Rampage Rampage THE
More than 100,000 people in the U.S. are shot each year
Student-Run Newspaper of Fresno City College Student-Run Newspaper of Fresno City College
December 9, 2015 November I S S U E 718, 2015
I Vol. S S UCXXVI E 6
ENOUGH! The Rampage
@rampagenews The Rampage @rampagenews @FCCRampage
Now Is the Time for Gun Control and an End to the Madness EDITORIAL BY RAMPAGE EDITORIAL BOARD firstname.lastname@example.org
ow many deaths will it take before our political leaders do the right thing about gun
control? How many more innocents need to die? When will our elected officials move to protect the citizens of our
Burglaries on the Rise at FCC
great country? We can’t wait a minute longer. Enough is enough. Now is the time for action -- to urge our representatives to stand up to the National Rifle Association’s coercion, to put the interests of Americans first, and to enact a sensible gun control law. With still three weeks to go in 2015, almost 48,610 shooting incidents have
been recorded in the U.S., resulting in 12,304 deaths and 24,847 people injured, according to daily reports on GunViolenceArchive.com. What this means, according to the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, is that every day, 55 people kill themselves with a firearm, and 46 people are shot or killed in an accident with a gun. In 2012, the U.S. had nearly 30 times
more gun murders than the United Kingdom, 15 times more than Germany and six times more than Canada Of all the murders in the U.S. in 2012, 60 percent were by firearm compared with 31 percent in Canada, 18.2 percent in Australia, and just 10 percent in the UK.
l SEE EDITORIAL ON PAGE 10
Hundreds Receive Holiday Meals, Gifts
BY GEORGE GARNICA
The recent uptick in burglaries in some parts of Fresno is reflected at Fresno City College. According to the Fresno Police department website, Detective Haywood Irving reported a 31 percent rise in vehicle burglaries throughout the Northwest Fresno this year. Likewise at FCC, there have been 34 burglaries of vehicles from June 1, 2015 to Nov. 17, 2015, according to Richard Gaines, interim chief of the State Center Community College District. Gaines says that some of the burglaries could be avoided with a little knowledge on what to do and what not to do while on campus.
l SEE PAGE 2 FOR THE FULL STORY Illustration/George Garnica
(From left to right) Sean Henderson serves food at the Winter Dinner. Students line up outside the cafeteria to receive a meal. Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2015. Photos/Larry Valenzuela and Patrick Forrest BY VIANEY COBIAN
Fresno City College’s first Winter Dinner event fed approximately 500 students at the college cafeteria on Dec. 3, 2015. The dinner was a free event with the purpose of helping students by providing food to those in need. Cris Monahan, marketing director, said that the event was made possible because of the help of many volunteers on the FCC campus, including office workers, instructors, as well as the president who was greeting students as they walked in. “This is a much needed service for our students. We hear that there is a lot of food insecurity in our student population,” Monahan said. “We are here to help students and
help them succeed. We don’t want anyone to feel a need for food.” On the menu at the Winter Dinner were turkey, ham, mashed potatoes, green beans, dessert buffet as well as free drinks. Sociology Instructor, Dr. Linda Vang volunteered at the event and said that this was a kick-off for Ram Pantry which will provide needy students with a bag of groceries every Friday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Part-time English instructor at FCC, Jennifer Dorian, volunteered and also helped coordinate the event. She said this kind of event started with people who wanted to help other people. “It is such an honor to serve students in
this way,” Dorian said. “It really makes us feel good to see the response of the students; we are really blown away.” Student Aaron Vang, psychology major, who assisted during the dinner said that events like this are very beneficial to students. The Ram Pantry is a project that begins in the spring of 2016 and is intended to help students in need by providing them with food. For more information about the Ram Pantry, please contact Ms.Maile Martin at (559) 443-8688. “No questions asked,” Prof. Vang said. “Come with your I.D. and you get a bag of food.”
Rampage Burglaries on the Rise at FCC Staff
Editor-in-Chief Cresencio Rodriguez Delgado News Editor Chueyee Yang Copy Chief David Chavez Arts & Entertainment Editor Jasmine Yoro Bowles Opinion Editor Albertina Rodriguez Delgado Sports Editor Keaundrey Clark Photo Editor Daisy Rodriguez Multimedia Editor Larry Valenzuela Production Consultant Patrick Forrest Reporters Caleb Owens-Garrett Kageanna Garza Tylisha Riley Marshaie Morgan Viviana Valdez Rudy Perez George Garnica Roman Espinoza Hanna Wechter Spencer Cyrel Mallory Michael Ford Lakenya Foster Ryan Holquin Andrea Briseno Vianey Cobian Alexxa Leyva Martinez Rampage Adviser/Instructor Dympna Ugwu-Oju
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Vehicle burglaries at Fresno City College and surrounding areas have risen. FCC Interim Police Chief Richard Gaines warns students and staff not to leave valuables visable in vehicles. Ilustration/George Garnica BY GEORGE GARNICA
“The best way for our students, faculty and staff to protect themselves is to be aware of their surroundings, keep valuables in their possession or out of sight if left in a vehicle,” Gaines said. He added ,”a number of the thefts we have investigated have been the result of someone leaving their backpack and/or laptop computer, or some other valuable possession unattended.” Second year Fresno City College student Frank Torres had his car burglarized in broad daylight two blocks from school campus on Oct. 30. Torres said he believes he accidentally left his car unlocked because his windows were not shattered. “They took my gym bag with my iPod in it, and the spare
change in my cup holder,” said Torres. I am just glad they did not break my windows, because that would have been expensive.” Torres said he did not report it since he did not think his things would have any chance of being recovered, and that he will be buying a parking pass next semester. According to Gaines, individuals committing these crimes are often watching the possible victims, waiting for them to leave one of their items unattended. He added that these crimes are considered crimes of opportunity and can be greatly reduced as long as everyone keeps their valuables in their possession at all times.
Gaines also said vehicles left unlocked, windows not rolled up all the way and items of interest left in plain view add to the potential of a vehicle being broken into. There have also been 14 burglaries of buildings on the FCC campus. Gaines said the burglars target items such as computers, tablets, TV’s, cellular phones, miscellaneous electronic devices as well as any other item of value that can be sold quickly. Gaines said students, faculty, staff and campus visitors should be aware of their surroundings at all times and report anything that looks suspicious to the police department at (559) 4424600.
College Considering Increasing Lecture Hours to Meet New Requirements BY CHUEYEE YANG
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Fresno City College is currently reviewing whether to increase the total contact and outside-of-class hours for some courses. The California Community Colleges Chancellor’s Office passed an Hours and Units Calculation formula on Oct. 5, which provides a way for colleges to correlate the units of credit with the lecture hours and maintain adequate lecture hours. The development of the formula was started by CCCCO after a discussion last summer, said Rojelio Vasquez, dean of the Business Division. According to the formula, the amount of total contact hours between students and their instructor will be added to the amount of outside-of-class hours. Those hours will then be divided by the formula’s “hours-per-unit divisor” which will ref lect the credits of the class unit. According to the new formula, total contact hours are when “a stu-
dent is under the direct supervision of an instructor or other qualified employee,” whereas an outside-ofclass hour is when “students are expected to engage in coursework outside of the classroom.” Brandon McLaughlin, Associated Student Government’s district-wide senior and social science senator, who sits in on curriculum committee meetings says that the formula is “to streamline and unify all of the colleges, and have them decide on one single idea for what the units will be for certain classes.” Eventually all of the courses at FCC will apply this formula; however, McLaughlin says that automotive technology and business courses will increase the total contact hours and outside-of-class hours first. “[CCCCO] are not increasing the units, but they’re doing it to increase the amount of hours, so they can meet the threshold,” Vasquez said. “We wanted to continue in-
tegrity and credibility in the classes so what we did was increase in the classes of contact hours.” McLaughlin says that this new formula will benefit students. “They’re going to go more in depth to what they’re already teaching,” he said. Students can visit curricunet. com for whatever changes may be made or updates on their courses. “Students are able to go to each and individual class and check out the new changes,” McLaughlin says. “And it also shows the increment in hours and their units total, and it also describes their transferable [units].” Anthony Trevino, computer aided manufacturing major, also says that increasing the hours would be beneficial. “I find myself needing more time to do work,” Trevino said. “I think that’s a good idea.”
Villa Moves to Los Angeles as VP for Student Services
Vice President of Student Services Chris Villa to leave Fresno City College. Dec.3, 2015 Photo/Larry Valenzuela BY CHUEYEE YANG
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After serving as the Vice President of Student Services for six years, Christopher Villa will be leaving his position at Fresno City College on Dec. 9. Villa says that he will be leaving his position to be the Vice President of Student Services at Los Angeles Mission College. “Getting closer to my family was a major factor [in moving],” Villa said, “And also just an opportunity to make a difference in Los Angeles.” Villa grew up in Los Angeles where he later became the Vice President of Student Services at Long Beach City College. After being employed at Long Beach City College, he decided to apply for a vice president position at FCC. “When it came time for me to consider applying for vice president positions, I thought about this place [FCC],” he said.
“Two people influenced me to gram. come up here--Tony Cantu [former Villa said, “For the first time, we 2-18_Distribution_final.pdf 1 2/3/15 FCC president] and Tom Crow [former had a very large Summer Bridge Prochancellor of the State Center Com- gram here at Fresno City College--we munity College District].” had 300 students here.” It was only till after Villa met CanAbout 90 percent of the students tu and Crow during their visit to LBCC who took courses through the Sumthat he was interested in applying for mer Bridge Program, participated a position at FCC. in the six week summer session and “If it hadn’t been for that interac- passed their courses. Villa said, “That’s tion, I probably would have never ap- higher than the 68 percent for the colplied here [FCC],” Villa said, “So hon- lege as a whole.” estly, I think that Tony and Tom had Although Villa is proud of these a great influence on my decision to accomplishments, serving as the Vice apply here.” President of Student Services can be During Villa’s six years at FCC, he challenging. has accomplished many of his goal, A challenge is that “We’re under reone of them being that more student sourced,” he said, “so it’s hard to get all at FCC are successfully transferring. of the work done.” He is also proud that FCC has estabAccording to Villa, the Student Serlished the Veterans Resource Center, vices division has approximately 120 the Dream Center and was successful faculty and staff ---“there’s a lot of with the 2015 Summer Bridge Pro- personal that we deal with, conflicts
Stress Week Shrinks To Stress Day BY ANDREA BRISENO
Despite several months of planning, stress week at Fresno City College has been shrunk to one-day event. The abridged program is scheduled on Dec. 9. Various previously scheduled events have been canceled. “We had originally planned stress week, but there was a series of events that happened,” said Elizabeth Pichardo, a psychology major, and member of Active Minds. Flyers were posted around FCC promoting stress week which included events such as puppy day, when students could go into the Old Administration Building [OAB] room 251 and play with puppies. However, on Dec. 7, the day of the event, a line of students formed outside the venue for more than an hour before an announcement was made. “We [Active Minds] did start with the flyers,” Pichardo said, but insists that her group “didn’t officially release them to the public.” The Active Minds Club, Health Center and Psychology Services, all involved in the stress week planning, failed to notify students of the cancellation. Pichardo says Active Minds did cancel the reservation of the room, yet there was no notice posted on the door of room 251 in the OAB. “I’m disappointed,” said Salena
Alvarado, an English major, who was C among the students who waited outside the doors. M “The SPCA, they were definitely on board,” Pichardo said. Unfortunately, Active Minds missed obtainingYapplications and permits for the dogs from the State Center Community College District. Moreover, the CM group fell short in gathering masseuses for their massage event. The SCCCD refused to grant approval for MY punching bags as well. The situation was “completely out of our hands,” Pichardo said. “At theCYend of the day, it was just not something that was possible. At least not for this semester.” CMY Despite the setbacks, Active Minds, the Health Center and Psychology Services will go forth with K conducting stress day in the free speech area on Dec. 9 between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. A booth will be set up to hand out literature, bubble wrap, stress balls and hand-held massagers. Complimentary cards with “encouraging words,” Pichardo said, will be posted around the campus starting Dec. 8, 2015. Even after Monday’s circumstances, Alvarado says she will still take advantage of stress day benefits. Pichardo said, “The goal is to reach out to our peers.”
between people; it’s part of the job,” he said. 9:36 AM As the Vice President of Student Services, Villa says he spends a lot of time working on resolving those conflicts and moving the division forward. Despite conflicts, “What I’m proud of is that the fact that when I got here, I think that we moved this division so that it’s more integrated with instruction,” Villa said. He has been employed at FCC since 2009 and hopes that he leaves his mark as someone who contributed to the college. “I’m excited about looking back and feeling like I at least did something to help this college,” he said. “I’m going to miss Fresno City College, I’m going to miss Fresno.”miss Fresno City College, I’m going to miss Fresno.”
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Thurston Says He’s Pleased with ‘Safe Space Ally Program’ LGBTQ Safe Space located at various parts of Fresno City College. Dec. 8, 2015. Photo/ Larry Valenzuela BY DAVID CHAVEZ
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Communication professor Jerry Thurston said he is pleased with the results of the workshops he has been providing to classified staff, student leadership and the Associated Student Government since the establishment of the Fresno City College Safe Space Ally Program. Across the campus, posters, showing an image of rainbow Ram horns with the five pillars of values, are going up depicting certain places as safe zones where members of the LGBTQ community can feel welcomed and safe to talk freely about anything concerning their lives or the campus. These posters define the FCC Safe Space Ally Program as a “campus-wide network of allies trained to support LGBTQ students, staff and visitors,”
Thurston said. Despite a recent editorial by Shaheen Pasha, assistant professor of international journalism at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, claiming that college cannot be a safe space as it is traditionally “a place where debates can turn heated and ugly and the cruel realities of the world come crashing down on students,” Thurston says the safe zone program at FCC is working. “That has very little to do with the Fresno City College Safe Space Program,” he said. “It is specific to make it safer to be an LGBTQ person and less comfortable to be a ‘homophobe’.” If one wants to deal with a homophobic person, Thurston believes that totally shaming that person doesn’t work. “It’s about calling out and helping them learn how to be less hurtful to people,” Thurston said. “We do thoughtless things out of ignorance.”
He said it is more effective when someone explains why something is bothersome and although it might not sink in right away, it will make a homophobic think twice before saying or doing something. Thurston says that one of his challenges is trying to get clear demographic data of the number of LGBTQ students and faculty on campus because of privacy issues and confidentiality. He also said that being a heterosexual white male makes it more challenging to relate to the diversity within the LGBTQ community. Different cultures respond to alternate lifestyles in different ways. “There’s only so much I can understand,” Thurston said. “I’ve had some people who are Latino LGBTQ going, ‘here are some of your examples but we’re not feeling included’.” On the impact of the FCC Safe Space Ally Program, Thurston talked
about a bumped into his friend Jeff Robinson, a clinical psychologist and a leader of a youth group which includes high school and college students who are LGBTQ. He said Robinson told him that his youth group had mentioned seeing purple posters on the FCC campus with ram horns and that it was “so cool.” Seeing the posters made the students feel included. “Doing this kind of work, many times you have no clue what impact you’re actually having,” he said. Thurston wants to continue to strive for the simple equal treatment of the LGBTQ community. He acknowledged a report from the Human Rights Campaign that came out last year that identified Fresno and Visalia specifically as problem areas for LGBTQ people. “It’s not about special rights,” Thurston said. “It’s about equal rights.”
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Keeping Tradition: Sylvia Savala Extends Legacy of Service BY GEORGE GARNICA
Sylvia Savala grew up in the town of Pinedale, California in the shadows of a father who served the Pinedale community as a member of the board of trustees of Pinedale Elementary. He was also a founding contributor to the Fresno Boys’ Club. She said she learned the importance of social responsibility from how he prided himself on giving back to his community. “His involvement had a profound impact on how I viewed my place in the world and engendered a desire to positively impact my community as well,” Savala said. At the age of 10, she put what she learned from her father to use by helping kids in her neighborhood who were ridiculed and humiliated for not knowing English. Savala turned her garage into a school and taught them reading and math and even created report cards for them to take home. Savala attended San Joaquin Memorial and Bullard High School. She said she felt isolated at Bullard High because she was one of five Latino students attending the high school at that time. In the late 1960s Savala enrolled at Fresno City College where she became acquainted with students who were transferring to California State University, Fresno. She realized that the books were not difficult to her, and wanted to go to Fresno State and get a B.A. Savala said her father said she could not go because she needed to help support the family. “At that moment, I knew I couldn’t let anyone stop me from making my dream come true. I wanted to graduate with a B.A.,” Savala said. “I defied parental authority and continued my education at Fresno State.” In 1970, she became a member of M.E.C.H.A. (a student organization that promotes higher education, culture, and history) where she said she became a warrior by helping demand that the administration at Fresno
State meet student needs and that La Raza Studies Program remain intact, and they succeeded. She said she also marched along with the farm workers and fellow students, demonstrating and picketing Safeway during a lettuce strike. According to Savala, ultimately many of the big lettuce growers rescinded their contracts with the teamsters and aligned themselves with United Farm Workers. “Although I had not yet acquired a voice, it was rewarding knowing I was helping deter oppression,” said Savala. “While helping my Raza, I was also helping myself, simultaneously becoming empowered.” Savala graduated with a B.A. in Spanish in 1975 and then decided she wanted to be an artist and began studying the arts. She later taught art to the young and to the elderly at Arte Americas, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and to students in the outlying towns of the counties such as, Mendota and Parlier. Savala said she evolved into a feminist artist and in 1995 exhibited her art at Fresno City Hall. It was there that she experienced backlash from employees and residents for a sacrilegious art piece entitled, “Our Lady of the Pots and Pans,” an artwork of a woman crucified with pots and pans dangling from the cross and a broom leaning against the post. Savala said she was addressing women’s issues and celebrating their everyday life. According to Savala, the art received so much attention and even made the local TV newscasts. In 1999, she was asked to be part of an artist’s show, “Hecho En Califas: The Last Decade” that would travel throughout California. It was for that show that she received the “Senate Certificate of Recognition” for her contribution to changing the direction in Chicano Art. In 2003, Savala decided she wanted to become a writer and enrolled in
Sylvia Savala will head her newly created Adjunct Alliance and says she hopes it will bring all the part-time professors together. Photo/George Garnica the MFA Creative Writing program with an emphasis on creative nonfiction at CSU Fresno. She graduated in 2007 and said she gained a tremendous amount of confidence in the process. In 2010, Savala’s essay, “How Vanilla Runs” was published in an anthology, “Introduction to Mexican-American Studies” a textbook that is used at FCC and CSU Fresno La Raza Studies. It was at this time that Savala decided to teach at the collegiate level at Madera Community College and at FCC. She endeavored to teach solely at Fresno City where she had history, and love for the campus. “There were so many ‘Chicanitos’ that I could help guide, motivate and inspire here with my personal stories,” Savala said. Savala said one of her proudest moments came was just last year when her best students announced he was going to drop out of my English 125 class because his parents had to return to Mexico. “I told him, that he was at a crossroads, and that if he stayed, it would change his life for the better. Find a way,” Savala said she told him. The student stayed and Savala recommended him for a scholarship, which he received. The student is now enrolled at Fresno State and recently visited to tell her he is aspiring to be a lawyer. “I beamed with pride,” said Savala.
“This is what teaching is all about to me, it makes it all worth it.” In August, Savala started her new endeavor by forming the Adjuncts Alliance because she felt the adjuncts who needed a place to convene and fraternize. She said the adjuncts that attended the first meeting were pleased, but as the weeks passed, she said made some disheartening discoveries regarding their low hourly pay rate compared to the hourly rate of the lowest paid full-time faculty. Savala said she also discovered new awareness about student needs and the inability of adjuncts to meet them. She said she knew then that there was work to be done. “It’s a calling, and it’s about self-respect,” Savala said. ”I have a voice, and it must be heard not just for my sake but for those who don’t.” Savala said she learned that the key to making change happen is knowing what people can do when they put their minds together. Savala said she hopes the 65 percent of professors that make up the Adjuncts Alliance show up to their next meeting on Jan. 22, 2016 at 4:30 p.m. in the OAB Room 181. “Banding together has always worked; history has proven that,” Savala said. “Lift up your heads Adjuncts, and attend our meeting. Students are watching us.”
Extra Help for Students Abound During Finals Week BY RUDY PEREZ
Finals are coming up soon and many Fresno City College students are scrambling for best ways to ace their exams and pass their classes. The library and the tutorial center are providing additional support for students. The tutorial center provides help to students studying for their finals, no matter the subject. Heather Walker, a math tutoring coordinator, said students should not wait until the last minute to start preparing for finals. “Look at all the material for all of your classes everyday,” she said. “If you have a challenging subject, studies show that if you look at the same material day after day, you’re more likely to comprehend it.” Walker encourages all FCC students to take advantage of all that the tutorial center offers, “Absolutely, we have highly qualified tutors here and the feedback that we get back from the students is very
very positive,” she said. Additionally, Ram Slam starts the week before finals. From Dec. 8 through Dec. 10, the library and the the tutorial center stays open for longer hours, from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. It will also be open on Dec. 12 from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Walker said that during Ram Slam, tutors are available for help in certain subjects. “We’re going to have snacks, refreshments, and coffee for students who are tired and are dragging a little bit,” she said. “That’s Ram Slam for us in the tutorial center.” Students also have different preferences in how they prepare. Whether it’s simply by picking apart the study guide provided by instructors or by keeping their eyes glued to their textbook, each student has their own method of studying for finals. Cynthia Castro, a 19-year-old student, uses what her teacher gives her to help prepare. “I take a little time out of my day to review what I’m learning. Most of my professors have packet reviews, so I do that or I do note cards and study with
some of the people in my class,” Castro said. “I think you just have to really study; go back on all the notes you took in class. If they provide study guides for you, just really go over them and don’t cram,” said Newsheelong Vang, a 20-year-old nursing major. “Make sure you study ahead of time, so you know everything and not just short-term, so you actually remember it so you don’t struggle when you’re taking the test.” Many FCC students take the same approach as both Castro and Vang. Brian Sanchez, a 20-year-old philosophy major, said, “I just go over what they’ve already given us.” Sanchez also uses other techniques and strategies when studying for finals, “Use the tools the teachers have provided you, go to the powerpoints, tutoring of course is useful if you need the help,” Sanchez continued, “Really poring over your notes two or three times saying them out loud or writing them down. It totally just depends on who you are as a person and your own learning style.”
Political Science Instructors Predict Presidential Nominees, Winners BY MICHAEL FORD
With the 2016 presidential election just under a year away, and with some states holding primaries as early as January, races for each respective party’s nomination are heating up. Mark Trezza, chairperson for Fresno City College’s Department of Political Science and History, and political science instructor at FCC James Joseph, offered their expert opinions on how the races will turn out from both parties. In the Democratic Party, Hillary Clinton is the overwhelming favorite followed by Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and former governor of Maryland Martin O’Malley. The latest national polls by Real Clear Politics show Clinton leading with 58.5 percent of the poll averages followed by Sanders with 30.5 percent and O’Malley, who is way behind at 3.8 percent. Despite Clinton’s big lead in the national polls, Sanders, who was once considered a longshot candidate, has his campaign moving in a positive direction and has even polled ahead of Clinton in several key primary states, including New Hampshire and Iowa, in the last few months. One possible reason for the recent surge by Sanders is because of the attention called to Clinton’s ties to Wall Street, especially in a climate where campaign finance reform is a big topic of discussion. CNN reports that she has received over $17 million in campaign contributions and $3 million for speeches from financial services firms and banks. Trezza said that this is one issue that she can possibly look weak on and that Sanders will look to exploit. “She can be vulnerable on that issue. Especially in the Democratic primary season, less so maybe in the general election,” he said. “Candidate Sanders would like that to be the number one issue. That’s a point of distinction as far as where they stand. His campaign has to believe that that’s their best issue,” Trezza added.
“Primary voters tend to be very strategic in thinking, meaning they will back the candidate that is most likely to beat the other party’s nomination.” -James Josheph FCC Political Science Instructor
Joseph is skeptical that Clinton’s supposed ties to Wall Street, will really cost her in the end, and accuses the media of refusing to hold her accountable because of her party affiliation. “She’s a Democrat. They routinely get a pass in the media on such issues, and so will she when it comes to wealth,” Joseph said. “Her supporters will rally behind her regardless of her wealth, and she does have a chunk of personal money.” Joseph added that the media should ask how she could claim poverty after lucrative book deals for her and Bill Clinton, former president. “But if you support her positions, it won’t be an obstacle; someone like James Carville will spin her money as evidence of her “success” in America,” he added. Should Sanders come away with the Democratic nomination, he will undoubtedly have his own obstacles to overcome, just as Clinton does. Trezza said that Sanders’ far left political views would be a point of emphasis that the Republican nominees will use against him in the general election. “The Republicans won’t even call him a Democratic candidate, they’re probably just calling him the socialist candidate for president,” Trezza said. “The Republican Party will definitely use it as a negative.” Joseph agrees that Sanders is too far from the center to be a serious candidate for his party’s nomination.
(From left to right) Bernie Sanders, Ben Carson, Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton. Photo/ Campaign Photos
“Primary voters tend to be very strategic in thinking, meaning they will back the candidate that is most likely to beat the other party’s nominee,” Joseph said. When those dedicated few who actually vote in early states do finally vote, I’m betting Sanders will not win any state races. He’s just not electable with his positions so far to the left.” As far as O’Malley, Trezza said that this election cycle has increased his national recognition, but he isn’t a real serious candidate to actually capture the Democratic nomination. “His chances of winning are not that good. I think that most people are going to figure out, if they haven’t already figured out, that they’re going to vote for Clinton or Sanders,” he said. “Those who haven’t, they’ll take a look at O’Malley, they listen to him. I think he could be a serious candidate longterm.” The Republican Party’s race has been much more muddled than the democrats’, but that may be changing as candidate Donald Trump has built up a solid lead in the latest polls by CNN, holding 36 percent of the poll of Republican and Republican-leaning independents. In one of the latest polls, the closest Republican candidate is Sen. Ted Cruz with 16 percent, followed by Ben Carson at 14 percent, Marco Rubio, Sen. from Florida follows with 12 percent of the vote.
Regardless of the polls, Trezza said he is unsure if Trump is really fit to be president, as he has never been a politician. “He’s never been in elected office. Hopefully he would grow into the office and learn the different ways and decorum,” Trezza said. “Ultimately, the people decide whether he’s fit to be president. If he is elected, how is he going to act when Congress doesn’t have to do what he says because they are not beholden to him.” He said that Trump seems to be combative and uses inflammatory language that borders on demagoguery. “When you are working with people who have egos as big as your own, that’s not always the best way to act,” Trezza said. “Carson also faces the same skepticism from voters and media about his ability to be president.” Trezza said he is against electing a candidate with no prior political experience. “We have one president of the U.S. and there is a point of view that people believe that having no experience in an elected office is actually going to help you perform in that elected office,” he said. “ I personally don’t like that.” So who do Trezza and Joseph think will win the nominations and the presidency? Trezza has Clinton winning the Democratic nomination and Trump winning the Republican nomination. “I think at the end of the day, just as it was for Obama both times, it will be an easy democratic win,” he said. Joseph disagrees. “Trump’s moment in the sun dissipates by late January as voters start to pay close attention to the race,” Joseph said. “Clinton will get the Democratic nomination and pick Senator Elizabeth Warren of MA for VP.” “Marco Rubio will get the Republican nomination and pick Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina as VP. Rubio/ Scott will win handily.”
Fall Drama productions resonate with audiences
BY CYREL MALLORY
‘Bad Jews’ According to the Fine Performing Communication Arts Division statistics, the play “Bad Jews”sold out its first two nights and last three nights, for a total sales of 637 seats. “Bad Jews” which ran from Nov. 13 to 21, was written by Joshua Harmon and directed by theater instructor, Janine Christl. “We feel very confident on the show we put on,” Christl said. Quincy Maxwell, who played Jonah in the play, said, “There was a lot of positive reaction; people were really moved; we had a couple of people send in letters telling us how much they appreciated the message of the play.” The director said the play tells a story about family relations, legacy and religion, “but is very much about how you have to find your family path.” The play features about “three cousins who come together on the evening after their grandfather’s funeral to discuss who deserves their grandfather’s Chai necklace,” Christl said. “They want to, each for their own reasons, have their own ideas on what should happen with it.” Christl said she received a few letters from people in the community expressing appreciative of the work. “They sent donations to our program and will be attending shows in the future.” Christl said that she believes the play resonated with a lot of crowds. “I think everyone could find someone that they believed that deserved the Chai, the object that everyone [the characters in the play] was searching for,” Summer Session, the assistant director for the play, said. “I think that everyone can relate those characters to people in their own lives, and the audience were able to reflect not only on the show and how good it was, but on their own lives.” The play “Detroit,” which opened Oct. 2 at 7:30 p.m. was written by Lisa D’Amour and directed by Chuck Erven who is an instructor in the Theater Arts and Dance
(Left) Quincy Maxwell as Jonah Haber in “Bad Jews.” (Right) Felicia Sanchez, as Sharon, gives a hypersexual gesture in the play “Detroit.” Photo/Patrick Forrest and Larry Valenzuela department at Fresno City College. The show had eight different showing times which were: Oct. 2, 3, 8, 9, 10 at 7:30 and Oct. 4, 9, 10 at 2 p.m. at Fresno City College Theater located by the math and science building. The show had a capacity of 396 seats, the box office sold about 113 Nov. 2 at 7:30 p.m. and 101 Nov. 3 at 7:30 p.m. according to the Fine Performing Communication Arts Division Statistics. It’s on average a 100 people a night said Erven. The play had two cast which consist of 5 actors who took turns each night. “it is a play that we felt connected to the moment right now in terms of people’s economic situations, their characters were really relatable and they really seem like people you would know in fact i often got that from people, that’s like my next door neighbor,” Erven said.
‘Detroit’ “Detroit,” which ran from Oct. 2 to 10, was written by Lisa D’Amour and directed by Chuck Erven, an instructor in the Theater Arts and Dance department at Fresno City College. According to the Fine Performing Communication Arts Division Statistics, the play sold an average of 100 seats a night. The play had two casts of five actors who took turns each night. “It is a play that we felt connected to the moment right now in terms of people’s economic situations,”
Erven said. “Their characters were really relatable, and they really seem like people you would know, like my next door neighbor.” “Detroit is about two couples who are polar opposites but who want to be just like each other,” said Jose Estorga, theater major, who played Kenny in the play. Kenny and Sharon are a little rough around the edges. They both just gotten out of rehab and are young, wild and free-spirited. Ben and Mary are a little older and seem to have their lives together, but not really. Each couple sees things in the other that they want to be.” Audiences loved the play. “I thought it was great; I loved it!!” said Celeste Guirola, an English major with a focus on screenwriting.
Some upcoming events are “Mulan and the Battle on Black Mountain” written by Chuck Erven and directed by Debra Erven. Performance dates are Feb. 26 through March 5, 2016. “We are auditioning on the [Dec] 10 and 11 for the show -- A version of Mulan, titled, “Mulan and The Battle on Black Mountain,” which starts in January. Erven said the play is for young adults. For more information on auditions or any other upcoming events in the theater and dance department, please contact Chuck Erven or Janine Christl.
Capturing Campus Beauty
The Old Administration Building has been the heart of Fresno City College for almost 115 years. The OAB has held a timeless beauty and elegance in its architectural design. Its peaceful courtyards provide a quiet space for those in need of it; its large auditorium is host to the most enticing events, from speakers to symphonies. The hallway tiles hold the history of students of past decades and still maintains its original beauty. This piece of history is something every student here should treasure. Photos/Daisy Rodriguez
12.9.2015 &E Photo Instructors Pleased with Alumni Exhibit
Sixty different work of photography, including works of the Hanna S. Barsam scholarship, were shown at the First Alumni Photography exhibit in the OAB, Thursday Dec. 3. Photo/Vianey Cobian BY VIANEY COBIAN
Fresno City College hosted the First Alumni Photography Exhibition in the Old Administration Building on Dec. 3. Thom Halls, instructor of photography, said that the Alumni Exhibition is the result of nine months of planning and is also a collaboration of the faculty and Hanna S. Barsam Foundation. Sixty different prints by 20 artists were on display during the event. Some students are local, but the event also exhibited the work of students as far away as New York City and Chicago. Work in the exhibit went through a rigorous
selection process. The works were chosen from submissions to the photography department. The Alumni exhibition also displayed the work of the nominees for the Hanna S. Barsam scholarship. Rick Dodd,a photographer, assisted the FCC Alumni exhibition and said he really enjoyed the gallery. “There is a lot of talent here at FCC; some names I recognized and their work is incredible,” Dodd said. Sherri Dodd, from the business office, was also present during the exhibition and said she was glad
to be able to assist the event. “I didn’t realize we had so many talented people come through the college, and it is very evident with the creativity that are in these pictures,“ Sherri Dodd said. The instructors of the photography department said they were very pleased with the response of the students. “The response of the students was terrific,” Halls said. “We would like to have this event every year or at least every other year.”
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Just Call Him the Renaissance Man BY ALBERTINA RODRIGUEZ DELGADO Opinion Editor firstname.lastname@example.org
A self portrait of Bobby Brown, volunteer cartoon artist for the Rampage. Illustration/Bobby Brown
Bobby Desmain Brown, art major, was 5 years old when he first became versed with art. “Around that time my brother would draw Wolverine characters, so I just started to mimic him,” Brown said. Aside from being galvanized by his brother, Brown was also garnering his love for art by watching different cartoons like Bugs Bunny and Dragon Ball Z. However, his brother remained the first source of inspiration. Throughout the fall semester Brown was the cartoonist for the Rampage, and added life to the Opinion section by giving most of the stories a visual picture that fit perfectly. His top four drawings that went into print were ‘My First Semester at FCC Seems so Long Ago’, ‘Forgive Me Mother, for I Have Sinned, but I Don’t Believe in God’, ‘Transgender Community in Fear of Attacks’, and ‘To Tinder or Not--Not an Easy Choice’. “My favorite drawing style recently has become renaissance; it gets the expressiveness on them pretty much...capturing their movement, throwing gesturing,” Brown shares that although this is his favorite drawing style, at the moment, he started off by drawing Anime. Brown is an aspiring comic book artist. His go-to tools are “brushes, pens and pencil pretty much.” Brown also likes to go for a black and white drawing rather than
color. “Color I can get into, but it becomes a little more difficult to finish,” Brown also mentioned that he wants to get into sculpting next. “I’ve been getting into it a lot more with clay and stuff...I want to get into tune more with painting because it takes a long time to paint a realistic face with a paint brush...” Although it’s safe to say that Brown is a genius when it comes to drawing, there are still some drawings that take longer than 30 minutes, which is usually his average time when he works on a drawing. Brown’s biggest accomplishment this semester was being accepted for two scholarships for his artwork for the centennial OSHER award and the Yvonne MCsherry award. “Recently I have been able to finish drawings in 30 minutes or so, but the longest one that I’m still working on is Rick from The Walking Dead. I’m drawing a giant drawing of him and I keep messing up on his face constantly, so I keep on having to erase the charcoal off the paper and readjusting eyes, pulling wrinkles out of certain areas, mixing and molding his hair constantly. It’s a difficult drawing and I plan on completing it on day.” Brown hopes to transfer to San Jose State after his studies at Fresno City College are completed.
Why we stay in toxic relationships BY TYLISHA RILEY
Do you love yourself? Are you sure? Then why are you staying in this bad relationship? I have no one to look to as an example of what a non-toxic relationship is; all I am familiar with and know is toxic. The story of my life -- the “on-andoff again”, the “we are just talking” and the “you’re the one, but I need you to wait” -- Is love supposed to be this complicated and an emotional roller-coaster? I was not raised by my mother; despite the physical distance, she modeled for me what a relationship is all about. Unfortunately, none of it was good. Whenever I visited her, I saw more than a child should be exposed to -the slaps, swollen lips and tears as well as the insults and putdowns. I always wondered why she stayed; I could not relate to why a woman would want that life. “It will get better,” Mama reassured me between sobs. I saw the sadness in my mother
and always told myself I would not be her, even as I saw myself walking in her footsteps. By the time I caught on, it was too late. I was neck-deep in a relationship where I was essentially a punching bag. I told myself it will get better, but even I knew it was as good as it will ever get. So I settled, and once you settle for less, you get what you deserve. If I allow someone to do terrible things to me, I deserve it. No guy or girl comes with warnings tattooed on their foreheads. So what I saw when we first met were his looks, his attentiveness and how he clung to me. The relationship started off “normal” and I thought I finally got the man of my dreams. We were “together” on and off for three years; he would occasionally snap or twist my arms or punch me, but I told myself it was all love play. But it wasn’t until the last year we were “together” that he came fully out -- using both his fists and tongue -- to beat the joy out of my eyes. For months, I tried to convince myself and my therapist that I loved myself. But my darling, you do not love yourself if you allow a man or any person to disrespect you continuously. I was abused physically and emotionally. I was weak. It is almost as if I enjoyed being mistreated. I say “enjoyed” is because sadly, I got a thrill
out of always arguing, catching him cheating, being choked, being used… it was just like the saying, “I would rather say I had something than to have had nothing at all.” Why did I stay? Because I got caught up in the couple thing; because my motto was I am going to ride or die for this man; because I refused to acknowledge that he was giving all the benefits I gave him to someone else. He was my addiction. I was addicted to him. I stayed because of I did not want to be alone, I cared for him more than myself; the sex was great. Honestly, I kept telling myself that sex was the main reason I stayed. I think we all have had that one person we just stayed stupid for and allowed to belittle us. I had mine and no matter what anyone told me, I had a quick answer. I was so lost in him that when he said “jump”, I always said “how high?” Also, I’m the type of person who has to go through it; I’m hard headed. Telling someone in a toxic relationship to simply get out is no solution. In my case, the only reason I was able to get out is because he moved away. He got out, and although I failed to see it then, he freed me to start repairing my life. I was finally able to focus on myself. It took some time for me to
find myself again, and I was heading towards recovery. In hindsight, I recommend that before starting a relationship, know yourself; LOVE yourself before you proceed to love someone else. I know how a woman should be treated, but just like every other girl and watching those cliché romance movies, I just wanted to feel love, no matter my personal cost. You can not give love or expect love if it is not in you internally. I wish I had been more confident in myself and knew my self-worth. Ladies, and gentlemen, it’s okay to be alone. Don’t make the same mistake I did. You have to love yourself.
Illustration by Bobby Brown
Without Adequate Support, Coming Out Can Be Devastating BY CALEB OWENS-GARRETT
Keep in mind being a person who identifies within the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender community, has it’s flaws, one way or the other. The biggest stressor when being with someone who is LGBT is not knowing the backlash you might receive for wanting to be with someone of the same sex or wanting to be with someone who has a different gender identity that is beyond the male and female binary. There are endless possibilities when coming out, but most media portray coming out in a negative light. In most media, people are aware that parents are usually unaccepting of the idea that their child is not a heterosexual or that they aren’t cisgender. It has always been frowned upon; making coming out that much harder to do for folks. As a young and curious 17-yearold, I could have never imagined the difficult circumstances of Oct. 11, 2013. Many of us may not remember what they did on this exact day, but for me this day radiates with much significance. In 2013, I came out as transgender to my family and friends. However, I didn’t have all of the best luck in the world. My father didn’t accept me for who I was and that really caused a lot of mental damage. A lot of people accepted me, but there were the few that didn’t. All in all, the backlash that I received from my father did alter my life quite a bit, but I had to realize that not everyone is going to support
me, even if it is my own family. I then started pursuing gender therapy. It was very thorough and helped me have an eye-opening realization. Since then, I have began to understand who I was. In 2014, I began pursuing mental health therapy, I then started to learn more about myself and finally understood who I was. As of now, I have come out to a few family members and friends. Luckily, a majority of them understood what I was saying and accepted me for who I was. I am a person who identifies as Gender Non-Conforming and is bisexual. Therapy truly helped me figure out who I was, but also, it helped me realize how easy things could go if they are said right and things are communicated more clearly. Unfortunately, not everyone has access to therapy or has a support system, but everyone does have access to find a trustworthy person. In order to be comfortable with one’s self, they must be able to confide in someone who truly knows and understands what they are going through. Also, you must know that the person isn’t going to judge or have any negative comments towards
your true self. It is important to surround yourself with nothing but good vibes because if you don’t, you will continue to want to hide yourself instead of coming to terms and being able to finally just let it out and be who you want to be. When you start preparing to come out, it is hard on the sanity that you possess. You need to pick an appropriate time to come out because if your family is going through death, divorce, bickering and so on and so forth, it probably wouldn’t be the best time to spring your sexuality or gender identity on them. You have to make sure everyone who you want to know at the time is willing to get together, so you can
just let it out at once. You don’t want to continue sounding like a broken record when repeating yourself to the countless family members and friends. Always try to have a positive attitude when telling your relatives and friends. Even if you might be afraid of the outcome. But just know, even at the end of the day, there is always someone there to help you get through things if they don’t always rule in the favor that we would like them to. Keep yourself happy, health and loved because at the end of the day that is what truly matters. If you are fortunate and are accepted by your family and friends, then HELL YEAH; even if you aren’t, I am proud of your courage and it does get better with time. There is always going to be someone out there that will always accept and love you for who you are! Stay strong!
We Need Gun Control Laws Now! l CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 This year alone, 647 children under 11 years old and 2,446 teenagers have died from gun violence. Where is the common sense? In 2013, more preschoolers (87) were killed by than police officers (27), according to the CDC. This situation is morally outrageous. It is estimated that medical treatment, criminal justice proceedings and security precautions cost U.S. citizens $100 billion a year. Medical cost for all gun violence victims in the U.S. is estimated at $2.3 billion, with almost half of the costs paid by taxpayers. Most of this can be prevented. In an interview, coincidentally on the same day as the mass shooting in San Bernardino, President Barack Obama told CBS, “We have a pattern now of mass shootings in this country that has no parallel anywhere else in the world.” Yes, the U.S. leads the developed world in gun violence. Over the years, gun violence has become a daily trend in this country and there seems to be no end in sight. Of the hundreds of lobbyists pushing for more lax gun laws, no organization
Sixty percent of congressional candidates have received $4.3 million from the NRA since 1990 according to the same Washington Post finding. Our politicians are bathing in the blood and tears of innocent Americans -- victims to their murderous greed. According to Open Secrets, an organization that tracks money in politics, the NRA spent nearly $1 million on campaign contributions during the 2014 election cycle to fund politicians in order to buy votes and the unfettered liberty to put weapons in every American hand. After each mass shooting, all that the rotten politicians offer are “thoughts and prayers” while, as they bow their heads and close their eyes, they continue to receive money and work for the largest criminal organization in the country -- the NRA. The fate of these politicians depends on their popularity with the gun lobby without whose influence the politicians might very well not exist. Scott Bixby, a senior correspondent with Mic. com, described the callous hypocrisy by some of the top recipients from the NRA, including Sen. Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) who had received $9,900 in direct contributions and $671,559 in indirect spending for his 2014
reefection bid. After the San Bernardino shooting, the
“After each mass shooting, all that the rotten politicians offer are “thoughts” and “prayers” while, as they bow their heads and close their eyes, they continue to receive and work for the largest criminal group in the country -- the NRA.”
“The NRA spent nearly $1 million, on campaign contributions during the 2014 election cycle; the organization funds politicians in order to buy votes and unfettered libety to put weapons in every American hand.” has been as influential as the NRA which has enormous influence over the members of the House of Representatives who are bought with despicable amounts of money. Unless the power of the NRA can be curbed, these huge campaign contributions turn our elected officials into political puppets. The NRA, headed by Wayne LaPierre, who is rightly labeled by the New York Daily News as a “terrorist” and “gun jihadist”, is seemingly single-handedly funding America’s gun violence. His mission to make it easier for people of all walks of life -- criminals, terrorists, the mentally unstable -- to get their hands on dangerous, military-style weapons designed to massacre masses on any given day, has crippled this nation. Early in 2013, the Washington Post reported that 261 congressional candidates received donations from the NRA. Nearly all of those candidates -- 236 -- were Republican, and 80 percent of the candidates who received money from the NRA went on to win their race.
OPINION 11 SHOULD THE U.S. IMPLEMENT GUN CONTROL?
seasoned phony McConnell tweeted, “the senseless loss of innocent life in San Bernardino defies explanation. Our thoughts are [with] the victims [and] their families.” Other hypocritical NRA puppets followed suit. What “thoughts and prayers”? Maybe “prayers” for those 101 Americans who will die or be injured by a gun today, and tomorrow and the next day. More than thoughts and prayers, America needs courageous politicians and leaders who have the will to defy powerful lobbies and put the country’s safety first. We have had enough of this corrupt political business. Congress is selling away the lives of American people by easing restrictions on preventable deaths. We must stand up to gun violence in America by exposing its donors -- the people who fund this madness. We demand thorough background checks. We demand full transparency. We demand absolute accountability. We refuse to stand by while our families, friends, neighbors, classmates and leaders continue to die because those we chose to represent us refuse to save the lives of innocent Americans. We all need to act, and there’s no better time to start than right now.
“No organization has been as influential as the NRA, which has enourmous influence over members of the Houser of Representatives who are bought with despicable amounts of money.”
Clarence Curtis Nursing “I think people kill people, not guns. I do believe we should keep our amendment.”
Bernardo Torreblanca Culinary Arts “I think it is really useful for safety. But I can see the pros and cons in it. It depends on the use of it, but I could see how it can be used in a good and bad way, for protection and safety.”
Suzanne Sandhu Child Development “I don’t play with guns, and I think guns should only be for responsible people.”
Charles Robinson Engineering “I think there should be less control on guns, at least federally. Taking guns away from civilians [and] letting criminals have any guns that they want is wrong.”
What is your Christmas Tradition?
Alex Rice Biology “We always wear pajamas and eat breakfast together.”
Luck Pham Kineseology “We just eat; the younger generation will exchange gifts, but the older people are very traditional.”
A mother’s choice BY ANDREA BRISENO
I never thought that I would be “that” teen -- a mere number in the statistics of teen pregnancy. I never imagined that at 19 years old, I would be contemplating the life or death of the child within my womb. One night, in the parking lot of my mother’s apartment complex, my ex-boyfriend held me as I cried. He handed me the pregnancy test, but I didn’t need to see it to know the result; I already knew that I was pregnant. I hated him. He set me up to do something that went against what I believed. But I was hopeless and even with the decision I was confronted with, I found solace in his arms. I knew what I had to do. The smiles my family showed me were not genuine and at one point, I even thought about keeping the baby. I blissfully remember watching YouTube videos on lamaze techniques and practicing breathing exercises with my boyfriend; we always believed the baby was a girl. My family was never fond of my ex-boyfriend. They also blamed him for reeling me deeper into the frequent hazy nights full of peach flavored Amsterdam and Mary Jane wrapped in a coat of promethazine. Life was out of control for the both
of us, and this was no life for a baby. An article on Healio.com titled, Adolescent Girls and Abortion, stated that “the most common reasons teenage girls report for choosing abortion are interference with school and/or career and difficulties with finances.” I, too, worried about the financial burden. Neither my boyfriend nor I had jobs. We were both overindulged by our parents, and we were comfortable living off of whatever they would throw our way. The chances of breaking free from the cycle of poverty is slim for children of teen mothers. As reported by the National Conference of State Legislatures [NCSL], “Two-thirds of families started by teens are poor, and nearly one-in-four will depend on welfare within three years of a child’s birth.” I did not want to be poor or to depend on welfare to raise my child. I tried to calculate what holding a job would mean for me. If I worked, what would happen with my schooling? I wondered if the outcome of my parents’ marriage, which ended in divorce, would become my own reality, especially because my family’s motives were to pull me away from my boyfriend, a soon-to-be-father. I did not want my kid to grow up with parents who would eventually break up. Flashes of custody battles played through my mind.
According to a study by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, 39 percent of those who live as a couple and have a baby split within five years. All these realities torpedoed my joy about having the baby. I felt ashamed as I hurriedly swallowed the abortion pill in front of my mother. I did not want to think about what I was doing. Then, I went home to hide in my room where I swallowed the next set of pills. I later saw a gooey-thick clot of crimson blood on the toilet paper. I stood cold, staring at a small malformed baby disguised in blood and planted on the palm of my hand. The doctor said I would not see it, but she lied. The same night stand, where I placed the pills, remains to the left of my bed. I hate that I sleep in the same room. I have flashbacks of the miserable pain and my passivity as the process was completed. I’m tormented as I realize that I did not raise my voice or fist to fight for my child. What hurts most is that moment when the life of a would-be child passed through me and left my body forever. Regret pierces my heart as I remember the day I flushed my baby away like it was nothing.
There’s no Getting over Losing a Parent BY JASMINE YORO BOWLES
A&E Editor email@example.com
Sarah Coronado Liberal Arts “We have like a secret santa. You have to get one person a gift, and it keeps the price range down.”
Nate Santos Graphic Design “We open presents on Christmas Eve and then have a paper fight with the wrapping paper.”
I moved to England with my mom was trying to get through finals. when I was three years old, where we The night before my last final, it met my legal father, who took me in as was unlikely he would make it through his own daughter and helped raise me. the night. I didn’t hear anything Even though we weren’t related by the next morning when I got up for blood, you could tell I was his daughter school, but there was a knock at the from personality, and he was one of door, and it was one of our long time the best people I knew. family friends. I don’t remember too From what I remember growing much other than her telling me, “he’s up, he was often ill. I somewhat shied not in pain anymore.” away from things that were going on I accepted hugs and condolences. I once I was old enough to understand. gathered up as much dignity as I could I vaguely remember some things, as I went to school to take my last like when he kept himself shut away exam. I came home after school and in the guest room when he had cried in my mom’s lap. The next day, I radioactive iodine treatment for an went to prom and the day after that I overactive thyroid and another time flew to California for the summer but where I woke up early one morning came back for a week to attend the and everyone had left because he had funeral. to go to the hospital in the middle of the night. He died at 32 years old from long term complications caused by blood transfusions during treatment for leukemia when he was a baby; his blood donor died with hepatitis C and my dad’s test came back positive. Hepatitis C deteriorated his liver to the point where he needed a transplant. In December, 2010, I got a phone call from my dad’s girlfriend saying that they had a liver for him and he would be going to the hospital. He spent six months in ICU and had two liver transplants. During this time, it was my last six months of secondary school (high school) and I Illustration by Bobby Brown
I left secondary school only passing three classes; there’s only so much information you can retain while you have a million concerns buzzing in your head for six months. Losing a parent means a lot of things; for me, he didn’t get to see me graduate and go to prom. He won’t see me grow up or get married. Our family planted a tree for him and when I was still in England, I would buy his favorite candy and go sit at the tree and eat it. To be brutally honest, there is no way to really get over it; you just have to keep moving forward in life. The most you can physically do is always strive to do things that would make them proud.
We all have our ways of dealing with issues BY DAVID CHAVEZ
Copy Chief firstname.lastname@example.org
If life were a movie, we’d all have a similar story. Now, that doesn’t mean that every event that happens is the same for everybody. Not at all. We all handle situations differently. But something that we all share is that, sooner or later, we will face that inevitable obstacle that comes our way. That obstacle can be a person, sudden change or a life-altering challenge. One of the biggest obstacles for any person is addiction. Now, when people think of addiction, their minds are prompted to think of drugs or alcohol as the main culprit, but that isn’t always the case. You can be addicted to any substance, thing or activity. If our individual lives were a movie, we’d be the hero, and we would look at that hindrance as the villain we must defeat in order to restore peace and move forward. In the history of literature and film’s iconic antagonists -- the most recognizable is the Joker -- he has taken the characteristics of a villain to new heights. The Joker first appeared in the debut issue of Batman and Robin published by DC Comics in 1940. Over the next years, the character would see various portrayals and reprisals of the acclaimed supervillain. Whether it be through comic books, graphic novels, TV shows or films, one thing is certain—the Joker remains prevalent in the mainstream culture and is the most loved, yet hated, character in the Batman franchise. One of the Joker’s main
goals is to make Batman see the similarities between them two and to convince him that they are the same. The Joker does not want to kill Batman; not in a literal sense. He wants to kill the image and the reputation of Batman. He wants to torture Batman mentally and emotionally. He wants to fill his conscience with guilt and shame. He wants to remind him of all his past mistakes and persuade him to think that the blame is solely on him. The Joker finds humor in people’s failures and downfalls. He wishes to see the city and the people Batman most cares about turn against him and see him as someone who cannot be trusted and someone who you should not put your faith in. We all have some sort of addiction, we all have a “Joker” in our life. We can be addicted to an endless amount of things. We can be addicted to smoking, drinking, gambling, pornography, TV, sports; we can even be addicted to a person, whether it be the person we are in a current relationship with or a past relationship. The Joker knows us better than anyone else, maybe even better than ourselves. He knows our strengths and weaknesses and knows what it takes to get our attention. The Joker will find us at our most vulnerable moment and will deceive us to believe there aren’t any alternatives. He also knows when things are going good for us and will find a way to play tricks on our mind to make us think it will not last. He sees us trying to stand up and trying to continue on with our lives but will do everything possible to knock us back down and keep us down. The Joker laughs in our face and
wants to cloud our minds with the constant reminder of what we are and what we do. And enslave us in this bubble of feeling ashamed of ourselves for as long as he can. He wants to make us think there’s no way out. Every time we are defeated and overcome, he literally wants to make a joke out of us. He wants us to doubt ourselves and live in a world of hopelessness. He knows who our friends and family are and he knows those we hold most dearly. His desire is to see us fall time and time again causing people to not trust in our word anymore and to turn their backs. He wants people to give up on us. He wants us to feel worthless and to take away the purpose in our life. Addiction will eat away at your soul, mind, body and heart and it will not rest until there is no trace of the person you were meant to be. In order to defeat the Joker, in order to overcome our addiction, we need to be prepared to fight and to equip ourselves with the right weapons. The first step is to admit there is something wrong, and to acknowledge our weaknesses. Once we do that, were lessening the amount of power that addiction has on us. Another thing we have to do is stop carrying the weight of guilt and shame. We all go through situations in our lives and we all suffer from different addictions. The main difference between some people is that some of us at least attempt to do something about it and others simply feel like they can’t get out of it. Some people are OK with their addiction.
Being healthy has little to do with how you look on the outside BY RYAN HOLQUIN
Do you even lift? I know I don’t. I’m lucky enough to still have somewhat of an athlete’s metabolism. Right when I started college, my parents and other relatives told me to watch what I eat when I’m out in the real world. “It’ll catch up to you.” They reminded me frequently, and still do. Women stress over having the “perfect body” obviously, but so do men; especially when all the bros are posting about their “gains” on Instagram. *unfollows* Being in shape and healthy is definitely something you have to work on constantly. As a college student, it’s difficult to buy the healthier foods and make time to either go to the gym, go running or do a couple sit-ups. It’s all about self-motivation and most days I just want to sleep. I’m starting to believe that mostly everyone that is a hardcore gym fanatic is only doing it so they can look good naked...and it’s probably just to look at themselves in the mirror right before a shower or to post a photo everywhere. I feel like it’s not even about the sports anymore or about the simple idea of staying in shape.
Illustration by Bobby Brown Just like everyone else, my weight fluctuates. Some days I eat my feelings and other days I forget to eat. “OMG, you’re so skinny!” “Do you even eat?” Being asked these questions are so irritating because yes, I know I’m thin, thank you, but you don’t have to comment on it like I’m an endangered species. Yes, I eat, probably more than I should most times. Skinny shaming is a thing, whether you want to believe it or not. Don’t tell me to eat more. I don’t tell anyone the same thing or to eat less. There have been a couple times where I felt heavily influenced to have the “perfect” body. One of the times was in eighth grade, almost all of my guy friends were lifting weights and wearing tank tops, broadcasting their three strands of underarm hair; I was a late bloomer.
The other time I felt heavily influenced to have the “perfect” body was the end of my junior year of high school. All of my guy friends were being bumped to varsity sports and I stayed on junior varsity so I actually got playing time. I pushed myself really hard in the weight room and slacked off in school. Competition can get scary. I realized once I started my senior year that school was way more important than trying to look “perfect” to play a sport that I am definitely not going pro in. I dropped sports once spring semester came around. The only thing I cared about was graduating with a “mediocre” body. Being healthy has nothing to do with the way you look on the outside. If you’re happy with the way you are and the way you look why should anything else matter?
Social Media Doesn’t Kill Human Relationships BY VIVIANA VALDEZ
Social media has taken over. It’s hard to think of a time where there weren’t sites like Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Instagram or Pinterest. Oh my, how times have changed. The only things I used a computer was for paint, Minesweeper or that awesome pinball game. People paint social media as the invention which would inevitably destroy us. There have been countless essays and debates over the topic. What are the benefits? What are the negatives? Question after question; it’s never ending. There are plenty of reasons to believe that social media benefits the world: It makes important news spread faster; it makes us aware of our surroundings. Social media has definitely made us closer to other parts of the world. We’re living in a time where the world is open to us. With a few simple keystrokes, we are able to contact anyone in the world, at any time. I’ve always favored social media for a simple reason; it has helped me deepen my friendships. Being friends on Tumblr cuts down on hanging out everyday or texting constantly. Sharing our lives online - the good and the bad, the twists and turns – with people who we think care. Generally, they do. They listen to what you have to say and help you face any problems you may have. Thanks to Tumblr, however, I’ve met some incredible people who have helped me deal with problems I’ve faced. Staying in touch with people who could have easily turned into distant memories. People often depict social media as an age of narcissism and boredom. “I fear the day that technology will surpass our human interaction. The world will have a generation of idiots.” People love to put words into Albert Einstein’s mouth. This misquoted line was most likely invented by someone looking to expose social media as the symbol for society’s decay. Is it selfish of me to enjoy Facebook for doing what people have criticized it for? Maybe, however, it makes me feel awesome when I see a simple “like” on a photo or status update from an old elementary friend. I’m happy to have a platform where I can share good news, especially to friends and family that I hardly see because of distance. It can’t be completely selfish that I enjoy seeing what’s going on in my friends’ lives as well, right?
Illustration by Bobby Brown
Rams Football Ends on a Sour note Rams season ends on last - second field goal
BY MICHAEL FORD
Rams football players and fans alike, found out first hand about the team’s loss ,31-28, to the Sierra College Wolverines on Nov. 21 in the State Center Bowl at Ratcliffe Stadium. Fresno came into the game on a roll, looking to win their second straight State Center Bowl and the final two games of the regular season against Modesto and College of the Sequoias. This wasn’t a particularly pretty game to watch either. Both sides played a sloppy game from the start, picking up penalties as if they were going out of style. In total, they combined for an incomprehensible 31 penalties for 269 yards. The Rams suffered more from their penalties than Sierra at the start though, as Fresno went scoreless in the first quarter. Starting quarterback Christian Rossi, who was playing in his final game as a Ram, was critical of his team’s lack of discipline on the field. “It’s just discipline, we have to be smarter. There’s nothing we can do about it now, but it’s tough obviously when you’re in 3rd and longs,” he said. “Obviously the defense knows that we have to get the first down. It’s tough, but you just can’t put yourself in those situations and win games; unfortunately we did that today.” Sophomore receiver Kailon Carter thought his team wasn’t playing with the fire they needed to and that was a key reason for their slow start. “It took us a while to get a sense of urgency, but we got a sense
of urgency late and I guess it was the right time, but it just didn’t end right, we tried our best and everybody left it call out there.” Fresno’s offense sprung to life in the second quarter, scoring 14 points on touchdowns by wide receiver Rashaan Miller and running back Nate Jones. Fresno wasn’t able to really take advantage of it because the defense surrendered 14 points in the quarter as well. After halftime, the Rams’ offense reverted back to where they were in the first quarter and failed to register a single score in the third quarter. Fresno’s defense was able to do just enough to keep them in the game, allowing 7 points in the third quarter. The action really got tense in the fourth quarter. With the Rams trailing by 14 points, suddenly the offense exploded. With just four minutes left in the game, Fresno linebacker John Weary recovered a fumble by Sierra quarterback Kyle Cota. The Rams were able to capitalize with a touchdown pass from Rossi to Miller, making it just a one score game at 28-21. The home team still had some work to do, and the defense was able to rise to the occasion. The Rams forced Sierra to punt the ball away. So the stage was set for Fresno to write a storybook ending to their season. Possessing the ball on their own 20, they needed to go 80 yards with just 1:34 left in the game. This adverse situation did nothing to deter the Rams from marching right down the field. With under a minute
left, Rossi delivered a clutch touchdown pass to Carter which evened the score after an extra point by kicker Eddie Padilla. With the game all tied up at 28, things certainly appeared to be heading toward overtime. The Wolverines had different plans though. With the ball and 39 seconds left on the clock to begin the drive, they moved the ball at will down field as Fresno was helpless to stop them. Cota completed several long passes to put Sierra in field goal range. Fresno’s only hope was to block the kick or have the kicker miss.
Unfortunately for them, kicker Matt Krieg nailed the 35-yard try as the clock expired, breaking the hearts of all of Fresno’s fans and players at the same time. Head coach Tony Caviglia said of the game, “We work on a no-quit attitude in practice, but we just made mistakes. All you can do is finish and play as hard as you can until the very end, but you have to play football correctly and not make mistakes, and we made too many.” Rossi finished the game with 258 yards passing with three touchdowns and one interception. Jones lead the
team in rushing with 22 yards on 12 carries and James Whitfield lead the Rams with seven catches for 89 yards. Cota was named the MVP of the game, going 30-51 with 376 yards passing with two touchdowns and 2 interceptions. Caviglia said after the game that he was immensely proud of his team’s mental toughness to stay in the game despite not playing their best. “We didn’t play great football today, but we never gave up,” he said. “We were able to tie the game but we just couldn’t hold on.”
Head Coach Tony Caviglia argues a call against Sierra, at Ratcliffe Stadium, Saturday, Nov. 21, 2015. Photo/Daisy Rodriguez
Men’s Soccer Team Loses to Evergreen Valley BY KEAUNDREY CLARK
Sports Editor email@example.com
Fresno City College Men’s Soccer fell against Evergreen Valley, 4-2 on Nov. 24 in San Jose. After being up 1-0 at half, the Rams jumped ahead 2-0 after a goal from Sergio Segura. From that point on, the Hawks asserted their will on the Rams. They scored 4 goals in the second half to end the Rams’ season. Despite the loss, the Rams had an excellent season. The Fresno City College men’s soccer team finished the season 13-6-4 and won the Central Valley Conference. A season where their best soccer came in streaks, going on a winning streak to start the year and winning streaks of four and five towards the end of the season. Offensively, the Rams struggled at times only scoring 46 goals the whole season, yet they were still able to shut teams down defensively. They only gave up an average of one goal a game. The Rams reached as high as being ranked eighth in the state, playing at a very high level when it mattered most. The team’s biggest win of the year came on Nov. 13, a 7-0 win at
College of Sequoias. With the win, the Rams clinched a share of the Central Valley Conference with Taft. Sophomore midfielder Sergio Segura was a leader for the Rams. He had eight goals this season, second most on the team. He was one of the few returning players who helped the Rams advance in the playoffs last season and this season. The Rams also got great play from their goalkeeper Jon Pulido, who recorded 13 wins on the season. The team with 22 freshmen on the team were extremely young, yet played well all season. Freshman Jose Ramirez led the Rams in scoring this year. He scored 10 goals and had 22 points overall. Having played 11 of their 17 games on the road, the Rams seized the chance to play well together and capitalized. “Our guys have fun, and I think that’s important,” Solberg said. “It breeds success throughout the program.”
Fresno City College Captain Sergio Segura finds an opening between the Solano defense, at Ratcliffe Sadium, Saturday, Nov. 21, 2015. Photo/ Daisy Rodriguez
Fall Season Roundup -- FCC Teams Excelling
Trevor Voth running at Woodward. Photo/ Hanna Wechter Mel Harris defends against Cosumnes River.Photo/Larry Valenzuela Freshman Nate Jones running the ball versus Joaquin Delta College. Photo/Daisy Rodriguez Defender Jonah Biechler. Photo/Daisy Rodriguez
Football Wrestling Volleyball M Soccer W Soccer The Fresno City College Rams football team finished the year with a 6-5 record. Quarterback Christian Rossi finished the year with with 2,801 yards, 29 touchdowns and completed 63 percent of his passes. Schools such as Pittsburgh, Buffalo, Indiana, San Diego State, Utah, Tulsa, Fresno State and Arizona State have shown interest in the quarterback. Freshman Running Back Nate Jones rushed for 875 yards and 11 touchdowns. Freshman Kailon Carter was Rossi’s go-to-guy this season with 991 yards and 10 touchdowns. He ranked top 10 in the state in both categories. Sophomore James Whitfield was solid all year with 50 receptions for 776 yards and 6 touchdowns. Sophomore safety, Tajhe Moore was one of the best in the state with three interceptions.
The Rams will head into the playoffs ranked number two in the state and looking to win a state title. They have blown out nearly every match they’ve been in. Adrian Camposano (125), Jonas Gaytan (133), Bailey Gutiérrez (141), Martine Sandoval (149), Isaiah Alva (149), Joshua Annis (157), Sebastian Suikowsky (165), Mo Nasser (174), and Casey Jones (285) are all ranked in the top 10 in their respective weight classes. As of Dec. 8, the team is 13-1 overall and 4-0 in the Coast Conference. They lost to Mt. San Antonio in the CCCAA State Dual Meet Team Championships. The 2015 CCCAA Wrestling State Championships will be held at Fresno City College on Dec. 11-12.
Rams Jenna Scrivner won the Central Valley Conference individual title. The Rams finished 2nd to Reedley for the conference title. Rams Sara Scheidt, Sami Flynn and
Amanda Scheidt all took home a medal for the Rams. Scrivner also took home league MVP Honors. Sara and Amanda Scheidt were named to the All-Conference team.
Fresno City College volleyball team made it to the NorCal regional finals where they lost a four-set match to Foothill. The Rams finished with a 22-5 record. They extended their home conference winning streak to 62 games. Their last loss coming in 2011 to Reedley College. They have won the CVC title nine years in a row. Outside hitter Niyesha Brown led the Rams in kills with 223. All- American Malerie Crenshaw was second with 204. Freshman Jenna Goldsberry was third on the team with 187. Head Coach Tracy Ainger-Schulte is 20545 in her nine years at FCC. Freshman Alexis Ceja, Goldsberry, Sydney Rigby and Breanne Dubberke led the Rams in digs with a combined 809 total.
Cross Country Fresno City College Women’s and Men’s finished fourth and fifth respectively at the NorCal Championships. Victoria Arevalo finished 22nd for the Rams and Kevin Chavira finished fifth.
The Rams had an excellent season. The Fresno City College men’s soccer team finished the season 13-6-4. They won the Central Valley Conference. The Rams also got great play from their goalkeeper Jon Pulido, who recorded 13 wins on the season. Freshman Jose Ramirez led the Rams in scoring this year. He scored 10 goals and had 22 points overall. “As a team we were pretty close so we accomplished a bond, a brotherhood that will last for a very long time,” said sophomore midfielder Jonathan Navarro.
Fresno City College women’s soccer team had one of the best seasons in school history. They finished with a record of 19-4-2, the team advanced to the State Final Four for the second year in a row. The Rams were one of the better teams in the state in a few categories throughout this season —the 9th most goals scored in state (68), second fewest goals allowed (9), and the most shutouts (15). Sophmores Yesseniah Delgadillo and Mel Harris were the only Rams to score in double digits this season. Delgadillo led the Rams with 11 goals and 31 points overall. Harris had 10 goals with 23 points overall.
Water Polo The Fresno City College Rams water polo team were freshman Kallee Olivas, who was top 15 in the conference in goals and second in goals
scored per game. Ashley Gibbs was second on the team with 28 goals.
Women’s Soccer Team Loses Championship Bid
(Right) Denisse Aguirre battling with Solano forward Nicolette Nesmith. (Top) Rams forward Jenelle Fino tries to score past Solano Goalkeeper Heather Walsh at Ratcliffe Stadium, Saturday, Nov. 21, 2015. Photo/ Daisy Rodriguez BY KEAUNDREY CLARK
Sports Editor firstname.lastname@example.org
Fresno City College women’s soccer team lost to Cerritos College, the same fate they suffered last season. The team had one of the best seasons in school history, finishing with a record of 19-4-2 and advancing to the state final four for the second year in a row. “Our girls worked so hard this year and fought until the
final whistle today,” said Head Coach Oliver Germond after a tough 3-1 loss. This Rams team was impressive all year, going undefeated until an loss versus Taft. It’s the Rams’ first conference loss in 10 years. Sophomores Yesseniah Delgadillo and Mel Harris were the only Rams to score in double digits this season. Delgadillo led the Rams with 11 goals and 31 points over-
all. Harris had 10 goal with 23 points overall. “We worked hard all year, practiced hard and connected well on the field,” said Delgadillo. They were one of the better teams in the state in a few categories throughout this season —the ninth most goals scored in state (68), second fewest goals allowed (9), and the most shutouts (15). “All season we executed,”
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Germond said. “I’m very excited for our girls to experience the final four.” It’s the fifth time FCC has made it to the final four with Germond as coach. Germond said that reaching the final four will create opportunities for the players. “It’s a very special event and will help them get seen by many four-year schools,” he said. “Our sophomores had an
amazing two years. It’s impressive to think they only lost one regular season and made two final four,” Germond sad. “They really bought into what our program is about and committed themselves.” Over the past two seasons, the Rams have won 41 games with only two losses in total. This has been one of the best runs in school history. “Go hard or go home,” Harris said. “Has been our motto.”
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