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SEPTEMBER 2019 Issue number 15


Bangkok’s Skytrain Pandrol supports the growth and soars higher development of Bangkok’s metro system

TRACK AND TRACKSIDE Intelligent wireless monitoring

STATIONS Passenger-focussed rail infrastructure design

TRAIN TECHNOLOGY Autonomous trains – what’s driving this?

Keeping cities moving 24/7 Reduced time windows for working on track means our focus is on products which drive low and efficient maintenance.

Partners in excellence



SEPTEMBER 2019 Issue number 15


Bangkok’s Skytrain supports the growth and soars higher Pandrol development of Bangkok’s metro system

TRACK AND TRACKSIDE Intelligent wireless monitoring

STATIONS Passenger-focussed rail infrastructure design

editor’s note

TRAIN TECHNOLOGY Autonomous trains – what’s driving this?


Rail Professional welcomes contributions in the form of articles, photographs or letters, preferably by email. Original photographs may be submitted, but, while every care will be exercised, neither the editor nor the publisher take responsibility for loss of, or damage to, material sent. Submission of material to Rail Professional will be taken as permission for it to be published in the magazine. ISSN 2397-8287 © All rights reserved. No part of this magazine may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the copyright owners.


s I sit down to write this, I am looking forward to the third edition of the ASEAN Rail Summit taking place in Kuala Lumpur later this month. It feels like I say this every time we take the magazine to a show based in Malaysia but perhaps we might finally get some clarity on the multitude of projects planned for the southern tip of continental Southeast Asia. Malaysia has happily restarted the East Coast Rail Link (ECRL), the 640-kilometre (400mile) line that will link northeast Malaysia, near the Thai border, to the country’s main port on the busy Strait of Malacca in the west. This was announced in July after the Malaysian government’s debt burden was reduced with the cost of the project being cut by one third. Transport Minister Anthony Loke was quoted as saying: ‘We think we made (the project) more viable and it will be more successful and it will ensure that once the project is completed, then there will be future developments as far as transit-oriented development is concerned and industrialisation along the corridor.’ So, positive news all around for the ECRL and Malaysian-Chinese cooperation – I look forward to discussing the developments with those of you on the ground later this month. The ECRL isn’t the only project looking to be resuscitated though, there is also the highspeed rail cross border link with Singapore that was suspended for similar reasons. That could now be back on track as well as Singapore and Malaysian officials have come to an understanding, although we will have to wait until 30th September to know what will officially happen. Probably the most surprising piece of news to come out recently was Indonesian President Joko Widodo proposal that the country’s capital be moved from Jakarta on the crowded island of Java to the lush climbs of eastern Borneo. Apparently, Bukit Soeharto in East Kalimantan has emerged as the front runner due to its close proximity to existing infrastructure. This presents a real opportunity for Indonesia to build a capital city with a proper airport link and metro system. Indonesia is spoilt for choice of course and from our perspective in the rail and urban transport world – anywhere would be better than Jakarta. Other countries in the region are not so lucky as in a few cases their capital cities are less congested than other potential sites. Myanmar did successfully move its capital to the brand-new city of Naypyidaw in 2005 of course, although Yangon is still the economic and cultural centre of the country – time will tell if Indonesia’s citizens will cling on to Jakarta in the same way. That’s enough speculation, on to this issue of Rail Professional Asia Pacific. Speaking of capital cities, we have an editorial from Pandrol describing their work on the latest extension to Bangkok’s MRT. We also have some features looking at stations, track and trackside, and train technology. As well as out regular education column from Dr Anna Fraszczyk of Mahidol University and a look ahead to all the events happening in the region over the next few months. Sam Sherwood-Hale Editor

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the publisher, nor does it accept liability for any printing errors or otherwise which may occur.

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issue 15 • SEPTEMBER 2019

06 News Keolis opened a new section of its first tram network in China, LTA and SMRT upgrading the Circle Line in preparation for Circle Line 6, High Capacity Signalling testing to begin, Muse to Mandalay route selected, Bombardier wins order to supply twelve commuter trains for Adelaide, Australia, Main section of Mekong-spanning railway bridge completed, Alstom to supply core train systems for first driverless metro line in Nanjing, China, Malaysia $10 billion East Coast Rail Link, Beijing and Chongqing to run QR code tickets for metro and light rail, JICA joins DOTr, railway stakeholders’ inspection of ongoing railway projects

09 Education The first quarter of 2019 was busy at Mahidol University with rail courses delivered by external guests

23 Track and trackside

11 Upcoming events

Tareq Khodabacksh and Graham Smith of Senceive explain how they utilised the company’s monitoring solutions on the Dortmund to Münster railway

Exhibition season is in full swing in Southeast Asia with multiple events taking place over the next few months

25 Track and trackside

15 Stations

When renovating railway lines there are generally two preferred options; grinding or dynamic milling

As crowd simulation software tools such as Oasys MassMotion continue to evolve, they should be the design tools of choice for major infrastructure projects in the rail environment

27 Business profile

19 Mass transit In recent years, Pandrol has supplied a range of solutions to support the growth and development of Bangkok MRT. Here we take a look at the impact of collaborative working and innovation in design, manufacture and technical support across the rapid transit system

When looking at technology in the world of transportation, lately the news has been dominated by stories about autonomous or ‘self-driving’ vehicles

29 Business profile Marmoleum FR specified for Koncar’s EMUs and DMUs commuter operations and regional operations

Rail Professional



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Keolis opened a new section of its first tram network in China Songjiang , China – Through its joint venture in China, Keolis opened a new section of the Songjiang tram network on 10th August. Having won a five-year contract to operate and maintain the Songjiang tram network in August 2018 and open an initial section (13.9 kilometres) in December 2018, Shanghai Keolis, the joint venture between Shanghai Shentong Metro Group and Keolis, has just opened a new 12.86-kilometre section. This brings the network’s total coverage up to 27 kilometres. It now serves 40 stations across the city’s residential areas and its universities, as well as linking up to the Shanghai metro network. The tram network is due to be completed by the end of the year, by which time it will be 31 kilometres long. Songjiang is a suburban district of Shanghai with a population of 1.8 million. The project to build a tram network was initiated by the Songjiang Transportation Investment Operation Group in a bid to provide Songjiang residents and visitors with a more sustainable and reliable shared mobility solution, significantly reducing individual car usage in the process. The service is operated with 30 Alstom-built Citadis trams which run every 10 minutes between 6am and 11pm.

LTA and SMRT upgrading the Circle Line in preparation for Circle Line 6 Singapore – To prepare for the opening of Circle Line Stage 6 (CCL6) in 2025, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) and SMRT have embarked on a series of system enhancements to the existing Circle Line (CCL). The enhancements will allow the decade-old CCL to support a larger CCL network and train fleet when the three new CCL6 stations start operating in 2025. The upgrades include: Signalling system – This is to monitor and support the larger number of CCL trains • Power supply system – This will help to improve system availability and resiliency. For example, the installation of an additional hardware component called the Load Break Switch at substations will help to maintain continuity of traction power in the event of a partial power outage • Hardware and software of the communications system and the integrated supervisory control system (ISCS) to allow more seamless real-time communications between the stations and the Operations Control Centre. This will strengthen SMRT’s control and oversight of the entire CCL railway system. • Construction of the three CCL6 stations – Keppel, Cantonment and Prince Edward Rail Professional

Road stations – as well as the expansion of Kim Chuan Depot commenced in 2017. Works are progressing smoothly and are expected to be completed by 2025.

Tunnelling works for CCL6 commenced with the launch of the Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) at Keppel Station. This TBM will tunnel from Keppel Station to CCL HarbourFront Station. Two other TBMs are expected to be launched in September and October this year. Currently, 66 per cent of earth retaining and stabilising structure works have been completed. Excavation works and construction of structures have also commenced and are progressing well. Foundation and excavation works are also in progress at Kim Chuan Depot Extension. When CCL6 opens in 2025, CCL will have a total of 33 stations with twelve interchanges to connect to all existing MRT lines and the future Thomson-East Coast Line. The stations will also close the loop for the CCL by connecting HarbourFront Station to Marina Bay Station. The expanded integrated Kim Chuan Depot will provide additional stabling facilities to support the larger CCL network and train fleet of 133 trains, and the above ground bus depot will house 550 buses.

High Capacity Signalling testing to begin Melbourne, Australia – The Metro Tunnel Project is bringing next-generation signalling a step closer on some of the busiest lines on Melbourne’s train network. Epping-based TTM Rail has been awarded the $1.6 million contract to fit out two X’Trapolis trains for High Capacity Signalling testing on the Mernda Line. As part of the Metro Tunnel, High Capacity Signalling will be installed on the Cranbourne, Pakenham and Sunbury Lines and allow trains to safely run closer together. Family-owned TTM Rail has a long history of delivering technology products and services to major transport projects. Work has already begun to prepare the track between Epping and South Morang stations for testing to begin in 2020.

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Muse to Mandalay route selected Mandalay, Myanmar – The route for the railway between Mandalay and Muse has been confirmed. The railway will run from Myitnge in Amarapura township in Mandalay, and will pass through eleven townships for about 414 kilometres, said U Htay Hlaing, Deputy General Manager of Myanma Railways. The trip from Muse to Mandalay will take three hours, and the line will link with Kunming city in China, according to Myanma Railways. The line, which will have 36 stations, about 60 tunnels and about 124 bridges, will cost about US$7 billion.

Bombardier wins order to supply twelve commuter trains for Adelaide, Australia Adelaide, Australia – Bombardier Transportation has received a contract variation from the Government of South Australia for twelve three-car A-City electric multiple unit (EMU) trains. This latest order will increase Bombardier’s fleet of A-City EMUs to a total of 34 trains and provide a much-needed capacity increase on Adelaide’s suburban rail network.

Main section of Mekong-spanning railway bridge completed Vientiane, Laos – The main section of a railway bridge crossing the Mekong river in Luang Prabang in Laos was completed at the end of July. The bridge is one of two cross-Mekong bridges along the China-Laos Railway. According to the China Railway No 8 Engineering Group, which is in charge of the construction of the two cross-Mekong River bridges of the railway, construction of the bridge will be completed by the end of 2019.

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Alstom to supply core train systems for first driverless metro line in Nanjing, China Nanjing, China – Alstom has signed a contract with Nanjing Metro to provide traction systems and the train control and monitoring system (TCMS) for 318 metro cars that will run on Nanjing Line 7, the first driverless metro line in the Chinese city. Alstom, with its global experience in unattended train operation (UTO), will also provide technical review for the system. The value of the contract is nearly €50 million (US$55.5 million). Alstom will provide the OptONIX traction system, which was developed specifically for the Chinese market. Alstom’s joint venture, Shanghai Alstom Transport Electrical Equipment Co. Ltd. (SATEE), will manufacture the traction systems with support from Alstom sites in Belgium, France and India. Alstom’s joint venture in Xi’an, Xi’an Alstom Yongji Electric Equipment will supply the traction motors. Nanjing Line 7 is a key metro line in Nanjing’s metro network. 35 kilometres long with 27 stations, it connects the southwest to the northeast of the city. According to the longterm metro network development plan of Nanjing, Line 7 will have interchange stations with eleven metro lines in the future.

Malaysia restarts construction on $10 billion East Coast Rail Link Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – In late July, construction restarted in Malaysia on the $10-billion, Chinabacked East Coast Rail Link (ECRL), 640-kilometre (400-mile) line that will link northeast Malaysia, near the Thai border, to the country’s main port on the busy Strait of Malacca in the west. Costcutting measures have been put in place to

revitalise the project after it was abruptly cancelled last year. ‘The renegotiation for (ECRL) has resulted in greater cooperation between Malaysia and China’ said Malaysia Transport Minister Anthony Loke. The new ECRL project will have the routes shortened from the original plan of 688 kilometres and is expected to be completed by December 2026.

Beijing and Chongqing to run QR code tickets for metro and light rail Beijing, China – Beijing is trialling QR code tickets at 55 pilot stations with all rail transit lines in the city expected to achieve full coverage of QR code payment by the end of August. Passengers can buy tickets, recharge their metro cards and pay excess fares by scanning QR codes on both ticket windows and machines in those pilot stations. All rail transit lines in the city are expected to achieve full coverage of QR code

payment by the end of August. In Chongqing over 160 stations along the rail network have completed or are installing QR code scanners in all gate machines, and the installation is expected to be complete by the end of this year. Chongqing has eight rail lines in operation with a daily passenger volume of about three million.

JICA joins DOTr, railway stakeholders’ inspection of ongoing railway projects Manila, The Philippines – In a move to strengthen their partnership for quality railway infrastructure, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) recently joined the Department of Transportation (DOTr) in The Philippines led by Secretary Arthur P. Tugade and other railway stakeholders in the Philippines for the monitoring and inspection of the government’s priority rail projects. JICA

is supporting the government’s priority railway projects, including the country’s first Metro Manila Subway, with total Official Development Assistance (ODA) loan commitment amounting to JPY595-billion (US$5.6 billion). The Japanese bilateral aid agency is also supporting the creation of the country’s Philippine Railway Institute (PRI) that will serve as training centre of railway operators in the Philippines. Rail Professional Trackbed inspection for condition-based maintenance planning

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Rail shows in the final quarter of 2019 Exhibition Exhibition season season is is in in full full swing swing in in Southeast Southeast Asia Asia with with multiple multiple events events taking taking place place over over the next few months the next few months

The 3rd ASEAN Rail Summit 2019 The 3rd ASEAN Rail Summit will be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, from 18th to 19th September 2019. During the summit, more than 300 experts and decision makers from the ASEAN region and global rail industry government agencies and industry suppliers will come together to discuss the development of rail in ASEAN. Themed around the topic of ‘Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 2025’ and ‘The Belt and Road’ initiative, the 3rd ASEAN Rail Summit will focus on the development of rail in Southeast Asia. In April 2019, Malaysia and China made major breakthroughs in the negotiations on the East Coast Railway project after eight months of suspension; the key projects such as China-Laos Railway, Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway, and China-Thai Railway are being actively promoted. Expect to see all these projects and more being discussed both on stage and off stage throughout the conference. 12th World Congress on Railway Research From 28th October to 1st November 2019 the 12th World Congress on Railway Research will take place at the Tokyo International Forum, Tokyo, Japan, focussing on Railway Research to Enhance the Customer Experience. The World Congress on Railway Research (WCRR) is the world’s largest international congress on railway research, founded by SNCF (France), DB AG (Germany), Trenitalia (Italy), RTRI (Japan), RSSB (UK), TTCI (USA) and UIC. Rail+Metro China 2019 The 14th Shanghai International Exhibition of Intercity and Urban Mass Transit will take place from 12th to 14th November 2019 at the Shanghai New International Expo Center. Rail+Metro China 2018 hosted over 200 exhibitors from 16 countries worldwide, with the show floor

spanning 15,000 square meters. The exhibition attracted a total of 23,698 professional industry visitors, including delegations from the public transport administrations and companies of at least 30 cities (including light rail, metro and trams), as well as more than ten regional railway units. In excess of 1,000 international visitors from at least 30 countries attended, including government delegations from Russia, Germany and Korea. Over 70 per cent of visitors were from railway infrastructure construction companies, rail and metro operators, equipment manufacturers and system integrators. Planning and design institutes, government departments, academic institutions, railway bureaus, financial investment units, associations and organizations accounted for most of the remainder in attendance. Rail+Metro China 2019 will continue to build on its reputation and showcase the latest specialist products and technologies in its category areas of ‘Rail Vehicles & Components’, ‘Signaling, Communications & Information Technology’, ‘Traction Power Supply & Drive Devices’, ‘Maintenance & Repair Equipment’, ‘Planning & Consulting Services’, and ‘Infrastructure & Tunnel Engineering Facilities’. Academic conferences and professional industry

workshops for which the show is well known will take place alongside the exhibition, with themes this year covering ‘Rail Transit Investment & Financing Models’, ‘BigData & Informationization’, ‘Operations & Management’, ‘Vibration & Noise Control’, and ‘Diversified Rail Transit Applications’. International Air Rail Transport Summit The International Air Rail Transport Summit is a new key event offering leading industry and public sector figures the chance to explore the opportunities and challenges facing infrastructure planning, funding and delivery. The focus this year is on the region’s infrastructure pipeline and what can be learnt from benchmark mega-projects from around the world. With a number of major projects coming to conclusion, and many more planned, what is Thailand’s infrastructure priorities post 2020? And what action is required from all stakeholders

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to ensure long-term success? The event takes place on Wednesday 20th November 2019 at the Centara Grand at CentralWorld in Bangkok, Thailand and will be hosted by the International Air Rail Organization (IARO). Speakers include Somprasong Suttayamully – Director of Business Development at Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand (MRTA), James Cornelius – Public Transport Strategy Lead at Heathrow International Airport, Simon Earles – President of the International Air Rail Organization (IARO), Lorenzo Galanti – Italian Ambassador to Thailand, and a representative from the Ministry of Transport Thailand.

6th Thailand Rail Academic Symposium The Thailand Rail Academic Symposium (TRAS) is the largest rail event addressed to academics and industry in Thailand and sponsored by National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office. The 6th edition of the TRAS 2019 is co-organised by Mahidol University and the Thai Railway Engineering Association and will take place in Bangkok, Thailand from 21st to 22nd November 2019.

The theme of the 6th edition of TRAS 2019 is ‘Urban Rail Transit’. The two-day event will attract both rail academia and industry from Thailand. Moreover, for the first time TRAS opens the call for papers for international academics based outside of Thailand. Academic oral and poster sessions will showcase scientific papers on rail research while industry sessions will welcome policy makers, rail industry and the public. In addition, a rail exhibition will be open to all.

Mass-Trans Innovation Japan 2019 Mass-Trans Innovation Japan returns for the 2019 edition from 27th to 29th November at the Makuhari Messe in Chiba near Tokyo. Topics being covered include Traffic/railway systems, lateral technology, civil engineering/infrastructure technology and facilities. Over 32,000 visitors attended the 2017 event which is Japan’s only comprehensive trade show specializing in railway technology.


Creating Opportunity; Embracing Technology’, AusRAIL PLUS 2019 will attract over 900 senior attendees to the conference program which includes plenary sessions, technical streams, live polling sessions and forums with well-respected industry leaders and CEOs. Held every two years, AusRAIL is the two-day, large exhibition year with AusRAIL PLUS being the three-day, major exhibition year. You can meet senior executives from all over Australasia and from around the world under one roof over two days in a relaxed environment filled with high contact networking opportunities and quality branding. Have an idea to revolutionise rail? Take centre stage to tackle the important issues at AusRAIL PLUS 2019 Pitching Competition. The ideas pitched to industry in 2018 ranged from a hands-free ticketing system and the gamification of rail safety, to initiatives for hydrogen fuelled long-distance trains, an Intelligent Seating Recommendation System (iSRS) and regional freight deliveries.

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Courses in rail The first quarter of 2019 was busy at Mahidol University with rail courses delivered by external guests


irst up, in late January 2019, thanks to the support of DAAD, Mahidol University (MU) hosted Dr Martin Lehnert from TU Wildau (Germany), who delivered a two-week course on ‘Telematics in Transport’. Next, in mid-February 2019 Prof Joern Pachl from TU Braunschweig (Germany) delivered a one-week course on ‘Railway Signalling and Operations’. In April and May MU hosted guests from Japan, who educated students on two more modules in ‘Railway System Components and Standards’ and ‘Principles of Service and Maintenance Design for Rail System’. Metro research Early this year CLARE team completed a one-year project for the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP) titled ‘A Study of Systematic Train Operations Planning for Mass Rapid Transit Service Enhancement’. Key outcomes of the project included: 1) criteria for naming and coding stations and interchanges in Bangkok metro network 2) key performance indicators (KPIs) for metro operations 3) Bangkok metro network app ‘BKKRail’ available via Google Play or Apple Store 4) digital standards for monitoring and controlling the operations.

In addition, the CLARE team drafted a comprehensive Bangkok metro network map, with the existing and all planned metro lines. The map will evolve in the future as and when new decisions, lines and station names are officially confirmed. The most recent version of the map is available at: research/ Free STEM resources available As part of the UK-TH MetroExchange project, the CLARE team developed STEM school resources and career sheets promoting the issues of transport in an outreach way. Two Bangkok-related STEM resources (Rail ballast activity and SalayaSiam travel options) are available online free of charge. In addition, careers in transport featuring eight professionals from academia and industry working in transport and the level of STEM subjects involved in their daily duties, are available online, too. Link: clare/research/ Women in engineering Finally, let’s not forget that as we progress with more railway projects in the world, rail workforce is becoming more diverse and inclusive and there are more women joining the industry. International Women in Engineering Day, which is celebrated annually, took place on 23rd June 2019. Resource packs are available online at: www. Dr Anna Fraszczyk Cluster of Logistics and Rail Engineering (CLARE) Mahidol University, Thailand

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Passenger-focussed rail infrastructure design The application of computer-based crowd simulation in the Asia Pacific region to de-risk the design process and plan for operational change


s crowd simulation software tools such as Oasys MassMotion continue to evolve, they should be the design tools of choice for major infrastructure projects in the rail environment. Transportation authorities rely on simulation to understand the performance implications of design decisions considering future conditions and use it to inform the design process from project inception. Major rail stations represent significant investments with long operational lives, through which many changes can be expected. Simulation tools also enable the design to be responsive to the concerns of rail stakeholders to rapidly test a large number of potential operational scenarios. Rail environments are uniquely suited to testing through emergent simulation: there is often acceptable data around target passenger demand but limited ideas of how designs will react to realistic crowding events. Oasys MassMotion is a leading crowd simulation package that uses BIM compatible workflows and a fully 3D environment to rapidly test designs. The simulation reports provide feedback on congestion, individual and average journey times, underused space and facilitate design optimisation throughout the design process. User experience and feedback informs the development of new features and these in turn are leading to increased adoption throughout the Asia Pacific region. To consider simulation only in the design phase would be an error: the rail industry is swiftly adopting these tools to plan for operational conditions such as construction phasing, operational breakdown, and degraded timetables and delays. Oasys MassMotion was created to address design issues in complex rail environments that other tools did not easily answer and continues to develop to support this evolving industry. BIM compatible workflows and increasing automation As the rail industry undergoes a digital evolution, ensuring tools are designed to interact with new ways of working is critical. Oasys MassMotion was conceived

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flexibility for testing operational scenarios. In version 10 of Oasys MassMotion, elevators were introduced for full modelling of vertical circulation in stations. The new Network object allows easy definition of agents with restricted mobility so users can assess the impact of operational performance such as an escalator failure and have agents dynamically reroute to their goal, or quantify the difference in platform journey time across designs for agents who can and cannot use escalators and stairs to ensure inclusive design.

assimilated and understood. Oasys MassMotion provides clear visualisation and analytics for rail performance, such as passenger density maps, platform clearance metrics, and egress time calculations that help objectively assess and compare designs. Results can also be exported to 3D modelling packages for further compelling visualisations: the MassMotion roadmap also contains new visualisation options to provide further flexibility when communicating crowd movement to clients. Data trapped in a proprietary format is data and not information. As a result, Oasys MassMotion uses industry standard databases and to aid communication with non-technical stakeholders there is a free viewer program that supports a range of 3D visualisation headsets. In a rapidly moving design world, producing these metrics on tight timeframes can present a challenge. The MassMotion Software Development Kit (SDK) offers unprecedented ability to automate the generation of results from multiple scenarios, rapidly reducing the time taken to export and compare design performance. Rail projects using the SDK have automated results generation as part of broader digital workflows to enable rapid turnarounds between design change, analysis, and communication to stakeholders and decision makers.

Testing operational changes and resilience How does pedestrian simulation work? There are a variety of methodologies from the very basic to advanced algorithms based on the latest research and social behavioural models. Oasys MassMotion has an advanced wayfinding and route choice algorithm, the intelligent agents find their way to their destination based on their individual perceived cost of all alternative routes. The agents exhibit dynamic behaviour, reacting to congestion and changing routes without user intervention. This advanced approach allows for rapid testing of different scenarios without forcing the user to map out various journeys. The design is tested, rather than the assumptions of the modeller. Oasys MassMotion additionally has a flexible timetable import system that allows for simulations based on large amounts of detailed rail data. Import your schedule, population, origins and destinations of virtually any complexity and MassMotion will automatically route the agents through the model. This system directly interfaces with spreadsheet systems and can also be automated based on input data. Hence, importing of changed timetables to test the impact of degraded service or missed headways can be performed in far less time. As mentioned previously new features are developed in response to user requirements, providing even more

Use in Asia Pacific Oasys MassMotion is used in rail environments all around the world, from Asia to the Americas and across Europe. Designers and operators across the Asia Pacific region are incorporating MassMotion into their workflows. Major rail and metro projects in China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Vietnam and Australia have used MassMotion in the previous 18 months, with many ongoing projects throughout design, construction, and operation. MassMotion is used in the Asia Pacific region by transportation agencies, consultants and engineers, and architects operating throughout the rail environment. In addition to assessments of station performance from a transportation perspective, MassMotion is also used in the Asia Pacific region on a wide variety of project types, ranging from evacuation studies of tall structures, assessments of circulation through malls, airport design and operations, and stadium optimisation and egress studies. As a result of this increased usage, Oasys MassMotion 10.5 will be released in late 2019 with full Chinese language support, greatly increasing ease of use for Chinese speakers. This is a major milestone as the first non-English language translation, reflecting the growth of MassMotion in Asia as a planning and design tool. Overall, simulation tools to assess crowd flow are forming a core part of design and operational workflows. As the rail industry continues to adopt digital practices and make design decisions based on data, Oasys MassMotion continues to grow and evolve to suit this need. From simple design checks to de-risk investment through to production of living models that are updated throughout the design, construction and operation of major facilities providing more value over time, Oasys MassMotion has a role to play in ensuring people are at the heart of the rail design process. For more information or a short-term trial licence for Oasys MassMotion use the below contact information Tel: +44(0) 207 755 4515 Email: quoting RPAP. Visit: Rail Professional

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Bangkok MRT: the Pandrol effect In recent years, Pandrol has supplied a range of solutions to support the growth and development of Bangkok MRT. Here we take a look at the impact of collaborative working and innovation in design, manufacture and technical support across the rapid transit system


ack in 1992, the Thai Government realised that the growing population of the Bangkok region needed new rapid transit systems to move quickly and easily around the area and a state enterprise for the creation of the Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand (MRTA) was set up. Today the MRTA oversees the operation of the: Bangkok Mass Transit System, an elevated rapid transit system commonly known as the BTS or the Skytrain The Metropolitan Rapid Transit (MRT), began operation in 2004 and is made up of three heavy haul rail lines and two monorail lines. This serves more than 420,000 passengers every day in the Bangkok Metropolitan region. Pandrol’s projects for the MRTA are a great example of collaborative working and innovation, both within the company and with the customer, to achieve the best possible outcomes. Fine lines MRT’s Purple Line and Green Line South were completed in 2016 and 2017 respectively. The Purple Line is 23 kilometres long, running from Tao Poon to Khlong Bang Phai; the Green Line South is

12.6 kilometres long, running from Bearing to Samutprakarn. For both lines, Pandrol: • delivered the Double Resilient System (DRS) fastening system • supplied rail seats – 184,000 for the Purple Line and 97,000 for the Green Line South • supplied aluminothermic welding and the Pandrol QTrack® embedded rail system for the depot areas • designed and supplied a complete composite conductor rail system for the lines’ electrification. Pandrol’s work has now been extended to the upcoming Green Line North project, which is due for completion this year and will carry axle loads of up to 17.5 tonnes. Pandrol will supply 140,000 more rail seats and develop the electrification system for the new line. Pandrol’s DRS System was recently specified for the northern extension of the Green Line elevated railway. This is operated by Bangkok Skytrain system and involves approximately 19 kilometres of track in a densely populated area near to Bangkok. Pandrol DRS has also been specified for the Orange Line East, for which construction has not yet started.

Why DRS fastening? Pandrol has been supplying resilient fastening systems for non-ballasted tracks for more than 40 years, from the early Shinkansen tracks in Japan to the more recent South Korean and Chinese highspeed systems. ‘Our DRS assembly was the ideal solution for Mass Rapid Transit Authority because of its high performance and vibration reduction properties’ explains Louis Vandamme, General Sales Manager (AsiaPacific). ‘DRS has benefits for the contractor, in terms of ease and speed of installation, as well as for the track operator, due to its durability and long-term performance. It is widely used in major developing cities such as Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and Dubai.’ The Pandrol DRS system features a Pandrol e-Clip baseplate, mounted on a studded natural rubber pad that provides resilience. This can be tuned, within limits, to suit specific axle loads and stiffness requirements. The system is suitable for all rail inclinations and rail types and is optimised for top-down methods of construction, or bottom-up methods with alternative anchorage. DRS reduces the transmission of low frequency noise and vibration due to its low stiffness. >>

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ress, Singapore 26th ITS World Cong October 21 – 25, 2019 Visit us at Booth 318. seeing you. We look forward to

As a leading engineering and consulting company in the rail sector, we offer sustainable, made-to-measure mobility and transport solutions. From light rail to high-speed traffic, from industrial railway to complex logistics concepts – as a full-service provider we take care of consulting, design and realization, from the idea to operations. No matter what challenges you face – we will find the best solution. We always keep the goal in mind: to make your project a success. China Room 2480, Beijing Sunflower Tower No. 37 of Maizidian Street Chaoyang District, 100026 Beijing Phone +86 10 6533 6773

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Pandrol’s DRS provides the advantages of an indirect rail fastening system, distributing the vertical deflections between the rail pad/clips and the baseplate pad/ compression springs and separating the functions of the anchorage and rail fastening. To cater for the interaction between the rail and the track structure, low toe load and/or zero longitudinal restraint (ZLR) fastening options are available. The coil springs and baseplate pad absorb most of the vertical deflections and also play a part in countering the effects of end rotation where simply supported beams form part of the viaduct structure. Vertical and lateral adjustment is provided for construction/maintenance requirements. Vertical adjustment typically up to 20mm and lateral adjustment through lockable eccentric bushes (± 3mm per rail and ± 2mm by differential side post insulators) total ± 5mm per rail. Innovative installation As Dean Whitmore, Market Manager for Pandrol Singapore, explains: ‘These fastening systems were specified as they offer durability and reliability for the project owner and a quicker and more efficient construction method for the contractor.’ Pandrol’s DRS system is popular with contractors as it enables quick and simple installation. The system is installed on cast in-situ concrete plinths and the assembled baseplates are hung from the rail. For Green Line North, Pandrol introduced a new construction method that allowed the

contractor to concrete up to the baseplate in one operation, dramatically improving construction productivity by reducing installation time. Special construction bolt-holders supplied to the contractor by Pandrol allow the anchor bolts to be installed very accurately and allow for very rapid preparation and construction time. The Pandrol DRS assembly is well suited to high speed applications installed on precast blocks, sleepers or slab. Pandrol has provided both technical product support and training for contractors on the installation of the DRS system. Electrification expertise Pandrol also built on its experience and track expertise to provide full support for the development of an electrification package to suit the specific Bangkok MRT track infrastructure. ‘A third rail conductor solution using unique co-extrusion technology was chosen as this offers longevity and high performance for MRTA’, explains Fréderic Petrus, Pandrol’s Electrification Manager. ‘As the project has challenging environmental conditions and is large in scale, Pandrol’s co-extruded technology was selected for its safety characteristics and reliability.’ The use of third rail has a number of benefits, including: • greater expected lifespan than an overhead contact wire due to its rigidity • eradication of the impact of electromagnetic interference on electrical components



• reduced maintenance costs because power supply equipment is virtually maintenance-free, with only regular inspections and cleaning required • high reliability and safety – with Pandrol’s third rail, there is no need to control the thickness of the stainless steel. All Pandrol’s products are designed specifically for the railways and its technical engineers have extensive experience in third rail. For this project, Pandrol designed, manufactured and supplied the third rail, providing a detailed layout for approval by the customer. The experience within the Pandrol team means that all track interfaces are considered and managed with cohesion and expertise. In addition, Pandrol provided theoretical, classroom-based training for contractors, as well as practical training on site. A complete solution This project exemplifies the advantage of working with Pandrol, where different divisions within the business work together seamlessly and efficiently to deliver the very best solution to the customer. This collaborative, cohesive approach, coupled with the company’s commitment to innovation in design, manufacture and technical support, ensure that every project is implemented to the highest standard. Email: Visit: Rail Professional



Intelligent wireless monitoring of the German railway Tareq Khodabacksh and Graham Smith of Senceive explain how they utilised the company’s monitoring solutions on the Dortmund to Münster railway


ntelligent monitoring is the integration of multiple sensors or sensor types together in one system, enabling them to automatically do things without human intervention. The idea is that if a node triggers, it talks to other nodes around it. For example, if one node moves it can trigger an image from a camera and automatically report that. Intelligent monitoring is about enabling a civil engineer to make decisions as best as they humanly can. Sensors take the data so far, and then it flows through other systems and software to produce charts, graphs, 3D visualisations – whatever is required to display that data clearly to aid decision making. Here is an example of how Senceive’s Intelligent Monitoring Solutions (IMS) helped Deutsche Bahn wirelessly monitor a remote German rail embankment.

end of 2018 a major fissure appeared along a one-hundred-metre stretch of embankment, which ran parallel to the rail line. There was much concern and it was deemed necessary to deploy an emergency monitoring system to investigate further, eliminate potential risk and prevent any interference with the busy train line. Due to Senceive’s pedigree in providing monitoring solutions for both slopes and track bed within the rail industry

throughout Europe and beyond, Deutsche Bahn selected the FlatMesh® system to monitor at-risk areas once the fissure had been filled in. This smart wireless system can be easily deployed in a matter of hours and allows the rail maintainer to see the relationship between slope and track. The solution To better understand and manage the impact of any potential slope movement to

The problem The Dortmund to Münster railway line is one of Germany’s major train lines. During the

With Senceive as a partner it was an easy task to introduce new monitoring solutions to our network and we were able to install and put the monitoring into operation in short time. It’s always good to have a reliable and highly flexible supplier like Senceive. Markus Hinz, Project Manager Wireless Monitoring, DB Netz AG Rail Professional



the track, Senceive sent an emergency track monitoring kit, consisting of 34 triaxial tilt sensors and a 3G gateway to measure submm movements, which can be deployed in a matter of minutes if required. For the main investigation a three-kilometre embankment was monitored using a total of 233 stake-

mounted triaxial tilt nodes, arranged in two offset rows at approximately 25 metre intervals. A FlatMeshÂŽ 3G camera was also deployed to give clear still shots 24/7 of the main area that had the filled in fissure. This would be triggered upon significant movement.

The wireless sensors were all able to communicate with seven solar powered gateways, which then transmitted secure data to the WebMonitor visualisation software, which can then be accessed online by registered users. The outcome During the late winter period, up to 9mm of movement was detected by multiple sensor nodes in the at-risk area during a oneweek period, before returning back to the baseline. The 3G camera images could easily be accessed remotely and clearly showed that the area experienced snow during this time, which indicates that the movement was caused by extreme variations in temperature causing the ground to contract/ expand. This precise data and accompanying visuals corroborate the hypothesis that the fissure, and original movement that caused it, was due to de-vegetation of a local field which impacted the soil moisture levels near the rail line. This was then further influenced and exacerbated by seasonal changes such as the snow in winter. The exceptional battery life of the nodes, of 12-15 years, offers the flexibility for the monitoring duration to be extended to further investigate the seasonal impact on the slope movement and the emergency track bed monitoring kit is on hand in the event of movement relating to slippage which might impact the rail line. Rail Professional



Developing unique products to meet rail demands When renovating railway lines there are generally two preferred options; grinding or dynamic milling


ompared to grinding, the highspeed re-profiling of a line represents significant time and financial savings. Specially designed trains, operating at a constant speed of 700 meters per hour, machine the existing track profile. By removing millimetres of metal from the damaged surface, the track is restored to its original condition. With each application, the first cutter roughens the surface, the second one finishes it, and the two units act on both rails simultaneously. The operation provides a high-quality surface finish, while metal chips produced during the milling stage are transferred to a nearby container, ensuring no debris is left on the track. This ‘on the-move’ application requires specialised equipment to achieve optimum results, such as ‘train machine tools’ designed to carry dynamic rail milling cutters and inserts. An increasing number of these are being produced by leading global manufacturers as demand from railway organisations and government bodies for track maintenance increases. Global cutting tool manufacturer Dormer Pramet works in partnership with several high-speed milling machine manufacturers to delivery key projects around the world. One of these projects included the milling of

three different rail profiles for a customer in the Netherlands. Dormer Pramet’s 600mm diameter dynamic rail milling cutter was able to machine the combined profile (60E1, 54E1, 46E3 1:40) and another profile 54E5 1:40,

without having to change the inserts. Using the same cutting tools across several profiles is hugely beneficial as it saves both time and costs, reducing the number of tool changeovers. Tomas Hantek, Application Manager for Rail Professional



railway at Dormer Pramet, said: ‘As with all railway projects, each application is different from the next, so we regularly tailor our products to meet the need of the customer. ‘It is very important we work closely with the machine tool manufacturer and rail organisation to identify where adaptions need to be made to achieve the desired results.’ The development of new rail technology is constantly taking place and modifications are needed on both sides to optimize the match between the machine and cutting tool. Dormer Pramet has adapted its popular dynamic milling cutter in various sizes, from 300mm to 900mm, with plans to develop a

1,400mm diameter version in the future. Tomas added: ‘We recently delivered a 300mm diameter dynamic rail milling cutter to a customer for testing. This has been custom made to specifically fit their new machine. In the first trial, they discovered that the cutter profile was as they required. However, they realized their new machine was not strong or rigid enough to cope with the demands of the application. We are now working with them to make some changes and help move the project forward.’ At present, Dormer Pramet has more than 50 dynamic rail milling cutters out in the market, including in the Netherlands, Germany and Poland. This is an indication of the international nature of the railway segment, with tool suppliers, machine tool builders and customers from different parts of the world, working together on applications which often take place in different countries. This not only requires precise logistical management, but an understanding of different standards and accreditations between countries. Many projects involve large international organizations, as well as support from government agencies and administrations, along with affiliated transport associations. Wheel returning Another example where Dormer Pramet provides support to the railway segment is in wheel returning. This too can see standard tools being modified to become custommade specials, unique to the requirement of the application. Its assortment of rectangular LNMT and round ROEX inserts, for example, have proven a big hit with customers in North America, with the range available from its distribution center in Hebron, Kentucky. A customer in Philadelphia was having

issues with its previous LNMT inserts as they were not able to break chips during a wheel turning operation. The resultant long, continuous swarf congested the area around the workpiece. The process to clear the chips is not only time consuming but can also be hazardous. Dormer Pramet put forward its standard LNMT inserts, but during tests, found these too did not break the chips as required. Following further feedback and discussions with the customer, the company was able to make two key changes to its insert. First it added a corner radius chip breaker to relieve some of the pressure on the tool. It then tailored the geometry and design of the insert to prevent nesting at high depths of cut. The end user wanted to make one pass, so the LNMT insert needed to be able to achieve a staggering .700 inches (18mm) depth of cut at the first attempt. Following the changes, the insert was put in for further testing. Not only did this new design fix the chip control problem, but it consistently outperformed all other inserts tested. The customer now orders from Dormer Pramet. In addition, the company has started to use their RCMX, RCMT and TNMG inserts on a variety of operations, such as the turning down of axles. This has allowed them to reduce cycle time by an average of 30 per cent, saving more than US$30,000 in the first year, with greater operational efficiency and improved performance. Railway wheel turning is an area Dormer Pramet is looking to expand its assortment further. Where the LNMT can support large depths of cut, the company is now working on a new insert for delivering small depths of cut, around 1mm. A popular trend with customers when machining railway wheels is to perform the operation with a low depth of cut. This is still completed in one pass, but the reconditioning will be required more often between uses. This new product will support those applications. It is currently in the testing phase, with the aim to launch the insert in 2020. Company profile Dormer Pramet is a global manufacturer and supplier of tools for the metal cutting industry. Its comprehensive product program encompasses both rotary and indexable drilling, milling, threading and turning tools for use in a wide variety of production environments. An extensive sales and technical support service operate from 21 offices, serving more than one hundred markets worldwide. These are assisted by dedicated production facilities in Europe and South America and a highly developed distribution and logistics network. Tel: +44 (0)7860 685087 Email : Visit:

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Autonomous trains – what’s driving this? When looking at technology in the world of transportation, lately the news has been dominated by stories about autonomous or ‘self-driving’ vehicles


t is tempting to look at the numerous driverless train systems around the globe and conclude that this technological stage in the urban rail industry was passed several years ago. But looking deeper, you will notice that those rail systems are ‘automated’ not ‘autonomous’. Essentially, they represent well orchestrated control systems that manage network elements and coordinate movements of trains from a central control location. Yes, they are ‘driverless’, but there aren’t any actions at the train level that can be defined as autonomous.

does that make it a good idea, given the fact that we already have the driverless train capability? This paper explores the challenges of autonomous trains and the underlying benefits and improvements that will drive its adoption.

So, what would it take to apply autonomous vehicle technology to trains, and why would we want to do it? There are many enabling technologies converging at the moment, such as advanced sensor technology, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, IOT connectivity, and big data. All of this would point to a future where a train could eventually have similar decisionmaking capability to a self-driving car. But

around it without the need for additional infrastructure. The train can use that vision to determine the state of signals or other equipment along the wayside as input to decide its movements. It can also identify potential danger situations, weather impacts, and maintenance concerns. At a high level, the train can ‘think for itself’ and consistently operate in an optimized, safe manner.

What is autonomous train technology? Advanced sensor technology is now available such as LIDAR, RADAR, cameras, and other sensors that can give a train ‘vision’. Through the use of advanced AI processors, a train can determine its location based upon identifying the environment

Does the technological equivalent of a ‘highly experienced driver’ provide justification on its own for the adoption of so much advanced technology? A train with a vision capability would definitely provide additional safety capabilities for detection of trackside workers, objects on the track and other potential guideway dangers. For certain this will bring benefits in terms of operational flexibility and efficiency, but overall, some type of signaling system is still required to coordinate the movements amongst trains. The initial significant impact of introducing autonomous features will be achieved by the ability to greatly reduce the amount of wayside equipment required and provide enhanced recovery capabilities. If autonomous trains use train-train (V2V) communications so they can communicate and coordinate with each other, it eliminates the need for wayside systems designed to track train location and ensure safe movements. Trains will still need to communicate to wayside equipment such as switches and platform screen doors to determine their status and coordinate their functions but the need for dedicated communication infrastructure is being superseded by the advent of other new technologies. This is where the importance of advanced wireless communications such as 5G will start to make an impact on the urban rail industry. Eventually, through the application of artificial intelligence and Big Data approaches, the entire system of coordinated trains can be optimized according to the operator goals – optimum performance, energy savings, and so on. By incorporating the ability to access alternative data feeds such as weather data or sporting event calendars, the system can become more predictive in nature and anticipate issues before they occur. The entire rail network becomes autonomous in nature, making its own decisions to meet operational goals. (It should be noted that these techniques can be applied to automated networks as well). Challenges in adapting this technology If all of that sounds too good to be true, it Rail Professional



is definitely not without challenges. Sensor technology has to be perfected to safely and securely enable vision at distances that provide safe stopping distances for trains. A distributed network of autonomous trains introduces an entirely new layer of complexity into system design, with important concerns around cybersecurity, reliability analysis, system maintenance and monitoring. The system response to failure scenarios and fallback planning approaches need to be well thought through. Implementing systems using artificial intelligence to the same safety level requirements as existing systems remains a challenge. So, it won’t happen tomorrow. Initially we expect to see the technology appear in specific functions such as train localization and line of sight recovery functions for trains in degraded mode, for example. But just like other technological advancements,

The Group’s solid financial standing with revenues of more than €19 million (US$21 million) guarantees a far-reaching and long-term presence as a multi-domestic and international partner. Technological innovation is a recurring theme in all Thales businesses. Thales maintains its leading technology with focused investment of close to 20 per cent of its annual revenue in R&D. Some 20,000 researchers are involved in research and development at more than fifty sites in a dozen countries, sharing information and best practice as an integrated network of qualified R&D engineers. Thales’ current R&D efforts are focused on new design tools and methods, secure software and intelligence technologies (data fusion, knowledge bases, image processing, etc.). Another basic priority is to secure sources of highperformance electronic components and critical technologies for the long term.

one day you wake up to see your morning train thinking by itself. About Thales Thales is a leading multi-domestic electronics and systems group, addressing defense and security, aerospace, space, digital identity and security, and ground transport markets worldwide. State-of-theart technologies combined to the expertise of over 80,000 employees in 68 countries make Thales a key player in assuring security of people, assets, infrastructures, cities and nations. Thales has the capability to provide the entire service package, from design to commissioning, and offer its customer comprehensive prime contracting with responsibility for every link in the logistics chain. Similar approaches are applied to infrastructure management, simulatorbased training and business process outsourcing.

About Thales in transport For ground transportation, countries, cities, and transport operators rely on Thales to adapt to rapid urbanisation and meet new mobility demands whether locally, between cities or across national frontiers. Thales’ expertise in signalling and communications fare collection and cybersecurity gives people and goods a connected journey moving them safely and efficiently. No matter how challenging the project Thales stays by its customer’s side until the job is done. Whatever it takes.

About Thales in urban rail signalling All over the world, Thales’s SelTrac™ Communications Based Train Control (CBTC) solution helps urban public transport operators to carry three billion passengers every year. Thales’ meets customers’ needs to improve the throughput of new or existing systems, maximize infrastructure investments, and improve passenger journey and experience. As inventor of the CBTC technology, continuous innovations are embedded in product evolution based on lessons learned with Thales’ customers. Thales has 1,400 employees in Toronto, its global competence center, and a total of 2,800 globally with the rest of the world. The company has worked on very complex existing networks in New York, London, Paris, Hong Kong, Singapore, and also helped cities build new networks in Dubai, Doha, Santiago, Vancouver, Kuala Lumpur, and Seoul. Tel: +1 (416)7484401 Email: Visit:

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Forbo’s full range of flooring solutions Marmoleum FR specified for Koncar’s EMUs and DMUs commuter operations and regional operations


ONČAR signed a Contract for Delivery of 44 Low-floor Multiple Units to HŽ - Croatian Railways Passenger Transport on 30th January, 2014. The first of the 32 Electric Multiple Units for Croatian Railways started regular operation on 9th April 2015. The first diesel-electric Multiple Unit delivered by KONČAR - Electric Vehicles (KEV) to HŽ Passenger Transport was put into operation on 15th February 2016. Forbo Flooring Systems, Marmoleum Real FR floor covering was specified for this project. In total 7,658 sqm of flooring has been supplied via the distributor Pervius dizajn in Croatia. Marmoleum FR is renowned for its sustainability, durability and performance. Marmoleum FR is created using a high percentage of natural raw materials with renewable and recycled content. All Marmoleum FR floors include Topshield 2, a double layer, UV cured finish that is scratch and scuff resistant, easy to maintain and ensures long lasting appearance retention. With its natural bacteriostatic properties and resistance to chemicals, Marmoleum FR is the ideal solution for heavy traffic rail vehicles. To find out more about the full range

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of Forbo’s flooring solutions available to the rail industry please visit: Alternatively, if you wish for a Forbo Flooring representative to contact you or to send in an enquiry then please email your details to the following address;

Tel: +44 (0)1773 744121 Email: Visit: Follow us on; LinkedIn - Forbo Flooring Transport Twitter- @forbotransport

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