ijm 2008 Annual Report
international justice mission
5 · About us 6 · Letter from IJM CEO 8 · Highlights 9 · Board Members 10 · Illegal Land Seizure 12 · Illegal Detention 14 · Bonded Slavery 16 · Un-prosecuted Rape 18 · Sex Trafficking 20 · Police Brutality 22 · Statements of Activity and Financial Position 24 · Thank You
The opposite of love is not hate, it’s indifference. The opposite of art is not ugliness, it’s indifference.
The opposite of faith is not heresy, it’s indifference.
And the opposite of life is not death, it’s indifference. elie wiesel, holocaust survivor
About Us · 3
“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing” – Edmund Burke
f course, indifference can be tempting– more than that, seductive. It is so much easier to look away from victims. It is so much easier to avoid such rude interruptions to our work, our dreams, our hopes. It is, after all, awkward, troublesome, to be involved in another person’s pain and despair. Yet, for the person who is indifferent, his or her neighbor are of no consequence. And, therefore, their lives are meaningless. Their hidden or even visible anguish is of no interest. Indifference reduces the other to an abstraction. International Justice Mission refuses to be indifferent. ijm is a human rights agency that secures justice for victims of slavery, sexual exploitation, and other forms of violent oppression. ijm lawyers, investigators, and aftercare professionals work with local officials to ensure immediate victim rescue and aftercare, to prosecute perpetrators and to promote functioning public justice systems.
4 · Letter from out ceo
Dear Friends, Holocaust survivor Elie Weisel once said, “to remain silent and indifferent is the greatest sin of all.” At International Justice Mission, we have taken this to heart and have let it affect our lives. This has not made our lives easier, but it has saved the lives of others. I have seen my colleagues confront violent forces of oppression. They have endured death threats and violent assaults; they have been mugged at knife-point, punched, kidnapped, beaten, and attacked by mobs. One might reasonably ask: “What is ijm fighting against – and is it really worth it?” It is a question worth asking. ijm is trying to address a unique and very specific problem. At ijm, we address the problem of aggressive human violence, which lies at the root of much suffering in the world today. The widow’s children are hunger because the violent and powerful have stolen her land, and she can no longer grow her own food. The child is homeless because sexual abuse in the home has forced her into the streets. The young boy is illiterate because he is held as a slave in a brick factory and cannot go to school. The teenage girl has aids because she has been forcibly infected while held captive in a brothel. The familiar remedies of food, shelter, schools, and medicine are urgent, but they do not address the root cause of aggressive violence – the indefensible abuse of the vulnerable by those more powerful. Over the past decade, we have learned some important lessons. We have learned that ijm’s casework model is effective to reduce victimization and violence, and we are honoring our mission to build functioning public justice systems where the poor need them most. We have learned that, in reality, violence against the poor is not driven by the overwhelming power of the perpetrators – it is driven by the utter vulnerability of the victims. We have seen that if you give the poor a strong, consistent advocate who will not go away, the oppressor will simply leave them alone. Everyday, ijm staff see with their own eyes that violence can be stopped with support from people of good will. And we have learned from thousands of victims we serve that, without question, it is worth it. At ijm, we realize that if we do not work to stop the abusers, oppressors, and other violent forces we are empowering them. We invite you to join us in stopping the horrid evils around us. We invite you to overcome indifference, to let the injustice in the lives of those we do not personally know move you into action. May you be moved from indifference to compassion and love, faith and life, and, most of all, to make a difference.
Letter from our ceo · 5
There are countless opportunities to get involved. ijm hosts many fund-raising events which can be attended by any interested individual. Volunteers are also needed to help with fundraising events and to raise awareness in their communities and churches. There are also opportunities to get involved with ijm’s Justice Champaigns. ijm’s Justice Campaigns serve to mobilize a response in support of u.s. Government policies that help to build sustainable justice systems abroad that respond to violent crimes against the poor. Involvement is also possible through prayer. Prayer plays a vital role in ijm’s work, as the vehicle through which ijm staff draw courage, seek guidance and give thanks. Prayer partners stand alongside ijm by committing to support the vision and work of the organization to prayer. To get more information about any of these opportunities, visit our web site at ijm.org. Every day, ijm staff see with their own eyes that violence can be stopped with support from people of good will. And we have learned from thousands of victims we serve that, without question, it is worth it. I am pleased to share with you highlights from our work in 2007 and thank you for your faithful support.
Gary A. Haugen ceo & president International Justice Mission
6 · Highlights
2008 Highlights In 2008, ijm began work on a ground breaking project funded by The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to study the impact of ijm’s casework model on the number of trafficked children. At the end of the five-year grant period, ijm will have produced and tested a successful model to significantly reduce the trafficking of minors in a target area that may be tailored and replicated by governments and other organizations. • IJM secures relief for 894 victims of violence and oppression, facilitates citizenship documentation granting new legal rights for 2,100 and trains more than 4,000 people on the local laws that impact their lives.
• IJM addresses more than 10,000 church leaders at Catalyst Conference and raises consciousness of modern slavery and other human rights violations for thousands of individuals through U.S. and international speaking engagements.
• IJM works with local authorities to secure the arrest of 166 suspects and the conviction of 41 perpetrators.
• IJM testifies before U.S. Senate regarding human trafficking and slavery.
• IJM undercover investigators collect evidence leading to the capture and conviction of many sexual predators, including two Americans who traveled to Cambodia specifically to abuse children.
• IJM opens new offices in Asia, Africa and Latin America, and transitions offices in Guatemala and Zambia to leadership by national lawyers; more than 66% of IJM staff are nationals of the countries in which they work.
• IJM intervention facilitates the release of 200 slaves, who receive official government release certificates ensuring their freedom.
• IJM hires 98 staff in 2006 and fills key leadership positions in aftercare, government relations, communications, legal and investigations.
• IJM launches the IJM Institute, a community of leaders dedicated to educating and equipping the global Church to take action against injustice.
• IJM Zambia initiates a program of mobile legal clinics in community centers, establishing sites residents can visit to receive legal advice.
• IJM continues to address students, reaching more than 20,000 students at Inter Varsity’s Urbana Missions Conference and growing the presence of Campus Chapters campuses to 123.
• IJM’s Loose Change to Loosen Chains campaign mobilizes students to collect loose change, raising $30,000.
• IJM staff member is recognized nationally as one of 50 visionaries under 40 positively impacting the world through faith (Relevant Books).
• IJM’s integral role in the capture of international fugitive Terry Smith is profiled on NBC’s The Today Show; IJM is featured by The Associated Press, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Newsweek, FOX News, and America’s Most Wanted.
Board Members 路 7
Board Members Dr. Steve Hayner, Columbia Theological Seminary Jacquelline Cobb Fuller, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation David Grizzle, Continental Airlines Gary Haugen, International Justice Mission Amy Low, Greer Margolis Mitchell, Burns & Associates Dr. Gordon Matheson, Stanford University Laurent Mbanda, Compassion International Ruth Padilla de Borst, Christian Reformed World Mission Dan Raines, Creative Trust, Inc. Ivan Raskino, Valley of Praise Arthur Reimers, Private Investor Renee Stearns, Attorney Malcolm Street, Elderly Care Inc. William Younger, Jr., Sutter Hill Ventures
Board of Advisors Hon. Frank R. Wolf, Member of Congress Michael Cassidy, African Enterprise Rev. Joseph Eldridge, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights Colleen Townsend Evans, Author Dr. Leighton Ford, Leighton Ford Ministries Dr. Robert M. Franklin, Interdenominational Theological Center Curt Goering, Amnesty International Dr. Paul McKaughan, Evangelical Fellowship of Mission Agencies Dr. Richard Mouw, President, Fuller Seminary Dr. John Orme, Interdenominational Foreign Mission Association Dr. John Perkins, Christian Community Development Association Martin S. Rendon, u.s. Committee for unicef Kenneth Roth, Human Rights Watch Dr. Ronald Sider, Evangelicals for Social Action Dr. Johan Van Der Vyver, Emory University Dr. Ralph Winter, u.s. Center for World Missions
Irene recently gave a donation to IJM. Her $11 gift was equivalent to one week’s wages in her village and was a significant sacrifice for a woman who was without a home and means of livelihood only months ago. When Irene’s husband Mwelwa died last summer, his brother took on the role of the will administrator. Irene was left with only about twenty percent of the death benefits to which she was entitled. Irene was a victim of land grabbing. So, what would possess a woman like Irene to give a week’s wages to help other orphans and widows? On May 17th, 2005, after a discussion with IJM lawyers, the High Court signed an order allowing Irene her legal rights to the money and property that she and her husband had shared. In Irene’s own words from a letter she sent with her donation she said, “If it were not for you they would have killed me. I used to think I was alone, but God worked through you. Continue doing the work you are doing.”
Seek Justice: Illegal Land Seizure Illegal land seizure is the grabbing or acquiring of land either forcefully or illegally without any land titles or agreement between the rightful landowner and the person taking over the land, generally in-laws, relatives, communities or government officials.
Illegal Land Seizure · 9
In Zambia, property rights are often a matter of life and death. With the aids pandemic generating more orphans and widows each day, more and more women and children are vulnerable to those who would abuse their positions of power to take from the weak. Venus Soko lived in a shanty compound on the outskirts of Lusaka with her husband Wositeni, her five children and stepson Samson. The family pulled together a meager income from four stalls they owned at the local market selling chicken and other wares. Venus and Wositeni had already lost two children when Wositeni died, leaving Venus and their remaining three children alone. Following Wositeni’s death, Samson took control over the market place stalls, cutting off the sole source of income for Venus and her children. Venus was left with no way to provide for her children or herself and the third of her five children died from malnutrition. Venus visited ijm after hearing about its work from the local ywca. By this time, one of Venus’ two remaining children suffered from such severe malnutrition that he could no longer walk. After Venus explained her situation to an ijm attorney, Samson was summoned to a meeting. At the meeting, he promised to return the stalls to Venus; however, he had no intention of keeping his promise Upon realizing that Samson had lied, ijm staff took him to court. About four months after Venus first walked into ijm’s office, a court order was signed to return the market stalls to her by the protection of the law. This secured an opportunity for Venus to provide income for herself and her surviving children. Today, Venus and her sons live in the same home and run her two legally owned stalls at the market. Though her eight-year-old son is now crippled due to the malnutrition of nearly a year without income, he no longer fears death because his mother is able to earn a living and bring home food for her children. In 2007, the Zambia office was able to secure the property of widows and orphans in 60 cases, many of whom faced situations like the one Venus endured. In Zambia, Uganda and Honduras, ijm continues to expand its casework to secure property rights of families in their greatest time of need.
The Facts • As of 2001, 21.5 percent of Zambian adults were HIV positive. In addition, the country has the world’s highest AIDS orphan rate - children who have lost one or both parents to HIV/AIDS. The overwhelming presence of AIDS in Sub- Saharan Africa perpetuates the problem of illegal land seizure. (aidsandafrica.com) • In Uganda, only 5 percent of the land occupied by nationals has a land title. This makes it especially difficult for widows to secure their right to their family land. • According to Human Rights Watch, Kenyan women constitute 80 percent of the agricultural labor force and provide 60 percent of farm income, yet own only 5 percent of the land. What IJM Does IJM works with local authorities to provide protection for widows and orphans by enforcing the country’s own laws and providing advocacy to those who are being abused. In addition to providing legal relief and rescue in land-grabbing cases for those who can not afford legal assistance, IJM partners with local ministries to provide aftercare for women and children who have become widows and orphans in the wake of the AIDS pandemic.
Seek Justice: Illegal Detention Illegal detention occurs when people are arbitrarily arrested or imprisoned without charge or trial for an indefinite amount of time by authorities seeking to either extort money or land or to silence their victims. Without a voice, these prisoners disappear into the prison system and suffer torture, disease, malnutrition and abuse.
Illegal Detention · 11
We each have our own great hopes and dreams for next year. But, for many victims of injustice and oppression hopes and dreams are more than elusive. How do we give them hope for their future in the face of such painful circumstances? Billy is the eldest of 11 children. His mother, a laundry woman whose earnings are not even enough to support one child, placed on Billy’s tiny shoulders the responsibility of putting food on the table. His family had not had anything to eat for days. Billy is only 13 years old; barely four feet tall. For a can of luncheon meat taken in the height of desperation, 13-year-old Billy was detained in municipal jail for several days. He shared a crowded prison cell with over 120 adult criminals, many of whom had been accused of rape and murder. The jail’s filthy condition is unbearable even for the most hardened criminal. Christmas came early to Billy. In September of last year, ijm intervened on his behalf. We visited Billy in his prison cell and listened to his pleas. We searched for the person who filed the case against him and then explained Billy’s situation. And then the miracle happened– the complainant dropped the charges and Billy was set free! There are many children like Billy who are thrown and forgotten in a squalid prison cell. They are children. They should be playing in the warmth of a loving home. Let us pray that this year will bring them the greatest gift - the joy of childhood, which had been so harshly taken away from them. It is a pleasure to be a part of the International Justice Mission family and to bring hope to the hopeless.
The Facts • In the spring of 2002, 50 percent of 1,700 detainees in an Ethiopian prison had been there for five to 10 years, many without charge (African Commitments to Human Rights: A Review of Eight NEPAD Countries). • Of the 13,300 cases involving children accused of crimes in the Philippines in 2002, 4,544 children had already been jailed and many were held illegally in adult prisons without trial in the first quarters of 2003. At least 36 children are detained each day (Public Attorney’s office in the Philippines). • In 2003 it was estimated that 41.4 percent of South Africa’s prisoners were infected with HIV due to subhuman prison conditions, overcrowding, violence and sexual assault (The Institute for Security Systems). What IJM Does IJM receives case referrals and sends investigators to interview witnesses, review court documents and gather evidence to confirm a victim’s innocence and to verify illegal detention. IJM presents the evidence to a judge in order to secure the victim’s release from jail, as well as appropriate aftercare for the victim. Rashid is a 17-year-old boy accused of selling stolen goods. Rashid said a friend asked him to sell a bike. Rashid didn’t know the bike had been stolen and actually sold the bike back to the original owner. The owner then called the police, and Rashid was arrested. In the Philippines, if the complainant fails to show for trial, the date is rescheduled—often in three month intervals— and can be rescheduled as many as three times. Rashid had been in jail for six months without trial; some children have been awaiting trial for more than a year. When his accuser failed to show in court, the court ordered his case dismissed. However, no one followed up on his release order and Rashid remained in prison until IJM discovered his case and secured his release.
Seek Justice: Bonded Slavery Bonded slavery is the continual labor of an individual forced to work by mental or physical threat. Bonded slaves are owned by an employer to whom the slave or slaveâ€™s family is indebted. Bonded slaves are forced to work long hours, often seven days a week, for meager wages, if any, attempting to pay back a debt that increases at exorbitant interest rates. In reality, there is no way to repay the debt and the laborer becomes essentially a slave for life. Many bonded slaves are children who are beaten and abused if they do not fulfill the extreme expectations of the owner.
Bonded Slavery · 13
For Nagaraj, the hope of a life of freedom was stronger than the threats and abuses he and others endured in the brick kiln. The worst part, he says, was seeing his children there, getting sick from excessive work in the searing heat, knowing that they could never go to school and would grow up to become another’s property. Nagaraj himself was a slave since the age of 12. Their owner was considered particularly brutal and was feared in the community. None would stand against him—none until Nagaraj and ijm. After a raid led by ijm investigators working with local authorities, 78 slaves were granted official release papers and brought out of the kiln. Together with family and others totaling 138, the slaves and families from the kiln were now free men, women and children. The owner was arrested and faces criminal charges. ijm agents continue to monitor his ongoing case. ijm-supported social workers assist former slaves ensuring they have the opportunities and resources they need to navigate lives of newfound freedom. Many of the men freed from the kiln formed the Dawn Association, to provide a financial safety net for the families of those who have come out of slavery. If a member is in financial need, he may request a business or personal loan at a reasonable rate so the family will not fall prey to the economic traps of bonded slavery. Nagaraj was unanimously elected president of Dawn Association and now runs his own brick kiln making free bricks. Smiling as he explains the economics of brick-making, the former slave bears a confidence and gratitude marked by the mathematics of freedom. Nagaraj held a brick in his hands, extended to an audience gathered to hear his story. “This is a brick I made from my own brick kiln. This is much better stone and precious thing than what I used to build when I was in bondage. This is a very high quality stone.” A free brick made with free hands.
The Facts •According to the United Nations Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery, an estimated 20 million people were held in bonded slavery as of 1999. • In 2004 there are more slaves than were seized from Africa during four centuries of trans-Atlantic slave trade. (Kevin Bales, Disposable People) •In 1850 a slave in the Southern United States cost the equivalent of $40,000 today. According to Free the Slaves, a slave today costs an average of $90. • Approximately two-thirds of today’s slaves are in South Asia. Human Rights Watch estimates that in India alone there are as many as 15 million children in bonded slavery. How does bonded slavery happen? When a personal or family emergency requires immediate funds the individual or family is forced to work for very little or no pay in exchange for a small loan. Because the debt increases faster than they’re paid a slave is trapped without hope of ever paying off the original debt. While IJM does not often find victims in physical chains, the intimidation of powerful oppressors is every bit as effective a means of restraint. How does IJM help real people held as bonded slaves? IJM investigates and documents cases of bonded slavery, then works with local law enforcement to emancipate slaves and bring slaveholders to justice. IJM also works to secure quality after care for the victims. Narakalappa is a 70-year-old man who was born into a family of bonded slaves (each generation assumes the debt of the previous). He and his children and grandchildren worked as slaves on an agricultural plantation. This past year, IJM led a raid on the property to rescue as many bonded slaves as possible. IJM secured the release of 16 slaves, including Narakalappa. For the first time in his life, Narakalappa is now a free man.
Seek Justice: Un-prosecuted Rape Un-prosecuted rape is sexual contact without the victimâ€™s consent in which the perpetrator is not held accountable for his or her actions in a court of law.
Un-prosecuted Rape· 15
Four-year-old Martha spent most of her time playing with friends near her home. One afternoon while playing outside, a new neighbor across the street approached Martha and asked her to help him with a favor. The neighbor then grabbed Martha, took her into his house and raped her. The rapist threatened to beat her if she told anyone what had happened and forced her to go back to playing with her friend. Unable to contain the horror of what just happened, Martha told her friend that the man had “done her bad manners.” That evening Martha’s mother returned home to her daughter crying. Martha told her mother the details which were later confirmed through a physical exam. Martha and her parents reported the rape to local police. Later that day Martha’s perpetrator was arrested and taken to the police station. However, a group of the rapist’s friends visited the family’s home and threatened to kill Martha’s father if the charge was not dropped. The rapist and his allies also pressured the local police to drop the charges. Later, the rapist was released from police custody and immediately went to Martha’s home where he threatened to shoot Martha’s father if they pursued the case. When International Justice Mission learned of the threats and Martha’s case, ijm Kenya staff stepped in to represent Martha and her family. Martha’s rapist bribed, threatened and intimidated witnesses resulting in months of delays, but ijm stood fast. The perpetrator relied on a history of inaction and unaccountability in Kenya, that those fighting for justice would grow weary and discouraged and eventually walk away. But Martha’s rapist and his allies could not contend with the forces of goodness that do not back down from threats or intimidation tactics. Instead of giving up, Martha and her ijm advocates persevered until Martha courageously confronted her assailant in court and the judge convicted and properly sent the rapist to prison for his crimes. After the rapist’s conviction, ijm’s lead attorney in the case wrote, “In the future, when Martha is old enough to ask what anybody did to protect her, I have no doubt her parents will tell her that there’s a friend for little children who watched over their every step. We praise God today, as we feel honored to participate in such an act of love. Rejoice with us!” Today, Martha continues to heal physically and emotionally as ijm staff follow-up with care for her and her family.
The Facts • According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, only 16.3 percent of reported rape cases result in the rapist’s imprisonment (RAINN). • In cases of rape and sexual assault, the United States has a conviction rate 12 times higher than the world average (Father’s Manifesto). • In the Maternity Hospital of Lima, Peru, 90 percent of young mothers aged 12 to 16 have been raped by their father, stepfather or a close relative (UNIFEM). • 20 to 30 cases of rape are reported each week in just one small village in Peru IJM’s Casework Alliance partner in Peru. Rarely are the rapists held accountable (Paz y Esparanza). What IJM Does IJM staff investigate case referrals. If IJM investigators determine that an individual was raped and the victim has not been able to seek appropriate legal action against the perpetrator through the law, IJM lawyers will help bring the case before the courts. IJM investigators also provide training for local authorities in how to properly document rape cases and secure appropriate counseling for victims of rape.
IJM saw that Martha’s rapist went to prison and continues to care for Martha and her family. Beside her mother and brother at a park in Nairobi, Martha enjoys her new backpack, a gift from IJM.
When 14-year-old Manna ran away from her abusive home in South Asia, she met a woman who offered her job selling fabric. She accepted the position, and the woman provided her a place to sleep for the night. When Manna awoke in the morning, the woman was gone, and Manna discovered that she was in a brothel. Manna attempted to refuse the first three men who had paid to rape her. She was physically assaulted by the brothel keepers until she lacked the strength to resist. For the next two years, she was held in the brothel and raped by customers for the profit of the brothel owners. She was freed when IJM investigators discovered her captivity and alerted local authorities, working with them to release her and three other young girls from the brothel. The brothel owners each received five-year sentences.
Seek Justice: Sex Trafficking Sex trafficking is a massive global enterprise based upon force, coercion and deception. Traffickers transport or detain their victims for the purpose of exploitation and profit through acts of sexual violence. This trade in rape for profit victimizes thousands of women and children every year.
Sex Trafficking · 17
Panida, a 14-year-old girl from rural Northern Thailand, had just finished her 8th grade studies and hoped to spend her summer break earning some extra money. Panida thought that the potential earnings from a summer job could bring her family some stability. Her family needed the funds badly: Her father had died and her mother was stricken with aids. When a local man approached her offering a well paying job that would last four months, she accepted. However, the man’s intentions were never to give her a job: He instead took Panida through a border checkpoint into Malaysia, where he sold her to a local brothel owner. The brothel owner told Panida that he had paid an enormous sum for her, and that she must reimburse him by selling her body to the brothel’s many customers. She was told that she would have to service five to 10 customers a night and that if she failed to meet her quota or refused customers, she would be beaten. Panida was locked in her new living quarters – a house crowded with other trafficking victims, secured by guards, barred windows and doors that locked from the outside. Terrified, Panida awaited her first rape. However, on the very night on which Panida was to be sold for the first time, Malaysian police, prompted to action by information provided through ijm undercover investigations, entered the brothel and released Panida and 94 other trafficking victims. An ijm caseworker contacted Panida’s mother in Thailand, who was overjoyed to hear that her daughter was safe. ijm paid the cost to reunite Pandia and her mother and to sponsor Panida’s continuing education. Panida is now home again.
The Facts • Human trafficking is the world’s third largest criminal enterprise, after drugs and weapons. (U.S. Dept. of State) • Worldwide, there are nearly two million children in the commercial sex trade. (UNICEF) • There are an estimated 600,000 to 800,000 children, women and men trafficked across international borders annually. (U.S. Department of State) • Approximately 80 percent of human trafficking victims are women and girls, and up to 50 percent are minors. (U.S. Department of State) • The total market value of illicit human trafficking is estimated to be in excess of $32 billion. (U.N.) • Sex trafficking is an engine of the global AIDS epidemic. (U.S. Department of State) What IJM Does International Justice Mission’s first priority in its anti-trafficking casework is to secure the protection of the law for trafficked women and children forced into commercial sexual activity. IJM investigators spend hundreds of hours gathering and documenting undercover evidence of trafficking and sexual exploitation. Using this evidence, IJM staff members then work with local authorities to remove victims from forced prostitution and ensure that they have access to aftercare services to meet their vital needs. IJM lawyers work for the conviction and sentencing of traffickers and perpetrators in an effort to deter future crimes. Sex trafficking will endure as long as it remains a profitable criminal enterprise. By freeing victims and prosecuting their perpetrators, IJM operations increase the risk and decrease the profitability of trafficking. IJM works to combat sex trafficking in India, Cambodia, Thailand and the Philippines. In the 10 years since the organization’s founding, IJM investigations have resulted in freedom for hundreds of girls and women held by force in the commercial sex trade.
Seek Justice: Police Brutality Police brutality is the excessive use of force by police officers. Torture is extreme mental stress or unbearable physical pain imposed on a person, often by a person of authority.
Police Brutality · 19
Esther came to the police station on a Friday to visit her husband Peter who had been arrested for an argument with a neighbor. Expecting his release, Esther returned to the station the following day to find her husband’s body lying face-up in a pool of blood and the door to his cell lying broken beside him. Trying to cover up the incident, the police commander told Esther that her husband had died from self-inflicted wounds by banging himself against the walls of the holding cell. An autopsy later revealed severe head and chest injuries, traumatic bruising and massive internal bleeding, likely caused by the police who held Peter in custody. A local priest referred the family, which could not afford an advocate, to ijm staff who now stand with Esther and her 12-year-old son, John. ijm investigated the case and presented conclusive intervention reports to local authorities proving the police were responsible for Peter’s death. ijm continues to follow-up on the case to bring accountability to those who killed Peter. In December 2006, ijm staff visited Peter’s grave with his mother, Esther and their son. The sunken plot was unmarked—its wooden marker stolen for firewood. Peter’s mother remarked that despite terrible circumstances they remain prayerful, even when thinking of the people who committed the crime against her son and perpetrated injustice against their family. “You must have a forgiving heart,” she added. “To forgive even our enemies—to love our enemies.” Esther encourages others to remain patient and asked for prayer “that this case may be resolved.”
The Facts • In April 2000, the Bolivian police used excessive force in attempting to quell a protest. They killed 10 peasants, injured more than 60 people, and arbitrarily detained more than 200 people (Amnesty International). • At least 10 prisoners died in Kenyan prisons as a result of torture in 2000. Official figures for deaths in prisons are scarce but, in October 1995, a government minister stated that more than 800 prisoners died in the first nine months of that year. In 1997, more than 630 prisoners reportedly died (Amnesty International). What IJM Does IJM staff work with police officers of good will to document information in order to intervene on behalf of those who have fallen victim to police brutality and torture. IJM also provides training to police forces of various countries, including recent police training of 3,000 Bolivian officers on preventing the abuse of street children. In Kenya, drunken police officers picked up a young man named David to extort a bribe and then shot him as he walked away from the police station. David fell to the ground and no one came to his assistance. A hospital was across the street and David was able to gather his strength and stumble into the building. Five minutes later, the police officers went into the hospital and demanded the staff stop giving medical attention to David. The hospital staff refused, although David’s right arm had to be amputated below the elbow. To cover their tracks, the police charged David with a crime they knew he didn’t commit and held him in jail. IJM won David’s release and had the officers arrested and prosecuted. David has begun law school and told IJM he wants to become a lawyer so he can rescue others as IJM saved his life.
20 · Financial Activities
2008 Expense Mix Support 27% Program 73%
support expense mix
program expense mix
Fund Develop. 60% Gen. & Admin. 27% Board 2%
Prayer 6% Education 13% Casework 81%
$0 2007 2008 $11,300,022 $13,149,746
2007 2008 $9,409,571 $13,879,079
revenue & support
$ 12,516,671 521,628 111,447 —
$ 10,935,709 329,981 34,332 —
$ 8,236,598 1,288,858 653,939
$ 5,452,099 894,001 431,072
Total Program Services
Supporting Services Board Expense Fund Development General and Administrative
79,086 2,222,966 1,397,629
95,465 1,561,212 975,722
Total Supporting Services
$ 2,485,376 907,937 385,793 70,000 598,795 1,213,011
$ 2,410,905 991,433 266,831 474,000 217,106 933,605
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses Refundable Advances Deferred Rent
$ 587,781 712,735 298,846
$ 318,000 185,000 —
$ 3,212,413 849,137
$ 3,735,528 1,055,352
Total Net Assets
Total Liabilities and Net Assets Change in Net Assets Net Assets, Beginning of Year Net Assets, End of Year
5,660,912 (729,330) 4,790,880 4,061,550
5,293,880 1,890,451 2,900,429 4,790,880
Contributions and Grants Other Income Investment Income Net Assets Released from Restrictions Total Support and Revenue expenses Program Services Case Work Education Prayer Ministry
Total Expenses current assests Cash and Cash Equivalents Short-Term Investments Receivables Promises to Give Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets Property and Equipment, Net Total Assets current liabilities
net assets Unrestricted Temporarily Restricted
Thank You ijm wishes to thank the following foundations and corporations for their financial support in 2008. ijm receives funding from individual donors, churches, community organizations, government agencies and foundations. Alternative Gifts International (AGI) Anonymous (3) Bridgeway Charitable Trust The Bolthouse Foundation Compassion - Australia The Crowell Trust The Dick and Betsy DeVos Foundation Emelco Foundation The Ford Foundation Free Family Foundation The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Hawks Foundation The Huston Foundation I.C.N. Foundation Kohl Foundation The Lampstand Foundation The Maclellan Foundation The Masterâ€™s Plan Charitable Trust Murdock Trust Oâ€™Keefe Foundation Overbrook Foundation Patmos Foundation for World Mission ProVision Foundation SAJE Foundation The Samueli Foundation The Servants Charitable Trust The Lewis Hall and Margaret Singletary Foundation The Stewardship Foundation Vista Hermosa Foundation World Vision
ijm po Box 58147 Washington, dc 20037 703.465.5495 703.465.5499 fax www.ijm.org