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The Twisted Sunshine

A Variation


Other Works

Childhood on the Roof

The Makers' Community

A Utopia for Housewives

Wandering in Paintings

01 Old Building Renovation Optical Design

The Twisted Sunshine

Velux International Award|Group Work Tutor: Song Ying Team Member: He Lisha, Jiao Yangminghui, Wang Dongyang, Ding Haoyun Location: Henan, China Date: 2016.01----2016.06

House cave is a traditional housing typology in North China. They are generally carved out of a hillside. Typically, the depth of one housing unit is around 7-15m, and the face width is usually 3-4m. Generally, natural lighting distribution is lacking in the housing since the windows are limited by the layout. Particularly, it is even harder for the residents to use electric light. In this condition, it is not realistic for them to use electric lights. This project is aimed to improve the lighting condition. Rather than conventional electrical engineering and lighting design, this design will take advantage of the natural light. Based on the design, the cost will be much lower and the conduction will be more feasible and efficient. Optical fibers have high efficiency, so they are the ideal materials to lead the light into the indoor space. These linear lights can be dragged to any place, the flexibility of the material give the opptunity to form different pattern, and can be used based on human activities. The ends are just like flowers so that people can control the light intensity through adjusting the open and close of the flowers. In this way, residents could create the most suitableďźŒcomfortable environments according to their needs.

The Distribution of Cave Dwellings and Their Status




Make Bed

Make Bed

Make Bed










Proportionally, the depth of the house cave is having negative impact on natural lighting in the room.


Indoor light conditions are poor and the electric facilities in these areas are not sufficient which make it challenging for residents to get decent light condition.



The size of the window is determined by the building materials.

Concept Generation

Design some lights which are elastic and flexible to adjust to different needs

Reduce the Cost

No Electric Power Supply

Introduce natural lighting into the room for economy benefit and power efficiency.

Technology Design

The lights' open and close can be controlled to adjust the illumination intensity

Optical Fiber

Light Collection

The light-transporting efficiency of the optical fiber is pretty high and it is soft so that its shape could be changed easily.

The angle of the light collecting device could be adjusted according to the light condition in outdoor spaces

Have Dinner

02 Urban Renovation Children Activity Space

Childhood on the Roof

“Autodesk Revit Cup” Sustainable Building Design Competition The Third Award|Group Work Tutor: Luo Ming, Song Ying Team Member: He Lisha, Jiao Yangminghui, Wang Ying, Wu Jiaqi, Liu Zuozhi Location:Changsha, Hunan, China Date:2015.03----2015.09

The project is located in Xiwenmiaoping, the old city in Changsha. The design‘s purpose is to provide kids with activity space in the historical district. The historical district is facing several problems, like poor infrastructure, low efficiency transportation system, high density buildings and narrow streets, etc.. Kids in this area have few activity space to enjoy the sunshine and nature. They are also restricted when it comes to study and exercise. On the other hand, their parents are always busy on work and don’t have enough time to take care their kids. As a result, kids are always in danger when playing games on the streets. Our design aims at providing them with the same opportunity and space as the kids in other areas. Meanwhile, the project also applies some advanced technology to manage kids' activities and also can solve the problems in kids' learning space.

Status Analysis

Target Users:Kids in the Old City Population age structure

Kids family structure



Residents of other ages


Children of migrant workers

Children of local residents

Most of the migrant workers have to work out of the old city. The young local residents also have to manage their shops in the old city or go out and work somewhere. As a result, it is common that children are always left with their grandparents or even left by their own, which has negative impacts on kids mentally and physically.

Children have no place to do homework but to study by the side of street

Trees are pretty rare in the old city and the sunshine is hard to get

Children lack the supervision from adults who have to work during the daytime

Kids' safety is threatened by the strangers around.

Ideal Childhood

Childhood is supposed to be full of sunshine, nature and joy. Kids should have sufficient places to run, to do sports, to play with their friends. They should have clean and tidy places to study, to paint, to watch movies and etc..

There is no enough space for new construction and the old buildings also have historical value

Children lack sufficient activity space

Kids' safety is threatened by the traffic chaos

Concept Generation

Site Analysis Surrounding Kids Activity Facilities The site is located in Xiwenmiao district, a part of the historical district. There used to be an important school with nearly 1000 years’ history. However,during the 1938 Changsha Fire, most of the buildings in this area are burned down except for an archway. But for all these, the existing buildings built after 1938 are of historic and cultural values due to their traditional style.




1km 2km 3km 4km

Provide enough activity space

It is unreasonable to demolish, build or rebuild buildings due to the historic values of the buildings.

Get close to trees and sunshine


Put children’s activity places on the roofs

Avoid strangers

Library Children's Palace The facilities can be afforded by households in the old city The facilities can't be afforded by households in the old city

Reduce stairs

Link different cottages with footbridges

Avoid traffic chaos

Scheme Generation Step1:Choose where to build

Step2:Arrange vertical transportation C1

On the plat roofs which are tougher



Near the trees to get close to nature


C1:Between buildings

Correspond with the roof shapes

C2:On the sidewalk

Fix corridors to the walls under windows

C3:Near the school

Design suspension bridges above the streets



On the concave roofs which look safer




Cabin for Hide-and-seek

Cabin for Play Bricks

Section of Nodes Nodes on the Plat Roofs S3



P3 S2 P1 A3 S4 S1

A4 Media Center




P2----Wading Pool and Sandpit

P3----Cabin for Play House

Nodes on the Concave Roofs Cabin for Hide-and-seek


A1----Cabin for Study

A2----Cabin for Read

A3----Media Centre

A4----Cabin for Extra Curricular Training

Nodes near Trees

Media Center Cabin for Training Maze

S1----Cabin for Hide-and-seek

S2----Small Theater

S3----Cabin for Grow Plants

S4----Cabin for Play Bricks

Cabin for Play Bricks Cabin for Play House

Structure Design

Structure of Corridors

Example of Node Structure Step 1


Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

Roof Use purlins to support corridors Purlin Longitudinal Wall Sandalwood

Use purlins to support corridors

Clolumn Sandalwood Gable Add columns to support

Most of the buildings in the old city are in Chuandou structure, which is quite common in traditional Chinese buildings. The diagram above illustrates all the structural elements in the buildings.To make this design become feasible,I decided to use the existing structure such as longitudinal walls,columns,purlins,gables as structural elements.

Reinforced concrete roofs to support the corridors

Section and Internet Management System

Pay Points

Play in the Pool and Sandpit

Watch Performance

Play House

Get Points

We designed a system of punching the clock and timekeeping to record kids' activity time and then give them relevant points or deduct some points to help their parents look after them.

Online Surfing

Play with Bricks

Play in the Maze

Play Hide-and-Seek


Do Homework

Grow Plants

Taking Courses

03 Museum Office Building Internet Plus

A Utopia for Housewives Individual Work Tutor: Song Ying GFA: 4867 ㎥ Location: Changsha, Hunan , China Date: 2015.09----2015.11

Housewives always suffer from psychological problems and they always stay at home taking care of old family members, their children and doing all kinds of house keeping. Their social circle is limited and they always lack senses of achievement. Moreover, their contributions towards their families are always underestimated and it is normal that they are treated unfairly at home. Considering this situation, this design is aimed at providing housewives with online management so that housewives would be able to choose their working time and job type according to their skills and schedules. The building is a combination of an office building and a museum. Its theme is the Tujia Brocade, which is a cultural heritage in China and is going to extinct soon.This building is used for the production and exhibition of the brocade. All the relevant jobs would be done by housewives. In the design, I adopt a special form of building In the design, I adopt a special form of building includes some indoor space for housewives to care for their children and some gardens for children to play. Moreover, there are also some space for housewives to get their children be taken care of by teachers. In this way, women are able to make new friends, build self identity and increase their income. Another benefit is that the non-material cultural heritage would be protected, which would be a win-win strategy.

Concept Generation

Background Housewives Challenges for them to work

Life condition

Their schedules are not flexible due to all kinds of chores

Have a small social circle

They need to take care of their families.

No success satisfaction

They have different skills

Have no income

Ignored by their families

Providing jobs for housewives

Protecting the Tujia brocade

May lead to depression

May lead to poverty

Housewives' schedules are not flexible

Housewives have to take care of their kids

The Tujia Brocade

Housewives have different skills

Have no skill


Hold exhibitions

Have skills already

Tujia brocade is a kind of non-material cultural heritage in China. But now, a decreasing number of people knows how to produce it. Some experts even allege that this brocade would disappear in a short time. In the past time, brocades are produced by housewives, they used to work while looking after their children and then they would sell the brocades to make money. Brocades are easy and safe to make. So, it is a good way to active the housewives' life by traditional handicraft.

Provide an online system on which can assign work time

Design a special building in which children can be taken care of

Job opportunities are created

Provide training courses for them

Internet Mnagement System

Choose studying time according to their schedules

Get relevant information

Get feedback

Check salary information

Submit their resumes

Choose specific studying time Housewives have no skill can take related courses Choose working time according to their schedules

Keep in contact with their intimate friends

Join groups that are relevant to their jobs

Housewives have relevant skills could start working directly

Choose the job they want to take Choose specific working time

Site Selection

Urban village

Mid-class residential district

Working class residential district

Upper class residential district

Tourist attraction:The Kaifu Temple

Tourist attraction:The Xinghe Street

The site is located in a complex context, apart from some popular tourist attractions that will bring sufficient tourists, there are also some urban villages, and residential districts of upper class, midclass and working class, which makes it possible for women from different classes to meet and become friends.

Tourist attraction:The Xiang River

Form Gneration

STEP1: Divide the plan with oblique lines to get standard modules

STEP2:Divide all the modules with some lateral lines to form indoor spaces and outdoor spaces

STEP3:Form basic volumes. The working space is on the first floor and the museum is on the second floor.

STEP4:Increase and cut some space to form terraces for visitors to enjoy the beauty of nature and watch children playing

STEP5:Create a traditional style rooftop.

Space Pattern Wall


Indoor Space

Gray Space

In order to get enough natural light and make it possible for housewives to look after their kids while working. The whole design includes many courtyards which are surrounded by walls, buildings, corridors and gray spcae. In this way, housewives working indoor would be able to keep an eye on their children

Physical Model

Programs and Space

Circulation Analysis

The 2nd Floor Exhibition Hall

Exhibition Hall

Toilet Rest Room

Exhibition Hall Experience Area Toilet


Reception Room

Foyer for Visitors

Training Shopping n





ive sew Hou



Exhibition Hall

The 1st Floor



Office Warehouse

Foyer for housewives Canteen Brocade Production Room




Meeting Room Toilet


Administrating Office

Roof Detail

Roof Tiles

1.5mm Polyurethane Coating Waterproof Layer

3mm APP Waterproof Roll 30mm C15 Fine Aggregate Concrete

35mm Corrugated Steel 140mm Channel Steel Purlin with 60mm Extruded Board Insulation

White Paint Finish

Wet Combining Stone Aluminous Gusset Plate

Restroom for Children

Courtyard Children Playing Space



Brocade Production Room

Classroom for Children


Wooden Grille




Exhibition Hall


Exhibition Hall

Exhibition Hall








Scenarios 1



The Terrace btween Exhibition Halls

The Sceneray near the Exit





Brocade Production Room







Rest Space in Office Area

The Main Entrance for Visitors

The Terrace btween Exhibition Halls




The Entrance for Housewives

The Courtyard between Office Rooms

04 Theater Design Public Space

A Variation

Group Work Team Member:Guo Jingwen,Liu Junrui Tutor: Wang Yu, Shi Lei GFA: 25231 ㎥ Location: Changsha, Hunan, China

Site is located in the Central South University campus. It is adjacent to residential area and student gym. It is also located between the dormitory area and classroom buildings, which are far away from each other. There is not enough public space around for people hanging out and there are not facilities for different programs. Based on the site analysis, this design aims at keeping the variety of activities on site and creating more public space for residents and students. The climax of the building is the central open space, which introduces the water surface and also connects with the entrance hall. And the glass façade around the open space would also active the indoor space. Simultaneously, people can also walk directly onto the roof and get into the central open space. By connecting outside to inside, the design extend the theater indoor program to the outdoor space. At the same time, there will be a variety of students activities introduced to inner space. It becomes a complex building for study, school club and social activities.

Site Analysis

Concept Generation Maintain the activities on the site

Provide activity space for students to make their life more convenient

Take advantage of the waterscape on the site

Provide sufficient outdoor space

Provide new programs

Build relationship with waterscape

Introduce the water into the site will extend the context of the surrounding environment.

Provide public space and a variety of programs for the residents.

Active the roofscape as new public space

Add the open space into the building

Provide natural environment into the building

Form Generation Link classroom buildings, gym and dormitory area by adding more programs related to different functions.

Propose program based on the existing site activities.

Place two theaters

Form basic volumes

Move the volumes according to crossroads

Connect the roof to the ground

Round the volumes

Form semi-outdoor space

Form entrances and the main courtyard

Adjust space separation

Physical Model


Before entering the foyer visitors can see the waterscape under the theatre already

When just entering the foyer visitors can see a glass volume through which they will see a lager pool

Glass facade surrounding the waiting lobby provides the visual interaction

A few glass volumes with different sizes change the spatial experience when visitors are walking in the theater. For example, the height of the space, the width of the space and etc.. Furthemore, the scenaries and light that can be obtain through the volumes make the space more lively and interesting. At the same time, there will be full of twists and turns in visitors' circulation. So, the feeling of walking in it will just like listening to a variation.

The Ground Floor Plan

Scenarios 2


3 1 The Square on the Roof

2 The Rest Area on the Roof

3 The Outdoor Theater

4 The Rest Area and Lecture Room

5 The Rest Area and Communication Area

6 The Exhibition Area

7 The Small Pool

8 The Tearoom

9 The Exhibition Area for the Public

10 Spare Space Used as Club Activity Area

Entrance of stuff

Meeting Rooms & Rehearse Rooms Entrance of disabled people

Entrance of disabled people

Entrance of citizens

Management Rooms & Logistics Rooms

Entrance of students

Stage Management Rooms



Exhibition Area

Discharging Warehouse Restaurant


Entrance of eaters

Entrance of stuff



Large Theater

Small Theater


During performances

At ordinary times


Studying Discussing

Lecture Hall






Communication Area


Communication Area

Stage Management Rooms


Lecture Room







The central space of the theater could be open to students to do all kinds of activities. However, when there are performances, it will become waiting space for audience.



05 Office Building Modular Building

The Makers' Community Individual Work Tutor: Luo Ming Location: Changsha, Hunan , China Date: 2016.01---2016.03

This design is based on future technology and Internet technology. It is aimed at making the best use of the equipment in the makerspaces, being flexible for companies' scale and location, attracting more people to take part in, promoting interaction between makers' and encouraging creativity. This design has two sections. One section is the central part of the building which is used for public activities like communication, exhibiton, holding meetings and resting. The public space can maintain all kinds of work and life activities. And also the circulation in the building allows people easily get to the public space. The other section of the building is the space surrounding the central space.This part adopts a modular systemďźŒ which mainly acts as working and living space. Makers can choose some fixed modules like bedrooms and offices according to their situation. There are also some non-fixed modules like metalworking workshops, printing workshops, spining workshops, model rooms, kitchens and etc., which are all transferred by elevators. Makers can use them only when they need them, so that the facilities can be taken the best use of. Apart from that, this design include a special module----motor home. It could be used as a traffic tool as well as a working space. When makers need to go to other cities, they can drive their company to other cities directly and settle down in another makers' community.

Status Analysis

Overall Layout 2



Module Storage Space



Problem 1:The existing makerspaces are relatively closed to the public and most of them can't provide makers with sufficient privacy and the space is hard to adjust if the company starts to grow Problem 2:In most of the cases, makers can't live in the makerspaces but to commute between their homes and office space Problem 3:Most of the makers have no money to buy cars, but actually they have to use cars to get to different places to popularize their products or to have meetings with their partners and their clients in many cases Problem 4:Most of the makerspaces only have limited kinds of equipment which are always in a single place

Module Transportation Elevator

Passenger Elevator

Toilets and Washrooms Toilet



There are gates in each module so that different moduels can be connected


Every elevator could transport modules towards 3 directions


Adopt a modular system in the outer space to adapt to the change of the companies scale and location. At the same time, some equipment modules are transported by elevators to rise their utilization efficiency


Egress Stairs

...... Elevator



Design a central space to satisfy makers' all kinds of demands ranging from holding exhibitions, having meetings and attending trainings to eating, exercising. This central space will also enable makers to communicate with each other

Communication Space

Public Space

Use-pattern of Modular System

Elevators could transport modules vertically

Companies should decide where to put their companies firstly

There are two layers in every unit and makers should assign the modules for longterm use then Entrance of motor homes on the ground

At ordianary times, they should assign unfixed modules when they need

Egress stairs on the ground

The location of companies can be changed

The scale of companies can be enlarged

Section of Modules Modules for Long-term Use Office Room

Special Modules Bedroom

The office rooms can be used for some ordinary affairs

The bedrooms enable makers to live in the makers' community

Motor Home


Modules for Temporary Use Laboratory

Makers can work on the tables at usual times

Model Room

The laboratories provide makers with places and equipment to do all kinds of experiments

The model rooms would provide 3D printers and so forth for makers There is a table and a chair near the bed to expand the working space


Photocopy Room

The photocopy rooms enalble makers to print all kinds of materials

Reception Room

The tables and chairs are collapsible which can provide a wider working space

The table can be folded to expose the ladder to climb up

The kitchens make it possible for makers to eat together and have small parties

Hand-planted Room

The reception rooms provide makers with places to discuss business

There are many tools in the hand-planted rooms where makers could process some products by hand

Textile Workshop

Metalworking Workshop

The metalworking workshops enable makers to process products with machines

Textile workshops are ideal places for makers to wave or knit something

When going out to popularize their products, negotiate or go out on business,companies can bring their files and products with them or even work on the road.

Scenarios and Details


Fitness Center



Training Room

There are some tables and chairs in the public space for makers to communicate and negotiate business with their clients

The ladders are slideable which let people to get to the upper layer easily

Cafe Meeting Room

Bar Media Centre

Stairs and toilets, washrooms

The detail of the glass curtain wall





There are screens in the public space for makers to demonstrate their ideas and get some ideas from other people

The modules are fixed to the frame with sliding rails

There are some exhibition spaces for makers to follow up with the new trend

The detail of columns, glass curtain and beams

Public Processing Room

Public Office Room

Consulting Room Exhibition Hall

06 Traditional Chinese Painting


Wandering in the Paintings Academic|Group Work Tutor: Tong Shuyuan,Luo Ming Team Member: Xiao Mingxin, Sun Yan, Wang Yahan, He Lisha, Lu Wanying Location: Changsha, Hunan,China Date: 2015.06----2015.07

Traditional Chinese painting consists of three layers: close view, medium view and distant view. The first starting point of this design is to split the three layers and put them into different positions in the space. In this design, we chose to draw the paintings on some translucent material and line them up so that the visitors would be able to see one layer through another layer, and the content of the painting people see will change in different positions. At the same time, visitors themselves will become a part of the painting too. Another starting point of the design is bamboo, which always represent integrity, perseverance and pure in traditional Chinese culture. Apart from using bamboos as main building materials of the design, we also planted real bamboos and drew bamboos on the cloth, which will form delighted contrast. With the translucent paintings and all the bamboos, we designed a circulation includes some rest spaces which allow people to sit down, close their eyes and get away from the hustle and bustle of the modern life for a moment. There are aeolian bells around the rest space so that the visitors could enjoy some pleasant sound when they are inside. We didn’t use any modern technology or new material in the design, bamboos and hemp cords are the only materials we used and all the bamboos are combined together with hemp cords.


Bamboos, Pantings and People

'Wandering in paintings' is a famous sentence in a poem from Wei Wang, a great poet in Tang Dynasty. Traditional Chinese painting incudes three layers: close view, medium view and distant view. This design is aimed at creating the experience in the poem. To achieve this goal, we chose to separate the 3 layers and make it possible for people to step in paintings.


Split Taditional Chinese Painting's close view, medium view and distant view

Building Process

Build the interactive relationship between visitors and paintings with translucent material

Build the interactive relationship between bamboos and paintings with translucent material

Planting Spaces

Walking Spaces

Rest Spaces

Tie Method Two Bamboos

Parallel Bamboos

Three Bamboos

Pen Drawing | 2014.07.06

Pen Drawing | 2014.07.08

Pen Drawing | 2015.06.12

Other Works Watercolor | 2014.07.10

Gouache | 2016.08.08

Watercolor | 2014.05.25

Gouache | 2015.11.03

Gouache | 2014.03.09

Watercolor | 2015.1.23

Gouache | 2011.09.10

Oil Painting | 2009.12.13

Portfolio of Liu Junrui  

This is my portfolio for the application of MSD, TUD, RMIT and U of T

Portfolio of Liu Junrui  

This is my portfolio for the application of MSD, TUD, RMIT and U of T