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CLEVELAND'S FALL ANNOUNCEMENT ••• .... ••••••. •••••••• .... •••

••••" Our Ready-to-W"ear Department is showing more new and beautiful styles this fall than ever before. It will be a pleasure to show you the new things we have to o:ffar. Such as La Vogue Coats and Suits in any wanted style and fabric or Cohn Baer Berman Suits and Coats of Plush Velvet Caraeul, plain or ft:l-ncy tweeds made up in the absolute correct styles that are. sure to command your approval you will find that our showin of ""W"'omen's Apparel" by far the most complete in Nebraska Cit'5r. Prices are Reasonable

Students bring me your work I'll do it right.

S -u i t ·a t o r i ·U m . s.

Second House North of Christian Church

C. Ramsey


Ladies' Work a Specialty


normal it¢ VOLUME VI.





by Class of 1911

The accompanyi ng cut illustra tes t he fine new drinking f ountia in left as a me morial by the class of 1911. The founta in was securd at a cost of approxi mately $ 100, out of funds accm_:rmlated by the class in excess of its needed expenditures. Friends of t he class and of the school will be pleasd to know that a ll accounts with the class of 1911 have been closd, a ll mone tary obligations met, and there is still a small s um to be di sposd of by the class at its luncheon to be held at the Omaha meeting of the State Teachers' association in November. The State Board of Ed :.1cation made a formal acceptance of t~e Fountain in a g racious letter to the class, and have met a ll expenses incident to the proper setting up of the f oun tain and connecting it with the water system. If the members of the class of 1911 could only see the bubbling wa ter as it issues from. the fountai n, and the irresistable attraction it affords t o the many passers by who ind ulge, they would be ab unda n t ly paid for any sacri :lce in leaving thi s monument t o the school.






Stat e S Jperintenden t J . W. Crabtr ee, who will leave Nebraska in November , t'l become head of a Wiscom in State Normal School, is t o be the guest of honor at a· recep t ion and dinner t o be given for him Novembe~· 8, a t O:naha , by the Peru Alumni Association. T he event will be held d uring the meeti ng of the Stat e Teachers ' Association a nd 'it is expected that the a t tendance of Peru grad:1ates will be large. The program and toasts will be prepared wit h a view to pay ing honor to Mr . Crabtree. On the list of speaker s already pre pared are Governor Aldr ich, President Hayes of the State Normal, and assistant State Superintendent Delzell who will become the head of the ed •J cational depar t men t when S•1per intendent Crabtree leaves. AItho Mr. Crabtree will be gr eatly missed in Nebraska, his many f r iends wish hi m all success in Wisconsin. A gr eat many Peru Alumni are among those making campaigns f or coun ty super intendencies t his fall. In a later issue we can announce the outcome of t he contests of " Our Scholars in P oliti cs." I ist inter est ing to not e t hat the faculty of the Wayne Nor mal includes t wo of Peru Alumni . Miss Sara J ewell , '02, is in t he depar tment of Geography, and Prof . E. E. Lackey ' 04, has charge of the wor k in agriculture. Louise M. Mears, '95 has recent ly pablished a little book "The Hi lls of Peru" . It pictures the scenes t hat every person in Per u has known and lovd, and makes a beautiful souvenir of school days spent at the Normal. . It is an accurate, histor ical accoun t of the pioneer period a nd steam boat days. Miss Mears has ki ndly dedicat ed " T he Hills of Peru" to her own class. Miss Mears has been granted a leave

of absence th is semeste r and is no w in L inco ln at the Uni ver s ity. A. J . Wi ckland, ' 0'?, who has been a Ltending the S tate U ni ve r isty at Li ncol n, is now wor king f or h is Mas ters d~grce . Miss Edna Barne-, ' 10 , won a beautiful gold medal a t t he d ecla:-natory contest a t Auburn Chata ·J qua. M iss Barn e · was g rad ua t ed f r om both t he De pa r tmen t of Express ion and the K inde r~a r­ ten course wh il e in P eru. Miss Eliza beth Malla li eu ' 05 has g ive n up tea~hing f or li t~rary w :>rk, and has recently been elected to a d esira ble po I t ion in the S tate L ibra ry -i n Lincoln . F . D . Brooks, ' 07, who has been aL Baker U nivers ity, Baldw in, Kamas du ring the past year , g oes to the Super i ntende ncy of the Publi c Schools at G u t hr ie, at a salary of $1, 800. P rin. Charles K. Marse, '09 , of t he Athens school at Auburn, has go ne to Caldwell, Idaho as instructo r in Science and at helet ics in the H ig h School. Miss Alma A . Eastma n 09 , ha s a gr ade positi on in t he F our teenth stree t bui ldi ng in Nebraska City. Mr s. Car lyle Loyd, '06 , of N or t h P latte, N ebraska, is v isiting f r ie nds and relatives in Peru. Mrs. Carl Bickell , nee Miss li ma Ken nedy '08, who has been liv ing in western Colorado s ince her marr iage w i II soon move t o Greeley, Color ado, whe r e she and her husband have b oug ht a hom e near Color ado College in Greeley . Miss Gertrude Ely of ' 10, who successfully taug ht in Kimba ll Hig h School last · year, is teaching in Beatri ce this year. Mi ss Augusta E. Eiseman , ' 02 , has been elected t o supervise t he N ormal T rai ning depar t men t in the new $8 0,000 H igh Schoo l in Nebr aska City.


I t



Miss SLella Graham , after spending her YacaLion in Pe ru a nd vicinity, has agai n t:l~'(;n up he r wor:.. in the expres::;i ) :1 d JP:l''. 11 ~n ~ of t1 e O'dah om:l S tate Un iv.!r;:;i Ly, a t o ·, l·th->:n::t City. Mi s Lillian Bamf,)rd . '9 7, \\'ho for a n tmber of year,; bJcn a teacher in t h e D Jaf and D .tm J Jn .;ti t ·Jte in Omaha. has r e;:; i ?:n ~d ht; r po:;i t ion and acc~pted a s i;,, lar p-1si t ion in S :. LoC~ i s, l\li ssour i. M iss Nanni e Wi lk inson '02. wr ites thaL she i:-; c:nj ying her work teaching in Colorad ll Spr ings, Colorado. Ar tlnr J am es . 'O:l , w':1o is in tl1e employ o[ Lh e Armo Ltr Pac:dngC o. L os A ngeles, Calif rnia ,spent se\·eral weeks in P eru and vicinity, visiting fri ends and r elatives. · is ; ~.1ar i e a nd AC~g- 1s~a ii'r Jri c·, _, o.f t'1e c:a;:;_;w; of '97 and '05, af ~er ~ ):::nding t:1c ir vacati on a t tll'~ i r home in l~ .lo ...t rn h ~. v03 retJrn ed t o their \ \'0 rk in t't ·~ s:.:·, ):>L of S =ac tle, Wa :;hin:s~on. Al:!:red H ~;ma, '0 , of t he 'id ti!y H ig :1 S;~1 ·nl , ha:; r.:md y fo r the p .1bl ic a seri es of fifteen h istor ical ga mes, a: l on h istor ical top ic a nd p ~r i od .>. Mr. H a nna has used these c·1rd ~ w i ~h gTeat succes;;; in both school a ;-,d club w.::n·:{, a nd fe els that t hey fi ll a n ed 1cational need . ' R1th Br ownell , ' 11, is K inderga r ten t e:J.cher in t he Whi ttier S.::h:>:> l a ~ Li nco!n. Ma cld e Wat~<im ' 05, and Lena L ar imer, '09 a r e teach ing in Tacoma, Wa ~h­ ing ton. Mi ss Watkins has t he pr imary w:>rk and Miss L arimer teaches Latin and Music. On A •Jgo.~st 23, a t IVlo .md Cty, Mo. , M iss Ma ry E ll enber.{er and Mr . Wi llia m R!lSsel W~ i ~field , '10 , we~·e ma rri ed. They are now a t home in Butte , Nebraska wher e. Mr. Wh itfield is S .lpernintendent of the school.


Mr. B. R. Bedell a nd Mabel Bowen of the class of '09 were/marr ied in August at Oxdoin, Kansas. They are now at or fork where M~·- Bedell ha:; charge of the Science department in the H igh School. Mrs. Bedell is the K indergarten teacher th is year. Superintenden t Edward Win if red Marcellus, '05 of Crete, and Miss Ada Elli ott Cor b itt '05, pr inc ipal of the Crete H igh School, were ma rried Aug ust 2, at the brides home in Ainsworth. They a re a t home in Cr ete where they wi ll teach du r ing the coming year. Zeli a Cornell Micke l!, '09 a n.d Mr. Harry Roscoe Wil ey \Vere marr ied in Auburn September -L They wi ll make their futu re ho me in Pe;·u, and w ill occupy t he prett~r ho me. built by Mr. Weaverl ing. l\Ir. Wal ter L. Best , '09, was married th is summer to Miss Aimel Ross, a fo r mer student here. He is in business a t Tedda, O:dahoma, but is anxious to get back into school work.

Jewel G. Good and Ella M. Buckendorf both of t he caJss, '09, were married June 28 and are a t home at Creston Nebr aska, where Mr. Good is principal of the Hi g h School. Everet t C. Wi lson, ' 10, is at Long Pine this year exhi b iting his usual ent erprise and agg-ressivene.:;s in t he schools of that pi ct uresque p lace. Principal Clarey Neilson '09, is at Roseland , Adams Co., again t his year. He systemat ized his t ime as a student and t hi s habit has carri ed itself over his school work so that he finds the t ime t o car ry on correspondence work f or his f urther prof essiona l development. Mrs. Hope Abbott Dor land, ' 06, whose home is now at Anona, Florida, spen t the latter par t of t he summer visit ing her parents in Peru.

.THE NO t< VI \ 1.1 rE

4 s ) _ rint~nd. n t J. A.

Eastw:>:>d en tered t p-~ secon :l yEar at Diller after a : mfTler oi S.!cce~ful tute instr .lct.i >'1. H·~ is president of the J~fferson C, n ~y Teacher s' Association, and in i and o;:H::r wa]s rad!a:.t!s a wholeS) ne pnfc35i ;nal i nftuence. A:n·:m2; c:1e 'OG's new in o;; r S':ate Univ r i ~Y may be namd N.dssE!s Ethel Blake, I' m na Hawt3orne, Messrs. William Ntc' .~onnel, Guy Williams, Martin Jussel and Floyd Gail. The last two are doing grad 1ate wor:c Harry Bee~, '06, was director on the Los Ang"'les playgrounds during the pa:;tsammer. He has been in Californ ia fo r some two or three years and is highly plea5d with the west. Harriett CartH, '06, is sr::ending t he year at home in P eru Health would n0t permit her teaching this year Two of the '06's graduated from the Nebraska State University last spring; George Foster from the law course, and C!i fford Hendricks from a scientific con·se. The f ormer is now practicing law in South Dakota, and the latter r et 1rnd to his place in the department of p.1ysical science in the P eru Normal. W. T. Davis, '06, has recently been elected superintendent of the schools at :~IcCook. His many friend.> are g lad to hear of his good fortune.

Ruth S~rong '06, is te:ac'1inp; in P t'l'u pu!-lic sc:1o:>l this y.,.ar . Thi ,; i ~ H rY pleasan t for lV: i,;c; S crnng- nabt ing- hPr lo live at horr:e and wi ~:hin to~c;, of the No r mal. George Lee 'OG, is anothe r of fw alumn i who "t:1o:; it not bes: L>r rrt!n t) li ve a'one so too"< un to hi mse lf a wife.· · Mrs. Lee was f 0rmer ly I\( iss M ildred Kreglow of Arapahoe. They a r c rH•W at home at Cu l bt:.rt~on wl-:er e l\111· . L ee is Superinte ndent of schools. Ber tha v\'i lson, '06, rec~ ivd he r A . he B. degree last spr ing from Contcr . took her major in Lat in preparatory fo 1• high school work. J . F . Hendricks , '09, is e nte ri ng- upon his third year as principal of the Dawson schools. He sought to redgn aL Lhe end of last year ba t a substantia l iJ?crease in salary w it:1 a r eelection of h iS entire tea(:~ in .?," c0rps held him. J essis L. La nca!5ter, '07, is now li ving in Prospy Alberta. She writes that she enjoys the northern coun tn y, but is still loyal to her old home and surround ings in Peru. Eleanor M cCune spent a par t of the summer at Grand F orks , North Dakota with her sister Marguerite McCune Richardson. They were both members of the class of 1897.

Since the names and addr esses of t he members of the immortal class of 19 11 appeard· in the catalogue bf the n or ma l that was publisht in July, we do not reproduce the li st, as has been customary to t he most recent class in past years. Alumni not hav ing one of these catalogue shoul d send to the r egistrar and secure one . The following corrections and changes of address sh ould be Caroline Marriott, '06 spent last Sum- noted. Pap illi on mer School at Peru doing special work Cora Schwenker Albion preparatory for institute work. She is Lenni e Snethen Peru F. F . Adams t eaching again at Wakefield this year.

Charles Weigang and Bernice McHirron, both of the class of '06, wer e married at the bride's home in Pender t he ·t1irtieth day of August: Their wedding t rip included such points as Denver, Colvrado Springs, Pueblo, Salt Lake City , Leadville, Moscow, (Idaho), and Spokane, enroute to their present home at Wardner , Idaho.

THE l\01:{?\JALITE

A!ta Van tora Bell 1-..Lhcl C:1ambers Ellen Frederic!<son J 2nni e Muntz Hi Ida Parson Da le \Vhi tfie ld R"Jsse l Whitfi eld Jo:m Branigan E t:1el M. Roddy .Jacob Sc:1ott Bessie Tibbetts

Hastings Montana - 'Wakefield Cook W:1l th ill Hemingford Butte A\·oca - All iance Inland Belden

Yarrow Tyler, ' 10, hig h sc:1ool princi pal at Syrac.tse, and Misses Grace Muns:>n, '01, and Mary M1Jr.:l, '00, teac:1ers of the s~'10al a t Meeford, Ore. , were the students taking the work at the Friday Harbor, Wash., summer schoo l, 4unci~­ P I·ofessor Duncanson . Grace Berr~ '08, is attending school at Lake Forrest, Ill. S he is doing some work in the Library there, and a rrang ing her co urse w i t~ the idea of taking up Library work as a profession later on. Miss Berry was an able assistant in the Library while here at Peru. ~

G!adys Majors Gale, '07, of Beatrice, ' Cora Jack Windle, 1898, Nellie Cole Pollard, '01 , of Omaha· and Maud Rays, '05 of Omaha were vis iti ng friends and relat ives in Peru dUl"ing the summer.

,},. A Summ e~ at Friday Harbor.

H. B. Duncanson, '86. By request the author of these lines has undertaken the pleasant task of relating some vacation thots and experiences. Through an inv.itation f rom the Washington State University he spent t he .sum_mer at the Marine Biological Station at Friday Harbor. Each mem ber of the faculty deli vered three lectures per week and each student was permitted to take as a maximum six lectures per week . The equipment of the station consisted of one large building


fitted wi th laboratories and lecture rooms, a commodious dini ng hall, fifty tents, and a number of boats, barges a::d dredges. The dredgi ng outfit consisted of a seventy-five horse power steamboat carrying a steam dredge and trailing a large barge and five or six boats. Besides the boat crew from fifty to one hundred persons could be seen each morning on their way to some selected place f or dredging. The dredge consisted of a large steel frame weighing about five hundred pounds to which was fastend a large bag-like net. · This dredge was attacht to several hundred feet for steel cable and was manipulated by a steam engin . . It was shovd off from the rear end of the boat and a sufficient amount of cable was unreeld to permit it to settle to the bottom. The boat was run at slow speed until the net fild at which the dredge was lifted and placd on , the rear of the boat. The contents of the net were placd in boxes and carried to the barge where all material was carefully sorted out and exam ind. While this step was in prog1·ess, however, the dredge was again lowerd f or a second load and the process was r epeated a ll day long. Usually the boat returnd to the station for the night and all mater ials on board were disposd of redy for the pext day. At times the boat was out for three days, during which a camp was establisht on shore, where all except the boat crew ate and slept after the most primative fashion . On some of the islands where these camps were establ isht the only in habitants were Siwash Indians. One of the most p lesing experiences of the season was t he climb of Mt. Constitution, from t he summit of which could be seen the entire group of San Juan Islands, more than one hundred in number. In many~respects the Puget Sound disb;ict is without an equal in regard to its fauna and flora. Nothing short of a




summer would be sufficien t to in trod uce one to the " toilersof thesea" a nd to attempt a catalog would burden t he reader. Sea urchins, 1::-a rnacles, pectens, star fish, crabs, hydrozoa, seaweeds, kelps, ratfish, t unicates, seaanemones, d ~v i l fish, squ ids , and shr imp::; const itute onl y a beginni ng of the list. The hermit crab, wh ich emer ges from hi s home to reconnoiter hi s st range su rroundings or the devorating crab, which ornamen ts itself by pl acing upon its back a profusion of seaweeds, t unica tes and hyd rozoa, suggests that cunn ing devices do not belong to man alone nor the cli max of ornamentat ion reacht in the "merry-widow hat. '' Aside from lectures and othe r work a collection was made representing , in some measure, the fau na of Puget Sound. It is the intention · to presen t this collection to the Nor mal. .JI.

The Need of Reform of Spelling in the Public Schools. The following is a speech made , by Will iam H. Maxwell , L. L. D. , at the fifth . annual di nner ' of the si mplified spellmg board, Apri l 5, 19 1 1. Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen. By tr~ in i~g and temperment I am oppos~ d to Slmph fied spelling . For a good bi t over fifty years my eyes have become a:!cu~tomd to the ordinary forms of our Eng lish words. I d islike the new for ms I .a~om i nate thru for throug h ; and j dislike t o write t hat any one has not past an examination . Why, t hen , do I advocate the ,use of simpli fied spelling in t he schools? Because I feel cer tain · that, when generally usd, it will be found to be the cause of very g reat individ ual and social upli f t. Hav ing become convinst t hat s implified spelling is necessary for individual tmprovement and socia l progress among t he masses of people in t he

vast :1etergeneo:.ts population of our c ity, I feel i t to be a duty wh ic!1 I owe . a nd wh ich every ma n who dcs i1·cs Lhc i mp rovement of h is fe ll ow men, O\\'CS Lo socie ty, to s ink indi v idual p redjudises and to ad vocate that whi ch is for the welfa re oi a ll . My a tten t ion was first di rected to this subject by cons ideri ng the difiicu ll ies whi ch we experi ence in teac:1i np; the vast hord es of fo r ene r s who seld'e in t his city, t o r ead a nd to w1·iLe LheEng-li s:-. language. In 1900 t he Im m ig raLiun Co mmi ssion appo in ted by th e p resident of the Un i t ed S tates ma de a carefu l ana lysis of t he 2600 st~d cn ts the n in hi gh schoo ls of t his c ity. They found that .J di ffer ent races, speaking in t heir homes, f or t he most par t, di ffer e n t lang uages Ol' di ffere nt di a lects of t he Eam e lang.uage. were f ound in ou1· h ig h schoo ls . The.v Showd that the h ig h sc!1ool studen ts 45 pe r cent were Ame r ican; 2 4 pel· cen t H ebre w · 11 per ce n t German; 7 pe r cen t Ir i ~h · a nd 13 per cent othe r na t io nal t ies. A mong the . o t he r nationa l t ies are included Italian, nor t h ; Itan ian , south ; Dani sh, Fren c~ . N on .v egia n, Russian, Swed ish . Our h ig h schoo l e n rolment has encreasd from 26, 0 0 0 t o 36 0, 00 since. 1900, bu ~ I have no r eason to beli ev that the p r oporti o n of t he various races have m a t er ia lly chang d s ince t hi s census was made . It mus t be however , t hat t he hig h t:ememberd, school st ude n ts consti t ute a sm a ll • se lect g rou p- the s urvi val of t he fit, if n ot of t he fittest . To see t he fore ner i> a s t hey com e from t he steamer s , . you m us t ente r our evening schools or t he specia l classes f or teachi ng Eng lish to for e ne r s in our e lementry schoo ls . Ever y w int er we ha ve from 35,000 40, 000 adult fo r e ner s in our evening schools, w ho come for the sing le purpose of ler ni ng to sp eak, t o r ead and t o write t he Eng lish language. In one elementry day school ha ve f ound



as many as 20 diffe rent lang uages or J ialect:> spoke n by t:1c c:1i ldren. It is not too m uc:1 to sa ~: t~a t more t:1an onet:1ircl of t"1e pupil:> w:1o E: nter t he public schools of th is city w ~ m J st teac:1 E ng lish, not a the ir na t i,·a tu ng , b:1t as a for e n lang uage . In no other city e n this con tinen t, in no other city in t he world, are the p ~op l a ' s schools conf ronted w ith <;onditions w:1i ch make it so clifricu lt to do good schoo l wor!<. The most im por tant t hing t :1e American schoo l has to do fo 1· these foren children, whom we a re t rying to convert into Amer ican citizens, or eYen fo r the children of American b irt h, is to teach them to read with insight and intelli-. gence. Readi ng is t he a ll -important study for the masses, beca'..JSe th is is a If he is to land of self-government. think f or himself and to g ain infor;nation to gu ide his thoug h t, the pupil must be taught as speed ily as possible to master the pri nted page. "It is our poli cy, " sai d Dr. Harri s, our greatest educational filosofer, "rather to de velope a bili ty t l1an to g ive exhaustiv informati on. The pr in ted page is t he mighty A laddin 's lamp wh i c~ g ives to the meanest citi zen the power to lay a spell on ti me and space.'' He compare! oral instruction to the loading of an e mig rant train wi th ready-made products, and text-book education , which depends upon t he power to r ead, to the sh ipment rather , of machinery, appliances and tools by w hi ch these products may be won from the wi lderness by the piomer himself . If, then, it be g ranted, as I think it m ust be, that t he conferri ng of t he power of self-help upon il d is the greatest boon which education can confer and t hat th is boon is conferd t hru g iving him power to extract info rmation and thought f r om the printed page, it fo llows that any d evice whi ch enables us to save time in t he teaching of read ing becomes not only an ind ividual




bLtt a social and national blessi ng. I regard the difficulties of lerning our arbitrary and unscienti fie ways of spelling words as the least part of the trouble. The real di fficulty li es in lerning to read. EYer~· teacher knows wi t h what joy the child preceivs a new word wh ich he can make out fo r himself by interpre t ing it s fonetic elements, 9-nd wi t h wha t consternation he beholds a word which t hrough ·its di sregard of fonetic r ule or a nalogy, he is unable to pronou!1Ce until he is to ld. It is cla imed that fo netic spel ling Eave from one to two year s of school t ime for the average ch il d. Certai n it is that German childre n are at least two years ahed of ours in their scholastic - attainments. This is chiefly because the Ger man lang uage consists mai nly of words that are speld as t hey are sounded . I am not cer tain that the introduction of f onetic spelling would save t wo years f or our children, because there are other causes as well as arbi tr ary spelling t hat r etard the progress of American chi ldren, as compare! with German children. I am quite confident, however , that at least one year might be saved by the use of purely fon etic spelling . Let us suppose that the child has learnd to spell f onetically "puff" and "m·J ff. " He r eceivs with consternation the intelligence t hat "roug h" and "enough" are not spelld ruff and enuff, and when he learns that "dough" is not duff, but bred in the making, and that "cough" is not cuff or co, but the malady that so often affects hi s nose and throat, he naturally loses all faith in association and analogy. Our scholars have pointed out that the sound of e in let is repr esented in seven different ways : by e in let; by ea in head ; by ei in heif er; by eo in leopard ; by ay in says; by ai in said; and by a in many. And that is not a ll. Ti':e sound of long o is represented in thi r teen



different ways: So, !:oat, roe, oh, door, soul though, low, owe, yoeman, sew, hauttoy, beau. And you can find more. In all such cases, and their name is legion, all analogies fail; no r.1le is possible. The loss of t: me, bad as it is, is not the only evil which resu lts to our public schools on account of our unscient ific spelling. The me:nor iter process renderd necesary in lerning to read and to spell prodaces disbelief in r easoning as a means of lern ing and a lack of confidence in inference. The result of falling into ridiculous mistakes by depending upon reasoning or analogy in spelling, is to ma~e the chi ld timorous about reasoning in arithmetic, geographfy, history and grammar. The habit of depending upon memory exclusivly in spelling engenders tne habit of depending on memory in every other study, and so retards progress in teaching children to think for themselvs. If we had text books in which every word could be sounded as it is speld, i t is no t too much to say that every one of the 700,000 children in the public schools of this city would be enabled to advance in his studies at least two grades beyond the piont which he reaches now before he is compeld to leave school, and would have larger powers of thinking and doing for himself. He would be more val uable to himself and more valuable to the community . Not enough attention, I think, has been g iven to the means by which simplified spelling may find a place in the public schools. In an article publisht about eight years ago by Professor Brander Mathews he says that the way to get simpl ified spelling into the schoo ls is first to educate public opinion. Hi s aphosism that" with the spred of knowledge there will be a weakening of prejudis" is unquestionably true; but it is a very slow process: Possibly it is the only plan by which any reform may be

acco :r plisht in our great unh·N s itics . which are nothing if not consen·ati,· : b .A t the public schools as pire lo lead rather than to follow public opiniun. In a persusaiv" Letter to Teacher · · r e cently publisht as a c ircular of Simplified Spelling Board , Professo r ah·in Thomas has shown how teacher s may heg in to lead public opinion, by teaching and practising now what they w ill uclupl some day. When a reform has bee n introducetl in the public schoo ls, if it is· t r ue reiom1, no matter how much opposition may be encountered at t he start, pub li c opinion invariably cornes to its suppo:·t in the end. Such has been the hi story of eve1·y great r eform establis h t in the public sc:1oo ls during the pa3t half centu ry . · When Horace Mann advocated the abo! ition of corporal puni shment in Mm:sachusetts, he was denounsL as a he1·et ic and senti men tal ist. Yet f'<>r year s corporal punishmen t has b een un law£...11 in our city schoo ls and every attempt to r estore i t has been d efeated thru the inOuence of public op inion . I can, myse lf, recall that when we first establ ish t, thirty years ago, hi g h schoo l in Brooklyn, we did not dare t o give it the nam e of high school because of the almost universal opposition . of the tax-paye r s to being taxt for what they cald hi gher ed ucation. No~ any po liti cal party that attempted to abolish the hi gh schoo_ls wou ld be swept out of power at the next election by an indignant publi c opin ion. Precisely is the history of the kindergarten movement ; the .rnove ment to safegard the helth of school chi ldren by the use of p lay, physical train ing , athletics, and medical exami nation; tl:'.e movement to e levate the teaching profession by requiring professional training, a nd by appointing and promoting teachers on merit; t he movement to teach li terature in e lementry schools whi ch has resulted in the establishm en t in the New York



pub li c schools of the largest circulating library in the world - nearly 7. 000 .000 volumes a ye:1r: the mo,·ement to p'.It the \\'ll'>le ch ild to school by t eaching drawing and man u1l tra ining; the mo,·emen t Lo estabEsh trade or ind..1strial ed .1catio n ; a nd last of o:.~r g reat pub!ic sc~oo l ~·~fo rms, t :> care f or c:1i ldren who a r c def ec itv mentally or physica lly, as t'1 2 s emi-i m!Jec ile . the def , the d J m , tt1e blind, a nd the cri ppled . All these movemen ts have ha:l t:he same h istory. Some ref01·mer commenst the work. It proved its worth by actual trial. It began with opp:>s i t ion of the pu 1Jl ic. It has proceeded w ith constan tly incr easing efficie n.::y and has bee n accorded cons tantly increasing support. S J it w ill be wi t'1 s im:Jli fie::l spell ing. T ,1 e fi r5t t'1i ng to do is to secure premiss ion from the Board of Education to teach it in our schoo ls. The re, if it wi ll really ac.::omplis:1 w:1at we b2li ev it wi ll accomplish- if it wil l save a year's time and labor in leming to r ead a nd wri te, if it wil l turn out our ch ildren be tter equipt with that power of reasonin?; un cl er5 tandinz whic:1 is n ecessary to every c it izen in a land of self -government, if it will assist our childr en in lerning to th ink and so to be self-re liant, if it will make each c!1ild a more efficie nt human bei ng - for that is the ultimate test to wh ich every school ref orm must be bro~1ght- then the work in the schools w ill educate public op in ion , it wi ll r ece iv the enthusiastic support of c iti zens of ever y class and k ind . Simplified spell ing wil l repeat t he h istory of the kin dergar te n and t he hi O'h school of manual train ing a nd physical train~ ing . RULES


The following are the rules under which the simplifications containd in the I ist are groupt. They a re condenst from the circulars men t iond, and are ar-


rangd in the alfabetic order of the lett er or letters. or the s1.1.ffix , affected . ·Rule ' here me::n > s imply a recomm, !•dation that applies t o a number of words hav ing the same irregularity of spelling. To facilitate acceptance it was deemd expedi ent in some cases to restrict the rule to a limited n .1mber of the words in the cla:;s. Any one wi1o chooses to ext end t:1e r u le at once to al l the words of a g iven c l a~s is of cou :-se f ree to do so. After ench rule is g iven a list, ei t her of a ll the words a ffect ed (if they are not many), or of a ll the words mentioned in the ori g inal rule, or of a f ew examples of the large number coverd by the rule. I n the lat ter case "Ex." ('Examples') is prefixt. and "etc." is added. If t he officia l recommendation applies t o all w .:> rcls containing the letter, sequence of letters, or suffix, affected , in the pronunction indi cated , t he word RULE is printed in capitals. For some smal l classes and f or isolated amendments no rule is he re g iven. 1. a e, or e not. fina l. R ULE: Choose e. Ex. : Anesthetic, chimera, era, esthetic, either, medieval, paleontology, etc. 2. -bt, with b s ilent. RULE : Omit b. Det, dettor, clout, indetted, r edouted, redoutable. 3. ea pronounced as sbort e. RUL E: Drop a. E x . : H eel, spred, tred, thret, welth, dre mt, ment, pl esant, etc. 4. ea prounoun.ed as a, before r. RULE: Drop e. Harken, hart, harth . 5. -eel or ' d pronou nced -d. RUL E : U se simple d in a ll cases (reducing a double consonant) . Ex.: A imd, armd, burnd, cleemd, dimd, feld, fild, hangd, raind, stird, vei ld, ·e tc, 6. -ed or -t, t he preceding si ngle consona nt being- doub ld before -ed (-pped , -ssed) and left s ingle before -t (-pt, -st.) RULE: Choose -t in all cases. Ex.: · Dript, dipt, dropt, stept, stopt, blest, prest, m ist, blusht, washt, wisht~ lockd, packd etc.



19. -11- or -1- (-i ll - O J' -il-, -ull - or or -ense (Latin -en sa). -ul-) before -ful or -ne ss. RULE: 'RULE: Choose !ense. Defense, offense, Choose -1. skilfu l, wi lf ul, du lness, fulp retense. Also I icense (Latin -ent ia). 8. -ette or- et. RULF: Choose -et. ness. 20 . -mb with b s il e n t. Om il b . Ex.: Coq uet, epaulet, etiquec, omelet, Crum, dum, lam, lim num, thum. quartet, quintet, septet, sextet, etc. 21. -mn w i th n s il en ~·. RULE . . 9 gh or f. RULE: Choose f. Draft Omit n . Autum, co lum, solem. not draught. 1 22. oe, or e, not f inal. R J LE: 10: -gh silent : (1) -oug h or -ow (pro nounced au). RULE: Choose -ow Choose e . Ex.: Ecumen ical, csopJ-.agus, phenix, subpena, etc. ; like economy, (pronounced a u). RULE: Choo:;e -ow. Plow. (2) -ough or -o (pronounced o) . solecism, etc. 23. -our or -or . RULE: Ch oose -or. RULE; Choose -o. Altho tho thoro boro Ex.: Ardor, candor , clamor , co lo r, fav -boro (in place names) furlo . (3) -ough or, flavor, honor, humor , labor, ru mo J·, or -o (pronounced u): Through thro' tumor valor vigor etc.·, a lso, a r bor, thro. RULE: Choose thro, but advance ' ' it now to thru. harbor, ne ig hbor. e tc. 24. ph or f. RULE: Choose f. Fanunstrest, pronuonced - is 11. -ce RULE: Spell -is. Ex.: Artifis, coppis, tasm fantasy fantom ·sulfate, sulful· ; cornis, crevis, edifis, justis, notis, servis like fancy, fr;ntic, fre~zy, coffer, coffin, etc. etc., which orig inally had ph. 25. ph pronounced f . RULE: Use f. 12. -ile unstrest, prounounced -i s. Camfor, c ifer; alfabet, diafram, pam- RULE: Omite. Ex. : Agil, futil, ser-vil, fl et; a utograf, b ibliografy, b iograf v, etc. Retain ile when the i is not pronounced short. f onografy, fotografy, paragraf, telegraf, 13. -ine unrstest, prounouncd in. RULE: telefone. 26. -rr or -r. RULE: Ch oose 1'· Omi t e. Ex.: Determin, engin, doctrio, examin, genuin, imagin, pristin, Bur, pur, like c •.1r, fur, blur, s lur, spur, etc. Retain -ine when the i is not pro- car , far , fir, stir, ec. nounced short. 27. -re or er. R U L B : Ch oose -er. Ex.: Accouter, cen ter, fi'Jer, mit.e r, 14. -ise unstrest, ronou~ed -is. niter, saltpeter, scepter, sepulcher, somRULE: Omit e. Anise, mor tis, practis, promis, treatis. be r, specter, th eater , etc.; li ke diame15. -ise or -ize (from Greek), s uffix of t er, number, etc. 28. s or z (in the root ). RULE: verbs. RULE: Choose -ize. Ex.: Civilize, criticize, exorci ze, legalize, organ- Choose z. Apprize, assi~e, com pr i'l.e, ize, etc. enterpri ze, raze, surpr ize, teaze l. (See 16. -ite uns~rest, pronounced -i t . also rulei 5). 29. s medial , s ilen t . R ULE: Drops. RULE. Omit e. Ex.: App0sit, defin it, infinit, opposit, preterit, etc. Retain Ai le, ile , ilet, iland. 30. -'.le silent, after -g. RULE-. : -ite when the i is not pronounced short. 17. -ive unstrest, pronounced -1v. Omit -ue . Catalog, d ecalog, demagog, pedagog, prolog, leag, harrang, t .m g. RULE: Omite. Ex.: activ, adjectiv, 31. -ve after I or r. RUL E: Omit detectiv, moC: v, naciv, progressiv, etc. 18. -II or-1 (- i ll or -il ) . RULE -e. D e lv, s he lv, twelv , selvs, car v, Choose -1. Distil, f ulfil, instil; li ke un;- c .:rv, nerv, serv, d eserv, reserv, starv , ti l, compel, i mpel, etc. etc.

7. -ence





-------~~-----'THE NORMA LITE


A Word to A ll.

We sometimes need to be protected from ourselves especially when we have Peru N e braska become so versatil that t here are so --'Vt>-------~1"'many inter ests cla mori ng for our time A Monthly Magazine Published in the Interest and a t tent ion. This is especially true of the capable student who is always of Education in demand as an organizer and adminisP u blished by the State Normal School tl·at or in a ll societies and clubs to which he chooses to a lly himself. H aving t hese facts in mind President Subscription 75 cents per year. Sing le copy JO cents Hayes thot wise to appo int what has Adverthing rates furnished on application been de3ignated t he "Committee on Entertainments." Ent er ed aL t he l'ostofTkc at Pe ru. :'\ebraska. a s It is not t he purpose of this commitsec•on<l c; lass matter tee to resort to prohibitory measures if it can be avo ided, but rather to act in a cooperative way toward a reasonable adEDITORIAL STAFF j ustment of the social and other events G. S Hanse n ' 12 ............ .. .... . .... Editor in -chief of the school that n·ot onJy justis may be Charlotte Cooley '1 2 ...... .. ..... A;o5'ociate Ed itor secured for a ll but protection as well. J. W. Wc.a r j r. ' J..J.., ............... Hu,;inc~!' :\ la nager


DEPARTMENT EDITORS :\•l a r y 8 T 1· no n '98 , ...... .. ......... ............. Aiu m ni :\llerle Swan '12, ..................................... C lass Kathet inc Green lee ' 12 .... .. .. .................. Society C ha rle> Li V • ly '1 3 ...................................... Club Mabel Swanson ' 12 .. .................. ....... Religious Grace Ticch ' I ii .'....................................... :\1 us ic E . C. Bcck'l2 ...... ........ ......... ............ Athle tic



F . :\11 . Greg/! ........................ ............ ...... F aculty ..... .. .. ...................... ...... Grad uates Ray Lnndy '1 2 ............................... ...... . Sen io r Frank E II.:n her,eer '1 3 .. .... ........................ Junior Bessie Arm s~ro r.g ........ .. ................... ...... Tra in er Cassi us Kennedy ' 14-............ ............ S()J.!ho more Vern C ha tc:lain .15 ...... ...................... Fr,·shm a n H . D. :\•l an io ...... ..................... ...... Preparatory Cathe rin e G reenl ee ' 12 .......................... Everett E . C. Beck ' l :L .............: .............. Philomathea n Wm . f{odtge r ' 13 .......... .. ...... .. ....... Y. M. C. A . ...... ..... ............. Y. W . C . A. Ge rtrude Sughrue '1 3 .................. ..... N C. C. A, S us.' M. Smith .......... .. ... ........... Dra m a tic Club ' H azel T aylor ' 13 ...... ...... ...... ............ La tin Club Ebba Wa hl,;t rom ' l 2 ............... ..... Germ an Club E. C. Beck 'l2 ..... ............... Athletic Association

With th is issue-of the Normalite t her e comes into t he editorial office a new board of managers. It would be folly to declare at this time what we w ill achieve ; but there are certain principles by which we hope to be governd. In t he first place we realize that this is a periodi cal by a ll the students, for a ll the students, and we count it part of our duty to keep i ts news colums divided proportionately among the various organizations. We hope a lso to avoid making this j ournal the organ of a ny particular ind ividual or goup of indi viduals, and above a ll things· to prevent t he paper from becoming a medi un for "getting even " w ith any oppressors, real or imagined. Nor is t he paper to voice the wi ll of t he opprest; we hope rather to hearld songs of hope, visions of g reater thnigs to be, a nd mesages of constructive progress. Wi th these ideal we enter upon our duti es in r esponse to the will of our constituents.




One of t':le most co:nmendable en t erprises under taken by the Alumni Association, is its contemplated action in con necti on wi t h the publication of Dr. J. M. Me Kenzie ' s Hist or y of P e ru. F or many years the alumni and fri e nds of old Peru, have felt the desirabil ity of having written and authe ntic history. No one is better qual ifid to wr ite s uch a hi story, than Dr. McKenzie, who was the first president of t he school. The spirit of true loyalty and harty coope rat ion that has ever characterizd the action of the Alumni Associat ion, can fi nd no more worthy means of expressing itself than in assuming the financial r esponsibility connected with the publicati on and distributi on of t he history. It is to be hopt that no alumnus, or former student, will fail to avail himself of t he privilege to boost f or the Histo ry of Peru. The benefit accruing t o Dr. Mckenzi e and the Association wi ll be mutual. ,;1.

The teacher should f orm an integral part of t he communit y in whi ch he li ves, taking an acti v interest in a ll that pertains to the welfare of society. H is par t icular , function is the educat ion of the young; unless he breathes t he bre th into his school, he will fall fa r short of his mission. In order t o become imbued wi th the proper s pirit, he must come in contact with his fellow ci t izens, meeting them in their every day affairs, and shoulder ing his share of the responsibili t ies that devolve upon all. The ci t izen owes much to socitey. It is not that he share in the payment of taxes for the support of government; he should meet every oblig ation bP. it pol it ical, mora l or financial, and the teacher by reason of his being a t eacher is not exe mpt from the ordina ry duti es devolving upon any othe r ci t izen. Can t he farmer say, " because I feed

t i;e world, I a m to l:e excuscl f rom al l c1v1c duti es"? Because Lhe lawyc1· g ives full va lue f or t!'le wa::>;e l·cccivcl is he re least f r om his obli g1.t io n:; Lo Lhc community? The mini ste1·s of Lhc ( :os pel look fa it hf ully af te r the s pi 1· i Lual we lfare of t he ir nocks , bu t who w i II sa~· . they ha ve d one a ll t hat is 1·cq u i r,l o f th em by s ciety ? And s:> wiLh m<! n in a ll professions a nd occupa t ion:>; ea ch in addi t ion t o hi s s peci a l mi ss io n. must sha re in t he common affairs of all , if he would be ca ld a true ci t izen. .JI.

The Lect ure Course thi s yea r w i 11 be a n un usally s t rong one. Fi ve splen cl i d num bers have been secm·d, rep rcscn Li ng the best talen t of t~d ay on t h e Am e1· ican platfo rm. N one of us can affo1·d Lo mi ss thi s rare treat. We owe it t o ou rse lves, we owe it t o our own self i m!wvvem e n t to take ad va n tage· of th is m ag ni fice n t opportun ity. It. is seldom indeed tha L o ne can hear s uch an array of fin e tal<.:n t o utside of a large cit y , and w he n one d ocs, it cost s ful iy as mt:ch as the whole Icc t ure cou rse at P eru. We h a ve a n e xa mple of thi s in the LeBrun Oper a Co mpa ny which appears in Lincol n thi s yea r , the ge ne ra l admission b .:! ing e xa ctl y as much as one t icket t o our e ntire course. Ther e is absolutely nothi ng in o u1· school life t hat wi ll g ive t he same m eas ure of upli ft and inspiration for an equa l e xpenditure of t ime . But the L ecture Course is designed to do m or e , and wi II do more, t han amuse and e n t e rta in . Above r-.11 else ther e will be some th ing t o take away, some thing t ha t wil l b e of las t ing bentfit, something that wi ll g i ve cultural r efine me n t to the m ind a nd hart. It is t o be hopt tha t eve ry s tude n t in school wi ll plan to a t te nd these lectures. It will be time we ll s pe nL, money well invested a~d the investme nt will y ield a larger r eturn than any sLocks or bonds you may ever o wn.




One of the str ongest forces in keepinJ t.he evJr in ::rea:>ing stream of students c:>mi n?," Per clWJrd is the feeling that the pr .:!.;lig t'1e sc:l)Oi has will bz a m:1terial ad,·dnt·lg-.! tv t:1e m. One often hear.; the r emark, " [ want Per.1 bac~< of me. W .! are pr Ltd of b i 3. and w ~ want P t:r J wri ~~en large in Nebraska's educat i.mal h ist1r y. But w:u1t has g iven Peru her fair name ? Is i t not her a! :1m;1i? £ ,·ery sJc::e:;s that cJmes to a Peruv ian adds to her hm!!. WheneYcr cJll ege or uniYer s i sy fin I; o J r stJ d ~nts cJnti .uing t l1eir edJ::a~i Jn an I nn'<inr r. sJperiJr r ecJrd, the cunv~n~i mal prcj Jd i.; aga i n~t normal sc:1 Jol.s is wea:<eni nJ. \VI1enever an aiJmnJ · wJr:<;; Oclt a hard pr Jblem, or ac1teve:; suc::e3s in any fi eld , he fl ashes "Peru" upon lhe clouds. It :.5 fortunate that most of our alum ni r eal i ~e thi 3 recip rocal relat ion,hip. May it spread until every alL~ mn :.ts will have con stantly in m ind hi s responsibi lit y to hi :; A lma Mater, and by every pr ofess ional movement keep a Peruvi a n bea con li ;J":1 t burn i ng on every hill top in Nebraska. "Wor!< out some truth of nature each yea r if you would li ve a life of g reatest ser vi:>", is a thot g i ven us by t he noted, E ng li .sh Statesman, Gladstone. Is not Per Ll an id ea l place, and . thi s a good year to fo llow thi s suggestion added to ones g r zater usefulness f or next year? The:;e beatiful aatum days and go rgeous woods invi te one to wa lks, where m ay be fou nd w ild fl ower s, nu ts and leaves un known t o other sect ions of Nebr aska. A ha nd flower press carri ed on one's ratn hie t hr u the woods, is very Iitt le tr oub le, and preservs fl owers and ler,ves perfectly fo r fu ture use. A pape r hornets nest secur ed thr u ones own effor t ; a k i t of clay f or clay worl< from the red clay l.:ank near by; a col lection of dfferen t woods, will make some school in western Nebraska the happy possessor

of valua ble mat:!rial for st'.ldy, next O:!tober. Each person dreams of the t ime w:1en beauties and wonders of the world will re,·eal themselves to hi m, thra t r avel. It is t r ue, freque ntly t he most i nteres ~­ ing- siJhts are very cJmm:>n t~in 5->, the associated hi ;;tory is the g reatest c:1 arm. T he most ancient rui ns offer ra rest oppor t unity fo r thot and imagination. u..r,

To know south eastern Nebraska t horoly is very valuable information to a t eacher in the State. No more interesting place can be v is ited than tl1e neighboring vi llage of Br.)wn:;ville. T here may be seen the evidence of great a mbi t ions of t~e settlers. A few of the found ers of the vi llage live there and gladly recount to in terested visitors, incidents r elating to t he lives of the noted cili zens of the St.ate who were former residents, also t hose event s t ha t made t he ear ly history of Nebraska, in t he t ime of t he underg round r a ilroad . A day spent in Nebraska Cit y the home of J . Sterling Morton, and a visit to the State Blind instituti on are wor thy motives for a visit. The location of the first coal mine and t he surrounding bluffs, together with the Missouri ri ver are a ll worthy of a students study and invest!gation. Th ose former studen ts who have past from her e in to educati onal acti vit ies r eturn at ti mes, and a lways refer to the lasting impressions made upon them by these common t hings about us. In proportion as he explord, knew and li ved in his s urroundings, not s imply staid prepari ng f or life, he now inspires the lives of other s. Jane Addams states, " It is easy to become a dupe of deferd purpose believing t hat one is preparing for some grea~ th ings to come. Let us th is year gai n power in Ji vi ng woich will insure the realization of a succesful future, full of happy memor ies, in earnest sear ch for



knowledge afforded us by "God's Out of doors.''

and therefore proposes path of reason.


t o f o llow t he


Readers of this paper have observed that the spelling herein employed is the variety known as "simplified spelling." This advance has been enterd upon after d ·~e deliberation, and has been made possible by the courticies extended by the Simplified Spelling Board. Readers who care to know more about this whole movement, or who wish a copy of the list of 1100 word> now included in the latest rec:>mmendations, can be accommodated by writing to the Simplified Spelling Board, 1 Madison Avenue, New Yrok City. Persons in Peru who may wish a copy of this circular may secure the same by calling at tl-te registrar's office. Any one who is interested in constructive English should send for a copy of Calvin Thomas' ''Letter to Teachers,'' one of the most masterful pieces of argument to be found any where. It is said that over in f orested Africa the natives' paths from place to place are unreasonably crooked. This is explaind by the fact that when a tree falls across a path the natives go around the tree and continue in the paths thus made long after the tree itself has decayed and ceased to be an obstruction. It is enough for the native to know that the fathers trod that way. Not very different is it in the matter of our English spelling. We have all been Africans more or less in our orthografy. When a straig htening of the or thografic paths is proposd a popular appeal is always made to prejudis. Reason is all absolutely on the side of the proposd reform. If only enuf of us cut across, we can soon make a path such as ot hers will be wi lling to follow. Shall we be led by prejudis or by r eason? The Normali t e has faith in the rule of intelligence among the teachers of Nebraska,

Faculty Committee upon Ente r l.:'l. inments submitted the fo ll owing reco mmendations t o the F acu lty at its cald meeting September 26, whi ch was adopted unanimously: 1. That all public functi ons , includ ing socials, shall have t he sanctio n of this committza for appr~va l. 2. Plans for canvass ing t he s Lue! en L community w ith ticke ts should b e submitted to thi s committee f or a ppr ova l. 3. That Monday ni g ht of each we ek be set apart as "Club Nig h t" a nd Lha t the Science, German a nd Latin Clubs have regular meetings at that time . And t hat the last Tuesday evening of each calendar month, so fa r as poss i bl e , be kept open for the Dramati c Club . ' 4. That events of a socia l natu r e should r eceive the approva l of this committee at least three days before th e function is ·to be held. 5. Schedule for regular annual or s emester functions should b e submitted t o this committee at least one month in advance of t he presentation. 6. Sched:.1les of r ehearsals not provided for in the cur ri c.1lum must b e a r ranged f or w ith this committee . ' Beck :- Construct a sentence with the word ''defeat'.' Pupi I :- Soap and water is good for de feet.


Staack:-! can cook, having b atchd for six weeks once. Miss C. - I ·want to marry a man who can cook. $

Hush , little d oggie, Don't you cry; Youll be a weinerwurst By and by.


~---- - --- -


II Witb th~ ~lass~s


Senior Notes.

Juniors of ::dor mer years have returned in unusua lly large numbers to be grl'cluatcl with class of ' 12. Stella Fairchild , Goldie Applegate, N. E. Nippert a nd Merle Sw:m a re a mong t hose who a re to complete t he ir wot·k at the entl of t he first semester. Acco r ding to t he new pla n of t he enter ta inment committee, school duties will not inte rfe re with social obligations for se,·eral consecutive evenings. Th is change s hould prove a bened iction to the busy sen ior. The seni')r class is beginning to take defi ni t ac t ion in organizing for t he year. Com11ittee> have bee n appoin ted to s uggJs~ m ..)asur~.:> to be ac ~ed upon · by the clac;c;. Thi s p la n has hi t herto provd t o be a n effectiv meam of facili tating class affairs. The several classes again have t he privilege of holding separate chapel exercises once ·each week. The senior s held t he ir first meeting Sep tember 27, at whi ::!h t im e t hey li stend to a shor t t a lk by Professor De!zell. Ray Lundy was cho~rn a m emce r of the l'!ormalite board and May Fudge was e lected seni or class r eporter. Last year our class n umberd less than a h ·~ nd red membe rs, but it is a most notab!e fact Lhat out of that number, a l::Tf'"l r percent has r eturnd fo r graduati on th 'l n ever before in the hi stor y of t he ; chool. There is now a t otal enroll m ~tl; o£ one h und red . twenty five and it is exnected that th is n .1mb er will have in ::r •asd to on ~ hundred fifty by the begi nn ing of the second semester. As Jun iors we took specia l pride in hE-ing so ably r epresen ted in a ll forms of <l ti-tle :icc; ~ n d various other school e n t"-rJ.·:· d . T .1 at so mo.ny of our most effie-



ient athletes have returnd is indicativ of t he fact that we are to have a pr oin inent place in the same activities this year. At a meeting of the senior class held Wednesday night .September 26 t he fol lowing persons were chosen as officers f or the year : President, R. E. Bailey of Oakland; Vice-president, J attie Hendricks of Nelson; Secretar y Edna Sharp of Beemer; Treslll·e r H. H . Moyer, of F a irfield Iowa. With t his splendid corps of energetic offices the Saniors feel sure of a very successful a nd enjoya ble year. Saturday morning, September 21, was selected as t he t ime for the first soci:1l affair of the year. At six-thirty o'clo::k all seniors armd with a cup and spoo:1, assembld in front of the chapel, and from t here wended their way to a woody spot west of town. Several who had gone a hed to build a campfire had a very sad experience. They do admi t rather reluctantly t hat handles of cans are affected by heat even tho tied to a pole of generous dimensions and the coffee once spild is gone forever . M ter the usual games and gymnastic exhibitions all were ready for brekfas t. Professor Delzell 's fut~re happiness and heltb were despaird of for some t ime. Each senior came away feeling something of the spirit of loyalty and good fellowship which prevaild. .;/-

J u nior C lass.

Our class, one hundred forty strong is four times its sophmore promise. Most of last year's members are back and , of course, many new face . We a re a cosmopoli '. an bunch havin~ a man f rom Wayne, Chri stemon; one fr J,n Indiana, Dustman ; t wo fro m th ~ great plains region, Mewhirter.:; ; and !VIiss Moo re from Iowa. A good ly bunch of OGr J . n ior boys is




found up:m the foot-ball f ield each evening . Among them are Rouse, Sim, Christensen, the Mewhir ters, H end ri ck, Tyson, a nd DeBo lt. The prospects are very fov.)rable for a good strong class basket-ball team. Theadvisor t:> the cl9.::nd Ltrin:r its s:>phomore year, Mr. Chire C:>rn ell, h;t3 been cald to the leader sh ip of the U ni vers ity band. The class is greatly p leasd to learn of his being recently honord by a place up:m the recep t ion committee for President Taft.

Nor11al, a 1:))ut one h und red furl~· mcm bers, and with the capab le oflic-crs Lh ·y have elected they ought t•> ha\·c ·o n e of the strongest clas.:;es in the hi sto•·y o f the Norma l. The J un iors' coat of a r m:;, a g-o ld ' I :i wit h in a gold h or sesh oe and a hrnwn background, fl oating majestical ly o \·e r a ll , wi ll lead t he m on to v icLory. JU -JU-JUN -10-10-'0 1 J UNIORS. .;1-

Sophomor~ Notes. At seven o'clock Wednesday evening, Mr s. Nettleton, ou r esteem<.! c lass adSeptember 27, the villagers li ving a long seven teenth street were brot to t he ir viser, whose pr o long d visit in the cast doors by the chatter of many voices and ended last week, is again w it h us. The t he tred as that of a host. From t he ir class extends its ha r t iest greet ing-s to doors they could see a line extending her. two blocks in length, three or four T he f or mer membe rs of t he class · J..l abrest. It was the Junior class starting are especia ly g lad to welcome a cons idfor the woods for their "get acquai nt- e rable n ·J mbe r of new students who have e~" party. Chairma n E llenberger a nd e nterd our ranks . W e d eplo re t h e fact, hJs committee were in the van. The r e- howaver, that several of t h ese who we r e freshmen t comm ittee, wi th the camp- w ith us as fres hma n hav() f oun d i t necesfires, around which large groups gath- sary to leave sch o::>l; in sp ite of thi s fact ered to toast weenies, became the center our enrollment exceeds that of last yea r. of attraction with story hour following A special meeting of t h e c lass was close upon refreshments. Few wi 11 forcalled for the purpose of organi zation get soon that great circle around the on September 29. The fo llow ing ofTice•·s campfire and the harty laughs t hat a rose were chosen Roland Wi ckam, Pres .; Besafter each story. After another series s ie Curan, Vice Pres.; Ruby Hu ff, Secreof games some of the boys started tary; Marshall J ones, Tresurer; Cassius "Goodnight Ladies" and al l took that as Normali te Board; H c.ze l J o hnKendedy, a s ignal for " g:>:>dnight." A royal time, yes, and warrant for t he name • 'a son, Normali te Reporter. I i ve bunch." Judging from the materi al we sh a ll ma ke a good showing in athl etics th is The Jun iors met Wednesday evening, year . Several of the boys are go ing out October4, and elected the followi ng offifor football. T hi s fact is m ade manifest cers: N. Tyson, president; G. H . DeBolt, by the number of black eyes, especia ll y vice president ; Grace Teich , secretar;y Wear's. Charles Li vely, tresurer; .Frank Ellenberger, Normali te board; A. Wickla nd, .;~­ sergent at arms; Phi l Rouse, yell leadFreshman Notes. er. T he Freshman held t heir first mee t ing The junior claSs is t he largest in t he Wednesday, September 27, at w hi c h




\1.\ LII'I--:

tinw the foll owing officers we r elected; Ha l Gla..;g-d w. prc.;idnct; Lena Cole, secretary : J osephine H olman. vice pr esident ; C!are n::e H owie, tr ~su rer; Verne Chatelai n , r;1 cm ~er of t he Normalite Boa rd; Ralph Han ks, s ergen t at arms.

Miss Witty a member of last year's class is teaching at Hebr on, Nebraska. A card receivd states she is getting a long nicely.

Wc are ve ry g-lad to ann~ unce tha t Pr Jf::! :3Jr . 11i .~1 ;n' be:!n c:n3en for o~1r adY iser . T h JS f.>r he h'13 pnYd himself wor chy of th ~ place and w il l und outed ly c mduct t:1e c:ass succ::!sfully th r uout i ts career.

Th is yegr a new class was added to t he State Normal, by a state law which changed the entr a nce requiremen ts so as to let mature studen ts register in the preparatory cour se, prov iding they have completed t he course ' in their home school.

W.,oclne -;clay ev~ning O::~:>!:>er 4, the freshmen he ld i ts fi rs t pi cnic in the wo~ds . Th ~ ev2n ing was m:>s t e nj :>yab ly spen t play ing a ll sor ts of gam es a nd then t~a:; t ing wi en ies and ma r.:;h-m ell ow;; on th e end of a forkd stick in old camp st; le . Of C) ~lrse o~servan t of th ~ r ules laid d )Wn b y o路J r s.1perior.>, the class t1 )k pa r t ic.1la r care t:> b .:! in Peru by 9.30 o'clock.

T 1 aine r Class.

Tra in2r3 twen ty four

str ~ng.

The ou t look th is yea r is better t han form er year.


The Tra iners held the ir first separate cb.:>3 ch1.pel We:lnes::lay S~;>tem':J er2 8, in r .:>:>m T. 308 . The devotional exercises wer e led by Mrs. Crawford, our advio3r. Mi ss Bess ie Arm stro ng has been e lected r epr2sen tativ for the N orm 9.lite. Other officers will be 路ele:!ted at our next meeting.

Preparatory Class.

The preparator y class is now 路 composd of thirty five members with Professor Weeks. as adv isor. F or Thmsday October 5, the class had pland a hay rack 路ride and a picnic dinner at B Jck Creek. A heavy ra in compeld the class to hold it<> picnic in its meeti ng place, I. 301 and 303. The fir,:;t part of the evening was spent in games, getting acquainted and learn ing class s~ngs and yells. At six o'clock a supper was servd on an impr ovisd banque t table after which a few members resp:maed wi th a few toasts.




Everett literary Society.

With over one hundred new members in add ition to a large number of those who were with us before, the Everett Literary Society commencd a new year of activi ty.


Mi ss J on es was cald home on account of the deth of her b rother. The class extends its sympa t hy to Miss J ones. Miss Bessie H op:dns enjoyd a vis it her fath er one day d uring t he second week of schoo l.

While we are ~orry to lose Professor Cornell from our soci ety yet we are glad t o welcome Mi ss Woods who has been esl ~cted to fil l hi s place and who is very able and competent to direct the affairs of a L iterary Society.

There are a n um ber of trainers of former yean e nrolld 83 J unior3 and Seni ors.

At the first meeting the following offi cers were eleCted; Phil Rouse, P resident ; Carl Over ton, Vice President; Maud Mil-

fr ~ m




ler, Recording Secretary; Sara J ewell, Corresponding Secretary; R. E . Bai ley Tresurer; Henry Schott, Sergtan t at arms; Catherine Gr eenlee, mem b :;!r of Nor ma li te Board; Frank Adams, Cr itic; H. H . Moyer, Attorney;:Maud Mille r, R. E. Bailey, Rowena Brannaman , Mr. R')se, a nd May Shi vely. Trustees. The meeti ng on September 29, .was devoted to an informal r ecepti on Conventional games were playd in order that a ll mig ht become acquainted. During t he even ing a short musical progr am was g iven. Dr. H ouse sang t wo selecti ons. Lig ht refr eshments wer e servd during the latter part of t he evening. We as Ever etts are very enthus iastic over the beginning wh ich has been ma de and hope to enjoy a very p lesant and successful year. .;J.

Philomat h en The first meeti ng of the Philomat hean society was held September 15. The officers f or the semester were elected, after which Dr. House entertaind the society with several musical numbers. The remainder of t he evening was spent in having a social t ime and g etting acq ua inted with the new members. After the refreshments were servd the plesant evening came t o a close. · The membershi p of the soci ety is rapid1y increasing, ·and a good helpful year is looked forward to. The motto of t he wciet y is, "Phi lomatheans respond to Duty. " Following is the program given in Philo Hall September22; P iano Solo ·Miss Teoch Introduction of New Officer s, President, Mr. Clements; Vice presidne t, Miss Reed ; Treasurer Mr. Novak ;' Recording Secretary, Miss Wrig h t; Correspond ing Secretar y, M iss P eterson ; Ser-

g eant, Mr. J ohnson: T rusecs. i\ 1iss Mil le r, Mr. Wickla n d, M iss H c n cl t·ic ks. Vocal S :>lo Mi ss Cou r l right A We lcom e t o Phi lo Pn>fc! s 1r De lzell Reading Mi ss 'oo lcy M i ~s Glasg-o w Whis t ling S olo


II Latin Clob .

On Se ptember 19, t!lc Latin C lu ~> m e t for t he p u1·pose of o r g an iz ing·. A L Lb e m ee ting Ste lla I• airchi ld was e le c t e d preside nt and Cecelia Hoe hne, sec retar y a nd t r easurer. T he offisers e lect e d Lhe n gave impro mptu, speeches, eac h p r .Jm isi ng loyalty t o the or g ani za t io n , and ask in ~>" o ur coope ration . Thi s ye ar o nl y a clva~cd L 3.tin' stude n ts are a llo wed m em b e rshi p in the club. We a r e so n y th a t this ruling excl udes fro m our s oc ie ty some of t he Caesar p u p i Is who we r e d e s i rous of uni t i ng w i t h u s. Ou r wo rk pro mi ses to b e ver y h e lpfu.l and inte r esting , as Miss Cla r k wi ll gu ide us al o ng s:_:)ecial li n es of !:>tudy a n d w ill offer many suggestio ns tha t w ill b e of ser v ice to t hose inte nding to teach Lat in. Our next m eeting was he ld October 2 . We first . had a sh ort bus iness m ee t ing, during which t he Normali te r e porte r , Hazel Taylor, was e lected . The remainder of the ev~ning was spe nt in playing a L atin gam e s imil ar to ''authors," a n add i ti ona! f e ature be ing that th e princi pal par ts of t he verb must b e · given before the d esired card is w o n. Before adjourning we sang, "Dominae, Nox Bona . " The Latin Club w i ll again a ss e mb le Octobe r! 16. The fo ll ow ing program will then b e gi ven : Li fe of Caesar Catherine Green lee Ca esar a s a Warri or a nd Statesman Stella Fairchild Caesar, the Writer a nd Orat o r Haze l T ay lor


THE Ca(S2 r in Li ~era lure Edna harp Pa rewcll 'm:.r. · · Dominae.1 ox Bona" A ll me mbe rs s'1ould be present. .-~.


D ramat ic Club .

The first Dramatic Club meeting was he! d Scpt.ember 2n, a t whi ch the f ol lowing oflise rs we n~ Qlccted : F rank El le nbe rger, pr..:!sid en t ; l\f iss Ber tha Reed, v ice pres id ent; T1I r . Shc.wer, tresJ re r: Mi ss Bulah Rad •r . sccrctar:' ; l\I L Ove r ton, ser;rcan ~ -::tl-a r ms. Whe n Lhe ~ lub met October 2. the fol lowing com m i ttecs we re appoin ted: Program- Miss l\1:\Tt le Reed, chairman, Ivl iss May G las;sow . l\I r. Ben J ones. room , M iss Alta \".'ells. cha irman, Mr. H a l Glasgow, Cassi us Kennedy. At t he se::ond me eli ng nineteen names w e re presented, whi ch wer e added to t he r oll. Watch fo r ''The Burg lar, '' Tuesday evening , October 3 1. .JI.

G er man rJub.

On Wednesday evenir.g, S =ptember 20 the Ger man Club elected the fo llowing offisers: Bertha Lam bert, p res !dent ; Anna Merm et, v ice president; Frank Adams, sec1·etary; Mr. Staack, tres •J re r; H azel J ohns::>n, pianist; Ebba Walstrom, Normal ite reporter. The enth •Jsias m shown indi cates a ver y profitab le year for the clu b. The meetings wi II be held every two weeks on the usual even ing . All who are interested in Ger man are irivi ted t o be present. The first regu lar meeting of the German Cl ub was held Mond 9.y, October 2 . The program was opend by si nging seve ra l good old German songs. These were f ollowed by a few r emarks by t he president expla in ing the basis upon whi ch the Club would maintain this



year. For t he evenings entertainment the Cabinet had prepard a good o!d fash iond " Kaffe Klath." That every one en terd in to the spiri t of the occasion was manifested b); the enjoyment receiYd from playing " Thaler , Thaler . . , During the r efreshments the club listend to a we ll rende rd so lo by Miss Teich. Ma r ..;aren t Saek i3 teaching Ge!·man at Cha dron. Eva Poellet a last year ' s grad i!ate is teaching germa n a t Blanchard, Iowa. Lenore Muehleis, ·u, has the German wor k at Blue Springs. She will read a paper on "The Teachi ng of German," before the German section of the State Teachers' Ass:>ciation at Omaha th is year. .;/-

A gricultural Society

Be::ause of the time that has been requird to arrange the various s~ience societies into an association of sciences, a nd on account of the time needed f or t he formulatio n of plans for the mee tings of the vari ous clubs of the Normal, the Agricultural Society d id not hold its firs t meeting till October 8. At t his meeting it was unanimously voted to join the ,S tate Normal Associati on of Sciences, officers were elected, and a program for the · evening meeting was arrangd. The Agricultural Soc!ety is open . to any one interested in getting f r esh info r mation on the newer phase3 of the gr ea t field of a~r i cu l tural knowledge. Picn ics and excursions are always a feature of the society, not the least Interesting of whi ch will be the " a nn ual h usking" bee he ld in the gymnasi um in late October. This is a real husking bee with real corn in t he shock, real red apples, real pumpkin pies, and real boys and g irl s in the game and perhaps some r eal r ed ears of corn.



The meet ing was led by Mr. lh:nd ri c ks who carr ied into the m eet ing Lhe s p irit R~ligious of t he time by a Lal k, ' ' Ge tLi ng inlo the Gam(!." The m _c Ling w as n : n d C' t·Y. M C. A. ed mor e in te res ti-ng b; a C() rn ~ l s olo The first meeting for the year 1911-12 from t he eve r r eady mus ic ian. S·mfo rd was held on Sunday September, 18, in Cl em ~n ts. In te resting five m'n .tlc La lks Everett pa ll, with L. A. Wickland as wer e given by diffe re n t m .:!nt h e r:::;. Lcll leader. The time was spent as a get ing of t h e:! m ~n' s m0v<! m ~nn L in A m •racquainted meeting in wh ich each ona ica. present told who he was and where he The m aetin g on Oc ~o!:>cr l was led was from making the meeti ng one of by Profes£or Gr.?gg. Thi s m ee Ling- like great interest and never to be forgott en the rest was ve ry in t erest ing a s we ll a s by all present. ins truc tiv, show ing us how Lh (! nY>rab TheY. M. C. A. is under a very com- which we. hold today we re inh ri ted by petent list of officers, who are well able us . t) make thi s the most profitable year fur · The Y. M. C. A . D en in the c hape l this work. They are as follows : Presi- b u ild1ng zs to be remod el d and fi x ·. up, dent, ·L. A. Wickland; Vi ce President, making a general committee and •·est Chester Darrow; -Recording Secretary, r oom f or all Y. M. C. A. and all i ts Charles Lively; Corresponding Sacr etary , friends. E. C. Beck; Tresurer, Warren E. Bur( relle; Advisor, F. M. Gregg. Y. W . C. A. One of the long lookt f or annual events of Peru Normal is the Stag party given Twe nty five fears ago t he Young VI/oby the Y. M. C. A. The party given t his man's Chri s ian Associa t ion was or gan.: year was one which will linger in t he ized in the P e ru State Normal. At minds of present, even after the cobwebs twenty five years of aga the ave rage iQof da ily toil and passing years have sperd didual is just beginning to be of r eal use themselves over our brains. We will not to the world and to him,;e lf. Whil e eveforget how the race between Live ly a nd ry year of our exeste nce has been u seful Dorsey came out, nor how the human and active, we feel that in t h is, the horse race was lost. After a ll the heat-ty twenty fifth year, we are in pos ition to laughs were over speeches by some of better meet the needs of th e youn g woour Y. M. C. A. pushers were g iven. men in our Normal than ever before in Space will not permit the mentioning of t he history of the ·organization. The the good which was thrown out in these outlook for t h e year could not be b ette r; speeches All of thi s was for the outer the spirit of good f ellowship a nd interest man but the Stags never f orget the call in the Association among t he girls genof "innerman" which caused each wi th erally is most encouarging. Our acti v his cup and spoon to pass t ne cooks' de- m embership n u mbers 175 and ever y day par tment when coffee, sandwiches and sees t he add iti on of new m embers. A "wienerwurst" queld the feeling causd very consertativ estimate to p lace on t h e by laughter and exercise. ultimate number we will have within a The acquaintances of the Stags were few weeks, would be two h undred . not forgotten as shown by t he meting Counting our · affiliated membership on Sunday September 25, when a goodly organization, of which we are j ustly number gatherd in the Everett Hal l. proud , in numbers we w ill reach nearly





the t :wee lrJ ntlre I nn r \ d ur ing the year. has at last been fi ld. by the securing of a Be ing t he la rg est organ ization in t he in- convenient, tho small, rest room. offis s t it •J tion na tural ly t:1e b iggest th ings and f ormerly occupied by the registar, has la rge-;t r c:;u lts w :ll be ex pected from us. been furni sht wi th almost entirely new The wor k of it s a· ;ociation a nd its influ- f.urniture, and the walls appropriately e ncc w ill be n al ~ rially e xtended and t inted and decorated in cream and s trengthE.nJ th is year because of the ser- brown, the color scheme of the room. vice o;: Lhc s tudent secretary, Frances The Assoc iation feels grateful to the Wil larJ Bla ke, a ppoin ted in March of Ladies' Art Club for its presentation of a last year. magnificient "Sistine Madonna", and We are hav ing splend id noonday to Miss Mears for her g ift to of" The p ra/ er m ee tings these days, and a goodly los t Sheep. " The sectiona l bookcase preatten dan ~e . N o more profitable expends~nted by the Cabinet of 1910-11, occui t ur e of the time from twelve to twelve pies a place Jn the r oom. The hours twenty each day can be made than t o go which the room will be open for ues, are to T 301 and j oin in the g ood thi ngs 7 a. m. to 9.. p. m. every day i~ t~e whi ch the faculty member s and studen ;-) week, Sundays mcluded. Every gi rl IS present. :t'c,<;ordi~y urgd to make use of t he Rest ·r-60001t . eo)'>~ Beg inning with th is school year t he -l~ 'O~ 'G-cJ>~ Young Woma ns Chri stian Associati on in:.>o-_..~ ~ .;f. .,.. 'l.Qc .& augurates a new scheme of Sunday meet. ~e r{.1P.~ A. ings. The first mee ting of the year was ·. " On September 24 , t he N. C. C. A. met an informational meeting about the associat ion, its organization, management, and e lected offisers for the coming seand purpose. This meeting was led by mester. The following persons were the President, . Gertude Smith. A chosen by the Association to fill the strong Bible Study Rally presenting the different offises : Mt·. Dominick Kantor, Miss Conway, secretary; Why, When. and How, was masterful y president; Miss Anna Sugrue, vice-president; Mr. carried out by Mabel · Swanson, Bible Charles Novak, t resurer and business Study Cha irman, the second Sunday. manager; Miss Hattie Proschasca, chairThe Assoc iat ion is offeri ng in each of man of program committee. three churches exceptionally valuable cour ses, Miss Stoner having in charge The association invites all students of the work at the Methodist church on the the Cathol ic faith at attend~ that the enbook of Genesis; The work in the Fore- tire society working with thi s corps of s hadcw ing of Christ is under the direc- offisers may be a most successful one. tion of Proffessor De lzell at the Baptist Church and Rev. Holl ingsworth .is giving The N . C. A. enjoyed a visit from work in a teachers' Tra ining Course a t Rev. Father Dowd of Nebraska City on the Christian church. Some t wo hun- Thursday, September 21. Father Dowd d red or more girls are enrold in the vari- is greatly interested in us and is putting ous Sunday school and B ible classes. forth an earnaet effirt to have a new This number does not constitute half t he Catholic Church establisht :n Peru. g irls in school. May we not hope to double that~ number in the immediate future? Miss Hey is attending the Columbian A long felt want in the Association School of Expression in Chicago.




There are a bout one hundred fifty students registerd f or Publi c School music who a re anxiously an t icipating the lessons in the new r oom over the Li brary . Judging by number of diciples one sees practising th~ art of rhythm and accent, there will never be a dear th of people to sw ing the banton in Nebraska. The class begun work very unevenly qualified but the people to whom sig ht reading was a new problem are voluntarily bring ing the classes near er an average abili ty by doing a certain amount of outside work before each lesson . It is t o be hopt that each s~ud ent taking t he work for the second semester wi ll be able to actually w<e both the baton and pitch-pipe, and conduct the class at least once bef ore the end of the ha lf ' year. The beginners' orchestra wi ll hold i ts first r ehersal Wednesday evening, October 4, at seven o'clock. There are seventeen instruments registered at he present t ime. The aim of this organization is to teach the fundamentals and to interest as many people as possible , who have never had any experience with an in-路 strument. Each member has gone into the work with the understanding t hat he receiv


in ~ormnent

class instruc t ion, and in nearl y CH' I'Y ins tance the studen t has giYen c ,路id encc of the s incerity of hi s in ~en '. i ons h:-路 s ending various dis tances for an instr um e n t . Any student wi10 may w ish Lo g-eL a s~a r t in this way will be we lcvmd Lo the cla~s. tho it is to the pup il' s adva ntag-e Lo j o in as early as poss ibl e . The P e r u N orma l Orchestra unde r Lhc efficie n t lead ersh ip of P rofesso r Smith has made a fine start in its work. Al l t hat is necess:ny now to make t he orchest ra as good a one a s Per u ever had is a few mor e exper ienced vi ol in players. Any one who has ever d one orchestnt work w ill be g lad ly welcomd by t hi s organization . Work w ill soon beg- un o n the two selections, "Will iam Tell " nad ''The Poet and the P easant. '' The Glee Club organ ized d ur ing t he second w2ek of schoo l .at present has an enr'oll ment of twenty-four m embers. There is a good deal of new materia l in the club this year, but under the competent leadersh ip of its d ir ecto r , Dr. H ouse, i t is rapid ly getting in to good working ord er. Contrary to t he custom of previous year s , the club is try ing the plan of evening r e her sals and so far i t has succeed ed ver y well. They have been working on the t hree follow ing selecti ons: Over the Hi lls at Early Morn , Tumbuctoo , by Adam Geibel , and Anchord b y Michae l Watson . Miss Grayce Teich is their accompa n ist.




We have received our new line of J ewelry and would be pleased have you look at the new styles whether you buy or not . Let u s We guara ntee t o please. Charges are as do your repai r work. reasanable as first-class wor~ will permit . ASK ABOUT US.


Ellis the Leading Jeweler and 2 doors north of P . 0 . 路 Registered Optometrist. PERU, NEBRASKA



Jltbl~tics By E .



. Beck .

Captain ... ha,·c r. the leader of our g r id ir on war ri ors, is a man stand ing fiyc feet ni ne inc!1cs in hei g ht and weighing 185 po ·.mcl:;. H is pos i t ion is that of left tack le . H e h::t had con idcrabl e football e xpe ri ence, t h is be ing hi s third year wi f 1 t he N ormals . "Cap'· endeared himself t o a ll f ootball enthusiasts when he ga ind s ixty yards in three consec:.ttiv downs against Kearney las t fall. H is pr owess was r ecognizd all o\·er the circu it last year , and h is name appeard in t he A ll-Ne b r aska l ine -up. He is a hard, hedy playe r , a "peppery " leader , a loyal cowor ker , and a jo lly co mpanion . H e shines no b ri g h ter on t he ath letic fi eld t ha n he d oes amo ng t he fe llows. H e dese r ves our a id; so help t he team by cheering t he captain. Daily s ince M onday, Septembe r 11 , Coach Thac ker has had a bunch out car r y ing t he ba ll. The " tryouts "' have been g iven a stiff wor kout a nd any man w ill pr ofit f r om t he exercises g iven. S ig nal practis a nd buck ing has been used t h e pas t two weeks. The old men who have donned the sui ts a r e "Cap" S haver, "Pink" R enf r o, L undy Bazil S ims, "Pewee" Ra lston, "Nip" Nipper t and G ifford . T he new men making a fair showi ng a r e, 'Hon " Schott, Tyson, L. Mewhi rter , Christenson, DeBolt, H e nd r icks , "Wab" R alst on, Roetger , C. Mcwhi rter and Beck. The Athletic Associa tion held its meeting September 19, and elected the following offiser s : W. E . Ni p per t, president ; J ohn Wear, Jr. , v ice president ; Gladys T ay lor , secretary; "Sharkey" Moyer. treasurer; Ber tha L a mbert and Basil S ims, m embers of board ; E . C. Beck, Normalite re por ter.


We hm·e a prom ising outlook for a winning girls' basket ball team this fall. · ·Pi nk's' ' toe is still in working order. T!1e man wh o o:1t-panted Frank and won a place on the All-Nebraska EJe,·en. spiral s t he ball down the field some fifty yards per effor t. The schedu le for foo tball to date is : October 7, second U ni versity a t Peru October 14, Neb raska City H. S. at Peru . October 20, Doane at Crete. oYember 3, Cotner at Peru. No,·ember 17, Tarkio at Auburn or Tarkio. No,·ember 30, Kearney Norm~! at Per u. Coach · T hacker began h is work at Mich igan State A£;I·icultural College as assistant under Coach Brewer. After two years of tra ining under Brewer , he left to coach the Traverse City h igh school, wor king t here fo ur years. H is t eam was the champion of M ichigan, and were not even scord against t he last two years. - Omaha Da ily Bee. At a meeti ng of t he Athletic Board, Bazi l S ims was elected manager of footba ll , E. C. Beck ager of b"SkPt bal l ' ' ffi ( a nd Sanf o, A rousi ng t\. - . 'f-Ja)i >:lJ.IIY was held in chapel F ri day morning, Sept~ver 29. Over three hundred st udents b ought seas.on t ickets. T wo hu ndred f a tr coeds b ravd t he stor m of Saturday evening and part icipated in a r eal g irls pa r ty. That Peru has a band of g irls wit h good voices was shown thruout the evening . They provd t hemselvs mentally equi pt as well. But where t hey di d themselvs justis best was in the last stun t, that of eating water melons. Every g irl left at t he proper ti me with a spiri t of congenial ity and good will toward al l.



II [ocal and P~_rs~nai II

a paper on "Conserva ti on of Sui! ' ' fo r t he state rr eeti ng t'-. is w in te r.

W. E. Burre lle has spen t a wee k i n Miss Brandson enterd upon her duties Texas on business .and in Old l\:cx ic t wo weeks late, by reason of the deth of s ight seeing, r ecently . her brother. Mat ri culation fees of $5 each fo1· ne w Miss Culber tson was cald to Co lorado student f or the Septe m bet s of l'l' C.:l r.t the last week in September by t he death years are as fo llows: 1908, $f-'50 ; 1 ~09, of her brother-in-law. $875; 1910, $650; 1911, $1020. the action of the faculty, in that most of Professor Gregg has just '-'\'l'i Lten a us have lost more or less t ime and some w an ty-flve th :n s3.n:l w :> rd a 1·: icle o 11 have been stung in past years. Parlia mentary Law for the Cyclopedia of Miss Ferguson, of the domestic sci - American Governme nt , a t hree vol urr:e ence _department, has a good enroll ment, work, now coming from the prEss of D . and is well equipt for doing her work in Appleton & Co. The wo rk is edited by the most approved fashion in her new Albert Busbne l H art of H a r va r d U ni verquarters. s ity. By recent action of the facul ty .a ll Mrs. Nettleton e n ~erd s:hoo l two agents for subscription books and lif e weeks late on acco ~ n t of t he n ee d of insurance are denid the I iberty of t he mor e extensive r ecuperat io n wh ich s!-:e State Normal grounds f or sol ici tation sec:.:rd in the mo ntain:; of Co londu . purposes. We, the students, appreciate All ar e glad to know that she h2s r ; Dr, McKenzie spoke to us in chape l ga ind her strcn ~ th and is at he 1· wo rk one morning before leaving f or his home vigero;:sly . H er cl ::>ss. s w e r e ta~w n by i.n California. He told us of some of Miss H ey, who was as ;i stant i n that dehis owp experiences in getting an educa- partment last year. tion. We al ways appreciate his talks, Mi ss E lea nor Lally, who has b ee n in for he makes us feel that we have much the U ni vHsity of Ntbraska f or the past for which to be thankful. year, expected t o r etcrn to us, b :1t s he Miss Jennie Adams, who \-:as been has been made t he l- ed >f t':1e tra ining chief secretary in t he offis of the state department in the State N on -ra J Schoo l superintendent, w it h her mother, were of Wisconsin, at Mi lwa .1kee, P er .:v ians the guests of Professor and Mrs. Beck reg ret t hat she co•.1ld no t have con t in d over Sunday. Miss Adams. was appoint- t o land her inspirations in O ld P er--1 , ed to th is position when Professor Beck but r ej oice in the larger r eco.:?;n i t i :m was deputy state superintendent. which is hers. Professo r Weeks was one of t he twe.n At chapel of F riday, October 6, the ty-nine representatives and official de le- P eru st;:dents wer e enter taind in a gates to the National Conservation Con- most un:q ~: e and ins:r :.1ctiv m:::nner l 1y g ress held in Kansas City, Sept. 25-28 . Prof essor Dt:ncanson . H aving teen t nThere were twelve hund red delegates gaged in biological wo r ~ a t Friday Hal)and many .thousands in at tendance at or d uring t he last s·.:.mme r he \HS a : le every session of this meeti ng . Profes- to d isp lay many un !q ue a nd s '. rL.i ng sot· Weeks comes back more enthusiastic specimens of di fferEn t forms of life . To than ever for agricultural ed ucation. fail to hear s .1c'n taLs sho :.l ld be c ... nIlr. Weeks is a member of the Nebras:m sider ed one of t:~e great~s t JcssE.s a st'.lConservation Congress, and will prepare dent can have.

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N. S. Haraj ian, A B.,D. D .S. Resident Dentist. DR. B. L . SHELLHORN Residence P hone 6 Office over Rexall Store P hone 31 PERU ·· N EBRASKA

Dr.Jos. G. Vacek Dentist Office with Dr. Neal Gas given for extractions and sensitive teeth



Sheet Music - Promptly F illedOASKILL IUUSIC COMPANY Nebraska City


Grand .Hotel NE BRASKA CiT Y, NEB. Rooms with hath. t Aiephones, hot and cold r unn ing water, and table ser vice uue:ccelled .

American Plan- $2.00 and $2.50.

B ring y our w ork to the

The Pa rio r Shoe Sto r.e Just East of t he Corner Drug Store PE RU, NEBRASKA

E. C CHASE, Prop.







of Normal Students We Sortcit the ..-·Accounts. ... '• '; .. ·. .:. ..... ~



Deposit yoar money with us for the school vea r and pay your bilJ.s by checks. You tho s h ave a pla ce ofsEifety ror your money and you gain a valuahle business . experience in caring fo r y o ur a cco u n t .

- ·e·





n. S. n. ]¢W~Iry Stor~ ror Watches Rings Baceleta Lockets Pin a Chains Charm

Candies Nuts Fuita Stationery Strings for Muaical Instmments School Supplies

]. e.

The only place to get your repairing done, where sutbfactioo is guara nteed. Where yoa don' t have to pay for gold and get pure brass. We keep the best, sell the best and give the best. Search tbe ga mut of human wants and you will find no gift so acceptable as Jewelry. Good jewelry ia a heritage that is banded down fro m generation to generation, and an enduring remembrance oftbe giver. Bring your broken ~pect a cles. Look at our prices. Special prices the year round. No 11pecial sale day.





N. S . N. Novelties S eal Pins F o bs S il verwAre Cut Gluss

Spc::c t a c I c::


And 8 day and ala rm cl o ck s F o untain Pens China Plain and Hand Painted Post Cards



Appreciates and solicits the trade of Normal Students.

Wm. 1ynon, President C. R. Welden, Cashier

L. T. Cox, Asst. Ca11bier

Deposit your money here and check it out as you need it.







CLEVELAND'S FALl ANNOUNCEMENT Or Rea.dy -to- W" ear Department is showing more new and beautiful styles this fall than ever before. It will be a pleasure to show you the new things we have to oft'-ar. Such as La Vogue Coats and Suits in any wanted style and fabric or Cohn Baer Berman Suits and Coats of Plush Velvet Caraeul, plain or fancy tweeds made up in the absolute correct styles that are su(e to command your approval you will find that our showin of "Vl'omen's Apparel" by far the most complete in Nebraska Cit¡}:r. Prices are Reasonable

Students bring me your work I'll do it right.

Suitatorium s. c.

Second House North of Christian Church


Ladies' Work a Specialty




.Color song

At the faculty meeting on October 31, t he following was adopted as the Color Song of the Peru State Normal School, being a revi sion of the old White and Blue song.

r. ¡ F ling abroad our Normal colors To the free Nebraska breeze, Blend ing Heav' n's own white and azure W it h the soft green of the trees! While our loyal harts and voices In pride and j oy unit"e, As we sing Peru's devotion To the pale blue and thee white. II. Thru t he year¡s of sun and shadow, Mid the scenes we love so well, 0' er our ba r.ts our dear old colors Still weave t heir magic spell; And wherever life shall call us We'll strive wit h all our might, To uphold the brave tradition Of the pale blue and the white.

III. When the cares of life o'ertake us, Mingling f ast our locks with gray, When our dearest hopes forsake us, False for tunes fade away, We shall banish pain and sadness, By mem'ries fond and bright, {)f the old Nebraska Normal And the pale Blue and t he white.

l i I



THE NORMALITE Athletics. By Prof. R. W. Thacker.

When we stop to think of the popularity of foot-ball and its hold on the 'public, especially the great school-going pu~li c, even the most skepti cal of us must admit that it has won a place, and an important place too, in school activi-

sing le part, and one of the g reatest honors that cou ld come t o one of these ancients was the laurel wreath that came as a prize for having won a place . It will be recald, too, that h e was no t forgotten by the people but was r e m e mbe rd as a hero and hi s prowess told to s ucceed ing generations. This is a ll familiar to us , a nd yet we

Prof. R. W. ThAcker Coach, and Physical Director fo r M en

ties. And it is necessary for those of us who are connected with educational movements, either directly or indirectly, to see that it is kept in its proper place and t hat it may be usd to furt her t he interests of those concernd in t his particular kind of sport instead of injuring them or the institutions they represent. The study of history is not quite complete without a study of t he different games of older races. All of us are familiar with the great Greek games and with t he great care with which contestants for the different events were traind, some of them training for years for a

do not r ememb er of histor y's telling us t hat the reason the hoards of Per s ians, who out numberd the Greeks over¡ whelmling ly, fell b efor e them, was be¡ . cause t hey were not a p eople who had games. The little army at Marath 011 came home v ictorious partly because

~~~~a;:~re b~:h:~:~Y o~e=~: ~~ s~~d

been ta ug ht to endure, abstain, to De COOl, to Work against great oddS and to work together . As we come up to the present time il1 history, we find many interesting th ings in studying the sports of the different

THE NORMALITE peoples who have f rom time to time occupied t he center of the stage. The games change 路 in nature from t he kind that require ind ividual strength and abi lity to t hose games in which the outcome of t he contests depends upon the work of several participants working in u nison. The ogreater and more power fn l the people, the greater is the opportunity f or team work in thei r games. One of the oldest team games is t he English game of cricket, a game which req ui res a good eye, physical development, and a small amount of team work. This game has a great h old on t he English people, and I might say, has had an i mpor tant part in making t h em a great people. It m ig ht be interesting to note t hat long bef or e he became a soldier, Wellington was a g r eat cricket player, and one of the r easons N apoleon met defeat was t hat he was engagd in battle with an undefeated cricket player. We might go on t his way indefin itely. We might study the games of the different sav~ge races, of t he races today 路t hat are holding impor tant p laces in t he. affairs of t he world and we would find t hat t he g reatest peoples are t hose whose games require t he training of the body; games which requ ire temperance in eati ng and dr inking; t hat requi re mor e or less mental a lertness, and above all , games that r equ ire team work. By team wor k is meant th e ability of a group of men to act as a uni t and at just t he right t ime to accomplish some feat. I n almost any team game t her e are a lways a certain few who seem to shar e t he g lory of a victor y, who owe their s uccess to a certain other few who were i n the fray w it hout any t hot of themselves a nd .made possible a victory. Coming back t o foot-ball, we find that it requires speed, quickness of hand and foot a nd eye, discipline of the body, end urance, j udgment, and a generalshi p of forces not found in any other game. It


also requires 路路t he greatest amount of team work, for the whole team is needed in every play to make it a success. Many times we hear the'crowd cheer a br ill iant play and loudly applaud a man for advancing the ball, when they either do not know or do not stop to think that the man w ith the ball would have been thrown for a loss had not ten other men thrown themselves into the play with not a thought of their own glory, to make his brill iant feat possible. Foot-ball , having t hese many features, deserves its popu larity. It should be said that it is a game in wh ich only those who are physically fit should part icipate, and any time a coach or trainer allows a physically unfit man to play, he is bringing d iscredit on t he sport by the censure t hat comes from critics, t hat i t is br utal. If a ll foot ball teams were strict in t his regard and under the charge of t hose who were able to keep p layer s in condition, much of the feeling against foot-ball would be unheard of. There is another s ide to this discussion, and t hat is t he effect of foot-ball, and athletics in general, on the student body in any institution. No one ;who has ever attended an educational nstitut ion where t here was no student spirit, whether it be over foot-ball or any thing else, need be told of the need of having .something to be ent husd over. When the students of an institution are a ll interested in one phase of college life, and this par ticular thing pervades the class room, to some extent, and the campus is teeming w ith it, time goes quickly; and if the enthusiasm is a helthy one t he lessons come quickly and the drudgery of many a hard task is removd. There is nothing t hat will take hold of a student body as the spir it of a good and w inning foot-ball team . Many are the lessons to be learnd from the loyalty of a crowd to its team; lessons that can well be carried into after life wit h good




effect. It has heed demonstrated so oft en t hat it wi 11 hard ly bear repeating here, but every one who has ha d any experience wi th' athletics knows that it is nex t to impossible to do much in any line of athletics wit h a cold or "ind iffer ent crowd on the side lines. It is well to remember, then, that the student body has no small share in the success of the team that represents it, and each student ought to feel a personal interest in the team. Each live student in any school ought t o feel that the team is his or he r team and to feel t hat its success dep=nds almost as much on the attitude t he indi vidual student takes toward t he team, as it does on the abi I i ty of the team it self. Every individual in any student body ought to feel ashamd (or be made to fee l ashamed) to stand on the side lines at a game and ask the name of any player of the team r epresenting hi s school. Each individual student oug ht to know f rom day to day just which man is playing a particular position, and to know how well he is playing it. With a feeling like t his running thru the student body every member of t he squad will feel compeld to do his best, and doing hi s best will bring honor and victory to his school and also to t he rooter who made hi m get busy. Much can be said for and against football; that it is given too much attenion; that it occupies a more prom inent place A in school activities than it deser vs. great deal can be said al so in favor of the game: t hat it has been the making of some man who, until he had dond a foot-ball suit, never t ruly fo und himself, and finding himself capable in t his line, spurd hi mself on to greater activity in other I i nes. In closing, I should like to say that the men who are tryi ng for posit ions on the P eru team, are as manl y a bunch of men as I have ever met, and deserve t he sud-

port of all. Each one d oes hi s besl' win or lose, and lhaL is a ll t..hal can be expected of any man.





Much cr ed it is due G . H . Wi lliams, 'OB, president of t..he Alumn i Associati on, f or the exce ll ent pn>gram he has arrangd for t he Per u A lu m ni banq uet to be held at t he R ome H o lcl, at.. Oma~l a, Wednesday ni g h t, Novembe r 8 , dunng the State Teache rs Association. T~1 e Executive Comm ittee, of w hi ch ML Wtlliams is Chairman, has p lancl to make thi s one of the most s uccessful ba nquets held by the Associa ti on . Mr . Williams w ishes it t o be expt路essly und erstood as has been the cus t o m of t he 路 open to- a II past, ' t hat t hi s banquet 1s fr iends of Peru; not on ly t o Alumn i but to former studen ts and a ll who are inter ested in t he welfare of Peru. The g uest of 路 honor . at th is. banquet wil l be Presi dent J. W. Crabtree, ' 87, of the Wi scons in State Norma l at R i ver Falls. Among the speakers w i 11 b e Governor Aldrich, Superintendent P earse, Presiden t of the National Educatio n Associati on , State Superintendent De lzell, '93, Earl Cline, '07 , and our own President H ayes. Dean Rouse will be Toastmaster. The price per路 pl ate will be one dollar. Those desiring plates r eservd shou ld wr ite to t he Secretary of the Alumni, Rome H otel, Omaha, N ebraska. 'Ihe pla n adopted thi s year wi ll be t o number t he reservations in order of the ir being r eceivd which wi ll insure a plate for every one having a r eservation . A check or money order should accompanY each reservati on. This is done in order to prevent the Association from loss, as each plate calls for a dollar from t h e asauth orit ies. sociation by the hotel Reservations can be made until W ednes-



day n oon, November , thus mak ing it Yery important t hat you write early s:> as to be nssurd a plate. The first meeting of the Lincoln Peru C lub this yEa r took place at th ~ Univers i ty Te:11 ple, on the evening of October 14. Bes id es be ing a reun ion of Peruvi ans, it was a fa rewell meeting to State S uperintenden t Crabtree, '87, on the eve of hi s departure for the Ri ver F alls, Wiscons in, State Normal School. The ret iring presi dent of the Club, Myr t le Hiett, ' 09, a nnounced t he numbers on a s hort prog ram. The g uests of honor were Sclper inendent Crabtree, '87, Dr. George H oward, ' 70, and Mrs. Howard. The P eru spirit, characterizd by Dr. Howard as that " famil y s pirit" inauguTa ted by its founder, Dr. McKenzi e, was manifest in t he harty r esponses wh ich greeted each number on th e program. Th :l program brot f orth generous tributes to S::tper intendent Crabtree from State Aud itor, Silas Barton, Dr. Howard, Professor He1·bert Brownell, and G uy H. Williams, ' 06. A piano selec-' tion was given by John B. Sloat, ' 10, a vocal number by A. J. W ickland, '07, and a reading, "Out of Doors in Peru," by Miss Mears, ' 95. The program was concluded by appreciativ r emarks from Super intendent Crabtree. A social time and refreshments followd in the beautiful parl or.;; of the Temple. The new offi·cers for 1911-12 are : President, Miss Mayme J ackson, '03; vice president, Mr. Willia m McC:mnell , '05; secretary, M iss R uth Br own811, '1 2 ; tresurer, Mr. R. 0. J ackson, '10. Della Borst, '98, had a pleasant and in teresting year teach ing in A laska d .a-ing 1909-10. S!le was employd by the governmen t Indi an servs at Seldov ia, Alaska. Seldovia is located on Cook's In let, where the ocean steamer s take on passengers ::tnd fre igh t fo r Cook's Inlet and the interi or of A laska.


Agai n the offis of state super intendent of public instr uc ti on has fall en to one of our worthy Al umni . The many friends of Super intendent James E. Delzell cong ratulate h im on hi s good fort une, and feel that ther e is n o one in the state better qual i fid for the position. Super intend ent Delzell is a member of the class of '93. Dr. Dexter D. Ashley, ' 90, of New York City, has exhibited his usua l interest in his Alma Ma t er and writes that he does not want to miss r eceiving any of the number s of the Normalite. The Normal and old friends are proud of Dr. Ashley and are pleasd t o know that tho so far away and in such a busy life as hi s calling demands, he has so keen and deep an interest in Old Peru. We hope t o publi sh later an account \vritten by Dr. Ashley of the early military compa ny and the foot-ball boys of '87-'88. Mi ss L. Nemaha Clarke, '09', super_i nt endent of public instruction in Nemaha County, was in Peru one day recently. Miss Clark is a candidate for re-election. She is well qualified for the position, and has been an exceeding ly popular and s uccessful superintendent. D uring t he r ecent visit of the state board of education to Peru, President Crabtree of the River Falls, Wisconsin, State Normal School, gave an interesting paper on " The Women of the N. E. A." d ·J ring the chapel hour. Pres ident Crabtree's many fri ends always welcome him into our midst and the Normal Yell and chautauqua salute were given in his honor. Messrs. Frank J ennings, ' 11, Claude Hutch in3on, and 0 . L. Stephens, ' 11, of Fairbury, were in Peru to see the game between the Normal and the second University t eam. R~ssel Johnson, ' 11, principal of one of the ward schools o:f Auburn, was a]s) in Peru.




F. E. Morrow, '90, and Mrs. Morrow, 91, have enterd upon t heir third year at Central City, the former as superi ntendent and the latter as principal of t he high school. Mr. and Mrs. MotTOW with t heir youngest son vi sited Peru last summer after many years of work in the state. Miss Ida Rut ledge, ' 07, resignd her position in the Central City high schoo l at the end of the first month. Cupid did the work. Elliott D. Martin, '95, is supervising principal .of t he 'Li vermore, California, schools. He has a fine acre ranch on which he spends a part of his extra energy. During the summer, he with hi s wife and two small sons, Frank and Perry, had a delightful automobile trip over the greater part of California. He is the proud possessor of a ''Regal' ' car. Anna Church, '87, is having a plesant and profitable year studying at Oxford, England. Gordon Beck, '10, came down from Lincoln with the second Univers ity team, October 7, for a short visit with friends and parents.

Emma Marquat·d t , '05, ta ug-hl hislot·y and german in t he Minden high school last year and spent bel' s umme r vacat' on in Californi a. Anna Dow Ro llins , 'OfJ , wa<; m a n·i <:! d during t he summer to a DL Cla:·k 0f Nelig h, N ebraska. Lila French, '08, was marri ed at hm· home in Auburn, Nebras ka, OcLober 11, to Charles Rice of Scottsb luffs . They wi ll spend some time in Co lot·aclo, before locating in Scottsbluffs . H. Clyde F illey, '99, a nd M iss Creta Warner of R oca, were marri ed Octobet· 11 at the home of t he bride's pa r en ts. M;. F illey was graduat ed f rom t he U n~­ versity of N ebraska in ' 03, a nd took ht s M. A. degree in '11. H e is now a n adjunct professor in t he un.iversity school of Agr iculture. Mrs. Filley was form erly a studen t in t he Uniyers i ty of N ebraska and was graduated f r om t h e Art Institdte of Chicago in '10, They w ill be at home at 2537 S street, Linco ln , Nebraska· after November l. ' ' Hallie P ettiebone , '03, is teach ing this year in Salt L ake Cfty. She was a. successful teacher in the Osceola high school last year, but went west for he r mother's helth. She is d elig h ted w i t h the west and enjoys her w ork there.

Mr. and Mrs. T. S. VanVleet and ci:tildren, Beatrice and Axtell , who have been living for about four years at Los Angeles, California, have recently movd Augusta Eisenman, class of '02, was to a 1arge ranch at Moata, Nevada, granted the Bachelor of P hilosophy de· about midway between Los Angeles and gree by Chi cago University during t h e Salt Lake City. They are delig hted summer school. Specia l hon ors were with the country, scenery, water and conf erd with the degr ee f or general work. conditions in general, the climate being and efficiency in the German departs imilar to that of Southern Calif~n·n i a. ment. We r ejoi ce that Miss E isenman 's There are four fam ili es on t he ranch, earnest, hone3t, endevor h as receivd some of them eastern college graduates. some of the reward that it deservs. There are-ten children of school age, and J ohn E . Ray,' O ~ , ;s study ing la w at the· Mrs. VanVleet has consented to be the University thi s year. teacher. Mr. VanVleet was a member Mrs. Belle Strong D eeri ng , '05, is li vof the class of '93, and Mrs. VanVleet will be rememberd by her marry fr iends ing on a· ranch near Yuma, C_olor ado. as Bessie Majors of the class of '9L Miss. Lola Standley, '91, h as com-

- -·--



menced her t hird year of teachi ng at Chester, Nebraska. T . L. Richardson. 0"5, has mo,·ed to the far west and is now pri ncipal of a school near Tacoma, Washington. Ottawa J . Stand !ey, '94, is now located in Denver, Colorado, where he is president of the Denver Irrigatio!1 and Reser vo ir Co mpany. E lla P ettibone Browder, '02, has given up teaching for a plesant home at Albi on, Nebraska. Her two sma ll daug hters occupy t he greater part of her t ime. Charles Richardson, '98, is now located at St. Michaels, Alaska, where he has a good position as teacher of Indians at _ that place. Mr. R ichardson has fully recover d his helth and is enjoying his work. He was married in '07 to Miss Eda Ellerhusen of Chi cago. Supe rin tendent F. D. Brooks, 07 ' , of Guthrie, Okl ahoma, wi II be kept busy with seventy-nine teachers under his supervisi on, fifty wh ite and twenty-four colored ones. Guthrie is a growing town in a growing state, and we congratulate them on choosing Mr. Brooks as their superintendent . Vir g ini a Byerly, ' 08, who has been t eaching the past f ew years in the English department of the Nebraska City high school, resigned her position to accept a simil iar one in a townshi p high school in Tribune, I):ansas.


Louise Mears, '95, was in Auburn October 2, to attend a meeting of the stock holders of the N emaha County Bank. Florence K ite is teaching the rural school of District 64 this year. She fini sht out a term there last spring, and was elected this fa ll wib a good raise in salary. Estella Graham, '9.5, has sold her farm near Howe, Nebraska , and expects to locate permanently at Weatherford, Oklahoma. Florence Fairchild, '94, has left Nebraska, and is teaching this year at Bakersfield, Calif ornia. N ell ie Davidson, ' 09, who has been very ill in the Memorial H ospital, Omaha, is now at her home in Auburn. The class '09 as well as her many fr iends are glad to hear that she is regaining her former health . · Alice Lintz, ' 11, has f or some time been treatment for her eyes at a hospital in Omaha. F r iends will be g lad to hear that she is able to continue her work at J ohnson, Nebraska. Ruth Dav is and Zula Pembereton, '09, are teaching in the Seattle public schools. Miss Davis has the prima~:y work and Miss Pemberton the t hird and fourth g ardes. Ruth Moor e, ' 09, is pri ncipal of the Harrington building at Beatrice, Nebraska. F loy Hummel, ' 07, is t eaching her second year in t he second pri mary at Humbold t, Nebraska.

Paul Stoehr, ' 11, principal of the Imperi a l Schools, was t hreat end wit h typhoid and was compeld to r esig n his position. He is feeling much better now and may take up school work again this year.

Vesta Lively, '09, has commensd her third year as assistant principal at Dawson.

Miss Anna Martin, '09, sister of Superintendent Martin of Nebraska City, is teaching in the English department of t he N ebr aska City high school

Gladys Majors Gale, '07, and her small daughter, Cia ire Frances, of Bea trice, made a short visit in Peru r ec• ently.




Belle Bolejack, '10, is at her home this year and teaches a country school about three miles from Dawson. Ethel Hummel, '07, is spending her second year at the University, and wi ll receiv her diploma in June. Elmer Seeley, ' 09, candidate of the fusion party of Nuckolls County -for the superintendency of schools, was marr ied in Septemper to Miss Gladys Fair, of Hardy, Nebraska. Since graduation Mr. Seeley has held the superintendency of schools both at Stapleton and Hardy. Superintendent J. D. McMillen, _ '11, has organized an athletic associati on at Western, Nebraska, the first in the history of the school. George Blessing, now a resident of Auburn writes us that he is a subscr iber of the Normalite and is still loyal t o P eru . Both Mr. and Mrs. Blessing (Grace Tolhurst) were members of the class of ' 07 Mr. Blessing is a candidate f or the county superintendency of Nemaha county this fall. J essie A. Ranis, '09, is at present stennogTapher for the A. A. Cooper Milling Company, Humboldt, N ebraska. On October 14 he registered for a homested at Gregory South Dakota. Mr. Hari·is won for himself a host of friends while in the Normal and all wish him the best of success. .JI.

There are now 1530 members of our Alum ni Association. Among this number are many educators of prominence scatterd over various parts of this stat e and nation. A ll but thirty four of our members are living; seven~y percent are living in Nebraska and eighty percent of th is number are in the teaching profession; twenty percent of those teaching are holding college and normal professor-

ships, or arc supc ri nlcndenl~ of ciLy schools. Of this nJ.mbc r of gTaciualcs, 1168 have taught two years o r mure after graduation . The chi ef a im of lhc Alumni ,\sso<.:i at ion is to promote the wei fa re of Lhe school by loyal and enthus iastic su pporL. The plan of assisting g raduates in sec~tr­ ing good posi tions has not o nl y been successfu l here , but has attracted atte n t ion and praise from other stat es. The Alumni Association appo ints a secretary as manager and provides him with funds for carrying on the work. Each me mber pays a fee of fifty cen ts, whi ch is largely used in p lacing t each er s. Prof essor W. N . Delzell , ' 94, has been the efficient secretar y for a number of year s, and t o him much of the success of the pla n is due. The foll owing a re very encoUl·aging statistics to the Peru g rad uate: The average hig h schoo l salary paid in Nebraska to f our year uni versity accred ited high school t eache rs is sl ig h tly over $67 . 00; to three year acc r ed ited hig h school teacher s , slig htl y over $58.00; while the average salary to P eru graduates of the class of '11, who are located it. high school positi ons , is s lightly over $74 .00. .i'

Omaha Peru Club. The Peru Club in Lincoln has been of so much plesure and profit to t he P er u alumni and former students, that a s imilar one has been recently formed in Omaha . On October 20, at the invitation of Professor W. N. De lzell, '94, Secretary of the Peru Alumni Association, forty former students of the Peru Normal met in the parlors of the R ome h otel and organized the •"Omaha Peru Club." Professor Delzell acted as t e mporary chairman, and Miss Mary Fitch as temporary secretary. The fo llowing committ ee on constitution and by-laws was appointed : T. W. Blackburn, '78, Mrs.



Horn and Mrs. Agnes Jack Winkleman , ' 94, Judge Martin Langdon, '75, and Miss Hattie Pickard. ' 03. The fo llowing wi ll act as a specia l commi ttee at t he Peru banquet to be held No\¡cmbcr I-\ : l\[iss Ber tha Hanclryx, Miss J enni e l\l cDuwc ll, '06. .i\Iiss Tone Chappel l, ' (Hi , .i\T i:;s France.> H ales, '1 0 T. W. B lackburn, ' 78, and Judge Lang el n, ' 75. J. W. Mil ler, '01 , was elected president of the club. and l\Iiss Ber tha S:!hick, '09 . secretary. All are delig hted wi th the idea of the Omaha Peru Club and of the f uture treats in sto re fo r them. The first event of great importance w il l be t he Peru banq uet, on November 8, during¡ the N ebraska Sta te Teachers ' Associa ti on in Oma ha . Much credit and thanks are due to Professor De lzell both f or the formation of the Omaha Peru Club and the delig htful banquet t hat we may soon attend. Following is a list of those present a t the first meeting of the Club : Emma Blakely Mag uer, ' 97, 4823 Capitol Avenue. May Bamford H orn, '97, 4812 Dodge street. Agnes Jack Winkleman, '94, 815 N. 43d street. E li zabeth Bratt Baldwin, '97, 2814 J ackson street. Lilian Bamford, '97, 4812 D odg~ str eet. Eula Wester, '10, Papillion, Nebraska. Letty M. Eby, '07, 1908, Capital Avenue. Mary A . Fitch, ' 83, Hamilton Hotel, N o. 701. Frances Ha les, ' 10, 3415 North 24 th stree t. J ennie McDowell, '06, 3029 Manderson street. Orpha McKi trick, '05, 2214 Cap itol Avenue.


Verle W illiams, '06, 2509 Emmet s treet. l\Iinni e E . Hendryx, ' 04, 2624 Caldwel l street. l\Iabel Gormley, '09, 511 South 24 street. H ilda Wilke '09, 823 South 73 street. Edna Wilke '10, 823 South 73 street. E t hel Rogers, ' 06, 4340 Maple street. Ber t ha I. Schick, '09 , 511 South 24 street . Maude E. Shipherd, '98, 4811 Davenport street. l\Iabel Sh i pherd, '11, 4811 Davenport street. Edna Snell, '09 , Benson, Nebraska. Mami e Mosek, '09, 2tH 7 South 13 street. Rose Fi ola, '05, 2314 South 12 street. Lena McCulloug h, '09, 2609 North 22 street. Ma ble G. Elli ott, '95, 2023 Ohio street . l one Chappel, '06, 516 North 23 street. Martin Langdon, '75, 2126 North 34 street. J. W. Miller, '01, 4943 North 36 street. Edna Walroth, '04, 1824 Corby street. Cassie F. Roys, ' 00, 2609 Bristol street. Maude A Roys, '05, 2609 Bristol str eet. Dora Roys Gilbert, '00, 2605 Bristol street. Dora Davidson, '86, 2218 North 29 street. Eva G. Norton, '03, 4114 Cumings street. J. J. O'Connor , '73, 1022 Georiga avenue. T. W. Blackburn, '78, 409 Paxton block. Winnifred Dustin Bart, '05, 624 North 33 street. Hattie Pickard, 0' 3, 1017 North 34 str eet. E . H. Koch, '11, Papilli on, Nebraska.



N ebraska State Teach ers' A ssociation

Among the names on the program of the Nebraska State Teachers' Association to be held in Omaha, November 8, 9, 10, 1911, are a number of familiar names from the Peru Alumni Association. J . W. Woodard , '07, treasurer of the Association, Superintendent George E. Martin, Nebraska City, president of superintendents and principals meet ing, also for a talk, "Relation of Manual Arts to the General Curriculum." J. C. Mitchel, '07, principal of Hastings high school, paper on "Playground Movement for Girls." C. M. Penny, '07, a talk on, "Why do our Students Break Down with the Strain of Work?" Professor H . B . Duncanson, '86, President of the biological section. Miss Nemaha Clark, ' 09, secretary of the county superintendents' meetings. Dean E. L. Rouse, a discussion on ''What is a Professional Teach: er?" Professor Frank Reinsch, Lincoln, talk, " German in the Grades." Superintendent A. E. Hildebrand, ' 01, Hooper, "What the Grammar Grades may do in Agricultural and Industrial Work." Miss Virginia Byerly, '08, secratary of the literature department. Miss Bertha Henderson, Nebraska City, secretary of t he physical science dapartment. Arthur Gilbert, '10, Crete paper, "Physics in the High School. " Superintendent George P. McGrew, '08, Si lver Creek, "Economy in Science." Superintendent H. H. Reimund, '07, president and Olga Gereke, '09, secretary of the Northwestern District Association conference. Superintendent L. A. Quivey, '93, Cozad, presid .=m t of the West Central District Association conference.

Other Peru nam 1s on the prog ram are Dr. House, literature; Miss Ellis, history; Professor Whitenack, German, Professor Gregg, argumentation, high school, and biology.





The Ath leti c Association gave an upto-date play on Novembe r 4 . "Pink" and ' H on" offic iated at a hnsket ball game between the Geneva high school and the Crete hi g h se ho ul al Cr et e, Octobe r 20. The game was a r ea l contest, CTete winning by a score of 22 to 19. Gelwick coaches t he Ge neva t eam and Gilbert t he one from Crete. The official season record of t he Nebraska State L eag shows that Ward McDowe ll's batting average is .335. He was the best second baseman in the leag, fielding . 956. George S tevens, known to P eruv ians as ''Steve,'' fi e lded . 955, a nd was the leag's premier pitcher, winning eig hteen games and losing s ix, an average of . 750. ''Mac'' advances to Class B. We cannot say as to ' 'Steve' ' but we do know that he has great efficiency, having J.jrovd it. The g irls are trying out for b asket ball. Quite a number of asp irants have begun t o practis . M iss Curran seem s to be the only player of la st year who is trying out. The second team p layed t he Normals on October 14, after the N ebraska C ity boys canceld their game. "Ecker sall" and his squad gave the Normals some r eal lively f ootball. The score at the close of the game was 26 to 0 . These l ight, gritty players of t h e second t eam deserve favorable comment, be ing t he chaps t hat take t he knocks of t he firs t squad. More season t ickets h ave been sold this year than ever before. The student body made a showing by purchas ing three hundred. T he juniors held the hig hest percentage of purchasers.



The rornhuskers Freshmen Play.

Th e fi r sl f oolball game for P eru in 1912 resulted in a defeat, the score bei ng ll-0. T he Nor mals clearly out-played t he Un ivers ity Freshmen, but luck and we i2;h t pro\¡cl wi nning factors for the U ni versity . S ims, Lundy, and Renf ro d id well for Peru, whi le Beck and Allen stare! f J r t he v is itors. Af-te r fou r m in utes of play, Meyer broke thru left tackle fo r a forty yard r un a nd made a touchdown. The quarte r ended with a score of 5-0 and the ball in the Cor nh t:sktrs' terriror y. The second quar ter was a rc ;>etiti on of the latter part of the first. The ball was near the Un ivers ity goal. " P ink d id some fin e t ackl ing . In the third quarter the ball was push t dow n t he fi eld to within striking d istance of a touchdown, when Halligan g ra bd_ a n attempted forward pass and raced one h undred yards down a n open fi eld and made a t ouchdown. The goal was ki ckt, making the score 11 to 0.. Peru could have drop kickt a number of times during t he game but to ti e t he game or win touchdowns were needed. The fourth -quarter was hard fought but no change of score was made. Line up. Normals Second Univer sity Schott Ander son L . E. Meyer L. T. Shaver (capta in) N ippert Fouts L . G. Gifford C. Allen Mcwhirter Fouts R. G. Lundy Pitts R. T. Ralst on, Beck Mastin R. E. S nyder Gallantly Q. Sims Beck R. H. Ludka Halligan (captain) F. B. Renfro Hawkins L. H. Creigh ton and Officials- Vace k of Magor of Nebraska.

Doane defeats P eru .

Fifteen men journeyd with Coach Thacker to Crete, October 20, to meet the Doane T igers. The score of 41-0 in Doane's favor came as a surprise. The T; gers outplayd t he Normals , who fo ug ht hard. The Normals receivd and star ted like wh irlwind-s, gaining five yads at a down until within twenty yards of Doane's goal when a fumble lost the ball and Doane waded thru Peru the r est of the game. The Tigers are heavy and fast and can run a strong interference. Lundy did excellent work for Per u, gaining when carrying the ball and tackli ng wel l. Shaver worked admirably, and Renrfo' s punt ing was above par if one considers a ll t he difficulties. Kretisnger and Kor a b gaind consistently for Doane, and Wi lkinson, the speedy quarter, drop kickt two pretty goals. Adams at center, chargd effectively. Doane will undoubtedly run some one a hard nice for the pennant. Line up : Doane Normals Rice, Moorman L.E. Meyer , Tyson, Beck Iqng L.T. Shaver (captain) Mickle L.G. Nippert Adams C. Christenson Balis R.G. Mewhirter, Schott Bronsc.n (captain) R. T. Gifford R.E. J ones Di ckenson Q. Renfro Wi lkenson !Cretsinger Sims R.H. Gobble Lundy F. B. Korab, Higbee L.H. Ludka, Ralston Referee, Elli ott of Nebraska; . umpire, A1 n Jld of Doaen.

Our Foot Ball Slogan:

"Delenda est Kearney."




N ORMA LITE P e ru , Nebras k a

A Monthly Magazine Publish! in the Interest of Education

Published by the State Normal School Subscription 75 cents per year. Single copy JO cents Adverthing rates furnish ed on applica tion Enterd at tbc Postomcc a t I'e r·u. l'icbms l<a, as second <.:lass matter

EDITORIAL STAFF G. S. Hansen '12 ....................... Edito r in -chief Charlo t te Cooley '1 2 ...... ....... A s ~ oc i a te Ed it o r J. W. Wear J r. '14, ....... ........ Bu si ne~!' Nl a na g cr

DEPARTMEN T EDITORS Mary E Tynon '98, ........................... .. . Aiumni Merle Swan '12, ............. ......................... Class Mat tha Greenlee '12 ................... .......Society Charles Lively ' 13 ...................................... Ciu b :vlabel Swanson ' 12 ............................ Religious Grace T iech ' ! :-! ... ............... : ..................... Music E. C. Beck ' 12 .................................... Athletic

BOARD OF MANAGERS F. M. Gregg .......................................... Faculty .......... .... ....... ................. G ra du ates Ray Lundy ' 1 2 ........... ......................... .. .Sen io r Frank Ellenberger ' 13 ............................ .. ] un io r Bessie Ar mst:ror.g .......... ................... ...... Tra iner Cassius Kennedy ' 14 ............ ...... ...... Sophomo re Vern Chatelain ,15.................... .. ...... Fresh man H. D. )..!ar t in ................................. Preparatory Catherine Greenlee ' 1 2 ........... ............ .... Everett E. C. Beck '12 ...... ... ..................... Ph ilo mathcan Wro. Roettger ' 13 ............. .. ............ Y. M. C. A. ........................ Y. W. C . A. '~ e rtrude S ughrue ' 13 ......... .......... ..... N. C. C. A

~.tsy M . Sm ith ...... ... ........... ... .. . Dramatic Club I la ze! T a ylo r ' 13 ... ...... ... .................. La t in C lub Ebba Wa h ls tro m ' 12 ....... ............. Germ a n Clu b R. C. Reck '12 .. .... ...... ........ Athlet ic Associa tion C hester Darro w ........ .................... .. Ciceronian

The Normalite is t he mirror of t he student body and t he Alumn i . It wi ll therefore reflect the ideals a nd s tand a rds that preva i I among us. So if this pub li ca ti on is t o g ive to its readers hig h ideals and lof ty sta ncla rds of scholarship a nd cond uct, how necessary it is f or us to be " ta ll, suncrowned men, who I i ve above l he fog in public d uty and pr ivate th ink ing .'' Especially sJo we urge a broad , gener ous spirit to be in evidenc'3 in a ll con tests. Let us not st oop t o pe t ty qua rre li ng a nd fool ish, senseless remar ks, but ra t her take the h igher view point. In a contest between two schoo ls , but one can win . · If we are · victori ous, let us remember who gave to us the opportunity of being victors. W it ho ut t he other team such horyor could not have Anyone can b e optim istic been ours. and generous in the hour of tr iumph, but it doesnot necessaril y r epr esent intel lect, moral power, or char acter. But to be a g ood loser requ ir es a g r eat amount of a ll t hree. Le t u s de monstrate that we possess t hi s power , remembering that when a man ca n die happily t her e is always hope of r esurrect ion.

The d iscussion of athleti cs as a form of education is an ever interesting t opic . The theme attracts us because it names an important phase of t he work we have chosen in coming to P eru. The physical training of men and women is.not purposcl merely for bodilY development, but rather for moral cu lture. We hold as our ideal, not a game with a large score in our favor, but a game won or lost by clean p layi ng. We expect our athletes to b e of such char acter t hat we may point w it h pride to a nY one of them and say, "He is a Peru student. '' Self control and cooperati v work are



two of li fe' s valuable les..,·ms. which may be learnd on l!w fi e ld . P 0rsonal d isti ncion must b ~' saerifit'l'd fnr team honors. While we are in sc:1 Jo l. all of us cannot t ake pr.r t in the ::ctual c ·m~cst. but eve ry On.! n:<1y b.! of sen·is. It Ins b~e n said thal. ot!1er things bei ng equal, the tc .1m wi t~1 a crowd cheer ing it on , w:ns the g-ame . L et us r em ember , then , th:1t t he w inning of a game de pends as m uch upon the cr owded side li nes as upon the playe rs . B. S . Rad er.

Movin g Pictures in Education .


(b) Ocean life on Steamer. (c) Views frJm aeroplanes and odd modes of travel. (J). Touring; Alps, canyons, Congo. Art: (a) Panoramic trips thru noted m useums, parks and cities. (b) Cons~ruction of paintings, sculptures, tapestries, build ings. An ni versari es; la) Parades. coronations, Mardi Gras, Veiled Prophet. Drama : (a) Classic plays · by noted casts. Athletic : (a) Field spocls, ball games, r owi ng, races, dri lis, exercises. Professor F. K. Starr, Chicago, ex~ pr::sses his appreciation of the educational value of the moving pictul"e in t he f ollowing passage: I have seen Niagara thunder over her gorge in the noblest frenz y ever beheld by men. I have watcht a Queensland river und er t he white light of an Australian moon go swirl ing a nd whirling t hr u s trange islands lur king with bandicoot and ka ngar oo. I know how t he Chi naman lives, and I have been thru the homes of the Japanese. I have marveld at the daring of Alp ine toboggani sts and admired the wonderful skill of the Norwegian Ski-jumpers. I have seen ar mies upon the battle field and their r eturn in triumph. No books have taught me t hese wonderful things; no lectur er has pictur ed them; I simply dr opt into a moving picture theatre at var ious moments of leisure and have learnd mo1:e than travelers could see at the cost of t housands of dollars and years of j ourney.

Mill ions daily s it en t r anced before the c inematorgaph ic screen, when t he ir attention, wi t h hardl y an effort o n t he ir part, is not o nly at.tracted but even held for a comparatively long t ime . Of th ese millions many arc sc!-lo::> l boys and gi rls. The schools of Nebraska s hould avail themselves of t he opport~m i ty offerd in ma ny towns of utili z ing the m oving picture fo r the presenting of instruc t ion in subjects vital to soci e ty. By schools cooperat ing with the management of moving picture theaters, instructiv as well as entertaining pi ctur es could be g iven. The fo llowing is a program that George L. Voorhies of the Chi cago Princ ipals' Club gives in the P edagogical S eminary: Industrials: (a ) Food; e. g., Wheat, harvesti ng, millin 5, ba:-:ing . (b) Cloth ing; e. g . , Cotton; picking, gi nning , weavi ng. (c) Shelter; L umber; log gi ng, milling, building. (d) Transportation; Railroads; survey ing, ld ing, running. Nature: (a) Plant growth; seed, plant, On account of the pressure of advertisflower, fruit. (b) Anima ls; egg, em- ing and the necessity of getting the Norbryo, infant, adu lt, adult activit:es; fish malite out early, the readi ng matter has hatcheri es, ostrich farms; e tc. (c) M i n- been made somewhat brief. This brevierals: e. g., I ron mines, smelting, s teel ty, however, will be made up in t he next mills. iss·1e and our readers may look forward Trave ls: (a) Scen ic country from train. t o a larger magazine next month.



Can I Afford to go W <~.lkin~ with Jolin? By Prof. L. B. Olmst ead. I


Aque3ti on which confronts every earnest student is that of getting the max imum good from the year' s work here at the Normal. To this end every student shonlg sit down wi th paper and pen and write out his esti mate of t he relati v val- · 1Je of every school activity that is calling for his thot and energy He should decide just how many of these acti viti es should have a place in his weekly prog ram, and just what port ion of his time .he can spend on each with the grea test benefit to himself. Should any time be g iven b a thletics aifnd other forms of physical recreation ? so, what athletic r ecreation and how ~uch t ime ? Some students appear t o g1Ve more time and attention t o athleti cs t!:Jan t o their studies, but a great er number neglect their physical well being f or other interests ; but what profiteth it a st udent if he gain t he whole world of knowledge and lose his own helth ? Each s~dent, then, ·should spend sufficient tJ . h . · me m P YSica] recreation to keephis body a fit -~welling place f or a keen mind ." It is not t o b Is . ·mterest t o give less certamly . time to this matter. Is it t o his advantage to g ive more t han the sufficient amount ? So put on your paper the kind an? a~ount of physical recreation you t hmk It to your best interest t o take . What ti me shall be given t o social act ivities? Is it to my best interests as a p: ospective teacher t o join a literary so~Jet~ and spend my time in participating In Its programs? What time have I f or class parties and other similar social fun~ti ons? The young woman should decide ho:n much time she can most profitably spend with her · g irl friends and her gentlemen friends as well. Any young man has similar questi ons to solve. Put t he solutions of t hese pr oblems on yo ur paper .

What sha ll I do a bou t the many other at tractions Per u has to offct· ? Sha ll I join a club or seve ra l clubs? Sh a ll I take par t in debat ing , chot·us, p: lee club, band , or orchestra ? H ow much Lime have I fo r read ing gene ral I i Lct·ature novels, current per iod icals , a nd newspa pers? Put on your pape r t he r e lat iv va lue of t hes e t hings as t hey affect yo ur time. Ther e are many studc nLs who p;i ve no time to r e ligious wor k . T hey sh ou ld re me mber t ha t in t he comm ·.m i ty in wh ich t hey are soon to be ca ld to t ea ch , they wfll be expect ed to take s ome pat·t in its r elig ious work. If t hey are t o b eco me leaders in the commun i t:y they mus t nee~ essarily have a part in it s r e li g ious acti vity, and they, t her efor e , cannot a fford t o miss t hat par t of the ir tra in i ng· wh il e her e in school, f or t hat r eason a lone. And this i s · b u t one of ma ny r easons. How much t ime can m ost pro fi tably be spent in the Y. M . C. A . , Y . W . C. A ., N. C. C. A. or church act iv it ies, w hile in P eru? N ow yo u have on yo ur paper before yo u, a r ecord of all t he t i me to b e a llott ed t o these vari ous school activ iti es. · Add the co 1umn. H ow much time I·s left f or study ? Is t h ere at least an hour and a half each day f or the prepara t ion of each lesson, w it h an ~xtra h a lf hour f or the hardest one? Some students seem t o f eel that their entire time should be spent in study, and others , u nconsciously, perhaps, are liv ing by the motto, " Don't let your stud ies i nterfere with your college course." Neit her ext r eme is rig ht or jus tifiable . The informational value of yo ur stud ies d oes not demand your entire t ime , but it m u st be admitted that t hey are en titled to t he major part of it. So, r eadjust your time schedule, if necessar y , t o make your studies the chi ef, b ut n ot t h e onlY aim of your year 's work. I t may be necessary t o omi t some of the activ it ies




in whi ch you would like t o h aVf~ a par t . but your lessons ough t not to be neglected because J ohn wants yo u to go walking wit h him , or Mary wants you to come over and make fudge. Conser vation ists tell us th~t time is one of our most valua ble assets and should not be sq ua ndcrd aimlessly. So let us g ive a few moments ser ious t hot t o th is eva luat ion of our d ifferent school activities, and endevor to see t hem in their true perspectiv. Then by choosing properly t he th ings that wi 11 make us well r ounded men a nd women w ith pW'e, keen; wholesome minds in helthy bodi es, we may hope t o ga in the max imum good f rom our year' s work.

A N ew Move. F or some time i t has been r ecognizd by t he differ ent science inter ests of the school t ha t it wo uld be an advantage to a ll if a confede ration of t he science orag nizations could be .f or md so that each depa rtment m ig h t get t he bredth t hat comes from t he di ffer ent interests so coa lesced. As a result of t hi s sentiment, a conference of t he instr uctor s in the various science departments, biolog ical, physical, physiological ; ag r icultW'al and domestic, r esulted in the formati on of a plan in accord w ith t hi s idea. The plan f ormally adopted and ina ug urated is as follows : 1. .That a confederation of the various science or ga nizations, Biolog ical Seminar, P hysical Science Conference, Agr icultural and Domest ic Science Clubs, be¡ f ormd and ca~d ''The Science Conference''. 2. That an applicant to qualif y f or member ship in this organiza tion must be a member of one of t he regular science societies . . 3 That this org~niza ti on meet every Monday evening alternat ing with the

meetings of the depar t ment societ ies which it confederates. 4. That the officers consist of a pr esident, vice-president, tr esm er and critic, to be elected by q ualified members of t he Associa ti on. 5. That these officer s are to be nominated by a senate consisting of the adviser and one student repr esentativ f rom each subordinate society. It is provided t hat t here shall be three nominees f or each offis. 6. That ten cents per semester const it ute the membership dues of t he Association. Aside fr om ¡ bring ing the departments concernd together and g iving students spceia lizing in science opportunity f or closer ~cqua i ntance with all phases of science, t he confederation is found to solve other d ifficulties t hat have heretof or e been a source of annoyance. One of the ch ief of t hese is that throwing the meetings of all t he sub-societies"upon the same evening of the week prevents stu dents dissipating their t ime and energies by g iving too¡ much at tention to several inter ests. Thus students who become member~ can be depended upon to act with g reater interest.


R~ I i g i 0 u s . II Y. W . C. A. Frances Willard Blake.

That ther e is an unusua l spir it of earnestness and searching after the better t hi ngs of lif e predominat ing among our young people this year, is plainly man if ested by the Bible study statist ics g iven below, which are t he result of the work done by Mi ss Mabel Swanson and her efficient co-wor kers. We ar e j ustly proud . of this showi ng and glad that so many of our g irls feel the need of being as well infor md in Bibi cal knowledge as

Try "Variety Store'' First Because It


Hi story Paper. Note Book Covers, Tablets, Inks, Pencils.

Note Book

Rings ,

POST CARDS- Comic, Birthday and Vi ews of a ll kinds.



2nd Door North of the P. 0 . Who Dosen ' t Adm ir e

Fresh Frag ra nt Flowers

• •• •••• •• • Nobody that we know of

More Than Two Million o f t he best d ressed women in America wear SAHLIN because; It's stylis h to start w it h , and g ives ' t he wearer a realizat ion o f what per · fee t development w it h perfect co mfort actually means. We g-u orantee t hat it w ill satisfv you. Prices fro m $ 1. 50 u p to $5.00 each . We have exclusive lsale.

WEINLANDER & SMITH 317 So. 16 S t., O,\I AHA

We know yo u cannot fai I t o enjoy a v is it t o ou r Store a nd Green H ouses.

Ii Y o ti Require

FLOWERS for any f unct ion or f et e

Flowe r s

we sha ll be happy t o su p ply the flowers or t o t ake


G. E. Berthold

full charg_e of the floral arrangements.


G. E. Berthold

lr! W. Wright

U p-to-Dat e F lorist

Phone 124


Bell 329 Ind. 404





in any line of their actual school work. Out . of four hundred gi rls e m¡old in the schoo l there are mor e t han 250 working in some kind of Bibl e study work at the various churches in town. One of the ma ny f unctions of the Young Wome ns ' Chri sti an Association is to make daily I i ,.i ng better and more practical. To Lhi s end our Associa t ion has arranged to offer thi s year at the Sunday meetings a seri es of L ectures on practical subjects, such as manners, mor als, soc ial forms, sex and hygiene. On October .29, Mi ss Kathe rine Woods g ave the first of these talks on "The Courtesies of Eve ryday Life ." The subject was not g eneralizd upon, but rather directly treated a nd made to apply to s peci fie and definit cases. That the g irls appreciated this frank sta tement of cond it ions, and fe lt that they be nefitted in a permanent and practical way, showd itself as they rose in a b ody at the s uggestion of Miss Snover, who was presiding, and heartily and unanimously thankt Miss Woods ior what she had done. The educati on of no individual is complete w : thout cultu ral development; and the one who c'o nsiders t his unimportant and unnecessary will find h imself poorly prapared for real li ving. .;J.

Y. M. C. A . W. D. Roettger. The meeting of the Y. M. C. A. fo r October 8, was a most interesting one. It was led by our very able coach, Mr. T hacker. The line of thot was, "How a Young Man can best Exe rt his Energy." Mr. Thacker brot back to us the thot t hat many of t he g reat conflicts, either on the athletic field or on the battle field, were won thru the prayer offerd perhaps by the captain. He emphasizd the fact of the amount of good work which (!an be done by a school if all of its

young men were Y. M. C.


worl er.>.

One of the rousing times in the h isto ry of theY. M. C. A. was conducted in the form of a contest which was begu n at noon October 12, and lasted till t he following Saturday noon. The Y. M. was divided into two equal parts, under the captainships of Mr. Noel Tyson and Mr. Charles L ively. During the time given the <'Ontest ¡ ragd hot and bevy, each side trying to be the guest of honor at the oyster and bean feed which had been pland for the Saturday n ight following the contest. At the end of t he contest it was f ound that Lively had twenty-five followers, and Tyson only twenty-two, thus g iving the honors to Li vely, whose side was entertaind by the losing si de. We feel very grateful to Mr. "Wab" Ralston for the fine oyster soup which he prepard.

N . C. C. A. Gertrude Sughrue. On Sunday morning, October 8, Rev. Father Dowd conducted mass at Mrs. Jack's r esidence. His sermon was very interesting and was appreciated by all who heard it. Father Dowd announces that hereafter we shall have mass here every third Sunday. Thi s announcement was rece ivd with much plesure, as it is an advantage wh ich. Peru students have not enjoyd hel'etofore. Miss Francis Kelley, a member of the N. C. C. A. , went home Friday even ing, October 21, for a visit with relatives over Sunday, returning Monday morning. Sunday, October 29, being the day of our regular visit from Father Dowd, mass was celebrated at t en o'clock at the residence of Mrs. Jack. The sermon on "How we Should p ve," was both inspiring a nd helpful.



II Witb tb~ ~lass~s

NORMALITE foll owing Seni ors : H a rley S have r , Ward E. l;J ipper t, Ly nn G iffor d , H e nry Schott , M. P. Re nfro, Ray L u ndy, and Roy Ralston.


Senior Notes.

Mae Fudge. Margaret Wilson recently enjoyd visit from her father.


Miss Gates, of Scotts Bluff!', enterd the Senior class the second week. of October. Mae Miller visited in Falls City from October· 20 till the fo-llowing Monday. As a result of having been mis take n for a member of the faculty, the dignity of the senior president has been considerably increast. Professor Delzell, ou r adviser, made a business trip to Omaha, October 20. . Several members of t his year' s class mtend to continue the ir education in other institutions next year. The demand for more effici ent teachers seems to have been heeded by the seniors as indicated by the fact t hat so large a number are taking some special line of work. The State Teachers' Association will be attended by an unusually large number of seniors. A few will remain in P:ru during the vacation, whi le others will go to their homes. At a special meeting of the class it was decided to have' a Peruvia n board of managers. This board consists of the class tresurer , the publishing manager 1 a nd t he advertising manager. The third week in October finds the seniors that teach in the grades anx iously awaiting their assignments in the train ing school f or t he second quarter. The fir st quar ter closes Tuesday, November 7. The Per u State Normal foot ball t eam has numberd among its members t he

Mr. El le nbe rger adv isee; t hat a ll seniQrs carefu lly r ead the ir pla ns before subm i tting them to the t 1·a ining t eache rs . The re is da ng e r of fi I i ng u nnecessary mate r ia l and ex tre me ly e mba rrassing s itua t ions may resu lt. At chape l, Wednesday, Octobe r 25, two committees wer e a ppo inted. One is to arrange f or the d evot iona l exer c isEs at these m eetings, and t he other is t o plan t he soc ial eve nts of t he year. T he latter committee has been ins tructed t o make arra nge ments f or a Ha l lowe" e n party. N earl y •a ll of the r ecent sepa rate chapel peri ods have bee n devoted t o t he e lect ion of the per sons who are to e d it tr.e 1912 P eruvian. The earnest a nd unti ring efforts of the nominating commi ttee are responsible for the fact that so competent a corps of workers has been chose n. , The fol low ing persons constitute t he staff thus far: C. A . An derson, editorin-chief; Mae Miller, Grace Miller and Maude Berry, associate e ditors ; E. C. Beck, publi3hing manager; Harley Shaver, subscription manager; W ard N ippert, assistant subscription manager; M. P. Renf ro, advertis ing manag er ; Percy Lapp, assistan t advertising manager; S. J . Ellenberg er and Ogda Magnusson, calendar ed itors ; Sara J ewell, view photographer; Sanford Clements , class p hotographer.

J uniot

C la ss.

Sadye E. Jones. The Junior class has now been organized completely and is a ll r edy for work. The new officers have a lr edy

THE shown grea t t hi s to b e the

enthu ~ ias m gTLatc ~ t



and we expect yulr ye t.

On account of lhc f a c t that the chairs nave been re mO\·ccJ from t he balcony of the gymnas iu m. the Juni ors were ob lig ed to hold the ir class chape l in the D ramat ic Cluh room'> on Wednesday, October 18, and aL;o on Oc tober 25. We like t he change, and hope we may be permitted from now on to conlin~1e om· class chape l in thi s room. A ~ tar t l ing bit oJ infor mati on \\as imparted to the teacher and me mbers of the zoo logy cl ass last week, when Miss Ort i nformd them that certain worms ha ve the ir habitat in "damp wate1·." The J uniors arc proud to know t hat :they reac~1t the high est percent in selling footba ll tickets; they a re n ow awaiting the five dollar pri ze that is to be awa rded them. We understand that M iss Thornton feels gTeatly relievd s ince re.ceiv ing the i nformation that there is a clear a nd exa ct distinction between psychology a nd the " hart ake. " One of o-ur Juniors, Mr. Snyder , after severa l days i llncss, left for hi s home in Traverse City, Michigan, October ·14. We regr e tted ver y m:.~ch to have him lea ve o ~1r class, as he was one of t he most valuable members of the foot bal1 tea m, and was p opular with hi s classmates. P rofessor J ean led the devoti on al exerc ises of the Juni or class chapel, October 25.

e:-..-pect to haYe some rousing good songs and yells within a shor t t ime to make it inter esting- f or the rest of the classes in chape l. These songs and ye lls wi II be original, and not taken from .the "Pr oclamati on of the Seni ors. " Prof essor Hendricks. our class adviser, attended the Nemaha County Sunday School Convention in Auburn, October 25 and 26. To make our chapel more interesting, our pt·esident has selected a n entertainmen t comm it tee to prepare a program for each ·Wednesday. T hose on the comm ittee a re : Mr. Christenson, chairman, Mr. Wickland, Misses Williams, Hendricks, and Blackman.


Inasmuch as our H eavenly Father in his infinite wisdom has cald from t his ear t hly home t he fa ther and other dear ones of our classmate, Miss Flol'ence Peti·ing, we, the members of the junior Class of t he Nebraska State Normal School, pass. the fo llowing resolutions : Resolved, That we extend to our \ fri end, Miss Petri ng, and to the other members of her famil y, our sincere sympathy in their sor row. Resolved, That we, recognizing in our Father an ever present help, do commend tbem to hi m for consolati on. Resolved , That a copy of these. r esolutions be sent to the papers of Nebraska 'City and Peru, and to tht;l N ormal ite. .;).

At our last clas3 meeting a new comPrepa ra tory Class. mit tee of e ight was se lected by the presHalbert Martin. 1dent, Il:r. Tyson, to make some new The next t ime the preparatory g irls · ~ongs and yells f or the J unior class. a re entertaind, they should. get dismist Those on t he commi t tee a r e : Mr . R ouse, chairman, Messrs. El le nberger , Wh it- before 10 p. m. , (especially those who :fie ld, Ramsey and M isses Aileen Wri g ht, ·stay at the dormitory. Ort, Edith Cornel l, and Anderson. We Miss Sadie J ones has r etm·nd to



school after an absence of two weeks. We are glad to have her in class again. The Misses Wileman were cald home to attend the funeral of a fri end. We hope they will be back soon. Our class leader, Mr. Weeks, went to attend the Nemaha County Sunday School Convention, October 24 and 25



. Our class charterd a special car of the C. B. & Q. railroad, Saturday Octob 21, and visited th . ' er .d. e coal mme near Wood S1 mg On a · · · rnvmg we were directed bY our advisor p f · ' ro essor Weeks to th :~:cnt coOw path which led to ;ur desti~ nour way we stope near a creek ·f . or our dinne . fte proceeded . r, a r whtch we on our journey to th . Here our wi . e mme. places of se advlser pointed out the greatest inte t w e then climbd th h' res · several ~-t·lll above the mine where By this t· 1 tons were made for pictures. .. tme the car was and we 11 wattmg for us day hada b came borne feeling that the spent. een profitably and plesantly .;1-

T 1 aincr Class.

Bessie . Armstrong. The trainers have I as follows : Hazel ~ ected ~lass officer s e, President; Welden Tharp . tresurer; N:~:~~ident; Lloyd Gr imes, ong, secretary . The class 1 white. coors are cardinal and The class re ets Birdi e Robin gr the loss of Miss son, who has left school. . The Trainers are stud . g reatest ar tists d . Ymg some of the of work is take an _smgers. This line n up 1n the separate chapel periods. Miss Hazel Frye : \ent Sunday, October 22 , a t her home, The Trainers had a H a 1lowe' en party , October 26.

High School. Rache l Rade r . October 4 . t he te nth grade elected t he M ilton following officers f or t he year: Blanke nshi p , p r eside n t; Marguel"i te Moulto n, vice pr esiden t; Margnxet Ralston, secretary ; Or v ill e Ra lston , t rest:rer ; Ernest Overton , sergea n t-a t-a rms. On the second Wed nesday of October, a meeting was held by the nin th g rade, pres ident; Victor J ones was e lected Walter Christenson, v ice p reside n t ; Edna ,Sims, secr e tary; Mar gare t Jones, tresurer; a nd Lester Dil lon, ser geantat-arms. Wednesday morning chapel was led by Milton Blanke nship. L a ura Mackpra ng gave a v iolin solo, and Ma r gar et Rals ton a vocal solo. Lula Anderson was cald h om e because of the illness of her gra ndfather . The tenth grade held a b rekfast in the woods, Saturday, Octob er 7. TheY left town a t 6 :30 and retur ne d a t 9 :00, after spending a very plesant time . Mrs. Shellhorn and Mr. Ba rnes were vis itors in the hig h school, W ednesday, October 18. Francis Cooper, who· has just rece nt lY r ecoverd from typhoid f ever, h as b een compeld to drop his work b ecause of his helth. The ninth grade he ld a suppe r in t he woods, October 28. Wednesday, October 25 , Victor Jones led chapel. The foll owing s hort program was given: Piano Duet, K a therine Shellhorn and E va Dillon; clarione t solo by Lester Dillon, and a vocal solo bY Margaret Jones. Bryan Emmert, brother of Wilber, is enrold in the ninth g r a de . Hi s h ome is in South Dakota.



Soci~ti~s Philomathean

Freda Peterson. An interesti ng footba ll program was given October 6. This is the first of its kind ever given in our soc iety. The main featm¡e of the evening was a footb ::tll contest between Barney and Br own ville , the game being presen ted as it will be p la:; d in 1950 . Our membenh ip is ever increasing ; if it contin ues to grow we shall have to

increase the s ize of t he hall. A pl ay will be given at the end of this semester . Following is the prorgam given Friday, No.Yember 3 : Piano Solo Clarence Howie Vocal S )lo Mrs. H omer House Appreciation of M us ic Miss Clar k Music Brass Quartet Musical Reading Miss Glasgow Violin Solo Profess:>r Loeb Music M ixt Quartet Poster Sale. On Friday evening, October 27, on e of the most unique program3 of the year was conducted in the gymnasium in the form of a Hallowe'en party. Every one, who came maskt, enjoyed a most piesant t ime . The various f ortune t elling booths were p opular ; the w itches dance provd t o be a m ost winning f eature on the program. Every one had the opportunity t o visit the coming eternity. Hades was excellen t, and many decided t o make that the ir fllture dwelling place. H even was most elaborately d ecorat ed , and here th e little fairies servd refreshmen ts. The most striking feature here was the "Bridal Pair," and none who saw them will forget the superb adornments worn.


Everett literary Society.

Chester barrow. Our society is g iving some delightful programs. The following are our more r ecen t ones : October 6. Mrs. H owie Vocal Solo Miss Snowden Reading Lester Dillon Clarinet Splo . Tom Thumb (German) Professor Whitenack Jessie Snover Piano Solo Opal Lintz Original S tory Piano Duet Gladys Taylor and Rowena Branaman buring the evening. the men from the university, who ou the next day were to meet our boys on the foot ball field, came in. T wo, Captain Halligan and Gordon Beck, on our invitat ion talkt about t he coming game. It will be r ememberd that Mr. Beck is one of our past presidents. Mr. Best, another former Ever ett, spoke briefly on the subject , "The Loyalty which we 0 Ne our Society." October 13. Piano Solo H aze Frye Sara Jewell Essay (original) Josephine Giltner Reading Vocal Solo Professor House Address Coach Thacker Pantomi me "A Flirtatious Daughter" H. H. Moyer, Helen Osbourn, Mamie Houser, Frank Ellenberger , Carl Overton, James Dorsey, Harley Shaver and Ray Lundy. Th is little pantomime was an amus ing representation of t he unplesant situation caused by the many 'suitors of a certain young lady visiting her on the same evening. October 23. Violin Solo Ruth Mahler Reading Miss Smith Piano Duett Martha Greenlee, Catherine Greenlee Professor Hendricks Address Vocal Solo Miss Griffin Piano Solo Rena Keith Jokes May Sh ively




II musi~ D~partm~nt II Grayce C. Tei ::h. The Glee Club has un:ler taken a very ambiti ous chorus this mont h, entitled, "The Viking's Farawell, " by J ohn H. Knowles. Althoug h the expendi ture of a gr eat amount "of energy and patience will be necessary before t his can be successfully presented, yet the club feels that t he selection is well wort hy of its best effor ts. The boys are a lso working on a charming li ttle lullaby by Albert W. Noll , entit led "Doan Ye Cry, Ma Honey," and two ot her songs of a d ifferent nature, "Marching, " by H. Trot ere, and " Creole Love Song, " by F. H. Smith. Music lovers of Peru shou ld consider themselves very fortunate indeed t o have wit h them this year t he House Quartet, ~~si sting of first tenor, Mr. L. A. H Ickland, second t enor , Professor Ross ouse, first bass, Dr. House and second bass,. Mr. C. A. Anderson. Thrs quartet I S now registerd with the Nati onal Lyceum Bureau at Lincoln, Nebraska, under the name of the House q uartet of the Per u Stat e NormaL Any of our · · readers des1rmg any information or wishing t o secure t his quartet should communicate with t his bureau. The students who are taking public school music as a five point elective subject, are helping the Norma l School cl.asses. . Vatious classes of about s ix pup!ls haVlng about t he same rela t iv deg ree of abi lity ai·e oragn izd and assis tants traind t o g ive t he members of t hese classes individual instruction. The voice of each student in t his work has been t est ed a nd classifid and it is t o be hopt t hat next semest er each person will be able to r egist er in a class of exactly t he rig ht g rade. Any one who expects to teach mus ic should .know i t in its enti ty.

II [ocal ar.d P~rs(' na--'-111:..Pe r cy L a :Jp . Mr. J . M. Ho w ie ' s ll11J Lh c 1· f r om B loom:leld, Iowa , s pent t he nv m th of Oct ober with h im .


t he morn ing of Oc Lo be r 2 :~. the st udents of the N orma l e nj .l.n l a shor t but ve ry ab le address by 'ha nce l lor Oschgar of Cotner un i ve rs i ty , o n t he su bj ect " Power. " ' Professors H ayes a nd Wee ks seem to enjoy "d uck h un t ing" a nd the d ucks don' t seem to m ind i t . The fo llow ing membe rs of the facu lty have been cald u pon t o a ss is t in county teachers associations : Professo r Ro use, Lodgepo le, Octob er 21; P r of essor H o use, Fa ll s City, Octobe r 24; a nd P rofessor Gregg at F a irbu ry, October 28. During t he chapel hour, Oc tob e r 24, P rofesor H oyt dis cus t the co me ts . H is tal k was very inst ructiv a nd en t e rta ining . We are a lways sure of a treat when P rofessor H oy t speaks t o u s. T he Peru s tate N ormal is now offering extension courses. T hose i nte r es t ed in any line of edJcational work may ob tain info rmation in r egard t o same by ma il , by addres3ing the regis trar , P er u S tate Normal School, P eru, N ebraska. Miss T homas, f r om Wash ing t on , wh ile visiting Mrs. Net tlet on , gave a n excellent readi~g in chapel which was ver y much enj oyd by a ll. · T he prece d ing evening , Mi ss T homas was t he g uest of t he Dramat ic Club in t he new expr ess}on roo m over the library . T he State Board of E ducat i on m et in t he adJ11inis tration bu id ing one evening the firs t of t he month. The f oll ow i ng morning at chapel four membe rs of t he Board gave shor t ta lks to the stude nts. All wer e e njoycl . ver y much , espec ia llY t he address by J. W . Cr abtree.

N. S. Harajian, A B.,D. D .S. Resident Dentist. DR. B. L. SHELLHOQN Residence Phone 6 Office over Rexall Store Phone 31 PERU ·· NEBRASKA

Dr.Jos. G. Vacek Dentist Office with Dr. Neal Gas g iven for extractions and sensit ive teeth



2 ~~


RICHARDSON STUDIO is the best place to have your PHOTOS made

Bring your work to the

The Parlor Shoe Store Just East of the Corner Drug Store PERU, NEBRASKA

E. C CHASE, Prop.

Kimball Laundry ••• Work, Service, and Satisfaction Delivers Collections Monday. Saturdays.

Phil Rouse, Agent ·----------------. ~----------------------------~·

We Solicit the Accounts of Normal Students Deposit your money with us for the school yrar and pay your bills by checks. You thus ha ve a place of safety tor your money and you gain a valuable businel's experience in caring for your accoun t. '"Ill!




n. S. n. ]~\\'¢lry Stor~ for Watches Rings Bacelete Lockets Pins Chains Charm Specticals Candies Nuts Fuits Stationery Strings for Musical Instruments

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Settrch tbe gamut of human wants and y ou will find no gift 110 acceptable as Jewelry. Good jewt:lry is a b c rita ~e •.bat is handed d own fr o m generation to generation, and a n enduring remembrance of the giver. Bring your broken spectacles. Look at our prices. Special prices the year round. No 10pecial sale day.



N.S. N. Novelties Seal Pins F obs Sih·erware C ut G lass Sp<!c t a c 1 ..: s

clocks man~l e s

and ala•·m Fountain PC!nS China Plai n and H And P a inted Post Cards

School Supplie&

]. £. £batdaln


• I



Appreciates and solicits the trade of Normal Students.

Wm. 1 y non, President C. R. Welden, Vice President R. W. Ke/{•', Cashier

L. T. Cox, Asst. Cashier

BANK Deposit your money here and check it out as you need it.




~~~----~~----------~----------------------11 ·

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carry by far the most complete line of women's and

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DONOVAN & BEDElL Hardware Paarntture aud Elec:tric:al Supp11es

normal it~ VOLUME VI.



PERU F.0 0T-B AL L TEAM, 1911 ~ ! eyer,


Christenson, Tyson, ;..1cwhir ter, Coach Thacker, Ludka





Sch ott1






B. Clifford Hendri cks.

Every student has some place to fill in our Normal school life. There is no denying it. If not, he had better get out, f or one so short sighted is but a hanger-on, retardi ng the progress of those who have recog nized their places. That place is not a ltogether between the two lids of a book either. Not so long as there are other students and there are facu lty members in the insti-


tution. Even in a college r educed t o the lowest terms, placi ng a student on one end of a log and one of his teachers upon the other, he has hi s end of the log as well as hi s book to attend t o. In this type of college t he student â&#x20AC;˘ would have to fill every place belong ing to his particular end of the "log. " Not so in the complexity and multiplicity of our school's organizations. One studen t should not fill every place under such conditions. Each student should find some one place and fill it. Yes, really fill it in all its capacity. Fill it so

t horoly that it wou ld be nl ised to a lead ing place in t he sch')::> l. IL is n'>t t he p lace, but t he o ne in th e place t hal g ives it prest ige . Who tloes not know of instances where a man has hard ly been placed in a position befo1¡e all connected with that pos it ion beg in agp: rcssi v wo rk. Jus t as Rosevelt' s e lection to t he govern orsh ip of New Yot"lc o r to t he p resiLl ency of the Uni ted S ta tes me:wt "something doing" in t hose. parti cu la r offi ces, so ther e are those- and t hey s hould be many- in our school who, if they accept a place, make tha t the b us iest p lace in school. And how d o they do i t? They are willing t o go ahead . After they learn wh'lt is t o be d ~ n e '(and th ey make it a point to find out if they d o not kn ::>w) t hey not on ly d o, but see that others under the ir directi on do. They d o not lean upon a fac ulty p rop. All have seen the man w ho h as' 'turned his ankle" and fo r a time ha d to use crutche3, and have r ej o iced with him when he cou ld lay t hem aside . These leaders have laid a side their crutches and stand upon their own f eet. They do not need a faculty member to speak for them, or to direct for them . They are glad to hear suggestions, but can get a long without t hem if they d o no t come. They u se the "follow ¡up" p la n . If they put a man or woman at a cer tain work they keep their eye in that directi on until i t is d one . The w orker is ma1le to f eel the respons ibi I i ty fo r the task not only by the demand f or resu lts, but by the friend ly interest of h is superior. Theystay pers istently wi th t h e ir work. If it is to sell ti ckets, t hey not only sell f or the first t en minutes after t h e an-



nouncemcnt is made. bul throughout th ~ day t hey wi II 1 e found at e \·ery odd moment, "yendi ng- llw ir wares." If it is a membersh ip campaign for a literary soci ety, a assoc iation m· a club, after t he heat of the contest t he re will be a ' 'fol low up'' carri ed on t hroughout the life of the po:> iti on. They have the nack of r eceiv ing a "turn-down " smilin .. · ly. Defeat doesn't t hriv in the fac e of a genuine smile . H e takes to cover upon ils fi rst a ppeara nce. "Sunny Pi ce," boys' sect·e ta ry of t he Lincoln city Y . M. C. A. , has such a smile. It isn' t a s ig n t hat he is "easy. " but rather t ha t if he seeks your sen· is you will be eas"y . " They g ive extra t ime. T hat can be d one wi thout disad va ntage to s t ud ies if each find s hi s or he r place, not places. There is invar iably cx tt·a t ime req ui red , if the " fo llow u p'' plan is used. If t he outcome is to be better tha t usual, t hen more time th a n us ua l must be g iven to i t, even tho i t niay mea n ri s ing earli er on Sa t urday mor nings. T hey have a nd s how t he " nailprin ts. " One man of this ty pe, a numbe r of years ago, was accosted by a doubt ing membe r of hi s working force t hus : "If you'll show me the nail prin ts in yo ur hands I' ll beli ev you are what yo u cla im to be. " The request was g ra nted, f or the one in q uesti on was g en uine . Such evdence is often d ema nded of the chairme n of our co mmittees. When they can show marks of ser vis, the ir committeme n r espond . Each stude nt should re member that if he does not respond when hi s place calls him, tha t that oppor tu nity is g one, the thing is not done a nd t he schoo l and the st uden t body have been d enied some th ing which they should have had . E very stud en t w ith t he least s park of spi rit about him professes t o be loyal t o our schoo l, yet how many accept p laces of trust a nd a llow the oppor tuni t ies so entr ;J.sted t o


t he ir use to go by unused, and consequently deny t heir school that which she r ightfully should have had at their hands. Are you in a posit ion as president of your class, of a society, a club or the cha ir man of some committee, however seem ing ly unimportant? What ha ve you done to make the place a source of profit to t he school ? How much have you put yourself out to ma ke it cou nt? Get busy wi t hin yo ur own spher e and the more yo u move about in it the larger it wi ll become unti I you wi II be surprised to learn that in as much as ye have been fa ithf ul in a few things ye hm·e a ri sen to rulersh ip oYer many . Yes, yo u a re dally ing with your f ut ure when you " le t t hings slide. " If you are willing to sit back and let others go ahed here in schoo l activities, you will be willing t o take a second place in a ll In t he choice her e in life to come. school yo u are choosing a life of leader"For some ship or one of mediocri ty. of us, i t wil l be no easy task to find out that place ; we have to set ourselves to the task with care a nd persistency, even tho we know that God the Father will in the end r eward our efforts and show us t he way. " · The fi nding of our place her e in school should be taken as seriously as the quest for our life wor k, and when we recog ni ze our place then it is ours to accept it. "Those who take up the t ask w ith joy are writ ten down as victors in t he book of E terna l Value and ofte n on the rolls of men. . . . Those who refuse the task at the very most can only be mediocre; tho they see what is lost, there is only left a second place for them. Of thos~ who have taken up t heir task with joy, the following cli ping f rom the "Daily N ebraskan" sets f or th a forcefu l example. "Kid" Wedge is s ick in San Francisro. A dis patch yeste rday from the coast city stated that Wedge had been fou nd

THE NORMALITE sick in a poorly furnisht room, an up- ago some of these same m e n reeled into stairs room in the rough district of t he ·his quarters dir ty and drunk , but he city, in the neighborhood where he is cheerd them, fed them, gol them jobs shedding hi s life blood to help save men and made honest laborers ou l of common drunkards . ·w edge is c np:ap:t'd Lo be from lives of debauchery and r ui n. "Kid" Wedge was once a welterweight married, but hi s s ickness is so expensive champion boxer. At that t ime he li ved that the wedding festivities ma~; be far in Omaha. He became a slave to t he in the future. "But I ' ll come out of this all 1·ig-h t," drink habit while in that city, late r reforming and deciding to get an .educa- is the messat;0 h;:: S(;ntls Lo hi s many t ion and save men from ruin. • 'Kid'' friends, with Lhe same cheery optim ism came to Lincoln and enterd the uni vers i- with whi ch he cheer .:; yo~ np; men Lo mor"Kid" is known in San ty, where he was helped by theY. M. C. al victory. A. and the ministerial union for a few Francisco as the "fig hting pas lor, who days until he could find work. He was makes men ou t of animals." We cannot a ll be " K id" Wedges, for soon a changed man. He workt at "any old t hing" for many days, but his is not t h:: task fo r all, but we can at when he got in better helth he was able least show hi s spiri t. We can seek as to get better jobs. earnestly t o find our task and by the Wedge made many fri ends in t he uni help of God we will find it. And whi le versity. He told the story of his local we w?. it fo r i ts di E:covery we can wait life to students, and whi le a student in industr i.) u.:;ly, looki ng upon every trust the U. of N. went out on Sunday to we accept (and we should not accept too preach at various small churches near the many) as an opportunity to r ender a city. He was willing to do any sor t of servis t hat only we as individuals can honest work that he might earn money render . And so waiti ng, yet wo1·k ing, to aid the downfallen manhood of the improv the ti me. In doing so , trus ting cities. It was while at Nebraska that he in God for directi on, for he does d irect decided to give his life to the rescue of men and women, in such matters a nd remen of the slums. sponding to the call with a whole life San Francisco has felt the effects of servis, we are teaching t he world a rehis personal work. He has saved men by ligion convincingly concrete . the wholesale, straightened them out, clothed them, paid f or their meals when Hoyt : I am tempted to give a test. he could only afford one meal a day, and Student: Yi eld not t o temptation. fought sickness with t he courage of a patriot. And now in his illness e is Three degr ees in medical treatment: being cared for at a hospit al where he, P ositiv, i ll; comparativ, pi ll; su perla wi th the asisstance of nurses and doc- t i v, b ill. tors, is fighting against detb. His life Teacher : What is the future of "I is almost burnd out because of his efg ive." forts to save men from mortal deth. Tomm ie : ''You take.'' The cold on his lungs keeps him gasping Prof. J ean : What kind of leaves has for breath. His many friends, men whom he has an electric light plant? Nippert: Leaves of absence. saved from sin, tip-toe into the room where he s leeps, to look upon the man who has been their friend. A month

Miss Lambert : H ow do you like Gym? Mi ss Weddle : Jim who?






Reports have come of the s uccess of Katherine Hanks, expression g-raduate , '09, wh o is t eachi ng t hi s year at N orth Bend, Ne braska. Byrne Marce 11 us, '08 , has r ecoverd from a severe attack of appe ndicitis and is r egisterd in t he law d epar tment of the Univers ity of Nebr as ka. J oseph P. Gi llil an, '!)2, was elected tresure r of Nemaha Coun ty, t hi s fa ll. Mr. Gi llila n and family haYe movd from Peru to Aub u rn. Mrs. Matti e H. Gregg Dafoe, ' 92, of Tecumseh, Nebraska, v is i ted in Omaha d uring t he t he State Teache rs ' Associat ion. Lo la E. Standley, '9 1, after t eaching in the Peru public schoo ls f our year s, spen t t hree years in t he schools a t Table Rock and F a lls City , four years in Uni versity Pl ace schools, and is now teaching her fifth year in the schools a t Chester , Nebraska. Walter L. Best, '09, has begun work as prin cipal of the P leasan t Da le schools. Wil la Adams, ' 06, who has been teaching f or sever a l years at Santa Mon ica, Cali forn ia, r ecen tly returnd to N e bras ka where she underwent an oper ation for append ic it is. Mi ss Adams was in Omaha during the State Teacher s Assoc iation and says she is redy to enter school work aga in. Arthur B. Gelwick, '11 , hig h school t eacher at Geneva, spen t a f ew days in Peru during vacati on. H . Clyde Filley, '99, who has been assisting in farm ma nagement at the Un iversity farm at Lincoln, has been made permanent professor there by t he unitversity regents .


The Alumni associati on, at its annual bus iness meeting .at Omaha, this year , made t wo departures from its routine channel of existence which should be know n by all alumni. One of these should be of very vital inter est not only to all alm uni but to all friends of the P er u Nor mal. The fi rst of these changes was made necessary by t he growth of om organization. For t he past two years Secretary-Tresm¡er Delzell has been bear ing more than his share of the association's r esponsibi lit ies. These demands have so hevi ly drawn upon his time that he cou ld only by the gr eatest effort perform the duti es pertaining to t he secretary-tresm¡er 's o.ffis and also of t he t eache rs' bmeau. While Professor Delzell has cheerfully and faithfu lly att emp ted to meet t hese d emands, those kno wing the si tuation demandeq t hat he be r el ievd of one par t of t his work. Thi s was accomplisht by an amendment t o om constitution prov iding t hat ther e shall be a secretary-tresm-er and a bur eau secretary, both to be chosen from Alumni resid ent in P~ u, which was Professor Delu nanimously adopted. zell' s broad acquaintance with superintendents and school boards of Nebraska made it qui te a matter of course that he should be r etani ed as t he bureau' s secr etary. B. Cl ifford H endricks, of the Normal, was selected for the secretarytrestuersh ip. Another adva nce. was made at the Omaha meeti ng when a motion by C. M. Penney to the effect that a committee of ten be appointed to secure one hundred five-dollar pledges f r om our alumni to be paid in the event the secretary tresurer is unable t o raise five hundred dollars from dues wi thin the next year. - Alr edy t he major part of these names has been securd and Superintendent C. B. Moore and his committee by their agg r essiv work assure their success in the canvas. At first t hot it may seem an im-



possible task to raise such a sum but when we stop to consider that in our membershi p of 1600 or more t here cert ai nl y ought to be 1000 who are onetenth as loyal as t his g roup of one hundred, the undertaking becomes .much more reasonable. Our alumni association, t o justify its existence, must do something; and to do someth ing it must have that with which to work. There is a work t o be done. To do it requires an expenditure which when it bas to be advanced from the private incc me of the treasurer with no certainty of replac~­ ment results in wasteful economy. With this fund of five hundred dollars assured, the work need not be so bamperd. W. L. French, '97, professor of t he agriculture department of the University, had an interest ing and instructiv exh ibit at the recent land show held in Omaha. Gertrude Coon, ' 07, of Red Cloud. was elected county superintendent of Webste r County this fall. Miss Coon recently visited in Auburn at the home of Rev. and Mrs J. H. Salsbury. Ruth Wortman, ' 11, is having exceptional success as bed of t he domest ic depart mEnt at Amity CollEge, Io\\'a . E mma Falter, '10, is successfully teachi ng her second year at Grafton, Nebraska. Elizabeth Falter, '1 1, is having a plesant and profitable year teacbibg in the h igh school at Ti lden, Nebraska. Joseph Goldstein, '10, who is taking the course in law at the University, is winr;ing fame as a debator. E sther Blankenship, ' 10, was in Peru the first of the month on account of sickness at home. She has returnd to Broken Bow she is teachi ng her second year.

E. E. Lackey, '4, w ho compl e ted h is work at the Univers i ty lastlyear , is now prof essor of agricul tu r e at Lhc Way ne normal. The officers of the Alumni Ass uciat ion for t he com ing year arc, Supc rinle ndent A. J. Stoddard, N e wma n Grove, presi dent; Supe rin te nde nt Fred Mo n·ow, Central City, vice president: P 1·ofessor Delzell, P eru, bureau secr e tary; Professor B. Gifford H endri cks, Peru, sec r etary tresu rer; Dr . George E. H oward, L incoln and Judge L e tlon, Lin co ln, trustees. A very n ot icable num be r of m e mbers of the ear I i er classes was in atte nda nce at the P eru banque t this year, I t was a ·ve ry pleasing s ight to see tl·.osc who are beginnihg to show t he g ray, sitt ing bes ide those just from our h <J li s and to note that if anything the o lder ones wer e the happier. As so me expres t it . " It is great t o belong to a fratern i ty h avi ng ove r s ixteen hundred me mbers . ' ' A number of the -P e ru alumn i liv ing in Iowa t ook advantage of t he n ear ness of t he Omaha m eet ing to I owa by attending the State Teach ers' Assoc iation t h is year and r enewing old acquainta nces. Among t hese were S J.peri n te ndent C. E. Humphreys, ' 01, of De ni nson, Iowa ; B e njam in B. Hurst, '05, and w ife , Mrs . H e len Walworth H u rs t, of t he same class . A hopeful sig n f or t he a lumn i is noticable in the tende ncy to organ ize P eru club~. N ot only are both the Lincoln and Omaha Clubs flour ishi ng but a number of other p laces as B lair, Crtte, Fairbury, are talk ing of such or gan izations. One alumnus said, ''Why n ot have a County Peru Club? I n my county t h ere are some three or four principals who are Peru g raduates and I am sur e ~ou l d favo r such a move.'' Y es, that is true not only of that c~unty b u t of many counties. Furthe r , t h ese clubs are no t confined necessar ily to P e ru graduates but any one who has ever been a s t ud ent




at Peru may become a member. The secretary of the a ~s )Cia l ion would be only too glad to hea r from t hose inter ested in formin g such a club and assu res al l such his most har ty con p·•rali on in sach work. Wri te Clifford He m!J·i cks at Peru about it.

Edna Millay, '09, of Gregory, South Dakota,_has r etmnd to her home after a short Yi sit with friends in Peru.

J . W. Miller, 'O J, is the ed ucati onal secretary of the Om a ha Y. M . C. A. He is also president of t he Omaha Peru Cl ub. Hi s kindly r eg-ard for P eru thus shown is shared by hi s wife who was ZelJa Willi a ms, '02. Mr. Mill e r 's work calls to m ind t he fact that no small number of our alumn i ha ve tnrnd t he ir services in to activ Chri stian channels Among these are since leaving Pe1·u. the names of H enry Menke, '90, who has a pastorate in Iowa; Theodo1·e Leger , '90, minister at M idvale , Idaho; George McMichael, '95, general secre ta ry of t he Y. M. C. A . , M issoula, Montana; Chas. D. Metcalf, '96, min ister at S nyde r , Nebraska; Eugene Maxcy, '00, Methodist min ister at D ill er, Ne braska ; J. C. Dillon, ' 01, miinster at Butte, N ebraska ; Charles McVey, ' 02, evangelist, Ha rdy, ·Nebraska; and Bert Swenson, '09, who is preparing himself for Y . M. C. A. work at Spr ingfield, Mass.

Mi ss Louise Mears, '95, who is attending the Uni versity at Lincoln thi s semester, r ecently made a short business u·ip to Peru. Her attractiv and interesting little book; " The Hills of Peru" is now on sale here.

A very successful and profitable teache rs' meeting was held a t Lodge Pole, Cheyenne Co un ty, on October 14. To Superintendent W. S. Bostder and his efficient corps of t eacher s m uch of the success is due. It is interesti ng t o not e t hat the Lodge Pole faculty is composed nearly entire ly of t he P eru Normal a lumni. W. S. Bostder, ' 10, Mrs. Bostder, nee Ethel Meyer, '03, Pearl Meyer, '05, and Susie Harmon, '11. State Superi ntendent J . E. Delzell, ' 93, and Dean Rouse of P eru gave inter esting and inspiring talks. J . A. Hanna, '08, principal of Sidney hig h school gave an interesting demonstration of hi s h istor y cards.


Mabel Hadsell , '09, the newly eleceted county superintendent of Boyd coun ty, has r eturnd from a short visit with friends in Peru.

The P eru banquet dur ing the Nebraska State Teachers' Asociation, g iven in honor of Superintendent Crabtree, was a g r eat success and afforded a delig htful evening for all present. Three hundred and forty-five plates wer e servd. Professor E. L. Rouse was toastmaster and Govt""rnor Aldrich, Superintendent Pearse, Superintendent Crabtree State SuperintE'ndent Delzell, President Hayes and E . M, Cline r esponded. It i:-; interesting to note that a number of our alumni have been elected as county superintendents of public instruction, in var ious counties of Nebraska. Among these are Elmer Seeley, '09, N uckolls County; Nemaha Clarke, '09, Nemaha County; Ger trude Coon, '07, Webster County; Mabel Hadsell, ' 09, Boyd County.

Carr ie Hanson, '11, of the Barada public schools, wri tes that she is enjoying the Normalite and is looking for ward w ith plesure t o each new number . Clyde Hutchinson, ' 11, principal of the schools at Alvo, spent a few days visiting relatives and friends in Peru during t he r ecent vacation. Albert Gash, ' 08, is superintendent of schools at Wilsonyille, Nebraska. Mrs. Gash will be r ememberd as Alta Strong of the class of ' 05.




Frank J ennings, ' 11, of Fairbury, was compelld to g ive up his school work for some t ime on account of a n accident receivd while playing foot ball. J. D . McMillan, ' 11, superin tendent of schools at Western, was in Peru t he first of the month. The Western schools were closed at the time on account of scarlet fever. Paul Stoehr, '11, has again commenced teaching. He was recently elected to fi ll a vacancy at the Burk school near Howe. Mr. Stoehr has fully regaind hi s helth, a nd t he school board is fortunae to secure his services as teacher. The many friends of George N. Fos ter, '06, will be pleasd t o Jearn t hat he has won a place on the deba ting t eam at the University of Chicago. Mr. Foster wi ll be rememberd as one of the prominent debaters while here in the Normal. He was also on the debating team both h is junior and senior years whi le in the Uni versity at Lincoln and was grad uated from the law department in ' 11. H e was also winner of the Theta Kappa Nu honors. Robert Ray, '06, and W. W. Ray, '02 , have given up teaching for the present and are traveling f or an Omaha lumber company. Blinn 0. Helms, '09, science t eacher in the high school at Weeping Water, was quite severely burnd about t he hands and body by the explosion of a n alcohol lamp in the school laboratory. State S e~per i n tendent James E. Delzell addrest the Nance County teachers at Fullerton, October 28 . On the pr ogra m of the Otoe Co:1n ty teachers association held at Syracuse, Octobea 21 , we find the f ollowi ng names from the al umn i : Vitalizi ng in Hist ory, Principa l V. E. Tyler; The new City

Ce rti fica t e , Supe rin te nJ e nl R. R. McGee; Expr ession in R ead in_g in th e L ower Grades, Clara H eacoc k; T eache r and Schoo l Boa rd, Be una V ista L ee .





Y. W.C. A. The second in the sel'i es of p ractical talks w hi c h the a ssoc iat ion is offe ring this year, was g ive n by D ean R o use , November 2. App r oximate ly two h und red g irls and women gathe r d in the high school assemb ly roo m and a vai ld t he mselves of t he o pportun i ty to hea r t~e message Dean R ouse h a d to g 1· ve 1· n "HIS Idea l of Womanhood." In hi s frank, rugged s imp li ciy, he stood up before us a nd talk t tactfu lly, but plainly, abot~ t he t hing s t hat go t o m a k e w.) m a nhoo sweet and h ea·..1t iful. H is wo rds were impressiv and long to be r e m c rnberd. Every g irl w ho h eard t '1em co ul d n o t but go away with hi gher idea ls of won '~~~~ hood a nd a firm er reso!v t o make ideals r ea l, in every d::ty I iv ing-. . . . f t he Miss Ger t rud e Sm1th, p res1de n t 0 . Is . . If association, ent e rta incl the c:ab 1n e t g. ,.,. .·v 1l1o at a s ix o'clock luncheon, Thanksg l evening. . visit Our associat i on has jus t ha d a . , from the t ern. ton. a I t rave .1n.2.· se c r eta .t)g• 111 Miss Vi ola Mm·sh a ll ; h er s tay extend 011 from Novembe r 30 to Dece mbe r 5. n' assoc1atl · ··on e in Friday, Dece mber 1, tne tertained in h er honor a t a k ens ingtoncl' ' ) 0 ,. Everett Hall , f r om 4 :30 t o 6 :00 o c . the The Intercoll eg iate comm i ttee , u nd er 11 . . . e rso able d1rect10n o£ Sa ra Je ·,ve ll , 1 111 P t' s ated very effectivly, a Ci1in s e s t n d ~ l'l J . ·r i ''E~ . departure f or Ame n ca and h_u · ~ 1 JVfllY Miss Amy Baker , Gra r:e l.\~ 1-le J • j(een Shively, Anna Johns0n a n d A ud· Wright, complete Jy capt!· va te d r--· ..·i r ,....8- il1" f I ,1 ience in the ' r ch ara~;er i ~ at i ~ n 1 v 11 8 s, e~e ladi es. At the cl os~ ui t:, e see




Miss J ewell sang with sweet appreciation a J apanese love song. Mi ss Mars ha ll was a skt t o s peak to the girls fo r a few m in ates on t he g-e ne ral phases of t he associati on w or k . Among othe r thin g-s she t old us t hat P er u was t he third largest s tude nt a ssociati on in the t er rit :> ry, and tha t our own State Unive r.s ity r a nks fi rs t. The s er vi ng of a dainty fragrant tea and wafers closed t :1e ver y plesant afte rn oon.


Sat-.lrday, D ecem ber 2, ea~h comm i ttee w ith its chai r man m e t Mi ss Marshal l in the rest r oom and cons u lted about t he work, gaining new p la n s a n d s uggestions, for th e r e mainde r of th e year. At 2 :1 5 on Sunday , the hi g h school assembl y r oom was fild to overflowing to h ear Miss Marsha ll ta:lk on ' ' Vi s ion and Servis. " Every minute of the talk was interesting and he lpful. The co ming of t he te rr iror ia l secret a r y a lways m eans a rej uvenation and q ui cken ing of t he e nti ~e life of the assoc ia ti on , and M iss 路 Marsha ll's visit h as b een no exception to t he rul e. A ha ppy se lection h as b een m ade in placing Mi ss Marsha ll in charge of the associati on work in Normal schools. She is sympathe tic, appr eciativ of the work done, redy t o he lp, and p ersona lly inter est ed in every g irl she m ee.ts. Monday, D ecember 4 , we we r e again favord by h aving Mi ss Marshall talk t o us. Our Committees h ave b een doing s plendid work th is year. Why? One big r eason is tha t the chairmen are v ita ll y i terested in their work, and have m ade things so inte r esti :!g for the members that they could not h e lp but be g lad to assist in the g1路eat work of the associ a tion . Among other 路 things, each committee chairma n h as e nterta ined her com;,ittee in a li ttle informal "at home."

N . C C. A . Gertrude Suglu路ue. F ather Dowd was una ble t o conduct our ser v ices on November 19, so the m eeting was he ld in t he Catholic rest r oom. The N. C.. A. has r ecentl y organized a K ensington fo r the purpose of- furthering t he social inter ests of the society. Meetings are he ld ever y F riday afternoon at 4:30 o'clock in the rest room. As ther e were quite a number of s tudents who spen t t he ir vacati on in Peru, we we re ab le to have t he meeting of the Kensington on Friday afternoon, November 10, and our regular meet ing on the f0ll owi ng Sunday morning.

Y. M. C. A. TheY. lVI. C. A. m eeting of Decemb er 3, was led by Professor J ean. He showd us h ow the it.fluence of one person could affec t a group or even a whole v icinity. Thi s was one of our most interesting Sunday afternoon m eetings. When we s t op to think of th e vast size of t heY. M. C.A.movement compared to its age, we feel proud that t his school has a little part in the forward ing of th is movement th r uout the world. On November 19, the meeting was led by Mr. Ander son, one of the students. H e gave u s an outline of the great work which t he Y. M. C. A . movement is tak- , ing on, its growth and s ize. On Decemb er 17 t heY. M. andY. W. Associations expect t o hol.d a j oint meet ing which is to be led by Mr. Rouse. A rare treat is expect ed and every young man should avail h imself of the opportunity to attend.





Peru , Nebraska

A Monthly Magazine Publisht in the of Education


Publisht by the State N ormal School Subscrip.tion 75 cents per year. Single copy JO cents Advertising rates furnisbt on applicatio!l

Eote rd at t he Postoffice at Peru. Nebraska, as sec-ond <:lass mattl:r

EDIT ORIAL ST AFF G. S Ha nsen '12 .. ................ . .... Bdito r in -chief Charlotte Cooley ' 12............. As~ociate Edito r ]. W. Wea r Jr. '14............... :Busines!' Manager

DEPARTMENT EDITORS Mary E Tyno n '98, ............. ................. Aiumni Merle Swan ' 12, ............... .............. ......... Class Mat tha Greenlee 'l2 .... .. .................... Society Cbarle~ Lively '13 ...................... ........ ........ Ciub Mabel Swansnn ' 12............. .............. Relig ious Grayce T eich '! ~ .................. .. .................. Music E . C. Beck '12 ..................... .. ............ Athletic H . Shaver' 12 .......... .. ......................... Excb ange

BOARD O F MANAGERS F . M. Gregg ...... ............ ........................ Faculty Ray Lnndy '12 ....................................... Senior Fran k Ell ~ nbe rger '1 3 ......... .....................Junio r Bessie Arm s~ ro r.g ........ ...... ........ ............. Tra iner Cassius Kennedy ' 14 .......................S0phomore Vern Chatelain . 15 ....... ..................... Fr~sbman H . D. \llartin ........................... ... .. . Prep:uatory Catherine Greenlee 'l2 .......................... Everett E . C. Beck ' l:L .............. ............. Pbilo matbean Wm. Roettger '1 3 ...... ..................... Y. M. C. A. ........................ Y. W.C. A. Gertrude Su 5hrua '1 3 ..... .................. N. C. C. A. Sus' M. Smith ............. ....... ...... Dra m a tic Club Hazel Tay lo r ' 13 ...... ........... ............ Latin Club Ebha Wa hlstrom ' 12 ...... ...... .. ,..... German Club E . C. Beck 'l 2 ...... ........ :..... Atbletic Association C hester Darrow ........... ................... Ciceronian

Men an d Religion Forward Movement.

This greatest of modern m ovements had its inception in the mind of a college student. Hi s name is Harry Arnold. H e, by "the irony of fate" has been stricken , but not fatally, with tuberculosis and must be but a spectator of most .of the activity. Fred B. Smith, of wor ld -w ide Y. M. C. A. fame, is the campa ig n leader. "The Men and Religion forward movement is a n e ffort to ma ke real the churches' program f or Jesus Chris t and all men," says Mr. Smith. We thus see the great purpose of t he movement. In over one hundred of the larger cities well trai ned specia li s ts ha ve held great mass rallies. Thousands of smaller towns have caught the spi rit a nd w i th intense enthus iasm have held s imil ar meetings. The mo vement is r eceiving recognition in ever y section of the United States and Canada. The dai ly press has g iven much space for the announcements of the campaigns, perhaps the most ever given t o any religious movement. Community Extension, Boys Work, Evangelism and Bible Study are s ubjects which the vari ous t eams have e mphasized in unprecedented style . The campaign has been unusually successful in r eaching laboring men. Men of all castes and classes have been led t o see that Christian work is a thing big enough for their most mascul in efforts. F our far reaching results will accrue from this most g iganti c and significant mass play of Christian men : . 1. The quickening of the lives of thousands of men and boys. 2. New VISions will come to the churches. The men wi ll be put at something definite. The boys will not be so dismally neglected . 3. A greater appreciation of the Bible and a renewd interest in Bible study. 4. The campaign is a preparatory



school, tra ining t he chut·ches t o work togethe r that. Wi t h in lhe next scor e of years, they wil l be so uni ted t hat t hey can successful ly la unch into the World 's g reatest campa ig n of missions and evangeli sm. Truly this movemen t is one sent of God. Austin J. H ollingsworth. .JI.

The Boy Scout Movement.

Chas . R. Weeks. Dr. Win fie ld S . Hal l told us in chapel last week that a human being , in its develo;:>ment f rom boyhood to manhood, goes t:uu a ll the s tages tha t the race has in c.:> ming u p from savages to civilized bein;;rs. Among those who are not psycho lo g ists, we ofte n hear th is express ion: "Boys wil l he boys,'.' which is only another way of a d mitting our belief that boys must pass thru a barbarous period in the ir development. Many teachers fail in schoo l discipline because of lack of apprec iati on of the fact that there. is a barbaro c1s period in a boy or g irl 's li fe, whi ch is roughly bo·~nded by t he ages of twelve to eig h tet:n years. During the earlier part of t:lis period a hel th y boy has his own cod ~ of morals and ideals of what life i~. T o him life means about what it did to the Ame ri can Indian as we found him; a life of free ac t ivity; of appropri ating every thing at hand to his own self gratification; a strong but disorganized love of nature, and her manifestations t:wu hi s environments and fellow beings. We belie ve t hat a ny man who did not pass thru t hi s stage of life is now a d ummy or a physical wrack; he certainly is not a physically and intellectua ll y develope m~n. At t his period of a c.1 ild's I L.! t he awal<Lning aml d evelopme:nt of th ~ physical q c a li t ies that determine hi s L:ture sta te of manhood . e mP.has is es


to his mind the physical side of life. H aving been reminded of these facts we a re ready f or a solution of the problem of t he so-cald bad child. We canno t change h im at t his stage of l,ifef or it is his very God-give n nabre and it would b e fooli sh to attempt to do anythi ng other than direct these a nin~al energies, until the intellectual control m:serts itself. The Boy Scout movement, agriculture and industrial traini ng are tlt a m an:; w .! have today of tiding these bon over t his critical period. in pioneer d ws h en · vironmen ts of nearly every boy offe1 d opportunity for the exercising of th ~se barbarous t endencies in for est. .stream and prair ie, to no "grown ups" sorrov·. But the boy of t he congested neighborhood of today must get the nece~ sary activity at the expEme of o·Jr mora l code, on street, in gar den or chicken coop. The boy scout movement consi;;ts of taking a gr oup of boys thr u their na t ural activities, guidi ng them around wrong and weaving moral and relig io .1s concepts into their fun, thru a sort of "sugar coated pill" method. We 1-iave noted that boys organ i'le themselves instinctively into a so;_ v ' tri be or gang. This natur~l instin~t is taken advantage of in organizing .Coy Scouts. Six or eig ht boys form a· " Patrol, named after some animal. 0 Jr patrols are "Eagle and Buffalo". Each patrol is led by the natural tribe leader cald a partol leader a nd he has an a:;sistant cald a corporal. Sev .:!raJ patrols form a ''troop'' led by a ' 'Scout Mast er , " a man who is inter est ed in . hoys and can truly lead the boys i n their sco.1t craft. A legislative bod; cald the "council," composed of inte:rested citizens, back up the b ) ys and the ~co Jt master in their work. Above all is t..e na tional council wh ich comm iss.icns sco .. t masters and charters local cot nci Is.





T o be a scout a boy must be twelve years old; learn the scout laws ; be able -t o t ie four standard knots and take the scou t oath . Th~ laws may be sumd up t hus: A boy scout must be trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, obed ient, cheerful, thrifty. After passing this examination he becomes a tenderfoot and is r edy for sceond class scout work. To reach this degree he must know elementary first aid and bandaging; signalizing in semaphore, Morse or Meyer alphabet; take hi kes at specified rates of speed, build fires in the open wit h no more than two matches, cook witho.ut ordinary utensi ls, earn a nd deposit one dollrar in the bank, and know sixteen points of the compass. To pass from this class to a first class scout a boy must be able to do twelve additi onal outdoor feats, including knowledge of plants, birds and animals, interpretations of maps and to swim fifty yards. From this a boy may go on progressing till he has grown into the next stage of development where his interest in these things is lost for interests that appeal more to boys between the ages of eighteen to twenty-two. Every school teacher would do well to prepare himself to become a scout master o~ the boys of his village. $

The New Cover Design. The cover design for The Normali te for the remainder of the year comes as the result of the contest enterd in to some weeks ago. Tastes will d iffer as to its artistic merit, but "ther e is no disputing about taste." We feel confident however, that the design wi II much more fitly represent the Peru Normal than any of its predacessors, and that as a thing of beauty, i t wil l be a source of delight as long as i t is used. The following persons submit te J de-

signs in the contest: Mira Dav ison, Minnie Foster, May Glasgow, Earl Newman, Sara h Ray, Orville Ralston, P ink Renfro, Ulden T hrap, W. D. Fulton, Hazel Johnson and Myrtle Reecl . The designs of the last three named were regarded by t he committee as the most promising, t ho it was unanimously agreed t hat the work of every contestant had artistic me rit. On a resubm ission of designs by t he three successful contestan ts, the work of Mr. Fulton was accepted, but prizes were awarded all three. M r . Newman, Peru's expert draftsman, prepat·ed the wor k finall y for the z inc etch ing-. The comm i ttee of a rt judges, Mi ss Mutz, M iss Goshen, and Mrs. Crawfnrd, have the t hanks of The Normali te management for the ir val ued services. The New Book. F ifty years from n ow (that is i_!) 1961), -I hop~ my g rand ch il dren w ill be read ing thi s copy of the delightful "H ills of Per<I," by L ouise Wilhelmina Mears. which, fresh from the book maker and charming in its dainty newness, lies before me on t his December afternoon in 1911. The t i t ie page modestly a nnoun ces a " geographi cal and hi s toric:~ ! sketch ;" but the book is much more a nd much better than mere geogr ap':ly and hi st or y; it is traditi on, and life and beauty essence; it is dreams, a nd faith, a nd loyalty t o the dead, · a nd str en gth for the achievement for t om J tTow. An in stitution is li ttle m ore or oth er t ha n the s um of its t raditions: hence t his r ecord of legenda ry Peru, adeq _·ate a nd ace .rate and sympathetic as it is, C)ns titu tes the best possible expon ent a nd epi tume of the cJiture and in'11 ~n::~ of t '1e a ·.lthor's a lma mater. Following the intro-1 · c~i on, e ig h t chapters, ver iously en ~i .. led ' 'Per .1 in


Steamboat Days," " Indian Hi ll," "The Last Landma rk ," etc. , fi ll up. one hundred and e ig ht pages of stor y, description, myth a nd filosofy, a ll sparkling with life , ri ch in humor , keen w ith insight and tin ted with the warm colors of poet ic f a ncy. The book is we ll calculated to de lig ht Peru dwellers past and present, a nd to s timul ate t he hi storic sense of those hundre ds of yo ung Nebraskans who s hal l be s tude nts of the Normal. Typographica ll y the volume is beauti ful , abounding in we ll printed pictures of our scenic lanclseapes, and bea r ing on the cwer page a charming etching of "The Old Ma in Build in ~," the work of Miss Mutz. H. C. H. (These bo::>k::. a r e on sa le at the local dr ugstores, and we take p leasure in r eC)mmend ing Lhe book as a hig hly appropriate Chri stmas present to Peru Alumn i and old time a nd new t ime dwellers in pic t.u r esq~ e P e ru. - Ed.)


Ex chang~




Pi nk: Do you kn ow any good joke, gir:s? rJl iss Branaman: The Junio1· class. According to Milton: Yout!-1 - "P raad ise ." Marriage - ' 'Para·lise L ost.'' Widower- ' 'Para' 'dise Regai ned." Lady: I thot yo:J. wer e a ventriloqui s t. Rugged Man : I was, and a good one, but my voice go t so strong I couldn't th_row it. . Some rules t o be observed: 1. If hungry take a roll in bed. 2. If yo::t want to wr ite and are short of pnper, take a s~1eet off the be::l . 3. If yo:1 shoJ ld fin ~l the bsd a little b GZi an 1 you s~10 1ld have a night m ar~. h i t~;, t"1e mare t::> the bJggy and c!riv.:: a way.


Jf tbl ~ t i·cs


E. C. Beck. Springfield Y. M. Training school defeated Holy Cross, 12 to 0. Harvard defeat ed the same team only 8 toO. The Springfield e leve n boasts of two Peruvians, C. P. Schott and "The Swede". "Swede" is making vthe easterners take notice this year. Miss Rader · has twenty five . tryouts working out on the floor every evening at 5 p. m. Four good teams could be chosen from these tryouts, which fact means that Peru should have a w ining girl's basket ball team. Have you read what ' 'The Wesleyan' ' has to say about K earney's c:t!lmpiomhip cla ims? Read the last paragraph. The Wesleyan Eleven, by t he way, captured the college championship, having defeated Doane,· Cotner, Bellevue, Grand Island, and Hastings. Blynn Helms' Weeping Water b)ys cama down t o g ive the N ormal.; a pra~ t i3 game. The reservs playd the first half and playd the High' s to a st':lnd.;ti.l. The score stood 6 to 6. R)uge, H enJrick, .Roettger , and M Jones did sp:endid work for the reservs. The Normals went in the last half ancl scored 39 points. "Pink" scored one pretty drop kick. The reservs will probably play this t eam later. Helms has a game squad . Coach Thacker attended t he State Intercollegiate Athletic Association meeting at Lincoln. Peru can boast of two as good tackl 3s as has any 1911 Nebraska Co llege team . Mr. Sporting Editor wi ll have to think twice before omitting Shaver and Lundy from the All Nebraska Eleven .




Peru Normal 29. Cotner 0. Friday, November 3, is the date of Peru's triumph over Cotner. The Bull Dogs were outplayd in every department and showd form in the third quarter only The game was :mard by much wrangling and the suspension of two players. Each P!'!ruvian deservs ment ion. Ogden, Mylar, and Strain showd up well for the Bull Dogs. The ball was stedily advanced to Cotner' s five yard line where Peru was held. Ogden attempted to punt but was b lockt and Sims fell on the ball . for a touchdown. Renfro kickt goal. L undy and s.haver were soon sent thru in a series of hne plunges. "Cap" scored a touch?0~路 Renfro kickt goal. At the begmmng of the second quarter Renfro went OYer and kickt goal. Here the Bull Dogs braced and held Normal scoreless until the fourth period. In this period after " Cap's" twenty yard run Ludka ~hovd it over and Renfro kickt goal. undy duplicated Shaverr's trick and "p路 k" m went over. He mist goal. Score 29 to 0 ' Line up. Cotner Peru McCleery re Schott Mylar rt L undY, Mewhirter, Tyson rg Christ enson Grigs c Gifford Squires Lattimer, Shultz Jg Nippert Gardner, J ester, Lattimer It Shaver Charlton Je Wickham Stra in qb Renfro Bri tt , J ester rh Ralston Ogden lh Ludka H u mphry fb Sims, Lundy Referee-Magor of Nebraska. Umpire- N. agor of Nebraska. Ti me of quar ters- fifteen and t en min :1tes. .}I.

Peru Normal 13. Omaha University 6. Before a crowd of enthusiastic a l_mni,

the Norma] !;l defeated t he U ni ve rs ity of Omaha at Cre ig h to n Fie ld . Nothing but straight f ootba ll was used. Re nfro, who was suffe ring w it h a n inju red kne<>, was out of the ga me f or Lhree quarters and Ludka gene ra ld Lhc team. Paul Selby recoverd a p un t, af ter a fumble and scored Oma ha ' s onl y touch down. Parish ki ckt goal. L u ndy dragd and e luded tackler s f or f o r ty five yards in the second quarter and scor ed. Ludka kickt goal. The ha lf c losed wi t h the ball on Omaha's two ya rd line . P er u braced up in the second half. Omaha held Peru for downs near the Oma~ a goa l but when P a r ish started a 1路ound the end he was tackled for a saf e ty . R enfro ga ve the team new life in the las t pe ri od and sent the ball d :>wn the fi e ld at a tell ing rate . Sims carr ied i t ove r. Renfro mist g oal. The stars f or P eru we re L u ndy, Re nfro, and Sims . The Omahoans m aking a good showing were Pari sh and S elby . Omaha Line-up . P er u re . Reel Wickha m rt. L u ndy Salisbury rg. Strehlow Ch r is te nson Frandson c. Gifford lg Jorgenson Nippert J. Sebly lt. Shave r I e . Parsons Schott Parish q. V ; dka , R e nfro Dow rh. Rals ton P. Selby Ih. J ones, Tyson Solomon fu. Sims Referee, McKay of P enn. State; urnpire, Nickerscn of Coe. Time of quarters, ten mi nutes .

Kearney is ''Destroyed".

Again Kearney met P e r u a nd ag a in t he Blue and White was vi c tori ous. The crowd was at the heig h t of exci te men t a t every peri od. Ke i cher tea m hac a great z dvantage and t he ga me was e\路l nl y contested. Penalties galor e were in fl icted.



Often when P eru was within strik ing distance she was penalized . But at a cr itical moment Kearney rece ivd her penalty and the ball was plact on t he five yard Une. Renfro and Cariag were stars at the quarter positi ons. Lundy and Sha ver, Peru's demon tackler s, wer e t he consistent ground gainers. Sims and L udka shone in the back fie ld. Burford , Kear ney's center was a to wer of streng t h, as was "Chick" Wareham . Peru receivd and t or e off a .pair of good plays, onl.v to be pena li zed. Renfro pun ted. Kearney mad e big g-ains. Cariag took the ba ll on t he thirty yard line and dr opt one b etween the bars. Schott recei vd a pass and Ra lston turnd the end f or ten yards. P e ru was pena lized agai n. The quarter ended w it h P eru on Kearney' s fi fty yard line. Score, Kear ney 3, Peru 0. Peru punted . K earney recoverd a punt. Car iag attempted a pass but Wickham intercepted . P eru was forced t o punt. Cariag f a iled on drop. Shaver made tackle run and t he ha lf endl'!d. Score, Kearney 3, Peru 0. 路 Peru rece ivd . Straight football and penalti es made the greater part of this quarter. Car iag made t en yard pass to Essert. A punting 路duel t ook place. The quarter ended with Peru on Kearney's twenty yard I in e . Score, . Kearney 3, Peru 0. Renfro failed on a drop . Kearney pun ted a nd Peru r eturnd wel l. The ball was pusht 路to Kearney's fif teen yard line. Kearney was penalized t en yards. Sims t ook the ball twice and went over. Renfro kickt goal. The rema ining seven minutes found the ball in P eru's terri tory with P eru ever hold ing. Cariag faild on two drops. The whistle blew and Peru had won. Score, Peru 6, Kearney 3.


Kearney. Pe ru Line-up. Dosset Schott Ie. W. Randolf Shaver It. R. Randolf Tyson Ig . Burford Gifford c. Dryden N ippert rg . J . Randolf Lundy rt. Brown Wickham r e. Cariag Renfro q. Ralston Essert rh. Schott Ludka !h. Wareham Sims fb . Referee, P otter ; umpire, Kearns; field judge, H ow ie.

On November 17 the Weeping Water boys defeated the reserves 34 to 11. Injuries featured the game. Davis playd the star game f or Weeping Water. Mewhirter r eceivd a broken rib.

On December 1 the class Olympics took place on t he athletic field and were carried on in fine style, end ing with a score of 45 f or Freshmen and Juniors and 55 for the Seniors and Sophomore~. The following scores were made: 路. Cross country run six miles, Krebs, Junior 5 points F oot ball rush, Freshmen and Juni on:, 30 points. Tug of war, Seniors and Sophomores, 10 points. 100 yar d dash, Seniors and Sophomores, 5 points. H evy weight boxing, Seniors and Sophomores, 5 points. Heavy weight wrestling, Seniors and Sophomor es, 5 points. Light weig ht boxing, Junior s and Freshmen, 5 points. Li ght weight wrestling, Juniors and Fre~hmen, 5 points. Flag rush, Senior s and Sophs, 30 points.





s 0 ci ~ t i ~ s Atheni '.:l路 Stella Fairchild.

T;1a ~ a great i nterest is being taken in debating is shown by t he unusual ly large number of girls in attendance each evening an:l the wi lling response from each when plac<ad on the program. The Ciceronians invited t he gi rls to debate w ith them on November 4, on the question, Resolved: that unrestricted suffrage s~ould be granted to the women of Nebraska. Affirmativ, Stella Fairchi ld, Rena Keith, Francis Hughes. Negativ, J. C. C~rhtenson, G. S. Hansen. The girls sbowd great appreciation by the enthusiasm with which they entered into the debate.

The program for November 18 : Vocal solo, L elia Courtwrigh t. Debate. Resolvj: That Sunday baseball should be Permitted in towns of 2000 or over subject to majority vote. Affirmativ Cecelia Hoehne, Mabel Duer; Neg~tiv, Ht:len Osbourne, Opal Lintz. The following program was g iven November 25: Debate, Resolved, that there should be an annual fee of five dollars payable by every State Normal student for the support of athletics. Affirmativ, Elizabeth Varner. Negativ, Dalna Brown. Reading Opal Lintz. .)}.

Ciceronian. H. Staak. Those who attended the program on November 4, listend to a highly interesting debate. The Athenians endevor ed to convince the Ciceronians that women should vote. The question was, ReS'>Ived : That the r ight of unrestricted suffrage should be extended to the women of Nebraska. On account of the in-

terest 路 manifested , i t was dee md advisab le tha t the two socie ti es continue to hold j oint d eba'tes. Accor rl ingly on the evening of November 25 Lhe Athe nians and Ciceron ia ns d ec ided to h o ld j oint meetings on alternate Saturday eve nings, the first j o in t m eet ing being Dece mber 9. The Ciceronian society m eets e ve ry Saturday evening fro m seven t o e ig h t . All boys, wheth er me mber s or no t ,should come ; the par li am en tar y dr i ll be ing both interesting and instructiv. Mr. Bun路elle : Soci e t y is divided into three c lasses : the rich, t h e p o01路, and those who go to church. .;l-

Everett l it eray Sorciety .

Chester W. Da rrow. On November 10 Mrs. N ettleto n gave a recital for our society. The sh ort character ske tches read in the Ge rman, Negro a nd Irish dialects al ong with the touching story of "Timothy's Quest" made the h our on e of kee n e nj oyment. It is well at this point t o expr ess appreciation of the work done by the committ ee who d ecorated the h all for the f ootball reception, wh ich f ollowd the p r ogram. F ollowing 3-!e the numbers given in the recital: Part I. "D ia lect ic Sketches, " "Unverstarndi sh, '' Cook; "Barbery Fri tchey, " Anon. ; "An Easter Symbol," Stuart; "Where the F olks am Gone," R iley ; "Description of t he Grip, " Dooley ; "Mrs. Casey's Experience," Anon . Part II. "Ti mo thy' s Quest", by Kate D ouglas ,Wigg i n. In four scenes. On the following Friday the evening was spent 1 "With American Authors." Violin solo, Roy Norris ; Thoreau, Mrs. Adams; Sidney L anier, Martha Green lee; James Lane Allen, Sara J ewell; Vocal Solo, Miss P eterson; Frank Stockton, H elen Osbourn; Charles G. D. Roberts, Delma Brown; p ia no solo, Miss Blume.




Philoma thean

Freda Peten;on. Program fo r Oclobc1· 20 : Piano Duet, Misses Zinn and Baker; r eading Miss Lam bert; whis t li ng due t.. Rache l a nd Beu lah Rade r ; pape r , Mi ss Swanson; pantom ime, "The Last Rose of Summer," Ebba Walstrom, sung by Mi ss Courtwri g ht; reading, Mi ss Cooley ; vocal solo, Ada lyn B lanke nship; "Ma id of the Wi sh," Beulah Ra de r. Program f ur N ove mber 17: Instrumen tal solo, Eva D ill on; song, "Baby's Boat," five g irls ; read ing, Mi ss Arb l c:de; washing <.!ri ll , schoo l children; d •J et, "The Da is.v," Opa l Elli s and Hel en Dye; m,)d e l ki ncl e q~·arten, t eacher , 1\_iss Rhodes, eh i ld rcn, Le ila Courtwri!,; h t, N. m.d e Bc n y, J alLie Hend ri cks, Ma rgar et A nde r son, Helen Gri ece, Cna rles No vak, A r t h•J r A nd L" rson, Ear l Beck. Wil li am Roe ttgar, N oel Tyson. Pr·J gram f or Nove mbe r 24 : P ia no solo, I·h zel J oh nson ; voca l so~o. Mi ss Griffin; tragic comedy, "Th e Ri va ls, ., Cassius Kennedy, Walter Chri stenson, Bryan Moo re ; pant om ime, "A n Old Sweet heart of Mi ne ;'' brass quarte t, Blaine Reed , H a ro ld C~atr:: lain, Verne Had ley. Arthur Longfel low; Life and Work of Ril ey , Miss Iml e r; reading, "The Bea r Story," l\~ i ss Wi lso n; "The Town of Tail ho'," \\'altt.r Chri stenson. After the progr am several me mbe rs gave choice sel:::ctions f r om Riley. On Friday, November 30, we we re carried in to the year 19 31 by a gatherin£ of the fvllowing P h ilomatheans : J. W. Wear, bv::s of Tammany Hall ; Grayce von Te ic ~1, ri val of Paderiwiski; G. S. Hanse n, comic ed i tor of the Ch icago Ledge r; Anna Snyd e r, famous r eader; H. S <.aak, of S .-aa:<, A rmo "J r Co. ; B. C. Hmdricks, presi dent FrL•nch Acade my o · S:! ience; V. C": a ~e lain s . . ccessor to S> .sa ; W. D. Roe~tgu , wc ialis t Mayor • or IV~ i l wa Ltkee.

II our



Latin Club. Monday, November 27, an instructiv program was g iven by the members of the Virg il class, as f ollows : Life of Virg il , Bessie Fagg; Life of Aeneas, Amy Baker ; translation, (a banquet scene) Frances Nevins; Mythology, Rena Ke ith; Litera ry Value of t~e Aeneid , Cecelia H ohne. The progr a m committee is pll:lning a social evening at our next meetin:;. Miss Cla rk has promist to g ive the Latin Club a talk on " Rome," soon after the holidays. .JI.

German Club

The German Club's first meeting after vacation was held November 20. After the s ing ing of a few songs, Miss Griess, t he Club' s new bresident, explaind the evening's entertainment. This consisted of a guessing game of the great men of Germany. The Meetings so far have been keenly enjoyd and also of ed :Jcational value to every German student. The harty cooperation and r edy response c f a ll members indicated a great prog ressiv spirit in t he society Heard in German Clu b: Martha J ohnson exclaims, " Ich habe ein deutscher Mann. '' $

H ealth and Efficiency llub. Pearl Strand . A Helth and Efficiency Club was organizd October 16, the purposes being to give opportunity for presenting matters of vital importance, to cons ider recen t advances in sani tation , a nd to encourage hygie nic li vi ng among the students of the State Norma l.




The officers elected were, Professor Gre_gg, president; Wi lmah Hanks, secret ary; and Pearl Strand, Normalite rep:>rter. At t his first meeting Miss Ra.der gave r esults of personal investigations as to the percentage having spinal curvature in the Lincoln schools. She found that out of one hundred university gi rls, seventy-six per cent had spinal curvature in some f orm; forty-five percent of one hundred high school girls ; and 293 grade school girls were suffering from thi s trouble. Mr. Thacker gave an effectiv talk on suggestiv effects of patent medicine ad:erti~ements, and how people begin to Jmagme they have the disease describd by the artful advertiser. Mr. Thacker has made an exhaustiv study of patent medicine advertisements in connection with his work in sociology, and promises to give us at a later meeting, the r esul ts of one thousand replies to " cure all" advertisements. At the second meeting of the R eit h and Efficiency Club, Dr. Shellhorn talkt on the causes of deformiti es or curvatures of the spine, and the problem of the school in prevent ing such bodily derangements. He also showd how a deformi ty of the spine brot about certain diseases as t hat of spinal tuberculosis, which is incurable. Miss Stoner occupied t he remainder of the hour in discussing helthful clothing from the hygienic and sanitary view poi nts, considering the climatic conditions and the age and occupation of t he individual. We hope later to hear more from Miss Stoner on the subject of hygienic clothi ng. .;1.

Physical Science Club. The Physical Science Club is an organ-

izati on which offers an opport u nity to study the phenomena t hat are closely related to matte1路s treated in class but f or whi ch the1路e is no time in lhe class per iod. It ser ves as a place for lhe introducing of physical advances, t he enjoy ing of the spectacu la r aspecls of the physical sciences, as we ll as having a soc ial fu nct ion. The Club m eets every o the r Mo nday ni g h t, or a lte r nately with t he Scie nce association. Ever y P hys ical s c ie nce member should a lso be a member of t his association. The first separa t e m ee ting of the club t ook p lace October 16, a nd the f ollow ing o fficers we 1路e e lected : Chares Novak, preside n t ; Alta W_e lls, vice president; Ellis Fry , secretary ; Alb in Johnson, reporte r. Afte r the e lection of officers the club had the plesure of obser ving some inte nsely interesting ''demonstr ati ons in low temperature." M iss An na Sugh rue and Professor H oyt performd the experime nts. t hey By means of liquid ammon ia broug ht abou t several inter esting t hings due t o fr ig id temperature, vi z. : t he freezing of cranberri es, r oses, water, mercury, and the absorption of ammonia gas by wat e r and by charcoal over mer cury. At our second meeting, October 30, Prof essor Hoyt performd a se1路ies of experiments w ith water, bringing out several facts concerning_ this liqu id t hat many would, no doubt, hes itate to believe by merely b e ing told about it . The third m eeting , Novembe r 20, was given over to Professor H e ndri cks, and, as was expected, prov~d imme nsely instructiv and inter esting. The subj ect treated was "The wether man' s secrets." Professor H endricks was assisted by Mr. Novak, who operated t he stereopticon slides, the professor offer ing the necessary e lucidation.

TH8 Dr<Hn at ic Club.

Susy M. Smith . On Tuesday en.•ninp:, November 2 the commed ietta, "When Greek Meets Greek," was p l (·a~i np:ly presented by the followi ng cast: Mr. , chofield. 1\I r . Ray Lundy ; T orn Akland . Mr. Hal Giasgow; Mrs. Schofie ld , Miss l\1 inni e Foster ; Etta Winn ingham, M iss A lta \\" illiams. The " Kle ptoman iac'' ma kes he r fir::.t appearance next mo nl h .

II Wifb th~ Class~s




Se nior Notes.

J essie Modlin recen t ly enter ta ind h Pr mother who was on he r way to Kansas City. Miss Ge ib, of Spr ing fie ld, Nebraska, visited with Gertr ude L . S mi t h a short ti me t he latter pa r t of October. T hose of the class who are to be graduated a t t he end of the semester have begun wr iting the ir t heses . Madam R u mor has it t ha t Mr. Dorsey is ver y well infor md in regard t o t he contemplated restricti ons g ove rn ing t he social obligat ions of the Seni or boys . Since vacation t he d evo t iona l exercises of separate cha pel have been cc n :lucted by members of the seni or class. Ger tr ude Smi th led t hese exer cises, Wednesday, Novembe r 15, a nd Arthur And erson, t he fo fl owi ng week. Wit h the des i1·e of securing t he best possible t a lent, a com mi t tee ha s been appointed t o select orator s to del iver the commencement a nd ba cca la ureat e addresses. Anothe r comm ittee has b een i nstructed t o make necessary arra ngements for the annua l Sen ior p lay to be g iven comme nceme n t week. At a specia l class meeti ng he ld November 22, the r e ma ining membe r s of

the Peruv ian staff were elected.. The names of those choses a re as follows Mabel Swanson, rel ig ious ed itor; Alta Wells. sen ior ed itor ; Lydia Adams, ar t editor : R. R. Ralston, cartoonist; Martha Greenlee, literary ed itor ; Bertha Lambart, society ed ito r ; Henry Moyer, editor of f unny depar t ment ; · cather ine Greenlee, organization edi tor; Hazel Taylor, a lu n: ni ed itor; Ray Lundy, a thlc;:tic ed i tor ; He nry Schot t, Ward N ippert, and Anna M. J am ison, add it ional cale ndar ed i tors ; Cinna Bur ch, stenog raphe r. The most enjoyable event in which the Senior class has t hus far participated was a ha rd t imes party g iven in t he admin istration bui ld ing on t he evening of November 1. Each member was t o come d rest in old clothes, a prize being offer ed to the one who lookt t he worst . A more tatterd and destit ute looking crowd would be hard to fi nd. Mar garet Ande rson, as a typical representation of the Irish wash woman, carried off t he pri ze. The play ing of old fashioned games, together w it h other enter tainmen t kept t he company in a r iot of mer r iment a nd joll ity t hr uout the evening. Appropr iate r efreshments consisting of doug hnu ts, apples, cider and pumpkin pie were ser vd, af ter which a flashlig ht pi ctur e was taken of the group, that each mig h t have something t o remind him of t he plesur a ble event. At class chapel, December 6, the class d ecided t hat the ser vices of Mrs. Nettleton should be securd as coach for t he seni or play. We ar e t o be considerd for t u nate in thus obtaining such valuable help to p r epare this important commencement f unction. Junior Class. Sadye E. J ones. A r e medy for the blues: a t a J u nior ."

" J ust look



Junior class chapel was held in the balcon y of the gymnasi um on November 15. M. Christenson led the devotional exe:!ises. On November 22, Miss Hendricks led the devotional exercises, and a solo was r endered by l'ICi ss Edith Cornell, which was appreciated by a ll. Sixty-one members of the class have made application for Junior certificates . It is to be hopt that the possession of such a certificate will not tempt anyone from completing his normal course unless absolute necessity requires it. There is a better certificate and a correspondingly better position at the end of another year' s work.

way. The Juni ors kindly took him in and so hosp itably e n te rtaincl him that he could hard ly be pers uaded t o take his de part ure. Near t he close o f the evening he j o ind the rest of hi s class mates who acted as guards at the wind ows outs ide. Excel lent refreshmen ts bro ugh t the evening to a cl ose. Juni ors ' unguarded c:ayings : Mi ss Goshe n : Gi ve us an exa mple of an afte r image. Miss Reynolds : In t he drawing class we lookt at red for two minutes w ith our eyes shut, and the n opend th em and saw g r een.

Professor J ean (on botanical class i fication:) I suspect if I should look into The House quartet departed for a some of you g irls' b ureau drawe rs, I week's tour over the state November would find your hand ke rchiefs piled in A. Wick29. We are proud to cla im one place; ribbons neat ly folded in anland, one of the members of that organiother place; g loves here, a nd other arzation. ticles of wearing apparel each by itself ¡ Resoluti ons of sympathy were drawn in its own place. up by comm ittees selected for the purStude nts : Laughter . pose, occassiond by the deth of the Professo r J ean: Students, I mean brother of Miss Edna Ekwall, and of the this in earnest, but you seem to take i t grandfather of Miss Harmon. Copies of as a j oke. these resolutions were sent to our beWhen Mr. Mewhirter reads his zooloreavd class mates, but we wish here to gy lesson , we all know it : but w hen d oes record agai n our concern for t hese our he do it? friends. Mr. E lle nberger has changed h is tune Miss Blackman returnd to her home in of "Golden Hair" to " I Wonder What Beaver City, Saturday, November 25, after having completed her junior next? " course. Miss Goshen, explaini ng the fortifications of the castles of t he nobles, askt One of the plesantest events of the what danger ther e was t here in t he eneseason occurrd on Wednesday evening , my's trying to cr oss the fortifications. November 22, when the Juniors assemMr. Staak : They would make a good bled in the basement of the libr ary at target to shoot at, tha t' s alI. e ight o'clock for a social time. The rooms were decorated in the class colors, Nigger, Ni gger, hoe-potatoe, H alf past alligator, brown and gold. Games and contests wer e among the enjoyments of the evenRam-bam, boom-ba, ing, but the chi ef source of plesure was Nigger chicka, wah, wah, the arrival of a senior who had lost his Juniors ! !





Soph omore. Haze l Johnson . The separate class meet ing- of October 25, brot very sad ne\\·s, t he rt>s ig-na ion of Mrs. Nettl eton as uur class a ch ·i so r. I t is imposs ibl e to expr,•s:; ou r r eg-re t in this matter. Mrs . Nettleton has been our advisor si nce our enlrance into t he Normal a nd has cl one so much in Q'Jr be half that we are g rca Ll~· i ndeblecl to her. While we fee l g r ieYd t o lose h e r , we cannot b ut co n :; icl ~ r o:.1 rsc lv .:!s fort una te in that M iss E llis has kind ly consen ted t o take her place. In the memory o f every Sophomor e lives the ha p py rec) ll cct ions of th e Octo ber p icnic in Neal 's pasture. T he custo mary games were p layd a nd j ol li ty re ig nd em e. Supper e legans was ser ved in the g low of the r ed campfire. L ater Mrs . N e ttl e to n fa vo r d us w ith two excell ent readings . These were fo llowed by ex hibi t ions of or ato ry, class songs, and t he good old yell , "S-S-ophoo-omo-r-r-res- Sophomor es. '' . T h us came to a close our firs t soc ial event of the season. An ot h e r social f unction in the f orm of a class pa r ty is be ing p la nd for the near futu r e, t oward wh ich we are looking with plesu re . Miss Coo ley and Miss A rbuckle , members of t he Senior cla ss, have been v is itors a t our separate chapel. Both r enderd r ead ings which we re g reatly e njoyd. At a meet ing of the Sophomore b oys, November 20, J ohn Wear was e lected captain of the baske t ball t eam, and Ro land Wickha m, m anager. They report a good showi ng for the com ing sea son. Sweaters in class color are n ow being worn by a maj ority of our boys. T hey are whi te wit h "C 14" in olive g reen upon them. Nine Sophomores have s ucceeded in ma king the footba ll t eams . Ludka, B. Jones, Meyers a nd Wi ckha m , the first;

M. Jones, Albin, Lawrence, Do?ovan and Knisely, the second. .11-

High School. Rachael Ra der. Si h·ea and gold! T enth g rade. Yellow and Black! N inth grade. On Wednesday, N ovember 15, four members of t he tenth g rade debated the question. Reso lvd, that football is prefe ra b le to baseball in colleges. Affirma t iv, Martha H oadley a nd Dean Smith; negativ, Rachael Rader a nd Frank Da llam. The judges decided in favor of the negat iv. Delma a nd Ada H armon were cald home because of t he deth of t heir g ra ndfather. H. S. ' 13, is the emblem on the new sweate rs worn by members of t he ninth g r ade. Hig h school inspector , A. A. Reed was a welcome vis itor , November 23 . R oo m supervisor s assignd to the high school for the second q uarter are, Misses Neo la Parson, Minnie Sublette and Mr. Burrelle. II

musi~ D~partm~nt 11

The g lee club is a host this year innumbers , a nd the talent is not inf~rior to that of other year s. The evening re hearsa l plan lets in the athletic boys, who love t o sa) ye t heir wounds by vocalizing their r equest t o "Come, pretty maid, with me to T imbuctoo. "


The baritone section u pon which so much depends, has in it three f ormer member s, H ar old Humphreys, George. Hanson a nd Frank Ellenberger . The bassos a r e so many t hat ·we don't try to count them. The first tenors are few but ch oice, and as t he writer of this column s ings second t enor this year that section can ' t be gracefully commented




upon. Interest in the r ehearsals is intense and sustaind . At t he annual May Festi val to be held in t he chapel on tbe twenty-thi rd of next May, t he chorus will present Felix Mendelssohn's "Hymn of Praise." Wo rk has a lready been begun in t he pre parati on for this event and Dr. House is confid en t that he w i II be able to secure w:>rld famous artists f or the occasion. One hundred and twenty-s ix studen ts are r egisterd for chorus this semester and they have been working hard and l.ave accomplishd a gr eat dea l during t he month. "Lady Bird',' by F. H. Cowan, and "0, Hush Thee, my Babie, " by A. S. Sull ivan, are t wo selecti ons upon wh ich they have been working. Do the students know : That President Hayes sing;;; a low C to make the windows rattle? That Miss Mutz bas a very sweet and sympathetic alto voice? That Miss Goshen a lways s ings the chapel hymns with precision and evident enjoymet? That Mr. Gregg's t enor is much better than the average? Query: Why not have a faculty quartet?

II [ocal and P~rs~naJ II The House quartet left Peru November 24, ~o make a concert tour over the state, lasting abou t t en days. Professors Thacker and J ean, a nd Misses Austin and Rader and President Hayes, witnest the Nebraska Michigan game at Li ncol n, November 18. M iss Ferguson entertaind the studeu ts, Deecmber 5, during t he chape l per ioc;l wit h a shor t lecture on paper bag cooking. A special invitation was t enderd the students to visit the domestic science laboratory on some Tu~sday or Thursday.

J esse H e nd ri cks came in lo w itness the Kearney g a m e a nd v is it w ith hi s brothe r, Prof essor H e ndricks of t.he physics d epar tment. Professor R. H. H o use made a practical d e m ons tra t ion of lhc use of I i terature for ope ning exer c is es in publi c school wo rk during the Chapel pe riod, November 21. Professor H oyt, of t he c hem istry depa r tme n t has jus t returnd fro m a bm;iness trip to Sa li na, Kansa s . P r ofessor H oyt was former ly a teacher in t he Kansas Wesleyan Un ive r s i ty at that pl ace. Because of the class o lym pics he ld on Friday, Dec~m ber 1, t he student body recei vel a n extra day of vacat io n. Most of t he students re ma in d, but a few made themselves co nspicuous at t he contest by the ir absence. The Normalite w ill be r eady fo r mai ling between t he tenth a nd fifteen th of each m on th f or the rest of t he ye¡a r. S ubscriber s s hou ld r em embe r t hat a ll s ubscr ipti ons are due b efor e the issuing of the January nmuber and s hou ld r e mit for same t o t he bus in ess manager. Professor 0 I mstead has accepted a governmen t p osi t ion in the B ureau of Weights and Standards. We are glad he such r ecognit ion, but nas r eceivd should like t o have had him r e main at P eru. Mr: Olmst ead h as r esignd his pos iti on he r e, di sposed of hi s prope rty, and has left for Washing t o n, D . _C., wher e he begins hi s new wo rk the middle of December. The new rooms of the art d epartment over the library were g ive n a "house warming" , November 14. An exhibi t of genuine Japanese art pi eces fo rmd t he art setting of the rooms, a nd t ea and wafers were servd b y the yo ung ladi es of t he department who f or thi s occas ion we re gownd after the fas hi on of the far orient. The affair was in charge of Mi ss Mutz, hed of the a r t d epartme nt,



and an uncommon J_,. in lt•r t•sli ng- talk on Japanese a r t was made b.'· l\ 1iss Halsto n a department assislanl. '


ing on "The Young .Man ' s Problem , Dr·. Hall presented some r;1atter that ,,:as a revelation to his hearers, a nd tha t car:On N ovember· 2~. Pr,ft•.-;snr F. :\I. no t fail to be directly helpf ul to every Gregg a drest lhe studL'n t h o d.'·. during one pr·esent. and to m:llt ipli ed num bers the chapel period nn the topic of · ·Scien- y e t to be bene fited by t.hose pr esent . t ific Manage ment." Thi s is one of a I t. wi ll be interesting to Per uvia ns to series of talks t,t) be g ivt•n fr nm time to know that Dr. H a ll got his boyhood ed utime at t he chapel. cat ion a f e w m iles west of Minersville, and t hat h is mother taught one of the firs t ter riro ri ~l schools in Nebraska at The Coming of Dr. Winfield S. H a ll. 1\Iine rsYille . (then Otoe Ci ty) in 1 57. Monday, December -1, is a day to be L ater Dr. H all taught in the schools of remembered as one of t he most v i tal h · Adams county a nd became coun ty superhelpful days in t he cu r n: n L scho lasli~ inte ndent t he re. Becom ing interested in b iology, he completed the classica l year. Opinions will di ff e r sl ig-h t ly on this, but a ve ry la r g-e ma j or·i t.'· of s tu- and med ica l courses a t Nor thwestern U ni vers ity a nd t he un iveris ty of P enndents, fac ulty and v illag-e rs a re un ifo rm in expressions of g ra ti t ude to D r. H a ll syh·a nia, a nd later on took an M. D. a nd Ph . D. at L e i psic, where he specialized f or his f our addr·esses on sex hyg ie ne . on t he s ubjects of foods a nd nutrition. It is a som ewh a t new fie ld f or· academ ic instructi on, but one th at e d ucators the H e has held several importa nt positi ons, country over fee l m ust fi nd a p lace in a nd is at p resent dean of t he N orthwestour public school c u rr ic u! ums . We ern Uni versi ty Med ical college, Chicago. m us t prov id e drinking fo un tains of t ru t h H e g ives uni vers ity lectures fo ur days in the week and s pends Sunday in vari ous r egarding the v i ta l t hings of life ins t ed c ities lecturing on sex questions before of permitting our boys a nd g irls to g·o to Y. M. C. A. 's and other such organi zathe puddles of the bac k all ey to sa t isfy tions. L ast yeru· he addrest 50, 000 peotheir t hirs t f or inf ormat ion they are e nple . titl ed to have. P eru has been exceeding ly f ortunate to Dr. Hall a ddrest t he s tud ents a t t he get so d is ting uish t a ma n, a nd great chapel hour on the '' P sych ology a nd P ed- tha nks are due to the state and national agogy of Adolescense, " crowd ing in a Y. M. C. A., throug h whose e ffor ts this t erm's work in p edagogy in s impl e and pri v ilege came to the local ass9ciati ons yet enduring ly v ivid pa rag r aphs. A t in Peru. the senior confe re nce hour he spoke to .;f. Professor Week' s Boy S co uts in t he presMapes was buy ing a comb. Clerk: ence of the senior class, on some things a D o you want a narrow man's comb ? boy scout should be and kn ow. Mapes : No. I want a ,comb f or a From 4 :30 t o 5 :30, Dr. H a ll s poke to s tout man with rubber teeth. over 600 ladies, yo ung a nd o ld , on t he How to ki II a college paper: Ins ted theme, " A Physic ia n's M essage to hi s of s ubscr ibing, borrow your ne ig hbor 's. Daug hter." It wa s a ca ndid, c lean, sc iBe a paras ite. entifi c, gentlemanl y t reatme n t of a de liThe Pe ru Norma l Quartet this year is cate but vas tly impor t ant t opi c. composed of Prof essors P ower and Round The address to men in the e ve ning was H ouse and Messrs. Ande rson and Wickheard by a ll the yo ung m e n of the schoo l land. - One of the sta te papers. a nd many me n f r om t he t own. Speak-

When You can't get what you want In School Supplies, Groceries or Candies try at The Avenue Store. They make a Specialty of having what you want.

Yowl'S Fo1¡ Husiness

F. A. Golgnazicr

In Receiving



Graduate or Bride A j ewelry stor e is the bes t place to find something dain ty and novel for the g ir l graduate or bride .


-there is alway.s satisfaction especially if they were chosen from our Christmas F loral exhibits. We have some of the daintiest and most perfect blossoms that could be gathered-Chrysanthemums, a ll kinds of potted plants, Wreaths , Holly, Mistletoe and seasonable flowers are here in beautiful d isplay. Some little floral tribute from our store would prove a most appropriate remembrance.


How im portant to g ive her something of intrin si c va lue that she wi 11 treasure with prid e for a li fe time. Don't fail to see our stock of diamond s, watches c locks, s il verware cut g lass or ch ina.

J. P. Mikkelsen Nebtaska C i ty, Nebraska


G. E. Berthold -o--

G. E. Berthold Bell 324 Ind. 404


lrl W. Wright Phone 124


N. ... S:·Harajian, :A B.;D;D .S. Resident Dentist • DR. B. L. ' SHELLHORN D ~"'r.. ·--J os ... G . v acek ~ Residence_Phone-6 , .Dentist I


Office over Rexall Store :f'h~pe ~1



· Office wi-tli Dr. Neal Gas given for extractions and sensitive teeth



Joseph ·K ·-r e·p ela MerGhant 'railor Ladies' Overcoats, Jackets and Suits made to order, or cleaned, repaired and pressed. Gentlemen's Suits made to order. Perfect fit guaranteed. Repairing, cleaning and pressing for very reasonable prices. · · Stupents and citizens, ,give me a tidal. All work absolutely

guar~n~~~~d :·


.. -!J.


' .



$2.00 Per Day



Good Accomodatiqns Your Patr-onage Solicited '•'•









P~rlt _

- ..




- .. ·-··------· -·- -- Kimball Laund ~Y •••



- -~

Work, Service, and Satisfaction Coll~ctions Monday. Qe_Uver:s. ~~~~days.


RQuse, Agent

We Solicit the Accounts oi Normal Students Deposit your money with us for the school y~ar and pay y our bills by checks. You thus h a ve a pla ce of &afety ror your money and you g a in a v a luable business experience in caring for your a cco unt.

CITIZENS STATE BANK The N. s. N. s. Jewelry and Novelty






Jewelry the Gift o fGifts I t 's So-Fo r a gift ought to be somethiag more than the mere presentation o f something w o rth about so much. The aesthetic sense ouj;tht to b e recog nized the fitness of the gift t o the occasion ou~Zht to be considered. Thus you always find Christmas â&#x20AC;¢nd jewelry insepara ble.




Appreciates and solicits the trade of Normal Students.

c. C bate I a in


The question for y ou to d ecide is what article of Jew elry i1 the most suitable to ea ch ca se and we believe that your acquaitance with the hones ty of this store will ena ble you to select anrthing you will need tn any su bject you may choose.

Wm. 'I'ynon, President C. R . Welden, Vice Pr~sideat} R. W. Kel{v, Cashier '

Deposit your money here and check it out as you need it.

THE JANUARY, l91-2 .


Go to Cleveland's During l9l2 THE



1911 ~

You can find the best in LADIES and GENTS wearing appearl.

_ :\-".

You will find

our ready to wear Department the most (. ,

. . . .. .

. , .•


. ... 'r

. ·~¥:_

complete and up to date in Nberaska CitY .

We thank you for your gener-

ous patronage during the past year and invite your inspecition of our 1912 stock.




STUDENTS••• Make our sto~e your headquarters.

Come in an rest ~nd ask

all the questions you wish.


norma lit¢ VOLUME VI.


manual training and





F. C. Smith, B. Sc. More progre3> has b een made in the past half centur; t ha n in any othe r per iod of three ti mes its le ngth. The P y ramids r epresent the labo r of hundreds of men for scores of years but we build a mod ~rn s kyscrape r in a few weeks. Columbus was months in c rossing the Atlantic, but we make the trip now in a f ew days. L ewis and Cla rk spent severa l months on their firs t j ourney t o the Pacific, but we make the trip now in a palace car in four days. One hundred ye,ars ago communication was slow but now we talk directly with any part of the known world. The earth and its el ement have been conque rd ; the lig htning has b een made s ubservie nt t o man's wish a nd the bird men are now conquering air. We hardly know what to expect next. N othing seems too great fo r ma n. This same half century sh ows as great progress in educati on as in science, commerce or transportati on. ¡ Fifty years ago the children of the poorer classes r eceivd a ve ry meager sch oo ling . The boy who did not expect to enter the professions felt little need of educati on and the g irl that studied farther than the r eaders and arithmetic w _s the exception. Today our com pul sory edacation laws are bringing lerning into every home. Ci v ilized nations spend millions

of dolla rs to train their youth into intelligent citizenship. But more radica l tha n these changes has come an addi t ion t o the modern curriculum. Education is now a iming toward a traind hand as well as a cultured m ind. To the old time course has been added the industrial sciences, including agriculture, domestic science and manua l training. It is the purpose of this paper to discuss the place of the latter. Manua l cannot supplant the other branches of education. It can only supp lement. Modern educators realize that the student n_eeds the study of language, math emati cs, history and science to give him culture and to train his mental power s. But modern educators also realize that the pursuit of these branches alone does n ot complete his education or fully fit him f or contact with the world. Twenty years ago the teacher instilld in the boy's mind the idea that he must become a president, a statesman, a poet , or a soldi er. They ta ught him the past but ignord the presen t. It was beneath the ir dignity to st udy the structure of the eods, or Ero : k' yn bridge, altho it was evdience of hi gh scholarship to be able to describe in detail Caesar's bridge across the Rhi ne. When he left coll ege he enterd a world he could not under-





st a nd . Hi s fellow citizens spoke no Latin, carried no javelins, feard no conquer ing Alexander, and had ceased to talk of Mary, Queen of Scotts. Columbus had a lredy di scovered Amer ica. People no longer went on crusades a nd t he holy a ltars had crumbled to ruin. Men di d not seem sane and t he only place tha t was home to him was back in the covers of his college books. He wa~ a stranget· and t hey took him not in, he was na ked and they clothed him not, he was hungry a .1d they fed him not. So he went back

mus t do some t h · ng so we can send out more yo ung peo pl e w h o are w illing a nd a ble to work a t the Lracles . It is u njust ttJ equi p ou r sc hools w i t h une xce lled facili t ies f or classica l educa t ion a n d ent irely to fo rge t l he indus t 1· ial. T hose who are fi t ted f o r m a nual labo r sh ould be be tte r tra ind f or t he ir o wn wo rk . It is not t he object of man ua l training to teach sp .. c ifi c t rades a nd to t urn out ski d a nd expe r ie nced wo rk me n. Its obj ect is ra t he r to g ive t ho ro dr ill in the element s of t he prod uctiv pursu i t s, t o

M ANUA L Tn A I N I NG DEJ'ART ?.! EN'f . /'

to school teaching what he had been

taught. It is not enough to instruct a youth in the common branches a lone and t hen leave him. If our educat ion ca n inc! ude more of t he modern and the practical our boys need not be so helpless when t hr own upon their own resources. T hey need not feel strange at the forge or work bench or behi nd the counter selling goods: The present tendency is too grea t f or our pup ils to go out as clerks, bookkeepers, agents and office seekers. We

lay a good f oundati on o n w hi ch the f uture tradesman can build. It al so affords the boy an opportunity t o test his apt ness fo r ind ustria l labor. Few b oys enter school with defin ite ideas of wha t they a re best s uited t o be. Many of the m leav schoo l with just as v ague ideas of their f uture . Manual tra ining g ives t hese students a c ha nce t o find t hem selvs. Bef ore he h as fini sh t this course the stud ent knows w h ether or not h e can be a good a r tisa n a nd en joy it . But t he benefits of manua l t r a ining



are not limited to the studen t whose f uture is tha t of a t radesma n, a ny more t han are the bene fits of Latin a nd Greek entirely f o1· the stude nt who expects to devote his life to intellectual p u rsu i t~. There arc many benefi ts which accr ue t o every pu pi l who e n ters the cia~. Ma nual t ra ining d evelops t he correlation between the bra in and t he muscles. The stude nt lerns to act as well as to th ink. He gains, not something to do, but the idea of d oing· so mething . When he leavs s::hoo l hi s calling may be t hat of a draftsm'ln, ca r penter, or clerk, or it may be t hat of a mi ni st er , t eache r , or lawyer. Bu t in a ny case he is fi tted to bring to it the best activ it ies of h is head, h is heart a nd h is ha nds. Pi ct ur e t o you rself two boys, br.:>thers, entering hi g h schoo l in their ear ly t eens. G:ve to only one of t he m t he ad vantag es of manua l t ra in ing . P lace the m s ide by si d:! in t he science lab :>rato ri es and S3e w·1ich gets m ) rc f r .:>m h i; ex ~nr i m en ~ ;:;. The manual train ing boy sees things in the appa··atus a nd operations t hat his brJ t her w il n ~vc r se3. P u t them i n the g }omo ~ ry class and how much m::>re r eadily wil l one g r asp the problems, how much more clear ly will he expla in a complicated fig ure. When the teacher explains a proble m or constructs a p iece of a ppar a tus before the m they see it w ith differ ent eyes an :l f r om differ ent m ental images. One is prepar ed f or resu lts and q uick t : > inter pr et phenomena wh ile t he other suggests at random. One c.:>n structs apparatus intelligent ly beca use he understands cons truction a nd can see a thing in its par ts. T he other ' s ideas are vag ue and h is efforts a re conf used and helpless. S : > me sc:1ools ar e wisely r equi ring a p r elim inary course in nn n .ta l train ing before the p hysical sciences are attempted. I n the ma n ual t ra ining shop t he boy with strong mecha nical inclinat ions, bJt who is s low of speech, has a n equa l op-


portunity wit h the boy whose speech is r edy and whose memory is good. He can express himself in a piece of work. He can see exactly what he is doing and can mesure the results with his own eyes. The boy wan ts to see r easons and r esul ts. T here is an appeal f or him in th ing s which are tangible. It has a lways been a problem how to ma intain in onr boys an inter est in school which will keep them t her e thr uout the course. One superintendent writes t hat of 108 w:-10 enterd his pri mary g rades 20 fin ish t the gramma r g rade, four reach t t he sophomore year of the hig h ·school, and only one gr ad uated. T he r epor t f ro m a nother large city school shows that not ha lf of those fini shing the gr ammar grade enter the high school and not t wenty per cent of these ever gr aduate. One superintendent offers the f ollowi ng data: Seventy per cen t of the boys who leave schoo l before reaching the fifth g r ade leav fo r these causes: Withdrawn by illness and deth .05 Driven away by poverty .10 Those who wi ll neither study nor work and will shun a ll decent society . 10 Those pu t to wor k by selfish parents desiri ng the ir wages . 10 Wi thdrawn to enter pr iva te schools . 10 Withdrawn because they find school .45 d ull, tiresome an unpr ofitable The la t ter class find in school ne ither the stimulus of a s trong in ter est nor t he promi se of adeq uate reward in the way of valuable prepara ti on for t he work of I ife. They consi det· more profitable an apprent iceship in a me rcant ile or manuf act•Jring establi shment. Ther e is no doub t b :1t that half of all these w ithdrawa ls c::> uld be preven ted by well organ ized free man ual t rai ning schoo ls. Many par en ts a re now taking thei r boys out of publ ic schoo ls and payin.s a 3 much as a h•Jndred dolla rs a year tu it ion for t hem in ma nua l tr a ining schools. Wh ere t hi s work for ms a par t




of the regular scho)) curriculum the report s differ greatly from th :>se quoted above. One superi ntendent writes, "Of the seventy-nine boys who took manua l training last year , seventy-five remaineJ i:1 school at the end of the year. " From parents SJch reports as t:1ese CJmein: "My boy was never so in terested in s:.:hool , never s t·Jdied so har J, an-i n ev~r had so m'Jch to tell ab::>ut his sc:10;:> l work as now." This work n:>t only J.ol ~s be boy in school but keeps him out of misch ief both in school and out. There has not been a Saturday since I began this wor k t1at I have not ha:l req uests to allow certain pupils to spend their odd ti~e in the shop. The fir5t day of the p:.:~s t Christmas vacation twenty-five , p ~p i Is spen t the entire day in t~e m1n al tra ining room making presents for their parents and fri ends. Nearly every boy fits up a supplementary shop at home wher e he spends hours of his t ime. His mind a~ well as his hand is occupied and temptati on does n:>t find a listening ear or a n idle hand. If manual trai ning can t hus interest a boy in his legitimate work is it not serving a great purpose in pres~nt day education? The secret of t he Boy Scout movement lies in the great inter est created. If mai.lnal train ing could do n::> more than interest boys in school work it would be worth a place in every school curriculum. N ot only must pupils be interested in S:!nool activities but they must a lso be interested in labor as such. · They must lern its dignity and its necessity. They ought to lern to t hink, but they must !ern to work. Both results cannot be accomplisht by any one course of study. Theory alone will not create in you ths a desire to work, to accomplish something with their own hands. If we want to teach a boy to swim we do not g ive hi m a book of instructions and calculate the

energy of his every s Lro~~e . Nor do we s impl y tqke the yo un t \.·r Lo t he por.d and throw him in , Lc lli11 ! h im t o swim or di e . But we c:h )\V him h ow it is done, and und er in te ll ig-<.: n t s~1pn :,r i sic. n he is soon able t ;:> s wim a nd c njiJy i t. S.> wa must craate an in te re;L in ma nua l lab::> r an~ we m 1st give t hL' child ex perie nc ~s of his own . Th en if h is effor ts are card .il ly go..1 ided he wi II soo n d evelop in to a skill fu l an-] usef.d m e mbe r of s : >ci ety who is not a, ham ed o1· afra id to use his ha nds. Tra in i n ~ t he manual ar ts is not without its infl ul;nce on t he esthetic part of the boy. Tr:.1Lhfu lness is developt because t he resu It of every action is r ecorded in his wot·k in co ncrete form. Every slig h t is ev id e n t in t he final res·J ltAccJracy in li ttl e th ings becomes a habit. An 1 the student lerns t o app t·eciate sym ~ tr y a nJ bea·.1ty. Finally, manual training w ill make of our boys bette r citize ns . The ir pursuits in after life may not li e amonz practical things and yet t hey can neve r be as impractical as they migh t ha ve been w ithout this early training . Every citizen should be able to · d iscuss w i t h intelli gence the_ proble ms hi s city m eets. H e should understand la bor prob lems and have definite ideas f or public improvments . In a certai n co::mty in Iowa t he county commissioners let a contr act for a hundr . d thousand dollar bridge. When it was complete and t h e contractor cald for his money t hey found that no provision had been made for approaches. The county f ound itself w ith a b ri dge worth a hundred thousand dollars o ut in t he middle of t he str eam, but w ith no means of reach ing i t. If these m e n had lernd t o constr uct and menta lly to visualize resuults t hey could not have made such a mistake. Let u s trai n c it izens capable of controlling our affairs intelligentally. We do not cla im that ma nual traini ng is the only importa nt part of ed ucation, nor that it is a panacea for a ll of its

THE NORMALITE ailments, but we do c!a im that it is a cure for many of its diseases. We must recogni ze its importance in modern ed ucati on ¡and admi t t hat a t ra ind mind is ineffi cient w ilhoul a sk ild hand. .JI.

Domestic Art in the Secondar y Schools.

Myrtle 1' erp:uson . Eve r s ince Froebe l taught that we should train a c!1 il d's natural activity if we would harmoni ous ly develop hi m, ha nd wo r k ha::; been g iven a new mea n-


something of life-l ong use to him. It was not many year s until material results wer e forgotten and an attempt was made to t ra in the brain and the will thru the hand . If we expect a sewing course to add t o the mental and moral strength of a child, if we hope to creat e in him a desire for the natura l and beautiful, we must conw it h the sider fi rst of all t he child. yo unger pupils of .the secondary schools, we need to require some practis on the stitches befor e beginni ng a garment, but


ing . The us ual for m of hand work t hruout all nati ons is sewing. Th is comes so close to t he natura l interest s of ch il dren that in t he pas t two years sewing has come to be cons iderd an important part of the public school course. Its introducti on in t') the secondary scho ols was fo r utilitaria n purposes. G irls did not !ern to sew at home, a nd because it was felt that they needed the information, the schools tr ied t o r emedy the wTong . Even from thi s standpoint the work ha~ much to recommend it, f or the child has

the practis should be conti nued only long enough t o !ern the movments necessary t o make t hose stitches. Tiresome repetiti on will never produce skill in t houg ht or ac tion. Let t hose little fingers work over something t hat is consi derd by them as worth doing, wearing apparel for a doll for instance, and their little bodi es will quiver w it h interest. The sewing required in the first fou r grades may well be named handwork. Ther e are so many fields from whi ch thi s hand work may be selected, that it




is never necessary to confine the work to one branch of industry. The common occupations are always studied in these grades, and excellent opportunities are afforded for developing lessons along these subjects; coarse sewing, weav ing, raffia work, carding, spinning, dyeing; calico printing. In these grades, boys and girls should be together in all of their work. The work may be given by the regular teacher in so many forms that it is interesting to both sexes. Later the girls may continue the work in a group by themselves, while the boys take up another phase of hand work suited to their interests. A special teacher will probably be required for the hig her grades, or perhaps a supervisor wil1 be appointed whose duty it is to instruct the grade teachers. Domestic art in the fifth and sixth grades deals with work with dolls. The sewing includes the articles needed for a doll 's hou"se, such as mattresses sheets, pillowcases, and curta.i ns as' well as doll's clothing. Here we rr:ay well begin work in color and des ign, and such lessons should continue thruout the entire course. From the simple work of ornamenting a li ttle mat or book cover, we proceed to the more elaborate designs for hats,shirtwaists, and house decorat ions. We may expect simplicity in results, harmonious combinations, and correct placings to be attaind only very gradually. Many children will never !ern to make a beautiful design, but they will !ern to appreciate properly constructed articles. Whatever is demanded by. women in their buing, these are the things that the industries are going to produce. If we do not desire to have our home furnishings vulgar, our clothing common-place, or our shape crowded with poorly constructed things, we should so educate the children t hat the art of every day living will be improvd . It is not wise nor indeed usually possi -

ble, to teach advanced drc>'smaking in the secondary school s . Howe ve r . it is desirable to t each g irls in the seventh and eighth grades to c ut and fit the simple garments that t hey wear. It would surprise us to !e rn t he la rge percentage of chi lei ren who lea,. s chool as soon as the compulsory s<.:hnol years are over. They are fitted to do only unskild labor, yet they must become wage-earners. It is difficut for the m to ern five dollars pe r week, a m e re I i vi ng wage in the c ities . If they begin homes of their on they nre not economic fact o rs for t hey do not think clearly and sho poor management. What a he lp it wo uld be if they could clothe thems e lves economically. This question faces eve ry teacher in an indus trial cent e r. From the equipment and fund s at hand each teache r mus t choose f o r herself the drafting system tha t she wi 11 teach. Some are far beyond othe rs in m eri t, but the system is only a means to an end. We want to prod uce thinking s tudents. It is not sufficient to show a girl how to draft one shi rtwai st, or h ow to make one hat. If we st op to t each the reason for each step, the method is necessa ril y s low, yet it pays in the end. We want t he g irls to be able to cr eate other garments, or to change or readjust materials to s uit the human forms, or to adapt clothing to current style . It is a commonplace saying that patterns are sold in the market at such low prices tha t it is a waste of t ime to teach drafting, especially so as girls are very apt to buy the patterns they need after leaving school. If the teaching of drafting is to be a dictati on exercise, and the result to he only a pattern, t hen the obj ection should be give n careful cons ideration. If the proper methods are used by the teacher in presenting the draft, drafting is not a mechanical process. As a r esult¡ of lerning a drafting system, g irls should have a knowledge (1) of the proper





meth-:>ds of taking mesurement5, (2) of the relation of these mesJr emen ts to a patt:.rn, (3) of t he relation of t he lines to the human fig ~ re; and they should be able o ) ro-l uce a pattern that w i 11 exactly fi t t h;:! f orm w ithout maki ng alterations. If the work of the lower grades is car ri ed on, in t he seventh and e ighth g rades the g irls shoul d be able to draft and m::tke pla in shir ~wa i sts , underwear and a seven gore skir t. W i t h seven years of training in the a r t of living, . is a g irl not better s~ i t ~ I for, no matter what her vocation is to be ? How may we expect a wo:n:111 to ins ~ruct the eamstress,the dressmake r , or the milliner if she has no knowlEdge of the fundamentals of construction ? Many ar e eva ling the question of ind •Js trial educa tion on the ground of cost o£ equ ipm en t anJ maintenance. The initial cost and the yearly maintenance of a sewing course va ri es in different cities. Sometimes i t is desirab le to eliminate all expense and the m ater ia ls may be. brot from home by the child r en, and the work taught by t he r egula r grade t eachers. This method has some drawbacks and the res1,1lts are n_ot as satisfactory as if the work coul ~ be plac3d in the hands of a supe~·v i sor. If the materials are provid-. ed "by t he board of education, the children may b e taught to shop wisely by allowing them to choose f rom samples the materials t o be used . Courses of s tudy may be maintaind at a cost of t en to twenty cen ts per capita per annum. Many sch.ool boards a llow a teache r ooly a cent per term, and t he r esults are surprisingly good . In the uppe1· gra:ies where the full sized garments are made, each child fu r ni shes he r own material. If students of d ometsic art are ena b"led t o help t he mselves, and a t the same tjme are inclined to help ot hers, if t hey are made appreciative of the army of womel'l who work, t hus bettering industrial con-

di t ions, then every g irl Ehould be igv€11 an opport'Jnity of stu~yi ng domestic ar t in t he secondary schools.

Miss Carpenter, directing s ing ing:"When the souls of men are dying for a littl e bit of love,' do you have it g ir ls?"

Agricul\ur e.

The Peru Farmers' Insti tute wi ll l:e held in Peru on February 27 and 28; in conjunction w ith this inst itute will be held t he ann ual corn show in wh ich the students of the agriculture department ar e particularly interested. The score card which is her e r epr esented is used by the insti tute in grading the corn on e;::hibition, and the same system of rati ng will probably be used elsewher e. One pa,rticularly good f eature of this c u·d is that it tells t he student just w~at t o look for, in this way enabling him to go a bout his work systematically a nd with thoro understanding of what to do. We believe therefore that the pul:lication of this score card will prove an efficient help t o t he student of agri cult ure, and wi ll also. be instrumental in placing many P eruvia,ns in the winning class. Ther e are many d ifferent kinds of corn score cards, the chief d ifference being in v1lue of poin ts and in arrangement. For t eacher .:; and pe1pils we believe the arrangement g iven here to be best. For, first, it sets out clearly the chi ef· points ; second, it minimi zes the " fancy points" and emp!-lasizes t he points tha t t he practica l farmer has f ound importan ~ in increasi ng Qi s yieli per acre; third. It agree3 w it:, the Nebraska Corn l mprover:s A~so:: iati on standards and . with Nebr aska Boys' and Gir ls' Bullet in No. 20.


THE NORMALITE C o rn Sc o re Card

WHAT TO LOOK FOR I. flulicntiun of Bree£lin(J S lt UJJ I!

oj' EfL1·

Like cattle and ot h ~r li\'e S Lu ck COJrn \ { sho uld be i nproved by br..-c ding f

Perf. V3 lne


P o iuls

..... . ......... .. .... .. .................. . .. ,, • • ••••••••• • •• , • • • . . • • •• • • • • • • • • • • . • • • . • • • • • • • • . • • • • • . • • • . •..••.•• • ••.••••

W i ll vary w i th variety, cars should not tnpc r ~rcntl." fro rn b u tt t o tip, rtud c irc u .n1f\.· r · e n cc s h ould he o/.&. of length of c:nr, n.H·nsn:-e d V.:1 wa y fron1 ~lntl. A l l o f ll!c • · a: ~ ~>I t hi A exh ib it ~ b on ld look like c lose relat i ves. E11r s hou ld be full 111 c c:ntral poruun. tu cliCHtt n gstrong constitution. Cntfr um ~ t o 5 p o ints accordi n g to dc.en:c o fch: ft·c tivcnc.· !'o~. SIIUJJI~


1{1"')'111: /.'1 .......... .. ...... ................. .. .... ...... . . ...... . .. . ................ . .... . . ... ..... . ... . ................ ..

Sbonld bt-· S IJ ~ h oped as t o fit with each oth e r so as tn l O\\' no \V H S t<.: o f ~ pan· 0 11 l ' Oh. H ence t hcy mn .. t t apc:r .c:rnduall ~,. f r om (•rown t o ti p wi t h th_c: ~tn.tig ~t cdg~s p:n· u ll -:1. ':\II kerncJ s ~ h 11u l d be o t nearl y nne s ize i n o rdc:r to d r o p even ly 111 pla nL1111;. '- til I :! p o ut t J11r cacb ear wi th ditrc r c n t s b a p c d kernels . Culur ttf /(~rJJ t;l ...... ......... .............. ............................... . ............ .. ... ···· ····· ····· ·· ·· · · ··· ··· •····· .... . Kernels s h onld be u nil nrm i n culor. Cut o n c.tcut h point fo r each kerne l that is on· co lor. V ol o r oJ' (.;'o iJ ........... .. .. ..................... ............. . ... . ................. . ........ . ......... ...................... , ...... .. All cobs s b o u ld be uuif,,nn color. Lut fl pui n t~ fo r w h ite c o h i n yc!lo \\' cn 1' n o r ree l cO\) in ·w hite: c o rn-un less a ll a r c one col or. T h is indica tes too w i de \'U r i a li o n t o r ,L.:"u utl !;l' ctl. TijJ:J uu cl I Jtttl .............. ................... . .................... . .. .. .................. . ................ . ....... . . . . .......... ···•·•

Tips filled we ll wit b r.~u i H r u nifo r m kern el s . n o t to o taperiu~ nor too fl a t Add t o getbcr a ll p r otrud i n){ tip• a nd cu t 'h p o i nt fur each i nc h . t:u t '11 point fo r t·ae h ll n t ti o. Btltts wi th even rr.>w• nf kerne ls swelling ou t beyo nd t h e cob e n d. Cut y" pu in t fo r <"nc b poorly fi llet! and l(., p o int fo r each flat butt.




5 5


A rtruptil•il it !I. 2 .; J>o ;,, fs Vorn mu"t be so adapted t o the zone i n wbicb i t i s grow n , t h a t it will co mp l e t e ly fill, " g r o.w tbe longest t ime p ossi ble an d yet mature befo re frost. Stze of Em ·....... ..... .......... .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . ... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. .. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . ..... .......... ........ ... ... ....... . }bkkness a n d l en~ th indicutc..· Jntenesc in maturi t y . The :-4taud a rd for l~ a..:tl' n t Nch rn :-; J.~ a rs '::}~ in,cbes; \Ve.o;tern ~ iuc-hcs. t; u t 1 P u inl for ~ac h c:ar dev i ating !I:! i nch fr o rn thi :i standard. . l l ipeJtf"H..,__ . . • • . . • • • . , . . . . . . . . . . . • . . • . • • . . . . • . . • . . • • • • • . . • • · · · · • · . • • · . . ...... . ..... ..• . . . Indicated bv sot i d i t~'()feR r . fi rmn'~~ o f k ern e l ~ o n c ob and b ri ,:!' hln t·~s o f c o l ot·. l tnn1nture ker nel s are i:spt t o ul-cHk o ff in r crn o vi u g . <.:ut 1 p o in t for c u c h un' r·• pc..· ca r .

F illiurf nf I(P1'1t t!l .ot ...... ..... ................. ............................................................. .... . ........... · · •··· ·· · ..

Kernels should be medium deep, in s trn ig-h t r ows wit h jo st e n o u g h !'\pace bt•t\\'l'C I1 tbc r ows t o dry ou t w e ll and w i th no •pace b e low. Rcrol chaffy crowns indicate l tt tc ~~~rity. Cut '12 point for each fa u lty car. The kern e l s s h o ul d be 85 percent' of we i ;;: h t o f

10 5

III. G?·ow·i ng Powe-r ffnrl Sonnrln e:<s, 2/:i /'oint.-; Tbis iO>tbe tbing most importa nt to the a,·cragc fa rmer to-day, fo r a poor stand must mean a low yie ld. It i s tbc cor n o f I tow \'ita lity that r ots m o s t during c o ld sprin g-s.

SotirUt!l of Cwr n on Cui•. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .'.. · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · .. · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · lnd1causmattl rity and bcnce gr~at growi ng p owe r . C ut '12 point fo r each c a 1· s h owi ng weakn~::ss beTe. ',,,z,,, fro,.,.,.


I ·n.Jrt'111 ... . .. . ......... .. . .. .............. .. .. . . ... .. . ... . .. ..... . ... .. ... . .••••..• •. •..• . ... ••. . .• •. •••• • Cot ber~ according t o what von tbink tb c growi ng power is injured.


Cowl ltinns of Hult. ............... : . .......... . ...................... .. . ......... .. ............... . We b.avc found th r ougb ge rminating tests, tb a t kernel s . , ,· i th wri nkled ·~; ~ii~··~;:~·~·f ·l·.;·,:; ;bltahty o r \VJII n?t grow C~t 1h to 5 ]JOi n ts 3ccordin g to s eriousness, r ez11c n1 be rin g a t corn tbat w1 ll n o t g r ow IS w o rse tb an t>sclcss.


CO I"Ltli.tinJlS of f.: P. rnt ............. . .. . .. . ................ . ......... . . . .......... . . . .. . ... ... . .... . . .. , .••

Long, deep a nd broad with skin tigbt. o i ly a n d brigh t S m a ll , Pale o r ·,~i~jj'' j~.;l~i·~ ;; germs "'!Can lo w ,·i tal ity. Cu t each ea r s h owing wcal<ncss b c rc 1 poin t. If car is dead Ctlt a s btg h a s 1 0 points.


IV. Unijrwmit!/. 25 Points

!bis i~ the point amate u rs miss most in sendi n g c;xhi bits to tbccorn s h ow~. Thto hc>< t wu,· kc~~J~~k one ear, tben ge t nin~ ear s that rnHtc h tt i n C\·cr y way p o ssi b le. Liken ess


I1tdP i tl(tfiQ11> ........ ...... ..... .... .. .. ... . .. ... .. .... . ................... , . ...... ............ . ...... .

A ll kernels sboald be in dented the same. smoother than ::rour type ear.




pomt for each car th ;,;~.. i~ ..;;;~·~i;~·; ~·;

Cot,,.,..•.... ....... .. ................ . ••.. .......•.....•.•.•. ...•..••... .••.•.•.. ... . •• · · ·· ·· · ·· ·· ····· · · ·· ··· ··· ········ · · ···· · ··~ See "Col o r " under l.

S i ::e . .... ......... ....... ... ........... ...... .. ................... ... ......... ... . ............ . .. ... . T a;c two kernels fr om one row 011 each ear. They shonld be. o f the ~~;.;;~·j~;;~i:'h:"i,·;~~ dti~ a n ta~r. Cot '12 pom t for eacb ear that h a s kernels not u n1fo rm wit h rest o f sa mpl e . ...................... .. ................ .............. .. ....... .. .......... .............. ... . Cnt 1 point for eacb car n ot ba,•in g k ern c l8 o f un ifo r m ty pe. .. .. .. ......... .. ... . . .. .... .. . 1!/i ze oj'

Gt:riJt................ .. .. ... . ....... ...... ..... ....•..

··· ·~ · ·· · ······ · ·· · ···· · ··

Tot<~f"~~·. d.e.~p~ b~~.~~.·. ..~~~ .~ .~~~~'.~ .~~.~ •.~~~. e~~ .~"i.~b .~~.~·.~i.~~~~. ~.~~~~ :".' : ·.-:·:· ·.·.-::·.·.·:: ...... :~-·-~::·.·.·:


5 5 5 5




II L . Ne maha C!ar!<. ' 09, co:.mty su perint en 'cn t of Nemt ha Coun ty, has purcha<;ed a new l\h ¡wel l r unabout. Miss Clark is fas t le:rn ing to manage the machine, whi ch wil l 'be a g r eat t ime saver in vi :;itin6¡ c o un ~ ry sch ools. L:u ise W. Mc'l r.:;, ' 95, in addition to her s tudi es at t 11c U ni vers i ty, is acting as assistant insl r Jctor in t he department of geography. Els ie Fi sher. 'OG, who has b een teaching in the Om ~t h a public schools s ince graduation, h a ~ be e n given a year's leav of absence and i:.; study ing at the Ar t Institute in Chi ca.-:ro thi s year. L1is Hill, ' ':17, is taking a rest and vacation at her home near Wahoo, this year . For th e past several years Miss Hill has been teaching at Broken Bow, Nebraska. She is p la n ing on v is iti ng old fri ends and associations in P eru before the schoo l year is over. Gertrude Wa tson , '09, is enjoying her work as eighth g rade t eacher in the Omaha publi c schoo!s. J. W. Lang, '10, was elected county superinte nde n t of Thurston County this fall. Florence Kite, '10, teacher in District 64, realized $21.00 on t he proceeds of a box suppe r give n by her school. The many fri en ds of Grace E. Munson, '95, w ill b e pl easd to hear of t he excellent record t hat she is making. After graduation here, she wa, principal of the Geneva high school, after which she spent two yea rs in t he University at L incoln, where she recei vd Phi Beta honors and was graduat e d . from t he college cf arts and sc iences, with A.' B . d egree. Last spring she was e lected to a f e llowship at We llesley Coll ege, where she is


now cnjoy :ng t:H! wonderful treats that such a school affords. E the l K ennedy, 'O.t, t eacher in Dist rict o. 17, recently a patron 's day, which was we ll at tended by t he mothers of the childre n. A good part of the aft e rnoon was devoted to regular school work, aft3r which an interesting program was gi ven a nd refreshments servd . A plesant time was r epor ted by a ll. Burtis Kennedy , '09, and Mrs. Nettleton of the Norrral faculty, spent a par.t of the Chri stmas Yacation with Mr. and Mrs. Carl Bickel, of Greely, Colorado. Mrs. Bickel will be rememberd as Iln:a Kennedy of tha class of '06. Winnif red Perkins, ' 11, was recently e lected cri tic teacher of the . fifth and sixth grad es in the practis depart:nent here. The vacancy was caused by the resignatio n of Miss Hazel Webster, who was marr ied on New Year ' s day . Mis ; Perki ns has spent a couple of years as a student her e, and won fame, both for her sc:>la rsh ip and as a debater . Mis, Perkins' many friends welcome her t o Peru. l\~ r. and Mrs. Taylor Conkle were visiting relativs and frier:d3 in Peru, Thanksgiving time. N.:" r. C:>nkle was a member of the class of '97, and Mrs. Conkle will be rememberd as Flor enc.: Gibson of teh class of '99.

Allen J. Carman, 'Ofi , a nd w ife have movd from Uni on, Oregon, to Peru, whE>re they will rJn a candy stor e. Mr. Catm2n is an exper t in the manufactur..: of can::ly. Dr. an d Mrs. Jo:m B. Jack of Chicago, Cora J ac:c W ind e, '.)8, of Wymore, and Agness J ack Win:deman, '94 , of Omaha . spent Thanksgiving in PerJ with their parents, Mr. and Mrs. David Jack. Mrs. J ohn J ack will be rememb~erd as :: k indergartner of ' 01.



The many friends of Miss Elva E. Rulon, '96, and Mrs. Merle Davidson Byers, ' 03, will be sorry t o hear of tl:e deth of their sister, Mrs. Will Vance. Prot H. B. Duncanson, '86, gave the people of Howe a treat rec<nt 'y in the form of an illustrated lecture on " Life in Puget S:>un:i." T:te lantern views were from photographs taken by hi msf:!_lf during his outing last summer. Hazel and Harry Bee~{ of the c· asses of '09 and '06, ~f Santa Monic~ California, are enjoying an extended ~isit from t':1eir mother and small sisters. Mrs. Beck and c3ildren will be gone several months. .F red Ebert, '11, Pan~ma, J. D. Mc~illen, '11, Western; Belle Bolejack, 10, Dawson; Arthur Gelwick '11 Geneva; George Stephens, · Broken Bow; and Richard Cole Omaha· were ' ' iving a~ong the vistors in Peru T nanksg t1me.


. Edna Hadley, '09, who has been teachmg the Past two years in Bakersfield California, was married Thanksgivin; evening to a Mr. Richard E. Ashe, of that place. They will make their home near Bakersfield on a ranch ownd by Mr. Ashe. The Peru public school gave a program and box supper December 18th, at which $27 · 70 was realized. The teachers are, principal, Sadie Glasgow; intermediate department, .Ruth Strong, 06; and primary department, Rose A. Tynon, '05. Clara Marquardt, '06, is enjoying her work as second grade teacher at Havelock this year. Miss Marquardt spent the past four years in the schools at Weeping Water, Nebraska. Mae Anderson, '06, after a year's leav of~ absence, has agai n taken up her work in the Li ncoln schools. Sup't R. R. McGee, '07, accompanied

the Syra cuse At he lt ic basket ba ll team to P eru t o vi s it the old school and witness our boys w in a ha rd f ought battle. N otis :--Any news i te ms or informat ion conce rning A lumn i me m bers w ill be f.1lly appreciated if sen t to the Alumni e :l itor at P e ru. This wi II not onl y give us interesting matm·i al t ha t wo uld not b e f o'.lnd otherwi se, b '.lt wil l simpl ify c:) Jiect ing material. Kind ly send us items about you rself and fri e nds. Carrie . M. De i t•· ich, ' 07, writes from Meetul se, Wyom ing, t hat sh e prefers the land of corn and hogs to the cow land as a place t o instr uct the youth. Mrs. H ope Ab bott D orla n d , '06, has returnd with he t· husband ancl two sons to Florida. Miss Lydia B e ll , class of '71, is now in Los Angeles, California, 1624 H ypenar Aven ue . Miss Bell's )lome was formerly in Pawnee City, Nebraska . J oseph Go ldstein, '10, stude nt at the State Universiyt, won a - place on the Iowa debating squad. Mr. Goldstein is now in hi s junior year in the Law school.

G. H . Williams, '06, who is in the Law School at the State Uni versity, has been chosen as a member of the night M. C. A. school.


Through the thoughtfulness of Mr. Chas. and Mrs. Bernice McHerron Wei gand, both of '06, all of t he class of 1906 are remembering their s ick classmate in t his N ew Mexican city during the Christmas season. Saturday, December 16th, saw the first County Peru Club organized, at Auburn. Thus Nemaha County heds what is hopt wi II be a long list of county Peru clubs. The organization resulted in the election of Principal Evans of Auburn as president, Miss Alice Li ntz, '11, Johnson, vice-president, Miss Esther Ke nnedy, '05, secretary, and Principal




Thomas Lang of H owe. tresur er. An executive commi ttee cons isting of Prin cipal Russel J ohnson '11 , Auburn, cha irman, Miss James, ' 11 , Brock : M iss Nicko, J ohnson; Princ ipa l ad ie Glasgow, Pe r u; M iss We ihrner, Browm路ille ; Principal H. C. Dallam , '11 , Nemaha; Principa l Grif. R eed , J J li an : and P rinc ipal Thomas L ang of H owe. It is proposed t hat t he club shall have a meeting and some fun cti on at each c::mn ty association meeting . Bureau S:!cretary De l ~ell , S.ecretary Tresurer H e ndricks, President Stoddard, and Chairman Moor e, of t he comm ittee of ten m et at the State House on Saturday, Decembe r 23d, to confe r r elat ive t o Per u Alumni bus iness. Assistant State Super in tendent Pe nn ey was a lso in t he conference. Se ve ral matters of importance are before the association this year, among them the e ncouragement of t he publicati on of Dr. McKenzie's Hi story of the Peru Normal, the rais ing of the five hundred dolla r fu nd as a has is for financing the association dur ing the coming years, and t he encouragement of t he formation of P eru clubs. F ifty-seven 9f the one hun dred names for t he $500.00 guarantee have alredy been secured. It is go ing to be a certa.inty. F lorence Kessler, ' 06, of Si lver City, New Mexico, is very ill wit h 路s tomach and lung trouble. Miss Mears, who is to b e w ith us again next semester, was in P eru a wh ile during the h olidays. That the a u thor of I . " The Hi lls of P er u" w ill be on our faculty again .is a most p leasant fact to a ll Peruvians. .fl.

The Lincoln Peru Club. T he P eru Club of L incoln held its second meeti ng of the year on t he even ing of Dece mber 16th, in t he parlors of t he Uni ver sity Temple. The occasion

was a \路err enjoyable one. A short formal program consisted of the follow ing numbers : Mrs Clare Cornell Vocal Solo Mr. Gordon Beck Trombone Solo Reading Miss Bernice O'Keiff VocalS olo Mr. Eugene Heath The Peru color song was enthusiastically s ung. Pri n ted copies of the color song, revisd version, were a gift to the Club from t he chairman of the program committee. An informal prog ram, consisting of extemporaneous speeches, elicited much merriment. The f ollowing persons responded with appreciativ rem iniscences of Peru: Mi ss Julia Van Driel, '09, R ober t Ray, ' 06, Miss Mary Crawford, '04, Guy Willi ams '06, Miss El izabeth Curry '09 Ralph 0 . Jackson '10, J . E. Gibney '08, C. M. Penny '07. Miss Ruth Brownell '11, and Eunice Mutz presided at the table. .:I-

To F. M. G - Vale. So hru:d it is lo let you go, our friend; We cannot bu t mistrust some foolish end Takes you to other pastur es strange and new, When you are needed so in Old Peru ! Our herts are bleeding , a nd our sad tears fall; It reall y seems we can't bear up at all; But yet we' ll strive our courage to retain If only summer finds you here again. - R. H . H.

Summer Night. I


The day is 路full of puls ing life; Bold sense bedims the spirit's sight. I grope for Thee in purple haze And floods of ambient golden lig ht . The n ight comes down and h ides t he sun, And to ! Thy heavens! Majestic sig ht! 0 God, I feel thee all day long, But cannot understand t ill night! - Li lian Chase House.



""'-----""'-~----~ NORMA LITE THE Peru , Nebraska

""--""~~--1""""'-A Monthly Magazine Publisht in the Interest of Education

Puhlisht by the State Normal School Subscription 75 cents per year. Single copy JO cents Advertising rates furnisht on application

Eoterd at the Postofll co at Per u. 1\ehra:.l;a. as second class matter

EDITORIAL STAFF G. S. Hansen ' 12 .................. . .... Editor in-chief Charlotte Cooley '12 ............. A s~ocia tc Ed itor J. W. Wear Jr. ' J4, ........ ........ B u s i nc~!' :\lan~gcr DEPARTMENT EDITORS Marydl_Ty ll on '98, .............................. Aiumni Merle Swan '12, ............. ......................... Class Ma1t ha Greenlee '12 .......................... Socict.v Charles Lively '13 ...................................... Ciub Mabel Swanson ' 12............................ Religio us Grayce Teich ' ! :-! ...................................... :VI usic E. C. Beck '12 .................................... Athletic H. Shaver ' 12 .................................... Exchange BOARD OF MANAGERS C. F. Beck .......................... , .................. Facul ty Ray Lundy ' 12........................................ S.,nior Frank Ellenber,eer '1 3 .............................. Junior Bessie Armstror.g ................................... Tra iner Cas siu s Kennedy ' 14 ........................ Sr>phomo re Vern Chatelain ,l5 ............................ Fr~shman H . D . .\llartio ........ .... ..................... Prep;u~tory C atherine Green lee ' 12 .......................... Ev.,rct t E. C. Beck '12 .............................. Ph ilo ma t hcan Wm. Roettger ' l 3 ........................... Y. .\1. C. A. ........................ Y. W. C. A.

Gertrude S ughrue '1 3 ........................ N C.\. A Sus.' M. Smit b ...... ......... ..... ...... Dramatic Cluh Hazel Taylor ' 1 2 .............................. 1.atin Club Ebba Wahls trom' 12 .................. ..German Club E. C. Beck '12.................... Athletic Association Chester Darrow .............................. Ciceronian

The major spac :! o f The Normalite is g iven over thi s month to the exaltation of industrial e ·lucati on. Las t. month t he relig ious phase of student life at Peru was presented, and ne x t months issue will devote its leading a r ~ i c l 0!) to t he subj ects of debate and c r '_o r y . T he Normal ite end ev,)rs in t.h e c.JU rs e of its year , to present a ll s ides of stud ent li fe in the State Normal, and to jus tify i ts claim to be ing the orga n of th e i nsti tution in a ll i ts asp ec ~s . w :1en ever t his j ourna l fa il s in i ts mi s _ion or is negligent, or seemingly unfair, be s ure to see the editors, rcpor te t·s, or adv iser about the matter. If, however, the re porto1·ia l or other writers h:i \·e done a particularly good piece of wo r k, be as s il e n t abo ut i t as the s ph in x. To say anythi ng at s uch a time mi g h t ad d a new gleam to the eye, increase the elasticity of the step, or e:_pand the chest with a new g low of hope. Be a n exampl e of s toic p hil osophy and thus render life as jui ce less as .the deser t cac tus.

The industri a l wave in ed uaction is unlike a wave of water , in that it increases in volume and force the farther it spreads f rom its center of small beginni ng. The prospect is t ha t it wi ll soon beat upon a ll educati onal s hores, and perhaps s ubject to a w holesome immersion the "unwasht" advocates of a pure ly intellectual education. Efficiency , intelligence, and morai I ty are the t hree great words in modern educational aims, and the particular advantage of e duca tion fo r effici ency is that it contribufes toward the establishment of a strong moral character. It may be that we need a lre:ly, however, to be cautio us lest in our e n. thusiasm for the new in educat iQn we surrender some of the priceless things in the old education of the intellectu a lists. To accept t he ·n ew because it is new is a s irrationa l as to d iscard the old



becuase it is old. Meantime, it will be not onl y safe but wi se fo r an e Ye n larger proportion of our stud ents to elE-ct t he c Jurses in manual training and domestic science. _-~.

The Path of Re ason . The N orm a lit e , a monthly magaz ing p 1blisht by t h e S ~a:~ No rm a l School of P ..:ru , N ebraska, has come f or s im pl: fi:!d s p elling . I n the Octobe r numbe r o 1r l:ttest circular, No. 25, "T he N eed o · Reform of Spell !ng in the Public Sc:,ools," oe in ~ t'1 3 add r 2S3 of Or. Maxw Jll , city s..t pe rin enJe n : of schools of N .'W York, is printed n 3a rl y in full (pp. 6- J) . ltisfo ll owecl by the " r u les of s·mp li fie d spe lling-" (pp. 7-10), and by an ed ioria l (p. 14), from which we c )PY these two paragrafs (corrceting sJ me oversights in print): "It is said that over in forested Africa t he nati vs' paths from p lace t o place are unreasonably crooked. Thi s is e cpla ind· by t h e fact that, w he n a tr ee falls across a path , t he nat ivs go around .f 1e tree; and cmtinue in the path thus m lde, long mter the tree i tself has dec3.yd and ceast t o be an o'J!:.truction. It i \enough for the nativs to know that their fathers trod that way. "Not very differant is i t in the matter of our E ng lis h spe lling. We have a ll b :!en Africans, more or less, in our ort"lografy. When a straitening of the ort'lografic paths is proposed, a popular a;>peal is always made to prejudis. Reason .i s all absolutely on the s ide of . the proposed r eform. If only enuf of us cut a:!ross, we can soon make a path sucb as others wi ll be willing to follow. Shall we be led by prej ud is or reason ? The N Jrmal ite has faith in the rule of intelligence among the teachers of Nebraska, and t herefore proposes to follow the path of reason." But alas, if t his sort of thing prevails, the path of reason w ill lose "i ts charm of sol itude.


The N ebraska State J ournal of Li ncoln, Neb., has an ed iorial, September 14, 1911, which be ins thus: ' ·Simplified spell ing is here to stay. Ther e is no getting away from it, and why should we des ire to? The present system is a rbitrary and unreasonable-a wasteful use of letters t hat spell nothing, and a dd nothing to the dignity and importance of the words they render cumbersome and hard to lift." And ends thus: " It is pre tty hard to come to it all at once, but the tide of spelling reform is n s mg, and two or three generations h ence the boys a nd g irls w ill laugh at the system of spelling t heir foo l-forefathers were so reluctant to break away from. '' We do not advise a ny one to use the word "fool'" as a descriptiv adjectiv for the present forefathers. In tl;le first place, it is clearly impoli te to "present company; " and in the second place it is I i kel y that the people of two or three generations hence will be cherishing some follies of their ,own. F orefathers in every age must have been pretty foolish fellows- look at their posterity! But this statement from a daily newspaper of good standing is one of the s igns of the times. "Si mplified spelling is here to stay. There is no getting away from_it, and why should we desire to?" - Simplified Spell ing Bulletin. James W. Crabtree, late State Superi ~tendent of Public Instruction in Ne•braska, has been elected a member of the adv isory council of the simplified spelling board. He has also been recently e lected president of the stat e normal sch ool at River Falls, Wis. This makes two presidents of normal schools in Wisconsin w ho are members of the simplified selling board or of the advisory counci, namely, Charles McKenny and James W. Crabtree.- Simplified Selling Bulletin for December.




I Witb tb~ Elass~s II . Senior Class. Yell Leader Beck has introduced a number of new and unique yel ls which have provd quite a success. The Seniors this year are to be congratulated upon the progress thus far in the work in their functions as a class organization. Profiting J:>y the excellent example of last year's class the class of 1912 has commenct its work even erli er. Now the Senior Annual- The Peruvianis being pusht in every department. The editor-in-chief and the editorial staff have the work thoroly organized and th e board of business ~anagers has its work not only outlined but has the contracts let for the engraving and printing, and are now securing advertising. The senior play has been chosen and the c~rac­ ters are being selected . The play this Year will be the "Pipers. " This play ranks among the strongest of modern dramas. Peru will have the honor of being among the first schools of the west to give this play. Mrs. Nettleton has been employd as coach. She will have complete charge of the selecting of the cast as well as the coaching. This wiill insure the success of the g reat entertainment of the year. The committee on commencement speakers bas been at work fo: some time and if its plan is successfu Peru will again be given a rare intellectual feast. · Girls and boys basket ball classes have· been orgainzed, and the seniors hope to be a factor in the inter-class games. All this work of the senior class has been done without any fuss or f ethers and without interfering with the other school functions. The followin& seniors will graduate at the close of the first semester: Goldie Applegate, Anna M. Booth, Stella Fair-

child, W . D. Fulton, Anni e L . Ke nnedy, Elizabeth Powers, l\Ie d c S wa n, Darle Taylor, Leli a T homas . Miss Mattie Ingo lsby , of last year' s junior class, was r ecently e lected to a positi on at Lodge P o le. Elizabeth Powe rs has be en e lected intermedia t e teache r a t P la invi..w. .:1-

Ju n ior Notes Sadye E. J ones. The re are a n•J mber o f J ..:n iors who have s ig ned up f ur the d ebat ing p erliminar ies. We f eel a , if Mr. Li vely ' s a nd Miss Ke it h's tal ks in cha pe l urg ing every one t o jo in f1Cs~ pre li m inaries has had a g reat e ffect upon the stcd _n t body to partake of t hem. Seve ral member s of the Juni or class we re quite in evidence in t he play of "Barbara Fri et chie " g ive n in the chapel on Dece mber! 4 and2 0. Many of the Juni or g ir ls have been try ing the ir luck in pl aying baske t ball in the last f ew weeks. They are all working hard and we know that so me of them wi ll make the first team, w ithout a d oubt. Junior's unguarded sayings:-Miss Goshen :- Mr. Hann, What atti tude did Comenius take toward life when his wife and cihld died and all his property was taken a way? Mr. Hann:- He kept on a goin' . The Junior English clas_s w~s informd by their instructor that ''Everyone can have 'their' own opinions. ' Sophom?re N otes.

Hazel Johnson. The latest social function of the Sophomore class was in the form of a children's party, he ld in the administration builqing, December 2 . The usual hour for a chi ldren's gathering , from 4 to 5,


THE NORM :\LITE was not consid e red . The re is no need of descr iption . for there could be no sweeter, more ],)\·able group of youngsters. Th e r uo m.: W<! r c appropriately d ecorat ~d · to rc pn..' ·cnt a nursery. The g ames of chi It! h.10d. and a s hor t program, in w:1ich nursery rh;•mes we r·e r ecited, kept the crowd m ..!ITily e nle r·tained . Ref resh n en t:;, s u e~ ' t · m ilk, animal cooki es, stic!< candy, a nd .>ranges we re ser vd , b ibs having been cardu lly adjusted. A flashlig ht pi cture w 1:: taken and the j olly par ty d isper st. Paper· dolls were sold as souvenirs of t hi :; event during separate chapel, D ece m~~ r 13. Some went as h igh as 65 cenls. A note of t hanks was r eceivd f rom Mrs. Nettleton f Jr t he pillow pr esented t') her by the S0phomore class. The pi II ow was nud ~ in t he Sophomore class colors. On accoun t of ill he lth , M i ld r ed H awley has been co mpeld t o discon t inue her school work for some t ime. Alice Garve r a n ~ R uby Huff spen t the T ha nksgi ving holidays at t he fo rmer 's home in Sabe tha, Ka nsas. Vi olet St. J ohn had t he p lesur e of a visit f r om her mot her and I i ttl e sister on Decem ber 1 4 By a large major i ty, J ohn Wear , Jr. , was vo ted the Norma l's best r ooter , a nd as a conseq uence of this f act he was a warded a ha ndsom e pi ll ow. We a re glad tn wr ite the name of Mr. Dolezal on our class role . .;;.

Freshmnn Notes.

Our Wednesday morni ng cha pel exerc ises wer e held in the Chapel on December 6. Clarence H owie led t:-te devotiona l exercises, a nd a p rogram, cJn3isting of a p ia no solo by Corri nne Whi t field and a mus ical r ead i ng by Thelma Hanks, w er e greatly apprecia ted. On December 13, chapel was held in T 106. J o-

seph ine H ol man led t he devotional exercises, and t wo nu mbers, a cornet solo by Ver ne Chatelain, and a piano solo by Clarenece How ie, were enjoyd. T he captains and managers for our baske t ball tea ms have been elected. They a re as fo llows : Mr. Ludka, captain, and Mr. Emert manager. For t he g irls team, Cora Brnnsdon, capta in, Thelma H a nks. manager. Vesta Lew is has been f orced to g ive up her school work on account of an operation fo r appendicit is. We are sorry to lose Miss Le wis f r om our class, and a re g lad t ha t she is rapidly recovering. Have you herd a bout the Freshma n par ty? If not j ust ask a member 0f the class to tell you about it" and watch the expression lig h t u p his face as he enthusiastica lly r elat es t o t he plesure of that event. I t was previously decided that a comm ittee should di vide the class into gro ups, or fami lies, then t he vari ous fa m i I ies should choose their names a n :I t he character each family was t o represen t. On t he evening of December 15 • a ll gatherd in the ad minist ration building drest as t he rank of t he f arm·1Y demanded. Rich and poor , old a nd young, we re agreeably m ing li ng together when a la rge f am ily of westerners a;:>perd , awing the S tett senheimers, Browns, and other fa milies, into momentary q uiet. The cowboy cousins wer e, h owever • warmly we!com i. and g-ames su 'rt a bl e f ur all were th ~n enj Jyd. lf a visitor had lookt in upon our ha ppy band he would have fou nd it difficult to r ecognize in t he sedate elder ly gen t leman who held us in check, o•.:r ad viser, Professor Smit h. Tim<! en .tf was taken from the va ri ous annse~en ts f or the ser ving of delicious r efrerohment:>. T rdin er Class Notes.

Bessie Armstrong . At the close of the fir st q uarter the




Uni ted States history class had a review of all the work up to date. Up to thi s t ime we had studied the settlement of the original colonies, the colonia l wars and the Revoluti onary War. Each member of the class was ass ig nd a topic which he was to be prepared an able to dramatize. He would select some characteristic of the people's dress, customs, ways of farming or form of re lig ion, etc. Take for example, Virg inia: The person who had this top ic selected some event during its settlement. The top ic selected was socialism. This was presented in two acts. The first act was the assembling of the people with t he ir harvest to be placed in t he common s tore house. When these products were placed there a number of lazy men went up and helpt themselvs to many th ings. The second act was when Governor Dale did away with this custom and gave . each Person a piece of ground and a hoe so he could get to work. Th is review provd very interesting and helpful to members of the class.




Philomathean Freda Peterson . The program of December 8 was very unique in character. Here it is : Piano solo, _ Rena Schott and Harriott Glasgow Pantomime : "Modern and Medieval Ballad of Mary Jane. •• Debate: Resolvd, That t he human foot is gradually growing larger. Affirmative, A. 0. J ohnson Negative, J. C. Christianso n Reading, Miss Johnston Current Events, Hansen and Slaak Vocal Solo J oy Cummings ''Old Maids Tea Party." Program, December 15. P iano Duett



Reading Quarlct wi lh so lo. T yson, L ively, Berlha CoU1·tw1·ighl : C'harlotlc Reading Chri stimas Play

Alta Wi llia ms Heed and Lelia Cooley, so loist Mrs . Nettleton

The Philo open sess ion play t hi s year is ''The Clim bers.' ' by Clyde Fi tch. The cast has been W(wking hard, and we a n t ic ipate witnessing an e xcellent play at t he e nd of the scmestel". Th is play wi ll be freC' to t he public a nd l he society ha r t ily in vi tes C\'CJ·yonc lo ta ke advan tage of thi s opporluni ly to become acq ua inted wi t h the soc iety and i ts work. .;~

Everett L ite r ay Socie ty.

Chesler W . Dan·ow. This yea r we have a g reat a d d it ion to t he society in ou r Evc 1·c ll Ot·chestra . Thi s is a comb ination of our best musical tale nt. Now, each l"r iday evening, in addition Lo the regulm· numbe t·s, we are e nter ta ind by choice selections of orchest ral mus ic. There a t·e nine membe rs : Miss B1·ana man, Prof<'ssor Beck, Vernon Kre bs, Curt is Ramsey, Earl Newman, Clare Mewhit·Ler, Ruth Maller , Miss Sherwood, a nd Mr . Rose. Thi s orchestra pl ayd· in public for the first time on November 24, a t that even ing's program . On December 1 we had a pr ogr a m by the past, present, a nd future Everetts. This was div ided i nto three par ts, t he Eve retts of the different year s each having a part. Thi s was a m ost interesting evening, especially as r espects t he Thei r r e minescences, old Everetts. their stories of th~ early society, a nd the letters r eceivd from some f o t hose who were among t he first m embers, all added to the plesure we r ecei vd . Chr istmas prog ram for December 15 : Christmas Car ol, Anna Booth , Berne tta _Peter son, Roth Mahler, Anna Fletcher,



Lyle Mewhir t er. Roy R alston, Vern on Krebs, Fra n kE ll e n bc rg-er. Read ing Alice Gan·er Piano Solo orrinne \\"hi tfield Christmas ami So me Ch r i .:;t mas C ustoms i\1iss Riggle Violin Solo R u th Ma hler Boys' N ew Year'::; Reso lu t ions - Elli s Frye Girls ' N e w Yecu· 's Hesl'l u t i o n ~ Miss Marshall Christmas Carol Farce, ''The Retu rn of Ch ri stm as.'' At a business meeting some time ago the soc iety d ~c id cd that we should g e t Mrs. Nettl ~ ~o n t ·l c:n1ch t~e play f or our regular semi-annual ope n session. The play to be s taged is 'vVins ton Chur chill 's " Title Mart." Thi s s t ory is littl e s hort of classic, awl wi t h Mrs . N e ttleton 's e ffici ent drillin_g- a nd management it \Viii be a p lay wel l re presen ta t iv of our society. T o h e lp defray the expenses which so amb it ious a production w ill necessaril y incur , our society wi ll, for the first t ime in hi s t ory, cha rge an admiss ion fee to i ts open session. We feel that by a means of a n adm iss ion fee, we can stage a play of hi g h li tera r y merit in the best and most effective manner. .;J.


H. Staak. The Ath en ians e nd evord to outdo the Ciceronians in a joint debate, which was held on Sat u rday evening, December 9. The program was opend by a ·piano so lo by Mr. Humphreys , after which the fo llowing subject was discust: Resolvd, That men and women t eacher s should have equal pay for similar work. The question for D ecember 16 was: Resolved, That the standing army of the United States should b e incr east. Dr. House was present a t this sess ion and gave a short t a lk in which h e pointed out some of t he improvmennts of the debater s since the beginning of the semester.


II 0 ur Cl·ubs


Physica l Science Club. A lbin 0. J ohnson. Our last meetjng, December 11, 1911, was given over to our president, Chas. Novak. He labord under the assump· tion that in case a nyone was inclined to be ske ptica l as to t he truth of certain f or mulas, representing certain physical laws, such person should be shown. He very dexter ously put before t he audience, in a clear and concise manner , and explanation and demonstration of accelerated motion. Taki ng the formulas g iven in our text book, he provd their accuracy by actual application. ~

Latin Club. Hazel Taylor. Saturday evening, December 16, abou t twenty-five girls assembled in Miss Clark's r ecitation room f or a social gathering. Latin games wh ich reviewd us both in vocabulary and principal parts of verbs furnisht amusement the greater part of ~he evening . While the r efr esh·ment committee was busy with chafing dishes, the others sang such Lati n songs as "Milites Christiana." As soon as luncheon was servd the lig hts warnd us that we must disperse. Mi ss Clark (in Vergi l class) :- How do you translate ' 'gemiti i ?' ' Miss Greary:-I read that "with a groan.'' .;!-

German Club The most enjoyable event which the Club has this year partaken in was that of a Christmas entertainment, g iven in the gymnasium , December 18. Several beautiful songs were sung, after wh ich




each member responded to roll-call with a "Weinachts gedicht." A piano solo was given by Miss J oeckel, which closed this part of the program . Following this everybody vie wd the tree which held some small remembrance for each. These consisted of such articles as toys and pictures. Later in the evening refreshments suited to the season were servd. Coffee, brown bread , "pfefferkuchen" and candy composed the met.u. This made a very fitting close, tending to increase cons iderab ly the Xmas spirit.

Cross led a ve ry in tc.: r <..!st ing song and pra ise ser v ice. December 17, our Chri s tmas meeli ng- was ll!cl by M iss Cord eli a Gram li ch. Cc.: r tain ly it was one of the best pl a nd, b<..!s t ca r ri er! ou t , most "Christmassy' ' mee t ing-s ever held by the Assoc ia ti on. M iss C: raml ich showd herse lf a ve ry compe tc nl , ca pab le talker. One s t rong pa r t of the m ee ting was t he taking part in t h <..! S<..! r v is of many g irls, who, ordina ril y , ha ve liLLie a ct iv work in the Assoc ia ti on . O ne o f t he many a ims of the Associa ti on is t o reach out a fter a nd t ouch th e I i vcs of j ust as many girls as possib le a nd in a s ma ny ways as .;J. possible . Darmatic ~b. Our noonda y pt¡aye r m eet ings a re a Susy M. Smith. source of much in te r est a nd s t r ength in Tuesday evening, December 19, the the school life . M iss Cl eo Hal e works members of the Dramatic Club gave hard and long to make the m att ractiv. three scenes from "Romeo and Julie t ." Her g oal is to have T ::101 fi lu every day. The same evening the following cas t L et us he lp her r eali ze it. The Association d es ires to ex tend t o presented '"The Kleptomaniac:" Mrs. John Burton, Mi ss Magnison; Mrs. Val- every girl in the institu ti on, t hru the erie Armsby, Miss Snover; Mrs. Charlie columns of the N or mal ite , t h e wi sh f or a Dover, Miss Han-iet Glasgow; Mrs. splendid N e w Year , fu ll of the oppor t unPreston Ashley, Miss Giltner; Mi ss Fre- ity of servis f or "othe rs , a nd a b undant ly da Dixon, Miss Lambart; Miss Evalyn rich in a ll the b lessings l if e affords. Evans, Miss. Darle Taylor; Katie, Mrs. Burton's maid, Miss Hazel Jonhson. 11 11 The interest many have in. the work of the Club was shown by the large numGrayce T eich. ber of people in attendance at thi s mee tMi ss Carpenter's bi g class in s ight ing. reading is really g etting somewher e. I t . On January 30 the next regular meet- is a s ight for gods and m e n t o see all ing, will be given two scenes from ''The those b oys growling a way on t he ir doMercha:1t of Venice," and "The P sycho- mi -sol-do's, but they are doing t he wo rk logical Moment,' ' in a right manful f ash ion. After a ll there may be men e nough in heven to sing base. Oh, yes , the Glee Club is R~ligious working! Jus t now it' s a sailor' s cantata in three parts, with a g reat s urg ing Y.W. C.A. swing t o it that ought.t o thrill the hea rt FrancisWillard Blake. of any old tar in the audi e nce with a We are having such strong Sunday mighty yerning f or the "briny spray" meet_ings, it is a di stinct loss to miss any and the "tumblin:s sea" and al l the rest of the m. December 10, Miss Mari e of those nautical affairs .

music D~l'artm~nt






The quartet reports a perfectly beauti ful trip ove r ebra:;ku. including many soulful meeting$ wiLh homesick P e rU\路ians. Why, at Ilonpe r , the Per u t eachers and the rcsL of the m gave t he boys a late supper (rathe r hard fo r m i dtl le ag ed men to d ip:est) and the meeting lasted unti I th e q uarLe l ha d s ung e \路er ybody tired, and Mi ss Eames had recited twice and the hotel people we r e gaping some thing sha meful. The band boys a re quite a s fa ithful an J pers is ten t as eve r . Of course we hated to lose P r ofessot路 Cornell, but look a t hi s succm;::;or! Fa ithf ulness a nd diligence that' s th e trick!




E. C. Beck . Basil Sims was e lected captain for 1911-1 2 .

baske t ba ll

The foll owing me n wer e awarded initi als in foo t ba ll. Captain Harl ey Shaver and Roy Lundy, tackl es; J. J. Chris tianson, W. E. Nippert, L y le Mcwhirter and Neol Tyso n, g ua rds; L. B. Gifford, center; H e m y Schott and R. B . Wickham, ends ; M. P. Renfro, quarter back; Loui s Ludka and R. R. R a lst on , half backs ; and Bas il S ims, fullback. At the r ecent election of a 1912 football captain, Basil Sims, full-back was select ed. Sims is a junior, and has past up t hrough the g rades. He is a t路esident of P eru, and is as well known to the townspeople as he is to the students. He has b een a tower of strength in Peruvian athletics for some years. He playd football in '09, '10, and '11, baske t ball in '09-10, '10-11, and baseball I in the summe r of 1910. Sim's work in the fall 's football has been very favorably commented upon by the papers beca use of the f act that when he hit the line he hit hard . A lthough he has some

D:\ SI I.. S IM S,



exceeding ly hard positions to fill, we expect him to pilot a winning tea m next year. The Athletic Association gave the 1911 football eleven one of the best receptions ever given to an athletic team in this institution. The members met in the basement of the library at eight o'clock and spent a jolly social hour. A boA'ing bout was engaged in and some talks were g iven. At nine o'clock those present, led by President and Mrs. Hayes, marched to the gymnasium, where a three course banquet was servd, and speeches were made by several .members. It was a very pleasnt evening.

Peru Wins the Opener.

With but one week's practis the Peru surprised the basket ball enthusiasts by taki ng a hotl y contested game from the Syracuse Athletic Club. This victory




prophesies much f or Peru in basket ba ll this year . The game was close t hruout - ther e being a greater difference in the scores at the end than at any other t ime. The first ha lf was hot, end ing 13 to 12 in fa vor of Syracue. The second ha lf was a r epetition of the first, and with but two minutes left t he score board read, Syracuse 22, Peru 20. .The N or malites immediately bra ced and scoured 9 points, thanks to Schott a nd Over to n, winning the ga me 29 t o 23. Ref eree- Magor Umpire- McGee.




Teacher :- If you take a Little Rock out of Arkansas, a Boulder out of Colorado, and a Granite out of Arizona, Can you make the Devil ~tide in U tah? ·Pupil :- We herd the excharge of a gun. If a cyclone is a wind is a milli ona ire? If the backfield carried the ba ll all the time, would the line buck? If a hobble skirt would fre ighten a team of horses would a harem scarem? If a man got kicked on his sor e shin would his football ? ·

Grandma:- What are you doing in the pantry'( Willie:-! am putting stuff away . At orchestra pract ice. Prof essor Smith : -Now, ever ybody, "Put Your Ar ms Around Me. '' Dr. H ouse:.:_Gi ve me an example of a double negative. Junior - I don't know none. Normal Student :- If a boy kissed me on the forehead I would certainly call hi m down a bit. Beck :- How did the qua rtet get along at Blue Springs? Anderson :--House was full and enthusiastic Beck:- Which one.

II [oca l ~ P~rs(' nal ll


The ad va ncPd cla!-is in d ramatic ar t presented t he secon d ad of F iLch' s p lay "Barbara Fr ieLc h ie ' ' in chape l T uesday T he work mornin g, Dece mbe r 1!Hh . showd exce llent training a nd di ligent work a nd the on ly 1· •g-reL the students ha ve is tha t t he r esL o f Lhe play w ill p robably not be gi ven. P rofessor Gregg lefL Pe ru D ecember 30 f or Ch icago, w:1e r e he w i II e nte r t he U ni ve rs ity of Ch icag·o Lo t ake up work in psychology t.nva rcl hi s d octo r ' s degree. Mr. Greg g is a ver y e ffic ien t instructor a nd wh ile we reg ret to have him leav us, we a re g lad Lha t he is a ble t o take t his o pportu nity t o p urs ue his specia l line of wor k. P r eside nt. H ayes s pen t t h e week pri or to vacation in Li nco ln aLte nding a meeting of the Boa rd of E duca t ion a nd the pres ide nts oft he S tate Norma l Schools. Once or t w ice a ye a t· t he s t udents are offerd a n opportuni ty in pri ze essa y cont ests . The fi rst cha n ce thi s year was put bef or e the schoo l on December 14 by Mrs. R. H. H ouse, who p rese nte d the mat ter of essays on the t opic, ' ' Votes for Women . " These essays wer e d ue Janua ry 10. While most of the students went h ome during the holi days , seve r a l stayd in P eru and a va ild the mse lves of the opportun ity t o work up on the ir d e bates. Thirty nine r egist erd f or the pre li m inary debates this y ear, which is a f ew more tha n last yea r. These debates will b egin Janua ry 30 a nd cont inue f or the rema inder of that week. It is r e markable t o note the sma ll number of seniors who have enterd for these d ebates. The model School r enderd a n exce llent Christmas progra m Thursday afternoon, December 21.


N. S. Harajian, A B .D.D.S., Resident Dentist. DQ. B. L. SHELLHORN Res idence Phone 6 Office over Rexall St ore Phone 31 PERU ·· NEBRASKA

Dr. Jos. G. Vacek Dentist Office with Dr. Neal Gas given for e}..'tractions and sensitive teeth


The Pa rio r Shoe Sto rc Just E ast of the Cor ner Dr ug Store

c. E.



Joseph Krcpela Merchant Tailor Call and See M y Ne w 1912 Spring Samples Suits and 011·ercoats Cleaned and Pressed Same Day Brought, at Modera te prices Ladies'


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-The Staff

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'{he N! SaN. S. Jewelry and Novelty

Store We wish to impress upon your memory that at the theN. S. N. S. Jewelry Store we r epai r Watches, Clocks, J ewelry Spectacles Fountain Pens and everything. th'}t needs mending even broken hearts You will have a happy year if yo u buy your J ewelry, Note paper, Covers, Note book Rings, Ink , Candies always taste sweet whenbought at theN . S. N . S. Jewelry Store











Appreciates and solicits the trade of Normal Students.

Wm. T y non, President C. R. Welde n, Vice President

R . W.



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At Cleveland's pcpartm ~ncnt Sto rc You can find the best in LADIES and GENTS wearing appear!.

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We thank you for your gener-

ous patronage during the past year and invite your inspecition of our 1912 s tock.





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Chester Darro w , G. C. K<mnedy, G. S . H an,en, C . A. .-\.nd ! rso n, A. J ohns'>n, J. W. Wear, Jr. Franc is Hughes, E thel j o hn ~o n, Darle Ta ) lo r, Rena K eith, Ltlia Courtw rig nt

From the nurnbe1' that t ook part in the p1'elimir1ary debates, which took -place from January 30 to Febr ua r y 3, e ig-h t were chosen to represent t he Peru Normal Schoo l in the inter-schoolastic contests against Wayne and Kearney. In additi on t o this , f our were nam ed as r eceiving honorable mention as debaters . The Wayne t eam, w hich d ebates at P eru, will consist of C. A. Anderson, Rena K e it h , L elia Courtwri g h t and Cassius Kennedy. The team tha t goes to â&#x20AC;˘ Kearney is made up of J. W. Wear, Jr., Ethel J ohnson, Da rle Taylor and Chester Darrow. Those r eceiving honorable mention a re Opal Lintz, Fra ncis Hug hs, A. 0. J ohnson and Geo. S. Hansen.



Cb~ Dang~r [1n~

in School

D~ba t~s

H. C. H ouse, How many persons read the c:mtributed articles in the Normal ite ? Well , it will be safer to skip this one than n10st of them, for it is going to be not only dry but disagreeable. A year ago I wrote a paper for thi s periodical, naming all the ad va ntages I could t hink of, claimd and actual, of our sys tem of interschool debating. Why repeat? We all know the li st, "develops self -confidence, '' '' increases knowledge of public questions," "trains the logical faculty," "calls out a manifestation of school spirit. " Doubtless there is a mesure of truth in all these claims · but granting all, there are two distinct' flaws, not to say evils, attendant upon school debati ng as practist, wh ich the wise teacher will not fai l to have in mind, and to offset so far as persist ent and int elligent effort will ena ble him to do so. The fir.5t of these faults , and one for which there appears to be no absol ute remedy, lies in t he fact that t he young debater is forced to take for himself and to urge upon others a biast view of the s•.1bject he treats. The exam ination of facts with a n eye not to the d iscovery of the tr uth but to the bolsteri ng up of a predetermined judgment is a thing which science scorns and justis must inevitably deplore. An effici ent and successfu l debate coach once confest to me in a private letter~ " I do not feel that our work is developing scholars ; but I f ear that we are going to succeed in turning our boys into a set of shyster lawyer s." Now if the danger of school debating set forth in the foregoing parag raf seems to some to be rather theoretical than actual, a sort of academic hobgoblin, Jet

me ad va nce to my n ·tmucr two , wh ich w ill be f ound t r> b e n n s uch " stuff as dreams a re nn d e of,'' bu t a vi ~alJy importan t mattet·, a n cas i ly rcc ' gn ized and s inis ter fa ct , brook ing no e vas ion. I wi sh t o di scuss now, t he ba r e-faced pl agiarism, the consc ie ncelcs,; a nrl u nblushing appropriation , wi thuut quo tati on mar ks, of idea_s, out! i nes, frascs , pa rag rafs, and entire verbatim arg ume n ts a nd themes, which o ur syste m of debate preparation winks at, recog nizes as an inevitable commonplace, a nd finally e ncourages and recommends . • 'What's that noise out the r e on the campus? " "That's the hig h S(!ho:> l squad from A- -, in charge of the lad y principal, come over t o g e t ' m at e ri a l' from o ur libra ry. ' ' "What's tha t stude n t a bout, bent over yo nder b ig book, tong ue in cheek , f oun.tain pen ascribble? " "He' s g ett in6 ideas f or the prelim ina ries.'' When the nig ht of yo ur hi g h sch ool deba te c:>mes, the pub li c is entertaind by the spectacle of little g irls in short dr esses d iscours ing fluently on ship-subs idy or income tax, topi cs which can by no possibility have any real, natural int er est for t hem; staggering at the pronunciation of words too big for their little tong ues ; turning m a ny a noble senatorial period, and ris ing t o lofty climax of stern conviction and irrefragabl e logic. Now the redy d efense of the scissorsand-paste method of d ebate f or the immature is t he g lib question, "What more can you expect of childre n ? You surely don't r equire them t o have t heir own

THE NORMALITE ideas on nav_,. incr ca:;e and c losed shop! " Weil, no, lo tell the truth, I don't. But I am ho ne:;tly exe rci sed o\·er the idea of send ing young people to the books for t heir ide as, their £rases, t he very min ute wording o f speeches which no one but the msch·s will e,·er pretend they got by the i1· own effort. I am not yet 1'edy to e nd ow a chair of plagiar ism, or t o advocate eJucation along Fagin lines of tend er lite rary pick-pockets. For look where we are getting with our I ibrary me thod of ori g inal composi Li on! Ou r students a r e unwill ing, many of them , to write their own class t hcm as , and t he average seni or has no n::>t ion wi1aLevcr of mak ing a n original "thesis .. , Th e first a nd inev itable question, s!1o:1ted by the class in chorus, up,;n the an nouncemen t of a new s ubj ect for th e me writing is "where can The stuI get som~thin g on tint?" dent"s own bra in and hart and experi ence an:! re~e:!ti o n is t he last place t o whic:1 he lo::>ks for ideas. Fur even in the in terpretat ion · of li terary classics, we get not our own John and SJe, but Hudson and Rolfe, and Sn ider an::! Stopfo rd Brooke, till I fee l li ke telling the librari ans to burn al l the c::>mmentari es. We can't study Shakespeare f or our selvs so long as a sing le " he lp" rem ai ~s on the she lvs. D:> you not find condi ti ons s imil ar in your history of ed ucati on and botany? It seems t o me I have heard complaint about made to order examinations and borrowd herbariu ms. Much may indeed be attrib uted to the familiar barbarities of human nature, but I suspect n ot a litt le of the mischief, where it is particu larly unashamed a nd matter of fact, is due to standards set up and habits formd by our w ide open methods of g et ting up debates. But you are say ing , can no t one read and ponder and r eflect, assimilate and then write? Yes, if he onl y wi ll. I have always understood t hat it is not what you


eat but what you digest t hat does the good. It is t he raw gobs of imperfectly mast icated and unalterd wisdom that I object t o in the student's speech. And, mind you, what the books a nri magazines fail to do, in the arranging, shaping and apportion ing of material, the "coach" is expected to make good. Conscience in h im, poor slave, is at a d iscount. The school expects results, and natura lly cares I i ttle as to how much of the accur ate correlation and choice rhet oric of his pupils' addresses is to be attributed to the craft of t he teacher' s brain. I desire to be frank and fair, and I put the question t o t he mind and conscience of every thotful and s incere teacher, alumnus and student of Peru. Is it not true that there is, in our d ay , a n amazing and deplora ble lack of independence in the literary effort of high sc':lool and c::>ll ege students; and do not the popular methods of debate preparation foster t he hab it of rei iance on the books? And is it not the g r eatest of pities, when our fine li brari ~s. insted of promoting thotand '·eflection and self development, become agencies for the weakening of · scholars':1ip and the softening of moral fiber? To be sure, no t eacher in hi s senses would discourage library study as such. I w ish our students would use the books t en times as much as they do, and in the rig ht way. But the uncensored, unchecked use of books and magazines as "material" (odious word!) a nd the cli pping of choice frases and even whole paragrafs f or use, without quotation marks, in a st udent's theme, spells deth t o r eal scholarship and the decay of character. Now perhaps my reader (provided I have one) is aski ng whether any thing effectiv can be done t o improve condi tions, short uf the abolition of intersc:1olastic debates. Oh, doubtless the evi ls can be mitigated; doubtless they have been mitigated in many instances



by individual teachers, who have perc~ivd the need of re::f orm . Recommendati on number one : T he s~: bjects chosen fo r debate need not a ll be t echnica l and those on which on ly special ists have a ri g ht to an op in ion. Class work in debate, especia ll y , may b ~ conducted without frequent resort to books or per iod icals of any sor t . And I believ i t is a mistake to th ink that even t'1e general public can be interested c nly i n governmental subj ects. I am n:>t in f avor of a return to the old lyceum favorites : The Cow versus the H, an I Pursuit versus Possession: ne ither do I beli ev we should confine ourselvs to Di s- armament and Reciprocity. The re are questions affecting education, eth ics and social conditions., on which our student ought t :> have hi s own opinions an:l a "l;)out which his uninstructed views would prov nearly as val uable as those of the expert, and a good deal fresher and more interesting. Recommendation number two : Debaters should be taught what is honest and what is dishonest in I il:irary resear ch. T:1e followi ng shou ld be encouraged: first, reading and note making for real infor mation, in definiti on history and statistics; second, read ing' of a genera l ~ature only, no notes, for ideas, opinIons, inspiration; third, citation of autho_rity as such, by exact quotation, for whtch cred it must be expl icitly g iven. Quotation without cred it is stealing . Recommendation number three: The work of the coach should be reduced to t he minimum and made as genera l as possible. Here is a weak place in the present system. I t is a great pity when an interschool debate becomes merely a battle of wits between instructors. P rofessionalism in athletics is pa lpable and rather easily done away, compared with coachism in debate. Let the teacher advise, exhort, insp ire; but Je t him write as little as may be and deal spar-

inp:ly in min !! sup:~rc~ t i o n s a nd p~ rases . 1 hope the foreg-o ing- pr<.)ach ment wi II not be regarded as m ere i m ·ecli \", largely ma li cious. I intend nothing local in the appl ication of my clta1·ges. Jf t here is blam e it is widely di str ibuted and m"J!:t be s'1m·ed al ike b~· students. teachers a nd pJblic. I am in tt:r ..!stcd in Lhe deveiC\pmcnt of indc pcndc nt thi n kin)7. So far as d cl:ati ng fa vn r .~ t he proccs<, I am h ~ r.i l y fo r it.. So fa r as debating in its present p o p~tla r form d isco •.1rages the process, I am as !~ arti l y · against it. I wish I knew what our Pe ru Alum ni are thinking and cxpc1·i c nc ing- in connection with theEe nn tle r.,; . .;L

Spelling R eform.

Time is di scl osing that t he spelling r eform movmcnt is buL a stud ied, 01 gan ized efrort to procure j ust what s ~ems like ly to be b rot about s Joner or later th r u modern systems of teaching. The spe lling ref'll"llkr wou ld construct words of just such I etter s a s are deemd necessary to express the sounds t hat com pose t he word. The mod ern system of t each ing, wh ich has to get along without the aid of the old-fashiond coun tr y spel ling schoo l, is moving toward t he same end . An inter esti ng experiment was recen tly conducted by Professor Beal l of t he Ka nsas st ate agri cu ltura l co ll ege to di scover just what g 1·ound t here may be for class ifying t his as a nati on of poor spelle rs. H e prepared a I ist of common words from t he fifth r eader u sed in the schools of Kansas a nd s ubmitted them to various groups of studen ts. Deta ild data were securd on the mistakes made by 112 hi ~h schoo l a nd· col lege studentr. The resu lt is g iven: On ly one word, "measure, " was speld the same by all. The wo rd " v illa in, ' was m ist by ninetytwo.- Exchange.




Ora tory .

Da isy D. Nettleton, E ve ry nat ion and e ve r y period of hist ory has ha d i ts oratory and its orator s. In the ea rl y da y~ nf Greek h istorJ', fo re nsic oratory ha I i ts beginn ing ''' he n m en, in orJ <!r t11 regain e>:ate wh ich had b e ~n c o n fl.;::!a t ~d cl:.Iring tl-Je re ig n of a despoti c r aler hnrl t ) g-o in ~:> t ~1e ts an:! plead f or t h :!ir claim ~ . Accordi ng t o Gr~c ian ide·1s of citi :;;en >h ip each nnn m JSt be h is own la wyer . I di ffe rences of abi lity occurd then .as n ) W. The s mo th easy talker soJn sec 1r €d hi s 1-Jst p ro p ~ r ty . wh il e hi s t JnJ;u e tie:! n 3ig h 3or ha d no re dress w:mtever. The hard practica l de mands of j us tis and eq •.1i ty ca m e t o make men speak f vr their ri g hts a nd o~1 t of thi s gre w t he art of oratory. D lu·ing t h e peri od of t ha Media eval Preach ers and the Preachers of t~ e Crusades pulpi t orator y had its begi nning . A ll sor ts of mech an ical device3 were used to secare va r iety of expression during th is t ime. ''L augh h 3r e," "Cry here," lVI op f orhe:td," wer e written on t he mar,Jin of t h e sermon as a g uide to t h e orator. Th e orat ory of the reformation was m :.1ch more spontaneous, fo r t hi s peri od gave the for cefu l, f earl ess Luthe r, t he pungent, or ig ina l Latimer and t he veh ement Knox. Colonial ora tory bore t h e s tamp of a tremendous earnest ness a nd enthusi asm which kindled t he fire of battle of ma ny a fi erce deb ate. The t ide of A merican oratory which had been rising for more tha n a century , r each ed its full fl ood in the e loq ue nce of Sannel Adam >, Thomas J efferson and Patrick Henry , the g reat st colonial orators . Cong ressiona l orator y may be appl ied t o the efforts of a body of men wh o found a fi e ld of g reat activity in the legis la ti v halls. R ando lph, Calhoun, a n d Clay were rgeat congre3sional orators. The period pre-


ceding the Civil War was a very important one in the history of American orator y. Great issues confronted the people for th e union was about· to be se,·erd. T he orator had a problem on hi s nart and a conviction in his soul and b urn::\ t o offer a solution of the problem and a reli ef from his conv ictions. This pE"r iod brot forward the clear, logical elfectivness of Wendell Philli ps and tl.e d eep im pr essivoess of Henry Ward "Beecher. But the high water mark in Am!"ri can orator y was reacht at Ge ttysb urg, · when a g r eat har ted servant of the people, with no thot of oratorical effect, voiced in s im plest terms a g reat nati ona l idea l. LincJln's orator y will last f or ever, becat.:s : of the simpl icity and earnestness. We a re t ol::l that oratory is one fo rm of outward expression of the inner life of t '-le race. T endencies in life determine t endencies in oratory, then each period h :l.S had its peculi ar personaliti es and oratorical forms. The age in which we The orator li ve is a commercia l age. must meet the demands of t he age by the use of clear cut, direct, simp le art f vrms. The effort that is successf ul tod ay is free f rom ostentation , and t ells a simple th ing in the simplest way possible. Never were men with convincing power needed more than a t the present time. Corrupti on and shame have ent 3r d the nations door's, th e impo3ters are here in every form ; crimina lity of t he worst type is practist; public offices are won by intrigue and bribery. In spite of a ll this degeneration, Amer ica loves the genuine and · substantial a nd abhors the impos tor and the make b eliev. The Amer ican audience demands that an indi vid ual sha ll talk to it and not oratorize ; tha t he shall spea k colloq u ially a n j g ive h is hearers the honesty a nd t r uth of hi s ha r t; that h is message carry a cer t ifica te from the so ul ; that the th ot is genuine and the speaker s incere.






NORMALITE P eru, af ter a vi s it w it:1 he r s i Lcr at Naponee, an•l f ri ends at Conk .


AmonJ the Alumn i who spent Chr istm ::t.> vaca tion or vis ited in Peru during t he hoi idays wne Maude Brunsdon, ' 11, who has science in the Wymore hig h school; Charlotta F lack, '09, primary at J ohnson; R. B. Bedell , '09, cs ience at Norfolk; Mrs. Ma bel Bowen Bedell '09 kindergarten at Norfolk; Principal' Ear'! Meyer , '09, Alliance high -school ; Katherine Hanks, ' 09, North Bend; Iva Glasgow, ' 08, Hemingford; Alice Lintz, '11 , J ohnson ; E thel Robinson, '11, Decatur ; H. C. Dallam, '11, principal at Nemaha· Bessie Longfellow, '10, Shelby ; Esth·e:· Blankenship, '10, Broken Bow ; Grace Brunsdon, ' 11, Howe ; Blinn Helms, '09 , Weepin~ Water; Eidson Pettit, '11, Mindt n; J. G. Schott, '11, Inland; Mrs. Gladys Majors Gale, '11, Beatrice ; Ca lla Hanks, ' 07, Georgetown· Dale Whitfield '11, Hemm: n :rford; Russel Whitfield' Butte ; Clyde Hutchinson '11 Alvo : c' 11, ' ' laude Hutchinson, ' 11, Fairbury; Mrs . Ethel Dye J orn, '02, Lushton; Florence Dye, '02, Crete. t

. Mrs. Alice Daily Goudy, '75, is spendmga part of the winter in Spring field Mo., with her sister, Mrs. Anna Da il; Farnsworth, ' 79 . She reports the cold quite as intense as in this part of the country. Miss Radie J oy, '03, has been secured to assist in the mathematical department here during the remainder of the year. J oseph Goldstein, '10, and Ira Crook '11 , students at the State Univers ity: were in Peru, Saturday, J anuary 20. A small son is the cause of much happiness at the home of Rev. and Mrs. Wieneke of Auburn. Mrs. Weincke will be rememberd as Patty Matthews, '11. Miss Harriett Carter has r eturned to

F ranki e c:, urch, · ~::; . of Des Mo ines, spe .. t Chri sta ms \·acalim. w ith he r ~ i.>ters near Nebraska City . P r inc ipa l D. H. Webe r of S:1u!:>er t was in P er ,I, Salurday, J a n u<;I y 2 0. J uli us G ilbert, ' () 'j, of Johnson, was in P eru severa l d ays last week, vi s iting old scenes and fri e nds. Mrs . Ade ne S im N ewton . ' 08 , of Denver, has bee n vis iti ng· f 1·iends a nd relati vs in Nebraska City a nd P e1·u. Mr . and Mrs . Newlon are pl a nn ing on locating in Texas Lhi s spring . Roy Gibbe1·son, ' 09, has been e lected hed of of the scie nce de pa r tme n t at Aurora, a very des irab le positi on. That our A lu mni me m bers a re in dema nd as teache rs, is s hown by t he fact t hat numero us cal l:;, t ha t come from various par ts of t he s tate f or t eache rs. Of the me mb2rs tha t fin isht at t he end of t he first semest e r, t he f o llow ing a re p laces. a lready located in desirab le Stella Fa irchild, eig hth g rade at F a irbury; E lizabeth P owers , seven t h and e ighth gr ades at Plainview, N e braska; Goldie Appleagte, e ighth grade a t Falls City ; Anna Both sceond a nd third g rades, Falls Cit y ; Hazel Ward , seventh and eighth g rades a t Chester. Merle Swan has been offe rd an e ig hth grade a t Hastings at a salar y oi $ 60, but prefers t o stay in Peru and work for her degree. Ceceli a Wehrs , '11, ha s g one from Chester to Bridgeport where s he is assis tant principal of the h igh school. Frank Majors , '96, of P eru, we nt to York recently t o attend the S tate Chicken Show, and to exhi bit some of the fine chickens that he rai ses at h is home her e. Judge R. F. Neal , '94, of Auburn,




has been appo inlecl a deputy county judge, to acl in lhal capacity if for any reason the county judge is unable to officiate. M. A. Sams, '!)7, has g-iYcn u p t cach i ng for the prcscn l and is tra Ye I i ng for the Kemper T homas ' o .. of C incinnati . Ohio. He reports lhal his brother, E. E. Sams, '95 , is hav ing c xc ' lle nt s uccess as an attorney in Pa ws uska. Okla. Bessie Stu ll , a kinderg-ar tne r of '02 had a del ightful wcslem t ri p thi s fall' taking in l he we ·tern sl<~ tes and Hawaiian Island!>. A fte r a short vi s it wi th friend s and re lati,·s in A uburn, she and her mother have relurnd t o L os Angeles where they will spend Lhe w inte r . On their way lhcy ha d de lig h tful v isit in Bi llings, Montana, w i Lh Dr. a nd Mrs. Kate Stu ll Wa lter s a nu s mal l son.


The many fr ie nds of Fred Ebert, ' 11, will b~ g lad to hear t hat he has quite re coverd from hi s r ece nt mi sfortune, a nd has re turnd t o Pana ma , N e br., wher e he has again beg un hi s school duti es. During Chr istmas vacatio n, he went to N ew York to see a b out some property and ori his re turn s topt a t Cincinnati, Ohio. While on his way to t he depot abou t e ight p . m. he was slug d and robd. When he became conscious he was in the Cincinnati city hospital. His ja w was broken a nd he had r eceivd a number of scalp wounds. His go ld watch, twenty seven dollars in m oney a nd a box containi ng a ne w sui t of clothes were taken. Hi s rai lr oad ti cke t and a few cen ts were left in hi s pockets. Mr. Ebert sur:mises that he was fo llowd by a man of whom he had askt the way to the stat ion, but no trace of the gui lty one could be f ound. Mr . Eber t says tha t he was g iven excellent care at the h ospital and that a ll hi s bills we r e pa id by the city. Miss N e maha Clark, '09, superintendent of public instructi on in N emahacounty, has returned to her wo r k after

an enforced illness.





On t he program for the Clay county teache rs' association held at Harvard, w e not is the names of Pearl Shaneyfelt , '07 of Han·ard " Eig hth Grade His, ' f ory," and Principal J. G. Sc~10t~; '11, 0 I nland, " High School Athlet1cs. State Superintendent Delzell, ' 93, has appointed Superintendent W. T. Davis of l\IcCo k, principal of the j unior normal at ~I cC.)ok for the summer of 1912. Super intendent L. F. Garey, ' 09 • of Valley bas or agnized a Valley Male Quartet which has met with such success th;t it gave a couple of number s on a program in Omaha a short time ago. Superintenden t C B Moore • ' 09 • of Oceola, is sti ll Joyal to his Alma Mater a nd interested in the debating work. He has offerd a gold medal for the best debater in theN ormal this year. Superintendent J.D. M cMillen, 'll, of Western is making quite a mov t o. ' ward the conso of the Western 11.d at10n . · t Both the and several r ural d 1stnc s. state and deputy superi n tendents have been down to assist in his good work. L ois Hill '97 has taken a position at L eshara, N~bra;ka, for the remainder of the year. In the Chicago Daily Ma roon, JanuarY 20 is an interesting account of Chicag?'hs ' . w1t affirmativ and negattv debates .. d N rtlnvestern Mi chigan a t Mandel., a n b at Evanston, in which Chicago lost y · · · George. N. two unanimous dectstons. romtnent F ost er ' 06, one of our former P . debat e,rs was on the Chicago affirmatlv t eam ag~inst Mich igan, a t Mandel. All claim that Chicago was equal in a_rg~­ ment but not quite t he equal of Mtch t· gan i~ pol isht delveiry. Roth teams had powerfu l cases and well formu lated argument. Some claim t hat Chicago had the decis ion two to one. The question was,




resolvd, that the recall should be adopted for all electiv state and municipal officers except judges. Prof. Gregg, who is at the Chicago University th is semeste r, had the ples路1re of hearing t he debate and reports Mr. Foster the strongest debater of the evening. Olive Griffith, '95, a missiOnary from Jubbelpace, India, was in Peru the first of the month and gave an interest ing lect 1re at the Christian church on her work and experiences in that far away land. Miss Griffith also had a unique collection of curios. Misses Edna and Mary Barnes came in from Hooper and spent Christmas with their parents near Peru. Mrs. Graca Tolhurst Blessing '07 of Auburn, has gone to Elmwood for a ~isi t with her parents. Rev. Eugene B. Maxcy and fami ly from Diller spent a part of the Christmas vacation with his parents in Peru. Miss Frances Meader, '97, is traveling in Nebraska, organizing Women' s Foreig n Missionary societi es. Miss Meader recently gave a talk to the Epworth League in Auburn. The many friends of Mr. and Mrs. H. H Reimund , '06, will be sorry to hear of the deth of theirlittle son, which occurd r ecently at Alliance. Lee Redfern, ' 10, principal of the Brownv ille school, was in Peru, January 27, to hear the fourth numbe r of the lecture course by Frank A. Cannon, on ' 'The Modern 1\:lormon Kingdom. '' Rex Truman, ' 10, and Martha Giltnhe, ' 11, of the high csholo at Stella brot ' and their debating squad up January 27, spent the day at work in the library. F rank J ennings, '11, of Fairbury, was in Peru January 26, to see Professor Weeks, of t he agricultural department here bef or e starting the new agricultur-

a l course t hat he is l o have the re . Mr . J e nnings is slill the accide nt rece ivd last fal l but has mi st only fh路e clays of

c:1arge of la me from in f ootbal l, school.

Supe1路intendent J. W. Lang , '10, of Thurston county, vis ited seve ral days in Peru rece nt ly . Mary S teutev ill e, ' 00 , who t eaches in S ioux City, Iowa, s pent Chri stmas vacat ion w ith her pa re n ts in Brownvi lle. Mary McCune, '04, of Julian, has g one to Palmy ra t o t each the r e mainder Mi ss McCune has spent of the year. s ave ral seasons in Chi cago at the conservatory of Mus ic, taking vocal work. P orfessor George McGre w, '08, of Silver Creek, spent Chris tmas in Auburn wi th his mother, s ist er s and li ttle daughte r. Two of our Alumni , Mi sses Marie Frerichs, ' 97, and Augusta Frerichs, '05 teache rs in Seattle , a re m ourning the' det h of t he ir mother , w hi ch occ urd recent ly in Auburn. Both da ug hters wer e in Auburn to atte nd t he fun eral. After the present term Aug usta wi II teach in Thayer county. Miss Cora B . Hill, ' 00, is e njoyong her position as assistant principal of the University Temp le hi&h school, Lincoln, this being her second year in t hat position. Miss Mary Heacock, '05, a nd Helen Heacock, ' 10, are living in Lincoln and attend ing the University. They are esThe pecia lly activ in the Peru 路 club. club a lso receivs loyal support from a numbet; of city teachers, among whom are Miss Mabel Bridges, '02. Miss Myrtle Hyett, '09, and Miss Mayme E. J a ckson, '03. Judg e Charles Letton , ' 79, of N e braska Supreme Court, set s a fitting exa mple of loyalty t o Peru Alumni in t aking some of his valuab le t ime to attend a bus iness




meeting of the Alum n i officers in the state supe ri nlc nclenL' s office during holidays. All a bmni of P eru we re plea~d last fall when he st·Jod firs t in t h e li st of big maj or iti e· afte r clc~t ion.

Albert Gilber t, '07, w:1o finishes his course in t he Agr ic·l ltnral college of our State Universi ty, has been cald to a posit ion in the animal h usbandry depar ~ment of t he Perdue university, Indiana.

Another of our number who has turned to the fie ld of the po li t ical work is J oseph Gi llila n, '92, elected county tresurer of N e maha county by a good major ity, la~t autumn. Mr. Gi llila n was one of the speakers on t he program of the Nebraska County Treasure rs' Association, held in Omaha , J a nua r y 23-25 .

G. H. Neilson, ' 10, is principal of Sturgi s, South Dakota, high school, and teaches the science work. He finds the work p lentiful but agreeable. " South Dakota," he says, " is much different from Nebraska."

Gertrude E ly, '10, is pr incipa l of the west ward of Beatri ce public schoo ls. She w.Jrks with e ight teachers in her c':taracterist ic ent:113ia-;tic nn.nn er a nd consequentl y r eports her work very pl e~n t.

Ar thur Gi lbert, '10, is high sc':tool teacher of science at Crete. From his enthus iasm over ihs baske t ball ·team, which had in early December been beaten but once, one would judge that it was .second only to h is teaching work. He presented a paper before the physical sci ence section of the last State Teachers' Association that brot forth much discussion.

Superinte n dent C. B. Moor e, '09, of Osceola, is inauger ating a work that is .;f. not distinc tiv, but promises a near apResol utions. proach to securing t he country boy his Inasmuch as our Heavenly Father in rig hts to equal oppor tunity with h is city hi s infinite w isdom has called from th is cous in , for self im pr ovement. Saperinearthly home the father of our classmate, t endent Moore cal ls the work "Osceola Mr. Chas . Moulton, we, t he members of High Schoo l' s Extens ion Course." the Junior Class of the Nebraska State Those of the a lumni a nd former Peru students who would li ke to reach out a Normal School, pass the follow ing resohelping hand to rura l schools in their v i- lutions: Resolved, that we ext end to our cinity wi ll find Superin tendent Moore's · fr iend, Mr. C~as. G. Moulton, and t he plans full of suggestions. other members of hi s family, also to his H. J. Broderson, '06, is in · Cornell, at aunt, Mrs. Crawford of the Peru State Ithica, New York, this year, working for Normal, our sincer~ 'sympathy in their his doctor's degree. H e secured his sorrow. mast er ' s degree last year at Kansas Resolved, that w~, recognizing in our State University. H e writes that he Father an ever pre~ent help, do comthinks he will have a ll the work done f or mend. the m t o Him for consolation. the Ph. D. by commencement of the Resolved, that a copy of these resolus pring, 1912. tions be sent to Mr. Chas. G. Moulton Ow ing to the r esignation of Miss and to the Normalite. Signed by Mme Jackson, William McConnell , L. A. Wickland, 06', is now president of the L incoln Peru Ethel Hale, Club. The last meeting . while not as Alta Williams, large as others, was quite their equal in Ruth Nelson, Wm. Roettger. spiri t and good feeling.




--------~-----THE NORMA LITE Peru, Nebraska

A Monthly Magazine Publisbt in the of Education


Publisht by the State Normal School Subscription 75 cents per year. Single copy 10 cents Advertu ing rates furoisbt on application

Enlcrd 111

tile l'o~tofllcl· at l'<·rn. ;-;<·lora,l; a. "" scroud •:lass mat tt·r

EDITORIAL STAFF G S Hansen ' 12 ............ ......... Editor in -ch i<· f C harlotte Cooley ' 12 ............. A><Hlciatc Erl it o r J W. Wear Jr. ' I+, ...... .. ...... 11usinc>~ :\l ana;.:cr

DEPARTMENT EDITORS Mary A T y no n '98, ............................ Alu mni l\lcrk Swan ' 12, .......... ............................ CI:o "" :\-lattha Greenlee '1:! ........................ Soei<·t,· Charle:; Liv. ly ' 13 ................... .................. Club ;\]abel Swanson ' 12 ........................... Rcligi n us Grayce Teich ' I:-{ .................... .. ................ ~·lu sic E. C. Beck ' 12 ............................ ....... Athle tic H. Shaver 'L2 .................................... Exchnngc

BOARD OF MANAGERS C. F . Beck .......................... , ............. .. .. Facultv Ray Lundy '12 ............... ................... :.... Scnio.r Frank Ellc:nberger ' 13 ......................... .'.... Ju n ior Bessie Armstror.g ......... .................. .... ....T raincr Cassius Kennedy ' 14 .... :................ : .. Sr>pho m,.rc Vern Chatelai n ,15 ............................ Fr<·shm an H. D. :\11 arti n ................................. Pr<pll ra tory Catherine Green lee ' 12 .......................... Everet t E. C. Beck '1 2 ................. ............ Phi lo m athca n Wm . Roettger '13 ........................... Y. M . C. A. ........................ Y. W . C . A. GertrudeSugbrue '13 ... .................... N. C. C. A. Sus.v :\1. Sm ith .......................... Dramatic C lub Hazel Taylor '12 ................. .. ........... 1.atin Club Ebba Wahlstrom ' 12 .................... Gcrman C lu b E. C. Beck '12 .................... Athletic Association Chester Darrow ........... ................... Cicero n ian

1' he week beg inning Jan ua r y 30, was g iven e ntirely ()ver to the preliminary debates, as e ight de baters w~::re to bechosen to re present lhe !::chnol in the inter-colleg-iate c mLcsts \\'i Lh the Wayne Normal a nd Lhe Kcamey No r mal. Thirty- ni ne registerd fnr th is t ryout, a nd a ll but a few did what \\'as ex pected , namely, prepare for the eve;n ing- assignd . The few who faild to appea r the reby lost a n excellent opportun i ty to become somewhat tra ind in publ ic speaking-. Th..:se prelimina1·ies, wh ich are he ld once eac:1 year. p lace before each member of l~e studen t body a chance to do tw0 things: fir;:; t, tr y for a p lace upon some represen tati v team; and second, to make himself familiar with so me of t he pr inciples of speaking before an a udi ence. The place u pon a team may not appea l to everyone, b.1t it is an h:m .)r whi ch is ha rd to estim ate a nd is a I egi t i mate goal t ')ward whi ch to strive. If the firs t opportuni ty is n ot d ~s i rab l e, th e sceon d, becaus of its importa nce, cann ot be overJookt. Every person in t he t eaching profession, at some time or oth e r in his career, is cald upon to app:'ar before a n audi ence in some capacity, therefore every student should if possibl e, avail himself of the opportu nity for practis which t hese preliminaries offer. So next yea r, every s t ude nt who possibl y can should regi st er for these preliminaries.

Miss Fudge:- I m ove we adj ourn as we are inv ited out t o a fud ge party. · Mr. J ohnson :- Mr. Chairman, I obj ect as I d'o not believ it right to leav one Fudge party to attend another.

Miss Keith :- Boys are d es irable but not essential.


II With

tb~ ~lass~s




Ju ni or N otes

Severa l ne w m(:mber:; h::n ·e been added to the Ju n ior cia:;::; Lhi s semeste1·: some are s tuden ts c nlcri ng t he or mal f or the first t i1 ne. The class now numbers about one hundred s ixty, and is the la rgest class in Lhc school a nd we hope that the e nrol lm ent will con tin ue to be as g rea t thruo~1t LhP seni or year , fo r we understand the maj or i ty of the clac:s inted retu rni ng next year to complete their wo r k befor e leaching . J unio rs, hav ing- fini sh t their m idyea r exam inations, a r c sm iling again. All seem to be s ta r t ng out a new on the second semester 's wo1·k , wi t h a n atte mpt to ma ke each oppor tu ni ty t hey have coun t f or more tha n ever bef ore . A Commi ttee was a ppo inted by the cabine t offi cers to an·ange the juni or materi a l a nd spacing f or the P eruvia n. Our class had the bes t showing in t he Pe ruv ia n last year , a nd we hope to keep up our good record t hi s yea r. Those on the committee a r e as f ollows: Mr. Chris tenson ; cha irman; Messr s. Krebs and Youn.;:ma n, a nd Misses Ke ith and Gri ece. The juniors we r e g lad to have a second ca ll f rom t heir worthy senior friend, Mr. Beck, at class chapel, J anuary 24.

Miss Mea rs :- " Miss Edith Cornell , name the plane t s.'' Miss Cornell names them. Miss Mears- "Whi ch of these do you know the most about?" Miss Cornell- " Mars . " Dr. Skinner , who is at the heel of the phys ics d epartment of the univers ity at Lincoln, has askt Mr. Hendricks t o make an applicati on f or a pos iti on as assistant in that department. The poistion carri es with it opportuni t ies for ha lf time

studen t work. Because of the excellent chance offerd f or advancd study, Mr. H endri cks g reatly regretted his inabil ity to accept. The juniors aTe proud of the fact that t his position bas been offered t he ir <'lass adv iser. They realize what such an opportuinty means, but are, never t heless, g lad to know that he has dec ided to r emain at P eru. Severa l of the juniors were in evidence in the Philomathean play g iven on J anua ry 25. The juniors are proud of the talen t shown by some of t he members a long tha t line. Word has been r eceivd of t he deth of one of our former class members, Vera Snyder , of Auburn. She had been in ill helt h fo r some t ime a nd had finally been removd by her par ents to Texas, with the hope that the change of climate would benefit her. Her deth occw·d three weeks ago and the body was brot home f or burial. Mi ss Snyder will be best r ememberd by the f ew members of the class who started in as nint11 graders her e at Peru.

Preparatory Class. The preps have organized a g irl's basket ball t eam a nd have challenged the tra iners. Rev. St itt spoke at t he prepar atory convocation on life in England. Prof essor Smith gave a very interesting talk on ·hi s exper ience in Montana. The prepa ratory class · ost two of its members at the beginning of t his semester, Miss Bertha Smith, who went home because of sickness in the family, and Miss Mazie Whisman, who finisht t he work she came here to do.

Sophomore. The sophomores remaini ng in Peru




celebr ated the first day of the year 1912 by coasting down Standley hill. H azel Johnson spent the Christmas hol idays wi th friends in Sutton, Nebr. Mildred Hawley, who was ill fo r some t ime, resumd her school dut ies after t he Christ mas vacation. Violet St. J ohn and Ruby H uff spent J a nuary 20 and 21 at the former 's home in Nehawka, Nebraska. Miss Osbourn and Sarah Ray have succeeded in making t he first basket ball team. Miss Osbourn was elected as manager of the sophomore seven. We have a good showing in the preli minaries this year . Nearly one-th ird of the total number re igsterd are sophomores. We, as a c:ass, are indeed ~orry to lose several of our number who have gone into the j unior class for the second semest er. However we are pleasd to welcome a considerable number of new st udents in our midst. Miss Snyder enter taind the class during separate chapel exercises on December 10, 1911. At a later . date Bert Dressler red the ''Sophomore Breeze'' . The witty remarks and good jokes provokt a general r oar of laughter.

T rdiner Class Notes. Miss N iles has left school. She is _teaching in t he northern part of the state.




The number of Exchanges rece ivd fer January were very few. I t hard ly seems possible t hat the Chri s tmas ho li days cou ld possibly have been so colrl as to have "frozen them a ll out." Try to Do a ll t he good yo u can, Whenever you can To as many peo p le as you ca!l. It is p leasing to note the number of h ig h schoo ls that are pub lishi ng school papers. Severa l of these, amo ng th e m t hose r aceivd from Fre mo n ta nd Kear ney, are fi ne productions, s howi ng g reat labor and interest in the sch ool.

Teacher - What is i t that causes us . to stumble a nd fa ll by the way? Sma ll Gir l- ! thi n~-c it is t h e hobble skirt. Defi ni tion of t he five senses : " T he five senses are sneez ing, sobbing. crying, yawning, co ug hi ng, By t he sixth sense is ment an extra one whi ch some fo lks have. This is snor ing. " Teacher :- Now can som e one tell us t he d ifference bet ween weeds and flowers? Wi llie:- - Weeds· are t he ones t hat want to come up and flower s are t h e on·e s that don't. Mary had a li ttle co ld Tha t started in h er hed, And everywhere t hat Mary we nt Tha t cold was sure to spred.

Miss An·n a Davis, who -was wit h us during the first semeste, has left for an extended visit in California While . t here she will study music.

It fo llowd her to school one day, (Ther e wasn' t any ru le) It made t he ch ildren cou g h a nd sneeze To have t hat cold at school.

On the evening of J anuary 18, the trainers met at the home of Mrs. Crawford and went for a sleigh r ide. Every one had a j olly t ime and enjoyd Mrs. Crawford's big box of candy.

The t eacher t ri ed to dr ive it out, She tried hard, b u t - ker choo! It did n't do a b it of good , For te~cher cau g ht it, too. -School Board Journal.


II Soci~ti~s





Ph tloma th ea n

Philos Lwn prog-rams just precedingthe close o f Lhe s~..• m e~ter w<: re of a ,·ery entertaini ng· nalut·c . On J an ua r.\· 29 Lwo unique pan lnmill!e.;; ,,·er e g-i\" ~ n. fi r st, "His o ld , W-.!elh ear ts.' · aPd c::econd . "Her old Sw1.•e lhearls. ·' Thece were inte nse ly in ler c:sling- at' d re:ni nd ed many PnilomaLh eans of nld Lim es. On ,Janua ry 1 !), lh <.! pro.!!ram w as of a ba:;ke t bal l n:tlure . d Je t o the fa c t that the fir.;l g irls ' g a me o f the se<::s an was to be playcl i nt n e d i a te ly afte r the society. M ~ny n ~ w f e:1t ur03 o f t:1e ga :11e were d isplayd. The ope n S<.!!'>s inn play of the .\·ear \\"as given in lhe C'hape l, 'Ihur.sday e \·ening, J anuary 25 . Tl.c house was crowded and the : as L wzs ab le to i nter ~st the at:d"ence for th·ee a nd a h::1lf ho .:r s . "The Cl imbe rs," under the direction of Bertha Reed, was learnd a nd prepared f or lbe s ~age in but littl e over two weeks. This is the re.:m lt of PhilomaLhea ns li ,·ing up t o their motto, "Re3pon d t o Duty." T he fo ll owing officers were elected on J amwry 26, for t he second semester: G. S. Ha nsen, president; Chas. Novak, v ice president; E di th Cornell , r ecording sEcre tary ; L e i ia Courtv.rri g ht, cornsponding secretary; A. 0. J ohnson, trasurer; H . Staak, sergeant-at-arms; J. W. Wear, Grace Te ich and Josephine Ort, t r us tees. Immediately following the election of officers a reception was given tJ the members of t he play cast and the out go ing officer s.

t v e rett I iterary Society. Our first program of 1912 was a leap y ear ent~rtain men t, of which the girls were in cha rge . It was as f oll ows: Piano duet, Misses Edna and Lillian


Hanks ; debate, Resolvd that women should propose; affirmd by Misses May Shively and Bessie Fagg, and denied by Ward N ippert and Phil Rouse ; Leap Year Opportunities, by Unde-n Tharp. Afte r t his part of our program, there was a farce ca ld "A Leap Year Conference." The following took par t: Sara Jewell. Pauline Sublette, Catherine Green lee, Edna Fuchs, CalTie s:,erwood, Dalna Brown, Frances Nevin<::, Maud Miller , Berneta Peterson, Mrs. Adams, Doro ~her F uchR, Rose Geary. These gentlemen. the Bachelors of Chappyville, also t )ok par t : R. E. Bailey, Mr. Hahn, Ber ~ Dressler, Mr. Adams, Carl Overton, James Dorsey, Mr. Rose, Lynn Gifford . Th~ fo llo\\"ing Friday P.\·eni ng was given over to a boys' program. Pi ano solo, H. H. Humphreys, The Everett Ga"!ette by Mr . DeBolt, and a vocal solo by Frank E llenberger. The r est of the time we wer e enterta ind by ow· Celebrated Negro Minstrels, who are known as Ward Nippert, Phil Rouse. Ray Lund y, SterHng Whitfield, Lynn Gifford, Clarence Car ter Vernon Krebs Orville Ralston, Wil lin:n Dnovan, Maxshall Jones and Willi am Albin. F or some t ime Phil Rouse and ClarEnce Carter, under the direction of Professor Smith, have been working on a new pos_ter box for the Society. It is of solid oak, with the word EVERETT in ra ised letters a bove the door. Everett liste nd to a chalk talk, which was well g iven by Earl Newman, on Friday evening, January 26, 1912. After thi s the election of officers was comple tect: H. H. Moyer, pr esident; Cecelia H oehne, vice president; Ida R iggle, recording secretary; Rachial Wittwer, corresponding secretary; R. H. Bailey, trasurer; James Dorsey, sergeant at arms; G. C. DeBolt, attorney; Maude Miller, r eporter ; P. K. Lapp, Lynn Gifford , Ray Lundy, Trustees.




Athen ian.

Ciceronian .

On January 6 the Cicer onians and Athenians met to. debate the question, Resolvd, that state colleges and univer sit ies should be prefe rd to those under The Atheni an denomina lional control. debat ers were Miss Hendricks fo r the affirm at iv and Miss Garver for the negat iv. T he boys who were to have represented the Ciceronia n·s fa ild to appear , so Mr. Lively was chosen t o reinfo rce the affirmativ, andM r. Bailey was cald upon t o sustain the arg uments of the negati v.

Th e Athenians met wiLh us on t he evening of J anua ry :ZO, in a j uint deba te on the question of Lhe f easib ili ty of s ubs ti t ut ing manua l training for athletics in ou r col leges. On Satu rday evening-, Jan;.;ary 27, t he society met bu t. as mos L of Lhe me mbers we re p re par ing fo r the p r<:>liminary debates, no q uesLi on was d iscust. Election of offi cers fo r t he second semester a nd t he t ransact ion o£ other business was t he evening program . The fo llowing officers we1·e elected: Albin J ohnson , president ; El lis Frye, secretary and t reasurer; Mr. Dress ler, society ed ito r. The office of repor ter wi ll be fi ld by t he secretary.

Most of the At henians were working industriously t o prepare debates for the pre il imnari es, so tha t on January is, it was arrangd to have extemporaneous speeches. On account of the girl s' gy mnasium entertainment, onl y a few were present at t he meeting. The Athenia ns and Ciceronians then met together and practist parliamentary law. On January 20 the Ciceronia ns and Athenia ns met together. The questi on for debate was, Resovld, that man ua l training shou ld be sbustituted fo r athletics in our school. No one was askt to put special preparation on t he subject, but each one was requested to come pr epard to state his views on the subject. I t was decided that t he cha ir appo int t wo leaders to choose sides and debat e t he question. Mr. J ohnson and Miss Keith were chosen , and t he following sides were selected : Affirmati v, Misses Ke ith, Osbourne, Lintz and Kra us a nd Mr. Fry; negat iv, Mr. J ohnson, Misses Smith , Fudge and Wells, and Mr. Burelle. No one had prepard man~ arguments f or the debate, but each one had some ideas of his own toe ontribute to the d iscussion. On the whole the discussion was more am using t han ser ious, but the instructiv element was by no means neglected.


Phy sical Science C lub. The last meeting of t he Physical Science Club, J a nua ry 15, 19 12, ..vas a most intensely interest ing one. Mr. George Ha nsen gave a carefu lly pr epared ta lk on "Celestia l E vo lut ion, " in which he showd himself thoro ly fam i liar with many of t he aslronom i cal q ue:;tions wh ich ari se in a ny celestial evo lution theory. In f act, so m uch so t hat his hearers were led to r ig:1t ly infer t hat Mr. Hansen is ~orne " star gazer. " Hi s ma in talk had t o deal with L ::Jckyer 's P lanetesima l H ypothesis, show ing the facts concer ni ng t he planetary system wh! ch the Nebular H ypothesis of Laplace does not a ccount. H e also toucht upon the tida l evolution of satelites as expla ind by .Darwin a nd h is theory as t o the ultimate end of the ea1·th; a lso a few facts were shown whic h wo:1 ld t end t o show di scr epencies in D r . ·see's theory of the cap t ur e of sat ellites. .;/-

L atin Clu b.

Monday nigh t, Jan uary 15, Professor D uncanson's room was fi ld w ith Latin studen ts to hear M iss Clark g i,.re a stere-




op ticon l ec L u r~ o n the many inte r esting s ites w'1ich she \·is ited whe ni n Rome. Those prescn t w<:re g-i ven as concre t e a n idea of classic Rome as pi ctures and suggest ions a rc ab le to fu r n i. h. Th e hour set ais·le fo r th e club meeting past too quickl y . The a udi e nce left determ ine! to s3e Rome for Lhe mse lvs if the oppor t uni ty ever pe r m itted. M iss Clark f ul fild her inte n ti ons by imparting t o us , f or t eaching p u r poses, a bette r conception of Rome. On F e bru a ry 5, the Latin Club wi II hold an informa l meet ing , except ing a short t ime which will be spen t in the election of officer s for t he second semest er. About fourtee n have regi sterd for Ovid this semeste r. Agric u lture.

At t he last meeting of the Agricultural socie ty, the fo llowing officers were elected for t he coming semester: Sanford Cle me nts, p r es ident ; Warren Burrelle, vice president; Rena Ke ith, secretary, and E lamorer , tresurer. The last meeting was addres t by Mr. J . D. Graves , his subject be ing the t each er 's r e la ti onshi p to the far mers of her school d istrict. The Norma l Agri cultural society will cooperate with the farm ers in making Peru Farmer' s Ins titute a live meeting during the days a nd evenings of F ebruary 27 ·a nd 28. Many good speaker s of the state will talk on agricultural subj ects. A domesti c science demonstration will be a f eature of the progra m.

Ellenberger , president ; Cassi us Kennedy, vice preside nt; Grayce Teich, secretary ; H . Shaver , t resurer ; Noel Tyson, trust ee. The next r egular meeting was cald for Monday, January 28, at which was given one. scene from "The Merchant of Venice," a nd the " Psychological Moment. " On acco unt of Miss Rader 's illness, the scene from Shakespeare, of which she was manager , was postponed.




N . CC. A. Our Association has recently been streng thend by the addition of several new members from the new students. We gladly welcome them, and invite all young men and women of the Catholic f a ith t o join us. Under the direction of our new corps of officer s we hope to make our fellowship t ogether during this semester a means of help and inspiration. Mi ss Niedermeyer , one of the members of the N. C. A ., bas gone to her home in Fremont, expecting to return to Peru to complet e her Normal co11rse during the summer school. She will be greatly m ist by her fri ends in the association. .JI.


Y. M . C. A. The Young Men's Christian Association on December 10 was led in a very able manner by our good friend , Rev. W. E. Darrow, upon the subject, "The Glory of Young Men." The gr eatest g lory is our being able t o say, " I have done something for some one."

0 n January 18, 1912, was held a short b usiness meeting of the Dramatic Club t o elect officers for t he second semester. The foll owing wi ll serv this term : Frank

Our meeting of December 7, was led by our inspiring chemistry instructor, Professor Hoyt. H e spoke to us on the subject, "Christian Manhood. " The

D armatic Club. ,




meeting was was very in teresting and attendance good . We were pained at th is meet ing, however, to learn that while the years of 1911 and 1912 were changing places, we were to lose our beloved adviw ·, Professor Gregg, whose place was hard to fi lL Professor Jean was announct as new advisor. The Young men feel that he will prove an efficient man in this capacity. Our first meeting ~f the new year was H is top ic led by the Rev. Mr. Stitt. was "Popularity." It was a msot interesting meeting. On January 21 we again had the g reat ple3 ure of li st~ning to our esteemd Coach Thacker. His ta lk was a hart to har t talk, as 'one among us and not one abov . us. This was our meeting day for electiOn of officers, which was taken up after the talk. The officers electe:l were as follows : Li vely, our fai t hful ex-record ing secretary, was elected to the p:e5 ident's chair, which place he wil l ocThe CJpy in a most excellent manner. other officers are: Chester Darrow vice president; Alfred Nielson, reco,rding secretary ; J- A. Chri stmson, corresp:md i ng secretary ; :;tnd Noel Tyson, t resurer. .;J.

Y.W.C. A. At the January kensington Mrs. fRoss ~ouse gave a very inter esting and practical talk on "Landscape Painti ng. " The subject was appropriately chosen because of Peru's natural scenic beauty. The suggestions given to aid us in more truly appreciating and understanding painting, and the beauties of nature about us, were such that every g irl who heard the talk, was made more keenly alive to and observant of the great outof-doors, seen either in reality or on t he canvas. Because of the bitter co ld

wet her the attendance was small, b ut. t he usual happy and con .~e ni a l alnws phere of the association pe:n·:.1d l!d Llw tin~e spent together. T he association at Peru is \'Cry often fo r tunate in b3ing- able lo se:: ~1rc th ru the local churches s peakers of no te and ab ili ty. The com ing of Miss Oli ve Griffith, a rc t urnd m i,..s innar.v fro m India, made it poss ibl e for w; to hear her at our Sunday aftemoon nwcli nf!·, Ja n uary 6. Mi ss G1·iiTith b1·ot an insp iring message d irect from t h(! fi e ld. She is at horne on a furlow at presen t, and expects to sa il for I ndia in Se ptember, 1912. Specia l interest ce nte rs a rou nd Miss Gr iffith beca.use of he r uc ing- a g raduate of our own Sta'c No r ma l in 1H95 , and her horne being- nf:ar Pawnee City, N ebraska. The Firs t Chri stia n Ch ur ch cf Linco ln has t he honor of having a foreign mi!"sionary on i ts staff of workers, Miss Griffith be ing e n t irely s•Jpported by this church. Miss Dora Krebs gave a he lpful, inter~ e>ting ta lk to the g irls, J a n ua ry 13, on t'1e subject, 'The Life of F'aith." "The Temptations of a Co llege Girl's Life " was very practica lly d iscust by Miss Frances Hughes, January 20. Miss Hughes askt a large num ber of the g irls b talk on what th ey cons ide rd t he most Among t he list common temptat ions. talkt about were, Sunday study ing , iack of responsib ili ty in r el igi ous affairs whi le away from home , selfishness, dishonesty in exam ina tions, a nd ca re l esE ~ ness in speech. Good music is a lways furni sht at our afternoon meet ing~, thanks to the unremitt ing zeal of M iss Ruth N elson and her music committee, which is a sub-di v is ion of the religious meetings comm ittee. We are enter ing upon the second and last semester of the schoo l year. What we may not have done the past Eemester is now beyond recall , but we haw:~ some



eighteen weeks in which to d o a few of the t hings whi c h \\" C did - nqt find time f or t he firsl e ighteen weeks g irls who fou nd it imposs ible t o j oin t r.... Associ a ti on fo r t he fu ll y ear, we e xte nd a nothe r opp:>r tuni ly to ha\·~ a part in the ma ny good lh ings ·l he association will offer to m e mbe r.,; du ri ng the closing mo nths of ::;chool. Th e mem ber·sh ip f ee f or the remaintl e r uf t he yea r is onl y 50 cents. No better expe nd i tu re of tha t s mal l s u m co u ld be made t~an to s ign up for Y. W. C. A. To t he new g irl s wh 1 ha\·e j ust en terd s :!hoo l, t he a ssoc iatio n ex tends a wa rm \vel.come. W e sha ll be g lad to have y·ou en ter our I ife as a ssoc iat ion g irls. ·a nd he!p. us in wha t e vc r way you find time, and in tu rn fin d he lp a n d added strength fro m the closer co m pa ni o ns ~ i p .

II [ocal and P~rs~nalll P res ide n t Hayes a nd Professors Hend ri cks, R -,use a n :! Delzell , went t o LinC) ln, Febr uary 2, t o attend a meeting of the Nebras~< a S(!hoo lmaster 's Assoc ia tion. Dr . Scherme rhorn, a mi ssiona ry from India, addrest the stud en t body on J a nuary 29 . He had spoken at f our meetings on Sunday, b u t neverth eless, he held the undiv id ed a ttenti on of ever y student. Miss Mutz, a t chape l, on F e bruary 1, t old us a bout t he Linco ln memori a l, a work of ar t by Mr. French, which will soon be unvei ld upon the state capi to! g rounds. S he descri bd it so full y t hat any one couid picture the stat ue as it wi II a ppear. The chapel exercises w hich a re g iven every Tuesday a nd Thursday a re a source of much inter est . Recen t ly Miss Ke lly' s pup i Is dra ma ti zed several of Mother _Goose's Rhym es for us. Mi ss Meal'S has again enterd u pon her


duties as instructor in geography, and a lso has the cia~ in social psy"chology. Spec ia l groans were . in ord~r a few ago when President Hayes announct that hereafter roll call must be t aken at class cha pel. ~veeks




The Norma l qu.i ntet won its second game when i t n1et t he Alliance hig h school, on J a nua ry 3. The Peruvi ans ha d just r eturnd to school, coming frorh a ll quar ters of Nebraska, b'ut never theless t hey playd a good game: Ea rl Meyer, fai'nous ·in Per uvian basketbal l a nd tenn is, coacht the vis it ing tea m a1:d had developt a fast, clean team. The d usky center was a ·ma rvel f or sheer ale r tness a nd agility, shooting into the air Iike a rock.-t. Each Peru man req uires specia l menti on. Clements d id t he f a ncy goal ~h ooting, S:!hott an:l Ren f ro the fi eld wor k, and Sims and Shaver the defensiv wor k. Mewh ir ter was g iven a t ryout a t guard . Kr ebs a nd Li vely were workt out a t f or ward. At the last ca ll of the whist le the scoreb~ard read , Peru 33, Alliance 5. Schott, Renfro, Mewhirter ,· Sims, Shaver Li vely a nd Wickham journi ed to ' Shenandoah, J a nuary 26, where they me t Company E on the basket ball fl oor. The boys started off we ll but it soon developt into a well known Shenandoah g ame, that of r oug hing. The Norn:atites wer e trodden under foot a nd r ece rvd the small end of a 20 to 41 score. N discouragee mnt need be felt s ince each man did well. Wait un t il March 4, when we see them in Peru.


Coach Thacker t ook hi s basket ball team to Omaha, J a n uary 12. There Per u playd Omaha Uni in the first in tercollegia t e game. Schott , Shaver , Clements, Sims, Li vely, Overton and Beck



mase the trip The Normalites started the scoring immediately after the whistle announced the game and before three minutes had elapst that ClemantsSchott combination play had scord 14 points. Omaha then stedied and a good game was playd. Sims and Shaver never let their forwards out of their sight, while Lively playd like a veteran. _ Clements did the star goal tossing. The half ended Peru 26, Omaha 7. Omaha playd the defensiv game with "saddles and spurs" during the second half. This half was rougher and more fouls were cald. Schott showd up well on the dribble. Overton was given a tryout at forward . Score Peru 36, Omaha! 5. The girls won their initial game when they defeated the South Omaha girls at Peru, January 19. The girls made a good showing and give promis of a winning team. The first half was much slower than the second and fouls were cald repeatedy. Ort threw two field Berger secured goals and Meyers one. two fouls. Score, Peru 6, South Omaha 2. Miller replaced Memfee. Miss Rader, wishing to give all a tryout, placed Fagg at center, Lambert at forward, and Inks at guard. This half was fast and exciting. Berger started by getting three goals in rapid succession. But Peru came back strong and were soon leading. Ray playd ¡a star game at guard, as did Ort at forward . Each player deservs mention. Tne final score read, Peru 24, South Omaha! 4. Miss Rader should be congratulated upon the success of the mid-year gymnasium exhibition. Everything was successful. Class basket ball has begun. A semischedule has been fixt and some regulations have been made. No player participating in two full college games is e ligible . Inter-collegiate rules will be used.


music D~partm~nt II

Are you a "monotone?" If so , stop it! Miss Carpente r is positivly fornenst the habit of s inging tunes on one pitch . Some of us might h ope to escape her clutches, but he r army of understudies can't be dodgd. The writer strold into a mus ic room the other day, led by the sound of voices that were struggling with troubles of their own. The re was a gii:li s h enthusi ast on a ricke ty chair making little cheeps to a couple of docile and aspiring lads, and the lads were getting somewhere! Not instantly of course ; not at a bound, but stedily, ne vertheless. With the larger classes the story is the same; mistakes, galore, but plenty of patience, and abundant effort, and a gentle onward march. It is proper f or us a ll to rejoice. Maybe America will turn out to be a singing nation yet. Your scribe has recently re turnd from the happiest advance age nt's trip of hi s eventful life. The Glee Club is to visit three of our best suburbs and return to Peru for a w ind-up concert on March 8 . The agent's reception at Nebraska City, Stella and Falls City was so kind ly that he is still feeling the glow of it. The Club will sing at each place under city school auspices, and can have unlimited opportunity to spread abroad the Peru spirit. And really, isn't it a fine thing, the Glee Club's chance to help the boys and girls of neighboring cities to turn their faces toward a school of this sort? Just being decent and friendly and kind w ill help a lot, even when one can't be so very smart. It will be strange if the Club's trip doesn't turn a good niany young hearts Peurward. MissAustin gave the students a chance to hear three of her pupils at chapel recently. They wereM iss Keith, Corinne Whitfield and Clalrence Howie. They all made made a most excellent showing.

Drs. Ha rajian & Vacek Resident Dentists Office over Burris Dntg- Stove


Residenc P hone 12

DR. B. L. SHELLHORN Residence Phone 6 Office over Rexall Store Phone 31 PERU .. NEBRASKA

I have purchased a speedy kodak with which I can take anything in motion, such as foot ball, tennis, foot racing Anything inathletic sports

Office Phone 27


STUDENTS When you are · in need of anything look up our advertisers they are th,e reliable merchants of the community.

Joseph Krepcla Merchant Tailor Call and See !.11y New 1912






Cleaned and Pressed Same Day -Brought, at .L1 1oderate prices Lad_ies'

J. E.· Richardson PHOTOGRAPHER

. ·

Suits cleaned and Pressed (SHOP PHONE 2H)



We Solicit the Accounts oi Normal Students

D!po !it Vf) tr n )'I ! Y wit!1 u3 fo r the sch ool yea r and p ay your bills by checks. You tbus h a ve a pl ace of safe.J:y ro r your m o ney a nd y o u g a in a v nlua ble business experience iu ca ring fo r your a cco unt. =

,• •





N aS . Jewelry and Novelty

Store We wish to impress upon your me mory that at the the N. S. N. S. J ewelry ~tore we repair ·w atches, Clocks, J ewelry · Spectacles Founta in Pens and everything that needs mending even , broken hearts You will have a happy year if you buy your J ewelry, Note paper, Covers, Note book Rings, Ink, Candies' always ' taste sweet . . ' whenbought at the N. S. N. S. ·J ewelry Stor e




.. \


..~ I ·

J. C. CHATij~iN .

T H E S T U D E N...T S ' ~ F R I E N D





PERU Appreciates and so-

licits the trade of .Vormal S t udents.

Wm. 'l'ynon, President C. R. Welden, Vice President

R. W. Kcl{••, Cashier

Deposit your money here and check it out a s you need it .




, AR.C H 1912



Spring Opening And Anniversary Sale Now On '

Every detail of our spring st ock is now complete we and are in r eadiness to serve the people with these spring wants. All the things in Ladies' Coats, Suits and Dresses, such well known makes as LaVogue,

S. H. F. and C. B. B. A Grand Exposition of Spring Millinery.

---~==================--· Young


. h f rom H trs ,

w·tck -

All the newest and nobbiests Men's



and Young

I Men's H?ts._.

wire & Co.

,. Y 0 U



T 0

A T T·· E N D

f. W. CLEVELAND & SON Tne Store of quality and Low Prices NEBRASKA CITY,


STUDENTS ••• Make our store your headquarters.

Come in a n r est and a sk

all the questions you wish.


orma I it¢ VOLUME V I.


Wbat tb~ lUorld Ow~ sto Pbysical


Sci~ nc~

W. F. Hoyt The wisest m a n of the anc ient world was emphatic in hi s conviction t hat "Ther e is nothing n ew u nder t he s un." That assertio n may have b een the acme of wisdom 1 000 year s B. C. , but it is t he acme of foo lis hness in 1900 years A. D. Science has almost li ttera lly given us "A new h eaven :-< and a new earth" s ince t hose wor d s were u tterd. I ndeed Solomon, Ar is tottle, or t he Pilg r im Fath ers would find l ittle t h a t was not n ew, were t hey t o rev is it the ear th today. D iscovery and th e g r owth of knowledge are making s uch rap id s tr ides, that a score of year s a lmost suffices t o r evo lut ion ize sci e nce. To parafrase t he poet, " Time makes ancient lore uncouth, They must u pwar d still , and onward, Who w ou ld kee p a brest of Truth.'' In fact, aside f r om religion, t he deg ree of mas tery of science is t he chief t h ing that d ifferentiates this cen tury and our civi lization f r om a ll othe r s, and is the main disting ui shing feat!,lre in the nat ions and races of t he present. These seem very sweeping statements, and they are, but they can be easily a nd abundantly verified . T he ancient Per-" sians , Greeks, Romans and Saracens were h ig h ly educated in a ll but scient ific maste r y, but t.his educati on a nd c iv i liza-

tion, g reat a s they were, d id not sav t hese peoples f rom constant terror of overwhelming hordes of bar barians, and a final overthrow by them. Contagious d iseases, plagues. scow¡ges, swept over t he earth uncheckt. Today t he savage is a helpless babe in the hands of scientific man. Infectious diseases are checkt and erad icated by scientific met hods a nd cures. Europeans of the e ig hteenth century were fairl y educated in t heir own estimation and according to the ideas of some modern educators, but their accomplishments and methods of doing t he wo rld 's wor k t heir modes of transpor tatio n, were ~!most as cr ude as those of their predecessors 2000 years before. T he Chinese today are educated . It is said that t here is rarely a cooley even who cannot r ead a nd write his language. T hese people have a splend id equipment of character and abi1ity, and their country is marvelously supplied with all the resources of modern civilizat ion and power, but t hey do not have the scientific knowledge necessary to utilize t hese r esour ces, and in consequence they are a backward race a nd a helpless nation. Given twenty-five years of scientific educa t ion, the Chr istia n r elig ion and a free government, a nd Chi na would inevitably



become the mightiest nation on the fl eet came out into the Pacific in perfecr g lobe. Germany 200 years ago was over- alignment. As it was approaching- t he populated according to the dictum of its rendezvous on the western coast of Mexphi losophers and economists. Germany ico, a nd the fl eet had not been s ighted t oday with many times the population of for severa l days , the welcome news of that period is far from overcrowded. Its the fleet' s safely ami nearness to port rap id increase of citizens is the hope and was flasht across the conlincnl and the pride of the empire today. Scientific Gulf to Key West. The miracl e of t hat mastery of nature dissipates the nig ht- day is the co mmonplace of thi s. Ocean ma re of overpopulation that has opprest steame rs now keep in constant communi the earth heretofore. There are approx- ¡ cation with land on t hei r voyages across imately 1,500,000,000 people in the the atlantic and will soon do so across world at present. It is confidently pre- the Pacific, t he g reatest str etch of oceandicted that the United States alone will desert. The othe r day Key West have and easily support that many inhab- "picked up" a message from H awaii, itants within three or four hundred and Berlin has succeeded in signa ling years. Revers the picture a nd try to the United Stales, and even Sou t h Amerimagine what would occur if a ll that sci- ica. Wireless telefony is a probabil ity , ence has done for the human race the and electric transmission of ligh t a s trong past 200 years were obliterated and fo r- possibili ty of the ncar futu r e. If t h is gotten today. Mankind would speedi ly last hope is reali zd it will be possible starv and fall victim to hardships a nd not on ly to talk wit h a distant fr iend, disease until the population of the eart h but to see him as well. arrivd at or near "the norma l of t hose Impor ta nt advances have recently been times and conditions. What I am try- made in co lor fotografy. A new appli ing to emphasize is that scientific mas- cation of fotografy t o inv is ible radia tery of nature and natura l law is abso- tions, incl udi ng not only the X-rays and lutely essential to the exist ence as well rad io-activity, but the infra- red and as to the comfort and convenience of the ultra-violet rays of the spectrum, is race as it is. Indeed our present rapid- g iving some wonderfu l results. Al lied ity of progress is necessary to keep pace with these are what is cald monochrome wit h the grow ing needs and demands of fotografs or fotografy by. a particu(ar mankind . part of t he spectrum. It is now possbl.., Confining ourselves to the f ysical sci- t o fotograf the s un fo r instance by I ig ht ences and the past few decades, we find of its hydrogen, hel ium, sod ium or calthat the telefone is a little over, and the cium lig h t alone. Thi s has opend a new electric lighting and electric traction field for investi gat ion. The ki nemetoa little less than three decades old. graph and its appli cation to the moving What would the world do without these picture has already accom p li sht wonder s conven iences? When our nationa l fleet and is destind to play a much .greater was on its voyage of circumnavigation part in social and educationa l circles. of the world, the vessels were in constan t Just now inv isibl e radia ti ons including communication, tho at times scat terd radio-activity is attracting w ide spread and invisible, by means of wireless tele- attenti on, and discoveries a long this line grafy. During the dangerous passage have alredy profoundl y m od ified our of the Straits of Magellan, t hough the conceptions and theories. T he light it fog and intervening islands and moun- sheds on X-rays, electric ity , che mical tains hid each vessel from the others, the forces, t he nature of matte r , is marve l-

THE NORMALITE ous. Only a f( ' \\" yent·,.; ag-o :\Ir . Edison bewaild the m_,·:-;Ll!ry of electricity, and declared , ' "T iw mor e I st..1dy and experi men t with iL. th i.! le,;s I feel I r eally know abnu L i L. · · El ectricity is sti ll a myste ry . as a re the I i fc functions . but the physic i:·L. like the b io log-is t wi th t he mystery of life. ha:; run dmi;n electr icity to its ultimate units . the ions , electrons or corpuscles t hat compose the atom. We have aL lcas L a p r incipa l as incontr overtabl e as Lhc d ictum of the bio logist in "There is no li fe w it hout p re-existing life". It is as fo ll ows; '"The re is no electricity without atom ic d is integation," fo r electr ic ity is t he impelli ng force t hat r es id es in t he e lectron. 'fhi s clears up the myst e ry of the production of electri city by f ri cti on, heat, chemical action, a nd e lectri c or magnetic induction, because all these processes are attended by mor e or less d i :-; in tegr~ti o n of the constituent atoms. The invariable accompaniment of positiv wi t h an approx imate ly eq ua l amount of negativ electricity is thus accounted for. Chemical affinity, magne tism, and t he X-t·ays are rati onall y exp laind by thi s theory . We have been ' 'going some ," Mr. Edi son, since you made those r e marks . A clear st a te ment of the electronic t heory of matte r may be g iven as fo llows: All matte r is made up of exceedingly small particles cald molecules. These molecul es are t he smallest possibles particles to reta in a ll the properties of the origina l s ubstance , and they are held togethe r in masses by a f orce cald cohesion. Molecules in turn are made up of cons iderably small er particles cald atoms. These a toms do no t r e ta in a ll the properties of the orig inal matter and rarely, if at al l ex is t alone, but are combined and held together in molecul es by a force we Tne atom finally call chemical affinity. is a dense clus ter of infi nitesimal particles charged with negativ and positiv electricity. The former a re beli evd t o r e-


,·oh· around the centrally locat ed positiv electrons, to which they are attracted by electrical impulsion. The atom is thus not an indivisible particle, but an immense group of electrically charged ions. I t is not a passiv, inert mass, as Dalton taugh t , but an activ throbbing system i nst i net with energy, l~eretofore unthot of. T hose who 1ike to speculate and dream have calculated that there is energy enuf lockd up in a couple of pounds of coal or a brickbat to dri ve a battleship acr oss the Atlantic if it were a ll utilized! A brickbat rig ht ly directed has long been known to drive a man a considerable distance, but in this case it was energized by a n outside f orce . Whether we shall ever be able to unlock and utilize this intra-atomic fo r ce or not , we know at least where it is and something of its amount. Is not a ll t hi s sheer theory, without definite proof? Cur iously enuf, tho the atom is immensely larger than the ion, and has been known for a much longer time, we actua lly know a great deal more about the ion t han we do about the atom, because of its electric charge. One of the most startling deductions of this fertile theory is that the electrons of all kinds of matter are essentially identica l, so that the differences between hydrogen and oxygen, carbon and sulfur, Sl"lver and gold, li e simply in the different n umber of e lectrons in the atoms of these elements, and possibly the ir arrangement in the -atom, and their ~o­ tions. May not the atoms of the hevter and more complex elements be broken up into the lighter and more simple atoms of other elements? That is exactly what is going on automatically and constantly in the disintegrati on of the radium atom, yielding for instance, hydrogen, helimn, li thium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, with atomic weights of 1, 4, 7, 20, 40, 80, and 128, respectivly. Sir J. J. Thompson has recently accomplisht some wonderful resul ts by passing t he




alpha particles given off by radium ' a nd other radio-active substances thru oxygen and various elemental gases, finding unknown atom ic combi nati ons of these gases and also traces of many other substances including two hitherto unknown elements with atomic weights Of 1.5 and 3 respectively. He suggests that t hi s wi ll ultimately di splace the spectroscopic method of analysis, 路 s ince it shows not only various elements, but their ato mic weights at once. His exper iments furnish an explanation of the fact that many elements show numerous spectroscopic lines. T he association of radio-activ substances, and of such elements as iron, nickel, and cobalt is easily understood as the result of atomic disintegration and the consequent formation of the related elements. Something like the I ines of descent discovered in biology are thus indicated. One of the chief difficulties with the nebular hypothesis and other attempts to arrange neb.u lae, stars, planets, etc., into a sysetm of progressiv development, was t hat the spectroscope reveald onl y from two or three to ten elements in the nebulae, and from twenty to forty in the stars including our own sun a nd over eighty in the solid and coold ~arth. Not a s ing le element was discoverd in nebula, star or sun not 路 found in the earth but much fewer of t hem. If as is firm!~ believd, the sun and other stars are but condensed portions of nebulae a nd the planets further condensed and 'coold portions of the sun, or at least of the same origi nal nebula, why are not the same number of elements found in all hevenly bodies? The electroni c theory easily explains this discrepancy. As the nebula cools and condenses into a sun or star and these condense into planets, the changed conditions of condensation and heat allow increast number of elemental atoms to form from the disperst electrons. Put oppositely, if our earth

should "melt with fen路cnt hea l" and become sun-li ke or a nebulous mass, t hen the number of e le ments proper to its state of development wo uld be f oundand no othe rs. This last is not hypothesis s imply, beca use l he process has bee n carefull y observd several t imes in the socald ne w or temporary s tars . In other wo rds, t he processes of creation are not yet exhausted or do rmant, but God is still busy in his workshop, the s tan:y universe, creat ing not on ly nebula, star , so la r system and pla netary world, but t he elements as well. The phys ical scie nces touch eve ry fase of the world 's act ivity, and their econom ic value to mankind is s imply incalcu la bl e. In t he rea lm of manufacturing they have alredy created and conservd untold m ill ions of dollars. Conser vation of waste e ne1路gy and materials determ ines success _or fa ilure in a n age of str en uous competition. The scie nt ic farmer is winni ng out in t he struggle fo r ex istence in agri culture because of his knowledge of t he needs of so il and crop, and th ~ pr inciples of conservation. In the preparation and preservation of foods, domestic science g ets its da ta from the fys ical sciences. In therapeutics or the art of heali ng, t he fysical scie nces divide t he honors with bio logy. These two b r anches of knowledge are not simply co-ord inate, but are inseperable. Many of t he socald life processes are undoubtedly chemical, and some chem ical processes seem to depend upon li fe activity. An illustration is t he process of f er men tation, whi ch heretofore has been considerd to be of two k inds : organ ic, caused by yeast or bacteria, and inor ganic, caused by some chemical reagent cald a di astase. B uetschli , a German investigator, in a n epoch- making experiment showd t ha t yeast and bacterial f erme ntati on depend upon some diastase prepared by cellul ar activity, a nd not upon t he cells themselvs. Anti septics and anesthetics have r evolu-



tionizcd ~~lrg"L'l"~· :1nd save d countless li ves. Prof. W. \V. lng-c . D. D. of Cambridge, England. has sumd up the activity and tl omina nc\.' llf ~ci e n ce in the world of thot a nd c n:l t•a\·or . in a recent artic le in the Homi k·Lic Re view, a s fol lows : "Of a ll branchL•s of h Jman activity, natura l seic nce is pe rhaps the only one which just now is in a Lhoroly he lthy condi ti on. Not only is iL mak ing progress year b.r year, bul it s s p iri t is honest, candid and di s inlu1·csted . ''

A Biological Problem. H . 13. Dunca ns m. Wh i le teach ing a c lass in physio logy, Lhe autho t· of this art ic le askt t he quest.ion, "Why s hould a man stand e rect?" Among the many r ep I ies came Lhese: "Ma n shou ld s tan I e re ct in orde r to fac.ilitate resp irati on . " "l\Ian s:wuld s tan~l e rect because it is a he lthf ul posi tion;" and so m e other answers eq ually good. The t·eal s ig nifi cance of an upright p:>sition has sca rce ly dawnd upon many of those who m es ure the matter in the terms of s tandard t exts in phys iology. Byrequest we have·undertaken toanswer the question indirec tl y and incompl Jtely; yet with a deg- r ee of lucidat ion s ufficient to suggest the e le ments of the problem wh ich chalenges the wisdom of the ages to find i ts pat·allel. In th(~ concept ion of ve rtebrate forms of life one may trace w ith une rring accuracy the line of march from the days in which the waters brot forth its life until man was g iven dominion over every living th ing. The amphioxus lives in the sands along the sh ore of the Mediterranean sea. In this little fish we r ecogni ze one of t he lowest of the verti brate animal s; its spinal cord ends insensibly in front and r ear, on intimati on of a brai n be ing present. By a careful a na ly.;is of verte brate t yp es of life one may


redily recogni ze a close relationship existing between the position of the spinal ax is and the degree of brain deve lopment. The position of the amphioxus is horizontal. and in tracing the five great phyla, fi shes, amphibians, reptiles, ·birds, and mammals, we r ecognize a n ascending series from a horizontal to a perpendicular position and a c:>rresponding series from the brainless amphioxus to the highest mammals, in \vhich the culmination of both position and hrain devel opment has reached its cl imax. It is not our purpo-.P. to enter upon an extended discussion in support of our premises; the phenomena is presented in an open book whi ch I ies before ever y student of nature. The s imple facts in the case are, that the hig hest degree of bra in development and intelligence req uire a n upright position and that any posture compromising this princ ipal must sooner or later experience a loss in mental powers. It does not matter whether i t is the bowd hed of the slave under the lash of the master or the cr ing ing attitude which accompanies debased thots and improper motivs; t .e penalty is paid in the dwarfing of fysical , mental and moral powers. The development of the s pecial senses characterizes the an i ma ts as they pass thru the quadrant of ninety degrees, or from th.J hori zontal to the uprig ht positi on. These special senses are the essentia l found ation f or t hat intellectual developmen which characterizes man, an upright animal capable of deal ing with problems of the past, present and future. It is hi s heritage to liv, mov and hav hi s being in the realm of higher intel lectual acti vit ies and, with his face to the fut ure, bask in the hopes and achievments of the race. Or, on the other hand, he may with bowel hed, drooping posture, condemnd conscience, turn hi s face backwards, re trace and re treat along the lines of ancestral development into a I ife of sensual indulgences.




It is the decrae of the architect of your being and it is the ultimatum of nature that man should stand on two feet with hed erect an:l lo:>k the w.:>rld S::juare ' n t'1e fa::e, pr.:>m)te:1 in h is a~tivi tie3 by p ·.rre motivs and clean t~inking.

l Cb~ Jltumni Alumni Life



Some of our most a~gres.:;iv alumni have suggested that the e.:;tabl ishment of a life membership roll w:mld be quite worth w:1ile for our as.:;ociation. I, myself, thoaght it might seem that this would threten t he future finances of the organization, but a second thought convinces me otherwise. The fee of five d ollars plact upon interest at six percent realizes for the association thirty cents e1ch year. If one would stop to think of t'1e experuie involvd in c:>llecting our annual fee, not only for postage, but the printins;, stationary and clerk hit·e as well, you will see that the thirty cents in terest is not far from the net return f rom the fifty cent dues. If ~e count in t~e expense involvd in sending out statements from which qo return in the way of d::te.:; is re::eivd, one can see that the · fi m l net re turn for the fifty cent dues may even fall below the interest up:m the life fee. Anot':ler argument that might be used arainst it is that the annual letter notifying the alumnus of his arrears would bep him in touch with the parent school. Would it not be much more effectiv if insted of having to send him one or two duns for his dues the association would send out to him each year a circular giving something of the work of the association and te lling of the growth and advancement of the school? A dun is not the highest type of connecting link between the alumnus and his Alma Mater. It is of interest to know what some of

our prominent a lumni th in k of th is matt er. Judge Cha rles B. L c Lt.'m said, " I beli ev the sugge;;tion of c1·ea t ing a life membersni p of the ass'> :::i ali on anrl fix ing the membership fee a t flvf' d ollm·s is a good one. I know t~at in m y own case , I wo:.tld rather p::ty five d 'l llar;; at once than to be cald up:m eve t·y yl.)ar." M iss Grace Culberts1n, assoc ia te pmfessor in the Peru Nonnal say.~, "I believ the life member.ship r oll will meet with the approval of a large numbe1· of ou1· alumn i. I ,myself, am very m·1c'1 in favor of i t . " S1p t. A. J .Sto:Idard, Pl'i!" id ent of our association, says, " I b~ li ev si n:::ere ly in th e life membership plan, and i f we decide to carry i t out shall becom e such a member at once as soon as th e opportunity is offerd to me, and I b?iiev we wilt find a great many others of the same mind." Supt. F. E. Morr ow of Central City says; "This m:>ve has my approvaL You may count upon my fee before the end of the school year.'' Dr. George E . Howard writes, · " I beli ev it may be wise to e.:;tabl ish a life member~hip fee in your Alumni Association, still is not five dollars t oo small'? Perhaps ten dollars would be wi ser. H owever I am not sure that the large fee would be practical.' · It would seem that if these older and more conservativ of our m embership favor such a mov, it certainly should re ceiv the support of the younger. alumn i. And with their support, leaving the institution as they are at the rate of about one hundred fifty per year , it ought, before long, to endow the association with sufficie nt funds to give its officer s an opportunity to turn their attention to the movments of a constructiv nature rather than using their time for collecting funds to insure mere existence.

The Omaha Pet~u Club is one of the most progressiv and up-to-date organ izations of its kind in our m etropoli tan city.

THE NORMALITE The vale ntine ~nci al and banque t held in honor o f President Hayes, was a dec ided S..!vcnty -fiv e members were success. present. T. \V. B lackburn of t he class of '78, was t oas tm aste r. Before introduc-· ing Pres ident ll a~·es, t he speaker of the evening, the f<~ l low in p: ga,·e shor t talks : Ber tha Sche ick . " 0!) , l\Tr::; Nell ie Cole Pollard, '01. Frances Ha ll and Attorney Famswor t h o f l he 70's. A short bus i!'lessn •eet ing was held, when it was dec ide d to h ~ l d f ou r m eet ings a year. The success of thi s orag ni za t ion is due to the loyal s.1p;.> r t of its m embership and espzcia lly to it:; presitl cn t, J. W. I\! iller, ' 01. anti se::rota ry, M iss Be r tha Sche ick. T. W. B l aci<b ~1 r n , '7 , is the leading cand id ate f o•· the nominat ion fv r congress on the r e p .1blican ticket. The Om~~a Pe r u Club is planing t o includ e t he Pe r 1vians in South Omaha and t he sun o·.m d ing t owns in its organizati on. If thi s is d one the membership will r each the two hundred mark.

Many of the early alumn i are purchasing cop ies of the "H ills of P eru. " Some of t hese persons have not seen the old schoo l for fifteen or t wen ty years. As ide from the alumni, members of the Neb raska State Hi s tor ica l Society are securing the book for h istorical p:1r poses. The southeastern corner of the state is not without i nte rest t o N ebraskans, if we may j udge from t he li s t of p urchasers, among t hem the chief attorney of t he Union Pacific r a i lr oad , the president of the N ebraska State H orticultural Association, a n d the general passenger agent of the .Hurlingtion. The Un iver s ity Alumni of Nemaha County wer e e nter tained in Auburn Saturday even ing, Febr uary 17, at the home of Bertha Johnson of the c lass of '95. Professor H . B. Duncanson, ' 86, presid ent of the association, was there, a lso Mi ss L ouise Mears, '95 , and Clifford


H endricks, '06 The next meeting will be held in Peru at P rofessor D uncanson's home . E leanor Rogers, '97. and mother will mov in a few days f rom Aurora, Nebraska, to Fayette, Idaho. Miss Rogers i, still loyal to her Alma Mater and has written for a copy of " T he Hills of Per u" . Este lle Graham, '95, and mother are plesantly located in Oklahoma City. Th_eir address is 600 East l Oth street, Oklahoma City. Principal D. H . Weber, '10, of Shubert, and his home talent company, gave a play in Nemaha recently entitled "Am)ng the breakers" . The play was greatly appreciated by the Nemaha people. Supt. Geo. E. Martin, '08, of the Nebraska City schools gave an interesting and instructiv talk a ~ our recent art exh ibit, on " Art in the Public Schoo ls." State Supt. James E. Delzell, '93, atte nded Patrons' day exer cises a t Dill..!r and add r est the meeting. W. D. Fulton, '12, who f inisbt at t:1e end of the first semester , is now a t be u niversity at Li ncoln. Darle Taylor, a nother midwinter graduate, has decided to stay in Peru and work for her degree. E . 0. Garrett, '95, of F remont, general agent for the American Book Company, is one of the best known and popular agen ts in Nebraska. The Iowa N ormal Mon thly for December, devoted two pages to saying good things about him. Miss Morgan's many alumni fri ends will be pleased t o hear that she is sti ll interested in the Normal and Peru. H er address is 278 Alexandria street, Rocheste r, New Yor k. Harry Johnson, '10, is doing good work as a meinber of the e nter taining



c >mmittee for the Peru Club in Lincoln. Augusta Freriehs, '05, has returnd t > Seattle where she has again resumed her school work. Ra ney M. Medley, '02, who is teaching at Ulysses, has had a painful and qn i te a severe accident. She first spraind he>r ankle, and later, while attempting to go up stairs on crutches, fell and broke her collar bone, as well as receiving numerous bruises. Mrs. Merle David3on Byers, '03, of Dorchester, Nebraska, recently spent a week in Peru with her s ister, Mi ss E lva E . Rulon. Carrie Hesseltine, '04, is taking this year off from teaching. At present she is in Peru with her mother and brot her. W. H. Patchin, ' 06, is enjoying his work in the Bellingham, Washington, state normal schoo l. Two years ago Mr. Pa tchin organized the normal hig h school there and at present is supervisor of algebra, history and physical geogr aphy. He also has charge of the glee club. The normal school is known all over the city for good order and system combined with high class work. Fifty percent of the work is done by practis teachers. Ethel Blake, '06, who completed her work at the University of Nebraska for the A. B. degree, February 1 , has been elected to teach mathematics in the Columbus high school this second semester. The many fr iends of Bert Swenson '09, wi ll be pleased to hear that he ha~ been elected hed of t he physical education department in the River Fall s, Wisconsin State Normal. The appointment was made upon the recommendati on of Pres. J. W. Crabtree. John Ray, '06 and Arnold Kuenn ing, '11, are two of the unfortunate Uni versity students that have been in the sanitarium with typhoid. Mr. Ray has gone to his home in Grand Island, but from

last reports :\Ir. Kucnning is still in t he San itarium. He expeels lo leav soon fo r hi s hc•me at Cook, Nebraska. Both Mr. Ray and ML Kucnnin g- have mi st so much that it will be almost i mpossible for them to complete t:1is yea •· ' ::; work at the un iversity . State Superintenden t Ja mes E. Delze ll , '93, was a we lcome v isitor in P eru, February 21. He g-ave the stude n ts a n inte resting add t·ess during- the chapel ·period T hursday morni ng. Super intendent Mabel Hadsf!l l, '09, wi ll hold the Boyd county teache rs' institute f r om August 19 t o 23 . Bertha De twiler, '12, has acce pted a position in the Lincoln schools. Bessie Stull, '02, was married in Los Angeles, Calif omia , Fe brua ry 10, to Mr. Fra nk E rnest Robi nson of that p lace. Mildred An de rso n , '09 , is a very s ue cessfu l kinde rgarten t eacher in the L incoln schoo ls. Ruth Browne ll , ' 11, who is teach ing in the Whittie r build ing, Li ncoln, acted as kinde rgar ten di r ector f or some t ime this winter, during the absence of t he real director. Alu mni S logan, " A every a lumnus . "

new student for

L. F. Garey, '10, super inte nde nt of t he Vall ey schools, is well p leasd w ith h is work a nd r epor ts indicate t hat his woi·k a nd commun ity are well pl easd with him. H e has s ixty-one people in hi s hig h school and a m ong his hig h school organizati ons are to be found a g lee club, a b oys' basket ball team a nd a g irls' basket ba ll t eam.

J. E. Morag n, 11', · superi nte ndent of Bloomington schools, has been r eelected at a sa lary of $ 1080. H e has t horoly reorgan izd t he schools at Bloomington, and has been instrumental in. securing a much more sat isfactor y equ ipment for




Il e has been especially the sch ool. working- upon lhe org-an izat ion and manage me n t o f llw chihh·en ' s p lay ground activiti es . ll i:-; hi g-h school is publ ishing an annua l. '. F. While. '0 7, superinte nde nt of Tren to n :,;cho:)l:-;. is president of the soJthwesl c rn N ~ braska T ea che r ' s Associaa t ion. He is one of Lh e fi r st to wri te c:m cer n i ng- Lhc ne w sLmle nt f or the nor nml he is g o ing- L) s.:md ne xt a u tumn.

Th e Nemah a Cot n ~y P e ru Club, the fir.:;t club to nrg·ani ze f0 r an e ntire cou nt y en tcrtaincl lhe vis it ing teacher s at th <" Pe ru m eet ing- Feb ruary 2-1, by taking them th r 1 th e laborator ies of the ind Jstt· ial d e p:tr tme nts of t he Norma l. The m e:nbcrsh i p of the club to date is Mae Relf, Opal Ball , P earl Shipley, Laura Dus tin , W . L. Evans , R. C. J ohnson, F lorence J ohes , Mamie Craig, Kathryn Shepar dson, Ethel Stoddard, Fl o And e rson , a n d Fri t~ Slagle, all of Auburn, B lanch e J e rau ld , Brock, Gra<'e Brunsd on a nd T. L. Lang of H owe; Burti s Kennedy a nd Ethel Ke nnedy of Brownvi li e; Paul S toe hr, Ste lla ; F loy Stoll s, N e maha; E sther Nichol, R. B. Sims a nd A lice Lin tz of Johnson; Sadie Glasgo w, Ruth Strong, Loui se Mears and B. Clifford H e ndri cks of P eru. Miss Ethel Ke nned y wou ld be pleasd to rece iv the names of all t h e a lumni or former Peru students who are inter ested in building up the club. Victor Trucken , ' 10, principal of the L ongf e ll ow schoo l, Falr bury, was operated on for append ic it is, January 16. Mari on C. Shell enberger, '!14, and wife, of Ely, Nevada, speut a day in P eru recently. They were on their r etu1·n from St. Joseph w he r e Mr. She lle nberger had gone as a delegate from Nevada to the Bri c k L ayer s' Associati on. Mr. S hel le nbe rger was delighted w ith the many changes f or impt·ovment that he

saw in t he Normal and urroundings. Thi s is his first trip to Peru since his g raduation, e ight een years ago. The ma ny fri ends of Thomas L. Fisher and l\lrs. Florence Fisher Dor t, '85, will be sorn· t o hear of the deth of their fat~er ; nd s ister 'vvhich occurd in Calif orn ia Mrs. A. Kenon died on Janua ry 7, a nd Mr. Fisher d ied a few days later . Mrs. Ke nton was buried in Nemaha City, wh ile Mr. Fishei· was buried in thei r family lot in the Peru cemetery. .:!-

L ast month there appeard in this magazine a~ a rticle on inter-school debating by Dr. H. C. H ouse. Thi s perhaps can:e as a surprise to many debating enthus iasts and others who had not thot of ~he particular manner of debating to which Dr. H ouse referd. The article came out in a strait forward mGlnner to all a nd could no t fai l t o reveal t o many t he l · f rom "danger li ne " It is a goo d t 1111 g t ime to time .to have such fac ts point' d out t o us in order that we may retr~ s • steps and start out on t 11e ng · ht road our . h 1s · a de·~ iraule anJ to attain that wh1c • proper educational trai~Vng. . 1 At the t ime of publication some ~~~t e in wn1ch doubt was fe lt as to the manner . h the ar t icle would be . r eceivd by . htg . enth ustasts. school people and d e ba t mg d in genera l · but that it was t imely an ' 1 tters refi t t ing has been evidenced by e h ceivd as to its worth. People over t ~ 0 st.ate have exprest t heir appreciation . t he truth a nd warn ing set forth, betng g lad to find some one WI'I I'mg to. expre5S · hi mself and g ive to the world Ideas, alr edy - known, but which few da re to breathe. Now, if debating coaches and others concernd will only take heed and adopt some method as suggested by Dr. House, there is no reason why really efficie nt, original and forceful debaters cannot be prod .teed by the high schools.



---"'-----~,..,----THE NORMA. LITE

The Lincoln Memor ial.

Peru , N e b r aska

There is to be placL in the cily of Linco ln in the eal'l.v sum me r of lhis yea r , a bronze memorial to Lhat he ro of our conti nent, Ab ra ham Lincoln. It is to be a por t ra i t statue, p lac t u pon the state house g rounds in an m·ch i tcctu ra l setti ng said by cri t ics to be unsu rpas t art is t ica lly by any s im i lar m'1n :.u ncnt i11 Ame r ica. The story of th e memor ia l is in te resting to Nebr askans. There used to s tand on t~1e ~ta te house g r ounds a n iron sta tue of L inco ln, sadly wetherworn. In compa r ison with similar monume nts t hi s scemd scarce ly fitting t he ci ty of Lincoln a nd t he gr eat state of Nebraska. I t was left to Mr. Waite, when he was depu ty sect·etary of state, in t he admi ni stration of Governor Sheldon, to star t _the movment which r esults t oday in a me mor ia l w hi ch honors the man whose namP. ou r ca pi tal city bears . Mr. Waite formd among the state house officia ls a Li ncoln Memoria l Associa ti on, and an old soldi e r h imself, began t a king subscript ions amo ng his con> rades over the s tate. As the plan began t o take f orm, a nd to assume f, t·eater proportions than at first seemd possibl e, i t b ecam e necessary to b roaden the field of work. P l'Ominent Nebraskans, and people interest ed in the a rt develonment of our state became a part of the m ovm en t, band ing themselves t ogether in a new association. F. M. Hall and his wife w ho have been closely associated with him in h is work, are Normal students of early days. Thi s committee decided that sculpture would be t he most e ndur ing f orm f or t he memorial. Mr. a nd Mrs . Hall v is ited the studios of America's leading sculpt ors, with the resu lt t hat Daniel Cluster F rench was ask t to u n dertake the work. Mr. F rench submitted a s mall model in plaster with blue prin ts sh owing t he

------------.,""--"~ A Monthly Magazine .Publish! in the


of Ed:1cation

Publisht by_ the State Normal School Subscription 75 cents per year. Single copy JO cents Adverthiog rates fur nish! on application Eu t erd uL LiJc I'osloffi cc a t Peru. 1\chraslw, a,; sccoud elass matte r

EDITORIAL STAFF G. S Ha nsen ' 12 ....................... Edito r in-chief Charlotte Cooley ' 12 . ....... ..... A s~oc i ate Editor J. W. Wear Jr. ' 14, :.............. B u s in c;~ :Vl a n <~ger

DEPARTMENT EDITORS Mary A. Tynon '98, .............................. Alumn Merle Swan ' 12, .................................... .. C lass :\llattha Greenlee '12 ................ ......... S ncirty Charle~ Livdy ' 13 ................. ..... .............. Club :v!ahel Swa nson ' 12 .. ······· ···:·· ....... .... Rdi_eic us (;rayct Teich ' ! '! .............................. ........ :VI usic E C. Heck '12 ......... ............. .............. Athletic H S haver '12 .................................. . . Ext·hRnge

BOARD OF MANAGERS C. F Reck .......................... , .................. Facultv I<Ry Lnndy ' 12 ....................................... Senior Frank Ellenberj!er ' 13 .. ............................ Junior Bt'ssie Arms~ror. g ............. , ...... ........... .... T ra iner Cassius Kennedy ' 14·.... .................... S0pho mo re Vern Chatelain ,15 .. ............ .............. rr~shm a n H. D. :\1artin ................... .............. P repara t ory Catherine Greenlee' 12 ........ ................. ~Everett E . C. Beck ' 12 .............................. Phi lomathean Wm. Roettger '13 .......... ........ ...... ... Y. M. C. A· ........................ Y: W. C. A..

Gertrude Sugh rue ' 13 ........................ N. C. C. A, S us' M. Smith .......................... Dra ma t ic C lub '1 liyazroac2T .... .. H .......... .. ............ Latin Clu b Ebba Wah ls trom ' 12 ...... ...... ........ Germ a n Club E. C. Beck ' 12......... r. ......... Athletic Association Chester Darrow ..................... .. ....... Ciceronian

Mamie f{. Mu Lz.




arcni tecl unt) Sl'Lling , in Janua ry Of )ast year . So g-t¡cal was t he enthus iasm of the commitlec fnr lh i:;, r is ing to its he igh t at a ha nquc l g i,¡e n in l\Ir . Fre nch 's honor , t ha t lhe m ode l was carri ed acr oss from the uni,¡er,.;ily libra r y whe re it ha d been cx hibi ted l o the banque t r oo m. W ith t.h c a r t is t c hosen and t he plan of work d eter m ined upon, the comm ittee turnd i ts a tten t ion to securing funds. F ive th ousa nd was sub scr ibed by t he c ity of Linco ln , a nd the ba la nce of a t otal of f orty t housand do llars co vere d by p riva te s ubscr ipt ion or a ssume d by. t he a ssocia t ion . T he fi gu re in br onze is now completed and wa s e x hi b ited last month in the scu lptor 's B r ookl yn s tudio. Those wh o h ave se en it speak in hig h prai se of its a r t is tic me r it a nd congratula te L inco ln a nd N ebraska upon securing t he la tes t work of t his g reat sc ul ptor. Whe n in p la ce th e s tat ue w ill stand at t he cente r back of a b oa r d t er race about t hir ty by seventy f eet, jus t wes t of t h e Two state house a nd facing t he st reet . mag n ifi cent bronze la mps mark the s tr ee t corner s or t h e t errace f or mi ng a par t of the a rchi t ectura l sche me. Supporti ng the fi g ur e at t h e ba ck is a g reat ma rble s lab upon which is inscr ibed the Ge ttysbur g address. Mr. French is said t o have t aken t his It a ddress a s t he keyno te of h is fig ure . portra ys the g reat Li nco ln stand ing, garb ed in t h e long frock coat of t he perj od. T he hed is bared and bowd un t i l t h e chin a lmos t t ouches t he chest. The ha nds a r e c las pt at full leng t h in f ron t . The w hole attitude is one of profo u nd thoug h t . In a study of the mode l It is t he eye travels a g ain to t he f a ce. the f a ce of t he Lincoln we know and lov, ki nd ly , str ong, seamd with ca re, and sad e nd by t he sorrows of his t ime. Ye t w ith a ll t hi s it inspir es a f eeling of confidence , t ha t no matter wha t t he lab or or t h e cost, a ll w i II b e we ll in t he end .

I n L incoln Pa rk, Chi cago, there standst ha t matchless statue of Lincoln by St. Ga udens. It portrays Li ncoln as the v ict or , bearing h is laure ls in great humility and yet witha l t he L incoln who has over come. Th is L incoin is t he one near to t he g ri efs and sor r ows of his people, Li ncoln the bur den bear er . Mr. Fre nch has g iven us in this her oic fig ure in br onze the essent ial personal s ide of the ma n. Having once lookt upon it, v isitors w ill go away f eeli ng that they have stood in the presence of tha t g reat sp irit . They will f eel a lso s incere admiration for the man who has the inte llectual p ower and the s k ill of ha nd t o pr od uce such a wor k of ar t . Jl.

The May Festival. T[le old saw, " Don't put all vour eggs in one basket" , has of la te been r evisd to r ea d, "Put a ll your eggs in one baske t- a nd watch that basket. ' ' We have indeed put a n amazing number of eggs in to our May Fest iva l basket. Two pr ogra ms, af t ernoon a nd even ing , ar e to be presented at a lit t le more than the cost of a h ig h pr iced w inter lecture course. And it is believd t ha t the art istic value of these t wo concer ts will f ar outwe ig h that of any a ver age enterta inment ~eri es. Better one s uperlat ivly great mus icia n, wi th h is noble idea ls, fi n isht artis tr y and burn ing inspiration, t han a host of mediocr e or merely " good" enter ta iners, t o whom we g ive ear, placidly or protesting ly, a nd whom we for ge t before the week is out. But the May Fes tival prorgam is f a r more and f ar other than mer e h ir ed It a musement, of however hig h order. is the culminat ion of the year 's effor ts in E ver y dr il l the field of vocal music. class in rud iments that has been conducted ; ever y private voice lesson gi ven ;




every chorus or glee club rehearsal, her ein finds public expression of its value and success. The Festival registers the social and artistic ideals of our student community as no other agency can do. When all t he cities and vil lages of southeast ern Nebraska get t o send ing groups of hearers, as they mus t ultimately do, and have alredy done in a mesure, they will her e find a true expres~ ion of Peru cult ure and efficiency.

Mr. Baltz is the most popular tenor of Kansas City. He has sung the te nor parts In the H y mn of Praise in a nu mbe r of cities throughout t he mid-west. Our great star attraction fo r this year, and the one who wi II make P e r u the most e nvi ed community in Ne braska for one day, is Mr. Davi d Bi spha m, of N ew York, heralded everywhere as Ame r ica's " Greatest Baritone . " If, as some claim, an artist's merit can be mesu red by the

Mr. Dav id B ispham. On the evening of May 23, the day before commencement, the choral society, assisted by Madame Louise Ormsby, soprano, and Mr. P.C. Baltz, t enor, will sing Mendelssohn's great sacred work, the Hymn of Prai se. Madame Ormsby was f ormerly soloist with t he Minneapoli s Symphony Orchestra, and of the Thomas Orchestra, of Chicago. She has appeard as soloist with the May Festival societies of t he greatest cities of the country.

price he can command, it wi ll be illumi nating t o know, in t his connection, that Mr. Bispham's serv ises cost us more than did all the super b talent employd for last year's-F est ival. Great b oth as s inger and actor, a genius of rarest order in the art of inte rpretation, David Bispham holds an enviable pos iti on in t h e world of music. His operatic t r i umphs t hru several years at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, London, and at t he Metropol itan




Opera. 1 C \\' York, ha,·e ne,·e r been eq uald by an _,. olh cr American bar itone. In the fi e ld of oratorio. conce t·t and ong recital he is ici,Ji izecl by mus ic lo,·e rs on both s ides of lh e ALianlic. Hi s adm ir, ers are lcp:inn. Yet. hi:; is 11ot the art that dazz le,.; I ike the !:3npnt no Co lor atura of a Pa l ti; hut gT c ate r than that. i t is the art wh ich thrills, e le ,·ate..:, insp ires, because of its drama tic fo r ce and s incerity, bredlh anrl nob i lity of style, a nd a mag ical ,·ital quali t y w hi ch makes hi s rendi t ions li\· in t h e m e mo ry , t resurd, nen.:r to be fo r gotten. ML Bi s pham wi II appea r both afte rnoon a nd evening, g iving, w it h h is p ianist, the e ntire afte rnoon a rti st's recital a nd s ing ing s pecia l number s at ni g ht. ' Admi ssion to e ithe r of th e concer ts will be seventy-five cents ; season tickets (two con cer ts) , one d o lla r. A special tra in wi ll leav P eru at 10:30 p. m., f or Falls Ci ty. A s pec ial for Nebraska City will be a nan ged fo r , late r . Alumni, form er students, and fri ends of the sch oo l liv ing at a d is tance from Pe rLt who inte nd to be present f or t he Fes ti val, w ill confer a fa vo r by notifying Professor H om e r C. H ouse, who wi ll re serv s eats for t h e m.

Prof. Howie :- What is · the matter, L ively? Live ly :- M iss Varner wanted me to s it by her a nd I d idn ' t want to. Prof. Howie :- L eap year doesn't a lways h elp the girls, does it, Miss Varner ,;J.

At the G aller y.

House :- Tyson is the biggest f ellow of the bunch , but h e isn't h ere. Mewhirte r :- He's b ig, but I can lick h im. Humphreys :- P erhaps, but you wouldn't be fit to have your pi cture taken after you were thru.


II so~i~ti~S and


Philom athean ..

On t he e ve ning of February 9, the newly elected officers wer e instald. Mr. Clements introduced t):te new president , Mr. H ansen, who responded very e~ect­ i,·ly. Each of the other officers was cald u pon for a speech; thru them all the uppe rmost thot was the willingness to work for Ph ilo. Then followd: Piano solo, Miss Schott; Current Events, Mr. Wear; Tra its of Character of Lincoln, Mr·. H ale; Cabin scene· Messrs. Liveland, Wi ckla nd , Beck, Ralston, H anson, Abrams, Tyson, and B. Jones. The program committee appointed for t h is semester is ha rd at work, and judging from the enterta inment of February 16, it is ev ident t hat it intends that the interest of Philomatheans shall keep on g r owing. P r ogram, F ebruary 16 :-Piano duet, F lor ence Wrig ht and Delia Leatherbury ; Recitation, Walter Christenson,; Vocal solo, Mr. Abrams; Read ing, Social customs and origin of St. Valentine's Day, Albin Johnson ; vocal solo, Helen Hol ma n ; p lay, "A Mystery," Bertha Ree~, Darle Tay lor Sanford Clements, Albi n Christenson · ' Maude Berry. Th is little · comedy was ' very charmmg, an d m erits speci al comment. An atmosfere ~f myst ery held the attention of the audi ence thruout the performance. The p lay was characteristic of St. Valentine's Day . With t he assistance of ''Rose'' • the yo ung ladies succeeded in keeping t heir admirers in deep suspense ; however, we are pleasd to record, it ended hapily. Program, February 23 .- This pro gram, foll owing t he anniversary of Washington's birthday, was of a patr iotic nature. Each number showd care-

' 120


f ul preparation and was _very pleasing fo the listeners. On . enter ing the hall, ach person was given a ittlle souvenir hatchet, with the inscr iption, "Philo, February 22.'' piano solo, Gertrude Smith; curent events, Mr. Youngman, Mr. Neilson, Mis5 Cross; reading, Ethel Hale ; patriotic drill, Dorothy Morgan, J osephine Holma n, Mamie Byerly, Ella Zinn, Nevada Lewis, Harri et Glasgow; brass quartet, "Stars and Stripes," Blaine Reed, Verne Hadley, Harold Chatelain, Arthur Longfellow; pantomime drill, Delia Leatherbury, Mary Peck, Gertrude Inks; Song by George and Martha, Otis Gregg and Margare t Fisher. .)1.

Everett 1 iterary ~ociety.

"No profit grows where is no plesure taken. In bri ef, sir, study what you most affect." Come out fellow Everetts, and enjoy' a ple~nt even ing of entertainment each Friday night. Our open session play was well given February 10, to a crowded house¡ in spite of the twenty five cents which, was charged and contrary to the expectations of many. Friday evening, February 16, an excellent program was renderd; among t he numbers was an interesting talk by Miss Goshen, on ''My School Days," also a reading by Dr. House in his interesting manner. February 23, t he program consisted of dramatized songs and several instrumental solos: Miss Curran, Miss Thor pe and Mr. E. Overton gave " Hans, Gretel and I." Eight of our g ir ls sang " The Maidens of Japan," an old maid song, "A Bird in te aa'dn' hh" was sung and dramatized by Bernita Peterson, Violet St. J ohn and and Maude Miller. Messrs. Moyer, DeBolt and Bailey represented Indian bravs, and Miss Gale Darl ing

represented the Indian ma id in "Re:l Wing;" M iss F letcher a nu Mr . Kre bs gave "School Days"; Mi ss Snowden sang an "Indian Lullabye" for us; Miss Blankenshi p's solo, "The Rosary," deservs honorable ment ion, as do the instrumental so los by Hazel Frye a nd Corinne Whitfield. Our society will be we ll represented in t he Peruvian this year, as over one hundred members have r eported at t he gallery to have pictures taken . Here are some clippings from t he Everett Gazette: Somebody says, Mr. Dorsey likes rice. How about i t J ames? Popular expression- The long a nd t he short of it. P et¡son i ficd, M oyer and Prell. Mr. Ralston: I'll put my a rms around you. Miss Frohner: I'll be hel'd if you d :>. Miss Brannaman at the fotograf gal lery-- " All t he othe rs are stand ing close together; Mr . Bailey ought to stand closer t o me ." (Mr. Bai ley timidly movs nearer.) Mr. Moyer f ears t hat because of his popularity, the camera wi 11 be b r oken if he has h is likeness shot very many more times. We suppose everybody enjoyd themselvs at the Gayety (Everett booth at the carnival) . Those Chorus gir lsweren' t they great? .;J.

F ysical Science Club.

On F ebrua ry 12, '12, t he Fysical Science Club had the plesure of li stening to t.wo interesting talks by two of our more advanced science students, Miss Anna Hazen and Mr. R. W. Rose. They gave a general hi story of the world's first known and most noted fysicists, namely: Archimedes, Bayles and Newton. On February 27, Professor H oyt ad-


THE N ORMALITE drest t he clu b . H e g-a \·e one o f t \:e m ost interesting La lks n[ Lhe year. H is t opic was, ' 'Caves o f K en lucky and I nd iana." The pro fes~or has pa id se\·e ra l \·is its to caves a nd showd h imself t hor oly fam ilia r with t he s ubj ce l. He had nume rous specime ns of ca ve f01· m ation, such as s talagmi t es. s La la cLi t l'S . l!~· ps um f ormat ions, a3 we ll a · n u merous lan tern slides showing d iO:e r e n L v iews of Ma mm ot h, Wyandotte a nd ·c o lossa l caveg.

Dramatic Club. T he drama ti ic club held a short recept ion on t he a fternoon of F ebruary 20, at whi ch Mr s . N e ttle ton was presented wit h all of the kitchen u tens ils she could possibly need in he r new home at Mesa, Arizona. A ll of Mrs . N et t leton's friends hope· t ha t the much needed r est a nd t he change of cl i mate wi 11 p rov ve ry benefi cial to he r . · The reg u lar m eet ing of the d r amatic club was p ostponed f r om February 27 to March 5. At th e m eet ing of March 5, wer e give n two .scenes f rom Shakespears' " As You Li ke It." T he same eveni ng the m ode rn p lay, "The Myst er y, " was prese n t ed. The Clu b is pleasd to welcome M iss F e rg uson into its mids t. Jl.

Cicer onian.

The Cicer on ians wer e the g uests at a leap year party given by t he A thenian Debating socie ty in P hi lo ha ll, Thursday even ing , F eb r uary 29 . · Most of t he guests had g atherd by 8 o'clock. Ma ny a mus ing and e nterta in ing games were playd . H arts a nd m i ttens wer e past to each of the g e ntle me n to be g iven as answe rs t o proposals from t hose of t he fa irer sex. M iss Hoehne succeeded in winni ng t h e g r eates t n umber of harts, t eceiving a box of candi es f or her sue-

cess. T he g ames were followd by dainty r efresh me nts. The g uests were then entertaind by a vocal solo by Miss Lelia Courtwrig ht and an inst r umental solo by M iss Rena Keith . Mter t he enter tainment Mr. Albin J ohnson, president of the Ciceronians, e:-.:prest the appreciati on of the society. Mter t he lights had winkt the g uests made their depar tu re, hav ing enjoyd a plesant evening. T he Ciceronians t ook one page in the annual, and have had t heir pictures taken, ni net een members being included in the group. Our meet ings of late have not been well attended, because of conflicts in dates w ith other organizations. We ar e p laning some excellent topics for debate for our f u ture meetings. All men are invited, whe ther members of the society ~r not. ~

German Club

The following pr orgam was renderd on February 91: Song, Society ; Life of Goethe, Helen Greiss; Talk on Faust, Prof . Whitenack· Gretchen's Lied a us Faust , Bessie Fa~g; Erlkonig, Claudia Gr eiss ; Poem, Heiden Roslein, Josephine H olman ; Song, society ; Life of Schiller, Mr . K iltzer ; Lied, Des Fescherknoben, M iss Nogel ; Poem, Ebba Wahlstrom; Life of Henie, Mae Schi vely ; Poem, Eva O'Bennon ; Die Loredi, Miss Sublette ; On March 4, the followSong, Club. ing was t he program : Song, Club; Poem, Dora Fuchs; Story, Hazel Johnson ; Story Nor a Castor ; P oem, Al ice Lawrence ; P lay; Minute speeches by members of t he society. ~

Latin Club, Monday, F ebruary 5, t he Latin Club elected the following officers f qr the second semester : President , Ceceli a Hoehrne ; secr etar y and tresur er, Rena Keit h ,



chairman social comimttee, Ethel J ohnston. At our meeting on February 19, Latin proverbs were made the leading feature. We were each given a list of " pi ed" quotations, as, "Disinst cite itiam," and "Labom vincia orit. " Altho our mental ability was stedily taxt in the attempt to tw ist the syllables i nto translatable Latin, we enj oyd t he task very much. Miss Cross claims that t he bar ber cut Midas's ha ir with a sword . Ask her f or deta ild particulars. Athenian . At a special busi ness meeting of the Athenians the following officers were elected: . Cecel ia, Hoehne, president; Dalna Brown, vice presiden t; Ja t ty H endricks, secretary; Laura Krause, tresurer; Rena Keith, Normalite r eporter. A j oi nt meeting of the Athenia~ and Ciceronian societies was held February 17. The q uestion for debate was, Resolvd; That a r epublican form of government would be detri mental to China at the present t i me. The affirmati v were Miss Gilbert and Mr. Hu mphrey . The negativ, Miss Krause and Mr. Burelle. The large number of Athen ians present evidenct the fact that the g ir ls' inter est in the debating has not decreast and we hope to keep up the enth usiasm thruout the year.

The following program was g iven February 24: Resolvd, that the Negro should be disfranchisd. Affirmativ, Miss Duerr. Negativ, Miss Dillon. .;J.

E!lis :-Grimes, you had a g irl at Stella. Grimes:-Yes but don't! et May know. There was once in the army a Col. , Who kept a large book cald a jo l., To be red when he ' d die, And bad gone up on high(Or else to the regio11s info !. ) - Ex

I Witb tb~ Class~s II Senior Class. The a n nual check ing up process has been gone thru w i th . All Lhose w ho e xpect to r ecei v rli ploma!; a t t he r egu la r commenceme nt, May 2-l, have endu r ed thi s par t of t he red tape of schoo l with Mr. Overholt in or der !.hat the board of ed ucation may ,·, pass sen tence t he reon . " This year's class certain ly deservs much cr edit for t he manne r in which the Peruvian is be i ng managed. E,·er yth i ng is progressing nicely, nearly all t he pictures have been taken and t he advertising and g eneral ed itori a l w01·k is deve loping in fine sty le. And to think that all this is go ing on whil e all ai·e vvonder i ng "what the Peruvian is do ing so q~:~iet ­ ly ." Thi s is t he season in w hi ch the seni or s are begin i ng to thi nk about positions for next yea r. Th o Nebraska w ill need every sen ior in its corps of teache r s next year , no one is worrying as yet about th~:: future. We a r e confident that Per u' s reputation and stude nts are sufficient to warrant a n excellent place fo r each one . The t heses, under t he direction of various fac ulty me mbe r s, a r e b egin ing to be handed in, tho but few have thus fa r been submitted. Each sen ior should rem ember that hi s d i ploma cannot be is s ued unless his thesis has been past on . The senior class officer s have so o r ganized t he r oll call that no t ime whatever is taken from the chapel peri od to per-. form thi s duty. Qui e tl y, while business is in progress, the name of each m ember present is being take n . The class was in no small degree i nconvenienct by t he r esignation of Mrs. Nettleton, s ince she coach t he senior class p lay. H owever the committee




on play management was fortunate in securing Lhc scn· ises of l\Ii ss R uby Ferg:Ison t o lake up the work. The delay wi ll make Lhc cast Wl>rk \·ery hard to prepa re Lh c annual d rama. Miss A.~·rHt l\Iag-n usson \\·as cald home several weeks ago on account of her m'> t!ler· s i llnc~s. We arP. glad to hear that he r mothe r is 110\V impr ov ing, and that M iss iV1 ag· nusson w ill probably be with us again Lhe last quarte r. Mi s" Goldie Applegate completed he r work at lhc end of th e fit·s t semester a nd is now teaching at Fal ls City . S tella ht ir child is teaching at Fairb ·u ·y, wh ere she is havi ng very good success. Mari e Cross subst ituted at t he s~me pl ace fo r a s hot·t ti me at the beg inning of the sem ester. Haze l Wat·d has accepted a pos it ion at Chester . She expects to complete her wor k he r e dur ing Lhe s ummer school. Misses Ke nn edy a nd Nati on have comple ted the wo r k requ ired for grad uation. M iss Ke nnedy r e turnd to he r home in Alliance, while M iss Nation went to Des Mo ines to vi si t a s hort time before r eturning t o the same p lace.

Junior Notes

The junior cl ass has past the fo ll owing resolut ions : Wher eas i t has pl eased our H evenly F ather to remove to his home in Heven the g randfathe r of our est eemd classmate, P a nsy Cole, be it ther efore Resolvd, by the members of t he junior class of the P eru Normal, in special mee t ing assembled , that we extend to our fri e nd in th is ho ur of affiicti on our s incere a nd hartfelt sympathy, and be it furt he r Reso lvd, t hat a copy of these r esol ut ions be p r inted in t he Normalite and

t he P eru P ointer , and also be presented to Miss Cole. Signd by the Committee, Ani ta Smithers, L. A. Wickland, W. M. Albin, Bernita Peterson, Ernes t Gi lbert. Sop homore.

On March 1, t he sophomores made a scor e of 3l to 9 in their game against t he freshmen. The minstrel show presented by the sophomores at the carni val during the afternoon and evening of March 2 provd a decided s uccess. These dusky members of the class brot in a collection of $23 .66. Bert Dressler enjoyd a visit from his fathe r on February 8. Fred M. Yers r esum:l hi sschool duti es, F ebruary 22, after an illness of several days. E lli s Frye made a visit to his home on F ebruary 17. Cassius Kennedy r eturnd t o school, on Febr uary 28, hav ing been snowbound at hi :; home for a number of days. Al b in Johnson enjoyd a visit f rom a fo rmer college friend, Merle Eggert, on February 29. Susie Sm ith of the senior class f avord us with an excellent r eading during the separate chapel exercises on February 14 · The sophomores are indeed proud t o me ntion that as a r esult of the preli minari es, John Wear and Cassius Kennedy hold places on the debating t eams. One of our number receivd honorabl e menti on, while several others were of cred it to th ~ class. Ro la nd Wickham is the proud possessor of one of the sweaters presented by t he Athletic Association for the faithfu l




ser vis renderd on t he g r id iron. J ohn Wear r eceivd a Peru pillow for being t he best .root er at the Norma l. The sophomore boys gaind a decis iv victory over the hig h school basket ba ll t eam on February 16. The score was 29 Brother ins t to 6 in our favor. brother- Marsha l J ones f ought agains t V. Jones, and Carl Overton against E. Overton. I n a fast game be tween the sophomore and freshmen g_irls, on February 17, t he score was 23 to 5 in fa vor of the energ et ic gr een a nd white socks. H owever, the score of 14 to 9 on Febr uary favord t he junior girls.




N C C. A. On account of the illness of Father Vogelman and the fair that was to be g iven in Nebraska City, Father Dowd wa5 obl iged for a ti me to g ive up his mission at Peru. The fair given by the members of t he St. Mary's parish was the greatest socia l and financial success that has ever been in g iven in Nebraska City. The success was due to their leader, Rev. Father Dowd. Father Bessinger w.ill in the fut ur e have charge of St. Mary's parish Father Dowd has ret urnd t o h is missions at Peru, Dunbar and Syracuse. Mass was celebrated at Mrs. · Jack's residence Mar~h 3 by Rev. Father Dowd. The sermon renderd was appreciated by a ll who heard it. .:J.

Y. W. C. A. The annual election of officers in the Young Womens' Christian Associati on, March 1, resulted in t he following corps being chosen to serv unt il March 1, '13:


President, Ar ta Drapc•r; \·icc presid.:m t Ethe l J ohns ton; t rcsurcr, Ruby Simpson ; secre tat·y , E lhe l H a le ; cor responding secretary , Elma Z in n: chai r ma n re li g ious meetings , N e lli e Simpson ; mission chai r man, Ve rna Dillon; noonday prayermeeli ng chairman , 8lle n Bolejack ; socia l, Doroth a Fuchs; room chai r man, Clarinda Gri ess . The a dd it ion t( the advisory committee of Mi ss ibb ie Branson a nd Miss Myr t le l•'crguson was a lso consummated at thi s Lim e . A three cour se one o'clock luncheon ser vd under the exper t a nd s k ild ma nageemnt of the domesti c sc ience department, was g iven ~a rch 9 as installation luncheon fo r these newly e lected offi cers. A un ique and intet·est ing group of after di nner s peeches in w hi ch t he ite ms o.f f ood cons tituti ng t he menu, were adopted for s ubjects was carri ed out. The N orma l school or ches tra added further plesu re to the occas ion by furnishing music t hruout t he ser ving of the menu. Mrs. R. H . H ouse ve r y efficien t ly a nd g raciously presided and in troduced the speake rs who each in turn de lig h ted the audience with w it, facts, and fun, each bringing to her hearers a message of strength and good cheer. The atmo· :-fere of the occasion was he lpful and educational in the hi g hest sense. Any g irl who can avail herse lf of s uch an opportunity may we ll consider he rself for tunate. The precedent set by last year's cabinet in making the instal lation of the new officers an epoch in the association year, is h ighly commendable.

Teache r :- Me ntion the name of some well known Greek. Pupi l :- George. Teacher :- George wh o ? Pupil: - ! don't know the rest of h is name. H e comes to our }:louse every morning carry ing oranges a nd bananas.




Jlthl ~ti~s


A fin e ne w haLing cage has been in staid. The boys have a daily practis sche rlulc and arc making u e of it. The cage sh ould h l'lp lhe halti ng- mater ia lly. The base ball sc:1ecl nle has been draf ted anJ som e gnnd g·ames have been secure d. Ames wi II clnubtlcss be her e at com mencement. A m a j ority of last year 's team will h e n~1t., besides some except ional ly go,,d material.

In lhc fas les l and cleanest game playd this year on nu r fl oor , The lonna! de f elted M idl an I Coll ege of Atchison , Ka nsas, by a s..:or e of 32 t o :r7. Both t ~ a n , w ere exc.Jilent in defensiv pia:-·, and both teams playd we ll. The first ha lf was exceedingly c lose, three points baing the g r •al ..·s t d iffer ence in scor e. Just b ef o re th e wh istle bl ew Green t ost a goal and the score r a nnouncd Peru 13, Mid land 12 . P e ru playd stellar ball in t he fina l period, whi le Midl a nd . b ecame sJmewhat di so rganized . Pe ru's team work began to sh ow . Midland's guarding kept the sco re low, f or Peru seemd ever coverd . The c la ss basket ball has b een inter esting so f ar, and much enthus iasm is manifest e d . The juni ors and sophomores each have two good teams. T he high school g ir ls ar.:J putting up a good g ame. .;J.

The T rip. The Normali tes took a t r ip of f our days b egin ing F ebruary 20, p lay ing a gam e of bask e t ball every n ight. T hey encounterd t he York Co llege lads firs t, and were the r e de f eate d in a roug h and tumble game by a score of 21 to 11. Thi s partial ly atones for t he overwhelming d efeat York receivd at P eru. The Aurora lads next m e t the boys and after forty minu tes of exceedingly

hard play the .sco,·er announct Peru 24, Aurora 2-L The tie was playd off, and Cle me nts threw a goal wi nning t he game. On the evening of Washington's Bi rthday, the Ong Athletic Club playd the boys in the cleanest and fastest game of the seri es. T he boys say they were treated· fine. Pe ru won the game 31 t o 26. As a final they met Gelwick's Geneva Bravs. The game was fast and interesting. Gelwick has a bevy team which knows the game. J ust before t he whi stle ble w Schott shot the ball to Renf ro, who tost it thru the basket, winning the game 22 to 21. Three of these Geneva stars may be expected a t Peru next year.

., South Omah a Wins. The Peru Normal g irls playd South Omaha high school at Omaha, Friday, February 23. The gi rls were treated as guest s of honor ; not as r ivals for basket ball honors. The game was playd at f our o'clock. The s ize of t he floor, coupled with no "out of bounds" pr:>vd too much f or the g irls. Then they could not so lv those ;.teel hoop baskets. South Omaha was sure of victory. T he Peru girls felt confident of at least making t hem earn their victory. The first ha lf ended 8 to 8. Both teams playd to w in in the second per iod. The team work and dodg ing of t he Peruvians brot ~ommen t from the spectators. Sou th Omaha, however , had the margin on t he margin on the scor ing, and won 18 to 15, j ust as Peru tost an uncounted goal. Defeat, by a ny margin, from a courteous opponent is not so very b itter, and can be made a source of energy and effort f or f u ture games. .JI.

Peru 60, York 22. l n a game between Peru and York, Peru won her second college game de-




f eati ng the U. B. Colleg e lads by a score of 60 to 21. The game was rather ruff, t ho one team was no worse than the other. Schott playd a good floor game, being after the bal l all the time. Renfro and Cl ements did the fancy goal shooting . Sims and Shaver playd their usual hedy defensiv game. DeBood playd a fine game for the v isitors, throwing some nice goals and playing a good center.

A carnival was held in the gymnas ium, Saturday, March 2, for the benefit of athletics. The various classes and organizations fur nisht the entertainments. Altho the snow continued to fall a good crowd . was present. Nearly $200 were taken in but probably only half of this is clear. The Gayety and the Orpheum furnisht theatrical am usement for the picknickers, and each was well worth the pr ice of admission. The Jungletown Minstrel Company put on a good entertainment to full houses. The post card motion picture show furnisht fun for many. The Wild West entertainment pictured the real west. Ramsey' s African Dip provd a good s:mrce of amusement as did the Y. M. C. A.'s "Hit the Coon" . The striking machine and the roulette were well patronized. The Wonderland shooting gallery provd a success. Fortune tellers were in abundance. Supper was servd to the crowd . A huge candy booth occupied the middle of the g rounds. The Dutch booth of the trainers, the ice cream stand and the pop corn venders kept the jolly picnickers refresht. A police court was on the grounds and all was kept in order by a police force. Couples were married and d ivorst. This will probably be an annua l event. It should mean much for athletics, besides being a great day for fun.

I [ocal ana


Mt. Vernon Day wa~ ce lebra ted on t he evening of Februa ry 22 . T his annua l functi on was most elaborately pland and conducted. Of cou t·~c the boys took ad vantage of th is oppot· tunity to vi s it "Our Home," inasmuch as few seldom ava il the mselves of t he be" uti es of t he 'gorgeous par lors of M ~ . Ver non Hall. The a r t exhi bit was he lt.l Februa ry 2022 in T 301 unde r t he manageme nt of the The addresses we r e Ladi es Art Club. inspir ing and instruc t iv; b ut t he pictu res, reprod uclions of the world's best art, we re grand to see and study. The Normal came near no t having a About chapel building , February 23. 7 :30 in the morn ing the cha pe l was discoverd fi ld with smoke , t he source of which was in the northeas t corner of t he building, between the cha pe l floor and the ceiling of th e gymnasium. After the fire was exting uisht , investig ation disclosed that the cause of t he fi re was a short circui t .ca used by two lig ht wires having been broug ht in to con tact t hru jarring duri ng basket ba ll games. No great amount of damag e done. Miss Ruby F e rg uson of Boston has been secured to take up the work of Mrs . Nettleton who was forct to resig n because of ill helth. Mrs. Nettleton g oes to Arizona to liv, and we under stand w ill take up a homested t here. Miss Ferguson, s is ter to our ins tr uctor in domestic science, was in Peru for a time last spring, and t hus will be known by mnay former Peruvians. Pres ident Hayes and Dean Rouse att ended the meeting of superintendents at St. Lou is the last week of F ebruary · Governor Aldrich was entertaind at t he Normal, March 13, and adr~st the students at chapel Thursday mornmg .

We Solicit the Accounts oi Normal Students Depoait your money with Uli for the ~;choo l year and pay your bil111 by checks. You thus have a place of 1afety tor your money and you gain a valuable business experience in caring for your a ccount.





HEN IN need of a Watch, Jewelery, Fountain Pen, School Fob, Seal and Class Pins, Spectacles, Candies and School Supplies-! ALWAYS GO TO THEN. S. N. S. JEWELRY STORE. Why do I patronize the N.S.N.S. Store? Because I can buy and have my work done better and cheaper then anywhere else, and always find the price to be fair and just to everybody. "Because I have my Fountain Pen, Watch, Jewelry and Spectacle work done by J . C. Chatelain, he is the on~y man that can do it to please me and my pocket book.'' "Because he is always here and always replaces everything he says he will without extra cost to me. "And because he does not charge me for every little job as other Jewelers do. "And so I recommend the N. S. N. Jewelry Store to every student.

G ~




Appreciates anrl solicits the trade of Normal Students.

Wm. Tynon, President C. R . Welden, Viee President

J.?. W . Kel{v, Cashier

BANK Deposit your money here and check it out as you need it.





, 1912

SPR I NG S HOWING All the New-up-to-date Spring Clothes are now her e f or your approval.



Men's H ats MEN'S AND LADIES' SHOES AND OXFORDS All the new things in our Dry Goods Department The Best from the best Manufactures

F. W. Cleveland & Son PERU, NEBRASKA

STUDENTS.•• Make our store your headquarters.

Come in an rest and ask

all t he questions you wish.


normalit~ VOL U M E V I.





cf music

Charlotte Cooley, ' 12. Mus ic was c:m s ider d very impor tant by t he Gr eBks a nd was included in the li be ra l ar t s of t he Ge r mans. D uri ng t he e ig hteenth century a snobb ish attitude was a dopted t owa rd it by some o~ t he educator s . A f e w of t he school men, a nd st i II m or e of t he pat r ons ye t r etai n t his a t t itude . T hey cons ider mus ic a t best only a n im practicab le e mbell ishmen t wo r t hy to adorn only a societ y g ir l b ut never a m a n of pos it ion. H owever t he g r eate r numbe r of educator s t oday ha ve com e to r ea li ze t hat mus ic is a ver y im por tant factor in developing the intell ectual, t he socia l and t he moral man . I n t he beg ining a ll educa ti on was vocational w ith necessity as t he teacher. I n our fi rst schools only subjects that wer e imme d iately useful were s tud ied. Writing wa s g ive n a p lace in order t hat t he thots a nd deeds of men m ig ht be recorded ; reading in orde r t hat these m ig h t b e r e newd . T o t hese were added a s comm er ce g r ew, t hose s ubj ects which wo uld make ma n usef ul t o t he indust rial world . Some can re membe r when, in t he d eve lopmen t for our own school system, t he " t hr ee R's" wer e considerd t he only subj ects worthy t he study of a pr~ctical man. Today we have t he fi ve

essentia ls and the vocational training subjects. It is only recent ly that society has become posest with the idea that the school should be so organized t hat he w:1o comes out of it sha ll not only be an effi cient workman but a lso a valuable me mber of society and a better man mor a lly. In order t hat our schools may develop a man, cul tural subjects must be g iven a p lace in our course of study. That music is cultural, and t hat it has an int ell ectua l, social and moral value, toget her with t he fact t hat it is universal makes it indeed a very potent factor in education. It has been said that music is t he u ni versal language of t he soul, expressing t he emot ions of man that cannot be transmit ted to others by mere words. It has been keeping pace wit h the spr ed of knowledge t hru all t he ages of civili zation and where it once exprest t he emot ions of a r ude people, it has come to be the vo is of our hig hest aspi rations and ideals. The history of music is the epitome of t he hist ory of civilization . Music is a uni versal ar t by v irtue of t he fact t hat it is underst ood by a ll nations. It does not become necessa ry for us to s tudy and maste r the Ger ma n language or t he Rus-



sian la ng uage t o understand t he music they are deve lopt f or t he pr eser vation of of these nations. "We f eel the fer vor t he organ ism t hey may be le rmd ind iof the German pieti sm and dogmati c vid ua l ; if for t h.- p1¡otect ion of t he speausteri ty of Lutheri sm in t he cantatas of , cies, socia l. Of the form er we have the fo llow ing : Sebasti an Bach and t he passionate cry of Dodgi ng when some objecl comes near enslaved Russia is echod in the bitter stra ins of O' Charkowsky." us, or whe n we hear a loud no ise; fea r The reason for t he uni versal unde r- of high places, of wate r ; of fire; t he crys tanding and appreciation of music a nd ing of infants; the pecki ng of b irds. the use of i t as a common means of ex- We can rcd il y see t hat these have develpressing t he e m0tions is t hat it is an in- opt t hru generations fo r lhe preser vation sti nct more hig hly developt in some ind i- of t he ind ividua l. Of the latter (the social inst incts) we vi"d uals than in others as are most of the instincts. have : loveof one's kinu; the gregari In Peru t here are about 200 studen ts ous instinct, shown in one 's des ire to go T he vo is, one of in the p ublic school music classes. The where t he crowd is. first semester t here were but eight who the pr incipa l elemen ts of song, is a lso . a T his f rom wh ich and The second socia l inst inct. were apparently tone def. semest er there are none who cannot d is- by whi ch t u iti on and P.ffort has developt tingui sh between the different to nes. speech, is t.he most valuab le possessions Altho they cannot as yet sing melod ies of social man. A ll g regarious a ni mals they can sing differ ent tones t r ue to have a vo is, f or example, t he moo of t he pitch. There are no monot ones in t he cattle, the bleat of t he sheep, t he cluck model school. Wh ile it takes b ut a com- of the hen. Rhy th m, the other e lement of song , is parativly short ti me f or young chi ldren "A ll senl".i e nt th ings to learn to di st ing uish between sounds a socia l ¡instinct of different pitch t he mature student respond to r hythm. The rabb it in t he ' \ must apply himself dili gently to gain woods faced by t he metrical sway ing of bac-:c his al most atrofied instinct. Of the snake's hed and body, fal ls into a co¡.1rse some have better vo ises t ha n drunken torper , a nd loses a ll power of others a nd some have a keener sense of mot ion. T he baby s inks into s lumber rhythm, and t hr u heredi ty have thi s w it h the persisten t droning of the lullasong insti nct mor e developt. Some by. The orat or of the negr o camp meetchildren have only the merest rudiments ing will r ouse hi s hearers to the las t deof this tendency, however, f rom what I gree of fre nzy by the rn"er'e sonorous rep1ave learnd t hru observa tion a nd read- eti tion ofing, I feel safe in saying that t here is no " J oshua fit de battle of J er ico nJ rmal child that cannot learn t o sing. An' de wa lls come a tumblin' dow::." In order that we may all become possest wit h the idea that music is a ull i- The reason that poet ry has so much versal a r t, that it is instinctiv, I wish t o stronger appea l "than prose is the r edi scuss bri efly the Doctrine of I nst inct . sponse of t he human race t o rythm. Everything we know in nat ur e acts in An instinct is a tendency to act in a fixt, a utomatic manner in response t o a ryth mic sequence. We have speci fic exgiven stimul us. Instincts are primari- amples in t he movemn ts of the ear th, ly self protecti v and are developt thr u g iving the r ecu r ing seasons a nd day and natural select ion for the pr eservat ion of nigh t ; t he metr ica l sway ing of any susthe life of t he orgahism or species. If pended object; the r yt h m ic vibrations of


129, of heat, and o f light, a nd evan of rn a~~ an appeal for the:;e thin~s have o:u own heart beat. playd upon the soul during all t'.le ages Sin:s ing , w!lich is the v.:> is a!"ld rh•; thm past. To t':le developt mind, the more d evelo pt by e r or t and tuition, is als ) a in telle:.:tual and more i ntricate music s:>ci!ll i n; ~ in ::t and ha ~ be::ome a mlst a .w e~l s. p :>t mL an I c .:prd;s iv wly of c ;:n n mi Music lays the foundation for the ca t ing thot a !"ld feel i n~.. F ro .11 th is s:>nJ stud'y of the appreciation of I i terature; i n ~~: n :: t h:ls de vc!l:>p t a rtifici a l si n ~in:s for in 'sing ing one naturally gives the (i n ~tr :.m ~:1 tal rnuisc) . T ha i nstrum ~nt t h J t in terpretation in quality and is c:>n :tr J:! tecl SJ th 1t i t can b a m:1d~ to v:>bm a of t one and in fac ial and bodily im i :ate th ~ s ~mi s of the h.1 m'1n v:> is . expr e3sion. To sinz one m:1st r ead into I n Lh i ~ m.Js ic th e r hythm is r 3t:J.i nd. hi .> own mind the t~ot and feeling of the Sin~ing, beca .1s i t is an i:n tin! ·;, is C)mposer. T.:> si ng well one m:1st learn the cas ie ~ t of we ar ts to learn. It can of the f ysiology of the entire body with b e ap pr e::i a te:l b/ th >5 3 wh h~ve nJt special attention paid t o the vocal cords, st•.di ed it at a ll. Tn e unskild in mus ic t he s::m nding c:tvities and breathing orc:tn immed iate ly d etect a d isc.)rd. C!ln . gans. He learn to care for the helth in genera l for one must have t'1 :>s~ uned ucated in Eng lish s:> r ed ily realize mi stakes i n grammar ? strength to have vois control. Proper One wh ~ kn l W.> n Jthing of time in breathing must be learnd. mus ic f eels in3tan t ly the break in Mus ic is an important part of a fysical rh y thm wh en the perform 3r hes.ita tes c~lture class. It would be almost imposeve n fo r t h e sp::tce of a secJnd. H :ts t he s ible t o cnnduct a class in gymnast ics m atnemat ician a!"ly inst;in ::tiv f eeling without the rhythm of the music, or the whi ch tells h im of errors m1de in the one, tw.:~, three of t h voice. The popularity of the folk game and dance is due s :> lving of proble m3? Mus ic is inborn within us. Thru its to th e fact t hat they require rhythimcal s t udy can be la id the n!ltural fo:mdati on b::>dily movmen t and are accompanied either by vocal or instrumental mJsic. f or m any of our e:lucationa l subj ects. Music in the s ubject of melod ies enMus ic is hi storical. In it are given the m oral, .social anrl intellectual history t ers that field of fysics which bas to do Mus ic is being used by of the race . We can tell t o what period with sound. of civi li zation a peop le be longs by t heir f yiscians i n the treatment of the mentmus ic. In our schools we need music ally d iseasd. Thru the study of muisc representing a ll the pel'i ods of civiliza- one does not only t ouch upon the subtion. For the mus ic t hat appea ls to the j ects of h istory, literature, fysiology ch i ld in hi s development, changes as he and hygiene, fysical culture, fysi cs and r e li vs in h is life that of his race . Dur_ medicine, bu t he gains a knowledge of ing the pe r iods of savaz er y and barbar- the fundamentals of mathematics. To ism when he loves t o play soldier and In- sing a mesure . containing a dotted note d i an, the s trong ly rh y thm ic music ap- we must just as surely add and subtract p eal s to h im. During the age of chival- as in ma ki ng change in the store. In r y, he enj oys songs of love, and for the study of harmony the problems to be brave and daring d eeds. T hen he li kes solvd are q ui te as intricate, require just s ongs_ that express d eep emotion and as much thot and concentration. as do fee li ng. During a ll periods of life do those in calculus. One must be exactly songs of nature, of t he sunsh ine, t he accurate. All t he intellectual developra in, the trees, the birds and flowers, ment and training in exactness, memory,

13 0



o'J;erva t ion and j udge-nent that a re de- ence t;,em a s easi ly as tho t h ey w ~ re bul r ive::l f ro m the st:.1dy of t he hig her on ~ man. Not only is th is us ed by t:1e ma t1-Jematics may be gain::! from t he ch:.;.rch b ut also by other or·ganiz~~ ~ ions . st::~dy of music, together with the enj oywhenever it is necessary f o1· one p 2 r ~on ment to th ~ studen ts not only at the to in fh::ence t he many by his words. It is very desirabl e that in a c~nsti t ime b ut afterwa rds as well. H e ca n b e p the too l by mean> of which lie has ther e be unity of s pir it ,· therefor ..! a n ~cd gaind thot power a nd use it f or h is own f or mus ic in lhe school. Mus ic ma kes its strongest a ppea l t :> e 'lj oymen t an-:! that of h is frien:ls, while in af ter lif e, with but f ew exceptions, one t hrough t he e mot ions. One is fi rst t he algebr a, th~ geome t ry, t he calcu lus, of a ll made to f eel the message t he m:l t hru he has leam d the a r t of clear s ician has t o g iy. Then t he rhythm s ug t:tinki ng , ar e of n o value to hi m. For gests mot ion to him a nd • he is led to the accomplishment of social a ims m·J sic a ct ion. Ever y one has not ict t he . pe rhas been used thnoa t the deve lopment f .lr mance of s trong ly r h t hm ic m us ic t he of ci vil iza t ion because of its unify~ n6 · tcn:lency of the a ud ie nce to keep time in flue nce. wi t~ it, r es .1lting in a g e ne ra l tapp ingWhen the people of t he savage ra ces of feet and b nbb i n ~ of heds. The sound d ~cided t o ma~<e war upon the neighh:n·- s1ea~G t o the e-no t ions a nd t h e r hythm ing tri be, the first t h ing t hey d id in impels one to dane'. Bec::tnse of proj:)ri prepa,rati on was t o give t he wa r song ety try t o inh ib it the m ::>lbns s·Jga nd dance. Their voices sound e::l t0- geste:l by t he music. But e \'en t h:> we g~> ther; t hey stept t0g~ th er in r hy thm ic slp wess a ll b odi ly m ,vme n ts, the m i nd time ; t~ei r harts beat t ogether. T1ey w ill d :tn !9 r ~zarcl l ess of r eli g io:13 cr· w~re uni fieJ by t1e so·m d a n:l rhythm ot:1er pr ~j .1d ices aga ins t sue':~ a csion. I n a'li felt an::l acted as one man. This ord:::r t > U"lderst and h :>w mer~ s:> :m !s uni!:y was n e~essary f )r the preserva ~ i on can so sti r one, wa ha ve only t o c :>ns ir!er of their soc i?. l groc p. h:>w cl osely f~eling:> and movmen ts arc When c ivi lizej nations dce la re war and a s,)c iated. t'1e call is mal~ for vol : n :!ers and me11 It is n'lt ur a l fo r a ll anima l lif e f r om go fo r th to war, why have thP. band t'1e Jo·.vest t :> t ·1e highest, t o ex p r Pss f eelplay? BeC'ausP. the martia l music st irs inJS by m'JV :nen ~s. We have t.le qu ivup within its hearers the same desires er in _; of t:l :! p r .:>~oi) lasm of the amoeba and the same f eeli nzs ; they arc led t o w:1en i t is ex:!i ~e l b y some fora i ~n o!,act together as one gr eat f or ce. The jec ~ ; the lea pin s of the d og t o s:1ow h is appeal of lhe fife and dr um and the j oy; the j Jm;>ins an l s\ ipp ing of happy b3ttle songs is instan t and a utoma ~i c . c'.1ildren. On ~ cannot resist it. I t has been sa id Psyc:1olog is ts t eac'.1 t :1a t vigor.:>us bod t hat t he music of Yankee Dood le, and ily m ) vments are t :1 e in::;t incti v comthe Marsai lles, and th ~ rhy thm ic tram p, pan ions of hap:;>y energ etic fee-ling s. If tramp of the soldiers have won mor e th is be SO, it is not d ifficu lt t o S3e t h at if battles than has a ll the pa tr iot ism. the m::~sic suggests these rrl)vem nts, it Th e med iaeval Church realized t he will a rouse in t he hear e r a d e:>ire to imvalue of m:.1sic in unify ing the mass a n j itate t he:n . When we a r .:l saJ w? d,:> not made great use of it . Today it is st ill make quick energeti c move ments. Our con::;ider d very impor tant. For as they Rorrow whi ch is a "sor t of weariness of s ing they braa the in unison; they th ink the har t " makes a ll our movments slow the same tho~s. then the priest can in~u- and unw illing . We f.nd from our own





havi! n:Jt L1lly a;serted their sway. He feel hap;JY . w 1i lc music t:1at. sugg~sts is tht'refore to be add rest th1·u his emotional nature. Music meets this dem"> ~ i o:B C3.Jse~ u-; l o bc:!oma &1.1. mand. It was the first ar t thru which We arc ttz i ~:t~cJ by grea: r apidity of m·..1 s ic of hi ~·, ton':!s and a lt:1o m~n sought to e..'-'l>ress his emotions and quite sli ll w ~ fe~ l hrcai:'lless.· Slow even has at last been foun::l to be important in stately mus ic till;:; o~ r minus wi th nable the training of these. In making chorus fe~li n~s. lb:rulnr m ..tsic marc:1in~ on m:Jsic, one nnst habitually subordinate and on gives an i mpr~ssi-Jn of great p:)\v· him :;elf for the good of the group. MuPr and on ' fee l.:; c.:t:nt.Jl..! of d !lin:?; great sic, w~1i ch is t he expression of our emoand :H~I- .> i .:o deeds. 1'11e pro:!?SS oi p::>ing tions in rhythmic order if it become a g rad ·tally f::n te•· an; faster wi t:1 i nt're::ts- par t of the being may implant the ger m f or habitual rythmic order in all life and ~ i n~ , .•Jiu :11e act!'; upon L·1e b:> ly as d >e~ a slimulant . W z ar~ q.1iete; and r est2d c:mduct. All children love to sing-. They sing by m .1:;ic w ·1ic·1 god •J a lly g ..>e.s slower an ·l s lowar a n ·1 S.)fte r an:l s,fter. We naturally of the beauties of nature, the hav.:: in m t~i :.: a \·vis that speak-; t? .and birds, the trees and flowers, of joy and in :I J e nce.; y emot ion. And as it has contentmen t, of love and ki ndness, but been tr y sa itl t:1at t:1e enntions govern never of ha te, malice or envy. They the m ora ls of t:1e human raca we can sing of the blacksmith, the farmer , the r c:li ly s~e f1a L music may be used in shoemaker, an::l develop a feeling of lrainin ~ fles::l . A wri ~er f .1r t:1e "Out- good will for the laboring man. There look " say.;;. i s also developt a feeling of fellowship '·T,, e cry for m .Jr e e[ectua! m ral in- toward their classmates who sing with struc t i.)n in t he schools an ~l f .)r a better them for as Gottechalk says, '.'It is di ffim!)ral outp ut f r m t h2 schools is waxing c..tlt not to tr eat as a friend one whose m ore a nd m n·e·'ins is tent. It is poin ted vois has been united with our own, in a o .1t that crim e and · insanity are on t:le community of pure and joyful emoincrease and a r e the pr ice we are paying tions." It has been sa id that t he moral adf o r the in c::>m p lctene:;s of our education. Th e m ::>ral str~ngth f vr the present gen - vancement depends upon the growth of eration is unequal to t he ' moral over- '-lhe Chr istian ideal of t he brotherhood of man. If chorus s ingi~g develops this stra in of oar m ode rn li fe . Th ~ Llame for i t a ll j s by some ·who write for . th e brotherly feeling and if upon th is depends the moral advancement, it pape1·~, plact upo n t he public schools . W h il e i t is i mpossibl e to place the blame is not difficult to see that mus ic has a for imperf ect educati !ln only on one of moral value. The first duty. of. one who teaches muthe many ed ucational agencies, it must b e adm i t t e d that t he publi c schoo ls are s ic is to train the child to have a taste in some m es:.1re respons ible f or t he for good music. In so doing we are g r avely unsatisfactory conditi ons." We teaching hi m morals, "for," says Rusas t eachers must . do what we can to solv ki ~, "taste is not only a part and index of moral itv, it is the only morality·. " thi s problem. A person of no deep emotions is satisT he morals of the h uman race are governd by the e m o-tions. The emotions of fied with the d ime novel and the coon t he ch ild are the rea l ch ild and make up song. But we know from experience three fourths of hi s life. H e is a crea- that the dime novel fiend can be taug ht t ure of impulses. Reaso n, and conscience t o a pprec iate Browning and Shakespeare, ex :>.,l"-.!11:!.:!' L'rtt c_ui ck m..tsic m'lke-s us




So it is with the lover of coon song and rag time. lf Id s emotional nature is developt rightly he can enj oy and apprecia te the music that t ells of the high_€st idea ls and aspirations of m2n. The taste must be so traind that these so cald popular s:mgs, such as "Grizly Rear," "Ang le Worm Dance, " a nd "Bil ly," wi ll not find a resting place on the piano. It is to be· deplored t hat m:.Jsic, t he ideal means of expressing lofty and beautiful thots, is used for a covering f or evil and makes it pos>ible fJr the s:1ggestivness, obsenit:y and v:Jlga rit y of the lowest dives of ot:r American ci t ies to enter our cultw.:ed ' homes. That these are sung in oJ r lead ing theaters before a::~di en ces of appla ud ing men anJ women make thE:m no less horrible. It only adds to the a lredy ~any r esponsibilities of the music teacher, that of seeing that the taste of the next generati on will be so traind that they will not app!aud s·.lc~ music. J . Stanley Hall says, ''Every song introd'.lced into the sc:1o::> l s~o uld have a moral and aesthetic j •J stificati on an:i sho:.1ld be admitted only after carefu l del iberation for good and safficient reaS)n. T hen an:i onl y then will m usic be re:;cued from su~ordination and given its rightful commendable place in the curric'Jlum of the schools as the r ightful trainer of the feelings which ar ~ three fourths of life. " Da rwin says, "Up to the time I was thirty I derived great plesure f rom MilMusic ton, Byr on and Wordsworth. gave me intens delight. But later in life I could not endure to read a li ne of poetry and ~ad just lost my taste for mus ic. My mind seems to have become a kind of machine for grinding general laws out of a large collection of facts. If I had my life to live over again I would make it a rule to read some poetry and li sten to good music at least once a week. The loss of these tastes is

the loss of happiness a nd may b~ injurious to the intellect, and more probably to the mora l character by enfeeb li ng the emotional part of t he c':laracter." Martin L 'Jther says, " M us ic is a di sciplinary mi stress that makes peop le gent le, tenderharted, sweet manerd a nd rati onal.· ' He re we ha ve th e deepest, keenest thinkers of the world testifying to t he mora l value of mus ic. Th e mus ic of any· period reflects t he intellectual, t he socia l and the moral life of the people at that t ime. ln it are recor ded their highest ideals and nobles t thots. It is an inheritance which every child has a right to demand from those who educate hi m. There is no other subject in the um that is as broad as that of music; from t~e st udy of it we m3y gain knowledge of hi st ory, literat:Jre, f ysiology and hyg i€ne, fysics an':! mathematics. It teaches bo:1 i ly control a nd g ives a ll forms of men tal act.iv ity, mc:!mory, reasoni ng, conczn trati on, clear, keen, concise th inking . · It is a n im por tant factor in the accompli shment of social aims . It is the m ost potent means by which to influence the morals of the h:1man race. Rome grew to greatness by adapting whatever s~e f ound usefu l among t he nation3 .wh ich she conquerd So may we attain greatness by implanting into our schools whatever of good, or helpfulness, or usefulness tha t we may find, and welding the whole for deve loping better i n ~ellectual , social and moral c itizens.

Nipper t:- "What's t he Apr il 20. matter, Clem? You look down and out." Clements:-- "! ate too much of the 'prest chi ldren' last night." The cows are in the medow, T he sheep are in the g rass; But a ll the silly little geese Al:e in the freshman class.






Thosl' who haYt> r ece i,·d the 1 ormal calal•l.l! f •1· 1!lll anti 1912 ha\·e noted th ~l l man ..- acldn.!S ·cs haYe a question mark, ti111:-; ( "!). after them. These addrcs,;ps han• bee n f•1'.111d to be incorrect. L ':!Llcn; :-il'nl th<.•rc h:we been r eturnd. An.•; alumn·t:-; will confer a distinct favo r up·m h i,; .r\lnn :\falt•r. \\'ho knowing the l o ~al inn of lhe,;e pt'op le will send the ad dt·e:-.:-;e:-; in tq llw oOh; to either B. Cli ff ord Ht• ndricks or W. N . DelzP\ 1. The onis w iII g-ladly P\"L'n pay postage upon such cummunicalions rathe r t han notreceiv th em . May a suggestion be made? Will Lhc r cad e t· of this take the abov na med cala lop:, ri g ht now, and run thru and wri Le any addr esses which he can con·ccl upon a postal card and send it i.1 ? D on't p ~tl i t off, for just as s ure as you d o , you'l l fo r ge t it. "Procrastination plays havoc!< wi tb any move ment. " .;1-

W h ere Are You?

This is a quest ion that is often askt of every alumnus after he Jeavs the No r mal. H is friends . hjs t eachers and even hi s e nem ies wi sh to know his where abouls. Just a f ew days back a le tter was r ece ivd by the alumni offis from a t own in Cal ifo rni a asking for the address of a m an who was activ in b~half of the Normal in its earl ier days. The r e a r e several r ea sons w hy e very alumnus should keep the alumn i offis not i fi ed of hi s whe re abouts. First, a ll ~ommunications of th e norma l that are sent to a lumni are sent by addresses in the alumn i offi s . Second, it is very des irable t hat the addresses plact in the Normal cata log should be correct. Thi s canno t be un less the offis is always notifi ed when th e a lumnus chang es his address . Third, t he a lumni offis from time to time sends out matter of general in-


terest to all alumni and this is sent only to addresses known to be correct.

Maude Berkley Birdsall, '91, of. Alexandr ia, Tebraska, writes : "Now our cla!?s is 'of age' and we feel our responsibi lit ies." Such pushes the association and t he Normal forward as nothing else can. Activ life membership r oll upon Apr il first, 1912: J. W. Crabtree, '87, R iver Falls, Wisconsin; Louise W. Mears, '95, P eru; B. Clifford Hendricks, ' 06, Per"u ; State Superintendent James E . Delzell , '93 . Lincoln ; Jundge Charles B. Letton, '79, Li ncoln ; Professor H. B. Duncanson , '86, P eru; Miss Rosa Bouton, '81, Un iversity farm, Lincoln. T . L . Lewis '77, is judge of Super ior court in San Diego county, California. A. H. Gilbert, '07, completed a course in our Uni ver sity agricultural college last J anuary, and is now professor of farm mechanics at Pm:due Un iversity school of agriculture, Lafayette, Ind . Mrs. Li ll ian Allan Olney, '07, is a home maker in Colon, Nebraska. She is ti ll keen ly interested in Peru alumn i af fa irs. Ursu la Schmidt, '02, considers the west a splendid field for teaching effort. She has been there for the past fow· years. Her present address is No. 443, 2d avenue, Twin Falls, Idaho. Arthur J. Wickland, '07, is doing graduate work this year in Eng lish, with a minor in botany, in t he Un iversity of Nebraska. He receivd t he A. B. degree f rom that instit ut ion in t he summer of 1911 and the B . Ed . from Peru at the same time . He has a scholarship in English l an~uage and literature w ith Dean Sherman this year. C. B. F . White, '07, was elected superintendent of Cambridge for the next year last November, and is to be one of




the McCook Junior Normal facu lty again this summer. Hi s five years' servis at Trenton has witnest the growth of the hig h school from a non-accredited tenth t o a fully accredi ted twelv grade high school. He writes that a ll Peru a lumni who have workt at Trenton have been very successfu l. Mrs. Ol ive Olson Schram, '79, is now a home maker at 919 , Mad ison SL., Seattle, Washing ton. Winnifred Perkins, '11, is intermed iate training teacher in the Peru Normal training school. Those who knew her as a student are prepared to expect the news that she is "making good" in her position . Mr. and Mrs. C. M. and Richard Penny, '07, are now found at 2401 P S t. , Li ncoln, Nebraska. All three always give any alumnus who calls t he "glad hand" to one of the "homeyest" homes in Lincoln. Mr. Penny, as most of our alumni know, is chairman of the state examining board. Alice Loomis, '96, is on her t hird year of servis as instructor in home economics in the Universi ty of Wisccmsin . It was she who made the self boarding dormitory at Peru the success that it is. Rev. Wm. K. Loofbourrow, '76, of Grundy. Ill. , helpt to set out the trees now growing ar ound the Normal training build ing. He has kept himself from ''arrested development'' by a series of home study courses in sciences, theology, and law, and is now taking a course in I i terature. The Phi Beta Kappa honorary scholarship fraternity of the Nebraska University recently announct the new me mbers from the class of '12. Out of the list of thirty e ig h t we are pleasd to see t he names of several of our alumni : Rebecka Tinley Eversole, '08 ; Emma E ve-

lyn Ha nthorn, '06; Ethel J ane Pu r inton, '95. Grace F. Hooper, '01, is not teachingt his year. She is s tate secretary for Juni or E nd evor soci eties. She is t hinking, however of reente ri ng t he: teaching ranks next year. Estelle Graham, '95, wri tes f r om Oklahoma City (60 Eest 100th St.) t o encourage the a lumn i office rs to take up the matte r of the publi cation of Dr. McKenzi e's his tory . Th e officers would be g lad t o hear from others regard ing that matter. Many of the alumni who remember with s inceres t regard thei r fo rm er teacher, Mi ss F lorence M. Wr ight, will be intErested to know that ÂŁhe is now in Green vi lie, Tennessee, as preceptreEs in the Washingt.:m and Tusculum College. The young women of t hi s Echoo l <.:re to be cong ratulated upon their oppor tu nity to be associated with Mi ss Wright. E. L. Uptegrove, '97, of Sidney, Nebraska, has fil ed as a candidate for t he nomination by the r epubli can party, fo r state senator from the twenty seventh senatorial district. Since selli ng ou t his drug business in Peru, Mr. Uptegrove has been a stockman and ranch owner in Cheyenne county. Whe n not on the r anch he and his fam i ly resid e in Sid ~ey. 'Mrs. Uptegrove will be r ememberd as Laura Kime, also of the class of '97 . Mr. Uptegrove's fri ends w ish h im success. Supt. Russel Whitfield of Butte, Nebraska assisted by his w ife, Mary El lenberger Whitfield, and other tale nt, recently gave a delightful and successful musical program at Butte. The proceeds are to be used in starting a manual traini ng and agricultural department in the Butte schools. Read Professor W. N . Delzell's " Thot

THE N ORMALITE D rop.-;' · in Lhe r<!cenL numbers of the Neb ra ska 'l'cac!-lcl·. E. R. B e~ r kc.\·, '0 , formerly pr incipal of scho.d .,; aL He nd er son and ... t Eaton, Color ad o, is n ow teaching at Aurora, Mi sso'.l 1· i , wh ~re his par.:nts li v.

Clyde F ill ey , '99 , had a prominent p lace on the program d uring the fa r mers' ins ti tuLc hc l I he re las t mo nt h. H e a lso g a ve t h e s Luclen ts a n interesting ta lk on " P ra c t ica l Ed 1cation " one nu rning d uri n;:t t h e c hape l pe ri od . P rofessor J. B. Denni s, ' 1 0, of Verd nn, a nd P r ofessor D . H . We be r, '10, of S :n bhr t , w i th t'1 ier hig h school debate rs r ecen t ly s pe nt a Satu r day in our li brary. T he m a ny f ri e n ds of Maude and Grace Bruns -lon , '11, w ill be sorry t o hear, of t :-te d<!t h of t he ir fat1e r , wh ich . occurrd TuescJa,·, Ma rch 28, at t he ir h ome S:m thw cst of Peru. M l-s . Anna Moor e head J oy, ' 70, is taking a d e l igh tf u l r est a nd vacat ion t his w in te r. F or some t ime she has been in Chi cago v is i ting ht! r son , Guy, of the c la ss of '97 . Mrs. Guy J oy will be r em em berd as Ed i t h Hutch inson , ' 96. B efor e r e turning to Peru, Mr s . J oy exp ects t o spend so me t ime wit h r elativs in Oklahoma an d New Mexico. Mami e Crawford , ' 0-1 , who for some time has been a teache r in the Eng lish d ep a rtme n t of t he State Nor mal at Kearn ey, is attend ing the N ebraska S tate Un ive rs ity w her e she is working f or her doc tor ' s degree. Cleo Wonder , ' 09, f ormerl y of Nelson, h as been e lect ed t o t each Latin in the N e braska Wesleyan U ni ver sity . Id i lla J effer y Wa lla ce, ' 93, f or severa l yea rs lib r a ria n h ere, has a very p lesant h ome at H asting s , N ebraska . She is very much inte rest ed at presen t in the ca r e a nd educa t ion of her two small sons.


Supt. J as. E. East wood, '09, of Diller has been re-elected wi t h an increase of sala ry. Bla nche V. Toland, '05, formerly of Aurora has charge of the new commer cial department in the Broken Bow schools. Ray C. Gates, ' 07, formerly of Nebraska City, bu t now of Blair, has recently been offerd a couple of good pr inc ipalships. The Bla ir board bas raised his salary as a n inducement t o stay. J oseph Goldstein, ' 10, a law student a t t he Statf~ Uni vers ity, won first honors in the ora torical contest held recent ly in L incoln. He is now enti t led to compete f or the state honors in a contest t o be he ld at Central City, Nebraska. We notis a number of alumni names in the N ebraska delegation tha t attended t:-te depar t ment of super intendence meeti ng wh ich was held in St. Louis, Febr uary 27-29 : Supt. W. E. Marcell us, '05, Cre t e ; Sta te Supt . J as. E. Delzell , ' 05, L incoln ; Dean E. L. Rouse, ' 08, Peru ; L:>U ise Mears, '95, Peru; Supt. McGrew, ' 08, Silver Creek; E. 0. Garrett, '95, Fremon t ; Geo. Carring ton, '03; Pres. J. W. Crabtree, '87, Ri ver Falls, Wisconsin. J oseph Goldstein, ' 10, ca me down f rom Lincoln recentl v a nd a uctioned off E verett's posters. M~. Goldstein gave a short talk in chapel wh ile her e. J ohn Bran igan, '11, principal of schools at Avoca, has been offerd a ten dolla r raise, but has decided t o attend the school of forestry at ouT State U n iversi ty. H orace M. Jarrett, '91, is now Judge J arrett of Cha ndler, Okla homa . He is sti ll interested in h is Alma Ma ter and recent ly wrote f or a copy of t he " Hills of Peru.' ' Supt . Geo . E. Martin, ' 08, Nebraska City, a nd Carr ie Niedermeyer, ' 07, of Alli ance a re instructor s in the Johnson




County institute to be held at Tecumseh, August 5-9. It is interesting to note the number of alumn i names in the junior normal faculti es f or the summer of 1912: Alliance- H. H. Re imund, '06, Crawford; Geo. Martin, '08, Nebraska City. Geneva- J. A. Woodard , ' 07, Havelock; E. M. Cl ine, ' 07, Lincoln; l one Chapell , '06 , Omaha. MCcook- W. T. Davis, '06, McCook ; Margaret Dunlap, '09, l\CcCook; C. F. White, '07, Trenton; J . C. Mitchell '07 Hastings. North PlatteL. A. Q~ive;, '93, Cozad; Maude Molly·neaux, '06, North Platte; G. H . Williams, ' 06, Lincoln ; P. M. Whitehead, ' 96, Gothenberg. Valentine-Char les S. J ones, '93, Ord; J ulia Vandriel, '03, Lincoln; E. W. Mar~ell us, '05, Crete. Ethel Blake, '06, teacher of mathematics in the Col ::r.1bus hig h schoo l, spent her week of vacation with her s ister in Peru. This is Miss Blake's first vis it to Peru s ince graduat ion, a nd she was highly pleased wit h the many improvments in and about the Normal. Besides regular work, Professor Delzell an:l Dean Rouse are kept .b,.tsy with the Per u alumni teachers' bureau. Notis of vacancies are daily r eceivd and appli cations are daily sent. Arthur B. Gelwick, '11, of Geneva and Rudolph F. Havelka, '11, of Stromsburg spent Sunday in Peru with fr iends recently. Both had been in Lincoln with their teams at the basket ball tournament . Gelwick's team held Omaha to a score of 30 to 28, the har dest game Omaha playd. E. E. Good, '87, recently attenrled ·a meeting of the executiv committee of the Southeastern Nebraska _B ankers' Association at Li ncoln.

Myrt le McGrew, '98, has been elected principal of the Antioch school, Aubu rn, to succeed Professor Evans, who goes to

Shubert as cashier of the bani· at t hat place. Frank Bixby, '0~, ha :; been re-e lected to the superinlcmlency of lhc ~choo ls at Blue Hill, wilh an increas l salar.\·. Professor H. B. Duncanson, · ~ci, has been in vited to return lo the l\lat inc Biological Institute at Fritlay Ha r bor, Washington, th is su mmer, lo d elive r a course of lectures. Professot· Duncanson was delighted w ith h is work and trip last summer.

- A. J. Stoddard, '10, who was recenty elected to a pos iti on in the model hig h school in the Peru State Normal, has decided not to accept. Mr. Stoddard has g iven excell ent satisfaction at N ewman Grove, an rl his school board has g iven him an incrt ase in salary as an ind Jcement to stay with them. A. E. Hilde brand , 0 1, pr incipal of sch:.w ls at Hooper, has resig ned hi s pos it ion. With hi s fa mily he has left fo r Bloom ington, Ill. , where he w ill hav charge of one of the lar gest and be:.-t agricultura l papers in the s tate. M r. Hildebrand has been a very successful school man, and altho he w ill be mist in t he educational field in Nebraska, his many friends predict g r eat success for him.

$2. 00 brings t:1e Peruvian, Vol. V., prepaid, t o any ad:lress.

Never use "shal l" when you should use " should, " and never use "shou ld " when you shoe1 ld usc "shall." In short, we sho~; l d always £ay "should" when we should, and never say " shal l" whe n we should say "should . " Is that pla in enui? A man who slips on a banana peeling , then arises a nd witho<It waste of words or ru ffled t emper, removes t he pee ling so that othes may not slip on it, is a Chr istian.


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Pe ru. N eb raska

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Subscription 75 ce nts per year. S ingle copy JO cents Adverthing rates furnisht on application

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EDlTOR IA L STAFF G. S II nn,.;eu 'I :.L ............... .. .... Editor in -chief C h;~rl"t


tl' L'on h-y ' 12 ... ... ...... As>ociatc Ed itor

\V. We: tt· j t· ' l o.l-. ......... .... . llu,;int!~~

~ l nnagc r

DEPARTMENT EDITORS :VI ary A Tvn n n 'D S, .. .... ................ .. ...... Alu m n !\ lc rl c Swnu ' I :1, ......................... ............ C lass f~n·t·n l et> ' 1 2 ...... ....... ............. Societ .v l.iY• ly ' I a .................... .. .............. C lub :V1ahel ~wnm:nn ' 12 ........................... Rdigious r.myc<· Teich ' 1H ...................................... .\lusic E C . lkel' '1 2 ..... .. ........................... Athletic H Sha,·cr ' 12 .................................... Exchange

.\1;tt tha

L' h a tll·~

BOARD OF MANAGERS C. F . n eck ....................... .. , .. ................ Faculty Ray Lu ndy ' I 2 ...................................... Seni o r Frank E lknl tergct· '13 .......... .. ...... ............ ] unior Lle!'sic Arm,.;~ t·or,g ................................... Tra iner Cassi us K en nedy' 14 .................. ...... S,phomore Vern C lwtda in .1 5 ...... ............ .......... Fr... s h man H . D . .\1 a t·tin .. .... ........................... PrepA rato ry Catherin e Greenll.'e ' 12 ....... ................... Everett E. C. Occ k ' l :l ...... .. ...................... Philo mathea n \Vm . Roettger 'l3 .............. ............. Y. M . C. A. ................. .. ..... Y. W. C. A. Gertrud e Sughrue '13 ...... ................. N. C. C. A. ~us .' i\ 1. Smith .......................... Dramatic Clu h H azel Tn y lo r ' 12 ............................. Latin Club Ebba Wahlst ro m '1 2 ...... ...... ........ German Club E . C. Beck ' 12 .................... Athlctic Associatio n C hester I>arro\\' .. .... ........................ C iceron ia n


H igh School Music. Music should be taught in the high school and be g iven equal credit witr. other subject3. Tnere are three classes of s tudents who would be especially b~nefitted by this. Those who give up thei r music for the high school ; those who ieav the high school for music, a nd those who t ry to do both and make a success of neither. The fo ll owing is a list of subjects for which credit is given in some of our eastern schools: General chorus practice; girls' chorus; boys g lee club; orchestra ensemble; band practis; pri vate music lessons; harmony or theory of music; history of music; musical appreciation. Of course it is neit her practical nor probable that any of our high schools oats ide of the cities could offer al l of these subj ects. But every school sh )Jld r eq ui re at least two of them; general chorus and music appreciation. In general chorus the student would be g iven opportuni ty to learn t o interpret and sing the best music. In musical appreciation class, could be cultivat ed such a knowledge of music as would enrich the mental and emotional natm·e. There the struc ture of the di fferent forms of music should be explaind from the simples t melody t o the most di fficult fugue. H owever, t he chi ef aim of t his class should be to teach the pupil t o listen int ell igently and to give hiin a real acquaintance with t he masterpieces of mus ic. For this purpose, the victorola is of g reat importance. Thru it the best music of a ll forms may be brought to the class. Some hist ory and biography may also be g iven as t he compositions of d ifferent composers are studied . We find that these two classes wo:.1ld do much in doing away wit h the populari ty of the trashy music of the coon song and rag time and would be a great help in train ing the tastes of t he stud ent



for the good music that would make him better intellectually, socially and morally.

II musi~ D~~artm~nl' II

Elbe r t路 Hubbard , of the Royc rofters at East Aurora, N ew York, is a rather naughty and impud ent fe llow a nd his Native Seed Corn . read~r s are often quite pr路ope rl y shockt The Nebraska Experiment Station has by his unconventi ona l ways of say ing j ust issued Bull etin No. 126, en t itled t!1ings. But he so m := Lime~ chal eng es t he "Native Seed Corn." Th is bulleti n di s- attent ion of us all by an u tterance so cusses the relation of nativ vegetation fu ll of pith a nd sagacity t ha t it seems to climate and soil, a nd the tal l prair ie as if the veritab le goddess of wi sdom grass r egion is contrasted with t he had plact her kind fi ngers upon hi s inkstaind ones and g uided them thruout a "short grass" region. As a rule each large corn g rowing re- paragraf or two. "In pi cking you r fr路i e n:J s," .says the gion has a somewhat d ifferent type of cJrn, the t ype being the result of adap- sage with the eccentr ic ha ir , " sound t9.tion to the peculiar eli mate and soi I yo:1r A. If the othet路 fe llow amwer.;; B, of that region . Acc:>rding ly t!1e wise pass h im up." person hunts till he finds a fell ow being It has been the common practis for responds to h is A w ith a r esonan t who farmers in Nebraska to secure seed corn from regions several hundred miles east and mel low C, and then ther e is estabor southeast of Nebraska, from sections lisht stra ightway a basic; for a friend quite different in cl imate and so il. Ex- sh ip. periments have shown t hat seed corn There ar e a few enthus iasts in the thus brought from a distance se ldom world (e ither of matter or of sp irit) like yi elds as well as our best acclimated va- Sidney Lann and Miss Carpenter and I , ri ~ties. fhwevP.r, corn brought from who beli ev and insist that there is a a d i .t ance im;>roves in yield from year close c:>nn ection between m usical ltarmany and g ood ci t izensh ip. We . believ t::J year. as it becomes better ace! i mated. that learning to sing in harmony helps Also i t has been a common custom for farmera in western Nebraska to secure the sou ls into all sorts of harmonious s =e-1 cJrn from eastern Nebraska or attitudes; t hat it pays one up to hi s r est'3.te:; to the east. Co-operativ experi- sponsib ili ty to society ; that it sJbdues ments in western Nebraska with a large his tendency t o consider himself accountnumber of farmers have shown the na- able to nohody else. t iv western corn to yield about 25 per The morning stara did well to s ing tocent better than corn just brought from g ether. If each had ra ised his vo is the eastern portion of the state. West - without reference to the r est, the music ern farmers should not attempt to grow of the spheres WJuld have been a horrid t he deep-grai nd types, but rather the farce on that morning when the shepbroad, shallow-gni.ind types, with herds turnd t heir faces towards the rather large cob. stable at Bethlehem. This bullet in may be had free of cost Each afternoon of this pens iv spr ingby residents of Nebraska upon applica- t ime, the campus awakes to the sound t ion to the Nebraska Agricultural Ex- of girls' voices singing gently and calmly from a cell like room of the trainers ' per iment Sta t ion, Lincoln, Nebraska. building . Each student is striving, not E . A. Burnet t, Director.

THE NORMALITE t o be heard as an in idvidual, b u t to add t o t he grand su m t otal of the world 's ha r mo ny . T o acco mpli sh such a resul t , one mus t learn that t he differe nce bet .veen F anrl F s harp is a matter of extr eme impc)l¡tance, altogether a del icate and defin i te affai r. At annthe r hour , t h irty boys who havll 't befo re t hot much about t he supre me clL;ty of being har mon ious, are wor k ing a way on a twenty page chorus, and lear n ing- to s ing it, "Jus L e xact ly right, you kt.ow, I n t he land of thus and so. " And t :1 us we progress together and who shal l sa y but tha t Divi ne I nt ell igence rej o ices in our ha r d won victori es in t he d irect ion of u ni ver sal ha r mony?


R~ligious Y . W . C. A.



t ian Association. The Peru Association is indeed for t unate t o have her so long a peri od of time. \

One of the most impressiv and beautif ul ser vices arra nged f or by t he Christ ia n Associations, is the sunrise prayer meeting held on t he campus Easter morn ing . In the midst of so much natural beauty, t he words of the speaker, Rev. J . H. Stitt, who addrest us Apri l 7, sank cleep into t he ha r ts of t he large gathering of students and facul ty members who assembled on t~'e nor thern slope of the campus a t sunrise. The State Normal Quartet , in its rendit ion of "St ill, Still wit h Thee," added just t he rig ht touch of solemnity and beau ty to the occasion.


Witb th~ ~lass~s - 11

Senior Class. Ou r associa ti on has been favor d wi t h As the annua l class play, t he seniors two vis i ts f r om t he t erri tor ia l scer etary, will g ive " If I were King" written by Miss Vio la Marsha ll , both vis its cover- J. H. McCarthy and dra matized by Miss ing almost a week. Because of t he size Ruby Fe rg uson, teacher of expr ession at of our association a nd t he extent of our the Peru Normal a nd coach of the class work, M iss Marsha ll finds it necessary t o play. The caste is worki ng hard a!'ld rer emain with us a lonf,er peri od of t ime hersals are frequent in order t hat th e tha n is g iven most of t he associa ti ons of drama may be r enderd in the best posthe t erri t or y. Apri I 3-8 wer e the dat es sible manner. On of Miss Marsha ll 's second visit. The class, t he school, and t ho:;e -who both Thursday a nd F r id ay Miss Marsha ll in tend t o be in Peru duri ng commencea dd r est the s tude nts a t N oonday prayer ment week will be fortunate t o hear m eeting , on the exceedingl y inter esting Hon. W. J. Bryan who has been secured p hases of associati on work now having t o deli ver the class address. We were in its beginnings in the rura l sections of doubt for some ti me as to whether the o ur country. F riday af ternoon a kenser vises of Mr . Bryan could be secured ; s ing tun was g iven in her honor ~ At the but word was r eceivd the latter part of Sunday afternoon meeting held in t he March that he wi II be her e. hi g h schoo l assembl y r oom, Miss MarWe hope that all seniors will not have sha ll sp oke in her usua l effectiv and the misfortune in securing a positi on as cha rming m anner on "The Persnoa l did Mr. E. C. Beck. He secured his poT ouch." No one can q uite estimat e t he all rig ht but was snow bound at sition g r eat good M iss Marsha ll is do ing as she Red Cloud f or one whole day and then in goes abou t helping a nd inspiring g irls in ~ or der to reach Peru was ford to walk their wor k of the Youg n Women' s Chri s-



from Julian thru the mud and snow. The member;; of the class a r e securing excelle nt places. Those elected thus far are: E C. Beck, superintendent, Riverton · Kather ine Greenlee, assistant prin' ci pal, Riverton; G. S. Hansen, superintendent , Edison ; Percy LapJ), superintendent, Utica; Mae Mi ller, pr imary, Utica; Le ila Co'.lrtwright, high school principal, Trent-:>n; Grace Mi ller, science Leacher, Trenton; Frances H ughes, Ger~ man, Di ller ; Lynn Gifford, high school princi pal, Syracuse; Gertrude Smith, Latin and Engl ish , Tilden ; Harley Shaver, manual traini ng and athletics, West Point; Amelia Benson, intermediate, Chester. Rev. Mr. Sheppard of the First Congregational Church of Lincoln, w ill deliver the baccalaureate sermon t his year.

Junio r Class.

The juniors have the hon:Jr of class championsh ip of the girls' basket ba ll, they havi ng won every class game. The e'fort put forth by each individual member is worth mentioni ng as they put up a strong fight against their opponents. The ability of the boys showd their aopreciation for the new sweters and socks, in the class colors that had been purchast for them by the class. Altho two games were lost, thus losing the c'-:a -npionsh ip, we fee l grateful towards fB team for the hard playing it did and t he interest taken in each class game in helping to make us v ictori ous. Several of the juniors have taken g reat in the snap shots for the Peruvian. Almost any day a junior may be seen with his camera, taking some very ''I ucky shots'' on the campus, or e lsewhere. The enthusiasm shown by these i ndividuals is worthy of mentioning as it c:hows true class spirit and a desire ot intere~t

he lp out with class.


undertaking- nf the

Prizes were awarder! fo r the snap shots taken. 1\Iiss R.t th .J ones won lhe fir;:;t and Mr. Vernon J<reb:>. the sec.>nd and third priz~s. Maude Phe lps has again n•sun1cd her schoo l work after severa l day:-; absence on account of illness. The cabinet officcn-; Wl'rc ke pt ve1·y busy lat~l y ma!< i n.!4" prepara Lio n,; fo 1· the banq ue t whi ch was ln l.w g-iH•n April 19. T he heel chairman ;m d all t he committees we re selectt!d and all of them we re fa ithful in their parl of t he work. Word has been re:::e ivd t hat Mr. Moulten, who was cald home on accou nt of t he deth of his fath"e1·, will r eturn here for the last quarters' work. Nine juni or g ir ls, who are tak ing t he domestic science com·se, enlertaind their gentlemen fr iends at a leap year luncheon on Thursday aflernoon, February 29th, from four un t il five p. m. The luncheon co ns i s~ed of two courses which wer~ pr epare d by th e you ng ladi~ them3clv.:;. l_i'rom all r eports Lhe l uncheon must have been deliciously goou as it has been sa id t:1e young men we1·c unab le to sing at chorus that evening . The j un iors ar e feeling proud over the new class penna n t t hey recei vd from the athletic board some t ime ago , given as a prize for selling the largest number of foot ball tickets. It he lpt to d ist inguish t he juni ors from other classes in the panor a mi c v iew t aken. A note found in t he library read t hus : Mr. Gifford :- Please start som thing; I am dying of ennu i. Miss Hu'ston:- You had better explain the last word. Miss Goshe n (in psychology class): Mr. Mcwh irter, to r emember t his psych-


THE NORMALITE ology class, wo uld it be a p erce pt or a memor y i mage?

the near future ,a par ty having arranged for.

Mr. Mewhil·te r :- It \\"Ould be a percept. as w~ will r e member it f or two or three year:;. If it we re a me mory image we wou ld forge t it in a week or two. M iss Gosh e; n :- I ft>e) flate rd.

Albin Johnson had the plesure of a v isit from his friend, Erwin Jamison, of Ainsworth, Nebraska.

T oe clac:s at its meet ing April 3, pas t r esoluti ons of sympathy ·owing t o the de th of the b1·othe r of Miss Maude P he lps . T .1e j ni or cbss h as the largest writeup in t~1e P e r :.:;v ian e ver p t.:t in by one class.

S c phcmor e Notes. H urrah f o r the invincible sophomore boys' bas ket ~a ll t eam, champi ons for 1912! Our boys w on th i s wJrthy t i t le afte r some hard fot ga mes, especial ly those with th e jun iors and seni ors. The game with the jun iors was the closer of the two, r esu lt i ng in a t ie, 26 to 26. T he ti e was p layd off a nd Mr W ickham r elievd t he s i tuation by throwing a goal. T he game with the seniors ended with a score of 24 t ol 5. The members who playd o n the boys' t eam were John Wear , captain, R o land Wickham; John Baker; Mar,..h ,. l J ones; Fred Meyer; Carl Overton; Ca ssius K ennedy. Our girls w er e n ot quite so successful but fi11i s ht seC'ond h owever. Those p layi ng on the g irl s team were Bessie Curran, Helen Osbourn, Ruby Huff, Ali ce Garver, Ame lia Clarey, Beatrice Bly the and Bell Hall. T he soph omore c lass is r epresented in the Glee Club by t he fo llowing: Carl Overton, Cassi us K ennedy, J. W. Maxey and Eme rt D o n ovan . Bess ie Curran was visited by her two baby brothe rs on March 2. We are all a nti cipa ting a good time in

When the Peruvian comes out note the uniqueness in the sophomore write-up. Some class. Freshman Notes.

Whereas God in his infinite wisdom has seen fit t o remov from this earth the father of our esteemd classmate, Cora Brunsdon, therefore be it , Resolved, that we, the members of the Freshman Class, extend to her our sincerest sympathy in her bereavment and commend her to the care of the loving Father who doeth all things well. Be it further resolvd t hat a copy of these reso lutions be presen ted to lY. i£s Brunsdon a nd a copy publisht in the Normali te. Committe. Every one is back to school after a very plesant vacation, a nd all are starting in again, with renewd vigor and enthusiasm. Plans are being made for a class "theater party" a t t he Crystal. We are anticipating a go< d time. Our last social f unction was in the form of a sleigh r ide, which was the jolliest ever. The freshmen certa inly have shown some true spirit this year. See their fine wr ite-up in the Peruvian. .JI.

E ver yone has h is troub les. Even Dean Rouse assur es us that he cannot get his babies to sleep before eight o'clock upon any special occasion, such as the banquet. Teacher:- What are the children of the czar cald? Pupil :- Czardines.--Ex.




Soci~ li~S atHt ClubsIJ Everett.

The Friday evening before vacation A found E vere t t Hall q uite crowded. good program was g iven, after whi ch a post er sale was held. Mr. J oseph Go ldst ein of t':1e S tate Un ive r3ty acted as a uctioneer for t he sa le. H e provd to be t he same Mr. Goldstein that we kne w wilen he was a f~ll ow Everett wi t h us , always r edy to respond to most any calling. Besides selling the posters he ga ve sever al readings which p!easd all of us . We hope he will come aga in. Program for Apri I 5 : Music, Everett Orchestra; reading J oseph ine G i Itner; pantomime, Ellis Frye an-J Ber t Dressler; piano due t, Edna Hanks an:i Ma ude Mil ler; E verett Gazette, Helen Osb:>Urne ; essay, Modern Ga ll an ~ry, Sara J ewell ; music, Evere t t or chestra. B ::~s i ­ ness meeting .

placing the heel on t he bacl< o f one seat a nrl the feet on t.hc I ac'< of the one in front. A ca:;ua l obser ve r rnig :1 t. pi ty t hese appa re n tl y s pineless. weak or def ormed be ings , b u t. an ho u r late r if he we re to go l o t he at:1le t ic fi eld he w uld see t.he same crowd tear ing up a •1d down , w ith no thi ng a t a ll the matter. At t.hree o'cloc!< she m .tst go t:> the la borato ry. As :·non a;; sh :.! is seated a str ong odor of sen-se n reaches he r. lt is extre mely obn ·>xi o s and ::: pon looking ar ound tJ sec w:1e rcl i l CJ!Tl ~..; from , s'te sees a boy ac1·oss f t·om he r take t he last W h ile she is one f rom hi s pa ckag-e . bus il y enga.g e-:1 in adj '.lst ing her microscope, a n:>ise like the cr a ck ing of g umbo when a wagon g o!:!s th e J. i t in w3t wet her, fa lls upon he r ear . Turning her hed she sees a yo·.m g ma n che wing gum t o the rh yt hr~1i c bea t ing of his feet on t he fl oor. " Yo u can thi nk o f man v othe1· ways in wh ich yo ung m en of today lack gala n try . I ha rdly know why t h is should be so, whe the r t he g ir ls a r e to b la me or not. It seems that yo :.~ n g m en a re so strong f ys ic.:ally that it. s hou ld make t hem st ronger in e ve ry o lher r e:::pec t. "If t he g irl s d o no t c Jm mand eespect the young m 3n sho uld have str englh of cha racter en ·J f t.o g ive it an y way ."

Following are q '.lotati ons from t he essay, Modern Gallantry by Sara J e well ? "G allantry is that poli te and cour te O:.lS treat ment and considerati on wh ich a you ng man should g ive a lady, w·1et:1er she is young or old, pr etty or homely . ''Se1 ppose for example, we go wi th a young lady of our school to her classes Philoma.thean •for a day. In the mqrning as she is on her way to chapel :-he meets a young On March first we wer e g iven an unman. One would expect him to ti p his usual entertainment. The g rea ter part hat and g ive her a plesant good morn- of the program was Indian in character ing, but g reatest of d isappointmen ts, he and consist ed of a panto m im e repr esentrloes not. Insted he blurts out a loud Ing " The Fami ne of Hiawatha ." Hal hello and by the way hi s hat clings t o Glasgow was ver y strong in the part of his hed one could think t hat g rav ity was Hiawatha; , and·He le n Holman, as M inespecia lly great t here. nehaha , repr esent ed a char m ing Indi"a n "Then, as our lady takes he r place in ma iden. T he par t of _Nokom is was we ll cha pel what does she see ahed of her b u t interpreted by !1.1:aude Berry , a nd Mr . rows of human beings- a ppar ent ly Lively, as M inne ha ha ' s fathe r , t he old spineless-having the form of of a horse- ar row ma1{e r, mad e us a s plend id Old shoe. This effect was brought about by India n. T he " Famine" and "Fever"


THE NORMALITE were par ts taken by Ruth Jones and Grace D _nlap. B e tween gcenes a gi rls' quartet "ang s·.:ch popolar song::; as " ilver B lis" and "Arra \Yanna" and l\~ iss Schot t e n te r la i ml us with I ndian elections . Gran ted Lhal t he presentation of pl ays r eq u ir es muc h hard work and time, still th ey are a sour ce of g r eat enj oyment to th e audi ~:nccs. " The Ameri cans" g iven b y fret h t:nen Philomatheans ·on the evening of 1\r arc h eight was especially bri g ht and breezy. r eflecting a great deal of ar t istic ab ility on the part of the p layHs. T h e re were othe r pleas ing n .<mloers : A p iano duet by Miss Lamber t a n :l l_ i,;s Hard e n ; a com ic r eading by Mi5s Ke lson, a nd a tuba solo by Mr. L ')ngfe ll ow. 1\~ i .ss Hancock gave a paper cJ nc:;rn in g current events under the h<=:a ding "Who' s Who and Why ." Thi s feat ~ re of the s oc iety programs has been r :..: nn ing for w m e t ime a nd has he lpt t hose who do n o take time to read t he dai ly papers, to keep in t ouch with live t op ics of the day . The re was n o Phi lo meeting on the of March 15. It was impossible to avoid a conflict with a ba:;:ket ball game and the Hussars so both socie ti es agreed to postpone the ir programs f or a w eek. The Peru boys won t he game, and the Hussars prov ide d an unusua l m usical treat, so w e cannot but f eel repaid. · ~vening

The prog ram whicli was carried over from March 15 was g iven Friday March 22, t o a crowded house. · The enterta inment had be~n p land a long I rish· lines in Mr. h onor of St. P atrick' s birthday. Ander son opened the program with a beautiful piano solo, wh ich was hartily e ncor e d. F o llowing this, Mr. Roettger and Mr. Hansen impersonated "Pat and Mike ' ' in a humorous manner, throwing several sharp pointed witticis ms at members of the a udi ence. Miss Cornell

sang • ' 0 Con•e t o me, Mavourneen, '' wi t h Miss Rhodes as accompanist, after which Freda Peterson1 Ebba Wahlstrom and Mr. Novak presented a little Iri sh play. " The TraYeling Man." Contrary to expectations there was a sadness thruout it that provd, however, to make it very pleasing. The program of Apr il 5, the boy' s program, was of a very entertaining character. Clarence Howie playd a pi ano solo, Dr. House gave readings from S,idney Lanier and Messrs. Hansen and The Wickland each gave a yocal solo. play, "Apri l Fools" given br Messrs. Staack, B. J ones and Christenson, was full of fen from start to finish.

A griculture. On Fe':lruary 26 the Agricult ure Club gave a t'ecept ion to the students. All Games r eport having had a good t ime. were playd, flashlig ht pictures were taken. A taffy pull was one of the enjoyable events of the evening. Ma ny new members were added at · this meeting . The society was divided into four groups in order ot get group pictures for the Peruvian. March 11, the club met and the f ollowing program was gven: Subject, Spring Gardening. Preparing the Ground, Mr. Lawrence; Selecting the Seed, Miss Foreman; Planting the Seed, Mr. Burrelle. · The program of t he fast meeting, April 8, was very interest ing. The subj ect was corn. The fo llowing were on the program: Mr. Allen, History of Corn; Mr. Ramsey, Selecting Seed Corn ; Mr. Weeks, The Seed Corn Special. The soc iety voted to sell flowers this spt;ing as they did last year to pay fo•· t he ir space in t he P eru vian.






Coach Thacker and Captain Lundy are putting the base ball tryouts thru a thoro training. Batting, fielding, pitching, base running, and throwing are all given their · attention. The prospects for a three tim:! penn:mt winner are good. Five of last year ' s champs are out in suits. The pitching departme nt wi II be strong and fo ur good men want to do the receiving. Manager Clemants has his schedul e fi ld. A total of seventeen games wi ll be playd, with Ames as the climax. The following is the schedule : April 18, Tarki o at Peru. April 25, Kearney at Peru. April 26, Wesleyan at Peru. April 30, Cotner at Peru. May 7, Bellevue a t Peru. May 23, Doane at Peru. May 14, Bellevue at Bellevue. May 15, Doane at Crete. May1 6, Cottner at Cotner. May1 7, Wesleyan at Wesleyan. May 18, Kearney at Kearney. Shenandoah, Tarkio and Midland wi I be schedulde besides Amity at Amity. Peru ended a successful basket ball season by overwhelming the Omaha University quintet. Because of the snow storm the visitors nid not arri ve unti l Friday. The game was normal' s from the beg inning . Clements getting the knock off, and then the ball remaind ours until two was scor ed. Schott seemd to be able to hit the basket from any position and repeatedly brot the crowd to their feet . Shaver, Sims, and Renfro deserv all the praise receivd, while Mewhirter scored f our goals in his five minutes of play. The game e nded with Peru 62, Omaha University, 19. Altho next year W€ lose· Schott, Clements, Renfro, and Shaver; Sims and

Mewhirer, with t he pick f r om these fast class teams sho uld make a w inning t eam. Sims' basket bal l quintet clo-ed a successf ul season. They won nine of el<'ven game:;, w inning every game at home. The g irls won two of the ir three games. Foll owing is the sta nding of t h e cla>s teams : G irl s . Playd Won L ost Pet. Class 4 4 0 1000 Juni ors 4 3 1 750 Sofomores 4 2 2 500 Freshme n 4 1 250 Hig h school 3 4 0 4 Senior 000 Boys. Sofomores 4 4 0 1000 Seniors 4 3 1 751Jun iors 4 2 2 500 Freshme n 4 1 3 250 High school 4 0 4 000 The class contests were finisht in March. The j uni or g irls had easy times after their defeat of the sofomor es earl y in the season. These sofomores ha \re developt into a fast t eam . The j un iors clincht their h old on the c~ampion ship when they defeated th e Seniors 17 t o 6. The game was enthusiastic, altho the j uniors had the victory from the first. The members of the g irl s ' ch ampionship team are the Misses P e t e r son, Hale, Fuchs, Holman, Corne ll and Phelps. Three thri IIi ng- contests settled the boys' championship . The sofomores defeated the juniors in a most exciti ng game. The first half found t h e juniors one point to the good but t he sofomores came back strong and tied ~h e score in the final p eriod. T he tie was playd off and won when Wickham shot a basket. The score stood 28 · to 26. The sofamores next met the seniors and in nearly as exciting a 'g ame won by a score of 24 t o 15. This gave the sofomores supremacy. The jun ior s met the seniors in



the fi nal gan1c and tho the senior s were expected to make a poor show ing, they playd the better game and won 29 to 1-l . Much enthus ias m was stird up. The member s n f Lhe boys· champion team are Messrs. Wi c!<ham . Over ton, Baker, Meyer, Ke nn ~dy, Marshall J ones, and Wea r . Th ere wi II be the largest write up of athlet ics in the P eruvian th is year that has ever been g iven. An account ·of every garnr, ~ nap s hots of indiv id ua l foot ball men in act ion, a nd pictures of t he games in pt·ogress at criti cal periods-all in P e ru v ian, Vol. V.

\' [ocal ana P~rs~nat /1 T wo panoram ic Yi ews will appear in the P e ruvian, one of which will appear b ut thi s one t ime . Prof essor F . M. Gregg was in Peru during vacati on f or a few days. He adr est the Helth a nd Efficiency -Club Monday e ven i ng, March 25 . H e r eturnd to Chicago t he latter part of the week to fini s h hi s work at t he Uni versity of Chicago. De an E. L. Rouse was in the northwestern part of the state the first week of Apr i I, a tte nrl i ng teachers' associations in that part of the Rtate. The teachers of the N ormal and several of the s tudents attended the southeaste r n N"ebraska Teachers' Association at Beatrice, March 7 to 29. Many of t he students went home and t hose living north of the Platte Riv.e r experienct s~me d ifficuty in returning. The H uzzars, the last number of the lecture course, was g iven March 15. This was an excellent number and was greatly appreciated. At chape l, April 2, G.' S. Hansen, on behalf of the g lee club, presented Dr. House w ith a s i lk watch fob, mounted


with so lid gold and appropriately engravd, as a token of regard for the help and work he has given as director of the club. Honorable W. A. Selleck of Lincoln a ddrest the students April 4, on the topic, "Student Qual ifications." Mr. Selleck is one of the legislators of the state who is interested 'in education. The fo llow ing announcements were r ed in chapel, March 23 : "Miss Wilson will lead Y. M. next Sunday afternoon. " ' ' Poster sale at Everett tonight. J oseph Goldstein of Lincoln will auctioneer . You will miss an opportuni ty if you bear Mr. Goldstein." I

· Charles Li vely has been chosen business manager of the Normalite for the next year and Miss Helen Osbourne edi tor in chief. This will make a strong staff, and should the issue become a weekly one, as is being pland, the Peru Normal wi ll have a strong school paper, undoubtedly much stronger than many school magazines. The Farmers' Institute was held _here at Peru March 22 and 23. A large number ·of students attended these l ee~ tures. The democratic and republican student voter s of the Normal organizd separate political clubs, Monday night, April 15, to discuss issues pertaining to the primar y election. These clubs each held a meeting on the following Wednesday to d iscuss the various candidates f or nomination. The junior-senior banquet was held i n the gymnasium, Friday evening, Aprif 19. P lates were laid for three hundred twenty persons. An excellent menu was served by the domestic science depart .. ment; the toasts were original and full of humor, and every one present enjoyd especially the Insh folk lor e by Profsesor Delzel l. The classes entel'ed the oflnquet




ha ll at 8:30, and Saturday morning had arr ivd before al l was over. In the Peruvian contest the sofomores gaind first place, heading the list by 101 percent of purchases of t he school annual. Editor Anderson sent the d ummy and copy to the pr in ters on Apr il 17.

s ideri ng t he propos ition of build ing a cottage."

In the debates that too~ place on Apri I 12, Peru is actually the winner in t he contest. Peru won at home by a una ni mo us decision; Kearney won by a two t hirds majority at Kearney, and Wayne by a two thirds maj or ity at Wayne. Thus, of the ni ne judges, Peru had the decision from four, Kearney from three and Mayne from two. So after a ll we needn't feel particularly bad.

A t the Ban que t·

Several students went to Auburn Apri l 18, to see " Teddy." Some of them, however, were shipwreckt on t he way and had to be towd b:: me. Prof. Hendricks:- "! have been con-

Miss Ferguson, afle r tryi ng t he fa inting scene in t he seni or play :- " I rather ilke that act . " Shaver :- · 'So do l. ' ' ~-~-

Tyso n :- " 1 have taken s pecia l pains t his year to consu lt a sen ior before taking any move or stand upon anythi ng ." Fair Damsel :- "1 think it a perfect shame for yo u boys to come to the ju niorseni or banquet a nd not br ing a g irl •vhen there a re so many her e.' ' Albin :- "Yo u see they are not a ll as ni ce as yo u. " .;ol-

To be a plucky loset·, and t hen put fo r th a stronger effort next time is what makes a man.

To Our Many Peru Patrons WE










L. W csscl's Sons & Gom NEBRASKA CITY




the Accounts o f

Nor mal §tv. dents

D ~ poait ~ our mo ney w it h us fo r t h~ 't l t ' ; ) < : 1 a nd pay your bills by checks. You t h us h ave a plo c~: of safety 10r yo ur m o ney and you gain a va luable business experience in ca ring fo r your aceo uut.



T E B A l\T l{

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HEN IN need of a Watch, J ewelery, Founta in Pen, Sc 100 Fob, Seal and Class Pi ns, Spectacles, Candies and School Supplies- ! ALWAYS GO TO THE N . S. N. S. J l:WELRY STORE. Why do I patronize t he N.S.N.S. Stor e? Because I can buy and have my work done better and chea per then a nywh ere else, and always find the price t o be fair and just to everybody. " Because I have my Fountain P en, Watch, J ewelry a nd Spectacle work done by J. C. Chatelain, he is the only man tha t can do it to please me and my pocket book." "Because he is always here and a lways r eplaces everything he says he will without ext r a cost t o me. "And because he does not charge me for every li ttle j ob as other Jewelers do. "And so I .r ecommend the N. S. N . J ewelry Store to every student.




P er u Appreciates and solicits the trade of Normal Students ..

rtr c&IIWP

I I I ~~.


~ L

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B a nk

Wm. Tynon, President C. R . Welden, Vice President

Deposit your mouey here and checl{ it out as you need it.

R . W.





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' 1912

-'-''--We are Headquarters for---

ladies' Garments



We are showing an elegant line of Messaline and Taffeta Dresses in the new evening shades suitable for Reception and Banquet wear also beautiful white Dresses in sheer Linaire, Voiles and Marquettes for Graduation. An inspection

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Our price Suit all purses,



normal it~ VOLUME VL


th ~ P~ru Pl an- t:h ~ R~al


Junctionof a R~al normal

By W. N. Delzell.

At one t i m e the n orma l schools t hot it t o b e s uffic ient to t each their students the s ubjects t o be ta u t, and when a stud ent ha d fin is ht t he prescribed course to ·declare him q ua li fi ed for work and turn him loose t o h is fate, with~ut any k now ledge of how to t each ot her t han t he theoret ical know ledge. Later a f ew schoo l ~ tr ied t he exper iment of a model school, where the hed teache r wou ld t each a c lass a nd t he student would be r eq uired t o observ. This was a great step in t he r ig h t d irection, but it was soon found t hat a n other step, a nd a very impor tan t one, ~as necessary. No matt e r h.o w much t heory a student had , no matte r h ow m uc h observing he d id, he s hou ld have some actua l work in putting hi s t heory into practice in r eal class room work, u nder t he d irec't ion of a sk illd teacher. A few of the schoo ls in t he East st arted what they calld t he ' 'train i ng sch ool, ' • where t he· student was req ui red to t each under su per vision. Insted of hi s be ing t he one 'to observ, he learnd how to teach by teaching. These s tudents im m ediately provd t heir worth over those who wer e taut theoretically. Peru was one of t he early schools in t hi s country to adopt the tra ining school method. This depart ment has grown

until it is the ch ief department in the Normal, and t he great success acquired by t he graduates of Peru thruout Nebras'ka, and the .great demand . for Peru teachers is due more to the excellen.t trai ning than to a ny other one department of work. They are taut bow to do a definite th ing in a definite way, to carry out the plans of others as well as to fo rm ulate and carry out their own definite plans; to know what to do and how to do it before entering the class room. One of our most prom inent superintendents sa id he would prefer a Peru graduate with one year 's training in teaching to a co llege graduate with two year s' experience in pubic school work. Another superintendent of one of our {arge city schools said that he believd t hat t he great success of Peru graduates was due more to t heir training school work than to any other factor. He conended h is remarks by Eaying: " When I make a req uirement of my teachers to dci a defi~i te line of work in a definite time, the plan is always done and carr ied into effect by the Peru st udents, wit hout an exception." A Normal student , who prepares a dai ly plan to submit to the training schoo l teacher fo r cr iticism and carries out th is defini te

' 148


plan in the class room dai ly for a whole year, naturally will do t he same thing when he enters hi s own school room- at least if he does not, he wil l feel that he should. It is seldom we find a Peru g raduate failing in this particular point. WiLh the growth of normal training t:1e function of the Normal has broadend. It has been found t hat it was not onl y nece3sary to _prepare teachers but to sec that these traind products had a chance t o teach in our best schools. Ten years ago, Peru had no organizd system for locat ing teachers. The f unct ion of be school was to g ive the student a good train ing and then let him search for a Of course members of the position. faculty and the hed of t he school assisted indi viduals but the work ::ts a system was not treated wl10lly and purely as a schoo l function. Th,e que~ti on then arose, why should we educate and train mater ial f or the public schools of Nebraska unless they were put into comm unicati on with this material? At that time a bureau was organizd bv the alumni association under the leadershi-p of Professor N. A. Beng tson, t hen secretary of the alumni , to assist the al um ni in securing pos iti ons. The work of th is bureau was not very extensiv, due to t he fact that m ost of the graduates succeeded a nd were either promoted in their own school or their r eputation gaind them promot ion in other schools upon their merits without the aid of the bureau. It was the work of the bureau to look after t he unfortunates who lost t heir posit ion by some mischance or fa ilure. It was then that President Crabtree suggested a plan whereby the seniors would be con.:; iderd, in fact, members of the Alumni, so that aid could be given them when a id was needed. Basing his theory upon the fact that if the state spent so large sums of money educating the young men and women for the public. schools, it was

nuthing m , re t!1an right l hal a sy ;;~e­ mati c organization shou ld be form d so as t'J ac:]uaint the schools th r uout Ncbras!<a with l hc prod uct here in Peru. In 1900 , the annual sa la ry of t he teache 1·s located by t hi s bureau was $16,000. Each year the re has been a deci ded increase unli I now the ann Jal salary of t hose located is over $ 100,000. P resident Hayes endo rst President Cra btreE:'s plan · and enterd into th is wo rk with hart and soul. While he was s upPrintenden t of the Alli ance puldic schools he sec::~ red t eache rs regula rl y from Peru thr u t)le bur ea ::t, and kn e w the wonh of such an or~an i ~at ion from a super in tenSince he has been dent's standp'Jin t . presidenL of the Normal he has done a ll in h is power to f J r t he r the funct ion of th is org aniza t ion . As a res::~ lt of this organizd eff•>rt t:1e average ~alary of the gr.<.~d u ates of Peru was stcd ily increast. The average sala ry of the t eachers who . sec::~rd hi g:1 sc·1'>0 l p )Sit ions las t yea r was over $7-1 , w:1 i le th e aver age salary of accrl!diled high schoo l fo ur year cou rse il' on ly $67 plus , showing t(lat the teachers from P e r u are getting $7 above the a verage. In 1905 the a ve rage salary of the t eac:1e rs in th ~ g rades go-. ing o:1t from P eru was sl ig htly over $50; in 1911 t he ave rag e sa lary of t he t eachers in t he grades is over $55 . T hi s is partially d ue to t he incr ease in teachers' wages g e nerally, yet t he ave r age wages of the grade t eachers, outside of Lincol n and Omaha, ·f or g rade wor k at the present t ime is only sl ightly over $50. Th is will expla in what organized effort has done. By t he first of May t h is year t hree-fou r ths of t he e nt ir e teach ing force of t he seni or class we re located. I n 1905 onl y one-fourth was located by May 1. The q uestion is being ra isd by many, wo ul d it not be well for each of the Normal Schoo ls to have a depar tmen t exclusivly devoted to, locating t eachers and to looking after the su ccess of t he

~-- - --






g ra d ualcs whe n they lea\· the N or m!!.!. S : n :.:..! a s La te norma l is est:J.bli ·h t and ma in t a ind nol alone f or t:1e ben zfi t of its stud e n ls, hul for the bene.1t of the ci t izcn ~ w :w ~c n cl t he ir chi ldre n t o norma l tra incl Leachc rs , it is onl y j ~..s t and rig ht t hat the f unctions of t he N or mal should be cx tc nclccl t o t he s upe r vision of t he gra d uates in t he ir activ wor k, a nd a departm en t d evo ted to t his work establ is h t . A b la nk has bee n sent out by the bw-eau each year f or t he past fh ·e years to Lhe S!..ip e r inte nden ts of schools, inq uir ing in t o t l-w s~t ccess and the wor t h of the P er u t eache r s d ur ing t he ir fiTst year of s e r v is , unde r hi s s upen·i s ion. This is us uall_,. se nt ou t a t t he close of the fir st St! m est e r . By t ha t t ime a t eacher has pr ove! h imse lf a success or he has demo nstra t ed his weak q ualities. One h und r ed fi fty two bla nks were returnd t hi s ye ar. N ot a ll of the blanks we r e fi ld out in f ul l, ye t there wer e e n uf t o s how the r emaTka ble r ecord of last yea r ' s clas::;. T he r epor ts sent back s how c lea r ly t he ad va ntage of Normal t ra in ing·. The fo llow ing a r e t he q uest ions w i t h the s u mmar y of answers receivd: 1. Is t he wo r k in g ener a l satisfact ory? Y es, 142; No, 1 0. 2 . D oes t h is teache r co-operate in car ry ing out yo ur p la ns and suggest ions"? Yes , 14 1; No, 9 . 3 . Ab il i ty as a di sciplinaria n ? E xce ll en t 63 ; Good, 73; Fair , 37; P oor , 4. 4 . Ab i l ity as an instructor ? E xcelle n t , 41; good 76 ; F a ir 28 ; P oor 4 . 5 . Is t her e ca r eful preparat ion f or t he dai ly wo rk ? Y es 14 5 ; No 4 . 6 . D o outs ide affair s in any way int erfere w ith the school work proper ? Y es 3; No 146. 7. Are associa tions and professional m eeting s atte nded r egularly ? Xes 134; No 4 . This P eru p la n ha s not been the work of a d ay, nor has it been the work of one

indi vidual, but it has been brot about t hru seven :rears of labor thru the·united efforts and concerted action of the ent ire faculty and t he al umni. Each one of the Peru faculty has contributed his her sha r~ toward maki ng this plan a success.





Per uvi<Jo s at Aur or a?

A ,·ery plesant li ttle banquet was ser vd t hr u a local committee consisting of Mr. and 1\Irs. R. H. Gibberson, '09 and '10, Mi sses Louise Murphy, Belle Glover, ' 09, Vetta Loy . ' 06, and Edna Beach, '08, for Pe ruvians in att endance at the Aurora teachers' association. Aside f rom t he g ood t hi ngs to eat, the after diinner part was not neglected as the f ollowing prog ram shows : C. B. Moor e, '09, Toast Master, Osceola. Read ing, Mr. Shock, Aurora. Toast , ''T wix t O ~rselves, '' Miss May Frank, '09, York " Memories," M. F . Stanley, Aurora. Read ing, Mrs. Bar bara Cardwell Gibberson, ' 10, Aw-ora. " Old Per u," Miss Nellie Dorsey, '09, Havelock. Pr esident Shell of York College made a f ew remar ks. '"Twixt Ourselvs."

Miss May Frank, '09 . I' ve often wonderd why- t he wor d "Peru" should be a n open sesame to the fr iendship of entire strangers. It may be that an intangble bond is for md because we all atOne per iod of uur histor ies have felt t he same joys and experi enst the ~ame sorrows. It is hard to det er mine whether we ar e more united by the rem~mbrance lof past woes or past plesures. But tribulations have a way



0f creating a ver y close sympa thy, so our interest in each other may be due to the fact that we have been fe llow suffers . Each of us has endurd enuf life agon ies t o draw us t ogether , if we we re as far apart as candidates running for t he same offices. I don't want to d is turb your peace of mind by too many harrowing recol lections, but I must mention the one beside whic}:l a ll other P eru tri a ls Eve:1 nvw I pale into insignificance. shudder as I repeat the dred f rase, "critic teacher." Are any of you so brave t hat yo u can hear those words without a reminscent tremor ? And isn't that one -nemory alone sufficient to place us in a ;)ass by ourselvs ? Surely none but g radJates of Peru can appreciate the exact meani ng of blue pencil marks on weekly plans, nightmares of lessons, outlines and blackboards inscribed with cha lk legends reading: Mr. Swenson, 2:03; Mi ss Wehrs, :45; and Miss VanDriel, 3:00. 0ne fo llows close upon t he other, you no~ is, for the hed executioner was able by !ong pract is to dispose of her victims with neatness and d ispatch. Many were t he ambitious yo uths and maidens cut down fro m their pinnacle of self esteem :n the short space of one hour. Can't you again feel t he sensation of impending doom which yo u carried with you to con.'erences? And don't you r emember how you rusht out after the ordeal, seeking :;:>me bosom friend t o whom you could ;ay the things you would love to have ..;aid to critic t eacher- and didnt? In my box of Peru r elics ,I have the '\utomatic comforter with which I used , a soothe my wounded feelings after a ·anference. I came across it the other clay and t he s ight brot back so many t.cenes of the past that I became quite .nelancholy : A tender memory, that is all, But it fi ld my eyes with tears As I drew fom irts hiding place A memento of P eruvian years.

Reluctanlly f brot it forth, Of youthful j oys the s um. My heart ach t whe n I lookt at it A wad of che wing gum . But j oking as ide , we are comrads in more ways than jus t t he re membrance of similar exper iences. Ou r A lma Mater still exer ts a powerful influence over our lives, and we stand toget he r in our love for P eru, he r lofly aims and noble idea ls. Yes and we love the setting whi ch has made P eru f a mous. Wh y, Pe1·u would not be Peru, without her glori ous views from " Joy's H ill " a nd ''Pikes P eak," and he r v.ell traveld roads around the squa re to the cemetery and down to the ri ver. All these forses as well a s our rega rd fm· her ha lls of learning combine to hold us under he r spell no matter how far in the past our college days may have been. I n conclusion I sha ll submit a few verses in which I have tr ied t o decsr ibe the Peru that I r e member. IN OLD PERU. O'er the di stant hills a purple haze, On neighboring heig hts, there's a riotou s maze . In tints and shades, gold, r ed an d brown . Right nobly each wears her resple ndent crown . Each apple tree dai ly more lowly be nds, The sluggish Mi ssouri more s lowly wends, F or Autumn her self ha s come to woo, And cla ims as her own our old Peru . Wide stretches of snow on surrounding hills, The t rees are frosted miracles, For nature, in f an tastic whim , Hangs diadem pendants from every lim. The river's a ribbon of s ilvery white Gleaming afar in t h e valiant lig ht, The brown earth's blanket ed, h idden from view In the winter time at Old Peru.

7'HE NORMALITE Awa:,en in g li fe in trce.3 and flo;Yer s, Or ha rds, pink b loss ms are f a irr bowers Co me o ne by on e the dreamy days To br· ing ne ·.v b ea".ltJ t o the wo.)d)and w ays.

The ins iste nt n o te o f the whi p-po:>r -will C~ll s f o rth a n an ·.v0r from every hill; T ne who le glad ea r t h is created anew By th e br·eath of Spring, in Old· Peru. Gertr ude Warren , '0-:1 , a nd Frank H. Ci,amberlain, of Line In, wer e marri ed F abruary 17 in Omaha, a nd ar e now living in Lincoln. Miss Warren ta:Jght succ essf ull y in th e public schools of Nebraska Ci ty, Beatric e. a nd Omaha. !<'or the last three years she has been teacher of manual training in the Clifton Hill a n-:1 E d ward R osewater schools, Omaha. A ltho she w ill be mist in schoo l work he r many friends wish her much happi~ ness. Mrs. Emma Blake ly Mag ner a nd Mrs. May Bamford H orn entertaind at Mrs. H orn's r eside nce , 4812 Dodge St., Omah a, Saturady afternoon, April 6, in hono r of Mrs. Cora Jack Wendle of Wymore, who is visi ting her sister. The aftern oon was spent in t alking over old Peru d ays, whi le a u umber of old Peru pictures added zest to the occasion. - An interesti ng postal was receh;d from George Merrill of t he class of '94. Mr. Merrill is a coal dealer and farmer at Steamboat Springs, Colorado. He is still interested in teaching and spends considerable time in the education and discipline of his three fine sons. He invites his alumni friends to v isit him during July and August. He says h_e livs in the land of snow, and that the finest s trawberries grown are raisd in that part of Colorado. Our library has r ecently had a celebration, and the library staff is pleasd to announce to its many Alumni friends that the Nebraska State Normal Library at P e ru is now fully catalogd. This


great work was commenct eleven years ago, under the direction of Miss Elva E. Rulon, '96 , who has been hed librarian since '98. To her ' much of the credit is due. The library is classified according t o the Dewey system, which is the best system known at the present time. This is our s ixth year in the new library building. We now have eighteen thousand, four hundred forty three volumes. The library has never been in a more flourishing condition and a $900 order of new books will soon be receivd, and on tht:! shelvs before summer school. Superintendent L. F. Garey, ' 10, of Valley, has made an examination of the pupils of the public schools there, emphasizing these points: sight, hearing, speech, and manner of breathing. . O~t of 258 enr olled he finds six whose srght rs affected two with defecti v hearing, t hree with im~eded speech and six mouth breath ers. The parents of those whose sight is affected have been askt to have same examind by an oculist. These are handicaps that many teachers overlook. Miss AnnaL. Pain, '11, is now teaching the first primary at Meridian, Idaho. She says there are now twenty Peru graduates in Idaho. They are thinking some of organizing a Peru Club there. She is contemplating returning to Peru this summer for summer school. Emma Ferguson, '09, is also teaching in Meridian, Idaho. She has been r eelect~d at an increase of salary. Maude M. Henderson, '10, is now teaching high school history in Dallas, South Dakota. Her home is Hamill, that state. Estella Graham, '95; of Oklahoma City, formerly teacher of expression in the normal, is much interested in the publication of Dr. McKenzie's History of Peru Normal. She feels that the publication of that work would be a worthy



undertaki ng f or the Alumni AssociatiOn. Jess Harris, ' 09, is in the employ of 0 . A. Cooper and Son of Humboldt. l-Ie is the biggest little man in H umbo ld t. Many of the class of '09 remember h is pluck and de term ination to fin ish wit h the class in spite of his broke n li mb whi ch gave h im much trouble. Glen D. J enkins, '09, is cashi er in the bank in Humboldt. He is sti ll taking activ interest in the affa irs of the alum ni. Wi nona Proper, '10, is teach ing English and pe nmanship in t he El li ott bu i ld ing in L incoln schools. Her s ister has the fourth gradP. in t he same bu ild ing. She sends word that Ella Richard s, '10, is to return to Great Falls, Montana, another year . Sara E. Dunn, '08, is t eachi ng South Omaha this year.


Gertrude Easton, '08, is a~sist i ng her fat her in his abstract offi s in Tecumseh. Grace Ostenberg, of the same class, is now Mrs. Grace F uerstein and living in Leshara. Cla ra Shires, '08, Meade, Nebraska.

is a teacher


found in every vi llage and to wn in Nebraska, we do no t wonde r lhat new studen ts con tin ue to e nroll fr om t he remote corners of t he state : nor a re we s urprised that the old schocJI con t inu es i ts unrestricted g rowth d u r ing the passing of t he yea rs. Miss Be r t ha Schick, ' 09, secre t ary of the Omaha P eru Cl ub, writes, " A ne w stud ent for e very alumnus. We a re doing our bes t. ' · Such messages are ap preciated hy President Hayes a nd a ll r"ri ends of the No rma l. Le t us make an effort t o have both t hi s summer s:!hoo l and t he regu lar school yea r t he largest atte ndance that the schoo l has ever known. J . F. H os ie, Ph . M., .'91, heJ of t he departme n t of Englis:, of t he Chi cago Teacher ' s col lege, has recent ly publi sl)t a bonk "The Elementary Course in Engli sh ;, wh ich wi ll be of great va lue to te~dhers of that s ubjec t. Prcf . H"os ic is a lso manag·ing editor of a new magazine, "The Eng lish . J ourna l," which is t he official oragn of th e "Nati onal Co:mc il of Teacher s of E ng li sh," which organizd P r of. in Chicago December 1, 1911. Hosie is secretary of that organ ization .

H ilda Mi lle r, '08 , fo r merl y scie nce Charles A. T ucker, '97, is teach ing .· teacher at Centra l City, b ut now a stuand proving up on a half section of govdent at t he Chicago Uni versi ty, wi ll ernment land in Montana. He expects r eceiv her . B. Sc. degree in June. M iss to retire from t he teach ing work next Miller has made a sp ecia lty of chemistry year~ His home address is F loweree, in a ll its fases and is well prepard to Montana. t each any t hing i n. that line . Ethel and Lota Baer, ' 10, wi ll teach Principal Lee Roberts and Glen in Merna t he coming year. James, both of t he class of ' 11 , and now Vera H oeffelin, ' 08, is t o have t he high school teachers at Brock , recent ly first grade in Columbus. brot a number of t heir grad uat ing class to Peru a nd spent the ·J ay in the library ' "A new student f or ever y Alum nus." work ing ·on orati ons. Let th is be the slogan of every alu mnus for the fa ll of 1912. Per u recogn izes that her greatest sours of strength is in her army of graduates a nd former stu dents. When we consider that these are

J. C. Mitchell, '07, principal -of t he Hastings high school, has b een r eelected and his salar y was raised to $1,500. F. L. McNown , '05, has been ree lect-


THE NORl\IALITE. ed s uperinlcndenl at I orth Bend. Nebraska. A. J. Lodclard. ' 10, has s ig nrl a contract lo slay in ewman Gr O\路e two years I ong-e r. -- . E. Benson . ' 07, who has been teaching at the Unive rs ity at Lincoln . has bee n e lected superintendent of Lexingt on schoo ls . Supt. F. E. Monow , '90, has been r ee lcct.c.:d at Cen t ral City, Nebraska. P1路incipal J. H. Bmwell , '96, has been r ee lected at Le ig h for t he coimng year. Ceo. D . Carrington, ' 03, formerly sup er intenden t of pub lic instruction in Nemaha co untv, r ecen t ly made his re lat ivs a nd f ri ends in Auburn a short visi t. Mr. Carrington has for some time been trave ling f or the Sm ith heating system, with hedquarte r s in Mi nneapol is. Mr. E. H. I<och, '11, has.been reelected superintende nt at Papilli on, w ith a sa la r y of $ 115 per month. Mary McGrew, ' 00, principal of sch oo ls a t L ouisvil le, has been e lected s uperin tenden t at that place for the coming year. Lillian Smith, '94, has been li ving in Kansas C ity s ince graduation . Her ad路 dress is 926 H a rri son Str eet. Miss Smith is loyal t o her Alma Mater and writes that she is delighted to see the names of t hree of t he class of '94, on t he Normal school f aculty: Mi ss Grace Culb ertson, Professor W. N. Delzell and Mi ss Edith Va nMiddlesworth. Ira Crook, '11, is the proud possessor of a new automobile which w ill be of ' in his life insur::. g r eat assistance to him ance w ork. The twenty-second annual meeting of the Nebraska Academy of Sci ence met in Lincoln, May 3 and 4. The following alumni m ember s were on the p rogram: Prof . H. B. Duncanson , ' 85, "Vestigral or gans and some r elated problems."




Prof. N. A. Bengtson, '02, "Correlaticn of Pla tte and Missoui路i Val ley limestones. " Prof. Louise Mears, '95, Geographic influences in suotheastern Nebraska . " Prof. N. A. Bengtson is vice president of the ear th science section. Richard Cole, 0' 9, who was recently graduated f rom ~< course in f armacy at Omaha, has accepted a position in a drug stor e at Duncan, Arizona. All alumni members r egr et t he untimely deth of Miss Mary Emerson of the class of '79, which recently occurd at the J ones hotel a t Tecumseh. Supt. Geo. P. McGrew, '08, bas been r e-elected at Silver Creek but bas not accepted the position. Supt. W. T . Davi s, '06, has been reelected at McCook for another term of three years. Prof. Victor Trucken, ' 10, who has been teaching in Fairbury t his year , will teach in Des Moines, Iowa, naxt year. Supt C. F. White, '07, of Trenton, has been elected superintendent at Cambridge for the coming year. Supt. C. B. Moore, '09, has been reelected at Osceola with an increase of salary. This' is Mr. Moore's fourth year there. Supt. C. F. Lehr, ' 95, has been reelected at P ender for t he coming year. Supt. J ewel G. Good, '09, has been reelected at Creston. Prin. W. C. Noll, '07, o( Fairmont has been e lected superin tendent at McCool. Supt J . D. McMillen, '11, who has been at Western this year, has been elected pr incipal at Sidney. Supt. J. H. Slothower, '97, has been r e-elected a t Havelock. Supt. G. E. Martin has been re-elected



at Nebraska City and persuaded to remain another year. Lilli an Galbraith, '11, has been elected to teach fif th and . sixth grades in Beemer. Bess ie Bowlus, 11, will t each in the primary department at the same place. Esse Teich, '11, has been r e-elected kindergarten teacher at Wayne. Rachel Fairchi ld, '03, grammar critic teacher at the Wayne Normal, has· been granted a leave of absence for the - summer school. Miss Emma Morrell of the class of '97, has been chosen to take her place. Miss Morrell is principal of one of t he grammar schools in Lincoln. Aida Gray, '06 , has been elected principal at Hooper, and Lotus Krause ' 11 high school teacher. ' ' Mary Steuteville, ' 00, who has been teaching in Sioux City, will teach in Des Moines this coming year.

"Dreammg . of You." Talk about a dreaming, You don't know_what you sayI never had an idea Till just the other day. I stept across the hallway To speak a word or two And there I found my nei~hbor Just dreaming of you. He sat before a table With books and no~es around I judged that he was reading, ' But later on I found Six hundred happy faces A stand ing,right in view. And then I knew my neighbor Was dreaming of you. He showd me many picturesHe had them by the score. H e told me of your interests · Of his own special four '


His home and work and classes, The town of old Pe1·u; In al l he sho wd most clearly A longing f or you . He's sure a faithfu l worke rThis man across the hal l ; He's a lways in a hurryHe wastes no time at a ll. And yet there's something tells me However he may do, Tha t first among his wi shes, There 's longi ng for you. He's on a leav of absens To stay away s ix months, He tells me very bravely , And then, qu its al l at once. His vois gets rich ly mellow, His words grow slow and fewMe thinks that he is dreaming, A longing for you . So somehow I 've a fee ling, Within a week or so, As soon as comes vacati on My neighb or West wi ll go. That t hot, I know, inspires himHe's not at all so "blue"The time is fast approaching;He's coming to you. He's making pr eparation! see i t every day." I think he's g etting anx ious, Altho he doesn't say. His face is growing brighter, His st ep is firm and true; I guess as if I knew it, He's corning to you. Yes, talk about a dreami ng You 're lucky in a friend, Who plans for you and laborsHis efforts know no e nd. His hart is big and lovi ng, He'll give you proof anew, For fast as train can speed hi m He 's coming home t o you. ' 0. P. Pitts, F:. M. Gregg's neighbor, U. of C.

THE NOR I\IALITE '' MJ r ble H a ll :; .'' " I dreamt I was in m a rble ha lls . " In the ecstacy of a ch·eam t he poe t was bor ne t o t h e h a b i ta t io n of t he opulent. But in t.h is t we n t i t h cen t ury the ci t izen and t he sch oo I ch i ld of th is democratic a g r icu ltu r a l stat e ma y daily ha bitua te ma rble ha ll s. On t he N ebraska prairi es, wh ich p r od uce t he ir g lori ous crop:;, b u t y ie ld n bui ld ing s t one . her sons and daugh te r.;; may traver se true mar b le h a ll ·. T h e s ta te has r esponded to th e arch i t e et' s argume n t in behalf of fi re p rot ctio n , s anitation a nd bea~ty, dep3i te e xpe nse . And what is . m o r e beautifu l tha n marble ! Cr ys t a l! ine , s parkilng, close g r a ined and de li ca te ly ve ind . A s beau t ifu l as bird 's e ye m a p le , or t he most exq uis ite etching on walls , and ye t mor e enduring tha n a ll t hese ! Angelo's " T o mb of Me di c i" is considerd t h e m os t b ea ut if ul r oom in the world. I ts walls ar~ of ma rble sla bs as vari ed in coloring and as beaut if ul a s an y pain t ing s in t he world . Wo uld an Ita lia n , w it h hi s innate s ense of b eauty, m ar on e of t hese shining s urf a ces? No ! The Ita lian is born with love f o r the beaut iful. The humblest p esa nt f amily wa lks thru the ga lleri es of Flor en ce, and the look of vener at ion u pon those faces t ells its own story . Willia m D ean H owells finds among the Ita lia ns "The Dem ocracy of b ea uty . " The little Italian immigrant is slow t o lose thi s instinct even under the overwhelming influences of American life . L et u s h ope tha t the American yout h ·w ill, bef or e a much longer time , cat ch the spiri t of beauty in his surroundings, as the gen erous ha nd of the sta te continu es to pr ovide them for him. When old men engage in remini scences they often r ecall the nays of' the little r ed school hou se, wher e they whit tled

- - - - - -- - - -


away the seats and scribbled ov. r the walls. The present day school bJ ild ing is practically free from such vandali· m. How do yo 1 account for this change? The st udent of the t imes loo~:;:; a'Ja!.l t him for a psycholog ical explanat ion of t his betterment. One explana ti:>u _off erd is that t he c:1ildren of to iav, bemg more accustomd to I JX lr ies in the homes, have learnd to respect good f urnishings. If this be tr ue, then we m 1st conclude t hat the vandal ~pil·i t, a remnant of which still exists, comes entirely from the homes of the poor , an1 t~i s we know to be un true. Other s ascribe t he upward tren:l to superi or teachers. If t'!lis be tr Je~ the higher inst it utions, such as t he Um versity a nd t he Normal schools, should be conspicuous for their equipment unblemd isht and intact. . 1·s offer And yet another expIana t 1on . - that the users of our fine public buddings have come to realize the sense of ownership and the relati on of the tax Here payer to t he outlay of money. again an inconsistency conf ronts us. If 1 that the tax payer has come t o I .ea]'ze . he is cheating himself when he despod s _a public build ing, why should not our capitols and court houses be models of conser vation ' for who should ·know more concr etely of public expenditures t~ n t he law maker and the tax payer? As a matter of fact, where do we fin_d, the best kept build ings? The answer IS - in the public schools, here and there, wher e teachers and patrons have created the sentiment. "Cl~n up, and ke~-~ things clean ! Beautify a nd protect . Pride is a powerful motiv. The sense of ownership is another saf egard. The spirit of the leader in conservation says, "This is your pr operty, paid f~r wit h yo ur money . Help to keep It rig ht. '' Louise W. Mears.

~--- --'-~



NORMALITE In order that the Normalite next year might be a paper fitting our schoo l and be truly representativ of Pe r·u school li fe, the subscr ipti on pr ice ha;; bee n ra ised to one dollar per ,vea r . During the past year, owi ng t o financial circumstances, it has been absolutely impossibl e to issue t he magazine as it should be, having t he d esired amo unt of editori al a nd news ite11s. A nother feature, whi ch had to be d ispenst w ith, and whi ch is essential if the paper is to be what it should, is the matte t· of cuts. I t is to be la ment ed t hat we have been unable to have p ictures of the athletic teams, baske t ball , base bal l and track, and other organ izations such as t he g lee club, chorus, science clubs, a nd agricu ltural department. in the Normalite this year. It is in v iew of t his that t he action of the board was taken to r a ise t he subscription to one dollar; a nd it is hopt that Peruvians wi ll co-operate with t he new staff next year in making t he Normalite the best school paper in the stat e .



Peru , N e braska

A Monthly


·Publisht in the


of Education

Publisht by the .State

Normal School

Subscription 75 cents per year. Single copy IO.cents Adverlhing ra tes fur nish! on application

Ent crd at

Lh e

l'ostoiTic<: a t Peru . ::\elwas lw. a.s SCCOIId <; Ia,;;; Ol:LLLC I'

EDITORIAL STAFF G S Han!'cn ' 12.................. . .... Editor in-ch ic:£ Charlotte Cooley ' 12 ............. A ~~oc i ate Editor J. W. Wear J r. ' 14, .............. Bu~ine~~ :\1 a na)?cr

DEPARTMENT EDITORS \1 't. ry A Tvnnn '98, .............................. Aiumn Vlerle Swan · ·1 2, .... ........... .. .............. ...... Class .\1 a t tha G;eenl e ~ ' 12 .......... ................ Societv C h a rle~ LiY• ly '1 3 .... ................................ .. Ciub .VIabt'l Swan~on '12 ....... .'.. .................. Religious f ~ rayct Teich ' I :L .................................... :\1 us ic E. C. Heck '12 ................................... Athle tic H. Shaver' 12 ...... ............ .. ................ Exchange

BOARD OF MANAGERS C . F . Beck ............. :... .. ....... , ... .. : ...... ...... F acu lty Ray Lundy ' 12 .......... ........... ...... .. .......... Senio r F rank E llenberger '13 ........................... .. .Junior Bessie Arms~ror.g .................... .. ............. Tra iner Cassi us Kennedy ' 14 ... .. .... : ...... .. ..... Snphomo re Vem Chatelain .1 5 ... .'......... .. .. ...... ..... F r eshm a n H. D . .\llartin ................................. Prepn ra tory C a t h erinc.Greenl~e ' 12 .. .................. ...... Eve re tt E. C. Beck ' l 2 .............................. Pbilo mathean Wm. Ro ettger '13 .... .. .. .... ............... Y. M. C. A. ....... ..... ............ Y. W. C. A. '~ert rude Sughrue ' 13 .............. .... ... .. N.C. C. A. "us.' M. Smi th .......................... Dramatic C lu b Ha zel Taylor ' 12 .................. ....... .. ... Latin Club l ~bb a Wa hls trom ' 12 ............ ........ Germ an C lub S. C. Beck '12 ...... ...... .. ...... Athletic Associatio n ...: hester Da rro w ................. .. .... .. ..... Cirero nian


The most difficult day's work that will be undertaken by any young man or woman will be the clay she tries to get a dollar without earni ng it. T he law of recompens is as fixt as the law of gravitation. "Value r eceivd" is justis and u nless justis is renclerd to both parties to a transaction, wrong is done: Young people upon t he threshold of a business or professional life are not fully equipt for t he strenuous exactions thereof unless t hey have acquired some principles which lie at the foundati on of right liv- . . mg. Among the many principles a few will be r ecald here. These ar e not g iven in the order of their importance, but as they occur to mind. To whatever station of life one may be cald, he should r emember that others have r ig hts . Fail-





ing- lo r ecog-ni r.c thi ·. the r ea l j oys of bi l t on poverty, societies founded on life will be dimtl. stan·ation. And in t his connection we A d is t· ganl for lhe rights of others may add, have and require respect for beg e l::; a s pit·iL of lawl essnes~ which leads others. One who disregards the opin-· t o S •.ICh C\'cnts a s no ti st in the press dis- ions of others becomes a bigot. If there palches r ecently in Lhe case of the Aliens is any characteristic m:>re t han another of Virgin ia. who s ho t down in open that causes f ellow men to lose r espect for co urt l.1c j udgc who pa t a d eserving sent- another, it is that spirit of " I," "me," ence ; th e s hc t· itr who atTested t he pris- " mine," which constan t ly asserts itself onet·; and lhc prosecuting attorney. in the sayings and doings of some people. Thi s s p iri t of law les::; is apparent in If one has ta lent, it will show itself, m any directions . Managers of g reat and it wi II not be necessary for the poscorp ,)l·at ions d e libet·atPiy seek to control sessor thereof to sound it with a .megagovct·nm e ntal agenc ies t hat stand in the phone from the house tops. Real way of t hc i 1· unla w£ .tl e n te r pri ses. Con- mer it is evident to all and will 111 due tru l of Jnb l ic officials by the use of mon- tim.e be recog nized. Modesty is a g reat ey is a s viei o us fundam entally as at- vir tue and should be pract ist. "In peace tempts t o intimidate them by t he dis - t here's nothing so becomes a man as Play of d eadl y weapons·. modest stillness and h umi li ty. " . T he blow ing up of b il cl ings by organThat necessary element in one' s makel Z <>d b ct• . anothe r shock ing example -~ o tes ts up, for "complete livinl!:" ab:>ut wh ich of t hi s sp irit of law lessness which is so much has been said yet whic:, must alabroad i n the land. E xamples by t he ways be kept in mind, is included among hundreus might be c ite d. Suffice it to the f oundation principles in connection say, t hey all spring from the same origi - with this article. From the actions of na l cause, viz.: selfis hness a nd the d is- some, t here seems to be an effort to see T his j ust how close to the I i ne of honesty they regar d f or th e r ights of others. littl e preach m e n t is e mphasized at this can ven t ure without being tec:tnically distime, because ma ny of you shall soon honest. A little self examination along s tand b efore a community of young peo- this line wi ll surprise some. It might be Ple, a n d shall t each by precept and ex- a good idea to "take stock" of our incliamp le. Yo ur teaching shou ld not be, nations and do a litt le repairing before and d ou btless will not be , confined to the rent becomes an irreparable breach. t ext books. T he great lessons of life are I n the great crushing sorrow which overnot f ound w i th in t he pages of books shadows the nations, <;aused by the tragYou s hould k now the socia l and moral ic sinkil')g of the T itanic with so many conditio ns of the age in which you liv, precious· I ives, should we not pause long the t ende nci es of t he t imes, and s hould enuf in the mad rush of busy life to b e fu ll of zea l to correct any evils t hat inquire " What is it all f or ?" The world appear . Too much indifference to small stands agast at the destruction of life matte r s in the mselvs of li ttle ..import, in this g reatest of sea hon·ors; yet thoub::~t ten d ing towards lawlessn·ess, s hould sands of human li ves are being crusht be checkt with a firm hand. ' I nsti ll a · out ann ually in the swet shops, factori es, rever ens for a u thority . and respect for· ' m ills, and mines of thi s and other coun· th e rights and property of others, and ·tries, by the dema nds of the various lines You w ill do much t o subdue t ha t selfish- of these industries, and the great mass ness which late r in life seeks and obtains of h uman ity takes no more than passing such wro ng from d estitution, palaces notes of t.he human sacrifice.



Ambition, g reed, power, position, is · the goal of those who so lig htly disregard the rights of others, and who climb t o dizzy heights upon the dying bodies who s lave for them. Is it withi n th e province of your duty to mankind to st udy into the conditions which perm it this state of affairs? Are you in any way responsible for these conditi ons ? Yorr may say, "I a m not responsible for the sociological conditions a> they have existed or as t hey exist today,'' but you wi ll be responsible for tomo:-r ow and the future. You have within yo ur power the shaping of destiny. Will you r ise to the occasion or will you tab in the oar3 and idly drift? But it takes a m'ln to stem the current. ''Mollycoadles" are at a di scount, but men a '1d women who can face the crying evils of t~e hour and bravely defend the weak and defenseless, are needed as never bef )re.


On ac:!nnt of the junior-senior banquet Apri l i9, t:1e Everett program was postponed till Saturday night, and quite a n·1mber were present in spite of the ra in. F or the past semester Everett has been endeavoring to make its programs more t ruly literary. The real purpose of a society should never be overlookt, and it is a mistaken notion that lig ht programs must be g iven regularly. T he followi ng is an ed itorial written by Dr. House f or the Ever ett Gazett e : "It has been wittily said that the good is often the enemy of the best. No less sadening, however, is the reflection, often forct 'upon us, t ha t the better is the mortal ene my of the merely good. I cannot have my fin e house, with its splendid col-

onades a nd lofty dome, its wide c::> rri dors and rich , shining dra per ies, w ithout g iving up the h umbl e cottage that I love so .well , its qu iet no::>k, its' la tti st win dows , and the bi t of s unny gar den wherein roses g row. I would a t tain to manhood's place and power, t hen 1 must f or ever part wit h the j oy of car eless yo ut h, the g lory and the g leam of chil d hood fan cy. Or agai n, if I would have t he wisdom · and enjoy the crowded memories of the aged, I must be content to lose the po ise and ~onfid ence of midd le life. To reach my home immortal I must forsake t hi s dear m::>r tali ty. To ente r heven I must turn my back f orever on the unspeakably near and intimate delights of homely Earth. This yea r I am a school g irl. Next year I shall be a teacher. The idea ! W.1o wi ll care to hi re me ? Who wi ll want a school gi rl f or the teacher of his chil:1ren ? . But then mxb year I sha ll not be my pres-=n t self . I sha ll be t hat other and greater me that I am r esolvd t o be C)me, and I shall never aga in be the roistering, slangy, irresponsible student t hat I am this year. I shall be serious and S:3vere. I shall have pur poses. I shall exercise cont rol, and have my own Perhaps work to do and not another's. I'd better begin now to be that other that teacher person. Let me get used to t he idea, and cultivate the manner. I know it wili hurt. I dred it- but ''the hetter is t he mortal e nemy of the merely good.' · I w ill begin at once. No more slang, no mor e silly and senseless laug hter, no more sligh t ing of lessons and trying to deceiv th e t eacher . I am t he teacher. Afredy I f eel in imagination the change complete. Good bye to 'g irlhood. H ow much I regret it ! B~t stay ! I am not · so sure but t hat I shall enjuy my new self better than my ol:L Off with tne old;. on w ith the new ! I AM qui te r es ig ned. Let the better BE the mortal enemy of the merely good.



1 m ust ancl w ill not desire t he a ba nciond good so long a::-: t here is t his present. be t ter to enj oy .

Philomat hean The Philomathean oc iety wishes to annou nce t.hat i ts o pen session meet ing wi ll be h e ld in t he c hape l, the last weeK of s chool. A mi sccllaneou program w ill be p r esented at that time . A most cordi a l invi t atio n is exte nded to eve ry one. Befo r e t h e ope n ing of t he s u mmer schoo l t hi s soc iety will place a bronze Plate, e ig h t by t e n inches in s ize , a nd bear ing a n ap ;>r o priate inscript ion, u pon t he la r ge s t on e w hich comme morates t he sp ot of the firs t co mme ncement e.:xerc ises of the P e ru Sta t e N orma l School. This ac ti on has long b een di scust and it now is a m a tte r of pride to know that it has b eel)b r o t t o this conclus ion. Friday evening , April 12 w e honord Japan b y presen t ing numbers " Ja pane sey" in c harac t er. Lelia Cour t ri g ht sang a cha rming litt le song of a lonely d oll fron1 t hat country, soj ourning in th is . F o llowing was a play, " The Flowe r of Y e dda ," g i ven by Verne Cha tela in, D elia L e therbury , Lura H e ndri cks and Edith Co rne ll. If a play may be ca ld dainty, this one was . A ll the speaking Was in rhyme; and the parts well interpre ted. B ecau se of t he Wayne-Peru debate , the p r ogram w as shor t . April 2 6 was the d ate of the next m eeting . At this time a mus ical and literary program wa s given. J osephine Rhod es and Gr a yce Te ich playd a piano · duet and we re har t ily encor ed. Mr. Maxcy r ead us a c utting from P eck's Bad Boy . Mr. Maxcy has much natural ability for this work, and his renditi on of thi s selecti on cald for th a g reat deal of enthusi asm. Mr. Wickl and a nd Miss Cornell sa ng a duet, ''0, That we two W er e Maying," in a pleas ing manner,

after which Mr. Nielsen read a humorous piece, " Since Mary' s J ind t he Club." A few of the Wesleyan base ball men were presen t and exprest a feeling of fellowship toward Peru. .:1-

Dramatic Club.

The March meeting of the club was postpond unt i I the Tuesday following spring vacation, as on the regular night so many members were out of town. Tuesday evening, April 12, the two farces, "A Blind At tachment" and " The Open Gate" were very cleverly g iven. On a ccount of the concert the April meeting was postpond until May 7, at which time " Engag in' Janet" and "The Trouble at Satter lees," two modern plays, were given. The annual play this year was ' 'Stronghart,'' a college drama. This was g iven the evening of May 11 in a very fitting and striking manner. That Miss · excellent Ruby Ferg uson is an t coach, was evidenced by he suecess of the play. Fysical Sci~nce Club. The Fysical Science Club met on the evening of April 15, and listend to a talk by Mr. William Roett ger on fotografy·. He gave a general hist orY of fotogr afy, maki ng mention of a few of the scientists who have contributed much to this art. He also showd quite a number of lantern slides illustrat ing various fases of his talk. The talk was most inter esting from star t to fi nish. The club will meet but once more t his semester, when Professor Hoyt will dir ect us a ll up t o the observatory to spend an eveni ng with the t elescope. In closing, the members of the club wish t o thank especia lly Professors Hen-



dr icks and H oyt, as well as several members who have ta!<en most acti v par ts, for ma k ing it possible for us to be pr ivilegd w ith these meetings, whicl1 have pro ven m )st beneficial as well as entertaining . Agricultur:!.

the absence of th e last two th e ir papers were read by Miss .J e we ll and M iss Bechinan. After this Mr. Dwyer , landscape gardner of Arbor L otlge estate, took us on an instructiv trip t h ru the barns, s ihouse, garde ns, and los, · green lawns of Ar bor L odge . T he fina l plOi)gram was he ld a t the statue in Mo rton Park at 4 :30. The excur s ion d is mist there at five o'clock.

Saturday, April 27, the agricultural people accompani ed by t he geografy Monday night, Apr il 29, the · Agri culstuden ts, took the ann ual Arbor Day ture Club had charge of t he pr ogr am of fi eld trip to Arbor lodge at Nebraska Genera l Science assoc ia ti on, a nd Mr. S im City. Forty-five students. under t he r ave t he club a most exc01l en t talk on leadersh ip of Mr. Weeks a nd Miss Mears, " How the United. States F eeds he r Li ve left Peru on the 7:20 train Saturday Stock. '' morn ing. Und er the direction of Mr. Erte l, manager of t he King Drill manuII 11 · fac t uring plant the students were shown t he complete operations f or the making · Senior Class. of farm machi nery, beg inning with t he drafting and modeling room, going thru The cast of t he seni or play, " If I Were the mold ing departmen t , w'ood depart- King, ., was invited t o g ive the dra ma in ment, for~es and assembling r ooms. To Tecumseh some time dur i ng May. H owtest a new pai r of scales a ll of the field ever it was not cons i derd exped ient to oarty were weig hed at once, weighing do so from many v iew p oints, so the play 5550 pounds. The King Falfa mills were wi ll be renderd onl y in Peru . This play next visited. H ere Mr. Sim gave t he wi ll b!! g iven in t he Normal chapel, party a thirty minute talk on stock . Wednesday evening, May 22 . Everyfoods, after which we started in with thing is progressing n ice ly and it is hopt baled alfalfa and fo llowd it thru the that every t hing w ill go off s moothly . fo ur story factory and saw it come out At senior chapel, May l, t he question , into a car billed for Birming ham, A la"Resolvd, That Rooseve lt should not )ama, redy f or shi pment. After a have offerd hi mself as a candidate for >hor t v isit to the castor factory a nd sh irt nom ination on the repub lican ticket," factory, the excursionists went to Arbor was debated by Beck, for the affir mati v, Godge where the comm ittee, composd of and Moyer for t he negati v . :v1iss Prochazta, Miss Beckman, Mi ss DarIt has been arrangd so that the P eruling, and Miss Wi lli ams, ser vd an excelvian will be redy for di stribution about !ent dinner on the Morton lawn. After !inner, the f ollowing Arbor Day pro- May 15. This issue will prov to be a gram was renderd: "Morton's Family," "grand old book." .\1:iss Mears. "Spirit of Arbor Day," The teacher s' bureau is certai nly a 'lev. A. J. H olli ngsworth ; "Lif e of J. busy department. Professor Delzell has )terling Mor ton," Miss L eather b ury; had hi s share of placing seni or s. P er•'Selection and Arrangement . of F low- haps because he is our a dv isor he has !rs," Mi ss Wa!ker; " Beautifying the been instrumental in obt a ining s uch j:!hool Grou nds," Miss Magnusson. In g ood places for the members of h is class.

Witb tb~ ~lass~s

THE NORMALITE A ycat· from nnw the mPmbers of ou r clas3 \\"ill he fini;.;hing- theit· first year of teachin~-r as alumni membe rs of the Nornl'll. It hanlly sc~ms p oS3ible that the two year.; here at P c r.J h<n-e flitted by so soon an .l t hat in a fe\\" \\"eeks we shall be C.Hlducling schoo ls of o::~ r O\\"n. It is th e n w e shall look back and long for the normal ~;ch ,>o l days to return again; but w0 have somclh ng to d o, a nd it is out· duly to g-o forlh a11LI g ive to the wor ld ~Pme lhinp: of wha t we ha\"e re ceivJ here . 1 w ,m ·le r how many will regret n >t h aY in ~ take n some activ part in school w ,>rk ot· ha\"ing fa ild to atte nd t ) ,:;ome seem ing-ly s lig:1t d u ty.

J u n io r Class.

The juni o rs were quite surpri sed in Chape l Mo nday morning , April 22, when each o n e was p resen ted with a carnation by th e sen iors , a s a toke n of their esT he express ion on each face t eem. show J t he ir appreciation of the gift. T he j un ior s numbe rcl among the list of d e bate r s in the inte r co llegiate debates. Chester Dar r ow we n t to K earney whi le Miss R e na K e i th d e bated here a~d he lpt · ' d estr vy " the Way n e d ebaters. These p eople d eserv spe~ i ~l credit for the -hard w ork they h ave put f or th in helping u s to w!n over our opponents in t he£e debates. Glasa chapel has been rather in teresting late ly for t he jun iors, as ma ny extra n umbers h ave b e n furn isht as an a m useme n t by var io us members of the class. T he c lass contains some very fine ,, 1 ,, cran <s on parl iamentary law, who sh ow t h e ir knowledge of these laws by appy ing th e m in the ir proper places when n eglected by others. One person, especia lly, prides h imself on a lways havi~g to sta r t things . Messr s . W ickland and Abr ams renderd a b eautiful duet on Wednesday, April


10, which was appreciated by all ~~o heard it .. l\Ii ss Lillian Russell , who is attending the Wesleyan Uni versity, visited over Sunday, April 28 with Mis3 Cecil Thornton. It has been tolrl. on a bunc}l of junior domestic science g irls that after clearing up the j un ior-senior banq:Iet on Saturday, Apri l 20, t hat each girl was allowd t invi te n ~ gentleman friend to have lunch \\·ith them in helping to eat up the " remains" of the banquet. The "remains" consist ed of coffee, sandwiches and oli\·es. One young lady seemd t o think there was so nnch of the "remains" left that she took adYantage of leap year by inviting two young men. It has been stated that a cer tain you!'lg man of the junior class is qui te an exper t in making up signs. such as "Wanted a wife " and " It l)ays to advertise." T h,e se hav~ been plast .on t he 0utside of this young man's wlndow- so j unior girls beware !

Miss Cynthia Gilbert returnd here to her school duties April 18, after making a \"isi t to her home in Creighton, Nebraska. She went home for the purpose of seei ng her brother whom she had not seen for eight years. He is the Ameri ca n vice consul f rom Nanking, China, a nd had returnd to America f or a short v is it whi le attending to business matters. Mi ss Darle Ta ylor:-M r . Tyson, you have been skipping Christ ian Endeavor too much lately. Mr . T.vson (looking rather down in t he mouth) :- I know I have, Miss Taylor, but you know the time is getting so short now. The schoo l year of 1912 is drawing to an end and each junior has already begun to look with reg!'et toward the parting with fri ends and classmates. We are making a hard effort to



keep all the juniors here aga in next year, and to bri ng in as many new ones as possi ble, that t he senior class may number 200 or more next year, and we fee l that our efforts wi II be successful. E ver y junior shows t he ri g ht spi ri t in making the best u se of .his opportuniti es while here in P eru, and we wish to ext end our harty and best wishes to those who expect to teach next year , but hope that they w ill feel it their duty to return to Peru sometime and comple te the course. "As the time is growing ~ hort, " as the president of t he class stated, he advises each to f oll ow in his f oot steps and take many and long fi eld excursions over Peru before go ing home.



Y. W. C. A.

Apr il 28, t he girls wh o attended th conierence at Cascade, Co lorado, last summer, carr ied out a most s uccessfu l a nd unique sceni c trip f rom P hi lo Hall to the seat of t he confe rence ~ind return. Miss J e we ll acted a s "ticket agent," Miss H il l as "condcutor ", M i!:is H a le, "porter ," Miss B lake, ''g u ide," a nd Miss Swanson '' Ove rseer '' for the r e turn tr ip. Ti ckets fo r t he tr ip were so ld at 20:0 p. m. at Phi lo H a ll a nd the t ra in left a t 2 :1 5. A f ew pe rsons mi st the tra in at 2:15, but the party k ind ly took t he m aboard at t he first stop .


II Peru 5 , T arkio 0 .

Peru, t wi ce col lege champions of N ebraska, opend tre seaso n by s)1utt ing out Tar ki o, 5 t o 0. Tar ki o had been bea ten by the State U ni vers ity the preceding day afte r ten innings, so if con 1parisons are al lowd, we might w in from N ebraska.

At t he North Central Territorial Y . W. C. A. Conference held in Lincon Cle ments was in the box fo r Peru and April 12-14, Peru had the second lar gest but four scatterd hits . B u t one allowd delegation at the conference outside of man reacht third. Lundy cau gh t a n exthe Lincoln schools. Our association was represented by the foll owing seven- cellent game. Withrow, Tarkio's catcht een g ir ls : Misses Arta Dra per, Ethe l er, showd a t errifii c whip a nd batted J ohnston, Elma Zinn, Verna Dillow, well. The Norma ls h it well and p layd Ruby the better game at a ll st ages. Claudia Gre iss, He len Greiss, Simpson, Ellen Bolejack, Dorothea Fuchs, Bessie Clover, Beatrice Blythe, The Norma ls los t t o t h e Aub urn Minks F r ieda Schultz, Mary Hill , Amy Baker, by a score of 9 to 3. · Sch ott p itcht a Merle Draper, Esther Clark, Frances good game but in a couple of innings he Blake. The conference was addrest by lackt suppor t. Peru p layd as good ba ll strong nati ona l and t erritor ia l secretaras Auburn, barring two innings. Score : ies. The meetings were inspiring and 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0- 3 · Peru he lpful t hruout. Miss Mary Hill , from Auburn 0 0 0 2 4 3 0 0 0--9 our de legation, gave a toast at the con· .;~f erence banquet on, " After Lights at Cascade, Colorado." Great good will Kearney 2, Peru 5 . accrue to the P eru Associati on, not a lone t h is year, but next year, because of the Kearney was a~ain defeat ed by Peru, attendance of so many g irls at thi s con- when C~emen ts won hi s uphill fig h t, f erence. April 25. Luck seemd to br eak ag ains+

THE NORMALITE P eru unlil t he s ixlh. after which it was all Pc1·u. Lundy hil like a demon, smashing the ba ll ve ry time up. Essert hi t we ll f o r the Ke arney N o rmals. core: Kearney 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0- 2 P eru 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 x- 5 Batteri es- Clements and Lundy . McClure and D e va l. W esleyao Wins.

Those Methodi s t s luggers won a hard hitt ing game fr o m t he Normals by a score of 9 to 2 . Wi ckh am was a bit unsteady, but pi t cht a good game. Lundy cut the thievs off at second with apparent ease . Sco r e: Wesleyan 0 1 0 0 0 3 3 0 2-9 Peru · 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0- 2 Batteri es- Wickham and Lundy. Chamb erlai n and Garey. Jl.

T he jun ior girls' basket ball team was presented a p enna n t fo r class champions h ip. Grimes, P eru ' s fast 100 yard dasher, was elected track captain. H. W . Shaver, captain of the foot ball tea m, wi ll coach t h e lads at West Point; S. L. Clemen ts, Per u ' s crack pi tcher, wi ll trai n t he A lli ance hig h schoo l boys; a nd M. P. Re nfro, stat· q ua r terback, will coach t h e· boys at Nebraska Mili tary Academy in 1912-1913 .

Formal announce ment of the marriage of Miss Fran ces Blake a nd Supt. J. E. Morgan, of Blooming ton, which takes p lace in J une, was made April 20. Pres. Hayes was absent for several days the second week of May attending to school affairs. A ll plans for the May Festival, which takes p lace May 23, are being put into oper~tio n wit h t he greatest ent husiasm.


Twenty eight entries were made for the tennis tournament th is year. Boys' and girls' singles and doubles and also mixt doubles are scheduled. The band concert, April 30, was excellent. The first par:t of the progra.m consisted of orchestral music by the Normal orchestra, whi le the second part was rendered by the band. Miss Ferguson's read ing was somet hing g rand to bear. Blaine Reed's cornet solo displayd what has been done in individual work here in Peru with band instruments. On Monday morning, Apr il 29, C. A. Anderson was presented with a gold medal, given by Su'p t. C. B. Moore of Osceola to the best debator of the Normal. Prof. F. C. Jean has been elected as a per manent member of the faculty to ~uc­ ceed Mr . E. S. Heath, who wil! contmue h is work at the univer sity. On Saturday, April 20, Professors De!zell Overholt Whitenack and their ' wives and also' Dean Rouse, attended the . , . L ' oln ThiS Schoolmasters' Banquet at me · was the evening cald ladies' night. ~t t of the Umthis meeting Dean Davenpor versity ofl ll inois gave an address on " . " Vocationa l E d uca t 10D. Professors Howie and Dun~ans?n attended a meeting of scientists m Lmcoln, May 3 and 4. Tennis seems to be the main feature of school for many. At all hours o.f the day t he courts are in use by enthusiasts. P eru won first place in the mile run at the Omaha track meet. As a result of thi s a s ilver trofy cup was brot home, Apri l 29. Rev. A. J. Hollingsworth addrest t he students at Chapel, Tuesday, May 7, on "Public Speaking." He pointed out p lainly the reason that students should take such work, fitt ing themselves for conversational public speaking.

Scco!rBd Annual May lFestnva AHernoon and Evening -

MAY 23? 1912

... Mr. David Bispham Bar itone

:\lr. P. C. Baltz T\:nor

).l adatn Lo u is e Onnsby-T h o n1p~on Sopr ano

Send orders for Reserved Seats- Season Tickets $1 to



Peru, Nebr.

Drs. Ha rajian & Vacek Resident Dentists Office over B urris

DR. B. L.


S tore

.. Residence Phone 12


Office Phone 27

Frontier Hotel

Reside nce P hone 6

European Plan NEBRASKA CITY, NEBR. Rooms-50c, 75c, $1. 00 Cafe in connection

Office over Rexall Store Phone 31 PERU



Joseph K repela Merchant Tailor S ee My New


/912 Spn"ng Samples

Suits a nd 0 '1-'e rcoa ts Cleaned and Pressed Sam e Da_v B rought, at Moderate pnces Suits cleaned a nd Pressed ( ~HOP

PHO NE :.411)

50th Anniversary Mil




Just a half century since Mr. Lewis Wessel which t oday is probably the oldest dry goods store in the state of N ebraska. In commoration of this event we are displaying the newast .u p-t o-date stock of any in Nebraska City. Give us a call when in the city we are sure to please you:·



Solicit the Accounts of Normal Students

Deposit your money with us for the school year and pay your bill11 by checks. You thus h ave a pl a ce of safety tor your m oney and you gain a val uable b u sine~ s experience in caring for your account. d"e""N




A Parting Word from theN. Jewelry Store



BUY YOUR PRESENT DURING THIS MONTH IN OUR STORE Watches Seal Pins Commencement will soon be here, it is N. S. N. Fobs Chains to be in May the month of flowers. A Souvenir Coat Chains Spoons new world in which you must make you Neck Chains Bracelets decision; the turning point of you life. Fountain Pens Spectacles Câ&#x20AC;˘Jff Buttons We are glad that we can meet you and Cut Glass Barr Pins now wish you God speed Be honest China ware Breast Pins with mankind truthful to your calling. Silverware C;J.ff Pins Hat Pins Candies Remember the blue and the white, a Locket Chains symbol of truth and peace, yea to sucFruits Lockets Salted Peanuts ceed in life the Blue and the White must Tie Holders School Supplies predominate in all your future actions. Thanking you for all your favors we Are Are The Best The Best are your friendAlways Always



Peru, Nebr.

Watchmaker and Jeweler

P eru Appreciates and solicits the trade of Norma l Students.

State Wm. Tynon, President C. R. Welden,


Vice President Cuhier

w. Kenv,


Bank Deposit your moaey here and check it out as you need it.

Profile for Peru State College Library

1911-1912 The Normalite - Issues 1-8  

1911-1912 newspaper issues 1-8 for now Peru State College, Peru, Nebraska

1911-1912 The Normalite - Issues 1-8  

1911-1912 newspaper issues 1-8 for now Peru State College, Peru, Nebraska