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BRANGfl GALlERY AT PERU

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810 Central A venue,

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MORR ISON~ DEA LER IN -

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arc co n, i JPrcJ perma nent unt i l o rd~r c.:l dis cont i nued Add r es~ all co mmunication to THEN R.IIAL C URIIR .

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w uld ao·ain un'·e facult lumni a nd th r ducators " h o ar interested t co ntribute "ithout waiting for th form alit) of a n itn itation.

Entered at th e Postof!icc at Pe~ u. N e b~ .• n s Second C/nss Mnil Matter.

ESTABLISHMENT.

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OUR srRI~b STDL~ ~g::ir:i~~.at ~(~

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Dru as, station Bru. T0il6t f\rti GIGS. Fun rlt ~~~ LM£60~I~~,£8~ s~~A~~rta k6F. PriGes Moderate.

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Dealer in Watches, Diamomls and Fine Jewelry, at rrices t hat Defy Gam petition.

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Gas Administered for Painless . . . . · · · · · · · · · · · ·Ex traction of Teeth. I

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pER U, N£BR

The Higher Law. SCHOOL DIRECTORY.

BY B. BEDELL.

PHILOMATHEAN. Socie ty eve r y Frida • eve n i n g- during- th sc hoo l ter ms at 7 o' clock . All students nrc co rdiall y in v it ed t o j o in u s in our lit erar y work esp ecia lly those of th e hi g her co ur se 0. P. PALSTIN~. Presid ent.

EVERETT SOC I ETY. Eve ry Frid ay cvc nin l! d ur i n ~ th e sc h oo l t erm s. New stude nts nre esPecially invited to j oin us in o ur li terar y w o rl<. R OilERT G IF FIN, Pres .

SLAVERY times, men like Charles IN Sumner, were accustomed to speak of a

'' Higher Law." It was true that our laws FRANCES M EA DE R, Pre sid ent. sustained slavery. The owners of sla\ es COI~PUS ELITUM . ma de the laws a~d of c_ourse could make Eve ry Fri day cvc n in ~ d urin g- H o li day s and spring- vncnllo n. ANNA M CCOY , President . the m to favor the ir own mte rests. Thus it I'Ro li TH E NORM AL MILITIA. was that slave-property, strong! y entrenched F. · D. DUN CAN SO N, 2d Li eut enant , Comma nd er of Cnd ets. in the bulwarks of law, see med to defy the ff t of its opposers; but these men talked Salutatory. ebor ts , ·hi a her law" that did not comp ort a ou a b with the ir laws, an.d that this ''hig her law" \12\E G P l ' l''f · ~ . '- .:. . .:. . w tt h pl e as ure o ur C ou RI ER was liable at any tltme, to assert itself and fncnds a t th e b cg- innin <Y of a new Ia y its heavy .pe na ~y upo n the neg-lectors of • school · b . trc . 1 ~c a r, yet und ertake our work wtth . A doh at last 1t came. Its terrible mutPicatJo n V' . tt 1 ~R l11or . · ' V e dcs trc to make the CouR· . n 1 d ' bee n hear d f or a long time. At · an ha e Inte r .. · . . h · te rmgs .1ab -st upon our g ut·1 ty 1an d m tl s eve r b cstJn g a nd tn struct1ve t an It th It Ul . g Ie n f iron a nd lead, atte nded w1th 1tts fcc n F I . d 1 e 1 btlr <l l' 1.. · ac u ty and fnen s av awful storm 0 d Th en .it was that man 1 cl~!1 c 11 t ' 1 1 ' ~clit \V l · w, In g· hand s to Ii crhten t he t orre n ts of b 00 • was sue h a tl111· l t'b as a Ql. i 1t h tl , ~ o f the d that there 1c tempo rary absence 0 111p 0 WELLINGTONIAN SOC IETY.

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"higher law," and t hat its p nalti ·s w th higher penalties.

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Yet the lesso n has nc d to I r ·p :at ·d, when men, like Senato r I nga ll s, tell us that in politics ther is no r m [ r th t •n c m mandments. w co ]) th •r . iss Jll (; cha n . [ )J' thes me n to lea rn from th · p ·na lti ·s th at the ''h ig he r law" has not y ·t b · ·n re p ·a l · l, nor has it ob rogated its Inc ·, nc r has it surrender d its claim upon th fi l' ·li ty of th is peo ple.

hw" and <' S ·;qH', no matl!T ,, h :tl his sla li in lif · may be . '1'111s . . now .1s m ·n·l)· .lntrrJdtlrl(ll . \ . to' rhat.r ' I s W<l ll t to sa)' in rc·uard t() tlw s tt1dy of lll ..... " hig h 'r l;:m;" in our pt1hli · srhoo ls. . . 'I' I. . . . ,. h J! rl1 r . 11s I S thv day lor JH, astln~· 0 ·-: tl 11n . s, I11· g 11 -r ' 1\'lllzati · · · · . l " lll 11 • on, hl t.:·hv r <· ll . . . ( Jl thC I11. Ill T rJllCI Slll, now \\ h \' 110 1tl S !S l _ " ll i · h •r Law?" TIH· Ia;,. th :tl p<'rt;llllS t · h.1g I1 ·r natun ·s ;tnd ('lllJnalC'S · f·1 J11. ,a lll hi ;:;,o-h • t· ·s UJ -cc l1an 1 . 1th< nt)· · lll <T(' lllllll :t ll Lu 1

o n . thin g w . may lw ass ure d th at ftll~~­ within the claims of the laws o f th · Ja n I, law. ls P •rf ·ctly impart ia l. it krw,r s . 11 0 . :1nd and escaped the courts, th ·n t h ·y co uld, r ·d class wh o m:t)' nc.,·lc ·t its c la tnl S " ..... with impun ity, grind fortun <.:s o ut of th · Y t csca1 ·. , -]li S I;L\\1 fl esh and blood of th eir fe ll ow ma n, a ll with o w let th e you 11 , - ] )(' t;uwht th,tt t if .. . . ... .-.. . . I th <Lt pe rfec t safety to th cms ·lv<.:s ; but a ll at on e · . Jlle.rs rntc th c tr cv :ry da y jrl(' , a n<(1p1 th ·y find themselves nve lop ccl in calam iti ·s 't 1 · I r I · ·r et · ' 11 , C \ '( '11 111 Lh (' most S<' · 11. b which th ey ca n n ·ithcr a ve rt no r av id. n ·r tl1 · . . 1 · Let 11. • c.: P 11 cL l )' 1s s u rc 1o co 111 c . .rei)' Strikes and finan cial I an ics a rc a 1 a rt of r ' lll c mbu- · I that t his ,· s I·L\\' ·u1< l no t Jll C ·1 !1 . . . ( ' ]11 t th ·se penalties.' Th e '' hig he r law" has b · ·n ~ 0 1 a lvtcc . I t ha s IH'na ltiC's that n ~ dc.l violated and these arc th e [JCna l conse- can \va rd off no r ·s ·a p e . T h is n o w s a,S quences, in part. be mace I a rcp· ubr st ud)· as 111L1 ch so .1sc .l ·':> c.; So on the othe r ha nd o pe ratives in the a n t 1m eti c and :rram ma r, o r anyt hrn b£ our mills and fac tori es have lived in almost total 111 th e wh ole c urri c ulum 111 a nY o · 0£ ig norance or disregard of thi s ''hig he r law" sc hoo ls. 1~ 1 . a nd as a partial resul t th ey are in wa nt and 11 s lac ,v 1 · t l1 e 11 c::~." rts · · ' o nce e nth ro nc < 1n ·ifl.ctS :;> wretched ness, and ove rlook ing their ow n . th e p eo p 1e from th c.: ir ea rly yo u th ' btJLib J'C 1• responsibility in th e matter, turn for reve nge the re medy for a ll poli t ica l t ri c ke ry, lJo vVel upon their employers a nd with a blin d dis- robbe r y, th e d o minat io n of the rumv~;< uS· regard to the exte nt of the inj ur y that may a nd th e ma ny ill s that now so so re lY 1 eJ1ce , Tl W1 fa ll upon the in nocent and helpless strike le re a re t wo di st in ct so urces }1LIJ11a..' fearful blows that fall with g reatest forc e w~ may learn thi s ''hi g h e r law"- tb e upon the heads of their own wives a nd chil - sc te nce a nd th e B ib l t tO e. fj jc 11 f dren. So here again the claims of the T hi s . fact a lo ne wo ul d b e su f c Jrse o " higher law" a re vin dicated. place the Bib le into th e reo·ul ar collt Ja.. I1 cl S· . There are millions today who a re s uffer- stud y in eve r y . .1 . 1 l;:,ool in GL d tl1 e C1V I I ZeC SC 1 ::~.11 J) Th · · us c · mg the penalties of th is broke n law, me n in e cn s1s of th e wo rl d is up o n d for a.. palaces and men in hovels, wealthies t capi- soo ne r we act, th e b e tte r fo r us GL I1 talists and wretched po ve rty-stricke n ope ra---------of tl1Jf tives, who know not whe nce the stro ke has J. A lle n W n h as SJJe nt a p.GL rcrt ]11-111se come. And yet the y ought to have know n s umme r vaca t·arre . nn~ 10 n 111 P e ru p re pa that no one can trample upon the "h ighe r f or the S~ ta te U . . .. ' nive rs ity.

M n have thou :rht that if th ·y ha v · k ·pt

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4 ~ d gav · him lom ini o n ovn tl w ·arth and h · called hi ms ·If LIH: Lord of Creati on. " T he ·t -rminati n of th · m atc ri ~tl to on e form of stru ct ure nth -r th a n a noth T impli es disc riminating, in te llig ·nc · and ·xc·cuti vc will, but it is not in th · c ·]] o r the crystal form ation. The atoms d not rn w · a nd arrange themse lves by any intc lli g e nc ·or choice of th ·ir ow n. I nt ·llig c nc · is a n a tti tude belong to being and th · B ;ing w hi ch acts in all organisms is th e 1\ ltJh a a nd Om ga, the Omn iprese nt lk ing . I sometimes think that th · ea rt h a nd the worlds are a kind of ne rvo us ga ng li a in an organi sm of whi ch we ca n fo rm no co nce ption, less eve n than that so litt l · !·n ow ! ·dg-<.: have we of nature's mar ve lous to uch ·s. If one of th g lol ul ·s of I lood tha t circ ulates in our ve ins was mag nifi ed · nou .~-h times we mig ht sc. ·a g·lob · t urn in g with lif : and energy, so g r at is th e pow T g i v ·n to nature and such is thi s ea rth of o urs co ursing in the ve ins of th e infinite.

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Orators of America. JJY D . EI. LTOTT 1\ f AR '/'1 .\f .

(, (iCm RAT ORY li ke satire is fed by t he \::/ vices and misfort\11: es of soc iety. " When the moral and poli tical darkn ess is th ickest, it shines forth in g rea tes t sp le ndo r The most thrill ing passag<.:s in t he an nals of eloquence were mad e und e r s uch circum _ stances. . It is a signi n~any coincide nce tha t whil e (Jreecc was_ ac hiCVlll g _the fa n: o us v ictori es of the P~ rstan campa1g n; whJ] · a ll affa irs both fo reig n and domestic, wc ~c prospc rou ~' the eloquence of Athens was In its infa nc ' B_ut when the Athenian cha racte r anc] c~~ pt r~ had su nk to th e lowest p0int of cleo· ra _ clat1on, and the bravest son s of C r"c l ~ ;-.,) · '- 'C 11V a Iry chafed und er the yoke of a Maccclo · c 111 a n tyrant, tI1ere ca me the dawn of a n clo · q Ll< such as the wo rl d has never Since.: kno ·ncc wn. The immortal Demosthcnes the arena a nd maintained his spra n.s::· in to Position so

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. no-r I . , rctir m 'nt ft m . ~ . liJ)S \r:l. up n 1t. I , ·I . d \\'i th th, i_ II 'I' . , , \\' lwn 1l . , . 111 t 1~ tn J, ·L . , . , \\" l. no t :1 t 1r;. C) , cY i n ~ wnrd:=;, tiH_I,t • , . , •I f .. J like an lcl . t ~ . ·d thr u<:- h brak I ., wlw k au d H. n t . t 1 I r hl'l' ll c ut. . i ha th a t ha. o n ~ I . · r di:tant pi a u: a n . . . k 1 ramhl, an _c. t _ ·lf t hi a n te nt \all _t , \Il l · ·t ret urn l'd lllmst_ \n I ,. ·t th, nl e :tt ,\S . I dt . . . . . . I ),,·n ,t nt I · h 1111 t · 1· , re b rktt1 v· ,. . t m a) . . ·t\· pn'Jlll I <. :1 . . cr ·onal ma·ur: nl 1- ,Ill, , blood -ho un ds f_p I c rn lwds and t H. . . - ;~t m . tht at. . . . , ·umt n g ' . ]I " \i ,rnt t \. ·11 • , ·r ,,- ' r dt t . ~ 1· f · them a. 1 nl · :tnd <. l ' ) · no-r . tl C . . '). ~ I '- t \. · _. t ' rill Jn \\ ' It·:--! · ,,.·tth him tn · 1 U l' Ill ,.... ., . -r S. · · · · J ' 1th r 't to I ir jltttmo ,. . nn l' "·ho . b t \\'::t. th at w Calhou n. . 1 . -otn . . . Jn . . . ·t " . 1 <. ) • h _n ullt 1t 1 • • · c · It I ~ ~ ' . • 1 I ;1 1 I ' . \Ytth 1 11 . 't 1'1 11 ell • 1d . I ' ll L C l , . I ' Or up 111 . I 'l'·1II. L'r , t .11_. 1'1· , th l' fr c tfu I~ . I beaut , 1 hatt 1 ... )crson, . • h;l\d~ cl~ll rh at it \\"\.' n_~t I y d h' 1'1 \' Ct t _d I. . 1..' \' ld nt I It·s h ' 'tr tIs. I. fI • tcel by hJ . ·LCl l . tlwt :tttra . Hl :~s ,r ith l OO ...! ti c htlr co m. .th e me ,,· t !ll··r 1. ''lttc ntlburn' .tng. ' )-, . . antd 1.th ::-I11. . _ \ . h · \\'J t lll_ bl scrntot s to bri llta nt. . )rcss ·d lq . , ir )· ;Lnd ntml . cl. ted wi th th e l ·I · ;un ' as . ' ·1 1, .fa c · t :--0 1 Ht· s mo.st " ·o t c . I ht s " 1 I uc ncc. . t nI11.s. lij>· .:-~ nt ( I1.1. o,,·n c Of1 a n .1n te·nse ca . to 0 5 l. ,·in , fn·<' t ' ri stic " ·a. ' ft I ·d him tI I h;Hll , that o I 1 , se n tn ar kct I ' chcmc n c, I cat up "'1 0 , ·s ;) ilL bl , a nc ' . · cstn s . . I· ·t sy ll:t c: I . c nun ctation. 1 15 b1·tc fi . ·tl1c t· ury.- o± 1 , j)ublt· c men te n , I ll I rd to filn cj t\\. 0 li c~l ll y t:! 'ff l tIt " -otd :l b: l ~~istory moCrcl a~y~~n d Calh oun. · tton• 1 ' 1 Calh oun · roin o ur n,t esc same t' I ') olish ' C ' . , Th e - tha n th . ·oli S an <. I .· li cti\'C. c~l t - ,·lls cout tel te rr ibl y 'ill: ·r thru st ; the L l<t) ' I ]lilt ~tn<._ I J·c· c n rap iC I· , s1cd ue " li crcc_. .>tl you \\' I t l a "lown \\'1·rh t· C· T h , one ] - ,cJ you t · o·ia nt. 1 ,1 I. . ·t IL\C l 11s I J.;:n oc . . c . d in ;l\11a n "" -1 ·t· smas tcc scco n<. . of a Sctt ll ll il ·. the ot 1C 'lS more c:t · 1 a st (_~ \ a )' w.. . h<l ill tn l ·o tl wtt 1 '· . 1n short , 1 '01'ard I S .. bbct ) . ,·n. __·· lth y t . · stet . 1 a ft O' . the stc.l . 1\Toun tatn l · st as 1' cl·) · · )·o u wtt .i c·tt·cd Jll · t11·1n tlt c , o ~ . 1. n1l)ul stve, to ]Jc I. ntl'c rott S Cl ~y ,,·;lS poeti c,) Ji o·htnin g Jll ~rc c a '\ \ hil c . '5 of ,\ it a nl\'<:1 )'~ dir::ct z))' · ·· tt ton. ··ts a ' 1 j-c .s·n z. f coru s~c .. C tlh oun :' '(1: fo n varc1 I ... . it d1 o . of J:\.nc), . es t m ov in .~ . , " from one Jb sh~ s sc i)' ca t n.' . w machJ11 C, total ·was ;tnd ,nl t::)\~·s caJcuttt~~iJ the su llll ·cl L ytton, J)-llJ J <l:-thc r, ut ·cl of .,or < a no l c wo t . . point to To usc t 1 -f these mcu . , 1vccl. --15 n o to ne 0 C' o <

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.. . . th< . tlllH . . . of Ch:lrl<-mag"l~C <:r says,' 'that Sine< I licrurc Jll I I t I ( S ll · J1 ·1 • •T: ll H t le n· 1as no J('<·n · ' .-.. . ·I .,-,·ul ] >l<>l.· I lhnJs1 SL: " I a ll Chri stcnc om . an.< a ' · . i stoo~I . 1](), . I . I . I ) "111 Slll< SCC !Il .~ li S JUSt 111 a ~()Ill, · . it fo r th e lwad of Jup!lor. .1n dJ<.l · tlw .Ill. , T he \"ast massJ\·c·nr·ss 11 f J I< . · · ·ssJ \ t · 11 1 111 m ch to make·. h1s words ~1' '.; 1j the fo ~·cc urge- d ho i.n c h1s :trg-t im~·nts '' Ith' 1 I<· c:trrr cd of an an c!('nt R oman ( :tt:q >til l. ·I t s upoi1 . ds a nd IIr,t..:"(·d I11s . . t l1.011 ·':'. ° 1 .,]l ys .icCl . I lll <'n 's lllJn th C' m with immc ·ns< · cti JTr· nt o l hi s I .1.nPt h. . .. · \ T s ll _...., · n e r.~y IJ 1. s sty le·, ], y 1t. s nLtss J . ·n lro!l 1 r< ' lll l!. HIl' l I 011(; 1)1. t I1<' s I1:1It ·s h<" ~r·l 1,. th e g- ranite hill of hi s Ila ti,·c s t:tt< ·.' 0 m 11, oil .I):t SJs .· o l. Iu.s .Jilt <·IIc·n \\·:ts ·"til !til<·tor .Jcl< . Jl 1 1 co mm on -sc·nsc ·. I I <· was no t '· 1 .r . 1< l>ril 11.<t11 t like E nT<-tl, ll ' >r \\·as lw a lwtt} ~ 1.1 C' l ·ttl \( ;. . ay.. . . . . it \\";!S Jlc f C 1ant li ke as \\·as h1 s Jnt<- ll c' l . 1111 ]l1 s 0 ura ll y s lt1 .~·gi s h and I"C '<Jl li rl' d t h e s t. 11 cc< s i 0~1t. I · s t or :t nwm <: Jl tC)li :. S a g reat anta~·onJ 1)11t .l ~o c.a ll in to .l ife h is <.l c.>rm;uJ t J?C~ \\·c 1~]J c [irt ~ It cl 1<.l t~tk c It a l o n ~· Lilll l" t r> l1 .~ h t . t h C) .111 I11 .s vast .Jntcllcctua . I [.til "Jl"tCCS, ' , c1 . cclll' I I . I1 ]nO ]JOI"t lo . na I f LI 1·;· ,ll 1JJ ] ~tC· >urn cc WJt s· u med the hard' ·st s ul JSt;In cc ·In the s "' ;<th t·h" cH c cl 1d not cla rt to co n c l u s J (~!l . , c<tg l ._ sw 1.f.t a ncl read y d isce rnm e nt o f th e, , IOr!!"I 'yc cl C lay, butacl va nc(' cl Jn · 111· s. hca\) ' .. ]1' ·1-c ,J I . . )OSC, ca march a nd dJrcc tnc ss ot J>ll 1] . rin CI·bjl.;. . ·t C . n, close, f1rm an c]JJl\ ac.:sa rca n lcg-1o l. l"sts Ofc ll . • ro]1 alo ng- 11. kc t-]l (; . ) Cl< <• · t)' '~J v 1s se nte nces e tr ump et o n th e ni u· ht a ir ; th ose of ·1n so Jl,1 1.1 I I . .., . . f "l f1 n c• ' ! C111 I (e t 1c ec 10 Jn <r t o nes o1 an OJ~e ll ;-., l. D o ubt less C·ct . 1,0 111 J111~. 1 Uc~l' a nc1.e'nt cath edra I cl 1a a mot-e ac ute.: a nd m e ta p I1 Y·SJCc:.l fc c cf' cou ld Svveep th e st rin o·s of popu l<ll te l' s~l.::>1 · ... . , n w ith a g rea · n c oJ1-cl 1 o r c .rvrn e pu bl 1·c O!) i11 io 1 . . . f -ce , 1 a, J ac 1ty, b~1t rn shee r 111 tc ll ec t ua l 0 .1 th<tt : , pre he ns.rve ness of visio n a nd 111 c Ju S 10 11 I?g 1.c w l11c . J1 1Ink . s co nclu s'ion to coCcdh n . ulc1(' 0 lrke a c ha in of iro n, n e ith e r C ia Y· t hat eV H e nry o r a ny oth e r Am c rr ca n cbste '· hve d, was th e eq ua l of Dant c l vV

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As it was the eloqu ence of 1\lcxand.c r Hamilton that establi shed our nat ion a l po l.Jtical system, so it was the O rJ.to r~ of Danwl Webster that defe nded a nd saved 1t. \Vh c n the federa l cons tituti on, the produ ct of so mu ch toil a nd labo r was me nacc·d l>y th null ifiers of Sou th Caro li na, he was the Oil<" who sprang to the resc ue. Tt was 0 11 s uch occasions, when g reat pu iJli c inte rests we re at ,stake, that thc fu ll we ig ht o f hi s intc ll ec t was broug ht into play. When fee bler me n ned for she lter from the tempest, he ex ulting ly faced thc furic:s of the elements, with all hi s fac ul ti<' s on the alert. Whe n th e thund ers of nt!llifi cat ion muttered in the distan ce, he ca l m ! y watched the onco ming storm . W he n it burst, h·· bared his head to the bolts, a nd like: th" traditi onal mammoth, shoo k th e m off as th ey fe ll. H e was calm but it was not the, calmness of in diffe rence. It was rathe r t h" repose of consaious po we r. It was thn hush that precedes the sto rm. The li on had been wake ned but the sou th had not yet heard his roar no r felt hi s cb ws. H e had long ago a nswe red in hi s ow n mind th e fa ll ac ies of nullifi catio n. Lik e a \Var horse he vve lcomcd the onset o f the e n e my with a stern, impatie nt joy. H e made no undu e disp lay but whe n th e occas ion came he rose to mee t it. Ju st as A le xa nder the Great slept on th e eve of th e battle of Arbela and awo ke th e nex t day to deeds of re nown, so W e bste r re pelled H ay ne's attack on New Eng land with crushing fo rce. A defeat so t e rnbie was neve r kn ow n be fore In all history, with o ne excep tio'n- tha t was whe n th e a rch-angel d ro,·e S ata n fro ih heave n_ Webster said to hil11 se lf o n tl . occas ron, ' ·all that I had eve - - l l )]I S . history . t1 0t1·g·1. t or acted, lll inc law ·1 l eclC, .t . · unro 1led befo ' re l11e, · In 1I1 eraturc po 11t1cs . ' 111 Tl . Was eas;r 111"f or o- OWJ no· a rama. 1en It <::> I}anI t l1un d er b o1t to reach · outc and1 ·ra wa ntec . .a --- ·- --- - ·:N a. tl. o-1f1'·' we ntsmokingby. " g sp It as 1t th e pa.I Pr-of. A _ W _ No rt o n att e ncl e r1hb"rY t re d! Nature had indeed set he _ 1 f 0 al Ed uca ti o na l A s soc iati o n at As ,d Ie:Jer . "bl . t sea o oreat 0 ness VIS ! y on this 111an rfl I bp N. ] . , clui-in g th e s umm e r c • 1eoc ore ark- throu g h Neb ras ka cluring th e th e s umm er. L

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\\"JII•d hi-. 11.\llll' with ' ' I Ill \I< '"' ' I'J tc n :t \1 at ''~'•· ·· tit•· tir,· llnru•·d hltll': tc l·t 111 . l\11)! 11, ' JI ll :u zt,•:-. turn t·d t h.1t ,·ul• 11 • "lru · or . ll J;c for h •. ctil tg· lilktl till' atr . . I . . ,, , »t.htt 1' !'h . nt y..,t,•rllllt-. p r,•:-.,·z t n• l t~: 1 ~: · • c It II(\ . I . . ··u . }.r . nl g· tl h •>t t r w a-. dz·;, wzug ll< • ) h c· trt 1 <\ f C;t r' t ' '"'Ll LL ,..( :ut d h ig·h wz. l Il f 1··t' r . · Ult t . C<lt t )d n o t (tl JilJll"dt Clll l, \V; ( it \ I 1 t A. ~ 11 t.: c 1 l" <'a t It ~e .., .., fo r t h e .: n < · '" . llcl c n · J .1 I r oo nt . ... h c tz 1 c z·,· p t t ltro tt• ' h t tc l>' l Clc, 'l.t ~t.:, '"' \"l rk tozn · . l.! ill t.: cl :L br,· ;Lt h f r n zzt ,.,0 111 1' ' ' A »cli nt \· . ) ·· td ' \ >; i,1 t l - e y~ ,., :1 n <l h o w ~ <l zz t.\ 1t: • A 1 (! l)t• . I' ' \tt cl 1. ' " ' n c.: n f tit~ dc :Ll . 1 ~··~ti]J • , 1 I Il l( <l zt\ .v h c anl t l 11, t··1iu. b ~•.t(' n. <<, • , c .t l z11 ,,._,. •o~ g·;LJ. \t ,; l lilY \\"\. \\ ( 1l1\,. 1, '. LJJt:· \•· 1 'V l (! \ J \ 1\ . • lt(j 1,. CX( l (\;u·c d lo \i ft 111\" CY<' >', A "(! Itt " . . . .· . , . ' \ t;q \ J •Ln t;L/.C lltCU\. a u c\ >' lll"Jil t:-.t:. 1\. 1l tt b' ''" hi t t.:, f o r11z >; l oud s ·zkn t I ~, · ':\.' • ~ 11 t •1t . ,I 1t:! t11 l.Jt · " ll~t z·k, c o ld g·a ze o zt ut~: . l-1.~ •, " Pi 11 .,. l11•"'r T 1Oo I''' (\ wit. lt p ;t I.tn g· c· !Jc e k , .!:1g , -Ve t ct.1C; Il\zn . , · to lt c art·t· :-.t . 1e ak . '!'· · ~ tt. \VI. tlt . . ..., . •,'llt t11 ,. d llltg· Jt t y sc ) f CO IJ\1\\ .Z il (\ , .l:t· · g 11t y t 1· f ·I .(\ .h zt l; t . c W1l ltin nz y h a zll, ,, C:fCi t·e tl 0_h,d c zn y f c :u · if I cu uld , \> \•lt t ' . . II \" Cl tlt 11. c z·nb lc tlzin g- I ,; t oot· tru e , 'Vh •Lltt c ,, I t. 11 z11 e \"'V 1 Y ·• Whi ..s ilc r c d ' "0 11 e 'L\ It T f . • t~· l o :tt·c •LV o r c (\ t htl !; by yo u ? . ·Itt . n· t ·11 r o u ,.· ]t tl 1e ut g •z,l\] 1· tl rr · YO tt \\..'l n c\ e nn ' h " ltln o . " "'. ?" f... 11q c ~Pe Ce tti: h e arts with fnght · . cto r ~~ 1 '''!;> 111 11 1. . · 0 W i y r: tisc d its h e ac' l!'c 'LJ e ·t · 1 ''l'· <l t 11 " C <.t.cce n ts !;aiel: ' I>; ' Ot , 11 . . , 0 tll s h :tl\ YOU b e ttcle, •,... Ccc~ '- res . Cl7' st . . I" 'IJ'e } -7'!•• •Ln cltn g· at y o ur s zd c · '•il,.<lt: 1ll k l T Cri ccl in ft·e s h a larut, " tc 1, n c . . '\\v YG 11 i:l l Q " n o t w hat o f h a ntt. , A CIJt 0 11 C Wlt o,.;e v e t· y n az n e '\t "''":i' , .: • 1e? 1 Cl tt i:lg· t' c t Ct { 1 t o r w h e t·e y o u c;:l.1I . 7 •z, Q Cl tc 0 1 ' Ql, 11 '" tl1 n c Wlt o " · 1·ote this b oo ' · < 111 0sc 1 , . Jd 1! 11Cl, t c~pe z· ate ptrates t oo ,, .>G u Wo n :yaur g; \ o r)',

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Rou 1 ~ 11

to u g- ue ' · u d C;csar learn ed whe II I1'-. \\. as YOllll "" 1\ hat " zt th.: n all h is r e plie · t . . -· ,,. . ;; 0 111 ere 111 th a t \a n guagce t oo . _ l' f . ' on , ee , ,nt • • , om e f ew fr·tenc. I s n11. •dtl ' fail ~ t thi;; lt"ttl c t a Ie " lo follow th ro ll'd '

,

1' 1 .\1 , 1.

'rt lC lltg-h( · \\;~-o c\. \ rk. th t•

.~at ~he

1 c storY ,., ·~x;:;ar . tell me ·v o ttr l"f ;;. e ar n e nd - . . Of cou r:::c t he:::e w o r d , d .f ·. I n that la n ••wt •'·' 10 . "' ' ::- ~ n g ;;utce dead "·'' ere satd

cann~

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l th·Ot·l).!·h t it be:>t t o use in;;t ea d

~o

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.\ h v tu g" \anguag·c f o r th e d e·dt , Cx,;a r. wrapped in ,..,•'ho "·tl·)· s te ~ at cltH\"11. a n cl T "' c·lt ~·•tl tzs . f eet : " b c f ore 1.-l-ed .\ nil all til\'· q ncs· tio 11 ·, .'.;;, . · · Jl c a n 5we rctl. Y es and t o le! me more ' . ··~y n a me ' " C:c ,; a r. g·entle f r ie nd ']'he uoo k you ho lll is o ne I pen ned·. \\" ilh iU it,; pag·e,; yo n haYe r..:ad \f nt:t llY t hi ng·s I did and said :;:,.._" 11 c, )f IJ;tt tles fo ng·h t and yid o ri es n·~ z· · e 1 Jf s \\·orcls a nd spe ars w it h li k ulood stai ned

hd•I~<'

bOO; It With; n a day . ' t\ f hi g- h ,nOtl tttl>' nt:td e of ~)rush a nd dav. 1Tow to\\·cr,; a ,; if hy 1n agic rose · 'l'o till with (\rea d 11\)' direst foes, l{o\\· to wn s \\·e re burned a nd nt e n were slain,

\If

And 1:1_\" in heap::: u po n t he plai n . Bnt you have he a rd all this before, Yo u· ,.,. ren<l t h is story o'e r a nd o'er , .Anti if you " ·ish , 1"11 tell t o you S c)Jil e storit?:-i t h at will prov e quite new." \\' it h eag-e r ca rs I ,;at a nd li st e n ed , W hile the old wa rri o r 's da rk eyes g li:::tened hC reca lled t hose g lori ous days Wh<d• bcong i•t to h in> both biam< aud poi" · ']'h e n ,,·ith a ,.,ni le wh ose winniu g g ra ce Li '.-t ted t he brav e old R oznau's face, 1 II; told nte t he taJe I t ell t o yo n , ,\ ntl e ,·e r )' ,,·ord. he said, was true. •· ']'he pira t es tha.t yo n ns ked a b ou t Did cat c h ut e ozt ce w he n I was out

\ ,; 1

~e~•r a n island itt t h e S ea, ]lut Ji ftY t,d e n ts ,;e t nt e f ree . ']' he \" l ittl e \{l tcW th e pri7.e th ey l os t, g-ained tha t "''"It h at feaclo l ooot. . } -1·t' I crossed ag;:t zn th e ttde, 0 n CO.: 1 I j\ ud e ve r)' pintte c ru c ifi ed!" said I, •'flad yo n no so rrow \Vhe yo u rczn ezn on the 11 'fh e lh'es you t ook 111 dre;:tdfnl paz n , 'fh' you oonld Ml again ? I-Ia.d yo u 11 0 pity th e d e ad?" . , """ tl«"' ttoe" deeorto," h< ,a•d 1 " 'flter e is 111 ore t h a t I would kn ow; I 've read your so lcli c rs l oved so. •re tltne ]loW th eY th e zr !lo•V ooU!d t h<Y t h" ,. • ator P'ov<?

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c~cs;:tr,"

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b~red

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sl~owed

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~'"' u obl< J<O "'"" wath<d a ,.gh J\ Ild qui cldY 111 ;:tde zne t h lS reply:

"l'<!Y ,otdi'"' •fi"Y wo<'' bra•' aud t n"•


8

Tl-JE N ORMAL COURIE As they l ov ed me, I l ov ed t hem tool I kn ew my ca ptain s a ll by na me. Th ey al wa ys s ha red in Cccs a r's fam e. Cassius S cae va, a vall ia n t o ne, I n t he fi g ht at Dy rrac h r ie m W as pierced by a n a rro w th ro' t he e y e, A s pear tra ns fi xed h is s houlder and t h ig l1 , A nd on h is s hi elds rece ived t he blows , f ma ny m i . iles sent by f oes. He ca lled the e ne1ny to him t hen , A nd when a pproached by t wo b ra ve me n , Wit h word he put t hern both to fli g- h t, And himself esca ped f r om t he bloody fi g h t ! Anot he r , A ciliu s by n a me, Always j ea lous fo r rny fa me, I n a fa 1uo us ba t tle on t he sea Boarded t he e ne my's s hi p, a nd he L os t h is rig-h t ha nd in t he f r ay An d d rove th e e ne my a ll a w a y . A nd g rasp ing hi s s h ield wi th a deat h like g ri p, Obtain ed possession of t he s hi p! Th e voice ceased spea k ing ; I lis te n ed in v a in, And hea rd but th e d r ip a nd t he s pl a s h of t h e r ai n . I looked in v a in fo r t h'e g host in t he c h a ir, It had f aded a way into e rnpty a ir , An d ne ve r again w ill I see or hea r T he sta tely spectre of Cccsa r , I fea r.

Idah o. BY S. BAUG H MAN .

Class of '93·

J DAHO

is an Indian word a nd means " Gem of. th e Mo untain. " .The ~e rritory was created 111 1863 and admitted Into th e union · in r 8go. T he state is alm ost surrounded by mountains with ma ny cross ranges interve nin g. T he surface co nsists of valleys, table lands, a nd mountai;1s. Gold was cliscoverec in r 86o a nd sin ce then ~ steady ti de of immig rati on has bee n fl owI n~ .hither. Agri culture, stoc k-ra ising, and m1nmg are the principal industri es a nd th e man who ca me here a few years ag o with on ly a fe,~ dollars in his pocket can now b~ast of hi s thousands. T hi s however appl ies only to th ose who have used eco nomy. Tn no place that I have yet been d o people care less fo r money than in Idaho, a nd 111 no place is Iabo.r better paid, bein g 2 5 to roo per cent. hig her than in N ebraska or many of the eas tern states. The limited number of railroads, howe v-

THE

r, has ra th r ch · k · I t hC' 110m ·s · ·k.d wh is I a th t I · is latcd from th e ut I wo rld. Th · num -r tis mou nt;u· ns. r .11 I r1 th l ui ld ing- f ra ilroa Is a cI .Il-l1 ~u It t'tsl· : · ant th . as a r suit fr ·ig-ht mu s t lw 'a rr w l Jilt int ri or n wa · ns a n 1 in so m · pla c ·s th backs f a ni ma ls. T h cli ma t · \ a ri 'S in b in ,o- mil l in th · ,·a ll c·ys, coo l CI I~ . Th· l~n cls, a nd c lcJ o n tht · nH.>Ull uun s: ,5 th at n1 hts a r a lways c ol. l t 1s th e 111 111 . , , 15 fi rst a ttract cl ~ltt ' nti n, h ut S? .. 11 0 . 1t ul d li I foun d tha t fa rm1n ,. a nd s toc k-r;:l iSlll,-, b e .ca rn.e d on s ucc ·ssf ul J y. Jt .IS a ·sJJl • . nbut fnut country; th is fa t has. ho wey ~~h r n lately be n cliscov ' r · 1. I n t h · 11 . 1 t to t f tl . I 11 par o 1e sta t · t 1 • rc.u nfa 1. s s. u rn c 1 •·tn th · In su re a cro1 , I ut in the so ut hc·rn p·u ·r is la nd m ust I c irr icra t ·cl· thi s h O \\" . , ' 111 S ' mo un ' ta in · ·O st rnlY ·a a · no_t ~d ·i ffi c u l t tas k,;-,as the: h llnish a n a bun da nce oi wate r. . [flb f w yea rs ago stock-ra is in g- b ro ug ht ;'~, ,a ul o us retu rns a nd so m w ho less t 1G enyea rs ago we re se r va nt~ of o the r me n,! are g ag ed in thi s b ra nch of b us i n ·ss a nc now wo rth ha lf a milli o n d o ll a rs. . w te ; . Go ld is foun d in ma ny ]Ja rts of thi S 5dant· " . n a rc a lso a b un long SIIVer, coppe r a nd Jro It IS · sa1·d th a t t he re is g·o lcl c n o u ~o·h at t O the Sna ke R !vc r, we re i't a ll ta k n °~J~cer P~y th e nati ona l de b t. N ume rous 1t the 111 Ines a re found a lon o- th is r ive r, ]~ ul cii£g old fi ,..., I ·w it 1 s . Is so 1ne th at it is save d o n Y . 111 ine ficulty. The re a re num e rous 1 lac e ' q uart' In.the state a nd a lso a num be r .of . that 1111.n: s. ItI· S ~ ! a i m ed b y e x pe rt 1111 nc1s'There 111Ining he re IS ye t in its in fa ncY: . -vie•'' 1 a re . a n 1ntC. . ma ny g o 1c1 see ke rs, a nd 111 coun t 1·y With so me of th e m I fi ncl t ha t the . cted· has not yet bee n th o rotw hl y state In so m 0 f. 1 · . ·:. f t 1e · o e . t 1c In te n o r rcg 10 ns 0 a,yiJ1 o th~re a re Without d o ubt ma ny goo d P 1111nes yet undi scove red . sc ene_rY;. I In pleasu re, hea lth re so rts , a nd . h;;l ntii1o The e nc aJ· est~ bdaho d oes not lac !, c ,, 111 " I o f . eauty o Its ma ny A lpi n . Ja kes, "'' c a a nd sple ndo r of its th o usa nd s of sn~ve t~e pea ks, towe rin g as th ey d o, ~b t vtt le ~ peaceful la nd- sca pes of its love li es droLl and th e indesc ri bab le o·lo ry of its w~nalij(e· cata rac ts e nrapture a~ti st a nd p oe

pros~- ~~e

R ~~ L

c

URfER.

The Grol t h of t

t

I

,e-Poetic Concep '

OL L EC·E . T

-

Hell.

DENT.

p \ RT T.

be n hich ha\ . c nc ptions '' to arrree in at II P ti C s s m . . T hey ar. o-rO\\ th of a particulat.s .f and their I · t1 t' o d behe s, I t the e .d sp rea 1' 'ted by poslI t be tml ll as d o n Was foun d can no . fa~t as " e t t r is such From thJ s t,l ems Jves, ma 1 d a· . ·t' cul ars 1 -· g · · kn o\\ f the pat 1 · 11 can sp t 111 the such when such . ·icl nt cl o·rowt 1 s are pre l·esent, it IS e v . t nee an o 'table then:e · t e :\: I S d SUI b Jl1 <Y p 111 o · .~ IS · alone J' fs e . _.l·st an. d These . e tJOI1 be te .. the !111 ~ . be imagina exciting sen ted ~oo· to excite t ere is such o-row th sometllln~ \lrhen th 1Ce felt and o 1ents • _ IV • at 0 I · t . J11 0 11 wa ntll1S· {Jower iS . c.r min d has I sl moments ca use, JtS r:v ei ) l at sue 1 and < 1ces. . " anc theme c. com me I d re' cn e uo·o·ests a thouo·hts. se l5 e00ramblin oo· n ena t:> • of· re st <an • • o· ca u. 111 . exc it111o. to t 1 d lJhenOI tht s J' ·ectJO l1 bJ·ects an b -.1 <rs any' . g .tve s c II houg 11ts ' of in tel1'tg e' I1 t eu ofashiO n

I~

l:-~':n

F

natut~a~

r-

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co';"c~~~~

In th ese tttributes o t'th th e theme}J·'ariti es of )' w pecu re a bile t11e d IJe rspe~natu .' harm on . ()' 111 c. 1. es w }or an 1t tl1111~ . . out 111 .' cl o·ive co to do so_, th e a u Y .d Jttl J11lll - o cy is free become the in cli VI ~fte n as ±~n enes. T hey dream As I e sc 'ts own . . r fanctes. ti ve. to n es . cl has I . !11 111·ts wn I e cub .a <affor d s retui.11 s £ve l Y. 0 Jed with I in terco ut se <d disf·~mili a r. c 1 I peop . e as ·eel an •ror t • to ttm · ' com pat · 1ations "' f rom time . these a re . no·er I. mao·u c. o ·tuni ty, oppoi d thus the st1 o o cussed a n


IO

'J-fj..

re-act upon one a notl1 er a nd tlpon . th_osc weaker.a ncl are the reby th emse lves lll CJt<.: d to bolder Ai o-hts whi le the ir creation s are retraced and ~ppropriated by less g iftl:d intell ects. Thus g radual! y is produ ced a mass of fa nci es as wide ly extend ed as tlw tides of intercou rse amon g me n can ca rr y them. Time is requ isite fo r th e ir diffu siQn, ge neration s pass away, a n c~ ye-t, vagu~~ as th ey a lwas arc to many, ec lq )sed s(Jm e tJm c.:s to nearly a ll by the hard rea lties of lifc, th ey arc never who ll y los t, but arc ha nd ed cl own from one ~rrc ne ration to anothe r. 1\ m o n~· . unc ivi lized a nJ s up c1·stitious peop le fac ts and fancies arc co nfound e d. To man y such people tbese trad itiona l fan cies heco mc rea liti es but re main ju st as va.~· u c.: as IJdon·. In tim e the lcadin ....,rr min ds find themse lves limit< ·d by the se fa ncies. l ndC'fin itc as th (')' arc, hl: who wou ld have his ow n ha nded clown fo posterity must res pec t those o f his preJ cc(•sso rs. li e may m<t ke add iti o ns bu t cannot who! !y destroy. So far t hese s had owy id eas bear th e impress of no one mi nd. They arc ready to be app ropriated by any who desires to do so. A mas te r m in d arises. Using the mate ri a ls whi ch its ow n observation and ex per ience fur nish to hc io·ht~n and e nla rge the image ry a lread y c,~i st­ In g, at the touch of its crcat i ve powe r th e {,;rcat mass of dreamy fanci es crys ta ll izes Into a conception. This, ev id e ntly, is t he natural of oricr . 0 in a ti o n a nd ~crrow th of . cl assprocess t I11s of co nceptions.

OURII~N.

mystc r)' th e imag ination \\· c· ha ,·c· t l_H' .~'r "(''lt 1•c d .in th - d<:ath, tllC' lon·d o nc·s s ill out . . , . nr el 1 ·1 • '·tnd•• C\ m ystcry, an cI our ow n g 1·e··t 1 . th" ('llt fe ·ar o f th a t u ]o(} Jll. 1'\ attn ,tl_) · . ....... (1 J1omcr fo und 111 the· c ommo1 1 111111.• 1 vag-ue; I.a nc1.vs ant I s I1a <IO\\.). trac.• Ill . ·. I ] . . II l.ll!S (r;t \ <. wh1c 1 11s Jn coml>a ra J c· t.:"<" 1 · .-.. 1: in . . . · .. 1 ·rcc up and w1th 1ts ~H,· n c n:ation s. ~,tt H . . Oc.lyssC) ~l! c. con~e·ptH_ >n d<'lll1a~·te · d Ill th ~ t he :\_I I h 1s d(' !Jil<'a t 1on ( H.'C up ws b u ~ 01_1\ . ,ra nd " the t\\Tnty -four book s narra lin.~ tlc the Tr in gs of t' lyssc· s on hi s r<'lur_n fr_(~Jlll · ] 'tild ~tn . war. l ' l \'Ssvs was at 11 "C ('- ·s s ( rmt"?t I' pn after a yc ·ar·s· so -journ was a i)()Lit _·alo [ lth commll. ln.m sd)tn the· \\· a\TS .I~l s"('.([!1c ,1 0whi. CJ]i aca . Cirrr· gave· him din.: c uons .J )]cs ~n 11c m1.g I1t f1rst . . .Jt t IlC' Ian_tI c>f ·sh,tc. ,.,s , he n11.g·ll ]('a r n () f t lw j> ro j> h(. t T i J"( • s I lI s h 0 \\ I" ] l>" I y h II :-I a rc ·ach h1.s far :tway huJJH'. 1·\ c·core. 1 1, r · <1nL 1 S('t out with nn h:t'ld at tlw r ut <_c ·,~]in .!J t 1c . <.I both fii!Jn,,· . ~' u .· <r t 1l Win tl w sa .Il s ,'1< ll 1 :--J 111 o I cr. . . . . . . vc·sse l, bon· t h vm S\\·dt ly u n , ui . , <f<tt 1 d· cl ay. /\ s tlw s h; t< lc 's of n i.~· ht "'~ 1,c ~~,r~Li d .1 n.~·. t I1c y _c.1rc;,,· JWar a su n Icss ·s ll O J c,f irS, 'tn <cd, cd 1n mi st and c·te rna I !.:· I oo m. b]oof11 , will ows who se blossoms r~ ll as t h ey . (f th e)! . ]y trk lfl orn e yec . stood on the s hore' . ].) .JSC Jll 1 . I . c,s,, clrcw thc 11· boats lil > th e l1cac 1 L' llld) OL nv o n un t .J] th ey came to " ·hc i-e. two 1 e ,,,~ cer09 1 P c r iphl cgt ho n a nd Coc\·tu s fr o m .t10 . f1 0°Al . . . r 1·o~c rJt I·e.-.d t1J ew o f t he Styx, po ure d tlH'I ·e)' 1 ag-a inst_a hu _g·e roc k as t h e y c m p;I e re .t~h se lves 1nto t he ri ve r Ach cro n. 1 ocl ?f fol ' fl:s th.e first esse ntial, a \Y icle l y ex te nd ed offe re d sac ril, ces, lett in g t he bl ?1c ]1 1S ce' b e ],cf, for th e ori g in a nd g-ro wth of th e co n. . s 1now .Into a tre nc I1. 11 cJist~:1pl'o' n VJCtJm cept Hel l, I noti ce th e u1~i ve rsa] beli ef in a lowe rs burn e d the b o cl ies at ~ ~tn cl of fu_ture state. Acco rdin g· to A lgc r·s ''D oc - U J · ·sc ]f s u 1) 1) !J·cate <1 P luto SlJ'· r'·ts -c~ t ysses 111m tnne Life," the re is no r·c1c,e _ nor )Cof the I ·F uturc 1 SC I pc na a nc1 th e n ca m e fo n-~ 1 1 t h.·e h a. .?d 11l efl1 l . I o_p e In t 1 .e wo rl d whi ch is d estitute of tl . t1 1s belief If th . b 1. . b 1c cIca cl .111 o-rcat num 1J<.: J'S w It]-ep t t teeI· . must . ha,·e · b Is ·c1e Ief e un iversal now cla m o t.. :--. · o· h1.s S\\·o t-c1 h e " dJl· -ec as e It Draw111 1 f .111 t I1e ea rl1.er· acres ec n WIAe y ex te nded at least :-.. h e h acI ]J ce ne rs vvl1· -cB· . ro m th e bloo d as 1 1 ". . c1 b e 11e . f.1s tnt . 1cc tl · ·not1er Wid ely ex tcnd- F 1rst ca me o ne of h1.s ow n .·f 0 Jl ow cl 0 £ Ct, tl1e, . · Ou t. actions ac 1l erc h 1s a mora l c1uality 111 b ody lay unbu rie d o n t h e 1s lan . bod) e~ should be . _r.c t oug hts a nd that ev il ~I e b esou g ht U l yss~s to g ive 1~! UlY5 tlJ~ Yo n d tl1c gpu ni shedT!and 'good re ward ed berave ntc s of sepu lture . T he n c? 1 th e 0f 0 re~ 1 e th eme a lso is of th a t chanc te .d · m oth e r who d id not k now a. ncl ~' 1 j, c r cons, ered . 1 E all th e li o-ht f Cl .· _es~e nti a · vc n \Vith proph e t who dra 11 k of t h e b }oo ]1oJl1 e, dfjfl ; cc. c o 1tist,an 1ty w a1urn1 more c . e ca n scarce ly told of th e tri a ls of hi s j o urne )~ e r to ef t , object of its OI: cer nin g it tha n th e fact a nd a lso told him to a ll b w hi s m ot 1~ble h cofl ex istence F . · or a qtllcken er of of th e b lood whi ch wou ld e ncl theY . re cogn 1.ze 111n1. She dra n I{, a nc

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·11F .\-ORJI.-JL COCR!ER. I lit- t rinl thrC't' tinw:-> to '111bracin(rH' r1 h u t . t·:tdl tinw f,,und him~·a·lf \ ,. 11-rw:tn I s :lJ'I ll'.tn't I ~uccc .. · t )( • ·"I I I . · . .tc, him . ss, on ·dl I I I . ' t H. l\ ')"( \1''\ nl. till' .tg·cs hell n ' 1L H · htT eH·s u 1· t 1lt' ·I rn):tll · ",1r, ,lilt I .'l'a len .•ll 1 w t . • < ny of I Oln, ·n "!t(l "t·n· n·IHH' IH't I. tlk·J 1 nl· tlw blunt I ;tilt I Ct \rit] tH·n1 I. (I·· I .tn' S('\· l 11111 \1 . . · · l t ·r t lw::-;t· ht · s~t" 'I"' u1Llre··,tt·nd . ( t 1 0 , . 1. · · 1 li. s ,,.h(' . t 11IIl t' :tt-rt ·s "hili- t\\\) ,·u \ ~~· I (. (" e • II . . t· 1J ''"h it·! lllltnu a ,. t·,t t lll'' ,\ \\ ,\\ Ius ' l! s · 1 ' ,. r c . . .-.. ,. . hin Consll, :-... 1 ":t s L1 s t .\s ,·,t tt ·n : .tnd I aniq(rl ''"<'rt' L]ll.t 1 \\ Jth hi s thirs t \\ hik a rou nd · · .1l< rc ·t 1· <· ,\tin · · ,,. '' ·ttt· rs ·tn d lll t'r k·II., fr l!Its <.:rc: I · · <I se) s · ' th· e · in1 a g·~ · rd· <Jf ,11 11 e·s. -'r · IS) ph us.-. :1nd lt·~t ~ 11t.tti o ns 11 ~: 11 <":1nw tlw illt ii ilt'r:ddt· tk.1d •·'·1111the·- ', r • .· \\I t. h Sti ·I 1 I · . - )I . · t l c .unn r t 1: 11 111 !('II t 0 11 1 · I ··Itt)a, k Iu-e . t: d :tt·"' s lt ';td s hnultl ;tp{w;u· I11' 1.1't; cll. 't'hi. 1 1 111 ~(·. :tnd rt·tunwd tn tlw lsk 1 \\·~ ~t··lnc] . s >n _e· I n ·stJilH' "ill :1 ssist us lt) kve· A <1. !) . I) Ill lll!Ih . I t Ilt' Ct>!lCt'jltiOll . ..IS~ ' \t . It Ill . ( lr. <l ] ()I (' , , j J ., . I'I \! [l.eh'~'!,,~-,o· "nc , ' OS(" ,\ . . . t. \\' • tl 11lit 1, so n . < obstT \T h ()w little ll onH'r . 11 l lQ SJh• Attl11 •l L, t 1r t. ,. e) J. t IH ' t·kmcnts <ll· su -. 0 I·e. o,\' lC. , .('r · I · · I· · s C()\· ) ) ( ' ~" l!lll!!l (f Ill' Sj )(';l , s () l Jh· ~ ,, . 'l! 'ltj e re • I · ·· :--. · ··1 1'.!\t!:i 1 \\·it h . t Wi t h lun crc:d l1rs and" I t!e~ t ail e[ q(' . c r, n .--...u· I) 1ossoms seen t Ili" Oll~·11 l Q . II) - 1 Jl ·tJ ·] ·· · ' ~tj 1 11~ . Pa rt· ' s ntlm,·s . !! e re n:1turc <1 t "' () , ~~ . I c lJ I; - . I . . . th ,() Ill. · ' nt rn 1 ll s, larm o ni Z JJ l _~- \\·Ith ~ Ill' ' e Of tl t t' cv cl . I ~ .. 'l I1 " "e 1lt ,, , 1~ fi . -. ""' t 1 1111 c cf tc ct. .~11) t.:rJjll · J'Stli -tr ··· . . . n· l: t y 0 f e~s . t h e b III !1 <r blosso !ll s, ~h· ~ . d·- ·]· .... . 1ty :"< ltl at·' V'th tl a i . . ne ss, a ll st nk e us as til '·"t·Cl ~ ·~ ·111 to n <tt h ·· P I a ce and ;1,rak c n o u r nCl\ I) '"~tt·od . act.·i\.• ll c~clOnce · ' l'J1c n nature 111 1 1 h.. 'r.::cl ~ t · Tl 1C Coc)·tus and A c I1.'1 <J.. 'li ll ~l ~1 I I \'(' · . . ,. ~ ~s ll ?·o·· ·1 .t s .tn l :.. plrti S \rh osc " ·atc iS ~l· ll) Cl l) l:-,~ IS 1] \ r ] • • • c. ,,. , . ; t H o uo· h wJd e-sp i cac1 1' <ttt <1 11 l) ~ . 1) (.' • c I e v .. . ; : . .. I r 1\. 1• 1 · ~1 o f ) c_1 Y b 1tter a nd Idled '' Jt 1 l<J~ ~ ~<tcj 1• 1 he.: St l· ~ st i lcnt i a l a nd loaths o me ()\ Y . a, ~ yx . .. .. t (j v. ~ hff \vh tch '~ a~ <\ cele b ratl' cl_to t! c_n. 1 t!~!J1.1 lts to t h P l cc ip lta tc d itsc l± o, ·c t c1 1t s <t1 '" ette rsc va ll e y a uTc at d istan ce b c, ClL~~!). '..ll .:., [) ! 11 c ' \ve . .., · tt~ ~~t a, <tb lr.. r c sa id t o b e ve r)' pois~' r ~ '-t.:cl · .... t o 1· .· 1n tl ~~)), \\ r ~_Gf c lSso l ve ne ar ly eve t ) ~"1 IJ St 1c n1 II · 1 ,se · l1; 1 cl~ .Y th _y1 c.: rsti . · - ym e r ta kt ng t l C· .. ~~~ ~ i t s; Of e vo · t io us fea r ·=tdcls to th eJ! N t~ . ~ tl Ice of - . c c • . 1e 1 cs1s tlc ss 1 1. ~1.: \t, <lll 1e \V Jo we r Ill t 1 {l ~.: ,cl ~ ''" 11'Lb th e ~ , a t c. r f a 11·1n o- u 1Jo n th e roc ]·s .. · 1 11 . '\\ t' (:! ~~~' .) I ,-.., b0 "\\r lfcis e t ha t 1111 t y d e r i ved from . <l.~ a lrt o r e l th e d esc ript io n co ntains. '11an d ~~·ge l y o n moral sub li mity. at 1n o- t . . ]- 0 ,~~.· n o o VISJ1v t h e u n . . n l•

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n·alms of depa rted spirits. In what a \\·e d nc s th<' morta l stand of th e imm ortal ! \\" c stand in the presence of a soul and body u nited and "·c fo rg·ct that the soul is Jwd~-c d in \rith mystc....ry. \ VhcncE' came it? \\"h~lt is the tic binding- it the body ? \\' hat is its destinitt ion? \ Vc e,·c n forg et that the s 1n 11 itself is a myste ry. a spark of cliYinity. But "hen the union is c.lissoh·ed. this co mplicalt•d my ste ry O \'C' n,· h~· lm~ us \rith terro r sn that we sta nd shudclcnng 111 the presence of cn'n the lifeless dust. U lys~cs, daring •• . 1 pionee r. ~ l o n e- n o t to I"CCCJ Ye a Yisit ·~~~ • . 1 ,l ·,scn 1bodied spirit- but to penetrate I ()111 , '- · , ] <"l. spirits. ma \· c j a11. n a homao·e as t IH ' rc.t 111 rst iti ous anci e nts \rho tl l•.11- of the supe \\T II as . . t tJ "11cd b)· It. 1-l· ts courao·e a era in . \\Trl' I IrS. .]11 1as he :t \\·cuts . the le:wlul · . :.:> throno· 0 I ti c nt 1 , . . attw .. _ ,, :-. • . . 1·r] 1 n1Wht \· clc111l01 . 1 he most "' sci f command isto ··1d \"'.'1 !1Cilll'·-: 1\\ 1 of ;-o--, nes tr\·In')" . .111 action . there , . .. . Ol t .ca , . \ Vhcn o ne IS .<1 ,,.,.,, t c.h no c t. . . his YCI")' actt \·lt)· \Yh ich ·IS som e thtn° . .... 111 · : ts a nd co ur<wc. the refo re ' . ::.. , 1)I _a c(, s up hi S. sp ilL st"nccs 1S not necessaril)· I ctrcu lll· < unc1c r sue ~ b t to uaze at g reat dange r ap\rondc~fu l • _u1. C ''~ r y cl cmonstr;:tti on of its P1·o~ ch111 ::->°·\\·1tb.l1 .tie to sta ncI t11us a nJ b)' I ' . powers of tern blc.· C:l~ j) <l I .·11 to co mp e I ones 1 · • s I1ecr fo rce ofI " to be 111 reac.1·mess for th e mind a nd_ boc Y· le" l is sub lim e. Th rotJ o·h ] 1 0" OJ( 0 :-t pproac 111 ;--- .· t· on of what he saw a nd 1 o ut I11·S dcsCJijJ · ci s 111 a inl y on moral sublimhca rd, he cl c plc.n vo rk imm orta l. T he su b.I ~Y _to re n der_ 115 ' f A.Jax, whom 0 . 100 my si l e n ~e o ]Imit)' of th~ ~ffe nd ed in }J fe, as he stalked U h 'sses ha . ddressecl, has bee n cited ~ bc Jn cr a . aw::l)' o n . : : . 10,vn to th e p1ese nt t 1· me , usc d . . . [r o m L o n ~ ll r ffic ul t to fin a more fittin cr I t \\·oulcl b.e cit 1 pano·s of remorse than th~ . t 1C c ;-, S)' m b o 1 f OI . . on th e v •Jta l s o f T"Jtyus or gIes of a m b1t1 . .0n t I1an th e ' ex·_ • • v ul tUI.e,s P1·ey'n · . 5 ,tu c fo r t he viC15T talus. T he att1tude a nd a tJf an c . . p e ri ~ nc e oof H erc ul es is ma] es_tlc: A~ ~he . · troducecl a. passage den vmo· ]Jea ta nce I. ll IS ! 11 f ::.. ~ l ose CJ.~a . , from the pre s~~c e ?. a throng Its s u blll111t) .t is not a I epctJtJOn 0f th e . · ts, but 1 N -vv cam e n1e ·Innum erable of sp m 0 sacre. · ns Wit · h a corresfirst pas : : . _. ds of natw m)rr Ia . . . I . h osts o f . e the u c a mot.·1n o·s wh ,le . 1creas 111 . . ::.. , pondtng u_ . reased by hi s fea r lest the h is te rror IS G Jnc ·gon be sent, a t the sig ht of f th e oi d hea. 0 • I

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wh ich the beholde r was turn ed into sto ne. This all usion to th e head o£ th e .Go rgo n is th e on ly menti on o£ any monste r in th e desc ri ption . Three thin gs sh No menti on z"s made offi?'"e. ] udgmcnt for th e deeds done on ea rth may be infe rred but it is not me nti oned. Achi ll es is represe nted as say in g t U lysses that he wou ld rathe r labor a mo ng the lowes t class o£ toi lers on ea rth th a n be king even in Had es, thus show in g that th " future of all was mi se rable. Wh en we add to th e g ra nde ur of J fomc r's thoug hts th e powe r a nd majesty of hi s la nuage we no longer marvel th at not o n I y his own age, but eve ry succeedi ng age, has acknowl edged hi s wo nde rful ge niu s. Wind Cave. MYRTLE

-

RD D UNC ANSON .

Thirty hours jou rn ey west wa rd over th e most level part o£ N ebras ka; out farther through the sand hills where sod houses prevail, and then on till you reac h th e buttes standing ou t against th e s ky. Alter thiS a long stretch of most barren country, ng htiy called Bad Land, and at las t yo u come to th e out-skirting Blac k Hill s. . There they stand a littl e in th e diStance, the pine trees covering th em and con tin uall y whispering to eac h other of th e yea rs long past and looking g ranJ and solemn in th eir age a nd solid ity.

Just at the foot of them is a town so new and insig nificant that th e daily train seems to be the item of grea test im po rtance. H ere at IV! innekatah we find we must take a branch line to Hot Sprin gs. One may wo nder why so pretty a spot as this is reputed to be, Is not on any main lin e, but bdore go tng far in those ca nons, dow n grades that mak e th e coach run on a n angle of four or five defrrees from the leve l can see a very g ood reason for not miking thts a !'art of the dai!y routin e fo r th e larg . er portton of that sections commerce. ;:,

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TifF ~\ -ORJ I.-J L COURIER.

. Ji tt At las t we reac h I l ot Spnng~~ . .ac coul town whi ch has bee n built as bcs~ 11t l1o us - .rrrcgu Iar ni cl . ,. 111 V't · 1C:S \\' .ll I1 d .lll1t\ CI')'S t:tls <T !Sle ll . s va II C) ' I ·S ' Wit ut throu crh l IH.! vanou . 1 or crJ ou" ' , : . ., co rn ers s1c1es A .. scaltc recl .~he-re and th e re ll P l 11c:. ·. P. co ul top of the hills just w he r<,;vc r a ni C11 · eve nnoth er ·sl l O rt \\' a lk throu n h a more unPassa .,. . . .. . , . [ beautY snow b II gc <tnd \\' c ;u-v brou~ht w the be fou nd to !Jia c<,; o ne . 111ay 11aa ru om . L o n •r ;t •rvs ;\ P O· Lh c fa ·ii'I·l'S In the mi ds t of lhis profus io n so n1 . vc I . l :-.. , Ca\·e .IS re~ presenteeI as. 11 n., v Ino \ VInd 1<tc. a baLLic... . IH::-..n : and 111Issils Llu ; te nd e r th ing to su rp ass a ll o th e r sc<,; ncs. rak Part of 1•g_o ne fr o m Ll1 (; i r ti n • ~"c rs to e,·e ry h :-.. .. cs · So th e.: morn in<r a fLe r o ur a 1I- -·va 1 c l we thre . ad di sst liS b-c:ltl I <,; gr o und . But Lh c f<un 1 ~ noth. apea rcd bdu rc \\·e ca me a nd th ere a coach for th atb place . t 11ei_,e a rch )a rb sca ts in our co n veya nce and eac o n th ·tin Y sn 0111 g t ° prov<,; th e fa nc y e :-; c<,;p t t11e 12ed · e no ug h to seat three co mfo rtab ly, enO'e r d and\V ba ll s· w 111ch rnn a ·lll th e re crysta I!ri ve r's box th e re are a lso three pas!d ; nd spar kiin o· in th e li o·h t o f o ur can les. ~ ·':"> and so me are stand in g- on the low e r g h w 1\ Ill '\ g a te. N o wo nd e r tl; c n, that a lth olu overl)' li fi1ndI e fro I11 t I1<,; e n tranc e to th e Ct'l\·e ancI ·ha ve. four h o rses we cannot tra ve d doW n '"e .It) er.,'- t11t o!l ursc.l,·CS , . In · Sil · 1(; l1C 1 post 0111 w.;cc'·· fast o n those ston y roads , a ncI UJ!) ve a n . fill·1esd t · eve ry 00.r IS scaltcrc d wiLh Jar o·e roc ks 1 those steep hlll s. Y et twe fll lor ane 11 rr p· · ~ lel'e and OS iti o n. Th e \\' a ils ha ,·e a red throu g h suc h sce ne ry do es ~ ot seereach ~hd ereg-e, th e Out from o ne of Lhcm proj ects a l?n g befor e we a rc t ire d of 1t we d \}/tfl 11 li ttle se ttl e me nt wh ich is a lso ca e d Po tl ' Vith .t1 ~1J a nd sic.ksof whi ch arc cov L St tJe 0 Fftc t 1111 . wa II s o f nca r!)' th e o rt h ocIo x. Cave. d'ng Jan s en e S11 "' · . 1 ·· se11ti 11Placed h-~·. . I I undr~ds ol_ ~ards ,1a~ e ' So me years arro th e s urro un 111is sofle ):;' g- nea r! (; J ,c . ~.~ prc n o_u s V I Sito~s rc p1 eb was tak e n as homesteads by a_ ~-a n;f a ca"si· 111 toll1l Y Cve t y sta te 111 Lh e u n1 on . a nd a dau o·hte r but th e find1n o b1 e bLI i Ost . 1ere I ~ ' fita . has ope ned to th e m a more pro 11rr Ctrcltl w e stc l) I)Cd in to a larg-e, a 11 eo::. re a r . ... . ness th a n farm in g . . _ attenttDe req sel11b \' r oo m, WIt h lofty ;trc hcd ce i1eor eel s0 ln g a church dom e Nature had Th e first th in g th a t a ttrac ts ou t. a ta.~ ; q 11 et n1eth · . . · · · , as we a li g ht a t th e g uid es door, !Sf a ch 1.,d 11c1 h' at 1 In g ve ry ld.;:<,; a p ul p it 111 o ne · ·e clog ca t1n . o· ~ro m the 11a t1d o)lion a ..i. . e ha dt10U 1 g ht p rc:un l e 1lad eas1t sosome divin eve rythin g a ro u~d is in rustic fat by spec '"'h ee<lclj 11 ca led it th e l\I. E . C hu rch . in s id e all d ecorati o ns are form ec the ft 0 re &' fr 01 . f 1ft one 11 thi s w as a lo w passage . 11 all .-r1 e me ns from th e cave. I~ \)\.i lly Proj eq:nu s t stoop to k eep th e head . leve l on ' ,v bi Chill 5 ow " ro m t1l c ma1n use st~l1~~v~: tl~~g .r~cks abov e a nd walk c~r~ houses a re bu ilt we a re led down flla!l ~7 ,en fift y fee t o r more till w e r eac h as vv .0 cl ~~ et~h(! 111to a ln eg ul a r o n es b elo w ; t~ 11 s b UI'I t· ove r th e ope n . na to t 11e cave. t'h \ve c cl. awa . larg e lo w r oo m wh ich st o f vv i t 0 1 1e b o·u 'b th e trap d oo r is lifted a st ro ng _o 0 ssi , ~.~ e I.\T.0 lllcl Into th e cl~rkn css a nJ as ~ar com es rus Ilin wfl 9· g ou t maktn · g it tmP ~~~~ h~:t\1 C. 1'. sh ow~ d tt e rs of 1 oos~ roc ks. li g ht a cand le. ' re d0 ''t t0 \\.'it~t St' ~ Set U · cla 1m this as th e ir ow n A h I ~~ trrecJ. up th e ow;1 fla o· th e re. Th at mo ]1 e un c red and fi ft y fee t 01 e broug cc·fl\ ~~ 0 11 our · o y steep pin e stair way and we ar have ~1 ts f e ac Pa tnoti s m a nd th e com pa n th e first 'landing. So far w e 1 li g hts vgl ~~ }.:;'ot or th ecRrd broke fo rth in to three \vq~l't bt"tt ~ rly "-eel, WI1ite a nd Blu e. throu g h darkn ess but her e ea~a'vei"th~0 iJ1'~ tht' <lt~ \ll'tkltt a few th e 1 ca ndl e . F o r ,ha lf a mil e we t )ea,dtt1d tllcl fPassa ge from t hi s roo m ha~ a cla mp tunn el shape d pas sage 11 a111e rd'leo 1 t In · c1rc · umfe ranc e an d tt ~ ~ ~ \l l) eY bY a- ee . a la rgP. room whi ch h as b~~~O' is ~~,, lt. . 1:1 tL c0 ~e tt1n d 1 nees tL 11r 0 h ttlcl \J • g on th e h a nds a n < Brid a l C ha mb e r. Th e cedttf~escoe est(} \ ) l 11 <tt '-~frl Vlt] l'ffi · 1 vv ~ th l1 ~ 1, b c I cu lt y s ucceed tn ocre td a nd loo k s a s if fin~l y rich t<:!P \l'ltq_o1.. ;~ i ~t.th e way h as b ee n op e~~ th e wa lls as if draped with 1 11 5 l't'~ t_wor~ad ?f b e in g K ell y's ~a~ l'vrtser lY Simply of th e name, F y, \

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Just in the \ray lies a rock closely resem blin o· the for m of a tunl e a nd at one side of it we;-, look do ,,·n, dow n into the da rkness a nd arc told this is Dantcs Infe rno . i\lilto n anti oth er of our poets haYe t11eir stud ics there, each so called because of some fa nci ed like ness to th e real ones. ti ll r)the r · beautifu l nooks and passarres li e in our pathway, a steep windin rr sfai r called Cliff Climb ers D eli g ht and at last we reach the mos t beautifu l place of all, The G~ r d e n of Ede n. H e re e ve rythin g is for_m ecl after th e most delicate of patte_rn s, on e littl e crev ice is hung with snow wh1te . rock wo:ren as fine ly as lace, a n overhang ll1 g roc k ts covered with fri n g-ecl bo:-; work; o n_e I_a rg:e ledge is deco- t ... , ,vith perfect Ill1Itatio ns of ora no-e r d ec · o bl osso ms a nd ~uds, anc1 I_n a small fissure ()·liste ns so rn cthing very like a snow bank. o ne cor ne r is th_e bowe r and all around . , 1 ::r il rr in o·s 50 de li cate that a breath wou ld a 1 e l c ;-, b d estroy its beauty . As we entered one of the parts which . most our pa rty exp ressed its • _. p l ease d LI:. eelllW by breakinQ" forth •Into ove r 11 ow Of f ;::. ~1 ..., ' l\1 r Country 'Tis of 11ee, a nd ~h e echoes ) , ndin cr bac k frorn th e delicate walks 1 b • ca me uou a nd a rch es . rl' l . as th e end of th e route we had sellSaW , · nd we began 1_etrac1n g our steps

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-tl y differe nt way where lookin g a lected 1 ove r a pa 1 d d o r more fee t up we saw stalactites lUll ~-eo- the roof of an a rchw ay, One cove i_In::' ras cr uarded by th e faces of a mat1 O IJC 11111 U 'v\ C D . • . . c d dJf s urpri stn g 1y na t ut-;t .l Ill th etr stony a nd w I . a )ar (re roo m we all sat cl ow n 'lil c·l be · .n d ur ca ndles, we co uld not c , t· o· u1s11 e 0 . d' see ex 111 ;:, di' ~-chiefs 1111llle .lately in front f h ct n . _ e d o o ut f c not a wor was spok e n a nd '"e o u r . aces, ear to fee 1'wg th e cl arkn ess that -v it ca me so n . f a we ig ht bad been lifted wl ' see11l_ed ~s \ Ya in sho ne out. 1e n th e ]w hts at> b ll aiJes fdl ecl th e p<Lth way ti' ll N ew s c . d we th e o ute r stall a n o nce more we re h d . reac e . n th e sunsh tn e. . 1 <Y uides told us tt wo uld take t~ n Our ;::.d for two wee ks to see all of tl . . I ore d and tl 1e 11o urs a ay 1 noW b.ee n e xp cave that 1as ' 1e re ,-:J


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1s supp osed to be much more whi ch is un . . . c..:tc·rnal as cINS or a p eace .ts know n, so one mig ht use ma ny words a nd more poe tical ye t li ttle of its bea uty be cx pressc:d, fo r thc sea.) J.Jl . of hun1 1 ve 1y cornerh as been carefu ll y a rra ng-l' d b) \V(Juld I look into the \·o lli?C- 11 All'~- · Naturc: 's A rchitec t a nd it is as di vin ely pc: r- hi story I n ·ad of th<' tyrany, 0 ~ 1 _the d fec t as th e nst of hi s crea tions. · c.kr, the; us urpatJoll o ( .t· ( '•t·S'll · ' , Ol in hor . f I} t J J><lusc.. pot1sm o a >r>napar 1· . . f \J orot I1o IJdo1:<..: the d escription of IJc..: ld 0 . · ·o ur O'. a Thr~l:mopa];l ., \Vatl'r loo, a nd 111 1\ n f\ntl Sea Life. < boasted cou ntry a C. c ays lJU r t-><r '' lll(, 1111 cnt I. l . pe n.s I1a IJ lc mo.l t Th e tam, e::ac 1 a n !Ill scr ibl!d to thc ' dc lJr<n· ity of ma_n. 1 ·-w rY B Y T // E S/\. / L OR . S k nnws none of these . ,1-ru e 1tS·. 11Lcpant IJiottcd l;y a T rafa lgaa r a nd_ '~ rsio ns t?.t'" HE phi losopher of old cln. :a lll ed of an th l!sl! howcvc r a rc but t Ih.. JJI CLI ut t I1c ~ ideal life whose cha rac Lc:r isti c f<..:a tur" me n in to a n<..:ut ra l rc..:a lm to c... , rry •01 ve 10 n shou ld be ac ti on, a nd whose e nd shou ld )y . l>loody pla ns, a ncl the " ..'' t('· rs· ,.11< wgc ,, th e g reates t use fulnt!ss in pro 111 uL ing th " si ne<..: clos(·d above th c 111. eve ry . , 05 1 fore''<. , 1 welfare of fell ow creatu res. S t!<..: k in ,!S· th is th e ir fil! nclis h acts has <. IJsap . Jc· u c<. (fC · J jJ ' t St 8 .:-c he wa ndered throug h a ll clim es a nd tri ed al l . . 0 . 1 . I lad a ll o f th l! O J!j> lllc ll cc . ·se (n.t tJ1 1. . occupa ti ons, but fin all y we nt d ow n to hi <> IJCC! n acc llmu Ia t1n . g tJJJll·1 t l1 ('- J) I C-c m<tby ]l l (l6{ g-rave a d isa ppointed a nd d ish<..:a rt<..: n<..: d cu uld th c wea lth of )Jag·ca n tr y, l 1ll tre< c..l fu l 1 creature at th r:: close of a life long sea rch in c1 ·ncc of ba n()ue ts, th ·e Jll ca~- ~; rc<. th e ~. ' vrnP 1 va1n. m ·g ht y a rmi1 ·s, co mpa re..: " :1t 1lcl the P0 ti~ Th e poet sung o£ a n ideal rc: a ~111 of free - g ·a ntkur of th e Lc mp cs l!'· Co . u 1,, m<tj c; Strc dom peace a nd pleas ure where l1 fc \Voul d GC! (JI. roy a l IJ;lflll t: rs co mp a re '-'" 1I~h t II 1 v th e I L_ )5y]l l rC!plcte with puri ty and e n d l e s~ cha r111 a nd sw cl! p of th e storm clo m l .? . Co u cc. n, 1•c1 11il1 1 1 wh ere the so ul coul d re vel a m1 d a ll ol th l! of illun1inat io n co m pa re w 1th ? t 11 c ul~l t:b0 11 perfection of harlll ony, g-ra ndc u1· a nd .s ub- hursts o f t he bolts o f I I ca vc n · . . wJtll )c lina ity th at th e im ag in ati on co ul ~ picture. t l1C! jJCr [CC tJo · n of· 111U S I· C C O l Jl .)Ja l. l' .£ t lUJl Cdtj 1 Years after wa rds hav in g g ivt n up 111 des pa ir . e ha rm o ny of th e era s·I11n ·~~ril o o eY .cOl s ublim e111 his dying ea r caug ht the fa in t word s of hi s a nd the cl as hiu(J- o f wa ves ? ~ t of of s o n~ as it was bein g ec hoed dow n the age~ . .-. , n co tJi d Ll1e_, .ed " teeX:P~1 ~(11 se c Jf n? t; no 111 o rl! thJ. • Wh at life presents th e _fi ~ l d of act ion ? ]Jire; CO ill jJa re vv ith th e bro .t ror hl W hat life brin g s into req ui s itiOn th e physicc If·eacocJ· tJ Li . . C al, intell ectu al and spiritu al po we rs of the OCea n Whose ru ){.! r is the a nd whose la ws a re th e laws 0 its bC3 f11'''i hum an beinab as does th a t of . th e sa il or .7l A ye In d ee d, th e Sea has e yot1 -e o And does nr•t thi s life have a vita l co nn ec- \ Vh e re in th e cl u lJ co ld la nclscap chang 1~­ ti on with th e welfare of ma n ki ncl? aw a it a ch3n g-e of seaso n for a e verY , uf 1 ~ It is comm erce that has bee n a nd is to- sce ne , I behold ._ a ne w se e n c a t r]1 e ]u /\]1 0 1v day th e mighti es t fac tor of mod ern civ ili %a· on be 1c ti on. It is commerce that has poured in to me nt. I be ho ld th e su n n se . a nd f t 1 , a nt 'tc rcl ure of tro 1) ical is la n,d s' 1ti eS 0 ~ I 1 J( th e sa vag e a nd un culti va ted 'vV f' St the cu ]t - . 1 bea t y ~e ure and refin ement of the O ri e nt. I t is tts se t as I bac k be nea th t 1e 0 . in J1l uP ' J; A nd es . At n1o-h t as I s w1n <:> 1 r oll 10tl , com merce th at tod ay bea rs a way the over. l I ·wa tch th ·"' e wav es g-e nt fjYeecY -"fi c e;.ct!i prod~ c tio n of th e No rth, throw i1: g in to its moe" l ] f . th e Je Th e ]ofl·oLIIl• lap In stead th e deli cate luxun es of the t 1e so t Jg h t of th e s tars , · ll oa t in e ve r cha no·in c·· fo rm s. t a g 1-it 0 e South. It is co mm erc_e tha t ~1 a~ deyelopcd · . ;:-. . ..... ·es e n 11 0 1 1e!i 1 111 the vas t number c,f m1 a hty 1n du stn es th at ) .~ ray s of the m oo n P1 1·d th e .l tl· · g o u t rowaJ-I ea" Lo,.. n.a ol"' -c]1cC so di sting uish our era. <=> ]< . ' way 1Jr oac1enlll a ll ures a nd 1)o ints t~ a a nd v lJ?Ilfl \Vhat p)ace of earth offe rs a frcc·do lll wh1bch . l . ;::.cr : ea Ire s wee p s ac r oss t 11e vr Js f]tc:.o <:ttll1 Into space . A nd a s JT1) I •

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· '( 1tltlu·thu lllkr:-.tPnn . tl'vhat yc <:.:nlpvst . 11 · ·:h~l Y·lou do- ze d rea .r t· · mily out in tl 1oc, c ope n· a1o-) ieamm . 1 1e thouo·cl' 1 j)('rd to Ill<' j..., 1 ~lc. 1 '>un· . I krc , am no seaso n ts so fa vorable t . _ 11 I 1 eve .. . , Hs a 11 1 · . · ·t: tH 1'i l 1 '" <II. tt)rnH·r ln <lll l a t HSt c-dO ''"n or th e wi no· I fa r cr 0 Wt 1 11 t Jlll ;lt.!' . , , , ·d . . f. o f a mt k· ex ncy 11 0 f· 1' 1 ? 1 ~ Illy n ·nw Ill 111·.1 ntT . II ere \ \Ctl ·h t as a .. 111. see ·· IS ,.\\ a·. ted to )·o u · 1 ··L· tgmet 111n . so Pertcnc, .und1;u· lll' :lrthstolH'~I lcrc 1 here ·s . o· f ea t 1c r. we Stl )', but 11 . : -. . eat en-1 c 11 o . . . . 1 1 1g- 1ter and do wn 1cr th a t the lio·l,tcst f . 1er ;:; . li ~ Cc: tecJ P·lll ~ ol IT"Tl'L fl)r k11Hincsscs I .~ . afere h I a 111, o r .',. ....,<> I d t'I J mnn~t·nts siighLctl. L 1<1t \\·as c,·c r ea rned throtw h t h .. PI . . l <:> e IS aap ll .. 1 n ·m .ln tkd of the \\-cak ncss ace 1t 111 a c osc roo ll1 wh ere th ere · 111<1. ll n1 a 11 .Il l' \ ·(·· 11 · pa r~: n l Iy not a tn otw n, a nd see it waft to 0 f IHIl 1) 1111 <<lff.<l ·lrs.'ll u,.n :.· ~ll· I IIV lllllTrl:lllll) fai l· d IJfc . I IS h('rl' and here alone that an d fro now up, 110 \V d o wn , yi e ldin o· t Jn tn a ll . . . . , ·e ry brcalI! of air. \V h)' was it created 1\o ~ g-s; a 1 . .Its. punt\· ;1nd \\·tthout 1ts lt s ve ry ltg-htncss was so planned tha t it l'i<tc[ Shall L~ ( . Lis h nc Lhat 1it-ath sh:tll cn lll C 1 \l11~ by th d a rk h our he n1:ttk do ub l y tn ig-h t bcs r serv e th e c nd fo r wh ich it was s. <.. h t··~ t1·t - n · IH1·111 ..- (IT i l' ( o I· 1o \·c l I a t1 )' of the smaller birds feed rca ted. '""I ll ~ ~ n th e seed of th e thistl e. and in ob taini n<> Gf th LIS 111 thci r rnod. set frl:e thousands of. <l. 1cl ilt of Y" Ii fc · tJOII · . · I)l:CO JlH's :1 s\\·cl·t rcaiJLa 1 1 fairies which, Roati tw<:> throuo-h tl1e Of \V hJ.c\v 11. cl1 t 1lt ,. phd· oso j>hc r dr (~c1• 111 C·lI wi naed ~ <:> ai r. fi nd lodg ment in some noo k or corn er, 1 t h (•- p O\ ' l Sli Jl P whe re condi ti ons for g rowth are Ia vora ble. Li ttle c oes the child know how it is hclpitW Natu re wh en it takes the .c:lobe of dandelion seed and blowin g- for ciAutumn Les s on s , b le , tri es to sec " if moth er wants hi rrl." Thi s is Na ture's sow ing ti rr c. T he fr ui t 1\ i\ \1 1\ H . II E R l\. I (; , I ad e n orcha rds, th e d roppin g- nuts, the 117cu r rz ska .\ /a l e JV o r111 a l .\ rh ool . rn yri ads of seed-pods bursting . open on , ry bush, are all g-tV!n g o ut thetl· product hu\ l lis . of eve for th e renewal of thetr ktn d. T he distriOw . . D . speaks th~ the f 0 In ht s Pa~ tor,1 l a ys wakinin g , bu tion of seeds, th e assista nce rende red by '·~I ~~ C:a ll su t1r se.aso n s a s th e . Ay a' nc1 ril e birds a nd bees. a nd varwus tn sects, fo rm a !~i:l. rlJ. \Vtn nl a tt o n , tl_H: 'vVa nin h. o· of th e se ri es of helpful nature lessons a t this time. So e a r e n ow tn th e wa ntn, be ta k· Up a rn ong th e bra nch es of th e trees, or 1 ~r 011 o ur lVIoth cr E a rth wdl ' ) -., h.. -t ll Yeat} oftener on the smaller bushes below. will ··11Jt ~ cJ..., Y na p. . th e b e fo und, clin g-ing closely to a small t wig. a tL l)..'1 CLjr f h 10 ~~~" 11 n- b a \vak e ns b ri o-ht a nd res day Jonrr elli psoida l shaped grow th. so t earl y l't'1 · t I..: :-. . u . 0· . t n oo 11 10 ~h lt1 n- rsts ·Into 1ts th e of th e ba rk t hat one mi ght al most f ulln es s a \) t . .: : -. e•-s b . I· ss o f the rn is ta ke it for a part. It is th e cec rop ia 1.'1 \\ tL' ltl t} ' efo re th e da r . . ne_.. - · -ht. 1 "t\f 1~ le . £ tWI 11b0 d cocoo n. th e ]l ouse built by_thi s well kn ow n h ~~t e. a n d g ui ~";)_,. ' ,,.-.vea r Peac ll . e t o~-e st (.u1 a n moth in which to protect trs elf tlrv·ing the => t' "' -r 'V tt } as tts e vc nJn "-'l " { 1 o ' ;,,·, :-. . · · r tO 1Jre \l c\\ltt (J I_ th nly e n o ua h of a ct iVIt) I . ., no·s winter' s cold. T hi s is not the onl y a nim al ( t} e ;:-. . g-h t. A 11a 10 1tun1n <::> fo r th " that pre pares itself tn thtS ~l\~"~ llh"-!)..' 1 i~ ~e -lCo nlin ;ani -. , , 1 e a t 1 1 winter's sJcejl· Qne whole fa tntl y of butte rlt ~ li f c So n Stl ch a s m a rk s t 1 . well ' l1e b e ' IVh c n a ft e r hi s s ui11JJ1 e 1 ~ fJir~ eo 111cs tra nsftg ure d , a 1n1ost · 5

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TilE .Y ORJ!.J L COCRIER.

fli es and moth s spin about th e mse lves a. fin e s ilk-like thread, fas tenin g it closely With a THE NOR MA L COURIER. gum- li ke substance ~hich re nde rs the s nu~ li ttle crad le water-t1 g ht. Oth e r m c ~1 be,,s BUSIN5SS D6Pf\RTMENT. of th e a nimal a nd pla nt wo rld tak e a \~ I nter s sleep. \Vh at becomes of th e buzz 1ng . Oy A di' Crt Is in g R a t es . that has proved s uch a n a nn oya nc e dunn g P e r in c h, s i n g- l e co lu111n , s ing-l e in se rti o n .. . . . . . . . .. ~ Spec ia l rnt es furni s hed on appli cati on to Ou s lnc ss M nna~:crs . th e hot su ltry s ummer day, and whe re a re J. J . KIN G, th e hundreds of other bu zz in g a nd wh irrin 6 I. E. S TANF ORD, Bu s in ess M a n ag-e insec ts that fi ll ed th e air with mu sic ? Th e bumble- be~. th e wasp, th e ho rn e t go into winter quarters. The cri cke ts a nd g rassAlumni Notes. hoppe rs are ch irpin g their by-low so ngs a nd go ing to sleep for the win te r. T oads and turtl es bury th emselves in th e g ro und ; t!-1 LAS S OF 92 . mo le and woo dchuck bo-o in to their holes. C. F. Nea l ............ . State U ni,, The squirrel lays by g reat mouthful s for th e G eo rg-e P o rte r ............. Sutton, Nebr1 winter. J ose ph G illil a n .. . ............ P e ru, Nebr· Hig h up above ou r · heads, flocks of birds ] ess ie Me tca lf .......... Syrac use, Nebr, a re fl ying sou th wa rd, in sea rch of wa rm er Ma ud P hilli ps . ......... .. Syracuse, Nebr· clim es. We dread to part with th ese la tter Matti e G regg ........... T e cumse h, Nebr· our li tt le win ged so ng sters th a t have don e F lo y H u t c h'lll SO n . . . . . . . . . - • . . . At Home· so much to mak e th e s umm er chee ry. J ess ie H owa rd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b Th ere is a noth e r provision whi ch Mother Lo la Stand le y ............... P e ru, Ne r. Natu re makes before her eve ning prepara · tan! tions are complete. On e by one th e rip .Maud Be rk e ly, '9 r, holds th e assiS ened leaves, g ro wn so go rgeo us in th e p nn cipalshi p a t T obias thi s year. a utumn frosts, fall from th e ir places o n the Prof. A. A. Van Vl ee t a nd H e nry ~ e nkCr trees, each one leavin g und ern eath a tiny · · yea ' bud-a swee t surprise for th e sprin g tim e_ re ma m a t Madison, Wis., th e comwg For the. care ful obse rver use ful lessons lie . . 1 f th Prof. J am es H osic is pnnc1pa 0 rn store rn these tin y fore thou g hts. Almost all th e trees and shrubs form th eir buds in Arapahoe sch ools this yea r. . . d' in th thee spnn fall, gready for the first flush of life in C · J. Pie th . rson continu es h1 s stu res L ela nd Stanford durin g '94-5. ,. And now whe n the " g ood, old Nurse" has all th e little children safely tu ck ed · , 1\.Teb~'· CLASS OF 93 · a n, 1" b(· away, sh.e comes to tak e a las t lov ing lo k at the m In ou b 'f I . o B e nklnwoo em d • J'leb~ rJ e . A d 1m . h aze s r eaut1 u I ncl1 a n Summer· ]. E. D e lzell.-... • · · · · veil rk " ~e m s to be ove r a ll , a thin Carrie Emme rson . - · · · Gr~llian_ce, J'l eb1_: a Inpe Ora Furg uson . ..... · · · · · ·son City. J'l ebr, - acrance ' e co vetonng ' sJ that· le IJndc; a s il ve ry g ray c J a mes H. Hayes ..... ·· Ma peru, tJ (11 and shrubs I . ee p,ng uowe rs a nd trees I de ll a Je ff re y ...... · · · · · . . . . . At PbO0ldt·, which sp in .th .t Is] th e work of tiny sp id er~ G.n-ace Jon es e1r t1read f f - ........ ·· .. ·N· ·ear · · J-Iufl11\.r l" eb){·1' trees, and sl b s ro~, e nce-post to of a fairy -lil1ru to flow er, tdl th e air is full H. H. Jones ......... · · · Alliance, )3ro' <e network Lrzzr e K ee te l. ....... - · · ·- . N ear wo~r. A nd th e world i d · A. W. Oste rh out. _..... · · ·.. N ear f'1 ebrlife. s reamrn g of re ne wed Mrs. J osre E. Oste rhout.··: Auburn• N' ' bl· Th e second~ Edw ina Rockwood . . _N ear 1 a Cr tY• J'l erl'' twenty-five. Year class numbe rs ab0ut K ittie Tynon ........ N e J-1 bi' Arthur Qu izy ...... .... . · ... r-Je May W yne ........... · · . . A .. ub l Jr!l, C. S. J ones ... ... .... · · · · ·

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lit •'\ '1F :Ill cl \":-, F ·ll-l · 0 ' hr . tain 1 • ·h ·1· Ill' t ·••t''!!I, ·1:-> .ddt· l tl a:-> (l·r"· I 1.. t:;1._,:· . t' I:t:-." PI .q 1 .,. . . I,h-.t t t't I .ts· follc t h · :--..L•t )\\ s . crracl: . \\'. \ ttl ht·rt:-;tll1 . . . . . . . ~ lrt'lllhurg. \ chr. ·r·. F. ·I I k Il.t• II . . . . . . . . . . . . l . ll.ll I'll I .t. .:\ t' I )1.. \\· 1·1Ia· ..)()I d · \\' 1 :\ ·hr 1 . ·s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .t w P. . 1 . 01 1\'l: · < j ' Ish,'!' ... . .... ..'-'\.' t,\1 . . 1Pl1 l1"'.1ll 1. :\ · ··hr ' · C. l'. I llJ1t ·s· . . . . . .. .... ."'-· <.u : . \ ' 111·k • :\ • t ·br . \ 1.111<1.· \j·'·hr () .. 1 :\ .. hr • . • · · · · · · · · · · ·· · ·· -.. \t(l ,l. · . ' 1\ :k \ .~ l ~ ,~ · ... . . . . . ... . . . \ \ ',tlwn. \ t:hr. \ · t,l] ..... l' . · •"It\' :-. . · 1~l1. ' '· O I· L()n . · · · · · · · · · · · . . ...:.--. t.tt l' l' 111· \ ·tl· ·s·t r· CJi l: p · · · . .. ... . . . . . .--. t,ttl' Ill \ t I. I )·· '\.) l: t·t I' LJ I vnn,- . .. . ... .. . .. . . \ s II· 1 , l!H I. '\ . cb r . l\1..1Ss . Sll -<' p\. o l w rls . . . .. . .. . . .. Hl.11r. . :\-c I) 1.. l til · ' •tck ·. . 1l .. C·d . ta11 S . · .. .. . .. ... . ...'-'·q ' \\ . C.tst . . SQrtrucJ ,1111 L_h .... . . . . . . Pl a tt sJ !llHt th . ~~ l' hr. \·~' sl1., 1 ~· ~\ ;t JTl' ll .... ':\ l·hras ka City: \ l'hr. ] 111 <.1. C- 0 1 l o n .. . . .. . . . .. . \ 'a ssa r Co lll'gT . Lltl;_ · •ln o n '- · ,. . 1 • .. 1· "\ cbr. · . . . . . . . . . . . . ... t. tt '-"'t . . ~l 1 1! 0 \V. C. Sl''·arcl .. . .. .... . . . S c hu,·kL :\ cbr. 1t- II L·n 1w r.~· t-r . . ,. '\. (' I lraska -Li.. t)' ,l-... c 1) I .. 1\~. lt . \V ;...r c b r. ll1lth ~ 1 • 1· n · un, n an · · · · · · · · · · \\ -·tl)·tsl1 · ·· · . ~ 1.::.\·ac Lan .~"LT .. . .. . \\\·s t Po in t, \ cb r. < ns . . · · · · · · . . . . . . . \\.1 1I.tl1 l' )' . 'l '\rC·bt· ' l .\

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S OCIETY N OTES.

The Everett Society.

~<It)1,h~p B: ' .e re tt Soc rcty .- -\\·as

]e r ca lle 1 pres r11 ' 1n t, i:) · }'r iday S e pt . . 7th , of all t" ' ' <te . t . M a rtin . 1 o th e de Jo nd ed ll(., 11 tllllb e r of o ld m e mb e rs rl Ill r.. "calJ·1 _ 1 -ca · b 'he < ng of th e ir names a t ro -ta ined 50 cie t y was aoo reeab ly of h ~: I· "· J0 ~ b . f s '-e . tl[ · tf., Yce w h o o·ave a n e · . g thJ S I~•.ses" Of1' ha ri e s Dicke ~ n s . F 0 II 0 wJn read a Ynon a n d B ri d O'e each . "- '~lei s~ 1 . ~ I Nic k] eby, ~te <''a ectlon from N rcho a s h e cha r)'t <Jf \Ve il ch ose n t o illu strate t t;" he e Wo rk. Jecf\'l It !;) s<J ci the e "'· f Gfticety th en p ro ceeded W of thirty"1 tvt ~rs, With a membership

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d pres! duly e lec te arette first ballot. Miss l\1arg ·de nt, \Va s e le cted first vrce . -p resr

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and ~Ir. Sam :, to rm second . Th well as th t; rest of the corps of oft1 ese, as able soc ie ty "·ork ers. · cc::-s :.ire O ne of th e most noticeable me iH.bble features of this clecti o 11an d C() rn . · wa har mo--ny wh ich pre ,·a dcd throuu·l1 s the . ~ out 1 t.IlL' otttcers exce pt t 1e prestde nt · c nt1 · .c· All llrst trus tee \r erc. elec ted by. t he t tnan :t and ballllt of t he society. lllOu s Th ,rhich was a 1)p 0 1·nted 1 . e co mmittee, · spnng_to outll n~ th e " ·ork _for Lhis .ast made ItS. report te1n1 , . butf .th e soCiet)· p ostpo th e co nsJdcra uon o 1t on e "·ee k. ned The outloo k fo r th ~ _E ,· e rct.t thi s ·e . b ri ;:..t' ht and hopeful. f I he Isoct et,· ha )far IS • cS 0 • me mb ers. stt~de nts rom a I th e ~classes r tts th e S eco nd U cJ:lenta~y t_o the Se nior frol11 .)]] 'arc cordJally Jnvtted to ca"t end · . -\ . I rc <Ttdar ,r cekly meetin gs, a nd th o t 1e · h ' - of tI1e ot I1er sose . \\' .ho In' ::.,·e not entcre dd e1t . e1 1 E CJeti ,r] lJ be ,yclcome 111 t 1e \·erett. es L

p/li/0111a thean Society.

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...-\ mon< , ~T the manyN attractive th e . :\ .ebraska State I ormal a re soc rc ues.

f eat tl1e u:es of ]1t erary

. . en soci e t),- is one of Th e Pbilomathi nJ . the o Icl est oro·a ~ zatiOn . 1s conn ected \\'Jth sc hool, a nd fro n rts 1umble ori ;::,o-in ' It - IS . fthe . h . 1 I re aching the goa w 11C rts fou nders 1 ast to see it occupY· loped

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It .is a source of pleasure . F for th e n1embe ·1· of thiS society to mee . o· rsf f t n a)' eve mn each wee k to greet a mr rar and ne• fb o c1 aces, proa nd to listen to the carefull y

prepar~

g rams. . not _ This society 1 thd e work of a h 1 1 has begun e. r t erm , 5 1e d'bl 1as meet t1e utres of th e past a verY ere 1 e manner, she has equip 1 111 h erself with a ·a· strong corps h '1of 1 officers ' pee un d er whose g ur ranee s e w1 continue to prosper. The officers elected are as follows : 0 Iiver Palestine · · · · · · · · · · · · · .. P resident. N na Johnston .. · · "· · · · ··Vice-president. 0


I8

TilE NOR !1/A f.

Joseph Gillilan . . ... . Recordin g Sec reta ry. 0 ]. Standley ... Corres ponding Secretary. Olive Griffith ...... .. ..... . .... Treasu re r Pearl Rockwood ... ..... .... .. . Li braria n. Stella Graham .... ... . .. .......... Criti c. E. C. vVittwe r .. .... ... . .... First Tru stee . Maurice Good . . ..... ... . S econd Tru stee. \Ve are glad to welcome into our mid sL many of the old members and extend a co rdial welcome to the new ones .

The Y. M . C. A.

Th e Y. :\I. C. A .. h ld its fir st mc.:c·ting of the school year, in r m l\ o. 6 of th e.; I\' ormal building. W hil e many of th e old me mbe rs d id not return thi s year, yet th e mee tin g was we ll attended and seve ra l new me mbe rs we rn added to th e assoc iation.

Mr. \Vhitehead, ou r pt-es ide nt for th e ensu ing year, led th e . mee ting a nd cord iall y welco med all new stud ents prese nt into th e Y. M. C. C.

A letter from th e ex-p resident, lVf r. Th os. Dobbs, ,vas read in wh ich he stated that whil e he cou ld not be prese nt. yet hi s interest in the we lfare of the soc ie ty \\·as as g reat as eve r.

)r -NJ~~-A. .

Ti lE .YOR.lf.-JL COCRIER.

ance \\'as goo d an d quiL c.: a numb e1· of new mc mb c.:rs was add e d Lo Lhc li s l. Th e 5 ~1 b Jcc t ''Ex a mpl<- s o f ChrisL's l,o n !·· ''"as ncl 'n . Lh o u.!.! h t . ,\ ll c n joye d th c· IT 1n~rks :\ 1Iss \\' inn e. Th c ass o ciati o n bq z·1115 th year \\'iLh e nco uracrin /"-, ;u--, jJI"OS!Jt'ClS Cl f s ucccs an e l1c l !Jruln ess . 'l'l1e JOinL . . recc·!Jll.o n !rl\·e . n JJ ) • Llw . Y. . ,ras 1\l . ....... " and Y. \V. C. 1\. Saltird a y e \' C' l1111t·~rc of

wc.: ll a tLc nd<·d . Th e noLi c('ablc fc<1 ~dded th e affa ir w; s Lh e sunllcJ\r ~: r. It '~ aa in st from th e stage and stood s umy L~P Ji~wcrs the pillars. Th e g-rid of tlw 51111 110 ,rc r ,, gTO\\' .In.~· lJ)" Lhc.; \\'a , 11.. .~~~ Lllc' ·sun Th e su~ tuartvttc.; . ":as tru ly Louch Ill _t.; · . th<' f.ou ~ prc nwl y ndi cll lous was rcachc·d b) ·r P'cc . 1JO\\'S an <. l '' SjJC! l·c.; w l10 mac Ic t IH:Jr " th CIfl o'',,." J' " . , I c tll un, . '" ]1 0 ·s 111 co nccTt. fh e fina e uc "'' ' .1·s 05 horu s was mu ch a 1Jpn· ciatcc.l by t l . · 1 u]J sec th e g irl s w hi st le . intec . acq ua Y . As a sc he me for bc.:co m111g· c. " ·as 5 11 ~ , With n c \\· stud e nts, eac h p e rso n 1 t plied with a le tte r of th e.; a lpha Je j1 js le .]carn 1n · o· th e nam e of so me.; o ne e lse. · 1 1\lfJ >'d • ,. . , . . ,·o re . e te r cou ld be used 111 makiiH~· a ' . 0 - 111 ~. \ ' es t le d 1· n th e I1·st of ,,·or es, 't l1 ca V I 11r)· .:> so c l ~1 F . I f 'e l vc ! 02 . ::. ,·e ry .on c scc mc c to .~ 1 '· b lc and th e t ime passe d pleasa nt)

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Locals .

The pastors of th e two chu rches, Mr. Bede ll and Mr. VanFl ee t, were prese nt a ncl testifi ed to th e goo.d \rot~ k do~1 e in th e past and congratu lated tt on tts bng ht prospec ts for the future. Altogether our society promises to be a very successful one thi s yea r. c All young 111 ~ 11 are corcl ia ll y invited to attend the mec ttn gs wh ich are he ld eve r Sunday at 2:30 p. m. Y

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. h Clark a lso -h es a t Ash land· ·S· Edit teac mbe.l · r. ve m e 11 1• he se n1•o r class has thtrty~ in Dt ,-

1

M iss Ca rri e Lin o·Iebach Wl'11 teac ~t 0 Bois thi s yea r. . jshiP ] . \7\!. Crabtree holcis th e P rin clpa A shl a nd thi s yea r. J'l o~''

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T he se ni ors beo·a n observ in g ton's class S c:: pt. b1oth.

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-ll t ea. yeO' Y. W. C. A. held \ T h e fi rst m o nth! y r ec rta . 1 wa.s t 1' e j 11 y vV. C. A. meeting Sunday after- nesday eve nin o- Se ) t. 12th. o'1 . o noon wa 1 1 T e s. hel d in Philo H all. Th e attend . o• enec beJ

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1 Y

M iss Ca rri e Du n ca n so n wr in th e fi rst e le m e nta ry class.

Sch ool a t th e Normal s ixth with full atte nd ance.

.J-) e nul1 1

1

students rc< · . l . ,. 1 .1:-> O \ _e r tlHce hUndred an'~ ~ ~le rt ' l .111 :. -.. onna . II . "·ell 1 1 attended <. Lw pr<tcll ce ~~ unusua ) Th , . 1\.. G~ lsch oo ~ c·nju: ~·d a call from I Ion . .!-~ . ch apel. ldy. S l...'pt · to · ··tnd '·1 ·~ho rt tal k 111 ~ I iss "\ . . , . , Positi · 1_ 11 1n1 ~..: I wnd1 x1H1 h.ts an c xccll c.; nt co 111 j 11 11 • 1n t he..: l' had ron schools for th e l g ) c:a r. n1., he tra inin (r ·!· . . '-, .. s i:-: t,·-fo ur .'" "11l.b ~ <. .ts -., n u m ue t s - _, o- S Crs . '1' !1' 1- l 1. . . 1. . .., 11 t"ach"~ l' Irs l I\'ISJO n ue ~u '--' ept. 1o th · Pl'of · 1 '"eeks··. a nd "\1 rs . 11un c:-:.nson spe nt se,·e r~ sut11n el'tn .th e '' .es ll'rn 1)a rt o f L11c, s talc 1' . thts 1 bhey 1 ' 111 sea rch of zoolog·ical specime ns. <lelia nacte a Yc.: ry fi ne collection from the t~r nds Gncl Bl ack lli ll s. Qe,.. any o f th . · - ~ · r stu. ·~ts 1 e pros1)ec t1,·e seco nu ) ea . '11 1a ve f Colt . e rn plo ye d th e summ e r ' .aca t!O.n all ecttn o· . f th e tr Sr. \Vorl- o zo o locvy spec1mens or 1 ~~!;' • ' S o · 1 l1 ·Ctn1 "' • ome h a v c over a 1 un d rec <lv --ns · d . · . The )· e also t ea y for classdicatJO n .. 1'1 coll ec te d th e ir fa ll h e rba nu m. t~q 1e first , . d ,-e n~ 0 Llt· st ) ear cl ass h as re o· tstere se eek, i:lUcl e nts . A m o n o- these are R etta ea no t· 1\'I c ;:-.Fl 1\I 'l s R etta c un e, . . oy 1e

°

f9

Brid <Te Gene,·ie,·e ~faddox . Lydia Barnes, E dda.::- I\·• unn . Sada Tl10mas. A nn a Canon, Anna Sco,·il. Ch arles Tu cker, John Clarke, R obert Giffin, a nd J. Albert I\ eal, forme r stud ents of the eleme ntary course.

\ \ Tc are triad to a nn ou nce th at 1\Ir. Hor-

ace Lapie~re. r.ece ntly _of Chicago, l~as ope ned t\\'O stmhos, one 111 Nebraska Ctty a nd thr oth er in Pe ru. :.Jr. Lapierre is a li rst-cbss artist, \\' e ll ubl e t0 teach yarious bra nches, and has been the manager of a , . ew \ ' or·k· nrc , 1. ." 11tectura l o ffi ce f.or se,·era1 years. All '"ho des1. re a thorough course in water color, oil pa in tino·, mechanical or free-hand drawin cr as well as architecture :' should apply fo r .:terms at once.

MRs. M. 0. HRDSELL

_ _ Artistic Millinery Stylish Dressmaking

........

PETER CAREY! (1)1

x;ra

man ancl J3aggageman.

P asse nger:;

h a~ll ecl

t o an~! •f rom a~l p a rt:; of the city . 'Irunk h a nlln g a speCialty .

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FilE A\ .ORJ1.4L COURJ.t."'R.

Bnraska Stat Normal Sohoot

THE

PERU, NEBRASKA.

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ba~ement,

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<~. W . ELL IS . 13. A . , A. 1\I ..

ivii~s li'LORE::\ CE ~ r. WRIGHT. Tcacltet· of Oral nnd Written Arithmetic.

T MIS~ JENN IE :-.I ~L •!\.IN . B. ' 1 " eacl!er of Uni ted State s His tory and Geography.

'

MISS MARTHA WI NNE.

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f~ktn t:. "

two coocxe, of ""dY- a n E l"n e ntacy Ond a c·o, n·oc. On co n;pl ol n•, . tl tc pn11 C ted ,L, ell J . h p<loex a thoeongh cev"w o t '< <o nnoon ' ng '<h h •·a t . ;tre g t•·tn' ·J y s,of,;ec: . neJ ,c, toget 1' " '"'' t l' " c OLtr . ...· tile .iII.p-:d e re . f I E 1' ..'L ondc;· t·eaCJ,-, "I'!' led In the act Wh Jc t' comand pcactlcc "' . t each<ng, . I • o f "''. ' ""'"• . . t l" ' ·t sc ll clc"n.' "d o n I.".,J'L ' ' ·' tc:.L te ltod Rl K h Sc hoo 1- .w oua..,.a "ate ccctlfi oate 1 good t ' fi foe t two vcacx.. G <adIoa te, f <o n, a. n . nco,·cd . Ce l. ; fi '" ,,o d On C "cond gcac, cec • ca ex, can ccv,w a nc !<e ke the'"'"''"" •n one yea,-. . . Stato ted ecx holding 1 - , ol' 0 . ., is g : ompletino- t1e 1g c r o urse, c s uce nt 1:-; g r<tnted a Diplo n1a, Wnt c 1 1:-; a ro · · . "" • good foe thccc ""'''I and H · opon h Ce v.de ncc th o 't "'" 1 "a · ' a teachec fo e two " '""• · · 1a dd,bo · p n afcss ·r ·ut . 1o1n.d --ditc • 11 c cll 0 ,,, 1 d "' a llowed to la p". by ,.,.,o f n of leavfn " t he p;·of e ,lo n . Gcad nate, . . h om lDalj)O I w'II ·d•• cou•·,c . ·,cd foe life onle" It;, and Coi leg" ace g l vc n C<cdft fo e th el c a !tal n"' e n tx, but the y ace e x pee ted to tat<c t h e P.-ofe>." on ' , ,_-g " 1 the a c t< THE PRACTICAL SCHOOL. Th;, ;, the o nly lnxtrtc,tltl o n In th e xlo,t e wltr, a pel gcoded Pcoohoal Sc hool, <n w-h,, h evecyone g ,-ad"nbng fco m clt h c;- cou eoe """' take P' ·"'" Jl a ' ' B of '""enohon, nodec t he '"'"""•o n of expcc, e nccd a n d • killed "·ftfc t eachec, . · h alf do ,, d · · t f ·1· · 1 b · u.nd a ;: 111 0clerate in cost ran rring fr o1n two tot 1ree ts k oar 1n pnva e a n11 1es, and 111 c u s, 11

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Nri~~ T.~ILLIAN R. KELL OGG .

10 'che,

\\'t)rk comes from tl ll. ,-' -ormal prac. 1 tJcL . \ l . school . ;.\nd 1,::; under rl " . '".. ectJon o!. 1 ( ~<'l' direct Ot.) . 111 . t 115 . .ISSUe ) '-}'] iSS Bennett. .

r

:lvns~ ANNA B. HER.RIG.

e,,Che , Of

MISS FLORENCE G. BENNETT Primary nnd Kind e rgart e n.

JYII~~ 1VIAT'l'IE E LLIS , Pr e pnrn t ury De partm en t.

FRANCOIS BOUCHER,

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f~<',~_,e

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Catalogue and intromaaon furnished on application.

A. W. NORTON, Principal· /

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Prine· 1 t f Practt ce. 'IJ es of In s tructio n n lul Sup e rintenden

~~.:TIa"',(C ~I ~'"

Th B & M R R "' ve n ;cnt of ace"' ' xt P n.f ., ut d' I" ' · · · P" ' " l h congh t h e town, '"' '-og the " . h' oot con .tate. lL J . f ·orn tii O· b[C to d (?f! . 1 . . P GRADUATEs •It' "fe (1 and FacultyT are g ·lad t .. d ' th S . un1c"'·e a 0 tnnc1pal 'k · here S much g r eat e r de mand for th e g r ad uates from the sc h oo l than we.' atio rt '' 1 eo . .I 0 1 " " ' ' ace "e eogageo>cnt, to teach. . taV ohool Boacdx aod to pot the m m comu - u . oe· . o " " cspoo W< ENTRANCE. Stodentx 00 . . . A matnc 0 f tl<'0 o'-' ..1' five dollac, i, ccqulccd one " ent ec a t a ny -" 0 >c, bot the heM time "'" S e pte mbec. . dents . bfe pee oouc.e, wockfng In the foe the fi;·xt tun e. Th;, Is a ll that ;, c·equlccct except that actoO" G d t 0 1 o< " nae"ehun foe a •t . thC' a on es, are r eq uired to pay a labrato ry fe e of one dollar a term a.n ·r- tas t d"nand. po, ·g cadoate couc-, , OO<nplete oc paella!, P<<c'<>ing • nc h • tud;e, "'

Te acher of Vo ca l anc/ Ins trum e ntal Mus ic.

IDlLL,A JEFFERY . Libra rian .

JOH N BLANKENSHIP , J ,witor.

~~·.._BoARD OF E-DU-cA TION-L'"'o"' ~·-vJ!tO(l, · t-"i ll . J" ·

G

},} 1 Cll\

...-..

L -~--ojftr.: io, .1:'~~

. tcohl· 1897. artle y ... . State 'l'reas . , e_'\. e xpue" 39-1. · · s { • I """' · f j lK !i1J t1. ' .; 1'. · ·"-e n n· eely .. . . . . O nt.aha. ; t e nn . 1 eXP 1 re _ 11895. ttiJ11. .. ... Dak o ta C ity; g96. 1 Cl 't. J" ·13:. 1:!:· ? w e _.... .. . . . Auburu; t e \ 11 l~ · S. \Ve<LJor~ . .... _.. . . . .. P e ru ; ex ptres 111 ~· li:. !St . . . . . .. ... Benke lman , t ·de ut . lt.e oF T r-u·: no .. . . pres 1 ta.rY· ~~ 1)]1"'"o~ Llch,'ln ed_,," · · . . . . . . .. . ... - · · · . . . . . . . .. . . secre . r. . s tll e r. ·~ ...-..-' · . . ...··· '}'rea. 1 · .· .· _·.· _·.· .-.· .· .· .· .· .· .· .· .· .· .· .· .. . · · · · ·to ll·

.l-tiJ'1.lio!S. S. B ttdy ... S upt. Pub. lm;., · ·"'

te 1.~ 1 eXP~~e~ eXP~ 1 eS. 1 398.

~httrc~p~Fcer

.t~ ,l:t. ~·

0 ~"Ftci·: Hs

t::.

u~o.

'-~ I1L . -<:~<trtle.y

1..'·"<F.C \ "'l'lVJ.: CO :I'LMI1"J'... F.L ·

li.o\\'e '

...

• 1rrc• "·ill be an a rticl e fro 111 ,-' 11ss . 13 enne·tt . pretaJnlng' to the. '"ork · les.sons an d pla ns asses, poems like thosr used 111 her c\\·n cl · · 111 1anauaae that mar be paraph rased fo r tiSC · . . . ::>I e lessons, ·ga mes and bus )· work f or1::> 11tt . 111 eroa rncs. quota tions ±rom promin ent k' d . _ ten magaztnes, and notes from th e

of Reudiny, Drnwiny, Ciuil Gouemme nt and Book Kee ping.

"'" · e ·

Lab,"i"~ng

nt

~

Teacher of Lnngun ge and Grnmmar.

c~•:;f;•u

mar~·

departme nt of the school. . Alth ough th ese heads may n_ot all appear 111 e ,·er y Jssue ,re fe el safe in promisino· )·ou ~ rh\'e pages or nea rl )' so, of excellent mate ia l, This u·ill be espec ially useful to those u·h o left the schoo l last year seniors a nd training class. ot one should try to do

Tcnclte t· of Mathematics nnd Latin.

":~ ~;adfng'

fi,~bec

pot~mc,

- . ·_ H put pose ot this de 1 · ts to lurntsh su itabl C, nlch<'!''c . _ . I for . tc<tchns. · In

. .

pri~rr

HERHEH.T DR0 \\'1:\EL L.

'i

a re

'"<

Dl1:'\ CA K SO K, B . ~ .. A. :'.1..

Tea cher of Chemistr~ 1 , Physics nnd Asttonomv.

Co

't"':."'~,

PRE~E l'TRT\SS .

l aach e r of Botuny . Gcolog!J nnd Zoology .

The Elemeritacy a nd R eview da,e., have acccxx to the cabl,etx, th e todmctocl ox " '"' "'""' '' \nd fo•· g' at, o '"pplled w<th a ll n eee'Xacy he lpx fo e e n abll ng t he.,, to '""kc a '"'"pi e t c , , , · ,.,,. r "' h J ··clx, 't o ne:- . · ·r1,re· 1" 0 1 0 them facility ao d ' "' ll 'n 'lloxtca l "" . . ·ca tcot ,g-

Th

n.

H.

1

The llbmy '" ' " . than _oeven th o n<and vo l'"" " and pa n, ph let<, all .xclcc[cd wit h The •todcotx all have " , f;n·nf , h cd w •th a ll t ' 0 f "' " """to thc,e book,. 1'hc J<e;uJfn,. Roo•n ;_ a''"" · S cle n t1 fie and P ' ' " "ona I h n·n at,, a n d a I n '"" b oc of da lI y a nd w cc k I y pa po;·.,.

l·:LIZ ,\ t' . :'\h)R(;.\0:.

eacher of Liternt11ro . Rho tori~. Gemunl History nnd PhvsiologiJ.

Lab~t·ato~·y

1

.

llyciloloo•! · Ethics . Logtc nnd thfl Scu11ce and Art of Tcnchwg.

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t'.- ,

NORMAL SCHOOL. l·'.\C l. LTY .

A. \\' . -:\(ll~'l'Oi'\ . . \ . :'IL. P~t:\ CII' .~I ..

TrQrh

'"'"PPoc

s es of Study ·

11

. .Tlw , _.

0 in the of a t ht·i,·in orr CIJIIIIIIIIIltly. »urro un cled b •r llltluctH·,•,., .,f the ·1' "t . (1 ,·a il ,e.\.., 0 rt. . 1110 . \\' Jt111 oil',.,O IIl C, ·, fOl' Th e toaw d . whlo·•h oompc;" ,, ;, ocmx of boan tl f n I noctn. <a! W<>o<i locn<l, <><·r.-Jonk the """""'' " -,w,, The gmon ' • . . ' ' · lh'" . n.x, f o , c "' . """' boc. """"! . of the "'""' . ' ' 1'"'n "l Inn g ' h· ' "" man y·mll<>. bolldlngx ace la cge, pleaxa n t and oo mnwd •o , " 'ld" "'"! · · ean d • - library , <u td a l>ot kt . c g 1 ,, Vernon Hall,hod a .do n n ito ry f o1· ladies, ;L two ..,l,J ry xto nTh <> . with a IacgeMt. Wocl"ho p allao . ; n '" "' el l 1 0 mo house, dep,·tment o f the .'O hool <x . . 1 . wo II <n. t h appl•. a noo., fo e " ." ."' " tI" I " , ·' ·t in ·... l rtl l cal Evecy "'' 1 " ' P" tlvely. The Chemical and Pbyxloai Lab ,·atocl ox a,·, Wdl fnn• lxhed wfth appllan oex xo that oa,·h '""': 1 , , ooff tthe hO •> ' erlonn x h" own <xpe n, nentx, ae< tnn·•n g faod,ty '" n•an •pnl at,o n, and a r•·a<t>eal !"'"" k< n " "' daxx" P •. he pocxoe.. . . . . JI · WY · ( ·colo , The Biological 1s s upplt ed wtth C<.Lbtn ct , of th e <>c vc ql cl c pa.rtt c t:-, o f Nal :tral · 1.-, 11 11 Mlnecology, eto., and '"th '"'"O>eopox and othoc '" '"'" """''foe aet na! w o ,·Jc ,,e An Ast ronouuca l L ab ratory 1s fu rnt s hell Wtt h a g-ootl equato rially 11101111 t ecl tcl c,.,co Jc . . . ·u1d: ,r

a'~'

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1\u-.int•,...., :'\[au;'!.!'l!r:..

STATE

contal~,

.,.~,, \\ ~,n~\.:t'r ' . .1. .T. KIX<; . I. 1·:. :-;T.\::-\FUI-!0.

\\T present t . . U out read st ol a series 0 f . · C(Hnpnslnt!· . · a 1)rin1 .,u. \. de'J)a rt1 · , ·Mt1cles ·fn RlFR Tl , _· . mnt tn I liE

. .

flu ni ,h ,:J nn ·'rf•ll\..u t'n t•' Hu ...

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\'VI lTll ·f· "... .t..: \@ t•rs this the· iss

ENT .

. I 11l,..l'rthlll . . ,·n I 1111111. -.tug,. .. , .... ...

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RIEl( .

A u1 errl.sfne Rnrt•... .

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1 11/S I S 0 ;\ 'I _V ,\.01.' ,1!./ 1.. )f'IIOO I . FON T ill:' TN/ 1/N I N r: OF 'F h'.- / C!J i:' N S I N ,\'f:"IJN.! .)X . ! .

EDITO RIAL.

BUS I NE,SS DE,Pf\RT

....

~

NORft1AL

.)

\V. E . M a j on.;,

_A .

,V. Nr

OI

without it. is not a primary teacher in the But \here s tate ,,ho co uld not u·ell profit by it. To th e rl\ embers of the school ,,bo are a pproac hi ng the training and seni or classes " ·e " - uld sa)' that b)' a careful stud y of this 0 d epartment of TH E c oc RIER you will be much more able to accomplish your work in th eWh practi ce uclasses. en yo pass out from the school you \\iII have in your old C ou RIERS outlines lor primary work, which ca n be used again a nd aRain and ,,.ill not g ro" · old with time.

~

--------

" Education, to be worthy of a human b eing. must be co ntinuous, must proceed upon th e sa me plan from th e begmmng thro" o·h a pro o-ress tve sequence, accordtng to th.;'stages of development. - fi--oebd.


J8

T!-JF !VQR ;1£

c

-RI F:R.

TilE .\.OR.Jf.-1 f. CO CRIER.

SOCIETY NOTES.

ak . 11·IS ltTil . broad enough for this terms work. .Inns 'II t htra te <II n Jl.llllf . 11 t ' \\' :\ '>. 1 <>I. tl · ~ H· 111 . . • occup ied about one hour and a half. h Philomathean S ociety. tht·ir · . <~st 1111t"r t ...,llll •· J>I.H:t'S sl't'll on Il ennlc ga\T an cxct·llcnl paper on .. t . )Oilt 11 l'\ I ... . \111 o .,. · !' (l ilt I >t·n\ t·r tn Pik c "s Pt'ak . 11 1 '' Po litical Situ ation of A ncicnl Italy, fl \' A ,\J EM13 ER . •<·oru•·t tlwsr· · \\ 1 '~" 1 ' a p.trl o l till' ~Tl'<H whi ch he showed cl(·arl\· th<' condition · ~, 0 \ \1 1 I 11 1 1 · · 'lth its 1 .. .' 1': l.trthtT nn , P.dmna lak<' - rnm cnL o f Rom t 11c peop le and thc g·o\·e }ttt'\\:t) 1~< ;ll!ll~ td .l tll!IH .1in in t hl· ~Tt~ter: t.lw Ph 1'lo society will stu dy places of in - under th e anc icnt kingdo!ll. 1It t < , , t rrlt· 11 , lf tl w t .nds. wtth '-'ll'\\'s of The. ur ow n cou ntry th is term. Th th I n an\' · . • 10 . v gr<"tll · <>1 l· h <'llllPUs rnc k tormanon; tere_s t bee n sub:divided in to " places ll . < )['( )\\' ., • • 'I' 111I u-ht 1 . ll I I t Ill" rol' k l oo ktn•"~" as 1 Wel/ingtonian Societ) . subJ~ct ri~al interest, " and '' places of natur ll) · . ~ OSt • 11 • I . ~ ..... .tl :tn n · . t t ,t J1\' monwm : th l' f hts to , In the the first prog ram Ne w 1•1Jor do· 11 1o, :1 s · >1 t1r. ·Jt.u .~ rt'd· sand · swne ptl·1. a] ti[lles and of to day is lt• ht 1~~~ at I!\' A \I I~ .\ I I; 1-: 1.: . 11 rno . . 1c J ~d I . . I . I I port ~eel. Talks are to be ~iven on St. I[ St IItlt•r . . . t < 1 11 .~· 1. ;tnd pl·rhaps t lt' . t t: ll - "LI 11t J aci ·(·Slin.~· ol :til. 1lw u-r,t\' l' nf I klen sketc tne the Santa Fe Tra J] a nd Santa ~l' h c \i\lcllin · gto ni·a n souety · I1cas- JU S wit 11 « 11 '- SC>n I . . .-.. . . school of Sa nta Fe may l Js h I•r h u 1> on the silk ol .· 1 lltinta 1· . • · . · ·tc ncc \\ d h f I tl ( n In . . . .... . tcre t e seco nd yea r o JLS ex IS cner· f e. ken of. A pa ntom ime pe rta ining if . ' 1 Ill nv <~To\· c and IS C()\'l' rcd tat\1. 1 P(' l)l) 1es I .-.. ' n: e mb e rs h ip of thirt y-t \\·o ca rn est~ lfi ce rS · a be05 to som e of th e s ubj ec ts di scussed ~ th <'"<' · Wapt·d hi u h O\Tr it . \ · isiwrs h c~~- . ., J><'l I I .. . gey1c wo rk e rs a nd a n a bl e co rps of Jres id"nc Pdunng ~ the evening closes . the prog ra m. a11 e 1. ~:qll< ·st. It~·) ~: s ; t\\ :ty \\'ith then~ . but . by M1ss L iu ie Bratt \ras elec ted )d , 11 t uf th ~,. t· I· .l\ 1 11 .~· t \\· u stones lnr l' \ 'Cn· . A nn a C·ay . ha rt , ,·1·cc JJ r es· i e r[J1 Philo has amo ng its me mb ers J Ose ph a nd 1M JSS ·5 ca) <l\.(' \ . . . \v-,_'llons . · ' l i lT \ ' IC \\"S ol a number G1.111.1an, e T. S. Va nFlee t a nd J e nn ie Borst. ~ . . , fa ll tern1<•~s l . 111 · l )I·I·t• 's P l·ak 'ttsc ]!. ' 1o,, 11 <l ild' l' I ~<lr•,.<·s 1 he s u bJCCt chose n fo r the ·• sub 1 !.l1 . . . . •':'> t . . · ' 'The Hi s to ry of Hum a n .J c 1a \rery. A ong its visitors Frida y e venin g Sept, Is, th<· . that ll H · tran· ltTs asce nded 111 the > f ll· , . . . I .:ere VinaCanon and Kitti c Tyn a n. di vid ed as fo llow s: Stt1,.1 ~ I t th , - 1111 .~·ht St't' rlw sun nsc, <U 1L 2I , - . I. ,-·'\ ncI _t I1c, S la ve ry in ea rly Lim es. -!:1 ~ l v'4~1lt , ~ '' ltnl.st· l,-(.s. l. u II \' l"l'l)aJc ~~ !"Li lj1() I tI1Cll1 l) j(). . h( ''t. clC I t·IH' kcturc tct G rec ia n a nd R o ma n S la ,-c ry . The Everett Society. ) r <. P ••tl( . I I.or the t1. 111 C sn <' lil \ .)P ~cl · Se rfdom an d F e ud a lis m . ·e 1 t! t·af A n te -~ l a v e ry mo ve me nts . fri cCJ n s l~ ' BY A MEMBER . l~ '8 . 0 ' A me n can s lave ry a nd the A · h"'-S ·tc[ t·o l-\.~ ·11 liL . C '' t J· 1· <.' t t . st qW r ·lntC' n de n t. c1t. t rad e . . ,.vc ~!) , o w sc i I . I 1. () 1. \ , . C:<t r r .· · 10u s 1s a rcu· u a r se n ual time for mee ti ng , Sep te mber ; e~tl d d •V { ) lll o· . :::. ) 1 . t he s p n.ng te rm o f. ] asoW t d c D unng At u:rett hall was fi lled to its utm ost thQ t·.J. 1 .-.., . t num b e r of e x t ra stu c tcs. a. be I4, the bv member and visitors. T he so. tl.: 11thPll l P1·t l.' \ .<• c l Ic r, c h ss · I pap e red ou r ha ll a nd h ave 1h1 pe tO ·fl o· 0 1· · R~ 1 . occ UIJICC. 11 capacity {diately we nt into a cvm mi ttee of . 1 xr 0 J rl 0 J ~ t l t h (' 1 . . ' . ( ' curta ms to the w i nclo ws. V \ e 1 1c rn a. . . 1,' t , ~2) · - i ,t jl t lst c h urc h he re ~ c p ciety ImJ to consider the repo rt of the coill. . t1L~ ble to a ca rpe t the no o r so o n_, t ~e . q · e on · the who e subJ'ect for fall ter m stu dy. th e roo m mu ch m o re att rac t 1ve · ot )·ec; haa]~ . B (~d(~ ll I . . · . . , mJtte mittee reported un favo rab le on this J1 tl· (j ~1 i ' s 1> 1 I n c 1pa l o l t h e L a \\" re nee The co:nd the society chose instead of .. To th ose stud e n ts wh o . b a \~~ belfe j t et ss \1 · Clb \.: r- I I) cl· l\ f l' Dickens an d his writin g s, Italy and JO in ed a ? y so~i e ty, wh o w Js h the na.o'ic'('< Swi tzerland. .11 ~1 · I ~t• · <l. n o n b c •..... o·cul h L·r sc hool on ' \ \ :;; < . mak e thi s soc1ety wor t h y of to dq tJ0 1 ~ I . :) } ' b ea rs, of him w ho h as ta ug 11 t du s·aJ in v1ta.J a."r \:(.) ~~~ :;,cl it l Messrs Ruch and Taylor were ca lled for we undertake we ex te nd a cor 1 wh 0 1 Ltr I 1 \ . <l. llll1 .Icl dl<_.s \\' O t" t h a nd tv·r·iSS 1\Q . Cl. c: [- . and each fa vored th e society With a short 1\ . 111 . \. cl.r ~ -. . , ~ speech. , ~ ~d he artil y' we lco m e t h 0 se t[ ' J I, th ~ 1\ r tcl.k iJl n· Cl. J)OS t o-rad u ct tl. J'iO rtl · ] . :-.. JOined o ur ra nks. b'"" t·()' Q () f . l cl . b 21 September the hall Was fi lled to over. . lt t f t t Rh t h<.~ I -. 1Qlh Clt) .t !) ttld, . )tJ .Q· h kst ;.t s \\.' c· ll as m ost fl owing. A Iarg_e nuillber of new illeillbers \ \·•' tq_ · 1 ~;:: ~nt · · ·. ( ~ tlJl'l1. in ~ !1 Ye a rs· th ~· se co nd yea r class IS were voted m, lilcreas,ng the numbe r to Locals. -t 0f si xty-seven. ~\11:: 1\l. v "'. ~c: h o I s o l ao- C' . If she s houl d P. a.J'5 0Jl ''I '-~ O n cxt • · : :ycar :. £ ' 6 a a. . l~ <1. , , • Llrl::,·1 ct h e class O L .9 ) sse ~ 111 · . : t 1 1 t t· J Q· L ·1 \'(_ • +r The firs t reg ular Prog raill of the Year Was 1 R e v. a nd M rs. V a n ~] ee~ ~Ja 1~ ot1~ ~~. ~ ';~~­ lit:~- Clf <l t·!) . Lt n y j) ITc e di n o· class o carried out by five illeillbe rs. T he y fur. the s um me r vaca ti o n 111 t of S l.,e0 1,eC\.t\ ~ • },J ~ . v. 0" ~~, . l i:l, to Cltt nished ample proof that our s ubject is Colorad o. O n the ev enll1 ·.ens~ a. fv JO J .,. , t "~ on . l I1e gave t h e s tud e nts an ~} C l tice t l)~ S <:tf t e r o , .~·a n i %t~ d t h e sc nior ~· cacnt. 0 .. ~Pt. l 8Pray c;- m ee t ing . -~ u esd ~\ te res tin g acc;o unt of th.e tr as . fh c Gr s t l a \V ol n at Ui cl •

: . t

-

h~s

intef"R~volutionary

~uguT~e'Indian

sf~Je

I

-

th~

I

-

~eJf:r~~s

.. , ,

I

'-

-

.

9

. presum ex . -:\I .·

o·i \ ' ('11 - t 0 • otton tends to 0 us: br Prof. Nort · IH' n ·o us e xc ?tn, tatJOn. ,. \\'"ts ' · amplr re!J1 e\·e · b ul not so clca rl ' . ' emo nstra ted b•." 1a · didn't ) . by the class. 13 utJ ..hJ,....m ·'II kn. o,,· tl1C plcces ,. H e ''I>1 , do tts best .· d . o,,.e,·er the I .. . an all 1 k c ass O? fo n,·ard to 1 easa nl and profit·dJl ' e meetln<Ts

\I iss ·Della pH)l.st . IS att o ... • . . ~ .Ig.un. O,hc fi nds he r h; ' end wg schooi ]"· her ,·isit th e """''-calth much Improved

t~

. .\ fiss ' Li1.%il' K('ett c, 1 1l,ts . her ld I IH' "shland public . ,1 1 pos1t10n 00 5 ,·ancc of salan· c sc ' r' C \lith an ad· • < - • .:1eptcmbc . 5 correctly reported her at r ,\ 1·1.1anceOO RIE R m-

°.

111

~radc )a\TI~ IJort

. .\ f r. \Y. L. .I IS . . teacl .· . · seco nd I ll the publ ic I Hng " ' the maha City. sc 1ools of Ne·

. Friday. Sq>t. 'r "·as a hoi ida,· o 11 ount ac f I of t h1e county ta 1r at •-\ ub ut.11' · · Some 1 .) LI 1L' srut cnts .,,-e nt. oth ers. \\·c-I t t 0 picniC . . S. n·ma "'"d at h 0 111 c. ., · . :- f iss JIa ttir l ay lor. , a for mer eleme nti r . . ' • c 11 ensJudcnt. c nrcn'd school Set)t ? r a d )

· "" s onll'

---

rolled as a ln·st year.

Th e militar)' Hand m et on the fi rst Thurs· day n1ght of the a nd organi zed as fol· lo ws: President. 0. P. Palestine ;· sec re: t a r)' a nd treas urer, E. L. Klotz; instructor

t~rm

Pro f. F. Boucher. ' I nst ru men ts were ass ig-ned to th e differ· e nt members in th e foll owi noEd .l) T o . Va nce, clan one tte ; '· a ble r, Eb cornet: E . L. Up teg rove. sol<; Bb cornet: £, L. Kl otz I st ll b corne t: F ra nk JV[artin, 2nd ·Bb Joe Gillila nd, t uba : O. P. · Pals· t ine, baritone : !) . E. Ma rtin. JS t tenor : C. W. Vest. solo a lto: T om Majo rs, rst alto ; P. Whi tehead. , nd alto; £. Wortman, b ass drum: \V. W. :-lorton, snare drum . T he band has a rra nged to practice three h ours each " ·eek a nd expects to be ab le to a i\•e sa me fin e music in a ve ry short time. F rom th e in terest ta ke n a nd considering the the ab ili ty of the me mbers and especial· l y f ·the ins tr nctor, c r eryo ne ex pects the 0 p rese nt year to be a mong the. Pest 1n th"-

ord~r :

co~net:

~[.

histor)' o£ the. band.


'

TtiE, • ·•

E

t BLIS H ED

nrma atnurit~~

StiJt6 Normal SfihOOI

NEBRf\SKf\

PER.U, NEBRASKA.

---

PUBLISHED t' IONTHL Y BY CLASS OF '95.

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1'he Bfolog;cal L abocato•·y ;, "<tppt; .,, W<th ' of th e " ' 0 '·' ·k · of N;'t "' ·' 1 d •', he """"" · . cah ""' . . 1 ' l: 1,,.b.,cnt< M;necotob'Y, etc., '"d w; th m ;et·o"'upe.< and ut h" 'nob·u' " ' " I< f," nctu a I " o ' · .. , ,;c>· ,; ol An Aatcono'"''"' Labcatoec ;, f"e" ' " " '" " ' goo eque " ' · . . 1 o b<c< . ,d , · 1 1 ·· t l · r t1 . t( ·i·L!J v II HJtt n tccl t e lesco p e . ·va.to for, . The Elcmentar)• a nd R e vi e w c la;,;,es have acces;; to tir e C<t bJJr ets, tc a Jt, . t . . of s llhJ ec . t C• ,r· at"' aopphed W<th all nee.,,,, ,.,. " g " '" o "'·' · ' he lpa f m· ' "·' I t ('I .. ,to n Ce,l _\ a"' · l <. ·"'"''·, t eSg ,, "'' · · ' ])[ ' 1 r t J t · k e ;1 ·COt1 tllp) (' • lcctcd walt them facfU ty ""d ak ;u ;; " '"1t•·abon. , . . 7c ad" ' d w; t h a II I '!'he Ubcaey con ta; n, m Ot·e than " ve.' t1 too •an t1 vo I"' " "' au d pat uph lcb, " 11· '!'he atudenta ali h a,e t he fceeat "'" " to thc>e books. 'fh c R cad;ng Room" "apc t·a. a<fne., Scfeo tffic and p cofo<,; 0 n.a I J o u t·n a I' · a n t1 a Iocge , """bee of t1 a li y a " d " eo kl .' P

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Courses of Study:

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'rhece ""two co"'·' " of <t""' - •<n B lc me "'"'J a ., d a Hfghet· '"'" '"· On comp c " ·e ; u tlte I g <'"". , t<· e.j ciP'11 Id Whkh contpc;.,, a tl tocough """"'· •Wof t he co m nton bcanch e.< toget hc ,· w;th. a I0°".' ;t f tc' • :.r. 's'tr• b n"' tl eh e, tsElae tll,.,, atcuct<on aod pcacbce '. " teac. h......_ ;ng, "ndoc .to,ac Ite.·, >In.n!l ea ; " t h e a.·t o f c nt< c<aut. t h. e. ·s !ttc 11"'"1 o r c·1 11 11• ;J< . . . . . ·c9,o•J Ond """' atato ceetifica le good foe two Y<ae<. Gcaa""''' h o "' a " awe a fled H 'g h " ' b uo 1 ' c•' 1d. g'ol' ""-old;og "'Ond gcade Cet'tffi cate. . CO lt ' "'; ew and I> I« the tea; , ;ng ; U Ou e y eat· · . a l Stat_.,o "5cl< 0 ' On completf ng th e B fg het· Co ""' · the ' '" deu t ;, g ca n tetl a n; p 1" ' n a, w h ;c h ; ' a Pn :'c ';;;' for goodl fOe the., yea"; and "P• n CV«Ic ., ce ol a !<ache.· foe two y eat·,, , addtbo u .d c' c r·e fl lte tlrse·1..,eel ''f'• un l' "· '"t "a · 11 owed to la pw 1>v ccaao., o .f 1ea,.,, · , "' " p cofe"•on · . G •·ac1ua t c, · ·f r o ntf <t·afOt '", 1 co , g a'tl"a J '' and Colleges ace g ;ven C'Cd;t fot· the ;; a tta ;nutent,, but'thc; ace ox pe'cted t o taka th o P •·o " · . fullY ,ct" ,,i 0 0 •. , PR AC'I'ICAL SCHOOL. Th;, ;, the o ,ty ; n<HM; bon ; n the >tate w''t i' a .t'ac Hcc ' II''· , 0 .; t< r ' goaded P'CChca I Scboot, ; w hfch cvec yon , gcad ua t; n g fcom , ; the e co " ' " """ t take P' a t e ·n tJJ , l{ d of '""'"'bon, Uodec tbe ' " P"v"'"" of exp""" Ced a nd ak ;lled cn bc teach,·, . . , and a 0 .. 0 "o 1 1 ' Boacd '"pc;v,, fao n [[;", ann ;, cloh,, ;, "' Odecato ;, "0". "'" " ' l Wu to " " ec ·I J1J. .

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Tc rm .s o f Sub:;c rl p cio n:

One co py, per sc lr oo l y e a!'. . .. . .... . . .... . . . .... ... . Sll'O Siu g le copi es, cac lr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.'> All ~ u b > C ri p l iO il > :trc con,iJ ,•rt"J l' •' rm:tncn t unti l orJere;! di,co nt i nu eJ andnrrcnragcs pa i J . 1\d ,l r~,~ all.: o mmunications to TilE N O RMAL COUR I ER .

Entered at the Pos t office lit Pe ru, Ne br . , as Second Class Mall Matt e r.

SC H O OL DIR E CTORY. PH I L 0 ,\\1\ T II I:AN . Soci ety every FriJ:t\' eve nin g- dm i n g- th e sc h oo l term s a t 1 n'c loc k . All ~~~de n_Ls arc cordial ly in\' itt•d to j o i n u s in o ur li1erary wo r k. e spec i nl l ~· those of the h ig h er co urse 0. 1'. P ,\I.~Tit"t . President. EVERETT SOC I ETY. Eve ry Frid ay evL" n i n)! during- th e sc h oo l t e rm ~ . N ew st uJe nts are es Pecially inv i ted 10 joi n us i n our litcrar~· work. ROBeRT Glr-F JI'. Pres.

WE: I.LI NGTON I AN 50C I En

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FRAN CES MJ; A Dt:l~ . P rcsiJcnt.

CO RPU S HITUt\i. Evc ry l Friday

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J urin g- Hc>liday > anu <p r i n g- v ac:n i on . A NNA .\t cCoY. Presi J cnt.

T H E NO l(MA L i\o\ILI T I A. I'ROF. H. B. O U N C AN~UN . ·2J L i c u tc n a nl . Cn m ma Jhl cr nf Ca J c ts .

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\ ;:;:, . . l~a\·c bee n helpful in stuJ yJn g the IJO t clll ) . . I 1 ·eve! at . of C cnesJs tn rco·arc tot 1C I . ' state men s ~ . ~ 1 • cn·ea t ftr st . f th e matr n al " ·o rl d to t 1_e ~ · . . t JO I1 o . .-.ttl' r of the most profo un d Jnte r .

. . e an a;:, n1 ca ns t h t· o ppos tte o! th . t . o·o nIt ist . · . . . latJOn. '''c· \J s ot se tc n ce a nd 1 eve . . ;no <t, ~ ~ tl1 . . . I t me,tn ;:, tCl tL clt th e Bibl e 1s mo re t ul 0 . a cll ( ' . . s Ui 1c 1e nti st 'l1..1-<tin•tt ·Q !)c tln n to o ne ,,·ho J. l . ' ~ c.

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nl <...cn esls. more iu lh· thac n one w I1 0 kn O\\' S · ~~o~l~l-llg' o~ the ,,·o nd rous teachings of the ~ ocks. "\ ot that th e Bible teaches u·eolo o·y In any dcoTec. H ere ·ls ·I b b·, ., · . ~ . . · " 1ere too ma ny ha\ . c mcH.l . c .c.l ~<r ra v c mlstaJ"'·.."' · Tl1ey 11a ,·e tr~cd th c 1r sc1encc ·\\'ith th e science· of the B1 ble a nd ha Ye proclaimed th e result as a n antagonizism. '" h e n th e response of th e Bible mig ht be. · ·Oh no. the ir is n o a nta o·onism bct\Yec n y o ur scie nce a nd m in e ; l ha n : not atte mpte d to teach any science. ·· I t is not teac h ing sc ic.: ncc to te ll us tha t t he hea ,·ens and the earth were made by God . 1t is simpl y re ,-c latio n th at no man in com pe te nt to affi rm o r de ny. The grea test sacrc kn o \\·s no m o re of th e ori~Tin of thin b<Ys b ~ th a n th e dull est p lO\Y -boy. I t li es u tte rly beyo nd the reach of huma n ke n. So " ·he nc ,·c r " ·c hea r mr n tell of th e e rr ors of Ge nes is in regard t o creatio n, ' " e · ma y respo nd ·th at n o ma n is co!l1}_)ete nt to speak 9n the s ubjec t. a nd so we m .<L)' q uie tl y pass it by with o ut f urth e r co ncer n. N (; \\. let us sl'e "hat "·e m ea n b y th e s up . . . 1· l ' \·c' l·tt io n. \V c mean this . th a t t j> \ l' lll l' Il ell ) . · ' .· t)l lrro loP·)· a nd ast ro no m)'. .a nd

Supplementary Revelation.

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Catalogue and intromation furnished on application.

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"'" " hoB. & M. R R. P·'"" t h <nug h the t,.. ., , "'""''" th e >C hoo l co n" " " n t of acceo.< bl ' ·t l' ., pI' 1 T . to ' I' ''l'' . GRADU A 1'E:s 'rl · · . 1· ·· u'''" "' "· . t• ' 0 p · · 0t """moot; th en;,,d, "'Cad uate.< e " >el"too t ' " """' " 0 an d .F · glad to ' " "g oeat<t· " POnd"'"""" "'tb Sofo,· hoot and ht oom p utth" ;, l cou<U .· ,,,tl)e ' " ' " <mg '°Kag""'nt, to teac h. at' " f t' ,o BN'I'RANCE. St,1 d t . . . . . A "', ,, • 1 b' . " ' en ' Cau '"t"· at '"'' tu oe, but th e h c<t tn ue ' ' ' n S cp te ut bee: t ,t,d ' '. ct"" fiv e don.,, ·a · .. o' 0 0 couc,, foe th o fi,·, t " " "· Th;, ;, all t h a t ;, ccqu;cod except t h o t · f oe of on e do II ;, . a tot·"' !' e"" · G """"" : g<etu,·n ' efoca a '<ton'", "'"·oqu u·odto pa ·v a Ia b cn to cy '' . t h ' " demand. ' po, ·g cadu a t c cou c.o, ' " '"Ploto 0c p;u·t;a l, "" '·oufng «<e h ' ' " ' ' · WC<k .

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location i;, incoth e rn idst Janel. . () Ji,,lilt>t'\' [ a0 COllltJJuni t v. Wc!nd ;.. urro uud cd c,v hye rlcJO inOukc tl11· nq•....\[o.,,.., nuri 111-<i\' r""' ato lc,., 1c ll'h 1 l'Ll.ttr:tl The The grrotrnds . whrc1 ntpnsc s rx of itCra.cst hr n. ,•r'.·n g, l'f f tir e 10 " tdL \' acl · · 1 · · • · Jf l' t! 'l ll I II I • ' 'llt ll r• rl 1 1 maoy mtlo, ' t f t ir e nr ;u u g·rJI <> Th e .building:; a re larg-e , ple;L;,; r nt illl cl ..0 f.fJ·,. l·lclr'" , 'L two ;..to n · Jihr;rr\'. a nd a .J irt e:t ' · ,. o,"" ". " .. ,. Vecuo., I I a II , ". dortJrt ,odr;•I " ' fu' ," ; " "'"" hcc . 1 , ;t "'... c"tr·JJ Ct.'otJ 1 . mo ho use, with a larget wo p hoo ilttac . . • f ' r .-i..-i"" tir e 1 <'" '·t l<'very departrncn of rks th eh osc l hr;,cc11· c c•o ·11 1 1 " . I l '"' '' · . 11 c'I '"PJ1Cd wrth app r:t JJ ce ..., 1 ,..., ,... f t lr C"' bJe< 1 1 r cspecbvclv. . . tltat cac lt rn e "" d q ; o f t hO, .. .. . . . . 1 Th e Chemrcal Ph ·vs rc Lal.Jr.t to rr.·es · f '' II. 1. t . <he<! . · ,ut hl·latr'pp cJn """" a nd a "' JJI';Lc hc.:.t " · . h ".and . ;d. '" , . a. ,., ... I 1" ' C<jllli'IJI · 1 • ota"" peTfon,. owu OXpet·u " t ' ·.· '' "I' "" LLCIJ ·\' lllliJ , 1I 11'"' .. H;,t 0 '.'• ·

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STf\TE., NORMf\ L SOHOOL.

PERU . NEBRASKA, OCTOBER, 1894.

VoL. Ill.

T / ! 1.)' I S 'fl!l~· 0 /1/J, }' .\'ON.l/ . 1!, SCI fOOl. FON 'I "! I!~· T!U I/ 1\'JJ\'(; OF T/;' .·I C!!J:;N .'I !.\' ,\'f:"I.'N.ISA .. I.

1892 BY T H E CLAS~ OF ' 9 .1.

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t fc rc now is a pCJ in t of thC' u tm ~st impo r. ta nce. T hey must both spea k o ( the _sa_m_e th ing, and they mu st both . b<: t ru ly . ':' tc J: preted. Ei th<:r o l th~·sc I_ H' J n .~·. n e~l ~c t<.; cl 01 . . perve rted may wo rk JJ:finttt: 111 J ~cl.1 J c.l. \rVith thi s 'm· pa1·atton we ITI <l) g 0 to th e • L study of scJcncc; and th<: ·1_)>J·1J Jl .· . . .v.,r.<.:,· _·.sha ll fi nd room for eve ry buna jt de d isCo\~~ ) of sc ience. Th e lim its of th is a rticle will_ nut allo w any ext<.: ndccl <'xa min a ti o n_of th1 s tc. pron.~ its truth . O n<.: ut t\\ <~ pcJ tnts , .h o ,~·­ !ver, may be brid ly touc hed o n as a n il lustration of the p ri nc ip le. _ . fak e the nint h ve-rse, •·A nd Go d sa1d, let the waters unde r the heave n be gath e red togeth e r unto one place , a nd le t the city land appca" ancl it was so. " H ere now IS roo m for all that has ye t bee n di scove red 111 the study of roc k form ation. A ll that the Bible attempts to state in rega rd to Jt IS, that all that we fi nd in the mo untatn s a nd 111 th-e bowels of th e ea rth we re p lace d their by th e wo rd of Gael , a sta te me nt t hat a ll a re g lad to_fl ncl ancl which no ma n is compe te nt to deny. T hi s now in rega rd to the reve lations of geo logy. In the twelfth ve rse we read, ' 'A nd th e earth broug ht forth g rass and herb yielding seed after its kind, and tree beari ng fru it, whe rein is th e seed t hereof, after its ki nd : and God saw th at it was g ood . " In this we find a statement perfectly co nsistent with all the revelati ons of botanical study. It is no attempt to speak th e g en. era, order, class or species of plants ; all that is left to the botanist, as he is perfect! y competent to do it, but he wo uldn 't be com. pelent to tel! of the orig in 'of the gritss and herb and tree bearing fr uit, so t he Bible comes'" to su~plernent man's kn owledge at a po1J1t wherem, . . . he mu st otherwise for _ th1 ever s. rema,n Jn 'g orance, i. e. that God did

Th~ in refe rence to botany. !\:ow a Word re,~: <! to zoology rn the twe nty-fi ft h ~erse, . ~ncl God made th e beast '.of the k·1n ~~dth afte anclreIts ·" ·ktnd, I · and the cattle afte r tl1e t·t· . ln .

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1111 R that crcepeth upo n th ' < Q"roltncl afte r e'Yt Its kJJlcl· ·' ncl G l l e \\·as gooJ . ·· • ,, • n T 0 ( ·Sa\ v t l'>t Jt • H ere \\'c have o-eo] 1 .-: , ogy, Jo tan ;· a nd zoo!Cl

J l ~o· a ll ud<·d to in ;1. H"ay that !l'a,-cs r~o for a ll the disconT i<'s thu s far m;tdc. a n<. f.ar as ,,·c· can s<·<· for s till . larl . lwr cI'Js'C()\'C . rl1 ,to a n ,~ l m o~t till l'tmJLt . ·_< I <·xt<-nt :. . .I ·ct· lltt tw bo rn e.; 111 lll Jlld that th1 s \\"as \\"JJttc n fL~ .. ·c·ncs tho usa nd yea rs lJdorv thcs<" (I .JsCO\ r · nc<' \\" <'re mad<- , <till 1 l 1H' " ·c> 1Hk Ja. sc t<· g-rc.;a ll y in cn ·ascd . T fo"· it ca me LO I . l 1Jt(' ClGIil th at there s hould ha,·<· IH'('Jl 110 aI)SO . t .Jon nHJ St be· <Lm un rc.;conc t'l a)I l <' rcm t r:-tdJc 1 t ~ , 1. o [ " . o n d er ant l .t..:T~tlllu( . l c· t o til'' ' en<. t llll C. No". ca n \\·c sc< · th; tl t lwsl' l " . ti o ns s upp lc mcm c·ach o th er. T he bette r u n dc~ rs to o d l;y t he s tu d y d . nces a nd th e: sc tc: . nces a rc l)C·ttc r un scte dee d, stood by the stud y . of the Bi ble. Inh eri eithe r m ust re ma in d d cc ti,·e ti ll t h p nt is b roug ht into re qu is itio n. _1 , t fa JI 5 A ny st ud y of t he mate ria l w o rl d t 1 a _ 55 ~r . . . . ece h s or t of t he o n o-111 of a ll thtn <"rs JS 11 d alone '1 · . , .<=> · { I 11 ' 1 Y a dcfectt vc st udy a nd tb ts ts Ot stLi c)l , in th e I3 ib le. O n th ~ otl1 c r ha nd ai?'c~ve r­ ?f the B ible t ha t loses s ig h t of th ~ c 1\tLtdY• tes of sc ie nce is in so fa r a clefcctnre . inte rp re tati o n a nd ex ege s is. . .. 11 aif1 111 . . No stude nt ~ h o u l c.l be w illi ng to ~ :~ of t!1 1 tg no ra nce of e tth e r of th e se vo lun ~te r 1 ~ re ve la tio n of th e re lat io n, of th e ~.v iii fiJI wo rld arou nd him , to hi mse lf, o r worth ~ to : ecognize hi s tr ue d ig ni ty a n the 11 e~ Ne tth e r vo lum e mu st be p urs ue d to viii b lect of the othe r a nd t he n th e y "Jatio!lS· f oun cl to be trul y s upple m e n ta ry re ve

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A Visit With Goethe.

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II {1t·linv.ttt · tlw quali tit"s ol_· ur<>uld in t' f.titl ~. 11u) ose a'm<ttc.·. fnt·nds. or t hv artractions ol . fe " cCCJll. <'ll nt.tn cvs "hn · ·011 tlw ocean o I' \ r' arcltkt·' · ·· .. 'Vhat 1. · ·'-'J' · 1 ups th.tt Pass in the :'\ 1nht. · saw . 1 · . . <=> • ,\" tth G . ~llh kit "htlc 1n t;{)i111 11Ulll 0 11 Oc th ~,; s -1 f 11 oli o .· · c: laranl-rs, thv calm pleasure \\ tn u· ' t. I . :ess o[ \\ii jl s. < P >y _su ·p. the yauc~lt pro-. 1ghest H l111 :\lt·lsl\-r reachlllv altt•r tht fa·1!Ltrcs and best · · ·111 ltll·. · · Ius · succcssl'S :-. an< 1 lrnd ', th e rn . . . . . . . k' ':' to 111 , 'cog ntllon ol vxpt.·rwnccs lll n1RI11atic·) I 0 "' 11 · Lh v trac in u· of the strange . a.luthor's a · .t onuous \\'a~~.krinu·s o f th" c OuJ .~ )tics<··Ren .f t~~s-ai l thv L'X j)<' rit'11CCS ar 1 . ., a l ' sou nl t tar t o rc ad e rs " ·h o haY" 8 · &l t a . l o- 11 · ~ style 0 J. l.ttcnturl' tll'"'t 11 '1 "' a clce nc, 1. . ~ lt1ca Ciqe llcc th . ~ · u e "' r: ho nt, ch· .. c-~ n t h e m e re attrac ti o ns of tn ofPes to fi .:lt <~Ctcr o r d escr intio n. 1f on" PI nclt n r l . .. . . clu,. .0 t, th n 1. .vOC't 1e s " ·or k s t he m t n caC) ·ltb"tlo · r t he wtt · ·o. 11 o('- C ISttnet pur J)OSe io 1 C' ac 1 «tt 1, . ~~'! n °11. of th e ~ c >~r.ac tc r , a nd tl~ e th e t: 1mPlt"l~ tn a ll to t) 111 a rr ra nd cltma x, ga th" 11 (. s ~ ~ t~ J·j .11 g- a · uspc ndecl t h o ucrh ts, acco m. . 1. Sttcs of 111Qr Ctsa tl v c Io us co ns um a<=>t10 n- c h a tacr Pp · le 1 '11 b ~"e l ? tn tcd - . 1210L <' rn non· l- h e " .' '''Qc1 <ltt on of. 1 h e las t c lnpte r is n ot a ~cl b 0 11ot of th e w h o le boo k~ In real life Gft Y tl' te n sc d t1}. ~ 11 ~ a•e fri '"n n c1s· e t..a n ·a <=>o·c cl m a n s urroun ·ec11 ,, , • o 111 s , ·o ut h but mo t · f.t tb,. ' " c: j ; c:a r 1 .· ) ' . . Cl ift th Ose of 1 ?111:gs n e w a ssoc tatJO ns. un 11 s lll c see m s a lm ost isolated b 0. ftr st

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\)11 tha ·11 l'vl c is t , ·' . · · , . t~ ~ of . \. Js v . .· CJ s App rc n ttces hl p IS a bitt '"h its t r e t Y g e n e ra ll y m is u nde rstood . ClClL at a ns la t . a ·s l11y ~ \v·l Go e tl O J s, R. D. B o yla n, Sc ). . lit !\t~ ,. ~ 1 ahva l e rea ll y int e nd e d b y tbt s ~t ) · , t o so me d eg·ree, .ca \\>:. itt·,r · It \ ys re tn a 1n ~ I 't!\ ) c: vas , . . . f I ~~~ ll p at·et•\\ tt ttc n tn t ha t e ra o 11 5 1 b·1o\)-Per ·' \V h c t: t 11c _p rm · cip lc of· 1·d ca J't)· ,11 .1 1•. nl ost i, ~\l~ltc:~t· "l.Ph y £1 h ts lll ln d . In co m pa nn g t\\>~ ~thi~on., \vco the a u t h o r wi t h th e wo rk jJ ~ ,, 1er 1· n o t ic · · f t. ts~ r~ ' <2 1 ~ tke l e a s tmt h ri t y o a c · ~hit,_ ~lcl ,;arles I~:at wh ich "· ~ o bse rve be(:\l ·it · "' _J t c 1 ~ · ,~ 0 td '-' P t r'lit s~~t~ t,_ .1. he· bOo l"e·ns a n J hi ·s · · D .av < ~ l e·s r.ity ) \v j .a nd <: IS o ne r) h ast' ot C.roe t 1 . . Pe rl l<tps · r\.1 \J~ ~cl tl },.11~ 11 h" t h e m os t impo rta n t has l . . 11 po rl ~~lct<t.t~~q ~ · wl eSi Ste te is ·· ~ 1e rc so v1v1c y f 111~. t~ tCJ ll ch a ~? eth e, . but .n o t a ll \ 1 ~1 b~I· ~he cl ·· a 1g e p o rt1o n of the b oo YtCJ tevc: thclJ11 a t h a t a t fir st w e ~t~e clescrib a t th e a uth o r 's d e sig n !S e t h e p r og re ss o f a youth

~~~

in· tlw dramatic art.' but tll·tt sL . .!S , · · ' · l l )jCCt ( Jrl' Ir dJSm JSSl'li bcfore the close oi 1 1 t f. . boo k. and another obJl'Ct \)r<>tt'l·J \\' . . . . · ., .. · ;.... O I\Y an . <.: no\\ ..u;quu t a tunt. ncrc<' j>tl. ) f I • 1 .· · . • { n n1 t w1 .tt. . . J. t 101 . s• atm ;. ,·tz.. to dcs~..·rt . · . I)L' til,l genera 1 o1 . t a 1t>nt g• · O \\ th .tnd npe. nt nt1" c- ot . < .1 ,-outl • tnto a man. . .Hts passiOn for til''" l 1r .<tm a JS . on 1y a tnwstt!On . . . state . a nd brino·s ::-. no pet, .1 mancnt sat1s actton. _.) chill e r pro noun cc_d his judgment upo n thts ''" ar k whe n l~c satd : · ·l shall cntire h· dc ,·otc the next fou r months to it. and ''"i th joy. :\ (oreo ,·cr. it is one of th e ,n·eatest pil'ccs cf good fo rtun e in my Iifr that I han ""' Ji ,·ed to see the comple ti on of this work, that it has ap~eared rri thin the period t my crcatt ,·e acttnty, so th at I can yet cl ra " · from this pnre fo untain. ., An afte rn oo n wi~h Goe th e's "H er ma nn a nd D orothea ·· is as refreshing· to the mind as a \\·cd k beside a strea m, wl~cre an occasio na l wate rfall only. disturbs th e cal mness of the sce ne. It is th e nea rest approach to a n epic th at modern Ge rman literat ure has to sho \\·. You ca nn ot bu t nottce some resemb lance to our E r·a ngelinc. for in both poems you find a g ui leless, self- sacrificing ma iden a worthy Jor cr, and a pnest "·ho a i ·es o:ood co unsc I. T ire poetic spirit is 1 ~1adc depend upon s omething dee pe r th<' n mere ornaments of stylc : 't JS a pcryadin o· afflatus which breath es thro ugh the ,.-J it te>\ cn,.- elopJn g all 1n 1ts fragrance.

.~

7o

1

-------

10

The Gro wth of the poeti c concept , Hell. 13 \ . A

L

B Y L OU I SE \ \". .vrEAH.S .

25

TilE .YON.lf.-11~ COCR!t/c

rii?R .

·r

1\

COLLEl;E ST l

fl l L: l~

-

JJE:\T.

1'.'\ RTS-- PART JT .

r,l;" H [ S co nce ption fo rmed a g uidr and an '"f incentive to the imag ination of all w hom it reached. It di d not, however g ras p all the possibi lities nf thc. t heme and so men contJJ'u ed J ream' ng. f- 1g ht ce ntur· ies afterward s Virg il arose to g·athcr the ft oatin" fancies into per manency. T he dcof his conce pt occupi ed the fo urth one of th e twelve books of th e Aeneid. It is rclati vel)' longe r anti Dl ore important thus

Jineati~n


" ! !-.: l\ 'ORJI !Ai~ indi catin<r grO\\·th. \ ' irg-il take s ll omv r as his mod~!.· He e mbodies in hi s co ncvpt, that of H omer. E vny part icular of tht' n· su ml" g iven has CL CO Ullt('rpart in hi s d('Jinl'a ti on. Th ese particulars a r(' c·nl a rgc· d and many add ition s mad1· to thC'm. Virgil mak<· s fa r g-r<.:ater usr· of natura l scene ry an d pheno nw.na than J l o 1~<.:r. J\c ·neas \\'as in Ita ly. ~ca r Nap les Is a \T ry small cav<..: wh ich is alw ays so full of carbonic ac id gas that a nimals t' ll tC'r in g it a r'· suffocated. Thi s cave was known to th(: an cients. Aeneas had landed in the ,·icinit y of thi s .cave .. P.rohab ly ca tching the id ea from this, V 1rg-d re prese nts th e e ntrance to I-I aedes as a la rge ca ,.<.: g uard ed n one sid e by a blac k la ke, o n th th er by a g loo my fores t, a nd ovf r all an atmosphere so deadly from th e ex halatio n of th e cave that eve n bird s fe ll life less in attempting to Ay through it. As Aeneas . approac hed th e ca \·c a _!5Teat disturbanc e 111 nat ure took place. The earth gave forth a rumb li n.ft" sou nd, the mountains rocked to a nd fr o a nd like phenomena occu rred . T his part of th e co ncept was ev id ently suggested by ea rthquakes \\'hich Virg il ma y ha ve wit ncss<.: d. Power in activ ity had a lways be<.: n co nsid ered a source of sub limity. - O ur im a<r in a ti ons are awa kened on th e very t hre~l 1 o]c] and we arc prcpa re.d to accompa ny Ae neas and the p roph t te r~ Into th e rea lm of cla rk ness, sil ence, so litu_de, J eso latio n. H e re again th e sa me attnb utes a rc used ·ts b ' ' ~y Hom~ r but a.r.e dw elt ll pon a nd e nl a rge d. The n ve rs of th e lowe r wo rl d arc t he same e~cep~ larger.. ~f e represe nts t he Styx as n111e t.Im es encJrclmg the low e r , ._ .orl cJ. Ht" also mtrodu ces the fie lds of mo urni . · !)eautiful myrtl e g roves ~'· ith pat hs \·r in d:~~~;. In and out amo ng the thickets wh 1'ch ~ . It. not for the ."''Ou cl be ,1e ry pl <:>asa~1t \\ .ere 100 H e also cl esc nbcs g roves wlw rt· ;~ . _. Ill. pass th e1r . t1m · c. · - \\atii ors.

1

Th e most ~trikin~· a.clc! iti on of V iro·il _ th: buld es.t ~1gh t o: h1 s fan cy, is :l n :~ 1l ~as glimpse ot 1 a rtarus or th e place of ment for th e wicked . He .. punish. d . ca me to \\' he re th e way SC'parate Into t\\'o _ _ . P elt ts o ne . ' , as

Ae'

Jl 'R ! I :·N.

'lJ!H .\'OR.Jf..J/4 COCR!ER.

. . . I I11111, . Il'<H 1.Ill.!.!. to J-'·. h·sium Iu.s "'tilde· 111lornH·c · ·I ;-., ·1 ·1 . nss<to·t and tlw oth('r to Tart ;trus. . ll'} .1 on to Eh·sium Inti .\c·n< · a ~ t.:l<ttl<Td ht~< . I. . .. . I . tnp c wards I artaru~ ;tnd lwlwld a mtg-H) in t>' . I"> \\'a II Sli iTOl!IH I('( I 1. U\ ' (I rl\·c·r <> I' t'I ,..' . rt I 11 11 ·s . • k . . nd to~ su S\\' lfth · as to l)(';tr :tlonl.!· !'IJC s ' 1 . 11· 11 , ,. . s \\' .It I1 <I<·•"t 1( ' I • ..... thl'm against its llint\· l1;tnk 111 . I' roar. J.·ronuna 11111 -:tn< II. 11s .t.:.ll 1'·,Jc· '"'ls' tin" :-., Cl\' \\ llh . . ]·u Jl ctllc 'th· · 1 ell< 'llOrlllOl! S [.!'Cltl'\\' SO 1I( 1 1 . . . ·o lumn s of such tt ' llliH'r a nd s tZ(' t I1'•t t I A ci0\\'11 · cn <T m<·n nor g-od s coll lcl l,c·at 1. I1< ' 111 1o l·ty 1. ron \\'ctlch ' J, ,c.J l 11G to\rt-r rumma nl. ' . · sue d tran ce to the: g-atc·s. I··rom \\·1thiil . fIS-iron. uncl s of bl o,\·s. Lh <.: gTa un g 0 did . u o l. c hain . s. 1\ cncas t th e :l ank 1n . . .... . . I 1 C btl . . not sec In to th1 s karlul pn son 10!1 vtC '' h . I . I ~o wn I prop c tcss ccsc n bc-d to 11111 . 1e ,fore t I1 f th e inte ri o r \\·hc 11 so me ttm C be . and g-ates h ad ope ne d w ith hars h g ratl llgf th e . a nce ol. l IH' CJL tee n rmcn t· uncIe r t h c g uid n~ a l m s he hac! ,·is itcd t h(' pl ac~· of ~~ f\e nC' \i\T it h th ese sounds rin cr itH.~· in hi s c~u 5 ,·vidl )' · . . . ' !1 c \ I as mu s t hav<.: pi. ctured:-.. th e sec ~sf,"I) ,_ T he in te ri o r, d cscc nJ ino- t\\·icc as fa~ .'11 th 0 5 1 .· ... fi ]J • ]\\'Ittus 3 1,c Sium ex te n cl c c! up\,·a r cl, \\'as 1 c~ · ff.e nn · g p u n ·i~ hm c nt, s ue 11 as. ]"''t!l :~' '. r.t a·c n1t1·st _ 1 I c' t y us. ' [~ h . . I f' . . ot Jl l . ·O 1s Ic ea o · a r i \ T I .. o! \ ·] · ,. ·a n c(. 1avc Otl. ·g lll atcd fr. o m t h<.: appcct l ·cS s~: 1111_ ,ca no<.:s. E· Jsew he r<.: V 1.r g·1'] Ill . tJ·oduc. '1ur · Ia r .IC1.eas t racab lc to t h e ,sa rn c so .. urcc.to !J e ~t t. · nts runn1n · o· 1n · phc<.:s so s \\' 'ft te 1 .ly' '·15 111° on e ~ . . . . . 111 t 11 . ,.. , heavy roc ks o n t he:· 1r s urfa ces J. I c ..., teS. ·n t . Oo 3.In o us rco·. io ns. Th e s izt· o t. t I1 C ::=-• • < tr.C 1 1 · ul <:u s ·tt0 1. ~I e p t·J~. of 19a rta ru s , a· JJ t he p a l. t~~ t hi S p~ 1 of d~lml! ab le ~ a rm ? n y a n d rc nd e i { ea.t tJ l e of th e de lin eati o n a ma rk e d V irg il 's co ncept. ers·

:k

, st " . m o l Je t . . sc o! es V 1rg d a ls o m a ke s g rca: U he p JaC Jar1'11·ne ), Be fo re th e e ntra nce p ro pe l. . fea 1' ,r~3 1" so n ifi cati o ns of di sease, g n ef · 1 ce a re , J,a ~' · cl t h -' I· I -· I t I · e n t 1 , tl · · o· · 1

1

dn

e

1<c.

n

1c

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"rn1~ St>'' Ja'

mo ns te rs ot eve ry ±ca i .- 1110_I t he "' A ~ . . II A. ..,n o "[ he Irn ao·In a ) <·. ft e r c ross ;:-. _ tb)' J· 1 . lc m o ns·t e t ·,·jth Ou ,,,J ·tiJ 1 a o·c:un sa w a te rnb 1 ;:, ntin e Lrates we re <J' ua rcI c < .. ' set ' ,,' jcI· r· ma . .-.... ;:., '\ , 1 Ccl~ fearf ul mo nste r, a nd, as r < 11·c , ,.,ts tO ·rs 0f I ·ts 1 . ,t· 11·n1_.,.,jJ l 0 )y o ne f.a r m o rf~ te rn' ]] J c, '· 1 .• 1' . . ') )"J1 c-t;' . [ v \\ ' I. t 11!!1 . t h ('~ I)f'r1cCi:L c1·,tC t IS l!ni >(JSS I]J a n essay t o n ote t he o n. g.. 1. 11 (.lpproP 1- J ~· pa rti cul a r o r to spea k of 1 ts a

~

e 1·

School Days.

111porv_<llH rn·:ttlnih · l lievc::d :1n· sust.1 incd alll 1 irn fl't' >) such k"'-'t.T nm·s as Charon. the ssc·d · r •\'J 11 •. 111 - :1nd tll.lll\ nl tlwm ha\<' . ltllo Ill I1 ~· . . I. ason a. nt '1'11 tltt·r.lt un· .llld tnr t 11s \\'vii ,\slut · · · tlw lullnt·ss · the d; .. tlw\·· . :--•T ·J\l'. . onfr . ·

llCI)'.

~">

111

cl

1 !Jll ' llll't ' ~ • • t!'t'

RY I. E .

"' f.t ont a dark~ Jed 'hadow,;. w~re fa\linn· I n a \'1\lag-c :;chool of . . r s un \\'h , ,L " ~stern to wn - ,..· ~ason had 311 -t b' th · ,-tra wherrv . 11 •\ ncl the hinl"~ .· .lllg 11 " eg un ",.,lll"' .\ terrific clout! ro "-e b c,t· ot·e " · a arou nd :

th-sl'J'\ 111g lll

~

\ 'ir gt·1 do , . ~~ 11Pt dt jh ' IHI "n Jart•·t·h· 011 d I ) 111111 t · :-- • a Rllid. ~ as dt)\" IIPtiWr. ..\L'IH'as · 111akt.: til: . lIt- '' :1s nut tlw lir~t nHH t<d IS " . I 11 tht·sl' 1 ~uucu . 1ars -1 tttl1o 11 H · dvs. · t ('111. C'1 1 · ). OraJ St]

\\'

ornsscs. Bcr 1110 t <.·om pan: \\ ith th . tt nt h n1ant1 ; 1 o n ' ht · <·IHl'n·d th<.· c.1 ' t' \w ":1s cc to I oey. reathn I l rc~" h .!S S\\ ord . \\ .I 1CJ1 Strj L -.( tlJ • ) he 1\e tl l tnunst crs .\<'twas ,,as a )OUt . L1tt I . l 1ut ,,,1srcmintl<'LI twt I t ~~ sllacl1(' 111 " 1 see O\\'s . I lo0k n1s th ·· t ou t1 not ht' h~1rnwtl thus. fta~h~d his <~ll hvn· .th l' gTt·.tt poet o,·crh~t d t 11) PPonuntt\·. \\. lwn the tn1th 'll C!tar on J\ . ' 'l~<Jj Or~ St f' l _11('<tS th<tl a)) the \\'C~lpnns j).. llt"' I . prntcctlt111. . "C:t 1 " Y , .I It(' 1C' 11 L I'or l11s " ' l' ]' t.• lt:l tn ,l~L"'1 c,,. 'Orth )t ,.ss. ~tnd th :tl IH· 111 .1~,~: I1r <,.:'\ 1 11) s ~ ' not 1 · ' 1 · l· . Cl n1 , · ltr l' 0 . " 1;tt I rom 1 hcst' ~· wst ~ clb ~ li t • und ,nt 1 · . I j· ()lit· 0( t .· ,..!,' lllll, l l ll ' 11 \\' ;tS thl' JTrl 1(!( 1t l C:~t \ · · I I <:tl Luut \ . 1r . I . 1l1' n·il s'l\'S n otl l l :-I)() , 1· t<) \ I no· . . . . ... .( : .. ,,,L~ l ecl 1. c::· nc.·· ~ Its to Inlc r that It "·as a t l V·ll lc:h 1Orn1 s~t s t o 1·ttld th <.·n l o nly (.1·ts.e tn. _ t lt~i l altt· Qt. 1 ~ nd th is !l r s l trial is all to lit(! se ~ te nt, . II , I Lip Clf enl s to 1 11 SC' <.: m s s p ec i<tll y c:1 c ~ · c c pc nd m on' ll l)0 !1 th e nalCltt) . tl1c:th e: sc, . c 11 <.' . I 1- . . . . I 1l . I!) l11 I rt [ · ~l (a lly t' IL C CI to r h iS 10 l

tt,~.: ~~~~ lth ~ o· s tn e n t io n c d . tt ' ~.: c t ~oo cl . . _ a nc] c ,·j ) \\T IT n o l o n g·cJ t \J1 \J~q~ lv.,c, ~ aget] . • 1t.: r r . . .'- 5 '''1 l1i:\ '1.11 I' art···_ · ~ r t h e m os t I i11P' o: '. \t\t .v~ 1 lys it cl l t~ s ; fo r t h l' b r ;.l\·e and \ ' !1• · f S "l J.,.t L 1t \v. JC:: (; 11 I 111 . ' o r t h e c Yi l t h ere see m ' ~;: q ~.: a~ · an · . · · t 1 ~ ll ot ;n tt' rm c di a tc s tate; JLI 5 t t t !:i · t~ r tL"'tr It b ~~ n ~, . c.· ca rl )' cl cftn n l. ' 1"' 1i'' ,. ~ tt - . ~~ o ±· ·1 , . . .. n1

lit

11~;:~ h1• ~ Clf ~ ~ <.tel · t t Cr r ec k la ng uag c J (. _ lq_l) ~ ()1<l.cl q ~llbli nlc~pte l.l t h a n t h e L a ti n fo t '''\l~~h hi.- 1. <.Jf ' ' · c o bJ ec ts a nci sce n es ; ye t \'L <11:1- '' 1 \1 I l' o· 'J ' · Jd1\, ~\:: . 11 la o-· ;-::, 1. s co n cC [) t io n t h e bo . lJl <l.!( c\ 11 c1 ~tl'n a t Io n , h1·s ma ste' r! y u:;c . . of . ~ 1 · lc fi · · ]11 s l 1n1 b ~ nJ s h n o t iceab le: 111 cs id c H o m e r.

,,·et·~

.) II I.~t) II.I 1t' C;IIIIC 1111ti! a t )' a:,t '1 the tn::-h of pupil$ dar k e•ne d th ~ door ht•n abl:tsl . '1 '" t monstrous cloud h ad b m:st .,

'Ihcn down it came with do leful thud· \ Nen·<':S . were , hatte red a nd 1.e II. t 111 . t' w :un . • lcthtnks n1e could feel t he ,-erY · • . . bl 00 d )pnug- out of the portal v ei n : Bul faster .-'ti ll the patter cau 1e • 1 o,·erpowered h.\' th e crowd, '1''1 :--Iy lintb,; w~rc Iiu1p . u1y bodY la •; 1· : .\ n I felt read y for the

:;hr~ud.

But . ala ,.;! wh e n th e clone!:< of ::;atisfactiou pa::;t .\ ucl Ill .\' hea rt once H!Or~ beg-au to throb . 1\ly e y e::- ;tbOitt , ,c q uickly cast . L o ! a nd there I sa"· t he •n ob;

~\ th ron g·?

Yes , a ::;ta tely tr;J.in \\' it h face:< b r ight a nd :<pirits gay , Hut ah! 'f he re,,i udc r c:u ue- ·'J3i rth da y.' :

\\'h e n war }l ad .; e;.tsed and I w01:< fr~e Frotn t ho,;c uli ,;ch ievou::; pupil::; of tHin e, H o w t i• a n1d ll ll wa s to kn OW I w as b ut t we u tY· three l ' hou<h I fe lt lik' a " '" ' of ,.,·en ty- uine ..

°

I' ta c s o I tl is h<lt be 11 w p cupk . th <:1 11 Otc d · 1· C! r· 1<ctl' ]· · 1 t t\ ·t t r co l· \ . ·1nqsco ·1· l.:· 'i:tt " t:: t· of "l' fi d f e Lll nc·t'l)t · ·t~ h a. I rc . .-. ... ·~- li ]llcl u. ~ .th. ct(:: -1 ·': > il1C nt 0 f' · . t·J1 <::·' ) . \J tt 'i.tt c (:s j . t h e so uls attcr

T A:\FORP .

N o \\· ,.eating· .uyse lf in 111)' ea.»)' ch air, •·T he tnob h av ing go ue t o di nn er.'' \\'e ll , we ll. well , did I anyw he re See ,.: uch a a.tld la.llte uegi nu e r '?

,;Oft~

...

Having" re ad tl1 e !a,,· e11oug- h to kno" · If t hou be sti nted on one ,;ide, T urn to hit n t he ot he r alsO· \ Vit h t h is th e seq uen ce I ~tbide; R esti n '' a,;.; ured and w itho ut f ear, T ha; ti n• e on Iter p in ion s of flig h t, Haste n ing ,, ·it h t he on -cotnin g yea r w ill ' " ' " th' .,,mocY with thO ught> of deliO h t Now ju:; t a ,,·ord to t h e hopefu l y out h , S ti cl' close to a ud abid e by th e t rut h for it:; th e 5 ure road to fa me, A n d will win for yo n an ho no red n a rne ; R e m e nJ ber too, as the birthd ays go, Th e J ill,; are placed in a thicke r row; 1 A nd w e tr::rve rse b u t ou ce thi s w a)' Strive to i111 prove e<tCh golde n day,

~1 s

\ Vh e n we no 11 to re be holcl the s un We n»Y '""' ti>O-' l»PPY wotd>, ·'weJI don<·"


8

/ IF J\. N.71A I~ Do Thy Best. ll\' I'EAJ<. J, IWCI\\\'<HJJJ

God, this hound less II'OJ'fd Seems vc1·y g-reat t0 nH: ; .\1iles and llliles- l!e ho l<l t lw land. And fatho111~ deep thl.! se;o.. Above, the c louds pil e liJ O IJ n tai n h ig-lt, And reach their he ig-hts tc1 Th e(•. () h

And I, Ah, what ;u r1 r~ An ab,)JJI weak a nd " 'll <o. ll. Surrounded hy lhcsc g·lM iou, th i n g-s. ut weakest 'Jf then 1 <J!I . Th e te1npe"t wi ld ];tJig-h ,., n1 e to sco rn . Th e dark'ning- ,.,ftics app<Jl . And yet. the littl e bird s F lit fearlcs;,ly ;tr(>~Jnd; The air is till ed with joyCJu,., n otes . A ;,wcet melod io us .-.ot llt d . Th ey fall~ Oh God, thy bvttndles,., ] c)\·'· D~st follow to the g-round. 'Tis e1·en i ng-, an d yo n ti 11 y eyn L ooks meekly in to nt i ne . The s tJ·o ng-e r lig-ht of b 1·ig-h te r ,., tars T o hid e its l ig-ht co mbine, And yet. its little place it fi ll s, It rays of lig-ht st i!l ,., hin e. Ah, what a111 I that s h ou ld C01nplai n My God hath placed 111 c h e r e . He hears m y faintest wea kest cry, He sees m y e 1· e r y tea r ; I ' ve but t o 140 to liin t for st r e n ··· t l! Then what have I to fea r . ,., '

Let th y li g ht shine! L et darker. h eart!". Grow b ri g- ht e r iu its r ays~ G i ve thanks to Him wh o ru les above And se rv e him all t h y cl<l_l's. ' ~----

1 11 ' 1'1 ]r· · ·t I· I 1ctnr \'Oil Jll()llfll. IllS , ' . . •' whc·c·l runs 1)\· \ .Olli . SH' I·t · \ou I .tit · 1 , I I. II . I w liiH ,.:-ood lwad11ay. I r· as . • )'011 faJI a/teat/. . hi l , I. he· lnal . IS . n·nc·\\Td. hut .<~.-.< ~~--un to ' . . . p· po\\ . ;tiH I .t.l!• . "tin . .tr;unln.-. <r lon.otJS I) . ;Jualn .. I I o IH •\ . .c·r :-. . with <'ach ' .:-atl<·mpt .. 'I I. \\ ' l<'C ' tJlltl t H your s lightc•s t touch. _ >O "·cr. I ·11 ~ \' ou ha \·c· c:JJHpwrcd . I l ·1 ~. _) ·ou1• the · · I rtl< • 1 and you h;l\' ( • acc1um·d Jl.. . _ ·· tions, 11 . str ucto r <lid sonH·thin"· b,· l11s d 11 cc 1 t yot ... · · rt HI . t, t '11CCJl ii'Cl lJ'(•Jl1 ( '11t , and hi S Sll JliJ(} '.· ·r· 1 arquin· d·~ the ]HJ\\' <-r, lw d1t. , JH l t o.-.l \

-

you. r c.tnd jn 1-. f J., _ · trn c: · 11 1"<' I'( · 1at 1 on s I a 11 J t 11 t • k ', ]'I c d 11 t) . o slrtJcto r in thC' IHII>Iic sc h oo l. .· 1 other t 0 . · . . ( t1 th<' 0 11 c 1s to acq u 1rc 1HJ\\'l'J - 0 .1 C·tr the bt''c I 1 . ·ct c ncou t"t o·c- ·tnt I 1.,. mus.t )t , cr t 1, . IJn 1 c.....JIJUrt. . • Bu t LIH . ·soo' tr innin, (r to SLII Jronl the1 :-, pp o rt .:-. . is· \\' it hdra\\' n- · ' t 1H' 11•·tnt 1•. cq ui·ccc su .' , 1 I I , . ']I ,. c r be ' ' I u \\ ' l<..: l' - th e soo ne r " .' po' ur, ,., c 0 ' . I cn c by t ht.: lea rn e r. 1)ircct lo n ant m c nt mu st l o n .~·c, ,- co n t .inu e . . a c1,.,s5 ].f1 . I ·r.• n ' cc . sC 'vV c on ct.: fo r a t 1m c 0 JS'. or · ·· . . . . . . owe ' tt' ' S~I'JV JI~ g t~. at_t ~ Jll ' 't h t.: dl\·11.1( .p b . ; L ~n :\.cl ' c.IJrc·.: ct JOJL I h t.: y \\T rc .~· u1d ccl dt sc 0 sec, hand. H e Grst ca used th c,~l Nc~t totting the ir we- a kn ess- "]{; kJW7L 1-. 1 y pu di l)' wh at t hey mi (rht a cc.o m p !J s h .· )1 0 - stea nei ,-., rk a nd p c 1 .. t hems e l v es a t wo SC• \t C I IIve,-,il. ' 'ttC· ,. ,. .,. . "' . , S · 11 "' ''tS·, ·to ' e;-:e e Ll-of"',, " .1 o ueszre. -~ o t a r a mo unt th e wh ee l' ' and attc ~npt Th C ,, p.t But h ow like a l1 b eo· innJn g s.[j tireS· tlf· . : :. f Ja corr cc was add Jn.g a lo ng co lun~n o . 1 f tb_e n,rst a ll fa rl ed to add rap Id Iy a J value 0 (11 "'' I he Jnstru c te r ]JO Jntc cl o ut th e ,_., ac h , ta powor t o s u ccee d he re. TJ1 at c1"' ea c1 ~ t· · 1t · for · him se lf.. I..I c as kc c h detYt of a c qu tre d 'II 1 . -' S ea en J1 1 . . n 11m s e f fift ee n m1nu te , jreJJ1 ·Co I · g 1· n m ·rnd t 1l c ac . c) · . w me, k ee prn ,_CJ "u hiS

t;

cf

1

powe r a nd 'Norbn o· ddwentl) ·je 1 ;-:, .... th e r oad e tc " .. ,~· 111 th e ' . · f' . cl c; IJ1e as<:: I 1n class eac h d a ) ' oein tc··stt /1 c Haye yo u e1Tr tried to rid e a bicycle ? 11 Do yo u remember the "'Pc ri e nce of learn - t he work had bee n do ne- h e c ~r still 0 J . l Jn . o' e~/ 111 . . g?. A stretch of smooth road . a -vv hee··J' p u pils - · 'the in stru cto r 's han c .00 d ,,s ,. and some. one to "'~'.'~ct. V ou ca n Yet whee l. " 1 hear the drrcct10ns.- k ee p your e yes on But n o w th e c lass a r e un J e r 00 1-etl c CL; d ( o' c . c . • eve C7 IVa y- h e n egle c ts to as k fo i ,.5 ~ so r1l e

-

BY 0 . E.

I

Illrl

G •

Observed.

~

t lw road alwac I of. ) .ou .•.tn< l \\ ()J'k '\ .(llll 1 - ·feet.' HI P

G

The n r o use thee, Soul! L ift u p thy vo ice Sing- thy Cr eato rs p t·a i se ~

c

11

'' th e h a nd is off th e ,·vhecl.

.!9

}'JIH .\ -ORJ!.Il COCR!i:~k.

'R //; .

'\I.ff ajor re\at i,·c to tile I) o Ie Star :arel('ss . . f..... ,,. <.1't···. IStHnc· loru<·t tu drill \lld \\hr.:n a t.l I c re nt hours in a· l1 e' . en .1n o.. (b) upon : I a) ... . . ' rent. c,·e nin·)·s '=' ·.1o-l t upo n dtff ~ · 11n Ll 1e stra only h·ys at<T ht· a~k~ lnr tlw work a it·\\ 1 1· ncctt noco n'=' .Polaris •·nH.l C·l[l c 1, <ll1 t 1 1'=r' o 1ne f B avv ht·t·n bithful. . Ill all'· . . . I f orme , r IS the true no l ·tl , pot , e ( l .7 el rom . I) the 11p 011 l""'.un :tnd ;t~·;un ·,tiT pup1ls place< S tate th e pnsition of C . . estra . .I · · · t H'Ir > • - 1 -1~tll11('d . < \\ 11 l'l'Sj HlllSI ll II\' j>l1\\'t'r IS to th e ill iIk y \\'a y. ,\ssrop era relati 1·e '•co 111 , :' llh t-ach :tlll'lllj>l until ·the\' at last f. ( llll • • . •· . ;\ cqu;.unt yourself thorotJO'hl .· cttu)f <> t nmmand and cnn t rnl nl t ht II :II ythol og)' associa ted with rth the '1'I Jc•s ''tll'l' j)O\\ l" ·~ .. h:rt' i . .. . . · uo n. ;\l ake a ma.P of tl·1e H ea. ,.e nstnd . 1 PO\\'t•r s <>Ill' lw st \\a\· ll> :trqunT the 1 ., · . canobng .. . I Jpro?' . :>:> ressi Ycl)· the co nste II attOns 'cc1u1·· .· lo 111 ·lll<tPT a "hl'cl ho" Jllt\11\. ,.01- r. 1crcon l l n u- ·I .... · · • 1 se n' el unno· . 101 . ~ th e montll · l () 1,a dwed ..... t H.· JH)\\ t'l' of s<·lf di1Tctinn? Ia ,,. _,;iN'II Ili ere/OJ'.l · "

t~ac: C'Ol~ stella-

~

E~tcnd th e straight lin. e conn~c;inan p 0 1t 1e. IL

As tronom

Notes .

tmSER \' ATJU:'\

\\' (H' l(

a nd Ca. fh about 30 o be)'O'=' d anls I a tter a ncI fi nt I a brwht star (AI h fo r!1lin g one co rn er th e · ·GreatpS eratz), . I II . . quare o f t· 1eb coInste atiOI1 ot P eo-asus LAI , D I P '=' · '=' ./'1· '' · 111pneratz tS ot1. e ta eo·as l a nd '!p'ta · t 11e co nstellatron of Andromeda. ] Conti nu e the same strarz ht hn e ".second corner of the qu are. (,am Ilia I eg•sr (Alge nr b ). fujer why Cafh , Aipheratr., a ndc Aiaenib .a' re ,- .d , C . b ca II ecl " T he uUI es. onunue th e line thus co nn ecung Meg:rez and Alge nib in both drrec tions to th e horr ?.On. lujer what fiau re it would form if exte nd ed suffici en tl y re membenng that rt rs drawn on the surface of th e celesti al sphere. This line complete forms Equinocti al Colore (correspondin" to pnme Mendran Crrde on th e Ea rrh) which distance (position) E and W on th e celesual sph ere rs detunll ned. [This distance is called Rrght Ascension, not Lon o·itude as is distance from the corresponding circle of the tefrestrial sphere. J f1ifer another srg nrficance of the term " The Guides. " Meas ure go 0 alon" th e Eq uinocti al Colure in both a nd fix tWO points, and thr ough th em pass a circle at rio·h t angles to th e Col ure. It is the Eq I {corresponding to th e Eg uator on th e earth) and the points of intersection of th e circumferences of these two circles are at the Equinoctial Points or Eqni· nox es [See dir ective notes Jf/. for "'hat _fixes the positiolt of these poznls.l _That Eqmnocti al point whrch_rs rn th e semr-c rrcumference ex tending from Polaris through Cafh is th e Vernal Equin ox {1st Point of Ari es)- T he

at

I.

tlHS I·: l, \ ' .\ T I O :\

~ t:-~ ARN

\\'ORK .

ts 1nall

--- -

_ . ctc rs ,. . th e ltrst sc ,·c n c h ara · 1 th e 1r . b <.·t • " ·tt l lh<•111 e ~kt te rs) o l. , <..1. 1TC' k a I 1 .>I1a h ueo-·· · . star o f the ho, .1,. , 'nn ,nn· at t h e o uter most · lette rs · ' 0f .-... 1 esc It) th e. .....o· r ca t Di)JIJC r, a pp l )', t11e S 0 f' the Stl c: Sta 1., c:c~sl\·e o rd e r as t he nctn · l\1a ·or. 1 [r- ~ of h · U 1·sac. t [)ella l he t e Co nste 1\a t Jo n '"hit lse_arc all 2 n d d erq·cc sta rs e:xcC'}Jd ·stan ce fra,111 ~ ·~ o l. ~ cl m <1 <r 111 '='. tu d c . l- '1ohe a n Id . . 1."c rom 1 A L-;., I. b . . lp ~. r tn to H e/a 1s a b o ut 5 . ·e. z ) iS ~I. rtQ t ]) ' Meo I 'tJallt 0 d ta (a lso kn o wn as v B: l ao f <1. ~ ~a11 1 · · _ . . lose ly o r 1 ~a 111 l1 e ~eta, U rs ~ l\1a) on s, c i lo:~t~a 1 lion star ( Alco r). ·I A tplla 3 lld a line from B ela throu g 1 (about ~ 1.J, 0 ). a to th e first brig ht "f Pale t rs A !pita in Ursa M wo and th~ C. tar). ln_fer. vvhy A lplta ·nters. th Be ar a re called "The Po 1of th e 11 he Pol e Star as the e nd . 0 . the 1tqcll e · 111 ~ ~ b· a1'-C ou t seven stars f.0 rm111,.... 1\tlajor. t0 ~'<te 11~Pe t, Iyin g off to wards U-t.spo in ters tllrl o]Cl. ,..· the stralO'ht lin e frorn th ed ,ant"~ · 'I S b b .., 111"v t' StC!.r a out 30 ° farther to a .:> . \>f ~tol11' (: .Seta in Cass inp e ia (Cafh). 1 e d v\, t~ ~ v~ 3cl afh trace a zig·zaoor flattei 1 ting . o' . mp e 111 ~I'~ s~tlC!.t·e a g n1tud e stars. By co of th ese ~lth}'l~ ~ OrnGt which th e first three d cont-J "ll1 . an 1 <1.~1I\ ~ tLtt e I·er s for a seat and. . egs,staJ_s for a ~ ' s~~ . In e o f the r e m a tmn g tl't as Cassiope ia's chair. l V rsa 1e I'JOS1t1on .. f C . ·a a nc o ass10pe 1 u

~~

lvr~ior

st~{Polaris

~ ~-IV; ~eat t

Bel~

J

t'~te

-

~o

~far,

!r~m

th~

('i

direction~

uino~tia


J

7'}IE JVO}( 1.!A I.

other the Aut umna i Equ in ox. On th e 2o th f March eac h yea r the sun is at the Vern al Equ inox whi le the position of th e s un on S(-:pt. 2 2 a rk sm the Autum nal Equin ox, Lh Vern al Equ in ox com ing to our l\I e rid ia n at midn ig ht on that date. The star fo rming the co rn er of the sq ua r opposite Gamma Pegasi is B eta, a nd that opposite D ella is A lpha Pegas i. [Th es stars of th e squa re are of th e 2nd magnitu de. J

Mineral Analysis.

PREPARED FOR THE -:-i. S. N . S. AND P UBLJ S IJ E D BY REQU EST OF CLASS IN Mi i\' ERA LOC\" .

-

(WORK SLO WLY, OBS E RVE E VER V CH A RA C1' E I< A N D CHA K C J·: CAR EFU T.LV . )

'I

J,'/i·:N.

S\' Ll .. \B l'~ O J· TilE TEIOIS .\IOS 'I

CO~l.\IC!~U CSEV

I~ DE SCR IPTI\' E .\!1'\E R:\LO(;\".

I' I I \"S I (' :\ l. l'J<(JJ 'ER T J ES . 1. Lrysla!!i:::ed: t name: systc: m ·· 2. Ma s.r/71e: (c rystallin e ). . 3· / mitatic.Je: g- lobular, rcn 1f~ r.rn; botryo icia l, mammi ll a ry, s tab cuuo Jcn dri tic ac icu lar, pse udomo rphs. Jli n. . , 4· S lr l!c/u re: IlO mog<..:neo us, cr)·s ta (I Ii vitreous, gra~ u i <J r, amo rp h.o uf, ro d. for.m , fi brou.s, ca pilla ry, rct i ~·u a plu foli a tcu, m icaceo us, l ~ m el a {solitic, mose , septate, sacc ha ro1cl a l, P l iti~, ba nd ed , b lad ed , dru s) ·e r-red, 5· Colors: llieta!lic Co!ors - co pp e llo\V, bro nze, s il ve r· white, b rass Y

. tc. . . d blue, .i\lou-metall?'c: wh1te . bla ck , 1e ' · 6 ree n, e tc. PH YS I CAL PR OPERTI ES. 6. Strea~: (see co lo rs). . b -met& dForm . . . . ..... . . ... Stru cture . .. · · · ·. · · · : 7. Lustre: A 'i7uts o.f- me ta ll 1c, s u ·00 us, I. . . resi Color . . . . . . .... . . .. Strea k . . .. . . · · · · · · · · 1c, v1tre.o us, sub - v i t rc Ol~ S , opaJes· L ncy p ea rly, s il ky, adama ntine , { Kind .. . . . . T .······ ustre Deg ree . . . . ra nspare ce n t. 1 1·11 ing, D eg·ree oJ-sp lo nd e nt, bn 1a n ' · '11 ' t 5 1 Hardnes .. . .. .. ... . . T e nac ity . ... . . · · · · · g Fracture . .. . ... : . . . . Cleavage . . .. . . · · · · ; ~ .. lis te nin g ' 0o-li m me rin ._g-, d ull.J11 .[- t 1-a ns· 8. Transparency:' tra nspa re n t, se ju cent, Touch . ... .. ........ . Odor . .. . . . . . .. . . · . pare nt, tra ns lu ce nt, s ub - t I--w c s Taste .. . . ........ . . Sp. Gr. . .. . . . ... .. . opaq ue. . c~ l Rare Props., .. . .. . . . . . .. ... . . . .. · . · · · · · 9. H ardness.· 1. Talc, 2 . Gyps-" 01 •6 3 fel~: Cite, 4· F lu orite, 5· Apa ti te, corll 1 CH E:vt l CA !. REACT ! O.\'s . spar, 7· Q ua rtz, 8. T opaz, 9· . Solub il ity... . . .... . . F usibility .. . . · · · · · · · dum , ro. D ia mo nd. b]e, fr i· Fi., Color .. . . . . .... Reac ti on . .. · · · · · .. · I o. T enacz't)'.· toug h, b ri t tl e, ma J.Jeav isco LI 5 ' Closed tube .. . . . : . . . Open tu be . .. · · ·.· · · · a bl e, sectil e, t-l ex ible, e las tJ ~, Jerfec t, On Ch., ..... ... .. .. Sol. Cobalt. · · · · · · · 1 Ctea.va$·e: . e nt, pe r f ec t ' Jl11 l ., I. e min ,_ With soda on Ch.. .. . S ul phu r tes t. .. · · · · · d 1st1n ct, indi stin ct. ]l ad· 1>orax eac ) b I { 0. F ... H ot. . . . ... Cold. 1 2 . Fractu1,.e: co nch oical SIJlinter y, evel1 · 1 0 ' R. F ... Hot. . . .. . . Co d. ley, crys ta llin e, ea rth y, eve i1 · Ll 0 s moo th. ft. Phos. bead { · · · · · · · Cold. 0 I ., 7 ' ao·l ' s a ,-R. I· .. . Hot. .. .... Cold. .:> · OUCt L: l111 Ctous, ha rsh, m e c v -efe tid, ,. Remarks { · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 14. Odor: a lliaceo us, sulphu rou s, iliCl.ceo us. . e alk g ' .. . . . .. .. . . . ..... ... ...... . . I . 11 , salin ' ::-JAM£ ......... . .. . . Composition ... . . 5· ] 'asI e: as tn.ge nt, s wee tls · "' ]Locality .. . . .. . . . ... Date.. . .. . . . . . . ... . lin e, coolin g, bitte r:· soUl:· bY ba I 6. Specific Gravity: ( D etermw e a nce) .

~··· Bot.

1'1/E JVORJI. ..L J COLJ?IER . red -bro" ft) ; 6, Gi,·es metatlic <tlobule 1'7 Ra.r(· Prof>t·rtt't-s: E~aminc f~)r magn e t.\ s with N .:1CO:~ · ) I:> Ism, vlec tricit , .. rd rani on. phosphorS. R t -a clton wi t t C0.\ '0.,: Zn- y.ellow·sct·n c(·. di cht:nism. pl.l \' of colors. reen. S n- b~ u e-green , AI, SiO. phosLc . phate- blue. M o-- pin k to Mesh- red Ba. d . s r I:> bnck-re and C~-gra y .. Sb- 'dirt)' ' I IF..\II ( ' ·\ I I' RIll' E IU I E :-- . 1 , dark -green, CoN0 3 (tn excess) blac k. S otlftio~t · , II CI · tf'\anw snln'nt. as 11 :!~ · g. uJI C/ltl,rcoaL·witlt N tLJCOJ: r. notaffected- Ca, lVl g; 2, Slag formed - SiO; p . ~ . li NO :,. etc . ) 7tszon . S . . 1\I et~ll ic g rains, whi te and brittl etror · call! of; 1 , St i b nit ~ : 2 . :\ aBi. Sb; Mall eable Pb, Cu , S n, Au, ~ 1\ I mRmI.In c : 4 A ct .tno I'tt 5 0t tc: .' ,)• Ag; In fusible crust or powde r,- Fe, .' . Hn,,zlle 3· F; ' nh oc l·'n s. c : 6 . 1> '\. l Ni, Co. a (O ,. 1LOJ')· ·• 1'\ a , ). e II o w ; I'·- \ ' .10 I e tt ~ · 10 . Test f or 5: (Fuse assay with Na 3C0 3, noa )y'l I rc cl ·'·L 1 . carm ·1n c : 5 r cnms · on mo isten and place on a si lver coin. Oaa nd\ {5 1~cc n: Cu c me ra ld;g ree n.;B 2 • B eads: (wi th borax, see table), Fe= g ree n . :1l 0:, b lue-g ree n ; Z n- whtte- 1 1 red to y' l bot, g ree n cold; 1\'In- Ame l ' As lt o· h c- blue · Pb S e CuC thyst ; Co- blue; Cu- gree n to bluisfl. 4 2 a% ur c-bl ' . ' · l?.eact . uco: S b- g ree n1sh -blu Cr-emerald g ree n. lOU · . c, th e in fus ibl e a nd Ph o.,. ·1 A l k a lm • Rare properties: Test for 'fl uorin e, Bo· s Ca ·~Pl'vi l Ore sce nt compo unds o f Ba, 1 2 ro n and phosphorus. , · Ne-a cc' g , a nd .c.. 1- · Fo r classifica tion of m i oerals see " T abies zo n in C'toseu-' 1 , .llbe : 1 no c I1a ng . . 2 , cl1 . th e D etermination of Co mmon Mmerals · , r. a·"' 0 f co lo r ; b lac k e' ns- orga nt·c f or mattean by v V. o. Crosby. \Vhite ' u a nd Co salts Zn- y'l bot, cold .' IJ b y'l h o t a,nd cold; B.10 ra ng . to ld; ~ e t ~ red -b r ow n h ot. pale y'l bro\\1 11 l 1 ed -h lac k h ot a nd co ld ; Cdr• Notes rrom the P/l yslcal Laboratory. Y'l.... eoldlot a n ~ cold ; S no- brow n hot br salts · 3, fuse : A lk a lin e a nd oth OB JE CTS OF TI-l E \\' OKK. lae k (~vh 4 · _S u bli m e: H :z O ; H.gS ~ Asst ee 1 e n tu bb ed , re d) .· H ao·- aoray . C LASS TAL KS 0 :\ np.: t /ahedra lgt~ay ; As~0:3~-whi te (and ocMO NG thr se veral aims of the ect y 'l ct ys tal s); As S - bl ac k bot, 2 \v } · cold :~ H Cl bt11 te ; S~r ; S b S 2 ~vv hit~: N ~ :~ 'P \ mu s t be : (a) Maste r)' oi the facts of th e subject. ll~: ba 1 ed bro v,rn h o t )' I cold . I ev c ( · · (b) Methods oi teachin g the snbjcc t most 6 N olved:' ~t ol e t vap~o r) . 5· Va pors l ?e 2C\. , H ~ S , so... N H:J . CO:!, effective ly. 'Q (c) Special training for p011 er to think c- Ct-i o7Z . zn O-n f. S clear! y, correct! y a nd q u1 ckl y, and 0 e 1 C1.b and A s~ .f/en . Tu be: O d e rs . o , . fo r ab ili ty to exprt·ss th e thouJ?:ht · .!? 0 Ve) f subbma t es (see sobhm a tes c.O.ctz 0 A s, 13i, T e I-I o- S. well.r of seco ndary co nsiderati on "1l ' v' W h• teve '-1 t · b Pttat eon . C!.·la1'roal (alo ne) 1 . D eust needs for canse be accorded any of ctbtA.ao·rats (w h e n co nta inin o- H 20) ; ~ · 111 these purposes. ce rtain it is that in the ele· sa <:::> es (.ox 'd a 11 •• rb A l t e s) · ., Fuses a n d JS •· 1 '-c b 1 . ,)• I' ) . me n tar)' staSes of a ny sub ject 1t JS the .last B 11 htsibl · Y t 1 e ch a rcoal (alka ,es ' na med that JS to be kept prom mently tn the tC1.~( Sr, a nd ph os ph o resce t:t (~a~ (~ 110 11 O r o' Z ~ ); 5' fo rm s a n !11Cl US ra nt ing that th e special object of a Nor· .\vL ."""Y' ll1 coa tln o- o n the cllarcoal froGnt. q 1t 0t W} . b A c ;... e, Sb ' 1.Ite cold , S n=whit.e, ~ -whtte, B i- red- brow n, Ca""'

a,,,c '

oC

---

-------

~

J

°

M:

-

wor~


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71/J:: NORJ!./ 1. CO! 'RJH/{

Schoo l is to tra in a nd to /jt fc ~ r .cFft ·t· t.i\'c· se rvice in' thc a rt of in stru ctin g , ti ll s Is ;tl_l Importa nt co nsick:rat ion : . \ V!' a rc· mo n ·. .ll kt.· l.)~ to IJC·ttcr direc t othe rs 111 paths wr· Oll l sc i: c s ha\'e t ran~ rscd; that he who is to prm ·rcl " for and to sec ure in othe rs thv j HJ\\' tT to thin k a nd to do, sha ll hi msc·lf ha \·l' bt·<'ll t rain ed to that e nd - th <.: bett<' r if und n a supe rvision heedful of th e purpose in vic:\\' ; a nd that he.; sha ll ha ve noted th e.; oppo rt un ities offe red, a nd have a pprec iated. t hc.ir pec Lt!iar sig nifi ca nce. So it is that 111 th ' · arlicr pa rt of a ny subj ect, in case no p r.ovision for Method work se pa rate and cbstinct is mad e, th e plan of work. sha ll i n c i L~cl" th e requ irement that the teache r pros pec t1 v shall trave l the ways a nd acq ua in t h i m s.f~ l f with the details of the co urse ove r wh1ch later he may desire to s uccessfu ll y d irec t hi s own stud ents. ' Th is necessitates that he bec o me an in ckpencJ ent thinker, hav ing the po \ve r of co m111g to co nclusions of him self a lon e, a nd of statin g th em in hi s own la ng uage , usin g a T ex t-b oo k onl y th at he ma y th e rewit h compare . Ihi s results with th ose ;:-,o·i ve n by a recog·~ 111zec authority and supp le me nt in its use what he mayofh imselfh ave lea rn ecl. To expect to develope ·m enta ll y, at leas t in th e more elementary stages of a s ubj ect, so le iy th:ouz h use of the product · of a n oth e rs thllllo ng and anoth ers effo rt to state his th oug ht, partak es in no s ma ll measu re of th e f atu:e of an expectation to g r ow s tm ng by ea n111g for us. upo n one vv ho d oes o ur eatincr ~: :. ma l

Science wo rk can well uro-e its claims to recogniti on in all g rades bectuse of its read y adaptation in both ele mentar y a nd a d va nced \Vo rk to co nditi ons necessar v to m e nta l ex. ercise and mine! g ro\\'th. A n y scie nce s ub . jcct presents to the dull es t of m in d s g roups of obviously rela ted indi sp ntab le fac ts ; to th e patient in vestigator with se nses a le rt, kee n, di sc rimi nating th e re are ope ne d new and bou ndleo;s fields fo r obse rva ti o n of things, material, objec tive , in a ll ca ses test. in g th e full y ability oi any stud ent to gath e r throuii'h use of hi s senses th e ve ry best maten a! fo r the thoug ht a ctiviti es.

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lwt \\'t·<·n tlw st· I~H· t s, 111 LI H· effort to make ~t ~ ·ll'ar.l y cut in .m ind a nd to s tat<' i~ <lc curate l) { j I ~ <'C>ll Cist· ly. quJCkly, th;tt tl w r:c · ]J(' S mu ch 0 tlw me nta l tkn·lop11H'Ill dvslrl'd . . J l:~ l ndc·ccJ. the hab it of I'IOs(' di sc rimina uon IJc'tWl't'n facts (LJ'llths) ;.u1d th;1t ,,·hi ch.i s 1 ~ 1 Unifica tion of til e Daily Pr ogr am . lrul' has a most h('a lthlul moral r!' -actiO ll , is a trainin g· produ ct i\·< · o f those ,rh o lo,· · · rs · tru e, anti h a Lt' t 111' \\·ron'b J;y Ft.Ol\. 1·. :'\(.'1' 1 ' · lit ' ' 'd·: 1 1'. lru t I1 IJt:causc rt ,. . a ncl tht' fa lse: .

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P re li minary cons id e rat io ns kin d of schoo l tim e given t he subjec t ma t uri ty of stu d C' nts fl. O bj ects in ,·ie \r I . vVh at to teac h how m uc h 2 . Ho"· to teac h usc of N o tcs (Exp s. ) usc of T ex t -b oo k 3· Tra inin ...,cr in vo lve d . . ·pa. ( r) D e ve lop me nt of t he se ns r ca. f th e h ili ties '\bi li ty to direc t t he use .0 0 f ttiJ1(1' 0 SUlSe S to ;} Jl ('Jlc] - g e fac ts rn a. l~ e (2) C ulti vati o n of th e p owe r to the · f c rc nce s ". ·l1 e n co rre ct 11r fa cts a rc g i vc n beT ra inin g t o cl i sc r i m in af~ true tw ee n t l~ e fal se a nd _r ~f e ~ ­ (3) C ulti vatio n of t h e p owei pressiOn

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and \\' C sa ng, '·t_~ood ~I ornipa. i\Ierr y S un sh ine' ' \\. e noticed ho\\' golde n th e beauti ful rays of light \\' l'IT . so ~,·c sa ng· ••Golde n S unshine... S o me of th e child re~1 brou o·ht "" )' clwck cJ a pP b a nd u·ild fto u·ers. \ \' e notl'd the bcaHties CYf th ese. th e n thanked thl' rathe r {or . his kind trift s, by sin <Yino· . .. J'atht'r. u·e thank Thee." \ \·c s1)okc of li ttle creatu res '"hom ml uT know ."' the he Ids. T he chtldren named . -

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•skas o'ne\\'t.:. I"-" I th at tlwIll our t .. ·I\'Ill · .' You Cr wh to p c f <1r hn d a .:-"CllT seldom the ntoil's. bees and g-rassh oppe rs. W e 1 "h· to h c r tht I'·, I' h) 5 -'' o rk . II yo u then sa no-. ' ·l;rassh oppe r G ree n is a Com ircadinu· · cal \ Ve na!llecl the diffe re nt thi na s 11 15 she wdl tell 1 C\ she 111 C. 1.\' \ , .., , \11 1>' 11 b . . . g .u1g- out the r, · ; Jc· t h (' c1 · c.: . ::--.• .um crs a nd crrass hop j)crs ltke to do bnn 1 1 "'a'-Sc Papt•Jn.t ' · '" s to t ·tkn .t• t e ntl ":es We . o!. work th otwht that th ey !1ke . to mo,·e about. " th / be: c\ rs \\' ti 1l be t< 1 he a im of s pok':: of the birds likin g to mo,·e in fly ing. ho " · o ne to p1·c The · Iegs, t 11e b.If d Iu·s . 1Ottg11 e1ose " f o r t lw 0 s. lO\\' ,rrasshoppe r us es Ius 1 br 1 doi ach rec it;tt.tc c ") a nd carried ou t and the li ttl e children like to use 1 · ca I )'. '"iiit1 !<ht 11 cy t \1t· '; t 'h c ) 11. 0. l t.h. a' th e ir ftcngcrs. W e ,sang- t I1e .fi_nger pIa Y• 0 I c h dd s m tnd wil l be ·•l\ferr)· Littl e l\fe n. O urfingeiS tt \::let tl t ll' " ·o ·l · t. ·\ I. ..\\•e th 1a t it ... r 'n h a nd . Hc s ch ool. and play a tc r we 1eave snoo 1 tal, . l!l o- fa t h e is -. l.lctd m g:. numb'-' r o r t1 e" ·t sai o· ••1 hu!11pktn Scl)' S Ill D ance. f ' it 01· stu t! y . .• ' ' -' . He 11\ o rc th o u u·l'" [( l o r h e will be ' '' l \t o n e f o r m ~al tsh aabo bi t ut tl' 1C spceJa '"rtJ Will . . . I . W e arc JI'O '·ided with live g rassh opPers 't,'dy \vag; m c ,n : s u b jcc t, thu s thrn kin g . I ·o· . a nd and also wJth speCimens ll\ b e e: c\ly \\·o rk ' ]:1 CO Jn g a \\·ay til ba i;:-.Il !led ' Th ese a re the tac tsgawed "'f Y ,... o nw as . : . 1c topi cs fo r to e ta lll · . ill be ' . .' ,, l n c n d to h im H. . Thi s is the g rasshoppe ' . 1'tl. \hat orn t th e l " ' ,tk e n c 1 · IS · · · llcr th an the blue 15 1 1e,,. . . 0 cl it! . c t o sec in " ·hat The .rrasshopP" r sm• l:l y I -{JOints. may e asbemadd a y co I. . )a . \ .ht' ",T rasshopper is large r than the ft y. c dm ' 1 " • · 1s (.Yrecn . . h<L.'It " Ino'' .s a y I T l . o·J"iS' 101'1" l . ·' <tl.t: h all w ill t ire o f ll . . · t. I ca n crawl, Jump , fly aJlli th "lr.:. l e t o u). c j' l:c\1 \Il l>' 0 ) li t 1C ;:-. . . ca t._ .. 'f the o· rassh opppcrr the h ead, ~ " C. . o0 r c p le tc..:Jlt\o1'(.'.I r. t 11c r c are0 top rcs . 0 1 )<:" c t o n e t!·t , . . x. wo rn o ut o r c s · '1 he P'" ts :::> 1'\t·:lia '-t r e-.,r .I7. c'1h· o . ri li·S p la n ,.- ill Jeacl · · th o r<' ' anc1.,be omen. . . the front part of the grass1 \:\ tt,. r ,, . · tc1e r ' ' mu ch tl · · 1 hc<t{ ,_ 1. A •t J . •ctrncl th .l . ec . H' rc rs 111 t 1C · 1 h e w ills l:e b eco n1es mo re h op]Je r. l . . J· s J·ust back of the head . \v·l\1l( tr-CLt 1e 1s a cti v · t · 1st '1'11 <. n o1I a:-. .1·1 1·s bac k of the t1 · e, n m o re a O[) re111 1 tc s ' '11 lil l ' 1<: 1 Ca t r 'f, , \1e. . ·:tiJ( Ollll. . s me t1l . 1( 1o]>tJe. r's hcctd make fi nd tl · V I b e aro used to c. . 1ti 1 1 c1 t 0 ne cl 1at j 1 . l l i\1 e <•rctSS 1 t. L \J . o 1 · I cls not a reac Y .,. . 1 't 1 a nd11 lio r ' Ic r t o d o th is h e a t· .a. tn<" 1 ':'u· cI .is uree n'> ";,1\ lhtI a om bo o' c: fo ll o tl.t in th e st e n no t o nl y in the - ,L:hc bas tv\-o larg e eyes. ,, OQ1 W n 1g o utl'w o rl d o ut std . e. . . 1he 1;-,u ras. . t\1 ,-ee srnall eyes. " ttl ct111· _o n a n cl f.rn e . · .JS to sh o_,,. · leJ..s. ;:um }-! c· , as .... 11, 011pe r has t \YO fee ec 1 · a m 1 . . [b e l, t ,t s s 1 L tn ' t l 1 1ar 11ttlc an1n1a 1 t:' • ] er s a r e ante nnae. c l.Cl ) ' . . . 'lhesc 1c c · s unijted p rog ra.rl1·

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Th e g rass hoppe r has a mo ut h. . Jf f ha\·c· S( "\"(• n g r<ISSIJoppvrs in il J.ol The front pa rt of th e thorax loo ks l1kt" a ma n's co ll ar with a button in front. and t \\·o hop out, ho\\ 111 <111 \" ,rill th<'r" in tlw bott lv? I'he th orax fee ls ha rd. I f. O lll ' g rass I10ppt·r has t" n ~ ~ ntl . n ."ll ' • IH. The th ora~ is brow n with a to uch o f g reen. .II lour . man y a nte na t· \\' 1 o-ra ss Il t> JJIH ' I·s. ha' . . . .. . ·· sshOI · I Tht.! g rasshopper has six legs. ~el' <.: 1g h t \\" ln.t.:·s, how lllilll)" .!..!I c1· · pl' rs ~ I Ie has three pa irs of legs. I s<.:e c1.g ht ;ullcn n;w , how lll<tll) . .!.!.1·ac;hn Th e legs a re fas tened to the tho rax. · pe rs . Th e g rasshopper has t wo pa irs of win gs. fh e wings a rc faste ned to t he t ho rax . ·' ' L s 1c. . 1c c;c;d Th e abdomen is the larges t pa rt of th· · Th e chi lJre n s in gtlw to n<' s o_l, _t.; 01;prt g rass hoppe r. . . . g a n1ma . 1 ln . . c.: nc l so f tl l l ·<f 11111tat 1n . . . . l, tss 1 The a bdomen makes me thi nk of the cy lhirp- t he robin . inde r. ~ - the.: d o,·c.: . Th t: abdomen is g ree n. T wec.:t- t hc.; c ric k<.:t. . T here are ring on the a bd ome n. . I l(' l Cl1 c k- t he no ise t h<.: o-ra ss wp 1 REA DI \'G . in rub bing hi s hin cl lc:g s...,tog·ct hcr. (Mr. G rasshoppe r. ) F O lo J. . 1·e n 1-ep· .. Good morn in g , chil d re n. - The mate 1·ia l is c lay. ' l'l1e c hf dc I . t he gv;]!c Good morning , Mr. G rass ho ppe r. rese nt with t he cia v th e h o me 0 _I· of . c Ca n you see me, Grasshoppe r? 1 11 · . J . · " hoppe r. Th e.; cy l111de r 1s t 1l <. . t r1u nycd· 0J Yes, I can see you. I have fi ve eyes. t ree by whi ch t he ora ss hop pc r P al e foot ]ct( I have on ly two eyes. b . ·tt t 1 . (l"LI I can craw l a nd jump, too. I ha ve six s ma ll sphe re s a re t he sto ne s .. . . tria ll-:7. tile legs. the tree. Th e c ub es \\·it h t he 11 ·c· ncG1 1, ·11c 1 · · 1 ho u!j · p n s m roofs arc.; t he ba rn a m ·t'ticl. . dCr I have only two legs. fi .te 1cl whe re th e o-rass I10 p [)''": r s c c) ·)Jil. o' 1 I ca n fly too. I have fo ur wing s. · ,...., · m ac 1c tr o.·l11h ::tw,t , te l J g rass hoppe r h1mse lf 1s I ha ve no win g s. . h s tx . t1n . y cy j 111 " d e rs pas t" Wtt . . . d \\ It WR !Tf \'G , the large cy lin J e r fo r legs. Th e board practice is t he lette r G. T he b( sliding copy for sea t wo r k is '' G rasshopp t: r ST O J{ L . bO) . tO ;; 5·; ca n crawl, jump a nd fl y. " ,,ecI 1,he re wa s no nJ·C<T p I·d. cc· t·o r cl• t 11 c (rr . . . whe re .. 51 r ~ lJ .YfB E R. tha n cl o wn in t he m ead ow 0' t he.Jl Je J3 Cr' g re v,r I11.g I1 a ncI t h c I)lJ. .c·Is· ·sa iL,~] t )I tt , 5 e~Jt' In th e splin t work the child re n ca ll their • . ) O lJ O l' cl · l-J ' sp lints g rasshoppers a nd a ny of the fri e nds est so ng s. A t least so t 1 ·"?l<fast ' . 1 cl' '' · '\lr' o . · rn cat10,es of e garasshoppe r, as bees) katydids, cri ck- t ·oe H un te r. .A s sao n as IJ rca etsthor nts. e n he wo ul d sta rt fo r t he1 , o·raS· d c'· 11 J I 1 1 e a;:-,nts.. t;tI' ]1 0 Jl eL 'I w_o u ~ 1.e. 0 1~ J11. s I)a c k· WI..til the F or perception work, s traw s, blad es of crrass, leaves a nd fl owe rs a re used. dong 111. hr s a nd watc h '. t he re t o b b . b utte rH Je s. fb e bees ca me ·ho ppe ' s ''II'' yo u may nng rne as ma ny splin ts as the . h cJ a.) c;e, r,t l grass hopper has legs, wing s a nd pa n s of fro m t he cl ove r a n d th e his body . . b I· ·tc · 1 ~ a bo ut li im in t he ir p la y. ,< t he I oU,ee'

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. e r ho r n ca ll e· d 1l ll· ll .to c ha'1 sto'·.·•1 rj· t e clrnn 1 6 wo uld ha ve some t hing ne " 1 had ·c : ·''· te ll h is m oth e r. T o-clay 1 , ,.,·c 1 sf \ L !11 1 1 1 'lC g ra ss hoppe r "'hose a n t e n 'h<e fo" 11 bC O.,, t ,c' ',1 s ho r t a nd he wat che d un t d o th e r a,d pi oth e rs. H e fo ll ovve d h1 s 11d1. 11 e 1· a l tell f1 i1 I<ltc · h en as she to.ok u p t I1e 111l no t , nt eO · .tt o n t he tab le, b ut s h e co ll 1c j ng. (1 1 0 wh r so me g rass h op pe rs hac

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so lo ng· .he could co unt t\\Tnty- two li tde seg·mcnts 111 each one. Just then there w.as a <: '~owd of littl e, hoppers jumped by h11 n. I hl' y all had long- antennae. little n.l· rti c tu~·m·~l t(~ the old grasshoppe r and saH I. " \\ by 1s 1t your ante nn ae arc s horter than those of the small grasshopper? The grasshoppns all mo ,·ed thei r ante nn:\l'. Th<'ll the one ,rho had sho\1·ed Bertie hcnr to jump. said. · ·..\s \\·e grO \\. old th e sen·mc nts of our anten nae drop off. The ol~lcr 1\T gro \\·, the shorter our antennae

" l' fl'

so'' \\' ]1 Y Hn t i1· II · ht·:-. nwdwr. will . untt ·r. ·· s.11d S<•If. .. t u r II I Il l 1 1 .t ~r. t ~shn t ) J > l 'l" n .Hlr ll c· · · lookt . . . ., · ·~ layht· 1 ·d . ..u.. h 1s mo tl wr a nd snukd <l\va · \\. d I· IH .· s;ul · 1. a nd IH.' s tartl'd uY \\"histl ~-. ro . Ill ~,. I I . 'h tlnd a 11 1 _I...... <· \\a s snn n Inn~· on tht• <'· ;vas \"t·rt . t ll' · 1 , · .. s un s W l H' sn brighrh· that s lldd ' ) \\ clrm . ,. cnh·. s~a n to st• . · h· · I <·I t <[ W ' <T all un: r. I k he · a rc . just then Bertie hea rd a faraway noise, .H a\,. '.1 c: r 0 c\\"111 \"lT\ . . · s. ma II . l k )m 1ked and 1 nr t . . as · lw listen ed he fe lt hi mself turning fro m ~ \·~ .St·clrtc t] (.l o l ........ 'S. S·IH>ppt'I" S ll (I Z .llllr at I)[111 th e g-rasshoppt> r into Be rtie Hunter again . \_' .I... ~ I I. · ~s 0 r~u s t· I . · ] I1ac1 ·. ·)ll ch . · 11s· 1an c s to ru) 11 S h·t f'.'"v <' . ' 1 qucl'r Ll11 no· ! I k fou nd he H c had hi s o\\·n ha nds once more and, as ) C S l 1. tl~c I) d~s.. h t! had ~ . 111> . . \:-,nd .Ill. p lac e of. l~1s. hl' rubbed his sleepy eyes he thoug ht, ' ·I 'm St-> . g s. I' . \\ h .t l du \"Oi l t h tnk- t"·o ht - o· )acl I ha,·en 't fi ,·e eyes to rub. " < • I t~ I ) c rt )(. \ \ .cl. S SO- s ur p rt. sl'd tha t ht' :-, <It ,ras the suppe r horn that wa~ened him to 0 C to J. l from grasshopper land. H e to th e 111 ]) t( I11. . . . f~It, c1·a -I1.cI \ \"t'IIH s > . s lce l: He· c.hd JU!1lp, honse to tell hr s moth er how he' had been a Pt 1· 11.1.y a n 1 1. 0 hi g h up 111 th e a1r th<lt h" ' 'li\vh. o \ \ ' "tL·l. e ll l I o \\-11 0 11 a htrtre o-rass hor - g rasshopper, iri his s leep at least. :::. ::-. f t1 ! ·· 1-tec-"t·"'· \\" a t c·111· 11 o· h 1· m ' tl It \· ! y , .., . . as h 1 (: o· r-1 :' 1· O ll! W. lo lks mu st be careoctober. . tl~~ e c-1 C:l\\"J .-::, cc ss l o J) :::. . I . I l pe r o n wh o m he fc ] , sa 1c t"''-ac 0) 1cl g ras -] l. o ut 1· · . · 'f l1c n I o m und e r Bc rt1c. 13\" CHARLES F. GALE . s: o he1 tl1Is . . Yos 1 or) pe r S<:u.d : . ·Co me , "·c m ust ltl g- c1 ta ll 1.J L' t •ll!1 " j lOj) j) Cr h o \\· to Jlll11P · I -:->1>· bu TclSS '" ' "'" of A"'"""' b1·uw o " " ' 'ace fa lling, f ho,\' 11 o 1,)1\,. 1! s s. .tx lc o·s a nd n ot be . fa ll - 0 ,Adear , d th< h >'' of Ootnb". hong• " " the hill>; sa· e 11 l ) us. " -=:. • WhO" the wild wh•ged wondb; cd h;,.wooth'"'' ;,oall;• g ' c ! I oe - -· R't· 1a l l t tc r ~ r· 1'o " " " " th" nd of '" n>h;nc a •d "'" ' ""' ,.;. g oil!; . J:" . asslcc b eco ea tzc cl th at " ·ha t h is mothe r ll trr. 1o n1 e t · ·q h . r ue . H e h a d beco me a T h e ch atted »< , q, ;n·ol h lo ; toeeh' " " ;, MUng 1) Pe r t C) o, · fl 1C o-rass h o c.jJ)JC l. showecI A; hO oaP' " a»d fd ; ko a t h lo ch a• goabl< will; tL tl s"' v to c:. 1 a w I .· ::::. · 'l~ 'tl d 1' h e blackblcd hl> faccwell ;nug gailY;, tdlHng, h Y l 1e n1 t . \\ Jt h h1 s fr o nt legs a n Th< q ua il • " ' '" " oh u ·p ' " ' " tho , ,;ghbO';"g hill 1 0 ~a r1s1 ad l1Jrn · c h n g· t o t h e o-ra sses . T l e' n oft·tn1 o t] c ra w l to' t h e to br) of o ne oft l1e- The yell"" I• • " ' fl ual 0 " " " , , tJonl<" wat" ~t" '•1\, q 0 '• )ou ·

1 1

h~rned

---~"'"

<.

Ll k< gold·l•""

gallco•~"' ,.nv>', no nac-

1 .l\.' •tJ1 ~c!_a.,v on'"_ cl r. a w y.,, . ·I , O<"" ,., , h·"' "" " "'" ' ' th • l PhaJ·onh 'o daOg hW e Of th ; o ur bac k leers up htg 1• ""' "d cooked on th< tid< b y thO pohn-ohoded ' " "'' · 1 1 'It l t e Ia ;:, ~!Jt1 lJ , k. i P Yo ur b rge st o ld g rassh oppe rs. AbnV'• adf l t h< cln" d' t h•·ong h t he f at hom\"'"'" " ' ltlJ . \\ik You r ac k legs . T h e n v,r h e n )~ou !Ia lf t o> I ;" the h"'' and u• hocdl" g tit< b"'"'

J'ottt- hen y legs o ut stra io·ht b elun d 1"' >0 ou a · b . )·aw t!Jj o. 0 '-g-s. '' t e re adv to !J o·h t c t

.q

l lt· l ·

i:l.tt. ct 1l c]

.

t:>

_tttl'e o- _ _ li ~ . ]2C\. ,h'g hf-' _;:::..1 ass h oppe r did a s he 'v\ ' GlS h ig h e r h e went in to th e ~~· 1 ~'lrpe c1 ll n t j] ~ t n e d It h e like d 1t be tte1' j r..~i~ cl 0 . a n y n-. l e wa s so t ire d he co u c_ tL ~:; t· <q O r b)· q,' ~ 11 ;ClJ)tassh Op c . T h e 11 l1 e .sac t down ·- • hf., 1 ~ n ae p e rs . ] u st th e n he not ice cl o 0 k.~d· T l1 e y we re ver Y 5 I1 ort · at hi s o wn feele rs. T heY

~Ot ltJ~,l~ h tim-~ hncl

plea>~"''

L ; kc th n>' '" '" '" " tond ts\and> of'"" ' "'"' a•d T h a i n cck th' b>·lg \tl wav<> of tlt< I • dl • • ""'' 1' h< ,,.., ;ole ; pco•d> ou t Hk< ' '" "

,,.~,,wtng ocea n ,- .

J'{o ,ail 01, ll> " " " "' '" wcock on ' " d<'P Bl lln"' ,;, ;, g 0 " blllnw · but " "". '" ' " ' " '"' " ' t rca'h"·ou> ,·oc k> , ,doclyl» g '" >I<'P· G n no, go• ' fCU '" tltc fi e \dOa re t he brlg h t " """'" flowee> 'fhO ·n><' th at b ln<'"med an d foded ; " J" " ' ; B " t " " 1 wood> , till ;,,; te wllh thOl' gallY dcck<d boW"'' T h a t ,.; , g w ;th tho "" 'kl n g· bl cd> """' "'"b lc tu oc.


F. S T ,-1/lLISHED I SO:! B >' THE

3

1E NOR

R.

Suggestive Corner

at the top of th e pag py is used .

BUSY WORK .

In the earli est wo rk in read in g the chi!J reaches out first towards th e fo rm. His seat work shou ld therefore bt.: such as will lead him to obse rve quickly differe nces in form. The teac her may prepare for each child a set of two or more of a va ri ety of forms as circles, sq uares a nJ tri a ng les. These form s may be placed in an enve lop" and th e chi ld match like form s. A set of sentences two or mo re of eac h ne may be written on slips. These may be placed in en ve lopes, a nd th e chil d match like with like. Words and lette rs may b prepared si'mil arl y a nd us ed in ma tchin g, a littl e later. CA .\ 1E S .

\\Titin cr a slidin_

111

·"""'

'1

Th e beginning class r<'ritl's 111 thl' mus r ro om . ·r n scrc . nce \\'Ork the c I11·1-1 urcn 11a\.t., beer . - rtiH IJsc:rvmg th e go ld e nrod . th e s un!-1m1C • app le, th e pear, and tht' pt·ac h.

The chi ldren sta ndin g in th e a is les may be co rn stalks whil e one chi ld whr sthng IS the wind. The wind passes amongst th e cor n ma king it sway from side to sid e.

children hall. have the ir morning exe rc ises in The th e primary There are three beg inning class. regular g rades and one The beginning class garnes.

11·i II I child 's 0\\' 11 ac u,·rty . . rh·tt tI s t1c ' . . rhc ·tSC g rvc s tre ng th to its pow e rs a nd .rn cr·c '~ capacity of the mind . "-/;,{lz~.,a rd Jlroo s. . . . Jrrcs '' ]~o ~ r a IKa lthy c u I tl\·au . .o n o l. t ill'· J;;tc tl. <tl'l• req uires that t he mea ns by ·w hi ch th e ~ 110 5t lc:vc lolJc d s hou ld b~ IJroucr h t to the _111 1 3 ch . · · · ,..., ·rl 1 "' srmp lrcrty a nd to pc rl cc t harmon)' " I

Instead of having th e usual form of copy

-

PERU.

:.JEBR~SK

Hl.Y BY CLASS OF 'QS .

thn. ''- Pestzlo:::::i. tel' ,,-1'1lC l a ntr uag·c oJ. a ch 1'11<. _ rs . -_ fa r . .!Jet .. p ct5~

~ u l ti vatc d IJ~· a f ull acco unt

of whG tt / 5

rn g

RE\' . <.;EORGE ?IL GATES .

J. J.

KI :-> C .

E.

[.

S T .\:-." FO !tO .

Te rm s o f S u bscription:

One copy, pe r sc h o o l y e ;tr .. ....... . .... .... . . . . . . . . Sl.OO Sin gle copies, eac h . .. .... . ... .. .. . . . ... .. ..... .' . . . . 15 All subscripti on s arc co n ~ id crcJ p c r m ~n~ nt unti l orJ ercd d isco~t i nu~ d and arrear ages paiJ. AdJrcs s all c o mmun ic:H ions to Til E 1\ o~ II.~L COUR IER. ~

Ent ere d at th e Po s t oflice at Pe ru, Neb r., a s Se cond Cla ss Mall

atter.

SCHOOL DIRECTORY.

P HIL OMATHEAN. Soc ie ty every Fri day eve ning durin g th e sc h oo l ter ms at ' o' cloc k . . All Stude nts arc cordia ll y in v it e,\ to joi n us in our l iterary worl, , espec~ttlly tho~e of th e hi $! hcr cours e 0 . P. P .o\L~TINO:. l're~ide nt. EVERETT SOC I ETY . . hery Friday even in g durin g th e sc h oo l term~ . N ew st udents are es · Pec ta ll y tn vit~d to join \I S in ou r li terary wo rk . I~OlltRT G t F FI~. Pres. WELLINGTONJAN SOC I ET Y . ,.s?ciety every Frid ay evc nin !< duri n g th e sc h oo l yc:t r . All students who di' 5111 th e deve lop ment w hi ch .:"rn cs t lit cr:uv "ork a lone c:t n g i ve are cor a Y tn vl ted to v i sit us. , " ELI Z ABET H 81lATT . Pres.

J

.JUN IOR SOC I ETY. Fri d ay Pve ni ng- du r in g- sc h oo l y ear. StuJe nts :lllcl are Cordtall y lllVtt ed t o v i si t us. F R ASK •\ I AtlT IN. Pres.

.

fric~~~or society. eve r y

l>re ·

~~~ent .P. M

.

Now clin~tn e r gTows th e m eado w ' Vinecl wall a ncl z igzag t·ai l, :1 W htl . e frith -a-froth a nd h ome \,,a t c __ (111/f!'· 11 Goes th e milkin g· p a il. _ £ :1C

-

M .\I K.\. ~ [ 1:-.-:-: JE \ '.,:-;X oSTR .\:S

Ll ll .\

Or"a . L ECTURE B U REA ~ . . . . . tl sPi ' ntzed as n p b ces ofth PI. erma nent tn s tll ut1on of th e sc h oo l. It 1s under 1c ~ u ~~~~ lectur~rs ~~o;~athean, E\'crett , Wellin g-to n ian and Juni or soc i.ctic s. fl.tc etary: A. J N dny Will be sec ur ed. J . .1 . King-, ch airma n ; l.cttt e M. Lutt , · Ca l , treas ur er. ·

"'

-

No. 3·

What i s t he Hope of Our Country?

CARRIE D u:-:cA:-; so :-.- .... . . . . ........... . . . . ... Tre a s ure r Er,JZAB E'rfl BtL\1"1' , ... .. . .· , .... Prcs i d~ nt C O t ' Nt c R Staff

11 -orcl~

No w k atvd id,; wax t est y , And c t·i... c k e t s whi s p e t·:; "s lee p. And s udde n sparks of fir e !-li es P ulse throuu·h th e s hac1o""' ,. cJ eeP· ~

-- --

NOVEiV\BER, 1894.

fH ' S I :-.'ESS :\1.\ :-.' ,\ CJ-:NS :

r· .

>

has kindergarten

··- VOL. Ill.

:r.L\:\1 1-: 1\ G:->t ·: w . S~crl!tar y.

- Locke.

--

S Tf\ TE.. NO R Mf\L SOtiOOL.

NEBR-f\St<f\

L. MAE VA:-:Vr.~-: ~-:·r ,

Clippings.

rep~

The primary classes a re \veil fill ed

urtt~.

H. nEt~ l)LE . . .. . ...... , . ....... . . l:: lllTO N BERTHA J OIIN~T O l"' . . . . . . . . . . . . \ SSIST.\~ T F. ntTO N

befo re him . than by i so l ate~, r•:;i. ·t f r-agme nta ry se nte nces. ··- rn estNtJ.J tion. -uc ot '''l'h · <.r lriw· · · p1ay " ·rt ·1 1 in St 1ents The childre n may rev rese nt th e Autte rinR . at a Inrn of ., . I - . . ;:;, o . . n n, . 1d leaves with th eir ha nd s. As th e leaves Rut- Is a l ealthtul Ince nti ve to t he attc.ll II !Jcll o tering to the g round th e eh ild re n rna y slo II". kn o\\' led o-(; a nd co ndu ces to th e ,,·c. :-;, ' I 'I ly drop on one knee, close to th e floor. f o bot h m ind and body. ' ·- Pesti~,o. r;::- · . dl'er1 ,, . . . f chd .fLd· The birds fly in g to the so uth la nd and the A I I the pia vs a nd d1 vc rsw ns 0 1 usc ·· butterfl ies ft ying in the garde n rn a y be sho~d cl be clirec.ted to ~'arc! good _a,nj~ l oneS· · for resented 'v\' Ing-s.by the chi ldre n, usin g th e ir arn, habrts, o r e lse they wrll mtrocl ucc

Primary N otes

~ ,\ SS()I.:J.\ TE l ·: ntTONS :

t

+

l>~RANK

I us ic is tatwht in each ,...,\lTadl' . ;::,

1 •

The rests which close th e rec itat ion may be app rop riate to th e co untry li ft.: o uts id t.:.

Cl.~S~ OF 'QJ.

-

co

J' ev.

ct' J) e

.vere d ~ ~ c~' Prof. and Mrs. D unca ns o.n th ' e b ~1 sP e · . J mg geo Ioo- .tca I spec .tm e n s tn Jo O'l·c~" reo· . b . f zoo i:::J t 9th is summer, Instead o · · Jl'' R s me ns as th e September C 0 UR "

i' r

~si <le

I'~ , 01

r>

nt, M· . •n'll e V

. li .

·AI. " · · J, 1<.

Cl

.

~.

Y

N

<~n nstr · • at..

'

..

Co rres r, ond in o Sec reta ry, • "

W C . . . A. C

\ .

or r espo ndi ng Senetary,

l HE NOI~NIAL M ILIT I A . -AN soN ~ ct L'

B. DuN e

"'hi 1

J

Y. M. C. . A.

, .

· 'v\ hllehea ct ·

l h e <~d

In~. <:: llt>t

r-

' -

.

' f:lr st Li e

Hl

leutenant, Co mm athler o

..

INI'ANTI<

ieut S ... llnct · • r.

Acti n

·

. C ·' ff' th Ol11·e 11 1

c ~-jets.

N

Ser ge nt .

Y-cQ ,\IP A i\ Y tl.

C h :~ s .

S' l St ·L ern-

·

S t Af.F. Ul enant and Ac tin g; Adjut.':ll !t.

tg- h J oy, 2<.\ Li eu t.

"ood

f

R C OrJ.

Tu ck er. tS I

C OMPANY H

·

ea l W yne , 1s t Li L•nt .. J r. L. A. g 2 11 d Li eu t. Sam J . Storm . t st Serg.

- n

(ha~··

tSt

\~HE~E. lies th~ hope of our countr ? Is It.·111 our nch lands our aaold mmes .Y - .. . ' 1 ou 1 g 1 eat II\'Crs and m o·h tu seas f ? D . 1. . a ; o com- , m~rce . ~es It te . Ill the thousands of miles of nuhray, w1th .. . . the hosts of non stee d sl puff 111g. pantmg and makina the arth t~·cm?le_ beneath their mighty m~rch? Docs 1t lie 111 bank stoc ks. bo nds and ~ig·ht!· yaults of minted gold? Does it lie rn legislatures and the congress of these nited States? Does th e hope of our country rest in the g reat armies of our com.monwealth, or in oui· boasted 2, soo. ooo square mil es of -\m eri ca n soil ? \ Ve ll \\' € are proud of all th ese and we g lory in th e ~ag that fioats in triumph over this Uni ted Kingdom. one of th e g reatest a nd most po,rer:Jul of all the nations of the

ea rth. \Ve haYe inherited grea t in stitutions from our forefath ers and our national resources are such as "·ill ;:,O' reatl y aiel in perpetuating . th e \m eri ca n home. but o'trr hope is not tn any of R thehoboa ese. m reig ned over a kingdom that

st retch ed from sea to sea, but for the wa nt of loyalty, ,rhi ch rnal~es men gre~t a~d a defe nse of co mm on mtercsts, h1s kmgdorn fe ll (;eat Britain ow ned th e wealth of the ·1d t t that ,ras not jJO vv erful enough to wor . Jll 1\ 'fa),. flo wer fr· orn landtn · g· at PI yk ee p t1I e l' c ~ mouth R?~lkt. . hosts fell before Napo leon's Th e mi . there .ts no hope .In num. bold1. ,y. so 5 o·allan t so rtl ' ;:,c . bers. . ·llt s-a)' "ith out fu rther IIl,..I~ h en.

,.,-c HJ.I · oo

c

'

Profile for Peru State College Library

1894-1895 Normal Courier issues 1 & 2  

1894-1895 newspaper issues 1 and 2 for now Peru State College, Peru, Nebraska

1894-1895 Normal Courier issues 1 & 2  

1894-1895 newspaper issues 1 and 2 for now Peru State College, Peru, Nebraska

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