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Peru State College Library Handbook Ask us if you have any questions. We are here to help you! 402-872-2311 Email: Website: 600 Hoyt Street Peru, Nebraska 68421

Updated: June 15, 2017


PSC Library Handbook

Table of Contents Contact the Library ...................................................3 Request Items (Interlibrary Loan) .............................3 Library Website ..........................................................5 Off-Campus Login ......................................................7 Narrowing a Topic .....................................................8

Broadening a Topic ....................................................9 Basic Searching ..........................................................10 Searching the Web ......................................................14 Journal vs. Magazine .................................................15 Primary Source vs. Secondary Source ......................16 Library Catalog ...........................................................17 Library Databases: Academic Search Complete .......20 Full-Text Finder .........................................................23 eBooks: ProQuest eBook Central ...............................24 eBooks: EBSCO Academic eBook Collection .............28 EBSCO Account .........................................................30 Evaluating Information .............................................31 Avoiding Plagiarism ...................................................32 Writing Citations: MLA & APA .................................33 Icon Attributions ........................................................35

PSC Library Handbook

Welcome to the Peru State College Library! The Library is here to help you with your research. You may contact the Library either by phone, email, chat, or in-person. Phone: 402-872-2311 Email:

Library Staff We try to respond to all messages in 1 business day. If you haven’t heard back from us after 2 business days, please use the above general contact information or contact another member of the Library. We aren’t ignoring your message; we just may be out of the office. Veronica Meier, Library Director, Chat: Available from the library’s homepage, If Veronica isn’t on chat or away from her computer, you may leave your name and email address. She will reply back as soon as possible. Susan Abrahams, Library Technician, Susan manages the requests for interlibrary loans. Laura Mather, Library Technician, Laura catalogs new items to the library collection.

Interlibrary Loan Requesting items or interlibrary loan is the borrowing of items (e.g. articles, books) the Library doesn’t own from a library that does. This service is free for Peru State students, faculty and employees. The Library pays for the processing and shipping of materials. Patrons who aren’t a member of the Peru State community will be charged $6 per item to cover processing and mailing fees. To submit a request for an item, you may use the “request item” link found in any of the Library’s databases. See page 20 for screenshots showing the link. The request will be sent to the Library where we will process it. Before requesting an item through interlibrary loan, ask yourself the following questions to ensure that the information will assist your research. 

Does the Library own the item?

A database is a collection of data or information organized so that it can be searched. For example, Google organizes websites that you can search.

See page 16 for how to search for books and page 25 for how to search Full-Text Find-



PSC Library Handbook

er for articles. 

Is the information relevant to your topic? Read the abstract or summary. Look at the subjects or descriptors for the item. You don’t want to wait for an item that isn’t useful when you obtain it.

What type of material is it? 

A new item that was published/released less than 18 months ago - You may request new items but be aware that it may be too new for a library to lend. For example, some libraries won’t lend their new books and/or DVDs for 6-12 months so their patrons may have first use. Also many libraries rely on electronic access to journals, which may have an embargo set by An embargo is a the publisher. time period that a Textbooks - Few libraries loan textbooks espepublisher sets to recially if they are required for the courses at strict the access to full text their institution. Once again, we can try but be articles. Most common is 12 aware that it may not be filled. months; however, some may be shorter or longer dependDissertation or Thesis - The library of the instiing on the publication. tution that awards the doctorate or masters usually only has 1 copy; thus, it may be reluctant to lend.

Book review - Unless your research deals with reading book reviews, you will want to use the book rather than the review.

Rare or archival materials - You may contact the library to see about using the materials in their building; however, a library won’t lend these materials.

Will the item arrive in time for you to use it? Items take time to be processed and to be shipped to the PSC Library. For physical items, 7-14 days depending on the location of the lending library and the speed of the USPS. For articles, it may be 2-3 business days. The time may be shorter (or longer in a few rare situations) but budget your time accordingly with your research so you receive the item in time for you to use it.

If you are a distance student and need to request items, you may use interlibrary loan through the Library. However, you may want to use this service provided by your local library, which will save you money and time since you won’t need to pay for shipping the items back to the PSC Library and won’t need to wait for the item to arrive in Peru, NE, and then be shipped to you. Distance students may also request physical items that the PSC Library owns. Again you will be responsible for paying to mail the items back to the library. However, you can use the interlibrary loan service at your local library to avoid paying this shipping cost.

PSC Library Handbook

Library Website -

1. Search boxes 

Everything - Search for articles, books, eBooks, DVDs, etc. in all databases except those provided by LexisNexis and ProQuest.

Articles - Search for only articles in Library databases.

Books & eBooks - Search for only books and eBooks.

EBSCO - Search all of the databases provided by EBSCO for articles in journals, magazines, and newspapers.

Research Guides - Use a guide associated with the subject of your topic for databases and other resources to find information. Use the General Topics guide for any topic.

Textbooks - Link to bookstore.

2. Hours, Calendar, News and Events 

View today’s hours for the library, and click the calendar to see future hours as well as events and room reservations.

3. Navigation Bar 

See the next page for specific details about the navigation options.



PSC Library Handbook

Library Website - 1. Find/Search 

Articles (Databases) - List of databases for articles by vendor and subject. If the topic for your subject isn’t listed, use databases listed under General.

Library Catalog - Search the library’s holdings for physical items and eBooks. Includes items at Chadron State College and Wayne State College.

Books - Search WorldCat or find recommendations for books to read.

eBooks - Search the databases only for eBooks. Great resource if you can’t easily access the library’s physical books.

Journals, Magazines, Newspapers - Search the library’s databases for full-text journals, magazines, and newspapers. Search by the title of the source. Don’t use to find articles but to find the publication of articles.

Encyclopedias & Biographies- Search reference sources.

2. PrepStep - Tutorials to enhance math, science, English, computer, and college skills. Practice tests and eBooks for occupational exams (e.g. Praxis) and grad school entrance exams (e.g. GRE, MCAT). 3. Off-Campus Login - Don’t need to use to login. Rather enter a search in a search box or click on a database link. You will be prompted to enter your MyPSC login or Blackboard login information to log in before accessing password-protected sources. 4. Archives and Yearbooks - Digitalized archival materials and yearbooks that may be viewed and read online 5. Services 

Request items (Interlibrary Loan) - Information about this service

New User - Information for a new library user

Faculty - Information for faculty

6. Help 

Research - Help with searching, choosing a topic, selecting types of sources, evaluating information, and more

Empower (Tutorial) - A tutorial about finding, evaluating, and using information

Library Handbook - This handbook

Writing and Citing - Help with writing papers and citations. Provide citations to avoid plagiarism.

Copyright and Fair Use - Information about copyright and fair use

Q&A - Answers to common technical questions

7. About - Contact information for library

PSC Library Handbook

Off-campus Login

Your login for the Library’s resources or databases is the same as your MyPSC login or Blackboard login information. If you have issues with your MyPSC login information, please contact Computer Services at 402-872-2270 or at Include your NUID in your email to Computer Services. You will be prompted to login when you attempt to access a password protected database. This may be by using the any of the search boxes, by clicking the hyperlink for a database on any of the library’s webpages, or by using the “Off-campus Login” on the library’s website. You will remain signed in until you close your browser (e.g. Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer).



PSC Library Handbook

PSC Library Handbook



PSC Library Handbook

Basic Searching Research can be overwhelming. And that’s okay. Even trained librarians can be overwhelmed at times with all the research options and searching features. But as you do more and more research, it does get easier.

To help with this, ask yourself the following questions before you start: 

What is it exactly that I am looking for?

What information do I need?

Where am I likely to find this information?

What words are likely to appear in the article, text, or page?

Now that you understand what you need, make it easier by: 1. Selecting the right database to search, 2. Using the right search fields to search, and 3. Entering the right words for your topic.

A database is a collection of data or information organized so that it can be searched. For example, Google organizes websites that you can search.

1. What to Search? - Selecting the right database to search. When trying to decide what database to use, consider what type of information you want and what is the subject of your topic.

Type of Information After an event occurs, information is created in different formats as time progresses. Which format is best for your research depends on how current you want the information. For some topics you may want only current information, others only historical, and then some a combination. Creation of Information Time since event occurred:

Information found:

Minutes and Hours

Web, Television, and Radio








Books and eBooks

PSC Library Handbook


For books, eBooks, DVDs, and other physical items, use the: 

Library Catalog,

eBook collections such as ProQuest eBook Central and EBSCO Academic eBook Collection, - a library catalog for national and international libraries.

For articles in magazines, journals, and newspapers, use: 

Academic Search Complete - a general database for various topics,

Google Scholar - Searches the scholarly part of the Web but be careful and make sure the article comes from a legitimate publisher. There are predatory journals that appear reliable but their articles aren’t reviewed and may contain inaccurate and/or bias information. See page 33 on ways to evaluate information.

For information on the Web, try: 

Your favorite search engines (e.g. Google, Bing, Dogpile). See page 14 for information about searching the Web.

Subject of Topic

If you don’t know what database to start with, use Academic Search Complete or another general database since they cover all topics.

Some of the library’s databases are subject specific. Using one specific to your topic helps focus your searching to that subject. For example, a business database would be more useful for a topic on the global economy than a science one.

2. How to Search the Database? - Use the right search fields. Search fields indicate what part of a database you are searching. Unlike search engines that have only one field (keyword), the Library’s databases have multiple. The four most common are: 

Keyword - use any words in the search field but not all your results will be relevant (usually the default choice),

Subject - all results are relevant but must use exact words that the database uses,

Author - searches only for works by the author (enter last name first followed by first name),

Title - searches only the title field.

Start with a keyword search. Then, look at a few results that seem relevant to your topic. Look at the subjects listed and add those to your search to focus your results to even more relevant results.


PSC Library Handbook

3. What to Search for in the Database? - Enter the right words for your topic.

Brainstorm or mind map words that are relevant to the information you need. Are there any synonyms, slang, or regional words? Remember to use Boolean Operators to link words together. 

AND - narrows search results; it is the default between words. (e.g. global warming AND air pollution) AND - Searching for Global Warming AND Air Pollution will retrieve only records with all four words: global, warming, air, pollution

OR - broadens search results; use with synonyms, slang, related words, and different spellings (e.g. global warming OR air pollution) OR - Searching for Global Warming OR Air Pollution will retrieve records with any or all of those words.

NOT - limits search results; use the minus sign (-) in search engines to remove words from results (e.g. global warming NOT air pollution) NOT - Searching for Global Warming NOT Air Pollution will retrieve records only with global warming and none with the words air pollution.

Also consider some of the below search strategies: 

Phrase Search - place a phrase between quote marks (“”) (e.g. “global warming”)

Truncation - use an asterisk (*) after the root of a word to find all variations of the word; (e.g. educat* will search for educate, educator, educators, education, …)

Wildcard - use a question mark (?) to replace one letter in a word; (e.g. wom?n will search for woman and women)

PSC Library Handbook


More Search Tips

The library’s databases also provide you with ways to limit your results. The common ones are: 

Full Text - Check mark this to retrieve only full text articles. Upside is you only retrieve results with the full text article attached. Downside you may miss out on a great article because it doesn’t have the full text but you could request it through interlibrary loan.

Scholarly Journals - Check the limit results box for “Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals”, “Peer reviewed”, or “Scholarly journals”; each database may use a different name. Only results from scholarly journals will be retrieved; no magazines or newspapers. See page 15 to learn the difference between a journal and a magazine.

Empirical Articles - Limit results to scholarly journals and add the term “Study” and/or “Studies” to your search to retrieve empirical articles.

Date - Enter a date range to focus your results by their publication date.

Scholarly journals go through a peer reviewed process before being published. Empirical articles are in scholarly journals that report research based on observation or experiments.

Scholarly works (journals and books) will provide a bibliography of sources used by the author(s). Scan the citations to find more sources for your research without more searching.


PSC Library Handbook

Searching the Web Before starting to search the Web, know what you want and need. Also consider using more than one search engine (e.g. Google, Bing, Dogpile, etc.). No search engine searches the entire Web, although a few try. When thinking of words for your search, ask yourself: 

What words would the author use to describe what you want?

What specialized vocabulary would be used?

What regional language or slang would be used?

What unique words would describe the information you need?

Once you have the words you want to search, consider the order you want to enter them. Word order, oddly, matters in search engines. For example, you will retrieve different results if you search for Warming Global rather than Global Warming. You can also use the following to focus your search: 

NOT - use a minus sign (-) (for Bing, use NOT) to exclude words (e.g. and will remove commercial website from your results.)

Phrase Search - most helpful when searching the Web by retrieving more relevant results; link words together in a phrase with quote marks (“”) (e.g. “global warming”)

Search Titles of Web Sites - use intitle: followed by words you want in the titles (e.g. intitle:”global warming”)

PSC Library Handbook


Journal vs. Magazine Scholarly journals or, simply, journals contain articles that have undergone a “peer review” process. Scholars and experts in the subject (the author’s peers) review the information and decide if it should be published or rejected. This process ensures the highest quality of scholarship is published. Journals are also call peer reviewed or refereed journals. To differentiate between a scholarly journal and a popular magazine, look for the below characteristics. Scholarly Journal

Popular magazines

Citations supporting the author’s No citations. research either with a bibliography, works cited, or footnotes. Author is a scholar or expert in the subject.

Author is a journalist or general writer.

Language is associated with the field.

Language used is more general so anyone may read it.

Charts and tables

Glossy and colorful pictures

Many sponsored by professional organizations or academic institutions.

Prominent advertisements

The most important feature of a journal is the citations. However, be careful for some articles may have citations but are sources for you to further read; they aren’t supporting the information in the article. Why do you need to know the difference? There are two reasons for you to know the difference. First, some of your professors will require that you use journal articles in your research. Second, the citation for an article from a journal is different than one from a magazine. See page 35 for more information about writing citations.


PSC Library Handbook

Primary Source vs. Secondary Source Primary sources are original documents or physical objects usually written, created or produced during the event or time period. It is first-hand information. To search for primary sources add one of these words to your search: Charters, case studies, correspondence, diary, documentary films, early works, interviews, letters, manuscripts, pamphlets, personal narrative, public opinion, songs and music, speeches, statistics, statues

Secondary sources interpret and analyze primary sources. It is second-hand information.


Example of Primary Source

Example of Secondary Source


Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa

Critique of Renaissance painting


NASDAQ stock quotes

Analysis of the stock

Criminal Justice

Court report

Book on criminal procedure


Speech by Secretary of Education

Education textbook


Interview with a Vietnam War veteran

eBook on the Vietnam War


The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck

Literary criticism of novel


Beethoven’s 5th Symphony

Biography on Ludwig Beethoven


Scientific results of an experiment Magazine article reporting on the experiment

PSC Library Handbook


Library Catalog The Library Catalog is the database of the Library’s physical items and eBooks. It also has the items owned by Chadron State College and Wayne State College. You may request physical items from both of those libraries. However due to contracts, you can only use the eBooks provided by the PSC Library.

1. Search Feature - “Any Field” is the default keyword search field. Use the drop down box to change the search field to title, author, or subject. Enter your words in the text box, and use the Boolean operator drop box (i.e. AND, OR, NOT) to link the words and search fields together. 2. Location - Select the college library you wish to search. Selecting “Peru State College” will ensure that you only retrieve items (e.g. eBooks) that you may access. 3. Material Type - Select the format of the item you wish to use. Most commons ones are: 

Printed Matl - print books

Video - films on DVD and VHS



PSC Library Handbook

Library Catalog - Record for Physical Item

1. Bibliographic information - The first part of the item record will give author(s), title, publisher and other descriptive information about the item.

2. Subjects are the terms assigned to the item by a librarian and/or the author. Reading the subjects give you information about the contents of the item. You can also add the subjects to your search to focus it to more relevant results. 3. Locations that start with PSC belong to the PSC Library. The call no. designates the location of the item on the shelves. Status informs you if it is available or if checked out will give the date it’s due back. 4. Request - If our copy of the item is checked out or if there’s a copy available at Chadron State College or Wayne State College, you can request a hold to be placed on it. A hold placed on a checked out PSC item will put your name on the waiting list for the next available copy. A hold on a CSC or WSC item will mean that the respective college will send the book to PSC for you to use. This may take a few days because of shipping. You will be notified when the item arrives at the PSC Library. NOTE: You will need to register your PSC ID or register for a PSC Library card before you can request items through the Library Catalog. The Library Catalog is a separate system from the Library’s other password protected databases so your MyPSC login information will not work in it.

PSC Library Handbook


Library Catalog - Record for eBook

The record for a eBook is similar to a record for a physical item. It gives bibliographic information and subjects. The difference is the link to the eBook. 1. Click on the link “Connect from Peru State College” to access the PSC copy. This will open the eBook in the database that provides it. 

The ebook will open automatically if you are on campus.

If you are off campus, you will be prompted to login with either your MyPSC login information or Blackboard login information.


PSC Library Handbook

Library Database - Academic Search Complete

1. Search Feature - Enter your words in the text boxes. You can determine what search fields you search by changing the drop down box. Use Boolean operators (i.e. AND, OR, NOT) to link your search words together. 2. Choose Databases - Above the search feature, the name of the database(s) you are searching is in green. You may select more or less databases to simultaneously search by selecting the “Choose Databases” link. 3. Limit Your Results - Here you can limit your search to only full text, scholarly journals, and/ or a specific publication date. 4. Folder - EBSCO gives you the option to create a free account with them to save your research to folders. This is helpful to organize your sources and to save them for future use. Other database providers also have a similar option in their databases. See page 32 for how to create an account with EBSCO. NOTE: Only the database provider (e.g. EBSCO, ProQuest) will know your login information for your account with them. You will need to use their login assistance links to retrieve that information. The Library won’t have access to it.

When you find a source that may be helpful to your research, either save its bibliographic information or, in the case of a webpage, save or print it. It may be difficult to remember where and how you found the source later, and it also may no longer be available, a possibility if it’s a webpage.

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Library Database - Academic Search Complete - Results Page

1. Number of results retrieved. 2. Refine Results - Suggestions to how you may focus your results. You also may add more words to your search. 3. Results will give the title as a hyperlink into the record followed by bibliographic information and subjects. Finally, it will give a link to either the full text or the request form for interlibrary loan.

A good search is one that retrieves relevant information and just the right number of results. Too many results mean the search is too broad and needs to be focused by adding more words to your search or refining the results. Too few means it may be too narrow and needs to be broadened by removing some words from your search or removing some limiters to provide more information for your research.


Full text options will be in HTML, PDF or both. HTML will load faster since it is a webpage with the text and, usually, no images. PDF may be slower to load but it is an exact scan of the article with all graphics and images.


Request this item will open the form to request the article through interlibrary loan. Before you submit the request, make sure the article and its information is relevant to your research by reading the record. See the next page for how to read a record.


PSC Library Handbook

Library Database - Academic Search Complete - Reading a Record

1. Bibliographic information such as title, author(s), source, and document type 2. Subjects terms are assigned by a librarian and/or the author(s). They indicate what the article is about. 3. Abstract is a summary of the article. 4. Author affiliations helps with evaluating the authority of the author(s). For example, if affiliated with a research organization or academic institution, it would indicate a more scholarly work. 5. Links to either the full text article or the request form for interlibrary loan. 6. Tools to help you keep track of your research.

Review the subjects in an article that’s relevant to your research and then add ones to your search to retrieve more relevant articles. Great way to focus your search to relevant information that you know is about that subject. Before you request an article, read the abstract so you know what it’s about. Also review the subjects to ensure it is relevant. Finally, look at the document type and number of pages to make sure it is what you want (Is it a book review or editorial?).

Add to folder - With your free EBSCO account, you can save articles to your folders. NOTE: Remember to sign in to your account before you start saving!

Print, e-mail, and save the article

Cite provides you with the citation for the article in various styles (e.g. APA, MLA). You then can copy and paste the citation into your bibliography. NOTE: Remember to review the citation. Formatting, punctuation, and other errors may be in the computer generated citation. Always check to make sure it is right.

Create Note allows you to write a note for the article which will be saved in your folder.

PSC Library Handbook


Full-Text Finder Full-Text Finder is the database of all the full text journals, magazines, and newspapers available through the library’s other databases and our print holdings. Its link is under Find/ Search > Journals, Magazines, Newspapers. Use it when you need to find a full text article from a citation or when you need to find an article in a specific title. 1. Enter the title of the journal, magazine, or newspaper, and search.

2. If the library has the title, it will be retrieved a list of possible publications. Find the right one in the list. When you find the right title, you may: 

Use the search box to search within the publication.

Click the blue expand button ( ) to view the list of available databases with full-text and the date ranges. Select the database that you wish to open where you can browse by issue or search within the publication.


PSC Library Handbook

eBooks - ProQuest eBook Central

ProQuest eBook Central is one of the two resources the Library has for eBooks. To find eBooks, you may either search the Library Catalog or search one of the eBook collections. ProQuest eBook Central uses single sign on, which means your login information of my MyPSC will work as your login. You don’t’ need to create a new one. You already have one!

1. Options to refine your search. 2. Title of eBook with publication information and summary.

3. Quick tools to download, reach online, read chapters, and/or add to your bookshelf. 4. Availability status.

PSC Library Handbook


eBooks - ProQuest eBook Central - Reading Online

1. Toolbar 

The first 4 buttons allow you to download the ebook or chapters, copy, and print.

Add to bookshelf saves the eBook in your account to consult later and to save highlights and notes.

Share the link will only work if you add to the front of the URL. This directs the link through the library’s password protection system to verify the reader.

Get Citation for the eBook

Add highlights, notes, and bookmarks as you read online. These will be saved to your bookshelf.

Zoom in and out to make the reading pane easier to read.

2. Reading pane 3. Search within book 4. Browse the table of contents to read only specific chapters.


PSC Library Handbook

eBooks - ProQuest eBook Central - Bookshelf

1. Create a folder to organize your eBooks. 2. List of eBooks saved to your bookshelf. If you added highlights, notes, and/or bookmarks, they will be accessible by clicking on “annotations” and then the star for annotations in the eBook.

PSC Library Handbook


eBooks - ProQuest eBook Central - Download eBook Before you download an eBook from ProQuest eBook Central, you will need to install free software to your device. For computers (i.e. PC or Mac), it is Adobe Digital Editions. For iPhones, iPads, Android phones and tablets, it is Bluefire Reader. 1. After you select the “Full Download” button, you will be prompted to select what device you are using. 2. ProQuest eBook Central will remind you of the software you need to download. If you already have the required software, click “Done with this step.” 3. Click “Download Your Book” to download the eBook to your device after selecting the download period of 1-21 days. Open the software to start reading your eBook. After your checkout period, the eBook will automatically return to the library and will no longer be accessible on your device. If you need it longer, simply download it again.

eBooks are similar to physical books in a library in regards to the number of copies available to download or checkout. If a library only has one copy of an eBook, then only one person may download it at a time. When there are no more copies available to download, you may have the option to place a hold on the eBook and be emailed when a copy is available.


PSC Library Handbook

eBooks - EBSCO Academic eBook Collection EBSCO Academic eBook Collection is the other provider the Library has for eBooks. To find eBooks, you may either search the Library Catalog or search one of the eBook collections. Since this collection is provided by EBSCO, the interface and searching is the same as Academic Search Complete. See page 19 for information on searching. The difference is accessing the eBook and downloading the eBook.

1. PDF Full Text or Download (Offline) - You may read the eBook online by using the PDF option or download the eBook to read offline. Selecting to read the PDF (online), you have the following options: 

Search within the eBook

Create notes (need to be signed into your EBSCO folder to save notes for future use)

Save or email pages

Add to folder (need to be signed into your EBSCO folder to save for future use)

Cite - create a citation (e.g. APA or MLA) to copy into your bibliography or work cited

To download, you first need to create an account with EBSCO. See page 32 for how to create an account with EBSCO.

PSC Library Handbook


eBooks - EBSCO Academic eBook Collection - Download Before you download an eBook from EBSCO, you will need to install free software to your device. For computers (i.e. PC or Mac), it is Adobe Digital Editions. For Apple and Android devices, it is Bluefire Reader. For Kindle, PDFs can be created in the eBook Full Text view and transferred using Send to Kindle.

1. After you click on the “Download This eBook (Offline)” option, you will be able to decide on your length of checkout from 1 day to 7 days. 

If you aren’t signed into your EBSCO account before you click the download option, you will be reminded to sign in.

Some eBooks may give you the option to download a PDF or an EPUB. PDFs are not reflowable so their text and size cannot be adjusted on various devices. EPUBs automatically resize to fit the screen of your device and when you adjust font sizes. EBSCO recommends downloading EPUB whenever it is available.

2. Click the “Checkout & Download” button. 

In Google Chrome, you will need to double click the download when completed to move the eBook to the software on your device.

In Firefox, you will be prompted to save the eBook to the software on your device.

After the number of days you selected as your checkout period has elapsed, the eBook will automatically return to the library and be inaccessible from your device. If you need it longer, simply download it again.

eBooks are similar to physical books in a library in regards to the number of copies available to download or checkout. If a library only has one copy of an eBook, then only one person may download it at a time. When there are no more copies available to download, you may have the option to place a hold on the eBook and be emailed when a copy is available.


PSC Library Handbook

EBSCO Account

1. To create an account in EBSCO, click on the option to “Sign In” in the top menu bar.

2. Click the “Create a new Account” link. 3. Enter your information and save your account. If you forget your user name and/or password, you will need to use the assistance options available through EBSCO. Your account is maintained by EBSCO; thus, the Library is unable to access that information for you.

PSC Library Handbook



PSC Library Handbook

Avoiding Plagiarism Plagiarism is an act of fraud, the unauthorized taking of someone's work and lying about it. It is claiming someone's work as your own, using someone's work without giving credit, and presenting ideas as original when derived from existing information. Intellectual property or creations of the mind are protected by U.S. copyright laws. Forms of plagiarism include but not limited to the following: 

using someone else's work as your own (e.g. buying a paper online)

copying text from a source without giving credit

failing to cite direct quotes or borrowed language

not enclosing "borrowed language" in quotation marks

not using your own words to summarize or paraphrase

using so many quotes and ideas from a source that it is the majority of your work regardless if you give credit or not

To keep from plagiarizing, cite your sources! Providing citations tell readers and professors where the information came from and gives credit to the individuals whose ideas, thoughts, experiences, and words appear in your work.

Provide a citation when you: 

use a direct quote from a source

summarize or paraphrase a source

use facts and ideas that are not common knowledge. Common knowledge is information that is stated in many different sources or is so well-known that it doesn't need to be cited (e.g. water is comprised of 2 hydrogen and 1 oxygen).

When summarizing or paraphrasing, read the text and then without looking at it write what you just read in your own words.

Questions? If you have any questions, you can: 

contact the Library,

contact the Center for Achievement and Transition Services (CATS) at 402-872-2425, or

ask your professor.

PSC Library Handbook


Writing Citations This is a guide for writing MLA (8th edition) and APA (6th edition) citations. For specific questions, ask a librarian or your professor or consult the appropriate handbook. MLA Style (8th edition) General Format - Use applicable elements and appropriate quotes and italics that are not shown below Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Other Contributors (editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pages, URL, or DOI). Title of Container 2, Other Contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication Date, Location. Accessed Date. One Author Author. Title of Source. Publisher, Publication Date. Drezner, Daniel W. Theories of International Politics and Zombies. Princeton UP, 2011. Two Authors Author. Title of Source. Publisher, Publication Date. Preiss, Byron, and John Betancourt. The Ultimate Zombie. Dell Publishing, 1993. Three or More Authors Author. Title of Source. Version, Publisher, Publication Date. Reece, Jane B., et al. Campbell Biology. 9th ed., Benjamin Cummings, 2011. Edited Work Author/Editor. Title of Source. Publisher, Publication Date.

APA Style (6th edition) Basic Format for Books Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of book (edition if applicable). City of Publication, State or Country: Publisher. One Author Drezner, D. W. (2011). Theories of international politics and zombies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Two to Seven Authors Preiss, B., & Betancourt, J. (1993). The ultimate zombie. New York, NY: Dell Publishing. Eight or More Authors List first six authors followed by an ellipses [. . .] and then the last author’s name. No more than seven names. Lansdale, J. R., Niles, S., Krizan, K., Boylan, C., Kesel, K., Messner-Loebs, W., . . . Steinbach, H. (2009). Zombie tales. Los Angeles, CA: Boom! Studios. Edited Work Boyle, K., & Mrozowski, D. (Eds.). (2013). The great recession in fiction, film and television: Twenty-first-century bust culture. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Boyle, Kirk, and Daniel Mrozowski, editors. The Great Recession in Fiction, Film and Television: Twenty-first-century Bust Culture. Lexington Books, 2013.

Chapter or Work in a Book Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xx-xx). City of Publication, State or Country: Publisher.

Chapter or Work in a Book Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Other Contributors, Publisher, Publication Date, Location.

Fernandes, C. (2011). Two tales of Timor. In C. Stocking (Ed.), Zombie myths of Australian military history: The 10 myths that will not die (pp. 213-233). Sydney, Australia: UNSW Press.

Fernandes, Clinton. “Two Tales of Timor.” Zombie Myths of Australian Military History: The 10 Myths That Will Not Die, edited by Craig Stockings, UNSW P, 2011, pp. 213-33.

eBook with an URL Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of ebook. Retrieved from URL

eBook from a Library Database or a Website Author. Title of Source. Publisher, Publication Date. Title of Container 2, Location.

Austin, J. (2010). So now you’re a zombie: A handbook for the newly undead. Retrieved from

Austin, John. So Now You’re a Zombie: A Handbook for the Newly Undead. Chicago Review P, 2010. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost), direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=342210&site=eds-live&scope=site. eBooks on an e-reader such as Kindle or Nook Author. Title of Source. Version, Publisher, Publication Date. Walker, Ruth, et al. Zombies in the Academy. Kindle ed., Intellect, 2013.

eBook on a Kindle, Nook, iPad, etc. Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of ebook [e-book version]. Retrieved from Place Downloaded Walker, R., Whelan, A., & Moore, C. (2013). Zombies in the academy [Kindle version]. Retrieved from


PSC Library Handbook

MLA Style (8th edition) Journal Article Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Number, Publication Date, Location.

APA Style (6th edition) Journal Article Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages.

Robert, Kirk. “The Inconceivability of Zombies.” Philosophical Studies, vol. 139, no.1, May 2008, pp. 73-89.

Robert, K. (2008). The inconceivability of zombies. Philosophical Studies, 139(1), 73-89.

Journal Article from a Library Database with DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Number, Publication Date, Location. Title of Container 2, Location.

Journal Article from a Library Database with DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages. doi:DOI

Nasiruddin, M., et al. “Zombies: A Pop Culture Resource for Public Health Awareness.” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 19, no. 5, May 2013, pp. 809-13. MEDLINE, doi:10.3201/ eid1905.AD1905.

Nasiruddin, M., Halabi, M., Dao, A., Chen, K., & Brown, B. (2013). Zombies: A pop culture resource for public health awareness. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 19(5), 809-813. doi:10.3201/eid1905.AD1905

Journal Article from a Library Database with no DOI Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Number, Publication Date, Location. Title of Container 2, Location.

Journal Article from a Library Database with no DOI Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages. Retrieved from URL

Chodorow, Adam. “Death and Taxes and Zombies.” Iowa Law Review, vol. 98, no. 3, Mar. 2013, pp. 1207-31. Business Insights: Essentials, edsgcl.322329701&site=eds-live&scope=site.

Chodorow, A. (2013). Death and taxes and zombies. Iowa Law Review, 98(3), 1207-1231. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost. com

Magazine Article Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Number, Publication Date, Location. Horan, Daniel P. “Faith, Hope and Zombies.” America, vol. 209, no. 4, 12 Aug. 2013, p. 31. Magazine Article from a Library Database Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Number, Publication Date, Location. Title of Container 2, Location. Grossman, Lev. “Zombies Are the New Vampires.” Time, vol. 173, no. 15, 20 Apr. 2009, p. 61. Academic Search Complete, login.aspx?direct=true&db=ulh&AN=37567875&site=edslive&scope=site. Website Author. Title of Source. Publisher, Location. Accessed Date.

Magazine Article Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume(Issue), pages. Horan, D. P. (2013, August 12). Faith, hope and zombies. America, 209(4), 31. Magazine Article from a Library Database Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume(Issue), pages. Retrieved from URL Grossman, L. (2009, April 20). Zombies are the new vampires. Time, 173(15), 61. Retrieved from Website Author’s Last Name, A. A. (Year, Month Day Published). Website title. Retrieved Access Date, from URL Borgerding, J. (n.d.). Zombie survival guide. Retrieved September 9, 2013, from Use n.d. if no publication date is provided.

Borgerding, Jodie. Zombie Survival Guide. Webster U, Accessed 9 Sept. 2013. If no publication date is given, simply omit it. Provide accessed date when no publication date is given and when you need to indicate which version you used.

For more information about citations and in-text citations:

PSC Library Handbook


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