Fall 2015 Issue 3

Page 1


Rampage THE

October 7, 2015

Student-Run Newspaper of Fresno City College




Ed Lund, Curator of Art Gallery, Dies

Festival Ushers Vivid & Bright Colors


Copy Editor dchavez@therampageonline.com

Edward Lund, a local artist and curator for the Art Space Gallery at Fresno City College, died in a crash on Saturday during a charity bike ride in Sonoma County. According to the Santa Rosa Press Democrat on Oct. 3, Lund was participating in the Levi’s GranFondo charity ride when he lost control on a steep downhill stretch of mountain road north of Cazadero. The Fresno Bee shared a Facebook post Lund’s partner Selena Mitchell wrote on Sunday: “It is with great sadness that I share with you the news that the love of my life, Edward Lund, died yesterday in a bicycle race. He was doing what he loved in the passionate, beautiful way that he did everything, and for that, I find some peace. He will be deeply missed by Grace (her daughter) and I, and by all of the many people he touched in his multiple communities.” Lund had been curator at FCC since 2006. His most recent exhibit, Scott Shaver Photography & Printmaking, opened last week at the Art Space Gallery. He had already started preparations for the exhibit of the new drawing instructor, Caleb Henderson’s work. Recently, Lund organized the Faculty Biennial Art exhibit from Aug. 31 to Sept. 24. In addition to his work at FCC, Lund was also a gallery technician at Fresno State, working in the Phebe Conley Art Gallery as well as the College of Arts and Humanities Dean’s Gallery in the Music Building and the Graduate Art Studios at the M Street Arts Complex in downtown Fresno. “We were saddened to learn of the passing of Edward Lund,” President Cynthia Azari wrote to the FCC community on Monday morning. ”Our condolences go out to his family, friends and colleagues in the art community and biking community.” Both art and biking were his passions, Azari stated. In an earlier article from The Rampage, Lund described his curating style as hands on. When it came to his own artwork, Lund referred to himself, with a laugh, as a “post studio artist.” His favorite medium was installation because, he said, he liked to build things and enjoy transforming a space. Lund said that it didn’t bother him that this work was not



The Holi Festival of Colors lights up Fresno City College on Saturday, Oct. 3, 2015. Presenting live music, yoga, food from Brahma Bull and color throwing, the massive crowds cheer on performers. Photo/Daisy Rodriguez

District Launches Campaign for Bond Measure BY CRESENCIO RODRIGUEZ DELGADO Editor-in-Chief crodriguezdelgado@therampageonline.com

The State Center Community College District is gearing to launch a “robust” informational campaign to get support for a bond measure that would address the most pressing concerns for Fresno City College and the other district campuses. Bill Stewart, interim chancellor of SCCCD released a draft of proposed projects to be included in the $485 million bond mea-

sure that would go in the November 2016 ballot. For FCC, the proposal includes replacing the Math, Science and Engineering Building with a new, stateof-the-art building as well as a multi-story parking structure which the district hopes will relieve the stresses of parking at the district’s largest college. It is the chancellor’s proposal to create extensions

to FCC by building two new centers -- one in West Fresno and the other in Southeast Fresno that is creating some concern. Wendell Stephenson, president of the FCC academic senate, says he has reviewed the draft proposal and was surprised by the plan to build extensions to FCC. He said that no one at FCC, including the academ-

ic senate, was consulted with regards to the West Fresno project. “That was never talked about by anyone at FCC that I know of, and it certainly was never talked about at any of the public meetings,” Stephenson added. Stewart said his office has been working with many district and college committees to develop a priority list and will eventu-






Rampage Staff

Editor-in-Chief Cresencio Rodriguez Delgado


Chaz Bono, Activist and Author, To Speak Thursday

News Editor Chueyee Yang Copy Chief David Chavez Arts & Entertainment Editor Jasmine Yoro Bowles Opinion Editor Albertina Rodriguez Delgado Sports Editor Keaundrey Clark Photo Editor Daisy Rodriguez Multimedia Editor Larry Valenzuela Production Consultant Patrick Forrest Reporters Caleb Owens-Garrett Kageanna Garza Tylisha Riley Michael Mendez Marshaie Morgan Viviana Valdez Rudy Perez George Garnica Roman Espinoza Hanna Wechter Spencer Cyrel Mallory Michael Ford Lakenya Foster Ryan Holquin Andrea Briseno Vianey Cobian Alexxa Leyva Martinez Rampage Advisor/Instructor Dympna Ugwu-Oju dympna.ugwu-oju@fresnocitycollege.edu Contact Us Tip Line: 559.442.8262 Send Questions or Letters to the Editor to: editorial@therampageonline.com

Chaz Bono will speak at Fresno City College on Oct. 8 as part of the Speakers Forum lineup. Photo/LA Weekly BY CHUEYEE YANG

News Editor cyang@therampageonline.com

Chaz Bono, LGBTQ activist and author, will speak about his transition to a man and other LGBTQ issues during his appearance in the Old Administration Building auditorium on Oct. 8. Bono is known for his books as well as for being Chastity Bono, the former daughter of Sonny and Cher Bono, before transitioning to Chaz Bono. He will participate in an on stage,sit down interview titled, “A Conversation with Chaz Bono” with Jerry Thurston, LGBTQ Safe Space coordinator, interviewing Bono. The Fresno City College Speaker Forum “invited Chaz Bono to speak about his transition to a man,” said Kathleen Bonilla, public information officer. Thurston says this event is important to the LGBTQ community, especially the transgender and queer community. “This person is to many of them, not all of them,

a true hero, an incredible brave person,” he said. Thurston said he believes this event is also important for people who have different perspectives about the LGBTQ community. He says those people can go to the event with a different opinion but still see Bono’s side of the story at the sametime. After the presentation, Bono will be holding a book signing in Room 114 of the Old Administration Building. Bono is the author of “Transition: The Story of How I Became a Man,” “Family Outing: A Guide to the Coming Out Process for Gays, Lesbians, and Their Families,” and “The End of Innocence: A Memoir.” Admission to the 1:00p.m. event is free. For video go to www.therampageonline.com

Psych Services Host Mental Illness Awareness Week BY VIANEY COBIAN

Reporter vcobian@therampageonline.com

Fresno City College’s Psychological Services will be holding Mental Illness Awareness Week in the Free Speech Area on Oct. 5 to Oct. 9., from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. This event is to create awareness about the impact of suicide to the students and also offering different services to help students who feel hopeless and feel like there’s no way out other than suicide. “Suicide is the second highest cause of death in America for college students and just people in general,” said Elizabeth Pichardo, a member of FCC’s Active Minds. “It is something that is very relevant, and it speaks to everybody, whether we have known someone or whether we have been someone who even attempted to commit suicide.” The main event will be Silence Packing because of the large number of students that

have been lost to suicide. Hosted by active minds, Silence Packing is an annual event at FCC designed to create suicide awareness and teach how it can be prevented. Silence packing is a nationally recognized traveling exhibition of 1,100 donated backpacks that represent the number of students lost each year by the cause of suicide. Pichardo said that the Fresno county department of behavioral health will be at FCC to show their support. This event will feature information sessions, and psychology practitioners will be help students at a free service . For video go to www.therampageonline.com




FCC Opens Dream Center for Undocumented Students BY CHUEYEE YANG

News Editor cyang@therampageonline.com

Fresno City College opened the DREAM Center with an open house event and a ribbon-cutting ceremony at the courtyard behind the student services building on Sept. 29. “The DREAM Center is designed to serve our own undocumented students, students who are AB-540 [Assembly Bill-540] students and DACA [Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals] students,” Christopher Villa, vice president of student services, said during the ceremony. AB-540 “is a California law that allows qualified students to pay in-state tuition at the state’s institutions of higher education,” according to information on the FCC website. DACA stands for those who are qualified under Homeland Security’s guidelines, “to request consideration of deferred action from USCIS.” FCC has approximately 700 undocumented students who are eligible to use the services provided at the DREAM Center, including advising, counseling, financial aid assistance, registration services and more. “Those students who are undocumented need these services because we want to make sure that they are successful,” said Villa. Undocumented students can now visit the DREAM Center where the counselors specialize in advising undocumented students. Abdul Ilghazi, an international exchange student from Yemen, said, “They [DREAM Center counselors] are the best people.”

DREAM Center counselor, Noel Quintero, understands the complexities of helping students with no documentation and finds ways to lower the tuition the students pay. He guides them through the AB540 contracts which reduces their tuition from $235 to $46 per unit. “When undocumented students or AB-540 students come onto campus,” Perry Angle, TRIO director said, “now, they have a place to go.” Villa said the idea of a DREAM Center has always been around; however, it was in the summer of 2015 when FCC decided to create the DREAM Center. The DREAM Center has been open since mid-August, but it was still in the process of developing. Since its opening in mid-August, the counselors have helped between three and four students each day. The center is located in Room 108 of the Student Services Building and is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.. “This is a dream come true,” Angle said, “not just for the dreamer, but for the people that have been trying to see a center like this on campus for quite a while now.” For video go to www.therampageonline. com Roman Espinoza contributed to the story. respinoza@therampageonline.com

Cynthia Azari cutting the ribbon during the opening of the DREAM Center on Tuesday Aug. 29 2015. Photo/Larry Valenzuela

Grounds Maintenance Crews Using Latest Technology to Keep Grass Green For video, visit www.therampageonline.com

Pugh said, “it makes me kind of proud to be here and want to work out and keep going through the day of classes.” Johnson added, “If the grass is dead, you can’t really do anything; you don’t want to go to a school with dry grass.” The reason for the green grass, as this reporter discovered, is due to the work done by the grounds crew, supervised by Glen Foth, the State Center Community College District’s manager of the grounds service. Foth said that his crew has been able to keep the campus’ grass green and looking great for the students to enjoy, because of the efficient watering program. “In 2013 we used 165 million gallons of water at Fresno City College,” Foth said. “Last year, we were at about 110 million gallons of water; my goal is to Eric Pugh, in white, catches a pass from Timothy Garcia while playing football in the free speech area. be under 90 millions gallons this year.” Foth added that the grounds maintenance crew They practice and enjoy the green grass in between also uses verti-drain, a new piece of equipment their classes. Photo/George Garnica which is a soil aerifier. The verti-drain helps keep the grass green. His grounds crew uses it to aerify the athletic fields, and it allows the water to penetrate with the BY GEORGE GARNICA holes it pokes in the ground. Reporter ggarnica@therampageonline.com Foth says they are not stopping there, however, and that his office has plans to improve their waEric Pugh and Vincent Johnson practice foot- ter efficiency even more with a new state of the art ball plays in front of the free speech area regularly system set to come online this upcoming year. “We will be going into a system called the Maxbetween classes. Both men said they never paused to wonder about the freshly cut and well main- icom, which is all computerized and will do things tained green grass they play on, until they were like use the weather system we have at the Clovis campus and use that information,” said Foth. “For asked about it. “The green grass, the green trees, well yeah,” example, if it rains, we will automatically be able to shut everything off from the computer system on

my desk.” That same computer system currently runs most of the other college campuses in the district, including the Madera Center, Clovis Community College, Herndon Clovis Community Campus and the Oakhurst Center. The only colleges in the district that are not operating under the Maxicom irrigation system are FCC and Reedley College, Foth said. Foth added that the system will probably cost between $50,000 and $75,000, but that the district should recuperate that money in a couple years of savings because of the savings. “When we went to the Maxicom system in the Clovis Campus, we saw an immediate 30 percent savings in water,” Foth said. The college does not, however, have water restrictions in the athletic fields in the same way that residential customers do, Foth said. “If the schools are brown, and the parks are brown, it’s not good for the safety of the kids who are playing out there in organized sports,” Foth explained. “So the city [City of Fresno]made allowances for us to water our athletic fields three days a week versus two.” Foth said he is proud to be part involved in the maintenance of the green grass at FCC so students such as Pugh and Johnson can enjoy themselves, while still conserving water in the most efficient way possible. “It looks beautiful, no dead grass,” Johnson said. “It makes Fresno City College a great school to come to.” For video go to www.therampageonline.com




Police Looking for Suspect in Kidnapping Cases around Campus BY DAVID CHAVEZ

Copy Editor dchavez@therampageonline.com

Fresno police are looking for a man they believe is connected to two separate kidnapping attempts on Monday morning in central Fresno, just south of the Fresno City College campus. According to a bulletin released by the State Center Community College District police, the suspect is described as a Hispanic or Asian male, approximately 5 feet 11 inches tall and 230 to 250 pounds. The suspect was last seen wearing a gray long sleeve button down shirt, gray sweatpants and a gray beanie with a “pom” on top. According to a district police bulletin, the first abduction attempt occurred around 8 a.m. near Olive and Wishon avenues. The Fresno Bee reported that Lt. Joe Gomez said a woman was approached by a man in the Bank of America parking lot and asked for her phone number. When she said no, he offered her $100 to get into a van. She told the man to leave her alone, and he threatened to hit her in the face. The woman sought help from a security guard, and the man fled west on Olive. The second attempt occurred minutes later near Olive and Clark avenues. Gomez said that a man, meeting the same description, reportedly asked for a woman’s number, and when she said no, he grabbed her by the hips and tried to force her into a van. The woman was able to strike the man and fend him off. The alleged perpetrator returned to his van and drove off westbound on Olive avenue. The victims in the attempted kidnappings are not FCC students or staff, but the proximity of the incidents to FCC is concerning to some students. Lexi Lopez, a psychology major, said she does

not feel safe on the FCC campus and recalled an incident last semester when she was attacked by a homeless man. Lopez said she had noticed the man was angry about not getting the change he wanted and noticed he was headed her way. She tried to get out of his way, but the man pulled her by the hair and her “bag went flying” and her “stuff was all over the place.” A nearby football player had come to her rescue and tackled the man to the ground. She said she later reported the attack to the campus police. “There should be more security on campus, especially at night,” Lopez said in regards to what would make her feel safer. Alyssa Quintana, who is completing her general education, said if it were possible, the college should try to work on controlling who comes on campus or not. In a September interview with the Rampage, SCCCD Police Chief Bruce Hartman spoke about how situational awareness is one of the most important things people need to have. “Be aware of what is around you. Be aware of where you are,” Hartman said. He also said that if a situation were to arise when somebody comes up behind another person and he or she does not even know that they are there, all he or she can do is react. “The thing you need to do is decide in your mind of whether ‘Do I have time to get into my car or are they close enough to where when I open my door, I’m not going to be able to close it in time and save myself?’,” Hartman added.

BY THE NUMBERS • Sex Offender on Campus: 1 • Robbery on Campus: 3 • Burglary on Campus: 12 • Motor Vehicle Theft on Campus: 12

Information from 2015 - Annual Security and Fire Safety Report

Campaign l CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 ally meet with the board to discuss the proposed projects for every college -Fresno City College, Reedley College, Clovis Community College and the various centers. “We have a hazardous situation there,” Stewart said about the Math Science and Engineering Building at FCC. “It doesn’t meet the modern needs for a science building, for a community college or a college campus.” Stewart said that the draft proposal serves as a “guiding light” for the district and can change, but that the possibilities of that happening are slim. A final proposal is slated for the summer of 2016, before the November 2016 voting season. If everything goes accordingly, the proposed projects will be completed within a decade, during which time the district’s 2012-2025 Master Plan will have to be renewed. Miguel Arias, SCCCD trustee, said he supports the proposal as long as it advances the plan to build a center in West Fresno and in Southeast. “West Fresno has 100,000 people and the needs are much greater in West Fresno,” Arias said. “So we have to build something comparable in both parts of our district.” Stewart said that both centers will serve as extensions of FCC and that Annendale, the current center in Southeast Fresno will eventually be moved to the new southeast center site. Different educational services will be made available at the West

Fresno center, Stewart said. The proposed $60 million center in Southeast Fresno would use up an additional $30 million that is still available from the 2002 bond. Stewart added that the district may end up selling the plot of land where the current southeast center stands, after the services are moved to a new center. The idea for the West Fresno center, said Stewart, came to the board when they realized that the educational offerings needed to be more accessible and that the center is a chance to provide educational services that would not fit in the Southeast center. The West Fresno center would cost $10 million, according to the district’s proposal. Arias said he wants to see the district move forward with those plans in an equitable way that puts students first. Arias also said the district’s plan to continue efforts to build a center in Southeast Fresno is good, but he wants the site designated within the city limits of Fresno, where police and fire services would be available to students, and water and sewer services are placed. “We want to make sure that we build a campus with the basics in place,” Arias said. Still, Stephenson argues that having the idea of a new facility in West Fresno simply “dropped” on the college, creates much confusion. He says there are a lot of questions that the college needs answered if the district

plans to run an extended FCC facility in West Fresno. “It saps morale, because how are you going to expect us to do something that you did not consult us on?” Stephenson said. Stephenson says that the only person he can think of that would have some knowledge of such decision being made is former president, Tony Cantu, who died late last spring. “That is a serious problem,” Stephenson said. “That really stands out.” He says that he has asked Interim President, Cynthia Azari, if she knew about the new centers, specifically the West Fresno center; he said her answer was “no”. But Azari says she has only been here for four months and has not had a good chance to sit and discuss the projects. “We haven’t gotten to those discussions,” Azari said. “They may have occurred earlier, but I’ve been here four months so I’m focusing on everything else. I really haven’t spent too much time on this.” Stephenson also says that this only creates uncertainty for both the district and the college. He says that the amount allocated for the West Fresno project will not be enough to run the facility if one factors in hiring people to run it after it has been constructed. Stewart disagrees and, despite Stephenson’s concerns, said the district will still go ahead and run the informational campaign. He says the district is currently in the planning phase

but expects to launch the campaign soon. “It will be a very robust informational campaign,” Stewart said. “Eventually, there will be a consultant hired to help with the bond campaign itself.” He added that the district has already raised the funds -- all from private sources -- to run the informational campaign. Approximately 300 individuals gave funds; Stewart personally contributed $2,500. “They are people who really believe in the district and what we are doing and want these facilities and want to serve the people,” he said. The chancellor said that according to the state rules, any planning or campaigning cannot be done during district business hours, nor can the district use its own resources. All resources and campaign activities must be done outside district grounds and privately funded. Azari said there are currently plans to put together steering committees that would aide work to get support from voters; she said working with the student government is an option to create awareness about this ballot measure. Cody Sedano, a student representative who sits on SCCCD board of trustees, said the Associated Student Government likes what the district’s priorities and, despite the lack of student participation at the college, will work to spread awareness. Sedano said, “A lot of FCC students will probably be interested in this.”





New Student Equity Coordinator Ready to Tackle Systemic Inequities BY CRESENCIO RODRIGUEZ DELGADO Editor-in-Chief crodriguezdelgado@therampageonline.com

The new student equity coordinator at Fresno City College says he is entering his new position with a clear understanding of what the job entails -- understanding students. Ray Ramirez, who taught Chicano-Latino Studies and Folkloric Dance at the college for three years, said he is deeply invested in how he wants to impact students, particularly at a community college. As a self-proclaimed “positive product of inequities”, Ramirez says he has lived the experience of the damage inequity can do to students. “A lot of the stuff, it is sensitive; it is systematic; it is historical,” Ramirez said. Ramirez said he was barely able to graduate from high school or from FCC, and that he witnessed the stark impact that equity can have on a young mind. It was much later, after he transferred to California State University, Fresno that he realized that he was truly lost in the higher education system and could do much better. He told himself that he needed to make himself more accountable for his educational and professional future. With that new determination, Ramirez earned a bachelor’s degree in cultural anthropology and Chicano-Latin American studies and a master’s degree in education, specializing in higher education administration and leadership. It was only a matter of time before Ramirez would gravitate towards careers where he could positively apply his life experiences. “When we speak to student inequities,” Ramirez said, “we are speaking to historical practices, socio historical oppressions that are impacting and affecting students today and people.” As the FCC student equity coordinator, Ramirez now works with several bodies on campus, committees charged with the task of developing a plan that meets state standards for college equity and, ultimately, a plan to abolish the gaps of inequality and educational attainment. Currently, he is waiting for the technical review committee’s update of the college’s proposed student equity plan. The plan was submitted to the board of trustees in November 2014 and then to the

state chancellor’s office which provided some feedback which is now being integrated into the plan. Last year, the college had created a task force to develop this committee, drawn from various constituencies in the college. Ramirez says that while the committee reviews the plan, it remains “fluid”, meaning it can change at any moment depending on what recommendations or issues may arise with it. He added that It is not something that is final. “It is ongoing and we are always going to be updating this document as long as the funding is there,” Ramirez said. “It will be as final as it can be at that time to submit.” The finalized plan is due at the state chancellor’s office on Dec. 18.

“A lot of the stuff, it is sensitive; it is sytematic; it is historical.” -Ray Ramirez FCC Student Equity Coorniator

Ramirez says he is ready for the challenges of his new position, not only in the short term, but in the long term as well. “Through courses that I have taught, I’ve real2-18_Distribution_final.pdf 1 2/3/15 9:36 AM ly been able to connect with students,” he said. “It positions me to connect with the campus and learn about the culture through those groups of students, and I’m all about that; I’m all about learning things culturally.” Ramirez says that by continuing to teach on campus and now heading a vital aspect of the largest learning institution in the district, he is able to stay connected to the learning environment. “I’m very engaged in the learning environment,” Ramirez said. “So, the more I am engaged with that, the more it keeps my practitioner tools sharpened.” On how he got the position, Ramirez said that his Ray Ramirez was hired as the new student colleagues and friends reached out to him when the equity coornidator at Fresno City College. Photo Courtesy/Ray Ramirez

Health Center to Provide Acupuncture Services BY ANDREA BRISENO

Reporter abriseno@therampageonline.com C

So you want to try alternative medicine? You don’t have to look far. In the coming months, the college’s health services will be offering acupuncture services to current students. Licensed acupuncturist will be available once a week, providing 30-minute sessions for students. One room will be solely dedicated to the service. “We wanted to offer some alternatives that would be meaningful for the student body,” Lisa Chaney, health services coordinator at Fresno City College, said. The FCC Health Center is working with a group that has had experience in providing acupuncture services at other colleges. This team will provide the health center with a system for a framework for many things such as the number of treatments a students will be able to receive per semester. The service will be covered

student equity coordinator job was advertised by the State Center Community College District. “A vast amount of people contacted me,” Ramirez said. “I had people reaching out to me saying, ‘Ray, you have got to check out this position, it looks like it was specifically written for you.’” He had to see for himself. Ramirez eventually gave the opening a look and realized not only did the job description appeal to him, the position was indeed calling for him, so he immediately applied last spring. Ramirez said, “It was right in line, parallel with my interest.” Perhaps the most important information Ramirez wants the FCC community to understand is that the urgent matter of student equity is not a one-man job. “Student equity is the responsibility of the institution, everyone,” he said. “The more people are informed, the more students are going to be positively impacted by the student equity plan.”

under the health fee. “It’s great for musculoskeletal pain,” Chaney said. In addition, the service can boost the immune system, relieve stress and help with sleep issues. Chaney says research shows acupuncture stimulates the brain to provide pain relief to the areas being treated. For example, if the acupuncturist is stimulating the hip area, that area will light up in the brain and provide relief. “I’ve tried it,” Chaney said. “I love acupuncture.” Along with Chaney, several students have the same positive outlook on acupuncture. “I’d be down for that. I remember getting acupuncture and it was so relaxing, it put me to sleep one time,” Connor Ames, first year student said. “That’s very interesting,” Ray Sandoval, second year student said. Despite the positive outlook

on acupuncture, some students are concerned with sanitary isM sues. Ames said he feels uneasy about how the needles will be Y cleaned. Chaney reassures, “All of the productsCM are one-time use and they will be disposed.” Further information about MY the service will be posted on the Health Center’s website. CY Chaney also said that the Health Center is constantCMY ly striving to provide various services that promote student health. Furthermore, the center K is looking to establish an advisory board of students to provide students’ point of view about how health services can be better fulfilled. Chaney would like feedback on other services students would be interested in. She invites students to send her an email or stop by the health center with their ideas.



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Changes Simplify Financial Aid Application Process BY CRESENCIO RODRIGUEZ DELGDAO Editor-in-Chief crodriguezdelgado@therampageonline.com

Kira Tippins, financial aid director at Fresno City College, says President Barack Obama’s new initiative for students who apply for financial aid is simplifying the process and lifting the burden many students face in seeking financial support for their education. According to a White House news release, the Obama administration has taken steps to make it easier than ever to apply for and gain access to federal grants and loans. The administration has also updated the online form so families can skip questions that are not relevant to them. Current changes already in place include the ability for families to retrieve their IRS income information electronically; more than six million students and their parents have taken advantage of this new feature, according to the White House. But the larger issue that the Obama administration is hoping to tackle is how to make more students aware of the opportunities for financial aid and grants. “An estimated 2,000,000 students who are enrolled in college and would be eligible for a Pell Grant never applied for aid,” the White House stated. “An unknown number failed to enroll in college because they did not know that

aid is available.” The White House says that available data show that two factors -- FAFSA’s application start date, currently set for Jan. 1 and timing of tax filing deadline -- impede the financial aid application process. The tax retrieval tool is only available to FAFSA applicants who have already filed their taxes. Tippins, financial aid director at Fresno City College, says the college typically gets a lot of students who apply for financial aid but have not necessarily filed their taxes yet. “The way it will work is rather than using 2015 [tax returns], it would go back even further; one more year,” Tippins said. She said students would be basing their income on two years ago since most of the time, it is difficult to retrieve the latest information in time to qualify for financial aid. Starting in 2016, the 2017-18 FAFSA application will become available in October, much earlier than its current January opening date. Tippins says this additional feature would aid in making students more aware of the opportunities. She says it also helps since the college reaches out to about 27 high schools during the winter months to get them ready for college. But Kippins says not always will one of these changes help students. Many students might find themselves getting less financial



aid while some may find themselves receiving more than usual, all due to the amount they report using the “prior-prior” strategy; a way to submit two-year-old documents rather than the current ones not readily available. “Every time a student does an application, they get an [expected family contribution] EFC,” Kippins says. “The higher your EFC is, the less financial aid you are going to qualify for because the formula shows that your family can contribute more toward your educational expenses.” Likewise, When a student’s EFC is low, the college takes their application through a different formula to calculate the expense of college and ultimately determine their financial aid eligibility. “California students get a [Board of Governors] fee waiver to pay tuition, their Pell Grant, if [they] get Cal Grant, anything else; all gets figured in, and you cannot exceed that unmet need,” Kippins said. However, Kippins says that everything is so new, and her office, which processes approximately 30,000 applications every year, currently does not know what to expect with the new changes. Kippins says, however, that as long as it benefits and serves students, “we are all about that.’ “Change is always hard, and financial aid is like 90 percent law,” Kippins said. “So it is going to be a difficult transition I think, but we will do it.”

permanent; “the experience of the viewer” was his motivation. With installation, Lund said, you can “create a work, document it, take it apart and if you need it, do it again.” Deborah McGauley, a student aide who worked with Lund at the Art Space Gallery said she is still in shock about Lund’s death. “We just talked to him Thursday during the Art Hop reception,” McGauley said. McGauley said she will always remember his eye for art and how passionate he was about it. “The man had three galleries he was working on. He would pick the artist, he would bring in the art and then hang it all up himself,” McGauley said. “He had a good eye for art and how to display it.”

Ed Lund, curator of the Fresno City College Art Space Gallery, was killed in a bicycle accident on Oct. 4, 2015. Photo/Patrick Forrest

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Delegate My Style “You can call me the fashion senator”Delagate Mando Manfredonia BY JASMINE YORO BOWLES

Arts & Entertainment Editor jyorobowles@therampageonline.com

Mando Manfredonia is a delegate of Fresno City College, a senior senator campus-wide and the senator representing the business division. Manfredonia said his work as senator involves talking to students about how they “feel about their curriculum and what problems they may be having; if their class is too small, not being able to transfer because of specific credits, or if they think their credits are more than what they need to be.” He added, “[As a delegate], we talk about overall campus issues.” But when it comes to fashion, Manfredonia goes from business-professional to casual college student with ease. He gets inspiration from “a variety of things.” Manfredonia said, “It mostly comes from my personality.” Typically, if he feels “confident, responsible and mature,” then he’ll dress in a suit, “something respectable,” said Manfredonia. “They’re very conforming; they fit well and they look nice.” Manfredonia says he would wear this style of fashion everyday. “If I was rich, I would,” he said. “This is a lovely style.” “If I’m working on my car or something, then I’ll dress in my Levi pants” and a “T-shirt, not too many logos or symbols-kind of plain...not too much,” he said. Manfredonia’s fashion is also influenced by old Western clothes. He likes to take certain styles he likes and “conform it to how I want it to make me look and feel.” Men’s Wearhouse is his go-to place for his suits, “as long as they are of a nice quality and look good,” he said. One of his go-to

brands is Marc Anthony, “It is what it is-Marc Anthony everything.” His suits are his everything, although, he also likes shoes. “I can go to different styles, like hip hop,” he said. “I really like Nike Air Flights, but more than anything; I like my Stacy Adams shoes.” Manfredonia said, “I’m not high or low maintenance, as long as it looks good and well put together.”

“If I feel confident, responsible and mature, then I’ll dress in a suit.” -Mando Manfredonia

His vintage-esque mustache was inspirited by his “wild, crazy, very outspoken, and somewhat intense Italian” uncle. “He has this huge white mustache...I was like ‘hey, that’s a nice mustache!’” “I was just inspired,” Manfredonia said. “It’s not so much for the attention, it’s more like an accessory.” Manfredonia sees the mustache as a unique feature. He said, “For the most part, it makes me feel comfortable within.”

Mando Manfredonia. Photo/Larry Valenzuela

Game room gives students needed downtime BY RUDY PEREZ

Reporter rperez@therampageonline.com

College can be such a stressful and worrisome time in a student’s life. It can be difficult for students to stop and smell the roses at Fresno City College. Whether it is worrying about upcoming tests, essays or any other assignments in school or about work, family life outside of school, FCC has a place where all those worries can seemingly be forgotten. The Student Activities Game Room is such a place -- where FCC students can take a breather, relax and have a good time. Sarah Gonzales, a 24-year-old business major, works at the game room and described it as a place where “you don’t have to focus academically; you have some of that social aspect in college.” Gonzales said she believes the idea of having a game room on campus is not original. “I think they tried to mimic Fresno State’s (recreation) center. They have a pool table, a game console place, arcade room”, Gonzales said. “I think they’re just trying to give students some extra curricular activities between classes.” Melissa Hernandez, an 18-year-old

FCC student, is one of many students who frequent the game room. “If you have free time, you can come in here and play with your friends,” Hernandez said. Luis Silva, a 19-year-old culinary major, says she enjoys the downtime that the game room offers. He said that the game room helps students not to worry about classes they have and spend their free time at the game room. Silva said the game room can benefit FCC students. “They have a place to come to and play,” Silva said, “have a good time with their friends.” Many students would love a place like this but just do not know that one exists on campus or all the activities that the game room offers. Luis Silva explained his favorite part of the game room was the “pool because there are a lot of people that are good and we have some competition.” Silva is in luck. A pool tournament starts in the Student Activities Game Room on Oct. 22, 2015 from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. The entry price into the tournament is $3 if paid in advance and $5 on the day of the competition.

Student playing pool during his lunch break in the Game Room on Fresno City Campus. Monday, Oct. 5, 2015. Photo/Hanna Wechter




“Detroit” Handle

Director Chuck Er


Arts & Ente jyorobowles@thera

Q. A.

What is Detroit about?

“Detroit” is often referred to a comic drama; it works on the level of a comedy and the level of a drama. There are lots of things that are very funny with it and some issues with it, although it is not an issue play.

It has a lot of serious moment with the characters; it basically is a play that takes place in suburbia. It doesn’t necessarily take place in Detroit; it’s just called Detroit because that’s the city that was devastated by the recession big time, so the play is about these characters who are grappling with upheaval [the recession] in 2008 and 2009. So it could take place in any suburban city; it could really have taken place in Fresno in many ways. It’s about two couples who seem to be very dissimilar from each other. [One of the couples] seems to be a little bit more together; they have jobs, own a house; they seem to be together. There’s another couple who moved in next door to what they thought was an abandoned house, but they moved in, and they are completely different from [the neighbors] . We find out they were in rehab, and they have all these issues going on, and they just seem very dissimilar to each other. But as the play goes on, you find out in many ways they are very similar to each other. They begin to affect each other. One couple is kind of wild, and the other is sort of conservative, and they begin to change each other and affect each other in unpredictable ways. It’s often called hyper realism for very realistic plays. It takes place in front yards and backyards of the two houses. It’s almost like a sitcom.

Felicia Sanchez as Sharon and Steve Weatherbee as Ben during a dress rehearsal of the play “Detroit” on Tuesday Sept. 29, 2015. “Detroit” will be showing in the Fresno City College Theater Oct. 8,9 and 10. Photo/Patrick Forrest

“Detroit” will be playing on Oct. 8, 9 and 10 at 7:30 p.m. and again $12 for students, seniors and FCC staff. A group of 10 or more can at the FCC Box Office, online at www.fresnocitycollege.edu/boxoffi



BECAUSE THEY SUPPORT OUR COMMUNITY.” – Derek & David Carr “One of the things we’ve always loved about the Central Valley is the way we help each other. The spirit of teamwork flows through the entire region, and no one embodies that spirit like EECU. Because for EECU, working together to support the community isn’t just a nice thing to do, it’s who they are. So thanks, EECU members, for joining together and supporting the community that has always supported us!”

EECU is a proud supporter of Bulldog Athletics.


es Tough Issues



rven on FCC play


ertainment ampageonline.com

Q. A.

Why was this play chosen?

It was one of the best scripts to come out in a while. We had students we knew could do the show. [The play] was a Pulitzer Prize finalist, one of the best plays in 2012, listed as one of the top three plays in the country that year. Won all sorts of awards. It has a lot to say about what’s going on in the country and in Fresno in terms of people dealing with economic situations and jobs being lost and how you deal with that, how you try not to be frightened by it, but in fact it’s very frightening. They’re very real issues that connect to people. When people see this play, they’ll be like, ‘Oh, I know those people; I’ve been in that situation; my parents were in that situation.’ Will we be seeing any new and returning faces?

Q. A.

There are people that have been in a number of shows, and there are some people that are new. We have cast members who have been in four to five plays here and elsewhere; one who was in “Avenue Q”. there will be a number of new faces too. Each cast gets four performances; we’re running a total of eight performances.

n on Oct. 9 and 10 at 2 p.m. Tickets are $14 for the general public, n purchase tickets for $8 each. Tickets can be purchased in person fficetickets or by calling the Box Office at (559) 442-8221

Felicia Sanchez as Sharon gives a hypersexual gesture during a dress rehearsal of the play “Detroit” on Tuesday Sept. 29, 2015. “Detroit” will be showing in the Fresno City College Theater Oct. 8,9 and 10. Photo/Patrick Forrest



American Horror Story: Hotel BY JASMINE YORO BOWLES

Arts & Entertainment Editor jyorobowles@therampageonline.com

The macabre gore-fest “American Horror Story” is returning for a fifth season tonight. Season one, “Murder House” (2011), was set in present day but frequently time hops to and from history. It’s based on a family, the Harmons, who had moved to Los Angeles as a band-aid to parental infidelity and the trauma of a miscarriage. The Harmons are ignorant of the history of the previous owners of their new home and that they just so happen to still reside there. Season two, “Asylum” (2012), was set in the mid ‘60s at a mental institution. The story follows the patients, the estranged staff and some unexpected outsiders; one of them Maroon 5’s Adam Levine. This season also jumps back and forth between 1964 and present-day. Season three, “Coven” (2013), was set in present day New Orleans where a small coven for new and young witches descending from Salem’s ancestors, disguised as an academy, fight for their lives from both the present and past evils. The coven also deals with the reckless antics of their supposed leader. “Coven” continues with the recurring flashbacks each episode. Season four, “Freak Show” (2014), set in the early ‘50s in Florida, reveals the struggles of one of the last surviving freak shows in the U.S. A few roles from “Asylum” were also reprised in this season; it’s the first season that did this. Season five is “Hotel” (2015), starring many familiar “AHS” faces like Evan Peters, Sara Paulson, Emma Roberts, Kathy Bates, Denis O’Hare and Lily Rabe. “AHS: Hotel” also has a handful of new main and recurring cast members, but also familiar stars; the likes of pop star and mother monster Lady Gaga, Matt Bomer (“White Collar”), Wes Bentley (“American Beauty,” “Ghost Rider”), and supermodel Naomi Campbell. Sadly, this will be the first season without Jessica Lange, who is highly praised for her roles in “American Horror Story.” This season was inspired by the Cecil hotel in downtown Los Angeles. “Hotel” is set in the Hotel Cortez in Los Angeles. It is expected to be even darker than its previous seasons and will also be reprising a few roles from “Murder House.” Wes Bentley stars as detective John Lowe investigating homicides in Los Angeles, where he winds up at the Hotel Cortez for his investigation. Lady Gaga plays the bloodthirsty fashionista, Countess Elizabeth, and owner of the the Cortez. “American Horror Story: Hotel” could be the potential love child of “the Shining” (1980), Guillermo del Toro, the Tower of Terror and Lady Gaga’s eccentricism. One of the most exciting things to come from the new season will be the incredible special effects makeup, hopefully from Christien Tinsley and his talented team. Season five premieres tonight at 10 p.m. on FX.


The Big Fresno Fair 2015 • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Table Mountain Concert Series Jeff Foxworthy- Oct. 7 The Band Perry- Oct. 8 Nelly- Oct. 9 Jack & Jack with Laura MaranoOct. 10 Gabriel Iglesias- Oct. 10 Roberto Tapia- Oct. 11 Paul Anka- Oct. 12 Lecrae- Oct. 13 Randy Houser- Oct. 14 311- Oct. 15 Diana Ross- Oct. 16 Sabrina Carpenter- Oct. 17 2 Chainz- Oct. 17 Gloria Trevi- Oct. 18


Arts & Entertainment Editor jyorobowles@therampageonline.com

It’s that time of year again; the Big Fresno Fair is back and opening today! The Big Fresno Fair is the fifth largest fair in California and has numerous events and attractions for all the family. This year, the Table Mountain Concert Series will be presenting performances by artists such as 311, Diana Ross, 2Chainz, Nelly, the Band Perry, Gabriel Iglesias, Lecrae, and many more. The Pavilion will also be hosting free shows, featuring cover and tribute bands. The Big Band Review will be holding its fifth annual competition today at 1 p.m. It will feature 25 marching bands from local junior high and high schools. There will also be carrying on the tradition of the live horse races. This fun and exciting event is free with fairgrounds admission and has multiple horse racing events from Oct. 8-18. Each year, attendees anticipate the many interesting (and mainly deep fried) food options

that the fair has to offer. From deep fried Oreos and Twinkies to traditional fair food corn dogs; plus the cinnamon rolls that are worth the extensive wait in line. Chicken Charlie, the “King of Deep-Fried,” will also be returning to the fair this year. It wouldn’t be a fair without the thrill of carnival rides. There’s something for everyone to enjoy, from kids rides to roller coasters. To celebrate opening day, today is $1 Carnival Ride Wednesday and on Oct. 14 it will be $2 Carnival Ride Wednesday. In between your deep-fried feasting and your screaming on the rides, take a break to showcase your skills by participating in the carnival games throughout the fair; who knows, you might win an unnecessarily large minion or a pet goldfish! There will an exhibit that showcases Fresno County’s history and a Big Fresno Fair museum that recounts the past 132 years of the fair. Plus enjoy fine art and photography from local artists from around the valley.

New TV Shows to Obssess Over This Year BY VIVIANA VALDEZ

Reporter vvaldez@therampageonline.com


Scream Queens (FOX) – The latest creation from Glee/ American Horror Story executive producer, Ryan Murphy. Revolving around a snooty sorority and a homicidal maniac along with a series of murders, what’s not to like? Featuring an impressive cast – Emma Roberts (American Horror Story), Lea Michele (Glee), Keke Palmer, Nick Jonas, Abigail Breslin, Ariana Grande and the scream queen herself, Jamie Lee Curtis. Scream Queens airs Tuesday nights on FOX.


Ash Vs. Evil Dead (STARZ) – The horror antics of the Evil Dead franchise are back for a 10-episode series from director Sam Raimi, producer Rob Tapert and Bruce Campbell reprises his role as Ash Williams. Thirty years after the events of Army of Darkness (the third installment of the Evil Dead franchise), the series follows Ash as he battles a new Deadite plague. Cast members include: Lucy Lawless, Ray Santiago, Dana DeLorenzo and Jill Marie Jones. Ash Vs. Evil Dead debuts Halloween night on Starz.


Grandfathered (FOX) – John Stamos (Full House) stars in this warm-hearted comedy as a workaholic bachelor with a perfect, carefree lifestyle until he discovers he’s a father and a grandfather. Josh Peck (Drake and Josh), Paget Brewster (Criminal Minds) and Christina Milian also star. Grandfathered airs Tuesday nights on FOX.


Supergirl (CBS) – It’s a bird. It’s a plane. It’s not a man. Wait – it’s Supergirl! Move along, Clark Kent. Supergirl’s got this. From the world of DC Comics, Melissa Benoist (Glee) suits up as Kara Zor-

El, Superman’s cousin. Watch this bubbly heroine save the city from chaos and balance work life from her nightmarish boss. Calista Flockhart, Dean Cain, Mehcad Brooks, Jeremy Jordan and Chyler Leigh also star. Supergirl makes its debut October 26 on CBS.


Crazy Ex-Girlfriend (The CW) – Rebecca Bloom stars in this hour-long musical series as Rebecca Bunch. A determined (and possibly loony) young woman who gives up her job to desperately reconcile with an ex-boyfriend. It’s all in the title, people. Crazy Ex-Girlfriend premieres Oct. 12 on The CW.


Fear The Walking Dead (AMC) – A prequel to the hit AMC series The Walking Dead. Set in Los Angeles during the beginning of the zombie outbreak that has destroyed mankind by the time Andrew Lincoln’s Rick Grimes wakes from his coma in the original series. Starring Alycia Debnam-Carey (The 100), Kim Dickens, Frank Dillane, Ruben Blades, Lorenzo James Henrie, Mercedes Mason and Elizabeth Rodriguez (Orange Is the New Black). Fear The Walking Dead airs Sunday nights on AMC.


Heroes Reborn (NBC) – A reboot of the NBC series ‘Heroes’. This time with new and some returning cast members. The 13-episode miniseries displays elements of the show’s first season, with characters discovering their superhuman abilities. Along with dark stories that will surely make it hard to put down the remote. Returning faces will reprise their roles, including Greg Grunberg, Masi Oka, Jack Coleman, among others. Heroes Reborn airs Thursday nights on NBC.


The Muppets (ABC) – Everyone’s favorite Muppets are back, and this time they’re bringing the sass. Making their comeback to television in the form of a mockumentary about what goes on behind the scenes of a late night talk show, hosted by the hilarious Miss Piggy. Join Kermit and the rest of the Muppet gang as the show dives further into their personal lives and relationships. Targeted toward a more adult audience, this show is still fun for kids of all ages. The Muppets airs Tuesday nights on ABC.


DC’S Legends of Tomorrow (The CW) – With The CW expanding its superhero slate – what better is it than to gather up the heroes & villains from the DC universe and throw them all together. It’s up to one man to assemble a group of heroes and villains to take down an unstoppable threat. Will the team be able to push aside their differences? Will the team work together to save the world? The world needs legends. DC’s Legends of Tomorrow is set to premiere in January 2016.


Marvel’s Jessica Jones (Netflix) – Following the success of ‘Daredevil’, it’s not surprising Marvel is ready to come out with another Marvel/Netflix series. This time featuring ex-superhero, Jessica Jones. The series will revolve around Jones’ job as a private detective, all while struggling with PTSD from her past. Krysten Ritter (Don’t Trust the B**** in Apt. 23) takes on the lead role. Other cast members, include: David Tennant, Mike Colter, Carrie-Anne Moss and Rachael Taylor. Marvel’s Jessica Jones premieres on November 20, 2015 on Netflix.



Model with Down Syndrome Triumphs Despite Incredible Odds

Living at My Own Time and Pace

BY ALBERTINA RODRIGUEZ DELGADO Opinion Editor arodriguezdelgado@therampageonline.com


Madeline Stuart, an Australian model with Down syndrome, has done it. Stuart was finally able to make her big modeling debut in the New York Fashion Week (NYFW), showing to the whole world that anything really is possible. She is only the second model with Down Syndrome to be able to walk a runway [American Horror Story actress Jamie Brewer was the first]. Staurt’s debut was highly anticipated as Stuart’s photos went viral on Facebook, earlier this year. With a confident posture, Stuart walked in the Hendrik Vermeulen’s 2016 Spring collection, during the NYFW. “Maddy really wants to change the way people discriminate against disability through gaining attention through social media,” according to information on her website. “She wants people to know that Down Syndrome is a blessing, something to be celebrated.” Stuart’s story is a unique and refreshing one; she knew what she wanted and did not hesitate to go after it. Yes, big things are happening due to her determination--Stuart is currently working with a handbag company, everMaya, and will be the face of a new line of handbags, according to a Cosmopolitan interview with her mother. Stuart made an impact in the modeling world because she has Down Syndrome -- her mere presence is a break from the “social norm”. I am glad to see that everyone is open and positive about having her walking down the catwalk--models have even taught her a few tricks here and there, according to her mother. But my question is, is she only a model because of her condition? If she didn’t have Down Syndrome, would she still have been able to become a model? Would fashion designers have chosen her in this very competitive career? But nonetheless, she is really proving that determination is key to whatever you want to achieve in life--whether it’s becoming a model or getting that dream job, stay focused and never quit, despite the odds.

Madeline Stuart, 18, walking the Hendrik Vermeulen runway at New York Fashion Week on Sept. 13, 2015 Photo/ kvil.cbslocal.com


Reporter amartinez@therampageonline.com

“How old are you?” Simple question, right? It’s just a number, right? I wish that was my mindset. I wish I didn’t get a rush of anxiety every time someone asked me that question. It’s not easy to answer. It’s not simple to say, “Oh, I’m 24, and I don’t have much to show for it.” I used to think so highly of people my age when I was younger. I always assumed that 24-year-olds had it all together and lived fabulous lives. There was such a rush for me to get there. I thought I’d be finishing up a nursing program, house shopping, maybe even married with children. Now I’m here, still trying to figure things out. “How old are you” always leads to other questions. What are you doing with your life?

You’re still in school? What’s your major? What are your plans after school? How do you plan on supporting yourself? Do you want to get married? Are you planning on having children? How am I supposed to know all of that? That’s my question. When do I start figuring out my life? If it was by society’s unrealistic standards, I’d be a college graduate right now. Probably married too. Maybe even have a baby. That just wasn’t my path. Now I deal with the stigma all the time because I’m 24, but not where I’m expected to be. It’s almost unbearable. Things were easier when I was 19, and making mistakes that no one was worried about because my age made it understandable. I didn’t have direction, I didn’t know how quickly 19 turned into mid-twenties. Now I’m a communications major at a city college holding a part-time job, and I’m filled with shame because that’s how I’ve been conditioned to feel. When I tell someone about my position in life and what my age is,they can’t help but let the expression of dissatisfaction surface on their faces. It kills me every time. I mean, I’m only 24! I still have time, right? I’ve experienced so much. I’ve been lucky enough to

live so much life. Yet because I haven’t graduated college or anything of that nature, that automatically equals I’ve done nothing of substance? Wrong. I’ve met incredible people. I’ve loved, and I’ve lost. I’ve been to beautiful cities. I’ve drunk too much; I’ve eaten too much; I’ve laughed too much. I was able to fully experience college through my friends who attended a UC. I broke a few laws, and I made memories that I wouldn’t trade for the world. I have had an unbelievable amount of fun and experienced different lives in one lifetime. I have done so much. I don’t feel unaccomplished; I only feel challenged. I only feel like graduating college and getting married and meeting society’s standards tied to my age will be another part of my life when I’m ready for it. There’s no reason to be ashamed of who you are or anything you have or haven’t done at any age. There’s no age requirement for how to live life. Everything you want to do and how you want to do it is just fine. You can be a happy 21-year-old housewife, or you can be a happy 32-year-old single wanderlust and both of those are just fine. As far as I go, I’m going to stop saying I’m too old for things. The world is my oyster and I’m going to eat it up.

Get Involved and Enhance Your College Experience


Reporter mmorgan@therampageonline.com

Illustration/Bobby Brown.

If you are looking for a more meaningful college experience, get involved in campus activities. Play a sport; join a campus club or a special programs -- you’ll be happy you did. In addition to the obvious benefits, you’ll gain discipline and valuable social skills that will stay with you for a lifetime. Numerous clubs here on campus appeal to a diversity of interests, and they try to recruit students during club rushes. Joining a club will help you meet other students and you can get really involved in doing what you already love. There is always something for everyone--and if not, you can always gather enough people and start your own club. Also, clubs can provide many volunteering opportunities which look good on your resume. Many students are surprisingly unaware of special programs which are here to benefit students. The EOPS program, for example, helps students purchase their text-

books; the Puente program helps students transfer to four-year universities to earn their degrees and return to the community as successful leaders and mentors; the TRIO program helps motivate students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Lena Stevenson, a communications major, said he has benefitted hugely from one of the programs. “The SYMBAA [Strengthening Young Men By Academic Achieve-

“I was actually homeless and I had no car, no nothing before I had involved myself with this program.” -Lena Stevenson

ment] program actually saved my life,” Stevenson said. “It has made a big change in my life.” He said he was desolate and homeless. “I had no car, no nothing before I had involved myself with this program. It just has a sense of community, teamwork, and communication.” Joining the program helped his confidence and he has been on the dean’s list for the two years he’s been in this program. Stevenson said he “literally came from nothing,” but now, he is on his way to great success. You never know what opportunities there are if you don’t try and put yourself out there. Clubs, sports and special programs are designed to help you with all aspects of your life. Whenever you join or become a part of something, you are opening new doors for yourself that will create many great memories and meet people who will be in your life forever.



10 Ways to Turn Procrastination into Productivity

Illustration/Bobby Brown.


Reporter vvaldez@therampageonline.com

Let’s be real. There’s something else you should be doing right now, right? Heck, I’ve even procrastinated writing this article. Which is ironic, I know. An hour of homework and/or study time, then take a two-hour Netflix/Tumblr break. Productive? In my universe, yes. To others, not so much. I bet you’re asking, “How can I stop procrastinating and focus on being productive?” Here are some helpful tips:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Limit social media


Planned Parenthood Should Remain Funded to Continue Providing Services BY THE RAMPAGE EDITORAL BOARD editorial@therampageonline.com

We can all agree that education is extremely important for any community. Why then is the Republican-led Congress trying to defund Planned Parenthood which serves the first point of medical care and health education to large communities in America? For most Americans, Planned Parenthood is the place to go for education on birth control and STD prevention and pap smears and screening for breast cancer, and yes, prenatal care. Conservatives are fighting to defund Planned Parenthood because of videos that have surfaced which suggest the organization disposes post-abortion fetal tissue in questionable ways. The recent hate rhetoric is simply muddying what is an otherwise essential aspect of any community whether it is an upscale Fresno neighborhood or an impoverished part of town. Whether one is pro-choice or not, we must look beyond abortion and consider the services Planned Parenthood provides to millions of women, men and whole families throughout the U.S. By its very nature, Planned Parenthood is here to educate and, yes, save lives by preventing diseases which would otherwise be undiagnosed. Here are some facts about Planned parenthood that many detractors choose to ignore.

The agency has been in service for 97 years, serving all demographics but largely serving communities with limited access to medical care. Seventy nine percent of those who use Planned Parenthood’s services have incomes at or below 150 percent of the federal poverty level. More than 84 percent of patients are at least older than 20 years old. Forty-two percent of the services offered by Planned Parenthood is for treatment and testing for sexually transmitted diseases, according to a Washington Post report. Thirty-four percent of Planned Parenthood’s services are for contraception; 9 percent of services is devoted to cancer screening or protection. Eleven percent of efforts by the agency is used for other women’s health services, and 1 percent is used for other types of services. Only 3 percent of the services offered by Planned Parenthood are abortion services which, as has been confirmed over and over, are not funded by federal dollars. It is a new low in our political discourse when a few strong voices threaten to defund an agency that serves so many with little to no voice or power. Planned Parenthood serves an average of 2.7 million women and men in its 700 clinics each day. An attack against Planned Parenthood is just an extension of the war against the under privileged who do

not have access to more healthcare options. Have these people considered what would happen if Planned Parenthood loses its ability to provide the services it currently does? One in five women in the country uses Planned Parenthood’s services, a significant chunk of the female population might be left with inadequate resources for treatment for preventable diseases. A review of what happened in Texas after the state defunded Planned Parenthood might provide a clue about possible consequences. According to a Texas Health and Human Services Commission study, there was an average 25 percent drop statewide, with two of 11 HHSC regions reporting more than 50 percent drops. Additionally, some Texas patients had trouble finding alternate sources of family planning because other providers in their area had limited or no experience in providing specialized family planning services. Dawn Laguens, the executive vice president of Planned Parenthood Action Fund, said defunding the organization would cut off “patients who rely on publicly funded programs for health care, and millions of people would struggle to access quality reproductive health care -period.” Is that what we need in our society?

Campus Voices:

Should People Have the Right to End Their Lives?

Ed. note: On October 5, 2015, the governor of the state of California, Jerry Brown signed into law legislation that would make it legal for people to end their lives voluntarily. ABX15, also known as “End of Life Option Act” became state law despite controversey. The Rampage asked Fresno City College students what they thought about this bill. Photos/Patrick Forrest

Work first, friends come second

Step away from the Netflix

It’s a bird, it’s a plane, it’s... airplane mode!

Set deadlines

“I’ve thought about that before; I never know what side to go for. I mean, I guess you wouldn’t want to keep going with the suffering; if you want to die, I guess you want to die.” -Alexa Martinez, Fine Arts

“Yes, I would support it because who would want to stay in the hospital if you know you’re not going to get any better?” -Kajinique Wilson, Kinesiology

“Yes. I think people and their families should have the right if they are in grave danger or they’re in such a critical situation that cannot be recovered [from], they should have the right to end their life. -Munna Ahad, Computer Science

Let music be your guide

Start snacking my friend

Make priorities a priority

Don’t multitask; it’s a trap

Mind on the money, and money on your mind

“I support it. My grandpa had cancer, and he wanted us to pull the plug. He suffered because we didn’t. I saw him suffer and cry and it hurts.” -Andrew Yang, X-Ray Tech Radiology

“Yes, life is a choice. It’s my choice. Life is hard. If I’m dying and I know I’m dying, I can be in pain and I can be suffering; don’t you think that’s kind of cruel and unusual at the same time when someone says, ‘No, you can’t [end your life].’” Jared Martin, Health and Medical Science

“Yes, because it’s their life. Nobody can choose what happens with another’s life; only they can. If they want to go, then that’s their choice. It shouldn’t be anybody else’s choice.” Ricky Davis, Kinesiology




Skipping to Sex Can Ruin Relationships BY DAVID CHAVEZ

Copy Editor dchavez@therampageonline.com

Recent polls show 2016 presidential hopeful and Independent Vermont Senator, Bernie Sanders rising, while former Secretary of State and 2016 democratic presidential hopeful, Hillary R. Clinton is swamped by the email controversey. Illustration/Bobby Brown.

Just Know When to Ask Questions about the Trans Community BY CALEB OWENS-GARRETT

Reporter cowensgarrett@therampageonline.com

If I get a penny every time someone asks me “stupid” questions about being transgender, I will have more money than I could ever use in my lifetime. The questions are constant and unrelenting and often create a lot of awkwardness like: “OMG. Have you gotten surgery yet?” “Have you started testosterone yet?” “Like, which bathroom do you use?” “Can I still call you by your old name?” “Do you have to do sex work in order to pay for your hormones?” “Do you worry about being harmed because you’re trans*?” What if trans* people chose to ask the same uneducated questions about those who are cisgender? For those who don’t know what cisgender means -- A cisgender person is anyone who identifies with their sex assigned at birth. But, automatically, when an individual identifies as transgender, people immediately begin to see them through the stereotypical lens -- just for being who they are.

You might ask why this happens -- it is simply because we all were brought into a world filled with judgment, but as long as you are following society’s way of thinking, you aren’t a bad person. Meaning, if you are following societal roles, then you are normal. However, if you are trans* and you have a variety of gender expression, then you are abnormal. WRONG! There are often assumptions about trans* folks about how they live their lives and how they approach the transition. Like, c’mon folks! You do not need to know what the hell is in my pants, what I do with it and whether or not I have started my transition. If someone wants to reveal this very personal information, they will. You should not pressure someone to share private information about themselves, nor should you assume something that may not be true about others for that matter. For now, the judgement needs to cease and people in society need to stop stereotyping. There are several ways to approach a situation differently, in order to do that, you

must think critically about what could potentially offend the person. Like others, my sexuality is not all I’m about. First get to know me, and if and when I feel comfortable enough with you, I’ll share other things with you. There are various instances where you need to be respectful at all times. If a trans* person wants to talk about surgery with you, their name change or how they feel, please approach the situation with open ears and a closed mouth, until they feel like answering questions, because they might not want to talk about it to the fullest extent, just ask them how they feel about discussing the matter. It is important to respect boundaries of the people around you. First and foremost, it is not right to disrespect transgender people or anyone for that matter by stereotyping them and who they are without knowledge of them. Always ask questions in a respectful manner if you are curious about something, but never stereotype a person because they don’t feel like discussing their life with you.

Everyone wants to feel wanted. Whether it’s by a significant other, family, group of friends or co-workers, people like to belong. To show how evident that sense of belonging is in society, dating sites are more popular now than ever. In an article in The Wall Street Journal, according to figures revealed by eHarmony founder Neil Clark Warren and COO Armen Avedissian, the company has more subscribers than ever before – 778,000 – and they make up to 15 million matches per day. Competitive dating site Tinder claims to match 22 million people a day. Not everyone that uses these sites or couples that meet through a dating site is practicing premarital sex but it does reinforce the idea that a huge number of people are longing for that desire to feel wanted. Although the mass media and contemporary society may send the message that sex before marriage is normal and innocent, what they fail to mention is the psychological, emotional and physical effects it can have on people. Television shows like “Game of Thrones”, “Girls”, and “True Blood”, movies like “50 Shades of Grey” and “Entourage” make it seem like sex is just something two people do when there is any sort of interest between them. There are no true feelings involved, and it is ok if you never see that person again. What are shows and films like these saying about relationships today? Is it not worth getting to know someone more before deciding to take it to the next level? Relationships should go through levels, shouldn’t they? First you see someone; gather the courage to talk to him or her; ask them out; begin a relationship; hold their hand, share that first kiss, and then what? Having sex may feel good at the moment but is that moment worth the feelings of regret and guilt you feel afterwards? That feeling may not sink in right after, an hour after, a day after or maybe even a week after but somewhere inside you wish you could have waited. It might not be the same for everyone but you should take into serious consideration the emotional and psychological toll it can take on another person. No amount of convincing from a boyfriend or girlfriend should be enough for you to compromise your morals and to take premarital sex lightly. A guy can tell you “You’re the one”, but you’ll know you’re “the one” when there’s a ring on your finger and he calls you his wife. A girl may tell you “I think I’m ready”, but you’ll know for sure that both of you are ready when both of you say “I do” at the altar. If you skip straight to sex, where do you go from there? People who are willing to wait and show self-control and respect one another are to be applauded. Waiting makes that honeymoon night very much more special. You would both be assured that neither of you has previous experiences, making it all special. Even those who may not want a serious relationship because they’re not ready for commitment or have been hurt in the past, pre-marital sex will only complicate things.




Christian Rossi: winning on and off the field BY MICHAEL MENDEZ

Reporter mmendez@therampageonline.com

The Fresno City College football is a premier program because of the quality of athletes it recruits from all over. Christian Rossi, second year starting quarterback, is one of those star athletes. Despite his victories on the field, Rossi continues to shine as the centerpiece for the Rams offence, there is more to him than meets the eye. Rossi, a 22-year-old business major, has been playing football since he was 10. He first got into football at Copper Hill “I just try to get better and improve .” - Christian Rossi

Fresno City College Quarterback, Christian Rossi during the game against San Francisco City College at Ratcliffe Stadium on Saturday Sept. 19, 2015. Photo/Patrick Forrest

Elementary where he took a liking to the sport. He helped Clovis North High win two valley championships in 2012 and 2013 before landing at FCC. Rossi credits his parents with supporting his dreams on and off the field. “[They] have been behind me from the beginning,” Rossi said. He said he wants to continue playing football after he leaves FCC. After this season is over, he has a chance to play in division AA school. He has scouts from different schools hoping to sign him. Some of the schools that are interested in signing him include Tulsa, Fresno State and Arizona State. He’s not sure where he will end up, but he gave his thoughts on the matter. “I would like to play in a division AA obviously, but I would like to play somewhere I can fit in,” Rossi said. “I would say I have great ball accuracy, but I feel my pocket

presence is the best asset to my game.” Every athlete, no matter the sports, needs inspiration to do better than they thought they were capable of. Rossi finds inspiration in different areas -- from coaches, teachers and family members -all have driven him to succeed throughout his football career. “I get my inspiration from my Clovis North High coach, coach Branstetter, my quarterback coach here at FCC, my teammates,” he said, “pretty much everyone that I’ve had some form of a connection with and that have affected me in some particular way.” Over the course of his athletic career, Rossi has accomplished some amazing feats and still has some goals that he wishes to achieve before he leaves FCC. This season, Rossi has thrown for 1,374 yards of total offense and 15 touchdowns. He is also a multi-sport athlete, having played third base for the Cal State Fullerton baseball team in 2013. “I don’t really have a low point of my career,” Rossi said. “I just try to get better and improve my game every time, taking it game by game.” Rossi has the world open to him as he has nothing weighing him down, as he is not married with no children. This gives him the mentality of playing things day by day and see where it goes from there as he plans on continuing to play football for as long as he can with hopes going professional playing in the NFL. There is nothing that Rossi can’t do when he has his heart on a dream and he as support from his family and friends behind him

Dreamt is the only word that ends in a-m-t. With 1,025,108 other words in the English language, what are the odds? One in 1,025,109, actually. Learn even more earning a bachelor’s degree at National University. Online. On campus. Non-profit. Don’t think you have time to learn something new? You just did. Fresno Campus 20 E. River Park West (559) 256-4900

Keep learning at nu.edu/transfer © 2015 National University NU15_2343





Women’s Volleyball Team First in CVC

Jenna Goldsberry reaches to spike the ball into Reedley College’s defense at the Fresno City College gymnasium Friday, Oct. 2, 2015. Photo/Daisy Rodriguez


Reporter mford@therampageonline.com

The FCC Rams women’s volleyball team put on an outstanding performance in their 3-0 sweep of Reedley in the Fresno City gymnasium on Oct. 2. The win extends their winning streak to four games and improves their season record to 9-4 overall and 3-0 in Central Valley Conference play, keeping them in first place. The Rams were on top of their game from the opening serve, jumping out to a commanding 11-4 lead early on, and Reedley was unable to recover from the deficit, losing the first set 25-11. Outside hitter Jenna Goldsberry said passing was key to the team getting off to a fast start. ”Our passing is a big thing on our team,” Goldsberry said. “So right when

the serve came over, we passed it perfectly and got the first ball down and that gave us the momentum that we needed to have our confidence.” Head Coach Tracy Ainger-Schulte said coming home after a long road trip was very beneficial because of the home advantage they have established. “I think that over the years we have built up a really good support system in our stands,” Ainger-Schulte said. “They said they were a little bit nervous; the girls had a little bit of jitters performing in front of the home crowd, but they really settled in and they really enjoyed being at home and feeling that support.” The score was much tighter in the second set. After 20 points, Fresno was only up 12-8 and only up 13-12 after 25 points. The Rams would persevere and win the second set 25-19.

Middle Blocker Malerie Crenshaw said that the Rams took their foot off the gas because of their success in the first set, and it caught up with them in the second. “In the second set I think we were a bit complacent,” Crenshaw said. “We got too comfortable right there.” Ainger-Schulte attributed Reedley’s ability to recover in the second set partly to players’ unfamiliarity in different lineups. She, however, wants to evaluate players in different roles. “Lineups are different every game, so we have a lot of versatility with what we’re doing and so the girls don’t even know what lineup I’m putting out there,” Ainger-Schulte said. “We mix things around to get different looks at what people can do in different roles, and I like the ability that I can look at those things during a match type sit-

uation.” The third set was even more closely contested than the second. After 30 points, Fresno was only ahead 16-14. The game would go down to the end of the wire, but Fresno was just too much for Reedley to handle as Fresno took the set and the match 25-20. Fresno dominated the overall point total 59 to 33. Goldsberry led the team in total scoring with 13.5 points followed by Crenshaw with 9; outside hitter Niyesha Brown had 9, and outside hitter Kandaysa Ladiaev finished with 8 points. The next three games on the Rams’ schedule include a road game versus Columbia, a road game against West Hills Coalinga and at home versus Taft. The game versus Taft is particularly important because the team is second in the conference.

Women’s Soccer Team Now Ranked No. 1 in Nation BY MICHAEL FORD

Reporter mford@therampageonline.com

Fresno City College is now the No. 1 women’s soccer team in the National Soccer Coaches Association of America third division in the entire nation. The latest rankings, released on Sept. 22, has Fresno on top, followed by Cerritos College, Brookdale Community, Herkimer County Community and Oxford College of Emory University as the top five. The team’s overall record this season is 8-0-3, putting them ahead of the next team, Cerritos, who has a 7-02 record. Fresno was coming off of a remarkable stretch of going 5-1-0. The most notable match was the Rams’ victory against Consumnes River, blowing them out 4-1. Last season, the Rams finished third in the state after a loss in the Final Four to Cerritos College. Sophomore forward, Melody Harris, thinks that experience has helped the team’s

play. “It is motivating to think we could do the same thing we did last year, but we just need to step it up and make it better,” Harris said. “Knowing that feeling, losing in the final game when we were that close, it definitely gives us a little bit more motivation to do the best we can.” Head coach Oliver Germond attributes much of his team’s successes on work ethic and team culture. “So far we have been successful,” Germond said. “I think people are gradually buying into what we need to do.” Germond said the whole team had a meeting about the complete commitment. “The culture that we want to set as a team is the just the work ethic, whether in the games, in the classroom,” he said. “How you behave outside of soccer as far as nutrition and getting enough rest; we just want players who are committed to what

we are about.” Harris said she believes that coach’s huge emphasis on being physically fit is what gives the Rams an edge over their opponents, making it easier to overwhelm them. “We have to be like high pressure defending and we’re constantly running circles, double and triple teaming,” harris said. “In order to do all that high pressure, we have to be really fit.” Sophomore midfielder Kelly Garzon credits team chemistry for allowing teammates to hold each other accountable. “It helps us out on the field because we can receive criticism enough to the point that we’re so comfortable with each other that we won’t take it the wrong way,” Garzon said. Despite the success, the Rams have been hit with some significant injuries that could threaten the success of

the rest of the season. “We lost one of our starting defenders to a broken collarbone,” Germond said. “Breanna Kriss is going to be out for six weeks, so that is a big loss. Jessica [Robles] is out with a with a knee injury; Jaime Oftedal is out with a knee injury, and then Denise is out with an ankle injury.” “That’s four potential starters that are out right now, so it is good that we have a deep team, but now, our team isn’t as deep anymore,” Germond said. “When you lose four potential starters, that is a big loss.” Yesseniah Delgadillo and Harris are tied for the team lead in goals and points with 10 apiece, followed by Jenelle Fino with six and Camilla Figueira with four. The team’s defense is stout. FCC is scoring 2.1 goals per game while giving up only an average of a half a goal per game.


PORTS 10.7.2015 BATTLE OF THE PUMP Fresno City College beat Reedley College for the seventh consecutive year, 24-21.

Nate Jones, running back for the Fresno City College footbal team, sprints into the endzone with Reedley defensive back Deshaun Dean right behind him at the Sal Gonzalez Field on Saturday Oct. 3, 2015. Photo/Daisy Rodriguez BY MICHAEL MENDEZ

Reporter mmendez@therampageonline.com

In a fight to the finish, the Fresno City College Rams defeated the Reedley Tigers 2421, in the Battle for the Pump rivalry game on Oct. 3 at Reedley High School, with a game winning touchdown by running back Nate Jones. The Rams were coming off a two game losing streak, even though they have won the last six consecutive meetings with Reedley College. The average margin of victory in the rivalry games was 21 points, so this game was not what anyone was expecting. The game was at a standstill for the first quarter as both teams were having trouble getting out of the gates. That quickly ended as the Tigers’ quarterback Austin Bray threw a 29-yard touchdown pass to Terrell McLaughlin at the start of the second. The Rams responded as quarterback Christian Rossi,

who was 20-31 for 111 yards that night, threw a 15-yard touchdown pass to Kallon Carter, late in the second to help the Rams take a 10-7 lead into halftime. “The defense was playing a zone package that was giving us trouble all night, and on that play, our receivers cut out giving me a big open window to throw it to Kallon to come down with touchdown,” Rossi said. The Rams had momentum going into the second half but one of the biggest problems throughout the night was the number of miscues they had. Those miscues ranged from penalties, putting themselves in bad positions, turnovers and failing to convert on third-and-15 play. Reedley was able to score a touchdown after recovering an FCC fumble. Rams’ head coach Tony Caviglia expressed frustration. “Reedley was showing us some things that we didn’t expect,” Caviglia said. “Play-

ing hard, inspired ball and us making mistakes that killed drives giving Reedley points on the board.” The Rams struck back as running back Nate Jones broke free for a 61-yard touchdown run, giving the Rams a 17-14 lead early in the third quarter. “It was all the offensive line, I told them to get me through the line of scrimmage and I’ll do the rest,” Jones said. “Once they opened that hole I took off and never looked back.” The Rams’ lead wouldn’t last long as Bray and the Tigers moved down the field to score on a 26-yard touchdown pass to Caleb Horton that gave the Tigers a 21-17 lead early in the fourth quarter. The Tigers would rack up 250 yards of total offense. The game felt like a boxing match from beginning to end and it seemed like the team that had the opportunity to score last was going to win the game. Down 21-17, the

“I’m proud of this team and Reedley. These games are what rivalry games are made of.”

-Head Coach Tony Caviglia Rams went on offense with five minutes left in the fourth and were able to put together a hard-fought drive. They constantly moved the ball down field, converting on third downs to the red zone all the way to the Tigers’ 2-yard line. The Rams would hand it off to their star running back Nate Jones who had a 61-yard touchdown run earlier in the game. Jones was able to make a play by running to the outside of the field and find his way into the end zone to score for the game-winning touchdown. “It felt so good to do that for our team, the pump has

been in Fresno for a while and it’s good to keep it here,” Jones described what it was like to win the game and keep the Pump at FCC. “We needed this win to help us move forward into the season. It was nice to have The Pump, but we got bigger goals to look forward to.” The Ram would improve to 3-2 while Reedley falls to 3-2. “This was a good win against Reedley,” Rossi said. “This is considered the Super Bowl between our schools.” “I’m proud of this team and Reedley,” Caviglia said. “These games are what rivalry games are made of.”

Clovis Community College Dives In BY MICHAEL MENDEZ

Reporter mmendez@therampageonline.com

Fresno City College has a new neighbor and potential rival as Clovis Community College makes moves to develop its athletic program. The new college has hired Susan Yates, former athletic director at FCC for 28 years, as the athletic director to help develop the athletic program. No stranger to running an athletic department, Yates is determined to build the Clovis College program into one of the premiere junior college sports programs in the state. “It’s exciting. I’ve never started a program before I had been involved in Fres-

no City College athletics for years,” Yates said. “We have established new teams before but never an entire athletic program. It is both challenging and exciting.” One of the first athletic sport that Yates will try to implement during her time will be the swimming programs for both the men’s and women’s teams, starting next year. Yates has already named Mark Bennett, former coach at the Clovis Swimming Club, as head coach of both the men’s and women’s swimming teams. Fresno City College has recently announced the start of a swim-

ming program. Before being appointed at Clovis, Bennett was in charge of swimming club for three years. This will be Bennett’s first time being the head coach of a junior college sport as well as being a part of a brand new program. “It’s going to be fun and new. It’s a brand new situation for a head coach,” Bennett said. ”I am looking forward to being a part of a school that doesn’t have an athletic program; it gives you leeway to test out your ideas and strategies without changing the culture.” Bennett has started the

recruiting process for the program by contacting swimmers fresh from high school who are enrolled into Clovis Community College. They have also posted flyers online and all over campus to reach anyone who is interested in joining the team. “We have already begun offseason practices where we meet in the swimming pool area four times a week,” Bennett said. “We already have a handful of students that look good, so it will be interesting to see how many we get and how they will progress over the course of the season.” Like anything that is new,

there are questions about how well the team will do once the season gets underway. Bennett has his own goals and plans for this program and where he sees it going in the near future. “It’s going to be an interesting year as we are a new program with no history or culture to rely on, but I feel we will be a good team, we just have to see how it goes,” Bennett said. “ I want a team that works hard and is willing to compete, as well as compete for a state championship, the highest prize that you can reach in junior college.”