Studio Air Qian Chen 387183
Context Part A: Case For Innovation Architecture
Discourse: Eiffel Tower
Discourse: Airspace Tokyo
Architecture: Gughenheim Museum
Architecture: Munich Olympic Stadium
Parametric Modelling: Morphogenetic Lattice Parametric Modelling: Digital Origami Part A Conclusion
Context Part B: Cut Case Study Case Study 1.0 Kinetic &Responsive Area
Case Study 2.0 Part B Conclusion
Part A: Case For Innovation
Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel “As it become clear, architecturc is as much a philosophical, social or professional realm as it is a material one, and it is through the consideration of architecture as discourse that one can engage with it as visual culture. I suggest how by exemplifying three related, but distinct, approaches to architecture: architecture as a form of art; architecturc as a symbolic realm; and architecture as spatial experience.” --Richard Williams, ‘Architecture and Visual Culture’
Architecture is always considered a visual art as its scale, cost and requirement of public patronage. According to William, architecture embraces both aesthic appreciation and functionality, and influenced by social and cultural movement, it is not only a form of art but a symbolic realm and spatial experience. Eiffel Tower is an good example, it is the result of the new technology and modern movement in 1890s. The tower is a giant steel structure, located on the city of paris, and creates huge contrast between it and surroundings. When the Eiffel Tower was first been built, it receives huge attentions, and brings longstanding debate about relationships between architecture and engineering. Now this cold, solid, giant piece of steel became the symbol of Paris, as well as the representation of romantic. The gateway project need to be an identification and a symbol of Wyndham. It is also important to encourage a sense of pride within the local community. By using the new technology and grand scale, we can achieve the similar effect.
Airspace Tokyo Thom Faulders+Studio M
Architecture, because of its unique position in the public realm, is a uniquely compromised art. -Richard Williams Architecture and visual culture
Architecture as public art, it provides not only the visual effect, but also the connection between nature and people. Airspace has a complex skin, the skin makes it as a zone where the artificial blends with nature, the sunlight is refracted along its metallic surfaces; the rainwater is channeled away from exterior walkways via capillary action. With the skin, it creates privacy for users, as well as the interesting view from both inside and outside. In the context of Wyndham coucil`s Gateway Project, we can create another unique public art by using the complex skin, as well as providing some functionality.
Gughenheim Museum Frank Gehry
The use of digital media by avant-grade parctices is profoundly challenging the traditional processes of design and construction, but for many architects, trained in the certainties of the Euclidean geometry, the emergence of curvilinear forms poses considerable diffculties. -Yehuda E. Kalay, Architectureâ€™s New Media : Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided Design
Digital techonologies are changing the architecture design in many ways. Compare to the traditional architecture design techniques (hand drawing, physical model making, etc), computer aided design allows more possibilities and plays a significant role. Computer aided design rise the new possibilities as the design process is digitally driven, characterized by dynamic, open edned and experinment unperdictable three-dimension structures. It have impacts on not only building design but also construction practices, and open up new opportunities by allowing more complex forms. The use of computer aided design is simultaneous ubiquitous. Especially the construction is increasingly relying on digital techniques. Frank Gehryâ€™s Gughenheim Museum is one of the best known examples that use computer aided design techniques to design and contruct buildings. The shiny surface of the building is bended in three-dimensions. To find a suitable material for the surface becomes a big challenge. The architects use computer aided design techniques to experinment various of different materials and come up with a solution of half-millimeter thick titanium. Computer aided design helps us to achieve a more complex, smooth, dynamic forms easily. It opens up the possibilities of interesting building form for the Wyndham Gateway Project.
Optimisation Munich Olympic Stadium Frei Otto & Gunther Behnisch Optimisation can also be discribed as performative, performancebased or optimally directed. This could refer to varies of different thing such as searching a better structure or building form to minimize the construction material or design a good size and oreintation to save the cost on lighting. Optimisation can be presented in many aspects but the idea behind them is to design something more efficient.
Through parametric modelling and scripting, optimisation could be easily achieved compare to the traditional design solutions. This is again the possibility that given by digital technologies. But as optimisation is affected by so many aspects, fully optimisation can hardly achieve. On the other hand, the aesthetic appeal and cultural relevance sometimes may lose in translation as they pay all attention on the result of optimisation.
Howeve Stadium using co achieve often de lightwei construc structur create t surfaces panels e its conte that it e
er, the Munich Olympic m is a good example of omputational techniques to optimisation. this project is escribed as a pioneer in ight tensile and membrance ction. The minimal ral components work to the dynamic sweeping s and the acrylic glass establish a relationship to ext and the light exposure experiences.
Morphogenetic Lattice Supermanoeuvre + Kokkugia
As mentioned last week, computer aided design rise new possibilities in both building form and design process. However, it still has limititations as we may experience difficulities when we making changes to the model. Like most of the computation programs, parametric modelling approaches aim at representing change. In parametric modelling, the designer establishes and modefies the relationships between different parts by observing the outcome rather than creating the design solution directly.
Parametric modelling is normally based on a set of math equations and the has unbeatable advantages. First of all, it allows a greater potential outcome for same investment time and lower production costs; secondly, it frees designers from software and they are able to creat their own design tools; thirdly, it makes the modelling process much more efficient with digital modelling and fabrication technologies.
However, there are still shortcomings. The outcome is depending on defining relationships and abilities of the designer. And it requires the designer to focus on the logic but also bind design together. This could be the reason why it’s still hard to transfer parametric modelling into building industry. According to Burry, the current use of parametric is still superficial and skin-deep, due to lacking of large framework of referents, narratives, history and forces.
The Morphogenetic Lattice is an experinment in the effects created by morphogenetic algorithms. It uses algorithms to generate ornamental distortions within geometry through the internal logic of cellular automata. It is interesting how they achieve the outcome by using a set of self-similar elements in space and continually change their state in a feedback loop. I think it could be a good example of using parametric or scripting techniques.
“Parametric design is such that it is the parameters of a design that are declared, not the shape... Equations are used to represent the relationships between objects. The ability to define, determine and reconfigure geometrical relationships is of particular value.” --Mark Burry, ‘Paramorph’, 1999
Digital Origami UTS master class + Chris Bosse After the ”first wave” of digital architecture broke in the mid nineties, architecture was split between the digital visionarise and the ’real’ architects who build. In the ”second wave”, digital enables designers to conceptualize and build in an different way. In this project, the aim of Digital Origami is to research current trends in parametric modelling, digital fabrication and materials and apply it to a space-filling installation. “Ecosystems such as
reefs act as a metaphor for an architecture where the individual components interact in symbiosis to create an environment.“
In the term of architecture design, every individual elements multiply into a bigger organizational system. In the Gateway project, we can apply the similar techniques, by using the huge amount of small individual geometry, and form together as a whole.
Conclusion: Architecture architecture as discourse have broad meanings and different aspects can engage with it as visual culture. We should not only consider it as a form of visual art but also need to understand the social, philosophy and culture realm behind it. Architecture should not only meets the aethestic requirnments but also need to have some symbolic meanings and create some spatial experience. Computer aided design is an new technique which allows more accurate designs. Parametric modelling opens up more possibilities for us to create more complex and efficient forms and sometimes we can receive some unexpected results. The Wyndham city councilâ€™s Gateway Project provides us a good opportunity to challenge and engage with innovative architectural design, as well as the powerful scripting parametric design. With parametric design we can break the traditional design restrictions, in both design and construction aspects. And we can come up with something creative, eye-catching but also logical and adaptable. http://parasite.usc.edu/?p=443
Relevent resource: - Richard Williams, ‘Architecture and Visual Culture’, in Exploring Visual Culture : Definitions, Concepts, Contexts, ed. by Matthew Rampley (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005), pp. 102 - 16. - Patrik Schumacher, ‘Introduction : Architecture as Autopoietic System’, in The Autopoiesis of Architecture (Chichester: J. Wiley, 2011), pp. 1 - 28. - Yehuda E. Kalay, Architecture’s New Media : Principles, Theories, and Methods of ComputerAided Design (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 5 - 25. - Kolarevic, Branko, Architecture in the Digital Age: Design and Manufacturing (New York; London: Spon Press, 2003), pp. 3 - 62. - Mark Burry, ‘Scripting Cultures’, in Scripting Cultures : Architectural Design and Programming (J. Wiley, 2011), pp. 8 - 71. http://www.vacationhomes.net/blog/2012/06/13/top-10-most-popular-buildings-of-the-world/ http://www.core.form-ula.com/2007/11/16/voronoi-goodness/ http://www.city-data.com/forum/city-vs-city/598729-walt-disney-concert-hall-vs-guggenheim. html#b http://www.archdaily.com/109136/ad-classics-munich-olympic-stadium-frei-otto-guntherbehnisch/olympic-munich_7/ http://supermanoeuvre.com/morphogenetic-lattice/ http://www.l-a-v-a.net/page-15/digital-origami-masterclass-zh-yue/
Part B: Cut Case Study Group: Kinetic Group Member: Chelci, Tik, Tisara
In part B cut case study, as a group of three we will focus on three main aspects: Kinetic, Prosity and Doppler Effect. And find out more posibilities for the Wyndham Gateway Project. As part of the EOI, this section will explore a few key Grasshopper components and definitions, documenting a process of learning grasshopper as a parametric design tool.
OMA Case Study After study parametric modelling for a few weeks, I start to understand the benefits of parametric modelling and I think it is an powerful technology. I found grasshopper can provide some amazing and unexpeted outcome. But on the other hand, I think grasshopper is sometimes limited due to the materials and assembly methods of the physical model. Sometimes a digital model could look different to the 3D model made by grasshopper. In this case study 1.0, we are focused on the patterns created by different inputs. I first created some 2D patterns with different inputs. And then I create a plane and by rotate them into different angles, I got and 3D pattern with a sense of lightness.
Case Study 1.0
Troika Cloud Troika The “Cloud” is a kinetic sculpture is installed at British Airways in Heathrow’s Terminal 5. It is an signature piece at the entrance of the new British Airways luxury lounges. And it attracting pedestrains’ attenions by using a audibly flipping surface to perform different patterns. The surface of this “Cloud” is covered with 4638 black and silver flip-dots. Those flip dots can be individually adressed by a computer to animate.
By audibly flipping between black and silver, the flip-dots create mesmerizing waves as they chase across the surface of ‘Cloud’ transforming the mechanical mass is into an organic form that appears to come alive.
This “Cloud” is a successful example of achive eye catching using sound to contrast with surrounding and creating a movement on the skin.
Those flip dots can be individually adressed by a computer to animate.
Kinetic & Responsive
Porosity is a measure of the void (i.e., "empty") spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume. We choose porosity as our area of interest because porosity has some connections to the kinetic. The change of density can perform a dramatic effect as the drivers experience change of views when the drive through the sculpture. We believe this will be a good area of interest and could contrubite to the innovative design.
Doppler Effect is the change in frequency of a wave (or other periodic event) for an observer moving relative to its source. It is commonly heard when a vehicle sounding a siren or horn approaches, passes, and recedes from an observer. We think doppler effect will become an exciting idea because it has connections to the highway. When the driver is driving on the highway, and another car is overtake him, he will experience this effect and we believe this will make the project more exciting.
Articulated Cloud Ned Kahn In the case study 2.0, we focus on Ned Khanâ€™s Articulated Cloud and try to rebuilt this definition of the facade in grasshopper. The Articulated cloud is an facade covering for the Pittsburg Childrenâ€™s Museum. It makes us think the question what should go outside the building structure. As more and more buildings have the similar steel structure and curtain wall facade, articulated cloud becomes an eye-catching kinetic wall on the skyline. This is a really good example for our gateway project. The Articulate Cloud is a successful project of using kinetic architecture to create visual and spatial experience to the broad audience. And make people think the meaning behind it.
Case Study 2.0
Revers Engineered Articulated Cloud
The t using as pa sever So th and r attrac a sen
In this exercise, we are trying to rewrite the defenition for the articulated cloud in grasshopper. By using different associations of attractor point and image sampler, output performs quite different. The first one on the top is using image sampler and the patterns looks quite messy. It doesnâ€™t give out any specific patterns, this could because the scale of the input surface is too small.
The second pattern is produced by attractor point. This pattern looks like waver wave formed by the rain drop and the circular pattern all response to the centre of attractor point.
third pattern is also g the same association attern 2 but it has ral attractor points. he patterns flip around response to those ctor points and create nse of lightness.
Case Study 2.0
change input an
These patterns are focused on the result of change in scales. Each column of pattern are using the same definition but the scale of input, association and the panel is changed from top to bottom. Different patterns can be created by keep the same size of input and association, but change the size of base panel. This also have a sense of change in density.
Case Study 2.0
change in distance
This page is focus on the idea of porosity. As porosity is the void space in a material, it can be presented by using the input of overlapping.
As we zoomin these overlapped patterns, we find the space between two circles increases as they overlap and rotate on each other. The effect of increase in density is achieved and this creates a sense of change in porosity.
Case Study 2.0
Concept Diagram Gateway Project Concept Model
City, Coast, Country
For the gateway project, we would like to produce something innovative and eye-catching. The concept model is a kinetic scuptural which is a combination of porosity and doppler effect and will be present the ideal of city, coast and country.
Case Study 2.0
Physical Model Gateway Project Concept Model
The physical model was laser cuted and assembe manually. We first set up th frame of the panel and the straws was cuted in to different length and assem by fish line. It tooks us the whole afternoon to construct this physical model I think the physical model doesnâ€™t look as good as we expect. This could due to the model making techniques we use and also could become a limitation o parametric modelling.
he mbe and e of
Case Study 2.0
Conclusion: The concept of doppler effect and porosity is good but didnâ€™t have stronge connection with the gateway project. We need develop a stronger connection and translate them into our design during the rest of the semester. And we also need to find an approporiate location to install our final design and the direction of prevailing wind. So the final design will probably facing the southwest which is the direction of prevailing wind. Our design doesnâ€™t effectively use grasshopper and during the NTW, we need spend more time on grasshopper and develop a better project for the final presentation. The other thing is the presentation, we didnâ€™t have enough time to prepare for the presentation and our presentation skills are poor. We need improve our presentation skills and manage our time for the final presentation. The quality of our photo is not good and we need have a good background for the next time. Through the first half of the semester, I have gain a little experience with parametric modelling. There are advantages such as more accurate 3D model and more possibilities in differfent areas. And disadvantage could be the danger of lose social or culture transation and also sometimes find a right installation method could be difficult in real life.
Relevent Resource: http://www.doobybrain.com/2008/01/24/cloud-digitalsculpture-for-british-airways-terminal/ http://yazdanistudioresearch.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/ adaptive-frit1.jpg http://people.finearts.uvic.ca/~aschloss/course_mat/MU207/ wolfenden_article.html http://nedkahn.com/art/portfolio/wind/x-large/articulated_lrg. jpg Case Study Conclusion
site A has the prime location in between the two main freeways, maximising its exposure.
Client: Wyndham City Concuil Brief: -exciting & eye catching -primarily be viewed by motorists travelling at high speed -the installation should provide an entry statement and arrival experience -become a new identifier for the municipality -the installation should create a focal point of iconic scale -presence and encourage a sense of pride within the local community. -propose new, inspiring and brave ideas, to generate a new discourse.
Audience: Public Motorists Considerations & Issues: -Prominent location of the site at the entry to metropolitan Melbourne -Back dropped by a large scale service centre -Consideration of how the installation integrates with and/or sits in the immediate and surrounding landscape -Iconic feature -Appropriately scaled -Dialogue between sculpture and landscape to compose the Gateway -Original and engaging in form -Object centred individual sculpture or a more experiential approach -Literal or abstract -Adherence to the regulations imposed by VicRoads in relation to siting, view lines, setbacks, materials, colours etc; -Daytime and night time viewing -Safety, ease of maintenance, materials and longevity