MAY 2020, ISSUE NO1
INSIDE Discover the beauty of Europe
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Europe : )
Top Destination PLAN YOUR TRIP TO EUROPE AND FIND YOUR HOTEL FOR THE BEST PRICE IN THE BEST DESTINATIONS. PAGE 12 2
Travel news 20 SELECTED DESTINATIONS HAVE JUST COMPETED FOR THE PRESTIGIOUS TITLE OF BEST EUROPEAN PAGE 18
THE WORLD’S TOP 10 AIRPORTS OF 2016, WHICH WERE NOMINATED BY AIRLINE CUSTOMERS
RANKING THE BEST HOTELS IN THE WORLD IS NO SMALL FEAT. THAT’S WHY, FOR 20 YEARS IN A ROW
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It has one pool for swimming, infused with about 20K litres of fresh water daily. Pond in rock with flowing spring water for swimming. Play area for adults with pool table, hand soccer, table tennis, caroms etc. Play area for small kids up to 12 with swings see-saw slide merry go round etc. Dense greenery that gives you the feel of being inside a forest. Water fall for six months starting in monsoons. Those serving you are cent per cent residents of the same village. Kids and adults have a chance to see barn animals live and breed freely. ARE THERE ANY TOURIST SPOTS AROUND TO VISIT? No there are no tourist spots around. The idea of Hidden Village is to give an experience of how it would be like to live in a jungle village thatâ€™s all. But we ensure adequate comfort to visitors inside houses. However a 30 minute walk to and fro to a lake in our back hills is a treat for those who like to wander off in nature.One can trek up hill in the mountains, it can thrill any mountaineering enthusiast. There is a beautiful temple one km away called Mata Mandir towards Tansa with colourful statues of many deities good for those who are spiritually inclined. Beyond Tansa dam on a lonely desolate road with view of lake and winding road up and downhill.
Table of contents ITINERARY DISCOVER EUROPE 02 Italy AM EAT EA CUPTAT AMET EREPEDIS AUDIPSAMUS VEL IUM
03 United Kingdom AMOS SAM ET LABORA QUAM ARCIATIS ILIBUS
05 Spain QUE VOLUPTAS RERSPED MAGNAMET LAUDAEC ABORROR
07 Croatia TREICIIS AUTE MOLENIS AUT ENIME SINT QUE SINTIA SIT AD
09 Cyprus VOLUPTI CONSEQU ODICTEM. EVERSPE RUMQUE QUAS UT
13 Greece QUE VOLUT QUE NONSEQUE VELLABO. UT IUREMPEDICI
15 Portugal IM VOLES RESEQUIDUS INVEROVIT, QUIS QUIAERUM
16 Macedonia MUSDANDAE CONSEQUI QUE PERNATUS ET VOLUPTATUR
19 Moldova GENTEMPORE AUT DUNT PROREPELIA NIM AS SOLUPTA SIMI
22 Montenegro REST POREM EXPERITI QUI DUS.
24 Malta SAM, NIS ESEQUE RE EXERNATATEM UNDAECUS PRE
26 Serbia ACERRO TENDIT POREPE COR MODI CON EATEM LACIET
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Resting improbably – miraculously? – in a cliff face 900m above the Zeta valley, the gleaming white Ostrog Monastery (Manastir Ostrog) is the most important site in Montenegro for Orthodox Christians, attracting up to a million visitors annually. Even with its numerous pilgrims, tourists and souvenir stands, it’s a strangely affecting place. A guesthouse near the Lower Monastery offers tidy single-sex dorm rooms, while in summer, sleeping mats are provided for free to pilgrims in front of the Upper Monastery. The Lower Monastery (Donji manastir) is 2km below the main shrine. Stop here to admire the vivid frescoes in the Holy Trinity Church (Crkva Sv Trojice; 1824). Behind it is a natural spring where you can fill your bottles with deliciously cold, sweet water (and potentially benefit from an internal blessing as you sup it). From here the faithful, some of them barefoot, plod up the steep road to the top. Halfway up, the beautiful stone walls of the little domed Church of St Stanko the Martyr (Crkva Sv Mučenika Stanka) gleam golden in the sunset. Non-pilgrims and the pure of heart may drive directly to the main car park and limit their penitence to just the final 200m. The Upper Monastery (Gornji manastir; the really impressive one) is dubbed ‘Sv Vasilije’s miracle’, because no one seems to understand how it was built. Constructed in 1665 within two large caves, it gives the impression that it has grown out of the very rock. Sv Vasilije (St Basil), a bishop from Hercegovina, brought his monks here after the Ottomans destroyed Tvrdoš Monastery near Trebinje. Pilgrims queue to enter the atmospheric shrine where the saint’s fabric-wrapped bones are kept. To enter you’ll need to be wearing a long skirt or trousers (jeans are fine) and cover your shoulders. Most women also cover their heads with a scarf. It’s customary to back out of the doorways and you’ll witness much kissing of lintels and making of signs of the cross from the devout. At the very top of the monastery is another cave-like chapel with faded frescoes dating from 1667.
CUTE ROOMS A number of historically important buildings and their surroundings were opened to the public as museums as early as the first half of the 19th Century, including the palace of Versailles in France and George Washington’s estate Mount Vernon, in Virginia. However, the planned assembly of open-air museums was innovated in late 19th century Scandinavia. One reason may be the ancient tradition of moving and re-erecting wooden buildings, based on the local log building technique. The idea was a predictable further development of the by then well-established indoor type of museum. In order to collect and display whole buildings, it would have to be done outdoors. Precursors of openair museums were the “exotic” pavilions, “antique” temples, “ancient ruins” and “peasant cottages” to be found in 18th century landscape parks. Later precursors were the real or constructed peasant cottages shown at the international exhibitions of the mid- to late 19th century. The world’s first open-air museum was King Oscar II’s collection near Oslo in Norway, opened in 1881. The original plans comprised 8 or 10 buildings...
TRADITION One reason may be the ancient tradition of moving and re-erecting wooden buildings, based on the local log building technique. 7
OPEN-AIR MUSEUM A NUMBER OF HISTORICALLY IMPORTANT BUILDINGS AND THEIR SURROUNDINGS WERE OPENED TO THE PUBLIC AS MUSEUMS AS EARLY AS THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY, INCLUDING THE PALACE OF VERSAILLES IN FRANCE AND GEORGE WASHINGTON’S ESTATE MOUNT VERNON, IN VIRGINIA. HOWEVER, THE PLANNED ASSEMBLY OF OPEN-AIR MUSEUMS WAS INNOVATED IN LATE 19TH CENTURY SCANDINAVIA.
OPEN-AIR MUSEUM The world’s first open-air museum was King Oscar II’s collection near Oslo in Norway, opened in 1881. The original plans comprised 8 or 10 buildings.
COMMON TO ALL OPEN-AIR MUSEUMS, INCLUDING THE EARLIEST ONES OF THE 19TH CENTURY, IS THE TEACHING OF THE HISTORY OF EVERYDAY LIVING BY PEOPLE FROM ALL SEGMENTS OF SOCIETY.
L’ÉCOLE DE CINÉMA
ÉTRENNÉE AU COURS
DANS LES BALKANS
ELLE TIRE SON
LA LIGNE FUT
TROUVE UNE ÉCOLE
Common to all open-air museums, including the earliest ones of the 19th century, is the teaching of the history of everyday living by people from all segments of society.
ART DECO IT BECAME POPULAR IN THE 1920S AND 1930S, AND INFLUENCED THE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS, FURNITURE, CARS, MOVIE THEATERS, TRAINS, OCEAN LINERS Art Deco or Deco, also known as Style Moderne, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. It became popular in the 1920s and 1930s, and influenced the design of buildings, furniture, cars, movie theaters, trains, ocean liners. It took its name, short for Arts Décoratifs, from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts) held in Paris in 1925.
MUST SEE 1 CATHEDRALS OF COMMERCE Art Deco was the successor to and reaction against Art Nouveau, a style which flourished in Europe between 1895 and 1910. In 1905 Eugène
2 DECORATION Grasset wrote and published Méthode de Composition Ornementale, Éléments Rectilignes, in which he systematically explored the decorative
3 FURNITURE (ornamental) aspects of geometric elements, forms, motifs and their variations, in contrast with (and as a departure from) the undulating Art
4 LA MAISON CUBISTE AND INTERIOR DESIGN Nouveau style of Hector Guimard, so popular in Paris a few years earlier. Grasset stressed
5 THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF MODERN DECORATIVE AND INDUSTRIAL ARTS triangles and squares are the basis of all compositional arrangements.
6 DECLINE AND REVIVAL In architecture, a proto-art deco style first appeared in Paris in 1903-1904,
7 PRESERVATION AND NEO ART DECO with the first apartment buildings made of reinforced concrete by Auguste
8 PAINTING Perret and Henri Sauvage. Concrete had previously been used only for
9 SCULPTURE industrial buildings. Perret’s apartment house on rue Benjamin Franklin.
Sarajevo JERUSALEM OF THE BALKANS
UNIVERSITY OF SARAJEVO A regional center in education, the city is also home to the Balkans’ first institution of tertiary education in the form of an Islamic polytechnic called the Saraybosna Osmanlı Medrese.
LARGEST CITY OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA The Sarajevo metropolitan area, including Sarajevo, East Sarajevo and surrounding municipalities, is home to 463,992 inhabitants. Moreover, it is also the capital of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity, and the center of the Sarajevo Canton. Nestled within the greater Sarajevo valley of Bosnia, it is surrounded by the Dinaric Alps and situated along the Miljacka River in the heart of Southeastern Europe and the Balkans. Sarajevo is the leading political, social and cultural center of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a prominent center of culture in the Balkans, with its region-wide influence in entertainment, media, fashion, and the arts. Due to its long and rich history of religious and cultural variety, Sarajevo is sometimes called the “Jerusalem of Europe” or “Jerusalem of the Balkans”. It was, until late in the 20th century, the only major European city to have a mosque, Catholic church, Orthodox church and synagogue within the same neighborhood. A regional center in education, the city is also home to the Balkans’ first institution of tertiary education in the form of an Islamic polytechnic called the Saraybosna Osmanlı Medrese, today part of the University of Sarajevo. Although settlement in the area stretches back to prehistoric times, the modern city arose as an Ottoman stronghold in the 15th century.
75% 1,699 URBAN AREA
LIVING TOGETHER In Central and Eastern Europe, during the late 1980s and early 1990s, there were major political changes, such as the fall of Communist governments. These societies entered a new era of increased social freedom, less rigid rules, and less authoritarian governments. They interacted with Western Europe and some became members of the European Union. As a result, the patterns of family life have started to change: marriage rates have declined, and marriage was postponed to a later age. Cohabitation and births to unmarried mothers increased, and in some countries the increase was very quick. The deinstitutionalization of marriage refers to the weakening of the social and legal norms that regulate peoples’ behavior in regard to marriage. The rise in cohabitation is part of other major social changes such as: higher divorce rate, older age at first marriage and childbearing, and more births outside marriage. Factors such as secularization, increased participation of women in the labor force, changing in the meaning of marriage, risk reduction, individualism, and changing views on sexuality have been cited as contributing to these social changes. There has also been a change in modern sexual ethics, with a focus on consent, rather than marital status (i.e. decriminalization of adultery and fornication; criminalization of marital rape), reflecting new concepts about the role and purpose of sexual interaction, and new conceptualizations of female sexuality and of self-determination. There have been objections against the legal and social regulation of female sexuality; with such regulations being often seen as violations of women’s rights. In addition, some individuals may feel that marriage is unnecessary or outdated, leading to couples not formalizing their relation.  For instance, in the European Values Study (EVS) of 2008, the percentage of respondents who agreed with the assertion that “Marriage is an outdated institution” was 37.5% in Luxembourg, 35.4% in France, 34.3% in Belgium, 31.2% in Spain, 30.5% in Austria, 29.2% in Germany, 27.7% in Switzerland, 27.2% in Bulgaria, 27.0% in the Netherlands, 25.0% in Slovenia.
Sarajevo’s location in a valley between mountains makes it a compact city. Narrow city streets and a lack of parking areas restrict automobile traffic but allow better pedestrian and cyclist mobility. The two main roads are Titova Ulica (Street of Marshal Tito) and the east-west Zmaj od Bosne (Dragon of Bosnia) highway (E761). Sarajevo is Bosnia’s main intersection and the most
Herzegovina and the third in region. The city is connected to all the other major cities by highway or national road like Zenica, Banja Luka, Tuzla, Mostar, Goražde and Foča. Tourists from Central Europe and elsewhere visiting Dalmatia driving via Budapest through Sarajevo also contribute to the traffic congestion in and around Sarajevo.
Sarajevo’s electric tramways, in operation since 1885, are the oldest form of public transportation in the city. Sarajevo had the first full-time (dawn to dusk) tram line in Europe, and the second in the world. Opened on New Year’s Day in 1885, it was the testing line for the tram in Vienna and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and operated by horses. Originally built to 760 mm
Runs through Sarajevo connecting it to Budapest in the north, and Ploče at the Adriatic sea in the south. The highway is built by the government and should cost 3.5 billion Euro. Up until March 2012, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina invested around 600 million Euro in the A1. In 2014 the sections Sarajevo-Zenica and Sarajevo-Tarcin were completed.
ARCIPELAGO TOSCANO La Toscana amministra anche le isole dell’Arcipelago Toscano, oltre ad una piccola exclave situata entro i confini dell’Emilia-Romagna, in cui sono situate alcune frazioni del comune di Badia.
ITALIAN TOSCANA Tuscan wine (Italian Toscana) is Italian wine from the Tuscany region. Located in central Italy along the Tyrrhenian coast, Tuscany is home to some of the world’s.
must see! FEATURES A DAY-BY-DAY ITINERARY FOR THE PERFECT WEEKEND IN FLORENCE
Lombardy, Italy’s richest region, often seems to have more in common with its northern European neighbours than with the rest of Italy.
Given its history, this is hardly surprising: it was ruled for almost two centuries by the French and Austrians and takes its name from the northern Lombards, who ousted the Romans.
As a border region, Lombardy has always been vulnerable to invasion, just as it has always profited by being a commercial crossroads. Emperors from Charlemagne to Napoleon came to Lombardy to be crowned king – and big business continues to take Lombardy’s capital, Milan, more seriously than Rome.
The region’s people, ranging from Milanese workaholics to cosseted provincial urbanites, hardly fit the popular image of Italians – and, in truth, they have little time for most of their compatriots.
This led to the rise of the Lega Nord over the last fifteen years, a political party nominally demanding independence from Rome, although working in the government there in coalition with Berlusconi, and successfully exploiting the popular sentiment that northern taxes sustain the inefficient, workshy south. 17
BUDAPEST, AN INSIDER’S GUIDE Jam-packed with thermal baths, museums, nightclubs and restaurants, visitors will find that the perpetual problem with touring Budapest is not finding things to do; it’s finding the time to do them all.
We’ve got the inside scoop on Budapest’s local secrets, so you can take to the streets and experience the city off the beaten path. Do as the locals do – there’s plenty of Budapest to see beyond the traditional tourist routes, and here are a few recommendations. Surround yourself with beautiful townhouses and fresh flowers in the Károlyi Gardens, visit WAMP, Budapest’s monthly design market, discover the palace neighborhood in District 8, join a unique Budapest tour offered by locals, or find a one-of-a-kind treasure at the Ecseri Flea Market. BUDAPEST TRAVEL GUIDE Our Budapest guide has all the information you’ll need to discover the city’s many main attractions, including the Budapest Opera, the Parliament Building, Buda Castle Hill, Andrássy Avenue and so much more. If you need more inspiration check out our themed collections: World Heritage Sites, Jewish Heritage, Budapest’s Architecture, Budapest’s Parks and Caves and Budapest’s History. Traveling with children? Don’t pull your hair out yet – Budapest also offers plenty of tourist options that are kid-friendly.
BUDAPEST INFORMATION BUDAPEST FAST FACTS We’ve kept it short and sweet, so you can get the basic facts about Budapest without settling down for a novel. Budapest Fast Facts has the lowdown on districts, time zone, electricity, country code, and opening hours. BUDAPEST AIRPORT Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport (formerly known as Budapest Ferihegy International Airport), the main airport in Hungary, is an important hub in Central Europe. We have information on the terminals, airport facilities as well as getting to and from the airport. GETTING AROUND BUDAPEST Budapest’s vast public transportation system makes it easy to get around the city. We’ve assembled information on taxis, tickets, buses, streetcars, and trolley buses, as well as information about driving in the city, so that you can experience Budapest hassle-free. BUDAPEST MAP Our interactive Budapest maps make it easy to find your way around the city. Check out hotels, find restaurants and shopping malls or plan your sightseeing tours. We also have a Budapest subway map and a map of Budapest districts. HUNGARIAN CURRENCY, COSTS AND MONEY Plan your budget for Budapest – we’ve got the lowdown on currency, ATMs, credit cards, general costs, along with advice on tipping practices in Hungary.
Jam-packed with thermal baths, museums, nightclubs and restaurants 19
EXPLORE ALL THE CLASSICS FROM BARCELONA TO ATHENS, ON NEW 2019 EUROPE ITINERARIES NOW READY TO BOOK. TAKE THE WEEK TO TRAVEL FROM ROME ON THE NEWLY REIMAGINED JEWEL OF THE SEAS. GET OFF THE BEATEN PATH TO THE REMOTE CANARY ISLANDS OR DISCOVER FISHING VILLAGES TUCKED AWAY IN THE ICONIC NORWEGIAN FJORDS. 20
“I’m bored” is one thing you’ll never hear your kids say on a Royal Caribbean cruise vacation. Our Adventure Ocean Youth Programs (for kids ages 3-17) are packed with fun and “edutaining” activities just for them. “I’m bored” is one thing you’ll never hear your kids say on a Royal Caribbean cruise vacation. Our Adventure Ocean Youth Programs (for kids ages 3-17) are packed with fun and “edutaining” activities just for them. “I’m bored” is one thing you’ll never hear your kids say on a Royal Caribbean cruise vacation. Our Adventure Ocean Youth Programs (for kids ages 3-17) are packed with fun and “edutaining” activities just for them.
Royal Caribbean International has teamed up with Universal Orlando Resort for an exclusive vacation package you wonâ€™t find from any other cruise line. Enjoy your next adventure on the worldâ€™s most innovative ships, including Freedom of the Seas and Enchantment of the Seas, experience the excitement of two amazing theme parks, spectacular on-site hotels, unique dining and entertainment, plus much more at Universal Orlando Resort. Taking a Celebrity holiday cruise is an incredible experience getting a holiday cruise offer at the perfect price is even better! Celebrate Thanksgiving, Christmas...
Since the beginning of time, the sea has romanced explorers, poets and lovers, alike. Now it can be the awe-inspiring setting for your perfect wedding. On the beach, in a charming port or out at sea, start a new chapter of your love story with an unforgettable Royal Caribbean wedding ceremony. Since the beginning of time, the sea has romanced explorers, poets and lovers, alike. Now it can be the awe-inspiring setting for your perfect wedding. On the beach, in a charming port or out at sea, start a new chapter of your love story with an unforgettable Royal Caribbean wedding ceremony.
WINTER SALAMI Winter salami (in Hungarian: TĂŠliszalĂĄmi) is a type of Hungarian salami produced according to a centuries-old tradition. Made from Mangalitsa pork and spices (white pepper, allspice, and others).
SIMPLY DELICIOUS FOOD For the manufacture of the salami, pig half carcases obtained by pig slaughtering are used. They are properly processed, with the removal of skin, fat, head and feet.
For winter salami production pigs of appropriate quality are essentially required. As a result of the primary processing and special boning and cutting of such pigs, good quality pork meat and fat can be obtained, especially prepared for this purpose. The excellence and special features of this salami require that such pigs as live animals comply with a strict set of requirements of an established system. For winter salami manufactured within the territory under the administration of Szeged (original Hungarian salami) pork meat and fat obtained from pigs fattened under Hungarian climatic conditions (preferably in the southern counties in the vicinity of Szeged) the application of appropriate slaughter technology and special boning of half carcases is required.
For the production of Szeged winter salami, only the pork meat originating from large-weight pigs bred according to hundred-year-old traditions is used. [Large weight (LW) and traditionally bred (TB) pigs hereinafter: â€˜salami pigsâ€™.] Great care is taken in purchasing ingredients of suitable quality. Contracts with breeders, the setting of quality parameters for TB/LW pigs as well as a premium price guarantee that the pigs available for slaughter are of the required quality and quantity. Pigs whose meat is used as raw material must be elder than 12 months and weighing more than 150, preferably 180 kg. Compared to other pork meat, the meat obtained from TB pigs is drier and contains more pigments, therefore it is a raw material of optimum quality for the traditional production of Szeged winter salami. For winter salami production pigs of appropriate quality are essentially required. As a result of the primary processing and special boning and cutting of such pigs, good quality pork meat and fat can be obtained, especially prepared for this purpose. The excellence and special features of this salami require that such pigs as live animals comply with a strict set of requirements of an established system. For winter salami manufactured within the territory under the administration of Szeged (original Hungarian salami) pork meat and fat obtained from pigs fattened under Hungarian climatic conditions.
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