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Pearl Harbor Day Commemoration December 7, 1941 - December 7, 2012
A PAC I F I C H I S TO R I C PA R K S P U B L I C AT I O N
The shrine room wall was filled with memorial wreaths during last yearâ€™s December 7th ceremonies at the USS Arizona Memorial and Pearl Habor Visitor Center. Front cover: A close up of Navy personnel during a flag folding aboard the USS Arizona Memorial.
Inside Event Listings - Check out all of the events going on throughout the month of 2 December December at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, Pacific Aviation Museum, and more.
71st Anniversary Pearl Harbor Day Commemoration - View the line up of events taking
Donny Chambers Ray Sandla Sarah Safranski National Park Service
Legacy of Pearl Harbor Friendship Shared with Island Youth - Our December 7th read
Remembrance is a publication for members of Pacific Historic Parks.
Pearl Harbor Avenger Marks 70th Anniversary - Our partner and Pearl Harbor neighbor
Ticket to Ride Program Brings More Than 700 Students to USS Arizona Memorial -
USS Arizona Memorial Restoration Update - Phase one of the USS Arizona Memorial res-
Pearl Harbor Gram - The Pearl Harbor Survivors Association may have disbanded, but former Chapters are still meeting up for social activities, says President Emeritus William Muehleib.
The Untold Story of Women Airforce Service Pilots - Learn about the amazing efforts of
place at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center to remember those who lost their lives and honor those who survived the attack of December 7, 1941.
aloud program will bring the story of late Pearl Harbor Survivor Dick Fiske and Japanese Aviator Zenji Abe to more than 6,000 children throughout the State of Hawaii.
the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park is celebrating the submarineâ€™s launch into WWII.
Grant money from the National Park Foundation provided free transportation to fifth graders from around Oahu, with the hope of fostering a love of history and our national parks.
toration was completed at the end of October. Read more about the completed projects and plans for phase two of the renovation.
the Women Airforce Service Pilots of WWII, an often untold story.
Pacific Historic Parks is a non-profit cooperating association working with the National Park Service to provide funding for interpretive and educational programs for WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument on Oahu, Hawaii; Kalaupapa National Historical Park on Molokai, Hawaii; War in the Pacific National Historical Park on Guam; and American Memorial Park on Saipan.
www.twitter.com/ PacificParks r e m e m b r a n c e
Coming of Age: From Innocence to Valor Daniel A. Martinez, Chief Historian, WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument As we observe and commemorate the 71st anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, it is appropriate to pause and remember the extraordinary transformation that swept across this nation as a result of America’s entry into World War II. The America of 1941 was far different than the one we know today. That is not a criticism, but an acknowledgement of the dramatic social, political and economic changes that occurred. The Great Depression dampened the hopes and dreams of young Americans who sought new opportunities and jobs. In 1933, nearly 300,000 young men joined the Civilian Conservation Corps. Seeking adventure, the opporunity to travel, and pay to support their families, they enlisted in this “New Deal” experiment. Others attempted to enlist in the military, but selection was difficult because the Army and Navy had reduced their military forces during those difficult years. By 1940, the war had broken out in China and Europe. The Japanese had engaged China in all out war and the Nazi forces from Germany were devouring the countries of Europe. America declared its neutrality, but President Roosevelt knew that time was running out. He stated, “This generation of Americans has a rendezvous with destiny.” In an effort to prepare for possible hostilities, a draft bill was passed by Congress in 1940 under the title of the Selective Service Act. It required 16 million young men to register with their local draft board. The President was aware that US forces numbered only 174,000. The National Guard was nationalized, raising the force level to 400,000. Young men across the country anxiously opened their mailbox for the letter of “Greetings,” a notification to report for induction. In this early phase of mobilization, very few women or African Americans were allowed to participate, but that would change dramatically in the next 12 months. As these young men filed into their basic training camps an alarming awareness of ethnic and regional diversity fell upon them. Most of these new recruits were from farms, had never traveled beyond the county line, and were homesick. In the first few weeks of rigorous training, their innocence was being stripped away. There was no privacy. “Rising, waking, writing letters, receiving mail, making beds, washing, shaving, combing one’s hair and emptying one’s bowels--all was done in public.” Ken Burns, “The War”
An unidentified sailor crouches near an unmarked grave.
Their lives now swirled about them as drill instructors broke them down to reshape them into fine tuned instruments of war, a war seemingly just over the horizon. In December of 1941, the gathering storm of war was unleashed upon the island of Oahu. For the men and women who then served in the U.S. Armed Forces, the attack on Pearl Harbor was a watershed moment in their lives. More than a change in America’s status from peace to armed conflict; it was a sudden shift from youthful innocence and dreams of adventure, to a searing awareness of the cost and consequences of war. Heroically, they did not back down. In his treasured tome The Greatest Generation, Tom Brokaw recounted a perspective that enshrines this generation’s contributions and experience during World War II. “Pearl Harbor made it irrefutably clear that America was not a fortress, this generation was summoned to the parade ground and told to train for war. They left their ranches in Sully County, South Dakota, their jobs on the main street of Americus, Georgia, they gave up their place on the assembly lines in Detroit and in the ranks of Wall Street, they quit school or went from cap and gown directly to uniform…They faced great odds and a late start, but they did not protest. At a time in their lives when the days and nights should have been filled with innocent adventure, love, and the lessons of the workday world, they were fighting, often hand to hand, in the most primitive conditions possible, across the bloodied landscape…They fought their way up a necklace of South Pacific islands few had ever heard before and made them a fixed part of American history– islands with names like Iwo Jima, Guadalcanal, Okinawa. They were in the air every day, in skies filled with terror, and they went to sea on hostile waters far removed from the shores of their
homeland. New branches of service were formed to get women into uniform, working at tasks that would free more men for combat. Other women went to work in the laboratories and the factories, developing new medicines, building ships, planes, and tanks, and raising the families left behind. Tom Brokaw, “The Greatest Generation” For those of race and color it offered the opportunity to fight for a freedom denied, and in one particular case for a freedom taken. In an era of racial discrimination, African Americans enlisted and were drafted into the service of their country. At Pearl Harbor, a young Navy mess attendant named Doris Miller distinguished himself under fire and received the Navy Cross-he was the first of race to be awarded that medal. For Japanese Americans, the momentum of national concern about their loyalty to America was under suspicion. It had descended upon them like an angry cloud in the days following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. In February 1942, Executive Order 9066 was used to exclude all people of Japanese descent from the West Coast. By May, the War Relocation Authority would begin to establish 10 Relocation Centers that would eventually house more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry. In Hawaii, nearly 1,800 were interned; approximately 62 percent were American citizens. The Army floated a questionnaire seeking volunteers among the mainland internees and Japanese Americans in Hawaii. In an oral history interview, Senator Daniel Inouye, Medal of Honor recipient and a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, recalled, “Back then we had to prove to our neighbors that we were good Americans. Today’s generation may not agree with Continued on p.11
December 7-16, 2012: Event Listings December 7
Pearl Harbor 71st Anniversary Commemoration The National Park Service and Navy Region Hawaii will host the 71st Anniversary Pearl Harbor Day Commemoration from 7:45 am to 9:30 am on the backlawn of the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. Pearl Harbor Survivors and World War II Veterans and their families and friends from around the nation will join more than 2,500 distinguished guests and visitors for the annual observance of the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Highlights of the ceremony will include military band music, morning colors, a traditional Hawaiian blessing, a rifle salute by members of the armed services, wreath presentations, echo taps and recognition of the men and women who survived and those who gave the ultimate sacrifice for their country. USS Oklahoma Memorial Ceremony The public is invited to attend a special ceremony at 1:30 pm hosted by the National Park Service in honor of those who served on the USS Oklahoma during the attack on Pearl Harbor. The ceremony will include a wreath presentation, floral tribute, and the playing of “Taps”. The memorial is located on Ford Island, near Fox-5 Pier next to the Battleship Missouri Memorial. Public wishing to attend the ceremony may catch a free shuttle departing every 15 minutes from the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park, adjacent to the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. Hickam Field Ceremony The 15th Wing will be hosting the 71st annual Dec. 7, 1941, remembrance ceremony “Our Service, Born From Their Resolve” at 7:55 am, on Dec. 7, 2012, at the Atterbury Circle historic flag pole on Hickam Field to honor the 189 killed and 303 wounded during the attacks. General Hawk Carlisle, Pacific Air Forces commander, will be the guest speaker. The ceremony is open to all military identification card holders, veterans, survivors of the attack, and guests of attending survivors. Base access is required. Attendees must be in place by 7:15 am. Home of the Brave Quilt Project Hawaii quilters return to Pacific Aviation Museum to hand make quilts for families of fallen soldiers. Visitors to the museum are invited to watch these quilts being made from 10:00 am to 2:00 pm and to send messages of aloha and comfort to these families by signing these quilts. The event is free with paid admission to the museum.
December 8 + 9
Historic Pearl Harbor Boat Tour Pearl Harbor boat tours narrated by National Park Service rangers will take visitors around historic Ford Island. The one-hour tour will give visitors an opportunity to witness many of the notable sites of the 1941 Japanese air raid on Pearl Harbor. Boat tours will depart the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center at 2:00 pm and is separate from the normal park program. The tour includes a stop at the USS Arizona Memorial. A $25/person donation is requested. All money will go toward the restoration of the memorial. Seating is limited and advance reservations are recommended by calling (808) 954-8721.
Pearl Harbor Holiday Lights Tours Evening boat tours of Pearl Harbor will be offered from 6:15 pm to 8:00 pm courtesy of the Pearl City Lions Club in cooperation with Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. The free, 30-minute tours will feature Christmas music and views of ships and submarines decorated for the holiday season. The tours will depart from the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. Donations of nonperishable and canned goods are being accepted for Hawaii’s food charities. Seating is limited. To make a reservation, send an email to holidayharborlightstour@gmail. com. Tickets will be distributed at 5:45 pm on the day of the tour.
Hangar Talk: “A Closer Look at WWII Propaganda” The public is invited to attend a free (with museum admission) lecture led by Rian Ebesugawa at Pacific Aviation Museum’s theater from 1:00 pm to 1:30pm.
71st Anniversary Pearl Harbor Commemoration Wreath Donations U.S. Army U.S. Navy U.S. Marine Corps U.S. Air Force U.S. Coast Guard National Park Service 100th Infantry Battalion / 442nd Veterans Club The American Legion American Legion Auxiliary Battleship Missouri Memorial Consular Corps of Hawaii Consulate General of Japan Daughters of the American Revolution Disabled American Veterans, Dept. of Hawaii Fleet Reserve Association Branch 46 Friends of the USS Pennsylvania Pearl Harbor Survivors Association, Illinois Chapter 1 Japan Religious Committee for World Federation Military Intelligence Vets of Hawaii VFW Post 110 Military Officers Association of America, Hawaii State Chapter Military Order of the Purple Heart
Ministry of National Defense, Republic of China (Taiwan) Ladies Auxiliary Fleet Reserve Association National Society Daughters of the American Colonists Navy League of the United States, Honolulu Council Pacific Fleet Submarine Memorial Association Pacific Historic Parks Reiyukai America Sons & Daughters of Pearl Harbor Survivors, Inc. Sons of the American Legion State of Hawaii U.S. Pacific Command United States Submarine Veterans, Inc. USS Arizona Reunion Association USS Honolulu (CL-48) USS Missouri (BB-63) Association, Inc. USS Nevada (BB-36) USS Oklahoma Family, Inc. USS Utah Association USS West Virginia Reunion Association VA Pacific Islands Health Care System Veterans of Foreign Wars of the U. S.
Featured Speakers Rear Admiral Fernandez L. “Frank” Ponds Commander, Navy Region Hawaii, Naval Surface Group, Middle Pacific Rear Admiral Ponds, a native of Autaugaville, Alabama, earned a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Alabama in 1982 and received his commission from Officer Candidate School in June 1983. Rear Admiral Ponds’ career as a Surface Warfare Officer includes assignments aboard USS Mauna Kea (AE 22), USS Midway (CV 41), USS Berkeley (DDG 15), Commander Amphibious Group One (CTF 76) and USS Paul F. Foster (DD 964) culminating in command of USS Fife (DD 991). Ashore, Rear Admiral Ponds served on Pacific Fleet’s Propulsion Examination Board; with Office of the Navy Inspector General; as member of Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (N81/ N00X), Resources, Requirements and Assessment; as senior naval advisor in the Department of State during 2005 Pakistan Earthquake Relief Operations, 2006 Lebanon Non-combatant Evacuation Operation (NEO); with Hurricane Katrina Disaster Relief; and on the 2010 CNO Strategic Studies Group. Admiral Cecil D. Haney Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet Admiral Cecil D. Haney is a native of Washington, D.C. and a 1978 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, where he received a Bachelor of Science degree in Ocean Engineering. Haney completed operational assignments as division officer in USS John C. Calhoun (SSBN 630), radiological controls officer aboard USS Frank Cable (AS 40), engineer in USS Hyman G. Rickover (SSN 709), executive officer in USS Asheville (SSN 758), and assistant squadron deputy at Submarine Squadron 8 before taking command of USS Honolulu (SSN 718). As Commanding Officer of USS Honolulu (SSN 718), Admiral Haney earned the Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale leadership award. Admiral Haney also commanded Submarine Squadrons 1 and 2. Admiral Haney’s shore duty tours include Administrative Assistant for enlisted affairs at Naval Reactors and Congressional Appropriations Liaison Officer for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Comptroller); Deputy Chief of Staff of Plans, Policies and Requirements, U.S. Pacific Fleet (N5N8) and Director, Submarine Warfare Division (N87); Director, Naval Warfare Integration Group (N00X); and Deputy Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. robert sandla U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel, Retired Robert Sandla is a retired U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel. He is a Distinguished Graduate from the U.S. Army Artillery Officer Candidate School, a graduate from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and saw combat in Korea and Vietnam, receiving the Bronze Star, Combat Infantry Badge, and Parachutist Badge during his more than 20 years of service. Mr. Sandla is a 42-year Hawaii resident and has hosted Hawaii Public Radio’s “Business of the Arts” program for the past 5 years. He has featured many of Oahu’s military museums on the program, including the USS Arizona Memorial, Battleship Missouri Memorial, Pacific Aviation Museum, and the Army Museum at Fort DeRussy. Paul DePrey Superintendent, WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument, National Park Service Superintendent Paul DePrey, a native of Maine, earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Maine in 1990 and a Master of Arts degree from Western Washington University in 1995. DePrey served as Acting Superintendent at Great Basin National Park in 2007-2008 and as Chief of Natural and Cultural Resources at Joshua Tree National Park from 2005-2008. He served as Chief of Natural Resources and Fire Management at Whiskeytown National Recreation Area in northern California from 2001-2005. Prior to working for the National Park Service, DePrey worked for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Forest Service and the USDA Office of the Secretary on interagency natural resource and economic development efforts in the desert Southwest and the Pacific Northwest. These assignments included work on rangeland grazing, timber management, Native American government-to-government consultation and threatened and endangered species management. He has also worked as an archaeologist for the U.S. Forest Service on wildland fire timber salvage projects in the Pacific Northwest. 4
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71st Anniversary: Pearl Harbor Day Commemoration Hawaiian Blessing Kahu Kauila Clark Master of Ceremonies Robert Sandla U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel, Retired Welcome Master of Ceremonies Robert Sandla Moment of Silence Pass-in-Review: USS Michael Murphy (DDG112) Missing Man Flyover 199th Fighter Squadron, Hawaii Air National Guard 19th Fighter Squadron, U.S. Air Force Presentation of Colors U.S. Pacific Command Joint Service Color Guard National Anthem Kapolei High School Hawai‘i Pono‘i Navy Hale Keiki School’s Young Patriots Club Prayer for Peace Reverend Chitoshi Noshita Japan Religious Committee for World Federation Guest Speakers Paul DePrey, Superintendent, National Park Service World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument Rear Admiral Fernandez L. “Frank” Ponds, Commander, Navy Region Hawaii Naval Surface Group Middle Pacific Keynote Speaker Admiral Cecil Haney, USN, Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet Branch of Service Wreath Presentations Benediction Captain Sal Aguilera, USN, CHC Chaplain, Navy Region Hawaii and Naval Surface Group Middle Pacific Rifle Salute U.S. Marine Corp Echo Taps U.S. Pacific Fleet Band Retire Colors Walk of Honor All Pearl Harbor Survivors and World War II Veterans are invited to walk through the honor cordon. Postlude U.S. Pacific Fleet Band Tug Boat Water Tribute w i n t e r
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Legacy Of Pearl Harbor Friendship Shared With Youth Across Hawaii Laurie LaGrange, Owner, Ontai-LaGrange Associates
Pearl Harbor Survivor Richard Fiske stands with his bugle on the USS Arizona Memorial.
very December 7th, thousands gather to pay tribute to the military service members and civilians who lost their lives in the name of freedom in 1941. The annual ceremony is also held in hopes that future generations will never forget the consequences of war and the sacrifices made on that fateful day. For the first time ever, the National Park Service and Pacific Historic Parks will share the historical significance of December 7th with more than 6,000 school-age children across Hawaii with a simultaneous reading aloud program. On December 7th, children in elementary and intermediate schools who are enrolled in afterschool care programs managed by the Department of Education, Kama’aina Kids, YMCA of Honolulu, Maui YMCA, Dreamco, and Moiliilii Community Center will learn about the real life story of an unlikely friendship between the late Pearl Harbor Survivor Richard Fiske and Japanese Fighter Pilot Zenji Abe. The children’s book entitled, “Pearl Harbor Warriors: The Bugler, The Pilot, The Friendship,” is a story of peace and forgiveness and how these men, who were once enemies of war, overcame their hatred and fear for one another. In 1991, as a symbol of peace and friendship, Abe gave Fiske $300 and asked him to lay two roses at the USS Arizona Memorial each month, one for him and one for Fiske. He also asked Fiske to play “Taps” on his bugle after he did this. Fiske honored this request every month until he passed away in 2004. Pacific Historic Parks purchased 175 copies of the book to provide to each participating school. In addition to this reading, parents will be able to access other real-life Pearl Harbor Survivor and civilian witness stories to read to their children by going to www.nps.gov/valr/forkids.
USS Utah: A Training Ground For Anti-Aircraft Gunners
Scott Pawlowski, Museum Curator, National Park Service, WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument
So it is with deep humility and pride on my part, with a recognition of the great history which is again being made here today, with sorrow over the deaths of those who died here for their country--and died too young, and with a sense of elation that now--at long last--their courage and sacrifice are to be given the recognition they deserve, that I come here to these dedication ceremonies for the USS Utah Memorial. It is our lasting tribute to the USS Utah and to those who died here for America.” --Senator Frank E. Moss (D-UT) These were the closing words of the USS Utah (BB-31) dedication ceremony at Pearl Harbor on May 27, 1972. Senator Moss’ remarks echoed the sense of history that is embodied in the USS Utah Memorial today. The USS Utah (BB-31) was authorized by an act of Congress in 1908 and launched in December 1909, under the sponsorship of Miss Mary Alice Spry, daughter of Governor William Spry of Utah. In the 1930s, the Utah was transferred to the U.S. Pacific Fleet for duty with Train6
ing Squadron One as a training ship. She became a mobile target for fleet maneuvers and tactics, and was later designated to establish a fleet machine gun school, staffed with the most experienced anti-aircraft gunners in the fleet. In fact, the Utah had just returned from a six-week advanced antiaircraft training cruise when the Japanese struck her. Many of her alumni went on to fight across the Pacific and illustrate the value of training and education to our great country. On the morning of December 7, 1941 during the Japanese surprise attack, the men of the Utah fought to protect their ship, their country, and each other, but many could not protect themselves. They were shocked and frightened, brave and resourceful. They were young men who never went home. “I actually saw one of the Japanese planes come in, release the torpedo ... Then I felt the reverberation,” remembers Clark Simons MAtt3c. “Two torpedoes later, with the ship rolling over sideways, the men abandoned ship. They had to get above deck. Wooden beams
slid across the deck, blocking exits and trapping men inside. They ran for the portholes; the smaller men squeezed through and slid down the ship’s hull, their backs shredded by jagged barnacles.” recalls John Eichman, WT2c. Human remains were handled with as much respect as possible. They were interred at Oahu Cemetery and in the newly established Halawa Naval Cemetery. In subsequent years, many were reburied at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific at Punchbowl or returned to their families on the mainland. Today, Pearl Harbor Survivor Ray Emory has been instrumental to ensuring that these sailors, among others, were identified and never forgotten. In April 1942, the Navy decided that the USS Utah (BB-31) was to be scrapped upon raising due to extensive damage suffered in the attack and limited future military value. Extensive difficulties in righting the hull led to further salvage being stopped in early 1944. In 1972, a shoreside USS Utah Memorial was dedicated to the 58 crewman lost during the attack. r e m e m b r a n c e
Pearl Harbor Avenger Marks 70th Anniversary Laurie LaGrange, Owner, Ontai-LaGrange Associates
n December 7, 1942, one year after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the USS Bowfin was launched into World War II, forever changing the role submarines played in time of war, from patroller to instruments of attack. Nicknamed the Pearl Harbor Avenger, the USS Bowfin conducted nine patrols during its WWII career, and claimed to sink 44 enemy vessels, with nearly 235,000 tons sunk or damaged. After the war, the Joint Army-Navy Assessment committee credited the USS Bowfin with 16 large vessels (67,882 tons), plus ten vessels of less than 500 tons each. The USS Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park (located next to the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center) welcomes visitors to commemorate the 70 years since the USS Bowfin’s launch with special admission rates, December 7-8. The park also provides guests the opportunity to pay tribute to the contributions and sacrifices made by thousands of
submariners. “Freedom always comes at a cost and this is evident for people who tour our waterfront memorial, reading the names of nearly 3,600 U.S. submariners who gave their life in service to our country during World War II,” said retired Submarine Captain and USS Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park Executive Director Jerry Hofwolt. For decades, submarines were the Navy’s “Silent Service,” shrouded in a cloak of stealth and secrecy intended to keep enemies off guard and unaware of their true capabilities. During WWII, submarines represented only two percent of the U.S. fleet; yet they were responsible for the destruction of 30 percent of the Japanese Navy, including eight aircraft carriers, one battleship, and 11 cruisers. More importantly, the Submarine Force sank about 1,200 Japanese merchant ships, totaling 4.9 million tons. Although
The USS Bowfin in the waters of Pearl Harbor.
the submarine service was the smallest military unit, they made the greatest sacrifice in terms of loss of life--one in five of the nearly 18,000 submariners who went into battle never returned to port. Today, the USS Bowfin is one of only 16 U.S. WWII submarines still intact. Each year, more than 250,000 people from around the world come to this 2.5 acre park, which includes a 10,000 square foot museum, a waterfront memorial, outdoor exhibits, and of course, the USS Bowfin. The USS Bowfin sits proudly near the USS Arizona Memorial, ready to welcome visitors to the era of WWII submarines and their crews. This is a place filled with tales of men who served under extreme conditions with strength, bravery, and honor. Like its neighboring historic sites, the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park represents some of the most powerful lessons of America’s past.
The Day the USS Oklahoma Perished
Scott Pawlowski, Museum Curator, National Park Service, WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument
he USS Oklahoma (BB-37) arrived at Pearl Harbor on December 6, 1940 as part of the Pacific Fleet. Despite frequent maneuvers and training, the crew enjoyed liberty in Hawaii. Honolulu provided everything a sailor or Marine could desire, from meals at the Black Cat Café to the liquor at numerous bars and even swimming in Waikiki. An exotic culture and balmy tropical climate greeted servicemen arriving on O‘ahu. “You can’t believe how beautiful Hawai‘i was before the war, so peaceful, so quiet,” said Army Air Corps Lieutenant William S. Cope. Far from home, often for the first time, these malihini (strangers) were soon to be at the center of an epic battle. On the morning of December 7, 1941, 40 torpedo bombers attacked ships along Battleship Row, 1010 Pier, and the north side of Ford Island. “The torpedo struck with w i n t e r
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a violent explosion on the starboard side,” remembered Captain Robert H. English of the USS Helena (CL-50). Torpedoes blasted holes as large as 40 feet (12 m) wide in heavily armored ships like the Oklahoma. After the attack, “slowly, sickeningly, the Oklahoma began to roll over on her side until finally only her bottom could be seen. It was awful, for great ships were dying before my eyes! Strangely enough, at first, I didn’t realize that men were dying too,” recalled Mrs. John B. Earle, wife of Captain Earle, U.S. Navy. The USS Oklahoma (BB-37) capsized in 11 minutes. Sailors and shipyard workers quickly climbed onto the overturned hull and began searching for survivors. A fortunate few were rescued. However, “we soon found out that you couldn’t work sixteen hours a day too long ... If you’re goofing off, that’s something else, but if
you’re really putting out, doing your best to get the job done, it becomes tiring. You can only go so much. They cut back from 16 to 12 hours. We were working seven days
“Slowly, sickeningly, the Oklahoma began to roll over on her side” --Mrs. John B. Earle a week.” recalled George Kahanu, Sr., shipyard worker, Pearl Harbor Navy Yard. On Battleship Row, the Oklahoma lay ruined beneath a smoke-blackened sky. Thick patches of oil burned on the water. Hundreds of men floated, both dead and alive. Servicemen and civilians fought fires and searched for survivors. The great ship that projected American worldly ambitions would do no more. 7
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Students from August Ahrens Elementary School explore a map of Oahu at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center.
Ticket to Ride Program Brings More Than 700 Students to the USS Arizona Memorial Nicole Brown, Park Ranger, WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument Most visitors to Pearl Harbor have traveled great distances to learn more about its history, admire its glistening waters, and experience the iconic USS Arizona Memorial. By the time they arrive at the visitor center, they may have taken a plane ride, a boat ride, and certainly a car or bus ride. Millions of travelers from across the world have this historic site at the top of their “must-see” lists, and yet, many Oahu residents and students who live within miles have never been to the monument - until now. This fall, more than 700 fifth grade students from 32 different classrooms across the island of Oahu were invited to participate in “Let’s Talk (Hi)story,” a three-part program focused on exploring personal connections to history and national parks. World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument was awarded funding for this program through the National Park Foundation’s 2012 Ticket to Ride Grant program, made possible by Disney. “Let’s Talk (Hi)story” had five main goals: • Introduce students to the National Park Service, • Engage them in history, • Inspire them with personal stories, • Encourage them to research their families’ own stories, and • Begin a lifelong connection with history and America’s national parks. The program began with ranger-led school visits in September. NPS rangers introduced students to the National Park Service, its mission, and its presence in the State of Hawaii. Armed with a basic underw i n t e r
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standing of NPS and the attack on Oahu, students were ready for history to come to life with story-telling from NPS volunteer and Pearl Harbor witness, Jimmy Lee. Mr. Lee was in the fifth grade when he witnessed the December 7, 1941 attack from his home on the shores of Pearl Harbor. For students, learning about history from someone who was their age at the time proved to be much more exciting than reading about it in a history book. Throughout the month of October, students from the eight participating schools boarded buses to visit Pearl Harbor and the USS Arizona Memorial, most for them for the first time. Transportation costs for all bus rides were fully covered by the Ticket to Ride grant. After a brief orientation, students split into small groups to complete the recently updated Junior Ranger Scavenger Hunt. After searching for answers in the exhibit galleries, students watched a documentary on the attack before boarding boats for the ride to the USS Arizona Memorial. Once at the memorial, NPS rangers helped students understand the significance of the names on the shrine room wall, the design of the memorial itself, and the memories of the men entombed below. Once back at the visitor center, students explored the various wayside exhibits, with a special focus on the Remembrance Circle. Many of the groups stayed for lunch and had picnics before boarding the buses to return to school. In November, students explored the more
personal side of history through a take-home project. After a brief oral history lesson, students interviewed a relative or family friend who was alive during WWII or another historic event. They then reported back with papers, posters, and videos to share their findings with their classmates. For these Ticket to Ride students, history is no longer just about books and maps; it is about real people and real stories. Thank you to the following schools that participated in the Ticket to Ride program: • August Ahrens Elementary • Fern Elementary • Kalihi Elementary • Mauka Lani Elementary • Palisades Elementary • Pearl Harbor Kai Elementary • Shafter Elementary • Waipahu Elementary More About the Ticket to Ride Program The Ticket to Ride program gets kids out of the classroom, into nature, and enjoying their national parks. The main goal of the program is to reach out to historically underserved students. In addition to including a “three-touch” structure, Ticket to Ride programs help external audiences understand the importance of providing students with transportation to a national park. The structure of this year’s “Let’s Talk (Hi)story” program is already being used as a framework for future education programs hosted by WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument and Pacific Historic Parks. 9
Left: The interior and exterior of the USS Arizona Memorial was repainted during phase one of the restoration.; Middle: The rusted railings on the USS Arizona Memorial were replaced.; Right: The skylights and light fixtures at the entrance of the USS Arizona Memorial were recently restored.
A Message from the President: USS Arizona Memorial Restoration Update
Brad L. Wallis, President and CEO, Pacific Historic Parks
Celebrating the 50th anniversary of the dedication of the USS Arizona Memorial this year creates an opportunity for reflection about the memorial itself and how it has become an icon of remembrance and sacrifice. For many of my generation, the USS Arizona Memorial has always been there, silently standing guard over the sunken remains of the once mighty USS Arizona. In fact, the structure has not always been there. It took more than three decades and the tireless work of literally hundreds of influential people to bring the Arizona Memorial into existence. There were political and social setbacks for the project, funding was difficult to obtain, and there were some who thought that creating a memorial to commemorate the attack on Pearl Harbor was inappropriate, as it was, and still remains, the single largest Naval defeat in our nation’s history. Yet, in the end, a memorial was created to remember not only the 1,177 brave men of the USS Arizona, but to remember all of the dead of the Pacific campaign and, perhaps in a broader sense, the loss of more than 50 million souls, both military and civilian, during the bloodiest conflict the world has ever known. Much of the world was already engulfed in death and war when the “day which will live in infamy” catapulted the United States into World War II. Japan had invaded mainland China and Germany occupied much of Phase one of the restoration northern Europe, ... was completed at the end of but the United October at a cost of more than States had avoided $453,000. direct participation in the conflict until the Empire of Japan attacked the U.S Fleet at anchor in Pearl Harbor. Perhaps the best source for the details of the struggle to create the Arizona Memorial are contained in the Pacific Historic Parks’ (PHP) publication “Remembering Pearl Harbor: The Story of the USS 10
Arizona Memorial,” written by Michael Slackman. Now in its tenth edition, the book is available online at www.pacifichistoricparksbookstore.org. Prior to the commencement of the refurbishment project in 2012, the memorial was beginning to look a little rough around the edges, due to the foot traffic of 50 million visitors, saltwater spray, and weather exposure. The railings were beginning to rust through, plexiglass skylights were deeply pitted by the sun and marine environment, lighting fixtures were corroded, and abandoned electrical conduits laced the structure. Upon the request of the National Park Service, PHP agreed to raise the funds needed to bring the memorial back into shape. In May of 2012, PHP signed a contract with Hawk Construction, a firm that has done work at Pearl Harbor previously, earned a reputation of quality workmanship, and respected the sacred nature of the site. Phase one of the restoration, which included the repair of the aforementioned items, as well as the repainting of the interior and exterior of the monument, was completed at the end of October at a cost of more than $453,000. We can all be proud of the fact that the USS Arizona Memorial is in the best condition she has been in for at least 45 years. Phase two of the project will include replacing the shrine room wall. PHP is in the process of scoping and costing out this phase of the project. Projected costs are currently in excess of $300,000. As always, PHP is proud to accept tax-deductible contributions from our membership in support of this important work. If you would like to make a donation, please visit www.pacifichistoricparks. org or fill out the donation form on page 13. Thank you in advance for your support of this important project. Working together, we can assure that the USS Arizona Memorial is prepared for her next 50 million visitors and will continue to remind our nation not only of the brave ship and her crew, but also of the importance of constant vigilance. r e m e m b r a n c e
Amanda Carona, Staff Historian, WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument
he History Services Division of WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument plays a key role in collecting WWII stories, ensuring they will be preserved for future generations. In July 2012, Chief Historian Daniel Martinez and I travelled to California to collect oral histories focused on the island-hopping campaigns, home front workers, Japanese internees, and USO entertainers in the Pacific. With the assistance of Pacific Historic Parks videographer, Donny Chambers, we were able to collect 30 interviews that will be placed in the collection and used in the museum for educational and research purposes. Below is an excerpt from one of the many interviews. __
ohn Farritor enlisted in the Marine Corps in July 1941 at the age of 22, six months before the attack on Pearl Harbor. He participated in several island-hopping campaigns including Guadalcanal, Bougainville, and Iwo Jima. He retired from the Marine Corps as a First Sergeant after serving in the Korean War. DM: What was the one thing you liked at basic? JF: Being there. That was what I liked, being there. Just to know I was going to be a Marine. I remember the first night we were on Guadalcanal, the 1st Sergeant came around to me and said, “John, you’ve been selected
to send a listening post out, this way out here. I’ll show you where you go.” So, I took two boys out there. We had a telephone for emergencies, but we wasn’t supposed to use it—one of those crank phones with the wire. We laid the wire out there and we cleared out a little space about the size of a Volkswagon, you know, in the jungle. I mean it was jungle. We got in there and I said, “Now, you’re not supposed to make any sounds, just be quiet.” They talk about the jungle being serene and quiet. It’s a noisy place, you know. Then they had them sand crabs. With a little imagination you could say, “That’s Japs sneaking up on me.” DM: Cause you could hear them, right? JF: They would go berserk, you know. It just sounded like a Jap was sneaking up on you. Those two kids I was with, they were scared to death. I was afraid to take a nap. I think they would have left me cause they were really terrified. That was their baptism there. We left there and went to Bougainville, that was our baptismal fire up there. DM: Tell me a little about Bougainville. JF: The weather was worse than the Japs. We landed during the monsoon season and we landed in the swamp, the biggest swamp on the island cause they didn’t think the Japs would be there, but the Japs were there. They had a lot of guns on them, but the weather was the worst thing. When I took my boat in, I could see there were boats swamped all along there because the surf would throw the boats right up on the beach. There were boats all over the place. I had a Howitzer then, a pack Howitzer,
and I had hooked to a Jeep on that. I said, “As soon as that ramp goes down, you get up there and get off the beach. Keep on going into the trees up there. You got to go fast cause they’re going to swamp this boat.” So, he took off and he got off. I got all my stuff off and I was standing there directing traffic and getting people out, getting the stuff up off the beach when somebody said, “Japs coming, Zeroes strafing!” You’re supposed to get off the beach when they say strafing, you know, but I didn’t have time. I just turned around and something hit my back, knocked me way down the road there. It was a 20mm gun but it didn’t explode. It would have cut me in two if it had, but it just knocked me down. When the Japs— there were three Zeroes—went on, a corpsman ran out and said, “Are you hurt?” I said, “Only my damn dignity.” He said, “Well, you don’t get no Purple Heart for dignity wounds.” DM: So that was the first time you were under fire. JF: That was the first time I got knocked down with a bullet, yeah. Then we couldn’t set up. Finally, we got a new location and said, “Ok, we can set up.” We had to tear them guns down and carry them piece by piece and build a platform to put the damn things on. On about the second or third mission, it broke through the platform. We had to tear it all down and take it to one side and redo the flat top.
Coming of Age: From Innocence to Valor, Continued us but at that time we felt that, if need be, we must spill some blood to demonstrate this (loyalty). So we insisted that we be given the opportunity to fight.” Hawaii’s non-combatants also felt the sting of war from the beginning. Young men and women who worked at Pearl Harbor, the airbases, and Army posts were under fire from the outset of the attack. Friendly fire rained down on Honolulu and its young citizens. Of the 49 civilians who died that day, more than 50 percent were under age of 30. Seventy years later, we have no accurate accounting of the wounded. Innocence eroded among the young of Oahu. They began to realize the effects of a war brought to their doorstep. Everyday life in Hawaii had changed and so had its people. “After V-J Day, the barbed wire, gas alarms, w i n t e r
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and first aid signs vanished overnight. Social changes, which had been slowly developing for many years before, were pushed ahead a generation. Racial, cultural and economic barriers were lowered and a middle class emerged. As the war progressed, Islanders with previous Mainland contacts became conscious for the first time of the vastness of the United States. War’s aviation expansion brought Hawaii closer to the Mainland and the islands closer to one another. The influx of service personnel and war workers gave many Orientals, especially in rural districts, the first opportunity to meet Caucasians socially.” Gwenfread Allen, “Hawaii’s War Years” Many of the military personnel stationed at Pearl Harbor and the airfields at Hickam, Ewa, Bellows, Wheeler, Kaneohe, and the Army posts at Schofield Barracks and Fort Shafter were young and inexperienced. Yet
they fought back with indomitable courage. Their dedication to the nation to defend her against all odds was born on that day, December 7, 1941. The war in the Pacific left an indelible mark on them, by what they had seen, heard, felt and done. The crucible of war had enabled many to elevate themselves to achieve great deeds of heroism in the service of their country. After the war, they celebrated momentarily and moved on with their lives. Many went on to college, started businesses or raised families. Simply stated they began to rebuild lives that had been interrupted by the war. Tom Brokaw noted that, “they have left us an enduring legacy that is embodied in the valor they displayed and the innocence they lost. They truly were the greatest generation of the 20th Century.” 11
Pearl Harbor Gram OUR MOTTO: REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR – KEEP AMERICA ALERT! Published Quarterly with Remembrance, Pacific Historic Parks’ Member Newsletter
Gery Porter’s Garage
Ray Sandla, Former Publications Manager, Pacific Historic Parks
ery Porter was a fireman 2/c aboard the USS West Virginia on December 7, 1941. Mr. Porter had joined the Navy in 1940, completing boot camp at San Diego’s U.S. Naval Training Station, machinist school at Great Lakes Naval Training Center, and River Rouge Ford Plant. He was assigned to the West Virginia and Pearl Harbor. Mr. Porter’s description of that day can be found on the back of his 1993 membership application to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association (PHSA): On December 7th at 07:55 hours I had just cleared my tables and was handwashing the dishes … We heard a few muffled booms just before general quarters sounded. I never saw the dishes, tables, or compartment again. The first two (of seven) torpedoes hit us before I could get to my station. The ship began to list heavily, power went off, and sound powered telephone service was lost. About a dozen of us in the compartment were dodging sliding floor plates and waiting with a dim battle lantern to see what would happen next. Someone opened our 3rd deck hatch and yelled down to us to abandon ship. We made our way up the ladder and forward along the 3rd deck passageway toward the machine shop, which was in shambles. Our way up and out was through the provisions hatches to the quarterdeck where we first saw the USS Arizona and other unwelcome sights. Just then we saw dive-bombers headed our way so a number of us ducked into the first available doorway … to avoid the strafing. While we were there one of the bombers made
a direct hit on No. 3 Main Turret, just aft of us ... It knocked the SOC bomber off the turret catapult onto the quarterdeck and penetrated the turret top, but fortunately did not detonate. Minutes later we … found our way across to the USS Tennessee and onto Ford Island by rowing a whale boat from the quay to the beach. Some Marines in a pickup told a few of us to jump in and delivered us to the Marine Barracks. The Marines were taking pot shots at the second wave planes with everything they could find–mostly rifles and 45’s. After the attack … we were soon on our way back to the ship to form a bucket brigade on West Virginia’s quarterdeck to fight fires. At dusk, we were relieved by another crew and transported to the Fleet Recreation Center where we got a bite to eat, a mattress and blanket for a night in the bleachers. Frequent and spasmodic gunfire erupted throughout the night. Everyone was pretty trigger-happy. Unfortunately, some of our own planes were victims of the gunfire. Post-war, Mr. Porter had a long and successful career as an architect and engineer. He joined the PHSA in 1993 and went on to serve as a national executive in a variety of roles, most recently as secretary/treasurer. In that capacity, Mr. Porter was keeper of the paperwork. Giant file cabinets take up half of his garage and he, along with other national PHSA stalwarts such as Mal Middlesworth and William Muehleib, were understandably anxious that the history
Gery Porter in the 1940s and today.
represented there was handed over to a responsible caretaker. In my former role as PHP publications manager and informal PHSA liaison, I headed out to Hemet, California, to help Mr. Porter pack all relevant paperwork for shipment to Hawaii and the National Park Service archives. With access to these priceless documents, I had to spend some time reading through what felt like living, breathing history. The meeting minutes, charter amendments, financial communications, death reports, and, finally, motions to disband the association, provided a window into the fraternity, passion, and unapologetic patriotism of these aging sailors, marines, soldiers, and pilots. Their dedication and focus, through all of the history that has come between WWII and today, was something to behold. The goals of the PHSA were never obscure: Remember Pearl Harbor first and foremost, the men and women who died that day, as well as those who survived.
A Letter From the President Emeritus
William H. Muehleib, PHSA President Emeritus, Pearl Harbor Survivors Association
he official closing of the PHSA did not end the social activities of the former Chapters. It was the intent of our Executive Board to have the Chapters organize into social groups and I am pleased to let you know that this is a great success. I am receiving newsletters from what were former Chapters and requests for information from our membership, as well as community activities 12
wanting to know more about the attack on Pearl Harbor. We are not out of business as I am sure you all know. PHP has provided us with a PHSA section in their newsletter and Mal Middlesworth, our former Gram editor, has agreed to accept the position of the Editor of the PHSA section of Remembrance. So, whatever you have that will be of general interest to our PHSA people, get it
to him. Lou Large, President of the Sons & Daughters, is also keeping me up to date as to what is happening with them. I am certain you know of their National Convention scheduled for December 4th through the 7th in San Diego. PHSA people are more than welcome. We are not gone. Just not as many of us. Best wishes and Aloha. r e m e m b r a n c e
PRAYER FOR THE DEAD
Eternal rest grant unto them and let perpetual light shine upon them and may they rest in peace.
Cole, Billie O. Schofield Barracks Folsom, CA
Kuhn, Raymond Pearl Harbor Naval Base Portland, OR
Cooper, Doris A. USS Tern Covington, Indiana
LaMotte, Louis H. Fort Shaftner Hilton Head, SC
Coulsen, Scott E. USS West Virginia La Quinta, CA
Mooney, John USS MacDonough San Diego, CA
De Ryckere, Archie G. San Diego, CA
Morrill, Jr., John A. USS Castor Spring Valley, CA
DiMatteo, Ernest A. Hickam Field Tulare, CA
McCann, James E. USS Ramsay Torrance, CA
Evers, Paul H. Hickam Field Big Timber, MT
Ordos, Bernard S. Schofield Barracks West Mifflin, PA
Geritz, William J. Ford Island Berkeley, CA
Roffman, Louis Hickam Field Riverside, CA
Guevremont, Eugene USS Pennsylvania Sebastian, FL
Schmidig, Joseph Army 63rd ORD Lodi, NJ
Johnson, Robert F. Hickam Field Los Angeles, CA
Stone, Walter A. USS Honolulu Yucca Valley, CA
Kowalski, Arthur A. USS Pennsylvania San Diego, CA
Swarberg, Warren J. USS St. Louis San Diego, CA
Please address death notices to: Sarah Safranski, Pacific Historic Parks, 1 Arizona Memorial Place, Honolulu, HI 96818 w i n t e r
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The Untold Story of Women Airforce Service Pilots Vera Williams, Author, “WASPs: Women Airforce Service Pilots of World War II”
oday we think nothing of getting on a plane and flying to Maui or Milan or Melbourne, but it wasn’t like that in 1943. Air travel was in its infancy. There was no GPS, no auto pilot, no jets. It was all experimental. Most men didn’t think about becoming pilots, let alone women. Yet, in 1943, 25,000 women applied to fly airplanes to support their country in WWII. If a woman wanted to do something patriotic, there were many options. There were War Bonds and Victory Gardens and the Red Cross. There were the Women’s Army Corps (WACs), the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) and the Women’s Reserve of the Coast Guard (SPARs). These services did not involve getting into an experimental aircraft and taking off into the wild blue yonder. So, who were the 1,800 intrepid women who were accepted into the Women Airforce Service Pilot program? Well, 1,798 of them were white, including two Chinese Americans. There were no black women. Jackie Cochran, the director of the program, felt that it was an uphill battle just to get women accepted into the cockpit. She wasn’t prepared to take on the added burden of racism. After training in Texas, the women went on to fly for two years. They came from all walks of life. Some were wealthy and came in with thousands of hours of flying time. Some were dirt poor and had taken advantage of a scholarship program, the Civilian Pilot Training Program, started by General Hap Arnold, commander of the Army Air Force. For every ten spaces, one space was reserved for a woman. Many of the women who became WASPs were inspired by Amelia Earhart or Jackie Cochran or a local barnstormer offering rides. The women became flyers for many different reasons, but they joined the WASPs for the opportunity to serve their nation and to fly the hottest, newest, fastest planes in the world. They flew 60,000,000 miles in every type of aircraft developed during WWII, including the first jet, the YP5A. They also flew the B-29 Superfortress. When it came off the assembly line, the male pilots took one look at the behemoth and said it was un-flyable. A brilliant colonel decided that if a WASP could fly one, that might alleviate their fears. Two WASPs, Dora Dougherty Strother and Dorothea Moorman, piloted the craft and took it on a base to base tour demonstrating its soundness. The WASPs were initially assigned to ferry planes from the factories to the fields, and they performed their mission beautifully. One WASP, Barbara Jane London, received the Air Medal for completing four transcontinental ferry flights, a total of more than 8,000 miles in just five days. However, these women went on to perform various non-combat flying missions during WWII. They taught cadets to fly and to shoot at enemy aircraft during Tow Target missions. They chauffeured non-flying officers, tested repaired aircraft, and picked up lobsters from the Gulf of Mexico. During the war, Retired 3 Star General and Korean War Ace Winton “Bones” Marshall was the commanding officer of the AAF base at Las Vegas. When he heard that a few WASPs were going to be stationed with him, he grumbled quite a bit. He didn’t know what he was supposed to do with them. After a very short time, however, he discovered that the women were so happy to fly that they soon became an integral part of his group. When the program was disbanded and the women were told to go home, he mourned the loss. Although the program began with promises of militarization, those promises never materialized. With the war winding down and the need for pilots decreasing, the WASPs just weren’t needed 14
Women Airforce Service Pilots ready for flight.
anymore. On December 20, 1944, the program was deactivated, the files were labeled classified, and the ladies were told not to talk about their experiences. Thirty years later, when the Air Force decided to admit women, they announced in Stars and Stripes magazine that for the first time ever women would be allowed to fly military aircraft. The WASPs weren’t going to let the Air Force pretend that they had never existed. They banded together, wrote letters to Congress and finally acquired a champion. Patsy Mink, Representative from Hawaii, was the first member of Congress to put forth a motion that the WASPs be given military recognition for their service during WWII. It took a number of tries and the help of Senator Barry Goldwater and Hap Arnold’s son, Bruce Arnold, but finally in 1977 President Jimmy Carter signed a law that the WASPs had been a de facto military organization and they were finally given the recognition they deserved. They were inspired by Amelia and other flyers, but they have in turn inspired generations of flyers and astronauts.
December 7th Book Signing! Meet Vera Williams, author of “WASPs: Women Airforce Service Pilots of World War II,” at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center on December 7th! Grab a copy of her book, have it signed, and learn more about these amazing female pilots. Can’t make it to the event? Vera’s book is available online at www.pacifichistoricparksbookstore.org. r e m e m b r a n c e
NEW - Pearl Harbor Commemorative T-shirt (womenâ€™s and menâ€™s sizes available) Item #400764 Price: $18.95 | Member price: $16.11
Remembering Pearl Harbor The complete history of the conception, financing and construction of the USS Arizona Memorial. Item #400584 Softcover - Price: $9.95 | Member Price: $8.46 Hardcover - Price: $19.95 | Member price: $16.96
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71st Anniversary Hat Velcro closure, one size fits all Item #400650 Price: $17.95 | Member price: $15.26
Sterling Silver Tree of Life Pendant with 20 inch chain. Pendant available in three sizes: Small: 1in x .5 in | Item #400394 Price: $72 | Member price: $61.20 Medium: 1.25in x .5in | Item #400395 Price: $76 | Member price: $64.60 Large: 1.25in x .625in | Item #400396 Price: $84 | Member price: $71.40
Battleship Missouri Memorial Reenlistment Ceremony Battleship Missouri Memorial
More than 20 military personnel are expected to participate in a Joint Reenlistment Ceremony under the famous 16” guns of the Battleship Missouri on Dec. 7, 2012 at 9:00 am. Four-Star General Herbert “Hawk” Carlisle, Commander, Pacific Air Forces, will administer the oath alongside a performance of the National Anthem by the 25 th ID Army Band.
ceremony, the reenlisting sailor makes a personal commitment in a public forum to wear the cloth of the Nation with honor, courage, and commitment.” --Navy Personnel Command
“For centuries service men and women have answered the call of duty in national defense. Nothing so solemnly affirms one’s commitment to that duty better than the enlistment oath of office. Raising one’s right hand, swearing/affirming personal devotion to defending the Constitution of the United States, pledging faith and allegiance to that same document, taking on this incredible burden by sacrificing one’s livelihood and potentially one’s life freely, without mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and promising to perform one’s duties to the best of one’s abilities with one’s moral conscience as a guide while under the watchful eye of the deity, means much more than just signing a job employment application. During a reenlistment
Since opening in 1999, the memorial has hosted reenlistments, promotions, commissionings, retirements and change of command ceremonies for sailors, soldiers, airmen, marines and coast guardsmen on nearly a daily basis. Earlier this year the Battleship Missouri was presented the Navy’s Retention Excellence Award, more commonly known as the “Golden Anchor.” This award is traditionally given to active service naval vessels for meeting or exceeding crew retention goals. The Battleship Missouri first received this award in 2005 and is the only non-active vessel to ever receive this prestigious honor. The award was presented to the battleship in honor of its continuing service, providing a venue for reenlistment ceremonies to members of any branch of the U.S. military at no cost.
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Become a member today! Mr./Ms./Miss/Mrs./Mr. & Mrs./Dr./Other Name (please print) We are honored by the many supporters who have joined us in our mission and represent Pacific Historic Parks around the world. Together, we are committed to preserving history. Your support will help preserve the stories of Pearl Harbor, WWII in the Pacific, and Kalaupapa. In partnership with our members, Pacific Historic Parks supports the National Park Service at four NPS sites throughout the Pacific, benefitting millions of park visitors and more than 30,000 students.
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At Pearl Harbor, your membership supports the restoration of the USS Arizona Memorial, interpretation of the events that took place during WWII in the Pacific, and funds education programs.
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Your support in Guam funds educational and interpretive programs at the T. Stell Newman Visitor Center, commemorating the sacrifice and bravery of those who fought in the battles of the Pacific War Campaign.
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1 Arizona Memorial Place Honolulu, Hawaii 96818