top Top 200, Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Top Top 250, DISH America, DISH America Silv Silver, er, DISH America Gold. BLOCKBUSTER BLOCKBUSTER Movie Movie Pass Pass (1 disc aatt a time): Ne New w qualif qualifying ying DISH Ne Network twork service service activated activated between between 10/01/11 10/01/11 and 1/31/12 will include 3-month 3-month bundle. bundle. If you you activate activate with a 24-month 24-month agreement agreement and minimum of Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Top Top 200 programming programming package, package, 12-month 12-month bundle included. At At end of your your promotional promotional period, bundle disc discounts ounts ($ ($55 on BL BLOCKBUSTER OCKBUSTER Mo Movie vie Pass Pass and $5 $5 on programming programming package) package) will end, and you you will be charged charged then-current then-current prices prices on each component. component. Requires Requires the following: following: online DISH Network Network account account for for discs by by mail; broadband broadband Internet Internet to to stream stream content; content; HD DVR DVR to to stream stream ttoo TTV; V; HD equipmen equipmentt ttoo rreceive eceive full rrange ange of channels. You You can exchange exchange online rentals rentals for for free free in-store in-store movie movie rentals rentals at at participating participating BLOCKBUSTER BLOCKBUSTER stores. stores. Offer Offer not available available in Hawaii, Hawaii, Alaska, Alaska, Puerto Puerto Rico Rico or U.S. U.S. Virgin Virgin Islands. BLOCKBUSTER BLOCKBUSTER name, name, design and related related marks are are trademarks trademarks of Blockbus Blockbuster ter L.L. L.L.C.C. Š 20 201111 Blockbus Blockbuster ter L.L.C. L.L.C. Digital Home Advantage Advantage plan requires requires 24-month 24-month agreement agreement and credit credit qualification. qualification. Cancellation Cancellation fee fee of $17.50/month $17.50/month remaining remaining applies if service service is terminated terminated before before end of agreement. agreement. After After 12 months months of programming programming credits, credits, then-current then-current pric pricee will apply apply.. $$10/mo 10/mo HD add-on ffee ee waived waived for for life life of current current account; account; requires requires 24-month 24-month agreement, agreement, continuous continuous enrollment enrollment in AutoPay AutoPay with Paperless Paperless Billing. 3-month 3-month premium premium movie movie offer offer value value is $99; $99; after after 3 free free months months then-current then-current price price applies unless you you downgrade. downgrade. Free Free Standar Standardd Pr Professional ofessional Ins Installation tallation only only.. All equipment equipment is leased and must must be returned returned to to DISH Network Network upon cancellation cancellation or unreturned unreturned equipment equipment fees fees apply. apply. Limit 6 leased tuners tuners per account; account; upfront upfront and monthly monthly fees fees may may apply based on type type and number of receivers. receivers. HD programming programming rrequires equires HD ttelevision. elevision. Pric Prices, es, pack packages, ages, programming 1/31/12.. HBOÂŽ, CinemaxÂŽ and rrelated programming and offers offers subject subject to to change without notice. notice. Offer Offer available available for for new new and qualified former former customers, customers, and subject subject to to terms terms of applicable Promotional Promotional and Residential Residential Customer Customer agreements. agreements. Additional Additional restrictions restrictions may may apply. apply. Offer Offer ends 1/31/12 elated channels and service service marks are are the property property of Home Box Box Office, Office, Inc. STARZ STARZ and related related channels and service service marks are are property property of Starz Starz Entertainment, Entertainment, LLC. LLC. $25 VisaÂŽ gift card card requires requires activation activation and $2.95 $2 .95 shipping and handling fee. fee. You You will rreceive eceive a claim vvoucher oucher within 3-4 w weeks eeks and the voucher voucher must must be returned returned within 30 days. days. Your Your VisaÂŽ gift card card will arrive arrive in approximately approximately 6-8 weeks. weeks. InfinityDISH InfinityDISH charges charges a one-time $49.95 $49.95 non-refundable non-refundable processing processing fee. fee. Indiana C.P.D. C.PP.DD. Reg. Reg. No. No. T.S. T.S. 10-1006. 10-1006. *Certain *Certain rrestrictions estrictions apply apply.. BBased ased on the aavailability vailability in yyour our ar area. ea.

Rural Electric Nebraskan  

The Rural Electric Nebraskan (REN) has been published since January 1947. The role of the REN is to chronicle the benefits and challenges of...