Remembrance S P R I N G
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A PAC I F I C H I S TO R I C PA R K S P U B L I C AT I O N
94-1187 Ka Uka Blvd. Waipahu, HI 96797 www.pacifichistoricparks.org 808-954-8726 Toll-free: 888-485-1941
President & CEO Ray L’Heureux
Board of Directors
Neil A. Sheehan, Chairman Alan Mattson, Vice-Chairman Giorgio Caldarone, Secretary Jeff Bell, Treasurer James Boersema Noel W. Bragg Brenda Lei Foster Colette J. Higgins Ray L’Heureux Patricia A. Lucas Mark Y. Matsunaga Clif Purkiser Alfred B. K. Rodrigues Alby L. Saunders George E. Sullivan Kwai S. “Sunny” Young
Pacific Historic Parks
Joseph K. Langdell Returns to His Ship and Shipmates...........................................4 Pathway to Reconciliation...............................6 Window to the Underwater World...............8 Renewed Optimism at Valor........................ 10
Diamond Head Gets a New Voice.............. 11 Olivia’s Story................................................... 12 Saipan Recovers from Typhoon Soudelor..... 13 Guam Teacher Workshop............................ 14 Service to the Land and Sea......................... 15 ParkED Workshop Receives Award.......... 17
ParkED by the Numbers.............................. 18
PHP Awarded $100,000 Grant................... 18
Spreading the Message of Peace on Wings to the World....................................... 20
Dwight L. Cobb James K. Sylva Geoffrey M. White Joachim P. Cox
Editor Luella Costales
Contributing Writers Jaclyn Zapanta Balajadia, Luella Costales, Kina Lewis, Daniel A. Martinez, Mal Middlesworth, Scott Pawlowski, Emily Pruett, Cindy Rapadas, Edean Saito, Elaine Simon
Designers Minette Lew-McCabe and Elaine Simon
It’s Never Too Late........................................ 22 The Magic of a Wish.................................... 24 Pearl Harbor Survivor Shares Radar Story.... 26 75th Commemoration.................................... 30 Annual Report................................................. 32 New Products to Inspire Remembrance.... 34
Mission Statement Pacific Historic Parks supports the National Park Service through research, preservation, restoration, fund development, education and interpretive programs of WWII in the Pacific and other Pacific historic sites. Remembrance is published four times a year as a benefit to members of Pacific Historic Parks.
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President’s Message p. 3 Our Survivor Updates p. 19 Point of View p. 25 Cover: USS Arizona Ensign Joseph Langdell is interred into the hull of the Arizona on Dec. 7, 2015. Photo by Brett Seymour, NPS Submerged Resources Center.
Pearl Harbor Gram p. 27 Prayer for the Dead p. 28 Support PHP p. 35
President’s Message Aloha, I would like to welcome you to the spring issue of Remembrance. Since joining Pacific Historic Parks (PHP) as president and CEO six months ago, I have been working to ensure that three words continue to remain at the core of our foundation: Remember, Honor, Understand. Your support has enabled PHP to complete preservation projects, such as the restoration of the USS Arizona Memorial Shrine Room, provide award-winning educational programs in Hawaii, Guam, and Saipan, and to be a major supporter of the Dec. 7th commemoration activities. A new program currently in development is an audio tour program for Diamond Head State Monument that will focus on sharing its history and providing a greater understanding of the iconic landmark. I invite you to learn more about these programs that are made possible only with your support in this issue. An overview of the impact of your support can be viewed in our annual report on page 32. Ray L’Heureux with Herb Weatherwax This year marks the 75th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and I am honored to represent PHP as part of the Governor’s blue-ribbon committee formed for this milestone anniversary. Retired Adm. Thomas B. Fargo has been appointed by Gov. David Ige as the chairman. The chair of the 75th events committee is PHP’s board chairman, Neil Sheehan. As commemoration activities and events are confirmed, you will find updated information online at www. pearlharbor75thanniversary.com. To learn more about the 75th Commemoration, turn to page 30. As PHP grows towards serving future generations, it has been exciting as we approach the launch of our newest program. A new digital portal is being created in partnership with the National Park Service (NPS) and HDR, Inc. and will be launched during the 75th Commemoration week. This new digital platform will include interactive educational exhibits for visitors to the park, as well as online interactive exhibits for those unable to visit. In order to serve you better, we have been undergoing a revamping of our membership computer system that will provide for a more communicative and secured service for our PHP members. We are in the final stages of the process, and I thank you for your continued patience. We also listened to your feedback, and Remembrance is returning to a larger quarterly format in order to better serve our members, especially the more than 1,600 Pearl Harbor Survivors Association (PHSA) members that joined our family when PHSA and PHP merged five years ago. Remembrance has become an important vehicle through which Pearl Harbor Survivors across the nation and their families stay in touch, and it is only through the support of all PHP members like yourself that we are able to continue to honor and preserve their legacy. Finally, I would like to welcome World War II Valor in the Pacific’s newest superintendent, Jacqueline Ashwell. Please read more about Jacqueline, her commitment to NPS, and the wealth of experience that she brings with her to Valor on page 10. Thank you for your continued support.
Ray L’Heureux President & CEO of Pacific Historic Parks REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 3
Jospeh K. Landgell Returns to His Ship and Shipmates In a very solemn ceremony in the late afternoon of Dec. 7, 2015, Ensign Joseph K. Langdell returned to his ship, the USS Arizona, as his final resting place. It was his wish that upon his death his remains be interred in the Arizona so that he may lay to rest with his brethren, his fellow shipmates that fell before him. Full military burial honors were rendered to Ensign Langdell by the U.S. Navy. His family, friends, fellow Pearl Harbor Survivors, Navy officials, and National Park Service (NPS) staff watched as NPS divers carried his urn and placed it in the base of gun turret No. 4. Ensign Langdell is the 39th Arizona survivor to be laid to rest with his shipmates. 4 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
Retired Navy Lt. Cmdr. Joseph Langdell, nearly the last witness to one of the most devastating events in American military history – the 1941 bombing of the Battleship Arizona at Pearl Harbor – died at the age of 100, the oldest survivor of the attack
on his ship, the USS Arizona. He died Feb. 4, 2015, at a nursing facility in Yuba City, Calif. The Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese bombing raid, which propelled the U.S. into World War II, resulted in the deaths of 1,177 crewmen of the Arizona, the greatest loss of life on any warship in American naval history. There were 334 survivors. With the death of Langdell, who was the last surviving officer on the Arizona, only eight were still living. “What we lose is that tactile experience of seeing them, talking to them, shaking their hands,” says Daniel Martinez, NPS chief historian at World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. “We lose
that human link to such a moment in American history.” Langdell was not aboard the ship the morning of the attack. Because of a temporary assignment, he was sleeping in a barracks about 100 yards away. From his bed, he heard the sound of the Japanese dive bombers as they approached. “I felt absolutely helpless,” he told The Associated Press in 1997. “If I had been aboard, I would have been killed in that No. 2 turret. That was the one that blew up. It was my luck to be assigned off the ship that day.” As the first wave of the attack waned, Langdell rushed toward his ship to help surviving crewmen from the water. His most gruesome task came several days later, when he headed a team sent to the ship’s wreckage with stacks of sheets and pillowcases. His orders were to gather all the bodies that could be found above the water line. “It took two days,” he told The Arizona Republic. “We carefully wrapped them in sheets. The body parts we put in pillowcases. We swept the decks and took the small bones. “Everything was taken ashore and properly taken care of.” Fifty years after the attack, Langdell played a role in an emotional act of reconciliation. He accompanied former Japanese dive bomber pilot Zenji Abe, who took part in the Japanese raid, on a visit to the USS Arizona Memorial. The two men placed a wreath at a wall inscribed with the names of the Arizona crewmen who lost their lives in the attack. “I appreciate your thoughtfulness,” Langdell told Abe, in a moment caught in the documentary film, USS Arizona: The Life & Death Of A Lady. “It took more courage on your part to present this wreath than it did for me to accept it.” Both men had tears in their eyes, says Martinez, who was with them. “It took a great deal of courage and humanity for [Langdell] to say what he did and shake his
Ensign Joseph Langdell was interred into the Arizona on Dec. 7, 2015.
hand,” Martinez says. “It will give you an idea of the character of this man.” Joseph Kopcho Langdell was born Oct. 12, 1914, in the small town of Wilton, N.H. After graduating from high school, Langdell went to Boston University, graduating in 1938 with a business degree. He worked as an accountant before signing up for a Navy program for college graduates that quickly turned out officers. In March 1941 he was commissioned as an ensign. After the war, he and his wife, Elizabeth, settled in California and opened a furniture and appliance store in Yuba City. Elizabeth Langdell died in 2012. Joseph Langdell is survived by his sons, Ted of Marysville, Calif., and John of Spearfish, S.D., and two grandchildren. Live stream coverage of Langdell’s interment was broadcast in the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center theaters, as well as online, for those unable to attend the ceremony. Visit www. pearlharbor75thanniversary.com/74thanniversary-videos to watch the interment ceremony. Photos: Courtesy of Langdell family, Brett Seymour, and Donny Chambers. Obituary information from David Colker, Los Angeles Times, Feb.12, 2015. REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 5
Pathway to Reconciliation From Engagement to Peace BY DANIEL A. MARTINEZ, CHIEF HISTORIAN, WWII VALOR IN THE PACIFIC NATIONAL MONUMENT
The Pacific war ended as dramatically as it had begun with blinding white light flashing over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Within days, Japan surrendered, and on Sept. 2, 1945, peace officially was orchestrated upon the solemn waters of Tokyo Bay. This peace and the reconciliation necessary to maintain it were unimaginable to most of the combat veterans of the Pacific War, hardened as they were by nearly four years of bitter and bloody conflict. The destruction unleashed by both sides upon the Pacific islands, Asia, and in particular, Japan, was unprecedented. Historian Dr. David Kennedy penned, “At dawn on Sunday (September 2, 1945) crewmen set up a table on Missouri’s deck and laid out the surrender documents. Shortly before 9 a.m. the Japanese delegates arrived … A few minutes later 6 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
Gen. MacArthur and Adms. Nimitz and Halsey stepped onto the deck … MacArthur gave a brief speech. He had expressed the hope ‘that from this solemn occasion a better world shall emerge … a world founded on faith and understanding.’ The Japanese officials came forward under the shadow of the Missouri’s 16-inch guns and put their signatures to the surrender instruments … One onlooking Japanese diplomat wondered ‘whether it would have been possible for us, had we been victorious, to embrace the vanquished with similar magnanimity. Clearly, it would
have been different.’”1 It was over! The conflict had ended and healing was about to begin. But the question remained – How could you fight a war without mercy and return to the values of civility and mutual respect? Darker feelings lingered, and the inhumanity that had been prosecuted largely was unresolved. Dr. John Dower observed, “To a conspicuous degree, the racial and racist ways of thinking which had contributed so much to the ferociousness of the war were sublimated and transformed
after August of 1945. The merciless struggle for control gave way, in a remarkably short time, to an occupation in which mercy was indeed displayed by the conquerors, and generosity and goodwill characterized many of the actions of the victor and vanquished alike.”2 It was in this postwar environment that the remembrance of individual acts of courage and compassion began to pave the pathway to peace. Just one year after the war had ended, voices of reconciliation came forward. “On Pearl Harbor Day in 1946, Gov. Ingram M. Stainback of Hawaii remarked that the ‘heroic deeds of our citizens of every race should silence for
understanding would do away with war.”3 Perhaps the first recorded example of that individual gesture of reconciliation occurred in 1950 when Jacob DeShazer, a Doolittle Raider and prisoner of war, met Mitsuo Fuchida, a Japanese Navy aviator and leader of the attack on Pearl Harbor. These former warriors found fellowship in Christianity. Fuchida had read DeShazer’s book, I Was a Prisoner of Japan. He was moved by DeShazer’s personal history and his reintroduction to Christianity while he was a prisoner of war in solitary confinement. Fuchida was so inspired by that book, he too sought out his own salvation by becoming a minister himself.
For years, he shared his faith and compassion. Thousands of Americans heard this testimony and many damaged hearts were changed. On Feb. 7, 1962, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy was on the third day of his official visit to Tokyo, Japan. Mainly, he was there to prepare for the first presidential visit to Japan and a reunion of his brother’s former PT 109 crew with veterans of the Amagiri, the Japanese destroyer that had cut the 109 in two during the battle for the Solomon Islands. While Kennedy was attending a meeting at the Japan Institute of Foreign Affairs, an elderly man was escorted into a reception room to meet him. There Kennedy shook hands with
Above, left: Pearl Harbor Survivors stand and salute during the 74th commemoration ceremony. Photo by Donny Chambers. Above, right: Hawaii Gov. David Ige greets attendees at the 74th commemoration ceremony on Dec. 7, 2015. Photo by Brett Seymour.
all times those preaching racial intolerance, should forever still the tongues of discord that would divide our people.’ An editorial in The Honolulu Advertiser argued in a similar vein that only international
They would meet in 1950 in Japan and became close friends. That friendship motivated Fuchida to write his book, From Pearl Harbor to Golgotha, in 1953. That friendship led to Fuchida’s coming to America to preach.
Kohei Hanami, the mayor of Shiokawa. A startled RFK also was then told Hanami had been the captain of the Amagiri. Author William Doyle noted, “He was, as Robert Kennedy realized, the man who had nearly
Opposite page: Dr. Hiroya Sugano (center), former World War II B25 bomber pilot Jack DeTour (center left), and former World War II Japanese fighter pilot Shiro Wakita (center right) pour bourbon whiskey into the Remembrance Well, with Jacqueline Ashwell and Daniel Martinez standing by, aboard the USS Arizona Memorial during the Blackened Canteen Ceremony honoring the 74th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Photo by Elaine Simon. REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 7
IN D OW TO TH E UN D ERWATER WOR L D BY SCOTT PAWLOWSKI, NPS CHIEF OF CULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES, AND EMILY PRUETT, NPS PARK EDUCATION SPECIALIST
“Live Dive” broadcasts allow viewers a glimpse of the submerged USS Arizona. The USS Arizona is one of the most prominent parts of World War II history, yet very few have ever been able to see what the vessel looks like. Visitors have had to use their imaginations of what lies beneath the waters for nearly 74 years. Even the interpretive staﬀ at World War II Valor in the Paciﬁc National Monument (VALR) has had to rely on techniques other than ﬁrsthand visual or tactile experience as none of them SCUBA dive and thus would be unable to see or touch the ship. However since 2010, VALR has worked to illuminate what happened to the USS Arizona using high deﬁnition video and augmented reality. Beginning in 2014, VALR has been able to broadcast a live video stream from beside the ship. This is no trivial task as the ship and Pearl Harbor present a whole host of technical challenges. In October 2015, nearly 6,000 viewers from around the world watched a “Live Dive” broadcast and interactively asked questions for more than an hour. They were able to develop a connection to the 1,177 men who died aboard the Arizona. This project involved extensive and interdependent collaboration. The core team consisted of public, nonproﬁt and private partners from the National Park Service (NPS)’s Submerged Resources Center (SRC), Paciﬁc Historic Parks (PHP), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution’s Advanced Imaging & Visualization Laboratory, and Ocean Technology Systems. The NPS staﬀ was interdisciplinary, with members from interpretation, cultural resources, and education leading the project with vital support rendered from information technology and maintenance. This team was able to communicate more than 20 years of research conducted on the vessel and actually show the physical environment of the studies. They were also able to demonstrate the importance of ship engineering, coral recruitment, ﬁsh reproductive behavior, organic chemistry, species diversity, and other STEM topics directly associated with the USS Arizona. These topics were supplementary to the approach of giving visitors a visual understanding of what happened to the ship in 1941. The team continues to meet in order to improve their approach for future broadcasts. Recordings of the “Live Dive” are available online for viewing at www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzhycBvBiYE. Please check the NPS and PHP websites for information on future broadcasts.
killed his brother. Kennedy unhooked his own PT 109 tie clasp and gave it to Hanami, and Hanami gave Kennedy a painting of Mount Fuji. Like few others, the two men would have understood how strange the currents of history were that brought them together at that moment.”4 Shortly before leaving on his fated trip to Texas, President Kennedy prerecorded a twominute television message for the people of Japan to be broadcast via satellite a few days later. “In all these ways we are working to strengthen the ties of friendship between Japan and the United States, ties of understanding … [I]t will be a means of making our people live more closely together … bringing peace to them. To the people of Japan, I send the best wishes of the people of the United States for happiness, prosperity and peace. Thank you.” The message never aired due to the assassination of the President on Nov. 22, 1963. The possibility of engagement was lost in a world in grief. At the height of the Vietnam War, political tensions in Asia and America grew. Those who embraced the new peace movements began to form a new interpretation of Pearl Harbor and how it should be remembered and reconciled. “In 1968, a letter published in the Honolulu Star-Bulletin on the day before the anniversary of the attack urged the editors to ‘de-emphasize the infamy of the Pearl Harbor attack by throwing away photos of burning, sinking battleships and dive-bombing planes emblazoned with Rising Sun emblems’ and focusing instead on ‘positive exchange.’”5
Rev. Ryujo Fujita, Japan Religious Committee for World Federation, delivered a Prayer for Peace. Photo by Brett Seymour.
Many Americans were angered by what they felt was a stripping away of the meaning of the Memorial and the sacrifice of the men that lay below it. The road to reconciliation in the late 1960s appeared forestalled by genuine emotions of grief and resentment. In the late 1960s, tours to the Memorial were begun by the U.S. Navy. As more jet airliners arrived in Hawaii, the number of visitors to the Memorial exponentially increased. The need for the Navy to have an adequate visitor center and consequent congressional funding began to draw the attention of those that served in Washington, D.C. “From time to time in the postwar years it was suggested that any memorial at Pearl Harbor should honor the dead of both the United States and Japan. This sentiment was repeated during congressional hearings in 1972 on the funding of the visitors’ center at the memorial, when Rep. Julia B. Hansen of Washington argued that ‘the Japanese have made the center of rebuilt Hiroshima a national shrine, dedicated to peace and the avoidance of further atrocities of war. Our memorial at Pearl Harbor must symbolize the same high goals
for the citizens of the United States and it must be accessible to all who wish to reaffirm their commitment to those noble objectives.’”6 In 1980, the National Park Service (NPS) was asked to take over operations of the USS Arizona Memorial. A caveat to that agreement was the U.S. Navy would operate the launches to the Memorial. NPS introduced new guidelines on how to interpret the story of Pearl Harbor. The path to reconciliation would not open fully until the next decade. However, there were moments when the anger of the past faded for some of the veterans, and many began to rethink the possibilities for forgiveness and friendship. In 1984, several members of the Japan Naval Pilots Association made their way to the island of Oahu. Their purpose was to pay their respects and to pray for the dead at the USS Arizona Memorial. Many of the pilots had flown in the attack 43 years earlier. Fearful that they would not be welcomed, they came unannounced, offering flowers and prayers and bowing with humility for the fallen. Superintendent Gary Cummins recalled that a Pearl Harbor
Survivor approached one of the Japanese aviators, told him that “five of my classmates are at the bottom,” and then he embraced that pilot and shook his hand. Wiping away tears of sorrow and acceptance, the Japanese veterans went home sensing the past had been reconciled but the distance of Pearl Harbor and its aftermath still were present. The 50th anniversary in 1991 brought a huge number of Pearl Harbor Survivors to Hawaii to commemorate the attack. Japanese came as well, buoyed by the positive experience of the Japanese pilots who visited earlier. Japanese Navy aviators Maruyama and Harada were greeted warmly by Pearl Harbor Survivor Bill Speer, a crewman aboard the USS Honolulu who then served as a volunteer at the USS Arizona Memorial visitor center. When asked by a reporter why he was friendly toward the Japanese, he replied, “I hold no animosity against them. I met six Japanese pilots that bombed Pearl Harbor. They were doing what they were ordered to do. We were doing what we were trained to do, and the Good Book teaches you to forgive and that time heals all wounds!” From engagement to peace … Finding the pathway to reconciliation can be, and is, an enduring odyssey. Kennedy, Dr. David M., Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War. 2 Dower, Dr. John W., War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War. 3 Linenthal, Dr. Edward, Sacred Ground: Americans and Their Battlefields. 4 Doyle, William, PT 109: An American Epic of War, Survival and the Destiny of John F. Kennedy. 5 Linenthal. 6 Linenthal. 1
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Renewed Optimism at Valor BY ELAINE SIMON, DIGITAL MARKETING MANAGER
On Oct. 19 of last year, Jacqueline Ashwell assumed her new role as superintendent of World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. Immediately prior, she was superintendent of the Seattle area National Park sites, including Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park – Seattle Unit, the Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial, Wing Luke Museum Affiliated Area, Outdoor Recreation Information Center at REI’s flagship store, and the Seattle Trails and Rails program.
Pearl Harbor in December and the helicopter crash in February. “I’ve been very impressed with how the 74th commemoration of National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day went, how well everyone came together to deal with the tragic helicopter crash in February, and how nimble this team can be in getting things done while still meeting the needs of so many visitors,” says Ashwell. “There’s a lot of work ahead of us, and the team is smart and dedicated. I’m very optimistic about the future at Valor.”
“It’s an extraordinary time to work at Valor, on the eve of the 75th commemoration of National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day and the National Park Service’s centennial.” In the short time Ashwell has been at Pearl Harbor, two major events have occurred: the 74th anniversary of the attack on
In January, Ashwell took into her home a tiny, emaciated kitten captured by the USS Bowfin staff at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. The kitten, named Kona, is now “completely healthy these days, a decent weight, and beginning to socialize,” says Ashwell. (Photo courtesy of Ashwell) 10 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
This optimism is shared by others as well. “The Monument has gone through a crucible of change,” says Daniel Martinez, chief historian at Valor. “For many of us it has been painful, and yet through that difficult period, there has been a renewed faith in the mission of the National Park Service (NPS). The superintendent brings a new awareness and professionalism to a staff that was in deep need of resolute leadership.” Looking forward, Ashwell is focused on safety, employee engagement, infrastructure, resource conservation, and sustainable staffing. “My goal is to revisit the foundations of World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument,” she says. “It’s an opportunity, not just for me, but for our entire
team ‒ NPS employees and volunteers, as well as our key partners ‒ to remind ourselves of why we’re here, recognize the exceptional work that’s been accomplished, and work together toward a better future.”
Jacqueline Ashwell (NPS photo)
Ashwell’s 22 years with NPS began in 1993 when she joined as a volunteer at Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Her master’s thesis in historical archaeology documented the more than 150 historic cemeteries at the park, which straddles the border between North Carolina and Tennessee. In 2000, she moved to Alaska and spent 12 years working in archeology, interpretation, and law enforcement at various NPS sites before moving on to Seattle. “It’s an extraordinary time to work at Valor,” Ashwell says, “on the eve of the 75th commemoration of National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day and the National Park Service’s centennial. It’s a time to recognize the importance of stewardship and the critical role that the NPS plays in sharing this history with a global audience – in our centennial year, and in the century to come.”
Gets a New Voice BY EDEAN SAITO, SPECIAL PROJECTS MANAGER
Diamond Head State Monument will soon be offering visitors a new audio tour in English and Japanese beginning in midsummer. Other languages are currently being developed. The audio tour will provide information about the geology, biology, and history of Diamond Head to provoke, stimulate in-
opportunities to expand on the broader natural and cultural history of the Hawaiian Islands. The high visitation to the park suggests that a large number of visitors and residents would benefit from an interpretive program. The overall goal is to give the visitor a deeper understanding and appreciation for Dia-
State Parks, as well as Hawaiian cultural historians, and military history experts. Diamond Head is Hawaii’s
The overall goal is to give the visitor a deeper understanding and profound appreciation for Diamond Head in all of its multiple contexts – visual, cultural, and scientiﬁc.
terest, and promote preservation of its resources. The narration will be dynamic and engaging in style. Traditional Hawaiian music will be featured. The view corridors available from the summit will provide many
mond Head in all of its multiple contexts – visual, cultural, and scientific. This project is a collaboration of Pacific Historic Parks, the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of View from the top
most recognized landmark. Its prominent seaward peak and its location along the southeastern shoreline of Oahu make this geological feature readily visible from land, sea, and air. Geologically speaking, Diamond Head is a volcanic tuff cone consisting of eroded slopes and a recessed crater. The trail is 0.7 miles long. It is unpaved and has an uneven rock and dirt surface. The trail leads through a dark tunnel and involves climbing a steep, 99-step concrete stairway and a narrow spiral staircase inside an unlit bunker. Although considered moderately strenuous, your reward for climbing Diamond Head will be a panoramic view of south Oahu from Koko Head to Barbers Point. REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 11
Olivia’s Story BY EDEAN SAITO, SPECIAL PROJECTS MANAGER
Olivia: My Life of Exile in Kalaupapa, originally published in 1988, chronicles Olivia Breitha’s personal and medical history from the age of 18, when she was first diagnosed with Hansen’s Disease, (also known as leprosy) and exiled to the settlement of Kalaupapa, on the island of Molokai. Olivia’s book tells us more about her half-century of life as Hawaii Department of Health parolee No. 3306 than she felt she could ever reveal. “It was never my intention to share so many intimate and disturbing aspects of my life with total strangers. Many times I wanted to quit the whole business and keep all my pain inside, where it belonged, hidden from the world. Why bother? People have their own problems. Who cares what I’ve been through anyway? It took many years and the patient help of family and friends to convince me that it was only by opening up that I could come to some kind of peace with myself, with our fearful society, and with the generations of government and healthcare authorities that helped to institutionalize that fear. I think that expressing myself through this book has helped make me a more caring and understanding person.” She added, “I finally regained the sense of dignity that was taken from me when I was a child. It’s taken a long time for me to feel this way again. I’m glad I stuck it out,.” Olivia was not one to succumb to life’s difficulties. She met every challenge head on. Through her own words, you will discover a woman of immense strength, whose transformation from a social outcast to a powerful eloquent social activist has inspired tens of thousands of readers around the world.
At the age of 90, around 10 years ago, Olivia left this world, but her thoughts and words are just as strong and continue to inspire us today. After almost 30 years in print, it was time for her book to go through a makeover. Olivia’s own words will remain unchanged. However, more pictures are being added in a new edition to provide more insight into the life of Olivia.
A new edition of “Olivia” is being published by PHP.
Pacific Historic Parks Member Exclusive! For a limited time, we are offering PHP Members 20% off the retail price of $12.95 for Olivia – My Life of Exile in Kalaupapa when ordered online. The book is expected to ship in May. Please use discount code olivia at www.phpstore.org. 12 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
Saipan Recovers from Typhoon Soudelor BY CINDY RAPADAS, REGIONAL MANAGER FOR GUAM & SAIPAN
On the peaceful island of Saipan resides the American Memorial Park (AMME). This national park honors the American and Marianas people who gave their lives during the Marianas Campaign of World War II. There are 5,204 names inscribed on the memorial, which was dedicated during the 50th anniversary of the invasion of Saipan. Within the 133-acre boundary are white beaches, sporting arenas, picnic sites, playgrounds, walkways, and a 30-acre protected wetland and mangrove forest. The park serves as a gathering area for both residents and visitors alike. This peaceful existence changed dramatically when Typhoon Soudelor passed directly over Saipan on Aug. 1, 2015. Winds exceeding 100 mph damaged the islandâ€™s infrastructure, flooding the islandâ€™s power plant and ripping apart numerous water tanks. Island residents
woke up to roofs ripped off homes and businesses, toppled power poles, and downed trees. It became obvious early on that restoration and recovery would take months. Once federal disaster had been declared, numerous agencies Destruction in Garapan, Saipan began responding. were prioritized so supplies The American could be received. AMME Red Cross and the Federal served as a distribution center Emergency Management for the public to collect water Agency (FEMA) were on hand to assist with the increased need through potable water tanks. for public assistance. Hundreds Finally after weeks of recovery of residents were displaced efforts, the island of Saipan and set up temporary housing began to see real tangible with tents and tarps. The improvements. Water and power international airport focused on were restored. Roads were repairing runway lights in an cleared. Children headed back to effort to allow planes to land at school, and businesses opened night and early morning. their doors. The island returned to normal. Repairs on the shipping dock
Damage to American Memorial Park was widespread.
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Guam Teacher Workshop: Parks as Classrooms BY JACLYN ZAPANTA BALAJADIA, EDUCATION PROGRAM MANAGER FOR GUAM & SAIPAN
NPS Ranger Art engages with teachers at the entrance to a WWII bunker built by the Japanese.
Last fall, a group of 19 Guam educators explored the War in the Pacific National Historical Park (WAPA). They followed trails along Asan Beach Ridge and Ga’an Point, which were both historic landing sites of a World War II invasion by the Americans in a successful effort to take the island of Guam in 1944. Teachers examined the remnants of gun emplacements and peered into World War II bunkers, built by the Japanese in an attempt to defend the island. Afterwards, they imagined what the battle for Guam might have been like on the now peaceful open field near the beach, the former battlefield that took the lives of thousands of soldiers. Surrounded by beach strands and lush tropical greenery, 14 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
teachers took time to identify protected seashore creatures and rare indigenous plants that currently reside in the park today. Pacific Historic Parks (PHP) and WAPA partnered to offer teachers this unique learning experience. The Guam Teacher Workshop is themed “Parks as Classrooms” and engages educators to use their national park as a resource for studying events and the impact it has on people, technology, and political and social trends, as well as how locale, terrain, and climate affect events and how people shape the environment for their purposes. The historical sites at WAPA provide the focus for a lesson in local and national history, geography, botany, culture,
At Asan Beach, teachers identify seashore creatures and rare indigenous plants.
science, and many other subjects in the school curriculum. PHP gave educators sample lesson plans that align with Guam and national standards, shared opportunities for collaborative service-learning activities, and led pedagogical discussions about teaching in historical places and museums. The workshop demonstrates how sites in WAPA can enrich the curriculum so that it can foster commitment to
stewardship of national historic resources. By providing education enrichment and training for teachers, the hope is that they will share and inspire their students and families to treasure their national parks too. “I really learned a lot,” said Camela Mendiola, a gifted and talented teacher at Liguan Elementary School. “My family wanted to see the sites I visited in the workshop because I had so
much fun, so my Thanksgiving weekend was spent at the park showing them what I learned.” The workshop, funded by PHP, is free of charge and offered twice a year during the fall and spring semesters. Teachers are eligible to earn one graduate credit from the University of Guam. Teachers of all grade levels and subject matters are welcome to sign up. PHP provides free bus transportation to the sites.
Service to the Land and Sea BY KINA LEWIS, EDUCATION SPECIALIST ASSISTANT
High school students are trained in scientific methods for gathering data.
The U.S. Department of Interior (DOI) Volunteer in Service to America (VISTA) Initiative is the collaboration of DOI agencies, Conservation Legacy, AmeriCorps, and other nonprofit organizations to assist some of the poorest, underserved communities in our nation, with the mission of engaging the
next generation in addressing the root causes of poverty and protecting America’s natural resources, heritage, and tribal cultures. War in the Pacific National Historical Park (WAPA) administrators were able to secure funding for a three-
year DOI/VISTA project, I Manhoben Para I Tano’ yan I Tasi – Service to the Land and the Sea. Service-learning is defined as a teaching and learning strategy that integrates community service with instruction and reflection to enrich the learning REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 15
experience, introduce possible careers, teach civic responsibility, and strengthen communities. In 2009, the government of Guam mandated Public Law 28-41 that requires students to earn 75 service-learning hours in order to graduate from high school. “I was able to see what it was like under the ocean, and snorkeling is so much fun and a
to participate in this. Our park is now able to provide high quality, curriculum-based service-learning activities to the underserved community of Guam. WAPA is a perfect setting for a program like this, with over half of our public park lands underwater and inhabited by coral reefs containing the highest levels of species diversification within the National Park Service (NPS).
Students record data to be shared with NPS and globally through the Coral Watch program.
great way to learn about coral reefs,” remarked a Guam high school student. Remarks like that, as well as seeing them discover the fragile coral reef ecosystem and realizing a need to help protect it, is what made my involvement with DOI/VISTA one of the most memorable experiences of my life. During my year of service, with support from WAPA and Pacific Historic Parks, and a $15,000 mini grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, I was able to develop the Preservation Ranger Coral Bleaching Monitoring Program curriculum. Twenty-five students from George Washington High School made up the first cohort 16 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
Our reefs are currently under serious threat due largely to anthropogenic effects like climate change, which fuels the coral bleaching epidemic. The Preservation Rangers come to understand those threats and take an active role in helping to protect it. The learning module I developed is made up of three components: “Learn, Serve, and Inspire.” The “Learn” aspect teaches the students about coral anatomy, coral ecology, the importance of coral reefs, coral bleaching, climate change, data input and analysis, and safety. With funds from the grant, Marine Educational Specialist Gena Wynn was hired and assisted with creating the curriculum for this training. NPS Biological
Technician Allison Miller and I also provided training on park safety protocols in addition to scientific monitoring methods for gathering data. The “Serve” portion got the students in the water for snorkeling events to gauge the health of the corals within our park. They made observations on the health of different species of corals, recorded it, and then transmitted it to natural resource managers within NPS and globally through the Coral Watch program. The “Inspire” portion of the program, which has yet to be implented, will provide training on public speaking and how to create effective public service announcements and presentations. This instruction will allow the students to develop the skills needed to convey their experiences to help educate their peers and the general public about environmental issues in our community. The positive response and the potential for sustainability has led NPS administrators to express their intention of not only continuing this program, but expanding on it in the near future. To date we have already added one more permanent site that we can monitor, and plans are being made to add two more in the next year. Partnerships with other federal and local agencies are also being cultivated so that more resources will be available to us to enhance this program. We are very excited to see this program grow and then see the future achievements of the Preservation Rangers. It is my hope that this program will inspire the students to be environmental stewards and help to preserve and protect our island’s rich natural resources.
Receives Award BY EDEAN SAITO, SPECIAL PROJECTS MANAGER
Teacher workshop at Honouliuli National Monument. Photo: Emily Pruett, NPS Park Education Specialist
The Pacific West Region recipient of the Achieving Relevance Interpretive Team Award goes to World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (VALR) and Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GOGA). The goal of this partnership is to combine the efforts of the Pacific Area Confinement Sites and other significant sites in classrooms across the Pacific. GOGA Education Lead Nancy Caplan and VALR Education Coordinator Frank Middleton were the two point persons on this project. The 2015 summer teacher workshop focused on “World War II and the Japanese American Experience; a Local and Regional Perspective.” Held June 16 – 19, 2015, this free program funded by Pacific Historic Parks (PHP), brought together approximately 25 Hawaii-based high school
teachers to examine the causes and effects of Japanese American internment during World War II, compare the experiences of those on Hawaii and the mainland, and explore the differences between martial law and Executive Order 9066. This year VALR hosted educators and subject matter experts from the National Japanese American Historical
Society, Japanese Cultural Center of Hawaii, Golden Gate National Parks, and Hawaii Department of Education. These speakers, along with the VALR ParkED team, introduced new curriculum, inquiry-based pedagogy, and a unique historic lens that can be readily incorporated into the classroom and become a part of a nationwide curriculum.
Emily Pruett presents on the first day of the teacher workshop. Photo by Carolyn Hill. REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 17
ParkED by the Numbers At ParkED, we inspire, educate, and connect students with the stories of Pearl Harbor.
660 SCHOOL REQUESTS 35,756
8 Mainland USA
Neighbor Islands Other* University
10.5 13.9 % % 20.3%
Above, left: Lau Sualevai, NPS education specialist, visits Aina Haina Elementary School. Photo by Lori Kuwahara. Above, right: Uncle Jimmy Lee, a witness to the Pearl Harbor attacks shares his story with eighth graders from Ka Waihona o Ka Naauao, a public charter school in Nanakuli. Photo by Johanna Yeomans. Below: Sualevai, NPS education specialist, speaks to Mililani Middle School student at Valor. Photo by Johanna Yeomans.
42.8% High School *Such as continuing ed.
PHP Awarded $100,000 Grant Pacific Historic Parks (PHP) received a generous $100,000 grant from explore.org, a direct charitable activity of the Annenberg Foundation. The funds will be used to support the USS Arizona Memorial at World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor. PHP President & CEO Ray L’Heureux stated, “The generosity of explore.org will allow PHP to continue its ongoing projects and programs at the USS Arizona and extend its reach to the remaining Pearl Harbor Survivors who are unable to join us for commemoration events, as well as others throughout the world.” The gift was made after Charles Annenberg Weingarten, vice president and director of the Annenberg Foundation, made his first visit to the Memorial’s renovated visitor center in 18 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
July 2015. “It is a great honor to help the Pearl Harbor Memorial. Words cannot convey the acts of selfless heroism and bravery that took place here nor how my time there inspired me,” said Weingarten. “This historic location is both a reminder of how precious our freedoms are and a sacred ground in our history that many generations can learn from.” National Park Service Superintendent Jacqueline Ashwell expressed her gratitude. “We deeply appreciate this gift from the Annenberg Foundation and explore.org which will help in our continued efforts to honor the memory of those who bore witness to the attack on Pearl Harbor and Oahu, and the legacy of those who defended our country as the United States entered World War II.”
Our Survivor Updates 2
1 1 FBI and other law enforcement agencies visited with Uncle
Herb Weatherwax and Uncle Al Rodrigues while attending a regional conference in March 2016.
2 Uncle Al Rodrigues celebrated his 96th birthday on Feb. 7, 2016.
3 Uncle Sterling Cale, a former Eagle Scout, visited Cub Scout Pack No. 388 from Pearl Harbor at the USS Missouri during their Blue and Gold Ceremony in July 2014. Photo courtesy of Sterling Cale.
4 Uncle Everett Hyland celebrated his 93rd birthday on March
17, 2016. From left: Tanya Bumanglag, Uncle Everett, Edean Saito, and Val Gonda.
5 Woodcreek High School students from Roseville, Calif., serenade Uncles Al and Sterling in March 2016.
5 REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 19
Spreading the Message of Peace
Wings to the World BY EDEAN SAITO, SPECIAL PROJECTS MANAGER
adako Sasaki was a twoyear-old when the atomic bomb was dropped near her home by Misasa Bridge in Hiroshima, Japan on Aug. 6, 1945 in an attempt to end World War II. Her home was about a mile away from ground zero. Ten years later, on Oct. 25, 1955, at the age of 12, she died as a result of radiation from the bomb. At the age of 11, Sadako was diagnosed with leukemia, the “atom bomb disease,” and was admitted to the Red Cross Hospital. Her first visitor and best friend, Chizuko Hamamoto, cut a piece of gold paper into a large square and folded it into a beautiful crane. Chizuko relayed the old story: “It’s supposed to live for a 1,000 years. If a sick person folds one thousand paper cranes, the gods will grant her wish and make her healthy again.” She handed the crane to Sadako. “Here’s your first one.” Sadako kept folding even though she was in great pain. Not long afterwards, Sadako went to sleep peacefully, never to wake up again. She had folded a total of 644 paper cranes. Exactly 356 were folded by Sadako’s classmates in her honor. Saddened by the loss of their close
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Punahou School students in Hawaii volunteer one Saturday each month to help spread Sadako’s message.
friend, they decided to form a paper crane club to honor her. Word spread quickly. Students from 3,100 schools and from nine foreign countries gave money to the cause. On May 5, 1958, almost three years after Sadako died, enough money was collected to build a monument in her honor. It is now known as the Children’s Peace Monument and is located in the center of Hiroshima Peace Park, close to the spot where the atomic bomb was dropped. In 2012, the Sasaki family graciously donated one of the last paper cranes folded by Sadako before her death. It is on display in the museum at World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. In his remarks at the unveiling of the exhibit, Masahiro Sasaki, elder brother of Sadako, shared with us, “Sadako kept folding paper cranes even when she was approaching the end of her life. It was as if she was using up all the strength that sustained the rest of her life. Through this act, Sadako taught us one thing – the first step to achieve peace in our hearts is to have compassion, selflessness, and thoughtfulness towards the people around us. “Her paper cranes have become a symbol of wishes for peace and spread to the world, and her spirit continues to live on in everyone. We are certain that if we can share the spirit of compassion, omoiyari, with everyone else, we can pave the path to a more peaceful world.” Several teachers from Punahou School in Honolulu continue to share the story of Sadako’s strength and spirit of compassion along with their students at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. One Saturday a month, students teach visitors how to fold a paper crane while relaying the story of Sadako. During the summer of 2015, visiting teachers
and professors from Japan accompanied a group from Punahou, observing the high school students interacting with our visitors. Afterwards, they wished to expand the Sadako Peace Crane Project to schools in Japan. The Sadako Peace Crane Project has students in Japan write a message of peace on a piece of paper that they will eventually fold into a paper crane. They all have wonderful words promoting world peace and reconciliation: • “Past is the past. Let’s think about our future! Pray for peace.” • “I think it’s difficult to understand each other. But, we must try to understand each other. Let’s work hard and do our best!” We’ve since received almost 2,000 of these very special cranes and in turn share them with our visitors at Pearl Harbor. One teacher from Tokyo wrote, “Today, students in Japan are learning about what happened in World War II in their social studies class but didn’t know what people in the U.S. have thought about it. We are very happy this project will promote reconciliation of two countries and spread peace around the world.” Otowa Junior High School students in Japan write calligraphy peace messages.
It’s Never Too Late BY LUELLA COSTALES, DIRECTOR OF DEVELOPMENT
Pacific Historic Parks (PHP) appreciates when members choose to include an extra gift when sending in their membership renewal payment. At times it might be an additional donation, a contribution dedicated to a loved one’s memory, or sometimes clippings from a special event. Karen Richardson from San Clemente, Calif., recently shared with us her mementos from a very special event that took place last year on what would have been her father’s 94th birthday. Karen’s father, Ardenne Allen (A.A.) “Bill” Woodward, died aboard the USS Arizona during the attack of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. However, the 70-year-old War Memorial in Huntington Beach, Calif., did not include a recognition of Woodward. City Historian Jerry Persons noticed the omission of Woodward’s name after stumbling across a copy of Life magazine dated July 5, 1943 that listed the names of Americans who had died during the Pearl Harbor attack. He searched for Woodward’s wife and daughter, and with the help of City Councilman Dave Sullivan, himself a Vietnam War Army veteran, tracked down Karen. The City of Huntington Beach and American Legion Post 133 held a special ceremony on June 9, 2015, for the unveiling of the new memorial with the inclusion of A.A. Woodward’s name. The ceremony was attended by Karen, her daughter, and grandchildren. PHP would like thank PHP member Karen Richardson for sharing her family history with us, the City of Huntington Beach, American Legion Post 133, and all those who share PHP’s mission in realizing the importance of Karen’s words: “...it is never too late nor has too much time past to *Remember*Honor*Understand*.” Unfortunately, like many others, Karen never had a chance to meet her father, but ceremonies and special tributes like these keep multiple generations connected to history and family legacies. Karen has also contributed letters exchanged between her parents to the book Battleship Arizona by Paul Stillwell. The Huntington Beach Ceremony is available for viewing on YouTube.
Karen Richardson is embraced by her daughter and grandson during the ceremony to add her father’s name to the War Memorial plaque in Huntington Beach, Calif., on June 9, 2015. Photos courtesy of Karen Richardson and Joshua Sudock, Orange County Register 22 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 23
h s i W
The Magic of a BY EDEAN SAITO, SPECIAL PROJECTS MANAGER The Pro Bowl on Jan. 31, 2016, was the main draw for 15 Wish kids to visit Hawaii. Accompanied by their families, a group of 73 made a visit to the USS Arizona Memorial.
Here at World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, we can’t help but see the magic happening all around us. It’s magic to see the enthralled expression on a Wish child’s face when he or she meets one of our superheroes, a Pearl Harbor Survivor. It’s magic to watch their faces when the light bulb goes on when they comprehend the tragedies of war and the perseverance of a nation pulling itself back together again and make the connection to their own lives. It’s magic to be a witness to the strength, hope, and joy in each of these children; they inspire each of us. These kids need joy and, in many cases, an escape from the reality of their illness. Our partnership with the Make-AWish Foundation gives them that through the power of a wish. This would not be possible without the hard work and dedication of the staff at the
Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, National Park Service, Pacific Historic Parks, and at each of our Pearl Harbor Historic sites: the USS Bowfin Submarine, the Battleship Missouri, and the Pacific Aviation Museum. In 2015, we were given the privilege to fulfill the wish of 168 children and their families. On Dec. 7, a very special wish was fulfilled when 17-year-old Beau and his family were invited to and seated up front and center amongst the Pearl Harbor Survivors and World War II Veterans at the 74th anniversary commemoration ceremonies. Ages range from four to 20 years old, and they come to visit
Left: Wish kids, Ben (left) from St. Paul, Minn., and Koby (right) from Ottawa, Kan., met at Pearl Harbor and bonded over their shared ailments. Far right: Wish kid Rachel from Ankeyn, Iowa, enjoys her visit with Pearl Harbor Survivor Uncle Herb Weatherwax. 24 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
Pearl Harbor from all across the United States. It was 15-year-old Max’s dream to come to Hawaii from Florida. In August, we helped to fulfill his dream with a visit to Pearl Harbor through the Dreams Come True program. It’s truly amazing how much magic is in that all powerful wish and what an honor it is to help make that wish a reality. The Make-A-Wish Foundation, a nonprofit organization founded in 1980, grants the wishes of children with life-threatening illnesses.
Point of View
A CALL FOR
Do you have a special photo taken at one of our parks that you would like to share? Pacific Historic Parks will select a few images captured by our members for printing in each issue of Remembrance. E-mail your submission to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Pro Bowl players with their friends and families attend a VIP tour of Pearl Harbor in January 2016. REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 25
Pearl Harbor Survivor Shares Radar Story As a result of a radar article in the Summer 2015 issue of Remembrance, Pacific Historic Parks received this letter from Richard Shimmel, a Pearl Harbor Survivor and Pacific Historic Parks member. January 26, 2016 I read your story in the Remembrance magazine with great interest. As you know, England gave us USA Radar on August 14, 1940. It was on August 28, 1940 that I enlisted in the Army. With my school credit, they put me in the Signal Aircraft Warning Company. Going overseas by ship, I met Joe McDonald, who later became the third person to hear about the Japanese planes, from Joe Lockhard, who was the second person to know about the Japanese planes. Joe Lockhard was also on the ship but headed for a diﬀerent company. Joe Lockhard later came over to the Signal Aircraft Warning Company. We arrived in Hawaii on December 10, 1940 without any knowledge of what “radar” was. With trial and error, we got our ﬁrst radar station working in early 1941 at Koko Head. George Elliott arrived later and was sent to the radar station at Opana. In early December 1941, we were alerted the Japanese Navy was near but they could not be located. After a few days, they took us oﬀ the alert. Joe McDonald and I were sent to the Fort Shafter to help work on the main information center. On December 6, Joe McDonald relieved me for his overnight stay. On December 7, we had no one working at the information center. George Elliott was just learning the radar when he told Joe Lockhard about the large area of planes he saw. Joe Lockhard wrote the message down and called it in to Joe McDonald, who then gave it to Lt. Tyler. The message was later taken by the Robert’s Commission to Washington. I still have my original copy of this message. Joe came to our tent and said, “Shim, the Japanese are coming!” A few minutes later, we heard the bombs and could see the planes diving over the ships. I am reportedly the ﬁfth person to know that the Japanese were coming. We were new, so we never had an insignia. Actually, we were working on it before the war started and to this day, our Signal Aircraft Warning Company does not have an insignia. Thank you, Richard Schimmel
Share Your Story with Us Although we are unable to publish all submitted letters due to limited space, we invite Pacific Historic Parks members to share their personal experiences relating to any of our five parks in future issues of Remembrance. Please include a signed statement granting us permission to reproduce your letter. 26 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
E-mail submissions to membership@ pacifichistoricparks.org or mail to: Pacific Historic Parks Attn: Membership Department 94-1187 Ka Uka Blvd. Waipahu, HI 96797
BY MAL MIDDLESWORTH, PEARL HARBOR GRAM EDITOR AND NATIONAL PHSA PRESIDENT (2005-2008)
For the first time since the inception of the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association, nearly all 189 issues of the Pearl Harbor Gram, the Association’s national publication, are available on the Internet. The digitized copies of the Gram can be found on the Pacific Historic Parks website. See below on how to find the Gram issues online. The issues of the Pearl Harbor Gram provide insights into how the Association was formed and
grew. Included are many photos and examples of the various local chapter, state, and national programs that embodied the association’s motto: “Remember Pearl Harbor – Keep America Alert.” To access the Gram online, visit Pacific Historic Parks’ website at grams.pacifichistoricparks.org. The Gram archives have been organized by decade, which can be further explored by year. Find the issue you are interested in and read away.
The Gram evolved over the years as the times changed. From left: the first issue, published in 1964; the 100th issue, published in 1989; and the last issue, published in 2012.
Upon the official dissolution of the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association on Dec. 31, 2011, Pacific Historic Parks (PHP) was chosen to carry on its long tradition of remembrance. The Pearl Harbor Gram continues to be a part of the PHP’s membership publication, Remembrance. It is our intention in Remembrance to carry on, as much as we can, the tradition of the Pearl Harbor
Gram, which has an incredible history of articles, photographs, and event information that capture the ongoing legacy of the Pearl Harbor Survivors. As promised to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association, nearly all 189 issues of the Pearl Harbor Gram are available on the Internet. The digitized copies of the Gram can be found on the PHP website. Visit grams.pacifichistoricparks.org. REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 27
PRAYER FOR THE DEAD
“Eternal rest grant unto them and let perpetual light shine upon them and may they rest in peace.” Richard H. Abeles USS Dale Brentwood, NY
Raymond J. Crane USS Maryland Merrilville, IN
George L. Hauk USS California Prescott, Arizona
Marcus Loorya USS Dobbin San Francisco, CA
Robert “Bob” Addobati USS Solace Sacramento, CA
Edward N. Crews, Jr. Schoﬁeld Barracks Georgetown, SC
Victor Hergett USS Maryland Laurel, MT
Harold “Pat” Manly San Diego, CA
Charles C. Allen USS Sacramento Brownsburg, IN
Joseph Derybowski Fort Kamehameha Indiana
John Delmar Anderson USS Arizona Roswell, NM
Pat Perry Duncan USS Raleigh Beeville, TX
Maynard Hoffmann Ewa Marine Corps Air Station Bremerton, WA
James S. Angeles US Army San Diego, CA
Arthur Raymond Dunn USS Oklahoma Belle Plaine, KS
Willis V. Avery USS Solace Boulder City, NV
James W. Dvorak Patrol Squadron 23, NAS FI Yountville, CA
Bobby Bailey Hickam Field Elizabethtown, KY
Lee P. Ebner USS West Virginia Louisville, KY
Edward F. Borucki USS Helena Holyoke, MA
Dewey D. Farmer Ford Island NAS South Jordan, UT
Jack O. Carson Hickam Field Shawnee Mission, KS
Henry Fries USS Detroit Bay Point, CA
Lloyd Childers USS Cassin Moraga, CA
Franklin J. Green USS Maryland Dixon, CA
Charles H. Cornelison USS Nevada Charleston, SC 28 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
Bob Hylton USS Pennsylvania San Diego, CA Chester Jankowski USS Oklahoma Swansea, IL Martin Knapp USS Medusa Vancouver, WA George Kugler Wheeler Field Indiana Robert E. LaRocque USS Tennessee San Diego, CA Howard G. Lee USS Neosho Memphis, TN Leland U. Lester USS Pennsylvania Newton, IA
William Dwight Mason USS San Francisco San Diego, CA Charlie May USS Phoenix Cambridge, WA David C. Miller USS Saint Louis Pataskala, OH Francis J. Minnock USS Helena East Northport, NY Victor Miranda Ford Island NAS, Supply San Diego, CA Malcolm Moisan USS Whitney Sonoma, CA Ralph Naslund Hickam Field Beatrice, NE John A. Nelson Jr. Fort Kamehameha Battery A Middletown, NY Andrew Nush USS Detroit San Diego, CA
Edward Joseph Olender Schoﬁeld Barracks, 21st Inf Stone Ridge, NY
John Joseph Sabo USS Tracy Sacramento, CA
Ed Silveira USS San Francisco Hayward, CA
W. V. “Bud” Taylor USS Pennsylvania Chandler, TX
Roland B. Peachee USS Rigel Carson City, NY
Alan C. Sanford USS Ward Canonsburg, PA
Harold G. Slater, Sr. Fort Shafter 64th C/A Manchester, CT
Edward E. Vezey USS Oklahoma Colorado
Robert O. Pochansky USS Rigel Payson, AZ
Garth William Sawyers US Army St. George, UT
Woodrow Lamar Wall USS New Orleans San Diego, CA
Richard Prieur USS Maryland Sun City Center, FL
Richard A. Schlink USS Oklahoma Casa Grande, AZ
Glenn Sorensen Hickam Field 42nd Bomb Sqd Sacramento, CA
Merl Resler USS Maryland Sacramento, CA
Archie J. Scott USS New Orleans Oklahoma City, OK
Ford Worthington Rice USS Solace Simi Valley, CA
Frank E. Seiveno Camp Malakole Sumter, SC
Frederick Stanly Ross Ewa Marine Corps Air Station Hernando, MS
Marion F. Shirley USS Dale Dawsonville, GA
Ed Sowman USS New Orleans Prescott, AZ Edward Spitek Fort Shafter 64thC/A California, PA Jack A. Stoeber USS Whitney Milford, CT
George Westover USS Tennessee Nashville, TN Virgil S. Williams Fort Shafter Greenﬁeld, IN Bruce W. Wright USS Selfridge Aiken, SC
Michael S. Tarnawski Patrol Squadron 12, NAS FI Corpus Christi, TX
PEARL HARBOR SURVIVORS ASSOCIATION
REPORT OF DEATH Unit or station on December 7th: _________________________________________________________ Name: _______________________________________________________________________________ Address: _____________________________________________________________________________ Date of death: _________________ Services: ______________ Funeral Home: ____________________ Interment: ____________________________________ Continue sending Remembrance? Yes No Next of kin: __________________________________ Relationship: _____________________________ Address: _____________________________________________________________________________ Remarks: _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Form prepared by: _________________________ Relationship:____________________Date: ________ Address: _____________________________________________________________________________ Email: __________________________________________ Phone: ______________________________ PLEASE INCLUDE AN OBITUARY NOTICE, IF POSSIBLE
This form is available online at grams.pacifichistoricparks.org/PDFs/Report-of-Death.pdf Please complete and mail to: Edean Saito, Special Projects Manager Pacific Historic Parks, 94-1187 Ka Uka Blvd., Waipahu, HI 96797 REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 29
In 2014, four of the then nine remaining USS Arizona survivors, Donald Stratton, left, Louis Conter, John Anderson, and Lauren Bruner, held a toast in honor of their fallen shipmates and service members aboard the USS Arizona Memorial. Photo: U.S. Navy Photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Johans Chavarro
75th Commemoration Honoring the Past, Inspiring the Future BY ELAINE SIMON, DIGITAL MARKETING MANAGER
As the 75
anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor draws closer, many individuals are coming together to bring forth a commemoration that will, in the words of retired U.S. Navy Adm. Thomas B. Fargo, who is leading the 75th Commemoration Committee, “go beyond tribute and remembrance, embracing our acknowledgement and respect for all men and women who serve.” The theme, “Honoring the Past and Inspiring the Future,” supports this vision and promotes understanding and values of th
30 | REMEMBRANCE SP16
leadership within our youth. In 2015, Gov. David Ige formed a blue-ribbon committee tasked with planning and executing the 75th Commemoration, heightening state, national, and international awareness and participation. The chairman of this prestigious group is Adm. Fargo, with Steven W. Colon of Hunt Companies as vice chair. Formal subcommittees include an executive committee; an events committee (led by Neil Sheehan, Pacific Historic Park’s chairman); a finance committee; a marketing committee; a lodging, transportation,
and tours committee; and a government support committee. Leaders of Hawaii’s for-profit, nonprofit, and government entities are represented in each committee, and all are working on a voluntary basis. With this milestone commemoration, the 75th anniversary will likely be the final large gathering of Pearl Harbor Survivors, for whom the average age is over 90 years old. “Soon, the last of those who experienced the emotional awakening triggered on that ‘date which will live in infamy’
will no longer be with us,” writes Fargo. “Their patriotism, ingenuity, and selfless commitment to the greater good were core values of our ‘Greatest Generation.’” Representing the Greatest Generation, the six remaining USS Arizona survivors and their families are expected to travel back to Oahu and participate in the commemoration. They will bear witness to the private interments of their shipmates, John D. Anderson and Clarendon Hetrick, who passed away recently. On the morning of Dec. 7, the main commemoration ceremony will take place, as it did last year, at Kilo Pier at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. For this very special 75th year, there are many significant events, for a range of audiences and interests, that will take place from Dec. 1 through Dec. 11. Access the full scope of this calendar online at the official website, www. pearlharbor75thanniversary. com, where you can also learn more about the commemoration program and the Pearl Harbor Historic Sites, as well as make a donation or purchase official 75th anniversary merchandise, with all proceeds supporting the commemoration and the Pearl Harbor Historic Sites. “Time is of the essence for people, from around the state and around the globe, to start making their plans to be here
this December to play an active role in the commemoration of this world-changing event,” says Tony Vericella, executive director for the 75th Commemoration Committee. “Special events will rekindle memories, bestow tribute, stimulate hope, and bridge generations. Travel companies – airlines, accommodations, tour wholesalers, and online travel agencies – are creating special package offerings to make it easier for you.” For those who cannot travel to Oahu, you can still provide your support in many ways – join in the remembrance by watching the live stream online on Dec.7; make an online donation to the 75th Commemoration Fund; purchase 75th anniversary merchandise online, for your family, for veterans, and active service military you know; or simply help to raise awareness by spreading the word to your family, friends, colleagues, and community. Additionally, to commemorate the 75th anniversary, Pacific Historic Parks will be releasing virtual reality experiences via a Google Cardboard app, allowing those both young and old to experience the USS Arizona Memorial and Pearl Harbor in new ways. This app will enhance the visitor experience while engaging millennials through cutting-edge technology. More details about this exciting project will be coming soon.
Blue Ribbon Committee Honorary Co-Chairmen Gov. David Y. Ige Adm. Harry B. Harris, Jr., USN Chair Adm. Thomas B. Fargo, USN (Ret.) Vice Chair Capt. Steven W. Colon, USN (Ret.) Roy Amemiya City & County of Honolulu Rick Blangiardi KGMB9 David Carey Outrigger Enterprises Group Clint Churchill Estate of James Campbell Mark Dunkerley Hawaiian Airlines Dennis Francis The Honolulu Star-Advertiser Tim Guard USS Missouri Memorial Association Rear Adm. Gus Gustavson, USN (Ret.) USS Bowfin Submarine Memorial Mufi Hannemann Hawaii Lodging & Tourism Association Thomas Lee Office of the Governor Maj. Gen. Arthur “Joe” Logan, USA State of Hawaii Department of Defense Sherry Menor-McNamara Chamber of Commerce of Hawaii John Monahan Hawaii Visitors & Convention Bureau Kelly Sanders Starwood Waikiki Neil Sheehan Pacific Historic Parks George Szigeti Hawaii Tourism Authority Donna Tanoue Bank of Hawaii Chris Tatum Marriott International, Inc. Adm. R.J. Zlatoper, USN (Ret.) Pacific Aviation Museum Pearl Harbor
Official cap and tee
Liaison Members Lt. Gen. Anthony Crutchfield, USA U.S. Pacific Command Rear Adm. John V. Fuller Navy Region Hawaii Jacqueline Ashwell NPS WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument
REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 31
Annual Report Our fiscal year 2015, Oct. 1, 2014 – Sept. 30, 2015, started off with a hint of uncertainty as all parks were closed to our visiting public due to the government shutdown. Although World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (VALR) was closed to visitors, many projects continued on to fruition. Memorial Restoration In Oct. 2014, the National Park Service (NPS) along with Pacific Historic Parks (PHP), AMVETS, and Hawk Contracting Group, began Phase 2 of the USS Arizona Memorial Restoration – the replacement of the shrine room wall. The shrine room wall was completed
and proudly rededicated during a ceremony on Veterans Day, Nov. 11, 2014. Special Events Each year, the commemoration ceremony on Pearl Harbor Day is the largest special event we have in our park to honor the lives of those who survived this day of infamy and to fulfill the mission to “Remember Pearl Harbor.” Last year, more than 3,500 guests, both invited and general public, attended the ceremony on Dec. 7, including Pearl Harbor Survivors and World War II Veterans from across the United States. With the vision of the 2016 NPS Centennial in mind – to
connect people to parks, advance the education mission, preserve America’s special places, and enhance professional and organizational excellence – we celebrated National Park Week at Pearl Harbor as the kick off for the celebration and count down to the NPS Centennial. The NPS turns 100 on Aug. 25, 2016, and everyone can take part in the celebration! Here’s to a second century of stewardship of America’s national parks and engaging communities through recreation, conservation, and historic preservation programs. Digital Portal It is imperative that we leverage current technologies, emerging
Overall Breakdown Preservation & Conservation
Pearl Harbor Institute
Education Park Support Aid
$128,563 75th Anniversary
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Preservation & Conservation
Make a Wish Tours
Park Support Aid
Special Events Education
Breakdown by Park
VALOR Pearl Harbor Institute
Make a Wish Tours
Park Support Aid
Preservation & Conservation
Preservation & Conservation
Direct Aid communication platforms, and conduits to reach a larger global audience, preserve critical resources, and expand access to these resources. NPS and PHP have partnered with HDR, Inc. to explore, research, and develop an interpretative and preservative digital portal. This will include interactive educational exhibits available onsite, online, and through mobile devices; as well as a migration to an interactive, guided tour, and a smart searchable online national database. This will provide NPS with a foundation for future content management, public access, and ongoing education. Programs The majority of our resources, staff, and financial assistance is spent throughout the year to support the NPS through research, preservation, restoration, fund development, education, and interpretive programs of VALR and other historic sites. We do this with our education programs – Junior Ranger Academy, Reef Ranger Camp,
Ticket to Ride program, and Teacher Workshops and Institutes. We also support various programs, such as fulfilling a terminally ill child’s dream and by protecting our legacy - the Pearl Harbor Survivors. We conserve critical resources, such as the preservation of grave markers for the thousands of patients who lived in Kalaupapa, through rehabilitation of the Pali Trail, and by providing a shelter to be used as an outdoor classroom for students unable to visit the settlement. We help maintain a high standard of visitor services by supplying required support staff and materials. Honouliuli By presidential proclamation on Feb. 19, 2015, Honouliuli National Monument was established to protect civil liberties in times of conflict and martial law on civil society. Honouliuli Internment Camp, a place of detention during World War II in Hawaii, is now a place to reflect on wartime
experiences and recommit to the pursuit of freedom and justice. In June 2015, the summer Teacher Workshop, themed “People and Places,” focused on internment, engaging Hawaii teachers in educating students on internment both in Hawaii and on the mainland in WWII. Partnering with internment sites regionally, as well as the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawaii, 25 Hawaii teachers along with NPS staff at VALR explored topics to support the development of Honouliuli as a National Monument. Our Mission PHP values the importance of history – it needs to be protected, researched, preserved, and passed on to future generations. Your support ensures that education programs reach students, important artifacts are preserved, new museum exhibits are designed, and WWII vets and Pearl Harbor Survivors are remembered and honored. Our efforts touch the lives of millions of park visitors, school children, and veterans each year. REMEMBRANCE SP16 | 33
New Products to Inspire Remembrance
Pacific Historic Parks (PHP) is excited to unveil brand new retail merchandise lines that offer modern lifestyle and concept-based collections. First to launch as part of PHP’s new line is American Tribute Brand’s new Pearl Harbor Collection. American Tribute Brand (ATB) was created to reinvigorate the greatness of America and translate our rich history to modern times. Two of the founders are currently on active duty in the U.S. Navy. “We are very excited to collaborate with ATB on a collection designed exclusively for the Pearl Harbor Memorial, especially since many of the designs are based on the PHP audio-
Made in the USA!
tour experience that is found at the Visitor Center,” said PHP Director of Retail Services John Hirabayashi, “ATB garments are made entirely in the USA, using high quality fabrics and printed with water-based inks for a softer feel. The artwork is patriotic, modern and minimalist, and all pieces were created inhouse by ATB’s design team.” We invite you to see the complete ATB Pearl Harbor Collection by visiting the PHP retail store at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center or online at www.phpstore.org.
All proceeds from the retail sales support education, interpretaion, and operations of PHP’s park sites.
From left: Adam Worrel, Josh Miller, and Troy Malesky are the founders of American Tribute Brand. Photo courtesy of American Tribute Brand.
Your support makes it possible for Pacific Historic Parks (PHP) to provide important funding for programs such as restoration, preservation, and education as we continue to fulfill PHPâ€™s mission.
Membership Be a part of the PHP membership by joining online, at any of our sites, and through our online and retail stores. Donations Your one-time or recurring donation can be easily set up online or by checking the box on the membership/donation form found in the center of this publication.
To Donate or Join, Please Contact Us: Online: www.pacifichistoricparks.org By mail: Pacific Historic Parks P.O. Box 29940 Honolulu, HI 96820-2340 808-954-8726 For additional ways to give, such as setting up an online giving page in honor of a loved one, in lieu of flowers, or to make a contribution through an IRA charitable rollover, contact Director of Development Luella Costales at 808-954-8723 or email@example.com.
Join Our Volunteer Team From PHPâ€™s board of directors to high school students assisting with flag folding, it is through the contributions of numerous volunteers that we support our parks and our members. To learn more about volunteering with PHP, visit www.pacifichistoricparks.org/about_volunteer.php or call 808-954-8726. Meet some of our current volunteers below: 4
3 1 Colette Higgins, a history professor at Kapiolani Community College, serves on our board of directors.
2 The Mililani High School JROTC folded flags flown on the USS Arizona Memorial. 2
3 Survivor Uncle Al Rodrigues toured the FBI Hawaii office after giving a presentation. 4 Joe Shea volunteers at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center donation desk.
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94-1187 Ka Uka Blvd. Honolulu, Hawaii 96797
Connecting Generations Mililani High School JROTC visits Survivor Uncle Herb Weatherwax during a tour of the USS Arizona Memorial.