Reed College Commencement Program 2021

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ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH COMMENCEMENT MONDAY MAY 17 2021


The Program PROCESSIONAL* INTRODUCTORY REMARKS Audrey Bilger, President WELCOME Roger M. Perlmutter ’73, Chairman, Board of Trustees ALUMNI WELCOME Melissa Osborne ’13 COMMENCEMENT ADDRESS INTRODUCTION Audrey Bilger, President ADDRESS Ali Nouri ’97 CONFERRING OF THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS Audrey Bilger, President CONFERRING OF THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN LIBERAL STUDIES Audrey Bilger, President RECESSIONAL*

MARSHALS

Commencement Marshal Jeffrey Parker, George Hay Professor of Economics

Student Marshals Kristen G. Anderson, Professor of Psychology Arthur Glasfeld, Margret Geselbracht Professor of Chemistry Matt Pearson ’92, Professor of Linguistics

Faculty Marshals Sonia Sabnis, Associate Professor of Classics and Humanities Janis Shampay, Howard Vollum Professor of Biology

* Those attending in person are requested to stand for the processional and recessional. Sign language interpretation is provided by Access Services Northwest. Our bagpiper is John Goff.


Ali Nouri ’97 As the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs in the department of energy, Dr. Ali Nouri plays a key role in President Biden’s response to the global climate crisis. From 2018 to 2021, Nouri was the president of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS), which focuses on global health and security risks. Under Nouri’s leadership, FAS addressed science denialism and COVID-19 misinformation by providing timely, science-based information to policymakers and to the public. Nouri served in various roles in the United States Senate between 2008 and 2018, including six years as a policy adviser on the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. He also served as an energy and environment adviser, a national security adviser, and a legislative director. Prior to working in the Senate, Nouri served as an adviser to the office of United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan, where he developed initiatives to block biotechnology from being used to produce biological weapons. Nouri earned a BA in biology from Reed College and a PhD in molecular biology from Princeton University. He resides in Washington, DC, with his wife, Logan Gibson, and their two sons.


Music by Portlandia Brass Ensemble JáTtik Clark, tuba Jen Harrison, horn Lars Campbell, trombone Logan Brown, trumpet Joe Klause, trumpet PROCESSIONAL Pomp and Circumstance no. 4, op. 39 Sir Edward Elgar (1857–1934) Arranged for the Rose City Brass Quintet by Lars Campbell RECESSIONAL Dances from The Danserye Tylman Susato (1510/15–after 1570) Arranged and edited by John Iverson


Graduating seniors are listed alphabetically under each of Reed’s five academic divisions, followed by interdisciplinary majors that cross the divisions and master's graduates. The listing includes the academic department in which the student majored and any concentration within that major (noted by a colon). The title of the student's thesis is listed, except for students who completed one of Reed's combined degree programs in place of the thesis year at Reed.

The Arts MO ALLYN

Music Sound, Media, and Affect at Portland's Black Lives Matter Protests KIERAN ANDREWS

Theatre Approaching the Absurd: A Physical Theatre-Based Acting Methodology for Theatre of the Absurd SEBASTIAN BISHOP

Music La Orquestra Psicodélica Transcontinental: Musical Hybridity in Modern Latinx Alternative Music JUCE BRANDON

Music Mambo Mambo: How It Got On The Dance Flo’ APRIL BROWN

Art MOIRA BROWN

Art Spiral CLEMENTINE CULF

Art Walking Gardens: An Exploration of Food, Land, and Magic in a Concrete World HARRIETT NAUSICAÄ RAMONA ENRIQUEZ

Art To Speak of Forms Changed: Telling the Story of a Completely Unglamorous Transition GRETA FIEWEGER

Art I Hold Myself in My Arms: The Book Figured as an Object of Comfort EMMA GANGER-SPIVAK

Art A Poetics of Description: Alt text and The Museum


MOLLY LINDEN HERRO

Art The Pond: On the Loop and Infinity in Experimental Animation HENRY OBERHOLTZER

Music Waveform Transmissions: Minimalism and Dynamic Expression in Techno PRECIOUS ROMO

Art Framing Heroes in Crisis: Approaches to Identity in Superhero Comics MARIA SAENZ-RODRIGUEZ

Art “Atmospheric” Films: What It Means and How To Make It NICHOLAS SCHLESINGER

Art Hand Printed: A Consideration of Art and Automation CONNOR SEYMOUR

Art iMage Quest: QAnon, Network Aesthetics, and Speculative Fictions MARIA WILKERSON

Theatre “Could you ask as much from any other man?”: Religious Ritual, Musical Theater, and the Cost of Creation BRENNA WRYE-SIMPSON

Music Maurice Ravel's poetic "transposition": musical color, narrative, and form in Trois poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé

History & Social Sciences ISABEL ADESKO

History TPAJAX & PBSUCCESS: The Roots and Aftermath of CIA Intervention in Iran and Guatemala DEMETER ANDERSON

Anthropology Blossoming from the Steppe: Nationalism and Culture in Urban Kazakhstan ALYSSA ANDRICHIK

Political Science The Danger of U.S. Nuclear Security Organizational Culture & the Importance of Diverse Thought SHIR LEV BACH

History Inside, Outside, Morningside: Alaska’s Insane in Portland, Oregon, 1904-1960 MARIANA BEYER CHAPA

Political Science Explaining State Variation in Issuing of Driver’s Licenses to Undocumented Immigrants in the United States PABLO BLANCO

Political Science Modernization and NAFTA: An Exploration of the Production Sharing Model TYLER BOENTE

Political Science Mutual Aid: How Theory Became Practice TESS BUCHANNAN

Anthropology Totally Tubular: Potatoes and Change in the Peruvian Andes NATHANIEL BURROWS

Anthropology Linguistic Nationalism and Breton Autonomy: A Comparative Study of Regional Movements


JANE CALDERBANK

FERNANDO FLAMENCO

Anthropology: Science, Environment, and Technology Studies Springtime Dwelling: The Poetics of Pacific Northwest Salmon

Political Science Strange Rumblings in JuárezFemicides, Cartel Violence, and Mexico's Crisis of Impunity

NICK CAMPIGLI

CHERYL FOK

History The Roman Threat: The Catholic Church in South Africa 1953-1957

Anthropology Judicial Flogging in Botswana: the Sociality, Language, and Phenomenology of Chiefly Punishment

ANDREA CAMPOS

Economics Andean Superfood Boom Goes Bust: An Economic Analysis on the Welfare Effects of the Quinoa Bust in Peru

ABBY FRIESEN-JOHNSON

Anthropology The apocalypse of reason SAM GIVENS

ALISA CHEN

Anthropology Anti-Vagrancy and the Harvesting of the West

Economics Remuneration Frustration: The Past, Present, and Future of Music Streaming Royalties

QUINN CHEN

OLIVER HILLENKAMP

Anthropology The Aesthetics of Surveillance: Tactical Interventions in Surface Matters

Anthropology All We Have is Each Other: Abolitionist Mutual Aid in Portland, OR

TOM DAVIES

MATT JARVIS

Economics Extractive and Exacting: Reshaping West Virginia's Economy for a World Without Coal

Economics Comparative Community and Economic Development: An Audit and Discussion concerning Public Investment in the Lents neighborhood of Portland, Oregon from 1980-2019

LULU DAVIS

Economics Reassessing the Measure of Income Inequality in the United States MEGAN ELEY

Anthropology The Legend of Korra: Fandoms, Queerness, and Representation ALYSSA ROSE SCHWARTZ FEIGELSON

History Sourdough Challah: How Californian Jews Reconciled Tradition and Modernity During the Immigration Period of 1849-1890

YESSICA JI

Economics How Do COVID-19 Lockdowns Affect China’s Air Pollution and its Future Path? ANNIE JIANG

History Education and Transnational Subjectivity: Chinese Students in the United States, 1945-2000 LIRUI JIAO

Economics Looking at the Relationship between Investment Fluctuations and Economic Growth Fluctuations in China since Reform on both a National and Province Level


OMAR KAZMI

THEO MATTHEE-O'BRIEN

Political Science Dissident Networks in Online Spaces: Weak-Ties & High Risk Activism

Anthropology Writing Authority: What Does That Even Mean? DREW MCGINNIS

KEVIN KURAMOTO

Political Science Pulling the Donkey's Tail: Ideological Movement Following Battleground Primaries

History Radical and Moderate Thought between the League of Coloured Peoples and the Keys PAUL MOLAMPHY

JONATHAN LEDERMAN

History Human Rights as Politics: Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation in Post-dictatorship Chile (1990-98)

Anthropology: Linguistic Anthropology Orisha Traditions through YouTube: Virtual Interactions in Enduring Communities

REBECCA LEWIT

BODHI MOLINARY-KOPELMAN

History Treatise on the Aesthetic and Moral Context of Landscape Gardening: Adapted to the Northeast of America; with a View to the Improvement of City Parks

Political Science What Can We Owe Each Other: Political Realism vs Moral Idealism in International Relations

MICHAEL LIGAMARI

Economics The Digitization of Music and Market Effects: Two Eras

LAUREN MONDROSKI

History Out on the Trail: Queer Representations of Wilderness, Morality, and Fantasy, 1950-1979 ANAÏS MOUTARLIER

CHLOE LOMBARDO

Sociology Does Access to Technology Disrupt How Socio-Economic Status Structures Inequalities in Engagement with Health-Related Information and Services? ANTONIA MACNAUGHTON

Sociology Table Talk: Conversations About the Sabbath, Jewish Identity, and Group Affiliation JACK MADER

History The Parallel Process, Following the Precedent: Reconstruction in Tennessee APOORVA MANGIPUDI

History El silencio de la clase media: Argentina’s Middle Class and El Proceso de Reorganización, 19761983

History Soldiers of humanity: humanitarianism & Algerian sovereignty (1954-1962) PETER MULGREW

Economics Gender and Innovation in the US Patent System SOPHIE NARANJO-RIVERA

Sociology Started from the bottom now we're here: examining representations of black masculinity in popular music ANESU NDORO

Anthropology Family Matters: Black Conservatives and Political Belonging in the Republican Party


MAX NOBEL

LUCY SAGOO

Economics Tuition Dependent: Examining the Trade-off between International and Non-White Enrollment at American Higher Education Institutions

Political Science An Analysis of the Effectiveness of Native American Occupation Movements in the United States

DYLAN PARKER

Anthropology Tiki Culture: a Semiotic Structure, Historical Genealogy, and Collective Reflection of Drinking in Colonialism MATT PASSARELLI

Economics The Capitalization of Energy Efficiency in Home Sale Prices

TABIA SCHMIDT

Anthropology Settler Colonialism and Solidarity: An Exploration of Diasporic Kashmiri Activism MAYA SEIBER

History Engendering the Popish Plot: Visions of Women’s Purity and Sin During England’s Exclusion Crisis, 1678-81 JACOB SHAW

CARMEN PEREZ

Anthropology Salvem el Cabanyal: Resistance to Gentrification and Grassroots Organizing in Valencia's Maritime District ABBIGAIL LYN PETERSON

Political Science Toxic Politics: The Feedback Effects of Living Near a Superfund Site on Political Participation and Attitudes ABHI RAJSHEKAR

Political Science Constructing Subservience: Theorizing Citizenship Under the Incidence of State-Sponsored Violence JACK READER

History A Comparison Between Mass Media Responses to Pearl Harbor and 9/11

Political Science Negro Unification: Garveyism Reified Through Duboisian Political Philosophy LEILA SHOKAT

Anthropology In Our Hands: How Biologists Negotiate Unpredictability to Make and Share Knowledge NATHAN SMITH

History The Black Death and the Catholic Church: Catastrophe and Changing Modes of Thought in Late Medieval Europe DANIEL SPERTUS

Economics The Role of the State in Funding the Arts: An Evaluation of the Portland Arts Tax TRUDY VALENTINO

Anthropology Farewell, Forget, Remember: Arab Jewish Identity in America

History How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Study the Bomb: Intersections of Research, Containment, and Deterrence at the Nevada Test Site

MAYOU ROFFÉ

ANNA VOLZ

Economics Why Didn't We Think Of That? Inclusive survey methodologies and their application towards social programs

Sociology Finding a "Match": Student Support at Liberal Arts Colleges and the Community College Transfer

SKYLAND RICE


CADEN A. WAIT

History Strange Hopes Grow in Radiant Black Earth: From Chernobyl to Chornobyl SAM WILLIAMS-BARON

Economics Hot Jobs: Employment Flows and California Wildfires VICTORIA WOLF-LLOP

Sociology Diversity Talk: Issues of Representation and Inclusivity at the Portland Art Museum MING YAN

Sociology An Analysis of the Emergence of the Alternative Pet Food Industry YUXI ZHU

Economics Female Labor Force Participation Rate in East Asian Countries

Literature & Languages DASHIELL ALLEN

Spanish From Somos to Prosa plebeya: A Discussion of Sexual Politics in Argentina BRIAN BLUM

English Stories About Storytelling: An Analysis of the Power of the Spoken Word in Beowulf, its Capabilities, and its Presentation FIONA BRACKLEY

English THIS WAS OUR FIRST ARGUMENT LINDSEY CALDERON

English The Honor Principle: Examining Revenge Tragedies of Early Modern England ALLISON DENNIS

English An American Revelation: The Need for a Historical Reckoning in Tony Kushner's Angels in America PAULINE FLEMING

English An absurd idea OWEN R. HART

Comparative Literature For Here There Is No Place That Does Not See You: An Aesthetic Escape from the Abyss of Nihilism JORDAN HENNESSEE

English "Is this love to come from out there?": Self-love as an Act of Defiance in Adrienne Kennedy's Plays ISABEL LAFKY

English Queer Wests, From Cather to Proulx


GABRIELLE LAFRATTA

ALIZA PHILLIPS

English "What is your substance, whereof are you made?": Gender, Sex, Bodies, and Love in Frankenstein and FranKISStein

Comparative Literature Between the eye and the "I"

ETHAN AUSTIN LAMBRIGHT

English The Radical Doubt of the Four Branches of the Mabinogi SOROA LEAR

Comparative Literature Assembled and Undone: Bodies Beyond Subjection MISHA LERNER

Russian Trotsky Writes the Russian Revolution: The Symbol of the Explosion in Trotsky’s My Life and The History of the Russian Revolution, and its Meta-Symbolic Significance EMMA MCNEEL

Classics: Greek and Latin Language and Literature Conversing with Mute Ash: The Capacity of Classical Reception SARA METZGER

English Woman Divided: An Analysis of Dichotomous Female Archetypes in Dickens’ Great Expectations ALEX MORGAN

Comparative Literature Mirages and Mirrors: Reflections on Femininity, Masculinity, and Adolescence in Two Mid-QingDynasty Novels KYLE NASH

Classics: History and Archaeology of the Ancient Mediterranean De rerum repatrione, or On the Repatriation of Things FAYE PARKS

English “F***ed Up Beyond All Recognition”: The Challenge of Representing Trauma in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five and Bluebeard

BEN READ

Comparative Literature Toward a Poetics of Study ELLIOTT ROSENTHAL

Classics: Greek and Latin Language and Literature Agamemnon and Political Crisis in the Iliad CALEB SAUSSY

English Ars Memoria and Heteroglossia in Christine de Pizan’s Book of the City of Ladies EMMA SOUDERS

Comparative Literature Memory and identity in Aimé Césaire's Notebook of a return to the native land and Discourse on colonialism ELISE TANGEDAL

English Desire! Decay! Depravity!: Expressions of Decadence in Federico Fellini's Films of the 1960s SOFIA VALENCIA

English Say Tomorrow DREW VELTROP

English Meursalt's Linguistic Metamorphoses AIDAN WALKER

English On Online Lines: The Place of the Reader in Web 1.0 Electronic Literature SARAH SHANTI SETARAM WOLFE

Comparative Literature Putting the Lai in Layered: The Relevance of Postcolonial Hybridity to the Work of Marie de France


KEZIAH WONG

Comparative Literature In Your Dreams PATRICK WOODARD

Comparative Literature “Durch's Gebirg” Unity, Fragmentation, and Stimmung in Büchner’s Lenz MOLIERE XU

Comparative Literature Metatextuality, Enchantment and Imaginative Vision in Wu Mingyi’s The Stolen Bicycle, Magician in the Skywalk and “The Clouds Are Two Thousand Meters Up” ZACK YOUCHA

Russian On the Road to Recovery: Soviet Jewish Travelogues in a Thawing Landscape

Mathematics & Natural Sciences JACKSON S. ANDERSON

Physics Simulating Slow Light Propagation in an Electric Circuit FRANCIS BAER

Mathematics Adams Spectral Sequence Computations of BP<1> • BP<1> cooperations at Odd Primes KEES BENKENDORFER

Physics All-Orders Resummation of mMDT-Groomed Heavy Hemisphere Mass in ElectronPositron Annihilation AIDAN BERRYMAN

Chemistry Isolation of ZnuBC, a Zn(II) Transport Complex from Bacillus subtilis LENNY BLAIR

Biology Questioning Quirky Quercus: Examining Possible Oak Hybridization in Portland, OR. TYLER MICHAEL BORTEL

Physics Hydrogenic Hamiltonian Construction for Simulation on Quantum Hardware with Quantum Phase Estimation NAOMI BOSS

Mathematics: Statistics Hindsight is 2020: Evaluating a Presidential Election Forecasting Model During a Global Pandemic DELANEY L. BRUBAKER

Biology Can We Build a Framework for the Future of Sustainable Agriculture Knowledge? SOPHIA ROSE BRUNO

Biology Barren and Bored to Death: The Impacts of Genetics and Barren Environments on Asatotilapia burtoni


MITCHELL BURDORF

SIMON P. COUCH

Physics Analyzing Cosmological Evolution through n-body Simulation of Dark and Luminous Matter using ChaNGa

Mathematics: Statistics Tidy Model Stacking with R

RYEN BURRIS

Mathematics-Physics Modelling Vibration of Membranes Under Non-Uniform Tension SARAH BUTA

Chemistry Structural and Functional Exploration of the Mn(II) Transporter, “MntABC”, from Staphylococcus Aureus

EMILY CROOK

Biology Ecological Drought: Drought Ecology and Policy From The Ground Up ISADORA DEW DE CASTRO

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Validating the Retinoic Acid Responsiveness of nr6a1b and tshz1 in the Zebrafish Retina During Neurogenesis RY DENNIS

REILLY CANNON

Computer Science-Mathematics Differential Privacy: the Gap Statistic and the Mapper Algorithm

Biology Phylogeny and Selection on the Dihydroflavonol 4-Reductase Gene of Ranunculaceae

NICHOLAS CECIL

KATHERINE DESCANT

Mathematics Nets, Filters, and Convergence

Biology Cholinergic neuromodulation of the Xenopus vocal hindbrain circuit

NICK CHAIYACHAKORN

Mathematics Three Easy Pieces in Harmonic Analysis: Singular Integrals, the Hardy Space H1, and Boundedness Results

Chemistry The Effect of Sodium on Bitter Taste Receptors

SUSHRUTA CHANDRAMOULI

LIV DEPIES

Physics-Biology Fishing Forces: An Inquiry into the Role of Split Discs on Drosophila Cell Adhesion with Traction Force Microscopy

Biology Effect of Ca2+ on Synergistic Biodegradation of Polyethylene Terephthalate by a Pseudomonas and Bacillus Consortium

MAUD DIAS

ESTHER CHEN

LUKE DOMS

Physics Quantum Algorithm for Berry Phase Measurement

Mathematics A Geometric Interpretation of the Coefficients of the Standard Simplex's Ehrhart Polynomial

KYU YEON CHO

Mathematics: Statistics Integer programming methods and the fleet assignment problem EMMA COONEY

Chemistry Pipe for the Picking: Palladium Recovery and Quantification from Tailpipe Residue

KENDAL DRAGOTTO

Chemistry Exploratory Study of Portland Summer Protest Sites for Degradation Products and Secondary Pollutants of CS gas in Soil Samples and Respirator Cartridges


LIAM FARLEY

Chemistry Attempted Expression and Purification of ERα-LBD

ALFONSO GOMEZ VELASQUEZ

Physics The Modulation Tabulation

MARIE FAULKNER

CALIN GRIMM

Chemistry Here Ter B Dragons: Solubility Analysis of a Tellurium Resistance Protein in the Time of the Coronavirus

Chemistry Identifying and Quantifying Sources of Diesel Pollution in Portland, Oregon ZHENGYAO GU

BILLY FISH

Physics Tipping Points in ZeroDimensional Global Energy Balance Climate Models EVAN FRANCHERE

Mathematics Trust the Cones: Computing Diagonal Cartier Algebras of Affine Toric Varieties

Computer Science-Mathematics Selective Prediction: Training and Evaluation Methods ADDISON GUYNN

Chemistry Neutron Activation Analysis of an Insoluble Sample Containing Bismuth and Phosphorus By Liquid Scintillation Counting USMAN HAFEEZ

ALEX FU

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology An Investigation into the Mechanism of Transcription Activation of the Metalloregulator MntR LUJIA GAO

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology A Single-Step Method to Prepare Nitro Groups and Nitrate Esters using Metal Nitrates SEGOVIA MARINA GARCIA Y ATENCIO

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Cytoskeletal Regulation by the Gap Junction Forming Proteins Innexins LEO GARTNER

Chemistry Computational Investigation of Bimetallic Iridium-Ruthenium and Monometallic Iridium Formic Acid Dehydrogenation Catalysts SAM GINNETT

Physics A Random Walk through Quantum Field Theory: From the Harmonic Oscillator to Lattice QCD

Mathematics A1 Milnor Numbers OLIVIA HAGEN

Biology Proliferation in the zebrafish optic tectum as a function of visual input ALEXANDER CONFORTINI HARDY

Physics Parameter Optimization of a Passive-Error-Correcting Logical Qubit ANDREW RENE HARMAN

Biology Studying the Correlative Relationship Between Farm Practices and Mastitis Infections CASEY HARRIS

Computer Science Don’t Look Down: Interpreting Visual Information Using Celeste HANNAH HELLERSTEIN

Computer Science Where’s My Proton Pack?: Defending Against Spectre Variant 1


KAITLYN HEPP

NOAH KOSTER

Mathematics Rowmotion on Doppelgänger Pairs

Computer Science-Mathematics Neuronal Dynamics of the Action Potential: Spiking Behavior in the FitzHugh-Nagumo Model and others

DAVID HERRERO QUEVEDO

Computer Science Implementation of Local Differentially Private Protocols for Linear Queries BRENHAM HOOPER

Mathematics: Statistics Classifying Types of Young Stars Using Supervised Machine Learning

THÉO PHILIPPE LAVIER

Mathematics-Physics A First Look at Rate Induced Tipping JIARONG LI

Computer Science-Mathematics Complex Network Comparison Using Graphlets

AARON HUANG

Chemistry Kinetic Studies of TerpeneDerived Hydroxynitrates MATTHEW HWANG

Physics The Whole World and You: Toying With Physics on a Flat Earth TAYLA ISENSEE

Biology Expansion of Sex-Biased Conserved Gene Calling with Orthogroups MAXIMILIAN JENNINGS

Chemistry Lunar Volatiles: A Review and Synthesis CHUNXI JI

Computer Science-Mathematics Universal Approximation and Interpolation in Neural Networks ALEXANDER JOHN

Biology The Research into Growth Conditions Optimal for Both Bacterial and Enzymatic Activity LIZZY KNIGHT

Chemistry Quantifying the Effects of Hydrogen Bonding on the Protonolysis of Dimethyl (1,5cyclooctadiene) Platinum (II) by Trifluoroacetic Acid with Density Functional Theory

YILIN LI

Computer Science-Mathematics What If English Had No Spaces? Investigating the Challenges of NLP for Character-Based Languages MUXI LIU

Physics A Door to Quantum Gravity: The Black Hole Information Paradox YILIAN LIU

Physics Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance of Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond VIOLA LUM

Physics Reinventing the Wheel: Rotational Rigidity under Relativity SARAH KINGSLAND MAEBIUS

Mathematics: Statistics Statistical Learning Methods for Tree Classification using Remote Sensing Imagery PETER MARCUS

Mathematics Computing the Henselization of a Valued Field ADDISON MCALISTER

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology A Novel Synthetic Pathway to Nitro and Nitrate Ester Compounds Using Metal Nitrates


KIKI MCBRIDE

KACEY OTTENBACHER

Mathematics Klein Has Me in Stitches! (An Exploration of Mathematical Constructions of the Klein Quartic and Creation of Analogous Crochet Models)

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Characterization of Ter C a Putative Membrane Protein

MALCOLM MCCARTHY

Physics An apparatus for measuring large scale cosmic ray anisotropy through water Cherenkov muon detection ROBERT MCCAULL

Computer Science Session Types for a Concurrent Language sNow BEN MCCORMICK

Biology DNA Barcoding of Entoloma Subgenus Leptonia: Towards a Phylogenetic Species Concept

RICHARD PHAM

Computer Science-Mathematics Graph reconfiguration in the context of permutation routing KAI PINCKARD

Computer Science Causal Relation Extraction: a Three Step Process ELI POPPELE

Computer Science Do Algorithms Dream in Electric Sleep? Using Genetic Algorithms to Train Neural Networks to Play Atari Video Games on RAM-Based Input GARRETT TOWNSEND PRICE

Chemistry Adding Nitro and Nitrate Esters to Alcohols and Phenols Using Metal Nitrates

Biology Feeling the Burn: Investigating the Impacts of Prescribed Fire on the Long Term Hydraulic Vulnerability of Trees at Sycan Marsh Preserve

ASA MCNAUGHTON

LILIAN QI

Physics Monte Carlo Particle-In-Cell Simulation of a Magnetically Shielded Grid Fusion Reactor

Computer Science On Generating Stylized Line Drawings from Polygonal Models

HANNAH MCFADDEN

WEIHANG QIN HANNAH SOPHIE ELISABETH MEIER

Biology Phytoplankton on the Go! Understanding the effect of thermal acclimation on the movement strategies of the green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii ALAN MOORE

Mathematics Inference on Latent Structure Random Graphs: Context, Theory and Applications QUINN B. MORGAN

Physics Exploring Bistability in a Driven Time-delay System with an Electronic Circuit

Computer Science-Mathematics Raymarching Hyperbolic Geometry MATHIS RICHARDS

Biology Still got it in you?: Effects of multi-generational captivity on social and endocrinological function in male Astatotilapia burtoni DANNY RISO

Computer Science Building a Taxonomy from the Wikipedia Category Graph


MAXWELL ROSENBERG

MARGARET ANNE SLEIN

Computer Science Odd One Out: Learning Taxonomic Embeddings from WordNet

Biology Mean temperature, fluctuation magnitude, and level of biological organization affect biological responses amidst thermal variability: a meta-analysis

TYLER SALAZAR

Biology A pcaK gene knockout in Pseudomonas sp. 9.2 may inhibit the uptake of Terephthalic Acid (TPA) HENRY SCHEFFER

ASHER SMITH

Biology Size and temperature: An ecology of phytoplankton in a changing world

Biology Love in the Age of Plastics: Elucidation and Improvement of PET Biodegradation by a Bacterial Consortium

Biology Estimating Somatic Mutation Rates in Daphnia magna

ISAAC SCHUMAN

ARYEH STAHL

Biology How does the timing of spatial variation in temperature impact Chlamydomonas reinhardtii populations?

Computer Science-Mathematics A Generalized Approach to Graph De-anonymization

TAYLOR SEDOO

Mathematics Exposing Chaos: Attracting Differences

ELI SOBEL

ALEXANDER B. STRIFF

Physics Relaxation for an Open System of Interacting Spins JONATHAN TAKAGI

Chemistry Towards the Synthesis of Novel Anti-Toxoplasma Quinolones

Computer Science Evaluating Multiparty Computation Techniques for Fuzzy Matching of Voter Registration Records

HRISHEE SHASTRI

DAVID TAMAS-PARRIS

Computer Science-Mathematics Cutting the Chord: Interleaved and Demand-Aware Skip Graphs

Computer Science-Mathematics Elliptic Curves Aren't Secure? SIKE!

TIMOTHY SHINNERS

ALI TAQI

Mathematics: Statistics Modelling Mount Rainier’s Volcanic Event Sequence

Mathematics: Statistics Spectral Statistics of Random Matrices

LEILA SIEGEL-ZIGMUND

MEREDITH THEUS

Physics Measuring Carrier Lifetime in Thin-Film Solar Cells: A Comparison of Two Techniques

Biology Interactive Effects of Temperature and Bisphenol A on Phytoplankton Growth, Community Structure, and Bioremediation Capacity

JOSIE SEREBIN-STROMBERG


RUTH VALSQUIER

SENTA GISELLE WIEDERHOLT

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Optimizing HPLC-MS Conditions for Flavonoid Identification: The Path to Understanding Delphinium Flavonoid Expression in Novel Tissue Types

Biology The effects of chronic bisphenol (BPA, BPF, and BPS) exposure on endocrine- related gene expression in Daphnia magna

SOPHIA VARADY

Biology Dust, Dye, Diluent or Drugs... Who is the Real Cancer Killer? A Cellular Investigation of 24 Novel SERMs in Breast Cancer Treatment JAMES VESTO

Chemistry The Forest in the Clouds: Investigating the Fate of Atmospherically Relevant Organic Nitrate Esters with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy IAN WAHBE

Computer Science-Mathematics Improvements to the Heuristic Rural Postman Problem DANIEL WANG

Mathematics Diagrammatic Algebras to Describe the Endomorphism Algebra of $\mathfrak{gl}_n$Modules RILEY WAUGH

Mathematics Regularity Theory of Degenerate Elliptic Partial Differential Equations SHANNON WELLS-MORAN

Biology Testing Bark Uptake in S. sempervirens and P. menziesii: Does the Theory Hold Water? GRAYSON WHITE

Mathematics: Statistics A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach to Small Area Estimation of Forest Attributes

REBECCA XIE

Physics Turbulence and Its Affect on Star Formation in Galaxy NGC 524 MATTHEW YANCHEFF

Mathematics Statistical Inference on Brownian Motion with Drift LUCAS YONG

Computer Science-Mathematics An Exploration of Topological Quantum Computation LAURA YOSHIDA

Computer Science Insights from Applying Readability Formulas to Computer Systems Papers RODGER ZHANG

Physics Model of Length Contraction ZEHUI ZHAO

Physics Converse Symmetry Breaking in Two Models


Philosophy, Religion, Psychology & Linguistics

DANI COREA

Psychology Emotional Awareness and Emotional Tone: Temperamental Weather

JESSE ATKIN

Psychology The Effects of Political Partisanship on Selective Exposure RAINES BAKER

Psychology COVID-19 and Resilience in a Sample of Yoga Practitioners KIRA BECK

Psychology Pediatric Health Experiences and Long-Term Trust in Authority AUGUST BICKET

Linguistics A Case of Mistaken Identity: An investigation of semanticallymotivated argument marking in Meitei JAMIE BLACKWELL

Psychology The Relationship Between Authoritarian Parenting and General-Self Efficacy and WellBeing during College: The Role of SES and Perceived Normativeness ANDREA BRYANT

Linguistics Beyond they/them: A typology of nonbinary pronoun and agreement innovation

NAIM CURRIMJEE

Psychology Do plants learn? Assessing associative and non-associative learning in the Mimosa pudica plant LILI DAVIS

Psychology Cops Just Doing Their Jobs: Victim Framing of Media Representations of Police Violence NAOMI FASTOVSKY

Religion Speaking-Back: A circulatory history of Yiguandao ELISE GARRISON

Psychology Gender Identity and Belongingness on Adult MixedGender Sports Teams MAXIMILIAN HALPERIN

Psychology Psychedelic Panacea: Investigating Influence of 5-HT2A Receptor Activity on Cocaine Condition Place Preference KYLA HAYWORTH

Psychology Maternal Cocaine Addiction and the Effects on Parenting Behavior

JAGANNATH CADAMBI

Philosophy Wittgenstein's Private Language Argument and Kripkenstein's Skeptical Paradox

XINGANG HE

Religion Studies on Fang Yizhi: Sketches of a Chinese Intellectual in Tumultuous Time

TIFFANY CHANG

Linguistics A Mouse Bravely Dancing in the Rain: A Study of Third Tone Sandhi Production Among Asian Mandarin Heritage Speakers

URSULA HIRSCHI

Religion American Dakinis: Understanding the Encounter between Western Feminism and Tibetan Buddhism


SEBASTIAN LINCK HOGNESS

MARGARITA MELNIKOVA

Linguistics BAG/BEG/BAGEL: Beyond the West Coast?: Examining Pre-/g/ Movement and Merger in Arizona, Idaho and Utah

Philosophy That's Ancient History, been there, Done that: Moving Forward from the Problem of Dirty Hands PAUL MITCHELL

MAYA JENSEN

Psychology State-of-Emergency Studies: Sex, Drugs, and Stress in the Time of the Coronavirus MAXWELL KANTER

Psychology Exploring and Understanding K-12 Teachers’ Motivation to Innovate During COVID-19 CHRISTY LEI

Psychology Labeling emotions in a native and foreign language: An ERP study on emotion regulation in bilinguals via affect labeling TEDDY LINDBERG

Religion Religious and Racial Inheritance in White Racialist Paganism VICTORIA LIU

Psychology Examining Trajectories of Academic Motivation Across Four College Years: A Longitudinal, Mixed-Methods Approach NARA MARKOWITZ

Psychology Exploring Multilingual Clients’ Experience with Language Use In and Outside of Psychotherapy ADRIEN MATHIEUX

Psychology The Effects of Distinction and Color Congruence on Incidental Memory NALANI MCFADDEN

Linguistics Ghost Ride the Shift: African American English and Low Back Merger Shift in the East San Francisco Bay Area

Linguistics The Null Complement bǎ Construction JORDAN MOYES

Psychology Charisma and Group Membership as Predictors of Persuasion and Engagement ALEENA ORTÍZ

Religion The Transnational Eco-Religiosity of Hayao Miyazaki: The International Impact of Anime on Postmodern Religion CATHERINE ELAINE OWEN

Psychology Exploring Attitudes towards Sex Work MARIA ANTOINETTE PANOPOULOS

Psychology The Effect of Labels on Recognition of Visual Objects of Two Categories JOHN PETRINOVICH

Philosophy Justice in War: Can an Unjust War be Fought Justly? SARAH POLLOCK

Philosophy Monkeys and Morality: Narrowing the Puzzle of Imaginative Resistance MADHAV VENUNARAYAN PULLE

Psychology How Appropriate is “Appropriate”? Views of Students, Faculty, and Staff on Disability Accommodations Based on Type of Disability


SAGE SCHWARTZ

JESSICA YANG

Psychology Navigating the Pandemic with ADHD: Investigating the Relationship between ADHD, Executive Function, and Physical Activity

Psychology Coping with COVID-19 at Reed: Evaluating individual and community strategies

NEMO SHEN

Linguistics Go small or go big, there is no in-between: Mandarin-English Speakers’ Grammar Preferences in Code-switching LUKE STILWELL

Psychology Investigating how consistently applied verbal labels affect flavor perception and discrimination SAVANNA SULC

Psychology Meditation’s Effect on Emotion Processing and Regulation: An ERP Study ESPEN SWANSON

Philosophy Engineering Identity: Ameliorative Social Construction of Human Kind Concepts HANNAH TUTT

Religion Faith and Prophetic Activism XIAOTIAN WANG

Linguistics Diphthongization of Shanghainese /e/ under the Influence of Language Contact with Mandarin DYLAN RANDALL WONG

Psychology Life Course Models of Child Maltreatment: Effects on General Psychopathology Outcomes in a Longitudinal Sample YUE XI

Philosophy The Epistemic Uncanny

CICI YIN

Psychology "I’m the Real Victim”: Self-Victim Framing and Perceptions of Sexual Assault


Interdisciplinary SHISHAM ADHIKARI

Mathematics-Economics Inequality in Ramsey Growth Model with Heterogeneous Rates of Return: Are rich getting higher returns on investment than poor? DEIRDRE BAKER

International and Comparative Policy Studies: Political Science Between a Rock and a Hard Place KAYLEIGH BANGS

Philosophy-Mathematics This Thesis is Indeducible: Approaches for Justifying the Consistency of Peano Arithmetic After Gödel JOSH BRETTHAUER

Environmental Studies: Political Science All About the Green: A Narrative Policy Framework Approach to Economic vs. Environmental Tradeoffs at the Executive Level ETHAN BRISLEY

American Studies: Sociology On the Road Again: Roadtrips, Personhood, and National Identity for Young White Americans EMA LIRIA CHOMSKY

Environmental Studies: History Pigs and Plantation: US Environmental Interventions in Haiti in the Twentieth Century ROSE COLE-COHEN

Anthropology-Dance Jew~ish? Embodied Constructions of Jewishness in American Ashkenazi Zionism ASHLEE COOK

Neuroscience Incubation of Cocaine Craving Following Limited vs. Unlimited Intermittent Access Cocaine SelfAdministration in Female Rats

OLIVIA DAO

Neuroscience Optogenetic Investigation of Dopamine and Ghrelin Interactions on Feeding Behaviors NEBIYAT D. ESUBALEW

Neuroscience A Potential Role for Neurotensin in the Mouthbrooding Cichlid Astatotilpia burtoni PIXIE FREEMAN

Environmental Studies: Political Science Measuring the Efficacy of Elementary Climate Change Education ISABEL DIAS HOFF

Environmental Studies: Biology Effects of Drought, Air Pollution, and Socio-Environmental Vulnerability on Portland Green Roofs GENYUAN HU

Neuroscience Change in GFAP Expression as a Consequence of the Disconnection Between Zebrafish Retina and Optic Tectum IAN JACKSON

Computer Science-Psychology A Novel BCI System for 3D Shape Imagery Classification MYKAL KELLY

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies: Anthropology The Political Legacy of Walter Rodney in Guyana: Generational Perpetuation of Political Ideology JONAH KOHN

Computer Science-Neuroscience The Recursive Application of Biological and Artificial Neural Networks: Towards an Understanding of Both NATALIE A. LASKO

Anthropology-Religion 4chan and Islamophobia


JONATHAN LI

GREGORY POST

Mathematics-Economics Simulating Repeated Coalition Formation under Uncertainty

Environmental Studies: Economics Hedonic Valuation of Disappeared Streams in Portland, Oregon

EVA LICHT

Biology-Theatre Rehearsing Reality: An Investigation into Split Discs, Cell Migration, and the Power of Forum Theatre

EMMETT ISAIAH POWERS

Environmental Studies: History Unearthing the Ecosystem Concept in the Atomic Age CONNIE PULLAN

CLAUDIO MALAGRINO

Neuroscience What Makes a Matrix: a Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Extracted Neuronal ECM

Environmental Studies: Biology The Double-Edged Sword Asparagopsis: The environmental risks of Asparagopsis aquaculture associated with attempts to lower rumen methane production

ANDREY MARSAVIN

Environmental Studies: Chemistry Oxidized Nitrogen in Wildfire Smoke at Mt. Bachelor Observatory NINA AMIRA MATTHEWS

Sociology-Spanish Tearing Down the Wall: Volunteer Discourse in Relation to Gloria Anzaldúa’s Theory of the U.S.Mexico Border

LAUREN RABE

Environmental Studies: Economics Does Presentation Matter? An Analysis of Text vs. Images in a Choice Experiment of Green Roofs LUX RADETSKY

Neuroscience How Does Grammatical Gender Affect Object Concepts? A Critical Test of Alternative Mechanisms

CELIA MORELL-BORGSTROM

Environmental Studies: Biology Fire Refugia Formation in Old-Growth Forests of the west Cascades and Klamath Ecoregions from 2010-2018

BIJAY RAI

Mathematics-Economics On Track: Access to Improved Road Network and Poverty Alleviation in Mid and Far Western Nepal

NATALIE MURPHY

Environmental Studies: History Musical Memories of Nature in the Dust Bowl and Great Migration

YUFENG REN

Mathematics-Economics Casino Revenue and Life Quality in Macau

RUBY MAE NOVAK

JESSENYA LISSETTE SALINAS

Environmental Studies: Biology Remote Sensing of Tree Health Under Drought Conditions in Portland, OR

Neuroscience The Effect of Naltrexone on Low- and High-Drinkers in CueInduced Reinstatement of Alcohol

EVIAN OOSTHUIZEN

NOAH SJOBLOM

Environmental Studies: Economics Tax Swap: Replacing a State Tax on Electricity Sales with a Carbon Tax

Neuroscience A Biopsychosocial Interpretation of Addiction: A Meandering Review


ADA SPRENGELMEYER

CARTER WILLIAMS

International and Comparative Policy Studies: Political Science A Social Network Analysis of International Climate Initiatives Before and After the Paris Climate Agreement

Neuroscience Stress hormone response to environmental changes in two species of African clawed frogs

AISLIN SKYE LIGHTER STEILL

Environmental Studies: Political Science In the Red: Social vulnerability and western redcedar dieback in Portland's urban forest KAIA TUROWSKI

Environmental Studies: Political Science A Poisoned Paradise: How Businesses Behave Under California's Toxics Law, Proposition 65

OLEK WOJCIK

Mathematics-Economics Higher Education Responses to COVID-19 STELLA WROBLEWSKI

Neuroscience Isolating Potential Neural Correlates of Consciousness by Analyzing Pattern Perception Thresholds

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies

JOULES VACA

Environmental Studies: Chemistry Sunny Yellow Outlook SONIA VARAH

American Studies: English Standing Up and Speaking Out: An Analysis of American Female Stand-up Comedians Confronting Social and Political Issues Through Humor MATT HAORAN WAN

Economics-Psychology Bayesian Econometric Analysis of Individual Spending, Labor Supply, and Deferred Consumption in a LaboratoryBased Token Economy CAROLINE ELIZABETH WEISS

Environmental Studies: History Radium Land: Radioactivity and Superfund in 20th Century Orange, New Jersey STERLING WHITE

Environmental Studies: Political Science Agents of Change: A Comparison of Federal Bureaucratic Behavior on Sustainability and Climate Change between the Obama and Trump Administrations

MARY LOU ANDERSON

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies A Cracker Jack of a Corporation: How Candy Covered Popcorn Influenced America LYNETTE YETTER

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies Domination and Justice in the Allegorical Story “La reunión de ayer” by Adela Zamudio (18541928), Bolivia


A Note on the Beginnings of Reed College & Commencement In the late 1800s, the Reverend Thomas Lamb Eliot suggested to two of his parishioners, Oregon pioneers Simeon and Amanda Reed, that they use their wealth for the betterment of society. He urged them to found “a Reed Institute of lectures and arts and music and museum.” In 1908, with contributions from Simeon and Amanda’s estate after their deaths, a board of trustees led by Eliot established the Reed Institute in Portland, Oregon. Reed College began its first classes in 1911 with 50 students—26 men and 24 women—and 15 faculty members. As an innovative experiment to restore relevancy to the liberal arts in an age dominated by science and industry, Reed sought neither the size and specialization of the university nor the intercollegiate athletics and elaborate social life that had become standard at many private colleges. Under the inspiration and guidance of Reed’s founding president, William Trufant Foster, the college set out to build a democratic community without regard for nationality, gender, religion, race, or class. No fundamental distinctions were made between students and faculty in what was called “the quest for truth.” Students were expected to do original work in a major subject area—the senior thesis. A principle of honor governed all aspects of campus life. Reed held its first commencement ceremony in 1915, for which President Foster conferred degrees on the back steps of Eliot Hall. In the last few decades, the college has usually invited a notable graduate to give the commencement address; recent alumni commencement addresses have been given by Kathleen Saadat ’74, Igor Vamos ’90, Jennifer Ferenstein ’88, Robert Smith ’89, Larry Sanger ’91, and Michelle Nijhuis ’96. For over a hundred years Reed has remained steadfast in its belief in the intrinsic value of rigorous scholarship, the joy of serious intellectual pursuit, and the essential role of community in the development of knowledge.

A Note on Academic Regalia Academic regalia worn at commencement reveal different types of academic achievement through the use of different styles and colors of gowns and hoods. The bachelor’s gown has a long pointed sleeve; the master’s is a long closed sleeve with a slit at the elbow; and the doctor’s is a very full, bell-shaped sleeve with the bands matching the color of the gown opening. The hoods are lined in the official color of the institution that conferred the degree, although the bachelor’s hood is rarely used. The colored velvet binding in the hoods indicates the academic area in which the degree was earned—white for liberal arts, yellow for science, purple for law, red for theology, green for medicine, and blue for philosophy.