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OCTOBER 9, 2019

Impeachment inquiry launched Formal inquiry follows allegations that Trump misused the power of his office

UIndy ranked a national university By Megan Copeland STAFF WRITER


House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Democrat of California, announces a formal impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump on September 24, 2019 in Washington, D.C.

By Noah Crenshaw NEWS EDITOR

On Sept. 24, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D) announced during a press conference that the U.S. House of Representatives would be launching a formal impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump. The inquiry had been launched as a result of concerns about Trump’s alleged attempts to pressure Ukraine into investigating his potential 2020 political opponent, Democratic presidential candidate and former Vice President Joe Biden. “Today, I am announcing the House of Representatives is moving forward with an official impeachment inquiry,” Pelosi said during the press conference. “The President must be held accountable. No one is above the law.” What is an impeachment inquiry? An impeachment inquiry is the first step in the process of impeachment, according to The Washington Post. In this case, the House will be investigating whether or not Trump did something that would warrant impeachment, such as committing treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors, according to University of Indianapolis Assistant Professor of Political Science and PreLaw Advisor David Root. “In this case, you would have using,

abusing the power of the office [of the president] for personal political gain,” Root said. The offenses that the president could be impeached for are treason, bribery and “other high crimes and misdemeanors,” according to the Constitution. It is not specified what “other high crimes and misdemeanors” there are. Ultimately, it comes down to what the House and Senate decide they would be, Root said. Who is investigating? The House had already been investigating Trump through six of its committees, Pelosi said. She said that she directed those six committees to continue with their investigations “under the umbrella of an impeachment inquiry.” Assistant Professor of Political Science Laura Merrifeld Wilson said that those committees are now looking at the evidence that they have acquired and are now subpoenaing officials to give depositions. “Most of these [depositions] are behind closed doors, [as they are] private depositions,”Wilson said.“But [they will help] to understand whether or not the president used political coercion in the Oval Office and if he did something that basically oversteps his executive privilege as president.” What happened? The inquiry was the result of several revelations regarding a whistleblower

go into. For example, Lee expressed her grievances on having to change her title “Lucia Ever After,”named after the main character to “Everything Is Beautiful” for her manager to be able to bring her work to publishers. However, Lee also said it was one of the more enjoyable parts because she got to go back into the story and add allusions to beauty. “I’ve been to awful Q&As that are so stiff and uncomfortable, just a weird dynamic, but I felt like that one went

The University of Indianapolis has recently moved from a regionally recognized university to a nationally ranked university by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. The Carnegie Classification is a way to group institutions based on various factors including the type of institution they are and the kinds of degrees offered and awarded. UIndy Associate Provost for Administration and Deputy to the Provost Mary Beth Baggs said. Prior to this academic year, UIndy was considered a Master’s Large institution, according to Baggs. Universities in this category, also known as the M1 category on the Carnegie Classifications website, award at least 50 master’s degrees, and less than 20 doctoral degrees. The M1 category is a regional category and includes schools such as Butler University and the University of Saint Francis, according to the Carnegie Classifications website. UIndy now has been classified as a Doctoral/Professional University. The category is the third and newest category and was created as the result of an update to the classification system in 2018, according to Carnegie Classifications website. According to Baggs, there are three types of doctoral classifications under Carnegie. First, is the R1 category, which awards doctoral degrees to universities that not only have an extensive amount of research happening, but also confer degrees known as PhD’s. R1’s include schools such as Harvard University. Second, there are the R2’s, which conduct similar amounts of research as R1’s, but on a smaller scale. One of the criteria that had to be met for the doctoral classification was the number of degrees and types of doctorates that were conferred within a year. There had to be at least two of those types of doctorate degrees, and more than 30 of the doctorate degrees had to be conferred within a year, according to Baggs. “In terms of where you fall in the Carnegie Classification, it’s really about the types of degrees,” Baggs said. “It also, in the doctoral institutions, has to do with the level of sponsored research that happens.” Doctoral universities are classified as universities who awarded at least 20 research or scholarship doctoral degrees during the 2017-18 year. Universities who awarded less than 20 research or scholarship doctoral degrees, but awarded at least 30 professional practice doctorates for at least two programs also are considered a doctoral university, according to carnegieclassifications. Currently, UIndy offers five doctoral degrees: a Doctorate of Health Science, a Doctorate of Nursing Practice, a Doctorate of Occupational Therapy, a Doctorate of Physical Therapy and a Doctorate of Psychology. Last year, 132 doctorate degrees were awarded, according to Baggs. University President Robert Manuel said that he has witnessed the university grow significantly during his eight years as president. That growth has been demonstrated in academics, relationships with students and faculty and providing students with more opportunities to continue their education in graduate and doctoral programs. “The research and the work we do in the creation of intellectual property area has grown tremendously,” Manuel said. “The engagement between faculty and students has produced students that are going off to all kinds of areas has grown, both in their depth and their breadth over time.” Only 10 percent of the 4,324 universities who are ranked within the Carnegie Classification are considered doctoral universities. UIndy is one of eight Indiana universities on the elite national list, according to a UIndy press release. UIndy also ranked nationally for the first time in the social mobility category, according to the press release. The social mobility category recognizes

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Chris Kleponis/Pool/Abaca Press/TNS

President Donald Trump speaks to the media after the Ceremonial Swearing-In of Gene Scalia as the Secretary of Labor at the White House, Sept. 30, 2019 in Washington, D.C.

complaint that revealed that Trump had asked Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to investigate a potential 2020 election opponent, Democratic presidential candidate and former Vice President Joe Biden and his son, according to the Associated Press. The timeline of events leading up the inquiry are as follows, as compiled from reports from Politifact, the AP and The Washington Post as of The Reflector press time: • July 2019: Trump ordered roughly $400 million in U.S. aid to Ukraine frozen before he had called Zelenskiy, according to Politifact. • July 25, 2019: Trump and Zelenskiy had a phone call in which Trump asked for Zelenskiy’s help with investigating Biden and his son, Hunter, according to Politifact. • Aug. 12: An unnamed intelligence official files a whistleblower complaint to the inspector general of the intelligence community, according to Politifact. The complaint said that the whistleblower had received information from multiple U.S. officials that Trump was using the power of his office to ask another country to meddle in the 2020 election, according to the AP. Michael Atkinson, the intelligence community inspector general determined that the complaint was credible and urgent. • Aug. 26: Atkinson informs Joseph

Maguire, the acting director of national intelligence, that his office had received a complaint that had been addressed to Congress. The complaint expressed an “urgent concern” about the July 25 call between Trump and Zelenskiy, according to the AP. Atkinson said that he believed the conversation could possibly constitute a federal campaign finance crime. • Sept. 9: Atkinson informs Congress that the complaint exists, according to the AP. He said that Maguire had refused to deliver it to the congressional intelligence committees as required by law. Atkinson also said that Maguire had not agreed with his conclusions and that he was handling the complaint differently compared to previous cases. • Sept. 11: The roughly $400 million of U.S aid to Ukraine was released, according to Politifact. A vote in a Senate committee was scheduled before this in order to force the release of the aid, however, the Trump administration went ahead and unfroze it before the vote, according to the AP. • Sept. 19: In a closed-door hearing with members of the House Intelligence Committee, Atkison testified about the complaint, however, he did not reveal substantive details about it, according to the AP. > See Impeachment on page 3

Author visits campus for reading Etchings Press is student-run publisher at UIndy and they give out OPINION EDITOR the prize annually for a book and poetry piece that fits that year’s theme. When Bringing authors to campus so that Lee’s book won, the theme was disability. the community can see, hear, have a Sartoris said she was on the committee copy of their book signed and possibly to decide a winner. She ended up reading talk to a published author is what the 30 to 35 pieces, and she said that Lee’s University of Indianapolis’ Kellogg was one of her favorites. Writers Series strives to do each semester. “I really enjoyed the way the characters With the help of student assistants, were developed, particularly the fact that Associate Professor of English Barney she spent so much time in her novel and Haney puts on the events for all to hear manages to create these characters that for free. develop with the plot so you end up with KWS tries to grab authors who are not a very robust, I mean it’s a big book,” only on their way up in the publishing Sartoris said. “You have these characters world, but also diverse, Haney said. that are consistent throughout and you On Sept. 25, get to see them Mira T. Lee, grow.” who wrote Haney said a book on “...we want a vast diversity that S ar toris disabilities campaigned of voices coming in here and mental at the end of health called last semester to for this series.” “Everything have Lee come Here Is to the university. Beautiful” Sartoris did this came to UIndy for numerous events as part of the Kellogg Writers Series throughout the day. course for her final project in the semester, “[The] Kellogg Writers Series hadn’t according to Haney. He said with the had an Asian-American writer for a diversity he wanted for the series, Lee long time, we only have three [or] four hit all the goals that students should be writers that come to campus,”Haney said. able to experience through the series: “...We have a pledge to have diversity hearing diverse voices and experiencing amongst writers… whether that be diverse authors. [ethnicity], sexual preference, we want “I think a lot of what students have a vast diversity of voices coming in here been taught in the classroom has been for this series.” white writers, particularly, like old and In 2018, Lee’s book was submitted male white writers, that’s what gets for Etchings Press’s Whirling Prize, taught often in grade school and high according to senior professional writing school,”Haney said.“Going to American and creative writing double major Shauna Literature, the canon is what people often Sartoris. teach and the canon is whatever the old

By Madison Gomez

Photo by Emily Del Campo

Author Mira T. Lee visited the University of Indianapolis on Sept. 25 as part of the Kellogg Writers Series. Her book "Everything Here Is Beautiful" won the Whirling Prize in 2018.

white writers [write]. And we want to be somebody [who is] a counter to that, to [show] that there’s different voices out here. We want voices that reflect our student body as well.” Sartoris, who had read “Everything Here Is Beautiful,” as well as Lee’s short story called “How I Came to Love You As A Brother” went to the Question & Answer session for Lee. Compared to previous authors who have been brought in for KWS, Sartoris said Lee showed her new perspectives on the publishing industry, which she hopes to




OCTOBER 9, 2019

Weighing in on player wages Recently, legislation in California was passed that allows NCAA athletes to be paid. Two reporters discuss the implications of payment for all athletes if the same laws were passed elsewhere.


Student-athletes at the Division I and Division II level deserve the right to be able to use their own image to their advantage. The way it currently stands is that all student-athletes at the D1 and D2 level must obtain an “amateurism certificate” from the National Collegiate Athletic Association before they are able to compete, according to the NCAA’s website. This agreement requires studentathletes to give up any opportunity at benefiting monetarily from their own image while enrolled and participating in athletics at a university. According to the same amateurism page on NCAA. org, if an athlete receives payment of any kind for their sport, whether it be directly from the school, winning a competition, or even being paid for their autograph, the NCAA can revoke that players eligibility. There is an exception to this rule for tennis players who can accept up to $10,000 a year in prize money if they compete in professional competitions. Professional athletics is one of the most profitable businesses out there, and collegiate athletics is no different with the NCAA reporting one billion dollars in revenue in the 2016-2017 academic year, according to Sports Illustrated. However, they are a non-profit organization so all of the revenue they bring in is given back into programs and other operations of the NCAA. The only difference is that instead of the players being paid for their talent and dedication to their craft, they are told that they must play for the love of the game. Many athletes dream from a young age of being the next LeBron James, Mike Trout or Aaron Rodgers, and almost none of them will ever reach that level. According to the NCAA, where there

are 300,000 student-athletes at the D1 and D2 levels combined and yet only two percent of those athletes will ever reach the level where they can be paid for their craft. However, that craft is exactly what brings in one billion dollars in revenue for the NCAA, according to Sports Illustrated’s article “NCAA Reports $1.1 Billion In Revenues.” Of that one billion dollars in revenue, more than 10 million is given back to athletes in the form of scholarships, according to The schools pay the players in the form of scholarships to play, but that only covers tuition, meal plans and books. That does not cover the cost of life. If a non-student-athlete needs money he or she can go get a job, but for many student-athletes, that is simply not possible with their busy schedules. Between practices, weightlifting, games, studying, going to classes and the many other responsibilities of a student-athlete, they simply do not have the time to work. That is why student-athletes should be able to use their image to their own advantage. If a college athlete wants to sign a Nike shoe deal, they should be able to. If they want to allow Puma to sell shirts with their name on it and give them some of the profits, they should be able to. The NCAA should not be able to control what student-athletes can and cannot do with their own image. Brand deals can bring some negatives, but those negatives are something that the student can avoid. If a student believes they cannot handle the stress of being sponsored, they can simply refuse the money. The NCAA rules should not limit the athlete’s choice. These ideas are already being implemented in California with their Fair Play to Pay Act. Starting in 2023, athletes will be able to be paid for the use of their name, likeness and image, according to a Sports Illustrated article “Richard Sherman on Fair to Play Act: ‘I Hope it Destroys the NCAA’.” According to a study done by CBS Sports where they interviewed more than 100 college coaches, 77 percent of the coaches agreed that students should be able to use their own images. In this system, players would have the freedom

to accept or decline any endorsement or business opportunity that uses their image. This system would not negatively affect schools unless they decide to not do it. I think that this system only brings benefits because it can increase the quality of life for student-athletes. Student-athletes should be able to use their own image to their advantage. The NCAA won’t see major changes, the colleges won’t see major changes and the athletes will benefit.

By Taylor Strnad

BUSINESS MANAGER As a student-athlete at the University of Indianapolis, I spend multiple hours a week dedicated to my sport, and I do not think that student-athletes should be paid. At the Division I and Division II levels, student-athletes can earn scholarships that pay for their tuition, housing, meals and books. Having part or all of tuition paid for each year makes a big impact on costs for a student. College is expensive, and UIndy is almost $30,000 in tuition alone. Having part or all of that paid for is a tremendous burden off of a studentathlete’s shoulders. Plus scholarships are tax free. If athletes were given a salary, they would have to pay taxes on it. Recently, the state of California passed the Fair Pay to Play Act. This act allows college athletes to be compensated for the commercial use of their name, according to According to the NCAA Rules and Regulation Handbook, student-athletes may not be involved in any form of commercial endorsements. This, too, would create issues, because it comes with an immense amount of stress. Many athletes who are endorsed or have sponsorships are professionals. They are out of school and do not have the stress of college weighing on them. If student-athletes were allowed to accept these kinds of deals, that would only add more stress to our already stressful lives. After signing a brand endorsement,

the athlete becomes the face of the brand and must maintain a positive image. Many athletes get themselves into trouble with their brands because they do not uphold that image. According to Yahoo Finance, many professional athletes have lost their endorsement deals. Most recently, former wide receiver Antonio Brown lost his Nike sponsorship after a sexual assault lawsuit was filed against him, according to The New York Times’ article, “Nike Drops Antonio Brown Amid Sexual Assault Lawsuit.” My point is that if a professional athlete is irresponsible enough to lose his or her endorsement or sponsorship deal, imagine what a student in college would do. Student-athletes, including me, are playing sports to get an education and help pay for that education. We also love what we do. At least that’s why I am here. As part of the track and field team, I love high jumping and being on the team, but I am here for an education in preparation for what I’ll be doing after graduation, which will not be playing for a professional sports team. Granted, not every athlete has all tuition, room and board and books covered- or even covered partially- and I understand that. Not every studentathlete is on scholarship. That would not be realistic. Each team and head coach has a yearly budget for scholarships, travel expenses, gear or whatever else the team might need. With 100 athletes, the track and field team has more people in its lineup than any other team at UIndy. A program’s budget simply would not allow every person to be on scholarship. Smaller programs do not have the budget to pay all student athletes. In fact, schools in Division III of the NCAA cannot even be awarded athletic scholarships, according to the NCAA’s website. However they athletes can receive academic scholarships. If student-athletes were paid, deciding pay levels and who would pay them also would cause issues. Issues related to pay amounts would arise immediately. I think deciding salaries would be one of

the largest obstacles if student athletes were paid. Differentiating pay levels among teams and players could be a serious struggle and genuinely make a lot of people angry. Surely, not everyone would get paid the same amount. The star quarterback and someone on the soccer reserve team would not make the same amount. While paying everyone equally would be great, realistically that would not be the case, which would bring jealousy and envy and other unwanted problems. As I said before, the main reason a student-athlete is in college should be to get an education. Handing checks to student-athletes may make them feel less obligated to go to class because they are getting paid to play their sport. Personally, if I were receiving a check every week to run and jump over a bar, I might think a lot less about classes. I understand that being a broke college student and an athlete is tough, but having a passion for a sport makes that worthwhile. Enjoying whatever one is doing makes life more enjoyable. I would not be high jumping if I weren’t having any fun. If student-athletes were paid, I would be curious as to the rules and regulations that would have to be put in place in regards to NCAA division and smallprograms. I think there would have to be many regulations implemented. For example, who would handle the money, how and when would checks be distributed, and how much money would student-athletes be allowed to make? With such rules and regulations would come a hefty amount of paperwork that no one wants to fill out. Would the NCAA regulate pay for the athletes or would that be up to each university? Certainly collegiate athletics is a business, but paying studentathletes would exacerbate that and be harmful to student-athletes. Too many entanglements would arise if studentathletes were paid. While I would love to get paid for playing a sport, paying student-athletes is not as simple as just handing over a check. Many issues arise, and there are a lot more drawbacks than benefits.

Conspiracies work for no one

Theories about secret organizations controlling certain phenomenons hurt victims of tragedies By Noah Fields STAFF WRITER

From hearsay stories of paranormal activity regarding the Hannah House on Madison Ave. to the U.S. Navyconfirmed footage of “unidentified aerial phenomena,”according to CNN, it seems the development of conspiracy theories is inevitable. With that being said, it is my understanding that taking conspiracy theories too seriously is detrimental to our advancement as a society. It is worth noting that there is a difference between something like an urban legend and a conspiracy theory. Urban legend is defined in the dictionary as “a modern story of obscure origin and with little or no supporting evidence that spreads spontaneously in varying forms and often has elements of humor, moralizing or horror.” Terms like urban legend are often lumped together with conspiracy theory. However, according to the dictionary, a conspiracy theory is “a theory that rejects the standard explanation for an event and instead credits a covert group or organization with carrying out a secret plot.” For reference, aliens are an urban legend, but believing that one’s government is hiding knowledge of alien life is a conspiracy theory.This distinction is essential in deciding whether an unsupported belief is harmless or harmful, and to what extent. Urban legends, generally speaking, are not harmful to any person or entity. Take for example the beliefs and sentiments surrounding the Hannah House here in Indianapolis. The house is a historic site recognized by the National Register of Historic Places which many people believe to be haunted. According to the house’s official website, the house was a stop on the Underground Railroad in which a group of runaway slaves died in a cellar fire. From that incident forward, the

house became prevalent for paranormal activity, the website goes on to claim. In actuality, according to an article from The Southside Times, no primary documentation exists connecting the house to the Underground Railroad, and the house’s “haunted” nature is mere speculation and hearsay. This is the essence of urban legends. With enough time, enough people will hear various tales about a certain subject and come to a generalized conclusion. Even if back stories and personal accounts are inconsistent with each other, or contradict documented sources, belief will remain strong among a given population. Whether or not the Hannah House is actually haunted, no person or group is being harmed by its existence and current marketing. The house is a testament to the harmless nature of urban legends. However, I cannot say the same for conspiracy theories. Conspiracy theories are inherently unscientific and irrational. Any middle school science class will teach that viable theories require a hypothesis, evidence gathered through repeatable experiments and a conclusion: the scientific method. Conversely, as YouTube personality Quinton Kyle Hoover points out in his video "Paul Is Dead | A Beatle Conspiracy," conspiracy theories begin with a pre-formed conclusion supported by any supposed evidence until proven otherwise. Conspiracy theories have no logical backing to support them by design. That said, this is not the only reason I find conspiracy theories to be problematic. Even if a theory is seemingly benign, it can still involve harmful accusations towards a person or group. For example, according to, YouTube personality Shane Dawson sparked controversy earlier this year for a segment in one of his conspiracy videos in which he discussed the possibility of Chuck E. Cheese’s restaurants serving half-eaten

pizza to their customers. Even though Dawson included a legal disclaimer to point out that the idea was only hypothetical, the segment still received backlash, as well as several sources, such as, debunking the theory. To me, the fact that an online influencer was able to promote such a brazenly false piece of information about a business, alleged or not, and still walk away from the situation with over 1.7 million likes and 36.4 billion views on the video in question is highly concerning. However, I feel that Dawson’s conspiracy theory videos are admittedly tame examples of misinformation when compared to something like Alex Jones’ claims about Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to Politifact, InfoWars host Alex Jones infamously stated that the Sandy Hook Elementary shooting was a hoax. In spite of the ongoing lawsuits he has received, such as those discussed in an article from The Associated Press, Jones’ words still ring true for many people in spite of their objective falsehood. These accusations of hoaxes surrounding tragedies can emotionally scar and invalidate victims. Furthermore, these theories have the potential to morph public opinion with false information. For instance, hoax theories can sway voters from learning about problems. I believe the voting public should be adequately informed before they cast their ballots, and if conspiracy theories get in the way of that, then perhaps it is time that we as people stop brushing them aside as harmless. Before we impulsively latch on to theories for their appealing nature, we need to step back and evaluate the information given to us. We must actively seek out reliable sources and reject conspiracy theories for anything beyond entertaining thoughts. Otherwise, we will be doomed to endure the consequences of our own pride.

Graphic by Noah Fields




Finance institute opened By Anthony Vlahovic STAFF WRITER

The year John C. Adams graduated from the University of Indianapolis, he took out an insurance policy with the intention of giving it back to the university later on, Adams said. On Sept. 27, Adams honored his intentions with the launch of the John C. Adams Finance Institute. The main goal was to enhance the student experience, according to Dean of the School of Business and Professor of Finance Larry Belcher. The origins of the finance institute date back to 2018, when the SOB’s Martin Family Finance Lab was dedicated, according to Belcher. At a dinner the night before the dedication, Belcher said that he brought up the idea of the finance institute with Adams and said that Adams was excited about it. When everything eventually came together, Adams said he told Belcher

he wanted to help out with the institute. Associate Vice President of Development and University Advancement Stephanie Hays-Mussoni said that she played a role behind the scenes and that Chris Molloy, vice president of university advancement, took the lead in getting this institute off the ground. She said that Molloy helped support Belcher and Adams with everything they needed for the launch of the institute. Adams said that he graduated from UIndy in 1973 with a degree in physics. He said that without an education from UIndy, his life would be different. “UIndy gave me an opportunity... to live one kind of life versus a kind of life that I would not have been able to live if I hadn’t had the opportunity at UIndy,” Adams said. “That was a major point in my life.” He said that while it was not his original intent, the feeling of having his name attached to a large part of the SOB was surreal.

Adams said that while he was a physics and math major during his time at UIndy, he made his career in business and finance. He said he tried to reinforce those areas during the discussions about the institute, and specifically what UIndy could do to try to receive more students who are interested in finance. “Particularly [at] a school like this, which has a service don't always get finance and service in the same sentence,” Adams said. “But... if you do it right they can be.” The finance institute was designed to help finance students begin field research, along with providing the support for them to compete in local and regional competitions, Belcher said. One of the biggest missions for the institute is to better prepare students for a career, Belcher said. The institute will be led by Belcher, who has had past experience in opening and running finance institutes at other schools. “This is something that I was involved

in professionally for many years, and so this is an area in which I think I can give back to the institution,” Belcher said. The decision to create the finance institute was driven mainly by the idea of enhancing student experiences, Belcher said. “We want them to have the opportunity to do research and to do competitions to go out and test themselves against students from other institutions because that’s a great equalizer,” Belcher said. With his experience, Belcher said that he understands what finance firms are looking for when it comes to hiring. He has published multiple articles in large research journals such as the “Journal of Behavioral Finance,” according to the SOB’s faculty webpage. Adams said that the sooner students can leave UIndy ready to compete in the world, the better off the students will be. “It took me a while after I got out of UIndy to feel like I can compete with anybody out there,” Adams said.

New endowed professorship Sondhaus named as the first recipient during a dedication ceremony on Sept. 14 and when I retire whenever I teach it, as I'm reconnected more with Germany.” STAFF WRITER The endowed professorship requires Sondhaus to complete one major University of Indianapolis Professor project every three years. Currently, he of History and Graduate Program of is researching the lives of two World History Director Lawrence Sondhaus War I German submarine commanders, has been named the first recipient of the Karl Dönitz and Martin Niemöller, who Gerald and Marjorie Morgan Endowed went on to play major roles on opposing Professorship of European History for sides of World War II in Nazi Germany. his excellence in teaching and academic The two kept in touch throughout their achievement. lives, and both lived long enough to According to History and Political be the last two surviving members of Science Department Chair and Professor their German Naval Academy Class at of History Ted Frantz, a dedication their 70th reunion in 1980. Though the ceremony took place on Sept. 14, where two men shared many experiences and department alumni and professors similarities, they followed very different gathered with UIndy administrators to life paths with different consequences. celebrate Sondhaus’achievement. Frantz Sondhaus said that this was a perfect said that the professorship is expected example of the way he teaches history. to benefit professors and students “...One thing that we emphasize with of European our histor y Histor y for courses is years to come. that history is “This [the professorship] Sondhaus about people said the m a k i n g is the kind of thing that endowment choices within institutions want to have.” the context of will provide funding that the times in will benefit both which they his classroom and his scholarly work.The live,” Sondhaus said. “In historical terms, funds will allow him to travel to Germany we refer to that as contingency.” more often to pursue archival research According to Sondhaus, alumnus and bring new information to his class Gerald Morgan was a history student about modern Germany. who received his bachelor's degree in “Your research should inform your 1973 and his master’s degree in 1983, teaching, and in cases like this, if I which was later in his life at a time when weren't doing the research, you fall into universities rarely accepted adult learners. the trap of just teaching something the He and his wife, Marjorie, developed a same old way every time it comes back deep love of UIndy and European travel, around again,” Sondhaus said. “And the according to Sondhaus. research in this causing me to Frantz said that Morgan stayed in think differently about the way I dealt touch with the Alumni Engagement with a lot of the topics in the Third Reich Center and the Office of Institutional class. So that will change and I'm sure Advancement,despite no longer knowing that will continue to evolve between now anyone in the Department of History.

By Ally Nickerson

Contributed Photo by University Photographer D. Todd Moore

Lawrence Sondhaus received the Gerald and Marjorie Morgan Endowed Professorship of European History as a result of his excellence in teaching and academic achievement.

Frantz said the Morgans were frugal people who quietly saved money throughout their lives. “Usually, when we think about philanthropy, we think about people who have so much money and are so prominent that they're able to donate a generous amount,” Frantz said. “But these were people who scrimped and saved and did accumulate a lot of money, .... They both were postmasters and they lived in Beech Grove. So nothing on the outside would let you know that these were people who had the kind of capacity

to give at that level.” According to Frantz, this endowment is a symbol of the seriousness of scholarship that is pursued at UIndy, while still being a teaching-focused institution. “For the university in general, and our department in particular, it's a dream come true,” Frantz said. “This is the kind of thing that institutions want to have. It's really about pursuing academic excellence. I can't think of anybody better who embodies all those qualities than Dr. Sondhaus.”

complaint and the transcript are easier for students to read and understand. “For a student, if they have some interest in politics at all, it's five, six pages to read the transcript from the president's office,” Wilson said, “It's only seven pages to read through the whistleblower statement. And so they can actually read through the materials on their own and make a decision as to whether they think the president should be impeached, whether there should be an impeachment inquiry or whether the president is ultimately innocent" Wilson said that both the president and Congress report to the American people and that they should ultimately be held responsible to the people. By doing this, Wilson said, the American people are able to make sure that they are not violating the Constitution and that they are following the people's wishes. What's next? On Oct. 4, the House’s Oversight and Reform Committee issued a subpoena for documents related to Trump’s conversation with Zelenskiy, according to the AP.Wilson said that there is currently a conflict between the executive and judicial branches for these documents. “The House will say they have the right to look at these documents and that’s part of the subpoena,” Wilson said. “The White House needs to release them to Congress and to the House of Representatives, specifically. The White House can say if they include national security, or other things in terms of executive privilege, and national security would be the big one, that they, in fact,

have to clean the documents. They can redact things before they pass them over.” Root said that when Trump was under investigation by Muller, he was transparent with Muller and his investigators by allowing them to investigate and turning over thousands of documents to them. However, in the case of the July 25 phone call, the White House had been trying to hide the call before they eventually released it. “There seems to be possibly more trouble here for Trump than he has faced in previous allegations,” Root said. “...It's just like you get this feeling like this one feels like it could be a little bit more serious than previous ones [allegations].” Root said that another possibility is that Trump is trying to set up the Democrats by making them impeach him. Although Root does not know where the original whistleblower complaint would fall into that situation, he said that there has been some talk about Trump doing this. Wilson said if Trump is impeached, it does not mean that he will be removed from office. The next step of the impeachment process is to go to the Senate, which is the branch that has the power to remove a president. “While it's very possible the president could be impeached by the House, it's controlled by's really hard to imagine that he'd be removed because the Senate is controlled by Republicans,” Wilson said. “We're 13 months away from an election, so all of this hangs in the balance of a really critical, and...big election year too.”

Impeachment from page 1 • Sept. 23: Trump suggested that the aid to Ukraine might have been withheld due to alleged “corruption” issues, according to The Washington Post. • Sept. 24: Pelosi announced that the House will be starting an official impeachment inquiry into Trump during a press conference. • Sept. 25: A rough transcript of the July 25 call is released by the White House. The document, according to the AP, confirmed that Trump had pushed Zelenskiy to work with his personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani, and Attorney General William Barr to investigate Biden and his son, Hunter. The Department of Justice also released a statement that said that its prosecutors had reviewed the inspector general’s concern about a campaign finance law violation and determined that one had not been committed. Congress receives the original whistleblower compliant. • Sept. 26: The original complaint is publicly released, according to Politifact. Maguire testified before Congress and said that the whistleblower was doing the right thing by reporting concerns about the July 25 call, according to the AP. • Sept. 30: Democrats subpoena Giuliani, asking him to turn over documents that are connected to Trump’s actions during the July 25 call, according to Politifact. • Oct. 3: Trump publicly asked China to investigate the Bidens, according to Politifact.Text messages between top U.S. diplomats and an advisor to Zelenskiy were also released, according to the AP. The messages showed that the diplomats

had been trying to encourage Zelenskiy to investigate the Bidens in exchange for a high-profile visit from Trump to Ukraine. • Oct. 4: The White House is subpoenaed by a House committee to turn over documents related to Trump’s actions with Ukraine, according to the AP. The subpoena includes documents from Vice President Mike Pence in relation to the July 25 call and a call from April in which Pence spoke with Zelenskiy. • Oct. 6: The AP reports that a second whistleblower has spoken with the intelligence community inspector general and that the second whistleblower has information that supports the original complaint . However, a second complaint had not been filed as of The Reflector press time. Why should students pay attention? Wilson said that students should pay attention because it is a historic moment. There have only been four times in the 243-year history of the United States where a president has undergone an impeachment inquiry, including Trump, and of those, only two have led to an actual impeachment–former presidents Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton. Former President Richard Nixon’s would have, but he had resigned from office beforehand. According to Time, a president has never been formally removed from office through the process of impeachment. Wilson said that unlike the past issues with the Trump administration, such as the Muller report, the whistleblower

OCTOBER 9, 2019

ICI, UIndy CELL receives grant from Indiana By Hallie Gallinat STAFF WRITER

The Independent Colleges of Indiana and the University of Indianapolis’ Center of Excellence in Leadership of Learning were awarded $2.4 million by the Indiana Commission for Higher Education for Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics teacher training. The money was awarded as a part of STEM Teach Indiana’s fourth adaption of the program. “This program aids high school teachers needing graduate-level courses in STEM discipline areas to meet the Higher Learning Commission requirement for teaching dual-credit courses by 2022,” a UIndy press release said. According to ICI Vice President for Strategic Collaborations Laura Bridges, the grant will help teachers obtain the credentials that they need to be accredited as dual-credit teachers by the state of Indiana and by the Higher Learning Commission. The credentialing courses are available online, in person or as a hybrid of the two, according to Bridges. These courses are at no cost to teachers because the tuition and materials are paid for by the grant. The money will also help K-12 teachers pay for STEM workshops and give out scholarships to attend statewide conferences, according to CELL Director of Strategic Initiatives Trish Wlodarczyk. “There are a lot of math conferences. There are other computer science conferences.... It’s a very small amount of the grant,” Wlodarczyk said. “But we will award some scholarships to teachers to attend those conferences for free.” Between the spring semester of 2020 and the summer semester of 2021, at least six semesters of courses will be offered to teachers who need dual-credit accreditation. Of the organizations that received money for this grant cycle, STEM Teach received the largest amount, according to a UIndy press release. “We think that [the money] indicates that...the Commission for Higher Education feels really good about the work we’ve been able to do and that they continue to fund the program because it’s been very productive,” Bridges said. While this does not impact students, aside from possibly seeing the courses taking place around UIndy, faculty will have the opportunity to participate in these courses. This can help extend their course offerings or help local teachers get credentials, Bridges said. These courses aim to increase both the amount and quality of teachers in STEM fields, according to STEM Teach’s website. “We know that employers are really looking for college graduates and prior to that, high school graduates who have up to date and in depth knowledge of the STEM fields and we have a shortage in that area right now,” Bridges said. “So we need to build the pipeline by starting to increase STEM that students come to college prepared to take on these rigorous STEM classes.” The Shaheen College of Arts and Sciences and the School of Education and are working on proposals for courses and workshops for the program, according to Wlodarczyk. “The hope is that by providing more current and relevant training to teachers that are already in the classroom and don’t have time to go back or the money to go back and pay for classes, that they can utilize these classes and then bring that expertise to all students in Indiana,” Wlodarczyk said. “That’s the ultimate hope, that we are increasing the quality of STEM instruction in Indiana.”

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OCTOBER 9, 2019

Hurricane Lorenzo makes history

Jurors speak out about Guyger trial By Loyd Brumfield


National Hurricane Center/TNS

The once-strong Category 5 storm Hurricane Lorenzo developed quickly in the eastern Atlantic Ocean with maximum sustained wind speeds of 160 mph, making it the strongest hurricane to develop in the eastern Atlantic, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

By Joe Mario Pedersen ORLANDO SENTINEL

ORLANDO, Fla. (TCA) — The 2019 hurricane season has been a year of tropical milestones. First in August, meteorologists saw the slow development of Hurricane Dorian: It is the strongest hurricane of the year so far, and also took the title of one of the strongest hurricanes ever recorded to make landfall in the western Atlantic with maximum sustained winds of 185 mph. Dorian matched the same strength observed in the devastating 1935 Labor Day hurricane. There are 56 confirmed deaths due to Hurricane Dorian and 600 people are still missing after the storm, according to the International Medical Corps Sept. 30 report. But 2019 saw another storm make history with Hurricane Lorenzo. The once-strong Category 5 storm developed quickly in the eastern Atlantic Ocean with maximum sustained wind speeds of 160 mph, making it the strongest hurricane to develop in the

eastern Atlantic, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Its strength didn’t last long, as Lorenzo soon began losing power while it approached the western Azores archipelago as a Category 1 hurricane and then becoming an extratropical storm eastbound to the United Kingdom. The Portuguese government reported minimal storm damage with the exception of fallen trees and downed power lines, The Associated Press reported. The hurricane season doesn’t end until Nov. 30 and more milestones are still possible. Here’s a look back at some of the strongest tropical cyclones in history with respect to maximum sustained wind speed. — Strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded: 1979 Typhoon Tip Typhoon Tip formed in the Northwest Pacific Ocean on Oct. 12 1979, and was measured to have a central pressure of 870 mb with estimated surface sustained winds of 190 mph. It was also one of the largest storms in history with winds extending out 675 miles from

its core and gale-force winds covering 2.4 million square miles. Some records measure the 1996 Tropical Cyclone Olivia as the strongest storm after it hit Australia. The winds were measured at 253 mph. However, it has been noted that typhoons measured between 1940 and 1960 had increased recorded wind speeds, indicating a flaw in measurement as speeds were “too high,” according to NOAA. — Strongest tropical cyclone to strike Canada On Oct. 16, 1963, a tropical depression formed in the southeast Bahamas. Six days later a warm core developed and formed Hurricane Ginny. At its strongest, Ginny was classified as a Category 2 storm with winds of 102 mph. The storm teased the East Coast of the United States and drifted toward North Carolina before looping around and heading north to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, on Oct. 29. Ginny quickly became an extratropical storm upon landfall, NOAA said. — Strongest tropical cyclone to strike Europe While it rarely happens, there have been a number of strong storms from

the tropics to take aim at Europe. Albeit many can be called strong by different measurements, it was Hurricane Faith that traveled east across the Atlantic with Category 2 maximum sustained winds of 104 mph. As the storm approached Norway, Faith lost organization and developed into an extratropical storm shortly before making landfall. — Strongest hurricane to strike Florida: 1935 Labor Day hurricane On the night of Sept. 2, 1935, an unnamed Category 5 storm made landfall in the Florida Keys between Key Largo and Miami. The storm had reached maximum sustained winds of 185 mph. The storm was recorded as the strongest hurricane to make landfall in the Atlantic until 84 years later with the onset of Hurricane Dorian on the Bahamas. The Labor Day storm was responsible for 408 deaths. ——— ©2019 The Orlando Sentinel (Orlando, Fla.) Visit The Orlando Sentinel (Orlando, Fla.) at Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Judge issues court-imposed gag order Dulos had been arrested regarding the disappearance of his estranged wife By Joe Mario Pedersen ORLANDO SENTINEL

STAMFORD, Conn. (TCA) — A Superior Court judge on Oct. 4 warned Fotis Dulos not to violate a gag order he imposed barring parties from talking publicly about the case stemming from Dulos’ arrest in connection with the disappearance of his estranged wife, Jennifer Farber Dulos. Prosecutor Richard Colangelo raised the issue of whether Dulos, 52, of Farmington, Conn., violated the order when he gave an interview to the Proto Thema, a Greek publication, on Sept. 27. Dulos talked about the time he spent in lockup and his marriage, saying Farber Dulos became distant after 2010 and “was suffering from serious psychological problems that I didn’t immediately understand.” Dulos lawyers and news organizations are fighting the gag order at the state Supreme Court. Arguments on the appeal there are scheduled for December. Judge John F. Blawie told Dulos his “statements are clearly not an exception to the order,” and warned him to “conform to the gag order” until the higher court makes a ruling.The order prohibits Dulos, lawyers and witnesses in the case and law enforcement officials from discussing a potential guilty plea or commenting on “the character, credibility, reputation or criminal record of a party, victim or witness.” Blawie said extrajudicial comments by the parties carries a “substantial likelihood of materially prejudicing a fair trial in this case,” according to the order, imposed last month. Dulos’ lawyers said the gag order prejudices his client’s right to a fair trial. Blawie also heard arguments on a defense motion to dismiss the charges against Dulos but did not make a ruling. Colangelo told Blawie the motion was

Mark Mirko / Hartford Courant/TNS

Fotis Dulos, front, exits the Troop G State Police barracks in Bridgeport, Conn. on Oct. 2 with his attorney Norm Pattis. Dulos posted a $500,000 bond after he was charged for a second time with tampering with evidence.

an attempt to “try and have you dismiss the charges for no reason.” Attorney Kevin Smith, representing Dulos, argued that for the hindering prosecution charge, the state needed a predicate felony charge that he said is not present in the current case. Smith said though the state has implied Dulos murdered his wife, Dulos has not been charged with that crime. Blawie set Dulos’ next court date for Nov. 6. In charging Dulos, state police investigators said Farber D ulos disappeared May 24 following a violent altercation in her New Canaan home and that Dulos threw away items with her blood on it in trash cans along Albany Avenue in Hartford the night she went missing, records show.

In a 43-page arrest warrant affidavit, investigators wrote that they believe that Dulos was “lying in wait” for Farber Dulos the morning of May 24. They provided surveillance footage of Farber Dulos’ SUV leaving her home, saying they also believed that Dulos was driving off with her body in the vehicle. Court records say surveillance videos show Dulos disposed of at least two garbage bags in Hartford. Police recovered some of the items from the trash that included a Vineyard Vines shirt with blood on it that Farber Dulos was wearing that day. DNA testing showed that blood found on that shirt and other items belonged to Farber Dulos. The videos, according to court records, also show Dulos dropping a FedEx package into a storm drain in front of

his girlfriend, Michelle Troconis. Police retrieved the package that contained license plates to a car previously owned by Dulos that police said had been doctored, court records say. Troconis, also charged with hindering prosecution and tampering with evidence in connection with Farber Dulos’ disappearance, is expected to appear in Superior Court in Stamford on Oct. 4. Both are free after posting bail and are ordered to have no contact with each other. ——— ©2019 The Hartford Courant (Hartford, Conn.) Visit The Hartford Courant (Hartford, Conn.) at Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

DALLAS (TCA) — Two jurors who served in Amber Guyger’s murder trial say they struggled to reach what they considered to be a just sentence and that they took into account what they believed her victim, Botham Jean, would have wanted. “I didn’t feel like I had any right to speak for ( Jean), and he isn’t there to talk for himself, but listening to how people talked about him, I felt like he would forgive her,” someone identified as Juror 21 told ABC News on Oct. 4. Guyger, a former Dallas police officer, was found guilty of murder in the shooting of 26-year-old Botham Jean on Oct. 1. Then jurors sentenced her to 10 years in prison on Oct. 2. Guyger shot Jean on Sept. 6, 2018, after she confused his apartment for her own and shot him out of fear, believing him to be an intruder. Guyger, 31, could have been sentenced to five to 99 years in prison. Prosecutors recommended a sentence of no fewer than 28 years, based on what would have been Jean’s age at the time of Guyger’s conviction. The 10-year sentence drew protests on the night of Oct 2. ABC interviewed two Dallas County residents who served on the jury — a black woman and a white man — and identified them by their juror numbers. Both said the decision to reach an appropriate sentence was gut-wrenching. “They asked for 28 years, and I’m going to be honest and true. I was like, ‘I can’t give her 28 years,’” Juror 34 said in the interview, which aired on Oct. 4 on "Good Morning America." To the jurors who were interviewed, a 28-year sentence seemed overly harsh, and they believed Guyger showed remorse for her crime. “There was a few of us crying, and I really started crying, and I was listening to some people say they agreed with 28,” Juror 21 said, according to ABC. “I asked for a lighter sentence.” Jean’s mother, Allison Jean, said Guyger’s sentence would give the fired officer 10 years to reflect and “change her life.” She also called for change and a renewed focus on police training in the city where her son died. “There is much more to be done by the city of Dallas,” she said, addressing a crowd gathered around her on the seventh floor of the courthouse on Oct. 2. “The corruption that we saw during this process must stop.” Botham Jean’s brother, Brandt, who gave Guyger a hug that resonated with the jurors, told "Good Morning America’s" Michael Strahan that the gesture was one he made on his own. “I just told her I wanted to forgive her, but sometimes words just aren’t enough,” Brandt Jean said. “That was a decision that I made — it was no one else’s, it was my decision — in letting her know that she was truly forgiven.” When asked how Botham Jean would have reacted to his brother’s hug, Brandt said, “I honestly think he was for it. Nothing else.” He wouldn’t elaborate on the words he appeared to whisper in Guyger’s ear. “Kind words. I can’t say,” he told Strahan. Brandt said he understood why it was hard for some to forgive. “Each and everyone has steps to get to, to what forgiveness is,” he said as he sat next to Lee Merritt, one of the attorneys who represented the Jean family. “I probably went through those steps faster. If you are trying to forgive her, understand that she is still a human being and still deserves love.” The two jurors who were interviewed said their decision on Oct. 2 was one of the hardest things they had ever had to do. “No matter how many years we would have gave Amber Guyger, it’s not bringing Botham back,” Juror 34 told ABC. “It was a mistake, and the 10 years will be enough time for her to get back out there and try to do something better with her life.” ——— ©2019 The Dallas Morning News Visit The Dallas Morning News at Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Join our team! The Reflector and The Reflector Online are in need of your talents, whatever they may be: writing, editing, business, online publishing, designing, photography! For more information, contact Jayden Kennett ( or Cassandra Lombardo ( Sign up for COMM 120: Applied Journalism to be part of the team this Spring!


5 OCTOBER 9, 2019


The Reflector Training as Spartans Season Update Students, UIndy police compete in obstacle course races By Justus O’Neil FEATURE EDITOR


Photo by Jacob Walton

Undefeated so far this season,the UIndy Football team has received little resistance putting up 243 points and only giving up 64. Senior transfer quarterback TJ Edwards has put up 1018 passing yards along with scoring 11 touchdowns. With a blowout win for their homecoming game, the team beat Southwest Baptist University 49-6 .The Hounds recently won against William Jewell on Oct. 5, out scoring The Cardinals by 52 points, winning 59-7. The team will play at Key Stadium this weekend, Oct. 12 against Quincy University at 6pm.

VOLLEYBALL The Hounds are currently 10-4 in their fall season, starting off with 4 wins and recieving their first loss during the UIndy Invitational in early Sept. against Gannon University. Senior setter Alyssa Spears is first in assists with 55 for the season. This past weekend, they fell short to their first GLVC match against Truman State on Oct. 4. The team will travel to Ohio to play the Lewis Flyers this weekend and have 14 more matchups before heading into the GLVC tournament. Photo by Jacob Walton

MENS SOCCER U I n d y M e n’s S o c c e r t e a m started out their season 3-0-1, but are now 4-3-1, falling short to their opponents more than once. Senior captain and midfield Ben Rohder is leading the scoring front for the team with 4 goals which ties him for 5th in the GLVC leaderboards. The team had a victory over MO.-St. Louis, winning 5-0 on Oct. 6.

WOMEN’S SOCCER In the midst of their season, the UIndy Women’s Soccer team is 7-1-1 overall. The team’s most recent game on Oct. 6 against the Tritons from Mo.-St. Louis has put them on a 4 game winning streak. The team defeated the Tritons with a score of 2-1 in double overtime. Junior back Dana Youssef scored her first goal of 2019 and freshman goalkeeper Sophia Saucerman was able to make two saves during first overtime.The girls will travel this weekend to compete in two games against the Lewis Flyers and then Illinois Springfield.


Photo contributed by UIndy Athletics

The men’s golf team started their season off placing first as a team in the Ohio Dominican University Kickoff Classic, placing seven members in the top ten. The team went on to win the Dan Salisbury Memorial by 18 strokes. In their third match, the Doc Spragg Invitational, the team placed 6 out of 18. Senior Erik Edwards placed 12 out of 90 athletes. Currently, Edwards is averaging 69.8 strokes and has placed first in both the ODU Kickoff Classic and the Dan Salisbury Memorial. Sophomore Cam Carrol has also placed in the top three at two invites this season.


Photo contributed by UIndy Athletics

Photo Contributed by Brandon Pate

Lt. Brandon Pate and other members of the University of Indianapolis Police competing in a Spartan race. Pate carried a United States police flag during the competition.

over ....The one [race] that we did a few weeks ago was 29 total obstacles and I don’t even remember all of them because you just keep going.” Frazier said that in partnership with UIndy Police, there are 11 police officers that are interested in racing and they hope to pull in as many students as they can. Spartan has not partnered with any college campuses so far, but Frazier and Pate plan to put together a sponsorship through Spartan that would pay or discount race fees for members and would be the first to be partnered. Running Spartan races are more about overcoming mental barriers than physical barriers and by setting a goal and making it an individual challenge, any racer is able to do a Spartan race, Frazier said. Jaremczuk said that he is looking forward to having a UIndy crew to race with so that he can show his passion for Spartan racing and help other students find their own. Giving his all and putting forth effort makes it easy for Jaremczuk to help put people in a position to do well, he said. “This last summer, we had 15 members as a group and [now we] have 40 [students] that are interested in running

…. During the first race that I did, we slipped into three different groups, the fast people going out [first], people in the middle, and then the slower people there in the back helping each other out,” Jaremczuk said.“Chase [Frazier] actually, was in the very back in the first race, just helping out other people.” When competing as a team in a Spartan race, the largest team is set up with their own personalized tent and the race staff provides drinks and other accommodations. Frazier and Jaremczuk both said that they hope to get enough people together so they are able to be recognized as the largest team at a Spartan race in the coming years. The organization plans to open to registration at the beginning of the 202021 academic year. Frazier encourages UIndy students who want to race or are curious about the races to get in contact with him so that they can get involved. “Fitness has always been a big part of my life, and I know that for Chase [Frazier] too. So it’s kinda nice, to push that onto other people as well,”Jaremczuk said. “I know that anything you put your mind to, you can work towards it and get it.”

Balancing academics and sports

Photo by Brett Pinna

Photo by Tony Reeves

A group of University of Indianapolis students who participate in the sport of Spartan races have partnered with fellow UIndy Police Spartan racers to try to create a Spartan race Registered Student Organization here at UIndy. Spartan racing first started in the Green Mountains of Vermont and is an obstacle course consisting of spear throwing, rope climbing, sled dragging and other events, according to Since then, the organization has expanded to over 200 annual races in more than 40 different countries. Founded by Joe De Sena, Spartan seeks to replicate what typical spartan warrior training would have looked like in ancient Sparta in order to cultivate a strong body and mind according to Junior computer science and computer engineering double major Chase Frazier has raced with UIndy students for the past two years and plans to represent the organization as their president alongside their supervisor Lt. Brandon Pate of UIndy Police. According to Frazier, he and his group of competitors will continue to race throughout the academic year and encourage other interested students to get involved and compete as well. Racing alongside Frazier so far this academic year was junior math education major and pole vault for UIndy Track and Field Devin Jaremczuk. He raced the 14 mile Spartan race called the “Beast” on Oct. 5 in Chicago. He said that on top of his track training, he adds stair climbs and extra mileage to his workout. According to Jaremczuk, he prepares to do plenty of burpees because during a Spartan race, when an obstacle is done incorrectly, the racer must complete 30 burpees before continuing the course. “Thankfully, we really don’t have to do many [burpees] at all because we’ve just been getting better strength-wise [at] being able to do the obstacle,” Jaremczuk said. “There’s six, seven and eight foot walls you go over, mud walls you climb

Only participating in two matches so far this season, the women’s golf team placed first at the UIndy Invitational w h i c h f e a t u re d s e ve n N CA A championship participants from last spring season. Heading into the final day, the greyhounds were down nine strokes, and came back to win by six. In their second match, they placed 9 out of 13 against all D1 competition as UIndy was the only D2 school there. UIndy’s own Pilar Echeverria won the event. Cailyn Henderson did second best for the team tieing for 22 out of 75. The team travels to Ohio this coming weekend.

Information retrieved from UIndy Athletics Website Season update by Jacob Walton , Tony Reeves and Cassandra Lombardo

By Reid Bello

ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR Lifting weights, going to practice, training and playing in games and matches are just some of the responsibilities of University of Indianapolis athletes. On top of those responsibilities, they are also required to keep up with their coursework. However, UIndy has some of the best academics for athletes in the country at the Division II level, according to the D2 Athletics Directors Association. One Hundred and Sixty Three UIndy student-athletes qualified with the ADA for their Academic Achievement Award. To qualify, they had to acquire a 3.5 grade point average or higher, attend the university over the previous four semesters and had to be an active member of the team the past season, according to UIndy Athletics. Assistant Athletic Director for Academic Advising Travis Smith helps student-athletes meet academic requirements to stay eligible to play their sport. Coaches also help keep athletes on track, both in their respective sports and in the classroom, Smith said. “The coaches help communicate things to the athletes and we put out mass emails, do mass advising also with the individual advising,” Smith said. “So, we just tried to target it from different directions…. Our same goal is just always eligibility and progressing towards graduation, then actually graduating.” Junior volleyball outside hitter Taylor Jacquay, who was one of the 163 students, said that her planner is her life and that she has to plan down to the minute because of her packed schedule. Because

she is involved in activities outside of Gunneson, staying on track can be hard sports and academics as well, it is very when the team is traveling to away games, essential for her to write everything down but she focuses on prioritizing the most according to Jacquay. important items on her to-do list. “I think volleyball makes me stay up “When you have weekday games, on everything because we have to have we can sometimes miss classes, but we a certain grade or GPA on the volleyball usually get time, whether it’s at the hotel team,” Jacquay said. “And we have a goal or even on the bus to do homework. And for ourselves and our team and you don’t there’s always Wi-Fi on the bus, and the want to disappoint your team, so keeping coaches do a good job making sure that a good grade is very important.” there’s a separate time for us to all sit down Jacquay said it is not only the coaches and do homework and get stuff done,” helping the athletes keep up academically, Gunneson said.“So, if you don’t prioritize but their teammates as well. They help what needs to get done and know what keep each other motivated and make you have to do, it can be tough. But if you sure their teammates know that they just keep track of your schedule and don’t can reach out procrastinate if they need things too much help, because it’s not a huge all of them deal.” “We set a goal for ourare going M o s t selves so that we can keep athletes have to through or have gone fulfill a certain up on each other...” through the amount of study same thing. hours that they Jacquay said are required to what keeps her motivated along with go to for their team. These help the her teammates is her fear of failure. She coaches and teammates make sure that doesn’t want to let down her team, her schoolwork is still being done to help parents or herself. maintain eligibility to play the sport, “We have that goal, our team sets the Smith said. The administration is always goal. That’s nothing to do with coaches,” trying to make sure that their eligibility Jacquay said. “We set a goal for ourselves is on the same timeline as graduation, so that we can keep up on each other and according to Smith. make sure we’re all meeting the goal for “Our number one goal is graduation,” the GPA.” Smith said “We have one of the highest Senior women’s lacrosse attack Grace graduation rates in NCAA DII and we Gunneson said that what helps her take a lot of pride in that. We don’t have balance the sport with her academics is people not graduate.That’s our goal is we simply keeping her priorities straight. want to obviously win and we do a lot of She said she always tries to stay ahead winning in our sports. But we don’t want of the syllabus so that she is never falling to do one at the expense of the other.” behind and is always keeping track of what needs to be done. According to

Graphic by Ethan Gerling



OCTOBER 9, 2019

ReCraft turns trash into crafts

University of Indianapolis alumna Bethany Daugherty repurposes and sells unused art supplies Following through on her friend’s advice, ReCraft opened its doors on Nov. STAFF WRITER 1, 2018. Located at 1802 Shelby Street, ReCraft is a thrift store for craft and In the case of many art projects, hobby supplies. Customers are able to materials are often bought in bulk select individual materials, such as a single then never used again. University of button or just a few ribbons, as opposed to Indianapolis alumna Bethany Daugherty, buying an entire container of buttons or graduate of 2013, offers up a solution ribbons at a first-hand retailer. According with her secondhand craft store called to Daugherty, buying craft supplies ReCraft. secondhand is a sustainable alternative From knitting to a form of lace-making because it saves on the production of new known as tatting, Daugherty said she has materials while also preventing unused been a craft lover her entire life. She did materials from being wasted. not, however, start out with a craft-related “Every crafter has stuff in their house occupation. that they’re H a v i n g not using d o u b l e anymore... m a j o r e d “Providing things that people a n d e v e r y in violin crafter wants need to be human .... We performance to go and buy and creative something need creativity and art.” writing, for their Daugherty next project,” said she grew Daugherty tired of music and teaching for a living said. “So [ReCraft] is kind of bringing and began seeking out a new career. together those two ideas.” In the meantime, she and her friend Accessibility and community outreach Julia Spangler, who met at UIndy through have been important elements since a mutual bluegrass band, had been ReCraft’s inception, Daugherty said. involved in environmental efforts such Given the outspread of economicallyas clothing swaps since 2013. Spangler disadvantaged people from Fountain runs her own business as a sustainable Square to the Bates-Hendricks events consultant. Because Daugherty neighborhood, and having grown up had been an enthusiastic volunteer, below the poverty line herself, keeping Spangler suggested she start a creative prices low has been a priority for her, reuse center. she said. ReCraft has also partnered “Bethany’s the perfect person to run with the Community Food Box Project it,”Spangler said.“She’s passionate about and now has a miniature food bank. crafting and creating things, as well as The bank is located outside ReCraft’s being stable and not wasting things that doors and is free to the public. ReCraft are perfectly good. So it’s a perfect mix customers who donate non-perishable for her.” goods, hygiene products and shoes to

By Noah Fields

Self-taught artists continue their work through college “I like to do portraits,” Tansy said. “I have an expressive style of art so I PHOTO EDITOR kind of take realism and put a twist on it. That makes it more animated and it emphasizes emotion and especially From dreams of creating a comic different features.” book to animated inspired work, two According to Leagre, his artwork has University of Indianapolis students have been inspired by the comics and graphic incorporated each of these things into novels that he read as a child and even their art work and continue to build on as an adult. His work often includes them throughout their time at UIndy. characters he creates along with ideas for Sophomore actuarial science major comic books for the future. For example, Samuel Leagre Leagre said he and f reshman has now designed biolog y major characters for a D on n a Ta n s y pilot project his have each been brother created. inspired by a L eagre has variety of things practiced many that have allowed different styles them to grow of art and used within the field to collaborate of art. with friends from Many students high school on may have ar t a business they experience started together. through general According education courses to Leagre, that are required the business to graduate, but is no longer both Leagre functioning, but and Tansy have they designed established their t-shirts and own style of art phone cases that and built on it he illustrated. Art by Donna Tansy for many years. “Just reading While neither of them are art majors, graphic novels as a kid [was inspiring] they each plan to continue creating and Scott Pilgrim was great, the Hellboy artwork for years to come in their own comics are a big inspiration,” Leagre free time. Leagre says said. “...Just reading he has been drawing stuff like that as a since he could hold a kid really made me pencil. He has dreams want to create stuff to one day create and like that.” publish a comic book. Both Leagre and “I haven’t been able Tansy have majors to do a lot of art outside of the art recently,” Leagre said. field, yet both hope “But I’m still taking to pursue art in the an art class, so I am future along with still trying to keep it a their careers that part of my life because they go into. Tansy I want it to be a part said she has sold of my life forever and commissions in the sell stuff on the side.” past, but plans on Both Leagre and possibly carrying on Tansy said they found with art on the side, i n s p i r a t i on f rom which may differ their childhood, yet f rom the artwork Art by Samuel Leagre this has brought she practices now. them in different According to Leagre, he hopes to become directions with their art. According to an actuary in order to maintain a stable Tansy, her artwork is mostly inspired by income while continuing to practice art. animated shows that she watched when “I think being able to pay for stuff she was younger. Tansy said that her like that [tuition] is really important,” artwork started as her mimicking the Leagre said.“So I think that’s what’s cool animated style and trying to draw her about art is that you can kind of use it favorite characters from the shows, which as a way to fund other parts of your life, later progressed into her own art style. like side stuff.”

By Shylah Gibson

Photo by Tony Reeves

Reused arts and crafts materials from donors such as the octopus tentacles, vases, furniture and masks featured above decorate Bethany Daugherty’s business, ReCraft.

the box are given a 10 percent discount on purchases. Daugherty said she refills the food box twice a day, and afterwards, it is empty each and every time. In addition to the food box, the storefront of ReCraft also has a box for free craft supplies and a miniature library where patrons can take and donate free books. “A lot of what we do with the community outreach and that kind of stuff is…providing the things that

people need to be human,” Daugherty said. “We need food to live and to be human. We need knowledge. We need creativity and art.” Daugherty said she has seen an unexpected increase in patron accessibility with the opening of the Red Line, which has a stop located just around the corner from ReCraft. “It’s literally right on my doorstep, and people can take the bus to me so well, and that’s really incredible and important,”

Daugherty said. Outside of the customer growth, she has viewed the proximity to the Red Line as both a worthwhile investment for the city and into ReCraft’s ideal of accessibility. Daugherty said that she gets to be an ambassador for public transportation and the Red Line. While Daugherty has appreciated the environmental efforts and community outreach that she has achieved in less than a year since ReCraft opened, she admitted that the business has not come without its challenges. “I actually have been getting so much stuff that there are times that I have to say I can’t accept donations for a month, because of the sheer amount of things that people bring me,” Daugherty said. ReCraft has implemented a monthon-month-off donation schedule, and Daugherty hopes to implement organizational tactics and impromptu volunteer assistance in hopes that she’ll be able to take as many donations as she can. Equipped with the sensibilities of both an alumna and an environmentalist, Daugherty said she recognizes that the pressure to uphold sustainable practices among many college students is high. Given the proximity to campus and the Red Line, she hopes that ReCraft is a viable resource for creative UIndy students to seek out environmentallyconscious methods of producing their next projects. “Some people might think these things are out of their reach, but to be able to take it and put it within their reach is just really neat,” Daugherty said. “Just seeing people light up and come alive and just get really excited about that has been really cool.”

RSO takes on the slopes By Reid Bello

ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR The Ski and Board Registered Student Organization at the University of Indianapolis held a callout meeting for students interested in becoming their first group of members of the winter sports RSO on Sept. 19, where they welcomed UIndy skiers and snowboarders of all skill levels. Junior sports management and business double major Campbell Thomason serves as the president of UIndy Ski and Board. He said he started the plans for the RSO around Christmas in 2018. He began contacting students to see if they would be interested in it, and when he got positive responses, he put his plans into action, Thomason said. “I started it [the RSO] by myself because I’ve been around snowboarding since I was five. And then looking at other college’s ski and snowboard clubs, those clubs are one of the biggest clubs on other school’s campuses,” Thomason said. “I just thought it’d be a great thing to bring to UIndy.” According to Thomason, the first callout meeting brought on 30 new members and he expects many more. In order to become an active member of the RSO, students must pay a $20 fee. By paying this fee, they get a t-shirt, bumper sticker and discounts to the ski resorts that the RSO will be partnering with, according to Thomason. Thomason said that the RSO is going to start hosting bonding activities that will be available to all students, but only active members will be able to attend closed meetings. They will also host events over the summer for team bonding. Junior elementary education major and Vice President of Travel for Ski and Board Aubrey Schmeltz said that her job is to plan all of the trips for them. Right now, she is planning a big winter trip to Colorado. Ac c o rd i n g t o Schmeltz, anyone will be able to go on the trip as long as they pay for their own travel. Schmeltz said that multiple other colleges’ Ski and Board clubs will be there. The resort they are going to will have headlining artists for the events of

the week, so students have activities to do other than being on the slopes. According to Schmeltz, one of the headliners will be Rich the Kid. “I have always been involved in skiing and snowboarding and so Campbell [Thomason] reached out to me,” Schmeltz said. “I was talking to him about it when he first got it started and I showed interest in the club and then I just kind of started helping and pitching in different ways.” The goal of this RSO, according to Schmeltz, is to get people interested in winter sports, such as skiing and snowboarding, and to spend time with people who have common interests. She said that her and the other leaders want it to be a place for students to have fun, blow off steam and bond with other students. According to Schmeltz, they wanted to do more activities that students would be interested in, instead of only holding meetings. “I think our goal is just to get as many people out and doing it and exercising and having fun. It’s just the environment that you are in as well,”Schmeltz said. “A lot of people that are in this club…or even just skier-snowboarders, we are a lot more laid back. [There is] a sense of just more chill and we like to have a lot of friends… it’s kind of being there for everybody and [at the same time] you get to have fun and go enjoy doing something that you love.”

g erlin an G h t E y hic b Grap



7 OCTOBER 9, 2019

Alumni return to perform in recital UIndy invites alumni to return and participate in a musical performance for Homecoming week

Facebook to reach out. “[The purpose is to] maintain BUSINESS MANAGER connections with them [alumni]," Westra said. "We don't want to just shove our University of Indianapolis alumni people out of the door at graduation and returned to Christel DeHaan Fine Arts say ‘Goodbye have a nice time and have Center as a part of the UIndy's Homea good life.'" coming weekend on Saturday, Sept. 28. Alumni are selected for the Each year, UIndy invites alumni to come program on a first come first serve basis. back to campus and Howperform. e v e r, Assistant Professor if the “It gets more of an of Music Mitzi Westra is proaudience and more the one that coordinates gram and organizes the recital participation from alumni.” needs every year. m o re According to Westra, of a the alumni recital has varinot always been a part of homecoming ety, a pianist might be invited to play weekend. The recital happens during instead of another singer if the program homecoming and then sometimes again already has enough singers. in February with a different program. Guitarist Joseph Jones, who graduated “This is the third year that it has been from UIndy in 2016, was one of many associated with homecoming,” Westra alumni to come back and play in the said. “But it’s been going on for as long recital. He performed "Usher Waltz" as I can remember and I've been here for by Nikita Koshin and "Grand Vals" by almost 20 years.” Francisco Tarrega. Each year, Westra works with the Since graduating, Jones has been alumni office to reach out to alumni to working as a janitor, a guitar instructor, play in these recitals, in addition to using a martial arts instructor and a freelance

By Taylor Strnad

guitarist. While juggling all of those, he is also a soldier in the Army National Guard and is pursuing a master’s degree in guitar performance. According to Jones, he is still involved with UIndy and occasionally ends up back at the university. “It’s really neat [to come back], I only knew a couple people on the program so it's really cool seeing all the different backgrounds that other graduates have had prior to when I graduated just a few years ago,” Jones said. “Seeing all the diverse talents that people are bringing, it’s really neat.” Jones said he is still involved with music. Even with a busy schedule, he has known "Grand Vals" for years and thought this would be good practice with "Usher Waltz," according to Jones. Jones said that he is looking to perfrom "Usher Waltz" in an upcoming competition. Westra believes that having the primary alumni recital moved to Homecoming week was beneficial. “It gets more of an audience and more participation from alumni,” Westra said. “I think it's another thing that will draw people to campus, especially music people.”

Photo by Kiara Conley

Alumnus Joseph Jones performed two solos, "Grand Vals" and "Usher Waltz," on the guitar on the day of Sept. 28 for the Alumni Recital in Christel DeHaan Fine Arts Center.

Ruby Rose has no problem playing dark character By Rick Bentley

TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE The CW’s “Arrow” has long featured one of television’s most brooding characters in Oliver Queen/Green Arrow as played by Stephen Amell. The hooded vigilante will have competition for the title when the latest addition to the CW’s legion of superhero comic book characters launches Sunday with “Batwoman.” Ruby Rose’s portrayal of the character introduced in DC Comics in 2006 makes Green Arrow look chipper. What causes her Dark Knight to be so dark is Kate Kane (Rose) was forced into becoming Gotham City’s new vigilante three years ago when Batman mysteriously disappeared. The city spiraled down because local police were outmanned by the criminals. To make matters worse, Kane only returned to

Gotham after a dishonorable discharge from military school and years of brutal survival training. She lives in a world where there is little reason to smile. In response to the brooding nature of her character, Rose is quick to say: “I have other facial expressions, believe it or not. The other day we did an episode where I got to smile. And the crew true story they were like, ‘You look beautiful today. You know, you look great every day, but you look really’ I was like, ‘It’s because I get to smile today, guys.’ “But, yeah, she’s been through a lot, so there’s a lot of heaviness and darkness and she’s dealing with a lot.” Despite the dark cloud that hangs over the character, the Australian actress/ model/television presenter knew playing Batwoman was a perfect fit. Not only has she already established her ability to work in big action projects, having been in “XXX: The Return of Xander Cage,”

“Resident Evil: The Final Chapter” and “John Wick: Chapter 2,” she also boxes and can ride a motorcycle. And although Rose grew up more of a fan of “The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles,” she read Batman comics when she was younger. She became a fan of Batwoman in her early 20s when the new version of the character launched in comics. Rose does all her action scenes in the series wearing the flowing Batwoman costume. As Rose explains, it is not like dressing up for Halloween because the costume has been molded to her body. She easily can move around in it because it feels like a second skin. “It’s an incredible feeling. You feel the transformation unlike any costume I’ve ever put on in any role in my life,” Rose says. “It’s just very difficult to pee in. That’s all.” Batwoman marks the first lesbian superhero that’s the star of a television

series. Rose is comfortable bringing that aspect of the character to the production as she has been awarded the Stephen F. Kolzak Award at the 2016 GLAAD Media Awards, presented to an LGBT media professional who has made a significant difference in promoting equality and acceptance. Playing a character with so much darkness in her life hits close to home for Rose. She has spoken publicly about her battle with bipolar disorder, bullying when she was a teenager and a suicide attempt close to the time when she came out. Rose has been dealing with her past, even writing, producing and starring in the short film “Break Free” in 2015, which was a tribute to gender fluidity that became a viral hit with more than 25 million views on YouTube. Rose wants “Batwoman” to help people who struggle the same way she did. “I do think that we are coming a

long way in acceptance and people are becoming more progressive and we are getting much more representation on television. In a way, social media is great because you can find communities and you can find people that are like yourself and you can find these people that will help support you and talk to, but at the same time, it’s a whole portal of people being able to attack you when you are in your bedroom at home,” Rose says. “I feel like there’s a lot of pressure on kids, and that’s why making this show is so important to me and to everybody. “We do want young everyone to watch this, but especially young people can watch this and feel like they can identify and they can relate to the people that they are watching on the screen and hopefully be empowered by that.” ——— © 2019 Tribune News Service w (Los Angeles, CA)

because there are multiple hayrides that go on at once in order to keep lines moving. Another reason that the lines did not seem to take long to get through was because there were four actors in the line with us as we waited. There was a creepy old lady, a killer clown, a cannibal man with pig skin stitched to his face and a zombie. The actors walked through the line and visitors were allowed to take photos with them. They also scared some unsuspecting riders who were not paying attention. These actors had some of the best quality costumes I have ever seen. Their make-up was immaculate and was so good it appeared to be their actual faces. Not only that, but they were extremely dedicated to their roles and didn’t break character once, not even for photos. One thing that I hated about waiting in line was that every once in awhile, there were extremely loud bangs that would sound off four times consecutively without warning. This kind of cheap jump scare was unnecessary and more annoying than anything and added nothing positive to my experience. No one in my group enjoyed that part of the attraction. While on the hayride, there was a speaker playing on the tractor that pulled the wagon we were seated on. This speaker played loud horror music that not only terrified us, but also served as audio cues for the actors during the hayride. The tractor pulled us for about two minutes before the scares actually began and this, coupled with the music, raised my anxiety levels as we traveled deeper into the woods. The scares started with a bang and didn't end until we stepped off of the hayride. Repeatedly during the ride they

said to not lean out and to keep hands and head inside the wagon because the spaces were tight. This was evident right from the beginning when we went through a large archway with a tight squeeze.Then, a giant animatronic animal swoops from above and, if caught unaware, seems like it will hit those inside the wagon. The hayride was one of the most unique experiences I have ever had at a haunted house or Halloween-like amusement place. There were about 10 different themes the wagon went through. One in particular that absolutely blew me away, and was a theme I had never seen before was pirates. On both sides of the wagon were huge pirate ships with dead people fighting and c a n n on s shooting at one another while f o g sprayed out.They even

had an actor who swung on a rope from one ship to another. The ships each had about 10 actors battling. Although this part of the ride was not particularly scary, it was extremely entertaining and I wanted to pause the ride and take it in. What impressed me the most was the lighting on the ships. It was done in a way to make the scene very dramatic and lit in a way that everything was able to be seen, even in the pitch black of night in a forest. Another thing that the Haunted Hayride does that was unique from other haunted attractions was that it gave the riders plenty of things to look at and forced riders to look upwards. Most haunted attractions have people look left, right, back and forward but almost never have any incentive to gaze at, or have anything above its participants. At every attraction on the hayride, there was always something in every direction, especially up. There were tunnels, actors flying above the wagon riders and signs that kept the riders engaged in every way possible. Another high point that I very much enjoyed was that it featured three sections where the main point was not just to scare, but entertain the wagon riders. In these sections, they played well known classics and choreographed dances that centered around a spooky or Halloween theme.These were all broken apart between the scarier sections, which gave slight relief to the riders. I was very impressed with the hayride. The music and sounds always matched the different themes and attractions. The actors performed well and stayed in character the entire time. The choreographed dances were well done

and in sync. The costumes and make-up were some of the best I have ever seen. The only thing about the production was the typical generic lines the actors had. Evil laughs, screams, such as “Get over here,” and groans. None of this was unique and can be heard at any attraction. It was as if they were told to just say typical scary lines and did not have any unique dialogue between them. The only disappointing part of the hayride for me was the Headless Horseman. Indiana Fear Farm advertises a Headless Horseman attraction during the hayride and as if it was supposed to be a big deal, but for our ride, it was only featured for about 15 seconds. The actor was waving a fake sword at the wagon while walking beside it. This was perplexing since he was guiding his horse in one hand, and made me wonder why he did not just ride the horse after the wagon, especially since there was about 30 seconds with nothing going on after his scene. I really felt as if there could have been a lot more to his part. Overall, my experience at Indiana Fear Farm was extremely enjoyable.They have a unique take on haunted attractions that gives attendees something to look forward to. For UIndy students, however, I would highly recommend doing both the Haunted Hayride and Slaughter Barn attractions because of the 40 minute drive. Only doing one makes for about a 10 to 15 minute scare experience. Comparing this with the commute makes Indiana Fear Farm not worth it as much. However, Indiana Fear Farm does have a unique experience and does some really great things during their attractions and I enjoyed myself in ways I did not expect.

Editorial: Indiana Fear Farm offers unique experience By Tony Reeves

EDITORIAL ASSISTANT As a frequent visitor of haunted houses, I have experienced my fair share of scares. This time, I drove 40 minutes from the University of Indianapolis to the Indiana Fear Farm in Jamestown for their opening night of spooky season. One thing I did not expect, however, was just how remote the location was. Driving down dark country roads in between corn fields seemed as if I was driving forever. I felt like I was being watched by monsters in the corn and my three friends in the car agreed with me. The drive to Indiana Fear Farm is, without a doubt, a part of the experience. After finally arriving and turning into the farm, which was not difficult to find due to plenty of signs, I turned into a large grass parking lot that was easy to navigate and park in. Walking up to the stand to pay was a quick and easy experience with friendly vendors to assist with anything that I needed. There are two attractions at Indiana Fear Farm:The Haunted Hayride and the Slaughter Barn. The Haunted Hayride costs 15 dollars for adults or 13 dollars for children eight and under. The Slaughter Barn costs 13 dollars for all ages, but has an age restriction of eight years or older only. They also featured combo tickets for a cheaper price if one was looking to do both attractions. In the Slaughter Barn, the actors are allowed to touch the customer, and my friends and I did not feel comfortable with that, so we stuck with the hayride. The line for the hayride was long, but we were able to get through it quickly

Graphic by Jacob Walton



OCTOBER 9, 2019

Number sickened by vaping illness rises 1,080 cases have been confirmed across 48 states and the U.S. Virgin Islands By Kate Thayer

CHICAGO TRIBUNE CHICAGO (TCA) — More than 1,000 people across nearly every state have been sickened by a respiratory illness linked to vaping that continues to vex public health officials, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC’s investigation into the illness has confirmed 1,080 cases across 48 states and the U.S. Virgin Islands, officials said on Oct. 3. Eighteen of those patients in 15 states have died, and the CDC continues to investigate additional deaths, signaling that number could grow in the coming days, said Dr. Anne Schuchat, CDC principal deputy director. Despite the “brisk pace” of the spread of the illness (though the increase is also credited to additional reporting of older cases), officials from the CDC and the Food and Drug Administration still cannot identify specific products or ingredients causing harm. “There’s a lot we do not know about what’s in e-cigarettes or vaping products,” Schuchat said. “There may be a lot of different nasty things in e-cigarettes or vaping products, and they may cause different harm in the lungs.” Trends among the patients remain consistent, she said.They are mostly male and mostly young, and most report vaping products with THC, the ingredient in marijuana that creates a high.The median age of those who have died, however, is 49 1/2, according to the CDC.

Author from page 1 really well,” Sartoris said. “She was very receptive to talking not just about the book, but about the process [of writing the book] and some of the difficulties that she had along the way. I don’t hear a lot of authors open up about their frustrations with their editors, and she sort of talked about that relationship and how that’s sort of like a give-and-take [relationship]. I felt like it was a good audience and a good author to be speaking.” With the Question & Answer sessions the department holds before the public reading events, the students get a chance to ask questions about the author’s book or publishing questions. Haney says he hopes to open the Q&As up to a larger group eventually. Haney said that KWS events are open to everyone and that they will be raffling off books at each event, so the audience should show up before the event starts to get a chance to win the author’s book. Otherwise, english majors and minors have an even more intimate chance to speak with the author. Haney said he wants to work with student organizations that KWS has worked with in the past, such as the Black Student Association. BSA had helped bring Randall Horton to campus last semester for a reading and Haney said that at the Horton reading, over 240 people showed up. Sartoris said that she believes that having diverse authors come to campus is not only important from a literary standpoint, but also a world view as well. “The problem with only representing white males is that they’re a small part of the world’s population,” Sartoris said. “... To be able to meet with people who are outside of what is commonly taught in the education system, I want say that it gives you a different perspective…. It is more realistic to what the world is and I think so much of literature strives to represent what the world is, so in order to do that you have to be looking at multiple perspectives, looking at authors that are different from you. Because otherwise we get a very narrow world of literature. So I think it’s very, very important, especially for universities, to promote these kinds of authors because they can be out there publishing, but if there’s not an audience supporting that and telling people that this is important, then it kind of stops there.”


The Reflector is a student publication, and the opinions contained herein are not necessarily those of the University of Indianapolis. The Reflector is dedicated to providing news to the university community fairly and accurately. Letters to the editor, suggestions, corrections, story ideas and other correspondence should be addressed to The Reflector, Esch Hall, Room 333, or sent via electronic mail to NOTE: To be considered for publication, letters must include a valid name and telephone

Peggy Peattie/San Diego Union-Tribune/TNS

Vaping and the use of flavored nicotine products are under fire in California and across the United States.

Last week, public officials offered the first clue as to what could be causing the mystery illness — black market products with THC — but officials cautioned Thursday that they still can’t identify a single product. Patients started to become hospitalized in droves this summer, with symptoms that included difficulty breathing, chest pains and gastrointestinal distress, among other things. The FDA continues to test products used by those sickened, and has found mixtures of THC and vitamin E acetate, a compound that’s dangerous when inhaled, said Judy McMeekin, deputy associate commissioner for regulatory

affairs at the FDA. But no one product or ingredient was identified in all samples, she said, adding that it’s been difficult to test the vaping products because some have little to no liquid inside them. However, based on lung biopsies from 17 patients with the mystery illness, a Mayo Clinic study concluded that toxic chemical fumes, not vitamin E acetate, are more likely to be to blame. In a study released last week of patients in Illinois and Wisconsin, most reported using THC vaping products they obtained through friends, off the street or otherwise illegally, and identified the brand Dank Vapes. Dank Vapes, according to the report,

are vaping products prominent among a group of counterfeit brands that have common packaging and a logo, yet “no obvious centralized production or distribution.” Loyal e-cigarette users and smallbusiness owners who sell products to vape nicotine have long said devices with only nicotine remain safe, but the CDC said they still aren’t sure, and they continue to warn the public about all vaping. ——— ©2019 Chicago Tribune Visit the Chicago Tribune at www. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Positions open for ISG By Jacob Walton SPORTS EDITOR

ISG is currently in a transitional phase. “ISG has been super involved the past few months with [the] rolling out of the new UIndy app and some exciting initiatives like that,” Freck said. “So even though it's a small team right now, they’re still being really active on campus.” According to Freck, the role of the treasurer is to oversee all of the finances

Consisting of only two members, the University of Indianapolis’ Indianapolis Student Government is looking to fill their open positions and promote more student involvement around campus, according to ISG Vice President and senior political science major Dani Merlo. Currently, the only positions on “Even though it's a small ISG that are not open are president team right now, they're still and vice president, which are held by senior religion major Jamarcus being really active...” Walker and Merlo. The treasurer and secretary positions, along with class representatives are open, according to Steven Freck, assistant director for ISG and record-keeping and the for student activities and co-advisor secretary’s role is the communication for ISG. The treasurer and secretary side of ISG. Freck said that the class positions opened on Oct. 4, and class positions are a good way for students to representatives will open up after fall get involved with the general assembly break, according to Merlo. Freck said that of ISG.

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“[The positions are] an opportunity for students from each sit on the general assembly of ISG and have a voice on what some of the different initiatives that they [ISG] focus on,” Freck said. Freck said that the goal for ISG this year is the same as it has always been, which is to serve as a connection from the students to the administrators of campus. ISG will continue to work with the UIndy app throughout the year, while also helping to promote student engagement with Resident Student Organizations, according to Freck. Merlo said that ISG wants to make UIndy more inclusive and welcoming to students and that she does not want students to be discriminating towards others. “We would like to have a bunch of students meeting each other,” Merlo said. “...We kind of just want to have an open campus where we're able to reach all students.”

Changes from page 1 institution’s commitment to students with an economic disadvantage and also first generation students. This category is also looked at by US News and World Report, according to Baggs. “UIndy has a long history of enrolling first-generation students and those with economic and other factors that could impact their persistence in college,”Baggs said. “The support systems here help to bridge those gaps. This is part of UIndy’s mission and speaks to our university’s motto of ‘Education for Service.’” For the US News and World Report ranking, UIndy fills out a survey which asks questions such as how many students the university has, how many degree programs the university offers, the capacity of residence halls, and over three hundred more questions that the administration completes every academic year, according to Baggs. “First, I’m proud that the university has focused its talents in the areas of making educational program that’s relevant for our society,” Manuel said. “Second, I’m proud that we’ve been able to fund and produce experiences that are meaningful for students.Third, I’m proud that we’ve been able to lead our mission and use our mission as the source of growth for everything we’ve been doing, and as a result of all that, I’m happy that we’ve been kind of recognized for this to be pushed into a national ranking, national categories. It’s the byproduct, it’s not the goal.” UIndy is currently tied in rankings with West Virginia University and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, according to Manuel. “The goal wasn’t to become a nationally ranked university, the goal wasn’t to become a doctoral or applied doctoral Carnegie group, right?”Manuel said.“The goal was to figure out for us what the right path forward for our education was. It’s nice to be recognized, but we really, in all of the strategic planning work we did, we never said we’re doing this because we want to get a better classification. We did it because it was right for us to do, tied to our mission and consistent with the needs of our students and the expertise of our faculty.”




EDITOR-IN-CHIEF......................................JAYDEN KENNETT • MANAGING EDITOR..................CASSANDRA LOMBARDO • NEWS EDITOR......................................NOAH CRENSHAW • SPORTS EDITOR...........................................JACOB WALTON • FEATURE EDITOR...............................................JUSTUS O'NEIL • ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR.......................................REID BELLO • OPINION EDITOR........................................MADISON GOMEZ • ONLINE EDITOR...............................................KIARA CONLEY • PHOTO EDITOR...........................................SHYLAH GIBSON • ART DIRECTOR.............................................ETHAN GERLING• BUSINESS MANAGER...................................TAYLOR STRNAD • CO-DISTRIBUTION MANAGERS................JAYDEN KENNETT • CASSANDRA LOMBARDO • ADVISER..................................................JEANNE CRISWELL •




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Oct. 9, 2019 | The Reflector  

The Oct. 9, 2019 issue of The Reflector. Vol. 98, Issue #3. © 2019 The Reflector. All rights reserved.

Oct. 9, 2019 | The Reflector  

The Oct. 9, 2019 issue of The Reflector. Vol. 98, Issue #3. © 2019 The Reflector. All rights reserved.