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E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM


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………….. NY ELA Test Success Series Grade Levels 3–8 The NY Test Success Series consist of 4 books to focus on specific skills on the NY ELA Test. Each title is purchased separately. • •

NY Higher-Order Thinking and Reading Skills Long reading passages with higher-order thinking questions NY Listening Literary and informational listening passages (read by the teacher) with multiplechoice and extended-response questions NY Grammar, Punctuation, & Word Usage Skill review and multiple-choice practice assessments and extended-response questions NY Reading and Writing Reading passages with short- and extended-response questions

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM ISBN 978-1-4204-5571-7 R 5571-7 Copyright ©2011 RALLY! EDUCATION. All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright may be reproduced in any form by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner. Printed in the U.S.A. 0811.CN RALLY! EDUCATION 22 Railroad Avenue Glen Head, NY 11545 (888) 99-RALLY www.RALLYEDUCATION.com © RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Table of Contents

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

P art A: R eview Punctuation Lessons 1–4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Grammar and Word Usage Lessons 1–7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . P 888

P art B: M ultiple -C hoice P ractice

Session 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Session 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Session 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A P art C: ractice for the NYEELA Test S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHT D BE RE I R O Y T P K Strand by Strand . .I.S.C.O. . . . . . . . B. O .O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 S Ka Complete I O H O T B The Elements of Sentence . . . . . . . . . . . .48 FOR PLE N M E A V S I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 HIS OT G TSubject-Verb NAgreement S I N Capitalization Punctuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 MISSIO of and PERCombining Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Separation of Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 All Together . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Introduction Test Success Series: Grammar, Punctuation & Word Usage prepares students to answer the multiple-choice questions assessing grammar, punctuation, and word usage on the NY ELA Tests.

P art A In Part A, you will complete lessons in grammar, punctuation, and word usage. At the end of each set of lessons you will complete a review.

P art B In Part B, you will read passages with embedded errors. Students then answer multiple-choice questions to indicate appropriate corrections.

P art C

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

In Part C, Strand by Strand covers each of the five strands individually. For each strand, students answer five multiple-choice questions testing the skill. All Together covers all of the strands together. Section 2 contains ten questions STER. . A M E for each of the strands, but the questions are mixed together. AStudents CKLIN answer Y WAY N L A B A N I 50 multiple-choice questions testing all of the skills needed the D UCEwriting S NOT Pfor I D O T I R . mechanics section of the NY ELA Tests. HTED E RE

YRIG P K TO B O O C O S B I Part C only includes multiple-choice questions. BOOK R THIS Each question offers four possible E O L F P N M answer choices.ISStudents T GIVEreview the questions and four choices carefully H SA IS Nshould O T and select the answer SIONthey think is best. There is no penalty for guessing, so even S I M R if studentsPare not certain of the correct answer, they should always pick one. E

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

E L P SAM ATION C U D E art A ! Y L L Y L L RAPunctuation A R . Lessons 9 9 . 8 8 8 Grammar and Word Usage Lessons

P

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Punctuation

1

Lesson

S tep One: Instruction Periods End most sentences with a period. For example:

The school day will start late because it is still snowing. Many fifth graders earn an allowance for helping around the house.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Use a period to abbreviate titles, months, days of the week, times of day, and units of measure. For example: Question Marks

Ms.

Mr.

Feb.

Tues. a.m. p.m. tsp.

oz.

STER. . A M E Y LIN NY WA LACKnotebook? A B For example: Have you written tonight’s homeworkTin your A N I S NO PRODUCED I Can you tell me what time it is? T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K IS CO THIS BOO Exclamation Points E BOOK N FOR MPL E A V S I G S I T TH show strong Some sentences IS NO feelings or surprise. End these sentences with an N O I S MIS exclamation PERpoint. End a sentence that asks a question with a question mark.

For example:

That horror movie was too scary for my little sister! Wow, I didn’t know Miguel was having a party!

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is punctuated correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you. 1. Where do you go to school? OK 2. The movie begins at 9 pm tonight 3. I can’t believe they went without me.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. Mrs Thomas made fudge brownies for the bake sale. 5. He was born on Sept 10, 1996.

6. Doctors say you should drink 64 oz. of water every day. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E Y N LACKLI IN ANY WA B “Lilo and Stitch” is my all-time favoriteT movie? A S NO PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE R7,E 2005. I R O Y T P K I will be out of town until Mon, November O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T H The cat Tbelongs S NOour neighbors down the street! Ito N O I S IS PERM

10. My teacher’s name is Mr. Phillips.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Punctuation

Lesson

2

S tep One: Instruction Commas – Part I Follow words that are exclamations with a comma. You can add a word to the beginning of a sentence to show a feeling, like surprise. These words are often called an exclamation. For example:

Wow, I was really tired! Yes, I would like to go shopping.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Separate phrases with a comma. Writers sometimes add a group of words before the sentence to make their writing more interesting. These words are known as phrases. For example:

During the storm, we stayed in the car. Before the test, we cleaned our desks and sharpened STER. A our pencils. M E N

WAY. KLI C Y A N L A B D IN OT A E N C U S I D O T Use a comma before and after a word or phrase . Ithat renames REPRor gives more E B IGHTED place, information about a noun. A nounOisPYaRperson, or thing. O C OOK T S B I S K I O H For example: The mayor, Herman, LE BO Mr. FOR T visited our school. P N M E A V S I we have one of the tallest buildings G THIS In ourIScity, NOT Chicago, N in the world. ISSIO PERM Use a comma to separate a direct quotation from the person who is speaking. For example:

“I asked you to mop the floor,” Dad said. Elizabeth asked, “Where is the pencil sharpener?”

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is punctuated correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you.

sister, Linda, 1. My older sister Linda goes to college in New York. 2. After the game we all went out for pizza. 3. No, I did not take your science textbook.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. “Time is up! Put your pencils down” said Mrs. Ross. 5. Wait you forgot your lunch!

6. Lindsay asked “How did the movie end?” 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B Our dance instructor, Ms. Klein, studied in France. A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K Before the show we hungIS out at Matt’s house. O K C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH getISthis Please let’s NO finished. N O I S IS PERM

10. Our city New York is home to Central Park.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Punctuation

Lesson

3

S tep One: Instruction Commas – Part II End the greeting and closing of a letter with a comma. For example:

Dear Uncle Carlos, Please visit us soon. We miss you! Love, Rebecca

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Use a comma to separate the date from the year. For example:

February 12, 1999

Use a comma to separate cities from states.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I Use a comma to separate cities from countries. T I . HTED BE RE O T For example: London, EnglandCOPYRIG K BOO S K IS I O H O T B R PLE NaFOseries, Mmore E A V S I G S I If there are three or words in separate each word with a comma. T TH NO S I N IO brother can drive, walk, or bike to work. For example:RMISSMy PE For example:

Dallas, Texas

Use a comma to separate two or more adjectives used in a row. Adjectives are words that are used to describe nouns. For example:

The street fair was a colorful, crowded place.

Use a comma and a connecting word to put two sentences together. These sentences are known as compound sentences. You must follow the first sentence with the comma and the connecting word. For example:

I wanted to feed the cat, but I could not find her.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is punctuated correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you. 1. To get downtown you can ride a bike, drive a car, or walk. OK 2. The fluffy pink scarf was wrapped around her neck 3. Can you come to my party on April 15 2006?

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. My grandfather lives in Toledo Ohio.

5. Julie wanted to go to the movies but she had to clean her room first. 6. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E I went for a vacation to Paris France. ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . RE salad. TED There are carrots tomatoes and inBEthe GHonions I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO day. MPaLEbright Outside it Swas sunny E A V S I G I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERMbasketball and he is a good student. Tom plays

10. The letter was signed, “Love Grandma.”

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Punctuation

Lesson

4

S tep One: Instruction Apostrophes Use an apostrophe to form a contraction. A contraction is formed when you put two words together. The contraction takes the place of the missing letters. For example:

has not = hasn’t The apostrophe takes the place of the missing “o.”

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

he will = he’ll The apostrophe takes the place of the missing “w” and “i.” Add an apostrophe plus an “s” to show possession. Possessive nouns show ownership of a person, place, or thing. For example:

The piano belongs to Marcie. Marcie’s piano is large and brown.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A The book belongs to Randy. UCED S NOT book. I D O T I R . The teacher told me to borrow Randy’s P GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B To show that more than something, put the apostrophe after the O N Fowns MPLEone person E A V S I G S I letter “s.” T TH IS NO N O I S For example:RMIS Her sisters’ names were Sherri, Terri, and Mary. PE The stores’ hours are 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Quotation Marks Use quotation marks before and after a direct quote. When ending a sentence with a quotation mark, put the period inside the quotation mark. For example:

Joy said, "It's too rainy to go to the park."

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D STEP ONE: INSTRUCTION Question marks should be placed outside the quotation mark except when the question mark is part of the quoted matter. For example:

Have you read the poem “Where the Sidewalk Ends”? Janie asked the principal "What time does the pep rally begin?"

Exclamation points should be placed outside the quotation mark except when the exclamation point is part of the quoted matter. For example:

I was so surprised when she said, “I have to leave early”! “But I want to play outside!” said Tony.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Use quotation marks around the titles of songs, works of art, articles, and poems. For example:

We sing “The Star-Spangled Banner” each morning at school. “Starry, Starry Night” is just one of the many paintings in the museum. I read “Seven Ways to Get a Good Night’s Sleep” in the newspaper. INE

. ASTER Y. M Y WA A CK L N L A B A N I T favoriteUCpoem. ED “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere” S isNOhis I D O T I R . P GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O Hyphens K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T H spell outIS fractions Use a hyphen Tto or numbers greater than 20. NO N O I S IS PERM ᎏ1ᎏ = one-half For example: 2 33 = thirty-three

174 = one hundred seventy-four Colons When writing the time, use a colon to separate the hour from the minutes. For example:

School usually starts at 7:30 a.m., but it will start at 11:50 a.m. today.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is punctuated correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you. 1. My sister is twenty-two years old. OK 2. We sang Jingle Bells at the Christmas concert. 3. Lisas hair is long and blonde.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. Jack is onehalf the size of his older brother. 5. My dad left for work at 930.

6. The students desks were out of order. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B He said, “Let’s go to the baseball game”. A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K His mom hasnt gone to ISthe store. O K C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T O the dentist soon. TH to go Shell have IS Nto N O I S IS PERM

10. The house was built sixty seven years ago.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Grammar & Word Usage

Lesson

1

S tep One: Instruction Subject-Verb Agreement When you use a singular subject, use the singular form of the verb that goes with it. To make the verb singular, you will usually add an “s” to the end of it. For example:

Elizabeth plays the game well.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

When you use two or more subjects, use the plural form of the verb that goes with them. To do that, you will usually omit an “s” from the end of the verb. For example:

The girls play the game well. Elizabeth and Amy play the game well.

Note that the word “you” is an exception to this rule. “You” can be singular or plural, but always use a plural verb with it. ER.

MAST E N I L WAY. K C Y A N L A B OT A ED IN N C U S I D O T D. I EPR they are plural. Some verbs, such as “am,” “has,” and “was,” form Rwhen TEchange H E G B I R O COPY IS BOOK T S For example: I am a good student. I K O BOgood students. R TH E O L F They are P N M A IVE OT Ggrades. THIS SHe has good N S I ION have good grades. SThey S I M R PE

For example:

You play the game well, too.

She was the top student. They were the top students.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence uses correct grammar, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you.

have

1. The girls has

a lot of homework to do.

2. Yesterday, Jim study his lines for the play. 3. The Boy Scouts go camping in the summer.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. She speak well in front of large groups of people. 5. Jackie and Brian hopes to get a new pet this year. 6. I are a quarterback on the football team. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B They was excited about going to the movies. A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K Mom and Dad tells us toIS go to bed. O K C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH tag, she After the IS NOthrows the ball back to the pitcher. N O I S IS PERM

10. Joan paint pictures of the people she knows.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Grammar & Word Usage

Lesson

2

S tep One: Instruction Verb Tense If you are writing about an event that is happening now, use the present tense of the verb. For example:

My little sister plays with her dolls.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

If you are writing about an event that has already happened, use the past tense of the verb. To make most verbs past tense, add “ed” to the end of the verb. For example:

My little sister played with her dolls yesterday.

When using some verbs in the past tense, double the last letter before adding “ed.” For example:

Now they stop by only once a week, but last month STER. MA they stopped by every day. WAY. CKLINE

ANY BLA A N I T D O E N ODtoUCmake IT IS completely R . P D E E Note that some verbs are irregular and change form R T YRIGH OOK TO BE P O the past tense. C OK IS OR THIS B O B E L F a hat, but yesterday I took an umbrella. For example: Today Njust MP I can Gtake E A V S I S I T TH I think IS NI Oneed only a hat today, but yesterday I thought I N O I S IS needed an umbrella. PERM To, Too, and Two Use the correct tense of the word “to.” “To” shows movement toward someone or something. “Too” means also. “Two” is the number 2. For example:

Let’s go to the ballgame today. Are you coming too? My bike has two wheels.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence uses correct grammar, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you.

played

1. Paul play on the soccer team in high school. 2. He sent a birthday card to his grandmother last week. 3. On Tuesday, she ride her bike to the picnic.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. Our mom take a trip to Peru last year. 5. Dylan run in a big race two weeks ago.

6. Yesterday, we fold the laundry for our parents. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B Our brother baked an apple pie for Thanksgiving. A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE REhouse. I R O Y T P K The dog bark at the cars that drove by the O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T Bill andTHBobby will IS NO go two the show this afternoon. N O I S IS PERM

10. The doctor calls to check on his patient.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Grammar & Word Usage

Lesson

3

S tep One: Instruction Comparative Forms of Adjectives To compare two people, places, or things, add the letters “er” to the end of the adjective if the adjective has one syllable. For example:

Jack can jump higher than Jill.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

When you compare two people, places, or things, use the word “more” with the adjective if the adjective has three or more syllables. For example:

Jill is more interested in sports than Jack.

When you compare three or more people, places, or things, add the letters “est” to the end of the adjective if the adjective has one syllable. For example:

That’s the smallest size they have!

STER. . A M E LIN word “most” When you compare three or more people, places, or things, use Y WAY ACKthe N L A B A N I with the adjective if the adjective has three or more NOT UCED S syllables. I D O T I R . P E store. For example: That coat is the most expensive GHTED coat BinE Rthe I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I Pronouns G S I T TH IS NO N O I S A pronoun takes ISthe place of a noun (a person, place, or thing). If the original PERM noun is singular, the pronoun must be singular. If the original noun is plural, the pronoun must be plural. For example:

Anjani is my friend, and she was born in India. Gaspar and Tom are my best friends, and they live on my block.

Use the correct form of the pronoun “it.” “Its” is the possessive form of “it.” “It’s” is the contraction of “it is.” For example:

It’s going to be a long day. Its hair is short and brown.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D Their, There, and They’re Use the correct form of the word “their.” “Their” is the possessive form of “them.” “There” is a place. “They’re” is the contraction of “they are.” For example:

Their coats and jackets are hanging on the wall. Let’s move over there. They’re going to meet us at the movies.

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence uses correct grammar, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

1. Tyler is the fastest person on the track team. OK

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A UCED S NOT PRcoach. I D They’re mom is going to be the new. Ivolleyball O T GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K OO Bthe IS CO than S K large I O H O T This year’s parade is one we had last year. B FOR PLE N M E A V S I THIS NOT G S I N Hannah isMthe ISSIOmost talented artist in the class. P ER

2. The lion shook it’s mane of hair. 3. 4. 5.

6. Lilly and Ron are my cousins, and she live in Delaware. 7. This is the mostest fun I have had in a long time! 8. Paula is more big than her little sister, Andy. 9. Trina plays the violin, and she has a recital tomorrow. 10. Its time to put away your book and go to sleep. © RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Grammar & Word Usage

Lesson

4

S tep One: Instruction Capitalize the first word of a sentence. For example:

Did you complete your homework assignment? Come over tonight and play basketball!

Capitalize the greeting of a letter (also known as the salutation). Capitalize the closing of a letter. For example:

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Dear Kathy,

I’m very anxious to plan our next vacation to Pittsburgh. As we discussed, we’ll travel by bus and stay for at least four days. We can arrange a sightseeing tour and other activities. Let’s get together soon.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A Yolanda S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O Capitalize days of the week andISmonths. K C R THIS BOO O O B For example: Monday January N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T O TH Tuesday February N IS N O I S IS Wednesday March PERM Sincerely,

Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

April May June July August September October November December

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is capitalized correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you.

My

1. my friend Tim lives on a farm. 2. he went running up the steps. 3. luis got a good grade on his math test.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. Carla’s birthday is in October.

5. it rains whenever I want to go outside. 6. My birthday is next Monday. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B candy is given out on Halloween. A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K I think sunday is the best day of the week. O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH likeISplaying Many people the piano. NO N O I S IS PERM

10. My brother raked leaves on thursday.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Grammar & Word Usage

Lesson

5

S tep One: Instruction Capitalize the first and last names of people. For example:

Howard Blankmen Tina Santos Sidhar Jamal

When you talk about yourself, capitalize the letter I. For example:

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Linda and I surfed the Internet I searched the Web for the article.

Capitalize the first letter of a person’s title. For example:

Ms. Mr. Sr.

a woman a man senior

Mrs. a married woman Jr. junior Dr. a doctor

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A Capitalize a person’s initials. S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I For example: Mr. N. Brunn R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO Mrs. J. Kissall O O B LE Titus VEN FO MPL.R. Ms. A S S I OT GI TH N S I SION S I M R E Capitalize P words that are used as names. For example:

I played chess with Dad. We went to the store with Grandpa and Grandma. “Did I get any letters?” asked Uncle Paul.

Capitalize the first word in a quotation. For example:

“Who wants some strawberries?” Daisy asked. “Don’t forget your glasses,” Tim said.

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24


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is capitalized correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you.

Ms.

1. My teacher’s name is ms. Smith. 2. When the man asked, i said, “My name is Rob.” 3. Will grandpa let me visit today?

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. Mrs. Kate Simmons will be the speaker.

5. “what do you think about that?” asked Missy. 6. Jake’s pet is a turtle named Slowpoke. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E Y N LACKLI IN ANY WA B “Our favorite author is B.f. Jones,” saidT Joe. A S NO PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K Kelly had to visit dr. ISWilliams this morning. O K C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T H Because T dad’s name IS NOis Tom, my name is Tom, Jr. N O I S IS PERM

10. “ask Mom if we can play in the snow,” my sister said.

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25


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Grammar & Word Usage

Lesson

6

S tep One: Instruction Capitalize the titles of books, movies, magazines, poems, stories, television shows, and songs. For example:

Books: “Harry Potter” Movies: “Star Wars” Magazines: “Time for Kids” Poems: “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere” Stories: “The Three Little Pigs” Television shows: “American Idol” Songs: “The Star-Spangled Banner”

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Capitalize the titles of organizations or groups. For example:

Boy Scouts of America American Cancer Society City Girls’ Choir

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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26


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is capitalized correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you. 1. Matt likes to sing “America the Beautiful.” OK 2. Nathan watches “american idol” but I don’t like it. 3. Every year, Lee’s parents sing the “happy birthday” song to her.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. My neighbor gave some money to the united way group. 5. Have you read any of the “Harry Potter” books? 6. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E I think the first “star wars” movie was the best. ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . E The group known as Farm Aid R tries farmers. GHTEDto help BE RAmerican I O Y T P K O O C O OK IS OR THIS B O B E L N F “the lion king.” MP theGIVmovie I enjoyed watching E A S S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM at that Broadway play called “the producers.” We laughed

10. The best book I read in school this year was Gary Paulsen’s “Dogsong.”

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Grammar & Word Usage

Lesson

7

S tep One: Instruction Capitalize the names of proper nouns: specific people, places, and things. Some examples of proper nouns are specific street names, cities, states, countries, continents, oceans, lakes, rivers, mountains, groups of people, languages, historic events and time periods, holidays, buildings, bridges, and spacecraft. For example:

Specific street names: Balmoral Avenue Cities: Glen Cove States: Texas Countries: United States Continents: South America Rivers: Mississippi River Oceans: Indian Ocean Lakes: Lake Michigan Mountains: Appalachian Mountains STER. . Groups of people: Americans A M E Languages: Chinese ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A Holidays: Thanksgiving S NOT PRODUCED I T I . Buildings: Empire State HTED GBuilding BE RE I R O Y T P K O CO Bridges: George BOBridge S K IS Washington I O H O T B Spacecraft: N FOR MPLE Challenger E A V S I G S I T O TH Historic and time periods: World War I , IS Nevents N O I S The Great Depression RMIS

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

PE

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28


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

S tep Two: Practice Directions Look at the following sentences. If the sentence is capitalized correctly, write OK beside the sentence. If it is not correct, draw a line through each mistake. Then write the correction above it. The first one has been done for you.

Asia

1. My cousin just returned from asia. 2. Ben used to live in ohio, but he now lives in Florida. 3. I would love to surf in the pacific ocean.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

4. We celebrate Christmas at my grandmother’s house. 5. Sometimes Kim and Tom eat chinese food for dinner. 6. The eiffel tower is nine hundred and eighty-six feet tall. 7. 8. 9.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B Most of Janice’s family is Irish. A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K My grandfather fought in the korean war. O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH is a great lake erie IS NO place for water skiing. N O I S IS PERM

10. John Denver wrote a song about the rocky mountains.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

E L P SAM ATION art B C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY Session 1 . 8 8 8 Session 2

P

Practice Answering Multiple-Choice Questions

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K CO B3OO S K ISSession I O H O T B N FOR MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Session 1 DIRECTIONS Gerald wrote a draft of a short story about a girl getting the perfect pet. Now, he needs help editing and revising it. Read Gerald’s draft and use it to answer numbers 1 through 11.

Inez Gets a Pet

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

(1) Inez was allergic to cats, her apartment house didn’t allow dogs, and her mother thought hamsters and gerbils looked too much like rats. (2) Inez asked for a bird and Inez thought hard about it and Inez realized that she didn’t like the idea of putting a bird in a cage. (3) Birds belonged in the sky. (4) Flying free.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A CED was nearly UGrace S NOaTvisit. (6) One summer day, Inez’s Aunt Grace came for (7) I D O T I R . P E RE it when Grace visited. GHTED(8) Inez Bloved I R O ninety years old, but she was young at Heart. Y T P K IS CO THIS BOO Keighty O O B (9) Although they werePLnearly R appart in age, they got along perfectly. E FOyears N M E A V S I S would T Gquietly for an hour, with Grace knitting something THIthey (10) Sometimes NOsit S I N ISSIO beautiful, while PERMInez read a book Grace had brought her. (11) Then they would (5) I’ll never have a pet of my own, Inez often thought to herself.

both look up at the same moment and say something – and often they would find themselves saying the same thing! (12) “Great minds think alike,” Grace would always say.

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32


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D (13) On this visit, Grace had a box with her. (14) She held it carefully against her body. (15) She held it as if it were breakable. (16) Inez wondered what was in it. (17) Grace didn’t leave her in suspense for long. (18) As soon as she had put her suitcase away in the guest room, she came out to the kitchen with the box and set it on the table. (19) “Inez, my dear,” Grace said. (20) “I’ve been hearing for years how much you want a pet of your own. (21) I think i have a solution to your problem. (22) In this box is a new pet for you. (23) You will not be allergic to it, it doesn’t look like a rat, and it doesn’t fly.” (24) Grace took the top off the box pulled out a jar. (25) Inside the jar swam the most colorful fish Inez had ever seen. (26) It was

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

blue red purple and orange.

(27) Inez could not hide her excitement. (28) “Thank you!” she cried as she hugged her aunt. (29) “Does my mom know about the pet fish?” (30) She hoped her mother would not mind.

R. WAY. KLIN C Y A N L A B glass bowl full of water. (33) The bowl had pink gravel on N Inez OT Athe bottom. ED I(34) N C U S I D O T . I her mother liked her favorite color pink the best. (35) Inez REPR smiled at one TEDand H E G B I R O Y always T COPshe’d another. (36) At last, Inez had the pet OOKwanted. S B I S K I O H PLE BO IVEN FOR T M A S THIS NOT G S I N ISSIO PERM STE (31) Just then, Inez’s mother walked into the room. (32) She held E MaAlarge,

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33


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 1

Choose the best topic sentence to add to the beginning of the first paragraph.

3

? A The pet store was located on Main Street.

Grace was nearly ninety years old, but she was young at Heart.

? A At Heart.

? B Inez wanted a pet more than anything else in the world.

? B at heart.

? C Inez sneezed.

? C At heart.

? D Inez loved her cousin’s dog, Damien. 2

Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 7.

? D No change is needed.

Read sentence 2. It is poorly written.

4

Which one of these is not a complete sentence?

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Inez asked for a bird and Inez thought hard about it and Inez realized that she didn’t like the idea of putting a bird in a cage.

? F Flying free.

? G She hoped her mother would not mind.

Choose the best way to rewrite this sentence.

? H Inez wondered what was TER. in it.

E MAS WAY. N I L K C LA thinkINalike,” ? J “Great ? F Inez thought hard about it and Inez ANY Grace Bminds A T D O N CE always asked for a bird and Inez didn’t like ODUsay. IT IS would R . P D E E R T YRIGH OOK TO BE the idea of putting a bird in a cage. P O C OK IS OR THIS B O B E L P of putting ? G Inez didn’t like the 5 Choose the correct way to write the N Fa Midea E A V S I G S I T H O T N bird in a cage she asked underlined part of sentence 9. N IS for one and O I S S I thoughtPhard ERM about it. Although they were nearly eighty ? H She asked for a bird but when she thought hard about it, Inez realized that she didn’t like the idea of putting a bird in a cage.

years appart in age, they got along perfectly.

? A aparte ? B apart

? J Putting a bird in a cage, Inez didn’t like but she asked for a bird and thought about it hard.

? C aparrt ? D No change is needed.

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34


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 6

Choose the best way to combine the ideas of sentences 14 and 15 into one sentence.

7

Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 21. I think i have a solution to your problem.

She held it carefully against her body. She held it as if it were breakable.

? A i think i ? B i think I

? F She held it carefully breakable against her body.

? C I think I ? D No change is needed.

? G She held it carefully held it as if it were breakable. ? H Her body held it carefully against her as if it were breakable.

8

Which of these is another way to write the underlined part of sentence 23?

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

? J She held it carefully against her body, as if it were breakable.

You will not be allergic to it, it doesn’t look like a rat, and it doesn’t fly.

? F wont

STER. . A M E ? G wo’nt ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I ? H won’t T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O O wont’ J K IS C R THIS BO? O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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35


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 9

Read sentence 24. It is poorly written.

10 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 26.

Grace took the top off the box pulled out a jar.

It was blue red purple and orange.

? F blue, red, purple and, orange.

Choose the best way to rewrite this sentence.

? G blue, red, purple, orange.

? A Grace took the top off pulled jar out of the box.

? H blue, red, purple, and orange. ? J No change is needed.

? B Grace took the top of the box off and pulled out a jar.

11 Read sentence 34. It is poorly written.

? C Grace took the top off of the box and jar was pulled out.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Inez liked her favorite color pink the best.

? D Grace took the jar out the box she had taken top off of.

Choose the best way to rewrite this sentence.

? A Inez liked pink best out of all the colors and it was her favorite. ER.

MAST E N I L WAY. K favorite C Y A ? B Pink was Inez’s color. N L A B OT A ED IN N C U S I D O T C Inez liked REPRher favorite color best. TED. I? H E G B I R O COPY IS BOOK T S I K O ? D Pink was the favorite of Inez and the BO R TH E O L F P N M E A one that she liked best out of all the THIS S IS NOT GIV colors. SION S I M R PE

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36


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Session 2 DIRECTIONS Talia had to write a report about a famous female athlete. So far, she has written a draft. Now, she needs help editing and revising it. Read Talia’s draft and use it to answer numbers 12 through 21.

Let’s Hear It for the Babe!

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

(1) Plenty of women have won too Olympic gold medals. (2) But can you count the number who have won medals in seven track and field events and have set more than five American and world records (3) In fact, how many have been champions in basketball and golf? (4) Only one woman has done all that! (5) Her

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A NOT in Port CED Texas, UArthur, Sborn (6) Babe’s real name was Mildred when she .was I D O T I R P E HTEDyoung. E RShe Gwas B(7) I R O and loved all types of sports ever since she got the name Y T P K CO OO S B I S K I O H BO at playing “Babe” because she was Pso LEgood FOR T baseball. (8) The boys she plays with N M E A V S I IS famousNbaseball OT G named her afterTHthe player, Babe Ruth. (9) He was a great home S I N O I S IS run hitter, and PERsoMwas Babe Didrikson! name was Babe Didrikson Zaharias.

(10) In high school, basketball was played by Babe. (11) Later, when she started working, she played for her company’s team. (12) The team won. (13) Most of its games. (14) They were voted All-Americans and won the national championship. (15) Then Babe decided to enter a track and field match. (16) She was a one-woman team. (17) She entered eight events on her own. (18) In five events, she won first place. (19) She tied for first place in another and won fourth place in one. (20) She broke four world records that day.

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37


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D (21) She won Olympic gold medals in the javelin throw and the hurdles and an Olympic silver medal in the high jump. (22) She jumped as high as the woman who won the gold medal, but Babe went over the bar head first. (23) At the time, that was against the rules, so the judges had to take points off her score. (24) When Babe returned to Texas, she began getting paid for playing sports and doing ads. (25) Then she decided to start playing a sport. (26) Babe won the second golf tournament she entered! (27) Babe died on September 27 1956. (28) She was only forty-five years old but she did many great things in her lifetime. (29) The Associated Press voted her

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Woman Athlete of the Year six times and named her Woman of the Half-Century. (30) She won awards and set records in many different sports. (31) She also funded a medical clinic and wrote the storey of her life. (32) Babe made it easier for other women to enter the world of sports.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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38


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 12 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 1.

14 Read sentence 6. It is poorly written. Babe’s real name was Mildred when she was born in Port Arthur, Texas, and loved all types of sports ever since she was young.

Plenty of women have won too Olympic gold medals.

? F to

What is the best way to rewrite this sentence?

? G two ? H tue

? F Babe’s real name was Mildred. She was born in Port Arthur, Texas. Ever since she was young, Babe loved all types of sports.

? J No change is needed. 13 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 2.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

? G Babe’s name was Mildred born in Port Arthur, Texas. She loved since she was young all types of sports.

But can you count the number who have won medals in seven track and field events and have set more than five American and world records

? H Mildred was Babe’s name when she was born and loved sports in Port Arthur, Texas. STER.

E MA Y. N I L WABorn K C Y A N L ? A records. ? J She loved all types of sports. A B OT A ED IN N C U S I D O T R was born in Port ? B records? REPBabe TED. I Mildred, H E G B I R O T Texas. COPY IS BOOK Arthur, S I K O H ? C records! PLE BO IVEN FOR T M A S IS NOT G ? D No change isTHneeded. S I N ISSIO PERM

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39


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 15 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 8.

17 Which of the following is not a complete sentence?

? A Only one woman has done all that!

The boys she plays with named her after the famous baseball player, Babe Ruth.

? B The team won. ? C Most of its games.

? A playing

? D She was a one-woman team.

? B played ? C player ? D No change is needed.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

16 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 27.

Babe died on September 27 1956.

? F September, 27, 1956

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY ? H September 27, 1956 L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . ? J No change is needed. GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM ? G September, 27 1956

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40


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 18 Read sentence 10. It is poorly written.

20 Choose the best way to write the underlined part of sentence 25.

In high school, basketball was played by Babe.

Then she decided to start playing a sport.

Choose the best way to rewrite the sentence.

? F doing something else.

? F Basketball was played by Babe in high school.

? G playing a game. ? H playing golf.

? G Babe played basketball in high school.

? J playing another sport.

? H Basketball was playing, in high school, by Babe.

21 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 31.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

? J Babe, in high school, played basketball.

She also funded a medical clinic and wrote the storey of her life.

? A storry

19 Choose the best topic sentence to add to the beginning of the paragraph that starts with sentence 21.

STER. . A M E IN Y WAY ? C storie A BLACKL N A N I S NOT PRODUCED I ? A Babe entered the 1931 Olympics and T I . D No Bchange E RE is needed. GHTED ? I R O won more medals. Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B ? B Babe broke the rules. N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I ? C Babe did not M like to compete. S IS P ER ? B story

? D Some people did not think Babe was talented.

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41


GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Session 3 DIRECTIONS Julie has to write a letter to the principal of her new school. She has already written a draft. Now, she needs help editing and revising it. Read Julie’s draft and use it to answer numbers 22 through 32.

Julie’s Letter

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

(1) Dear Dr. Cannon,

(2) My name is Julie and I just moved here from Atlanta Georgia. (3) I will be a new fourth grade student at your school this september. (4) Because I must use a wheelchair, I have a service dog that helps me do things. (5) I know that R. STEusually

E MA . OT Awith aDUdisabled ED IN person. N C S that rule. (7) All service dogs are allowed in public when I O T TED. I O BE REPR H G I R (8) I would like too explain to youCO what PY Ginger K T for me. (9) So that I can OOdoes S B I S K I O H bring her to school. PLE BO FOR T N M E A V S I THIS NOT G S I N ISSIO (10) Because PERM I cannot get everything I need by myself, it helps to have a IN AY dogs is not allowed in school. (6) However, service dogs areBLthe ACKLexception ANYtoW

service dog. (11) Many people are familiar with guide dogs, which help the blind. (12) But there are other types of service dogs, too. (13) Ginger can pull my wheelchair or carry my things in a backpack. (14) She picks up what I drop and even helps me open or close doors.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D (15) From the moment I met Ginger as a puppy, I knew she and I would be a great team. (16) I feel like she can almost read my mind! (17) She always knows when I need my mom and dad. (18) One time, when I had a cold, I lost my voice. (19) But Ginger still knew what I needed. (20) All I had to do was point and make faces and Ginger knew what to do. (21) She never barks and she is kind to other people. (22) She does sniff strangers when she is trying to figure out if we should trust them that is a good thing. (23) She protects me. (24) She always stays right by my side and never gets in the way.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

(25) Please understand that it is important to me to have Ginger join me at school. (26) She always makes my day more easier. (27) I know that it will be strange to have a dog here at school. (28) I promise to keep her quiet and she will stay right by me and she will be next to my wheelchair at all times. (29) I look forward to introducing you to Ginger next week!

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . (31) Julie King GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

(30) Sincerely.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 22 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 2.

24 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 8. I would like too explain to you what Ginger does for me.

My name is Julie and I just moved here from Atlanta Georgia.

? F Atlanta. Georgia.

? F to explain too

? G Atlanta, Georgia.

? G to explain two

? H Georgia Atlanta.

? H to explain to

? J No change is needed.

? J No change is needed.

23 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 5.

25 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 3.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

I know that usually dogs is not allowed in school.

? A dog is

I will be a new fourth grade student at your school this september.

? A This September.

STER. . A M E ? B This september. ACKLIN IN ANY WAY ? C dogs are L B A NOTSeptember. UCED S this I D ? C O T I R . P ? D No change is needed. GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O D No change is needed. K IS C R THIS BOO? O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM ? B dog are

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 26 Read sentence 17.

28 Read sentence 22. It is poorly written.

She always knows when I need my mom and dad.

She does sniff strangers when she is trying to figure out if we should trust them that is a good thing.

Choose the best sentence to add right after this sentence.

What is the best way to rewrite this sentence?

? F I tell her when to go get them and she listens and follows my directions.

? F She does sniff strangers. When she is trying to figure out if we should trust them. That is a good thing.

? G My family loves dogs. ? H My sister is named Rachel.

? G She does sniff strangers when she is trying to figure out if we should trust them. That is a good thing.

? J Ginger is yellow with a black nose and green eyes.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

? H To figure out if we should trust them she sniffs strangers it is a good thing.

27 Choose the best sentence to add right after sentence 24.

? J She does sniff strangers when she is trying. To figure out if we should TER. trust them it is a good E MAS thing. Y.

? A She is the most well-behaved dog in the world.

ACKLIN IN ANY WA L B A ? B Ginger is the prettiest dog in the S NOT PRODUCED I T I . world. GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K IS CO THIS BOO ? C She is poorly-behaved.LE BOOK N FOR MP E A V S I G S I T TH dog inISthe NO world. ? D She is the silliest N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D 29 Which one of these is not a complete sentence?

31 Read sentence 28. It is poorly written. I promise to keep her quiet and she will stay right by me and she will be next to my wheelchair at all times.

? A But there are other types of service dogs, too. ? B So that I can bring her to school.

What is the best way to rewrite this sentence?

? C I look forward to introducing you to Ginger next week!

? A I promise to keep her quiet, by me and be next to my wheelchair.

? D However, service dogs are the exception to that rule.

? B I promise to keep her right by me quiet and she will be next to my wheelchair.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

30 Choose the correct way to write the underlined part of sentence 26.

? C I promise to keep her quiet and she will stay right by my wheelchair at all times.

She always makes my day more easier.

? F most easier ? G more easiest

? D She will stay quiet by me by my TER. wheelchair. E MAS Y.

ACKLIN IN ANY WA L B A ? H easier S NOT PRODUCED I T I . ED Choose RE correct way to write GHT32 BE the I R O ? J No change is needed. Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOOsentence 30. O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I Sincerely. T TH NO S I N ISSIO ? F Sincerely! PERM ? G Sincerely ? H Sincerely, ? J No change is needed.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

E L P SAM ATION C U D E art C ! Y L Y L L RALStrand by A R . Strand 9 9 . 8 8 8 All Together

P

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Section 1: Strand by Strand Strand 1: The Elements of a Complete Sentence 1

Find the word that best completes the sentence. Mike rode his bike quickly down the

.

A fast B hill C raced D speed

2

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Which of these is not a complete sentence? A Debbie liked to read.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY C She liked mystery books the most. L B A IS NOT PRODUCED D Debbie often read before going to bed. HTED. IT G BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH or wordsISthat 3 Find the word NO best complete the sentence. N O I S IS The fish around in the tank. PERM B Read many books each week.

A swam B animal C bright and pretty D this way and that

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

4

Which of these is not a complete sentence? A Miss Morgan was a nice lady. B She lived in a house at the end of the street. C She owned many cats and dogs. D She took the dogs walk every day.

5

Find the words that best complete the sentence. The girls and boys A at the school B got on the bus C and the teachers D sitting in class

.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D Strand 2: Subject-Verb Agreement 6

Choose the word that best completes the sentence. The train

running late.

A is B are C will D were

7

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Erin and Rima A walk B walks C has walked

to school together each morning this week.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTEDthe sentence. BE RE I R O Y T P 8 Choose the word or phrase that Ibest completes K O K S C R THIS BOO O O B FO scores. The people SAMPLE whenIthe Nteam E V G S I T TH IS NO N A cheer O I S IS PERM D have walked

B cheers

C is cheer D has cheers

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

9

Choose the sentence that is written correctly. A The kittens are playful. B There is four kittens. C The smallest kitten were white. D The kittens was born last week.

10 Find the words that best complete the sentence. dancing on the stage. A Juan and I were

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

B The fourth grade students was C Annabelle look forward to D Moira and Kenny is

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D Strand 3: Capitalization and Punctuation 11 Choose the answer that shows the correct capitalization. A Mr. sanders lives next door. B Alison and Kira are Best Friends. C Ian Reynolds is a good swimmer. D The Girl was new at school.

12 Choose the answer that shows the correct punctuation.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

A It was dark, but, Joseph had a torch.

B The American flag is red, white, and blue. C The pie had apples, and pears in it.

D After the sun went down it, got cold.

STER. . A M E 13 Choose the answer that shows the correct capitalization and punctuation. ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED A The easter holidays are in April. I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P B Christmas Day is in December. K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B PLE onIVBoxing C My Father is not N FO Day Mworking E A S G S I T O TH IS Non N D Our family eats turkey thanksgiving? O I S S I M R PE

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

14 Find the sentence that has the correct capital letters. A We moved houses last Year. B We are going on vacation in July. C I read that it might rain on the Weekend. D I started flute lessons last friday.

15 Choose the sentence that has correct punctuation. A There was a slight breeze? B The sun was shining,

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

C Did you check the weather report. D Do you think it will rain today?

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D Strand 4: Combining of Sentences 16 Which sentence best combines the two sentences? Leah wanted to play outside. It was raining. A Leah wanted to play outside, so it was raining. B Leah wanted to play outside, and it was raining. C Leah wanted to play outside, but it was raining. D Leah wanted to play outside, then it was raining.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

17 Which sentence best combines the two sentences? My dog Buster has shaggy fur.

My dog Buster has a short tail.

A My dog Buster has a shaggy short fur and tail.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A C My dog Buster has shaggy and short fur and tail. NOT UCED S I D O T I R . P ED has BaEshort RE tail. GHTBuster D My dog Buster has shaggy fur and my dog I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO the two sentences? Ncombines 18 Which sentenceISbest O I S PERM B My dog Buster has shaggy fur and a short tail.

The car drove down our street.

The car stopped in front of our house. A The car drove down our street or stopped in front of our house. B The car drove down our street yet stopped in front of our house. C The car drove down our street but stopped in front of our house. D The car drove down our street and stopped in front of our house.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

19 Choose the best way to combine the two sentences. Jordan woke up early. Jordan went for a run. A Jordan woke up and went for a run early. B Jordan woke up early and went for a run. C Jordan went for a run and woke up early. D Jordan woke up and went for a run, early.

20 Choose the best way to combine the two sentences.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Sophie went for a drive.

Sophie went with Adam.

A Sophie, went for a drive, and went with Adam.

B Sophie went for a drive, and she went with Adam, too. C Sophie went for a drive and she went with Adam. D

STER. . A M E Sophie went for a drive with Adam. ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D Strand 5: Separation of Sentences 21 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A Last week, I went fishing with my uncle. B I like most soups, but I don’t like pea and ham soup. C Even though I like camping, I decided to stay home. D The hiking was a lot of fun, it was hard work.

22 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences?

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

A The dog raced around the block, he was fast.

B Next time, I’ll ride my bike instead of walking.

C Of all the friends I have, Calvin is my best friend.

D Without Karen’s help, I would not have finished my homework.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . 23 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts E written GHTED and Tshould BE Rbe I R O Y P as two sentences? K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B FO kind. PLE has been A Since I met him, Nvery MJonah E A V S I G S I T TH NO we had dinner. ISmovies, N B After we went to the O I S IS PERM C I would like to go horse riding, but I am a little scared. D The book was a great read, it was very funny.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

24 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A The pencil is sharp, Roy sharpened it. B When Lorna was young, she liked doing ballet. C Next week, the bookstore will be closed. D The house was old, and it was starting to fall apart.

25 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A Next year, the parade will be even bigger.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

B The author was funny, the book was very good. C After walking for hours, we stopped for a rest.

D Oranges usually have seeds, but some oranges don’t.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

Section 2: All Together 1

Choose the answer that shows the correct capitalization. A I cheered when mikey scored a goal. B Anna can speak some italian. C The White House is a famous building. D The Brooklyn bridge has been in many movies.

2

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A I wasn’t sure which way to go, so I asked a lady for help. B Since I was young, I have always enjoyed reading.

C Last night, I sat outside and stared up at the stars.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . 3 Which sentence best combines the two Ysentences? GHTED BE RE I R O T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O I had an apple for lunch. B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T O lunch. THa sandwich I also had IS Nfor N O I S MIS and a sandwich for lunch. A I had an PERapple D It was a good plan, it didn’t work out quite right.

B I had for lunch an apple and a sandwich also. C I had an apple and had a sandwich for lunch. D I had an apple for lunch and also a sandwich for lunch.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

4

Choose the word that best completes the sentence. The students

learning how to do a tap dance.

A is B are C was D have

5

Find the word that best completes the sentence. Emily A asked B class C said D smart

her teacher a question.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY 6 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should beA written L B as two sentences? S NOT PRODUCED I T I . IGHTED K TO BE RE YRright. A I guessed it was about noon, and CIOwas P BOO S K IS I O H O T B B My birthday is inAJune, NisFOinRJuly. MPLE my sister’s E V S I G S I T O TH IS Nto C After dinner, weSIdecided play board games. N O S I M R PE D My friends liked the movie, but I didn’t.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

7

Which sentence best combines the two sentences? Anton would like a bike for his birthday. Anton would like a skateboard for his birthday too. A Anton would like a bike and a skateboard for his birthday. B Anton would like a bike for his birthday and a skateboard. C Anton would like a bike and a skateboard for his birthday too. D Anton would like a bike and a skateboard too for his birthday.

8

Find the word or words that best complete the sentence.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

The present had a A shine B tying C small gold D in a knot

bow on it.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A OT UCED S Nand I D O T I R . 9 Choose the answer that shows the correct capitalization punctuation. P GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K CO A Ann read a poem called “Last BOO S K ISnight.” I O H O T B LE N FOR by George Orwell. Ewritten AMPFarm” V S I B The novelH“Animal was G S I T T IS NO N O I S C I enjoyedRreading IS the short story “my gift.” PE M D Cooking Today is a good magazine for young cooks.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

10 Which sentence best combines the two sentences? The shirt was too large for Adam. He will grow into it. A The shirt was too large for Adam, or he will grow into it. B The shirt was too large for Adam, but he will grow into it. C The shirt was too large for Adam, and he will grow into it. D The shirt was too large for Adam, then he will grow into it.

11 Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Theo likes to A bake B bakes C has baked D will bake

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8 cakes and pies.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . 12 Choose the answer that shows the correct punctuation. GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K A “Wait for me,” he yelled. OK IS CO BOO S I H O T B R EN F O AMPLE Jordan V S I B “Can I get aHlift home,” asked. G S I T T IS NO N O I S C “It is getting late, IS Leon said.” PERM D “Look out” cried Chan!”

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

13 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A Lions can run fast, but they are not the fastest animal. B A zebra looks similar to a horse, zebras have stripes. C Of all the animals in Africa, giraffes are the tallest. D To keep cool, elephants put mud on their skin.

14 Which sentence best combines the two sentences? The cat crawled into its basket.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

The cat fell asleep.

A The cat crawled into its basket fell asleep.

B The cat crawled into its basket and fell asleep.

C The cat crawled into and fell asleep in its basket.

D The cat crawled and fell asleep and into its basket.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A 15 Which of these is not a complete sentence? S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T A Kai made a snowman in the morning. P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B E B Then the sun came N FO MPLout. E A V S I G S I T TH IS NtoOmelt. C The snowmanSstarted N O I IS PERM D Gone by the afternoon.

16 Choose the word that best completes the sentence. The children

choir practice twice a week.

A is B are C has D have © RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

17 Which sentence best combines the two sentences? I think it will rain tomorrow. My brother does not agree. A I think it will rain tomorrow, so my brother does not agree. B I think it will rain tomorrow, for my brother does not agree. C I think it will rain tomorrow, but my brother does not agree. D I think it will rain tomorrow, and my brother does not agree.

18 Which of these is not a complete sentence?

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

A Allie woke up early.

B Smell pancakes cooking.

C She raced down the stairs.

D Her breakfast tasted great.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY 19 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should beA written L B as two sentences? S NOT PRODUCED I T I . ED BE RE IGHTtight. O YRtoo T A I bought a new pair of shoes, theyCOwere P K BOO S K IS I O H O T B LE to learn FORto ski. B This winter, I would Nhow MPlike E A V S I G S I T TH NO C I liked Mrs. Green, soISI wanted to be in her class. N O I S IS PERM D I read my short story to the class, and they liked it.

20 Choose the answer that shows the correct punctuation. A Its getting late. B That’s a nice shirt. C I was’nt sure what to do. D Louis cant’ sing very well.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

21 Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence. The sound of the bird sometimes

up everyone.

A wake B wakes C waking D is waking

22 Which of these is not a complete sentence? A There was a storm in the afternoon.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

B Marco saw lightning.

C Thought he heard thunder.

D Rain and hail fell from the sky.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY What time does the zoo open. L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . The elephant was huge! GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K S CO There were many animalsOto BOO S K Isee? I H O T B R E MPLout EN F O Aday V S I We had a Hgreat G S I T T IS NO N O I S IS PERM

23 Choose the answer that shows the correct punctuation. A B C D

24 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A Before I left, I checked that I had everything. B This year, my brother turns seven. C We asked if we could play outside, Mom said it was too cold. D I squeezed fresh lemon juice, and it tasted great.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

25 Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence. The clothes on the line

quickly if it is sunny.

A dries B will dry C had dried D have dried

26 Which of these is not a complete sentence? A The grocery store busy.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

B Georgia had to wait in line. C She finally got served.

D Georgia was glad to get home.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY starting to feel tired. L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . The runners is GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O The young child were K IS C R THIS BOO O O B PLEthe baby N FO Eare AMthat V S I The parentsHthink G S I T T IS NO N O I S Graham, Lisa, ISand Pedro were PERM

27 Find the words that best complete the sentence. A B C D

28 Choose the sentence that has the correct capital letters. A It gets very cold here during Winter. B I only started reading the book Yesterday. C I usually get a lift to school on Wednesdays. D Toni posted the letter Last Friday.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

29 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A I waited over an hour for my friend, but then I went home. B After finishing the puzzle, Martina felt good. C Cleo baked a pumpkin pie, it was delicious. D Even though it was raining, Raul went to the beach.

30 Choose the best way to combine the sentences. The rabbit ran across the field.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

The rabbit jumped into the bushes.

A The rabbit ran and jumped across the field and into the bushes. B The rabbit ran and jumped into the bushes across the field.

C The rabbit ran across the field and jumped into the bushes.

D The rabbit ran across and jumped into the bushes and the field.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A UCED 31 Find the words that best complete the sentence. . IT IS NOT D O R P GHTED BE RE I R O Y T The vanilla cake . P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B A pink icing on itAMPLE N FO E V S I G S I T TH IS NO B made by MissSPotter N O I IS PERM C in the fridge D tasted great

32 Choose the sentence that is written correctly. A The map were hard to understand. B Charlie and Anna was lost. C The map did not help them at all. D They finally had to asks someone for help. © RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

33 Choose the sentence that has correct punctuation. A Sean is studying science? B Sean’s mother thinks he studies too hard. C How does Sean feel about studying! D He goes to school every day,

34 Choose the best way to combine the two sentences. Katie had her hair cut. Marina cut Katie’s hair.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

A Katie had her hair cut by Marina.

B Katie had her hair cut and Marina. C Katie had her hair cut Marina.

D Katie by Marina had her hair cut.

STER. . A M E ACKLINas IN ANY WAY 35 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should beA written L B two sentences? S NOT PRODUCED I T I . HTED Gto BE RE I R O Y T A Tomorrow after music class, we are going go for lunch. P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B FO is the longest. B Of all the rivers in PLEworld, the NNile Mthe E A V S I G S I T TH NO of jeans, but he took one back. ISpairs C Clayton boughtSthree N O I IS PERM D The tennis player was very good, she won the game.

36 Find the words that best complete the sentence. Dane waited for the bus

.

A with his friend B bored and annoyed C running late D long time © RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

37 Choose the sentence that is written correctly. A The curtains in the dining room are new. B The table have been in the family for years. C The chairs are nice but they does not match. D The painting on the wall do add some color.

38 Choose the best way to combine the sentences. Raj went to the park. Raj went ice skating.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

A Raj went ice skating in the park.

B Raj went to the park, ice skating.

C Raj went to the park, and Raj went ice skating. D Raj, went to the park, and ice skating there.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY 39 Choose the sentence that has the correct capital letters. L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . A Dani bought a book from the online storeTamazon. GH ED BE RE I R O Y T P K O B Simon put on his Nike running BOO S K IS Cshoes. I O H O T B LE FOR NAcer. MPwas E A V S I C Corey’s Computer made by G S I T TH IS NO N O I S D Pia lovesRdrinking Strawberry Milkshakes. IS PE M 40 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A You can take a train to Boston, or you can fly to Boston. B Benny woke up early, it was a school day. C In the afternoon, there was a thunderstorm. D After buying a new dress, Sandy got a new haircut.

© RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

41 Which of these is not a complete sentence? A Troy and Erin went to the park. B They played football together. C Troy practiced throwing and catching. D Had a lot of fun that day.

42 Choose the best way to combine the sentences. Graham got out the plates. Graham put the plates on the table.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

A Graham got out the plates and put they on the table. B Graham got out the plates and put us on the table. C Graham got out the plates and put it on the table.

D Graham got out the plates and put them on the table.

STER. . A M E ACKLINas IN ANY WAY 43 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should beA written L B two sentences? S NOT PRODUCED I T I . TED GHlead. BE RE I R O Y T A On the last lap of the race, StevenCtook the P K O BOO S K IS I O H O T B FOR wasn’t home. B Richard called hisAM mother, PLE butIVhis Nmother E S G S I T TH NO Paris is my favorite. ISworld, C Of all the cities SinIOthe N IS PERM D The football flew high in the air, it went over the fence.

44 Choose the sentence that is written correctly. A The stove are very hot. B Steven know not to touch it. C Steven’s brothers are not old enough to know. D Steven have to watch his brothers carefully.

© RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

45 Choose the sentence that has the correct capital letters. A The school basketball team is called the Ravens. B Kylie baked a fresh Apple Pie. C Aunt cindy visits us often. D The people on the Boat look happy.

46 Find the words that best complete the sentence. The vase on the table

.

A and the candlesticks

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

B a dozen lovely roses C toppled over

D in the dining room

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY Grandpa is going fishing in the morning. L B A S NOT PRODUCED Henry and Kim is hoping to go with him.TED. IT I GH BE RE I R O Y T P K O Grandpa’s fishing gear areOready. K IS C R THIS BOO O B PLinE the freezer. N FO M E A V S I The fishing bait are G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

47 Choose the sentence that is written correctly. A B C D

48 Choose the best way to combine the sentences. The runner was very good. The runner had not won a race. A The runner was very good, so she had not won a race. B The runner was very good, yet she had not won a race. C The runner was very good, or she had not won a race. D The runner was very good, nor she had not won a race.

© RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION, AND WORD USAGE • LEVEL D

49 Which sentence contains two complete thoughts and should be written as two sentences? A After dinner, Joe and Emily watched a movie. B Ewan ran around the block twice, Ewan felt tired. C Freda wanted to see a movie, so she called her friend. D Last month, the store hired two new people.

50 Choose the sentence that has correct punctuation. A Waynes’ bag is heavy.

E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

B The dogs bed is in the corner. C Jasmine’s room is messy.

D The friend’s walked to the park.

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

© RALLY! EDUCATION. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER.

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E L P SAM ATION C U D E ! Y L RAL 99.RALLY . 8 8 8

STER. . A M E ACKLIN IN ANY WAY L B A S NOT PRODUCED I T I . GHTED BE RE I R O Y T P K O K IS C R THIS BOO O O B N FO MPLE E A V S I G S I T TH IS NO N O I S IS PERM

ISBN 978-1-4204-5571-7


NYS-Grammar-D